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IEA

STATISTICS

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ELECTRICITY

INFORMATION

2012

International
Energy Agency

ELECTRICITY
INFORMATION

2012
Electricity Information provides a comprehensive review of historical and current
market trends in the OECD electricity sector, including 2011 preliminary data.
An Introduction, notes, definitions and auxiliary information are provided in
Part I. Part II of the publication provides an overview of the world electricity
developments in 2010 covering world electricity and heat production, input fuel
mix, supply and consumption, and electricity imports and exports. A greater
focus is given to the 34 OECD countries with more detailed information covering
production, installed capacity, input energy mix to electricity and heat production,
consumption, electricity trades, input fuel prices and end-user electricity prices.
Part III of the publication provides a corresponding statistical overview of
developments in the world and OECD electricity and heat market for 2010, as well
as monthly OECD production and trade electricity data for 2011.
Part IV provides, in tabular form, detailed and comprehensive statistical coverage
of the power and heat industry developments for each of the OECD member
countries and for OECD and IEA regional aggregates. It provides comprehensive
statistical details on overall energy consumption, economic indicators, electricity
and heat production by energy form and plant type, electricity imports and
exports, sectoral energy and electricity consumption, as well as prices for electricity
and electricity input fuels for each country and regional aggregate.
Electricity Information is one of a series of annual IEA statistical publications
on major energy sources; other reports are Coal Information, Natural Gas
Information, Oil Information and Renewables Information.

(61 2012 14 1 P1) e150
ISBN 978-92-64-17468-9

-:HSTCQE=V\Y[]^:

ELECTRICITY

INFORMATION

2012
with 2011 data

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY
The International Energy Agency (IEA), an autonomous agency, was established in November 1974.
Its primary mandate was – and is – two-fold: to promote energy security amongst its member
countries through collective response to physical disruptions in oil supply, and provide authoritative
research and analysis on ways to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member
countries and beyond. The IEA carries out a comprehensive programme of energy co-operation among
its member countries, each of which is obliged to hold oil stocks equivalent to 90 days of its net imports.
The Agency’s aims include the following objectives:
n Secure member countries’ access to reliable and ample supplies of all forms of energy; in particular,
through maintaining effective emergency response capabilities in case of oil supply disruptions.
n Promote sustainable energy policies that spur economic growth and environmental protection
in a global context – particularly in terms of reducing greenhouse-gas emissions that contribute
to climate change.
n Improve transparency of international markets through collection and analysis of
energy data.
n Support global collaboration on energy technology to secure future energy supplies
and mitigate their environmental impact, including through improved energy
efficiency and development and deployment of low-carbon technologies.
n Find solutions to global energy challenges through engagement and
dialogue with non-member countries, industry, international
organisations and other stakeholders.

© OECD/IEA, 2012
International Energy Agency
9 rue de la Fédération
75739 Paris Cedex 15, France

www.iea.org

IEA member countries:
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Canada
Czech Republic
Denmark
Finland
France
Germany
Greece
Hungary
Ireland
Italy
Japan
Korea (Republic of)
Luxembourg
Netherlands
New Zealand
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Slovak Republic
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom
United States

Please note that this publication
is subject to specific restrictions
that limit its use and distribution.
The terms and conditions are available online at
http://www.iea.org/termsandconditionsuseandcopyright/

The European Commission
also participates in
the work of the IEA.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) - iii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART I
INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION
1. Introduction .................................................... I.3

4. Country notes .............................................. I.15

2. Definitions ....................................................... I.5

5. Geographical coverage .............................. I.29

3. Sources and notes ......................................... I.9

6. Conversion factors & calorific values ....... I.31
Country specific net calorific values ........................I.34

PART II
WORLD ELECTRICITY DEVELOPMENTS
1. Summary ........................................................ II.3

3. Electricity consumption ............................. II.11

Production............................................................... II.3
Consumption........................................................... II.4
Trade ...................................................................... II.4
OECD prices ........................................................... II.4

OECD consumption ...............................................II.11
OECD sectoral consumption .................................II.11
Non-OECD consumption .......................................II.11
OECD heat consumption .......................................II.12
OECD market shares.............................................II.12

OECD production and installed capacity ................ II.5
Hydroelectric power.................................................... II.5
Nuclear power ............................................................ II.6
Geothermal, solar, tide, wave and wind power ........... II.6
Combustible fuels....................................................... II.6
Coal ..................................................................... II.7
Oil ........................................................................ II.7
Natural Gas.......................................................... II.7
Biofuels and waste ............................................... II.7
Heat production .......................................................... II.8
Direct use of heat ....................................................... II.8

Non-OECD production ............................................ II.8
Hydroelectric power.................................................... II.9
Nuclear power ............................................................ II.9
Geothermal, solar, tide, wave and wind power ........... II.9
Combustible fuels....................................................... II.9
Coal ..................................................................... II.9
Oil ........................................................................ II.9
Natural Gas.......................................................... II.9
Biofuels and waste ............................................... II.9
Heat production ........................................................ II.10

4. Electricity trade ........................................... II.15
OECD electricity trade ...........................................II.15
Non-OECD electricity trade ...................................II.15

5. OECD prices ................................................ II.17
Electricity prices for industry ..................................II.17
Electricity prices for households ............................II.17
Prices of competing fuels.......................................II.18

6. Trends in the OECD
electricity sector ......................................... II.19
Energy and electricity intensity ..............................II.19
Electricity production..............................................II.20

7. Co-generation and Renewables ................ II.21

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

2. Production and installed capacity ............... II.5

iv- ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition)

PART III
ELECTRICITY DATA OVERVIEW
1. World
Figure 1.1:
Table 1.1:
Table 1.2:
Table 1.3:
Table 1.4:
Table 1.5:

World electricity and energy production........................................................................................................................... III.3
World electricity production, imports, exports, final consumption, 2010 (TWh) ................................................................ III.4
World gross electricity production, by country, by source, 2010 (TWh) ............................................................................ III.8
World gross electricity production from combustible fuels, by country, 2010 (TWh) ....................................................... III.12
World gross heat production from combustible fuels, by country 2010 (PJ) ................................................................... III.16
World fuel use for electricity and heat production, by country, 2010 (PJ) ....................................................................... III.20

2. OECD
Table 2.1:
Table 2.2:
Table 2.3:
Table 2.4:
Table 2.5:
Table 2.6:
Table 2.7:
Table 2.8:
Table 2.9:
Table 2.10:
Table 2.11:
Table 2.12:
Table 2.13:
Table 2.14:
Table 2.15:
Table 2.16:
Table 2.17:
Table 2.18:
Table 2.19:
Table 2.20:
Table 2.21:
Table 2.22:
Table 2.23:

OECD electricity production, imports, exports, apparent consumption, 2011 (TWh) ...................................................... III.24
OECD gross electricity production, by country, by source, 2011 (TWh) ......................................................................... III.25
OECD monthly net electricity supply, by country, 2011 (GWh) ...................................................................................... III.26
OECD gross electricity production from combustible fuels, by country, 2011 (TWh) ...................................................... III.33
OECD gross heat production from combustible fuels, by country, 2011 (PJ) ................................................................. III.34
Electricity production and consumption, OECD, 1973 - 2010 (TWh).............................................................................. III.35
Net maximum electricity generating capacity, OECD, by source, 1974 - 2010 (GW) ..................................................... III.36
Electricity generation and heat sold, OECD, 1974 - 2010 .............................................................................................. III.37
Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants, OECD, 1980 - 2010 .................................................. III.38
Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in CHP plants, OECD,1980 – 2010 ................................ III.39
Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants, OECD, 1980 – 2010 ...................................................... III.40
IEA electricity generating capacity, 1974 - 2010 (GW)................................................................................................... III.41
OECD electricity consumption, by country, 1960 - 2010 (TWh) ..................................................................................... III.43
Electricity consumption, OECD, by sector, 1973 - 2010 (TWh)...................................................................................... III.44
Electricity consumption, OECD, by industry, 1973 - 2010 (TWh) .................................................................................. III.44
OECD final consumption of heat, by country, 1980 - 2010 (Mtoe) ................................................................................. III.45
Final consumption of heat, OECD, by sector, 1980 - 2010 (per cent of total)................................................................. III.46
Share of final consumption, OECD, by source, by sector, 2010 (per cent of total) ......................................................... III.46
Final consumption, OECD, by source, by sector, average annual rate of growth (%), 1960 - 1973................................ III.47
Final consumption, OECD, by source, by sector, average annual rate of growth (%), 1973 - 2010................................ III.47
OECD total electricity imports, by country, 1960 - 2011 (GWh) ..................................................................................... III.48
OECD total electricity exports, by country, 1960 - 2011 (GWh) ..................................................................................... III.49
Electricity trade, 1960 - 2011 (GWh) ............................................................................................................................. III.50

Table 3.1:
Table 3.2:
Table 3.3:
Table 3.4:
Table 3.5:
Table 3.6:
Table 3.7:
Table 3.8:
Table 3.9:
Table 3.10:
Table 3.11:
Table 3.12:
Table 3.13:
Table 3.14:
Table 3.15:
Table 3.16:
Table 3.17:
Figure 3.1:
Figure 3.2:
Figure 3.3:
Figure 3.4:

OECD indices of real energy prices for end-users ......................................................................................................... III.51
United States of America indices of real energy prices for end-users ............................................................................ III.52
OECD Europe indices of real energy prices for end-users ............................................................................................ III.53
Japan indices of real energy prices for end-users ......................................................................................................... III.54
Electricity prices for industry in US dollars/kWh............................................................................................................. III.55
Electricity prices for industry in US dollars/toe ............................................................................................................... III.55
Electricity prices for households in US dollars/kWh ....................................................................................................... III.56
Electricity prices for households in US dollars/toe ......................................................................................................... III.56
Electricity prices for households in US dollars/kWh, converted with purchasing power parities ..................................... III.57
Purchasing power parities, national currency/US dollars ............................................................................................... III.57
Heavy fuel oil prices for electricity generation in US dollars/tonne ................................................................................. III.58
Heavy fuel oil prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe ..................................................................................... III.58
Steam coal prices for electricity generation in US dollars/tonne .................................................................................... III.59
Steam coal prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe ........................................................................................ III.59
Natural gas prices for electricity generation in US dollars/107 kcal, gross calorific value basis....................................... III.60
Natural gas prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe, net calorific value basis .................................................. III.60
US dollar exchange rates in national currencies ............................................................................................................ III.61
Indices of real energy end-use prices, OECD................................................................................................................ III.62
Indices of real energy end-use prices, Japan ................................................................................................................ III.62
Indices or real energy end-use prices, United States .................................................................................................... III.63
Indices of real energy end-use prices, OECD Europe ................................................................................................... III.63

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

3. Prices

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) - v

PART IV
DETAILED OECD ELECTRICITY AND HEAT DATA
Directory of Part III graphs and tables ........... IV.3
Iceland .............................................................................. IV.375
Ireland............................................................................... IV.389
Israel ................................................................................. IV.405
Italy ................................................................................... IV.419
Japan ................................................................................ IV.437
Korea ................................................................................ IV.453
Luxembourg ...................................................................... IV.469
Mexico .............................................................................. IV.487
Netherlands ...................................................................... IV.503
New Zealand..................................................................... IV.521
Norway ............................................................................. IV.537
Poland .............................................................................. IV.555
Portugal ............................................................................ IV.573
Slovak Republic ................................................................ IV.591
Slovenia ............................................................................ IV.609
Spain ................................................................................ IV.627
Sweden............................................................................. IV.645
Switzerland ....................................................................... IV.663
Turkey............................................................................... IV.681
United Kingdom ................................................................ IV.699
United States .................................................................... IV.717

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

OECD Total ...........................................................................IV.5
OECD Americas .................................................................. IV.23
OECD Asia Oceania ............................................................ IV.41
OECD Europe...................................................................... IV.57
IEA Total.............................................................................. IV.75
IEA Americas ....................................................................... IV.93
IEA Asia Oceania .............................................................. IV.111
IEA Europe ........................................................................ IV.127
Australia ............................................................................ IV.145
Austria ............................................................................... IV.161
Belgium ............................................................................. IV.179
Canada .............................................................................. IV.197
Chile .................................................................................. IV.215
Czech Republic ................................................................. IV.231
Denmark ............................................................................ IV.249
Estonia .............................................................................. IV.267
Finland .............................................................................. IV.285
France ............................................................................... IV.303
Germany............................................................................ IV.321
Greece .............................................................................. IV.339
Hungary ............................................................................. IV.357

vi - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition)

toe
Mtoe
kW
kWh
MW
MWh
GW
GWh
TW
TWh
kcal
KJ
GJ
TJ

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

tonne of oil equivalent (1 toe = 41.868 GJ = 107 kCal)
million tonnes of oil equivalent
kilowatt (103 watts)
kilowatt hour
Megawatt (electric) (106 watts)
Megawatt hour
Gigawatt (109 watts)
Gigawatt hour (1 GWh = 3.6 TJ)
Terawatt (1012 watts)
Terawatt hour (1 TWh = 3.6 PJ)
kilocalories (103 calories)
kilojoule (103 joules)
Gigajoule (109 joules)
Terajoule (1012 joules)

t
Mt
GCV
NCV
TFC
TPES

:
:
:
:
:
:

metric ton = tonne (1 t = 1000 kg)
million tonnes
Gross calorific value
Net calorific value
Total final consumption
Total primary energy supply

USD
..
e
c
x

:
:
:
:
:

U.S. dollars (unless otherwise specified)
not available
estimated or preliminary data
confidential data
not applicable

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Units and technical abbreviations

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 - I.1

PART I

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

INTRODUCTORY INFORMATION

© OECD/IEA, 2012

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 - I.3

1. INTRODUCTION

This monitoring and reporting of historical trends and
current energy market situation provides a strong
foundation for policy and market analysis to better
inform the policy decision process toward selecting
policy instruments that are best suited to meet domestic and/or international objectives.
IEA Electricity Information 2012 brings together in
one volume the basic statistics compiled by the IEA
on electricity and heat production. It also includes
information on installed capacity, consumption, trade
and prices.
This introduction is followed by important information that will assist the reader in correctly using the
data in this publication. In addition, calorific values
used for preparing national energy balances are
presented.
This information is structured as follows:
 Definitions
 Sources and notes
 Country notes
 Geographical coverage
 Conversion factors and calorific values
Part II of the publication provides a short overview of
world electricity developments in 2010, covering world
electricity and heat production, input fuel mix, supply
1. This publication is without prejudice to the status of or sovereignty
over any territory, to the delimitation of international frontiers and
boundaries and to the name of any territory, city or area. In addition,
the term “country” refers to a country or a territory, as the case may be.

and consumption, and electricity imports and exports.
A greater focus, with preliminary 2011 data, is given
to OECD countries with more detailed information
covering production, installed capacity, input energy
mix to electricity and heat production, consumption,
electricity trade, input fuel prices and end-user electricity prices.
This edition of Electricity Information will also acquaint the reader with the benefits of co-generation and
renewables as two solutions for a low-carbon energy
future, developed from a paper by Mr. Jayen Veerapen
and Ms. Milou Beerepoot.
Part III of the publication provides a corresponding
statistical overview of developments in the world and
OECD electricity and heat markets. Included is a synthesis of the 2011 monthly electricity statistics of
OECD countries from the Monthly Electricity Statistics report.
Part IV provides, in tabular form, a more detailed and
comprehensive picture of the power and heat industry
developments for 34 OECD Member countries.
OECD data are taken from IEA/OECD databases of
Energy Statistics that are based on annual submissions
from OECD Member countries to the Secretariat. The
Energy Data Centre of the IEA Secretariat works
closely with national administrations to secure consistency in time series and with IEA product definitions
and reporting conventions. The finalized data provide
the basis for IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD
Countries and Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.
Price data in Part IV are derived from IEA/OECD
Energy Prices and Taxes. Readers should consult this
publication for detailed information on data coverage
and sources.
The non-OECD data are based upon information
collected by the IEA Secretariat, national submissions
to the United Nations in Geneva and New York, and
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

IEA Electricity Information 2012 is the latest edition
of an annual publication1 intended to provide sound
market information on electricity and heat to policy
and market analysts and those employed in all sectors
of the electricity industry.

I.4 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1

national energy publications. The resulting synthesis is
published in Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries
and Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries. Users
of this publication are directed to the Methodology Section of those publications for more detail on individual
non-Member countries covered in the publication.
World electricity and heat production, supply and
consumption are available on a CD-ROM, which also
provides for each of the 34 OECD member countries
details on installed capacity, input energy mix to electricity and heat production and electricity trade. Information on ordering the CD-ROM and other energy
statistics publications is available at the end of this
book and on the IEA website at www.iea.org.
In addition, a data service is available on the internet.
It includes unlimited access through an annual subscription, as well obtaining data on a pay-per-view
basis. Details are available at http://data.iea.org.
Further information on reporting methodologies is
also available on the IEA Web site.
Annual energy data are collected by the Energy Data
Centre (EDC) of the IEA Secretariat, headed by
Mr. Jean-Yves Garnier. The IEA would like to thank
and acknowledge the dedication and professionalism
of the statisticians working on energy data in the

countries. Within the IEA, OECD electricity statistics
were the responsibility of Ms. Yasmina Abdelilah.
Mr. Robert Schnapp had overall responsibility for this
publication.
Also in the IEA Secretariat, thanks are due to the nonOECD Member countries section headed by Mr. Pierre
Boileau, to the OECD Balances section headed by
Ms. Karen Tréanton. For their contribution to Part II
of this publication, the IEA Secretariat also thanks
Mr. Jayen Veerapen of the Energy Technology Policy
Division and Ms. Milou Beerepoot from the Renewable
Energy Division.
Editorial and desktop publishing support from Ms. Sharon
Burghgraeve is also gratefully acknowledged.
Enquiries, comments and suggestions are welcome
and should be addressed to:
Robert Schnapp or Yasmina Abdelilah
Energy Data Centre
International Energy Agency
9, rue de la Fédération,
75739 Paris Cedex 15,
France
Tel:
Fax:
E-mail:

(33 1) 40 57 66 31 or 40 57 66 47
(33 1) 40 57 66 49
eleaq@iea.org

What’s New?
The IEA periodically holds an Energy Statistics Working Group meeting with its Member Countries. In the last
meeting, a request was made to collect and present the natural gas prices using a unit that is used internationally
for that product.
The IEA contacted the end-user data providers in the Member Countries to determine the best unit for this purpose. As a result of this survey, starting with the 2012 edition, the prices for natural gas are presented per
megawatt hour on a gross calorific value (GCV) basis instead of per 107 kilocalories GCV in Tables 3.1 – 3.17.
The IEA also decided to present the electricity prices per megawatt hour instead of per kilowatt hour as was
done previously.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

We hope that users of this publication will find these changes useful.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 - I.5

2. DEFINITIONS
Gross and net electricity production
Gross electricity production is measured at the terminals of all alternator sets in a station; it therefore includes the energy taken by station auxiliaries and
losses in transformers that are considered integral
parts of the station. Net electricity production is defined as gross production less own use of power
plants. Net electricity production is measured at the
station busbars, after deduction of electricity consumed within the station.
The difference between gross and net production is
generally observed to be about 7% for conventional
thermal stations, 1% for hydro stations and 6% for
nuclear.
Hydroelectric stations production (gross and net) includes production from pumped storage plants.
Electricity and heat data are organised by the type of
producer and the type of plant. These are defined as
follows:

Types of producers
Producers are classified according to the purpose of
production:
Main activity producers generate electricity and/or
heat for sale to third parties, as their primary activity.
They may be privately or publicly owned. Note that
the sale need not take place through the public grid.
Autoproducers generate electricity and/or heat,
wholly or partly for their own use as an activity which
supports their primary activity. Autoproducers heat
production includes only heat sold to third parties.
The input fuels should correspond to the quantity of
fuels used to produce the heat sold. The use of fuels

for heat which is not sold is recorded in the sectors in
which the fuel use occurs.

Types of plants
Electricity plants refer to plants which are designed
to produce electricity only.
Combined heat and power plants (CHP) refers to
plants which are designed to produce both heat and
electricity (sometimes referred to as co-generation
power stations). Where possible, fuel inputs and
electricity/heat outputs are reported on a unit basis
rather than on a plant basis.
Heat plants refers to plants designed to produce heat
only. Heat delivered from CHP or heat plants may be
used for process or space heating purposes in any sector of economic activity including the residential sector.
It should be noted that the reporting of data on fuel
use and electricity and heat production according to
plant type is normally conducted at the level of the
plant. It is assumed that if a plant comprises at least
one CHP unit then the entire plant is considered a
CHP plant.

Electricity import and export
Electricity is considered to be imported or exported
when it has crossed the national territorial boundaries
of the country. If electricity is “wheeled” or transited
through a country, the amount is shown as both an
import and an export.

Net maximum capacity
Net maximum capacity is defined as the sum of the
net maximum capacities of all stations taken individually at a given period of operation. It is the maximum
active power that can be supplied, continuously, with
all plants running, at the point of outlet to the network.
It is assumed that all equipment is in full working
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Electricity and heat

I.6 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1

order, that the power produced can be disposed of
without any restrictions and that optimum conditions
prevail as regards primary sources (i.e. flow and head
in the case of hydroelectric plants; grades and quantity
of fuel in hand and water supply, temperature and
purity, in the case of combustible fuel-fired plants and
assuming that the output and method of production in
CHP plants are those which contribute to maximum
electricity production). It represents the sum of all
individual plants’ maximum capacities available to
run continuously throughout a prolonged period of
operation in a day.

is often divided into two main categories, which are
themselves divided into two subcategories:

The capacity is net in the sense that it is the output
capacity measured at the station busbars, i.e. after deducting the power consumed by station auxiliaries and
losses in station transformers.

However, coal quality can vary and it is not always
possible to ensure that available descriptive and analytical information is truly representative of the body
of coal to which it refers.

Single-fired capacity refers to units equipped to burn
only one fuel type on a continuous basis. The conventional thermal fuel types are the following:

The International Coal Classification of the Economic
Commission for Europe (UN/ECE) recognises two
broad categories of coal:

-

Coal and coal products: including all types of coal,
blast furnace gas and coke oven gas.

-

Liquids: including crude oil and oil products, refinery gas, and other fossil liquid fuels.

i) Hard coal - Coal of gross calorific value not less
than 5 700 kcal/kg (23.9 GJ/t) on an ash-free but
moist basis and with a mean random reflectance of
vitrinite of at least 0.6.

-

Natural gas: natural gas and gas works gas.

-

Biofuels and waste: covers biomass and waste.

Heat
Data collected on heat include more disaggregated
data on inputs and outputs of combined heat and
power plants and on heat only plants. Data on heat
became available in different years for different countries and thus aggregated country data should be used
with caution.

Coal
Coal is a family name for a variety of solid organic
fuels and refers to a whole range of combustible
sedimentary rock materials spanning a continuous
quality scale. For convenience, this continuous series
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

 Anthracite
 Bituminous coal
- Coking coal
- Other bituminous coal
 Brown coal
 Sub-bituminous coal
 Lignite

ii) Brown coal - Non-agglomerating coal with a gross
calorific value less than 5 700 kcal/kg (23.9 GJ/t)
containing more than 31% volatile matter on a dry
mineral matter free basis.
The IEA has adopted this definition of hard coal and
brown coal in this book and in other publications.
It should be stressed that this classification system is
based on the inherent qualities of the coal in question
and not on the final use of the coal. In this way the
classification system attempts to be objective and
simple to apply.
In this context hard coal normally corresponds to anthracite and bituminous coal. However, for the countries listed below, hard coal also includes subbituminous coal - Australia, Belgium, Chile, Finland,
France, Iceland, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand,
Portugal and the United States.
Except for these 12 countries, brown coal is equivalent to sub-bituminous coal and lignite. In this publication coke oven coke, gas coke and patent fuel used
for electricity generation or heat production are included in hard coal, while coal tar and brown coal
briquettes (BKB) are included in brown coal.
In tables where data are presented in Mtoe in this
book and sourced to OECD/IEA Energy Balances, the
term “Coal” includes all primary coal types (including

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Multi-fired capacity refers to units that can burn
more than one fuel individually and/or a combination
of fuels on a continuous basis. A multi-fired unit can
have either one boiler which can use more than one
fuel, or two boilers each utilising a single fuel but
which feed the same generator either singly or together. The unit is capable of generating its net maximum capacity or a large proportion of its maximum
capacity using any one of the fuels.

 Hard coal

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 - I.7

hard coal and brown coal), peat and coal products
(including patent fuel, coke oven coke, gas coke,
BKB, coal tar, gas works gas, coke oven gas, blast
furnace gas, and oxygen steel furnace gas). In some
tables “Coal gases” are reported separately. In such
cases “Coal” does not include these gases.
Peat is defined as a combustible soft, porous or compressed fossil sedimentary deposit of plant origin with
high water content (up to 90% in the raw state), easily
cut and of light to dark brown colour.

This category refers to combustible fuels other than
coal, oil and natural gas that are used for electricity
and/or heat generation and covers biomass and
wastes. Specific products included are: solid biofuels
and original products, gases/liquids from biomass,
industrial waste and municipal waste.

Oil

Derived gaseous fuels are products resulting from the
transformation or manufacturing of hard coal, brown
coal or other primary solid fuels, sometimes with the
addition of other materials. Included in this category
are gas works gas (from 1990), coke oven gas, blast
furnace gas and oxygen steel furnace gas. To calculate
the net heat content of a coal gas, its gross heat
content is multiplied by the following factors:
Gross to net ratio

Gas works gas
Coke oven gas

0.9
0.9

Blast furnace gas
Oxygen steel furnace gas

1.0
1.0

In this publication, oil includes crude oil, refinery
feedstocks, natural gas liquids, hydrocarbons not of
crude oil origin and all oil products: LPG, refinery
gas, aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, jet fuel, kerosene, gas/diesel oil, residual (heavy) fuel oil, naphtha,
white spirit, lubricants, bitumen, paraffin waxes, petroleum coke and other oil products.

Natural gas
In this publication, natural gas excludes natural gas
liquids.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Coal gases

Product

Biofuels and waste

© OECD/IEA, 2012

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 - I.9

3. SOURCES AND NOTES
Energy data for OECD countries are submitted to the IEA
Secretariat in a common reporting format and methodology to allow for international comparisons to be made.
Energy data reported for 2011 (shown as 2011e) are
preliminary estimates based on submissions received
in early 2012 and on monthly submissions to the IEA
from member countries.
Statistics of non-OECD countries presented in this
publication are based on available data at the time of
publishing and may differ from the final non-OECD
data to be published in Energy Statistics of Non-OECD
Countries.
Additional information on methodologies and reporting conventions are included in the notes in Energy
Balances of OECD Countries 2012 Edition and
Energy Statistics of OECD Countries 2012 Edition.

Qualifiers
Data marked as ‘e’ are the estimates of the IEA secretariat. Data marked as ‘c’ means that data are confidential due to country specific regulations. Data marked
as ‘..’ means that data are not available (either not collected or not submitted by national government). Data
marked as ‘x’ means that the data point is not applicable,
there is no meaningful explanation of a value there (for
example, unit price is not shown if there was no trade).

Data sources
Historical data (1960-2010)
The annual historical data in Part II of this report are
taken from the IEA/OECD databases of Energy Statistics which are based on annual submissions from all
OECD member countries.

i) IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.
This database of annual statistics for OECD countries
covers generating capacity and electricity production
from main activity producer and autoproducer plants.
It includes information on electricity and heat production by fuel type and supply/demand balances for
electricity and heat from different types of power and
heat plants.
The main data from this system are published
annually in this IEA/OECD publication, Electricity
Information.

ii) IEA/OECD Coal Statistics
This database of annual statistics for OECD countries
covers all primary solid fuels, derived fuels and related manufactured gases. It contains detailed supply/
demand balances for each fuel, as well as information
on coal trade by origin and destination.
The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Coal Information.

iii) IEA/OECD Oil and Gas Statistics
This database of annual statistics for OECD countries
covers crude oil, NGL, refinery feedstocks and natural
gas, as well as derived petroleum products. It includes
detailed supply/demand balances, trade by origin and
destination and stock levels and changes.
The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publications Oil Information
and Natural Gas Information.

iv) IEA/OECD Renewables Statistics
This database of annual statistics for OECD countries
covers hydroelectricity, solid biofuels, geothermal,
renewable municipal waste, wind, gas from biofuels,
liquid biofuels, solar photovoltaics, solar thermal,
tide/wave/ocean, non-renewable municipal waste and
industrial waste. It includes electricity and heat
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

General notes

light fuel oil and automotive diesel. vi) IEA/OECD Energy Balances. Final 2011 data on electricity and heat will be submitted by OECD member countries to the Secretariat in Annual Questionnaires in late 2012. Latest year data: 2011 Data reported for 2011 in this publication are submitted to the Secretariat by member countries as preliminary data and are shown in this book as 2011e.I. The OECD National Accounts has rebased the GDP and GDP PPP series from 2000 USD to 2005 USD. Price data . staring with the 2012 edition. vii) IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes. To calculate the real price index. viii) OECD Main Economic Indicators OECD Main Economic Indicators is a monthly compilation of a range of indicators on recent economic developments for the 34 OECD member countries. Indices with the base year 2005=100 were computed for each price series from prices in national currencies and then aggregated over product groups. The prices and taxes are published quarterly in IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes. expressed in original units (e. and a supply/ demand balances of renewable and waste products. trade and consumption for each source of energy. Energy end-user prices. a representative series is created for each country. The representative motor gasoline price is a combination of the most consumed unleaded gasoline for recent time periods and leaded gasoline for earlier time periods. This annual database integrates data from the four IEA/OECD statistical database systems listed above to provide a summary of energy supply and demand for each OECD country. but not fuels used for electricity generation. the industry index includes representative heavy fuel oil. v) IEA/OECD Energy Statistics. The weights used were the physical quantities consumed. The household index includes representative gasoline and light fuel oil. net of rebates). Detailed country notes referring to historical data can be found in this publication. The overall energy balance data are expressed in a common energy unit of tonne of oil equivalent (toe) and presented in a standard matrix format. The balances are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Energy Balances of OECD Countries in which detailed country notes referring to historical data can be found.g.e. The main data from this data system are published annually in the IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries. final data for 2011 and preliminary 2012 data will be published in the 2013 edition of Electricity Information. end-use prices:   Include transport costs to the consumer. sectors and countries. Please refer to this publication for detailed notes regarding the selected indicators. As a result. For oil. Overall energy balances are constructed annually for all OECD countries from the basic energy statistics described above. using consumption quantities as the weights. The Paasche formula was used for index computation. the nominal prices were deflated with country-specific producer price indices (2005=100) for the industry sector and with country-specific consumer price indices (2005=100) for the household sector. The representative heavy fuel oil price is a combination of high sulphur fuel oil and low sulphur fuel oil. 2012 The main data from this system are published annually in the IEA/OECD publication Renewables Information. Indices of real energy end-use prices The methodology for calculating the real and nominal indices of real energy end-use prices is as follows: For products where more than one price is available. TJ. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Prices are published quarterly in IEA/OECD Energy Prices and Taxes. GWh). Are prices actually paid (i. as published in the OECD/IEA Energy Statistics of OECD countries. tonne.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 production from renewable sources. where complete notes on prices may be obtained. The regional aggregates were calculated as the weighted averages of country specific indices. those series and all associated ratios now refer to 2005 USD. taxes and price in national currencies General definitions: In general. It includes detailed statistics on production.10 . and © OECD/IEA. As a result.

a selection of a standard coal quality for international comparisons of end-use prices is not possible.386 This methodology facilitates comparisons within a country over time and ensures that the historical evolution (i. Slovenia (fixed rate as of 1 January 2007). They have been approximated as the ex-VAT prices for heavy fuel oil for industry and light fuel oil for households.95583 340.482 30. lignite or even coke. the European Commission initiated a weekly reporting system of end-use prices and taxes for the following products: Residual (Heavy) fuel oil RFO 1 (sulphur content <1 %). Prices are reported to the Commission as delivered prices and exclude rebates. 2012  . RFO 2 (sulphur content <2 %).94573 6. automotive diesel oil. All other energy product prices shown exclude taxes since the national average of local taxes remains unknown and price data are collected on an ex-tax basis.126 239. coal prices are available as average unit values (as average expenditure per metric ton of coal by industry.3399 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . Sources Most of the prices are submitted on a quarterly basis to the IEA Secretariat by Administrations. preEMU Euro are a notional unit and are not normally suitable to form area aggregates or to carry out crosscountry comparisons. This excludes value added tax (VAT) paid in many European countries by industry (including electric power stations) and commercial end-users for all goods and services (including energy).7603 40. others are taken from national publications or web sites. This also applies to automotive diesel for the EU countries. where prices shown may refer to bituminous steam coal. anthracite. These average unit values are the weighted average of all qualities and delivery sizes for which transactions have taken place. and households).27 40.64 166. They are particularly useful for price comparisons between the four major energy sources when converted to a common heat unit and for price comparisons between countries on the basis of a single monetary unit. Therefore. In Austria. Oil products By decision dated 26 January 1977. For some EU countries. and Euro super 95 and leaded premium gasoline (pump prices). respectively.20371 200. the United Kingdom and the United States. The irrevocable conversion rate on 1 January 1999 was used for all countries.6466 5. usually in the form of a tax credit. Although all energy products are subject to non-refundable taxes at least at the state and local level.4293 2.585274 15.e. In these cases VAT is refunded to the customer.75 0.787564 Country Italy Luxembourg Malta Netherlands Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Rate 1936. Given the great variety of coal qualities in domestic and international coal trade. and Estonia (fixed rate as of 1 January 2011). Malta and Cyprus (both fixed rate as of 1 January 2008). These two forms of energy are supplied under a multitude of INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. heating gas oil (delivery size of 2-5 kl per transaction). This is especially true for prices of coal used by households. the Slovak Republic (fixed rate as of 1 January 2009). The VAT percentages shown in the country notes refer to a pre-VAT price that includes all other taxes.11 Include taxes which have to be paid by the consumer as part of the transaction and which are not refundable.I. The major exception to the above rules is the United States due to a lack of information. Therefore. the concept of average unit value is also of particular importance.55957 1. prices refer to the most common qualities for each country and are not necessarily comparable between countries.3399 0. no special series are available on heavy fuel oil prices for electricity generation and on light fuel oil for industry. power plants. only gasoline and automotive diesel include total average taxes. except Greece (fixed rate as of 1 January 2001). growth rate) is preserved. Country Rate Austria Belgium Cyprus Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Ireland 13. However. Natural gas and electricity For studies on price behaviour and policies in the field of natural gas and electricity. it is not included in the prices and taxes columns in the tables. Conversion to euro Coal Prices and taxes prior to the date of entry into the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) have been converted from the former national currency using the appropriate irrevocable conversion rate.

dollars are heavily influenced by exchange rate differentials.g. when converted into different currencies at the PPP rates. - Refinery balances for crude oil. transformation and distribution costs. see http://www.and smallpurchase lots).I. © OECD/IEA. Gas. i. The information contained in this publication consists of: Oil - Production of crude oil and NGL for the major producers in the world. tonne. but also natural gas). and the pricing policies of central or local authorities. load factors and the diurnal pattern of use. particularly for countries which rely heavily on energy imports. In other words. Prices per heat equivalent of 1 metric ton of oil The prices expressed in these tables are in terms of the heat content of the fuel rather than price per physical unit (e.S. . accurate and detailed statistics on quarterly production.) Quarterly energy statistics Readers who are interested in recent quarterly data should consult the OECD/IEA publication Oil. supply and demand and trade of the major energy forms mainly in.S.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 However. the OECD area.S. 2012 contract or tariff conditions which link the prices to the quantity delivered. buys the same basket of goods and services in all countries. They have been calculated using the country specific calorific value (heat content). country differentials between national enduse prices expressed in U. which naturally include the national tax policies.org/std/ppp. These factors reflect the average net heat content of a given fuel in a given country. This book provides current. market structures (e. A given sum of money. PPP's are the rates of currency conversion which eliminate the differences in price levels between different countries. refinery feedstocks. Energy end-user prices in US dollars In general. but not limited to.g. when seeking a representative overall price of electricity and natural gas for broad sectors such as industry and households. Prices for the net calorific value would be approximately 11% higher. The Purchasing Power Parities used here were developed jointly by the Economics and Statistics Division of the OECD and the Statistical Office of the European Communities (EUROSTAT) to enable international price comparisons to be made for GDP and its components. (For more information on the methodology. dollars are an important parameter for the pricing of final energy consumption. However. NGL. The prices for natural gas refer to MWh using the gross calorific value of the gas. the continuity of the supply. world market prices of primary fuels in U. Most of the average unit values are only available on an annual basis. June and September each year. and total (including inputs of origin other than crude oil and NGL). The tables at the end of this section show the net calorific values for each country that are used to convert from physical to energy units. March. Please see section 6 Conversion Factors and Calorific Values for more explanation.12 . dollars correspond to the remaining pricing parameters. Coal and Electricity Quarterly Statistics which is published in January. mix of large.oecd. non-internationally tradable energy sources (mainly hydro-power. there have been wide fluctuations in exchange rates and there has been some concern regarding international price comparisons based on exchange rates which may not reflect the relative purchasing power in each currency. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Household energy prices in US dollars: purchasing power parities versus exchange rates In recent years. The contracts or tariffs may also include a fixed charge component. litre).e. An alternative method of comparison is provided by Purchasing Power Parities (PPP) which are the rates of currency conversion that equalise the purchasing power of different currencies. The difference between world market prices and national end-use prices in U. the average unit value is the most appropriate. It is obtained either from utilities as average revenue per unit delivered or from industry or households as average expenditure per unit purchased.

trade. Monthly electricity statistics Readers who are interested in timely monthly electricity production and trade data for OECD countries should consult the OECD/IEA on-line publication Monthly Electricity Statistics. 2012 - . which is published in the middle of every month on the IEA website. excluding Israel. nuclear.13 Complete product balances of production. Electricity net production. and - Trade data for main product groups.I. Natural gas - Balances of supply and consumption of OECD member countries. and - Imports from 28 origins and exports to 20 destinations. Electricity - - In this publication. refinery intake and output. It contains an online archive of the monthly data that goes back to the year 2000. The Monthly Electricity Statistics provides up-to-date information fully reconciled to the definitions used for the annual reporting. geothermal and INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. hydroelectricity. and Total imports. - Crude. (separately from combustible fuels. exports and electricity supplied. NGL and feedstock imports from 47 origins and exports to 24 destinations. imports from 44 origins and exports to 30 destinations. LPG and naphtha. data is provided for 33 of the 34 OECD countries and excludes data for Israel. other sources) in each of the OECD member countries. nuclear. and - Coking coal and steam coal imports and exports for major OECD countries. The information contained in the Monthly Electricity Statistics consists of: - Net electricity production. (combustible fuels. and - Imports. final consumption.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . - World steam coal and coking coal trade. Coal - World hard coal and brown coal production. and geothermal/wind/solar/ other). hydroelectricity. exports and (apparent) consumption in each of the OECD member countries. stock levels and changes. excluding Israel.

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

Inputs to main activity producer electricity plants include inputs to CHP plants prior to 1981. These notes refer to data from 1960 to 2010. Prior to 1981. the Australian Administration started to use a new survey methodology which caused shifts in the structure of industry consumption. Austria Breaks in the series from 1995 to 1996 and from 1998 to 1999 are due to different methods of survey. In 2002. there is no split available between main activity producer and autoproducer electricity plants for any country. The production of electricity from wind is available from 1994. electricity production from biogases is included with natural gas. Inputs of INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. data for Australia were revised back to 2005 due to the adoption of the National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting (NGER) data as the main energy consumption data source for the Australian Energy Statistics. Fuels used for generation by autoproducers are for single-fuel-fired units only. The Australian administration plans on revising the data in prior years as resources become available. autoproducer CHP heat production is included in main activity producer CHP plants. July 2009 to June 2010 for 2010). due to limited availability of data prior to that year. and only production from combustible fuel sources is taken into account. For the 2002 data. own use is included in distribution losses. most series show a more detailed breakdown from 1970. As a result. . Electricity plants data may include some CHP plants operating in electricity only mode. Capacity refers to net maximum capacity on 30 June.I. Data on inputs to and output from combined heat and power plants and from heat plants may have been estimated by the Secretariat. Prior to 2006. COUNTRY NOTES General notes applicable to all countries in 1992 and from solar thermal in 2003. the Australian Administration reclassified the types of plants between main activity producers and autoproducers. From 1990 to 2007. Prior to 1995. Data refer to fiscal year (e. Prior to 1981. Heat data are not available from 1992 onwards. all electricity production by CHP plants is included in electricity plants. electricity consumption in the mining and quarrying sector includes consumption in liquefaction/regasification plants. the breakdown of electricity consumption in industry and energy sub-sectors is not available and energy industry consumption is included in industry.g. Electricity production from solar PV starts The direct use of solar energy (mostly domestic solar panels) is available from 1974. The Australian Administration is planning to revise the historical series. electricity consumption in the wood and wood products sector is included together with paper. For heat.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . As a general rule.15 4. pulp and printing. Inputs to and outputs from autoproducer CHP plants are not available prior to 1986. The use of fuel in multi-fired units operated by autoproducers is included in industry consumption. Prior to 1974. Prior to 1971 electricity consumption in the commercial and public services sector is included in industry. Electricity consumption in coke ovens has been estimated by the Australian Administration from 1974 to 1999. there are breaks in the time series for many data between 2004 and 2005. Australia In the 2012 edition. 2012 Prior to 1974.

and data on heat from renewable sources) which may not be collected by the FEP. From 1991. the “Institut de Conseil et d’Études en Développement Durable” (ICEDD). Belgium The federal authorities changed their method of collecting data: instead of receiving data from the “Fédération des Producteurs d’Électricité” (FEP). . 2012 other oil products to autoproducer CHP plants were reclassified as refinery gas and natural gas in 2009. Heat production includes heat produced by nuclear power stations for distribution to other consumers. Breaks in the series occur between 1973 and 1974 in agriculture. a new source has been used for electricity production from solar. pumped hydro capacity was revised to include only the capacity relating to pure-part of the mixed-storage pumping plant. the heat production from these plants was used for internal industrial processes and not sold to third parties until 2005. Breaks in the series may exist between 2007 and 2008 due to revisions of the NACE classifications. Heat output from CHP plants is not available prior to 1973. and between 1987 and 1988 in the industry sector. This may cause breaks in the time series between 1989 and 1990. through its co-ordinating role with respect to the regional authorities. Exports of electricity to non-specified/others are to Liechtenstein. In 2000. Prior to 1982. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. consumption in electricity supply. electricity production in main activity producer CHP plants is included in production from electricity plants. electric busses.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Electricity consumption in non-specified transport represents tramways. This new source covers production from solar and wind only from plants with capacity higher than 500 kW. Inputs of fuels to heat plants are not available for 1979 to 1987. The breakdown of capacity by type of generation and fuel for autoproducer plants is not available from 1988 to 1992. The production of electricity from wind is available from 1987. district heating and water supply companies.16 . most autoproducer electricity plants were reclassified as autoproducer CHP plants. Also prior to 1991. wind. incompatibility of data for inputs to and output from thermal production of autoproducers may result in variable efficiency rates. electricity production at main activity producer CHP plants with annual heat output below 0. Revisions to the historical time series are planned by the Austrian administration. Prior to 1991.I. For autoproducers generating electricity with process steam produced from biofuels and waste. However. For 1998 and 1999. Electricity consumption in oil refineries includes consumption in gas works prior to 1991. There is no heat consumption from 2007 in the iron and steel industry because the installation concerned became an autoproducer in July 2006 and the heat is no longer sold. ski-lifts and cable cars. Secretariat estimates have been made for certain inputs to CHP production based on output. offices in the tertiary sector and electricity use in electricity supply. Also. the energy required to produce the initial steam is not taken into account by the Canadian Administration and as a result the efficiencies are overstated. inputs of fuels for electricity generation in main activity producer electricity plants include inputs for heat production in CHP plants. Consumption of electricity in coal mines is © OECD/IEA. Starting in 2009. the operators in the relevant sectors are surveyed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs using a survey based on that of the IEA. Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1990 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. consumption in commercial and public services includes small industries. district heating and water supply companies is included in other energy sector. electricity consumption in the iron and steel industry includes consumption in coke ovens and blast furnaces. small amounts of electricity used in heat pumps have been included in the residential sector. provides complementary information (such as small off-grid power stations. Canada The breakdown of electricity and heat generation between natural gas and oil products in main activity producer CHP plants has been estimated by the Canadian Administration starting in 1990.5 TJ is reported with main activity producer electricity only plants. From 1990 – 2009. In the 2012 edition. and tide. Moreover. Only gross maximum electrical capacity is available. Heat from chemical processes used for electricity production is available from 2005. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Prior to 1982.

Heat produced from heat pumps is reported from 2007. In addition. sold and merged. and the corresponding fuel inputs. This may lead to breaks in the series between 1989 and 1990. Electricity generated from waste heat in CHP plants is included with the total production from combustible fuels. Other sources for heat production refer to recovered waste heat from the glass industry. Chile Electricity production from other bituminous coal includes sub-bituminous coal. inputs are included in industry. In general. the Canadian Administration revised heat consumption data.17 Only gross maximum electrical capacity is available. the peak load data reported in main activity producers include the autoproducers value. Prior to 2009. In the 2010 edition. Installed capacity by type of technology is not available. statistical differences are included in distribution losses. Detailed data on autoproducer electricity production by sector is available from 2009. The direct use of solar energy is available from 2004.I. but the electricity inputs are not available. From 1990. Increases in electricity from natural gas in 2010 are due to the openings of new LNG terminals. Starting in 2000. Industrial waste use in main activity producer electricity plants is included with solid biofuels from 1996. Data on heat production. The breakdown of net electricity production by source is not available prior to 1990. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. The new reporting methodology used by the Czech Administration for biofuels and wastes causes some breaks in the time series between 2002 and 2003. Czech Republic Data are available from 1971. From 20042007. Heat produced from boilers is reported from 2010. Geothermal and solar heat production for sale is available from INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Heat data are not available prior to 1976. Data from 1990 onwards have been officially submitted by the Czech Administration. 2012 not available between 1982 and 1986. From 1999 onwards. small amounts of heat have been exported to Slovak Republic. Imports of electricity to non-specified/others are from Argentina. a new methodology has been applied for data since 1990. Electricity statistics from 1971 to 1989 have been estimated by the Secretariat. Consumption of electricity in oil and gas extraction is not available prior to 1987. Data for peak load is available from 1999. leading to other breaks in the time series between 1989 and 1990. . the split includes estimations by the secretariat. Data on biogases and waste used in main activity producer CHP and autoproducer heat plants start in 1993. Prior to 1990. The split of electricity generation by main activity and autoproducer and by fuel was estimated by the Chilean Administration for 1990 to 2003. have been estimated from 1980 to 1989 based on consumption in the residential and commercial/public services sectors. A small amount from waste heat is also included. From 2000 to 2002. revisions to production are pending. Prior to 1981. This causes breaks in the time series of all types of plants. causing statistical differences. consumption in paper and pulp includes forestry and consumption in agriculture is included in non-specified industry. electricity production in main activity producer and autoproducer CHP plants is included in main activity producer electricity plants. heat production prior to 1990 is reported under main activity heat plants because the breakdown by producer and plant type is not available before then. In 1999 and 2000 various big enterprises were divided. Denmark The production of electricity from wind is available from 1978. The majority of electricity generation from other sources is from a conveyor belt transporting crushed rock from high altitude to lower altitude in a mine.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . The breakdown of generating capacity is not available prior to 1990. Prior to that. data on capacity were estimated by the Secretariat based on Statistics Canada’s “Electric Power Generating Stations” publication. Heat production prior to 1990 excludes heat sold by industry. except for final consumption and trade which were submitted by the Czech Administration. but the electricity inputs are smaller than 1 GWh.

However. there are further classification issues for inputs of and outputs of electricity from oil. © OECD/IEA. small amounts of heat have been imported from Germany.I. corresponding inputs may be under-reported. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. capacity reported in autoproducers steam generation includes all types of generation. Prior to that. Data reported under lignite are for oil shale.18 . Data for heat produced from fossil fuels in heat only plants are not available. less efficient plant. The increasing heat production from heat pumps in 2007 and 2008 is from the new Katri Vala district heating and cooling plant. Prior to 2000. Due to a new survey. . The breakdown of net electricity production by autoproducers is not available before 1999. Consumption of electricity in the industry sub-sector machinery includes consumption in transport equipment prior to 1995. it is not possible to separate out the amount of heat not sold in autoproducer plants. The French Administration is working to reconcile their data collection methods for the inputs and the outputs for electricity generation. autoproducer CHP efficiencies for other biogases drop due to the opening of a larger. From 1990 – 1999 some electricity and heat production are reported under other oil products while the inputs are reported under the individual fuels. Finland A new survey system and a reclassification of the data led to breaks in the time series between 1999 and 2000. no double counting occurs since the corresponding inputs have not been included in final consumption. Revisions to classify the electricity and heat production by oil product are pending. Plants using municipal waste were reclassified as autoproducer CHP plants from 1995. 2012 1989. Net electricity production by autoproducer CHP plants is available from 1989. But. Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1983 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. Inputs of liquid fuels and natural gas to CHP plants are included with the inputs of these fuels to main activity producer electricity only and heat only plants prior to 1978. Inputs of residual fuel oil and gas works gas to the transformation sector include shale oil. Prior to 1981 for main activity producers. so these amounts are included. Electricity production from wind is available from 1993. Electricity and heat production from biogases are available from 1996. Heat production from autoproducer CHP plants is available starting in 1996 and from autoproducer heat INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY plants starting in 2000. Other sources includes hydrogen and purchased steam.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 From 1984 onwards. Net maximum electrical capacity data are not available prior to 1974. Heat produced for sale in heat pumps starts in 1994. Heat from chemical processes and associated electricity generation are available from 2004. Consumption of heat in residential includes consumption in commercial and public services and agriculture. The amount of heat reported under other sources is heat recovered from industrial processes and sold for district heating. In 2005. France A new survey and a reclassification between main activity producer electricity plants and autoproducer electricity plants may cause breaks in the series for other bituminous coal between 1998 and 1999.2008. Electricity consumption in non-specified energy industry includes consumption in district heating plants and use for the distribution of electricity. From 2000 . to 1994 for autoproducers. The direct use of solar thermal energy is available from 1978. Consumption of electricity in nonspecified transport corresponds to use for urban transport systems. Estonia Data for Estonia are available starting in 1990. which leads to a break in the time series. The decrease in electricity production in 2005 is mainly due to lower generation from coal and peat which was offset by increased electricity imports from Sweden. Electricity production from biofuels and waste is not available between 1974 and 1976. they are included in Former Soviet Union in Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries. for the 2007 edition the French Administration revised the heat data back to 2000 and included heat produced from fossil fuels in CHP plants.

small amounts of heat have been exported to Denmark. 2012 There are major breaks in the time series in 1965 when more detailed breakdown of data on electricity consumption became available.e. Total energy industry includes the statistical differences from 1992. The non-allocated part is reported as “heat production from non-specified combustible fuels”. more information on district heat has become available. have been estimated by the Secretariat based on Energiebilanz der Bundesrepublic für das Jahr 1990 provided by the German Institute for Economic Research. Electricity production from other sources is available starting in 2009. but only the former Federal Republic of Germany from 1960 to 1969. Consumption of electricity in nonspecified includes exports to Monaco prior to 1992. Starting in the 2010 edition.I. For 2002 and 2003. Heat production and consumption prior to 1970. From 1999 -2008. solar and wind in autoproducer electricity plants are confidential or non-available and. data collection concerning heat produced in heat plants and district heating plants became more efficient and more complete. In some instances. for self-use) and. Consumption of electricity in the nuclear industry is not available prior to 1980. From 1995. not reported. These conversions are calculations which are highly dependent on specific hypotheses and do not necessarily reflect economic realities. many main activity CHP plants that burn biofuels and waste were reclassified as electricity only which results in breaks in the time series between 2006 and 2007. where only deep geothermal energy is reported. Consumption of electricity in oil refineries is included in oil and gas extraction from 1988 to 2000. electricity trade data includes only trade of the Former Federal Republic of Germany. This leads to breaks in the time series between 2002 and 2003 and between 2003 and 2004. In 2007. Prior to 1981 and after 1998. This refers to the production of electricity from turbines which are located at pressure drops in fluid transport and from purchased waste heat. all heat production from BKB/peat briquettes is included in main activity CHP plants. Also. the German Administration did not submit the breakdown of electricity and heat production from combustible fuels. Electricity production in electricity plants includes production from CHP plants prior to 2003.19 A large part of energy industry electricity consumption in non-specified is consumption in uranium treatment plants. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . electricity generation from nuclear. therefore. The data were estimated by the Secretariat as follows: renewables and waste were taken from the Renewables and Waste questionnaire and the other combustible fuels were estimated pro rata based on 2001 estimates. Germany Data for Germany include the new federal German states from 1970. The industry classifications used by the French Administration were changed in 1986. Due to the implementation of the Energy Statistics Act. The German Federal Statistics Office reclassified some industrial branches which may cause a break in the time series in the industry subsectors of industry between 1994 and 1995. The same applies to biogases from 1999. Inputs for this heat production are no longer reported in the transformation sector. which leads to a break in the time series with 1994. The German Administration started reporting near the surface geothermal energy in 1995. the German Administration changed their methodology for reporting heat. Starting in 1984. A new survey for the renewable products can cause breaks in the time series between 1998 and 1999. therefore. data have been reported in nonspecified other sectors. Between 1971 and 1980 electricity consumption in coal mines includes consumption in coke ovens and BKB plants. due to a change in the economic activity classification. hydroelectric. GDP figures prior to 1991 are based on conversions made by the German Institute for Economic Research (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung) and the former Statistical Office of the GDR (Statistisches Amt der DDR). The breakdown of heat consumption is not available for 2003 to 2006. Prior to 1993. this electricity consumption is not available prior to 1980. Data on electricity production from wind and solar are available from 1986 and 1990. This causes breaks in the time series between 2006 and 2007. data on electrical capacity by type of generation and fuel are not available. The data for that period were estimated as follows: the transformation and distribution INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. respectively. From 2007 onwards all heat production in autoproducers is considered as non-sold (i. Prior to 1991. included in main activity producer electricity plants. small amounts of electricity generation that are not accounted for in the data submission have been attributed to various combustible fuels. Detailed data by fuel are not available for total heat production.

Ireland Electricity production from wind begins in 1992 and from landfill gas in 1996. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Iceland Electricity production from geothermal sources in main activity producer CHP plants is available from 1992.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Prior to 1974. 60 MW of generating capacity was installed in the geothermal CHP plant at Nesjavellir. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. Inputs of peat in kilo tonnes (kt) for electricity production have been estimated by the Secretariat prior to 1992 based on data submitted in terajoules (TJ) by the Irish Administration. Direct use of geothermal heat is available from 1990. In 2008 a new plant using refinery gas started operating in an experimental phase. . Greece No production of solar heat is reported. all heat for space heating was reported in residential. From 1991.I. Hungary Data are available from 1965. Fuels used by autoproducers have been estimated by the Irish Administration for 1991 and 1992. Energy industry consumption of electricity refers mainly to the use of electricity by the geothermal industry to pump hot water from underground sources. The revision of heat production data to conform to IEA reporting methodologies may result in a mismatch of fuel inputs with electricity and heat outputs by plant type. CHP. The electricity and heat statistics were revised by the Hungarian Administration in early 2000. The increase of electricity consumption in the construction sector from 2003 to 2007 is due to the drilling of tunnels for the Kárahnjúkar power plant. Electricity consumption in iron and steel and in the non-ferrous metals industry prior to 1971 has been estimated by the Secretariat. electricity output from sub-bituminous coal is included with lignite.20 . In 2002. data on inputs and outputs in CHP plants and in main activity producer heat plants (district heat plants) and for non-energy use are separately specified. From 2008 a portion is estimated by the Iceland Administration to be consumed in commercial and public services. The increase in hydro and geothermal electricity production from 2007 is due to expansion of the aluminium industry. Nuclear electricity production in main activity producer electricity plants is available from 1983. However. Electricity generating capacity before 1991 is for the Former Federal Republic. the increase of heat produced by geothermal was due to the installation of a third unit at the Nesjavellir CHP power plant. the heat produced by autoproducers was included in nonspecified industry. Autoproducer electricity. Electricity and heat production from solid biofuels in autoproducer CHP plants is available from 1995. Inputs of hard coal in autoproducer CHP © OECD/IEA. causing high efficiencies. In 1998. Prior to 1981. and heat plants using coke oven gas and blast furnace gas were reclassified as main activity power plants in 1998. Since the plant was inoperable for four months. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. Direct use of solar thermal heat is available from 2001. production of geothermal heat decreased compared to 1997. The Hungarian Administration reclassified some of their plants in 1996 and 2000 which may lead to breaks in the time series. After 1970. Prior to 1970. Heat production from municipal waste is available from 1993. Residential sector includes agriculture prior to 1983. For this reason the efficiency is low. total final consumption includes inputs to and outputs from heat production and non-energy use. Geothermal heat production in main activity producer heat plants is also available from 1995. The consumption of electricity reported in non-specified other sectors corresponds to a NATO base at Keflavik airport which closed in 2005. Prior to 2008. the extra electricity capacity caused electricity production from geothermal to almost double over the same period. 2012 losses were estimated based on previous years. Prior to 2000. Production or consumption of distributed heat (heat sold) that is produced from lignite is available from 1997. it includes electricity used for the transport by pipeline of hot water from Nesjavellir to Reykjavik. There is a break in the series between 1991 and 1992 for electricity consumption in transport. The industrial classifications used by the Icelandic Administration changed in 1987. and the remaining consumption included in non-specified other.

Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1982 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. sub-bituminous coal used in main activity electricity plants was included under other bituminous coal. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available for main activity producers. The decrease of electricity consumption in the iron and steel industry from 2001 onwards is due to the fact that the main steel plant in Ireland ceased production. With the introduction of a new survey in 2008. Other energy industry includes electricity consumption for blast furnaces.21 Prior to 1990. . Direct use of geothermal heat and solar thermal heat is available from 1989 and 1990. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. not all outputs are reported for industrial waste used in autoproducer CHP plants. electricity consumption in agriculture is included with residential. published in 2011 by IEA-PVPS. Autoproducer PV capacity is derived from data from the Japanese Administration as well as the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme (IEA-PVPS) report. Israel Electricity production from wind begins in 2001.I. net electricity production by autoproducers includes production from combustible fuel sources only. the total of the different fuels involved is reported as non-specified renewables. Net electricity production by autoproducers in the transport sector is included in nonspecified prior to 1982. The breakdown of renewables and waste inputs into electricity. “Trends in Photovoltaic Applications” published in 2011. Prior to 2009. and prior to 1989 consumption of electricity used for uranium extraction. electricity production from orimulsion is confidential and is included with residual fuel oil. Prior to 1981. However. For 2009. The IEA Secretariat estimated the photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation from autoproducers starting in 1992 based on an average capacity factor of 12% and capacity data for autoproducers. Prior to that year. Prior to 2004. The production of electricity from wind began in 1993. respectively. Electricity consumption in the iron and steel industry includes consumption in the non-ferrous metals industry prior to 1990. 2012 plants have been estimated by the Secretariat from 1984 to 1989. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . Data for oil shale are included with lignite. Consumption of electricity in transport includes electricity used for pumping in oil pipelines from 1981. Italy From 2000 onwards. Heat production is reported starting in 2004 and includes self-generation in industry. heat and CHP plants is available from 1989 only. Capacity reported under other sources corresponds to cross-border transmission capacity with Northern Ireland. for the 2000 to 2002 period. Prior to 1984. Japan Data for the entire time series refer to fiscal year. The increase in 2004 is due to the new light rail transit system in Dublin. the Italian Administration defines electricity and heat production from autoproducers as including generation from producers that consume more than 70% of their own electricity production. From 1989. Electricity used for urban transport is included in nonspecified transport. From 2000 it also includes consumption for the distribution of gas. all electricity production from autoproducers is reported with main activity producers. solar photovoltaic electricity generation is estimated. The corresponding electricity consumption has been included with nonspecified other consumption. Fuels used and corresponding electricity and heat produced in CHP plants are not included in the data series. Inputs of biofuels and waste for electricity production and related outputs are available from 1982. The capacity factor was based on the report “National survey report of PV Power Applications in Japan 2009”. Prior to 1981. The breakdown of heat consumption by sector has been estimated by the Italian Administration. Net electricity production by autoproducers in the energy industry is not available prior to 1982. The production of electricity reported in the category other fuel sources refers to produced from turbines which are located at pressure drops in fluid transport. Data on the breakdown of hydroelectric plants are available from 2008. amounts of naphtha and other kerosene that were previously included in other oil products have been reported separately in autoproducer CHP plants.

Starting in 1998. Electricity production from biogases are available from 1999. Data from 1994 onwards have been submitted by the Korean Administration. Most of the hydro production shown for Luxembourg is from the Vianden pumped storage plant and is exported directly to Germany. This leads to breaks in the series between 1993 and 1994. The increase in electricity production in 2002 was due to a new natural gas combined cycle power plant. Electricity generation reported under other sources is from fuel cells. heat production from biogases in autoproducer CHP plants was removed from 2000 – 2009 because it was discovered the heat was not sold. Fuels used to produce heat for sale in heat plants are not available prior to 1977. Prior to 2007.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Fuels used and heat produced for sale by autoproducers from heat plants are not available. In the 2011 edition. Between 1972 and 1976. Before 1994. the Korean Administration started to report electricity and heat production by autoproducers using natural gas and petroleum products which were not reported before. Electricity from natural gas for autoproducer CHP plants are available starting in 1995 and for main activity CHP plants starting in 1996. respectively. In 2002. KEPCO. Heat production from geothermal and solar thermal sources in Japan is not reported by the Japanese Administration. Electricity statistics from 1971 to 1993 are estimated by the Secretariat based on the Korean National Statistics. Consumption of electricity in non-specified industry includes wood and wood products and construction prior to 1982.I. the use of combustible fuels in main activity producer heat plants is included in non-specified. production and consumption of electricity and heat in oil refineries and LNG liquefaction/ regasification plants are included in the industry sector. Korea Data are available from 1971. the breakdown of heat output by type of fuel has been estimated by the Secretariat. The breakdown of generating capacity by fuel is not available prior to 1994. Heat from chemical processes that is sold is INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY available from 2008. Data for electricity consumption in the transport equipment sector are available from 1994 and are included in the machinery sector until 2000. Electricity production using heat from chemical processes in copper and zinc plants is available from 2005.22 . Prior to 2009. 2012 Prior to 1998. Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1990 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. Heat produced for sale in main activity producer heat plants from waste heat and from electric boilers is available from 1977 and 1983. the electricity produced using TRT technology (Top pressure Recovery Turbines) was included with electricity generated from solid biofuels. The iron and steel industry stopped production of electricity at the end of 1997. Prior to 1974. Heat produced for sale in main activity heat plants is not available prior to 1972. autoproducer heat production includes amounts of unsold heat. Prior to 2008. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available for main activity producer plants. Heat data are available from 1993. the electricity production by autoproducers by fuel was estimated by the Secretariat based on fuel inputs submitted by the Luxembourg Administration. Heat production from biogases is available from 2010. Heat consumption by subsector was reclassified in 2010 due to new information available on heat sales from autoproducers to end-users by sector. it is included with electricity generated from coal gases. data on electrical capacity by type of fuel are not available for autoproducer plants. Luxembourg Data on the inputs of natural gas and gas/diesel oil for electricity and heat production are confidential starting in 2010. Heat consumption by sector is available from 2000. electricity production from main activity producer CHP plants is included with main activity producer electricity only plants. sales of electricity by Korea’s main electricity distributor. © OECD/IEA. the corresponding heat inputs are estimated. For 1993 to 1999. . Prior to 1981. The breakdown by sector of heat production in autoproducers is estimated by the Korean Administration based on consumption data of purchasing companies. Electricity generation capacity for nuclear power increased in 1997 due to the commissioning of two nuclear plants. For 1989. Electricity consumption in urban transport systems is included with rail. to the non-ferrous metals sector are included in iron and steel consumption.

electrical capacity by combustible fuels declined. Heat production in commercial and public services includes production in agriculture. gas/diesel oil inputs to autoproducer electricity plants were only of diesel.g. . Net maximum electrical capacity for autoproducers is not available prior to 1974. Increasing electricity consumption in agriculture is due to the expansion of the greenhouse farming sector. Electricity production from and inputs to main activity producer CHP plants are included with main activity producer electricity plants prior to 1982. Electricity consumption in commercial and public services includes small users in other sectors. they were estimated by the national administration. Heat produced from combustible renewables is available from 1990. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available for autoproducers. Prior to 1981 for main activity producer plants and 1982 for autoproducers. the chemical industry. a few small autoproducer electricity plants using solid biofuels were included with main activity plants for reasons of confidentiality. the Dutch Administration implemented a reporting methodology which causes some breaks in the time series between 2004 and 2005. electricity output from autoproducer CHP plants has been included with main activity producer CHP plants. Some electricity consumption in the energy industry is included in the industry sub-sector where it was generated (e. Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1988 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. Prior to 1996. Electricity output from biofuels and waste is available from 1998.23 The breakdown of electricity consumption in industry is not available from 1990 – 1999. Electricity production from wind and solar photovoltaic is available from 1990. Heat production by fuel in heat plants prior to 1987 are estimated by the Secretariat based on fuel inputs submitted by the Dutch Administration. Heat production from main activity producer CHP plants and heat plants is available from 1982. Therefore. as well as in nonspecified industry). Production and generating capacity of main activity producer electricity plants from wind is available from 1994. data for electricity transmission and distribution losses were obtained from the network operator. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. New autoproducer electricity plants fuelled with coal gases were put on line in 1999. For 1970 to 1973. Net electricity production by autoproducers in the energy industry is not available prior to 1993. electricity consumption in agriculture is included in commercial and public services. Prior to 1979. Prior to 2008. 2012 Starting in 2005. the iron and steel industry stopped generating electricity at the end of 1997. Mexico Electricity statistics are available from 1971. The industry classifications used by the Administration of New Zealand were INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . autoproducer data was revised to be consistent with the data presented by the national Energy Regulatory Commission (Comisión Reguladora de Energía). In the 2011 edition. The breakdown of net electricity production by autoproducers is available from 1993. Electricity consumption in non-specified transport corresponds to consumption for road traffic. trade data are based on contracted quantities instead of physical flows. Netherlands Electricity from other sources includes generation from chemical waste gases and heat bought from other industries. The decrease in electricity produced from nuclear in 1997 is due to the closure for five months of one nuclear power plant. Prior to 1995. The breakdown of generating capacity for main activity producer electricity plants by combustible fuels is not available prior to 1982.I. For the 2007 edition. Prior to 2005. New Zealand There are several breaks in the series between 1987 and 1988 due to a reorganisation of government departments during 1987. Due to the lack of blast furnace gas. Electricity production from solar photovoltaic is available from 1992. Data on direct use of solar thermal are available from 1988. Inputs of hard coal for electricity production from 1981 to 1989 in terajoules (TJ) are estimated by the Secretariat based on data submitted in kilotonnes (kt) by the Dutch Administration. Until 2003. The strong increase in electricity trade in 1999 is caused by the liberalization of the Dutch electricity market.

