A RESEARCH REPORT ON

“A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION TOWARD PERFORMANCE OF HERO HONDA, TVS AND BAJAJ BIKES” (A CASE OF BAREILLY CITY)

SUBMITTED FOR APPROVAL FOR CONDUCT OF FIELD RESEARCH FOR PARTIAL FULLFILLMENT OF THE MASTER IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEGREE FROM U.P. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY, LUCKNOW

Under the Kind Guidance of:
Mr. PANKAJ DIXIT Co-ordinator Management R.B.M.I. Bareilly

Submitted By:
DESH RAJ SINGH M.B.A. IV - Sem Roll No. :-0701670033

SUBMITTED TO:
DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION

RAKSHPAL BAHADUR MANAGEMENT INSTITUTE, BAREILLY (U.P.)

DECLERATION
I, Desh Raj Singh, student of M.B.A IV sem (university roll no.0701670033) at RBMI; hereby declare that I have completed my research report on the topic titled “A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION TOWARD PERFORMANCE OF HERO HONDA, TVS AND BAJAJ BIKES” as a compulsory part of my course curriculum. The information provided in the report is original and has not been copied from anywhere. This report is not submitted to any other university/institute for the award of any other degree/diploma.

DESH RAJ SINGH MBA IV Sem. Roll No. 0701670033

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

“NO MAN IS COMPLETE IN KNOWLEDGE BUT SINGLE RAY OF KNOWLEDGE CAN BE HELPFUL TO MAN”.
The research on “A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CUSTOMER

SATISFACTION TOWARD PERFORMANCE OF HERO HONDA, TVS AND BAJAJ BIKES” has been given to me as part of the curriculum in Two-Years Masters Degree in Business Administration. I have tried my best to present this information as clearly as possible using basic terms that I hope will be comprehended by the widest spectrum of researchers, analysts and students for further studies. I have completed this study under the able guidance and supervision of Mr. Pankaj Dixit; I will be failed in my duty if I do not acknowledge the esteemed scholarly guidance, assistance and knowledge. I have received from them towards fruitful and timely completion of this work. Mere acknowledgement may not redeem the debt I owe to my parents for their direct/indirect support during the entire course of this project.

“GUIDANCE PROGRESS”.

IS

THE

BEST

IN

THE

WAY

I also thankful to my friend who helped me a lot in the completion of this project.

DESH RAJ SINGH

CONTENTS
1. HISTORY OF BAJAJ  Profile  Key Person  Bajaj Introduction  Company History  Timeline Of New Release 2. HISTORY OF HERO HONDA  Board Of Directors  Company Profile 3. HISTORY OF TVS
4. OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH

5. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY  Data Source  Research Approach  Sampling Unit  Data Completion And Analysis  Scope 6. LIMITATION OF RESEARCH STUDY 7. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 8. FINDINGS 9. CONCLUSION 10. RECOMMENDATION
11. BIBLIOGRAPHY 12.QUETIONNAIRE

Bajaj Auto limited is one of the largest two wheeler manufacturing company in India apart from producing two wheelers they also manufacture three wheelers. The company had started way back in 1945. Initially it used to import the two wheelers from outside, but from 1959 it started manufacturing of two wheelers in the country. By the year 1970 Bajaj Auto had rolled out their 100,000th vehicle. Bajaj scooters and motor cycles have become an integral part of the Indian milieu and over the years have come to represent the aspirations of modern India. Bajaj Auto also has a technical tie up with Kawasaki heavy industries of Japan to produce the latest motorcycles in India which are of world class quality The Bajaj Kawasaki eliminator has emerged straight out of the drawing board of Kawasaki heavy industries. The core brand values of Bajaj Auto limited includes Learning, Innovation, Perfection, Speed and Transparency. Bajaj Auto has three manufacturing units in the country at Akurdi, Waluj and Chakan in Maharashtra, western India, which produced 2,314,787 vehicles in 200506. The sales are backed by a network of after sales service and maintenance work shops all over the country.

Bajaj Auto has products which cater to every segment of the Indian two wheeler market Bajaj CT 100 Dlx offers a great value for money at the entry level. Similarly Bajaj Discover 125 offers the consumer a great performance without making a big hole in the pocket.

