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Appunti ed Esercizi di Fisica Tecnica e Macchine Termiche

Appendici 1-5
Paolo Di Marco
Versione 2006.00 – 10.10.05.

1. Equazioni di stato per i gas ideali e per i liquidi incomprimibili
2. Trasformazioni reversibili per i gas ideali con calori specifici costanti
3. Proprietà termodinamiche dei fluidi.
4. Unità di misura del Sistema Internazionale e fattori di conversione
5. Metodologia per la soluzione di problemi in termodinamica

La presente dispensa è redatta ad esclusivo uso didattico per gli allievi dei corsi di studi universitari dell’Università di Pisa.
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alterata in alcuna maniera o essere rivenduta ad un costo superiore a quello netto della riproduzione.
Ogni altra forma di uso e riproduzione deve essere autorizzata per scritto dall’autore.
L’autore sarà grato a chiunque gli segnali errori, inesattezze o possibili miglioramenti.

Appendici

APPENDICE 1 - Equazioni di stato per i gas ideali, fluidi reali, e i liquidi incomprimibili
TABELLA RIASSUNTIVA
Gas ideale

Fluido reale monofase

Liquido incomprimibile

pV =nM ℜT

T = f ( p, v )
dv
= β dT − κ dp
v

v = cost.

pV =M RT
pv=RT

R = c p − cv ,

k=

Rk
= f (T )
k −1
R
= f (T )
cv =
k −1
cp =

cp
cv

β=

1 ⎛ ∂v ⎞


v ⎜⎝ ∂ T ⎟⎠ p

c p = cv = c

1 ⎛ ∂v ⎞

v ⎝ ∂ p ⎟⎠T

κ = − ⎜⎜

⎛ ∂h ⎞
cp = ⎜

⎝ ∂T ⎠p

du = cv (T ) dT

du = cv ( v, T ) dT + Bu (T , v ) dv

du = c(T ) dT

dh = c p (T ) dT

dh = c p ( p, T ) dT + Bh (T , p ) dp

dh = c(T ) dT + v dp

dT
dv
+R
v
T
dT
dp
ds = c p
−R
T
p
1
β=
T
1
κ=
p
Bu = Bh = 0

ds =

ds = c(T )

⎛ ∂u ⎞
T β2 v
cv = ⎜
=
c

p

κ
⎝ ∂ T ⎠v
⎛ ∂u ⎞
βT
Bu = ⎜
−p
⎟ =
κ
⎝ ∂ v ⎠T

β=κ=0
Bu = 0

ds = cv

cv
B + p
dT + u
dv
T
T
c
B −v
ds = p d T + h
dp
T
T

dT
T

Bh = v

⎛ ∂h ⎞
Bh = ⎜
⎟ = (1 − β T ) v
⎝ ∂ p ⎠T

Un fluido reale è completamente caratterizzato una volta noti i coefficienti cp, β e κ.
Un gas ideale è caratterizzato una volta noti due coefficienti a scelta tra cp, cv, k o R.
Un liquido incomprimibile è completamente caratterizzato dai valori di c e v.
NOTA
Le relazioni di Gibbs
du = T ds − p dv , dh = T ds + v dp
sono valide per qualunque fluido, purchè la trasformazione avvenga tra due stati di equilibrio.

a-2

Appendici

APPENDICE 2 - Trasformazioni reversibili per i gas ideali con calori specifici costanti:
lavoro e calore scambiati
(N.B.: le variazioni dei termini di energia cinetica e potenziale vengono considerate
trascurabili)
LAVORO DI DILATAZIONE REVERSIBILE (gas ideale)
2

l12 =∫ p dv , rV = v2 / v1 , rP = p2 / p1
1

Trasformazione
ISOTERMA
T = cost

v2
v1
rP

POLITROPICA
pvn = cost

⎛T ⎞
v1⎜⎜ 1 ⎟⎟
⎝ T2 ⎠

ISOCORA
v = cost

v1

T2
T1
1
n −1

p2
p1
rV
1− n
V

T1 r

T1rP

l12
−RT ln rP =

=RT ln rV

−n
1 V

p r

p1

q12
q12 =l12

T2
T1

p1v1− p2v2
=
n −1
R
(T1−T2 )=
=
n −1
RT1
(1−rV1−n )
=
n −1

R ⎞

⎟ (T2 −T1 )
⎜ cv −
⎝ n −1⎠

cv (T2 −T1 )

0

LAVORO DI COMPRESSIONE/ESPANSIONE REVERSIBILE IN SISTEMI APERTI A
REGIME (gas ideale)
2

l '12 = − ∫ v dp , rV = v2 / v1 , rP = p2 / p1
1

n −1
n
k −1 R
a=
=
k
cp
a=

per trasformazione adiabatica

Trasformazione
ISOTERMA
T = cost

v2
v1
rP
1

n
1 p

POLITROPICA
pvn = cost

v r

ISOCORA
v = cost

v1

T2
T1
a
1 P

Tr

T1 rP

p2
p1
rV

l12
−RT lnrP =

=RT lnrV

⎛T ⎞
p1 ⎜⎜ 2 ⎟⎟
⎝ T1 ⎠

p1

q12
q12 =l12

T2
T1

1
a

n
( p1v1− p2v2 ) =
n −1
Rn
(T1−T2 ) =
=
n −1
Rn
=−
T1(rPa −1)
n −1
v1 ( p2 − p1 ) =

= R (T1−T2 )

Rn ⎞

⎟ (T2 −T1 )
⎜ cp −
n −1⎠

cv (T2 −T1 )

a-3

Le tabelle che seguono contengono le proprietà di alcuni fluidi. Inoltre i valori delle proprietà possono anche variare leggermente da un manuale ad un altro a seconda dei diversi modelli adottati. Le tabelle sono così organizzate: dapprima le proprietà del liquido e del vapore in condizioni di saturazione sono riportate in due tabelle. R134a e isobutano (R600a). ammoniaca (R717). Seguono poi le tabelle del fluido a pressione costante al di fuori delle condizioni di saturazione: le proprietà (v.Appendici APPENDICE 3 – Proprietà termodinamiche dei fluidi. per il valore della pressione riportato in testa alla tabella. rispettivamente in funzione della temperatura e della pressione. il fluido si trova allo stato liquido per temperature inferiori a quella di saturazione ed allo stato di vapore surriscaldato o gas per temperature superiori a quest’ultima: la transizione risulta evidente da una brusca discontinuità nel valore delle proprietà stesse. a-4 . e precisamente: acqua. Ovviamente. CATT) forniscono valori diversi per alcuni dei fluidi considerati: le variazioni delle proprietà tra due stati rimangono però quasi identiche in tutti i casi. h ed s) sono espresse in funzione della temperatura. E’ importante ricordare che tutte le proprietà di stato sono definite a meno di una costante arbitraria: non bisogna pertanto stupirsi se alcuni diagrammi o programmi di calcolo (es. u.

36 807.114E-03 1.015E-03 1.23 674.756 7.13 461.55 718.364 1.739 1.98 2232.13 2469.19 2727.76 2587.140 2.332E-03 1.16 762.791 1.31 1461.51 2602.08 784.32 2382.72 1891.51 2786.250 1.25 2389.127 0.004 0.447E-03 1.51 2599.559 8.21 2488.581 16.157 0.15 2676.393 0.29 503.838 6.141 0.156E-03 1.64 873.224 0.89 1033.240E-03 1.52 2700.18 2556.975 3.931 5.14 2798.Appendici Acqua Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della temperatura Temp.86 418.363 1.804 a-5 .60 2800.610 2.26 2534.454 32.60 2525.072 0.10 1013.66 167.026E-03 1.02 440.543 0.075 1.31 1594.17 2622.783 5.46 2790.01 567.050 0.93 2545.56 2475.12 2801.051 4.06 2550.751 6.659 3.92 2482.115 0.583 0.10 2804.42 2572.101 0.793 3.421 1.079 0.77 2416.27 2576.87 2609.27 2583.16 2593.978 6.791 0.82 2443.05 2590.832 7.471 2.44 2758.20 741.040E-03 1.359 6.892 1. Spec.042 0.209E-03 1.74 2529.425 2.017 1.347 0.102 2.11 2668.00 292.34 2510.004E-03 1.572 0.006E-03 1.13 940.85 2336.60 2599.091 2.893 0.397 1.96 313.18 828.03 895.251 6.027 6.98 1289.433 6.454 8.07 2603.01 461.08 2789.67 653.47 1525.66 167.336 5.78 990.50 2698.05 1444.085E-03 1.506 18.086 0.470 6.012E-03 1.12 2436.011 0.270 0.001 0.92 440.07 2600.94 104.499E-03 1.86 2595.68 589.623 5.095 0.065E-03 1.771 0.52 2512.90 2740.038 0.010E-03 1.05 2402.378 2.433 8.842 14.055 0.577 9.102E-03 1.586 6.62 966.121 0.219E-03 1.396 6.893E-03 2.48 524.54 2601.30 2746.Interna (L) (V) (L) E.159 3.32 740.307 1.88 376.891 1.052E-03 1.000 0.505 0.99 62.77 146.83 675.36 2518.354 8.98 83.59 2768.04 20.567 15.508 6.09 272.141E-03 1.342 3.03 292.30 230.19 251.537 5.22 1085.73 610.199E-03 1.166 8.496 6. E.19 653.992 7.50 2720. Spec.37 2749.002 0.047 0.45 2603. T [C] 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 135 140 145 150 155 160 165 170 175 180 185 190 195 200 205 210 215 220 225 230 235 240 245 250 260 270 280 290 300 310 320 330 340 350 360 370 Press.955 1.98 41.239 7.408 7.273 19.022 0.49 2752.008E-03 1.43 209.15 2546.33 2713.60 2618.292 12.884 6.551 3.613 7.70 2797.001 0.701 2.058 9.331 2. Vol.82 2586.704 0.174 0.984 1.668 8.007 0.858 5.634 1. Vol.44 875.19 1670.54 2500.413 2.192 1.57 2564.044E-03 1.95 419.88 334.109 6.448 3.217E-03 vg [m3/kg] 206.08 2568.208 5.270 12.188 2.561E-03 1.90 1331.002E-03 1.03 897.437 0.143 0.92 2538.17 631.070E-03 1.04 20.97 546.992 2.853 11.060 0.51 2580.41 2494.173E-03 1.966 25.46 503.144 6.45 1278.97 41.16 2396.232 0.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) p [MPa] vf [m3/kg] ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 0.509 0.020 0.547 6.151 0.020E-03 1.283 2.001 1.85 2691.92 2409.75 920.029E-03 1.87 125.48 2450.058 3.55 2519.30 2643.89 2559.700 0.127E-03 1.930 6.893 0.002 5.031 0.73 1009.030 0.198 0.075E-03 1.134 1.138 3.41 2804.97 2803.003 0.180 6.475 0.05 1344.058 0.067 3.164E-03 1.884 2.307 0.084 57.258 8.078 7.036E-03 1.586 78.36 1184.34 588.90 397.07 2352.686 5.43 1844.90 2419.09 2456.61 829.16 2464.832 2.676 147.86 125.61 943.29 2796.31 1641.64 2802.99 62.023E-03 1.31 230.07 2683.95 2660.98 83.528 1.112 9.084 0.121E-03 1.16 763.667 6.07 2547.638E-03 1.229E-03 1.47 2564.91 334.313 0.683 7.794 6.065 0.253 1.130 7.640 21.24 2782.20 251.617 0.747 2.010 0.778 3.000E-03 1.721 1.05 2793.38 1128.915 4.59 2423.705 5.842 1.99 2706.14 2763.012 0.077 7.009 0.90 1725.000E-03 1.912 43.64 2463.013 0.50 1235.518 2.181E-03 1.31 1061.002 0.11 272.37 2430.08 2592.05 2554.30 567.902 8.581 1.215 6.25 2565.12 610.236 2.302E-03 1.007 0.060E-03 1.970 4.276E-03 1.793 2.72 986.86 963.61 1037.782 8.016 0.38 1177.656 2.003E-03 1.11 2523.545 7.76 2773.001E-03 1.86 696.42 209.047E-03 1.404E-03 1.84 355.28 482.94 104.639 0.005 uf [kJ/kg] -0.416 7.564 2.090E-03 1.032E-03 1.297 0.646 3.36 2666.708 6.83 397.70 2499.49 2727.99 1387.243 0.16 2602.480 7.67 2651.157 9.039 0.54 188.251E-03 1.015 1.82 376.552 1.027 8.93 313.323 6.626 6.36 850.910 7.108E-03 1.943 1.57 2506.72 546.184 7.134E-03 1.001 0.149E-03 1.41 2604.831 0.366E-03 1.20 1056.29 2574.669 0.213 5.20 2592.60 0.367 0.54 697.194 0.105 0.211 1.82 2635.62 1760.56 2576.000E-03 1.273 0.54 188.442 5.38 2597.056E-03 1.86 2779.122 1.686 6.687 1.675 1.89 355.33 719.52 918.287 6.77 146.073 6.169 0.01 2604.401 106.096E-03 1.253 3.588 7.473 1.26 2626.026 0.62 632.13 482.025 0.070 0.29 2803.75 2766.97 852.47 2501.87 2375.35 1227.27 -0.418 1.768 0.77 2482.447 0.036 0.23 2604.349 3.006 0.316 2.21 785.69 524.415 0.740E-03 1.018 0.27 1570.042 2.080E-03 1.57 1505.355 7.70 1080.75 2528.18 2563.056 4.65 2778.66 2539.296 7.546 2.190E-03 1.25 2583.29 2733.905 2.35 1134.361 0.015 0.03 1401.017E-03 1.25 2803.076 0.09 806.217 0.

587 6.59 604.20 2784.01 2375.13 1154.345 2.527E-03 1.98 226.36 2533.194 0.47 828.341 6.39 742.391 0.59 1843.27 159.036 0.215 0.000 5.58 2550.15 2609.861 2.087 1.100 0.77 342.711E-03 1.150 8.65 2506.310 5.17 2597.000 0.05 2778.77 1213.400 1.93 373.106 5.82 670.500 4.31 2294.83 73.99 908.0030 0.16 2797.04 2662.40 1531.650 0.58 181.489E-03 1.26 133.91 2544.28 743.99 226.027 0.85 2501.755 0.80 1.139 2.02 60.26 2758.18 417.258 6.399 2.002E-03 1.0007 0.69 129.650 5.98 89.743 5.63 0.213E-03 2.54 96.55 2430.577 0.000 18.32 1690.269E-03 1.82 561.63 1571.47 175.93 376.15 2466.37 1890.03 121.0020 0.22 504.475 8.578 8.96 168.093E-03 1. Vol.99 376.41 54.976 8.008 0.95 2790.03 195.58 359.68 340.600 0.108E-03 1.26 45.110 4.372 5.000E-03 1.430 3.050 0.11 2547.252E-03 1.312 0.46 2794.11 361.932 1.26 1548.24 14.0035 0.930 5.81 2670.92 3.33 2514.60 137.110 0.01 15.029 0.60 88.020 5.039 0.46 224.18 112.994 3.21 1491.030E-03 1.477 0.26 347.60 1205.423 0.91 29.139E-03 1.68 10.318 9.000 4.233 1.98 1177.01 8.261 0.28 1610.694 1.55 2543.000 3.55 2583.01 13.06 17.30 2724.35 317.27 2476.073E-03 1.0015 0.004 uf [kJ/kg] -0.039E-03 1.49 1116.000 Temp.54 2404.22 87.025 4.418E-03 1.463 0.020 0.91 29.61 2706.29 2554.92 2675.672 1.22 2603.Interna (V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) T [C] vf [m3/kg] ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 0.992 6.55 2798.807 4.832 0.40 2600.067 0.41 1184.Interna (L) (V) (L) E.94 242.71 2725.014E-03 1.360 7.26 1827.66 111.009 7.74 99.058 0.00 15.889 5.384E-03 1.685 3.500 5.008 0.920 2.67 285.58 143.0040 0.73 2588.10 251.006 0.30 2567.07 2483.000 22.500 6.05 275.018 0.88 906.13 2339.044 0.053E-03 1.127 6.48 467.909 7.27 604.41 54.61 561.530 1.080 0.63 2569.56 2529.020 0.02 8.303 1.115E-03 1.126 6.732 2.94 2557.36 2636.45 2561.04 233.800 0.0025 0.611E-03 1.82 1622.49 2600.974 5.107 9.44 257.89 165.58 1699.095 2.480 7.026 1.033E-03 1.121E-03 1.79 2589.594 7.79 1363.93 1087.070 0.024 0.77 330.0075 0.547 a-6 .79 405.96 168.163 0.72 1585.71 697.58 467.777 1.124 0.141 0.02 2393.000 2.73 2432.76 391.975 3.041E-03 1.003E-03 1.08 2665.09 303.036E-03 1.726 2.54 289.67 39.18 112.375 0.567E-03 1.24 2774.19 212.71 29.00 32.92 40.64 1393.008E-03 1.230 3.365 2.71 405.433 5.24 2525.91 2489.56 1777.37 2603.93 2233.013 0.31 1004.94 191.663 6.55 2660.13 882.12 24.83 2580.50 2789.62 2094.032 0.724 8.316 0.200 1.78 2468.149E-03 1.016 0.200 0.047 2.38 721.010 0.022E-03 1.79 2625.41 357.0050 0.01 762.00061 0.88 640.453E-03 1.86 797.600 1.841E-03 1.179 5.14 2026.623 3.87 2584.80 7.177E-03 1. p [MPa] 0.66 2803.168E-03 1.60 720.016 4.395 8.05 696.523 8.207 3.56 2540.469 6.70 2529.87 2508.29 2803.52 2498.555 2.670 7.67 1966.000 12.98 884.47 2572.870 1.03 121.98 93.94 191.61 1082.26 2593.797 2.493 5.53 21.94 1660.62 2561.400 0.241 2.861 1.771E-03 1.700 0.285 2.99 798.017E-03 1.50 1122.95 336.91 295.37 85.89 158.83 73.99 962.000E-03 1.496 3.057 0.34 45.561 3.90 2513. Vol.57 2437.646 2.101E-03 1.05 2598.86 2705.060 0.015 0.42 179.93 2596.47 352.252 8.99 2455.59 365.302E-03 1.043E-03 1.606 0.86 369.61 101.01 54.500 0.127E-03 1.004E-03 1.21 2174.000 11.48 34.061E-03 1.100 0.56 289.0010 0.72 1350.17 324.51 2772.45 2408.011 0.360 3.146 1.828 8.886 0.37 2399.67 151.900 1.000 15.13 2742.434 1.746 3.70 1650.95 188.43 311.159E-03 1.53 2574.050 0.944 1.69 1450.039E-03 2.000 9.40 1407.57 2576.12 2519.47 2477.007 0.77 2756.85 2496.027 3.43 1740.217 2.800 2.000E-03 1.03 270.872 3.010 0.380 6.22 2804.000 19.026E-03 1.896 6.000 21.62 2494.02 2338.814 5.11 69.223 7.090 0.760 6.12 26.97 1045.99 67.121 3.42 1147.84 830.769 7.808 3.45 639.72 2599.62 1049.60 137.83 391.66 1786.40 120.06 504.435 7.091 1.070 6.27 2799.46 2637.85 54. Spec.658E-03 1.08 2412.63 359.300 0.235E-03 1.270 1.28 417.000 17.159 0.52 264.84 2610.96 2448.000 10.150 0.614 5.993 2.01 170.80 2456.080 0.83 2645.246 5.010E-03 1.16 1316.273 0.00 761.940 4.003E-03 1.91 81.20 19.72 340.90 2763.708 6.45 207.001E-03 1.11 2415.677 5.058 8.80 2685.57 2412.000 16.084E-03 1.000 14.61 88.766E-03 vg [m3/kg] 206.09 318. E.08 251.821 6.87 2581.286 3.351E-03 1.49 858.17 1433.000E-03 1.37 670.11 2405.23 2420.70 1305.62 101.926E-03 2.106 0.35 2504.33 2377.319E-03 1.52 1267.84 1473.15 75.0008 0.395 7.82 2784.355 0.930 4.80 28.02 7.68 1732.88 857.448 2.000 8.422 6.62 2553.187 6.030 0.63 959.040 0.192 1.87 2580.92 2592.643 8.524 6.000 7.38 2738.83 2602.001E-03 1.000 1.88 2510.553 5.157 9.59 2801.000 20.286E-03 1.240 0.005 0.61 1257.95 2653.009 0.53 2693.000 13.12 201.25 2604.08 1511.532 7.82 2502.58 2385.01 1.196 0.38 317.87 -0.Appendici Acqua Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della pressione Press.54 2375. Spec.005E-03 1.197E-03 1.62 2748.500 3.217E-03 1.13 2794.65 250.98 2380.014 0.10 2545.623 6.60 2769.30 1008.

