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Contents

1)Types of industries
2)Infrastructure necessary for industries
3)Industrial History
4)Industrial development
5)Industrial technology

Types of industries 

Industries are- 

On the basis of size. 

On the basis of raw material. 

On the basis of ownership. 

Industry and society. 

Industrial labour. 

Industry and war.

On the basis of size
The size of an industry depends upon the amount of capital invested, number of labour employed and the amount of
production. We can classify the industries in three groups : Cottage industry 
Small scale industry 
Large scale industry
Cottage industries
It utilizes local raw material. The products are mainly for the local market. Labour work is mostly done by family
members and ordinary tools and equipments are used. The farmers in their free time or craftsman in rural areas make
goods like ropes, baskets, cloth, etc.
Small scale industries
It uses power driven machines and labour, raw material can be obtained from outside and goods are sold through
traders. They play an important role in the developing countries and produce cloth, paper goods, toys ,furniture, etc.
Large scale industries
It use power driven machines, thousands of labours, large capital investment, complex management, raw material from
far off places. The products are sent to distant markets. Iron and steel mills, textile mills, etc are some examples of large
scale industry.
On the basis of raw material 
Agro based industry 
Mineral based industry

food processing vegetable oils. the industries can be classified as under-:  Private sector industries  Public sector industries  Joint sector industries  Cooperative sector industries  Multi-national sector industries Private sector Industries They are owned and managed by the individuals or a group of individuals. Public sector Industries They are owned and managed by the central or state governments or its agencies. bones. etc. etc are public sector Industries. skins. Things needed in industry are-:  Raw material  Power resources Labour supplies  Means of transport . Multi-National Industries They are setup in a collaboration with foreigners onvestros. they use hides. some banks. etc. etc are agro based industry. Infrastructure necessary for industries Industries are located only at such places. food procession. dairy industry and sugar mills. Pastoral based industry It obtain their raw material from animals like sheep. goats. such as cane-growers. cattle. where the products can be manufactured and the goods can be easily sold at the lowest rate. Pepsi. milk.based industries. Pastoral based industry  Forest based industry Agro based industry It obtain their raw materials from agriculture. are pastoral. Bhilai steel plant. Cotton and jute text tiles. Such industeris are owned and managed by members of two or more countries. Bharat heavy Electricals. horns. leather goods. Gujarat Alkalies. the woolen textiles.. Reliance Industries. These include companies like Coc-cola. Now the trend is towards joint sector industries. The examples are handloom sector. etc. TISCO. Joint sector Industries They are owned and managed jointly by the private firms and the government agencies. Generally the members are producers of raw materials. which include Oil-India. On the basis of ownership Depending upon the nature of ownership. etc. sugar industry. Cooperative sector Industries They are owned and managed by a group of people belonging to a cooperative society. dairy products. bokaro steel plant. flesh .etc. TELCO are private sector industries.

etc need very large quantities of water. Workers to fill the large Labour supply Means of Transport Some type of Transport is needed for the assembly of raw materials and for sending the finished goods to the market. Market  Water supply  Site  Climate  Finance or capital  Government policy Raw material A regular and assured supply of raw material. where most of their work is done by machines. For example. which is to be processed. Raw material are of two types. need skilled workers. It reduces the cost of transporting the finished goods. the finished goods should reach quick the market. Now the big industries are setup away from the urban areas due to less cost of land.weight loosing and pure materials. paper. but also at very cheap rates. Large areas are needed to build factories and also for further expansion. Ready market is most essential for the perishable and heavy commodities. Climate . Some industries. an efficient network of transport at reasonable rates is essential for the development of industries. Labour supplies The continues and successful working of an industry depends on an adequate supply of labour at reasonable wages. Thus. is essential for the location and growth of industries. Thus. Site Level land is always preferred over hilly areas. To use it first we have to recycle the water. we need 300 tons of water. mineral oil and electricity are important sources of power for industries. The water used in industries is polluted after the use and now they are not of any other purposes to use. Market After the processing of raw materials. like iron and steel. rayon. textile. such industries near rivers. Railway or road junctions or ports are considering to be suitable for locating industries. The power should be available not only in adequate quantities. Most of their industries tend to be located near the source of power. Power resources Coal.To produce one ton of steel. canals or lakes. Water supply Most of the industries. Nearness to market s useful for quick sale of goods. Many industries are located with respect to raw materials only. The unskilled workers are readily available in densely populated areas.

Extreme climatic conditions. mobilization. There are many other factors of local Significance. and working conditions. industrial process. This process has accelerated with the development of the computer and the robot. industrial design. See automation. Later automation was increasingly used to replace human operators. with individual workers performing specific steps during the process. is not suitable for developing industries. Which can also influence of an industry. working from their homes. hours. forming a cartel of labor. This led to significant increases in efficiency. patented inventions and craft skills. Industry and society An industrial society can be defined in many ways. Originally the factories were steam-powered. but its full potential showed during the World wars. A government must have some kind of industrial policy. lowering the cost of the end process. Industrial technology There are several branches of technology and engineering specialized for industrial application. The mechanized assembly line was introduced to assemble parts in a repeatable fashion. regulating . Early instances of industrial warfare were the Crimean war and the American civil war. industry employs a major part of the population. Finance or Capital Modern industries need huge investments. Sometimes industries are developed in a particular region due to concessions from the government. the total war concept and weapons of mass destruction. This occurs typically in the manufacturing sector. Some industries which are usually operated from large centralized factories were cottage industries before the Industrial Revolution. with consequent changes in society. Government Policy In almost every country. This includes mathematical models. but it is still considered as an important factor for locating industries. Industrial development The industrial revolution led to the development of factories for large-scale production. but later transitioned to electricity once an electrical grid was developed. Today. industry is an important part of most societies and nations. Although scientific and technologies progress has reduced the importance of climate. Industrial Labour In an industrial society. . with mass-produced weaponry and supplies. the government plays an important role in determining the location of industries. Finance from individuals. Industrial History A cottage industry is an industry – primarily manufacturing – which includes many producers. whether hot. industrial arts and industrial applicability. cold or wet. companies. A labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages. Industry and war The industrial revolution changed warfare. Industries estates are developed in different parts to reduce regional disparities. machine-powered transportation. banks or from government are available in big cities. financing and Industrial labour. industrial architecture. typically part time. Thus the planning and management of industries it concentrated in cities. The term originally referred to home workers who were engaged in a task such as sewing or lace-making. Industrial pollution.