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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5

PERAK

JPN

Convert unit of time from


of time
a.Convert
Centuryunit
to years
andfrom
a.vice-versa.
Century to years and
vice-versa.
b. Century
to decades and
b.vice-versa.
Century to decades and
vice-versa.
Convert time in
Convertand
time in
fractions
fractions
decimals ofand
a minutes
todecimals
seconds. of a minutes
to seconds.

Convert time in fractions


Convert
timeofinanfractions
and
decimals
hour to
and
decimals
of
an
hour to
minutes and to seconds.
minutes and to seconds.

Convert time in
Convertand
time
in
fractions
decimals
fractions
and
decimals
of a day to hours,
of a day
hours,
minutes
toto
seconds
minutes to seconds

Learning Objectives
1. Understand and use the vocabulary related to
time.
2. Understand the relationship between units of time.
3. Add, subtract, multiply and devide units of time.
4. Use and apply knowledge of time to find the
duration

Add time in hours,


Add time
hours,
minutes
andinseconds.
minutes and seconds.

Subtarct time in hours,


Subtarct
time
in hours,
minutes
and
seconds.
minutes and seconds.

Divide time in hours,


Divideand
timeseconds.
in hours,
minutes
minutes and seconds.

Calculate the
Calculate
theevent
duration
of an
duration
of
an event
from a given duration
offrom
time.a given duration
of time.

Identify the start and


Identify
thean
start
and
end
times of
event
endatimes
an event
from
givenofduration
from
a
given
duration
of times
of times

Solve problem involving


Solve
problem
involving
time
duration
in fractions
time
duration
in
and or decimals offractions
hour,
and or and
decimals
of hour,
minutes
seconds
minutes and seconds

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Multiply time in hours,


Multiply
in hours,
minutes
andtime
seconds.
minutes and seconds.

Determine the start


orDetermine
end time ofthe
anstart
or end
time
of an
event
from
a given
event
from
a
given
duration of time.
duration of time.

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Read and write time in the 24 hour system.

Write the following amounts in words.


Example

1545 hours

Fifteen forty-five hours

Exercise 1

Place value
Day
Decompose
Hours
Event
Minutes
Partition
Combination

1. 1220 hours
2. 0425 hours
3. 2030 hours
4. 1000 hours
5. 2328 hours

Write the following amounts in numerals.


Example

Ten twenty-five hours

1025 hours

Exercise 2
1. Two fifteen hours

2. Eleven ten hours.


3. Three hundred hours
4. Zero fifty-two hours
5. Twenty-one twenty-five hours
6. Eleven fifty-five hours
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time from the 24-hour system to the 12-hour system .

Example

Convert 1400 hours to 12-hour


system
After 1300 hours to the 12Afterhour
1300 system,
hours to the 12hour
system,
subtract 1200 from
the given
subtract 1200
timefrom the given
time
Determine
the operation

Hour
1 4
1 2
0 2

Plus
Add
Altogether
Amount
Calculate
Equal to
Exact value
Less
Minus
Rearrange
Regroup
Sum
Vertical
form

Minutes
0 0
0 0
0 0

From 0000 hours to1159 hours, we


From
0000 hours to1159 hours, we
write
a.m.
write1200
a.m.hours 2359 hours, we
From
From
1200 hours 2359 hours, we
write p.m.
write p.m.

2:00 p.m.
Minus 1200 for time between 1300 hours to 2359 hours.
Minus
1200
time
between
1300
hours
2359
hours.
Add
1200
forfor
times
between
0000
hours
toto
0059
hours
Add 1200 for times between 0000 hours to 0059 hours

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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert the time given to 12- hour system.

Exercise 3
1

1400 hours =

1912 hours =

0017 hours =

2354 hours =

2200 hours =

0145 hours =

1414 hours =

0907 hours =

0010 hours

10

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1201 hours

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time from the 12-hour system to 24-hour system..