96 2676.45 3484.058 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.52 3177.17 3479.026E-03 3.033 8.75 3132.56 3381.374 7.820E+00 5.59 3274.83 3663.88 3702.264E+00 1.596E-01 1.312 7.37 3046.16 105.52 2964.000 0.01 [MPa] T v 3 Tsat = u 45.044E+01 2.25 313.64 314.834 8.24 2659.307 1.55 4157.284E+00 5.17 503.183E+01 2.35 2587.385 8.24 2585.69 2806.129E+00 2.012E-03 1.39 313.55 3215.568E+01 3.406E+00 2.53 2721.46 3390.34 3074.88 2608.48 2576.75 4159.12 2804.475E+00 -0.279 7.043E-03 1.88 3300.52 4158.40 2731.367 0.98 3129.58 2782.94 3130.90 3049.673E-01 7.953E+01 -0.22 2716.76 3215.49 3278.356 8.74 3485.80 3388.450 9.015 1.337E+01 3.09 2654.015 7.66 3926.259E+00 4.99 3071.06 3596.14 209.589 8.06 2964.015 1.60 3069.777 8.063 8.057E+00 8.013 9.183 8.031 7.06 2877.106E+01 3.199E+00 1.51 2965.2 [MPa] Tsat = 120.3 [MPa] Tsat = 133.83 209.043E-03 1.012E-03 1.24 4158.89 3131.95 0.033 8.000E-03 1.639E+00 2.003E-03 1.706 8.62 2615.61 2541.33 2889.109E+00 1.340 9.076E+00 4.03 104.39 2816.4 [MPa] Tsat = 143.161 10.777 8.981E+00 9.05 209.000E-03 1.96 2812.97 3593.507 7.94 3488.96 3662.12 2968.026E-03 1.05 419.97 3927.08 2819.46 3278.37 3705.222 8.969 9.030 8.53 2977.26 3663.547 8.898 8.019 9.704 1.82 2796.12 0.026E-03 1.216 8.72 0.70 2860.32 3076.21 0.475E-01 1.781E+00 1.797E+00 4.191 8.86 209.952E+00 -0.00 2875.176 7.419E+00 1.57 3704.37 3131.565E+00 3.012E-03 1.897E+00 2.13 419.367 0.237E+00 -0.73 3815.27 3216.24 3478.62 3928.29 313.433E+00 1.87 2592.491E+01 4.68 4158.898 10.73 0.42 3378.75 2870.187E+00 1.Appendici Acqua: Liquido compresso e vapore surriscaldato.20 3928.3 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.04 104.064E+00 1.28 2735.47 314.221 9.704 1.12 4157.51 2544.708E-01 4.95 3216.65 2976.580 8.078 7.63 3273.834 8.36 105.209E+00 6.496E+00 1.026E-03 1.54 3276.889E+00 4.12 3382.76 2760.49 2598.307 1.549E+00 1.930 7.172E+00 2.1 [MPa] Tsat = 99.05 2646.873 8.46 2725.09 2661.74 2810.000 0.47 2970.53 3176.83 2726.139E-01 7.924 a-7 .10 503.695 7.003E-03 1.53 0.69 2768.57 2639.341E+00 1.548E-01 7.55 2967.015 7.513 8.98 2811.82 418.885 H2O p = 0.672E+00 7.566 7.103E+00 3.031E+00 2.69 2968.42 0.89 503.86 503.23 3279.812E+01 1.121E+00 1.87 0.04 104.23 3302.99 3379.487E+01 1.049 8.260E+01 4.94 3928.665E+00 1.003E-03 1.52 3383.64 2537.940 8.307 1.75 2612.596E+00 8.008E+00 1.379 7.32 2865.371 8.54 3046.32 3927.467 7.964E-01 8.73 3479.284 10.80 3173.098 9.63 3596.281 9.608E+00 3.83 2752.904E+00 -0.015 1.799E+01 4.418 9.29 2582.81 2809.696E+00 1.27 313.100 9.25 503.013E+00 2.043E-03 1.45 2570.403 10.726E-01 8.23 3389.21 419.936E+00 2.04 104.650E+00 -0.00 3075.90 3382.864 9.40 3662.29 313.45 3489.05 [MPa] T Tsat = 81.11 3815.793E+00 1.30 3488.04 104.000E-03 1.702 7.97 3814.56 2886.519E+00 8.753E-01 9.893 8.541 9.28 2974.78 3703.000E-03 1.85 209.244E+00 2.17 3066.158 8.6 °C H2O p = 0.032 10.361 7.536E-01 1.311E-01 8.01 104.342E-01 5.41 2564.7 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.38 3389.01 3705.24 313.90 3592.171 7.966E-01 5.000 0.080E+00 1.50 3302.75 3169.86 -0.699 8.901 9.21 3814.70 2885.23 3388.45 3813.720E+01 1.47 3663.66 2728.67 3703.23 2808.44 3049.29 0.96 2966.29 3175.87 2617.367 0.875E+01 3.339E-01 6.02 3129.951E+01 2.000E-03 1.565 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.738 7.95 3389.74 3478.000 0.24 209.951E-01 6.543 8.603E+01 1.26 105.060E-03 9.028E+00 4.747E+00 6.289 9.448 8.608 9.90 3301.86 209.893E-01 9.86 0.86 2506.58 2776.62 2515.537 8.414E+01 2.17 3213.000E-03 1.92 2682.80 2603.55 0.91 209.356E+00 4.155 9.175 8.367 8.012E-03 1.003E-03 1.026E-03 1.55 3300.527 7.704 1.41 2888.82 2884.645E+01 2.07 2889.713 8.99 2821.456 8.628 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.060E-03 6.029E+01 4.327 8.871E+00 3.527 6.003E-03 1.96 2687.86 2443.245 H2O p = 0.904 9.709 7.316 8.64 3663.418E+00 3.012E-03 1.060E-03 4.96 2803.003E-03 1.85 2734.490E+00 4.10 3595.04 3594.34 313.693 8.83 503.367 0.648 8.23 3301.25 3477.89 2658.316E+00 1.704 1.47 2879.41 3816.613 7.88 2479.000 0.688 8.96 3214.4 °C v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.704 1.84 209.460 8.006E+00 1.04 104.06 104.163E-01 7.334E+00 3.02 3487. H2O p = 0.14 2650.87 2511.134E+00 7.98 3479.517 7.528 7.62 2780.05 2733.96 209.70 3047.80 418.797 7.705 7.9 °C h H2O s p = 0.325 8.367 0.56 314.032E+00 1.7 °C H2O p = 0.04 104.86 3048.84 418.40 2967.757 9.660 9.28 3171.832 9.000 0.

80 209.40 3811.70 504.241E-01 3.0 [MPa] Tsat = 180.36 3149.13 631.12 3583.841 2.44 3161.03 3044.17 2959.51 718.16 4154.66 3263.50 3257.931E-01 3.76 209.823E-01 2.35 3209.693E-01 1.747 6.42 718.032 7.114E-03 1.24 3661.80 0.367 0.114E-03 2.5 °C H2O p = 1.91 2709.71 503.899 8.66 3696.000 0.23 2872.726E-01 5.025E-03 1.79 210.945 8.015 1.195E-01 3.136 7.92 0.762 7.17 2869.27 3476.44 3365.608E-01 2.339E-01 3.33 314.38 2960.92 2882.46 105.26 2782.9 °C H2O p = 0.182 7.37 3213.816 7.002E-03 1.391 8.267 8.916 7.025E-03 1.085E-01 7.04 104.29 419.953 7.742E-01 5.65 3271.33 3808.08 3700.10 3294.23 717.85 504.17 3125.841 2.859 8.344E-01 4.76 3591.258 8.60 2963.16 314.066E-01 3.703 1.306 1.16 210.223 8.572 7.4 [MPa] T Tsat = 195.520E-01 3.45 3383.67 3368.66 3387.16 3157.618 7.724 7.38 631.116 8.85 0.090E-03 1.73 3208.703 1.28 3480.043E-03 1.11 1.188 8.03 104.77 105.433E-01 4.51 3036.15 2878.34 3121.529E-01 5.75 418.20 3045.43 3922.367 0.62 418.27 631.19 0.06 631.015 1.087 8.038 7.527 1.23 3040.043E-03 1.13 2952.21 2789.09 2698.579E-01 2.64 3165.81 3153.17 105.794 7.06 3128.465 7.67 418.633 7.003 8.575E-01 8.99 4156.548E-01 2.31 2827.060E-01 2.79 209.535E-01 3.67 0.69 3064.08 3387.841 2.226E-01 5.137E-01 5.0 °C h H2O s p = 1.012E-03 1.60 3260.75 2704.97 2603.79 2642.327E-01 2.635E-01 1.923E-01 2.000E-03 1.181E-01 -0.114E-03 1.603 7.87 3809.01 3925.002E-03 1.138E-01 2.943 8.729E-01 4.61 2587.060E-03 1.34 631.871 7.303 7.91 632.703 1.24 3124.87 2855.527 1.245E-01 -0.012E-03 1.476 8.20 3167.98 3701.003E-03 1.472E-01 8.478E-01 4.69 3813.77 503.91 2935.003E-01 2.22 313.090E-03 3.012E-03 1.12 632.53 419.86 2942.10 3127.84 3377.060E-03 1.28 3699.54 632.367 0.57 105.09 2612.02 3045.40 503.819 6.1 °C v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.060E-03 1.27 3475.212 7.13 2957.528E-01 -0.310E-01 5.343 a-8 .737 H2O p = 0.87 2801.301 7.42 209.306 1.748E-01 2.676 7.29 3122.06 3476.80 1.505E-01 8.060E-03 1.029 8.043E-03 1.351E-01 2.546 7.000 0.015 1.5 [MPa] Tsat = 151.82 314.002 8.841 2.27 3473.896E-01 -0.57 3212.015 1.003E-03 1.67 3478.000 0.352 8.744E-01 5.46 3295.920E-01 6.30 3040.000 0.090E-03 3.843E-01 4.Appendici H2O p = 0.29 3585.367 0.96 3211.37 419.090E-03 1.42 4156.511 8.603 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.527 1.367 0.060E-03 1.002E-03 1.29 4155.942E-01 4.01 2881.2 [MPa] T v 3 Tsat = u 188.55 504.21 3299.415 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.026E-03 1.51 719.77 418.82 209.13 2962.003E-03 1.740 7.498 6.26 2949.89 4153.97 105.55 0.05 0.02 104.000 0.043E-03 1.041E-01 8.20 2789.590 6.776E-01 4.271 7.708 7.694 6.041 6.143E-01 3.011E-01 4.84 3694.53 2803.46 3587.61 3589.999E-04 1.51 2802.943E-01 -0.03 104.012E-03 1.63 719.969E-01 9.133 8.02 4153.544E-01 3.813 7.090E-03 1.18 3297.701E-01 6.58 418.32 2785.018E-01 5.041 6.114E-03 2.19 2957.60 503.6 [MPa] Tsat = 158.025E-03 1.82 3296.05 3924.138 8.995E-04 1.77 209.703 1.842 6.139E-01 4.93 3386.249E-01 4.409 7.527 1.541E-01 3.76 719.66 2592.015 1.26 3375.998E-04 1.026E-03 1.233 7.02 104.0 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.92 2723.377 8.33 2927.20 631.67 3270.997E-04 1.173E-01 6.821 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.09 313.71 418.83 3591.925 7.26 632.306 1.367 0.697E-01 7.304E-01 3.17 3061.8 [MPa] Tsat = 170.996E-04 1.21 313.043E-03 1.01 420.83 209.20 2621.33 718.457 7.42 2815.26 3477.703 1.33 209.500 H2O p = 1.08 3373.526 1.87 3482.38 106.61 209.98 210.109E-01 7.32 503.642E-01 7.825E-01 3.16 3483.53 3662.61 3384.842 6.938E-01 4.11 3920.93 3812.36 3925.31 2630.042 6.377 7.996 8.54 503.10 3661.521E-01 2.62 2715.17 2954.090E-03 1.98 0.00 504.345E-01 2.531 7.867 8.92 2720.43 3474.99 314.73 314.123 7.060E-03 1.98 3056.527 1.03 104.860E-01 3.98 632.91 3038.27 3474.15 313.69 419.47 2797.47 3697.043E-03 1.068 8.50 3659.595 8.012E-03 1.245E-01 4.83 2850.12 313.53 3299.154 8.69 3267.829 7.37 2638.000 0.946E-01 3.63 3659.309E-01 6.11 3207.9 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 1.37 3660.74 3923.703 1.85 419.012E-03 1.306 1.372 7.460 7.178E-01 2.273 8.21 2839.39 719.89 3370.118E-01 -0.027E-01 3.601E-01 6.67 3042.40 632.966 7.306 1.059 7.430E-01 1.691E-01 2.18 313.51 315.306 1.66 503.80 503.015 1.026E-03 1.258E-01 3.75 3477.042 6.92 2793.60 3051.48 0.79 3807.17 0.77 3385.22 2875.

01 2750.011E-03 1.57 2851.49 630.61 3653.82 2945.972E-01 -0.157 7.175 7.26 3471.74 1.996E-01 2.014 1.593E-01 1.91 631.84 630.97 3247.673 6.03 2855.890E-02 1.571 7.873E-02 6.287 6.688E-01 1.64 211.025E-03 1.156E-03 1.001E-03 1.85 4143.840 7.66 2738.83 3145.746E-01 1.6 [MPa] Tsat = 201.88 3564.177 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.96 633.000 0.162E-01 1.086E-01 -0.304 1.88 316.154E-03 5.07 3372.41 853.84 2862.42 502.054 8.72 717.75 720.68 632.06 2950.525 1.985E-04 1.482 7.26 3230.525 1.01 104.562 7.79 849.041 2.85 313.96 2947.12 3381.22 502.058E-02 8.01 3456.330 6.400E-01 1.658 6.75 4152.29 3350.99 106.011E-03 1.299 7.500E-01 2.703 1.994E-04 1.93 3196.14 3908.49 3569.15 3803.884 7.42 1.060E-03 1.878 7.024E-03 1.043E-03 1.41 3117.47 3104.418E-01 1.366 0.5 °C H2O p = 2.56 2644.61 3357.86 850.72 211.01 3657.60 208.02 0.175 6.684 7.35 3690.31 316.113E-03 1.75 852.76 3580.088E-03 1.992E-04 1.7 °C v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.155E-03 7.512E-01 1.990E-04 1.113E-03 1.014 1.90 420.56 2761.281 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.15 504.21 3034.05 3573.17 420.114E-01 1.80 3471.38 3015.79 3919.89 3657.95 3380.62 2902.040 2.921 7.114E-02 9.305 1.Appendici H2O p = 1.703 1.76 2993.59 2772.95 717.83 505.11 3682.237 7.090E-03 1.0 [MPa] Tsat = 212.15 3469.678E-02 8.821E-01 1.73 209.20 505.367 0.67 630.402E-01 1.367 0.0 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.839 2.703 1.039 2.76 3020.526 1.005 7.04 3025.45 504.27 2781.042E-03 1.255E-01 1.60 3.323 7.45 418.621 7.35 3796.305 1.025E-03 1.305 1.74 209.156E-03 1.46 2686.201E-01 1.50 420.71 421.10 3034.87 3.49 3467.07 3008.393 7.21 3202.94 2662.636 7.86 852.641E-01 0.02 104.58 106.52 3288.74 3192.508 7.15 3917.83 3914.03 313.828 7.386E-01 1.042E-03 1.179 7.75 850.497E-01 1.113E-03 1.596 7.68 853.840 2.22 3141.113E-03 1.20 3466.432 7.328 6.539 6.446 6.367 0.19 3691.04 2866.02 634.30 3103.114E-01 2.49 3911.114E-03 1.526 1.586E-01 1.85 3204.31 633.993E-04 1.16 3450.08 502.14 852.059E-03 1.74 3468.329 6.301E-01 1.013 1.98 3290.685E-01 1.482E-01 2.038 2.00 104.132E-01 1.053E-01 2.063E-01 1.840 2.14 717.48 502.375 7.042E-03 1.29 3382.059E-03 1.34 420.61 2692.35 210.002E-03 1.26 3799.434 7.742E-01 -0.000 0.702 1.484E-01 1.04 717.015 7.329 6.702 1.677 7.85 2939.270E-01 1.44 3112.647E-01 2.29 0.463 7.49 107.783E-01 1.127 7.936E-02 1.000 0.156E-03 8.324E-01 1.752 7.25 716.37 502.986 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.525 1.069 7.10 212.196E-02 9.8 [MPa] Tsat = 207.002E-03 1.01 3377.31 2679.011E-03 1.58 506.53 210.404E-01 1.011E-03 1.56 3578.33 2.025E-03 1.25 3337.64 3464.041 2.250E-01 1.5 [MPa] T Tsat = 242.64 208.35 849.48 717.002E-03 1.098E-01 1.30 421.98 631.85 315.467E-01 -0.00 107.002E-03 1.226 H2O p = 2.52 3282.82 0.072 H2O p = 3.22 0.94 3582.79 3462.058E-03 1.998 8.955E-01 2.49 418.88 719.000 0.089E-03 1.47 4150.28 2926.059E-03 1.284 7.059E-03 1.27 3472.05 2843.82 633.18 211.44 3678.31 630.02 3693.367 0.956 7.5 [MPa] Tsat = 224.232E-01 2.220E-01 2.06 313.01 104.22 3030.05 1.757 7.46 2919.088E-01 2.44 720.36 3254.203E-01 2.330 6.03 2776.82 3655.844 8.82 3126.01 104.336 7.539 7.949 8.545 6.13 719.014 1.45 315.75 3686.794E-01 3.73 3293.47 3918.07 849.67 208.757E-01 1.61 4151.011E-03 1.42 0.50 108.0 [MPa] T v 3 Tsat = u 234.918E-02 1.043E-03 1.546E-01 1.47 3023.57 2859.722 7.34 418.00 313.18 3362.82 2880.351E-01 2.244E-01 1.453E-02 9.053E-02 9.54 2910.94 502.305 1.20 2977.76 3658.23 2829.901E-01 2.838 2.0 °C h H2O s p = 3.71 209.823 7.987E-04 1.53 418.014 1.000 0.51 3136.607 6.84 3344.17 0.201E-01 1.40 3107.043E-03 1.840 2.2 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.38 3119.766 6.27 3471.67 2932.43 3116.06 720.78 106.408 6.526 1.61 4148.010 7.77 313.306 1.933 8.70 3804.92 313.00 2835.089E-03 1.367 0.23 418.234 7.840 7.156E-03 1.700E-02 9.68 315.839 2.36 3292.743 6.089E-03 1.842E-02 7.000 0.48 3205.406E-01 0.877E-01 1.914 a-9 .64 852.02 315.702 7.97 3029.002E-03 1.05 3375.63 850.083 7.644 6.331 6.011E-03 1.703 1.025E-03 1.5 °C H2O p = 1.74 4146.635E-01 1.19 3250.00 3222.025E-03 1.09 3199.352E-01 2.03 3285.19 2623.014 1.30 504.25 3805.67 3032.079E-01 1.67 633.40 3651.12 417.040 2.91 3360.090E-03 1.00 719.49 3115.02 104.112E-03 1.42 3793.808 7.25 3239.

739E-02 5.995E-02 3.Appendici H2O p = 4.525E-02 6.85 1085.836 2.700 1.024E-03 1.83 2988.74 3674.942E-02 7.665E-02 6.07 854.361 6.49 4123.59 3266.878 7.223E-02 4.90 3457.14 3540.481E-02 6.24 853.998E-04 1.69 1085.24 722.947E-02 3.058E-03 1.53 424.326 2.155 7.62 0.15 4137.01 108.96 853.788 6.847E-02 1.96 4141.94 3648.33 506.341E-02 8.55 715.321 2.59 2999.97 509.52 208.17 317.001E-03 1.366 0.705 6.93 3095.23 2789.362E-02 8.249E-03 4.96 506.64 1076.366 0.797 6.72 423.16 3433.702 1.66 500.51 848.73 634.330E-02 6.62 3639.84 2667.040E-03 1.837 2.817E-02 4.432E-02 3.11 312.389 7.87 0.234 7.000 0.15 6.091E-01 0.06 104.555 6.20 0.39 4.111E-03 1.089 7.32 2884.99 721.06 3444.35 2960.75 628.32 3138.111E-03 1.31 845.582 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.112E-03 1.04 112.00 3900.0 [MPa] Tsat = 264.71 3354.29 3521.26 312.89 3650.03 3642.512 7.18 855.850 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.976 7.78 716.69 3646.60 317.39 3448.302 1.029 7.51 109.930 6.94 501.03 104.838 2.214E-02 5.369 7.28 3769.010E-03 1.869E-02 8.009E-03 1.36 2878.05 3762.01 417.09 1079.46 1079.48 208.68 721.80 2913.228 6.309E-02 9.322 2.365 0.040E-03 1.304 1.565E-02 5.41 208.62 854.563 7.269E-02 9.010 1.009E-03 1.92 1075.33 2924.835 2.34 3882.0 °C H2O p = 6.11 8.109E-01 1.91 417.109E-03 1.40 3903.023E-03 1.744 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.53 3555.0 [MPa] Tsat = 275.84 3273.327 2.175 7.700 1.791 6.368E-02 7.790 6.65 1085.363 6.967E-04 9.94 2747.37 416.194E-02 5.56 208.08 3370.657 H2O p = 7.122 7.7 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.77 2966.70 313.325 2.23 3260.875 7.91 3359.65 3090.92 3082.40 2590.49 213.40 3195.301 1.89 3010.41 0.08 2697.030 7.94 3181.246E-03 2.000E-03 1.99 3279.13 4.013 1.22 501.44 629.96 629.765E-02 9.651E-02 8.33 2838.166E-02 5.08 3462.936 7.449 6.07 104.440 7.30 4132.64 7.348 7.68 3064.46 318.23 3559.151E-03 1.79 629.44 3213.160E-02 0.31 3530.53 3330.63 312.049E-01 1.61 2632.110E-03 1.68 2906.18 714.19 3301.24 3439.299 7.352E-02 8.523 1.927E-02 6.130 6.819 6.475E-02 7.333 6.885E-02 1.30 3004.15 2769.259 7.109E-03 1.153E-03 1.524 1.949 7.93 3073.324 2.16 416.95 2808.44 1085.37 720.884E-02 6.724 6.58 417.66 3316.023E-03 1.55 312.48 3786.541 6.208 6.11 421.423 7.000 0.41 847.769 6.32 0.0 [MPa] T v 3 Tsat = u 285.057E-03 1.02 104.42 3276.521 1.63 714.17 3894.02 109.01 3398.152E-03 1.037 2.088E-03 1.643E-02 9.058E-03 1.001E-03 1.78 3254.25 216.69 2863.037 2.03 110.366 0.79 502.17 3643.42 3776.17 3650.849E-02 9.41 214.012 1.811E-02 0.513 6.000 0.175E-02 4.28 3888.010E-03 1.02 104.582 6.14 630.51 3188.36 1077.012 1.30 3272.135E-02 5.1 °C v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.283E-02 6.781E-02 6.633 6.92 422.77 0.41 3016.011 1.616E-02 4.303 1.516E-02 4.086E-03 1.32 3159.0 [MPa] T Tsat = 285.024E-03 1.001E-03 1.857E-02 7.24 3445.45 3349.168 7.58 3204.63 2892.097E-02 0.10 628.32 319.620 7.837 2.56 212.522 1.090 7.311 7.010E-03 1.51 422.34 2826.08 3080.63 3658.66 2919.982E-04 1.96 848.056E-03 1.01 3670.972E-04 1.701 1.82 1080.4 °C H2O p = 4.783 5.719 6.67 3453.08 3287.77 3422.074E-02 7.303 1.244E-03 2.03 3158.646 6.980E-04 1.80 417.49 636.51 501.794 H2O p = 5.281 7.814E-02 5.65 5.27 1085.038 2.03 111.74 317.61 722.86 846.033 2.0 [MPa] Tsat = 250.845E-02 5.793 6.71 507.22 3174.25 3666.248E-03 3.301 1.51 853.058E-03 1.33 215.35 2725.40 312.517 a-10 .532E-02 5.57 2977.222 7.06 4139.54 3068.041E-03 1.78 3550.366 0.057E-03 1.645E-02 7.9 °C h H2O s p = 8.23 848.702 1.20 636.22 508.65 501.024E-03 1.03 3636.791 6.250E-03 5.35 2785.003E-02 8.01 2817.701 1.14 3099.840E-02 6.34 2943.042E-03 1.101E-02 6.5 [MPa] Tsat = 257.04 104.785 5.195E-02 5.49 3459.000 0.69 3092.35 3167.251E-03 5.034 2.087E-03 1.087E-03 1.088E-03 1.524 1.085E-03 1.283 6.02 716.022E-03 1.78 3905.067 6.521 1.000 0.33 208.99 3177.00 2987.366 0.993E-04 1.21 3042.66 3323.150E-03 1.37 634.154E-03 1.041E-03 1.524E-02 3.24 3185.981E-02 0.041E-03 1.000 0.79 635.09 715.26 208.03 213.08 634.448 6.426E-02 2.035 2.46 3789.47 507.71 2712.06 3410.962E-04 9.993E-02 4.009E-03 1.416E-02 4.833 2.48 3783.229E-01 0.497 7.34 424.18 320.03 3364.12 1085.977E-04 1.06 3367.880 7.86 723.021 7.013 1.213E-02 8.41 4128.5 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.153E-03 1.

