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Why Green-Mag…Excerpts
…What is the purpose of the magazine?
Interested parties can regularly find information and articles related to green architecture and usefulness
of solar energy in this magazine !
What is meant by projects of Green architecture?
These are projects, which function in a climate friendly and energy efficient manner.
Which role does architecture play in this regard?
It has an importance with regards to the urban architecture and city culture as well as the rural buildings of the
country-side population and the traditional culture.
Is there a difference?
The rural population imitates the city population and forgets the advantages of the traditional way of construction, - they also want to
be the same, -it a matter of prestige. The city population on the other hand looks towards the west and ignores the climatic conditions and
the wastage of resources; thereby unfortunately indirectly influencing the majority of the people living in the rural areas.
What do you mean by usefulness of Solar energy?
Basically every form of alternative energy techniques. A country may for example have a lot of oil reserves. The resulting air pollution
and climate changes through its use may not be important to the involved persons, however, the future of their children and their future
should not be unimportant to us. Negative influences do not relate to property, political affiliations or country borders.
Could you specify the benefits more clearly?
Of course. The photo-voltaic is one possibility, -the voluntary abstinence from luxury should be the aim! Availability of hot water and
the use of hot water for cooling purpose is another point. The considerate use of water, which does not lead to excessive wastage of water in
toilets is another topic.
You spoke about interested parties as users of the new Techno-Biz,- could you please explain this?
Of course it is also meant for the general public interested in the mentioned topics, - but it is also a platform for watchful and interested
students and professors involved in construction, to exchange their opinions. The FPAC supports these initiatives by local institutions
(NCA, PU, UET, COMSATS, BNU, etc) theoretically as well as practically. One could also ask, which of of our social problems are the
most common, and these are the neglect of all the possibilities available within our resources and to construct according to our climate.
This is an academic problem as well as implementation problem and: a building is only so good as the person using it !

Why 3-3-3 Houses…Excerpts
between Aamer Rafique / Secretary General FPAC and Omar M. Ali / IPC:
© PPP / DGFK - FPAC 2011
Lahore - Berlin
ISSN : 1430-7979
Correspondents:

Amjad Ali, Germany
Khalid Bajwa, Pakistan
Trausti Valson, Iceland
Santosh K. Brahma, India
Carlos Torres, Colombia
Joseph B. Suh, Cameroon
Aaron Pinsker, USA
Omar M. Ali, Bangladesh
Foundation For Promotion Of Academic Collaboration
Lahore - 54810 / Pakistan
Phone: 0092-42-36673110 Fax: 0092-42-36683448
E-Mail: info@fpac.org.pk
Website: www.fpac.org.pk
Deutsche Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Kultur
10562 Berlin / Germany
Phone & Fax: 0049-3321-3131141
E-Mail: info@dgfk.de
Website: www.dgfk.de

….We found in the internet examples of building practices in the past, in which buildings are constructed
in measurements 3-3-3, - what is meant by that?
Well you are right. There is a development in the village of Thatta Ghulamka Dhiroka, in which an NGO
has been regularly giving a prize since year 2000 for the most beautiful house made with mud, with baked
bricks as well as with specially interesting portion. The purpose of this exercise is to show the advantages of
mud as a construction material. And before that, three workshop buildings were constructed there with same
measurements using different materials. Three buildings for handicraft workers were constructed in the
premises of the Peerzada Cultural Complex in autumn 2010. Further experimental construction activity was
undertaken in spring 2011 by an institute for experimental construction at the premises of Beaconhouse National University in Lahore...
…and why the same measurements?
It is meant to provide practical examples with a possibility to carry out measurements. It is simply not enough to say, this or that
material choice appears to be suitable or this or that type of wall construction. One should be able to compare the different options. A
number of problem areas remain in background and need to be addressed:
The energy requirement of our houses is enormous. Even if we can afford the energy cost, the resulting problems of air pollution and
climate change are disastrous for our children and the coming generations. Each one of us even on his small piece of property is not
independent of the national, social and other limitations.
You mean the importance for the nation and its economy...
Of course, -and it does not relate only to the urban living, but also to how we deal with natural catastrophes,- whether we want to build
houses for the affected people, which are not usable without electricity and which therefore promote -even if unknowingly- migration to
the cities, and: whether we would like to continue asking for assistance from foreign countries, just because we do not utilize the potential
of rural resources available inside the country and act culturally incompatible, i.e. taking over ideas without considering if they are
compatible with our culture at all.