PROFILE:
Founder Year of Establishment Industry Business Group Listings & its codes Presence Jamnalal Bajaj 1926 Automotive - Two & Three Wheelers The Bajaj Group BSE – Code: 500490; NSE - Code: BAJAJAUTO Distribution Columbia, Indonesia. Joint Venture Registered & Head Office Kawasaki Heavy Industries of Japan Akurdi Pune - 411035 India Tel.: +(91)-(20)-27472851 Fax: +(91)-(20)-27473398 Works
• • •

network Guatemala,

covers Peru,

50 Egypt,

countries. Iran and

Dominant presence

in Sri

Lanka, Bangladesh,

Akurdi, Pune 411035 Bajaj Nagar, Waluj Aurangabad 431136 Chakan Industrial Area, Chakan, Pune 411501

E-mail Website

rahulbajaj@bajajauto.co.in www.bajajauto.com

KEY PERSONS:
Board of Directors Rahul Bajaj Madhur Bajaj Rajiv Bajaj Chairman Vice Chairman & Whole-Time Director Managing Director

Sanjiv Bajaj D.S. Mehta Kantikumar R. Podar Shekhar Bajaj D.J. Balaji Rao J.N. Godrej S.H. Khan Mrs. Suman Kirloskar Naresh Chandra Nanoo Pamnani Manish Kejriwal P Murari Niraj Bajaj

Executive Director Whole-Time Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director Director

Committees of the Board Audit Committee S.H. Khan D.J. Balaji Rao J.N. Godrej Naresh Chandra Nanoo Pamnani Chairman

Shareholders’ & Investors’ Grievance committee D.J. Balaji Rao J.N. Godrej Naresh Chandra S. H. Khan Chairman

Remuneration committee D.J. Balaji Rao S.H. Khan Naresh Chandra Chairman

Registered under the Indian Companies Act, VII of 1913 REGISTERED OFFICE WORKS Akurdi, Pune 411 035 Akurdi, Pune 411 035 Bajaj Nagar, Waluj Aurangabad 431 136 Chakan Industrial Area, Chakan, Pune 411 501

Bajaj Autos Ltd.
Bajaj Auto Limited

Type Founded Headquarters Key people Revenue Net income Employees Website

Public 1945 Pune, India Rahul Bajaj (Chairman) Rs. 1,01,063 billion (2006) or USD 1.87 billion Rs. 17,016 billion ??? www.bajajauto.com

Bajaj Auto is a major Indian automobile manufacturer. It is India's largest and the world's 4th largest two- and three-wheeler maker. It is based in Pune, Maharashtra,

with plants in Waluj near Aurangabad, Akurdi and Chakan, near Pune. Bajaj Auto makes motorscooters, motorcycles and the auto rickshaw.

COMPANY'S HISTORY
Bajaj Auto came into existence on November 29, 1945 as M/s Bachraj Trading Corporation Private Limited. It started off by selling imported two- and threewheelers in India. In 1959, it obtained license from the Government of India to manufacture two- and three-wheelers and it went public in 1960. In 1970, it rolled out its 100,000th vehicle. In 1977, it managed to produce and sell 100,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1985, it started producing at Waluj in Aurangabad. In 1986, it managed to produce and sell 500,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1995, it rolled out its ten millionth vehicle and produced and sold 1 million vehicles in a year.

Timeline of new releases
             

1971 - three-wheeler goods carrier 1972 - Bajaj Chetak 1976 - Bajaj Super 1977 - Rear engine Autorickshaw 1981 - Bajaj M-50 1986 - Bajaj M-80, Kawasaki Bajaj KB100 1990 - Bajaj Sunny 1994 - Bajaj Classic 1995 - Bajaj Super Excel 1997 - Kawasaki Bajaj Boxer, Rear Engine Diesel Autorickshaw 1998 - Kawasaki Bajaj Caliber, Legend(India's first four-stroke scooter) 2000 - Bajaj Saffire 2001 - Eliminator, Pulsar 2003 - Caliber115, Bajaj Wind 125, Bajaj Pulsar

2004 - Bajaj CT 100, New Bajaj Chetak 4-stroke with Wonder Gear, Bajaj Discover DTS-i 2005 - Bajaj Wave, Bajaj Avenger, Bajaj Discover 2006 - Bajaj Platina 2007 - Bajaj Pulsar-200

  

Scooters
     

Bajaj Sunny Bajaj Chetak Bajaj Cub Bajaj Super Bajaj Wave Bajaj Legend

Motorcycles
         

Kawasaki Eliminator Bajaj Pulsar Bajaj Kawasaki Wind 125 Bajaj Boxer Bajaj CT 100 Bajaj Platina Bajaj Caliber Bajaj Discover Bajaj Avenger Bajaj Pulsar 220 DTS-Fi

Upcoming Models
   

Bajaj Krystal Bajaj Blade Bajaj Sonic Bajaj XCD String

New Image
The company, over the last decade has successfully changed its image from a scooter manufacturer to a two wheeler manufacturer, product range ranging from Scooterettes to Scooters to Motorcycle. Its real growth in numbers has come in the last 4 years after successful introduction of a few models in the motorcycle segment.The company is headed by Rahul Bajaj who is worth more than US$1.5 billion.