Heat produced in autoproducer heat plants from chemical processes and from other sources and used for electricity production was estimated by the Secretariat for the period 1990 to 2006. In the 2011 edition. Heat from chemical processes used for electricity production is available from 2004 and corresponds to acid plants in the fertiliser industry where sulphur is the main input.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Prior to 1990. There are breaks in the time series between 1996 and 1997 for electricity consumption due to a new NZ Standard Industrial Classification (NZSIC). This causes breaks in the time series between 1992 and 1993. electricity and heat data were revised back to 1990. Electricity production from wind is available from 1992. paper and printing is included in wood and wood products prior to 1991. the Polish Administration adopted new methods to estimate the production of heat sold in autoproducer heat plants (1993) and in autoproducer CHP plants (1995). Data on inputs and outputs in heat plants are not available prior to 1983 for main activity heat plants and prior to 1988 for autoproducer heat plants. Norway No data on electricity production from solar energy are submitted to the IEA by the Norwegian Administration. © OECD/IEA. . reclassified in 1994 and collected by a new reporting system in 1997. Electricity production by autoproducers from natural gas and from oil has been estimated by the Secretariat from 1970 to 1973. From 1990 data refer to calendar year. Prior to 1991. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY The increase in gas-fired generating capacity and the associated production of electricity in 2007 is due to the opening of a new plant at Kårstø in late 2007. Electricity trade with the Netherlands begins in 2008 with the operation of a cross-sea cable interconnection between the two countries. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. In order to alleviate this. data refer to fiscal year (April 1989 to March 1990 for 1989). a reclassification of autoproducer plants causes some breaks in the time series. Generating capacity for autoproducers is available from 1994. Consumption of electricity for pipeline transport is included in oil and gas extraction. As a result. Net maximum electrical capacity of pumped storage plants is not available from 1970 to 1972. Own use of electricity in 2008 is based on preliminary monthly statistics as opposed to final annual data for previous years. a number of CHP plants were reclassified from autoproducer to main activity producer due to an industry re-organisation. In 1999. For 2002 and 2003. Data for direct use of geothermal heat become available in 2000 and direct use of solar thermal heat in 2002. there are breaks in the series between 1989 and 1990. heat consumption in the energy industry includes process heat not sold. Prior to 1981. 2012 changed in 1991. Poland Electricity production in autoproducer electricity plants is available from 1986. Electricity consumption in pulp. Heat production is not available prior to 1983. Gross heat production from autoproducer CHP plants includes the unsold heat for own use between 1988 – 1995. In 2008. From 1974 to 1993 distribution losses include the statistical differences. natural gas autoproducer electricity includes generation of electricity from on-site heat/steam recovery during the combustion of carbon monoxide (CO) gas from the iron making reduction and melting process. Breaks in the time series between 1996 and 1997 and between 2001 and 2002 are due to a reclassification of main activity producers and autoproducers. Heat production from biogases is available from 1995. Distribution losses may include statistical differences.I. Heat production from heat pumps and electric boilers (and the electricity used for this production) are available from 1989.24 . Electricity production by autoproducers from geothermal is available from 1990. and between 1994 and 1995 for heat production and fuel inputs in these plants and for heat consumption in industry sub-sectors. Prior to 1995. The breakdown of heat consumption by industry subsector was expanded in 1992. The electricity generated from other sources represents electricity from waste heat. net electricity production by autoproducers by industry sub-sector was estimated by the Secretariat based on data submitted by the Norwegian Administration.

electricity generation from primary solid biofuels. The large increase in electricity output from main activity producer electricity plants fuelled by natural gas in 1997 is due to the opening of a new plant. Slovenia Data for Slovenia are available starting in 1990. while the electricity produced in these plants is included. Spain Prior to 1983. Prior to 2003 the data was estimated by the Slovenian national administration. net electricity production by autoproducers has been estimated by the Spanish Administration. causing some breaks in the time series between 1999 and 2000. whereas previously it was only producing electricity. A new energy data collection system was implemented in January 2001.e. Surveys for data on heat consumption are available from 2003 onward for the residential. The breakdown of installed capacity by type of generation/fuel is available from 2001. From 1983. heat produced from biofuels and waste (mainly black liquor) in autoproducer CHP plants is not accounted for since it is not sold. Production by autoproducer CHP is included with autoproducer electricity for petroleum products prior to 1990. The IEA Secretariat estimated the photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation in 2010 by the reported PV capacity by a capacity factor of 9. Slovak Republic Data are available from 1971. Prior to 1987 electricity production in main activity producer CHP plants is included with production from main activity producer electricity plants. some power plants that were previously reported as main activity CHP were reclassified as autoproducer CHP. municipal waste and biogases are included with industrial waste. The capacity factor was based on an annual yield published in a national report in 2009 by the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme. industry and energy sectors. The power station that burns industrial waste started to work as a CHP plant in 2007. The corresponding electricity consumption was allocated to the residential and commercial and public services sectors. Direct use of geothermal heat is available from 2001 and of solar thermal heat from 2005. The breakdown of net electricity and heat production by source has been estimated by the Secretariat for the period 1990-2000. New plants fuelled by municipal waste started in 1999.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . municipal waste and biogases) are reported under non-specified biofuels and waste.I. respectively. The breakdown of trade by origin and destination is available from 1993. they are included in Former Yugoslavia. comprising solid and liquid biofuels. Electricity from solar thermal plants is available from 2007. Production of electricity from solar photovoltaic and wind are available from 1989. Electricity and heat production from combustible fuels from 1990 to 2000 have been estimated by the Secretariat based on the data on fuel used for electricity and heat plants reported in the annual fuel questionnaires. A reclassification of plants from main activity to autoproducer in 2008 has INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Peak load for main activity producer plants includes the autoproducers data and is not available prior to 1986. Electricity production from wind and solar are reported from 1989 when data became available. Prior to that. Electricity production from other oil products refers to methanol.7%. Net electricity production by autoproducers prior to 1992 includes production from combustible fuel sources only. net electricity production by autoproducers includes production from combustible fuel sources only and net electricity production by autoproducer CHP plants is included in electricity plants. Data on direct use of solar thermal heat and geothermal heat are available from 1989 and 1994. Prior to 1989 inputs and outputs from the use of biofuels and waste to generate electricity and/or heat (i. The low electricity consumption in petroleum refineries in 2003 and 2004 is due to a change in ownership and work carried out on a refinery. Data for generating capacity are not available prior to 1995. Prior to 2001. 2012 Portugal . In 2007. industrial waste.25 Production of electricity in main activity producer CHP plants and the associated fuel inputs are not available prior to 1980. To conform to the IEA methodology.

Direct use of solar thermal heat and geothermal heat are available from 1994. A decrease in the use of natural gas in main activity CHP plants in 2007 is caused by the reduced operation of one plant after the start-up of a new wasteincineration plant and the shutting down of another plant.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Transmission and distribution losses are estimated by the Spanish administration. electricity production from gas diesel is included under heavy fuel oil. Sweden Prior to 1987 net electricity production by autoproducer plants includes data for CHP plants only. Consumption of heat in industry and other sectors is available from 1984. electricity production from biogases is included with wood/wood waste. heat produced in main activity producer heat plants is not available prior to 1980. Data on direct use of solar thermal are available from 1989. For 2004 and 2005. Heat produced in main activity producer CHP plants is not available prior to 1974. The breakdown of generating capacity of main activity producer and autoproducer electricity plants by fuel is not available from 1990 to 2003 and from 2006 onwards. Electricity generating capacity for liquid fuels in main activity producer plants includes all combustible fuels prior to 1990. Prior to 1978. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available and from 2003 no breakdown of capacity by type of fuel and generation type is available. Solar electricity production by autoproducers is available from 1990. Direct use of solar thermal heat and geothermal heat is available from 1990. Heat produced for sale by autoproducer heat plants is available from 1992. Heat production includes heat sold by nuclear power stations and distributed to other consumers. capacity of autoproducers is included with main activity producers. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available for main activity producer plants. Prior to 1980. Electricity consumption in the transport equipment industry is included in the machinery sub-sector. Electricity reported under other sources is from waste heat. Peak load data for main activity producer plants includes data for autoproducer plants from 1992. For 1990 to 2007 the split of hydro and pumped hydro capacity between main activity producers and autoproducers is estimated based on the split of capacity at peak load. Starting in 2006. 2012 led to breaks in the time series for electricity production between 2008 and 2009. From 1987. Heat production from petroleum products in main activity producer CHP plants includes heat recovered from flue-gas condensing for 1997 and 1998. and in main activity producer CHP and autoproducer CHP plants in 1974 are Secretariat estimates. Switzerland The allocation of electricity production in main activity producer electricity only and CHP plants between 1967 and 1973. a new method was used to estimate the losses from final consumption data resulting in a break in time series between 2005 and 2006. Geothermal direct use is overstated as it refers to heat production by geothermal heat pumps. Generating capacity of main activity producer electricity plants includes autoproducer plants prior to INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 1984. In 1995. The breakdown of final consumption of electricity in the industry sector from 2000 to 2001 were estimated by the Secretariat. . Prior to 1981.I. Electricity trade to and from the country for nonspecified/others non-specified represents trade with Liechtenstein. Consumption of electricity for distribution of district heat is included in other energy industry. Data for pumped hydro electricity production by autoproducers data are available from 1996. the Turkish Administration reclassified autoproducer plants by type and source to be consistent with IEA definitions. the breakdown of net electricity production by industry for autoproducer electricity plants is available. Turkey Data on electricity generated from biofuels are available from 1991. From 2004. Use increases again in 2008 due to the restarting of a district heating plant. Prior to 1992. This causes breaks © OECD/IEA. Heat produced for sale from heat pumps and electric boilers is reported from 1992.26 . heat output from CHP plants is not available. which include inputs from electricity and/or gas in the transformation process.

it was necessary to combine figures for main activity producers and autoproducers in order to prevent the disclosure of information relating to less than three electricity generating companies. small amounts of electricity used in heat pumps have been included in the residential sector. Data on electricity used for pumping and electricity INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . . In 1996. the electricity consumption in the industry non-specified sub-sector includes that of the wood and wood products sub-sector and unallocated consumption. Imports of electricity from Turkmenistan are not physical quantities. paper. The break in the electricity consumption in the residential sector between 2004 and 2005 is due to a revision in methodology for allocating by sector. inputs of and output from natural gas in main activity producer electricity plants are included in autoproducer electricity plants for 1990. Prior to 1998. Starting in 1990. Consumption in the machinery sector includes transport equipment. Heat production from autoproducers is available starting in 1999. Electricity production from wind is available starting in 1998. Net electricity generating capacity by type of generation for both main activity producers and autoproducers is not available prior to 1999. Comprehensive data on electricity consumption are available from 1973. the break in the electricity production from nuclear time series is due to the reclassification of plants from autoproducer to main activity producer plants. the Turkish Statistical Office started providing electricity and heat output on the basis of a new survey that allowed for the revision of the time series back to 2000. there are no data available for autoproducers. but contracted quantities that are imported via Iran. In the 2012 edition. From 2004 onwards. Exports of electricity to nonspecified/others are to Iraq and Syria. The selling of main activity producer plants to autoproducers may cause breaks in the series between 1998 and 2000. electricity output from CHP plants was included in autoproducer electricity plants. This causes breaks in the time series between 1999 and 2000. outputs of petroleum coke from main electricity plants are included in residual fuel oil. Comprehensive data on electricity and heat production and consumption in main activity producer electricity. Electricity production in main activity producer CHP plants is available from 1991. From 2007 onwards. Consumption in the non-metallic mineral products sub-sector includes mining and quarrying. This causes a break in the series between 1972 and 1973. Generating capacity reported in other type of generation corresponds to gas engines. Prior to 1989. United States There are breaks in the series concerning the total production of electricity and heat in the United States. Prior to 2004. Data on electricity production from solar is available from 1999 and electricity production from wind is available from 1989. For the United Kingdom. 2012 in the time series between 1994 and 1995 for electricity production in these plants. Prior to 1981 for main activity producer plants and prior to 1983 for autoproducers. For this reason data for main activity producer CHP plants have been included with autoproducer CHP plants from 1988. electricity consumption in rail refers to industrial rail only. Prior to 1988. Consumption in gas works includes electricity use in the transmission/distribution of public supply gas. From 1984 onwards. and printing industry. Prior to 2004.I. electricity consumption in wood and wood products sub-sector includes that of pulp. and consumption for non-traction by railways and bus stations and airports. Prior to 2003. CHP and heat plants and autoproducer electricity and CHP plants are not available for all years. From 2004 onwards it includes both industrial and urban rail. data on electrical capacity by type of generation are not available. the data for electricity consumption in transport sector was reclassified by sub-sector resulting in a break in time series between 2003 and 2004. since this information is considered confidential.27 A new gas fired main activity producer CHP plant was put into operation in 1999 and a new autoproducer electricity plant fuelled with coking coal started in 2000. non-specified transport includes consumption for traction by urban rails and road vehicles. Consumption in the machinery sub-sector includes that of the transport equipment industry before 1996. Also. In the 2006 edition. United Kingdom The reorganisation and subsequent privatisation of the electricity supply industry in 1990 results in some breaks in the time series. all outputs of electricity and heat from oil products are reported in the other oil products category. Electricity consumption in coal mines includes consumption in patent fuel plants. nonspecified transport includes consumption by road vehicles only.

Data for peat are confidential between 1994 and 1998 and from 2000 are not reported.I. The IEA Secretariat estimated the split of output by fuel type based on the assumption that the plant efficiencies of the aggregate are equal to that of each part.28 . data on plants consuming other bituminous coal. There are breaks in the series concerning the total consumption of heat sold to third parties. The IEA Secretariat estimated US photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation from autoproducers starting in 1999 by multiplying the dispersed and distributed PV capacity estimated by the EIA by an average capacity factor of 12%. No heat is reported as being sold to the residential or agriculture sectors. Production from these small and independent power producers account for about 25% of reported production of electricity by autoproducers in the United States. Direct use of solar thermal heat in residential is available from 1999. Prior to 1999. From 2007. A new survey for electricity consumption may cause breaks in the time series for 2003 and 2004. subbituminous coal and lignite have been estimated by the Secretariat using information provided in the EIA’s Annual Electricity Generator Report – Utility. The corresponding electricity consumption has been included under non-specified other consumption. the EIA has reported electricity and heat production from anthracite under subbituminous coal. The consumption of heat sold in industry is available from 1991 and in the energy industry from 1992.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 For the 2003 edition the US Administration changed the definition of what it reports under autoproducers. The breakdown of capacity by fuel type for 1989 is a Secretariat estimate. From 1999 onwards. Cost and Performance Trends in Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems and Case Studies. which causes breaks in the time series between 1994 and 1995. The capacity factor was based on a report published in 2007 by the IEA Photovoltaic Power Systems Programme. and revised data back to 2006. Therefore. Prior to 2000. Accurate accounting of coke oven gas and refinery gas inputs is not always possible and can lead to efficiencies of over 100% in main activity producer CHP plants. Data for heat produced in main activity producer heat plants are available from 1992. this may underestimate the heat sold to third parties. The breakdown of fuel used and production of heat in main activity producer heat plants have been estimated by the Secretariat for 1992 and 1993. Capacity is net summer capacity. Capacity by type of generation is not reported prior to 1981. Sub-bituminous coal inputs for electricity and heat production are included in hard coal before 1983. Electricity generation reported under other sources is from purchased steam. heat data are no longer collected and have been estimated by the US Administration. the fuel used in heat production by autoproducers is included in final consumption because the US administration cannot distinguish between the heat used directly on-site and the heat sold. transport. 2012 production from pumped storage plants are available from 1987. For the 2009 edition the US Administration changed their methodology for calculating heat production in CHP plants. total consumption of heat sold only referred to consumption in commercial and public services. Prior to 1991 some of the fuel inputs to electricity and heat production reported for autoproducer plants are reported as final consumption in the particular economic sector in which the autoproducer is operating. This reclassification causes breaks between 1999 and 2000. especially in the industry. . Data on electrical capacity for autoproducers are available from 1989. commercial and residential sectors. This leads to breaks in the time series between 2005 and 2006. The decline in patent fuel used for electricity production in 2008 and subsequent cessation INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY of the time series in 2009 is a result of the termination of the patent fuel tax credit in 2008 which had previously made the fuel economical for electricity production. Prior to 2001. the industrial waste category includes recovered heat from industrial processes. Since 1995. From 2004 onwards. autoproducers include small and independent power producers which under IEA definitions are considered as main activity producers. Prior to 1991. solar thermal electricity production includes generation from natural gas because some natural gas units are attached to solar thermal plants and their production cannot be separated. Direct use of heat in heat pumps (mainly in residential and industry) is not available. © OECD/IEA.

Germany. Togo. Israel. Equatorial Guinea. Korea. the Netherlands. Senegal. Israel. The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. Belgium. Botswana. Ireland. Guinea-Bissau.-Pierre and Miquelon. Finland. Germany. Guinea. Mauritius. Seychelles. Mauritania. South Africa. data for Estonia are included in Former Soviet Union and data for Slovenia in Former Yugoslavia in the publication Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries. Reunion and St. Djibouti. Spain includes the Canary Islands.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . OECD Europe2 comprises Austria. the Czech Republic. Luxembourg. Kenya. New Zealand. East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.29 5. Czech Republic. Mexico. Portugal. Belgium. Spain. Japan. United States includes 50 States and the District of Columbia. Chad. Lesotho. Congo. Mozambique. Iceland. Madagascar. Swaziland.I. Mali. Martinique. Guyane. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Portugal. Netherlands. Gabon. Ireland. New Caledonia. Italy includes San Marino and the Vatican. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights. Sweden. Switzerland. Angola. OECD Americas comprises Canada. all 34 OECD member countries are also member countries of the IEA. Korea and New Zealand. Israel. Hungary. Namibia. Sao Tome and Principe. Luxembourg. Guadeloupe. Denmark. Turkey. OECD Asia Oceania comprises Australia. Sudan. Ghana. Sierra Leone. Rwanda. Greece. Poland. Italy. the United Kingdom and the United States. Cameroon. Suriname and the Portugal includes the Açores and Madeira. Libyan Arab Jamahiriya. Morocco. Uganda and Western Sahara. Niger. Nigeria. With the exception of Chile. Gambia. Switzerland does not include Liechtenstein. Norway. but excludes the French overseas territories French Polynesia. . Germany includes the new federal states of Germany from 1970 onwards. Norway. Slovenia2. Reunion. Denmark. The Netherlands excludes Netherlands Antilles. Côte d’Ivoire. Estonia2. France includes Monaco. Zambia. the Slovak Republic. Iceland. Hungary. Greece. Cape Verde. United Republic of Tanzania. Mexico and Slovenia. Italy. Spain. France. Somalia. Japan includes Okinawa. Other Africa includes Burkina Faso. Estonia2. Poland. Japan. OECD Total2 comprises Australia. Comoros. Malawi. and the United States. The OECD Total is the sum of the three regional aggregates. Benin. Slovak Republic. Central African Republic. Mexico. Tunisia. Estonia. Canada. Eritrea. Africa includes Algeria. France. Estonia and Slovenia are included starting in 1990. Turkey and the United Kingdom. Switzerland. The following countries are included in the regional aggregates. Slovenia2. Democratic Republic of Congo. Zimbabwe and Other Africa. 2. Chile. Austria. shown in italics below. Burundi. IEA regional totals include only IEA Member countries and therefore exclude non-IEA Members. Iceland. Egypt. 2012 Australia excludes the overseas territories. Ethiopia. Liberia. Prior to 1990. Chile. Finland. GEOGRAPHICAL COVERAGE Denmark excludes the Danish Faroes and Greenland. Sweden.

Bermuda. Kyrgystan. Bosnia and Herzegovina. Kuwait. Samoa. Footnote by Turkey: The information in this document with reference to “Cyprus” relates to the southern part of the island. Uzbekistan. 2012 Non-OECD Americas includes Argentina. Vietnam and Other Asia. Brazil. Papua New Guinea. Cyprus4. Islamic Republic of Iran. . Singapore. Guatemala. Ukraine. 3. Turkey recognizes the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC). Dominican Republic. There is no single authority representing both Turkish and Greek Cypriot people on the Island.30 . © OECD/IEA. Myanmar. Kitts and Nevis. the Secretariat’s data and estimates under the “Netherlands Antilles” still refer to the whole territory of the Netherlands Antilles as it was known prior to 10 October 2010. Guyana. Azerbaijan. due to a lack of detailed data. Suriname. Tajikistan. Turkey shall preserve its position concerning the “Cyprus issue”. Laos. Sri Lanka. Haiti. French Guyana. Belarus. 4. Until a lasting and equitable solution is found within the context of United Nations. Peru. Colombia. Philippines. and Turks and Caicos Islands. Mongolia. Barbados. Aruba. St. Georgia. Croatia. Puerto Rico. New Caledonia. Martinique. Jamaica. Lativa. Cayman Islands. 5. Bulgaria. Brunei Darussalam. Paraguay. Saint Lucia. However. St. Bolivia. DPR of Korea. Macau. Maldives. Tonga and Vanuatu. Thailand. Solomon Islands. Malta. The Netherlands Antilles was dissolved on 10 October 2010. Kazakhstan. French Polynesia. Panama. Republic of Moldova. East Timor. Cook Islands. Costa Rica. El Salvador. Russian Federation. Syrian Arab Republic. Malaysia. Honduras. Turkmenistan. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Other Asia includes Afghanistan.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Other non-OECD Americas includes Antigua and Barbuda. United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Grenada. Serbia5. Trinidad and Tobago. Dominica. British Virgin Islands. Guadeloupe. Footnote by all the European Union Member States of the OECD and the European Commission: The Republic of Cyprus is recognised by all members of the United Nations with the exception of Turkey. Romania. Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia includes Albania. Lebanon. Cuba. Uruguay. Middle East includes Bahrain. Montserrat. Nicaragua. Cambodia. Vincent and the Grenadines. Falkland Islands. Jordan. Saudi Arabia. Asia includes Bangladesh. Lithuania. with the other islands joining the Netherlands as “special municipalities”. Oman. Former Soviet Union2 and Former Yugoslavia2.I. Venezuela and Other non-OECD Americas. Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM). Bahamas. Chinese Taipei. The information in this report relates to the area under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Kiribati. Belize. Data for Serbia include Montenegro until 2004 and Kosovo until 1999. Fiji. Ecuador. Nepal. Pakistan. Bhutan. Palau. Saint Pierre et Miquelon. resulting in two new “constituent countries” of the Netherlands (Curaçao and Saint Maarten). Armenia. Gibraltar. India. China includes the People’s Republic of China and Hong Kong (China). Netherlands Antilles3. Qatar. Iraq. Indonesia.

Note also that totals may not be the sum of their components due to independent rounding. are accounted for similarly using 1 TWh = 0.086 Mtoe. and between calorific values of these fuels in different countries. imports. 41 868 kJ/kg (10 000 kcal/kg) for oil.e. CONVERSION FACTORS AND CALORIFIC VALUES Conversion (to toe) All units in this publication are metric units. The use of the net calorific value is consistent with the practice of the Statistical Offices of the European Communities and the United Nations. net calorific value is usually around 5% less than gross. This unit is used by the IEA/OECD in its energy balances. 29 307 kJ/kg (7 000 kcal/kg) for hard coal.086 Mtoe. The balances are expressed in terms of "net" calorific value. For example one could adopt a single equivalence for each major primary energy source in all countries. e.g. a convenient measure because it is approximately the net heat content of one tonne of average crude oil. i. This problem can be approached in many different ways.086 Mtoe. the tonne of oil equivalent (toe). The main objection to this method is that it results in distortions since there is a wide spread in calorific values between types of coal and individual coal products. production. electricity generation. Electricity All electricity data are reported to the IEA in GWh (for generation) or MW (for capacity).31 6. The change from using the original unit to tonne of oil equivalent implies choosing coefficients of equivalence between different forms and sources of energy. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.e. trade. The Secretariat has therefore adopted specific calorific factors supplied by the national administrations for the main categories of each quality of coal and for each flow or use (i. blast furnaces and industry).). Complete listings of net calorific values to convert energy sources from basic units to tonne of oil equivalent are reported in section IV and can be found at the end of this Chapter. Electricity data are converted from original units of gigawatt hours to million tonnes of oil equivalent using the relationship: 1 TWh = 0. For crude oil. etc. exports. while for electricity there is no difference as the concept has no meaning in this case. Most IEA/OECD publications showing inter-fuel relations and projections present such information in a common energy unit. The difference between the "net" and the “gross” calorific value for each fuel is the latent heat of vaporisation of the water produced during combustion of the fuel.I. specific factors have been used based on consultations with experts from the national administrations. coke ovens. photovoltaic. while for petroleum products regional conversion factors have been used. etc. for most forms of natural and manufactured gas the difference is 9-10%. For coal and oil. Figures for the energy equivalent of electricity production.868 GJ). Hydroelectricity production (excluding pumped storage) and electricity produced by other non-thermal means (wind. 2012 Units and conversions . tide. at a rate of 1 TWh = 0. and final consumption are calculated using the energy content of the electricity. A tonne of oil equivalent is defined as 107 kcal (41.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 .

when the geothermal energy input is not submitted by a country. 1 TJ = 2.388 x 10-5 ÷ 0.388 x 10-5 Mtoe. the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an average thermal efficiency of 50%.1) Mtoe. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Oil The IEA applies regional conversion factors (in conjunction with Eurostat for the European countries) for the petroleum products: Regional net calorific values for petroleum products Petroleum products Europe kJ/kg kJ/kg kJ/kg Refinery gas Ethane Liquefied petroleum gases Motor gasoline Aviation gasoline Gasoline type jet fuel Kerosene type jet fuel Kerosene Gas/diesel oil Residual fuel oil Naphtha White spirit Lubricants Bitumen Paraffin waxes Petroleum coke Non-specified petroleum products 49 500 49 500 48 100 49 400 48 100 49 400 46 000 44 000 44 000 43 000 43 000 43 000 42 600 40 000 44 000 43 600 42 000 39 000 47 300 44 800 44 800 44 800 44 600 43 800 42 600 40 200 45 000 43 000 42 000 40 000 40 000 32 000 40 000 47 700 44 600 44 600 44 600 44 500 42 900 42 600 42 600 43 200 43 000 42 900 38 800 32 000 Americas Asia Oceania 33 800 © OECD/IEA.32 . For the net heat content of a natural gas. natural gas excludes natural gas liquids. i. . 2012 However.5) Mtoe. Heat Information on heat is supplied in Terajoules (TJ). 1 TWh = (0. the primary equivalent is calculated assuming an efficiency of 10%. 1 TJ = (2.I.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 In the case of electricity produced from geothermal heat.9.086 ÷ 0. The 33% figure is based on empirical data obtained by Eurostat on conversion efficiencies in nuclear plants in the European Union. Natural gas In this publication.33) Mtoe. the primary energy equivalent of nuclear electricity is calculated from the gross generation by assuming a 33% conversion efficiency. when the geothermal energy input is not submitted by a country. 1 TWh = (0.086 ÷ 0. its gross heat content is multiplied by 0. In the case of geothermal heat.e.

893 -4 1 4.931 x 10-4 3412 1 multiply by: TJ -3 Gcal 4.615 159.97 1 5.48 6.1781 1 28.8 2.289 35.1868 x 104 MBtu 1.454 4. ft3 bbl From: multiply by: U.1337 3.252 2.968 x 107 11630 1 2.1605 4.0551 x 10 -3 GWh 3.2778 3.0 0.0 6.016 1 1.163 x 10-3 3.33 General conversion factors for energy To: TJ Gcal Mtoe 1 238. gallon (gal) 1 0.6 1 10 107 1 -7 -8 0.02859 0.2 220.229 0.388 x 10-5 From: MBtu GWh 947.K.0 short ton (st) 907.0283 0. gallon (gal) 1.0038 U.K.2642 0.120 2240.001 9.S.201 1 0.54 x 10 0.0 34.84 x 10-4 1.785 0.1868 x 10 Mtoe 4.52 x 10 860 8.001 264.02381 0.3 0.6 long ton (lt) 1016 1.0 x 10 Conversion factors for volume gal U.546 0.220 0.0 1 101 deca (da) 10-1 deci (d) hecto (h) 10 -2 centi (c) 10 -3 milli (m) 10 -6 micro (µ) -9 nano (n) 10 2 10 3 10 6 10 9 giga (G) 10 1012 tera (T) 10-12 pico (p) peta (P) 10 -15 femto (f) 10 -18 atto (a) 10 15 10 18 kilo (k) mega (M) exa (E) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0063 0.1023 2204.8327 0.6 x 10-5 Conversion factors for mass kg To: t lt From: st lb multiply by: 1 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 .0353 1 0.I.159 3 Cubic foot (ft ) Litre (l) 3 Cubic metre (m ) 7.0045 Barrel (bbl) 42.102 x 10-3 2.3147 1000.46 x 10 -4 2000.2 0. 2012 Decimal prefixes . To: gal U.S.2046 tonne (t) 1000 1 0.968 1.9072 kilogramme (kg) pound (lb) 0.0 -4 1 l m3 5.8 0.984 1.

generation Industry Other uses 28500 28500 28500 28000 29073 29073 29073 29308 29308 29308 29308 24719 28329 24719 28329 24719 28638 28638 28638 28582 29557 28698 29385 29385 - - 29300 29300 29300 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.I. generation Industry Other uses 9800 9800 9800 9800 9015 9158 10004 9158 8370 8370 8370 14286 14286 14286 15000 14286 - 12742 14621 16303 11783 12670 13838 - 9000 9304 11000 11000 - 25650 35714 20995 - 31000 29000 41800 19303 8800 31000 29308 27696 20000 29300 28830 - 28645 41366 30800 28056 36936 20737 - 29300 18300 - 29308 16000 9946 - 29300 37000 10190 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. generation Industry Other uses 18478 18817 19195 18478 22200 22200 22200 - 18238 18238 18238 19150 18238 - - - - - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Country specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 43985 42655 43985 43282 42500 42500 42500 42750 42750 42790 42790 42790 42790 43692 43166 43371 42400 42400 42400 42400 43000 43000 43000 43000 - 42390 42390 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 45410 43282 26800 36800 - 42500 42587 26700 36600 33207 45200 42500 25100 26860 38052 37000 45220 42500 41868 26800 36800 - 48095 44799 22651 - 38470 39500 27000 37100 - 42700 26700 37600 36800 39642 - 45217 42496 25121 41868 27500 36800 36800 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 25700 25700 22515 25700 25700 27902 27872 28099 26970 29850 27539 25781 25781 26225 27581 25781 24219 24219 24219 29396 24219 24219 17147 22605 21748 27650 27650 25499 24412 26410 21143 23189 28445 24442 24574 24305 26500 24438 27156 27160 27160 27160 25098 25096 25098 25098 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 26700 26700 26700 28033 28033 28033 25184 25184 25184 25184 26381 26381 26381 - 30000 30000 30000 30000 - - - Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec. 2012 2010 .34 .

generation Industry Other uses 30500 30500 30500 30500 29000 29000 29000 29000 29000 29000 29000 - 31430 31430 31430 28050 28050 28050 - - 30984 30984 30984 28130 28227 27354 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 26000 26000 26000 29681 26000 26000 23850 26556 31130 25664 24753 25000 26901 27448 26901 25805 24770 23860 24534 26100 24550 28050 28050 28050 27838 24725 27842 27842 25087 25146 25146 26587 26587 26587 25303 26587 26587 24801 24801 24801 25057 24801 24801 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. 2012 2010 .35 Country specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme) France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 41855 41855 41855 42757 42757 42757 42757 38158 41540 41860 41228 41800 41800 41800 - 42830 42830 42830 42538 42538 42538 41860 41860 41860 41860 42395 42395 42395 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 42000 41855 25120 26805 37400 - 42496 25121 26660 37100 28000 41318 41318 37980 - 43000 41800 41800 26600 37500 - - 24091 37273 36364 44799 36800 41860 25121 26800 37400 36700 46198 42500 - Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses - - - 17280 17000 16025 22850 17230 - - - 18832 18830 18832 - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 17000 17000 17000 9059 8938 10196 10196 5419 4379 5419 8479 5419 7320 15500 7100 9000 10880 - 19820 19820 19820 2931 2931 2931 10468 10468 10468 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal 32000 28000 38000 - 31400 28650 19600 - 30230 31000 22000 29980 38000 20000 - 26670 - 18548 8824 - 30800 29000 30800 29400 35393 29300 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.I. generation Industry Other uses - 29030 29030 30100 29710 29710 29710 - - - 28052 27891 28052 27989 - - 26362 26362 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 .

generation Industry Other uses - - 14100 14100 20000 20000 20000 20000 14531 14531 14531 - 8564 8670 8564 8567 11181 8336 - 19259 29308 37000 - 28500 20100 - 26521 - 28500 41900 30000 29500 - 28500 - 24155 27952 37667 17486 - 29398 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. generation Industry Other uses 19259 26796 21890 26796 19259 26700 26700 29300 - 29300 29300 29300 29300 - - - 30952 29291 29985 29985 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec. 2012 2010 .I.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Country specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme) Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 42700 42700 42700 - 46773 46773 46773 42700 42700 42700 42700 43765 42996 43773 43379 41368 41368 41368 41368 42507 42496 42507 42500 43040 43040 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 44800 41868 38210 - 26803 38133 - 42661 46015 - 44000 42496 25121 27000 37000 35600 45795 44070 28865 39860 - 43795 42300 36800 26800 36800 36800 42500 37360 42500 29700 38400 38400 45220 43996 37000 37000 36800 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 20934 20935 19259 20933 - 19405 19405 21548 19405 19405 - 20630 20630 20364 20630 20630 - - - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 28261 28261 28261 28261 - 23483 23483 23483 28671 28671 28671 29647 29647 29647 29647 29647 - 29507 29580 29637 29491 29802 29310 - Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.36 . generation Industry Other uses 24911 24911 24911 24911 29300 29300 29300 23483 23483 23483 23483 24824 24824 24822 24824 27782 27782 28230 27782 27782 28100 28100 28100 28100 28100 28100 22910 23780 26104 27303 21604 22822 28753 25616 25896 25623 25670 25616 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.

generation Industry Other uses - 19103 17914 16325 18476 8621 12675 8621 - - 18064 23019 16327 16012 - 19011 20049 18892 19278 20074 18825 Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 25810 24308 25810 25802 25290 23128 25290 25473 17100 23915 24011 23556 24250 25249 27400 27400 27900 26860 27400 28100 28100 28100 24909 26708 21792 22480 24423 25000 25200 30600 30600 24855 26133 24488 26872 25810 27535 25863 27288 27170 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.37 Country specific net calorific values (kilojoule per kilogramme) Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Swizerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 41200 42000 41889 41996 - 42665 42665 42665 42161 42161 43225 43225 41370 41570 41520 43371 43371 43371 43371 43261 43143 43261 43092 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 37000 43860 43813 41500 21232 41228 - 26670 36900 - 42500 25100 26753 37555 - 44244 25121 26886 37512 42095 43700 41325 26524 32040 - 42500 37046 - 36090 42496 26800 36800 - 46040 43878 25121 51004 26747 40933 21583 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 10800 14918 11321 11148 11148 10964 16453 13323 11134 11046 - - 20100 20100 20100 9314 6996 17110 16194 - 13893 13834 13749 14378 15173 14418 Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal 28000 28261 33491 17000 - 29767 - 28500 38519 - 28080 12500 - 28100 - 28512 - 30970 28310 38519 - 28842 - INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 . 2012 2010 .I. generation Industry Other uses 29500 29500 29500 - 29000 29200 29200 30000 30000 30000 - 25275 27731 29120 26914 25336 30400 28900 30400 31000 30400 30400 28139 28203 27567 29664 28532 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 26990 25499 26990 26986 - 18220 26400 25300 20046 20051 - 28100 28100 28100 - - 28796 28960 28796 12907 20787 21433 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.

5995 0.38 .5831 0.0211 1.6701 0.0188 1. generation Industry Other uses 0.6827 0.7404 0.6415 0.6927 0.3412 0.6401 0.8861 - 1.6588 0.3412 0.9188 0.4413 0.0125 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 1.0270 1.8837 1.6664 0.2389 0.3583 0.4413 0.1999 0.6807 0.6688 0.6138 0.6604 0.0220 1.0338 0.5015 - 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.0151 0.4095 0.3026 0.6615 0.2341 0.2153 0.0220 1.0127 1.7165 - - - Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.I.4356 0.6998 0.4777 0.8790 0.6944 0.0151 1.6604 0.6807 0.6944 0.9468 - 1.8742 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.2434 - INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3412 - 0.6377 0.0125 1.5785 0.8790 - 1.4356 - - - - - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.6766 0.0270 - 1.6711 0.2814 0.6840 0.6015 0.5904 0.2102 0.5995 0.6158 0.8790 - 1.8790 0.6000 1.1487 1.6998 0.6696 0.5050 0.0127 1.0796 1.7021 0.6158 0.6840 0.7000 0.3305 - 0.5399 0.0800 1.6696 0.4610 0.6301 0.0270 1.6126 0.0211 1.4953 - 0.0151 1.0151 1.0127 1.7000 0.4574 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Country specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 1.5785 0.6449 0.0359 1.5995 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.7165 0.0700 0.6944 0.3043 0.6158 0.2627 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal 0.5995 0.7165 0.6015 0.6138 0.0506 1.5837 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.5904 0.6377 0.5194 0.7165 0.0220 1.4371 - 0.0172 0.9434 0.6578 0.7000 0.0270 1.6015 0.6377 0.7018 0.2187 0.6998 0.0000 0.2222 0.2341 0.7404 0.5805 0.6568 0.0127 1.5785 0.5539 0.1999 0.9089 0.2187 0.3412 0.7060 0.2341 0.6854 0.7931 1.2376 - 0.0151 1.0436 1.5785 0.6807 0.0151 1.5378 0.9984 0.7130 0.6138 0.6090 0.3894 0.6401 0.6657 0.5785 0.6442 0.7000 0.6998 0.6998 0.0220 1.6486 0.2150 0.0199 0.5904 0.5410 - 0. 2012 2010 .3492 0.6264 0.0846 1.8822 0.4356 0.4585 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.8837 0.7356 0.6487 0.0000 0.8790 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.4494 0.6842 0.2341 0.6794 0.0801 1.8981 0.2627 0.6998 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.0150 0.7000 0.6696 0.4356 0.6015 0.6329 0.0310 1.0506 1.6301 0.5869 0.7018 - - 0.6138 0.8530 0.1999 0.0338 1.6840 0.9880 0.6487 0.5302 - 0.6308 0.5838 0.5302 0.6766 0.5994 0.6301 - 0.5302 0.3822 0.6886 - 0.6377 0.7000 0.6377 0.6487 0.

0212 0.4060 0.7285 0.6425 0.6533 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.4734 0.6210 0.5924 0.6700 0.4060 0.2164 0.6296 0.4430 0.6006 0.6350 0.6927 0.0700 0.7089 0.4777 - 0.9071 - 1.6742 0.4498 0.5971 0.6350 0.7507 0.8861 0.6700 0.4734 0.6556 0.2435 0.6044 0.6368 0.1294 0.3702 0.7507 0.9984 0.7096 - - - 0.1294 0.6998 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6353 0.9997 0.6700 0.7500 0.8933 0.6350 0.0150 0.9984 0.9998 0.3828 0.6650 0.6927 0.6296 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.2500 0.6927 0.9076 - 0.6234 0.9076 0.8933 - 1.5924 0.2108 - 0.7285 0.1034 1.6843 0.6650 0.6649 0.7507 0.8957 - - 0.6662 0.6210 0.0700 0.7400 0.5255 0.9998 0. generation Industry Other uses - 0.9984 0.6927 - 0.0212 1.6934 0.4498 - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.2599 - 0.7285 0.6927 0.2500 0.7161 0.6401 0.6425 0.0270 0.5912 0.4060 0.6685 - - 0.6006 0.7356 0.7404 0.8766 1.4115 - - - 0.5696 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 .6700 0.5864 0.0160 0.6000 0.6927 0.5699 0.2150 0.6688 0.5992 0.6000 0.9998 0.0700 0.5860 0.8790 0.7400 0.6210 0.5924 0.9984 0.9998 1.9998 0.6719 0.7356 0.0212 1.6688 0.6700 0.0160 1. generation Industry Other uses 0.7643 0.0700 0.5905 0.7096 0.6343 0.5924 0.0126 1.9997 0.7400 0.0160 1.0126 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 1.7189 0.9984 - 1.1748 0.6402 0.4734 0.4681 - 0.9998 0.0230 1.7435 0.1046 0.6210 0.0126 1.7285 0.5754 0.2135 0.6350 0.5985 0.5458 0.2500 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal 0.6700 0.5924 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.6000 0.I. 2012 2010 .4127 0.6934 0.4060 0. generation Industry Other uses - - - 0.8453 0.1294 0.2435 0.6350 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.4497 0.8903 0.9997 0.6927 0.1696 0.9869 0.6700 - - 0.39 Country specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne) France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 0.6370 - 0.9997 1.7022 0.0230 1.0230 1.0212 1.9114 0.7220 0.9922 0.6163 0.6130 0.9847 0.0151 - Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.7096 0.6700 0.6210 0.2025 0.0032 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.9869 0.5916 0.8685 1.6927 0.

6868 0.7081 0. 2012 2010 .6998 0.5929 0.7081 0.5472 0.7065 0.4635 0.6750 0.6750 0.9881 0.0460 1.4777 0.0189 1.6000 0.8923 1.0151 0.4801 - 0. generation Industry Other uses - - 0.5929 0.0990 - 1.8790 0.7393 0.0508 0.6750 0.3471 - 0.7046 - 0.6894 0.6712 0.9881 0.4777 0.5950 0.1172 1.1991 - 0.0280 1.6807 1.6998 - - - 0.6998 0.6377 0.0153 1.5950 0.5228 0.8790 0.7001 - Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec. generation Industry Other uses 0.6636 0.9172 0.5451 0.0103 0.4600 0.0526 0.6712 0.7118 0.4927 0.6712 0.7079 0.1172 1.9108 - 1.9520 - 1.6636 0.5929 0.0269 1.6998 0.0453 1.8837 0.0008 0.7048 0.7165 0.3368 0.4600 0.40 . generation Industry Other uses 0.I.5609 0.6400 0.4864 0.4927 - - - Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.2671 0.0150 1.6334 - 0.7094 0.0700 1.0199 1.6998 0.8837 0.0151 0.6449 0.0151 1.0199 1.6848 0.6118 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.6676 0.6401 0.5680 0.5147 0.6848 0.5609 0.5000 - 0.0280 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 1. generation Industry Other uses 0.7162 0.0801 1.3368 0.2071 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.6131 0.6402 0.5609 0.9881 0.2046 0.0199 1.8837 - 0.4176 - 0.5609 0.0455 1.9881 1.5160 0.4927 0.4927 0.4635 0.7081 - 0.6235 0.6712 0.5950 0.4635 - 0.7081 0.6998 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 Country specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne) Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 1.6377 0.6712 0.6996 0.5000 0.8790 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.0199 1.6848 0.0000 0.7000 0.0153 1.5950 0.0509 1.0199 1.6118 0.8997 0.6998 - 0.0938 1.8790 1.8503 1.6636 0.5609 0.7044 0.6807 - 0.3471 0.6521 0.7081 0.6185 0.0199 1.5929 0.8837 0.7022 - Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4600 0.9126 - 0.5609 0.4777 0.2045 0.4635 0.7162 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.4777 0.0150 0.9172 1.5609 0.6998 0.6743 0.1172 1.6636 0.6120 0.5000 0.0361 0.0199 - 1.6807 0.2045 0.3471 0.5769 0.4600 0.6400 0.6750 - 0.6712 0.

3318 0.4413 0.7046 - 0.7165 0.0054 1.6927 0.0324 1.7404 0.5849 0.7309 0.0150 0.5626 0.6040 0.6544 0.6000 0.5155 Anthracite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.4789 - 0.7261 0. generation Industry Other uses - 0.6974 0.6712 - 0.7046 0.4801 0.6401 0.7165 - 0.6544 0.5995 0.6623 0.2182 0.0151 0.0333 1.4604 0.5937 0.7110 - 0.9929 0.6242 0.6664 0.6815 Other bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.7261 0.6518 0.7261 0.I.6446 0.3182 0.6917 0.6031 0.0567 0.0070 1. generation Industry Other uses 0.3899 0.5735 0.5071 0.6415 0.0190 1.6878 0.6165 0.9870 0.6889 - INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0005 1.4788 0.0190 1.6712 0.6577 0.4563 0.3868 - 0.4352 0.4087 0.8813 - 1.2059 - - 0.0292 NGL Refinery feedstocks Additives Other hydrocarbons Biogasoline Biodiesels Other liquid biofuels 0.6762 0.0151 0.6428 0.41 Country specific net calorific values (tonne of oil equivalent per tonne) Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Crude oil Production Imports Exports Average 0.3900 0.7085 0.6721 0.5949 0.0305 1.3027 0.4541 0.8790 - 1.6165 0.6712 - - 0.6379 0.8848 - 0.2663 0.2659 0.6807 0.4315 0.6040 0.5369 0.6051 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.7653 - 1.0333 1.0359 1.6390 0.5712 0.6446 0. 2012 2010 .0476 1.4512 0.8837 1.0359 1.6090 0.3304 0.4801 0.2663 0.6688 0.3930 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART 1 .8620 1.5498 0.5119 Coking coal Production Imports Exports Coke ovens Main activity elec.2638 - - 0.6489 Sub-bituminous coal Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.8970 - 1.2704 0.6165 0.3824 - 0.2986 - 0.3624 0.6043 0.0359 1.7397 0.6750 0.2619 0.5833 0.9840 1.6306 0.6878 0.4279 0.0465 0.0438 0.9200 - 0.5971 0.1671 0.6388 0.5792 0.5806 0.7165 0.0324 0.6037 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.0359 1.6712 0.0032 1.7261 0.3284 0.0070 1.6019 0.9200 - 0.6974 0.4965 0.6707 0.6712 0.6544 0.3083 0.6422 0.4789 0.2059 0.4060 - 0.6712 0.6163 0.6084 0.9847 - 0.6335 0.4795 0.5524 0.9777 0. generation Industry Other uses 0.2225 0.6955 0.6370 0.6418 0.3444 Patent fuel Coke oven coke Coal tar BKB Peat Charcoal 0.0996 1.3434 0.6445 - 0.8960 1.6810 - 0.2580 0.9912 0.6712 0.6903 0.9917 1.0031 - 1.9881 0.5205 0.4496 Lignite Production Imports Exports Main activity elec.7046 0.0480 0.3563 0.4801 0.7999 0.6736 0.7309 0.6177 0.6000 1.6584 0.4084 0.0190 1.

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .1 PART II INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.II. 2012 WORLD ELECTRICITY DEVELOPMENTS .

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

1% (Table 1. an average annual growth rate of 3. This contributed to the 0. 23% was in OECD member countries. a decrease of 6.9% decrease in total OECD primary energy supply (TPES). The majority of heat production came from combustible fuels. electricity production in OECD countries still reached levels comparable to 2008.8% from fossil-fuel-fired plants and 2. which was sold to third parties.1 and 2.2% of total gross electricity production. Total OECD heat production in 2011 was 3 062 PJ. hydroelectric plants 13.1). but still 3. nuclear plants 12. global power production in 2010 increased by 6. natural gas and biofuels and waste including solid biomass and animal products.2). i. wind and other sources made up the remaining 2.9% decrease occurred after the 4. 80.1% (Table 2. while in OECD countries the average annual growth rate during the same period is 2. a decline of 9. prior to the crisis in 2009.4% increase in 2010 due to the recovery from the economic crisis in 2009. 28. was 14 285 PJ in 2010. Following the tsunami in Japan and the resulting accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant. total combustible fuel1 plants 63. However.5%. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4%.0% from gas. despite the drop in 2011.0% from coal and 7. Of the reported 2010 world heat production. The 0.e.5%. Nuclear plants accounted for 19. reacting with oxygen to produce a significant rise in temperature. solar. 1. gas/liquids from biomass.5% reflecting a return to levels prior to 2009.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .2% (made up of 60.1% in non-OECD countries. The increasing share of non-OECD countries in total world electricity production reflects the higher average growth rate which has prevailed since 1973.9% drop in total OECD electricity production. OECD production Gross electricity production in 2011 in the OECD (including generation from pumped storage plants) was 10 817 TWh. wind and other plants 4. as well as the 1.2% from the level reported in 2010.8%.4% higher than the level in 2009 (Tables 1.0% coming from fossil fuels (44. 67. 2012 One of the highlights of the OECD situation in 2011 was the 9. Hydroelectric plants provided 16. In the last 37 years. it also decreased by 23% in Germany.9% from oil) and 17. Compared to the 20 206 TWh produced in 2009. and geothermal. Combustible fuels refer to fuel that are capable of igniting or burning.2% of world electricity production was from generating plants burning fossil fuel.II. Fuels included are: coal and coal products. industrial waste and municipal waste.3 1 SUMMARY Production Between 1973 and 2010. . biofuels and waste 1. World heat production.3%.4%. an decrease of 1% from the 2010 level. electricity production has increased at an average annual rate of 5. In 2010. solar. oil and oil products.2% decrease in electricity production from nuclear energy.2).4% from biofuels and waste plants) and geothermal.6% from the level reported in 2009. nuclear electricity production decreased by 65% in Japan. That was a year when the impact of the economic crisis in OECD countries was evidenced in a visible decline in global production between 2008 and 2009.8% coming from biofuels and waste. world electricity production increased from 6 139 TWh to 21 511 TWh.

1).2% of non-OECD electricity production was generated from fossil fuels. non-OECD countries imported 212 TWh and exported 215 TWh of electricity. OECD countries imported 418 TWh. The resulting net exports amounted to 3 TWh. countries use electricity trade as a “balancing” item.17 USD per MWh in Denmark (Table 3. calculated final electricity consumption. net imports of electricity in 2010 amounted to 11 TWh (Table 1. Non-OECD consumption In 2010. 2011 apparent consumption of electricity (gross production plus imports minus exports) in the OECD was 10 818 TWh. Non-OECD trade In 2010.4 .1% from the 2009 reported level.2). OECD trade OECD countries imported 386 TWh of electricity (including from other OECD countries) in 2010 and exported 375 TWh (including to other OECD countries). 19.1). 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Trade Often when reporting electricity flows. indicating a 1% decrease in apparent electricity consumption in OECD countries in 2011. OECD prices Average real electricity price (as measured by the indices of real energy prices) in the OECD increased by 0.6% from the 2009 level. 4.a decrease of 10. This represents an increase of 9. In 2010.1). In addition.5).6% and prices for households increased by 0. © OECD/IEA. Gross electricity production in 2010 in non-OECD countries was 10 589 TWh (Table 1. Electricity prices for consumers vary widely across OECD countries.7).II. transmission losses and energy sector consumption.1).2% over the observed final consumption in 2009. Both of these factors lead to differences between reported net imports for OECD countries and reported net exports for non-OECD countries.57 USD per MWh). and exported 417 TWh.4% by nuclear plants and 1. In 2010.8% was provided by hydroelectric plants. Prices for industry decreased by 0.64 USD per MWh in Korea to 409.1% in 2011 from 2010 levels. comprehensive data are available for 2010. This leads to some distortion of the import and export data. a higher rate than the 4. Accordingly.4% growth exhibited by the OECD countries between 2009 and 2010. Electricity prices for households varied from 88. in non-OECD countries was 8 456 TWh (Table 1. 2012 Non-OECD production . electricity prices for industry were the lowest in the United States (69. Based on available 2011 data. Consumption OECD consumption In 2010. The corresponding figure for 2010 was 10 933 TWh.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II While complete statistics are not available for electricity production in all non-OECD countries for 2011. which is equal to production plus imports minus exports. Preliminary data suggest that for 2011. while they were the highest in Italy (279. with the Russian Federation accounting for almost 54.6% of the world. Around 76% of the reported world heat production in 2010 was in non-OECD countries. other use. total non-OECD heat production was 11 021 PJ . resulting in net imports of 1 TWh (Table 2. own use.1).31 USD per MWh) (Table 3. total final electricity consumption was 9 382 TWh. the transmission and distribution line losses between net importers and net exporters are difficult to determine.8% higher than in 2009.8% (Table 3.6% by biofuels and waste and geothermal/solar/wind capacity (Table 1. 74. an increase of 8. Based on preliminary data.

The fuel used in individual OECD countries in the production of electricity is illustrated in the graphs in Part IV.2). Hydroelectric development in the OECD is fairly mature so suitable 1.2%) and wind (20. electric boilers (2. PRODUCTION AND INSTALLED CAPACITY By convention.4% and 22.6%. 2010 OECD electricity generated was 10 854 TWh and gross electricity production was 10 922 TWh (Table 2. total1 OECD hydroelectric capacity was 454 GW and accounted for 17. hydroelectric and combustible fuels increasing by 0. as well as different policy approaches between countries.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . and 2. 314 GW nuclear power. as many countries began to emphasise renewable energy resources that do not emit greenhouse gases. solar (21.8%. between 1990 and 2010 the total generating capacity increased at an average annual rate of 2.5 GW capacity was added in 2010 with the biggest contributors being combustible fuels (47. The OECD-wide pattern of electric power capacity and production conceals large differences between countries. 2012 OECD production and installed capacity . 38 GW of solar.2%. This consisted of 1 696 GW of plants fired by fossil and other combustible fuels.8%). electricity used within power stations for their own use (499 TWh) is subtracted from total gross electricity production (10 922 TWh) to determine net production (10 423 TWh).II. In this period there were also substantial additions of solar and wind capacity. From this. which is slightly higher than their share in 2010.2% of net maximum installed electric capacity in the OECD. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. plus Iceland and Mexico. The slower growth of total capacity additions since 1990 is partly attributable to economic evolution.8 TWh). These differences reflect different resource endowments and economics of electricity generation. or 13. which has resulted in the growth of less energy intensive service industries.6).2 TWh).3%. the reported value for electricity generation is the amount of gross production less the amount of electricity generated in pumped storage plants.5% of total gross production in the OECD in 2011. Main activity producers and autoproducers reported for IEA countries. hydroelectric and combustible fuel capacity increasing by average annual rates of 10. In 2010. use for heat pumps (1. pumped storage (86.4 GW of geothermal. The total available electricity supplied in OECD countries in 2010 was 10 343 TWh.2%. On this basis.0%. respectively.3%.7%. 134 GW of wind. and 11. In 2010. with nuclear. 1. respectively. a 3% increase from 2009 (Table 2.7). A total of 76.5% between 1974 and 1990. Total generating capacity in the OECD increased at an average annual rate of 3. increasing at an average annual rate of 26. In deriving this figure. the difference being hydro pumped storage production. the OECD countries reported 2 648 GW of total installed capacity.4 TWh) and exports (375 TWh) are then deducted and the supply of imports (386 TWh) is added. Data on the growth and type of installed capacity in individual OECD countries and regions are reported in detail in Table 15 in Part IV of this report. which was 13% of total gross production (Tables 1. tide/wave/ocean and other capacity combined (Table 2.4%). Hydroelectric power Hydroelectric plants produced 1 458 TWh. with nuclear. 454 GW hydroelectric power (including pumped storage capacity). 4. respectively.5 2.2 and 2.7). and 2. By comparison.

have improved as costs have declined and technology improved.7). In the latter cases. and 7 TWh from tide.2).1%). Since the growth peaked in 1985.8%. wave. This growth mainly reflects new capacity additions in the 1970s (between 7 and 14 GW per year) and the 1980s (between 6 and 25 GW per year). The historical data on capacities are presented in Table 15 in Part IV for individual countries. As a result.1 GW of geothermal. From 1990 to 2010. an increase of 47% from 2009.1% of total gross electricity production.4% in Switzerland (Table 2. tide. Electric utilities have indicated that up to 10% to 15% of electricity generation from dispersed. Solar electricity production increased at an average rate of 23. conduits) have been developed. 2012 and environmentally acceptable sites are increasingly difficult to locate and would likely yield lower load factors than the capacity in place.5 TWh and accounted for © OECD/IEA. The contribution from such sources will depend on their degree of dispersion geographically. which is slower than the growth exhibited in the past several years. as in the case of geothermal plants. tunnels. wind and wave plants. 54% in Belgium. totalling 442. 55. production from tide. declining slightly since then. Many of the civil works associated with existing capacity (waterways. installed capacity increased at an average annual rate of 0. electricity production from combustible fuels (fossil fuels and biofuels and waste in both electricity and CHP plants) was 6 838. Data on output from these types of small units are often less readily available than those on capacity.6 GW of wind capacity was added in 2010. The prospects for power generation from more intermittent renewable sources.7% in France.2% decrease between 2010 and 2010 is a result of the accident at the Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan (Tables 1. total nuclear power capacity in the OECD was 314 GW and accounted for 11. From 1990 to 2010.7%. less than the 2288 TWh produced by nuclear plants in 2010. wave.6 . In 2011. This was 210 TWh. Of this. with an INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY average annual growth rate from 1990 to 2011 of 23.5%) and 2011 (74. wave and ocean power was 0. maintained or replaced over the last century. An additional 15. especially wind. . 56 TWh from solar.6). an increase of 74.2% in the Slovak Republic. ocean and other sources.2 GW of wind and 5. wave.2). The overall capacity addition from this group of technologies in 2010 was 36 GW. Combustible fuels In 2011.2 GW in 2010. or difficult as in the case of solar. intermittent sources could be managed easily. OECD countries reported electricity generating capacity of 6. growth of the OECD’s hydroelectric capacity has slowed since 1990. 38 GW of solar. solar.9% between 1973 and 1990 (Table 2. wind and other sources increased by 25.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Nuclear power Nuclear power stations in the OECD produced 2 078 TWh of electricity in 2011.8 % of generating capacity (Table 2. increasing from 0. ocean and other sources.2% of total gross electricity production.8%. growth slowed to only 0. Measuring the generating capacity of renewablepowered plants can be relatively simple.4% from 1990 to 2011 with particularly strong year-on-year growth in 2010 (58. wave and wind power In 2011. while production from other sources (including electricity generated from waste heat and heat from chemical processes) was 6. annual additions have declined sharply and fewer orders have been placed. Production of electricity from wind sources has expanded significantly since the mid-1980s. but generation beyond that share could affect system reliability. OECD nuclear electricity production increased at an average annual rate of 13.and they are often installed by nonutility (end-user or independent) generators. Solar electricity generating capacity experienced the strongest growth in terms of percentage with the addition of 16.5%. 134. tide. This 9.5 TWh in 2011.7 TWh. solar. 45 TWh from geothermal.II.1 TWh in 1985 to 334. units tend to be quite small .ranging from a few kilowatts to at most 4 MW .2 and 2. In 2010. The share is as high as 78.9%.2% between 1973 and 2011. where available. Geothermal. 335 TWh was from wind. accounting for 19. five countries had a 40% or higher share of nuclear electricity production in total gross production in 2011.6 TWh and 4.6 TWh. electricity production from geothermal. Production of geothermal electricity increased at an average annual rate of 5. Of the 18 OECD countries with nuclear capacity. In 2010.3% in Hungary and 41. the mix of energy sources and the generation flexibility of the rest of the system.2%.4 GW of tide. 43. The highest level of nuclear capacity was reached in 2005 (315 GW). an increase of 13.

3).4% of OECD combustible fuel-fired production and 2. This was a 2% decrease from the 3 097 TWh produced in 2010 (Table 1. where available.5% of total IEA capacity (Table 2.6).2% of total gross electricity produced in OECD countries (Table 2. In 2011. Biofuels and waste This category of fuels comprises the non-fossil fuels that are used for electricity and/or heat production. It also accounted for 28.9 and 2. The available data on the use of these fuels for electricity generation continues to improve. contributing 44.4).4% from the 309 TWh produced in 2010 (Table 1. 3.12). IEA coal-fired capacity at the end of 2010 was 546 GW or 21. . slightly higher than the 1. In the period 1973 to 1990.12). Analysis of trends in the use of these fuels must take into account these statistical difficulties. Includes capacity from gas works gas plants. The level reached in 2010 was a 4.7 Not only has its share varied over the years.4). In the period 1974 to 1990 combustible fuel-fired capacity increased at an average annual rate of 2.8% of total gross OECD electricity production. natural gas-fired electricity and CHP plants produced 2 564 TWh of electricity.3%. electricity production from combustible fuels increased more slowly than total gross production. the prices of natural gas also became more competitive relative to coal. Czech Republic. After dipping for the first time in 20 years in 2009. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. but the type of combustible fuel used for electricity generation in electricity and CHP plants has also varied greatly over time (Tables 2. Germany. This trend reversed after 1985 when electricity production from combustible fuels began growing at a faster rate and nuclear capacity additions began to slow. Electricity generating capacity of combustible fuel-fired plants is shown for historical years and 2010 in Table 2. the Netherlands and Spain) did not submit the breakdown of combustible fuels by fuel type. liquid fuel-fired (including refinery gas) electricity and CHP plants produced 302 TWh of electricity.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .3).7% of total IEA capacity (Table 2.9% of total gross electricity produced (Table 2. and liquid biofuels and waste.2 Coal Hard coal is the leading source of electric power generation in the OECD.4% of OECD production from combustible fuels. The rapid development of statistics in this area has caused some data revisions from one year to the next.3% in 2010 by producing 2 544 TWh and continued its recovery by reaching its all time high production of 2 564 TWh in 2011. In the period 1990 to 2010 electricity production from combustible fuels increased at a 1. The category is divided into five sub-categories: wood/wood waste/other solid waste.2% (Table 2. biogases (landfill gas.12). This was a decline of 2. electricity production from coal in 2011 is still below the 2005 level. contributing 37. was 3710 TWh in 2011. sewage sludge gas and other biogases). 2012 63. hard coal-fired electricity and CHP plants produced 3 036 TWh of electricity.2% of total IEA capacity (Table 2.2).12.5% of OECD combustible fuel-fired production.7).6).10). contributing 4.7% of total gross OECD electricity production (Table 2.3% increase from the production in 2009 but this growth is largely due to the recovery from the financial crisis and can be explained as a return in economic activity back to pre2009 levels.9% annual rate.II. combustible fuel-fired power plants produced 3 358 TWh and accounted for 74. natural gas-fired electricity grew 7. industrial waste. While some of this decline is attributed to the decline in total electricity production in 2009 due to the financial 2. Despite this growth. Electricity production from all coal sources. IEA gas-fired capacity3 at the end of 2010 was 628 GW or 24. France. including peat and coal derived gases. It also accounted for 23. municipal waste (renewable and non-renewable). which is a a 1% decrease from the electricity produced in 2010. In 1973. due to the economic slow down. Oil In 2011. The capacity data should be viewed with caution since a large group of the IEA countries (Canada. This results in major breaks in the series between years as new data series begin to be collected and reported to the IEA.8% rate for total electricity production (Table 2. and between 1990 and 2010 at an annual average rate of 2. as a large amount of nuclear capacity was added. crisis. IEA oil-fired capacity at the end of 2010 was 133 GW or 5.1% of OECD total electricity production from all sources (Table 2. Natural gas In 2011.

8% of OECD production using only combustible fuels and 2. CHP plants provided 78% of this heat (2 545 PJ) and the rest (719 PJ) came from heat plants. At the present time. this concept of consumption is separate and additional from heat sold to third parties. contributing 3. Iceland. CHP systems tended to be confined to small scale applications in industry. Increasing concern about environmental effects of energy use has led to policies encouraging the development and use of new technologies that increase the efficiency of electricity and heat production.16.II. when efforts to reduce CO2 emissions from fossil fuels were formalised. Norway.8). This was slightly lower than the 264 TWh produced in 2010. Austria. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Direct use of heat Direct use refers to the use of an energy carrier in its primary form at the point of production.9% of total IEA capacity (Table 2. large scale main activity producer CHP systems have been built in some member countries. 2010 Direct use of solar/geothermal heat in the OECD in TJ Geothermal Australia Austria Belgium Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States Total Solar Total 0 321 0 0 0 0 3810 19080 1130 3885 17332 0 0 5243 8456 1401 0 0 318 9481 563 430 70 1090 669 0 10853 58257 33 9285 10129 6854 507 366 514 39 2482 18720 7676 220 0 232 46980 5616 17174 1225 36 4910 1001 360 100 2439 1 212 7653 432 1853 18087 3641 58152 10129 7175 507 366 514 39 6292 37800 8806 4105 17332 232 46980 10859 25630 2626 36 4910 1319 9841 663 2869 71 1302 8322 432 12706 76344 3674 67437 151707 217611 369318 Direct use of solar/geothermal heat was 369 PJ in 2010. nor included in heat production sold to third parties in Table 6 of Part IV. representing 0. commercial and public service. units whose primary activity is to generate energy for public consumption. biofuels and waste were used in electricity and CHP plants to produce 263 TWh of electricity.8 . Japan. In 2010 total OECD heat production that was sold to third parties was 3 263 PJ (Table 2. data on direct use of heat are reported by 30 countries. Electricity production from biofuels and waste has increased most rapidly since 1992. an increase of 5. In terms of heat.4% of OECD total electricity production from all sources. i. which is generally transported via a heating network. It should be noted that the data on direct use of heat are not included in total final consumption in Table 2. © OECD/IEA. . Finland. 4. The quantity of heat produced and consumed by autoproducers for their own use is not generally measured.) refers to solar thermal and geothermal energy. data collected on heat production are generally confined to main activity producers.4 The term “district heat” refers to a particular end-use market for heat. Heat produced and distributed for district heating and other purposes can be produced in CHP plants or in plants designed to only produce heat (called here heat plants). Previously.e. Finland. Data on heat produced by autoproducers relate only to the quantity of heat produced for sale to third parties. In many cases the heat produced in these CHP plants is sold for district heating. Sweden and Switzerland report heat produced by heat pumps. the Slovak Republic and Sweden report heat produced by electric boilers and the Czech Republic. 2012 In 2011. Capacity at the end of 2010 was 23 GW.12). Denmark. These data are summarised in the following table. It is then supplied to buildings or homes from a central source through a network of pipes carrying hot water or steam. etc.8% from 2009. Heat that is used directly in final consumption sectors (residential. industry. the Slovak Republic. Norway. although the fuel used to produce the heat is generally measured and available. Reflecting such policies and other economic and social factors. Just over 40% of the directly used heat was produced by geothermal sources and just under 60% by solar sources.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Heat production In OECD countries (as in other market economies).

4% of total gross production reported for non-OECD countries for 2010 (Table 1. solar. however.8% from 1985 to 2010. contributing 28% of combustible fuel-fired generation or 21% of total gross electricity production (Table 1. when the world experienced the first major oil disruption. Non-OECD countries’ share of world electricity production increased from 27% in 1973 to 49% in 2010 as these countries have continued to expand their electricity grids to those previously without electricity. and production from solar PV increased by 89. 99. Generation from these sources increased at an average annual rate of 7. including brown coal.9 Gross electricity production in 2010 in non-OECD countries (including generation from pumped storage plants) was 10 589 TWh (Table 1.3). contributing 46. In 2010. natural gas-fired electricity and CHP plants produced 2 225 TWh of electricity.1%.3). Hydroelectric power Hydroelectric plants produced 2 097 TWh or 20% of total gross production reported for non-OECD countries in 2010 (Table 1. This was an increase of 3. Geothermal.1% from 1973 to 2010 – slightly higher than the 5. combustible fuels will likely remain a very important component of non-OECD electricity production.2% in 2010. Gross electricity production by non-OECD countries increased at an average annual rate of 5. by far. peat and coal gases. Nuclear generation growth in non-OECD countries expanded very rapidly from 1973 to 1985 with an annual average rate of 26%.II. the largest component of non-OECD countries’ gross electricity production in 2010. The proportion of electricity produced with natural gas increased until the mid 1980’s and has since stayed around 20%. Compared to 2009 levels. indicating that natural gas generation is growing at about the same rate as total generation.2% increase over the 2009 level.3%. contributing 8. Electricity from oil has become less important in non-OECD countries over time. Since then. with its share of total generation declining gradually from 23% in 1973. or 0.4% of total production (Table 1. contributing 34% of combustible fuel-fired production or 25. Electricity production from all coal sources.4% in 2010. wave and wind power Excluding hydroelectricity.2).9% of total reported electricity production was provided by geothermal. Natural gas In 2010. electricity production from hard coalfired electricity and CHP plants was 2 692 TWh.2). tide. solar. other.6% of combustible fuel-fired generation and 6.2). was 4 951 TWh in 2010.6 TWh. with a share of 74. Combustible fuels Electricity production from electricity and CHP plants that use combustible fuels (including fossil fuels and biofuels and waste) was 7 923 TWh in 2010.1% compared to the 2009 level. growth has been noticeably lower with an annual average rate of 2.2). Hydroelectric production reported by non-OECD countries increased at an annual average rate of 9. wave and wind power facilities (Table 1.4% of total gross generation (Table 1. tide. non-combustible renewable energy represents only a fraction of total electricity production in non-OECD countries.1% average growth rate for electricity production over that time frame.1% between 1973 and 2010.5% between 1973 and 2010. an increase of 8. Nuclear power Nuclear power plants produced 468 TWh or 4. hard coal is the leading source of electricity production in non-OECD countries. electricity production from geothermal sources declined by 1.1). Coal As with the OECD countries. Under the current circumstances. Combustible fuels comprised. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Electricity generated from natural gas increased by 11.3) in 2010. This represents an 8. 2012 Non-OECD production .8% of total gross electricity production.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .8% (Table 1. Oil Liquid fuel-fired (including refinery gas) electricity and CHP plants produced 679 TWh of electricity.6% from the level reported in 2009. In 2010. although production from wind sources increased by 45.

4).1% from 2009 levels partly attributed to an unseasonably cold winter. 5 167 PJ. Heat produced from these sources was 194 PJ in 2010. other solid waste.8% of total heat production from combustible fuels in 2010.8% of total heat production from combustible fuels.6% in 2010.6% in 2010.7%) of this heat was produced by burning combustible fuels (Table 1. heat production from brown coal and peat has declined sharply. The remaining 3. The second largest component of heat sold to third parties was produced from coal. however. Electricity generation from this source has grown more slowly than that from other sources and so its share of total gross electricity generation decreased from 1.7% from its 2009 level. a 17% increase from 2009. 2012 Biofuels and waste . biogases and liquid biofuels. or 48. The majority (96. contributing 0.9% of combustible fuel-fired generation (Table 1.10 . Combined. mainly in Europe. brown coal heat production was 471 PJ. contributing 4. biofuels and waste were used in electricity and CHP plants to produce 67.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II In 2010. Reported heat production from natural gas increased by 7. Heat production from hard coal has increased since the late 1990s.2% was provided by nuclear. Heat production from oil was 511 PJ in 2010.5% of total heat INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY from combustible fuels sold in non-OECD countries came from natural gas. Biofuels and waste provided 1. chemical heat and other sources. (Please note that Table 1.) The largest component of heat was produced from natural gas. an increase of 10. Heat produced from hard coal was 3 897 PJ. industrial and municipal wastes. © OECD/IEA.4 does not show a complete breakdown of the heat production by fuel due to a lack of information for several non-OECD countries. This represents a decrease of 8. heat pumps. these fossil fuels provided 45% of heat production from combustible fuels in 2010. The other significant source of combustible fuel-fired heat generation is non-fossil fuels like wood.II. In 2010. total non-OECD heat production was 11 021 PJ.5 TWh of electricity.3). production from peat was 5 PJ and production from coal gases was 409 PJ.5% in 1973 to 0. electric boilers. solar thermal. Heat production In 2010.

Mexico.14).14). structural change and improvements in efficiency in energy intensive manufacturing and processing industries.9%) and chemical and petrochemical (9. agriculture (mainly irrigation pumps) and fishing sectors are relatively small consumers of electricity.1%. mining and quarrying (9. Iceland. Portugal and Turkey (Table 2. Korea. Accordingly. Israel. The rate of growth in electricity consumption varies widely among OECD countries.7%) sectors (Table 2. The combined share of total consumption of the residential and commercial/public service sectors increased from 46.13).2% in 2010. Although industry is the most significant end-use sector for electricity consumption.2% from the observed consumption in 2009. Non-OECD countries’ share of world electricity final consumption increased from 26% in 1973 to 47. OECD apparent consumption of electricity (gross production plus imports minus exports) was 10 818 TWh (Table 2. is shown in Tables 2. These data for the OECD as a whole conceal important regional differences that are shown in Table 11 for the separate OECD regions in Part IV of this report.II.1).ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . iron and steel (11. This is the result of low rates of economic growth. Electricity total final consumption refers to electricity production plus imports minus exports minus electricity used at power stations (own use) minus electricity used for pumped storage. the growth in electricity consumption has slowed considerably.7% in 2010. (Detailed information on observed electricity consumption for the OECD in 2011 is unavailable at the time of going to print. Although the amount of electricity consumed in industry increased from 1 843 TWh in 1973 to 3 016 TWh in 2010 (Table 2. a 1% decrease from the 2010 level. an increase of 9.11 3. heat pumps and electric boilers.15). The largest increases in 2010 were seen in the machinery (17%). OECD industrial electricity consumption increased by 8. Between 1973 and 2010 final electricity consumption increased at an average annual rate of 5.2% in 1973 to 31. Spain and Turkey.5% decline in consumption in 2009. minus transmission and distribution losses.4% in 2010.5% (Table 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.13.5% in 1973 to 62% in 2010 (Table 2. OECD sectoral consumption of electricity Much of the growth in OECD electricity consumption since 1973 has taken place in the residential and commercial/public service sectors. The only countries that experienced average annual growth rates over 5% are Chile.1). ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION Based on 2011 preliminary data.14). Japan. and for selected earlier years.) OECD electricity consumption for 2010. 2012 OECD consumption . OECD electricity total final consumption has grown from 3 901 TWh in 1973 to 9 656 TWh in 2010 representing an average annual increase of 2. Greece. total final electricity consumption is significantly lower than apparent consumption data reported above. Between 1960 and 1973 the annual average rate of growth of electricity consumption exceeded 10% in Denmark.6 and 2. Iceland. The transport (mainly rail). Since 1973. Non-OECD consumption Calculated final electricity consumption in 2010 in non-OECD countries was 8 456 TWh (Table 1.1%) transport equipment (10%). growth rates since 1973 have been the lowest of the major sectors. its share of total electricity consumption in the OECD fell from 47. reflecting the recovery of the industry from the economic crisis that was evidenced by the 10.

