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Safe Operation of Forklifts and Other Powered Industrial Trucks
The following topics will be covered:
1. Forklift-related fatalities and injuries
2. Types of forklifts
3. How a forklift operates
4. Hazards of forklift operation
5. How to use forklifts safely

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are not familiar with the specific forklift vehicle 3.The risk of ignoring forklift safety Forklifts are extremely useful in a variety of workplaces. injury or death if you: 1. operate a forklift with a defect or missing parts 5|P a ge . are not trained on forklift safety 2. operate the forklift in an unsafe manner 4. but there is great risk of property damage.

Forklift accident statistics 85 to 100 workers in the U.S. are killed every year in forklift accidents. OSHA estimates 11% of all forklifts are involved in accidents every year. Approximately 35.000 serious injuries and 62. Fatal Accident Type Crushed by vehicle tipping over Crushed between vehicle and a surface Crushed between two vehicles Struck or run over by a forklift Struck by falling material Fall from platform on the forks Per Cent 42% 25% 11% 10% 8% 4% 6|P a ge . 1.000 non-serious injuries involving forklifts occur in the United States every year.

T.T. regulations – WAC 296 – 863 3. Operator sits and drives 7|P a ge . 2. stack or tier materials. They are all regulated by the DOSH P.What is a powered industrial truck (P. Electric motor ii. The Industrial Truck Association list seven classes of PITs. A counter-weight in the rear iii. lift.I.I. Class 1 Electric Truck.)? Definition: A powered vehicle used to carry. 1. pull. Has the following: i. push. Solid or pneumatic (air filled) tires iv. Another way of describing powered industrial trucks is that they include standard forklifts and special use forklifts and industrial vehicles. a.

Class 3 Hand Truck. Walk behind or ride iii. Characteristics: i. Narrow construction to fit in aisles iii.b. Motorized ii. Counter-weight or straddle 8|P a ge . Solid tires c. Electric motor ii. Class 2 Electric Truck. Electric Motor Hand or Hand/Rider Trucks. Low or high lift iv. Characteristics: i.

One of the most common types e. Characteristics: i. Propane internal combustion engine ii. diesel or propane engines ii.d. Used outdoors in many cases. Solid tires iii. Class 5 Truck. Gasoline. Pneumatic tires iii. Characteristics: i. Class 4 Truck. 9|P a ge .

Class 7 Rough Terrain Truck. Characteristics: i. Characteristics: i. Specialty vehicles iv. Gasoline or diesel-powered h. Electric or internal combustion engine ii. Used outdoors in uneven or muddy locations ii. Class 6 Industrial Tractor Truck. Pneumatic tires iii. Solid or pneumatic tires iii. Pull or carry loads (no forks) g.f. Ship Container PITs 10 | P a g e .

Controls are different and more complicated vi. making it swing wide ii. often in tight places and rough terrain iii. rather than the front.i. j. Heavier than most cars and trucks 11 | P a g e . Can have reduced visibility iv. Carries heavy loads. Can have a high center of gravity making it susceptible to turnover v. Usually steers from the rear. These are not powered industrial trucks How is a forklift different from a car or truck? i.

12 | P a g e . Forklift Nameplate The nameplate will list the type of forklift and the capacity This forklift is a propane (LP) powered forklift. with a lifting capacity of up to 4500 lbs. weighing 8680 lbs.k.

The manual should be kept on the forklift at all times. this three-point support forms a triangle called the stability triangle. So long as the center of gravity remains within this stability triangle. ii.l. 13 | P a g e . When this point is connected to the front wheels with imaginary lines. This is true even if the vehicle has four wheels. it is important to check for warnings in the specific forklift operator’s manual. models and types of forklifts. Almost all counterbalanced powered industrial trucks supported at three points. the truck is stable and will not tip over. m. Forklift Stability Triangle i. Forklift Operating Manual i. The truck's steer axle is attached to the truck by a pivot pin in the axle's center. Since there are numerous makes.

A forklift balances a load with a counterweight at the back. o. The front wheels act as a fulcrum or balance point. How loads affect forklifts i.n. The center of gravity moves upward when the forks are raised. Don’t travel with a raised load 14 | P a g e .

Never travel with the load tilted forward. t.p. While carrying a load near the maximum allowable capacity. Danger of power 2. Tilting the load forward increases the load distance and makes the load less stable r. Use extra caution when handling loads that approach the truck's maximum rated capacity: 1. be aware of the following: 1. Tilt the mast & forks back and position the heaviest part of the load against the carriage. 4. s. 2. Danger of being struck by falling load q. 15 | P a g e . Travel with the mast tilted back to keep the load stable. Danger of losing load 3. Moving the load i. Forklift Load Capacity i.

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