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E106

- PHY101
- E105.docx
- E106: Uniform Circular Motion
- Conclusion E106
- Experiment 101 RESOLUTION OF FORCES
- Conclusion E105
- E102-Kinematics
- e103 Projectile
- E104 Newton's Second Law of Motion
- phy10L E103 Projectile Motion
- E104
- PHY10 E101
- Conclusion E103
- E103 Projectile Motion
- Exp 106 Interpretation
- E103
- E102 Kinematics
- Experiment 102
- PHY10 E102
- Exp 105 Interpretation

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The last topic for this term is all about the Uniform Circular Motion. Centripetal

Force is a force that makes a body follow a curved path, its direction is always

orthogonal to the velocity of the body, toward the fixed point of the instantaneous

center of curvature of the path. Centripetal force is generally the cause of circular

motion. In simple terms, centripetal force is defined as a force which keeps a body

moving with a uniform speed along a circular path and is directed along the radius

towards the center. The mathematical description was derived in 1659 by Dutch

physicist Christian Huygens. Isaac Newton's description was: "A centripetal force

is that by which bodies are drawn or impelled, or in any way tend, towards a point

as to a center. Centripetal force is a force that tends to deflect an object moving in

a straight path and compels it to move in a circular path. Centripetal force is just a

label to represent the unbalanced force experienced by the body every time it

moves in a circular fashion. Newtons Second Law of Motion is used to measure

the magnitude of the centripetal force.

Centripetal Force is a force that tends to deflect an object moving in a

straight path and compels it to move in a circular path. Centripetal Force is just a

label to represent the unbalanced force experienced by the body every time it

moves in a circular fashion. Newtons Second Law of Motion is used to measure

the magnitude of the centripetal force.

From Newtons Second Law,

Fnet =ma

Fnet

the acceleration. In the case of bodies moving in a circular path, Fnet is the

centripetal force, and ac is the centripetal acceleration. The magnitude of the

centripetal acceleration is given by the expression,

v v2

ac =

=

t r

ac lim

t 0

v dv v 2

= =

t dt r

Fc =

m v2

r

Fc =mr

Fc =m 4 2 f 2 r

Before experiment we are asked to take extra care to then given super pulley

and the spring to avoid the damages.

The materials that we need are 1 set of a rotating platform, a piece of a

clamp-on pulley, 1 set of weights, 1 mass hanger, and 1 stopwatch.

where variable radius of rotation is not constant. We first recorded the weight of

the rotating body. We then created a constant centripetal force by hanging a known

mass over the clamp-on pulley. We then initially set the radius at 16cm. We then

adjusted the spring so that the string connected to the rotating body is in a vertical

orientation. We then moved the bracket with the orange indicator up or down

located on the center post. We then removed the mass hanging over the pulley. We

then gently rotated the apparatus. We tried to center the orange indicator to the

indicator bracket. We then slid the post to a new radius. We then recorded the

centripetal force using this equation:

2 2

Fc =m 4 f r

x 100

AV + EV

2

Percent Difference=

AV EV

We recorded the time to complete 10 revolutions using the stop watch. The

result of our experiment are:

Table 1. Determination of Centripetal Force (variable radius of rotation)

Mass of rotating body, M

= 209.4 grams

2

(mass hanging + mass of pan)x980 cm/s

= 49,000 dynes

Actual value of centripetal force

FREQUENCY

CENTRIPETAL

TRIA RADIUS OF PERIOD OF

ROTATION ROTATION OF ROTATION, f

FORCE

L

r

T

Fc

1

16 cm

1.50 s

0.65 rev/s

55,883.44 dynes

2

17 cm

1.67 s

0.60 rev/s

50,974.70 dynes

3

19 cm

1.70 s

0.59 rev/s

51,797.99 dynes

4

19 cm

1.82 s

0.55 rev/s

47,513.32 dynes

5

20 cm

1.92 s

0.52 rev/s

44,706.75 dynes

Centripetal Force (Average) 50,098.84 dynes

Percent Difference 2.22%

For the second part of the experiment, we find the determination of

centripetal force with a constant radius and variable mass of rotation body. We first

weighed the rotating body and recorded it. We then created a constant centripetal

force by hanging a known mass over the clamp-on pulley. We then adjust the

spring bracket up or down to make sure that the string connecting the rotating body

is in vertical orientation. We then repeated the other steps from part first part. The

results of our experiments are:

Radius of Rotation, r

= 16 cm

2

(mass hanging + mass of pan)x980 cm/s

= 49000 dynes

Actual value of centripetal force

MASS OR

PERIOD OF

FREQUENCY

TRIA

ROTATING

ROTATION

OF ROTATION,

L

T

BODY, m

f

1

209.40 grams 1.586 s

0.6300 rev/s

2

157.85 grams 1.450 s

0.6897 rev/s

3

106.75 grams 1.245 s

0.8050 rev/s

Centripetal Force (Average)

47,874.07 dynes

Percent Difference

2.3245%

CENTRIPETAL

FORCE

Fc

52,497.36 dynes

47,429.09 dynes

43,695.77 dynes

The third part of the experiment is the determination of mass of rotating the

body with variable forces. We first again weighed the weighing scale then recorded

it. We then hanged a known mass over the clamp-on pulley. We then set the radius.

We then adjusted the spring bracket. We then repeated the other steps from both the

first and second part. We then computed the mass of the rotating body using this

equation:

m=

Fc

4 2 f 2 r

Table 3.

Radius of Rotation, r

= 16 cm

Mass of rotating body

= 209.4 grams

Actual value

TRIAL (MASS HANGING + PERIOD OF

MASS OF PAN) x 980 ROTATION

cm/s2

T

CENTRIPETAL

FORCE

1

2

3

4

5

9800 dynes

2.31 s

14700 dynes

2.56 s

19600 dynes

2.74 s

24500 dynes

2.93 s

29400 dynes

3.05 s

Mass of rotating body (Average)

Percent Difference

FREQUENCY

OF ROTATION,

f

0.433 rev/s

0.390 rev/s

0.365 rev/s

0.341 rev/s

0.328 rev/s

246.836 grams

16.22%

MASS OR

ROTATING

BODY,(EXP.

VALUE) m

82.750 grams

152.52 grams

232.96 grams

332.98 grams

432.97 grams

CONCLUSION

To quantify the centripetal force on the body when one of the parameters is

held constant we will refer to the first part and second part of the experiment. In

the first part where to constant is the mass and the radius of ration changes, we first

created a centripetal forces using the clamp-on pulley. We then initially set the

radius by 16cm, we then increased it by 1cm each trial. We then recorded for each

period of rotation using the stopwatch. We then computed the centripetal forces

using the formula

Fc =m 4 2 f 2 r

50,098.84 dynes with a 2.22% percent difference. For the second part where the

radius is now constant but the mass of rotating body is not. What we did was to do

same procedure as the first part but instead of adjusting the radius, we made it

constant. Then we removed first the front part of the mass of rotating body, and

then finally the second part of the rotating body. We used the same formula for

2 2

centripetal force for this second part which is , Fc =m 4 f r . We got an average

first learned that there is an inverse relationship between the frequency and radius,

and frequency and the mass of the rotating body. We also learned that there is a

direct relationship between the frequency and centripetal force. We also learned

that as radius increase, the frequency could decrease. We can verify this by looking

at the experiment. We learned from the first part that as the radius increases the

frequency decreases. From the second part, we verified that as the mass of the

rotating body increases, the frequency also decreases.

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