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ECE REVIEW COURSE

1. Evaluate

Substitute : x 1.001

1.001 1
x 1

0.4
x 2 3x 4 1.0012 3 1.001 4
2

2/5
2. Find the slope
d 3
m y'
x x5
11
x 2
dx

3. Given the function


y x3 3x2 4x 5

y' 3x 6x 4
y" 6x 6
0 6x 6
x 1
2

x 6 2 y 0 2

x 6 2 8x

13. Evaluate
x
0.001

1
1 ex 1 e0.001

Mode Table
f x

14. If the sum


xy 4y 4x

x 6 2 y 0 2

S x3 y3

Start ? 0

S x3 4 x

End? 10

f x

f x x3 4 x

0
1
2
3

6
5.7745
5.6568 min. distance
5.7745

Start ? 0

End? 4
Step? 0.5
x

4. Find the volume


Formula :
1
1
Hcyl hcone 9 3
3
3
2
2
Rcyl rcone 3 2
3
3

1 y ' 2

R
y"

V R H 2 3 12

3/2

1 12

3/2

2.83

10. Find the partial

5. Find y if

dV 3s2ds
0.03 3 2 ds

u xy yz zx
u
y 1 0 z 1 y z
x

y xln x x
1
y' ln x x 1
x
y' ln x

ds 0.0025
16. Find the radius
y 2 8x
2yy' 8

11. Find the height

y' 4y 1 4 4 1
1

r
6. At what value
x3 9x y 0

h
2

3x 2 9 y' 0

y" 4y 2 y'
y" 4 4

7. A boy, 1.2 m tall

4.8
x
1.2

1.2

s
4.8 1.2

x
s
1
s x
4
ds 1 dx 1

0.9 m / s 0.225 m/s


dt 4 dt 4
8. Find the minimum

1 0.25

1 y' 2

R
y"

3x 2 9 18 0
x3

15. What is the


V s3

8 s3
s2

f x

0
64
1
28
2
16 min
3
28
4
64
Answer : 16

y ln x
1 1
y' 1
x 1
1
1
y " 2 2 1
x
1

Answer : 1, 7

Mode Table

Step? 1

9. Find the radius

y 1 3 1 4 1 5 7
3

THE Differential Calculus Solution

Formula :
V
Vcyl sphere
3
4
3
10
2
3
r h
3
r 2h 769.8
769.8
r2
h

3/2

1 12


0.25

3/2

R 11.31
17. A man on a wharf

s
4.2

h
R2 r 2
2
769.8
h2
102

h
4
h 11.55 cm

s2 x2 4.2

x s2 4.2

12. The volume of the


4
V r 3
3
dV
dr
4r 2
dt
dt
2 dr
6 4 50
dt
dr
1.91x104
dt
A 4r 2
dA
dr
8r 8 50 1.91x104 0.24
dt
dt

2
dx d 2
ds
s 4.2 x 7

dt ds
dt
1.25 0.3 m/ s

dx
0.375 m/s
dt
18. The sum of

Use reverse:
A. 20 16 320
B. 14 22 308
C. 18 18 324 max
D. 17 19 323

ECE REVIEW COURSE

THE Differential Calculus Solution

km 1000 m 1hr
80

22 m/ s
hr km 3600 s

19. Evaluate:

Substitute x 0.01, Radian mode

22t 2 75 4.5t 2

tan x sin x tan 0.01 sin 0.01

sin3 x
sin3 0.01

28. A balloon is

ds d
2
2
22.22t 75 4.5t t 1

dt dt
ds
10.32 m/s
dt

0.5
20. If the distance x

100
s

24. Water running

x 16t 5000t 5000


dx
32t 5000
dt
At t 0,
dx
32 0 5000 5000
dt

4t

100 2 4t 2

ds d
2
2
100 4t t 10

dt dt
ds
m
1.49
dt
s

29. Two railroad

8
h

21. One end of 32 m

32

dh dV / dt

dt
A
Mode STAT _ Cx 2
x
y
0
0

dx
2 m/ min
dt
x2 y 2 32

8 4

322 x2

Answer :

2
dy d
dx
32 x 2 x 10

dt dx
dt
dy
0.329 2m/ s
dt
dy
0.658 m/ min
dt

150 50t
s

1
9

1
in / s
9

30. An LRT train 6 m

25. Find the minimum

9t

For closed cylindrical tank,


dh
1
V d2h
4
1
108 d2d
4
d h 5.16
r 2.58

22. At noon

12 4t

A s 2r 2 2rh

100 30t 2 15t 2

26. A poster is to

Substitute the choices which will produce


the minimum distance.
if t 2.67 ans
s

100 30 2.67 15 2.67


2

10

s 44.721 min

10

23. A helicopter is

x 10 y 20 300 eq.1
Amin xy

22t

1
1

cos(0.0001)

cos(0.0001) 1
2

32. Evaluate the limit

Use reverse.