EDITORIALS

between S A J Shirazi / President FPAC and Omar M. Ali / IPC:

COVER STORY | OMAR

Local
Projects

OMAR M. ALI / IPC

05

Arne Toenissen-Omar HassanAROproject

10

CONTENTS

Upgrading
of
Housing
Norbert Pintsch-Ghayyoor ObaidNjini Victor Ndu-Ricardo Coslez / IPC

07

Projects with
International
Cooperation

Learning from the tradition?

PAKISTAN-CAMEROON-COLOMBIAGERMANY

11

Local
Projects
Institutions

Ghayyoor Obaid

Learning
from the
tradition
and the
progress

COVER STORY

Learning from
the tradition and
the progress

M. ALI / IPC

09
13

One asks oneself,
which examples should we be following?

Are they available?

T

he number of historical buildings in Lahore has fallen drastically in
Lahore, - we are surrounded by new buildings.

Mountains of earth lie between the 5000 year old constructions in Harappa and our
current time, so that our view is blocked to large extent.
Should we focus deeper on buildings like Aitchison College, Punjab High Court,
Government College, also Khalsa College, Amritsar, with Kanhaya Lal and Ral Bahadur
Ganga Ram as their local architects, we find that these constructions are not to be seen
merely as touristic attractions and they hide construction concepts relevant to the our time.
We learn from tradition also through buildings, which have not been made by
architects. W.J.Glover has introduced and recalled examples of buildings in his book
"Making Lahore Modern" information on which is available in the archives of Lahore
Municipal Corporation. These are buildings with thick walls, high roofs, intelligent
ventilation. They have been constructed according to local climate using knowledge
transferred from the predecessors combined with modern day knowledge !
Of course some concepts were also taken over completely from the British, for
example the suburbia movement, which we have adopted 1:1. We have come to know
through passage of time, that one can create square kilometers of constructed space within
short time, the humans being the users, but still they need years to feel themselves at home.
This points to the problem area around construction activity based upon mainly
technology oriented thinking and economic considerations.
GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

05

Norbert Pintsch-Ghayyoor Obaid-Njini Victor Ndu-Ricardo Coslez
Experts would still recognize the
"Colonial Building Notes" with well
defined suggestions for construction
activity, which combined well proven
local knowledge in South Asia with
latest knowledge of that time. Durable
and livable buildings without high
energy cost were the result.
This is evident even in the old
military cantonments: neither rising
dampness, nor rain water seeping
through the roof. The weather now is
not much different !
We however tend to follow

/ IPC

Upgrading
of
Housing
THEORY

LEARNING FROM THE TRADITION AND THE PROGRESS

Upgrading of Housing does not refer to a new paintwork
in the residence, also not the beautification of the front garden
through exotic plants,-all belonging to outer presentation.
misunderstood concepts, for example
the Bauhaus movement from
Germany, taking over international
architecture without pondering over
their usefulness!
Zaha Hadid is a fantastic Iraqi
architect, who was conditioned since

S

childhood in the west, thus making
most of her works influenced by the
west. The fantastic forms correspond
to the 21st century, the concept to the
last century.
It is high time to discuss, how far
the prevailing political economic and
social system based on western values
is still valid for the current time !
Missing in the solutions of today is
the combination with traditional
knowledge.
This is the actual challenge for the
young generation !

06

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

hould we look around us
in the country, also for
example in Lahore, the
large number of new buildings
please us with their fascinating
designs and the unlimited
number of exciting energy
sources available to all.
The buildings look specially
attractive on the paper before
they are used by the owners.
Classical styles with pretty cast
iron gates and fences are
enviable,- new clever steel
concrete constructions suggest
the US-american renaissance of
GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

07

the last century, . new generous
glass facades on office buildings
in Dubai-style dot the large wide
boulevards.
The traffic engineers have
implemented all the fantastic
lessons learnt from the westernoriented countries in the 20th
century.
It is a pleasure to fly from the
darkness of the night over the
well-lighted urban regions and
then to land. Air-conditioned
arrival halls await the
homecoming passengers, who
08