Example

Convert 8:00 p.m. to 24-hour


system

Plus
Add
Altogether
Amount
Calculate
Equal to
Retain

After 12:00 noon


Afteradd
12:00
we must
12 noon
hours
we must add 12 hours

Hour
0 7
+ 1 2
1 9

Minutes
0 0
0 0
0 0

Determine the
Determine
operation the
operation

In the 24-hour system there are 4


In the 24-hour
system
there
are 4
digit.The
first 2 digit
show
hours
digit.The
2 digit
show
hours
and
the lastfirst
2 digit
show
minutes
and the last 2 digit show minutes

Write the word hours


Write
hours
after the
the word
numeral
after the numeral

1900 hours
Note:
the

In 24-hour system we must write

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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert the time given to 24- hour system.

Exercise 4
1

4:45 a.m. =

7:20 p.m. =

6:35 a.m. =

6:16 p.m. =

10:10 p.m. =

1:05 a.m. =

7:00 a.m. =

9:00 p.m. =

12:00 noon =

10

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12:00 midnight =

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of a minute to seconds.

Example 1

Convert

Denominat
or
Fractione
Numerator
One half
One over
four
Product
Rearrange

1
minute to seconds.
5

1
60 =
5
1 minute = 60 seconds
minute =by6060seconds
so,1 multiply
so, multiply by 60

60 =
5

12
5 ) 60
5
10
10
00

12 seconds

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Write in
Write
in
vertical
form
vertical form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of a minute to seconds.

Example 2

Convert
Decimal
Decimal
place
Tenths
Hundredths

Convert 0.4 minute to seconds.

0.4 60 =
1 minute = 60 seconds
minute =by6060seconds
so,1 multiply
so, multiply by 60

0.4
60
00
+ 24
2 4.0

Give your answer to


Givedecimal
your answer
one
place to
one decimal place

24 seconds

81
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Write in
Write
in
vertical
form
vertical form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of minute to seconds.

Exercise 5
1

1
minute =
4

1
minute =
5

2
minute =
3

3
minute =
4

1
minute =
2

5
minute =
12

1
minutes =
6

Convert time in fractions and decimals of minute to seconds.

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1
minutes =
3

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Exercise 6
1

0.1 minute =

0.5 minute =

0.4 minute =

0.7 minute =

0.9 minute =

1.1 minutes =

2.3 minutes =

8.4 minutes =

83
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of an hour to minutes and to seconds.

Example 1

Convert

2
hour to minute and to
5

seconds.

Denominat
or
Fractione
Numerator
One half
One over
four
Product
Rearrange

2
60 =
5
1 hour = 60 seconds
hour
= 60 seconds
so,1 the
fraction
multiply by 60.
so, the fraction multiply by 60.

120=
5

1 minute = 60 seconds
minute
= 60
so,1 24
multiply
byseconds
60
so, 24 multiply by 60

24
5 ) 120
10
20
20
00

24
60
1440

1440 seconds

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Then , 120
Then
divide
by, 5120
in
divide
by
5
vertical formin
vertical form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of an hour to minutes and to seconds.

Example 2

Convert 0.1 hour to minute and to


seconds.

Convert
Decimal
Decimal
place
Tenths
Hundredths

0.1 60 =
1 hour = 60 seconds
hour
= 60 seconds
so,1 the
fraction
multiply by 60.
so, the fraction multiply by 60.

0.1
60
06.0

Then , 0.1
0.1
multiplyThen
by 60, in
multiply
by
60
in
vertical form
vertical form

Give the answer to one


Give the
answer to one
decimal
place
decimal place

1 minute = 60 seconds
minute
= 60
so,1 24
multiply
byseconds
60
so, 24 multiply by 60

60
6
360

36 seconds

85
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of an hour to minutes and to seconds.

Exercise 7
1

1
hour =
6

1
hour =
10

1
hour =
3

1
hour =
2

5
hour =
6

2.5 hour =

0.3 hour =

1.4 hour =

86
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of a day to hour, minutes and to seconds.

Example 1

Convert

1
day to hours, to
6

minutes and to seconds.

