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# ECE REVIEW COURSE

1. Evaluate

Substitute : x 1.001

1.001 1
x 1

0.4
x 2 3x 4 1.0012 3 1.001 4
2

2/5
2. Find the slope
d 3
m y'
x x5
11
x 2
dx

y x3 3x2 4x 5

y' 3x 6x 4
y" 6x 6
0 6x 6
x 1
2

x 6 2 y 0 2

x 6 2 8x

13. Evaluate
x
0.001

1
1 ex 1 e0.001

Mode Table
f x

## 14. If the sum

xy 4y 4x

x 6 2 y 0 2

S x3 y3

Start ? 0

S x3 4 x

End? 10

f x

f x x3 4 x

0
1
2
3

6
5.7745
5.6568 min. distance
5.7745

Start ? 0

End? 4
Step? 0.5
x

Formula :
1
1
Hcyl hcone 9 3
3
3
2
2
Rcyl rcone 3 2
3
3

1 y ' 2

R
y"

V R H 2 3 12

3/2

1 12

3/2

2.83

5. Find y if

dV 3s2ds
0.03 3 2 ds

u xy yz zx
u
y 1 0 z 1 y z
x

y xln x x
1
y' ln x x 1
x
y' ln x

ds 0.0025
y 2 8x
2yy' 8

y' 4y 1 4 4 1
1

r
6. At what value
x3 9x y 0

h
2

3x 2 9 y' 0

y" 4y 2 y'
y" 4 4

4.8
x
1.2

1.2

s
4.8 1.2

x
s
1
s x
4
ds 1 dx 1

## 0.9 m / s 0.225 m/s

dt 4 dt 4
8. Find the minimum

1 0.25

1 y' 2

R
y"

3x 2 9 18 0
x3

V s3

8 s3
s2

f x

0
64
1
28
2
16 min
3
28
4
64

y ln x
1 1
y' 1
x 1
1
1
y " 2 2 1
x
1

Mode Table

Step? 1

y 1 3 1 4 1 5 7
3

## THE Differential Calculus Solution

Formula :
V
Vcyl sphere
3
4
3
10
2
3
r h
3
r 2h 769.8
769.8
r2
h

3/2

1 12

0.25

3/2

R 11.31
17. A man on a wharf

s
4.2

h
R2 r 2
2
769.8
h2
102

h
4
h 11.55 cm

s2 x2 4.2

x s2 4.2

## 12. The volume of the

4
V r 3
3
dV
dr
4r 2
dt
dt
2 dr
6 4 50
dt
dr
1.91x104
dt
A 4r 2
dA
dr
8r 8 50 1.91x104 0.24
dt
dt

2
dx d 2
ds
s 4.2 x 7

dt ds
dt
1.25 0.3 m/ s

dx
0.375 m/s
dt
18. The sum of

Use reverse:
A. 20 16 320
B. 14 22 308
C. 18 18 324 max
D. 17 19 323

km 1000 m 1hr
80

22 m/ s
hr km 3600 s

19. Evaluate:

22t 2 75 4.5t 2

## tan x sin x tan 0.01 sin 0.01

sin3 x
sin3 0.01

28. A balloon is

ds d
2
2
22.22t 75 4.5t t 1

dt dt
ds
10.32 m/s
dt

0.5
20. If the distance x

100
s

dx
32t 5000
dt
At t 0,
dx
32 0 5000 5000
dt

4t

100 2 4t 2

ds d
2
2
100 4t t 10

dt dt
ds
m
1.49
dt
s

8
h

32

dh dV / dt

dt
A
Mode STAT _ Cx 2
x
y
0
0

dx
2 m/ min
dt
x2 y 2 32

8 4

322 x2

2
dy d
dx
32 x 2 x 10

dt dx
dt
dy
0.329 2m/ s
dt
dy
0.658 m/ min
dt

150 50t
s

1
9

1
in / s
9

9t

dh
1
V d2h
4
1
108 d2d
4
d h 5.16
r 2.58

22. At noon

12 4t

A s 2r 2 2rh

## 100 30t 2 15t 2

26. A poster is to

## Substitute the choices which will produce

the minimum distance.
if t 2.67 ans
s

## 100 30 2.67 15 2.67

2

10

s 44.721 min

10

23. A helicopter is

x 10 y 20 300 eq.1
Amin xy

22t

1
1

cos(0.0001)

cos(0.0001) 1
2

Use reverse.

