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You are on page 1of 4

English alphabet

a

b

c

d

e

f

/eI/

/bi:/

/si:/

/di:/

/i:/

/ef/

g

h

i

j

k

l

/d i:/

/eit

/ai

/d ei/

/kei/

/el/

m

n

o

p

q

r

/em/

/en/

u

/pi:/

/kju:/

/a: /

s

t

u

v

w

x

y

z

/es/

/ti:/

/ju:/

/vi:/

/d blju:/

/eks/

/wai/

/zed/

AmE zi:

Practice: Spell your name will your partner, spell some other words, and let your

partner write it down.

Greek alphabet

Letters

Capital

Name

Small

alpha

beta

gamma

delta

epsilon

zeta

eta

theta

iota

kappa

lambda

mu

Pronounciation

elfa

bi:ta

g m

delt

epsil n

zi:t

i:t

i:t

ai' t

k p

l md

mju:

Letters

Capital

Small

Name

Pronounciation

nu

xi

omicron

pi

rho

sigma

tau

upsilon

phi

chi

psi

omega

nju:

ksai

mikr n

pai

ru

sigm

ta

j psil n

fai

kai

psai

mig

2. Mathematical Expressions

Individual mathematicians often have their own way of pronouncing mathematical

expressions and in many cases there is no generally accepted 'correct

pronounciation'.

Distinctions made in writing are often not made explicit in speech; thus the sounds fx

The difference is usually made clear by the context, it is only when confusion may

occur, or where he wishes to emphasise the point, that the mathematician will use the

longer forms: f multiplied by x, the function of x, f subscript x, line FX.

The most common pronunciations are given in the list below. In general, the shortest

versions are preferred (unless greater precision is necessary).

x+1

x-1

x1

xy

(x-y)(x+y)

x/y

x=5

xy

x>y

xy

x<y

0<x<1

0x1

x2

x3

x4

xn

x-n

x

3x

4x

nx

(x+y)2

(x/y)2

n!

x%

xy

a

a

f(x)

f'(x)

f''(x)

f'''(x)

f(4)(x)

v/

2v/2

w.r.t

x plus one

x minus one

x plus or minus one

xy/ x multiplied by y

x minus y, x plus y

x over y

x equals 5/ x is equal to 5

x is equivalent to y/ x is identical with y

x is greater than y

x is greater than or equal to y

x is less than y

zero is less than x is less than 1

zero is less than or equal to x is less than or equal to 1

x squared

x cubed

x to the fourth/ x to the power four

x to the n/ x to the nth/ x to the power n

x to the minus n/ x to the power minus n

root x/ square root x/ the square root of x

cube root x

fourth root x

nth root x/ en ru:t 'eks/

x plus y all squared

x over y all squared

n factorial/ factorial n

x per cent/ 'eks p 'sent/

infinity

x varies as y/ x is (directly) proportional to y

a dot /'ei d t/

a double dot / 'ei'd bl dot/

fx/f of x/ the function of x

f dash x/ the (first) derivative of f with respect to x

f double dash x/ the second derivative of f with respect to x

f triple dash x/ f treble dash x/ the third derivative of f with

respect to x

f four x/ the fourth derivative of v with respect to x

the partial derivative of v with respect to

d two v by d theta squared/ the second partial derivative of v

with respect to

with respect to

the integral from zero to infinity

0

n

i =1

lim

grad

div

loge y

OA

gradient

divergence

log y to the base e/ log to the base e of y/ natural log (of) y

OA/ vector OA

x belongs to A/ x is a member of A/ x is an element of A

x does not belong to A/ x is not a member of A/ x is not an

element of A

/k s eks/

/sain eks/

/t n eks/

/sek eks/

/'k sek eks/

/ ain eks/ or /sint eks/

/k eks/

/ n eks/ or /t nt eks/

(usually) x one plus x two plus x etc

plus or positive

x 0

xA

xA

cos x

sin x

tan x

sec x

cosec x

sinh x

cosh x

tanh x

x1 + x2

+

x

.

4

=

minus or negative

multiplied by

multiplied by

divided by

equal to

approximately equal to

equivalent to

congruent or approximately equal to

not equal to

<

>

[

/

less than

greater than

less than or equal to

greater than or equal to

perpendicular to

parallel to

ratio, divided by

plus or minus

degree

'

''

'

''

minute

second

foot

inch

therefore

pi

square root

Pre-Exercise

a. Make sure you know how to recognise and pronounce the following mathematical

expressions :

Add

Subtract

Multiply

Divide

b. Make sure you can identify and pronounce fractions in English :

e.g.

1/3 : one/third

5/7 : five/sevenths

c.

e.g.

0.789

1.009

In other words we pronounce decimal numbers not the same way we say

ordinary numbers.

e.g.

16; 64

e. The following algebraic expressions is called an equation in English:

4x

= 16

2x + 4 = 12

To find the value of the unknown in English i.e. the value of x, one is said to solve

the equation

e.g. solve the equation: 2x + 4 = 12, x = 4

f.

4, 6, 8,

h. Mean = average. This is calculated by adding up the number of integers (whole

numbers) or fractions (or objects) and the dividing them by the number

(frequency). e.g. 2, 5, 7, 12 = 26 : 4 = 6.5

Exercise

1. Add 347 to 410.

3. Multiply 18 by 9.

5. What is

2/

3

of 486 ml of

HCl?

6. What is the area of a

circle whose radius is 2

cm?

7. Subtract 1/4 from 6/8?

8. Solve the equation : 2x - 9

= 36

9. Express 5/8 as

percentage

What percentage of the original

amount do I have left?

14. Write the following symbols:

a. not equal to

b. infinity

c. equivalent to

d. equal to or less than

e. approximately equal

to

15. What is the larger fraction: 2/3 or

7/ ?

9

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