You are on page 1of 17

LEARNING MODULE

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY

Effectivity:
SY 2015-2016

Document Reference:
QR-AAD-013

Revision No: 01

Issue No: 01

Date Issued:
MAY 2015

LEARNING MODULE TITLE
Human Development

LEARNING MODULE RATIONALE
What can you tell about your childhood? Now, how will you describe the person that
you’ve become?
Such are just some of the concerns that psychologists have in examining the development
of humans. They are called developmental psychologists. Their job is to examine the
developmental changes that happen in individual from conception until death. This
module will focus on the factors influencing the development of a person. Likewise,
different aspects of development such as physical and motor, emotional, intellectual, and
social will also be discussed according to developmental stages.

Prepared by:

Reviewed by:
MARREN A. ADAN
E-FACULTY

Approved by:
RIVIERA G. GUIYAB

ALMA V. DELA CRUZ, Ph.D.

This is a controlled document. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. The original copy of this document is located at the
office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office.

1/5

and moral domains C. GUIYAB ALMA V. education or a medical field. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). cognitive. social.D. This is a controlled document. Whether you want to take just one course or devote your entire education to studying the topic. Determine the theoretical perspectives that influence the developmental theories. TEACHING STRATEGIES/LEARNING ACTIVITIES Lecture Classroom Discussion Graphic Organizers/ Charts RESOURCES/MATERIALS Are you wondering why you should study human development? Read the article entitled “5 Great Reasons to Study Human Development” authored by a Psychology expert. there are plenty of great reasons to learn more about human development. Ph. 2/5 . The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. DELA CRUZ. If you are majoring in psychology. B. the students are expected to: A. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. studying human development can also provide greater personal insight. In addition to gaining a better understanding of others.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 LEARNING OUTCOMES At the conclusion of this learning module. some background knowledge of how people grow and change throughout life is essential. Check this link: http://psychology.about. Discuss the developmental changes in the physical. Explain the nature of human development.com/od/developmentalpsychology/tp/why-study-human-development. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G.htm Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A.

This is a controlled document. Environment. Ph.the study of physical. approximately nine months after.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 LEARNING CONCEPT Topic 3 Human Development Human development. 3/5 . ADAN E-FACULTY fetal Approved by: RIVIERA G. DELA CRUZ. germinal Prepared by: embryonic Reviewed by: MARREN A. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). and social characteristics that make up the individual.sectional design. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Cross.D. emotional. emotional.involves examining the developmental changes in relation to age. Prenatal Development - begins with fertilization which is the union of sperm cell and egg cell.the external force that influences the individual Developmental Stages A. GUIYAB ALMA V. intellectual. Longitudinal design. and social changes experienced by an individual all throughout his or her lifespan. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure.involves observing different groups with different developmental stages Hereditary and Environment Heredity.refers to the inherited physiological. motor. cognitive. and ends during birth.

Infancy and Childhood Development B1.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 B. DELA CRUZ. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. the infant will automatically turn his head toward the bottle - sucking reflex. Cognitive Development - examination of information processing of an individual Cognitive Stage 1.motor skills are developed from the head downward proximodistal. walk. stand. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). crawl.if you touch the infant’s cheek with a feeding bottle. Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A.development of motor skills from inside (center of the body) to outside B3. Ph. Sensorimotor Stage Age Birth to 2 years Description Children interpret their surroundings using their senses and motor abilities.if you put something to the infant’s mouth. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. and perform other physical actions cephalocaudal principle. it would right away suck on it - startle (Moro) reflex.D. Physical Development - rooting reflex.infants who are startled will instinctively open their arms widely and then immediately brings them back together near their chest Image A Rooting Reflex B2. Motor Development - involves the child’s ability to raise his head. sit. GUIYAB ALMA V. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. This is a controlled document. 4/5 .

Phallic 3-6 years Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. GUIYAB ALMA V. 4. This is a controlled document. Personality Development - Sigmund Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Development  mainly focus on sexual themes Stage 1.D. 5/5 . lips. aside from adulthood thinking logically. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). Oral 2. can now think abstractly. and Crisis Weaning or tongue feeding problems Anus Toilet training Penis or clitoris Oedipus complex or Electra years 3. Preoperational 2-7 years Children make use of Stage symbolic thoughts to understand their environment 3. 2.18 months 18 months. Concrete 7 to 12 years Children at this stage know Operations how to use logic in their thinking on real or tangible experiences. DELA CRUZ.3 Erogenous Stage Mouth. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 They acquire object permanence and symbolic thought. Formal Operations 12 years to Adolescents. Anal Age Birth. They are capable of conservation. Ph. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure.