09 104.148E-03 1.519 1.520 6.72 334.68 222.510 1.052E-03 1.77 1337.12 103.44 2975.959 6.05 517.671 6.41 499.051E-03 1.10 3060.73 3162.32 2923.01 1328.629 6.55 3448.40 2943.30 1645.23 844.952E-04 1.24 226.58 841.845E-02 2.57 2818.009 1.84 3062.68 412.16 0.139E-03 1.242E-02 2.11 207.50 1073.80 3341.307 2.00 10.Appendici H2O p = 10.20 103.97 428.929E-02 2.73 207.18 414.006E-03 1.829 2.26 514.00 123.05 114.385E-02 0.85 3373.71 857.94 3625.95 426.658 6.008 1.98 430.040 7.080E-02 2.32 3199.17 3039.48 510.226 5.39 639.17 641.93 862.756 6.869E-02 0.674 5.75 622.941E-04 1.176 6.65 3500.01 2844.80 705.0 [MPa] T v Tsat = u 365.142 5.50 [MPa] Tsat = 342.39 625.04 118.007E-03 1.83 1087.0 [MPa] u h s [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.680 5.05 437.47 1056.97 3611.28 2624.84 521.28 713.56 1339.54 3137.43 4103.000E-02 2.963E-04 1.506 1.75 3629.365 0.397E-03 2.73 1296.12 4069.297 1.210E-02 0.027 2.344E-03 1.95 3251.33 3017.82 311.042 6.46 0.18 325.712 6.299 1.904E-04 9.747 3.79 230.82 3601.818E-02 1.902 6.15 3604.62 638.721 6.005 1.67 3361.29 839.89 321.55 206.029E-02 3.70 4081.24 2692.134E-03 1.377E-03 1.000 0.37 3174.491E-02 2.76 1070.43 3574.102E-03 1.67 3310.361 0.036E-03 1.56 3241.04 1067.72 498.12 724.190 3.18 103.15 1662.006 1.55 116.000 0.9 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.248E-02 3.74 416.21 1623.96 3824.767 3.34 3840.079E-03 1.01 860.57 623.94 0.65 3491.0 [MPa] Tsat = 311.442 5.738E-02 0.096E-03 1.656E-02 1.975E-02 3.240E-03 1.93 17.98 709.881 6.98 1085.801E-02 3.017E-03 1.125 H2O p = 20.922 7.984E-04 1.51 834.36 1333.55 3104.09 217.141E-03 1.30 24.11 0.081E-03 1.48 3240.823 2.015E-03 1.07 3398.59 4047.96 224.272E-02 1.696 1.73 3208.01 837.678 6.9 C h H2O s p = 25.335 6.364 0.831 2.517E-02 1.8 °C T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.15 103.38 496.414E-02 1.90 842.107E-03 1.816 2.1 °C H2O p = 12.247 5.434E-02 2.33 3712.216 3.169 7.92 207.037E-03 1.30 3870.87 3191.68 308.70 3124.40 3324.48 1086.822 6.07 3730.940E-04 9.944 6.06 710.74 3475.5 [MPa] Tsat = 327.56 2430.232E-03 1.62 2826.100E-03 1.68 413.018 6.293E-02 2.018 2.587 6.41 3335.018E-03 1.228E-03 1.18 2942.40 3560.560E-02 2.67 732.32 328.272 6.59 2789.928E-04 9.09 3238.084E-03 1.97 3225.957 7.49 3386.03 15.762 3.303 2.024 2.597 6.90 708.29 1316.84 3109.103E-03 1.112E-02 1.10 500.70 414.17 2970.613E-02 2.113E-02 2.757 3.736 6.299E-02 2.78 20.38 309.32 647.05 12.27 2912.773 3.310 2.517 1.368E-03 1.54 3296.55 1311.162E-03 1.36 3748.140 6.16 711.292 1.24 3434.664E-03 9.078E-03 1.96 3620.36 206.16 3693.37 512.363 0.423 6.25 2806.29 2619.270E-02 1.36 1064.72 0.83 0.314 2.083E-03 1.143E-03 1.699 1.5 [MPa] Tsat = 354.942E-03 1.514 1.23 102.46 3422.274E-02 2.075E-03 1.360E-03 1.697 1.72 2879.00 432.45 330.005E-03 1.68 2884.17 2832.140 6.279E-02 3.30 855.07 627.344 6.003 1.03 2902.238 6.53 120.861E-02 3.821 2.08 2720.35 2699.665E-02 1.565E-02 1.69 725.512 1.021 2.106E-02 2.318 2.46 3156.000 0.047E-03 1.16 515.11 1612.000 0.055E-03 1.030 2.38 2740.358E-02 4.916E-04 9.86 728.19 2949.008E-03 1.18 3308.48 3537.42 1342.59 2520.87 1306.826 2.692 1.034E-03 1.874 7.39 3637.891E-02 0.28 727.04 323.641E-02 2.224E-03 1.04 3281.08 1085.16 1330.04 1335.880E-04 9.105E-03 1.680E-02 2.778 3.859E-02 0.050E-03 1.21 1632.920E-04 1.295 1.000 0.294 1.761 5.714E-03 1.63 3582.360 6.460E-02 3.21 415.50 3592.23 626.96 642.935 3 T v 3 a-11 .694 1.236 5.035E-03 1.387E-03 1.21 3393.57 859.11 1322.969E-02 2.204 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.245E-02 1.477E-02 1.05 3421.71 3274.40 3410.003E-03 1.543E-02 1.564E-02 3.236E-03 1.973E-04 1.59 3675.46 3855.146E-03 1.46 3021.51 2580.207 3.01 434.903 7.212 6.15 620.06 495.019E-03 1.004E-03 9.15 4092.217E-03 1.408 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.34 3045.000 0.736E-02 1.19 1085.35 3809.362 0.054E-03 1.74 644.505 6.61 1583.101E-02 4.71 3338.020E-03 1.147E-02 1.799 7.93 127.04 2685.363 0.001E-03 1.781 6.70 1061.79 3144.012 2.39 220.054 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.09 310.3 °C H2O p = 17.28 3083.14 858.40 3096.45 311.837E-02 4.054 7.952E-04 9.32 1086.698 1.598E-03 6.50 2996.728 5.419 6.99 205.554 5.46 730.05 497.297 H2O p = 1.288 1.523 6.74 310.49 3777.296 2.021E-03 1.54 4114.031E-03 1.000 1.462 6.039E-03 1.

59 3479.562E-02 0.252E-03 1.35 3100.008E-03 1.37 2178.15 553.58 618.26 204.742E-04 9.57 3221.58 2658.27 1325.11 2678.96 677.50 141.26 102.069E-03 1.10 100.95 3933.090E-03 1.60 3553.34 0.145 3.466E-03 3.93 3536.366E-02 1.13 1327.470 5.405E-03 1.975 2.98 338.345E-03 9.174 3.40 3124.914E-04 1.359 0.13 449.196 5.347 0.96 405.24 472.731E-03 2.01 693.37 3213.88 49.74 409.04 1914.505 3.72 167.344 5.68 3517.56 3247.66 58.90 300.47 346.96 3745.212 5.23 342.066E-03 1.86 487.412 4.64 809.042E-03 1.07 3189.19 3028.86 867.42 3520.18 -0.25 532.77 370.966E-03 7.95 819.782 1.87 865.063E-03 9.64 2525.66 2942.094E-03 9.356 0.790E-03 6.040E-03 1.126E-03 1.050E-03 1.0 [MPa] H2O p = 35.44 528.075E-03 1.36 303.442 5.010E-03 1.980 1.89 3616.87 2067.76 3290.007 2.766E-04 9.034 6.98 875.30 3441.98 3062.080E-03 1.441E-03 1.612 4.94 354.71 4024.12 1745.000 0.026E-03 1.013E-03 1.94 3713.30 3149.159 3.628 5.94 3598.473 3.974 1.75 1854.09 1560.0 [MPa] T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.973E-04 1.057E-02 1.92 685.66 2463.877 4.55 484.79 2122.307 3 T v 3 a-12 .953E-04 1.62 3681.690 0.017E-02 1.47 201.718 3.26 3364.83 239.120 3.301 6.70 410.932 5.328E-02 0.54 614.011 6.38 3081.093E-03 1.81 1608.26 1090.64 524.723E-04 9.153E-02 1.51 67.79 698.21 3151.73 1034.15 260.45 2965.05 99.307 4.36 2053.856E-04 9.82 1287.566E-03 1.89 1322.318E-03 1.941E-03 1.908E-03 3.030E-03 1.81 2861.819E-04 9.62 205.96 1597.478 1.33 243.035E-03 1.94 39.818 6.459E-03 0.73 1089.406 6.473 5.77 493.549 5.727 3.965E-04 1.58 4001.37 362.12 1713.020E-03 1.04 3395.029E-03 1.98 268.65 29.55 2672.65 1272.49 2763.91 650.66 305.08 831.58 0.270 1.633E-03 2.43 741.13 657.60 3230.32 1019.24 1874.32 306.173 5.839E-04 9.37 1042.470 1.08 441.240 2.893E-03 2.02 3093.05 2498.000E-03 1.072E-03 1.85 1096.90 2783.122E-03 1.737 3.527E-03 1.00 307.18 202.93 2896.52 3559.108E-03 1.256E-03 6.666 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.693E-03 5.64 1323.145E-02 1.976E-03 4.38 664.09 3346.001 2.358 0.33 2820.115E-03 1.263 1.411 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.502 1.71 754.965 2.87 870.90 3492.58 2563.101E-03 1.112E-03 6.32 482.670 3.68 136.48 3845.80 3061.25 1088.210E-03 1.903 6.32 234.277 1.681 0.75 700.251 2.778 6.75 703.801 1.701 3.069E-03 1.790 6.984E-03 8.076 3.19 2789.64 3441.529 h s H2O p = 60.330E-03 1.353 0.89 2390.Appendici H2O p = 30.198E-03 1.35 1246.176E-03 1.118 6.50 492.85 2512.34 1051.67 1503.000 0.000 0.85 0.027E-03 1.41 1843.748 5.087E-03 1.100E-03 4.39 1026.493 5.227E-03 3.932 4.70 814.50 546.54 2365.38 2619.735E-03 8.33 3978.15 2290.811E-04 9.985 1.37 1822.27 251.24 1930.65 3158.946 5.679E-03 1.186E-03 1.204E-03 1.90 1561.494 1.097 3.61 3889.350 0.318E-03 -0.463 6.46 1093.876E-04 1.085E-03 2.0 [MPa] H2O p = 50.12 3019.20 101.33 1528.961 6.272E-03 7.113 4.552E-03 2.31 1047.643 4.66 670.024E-03 1.927E-03 8.806 2.19 403.306E-03 1.02 1235.257 1.08 3283.10 445.14 1279.44 159.67 -0.40 2994.05 616.19 1258.791 1.773 1.957E-03 4.08 2821.06 2159.487E-03 1.40 825.166E-03 1.71 828.03 150.86 34.375 6.811 2.061E-03 1.84 607.118E-03 6.001 0.991 1.63 611.90 203.47 1482.055E-03 1.516E-03 2.260E-02 1.88 3177.263 2.688 0.11 302.04 747.91 2920.78 199.883 6.276 2.762 5.233 6.004E-03 1.289 2.268E-03 1.003 0.997 1.73 3022.25 101.745 H2O p = 40.286E-03 1.08 3335.96 1575.956E-03 3.44 1464.985 2.858E-04 9.542 4.0 [MPa] T v H2O u p = 70.833E-04 9.84 3309.672 0.12 1987.15 603.42 2151.996 2.283 2.88 3555.55 1566.39 689.74 2751.879E-04 9.90 735.012E-03 1.034 6.780E-04 9.58 1588.40 2869.152E-02 0.219 6.685 3.18 456.676 0.486E-03 3.016E-03 1.79 408.0 [MPa] T v u h s T v u h s [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m3/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.682E-04 9.833 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.19 1788.61 2283.25 102.82 132.375E-03 1.50 1322.622E-03 6.004 0.962E-03 6.205 6.172 5.48 886.22 464.83 2903.044E-03 1.650E-03 5.39 3443.14 1990.99 2567.84 1544.55 1324.52 654.588 5.994E-04 1.586 4.994 1.899E-04 9.27 490.16 738.71 2970.595E-03 6.130E-03 1.87 539.38 1100.281 1.44 760.082 6.892E-03 5.06 3275.0 [MPa] u h s [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0 25 50 75 100 120 150 170 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 800 9.003 4.727E-03 9.95 2720.076E-03 0.78 -0.284 1.498 1.685 0.645 5.835E-03 5.486 1.59 3403.49 401.18 880.561 6.

848 1.00146 0.4183 0.149 4.3304 0.8 640.8 221.00999 0.9172 0.4 571.267 4.7285 0.9 943.4 197.00164 0.00141 0.03787 0.086 2.3 443.00 -50.2421 0.00139 0.00194 0.00 -15.00144 0. Spec.492 5.2 870.1515 0.00 -25.6237 0.04880 0.017 3.155 1.2 705.4 1201 1208 1215 1222 1229 1235 1241 1248 1254 1259 1265 1270 1275 1280 1285 1289 1293 1297 1300 1303 1306 1308 1310 1312 1313 1313 1313 1313 1312 1310 1307 1303 1299 1293 1285 1276 1265 1251 1234 1210 1178 1121 -180.02606 0.00 -35.00160 0.555 1.028 5.00 90.387 1.3 341.0 599.00 -5.00175 0.690 4.23 -73.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] T [C] p [MPa] vf [m /kg] vg [m /kg] uf [kJ/kg] ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] -75.00140 0.3 609.00 60.1 243.445 a-13 .0 821.005 2.034 2.907 4.00150 0.6150 0.00173 0.00 80.8575 1.311 2.008 6.66 37.84 37.135 6.0 339.90 0.9972 1.00180 0.464 1.00137 0.6 -138.00155 0.49 -51.1901 0.6 -138.01174 0.00157 0.08310 0.3172 -0.7211 -0.000 0.2893 0.4157 -0.05554 0.0 130.9640 0.5087 0.3 245.964 4.00 -40.01360 0.8265 -0.117 5.4 658.927 5.949 3.710 4.000 10.892 7.00 30.760 3.1105 0.023 4.00138 0.9 293.5035 0.0 723.112 9.634 6.0 0.086 4.06335 0.323 4.6 150.5157 -0.443 14.436 2.02951 0.851 4.6 740.377 4.00 -70.430 4.706 3.2 469.7 -159.2 413.534 4.4176 0.3548 0.638 4.571 5.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 3 E.00 -10.233 1.616 2.00638 -180.61 -29.553 1.497 6.5 496.00149 0.0 120.628 2.2430 0.653 5.00170 0.490 2.7547 0.580 14.0 5.771 1.2054 0.00 -45.783 2.4 543.1492 0.7 391.1 758.00168 0.6 196.00 25.797 4.00145 0.539 2.00153 0.00 50.0 315.858 3.740 5.00 45.3466 0.01782 0.79 82.664 6.743 4.9 417.00226 0.0 490.6720 0.831 5.02027 0.00187 0.00279 0.617 1.Appendici R717 – Ammoniaca Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della temperatura Temp.2 438.8 127. Vol.00183 0.210 4.0 125.06134 0.55 -51.03342 0.007 1.00 -55.00202 0.09 104.832 6.00 40.2362 0.02300 0.658 2.03014 0.209 5. Spec.351 1.6 388.09563 0.1524 0.3 1297 1307 1316 1325 1334 1342 1351 1359 1367 1375 1382 1389 1396 1402 1408 1413 1419 1423 1428 1431 1435 1437 1440 1441 1442 1442 1442 1441 1438 1435 1431 1426 1419 1410 1400 1388 1373 1354 1331 1301 1260 1191 -0. Press.1746 0.5 843.0 268.255 6.369 6.45 105.00 85.59 -7.3 523.2 291.00162 0.00190 0.452 4.00 65.00 -60.2 151.00751 0.317 9.1250 -0.00 -20.00 75.1 908.8 220.482 4. Vol.0 115.3 -116.8364 0.00246 0.00828 0.6175 -0.00158 0.313 3.00 95.345 5.27 -73.00 -30.5883 0.00213 0.9 -95.217 0.00166 0.02189 0.01561 0.6 267.82 9.6 173.8 -95.00152 0.00235 0.5 797.167 1.0 317.253 2.248 6.25 59.6 580.276 5.0 105.00 15.07245 0.00 -65.9 779.083 5.09310 0.01562 0.00320 12.417 5.145 5.694 1.7717 0.4 672.2 128.6 551.00148 0. E.9 366.168 2.00142 0.578 8.05449 0.076 1.342 2.310 1.00207 0.970 10.00 100.003 1.586 4.00 70.0 516.2 363.2907 0.610 5.00219 0.5157 0.7 -159.926 2.2 628.50 82.1281 0.01094 0.00 20.0311 0.69 -29.04084 0.00178 0.3 -116.00198 0.541 1.142 4.04296 0.2203 -0.4294 0.637 3.02 59.00259 0.2 174.0 110.4 464.00 55.07169 0.00 35.5 690.943 3.1194 0.70 -7.

9 762.035 5.8169 0.00148 0.03049 0.00179 0.000 8.00156 0.3 42.133 2.00154 0.74 65 77.459 2.62 108.900 1.00201 0.00161 0.00148 0.2 141.3289 0.3094 0.8 645.201 2.505 4.325 0.400 2.137 6.505 2.9 126.04911 0.700 0.00228 0.000 7.606 4.00147 0.21 -23.00158 0.989 4.8 467.375 0.6 788.188 15.01882 0.2104 0.5 214.588 1.00145 0.652 5.113 4.040 0.823 1.00142 0.93 -35.783 4.08595 -0.475 5.5 170.00147 0.08 42.5279 0.893 5.00222 0.500 0.00206 0.82 65.00148 0.156 5.00149 0.08078 0.4 346.00192 0.22 -20.7429 0.03566 0.687 4.00249 0.881 4.00216 0.8 907.88 93.35 53.200 1.6 134.5946 0.404 4.234 5.0935 0.00152 0.00151 0.3541 0.895 3.00173 0.110 0.46 64.663 2.06 4.2503 0.2 719.708 3.00154 0.346 -3.500 7.3 542.100 0.61 -75.6 534.00724 uf [kJ/kg] -95.34 4.257 5.574 5.800 0.6564 0.01527 0.2 98.5565 0.00175 0.5 233.9 817.8 252.4976 0.4 658.07174 0.000 3.334 5.2203 0.434 1.8 142.5 323.01381 0.837 3.4061 0.030 0.9416 0.0454 0.1075 0.00181 0.624 0.600 2.062 2.5 388.2 631.200 0.9 458 473.167 4.8825 0.01132 0.1872 -0.7 564.140 0.28 4.120 0.746 6.86 88.68 -25.00211 0.00486 0.332 2.00145 0.24 -26.Appendici R717 – Ammoniaca Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della pressione Press.394 0.092 5.037 4.00298 3 vg [m /kg] 3.02 -31.7 234.4 791.1486 0.9 Vol.500 6.500 8.05844 0.267 2.68 -29.03071 0.49 -21.51 59.07 -58.5 321 344.00151 0.249 1.45 -37.00153 0.000 4.36 -9.00149 0.04217 0.3 125.00141 0.6926 0.8 17.8 109.732 4.05 56.225 0.2496 -0.Interna (V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 1229 1235 1240 1244 1247 1250 1253 1255 1258 1260 1261 1263 1265 1266 1268 1269 1270 1272 1274 1277 1279 1281 1283 1285 1286 1288 1293 1296 1300 1302 1304 1306 1309 1311 1312 1313 1313 1314 1313 1313 1312 1311 1308 1305 1300 1294 1288 1280 1272 1263 1253 1242 1229 1214 1197 1176 1150 -95.000 1.1 711.52 24.180 0.8307 0.7 76.285 13.624 5.4 215.00144 0.632 3.281 5.1738 0.13 -13.200 2.7 295.58 99.14 9.4 194.51 -1.35 15.5 815 842.9 30.6 407.091 1.35 -46.070 0.3105 0.645 4.2419 0.306 5.2625 0.2 E.679 2.841 4.000 10.041 0.226 -5.8 117.275 0.130 0.050 0.00155 0.1 441.1815 0.3 268.8 266.0015 0.400 0.080 0.66 -33.7331 0.57 4.95 88.7788 0.0923 0.3 767.600 1.69 36.800 2.511 5.7 695.56 -20.160 0.00171 0.800 3.060 0.300 0.6577 0.00168 0.431 0.9 619.947 4.38 -1.834 1.9 116.8 876.00185 0.170 0.00155 0.598 5.00234 0.256 1.00268 0.2 452.01 -58.1219 0.166 7.6 592.00164 0.3 509.4 297.4 844.591 2.25 41.775 3.34 48.4 112.59 -31.02 45.223 4.6 685.250 0.1285 0.402 1.0015 0.27 59.00196 0.66 -20.8904 0.02103 0.9 169.487 1.6 573.0125 0.3 122.312 7.04 108.1596 0.0534 0.36 49.27 -40.8 872.500 10.524 2.500 Temp.731 1.0028 0.02681 0.00177 0.28 22.00146 0.568 -1.316 1.54 97.190 0.85 21.175 1.4 385 403.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 vf [m /kg] 0.02365 0.04343 -0. Vol.541 a-14 .34 -44.89 102 105.4 743.4654 0.3 117.2 365.150 0.6 670.000 5.81 -22.7 502.9955 1.224 -7.5324 0.908 1.00257 0.434 5.000 2.00241 0.4 425.537 1.398 5.94 36.987 2.51 29.72 72.08 -50.951 3.06314 0.400 1.628 1.27 -44.531 5.4822 0.364 5.715 5.1 22.377 1.00143 0.752 5.600 0. Spec.85 -16.395 2.000 9.682 5.350 0.75 62.1976 0.0015 0.01023 0.7 29.3 88.1334 -0.4 78.00166 0.3765 0.0016 0.000 6.00187 0.957 5.793 5.49 36.908 4.56 54.2 119. T [C] -55.57 -75.7 437.2 127.584 1.5 250.11 -31.06445 0.493 5.00183 0.4172 -0.56 -10.9597 0.500 9.500 4. E.65 -11.9 368.01693 0.500 5.31 54 59.9 -28.7 603.00921 0.6 193.552 5.52 -43.4 126 134.537 4.5 1334 1342 1348 1354 1358 1362 1366 1369 1372 1375 1377 1379 1382 1384 1385 1387 1389 1390 1394 1397 1400 1403 1405 1408 1410 1411 1418 1423 1427 1430 1432 1435 1438 1440 1441 1442 1442 1442 1442 1441 1439 1438 1433 1427 1420 1412 1403 1393 1382 1370 1357 1342 1325 1306 1284 1259 1226 -0. p [MPa] 0.58 48.3511 0.324 -0.00163 0. Spec.174 1.839 5.475 4.4408 0.01 -18.138 1.090 0.1424 0.4 420.2 736.00823 0.44 -10.006 3.4 83.

