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In recent times, there has been much concern about the

influence of large amount of disposing waste. Hoornweg and BhadaTata state that 1.3 billion tonnes of solid waste per year have been
generated by cities around the world. And this figure is predicted to
reach to 2.2 billion tonnes by 2025. (2012, p. foreword). Most of
those are Municipal Solid Waste (MSW). The increase of huge
quantity of waste results in environmental impacts and also
economic effects; the depletion of natural resources, drained
energy, water consumption, GHG gas, to the economic costs.
Disposing waste has been variously classified according to their
types. However, this essay will focus on Municipal Solid Waste
(MSW) and will first define the term MSW and then outline some of
the impacts associated with disposing waste and include some of
the possible managements that have been suggested for this
problem.
Municipal solid waste covers household waste including waste
generated by small business (OECD, cited in Hoornweg and BhadaTata, 2012, p.4).
For example, Biodegradable waste: food waste, green waste.
Recyclable material: paper, glass, bottles, metals, certain plastics,
fabrics.
Electrical and electronic waste (WEEE): electrical appliances, TVs,
computers, screens.(Staff of the Renewable Information Team, 2007,
p.14). It could be said that MSW is everyday waste.
Disposing waste massively harms to environment. Waste
creation drains a huge number of natural resources. According to
Giljum et al., (2008); Chalmin and Gaillochet, (2009), cited in
Zaman, Lehmann (2013, p.124), a great deal of natural resources
are consumed daily.
120-130 billion tonnes of those raw materials are used for new
products and generate approximately 3.4 to 4 billion tonnes of
municipal solid waste every year.
Moreover, large amount of energy is also consumed. Zaman
and Lehmann (2013, p.129-130,) claim that energy is utilized to
create a new product more than when the product is used in its
lifespan. The guides network team observes that the producing of 1
tin consumes energy equivalent to power a television for 3 hours
and recycle paper spends less 70% of energy compare with creating
the new one from raw sources (2003-2014).
Furthermore, wastes that leaved in water can cause water
pollution. Buxton and Kolpin (2002) prove that wastes, which end up
in water significantly alter the chemical composition of the water.
Obviously, water is not the unlimited resource. Zaman, Lehmann
(2013, p.130) point out that an enormous amount of fresh water is

The issue has been considered at the nation level to the international cooperation such as (UNEP) The United Nations Environment Programme. cited in Kirby. food wastes in all cities around the world total 1.T and Kolpin. and Other Organic Wastewater Contaminants in U. . the most meaning GHG gas released while the degradation of organics matter in the landfills and also create carbon dioxide with other forms of waste disposal (2004). according to FAO. 2002.S. Reusing involves the repeated use of items or parts of items. References Buxton. Pharmaceuticals. Toepfer shows that the disposal of waste can produce a great deal of methane. Apart from the environmental effects. These two GHGs gas extremely cause the global climate change. while the better way to manage waste is Reuse. [Online] 2002:1-2. In addition. Hormones. But without the individual awareness.usgs. Recycling means the use of waste itself as resources’ (2009). It could be said that Reduce is the first step of dealing the waste problem.gov/pubs/FS-027-02/ [Accessed 7th June 2014]. cited in Kirby. Dhaka. This exclude wasted fish and seafood. Available from: http://toxics. Reduce. Recycle. Streams. The environmental impact could be catastrophic. I have attempted to indicate the effects of disposing Municipal solid waste to the environment and economic and also to offer possible solutions called 3Rs. disposal waste. which still have usable aspects.3 billion tonnes annually. (2013). D. 2009 Department of Environment Ministry of Environment and Forests Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. (FAO. and then the good way is Recycle. only food matter is estimated the direct cost that goes to waste about $750 billion per year. Reuse. It has been universal accepted in this period of time to deal with waste problem. stop creating the waste at the first place. the problem seems to be more severe and the solutions could not be effective. (2013) The popular principle of managing municipal solid waste is 3Rs. Environmental Services Seminole County Government (2014) suggest that the first choice is Reduce. In this paper. Dhaka gives the meaning of 3Rs ‘Reducing means choosing to use items with care to reduce the amount of waste generated.an important part of raw materials procession that used to produce new products.

Available from: http://www. D and Bhada-Tata. Available from: http://www. The guide network team. Kirby.gov/totalenergy/data/monthly/pdf/historical/msw. Waste reduction.aspx [Accessed 8th June 2014].libproxy.unep.ucl. no. Lehmann.pdf [Accessed 7th June 2014].uk/science/article/pii/S0 95965261200635X .eia. Toepfer. WHAT A WASTE A Global Review of Solid. 2007. S . Available from: http://www.climatenewsnetwork. Available from: http://www.org.org/Publication/draft_national_3R_strategy.grid. K. The 3 R's of Solid Waste.net/2013/09/foodwaste-worsens-ghg-emissions-fao/ [Accessed 7th June 2014].uk/facts. pdf [Accessed 7th June 2014].gov/envsrvs/solidwaste/3rs. Zaman.2013. Methodology for Allocating Municipal Solid Waste to Biogenic and Non-Biogenic Energy.ac.[Online] 2012. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect. [Online]. 2003-2014.com. [Online] 2013. 2009. [Online]. [Online] 2009: 6-7. March 2012.worldbank. Available from: http://www.seminolecountyfl.recyclingguide.html [Accessed 7th June 2014]. 2004 Vital Waste Graphic United Nations Environment Programme. Green Choices Team. Food waste worsens GHG emissions – FAO. 2013.wasteconcern.org/about/who-we-are [Accessed 7th June 2014].pdf [Accessed 7th June 2014]. [Online].html [Accessed 7th June 2014]. 50: 124-130. The zero waste index: a performance measurement tool for waste management systems in a ‘zero waste city’.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/ WDSP/IB/2012/07/25/000333037_20120725004131/Rendered/PDF/6 81350WP0REVIS0at0a0Waste20120Final. [Online]. Staff of the Renewable Information Team. Available from: http://www. Available from: http://www. Available from: http://www. Environmental Services Seminole County Government. . 2014.National 3R Strategy for Waste Management.U. A. P.greenchoices. Hoornweg.wds. Why recycling is important .ch/waste/html_file/42-43_climate_change. [Online].15: foreword-4. A. [Online] 2004: 41-42.

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