Prepared by: Early If preschoolers learn If preschoolers fail to Reviewed by: MARREN A. Genital Pubertyadulthood Social Development - Involves personal growth and how they form relationships with those people around them. They people cannot be perceived their trusted. they develop a sense of babies are not met. confident. They become unsure of themselves. Latency 6 years. Age world as loving. Shame and Toddler If toddlers are able (1 to 3 years) to explore their Doubt If toddlers are not allowed to make surroundings. 3. 2. Mistrust Infancy Healthy Resolution If the needs of the Unhealthy Resolution If the needs of the (birth to 1 year) babies are met.(before) --- --- --- --- puberty 5. Autonomy vs. they their own choices. they learn that some basic trust. Trust vs. Erik Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development  Proposed that personality development persists throughout the individual’s lifetime Psychosocial Crisis 1.D. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. This is a controlled document.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 complex 4. Initiative vs. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Ph. DELA CRUZ. 6/5 . ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. GUIYAB ALMA V. learn to be they develop a sense independent and of shame and doubt.

Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Adolescence Adolescents who Adolescents. Industry or Inferiority Elementary School Age Children develop a sense of industry if Children feel inferior. Identity vs. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD).absorbed and grow emotionally. This is a controlled document. They Reviewed by: MARREN A. they develop a feeling of guilt from being irresponsible. DELA CRUZ. Generativity vs. 7/5 . incompetent they are able to or inadequate if they ( 5 years to complete tasks or fail to produce puberty) learn new skills that quality output. 7. develop a “who are you?” develop a strong sense of role confusion. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Isolation Young Young adults from Young adults who Adulthood intimate fail to establish close relationship that relationships remain will make them self. Ph. GUIYAB ALMA V. 4. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. (3 to 5 years) develop a sense of initiative.D. 5. They know and understand who they are. 6. will make them feel competent. Stagnation Prepared by: Middle Adults develop a Adults who fail to Adulthood sense of develop this task will generativity by feel stagnation. experience emotional (20s to 40s) isolation. they take responsibility. who fail can answer with to identify their true ( teen years confidence the identity and role in to early 20s) famous question the society.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Guilt Revision No: 01 Childhood Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 to plan and take carry out plans or responsibility. Role Confusion sense of identity. Intimacy vs.

LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 (40s to 60s) Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 guiding the future will feel that they generation. This is a controlled document. DELA CRUZ. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. society.D. and future generations. 8/5 . GUIYAB ALMA V.appearance of breasts for females and facial hair for males Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. influence they have on their family.development of sex organs such as the penis for boys and the uterus for girls  Secondary sex characteristics. 8. C. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Integrity vs. Despair Late Sense of integrity Elderly people who Adulthood can be developed if fail to develop this elderly people live sense of integrity (60s and their lives with will feel dissatisfied beyond) acceptance and satisfaction. They did not contribute to find satisfaction the improvement of with the degree of the next generations. Ph. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). Adolescence Development Physical Development - Physical changes that began during puberty will fully develop in the adolescence stage. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. with their lives and will perceive their lives as empty.  Primary sex characteristics.

9/5 . Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Ph.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 Image B Adolescents Cognitive Development - Characterized by the ability of adolescents to solve problems. and manage abstract concepts. be analytical in confusing statements. DELA CRUZ.D. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). 1969) Stage Preconventional Characteristics The child can differentiate what is good from bad and what is right from wrong. GUIYAB ALMA V. Lawrence Kohlberg’s Moral Stages of Development -explained that individuals pass though distinct stages of moral development (Kohlberg. This is a controlled document. though the rules being implemented by the parents or Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Social Development - Involves the search for identity Moral Development - The application of the cognitive abilities to moral issues and dilemmas. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office.

10/ 5 . specifically the testosterone level Cognitive Development - it is assumed that cognitive development declines during adulthood. This is a controlled document. taking post.cessation of menstruation and ovulation  andropause. Ph. however developmental psychologists believe that people can get old without losing their cognitive and intellectual functioning (i. Postconventional The moral development will be reshaped. GUIYAB ALMA V.D. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. etc) Social Development - greatly influenced by social and cultural expectations Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. re-moulded.gradual decline in man’s several hormones. DELA CRUZ. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD).LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 significant adults Conventional The influence of people on the child’s physical and psychological growth will form the moral perspective of the child. D.graduate programs. Adulthood Development - changeable and unpredictable Physical Development  menopause.e. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. re-transformed.

The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). This is a controlled document.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 Image C Playing Crossword Puzzle Physical Cognitive Human Development Social Moral Figure 3. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure.D. GUIYAB ALMA V. DELA CRUZ. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Ph. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office.1 Aspects of Human Development Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. 11/ 5 .

nsf/page/Rooting300x200. DELA CRUZ. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD).jpg/$FILE/Rooting30 0x200. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure.com/cnn/dam/assets/120123084808-older-mancrossword-puzzle-story-top. (2012). The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. General Psychology A Bird’s.turner.jpg ( Image B) Retrieved from http://i2.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 REFERENCES De Guzman.soxman-buzzatto. 12/ 5 .Eye View.com/images/dental-care-foradolescents. Ph. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House Images Retrieved from http://www.cdn.jpg?OpenElement ( Image A) Retrieved from http://www. GUIYAB ALMA V. This is a controlled document. et.allinahealth.jpg ( Image C) Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. Al.D.org/ac/pregcc.