924 6.0 170.00 80.925 1.00 90.88 0.00142 -73.052 1587 1798 6.46 -0.949 2.272 1.535 2.12 1.0 200.00 -30.06112 0.601 3.805 0.846 0.975 2.8022 1409 1570 6.0 200.0 10.8527 1444 1614 6.6193 1288 1412 5.00 40.999 7.8275 1427 1592 6.9028 1479 1659 6.912 1516 1707 6.700 2.00 100.688 1.806 2.392 1517 1708 6.00 60.795 1.00 50.126 1644 1869 6.665 1429 1596 6.0 150.0 p= 0.0 190.00148 14.192 3.72 -29.00145 -29.836 1363 1510 6.625 6.438 1.00 -40.49 59.365 1329 1465 6.00 30.691 6.0 150.946 3.002 1550 1751 6.0 120.880 6.00 40.63 -73.00142 -73.00 50.883 1665 1895 7.577 1571 1777 7.755 6.00 -30.864 2.863 1.0 10.96 1396 1553 6.349 R717 T [C] -50.00 70.00 -20.502 1.344 0.566 1396 1552 6.00 80.463 1.59 -0.749 1.00 20.077 1606 1821 6.0 160.863 1498 1685 6.103 6.0 190.257 1645 1871 7.00 40.303 1.583 1297 1424 6.940 6.0 110.00 70.61 14.899 a-15 .3172 5.0 140.158 1607 1823 7.7 -29.647 1314 1445 6.00 0.246 2.00 20.79 0.00 -30.6995 1341 1481 5.0015 59.198 1.490 R717 T [C] -50.00 -10.742 1.0 140.0 180.773 1347 1488 6.415 1346 1487 6.77 -29.00 20.083 2.00145 -29.644 0.2 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.00 -40.437 3.516 1379 1530 6.00 -20.203 2.1253 0.867 1.548 2.101 1625 1845 6.00145 -29.6732 1323 1458 5.242 0.028 3.00 100.298 2.0 140.00 50.515 1552 1754 7.916 2.110 3.0 10.0 180.0 110.0 200.00 30.00 100.00 90.764 1464 1640 6.00142 -73.371 1.226 7.0 190.057 7.0 200.618 2.1 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.9527 1514 1705 6.404 0.00 70.034 2.0 170.109 1589 1800 7.00 -20.71 1330 1467 6.00 -40.00 80.00 30.027 1569 1774 6.00 90.715 1446 1618 6.029 2.00 60.387 7.00 30.193 2.0 160.858 2.084 1430 1597 6.119 2.9278 1496 1682 6.84 1.764 3.0 150.688 1.3173 0.00 0.616 1412 1574 6.676 2.186 6.0 110.454 1264 1380 5.682 3.00 -10.47 1361 1383 1404 1426 1447 1468 1490 1511 1532 1554 1576 1597 1619 1641 1664 1686 1708 1754 1777 1801 1824 1848 1872 1896 R717 T [C] -50.48 -0.06 1570 1776 6.00 -20.170 7.699 1608 1824 7.519 3.085 1.898 1380 1531 6.00 70.847 1.139 2.280 7.334 7.24 s [kJ/kg K] -0.208 1464 1641 6.7768 1392 1547 6.577 1.00 100.00 90.00 60.798 2.9 0.342 6.0 120.151 1663 1894 6.782 2.818 6.0 160.00 50.233 1.00 40.188 2.084 2.919 2.0 190.022 0.09 0.Appendici R717 – Ammoniaca: Liquido compresso e vapore surriscaldato.06 u [kJ/kg] -73.0 180.466 1362 1509 6.628 1.00 -40.00 80.519 1281 1402 5.136 2.0 10.286 2.266 6.952 0.0 p= 0.00 -10.613 2.726 0.00 60.0 p= 0.283 0.0 160.0 p= v 3 [m /kg] 0.0 170.306 1665 1895 7.488 6.3176 0.208 1626 1847 7.0 120.814 1481 1662 6.7512 1375 1525 5.21 1279 1400 5.344 1.0 180.35 -0.269 1481 1663 6.557 0.557 6.16 1.011 1552 1753 6. R717 T [C] -50.0 140.822 1646 1871 7.125 1.439 7.0 110.7255 1358 1503 5.00 20.566 1.156 0.414 1.369 2.262 1296 1422 5.748 1.007 1.0 150.356 3.157 1262 1377 5.956 1.016 6.146 1447 1619 6.44 -0.57 -73.331 1499 1685 6.8778 1461 1637 6.314 1312 1444 6.482 2.022 1413 1575 6.00 0.416 6.0 170.00 -30.04 1.638 1589 1800 7.029 2.452 2.125 1.0 120.6465 1306 1435 5.22 0.3173 0.57 -0.00142 1.738 2.08 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.58 -73.00 0.00 -10.761 1627 1847 7.56 1249 1266 1282 1299 1315 1331 1348 1364 1380 1397 1414 1430 1447 1465 1482 1499 1517 1553 1571 1589 1608 1627 1646 1665 [MPa] h [kJ/kg] -73.633 1.

04 0.00 80.397 0.8 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.0 110.00 90.00 -10.0 120.64 -0.4166 0.2505 1378 1528 5.0 120.4172 0.00 -30.2653 1598 1810 6.353 0.0 170.4 105.00153 104.208 R717 T [C] -50.0 140.0 160.0 150.2524 1560 1761 5.99 -0.00164 243.5 0.416 0.0 140.3555 1601 1814 6.145 1362 1507 5.2717 1617 1835 6.5107 1566 1770 6.00147 14.556 R717 T [C] -50.00 30.00 -30.00 100.194 0.1569 1403 1560 5.96 0.0 190.17 -0.846 0.2059 1428 1593 5.0 130.Appendici R717 T [C] -50.13 -28.2164 1615 1831 5.934 0.1387 1341 1479 5.0015 59.3822 1385 1538 5.2403 0.2 60.757 0.0 200.14 -0.818 0.662 0.39 0.0 200.0 10.00 0.1258 0.00 70.3185 0.4981 1547 1746 6.511 0.732 0.06057 0.0 180.01 -29.4728 1511 1700 6.5 105.2867 1452 1624 5.00 90.2 105.587 0.00145 -29.6 0.00 70.00153 104.451 0.00 -30.0 180.2955 1470 1647 5.0 200.0 170.00 -30.3688 1367 1515 5.115 0.099 0.5 0.00142 -73.00 90.0 140.986 0.1268 0.2267 1654 1881 6.0 120.138 0.00157 150 151.025 0.2215 1634 1856 6.0 160.4 245.055 0.5732 1661 1890 6.2127 1447 1617 5.281 0.931 0.155 0.00 60.00142 -73.00 50.6 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.00 60.00 -10.5607 1642 1866 6.21 15.3 0.631 0.4601 1492 1676 6.2409 0.931 0.2689 1415 1576 5.3195 0.0 10.2 151.575 0.3955 1403 1561 5.7 0.0 110.72 0.3412 1330 1467 5.0 120.00 30.0 110.2195 1465 1641 5.2411 1359 1503 5.0 p= 0.0015 59.347 1582 1790 6.0 170.0 170.055 0.287 0.0 150.7 105.2111 1298 1425 5.784 0.3807 1659 1887 6.876 0.4473 1474 1653 5.55 0.0015 58.1955 1537 1733 5.4 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.06 -72.00 50.00 -40.132 1318 1450 4.142 0.00153 104.654 0.00 0.699 0.2397 0.1 0.00 40.1683 1442 1610 5.0 140.00147 14.0 160.875 0.0 160.05894 0.05 60.206 1576 1782 5.05948 0.2598 1396 1552 5.4 198 0.759 0.515 0.193 0.07 0.00 80.23 0.00 100.00147 14.0 10.00145 -30.00 80.00 -10.1 0.107 0.48 15.00 70.9 60.1794 1480 1659 5.0 190.1848 1499 1684 5.3639 1620 1838 6.00 30.95 0.00 0.00 50.343 0.5864 0.0016 196.7533 0.81 -0.5483 1622 1842 6.4 151.2589 1579 1786 5.00153 104.2781 1637 1859 6.1263 0.1739 1461 1635 5.1627 1422 1585 5.08 15.638 0.5877 0.353 R717 T [C] -50.00 -20.33 1544 1742 6.441 0.427 0.223 0.3181 0.0 190.2315 1339 1478 5.00 50.094 a-16 .327 1311 1442 5.00 -10.00 -20.6 197.00 0.442 0.00 60.046 0.8 -0.1901 1518 1708 5.00 30.00 20.151 1383 1534 5.0 180.372 0.082 0.3723 1639 1863 6.89 -29.0 p= 1 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.4086 1421 1584 5.2459 1541 1737 5.00145 -30.00157 150.34 59.3 0.2844 1656 1884 6.00157 150.25 -28.0 110.2778 1433 1600 5.101 0.345 0.00 -40.2007 1556 1757 5.0 10.51 0.252 0.3122 1291 1416 5.00 100.5358 1603 1818 6.2112 1595 1806 5.276 0.74 -73.5232 1584 1794 6.6 0.00 -20.00147 14.00 20.4216 1439 1607 5.565 0.3385 1563 1766 6.00 20.3042 1488 1671 5.00 80.1846 1370 1518 5.867 0.43 0.991 0.498 0.06003 0.319 0.585 0.247 0.4154 0.3 0.504 0.00 -40.0 180.97 -0.31 -0.00 90.00 -40.00 100.907 0.695 0.1614 1307 1436 5.0 150.00142 -73.194 0.4345 1456 1630 5.231 0.25 0.00 20.00142 -74.0 190.588 0.00145 -30.0 150.00 60.0016 196.0015 59.363 0.2414 0.85 -72.1989 1409 1568 5.2262 1484 1665 5.00 70.9166 0.2328 1503 1689 5.3 0.9 0.0 p= 0.0 p= 0.2215 1319 1452 5.754 0.801 0.1694 1329 1465 5.3128 1507 1694 5.1772 1350 1492 5.994 0.95 -72.00 40.41 0.3551 1349 1491 5.1919 1390 1543 5.0 200.00 -20.00 40.011 0.34 15.00 40.1273 0.

0 p= 4 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.06473 1315 1445 4.00 20.00 -30.Appendici R717 T [C] -50.212 0.8 1.0 140.00 -30.0 110.0 150.00 20.0233 1536 1723 4.00 -20.00 -40.995 0.00147 9.00233 719.0 120.519 0.018 0.00168 289.00 100.9 293.3 245.0 150.00 100.5 442.4 1.8 391.00 -20.00177 384.0 190.0016 195.00147 12.3 64.4 202.05623 0.00 60.8 0.5 154.09447 1520 1709 5.6 1.00 60.02346 1375 1516 4.0 150.376 0.467 0.56 0.946 0.9 604.8 1.7353 0.00 20.532 0.00 -10.72 62.8 107.6 0.4061 0.675 0.00159 193.03117 1311 1436 4.0 120.8 1.34 -0.3 1.00142 -74.00159 189.0 140.00 0.00 80.6 0.945 0.12 18.9048 0.0 10.0 190.047 0.064 0.00 -30.378 0.0 200.00 40.8 247.00144 -34.104 0.00187 478.2 0.1 152.89 65.00 80.0 110.4 0.153 0.4 200.221 0.03168 1543 1733 4.76 -0.8 294.02656 1438 1597 4.01432 1293 1407 4.4 391.0015 58.3 1.00 40.229 0.06875 1343 1480 4.858 0.02128 1481 1651 4.579 21.81 0.00176 381.00 70.01899 1419 1571 4.1349 0.64 110.1111 1642 1864 5.9 1.00 -40.00164 242.0 160.202 0.72 0.00171 332.00147 13.00 90.01767 1384 1525 4.878 0.02508 1408 1558 4.84 0.0 200.4 0.14 -0.056 0.09157 1499 1682 5.00182 431.1 392.00155 143.94 -0.973 0.00 90.338 R717 T [C] -50.8895 0.3312 0.1448 0.00183 435.0 120.3 295.04555 0.5764 0.5 0.722 0.0 180.00 -10.04029 0.00 90.00206 595.00149 53.3358 0.17 61.7424 0.00163 237.313 0.00 70.00167 287.733 0.00 30.541 0.00 70.00 0.00 20.66 -68.00 50.2368 0.6 1.66 0.2311 0.95 -0.03818 1406 1559 4.00 80.04544 1505 1687 5.0 10.0 140.00 -10.00156 149.5634 0.00 80.366 0.42 16.00194 531.278 0.00 -20.0 10.2 1.2 109.00 30.2254 0.08861 1479 1656 5.00 -30.00 0.84 -27.00166 282.3 737.652 0.364 0.0017 329.00153 103.0 130.00 -40.0015 55.3 494.02924 1492 1668 4.217 0.08248 1436 1601 5.5 0.0 10.688 0.7 343.00181 427.0 130.3218 0.00159 191.0 p= 8 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.84 19.0533 1617 1831 5.6 607.9 666.04013 1432 1593 4.00144 -33.0 170.064 0.07595 1392 1544 4.00145 -30.00 -20.017 0.652 0.4 1.00 50.0 p= 6 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.6 1.00142 -76.0 130.37 0.04709 1528 1716 5.00147 10.086 0.9126 0.0 120.00 100.6 248.0 200.07246 1368 1513 4.00188 483.564 0.9 0.9 0.6 342.04198 1458 1625 4.0019 488.6 442.0 160.05179 1595 1802 5.0 180.31 0.1057 1601 1813 5.66 0.00167 284.68 -66.084 R717 T [C] -50.00142 -75.00 60.7496 0.7 0.6 493.6 0.2 495.63 -69.04869 1551 1745 5.02425 1563 1757 4.49 -0.583 0.00 60.331 0.0 130.4 198.8 156.8 1.00 50.177 0.00142 -77.02232 1509 1688 4.05086 0.1299 0.0 140.02018 1451 1613 4.5 342 1.358 0.0 170.493 0.01617 1344 1473 4.0 170.44 0.00 90.4 106.1 2.00153 100.00 30.4 199.153 0.02794 1465 1633 4.434 0.05026 1573 1774 5.1 1.231 0.00163 240 246.0 p= 2 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.59 -71.141 0.00 0.00156 147.0 170.501 0.00196 537.03049 1518 1701 4.09733 1540 1735 5.699 0.02161 1338 1468 4.00 100.0 190.00172 335.0 150.00175 378.247 0.508 0.95 0.1 0.03609 1378 1522 4.07928 1414 1573 5.00 -10.29 -22.4122 0.04374 1482 1657 4.3 294 1.3 1.03284 1567 1764 5.9 1.869 0.0 110.1029 1581 1787 5.787 0.602 0.9 0.00152 98.761 0.01 0.3265 0.9 2.00172 338.00215 648.00153 101.394 0.0 200.2198 0.831 0.28 0.00 40.636 0.5 342.7284 0.1002 1561 1761 5.618 0.814 0.0015 56.0 110.00145 -32 -26.1084 1622 1839 5.6 549.00 40.3 153.22 -0.3 1.0 190.1399 0.00203 587.5 0.03396 1591 1795 5.00162 235.2 0.74 -0.8 547.073 0.6 0.03379 1347 1482 4.8 1.8971 0.0 160.15 -24.00 70.00 -40.028 0.803 0.0 180.5 442.00 50.31 0.0 160.356 0.08558 1458 1629 5.73 R717 T [C] -50.00156 145.882 a-17 .1 1.674 0.00 30.5698 0.01938 1292 1408 4.17 0.0 180.

8 109.04209 0.00089 0.8 234.1 168.00596 0.02869 0.8509 0.8797 0.5 253.8334 0.00074 0.3 216.56 40.8567 0.00555 0.00087 0.8701 0.00072 0.03912 0.001 0.0 27.8 104.1 192.682 1.8 225.7 238.5553 0.56 -11.3 4.00069 0.082 3.00099 0.84 82.489 0.00077 0.0 77.7802 0.01314 0.5 40.00505 0.5 239.8 239.7667 0.5 -45.5278 0.0009 0.5 206.972 Vol.5 262.492 1.7 237.2 263 262.1 233.6172 0.06931 0.3203 0.633 2.06 -23.37 -8.00104 0.9 244.8918 0.1187 0.00071 0.1 231.5413 0.5 -5.1207 0.1474 0.03 -23.1477 0.00116 0.3 226.5 229.02664 0.04483 0.827 0.00865 0.03091 0.899 0.3611 0.2212 0.5 45.00078 0.6 218 219.8123 0.26 78.18 71.02303 0.826 11.7 256.079 -1.2 138.9 149.7 158.8463 0. Spec.6 144.1553 0.4158 0. Spec.1 217.4 212.4 171.05654 0.04675 -0.51 30.5 -20.0 52.74 24.0007 0.1 212.33 17.777 3.2 228.00082 0.07569 0.9029 0.5 259.05369 0.5 -30.6 219.2034 0.1816 0.4146 0.4277 0.6 161.4 252.842 0.3 153.5 -25.0008 0.00072 0.00374 0.44 50.00074 0.00078 0.4 112.868 0.5 241.017 1.6 254.7 222 223.8437 0.8661 0.6 257.284 0.119 0.7897 0.8303 0.7 191.0 -17.4 205 206.00072 0.5298 0.00095 0.9 198.00077 0.5 20.5 90.9 245.00074 0.00091 0.9 261 259.776 2.7 222.0011 0.0691 0.5 55.8 184.03401 0.19 64.2 209.67 -14.0 -47.1095 0.00138 0.861 0.8643 0.5146 0.8392 0.00102 0.02042 -0.95 -20.9 241.00079 0.4 E.926 3.00124 0.4039 0.584 1.91 79.6025 0.5 5.8 246 246 245.13 102 105.74 72.00154 3 vg [m /kg] 0.00079 0.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 184 185.5288 0.4 163.1 132.2153 0.00268 uf [kJ/kg] -30.0 -2.378 4.5 262 262.0 -42.7 230.6 242.5 -10.00129 0.00075 0.6497 0.04559 0.0 -32.1 245.1 183 189.02144 0.00094 0.00461 0.00086 0.1005 -0.036 0.6 258.8454 0.0 82.09073 0.57 0.5 75.0389 0.4 196.8 261.6654 0.1431 0.364 2.00069 0.88 90.9 214.7 255.0007 0.2509 0.00418 0.66 65.1 100.7 -14.0 87.44 86.0 92.0008 0.1 260.0816 0.92 -20.5 65.2627 0.4 244.00092 0.1142 -0.00073 0.03354 -0.9 208.8244 0.5 10.72 61. p [MPa] 0.77 51.2745 0.5 -40.0 62.9 232.00749 0.35 47.5 0.826 1.4641 0.05837 0.0186 0.253 0.00076 0.2 86.52 -11.2 243.858 0.1634 0.496 2.00696 0.8723 0.2 136.5 216.00119 0.2 263.8382 0.0 -37.9501 1.5 30.09959 0.2 246.0 37.2 202.31 40.01997 0.9 -0.00071 0.01841 0.28 57.8371 0.403 1.7 125.7 201.01617 0.2 251.1794 0.5 235.00113 0.0 -7.8 231.07344 -0.04 47.00328 0.8 211.1 124.1064 0.00071 0.1 173.6 243.2862 0.6221 0.1914 0.0055 0.5 80.06004 -0.00108 0.8542 0.21 54.6 261.2928 0.8 188.0 -27.3 232.05829 0.8191 0.96 37.0 47.63 33.4 243.0 32.5 50.19 37.9115 0.35 98.8499 0.836 0.04944 0.7 226 227.8411 0.9 228.018 -1.4 220.4 196.4503 0.01509 0.895 1.01068 0.9071 0.4 238.6 194 195.00083 0.96 14.6 204 205.8 147. T [C] -50.849 0.3198 0.5 70.02 27.4 241.8531 0.8429 0.16 1.5 213.8219 0.6 208.5 -15.02476 0.2 120.00806 0.8472 0.9 250.0 12.7702 0.7 240.5 142.237 1.8 191.00086 0.00645 0.5855 0.784 1.71 75.8347 0.06 89.409 0.6 108.5 247.1 238.6 94.31 75.8 249 250.298 0.71 93.3332 0.5 100.2259 0.8081 0.244 3.3566 0.8626 0.8854 0.8031 0.5717 0.0 97.94 44.3 189.5 95.21 17.14 -27.8824 0.2672 0.0 57.00084 0.198 -5.5 -35.2272 0.0 7.5 60.595 7.1674 0.2023 0.2 235.877 0.67 58.7 237.7 201. Vol.4398 0.0 67.852 0.3214 0.01734 0.7 121.0 -22.00739 0.4519 0.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 vf [m /kg] 0.8953 0.5017 0.3 140.19 27.0 42.508 7.238 2.68 68.9 156.7 254.39 97.8319 0.89 2.414 3.8746 0.7 241.2 220.03334 0.8285 0.7971 0.8885 0.9 207.7 113.4765 0.117 2.128 -0.131 0.15 61.00929 0.32 30.3 209.7 211.5 201.3497 0.01226 0.001 2.00996 0.8 263. E.0 2.85 54.Appendici R134a – Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della temperatura Temp.9 215.086 1.1327 0.00084 0.4 186.3 199.8402 0.4 166.5 15.9 245.3 260.0 22.07 14.1 263.08438 0.01408 0.3811 0.09403 0.8 130 134.5 35.8446 0.0 -12.3097 0.7163 0.392 0.728 10.3 223.00093 0.6 236.00073 0.00097 0.04391 0.16 -27.1816 0.67 44.5 245.3449 0.00082 0.7 257.6 20.3 116.7 117.6 177.07482 0.0 Press.8481 0.89 24.00096 0.4884 0.2006 0.8 203.00088 0.0 17.318 1.239 0.02945 0.8266 0.5 85.00085 0.1332 0.00081 0.0312 0.6062 0.18 68.1064 0.4 224.00106 0.00076 0.09488 0.0828 0.54 83.8595 0.06356 0.3684 0.3 151.4647 0.41 -8.6 243.0 72.4 229.2433 0.3 234.8 -17.3802 0.2 -30.1639 0.05121 0.84 34.06614 0.5 245.8554 0.00075 0.2 178.7419 a-18 .83 -17.8159 0.887 0.251 -5.591 3.3 242.46 20.01144 0.08693 -0.1 128.5 25.