75 4.5t

9t 2 12 4t 2 62

31. Evaluate the

5 y

4t

Use CALCULATOR:
ds d
2
2
9t 12 4t 62
t 1
dt dt
ds
3.64 m/s
dt

A s 125.5

15t

2 2.58 2 2.58 5.16

100 50t 2 150 50t 2

ds d
2
2
100 50t 150 50t x 4

dt dt
ds
67.08 kph
dt

AC 1 6y 0.0353

y 30.4

100 30t

10 2 y2 322
y

100 50t

dy
?
dt

4(tan0.0001)3
2 sin0.0001 1
0

Try the choices. The area must be


minimum and equation 1 must be satisfied. 33. Find the second
3
Answer: x 22.24, y 44.5
y 2x 3 4x
27. Water is pouring

V t t
dV d
7

t t t 9 gph
dt dt
6

y ' 2 9 4x 2

y ' 2 36 4x 2

y '' 72 4x 2 4
y '' 72 4 6
y " 1728

ECE REVIEW COURSE

THE Differential Calculus Solution

34. If the area

sum 20
5 15 20

P 30

A r 2

P 30

10
3
3
1
1
2
A ab sin 10 sin 60o 43.3
2
2

64 r
r 8mm
dA 2r dr
2

abc

dA 2 8 0.02
dA 1.01 mm2

Max 5 15 16875
3

Answer : 5 and 15
45. If the hypotenuse

For maximum area of a triangle with


known hypotenuse, the triangle
should be isosceles. b = h

39. Find a point on the

35. Find the slope

Use reverse. Substitute the points in the


choices to the equation of the curve.
Answer is (2, 2). If ever two or more
choices will satisfy, solve the distance
with point (4, 1). The point with the
shortest distance will be the answer.

x2 4y2 10x 16y 5 0


2x 8yy ' 10 16y ' 0
y 2 80.5
y 4.8284
x7

40. A sponsored trip


x additional student that will join the trip

2 7 8 4.8284 y ' 10 16y ' 0


22.6274 y ' 4 0

l 200 x 20 0.05x gross income

y ' 0.1768 slope of ellipse

dI
200 x 0.05 20 0.05x 1 0
dx
0.05 200 x 20 0.05x 1

36. Find the area of

10 0.05x 20 0.05x
x 100
Total number of students 200 100
Total number of students 300

h =10

x
y

46. A closed cylindrical

For closed cylindrical tank,


dh
1
V d2h
4
1
576.56 d2d
4
d h 9.02
r 4.51
A s 2r 2 2rh
2 4.51 2 4.51 9.02
2

A s 383.4
47. The stiffness

b = 20

41. What is the

y x3 3x

A xy
b
h
x ; y
2
2
b h
A
2 2

Solution:

y' 3x2 3
y" 6x

When y' 0
0 3x 2 3

20 10
A
50
2 2

x2 1
x 1 (-1 is also an endpoint)
y( 1) 1 3 1
3

37. Determine the

y( 1) 2

y(1) 1 3 1

y( 1) 2
Therefore,
ymax 2

42. A cylindrical

For minimum surface area (cost minimum)


of a cylinder with closed both ends:
hD
1
V D2h
4
1
2300 D2D
4
D 14.3

2a 12,a 6
2b 10,b 5
A 2x 2y
a
6

2
2
b
5
y

2
2
x

b
Sbd3
S Kbd3
D2 d2 b2
b D2 d2


Kd 2d
d 3d
0
2 D d

S K D2 d2 d3
ds
K D2
dd

3 D

d d

3 D2 d2 d2 d4
2

3D2 3d2 d2
4d2 3D2

4d2 3 d2 b2

38. Find the largest

The triangle which has the largest area


is an EQUILATERAL TRIANGLE.

b
c

43. The selling price

d2 3b2

Pr ofit selling price production cos t

d 3b

P x 100 0.02x 15000 40x


dP
x 0.02 100 0.02x 1 40 0
dx
0.02x 100 0.02x 40 0
0.04x 60
x 1500 number of commodity produced
per pay
44. Find the two
Use reverse.

4d2 3d2 3b2

6
5
A 2x 2y 2
2

2
2

A 60

ECE REVIEW COURSE


48. Water flows into a

V r 2h
dv
dh
r 2
dt
dt

1
ft 1min
cu.ft/s r 2 0.425

5
min 60s

r 3
d 6 ft
49. The base radius

A rL
L2 h2 r 2
L2 4 3
2

L 5 Assumed constant
dA
dr
L
dt
dt
dA
2 5
dt
dA
10cm2 / sec .
dt
50. A baseball
2ndBase

st

1 Base

3rd Base

s
90
Home Plate

s x2 902
ds d 2
dx
x 902 x 30

dt dx
dt
0.3162 28ft/s
ds
8.854 m/s
dt
God bless!

THE Differential Calculus Solution