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EVT 525 WATER RESOURCE AND

TECHNOLOGY
AS2293A
EXPERIMENT 2 TOTAL SOLIDS (TS)
NAME:
MUHAMAD FADZRIL B AFINDI (2014860708)
GROUP MEMBERS:
ANWAR IZZATY ZAMANI B MUSTAFA (2014282498)
FAIZAL B ALIAS (2014225942)
MOHD FAHMI B MOHD YUSOF (2014415098)
MUHAMMAD AZRIN B HASSAN (2014654378)
NAME OF LECTURER:
DR NIK AZLIN BT NIK ARIFFIN
DATE OF EXPERIMENT:
01/10/15
DATE OF SUBMISSION:
08/10/15

They include silt. The drying was repeated until constant weight is obtained. inorganic nutrients. can lead to eutrophication of the stream or increased turbidity. The water sample was shaken thoroughly to homogenise it. and sulfur are nutrients essential for life. Suspended solids are those that can be retained on a water filter and are capable of settling out of the water column onto the stream bottom when stream velocities are low. They include some organic materials. 4. Elevated levels of total solids. Low concentrations of total solids can result in limited growth of aquatic organisms due to nutrient deficiencies. The porcelain crucibles or evaporating dish was cooled in a dessicator before it was weighing. 5 ml of sample was pipetted into the weighed porcelain crucibles or evaporating dish. Both eutrophication and increased turbidity result in a decrease in stream water quality. PROCEDURES 1.INTRODUCTION Total solids is a measure of the suspended and dissolved solids in water. Dissolved solids are those that pass through a water filter. however. or mining upstream from your sample site. . as well as salts. phosphorus. 3. which has been cleaned and dried to a constant weight in an oven previously. and inorganic precipitates such as those from acid mine drainage. plankton. dredging. clay. The concentration of dissolved solids in stream water is important because it determines the flow of water in and out of the cells of aquatic organisms. 2. Elevated concentrations of total solids may indicate the presence of agricultural activities. Also. OBJECTIVE To determine the total solids in the given water sample. The water was evaporated off on a steam bath until dry and then it was dried in an oven at 105 ℃ for one hour. organic wastes. some dissolved inorganic elements such as nitrogen. and toxins.

9853 = 140.0074−33.44°C DO%: 2.9853 5.0067 ×106 4.9 pH: 8.0253 = 3323.8 ppm 2) 33.2ppm .7145 5.9243 ×10 6 5.0096 = 119.7059−34.0074 34.62 Sample Volume (ml) 1 2 3 5 5 5 Initial weight (g) (empty crucible) 30.9249−30.7059 Calculations: Total Solids (TS) ¿ A−B ×10 6 C 1) 30.0253 30.9339 37.0067 34.9243 33.9249 33.4 ppm 3) 34.DATA/RESULTS Results and calculation: Temperature: 29.0096 4.9920 39.6892 6 ×10 5.6892 Weight of crucible + water(g) Weight of Water (g) Weight of crucible + remaining solid(g) 35.

The solids used was a sample that been dried for 1 hour. PRECAUTION samples may need to be dried for a longer period of time.the weight of water sample recorded was 5 g. The sample was taken from the recreation lake at the section 6 Shah Alam. CONCLUSIONS From the conclusion.4 ppm. cooled under proper desiccation and weighed rapidly in order to achieve a reasonable constant weight. For the sample 1 and 2. Finally.8 ppm for sample 1 and the weight of total solids for sample 2 is 140. based on the types of solids in the given sample. the weight of water sample was different from the another sample because the the water sample does not homogenous thoroughly during the the water transfer. Based on the experiment. So that the value for sample 1 and 2 can be acceptable. we can conclude that the water sample from water sample 3 are not acceptable because it has bigger values from the another sample which is sample 1 and 2. The value obtained for sample 3 was 3 is 3233.2 ppm.DISCUSSION Volume of sample taken is 5 mL.2 ppm. . we can make calculation that need to be done for the sample. For the sample 3 was 3323. The weight of total solids recorded was 119. particularly nitrates and chlorides. We should be aware prolonged drying may result in loss of constituents.

Total solids also affect water clarity. as well as the operation of industrial processes that use raw water. Name the various TS that can be found in wastewater.Questions: 1. Many rural areas do not have wastewater collection systems (sewerage systems) to convey domestic wastewater to the treatment plant. Water will heat up more rapidly and hold more heat. thereby slowing photosynthesis by aquatic plants. Explain effect of total solids on wastewater treatment plant. Levels of total solids that are too high or too low can also reduce the efficiency of wastewater treatment plants. Higher solids decrease the passage of light through water. These dwellings have septic tanks and leaching fields to store solids and treat the wastewater in an onsite subsurface soil treatment system. this. might adversely affect aquatic life that has adapted to a lower temperature regime. What are the environmental impacts of TS? A high concentration of total solids will make drinking water unpalatable and might have an adverse effect on people who are not used to drinking such water.  Dissolved solids  Suspended solids  No soluble solids 2. 3. in turn. .

http://water.eolss. sticks. matter should not be included from the sample.gov/type/rsl/monitoring/vms58.4.html .cfm 3. cooled under proper ii.net/eolsssamplechapters/c06/e6-13-04-05/e6-13-04-05-txt04. Volume of sample has not been adjusted properly to have residue left. The samples were not weighed properly in order to achieve a reasonable constant weight. Samples may not dry for a longer period of time.aspx 2. REFERENCES 1. Non representative particulates such as leaves. fish and lumps of fecal iii. i.cotf. desiccation.edu/ete/modules/waterq3/WQassess4g. iv. List four possible sources of error in this determination.epa. http://www. http://www.