9 141.5115 0.4624 0.5958 0.7 146.3112 0.7 239.3 -29.05998 0.33 11.5 242.8 175 178.30 3.8268 0.6 168.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 vf [m /kg] 0.81 -9.1514 0.69 59.5 259.4827 0.00118 0.8212 0.62 71.01836 0.00104 0.2069 0.07588 -0.60 2.48 15.01411 0.60 0.01672 0.8422 0.01532 0.7 203.7988 0.3 243.4 260.91 63.46 52.3 206.8587 0.24 -13.13 0.4727 0.44 17.40 1.40 3.00079 0.3 244.00086 0.326 4.9 159.3 181.1 233.97 -6.8 263 263.00089 0.33 35.8484 0.86 -31.45 -18.00101 0.55 0.9 239.09 0.00098 0.80 2.4 221.9 200.8058 0.8372 0.00072 0.3 244.1 149.4 254.0677 0.7646 0.2 237.08 -7.80 4.90 65.3511 0.65 0.03751 0.05674 0.27 -13.5 243.08 70.8 215.1313 0.7949 0.8627 0.8 246 246.3186 0.8285 0.3004 0.8663 0.845 0.8331 0.00126 0.10 0.0011 0.30 0.00085 0.80 0.8644 0.9 214.5208 0.259 0.09988 0.08 46.24 0. Temp.01 27.79 24.8088 0.53 39.04577 0.8 246.74 -23.5 222.8301 0.6034 0.46 62.8 120.00074 0.7 205.4 221.2 175.91 60.15 0.1 213.01939 0.8 228.40 2.73 18.6 114 118.4551 0.8535 0.5 241.0013 0.2 260.1 189.93 -33.03 0.1263 -0.00082 0.20 1.557 0.34 -0.03165 0.7 155.05121 0.7 128.84 8.2 209.00528 0.8809 0.8 108.00734 0.8 241.14 0.566 0.8612 0.8317 0.3798 0.60 3.5 225.00093 0.68 -44.1401 0.00077 0.203 9.005 0.1151 0.00095 0.76 -23.4 254.28 0.3 229.93 12.79 89.1926 0.20 3.8506 0.00096 0.3693 0.3 237.8959 0.70 2.3931 0.86 37.22 26.00075 0.1913 0.59 41.8558 0.57 24.00099 0.12 0.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 184.00076 0.4 E.00 T [C] -49.2 235.8 198 209.9 256.00114 0.5842 0.6 77.8 203.50 2. Vol.00075 0.00422 0.44 13.108 9.2 263.8466 0.70 0.7 242.7 211.00447 0.0407 -0.90 2.09832 -0.2472 0.0343 0.539 0.53 39.6 185.00622 0.33 34.9 241.58 86.2 236.84 29.6 171.8 212.00073 0.32 20.06804 0.41 81.7 245.9 213.3354 0.8 239.6 245.7854 0.8384 0.0008 0.00589 0.03741 0.67 2.02874 0.00092 0.18 82.42 -18.16 83.5 145.8567 0.6557 0.7 224.36 -24.66 32.8 256.40 0.2 234.1046 0.9 172.24 -1.18 55.5 238.6 229.8 262.00077 0.59 -12.74 75.8025 0.2 88.855 0.2 263.00081 0.09335 0.2 165.1342 0.7 243.85 42.8 124.2376 0.6 152 155.8251 0.2 237.00397 0.83 92.8397 0.34 0.84 26.00088 0.90 3.71 31.00657 0.07 0.30 1.4 216.30 2.97 46.9 202.5 198.5 186.48 -18.1594 0.46 63.01329 -0.00139 0.39 42.9023 0.0099 0.911 0.4409 0.2 263.00074 0.2213 0.2807 0.64 71.85 -9.1621 0.36 0.22 0.11 0.50 3.3 165.00081 0.275 -0.9 244.12 97.2 187.1235 0.00321 0.00 3.8698 0.433 11.1 219.887 0.2 197.1 189.5 262.8837 0.8 215.02937 0.6 230.73 73.548 0.00087 0.69 77.4 249.8143 0.8167 0.5 223.01213 0.8744 0.7797 0.6 253.1503 0.50 0.753 7.3 142.98 50.63 -26.001 0.3683 2.00123 0.841 7.5 262.31 -20.3658 0.02032 0.4296 0.69 95.26 0.23 57.2126 0.1104 0.00078 0.9 245.00073 0.8359 0.0007 0.Appendici R134a – Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della pressione Press.06 100.1 137. Spec.8 196.3 220.09 99.2 233 234.00121 0.8475 0.10 3.02269 0.45 0.2 225.64 -5.9 232.4179 0.56 17.00077 0.3 122. E.3 112.3 207.245 4.4 219.6 116.50 1.3 245.00083 0.00071 0.00091 0.8 208.90 1.2693 0.08 0.00 1.8 45.8 218.04 0.00116 0.4 258.20 5.45 -36.08391 0.7355 a-19 .76 -17.4 152.8345 0.00109 0.4 244.5 193.20 0.01306 0.28 39.7 199.00935 0.00824 0.7 236.8 229.18 0.00078 0.1743 0.00256 uf [kJ/kg] -29.13 -15.8495 0.8 139.60 1.64 23.42 55.176 0.8 240.12 -28.4058 0.20 2.82 94.1 212.01056 0.00112 0.1 222.37 -3.23 67.55 13.7 217.00069 0.1 162.06 103.6 226.06 0.5 210.7 249.5 132.00694 0.6248 0.496 -3.02562 0.9 201.82 55.00149 0.6 179 182.8599 0.5 260.143 0.19 20.8409 0.9 245.4 130.5021 0.00071 0.58 79.3 51.4925 0.4 126.1 231.09119 0.2 135.6 -0.00094 0.00074 0.08122 0.4 191.48 4.1 262.04562 0.70 1.1 192.00158 3 vg [m /kg] 0.09 37.8577 0.1 247.00929 0.31 49.00558 0.819 0.87 67.1 105 109.75 21.5936 0.00 2.00083 0.32 0.2 226.1 262.33 90.10 2.0777 0.9 210.48 69.92 -6.97 89.90 84.86 32.30 93.6 251.00073 0.00107 0.8784 0.8117 0.02626 -0.9 261.5299 0.2 194.0007 0.3 Vol.23 0.0113 0.84 83.8 202 205.9 244.00473 0.8712 0.1 148.80 1.00074 0.1 261.16 0.2346 0.2 257.05 0.891 0.05703 -0.00076 0.00106 0.5751 0.71 -10.00874 0.8436 0.5 168.26 -22.80 100.00103 0.1 246 245.5 262.00072 0.7904 0.852 0.29 59.02 29.60 -40.73 95.07236 0.00777 0.3 243.8 162.38 67.05358 0.438 -3.1249 0.8 260 259 257.06361 0.5 158.54 35.04112 0.8232 0.8727 0.00372 0.4409 2.20 87.18 77.8763 0.3 134.4518 0.00078 0.10 1. p [MPa] 0. Spec.8685 0.

493 190.7 1.1 1.0 0.0 0.929 -20.5724 279.4 1.09 40.4 247.412 140.2 0.345 130.6002 362.0 0.268 110.0 0.4 290.0 0.0 1.1 1.1 347 1.0 0.3 247 1.0 0.6139 372.6 1.559 200.0 0.03 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.6 1.7358 217.3505 209.0 0.5081 203.304 120.7 247.0 0.462 160.7986 315.233 80.413 150.12 333.0 0.0 0.3 431.429 170.3 1.4867 196.1 255.3 1.0 0.8601 343.1 1.003 -10.4 1.582 R134a p= 0.5316 315.8 1.5 1.0 0.3 377.1 208.0 0.0 0.173 70.176 50.105 40.7 398.4488 263.0 0.0 0.559 R134a p= 0.0 0.6219 306.526 a-20 .3 1.0 0.2 223.0 0.17 -30.487 180.16 -30.9835 288.202 362.1 1.6 224 1.0 0.133 50.7 1.0 0.0 0.7369 372.6412 393.3 431.8974 -30.241 90.9 216.917 -30.9 398.6337 247.9788 -10.2 1.253 110.8 398.2 290.6544 255.7 255.8 1.7 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.9743 0.5 1.1 1.9011 362.437 150.04 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.7781 306.Appendici R134a – Liquido compresso e vapore surriscaldato.9598 -10.9483 -20.0 0.128 -40.944 -10.3 1.0 0.4651 190.0 0.1 1.7 1.0 0.7 1.1 337.31 110.541 R134a p= 0.2 0.7163 279.0 1.0 0.1 290 1.0 0.066 315.1 1.9 420.038 306.229 372.7533 382.00069 -30.077 30.00069 -30.7 409.5 299.7 208.00071 -17.0 0.5 357.1 1.8 398.5 1.12 30.16 -30.1 0.0 0.8 367.6549 324.7 1.37 140.07345 -30.2 1.0 0.2 1.0 0.9 388.4 1.9 223.2 1.1 281.9 1.0 0.3 377.38 150.5865 352.4627 271.3 281.0 0.8 0.0 0.7 0.338 120.2 377.3 1.1 231.6 1.6 318.6275 382.6751 263.033 0.0 0.6235 190.6 1.0 1.124 40.0 0.6 1.9 1.2 1.4 0.2 1.3701 189.0 0.319 120.06 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.5 318 1.0 0.7 1.8806 353 388.7 1.3 1.4765 279.0 0.1 1.3 1.0 0.4559 224.8 1.3 357.1 1.5227 255.0 0.438 160.5179 306 337.0 0.2 281.2 347.0 0.0 0.421 247 272.454 180.215 80.5 1.4727 231.0 0.5921 232 255.4049 203.0 0.7369 288.4 0.3 290.511 180.4 223.148 40.589 288.5 0.469 180.2 337.6 1.395 150.0 1.0 0.8 1.5559 271.0 0.478 190.5292 210.4 209.486 170.0 0.4 1.062 30.2 1.7697 393.405 160.0 0.2 1.66 -0.4 272.0 0.1 1.0 0.6877 343.2 272.4 299.4349 255 281.517 200.7 367.019 10.3 1.7 1.203 60.257 80.9562 280 308.0 0.444 170.355 140.283 90.0 0.8188 239.0 0.9216 372.9 1.2 347.6957 271.9 230.9 388.00069 -30.361 120.5591 333.393 231.067 20.8738 255.2 1.4903 288.0 0.3361 202.1 347 1.1 0.8 308.8463 247.33 130.9 1.096 30.6 247.5 1.5 264.0 0.439 217.26 90.23 70.6 1.3 239.7 367.9 0.0 0.8 1.9 1.2 1.0 0.5393 263.3 357 1.71 -17.502 200.206 70.062 10.8 409.7 0.3 317.7041 352.422 210.942 383 420.0 0.3 231.146 60.4 377.2 431.9728 -20.9 420.535 200.0 1.1281 -40.387 130.0 0.0 1.3876 196.7635 224.4 357.4 317.8 1.033 20.2 80.188 70.8 255.2 431.0 0.363 130.9013 263.42 160.00069 -30.3648 217 238.5503 217.3 272.049 20.3 263.2 239.14 -0.0 0.0 0.1281 -40.6129 239.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.5 239.8 367.0 0.1281 -40.6 299.0 0.913 -20.0 0.4 263.0 0.7079 210.16 -30. R134a p= 0.175 353 388.13 -0.226 90.9625 393.7 1.0 0.4 1.1 0.5 1.009 0.13 -0.12 -0.257 383 420.8 1.5 231.05 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.152 50.7 308.511 190.0 0.286 110.535 190.9 308.4894 239.0 0.118 50.4071 239.7 1.0 0.3215 196.0 0.3789 224.463 170.0 1.7 264.9899 0.9417 -30.004 10.8396 333.6713 333.6 216.0 1.0 0.388 140.1 215.2 1.093 324.7205 362.6 1.4 1.5061 247.284 393.7912 232.3 1.1 337.5712 224.6519 196.5453 324.0 0.9287 271.6384 315.0 0.179 60.6 1.8191 324.7 1.68 203.0 0.091 20.5728 343.3 299.038 10.0 0.4 215.0 0.147 343.8 409.161 60.0 0.9 409.0 0.

7 0.4291 343.1 1.2337 231.8 263 1.454 190.0 0.1 1.21 110.7 1.0 0.6 1.1142 229.9 366.0 0.0 0.9534 20.4 366.9 1.1232 245.9 336.3 237.1321 261.142 215.0 0.1 229.0 0.927 20.7 0.75 -17.33 170.0 0.00069 -30.71 -17.4 1.0 0.0 0.3 1.1789 362.1663 332.0 0.1944 287.00074 7.2501 202.288 130.0 0.5 1.3357 262.104 -4.2 345.125 90.402 200.293 288 317.5 420 1.3 1.3512 352.484 R134a p= 0.03117 -10.9 346.2 1.0 0.04 50.2056 305.6 280.0 0.1364 270.2251 223.4 0.28 150.0 0.6 246.7 1.0 0.0 0.1 298.4188 333.096 70.6 238.6 409.0 0.229 130.7 289.1283 -40.7 1.9 1.272 216.5 0.015 50.9569 30.8873 -20.2763 271 298.184 90.3 419.65 -0.1481 222.2335 352.4 236.978 -0.8 1.047 40.3677 372.255 140.7 1.2224 333.406 170.1 397.0 0.2556 392.0 0.0 0.3147 246.00072 -5.0 0.5 367.00069 -30.8 0.2501 382.2847 279.338 150.012 40.2112 314.0 0.17 -30.1 408.2678 262.8 1.0206 -20.4 355.1747 352.7 252.0 0.5 0.4806 393.202 90.0 0.00072 -5.1187 237.9234 10.4703 382.5 1.5 1.3 409 1.4 1.1407 278.6 398.6 308.00074 7.3594 362.19 -30.07351 -30.2 1.378 190.3566 279.0 0.7 387.0 0.1358 208 228.8 431.1048 214.176 110.0 0.0 0.8 1.9296 0.8 1.2074 209.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 288.5 1.1 377.15 90.2446 372.699 7.4 336.0 0.122 60.183 372.45 R134a p= 0.3 1.3462 271.0 0.2 1.7 1.1 262.3 1.8 1.9 289.2594 254.0 0.254 130.0 0.3 316.2935 231.9598 10.5 261.122 -4.3842 393 431.7 356.8 420.0 0.149 70.0 0.157 80.066 40.0 0.1541 230.5 1.018 30.7 1.1872 382.4 1.61 -0.0 0.00071 -17.8 346.4497 362.4 0.038 30.094 50.0 0.0 0.1536 305 335.9 226.0 0.5 222.9 0.0 0.2 387.8 1.1 1.4 387.6 430.3878 305.00071 -17.1578 314.02045 -20.9 1.009 20.6 306.0 0.9 1.8 1.3759 382.363 160.0 0.2 366.0 0.068 60.4 270.0 0.0 0.2611 209.367 288.0 0.1621 323.354 170.7 420.0 0.0 0.72 -17.847 0.2 1.Appendici R134a p= 0.1716 254 279.5 279 1.0 0.21 -30.9861 40.0 0.305 160.09 -0.09991 206.00072 -5.3252 254.262 120.0 0.145 287.0 0.0 0.2 288.2423 238.0 0.0 0.354 180.0 0.8646 0.0 0.721 7.0 0.9893 20.8 245 0.176 80.15 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.0 0.4394 352.6 1.0 0.0 0.5 230.9829 30.0 0.07 -0.11 -0.0 0.5 1.0 0.356 150.0 0.013 -0.46 200.0 0.08 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.0 0.228 342.098 80.085 -5.66 -0.8 272 1.4 254.4 1.996 -0.0 0.378 180.4 1.1 1.3097 305.5 398.9 1.07348 -30.6 1.0 0.1 1.3041 239 263.381 160.2163 216.2 317.0 0.281 120.8964 10.0 0.0 0.387 170.8 280.0 0.306 130.9187 -10.1 431.8925 0.0 0.8986 -10.16 238.204 120.2509 246.6 316.318 314.9 0.07365 -30.1914 392.74 -17.043 60.6 1.3981 314.2391 362.071 70.0 0.9 1.183 270.3 1.7 1.1 0.1281 -40.831 0.436 190.2 0.9 1.8 1.9 246.4 0.331 140.1096 222 243.43 180.3429 343 377.5 1.46 372.9493 0.00069 -30.0 0.12 -0.0 0.00071 -17.2168 323.0 0.103 60.7 336.1 254.2 356.00071 -17.1887 279 307.4085 324.8 1.152 110.0 0.279 140.0 0.329 160.0 0.8 387.1277 253.8 0.4 307.2388 195.0 0.5 1.502 R134a p= 0.03108 -10.0 0.229 110.00069 -30.478 200.1 1.7 1.1773 262.63 -0.1 1.13 70.9 0.3 398.2828 223.07358 -30.0 0.1 297.6 214.5 346.426 200.20 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.3263 324 356.0 0.1281 -40.412 180.075 50.02052 -20.0 0.18 -30.0 0.7 376.3 1.3346 333.0 0.3 1.304 150.0 0.1 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.0 0.9 1.1984 202 221.6 271.0 0.6 409.5 0.5 376.4 235.4 0.4 1.1282 -40.123 80.6 1.9793 10.0 0.5 298 1.4 253.0 0.0 0.1705 342.313 140.8 1.0 0.0 0.228 120.1658 246 270.9 1.426 a-21 .402 190.0 0.