India has the largest number of two wheelers in the world with 41.6 million vehicles. India has a mix of 30 percent automobiles and 70 percent two wheelers in the country. India was the second largest two wheeler manufacturer in the world starting in the 1950’s with the birth of Automobile Products of India (API) that manufactured scooters. API manufactured the Lambrettas but, another company, Bajaj Auto Ltd. surpassed API and remained through the turn of the century from its association with Piaggio of Italy (manufacturer of Vespa). The license raj that existed between the1940s to1980s in India, did not allow foreign companies to enter the market and imports were tightly controlled. This regulatory maze, before the economic liberalization, made business easier for local players to have a seller’s market. Customers in India were forced to wait 12 years to buy a scooter from Bajaj. The CEO of Bajaj commented that he did not need a marketing department, only a dispatch department. By the year 1990, Bajaj had a waiting list that was twenty-six times its annual output for scooters. The motorcycle segment had the same long wait times with three manufacturers; Royal Enfield, Ideal Jawa, and Escorts. Royal Enfield made a 350cc Bullet with the only four-stroke engine at that time and took the higher end of the market but, there was little competition for their customers. Ideal Jawa and Escorts took the middle and lower end of the market respectively.In the mid-1980s, the Indian government regulations changed and permitted foreign companies to enter the Indian market through minority joint ventures. The two-wheeler market changed with four IndoJapanese joint ventures: Hero Honda, TVS Suzuki, Bajaj Kawasaki and Kinetic Honda. The entry of these foreign companies changed the Indian market dynamics from the supply side to the demand side. With a larger selection of two-wheelers on

the Indian market, consumers started to gain influence over the products they bought and raised higher customer expectations. The industry produced more models, styling options, prices, and different fuel efficiencies. The foreign companies new technologies helped make the products more reliable and with better quality. Indian companies had to change to keep up with their global counterparts.

BOARD OF DIRECTORS
No. Name of the Directors 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Mr. Brijmohan Lall Munjal Mr. Pawan Munjal Mr. Toshiaki Nakagawa Mr. Takao Eguchi Mr. Satyanand Munjal Mr. Om Prakash Munjal Mr. Tatsuhiro Oyama Mr. Masahiro Takedagawa Mr. Narinder Nath Vohra Mr. Pradeep Dinodia Gen.(Retd.) Ved Prakash Malik Mr. Analjit Singh Dr. Pritam Singh Ms. Shobhana Bhartia Dr. Vijay Laxman Kelkar Designation Chairman & Whole-time Director Managing Director Jt. Managing Director Whole-time Director Non-executive Director Non-executive Director Non-executive Director Non-executive Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director Non-executive & Independent Director

Hero Honda Motorcycle Ltd.

Type Founded Headquarters

Public company BSE:HEROHONDA M January 19, 1984 in Gurgaon, Haryana, India Haryana, India Om Prakash Munjal, Founder

Key people

Mr. Brijmohan Lall Munjal, Mr. Toshiaki Nakagawa, Joint Managing Director Mr. Pawan Munjal, Managing Director Automotive Motorcycles, Scooters U$ 2.8 billion http://www.herohonda.com/site/home/home.asp

Chairman

Industry Products Revenue Website

HERO HONDA HEADQUARTERS

Hero Honda Motorcycles Limited is an Indian manufacturer of motorcycles and scooters. Hero Honda is a joint venture that began in 1984 between the Hero group of India and Honda from Japan. It has been the world's biggest manufacturer of 2wheeled motorized vehicles since 2001, when it produced 1.3 million motorbikes in a single year. Hero Honda's Splendor is the world's largest selling motorcycle. Its 2 plants are in Dharuhera and Gurgaon, both in Haryana, India. It specializes in dual use motorcycles that are low powered but very fuel efficient.

[ Models ]
Bikes
         

Hero Honda Splendor Plus Hero Honda Passion Plus Hero Honda Karizma Hero Honda CBZ Hero Honda Super Splendor Hero Honda CD Dawn Hero Honda CD Deluxe Hero Honda Achiever Hero Honda Glamour Hero Honda Ambition