Denominat
or
Fractione
Numerator
One half
One over
four
Product
Rearrange

24 = 4
1

1 day = 24 hours
dayfraction
= 24 hours
so,1 the
multiply by 24.
so, the fraction multiply by 24.

4 60

Convert to minutes.
to minutes.
1 Convert
hour = 60
minutes
1 hour = 60 minutes

Solve in veltical form


Solve in veltical form

60
4
240

240 60
Convert to seconds.
1 Convert
minute =to60seconds.
seconds
1
minute
=
60
Solve in veltical seconds
form
Solve in veltical form

14 400 seconds

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240
60
14400

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of a day to hour, minutes and to seconds.

Example 2

Convert 0.5 day to hours, to


minutes and to seconds.

0.5 24 = 12
1 day = 24 hours
day multiply
= 24 hours
so,1 the
by 24.
so, the multiply by 24.

12 60
Convert to minutes.
to minutes.
1 Convert
hour = 60
minutes
1 hour = 60 minutes
Solve in vertical form
Solve in vertical form

12
60
720

720 60
Convert to seconds.
1 Convert
minute =to60seconds.
seconds
1
minute
=
60
Solve in veltical seconds
form
Solve in veltical form

43 200 seconds
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720
60
43200

Convert
Decimal
Decimal
place
Tenths
Hundredths

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time in fractions and decimals of a day to hour, minutes and to seconds.

Exercise 8
1

1
day =
6

1
day =
3

0.2 day =

1.2 days =

0.8 day =

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1
day =
4

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert units of time from


(a) century to years and vice versa

Example 1

Convert 700 years to centuries.

700
100
1 century = 100 years
century by
= 100.
100 years
so,1 divided
so, divided by 100.

7
100 ) 700
700
000

7 years

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Then , 700
Then
700in
divided
by ,100
divided
100 in
vertical by
form
vertical form

Convert
Year
Second
Minute
Hour
Day
Week
Month
Year
Decade
Century

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert units of time from


(a) century to years and vice versa..

Example 2

Convert 3 centuries to years.

3 x 100

1 century = 100 years


century by
= 100
so,1 multiply
100.years
so, multiply by 100.

100
3
300

Solve in vertical form


Solve in vertical form

300 years

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Convert
Year
Second
Minute
Hour
Day
Week
Month
Year
Decade
Century

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert units of time from


(a) century to years and vice versa

Exercise 9
1

500 years =

450 years =

1 000 years =

960 years =

0.8 century =

2.4 centuries =

6 centuries =

0.07 century =

92
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time of time from


(b) century to decades and vice versa.

..
Example 1

Convert 200 decades to centuries.

200
10

1 century = 10 decades
century by
= 10.
10 decades
so,1 divided
so, divided by 10.

20
10 ) 200
20
000
0
0

20 centuries

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Then , 200
Then
200in
divided
by, 10
divided
by
10 in
vertical form
vertical form

Convert
Year
Second
Minute
Hour
Day
Week
Month
Year
Decade
Century

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time of time from


(b) century to decades and vice versa.

.
Example 2

Convert 70 centuries to decades.

Convert
Year
Second
Minute
Hour
Day
Week
Month
Year
Decade
Century

70 x 10
1 century = 10 decades
century by
= 10
so,1 multiply
10.decades
so, multiply by 10.

70
10
700

700 years

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Solve in vertical form


Solve in vertical form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Convert time of time from


(b) century to decades and vice versa.

Exercise 10
1

25 decades =

75 decades =

650 decades =

990 decades =

0.1 century =

0.9 century =

1.7 centuries =

3.6 centuries =

95
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Add time in hours, minutes and seconds..

Example

3 hr 5 min 25 s + 2 hr 20 min 45 s =

Plus
Add
Altogether
Amount
Calculate
Equal to
Regroup

Change to
vertical form

3 hr 5 min 25 s
2 hr 20 min 45 s

Carry out the


addition
operation

2 hr 20 min 45 s
2 hr 20 min 45 s
4 hr 40 min 90 s
+ 1 60 s
4 hr 41 min 30 s
Regroup 60 seconds as 1
Regroup
60 minute
secondsas
as11
minute
and 60
minute
and
60
minute
hour when necessary as 1
hour when necessary

4 hr 41 min 30 s

96
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Add time in hours, minutes and seconds..