17). in agriculture and fishing. electricity competes with petroleum products in transport in the rail sector and to support the operations of both submarine and overland pipelines. partly due to the colder winter in Europe which increased the demand for heat in 2010 Of total OECD reported heat consumption. heat and other fuels. Finland. these countries together accounted for 55% of total OECD heat consumption in 2010.1%.18). Korea and the United States account for large shares of the remainder. and geothermal and solar 0.18). amounting to 63 Mtoe. Electricity held a 35% share and petroleum products held a 13% share.6% for OECD countries (Table 1. residential and commercial/public service sectors. The only European country to experience a decline in heat consumption over the same period was Greece. India and Brazil. 81% occurred in Europe.9% share of final consumption (1 767 Mtoe). 38% of third party heat consumed in OECD countries was used in the industrial sector. Heat’s share of total final consumption in OECD countries.2 Mtoe) by heat (Table 2. natural gas 20. electricity holds a 12% share of final consumption. Iraq. and coal and biofuels and waste which combined held a share of 21%. In 2010. with shares of 31% and 14%.9% in the commercial/public services sector (Table 2. 74% of final energy is consumed in the form of oil and petroleum products. In the commercial/public services sector (which accounted for 31% of electricity consumption in 2010) (Table 2. coal 3.5% (128 Mtoe). in total final 1. to name a few.2% (8.8%. OECD market shares Although electricity has certain unique uses.18). Electricity plays an important part in the industry. mainly in Germany.II.1). and Italy. Electricity accounted for only 31.12 . electricity use is dominant over other fuels. 2012 The four highest consumers of electricity in nonOECD countries in 2010. 35% in the residential sector and 18. Coal and biofuels and waste together held about an 11% share of energy consumption in this sector. Similarly. In 2010. Poland.18 in which the share of electricity. represent 62.9% (807 Mtoe) of total final consumption of energy in the OECD countries was met by electricity and about 1. an increase of 8. These data do not include the consumption of heat produced in industrial plants or service industries for their own use.7% in 2010 (Table 2.0% (737 Mtoe). In the residential sector. The pattern of use is shown in Table 2.14).9% (181 Mtoe). Losses can reach over 25% of the electricity supply in some nonOECD countries such as Haiti. while it was 6. © OECD/IEA.7% (63. the shares of fuel and electricity use vary substantially between countries. biofuels and waste 4. 21. Between 1973 and 2010 electricity consumption in the People’s Republic of China increased at an average annual growth rate of 9.16)1.0% from the 2009 level (Table 2. Sweden. both of which saw declines between 2009 and 2010 in heat consumption. respectively.14). These three sectors accounted for 93% of electricity consumption in 2010 (Table 2. In 2010 natural gas had the largest market share with 37%. was 1. it is not the most consumed fuel by this sector. Although 31.2% of electricity consumed in 2010 was by the industry sector (Table 2. In fact. OECD heat consumption OECD heat consumption in 2010 was 2 647 PJ. higher than the share held by natural gas (7%). In the transport sector 94% of final energy is consumed in the form of oil and petroleum products. Heat contributed about 2% of final energy in the sector in 2010 in the OECD as a whole. Crude oil and petroleum products held a 47. However.8% of non-OECD electricity consumption.14). However. and Paraguay.7 Mtoe). The largest share is represented by the People’s Republic of China at 40.3% share of final energy consumption by the industry sector (Table 2. In this section heat consumption refers to heat sold to third parties by both main activity producers and autoproducers.18). the Russian Federation. the People’s Republic of China. it also competes with other energy carriers in many end-use markets throughout the economies of OECD countries. Electricity’s share in 2010 was 52% of the total final energy consumption in this sector compared to natural gas’ share of 31% and petroleum products’ share of 13% (Table 2. Electricity’s main competitors in the industry sector are natural gas and petroleum products. France.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Transmission and distribution losses represent 11% of electricity supply for non-OECD countries. . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY energy consumption in 2010 in the OECD region as a whole is reported for the major economic sectors.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .8% (Table 2. Final consumption of electricity in this sector increased at an average annual rate of 10.3% (Table 2.0% between 1973 and 2010. the annual average growth rate in this sector was 8.4% between 1960 to 1973 and a slower rate of 2. However. and at 3. 2012 Between 1960 and 1973 electricity consumption in end-use markets grew at an average annual rate of 7.6% between 1960 and 1973.19). For natural gas. and biofuels replaced shares of coal and petroleum products.7% from 1973 to 2010.2%. and to a lesser extent biofuels and waste. the fastest growing market for electricity has been the commercial/public service sector. Over this period. thereby increasing the share of electricity in total final energy consumption.II. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. at 2. Over both periods.1% between 1960 and 1973 and 2.0% between 1960 and 1973.2% (Table 2. the increased use of petroleum products. This compares to annual average growth rates for petroleum products in final consumption of 10. natural gas and electricity displaced coal. The average rate of growth was significantly lower between 1973 and 2010. electricity.13 In the industry sector over the period 1960 to 1973. total final consumption in this sector increased by an average annual rate of 4.6% from 1973 to 2010. electricity consumption continued to grow. natural gas.19).7% between 1973 and 2010. averaging an annual rate of growth of 1%. Electricity has also substantially increased its market share in the residential sector with an average annual growth rate of 9. and petroleum products replaced a large share of coal in end-use. . but an overall decline in the period 1973 to 2010 of 2. electricity consumption growth significantly exceeded the growth in total final energy consumption. Since 1960. compared to 6. and between 1973 and 2010 heat. Between 1960 and 1973 electricity.6% in the period 1960 to 1973.20). despite total final consumption in the industry sector decreasing at an average annual rate of 0.

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

2012 Transfers of electricity between utilities in neighbouring regions have been common for many years. Lithuania. In OECD Europe.5% between 1973 and 1990. Mozambique. electricity produced by large hydroelectric projects in Paraguay is exported to Brazil and Argentina. net exports from China were 13. In 2010. Substantial trade in electricity occurred in OECD Europe . Outside of the OECD there is substantial electricity trade between Russia. net imports from South Africa were 5 TWh. China exports electricity from nuclear and hydroelectric plants in the south to Hong Kong. Moldova. there is significant trade in the southern portion of the continent. non-OECD countries were net exporters of electricity. an average annual growth rate of 4.1% between 1973 and 1990.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .5% between 1990 and 2011. economic structure.21). In Africa. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.II. or the timing of forced and scheduled unit outages.principally between OECD countries. and Latvia as well as to countries in central and Western Europe. In 2010. Kazakhstan. In OECD Americas. In 2010. Non-OECD electricity trade When considered as a single entity.7 TWh in 1973 to 418 TWh in 2011 (Table 2. but slowed to a rate of 2.15 4.22). net exports from Paraguay were 43.4% (Table 2. a decrease of 4% from the 2009 level (45. South Africa exports a significant amount of power to Zimbabwe. electricity imports grew at an average annual rate of 7. total imports increased by an average annual rate of 4. In 2010. these countries reported electricity imports of 212 TWh and electricity exports of 215 TWh. Exchanges based on differences in natural production costs between regions are economically efficient. OECD exports of electricity grew from 81.5 TWh in 1973 to 417 TWh in 2011. and in OECD Americas. Ukraine and other countries of the former Soviet Union. In South America. but also from differences in climate. became a net exporter in 1998 as a new hydro project came into service. Such exchanges reduce the overall reserve margins needed by diversifying the potential sources of supply.23). and fluctuations in load can be balanced by exchanges with neighbouring utilities with different load profiles. Surplus capacity in a neighbouring region can result not only from simple differences in load timing. India also imports a significant amount of electricity.1 TWh). an average annual growth rate of 4.3% annually between 1990 and 2011 (Table 2. ELECTRICITY TRADE OECD electricity trade OECD imports of electricity grew from 87.4 TWh.1).2%. a substantial part of which is produced by hydro projects in Bhutan. which has been a net electricity importer. These countries export significant quantities of electricity to net importing countries such as Belarus. resulting in net exports of 3 TWh (Table 1. . and by 2.5 TWh.

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

prices were the lowest in the United States (69.2%. electricity prices had mainly been on a decline since 1985. Based on data that are available for 2011.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . Electricity prices for industrial consumers vary widely across OECD countries.8 in terms of tonnes of oil equivalent to allow for comparison between fuels. Electricity prices for industry are also reported in Table 3.31 USD per MWh). yielding an overall average rate increase of 1. increased in the OECD by 1. In Japan (Table 3.II.57 USD per MWh). The increase was due to significant spikes in the price for heavy fuel oil (29. real electricity price for industry increased by 4. Complete data for 2011 for the OECD as a whole are not yet available.5) by 4. until recent years. but of the countries where data are available. prices varied from 88. The overall increase was of 0. Turkey. average electricity prices in US dollars per MWh for industrial consumers (in countries for which data are available) increased in the OECD (Table 3. Of the countries for which 2011 data are available.1%. Real price indices are the current price indices divided by the country specific producer price index for industrial prices and by the consumer price index for the household sector.6 in terms of US dollars per tonne of oil equivalent to allow for comparison with other fuels. while 2 had price reductions.2). Electricity prices for household consumers also vary widely across OECD countries.17 5.8% for households. and the Netherlands) and rose in the remaining 25. while they were the highest in Italy (279.7% for both sectors. Electricity prices for households are also reported in Table 3. Based on available 2011 data. the average price of electricity for industrial users decreased in three countries (Norway. mask different trends in the different OECD regions. though.8% (Table 3. (Specific producer and consumer price indices are based on 2005=100. Changes in prices measured in local currencies may be quite different since the direct effect of exchange rate changes with the US dollar is not incorporated. yielding an overall average increase of 3. At the time of going to press.7%.7%). 2012 In 2011. for the OECD and OECD Europe as a region. See Principles and Definitions at the beginning of Part II for further details on methods used. The overall OECD price trends. cannot be calculated.6% for industry and increased by 0. 1. and for households increased by 3.1%. In 2010.) . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4 and Figure 3. electricity prices in OECD Europe for industry increased by 0.5%.64 USD per MWh in Korea to 409. the OECD average real1 electricity price decreased by 0.4% from the 2010 level. In 2011. 26 had price increases.7). OECD PRICES For example.17 USD per MWh in Denmark. Electricity prices for industry Data on prices in local currencies are published quarterly in Energy Prices & Taxes and are shown in Part IV of this book for individual countries. hence reported average price data for 2011. 2011 data were not yet available for some countries. Electricity prices for households In 2010. electricity prices in USD per MWh for household consumers (in countries for which data are available).0% and for households increased by 2.

as well as transport costs from supply sources to end use markets. Prices increased in seven countries and decreased in three for which 2011 data have been reported. by 0.71 per MWh. the degree to which domestic supply costs differ from international market prices and the relative importance of domestic supply sources. In 2010. heavy fuel oil prices increased from the 2010 level in all of the nine countries that reported data. Based on data that are available for 2011. In 2009.2% from USD per 19.39 per MWh in the Slovak Republic. Natural gas prices (reported in gross calorific value) also vary between OECD countries. prices for heavy fuel oil varied (for those countries for which data are available) between USD 490 per tonne in Austria to USD 1122 per tonne in Turkey. In 2010. The price increased from USD 366 per tonne in 2009 to USD 475 per tonne in 2010. steam coal prices for electricity generation varied from USD 37 per tonne in Turkey to USD 153 per tonne in Germany.11 to 3. prices varied from USD 16.18 .27 per MWh in the United States to USD 44. In 2011. the OECD average heavy fuel oil price for electricity generation fell 32% from 2008 levels but rebounded in 2010. the last year for which complete data are available. steam coal and natural gas are the main fuels used in the production of electricity in power plants that use combustible fuels (Tables 3. This indicates that the growth evidenced in 2010. In 2011. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Based on data that are available for 2011. the last year for which complete data are available. but only slightly.22 per tonne.95 MWh to USD 19. average natural gas price for the OECD decreased 1.II.3% to USD 60.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Fuel oil. the last year for which complete data are available.16). © OECD/IEA. is continuing from the dip experienced in 2009 due to the economic crisis. 2012 Prices of competing fuels . in part. average steam coal price for the OECD continued to decrease. The variations in prices reflect.

the TPES/GDP ratio in 1973 was.3% per year and is now back down to the same level as in 1973. While the broad measure of energy intensity. This reflects the relatively low price of domestic and imported energy in the United States – which discouraged investment in energy efficient technology and other factors like geographic size (which encourages more auto usage) and reliance on personal automobiles rather than mass transit. This has resulted in their ratio being the lowest of the three regions at 80% of the OECD average. 39% higher than the average for the OECD as a whole.II.1% from 1973 to 2000. population and electricity final consumption (TFC). the TPES/GDP ratio in 1973.8% per annum). The ratio of TPES to GDP is a measure of the amount of energy input required per unit of national output. the aggregate table for the OECD as a whole masks significant regional differences. From 2000 to 2010. “OECD Total: Energy Consumption. by far. However. the ratio declined in the Asia Oceania region more slowly than for the OECD as a whole. they have made great strides to reduce their energy consumption. Several factors. 2012 Energy and electricity intensity . which encouraged conservation and energy efficiency. By 2011.19 6. However. In the OECD Asia Oceania region.5% since the first “oil price shock” in 1973. including the high level of conservation and energy efficiency at the beginning and the rapid economic development in Korea have affected this pattern. was the lowest in all OECD regions. However. they are at the same time becoming more electricity intensive. However. often used as a broad indicator of energy intensity of economies. has declined at an average annual rate of 1. TPES/GDP. between 1973 and 2010 the electricity intensity index has increased at an average annual rate of 0. reducing it by an average of 1. the ratio declined by an average annual rate of 0. The data in the table indicate that TPES per unit of GDP (TPES/GDP). their ratio was no longer the lowest in the OECD. As energy efficiency has improved for member countries as a whole.” albeit at differing rates.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . The low ratio reflects the relative high price of domestic and imported energy in Japan and Korea in 1973. the highest in the OECD. One measure of electricity intensity is the ratio of final consumption of electricity to gross domestic product (Electricity TFC/GDP). since OECD Americas started with such a high ratio in 1973. as time passed. reaching 93% of the average for the OECD. The indexed electricity intensity ratio for the OECD as a whole increased at an average annual rate of 0. In the OECD Europe INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. For example. which are further elucidated in subsequent aggregate tables for each OECD region. suggests that all OECD regions are getting more “energy efficient. which is heavily influenced by energy consumption patterns in the United States. gross domestic product (GDP). another measure shows a different trend. in the OECD Asia Oceania region. However. and is now at 23% higher than the average for the OECD.5% per year between 1973 and 2011. GDP and Population” provides data on relative changes in total primary energy supply (TPES).5%. it has experienced the most rapid rate of decline (1. TRENDS IN THE OECD ELECTRICITY SECTOR Table 1 in Section IV. at only 71% of the average for the OECD as a whole. The OECD Europe region had a TPES/GDP ratio that fell in between the other two regions in 1973 at 79% of the OECD average. the patterns within each region vary considerably. In OECD Americas.

2%). energy security. affect the mixture of inputs for electricity generation.8 4. Inputs are also affected by government policies related to environmental compliance. Data on geothermal.II. Not only has the Asia Oceania region experienced the strongest growth rate.1%.4% per annum since 1973. with an average annual decline of 0. provides statistics on electricity generation by sources since 1973. and perceived risks associated with different technologies.8 -4. the availability of investment capital for energy technologies and infrastructure.2 8. Production from solar. nuclear and combustible fossil fuels are reliable and available for most member INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY countries throughout the time period. but to do so it has relied more heavily on nuclear.2 2.1 2. Europe and Asia Oceania are growing more electricity intensive as electricity intensity declines in the Americas region.1 1.0 6.2 1. Coal consumption growth is higher in the Asia Oceania and Americas regions than in Europe. “OECD Total Summary Electricity Production and Consumption”.9 0. natural gas. Table 3 in Part IV.3 3. wind.9 6.1 11.3 The above table summarises the variation between OECD regions. hydro. the index has increased at an annual rate of 0.0 1.9 -2.9 13.4%.3 3. 2012 region. The strongest growth since 1973 has been for nuclear (6.3 18. © OECD/IEA.2 12. as well as the delivered price and availability of imported resources.3 6.6 5.0 -3. the lack of reliable data from several countries in the earlier years of this time period may significantly distort the growth rates. Average annual growth of electricity generation by source in OECD regions from 1973 to 2011 in % Source Coal Oil Natural gas Nuclear Geothermal Hydro Other Total Americas Asia Oceania Europe Total 2. while electricity generation from oil has declined in every region. while hydro (excluding production from pumped storage plants) has increased more moderately since 1973 (1. and coal to meet its generation needs.5%) and geothermal (5. The OECD Americas region shows a different pattern for electricity intensity.20 .3%) and coal (2.9 4.2%) followed by natural gas (4.3 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Electricity production Each region’s natural endowment of resources.6 10. Electricity generation from oil has declined at an average rate of 3.4 4.6 5.7 0.6 2.1 5.6% between 1973 and 2011. other non-combustible renewable energies and biofuels and waste combined increased at an average annual rate of 12. .5 5.1%).1 -3. Thus. However. Nuclear and natural gas have had the highest growth rates (of the major sources) in OECD Europe.

Renewable energy is any energy source that derives directly or indirectly from natural processes related to sunlight. As long as the rate of extraction of this energy source does not exceed the natural rate of replenishment. Co-generation or combined heat and power (CHP) is the simultaneous generation of both electricity and heat from the same fuel. written by Jayen Veerapen and Milou Beerepoot. For that reason. then the resource is sustainable. renewables. for useful purposes. Shares of renewable energy (RE) supply have risen over the past years and projections show the trend is likely to continue as countries transition to a low-carbon economy. respectively. and heat. fossil and other alternative fuels will still play a major role. CO-GENERATION AND RENEWABLES Introduction The efforts to constrain greenhouse gas emissions and concerns over security of supply of fossil fuels have led to increased attention and policy support for renewable energy over the past decade. heat stored in the earth or gravitational forces and that is constantly. taken together. naturally replenished. This article stresses the low-carbon benefits of both co-generation and renewables as stand-alone technologies and demonstrates how. solar thermal heat (low temperature heat from flat panels and high temperature heat from concentrated solar power) and bioenergy. nuclear material. solar energy through photovoltaics and concentrating solar power. it is important to use these fuels as efficiently as possible. “Cogeneration and Renewables: Solutions for a LowCarbon Energy Future”. renewables and co-generation make a strong case for low-carbon energy solutions by paying attention to:  The “double low-carbon benefit” of using renewable energy in co-generation mode.II. However. . an energy revolution is needed to achieve a considerable reduction in global CO2 emissions relative to current levels in the forthcoming years. 2012 This article has been adapted from a report.  The potential of co-generation to contribute to lowering the carbon footprint associated with balancing variable renewable electricity generation. In order to limit the global rise in temperature. hydro energy. Renewable energy is one of the key solutions to the world’s energy challenges. from the IEA Energy Technology Policy (ETP) Division and Renewable Energy Division (RED). Energy-efficient supply of low-carbon heat and electricity Economic and environmental benefits of renewables According to the IEA.pdf. biomass. transitions take time.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II .org/papers/2011/CHP_Renewables. Co-generation is considered as one option that contributes substantially to energy efficiency. The entire report can be found at http://www. The fuel varies greatly and can include coal. It also explains the need for more attention for the topic of heat in the energy debate. especially when they are on the scale needed to re-invent the energy system. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Renewable heat sources include geothermal heat. both energy efficiency and renewable energy can contribute to the transition from an unsustainable energy path to a sustainable one.21 7. Even though in the coming decades the share of renewables will rise. Renewable electricity can be produced from wind energy. ocean energy and bioenergy. natural gas. the sun or the heat stored in the earth. The need for a holistic approach to these three topics arises from the realisation that strong synergies can exist between cogeneration.iea.

Energy flows in the global electricity system (TWh) Coal 22 725 Oil 3 466 Gas 10 572 Economic and environmental benefits of co-generation Secure. rapid deployment of renewables raises important system integration issues that must duly be taken into account. power generation efficiency will plateau below the level of overall efficiency that the best co-generation plant can achieve.0% 3. When these energy inputs are fossil-based. particularly in the power sector (Figure 1). and up to 90% in the most efficient plants.0% Other* Solar photovoltaics Wind Geothermal 1. as evidenced by the introduction of supporting policies and renewable energy targets. including smart grids. Going significantly beyond 45%.II. Growing interest for renewables from governments. tide. Technologies already exist today to bring the generation fleet closer to 45% efficiency. a low-carbon energy solution. a number of challenges still need to be overcome in order to foster the necessary growth of renewables. Despite progress. 2012 Renewable energy will have to play a crucial role in this revolution. development and deployment (RD&D) for renewable energy technologies in order to increase productivity and reduce costs. Co-generation allows 75% to 80% of fuel inputs. The two-thirds of input energy lost globally in traditional power generation (Figure 2) represent significant missed opportunities for savings on both energy costs and CO2 emissions.5% 0. Implementing co-generation does not. Cogeneration represents a proven technology to help to achieve that goal. thus. Finally. and ocean Technological progress and policy support have led to significant development and deployment of renewable energy. reliable and affordable energy supplies are fundamental to economic stability and development. More INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Nuclear 8 385 Hydro 2 919 Bioenergies 895 Other renewables 593 Total primary energy input for electricity production 49 555 Conversion losses from thermal production 31 249 Own use of power plant 1 088 Gross electricity production 18 307 Net electricity production 17 219 Transmission and distribution losses 1 596 Electricity delivered to customers 15 623 Spotlight on heat While “energy” is a key overarching theme of the energy and climate change debate. rather it increases overall energy efficiency by supplying useful heat alongside useful electricity. The average global efficiency of fossil-fuelled power generation has remained stagnant for decades at 35% to 37%. this leads not only to less reliance on these CO2-generating fuels. to be converted to useful energy.0% Bioenergy 0. Co-generation is. co-generation allows the same level of end-use energy demand to be met with fewer energy inputs. A number of options and technologies.0% 2. By making more efficient use of fuel inputs. in itself. for a large part. does not reflect a lack of incentive to research and develop new technologies to extract energy stored in fossil fuels in more efficient ways. but also preserves such exhaustible materials for applications where they can less easily be substituted. © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II Figure 1 Share of non-hydro renewables in electricity generation (TWh) of IEA countries 1990-2009 5. theoretical constraints on the conversion of heat into electricity. most of the attention focuses on electricity and transport. Figure 2. .0% 4. increase the power supply for a given plant. in practice. the threat of disruptive climate change and the erosion of energy security—all pose major challenges for energy and environmental decision makers. has led to significant development and deployment of renewable energy over the past two decades.5% 1. It has more to do with the intrinsic. It will also be important to champion continued and sustained effort in research. efficient use of primary energy sources can help to mitigate the impact of these negative trends.22 . exist in order to increase the flexibility of electricity systems and allow the integration of larger portions of variable renewable electricity.5% 3. Under current market conditions it will be crucial to continue improving the policy framework for renewables in order to bridge the competitiveness gap between renewables and traditional alternative energy technologies. The worsening misalignment between energy demand and supply—with major consequences on energy prices.5% 4.0% *Other includes electricity from solar thermal. Notwithstanding gains that could come from research efforts over time.5% 2. wave.

Despite the fact that its demand dominates all other energy uses. even transport is folded into electricity because of the increased emphasis on electric vehicles. Renewable co-generation technologies Several renewable primary energy sources generate electricity via prior thermal generation. Biomass can be in gas form including in the form of landfill gas. Different temperature levels in both heat demand and (renewable) heat supply can result in a mismatch between the quality of heat supplied and the heat required. age and materials of the building. transport. As a result. by operating in cogeneration mode. and high temperature heat demand in the industrial sector. the use of renewables bears obvious low-carbon credentials. the value of this available heat is clearly underestimated. Alternatively. even though the quantity of heat may be an appropriate match. it can also be fed indirectly to generating plants through gasification of solid biomass or production of liquid biofuel. heat cannot be transported efficiently over large distances. Shares of total final energy consumption broken down into electricity. including renewable-fuelled technologies which tend to supply heat at lower temperatures. First. If the system is to be decarbonised. wood wastes from forestry and industry. Both cogeneration and renewables are technologies that are relevant to heat supply. some large industrial processes require heat in excess of 400oC. Biomass co-generation refers to the use of biological material as feedstock for co-generation plants. The characteristics of the heat demand and supply can significantly influence the suitability and financial viability of heatgenerating technologies. Another challenge is that heat requirements reflect a wide range of temperatures and scales. dedicated energy crops and reclaimed wood. Often. these technologies enjoy the benefits of energy efficiency—another key low-carbon solution. Demand for heating in buildings varies widely with the design. 2012 Increasingly.23 Heat represents a sizable part of (final) energy consumption (Figure 3). It can be in solid form such as agricultural residues. Considering that heat represents such large shares of total final energy consumption (37% in OECD countries and 47% globally). enjoy a double low-carbon benefit. decision makers increasingly realise that heat supply is a sizable part of the energy system. Figure 3. While electricity supply is a crucial aspect of the energy debate and will continue to remain as such. as well as with the season and time of day. While buildings are comfortable at 20oC. green municipal solid waste (MSW). changing the heat supply will also need to be considered. The biomass resource can take a variety of forms and shapes. heat and non-energy use World OECD Countries Heat 47% Electricity 17% Nonenergy use 9% Transport 27% Heat 37% Nonenergy use 10% Electricity 21% Transport 32% Unlike electricity. residues from food and paper industries. Geothermal Geothermal power plants use heat energy from below the Earth’s surface to produce electricity. but is known for having a wide diversity with respect to temperature levels needed for many different types of industrial processes. The heat energy is in the form of steam that results from the decompression of geothermal fluid as it travels from reservoirs (located at several hundred to a few thousand INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Second. it must be generated close to where it is consumed. Heat demand segments are often distinguished into low temperature heat demand for space heating and domestic hot water in the buildings and agricultural sectors. These technologies can. Industrial heat demand does not always require high temperatures.II. the heat component of co-generation is thought of as having a lesser value than the electricity component. manure biogas and wastewater treatment biogas. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . heat is largely overlooked. both globally and in countries belonging to the OECD. The need for low-carbon energy makes co-generation and renewables an obvious combination. Meeting heat demand is a question of both quantity and quality of heat. Biomass Biomass co-generation is a prime example of how renewables and co-generation can be combined. therefore.

prompted the US Congress to specifically mandate the US Department of Energy to study and report on ways to reduce water consumption by CSP plants (NREL. Italy.II. High temperature geothermal resources consisting of both water and steam are first allowed to “flash” so that the mixture is converted to steam. Today. face severe fresh water deficits. geothermal resources are fed to a heat exchanger to produce steam indirectly. This is performed by the steam condenser component in Figure 4. 2012 Concentrating solar power (CSP) converts solar energy into thermal energy which is then converted into electricity. With proper planning. with temperatures varying from as low as 70°C to 180°C. it is still an emerging technology when considering the amount of electricity currently generated. While CSP has been reliably operating for at least 15 years in some countries such as the United States. the steam is then used to drive a turbine. . These include biomass. Power generation from lower temperature sources in binary plants usually strive for economic viability by seeking an additional revenue stream from the sale of heat. Various projections (IEA. In the third type of plant (binary plants). This is usually done by circulating cold water to cool the system. may face an additional hurdle if not enough water is available to cool the system. CSP operating in co-generation mode is one such option. As with any technology that generates power through prior heat generation. 2010(c)) show a substantial increase in power generation from CSP in the coming years. There are three types of geothermal power plants. By increasing the efficiency of the latter technologies. High temperature reservoirs consisting of steam only can be used directly to drive steam turbines in dry steam power plants. CSP has scope for the application of co-generation. Tower concentrating solar power (CSP) technology Electricity Steam condenser Receiver Concentrating solar power INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Turbine G Generator Steam drum Heliostats In summary. The second process is achieved most often through a steam turbine as in most conventional power plants that rely on the steam cycle to drive an electric generator (Figure 4). The hot water remaining from electricity generation – independent of the type of geothermal power plant – can be used in cascade to methods for district heating and other direct heat use applications. especially in water-deprived regions in the south-western parts of the United States. Strong policy support for renewable energy in the European Union has resulted in recent increased efforts to use geothermal resources for co-generation plants. In many instances. CSP systems. co-generation and renewables complement each other.24 . It is important to take advantage of new project developments to benefit from the most energy efficient options. especially at a time when many regions that are suitable for CSP due to their large levels of solar irradiation. Recent growth in the number of new CSP projects. cogeneration can lower the amount of water required to cool the system. Figure 4. several renewable technologies can be operated in co-generation mode. Any plant that relies on heat generation to produce steam and generate power must also have a means to remove excess heat from the system once the steam has left the turbine. Co-generation can also assist in balancing electricity production from variable renewables. 2008). These typically operate with lower temperature geothermal resources in water form. examples of geothermal co-generation where heat is delivered to district heating grids can be found in Iceland. heat derived from CSP can be used gainfully to dramatically increase the overall efficiency of a CSP system. This can make the CSP plant project more viable. co-generation represents a low-carbon balancing solution.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II meters underground) to the surface of the Earth. © OECD/IEA. each one differing because of the composition of the geothermal resource and the temperature level of the resource: steam only. Using the heat may have the added benefit of reducing the cooling water requirements of a CSP system. heat may be regarded as a by-product of geothermal power production in terms of either waste heat released by the generating units or excess heat from the geothermal source. By finding a use for excess heat from CSP plants. geothermal and concentrating solar power (CSP). One application in which heat from CSP plants could be used is desalination. steam in combination with water and water only. Germany and Turkey. Some of the technologies that will be used for balancing renewables will invariably be fossil-based. which are likely to be sited in water-deprived regions. In high temperature geothermal resources.

This creates variability in their supply to power systems. wave and tidal power. run-ofthe-river hydropower and solar power can all be considered as part of variable renewable electricity (varRE) technologies. should allow for other innovative solutions to be found. Because some renewable technologies introduce an additional element of variability in the system. The fact that co-generation allows two different forms of energy — electricity and heat — to be bridged.carbon intensity . in some markets they have less incentive to produce heat since electricity is a more valuable form of energy. by running gas-fired backup plants in cogeneration mode it is possible to assist in smoothing out the variability due to var-RE while at the same time keeping carbon emissions at a low level — hence. Thus. it makes sense to use the most efficient types of gas-fired plants: co-generation gas-fired plants. Balancing variable renewable electricity production through thermal storage Additional applications of co-generation for variable renewable electricity back up Various strategies can be considered to minimise the potentially disrupting impact of var-RE on the balance between demand and supply of electricity at any given time. Such socalled backup technologies. aggregating different var-RE technologies that have an inverse correlation or better forecasting to allow firm electricity-generating technologies to be scheduled more appropriately (IEA. the argument holds if the heat source being replaced is a high-carbon intensity source of heat. Having spare generating capacity on stand-by is a common strategy to address real-time electricity demand/ supply mismatches. a dynamic balance must constantly be achieved between demand and supply. thereby increasing the viability of var-RE projects. Overall. besides the electricity from gas-fired plants. It would be counter-productive if renewable energy technologies introduced in part to mitigate carbon dioxide emissions end up losing some of their green credentials because of required gas-fired backup systems. These include combining the outputs of a large number of var-RE plants over a large geographical area. More high temperature heat production can equate to less electricity generated and vice versa. the resultant excess heat generated is also put to good use. cogeneration systems coupled with renewable electricity systems can assist in balancing. more useful energy is generated. Wind power. For the same level of carbon emissions. high temperature heat such as for some industrial applications. 2012 Co-generation and variable renewable electricity production .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II . some industrial co-generation operators that have the capacity and might want to export more electricity to improve the economics of their co-generation INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. As it is likely that backup for var-RE will be largely in the form of gas-fired plants. by definition must be capable of changing their level of electricity production at short notice to compensate for temporary supply deficits. the sun does not shine all day and waves do not always crash. Some industrial co-generation plant developers see this as a trade-off. regardless of cause. Under the right conditions.II. whether daily or seasonally. it can be more advantageous for them to maximise electricity production for sale and purchase heat (through buying fuel for boilers) rather than to reduce electricity production in favour of heat production. heat generation from a cogeneration plant can affect its level of electricity generation especially when the heat supplied is high pressure. Financially. Electricity demand also fluctuates.if a large portion of the input energy is wasted. For example. But variability is not a new challenge in power system balancing. the low-carbon solution. Gas plants have relatively high carbon emissions per unit of useful energy generated . Gas-fired plants are already among the most common types of plant used to meet peak load demands. 2008(a)).25 In an electricity system. The carbon intensity of gas-fired plants can be greatly reduced if. Several renewable technologies are inherently variable: the wind does not blow continuously. Gas-fired power plants are some of the fastest to ramp up or down making them good candidates for backing up var-RE. The process of assigning value to heat from power plants increases the overall efficiency. they can be perceived as a less attractive option within a range of energy technology options. Failure to do so will cancel some of the carbon mitigation benefits of introducing renewable energy generation. In other jurisdictions.

Concentrating Solar Power Commercial Application Study: Reducing Water Consumption of Concentrating Solar Power Electricity Generation. DC. Empowering Variable Renewables: Options for Flexible Electricity Systems. is the link it provides between electricity and heat—two forms of energy that when usefully employed greatly improve energy efficiency. 2012 plant are limited by utilities in the amount of electricity they are allowed to export. i. IEA (2009)(b). The reasoning is similar to that of interconnecting various national grids to achieve greater flexibility. Fossil-fuelled plants used to back up these solar-powered plants could. These scenarios are not based on any technical or economic assessment. However. Co-generation and renewables each possess their own set of low-carbon benefits. the fact that heat and electricity generation are coupled means there is a possibility of adjusting electricity production from co-generation to match electricity production from var-RE by producing more or less high temperature heat. In the case of co-generation plants fuelled by renewable energy sources. OECD/IEA Publications. By increasing the efficiency of the latter technologies. but do illustrate the point: by combining electricity generation with heat generation. Paris. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Conclusions In many instances co-generation and renewables complement each other. which produces very little heat as a by-product. Some of the regions with needs for desalination also have plans for increased electricity generation from solar sources. through more efficient use of the fuel. US Department of Energy. these also apply in the case of plants fuelled by other types of fuel. Some of the technologies that will be used for balancing renewables will invariably be fossil-based. Coupling co-generation and renewables makes for a strong proposition since it leads to the supply of both low-carbon electricity and low-carbon heat. While electricity supply is a crucial aspect of the energy debate and will continue to remain as such. © OECD/IEA. 2009(b)). The overall supply of high temperature heat could be kept stable by using heat storage and/or making use of (highefficiency) auxiliary boilers (as in most industrial cogeneration systems). including solar PV. the heat by-product could be fed to desalination plants to produce water. The IEA predicts that desalination capacity in the Middle East and North Africa will grow from 21 million cubic metres (mcm) of water per day in 2007 to 110 mcm per day by 2030 (IEA. which is an unavoidable byproduct. changing the heat supply will also need to be considered. decision makers increasingly realise that heat supply is a sizable part of the energy system. Paris. co-generation increases flexibility in the energy system. when under operation. When a system is larger there is a higher likelihood that a surplus in one part of the system can be balanced by a deficit elsewhere. Several renewable technologies can be operated in co-generation mode. Desalinated water is even easier to store than heat and excess desalinated water produced during the night can be stored to meet daytime needs.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART II However. During the night. the low-carbon benefits of the heat are obvious since they derive from the renewable nature of the fuel. Such plants produce excess heat alongside electricity. Technology Roadmap: Concentrating Solar Power. when fossilfuelled plants are operated to make-up for the lack of electricity production from solar PV plants. When this heat. OECD/IEA Publications. References IEA (2008)(a). The fundamental characteristic that makes cogeneration a viable candidate for backing up var-RE. the main desalination technology (distillation) is heavily energy-intensive due to its heat requirements. IEA (2010)(c). cogeneration represents a low-carbon balancing solution. Outlook 2009. Paris. These include biomass. Both cogeneration and renewables are technologies that are relevant to heat supply. Co-generation can assist in balancing electricity production from variable renewables. adjusting the power to heat ratio based on electricity demand. If the system is to be decarbonised. is used to satisfy an existing heat demand carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions are reduced overall. World Energy OECD/IEA Publications. One example relates to combined water and power (CWP) plants. also be used to support the production of desalinated water. Currently. Washington.26 . . geothermal and concentrating solar power (CSP). using heat from power generation can help lower primary energy sources requirements as opposed to separate power and heat production.II.e. NREL (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) (2008). circumstances vary.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .1 PART III INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.III. 2012 ELECTRICITY DATA OVERVIEW .

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . 2012 0 1973 . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries.III. China) TWh 15000 China 10000 Middle East Non-OECD Europe & Eurasia 5000 OECD Total 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2010 (1) Excludes production from pumped storage. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Mtoe 10000 8000 Nuclear 6000 Natural gas 4000 Oil 2000 Coal 0 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2010 Electricity generation(1) by fuel 25000 Other 20000 Hydro 15000 TWh Nuclear Natural gas 10000 Oil 5000 Coal 0 1973 1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2010 Electricity generation(1) by region 25000 Africa 20000 Non-OECD Americas Asia (excl.3 Figure 1. World electricity and energy production Total production of energy 14000 Biofuels & waste 12000 Hydro/oth.1.

3 3.5 104.4 - 59.8 11.2 - 202.1 12.0 1.3 320.5 - - 19.1 3.4 27.9 9951.3 0.2 3. .8 253.5 Luxembourg 157.8 90.8 3.9 3444.9 6.8 273.3 Canada 608.1 Sweden 148.6 8.0 - 2.1 5.0 81.1 65.3 5.0 260.1 - - 0.5 14.1 225.0 18.9 375.9 6.9 36.8 140.6 14.5 2.0 4.9 New Zealand 44.0 2.1 - 6.0 498.7 6.2 25.8 385.7 444.7 17838.0 0.1 3.9 24.4 3.1 211.9 87.4 1742.5 1781.8 34.0 1.6 21.6 7.3 e 35.7 306.8 3.1 12.7 3801.5 15.0 1.5 0.8 26.4 Netherlands 118.9 0.4 e 45.2 24.2 Iceland 17. (5) Calculated final consumption may differ from observed final consumption due to statistical difference.0 1.9 0. final consumption.0 57.3 1.1 5.7 1.3 7.3 6.2 1.0 498.1 OECD Europe 3640.3 0. 3108. World electricity production.4 9.2 13.2 15.8 4.6 1001.7 0.8 5035.8 106.0 9.1 1.5 6.4 18.2 29.7 2.5 279.6 568.1 - 59.7 18.3 83. exports. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 0.3 401.0 Spain 303.8 90.2 169.4 1.6 8455.2 e Germany 629.6 0.4 1.6 597.8 3.4 8.2 563.9 Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom 381.8 145.9 e 49.6 302.2 8.9 e 10921.1 46.9 620.8 2.0 0.8 10.7 14.0 0.3 - 52.8 Czech Republic 85.8 0.8 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.8 0.III.9 8.7 1863.1 375.5 39.3 30.6 45.0 57.2 29.7 0.9 17.6 4.5 France 569.5 330.8 1.0 1065.8 - 117. consumption (5) OECD Total 10921.2 Austria 71.0 32.1 United States OECD Total (2) Other use refers to used for heat pumps.6 328.7 Ireland 28.2 16.9 1.8 385.9 4.0 43.2 4533. including production from pumped storage.9 Finland 80.3 Italy Japan 1119.0 OECD Asia Oceania 1963.5 2.6 - 4.2 67.4 10343.3 2.1 Estonia 13.3 11.9 4.1 164.0 - 259.6 66.0 44.1.1 4.0 0.4 215.4 1.4 9383.4 50.8 201.4 686.6 12.9 3.9 e 7.8 273.9 Norway 124.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 1.0 114.4 0.4 34.9 14.3 2.3 21511.1 e 19.8 1094.8 1.9 126.0 0.1 14.0 6.7 2.8 65.4 11.7 11.9 Chile 60.1 4.4 - 43.2 674.0 10.8 63.9 10.5 54.1 221.2 Denmark 38.3 4378.2 e - - 42.8 90.4 61.2 Non-OECD Total World 10589.0 0.1 449.4 223.9 12.7 Poland 118.6 507.8 8.5 5.3 2.6 2.8 - - 1.6 299.4 207.6 10.6 2.0 1. imports.9 24.1 19.5 2.7 2.4 .7 15.1 1.6 1.6 4153.1 15.6 83.4 14.7 e 261.2 - 8.6 3.1 64.4 10343.8 4.3 Portugal 54.5 11.4 8.3 7.0 35. electric boilers and pumped storage. traction and lighting purposes.4 686.2 2.2 4.0 59.1 1.7 7.1 3.4 1.7 49.3 27.1 Hungary 37.8 33.2 363.6 - - 15.7 4.0 0. excludes own and other use.5 6.4 129.4 20294.6 Mexico 271.4 11.2 OECD Americas 5317.3 Israel 58.4 32.5 1.6 53.5 112.1 7.5 25.3 11.8 211.9 e 0.1 0.0 589.3 Belgium 95. (4) Electricity consumed by energy industries for heating.8 131.6 0.2 13.6 11.6 2.8 - 39.3 0.0 Greece 57.8 3.3 1.2 0. losses(3) Energy industry (4) Calc.9 Slovak Republic 27.9 0.1 19.9 e Korea 499.6 9.1 1118.1 4.6 14.2 53. 2012 (1) Gross production refers to total main activity producers and autoproducers production.4 9383.7 476.2 4.7 5.4 49.6 6.9 375.9 Australia 241.6 10.8 4.2 87. 2010 (TWh) Gross production (1) Imports Exports Own use Other use (2) Supply Transm.3 4.4 0.5 64.7 - 4.5 469.2 0.1 e Slovenia 16.9 530.0 90.0 14.7 27.2 1.5 20. (3) Includes distribution losses.7 44.0 0.6 9.

3 Eritrea 0.1 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.5 Table 1.6 130.8 0.8 Ecuador 17.8 0.9 1.7 - 7. traction and lighting purposes.9 9.5 Egypt 33.9 32.1 0.9 10.3 Libya 31.1 85.0 - 7.8 3.1 - - 0.0 3.5 2.3 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.6 0.9 1.6 0.5 - 2.0 0.3 2.8 23.5 South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa 16.5 1.0 0.9 - 125.0 0.9 - 0.1 0. World electricity production.2 - 0.8 - 5.8 0. excludes own and other use. final consumption.1 - 6.7 0.8 8.4 437.2 - 0.9 0.2 - 6.4 Morocco 22.2 1.3 - 3.9 - - 0.5 3.0 0.7 21.1 0.5 3.9 - 6.6 - 13.5 - 0.9 - - 0. including production from pumped storage.4 4.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .1 - 54.3 - 5.7 - 4.7 0.6 0.5 - 15.1 UR of Tanzania 4.0 - 0.0 - 0.7 1.2 0.7 0.5 DR of Congo 7. electric boilers and pumped storage.6 0.2 2.6 0.0 - 0.4 - 8.6 4.5 0.0 515.1 0.0 - 0.1 0.9 24.1 80.1 0.3 - 12.5 - 0.7 Tunisia 14.1 - 11.0 0.1 - 1. 15.0 Guatemala 8.0 9.0 - 0.1 0.1 - 9.4 0.1 0.9 56.4 - 13.0 - 8.0 - 15.3 - - 0.3 6.5 - 18.8 - 113. 2012 (4) Electricity consumed by energy industries for heating.8 249.1 13.2 Kenya 7.8 1.7 - 0.7 Dominican Rep.4 - 23.8 4.5 11.5 - 10.6 18.0 0.8 35.5 2.4 - 4.1 0.0 - 0.3 15.0 0.5 - 20.6 0.2 0.3 Ethiopia 5.4 1.1 0.3 - - 0.9 - 16.4 - 545.4 Togo 0.7 7.9 Congo 0.4 259.1 - 9.0 0.0 - 5.8 - 13.9 Senegal 3.2 16.0 - 7.2 25.3 Côte d'Ivoire 6.5 1.1 - 2.1 4.3 0.5 0.0 - 7. losses(3) Energy industry (4) Calc.8 0.5 213.5 Benin 0.4 - - - - 4.8 0.9 0.9 12.4 Nigeria 26. (2) Other use refers to used for heat pumps.9 46.1 5.2 10.III.5 1.7 - 25.4 0.5 - 12.9 - 12.9 - 140.9 - - 0. (3) Includes distribution losses.6 0.6 Angola 5.7 Bolivia Brazil Colombia Costa Rica 9.9 Sudan 7.7 - 6. exports.1 - 1.0 - - 0.6 0.4 0.5 Cuba 17.7 0.6 27.2 0.8 - 6.3 1.5 3.8 2.3 0.3 - 5.1.1 146.9 2.0 0.4 1.3 0.8 - 27.3 - 10.0 0.1 3.5 2.9 - - - 1.1 Cameroon 5.4 557.0 0.3 5.9 0.6 - 4.1 651.5 0. consumption (5) Algeria 45.8 0.1 0. .9 - 7.8 - - 0.7 Mozambique 16.4 Ghana 10.5 - 43.3 0.5 - 3.3 El Salvador 6.9 1.9 - 13.4 - 3.1 3.9 Botswana 0.8 1.1 - 3.0 0.2 (1) Gross production refers to total main activity producers and autoproducers production. imports. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Gross production (1) Imports Exports Own use Other use (2) Supply Transm.3 Africa 667.8 0.4 14.8 Gabon 1.5 - 4.0 - 7.9 0.2 Namibia 1.9 - - 0.7 0.1 - 45.2 0.8 0.7 4.7 Argentina 126.4 0.5 0.2 0. 0.2 - - 3.0 - - 0. (5) Calculated final consumption may differ from observed final consumption due to statistical difference.8 Haiti 0.4 - - 0.3 0.9 13.1 Zambia 11.0 1.5 - 5.

1 Thailand 159.5 - - 0.9 - 39.8 3493.1.2 - 110.4 Paraguay 54.8 0.5 49.6 3.8 - 55.0 0.1 Philippines 67.6 1.7 0.6 - Jamaica 4.2 - 10.5 - - - - 7.1 0.3 17.9 - 41. electric boilers and pumped storage.3 Nepal 3.7 0.7 0.1 - 10. .9 Peru 35.5 0.OECD Amer.4 10.3 5.6 16.9 - 3.2 Chinese Taipei 247. consumption (5) Honduras 6.9 Other Asia 22.7 3.5 1.3 - 0.1 118.6 4.9 162.3 - 3.0 0.4 10.2 0.1 311.2 0.3 Cambodia 1.0 210.3 - 5.2 9.7 Armenia 6.1 0.2 2.3 - 0.7 10.4 0.6 4.4 - 6.7 4.4 - 3.5 - - 2.6 .0 2.4 0.6 106.8 1.6 - - 46.0 48.2 - 3.7 1.6 1044.9 2. World electricity production.3 7. Antilles 1.7 37. 17.7 Azerbaijan 18.6 231.7 174.1 6.2 - 77.2 Asia (excl.6 - 35.2 29.2 - 8.5 - 904.7 - 33.1 - 119.2 - 9.0 2.0 0.0 India 959. 27.0 - - 11.6 8.0 - 3.0 1.8 - - 0.6 2.5 - 3.5 19.3 - 2.7 0.0 0.4 - 40.4 0.1 Albania 7.9 7.6 - 7.8 3. 2012 (4) Electricity consumed by energy industries for heating.2 - 1. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Gross production (1) Imports Exports Own use Other use (2) Supply Transm.8 4.9 - 163.1 0.5 1.1 42.9 - 2.7 0.0 - 6.4 - 10.9 16.4 3.3 1.4 - 36.6 1985.2 - 92.5 0.4 Bosnia and H.2 12.1 61.7 - - 2.0 - 7.9 Mongolia 4.0 3.0 - 96.2 Sri Lanka 10.4 Panama 7.3 - - 0.8 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 - 159.7 - - 4.3 - - 2.4 - 16.1 10.3 11.4 0. losses(3) Energy industry (4) Calc.1 - 6.3 15.2 - 1.6 5.0 0.3 Singapore 45. including production from pumped storage.0 0.9 5.8 1.2 (1) Gross production refers to total main activity producers and autoproducers production.7 311.0 - 6.2 - - 0.5 3.2 3.3 3.1 Indonesia 169.1 7.1 3.6 0.3 Bulgaria 46. final consumption.0 - 12.9 Hong Kong China (Region) 4246.8 0. N.6 21.8 0.3 1.1 0.3 - 35.5 - 9.0 0.0 - 148.9 0.6 3.1 Brunei Darussalam 3.6 1.6 1070. excludes own and other use.9 1.3 1.2 6.0 0. Uruguay Venezuela Other N.4 299.5 0.8 256.8 - 17.9 5.9 218.1 - 43. China) 2081.8 22.6 859.2 3. (2) Other use refers to used for heat pumps.2 38. (3) Includes distribution losses.0 Nicaragua 3.3 - 6.3 Vietnam 94. exports.8 3451.III.9 5.1 - 19.4 0.OECD Amer.0 - 2.0 Trinidad and T.2 87.1 8.0 0.5 Myanmar 7.5 7.4 - 0.1 21.2 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.1 25.7 - 63.3 0.2 1680.8 5.9 - 112.3 1.6 0.3 N. Bangladesh DPR of Korea 5.2 0.5 0.8 2.3 0.3 - 18.6 - 86.9 32.1 2.7 - 4.9 - 3929.1 0.5 0.9 - 693.2 - 42.3 PR of China 4208.6 9.3 0.4 - - - - 45.6 1.5 Belarus 34. imports.1 24.9 - 0.0 1.9 - - 0.9 - 3882. (5) Calculated final consumption may differ from observed final consumption due to statistical difference.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 1.3 0.6 - 31. traction and lighting purposes.1 - 1.7 - 4.5 1.8 - - 5.1 - 2.7 Pakistan 94.2 Malaysia 125.0 - 5.1 23.6 261.8 174.0 - 4.5 9.2 4.1 - 149.

1 1.8 0.4 - 1.5 0.4 1094.7 - 786.2 - - 0.2 0.7 6.2 Malta 2.3 8.Y.5 401.7 - 15.8 21.& Eurasia Bahrain IR of Iran 51. traction and lighting purposes.8 1.5 - 0.8 0.4 - 0.9 Iraq 50.7 0.4 1.6 Kuwait 57. 46.2 188.0 Russian Federation Ukraine Uzbekistan N.8 1.7 - 2.0 620.1 14.1 6.4 1.7 Saudi Arabia Yemen Middle East (1) Gross production refers to total main activity producers and autoproducers production.0 10.1 13.0 0.2 1.8 - 169.0 4.4 52.6 Rep.2 0.8 2.8 - - 0.4 1.1 - 16.1 - 4.0 12.5 9951.8 - - 3.0 - - 6. consumption (5) Croatia 14.3 - 34.4 6.6 2. 2012 (5) Calculated final consumption may differ from observed final consumption due to statistical difference.2 0. excludes own and other use.6 215.1 0.3 0.0 6.2 233.4 - - 0.1 - 221.1.7 - 6.2 - 13.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .7 12.2 0.0 159.3 106.0 UAE 97.2 0.8 27.6 Turkmenistan 16.0 726.4 Cyprus 5. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Gross production (1) Imports Exports Own use Other use (2) Supply Transm.9 0.5 42.1 3.2 0.1 0.7 - 8.5 - 14.8 13.9 2.6 5.0 6.6 240.1 62.7 Serbia 38.7 - 234.6 - 86.6 104.3 2.7 9. Macedonia 7.2 6.5 1.1 3.2 6.9 - 4.R.5 13.2 - 4.0 1.1 6.0 0.1 186.7 - - 10.1 134.7 955.3 - 13.9 - 50.7 1.8 3.3 F.9 1.8 Gibraltar 0.0 5.9 Georgia 10. (4) Electricity consumed by energy industries for heating. of Moldova 3.5 2.2 33.1 6.0 4.0 61.8 - 69.8 1.1 115.9 7.2 18. electric boilers and pumped storage.3 211.2 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.4 - 8.2 Lebanon 15.7 0.1 2.1 Oman 19.1 0.7 41. including production from pumped storage.0 0.III.1 - - 0.0 1.8 - 26.3 1.3 0. 8455.4 - 37.1 0.8 5.2 16.5 Syrian Arab R.3 Qatar 28.0 0.3 1.9 Latvia 6.8 24.5 655.2 0. losses(3) Energy industry (4) Calc.3 7.2 - - 0.4 0.1 0.9 Jordan 14.4 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.1 - 2.2 Romania 60.0 3.1 5.6 - 5.0 34.1 12.3 Montenegro 4.4 0.4 21.0 3.0 6.6 4.9 - 15. exports.OECD E.2 2.9 3.0 2.0 37.9 - 48.2 - - - 17.7 3.2 1.9 6.4 16.0 0.3 Kazakhstan 82.2 85. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 4.2 184.6 5.2 1038.0 - 0.6 56.2 2.4 7.6 0.8 - 24.0 0.6 1.0 Non-OECD Total 10589.1 - 8.1 0. final consumption.7 14.2 1. imports.8 14. .0 8.0 823.7 1210.5 0.6 0.0 - 16.1 - - 1.2 0. (3) Includes distribution losses.9 0.0 1.7 8.7 1700.7 4.0 - 12.1 - - 5.7 1.1 1.3 - 5.9 124.3 7.4 - 0.2 Lithuania 5.8 - 42.7 1.2 Kosovo Kyrgyzstan 15.6 Tajikistan 16.9 0.1 14. (2) Other use refers to used for heat pumps.7 8.2 1554.5 196.2 - - - 56.6 19.2 3.4 1.8 - 5.6 0.1 11.9 - 6.0 34.3 18.8 1.7 Table 1.0 3.7 - 79. World electricity production.

49 - 51. wave.39 2.8 .08 3.17 80.50 10.25 8.69 270.83 696.52 66.03 - 0.50 4.13 1800.05 5.99 45.78 - 2.25 89.19 - 0.63 95.01 2.37 Iceland - 12.77 Non-OECD Total World 467.94 54.51 Poland - 3.14 6.09 Sweden 57.79 Estonia - 0.12 6.43 4378.01 5.82 24.95 51.62 33.11 37.09 14.66 13.94 - 1.06 55.06 Ireland - 0.74 147.93 286.58 71.66 4. by country.67 2. brown coal.20 8.42 24. biogases and liquid biofuels.03 2.89 0.21 10.49 124.22 Korea 148.45 1119.36 0.37 1418.59 302.20 9.52 111.96 6.97 24.65 - 0.82 1338.43 28.88 37.37 0. ocean and other (fuel cells etc).54 10921.74 39.72 - 0.97 Netherlands 118.56 263.71 5.62 1.51 7.55 0.15 74.54 10921.29 2097.50 331.04 58.25 8.23 90.76 0.61 44.92 2756.95 Chile - 21.46 23.10 - 12.37 1418.17 6599.84 0.55 157.80 0.40 1. coal gases.82 Norway - 117.36 381.46 16.76 134.66 67.06 e 6.44 36.00 3.94 341.59 - 9.03 Belgium 47.68 43.68 303.92 - 0.38 - 0.12 5317.33 5.75 - United States 838.83 - 0.66 145.39 2.04 7855. .77 5.49 - 2.17 6599.50 - 3.28 3515.45 308.43 Spain 61.22 288.80 12.08 220.39 15.46 211.63 5.67 France 428.49 - 1.42 Slovak Republic Slovenia Turkey United Kingdom 62.72 0.41 5.61 Israel - 0.35 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries. World gross electricity production.39 0.33 17.60 0.40 148.30 (1) Includes tide.28 11.16 11.44 2.70 OECD Americas OECD Asia Oceania OECD Europe 916.33 21511. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.52 - 5.69 11.45 308.27 217.67 - 2.71 607.91 241.02 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 1.69 27.88 1.47 436.12 Canada 90. peat.03 - 0.60 6.97 0. Note: Including electricity production from pumped storage.37 13.92 0.32 38.19 85.11 - 4.57 3460.49 145.92 155.04 10589. industrial and municipal waste.02 - 7.61 Switzerland 26.70 0.13 100.08 587.92 0.59 4.80 569.59 Mexico 5.66 351.25 60.38 11.22 16.87 46.82 25.87 383.86 5.07 29.47 - 0.92 0.47 - 0.13 Australia Austria - 41.14 Czech Republic Greece Hungary Luxembourg 3.47 - 1.12 1.70 - 0.63 7.11 2.98 - 7.08 2.83 - 11.34 37.89 6.17 22.61 New Zealand - 24.83 66.54 18.10 14454.94 1.10 Germany 140.56 27.45 37.76 706.78 1963.57 5.III.68 2.11 58. 3640.89 11.91 Denmark - 0.77 935.03 52.81 218.2.15 75.00 e 3060.74 180. (2) Includes hard coal.44 368.66 Portugal - 16.74 12.32 28.58 OECD Total 2288.87 628.51 - 1.11 499.06 Japan 288.40 25.13 4.21 101.82 - 51. oil products and natural gas.00 2.32 57.56 263.43 67. 2010 (TWh) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar/ wind(1) Fossil fuels(2) Biofuels & waste (3) Total OECD Total 2288. 2012 (3) Includes wood/wood waste/other solid waste. by source.70 68.57 Italy - 54.68 43.44 139.00 - 17.96 Finland 22.

75 - 26.72 - 5.40 Dominican Rep.62 - - 4.13 - 0.03 - 11.56 DR of Congo - 7.00 0.83 0.18 0.29 - 2.61 - 14.17 - - 45. 0.61 Morocco - 3.88 31.43 1.41 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.99 Egypt - 13.44 Togo - 0.2.00 4.83 667.50 Libya - - - - 31.05 2.99 0.09 0. wave.93 - - 0.57 - - 1.22 - 1.02 2.25 - 0.43 - - 0.61 - 31.58 0. (3) Includes wood/wood waste/other solid waste. brown coal.13 Tunisia - 0.52 0. World gross electricity production.66 18.65 - - 0.28 5.50 56.05 - 1.02 15.46 1.03 - 8.20 - 2.91 Ecuador - 8.67 1. biogases and liquid biofuels.56 63.15 9.06 - - 4.31 - 0.27 - - 0. by country.10 108.54 0.59 (1) Includes tide.III.16 6.46 Cameroon - 4.88 Côte d'Ivoire - 1.92 - 0. ocean and other (fuel cells etc).05 - 0.18 0.18 - 0.64 0.31 Zimbabwe - 4.61 126.85 - - 0.54 - - 1.34 8.51 - 16.51 540.80 Colombia - 40.84 UR of Tanzania - 2.64 - 0.05 2.08 1. (2) Includes hard coal.15 Botswana - - - - 0.27 0.04 15.29 0.41 515.26 Benin - - - - 0.93 0.31 - 0. peat.10 5.02 - 0.90 Congo - 0.05 242.26 - - 0.37 - 10.98 12.48 17.10 0.9 Table 1.85 0.67 Namibia - 1.47 2.36 0.47 Mozambique - 16.80 Zambia - 11.69 El Salvador - 2.26 - - 1.45 0.79 - - 14.93 12.46 17. - 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.00 0. .06 5.88 14.17 33.80 Eritrea - - - 0.32 7.52 403.49 Nigeria - 6.58 Cuba - 0.10 - 0. oil products and natural gas.26 - 146.86 - 4.39 - 45.04 - 7.03 - 4.90 7. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar/ wind(1) Fossil fuels(2) Biofuels & waste (3) Total Algeria - 0.92 2.93 Ghana - 7.00 - 7.83 South Africa Africa Argentina Bolivia Brazil Haiti 0.29 0.15 0.01 16.26 1.12 Senegal - 0.09 Other Africa - 6.01 1.14 14.98 Gabon - 0.46 - 0.08 0. 2012 Note: Including electricity production from pumped storage.28 259. coal gases.98 Guatemala - 3.31 Ethiopia - 4.60 Sudan - 3.27 - 2.84 - - 4.03 0.00 0. by source.56 Angola - 3.79 Costa Rica - 7.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .49 132. industrial and municipal waste.37 - - 19.62 0.17 Kenya - 3.04 83.11 5.53 - 2.57 0.63 - 0.10 - - 0.02 - 16.40 - 0.18 - 22.09 - 0.00 8.11 10.00 - - 1.

36 - 142.66 Panama - 4.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 1.67 Malaysia - 6.18 0. - - - - 8.01 1.56 - 7.56 - 0.92 0.16 45.05 3. brown coal.26 - 1.01 67.78 2.00 0. peat.92 - 17.06 49.49 - 8.53 1.89 Trinidad and T.57 3.26 - 18. (3) Includes wood/wood waste/other solid waste. 46.89 10.25 5.09 PR of China 73. China) 71.71 24.99 Bangladesh - 1.10 - 17. 21.95 0. 2012 Note: Including electricity production from pumped storage.48 - 4.22 - 94.93 0.49 35.41 4246.37 11.05 - 0.50 0.11 - 10.07 7.00 34.90 Bosnia and H.42 - 19.55 - - 67.27 114.27 37.26 - - - 0.30 1695. oil products and natural gas.83 1069.29 21.68 9.49 Uruguay - 8.88 722.08 - 0.28 125.00 - 3.24 2.45 - 0.74 Singapore - - - - 44.17 0.12 Bulgaria 15. by source.97 - - 3.04 - 0.44 - 7. by country.10 169.32 261.37 Sri Lanka - 5.58 Hong Kong China (Region) Albania Armenia 2.11 118.OECD Amer.66 0.93 0.88 722. World gross electricity production.06 94.49 2. (2) Includes hard coal.17 45.16 2.07 1.48 Myanmar - 5.29 Nicaragua - 0. biogases and liquid biofuels.03 - 0.27 3.11 - - 2.52 Vietnam - 27.63 - 0.30 0.49 Paraguay - 54. - 8.42 31.2. wave.73 35.56 3393.76 Jamaica - 0.02 5.10 .21 3.41 4208.02 150.56 3355.17 0. industrial and municipal waste.20 1.16 39. coal gases.69 672. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar/ wind(1) Fossil fuels(2) Biofuels & waste (3) Total Honduras - 2. ocean and other (fuel cells etc).71 Belarus - 0.81 Venezuela Other N.00 0.07 Peru - 20.00 15.04 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.66 - - 40.45 Philippines - 7.10 - - 41.16 45.00 - 7.17 6.99 26.64 0.58 - - 0.60 3.III.29 Mongolia - - - - 4.35 Brunei Darussalam - - - - 3.15 - 0.39 159.79 India Indonesia DPR of Korea - 13.46 3.67 - 0.39 3.12 0.54 0.65 (1) Includes tide.31 0.80 9.44 - 6.00 38.69 - 42.02 0.65 247.74 2081.93 797.92 - 22.23 0.63 7.21 34.30 73.08 11.00 - 54.06 4.00 193. .00 Thailand - 5.19 N.97 0.49 Azerbaijan - 3.63 0.47 - - 117. - 76.54 Nepal - 3.26 7.06 959.76 Pakistan Chinese Taipei 41.81 - - 59.30 0.41 - - 8.90 Other Asia - 14.03 - - 9.21 0.07 - - 0.30 329.64 19.25 Asia (excl.20 - - 0.29 - 1.69 0.00 15.19 - - 3.27 - 21.80 11. Antilles - - - - 1.86 Cambodia - 0.29 - 38.OECD Amer.86 - 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.42 N.

57 - 16.02 - 11.41 UAE - - - - 97.90 0.12 Kazakhstan - 8.15 5.41 Turkmenistan - 0.82 Qatar - - - - 28.63 Lithuania - 1.23 IR of Iran - 9.94 2.26 Gibraltar - - - - 0.99 0.83 - 7. .10 Tajikistan - 15.26 0.33 - - 1.07 Syrian Arab R.47 3.03 5.15 - 0.57 - - 25.11 - 2.28 188.17 805.2.01 14.69 51.25 0.R.10 67. oil products and natural gas.83 0.75 - 0.18 - 0.96 Iraq - 4.52 - 0.11 60.00 - - 16.41 3.51 0.28 24.47 - 3.59 - - 43.& Eurasia 288.18 Malta - - - - 2.80 Non-OECD Total 467.62 170.76 - 7.78 Kuwait - - - - 57. by country. 2010 (continued) (TWh) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar/ wind(1) Fossil fuels(2) Biofuels & waste (3) Total Croatia - 8. of Moldova - 0. coal gases.50 0.76 Middle East - 17.62 - 82.53 - 0.30 - 0.OECD E.73 - 97.10 5.71 Oman - - - - 19.03 40.27 - 4.70 0.50 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.15 13.14 5.40 - 50.03 Serbia - 12.17 Romania 11.51 2.93 10. 10589. - 2.37 - - 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.16 - 0.10 85. (3) Includes wood/wood waste/other solid waste.15 1.99 Russian Federation Bahrain - - - - 13.62 19.66 - 16. (2) Includes hard coal.00 14.82 - 19.40 0.66 Ukraine 89.23 - 13. peat.44 - 0.42 168.08 - - 3.17 Kyrgyzstan - 10.11 Cyprus - - - 0. brown coal.17 Jordan - 0.73 Yemen - - - - 7.76 - 10.01 823.16 223.14 Saudi Arabia - - - - 240. biogases and liquid biofuels.78 - 0.58 Uzbekistan N.03 - 57.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . 2012 Note: Including electricity production from pumped storage. Macedonia - 2. industrial and municipal waste.00 5.71 1699. by source.11 Rep.56 Montenegro - 2.31 28.92 2097.11 Table 1.87 7855.03 14.87 1090.33 (1) Includes tide.75 F.43 - - 4.85 - - 0.Y.07 - 240.77 - - 45. wave.01 232.00 695.38 Georgia - 9.84 314.05 2.88 - 0.53 - 38.07 6.02 - - 74.42 0.87 - 15.01 - 5.III.77 1038.82 - 46.06 - 0. ocean and other (fuel cells etc).35 Latvia - 3.65 Kosovo - 0.14 - 28.70 74.84 0.84 - - 14. World gross electricity production.03 Lebanon - 0.71 0.