Hero Honda "Splendor" Model

COMPANY PROFILE
“Hero”, is the brand name used by the Munjal brothers in the year 1956 with the flagship company Hero Cycles. The two-wheeler manufacturing business of bicycle components had originally started in the 1940’s and turned into the world’s largest bicycle manufacturer today. Hero, is a name synonymous with two-wheelers in India today. The Munjals roll their own steel, make free wheel bicycle critical components and have diversified into different ventures like product design. The Hero Group philosophy is: “To provide excellent transportation to the common man at easily affordable prices and to provide total satisfaction in all its spheres of activity”. The Hero group vision is to build long lasting relationships with everyone (customers, workers, dealers and vendors). The Hero Group has a passion for setting higher standards and “Engineering Satisfaction” is the prime motivation, way of life and work culture of the Group. In the year 1984, Mr. Brijmohan Lal Munjal, the Chairman and Managing Director of Hero Honda Motors (HHM), headed an alliance between the Munjal family and Honda Motor Company Ltd. (HMC). HHM Mission Statement is: “We, at Hero Honda, are continuously striving for synergy between technology, systems, and human resources to provide products and services that meet the quality, performance, and price aspirations of our customers. While doing so, we maintain the highest standards of ethics and societal responsibilities, constantly innovate products and processes, and develop teams that keep the momentum going to take the company to excellence in the new millennium”. This alliance became one of the most successful joint ventures in India, until the year 1999 when HMC had announced a 100% subsidiary, Honda Motorcycle & Scooter India (HMSI). This announcement caused the HHM stock price to decrease by 30 percent that same day. Munjal had to come up with some new strategic decisions as, HMSI and other foreign new entry companies were causing increased intensity of rivalry for HHM. GROWTHThe business growth of Hero Honda has been phenomenal throughout its early days. The Munjal family started a modest business of bicycle components. Hero Group expanded so big that by 2002 they had sold 86 million bicycles producing 16000 bicycles a day. Today Hero Honda has an assembly line of 9 different models of motorcycles available. It holds the record for most popular bike in the world by sales for Its Splendor model. Hero Honda Motors Limited was established in joint venture with Honda Motors of Japan in 1984, to manufacture motorcycles. It is

currently the largest producer of Two Wheelers in the world. It sold 3 million bikes in the year 2005-2006. Recently it has also entered in scooter manufacturing, with its model PLEASURE mainly aimed at girls. The Hero Group has done business differently right from the start and that is what has helped them to achieve breakthrough in the competitive two-wheeler market. The Group's low key, but focused, style of management has earned the company plaudits amidst investors, employees, vendors and dealers, as also worldwide recognition.The growth of the Group through the years has been influenced by a number of factors:

Just-in-Time
The Hero Group through the Hero Cycles Division was the first to introduce the concept of just-in-time inventory. The Group boasts of superb operational efficiencies. Every assembly line worker operates two machines simultaneously to save time and improve productivity. The fact that most of the machines are either developed or fabricated in-house, has resulted in low inventory levels. In Hero Cycles Limited, the just-in-time inventory principle has been working since the beginning of production in the unit and is functional even till date.. This is the Japanese style of production and in India; Hero is probably the only company to have mastered the art of the just-in-time inventory principle.

Ancillarisation
An integral part of the Group strategy of doing business differently was providing support to ancillary units. There are over 300 ancillary units today, whose production is dedicated to Hero's requirements and also a large number of other vendors, which include some of the better known companies in the automotive segment. Employee Policy: Another Striking feature within the Hero Group is the commitment and dedication of its workers. There is no organized labor union and family members of employees find ready employment within Hero. The philosophy with regard to labor management is "Hero is growing, grow with Hero." When it comes to workers' benefits, the Hero Group is known for providing facilities, further ahead of the industry norms. Long before other companies did so, Hero was giving its employees a uniform allowance, as well as House Rent Allowance (HRA) and Leave Travel Allowance (LTA). Extra

benefits took the form of medical check-ups, not just for workers, but also for the immediate family members.

Dealer Network
The relationship of Hero Group with their dealers is unique in its closeness. The dealers are considered a part of the Hero family. A nation-wide dealer network comprising of over 5,000 outlets, and have a formidable distribution system in place. Sales agents from Hero travels to all the corners of the country, visiting dealers and send back daily postcards with information on the stock position that day, turnover, fresh purchases, anticipated demand and also competitor action in the region. The manufacturing units have a separate department to handle dealer complaints and problems and the first response is always given in 24 hours.

Financial Planning
The Hero Group benefits from the Group Chairman's financial acumen and his grasp on technology, manufacturing and marketing. Group Company, Hero Cycles Limited has one of the highest labor productivity rates in the world. In Hero Honda Motors Limited, the focus is on financial and raw material management and a low employee turnover.

Quality
Quality at Hero is attained not just by modern plants and equipment and through latest technology, but by enforcing a strict discipline. At the Group factories, attaining quality standards is an everyday practice - a strictly pursued discipline. It comes from an amalgamation of the latest technology with deep-rooted experience derived from nearly four decades of hard labor. It is an attitude that masters the challenge of growth and change - change in consumers' perceptions about products and new aspirations arising from a new generation of buyers. Constant technology up gradation ensures that the Group stays in the global mainstream and maintains its competitive edge. With each of its foreign collaborations, the Group goes onto strengthen its quality measures as per the book. The Group also employs the services of independent experts from around the world to assist in new design and production processes.