75 4.5t

9t 2 12 4t 2 62

5 y

4t

Use CALCULATOR:
ds d
2
2
9t 12 4t 62
t 1
dt dt
ds
3.64 m/s
dt

A s 125.5

15t

## 100 50t 2 150 50t 2

ds d
2
2
100 50t 150 50t x 4

dt dt
ds
67.08 kph
dt

AC 1 6y 0.0353

y 30.4

100 30t

10 2 y2 322
y

100 50t

dy
?
dt

4(tan0.0001)3
2 sin0.0001 1
0

## Try the choices. The area must be

minimum and equation 1 must be satisfied. 33. Find the second
3
y 2x 3 4x
27. Water is pouring

V t t
dV d
7

t t t 9 gph
dt dt
6

y ' 2 9 4x 2

y ' 2 36 4x 2

y '' 72 4x 2 4
y '' 72 4 6
y " 1728

## 34. If the area

sum 20
5 15 20

P 30

A r 2

P 30

10
3
3
1
1
2
A ab sin 10 sin 60o 43.3
2
2

64 r
r 8mm
dA 2r dr
2

abc

dA 2 8 0.02
dA 1.01 mm2

Max 5 15 16875
3

45. If the hypotenuse

## For maximum area of a triangle with

known hypotenuse, the triangle
should be isosceles. b = h

## Use reverse. Substitute the points in the

choices to the equation of the curve.
Answer is (2, 2). If ever two or more
choices will satisfy, solve the distance
with point (4, 1). The point with the
shortest distance will be the answer.

## x2 4y2 10x 16y 5 0

2x 8yy ' 10 16y ' 0
y 2 80.5
y 4.8284
x7

x additional student that will join the trip

22.6274 y ' 4 0

## y ' 0.1768 slope of ellipse

dI
200 x 0.05 20 0.05x 1 0
dx
0.05 200 x 20 0.05x 1

## 36. Find the area of

10 0.05x 20 0.05x
x 100
Total number of students 200 100
Total number of students 300

h =10

x
y

## For closed cylindrical tank,

dh
1
V d2h
4
1
576.56 d2d
4
d h 9.02
r 4.51
A s 2r 2 2rh
2 4.51 2 4.51 9.02
2

A s 383.4
47. The stiffness

b = 20

## 41. What is the

y x3 3x

A xy
b
h
x ; y
2
2
b h
A
2 2

Solution:

y' 3x2 3
y" 6x

When y' 0
0 3x 2 3

20 10
A
50
2 2

x2 1
x 1 (-1 is also an endpoint)
y( 1) 1 3 1
3

## 37. Determine the

y( 1) 2

y(1) 1 3 1

y( 1) 2
Therefore,
ymax 2

42. A cylindrical

## For minimum surface area (cost minimum)

of a cylinder with closed both ends:
hD
1
V D2h
4
1
2300 D2D
4
D 14.3

2a 12,a 6
2b 10,b 5
A 2x 2y
a
6

2
2
b
5
y

2
2
x

b
Sbd3
S Kbd3
D2 d2 b2
b D2 d2

Kd 2d
d 3d
0
2 D d

S K D2 d2 d3
ds
K D2
dd

3 D

d d

3 D2 d2 d2 d4
2

3D2 3d2 d2
4d2 3D2

4d2 3 d2 b2

## The triangle which has the largest area

is an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE.

b
c

d2 3b2

d 3b

## P x 100 0.02x 15000 40x

dP
x 0.02 100 0.02x 1 40 0
dx
0.02x 100 0.02x 40 0
0.04x 60
x 1500 number of commodity produced
per pay
44. Find the two
Use reverse.

6
5
A 2x 2y 2
2

2
2

A 60

## ECE REVIEW COURSE

48. Water flows into a

V r 2h
dv
dh
r 2
dt
dt

1
ft 1min
cu.ft/s r 2 0.425

5
min 60s

r 3
d 6 ft

A rL
L2 h2 r 2
L2 4 3
2

L 5 Assumed constant
dA
dr
L
dt
dt
dA
2 5
dt
dA
10cm2 / sec .
dt
50. A baseball
2ndBase

st

1 Base

3rd Base

s
90
Home Plate

s x2 902
ds d 2
dx
x 902 x 30

dt dx
dt
0.3162 28ft/s
ds
8.854 m/s
dt
God bless!