40 96.12 0.83 - 0.06 2.02 - 0.40 96.91 60.33 France 23.59 - - 3.37 - - 0.96 2544.23 1.20 4.77 - - - - 0.00 2.75 7.35 3.21 25.40 51.73 308.28 14.61 17.45 1.62 9.73 308.76 1.02 - 0.67 2.30 155.06 41.15 107.98 2.01 11.51 0.91 329.05 Mexico 31.00 4.15 0.33 97.94 196.77 - 4.92 70.05 1.70 1367. 1.35 - 3.28 - 0.92 8.90 0.54 6.07 - 0.01 - - 0.07 11.01 5.26 0.10 145.99 4.28 0.71 0. waste waste liq.24 12.94 103.96 2544.47 10.26 0. World gross electricity production from combustible fuels.51 Poland 87.36 - - 2.29 87.52 5.17 18.51 0.70 21.32 - 1.48 0.03 58.10 4.46 55.15 0. 2012 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.89 0.97 0.10 6.22 20.45 79.26 10.07 24.71 - 0.14 121.04 0.75 4.58 70.44 846.60 2.12 0.88 140.02 6.37 16.79 10.73 - - 0.41 31.16 1.10 6863.11 - - 0.03 4.90 3135.40 2.46 .03 0.66 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 1.44 0.57 0.87 42.29 0.84 155.33 30.85 0.00 5.04 0.16 0.65 0.59 0.56 96.53 Norway 0.86 0.40 152.84 3549.12 .58 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD Total 3097.21 3. Fuels OECD Total 3097.08 62.III.15 3.82 2225.04 0.22 0. biof.27 6.68 157.89 OECD Asia Oceania 627.10 0.82 57.37 16.84 43.14 - 57.15 21.89 223.21 0.71 152.01 0.13 - 0.31 1.04 0.92 7.55 48.89 4. Comb.58 0.94 48.51 157.84 1.01 0.52 2.55 56.61 Greece 0.27 - - 16.21 0.51 Luxembourg Portugal 7.51 9.66 Finland 14.42 2.55 49.87 - 9.84 0.16 36.05 0.40 35.92 2741.99 16.02 34.13 543.05 - - 2.74 2.01 - 0.77 2.10 Non-OECD Total World 2692.08 109.07 1.58 0.49 11.47 38.27 0.86 987.88 10.05 3.23 61.18 0.45 36.70 124.56 1945.58 Czech Republic 16.21 1.24 0.00 Denmark Germany Iceland Ireland Israel 4.93 23.02 1903.29 5.91 3. .53 - 4.93 - 1.92 36.40 Canada 17.53 0.03 0.06 3.54 16.09 9.73 19.10 6863.06 0.50 Italy - - - - 0.40 0.18 1.13 543.92 - - 0.49 0.13 - 0.00 - - - - - 0.52 16.04 Hungary 0.23 9.71 - 4.61 9.75 0.01 14.36 408.65 - 1.85 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.14 - 2.86 175.10 145.10 OECD Americas 1969.01 12.36 - - 7.73 1.24 678.01 18.96 5.3.76 0.37 - - 6.69 2.95 Slovak Republic 1.77 145.60 14785.20 - 3.94 - - 0.10 4.89 - - - - 0.95 1.06 0.07 11.09 5.19 - - 1.40 49.23 9.68 2. Biogases Tot.25 - 0.68 27.10 5789..08 Netherlands 22.29 - - 0.82 23. Municip.41 0.86 New Zealand 1.24 0.10 27.48 56.83 34.01 0.00 0.07 6.18 - 0.09 44.39 9.62 - 729.43 230.00 9.04 - - 0.50 7922.63 5.43 30.98 - - - 0.92 - - 1.55 0.12 20.16 - - 40.95 - 0.83 107.33 1.10 - - - 3.23 2197.30 0.58 - - 0.31 50.21 4769.61 0.91 0.95 Estonia - 11.74 302.23 0.87 - - - 8.96 Chile 16.56 0.07 1.82 57.03 7.80 5.23 0.60 2.13 Japan 264.83 10.25 74.19 1.92 Korea 203.01 0.60 43.18 98.83 1221.52 5.96 1.12 0.48 11.04 0.19 47.69 117.57 0.05 - 3.07 0.53 342.36 Australia Austria Belgium 4.26 0.01 0.90 2.57 Slovenia 0.78 0.22 3.55 49.65 144.37 OECD Europe 499.70 475.70 - - 1.11 220.79 1.36 86.62 2.01 0. 2010 (TWh) Hard Coal Brown Peat Oil Gases Natural Gas Wood Indust.14 0. by country.05 0.64 53.96 - - 0.45 304.09 1017.25 - - - 38.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.13

Table 1.3. World gross electricity production from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(TWh)
Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Gases

Wood

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Algeria

-

-

-

-

0.96

44.42

-

-

-

-

45.39

Angola

-

-

-

-

1.72

-

-

-

-

-

1.72

Benin

-

-

-

-

0.15

-

0.00

-

-

-

0.15

Botswana

0.46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.46

Cameroon

-

-

-

-

1.16

0.42

0.06

-

-

-

1.64

Congo

-

-

-

-

0.01

0.12

-

-

-

-

0.13

DR of Congo

-

-

-

-

0.01

0.03

-

-

-

-

0.04

Côte d'Ivoire

-

-

-

-

0.01

4.26

0.11

-

-

-

4.38

Egypt

-

-

-

-

30.99

101.28

-

-

-

-

132.26

Eritrea

-

-

-

-

0.31

-

-

-

-

-

0.31

Ethiopia

-

-

-

-

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

0.03

Gabon

-

-

-

-

0.53

0.46

0.01

-

-

-

0.99

Ghana

-

-

-

-

1.37

-

-

-

-

-

1.37

Kenya

-

-

-

-

2.29

-

0.32

-

-

-

2.60

Libya
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nigeria
Senegal
South Africa

-

-

-

-

18.66

12.96

-

-

-

-

31.61

11.09

-

-

-

4.94

2.15

-

-

-

-

18.18
0.02

-

-

-

-

0.00

0.02

-

-

-

-

0.22

-

-

-

0.01

-

-

-

-

-

0.22

-

-

-

-

2.95

16.79

-

-

-

-

19.75

-

-

-

-

2.57

0.05

0.05

-

-

-

2.68

241.88

-

-

-

0.20

-

0.28

-

-

-

242.36

-

-

-

-

4.00

-

-

-

-

-

4.00

0.13

-

-

-

0.04

1.69

-

-

-

-

1.86

Togo

-

-

-

-

0.03

-

0.00

-

-

-

0.03

Tunisia

-

-

-

-

0.00

14.60

-

-

-

-

14.61

Zambia

0.00

-

-

-

0.03

-

-

-

-

-

0.03

Zimbabwe

4.00

-

-

-

0.02

-

-

-

-

-

4.03

Other Africa

2.16

-

-

-

8.21

0.14

-

-

-

-

10.51

259.93

-

-

-

81.21

199.39

0.83

-

-

-

541.35

2.24

-

-

1.09

15.09

65.04

1.61

-

-

-

85.07

-

-

-

-

0.13

4.41

0.16

-

-

-

4.70

Brazil

0.85

6.20

-

4.30

16.07

36.48

31.41

-

-

-

95.29

Colombia

16.35

Sudan
UR of Tanzania

Africa
Argentina
Bolivia

3.70

-

-

0.06

0.50

11.60

0.50

-

-

-

Costa Rica

-

-

-

-

0.64

-

0.15

-

-

-

0.79

Cuba

-

-

-

-

14.56

2.27

0.46

-

-

-

17.29

1.87

-

-

-

8.87

3.35

0.02

-

-

-

14.12

Ecuador

-

-

-

-

6.33

2.24

0.48

-

-

-

9.05

El Salvador

-

-

-

-

2.09

-

0.28

-

-

-

2.37

Guatemala

1.23

-

-

-

1.69

-

2.34

-

-

-

5.27

-

0.41

Dominican Rep.

Haiti
0.41
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Hard

III.14 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 1.3. World gross electricity production from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(TWh)
Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood

Gases

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Honduras

-

-

-

-

3.63

-

0.17

-

-

-

3.80

Jamaica

-

-

-

-

3.93

-

0.06

-

-

-

3.99

N. Antilles

-

-

-

-

1.29

-

-

-

-

-

1.29

Nicaragua

-

-

-

-

2.31

-

0.39

-

-

-

2.69

Panama

-

-

-

-

3.23

-

0.07

-

-

-

3.30

Paraguay

-

-

-

-

0.00

-

-

-

-

-

0.00

0.86

-

-

-

2.03

12.24

0.73

-

-

-

15.85

Trinidad and T.

-

-

-

-

0.02

8.46

-

-

-

-

8.49

Uruguay

-

-

-

-

1.11

0.07

0.89

-

-

-

2.07

Venezuela

-

-

-

-

17.92

23.57

-

-

-

-

41.49

Peru

Other N.OECD Amer.
N.OECD Amer.
Bangladesh
Brunei Darussalam
Cambodia
India

-

-

-

-

31.84

3.37

0.11

-

-

-

35.32

10.74

6.20

-

5.44

133.69

173.08

39.83

-

-

-

368.98

0.64

-

-

-

1.96

38.09

-

-

-

-

40.69

-

-

-

-

0.04

3.82

-

-

-

-

3.86

-

0.03

-

-

0.91

-

0.02

-

-

-

0.97

631.14

21.09

-

0.78

26.44

117.79

2.06

-

-

-

799.29
142.75

-

68.11

-

-

34.51

40.04

0.10

-

-

-

6.87

0.83

-

-

0.57

-

-

-

-

-

8.27

42.84

-

-

0.23

3.67

70.80

1.27

-

0.01

0.00

118.82

Mongolia

-

4.30

-

-

0.18

-

-

-

-

-

4.48

Myanmar

0.67

-

-

-

0.03

1.73

-

-

-

-

2.44

-

-

-

-

0.00

-

-

-

-

-

0.00

0.09

-

-

-

33.26

25.88

-

-

-

-

59.22

Philippines

19.18

4.12

-

-

7.10

19.52

0.01

-

-

-

49.93

Singapore

-

-

-

-

8.49

35.71

-

-

1.17

-

45.37

Indonesia
DPR of Korea
Malaysia

Nepal
Pakistan

-

-

-

-

5.11

-

-

-

-

-

5.11

114.18

7.95

-

3.15

10.85

57.34

0.61

-

3.05

-

197.11

Thailand

14.03

16.02

-

-

1.18

119.35

3.17

-

-

0.21

153.96

Vietnam

19.69

-

-

-

4.01

43.60

0.06

-

-

-

67.35

0.33

-

-

-

6.70

0.89

-

-

-

-

7.92

849.64

122.45

-

4.16

145.00

574.55

7.29

-

4.23

0.22

1707.53

1313.28

1918.84

-

40.68

13.26

69.03

2.34

9.06

-

-

3366.49

23.79

-

-

-

0.11

14.40

-

-

-

-

38.29

1337.07

1918.84

-

40.68

13.37

83.42

2.34

9.06

-

-

3404.78

Albania

-

-

-

-

0.00

-

-

-

-

-

0.00

Armenia

-

-

-

-

-

1.44

-

-

-

-

1.44

Azerbaijan

-

-

-

-

0.03

15.23

-

-

-

-

15.26

Belarus

-

0.01

0.01

-

0.71

33.90

0.08

0.13

-

0.01

34.85

Bosnia and H.

-

8.99

-

-

0.05

0.05

-

-

-

-

9.10

Bulgaria
5.22
17.39
0.39
1.97
0.02
0.02
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

25.00

Sri Lanka
Chinese Taipei

Other Asia
Asia (excl. China)
PR of China
Hong Kong
China (Region)

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Hard

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.15

Table 1.3. World gross electricity production from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(TWh)
Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood

Gases

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Croatia

2.36

0.02

-

-

0.56

2.55

0.00

-

-

0.03

5.53

Cyprus

-

-

-

-

5.25

-

-

-

-

0.03

5.28

Georgia

-

-

-

-

0.03

0.73

-

-

-

-

0.76

66.66

-

-

-

0.62

7.35

-

-

-

-

74.62

-

4.99

-

-

0.02

-

-

-

-

-

5.01

Kyrgyzstan

0.26

-

-

-

-

0.76

-

-

-

-

1.02

Latvia

0.00

-

-

-

0.00

2.99

0.01

-

-

0.06

3.06

Lithuania

-

-

-

-

0.65

3.19

0.12

-

-

0.03

3.98

F.Y.R. Macedonia

-

4.74

-

-

0.06

0.03

-

-

-

-

4.83

Gibraltar

-

-

-

-

0.18

-

-

-

-

-

0.18

Malta

-

-

-

-

2.11

-

-

-

-

-

2.11

Rep. of Moldova

-

-

-

-

0.03

3.45

-

-

-

-

3.47

Montenegro

-

1.27

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.27

Romania

-

20.68

-

0.06

0.69

7.26

0.11

-

-

0.00

28.81

93.16

65.20

0.49

7.24

9.31

520.53

0.04

2.74

-

-

698.71

0.00

25.02

-

0.07

0.11

0.33

-

-

-

-

25.53

Tajikistan

-

-

-

-

-

0.57

-

-

-

-

0.57

Turkmenistan

-

-

-

-

-

16.66

-

-

-

-

16.66

67.05

-

-

2.51

0.67

15.68

0.28

-

-

-

86.18

-

2.11

-

-

0.76

38.00

-

-

-

-

40.87
1094.10

Kazakhstan
Kosovo

Russian Federation
Serbia

Ukraine
Uzbekistan
N.OECD E.& Eurasia

234.71

150.43

0.51

9.89

22.24

672.63

0.65

2.86

x

0.18

Bahrain

-

-

-

-

-

13.23

-

-

-

-

13.23

IR of Iran

-

-

-

0.35

46.03

176.88

-

-

-

0.01

223.27

Iraq

-

-

-

-

17.22

28.18

-

-

-

-

45.40

Jordan

-

-

-

-

5.38

9.32

-

-

-

0.01

14.72

Kuwait

-

-

-

-

42.52

14.51

-

-

-

-

57.03

Lebanon

-

-

-

-

13.89

0.99

-

-

-

-

14.87

Oman

-

-

-

-

3.57

16.25

-

-

-

-

19.82

Qatar

-

-

-

-

-

28.14

-

-

-

-

28.14

Saudi Arabia

-

-

-

-

129.29

110.77

-

-

-

-

240.07

Syrian Arab R.

-

-

-

-

18.31

25.51

-

-

-

-

43.82

UAE

-

-

-

-

1.44

96.29

-

-

-

-

97.73

Yemen

-

-

-

-

5.70

2.06

-

-

-

-

7.76

Middle East

-

-

-

0.35

283.35

522.14

-

-

-

0.01

805.85

Non-OECD Total
2692.10
2197.92
0.51
60.51
678.86
2225.21
50.94
11.93
4.23
0.40
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

7922.60

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Hard

III.16 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 1.4. Gross heat production(1) from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010
(PJ)
Hard
OECD Total
Non-OECD Total
World

Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil
Gases

Natural
Gas

Wood

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

711.33

121.62

46.87

44.60

266.54

1430.64

321.57

21.03

202.72

22.85

3196.62

3897.31
4608.63

470.73
592.34

5.22
52.08

409.20
453.81

510.80
777.35

5166.90
6597.54

85.43
407.00

108.12
129.14

x
202.72

0.18
23.03

10653.88
13850.50

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.58

-

-

0.49

7.46

35.05

26.81

0.71

5.17

0.68

78.95

Belgium

-

-

-

-

0.52

31.44

0.29

0.33

2.56

0.35

35.49

Canada

-

-

-

-

1.09

15.71

-

-

2.11

0.04

18.95

Chile

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Czech Republic

29.43

54.10

-

6.82

1.81

30.83

2.46

0.26

1.75

0.26

127.71

Denmark

147.07

Australia
Austria

36.05

-

-

-

4.50

44.63

37.03

-

23.80

1.05

Estonia

0.02

3.61

1.38

1.93

1.75

10.89

5.89

-

-

0.06

25.55

Finland

32.06

0.01

37.68

1.25

14.16

51.04

64.16

0.88

3.79

0.35

205.39

France
Germany

10.86

-

-

1.07

34.77

84.26

-

-

22.52

-

153.48

130.16

39.02

-

0.17

8.14

256.77

15.87

9.01

47.25

1.84

515.08

-

1.91

-

-

0.04

-

-

-

-

-

1.94

2.26

1.13

-

3.66

0.21

41.47

2.36

-

1.08

0.12

52.29

Iceland

-

-

-

-

0.01

-

-

-

0.03

-

0.04

Ireland

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Israel

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1.29

-

-

0.97

60.27

128.83

6.16

-

5.17

2.07

204.75

Greece
Hungary

Italy
Japan

-

-

-

-

0.73

14.93

-

0.02

-

5.06

20.74

Korea

53.34

-

-

-

52.72

61.77

1.08

2.07

16.44

0.52

187.93

Luxembourg

-

-

-

-

0.01

1.10

0.04

-

-

0.03

1.18

Mexico

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17.17

-

-

2.90

5.34

109.82

2.05

-

9.42

0.28

146.99

Netherlands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Norway

0.24

-

-

0.02

2.98

0.78

3.24

0.75

5.63

0.12

13.75

Poland

283.16

6.32

-

11.68

6.57

21.56

11.48

2.23

0.25

0.75

344.00

New Zealand

-

-

-

-

2.86

18.21

-

-

-

-

21.07

Slovak Republic

2.82

8.79

-

0.17

6.38

23.42

4.06

0.07

0.10

0.07

45.87

Slovenia

0.06

5.96

-

-

0.19

2.60

0.75

-

-

0.19

9.76

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

7.44

-

7.80

4.70

14.98

18.79

109.50

0.53

33.19

7.13

204.06

Portugal

Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey

-

-

-

-

0.15

4.46

1.39

0.37

11.09

0.00

17.46

0.09

0.78

-

-

0.94

49.32

-

-

-

-

51.12

7.13

-

-

1.23

1.61

47.74

-

-

-

-

57.71

United States

95.15

-

-

7.54

36.38

325.22

26.95

3.81

11.36

1.88

508.29

OECD Total

711.33

121.62

46.87

44.60

266.54

1430.64

321.57

21.03

202.72

22.85

3196.62

OECD Americas

95.15

-

-

7.54

37.46

340.93

26.95

3.81

13.47

1.92

527.24

OECD Asia Oceania

53.34

-

-

-

53.44

76.70

1.08

2.09

16.44

5.57

208.67

562.83

121.62

46.87

37.06

175.64

1013.01

293.54

15.13

172.80

15.36

2460.71

United Kingdom

OECD Europe

(1) Production in industry for own use is not included.
Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions in the introduction.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.17

Table 1.4. Gross heat production(1) from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard

Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood

Gases

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Algeria

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Angola

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Benin

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Botswana

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cameroon

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Congo

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

DR of Congo

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Côte d'Ivoire

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Egypt

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Eritrea

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ethiopia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Gabon

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ghana

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Kenya

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Libya

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Morocco

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mozambique

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Namibia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nigeria

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Senegal

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

South Africa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sudan

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

UR of Tanzania

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Togo

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Tunisia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Zambia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Zimbabwe

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Other Africa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Africa

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Argentina

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bolivia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Brazil

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Colombia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Costa Rica

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cuba

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dominican Rep.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Ecuador

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

El Salvador

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guatemala

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Haiti
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

(1) Production in industry for own use is not included.
Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions in the introduction.

III.18 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 1.4. Gross heat production(1) from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard

Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood

Gases

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Honduras

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Jamaica

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

N. Antilles

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nicaragua

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Panama

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Paraguay

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Peru

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Trinidad and T.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Uruguay

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Venezuela

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Other N.OECD Amer.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

N.OECD Amer.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bangladesh

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Brunei Darussalam

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Cambodia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

India

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Indonesia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

DPR of Korea

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Malaysia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mongolia

-

34.91

-

-

0.10

-

-

-

-

-

35.01

Myanmar

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nepal

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Pakistan

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Philippines

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Singapore

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sri Lanka

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Chinese Taipei

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Thailand

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Vietnam

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Other Asia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Asia (excl. China)

-

34.91

-

-

0.10

-

-

-

-

-

35.01

2711.30

1.50

-

236.95

143.66

91.57

11.83

22.08

-

-

3218.88

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2711.30

1.50

-

236.95

143.66

91.57

11.83

22.08

-

-

3218.88

PR of China
Hong Kong
China (Region)
Albania

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Armenia

-

-

-

-

-

0.49

-

-

-

-

0.49

Azerbaijan
Belarus
Bosnia and H.

-

-

-

-

0.60

13.90

-

-

-

-

14.50

0.48

1.70

1.95

-

9.54

246.05

16.76

1.72

-

0.02

278.22

-

3.09

-

-

1.16

1.61

0.14

-

-

-

6.00

-

56.12

Bulgaria
13.37
8.42
5.28
28.98
0.08
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

(1) Production in industry for own use is not included.
Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions in the introduction.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.19

Table 1.4. Gross heat production(1) from combustible fuels,
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard

Coal
Brown
Peat

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood

Gases

Indust. Municip. Biogases Tot. Comb.
waste
waste liq. biof.
Fuels

Croatia

-

-

-

-

2.70

9.74

-

-

-

0.06

Cyprus

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Georgia

-

-

-

-

-

1.92

-

-

-

-

1.92

382.94

19.45

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

402.39

-

-

-

-

0.23

-

-

-

-

-

0.23

Kyrgyzstan

2.72

-

-

-

-

6.03

-

-

-

-

8.74

Latvia

0.38

-

0.01

-

0.64

23.33

4.24

-

-

0.05

28.65

Lithuania

Kazakhstan
Kosovo

12.50

0.12

-

0.08

-

1.47

30.48

7.77

-

-

0.02

39.93

F.Y.R. Macedonia

-

0.20

-

-

2.42

2.34

0.05

-

-

-

4.99

Gibraltar

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Malta

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0.06

-

-

-

0.67

11.11

0.00

0.19

-

-

12.04

Rep. of Moldova
Montenegro

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Romania

-

24.85

-

0.35

9.05

63.35

1.46

0.01

-

0.02

99.10

742.97

366.95

2.99

119.32

312.03

4009.86

35.73

83.81

-

-

5673.67

Serbia

-

4.60

-

3.20

11.20

18.47

0.07

0.30

-

-

37.85

Tajikistan

-

-

-

-

-

3.65

-

-

-

-

3.65

Turkmenistan

-

-

-

-

-

8.04

-

-

-

-

8.04

42.97

0.37

0.19

49.38

8.36

507.32

7.30

-

-

-

615.90

Russian Federation

Ukraine

-

4.70

-

-

1.69

88.66

-

-

-

-

95.05

1186.00

434.32

5.22

172.25

367.05

5075.34

73.60

86.03

x

0.18

7399.98

Bahrain

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

IR of Iran

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Iraq

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Jordan

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Kuwait

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Lebanon

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Oman

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Qatar

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Saudi Arabia

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Syrian Arab R.

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

UAE

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yemen

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Middle East

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Non-OECD Total
3897.31
470.73
5.22
409.20
510.80
5166.90
85.43
108.12
x
0.18
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries.

10653.88

Uzbekistan
N.OECD E.& Eurasia

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

(1) Production in industry for own use is not included.
Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions in the introduction.

III.20 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 1.5. World fuel use for electricity and heat production,(1)
by country, 2010
(PJ)
Hard

Coal
Brown
Peat

Gases

Oil

Natural
Gas

Wood Indust. Municip. Biogases
waste
waste liq. biof.

Total

OECD Total

29969.8

5660.1

118.5

914.2

2990.3

19707.1

1687.9

144.0

989.6

626.1

62807.4

Non-OECD Total
World

30705.1
60675.0

23358.7
29018.8

11.6
130.1

1147.5
2061.7

8344.9
11335.2

26490.3
46197.4

742.5
2430.3

307.3
451.3

60.9
1050.5

4.2
630.2

91173.0
153980.4

Australia

2348.2

1180.0

704.5

-

1.4

35.8

351.5

65.0

-

-

10.0

Austria

42.4

-

-

16.8

17.8

119.4

61.4

3.8

13.8

7.0

282.5

Belgium

39.9

-

-

15.8

3.5

221.6

26.1

9.0

30.9

6.2

352.9

Canada

174.2

682.5

-

c

76.6

482.0

74.0

-

5.2

7.0

1501.5

Chile

161.5

-

-

-

73.4

73.4

15.4

-

-

-

323.6

88.3

487.2

-

30.5

4.2

42.9

16.6

1.0

2.9

5.1

678.6

158.6

-

-

-

11.9

85.5

57.3

-

36.0

3.3

352.5

Estonia

0.0

126.1

2.1

6.1

2.6

14.4

11.1

-

-

0.1

162.6

Finland

140.6

0.2

83.3

7.8

18.3

104.1

130.5

1.4

7.9

1.0

495.1

Czech Republic
Denmark

France

225.5

-

-

27.5

93.8

314.9

21.2

-

77.3

12.4

772.5

1135.6

1401.7

-

89.1

76.3

827.8

164.2

30.6

183.0

285.5

4193.8

Greece

4.3

316.4

-

-

62.2 e

86.3

-

1.3

-

2.0

472.5 e

Hungary

238.9

Germany

6.8

63.8

-

7.1

4.9

123.6

27.3

0.1

4.5

0.9

Iceland

-

-

-

-

0.0

-

-

-

0.0

-

0.1

Ireland

36.3

-

20.8

-

5.6

126.3

1.2

-

-

2.1

192.3

Israel

309.3

1.3

-

-

24.4

174.0

-

-

0.1

0.4

509.4

Italy

371.1

7.4

-

46.5

308.4

1166.1

39.1

1.7

65.2

45.2

2050.7

Japan

2256.7

-

-

324.4

755.7

2275.0

119.2

12.0

47.4

5.5

5795.8

Korea

2044.8

-

-

144.4

212.2

753.8

4.6

3.0

21.3

5.0

3189.0

-

-

-

-

-

21.8

0.1

-

1.6

0.3

23.8

Mexico

316.7

-

-

5.5

421.8

1059.6

45.6

-

-

1.9

1851.1

Netherlands

195.5

-

-

25.4

15.6

559.8

40.8

-

64.5

8.1

909.8

New Zealand

12.9

0.3

-

7.6

-

73.1

4.0

-

-

2.6

100.4

Luxembourg

Norway

0.7

-

-

0.8

3.5

30.9

6.0

0.9

9.4

0.2

52.4

Poland

1093.1

477.5

-

33.5

24.8

52.2

66.1

5.5

0.4

3.7

1756.8

Portugal

66.9

-

-

-

25.4

116.2

18.1

0.3

8.0

1.3

236.1

Slovak Republic

17.7

32.9

-

2.9

12.4

40.9

12.5

0.2

0.9

0.4

120.7

Slovenia
Spain
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey

0.1

57.8

-

-

0.3

6.6

1.8

0.0

-

1.2

67.7

233.7

11.8

-

9.1

145.4

619.1

26.5

..

18.1

6.7

1070.4

12.9

-

12.2

12.4

26.1

30.4

179.6

0.9

51.8

11.1

337.3

-

-

-

-

0.6

9.8

3.8

1.3

38.4

1.3

55.2

154.4

399.9

-

26.0

23.3

713.8

0.6

1.5

-

2.9

1322.2

-

-

29.3

49.7

1281.7

52.5

3.1

30.9

70.9

2561.4

888.9

-

44.3

454.0 e

7748.5

395.9

66.6

270.2

115.0

28429.4 e

United Kingdom

1043.4

United States

18445.9

OECD Total

29969.8

5660.1

OECD Americas
OECD Asia Oceania

19098.3
5803.7

1571.4
706.0

144.0

989.6

626.1

62807.4

66.6
15.0

275.4
68.8

123.9
23.5

32105.6
11942.8

OECD Europe
5067.9
3382.6
386.6
936.5
6716.3
964.2 62.4
645.4
478.7
118.5
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries .

18759.0

118.5
-

914.2

2990.3

19707.1

1687.9

49.9
477.7

1025.8
1028.0

9363.5
3627.4

530.9
192.8

Data are not available for 2011.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

(1) Covers use in electricity, CHP and heat plants. Amounts corresponding to heat produced by industry for own use are not included.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.21

Table 1.5. World fuel use for electricity and heat production,(1)
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard
Algeria

Coal
Brown
Peat

-

-

-

Oil

Natural
Gas

Gases
-

13.1

430.0

Wood Indust. Municip. Biogases
waste
waste liq. biof.
-

-

-

Total

-

443.1
22.8

Angola

-

-

-

-

22.8

-

-

-

-

-

Benin

-

-

-

-

1.5

-

0.0

-

-

-

1.5

Botswana

12.4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

12.4

Cameroon

-

-

-

-

13.5

4.0

0.6

-

-

-

18.1

Congo

-

-

-

-

0.2

1.2

-

-

-

-

1.4

DR of Congo

-

-

-

-

0.1

0.3

-

-

-

-

0.4

Côte d'Ivoire

-

-

-

-

0.1

47.7

1.6

-

-

-

49.3

Egypt

-

-

-

-

214.2

889.6

-

-

-

-

1103.8

Eritrea

-

-

-

-

2.6

-

-

-

-

-

2.6

Ethiopia

-

-

-

-

0.4

-

-

-

-

-

0.4

Gabon

-

-

-

-

4.7

6.0

0.3

-

-

-

10.9

Ghana

-

-

-

-

29.9

-

-

-

-

-

29.9

Kenya

-

-

-

-

27.3

-

3.8

-

-

-

31.1

Libya

-

-

-

-

271.4

138.1

-

-

-

-

409.5

103.6

-

-

-

53.1

22.0

-

-

-

-

178.6

-

-

-

-

-

0.2

-

-

-

-

0.2

3.1

-

-

-

0.1

-

-

-

-

-

3.2

Nigeria

-

-

-

-

28.6

151.1

-

-

-

-

179.8

Senegal

-

-

-

-

24.4

0.6

2.7

-

-

-

27.7

2449.4

-

-

-

2.0

-

4.1

-

-

-

2455.4

Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia

South Africa
Sudan
UR of Tanzania

-

-

-

-

36.0

-

-

-

-

-

36.0

1.6

-

-

-

0.6

22.6

-

-

-

-

24.8

Togo

-

-

-

-

0.4

-

0.1

-

-

-

0.5

Tunisia

-

-

-

-

0.1

133.3

-

-

-

-

133.4

Zambia
Zimbabwe
Other Africa
Africa
Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Colombia
Costa Rica
Cuba

0.0

-

-

-

0.4

-

-

-

-

-

0.4

57.1

-

-

-

0.4

-

-

-

-

-

57.4

22.2

-

-

-

79.8

1.1

-

-

-

-

103.2

2649.4

-

-

-

827.5

1847.9

13.1

-

-

-

5337.8

20.3

-

-

13.4

168.0

496.6

30.6

-

-

-

728.8

-

-

-

-

1.7

49.9

3.8

-

-

-

55.4

9.3

73.4

-

51.3

156.9

277.3

241.8

-

-

-

809.9

43.0

-

-

0.7

6.0

96.5

5.6

-

-

-

151.8

-

-

-

-

7.2

-

1.0

-

-

-

8.3

-

-

-

-

221.6

20.4

10.1

-

-

-

252.1

19.3

-

-

-

80.6

27.1

0.7

-

-

-

127.7

Ecuador

-

-

-

-

79.0

18.1

7.0

-

-

-

104.0

El Salvador

-

-

-

-

17.4

-

5.7

-

-

-

23.2

Guatemala

12.7

-

-

-

17.6

-

46.2

-

-

-

76.4

Haiti
4.3
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries .

4.3

Dominican Rep.

(1) Covers use in electricity, CHP and heat plants. Amounts corresponding to heat produced by industry for own use are not included.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Data are not available for 2011.

III.22 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 1.5. World fuel use for electricity and heat production,(1)
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard
Honduras

Coal
Brown
Peat

-

-

-

Oil

Natural
Gas

Gases
-

29.2

Wood Indust. Municip. Biogases
waste
waste liq. biof.

-

12.5

-

-

-

Total
41.7

Jamaica

-

-

-

-

39.3

-

3.8

-

-

-

43.2

N. Antilles

-

-

-

-

11.9

-

-

-

-

-

11.9

Nicaragua

-

-

-

-

22.0

-

12.3

-

-

-

34.3

Panama

-

-

-

-

29.5

-

2.2

-

-

-

31.7

Paraguay

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

11.6

-

-

-

26.3

131.0

9.7

-

-

0.2

178.8

Trinidad and T.

-

-

-

-

0.2

106.1

-

-

-

-

106.3

Uruguay

-

-

-

-

11.1

0.6

5.5

-

-

-

17.3

Venezuela
Other N.OECD Amer.

-

-

-

-

228.6
105.7

256.0
27.3

2.4

-

-

-

484.7
135.4

116.1

73.4

-

65.3

1264.2

1507.1

400.8

-

-

0.2

3426.9

Peru

N.OECD Amer.
Bangladesh

9.2

-

-

-

29.4

394.5

-

-

-

-

433.0

Brunei Darussalam

-

-

-

-

0.4

49.1

-

-

-

-

49.5

Cambodia

-

0.3

-

-

10.1

-

0.3

-

-

-

10.8

8100.0

285.5

-

11.3

471.2

1090.6

49.4

-

-

-

10008.0
1502.2

India
Indonesia

-

784.4

-

-

355.5

361.9

0.5

-

-

-

89.1

11.0

-

-

10.3

-

-

-

-

-

110.4

542.4

-

-

2.7

31.0

679.4

18.4

-

0.1

0.0

1274.0

Mongolia

-

79.7

-

-

2.6

-

-

-

-

-

82.3

Myanmar

7.5

-

-

-

0.4

22.5

-

-

-

-

30.4

-

-

-

-

0.0

-

-

-

-

-

0.0

2.3

-

-

-

333.0

258.3

-

-

-

-

593.6

Philippines

193.1

37.7

-

-

62.0

115.2

0.2

-

-

-

408.2

Singapore

-

-

-

-

92.8

262.4

-

-

16.9

-

372.1

Sri Lanka

-

-

-

-

56.3

-

-

-

-

-

56.3

1118.3

80.8

-

26.9

119.2

434.0

8.7

-

43.9

-

1831.8

Thailand

117.0

172.9

-

-

11.0

949.1

93.8

-

-

2.6

1346.4

Vietnam

202.6

-

-

-

48.6

319.5

0.6

-

-

-

571.3

3.5

-

-

-

77.3

8.0

-

-

-

-

88.7

-

40.9

1711.0

4944.4

171.9

-

60.9

2.7

18768.8
35877.0

DPR of Korea
Malaysia

Nepal
Pakistan

Chinese Taipei

Other Asia
Asia (excl. China)

10384.9

1452.3

PR of China

14055.9

19740.7

Hong Kong

227.1

China (Region)

14283.0

19740.7

-

751.3

377.0

740.6

-

-

1.6

117.1

-

751.3

378.5

857.7

53.4 158.1

-

-

-

-

-

345.8

53.4 158.1

-

-

36222.8

-

Albania

-

-

-

-

0.2

-

-

-

-

-

0.2

Armenia

-

-

-

-

-

11.3

-

-

-

-

11.3
163.3

Azerbaijan

-

-

-

-

0.9

162.4

-

-

-

-

0.7

2.4

2.7

-

17.4

549.4

24.8

3.2

-

0.1

600.6

-

134.1

-

-

2.0

2.5

0.2

-

-

-

138.7

Bulgaria
62.3
205.4
9.8
40.1
0.2
0.1
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries .

317.8

Belarus
Bosnia and H.

(1) Covers use in electricity, CHP and heat plants. Amounts corresponding to heat produced by industry for own use are not included.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Data are not available for 2011.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.23

Table 1.5. World fuel use for electricity and heat production,(1)
by country, 2010 (continued)
(PJ)
Hard
Croatia

Coal
Brown
Peat

22.1

0.2

-

Oil

Natural
Gas

Gases
-

7.1

28.2

Wood Indust. Municip. Biogases
waste
waste liq. biof.
0.0

-

-

0.3

Total
57.8

Cyprus

-

-

-

-

49.3

-

-

-

-

0.1

49.4

Georgia

-

-

-

-

2.3

11.6

-

-

-

-

13.9

726.8

27.8

-

-

7.4

75.6

-

-

-

-

837.6

-

66.9

-

-

0.5

-

-

-

-

-

67.4

6.2

-

-

-

-

13.5

-

-

-

-

19.7

Kazakhstan
Kosovo
Kyrgyzstan
Latvia

0.6

-

0.0

-

0.7

39.2

7.0

-

-

0.4

47.9

Lithuania

0.2

-

0.1

-

6.1

58.2

10.5

-

-

0.2

75.3

F.Y.R. Macedonia

-

49.7

-

-

3.6

2.7

0.1

-

-

-

56.1

Gibraltar

-

-

-

-

1.8

-

-

-

-

-

1.8

Malta

-

-

-

-

24.2

-

-

-

-

-

24.2

0.1

-

-

-

0.9

44.2

-

0.5

-

-

45.7

Rep. of Moldova
Montenegro

-

17.0

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

17.0

Romania

-

244.3

-

1.1

16.6

116.6

2.6

0.0

-

0.0

381.2

Russian Federation 1704.8

41.6 145.1

1035.4

8.4

217.8

465.4

9480.0

-

-

13098.5

0.1

269.8

-

3.8

13.4

26.9

0.0

0.4

-

-

314.2

Tajikistan

-

-

-

-

-

8.3

-

-

-

-

8.3

Turkmenistan

-

-

-

-

-

293.6

-

-

-

-

293.6

Serbia

Ukraine

748.1

0.7

0.4

62.3

15.1

649.1

16.5

-

-

-

1492.2

Uzbekistan
N.OECD E.& Eurasia

3271.8

38.5
2092.3

11.6

285.0

9.8
654.3

555.7
12168.9

103.4

149.1

x

1.2

604.0
18737.7

Bahrain

-

-

-

-

-

151.7

-

-

-

-

151.7

IR of Iran

-

-

-

5.1

552.5

1589.9

-

-

-

0.1

2147.5

Iraq

-

-

-

-

551.7

167.0

-

-

-

-

718.7

Jordan

-

-

-

-

39.5

95.8

-

-

-

0.1

135.4

Kuwait

-

-

-

-

462.9

137.5

-

-

-

-

600.3

Lebanon

-

-

-

-

142.9

8.9

-

-

-

-

151.7

Oman

-

-

-

-

49.4

217.0

-

-

-

-

266.4

Qatar

-

-

-

-

-

249.1

-

-

-

-

249.1

Saudi Arabia

-

-

-

-

1455.2

1263.0

-

-

-

-

2718.2

Syrian Arab R.

-

-

-

-

180.2

248.2

-

-

-

-

428.4

UAE

-

-

-

-

23.4

1016.0

-

-

-

-

1039.4

Yemen

-

-

-

-

52.0

20.4

-

-

-

-

72.4

Middle East

-

-

-

5.1

3509.4

5164.4

-

-

-

0.2

8679.1

30705.1 23358.7 11.6
Non-OECD Total
1147.5
8344.9
26490.3
742.5 307.3
60.9
4.2
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and IEA/OECD Energy Balances of Non-OECD Countries .

91173.0

(1) Covers use in electricity, CHP and heat plants. Amounts corresponding to heat produced by industry for own use are not include

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Data are not available for 2011.

III.24 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Table 2.1. OECD electricity production, imports, exports,
apparent consumption, 2011e
(TWh)
Gross
production (1)

Imports

Exports

Apparent
consumption(2)

238.5

-

-

238.5

Austria

65.8

25.0

16.8

74.0

Belgium

89.4

13.2

10.7

91.9

Canada

635.9

14.5

52.0

598.5

Australia

Chile

65.6

0.7

-

66.4

Czech Republic

87.6

10.5

27.5

70.5

Denmark

34.9

11.7

10.4

36.2

Estonia

12.9

1.7

5.3

9.3

Finland

73.5

17.7

3.8

87.4

France

562.5

9.5

65.9

506.1

Germany

614.5

51.0

54.8

610.7

Greece

53.5

7.2

3.9

56.7

Hungary

36.2

14.7

8.0

42.9

Iceland

17.2

-

-

17.2

Ireland

27.4

0.7

0.2

27.9

Israel

59.6

-

4.2

55.4

300.3

47.3

1.7

346.0

Japan

1057.8

-

-

1057.8

Korea

518.8

-

-

518.8

3.7

7.1

2.6

8.2

Mexico

271.8

0.6

1.3

271.1

Netherlands

112.7

20.6

11.5

121.8

New Zealand

44.5

-

-

44.5

Norway

128.1

11.3

14.3

125.1

Poland

163.0

6.8

12.0

157.8

Italy

Luxembourg

Portugal

52.3

6.7

3.9

55.1

Slovak Republic

26.1

11.2

10.5

26.8

Slovenia

16.1

7.0

8.3

14.8

Spain

292.1

7.9

14.0

286.0

Sweden

152.9

12.5

19.7

145.7

64.5

34.8

32.2

67.1

228.4

4.7

3.8

229.3

Switzerland
Turkey
United Kingdom

365.3

7.0

8.3

14.8

United States

4343.7

7.9

14.0

286.0

OECD Total

10817.9

10817.2

417.7

417.0

OECD Americas

5317.1

68.2

68.3

5317.0

OECD Asia Oceania

1919.1

-

4.2

1914.9

349.5

344.4

3586.1

OECD Europe
3581.0
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.

(1) Gross production refers to total main activity producers and autoproducers production, including production from pumped storage.
(2) Apparent consumption = production + imports - exports. Includes "own use by power plant", "used for heat pumps", "electric
boilers" and "pumped storage", "transmission losses" and transformation industries for heating, traction and lighting purposes.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Apparent consumption is an estimate based on preliminary data and not verified with the real consumption side of the balance.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.25

Table 2.2. OECD gross electricity production, by country, by source, 2011e
(TWh)
Nuclear

Hydro

Australia

-

14.87

Austria

-

37.25

Belgium

48.23

1.43

Canada

90.94
-

Chile
Czech Republic

Geothermal

Solar/
wind(1)

Fossil
fuels(2)

Biofuels
& waste (3)

Total

-

6.66

0.00

2.21

213.45

3.53

238.51

19.99

6.32

-

65.77

4.06

29.69

5.97

89.38

376.51
21.01

-

20.12

142.01

6.38

635.95

-

0.44

40.77

3.41

65.63

28.28

2.84

-

2.52

51.23

2.70

87.56

Denmark

-

0.02

-

9.78

20.26

4.88

34.93

Estonia

-

0.03

-

0.37

11.71

0.78

12.89

Finland

23.19

12.48

-

0.82

26.48

10.59

73.55

France

442.38

50.18

-

14.78

48.03

7.10

562.47

Germany

107.97

24.60

0.02

69.01

369.33

43.57

614.50

-

4.10

-

3.93

45.11

0.32

53.45

15.69

0.22

-

0.63

17.79

1.92

36.24

Iceland

-

12.51

4.70

-

0.00

-

17.21

Ireland

-

0.71

-

4.38

22.01

0.34

27.44

Israel

-

0.03

-

0.47

59.00

0.09

59.57

Greece
Hungary

Italy

-

48.21

5.65

21.67

211.43

13.37

300.33

Japan

101.76

91.53

2.65

8.14

830.53

23.15

1057.75

Korea

150.16

7.98

-

2.07

357.38

1.21

518.80

-

1.13

-

0.09

2.34

0.16

3.71

10.09

35.80

6.51

1.42

217.07

0.92

271.80
112.72

Luxembourg
Mexico
Netherlands

4.14

0.06

-

5.32

94.43

8.77

New Zealand

-

25.08

6.12

2.01

10.68

0.61

44.50

Norway

-

122.08

-

1.37

4.21

0.48

128.14

Poland

-

2.76

-

2.69

149.68

7.91

163.04

Portugal

-

12.12

0.19

9.37

27.42

3.24

52.34

14.39

4.05

-

0.06

6.88

0.69

26.07

Slovak Republic
Slovenia

6.22

3.70

-

0.07

5.81

0.26

16.06

Spain

57.65

32.91

-

51.67

144.61

5.22

292.05

Sweden

60.05

66.31

-

6.10

8.58

11.88

152.93

Switzerland

26.71

34.13

-

0.12

1.13

2.45

64.54

-

52.07

0.70

4.73

170.46

0.45

228.41

Turkey
United Kingdom

69.03

8.60

-

15.78

257.02

14.85

365.29

United States

821.39

350.58

18.24

124.97

2958.95

69.59

4343.72

OECD Total

10817.23

2078.27

1457.85

44.77

397.81

6575.46

263.07

OECD Americas

922.41

783.89

24.75

146.95

3358.80

80.29

5317.10

OECD Asia Oceania

251.92

139.48

8.76

19.35

1471.03

28.58

1919.12

OECD Europe
903.93
534.49
11.26
Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.

231.51

1745.63

154.20

3581.02

(1) Includes tide, wave, ocean and other (fuel cells etc).
(2) Includes hard coal, brown coal, peat, coal gases, oil products and natural gas.
(3) Includes wood/wood waste/other solid waste, industrial and municipal waste, biogases and liquid biofuels.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Note: Including electricity production from pumped storage.

III.26 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Australia
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

18 900

16 898

17 191

15 575

17 197

16 994

17 645

17 123

15 452

16 074

16 521

16 305

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 254

1 302

1 062

975

1 383

1 446

1 609

1 405

1 293

1 054

1 135

953

435

507

559

453

418

597

615

530

756

586

591

607

20 588

18 706

18 812

17 003

18 998

19 037

19 868

19 058

17 501

17 714

18 248

17 866

+ Imports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- Exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

= Supply

20 588

18 706

18 812

17 003

18 998

19 037

19 868

19 058

17 501

17 714

18 248

17 866

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

3 035

2 647

2 875

1 914

1 865

1 393

1 447

1 188

1 748

2 081

2 593

2 423

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2 969

2 502

2 420

2 594

3 159

3 905

3 621

3 794

3 067

3 204

2 433

2 325

= Production

Austria
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

179

189

212

217

164

185

236

125

161

181

131

230

= Production

6 183

5 337

5 507

4 726

5 188

5 483

5 304

5 107

4 977

5 466

5 157

4 978

+ Imports

2 231

2 267

2 373

2 043

1 642

1 414

1 791

1 653

1 788

2 130

2 568

3 080

- Exports

1 715

1 430

1 406

1 174

1 207

1 450

1 381

1 188

1 101

1 661

1 585

1 453

= Supply

6 699

6 174

6 474

5 595

5 623

5 447

5 714

5 572

5 664

5 935

6 140

6 605

Belgium

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

3 317

3 104

2 825

2 575

3 153

2 686

2 795

2 534

2 701

2 989

2 992

2 783

+ Nuclear

3 875

3 327

3 927

3 965

3 736

3 761

3 772

4 314

3 945

3 660

3 735

3 926

+ Hydro

161

149

139

114

64

60

112

115

120

125

107

146

+ Geothermal/other

255

239

288

308

384

362

328

341

369

399

275

451

= Production

7 608

6 820

7 178

6 962

7 337

6 869

7 007

7 305

7 135

7 172

7 110

7 305

+ Imports

1 368

1 156

1 427

1 026

1 005

1 297

1 107

860

803

927

1 054

1 160

- Exports

549

412

621

839

1 140

1 199

1 347

1 330

1 042

736

727

711

= Supply

8 427

7 564

7 984

7 149

7 202

6 967

6 767

6 835

6 896

7 363

7 437

7 754

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

14 627

12 182

12 620

10 474

9 827

9 750

12 084

11 568

10 762

11 133

11 742

12 009

8 346

6 914

7 372

6 854

7 038

6 653

7 447

7 857

7 210

6 870

6 002

7 224

37 822

33 921

34 831

30 021

29 339

27 538

29 577

28 894

26 214

27 844

30 467

36 311

Canada
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

1 495

1 785

1 639

1 844

1 514

1 241

1 116

1 049

1 440

1 905

2 512

2 444

62 290

54 802

56 463

49 192

47 718

45 182

50 223

49 367

45 627

47 753

50 723

57 987

+ Imports

1 581

1 600

1 664

1 299

1 322

1 218

966

999

927

1 163

894

894

- Exports

3 718

4 005

3 835

4 907

4 497

6 035

5 591

4 051

3 623

3 375

4 167

4 167

= Supply

60 153

52 397

54 292

45 584

44 543

40 365

45 598

46 315

42 931

45 541

47 450

54 714

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

3 308

3 306

4 155

3 858

4 146

4 000

3 653

3 362

2 949

2 942

2 863

3 591

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 886

1 462

1 270

1 195

1 221

1 248

1 605

1 950

2 004

2 336

2 446

2 195

= Production

Chile
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

28

19

29

28

15

35

25

23

32

39

36

22

5 221

4 786

5 455

5 081

5 383

5 283

5 282

5 335

4 985

5 318

5 345

5 809

+ Imports

100

126

100

65

2

-

-

-

51

69

133

88

- Exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

= Supply

5 321

4 912

5 555

5 146

5 385

5 283

5 282

5 335

5 036

5 387

5 478

5 897

= Production

Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics
(1) Net generation excludes power station own use.
Note: Please refer to Notes, Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Table 2.3. Monthly net electricity supply, (1)
by country
(GWh)

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.27

Czech Republic

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

4 633

4 223

4 366

3 503

3 855

3 558

3 537

3 654

3 964

4 577

4 636

4 535

+ Nuclear

2 740

2 389

2 392

2 350

2 178

1 963

1 734

1 960

1 672

2 240

2 445

2 615

335

282

291

275

175

162

207

218

190

223

210

254

65

126

239

275

319

294

267

282

244

192

108

100

7 773

7 020

7 288

6 403

6 528

5 977

5 745

6 114

6 071

7 232

7 398

7 504

+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production
+ Imports

535

718

813

698

591

532

1 106

922

805

941

1 214

1 584

- Exports

2 073

1 988

2 245

2 076

2 143

1 778

2 145

2 212

2 055

2 735

2 765

3 286

= Supply

6 235

5 750

5 856

5 025

4 976

4 731

4 706

4 824

4 821

5 438

5 847

5 802

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11
1 984

Denmark
+ Combustible fuels

3 219

2 737

2 859

2 051

1 707

1 547

1 205

1 274

1 245

1 612

2 117

+ Nuclear

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+ Hydro

2

2

2

1

1

1

1

1

2

1

1

2

735

1 154

903

730

785

503

562

654

736

979

730

1 310

3 957

3 892

3 764

2 782

2 493

2 051

1 768

1 929

1 983

2 592

2 848

3 296

+ Geothermal/other
= Production
+ Imports

770

543

602

890

795

1 123

1 430

1 411

1 392

945

931

860

- Exports

1 415

1 423

1 273

1 017

557

588

606

537

572

604

786

997

= Supply

3 312

3 012

3 093

2 655

2 731

2 586

2 592

2 803

2 803

2 933

2 993

3 159

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

1 202

1 009

1 110

798

867

911

855

917

825

843

1 056

1 037

+ Nuclear

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+ Hydro

3

2

2

4

4

1

1

1

1

3

2

4

Estonia
+ Combustible fuels

+ Geothermal/other
= Production

34

25

44

22

23

18

12

18

34

42

38

59

1 239

1 036

1 155

823

894

930

869

937

860

887

1 096

1 101

+ Imports

40

68

99

276

113

97

162

133

198

237

128

139

- Exports

412

297

437

410

370

480

486

497

462

444

499

458

= Supply

867

807

817

689

637

547

545

573

596

680

725

782

Finland

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

5 197

4 728

4 864

3 219

3 179

1 695

1 323

1 623

1 775

2 142

2 719

2 713

+ Nuclear

2 037

1 805

2 032

1 972

1 381

1 703

1 981

1 701

1 608

2 026

1 979

2 045

919

899

775

1 018

1 009

1 001

935

925

909

1 334

1 244

1 366

62

55

88

59

65

54

45

52

68

77

76

87

= Production

8 214

7 487

7 759

6 268

5 634

4 453

4 284

4 299

4 359

5 579

6 018

6 210

+ Imports

1 345

1 248

1 324

1 284

1 312

1 427

1 700

1 883

1 949

1 440

1 338

1 407

- Exports

686

304

911

629

403

192

93

32

124

176

107

148

= Supply

8 873

8 431

8 172

6 923

6 543

5 688

5 891

6 150

6 184

6 843

7 249

7 469

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

6 606

6 499

6 805

2 848

3 222

2 072

1 883

2 004

2 815

4 463

7 026

5 700

43 854

38 328

37 688

32 850

33 070

32 589

33 487

31 384

31 477

32 824

33 705

39 819

+ Hydro

5 893

4 012

4 405

4 013

3 377

4 256

4 143

3 791

3 148

3 191

3 851

5 586

+ Geothermal/other

1 499

1 113

1 343

880

990

1 139

1 065

918

1 052

1 293

1 187

2 277

57 852

49 952

50 241

40 592

40 659

40 057

40 579

38 099

38 493

41 771

45 769

53 383

+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

France
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear

= Production
+ Imports

1 416

956

974

614

558

338

322

372

546

940

1 411

1 054

- Exports

5 038

4 795

5 551

5 689

5 866

6 384

6 490

5 705

4 773

4 686

5 143

5 795

= Supply

54 230

46 113

45 664

35 517

35 351

34 011

34 411

32 766

34 266

38 025

42 037

48 642

Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics
(1) Net generation excludes power station own use.
Note: Please refer to Notes, Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Table 2.3. Monthly net electricity supply, (1)
by country (continued)
(GWh)

III.28 - ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III

Germany

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

36 049

32 711

35 654

29 868

31 245

28 018

28 203

28 443

30 086

34 317

37 884

32 847

+ Nuclear

13 531

11 964

10 745

7 641

5 115

6 354

7 484

7 980

7 639

7 299

7 991

8 468

+ Hydro

2 262

1 702

1 776

1 680

1 713

2 077

2 285

2 280

1 832

1 960

1 521

2 118

+ Geothermal/other

4 138

5 459

4 929

5 973

5 802

4 821

5 892

5 175

5 018

5 691

3 936

8 682

55 980

51 836

53 104

45 161

43 876

41 270

43 863

43 878

44 576

49 267

51 333

52 114

+ Imports

3 804

2 979

3 763

4 222

5 102

5 226

4 912

4 501

3 991

3 896

4 434

4 173

- Exports

6 387

6 007

5 701

4 131

2 683

3 210

3 699

3 324

3 163

4 634

5 278

6 551

= Supply

53 397

48 808

51 166

45 252

46 295

43 286

45 076

45 055

45 404

48 529

50 489

49 736

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

3 753

3 414

3 506

2 845

3 104

2 965

4 361

3 745

3 439

2 953

3 475

3 665

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

496

327

362

292

317

432

420

401

304

224

225

270

= Production

Greece
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production

178

248

300

356

274

261

256

377

368

509

372

422

4 427

3 989

4 168

3 494

3 695

3 659

5 038

4 523

4 111

3 686

4 072

4 357

+ Imports

581

648

647

563

469

632

751

726

462

476

601

624

- Exports

351

319

433

291

393

252

272

332

267

286

396

355

= Supply

4 657

4 318

4 382

3 766

3 771

4 039

5 517

4 917

4 306

3 876

4 277

4 626

Hungary

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

1 893

1 674

1 777

1 402

1 393

1 337

1 289

1 241

1 353

1 397

1 717

1 685

+ Nuclear

1 422

1 293

1 196

1 024

1 045

1 231

1 038

1 365

1 100

1 209

1 380

1 431

6

20

17

19

24

20

26

25

16

15

12

19

45

39

65

68

54

60

59

37

41

52

29

63
3 198

+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production

3 366

3 025

3 055

2 513

2 516

2 647

2 413

2 668

2 511

2 673

3 137

+ Imports

832

947

956

1 037

1 209

961

1 487

1 327

1 384

1 450

1 456

1 618

- Exports

516

612

514

398

470

408

544

740

640

708

1 119

1 353

= Supply

3 682

3 360

3 497

3 152

3 255

3 200

3 356

3 255

3 255

3 415

3 474

3 463

Iceland

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

+ Nuclear

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1 100

998

1 083

997

1 043

1 011

999

1 036

1 021

1 039

1 010

1 057

+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

384

344

384

371

352

318

378

353

349

405

408

443

1 484

1 342

1 467

1 368

1 395

1 329

1 377

1 389

1 370

1 444

1 418

1 500

+ Imports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- Exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

= Supply

1 484

1 342

1 467

1 368

1 395

1 329

1 377

1 389

1 370

1 444

1 418

1 500

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

2 216

1 786

2 059

1 725

1 470

1 653

1 761

1 835

1 528

1 752

1 720

1 776

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

93

99

52

30

30

28

19

16

39

72

103

119

= Production

Ireland
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

277

358

207

248

547

244

186

192

487

454

551

629

2 586

2 243

2 318

2 003

2 047

1 926

1 967

2 043

2 053

2 279

2 374

2 523

+ Imports

70

65

95

131

101

104

70

55

23

9

6

3

- Exports

16

16

11

2

9

3

6

16

19

37

49

57

= Supply

2 640

2 292

2 402

2 132

2 139

2 027

2 031

2 082

2 057

2 251

2 331

2 469

= Production

Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics
(1) Net generation excludes power station own use.
Note: Please refer to Notes, Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Table 2.3. Monthly net electricity supply, (1)
by country (continued)
(GWh)

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III - III.29

Italy
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

19 908

18 370

19 508

15 874

17 219

15 972

19 174

17 027

19 606

17 228

17 205

17 682

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

3 680

2 923

3 339

4 091

4 286

6 261

4 893

4 184

3 969

3 208

3 743

3 088

1 273

1 575

2 023

1 996

2 010

2 015

2 851

2 620

2 736

2 783

2 102

2 845

24 860

22 868

24 870

21 962

23 514

24 247

26 918

23 830

26 311

23 218

23 049

23 615

+ Imports

4 078

4 196

4 228

4 054

3 541

3 541

4 016

2 729

3 094

4 816

4 663

4 393

- Exports

196

127

192

116

87

176

96

141

125

75

169

223

= Supply

28 742

26 937

28 906

25 900

26 968

27 612

30 838

26 418

29 280

27 959

27 543

27 785

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

= Production

Japan
+ Combustible fuels

74 460

61 686

64 028

53 505

54 602

62 011

73 557

78 877

71 599

69 428

71 153

85 537

+ Nuclear

14 288

13 819

12 624

10 676

8 847

7 704

7 340

5 726

4 317

3 998

4 216

3 299

5 712

4 768

5 896

6 740

10 343

10 756

10 072

9 256

9 652

6 568

5 452

5 769

944

638

882

898

755

641

730

854

844

933

1 031

1 407

95 404

80 911

83 430

71 820

74 547

81 111

91 699

94 713

86 411

80 927

81 851

96 012

+ Imports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- Exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

= Supply

95 404

80 911

83 430

71 820

74 547

81 111

91 699

94 713

86 411

80 927

81 851

96 012

+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production

Korea

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

35 901

27 260

30 083

26 070

24 786

26 654

28 224

27 903

27 339

27 934

28 804

34 008

+ Nuclear

11 929

11 348

12 502

12 184

12 969

11 710

12 615

13 061

10 807

11 485

11 235

11 586

+ Hydro

610

453

398

336

699

738

1 329

1 200

623

392

305

398

+ Geothermal/other

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

172

= Production

48 612

39 233

43 156

38 762

38 627

39 274

42 339

42 337

38 941

39 983

40 516

46 163

+ Imports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

- Exports

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

= Supply

48 612

39 233

43 156

38 762

38 627

39 274

42 339

42 337

38 941

39 983

40 516

46 163

Luxembourg

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

+ Combustible fuels

286

262

285

247

228

241

214

51

35

86

274

263

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

153

148

146

125

50

2

49

81

79

102

81

97

+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production

5

6

8

6

6

7

6

6

7

8

5

15

443

416

439

378

284

250

269

139

122

197

360

375

+ Imports

678

640

666

613

563

464

551

563

629

620

560

548

- Exports

310

296

307

279

205

172

192

95

81

138

267

272

= Supply

811

760

798

712

642

542

628

607

670

679

653

651

Jan-11

Feb-11

Mar-11

Apr-11

May-11

Jun-11

Jul-11

Aug-11

Sep-11

Oct-11

Nov-11

Dec-11

15 884

14 636

17 509

17 711

19 174

19 727

18 959

19 192

16 971

16 837

15 761

15 700

472

703

825

686

850

684

978

1 001

963

849

653

1 015

2 516

2 391

2 504

2 604

2 797

2 678

3 076

3 826

4 298

3 439

2 856

2 511

Mexico
+ Combustible fuels
+ Nuclear
+ Hydro
+ Geothermal/other
= Production

664

603

635

595

661

649

660

649

623

631

610

622

19 536

18 334

21 473

21 596

23 483

23 739

23 673

24 667

22 854

21 756

19 881

19 849

+ Imports

6

30

44

45

47

88

80

59

103

54

20

20

- Exports

138

145

133

108

108

68

76

78

78

90

149

122

= Supply

19 404

18 219

21 384

21 533

23 422

23 759

23 677

24 648

22 879

21 720

19 752

19 747

Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics
(1) Net generation excludes power station own use.
Note: Please refer to Notes, Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.
INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY

© OECD/IEA, 2012

Table 2.3. Monthly net electricity supply, (1)
by country (continued)
(GWh)

Exports - - - - - - - - - - - - = Supply 3 417 3 206 3 495 3 454 3 669 3 754 4 019 4 043 3 697 3 562 3 404 3 419 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 589 560 610 514 415 268 257 300 253 266 299 297 - - - - - - - - - - - - 10 504 9 830 9 327 7 705 8 035 8 928 10 154 10 074 9 989 11 670 12 595 12 553 = Production Norway + Combustible fuels + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other 150 116 162 119 80 63 58 49 119 165 138 155 11 243 10 505 10 098 8 337 8 529 9 259 10 469 10 424 10 361 12 102 13 033 13 004 + Imports 2 413 1 998 2 277 1 601 829 288 89 140 362 225 162 871 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Netherlands Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 + Combustible fuels 9 170 8 493 9 133 7 914 7 720 7 196 6 995 7 339 7 347 8 864 9 568 9 518 353 328 362 99 355 336 352 316 342 357 347 361 7 15 10 4 1 2 2 4 2 2 1 7 488 510 315 351 428 346 409 318 417 512 371 856 + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production 10 019 9 346 9 821 8 367 8 504 7 880 7 759 7 978 8 108 9 736 10 287 10 743 + Imports 1 898 1 253 1 413 1 390 1 230 2 192 2 312 2 223 1 926 1 599 1 488 1 697 .Exports 1 039 892 1 013 644 744 680 866 1 013 880 1 193 1 188 1 378 = Supply 10 878 9 707 10 221 9 113 8 990 9 392 9 205 9 188 9 154 10 142 10 587 11 062 New Zealand Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 + Combustible fuels 679 602 835 805 796 798 1 039 1 205 1 242 994 778 773 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 109 2 027 2 020 1 988 2 183 2 336 2 261 2 167 1 811 1 915 1 983 2 032 + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other 630 577 640 660 689 620 720 671 645 653 643 613 3 417 3 206 3 495 3 454 3 669 3 754 4 019 4 043 3 697 3 562 3 404 3 419 + Imports - - - - - - - - - - - - .Exports 465 460 489 196 436 225 241 303 230 255 339 291 = Supply 4 867 4 664 4 479 3 781 4 554 4 331 4 580 4 494 4 603 4 436 4 303 4 666 Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics (1) Net generation excludes power station own use. Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.3. Monthly net electricity supply. (1) by country (continued) (GWh) .III. 2012 Table 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Note: Please refer to Notes.Exports 80 102 75 358 435 1 303 2 385 2 304 1 834 1 944 2 187 1 323 = Supply 13 576 12 401 12 300 9 580 8 923 8 244 8 173 8 260 8 889 10 383 11 008 12 552 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 12 976 12 281 12 892 11 148 11 425 10 917 10 921 11 209 11 405 12 377 12 605 12 653 - - - - - - - - - - - - 299 245 445 251 213 146 267 267 157 153 133 162 = Production Poland + Combustible fuels + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production 165 254 250 222 160 157 158 193 206 256 204 465 13 441 12 780 13 588 11 621 11 798 11 220 11 346 11 670 11 768 12 786 12 941 13 280 1 119 + Imports 230 420 305 415 281 397 883 626 486 709 910 .Exports 645 840 1 080 813 854 682 1 022 1 029 924 1 174 1 418 1 540 = Supply 13 026 12 360 12 813 11 223 11 225 10 935 11 207 11 267 11 330 12 321 12 433 12 859 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 1 553 2 547 2 032 1 307 3 092 2 685 2 753 3 134 3 089 2 617 2 175 2 515 - - - - - - - - - - - - 2 314 1 429 1 523 1 232 1 001 600 455 459 566 650 936 803 Portugal + Combustible fuels + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production 949 844 912 741 507 715 934 625 500 827 1 006 918 4 816 4 820 4 467 3 279 4 600 4 001 4 143 4 217 4 155 4 094 4 117 4 236 + Imports 516 304 501 698 390 555 678 580 678 597 525 721 .30 .

Monthly net electricity supply. (1) by country (continued) (GWh) + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 665 616 613 646 702 471 468 493 410 581 646 Dec-11 636 1 215 1 100 1 210 1 088 1 053 1 072 984 883 1 118 1 043 1 118 1 199 521 377 324 267 249 295 465 375 210 296 190 238 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 404 2 097 2 151 2 005 2 008 1 842 1 921 1 754 1 742 1 924 1 957 2 076 1 649 + Imports 330 648 726 616 623 562 1 032 1 181 1 016 1 343 1 501 .3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.Exports 996 881 1 189 1 433 1 008 1 145 1 322 1 187 1 275 1 158 1 108 1 322 = Supply 25 766 23 136 24 435 20 206 21 308 22 479 23 763 23 965 22 560 21 878 22 090 23 589 Dec-11 Sweden Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 + Combustible fuels 2 691 2 524 2 579 1 801 1 530 953 837 719 921 1 255 1 746 2 046 + Nuclear 6 530 5 792 6 435 4 941 4 831 3 724 5 030 4 278 3 293 3 446 3 878 5 485 + Hydro 5 477 5 471 4 116 4 532 4 240 5 178 4 086 5 641 7 228 7 076 6 050 6 825 467 499 632 416 449 343 290 343 552 672 547 885 15 166 14 285 13 762 11 691 11 050 10 198 10 242 10 981 11 995 12 449 12 220 15 240 + Imports 1 602 1 231 1 562 946 671 966 1 342 1 065 518 765 1 157 652 . Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication.31 Table 2. Note: Please refer to Notes.Exports 2 800 2 810 2 588 2 555 2 480 2 550 3 212 2 149 2 556 3 212 2 663 2 663 = Supply 6 318 5 701 5 977 4 997 5 144 4 963 4 971 5 025 4 964 5 316 5 724 6 116 + Geothermal/other = Production Switzerland + Combustible fuels + Geothermal/other Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics (1) Net generation excludes power station own use.Exports 780 667 759 685 729 727 682 621 563 732 688 665 = Supply 1 258 1 118 1 199 1 127 1 147 1 137 1 092 1 106 1 107 1 140 1 163 1 151 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 11 632 11 496 11 540 9 115 11 200 12 195 13 345 13 525 13 545 12 453 11 559 11 714 + Nuclear 4 719 4 271 4 331 4 453 3 636 4 702 4 825 5 271 4 981 4 498 4 538 4 856 + Hydro 5 480 3 165 4 108 3 685 2 720 2 121 1 718 1 628 1 358 1 480 2 367 2 474 + Geothermal/other 4 559 4 562 5 240 4 020 3 977 3 862 4 343 3 723 3 226 3 824 4 212 5 009 26 390 23 495 25 220 21 273 21 533 22 881 24 231 24 147 23 110 22 256 22 677 24 052 Spain + Combustible fuels = Production + Imports 372 522 404 366 783 743 854 1 005 725 780 521 859 .Exports 1 359 1 148 1 259 1 504 1 023 1 601 2 457 2 258 2 197 1 418 1 314 2 155 = Supply 15 409 14 368 14 065 11 133 10 698 9 563 9 127 9 788 10 316 11 796 12 063 13 737 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 307 300 310 280 253 246 299 274 258 275 291 306 + Nuclear 2 412 2 156 2 403 2 299 2 374 1 547 2 038 1 140 1 818 2 374 2 339 2 418 + Hydro 2 626 2 230 2 034 2 144 2 797 3 395 3 666 3 521 3 542 2 774 2 539 2 529 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 = Production 5 355 4 696 4 757 4 733 5 434 5 198 6 012 4 945 5 627 5 433 5 178 5 263 + Imports 3 763 3 815 3 808 2 819 2 190 2 315 2 171 2 229 1 893 3 095 3 209 3 516 .III.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . 2012 Slovak Republic + Combustible fuels .Exports 475 677 681 666 678 533 1 058 1 043 922 1 127 1 210 1 428 = Supply 2 259 2 068 2 196 1 955 1 953 1 871 1 895 1 892 1 836 2 140 2 248 2 297 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 + Combustible fuels 541 495 549 487 395 269 343 417 481 424 505 480 + Nuclear 518 470 401 499 511 496 504 503 483 513 500 518 + Hydro 368 224 281 274 331 485 330 307 249 322 250 227 - 7 13 20 26 - - - - - - - 1 426 1 195 1 243 1 281 1 263 1 250 1 177 1 227 1 213 1 259 1 255 1 225 Slovenia + Geothermal/other = Production + Imports 612 590 715 531 613 614 597 500 457 613 596 591 .

2012 (1) Net generation excludes power station own use.III.Exports 255 286 182 120 280 125 62 85 150 240 585 98 = Supply 35 746 31 265 32 717 27 328 27 652 26 838 26 638 27 140 27 502 29 266 30 771 32 845 United States Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 + Combustible fuels 255 916 212 332 209 895 202 969 221 411 258 306 306 424 299 443 240 732 213 607 204 315 227 496 + Nuclear 72 749 64 795 65 667 54 552 57 021 65 276 72 351 71 345 66 854 63 359 64 479 71 843 + Hydro 28 120 26 359 33 427 33 234 35 060 34 676 34 287 29 103 23 461 21 589 22 727 26 071 + Geothermal/other 10 186 12 011 12 229 14 119 13 489 12 785 9 222 9 210 8 590 12 361 13 888 12 068 = Production 366 971 315 497 321 219 304 873 326 982 371 042 422 284 409 100 339 638 310 917 305 409 337 478 + Imports 4 282 3 741 4 023 3 799 4 898 4 483 6 023 5 584 4 036 3 700 3 471 4 260 .Exports 234 222 196 202 222 299 409 380 358 392 452 470 = Supply 18 784 17 069 18 509 17 220 16 996 17 267 20 184 19 797 18 158 17 968 18 167 20 125 Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 27 434 23 468 24 638 19 071 19 345 19 061 19 284 19 811 20 504 22 332 24 179 23 311 5 983 5 464 6 237 5 928 5 874 5 612 5 130 4 946 4 251 4 061 4 205 5 022 644 801 614 640 590 566 523 623 786 876 827 1 066 1 209 1 301 871 1 036 1 712 854 701 844 1 521 1 782 1 698 2 256 35 270 31 034 32 360 26 675 27 521 26 093 25 637 26 223 27 061 29 050 30 909 31 654 1 289 United Kingdom + Combustible fuels + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production + Imports 731 517 539 773 411 870 1 063 1 002 591 456 447 . (1) by country (continued) (GWh) Turkey + Combustible fuels + Nuclear + Hydro + Geothermal/other = Production Jan-11 Feb-11 Mar-11 Apr-11 May-11 Jun-11 Jul-11 Aug-11 Sep-11 Oct-11 Nov-11 Dec-11 15 246 13 528 13 620 11 192 10 645 11 479 14 612 14 612 13 922 13 867 13 615 16 023 - - - - - - - - - - - - 3 105 3 046 4 392 5 486 5 913 5 458 5 045 4 318 3 604 3 580 4 057 3 655 313 355 374 413 337 375 406 685 545 487 537 488 18 664 16 929 18 386 17 090 16 895 17 313 20 062 19 615 18 071 17 934 18 209 20 166 + Imports 354 362 319 332 323 253 531 562 445 426 410 429 . Note: Please refer to Notes. Principles and Definitions in the Monthly Electricity Statistics IEA publication. .32 .Exports 1 592 1 519 1 542 1 602 1 275 1 315 1 254 1 008 1 016 913 1 129 874 = Supply 369 661 317 719 323 700 307 070 330 605 374 210 427 053 413 676 342 658 313 704 307 751 340 864 Source: IEA/OECD Monthly Electricity Statistics INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.3. Monthly net electricity supply.