Exercise 11
1

7 hr 12 min 45 s + 1 hr 45 min 40 s =

8 hr 42 min 25 s + 1 hr 45 min 25 s =

3 hr 24 min 18 s + 6 hr 54 min 27 s =

5 hr 45 min 56 s + 8 hr 55 min 56 s =

5 hr 38 min 57 s + 6 hr 35 min 8 s =

8 hr 50 min 46 s + 7 hr 12 min 40 s =

97
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Subtract time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Example

5 hr 30 min 15 s 2 hr 45 min 10 s =

Change to
vertical form

5 hr 30 min 15 s
2 hr 45 min 10 s

Carry out the


subtraction
operation

80

54 hr 20 min 15 s
2 hr 45 min 10 s
4 hr 35 min 5 s
60 min + 20 min 45 min
= 60
35min
min+ 20 min 45 min
= 35 min

4 hr 35 min 5 s

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Minus
Subtract
Decimal
point
Balance
Before
Compare
Difference
Less
Less than
Left
Lower than
Position
Vertical
form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Subtarct time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Exercise 12
1

7 hr 12 min 45 s 1 hr 10 min 25 s =

8 hr 42 min 25 s 1 hr 45 min 20 s =

9 hr 12 min 18 s 6 hr 12 min 20 s =

7 hr 45 min 15 s 2 hr 55 min 56 s =

9 hr 40 min 5 s 4 hr 45 min 8 s =

8 hr 10 min 6 s 1 hr 12 min 40 s =

99
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Multiplyt time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Example 2

2 hr 30 min 20 s 4 =

Change to
Vertical form

2 hr 30 min 20 s

Carry out the


multiplication
operation

Regroup 120 min


asRegroup
2 hours 120 min
as 2 hours

2 hr 30 min 20 s
4

8 hr 120 min 80 s
1
60
8 hr 121 min 20 s
2 hr 120 min
10 hr 1 min 20 s

10 hr 1 min 20 s
10 hr 1 min 20 s
100
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Altogether
Amount
Arrange
Equal to
Exact value
Multiple
Multiplican
d
Multiplicati
on
Multiplied
by
Multiply
Multiplier
Group of
Product
Repeated
addition
Times
Vertical
Form

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Multiplyt time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Exercise 13
1

6 hr 12 min 13 s 5 =

5 hr 32 min 20 s 8 =

9 hr 27 min 18 s 3 =

6 hr 40 min 15 s 7 =

7 hr 55 min 45 s 3 =

9 hr 28 min 50 s 9 =

101
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Divide time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Example

8 hr 17 min 20 s 4 =

Arrange
Calculate
Count on
Divide
Divided by
Dividend
Divisible
Division
Divisor
Quotient

4 )8 hr 17 min 20 s
Change to
vertical form

Carry out the


division
operation

Regroup 1 min to 60 s
Regroup 1 min to 60 s

2 hr 4 min 20 s
4 )8 hr 17 min 20 s
8 16
60
1
80
8
00
0
0

2 hr 4 min 20 s

102
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Divide time in hours, minutes and seconds.

Exercise 14
1

7 hr 3 min 5 s 5 =

4 hr 32 min 33 s 3 =

9 hr 44 min 24 s 6 =

11 hr 43 min 12 s 9 =

1 hr 5 min 6 s 9 =

6 hr 32 min 10 s 5 =

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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Identify the start and end time of an event


Calculate the duration of an event involving
(a) hours, minutes and seconds
(b) days and hours

Example

Karim left her house at 2310 hours and reached


his school at 1445. How long did he take to
travel to his school ?