Diversification
Throughout the years of enormous growth, the Group Chairman, Mr. Lall has actively looked at diversification. A considerable level of backward integration in its manufacturing activities has been ample in the Group's growth and led to the establishment of the Hero Cycles Cold Rolling Division, Munjal and Sunbeam Castings, Munjal Auto Components and Munjal Showa Limited amongst other component-manufacturing units. Then there were the expansion into the automotive segment with the setting up of Majestic Auto Limited, where the first indigenously designed moped, Hero Majestic, went into commercial production in 1978. Then came Hero Motors which introduced Hero Puch, in collaboration with global technology leader Steyr Daimler Puch of Austria. Hero Honda Motors was established in 1984 to manufacture 100 cc motorcycles. The Hero Group also took a venture into other segments like exports, financial services, information technology, which includes customer response services and software development. Further expansion is expected in the areas of Insurance and Telecommunication. The Hero Group's phenomenal growth is the result of constant innovations, a close watch on costs and the dynamic leadership of the Group Chairman, characterized by a culture of entrepreneurship, of right attitudes and building stronger relationships with investors, partners, vendors and dealers and customers

TVS

MOTOR

COMPANY

The TVS group was established in 1911 by Shri. T. V. Sundaram Iyengar. As one of India’s largest industrial entities it epitomizes Trust, Value and Service. It all began way back in 1984 when Sundaram Clayton Limited (A TVS Group company) introduced its 50 CC mopeds in the arena of road racing, notching up unbelievable speeds of 105 kmph. Since then, there has been no looking back for TVS Motor Company. TVS Racing was established in 1987 with the objective of improving the performance of its bikes. Over the years it has provided valuable data, design inputs, development of reliable motorcycle models, excellent vehicle dynamics & handling etc. The true evidence of it is seen in today's TVS Victor and TVS Fiero. Today, there are over thirty companies in the TVS Group, employing more than 40,000 people worldwide and with a turnover in excess of USD 2.2 billion. With steady growth, expansion and diversification, TVS commands a strong presence in manufacturing of two-wheelers, auto components and computer peripherals. We also have vibrant businesses in the distribution of heavy commercial vehicles passenger cars, finance and insurance. TVS Motor Company Limited, the flagship company of the USD 2.2 billion TVS Group, is the third largest two-wheeler manufacturer in India and among the top ten in the world, with an annual turnover of over USD 650 million. The year 1980 is one to be remembered for the Indian two-wheeler industry, with the roll out of TVS 50, India's first two-seater moped that ushered in an era of affordable personal transportation. For the Indian Automobile sector, it was a breakthrough to be etched in history. TVS Motor Company is the first two-wheeler manufacturer in the world to be honoured with the hallmark of Japanese Quality – The Deming Prize for Total Quality Management.

MANY FIRSTS TO THE AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY IN INDIA
TVS has been at the forefront in bringing a revolution in the way personal commutation was happening, way back in the 1980s. Beginning with launching a simple, easy-to-use moped for the middle class in India in the 1980s to launching 7 new bikes in a single day (first time in the history of the automotive industry in the world), TVS has often taken the unbeaten path to innovation.

Ushering in the personal transportation revolution
1980 1984 1994 1996 1997 2000 2001 2004 2006 2007 2008 Launched TVS 50, India's first 2 seater 50 cc moped First Indian company to introduce 100 cc Indo - Japanese motorcycles Launched India's First indigenous scooterette (sub - 100 cc variomatic) TVS Scooty Introduced India's first catalytic converter enabled motorcycle, the 110 cc Shogun Introduced India's first 5 speed motorcycle, Shaolin Launched India's first 150 cc, 4 stroke motorcycle - The Fiero Launched India's first fully indigenously designed and manufactured motorcycle. Launched the revolutionary VT-I engine for the best in class mileage in TVS Centra Launched TVS Apache - first bike to win 6 awards in a row Apache RTR - first two wheeler in India to have racing inspired engine and features. TVS Flame, TVS Scooty Electric Vehicle and Three wheeler TVS King launched.

TVS MOTORS LIMITED.

TVS Motors
Type Founded Headquarters Key people Products Revenue Employees Website Private Conglomerate (BSE) in 1911 by Shri.T V Sundaram Iyengar Chennai, Tamilnadu, India Mr.Venu Srinivasan Chairman Motorcycles,Mopeds,Ungeared scooters, Automotive components USD 2.2 billion (FY 2006) 5,633 (2007) www.tvsmotor.in

TV Sundaram Iyengar and Sons Limited (TVSs) is the holding company for the TVS Group of companies engaged in the manufacturing of almost all kinds of automotive components, best two wheelers and a few other industrial products. They are also into the financial services sector. The turnover of the entire group was close to $2 billion in 2003.TVS was founded by T. V. Sundaram Iyengar in 1911.

It is the only automotive manufacturer in India to get the prestigious Deming Prize. One of its subsidiaries Sundaram Clayton was the first company in India to receive the Deming allowed by Sundaram Brake Linings also getting the Deming Prize. This

prize is "given to organizations or divisions of organizations that have achieved distinctive performance improvement through the application of TQM in a designated year." Sundaram Clayton went on to be awarded the Japan Quality Medal. The TVS group of companies is mainly situated in Padi, Tamil Nadu, in the outskirts of Chennai (formerly Madras).