LOCAL PROJECTS

move on to their
residences in the pleasant
c l i m a t e o f t h e a i rconditioned vehicles.
The requirements of life,
above all the supply of
foodstuffs, are satisfied
through super markets and
shopping malls. No
wonder then that
agricultural land is not
needed any more as one
can buy all in the stores!
Should we find ourselves
near a hospital in the
evening, for example the
National Hospital, we are
confronted with an
enormous emptiness. No
wonder, almost all are
healthy and contrary to
many other countries, one
does not suffer here from
heat or cold, or from other
micro-climatic affects of
wrong city planning.
A re-orientation towards
energy, resource and
environment conserving
methods of building with
healthy and renewable
construction materials is
therefore absolutely not
necessary. This also
explains the need of the
population living in rural
areas to look towards the
clever and educated city
dwellers and even to
migrate into the cities, so
in order for example to
support the production of
burned bricks with a little bit of
wood from the mountains and to
live at last in a house made of
bricks. One does’nt need to
regularly repair the house any
more and can take advantage of
the large seemingly endless
offer of work places.
One can now enjoy and afford

LOCAL PROJECTS

UPGRADING OF HOUSING

all the technical innovations
available to the city-dwellers
through various advertising, and
specially: the necessary
electricity comes from the
socket, clean water from the tap
and the waste disposal is done
through a soft push on a button.
Life is really wonderful this
way!
GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

Ghayyoor Obaid

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

09

PROJECTS WITH INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

PAKISTAN-Project

LOCAL PROJECTS

The described project is located in rural Punjab and implements the usage of Appropriate
Technology in an unspectacular way since the 90's. Rooms in an installation of the NGO were
constructed in passive Solar architecture, a method, which was already being practiced over 5000
years ago in the Harrappa culture and which provided a natural air-conditioning as a consequence.
In a special area, the advantages of a Solar Collector for free provision of hot water is demonstrated.

Arne Toenissen

In a further area, a windmill is being used to produce very small but independent supply of electrical
current. Photo-voltaic installations on three roofs of the NGO building in the village provide
electricity for the Energy-Saver Lamps and Fans. New possibilities and experiences on the topic of
Upgradation of Housing are expected from two different initiatives in Lahore, namely the three
experimental constructions at the premises of Peerzada Cultural Complex, which exists since
autumn 2010 and the Institute for Experimental Construction@BNU, where three further
experimental constructions will be available in autumn.

GERMANY-Project
This Project is comparable to the plains of the Punjab as far
as the geographic al location is concerned. It has however a
moderate climate and regular rainfall. Regular supply of
utilities is available from the central network,- the main
problem is the increasing running cost with low population
density, which means, politically as well as economically,
the running costs will continue to increase and their
financing will continue to be problematic. The long-term advantages offered by Upgrading of
Housing therefore gain importance and will lead the way towards a change in trend from central
technical infra-structure towards the de-centralized technical infra-structure. The important thing
here will be the concept This …..as well as this instead of the usual approach of Either…. Or. The
specialness of the project lies in its historical origin in the 19th century. The institution was used at
that time as a very special innovations centre. Before the developed products were marketed, they
were tested here and experiences were collected, without any political opr financial support, called
today industrial promotion. Currently, the rain water is collected in cisterns and used toilet flushing.
The unit is run through the use of renewable raw materials. The foundation of the owner makes use
of the outlying leased forest for producing wood Pellets (compressed wooden chips) which are used
for heating and sometimes hot water. The construction of the new building for conference centre in
the hotel complex is being fitted with photo-voltaic elements.. The energy so produced is diverted to
a feeding station and from there onward to a central unit for adjustment with the individual energy
requirements; a future-oriented autonomous direct access appears possible.

Omar Hassan

ARO-Project

10

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

11

Projects with International Cooperation

LOCAL PROJECTS

PROJECTS WITH INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION

INSTITUTIONS

The described project uses the possibilities of alternative
technology to support an institution for mentally retarded
children and youngsters. The institution is located in the
eastern Columbia at a height of about 2500 m and is
currently supplied by conventional methods. The average
annual rainfall leads to sufficient quantity of water.
Actually, the supply of electricity should also be continuous. Still, there are breakages in the power
supply.
The increasing energy costs are equally matter of grave concern as the missing financing through
the government. The advantage of the upgradation lies in the free of cost and permanent availability
of hot water for washing and cleaning on one side and the entrepreneural, economic and therapeutic
advantages on the other side.
The upgrading of housing is very useful here and takes place through solar collectors for the
production of hot water as well as through use of photovoltaic elements and a windmill for the
supply of electricity. The mounted elements provide space for drying of clothes because of regular
rainfall on the location. A further auxiliary advantage is of educational nature: the utility of
alternative technology can be demonstrated locally to students of nearby schools and educational
institutions.