42 - 1. 2011e (TWh) Oil Natural Brown Peat Gases 112.72 8.63 40.67 36.24 135.01 0.87 149.33 Table 2.58 23.01 0.11 4.62 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.97 - 1.50 3.94 - 3.84 OECD Europe 516.08 Israel 4.08 0.88 41. Municip.87 1775.00 8.54 OECD Total 3036.70 4.38 - - 0.62 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .26 0.89 35.23 11.78 94.53 41.07 - - 2. Biogases Total waste waste liq.15 0.15 546.10 271.47 1.29 6.15 0.09 1499.92 224.02 0.73 6.31 23.00 Belgium 3.06 France 20.18 217.06 0.12 0.97 0.03 0.17 15.53 - 1.51 59.79 1.47 5.85 2.23 1.00 20.00 11.48 5.87 53.22 0.17 84.99 Netherlands 21.01 0.68 5.05 - - 4.13 0.15 0.83 0.58 0.02 - 0.69 2564.13 - 0.67 0.82 3439.11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.25 15.30 52.06 0.00 5.39 - 6.49 0.37 - - 0.01 5. 2012 Coal Hard .37 8.08 0.05 59.50 9.41 - - - 44.03 4.20 22.60 2.16 142.32 - 9.49 0.04 0. 2.00 20.34 1.59 Italy Luxembourg - - - - 0.17 20.91 Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 108.77 - - 0. OECD gross electricity production from combustible fuels.28 0.13 558.19 45.72 14.21 48.65 10.57 1.68 4.79 3.21 New Zealand 1.66 0.09 0.46 8.50 1.69 362.80 0.50 - 0.19 10.14 11.02 12.17 15.07 1.32 170.67 Korea 212.48 - - - 0. biof.17 109.50 - - 1.56 - 4.04 0.13 115.98 - 0.55 - 2.29 Norway 0.57 Slovenia 0.05 53.86 53.16 64.24 0.13 - 0.95 1.58 2.73 7.00 - - - - - 0. 68.42 1.03 0.92 - - 20.50 Mexico 33.51 0.45 30.98 11.39 - 3.41 110.94 - 1.66 7.86 0.43 - - 5.12 673.13 Estonia - 10.66 1046.55 - - 0.92 9.76 1.46 3.16 30.61 0.00 Ireland 35.43 100.00 2.92 1248.26 0.04 - 3.67 106.61 0.21 3.61 - - 45.04 - - 0.72 5.28 153.09 37.04 6.18 2.20 0.13 6.89 - 5.08 51.94 39.04 0.12 0.64 0.80 Japan 311. by country.82 15.96 0.41 2.43 1.61 0.50 Finland 10.50 0.65 - - 5.4.13 - 0.41 - - 1.33 159.60 769.72 53.02 Austria 5.31 - - 0.97 - 853.80 3.16 0.52 0.41 0.65 - 0.00 142.34 301.31 13.01 0.90 Greece 0.59 0.18 0.44 0.90 1.81 7.12 55.77 3028.04 52.25 0.22 - - 3.53 0.87 145.10 0.46 0.62 412.69 Poland 87.66 - - Chile 20.51 0.09 46.00 0.43 Hungary 19.79 66.54 5.01 0.09 0.66 9.06 2.90 0.01 0.07 39.47 7.56 358.42 1.82 3.64 16.85 - - - 2.10 0.18 - 0.92 - 0.63 3.13 1.23 6838.01 4.14 - - 0.34 25.34 - - 0.93 13.III.00 - Australia Czech Republic Denmark Wood Gas Indust.59 Portugal 9.05 103.16 Iceland - - - - 0.71 Germany 0.03 36.53 - - 0.39 2.05 2.72 1.05 18.46 157.98 216.35 45.26 1.57 2.85 26.43 - 0.53 OECD Americas OECD Asia Oceania 1846.00 84.09 0.92 132.36 102.52 2.53 0.84 1899.34 0.49 2.85 17.61 148.61 0.44 0.46 - - - - 0.92 - 1.38 68.19 19.73 - - 0.43 Canada 16.09 0.66 Slovak Republic 1.47 9.37 5.03 7.16 72.69 346.44 18.21 0.01 - 0.58 0.33 2.04 1.04 2.17 - 0.02 0.30 1.58 38.64 1.06 0.09 6.

08 0.02 - 20.16 14.22 97.16 - 6.96 Luxembourg - - - - 0.03 Belgium - - - - 0.18 United Kingdom 7.68 4. 151.55 23.03 - 0.68 2.46 1.86 2.61 124.78 0.80 OECD Americas OECD Asia Oceania 241.85 62.23 1.25 141.18 Mexico - - - - - - - - - - - 16.88 0.83 0.00 31.66 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.49 - - 1.45 310.96 114.13 - - 3.23 Slovak Republic 2.57 9.98 1.96 Iceland - - - - 0.03 5.01 8.79 - 0.31 - 12.90 0.52 - 39.77 5.68 Spain Sweden Switzerland - - - - 0.87 4.64 21.85 - - 9.04 18.33 0.74 166.04 Ireland - - - - - - - - - - - Israel - - - - - - - - - - - 1. biof.14 4.34 .35 28.20 - 0.34 - 0.24 0.95 Chile - - - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic 29.81 0.26 1.08 0.26 1.16 51.00 OECD Europe 497.70 - - - - - - - - - - - 5.71 - - - 49.26 127.50 17. Biogases Total waste waste liq.09 15. OECD gross heat production(1) from combustible fuels.30 Portugal - - - - 2.53 4.27 5.64 16.21 192.91 OECD Total 654.89 1.87 58.91 0.15 Denmark 127.27 286.15 2.61 47.74 - - - - 57. .52 14.06 22.90 67.22 4.84 4.49 223.83 549.92 Estonia 0.71 0.60 119. by country.82 0.49 9.89 50.71 Italy Japan - - - - 0.70 33.56 18.55 - - 0.80 348.75 5.43 - 6.80 530.35 - 0.63 - 11.17 6.53 2.09 14.52 44.23 9.14 0.65 0. - - - - - 2.31 0.89 Finland 26.71 United States 93.45 5.34 7.00 France Germany Greece Hungary 9.46 - - - 3.49 199.88 3.94 30.28 - - 0.54 2.02 3.49 - - 0.93 Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions.12 - 6.09 9.76 0.63 0.67 51.74 69.03 - 3.25 0.95 9.38 33.58 74.03 Slovenia 0.43 53.28 - - - - - - - - - - - Netherlands New Zealand Norway 0.35 2. Municip. 2011e (PJ) Coal Hard Australia Austria Oil Natural Brown Peat Gases - - - - - - Wood Gas Indust.78 3.54 - - - 0.53 11.07 48.94 21.46 0.86 209.11 24.24 2.70 - 1.04 0.68 34.12 56.91 1347.09 - - 19.06 5.23 1.16 119.84 - - 1.75 Poland 247.11 0.24 1.21 0.08 5.42 - 3.13 15.11 0.51 2992.52 38.90 1.86 - - 0.87 2.25 0.35 10.34 907.02 2.24 - - 0.75 44.04 - - - - - 1.85 0.22 12.01 1.90 1.58 0.71 - - 9.95 2.99 28.63 0.09 Canada - - - - 1.12 13. 2012 (1) Production in industry for own use is not included.67 93.60 2.37 8.98 0.73 1.75 0.84 2233.16 169.59 0.76 5.27 34.74 450.27 44.05 Korea 62.58 5.95 34.73 - - - - 20.64 304.13 0.18 42.80 30.01 - - - 0.24 - 0.67 38.03 1.68 1.57 - - 0.81 17.68 364.97 186.68 24.15 39.07 48.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.80 - 134.85 7.00 - - 0.00 Turkey 0.III.71 - - 2.90 100.36 189.14 2.71 21.15 39.08 0.75 21.87 22.13 - - 1.46 75.68 1.18 13.5.

5 0.2 44. 9.2 1.7 140.4 3.3 1224.8 3. wave.4 -6.7 Combustible fuels .7 1.5 92.3 6.8 1394.2 .3 23.6 33.6 39.6 1.7 2.0 4264.1 43.7 108.7 267.2 2319. fuel cells) .5 3.3 212.7 Geothermal .2 6168.0 .1 25..III.1 9215.0 294.7 2. traction and lighting purposes.4 9.8 5389.5 10343.7 70.8 220.0 -0.8 1.2 - 5.0 2773.7 583.4 3230.6 0.7 3015.1 57.4 2182.1 6417.7 .4 123.1 - 3357.8 .9 1211.0 2.9 1695.5 .3 6.2 1.7 1..5 3.5 1390.3 Electrical energy supplied .7 1.9 15.6 12.3 - 18.4 8342.1 - - 0.1 2.7 43.1 28.8 -0.1 7208.0 7672. 0.0 .9 1. -0.4 6630.6 0.9 770. 23.7 148.8 107.6 0.3 Tide.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . 1.6 2887.2 32. Note: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions for data coverage.2 - 21.5 9300. 0.1 10457.1 70.1 68.3 686.9 2371.9 727.7 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Solar Tide.7 92.2 1376. 0.5 .6 347.g.3 Wind .9 9202.6 2.1 1634.4 82.1 31.9 Solar .9 411.8 373.2 82. 1.5 2.2 15..8 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 4484.3 2979.2 2.9 2132.5 0..3 3.0 7260.6 0.Used for pumped storage 19.8 3.8 Nuclear 188..2 5.1 2.6 0.5 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.3 1.0 -4.8 - 32.4 5711.4 13.1 8578.9 1843.8 520.3 595.7 27.4 5.2 1.7 1729.7 235.4 7.9 497.9 3791.2 1..6 9972.Used for heat pumps - - 0.2 3.7 243.0 0. 165.Own use by power plant (1) Net production - 0.3 65.4 -0.9 5379.2 106.0 3.5 348.3 1537.4 382.6 309.5 620..Transmission & distr.0 2544.3 6072.Exports 81.3 -0.4 Hydro 931.7 92. - 0.7 3.0 1135.Statistical difference Total consumption .0 -4.4 + Imports 87.1 625.3 0.2 20.5 2583.2 2. 3637.0 1.1 2.5 0.4 4939.3 1447.4 Sector non-specified 10.5 1.3 32.7 10422.7 9895.7 5684.6 226. 1973-2010 (TWh) (1) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 10921.6 .3 3593.5 Hydro ..4 9798. Residential Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.6 9655.8 61..1 263.1 686.7 8952.9 697..Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption Industry Transport 3772.7 1.4 1. IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.0 42.4 262.9 2.8 28.3 .6 6530.5 2506.9 3943. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.7 992.9 .3 258.9 - - 0.7 1418.8 3020.2 1.7 1411. .1 11.1 2242. 2.3 6863. - 0.5 2249..0 2.6 6. 580.5 18. losses .0 .2 6.2 .4 38.0 0.9 1085.0 3.4 3092. fuel cells) .3 1402. ocean .5 485.6 0.5 Commercial & publ. serv.0 324.2 1.3 20.4 51.0 1.5 439.4 241.5 224.4 2407.4 86.3 5.9 128.9 375.Used for electric boilers - - 0.4 5. 21.5 2.2 1.4 3. electric boilers and pumped storage.0 67.7 13.g.2 4251. 18. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 6.3 174.9 1973.8 1009.2 2138.0 - 3901.8 3.2 1108.9 6. 1094.35 Table 2..0 Other (e.8 350.5 90.2 4381.3 617.7 9.9 179.7 6492.1 498.7 1.8 2.4 7.9 385.4 4760.4 4684.5 0. wave.9 3.7 13.8 3..5 65. ocean Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Other (e.6 3746..0 -2.5 124.6.8 Nuclear .1 1684.7 9382.3 0.9 273.6 0. OECD.2 2169.6 2.2 269.1 2288. Electricity production and consumption.8 28.4 2916...6 11. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.

renew.53 86.00 95.03 23.2 Comb. Estonia.34 6.9 0.86 4.3 Solid / natural gas 17.89 10. Prior to 2001. From 1990. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Germany and the Netherlands.58 43.9 1.3 Solar Tide.g.0 4.87 -1.98 34.63 1696.5 - 0.51 10.90 6.15 5.00 396.16 2.86 450.98 - 26.85 313.III.92 205.09 2647.20 1. excludes Korea. excludes the Slovak Republic. ocean Wind Other (e.2 2.05 266.58 134.6 Liquid fuels 226..94 1659.77 175. Notes: Please refer to notes in Principles and Definitions for data coverage. Prior to 1994. 2012 From 2007.16 186. Prior to 1990. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Spain.44 5.4 -3. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Sweden.5 2. OECD.49 149.4 0.2 0. excludes Chile.07 12.24 0.82 22.1 0. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Mexico.06 2. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for France.18 21.41 118.73 30.79 58. From 1990 to 2003 and from 2006 onwards.2 -8. wave.72 981. (1) Sum of capacity for single and multi-fired plants is not equal to total capacity for combustible fuels as single and multi-fired plants capacity data are not available for all countries (see Notes).14 2.96 30.3 Natural gas 74.46 77.1 -5. From 1999.88 485.83 58.97 4. excludes new federal German states.60 22.26 0.56 52.6 -1.76 72. 1974-2010 (GW) Total Nuclear Hydro of which: pumped storage Geothermal 1974 1985 1990 2000 2009 2010 993.98 30. From 2002.99 218.49 217.8 52. 32.32 1079.29 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. & waste Multi-fired: Solid / liquid / gas 9.12 2078.76 37.43 49. Prior to 1995.58 7.46 5.6 178.39 15.98 2571.3 Solid / liquid 43.26 0.28 4.7.64 2.64 614..14 504. Prior to 1993.21 - 22. Net maximum electricity capacity.96 29.29 148. 3.36 . complete split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Canada.73 86. Prior to 1991.84 .79 302.80 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.31 86. Israel.02 0.75 1329. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for the Slovak Republic.61 16.32 1530. fuel cells) Combustible fuels(1) Average annual percent change 74-90 90-10 - - - 0.80 341. From 2000.41 192. by source.74 312.3 of which: Single fuel fired: Coal and coal products 316.12 423.4 Liquid / natural gas 68.12 439.55 3.26 0.38 0.7 1. Prior to 1982. .4 0.54 217.4 16. From 2003.46 44.52 24.0 .99 5.2 10.39 5. split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Belgium.26 0. and Slovenia.5 - - 0.87 1728.14 157.97 454.30 374.26 0.21 4.49 11.0 -1.35 1.79 490.10 - - 760. excludes the Czech Republic.87 589. complete split between single and multi-fired plants is not available for Japan.38 95.

2010 Average annual percent change 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 4521.7 336.3 2115.5 1003.6 1847.1 .. Break in series: data related to United States autoproducers plants included from 1989.2 8565..7 843.2 337.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .. (2) Includes own use in main activity producer plants..8 1.8 0.8 317.8 3263.3 3..8 9389.4 1910. .1 3..7 .9 646.7 0. ..3 1..1 4002.3 248.5 1084..6 321.6 341..1 367.0 3023.0 516..8.7 537.1 514.8 ..0 5298. 2407..7 10134. . . Electricity generation and heat sold.0 620.9 177.7 557.3 3.4 2392.9 128.3 496.6 381.1 . Electricity generation (TWh) Total(1) of which: Electricity plants CHP plants Main activity producers of which: electricity plants CHP plants Autoproducers(1) of which: Electricity plants CHP plants Heat sold to third parties (PJ) Total(2) of which: CHP plants Heat plants Main activity producers of which: CHP plants Heat plants Autoproducers of which: CHP plants Heat plants Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.. (1) Excludes pumped storage production.3 282.7 -0.6 369..2 5420.5 718.6 720.9 . .. OECD...4 2485.4 . .9 4154..8 4343.0 1..8 1971.. ...9 662. . . . Break in series: data related to United States autoproducers CHP plants INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 1159..7 317.6 590. 1671.0 305. ...1 9081. .3 -0.9 1.3 9730.2 560.6 695.4 3..3 766.1 4.. .2 648.3 . . .5 338.9 10392.4 2544.7 179. . 1. .4 606.6 511. ..5 5083.9 1529.7 326.6 356. .3 3. .. ..1 7..8 9083.3 7070.8 277. .5 .7 4. 2. 1974 .3 2.4 9775.9 116. .9 214.3 10854.6 3.1 383.2 4.6 1078.1 559.8 3.8 6731. 7629.7 420.8 8886.37 Table 2.III. 2012 included from 1989. .7 1453.1 152.2 428. 2059.2 7008.1 4.2 9438. . 5668..2 9729.9 2706. .0 631.

4125322 5230669 5973598 5914574 5540710 5798552 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas(3)(5) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Biogas and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Total combustible fuels(4) (1) Excludes CHP plants. France. Please refer to Principles and Definitions. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal for Australia.38 . (3) Coal manufactured gases. natural gas and gas works gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. . Korea. Finland. 2012 (5) Gas works gas is included in natural gas prior to 1990.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2. Japan.2010 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Hard coal(2) 711318 913399 1162024 1293690 1264836 1160008 1203505 17640495 22106325 28001401 29945415 28995751 26535898 27511872 1751965 2296849 2922815 3089804 3047738 2779200 2893180 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal 408233 502166 507801 514671 495084 477547 464697 3933955 4915057 5120723 5159029 4981902 4722830 4721916 353068 455951 489811 524121 495423 458294 461796 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Coal manufactured gases(3)(5) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 3534 3814 3532 5193 4805 4326 4932 29600 32308 29815 49088 41955 35038 43602 2236 3025 2829 5705 4715 3888 4846 582111 540308 640207 632647 553599 463191 612778 53226 54775 66956 64753 57077 49041 66104 Petroleum products 222879 145819 121294 88917 76233 61491 56824 9190958 6379108 5205064 3708838 3173194 2525841 2347241 937560 657099 526049 389613 337281 267351 253223 6252533 6187991 10545215 14866563 15158678 15094123 16165864 587496 610399 1143575 1778645 1846920 1849094 1971885 11139 353672 344363 660728 675960 701327 735638 1405 25568 33602 54430 56586 57636 63979 24560 33243 60395 32863 33123 41277 56721 2585 3403 5510 2635 2767 3581 4940 35978 228784 392362 529877 538736 529398 531068 3105 15264 29393 38473 38472 38278 38881 379 40066 124917 331736 354611 406987 517911 32 2989 10129 25419 27595 34347 39718 Electricity production (GWh) 3695470 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9. New Zealand.III. Portugal and the United States. (4) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. OECD. Belgium. Iceland. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants(1). Mexico. 1980 .

10. Finland. France. Mexico. (4) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.S. Portugal and the U. Electricity production (GWh) 1426319 1827356 2462754 2441276 2363629 2514331 (1) Includes own use in main activity producer plants. Electricity and heat production for sale(1) from combustible fuels in CHP plants. (5) Gas works gas is included in natural gas prior to 1990. New Zealand. natural gas and gas works gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. 1980 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . Japan.III. 2012 Biogas and liquid biofuels . OECD. Iceland. Belgium. (2) Includes sub-bituminous coal for Australia.2010 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Hard coal(2) 95159 102257 96621 104355 100022 94889 99829 1933892 2309026 2302843 2361319 2273284 2160448 2262957 Electricity production (GWh) 125653 179129 199571 215586 206733 192483 203954 CHP heat production (TJ) 566114 608325 496976 542733 532189 540573 560887 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP heat production (TJ) 55527 140212 95213 98860 104902 97700 101464 452337 1237152 893334 903879 955431 900345 920499 25901 86943 77986 81100 87178 81026 80981 161041 340329 177364 112732 115034 104212 111392 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) 3192 2375 3991 5649 5313 5434 6297 26726 25768 40824 58176 55499 58221 65436 Electricity production (GWh) 4194 2050 2995 4258 3873 3915 4557 CHP heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(3)(5) 6866 14414 23451 33225 32578 34392 38368 61263 195933 290077 314112 328245 259050 316727 3120 14069 27991 29777 32300 25332 30622 25865 34419 22497 37956 40103 30390 38679 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP heat production (TJ) Natural gas(3)(5) Fuel input (TJ) 16886 10040 18654 19566 17374 15907 16721 680827 407247 720391 777968 665639 648382 659794 55294 40248 68918 67182 59165 57210 55740 217857 108189 157724 270393 246341 234112 225067 396231 1860784 3831203 5026979 4963293 4779414 5251105 Electricity production (GWh) 30356 159862 394345 544574 533963 521868 572214 CHP heat production (TJ) 97176 184493 755932 1164110 1150335 1079600 1145310 825259 Wood and other solid waste 25368 1266551 619077 673222 697026 749762 Electricity production (GWh) 1970 68730 51302 70173 71985 76337 81093 CHP heat production (TJ) 7069 13788 87940 155069 163857 172903 218901 5289 80136 79645 63015 55068 67776 78249 161 4262 7724 6448 5976 6425 6883 3077 3693 5176 7673 7370 12184 14304 367601 Fuel input (TJ) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP heat production (TJ) Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) 21105 89445 194003 327772 337605 347185 Electricity production (GWh) 1313 2849 7805 15936 16689 16849 18668 CHP heat production (TJ) 3895 37009 92362 124719 139318 139113 143117 Fuel input (TJ) - 6882 30606 67248 65919 78466 92303 Electricity production (GWh) - 663 2984 6444 6602 7676 9381 - 125 3886 8394 7353 10205 10620 CHP heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(4) 247962 558960 841928 1042021 1024981 989541 1064550 CHP heat production (TJ) 1137281 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. (3) Coal manufactured gases. Korea.39 Table 2.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Belgium.11. Finland. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2. coal for Australia. Mexico. (4) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. Portugal and the U.2010 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Hard coal(2) 18562 20089 8194 7009 6803 6985 8129 Fuel input (TJ) 418375 432544 181996 164420 159615 162356 190063 Heat production (TJ) 281870 310466 147705 130656 127731 120492 150438 Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal 4739 2769 774 999 724 690 528 Fuel input (TJ) 54336 30408 10674 11810 8997 8751 7374 Heat production (TJ) 39968 21674 8021 8085 7673 5612 5652 Fuel input (1000 t) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) - 1362 796 1338 1135 843 1036 Fuel input (TJ) - 14637 8552 13759 12051 8895 10025 - 11601 7255 11576 9990 7598 8499 Fuel input (TJ) 7266 7614 12993 6824 6941 7540 8627 Heat production (TJ) 5116 5339 10550 4833 5033 5178 5925 Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(3)(5) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) Natural gas (3)(5) Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 2233 2564 1998 1012 849 1068 1207 92509 104765 82607 41953 34912 44456 50088 70446 82659 63939 34836 28973 35856 41477 111244 137036 244249 394025 364753 331102 388691 79694 100772 187445 256622 263608 249550 285328 1073 28177 63404 99099 107385 110469 126955 750 23001 53575 78772 86370 90513 102670 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) 476 261 4690 1279 2076 5763 9034 Heat production (TJ) 323 186 3797 1033 1705 3766 6723 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) 26121 72881 45795 66389 71586 83738 90912 Heat production (TJ) 14148 44560 31970 47274 50734 56763 59605 - 1991 7353 12982 12214 13351 15613 - 1313 6303 10976 10503 11520 12233 Heat production (TJ) 511522 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 (5) Gas works gas is included in natural gas prior to 1990.S. 1980 . Japan. 601756 520560 586788 594708 598837 682287 Biogas and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(4) (1) Includes own use in main activity producer plants. (2) Includes sub-bit. (3) Coal manufactured gases. New Zealand. OECD. natural gas and gas works gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. Iceland. Heat produced for sale(1) from combustible fuels in heat plants. Korea. France.40 .III.

92 2.01 0.53 .34 0.01 0.14 0.79 1.25 5.00 132. 3. 0.12 7. IEA Electricity generating capacity.51 1. 0.28 0. 2.65 . 11.13 ..69 15.79 6.60 201.53 6.g. 0..34 .44 3.16 6.90 0.01 0.55 2010 1.12 8.43 0.75 15.14 .39 11.66 .89 41.91 IEA Total 386.47 3.10 0. 1990 3.11 7.84 318. .90 .05 e e e e 2010 15.52 .. 7..38 ..39 3.85 14.84 .08 0. .00 48.60 4.10 4.05 0..00 55. 0.87 1. 0.90 1.82 IEA Total 224.56 51..47 5.99 1.02 .82 0.. 2.. ..59 5.05 0.06 1. wave.05 1. fuel cells).24 .04 0. 0.80 .85 .09 0.01 0.48 0.58 2000 0. 2.. 0.36 0. 0..08 0.68 (1) Includes multi-fired units.99 ..22 12.74 Source: IEA Country Submission (IEA Total includes Iceland and excludes Slovakia).37 0. .05 2.49 4.77 1. 0.11 3.41 ..12.04 ..79 3.78 14.35 2.01 1.14 1.67 16. 3..36 .02 e 0.65 2.79 ..12 1.20 0.86 .52 64.45 1990 1.12 0.15 0.93 1.25 4.31 141. 0.04 .21 .III.27 13.51 0.49 e 0.56 588..11 1990 24.09 1. .93 0..79 10.15 2.04 21.34 0.01 3.26 12.07 0. 0.95 26.37 321.02 0. 0.21 0. 11. 0.34 0..59 1.34 2.07 0. .38 0.91 .83 142. 0.18 ...00 0.47 10.09 3.51 0. .10 .06 e 2010 30.02 0.01 0.24 0.12 e 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .28 18. ocean and other (e.01 1.59 4.06 e 1.56 10.16 0..50 9. 0.72 0.38 0.99 . 2012 Oil .04 0.11 0.60 0.04 4. .02 e 0. 0..11 0..86 6.19 35.14 9..44 e 4.84 2.03 628.31 9.11 1..19 47.49 .63 .47 .03 0.55 8.03 40.73 165.02 1.18 34.83 .22 0.78 1.49 2..24 1. .12 e 1.. 1974-2010 (GW) Coal(1) Biofuels and waste Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 1974 11.86 2.02 1. 0.24 249.53 106. 0.60 7.26 3.18 e 1.. 2.02 2. 0.41 Table 2.65 1974 0..90 1.33 22.15 0.. 1.08 .14 ...99 11.87 6. 4.62 .14 0.58 18.59 6.88 4. 4.48 0.01 e 28.14 0..06 1990 0.91 ..92 56.62 546.83 Natural gas(1) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 1974 1...71 ..57 7..10 .10 e 2.04 0. 0. .31 1.03 51...24 7.91 0.38 . 23.39 0.01 0.89 2.20 11.27 2.41 2.98 180.. .14 2.79 14..46 .93 80.37 .28 . 0.25 4.59 16.07 0.16 9.07 15. .24 2.77 .94 2.90 0.10 0. 0...21 1.01 0.68 23.08 27.56 51.29 18.80 0.44 50.69 . (2) Includes tide. . 1.62 407.13 0.90 19.05 25.27 e 2010 0.47 7.58 1.37 .01 ...11 0.24 0. 0.86 46...64 7.58 0.16 7. 1.84 14..59 e 0.94 0.17 307..01 17.10 1.53 e 0.10 422.23 29.16 2.07 604.. . 4.59 .97 7.11 2000 6.47 .20 0. 1...54 5.22 2.96 2000 28.14 .10 0..41 e . 13.15 0.20 0.01 e 5.73 3.59 0..27 11.41 0.23 0.11 2... 51.25 e 0.90 0.16 0.39 1.48 e 0.34 8.94 1. 0.40 29.97 0.16 0. 0.12 1.. 9.09 9.23 35.16 10..80 1. 0. 0.23 42..71 9.02 2000 1.87 243.24 12.96 1974 0.33 0. 1.75 0.83 0.85 0.49 2.74 0. 2.16 9.65 1.. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.15 .28 39.40 33.58 41.

20 11.67 6.91 0.01 2.72 0.69 84.76 0.81 1. 1690.09 1.02 0.92 266.14 25.65 .26 0.40 43.18 27.32 3.54 12.45 0.38 1.18 4.02 0.01 0.72 0.83 4.20 7.96 16.24 0.30 6.18 0.82 17.52 75.76 31.03 53.53 20.73 74.58 1.05 1.38 66.95 15.02 .31 11.01 4.60 406.48 16.36 10.16 - 1990 0.76 3.89 3.06 1.50 13.95 1. 0.77 13.39 101.04 4.13 2.95 e 0.56 7.88 363.61 10.98 8.01 2.42 34.09 48.75 8.08 13.82 4.85 45.04 0.20 12.72 21.34 16.06 0.52 78.56 33.53 .32 10.56 181.66 Total 1974 19.17 2010 2.38 2.22 103.02 1974 0.66 1990 5.98 3.29 0.51 6.38 0.41 1.75 22.34 5.13 27.94 3.59 IEA Total 0.26 118.01 2.76 21.12 298.10 2.73 13.02 0.90 15.68 124.10 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 2010 5.00 0.54 16.49 287.32 73.70 1.74 5.38 156. wave.81 56.67 .46 3.75 6.58 4.36 20.05 0.13 0.70 1.01 0.13 0.76 2.20 0.98 10.45 812.25 10.40 1.40 59.05 1.06 0.27 0.18 22.41 Source: IEA Country Submission (IEA Total includes Iceland and excludes Slovakia).62 1.34 983.41 5.69 8.01 3.49 97.41 2.51 14.00 48.64 2000 5.58 (1) Includes multi-fired units.50 9.71 10.81 6.60 16.12 8.20 3.81 0.45 2.00 0.77 e 1990 38.25 Nuclear 1990 8.53 1.21 .34 1.86 433.05 0.22 420.01 0. 2012 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 1974 5.07 12..62 26.45 1.71 8..50 1.38 0..00 e 2.20 58.00 0.09 18.14 104.47 2.20 30.65 12.71 16..III.32 136.10 0.40 1.36 2000 9.51 7. 0.35 46.92 2000 0.69 52.41 67.21 0.55 .70 28.72 1.53 17.81 21.12 11.42 30..51 7.56 194.31 13.01 0.24 0.05 1.08 0.39 0.01 1.33 11.22 0.97 9.00 0. 0.20 e e e e © OECD/IEA.23 0.92 101.94 3.26 e e e e 2000 2010 46.11 16.98 3.29 1.41 97.34 1.07 0.41 - .46 9.90 2.45 17.88 1.26 0.50 0.85 2.41 0.69 18.50 0.93 12.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.27 16.72 36.21 e 11.50 45.07 1.77 37.17 0.11 15.01 0.91 23.49 2.92 53. ocean and other (e.01 4.96 6.51 106.34 0.21 0. 5.03 0.14 15.06 26. IEA Electricity generating capacity.g.88 0.02 0.91 3.32 3.45 16.97 2.79 2.22 1.23 16.12 e 0.55 3.49 260.00 2006.04 5.51 0..18 3.35 99.90 92.64 63.42 5.36 2.01 0.53 13.39 93.19 15.29 0.67 3.26 16.76 2.24 18.98 0.61 1.28 9.00 0.14 13.07 2.41 0. 0.28 31.87 101.13 0. 1974-2010 (continued) (GW) Hydro IEA Total 175.97 7.72 15.10 2.73 2.45 7..09 38.13 0.12 1.12.46 45.96 17.32 111. fuel cells).28 9. (2) Includes tide.00 0.07 27.25 8.63 e 1041.25 29.91 .25 13.34 104.08 2.46 1.24 17.02 0.24 11.78 .98 3.83 2.52 47.51 18..32 5.09 4.62 24.08 Geothermal/solar/wind(2) 1974 0.77 33. 1.26 49.27 98.04 0.88 25.68 114.90 18.07 0.75 2541.15 1.44 36.32 20.36 55.02 0.12 8.00 2. 0.01 2.03 3.19 28.05 0.11 57.25 18.42 .30 0.51 2010 9.95 11. 2.96 25.13 e 20. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 309.42 8.11 3.06 0.56 4.21 733.53 21.62 2.04 5.18 4.43 75.70 63.54 1.31 6.69 14.87 23.15 1.05 0.

9 25.1 336.9 1016.4 10.2 54.6 29.3 49.8 .9 1.7 39.1 e e e e e 2008 2009 213.8 56.3 179.5 .6 125.7 9655. by country.6 1661.8 37.5 46.electricity used for pumped storage .7 60.9 112.8 1686.3 2. 1.8 471.8 131.exports .1 83.8 172.1 268..8 4.6 3589.0 2.7 57.6 127.1 3.1 32.0 414.0 .5 .4 e 263.1 7.9 15.used for heat pumps .0 299.0 29.8 45.5 458.0 47.5 .3 16.5 100.9 8.9 497.7 758.8 78.9 2.1 34.3 421.0 9.5 160.4 130.4 460. (1) Includes data for new federal German states.7 3.5 1034. 14.8 5.8 3901.6 4.4 1.4 117.5 7..7 2.0 323.3 9.5 688.2 12.2 2.4 340.0 501.4 .6 109.0 59.1 7.3 49.8 8.8 218.4 .1 7.2 e 3724.0 30.5 12. 0.6 11.6 2334..5 60.9 447.2 2808.8 55.1 3.0 20.1 47.9 25.3 1715.9 2.8 5.6 25.7 45. 5..8 279.6 128..4 35.9 2712.3 242. 2012 = final consumption + energy sector consumption.0 18.9 .0 .1 6.1 2..9 3892.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .4 13. 1.5 6.0 213.0 e e e e Average annual percent change 60-73 73-10 8.4 331.3 2.0 12.5 76.7 0..9 28.5 126.2 54.4 7.7 5..5 67. .3 15.2 106. .8 956.8 e e e e 2010 211.5 34.0 52.8 98.4 337. 2.3 58.3 85. 2.III.6 99. OECD Electricity consumption.6 52.3 .2 59.9 208.6 4699.9 12..4 114.0 62.4 4478.3 12.4 .9 3.7 9. .1 e 503..0 .6 135.3 33.6 18.9 156..5 115..8 12. 9. 3. 4.0 52.4 2.2 1472.8 512.2 166.1 29.2 109. . 5.6 215.0 4.9 33.7 69.9 7.1 6.6 35.0 38.3 410.2 ..8 79.8 6.6 15.5 1.6 481.5 284.8 61.4 8. 9.5 1.1 5.own use by power plants .5 57..4 274. 1.3 122.8 3220.2 38.4 110. .4 27.3 408.0 58.43 Table 2.1 3. except for 1960.1 28.3 36...1 79.2 510. 47.1 309.3 16.8 e 94..2 .8 2.1 491.5 55. .7 131.9 2..1 6.4 98.9 11...6 540. 5.5 2..6 6.9 43.13.9 350.9 ..1 209.4 38.5 5.5 11.1 8578.2 24..9 260.2 433.8 50.4 10.8 120.9 ..7 1774..2 48.transmission and distribution losses INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 33.7 6.used for electric boilers .9 .3 24.0 15.8 8.4 6.8 38..1 12.4 e 22. 7.0 65.1 1978.2 108.9 3223.3 112.7 9609..3 23.3 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.8 3.3 .4 7.7 129.8 543.7 85.0 e 950.7 27. 1.6 . 1973 1990 2000 52.8 31.4 5.6 13..9 7.2 194.2 .8 1412.8 59.0 62.3 1.8 2.9 24.5 161.8 25.8 37.4 15.5 134.0 .5 10.9 979.2 2..9 .6 4297. Note: Electricity consumption = gross production + imports .5 4660. 10.0 97.1 75.8 25.2 7.6 100. 2. 1960-2010 (TWh) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany(1) Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD Total OECD Americas OECD Asia Oceania OECD Europe 1960 17..3 59.7 46.3 9215.4 7.1 34.7 528.1 53.2 223.2 1. 11. 8.3 3261.4 3074.4 319.8 26.0 .0 3907.0 4.4 7. 14.5 6. .4 6630.7 60.4 84.3 15. .

93 443.90 2979.03 226.95 3098.74 77.40 792.37 169.12 67.06 9609.25 181. 2012 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.01 0.03 598.47 212.9 2.66 3229.72 107.58 222.28 105.70 108.17 260.18 61.50 171.38 226. by sector.55 2.43 78.18 198. 1973-2010 (TWh) Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 73-10 Total consumption (TWh) 3901.07 332.5 2.56 9655.08 60.22 280.33 343.1 0.14 118. oil and gas extraction.70 23.39 165.4 -0.70 520.49 289.1 7.72 3015.37 90.13 10.38 161.50 326.24 1684.30 301.35 4939.31 3098.16 579.77 262.74 85.51 309.16 236. OECD.33 291.10 89.01 284.49 238.32 412. . Table 2.8 2.51 2407.27 382.35 333.1 1.19 140.35 55.54 259.08 379.11 42.86 80.06 2169.30 273.69 2916.29 128. 1973-2010 (TWh) Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 73-10 1843.12 1009.54 70.74 105.1 1.31 9215.78 266. Electricity consumption.19 2929.5 Industry Transport Agriculture and fishing Commercial and publ.56 237.79 14.52 424. Residential Energy(1) Sector non specified 1843.09 32.56 334.44 .19 737.7 1.57 292.15.39 9. OECD.38 278.70 1.75 398.0 3.3 1.8 2.87 2773.35 1.67 92.37 120.54 830.77 109.67 44.06 302.77 85.73 104.08 198.22 373.26 2887.34 149.60 96.41 301. CHP and heat plants and electricity used for pumped storage.17 80.14 22.54 2583.55 353. petroleum refineries and elsewhere in energy industries and excludes own use in electricity.45 274.31 2905.04 120. by industry.53 51.32 127.75 315.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.63 66.40 516. serv.17 277.90 174.76 1085.12 16. (1) Includes use in coal mines.43 6630.3 Total industry (TWh) INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.38 2.69 56.78 264.95 106. pulp and print Wood and wood products Construction Textiles and leather Non specified/other 257. Electricity consumption.9 Total consumption (Mtoe) 335.5 3.18 3020.37 3229.20 58.53 263.79 570.17 72.33 11.3 Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Paper.5 3.41 2506.04 50.53 92.8 1.53 93.14 1447.7 2.5 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries.23 22.64 235.94 10.53 93.71 826.64 96.72 15.68 6.III.75 161.51 186.00 106.28 164.54 3015.74 111.95 360.8 1.80 113. Note: The final consumption of electricity reported in Table 3 of OECD in Part III excludes energy consumed in energy industries.62 237.12 117.84 82.77 2773.89 179.42 1973.45 727.18 2169.62 114.1 Total industry (Mtoe) 158.98 570.74 347.2 0.24 70.62 211.38 52.45 324.11 8578.14.88 2583.80 360.55 1.

45 Table 2.34 9.54 0. 1982861 1982135 1920188 2146887 1.65 0.09 8.18 0.06 1.09 1.50 47.63 39.67 9.24 0.96 2.98 3.16.22 0.39 6.63 0.24 11.02 1.25 0.13 4.33 - - - 0. Spain - - - - - - - - Sweden 2.15 6.59 1.85 51.64 - OECD Total(1.2) OECD Americas (TJ) (2) OECD Asia Oceania (TJ) (1) (1) Break in series: data related to Korea included from 1991 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.48 3.60 0.25 0.04 0.05 0.39 2.22 - United Kingdom United States(2) 0.58 5.12 Portugal 0.35 2.72 7.40 -3.8 Canada 1.19 0.56 6..37 2.02 0.49 0.10 0.83 10.05 - Hungary 1.84 3.38 6.35 47.61 1.67 Denmark 5.02 0.38 - Poland 18.2) 35.29 - - 0. 1980-2010 (Mtoe) Average annual percent change Australia 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1980-2010 - - - - - - - - Austria 0.14 2.39 0.79 6...33 - 0.09 -1..17 0.38 Chile 0.62 2.85 2.03 2.41 0.19 0.97 -3.96 6.35 58.65 42..28 7.02 1.71 0.31 2.30 0.29 4.15 Slovenia .82 2.44 1.20 3.71 3.88 6.26 0.44 4.69 9.34 1.98 4.07 2.37 0.09 3.66 4.55 0. 1.51 63.07 0.52 1.18 0.57 0.50 1.16 1. 2012 (2) Break in series: data related to United States autoproducers CHP plants included from 1989.19 5.63 Switzerland 0.33 OECD Europe OECD Total (TJ)(1.52 0.67 1.24 0..07 3.36 1.22 - 2.46 2.39 0.84 Ireland - - - - - - - - Israel - - - - - - - - Italy - - - 3.. Finland 1.29 1.09 0.02 0.11 - New Zealand - - - - - - - - Norway - 0.53 .20 0.31 0.03 0.88 0.29 8.19 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .15 5.24 3.34 0.19 1. 4270 8361 160484 217261 221723 208751 205776 .26 5.83 Estonia .24 0.83 5.32 0.79 6.00 7.41 2. 34.18 0.57 0.33 45.48 2.40 2.15 4.15 4.49 0.04 . OECD Europe (TJ) 1445473 1659446 1654111 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.04 0.52 Iceland 0.51 0.81 0.03 1.65 Slovak Republic 0..09 4.63 - - 0.02 0.76 0.23 2. 43140 116655 255133 335084 323459 321377 294683 .89 2.33 1492883 1784462 2069728 2535206 2527317 2450316 2647346 .59 4.55 4.21 1.47 0.54 Germany 7.43 10.22 .91 .72 1.25 1.12 - 2.67 7.39 1.19 . Turkey OECD Americas (2) OECD Asia Oceania (1) 0. 2.51 0.79 France 0.27 1.14 1.94 6.29 4..45 1.27 2.77 0.33 4.13 0.01 0.32 0.45 0.62 0..03 - Greece Japan Korea(1) Luxembourg Mexico - - - - - - - - Netherlands - 0.7 Belgium 0.25 2.59 1.09 - - - - - - - - Czech Republic 1.17 3.06 4.13 0.54 60.10 0.22 10.80 0. .34 1.74 7. by country.III.20 0.43 60.47 1.03 0.74 0.20 6.03 0.98 - - 3.52 39.10 0.24 6. OECD Final consumption of heat.72 4.91 3.61 49.38 0. 0.01 15.06 2.03 0.76 2.17 0.

07 806.02 Sector non specified 0.14 0. by sector .60 91.41 - - 0.43 -3.42 Commercial and publ. 2535206 2527317 2450316 2647346 1.18 7. Share of final consumption. OECD.43 Residential 2. 2012 (1) Includes non-energy use.43 60.00 100.17. serv.99 -0.41 6. 1980-2010 (per cent of total) Average annual percent change Total final consumption Industry 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 80-10 100.80 8.89 3.14 45.71 41.22 37.00 31.14 21. .8 Transport Agriculture and fishing Commercial and publ.67 3.14 74. 0.59 33.9 TFC (TJ) 1492883 1784462 2069728 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.70 0. Final consumption of heat.15 36. 6. by sector(1).7 Residential 38.50 0.37 2. serv.04 15.22 1.85 42.30 14.98 0.51 63.95 0.35 58.05 52.90 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.46 .2 TFC (Mtoe) 35.96 30.19 8.57 17.33 0.31 0.29 Transport 0. Note: Excludes direct use of geothermal and solar heat.51 Non-energy use 0.00 0.51 0.30 0.79 - Agriculture and fishing 2.07 8.72 41.30 34.57 17.86 1.9 (1) Break in series: data related to United States autoproducers CHP plants included from 1989.64 35.00 100.89 0.79 12.92 3.10 0.4 - - - - - - - - 1.68 8.71 736.3 Sector non specified 10.82 7.75 18.85 6. by source.00 100.18.85 3.00 100.21 - - - - - TFC (%)(1) 3. 2010 (per cent of total) Coal Oil Natural gas Industry Biofuels & waste Geo- Solar thermal thermal Electricity Heat 12.III.00 1766. Table 2.34 31.01 93.66 0.86 1.95 180.61 49.54 60.65 -1.09 -0.00 - 43.34 51.63 18.12 0.81 33.37 0.00 100.18 2.00 100.32 13.85 7.87 63.62 5.65 42.39 3.50 0.47 47. OECD.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2.47 13.35 0.41 41.34 0.87 19. 2.03 0.62 3.97 4.65 17.46 31.68 35.57 30.22 TFC (Mtoe) 128.02 12.69 15.42 14.76 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.87 0.

Table 2. 2012 Note: Excludes Chile.23 3.79 -2.95 -15.30 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . -4.06 10. 1973-2010 Coal Biofuels & waste Total consumption Industry -2.58 - 5. serv. OECD.58 -1.45 8.45 - -2.85 4.38 - 9. the Czech Republic.51 11.19.11 5.76 11.37 6.73 43.74 Natural Electricity gas Heat Total 6. Mexico.49 - 6.55 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.84 0.17 6.62 - 6.07 - - 9.38 78.23 1.62 9.84 - 1. Israel.44 4.69 8.34 - 6.36 4.59 1.94 Commercial and publ.08 - -8.66 1.01 Transport Agriculture and fishing Non-energy use -2.36 - 0.23 1.09 4. Note: Excludes Chile.55 5.60 0.71 -2.20. the Czech Republic. the Slovak Republic.31 Residential -3. .99 9. by source.57 -0.49 - 0.54 2.99 3.09 -2. Final consumption.61 6.00 10.01 29.72 38.39 18.70 18.09 0.23 -1.93 Transport Agriculture and fishing Non-energy use 12.42 Residential -4.21 - -2. Estonia.34 1.06 -11.93 Heat Total 2.27 0.46 1. the Slovak Republic.35 0.55 2. OECD.21 0.77 - 10. average annual rate of growth (%).61 -2.61 -0.70 2.68 -3.69 6.69 Sector non specified -9. and Slovenia. serv. 1960-1973 Coal Biofuels & waste Total consumption Industry Crude Petroleum oil products -2.55 8. by sector.01 - - 1.35 1. Korea.09 1. Hungary.01 1.52 - 2. -0. and Slovenia.20 4. average annual rate of growth (%).07 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .80 5.87 -10.85 7. Final consumption.25 6.50 0. by source.12 10.48 14. Hungary.51 2.27 19. Mexico.42 16.09 4.34 3.67 10.47 Table 2.88 Commercial and publ.06 0.52 - 1. Israel.32 Crude Petroleum oil products Natural Electricity gas 2. by sector. Korea.05 - - 5.00 - 7.III.97 -0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Estonia.76 11.11 Sector non specified -0.

1475 258 1369 3025 1100 1690 Finland 427 4556 11007 12206 16107 15460 15719 17656 France Germany(1) 1787 4654 6674 3695 10748 18517 19435 9501 5964 19685 31669 45134 41670 41859 42962 51005 Greece 9 79 1330 1729 7575 7600 8517 7180 Hungary . 2012 (1) Includes data for new federal German states. 282197 326654 310845 320745 349515 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. - - - - - - - 237 3248 35577 44831 43433 47070 45987 47349 81 2827 4678 6445 6830 6022 7280 7096 .III. 68330 217676 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries. - - - - - - - OECD Europe .. except for 1960.. 3024 7255 5951 9412 8994 7334 11227 Italy Luxembourg Mexico Slovenia .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2. 3 - 1190 1154 1348 958 734 Czech Republic ...... . OECD Total electricity imports. 5732 13299 9523 12774 10972 9897 14664 Ireland - 74 - 169 753 939 760 732 Israel ...21... 2926 8179 8725 8520 8586 6642 10457 11693 Denmark 397 1002 11973 8417 12815 11208 10599 Estonia . 1716 4232 6218 6156 8014 7029 Spain 257 315 3208 12268 5881 6751 5206 7932 Sweden 264 5950 12909 18308 12754 13765 14931 12477 34824 Switzerland 1306 7018 20754 24330 31601 31368 33401 Turkey - - 176 3791 789 812 1144 4747 United Kingdom - 177 11990 14308 12294 6609 7144 8689 5323 16848 22506 48592 57019 52191 45083 52301 United States OECD Total . 87747 258539 348390 409042 382893 385869 417674 OECD Americas . by country. .. 1960-2011e (GWh) 1960 1973 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 2011e Austria 641 3261 6839 13824 19796 19542 19898 24980 Belgium 402 1650 4785 11645 17158 9486 12395 13189 Canada 357 2249 17781 15342 23864 18163 18686 14528 Chile .48 .. . 19417 40863 66193 82388 72048 65124 68159 OECD Asia Oceania .. 317 576 1069 351 346 397 596 Netherlands 257 7 9679 22946 24967 15452 15583 20621 Norway 210 66 334 1474 3412 5651 14673 11255 Poland 659 2011 10437 3290 9034 7403 6310 6780 Portugal 1 68 1733 4698 10744 7598 5814 6742 Slovak Republic .

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . - 1945 195 1452 1249 1349 1293 139 1352 471 4031 9116 10561 12807 11530 Italy Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands Norway 78 5259 16241 20529 17275 14634 7124 14329 Poland 357 3765 11478 9663 9703 9594 7664 12022 Portugal - 78 1696 3767 1313 2822 3191 3929 Slovak Republic ... by country. 2012 (1) Includes data for new federal German states...... 18856 40601 65856 80986 71169 64845 68301 OECD Asia Oceania . - - - - - - - Czech Republic . 62585 202504 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries. 1960-2011e (GWh) Austria 1960 1973 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 2011e 2544 4808 7298 15192 14933 18762 17567 16751 Belgium 365 2405 8509 7319 6561 11321 11844 10652 Canada 5512 16286 18130 50983 55336 51782 44389 51971 Chile . 8477 1187 2310 2943 4354 5252 Finland 5 237 364 326 3335 3375 5218 3805 France Germany(1) 1849 7543 52112 73174 58736 44451 50184 65914 1799 8123 30739 42077 61770 54132 57917 54769 Greece 1 34 619 1740 1962 3233 2811 3947 Hungary .49 Table 2.. 184 2059 8647 8891 7682 6293 10500 Slovenia . .. 5135 8871 18742 19989 22230 21590 27501 10375 Denmark 293 1226 4925 7752 11360 10874 11734 Estonia .22. . 280502 316895 298939 306141 344432 INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..III. 1070 2152 6083 8871 5459 4702 8022 Ireland - 29 - 71 303 175 290 242 Israel . 2704 5553 7820 9222 10136 8299 406 2331 3628 7827 16920 14855 13539 14023 Sweden 1030 5216 14677 13630 14715 9080 12853 19692 Switzerland 32237 Spain 3822 10516 22862 31400 32736 33525 32881 Turkey - - 907 437 1122 1546 1918 3837 United Kingdom 1 114 47 134 1272 3748 4481 2467 788 2570 20526 14678 24198 18138 19107 15037 United States OECD Total .. except for 1960. 57 456 1457 3666 3783 3966 4224 365 2369 922 484 3398 2111 1827 1723 72 791 746 737 2484 2604 3216 2614 ... 57 456 1457 3666 3783 3966 4224 OECD Europe . 81498 243561 347815 401547 373891 374952 416957 OECD Americas .. . OECD Total electricity exports.

1891 15145 13449 12131 .... - - - - - .. 7. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . OECD Asia Oceania(3) Imports Total from: Exports Total to: OECD Other OECD Europe(4) Imports Total from: Total to: OECD(5) Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (6) Other(7) .61 2.... .. 5384 18244 27706 29325 29331 . .... - .. . 46335 27425 1694 1499 1322 ... ....50 .96 OECD(5) .. 4. Bulgaria.29 . 19414 40863 81234 70700 64166 . - - 456 3666 3783 3966 4224 - 11.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 2. . (5) Excludes Mexico for 1960. 456 3666 3783 3966 .III. - - 1154 1348 958 .. 4. 2012 Exports .. - - - - .. - - Other . 14. 2. .. .40 Other(7) . .48 2.74 .. 9... 18856 40601 80735 70931 63846 .65 Non-OECD Europe and Eurasia (6) ..74 2. ..23..09 . Romania.61 2.. (3) Includes Albania.05 1. Slovenia.. Serbia and Montenegro. . .. 170664 293823 277048 286006 ..... ...44 2. .48 2. (6) Includes Argentina (7) Refers to Israel INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. Liechtenstein and non-specified. 29949 7927 8442 8004 . . 12355 62585 202504 316895 298939 306141 344432 7.... 16611 172007 297254 280021 290092 . - 251 238 999 .. 1960-2011e (GWh) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1960 1973 1990 2008 2009 2010 2011e 5680 19414 40863 82388 72048 65124 68159 4.. Bosnia-Herzegovina. Electricity trade.28 . (1) Excludes Czech Republic. . .42 .. (4) Includes Andorra...36 OECD Americas(1) Imports Total from: OECD Other(2) .62 .. FYR of Macedonia. . 12240 68330 217676 326654 310845 320745 349515 7.15 2.. - - - - - .. 6300 18856 40601 80986 71169 64845 68301 4. Croatia. - - - - - - - - - OECD . (2) Prior to 1991 includes only imports and exports of Former Federal Republic of Germany. .37 Exports Total to: OECD Other(2) . Hungary and the Slovak Republic for 1960. .

1 109.4 101.1 74.3 117.7 123.3 107.0 Households 122.0 82.0 109.5 85.6 113.2 106.0 Coal Industry 111.4 79.7 111.0 82.6 80.5 104.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .7 Households 67.4 93.1 88.9 106.0 60.8 106.6 101.0 104.9 109.4 108.1 154.2 95.0 104.1 70.3 106.4 118.7 106. 2012 prices.7 107.9 113.8 102.5 Both sectors 56.2 112.7 95.1 110. (1) Industry includes prices for automotive diesel oil.8 102.9 109.2 138.9 83.3 90.1 63.1 102.9 138.1 101.8 126.3 104.5 138.5 66.8 136.7 116.9 112.8 107.0 96.0 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.III.8 148.6 96. .3 106.8 102.2 92.6 118.6 144.8 108.7 81. (2) Households includes prices for gasoline.1 80.1 72.1 Both sectors 104.0 123.0 105.8 109.1 86.6 104.0 Both sectors 74.2 110.0 113.6 Households 87.6 68.1 75.0 105.9 79.0 Households 55.1 107.6 116.8 111.0 144.4 115.3 105.4 58.5 80.5 104.0 93.8 105.2 134.7 98.4 109.7 114.1.1 Both sectors 78.0 63.2 97.6 82. OECD: Indices of real energy prices for end-users (2005=100) 1978 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total energy Industry 70.5 112.2 114.9 Oil products Industry(1) 58.1 Both sectors 107.1 63.4 104.6 110.0 118.8 109.6 101.4 52.6 128.3 124.7 108.1 84.6 64.0 123.8 82.8 98.4 149.9 110.1 106.9 81.5 102.7 Natural gas Industry 49.9 103. Note: "Real" price indices are the current price indices divided by the country specific producer price index for industrial INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 124.0 108.8 78.5 107.4 104.3 Households(2) 83. and by the consumer price index for the household sector.8 115.51 Table 3.5 123.6 105.7 113.8 93.9 111.4 Electricity Industry 97.9 77.6 105.8 79.2 102.4 156.

7 95. .4 89.5 112.2 103.3 83.8 106.3 106.52 .6 Households 90.5 88. .5 Households(2) 86..7 116.8 109.6 103.4 83.6 98.2 108. Note: "Real" price indices are the current price indices divided by the country specific producer price index for industrial INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 137.4 86.1 77.3 54.8 48..7 126.7 95.9 118.5 94.5 Both sectors 85.4 83.4 119.2.2 59.7 Households 136.1 107.5 128..7 68.2 110. 2012 prices.5 90.5 80.5 119.2 111.1 132.0 56.4 114.3 66.2 109. . .4 63.8 Industry 45.8 118.5 109. United States: Indices of real energy prices for end-users (2005=100) 1978 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total energy Industry 71..6 110.0 103.8 134.8 Coal Industry 127.3 108.2 89.4 130.3 71.7 119.0 105.4 Both sectors 81.8 118.0 108.2 103.1 90.8 95.8 106.1 73. .5 67.8 83.0 120.2 98.6 122.1 78.0 68.8 106. (2) Households includes prices for gasoline..9 109.2 92.0 105.2 101. and by the consumer price index for the household sector.0 138.6 74. ..0 106.5 59.8 96.3 94.2 102..9 72.1 73.7 Both sectors 53.5 76.5 105.6 105.8 Oil products Industry(1) 57.1 98..5 102. .1 104. ..5 98.1 74.3 66.4 Households 60.5 61.6 134.2 68.3 Both sectors 125.7 106.1 109. Both sectors 127.2 97.7 Households .0 75.1 133.0 74.0 119. .III.4 106.7 141.4 124.0 138.2 123.1 45.6 108.3 130.4 115.2 74.2 123.8 98.7 105.1 Natural gas Electricity Industry 109. (1) Industry includes prices for automotive diesel oil.8 109.1 103.1 141.9 108.0 95.8 114..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 3.6 69.8 54.1 133.3 135.2 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.1 109.0 95. .7 108.9 107.6 86.

.3 62.3 105.1 87.9 99.6 95.7 105.7 127.9 107.0 60.8 138.3 112.4 128.1 Both sectors 78.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .3 117.1 119.8 108.9 128.2 Both sectors 72.8 Households 106.1 83.9 Households 55.7 Coal Industry 86.0 108.1 83.6 119.6 121.9 78.5 117.6 116.0 95.1 93.6 121.4 114.3 84.0 126.3.8 Both sectors 64.6 Households 82.9 81.5 138. and by the consumer price index for the household sector.6 114.2 94.5 Oil products Industry(1) 52.1 72.1 110.5 119.53 Table 3.8 136.5 76.7 78.5 106.8 Households 83.3 96.9 133. 2012 prices.0 86.4 104.2 97.5 80.6 126.6 107.9 125.3 105.1 114.1 110.9 154.8 77.8 109.4 121.3 96.9 131.9 107.4 93.8 119.7 Both sectors 98.0 111.2 134.8 138.5 134.5 102.3 90.9 109.0 72.3 132.3 119.9 124.3 134.1 132.6 100.III.9 111.4 Households(2) 77.6 84.8 80.3 Both sectors 67.7 72.3 109.4 68.1 124.6 88.6 106.7 114.9 116.7 128.0 104.7 103.8 87.2 Electricity Industry 94.1 107.2 127.1 115.7 75.6 97. (2) Households includes prices for gasoline.7 136.0 72. Note: "Real" price indices are the current price indices divided by the country specific producer price index for industrial INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 102.7 106.3 108.4 128.6 121.7 96.9 61.7 106.8 78.3 78.8 74.3 95.1 105.1 82.6 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.5 112.2 117.0 123. OECD Europe: Indices of real energy prices for end-users (2005=100) 1978 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total energy Industry 65.6 138.6 99.6 108.3 128.2 134.8 106.9 82.2 87.2 121.0 151.6 83.6 134.4 Natural gas Industry 59.8 95. (1) Industry includes prices for automotive diesel oil.1 74.3 101.2 113.6 116.0 117.5 120.4 104.

6 111.1 156.1 99.1 176.0 100.1 112.7 112.8 93..4 96.3 98.9 121.1 119.1 42.9 110.8 120.6 116.4 106.8 154..0 98. .1 Households 109. .. Note: "Real" price indices are the current price indices divided by the country specific producer price index for industrial INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 116..8 111..2 98..4 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.5 113.0 104. .8 71.7 144.1 104.1 105.9 108.8 132.0 109.3 Households 119.3 88.3 141.8 106. 2012 prices.3 141.3 143.1 122. (1) Industry includes prices for automotive diesel oil.2 105.5 99.8 111.2 114.7 92.4 76.1 110.3 90.5 97.3 89.2 124.4 135.6 111.3 113.2 184.2 118.5 108.. .6 100.9 116. and by the consumer price index for the household sector.9 97.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 3.3 101.4 Oil products Industry(1) 76.8 Households(2) 110.7 117.9 Both sectors 110.0 123.2 108.2 Both sectors 97.III.8 111. .6 Both sectors 105.1 132. .4 Both sectors 124.1 102.4 110. .2 111.0 103.0 115.9 100. .1 77.4 120.6 111.8 106.8 106.4 99.6 Coal Industry Natural gas Electricity Industry 96.9 114.0 110.2 113. Both sectors 132.9 105..8 108.1 77.8 102.6 112.3 Industry 183.5 103. Japan: Indices of real energy prices for end-users (2005=100) 1978 1980 1990 2000 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total energy Industry 93..5 137.2 132.5 117.0 121.5 104.4 161.0 100.9 106.1 42.4 111.0 106.3 80.0 97.4 104.2 184.4 114. .2 68.9 99.1 98.4 99.1 176.2 126. (2) Households includes prices for gasoline.2 107.4.5 130.54 ..5 107.3 Households .6 116.8 98.7 100.0 Households 137.8 108.3 139.8 114.0 117.2 112.4 161.4 108.3 106.4 100.1 127.6 188.6 112.9 121.2 106. .1 166.

411 92.6 795.2 518.1 491.3 467.305 149.875 157.8 295.981 57.642 121..4 .884 114.542 2010 .062 279..641 127.336 2009 .848 89.2 3369.196 131..940 143.2 827.3 943.001 58.0 972.0 599.8 .673 151.2 743.918 68.8 723.140 178.5 376.6 1415.9 355.3 715.5 569. 104.420 26.420 97.3 772.2 1460. .6 2022. 97.8 406. 89..254 . .874 2011 .4 857.623 138.6 1530..500 37..8 1754.1 . 437.0 552. 495.983 28.5.8 2081.8 .6 1283.6 1072.171 115. .706 77.8 805.265 131. 734.026 31.3 760.161 18.6 1218.362 112.249 47.9 2075.955 22.2 1399.8 673..4 813. 48.9 704.4 663.907 132..4 1964. .382 24.693 47..7 1595.8 555.436 36.0 428.4 1095.051 27.986 115.0 .972 96.063 67. 134.3 444.674 108.376 93.406 48. 1363.416 289.2 905.9 588.265 129.1 1623.3 723.526 62..900 49...457 147.794 1990 45.426 2000 45. .3 1481.799 145.6 1984.5 .5 1561. 39.1 745.647 84.904 ..4 320.074 88.6 670.3 .2 534. .768 139.9 729.321 60.443 .742 38.4 654.921 159.1 755...690 . 109.889 151.956 69.748 129.7 1045. 1561.531 125.379 120. 134.825 128. 1794.718 48.6 1830.5 256.. 1269.414 98.3 241.2 1560.808 116.55 Table 3.316 40..918 121.4 559.631 121.142 56.043 65.941 20.2 1401.4 1305.5 1089.207 123.2 1286.238 69.3 1199. 515. 26.6 2161.228 .395 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 311.300 34.4 2009 .5 961...283 65..4 688.941 93.460 .435 106.8 1122.6 493.581 .739 168.303 114..093 154.146 157.4 ..931 19.8 471.005 42.389 69.1 .696 139.2 1665.283 48..5 1533. 63.7 789.287 173.5 1510.178 38.571 42.094 138. 501. 97.390 49...032 .9 .537 157.290 68.7 546. 592.975 27.9 1499.553 113.884 93.915 .6 1579.4 423.971 .046 69.713 93.516 276.2 499.946 135..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .6 1009.153 25..4 2755..6 3247..6 1758.090 35.613 .9 669.964 57.4 .. 45. .949 .169 29.9 779.769 104.202 27. 138.034 30.427 85. 681..2 .6 1729.1 362.4 579.368 98.054 .4 1289.084 37.115 82.2 1828.907 129...3 1859. 114. 27.1 579.8 1398.2 814. 46.574 134..524 11.6 672.0 1128.881 96.7 739.7 1762..247 .375 70.9 1717.937 115.885 104.882 209.086 74.6 1061.620 71...6 .8 .6 1972.2 1980 30.7 1733.317 .192 108.776 134. 449.9 1141..0 1240.9 1243.8 1526.858 57.456 128. 29.3 1102.442 63..997 139.558 15.7 1344.760 40.2 1455.6 .042 70.080 79.281 169.0 756.7 812. 113..693 96.3 807.042 115.0 .3 1108. 117.4 1160. 91. 465.8 1087. 81.7 566.610 2006 . 1610. 1613.0 794.288 60.382 148.3 999.789 58. 343.251 42.178 .278 61...1 446.0 1238.9 857..564 .7 .....887 67.4 1966. Price excluding tax for the United States.1 1330..643 125.9 1407.0 .188 51. 54. 2010 .762 138.5 339.9 1264.1 1481.0 .767 136.953 55.744 32. Electricity prices for industry in US dollars/MWh Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 26.7 .9 1509.752 ..7 1090.5 853.867 . 633..6 948. 1990 534.959 c 59. .219 86.404 46. 65.7 1348. ..724 2008 .2 655.6 1772.307 159..986 19..8 716.228 125.669 137.0 822.1 1386. 50.868 96.5 1307. 1321.783 50.254 .890 110. .940 64. 98.310 179.333 100..4 1469.1 396. 154.2 2011 ..2 1091. Electricity prices for industry in US dollars/toe .9 681.280 109.8 497. .638 .3 808.762 36.753 .3 3211.4 1413.3 929..8 459..8 864.739 127..4 995.5 1120.158 86.6 785.355 67.III. 44.680 119.458 81. 1041.162 94...7 .4 .578 .583 . 1216.7 c 693..6.857 61..261 73.4 408.6 1133.7 1622.0 .7 1324.0 1417.1 1172.7 644.8 1563.1 1795.625 62.690 94.154 82. 80.8 .810 34.7 1465.. 527.596 69..5 792.0 1083.413 47.548 143.503 69.3 1613.3 .568 59..3 . 124. 50.7 1430.8 1497.172 . 58.116 106..892 112. 138.601 85. 1150. 42. 589.0 1271.6 813.5 491. 43.1 441.990 52.. 1336..7 596.5 954.233 .473 47.8 2008 .810 139.620 140.447 103.159 47....878 63.829 79.5 1304.981 2007 .0 1141..565 73.872 65.5 830.. 1187.230 ..762 83.4 2000 525. 1134.500 66.3 .828 113..9 551. 49.7 1126.0 1034.551 18.. 1132. .7 881.391 131.577 122.3 1593.536 117.970 170.0 1266.967 104.7 .199 56. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.430 .2 1506. 946.6 699.720 120.974 .7 1600.4 226..1 177.161 .3 .849 258.400 . 69. 37.9 3001..8 1611.680 110.. 543.9 1619. 50..1 1326.776 57. 736.5 958. 325.6 324.8 682.514 ..618 35.639 134.5 1415..646 185.0 415.589 42..6 1638..000 58.3 553.165 121.816 39.151 62..8 2007 .2 643. 313. 803. 38. 757.4 1324.565 119.0 608.589 75.. 1061.900 36.407 110.566 236.060 120..7 284.6 926.6 227.390 194.7 1857.944 68.638 57.4 212.720 71.081 121..6 2436..489 44.9 1361. 1980 357.482 126. 933.8 ..295 117.852 .7 1339.9 1697. 102.3 215.139 121. 1791.6 1358.947 112.0 1834.6 981..848 106.5 1361.381 47. 2012 Table 3.613 55.4 312.8 1211.274 99..0 .341 73.7 1411.9 Note: Prices are in current US dollars.5 1125.4 334.8 429.6 1421.1 1586.0 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.2 .626 89.798 136.9 .780 51.9 1617. 63.393 97.9 1211. 580.7 1005.4 557.6 1036.265 169.5 2006 ....546 137.152 95.159 .3 .4 .3 2264.996 .2 1673.395 .951 65. 1447.214 152.4 135.6 . 154..553 42.346 93.4 756..1 1341.566 . 569.5 1542.386 91.8 684.135 82.5 1612.9 435..4 325.3 . 1561. 591.090 81.3 1392.209 150.

755 76..3 1331.0 617.8 120.7 2693.5 1364.343 10. 930.472 246.643 90.634 156.120 163.973 230..0 2256.642 164.534 176.9 2128.. 56.699 .405 164.241 169.0 1696. 2174.1 3059. 1675.497 96.7 389.799 150.9 .583 139.917 165.010 284.8 1116.1 1842.5 2450.432 106.814 65.2 ..400 31.9 2308.151 .600 68.021 135.776 99.7 1378.5 1173. 1362.4 1140.7 1329.250 .4 310.7 2561.1 1107.191 117.053 242.. 57.1 369.629 231.659 120.5 1171. 894.0 582.5 2502.9 2226.56 .325 101.6 1575. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 450..4 981.6 2009 .024 151.118 199. 448.615 187.228 255. 2028.186 123.760 131.0 3744.108 .0 .5 1030.668 241.6 796..5 2994.4 843.5 852.9 2647.806 132.242 82..8 2377.8 1118.8 .699 187.5 2535.375 67.3 2532..9 2484.. 2484..5 1626.000 93. 117.312 100.4 1809.917 143.7 2223.2 3017..796 96.492 191.336 98.474 396.735 79.2 263.404 .352 197.6 3088.843 2008 .0 2539.090 165.2 2466. 671.3 1760..966 28.0 ..9 278.742 80.. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 1990 833.277 140.523 .0 2004.6 2052.2 1309.899 79.322 84.2 641.100 170.0 925.284 131.054 57. 904.013 218.0 .1 3000.232 212...697 198.041 83.682 232. 1540.8 1190.768 112.586 53.833 263.955 173.095 191. 257.200 115.433 154. Electricity prices for households in US dollars/toe .954 219.7 1099..8 3753.230 2009 .926 85.897 212.740 ..013 136.372 .8 2007 .087 175.8 ..3 793.583 .489 35.6 2554.7 1810.7 2656.430 136.624 71.2 794. 57.664 219.5 3549.807 156.706 .545 213.0 3060. 2189..324 27.516 123. 2973.2 1916. 34.8 1948.6 .2 2556.2 .6 1904... 1487.199 237. 255. 102.402 114. 210.690 166.625 232.721 82.2 2157.4 412.879 260.428 132. 80.4 1877..495 101.8 1032. 145. 958.3 1144.383 23.124 .5 967.7.0 1524.834 117..523 33.814 65.6 2395.152 155.356 225.0 2965.9 2011 . 46.7 2682.892 344. 665. 38.262 192.6 2868.382 93.8 .186 1980 43.565 84..060 .180 222..489 215.822 221. 188.672 150.337 194.177 267.868 110.652 73.801 118.1 2055.3 3696.128 184.1 1030.3 761.8 1177.851 295.3 672.169 53.472 78. 257.7 2347.III.8 ..7 2476.6 2119.735 50.8 974.955 161.4 1415. 806.7 1816.921 117.9 1926.344 .640 76.2 .143 .317 243.936 28.656 94.9 2183. 69. 76.7 2008 . 1195.199 104.1 1238.980 185.167 43.0 4241.3 2684.1 2606.049 212.5 2082.4 1537.7 2710.4 4001.071 155.8 3706.8 1377.3 1745.769 284.4 759. 127.989 184.508 .073 259.559 258.5 1637..7 2505.1 3242.721 201.169 . 1915..1 1730.1 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.4 1178. 111.9 2821.0 773.000 100.6 1436..0 1531.696 155..2 1327..6 501.292 127.447 22.7 ..9 1046.327 322.166 232..699 .785 278.3 993.138 66.154 182.605 167.4 1083.350 204.0 2766..443 183.1 321. 144.8 2534.405 54.9 2243.1 533.1 2276.3 1335..9 1912.549 62..1 2478.345 121.963 .685 .058 117..8 957.329 114.2 2382.226 26.211 317.7 3106.7 479.0 865.6 .419 106.8 2319.5 ..2 1969.511 140.9 .2 1287. 89.484 214.539 50..6 588. 399.1 2020.498 114.0 2542.4 2488.425 131.027 132.247 175.517 52.046 59.442 155. Electricity prices for households in US dollars/MWh Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 38.1 1169.000 52.2 1181.9 540.6 2810.2 .1 2044.923 117.704 176.7 789.0 1810.123 41.189 192. 2206.538 74.1 2699.887 167.4 4142.316 147.377 156.1 2083.645 70.300 164.3 1984.3 .790 .2 983.940 2006 .205 322..2 1013.6 1824.9 1477.279 318.7 1287.7 1980 503.7 2831.1 1154.847 178..740 210.2 2704.723 87.5 409.523 85.788 101.8 1366.8 1421.741 164.853 24.3 895.8 2502.5 1581. 77.4 936..411 218. © OECD/IEA.500 102.259 95.8 2092.1 1021. 655. 82.8 2885.7 1536..7 2398.125 215.116 72. 2450.7 2131.3 3304.306 101.0 698. Price excluding tax for the United States.2 2856.267 46. 2483.218 227.625 87.8 3034.204 115. 186.. 132.037 122. 213..172 215.427 .3 1185.979 155.042 163. 1294.848 206.....015 228.5 2156.263 206.461 110...761 204.1 2505.5 .921 235.1 632.6 447.311 248.6 1240.0 732.9 823.685 93.535 356.5 2012..489 2011 .016 88.366 .7 1209. 1822..545 208.543 257..0 2578.8 1370.9 .368 151.3 330. 1690.694 2010 .394 62.9 1947.7 2006 .018 265. 2988.6 767.126 364.542 101.3 1811. 2995.7 2626.7 3074.0 2295.468 148.199 230.011 132.143 .1 826.135 98.4 1921.640 118.6 1537.8 687...9 1081.060 60.5 1182.899 .512 132.1 4757.420 2000 63. 1035. 164..6 1439..984 77.3 1906.6 1639.9 994.132 172.467 119.1 330.0 1919.9 .801 217.7 1808.441 .9 2000 734.830 114.9 2141.. 2010 .714 258.640 215.502 35.191 54. 174. 541.7 635.4 993.4 1585.1 1754. 272.391 165.688 179..0 1713. 50.1 .9 615.7 1910.764 45.8.2 ..826 185.6 912.4 2743.1 .1 .0 1362.505 245.206 1990 71.4 928.3 1590.8 2039.4 4605.090 351.491 65.6 728.9 1346.837 .4 2144.971 195.9 2234.253 2007 .4 1911.4 609.931 88.090 233..767 173.141 184.995 179.3 606.5 2469.615 305.1 1546.829 179.3 1362.2 891.5 280.2 1390.4 1672.920 213.575 34.3 450..5 4092.5 3313.6 623.529 68.705 409.115 85.9 953.8 2571..438 263.130 100.8 1541.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 3.474 .1 3000.742 158.4 1819.100 55.1 1851.780 123.3 1937.084 38.1 2071.1 3433.9 1794.263 68.768 136.7 .3 1758..3 1338.850 264.5 .534 38.391 .897 183.8 2584.0 894.0 2704.636 145.9 2175.789 221.497 88.575 218. 213.4 1439.765 158. 156.1 1765.643 220.6 399.1 1402.2 2141.4 Note: Prices are in current US dollars.7 1526.258 52.866 151.715 217. 2012 Table 3.9 ..3 1842. 3172.158 83. 189.4 2428.871 224. 581.4 1081.729 159.