TVS MOTORS
TVS Motor Company has its origin in SUndaram CLayton Limited, Moped Division, started in 1980. The factory was started in Hosur, Tamilnadu in southern India. The first product launched was a 50 cc moped, which appealed to the masses because of its capability to carry two people. In the same location, the same promotors started another company in 1984, in collaboration with Suzuki Motor Corporation of Japan, for the manufacture of 100 cc motorcycles under the brand name of Ind-Suzuki Motorcycles. Subsequently in the moped division was bought by Ind Suzuki Motorcycles in 1987 and the company changed its name to TVS Suzuki Ltd. Even though the company started producing all kinds of two wheelers like mopeds, scooters and motorcycles, the collaboration with Suzuki continued for the motorcycles only. The collaboration with Suzuki Motor Corporation ended in 2001 and since then the name of the company changed to TVS Motor Company. The company now develops all types of two-wheelers through its own in house R&D facility and manufactures in three locations in India, Hosur in Tamlnadu, Mysore in Karnataka and Baddi in Himachal Pradesh. It has recently started a new manufacturing plant in Indonesia to cater to the South east Asian market. The Chairman and Managing Director of the Company is Mr. Venu Srinivasan who is the grandson of TV Sundaram Iyengar.

TVS Group Companies

     

Sundaram Brake Linings Sundaram Fastners Southern Roadways Sundaram Finance Sundharams Private Limited Brakes India Limited

THE MAJOR PRODUCTS Motorcycles
                       

TVS Ind Suzuki AX 100 TVS MAX 100 TVS MAX R 100 TVS Supra TVS Suzuki Samurai TVS Suzuki Shogun TVS Suzuki Shaolin TVS Suzuki Fiero TVS Fiero TVS Star TVS Star City TVS Star city deluxe TVS Star Sport TVS Fiero F2 TVS Fiero FX TVS Centra TVS Victor (110 cc) TVS Victor GLX (125 cc) TVS Victor EDGE (125 cc) TVS Flame (125 cc,ccvti technology) TVS Apache (150 cc,13.7 Ps @8500rpm) TVS Apache RTR 160 TVS Apache RTR 160 EFI (Electronic Fuel Injection) TVS Flame

Scooterettes
     

TVS Scooty ES (60 cc) TVS Scooty KS (60 cc) TVS Scooty Pep (75 cc) TVS Scooty Pep + (90 cc) TVS Teenz TVS Teenz Electric

Mopeds
       

TVS XL 50(50 cc) TVS XL (60 cc TVS Eco TVS Astra TVS XL Super (60 cc) TVS XL Super Heavy Duty TVS Champ (60 cc) TVS Super Champ (60 cc)

BAJAJ PULSAR 150

Price (ex-showroom, Mumbai)

Rs 49,400-53,000 Top speed 107kph

0-60kph 6.25sec

Kpl 59.6 (overall)

HERO HONDA CBZ X-TREME Price Rs 56000 Displacement 150 cc Weight: 141 Kgs (Kick Start) / 143 Kgs (Electric Start) 4-stroke single cylinder Idle engine speed 1400 rpm

TVS APACHE Price: Rs.58,600/- (Pune) Displacement 150 cc Good Balance, Good brakes 4-stroke single cylinder Electric start & kick start option Six-spoke black alloy wheels

OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH
1. To analyze the customer satisfaction. 2. To analyze the customer preference. 3. To know which manufacturer is providing better services. 4. To analyze after sales services of bikes. 5. To study the behavioral factors of consumers in motor bikes.
6. To suggest various factors to improve sales.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
It is well known fact that the most important step in marketing research process is to define the problem. Choose for investigation because a problem well defined is half solved. That was the reason that at most care was taken while defining various parameters of the problem. After giving through brain storming session, objectives were selected and the set on the base of these objectives. A questionnaire was designed major emphasis of which was gathering new ideas or insight so as to determine and bind out solution to the problems. DATA SOURCE Research included gathering both Primary and Secondary data. Primary data is the first hand data, which are selected a fresh and thus happen to be original in character. Primary Data was crucial to know various customers and past consumer views about bikes and to calculate the market share of this brand in regards to other brands. Secondary data are those which has been collected by some one else and which already have been passed through statistical process. Secondary data has been taken from internet, newspaper, magazines and companies web sites. RESEARCH APPROACH The research approach was used survey method which is a widely used method for data collection and best suited for descriptive type of research survey includes research instrument like questionnaire which can be structured and unstructured. Target population is well identified and various methods like personal interviews and telephone interviews are employed. SAMPLING UNIT It gives the target population that will be sampled. This research was carried in Bareilly (Distt Bareilly). These were 90 respondents.

DATA COMPLETION AND ANALYSIS After the data has been collected, it was tabulated and findings of the project were presented followed by analysis and interpretation to reach certain conclusions.

