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Branch & Semester

: Aero & VI

Subject Code & Title : 11A009 – Industrial Aerodynamics (Unit I)

PART – A
Marks

Q.
No.
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Question

The horizontal movement of air along the earth’s surface is called
A)
Wind
B)

Cyclone

C)

Terrain

D)

Current

Earth rotates upon its axis to produce
A)

Centrifugal force

B)

Coriolis force

C)

Inertial force

D)

Magnetic force

The winds blowing in the Arctic and the Antarctic latitudes are known as
A)

Polar Easterlies

B)

Low pressure blets

C)

Sub tropic breeze

D)

Sea Breeze

The rate at which air temperature changes with height
A)

Heat up rate

B)

Temp rate

C)

Altitude rate

D)

Lapse rate

When conditions are extremely stable, cooler air near the surface is
trapped by a layer of warmer air above it which is
A)
Inversion
B)

Unstability

C)

Air pocket

D)

Adibatic behaviour

Wind always blows from a region of………
A)

L.P to H.P

B)

H.P to L.P

C)

Both a & b

Thinking
Skill
(Blooms
Taxonomy)

R

R

R

U

An

U

9. A) Darrieus wind turbine B) Down-wind turbines R R U U R U U U .increase For each blade on a wind generator's turbine.P Measure of the effect of gravity upon the flow A) Reynolds number B) Strouhal number C) Froude number D) Acceleration Measure of compressibility of air is A) Reynolds no B) Mach number C) Strouhal number D) Froude number The friction along the Earth’s surface decreases…………. 10.maximum B) maximum.maximum D) minimum. force is at a _______when the blade is horizontal and at a _________ when the blade is vertical. 12.minimum _______________ are commonly used in cases of high reliability in many things such as ventilation and anemometers.D) 7. 13. A) minimum. of the wind A) Deflection & Velocity B) Velocity C) Deflection D) Slope Belz limit is…….increase B) decrease.P to L. 14. A) inertial force/ viscous force B) inertial force/drag force C) viscous force/lift force D) viscous force/pitching moment A temperature ____________ with height as a negative lapse rate and a temperature ___________with height as a positive lapse rate A) decrease. A) No wake rotation B) Max wake rotation C) Min wake rotation D) Wake rotation Reynolds number is……….minimum C) maximum.increase D) decrease.. 8. M.decrease C) increase. 11.

19.. A) 250m B) 280m C) 150m D) 100m …………. A) Thrust and dynamic force B) Thrust and drag force C) Thrust and viscous force D) Drag and dynamic force At some height above ground. C) Up-wind turbines D) Savonius wind turbine On the earth’s surface.. the movement of air no longer affected by ground R R R R U obstruction. A) Rotor power/power U U R . certain winds blow constantly in a particular direction throughout the year is called….. 18. 17. A) Noctural boundary layer B) Normal boundary layer C) Neumann boundary layer D) National boundary layer The friction velocity is intimately related to the level of turbulence in the ………. is the ratio of the maximum gust speed to the mean wind speed. 21.15.. 22. 20. A) Gust factor B) Load factor C) Gust speed D) both a and b Non-dimensional thrust coefficient is the ratio between…. A) Highest atmosphere B) lowest atmosphere C) Medium atmosphere D) Low and high atmosphere Power coefficient is defines as………. 16. this height is called…….. A) Prevailing Wind B) Planetary Wind C) Periodic Wind D) Both A & B What is the value of gradient height at open sea…. A) Gradient height B) Gradient wind speed C) Above gradient height D) below gradient height NBL is called….

. Define: Boundary layer R 5. List out the types of winds. Define: Power coefficient. What is meant by Coriolis force? R 12. Define Betz coefficient. R 2. What is meant by terrain? R 4. No. Define: Atmospheric Boundary layer R 6. Define: Variation of wind speed with height in an open terrain R .23. What is the basic principle of wind energy conversion? R 11. Question Thinking Skill (Blooms Taxonomy) 1. R 8. Write short notes on: Applications of wind energy R 7. 25. What is a Windmill and what are its types? R 10. 24. R 13. How is earth’s atmosphere classified? U 3. B) Rotor power/thrust force C) Both a and b D) Rotor power/power in the wind ………… is defined as the rate at which air temperature changes with height A) Lapse rate B) Adiabatic rate C) Dry adiabatic rate D) Both A & B The vertical movement of the air is known as an………. forms A) Mechanical B) Thermal and Mechanical C) Thermal D) fluid R R U PART – B Q. What is an Anemometer? R 9.. A) Wind B) Air current C) Atmosphere D) Pressure The surface-air interaction occurs in ………….

U U PART – C Q. Question Thinking Skill (Blooms Taxonomy) Explain the effect of terrain on the height of the velocity gradient in atmospheric boundary layer Explain about the various types of wind turbine blade. U 17. 13. How is the wind affected by the terrain? U 16. Explain the importance of industrial aerodynamics U 2. Show the results graphically. Describe the principle by which the wind speed is converted into useful energy by a wind mill. Explain all the variables used.14. Enumerate the effect of Terrain on Gradient height. What is the shape you recommend for the blade and why? 6. U 18. U 18. What are the factors responsible for the creation of wind. 1. Discuss the generation of Atmospheric Boundary Layer. 8. A wind of 10 m/s is blowing over a level ground at the foot of a hill. 3. Calculate the total wind power for wind velocities of 5. Prove that in case of horizontal axis wind turbine maximum power can be obtained when The exit velocity is = (1/3) wind velocity and Pmax = (8/27)? A V3 Explain all the parameters clearly. U U 5. E 7. Derive the expression for the available (total) wind power for a wind speed of V. State your assumptions very clearly. and diameter D of a horizontal axis wind machine. Why is wind energy classified as secondary? Explain and justify or give your reasons against. What is the difference between windmill and wind turbine? U 20 Mention any two causes of variation of winds. U 17. U An An E C U U Ap R U U . Briefly explain the variation of wind due to terrain and effects on terrain due to wind movement. 10. 11. Derive one-dimensional momentum theory with the assumptions. State the Power law and Logarithm law R 15. Show conclusively whether you would invest over wind energy in India or not. 19. No. 9. Differentiate between vertical and horizontal axis machines. How the wind is formed and discuss the types of winds? 16. 14. Describe the aerodynamic forces on a wind turbine (wind mill) blade. Explain in detail about the causes of variation of winds. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of wind energy conversion systems. 4. E 15. Generation of wind and the variation of wind? Explain how the earth’s atmosphere is analyzed from an Industrial aerodynamics point of view. Draw the variation of the wind speed over the hill starting from the top of the hill to a height of 50 ft. 10 and 15 m/s and rotor diameters of 20 and 40 m. What are the factors to be considered if you would proceed with harnessing wind energy? Discuss whether any additional sources of energy those have to be utilized simultaneously. 12.

R R . Define: (a) Structure of wind (b) Terrain and the dynamics of wind over the terrain (c) Variation of wind speed with height in an open terrain (d) Gust.19. Derive an expression for power coefficient in case of ideal horizontal axis wind turbine with suitable assumptions. 20.