0 p= 0.0 10.894 0.0 120.5 1.06348 321.379 R134a T [C] -50.235 -4.7 1.24 0.0 160.1 1.06567 235.00 30.4 0.07116 251.0 150.0 120.344 0.94 0.2 1.3 -29.93 34.01 -0.0 130.8 1.91 0.00 40.08106 0.2 430.176 0.1073 322.07387 0.00 60.076 0.07425 228.4 429.00 20.00 -20.3 1.00 70.1285 0.144 0.0 150.6 1.089 0.4 1.07571 391.097 0.0 140.7 406.048 0.4 1.9574 0.59 20.00 -20.6 353.7 333.8 -17.3 249.08063 244.82 -17.Appendici R134a T [C] -50.3 0.0 200.00069 -30.1039 371.6 0.00069 -30.00 -10.9 1.00 80.9185 0.08372 252.09072 371.08978 269.4 1.0 190.4 396.00072 -5.00 90.00075 20.8716 0.57 -0.7 257.07645 268.6 418.00072 -5.1308 0.573 7.2 275.344 0.1015 304.00 -30.2 1.08916 313.00 0.03075 0.17 0.00 -40.79 -17.04212 224.8893 0.1 259.96 34.09276 277.5 0.9 0.3 365.00077 33.25 -30.1 296.0568 234.392 R134a T [C] -50.368 0.2 241.09165 322.00 70.117 0.1287 0.0 150.2 354.6 1.0 110.85 -17.0 190.05433 276 303.0957 286.06875 276.355 0.0738 0.0 160.0 170.8 0.909 -0.06644 268.06169 312.8571 0.3 0.9 1.38 47.1 274.4 375.9 375.0 190.4 334.116 0.2 363.00 0.9202 0.6 323.8 1.124 0.08142 0.8876 0.0 180.7 385.006 0.2 385.4 1.8 374.8 1.0 p= 0.21 0.9336 0.1271 392.08666 304 334.9 0.9778 0.9 1.1 1.063 0.3 240.2 1.8 276.09412 332 365 1.00 30.0 130.97 0.8 0.1792 0.0 140.2 268.0 120.0007 -17.4 1.0 10.07398 381 418 1.5 344.05049 258.07904 277.9865 0.00072 -5.00 90.0 140.00 60.00 50.4 277.2 286 1.295 0.307 0.9502 0.06526 331.32 0.9 1.5 -0.035 0.0 130.00 -30.05985 219.05621 284.7 305.4 386.00 60.69 20.00075 20.8 429.1305 0.0 170.2 344.657 7.9921 0.7 314.27 -29.0 170.00 -40.07382 260.08858 361.6 264.07394 0.09904 351.0 180.08643 351.0 180.09286 381.9 266.40 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.0 200.246 0.08427 341.66 20.00 40.00 -20.03059 0.1 314.06844 243.00 -40.07408 0.2 255.0 190.05805 293.9794 0.4 0.00 80.03092 0.257 0.5 315.00 110.5 1.4 1.00 20.7 286.0 150.2 1.251 0.155 0.1 1.07093 220.1215 371.1307 0.00072 -5.878 0.00 110.927 -0.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.91 34.8969 0.0 110.6 395.4 418.4 1.246 0.5 1.00 90.00075 20.7 386.2 407.16 -4.7 364.226 0.07551 303.08124 0.015 0.93 0.7 245.07102 285.8 1.00 -20.271 0.00071 -17.195 0.05151 218.1044 313.02076 0.1 1.00 50.169 0.0 200.00074 7.295 0.2 343.19 0.4 0.08133 0.07052 360.00 0.04434 233.06281 227.4 0.3 0.00 -30.06702 340.91 0.06172 251.00074 7.00 30.6 267.207 0.00075 20.036 0.271 0.00074 7.00 20.6 1.07748 236.00 -30.00 -10.1158 351.1 1.02106 0.9631 0.09659 341.1284 0.07772 312.05243 267.85 34.03084 0.4 258.091 0.0 140.54 -0.02091 0.1243 381.197 -4.276 0.4 407.09499 391.00 -40.282 0.1 1.0 160.00 0.00 30.30 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.9031 0.6 283.00 80.5 248.0 160.9 1.6 397.8 419.5 354.0821 331.3 1.2 0.3 0.6 1.2 293.9 1.0641 259.32 0.9276 0.7 295.15 0.636 7.08677 260.5 0.0 10.6 408.02 0.179 -4.9 304.5 1.07991 322.0 p= 0.043 0.1102 332.232 0.0 p= 0.00074 7.103 0.0 180.331 0.3 238.00077 33.941 0.8 312.1 1.00 40.00 100.221 0.07 0.181 0.875 -0.95 -0.8 0.05929 242.78 0.944 -0.4 0.9 1.1 1.1309 0.03 -0.7 0.062 0.2 294.0 130.05988 303 332.1 396.2 0.368 R134a T [C] -50.00077 33.00 -10.9 1.1063 381.7 285.8 1.24 -30.04646 241.615 7.07327 294.3 305 1.7 375.1088 392 430.56 -0.02083 0.05421 226.195 0.00079 47.301 0.00 100.00 50.4 1.1 1.8 355 1.9 1.0485 250.3 1.1015 361.7 1.00 20.0 10.00071 -17.00 80.00 40.0 120.00069 -30.6 1.9 344 1.201 0.00 90.9 1.1285 0.008 0.2 250.0816 286.35 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.1187 361.0 200.8649 0.9485 0.00069 -30.00 70.8 322.349 a-22 .00 50.64 20.06878 350.00 -10.22 0.00 70.00 60.8 1.113 341.325 0.99 -0.0 170.07226 370.00077 33.0007 -17.1 1.

58 34.00 -40.00 70.69 0.00 50.01561 265.9674 0.03642 300.2 292.9082 0.00 90.0748 0.6 0.00 20.03881 319.00069 -30.5 417.00 40.00 70.159 0.2 1.03042 0.346 -4.163 0.3 331.2 372.01809 295.1303 0.00 100.00 20.00 50.03346 348 381.0 190.4 1.0 p= 1.189 0.87 0.3677 0.04343 359.0 150.02041 233.5 1.8 1.21 90.1 392.00 0.184 0.0 130.21 0.057 0.00 80.03519 291.0 180.3 327.288 R134a T [C] -50.308 R134a T [C] -50.51 0.07 0.05701 350.0007 -18.259 0.6 0.91 -0.6 416.8 0.8 1.03251 338 370.0 180.9 0.3 377.00 70.0 130.5 1.9 1.00 -10.2 359.3 0.00074 7.64 75.5 1.03966 248.07551 0.33 -29.0 10.1 301.025 0.00 -30.00 -10.1 0.04632 284 311.9 428.02704 237.04946 302.39 -29.47 0.01731 285.5 1.1 393.00 60.3 265.2738 0.13 0.00079 47.24 75.01361 245.00 -30.06285 390.26 0.00082 61.7 0.13 -0.123 0.17 61.2 0.32 34.6 254 0.00072 -5.3 309.1 0.02855 246.9 286.8899 0.07 47.025 0.7 415 1.02997 255.6 1.106 0.02649 280.3 405 1.6 363 1.6 277.1 0.07451 0.00 30.448 8.9971 0.03058 318.365 8.00087 89.2271 0.31 0.133 0.7 1.333 R134a T [C] -50.03266 273.7 1.923 0.00077 33.2 0.88 61.137 0.201 0.2 279.0 180.18 -17.02259 0.0 170.532 7.36 21.6 389.00073 7.0007 -18.00 80.00084 75.89 -17.9724 0.02307 252.2261 0.8 0.00081 60.05 0.01648 275.08016 0.5 0.00069 -30.1771 0.051 311.02 61.76 -0.111 0.03009 0.0 140.226 0.0479 293.84 -0.9844 0.02 -17.1 1.3 0.2 0.1 265.6 0.9 1.8543 0.042 0.2 426.2 296.00 50.4 1.1 321.32 47.0 130.0 150.9376 0.02429 387.05995 370.02976 0.00 40.00077 33.6 342.00 100.03155 328.04471 275.5 1.7 0.00 0.2724 0.4 1.95 -17.264 0.0 200.6 1.00072 -5.0 190.001 0.25 0.2 258.00075 20.08088 0.1299 0.235 0.185 0.0 110.9 1.0 120.6 -29.02029 325 355.0 200.Appendici R134a T [C] -50.0218 243.00 0.2 1.0 170.0 190.02858 299.0 p= 0.0 130.0 200.0 200.00077 33.9387 0.07423 0.8 1.26 0.0 160.973 0.69 34.4 1.00079 47.1286 0.0 p= 1.52 61.309 0.239 0.9 0.02894 0.00 -40.06 75.00081 60.3 373.25 a-23 .56 -0.0 160.02152 0.0 10.0 110.8791 0.701 -0.00075 20.02755 289.8746 0.175 0.00 20.03763 310.1 333.159 0.4 1.0254 271.00 0.00 -20.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.9 1.5 282.053 0.00 -20.03394 282.8765 0.604 -4.2 269 0.08 0.6 300.014 0.00072 -5.02426 261.03439 358.4 1.0 140.84 -0.9 1.00 30.04114 339.68 0.03623 378.7 275.159 8.2249 0.08052 0.4 1.12 21.03134 264.03714 389.1 289.9543 0.00082 61.55 21 0.05403 330.8 317.0 190.2266 0.00 90.4 361.7 350.0007 -17.35 0.036 0.2 299.00 80.00 -20.91 0.03598 231.1781 0.83 0.9964 0.1 0.39 -0.03 0.8 329.00 100.00 90.0 10.00 -10.02167 345.00 80.272 -4.3 322.02365 376.00 30.42 -4.4 1.04139 257.00 -40.133 0.0 p= 0.9116 0.0 10.4 1.1 0.00 -40.0 150.9 400.04455 369.3198 0.285 0.00069 -30.1293 0.0 170.0 150.0 140.8444 0.0007 -17.00 100.107 0.6 253.45 -29.7 1.527 -0.1288 0.01958 315 344.8 34.00091 104.00075 20.1 382.00 40.6 1.9 1.2 340.21 0.1 384.8 338.9 1.5 319.179 0.00 50.00069 -30.02122 0.4 0.2 262.8 272.00072 -5.07927 0.03532 368.00 -30.04307 266.11 0.02183 0.4 411.9425 0.085 0.00 20.95 0.03787 240.2 1.4 105.6 1.02234 355.1 427.1 423.4 1.01466 255.5 1.0 160.284 0.05552 340.4 349 1.05252 321 352.03999 329.1786 0.04679 390.0 170.00 60.2 47.00 70.023 365.2 1.0614 380.05848 360.74 0.1 395.04229 349.00079 47.00 60.5 307 1.1 366.235 0.0 160.9682 0.00 -30.00077 33.052 0.77 47.01885 305.1296 0.1 1.00 40.46 -0.00 60.00 30.8 1.00 -20.00073 7.3 1.08 0.4 403.00 -10.91 0.80 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.0 110.7 289.771 -0.00084 74.214 0.00079 46.3 406.00 90.02959 308.0 110.097 0.04567 379.00084 75.00075 20.66 0.26 0.4 311.0 120.1291 0.3 0.0 120.31 -0.149 0.9068 0.0 140.02099 335.2744 0.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.0 180.00074 7.0 120.60 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.4 1.45 21.

01054 258.0 p= 3.0094 325.00957 247.922 0.00073 6.29 0.00079 46.00072 -6.54 34.5 1.9902 0.4 334.3657 0.0121 280.0 120.1 381.00087 88.147 0.8 309.5 348.00 60.88 48.00 0.28 90.9499 0.1313 0.2237 0.00983 336.127 0.4 304.153 0.18 -28.54 0.00 80.0 190.6 121.00565 272.9 0.0 120.0163 352.06 34.552 8.037 0.00575 252.07692 0.00955 285.01464 321.00 40.00 40.0 170.00 0.271 0.00 50.00851 344 373.00069 -31.02573 0.9121 0.1 335.1 105.5 1.2225 0.3151 0.94 -0.02558 0.0 150.0 130.121 0.00 -10.38 0.00077 32.00 30.3 322.32 0.00072 -6.8 0.01735 374.00 -10.86 0.421 0.199 R134a T [C] -50.146 -3.00073 6.00733 280 302 0.7 1.9 0.00845 303.0 160.17 -0.0 170.01123 318.4 397.748 0.00813 332.1327 0.00105 150.95 0.00 30.0 130.1267 0.00 90.8 361.2214 0.1276 0.00 -40.00086 87.00 90.1 390 1.4 0.51 -16.8 0.00 70.4 155.171 0.37 -0.00 -20.267 0.92 0.01344 301.3637 0.0 200.967 -4.119 0.00 100.00078 45.786 -4.83 -16.4141 0.2 1.0 190.00 50.132 0.17 61.6 0.997 -0.00086 87.9 385.108 0.00094 118.00084 74.6 0.00075 19.59 0.354 8.00894 314.1 266.3 1.00 80.69 0.00069 -30.094 0.197 0.01142 380.0 180.17 48.00958 377.1749 0.8334 0.07752 0.00089 102.1248 0.9461 0.00772 321.29 34.4 1.9 1.0 150.35 -16.99 0.8 1.00 -40.0 200.01279 290.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.7 411.9574 0.01405 311.00117 171.00 -30.3 1.4615 0.8 283.00 -30.38 -0.17 61.84 0.01136 269.00722 249.009 0.0 10.02653 0.0 140.84 0.00095 119.9781 0.8 1.01267 350.066 0.3182 0.00 -30.0 180.Appendici R134a T [C] -50.0007 -18.9 292.0009 103.67 21.01313 360.1307 0.00083 73.07622 0.00 0.01576 342.0 150.8 316.0 120.9 280 0.0 170.913 0.74 -29.1 0.092 0.00 20.179 R134a T [C] -50.00079 45.8762 0.00 -20.0758 0.146 0.1729 0.5 0.2 0.3619 0.00083 73.4583 0.22 21.4 1.1 1.5 267.00 0.1 328.00098 133.6 296.2 1.89 21.2 341 1.00077 32.0 200.00086 88.3 0.07665 0.2 1.74 90.2 386.5 61.00 100.97 0.5 1.4 136.0 110.4 137.1 377.67 -16.0 130.0 160.2 365.00 60.2 274.07831 0.0089 274.8 393.4 339.0 p= 2.00075 19.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.014 382.0 180.71 90.8 121.00664 267.44 21.0 130.8 420.0 140.00 100.7 105.5 0.9825 0.00 -20.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.6 0.2 0.0 180.02813 0.00 90.92 0.00 50.5 417.7 322.00 60.1 408.00081 59.47 48.5 0.8292 0.1 0.0007 -18.0 10.00083 73.00089 102 105.00 40.04 75.1 1.7 351 1.0 10.00073 6.00888 355.00 -30.1 0.0 p= 3.0 120.00072 -5.00 -40.5 1.0 10.00 20.222 R134a T [C] -50.947 0.00 70.4 1.4071 0.161 a-24 .4 287.0009 103.4 0.2 0.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.00 20.00073 6.5108 0.6 48.135 0.01521 332 362.0 150.4 0.2202 0.5 1.176 0.00483 257.00072 -5.97 -0.00081 59.2697 0.83 61.01357 371.00079 46.3 0.001 135.00 40.00 80.02334 0.0 160.00 50.00 60.065 0.1 308 0.0 140.7 0.00 -10.00 80.00 90.00 30.44 0.91 0.75 -0.02484 0.013 0.0 170.099 0.01173 328.00075 19.00 -20.9781 0.72 0.00077 32.1 402.0107 307.00099 134.5 1.7 358.1 0.0 160.7 270 0.0 110.3 120.324 -3.43 75.038 0.00081 60.0 110.01683 363.00 30.819 -0.0007 -18.00 20.00069 -30.1 328 1.4 398.8 292.9 1.8749 0.021 0.5 0.4 369.072 0.175 -0.8 0.5 0.00077 33.8396 0.34 0.584 0.0 140.0 110.04 -28.9142 0.8 1.8314 0.8 0.0007 -18.0 200.5 105.0 190.56 -0.1739 0.08 0.89 -29.07839 0.00628 286.00792 291.3136 0.4117 0.01104 369.01065 358.00728 310.77 -0.00 70.3601 0.01786 384.6 0.1 346.3166 0.753 8.00081 59.1 414.1 0.7 1.6 1.0 190.00093 117.173 0.6 405.8 315.05 0.5647 0.00075 19.955 8.00093 118 120.4093 0.01015 296.24 0.82 75.9 154.22 90.8823 0.00815 262.351 -0.8 34.00069 -31.4 175.00 -40.9 1.051 0.915 0.02733 0.4 373.5 0.879 0.00 -10.2 353.14 0.043 0.008 0.39 0.1257 0.00 70.2 1.2683 0.7 0.01025 347.07762 0.5062 0.00106 152.0 p= 2.4553 0.02409 0.00 100.5 137.00681 298.5 0.00924 366.01221 339.23 75.

1 290.402 1.4 161.3 -40.3 328.7 509.7927 0.00196 0.00169 0.467 1.4013 0.41 1.6 339.6 233.477 1.9173 0.2201 0.00239 0.1 485.86 -51.8 -72.2 306.7 323 329.435 1.00227 0.5 308.75 26.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 285.00167 0.4 514.3503 0.1266 0.2498 -0.02177 0.7 136.403 1.02807 0.00199 0.4283 0.5 -0.4 496.9728 1.6 274.472 1.Appendici R600a – Isobutano Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della temperatura Temp.741 3.01376 0.19 37.639 1.75 -18.46 38.05 98.601 2.7 357.29 85.00725 uf [kJ/kg] -82.3 383.24 -40.8339 0.604 0.9 342.03973 0.01378 0.09863 0.01561 0.8 311.462 1.42 1.6303 0.58 -29.8 422.8683 0.69 -7.4 505.3 351.4 461.7519 0.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 vf [m /kg] 0.416 1.7 290.1602 -0.0018 0.2001 0.8 475.207 1.00182 0.9 455.627 14.07242 -0.01205 0.8 294.00247 0.401 1.7 302.2 480.5 512.6 505.4 204.1 415.00205 0.44 1.00158 0.147 1.01044 0.086 1.00191 0.4866 0.8755 0.00184 0.2585 0.1823 0.8 468 474.83 86.5 314.00888 0.02229 0.464 1.6 E.2 388.1709 0.438 1.76 73.984 2.911 1.00164 0.00171 0.5 479.2953 -0.6 362.7723 0.06455 0.05698 0.08359 0.00174 0.444 14.091 3.7 332.07334 0.5 148.9 429.8 390.347 0.6 470.05043 0.9 296.1 322.6843 0.00159 0.2 278.1304 0.451 1.049 1.00162 0.02914 0.6 174.406 1.4 202.46 61.5 386.3877 0.9 188.004 1.0016 0.2357 0.00186 0.8 259.1564 0.9603 1.157 0.03637 0.76 49.00233 0.2 435.00209 0.425 1.4 448.3 396.6 358 364.02832 0. E.08851 0.8 442.01651 0.00311 3 vg [m /kg] 1.78 -72.9175 0.00222 0.429 1. Spec.98 26.04472 0.441 a-25 .449 1.482 1.401 1.1 122.00193 0.096 1.00188 0.9 403.5 429.1862 0.09562 0.5953 0.5495 0.6 149.8 375.08 49.1079 0.69 110.3018 0.4 411 316.01984 0.5 422.66 -18.2794 0.3 244.37 -61.05636 0.593 3.02502 0.446 1.484 1.2238 0.421 1. Vol.4688 0.2 368.44 111 123.2047 -0.4 365.1098 0.8 163.485 1.409 1.6 400.8 442 448.00268 0.00166 0.41 -61.9 377.81 -7.6707 0.4 409.4 335.3 73.1 230.7112 0.05793 0.415 1. Press.476 1.406 1.00176 0.1161 -0.484 1.1406 0.6 501.00285 0.483 1.01762 0.00163 0.03535 0.00178 0.7352 0.1 -82.43 1.5 320.265 0.209 1.1467 0.41 97.8 377.00172 0.8 339 345.412 1.00257 0.00213 0.4 218.402 1.457 1.85 61.4043 0.7 512.805 1.5899 0.5308 0.403 1.91 -51.2 248 263.4 370.9 395.7 483 485 485.3 409.5 326.6 402.9 491.1 481.175 2. Spec.7 135. T [C] p [MPa] -50 -45 -40 -35 -30 -25 -20 -15 -10 -5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90 95 100 105 110 115 120 125 130 0.2 454.1 176.2 460 465.07195 0.6 190.00202 0.342 1.03149 0.3413 -0.381 2.4 346.5092 0.3336 0.477 1.3 514.5 382.4 435.837 3.51 -29.9 416.04616 0.48 1.4644 0.1 216.00217 0.3061 0.4 349 355.364 Vol.

2 480 465.403 1.484 1.00194 0.49 118 136 152.1 180.9 274.5 0.84 100.1 -75.6 503.8 2 2.4 330 346.3 370.9 485.1 298 304.04865 0.7083 0.3438 0.76 -27. Spec.74 44.59 -11. p [MPa] 0.6 450. Vol.4667 0.48 -47.00316 0.00209 0.00162 0.00184 0.00168 0.03175 0.68 72.44 -46.03 -28.7 408.3581 0.2 291.56 -38.00287 0.2 3.02676 0.07805 -0.01991 0.2 -20.469 1.4 404 430 E.08 88.1273 0.448 1.2 495.2 1.111 19.6 1.471 1.7688 0.2 476.00187 0.1583 0.00233 0.3096 -0.7 469.9 512.64 -59.1872 -0.8741 0.5 344.5 179.7 510.08 0.01537 0.92 42.6 110.5 308.416 1.00942 0.74 50.1 450.4 3.00161 0.046 1.3951 0.07 0.00167 0.3 255.6 327.84 -28.9 338.2 330.008 1.2396 -0.1 411.5 378.2 506.02557 -0.3 259.00278 0.48 1.67 -59.4 319.4 386.4 0.8 217.53 -47.669 -0.62 37.6 0.2634 0.3 514.1 324.457 1.04 0.5762 0.097 0.4409 0.482 1.11 -13.02294 0.92 56.8 395.402 1.04309 0.285 1.2 313.9 1 1.8 0.8 414.6 2.9 403.9 310.Appendici R600a – Isobutano Proprietà del liquido e del vapore saturo in funzione della pressione Press.1 236.00257 0.00197 0.3 501.8 29.00823 0.09 0.2 0.01 0.2 127 130.6 T [C] -58.17 1.00163 0.9656 1.1 457.0024 0.002 0.00372 3 vg [m /kg] 3.1449 -0.4 354.6826 0.2 167.484 1.6 465.8236 0.00166 0.6 383.7 350 354.2 391.4 471.7 366.8 442.0557 0.388 a-26 .4992 0.453 1.3 393.00543 uf [kJ/kg] -100.01744 0.43 1.5166 0.8 150.3 296.Interna( V) Entalpia (L) Entalpia (V) Entropia (L) Entropia (V) ug [kJ/kg] hf [kJ/kg] hg [kJ/kg] sf [kJ/kg K] sg [kJ/kg K] 275.1 0.4 115 119.6 355 370.65 82.7 513.8 323.00159 0.6 315.00248 0.7517 43.03 0.437 1.1 -36.476 1.01068 0.00215 0.81 96.6 479.1 509.8 485.8 215.05 0.9212 0.23 -13.4 425 431 441.4 -0.0386 0. Temp.599 1.441 1.00227 0.00203 0.9 362.00293 0.427 1.41 0.06498 0.4204 -0.49 61.82 -0.00221 0.413 1.6 514.1 -75.6025 0. Spec. E.469 1.8398 0.75 117 134.8 3 3.02 0.3 0.1 418.216 1.049 1.408 1.94 7.442 1.6 134 Vol.24 74.00179 0.6403 0.00703 0.418 1.8 -100.07777 0.1 339.404 1.402 1.47 -14.7 488.089 1.406 1.8 443.409 1.8 422 432.1091 -0.22 -6.9 484.02 -20.35 97.4 484.477 1.3 463.4 1.76 94.03 -36.05046 -0.6 239.08 -6.4 278.7 0.01205 0.1 480 482.2 2.483 1.4 2.00168 0.1 191.06 0.09662 0.03 73.6 289.Interna (L) (V) (L) 3 vf [m /kg] 0.436 1.129 1.56 66.423 1.27 -24.5616 0.65 -17.7 458.7 358.4 105.3 362.00175 0.00156 0.2 123.462 1.0136 0.00165 0.00191 0.87 -33.9 165.4 306 321 330.9 193.92 -20.00266 0.187 0.