Cross. What area in psychology is concerned with the study of the principles of human development? A. Development Psychology C. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). This refers to the inherited physiological.sectional design C. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G.D. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. This involves observing different groups with different developmental stages… A. Heredity Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. Neuropsychology B. DELA CRUZ. This is a controlled document..sectional design C. Experimental design D. Forensic Psychology 2. Longitudinal design B. A.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 SELF-TEST Multiple-choice. Cross. Genes C. Social Psychology D. GUIYAB ALMA V. Experimental design D. Attribute D. intellectual. Correlational design 4. 13/ 5 . and social characteristics that make up the individual… A. Ph. Select the best answer. Environment B. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. This involves examining the developmental changes in relation to age. emotional. Correlational design 3. 1. Longitudinal design B.

Environment B. What kind of reflex is shown? A. If you put something to the infant’s mouth. This development of motor skills is from inside (center of the body) to outside… A. This refers to the external force that influences the individual… A. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Rooting reflex B. In this stage of cognitive development. Preoperational stage C. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Concrete principle C. This is a controlled document. Attribute D. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Formal operations Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). GUIYAB ALMA V. Proximodistal principle D. 14/ 5 . Concrete operations D. Cephalocaudal principle 8. children acquire object permanence and symbolic thought. Sensorimotor stage B.D. Heredity 6. A.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 5. Sucking reflex C. Autonomic reflex 7. Genes C. Ph. Moro reflex D. DELA CRUZ. it would right away suck on it. Sensorimotor principle B.

Sensorimotor stage B. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. 15/ 5 . Kohlberg’s Moral Stages of Development D. children are capable of conservation. Sensorimotor stage B. This developmental theory mainly focuses on sexual themes… A. Kohlberg’s Moral Stages of Development Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development C. In this stage of cognitive development. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Aggression D. This developmental theory focuses on the examination of information processing of an individual. A. Preoperational stage C. this is a condition where a child fails to resolve a conflict of a particular stage… A. Ph. A. Fixation C. Libido B. GUIYAB ALMA V. Formal operations 11. Sarah is an adult who thinks abstractly of different things around her. This is a controlled document. Piaget’s Cognitive Stages of Development B. She is believed to be at this stage of cognitive development… A. Preoperational stage C. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). Freud’s Psychosocial Stages of Development 12. Formal operations 10. Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development C. Concrete operations D.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 9. According to Freud. Piaget’s Cognitive Stages of Development B. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Concrete operations D. Regression 13.D. DELA CRUZ.

ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G. Despair 16. Industry or Inferiority C. Intimacy vs.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 D. Industry or Inferiority C. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Postconventional D. Role Confusion B. This psychosocial stage refers to… A. GUIYAB ALMA V. Integrity vs. Isolation D. DELA CRUZ. 16/ 5 . Isolation D. though the rules being implemented by the parents or significant adults… A. Integrity vs. Despair 15. This is the conflict among elementary school age in Erickson’s Psychosocial Stages of Development… A. Intimacy vs. Integrity vs. Formal Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. Identity vs. Freud’s Psychosocial Stages of Development 14. This is a controlled document. Identity vs. This refer to the stage where the child can differentiate what is good from bad and what is right from wrong. Identity vs. Preconventional B. Intimacy vs.D. Elderly people have a tendency to feel dissatisfied with their lives and will perceive their lives as empty. Conventional C. Isolation D. Role Confusion B. Despair 17. Industry or Inferiority C. Ph. The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Role Confusion B. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). This is the psychosocial stage where adolescents know and understand who they are… A.

This developmental aspect is greatly influenced by social and cultural expectations… A. re-transformed… A. Regression D. Revision of this document should undergo the standard procedure. Formal 19. This is a controlled document. Postconventional D.D. Moral B. Ph. ADAN E-FACULTY Approved by: RIVIERA G.LEARNING MODULE GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Effectivity: SY 2015-2016 Document Reference: QR-AAD-013 Revision No: 01 Issue No: 01 Date Issued: MAY 2015 18. DELA CRUZ. Menopause B. Social ***end of test*** Prepared by: Reviewed by: MARREN A. The moral development at this stage will be significantly re-shaped. The original copy of this document is located at the office of the Academic Affairs Department (AAD). 17/ 5 . The user should secure the latest revision of this document from the AAD office. Cognitive C. GUIYAB ALMA V. Progression 20. What is this condition among women where cessation of menstruation and ovulation happen? A. Conventional C. Preconventional B. re-moulded. Andropuase C. Sexual D.