Change to
vertical form

23 hr 10 min
14 hr 45 min

Carry out the


subtraction
operation

70

5 hr 10 min
2 hr 45 min
2 hr 25 min
60 min + 10 min 45 min
= 60
25min
min+ 10 min 45 min
= 25 min

2 hr 25 min
2 hr 25 min
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After
Analogue clock
Ante meridiem
Arrival
Before
Calendar
Change
Clock wise
Common year
Compare
Convert
Departure
Duration
Ending Time
Estimation
Leap year
Post meridiem
Rotate
Rearrange
Schedule
Starting time
Time
Yesterday

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Identify the start and end time of an event


Calculate the duration of an event involving
(c) hours, minutes and seconds
(b) days and hours

Exercise 15
1

The table below shows the


examination time-table for a subjects.

Puan Zainab spent 2 hour 25 minutes


cleaning her house and 1 hour 55
minutes cooking a meal. How long did
she take to complete her house hold
chores ?

Subject
Time
Mathematics 1130 hour 1245 hour
Calculate the duration of time in hour
and minutes.

A movie started at 0345 hours and


ended at 0525 hours. What is the
duration of the movie ?

What is the duration between 1245


hours and 2110 hours ?

Amin started a marathon race at 0835


hours. He finished at 10.25 hours. Find
the duration of the marathon race.

Suzie goes to holiday from 0845 hours


Tuesdays until 0945 hours Wednesday.
Find the duration she goes for
holidays?

105
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WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Determine the start or end time of an event from a given duration duration of time.

Example 1

Seman finish his work at 1540 hours. He


had been working for 7 hours 45 minutes.
At what time did he start his work ?

Change to
Vertical form

15 hr 40 min
7 hr 45 min

Carry out the


subtraction
operation

14

100

15 hr
40 min
Change
to
Vertical
form
7 hr 45 min
7 hr 55 min
40 min + 60 min 45 min
= 40
55min
min+ 60 min 45 min
= 55 min

7: 25 a.m.
7: 25 a.m.
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After
Analogue clock
Ante meridiem
Arrival
Before
Calendar
Change
Clock wise
Common year
Compare
Convert
Departure
Duration
Ending Time
Estimation
Leap year
Post meridiem
Rotate
Rearrange
Schedule
Starting time
Time
Yesterday

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Determine the start or end time of an event from a given duration duration of time.

Example 2

Table shows the time taken by Ali to


revise his lesson.
SubjectTime takenMathematics1 houe 30
minutesScience45 minutesAli starts his

revision at 2:15 p.m. At


What time does Ali finish his revision ?

Change to
vertical form.
Carry out the
addition
operation.

1 hr 30 min
+
45 min
1 hr 75 min
+ 1 hr 60 min
2 hr 15 min

Regroup 60 s to
1 minute.

2 hr 15 min
2 hr 15 min
4 hr 30 min

4:30 p.m.
4:30 p.m.
107

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Next, the
addition
operation.

After
Analogue clock
Ante meridiem
Arrival
Before
Calendar
Change
Clock wise
Common year
Compare
Convert
Departure
Duration
Ending Time
Estimation
Leap year
Post meridiem
Rotate
Rearrange
Schedule
Starting time
Time
Yesterday

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

Determine the start or end time of an event from a given duration duration of time.

Exercise 16
1

The train arrived at Kuala Kangsar at


0235 hours and departed for Kuala
Lumpur 4 hours 25 minutes later.
Calculate the time of departure.

Ali started a marathon race at 0745


hours. He took 3 hours 35 minutes to
complete the race. At what time did he
reach the finishing line ?

A school concert lasted 3 hours


32 minutes and ended at 6:30 p.m.
What time did it start ?

Amin finished his work at 2345 hours.


He had been working for 2 hours
55 minutes. At what time did he start
his work ?

An examination ended at 1210 hours.


It lasted 1 hour 15 minutes. At what
time did the examination start ?

1
hour to walk to
3

school. If she starts at 0845 hours, at


what time does she reach school ?

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Ramlah takes

WAJA MATHEMATICS YEAR 5


PERAK

JPN

109
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