0 0.1 587.074 394.81 -82.24 335.0 3.5 1.2 404.52 0.316 130.0 3.824 40.6 743.0 1.0 0.0 2.582 180.636 20.0 1.8 1.688 724.0 1.237 678.328 514.5 2.0 1.76 -0.0 1.711 20.826 30.4 472.0 1.0 0.3 629.5 629.0 1.993 60.0 1.2498 -30.1 490.003 477.0016 -61.9 1.1 652 2.2 1.9 567 2.496 -10.252 724.75 -0.1602 -20.646 200.749 40.9 2.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.35 724.256 477.003 80.2 767.1 791.797 R600a p= 0.5 2.6 630.77 20.0 2.0 1. R600a p= 0.375 443.0 2.0 2.614 200.23 410.0 1.37 140.1 1.591 495.2 2.692 30.183 442.0 2.221 120.6 2.2 2.0016 -61.0 1.0 3.147 426 471.2 1.5 388 1.045 80.2 387.6 437.321 701.7 2.0 3.6 2.6 1.1 697 2.5 1.92 -61.508 613.0 2.8274 378.7078 321.92 -61.165 656.0 2.9 743.916 70.54 -20.5 1.7 2.2 472.593 190.4 1.0 1.38 724.0 0.596 0.0 1.8 342.5 1.9 2.235 634.11 409.529 170.95 593.5 547.652 701.328 140.5 673.64 180.666 a-27 .0 0.6 1.8 2.3 437.656 0.1 2.0 1.262 120.2 2.481 150.794 322.0 1.0 0.6 1.7978 363.0 1.0 2.2 767.212 100.5 2.4 767.0 0.9 2.7 2.588 170.77 -0.206 613.7 608.447 460.99 70.0 0.1 90.0 1.0 0.0 2.7 2.5 1.267 110.436 572.05 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.9 651.662 514.7 719.2 2.5 356.635 190.935 60.869 552.85 -0.7 743.917 572.7 651.7 508.3414 -40.0 3.5 2.177 592.208 110.061 635 696.4 1.3 2.2 587.4 2.296 140.725 30.0 1.435 160.4 552.59 -40.1 330.0 1.5 527.1 372 1.3 343.1 1.4 792 2.739 R600a p= 0.81 -82.5 489.7 1.8569 393.519 477.0 1.423 150.0 0.4 2.0 0.03 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.9 696.806 552.6 2.8 743.3 2.204 701.2498 -30.3 1.5 404.436 -20.0 1.84 -0.3414 -40.654 10.7 630.061 513.4 358.1 2.022 613.7 674.544 634.867 336.721 309.0 1.687 200.032 495.292 678.8889 322 357.677 477.00163 -40.2 2.0 3.026 90.8 720.598 -10.5 419.971 80.74 -0.0 1.289 349.821 533.8863 409.167 110.9634 349.3 767.0 1.338 364.893 60.0 1.0 0.9739 459.532 426.3 373.578 10.472 592.9 2.938 50.9 1.0 0.9448 442.0 1.0 2.154 100.462 -10.9 674.013 364.58 656.882 40.879 50.7 547.2 1.1 567.535 160.4 567.263 656.6 527.0 0.5 608.049 70.82 -82.0 2.0 2.364 533.6 2.768 349.04 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.403 160.148 572.141 309.6 2.9 2.02 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.669 20.00158 -82.3 2.0 1.3 421 1.488 170.725 495.0 1.6 2.428 140.6 453.0 1.0016 -61.0 1.3 454.0 1.948 70.5 -0.00158 -82.86 60.5 1.037 378.0 1.3414 -40.745 200.9263 335.0 1.878 572.0 1.0 2.1 1.0 0.4 547 2.3 791.509 180.9 2.1 437 1.561 190.805 50.8 2.698 R600a p= 0.0 1.7 1.9 508.6 674 2.9 1.8513 308.8 420.0 0.456 170.541 180.7 2.4 608.0 1.119 552.7 2.309 701.8 651.382 150.8 528.2 791.321 120.5 719.013 613.0 1.387 379 420.713 10.0 0.538 -10.0 1.0 0.7 1.58 442.612 10.9156 425.103 80.9 403.112 100.2 1.6 1.476 160.275 130.302 426.00158 -82.0 1.0 0.8 1.5 2.9 1.767 30.0 1 363.0 2.6 719.7 2.738 335.09 533 587.0 1.5 372.Appendici R600a – Isobutano: Liquido compresso e vapore surriscaldato.8 696.48 -20.158 394.965 592.7 2.693 190.3 527.156 678.734 533.058 90.48 -30.0 1.9 1.9 1.8 547.9 373.374 130.86 -0.189 120.9 2.35 150.91 -61.8 608.6 2.7 2.82 -82.782 40.8 358.093 635.6 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.158 90.1 2.0 1.08 100.0 1.8 2.435 394.484 410 454.00158 -82.292 495.219 459.616 678.109 656.837 50.134 110.0 0.0 1.7 490 1.8 454.0 1.2 389 1.0 1.9 490.3 588 2.0 2.8 2.0 2.191 322.1 2.0 1.3 1.086 379.0 2.0 2.6 403.2498 -30.94 350.0 1.647 297.2 509.0 0.554 0.0 2.8 1.8 344.8 436.4 2.0 1.0 1.2 567.242 130.3414 -40.773 514.0 0.6 1.8 388.628 460 508.8 471.

9074 532.2 719.0 1.2784 391.6 415.6584 700.622 30.0 0.9 2.473 10.3612 333.3493 512.0 0.5 2.679 532.00163 -40.441 180.8346 477.0 0.0 0.0 0.6377 348.4 651.0 0.12 120.455 200.0 0.3415 -40.6876 378.3417 -40.5502 408.0 0.004 613.3888 591.6 1.0 0.1 356.2499 -30.0 0.566 R600a p= 0.Appendici R600a p= 0.00166 -18.83 -0.3592 531.7 1.6 2.0 0.3 1.028 634.5126 494.7 696.449 0.0 0.0 0.4 452.979 100.4 719.62 -40.0 0.5873 441.0 0.43 170.3416 -40.07245 -10.2 419.7335 592.2 606.3925 362 401.1 527.0 0.84 -82.493 0.461 190.0016 -61.4083 633.0016 -61.1602 -20.9 1.88 -82.8589 495.0 0.0 0.3193 457.349 180.5688 425.0 0.7859 442.1 2.2 470.5 696.8 566.973 110.0 0.94 -61.919 100.3092 440.65 -40.066 110.4 385.0 0.00166 -18.3 1.0 0.0 0.2501 -30.3691 551.0 0.0 0.0 0.2679 375.356 170.0 0.758 60.3 695.0 0.8241 700.082 130.4279 677.1603 -20.0 0.7517 613.1 1.9 452.0 0.6 488.81 -0.076 678.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.299 423.4555 334 370.0 0.722 40.483 458.0 0.9 2.8 387.7 371.2 628 2.052 656.302 160.71 -0.535 190.3986 612.243 160.2464 345.282 150.0 0.5 2.0 0.0 1.1 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.4 2.7 1.41 -0.7 741.0 0.0 0.19 150.608 20.5 526.2888 407.216 130.64 50.1 1.2499 -30.6 1.74 -0.0 1.662 0.0 0.3415 -40.8 607.7615 425.296 170.5 1.06 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.5712 571.0 0.8 628.1 1.388 170.6 1.645 40.3 1.0 0.9 2.5 1.0 0.9 2.2498 -30.68 -0.6 2.00163 -40.3 586.4681 441.4376 700.108 110.93 -61.5419 532.2 1.6 649.00158 -82.7 402.1 1.012 100.9798 592.6004 613 673 2.0 0.0 0.1 507.9 1.323 150.482 180.4 2.3 765.6 418.6149 634.702 50.3 608.402 190.174 130.7154 572 629.0 0.7369 409.0 0.1 1.5 434.8 470.6 436.944 80.6 545.0 0.0 0.0 0.6241 476.5858 592.0 0.0 0.6627 363.6 525.598 R600a p= 0.0 0.808 80.81 -18.1 2.4079 377.493 190.3 1.0 0.69 -0.551 10.5566 551.3 2.2 742.4939 362.507 a-28 .9 505.0 0.2 629.3 489.0 0.791 60.5128 377.806 678.054 100.1 767.83 -82.8 2.00163 -40.6 382.1 1.7 791 2.49 -0.0 0.8 2.196 140.834 60.514 200.5 564.4532 424.00163 -40.6 585.4231 392.665 30.0 0.7 766.73 -0.124 724 791.6 2.9 544.9 766.0 1.1 1.01365 0.0 0.8 695 2.0 0.59 -40.6 471.5 1.0 0.0 0.4 453.957 90.639 R600a p= 0.4 2.335 160.0 0.0 0.434 -10.028 120.3 2.546 200.587 321.3 742.6 1.864 90.0 0.753 70.2 2.9 546.7698 634.1603 -20.0 0.1 1.0 0.0 0.3394 493.3294 475.07251 -10.3 403.8 1.5 718.889 70.377 160.0 0.0 0.565 20.4 1.507 10.0 0.414 0.735 50.7879 656.4181 655.697 60.8 2.587 200.9315 552.7 2.5 1.8 1.2572 360.1 2.00158 -82.8421 723.2 2.814 70.0 0.0 0.3 1.531 20.83 -18.0 0.033 110.6 487 1.8 2.6 1.4748 348.2 650.924 90.847 70.4978 476.0 0.0 0.98 -61.0 0.66 -0.0016 -61.8 587.8103 459.8 1.2 2.2 566 2.8 2.1 701.0 0.409 3.6729 723.0 0.0 0.9 1.6125 334.4 1.5273 513.0 0.0 0.525 30.27 140.9 1.9 1.5 2.0 0.0 0.902 80.778 50.7 468.6 586.61 -40.0 0.00158 -82.6425 494.46 -0.15 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.9 791.162 120.0 0.7123 393.6972 552 607.8832 513.9 1.3 2.0 0.4 399 1.6 651.2 2.2 673.5 743.6607 513.2 1.07266 -10.0 0.5 566.5 672.95 -61.00166 -18.4 2.999 90.8 507.1605 -20.9 2.3 790.5 2.2 546.48 -0.467 20.408 180.142 130.1 369.408 10.1 386.3 1.62 -0.4 2.4473 723.85 -82.228 140.6439 678.0 0.3 2.0 0.0 0.583 40.249 150.0 0.5 508.00169 3.0 0.0 0.3789 571.2 433 1.64 -0.0016 -61.79 -0.5 2.3 1.8 526.136 140.6058 459.6294 656 719 2.869 80.588 30.0 0.9557 572.0 1.679 40.9 488.3 450.1 435.86 -18.377 347.7 1.4 673.1 2.8 2.0 1.7 2.00158 -82.0 0.5316 393.1 417.088 120.08 [MPa] T v u h s 3 [C] [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] -50.4382 408.0 0.5 2.

1 2.812 0.9 409.8 563.00 60.0 190.465 R600a T [C] -50.01 0.1606 0.046 0.309 0.00 40.3272 699.2 603.1227 489.3 -0.00163 -40.5 2.48 -0.09814 0.3124 655 717.43 98.367 3.17 73.1615 698 762.07281 0.701 0.00 90.00 80.8 538.0 120.7 2.42 0.3428 0.00 80.0016 -62.8 1.9 -18.36 0.8 2.00 30.12 0.1653 721.0 200.0 190.00 40.14 0.3 1.17 -0.1817 0.6 2.0 120.813 0.09841 629 688.1385 568.708 0.00 -30.08202 505.15 26.1275 370.00 50.98 -0.0018 73.00 -20.2513 0.19 -0.5 0.0 150.1764 529.5 1.5 1.00 -10.96 -39.201 0.0 110.8 2.00176 49.1917 589.00 0.0 130.0 200.1 501.1014 400.9 460.00179 72.00169 3.878 0.705 0.00163 -40.2 1.9 789.60 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.1608 473 521.033 0.1 498.0016 -62.00 100.0 p= 0.1186 471.9 584.0 140.00 30.00 -40.0 180.587 0.7 1.98 0.00 80.3421 0.462 0.7 1.00172 26.032 0.00166 -19.1 2.26 -61.2527 493.7 1.3 1.00 70.2902 591 649.5 1.7 1.00 -20.8 523.00 50.40 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.6 123.166 491.96 26.418 0.00 20.0 120.00 40.59 -0.923 0.537 0.00 0.2297 439.538 0.7 1.00 0.3 479.21 -0.6 1.1088 719.00 70.6 1.00169 3.1 597.38 49.07618 467.82 -40.98 -18.01349 0.0 170.36 -0.00 90.868 0.00 -10.923 0.1 576 1.00158 -83.2018 632.00 100.711 0.76 -40.00158 -82.5 2.2217 722 788.6 2.06 26.0 150.1501 631.0 180.13 -82.039 0.00166 -18.00172 25.0 180.2 1.1063 696.2502 0.96 -82.5 1.0 p= 0.00 80.00 -20.412 0.8 765.3 739.3 625.523 0.3 1.1346 547.978 0.5 2.00 40.194 0.00 50.7 1.2678 530.247 0.00 50.2 2.7 1.1612 0.54 0.0 110.9 431.7 2.14 -61.09712 0.3 561.5 619.1102 435.823 0.00 30.641 0.6 2.15 0.5 445.0 160.0 180.2 2.0016 -62.1 2.8 1.9 2.27 49.1446 420.2167 698.2 -18.595 0.05 -18.0978 0.57 -0.27 -0.00163 -40.6 2.00176 49.00166 -18.0734 0.1 543.01285 0.529 0.1 623.02 -61.00 -30.699 0.2638 0.3051 633.596 0.4 2.00 -40.00 20.6 467 1.0 140.765 0.08484 525.1144 453.3418 0.3423 0.00166 -19.1424 588.2451 474.00158 -82.0 140.00 20.583 0.39 -0.0 170.0 160.0 110.00 30.1967 610.0016 -62.644 0.4 1.5 1.362 R600a T [C] -50.6 627.1 787.0 10.7 1.00169 3.0 130.2646 0.4 1.141 0.9 647.4 735.074 0.086 0.4 664.00 20.07002 430.7 1.2828 570.1 580.93 0.0 130.00 100.1 1.0 170.1 1.00 -30.00 60.2 2.182 0.5 452.0 10.042 0.00169 3.034 4.247 0.3 694.0 150.00 -20.2 759.39 -0.654 0.1539 653.07 50.06676 412.4 784.3 642.2374 457 504.00172 26.00 -40.0 140.Appendici R600a T [C] -50.5 1.8 492.2 3.02 -82.81 0.933 0.2 691.7 1.0 150.00 -10.8 1.307 0.0 190.353 0.69 -40.2118 676.1866 569.5 1.08 -61.254 0.0 130.1577 675.214 406 448.1 2.0 120.1555 455.4 2.1501 437.2 741.91 0.2977 611.0 10.087 0.00 70.65 0.1 1.00 -30.868 0.1463 609.89 0.8 441.07315 448.8 0.093 0.206 389.0 160.7 645.8 2.57 0.0 170.6 -0.1333 387 427 1.07913 486.257 0.9 2.6 2.479 0.00184 97.757 0.7 559.09575 607.1037 673.69 -0.3461 0.41 0.096 0.147 0.08762 545.652 0.2 533.9 601.79 0.00 100.0 160.00 90.8 1.5 482.5 605.00176 49.9 2.82 0.00158 -83.5 541.978 0.3 2.1713 510.00163 -40.7 668.3 738.2219 422.2068 654.988 0.875 0.47 0.20 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.00172 25.756 0.9 669.5 1.2 518.0 190.1609 0.6 1.2505 0.2603 511.91 -82.1 716.1267 508.00 60.00 60.01222 0.6 485.1895 358.405 R600a T [C] -50.1307 528.01317 0.0968 384 422.00 90.09036 565.1 413.94 74.3345 722.1978 374.07311 0.1809 0.3 463.1058 417.09848 0.0 110.00 -40.2753 550.7 1.5 -0.1 714.985 0.767 0.7 1.203 0.2 692.0 200.5 582.3 0.478 0.00188 122.5 472.49 -0.3 2.0 200.0 p= 0.3 513 1.9 671.1815 549.00 0.7 396.0 10.101 651 711.2507 0.0 p= 0.1617 0.4279 0.875 0.00 70.3198 677.09307 586.4 1.30 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.9 764 2.2 2.3 2.8 1.194 0.284 3.5 554.3 a-29 .78 26.139 403.00 -10.

7 527.7 74.26 0.8 2.77 0.042 0.01096 0.555 0.00 -30.03213 551.00 -40.00179 72.948 0.11 -0.87 -17.3422 0.04 0.427 0.63 -81.9 0.77 -0.762 0.5085 0.1 294.04795 518.3463 0.05481 463 506.4 552 1.6 176.0 190.00157 -83.01 0.7 638.00166 -19.3 0.86 50.583 0.00166 -19.1 1.263 0.6 0.0016 -62.3 729.9 586.00199 174.0 10.5 2.02335 564.254 0.15 0.05229 444 485.6 26.0 150.819 0.9 0.1 746.02872 681.0 110.4213 0.06036 669.0 200.00 0.05868 646.24 -81.8 503.3 124.9 1.0 160.6677 0.0221 541.1623 0.2603 0.7505 0.00172 25.79 -0.91 -80.8 1.8 1.586 0.9 708.00 30.00 20.7 2.151 R600a T [C] -50.07518 0.4 1.757 0.6 0.39 -61.00 -20.00 -20.836 0.28 0.9 149.8 233 0.0 p= 0.00 100.4 1.0766 671.821 0.00 60.0 10.00 -10.5 1.6 1.6 0.53 0.24 -16.7 705.07046 605 661.51 27.00172 24.00163 -41.0 180.57 -39.80 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.1 672.0 170.7 615.9 1.00187 121.00169 2.00 40.07861 694.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.0 140.8 1.06184 521.8 611.93 -0.01919 495 533.3401 0.00 -40.3 2.03615 618.635 0.83 0.4 2.9 571.00162 -41.986 0.0 200.09577 0.8 684.6 176.5891 0.00 -30.7 560.65 -0.3443 0.0941 0.05169 559.0016 -62.17 98.00 80.892 0.4 764.00 50.00 60.3 757.3438 0.39 -0.219 R600a T [C] -50.689 0.00 70.00 60.7 721.1 544.0 140.00175 48.00179 72.9 -38.00165 -20.00 -10.095 0.3 123.4 528.47 74.7 772.7 648 1.58 0.0 170.662 0.812 0.00 100.3 1.05524 602.218 0.0 120.06622 562.0267 634.4 232.8 2.74 0.0 170.00183 96.13 -0.00 -20.00 40.06405 542.03864 663.1 -39.0 180.98 -0.527 0.6 1.93 0.00 -10.00 30.202 0.00193 148.00 0.779 0.815 0.00193 147.4 732.00192 146.00197 172.00157 -83.0 10.0 120.0 160.91 98.92 -0.4236 0.2 0.00 70.504 0.0 200.1 522.4 1.8 0.00 100.97 0.05348 581 634.3451 0.42 -0.0 110.Appendici R600a T [C] -50.3 1.7 2.8 0.00163 -41.4 738.6 124.0 120.2523 0.0 10.0 110.9 1.41 0.85 -0.14 0.04962 425 464.1 204.00188 122.0 120.13 0.00165 -19.0 130.5048 0.647 0.1 1.4 1.81 -60.5 1.05957 502 549.6642 0.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.1759 0.00 50.8 2.02773 657.8 2.35 -18.3433 0.1656 0.112 0.05697 624.96 27.00 30.07665 0.00169 2.00175 48.0 p= 1.03067 530 576 1.4 477.6 1.7 779.06836 583.705 0.00 30.0 190.986 0.65 51.00183 97.00168 2.6 -0.2 149.2 262.873 0.00168 1.0 180.5022 0.04599 498.058 0.096 0.4 1.0 160.00 -20.703 4.9 1.0 190.1 1.255 R600a T [C] -50.03 -0.9173 0.00 80.00171 24.8 611.1 1.2 1.04395 478.4 566.00 50.02968 705.0016 -63.03741 640.0 140.571 0.2 500 1.9 1.15 50.2536 0.12 -59.3 2.003 0.00 70.06202 692.602 0.02913 508.0094 0.26 0.721 0.07458 648.931 0.3 754.00 90.00187 120.697 0.00 90.08061 717.78 -0.00211 228.4 681.1629 0.06366 715.00183 95.0 150.3 2.03486 595.00175 47.00175 48.0 130.00157 -83.00 90.875 0.00198 173.63 99.03951 438.2518 0.2 2.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.00233 290.89 5.9 204 0.871 0.295 4.02453 587.0016 -62.41 27.0 200.1802 0.7 1.0 130.149 0.6 0.0022 258.0 150.07253 626.94 0.23 -39.26 99.8 636.34 74.00 90.00188 122 123.03352 573.7 2.00163 -41.00204 199.166 0.624 0.00785 0.00 -30.1 1.04103 710.7 1.51 -60.426 0.00178 71.986 0.1 0.03985 687.1777 0.00212 229.00 0.3 1.00 40.01159 0.00 70.752 0.0 140.02073 518.5 782 2.00 0.5 657.2 687.2 1.9 74.0 170.7 0.587 0.7462 0.36 -81.7 599.098 a-30 .3452 0.868 4.00183 96.00 -10.6 713.00 40.05723 482.0 p= 1.00 20.00 100.04985 539 588.041 0.0 110.64 0.1795 0.9 662.3 2.00 50.6 176.0 p= 2.00 60.00 20.2623 0.8 0.464 0.9 1.00172 25.2 150 0.389 0.0 150.00 20.09244 0.0 190.0 160.7 696.00205 201.1 593.255 0.09644 0.2584 0.477 0.02564 464.541 0.91 -0.5 -17.00157 -83.6 623.6 0.02747 486.00179 71.00 -40.0 130.00192 147 149.91 0.0 180.27 -0.00 -40.929 0.07459 0.66 50.8 1.00 80.07811 0.00 80.00 -30.1643 0.02564 610.5074 0.0418 458.