258 67. 188.52 0.00 2008 1.66 0.. Purchasing power parities National currency/US dollars .738 .26 8.96 3.11 0.792 236.999 144.90 3.482 1990 66.262 2009 1.47 0.335 36.142 126.75 1.63 0.31 768.53 0..28 0.507 186.90 1.00 Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 1978 0.022 222.448 115.094 316. 250.00 0.90 0.601 .22 7.649 161.33 269.19 0. .881 127.765 152.856 24.808 163.61 1.32 0. 0.307 182.816 2010 ..70 129.573 243.377 187.430 141.64 0.180 120.08 1.89 8.50 1.427 334.85 0..292 124.137 260.117 144.55 0.837 163.857 62.88 822. 178.51 0.82 0.51 9.92 7.38 0.612 105.69 0.65 0.816 162.724 146.52 9.87 0..04 0.123 2008 .572 .040 155.17 0.383 185.938 284.92 1.70 128.62 0.027 271.89 0.686 182.87 1.219 208.83 1.74 9.833 159.84 1.41 5.895 264.722 112.000 63.72 9.95 0. 217.53 0.481 264.981 216.722 2006 .87 0.85 0.705 67.77 1.15 .682 180.70 189.44 0.223 179.530 263.244 183..545 176.97 0.915 137.60 0.478 182.285 298.43 13.71 0.185 279.514 88..554 43.905 114. 1990 1.973 102.175 140.169 .155 275.248 107.397 146.620 90.390 156.071 150..180 141.751 123.52 0.935 114.48 8.979 113.84 1..40 547.99 0.441 91.03 1.672 138.016 166.510 .135 .039 261.86 0. .63 0.24 14.027 131.086 63.408 88.268 108.91 1.613 93.52 0.64 0.49 0.15 0.965 .61 0.014 77.89 0.23 0.03 8.43 0.71 8.727 50.909 121.396 222.171 205. Electricity prices for households in US dollars/MWh Converted with purchasing power parities Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 34.86 0.00 0.92 0. 100.634 29.148 142.958 115. 7.674 21.62 1.86 1.245 158. 115.086 278.974 .892 203.443 208.536 281.00 1980 1.85 0.000 104.85 1.392 . 187..475 .467 280.55 13.76 13.802 116.51 0.864 76.400 180.879 128.388 251.537 139.00 Note: Data are in current US dollars.237 137.422 197.104 88.99 0.679 55.39 247.84 0.63 0.787 60.72 774.94 0...86 1.065 298.93 8.787 206.177 97.91 7.846 246.56 .56 0. 47.52 0.868 115.923 119.48 0.00 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.075 164.77 1.07 12.64 1.397 111.376 230.13 .52 0.815 359.13 1.89 0.611 250.39 0.927 149.94 0.68 0.00 0.02 1.27 0.89 1.95 1.09 11.59 0.63 1.362 212. 162.002 116.797 219.19 804.21 372.09 0.53 0. 84.46 0.90 1..97 0.65 0.387 .18 0.00 2011 1.44 0.65 1.43 0.71 129.50 1.805 152.34 22.667 110.780 189.721 154.31 0.77 0..27 0.908 33.88 1.13 1.968 297.65 1.86 0.94 0. 66.70 0.04 0.82 120.98 3. 230. 206.98 14.896 222.23 406.81 111.91 0.01 0.36 0.729 143.00 2007 1.49 8.19 0.83 0.78 115.246 280.84 0..84 0.638 84.964 153.85 0.92 7. 101.91 7.66 0.812 .707 .104 140.934 248.45 0.96 0.81 0.673 . 2012 Table 3.151 135.402 63..45 824.964 240.435 292.403 272.89 0.690 145..038 153.343 2007 .72 0.98 1.591 109.20 371. .051 145.83 124.912 114.369 106. 173.817 59.89 1..962 187.811 39.99 1. 77..91 0.96 3.23 0.522 229.690 207..987 121..9.60 0.88 1. 7.360 78.294 80.82 154.00 2010 1. 107.72 8.78 0.474 176.816 242.70 0. 51. 55.00 1.528 38.00 2006 1.41 0.930 .847 117.656 229.551 185.82 1.53 0.241 155.22 401.036 194.74 1.94 8..136 2009 .89 1..678 170.299 173.852 327.10.141 81.493 194.86 0.372 139.01 1.708 192.85 0.364 58.85 0.62 8.13 .825 155.412 198.121 202.73 0.64 0.81 0.183 169. 74.70 126. 0.63 0.478 113.031 161.84 3.362 166.23 365.43 1..69 1.04 .56 0.53 0..281 252.71 130.951 231.80 0.57 Table 3.757 ..652 143.10 0.72 0.087 72.722 323.00 0.500 94.205 87..753 73.352 169.27 0.388 .137 348..496 2000 83.02 1.418 18.234 172.78 7..85 785.80 0.90 1.36 427.415 81.66 1.221 147.600 64.41 0..165 .941 226..65 1.905 73.57 0. 0.69 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 228.868 82.00 2000 1.011 232.456 .166 124.925 117.511 .16 38. 138.91 0.88 0.. 86.86 0.49 8.046 117..033 157.92 1.52 9.08 0.40 8.338 126. .23 284.828 56. 90.86 3..03 14. 179.34 6. 0.86 1.900 220.95 3.910 .50 8.21 8.100 51.01 .92 7.297 184.263 100.44 9.299 .87 0..580 137. 64.212 1980 37.84 1.21 363.940 175.534 109. 0.64 0.038 247. 162..52 0.466 77.439 49.96 0.62 0.744 .81 0.87 0.837 215.75 746.68 107.474 135.66 1.319 313.87 1.91 7..950 125...996 86.87 0.811 163.739 285.471 132.376 227.87 0.314 183.215 93.932 159. .590 308.566 140.81 1..85 0.21 0.. 79.966 254.25 154. .304 47.377 110.545 236.73 8.85 0.606 99.73 0.408 104. 77.652 267..71 8.035 .200 75.83 .559 320.901 170.850 230.971 211.730 53.192 162.281 .731 2011 .79 116.03 0.103 186.87 1. 263. 81.35 2.319 .728 80.38 6..92 343.92 0.741 28.809 218.490 231.338 91.634 146.510 127.98 0..01 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . 66.922 .95 0.88 0. 0.55 0.78 0.457 148.848 123.840 139..854 289.786 182.00 0.698 98.128 131..02 1. .55 0.513 202.617 104.50 0.90 0..95 . 112.47 0.10 0.80 106.66 0.965 107.73 9.648 .84 0. 236.04 0..86 0.42 14.596 198.92 0.23 2.55 0.94 6.400 194..959 180.92 0.91 7.094 77.869 71.669 254.72 131.418 328.III.365 79.511 135.19 0.828 96.497 196.806 167.

8 432. 510.11 130. .6 .85 ..7 2011 .18 x .....83 . 667...0 .380 381. .4 327. ..28 .. 2012 Table 3.8 540. 168. 437.9 117. .69 148.47 . .640 474. 130.. 342. 226.4 .....0 c ..8 460. 179. . .3 2009 .5 639..2 .350 178. . 382. c x 388.. 150. . 150.. .030 2010 .. .. 132. . .32 .7 183. 152. ..3 15.9 178.. 969.250 . 303...2 . 836.. 144. .15 111. c x 330.43 . ..7 272.4 . 188.5 x 231.. c . 425.. .. c x 380. . ... 85.. .81 x .. 123... 503...3 130. 68. 412. .3 474. 127. . c .6 95.5 .8 e 1980 206. x . 88. .. .60 181.... ....... ...45 91. .8 73..8 x . .18 533.38 .. c . 135. x ...1 e 2000 .1 . .90 106. c .....6 148. . . . 496.34 .01 .6 x .. ..11.36 x . .. 253.. 801.84 .. c x 525. 769. 142.....440 528.55 . .. ....5 .5 573.51 . .7 178.1 x .25 95..270 2009 .. . 354..0 . .. c x 505.0 86. . 111. ..69 199..5 .. .0 e 2008 . c .3 93.0 .5 ..9 171... .8 529.8 500. 210... .0 . ..9 ..9 83.. c x 674..95 ..0 .9 201. ... .. 443.8 93... .9 .9 .94 .7 x .92 .. 11. 572..1 307.24 250.. 343. 116. 372... 459. 566.2 623.3 368. 380..00 92.670 305. .50 ..1 .11 . 241.650 91. 214. ... © OECD/IEA. 420. ..4 e 2007 .8 260..5 . 275. 370..0 168.67 . 249. 179.18 .. 183...2 73.. .11 181.9 . 239. 299. .8 .. c x 88. . 513.5 144.. 439.30 352.... c . 89... .4 .86 . c . c . ...9 70.80 68. .2 215....2 c x .. 134. 406..4 125.81 89..0 .. .660 e 1990 .2 816. ..7 . 601..6 88.. .40 .280 178....0 e 2006 .5 .3 .9 . .. 146. ...4 c .23 .2 x .3 c x . c x 514. ...10 c .. ..5 x 272.. 362. 249.. c x 687. 211. 74.8 95. . . 101. 1040. 428. 55.61 405. . 140.. 356.740 538. .0 .1 154..10 .6 .. c x 323.09 426.05 126.240 366. 97.. c . 818...6 . ...70 15. .75 x .. . . . ..2 .. . 146. ..9 .42 310.37 . . 151.3 323.730 759.65 478. . 537.. 93.0 109. ...68 ..7 139.33 x 261. .28 .... 530. .. .07 70..010 189.87 70.19 336.. ...9 .. . .87 c . 124.8 .8 c . 641. 75.9 .. 73. c x 394...75 631..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 3.3 760..8 .58 .5 360.8 .24 ... 229.9 .8 2010 .3 96.5 183. 298. .08 ...370 139.77 . x ..2 .05 454. . . 489..0 ...23 .97 .93 94.. 206.48 .4 542..8 352.10 c x .8 95. .. ..1 410.31 c .7 367..05 ..9 x . .. . c x 86..7 381. .... 201. Note: Prices are in current US dollars.. 186. 203...40 192.46 c x ... 235.. 197. .12 598.34 .1 335. 517..75 109...48 .36 . ...33 180. . ...08 x 222... 105..5 91.67 179. 408.. 302.640 167. x ... .....3 185.32 84. 219. 802. 285. .. .... 289. 361. 220.38 199..47 . 412....8 98....... 385. .93 .. 103.31 x .16 ...0 125.. c x 400.. 930. 252.6 x .1 207.550 359.83 . 181..48 162.. . 367. . 1122. 438. ...1 c .97 x . 191. .2 . 577.09 .4 .420 139..87 . 11. .44 ...35 .. 597. 583.9 171.6 73.60 207... 158.2 .. ..3 188. 429.4 e Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.00 . 149..06 . 245.37 x ..79 .1 ......58 136. c x 112. 786. Heavy fuel oil prices for electricity generation in US dollars/tonne Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 91...82 94. . c ..84 .39 . 999.880 e 2000 . 557... 54..7 .. . . .. 535..III.650 e 1980 198.12. . c .7 . 167.640 332.0 111.3 .740 2011 . .. 299..780 326. 249.29 250. 421... . 70..34 79.. 1169. 227...1 .6 142..2 195. 170..360 88.21 104...510 e 2007 .9 .....83 92.6 x . ...10 ..65 121.17 .11 . . .9 .20 71.....37 c .42 .. .7 142. 339.440 572... . 255.. . c . 71..11 140... .65 164.2 166.2 197. Heavy fuel oil prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe .. 70. 66.8 .520 e 2006 .560 e 2008 .3 114. c x 115.8 ..40 x ..17 .46 805. .7 . Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 95.19 .... c x 536.78 120.5 .. 357. .. .20 159.. . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 1990 .7 .. .

11 . 58. c .9 117....6 95. c .24 75.1 87.... c ...0 174.4 .23 30. c 202.6 . . 59...5 . . ..75 . c ..5 137.. 119. . . 68.45 53. 60.. x 14..75 63.2 144.49 x 14.39 76..6 219. x 45.. 111.2 2000 . .1 ..83 63.9 82. x 24.2 .53 .47 76...2 84.5 46..3 .89 55. 21.140 2006 .26 ..4 x . 99. 51. . 11. 45. .05 .460 29..71 4. 100.280 1990 27..5 .3 .. . 54. 234. 119.220 2011 .. 36.7 63..220 51.790 60.0 1980 20...23 141.140 26. .. ..6 141. c .. . 144. 62. 4.9 133.99 c ..65 167.5 .3 .430 2010 . .. 122. c 30.. 159..5 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.33 .. . 53. x 138..2 .. c 99.0 129. 31...72 .3 . 133. 29....13 57..2 . 125. .14 ... .3 84..1 .97 . 165.7 . .9 .8 2009 . 122..1 82..7 66.37 c . .51 40. 26. 79...8 185... 11..9 101.93 .26 3.4 112. .8 . 111. ...7 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 90.5 55.7 221.040 38. x 32. 51.47 .35 120..72 83. ..54 . c 83...230 2000 .6 c .5 c .43 140..67 42.43 81.75 ....83 c .6 150. 165..4 231.4 2006 . 129..25 74.90 .62 c .99 113.. c 83.24 . .44 .31 ...4 90.. .0 Note: Prices are in current US dollars..82 ...25 .86 90.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . c 134.. . 91.4 .1 78. . 38. c 40..52 .. ..2 125.090 ..... 113.3 69. x 37.81 . .. .740 33. 24. 101.. 45...0 174.21 163. 96.2 220.20 . .98 81.54 28. 80.07 47.84 25..09 140.4 166. .0 . . ....1 12.. 59.4 . 167.3 227.36 96.88 77.430 27. 56.2 . .85 .0 128.41 7.0 . x 160...7 .99 . 137..110 31.27 72.37 7.0 144.66 c .7 91. ..6 ..41 44. 153...6 .2 .....4 183.14.350 62.81 c . c . 40.90 116. 106. c . c 48.5 271. . . ... . 74.60 72.5 159.5 42.480 48. 114.7 85... .47 69. . c ..5 49.. 82.64 37. c ..09 . .0 c .. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 15.1 .6 242.96 .. ..45 . 42.80 .1 90...06 .47 32..42 58.88 140. 137.6 ...6 2007 .6 .....1 206.24 26.97 .54 28.4 60. 1990 41... .. .10 77.5 .70 49. x 36. x 27. 78..13. . 83. 120. .. .. .. c 73.81 71. .97 ..9 ... x 181. .46 126..32 ..9 .5 74. .0 61...... 48. 140. 142..37 c .... c 98...5 .26 ..96 98..III.80 87....7 145..5 .41 ... 31.6 c ... 42.72 108. .3 .35 .6 45. 135. . x 161. 205.3 31. ..7 101.57 ..3 61. ..82 70.95 ..13 130.92 107.3 130. 92.7 6. 145.41 . ... c . .5 42. 2012 Table 3.88 32...59 Table 3...60 x . ... .12 152.3 118. ..570 42.9 170.. . 4. x 187.29 . . .4 .. . .85 . c ....12 84..7 145. .21 .390 55..9 .7 99.. c 113. 28.7 . .. 67.1 123.. .... 113.7 136. . 103.. 99..45 128.4 29...8 . c . .12 . ..0 c . 60..92 . 33. 69.800 2008 .4 c . . 44. 82.7 . 7.3 x 71.1 .640 1980 13. c 160.99 c . 57. c 183..61 .. 184.10 .8 2008 . 81.. . 83.. 74. 27. 225... .98 . 78..4 .9 202. .4 .0 49...5 115.8 244.7 .6 131.4 75..31 ... x 9.4 143. ...3 ... x 124.. .3 c . c ..7 c .7 .75 82.92 136.470 60.20 46.95 50. 63.94 ... .2 .6 236.7 c .7 .38 96.0 . 84....860 50..43 c ....9 .1 . 82.7 252..41 ...6 186. c .08 113.70 102.4 6.. .070 47.8 ..5 79.1 .43 95. 84. 14.6 . 16.92 . 54.25 . 109. 202.8 54..02 .9 71. 3..37 153..4 81. 157.6 47..76 17..720 38..4 182.30 ..47 47.. . . 92. 67..3 46..600 2009 .. .. c 125. 96.6 104. c 61.3 . 97.7 2011 ..10 128. 121. Steam coal prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe .. 50..4 135.25 42. . ..10 .. .74 76.57 . 47.27 117. .4 . 55...0 63.8 89. 137. 2010 . . 52. .9 102...45 45...370 40.50 71.5 241. 156..73 122. 2.. ..760 44.710 2007 . . 51..94 110...39 51.. . .9 63. 73. .0 130.8 52.1 80.. c 134.0 41....0 70. .4 77.....4 170. .7 212.. Steam coal prices for electricity generation in US dollars/tonne Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 10. 152..5 247.76 32. . .38 ..4 81..9 52. x 72.010 31.26 38. .51 88. x 32.

14 . .... .11 32. .3 ..70 c .3 c 301.. 14.. c 33.320 19.0 .. ....8 . c ..6 223. . 8....5 734.53 32. c 435. 90.. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 1990 .8 461. . ... 355. 12... ...9 291. ...72 .7 .3 .9 . 27. .. . 10.0 .5 175. c .6 421. . c . 166.. .82 .2 115. 14....78 10. 7. c .. 15. c .570 17. 10.. 25.81 ....24 . 187..23 3.. 5.3 69.710 2011 .81 . c ...4 2008 .3 .. 431...7 .... . 133. . 19... 388. c 549.7 444. . 17.. 183. 29...39 ..4 c .41 . . 276. c . . x 110.850 5. 32. 30... .83 . c .. 24..40 c . c 295. .... . 37.7 ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Table 3.36 .3 . 20.. 112.. ..25 c . c .610 25. 42. 14.59 .. ..1 97... 19.. .. .68 .59 . .. Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 .. 13.7 577..65 .. 235. ....7 147. c . 129. 41.0 120. . .19 c 8. c . . c . 40.8 c . .. . c . 157...2 . c 32.3 .. . 33.18 .... x 64.25 44.37 .03 c . c 44.. c 149. 7. c .0 110. c ..9 185.... ... ... 416... 140.62 c 20.. . 247. 73. .8 .. c . c 11. .270 . .. 10..6 c .. 170. 86.4 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.. 349.6 62.86 . .. .. 377.7 467... .5 c .... c 53. 165.7 c . 351.. 20. 225.. .3 396...49 8.9 c 207.03 8. ..2 87.59 ..0 ....17 6.. ..88 . . 220.. .3 129. . .4 2007 .860 13.. 27. 29.. 487. 18.8 . x 5. c . ..320 1990 .71 . 5. 503. . .740 24.8 . 6... c .18 c 7.1 .04 ..2 . c . .990 2000 .90 .. 267.67 . .8 254. c .. .4 . . .7 . c .96 c 23. c .....300 7. ..1 2000 .88 16.3 ..90 .63 c 15..7 2011 . 137.. .4 . 27.1 . 311.02 31. .96 . 175. c 18.43 30..7 .. ....46 10. c 693. . .1 . ..11 . .1 .950 2010 .500 9. ...7 . ..4 ..920 9.1 . c .1 2009 . Note: Prices are in current US dollars.. .. ..19 ..4 c ..... .670 16.49 34.. c .65 61......6 312.. .51 ..16. 6..5 c 102.09 .. 12. 134. . 335.. .. . 243... 25.83 .73 . .0 .....630 23. 469.880 16.18 30..0 .19 ... 10...0 .360 2009 . . . 356.7 ...5 388. ..2 412. ..38 30.. .64 ...92 . © OECD/IEA.. ... 8...4 . c 243... c 22. c .41 c .08 . 86.340 2007 . .74 24.22 13.640 2006 .62 56.. .21 7.0 . .. 544... 97.. 13.63 c . .49 c . c . .... 8. . c .9 402...53 35. 635. c .62 . c 421.....7 .1 c .. . c . .35 c ..9 394..950 14.20 .1 .9 .. c .210 26.80 c .. .03 .1 93. . 1.06 . c .8 443... . 518.09 33.3 .69 44.540 1980 ..88 . 10. 9. 750. ... ..57 c . 258. 58.81 .1 176.8 2010 .... 440..3 210.. .0 . 169. c .2 305.. 14.1 137..6 1980 .94 36..140 19...... 437. .6 . . .6 192... c ..... ..100 31.. 36. ... c ..9 ....8 .. 75.04 23.. 192. ..... .5 421.500 2008 . ...2 2006 . . Natural gas prices for electricity generation in US dollars/toe (Net calorific value basis) . c .98 .6 319...8 104.. 27.. ....850 4. . c .. . . . 12.52 . c 41.. 33.. c ... x 8. c .0 c ..5 c ..56 11.3 130. c .. c 42.12 22..3 . 125. . 49. 2012 Table 3. . x 75. ..2 432. .. c ... .47 ..54 14.. x 4.. . 38.. ... 112.59 8......3 c .... 8..15.60 .5 c 111. 17.. c 542. 109. 182.09 21..0 798..09 ..7 208...1 282..2 573. c . 377....III. 12.7 71...3 305.0 c .... . .63 .61 3. 34. .28 . 162.9 47.9 181..3 .. . ...02 c . . 13. Natural gas prices for electricity generation in US dollars/MWh (Gross calorific value basis) Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States OECD 1978 .5 49.62 5.18 c 16.8 342. c .9 . 18. . 324...5 c 266.... . .6 257... .... c 570.05 14. .. . c ..1 327.3 217. 21. .9 .9 . 1. .. 530. c .160 34...68 ....8 .0 c 197..0 .11 .. . 106. . .03 . ..

0272 4.6606 1 2007 1.6218 0.684 6.755 0.7883 0.637 8.0427 1.684 3.755 0.0162 0.49 38.76 929.1081 0.4851 539.00008 0.3457 1.903 17.085 1.1671 304.9268 0.0845 1.1999 1.4531 1.431 4.5042 0.7187 0. 0.684 172.8584 2.517 1.085 4.819 0.5988 2.94 0.755 0.46 0.71 0.2684 5.9577 0.929 0.4101 0.1532 0.0302 509.829 2.2415 0.108 37.7308 0.618 0.95 0.06 0.755 12.00442 0.0861 1.085 1.543 17.2822 0.781 1.6879 0.7187 200.535 0.7198 0.76 1155.755 0.7198 0.9896 483.05 5.6319 0.7546 0.085 9.49897 0.662 0.7653 0.73 0.76 0.08 5.1952 0.4255 5.0676 523.1694 39 14.5461 1 2009 1.7198 202.7187 6.5734 0.7187 1.73 6.83 1130.085 1.8726 1.73 117.6761 0.982 0.73 4.7187 0.684 0.0051 0.91 0.982 19.478 .7187 0.942 19.7967 4.438 210.684 103.9286 0.563 1 2000 1.684 0.755 87.229 1.829 1.1191 0.00002 0.7198 0.5214 1 1980 0.III.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III .542 17.3594 0.7198 1.085 2.7198 0.597 1.4428 0.085 9.7306 0.626 0.4997 1 2008 1.7198 93.1975 0.085 107.73 0.44 484 0.691 0.0902 0.9369 0.81 0.7187 3.289 5.7187 0.125 32.361 5.66893 0.7265 1.755 1.826 0.6779 6.39 1100.099 0..6475 1 2011 0.684 1.7198 0.4 5.2583 0.078 5.0227 0.684 0.655 5.73 0.7187 0.684 0.5111 .0145 0.00261 0.29992 0.474 .755 0.442 226.088 1.27 5.61 Table 3.826 1.085 1.3889 0.95 0.86 0.8407 0.7198 13.59 0.1414 558.73 0.725 1.4291 0.758 1.684 1.7198 3.21 0.7187 79.027 0.709 0.688 1.57 0.7198 0.219 0..95 6.161 1.653 1. US Dollar exchange rates in national currencies Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States 1978 0.54687 0.7198 7.464 63.643 0.9695 0.5849 0.7187 0.0445 3.8771 0.684 11.29878 0.17.1864 0 0. 0.6558 14.755 7.53 0.619 144.644 0.2818 0.6358 .6478 2.43 0.2901 3.7187 0.7187 12.056 0.7305 0.8 708 0..73 1.902 1.7 607.069 282.2047 8.755 0.826 0.62522 0.7187 0.57 1274.0742 522.45 0.73 0.29 1.83 0.249 0.00033 0.9609 5.085 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.781 0.64 1.7187 0.461 4.73 183..3876 6.684 0.755 3.7195 0.755 0.8889 1.0229 0.755 1.596 0 0. 0.0017 0.1407 31.4302 1 1990 1.684 0. 2012 Note: For information on the euro conversion rates before 2000 please see notes in the introductory information.613 5. 0.3572 0.6835 0.0773 1.6413 1 2010 1.9291 1.202 1.768 2.085 1.7198 1.6 6.0836 1.73 1.84 1107.755 207.918 1.7198 0.468 20.725 0.482 0.73 10.46 0. .6242 1 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.

Japan .2.Indices of real energy end-use prices (2005=100) 275 250 225 200 175 150 125 100 ELECTR Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.1. 2012 75 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY NATGAS COAL OILPROD TOTAL © OECD/IEA.III. OECD .62 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III Figure 3.Indices of real energy end-use prices (2005=100) 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 ELECTR NATGAS COAL OILPROD TOTAL Figure 3.

3. USA .Indices of real energy end-use prices (2005=100) 175 150 125 100 75 ELECTR NATGAS COAL OILPROD TOTAL Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.4.Indices of real energy end-use prices (2005=100) 200 175 150 125 100 75 50 ELECTR NATGAS COAL OILPROD TOTAL Figure 3.63 Figure 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.III. 2012 50 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART III . OECD Europe .

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 2012 DETAILED OECD ELECTRICITY AND HEAT DATA .1 PART IV INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV.

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

these aggregate regional table should be used with caution. Figures: 1. 15. 5. In particular.Prod. 16. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production. Total final consumption by fuel Electricity generation by fuel Electricity consumption by sector Electricity indicators . Electricity exports by destination. The conventions used by the Secretariat in presenting energy data are also reported in the Introductory Information. In the section Introductory Information such differences are explained. Electricity production and heat produced for sale and fuel inputs in CHP plants. 12.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . there are other tables for which the data are not applicable either. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Fuel use for electricity and heat production. . 4. 8. Summary electricity production and consumption. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity./GDP: electricity intensity of economic activity (1971=100). This is particularly the case for tables 13 and 14 which do not appear for countries that do not report electricity trade. Heat produced for sale. Total final electricity consumption by sector 11.Elec. As data for some countries were not available for all years (particularly the early years). 3. GDP and population. readers are strongly advised to read the country notes for historical data. Electricity production and fuel inputs in electricity plants.IV. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source. 13. Interpreting energy data and comparing statistics between countries is made difficult by differences in definitions used by countries in the collection and reporting of data./population: per capita electricity consumption (1971=100). Fuel prices to end-users. 9. 14. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December.&heat: CO2 emissions per electricity and heat output (1971=100). The tables of regional aggregates are presented before the country tables.CO2/elec. Electricity imports by origin. Net electricity production by autoproducers. 6. and fuel inputs in heat plants. 5. It should be noted that tables are not shown in cases where the data are not applicable./cons.Elec. Conversion factors and calorific values are also included for reference.: electricity supply self-sufficiency = Net production / (net production + imports – exports) ./TFC: relative contribution of electricity to total final energy consumption (1971=100). . Electricity production and generation by source. 10. 4. 2012 Part IV of Electricity Information contains detailed statistical information on electricity and heat for the 34 member countries of the OECD and for OECD/IEA regional aggregates. and so do not appear. 2. 7B. which are set out in alphabetical order. Tables: 1.Elec. . 7A. 2. Energy consumption. Final consumption of energy by source. However.3 DIRECTORY OF PART IV TABLES A full list of the figures and the tables is set out below. 3. . Heat production in transformation processes.

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1./GDP Prod.8%) Industry (48.9%) Transport (1. Electricity consumption by sector 250 3500 1.8%) Industry (32.5 OECD TOTAL Figure 2./TFC Elec.3%) 2010 Other (1.5 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec. Electricity indicators Figure 3. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.5 200 1./cons.2%) 9382./population CO2/elec. Total final consumption by fuel 12000 4000 3500 10000 3000 8000 2000 TWh Mtoe 2500 1500 6000 4000 1000 2000 500 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4.4 TWh Residential (32. serv.8%) Transport (1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .25 2000 1971=100 1 1500 150 1 100 1000 0.2 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv.2%) Residential (28. (31.6%) 3772.&heat Figure 5. 2012 TWh 2500 Production/Consumption Product 3000 .IV.75 50 500 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.1%) Commerce / public serv.4%) Other (2. 1996 2001 2006 2010 1971 0. (19./pub.

62 146. 0.69 2114.71 1.15 4.54 5229.17 1086.1 0.11 38098.5 0.70 5405.55 0.1 2.95 1.25 0.1 0.46 1924.8 Nuclear 49. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.2 .10 1.07 2.1 1967.77 0.5 -0.51 1869. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.08 4. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .18 584.22 1238. 4471.1 0.3 . (4) In units of kWh/per capita.6 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele. fuel cells).14 0..87 182.13 1232.44 596.94 0.05 0.27 9729.06 5.5 0.18 0.25 6.74 979.72 1155.93 36401.64 32.39 4.08 842.14 -1. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 3740.5 78.87 5304. (2) In units of toe/per capita.23 7629.8 99 103 103 102 97 99 . 4121 4859 6033 7245 7310 7617 .27 4522. ocean and other (e.55 4068.9 0.87 5304.19 26.87 1225.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.94 93.10 18205.25 4.62 115.96 101.g.TFC = electricity total final consumption.32 778.64 1316.70 5405. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.22 162.TFC/population(4) Elec.21 586.98 3.27 4522.37 10752.29 30..85 24706.00 1961.95 1.27 4.79 10854.55 31.83 1. Energy consumption.8 0.60 261.44 1945.14 0.68 242.1 706.32 31.49 0. 2.0 2.52 5668.9 0.81 10392.2 Biofuels & waste 87.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 3740. (3) Ele.25 1080.05 0.01 116.61 1029.3 0.0 1.75 3.9 TPES (Mtoe) Coal Oil Natural gas 90-11 6.54 1. 2.8 15060..96 1322.25 263.65 0.8 844. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars. (2) Net electricity imports between OECD and non-OECD countries..2 0.95 9.97 1248.50 1100. wind.29 0.6 Geothermal Solar.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.94 25.3 TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0. 0.29 37494.0 -1.50 5292.08 10.60 966.25 451.3 -13.21 119.18 1953.06 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. .97 3.70 - 12.16 0.55 4068.54 5229.50 5292.7 4.74 13.8 915.2 1.1 -1.22 0.52 32225.02 0.40 26.34 1.46 30.0 2.52 114.3 161 145 119 107 93 94 90 -1.95 1064.IV. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) (1) Includes wave.06 1151.97 -0.4 14.29 0.53 38.6 .59 4.36 110.49 541.37 1061.

2 82.4 2887.6 33.0 67.6 3746.9 373.8 .1 + Imports 87.1 9322. 580.7 7208.0 1. 3901.1 498.9 1986.2 2169.4 2407.7 1.1 263.7 267.8 2.5 262.g.5 65..8 5.2 15.7 13.9 179.6 11.3 2.7 .4 7.0 2.7 10422. 0.2 .7 43.5 .8 28. - 0.8 5389.2 .0 4251.5 1695.7 1457. fuel cells) ..8 3020...1 6838.8 110. .1 439.3 212...9 15.4 4760.7 140.5 0.5 3357.9 .4 686.4 4939..1 2564.6 2242..1 20.2 2319. 1085.7 243.2 .5 0.5 620.9 13.6 0.2 4484.6 309.3 Hydro 931.4 3092. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.1 9202. fuel cells) .5 0.6 8952.9 350.3 74.2 2245.Statistical difference Total consumption .1 334.2 4.6 10086.1 68.5 . 0.6 42.7 108.8 ...0 7672.8 - - 0.5 .0 2773.8 241.4 4684.5 86..2 1360.7 OECD TOTAL 3.0 294.0 0.Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption Industry Transport 3772.9 417.Transmission & distr. Solar .1 9999.2 5.0 3127.2 6340.6 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Solar Tide.2 2.7 992.7 70..3 258.1 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 .0 -0. Combustible fuels .5 2583.5 324.IV.5 686.7 1.3 1537.3 6072.7 1411.9 411.7 226.3 1447.4 -2. 1843.9 497.6 1390..7 1418.7 625.9 583. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.3 38.9 2371. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 3984. 3637.7 520. electric boilers and pumped storage.3 617. ocean Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Other (e.8 .7 9059.7 220.9 Nuclear .4 262. 44..1 1684.4 9798.. . Hydro .9 1973.5 .1 2288.2 .5 165.1 8578.1 43.4 421.8 Nuclear 188. wave.3 6863..4 98.6 0. 727.1 2351.4 1.4 83...2 20.2 56.2 1108. 128. Wind . 4264.7 174. Tide.6 0.6 9655.2 106.3 6.3 32.1 31.8 1376.9 6530.4 51.3 170.3 10343.6 0.4 34.2 2.5 93.7 6492.8 1394.0 .2 4381.3 5.5 263.0 3.8 3.7 27.0 535. 1094.4 86.2 1.1 10457.1 2138.5 485.5 9300.4 44.4 5711..5 488.8 1..9 375.0 417.4 2725.1 6417.1 25.. traction and lighting purposes.7 148.7 1. 11.5 92.Used for pumped storage 19.6 93.7 .4 7.7 5684.6 0.3 .6 6704. Commercial & publ..Used for electric boilers - - 0. losses .9 1211.6 39.. .1 10575.Used for heat pumps - - 0..0 7260.1 28. 61.3 1224.8 1009. - 0.9 .7 9382.4 2182.9 2132.8 382.2 6.1 .3 595.Own use by power plant Net production - 0.5 2506.0 3.8 10921.9 82.4 3230.7 3593. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 10817.4 8342..6 6.0 301.7 235.3 4.4 680..Exports 81.3 2.1 70.7 92.6 0. Residential Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.8 .0 2544.g.6 347.8 -6.4 6630.9 770.6 2840.5 3709.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .1 2916. serv. Electrical energy supplied .4 .6 0. -0. Other (e..9 273.6 0.7 3015. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.5 6.9 697. Geothermal .4 64. wave.1 1634.7 1729.8 405.3 2979.5 1374.9 65.2 1.0 -4.9 385.9 3791.8 28.2 269. ocean .5 348.7 92. 9.5 2249.4 2078.0 107.0 37.1 9215.6 224.9 6168.4 197.2 32.4 123.5 124.5 0...9 3943.7 9.6 9972.6 1135.5 90.0 9895. .3 1402.1 - - 0.7 ..3 . Sector non specified 10.3 -0.5 5379.

42 160.01 3605.31 618.36 10186.10 108.8 7051.01 0.2 1.44 136.53 3801.27 0.04 60.45 1.76 5668.02 68.7 2.56 133.0 0.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.55 286.11 2112.18 3.56 3.52 0.68 2242.44 1722.07 21.3 3.00 720.27 4164.12 219.48 50.65 0.0 29.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 68.5 367.82 10134. (2) Includes wave.1 Biofuels & waste 5.12 235.g.03 - -4.71 - - - 2.10 0.6 1502.94 2932.70 40.04 2263.34 12.53 3623. fuel cells.3 1.1 - - 3.20 234.6 30.24 1335.14 2288.61 483.0 -0.85 615.19 3.98 67. wind.73 620.3 Main activity producers Gross production .7 - - 0.47 5.8 68.73 133.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 10.77 10201.58 300.21 3.7 -0. tide(2) Natural gas (1) Electricity generated = gross production .88 1098.36 884.76 116.49 7008. 126.4 Hydro 943.73 7.26 585. wind.82 1.77 10921.73 620.22 10. .63 1.81 21.13 6.23 607.7 - 72.78 258.08 0.42 167.73 43.3 1.79 9081.9 -1.81 9149.36 9798.55 648.75 1266.37 9.41 58.0 Oil 959.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.51 192. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.77 3.57 41.0 Natural gas 501.33 17.9 43. from chemical heat).IV.62 678.95 4154.79 15.25 0.8 .23 0.23 5.25 0.01 7.21 1276.90 2.94 109.67 83.81 10796.3 1.26 4521.79 15.92 5314.65 10.95 7672.80 3477.85 1273.74 111.06 21.51 1.8 6.23 7.3 6.98 720.67 2121.86 2185.70 - 9. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) 1974 1980 1990 2000 Total gross production 4532.92 280.44 89.81 59.50 10457. tide(2) 0.62 369.10 662.6 - 0.97 11.75 121.0 Coal 137.0 2.53 80.39 96.0 2.34 -1.79 10854.59 140.60 0.92 119. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.62 369.25 259.51 116.14 5298.23 7629.54 152.4 Coal Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .40 9795.23 6.3 1.83 43.3 0.63 89.73 Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 2008 2009 10864.02 202. ocean and other sources (e.20 10117.9 Nuclear 237.37 13.43 2278.54 5683.08 .69 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .44 64.71 678.8 -5.88 32.3 0.25 90.63 -2.06 4.42 29.3 9729.6 Oil 118.02 0.39 66.3 1.17 67.39 32.22 - -16.31 9.3 367.7 4.97 9730.06 10392.43 64.40 9.09 68.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 4.4 Geothermal Solar.37 3.68 1290.68 4.24 117.09 661.48 648.20 1011.93 2248.25 97.4 16.7 3.3 0.

Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.4 5.9 106264 33367 623 14328 57946 e e e e e e e e e e e 1.8 e 0.1 2.0 -5.4 30.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .7 -1.4 -1.0 2.IV.8 7.0 1.9 OECD TOTAL 5.1 6.4 3.3 2.6 3.7 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.8 4. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.1 13. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified e e e e e e e e e 1869 1869 119398 e 123711 11690 9913 12508 16037 27 34 577 502 1612 33 40 70107 e 70251 22844 e 26934 428429 66227 128202 17764 18198 2618 5704 6769 23596 119095 4983 483 6075 28715 412030 58352 127005 18015 17695 2341 5192 6817 24081 111735 5408 296 5572 e 29521 2543 7 2536 2724 4 2720 2468 2468 49395 e 54965 e 85274 e 146852 e 29 e 36 e 2694 e 14963 e 3 82 5 5 113 2357 49361 e 54924 e 82464 e 129450 e e e e e e e e e e e e e 128187 10546 16737 34 637 1135 21 71805 27272 e 456069 64415 e 141316 e 17825 e 17934 2669 e 5156 6672 e 25078 e 113956 5643 279 5926 e 49200 103394 e 100665 e 30475 28814 443 567 12654 12624 59822 e 58660 e 0. . Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 Total 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 2010 286879 e 280623 e 587823 e 628689 e 653764 e 639130 e 693289 e Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 12901 30 12871 12004 27 11977 47923 e 47219 e 1 3102 e 857 3549 481 e 18 13 34 7887 30625 e 39165 e 9410 e 224583 25416 54090 7944 1089 690 447 40859 4361 12807 2144 3604 71132 213654 31657 65274 14797 2999 586 481 40552 5459 26928 e 2179 e 2140 e 20602 e 452757 e 432150 e e 40742 e 58712 e e 80662 e 90729 e e 7514 e 19855 e 9824 17927 e e 812 1338 3494 6157 e e 21982 18226 e 6324 e 14666 e 38308 e 66095 e e 2869 3760 e 354 e 2083 9031 e e 238143 e 125300 e - - Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.4 -7.9 16.0 2.6 2769 e 50 2719 e 2.0 58.4 11.8 5.1 5.6 27. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.

. . comb. 27288 22832 21625 22871 ...... . Total Coal .. .. ... Autoproducers Total 530095 543954 496699 983493 537685 557150 . Natural gas . . ... ... 112542 191744 148952 129287 . .. 1706 5098 5060 5368 5333 . 12893 7553 7486 7466 . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 1671338 2059657 2407615 3217726 3023443 3263449 3062147 2... - 254724 13842 6851 - .. 3975 3685 2720 2839 .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . comb. .. Biofuels & waste .. 51 120 125 118 . . 5486 10133 10485 13889 .... Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.. Chemical processes . .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 6... . comb. . Heat pumps . . .. .. .... 197553 279725 393684 451448 .. - 149644 - - . Geothermal ... Electric boilers Other sources(1) ... Chemical processes ... 3999 4242 3684 3969 4499 . Oil . .3 Nuclear . . .. 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties. Natural gas . . . 8063 10044 12337 12956 . fuels .. 27439 22962 21792 23054 22516 . .. .. Oil .. .... . ..... 2. Coal . 775821 734875 751071 818708 .. .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. .... . . - - - - . 62 5 8 11 . Biofuels & waste .. .. . ..... Natural gas . 897867 852477 852539 924412 857031 Oil .... 122046 117602 101468 105704 ...9 of which: Main activity producers Total 1141243 1515703 1910916 2234233 2485758 2706299 . ... fuels .. 5486 10133 10485 13889 16033 .. ... . 109121 119539 121016 137257 . ... .. Nuclear . 24 557 964 1130 .. .. 164930 403213 170477 188394 . - - - - . .. ... 8114 10164 12462 13074 13290 . 1706 5098 5060 5368 . .... .. Heat pumps ..... Non-spec. .. . fuels .. 87456 107217 103283 116725 ...IV.. .. . 151 130 167 183 . 221663 311283 269968 266544 241910 .. .... Biofuels & waste .. .. Geothermal . . Geothermal .. .. . Heat pumps . ... . 943377 1352143 1329150 1430638 1347658 . . . Non-spec.. - 105080 13842 6851 . 12955 7558 7494 7477 7809 ..10 . Coal .....1 Nuclear . Electric boilers Other sources(1) .... Chemical processes .. 778447 948930 1158673 1242244 ... . .... ... 0.. 285009 386942 496967 568173 546068 Non-spec.

63 140.56 387..22 162.33 18.69 1428.86 475.0 2..59 46. 5.65 141.84 54.03 52.01 116.24 27.66 1141.0 -3. wave. 550.45 23.26 916..52 104.51 895.23 711.99 94.56 1369.18 627.92 3.2 Combustible fuels Biofuels & waste 1.57 594.31 46.56 613.4 Non-Thermal Total Hydro Tide.92 420.46 16.05 0.51 613.70 885.05 0.80 68.36 51. .61 2.43 26.37 991.64 74. 134.44 596.05 0..6 Coal .20 470.38 . 1.00 118.79 233.95 584.41 -3.82 315.02 0. fuel cells) Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.86 857.04 1499.0 78.18 1.7 - - 0.9 Oil .64 175.4 of which: main activity prod.21 586.32 440.96 70.4 -0. 0.94 171.98 5.71 8.05 0.63 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.32 13. 207.5 0. 2012 described in the introductory information. 19.00 0.18 19.26 434.50 3.95 818.45 90.2 5.75 759.02 0.52 114.99 975.3 Total .9 0.05 130.21 42..96 875.84 1.83 1392.4 2.7 Oil 257.20 1.43 1.45 . 7B..63 153.45 392..25 845.24 843..62 115.56 26.6 . -4.01 0..00 82.04 0.96 101.14 - 23. ocean Wind Other (e.4 5.55 75.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .60 114. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 54.53 139.59 135.5 49.5 1.7 0. 1.45 .33 2. 0.16 1389.72 9.60 .18 593.89 3.7 Natural gas .11 - 22.03 - - Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 1.IV.02 .85 133.06 0. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 828.85 27.00 102.87 1258.94 93. 14.86 276.94 621..9 Coal 447.05 0.21 1.9 1.3 - 0.2 0.61 24.88 71.49 13.91 135.05 0.64 52.7 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.99 1517.11 OECD TOTAL 7A. 894.25 451.8 Natural gas 120.g.6 78.66 1306.

6 9190958 6379108 e 5205064 e 3173194 e 2525841 e 2347241 e -4.8 Electricity production (GWh) 3695470 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.3 29600 32308 29815 41955 35038 43602 1. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 913399 e 1162024 e 2008 2009 1264836 1160008 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 711318 Fuel input (1000 t) 17640495 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 1751965 1203505 22106325 e 28001401 e 28995751 e 26535898 e 27511872 e 2296849 e 2922815 e 3047738 e 2779200 e 2893180 e 1.9 937560 657099 e 526049 e 337281 e 267351 e 253223 e -4. 4125322 e 5230669 e 5914574 e 5540710 e 5798552 e 1.4 1.0 11139 353672 e 344363 e 675960 701327 735638 3.2 353068 455951 e 489811 e 458294 461796 0.7 Electricity production (GWh) (2) Total combustible fuels * Excludes CHP plants.6 2236 3025 e 582111 540308 e 640207 e 553599 463191 54775 e 66956 e 57077 49041 Electricity production (GWh) (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 53226 e 66104 e 0.1 495423 e Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) 3534 3814 3532 4805 4326 4932 1. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.1 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. .12 .9 Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas 222879 145819 e 121294 e 76233 61491 e 56824 e -4.4 3933955 4915057 e 5120723 e 4981902 4722830 4721916 -0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 8.7 32 2989 e 10129 e 27595 e 34347 e 39718 13. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.5 2829 4715 3888 4846 2.8 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) 379 40066 e 124917 e 354611 e 406987 e 517911 13.IV.2 Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 408233 502166 e 507801 e 495084 477547 464697 -0.9 587496 6187991 e 10545215 e 15158678 e 15094123 610399 e 1143575 e 1846920 1849094 1971885 6.7 24560 33243 60395 e 33123 41277 56721 2.9 35978 e 228784 e 392362 e 538736 e 529398 e 531068 4.4 612778 0.7 1405 25568 e 33602 56586 57636 63979 4.7 (1) 6252533 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 16165864 4.3 3105 e 15264 29393 e 38472 e 38278 e 38881 4.7 2585 3403 5510 e 2767 3581 4940 1.

6 3.1 0.1 5.13 OECD TOTAL 9.0 194003 e 7805 e 92362 e 337605 e 16689 e 139318 e 347185 e 16849 e 139113 e 367601 18668 143117 7.9 1024981 e 2441276 e 989541 e 2363629 e 1064550 e 2514331 e 3. 2012 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Average annual percent change 1990-2010 .9 14.6 9.0 0.1 2.3 2. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.8 4.7 4963293 e 533963 e 1150335 4779414 521868 1079600 e 5251105 572214 1145310 5.8 79645 7724 5176 55068 5976 7370 67776 6425 12184 78249 6883 14304 -0. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 1990 2000 95159 102257 e 96621 e 1933892 2309026 e 2302843 e 125653 179129 e 199571 e 566114 e 608325 e 496976 e 55527 452337 25901 161041 3192 26726 4194 6866 61263 e 3120 e 25865 e 16886 680827 e 55294 217857 e 140418 1238848 87098 340556 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 21105 1313 e 3895 e 2010 100022 2273284 e 206733 e 532189 e 94889 2160448 e 192483 e 540573 e 99829 2262957 e 203954 e 560887 e -0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 10040 407247 40248 108189 18654 720391 68918 157724 17374 665639 59165 246341 15907 648382 57210 234112 e 16721 659794 55740 225067 e 2.3 -5.3 9.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.0 65919 e 6602 e 7353 e 78466 e 7676 e 10205 e 92303 9381 10620 13.4 -0.6 -1.9 7.6 619077 e 51302 e 87940 697026 71985 163857 749762 76337 172903 825259 81093 218901 -2.4 1.IV.2 95575 899848 78293 181412 2375 25768 2050 e 14414 e 3991 40824 2995 23451 5313 55499 3873 32578 5434 58221 3915 34392 6297 65436 4557 38368 5. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.4 7.4 105386 964072 87695 119533 98114 907745 81446 108304 101900 928430 81438 115964 -1.1 0.1 -0.9 e e e e 25368 1266551 e 1970 e 68730 e 7069 e 13788 e 5289 161 3077 2009 e e e e e e e e e e e e 396231 1860784 e 3831203 e 30356 e 159862 e 394345 e 97176 184493 e 755932 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 2008 80136 4262 3693 89445 e 2849 e 37009 e Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) 6882 30606 e Electricity production (GWh) 663 2984 CHP Heat production (TJ) 125 3886 Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 247962 e 558960 e 841928 e CHP Heat production (TJ) 1137281 1426319 e 1827356 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 2.7 -0.0 195933 e 14069 e 34419 e 290077 e 27991 e 22497 e 328245 32300 40103 259050 25332 30390 316727 30622 38679 e 2.4 4.3 6.8 14.2 24.0 4.

8 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 750 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) 476 261 4690 e 2076 5763 9034 19.0 Heat production (TJ) 281870 310466 e 147705 e 127731 120492 150438 -3.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 111244 137036 e 244249 e 364753 e 331102 388691 5.4 Heat production (TJ) 323 186 3797 e 1705 3766 6723 19.0 Fuel input (TJ) 54336 30614 e 10674 e 9017 8751 7374 -6.6 Heat production (TJ) 5116 e 5339 e 10550 e 5033 5178 5925 0.3 1073 28177 e 63404 107385 110469 126955 7.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 10.8 Heat production (TJ) - 1313 6303 10503 11520 12233 11.8 23001 e 53575 86370 90513 102670 7.6 Fuel input (TJ) 26121 e 72881 e 45795 e 71586 e 83738 e 90912 1.9 Heat production (TJ) 39968 21859 e 8021 e 7692 5612 5652 -6.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) - 1362 Fuel input (TJ) - 14637 8552 12051 8895 10025 -1.4 Fuel input (TJ) 418375 432544 e 181996 e 159615 162356 190063 -4.4 79694 e 100772 e 187445 e 263608 e 249550 e 285328 e 5.9 Heat production (TJ) - 11601 e 7255 9990 7598 8499 -1.6 Total combustible fuels(2) Heat production (TJ) 511522 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal 4739 2794 e 774 e 725 690 528 -8. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.14 .5 Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 1991 7353 12214 13351 15613 10. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 18562 20089 e 8194 e 6803 6985 8129 -4.6 Heat production (TJ) 70446 e 82659 e 63939 e 28973 35856 41477 -3.8 601756 e 520560 e 594708 e 598837 e 682287 e 0.5 Petroleum products 2233 2564 e 1998 e 849 1068 1207 -3. .1 Heat production (TJ) 14148 e 44560 e 31970 e 50734 e 56763 e 59605 1.IV. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.7 Fuel input (TJ) 92509 104765 e 82607 e 34912 44456 50088 -3.5 796 1135 843 1036 -1.5 (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) 7266 7614 e 12993 e 6941 7540 8627 0. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.

0 17.83 22.47 148.02 - 3.32 782.51 1.76 135.08 35.47 802.66 3.2 3.19 125.37 164.35 160.71 -2.18 115.0 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 958.87 93.07 0.19 9.17 61.26 1.21 5. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 2815.17 108.08 4.25 5.83 3732.62 3109.66 180.35 2.76 2. 7.80 -0.60 0.9 20.37 1179.8 -0.14 -17.68 -3.9 - - - - - - - - - Comm.5 158.26 49.6 1.98 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .92 255.48 89. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 -2.25 -0.00 0.66 1822.33 2.02 352.3 324.97 1.48 2941.07 746.81 1.42 3.4 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 695.13 151.67 913.57 852.53 1766.1 - 0.30 104.89 22.00 0.27 1140.01 1.83 16.29 0.8 2. & public serv.61 36.35 71.19 767.22 0.49 1202.61 49.14 0.2 5.51 186.6 0.59 86.51 63.43 60.76 9.91 436.68 20.50 72.1 0.6 69.03 30.54 259.96 77.34 20.31 0.98 2.73 2.1 182.2 313.8 1.00 -1.0 1584.59 490.3 2.37 551.80 256.18 0.71 35.6 3.34 2.0 0.9 62.24 133.61 17.11 0.43 70.22 740.70 169.65 232.99 24.54 1592.62 0.90 717.71 4.92 235.0 0.04 251.38 83.96 18.92 12.9 1.32 828.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .01 0.21 0.12 24.73 4.9 130.80 121.93 3.01 4.48 558.55 70.54 128.92 250.44 250.00 16.6 9.68 4.90 1167.55 114.51 0.09 0.40 4.9 250.2 1.29 278.10 0.6 3.72 4.0 0.5 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.IV.94 20.03 0.19 258.29 940.03 1.33 1146.02 0.35 58.14 0.50 105.98 166.01 0.6 42.66 294.27 - 6. .5 -1.11 -0.69 1.79 144.38 11.68 756.11 1745.6 0.93 1107.84 2.3 1.30 6.10 0.5 - - 0.29 10.5 -3.9 0.1 2.17 277.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.34 145.22 4.8 10.4 55. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 284.98 100.97 225.15 OECD TOTAL 11.8 3.26 9.0 0.22 40.69 160.42 9.50 0.86 15.28 5.7 0.32 736.56 481.16 0.7 665.84 4.84 -0.49 238.29 0.91 1101.78 266.01 0.95 1.42 1850.83 705.94 254.08 941.67 829.86 207.81 3.26 10.73 589.67 0.87 3.43 409.55 2.59 1112.50 0.0 1.08 16.58 222.49 131.70 11.24 114.5 3.76 102.65 42.76 0.07 - 5.65 913.07 7.8 19.9 5.02 1573. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.2 2.20 3.3 303.35 0.62 10.5 498.09 -0.82 769.02 0.84 84.44 14.29 0.02 491.6 -1.3 0.92 67.2 -6.73 24.93 806.9 0.08 0.30 3568.78 281.43 3646.3 -3.0 - - 0.37 147.88 141.14 0.1 84.87 -1.78 5.70 3691.08 63.

2 -0.72 19.01 0.0 5.83 2.5 7.26 57. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.10 0.02 290.07 709.60 0.26 3.09 124.71 0.54 0.60 55.6 -1.47 16.75 1.06 248.55 269.29 257.01 6.01 27. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.19 4.78 128.02 1.74 4.30 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.57 198.60 599.1 2.75 556.06 0.48 696.54 0.69 271.60 365.42 13.5 1.63 1.57 3.7 1.04 4.52 13.87 19.0 2.33 2.9 1.10 96.57 249.7 14.16 46.74 0.31 4.37 49.2 0.04 2.97 0.5 -25.9 12.6 5.83 26.63 244.71 47.3 2.8 -4. lubricants and bitumen.00 259.0 0.28 0.43 0.11 1.03 17.2 -4.35 17.40 120.39 48.29 76.03 63.32 7.61 0.01 1.75 22.98 1.08 349.49 62.38 7.21 0. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.88 3.8 -2.5 2.14 1.6 1.75 3.34 7.01 1.23 61.1 1.24 -3.16 1.80 35.56 56.29 101.0 -1.12 0.10 0.98 2.31 4.87 149.01 1.14 1.02 1.68 18.82 0.17 0.7 6.15 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .4 0.72 5.50 0.51 371.06 0.04 15.79 0.47 64.09 0.0 4.35 19. paraffin waxes.96 173.17 0.30 15.00 0.67 40.34 15.1 3.09 50. .29 93.14 4.93 0.3 1.4 -6.25 12.15 0.21 1.86 0.31 4.21 48.01 1.78 6.78 48.67 198.61 0.77 8.30 64.93 0.18 0.99 0. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.02 34.27 4.5 0.40 0.9 2.74 4.5 23.16 23.70 733.10 30.18 0.25 4.IV.7 -1.87 73.6 -16. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 549.50 0.14 7.11 96.1 9.8 9.89 11.98 8.1 -27.62 0.1 -10.06 0.27 2.96 366.20 11.7 5.08 3.4 -2.16 .45 0.01 4.2 4.30 21.19 7.88 1.16 0.40 215.95 1.04 1.49 720.18 0.8 220.27 7.21 0.21 0. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.57 4.30 62.79 265.98 2.03 0.62 37.68 144. This includes use of products such as white spirit.3 Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 63.0 -0.48 169.6 -3.92 30.96 3.14 28.23 4.7 -1.34 0.96 0.04 14.24 0.4 6.00 65.78 42.06 6.48 4.01 1.8 5.23 4.7 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 43.01 0.47 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 11.07 0.57 20.96 15.5 0.40 0.

64 266.44 15.40 347.34 19.72 15.80 316.18 2169.51 186.74 169.47 22.77 10.12 60.38 353.85 21.20 9.40 50.IV.93 8.79 Construction 0.24 162.08 941.45 44.23 55.88 25.37 316.49 238.62 25.70 343.85 1.40 9.17 105.78 89.92 32.39 15.75 301.32 16.70 6.73 12.93 77.95 16.56 34.91 2.78 273.47 15.40 1.57 72.04 28.32 182.01 171.10 14.24 90.14 52.35 121.11 24.30 3568.43 3646.57 884.31 81. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.10 49.93 161.27 9.54 2583.00 171.35 Paper.43 409.55 13.49 25.49 4.93 6.19 767.43 22.97 26.63 291.17 4.50 Non specified/other 264.65 23.83 3797.09 136.11 828.19 302.80 360.74 30.27 289.50 93.66 Mining and quarrying 4.08 334.61 Food and tobacco 40.96 114.50 84.17 277.40 107.48 86.80 Total industry (Mtoe) 958.72 44.65 913.95 106.11 17.36 56.33 278.93 86.80 104.81 Construction 10.69 Non-ferrous metals 30.97 9.50 109.30 Non-ferrous metals 226.26 9.28 73.28 120.21 20.46 32.36 6.79 6.74 Non specified/other 22.60 379.99 50.60 26.76 30.22 226.20 3732. pulp and printing 62.53 280.34 77.38 260.02 46.72 57.03 68.56 122.62 3109.88 5.06 594.09 198.82 769.98 Chem.32 301.33 9.20 389.56 Mining and quarrying 56.73 8.16 598.38 7.13 95.58 222.26 25.84 181.29 22.75 520.36 360.43 85.11 7.79 97.90 237.11 17.31 26.17 23.43 Transport equipment 14.14 359.00 26.40 32.16 579.72 Iron and steel 257. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .35 Iron and steel 22.94 802.74 Machinery 28.37 5. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather 32.38 12.01 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.06 852.91 31.69 149.56 17.42 38.62 96.04 161.21 113.86 188.54 259.67 60.79 Chem.52 Paper.69 15.75 28.91 24.43 10.15 20.91 6.53 78.39 51.10 14.03 377.38 118.19 57.69 85.93 26.08 Food and tobacco 7.24 12.08 165.80 72.40 19.08 28.78 46.05 Non-ferrous metals 19.70 3691.28 21.24 33.90 19.75 239. and petrochemical 32.39 Wood and wood products 2.37 80.03 14.02 Textile and leather 7.26 1.77 2773.67 75.64 128.87 25.08 72.40 110.67 829.80 22.07 22.56 15.00 107.95 3181.45 117.17 140.73 333.91 3015.63 20.28 18.67 50.37 551.29 Mining and quarrying 13.51 263.61 116.93 806.87 1.92 29.48 20.00 5. 96.89 56.12 113. pulp and printing Total industry (TWh) 1843.56 237.77 21.74 8.65 10.08 33.89 3098.90 717.86 44.64 25.22 5.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 2012 12.57 13. and petrochemical 382.96 97. and petrochemical 104.18 27.98 10.79 58.29 Non specified/other 391.22 516.62 63.28 111.94 23.86 8.43 51.97 1.48 2941.44 45.00 27.36 73.01 9.17 27.88 35.43 14.07 10.62 115.08 120.91 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 324.08 161.43 205.25 284.80 236.74 66.68 42.95 10.17 OECD TOTAL TFC (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2815.11 151.02 98.37 12.97 8.32 Iron and steel 163.08 373.74 104.87 Total industry (Mtoe) 158.03 Food and tobacco 85.31 39.11 332.56 74.25 Textile and leather 24.63 29.42 6.15 10.13 24.37 3229.16 22.09 28.54 22.84 32.27 360.92 292.62 4.04 398.91 18.86 22.85 14.49 326.62 324.47 804.33 127.72 Wood and wood products Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment 5.11 21.64 16.65 30.81 3.49 30.74 443.81 16.55 164.85 21.24 6.59 84.85 18.41 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.06 315.58 0.35 73.72 49.33 80.01 27.91 103.74 105.07 211.09 Non-metallic minerals 67.60 17.86 41.01 570.58 Chem.48 24.70 Machinery Paper.07 43.38 412.16 309.12 127.70 8.12 Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery 67.13 50.

Y.18 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 15 652 176 545 Turkmenistan - - 320 - 649 115 - - 554 - 633 450 505 685 2176 4614 4710 3210 2347 1489 2656 2848 2847 2280 © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 13. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.IV. 2012 Total from OECD . - 163 94 - - 4364 4293 4628 3418 3454 1 59 403 1976 2798 2532 3647 901 1188 3810 3856 216 215 182 303 36 83 562 664 120 309 1207 2328 172 252 720 586 1252 4893 10362 11059 11931 11847 75 544 - - 204 283 4531 5084 891 - - - - 496 612 - - 12160 3502 27425 - (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. of Macedonia - - Georgia - Lativia - - - - Lithuania - - - - Romania 1428 955 46 49 United States Russian Federation Serbia 750 - - Ukraine 3795 8326 54127 Non-specified/others 46335 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.R. Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 87744 140286 258539 259722 348390 416705 409042 382893 385869 Imports from: 36025 74734 212870 249448 333916 390442 378488 350721 354258 Austria 498 991 6910 8924 16332 20943 20006 23410 22947 Belgium 89 7810 4488 3550 4452 9038 6544 11289 11826 Canada 16848 30181 20555 44503 48515 50118 55732 51109 43763 Czech Republic - Denmark Estonia 289 - - 2975 6116 18634 26350 19986 22225 21449 1372 4940 5648 8177 11172 11006 10174 11741 - - - - 1921 2250 1785 1967 Finland 260 1163 362 276 1004 2675 3226 3220 4983 France 2496 4338 55503 77740 77719 66323 56967 43322 48741 Germany 1238 5067 22161 27167 39909 61138 59782 51146 56858 Greece - - 174 209 2192 2312 Hungary - - 696 Ireland - - Italy 318 Luxembourg - Mexico - - 212 622 843 243 722 238 30 41 53 152 85 146 253 384 476 2947 3651 1528 1109 965 778 738 2084 1629 1868 1845 736 - - - 1951 2257 77 1278 1287 1082 1320 215 3906 3499 3902 4031 5568 9272 10511 12772 Norway 5401 1503 16413 8573 20486 14370 15700 13867 5776 Poland - 828 7878 7150 9658 13076 9632 9820 7514 514 1697 1742 3767 2153 1314 2801 3189 5017 Netherlands Portugal 78 Slovak Republic 778 2484 8825 9058 7487 6063 Slovenia - 303 - 1363 816 4554 3817 5599 7240 8066 Spain 2239 3631 3606 3031 5293 10748 12405 9941 9315 Sweden 549 20 1321 14605 8627 12955 15992 16480 10632 14581 Switzerland 3071 7247 23354 26496 29785 35651 31559 32365 31636 Turkey - - United Kingdom - - - 89 - - 736 96 19 45 46 1234 3806 1676 4299 4870 2566 3558 18357 8586 16411 19657 24215 18509 19083 Total from non-OECD 5384 11425 18244 10274 12985 23607 27706 29325 29331 Albania - 151 165 198 50 61 404 Azerbaijan - - 125 156 Belarus - - Bulgaria - Croatia - - F.

2012 Total to OECD .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 178 256 154 205 529 - 813 - 88 - - 9 122 58 Turkmenistan 573 389 - 258 - - - - - - - - - 1207 - - 477 572 - 379 374 491 - - - 8 - 1724 2695 - - 105 - 7065 308 - 146 - 1189 3430 2653 1364 - - - - - 392 24 10 17 4 2850 1263 1718 1334 53045 30405 1405 4419 9572 11844 12463 12969 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 81441 124551 243561 256630 347815 416259 401547 373891 374952 Exports to: 45184 71313 211265 250385 332184 387019 374558 347979 349852 Austria 614 1067 7789 9751 15198 23626 23626 24037 25059 Belgium 1320 1086 2322 6058 11557 15848 17021 9507 12427 Canada 2570 3461 19936 7992 12685 19559 23499 17490 18482 Czech Republic - - Denmark 918 1841 - 47 4405 8699 10209 8523 8234 6685 12106 3825 8571 10225 12432 10490 10260 - - - 6481 3873 8365 Estonia - Finland 4136 France 2686 9845 7019 3256 3676 10358 10563 19460 20463 Germany 3211 3930 24998 39439 45612 43379 38627 38127 40816 678 Greece - - Hungary - - Ireland - - - - - 233 1288 7826 - 10 87 246 4671 3104 3684 1218 1810 311 67 10513 8304 7407 5946 133 1382 373 452 378 Italy 761 1425 34226 38000 42078 48341 41938 43531 41671 Luxembourg 913 1073 4364 5651 6409 5725 5666 5000 5384 Mexico - 590 1154 1993 584 699 648 625 Netherlands 1288 10 12657 15497 21835 23149 25231 15562 15486 165 991 407 1911 1231 4144 1824 4815 13258 4 13 4088 2494 7100 7673 7071 6173 2342 1734 2661 4698 9650 10753 7608 5823 6695 Norway Poland - Portugal 132 Slovak Republic Slovenia - - 21 4848 552 - Spain 322 3652 4602 2101 5967 13476 7830 8762 - 2089 2805 3307 1733 1309 2594 2136 2337 3209 7632 12271 9060 5884 6782 5183 Sweden 5256 1825 12749 8221 17688 17494 14686 15468 16801 Switzerland 3893 5540 21694 19083 24070 34410 31317 30751 32782 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States - - - - 30 - - 161 22 11925 16330 14768 9412 13722 7888 8583 16286 30184 20075 45364 51053 51555 56537 52793 44739 193 1891 4840 11212 19668 15145 13449 12131 541 391 1111 1773 1657 1035 495 437 15 - - Total to non-OECD 60 Albania - - Azerbaijan - - - Belarus - - - Bulgaria - - Croatia - - - 2398 7079 9785 8746 7294 F. of Macedonia - - - - - 111 95 6 Georgia - - - 118 54 Lativia - - - Lithuania - - - Romania Russian Federation 2 - Serbia 15 - Ukraine - Non-specified/others 36197 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.Y. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.R.19 OECD TOTAL 14.

37 3. ....... (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters..03 1519.36 17.10 1786. . ... . ..59 5.. .17 0. ..... Liquid fuels ...... .. .18 0.02 972. .74 Geothermal 0.. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. . ..12 14. Type of generation Steam . ..78 5... .87 3.81 Hydro Solar Tide..91 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 52.... ..... . ...57 1056. .64 1. ..83 75.26 0.. . . wave. . .26 0.01 434.03 85..... .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD TOTAL 15.. ..40 2468.. ...26 0... .. .51 166..35 5. Natural gas ...20 . . . Combined cycle ...46 0.. Internal combustion .93 440. ... .67 282.. .. .. .40 440. .. .. ... ..30 10.78 1291.. .. fuel cells) - - - 0...45 0.. . Other . Biofuels & waste . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 924.01 0. .99 49.27 95.. Korea before 1994 and for Slovak Republic before 1995.. .85 313. .. Peak load .. .05 0. . . . .78 30. .. .. .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.86 887. ocean Wind - - 0.97 407.91 265.. ..58 313.. .. . . .32 113. . . .84 2409.48 1.27 302.94 312. ..... Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics..31 Other (e.. ..85 6... . . . .. . Solid / natural gas . ... .. .. .37 119..41 1. . .g.09 1472. . . .. .03 1749. . .26 0...46 83.16 2353. . ..72 312.IV. .......03 - - 0. .. .65 704. .75 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products ..24 0...24 0.. . .78 391..08 0..47 1547. . .10 1495.78 94. .73 94. . ... . . . . ....88 2307.81 95.36 1056.. .. ..09 1600.26 0. . . .. .. ..60 5. Liquid / natural gas . . .. . . ... Solid / liquid / gas .72 of which: pumped storage 2..32 5. ..26 128.34 16. .26 0. .05 357.44 92. ..84 295. . .. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993. . . . ... Available capacity . Gas turbine .. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .56 436. .