SCOPE My project was based on the A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION TOWARD PERFORMANCE OF HERO HONDA, TVS AND BAJAJ BIKES and data was taken in the City Bareilly only.

LIMITATIONS
1. Research work was carried out in one Distt of U.P. (BAREILLY) only the finding may not be applicable to the other parts of the country because of social and cultural differences.

2. The sample was collected using connivance-sampling techniques. As such result may not give an exact representation of the population. 3. Shortage of time is also reason for incomprehensiveness.

4. The views of the people are biased therefore it doesn’t reflect true picture.

Q1) Which bike do you have?

Hero Honda Bajaj Any other

30 30 30

INTERPRETATION: - Out of the sample size of 90 customers, 30 customers are of Hero Honda, 30 are of Bajaj and 30 customers of TVS bikes are taken into consideration.

Q2) Which Model do you Have?

Hero Honda Splender Passion Karizma Any other 13 5 2 10

Bajaj CT 100 Discover Pulsar Any other 5 11 10 4

TVS Flame Star City Apache Any other 4 9 7 10

HERO HONDA

INTERPRETATION: - In Hero Honda mostly the customers are having splendor while the ratio of the customers using Passion, Karizma and other bikes are comparatively low.

BAJAJ

INTERPRETATION: - In Bajaj the customers are giving more preference to Discover and Pulsar models. TVS

INTERPRETATION:- In TVS Bikes the customers are givig more preference to the other models rather than Flame,Starcityand Apache.

Q3) In which family Income level do you Fall?

100000-200000 200000-300000 300000-400000 above 400000

22 45 23 10

INTERPRETATION: - The maximum numbers of customers that are using these bikes fall in the income group of 200000-300000. While this ratio is minimum in case of customers whose income level fall between 300000-400000.

Q4) For how long do you own a bike?

0-1 year 1-2 year 2-3 year above 3 year

34 29 26 11

INTERPRETATION: - It is observed that mostly the customers are having new bikes.

Q5) For what purpose do you use your Motor Bike?

Hero Honda

Bajaj

TVS

Office Purpose

13

42

38

Personal purpose

17

15

27

Joy Purpose

10

18

10

Other

40

15

15

INTERPRETATION:- The customers are using their bikes mostly for official and personal purpose.

Q6) How do you come to know about this Motor Bike?

Hero Honda

Bajaj

TVS

Newspaper

28

33

22

Television

22

28

18

Magazine

8

16

28

Friends & Relative

37

13

22

INTERPRETATION: - It is observed that the awareness of Hero Honda bikes mostly comes from friends while of Bajaj and TVS the awareness comes from newspapers and televisions.

Q7) Does Advertisement Influence your decision in choosing a Motor Bike? Yes No Can’t say 65 15 10

INTERPRETATION: - Out of the sample size of 90 customers, 65 customers agrees with the fact that advertisements play a very significant role in influencing their behavior to choose the bike. On the other hand 15 customers do not agree to this fact. While remaining 10 customers are not sure about it.

Q8 Are you satisfied with the performance of the bike that you are currently havin? Yes No Can’t say 55 28 7

INTERPRETATION:- Out of the sample size of 90 customers, 55 customers says that they are satisfied with the performance of their bikes. On the other hand 28 customers are not satisfied with the performance of the bikes that they are having. While the remaining 10 customers are unable to say anything.

Q9) Do you have full knowledge about Bikes before buying? Hero Honda Bajaj TVS 42 Yes 37 No Can’t Say 11 29 31 27 22 34 37

INTERPRETATION:- It is observed that most of the customers are having full knowledge of the bike before purchasing.

Q10) Which Factor below Influence your decision?

Hero Honda

Bajaj

TVS

Price

17

22

28

Mileage

28

15

15

Quality

11

20

16

Resale Value

12

14

17

Status symbol HERO HONDA

32

19

14

INTERPRETATION:- In Hero Honda bikes the mileage of the bike and the value that it adds to the status symbol of the customers influences the decision criteria of most of the customers.

BAJAJ

INTERPRETATION:- In Bajaj bikes customers gets more influenced by the price and quality of the bike and also they think that it adds value to their prestige. TVS

INTERPRETATION: - In TVS bike the economic price of the bikes influences the buying behavior of the customers.

Q11) How would you rate the following factors of Bikes with respect to different company?

Hero Honda 74%

Bajaj 72%

TVS

Mileage

68%

Price

68%

65%

47%

Pick up

70%

80%

62%

Maintenance

58%

62%

74%

Look & Shape

85%

80%

72%

Brand Image

53%

55%

69%

INTERPRETATION: - It is observed that in rating of different features of different bikes people give maximum rating to the look and shape of the bike. At the second level they give their rating to the pick up. At the third level they rate mileage. And at the fourth level they give points to maintenance. At last they rate price and brand image.

Q12) If new Bike with good features comes in, then would you like to change your bike?