NATIONAL COLLEGE OF ARTS
Like all old institutions, the National College of Arts, has a
historical tradition. Much of its present tone was set long ago when
it was known as the Mayo School of Arts. Gazetteers written about
the city of Lahore in 1915 describe the work being done at the
school as one of the cultural highlights of the urban center. The Mayo School of Industrial Art was
set up to commemorate Lord Mayo, the British Viceroy to India, assassinated in 1872. A teacher of
painting and sculpture Lockwood Kipling, working then in Bombay in a Parsi School, was
appointed its first Principal parallel to his charge of the Curator of the Lahore Museum. The
Museum and the School were conceived together. Funds were raised through a special levy
throughout the Punjab province on the occasion of the Jubilee of the British Queen in 1887. The
object was to provide an institution containing a museum, a library and a number of lecture rooms
where instructional staff would teach indigenous crafts. The Mayo School was intended to be a
technical college in the fullness of time. Lockwood Kipling the curator Principal allowed the
functions of the museum and the school to merge in a creative manner. Together with his more
illustrious son, Rudyard Kipling, he planned and arranged the Museum in such a way that it
reflected both the archeological and the traditional crafts heritage of the Punjab.
4-Shahrah-e-Qauid-e-Azam, Lahore.
Tel: 92-42-99210599, 99210601 Fax: 92-42-99210500
Email: info@nca.edu.pk

CAMEROON-Project

UNIVERSITY OF THE PUNJAB

This project is regarding the construction project "The
Royal Rehabilitation Centre" (RHC) and "The Royal
Humanitarian Development Reformation Centre"
(RHDRC) in the north-west region of Cameroon. The
traditional forms of medicine from Africa, Asia and South
America appear to enjoy a popularity even in the classic
industrialized countries, where there is a growing recognition of the ancient knowledge of the east.
Even the global pharmaceutical industry sends teams into far away regions to profit from the
knowledge of the local people. In Africa the Republic of Cameroon is specially known in this
context due to the personal attention of HRE Ambassador Dr Simon Leshey (I), King of African
Cameroon Natural Healers, and representative of the Royal Development Cooperation Foundation.
He is also the founder of the RHC and the RHDRC project.
The advisors of the King recommend measures for maintaining the traditional culture while keeping
in mind the general economic situation and with the aim to keep the running costs as low as possible.
It is for this reason that the traditional construction forms, local materials, using natural lighting and
ventilation as well as flexibility and autonomy of the infra-structure should be utilized and
promoted. These goals are not possible to be achieved through the usual western-oriented
technology. The current project is therefore also in this context extremely important. CAT (NGO)
has over 10 years of local experience in the field of Appropriate Technology. The NGO has received
award from the president of the republic as well as prizes also in the individual regions.

12

INSTITUTIONS

Projects with International Cooperation

COLOMBIA-Project

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

The University of the Punjab was formally established with the
convening of the first meeting of its Senate on October 14, 1882 at
Simla. It was the fourth University to be established by the British
colonial authorities on the Indian Subcontinent. The first three
universities were established by the British rulers at their initial strongholds of Bombay, Madras
and Calcutta. The University of the Punjab came into existence as a result of a long drawn struggle
of the people of Punjab after the war of independence in 1857. Contrary to the three previously
established universities, which were only examining institutions, the University of the Punjab was
both teaching as well as examining body right from the beginning.
The contribution of Dr. G. W. Leitner, an enlightened Hungarian and a naturalized Britisher, was
instrumental in the establishment of this University. He became its first Registrar. Prof. A. C.
Woolner, who remained Vice-Chancellor of this University during 1928-1936, played a key role in
its development during the initial decades of this century. His statue still stands in front of the
Allama Iqbal Campus of the University.
Allama Iqbal Campus
P.O. Box. No. 54000 Lahore
E-Mail : info@pu.edu.pk
GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

13

INSTITUTIONS

INSTITUTIONS

UNIVERSITY OF
ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

INSTITUTIONS

The institution started its career in 1921 as the ‘ Mughalpura Technical College ’. Later it became
the ‘Maclagan Engineering College’, a name given to it in 1923 when Sir Edwards Maclagan, the
then Governor of the Punjab who laid the foundation stone of the main building, now called the
Main Block, which still retains its majesty despite the wear and tear of over eight decades. At that
stage the institution offered courses of study in only two disciplines; Electrical Engineering and
Mechanical Engineering.
In the year 1932, the institution was affiliated with the University of the Punjab for award of a
Bachelor's Degree in Engineering. In 1947, at the time of independence, the Institution was
offering well-established B.Sc. Degree Courses in Civil, Electrical and Mechanical Engineering.

