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NRSC - Factsheet A - 06 (Jan, 2014)

National Remote Sensing Centre

nrsc

Water Resources
Remote sensing based inputs have been significantly
contributing to the water resources development,
planning and management. The major areas of
applications in the field of water resource are:

Irrigation infrastructure monitoring


Snow melt runoff forecasting
Basin-level water resources assessment
Flood forecasting and inundation modelling
Glacial lake / Water bodies monitoring
GLOF studies
Irrigation performance assessment
Reservoir capacity loss assessment
River basin planning & development
Hydrologic modelling

Assessment of Irrigation Infrastructure and


Potential using CARTOSAT Data
Time stamping of progress of Irrigation
Infrastructure.
Demonstrated in 103 Irrigation projects
with Irrigation Potential target of 6.30 Mha
Application Module developed on BHUVAN
Web Portal for online monitoring.
Internalized by Central Water Commission 13 projects are being monitored.
Irrigation Canal Network as seen from Cartosat data

Snow Melt Runoff Forecasting for Himalayan River Basins


during 1-8 May 2013

during 1-8 May 2013


100 %

65843 watt-hour
Chenab

1%

529 watt-hour

Beas
Sutlej

Yamuna

Insolation

Bhagirathi
Alaknanda

Snow Albedo

Snowmelt Runoff Forecast models are developed for


Alaknanda, Beas, Bhagirathi, Chenab, Sutlej and Yamuna river
basins.

Seasonal (Apr-Jun) snowmelt runoff forecast was issued on


31-March and Short-term (16 day) snowmelt runoff forecasts
were issued during April , May and June.

Snow Cover Dynamics - Himalayan Region


Snow cover In Himalayan region

Inland
water bodies

Snow cover & water bodies information captured during 22-26th Dec, 2013

Spectral knowledge based automated Algorithm for surface


water and snow cover dynamics.
Near Real Time products of snow cover and surface water
for Hindu Kush Himalayas and India respectively.

Online Monitoring Module - BHUVAN

National Remote Sensing Centre

Real-Time Flood Forecasting and Inundation Modelling


Mahanadi FF Model

- Development of Flood Early warning systems for critical flood prone areas.
- Real time implementation in collaboration with CWC and IMD.
- ALTM DEM for inundation simulation.
- Modelling Environment: HEC / MIKE 11

Hazard Assessment of
South Lhonak Glacier Lake in Sikkim Himalaya
Possible flood inundation simulation in case of
Sudden failure of the earthen dam (at 10000 m 3/s)

Inventory and Monitoring of


Glacial Lakes & Water Bodies

Computed flood hydrographs for


different depths of water in the lake

Inventory of glacial lakes and water bodies


(>10ha) in Himalayan region of Indian river basins

Glacial Lakes

Assessment of Basin Scale Water Availability


Space based inputs were used to re-assess basin level water resources in
Godavari and Brahmani-Baitarani river basins

Snow

Brahmani &
Baitarani River
Basins

Glacial Lakes
1200
1000
800
600
400
200
0

Water Bodies

1099
Rainfall

River
Discharge

Water
Resources

Basin level reassessment of water resources to be done by CWC with


support of NRSC for all basins in the country

294

178

105

Brahmaputra Ganga

321
31

Spatial Water Balance Components


Godavari River basin, Jun-Oct, 2007

Indus

1185

1486

Monitoring of seasonal (Jun-Oct) changes in lakes/


water bodies (>50ha) during 2011, 2012 & 2013
Hazard assessment and GLOF studies
Evapotranspiration (mm)

www.nrsc.gov.in
www.bhuvan.nrsc.gov.in

Runoff (mm)