Hero Honda

Bajaj

TVS

Yes

10

16

14

No

16

11

11

Can’t say

4

3

5

INTERPRETATION:- It is observed that the customers of Hero Honda bikes are not ready to change their bikes even if a new bike comes in with good features. While majority of the customers of Bajaj and TVS are ready to change their bikes if new bike provides some good features to them.

FINDINGS
During this research project I came in to contact with many customers who are having bikes. It has been found that in Hero Honda mostly the customers are having splendor while the ratio of the customers using Passion, Karizma and other bikes are comparatively low. In Bajaj the customers are giving more preference to Discover and Pulsar models and in case of TVS Bikes the customers are givig more preference to the other models rather than Flame,Starcityand Apache. The maximum numbers of customers that are using these bikes fall in the income group of 200000-300000. It has been observed that the customers are using their bikes mostly for official and personal purpose. It is observed that the awareness of Hero Honda bikes mostly comes from friends while of Bajaj and TVS the awareness comes from newspapers and televisions. Out of the sample size of 90 customers, 65 customers agree with the fact that advertisements play a very significant role in influencing their behavior to choose the bike. On the other hand 15 customers do not agree to this fact. While remaining 10 customers are not sure about it. When the customers are asked that are they satisfied with the performance of their bikes then most of them agrees to the fact. Out of the sample size of 90 customers, 55 customers says that they are satisfied with the performance of their bikes. On the other hand 28 customers are not satisfied with the performance of the bikes that they are having. While the remaining 10 customers are unable to say anything. It is observed that most of the customers are having full knowledge of the bike before purchasing It has been seen that In Hero Honda bikes the mileage of the bike and the value that it adds to the status symbol of the customers influences the decision criteria of most of the customers. In Bajaj bikes customers gets more influenced by the price and quality of the bike and also they think that it adds value to their prestige. While in case of TVS bike the economic price of the bikes influences the buying behavior of the customers. It is observed that in rating of different features of different bikes people give maximum rating to the look and shape of the bike. At the second level they give their rating to the pick up. At the third level they rate mileage. And at the fourth level they give points to maintenance. At last they rate price and brand image.

It is observed that the customers of Hero Honda bikes are not ready to change their bikes even if a new bike comes in with good features. While majority of the customers of Bajaj and TVS are ready to change their bikes if new bike provides some good features to them.

Conclusion
1. Most of the Flame, Apache, Pulsar, CBZ & Karizma are purchased by young generation 18 to 30 years because they prefer stylish looks and rest of the models of Hero Honda, TVS and Bajaj are purchased more by daily users who needs more average of bikes than looks. 2. Hero Honda is considered to be most fuel-efficient bike on Indian roads. 3. Service & Spare parts are available throughout India in local markets also. 4. While buying a motorcycle, economy is the main consideration in form of maintenance cost, fuel efficiency. 5. Majority of the respondent had bought their motorcycle more than 3 years.

RECOMMENDATIONS
1. 2. Bajaj should introduce some more models having more engine power. Hero Honda should think about fuel efficiency in case of upper segment bikes. 3. 4. More service centers should be opened. Maintenance cost and the availability of the spare parts should also be given due importance. 5. 6. They also introduce some good finance/discount schemes for students. The price should be economic.

BIBLIOGRAPHY
www.herohonda.com www.google.com www.bajaj.com www.twowheeler.com www.extrememachines.com

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QUESTIONNAIRE
NAME: - ……………………………………………… CONTACT NO ………………………………………. AGE:15-20 25.30 OCCUPATION:Businessman Student 20-25 Above 30 Employee Other

Q1) Which Bike do you have? Hero Honda Bajaj TVS

Q2) Which Model do you have? Hero Honda: Splendor Karizma Bajaj: CT 100 Pulsar TVS:Flame Star city Passion Other Discover Other Apache Other

Q3) In which Family Income do you Fall? 100000-200000 300000-400000 200000-300000 Above 400000

Q4) For how long do you own a Bike? 0-1 year 2-3 year 1-2 year above 3 years

Q5) For what purpose do you use your Motor Bike? Office Purpose Joy Purpose Personal Purpose Other

Q6) How do you come to know about this Motor Bike? Newspaper Magazines Television Friends/Relatives

Q7) Are you satisfied with the performance of the bike that you are currently having? Yes No Can’t say

Q8) Does Advertisement Influence your decision in choosing a Motor Bike? Yes No Can’t say

Q9) Do you have full knowledge about Bikes before buying? Yes No Can’t say

Q10). Which factor below influence your decision? Price Resale Value Mileage Status Symbol Quality

Q11) How would you rate the following factors of bikes with respect to different companies? Hero Honda TVS Mileage Price Pick up Maintenance Look/Shape Brand Image Bajaj

Q12) If new bike with good feature comes in, then would you like to change your bikes? Yes No Can’t say

Q13) Any Suggestions for Company ………………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………

Date:

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