00 -10.345 0.2509 0.8 2.08241 0.00 40.67 0.551 0.942 a-31 .00 30.67 51.00165 -21.73 -79.0 190.49 5.7 0.00182 95.3476 0.00181 93.1 1.55 -37.9 405.7 1.8 100.00277 384.21 100.419 0.00 0.00 50.789 0.1 1.58 0.00764 531.00246 321.00 50.79 75.3488 0.4 1.00265 355.2527 0.00174 46.73 -0.0019 143.002 0.00 90.2 0.4 1.7 1.171 0.00209 225.00 20.26 -0.00 -20.5 578.00 60.01 -0.4 665.3 1.2565 0.3 0.01581 618.0908 0.7 1.0 10.0 200.692 0.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.3 596.7 176.8158 0.0 180.00 -30.00 -30.02201 675.00 90.1 0.00 30.5745 0.00178 0.1 0.629 0.00165 -20.4971 0.4923 0.9 1.623 0.00 -30.066 0.00 -40.00171 23.854 0.00219 256.4 669.0 180.7 176.167 0.00171 24.00 100.3 1.00191 145.13 0.00 40.18 -80.7347 0.6 739.0 190.00 -20.0 110.00197 171.17 0.01427 660.00159 -64.07 28.0 p= 3.9 1.0 160.77 29.00157 -84.7 0.52 0.4 720.0 160.917 0.01 -58.00214 251.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.3 637.8 395.2 0.00186 119.2 603.00 70.6 -16.8 0.8 125.00 0.0 p= 2.0 200.71 -58.0019 143.42 -59.4 0.00201 196.7036 6.00157 -84.6608 0.00168 0.00186 119.053 R600a T [C] -50.16 51.00 80.9 0.01819 578.00893 519.9 0.00 20.9 0.00 -30.5 1.56 0.0 p= 4.0 p= 3.35 0.7 1.7 0.2 0.67 -15.9 1.00191 144.997 0.3 291.742 0.00208 224.813 0.19 52.00175 47.00157 -84.3 0.4 261.7 0.9 1.002 195.8 1.00159 -64.07955 0.9 710.0 120.9042 0.00 50.19 76.165 0.99 -78.6 624.28 0.00 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.2 325.00195 169 176.00409 453.35 0.0 170.0 120.0 170.0 140.59 0.00 60.88 -37.3 729.0 140.25 0.9773 0.4 231.08099 0.939 0.8117 0.6 756.4 608.0 150.2601 0.3 568.01669 643.25 75.00238 315.00216 253.6 1.00 70.01014 597.015 0.01348 635 682.4 748.7384 0.1741 0.00178 70.091 0.00235 312.00 40.0 150.02021 626.77 0.50 [MPa] v u h s 3 [m /kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg] [kJ/kg K] 0.93 0.00225 283.9922 0.0 110.76 0.01164 581.00223 281.5 0.8203 0.0 170.01103 510.00 100.28 0.0023 287.00 20.1 0.7 203.01048 553 589.332 0.2575 0.4 356.0 150.00 30.1 1.4 1.015 686.00178 70.8 203.8986 0.23 -38.00479 0.825 0.0 150.46 -79.01182 652.08918 0.4 99.00182 94.6544 0.1 1.2 1.2 231.00 -40.21 -0.7 261.6 0.93 -0.85 0.47 -0.0 180.0 140.00196 170.3 0.00 80.2563 0.00217 254.4 150.568 0.2 260.2546 0.2 730.3 323.338 0.7 322.00165 -20.955 0.0021 227 232.719 0.5 125 0.01259 540.00168 1.8 124.5 0.6 150.545 0.0 190.24 -0.6 699.01424 502.71 75.00 -40.0 10.4 1.00 -10.00157 -84.9 562.43 -0.00256 350.3164 7.9843 0.834 0.43 -0.1724 0.6 1.00 40.4996 0.1707 0.08383 0.5801 0.75 -0.Appendici R600a T [C] -50.0 120.00 90.977 R600a T [C] -50.4167 0.0 10.00162 -42.69 -0.2 0.9 551.00 -10.7 260.4145 0.00177 69.4124 0.00 80.00241 318.6 0.336 0.3512 0.00162 -42.571 0.643 0.095 6.00 0.00 30.02285 699.01828 693.00162 -43.8 1.5 1.00168 1.00185 117.9 1.6576 0.6 1.00167 0.01705 554.08757 0.7 0.6514 0.9 1.4 290.8 0.8 176.169 0.00 -10.757 0.00202 197.0 130.00298 394.55 -0.00 -40.0 110.63 28.6 327.2588 0.0 170.2 0.00207 223.00 0.00 60.00 50.7422 0.72 -0.4 359.0 160.076 0.0 140.01577 529.00165 -21.8934 0.7 203.1684 0.9 538.879 0.00 100.01382 567.7 650.00328 0.2 124.01103 625.08598 0.547 0.8 1.691 0.702 0.8 150.7312 0.1697 0.6 0.01923 602.8 1.0016 -63.00203 198.4 469.0 200.00 70.00 80.9104 0.6 231.00 90.3 292.1 150.00195 169.2 637.3 0.00 20.00 60.7 203.7 652.0 110.9 1.00178 69.01261 608.0 130.3 -57.00171 22.6 293.8 543.96 -16.08 -0.0 130.2 29.00186 118.00227 285.00174 46.896 0.5 1.00181 93.0 200.00171 23.8 677.01 99.4 0.2 2.5773 0.00 -20.6 0.0 130.00908 567.9 703.02113 650.17 -0.7 622.4947 0.01253 679.93 -0.00631 0.9 0.00 70.82 0.00162 -42.3 1.00159 -63.00 100.4 693.72 52.31 -15.0 160.7 363.9 1.664 0.5 0.01487 593.00174 45.2 -36.192 0.88 0.5719 0.0 120.00251 346.0 10.7 0.0 190.014 R600a T [C] -50.00 -20.01751 668.0 180.8 1.334 0.

327 1.501 14.307 14.387 1.825 0.098 1.003 1.712 0.744 0.047 1.017 1.476 14.480 10.376 1.239 1.005 1.392 1.400 1.814 0.783 0.918 0.003 1.427 14.065 1.370 1.695 14.857 0.100 1.400 1.197 1.148 1.039 1.888 1.074 1.365 1.866 0.039 1.400 1.668 0.706 0.181 0.063 1.029 1.126 1.054 1.789 0.980 1.051 1.657 0.046 1.008 1.767 0.015 1.099 1.220 1.790 0.075 1.913 0.771 0.314 1.751 0.788 0.040 1.405 10.956 0.398 1. cv e k per vari gas ideali in funzione di T Temp K cp 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 1.927 10.343 1.794 0.778 0.698 10.791 0.800 0.169 1.750 0.075 1.193 1.834 0.110 1.063 1.213 1.521 10.405 1.397 1.746 0.387 1.381 1.658 0.396 1.370 1.400 1.822 14.391 1.422 10.394 1.913 0.376 1.207 1.387 1.813 0.319 1.830 1.183 10.825 0.570 10.380 Temp K 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 Temp K 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 .389 10.343 1.229 1.382 1.102 1.928 0.145 1.382 1.395 1.398 1.395 1.447 10.373 1.513 14.829 0.859 1.075 1.376 1.392 1.764 0.941 0.870 0.371 1.397 1.391 1.747 0.721 0.728 0.401 1.359 1.653 0.398 1.696 0.352 10.778 0.416 1.759 0.726 0.743 0.360 1.087 1.758 0.812 0.086 1.Valori di cp.546 14.252 1.049 1.742 0.121 1.959 0.364 1.185 14.234 0.816 0.365 1.743 0.395 1.341 Temp Anidride Carbonica K cp cv k Monoss.390 1.056 1.842 0.013 1.302 10.045 1.396 1.790 0.288 1.202 1.344 1.602 0.204 1.126 1.358 1.776 0.803 0.186 1.385 1.031 1.389 1.398 1.718 0.335 Ossigeno cv k 0.020 1.377 10.268 1.075 1.337 1.121 1.163 1.571 14.349 1.886 0.087 1.983 0. di Carbonio cp cv k cp 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 900 1000 1.044 1.113 1.752 0.988 1.846 0.090 1.530 14.336 1.043 1.849 0.400 1.801 0.350 1.041 1.399 1.313 Idrogeno cv k 9.039 1.743 0.332 1.043 1.742 0.358 1.382 1.972 0.645 14.395 1.978 1.054 1.681 0.139 1.753 0.398 1.855 k cp Azoto cv k cp 1.395 1.744 0.399 1.051 14.167 0.939 0.895 0.142 Aria cv 0.364 1.354 1.604 14.353 1.757 0.937 0.014 1.768 0.040 1.733 0.716 0.

liq.Appendici Valori del calore specifico c per liquidi Liquido Ammoniaca Alcool etilico Glicerina Mercurio Refrigerante 12 Acqua Stato sat. 10°C 1 atm.903 0. 0°C 1 atm.56 1.58 0.67 5.393 a-33 .385 0. liq.134 0. 100°C c (kJ/kgK) 4. 10°C 1 atm.138 0.447 1.52 4. 10°C sat.. liq. 315°C sat..235 0. 20°C 1 atm.. 25°C 1 atm.217 4. liq.90 0. liq. -20°C sat. -20°C sat.179 4.218 Valori del calore specifico c per solidi Solido Alluminio Argento Ferro Ghiaccio Piombo Rame T (K) 300 300 300 200 240 273 300 300 400 c (kJ/kg K) 0.86 2.96 4.32 2. 50°C 1 atm.. 50°C 1 atm.11 0.. 27°C 1 atm.10 2.43 2.129 0.

s). intensità luminosa (candela. Le unità definite con questa procedura hanno il pregio della razionalità. Le loro definizioni sono riportate alla fine dell’ appendice. Soltanto all’inizio dell’800. le cui unità sono definite dalla loro stessa procedura di misura. od un suo multiplo o sottomultiplo) è contenuto nella grandezza da misurare. La pressione (forza diviso superficie) ha come unità di misura N/m2. massa (chilogrammo. Tra le numerosissime grandezze derivate. Alcune misure (es.Unità di misura – Sistema Internazionale Per caratterizzare un sistema fisico. quelle di lunghezza sono di tipo diretto. o la differenza di potenziale ai capi di un dispositivo elettronico. etc. la temperatura. talvolta esse sono troppo grandi o troppo piccole rispetto alle grandezze con cui di ha a che fare in pratica. per cui nella pratica si usano i a-34 . kg). 102 milli m 1 10 micro μ nano n 10-1 pico p -2 10 femto f atto a Fattore 10-3 10-6 10-9 10-12 10-15 10-18 Tabella 1: prefissi per multipli e sottomultipli nel sistema SI. m) e tempo (il secondo. quelle che ci interessano maggiormente sono la forza (newton. per cui è necessario usare i loro multipli o sottomultipli. Ad esempio. I prefissi definiti variano da 10-18 a 1018 e sono riportati nella seguente tabella 1. s). che è culminato nella creazione del Sistema Internazionale di Unità di Misura. il volume. detto anche pascal (Pa). con la introduzione del sistema metrico decimale. non è necessaria una ulteriore unità fondamentale per la velocità: essendo la velocità uguale allo spazio diviso il tempo. corrente elettrica (ampere. indicato semplicemente come sistema SI. J=N m) e la potenza (watt. la sua unità è m/s. mol). • e di grandezze derivate. il lavoro (joule. W=J/s). Le unità di misura sono state definite dall’uomo nel corso della storia in maniera caotica e scoordinata. Essi si ottengono aggiungendo un prefisso alla grandezza. La pressione atmosferica standard equivale a 101325 Pa. è iniziato un processo di razionalizzazione e unificazione. in quanto non richiedono l’introduzione di fattori di conversione all’interno delle formule. Le grandezze fondamentali di cui abbiamo bisogno sono solo sette: lunghezza (metro. E P T G M k Fattore 1018 1015 1012 109 106 103 Prefisso Simb. ammontare di sostanza (mole. N=kg m/s2). temperatura (kelvin. Tale sistema è basato sulla definizione di: • un numero limitato di grandezze fondamentali. si misura la lunghezza di una colonnina di mercurio. A). Prefisso exa peta tera giga mega kilo Simb. La maggior parte delle misure è tuttavia di tipo indiretto. una volta definite le unità fondamentali di spazio (il metro. etto h deca da deci centi d c Fattore Prefisso Simb. siamo soliti definirne le proprietà: tali sono ad esempio la lunghezza. per contro. Misurare vuol dire assegnare mediante una procedura codificata un numero per rappresentare una proprietà. ovvero si va a vedere quante volte un campione (in questo caso il metro. K). cd). tempo (secondo. ovvero si misura in realtà una proprietà correlata in maniera nota a quella da misurare effettivamente: nel caso della temperatura. m).Appendici APPENDICE 4 . le cui unità di misura derivano dalle leggi fisiche che le definiscono.

12 10 3.163 10 1.3596 859.Appendici multipli kPa o MPa.42 10-3 1 0.1740 lbf 0.205 0.36 107 1055.02 10-6 0.6 MJ). E’ molto usato anche il bar (100 kPa) che però non è un multiplo standard del sistema SI.97 -7 -7 -4 0.93 10-2 98066. la British Thermal Unit (1 BTU= 1016 J). ed.06 107 kgf m kWh Cvh kcalIT lbf ft BtuIT 0.24 10 1 1.68 10-5 6.355 10-2 51.033 1.81 107 3.4536 pdl 7.78 10-7 0.72 10-6 3.138 4. Accanto alle unità SI (il cui uso è obbligatorio per legge nei documenti ufficiali.595 1. sezione P.948 10-3 -7 -14 -14 -10 -7 0.58 10 1 3.22 1.41 103 270000 0. Ad esempio.29 10-3 -4 -4 107.23 10-5 70.8 107 1.77 10 5.02 10-5 1. Per maggiori dettagli si veda ad es.5 10-4 1.7 1 10-4 7.783 0.9 1 32.25 10-6 2.239 10 0.6 2.987 1 1.07 14.239 10-3 0.696 1.3 10-3 5 6 3.5 10-3 7.09 103 3.36 1 lbf ft= 1055.41 10-2 0.78 10 0.38 104 4.45 10-4 14.102 2.102 10 2.102 1.980665 9.31 10-3 7.031 1 * valore esatto per convenzione internazionale approssimato a 9.81 105 1. sono unità pratiche di energia la kilocaloria (1 kcal = 4186 J) ed il chilowattora (1 kWh = 3.252 778.76 0.89 10-2 0. Tabelle di conversione tra unità di misura a) Unità di forza Unità di misura N 1 10-5 9.9 1.8 1.783 10 0.225 2.6 106 1 kWh= 6 1 Cvh= 2.01325 1.44 105 kgf 0.138 3.0102 1.33 10-3 9. che è necessario convertire con appositi fattori di conversione (vedi tabelle seguenti).5 9.648 10 1 kcalIT= 4186. Colombo.169 1 a-35 .81 10-5 6.322 10-5 1 0.033 10-4 13.648 1013 4186.44 1N= 1 dina = 1 kgf = 1 pdl** = 1 lbf = dine 105 1 9.78 10 3.735 1 632.5 7.06 1 BtuIT= erg 107 1 9.03 10-2 104 1 703. anche se spesso questa regola viene violata) sopravvivono le vecchie unità pratiche.80665 6894.02 10-6 1 1.87 10-7 7.6 10 1 1.80665* 0.8 10-2 735.953 106 2509.968 9.23 7. Manuale dell’Ingegnere.845 2.1 10-6 9.102 102 10-2 1.5 14.93 10 3.34 10-3 7.87 10-6 0. Hoepli.02 1.704 10-6 2.98 10 0.81 nei calcoli pratici ** (lbm ft/s2) Poundal b) Unità di pressione Pa bar atm torr at Kgf/m2 psi 1 105 101325 133.45 10-5 Unità di misura 1 Pa = 1 bar = 1 atm = 1 torr = (mm Hg) 1 at = 1 kgf/m2 1 psi (lbf/in2) 1 baria (dine/cm2) c) Unità di energia Unità di misura J 1 1 J= -7 10 1 erg= 1 kgf m= 9.6 -3 -3 426.23 9.78 10-7 3.80665 3.4 1.5 10-2 760 1 1.359 10-3 0.6 1013 2.948 10-10 1 2.66 10 3.

lunghezza del tragitto percorso dalla luce nel vuoto in un intervallo di tempo di 1/(299 792 458) di secondo.5 1. posti alla distanza di un metro l’uno dall’altro nel vuoto.997925 ± 0. metro (m).5 0. conservato al museo di pesi e misure di Sevres. kilogrammo (kg): la massa del prototipo internazionale del kilogrammo. 6.84 10-3 3.673 10 -8 W/m2 K4 Costante di Planck h = (6.16 della temperatura termodinamica del punto triplo dell’acqua.293 0.80665 735.36 10-3 1. mole (mol): la quantità di sostanza di un sistema che contiene tanti atomi quanti ve ne sono in 0.46 2509.216 3. ampere (A): l’intensità di una corrente elettrica costante che.36 0.0006 m3/kmol normali (1 bar e 273. a-36 . ndr).585 1 0.325 kPa (a livello del mare) Accelerazione standard di gravità g0 = 9. kelvin (K): la frazione 1/273.00007) 10-23 J/K Velocità della luce nel vuoto c0 = (2. di sezione circolare trascurabile.012 kg di carbonio 12 (pari al numero di Avogadro. Parigi.000003) 108 m/s Costante universale dei gas Numero di Avogadro Definizioni delle grandezze fondamentali • • • • • • • secondo (s): la durata di 9 192 631 770 periodi della radiazione corrispondente alla transizione tra i due livelli iperfini dello stato fondamentale dell’atomo di cesio 133.62517 ± 0.80665 m/s2 Costante di Stefan-Boltzmann s = 5. mantenuta in due conduttori rettilinei paralleli di lunghezza infinita.23 542.414 33.38045 ± 0.432 632.626 1 Costanti fisiche notevoli R = 8.Appendici d) Unità di potenza Unità di misura W kgf m/s Cv kcalIT/h ft lbf/s BtuIT/h 1 W= 1 kgf m/s= 1 Cv= 1 kcalIT/h= 1 ft lbf/s= 1 BtuIT/h= 1 9.98 10-4 0. candela (cd): l’intensità luminosa.00016) 1026 molecole/kmol Volume molare del gas ideale in condizioni V0 = 22.97 4. produrrebbe tra gli stessi una forza pari a 2x10-7 N per metro di lunghezza.33 10-2 1 1.6 3.166 0.4 1 1.738 7.8594 8.252 0.102 1 75 0.00034 kJ/kmol K NA = (6.02293 ± 0.4139 ± 0.023x1023. in una determinata direzione.988 10-2 1.00023) 10-34 J/K Costante di Boltzmann k = (1.15 K) Pressione atmosferica standard p = 101. di una sorgente che emette una radiazione monocromatica di frequenza 540x1012 Hz e la cui intensità in tale direzione è di 1/683 di watt per steradiante.163 1.31445 ± 0.58 10-3 1.1186 0.138 2.

E’ consigliabile lavorare con le equazioni. direttamente o indirettamente. Nella maggior parte delle analisi si usano. Alla fine. Analisi: Utilizzando tutte le assunzioni e le idealizzazioni fatte. Questo richiede di aver letto il problema attentamente e di aver attentamente pensato ad esso. una o più delle seguenti tre equazioni di bilancio. spesso ci si dimentica che il numero delle incognite deve essere pari a quello delle equazioni indipendenti che si hanno a disposizione.). le tabelle. Variabili note: Descrivere concisamente e con parole proprie che cosa è noto. selezionando ad esempio alcune equazioni che sembrano appropriate. Quando le equazioni sono ridotte alla loro forma finale. che sono indipendenti dalla particolare sostanza o sostanze considerate e dal tipo di trasformazione che avviene: • conservazione della massa • conservazione dell’energia • secondo principio della termodinamica In aggiunta. aperto. Decidere ad esempio se un sistema chiuso od aperto sono appropriati per l’analisi ed identificarne con precisione il contorno. In ogni caso. il sistema è chiuso. Per quanto possa sembrare ovvio. etc. sostituendo numeri o semplicemente affidarsi al calcolatore. Devono quindi essere prese in considerazione le leggi fisiche che governano il comportamento del sistema e le altre relazioni pertinenti (es. Per ottenere buoni risultati è necessario seguire un approccio sistematico. Variabili da determinare: Definire in maniera concisa e con proprie parole che cosa deve essere determinato. semplificare le equazioni che governano il fenomeno fino a formare la sequenza di esse che produrrà il risultato. se possibile. le pareti sono adiabatiche. considerare se le grandezze dei valori numerici sembrano ragionevoli e se i segni algebrici associati ai valori numerici sono corretti a-37 . Dati schematici: Disegnare un piccolo quadro rappresentativo del sistema in considerazione.Appendici APPENDICE 5 – Metodologia di risoluzione di problemi di termodinamica Il primo passo in una analisi termodinamica è la identificazione del sistema delle sue interazioni con l’esterno (es. Identificare i diagrammi di stato che contengono rilevanti informazioni circa il problema in esame e disegnarli. localizzando i punti chiave e indicando. leggi costitutive della sostanza presente nel sistema). sostituire i valori numerici all’interno delle equazioni. analizzarle per vedere quali dati aggiuntivi sono richiesti. per evitare la accumulazione degli errori di arrotondamento nei calcoli successivi. i calcoli devono essere condotti con un numero di cifre significative superiore (ma non eccessivamente!) a quello con cui si vuole ottenere la soluzione finale. il più a lungo possibile. di solito è necessario aggiungere i legami tra le proprietà della particolare sostanza o sostanze considerate: le cosiddette equazioni di stato della sostanza. E’ fortemente consigliato perciò che la soluzione di un problema sia organizzata utilizzando i seguenti passi. i diagrammi o le equazioni aggiuntive eventualmente necessarie. la trasformazione eseguita dal sistema. Assunzioni: Elencare tutte le assunzioni semplificative e le idealizzazioni che possono essere fatte. senza sostituire valori numerici. Identificare i dati. Controllare se c’è uniformità a livello dimensionale e quindi eseguire i calcoli richiesti. Bisogna evitare la tentazione di cominciare il problema dal mezzo. Quando tutti i dati e tutte le equazioni sono disponibili.