BNU is the first Liberal Arts University of Pakistan. Chartered by
the Government of Punjab, the BNU, was established in 2003 for
the purpose of imparting education with a modern and rational
course content while ensuring that the history and culture of
Pakistani society are respected. BNU is planned as a non-profit, private university disseminating
learning and encouraging research in diverse areas where the essential focus of the programs
offered has been determined by the type of the work force identified for the future economic,
business, academic, cultural and technological advancement of the country. As such, BNU offers
students a range of subject areas which are of immense relevance to the country’s economy.
Over the years, Liberal Arts education has assumed a vital role. One armchair philosopher once
said, "When the only tool you have is a hammer, you tend to see every problem as a nail." All
knowledge is one, a unified wholeness, and every field of study is but a piece or an angle or a way of
partitioning this knowledge.Thus, to see how one's chosen area fits into the whole, to see the
context of one's study, we at BNU believe, liberal education is not merely desirable, but necessary.

UET, Lahore
Lahore Cantt. G.T. Road Lahore. +92-42-99029205
E-Mail info@uet.edu.pk

13-km Raiwind Road, Lahore.
Tel: 042 3532 4322 Email: info@bnu.edu.pk
Web: www.bnu.edu.pk

COMSATS

FPAC

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Lahore campus is
located on Defence Road off Raiwind Road Lahore and is about 25
minutes drive from the main city. This campus was established in
January 2002. The sprawling campus is purpose built and is spread
over area of 185 acres with constructed area of 400,000 sq. ft. The campus is equipped with the
state-of-the-art computers and electronics labs.

FPAC supports all sorts of dialogue of social, economic, technical
nature as well as East-West discussions on matters of mutual
interest. It functions on national and international level by
consolidating published, unpublished and practical works by its
member scholars to provide a platform for intellectual discussion.
The Foundation supports and promotes intellectual work by its
Senior Research Fellows, who while working and publishing
independently in their own capacity, collaborate with other Senior
Research Fellows and other members on issues of mutual interest.
The foundation supports actively the promotion and
implementation of future-oriented projects aimed at addressing
development of state and society.

During a short span of time, the continuous efforts of the dedicated faculty have made this campus
known for its academics excellence, which forms strong foundations for a bright career for its
alumni. Here the young minds can really create their future.
The environment at the campus is vibrant, creative and challenging, both for the teachers and
students. The campus tends to excel in its research capability, which will open new horizons of
knowledge in Information Technology. In a city of learning as Lahore, the campus caters for the
ever-increasing demands of students in the fields of Computer Science, Telecommunication
Engineering, Computer Engineering, Chemical Engineering and Management Science.
COMSATS Institute of Information Technology
M. A. Jinnah Building Defence Road, Off Raiwind Road, Lahore
E-Mail: pro@ciitlahore.edu.pk Tel: +92 (42) 111-001-007 Fax: +92 (42) 99203100
14

INSTITUTIONS

The University of Engineering and Technology (main) located in
the northern part of Lahore on the historical "Grand Trunk Road
(G.T. Road)", near the magnificent Shalimar Gardens built during
the great Mughal Empire.

BEACONHOUSE NATIONAL UNIVERSITY

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

FPAC

Foundation for promotion of academic collaboration
58-Commercial Area, 3rd Floor, Cavalry Ground,
Lahore - 54810 / Pakistan
Phone: 042-36673110 Fax: 042- 36683448 E-Mail:info@fpac.org.pk

GREEN MAG OCT-DEC 2011

15

SPECIAL

SPECIAL

Biogas-Installation

Environment
Protection
Award

Biogas-Installation, in use since April 2011 in Greens Restaurant located on the National
Highway between Lahore and Okara. Each week the faeces of 30 buffaloes is collected
and mixed in a container with water in the ratio 2 kg faeces:1 liter water. The unit delivers
daily 8 hours pf biogas to 4 burners or alternatively supplies gas to an electricity generator
for 8 hours. After that a pause of 12 hours is made in order for the gas to renew itself. The
excrement are transferred into a 3 chamber septic tank and the remaining fluid into the
canal. The container has dimensions 18' x 18', the opening is 2' x 2'. Units of this sort are
supplies by a manufacturer near Faisalabad and they cost around 200000 rupees.