. .23 0. . Korea before 1996 and Slovak Republic before 2001.80 Tide.04 0... . .....01 0.. . . ..55 of which: pumped storage - - 0.34 18.54 75..27 0.17 - - - - 12. .. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 1. . .. .61 4.. ... .11 153... ...57 13. .g... .. Solid / liquid / gas ... Natural gas . . . .17 149.58 3.48 55... . . ... . . .04 1. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.. ... ...... Liquid / natural gas .82 161.97 3. . . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .. Liquid fuels .58 2.. ... . . . . .64 107...04 Solar - - 0. ....04 0.. ...55 1. .. .07 0.95 0... . . .. .12 0. .11 0. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993...... . .. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .. .. .66 5. fuel cells) - - - 0... Combined cycle . ... .67 3.. . . . ...09 0. .. .. .27 5. Available capacity .03 0.93 128. (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters. .. ..80 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear Hydro 0.. ...68 0. . .. ... Type of generation Steam . . . ... ..08 167.64 0. . wave.. ..70 0.34 0.10 Geothermal - 0. Other .85 136.13 14. ..87 60. .. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 68.34 16.....11 0...... .... .18 3.51 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products ... . . .06 140. . . Peak load .. . . ....27 0. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ... .15 0..38 143.. . . Gas turbine . .. .09 1. . ..70 179.. .04 0.. ..27 292.. . . . . . . Internal combustion . . ... ..66 3... ... Solid / natural gas .. . .61 157. .57 10...05 0. Biofuels & waste .... .48 0..85 10. . . .98 7. . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. .49 139. ...... .. .. ..81 10. . .40 Other (e..IV.21 OECD TOTAL 15.24 16.28 273.. .

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

&heat Figure 5./cons.3%) 1926. Total final consumption by fuel 6000 2500 5000 2000 4000 TWh Mtoe 1500 1000 3000 2000 500 1000 0 1971 1976 1981 Electricity Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 Hydro 2006 2011 Other Figure 4.5 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. serv.3%) Transport (0.3 TWh Residential (36.5 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec. Electricity consumption by sector 250 1800 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ./GDP Prod.25 1971=100 1 1000 800 150 1 100 600 400 0.1%) Other (3.2%) Transport (0./pub. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. 1996 2001 2006 2010 1971 0.0%) 2010 Other (1. (33.4%) Residential (33. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec./population CO2/elec. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1. (25.23 OECD AMERICAS Figure 2.75 50 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.2%) Commerce / public serv.5 200 1400 1.4%) 4534.7%) Industry (26./TFC Elec.4%) Industry (40. 2012 TWh 1200 Production/Consumption Product 1600 .IV. Electricity indicators Figure 3.

5 -1.01 -4.02 -0.53 13.12 14.46 538.10 98.3 1. (2) Net Imports = total imports .5 Biofuels & waste 52.55 229.21 0..18 0. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.1 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 1.07 2619.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.13 372.02 0.96 -0.6 182 161 128 109 93 92 90 -2.01 0.84 70.31 5.88 2260. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.25 5.44 47. 1.81 542. (2) In units of toe/per capita.4 -0.22 655.53 1003.8 Coal 329.08 0.6 1.59 115.99 15279.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele. 2281.36 2101.3 -1. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.0 .6 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0.40 2.3 Oil 934. ocean and other (e.84 2677. - (1) Includes wave.51 18.39 18.39 11.65 -0.TFC = electricity total final consumption.3 1.72 114.09 1058..03 0.42 575.84 65.17 -2. (3) Ele.06 4875.4 - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.18 0.34 2.67 985.75 3.5 41.92 -0.1 297.24 0.05 59.9 0.82 329.0 2.1 0.59 109.12 3.07 2619.81 82.89 11. .6 TPES (Mtoe) 562.44 1.9 0.46 2879.32 954.12 6858. 2. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.55 6.2 -1.15 8. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 TPES (Mtoe) 1950.19 517.g. -0.95 14.36 2101.17 0.31 3819.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.TFC/population(4) Elec.84 2677.4 0.70 51.81 720.1 112 115 112 105 97 97 .42 9312.07 6.95 1001.30 426.79 240.58 469.19 518.01 14804.63 5.3 Natural gas 1.07 5293.13 522.88 2260.61 15579.17 0.00 242.80 465.00 1.35 401.4 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 1950.80 57.7 1.27 2.20 2678.31 79.04 2695.05 0. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.04 2695.89 692.39 6.77 179.74 5101..31 0.88 57. wind. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .1 - - 0.94 664.60 474. Energy consumption.6 Nuclear 27.16 13.1 1.20 2678. fuel cells)..97 920.6 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.07 13025.60 5294.24 .IV.8 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 5644.70 5. 6470 7281 8511 9797 9374 9659 .35 0.57 243.10 14.28 - 19.6 .05 490.2 6.

4 72.9 33.6 -1.7 913.. Residential 641.9 241.2 .Own use by power plant Net production 2172. - - - 0.1 6.4 .0 5317.2 687.5 1105.7 194.2 13.9 19. - 0....5 210.3 1.1 Nuclear 104.1 130.9 1136.6 1272.4 17.7 1..Used for electric boilers - - - - - - - 29.25 OECD AMERICAS 3. wave..0 4902. 551.6 21.9 307.7 3167.6 40.5 4.5 878. serv..9 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 386.8 719.6 266.1 713. 4.3 21. ocean - - 0.0 ..1 2009.0 0..7 .2 64.3 1503. 774.0 .7 21. Commercial & publ.2 22.1 23.3 162.1 317.4 304.4 4180.7 18.5 390.6 .3 13.0 161.. Solar .6 4297.2 .2 24..0 5035. traction and lighting purposes.3 2474. 18. 1884.5 918.4 3306.3 141.Energy industry consumption(2) 1978. Combustible fuels .6 85.2 116.1 0..0 2304.0 65.7 29.8 5124.1 3170.7 40.1 -1. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 2281.8 935.7 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 930.3 87.4 3542.0 0.8 4946.2 406.6 71.6 830. .8 783.4 3835.2 696.2 .0 78.1 2.1 2504.1 5.9 4883. Other (e.1 80.9 8.7 1651. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. .0 0.9 26.6 .0 18.3 4636.2 239.8 24. Nuclear .1 894.8 68.2 2275.8 118.7 925.4 33. 5.1 .0 .8 347. Sector non specified 2.7 254.5 1248.9 64.0 648.g..4 2340.0 1561.7 109..2 23.2 3602.9 554.0 .8 1308.9 20.2 2023.0 19.0 0.7 151.g.1 3343..6 958.4 2728.6 15.1 1078.8 4856.. ocean .7 1196.0 0.3 2172.8 100..1 375.8 Solar - - 0.0 - -6. Total consumption .3 81.1 4.1 68.6 2879.5 922.1 709.8 3625. Hydro .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 13.IV.6 5216..9 0. - 0.1 105.3 681.6 209.3 - - - - 0.7 3098. Tide.9 24.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .2 690.6 0.2 4594.0 1568.5 .0 2.8 5317..6 22.5 879.6 2014.8 4362.Statistical difference Industry Transport Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.5 2728. Other (e.4 19.0 0.9 19.Used for pumped storage 0.6 6..7 .5 353.2 .4 Hydro 481.0 943.0 0.1 20.7 0.3 0.8 618.3 715.4 10.8 94. Wind . .2 226..3 2131.0 5064.6 1373. 8.9 25.8 4660.Exports 18.0 8.5 .5 4534.3 2395.7 0.9 3439...1 .1 2.2 1436.2 66. losses .8 + Imports 19. Electrical energy supplied .5 612.. -0.2 3365.0 253.1 690.5 640.7 1.8 .9 . electric boilers and pumped storage.0 719.3 82. wave. fuel cells) .5 106.6 4.7 107.4 81.4 21.9 229.7 1494.2 117.9 66.1 0.7 4604.0 5. 287..7 1.8 32.5 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . - 3. 52.9 91.5 .0 814...0 1470.7 1.1 4463.0 0.Transmission & distr.5 4976.5 Oil 362.0 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Wind Combustible fuels Coal - - 3.0 0.0 32.2 150.5 3261.6 0.6 1796. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.5 24.3 126. Final consumption 1926.0 0.5 11.0 89.9 1692.1 15.. fuel cells) .2 27.3 3549.7 .4 . Geothermal .6 65.3 -2. 481.0 898..5 -0.5 3346.4 Tide.2 380.0 4478.7 1304. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.3 1221.4 1098.9 0.

87 215.79 24.7 50.80 935.95 304. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 2291.74 941.92 26.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 4.29 233.7 2.74 4.47 10.89 4.00 32.92 46.5 -2.18 245.6 .49 5101.56 1304.65 4622.7 1.93 24.5 0.20 1.6 Biofuels & waste 0.29 56.88 0.32 2832.83 277.3 Coal 0.8 0.50 60.3 1.74 308.83 301.73 0.0 Natural gas 357.11 0.70 17. wind.06 4875.18 245.13 2879.39 22.69 202.21 33.18 36.11 2. tide(2) - - 0.6 - - - - - - - - - 44.10 15.6 2246.5 Geothermal Solar.07 5293.2 -0.32 17.63 4.14 110.71 0. .6 Hydro 503.7 0.1 3.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 2246.29 2.64 36.34 103.1 -0.31 3819.38 2003.93 24.05 25.1 2.56 930.18 36.45 0.06 6.08 49.51 978.42 25.76 2257.3 0.27 14.40 90.29 233.2 1.20 10.8 Nuclear 135.83 277.24 2879.48 101.26 0. (2) Includes wave.79 - 1.89 25.98 4902.93 23.92 26.85 39.1 2291.85 60.41 3834.94 8.82 385.82 5072.92 - - - - - - - - 3.22 687.86 2105.38 878.34 661.14 38.9 Oil 344.41 89.7 2.09 27.9 Hydro Geothermal Solar.74 5305. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.20 0.12 - - - - - - 34.5 44.75 114.89 25.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.11 0.08 627.73 2.05 34.18 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .03 6.52 23.7 -1.89 5048.6 Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .15 118.55 5097.00 5317.21 35.1 -0.58 4890.08 233.19 4867.92 46.41 253.30 106.21 2832.22 37.60 3.23 22.22 14.1 Main activity producers Gross production .2 15.88 5124.49 12.22 20.57 4649.g.88 36.63 5330.3 Oil 7.3 - - 6.IV.66 5072.38 -3.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - - 0.78 3.41 253.39 22.10 15.9 Natural gas 2.9 1.26 .48 658.14 1103.49 29. tide(2) (1) Electricity generated = gross production .3 -4.67 - Coal 900.46 2. from chemical heat).36 1026.14 47. wind.08 233.40 -1.94 82.54 564. ocean and other sources (e.17 107. fuel cells.98 98.9 1.46 17.85 8.88 2218.49 12.08 13.48 1768.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.81 522.05 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.76 642.49 3541.41 37.1 6.59 3557. 49.99 621.7 3.7 0.75 19.94 49.

8 412 2 410 - - 419 3 416 381 1 380 41290 e 118949 e 61079 58438 57303 23 720 7591 7910 8138 22 22 103 264 254 270 41267 e 118229 e 53202 e 50252 e 48792 e 1.6 22.1 0. . Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.6 42804 10613 20267 11924 44100 10999 21111 11990 - 117727 e 123343 120037 953 626 577 2866 56934 56143 261 243 409 254 92 51 185 2862 3239 906 6392 6437 1628 46769 e 45113 1360 1329 75 307 438 111114 e 7331 6213 131086 647 61848 256 208 43 3149 7258 44523 1356 633 11165 -2.IV.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 261619 e 245182 e 224228 e 221660 e 232901 e 8506 e 39387 2028 11093 2275 20005 4203 e 8289 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 -0. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) Total 1974 1980 11574 15832 - - - 5924 5924 7991 7991 220329 838 219491 - - - 5650 5650 7841 7841 Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.7 34.0 -13.27 OECD AMERICAS 5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.

... . Natural gas . . 9181 29596 41029 37464 ..... - - - - . ...... - - - - .. . . . Heat pumps . fuels .. - - - - .. Oil . - - - - - ..... .... of which: Main activity producers Total 43140 114236 357747 288805 557522 525127 . Electric boilers Other sources(1) .. ... . . - - - - .. ... Non-spec. . Heat pumps . 81572 50316 104037 102689 .. . - - - - ... .. . . . Geothermal ....5 Nuclear .. .. 2014 2014 2112 2112 .... 239876 192185 365014 340927 364455 . - - - - . - - - - . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 43140 129895 359761 290819 559634 527239 549864 7.. Total Biofuels & waste . .. Natural gas . 81572 50316 104037 102689 103373 . Heat pumps . Coal . .. - - - - .. . .. Total - 15659 2014 2014 2112 2112 . - - - - . .. - - - - - ... . comb.. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . Autoproducers Biofuels & waste . . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .. ... . . .. 239876 192185 365014 340927 . - - - - - . Coal ............ .... Coal ..IV. .. ... .. Chemical processes .. Chemical processes .. Oil ... fuels .. . 7.. - - - - - .. . Geothermal . ... Non-spec. Geothermal ... .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. -9. . Non-spec. - - - - . .. .. - - - - . . fuels ... 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties.. . . - - - - ....... .3 Nuclear . comb. ... . .9 Nuclear . 29132 18722 49554 46159 42143 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 6... - - - - - . 27118 16708 47442 44047 ...28 . . . - - - - . - - - - ... .... .... - - - - ... .. - - - - . Natural gas . ... Chemical processes . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA... Oil . . - - - - - . .. Biofuels & waste . 9181 29596 41029 37464 39893 .. - - - - . comb. .... .. .. - - - - - .

05 771.7 0.30 526. -3. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 29.22 95.23 .29 0.01 9.73 24.73 223.7 Total .54 420.58 536.80 57.17 490.00 0.10 154.00 245.06 26.00 - 0.39 22.00 ..87 23.53 13.5 2.55 229.00 0. 5.04 46.70 51.70 70.1 41. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.08 22.60 256.8 Oil .6 Coal .7 1.1 -1.05 136.78 3..51 5.4 0.13 7.3 Non-Thermal Total 41. 470.05 523.00 0.06 467.52 184. wave.3 Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 1.00 0.44 47.3 Combustible fuels Biofuels & waste 1.06 0.77 766.64 258. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 403.83 20.19 746.59 532.60 0. fuel cells) - - 0.14 - 19.6 Tide.73 13.4 Wind Other (e.26 714.11 0.69 524.44 47.56 14.19 726.38 242. .67 206. 0.56 64.70 52. 73.68 2.79 11.39 18.9 Natural gas ..14 11.47 - 11.51 728.80 33.78 246.84 470.4 1.99 26.69 22.17 603.30 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .84 472.29 90..80 24.81 691.14 187.96 203.70 74..3 0. 7B.g. ocean Hydro - - 0.38 40.9 -2.31 79.5 .57 243.4 4. 17.92 13.4 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.8 27.15 0. 2012 described in the introductory information.80 259.4 Coal 225.34 0.3 - - 0.29 OECD AMERICAS 7A.72 59.06 57..17 781.37 494.85 66.57 13.25 5.88 13..88 57.66 .92 29.55 85.84 1.64 55. 307.IV.64 13.52 415..05 59.56 201..8 Oil 88..95 43.59 . 0.2 Natural gas 89. 89.2 of which: main activity prod. 10.98 1.89 66.50 -3.48 .26 45.7 -3.57 307.77 179.26 0.57 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.16 197. 1.17 17.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 8.8 Electricity production (GWh) 2014143 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.0 Electricity production (GWh) - 9693 14561 e 15153 e 14967 e 14945 2.1 802220 1579605 1678476 1694918 1500033 1571140 -0.3 0. 2298923 e 2946550 e 3255400 e 3209822 1.5 3354324 2201317 2300491 1181570 e 1027098 950557 -4.5 1405 15368 19532 19146 19681 21462 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9 Brown coal 53059 100889 108847 108164 95454 99738 -0.7 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) 452 Electricity production (GWh) 41 e 623 e 29002 e 51 2073 Petroleum products 76937 48835 53101 25376 23967 -3.1 317538 205496 215265 116903 e 102493 94352 -3.7 Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels 3043088 * Excludes CHP plants.5 Electricity production (GWh) - 2517 e 4630 e 8208 e 8791 e 9455 6.IV.7 Fuel input (TJ) - 9138 10421 17178 15050 21683 4.8 390174 306647 501519 876332 922950 991436 6.2 Fuel input (TJ) - 30950 e 58676 e 97685 e 101466 e 108329 6.0 73154 143310 154372 174348 149091 157709 0.5 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - 13364 8652 12136 16.8 0.0 869 696 938 15.30 . . Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 644211 e 833576 e 2008 2009 883472 796775 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 491980 Fuel input (1000 t) 12599183 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 1231374 834961 15710586 e 19858551 e 19739972 e 17662619 e 18576033 e 1615092 e 2033675 e 2043012 e 1822993 e 1917927 e 1.4 Electricity production (GWh) - 749 923 1429 1426 1598 3. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.8 4238108 3278187 5113391 7449547 7710599 8293900 4.9 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas 29040 (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Industrial waste Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 162000 e 219034 e 245673 e 242100 e 241385 2.0 11139 258964 e 215975 e 259665 255627 284427 0.

205456 e 112485 e 1246 e 18583 e 3134 e - 2008 - (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.9 4.9 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 1157395 e 57969 - 402284 33015 9489 246570 34165 28358 253600 34501 30839 246418 33610 26954 -7.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .31 OECD AMERICAS 9.9 12790 1325 2191 12296 e 1144 e 1112 e 14568 e 1443 e 1049 e 15524 1387 1924 - 359867 e 358380 e 327552 e 566219 e 322213 e 558223 e 340068 525828 2.5 2.0 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 283 12311 e 8618 e Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 22654 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 8. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.9 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 13083 e 1037 e 633 e 40737 e 2319 e 15884 e 33304 e 1998 e 12033 e 34740 e 2106 e 12437 e 31454 1842 12063 4.3 4.7 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 71583 3961 - 58985 6247 187 35515 3915 3751 38004 4106 3818 44934 4772 3807 -2.4 -2.6 13. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) 1990 2000 - 11445 302045 35063 19742 e e e e Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 1096 16154 2651 258 e e e e - - - - 30402 788540 75408 81572 e e e e 2009 2010 24841 565326 e 58352 e 85898 e 22012 489858 e 48127 e 95870 e 23375 524444 e 51750 e 95149 e 3.2 - - - - - - - - 83858 e 6323 - 45083 3545 10540 32604 2370 8167 38442 3207 7540 - 77 3358 5451 2943 4020 145927 13940 9181 e 3074 118184 15268 42152 3275 126674 16224 41029 2382 96132 13480 37464 18.3 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 8.9 15.6 2. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.3 20.8 2.IV.6 - 1147018 99324 7601 2078966 218156 239876 e 1934630 209165 382375 1909069 213336 365014 2042011 230020 340927 2.7 18. 2012 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Average annual percent change 1990-2010 .

1 Heat production (TJ) - 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e 1411 0. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Hard coal and patent fuel Brown coal Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Natural gas(1) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 2629 e 2629 e 2375 e 2591 e 2591 -0.1 (2) Total combustible fuels Heat production (TJ) Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.1 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - 1411 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 10.32 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. . 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.

9 16.22 - -2.51 129.0 81. & public serv.44 1.25 0.20 716.96 26.69 0. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 166.2 2.1 0.51 - 25.43 126.8 0.32 477.3 - - - 0.72 61.17 28.03 2.12 40.56 70.74 69.39 - -2.54 1.82 382.6 -2.06 0.53 1876.53 39.99 0.98 94.43 0.56 82.2 35.63 4.49 392.03 272.9 4.82 41.1 165.03 2.0 1.47 106.51 130.65 47.52 0.4 0.67 924.42 237.85 808.85 377.25 905.96 81.78 1854.57 361.66 143.72 7.8 - - 0.2 0.91 30.07 25.92 17.88 375.24 26.04 21.17 812.99 -1.46 112.52 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 11.6 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 462.1 - - - 3.42 162.33 OECD AMERICAS 11.85 -4.3 52.11 0.08 0.44 178.0 0.26 1.25 5.12 1.65 0.19 0.54 395.6 0.52 243.5 0.2 - - - - - - - - - Comm.55 1.00 0.38 369.43 0.17 6.33 18.31 2.91 1.96 3.73 -1.09 0.82 -2.12 1782.07 74.22 -2.53 543.0 66.1 2.81 462.72 0.01 0.0 -2.01 0.70 43.80 20.56 166.48 562.14 1.3 0.4 -1.05 955.27 2.08 - - - - 0.15 386.93 701.14 87.43 1.2 4.3 0.95 224.60 1.21 83.66 206.08 -0.72 0.05 24.61 78.78 945.49 360.76 38.81 67.01 - 10.04 38.75 1.94 1539.71 -4.98 6.84 16.4 0.81 648.04 0.09 82.10 1.52 -2.16 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .2 0.32 -1.3 55.50 86.64 11.6 1.4 -1.7 398.35 429.64 -1.50 1.00 386.53 91.6 90.09 42.30 128.00 0.05 - - - - - - - 444.38 18.86 2. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.71 421.3 195.31 19.36 46.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .1 0.41 55. 1.05 - 10.24 2.67 7.05 0.2 795.4 4.23 658.9 - - 0.79 6.13 0. .87 146.22 35.11 0.59 84.11 494.34 0.44 50.26 682.05 675.18 389.33 23.90 2. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 1492.95 18.2 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.46 - - 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.7 -3.48 1.84 41.0 3.21 - 11.24 46.19 137.92 1.05 236.1 - - 0.2 1.02 0.97 108.12 0.30 4.1 - - - 0.24 1833.09 7.01 0.4 66.13 1.62 1547.36 59.43 41.28 31.52 17.28 22.2 41.7 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 455.14 689.40 359.00 0.11 - - - - 0.IV.88 1.10 1.29 134.24 0.09 102.22 0.85 54.46 62.32 20.65 33.4 65.14 19.89 35.50 655.62 1.54 344.02 1.96 182.65 95.

8 - - - - - - - - - 98.04 32.26 171.47 0.22 1.47 70.88 142. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.00 322.0 -1.42 0.74 13.27 1.36 1.13 0.34 1.52 1.2 1.59 0.31 21.39 118.68 157. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 273.2 - Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 18.0 0.4 -4.08 - 323.04 16.87 55.65 3.03 1. This includes use of products such as white spirit.76 129.04 0.4 -22.23 25.0 2.42 20.74 8.34 5.4 2. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products. .2 15.49 0.5 0.61 87.31 0.39 21. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.15 0.IV.39 43.18 1.00 21.00 - 20.47 0.02 137.70 1.85 0.00 21.30 1.35 114.69 57.22 0.3 -1.9 0.7 -2.01 19.33 0.00 21.45 0.02 - 257.54 0.04 - -0.9 26.1 - 1.59 144.27 0.41 17.35 0.26 2.33 0.52 0.00 118.51 0.50 0.01 20.02 0.4 4.95 0.91 13.8 -1.5 6.03 16.52 0.50 0.59 125.00 317.77 166.87 0.00 24.0 - 0.59 - 18.91 0. lubricants and bitumen.23 - 317.47 4.59 1.13 - 257.46 1.72 126. paraffin waxes.76 17. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.4 3.91 13.03 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 11.63 0.30 119.06 185.7 -4.01 1.82 22.55 0.1 0.22 1.37 1.06 20.01 31. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.42 8. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.72 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .44 0.4 0.85 22.04 18.39 0.76 0.46 0.55 - 0.1 28.04 13.00 1.53 0.85 9.92 0.56 0.34 .01 32.9 -10.00 22.8 - Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 17.01 19.04 1.39 7.05 0.05 13.84 134.59 38.28 0.80 7.90 92.7 -0.65 119.88 130.

99 38.34 38.85 382. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.75 32.20 22.33 185.92 77.99 74.46 0.85 62.13 1105.97 102.78 137.49 2.90 6.68 282.43 1098.55 Chem.43 126.60 34.49 24.28 292.79 34.84 2.89 21.04 0.58 38.45 2.37 11.90 392.59 12.95 84.28 Non-ferrous metals Construction Total industry (TWh) Iron and steel 124.40 99.96 66.25 30.03 0.26 Paper.64 11.53 93.63 3.51 31.00 5.42 275.59 8.02 78.16 3.29 23.49 393.45 51.73 35.96 83.15 13.03 1470.38 20.86 8.96 2.41 4. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction 9.66 35.27 49.98 25.46 Transport equipment 30.04 11.66 2.30 27.75 7.48 176.98 146.67 30.02 155.78 1854. 2012 12.69 13.50 66.85 35.49 360.15 24.64 25.04 88.96 Mining and quarrying 34.23 33.35 OECD AMERICAS TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1492.51 8.73 455.65 37.36 3.55 4.31 7.71 7.14 4.84 8.74 7.96 Chem.40 3.95 - 1.36 7.29 15.03 0.37 Mining and quarrying 5.25 143.12 61.81 34.05 79. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.53 1922.74 76.49 24.71 421.02 9.98 24.30 47.75 131.65 12.72 4.30 11.19 Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 106.07 5.66 295.01 3.89 17.30 Chem.86 3.36 Non specified/other 9.98 28.14 13.45 Food and tobacco 41.43 139.74 28.87 38.86 165.17 78.83 10.28 49.95 43.24 1833.21 4.21 3.24 10.60 247.03 Wood and wood products 19.89 Non-metallic minerals 8.49 28.98 21.28 Wood and wood products 1.49 16.92 79.09 28.55 36. pulp and printing 76.27 18.14 75.80 9.07 2.46 5.18 2.50 114.01 39.95 48.43 369.16 9.87 201.32 Food and tobacco 3.32 119. pulp and printing 6.93 20.93 33.31 15.47 2.73 81.06 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.73 10.85 16.09 71.09 102.43 4.73 9.03 11.05 34.90 14.61 78.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .19 42.63 12.95 15.40 0.96 20.00 3.42 13. and petrochemical 24.69 1196.54 116.23 4.41 153.35 13.55 30.48 10.13 19. and petrochemical 12.37 7.27 40.51 Non-ferrous metals 12.31 15.21 5.25 Transport equipment 2.55 6.61 7.92 109.85 29.70 21.92 33.07 3.22 10.99 774.08 5.97 135.27 28.63 1268.22 46.98 165.29 4.08 4.09 28.01 18.01 113.54 12.02 29.84 - - 0.43 9.43 60.97 15.59 9.94 1539.67 6.26 32.41 178.47 109.50 30.40 359.36 232.03 3.69 64.84 3.81 149.72 9.17 270.30 0.98 94.82 391.65 1.94 166.18 389.38 Iron and steel 50.IV.29 2.88 1240.85 67.19 5.47 82.94 113.42 Machinery 51.12 106.64 96.51 918.44 87.58 33.62 1547.95 72.28 85.69 25.12 1782.88 47.91 27.17 113.63 10.42 11.36 5.96 Non-metallic minerals 31. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .24 9.54 6.49 34.08 12. and petrochemical 149.26 23.90 40.99 Machinery 4.30 3.88 375.05 3.02 84.14 2.14 7.12 98.43 249.72 3.39 - - 0.22 7.36 10.41 14.57 20.22 19.04 0.83 2.07 73.94 97.54 344.03 272.52 70.48 0.46 Mining and quarrying 3.35 Non-metallic minerals 2.02 3.62 1.35 6.14 2.02 6.72 8.38 17.50 48.78 95.18 8.14 3.41 105.13 116.66 206.28 5.05 Textile and leather 3.07 21.62 7.87 13.81 462.60 92.97 37.47 89.96 25.72 1876.30 Transport equipment 5.24 123.47 0.92 Food and tobacco Paper.78 13.77 8.79 29.49 282.54 2.49 2.65 95.51 39.77 6.43 Paper.17 6.72 Machinery 5.03 10.04 0.73 12.37 90.24 Non-ferrous metals Textile and leather Non specified/other Electricity consumption (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) Iron and steel 10.30 27.

IV.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 13. 2012 Total from OECD .Y. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 958 © OECD/IEA. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - 1190 1628 1154 1348 Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.36 .R. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 19414 33739 40863 55346 66193 72681 82388 72048 65124 19414 33739 40863 55346 65003 71053 81234 70700 64166 Imports from: Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada 16848 30181 20555 44503 48515 50118 55732 51109 43763 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - 1951 2257 1278 1287 1082 1320 Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - United States 2566 3558 18357 8586 77 16411 19657 24215 18509 19083 Total from non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F.

2012 Total to OECD . 24 125 227 251 238 999 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 18856 33645 40601 54534 65856 71925 80986 71169 64845 18856 33645 40601 54510 65731 71698 80735 70931 63846 Exports to: Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada 2570 3461 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - 1154 1993 Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom United States 16286 30184 19936 590 20075 7992 - 12685 - 45364 19559 584 - 51053 23499 699 - 51555 17490 648 - 56537 18482 625 - 52793 44739 Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F.37 OECD AMERICAS 14.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .IV.R.Y. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.

. .22 109.03 0. Solid / liquid / gas . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . .16 2. Other ..47 18. Combined cycle . ... . .... ..65 485... . . ... . . .03 2..97 Tide.04 0.14 1188. fuel cells) - - - 0. . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. .. .... .87 184.......37 Solar - - - 0.38 0. . Peak load .39 27.. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. .83 526... .... . . . wave. Natural gas . Liquid / natural gas . .25 770...08 1. . Gas turbine .. Available capacity ....06 22.02 0.. Internal combustion . . ....... . .05 - 0.... . .. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 480..55 185..17 3. .26 832. .04 22.. .. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. ..70 22. .. .33 817. . ..61 187.02 Wind - - - 0. .13 37. .. .43 0. . . .. .02 0. .. ..g..20 Hydro 35.71 0.. ..13 714.55 545. ...03 0. .. . ..02 0... .56 19. .33 62.28 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear 34. ... ......02 0..19 of which: pumped storage Geothermal Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products .65 3. Type of generation Steam .. . . ...84 114..57 0..31 2.03 115... .90 124.36 113.35 3.... . .. ..37 845. . .. .. .. ..19 21. Biofuels & waste . . .68 825.86 43.. .34 Other (e.36 169. .....27 156. .. . . . . . .38 186. . . ..90 1204.17 - - 0. . .. . .02 0....95 1146... .29 854.. . ... . .. .69 853.. . .94 1164.02 0.03 409. . .19 3.. .34 22. .50 3. ... .. ..47 115.84 117.01 0..IV.15 563. Solid / natural gas . . . .. ..53 0. .98 115..38 .. ........ . . .. ..78 168.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD AMERICAS 15.. ocean - - 0... .. . . ... ... . . Liquid fuels .

.. .03 43.37 2.98 4..10 1... . . . Biofuels & waste . .. Solid / natural gas . ..29 68.. .. . ... . .. . ....22 - - - - - Solar - - 0. . . . .44 0. .50 Other (e. . .. .. Solid / liquid / gas .80 51.. .42 10.98 11..89 7. Gas turbine .. ..54 39... wave.. . .g.41 0. .. . . . .... ...97 191.. . .73 0. ..... ..37 0. ...... . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. . ..91 1. fuel cells) - - - - - 0... .. ... .51 5. .. ..81 40..78 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products . .. ... .34 47. Available capacity .43 6.. . ..51 80.61 5... ... .06 1. Combined cycle . . .. ..74 of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - 1.02 - - - - - - 4... . ... .. .... ..02 0.40 0. .93 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - 0. . .. ... ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 1.02 0... .. . .... .. ..19 0. Liquid fuels . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . .IV. Natural gas ..... Other . .. ....39 0.. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 7.. . . . ..54 Tide.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .96 1.34 0.. .10 52.07 5.. .. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.39 OECD AMERICAS 15.. . ... .. .. . . . .... ..24 46. . . . .. ... . ... .32 39.. .72 5.49 2. Peak load .. .31 203. Type of generation Steam .02 0. . .. ... . .. .... . ..75 5... . . . .... Internal combustion . . .79 42.. . .. Liquid / natural gas .04 48.... . . . . .. . .. ....

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

5 1. (8. Electricity indicators Figure 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Electricity consumption by sector 2010 1971 0. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1. serv. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. Total final consumption by fuel 2500 700 600 2000 1500 400 TWh Mtoe 500 300 1000 200 500 100 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 350 600 300 500 250 400 200 1971=100 1 700 300 Other 1.IV.5 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec./population CO2/elec./pub.1%) Industry (65.&heat Figure 5./TFC Elec.41 OECD ASIA OCEANIA Figure 2.2%) 504 TWh Transport (1.7%) Residential (26.4 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA./cons. 2012 TWh 1976 Production/Consumption Product 0 .4%) Other (1.8%) Industry (38./GDP Prod. (32.1%) Commerce / public serv.75 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.6%) Transport (2. 1996 2001 2006 2011 Figure 4.5%) 1740.25 1 150 200 100 100 50 0. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.7%) 2010 Other (1.9%) Residential (21.

24 912.2 1.40 16.0 .70 877.98 850.14 159.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.2 -0.39 1907.86 2. 0. 0. .2 85 87 86 100 100 103 .82 210.62 1.88 1. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 414.13 -1.5 - 0. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.2 Nuclear 2.18 4.16 1.54 866.2 TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(2) TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.7 -0.6 1.50 11.13 -0.44 11. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 0.37 347.16 0.46 238.6 4.98 850.TFC/population(4) Elec.85 3.77 6756..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 1.24 210.6 1.12 343.69 5804.33 4.13 0.59 11.14 6.05 16.65 21.5 2.1 Geothermal Solar.67 3.55 226.36 9.41 113.42 .g.35 4. (3) Ele. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.2 -0.2 Natural gas 8.44 13.57 106.5 2363. (2) In units of toe/per capita.2 .2 0.22 3.63 2992.75 472.58 6490.34 -0.01 2.10 0.53 22.14 642.71 302. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .14 0.23 5. tide(1) 1. ocean and other (e.89 177.07 10.70 877.IV.5 -0.33 1629.04 0.79 3.12 0.5 89.1 3.9 Biofuels & waste 3.82 0.50 112.49 6.0 0.03 191.84 65.6 1. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 414.84 101.29 17.00 1148.33 -0.05 5.7 2.54 866.TFC = electricity total final consumption.1 -0. (2) Net Imports = total imports .28 354.86 2.32 355.5 162.60 2.37 210. fuel cells).55 2.00 -0. 2.88 1952.24 912.15 0.6 TPES (Mtoe) Coal Oil (1) Includes wave.4 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.78 29.04 -0.18 - 7.94 248.36 13..75 472.14 0.67 6.14 642.6 Hydro Net electricity imports (2) 8.30 4743. Energy consumption. 571. wind.59 2.53 4.40 - 3.43 66.5 300. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.01 -0.03 6787.05 5.18 0.87 740.2 2. 3095 3705 5320 7144 7747 8258 .8 0.74 405.70 203.13 10.0 128 115 99 107 97 98 94 -1..32 111.. 3.62 194.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.62 4.28 1837.30 1.12 4.0 11.99 146.38 140.78 65.88 10.05 4.04 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.85 12.02 1.30 180.6 2.

.0 4..6 340.9 11.0 1863.2 431.9 99..4 1.9 6.7 23..6 -1.7 21.8 432.1 1.1 Gross production Nuclear Hydro of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Other (e..2 1059.8 34.5 436.2 13.4 23. - - - - - - . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.7 11.5 1. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 577.5 1628.7 1019.6 -0. 504. 510.1 9. losses .6 1640.9 2.5 -0.43 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 3.0 740.1 0.8 407.5 626.4 1499. - 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .2 7.8 613.7 3.1 0..0 26.6 1155.4 1847.0 466. fuel cells) . Hydro . Nuclear .1 0.6 3.4 331.4 69.2 744.8 17.5 4..1 1367.4 .9 .9 366..3 1092.0 113.1 16.0 655.8 16.5 83.9 1274.IV.2 82.5 0.3 0.6 1452.5 414.4 .8 29..0 161.5 124.6 11.1 .8 134.8 11.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .5 427. 2..6 475.6 1159.8 79.7 25.2 412.5 1.1 1.7 86.1 0.9 1774.6 267. 6..8 88.9 529.0 31.8 196.0 1882.0 1730.2 .g...7 1919.2 25.4 9. - 0.6 + Imports - - - - - - - - .0 25.1 0.9 244.1 0.9 .7 756. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..1 13. . -0.8 572.7 .3 4.1 1740.9 1308.2 142.3 4.4 1605.5 1106.4 589.8 Solar - - 0.7 132.6 1034.3 705.1 57.6 11.. Geothermal .2 1571.6 - - 0.. serv.5 127.7 1963. .4 0. electric boilers and pumped storage.7 .3 7.1 1661.0 0. 109. Sector non specified 2. 43..6 33.2 0. Solar .4 1.8 1629.8 364.3 521.7 186.5 5.6 129.2 663.8 306.1 . excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.Own use by power plant Net production - - - 0.. Commercial & publ.7 546. - - 0. Electrical energy supplied .0 0..8 1809.9 87. ocean - - - - - - - 0.Used for electric boilers - - 0. ocean .4 .5 5.7 431..0 139.3 416.4 .1 1009.8 251. Tide.3 11..7 20.4 13.4 13.0 0.1 713.0 -0.2 1215.3 11.4 17.5 665.1 1.g. wave.8 140.5 19.0 451. Wind .7 121.4 9.9 1748.6 311.5 15.8 676..3 143.2 1765.9 14.0 263.7 173.2 3.7 .8 .5 9. .1 255.0 420.3 719..9 1711.5 8.3 3.9 3..7 1213.8 87.Transmission & distr.. 126.Used for pumped storage 5.2 49.1 12.8 8.4 255.8 9.8 4.2 550.4 . traction and lighting purposes.. Other (e.4 .5 0..9 6. Combustible fuels .5 1.6 15.3 1551.7 81.5 11.9 .3 3.1 28.8 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 3..1 1.9 .0 548.6 7.9 5.3 394.7 7.8 40. 0.Statistical difference Total consumption .5 4.5 2.3 4. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers. .2 470..1 133. 556.1 3.1 1.1 126.1 0.9 7.Exports 0.1 713.8 79.7 26.6 280.1 0.3 6.6 5. fuel cells) . Industry Residential Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating. 81.4 7. Transport 14.6 130.2 429.0 78.6 123.7 ..7 455. 1.2 1472.6 .6 Tide.3 .1 13.2 559.5 89.9 40.7 13.3 1.9 5.6 792. wave.4 139.Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption 504.

66 667. (2) Includes wave.74 63.g.11 0.77 63.39 4.74 73.1 -0.30 1483. fuel cells.52 9.40 740.21 69.18 105.3 68.4 0.60 15.01 1050.82 22.34 12.26 11.22 75.44 .07 0.60 9.00 6.31 0.19 4.4 280. from chemical heat).1 -5.00 98.89 7.61 6.29 430.34 30.09 3. 21.30 409.5 18.34 43.51 4.99 122.10 1685.64 7.0 4.14 125.80 6.37 11.IV.01 408.83 4.93 162.64 20.2 571.75 19.76 7.89 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .22 7.89 20.5 2.89 47.60 1640.53 0.14 4.6 19.77 671.18 671.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 4.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.3 3.27 236.57 5.87 0.33 1629.27 492.70 85.51 652. tide(2) Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste - - - 0.17 7.25 0.62 18.56 2.9 3.02 8.61 0.71 1779.21 163.31 16.00 184.31 6.97 19.9 4.49 7.7 2.00 98.39 - 27.64 7.83 107.91 235.26 11.49 254.00 184.71 7.71 1963.21 163.75 -1.40 1675. wind.94 -0.76 453.67 11.8 4.64 1155.70 3.07 1699.03 1847.58 0.81 1873.09 7.3 Main activity producers Gross production .30 6.25 0.2 Oil 49.71 44. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.29 157.57 89.83 17.26 267.52 0.58 1.28 1863.14 7.74 73.70 9.40 44.71 - - - - - 6.50 45. wind.7 2.09 20.2 9.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants. ocean and other sources (e.63 106. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 573.29 157.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 2. tide(2) Natural gas (1) Electricity generated = gross production .71 56.51 4.2 Autoproducers Gross production .7 .0 4.93 162.14 399.3 3.5 2.70 4.51 8.82 115.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - 0.7 505.83 11.01 645. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.82 111.42 294.6 0.22 - -1.09 427.2 - - - - - - - - - 68.7 105.13 12.4 Hydro Geothermal Solar.8 1.19 - - 76.88 1767.9 2.65 1057.60 106.58 8.31 6.91 744.03 0.39 2.3 - - 0.1 Coal 12.8 - - 0.6 13.16 14.08 193.04 1472.59 1709.3 2.61 2.31 60.27 0.52 9.69 69.34 1837.01 7.56 2.88 1952.56 6.2 502.00 1148.83 11.52 436.9 Biofuels & waste 0.3 5.91 124.6 2.70 9.9 2.30 6.1 0. .

3 1.0 21.3 0.8 4.8 3.6 8.IV.0 - 138033 43396 29188 6458 13026 3947 2051 925 23683 498 2103 12758 136707 40005 29729 6391 13161 3672 1981 1085 22600 521 1908 15654 158166 43278 33054 6430 13145 3595 1816 1124 22177 509 1897 31141 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.0 3. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .45 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 5.5 0.1 1.7 14. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) Total 1974 1980 58730 61448 - - 5113 1 831 4281 - 11682 1 1252 10429 - 58223 970 240 1953 246 6 2228 287 473 25 51795 58171 11969 17419 8604 2155 2 9 3200 769 11061 21 30 2932 91430 21717 28214 2648 8889 2006 36 80 17111 390 10339 142715 39140 39935 6240 12557 4389 1991 538 26816 583 2328 8198 - - 1 1 1 1 Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.2 21583 916 20667 - 20880 924 19956 - 20965 902 20063 - 7.5 2.3 5.8 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.4 8.7 - - - - 1964 e 510 e 1454 e 2983 700 32 2251 e 3551 769 2782 e 4571 781 3790 e 7. .8 4. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 507 e 507 e 3277 e 3277 e 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 97569 e 156362 e 162599 e 161138 e 183702 e 1025 e 317 e 708 e e e e e e e e e e Average annual percent change 1990-2010 3.

.. ... comb... ... .. .. - - - - - . . 3399 3500 3560 3828 4122 .. - - - - .... Coal . 67244 101556 67584 53443 50676 . . fuels . .. . 24. .. . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . .. Coal .. 50402 63458 68383 76702 75936 . ...... of which: Main activity producers Total 9713 10733 70990 90264 85857 93975 ...... 1610 2449 4329 5144 7501 . Non-spec.... Chemical processes .. . . Total Oil .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Oil . .. Biofuels & waste ... - - - - .. . . comb.. 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties...... 8765 13706 20345 25184 19685 . .. . . ... - - - - ... . - - - - ... . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. - - - - . .. .. .. Geothermal .. . - - - - . Electric boilers Other sources(1) .IV. - - - - .. Autoproducers Non-spec. . .. 11222 16997 8496 8548 ...... Heat pumps . . Biofuels & waste . comb. . .. 1610 2449 4329 5144 . 33713 35761 51178 53342 62706 . .. . .. - - - - - . . .... .. ... 3399 3500 3560 3828 .. ..... Non-spec.. .... ... Total - 1610 94143 130166 129522 123668 . . 56 229 737 700 .. - - - - .. .. Natural gas . . Chemical processes . - - - - - .... Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 6.. 56022 84559 59088 44895 ..... 11.. fuels ...46 ... Chemical processes . 611 536 - - . . 5412 6002 6155 5597 .. . ... Heat pumps . .2 Nuclear . . . 3353 7704 14190 19587 .. - - - - . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . Biofuels & waste ... Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 9713 12343 165133 220430 215379 217643 220626 15. . .. ... - - - - . . Coal . .... Oil .. - - - - .. - - - - - .5 Nuclear . Heat pumps .... - - - - - . fuels ... . . 33102 35225 51178 53342 . Geothermal .. Geothermal .. - - - - .. Natural gas ..... . Natural gas . 50346 63229 67646 76002 .4 Nuclear .

12.39 10.1 0.7 Geothermal 1.50 11.53 166.72 11.80 4.47 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 7A..72 58.57 2. 3.43 66.80 1.79 2.4 Combustible fuels 2.55 -1.4 Natural gas .6 Coal 26.59 27.8 Non-Thermal Total Hydro 8.41 113.8 3.g.. 2012 described in the introductory information.93 119. 7B.6 - - 0.39 24.9 Coal . 17.64 73.59 2.62 240.34 86.2 Oil .94 18.68 4.07 10.60 1.18 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.42 285.0 Oil 76.37 24.53 116.07 10...2 Total .3 Natural gas 2. wave.21 5.6 Nuclear 2.15 253.2 2.28 82.62 38.84 152.47 31.02 - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.00 0.9 Biofuels & waste 0...35 149.16 30.44 11.50 112.22 69. 61.88 10.02 123. 107.29 .03 0.44 11.92 270.19 2.19 3.23 0.30 0.8 8.01 0. 5. 0.33 162.02 15.83 24.24 16.81 124.50 .1 Tide. -5.1 -0.03 0.04 23.67 62..17 58.86 .34 56.42 - 47..78 9.66 55.63 4.01 0.02 164. - 0. 0. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Thermal 3.11 112.15 75.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind Other (e.50 33.45 40.12 7.8 .69 5.86 49.84 21.03 0.32 106.22 196. .IV.50 11.76 225.99 246.62 16. 2. fuel cells) - - - 0.50 7.44 10. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 106.35 73.30 1.30 116.78 277.36 9.91 79.16 4.91 1.00 0.6 3.2 5.61 111..52 .8 of which: main activity prod.86 5.53 22.25 158..18 7.30 39.86 .3 4.86 145.83 144.4 Total Solar 2.82 0.87 17. 28.99 111.04 77.96 - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.65 0.6 -4.

5 285435 403302 646099 e 672354 696946 689613 2.48 .4 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) - - 814 3860 4790 12897 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 97 489 616 1624 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 16439 e 40934 e 58060 57583 47529 5.7 311615 280729 e 178666 e 155319 108978 e 116790 e -4. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.2 Electricity production (GWh) 529335 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 8.3 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) 919706 1870284 2582465 e 3419282 3355850 3729385 3.7 19034 33427 50609 e 53416 55339 54810 2.5 685708 1832354 4031906 e 5411331 5574659 5647667 5.5 Electricity production (GWh) - 1807 4706 6837 6843 5632 5. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 38017 80856 162941 e 229312 232754 238083 5.8 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) (2) Total combustible fuels 1022051 e * Excludes CHP plants.6 Electricity production (GWh) - 8713 10456 15645 14400 16958 3.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Petroleum products 73942 57682 e 35887 e 30863 21405 e 22291 e -4.2 Fuel input (TJ) - 78705 85269 e 130799 118399 131353 2.0 27084 32099 40774 e 33276 32517 42732 1.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 32 27 87 1405 1526 1492 22.8 379 288 942 15020 16663 15747 22.5 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - 278254 300575 359932 e 285743 278237 364243 1.8 81428 194832 443493 e 597159 602969 617535 5. 748331 1267737 1222963 1306827 2. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.6 2966255 2579531 e 1604793 e 1378452 953350 e 993717 e -4. . (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.5 89757 196697 293163 e 404191 399775 449254 4.9 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal 29798 43346 66902 e 68820 71355 70599 2.

5 - - 3396 e 154012 e 8044 59190 2659 116980 3776 84822 2234 109274 4745 63464 2287 100339 4905 49799 - 714 60 - 140503 e 13463 36767 239355 22591 54640 222869 20813 51117 278117 26473 57308 34.7 35. 1229 113 - 6143 482 - 7902 2269 37100 e 129059 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.7 1.1 32.4 30.0 5.6 - 33742 e 1110 - 28472 e 1163 e - 80654 3604 422 77346 3110 1333 61410 2997 1077 3. 2012 9. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.0 4.7 23.1 3.9 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 724 e 60 e 272 30 e - Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 2876 280 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - 344 e 36 e - Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 370 e CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.8 4.1 - - - 25 1 9 - 9375 157 4429 7391 186 2516 7125 207 2295 - 1833 126 369 1036 94 - 2277 207 515 3.49 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 28 585 52 - 1957 53971 2072 33102 6005 127109 8019 41616 6680 141018 8323 50690 7385 159296 10016 53342 32.1 - 55221 186687 51108 169608 60538 164345 10.IV. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .1 - Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 1249 12396 548 2269 13 185 17 - 1413 14615 1295 - 1465 15148 1341 - 1450 14994 1329 - 0.5 - - - - - - - - 87437 6019 - 101235 11823 - 124818 15653 389 104427 12496 488 123888 14403 - 1. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.

3 Heat production (TJ) - 1279 5259 5725 6083 5059 7. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 38 32 27 22 - - - Fuel input (TJ) 960 803 690 540 - - - Heat production (TJ) 637 541 611 500 - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products 40 57 213 69 124 115 3.4 Heat production (TJ) 1201 1729 8054 2471 4120 3644 3.0 Fuel input (TJ) - - 3353 e 8245 10341 14149 - Heat production (TJ) - - 3353 e 8245 10341 14149 - Fuel input (TJ) - 1946 6098 6345 6885 5459 5.6 Fuel input (TJ) 1816 2512 9609 2819 5163 4860 3.8 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) 2946 6169 15750 19539 20049 23273 6.2 Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.1 Heat production (TJ) 4270 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 10. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9 Heat production (TJ) 1949 4054 13635 16986 e 17266 e 19394 e 8.IV. 7657 31065 e 33996 e 37882 e 44326 e 9. .50 .7 Heat production (TJ) - 54 153 69 72 2080 20. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.1 Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - 80 173 74 77 2081 17.

15 0.7 5. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.83 5.02 149.92 140.4 43.10 0.98 4.19 0.99 304.2 1.25 9.74 26.18 306.95 33.4 -1.29 20.17 0.50 3.58 - 12.89 3.7 - - - 2.13 4.00 0.26 7.4 - - - - 0.14 3.58 0.26 112.71 0.05 2.58 39.53 1.10 0.7 3.49 52.61 21.16 563.1 72.12 -6.15 92.20 3.15 - 1.5 2.42 86.05 0.00 20.46 0.95 7.66 40.12 0.9 0.0 1.21 2.70 2.98 2.3 17.0 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.63 122.07 0.83 20.28 79.76 52.68 337.87 2.0 1.29 4.1 -3.02 21.45 21.26 265.03 0.46 566.86 42.14 49.60 138.38 23.56 16.91 12.8 - 0. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat - - - - 0.12 1.3 - - 0.42 48.72 1.11 1.76 6.84 77.86 1.74 1.17 5.13 0.12 140.14 0.22 4.38 438.85 11.30 144.8 2.5 - - 0.41 38.53 144.38 48.27 59.34 - - Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 59.8 1.94 41.64 27.09 0.75 35.63 0.1 2.05 0.45 37.41 139.17 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries . & public serv.3 - - - - - - - - - 22.8 -0.47 94.45 - 16.33 142.06 94.77 144.10 34.10 39.41 0.68 9.79 3.91 142.09 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.46 0.7 4.84 13.72 -1.03 0.00 - - 24.75 146.59 1.01 53.82 110.6 36.68 37.62 1.61 0.37 9.03 - -1.31 0.9 -2.62 1.03 0.03 0.2 2.8 5.42 1.58 - - 1.79 11.7 0.34 26.13 0.01 0.49 302.5 - - 0.23 0.51 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 11.15 0.68 4.17 2.25 0.11 30.79 22.45 0.2 8.0 28.85 69.1 4.39 87.26 17.30 1.12 2.39 11.53 321.82 10.99 2.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.62 209.09 1.12 7.10 0.59 0.42 40.74 64.6 Comm.2 17.90 40.61 147.70 1.2 - 0.02 1.32 49.9 1.8 211.41 23.60 167.42 64.24 584.0 0.71 569.88 50.7 0.20 - 4.6 57.70 22.07 0.39 0. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 300.2 - - 0.18 48.02 163.3 0.46 - 3.68 151.81 - 0.49 2.17 0.2 7.62 158. .6 3.32 1.68 124.4 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 129.0 1.11 0.86 4.10 9.56 7.23 9.69 50.20 0.7 1.03 0.1 - 0.70 0.03 6.98 39.40 51.43 35.34 56.94 7.1 2.67 57.26 11.01 0.76 6.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .21 1.49 0.80 0.1 1.02 0.50 2. 0.50 33.18 2.00 0.98 5.26 33.IV.7 0.

01 1.17 10.60 0.01 0.59 -9.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 11.6 -10.52 1.73 0.05 0.78 2.04 1.12 1.6 -10.42 79.36 - 9.58 37.50 80.44 0.0 -2.01 1.32 - 10.63 36.95 0.10 0.45 0.02 85.52 .01 0.12 3.10 0.62 0.25 - 5.3 3.06 1. paraffin waxes.70 17. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Non-energy use(1) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 33.7 - - - - - - - - - 41.24 10. lubricants and bitumen.94 0.74 3.01 1.01 9.47 1.04 0.70 13.02 7.61 21. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.5 4.15 0.04 7.29 9.67 0.64 0.07 9.04 0.07 17.7 4.92 2.01 0.9 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.44 0.02 0.28 0.4 1. .07 35.57 84.00 0.5 5.04 7.09 - 9.01 1.61 0.12 0.08 20.11 2.62 9.6 -1.10 0.01 1.54 20.24 46.94 0.7 8.2 5.84 1.79 3.88 - 60.02 0.63 0.69 0.19 3.01 10.33 - 9.10 0.07 0.1 - 1.92 17.44 - 5.67 0.43 3.0 -1.1 2.74 3.85 16.14 0.03 76.1 5.78 0.79 11.4 - 10. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.71 1.38 - 42.05 1. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.00 9.09 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .19 3.57 39.58 74.79 1.07 84.5 5.02 11. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.94 0.0 -1.36 1.5 3.86 1.9 22.93 1.0 11.08 1.5 4.5 4.48 3.04 1.50 0.49 0.11 21.36 10.37 3.60 3.4 - -0. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.39 0.IV.57 2.1 3. This includes use of products such as white spirit.01 0.42 22.10 80.61 - 11.86 0.26 4.15 0.57 8.1 0.16 1.09 0.50 0.13 31.1 -0.51 3.7 1.33 1.87 18.

71 11.86 5.77 2.36 0.19 14.65 12.55 1.55 2.91 21.05 8.45 9.23 22.83 17.87 1.40 10.19 3.19 17.49 9.98 26.09 15.51 158.27 2.62 8.67 3.21 1.28 0.83 11.05 Food and tobacco 6.30 3.78 613.51 18.83 2.56 1.06 29.22 17.27 2.83 1.20 0.16 69.13 0.79 11.09 9.21 Food and tobacco 0.08 1.63 12.91 18.26 1.78 Construction 3.49 52.08 34.18 0.53 OECD ASIA OCEANIA TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 300.35 Paper.04 1.29 94.78 36.30 0.78 5.95 1.06 11.91 105.46 6.82 9.59 5.67 2.38 Mining and quarrying 0.67 119.55 14.75 9.57 11.20 91.68 54.64 Non-metallic minerals 12.28 11.15 1.04 2. and petrochemical 15.02 45.81 2.28 4.29 106.97 34.20 28.66 4.77 30.03 2.05 30.81 12.46 3. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.85 4.00 56.57 13.90 2.34 10.68 86.53 1.65 33.52 Mining and quarrying 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.52 113.94 2.90 40.06 Wood and wood products 0.97 40.28 49.12 140.34 16. pulp and printing 1.81 1.84 Non-ferrous metals 2.00 Paper.21 29.82 Non specified/other 36.01 0.06 5.30 1.52 655.05 85.19 1.88 0.15 12.21 43.40 14.44 17.48 3.67 14.92 614.19 0.18 28.01 16.89 29.IV.06 14.20 Transport equipment 10.78 105.58 4.91 38.22 26.97 Non-metallic minerals 1.63 122.64 Non-ferrous metals 4.54 20. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .82 15.19 12.60 167.34 56.93 Food and tobacco 4.21 66.88 9.42 6.36 40.30 51.38 136.15 67.93 589.55 12.10 3.27 0.82 1.88 50.90 13.76 56.26 27.18 0.05 Iron and steel 6.61 34.90 2.22 1.07 Chem.60 13.76 46.89 1.88 2.16 4.89 2.56 5.48 16.06 1.18 3.44 5.46 11.82 3.35 Iron and steel 75.24 584.01 4.45 Textile and leather 5.07 1.41 20.67 Wood and wood products 0.75 146.11 12.09 569.17 0.99 9.68 151.43 3.45 13.16 131.35 5.62 Machinery 9.26 8.12 5.13 8.04 19.22 39.42 2.78 5.10 7.52 15.51 11.27 0.51 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 43.16 Textile and leather 0.68 Total industry (Mtoe) 28. 2012 12.00 14.27 98.14 1.97 28.45 0. pulp and printing 6.10 2.50 4.58 47. and petrochemical 53.47 9.51 1.43 138.68 12.89 111.92 98.22 67.36 Construction 0.67 2.39 Non-metallic minerals 15.51 1.41 52.09 10.16 563.21 1.87 4.50 33.91 145.68 1.38 438.35 394.54 9.82 1.91 Mining and quarrying 0.11 32.68 124.24 17.06 0.08 59.71 12.20 2.70 1.23 Wood and wood products 1.75 1.01 0.31 24.14 0.87 125.90 2.59 Machinery 0.39 87.55 Chem.76 1.12 129.48 32.76 2.14 1.46 63.37 6.21 663.95 16.17 9.87 163.43 21.58 2.04 6.89 27.53 321.88 Textile and leather 8.26 2.25 Chem.26 20. pulp and printing Non specified/other 99.37 7.55 5.71 7.69 33.39 1.10 1.08 0.14 2.20 470.20 99.10 3.21 0.56 10.23 14.76 4.02 33.90 2.69 33.69 77.49 52.46 Transport equipment 0.06 10.50 3.48 47.10 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.21 126.49 9.06 14.36 5.37 5.16 4. and petrochemical 4.02 149.98 26.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .77 Machinery 0.20 13.02 Iron and steel 38.53 71.22 Non specified/other 8.67 57.42 6.12 Total industry (TWh) 331.19 0.45 7.29 Transport equipment 0.19 1.96 2.31 2.49 23.21 Construction 0.31 1.80 9.40 Non-ferrous metals 28.28 0.32 2.73 6.69 4.29 142.47 0.34 4.89 3.12 14.46 566.87 4.31 16.50 Paper.34 3.40 11.71 590.79 36.79 32.84 2.62 167.86 76.

R. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 - - 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 456 914 1457 2081 3666 3783 3966 Total to OECD - - - - - - - - - Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - - - - - - - - Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - - - - - - United States - - - - - - - - - Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. - 456 914 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - 1457 2081 3666 3783 3966 Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.54 . 2012 Exports to: .Y. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 14.

..86 Other (e.07 1.40 30. .. .98 63.86 66.. . Peak load .18 65. . Other . ..08 1. .33 159... .. ..04 80. . . .. .56 31..35 251.97 104. .76 0. .99 236.96 2..81 141.. ..42 0.. . . ... . Combined cycle .. ..80 67. . .51 31.....83 Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products .. .32 225. . . .. . fuel cells) - - - - - - - 0..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . ... ... .... .. ... Liquid / natural gas . . .55 Tide. . . . .23 Solar - - - - - 0... . . . . . ..40 66. .05 65.64 245.. ..81 58...... .. . .50 0.... Gas turbine . . Type of generation Steam . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 116. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0.72 51.50 18. .44 179.28 38. . .. .. .91 0. ...59 250... .. ... .77 1..88 30..... ......... . .. . . ... .. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. . ... .85 30. Liquid fuels .41 214. .. . ....13 1. .. .. Biofuels & waste . .....64 387...... .. ..89 15... ..... . . .18 0. . . .94 1.68 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear Hydro of which: pumped storage Geothermal 3. .. .. .. . . . .IV.88 30...59 380. . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.... .02 386... Available capacity .73 0... Solid / liquid / gas .68 - 11.g. .02 0.30 0. ....73 59..95 337.15 288. .. .. Natural gas . Internal combustion ..48 49.. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .56 2.. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.. ..04 66. .. . .55 OECD ASIA OCEANIA 15.00 62.. .. . . . . .02 0. wave.. . ..16 372.27 0. . .. .. Solid / natural gas .83 27.. . . . .. .95 24.65 66. .. ..

... Other .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD ASIA OCEANIA 15.18 0..99 2.17 0.. ..05 0.16 55..68 49. . .98 Tide. . .56 .. Solid / natural gas .. .. . . . . .. ..37 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - 0.... . ... ... .04 0. ... ..36 2. . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.... . . . . . .. ...62 27. ..04 0. . ... . Type of generation Steam . . .62 68....82 Nuclear 0..05 2. . Peak load ..81 54.91 Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products .38 1. . .46 55.47 1.. Internal combustion .29 2. wave.. . . .09 1. .04 0.... . .. .. Liquid / natural gas .66 13. . ..21 Other (e.. . .04 26. .. .43 1. . . ... . . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .17 0...06 0.37 1. . . ..86 3... ... ... . .. .. . . . . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage..74 14. ..48 1.02 0. .. . . . . .... . ... .04 Solar - - - 0. .. . ..IV.11 1... .. .. . ..34 22. .14 38. .. Combined cycle . . . .. ......41 4.53 1.. .30 10.. . .79 40.. Solid / liquid / gas .. .02 21.. Available capacity .. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics..03 0.24 57.77 49... .. Liquid fuels ..... ....g. ... . fuel cells) - - - - - 0. . . . ..... . .08 49. Natural gas ... .. . .07 1. .. ... . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 11. .87 1.01 0. . .. . ..17 - - - - Hydro 1...05 0..02 0.. .. ....04 0. ... ... ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0. Biofuels & waste ...... ... . Gas turbine ...08 0...

(15.3 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 2012 TWh 1000 Production/Consumption Product 1200 .1%) Commerce / public serv.9%) Residential (25.1%) Industry (37. (29.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.1%) Other (2.0%) Transport (2.&heat Figure 5./GDP Prod.9%) 1342. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.25 800 1971=100 1 600 150 1 100 400 0.75 50 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.2 TWh Residential (29./cons.57 OECD EUROPE Figure 2. Electricity consumption by sector 250 1400 1.1%) Commerce / public serv.5 200 1. serv. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 2010 Other (2./population CO2/elec.4%) Transport (2.3%) 3107. Electricity indicators Figure 3. Total final consumption by fuel 1400 4000 1200 3500 3000 2500 800 TWh Mtoe 1000 600 2000 1500 400 1000 200 500 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 1986 Coal Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4./pub.IV./TFC Elec. 1996 2001 2006 2010 0.2%) Industry (54.

1 22. wind.9 0.47 1746. 2.38 47.4 Coal 425.14 0.13 0. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 TPES (Mtoe) 1375.75 38.g. ocean and other (e.90 3.62 1815.53 15458.44 1494. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.62 1815.39 3551.85 230.53 0.17 244.60 464.85 3608. (2) Net Imports = total imports .5 94 101 103 100 97 99 .7 29. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 1375.49 1.77 13396.44 1494.98 1748.99 35.06 521.05 205.5 .73 206.35 3.35 8355.4 4.92 1.47 583.9 Oil 732.6 .86 649.5 156 143 121 104 92 94 89 -1..30 0.05 0.87 3224.1 -0.29 3.32 551.70 14. Energy consumption.6 0.58 17.67 14.86 604.0 0.40 12.0 1. (2) In units of toe/per capita.80 553. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.12 0.02 3.73 7.24 1619.04 437.11 259.20 21.15 3.02 1.7 TPES (Mtoe) 90-11 2.TFC = electricity total final consumption.12 0.33 70..41 688.47 15732.83 131.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.38 60.01 4.19 2048.24 3.93 1743.23 0.20 0.44 35.26 11.85 420.18 2.3 -1.5 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0.86 235.47 1746.TFC/population(4) Elec.4 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.25 47.42 605.45 238.IV. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.35 1.24 1619.79 3453.53 3.1 -1.45 0.70 549.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.78 500.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 1.35 15105.9 2.9 -5.3 Nuclear 19..7 4.20 603.2 Natural gas 134.79 300..1 0. (3) Ele.93 393.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.4 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 7052.70 116.98 1748.13 10650.25 10.11 -1.86 283.9 -1.58 .37 130.5 1.0 Geothermal Solar.4 -0.68 54.6 0.07 3. fuel cells).05 0.93 11. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) (1) Includes wave.19 3.18 0.15 1. 1618. 2.45 0.0 0.46 330.01 3.82 449.5 455.5 3.52 - 17.6 0.93 1743.03 473.23 -1.29 2.39 1.92 1. 2951 3608 4462 5197 5394 5633 .3 Biofuels & waste 30.77 299. (5) Electricity generated = gross production . 0.15 0.16 0.41 463. .6 0.02 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.78 43. 0.91 2661.44 5.17 3. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.26 0.11 44.

electric boilers and pumped storage.0 74.9 1945.4 68.8 113.8 43.6 0.2 742.0 .1 46.6 3.3 856.4 223.4 242.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .3 4.8 97.2 152.1 Oil 409.0 0.8 70. 70. Geothermal .3 .9 85.2 1078.. - 0.3 4.0 2.1 54.1 1.4 154.4 115.7 282.2 355.0 2059.6 103.7 205.8 916.0 .9 3486.2 1708.4 522. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..8 5.1 73.8 967.1 .2 1946..0 150. Sector non specified 4.1 3379.0 363.6 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 120.. wave.4 7. 1248. 0.2 1029.7 48.7 1.3 71.6 0. 211.2 902.2 2808.1 1784.1 3046..8 ..9 769.5 0. Other (e.4 1399.0 1946.8 127.8 ..8 320.3 0.3 460.7 1707.8 29.8 939.0 3107.5 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.5 0. Wind .0 50. Combustible fuels .1 3640.0 0.6 0.3 310.1 ..7 92.7 349.5 .1 10.7 1841.1 887. .Used for heat pumps - - 0. 39. . fuel cells) .6 . 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.1 1.9 29.7 528.3 70.4 857.5 0.0 2.8 1944.0 0. Electrical energy supplied .9 58..9 161.1 2514.5 71.8 20. ocean Wind Combustible fuels Coal - 0.1 35.5 169.1 40.5 0..2 2990.4 219. losses .5 14.6 179.8 .6 43.5 883.2 6.6 32.1 23.0 .8 112.5 57..5 4.4 2710.g..6 3548.0 ..0 0.1 . Commercial & publ. traction and lighting purposes.7 179.5 10.8 .2 7.6 0.8 22.1 903.9 2681.2 .9 1014.3 639.8 3254. Residential 335.7 466. 417.0 19.5 .5 48.2 868.8 6.5 0.5 2.2 + Imports 68.3 570.59 OECD EUROPE 3..4 90.4 137..8 .Used for pumped storage 13.8 587.6 17.1 846.4 786.Used for electric boilers - - 0.1 1.0 4.0 767.1 6..1 1.9 306.Own use by power plant Net production 1536.8 666.1 1.5 534.5 339.2 .5 .1 -3.6 936.6 68.6 721.Exports 62.9 1890.8 1228.2 - - 0.4 43.6 6.4 986.0 814...9 767.4 3341.8 663.3 - - 0.1 1.7 0. 0.7 1.3 3290.5 280.1 5.4 913.. 2. Hydro ..1 135... Final consumption 1342.0 178.9 .1 862.6 461.1 426.5 14..6 0.7 112.7 887.7 9.5 3324.1 540. 202.3 546..8 1899.9 167.2 837.0 135.g.5 .5 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Solar Tide.9 7.4 . Solar .0 62.7 3.1 864.9 350.3 89. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.9 238.8 22.6 1603. - - 1.5 0.Statistical difference Industry Transport Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.6 1198. fuel cells) .6 1145. 23..2 31.6 1423. Other (e. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.4 230.5 7.0 0..9 202.8 3220.3 2.8 1155. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production Nuclear Hydro 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1626.1 577.5 145.4 164.7 4.8 907.8 37.4 161.3 145.0 889.6 90.5 1321.5 289.8 1.3 874.1 3099.8 47.7 2230.0 1835.3 3581.IV.2 23.6 1799. Tide.5 2.6 298.1 151.. serv. - 0.9 10.1 4.8 11.7 2528.3 6.7 11.2 1..5 511.Transmission & distr.4 5.4 .2 472.3 106.5 0. wave.9 30.6 3475.9 3093.7 52. ocean . Nuclear .4 2334.3 2962. 6.1 344.5 1004.0 10.2 577.7 .0 1.9 108. 737.Energy industry consumption(2) 1412.0 3074..6 0. .2 3444.4 1528.1 79. Total consumption .9 134.5 217..

7 Natural gas 26.4 1405.38 912.3 5. fuel cells.25 3.21 8.17 1.2 0.86 266.17 15.03 63.41 8.00 127.51 2.21 524.91 2661.54 10.01 74.85 33.30 541.17 10.34 32.96 249.03 883.05 3318.82 290. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.77 238.00 33.22 3379.3 1.76 145.57 3.91 244.9 - - 0.71 3219.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.57 -1.09 23.19 927. .5 .7 - 32.69 3.66 15.24 76.36 307.47 3.38 828.82 916.0 Oil Coal 60.6 Natural gas 124.1 (1) Electricity generated = gross production .01 50.19 31.04 15.50 -4.30 3.01 - - - - - - - - - 0.86 110.26 939.0 -4.60 27.82 56.17 10.71 91.61 686.19 408.27 1799.07 36.87 266.91 29.00 102. tide(2) 0.1 9.4 6.61 6.15 734.24 3350.37 41.50 44. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 1667.0 1.65 7.42 54.99 2436.96 45.7 - 0.47 134.52 38.9 4.64 3660.10 2986.14 -0.67 171.79 3627.48 48.60 0.77 509.83 420.2 Coal 525.21 31.2 -5.6 Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .47 774.3 253.51 1.54 - - - - 1.39 65.15 28.88 5.47 3346.6 Main activity producers Gross production .06 3640.1 0.75 33.04 31.38 3187.6 8.6 Oil 334.91 5.08 15.1 -1.28 113.3 -4.84 7.76 898.5 1.4 1.24 3453.94 3016.8 333.42 1.22 2048.59 3486. ocean and other sources (e.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 4.65 5.17 17.63 168.11 1.33 280.84 29.39 2059.00 2417.23 4. tide(2) 125.5 1413.80 290.g.72 47.4 1659.62 25.87 3224.85 3608.99 19.39 928.61 5.9 Biofuels & waste 4.4 27.39 146.45 -0.4 2.72 3.57 374.01 0.71 90.85 238.18 9.91 820.39 22.3 5.99 19.10 0.62 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .91 244.03 - -4.42 280.43 1809.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 8.13 3.1 1.92 34.08 0.7 2. wind.74 781.14 706.6 -0.50 53.53 - 24.74 2.39 122.94 -3.9 17.79 3254.35 32.4 253.14 4.20 225. from chemical heat). 55.90 2681.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.64 3.39 3.70 36.24 499.17 -0.IV.0 1.6 82.57 4.60 .2 0.24 14. wind.7 2.96 249.82 126.95 140. (2) Includes wave.93 10.02 0.

