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Abstract

The liquid-liquid extraction process is one of the most common technique to separate
compounds based on their solution preferences for two different immiscible liquids, usually
water and an organic solvent as in our experiment, a mixture of different phases of materials
(light and heavy phases) that have different physical and chemical properties are to be separated
by liquid-liquid extraction method. Our focus in this experiment is to examine how the change in
flow rate can affect the whole extraction process efficiency taking into account the variables that
are involved in this process including concentration of liquid, temperature and pressure inside the
column. We can see how great impact the change in flow rate can make through the result. For
this experiment, we conduct two experiments which are based on the solubility. First experiment
conducted, we used separators funnel to separate two solutions of different solubility and
densities, and then titrate with NaOH. The values for distribution coefficient by titration 1.592 in
5.0 ml of propionic acid, 2.519 in 3.0 ml propionic acid and 1.757 in 1.0 ml propionic acid. Next
for the second experiment, we used liquid-liquid extraction column to obtain feed, raffinate and
extract samples. The samples were titrated with different of NaOH concentration which are 0.1M
and 0.025M. The experiment was successfully done completely.

The samples were titrated with different of NaOH concentration which are 0. raffinate and extract samples. This experiment is based on the solubility. from the result if titrated with 0.025M.025 M NaOH.1M and 0.1 M NaOH. Its turn pinkish-purple colour during the titration.592 in 5.0 ml propionic acid. For the second experiment. The values for distribution coefficient by titration with NaOH are 1.0 ml of propionic acid. As the colour is not constant.757 in 1. but to get all the same colour might be hard enough to classify. we used titration method from the upper (Y) and bottom (X) layer sample. For the second experiment.Discussion We conduct this experiment to determine the distribution of coefficient and to determine the mass transfer coefficient. In the first experiment. it shows that the increase of mass transfer rate as the concentration decrease. the solvent is also soluble with a specific solute contained in the solution. The first experiment conducted which is to determine the distribution coefficient.0 ml propionic acid and 1. .519 in 3. Thus we can summarize that the value of mass transfer rate is varies when the concentration of NaOH decrease. This is the separation of a substance from a mixture by preferentially dissolving the substance in a suitable solvent. it shows that the value of distribution coefficient decrease as the volume of propionic acid increase. the value of mass transfer coefficient and distribution coefficient will be different from the actual. we used liquid-liquid extraction column to obtain feed. 2. the value of distribution coefficient decrease as the volume of propionic acid increases. Same as when titrated with 0. During titration we choose phenophtalein as the indicator. The colour pinkish-purple indicates that the NaOH is at the equilibrium with the sample solution.

conical flask and burette. Other than that. Moreover to get the best and accurate result the experiment should be repeated at least 3 times and the error during the experiment progress can be determined. The varies result might caused by the oil emission and impurities at the beaker. The value from this experiment might be different from the actual. This might be because of several error occur during this experiment. we can see from the result that the concentration of propionic acid in raffinate is more than in extract. The concentration of propionic acid should more in extract than in the raffinate. The eyes should be straight to the scale and must be perpendicular to the meniscus.For experiment 2. Conclusion . the most common error that always occur during the experiment is the position of the eyes while taking reading at the burette. We can assume that the extraction does not occur efficiently and more time needed to extract the solution. We can avoid this error by rinse and clean the apparatus before start the experiment.

Form the experiment 1.0 ml propionic acid and 1.0 ml of propionic acid. 2. we can conclude that the value for distribution can be determine by titration with NaOH are 1. .519 in 3.757 in 1.592 in 5 ml propionic acid.