4 -0.3 2.0 4.9 2.3 -9.1 2.IV.4 29.8 0.0 29.0 63122 10546 4836 34 637 1135 21 30631 15282 2.0 5. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.4 27.3 -4. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.2 12.6 2467 2467 e e e e e e e e e e e e Average annual percent change 1990-2010 e 166817 20490 e 46414 e 11395 e 4533 2461 e 1518 1707 e 16696 e 47256 3778 279 3396 e 6894 e e e e e e e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 4. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 Total Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 2008 2009 216575 e 203343 e 228635 e 227145 e 266937 256332 12901 30 12871 12004 27 11977 160436 24446 53850 5991 843 690 441 38631 4074 12334 2119 3604 13413 147492 19688 47855 6193 844 584 472 37352 4690 15867 e 2158 e 2110 e 9679 - - Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.5 -0.4 11.1 25939 e 39332 e 38676 e 44390 e 13733 e 22184 20135 24448 e 82 389 545 520 e 2357 12390 12370 14058 9767 e 4369 e 5626 e 5364 e 0.9 2357 e 48 2309 e 1.2 5.2 1.6 e 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.61 OECD EUROPE 5. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 1980 e e e e e e e e e 1990 2000 42810 e 27031 58428 e 60027 3101 e 11690 9913 26 269 499 4500 27 34 481 e 577 502 18 1612 13 34 33 40 3606 17921 e 29435 e 30028 39165 e 5207 14555 e 15010 e 140998 e 171708 e e 19025 e 18619 e 52448 e 47928 e e 4866 e 13615 e 935 5370 e e 812 1338 1488 1768 e e 21946 16050 e 6244 e 13222 e 20359 e 37651 e e 2479 3177 354 e 2083 6628 e 8313 e 5988 1868 1868 43238 e 43847 42959 29 e 36 e 2354 3 5 5 113 43204 43806 40489 167053 22205 42080 11306 4911 2209 1665 1856 16279 48643 3125 483 3665 8626 155286 17770 41133 11624 4291 2087 1469 1597 16559 44022 3558 296 3226 e 7654 2124 4 2120 2343 3 2340 2010 276686 e 1.3 8.1 -12. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .7 0.

. 2. .. 653099 1096500 895753 1013009 907267 . . ..... ... fuels ... 247112 354514 427068 496830 484240 Non-spec. . .... . .IV. 782582 766400 697324 768381 690952 Oil .. 9494 4053 3926 3638 . 88944 82377 50290 52362 ... . .0 Nuclear .. Non-spec. Geothermal ... Geothermal .... . . . -1. - 105080 13842 6851 ... 82089 97499 86981 95026 ... ... Heat pumps . . .. . .. . comb.. . Biofuels & waste . Biofuels & waste .. fuels .. Coal .. .. Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 1618485 1917419 1882721 2706477 2248430 2518567 2291657 1. Nuclear . comb..4 Nuclear . 3975 3685 2720 2839 .. .. .. .. . .. Autoproducers Total 530095 526685 400542 851313 406051 431370 . 8114 10164 12462 13074 13290 . 1706 5098 5060 5368 . ... 3876 7684 6156 8745 8532 .. 27439 22962 21792 23054 22516 ... - - - - . . . Non-spec. Coal . .. . 27288 22832 21625 22871 . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 6.. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . 62 5 8 11 .. Chemical processes . . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties... . 165023 257015 340087 401804 . .. 693638 684023 647034 716019 .. . 51 120 125 118 . .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. . Natural gas ...... Natural gas .... .. .... Geothermal . . - - - - ... 3999 4242 3684 3969 4499 ... Biofuels & waste ...... . ....... 1706 5098 5060 5368 5333 .. Oil .. . Total Coal .62 . . Heat pumps ...... ..... - 149644 - - .. . Oil .. .. Chemical processes . . Natural gas .. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information... .... . . . fuels . . 151 130 167 183 ... . 24 557 964 1130 .. Heat pumps .... 56520 107185 89864 84392 . . 488225 693516 726013 825315 . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . . Chemical processes . 3876 7684 6156 8745 . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . 9556 4058 3934 3649 3687 . 145238 180131 161355 175637 151341 .. 164874 402984 169740 187694 ...... . comb..... - 254724 13842 6851 - ..1 of which: Main activity producers Total 1088390 1390734 1482179 1855164 1842379 2087197 . 8063 10044 12337 12956 . .... .. 88718 72946 71491 91245 .

00 0.5 .88 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.04 0.79 217.35 44.47 83.22 - 46.25 202.96 0.15 250.39 346. 2012 described in the introductory information.17 2.87 30.95 315.85 159. ocean Wind Other (e.92 10.25 2.46 39.55 62. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 319. 1.66 5.03 27. ..55 201..61 249.00 0.g.28 .98 34.45 238.07 1.3 19.9 0.36 -3.01 0.62 13.8 Combustible fuels Oil 92.90 387.38 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .97 230.50 49.05 0.36 7.06 213.98 396.78 1.05 0.69 18.10 55.46 374.43 3.49 35.7 - - 0.04 458.38 47.25 47.45 .02 396.8 2..67 36. wave. 8. fuel cells) Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 Natural gas 28.11 45.53 255. -0.63 OECD EUROPE 7A. 0.3 -3.91 8.74 16.17 244.9 Oil .05 205.66 41.0 Coal .3 29.01 0.61 24.04 26.11 234.IV.49 33.07 126.79 38.16 2..13 380.71 231.29 7. 27.2 9.05 0. 7B.04 0.92 60.9 0.6 2.56 101.04 0.13 160.40 11.02 0.64 31.45 40. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 21.97 40. 315. 7.04 - 30.56 55.9 Natural gas .1 0. 72.01 - - Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 0..58 430.2 29.85 447.1 7.49 208.88 1.01 0.16 .85 241...1 -1.65 1.57 .08 8.6 1.43 250.5 Biofuels & waste of which: main activity prod.05 241.29 14.24 14...3 Total .9 Coal 195.26 5.79 133.80 2.95 51.23 374.44 .55 150..06 220.36 18. -4.44 35.38 60.69 134.2 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.75 38.4 - 0.42 239.4 4.1 2.45 85.05 0.86 2.07 211. 214.1 -0.86 14.10 44.9 Non-Thermal Total Hydro Tide.71 22. 13. 1.87 48.54 276.81 7.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) - Electricity production (GWh) - 1487 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 24560 24105 49160 e 12085 21437 22141 -0.IV.4 2585 2654 4490 e 849 1539 1718 -2.2 1262068 e 1391437 1274659 e 1281903 e 0.2 3614 21795 23555 25559 15.2 107565 107055 e 348893 e 566397 526369 531195 8.7 308407 170874 e 132118 e 65059 55880 42081 -6. .5 Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 325376 357931 e 332052 e 318100 310738 294360 -1.0 Petroleum products 72000 39302 e 32306 e 16330 14710 10566 -6.0 2846300 2932150 e 2796148 e 2614630 2525851 2461163 -0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.9 260880 279214 e 284830 e 253864 249277 -0. 1078068 e * Excludes CHP plants.64 .2 3105 e 3764 10126 16482 16468 18304 8.3 16003 43119 e 285496 327301 319858 16.6 267659 e Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) 3534 3814 3532 4805 4326 4932 1.1 2236 3025 e 303405 239110 e 251273 e 254492 176302 26101 22625 e 24109 e 22932 15828 Electricity production (GWh) (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 22434 e -0.9 (2) Total combustible fuels Electricity production (GWh) 1151992 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.4 2870379 1598260 e 1299780 e 613172 545393 402967 -6.8 4355604 4563385 e 4110944 e 3844448 3298620 3288172 -1.5 2829 4715 3888 4846 2.6 439163 486925 e 445647 407567 e 353238 e 357718 e -1. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 181321 188332 e 165507 e 152052 130479 130461 -1.4 236399 -0.8 1094719 1039520 e 2849359 e 4289849 e 4027674 4142579 7.2 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 8828 e 65299 e 241906 288858 393835 20. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.9 Electricity production (GWh) - 445 5412 e 17982 24030 28771 23.3 29600 32308 29815 41955 35038 43602 1. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.2 35978 e 50345 e 132394 e 235003 229715 242154 8.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 8.

65 OECD EUROPE 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 1990 2000 2008 95159 90784 e 64262 e 1933892 2006396 e 1460332 e 125653 144014 e 122091 e 566114 e 588583 e 382302 e 55527 452337 25901 155598 2010 69176 1580849 140362 404675 66197 1529572 136033 e 394013 69069 1579217 142188 412396 -1.0 10.8 2.7 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 247592 CHP Heat production (TJ) 1109184 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.2 -0.6 11.3 8.8 14.2 5.6 7.0 108496 e 8050 e 34419 e 104984 e 9845 e 22497 e 158344 13102 29174 122019 10466 21735 154397 13012 31139 e 1. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .4 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 21105 1313 e 3895 e 76362 1812 36376 152922 e 5450 76478 e 294926 14534 122856 305054 14557 124160 329022 16619 128759 7.4 -0.1 7.IV.3 345602 e 444961 e 1311565 e 1339917 e 642208 1688370 616220 e 1635798 e 663944 e 1824158 e 3.4 -0.0 0.2 -5. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.5 5653 550 125 11673 e 1177 1695 51790 5332 5872 62862 6139 9156 74502 7787 8181 13.2 23. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 103973 949457 86400 119533 96649 892597 80105 108304 100450 913436 80109 115964 -1. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .4 395959 30326 97176 713052 e 1611734 e 60478 e 162726 e 176892 e 479289 e 2789308 e 302207 e 713320 2647476 287719 663469 e 2930977 315721 747075 7.9 14.0 Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5289 161 3077 8553 301 3693 20660 1477 4989 19553 2061 3619 29772 2319 8366 33290 2110 10488 7.1 -1.6 -1.7 6.7 0.1 5.4 -1.5 3192 26726 4194 6866 60539 3060 25865 e 138073 1210298 83899 338029 2009 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 e e e e e e e e e e e e Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 22492 1690 e 7069 e 75414 e 9651 e 13788 e 188321 e 17124 78451 369802 34216 135077 418816 38726 140731 517431 44486 190870 10.8 4.3 1.5 16603 668516 55294 209239 e 9963 403889 34797 105246 11238 420452 46934 89353 11641 430475 40121 119367 10398 412434 36241 129619 e 12052 463323 37355 137804 e 1.4 1.2 e e e e 94316 881080 75142 181412 2375 25768 2050 e 14414 e 3991 40824 2995 23451 5313 55499 3873 32578 5434 58221 3915 34392 6297 65436 4557 38368 5. 2012 9.0 4.

5 Fuel input (TJ) 26121 e 70252 e 39813 e 60966 70806 74172 0.1 Heat production (TJ) - 34 1044 4778 5437 7174 30.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 10.0 Fuel input (TJ) 54336 30614 e 10674 e 9017 8751 7374 -6. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 Fuel input (TJ) 90693 102253 e 72998 e 32093 39293 45228 -4.1 Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 45 1255 5869 6466 10154 31. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.8 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) 750 e Heat production (TJ) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) 476 181 4517 e 2002 5686 6953 20.6 Heat production (TJ) 5116 e 5339 e 10550 e 5033 5178 5925 0.IV.5 Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal 4739 2794 e 774 e 725 690 528 -8.0 Heat production (TJ) 323 132 3644 e 1636 3694 4643 19. 592718 e 488114 e (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.3 Heat production (TJ) 14148 e 43179 e 27236 41224 45011 44045 0. .3 77745 e 96718 e 173810 e 246622 232284 265934 5.0 Heat production (TJ) 281233 309925 e 147094 e 127231 120492 150438 -3. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 18524 20057 e 8167 e 6781 6985 8129 -4.2 1073 28177 e 63404 107385 110469 126955 7.9 Heat production (TJ) 39968 21859 e 8021 e 7692 5612 5652 -6.5 Petroleum products 2193 2507 e 1785 e 780 944 1092 -4.7 559447 559544 636550 0.4 (2) Total combustible fuels Heat production (TJ) 507252 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) - 1362 Fuel input (TJ) - 14637 8552 12051 8895 10025 -1.4 Fuel input (TJ) 417415 431741 e 181306 e 159075 162356 190063 -4.9 Heat production (TJ) - 11601 e 7255 9990 7598 8499 -1.5 796 1135 843 1036 -1.5 (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) 7266 7614 e 12993 e 6941 7540 8627 0.0 Heat production (TJ) 69245 e 80930 e 55885 e 26502 31736 37833 -3.8 23001 e 53575 86370 90513 102670 7.7 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) 108298 Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 130867 e 228499 e 345214 e 311053 365418 5.66 .

71 9.15 77.98 68.07 0.4 0.61 1123.03 0.66 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .27 36.6 0.22 1272.3 91.43 17.17 16.16 2.54 106.4 0.32 6.30 2.25 30.96 92.66 98.22 551.5 -2.00 0.13 0.6 163. .6 0.49 11.0 1.3 185.02 0. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat - - 0.05 0.09 160.42 44.42 24.9 0.79 110.01 - 1.13 0.43 322.53 1.69 87.02 2. 5.2 - - 0.2 5.96 77.52 39.58 20.24 5.74 -5.6 4.25 98.83 2.05 35.31 1.47 2.82 15.20 74.48 1.01 0.19 4.4 52.69 535.30 324.95 -0.IV.94 57.85 2.65 356.7 28.01 0.54 125.90 39.5 1.1 -9.59 1287.23 2.72 22.4 46.13 5.43 14.99 342.03 1.1 0.14 310.50 70.63 15.5 1.47 1.81 0.33 45.41 1.85 2.01 0.02 1223.11 71.01 -18.16 0.4 17.36 21.87 535.43 334.73 267.99 35.33 14.27 6.8 115.8 0.35 0.4 3.52 201.9 0.82 201.91 6.8 2.41 73.04 79.57 0.7 0.55 265.10 0.75 76.10 0.02 311.01 0.44 43.25 9.01 66.81 1.67 1.0 3.95 191.31 116.28 32.32 259.23 0.81 44.31 54.35 73.9 1.13 2.33 22.50 47.0 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.07 160.9 8.0 11.14 0.40 1.7 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Comm.64 2.63 86.08 155.12 26.20 9.43 146.63 39.01 0.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.48 27.5 -3.63 2.3 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 372.92 5.03 0.34 268.43 517.05 0.4 0.8 3.50 104.08 267.7 10.30 -1.40 4.49 45.15 -2.12 563.4 -13.2 95.85 51.0 15.16 -0.82 254.65 5. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 1022.24 263.01 0.00 0.3 -4.00 0.11 12.9 150.6 0.78 99.92 295.35 324.67 OECD EUROPE 11.87 14.2 -1.6 0.96 2.17 2.54 0.1 577.1 5.27 3.67 1.19 - 13.27 280.69 1.82 2.1 0.6 173.88 125.4 3.92 46.22 0.96 568.02 0.5 2.91 333.46 316.8 -0.01 0.8 - 0.77 14.9 0.86 88.81 24.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .05 -3.98 152.41 17.6 - - - - - - - - - 95.65 28.50 4.22 3.75 - 12.44 153. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.47 2.50 315.83 53.93 48.20 78.19 1225.12 3.76 0.80 13.41 62.12 0.34 6.94 8. & public serv.05 0.12 5.93 208.97 271.40 1.6 63.97 -4.90 23.74 9.04 3.74 20.02 0.01 1080.42 35.72 57.4 3.17 0.82 233.03 0.55 9.32 281.9 1.59 34. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.78 -1.51 1.16 55.91 8.06 12.59 309.3 57.46 51.15 48.2 -1.30 0.49 50.7 20.21 0.74 2.97 8.

3 22.60 -6.58 13.16 0.23 4.59 0.6 -24.98 0.9 -3.17 47.4 6.70 1.62 0.00 0.98 0.1 4.18 51.79 0.3 -3.17 90.8 4.6 -8.32 4.44 101.34 18.56 0.1 -7.60 280.28 0.18 18.12 1.01 6.01 4.30 1.3 -0.48 0.29 62.01 1.11 3.44 1.11 7.1 2.39 37.4 1.21 0.96 65.47 32.79 62.48 1.82 4.20 0.3 Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 35.45 301.93 74.8 81.8 0.39 316.80 17.71 108.42 28.74 1.00 118.03 0.87 112.3 -11.4 6.78 20.54 78.6 5.14 8.83 2.6 1.14 0.86 122.16 20.13 36.62 5.80 4.97 19.37 26.69 3.22 2.02 1.03 0.19 1.49 32.03 0.25 19.23 0.5 -18.01 1.8 0.73 20.92 75.4 1.0 -1.07 0.74 4.45 11.7 -1.23 46.13 326.14 3.0 -6.18 99.47 0. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.54 50.27 2.75 1.9 5.51 0. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.23 1.62 13.0 -2.08 1.93 4.25 2.06 0.9 -0.51 37.12 0.59 0. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.04 0.33 0.81 113.14 3.82 0.8 1.7 2.11 3.62 16.32 15.4 0.2 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 20.15 0. paraffin waxes.03 28.10 1.77 0.27 65.84 11.1 4.0 0.5 7.91 40.63 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .82 31.01 4.79 0.34 0.83 7.6 0.53 12.39 81.06 0.16 21.21 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.67 0.07 0.5 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.32 18.01 1.55 20.20 3.3 -5.41 16.39 121. lubricants and bitumen.18 14.75 256.37 32.21 0. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 242.0 -4.40 0.19 1.0 -0.0 -1.02 1.31 1.00 32.2 9.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 11.10 1.01 1.24 23.97 0.46 0.4 -0.45 0.26 0.48 33.09 0.96 0.28 1.7 14.78 4.08 0.01 50.05 5.03 0.01 1.05 0.88 3.41 5.98 0.14 19.68 . .16 54.94 3.30 30.30 31.08 0.97 2.3 4.63 1.01 1.15 0.44 17.60 10.88 1. This includes use of products such as white spirit.39 0.2 1.57 312.9 7.42 0. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.95 19.07 20.63 3.23 0.IV.27 115.70 2.45 12.13 0.46 14.04 4.9 -3.31 4.34 107.6 5.64 76.06 0.07 0.99 0.7 12.01 0.

34 148.03 1.32 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.83 Total industry (TWh) 737.54 11.14 3.58 0.36 28.40 29.IV.48 7.97 271.01 11.56 4.83 116.73 267.55 4.78 100.19 79.22 63.15 156.80 1155.77 115.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .55 8.62 Non-ferrous metals 6.18 Chem.07 13.22 106.55 Food and tobacco 3.98 118.25 97.47 4.09 28.51 37.97 9.13 9.84 46. 2012 12.00 118.54 Non-ferrous metals 12.19 1225. pulp and printing 24.61 49.57 1145.03 28.36 3.32 147.62 10.76 38.02 6.81 16.65 10.45 1.70 10.54 42.20 Paper.54 68.52 30.78 39.36 81.86 140. and petrochemical 64.31 44.83 8.43 Food and tobacco 26.48 112.69 152.78 5.99 2.75 18.35 31.00 206.70 1.05 36.45 209.91 1014.87 3.48 19.49 142.81 1257.16 Non specified/other 5.69 38.01 1080.56 7.25 98.35 91.85 6.07 28.61 Non-ferrous metals 72.82 7.44 24.48 15.82 62.86 1.97 14.22 79.78 5.35 99.86 20.74 3.56 9.67 1.37 8.82 254.76 8.19 8.41 1.56 Non-metallic minerals 45.26 Paper.91 6.02 4.84 Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying 8.69 4.11 42.33 19.41 2.94 95.69 50.41 9.20 2.40 17.79 67.18 34.28 2. 46.36 8.69 87.38 9.95 206.51 10.63 24.66 8.40 8.27 2.12 102.43 322.07 6.83 51.70 21.25 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.42 12.68 3.95 191.33 41.62 8.98 4.41 Chem.37 56.84 4.95 8.00 11.79 48.71 9.49 109.37 16.79 206.77 17.19 74.82 54.02 117.70 310.05 Wood and wood products 1.88 112.02 1223.30 22.94 37.28 1.71 4.11 6.25 4.80 17.38 22.87 8.84 30.35 324.78 7.83 7.95 10.73 12.91 18.02 8.70 57.54 53.65 356.78 7.89 91.51 36.00 40.78 23.30 131.77 88.32 856.82 1.29 Mining and quarrying 1.86 7.17 124.69 97.98 10.85 36.96 9. pulp and printing 5.70 114.96 92.10 23.22 36.10 1243.63 1.72 1078.01 12.02 22.92 45.08 8. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .59 1284.40 7.09 41.41 73.73 140.02 4.84 6.36 38.56 15.46 6.24 41. and petrochemical 15.61 Non-metallic minerals 3.07 8.39 1287.70 28.41 6.83 Iron and steel 112.34 63.36 70.49 12.42 132.30 7.92 20.39 32.17 1.53 115.33 8.27 Mining and quarrying 19.07 84.13 7.55 8.01 Transport equipment 2.10 12.22 99.58 46.64 14.37 151.09 195.18 Textile and leather Construction 14.18 11.26 29.15 Non-metallic minerals 46.38 1.70 57.82 37.61 13.78 99.80 3.76 21.13 7.06 Food and tobacco 37.09 8.40 16.31 12.10 21. and petrochemical 179.67 37.71 8.25 131.81 Textile and leather 3.44 22.06 15.40 9.23 55.09 Wood and wood products 11.81 Non specified/other 58.94 3.25 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) Iron and steel Chem.75 15.36 9.31 6.52 120.76 267.61 1123.92 Iron and steel 74.67 11.89 145. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.30 Machinery 5.11 106.37 17.82 233.03 Construction 0.12 52.75 1.69 6.22 1272.99 54.32 1.78 17.54 108.62 18.23 49.95 372.46 Transport equipment 26.20 34.10 13.74 44.43 1.95 181.36 27.34 58.62 117.92 13.48 28.00 19.29 7.91 36.64 200.96 2.94 1.92 1.03 1.12 12.83 100.85 7.03 30.17 Paper.27 8.42 3.76 10.14 23.69 OECD EUROPE TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1022.02 54.30 Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 58.81 10.95 14.05 Machinery 59.14 324.14 4.43 146.81 295.84 104.66 6.98 16.06 5.18 9.09 14.46 3.08 265.86 93.34 12.77 43.81 30.11 13. pulp and printing 66.66 Wood and wood products 7.18 8.24 13.20 125.

Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 68330 106547 217676 204376 282197 344024 326654 310845 320745 Imports from: 16611 40995 172007 194102 268913 319389 297254 280021 290092 Austria 498 991 6910 8924 16332 20943 20006 23410 22947 Belgium 89 7810 4488 3550 4452 9038 6544 11289 11826 - - - - - - Canada - Czech Republic - Denmark Estonia 289 - - - - 2975 6116 18634 26350 19986 22225 21449 1372 4940 5648 8177 11172 11006 10174 11741 - - - - 1921 2250 1785 1967 Finland 260 1163 362 276 1004 2675 3226 3220 4983 France 2496 4338 55503 77740 77719 66323 56967 43322 48741 Germany 1238 5067 22161 27167 39909 61138 59782 51146 56858 Greece - - 174 209 2192 2312 Hungary - - 696 Ireland - - Italy 318 Luxembourg - Mexico - - 212 622 843 243 722 238 30 41 53 152 85 146 253 384 476 2947 3651 1528 1109 965 778 738 2084 1629 1868 1845 736 - - - - - - - - 215 3906 3499 3902 4031 5568 9272 10511 12772 Norway 5401 1503 16413 8573 20486 14370 15700 13867 5776 Poland - 828 7878 7150 9658 13076 9632 9820 7514 514 1697 1742 3767 2153 1314 2801 3189 5017 Netherlands Portugal 78 Slovak Republic 303 - 778 2484 8825 9058 7487 6063 Slovenia - - 1363 816 4554 3817 5599 7240 8066 Spain 2239 3631 3606 3031 5293 10748 12405 9941 9315 Sweden 549 - 20 1321 14605 8627 12955 15992 16480 10632 14581 Switzerland 3071 7247 23354 26496 29785 35651 31559 32365 31636 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States 96 - 19 - 45 - 46 - Total from non-OECD 5384 Albania - Azerbaijan - - Belarus - - Bulgaria - Croatia - - F. - 554 - 633 450 505 685 2176 4614 4710 3210 2347 299 1028 1694 1499 1322 © OECD/IEA. of Macedonia - - Georgia - Lativia - - - - Lithuania - - - - Romania 1428 955 46 49 Russian Federation Serbia 3806 1676 4299 4870 - - - 10274 12985 198 50 - 115 - Ukraine 3795 8326 54127 - - - 163 27706 29325 29331 61 404 125 156 15 94 - - 652 4364 4293 4628 3418 3454 1 59 403 1976 2798 2532 3647 901 1188 3810 3856 216 215 182 303 36 83 562 664 120 309 1207 2328 172 252 720 586 1252 4893 10362 11059 11931 11847 75 544 176 204 283 4531 5084 891 - - - - - 545 - 23607 320 - Turkmenistan 736 - 165 - - 1234 18244 - - - 151 649 - 496 612 - - 12160 3502 27425 - (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 13. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.IV.70 . 2012 Total from OECD .Y. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 89 11425 750 Non-specified/others 46335 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.R.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.71 OECD EUROPE 14. 178 256 154 205 529 - 813 - 88 - - 9 122 58 Turkmenistan 573 389 - 258 - - - - - - - - 1207 - 572 - 379 374 491 - - - 477 12131 - - 8 - 1724 2695 - - 105 - 7065 308 - 146 - 1189 3430 2653 1364 - - - - - 392 24 10 17 4 2850 1263 1718 1334 53045 29949 467 2837 7264 7927 8442 8004 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.R. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 62585 90906 202504 201182 280502 342253 316895 298939 306141 Exports to: 26328 37668 170664 195875 266453 315321 293823 277048 286006 Austria 614 1067 7789 9751 15198 23626 23626 24037 25059 Belgium 1320 1086 2322 6058 11557 15848 17021 9507 12427 Canada - - - - Czech Republic - Denmark 918 1841 - - - - - - 47 4405 8699 10209 8523 8234 6685 12106 3825 8571 10225 12432 10490 10260 - - - 6481 3873 8365 Estonia - Finland 4136 France 2686 9845 7019 3256 3676 10358 10563 19460 20463 Germany 3211 3930 24998 39439 45612 43379 38627 38127 40816 678 Greece - - Hungary - - Ireland - - - - - 233 1288 7826 - 10 87 246 4671 3104 3684 1218 1810 311 67 10513 8304 7407 5946 133 1382 373 452 378 Italy 761 1425 34226 38000 42078 48341 41938 43531 41671 Luxembourg 913 1073 4364 5651 6409 5725 5666 5000 5384 Mexico - Netherlands 1288 10 12657 15497 21835 23149 25231 15562 15486 165 991 407 1911 1231 4144 1824 4815 13258 4 13 4088 2494 7100 7673 7071 6173 2342 1734 2661 4698 9650 10753 7608 5823 6695 Norway Poland - Portugal 132 Slovak Republic Slovenia - - 21 4848 552 - Spain 322 - - - - - - - 3652 4602 2101 5967 13476 7830 8762 - 2089 2805 3307 1733 1309 2594 2136 2337 3209 7632 12271 9060 5884 6782 5183 Sweden 5256 1825 12749 8221 17688 17494 14686 15468 16801 Switzerland 3893 5540 21694 19083 24070 34410 31317 30751 32782 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States 161 - Total to non-OECD 22 60 - 11925 - 193 - 16330 - - 14768 - 30 9412 - 13722 - - - 7888 8583 - - 1891 4840 11212 19668 15145 13449 541 391 1111 1773 1657 1035 495 437 15 - - Albania - - Azerbaijan - - - Belarus - - - Bulgaria - - Croatia - - - 2398 7079 9785 8746 7294 F. of Macedonia - - - - - 111 95 6 Georgia - - - 118 54 Lativia - - - Lithuania - - - Romania Russian Federation 2 - Serbia 15 - Ukraine - Non-specified/others 36197 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 Total to OECD .IV. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.Y.

.90 678.24 0......... .25 131. . ....82 131. Combined cycle . Liquid / natural gas .08 12.28 63. Solid / liquid / gas . .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV OECD EUROPE 15..49 30.66 0. ...77 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 14. . .. .. . .47 15. .33 36...07 149... ....38 1.. .17 0. ..75 9...... . . . . .75 183. Gas turbine .23 72.48 877. ..44 557. .24 0.... .77 787..59 214...IV. ..64 41. . . ..43 1.44 0. ..52 355..25 133. ... ... Other .96 185. . .49 187. . ...29 55. .49 119. .03 0..24 0..84 41... . . .65 285. . . .20 417.56 131.. . .87 of which: pumped storage 2.. . Natural gas ...17 4. .24 0.42 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.39 0.24 0.42 410.. .. . Available capacity .60 Geothermal 0....43 - - 0. .. . .. .. . . ...33 417. . Biofuels & waste .24 82. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics... fuel cells) - - - 0.. .. .41 1.. . .. .. . . .... . . ..24 0. ... ... . .... ... .g.. .. Solid / natural gas .. .... .31 1. . .55 0...05 0. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid ..74 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products . .. ... . . .61 Solar Tide..08 423.. . .. . (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993 and for Slovak Republic before 1995. . .. ... . wave...15 42.... .. .08 42. (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters.24 0. ..77 313. .. . . . . ..52 128.84 441. .21 1. .65 28. Type of generation Steam ... Internal combustion .94 131.19 175.... . Liquid fuels .89 42.. . .42 0. .36 6. .63 809. .. ocean Wind - - 0. ..89 Other (e. .. . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 328. .01 0. . ..56 0. . .. ..79 1.81 189.06 255...72 . Peak load .24 0. ... . .64 Hydro 99.20 606... 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage....05 120.68 163. ..64 38. .06 833.

. ......44 0..... Internal combustion ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters.. . .63 48.27 0. . .. ...48 50..49 52.09 49.77 0. Solid / natural gas .12 55.02 0.. .. .82 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products . .10 of which: pumped storage - - 0.. . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..32 57..89 2..g. . . . .11 Geothermal - 0.... .. ..05 53....70 Other (e. . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 49. .48 1. ..22 2. .07 8. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993 and for Slovak Republic before 2001... Available capacity . .. . ..06 1.. . ...41 3. . ...78 2.22 43. ..23 0.. Liquid fuels . . ..18 48.. .16 43...62 1.. Natural gas ..80 42..07 0.. .. .......84 0....14 48... . . . Combined cycle . ...54 0..96 59... .22 0... .. ...53 3.. ..... .. .62 3. . . .28 59. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage..29 Tide.... . .39 51. . ..63 7. . . . .. ..37 0.87 3.. . . .. . ... . . . .03 0.. .. ..11 1.. .59 43..05 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 0.. .. .... ...... . .. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 0. .11 0... .05 48.. . .. wave. Peak load . . . .. . . . . . .. Biofuels & waste . .. . .06 9. .... Gas turbine . . .. . ...04 0..73 OECD EUROPE 15. Type of generation Steam . .17 0..99 3. . . .. . Liquid / natural gas . .. .22 0.. .. .01 - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0.... Other ... .. . . . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . . .12 0. . Solid / liquid / gas . . .. ...22 0.. . .IV. .54 - - - - - Hydro 6. fuel cells) - - - 0. ..15 0. .

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

/population CO2/elec.6%) Industry (31. (32. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv.5%) 2010 Other (1. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.4%) Industry (48.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ./GDP Prod. (19. Electricity indicators Figure 3.3%) Commerce / public serv.5 200 1./TFC Elec.5%) 3723. 2012 TWh 2500 Production/Consumption Product 3000 .5 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.&heat Figure 5.3 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6%) Residential (32.75 50 500 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.25 2000 1971=100 1 1500 150 1 100 1000 0. Electricity consumption by sector 250 3500 1.8%) Transport (1. 1996 2001 2006 2010 1971 0. Total final consumption by fuel 12000 4000 3500 10000 3000 8000 2000 TWh Mtoe 2500 1500 6000 4000 1000 2000 500 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4.2%) Residential (28./cons. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.8%) Transport (1.IV. serv.3%) Other (2./pub.9 TWh 9036.75 IEA TOTAL Figure 2.

16 0.41 1834. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.93 7439.62 5573.9 Nuclear 49.9 0.3 TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0.58 4.18 1.14 0. .09 35172.49 13. 4389 5207 6519 7864 7913 8251 .1 1921.17 36201..56 8.3 164 147 119 107 93 93 90 -1.1 -1.81 5089.6 0.60 3954.83 101.13 0.35 1192.76 .0 15.32 1.73 3.25 449.57 1253.1 -1.7 0.45 1120.48 1824.04 30.52 31185.72 1.32 4.1 Biofuels & waste 79.49 537.76 25.30 2.9 TPES (Mtoe) Coal Oil Natural gas 90-11 5.74 17657.77 4986.2 . fuel cells).25 0. (2) Net Imports = total imports .03 0.49 0.23 1089.92 36752.4 0.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4 .IV.58 0. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.63 21.93 961. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 3670.9 848..36 4356.22 162.g.22 0.9 2.0 0.08 9974.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.72 1.6 4.34 1033. 0.4 -0.96 1792.04 3.1 2.03 10418.51 1100. wind. Energy consumption. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .12 37.06 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.74 0.48 1079.9 100 105 103 103 97 99 .7 841.59 8.05 0. 4414.85 -0.97 2.36 4356.65 0.02 248.5 0.78 5042. (2) In units of toe/per capita.6 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.85 23. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 3670.51 1.87 5..56 962.0 0. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.41 22.20 108. (3) Ele. 2.7 -4.56 1.65 1064.07 109.1 695.70 - 12.07 1.04 227.56 98.82 9413. 2.76 20.7 14693.13 10309.17 23993.21 110.26 758.88 91.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.5 0.95 134.1 0.83 5155.40 1256.67 113.40 4.TFC/population(4) Elec.79 1998.3 76.78 5042.19 1.14 -1. 0.73 168.71 1867.11 1028.81 5089..84 1006.10 816.83 5155.84 8.18 0.20 593.71 4.7 0.77 4986.1 1.82 247.84 898. ocean and other (e.80 580.9 2.55 0.24 1060.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 1.95 4.24 582. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) (1) Includes wave.57 1095.49 24.3 0.13 0.58 23.TFC = electricity total final consumption.53 4. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.71 1768.14 0.6 Geothermal Solar.60 3954.

3 217.1 .9 2276.1 31.9 9481.Used for electric boilers - - 0.7 1721. 726.0 2.1 3081.2 81.1 8618.1 4427.9 + Imports 87.2 1.4 2503.6 225. wave.4 8082.9 62.1 68.2 20. Geothermal .0 1297.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .2 64. Tide.4 7.0 634..6 10004.3 32.0 1.4 9573. traction and lighting purposes.g. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.9 .6 0.9 .3 4254.2 2830.1 69.8 28.8 105. Other (e.. ocean Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Other (e.1 482.5 0. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.3 .5 25.4 6263.IV.4 480.6 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 0..2 46.4 86.0 372.0 3.7 30..4 3325.3 6.2 8872.4 Nuclear .8 2062.9 82. Hydro .8 2317. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.4 124.4 10.4 .7 996.. 6.5 3049..2 25. - 0. serv.4 98.4 1185.1 211.1 2. . .7 3.6 257.9 65. Wind .1 1349.9 6.Exports 81.1 8312.3 105.5 0.1 23.7 2962. wave.3 .0 150.3 122.1 2770..6 6498.7 1693.1 397. 3852.8 5589.7 2209.4 393.1 20.6 2940.5 93.3 264. Sector non specified 4.6 0..9 2598.8 6173.5 1384.6 .4 139.4 254.2 1080. 8..8 939.7 179. Solar .7 2448. fuel cells) .9 1321.7 1.5 1333.2 6.2 562.6 0.8 8999.3 332.1 254.6 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Solar Tide.Used for heat pumps - - 0.9 5298.7 1.1 2864.5 .3 3501. 1816.3 267.2 6.6 13.7 43.4 407. losses .1 1307.6 1309.8 21.77 IEA TOTAL 3.3 .5 620.6 0.7 0.3 10196. 42.9 88.6 .7 92.2 1. 4209.9 633.9 4679.3 74.8 254. Combustible fuels .8 .1 6069.8 1.4 76.8 2171..2 9502.6 2.2 10039.7 7081.6 3893.2 5288.5 65..6 - - 0.5 4858.0 160.8 28.5 223.0 6416.8 5..6 1342.8 13.9 4547.7 355. 61.8 233.7 ..1 82.9 7040.6 458.8 192.9 5.9 620.8 2229.9 290.6 -0. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 10374. . 128.Used for pumped storage 19. Electrical energy supplied . 0. electric boilers and pumped storage.6 .8 341.3 2680.1 3.7 .7 254.0 9727.0 607.5 9036.6 230. 3575.6 2925.3 468. 1067.6 3645.0 67.7 .5 0.4 -3.2 2122.8 9643.2 4.4 6209.6 0.5 5490. fuel cells) .9 3603.Transmission & distr.8 29.8 8902.8 28.0 . Commercial & publ. 0..4 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.2 2334.6 0.9 .4 5838.6 2808...Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption Industry Transport 3723...6 264.4 33.0 10485.7 485. - 0.0 ..4 6475.4 7.3 754..7 465.2 15.7 8755.g.8 27.3 2. ocean . 1072.3 1172.2 3877.Statistical difference Total consumption .7 632.. 580.0 375.3 429.9 4196.4 356.9 1432.5 9009.9 515.8 32.6 .0 3.6 0.8 9300.4 9934. - -0.0 339. .8 2369.2 4.9 2236.9 401.2 108.2 2369.7 229...6 .3 1.2 82. Residential Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.0 Hydro 907.6 2394.4 1939.1 157.7 2119.7 1485.4 6527.6 1666.6 412.9 2225..9 589.1 55.8 145.3 6.7 1326.3 72.5 2127..0 2.5 0.8 265..7 7482.6 - - 0.0 2.1 25.9 5865.6 ..9 24.0 2.1 1627.9 106.8 .4 242.1 1871.3 1109.5 .4 93.8 344.Own use by power plant Net production - 0.7 1..2 4..3 3721..6 257.3 Nuclear 188.

71 - - - 2.37 106.4 16.35 613.55 133.0 2.23 6.35 3.56 3505.5 Natural gas 496.50 191.7 6.g.8 Biofuels & waste 5.61 645.48 29.45 1215.71 645.50 3.06 2891.1 - - 3.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 4098.6 Oil 113.47 9728.17 Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 2008 2009 10442.2 6.29 379.3 0.08 0.60 2225.90 2276.19 5228.6 1501.18 9.93 9410. ocean and other sources (e.02 0.86 109.27 0.40 - 8.84 58.07 262.42 29.53 235.59 1968.48 30.4 0.37 2235.89 533.44 2262.2 9974.51 1.13 166.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 10.15 685.34 574.3 361.6 30.89 111.69 235.52 0.94 602.72 172.10 0.89 633.IV. .23 5.73 43.11 116.2 1.52 0.2 1.27 9.7 - 71.17 3554.12 985.13 116.93 7439.81 3.99 -3.03 - -4.91 9481.26 4459.60 0.15 5.03 10.02 89.69 180.56 1215.54 361.02 68.29 94.7 9796.4 0.26 79.31 3385.37 837.9 0.65 81.72 7.16 83.6 Coal 137.10 59.01 140.98 67.78 2107.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.32 12. from chemical heat).34 .89 21.01 285.31 20.85 615.84 3.0 Oil 934.02 8847.60 241.55 628.95 5573.86 1198.86 1288.89 3716.44 64.58 6826.08 16.06 4.22 1988.50 1059.65 7482.79 15.22 9.58 65.6 4.7 68.88 9732.11 15.50 112.9 -1.01 0.01 10485.3 1.00 8779.83 57.30 6869.8 68. fuel cells. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.13 3.82 633.2 Coal Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .4 -5.78 .09 68.20 82.0 2.83 9799.41 5212.66 5.7 2.05 4109.73 43.84 13.54 361.8 Nuclear 237.80 196.6 - - 7.64 10.13 6.08 0.86 4.23 0.2 1.46 101.49 10039. wind.78 32.55 1194.1 1.90 2.54 628.77 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .17 685.6 - - 0.82 9413.8 3. tide(2) Natural gas (1) Electricity generated = gross production .43 64.43 -1.08 10374.5 2. tide(2) 0.32 3.25 0.48 50.22 - -16. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) 1974 1980 1990 2000 Total gross production 4470.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.39 151.25 0.4 Hydro 919. (2) Includes wave.51 9345.4 Geothermal Solar.35 613. 121.99 87.49 10.77 0.54 32.4 361.6 -0.41 158. wind.74 5589.79 15.67 133.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 4.44 1715.3 Main activity producers Gross production .95 67.4 29.9 -0.3 1.89 241.82 135.03 10418.60 1.96 25.29 120.59 2184.

8 5.7 2769 e 50 2719 e 2.6 27.4 -1.7 13.3 2.1 2.8 e -0.1 2. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. .7 -2.7 4.0 1.4 11.5 -7.IV.6 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.0 6.6 4.4 30.0 6. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9 14.4 5.79 IEA TOTAL 5.7 3.3 2.9 94053 33198 623 14302 45930 e e e e e e e e e e e 0.4 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified e e e e e e e e e 1869 1869 111782 e 116263 11690 9913 8085 11738 27 34 577 502 1607 33 40 66961 e 67141 22802 e 26895 418666 65601 125295 17764 18192 2618 5699 6004 22112 115426 4973 483 6005 28494 399656 57775 124079 17983 17649 2341 5188 5094 22680 106994 5365 296 5481 e 28731 2543 7 2536 2724 4 2720 2468 2468 43538 e 46913 e 81036 e 144303 e 29 e 36 e 2694 e 14931 e 3 82 108 2342 43509 e 46877 e 78231 e 126948 e e e e e e e e e e e e e 120549 10546 12459 34 637 1135 21 68481 27236 e 443898 63768 e 137322 e 17825 e 17886 2669 e 5153 5176 e 23586 e 110439 5597 279 5838 e 48360 89962 e 88912 e 30284 28575 443 567 12640 12595 46595 e 47175 e 0.7 58. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 Total 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 2010 281022 e 272566 e 581621 e 614449 e 622953 e 607555 e 661269 e Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 12901 30 12871 11999 27 11972 47911 e 42688 e 1 3102 e 857 1499 481 e 13 34 7887 28328 e 39153 e 9244 e 224583 25416 54090 7944 1089 690 447 40859 4361 12807 2144 3604 71132 213654 31657 65274 14797 2999 586 481 40552 5459 26928 e 2179 e 2140 e 20602 e 450805 e 424990 e e 40676 e 57759 e e 80492 e 87854 e e 7493 e 19855 e 9824 17918 e e 812 1338 3494 6155 e e 21969 18041 e 6282 e 13743 e 36777 e 64194 e e 2858 3760 e 354 e 1985 8926 e e 238143 e 125093 e - - Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.0 -7.

. 3975 3685 2720 2839 .. ..... .... ... . . . 1706 5098 5060 5368 .. 194891 275941 388187 445019 .. Geothermal . .. . . . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties.. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.. - 254724 13842 6851 - ..... Coal . 24 557 964 1130 ... . 3.3 Nuclear . - - - - .. - 149644 - - .... Total Oil . Coal . ... Electric boilers Other sources(1) . .. . .. .. 745 1494 2262 2827 3043 . . Natural gas . 765500 934816 1146896 1229911 . Chemical processes ... Electric boilers Other sources(1) . .. ...80 .. 884038 839229 840494 911439 845203 .. Non-spec... 106139 117289 119212 135436 .... Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 1706 5098 5060 5368 5333 . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. . 111392 191392 148826 129155 . Heat pumps .. Geothermal .. . Heat pumps . Geothermal . ... Chemical processes .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 6. . . comb.. 12310 6991 6849 6831 7146 ......... 0. ... Natural gas . Natural gas .... 121537 117339 101173 105282 . ... - 105080 13842 6851 .. ... fuels . .. .. 151 130 167 183 . . Biofuels & waste . . - - - - . . .. 8 5 5 1 . Autoproducers Total 530095 540865 492143 979689 534643 554928 . . Coal .... fuels . 217531 308681 268038 264591 240181 ... Biofuels & waste .. .. of which: Main activity producers Total 1139667 1401461 1871045 2191863 2444088 2662282 . . 694 1374 2137 2709 . . 3999 4242 3684 3969 4499 ... Biofuels & waste ... . . . . .. fuels .. . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 1669762 1942326 2363188 3171552 2978731 3217210 3018615 2.....IV.. 5486 10133 10485 13889 16033 ... . Chemical processes .... ..1 Nuclear .... . 51 120 125 118 .... 12302 6986 6844 6830 . . Oil .. comb. . Oil . ....... 762501 721890 739321 806157 .. . . 27439 22962 21792 23054 22516 .. 5486 10133 10485 13889 . ... . Non-spec. ..6 Nuclear . . . 162428 400543 168491 187232 .... ... Heat pumps . 27288 22832 21625 22871 .. . comb... 87115 106698 102651 116229 . . 282006 382639 490838 561248 539610 Non-spec. 927928 1335359 1315387 1417143 1335051 ....

.36 .24 1.23 1362.54 8.05 0.69 .25 449.2 4.10 42.8 Coal 447.05 0.24 362.24 865.17 58.50 304.79 51.40 134.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .05 0.85 13.87 80.5 0.52 796.03 - - Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 1.21 110. fuel cells) Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..1 Natural gas .93 -3. 0.93 91.1 0.63 18. 7B.49 13.37 608.00 0.19 1. ocean Wind Other (e.92 3.8 Oil ..g.73 108. 14.4 Non-Thermal Total Hydro Tide.02 0.08 220.60 266.81 IEA TOTAL 7A.52 132.18 1.45 75.88 91.76 170.22 594.07 109..04 61.60 52.7 Oil 251.0 76.4 5.69 878. 1.76 171.38 22.59 1306.94 3.38 17. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 820.05 0. 194.47 18. 549.72 .13 45.56 98.80 80.28 747.02 138.20 107. 5.02 0.01 0.39 851.9 1.89 3.96 5..2 Total .0 Natural gas 119..61 98.33 2.91 116.4 -0.8 2..73 123.3 of which: main activity prod..77 700.67 1.22 1338.70 1247. 131. 19.94 .49 412.IV.2 Combustible fuels Biofuels & waste 1.24 582..77 405.05 0.39 615.38 895. wave.0 - - 0. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 54.89 2.6 0.61 841.60 112. -5.82 72.27 959.94 127.04 0.74 1. 878.64 1207.10 - 22.98 - 23.5 49.49 45.76 68.15 1330.05 1106.84 822.4 2.08 1452.69 19.57 600.32 1430.80 42.6 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.22 162.30 19.89 438. 0.4 .5 1.61 822.41 21.72 391.67 368. 1.15 19. 2012 described in the introductory information.80 589.5 76.06 0.20 593.24 40.3 - 0.76 580.94 468.55 109.45 16.63 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries..39 957.7 -0.27 7.14 54.05 0.6 -4.71 604..6 Coal .01 .80 136.

2 (1) 6118695 14783333 4.1 485486 e Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) 3534 3814 3532 4804 4326 4932 1.5 3933268 4909256 e 5035960 e 4871104 4629139 4595926 -0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 408193 501266 e 497589 e 483051 467398 451061 -0.5 884582 582785 e 416692 e 265700 207790 e 199538 e -5.0 1.7 Fuel input (TJ) 9630 353672 e 313040 e 633265 654934 688641 3.4 603205 0.6 2236 3025 e 582015 540262 e 623606 e 546834 455385 54775 e 65946 e 56367 48260 Electricity production (GWh) (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 53218 e 65179 e 0.3 353011 455513 e 481904 e 450241 450448 -0. .7 2585 3403 5510 e 2767 3581 4940 1.3 3105 e 15264 29393 e 38471 e 38272 e 38875 4.3 29600 32308 29815 41943 35038 43602 1. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.IV.2 8619389 5563993 e 4009578 e 2484624 1933073 e 1811731 e -5.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 8.4 Electricity production (GWh) 1300 25568 e 31947 54122 54894 61141 4.9 35978 e 228784 e 392362 e 538624 e 529262 e 530937 4.8 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 6025415 e 10064212 e 13904921 e 13799771 Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) 379 40066 e 124560 e 353316 e 404682 e 515536 13.5 2829 4714 3888 4846 2.9 Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas 208755 126989 e 94412 e 60030 47373 e 43850 e -5.3 1. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 903246 e 1139108 e 2008 2009 1235355 1128166 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 710657 Fuel input (1000 t) 17621704 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 1750140 1169090 21858992 e 27458654 e 28315243 e 25793506 e 26719168 e 2272168 e 2866582 e 2977368 e 2700891 e 2810133 e 1.5 24560 33243 60395 e 33123 41277 56721 2.6 576977 595751 e 1091646 e 1697115 1688701 1798331 5.8 Electricity production (GWh) 3629978 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. 4011241 e 5002561 e 5609628 e 5230729 e 5473004 e 1.82 .6 Electricity production (GWh) (2) Total combustible fuels * Excludes CHP plants. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 32 2989 e 10112 e 27518 e 34211 e 39573 13.

8 14.8 0.1 2.4 6.7 -0.1 -0.6 9.0 e e e e 25368 1262649 e 1970 e 67767 e 7069 e 13788 e 5289 161 3077 2009 e e e e e e e e e e e e 396231 1847113 e 3820453 e 30356 e 158903 e 393459 e 97176 177395 e 750899 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 2008 80136 4262 3693 89445 e 2849 e 37009 e Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) 6882 30482 e Electricity production (GWh) 663 2972 CHP Heat production (TJ) 125 3886 Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 247962 e 536136 e 835410 e CHP Heat production (TJ) 1137281 1370970 e 1809944 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.83 IEA TOTAL 9.0 194003 e 7805 e 92362 e 337605 e 16689 e 139318 e 347185 e 16849 e 139113 e 367601 18668 143117 7.2 0.8 604618 e 50290 e 87940 673177 68703 163623 714795 71751 170574 802467 78251 215180 -2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .7 79645 7724 5176 55051 5973 7370 67752 6421 12184 78228 6878 14304 -0.9 4.9 4.0 89704 840686 73797 170061 2375 25768 2050 e 14414 e 3962 40531 2976 23326 5302 55399 3859 32558 5346 57341 3853 33835 6163 64091 4435 37621 4.3 9.4 7.4 3. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 1990 2000 95159 102257 e 96621 e 1933892 2309026 e 2302843 e 125653 179129 e 199571 e 566114 e 608325 e 496976 e 55527 452337 25901 161041 3192 26726 4194 6866 61263 e 3120 e 25865 e 16886 680827 e 55294 217857 e 113172 1011368 68640 296773 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 21105 1313 e 3895 e 2010 100022 2273284 e 206733 e 532189 e 94887 2160391 e 192482 e 540531 e 99825 2262848 e 203953 e 560824 e -0. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.6 1.7 14.0 65438 e 6547 e 7242 e 77672 e 7610 e 10080 e 91133 9281 10365 13.1 0.0 0.9 192063 e 13994 e 31765 e 288785 e 27955 e 21671 e 326156 32241 39131 257266 25252 29316 314747 30540 37418 e 2.7 2.8 -0.9 7.5 4.7 3.7 1015627 e 2426777 e 978634 e 2346718 e 1054590 e 2496195 e 3. 2012 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Average annual percent change 1990-2010 . (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.4 99852 902347 82651 109652 93121 852132 76698 99375 96747 869516 76408 106538 -0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.8 4954256 e 533078 e 1147123 4769312 521143 1075804 e 5241251 571296 1142696 5.8 9668 392288 37879 106375 18640 719827 68861 157647 17368 665457 59153 246272 15788 643326 56575 234053 e 16614 655381 54880 225018 e 2.9 3.5 -5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 24.IV.

0 Heat production (TJ) 281870 307121 e 147524 e 127703 120469 150414 -3.6 Fuel input (TJ) 26121 e 72881 e 45739 e 71544 e 83705 e 90876 1.84 .5 Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal 4739 2769 e 727 e 681 675 506 -8. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.8 Heat production (TJ) - 1313 6242 10503 11519 12230 11.4 Fuel input (TJ) 418375 428363 e 181727 e 159570 162318 190026 -4.4 Heat production (TJ) 323 186 3783 e 1705 3766 6723 19.1 Heat production (TJ) 14148 e 44560 e 31925 e 50700 e 56738 e 59577 1.7 Fuel input (TJ) 92509 67262 e 77545 e 32599 42222 47771 -1.0 Heat production (TJ) 39968 21674 e 7752 e 7397 5511 5504 -6.1 Heat production (TJ) 5116 e 5339 e 9914 e 4852 4598 5255 -0.3 Fuel input (1000 t) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) - 1029 Fuel input (TJ) - 11849 7916 10705 7995 9248 -1.7 Heat production (TJ) 70446 e 52204 e 59884 e 27245 33985 39573 -1.6 733 995 761 962 -0. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 10.4 1073 28018 e 59590 103226 106155 122883 7. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 18562 19918 e 8183 e 6801 6983 8127 -4.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 111244 111890 e 231651 e 348427 e 318506 374378 6.2 79694 e 79686 e 177029 e 250256 e 239583 e 274447 e 6.IV.1 Fuel input (TJ) 54336 30408 e 10280 e 8633 8608 7164 -7.5 Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 1991 7277 12214 13349 15609 10.6 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 750 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) 476 261 4676 e 2076 5763 9034 19.2 Heat production (TJ) - 10121 e 6814 9054 6859 7865 -1.7 22852 e 50692 82878 86864 99752 7.0 Total combustible fuels(2) Heat production (TJ) 511522 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.3 Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) 7266 7614 e 12118 e 6681 6831 7800 0.1 Petroleum products 2233 1632 e 1874 e 791 1013 1150 -1.8 545056 e 501559 e 574662 e 581881 e 665077 e 1.

38 112.68 20.62 1099.71 12.5 -3.19 0.05 105.36 2.02 725.01 - 1.51 214.1 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 7.02 23.85 153.65 695.7 1.22 182.96 1721.8 0.1 0.00 16.13 0.49 85.4 19.81 1.8 0.59 270.14 0.43 2.41 483.32 20.79 22.09 -0.4 3.86 15.76 247.05 0.7 156.06 35.21 151.1 - 0.46 0.77 16.54 1525.07 1.89 0.93 106.58 3. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 2764.7 13.75 151.85 904.33 878.00 0.06 4.16 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.55 3.0 1554.14 3.5 0.68 68.11 773.44 13.97 100.66 24.78 -1.20 99.29 158.52 - 5.23 1667.0 -0.3 - - 0.71 35.96 215.2 1.70 741.12 256.37 4.17 2.54 33. & public serv.67 572.18 40.3 -3.25 402.00 0.00 3.73 232.9 - - - - - - - - - Comm.7 69.10 0.01 4.33 730.05 720.42 1.54 -2.03 250.8 -2.55 59.8 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 679.22 - 6.30 3411.3 307.2 0.71 143. 7.43 0.65 1767.37 88.21 148.24 68.01 0.67 1.4 - - 0.84 2.78 96.14 0.9 0.81 244.46 1.82 -4.01 122.96 3569.9 17.53 3.28 0.69 4.96 18.55 83.7 40.10 0.1 1.87 24.82 - 5.25 0.21 2.87 131.00 61.82 4.93 20.0 - - 0.04 3.95 77.56 246.1 2.67 81.42 538.26 6.81 69.28 - 4.70 -3.71 -1.61 349.04 9.86 -1.25 5.71 4.87 67.48 -1.0 0.2 76.24 48.75 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .25 1075.01 7.9 62.5 180.4 491.67 728.4 2.14 -17.98 0.11 9.64 9.08 10.02 1648.80 64.9 129.6 1.8 -2.06 810.69 47.55 0.83 729.29 915.17 59.17 118.58 134.8 20.60 62.07 240.87 -0.81 430.86 158.21 2.6 - - 0.06 16.12 0.07 0.2 -6.12 3.26 9.6 650. .74 223.58 2862.61 2995.48 -0.8 4.13 545.23 1103.91 3506. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 283.28 223.36 251.6 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.84 167.08 0.27 0.00 146.0 3.85 IEA TOTAL 11.2 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 940.42 57.31 1137.65 245.03 484.65 3.13 0.84 1526.98 875.92 125.8 0.23 1041.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .92 1.23 82.5 -1.18 21.85 1.40 474.75 114.03 1.43 0.06 0.6 10.28 0.00 0.80 104.19 777.67 138.29 203. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.61 5.52 11.37 158.1 3.20 11.45 1038.61 787.35 131.41 3528.19 271.43 3.0 301.01 1065.46 1113.44 243.80 755.26 4.14 2.9 1.2 5.10 793.4 55.64 0.23 5.62 40.05 0.26 265.03 30.0 244.83 291.85 691.88 22.IV.0 2.0 2.6 320.9 0.20 104.

19 0.8 1.77 25.19 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .22 18.08 1.21 0.15 0.12 0.14 4.36 353.32 6. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 537.21 0.3 1.35 0.52 32.24 0.75 21.03 0.9 -4.97 238.10 0.37 47.4 1.19 2.20 15.25 2.47 1.4 15.88 3.19 3.09 0.95 4.0 -1.7 -1.93 50.12 704.63 2.54 19.4 -1.31 338.0 -1.5 2.74 1.4 -5.16 1.14 0.88 1.6 -16.74 252.57 576.37 23. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.28 15.71 0.0 0. .03 12.96 0.01 1.3 3.09 88.01 1.78 40.03 2.73 4.60 0.19 13.75 1.01 1.33 92.80 166.3 4.00 4. paraffin waxes.7 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 42.32 256.0 51.56 0.21 0.18 0.8 -3.2 1.06 112.95 0.83 144. This includes use of products such as white spirit.32 2.14 6.97 0.IV.62 36.35 279.1 -11.38 72.31 2.52 32.16 0.05 46.58 0.20 45.86 0.52 0.49 3.0 7.38 7.86 .29 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 -2.34 0.17 2.56 0.01 1.47 681.47 59.06 0.60 11.87 21.31 46.34 0.8 -3.76 267.12 0.4 23.43 4.81 668.12 4.9 2.99 1.25 12.53 123.49 59.34 47.9 -4.29 197.72 22.06 0.61 243.60 4.7 -1.0 5.01 6.00 0.94 14.4 2.70 46.0 0.97 0.27 60.9 7.36 0.63 0.5 -27.98 7.8 0.16 42.2 217.21 0.63 194.06 0.3 1.81 18.6 5.22 0.45 357.16 23.95 -3.62 0.15 1.42 0.01 1.33 16.1 6.27 92.47 1.03 4.96 143.77 5.7 21.2 1.23 2. lubricants and bitumen.00 1.54 1.07 0.29 15.10 264.92 210.08 47.64 31.70 61.36 0.0 -0.76 24.44 6.27 7.83 1.20 7.96 270.7 -1.5 5.1 0.75 542.10 87.02 7. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.89 2.29 0.38 44.93 4.03 63.48 18.54 1.81 27.73 44.0 Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 62.94 3.03 15.8 9.73 118.07 0.28 57.00 1.10 3.4 -26.58 173.75 353.54 0.2 2.08 3.1 3.68 0.42 0.54 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 11.75 11. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.7 14.96 8.54 19.14 0.2 -0.03 0.99 241. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.03 13.21 4.98 5.05 76. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.79 13.87 691.05 0.

34 76.07 107.39 132.17 19.67 7.82 70.91 6.18 8.23 390.61 Iron and steel 160.78 71.13 12.55 13.87 6.70 741.85 20.29 18.50 231.96 136.74 13.98 20.00 2915.50 162.48 2830.44 196.25 22.47 14.47 290.52 2127.54 51.47 120.10 180.01 59.26 265.31 Non-ferrous metals 223.59 Food and tobacco 85.96 3637.05 92.31 334.50 93.99 9.84 102.69 17.02 Chem.06 16.93 582.33 348.50 Paper.97 28.96 215.12 4.87 IEA TOTAL TFC (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2764.50 234.68 47.59 Food and tobacco 7. and petrochemical 102.59 346.52 Transport equipment 14.76 17.74 91.42 16.48 79.50 29.81 3.72 15.61 2995.17 342.03 258.34 79.58 44.82 27.23 111.42 538.87 24.45 66.51 148.56 2598.65 21.95 97.83 24.68 277.07 16.93 Non-ferrous metals 19.74 Construction 0.99 288.56 118.25 20.80 15.38 15.72 105.86 Non-metallic minerals 66.42 507.10 22.08 8.75 15.68 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.68 Non specified/other 20.85 296.44 Machinery 28.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .91 17.93 13.30 124.04 159.12 Total industry (Mtoe) 156.38 7.58 2862.94 25.00 231.71 85.27 411.44 2503.21 Non specified/other 381.86 6.52 32.10 793.67 167.49 26.63 21.49 30.63 290.17 16.42 43.99 Mining and quarrying 13.06 68. and petrochemical 382.49 19.45 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.91 17.99 28.48 362.47 66.28 18. pulp and printing 62.40 89.93 557.84 10.43 Food and tobacco 38.35 50.71 11.77 7.15 6.41 6.11 776.93 173.79 23.61 60.02 89.89 21.87 77.78 Textile and leather 24.38 7.35 103.93 85.65 55.41 3528.62 39.72 233.24 23.57 21.37 Paper.47 206.17 9.IV.58 0.30 102.55 271.67 21.86 44.89 Machinery Paper.97 15.37 12.81 43.10 301.23 327.51 25.79 366.91 3506.30 50.60 15.33 1.53 16.51 49.57 93.03 19.91 333.67 70.32 25.51 Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery 67.94 112.38 174.61 331.49 5.14 33.50 Mining and quarrying 56.34 6.58 32.95 14.77 1.68 Chem.71 28.18 87.97 8.85 86.46 Mining and quarrying 4.30 3411.71 55.18 231.12 32.63 24.40 32.32 72. pulp and printing Total industry (TWh) 1816.16 290.81 24.51 22.42 306.74 223.70 8.78 46.96 28.55 31.36 Non-ferrous metals 29.22 182.19 113.34 250.49 125.88 29.88 57.48 56.72 8.83 1.37 80.49 84.98 358.84 19.55 97.60 71.95 5.80 10.94 21.77 118.85 5. 95.20 810.29 915.33 24.51 Chem.96 25. 2012 12.46 Wood and wood products 2.68 42.81 71.00 7.73 8.70 30.33 9.66 33.46 Iron and steel 22.96 163.10 24.80 43.45 4.91 81.77 377.22 288.28 57.56 21.32 4.65 695.89 504.40 94.21 10.77 10.71 1.21 69.71 20.48 Total industry (Mtoe) 940.70 3004.96 373.11 584.61 155.64 191.57 10.06 842.67 773.13 50.44 243.78 89.18 6.04 14.67 728.97 21. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 242.46 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 320.00 56.16 5.19 777.76 32.69 324.05 787.05 16.79 16.39 322.09 19.52 197.98 Wood and wood products Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment 5.37 298.63 Construction 10.79 31.13 207.19 Iron and steel 256.19 27.05 3569.25 402.97 15.93 23.10 162.33 50.10 13.12 158.23 69.25 76.18 1.34 13.05 48.25 182.00 104.43 378.91 24. and petrochemical 32. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .05 3081.05 107.90 154. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.74 73.79 76.73 64.36 161.48 72.22 231.62 4.90 19.30 356.79 6.03 567.92 14.98 875.38 12.97 38.88 35.17 119.69 149.01 19.25 62.89 Textile and leather 7.99 114.38 125.84 41.76 46.45 221.40 24.87 1.94 9.

R. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 94 163 652 15 - - 545 Turkmenistan - 320 - Lativia Russian Federation - - - 215 - - 182 - - 3454 303 - - - 252 720 586 1252 10362 11059 11931 11847 75 544 - 633 450 505 685 2176 4614 4710 3210 2347 291 1028 1694 1499 1322 © OECD/IEA. of Macedonia - - United States 750 Georgia - - Lithuania - - Romania 1428 955 46 49 Serbia 649 115 - - Ukraine 3795 8326 54127 Non-specified/others 46335 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 Total from OECD .88 . Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 87427 139668 254772 257573 341641 408315 399950 372018 375400 Imports from: 35708 74116 212294 247602 329026 386001 374633 346604 349137 Austria 498 991 6910 8597 12517 17310 16863 19826 18503 Belgium 89 7810 4488 3550 4452 9038 6544 11289 11826 Canada 16848 30181 20555 44503 48515 50118 55732 51109 43763 Czech Republic - Denmark Estonia 289 - - 2975 6116 18634 26350 19986 22225 21449 1372 4940 5648 8177 11172 11006 10174 11741 - - - - 1921 2250 1785 1967 Finland 260 1163 362 276 1004 2675 3147 3085 4719 France 2496 4338 55503 77740 77719 66323 56967 43322 48741 Germany 1238 5067 22161 27167 39909 61138 59782 51146 56858 Greece - - 174 209 2192 2312 Hungary - - 696 Ireland - - Italy 318 Luxembourg - Mexico - - 212 622 843 243 722 238 30 41 53 152 85 146 253 357 470 2416 3369 1476 1093 965 778 738 2084 1629 1868 1845 736 - - - 1951 2257 77 1278 1287 1082 1320 215 3906 3499 3902 4031 5568 9272 10511 12772 Norway 5401 1503 16413 8573 20486 14370 15700 13867 5776 Poland - 828 7878 7150 9658 13076 9632 9820 7514 514 1697 1742 3767 2153 1314 2801 3189 5017 Netherlands Portugal 78 Slovak Republic 778 2484 8825 9058 7487 6063 Slovenia - 303 - 1363 816 4554 3817 5599 7240 8066 Spain 2239 3631 3606 3031 5293 10748 12405 9941 9315 Sweden 549 20 1321 14605 8627 12955 15992 16480 10632 14581 Switzerland 3071 7247 23354 26168 29785 35651 31559 32365 31636 Turkey - - United Kingdom - - - 89 - - 736 96 19 45 46 1234 3806 1676 4299 4870 2249 2940 17781 7422 15342 19380 23864 18163 18686 Total from non-OECD 5384 11425 18244 9971 12324 21286 23623 23915 24941 Albania - 151 165 198 50 61 404 Azerbaijan - - 125 156 Belarus - - Bulgaria - Croatia - - F.IV.Y.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 13. 1 1 - 4364 4293 4628 3418 - - 5 12 93 1188 3810 3856 176 - - - - 4839 891 - 216 - - - - 4755 496 612 - - 12160 3502 24234 - 554 901 204 283 4531 - - (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.

Y. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .IV. 117 178 256 - 154 - 9 122 15 58 Turkmenistan 573 389 - 205 4472 - - - - 5300 3309 111 95 6 - 118 54 1 - 258 - 6537 - - - - 88 491 - 8 - - - - - - - 379 - 3044 105 - 308 - 146 - 1189 3430 2653 1364 - - - - - 392 24 10 17 4 2850 1263 1718 1334 53045 18768 457 2837 7264 7927 8442 8004 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 81441 124551 229979 250375 339423 404051 386299 356694 355147 Exports to: 45184 71313 209320 248364 329168 381574 367245 340512 341728 Austria 614 1067 7789 9750 13922 23436 22333 21869 21805 Belgium 1320 1086 2322 6058 11557 15848 17021 9507 12427 Canada 2570 3461 19936 7992 12685 19559 23499 17490 18482 Czech Republic - - Denmark 918 1841 - 47 4405 8699 10209 8523 8234 6685 12106 3825 8571 10225 12432 10490 10260 - - - 6481 3873 8365 Estonia - Finland 4136 France 2686 9845 7019 3256 3676 10358 10563 19460 20463 Germany 3211 3930 24998 39439 45612 43379 38627 38127 40816 678 Greece - - Hungary - - Ireland - - - - - 233 1288 7826 - 10 87 246 2933 1885 2025 1218 1810 311 67 10513 8304 7407 5946 133 1382 373 452 378 Italy 761 1425 34226 37900 40408 45868 38857 40462 38810 Luxembourg 913 1073 4364 5651 6409 5725 5666 5000 5384 Mexico - 590 1154 1993 584 699 648 625 Netherlands 1288 10 12657 15497 21835 23149 25231 15562 15486 165 991 407 1911 1231 4144 1824 4815 13258 4 13 4088 2494 7100 7673 7071 6173 2342 1734 2661 4698 9650 10753 7608 5823 6695 Norway Poland - Portugal 132 Slovak Republic Slovenia - - 21 3290 552 - Spain 322 3652 4602 2101 5967 13476 7830 8762 - 2089 2805 3307 1733 1309 2594 2136 2337 3209 7632 12271 9060 5884 6782 5183 Sweden 5256 1825 12749 8221 17688 17494 14686 15468 16801 Switzerland 3893 5540 21694 19083 24070 34410 31317 30751 32782 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States - - - - - - 161 22 11925 16330 14768 9412 13722 7888 8583 16286 30184 18130 43444 50983 50331 55336 51782 44389 193 1891 1554 7418 15213 11127 7740 5415 541 391 1111 1773 1657 1035 495 437 15 - - Total to non-OECD 60 Albania - - Azerbaijan - - - Belarus - - - Bulgaria - - Croatia - - - F.R.89 IEA TOTAL 14. of Macedonia - - - Georgia - - Lativia - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - Romania Russian Federation 30 2 - Serbia - - Ukraine - Non-specified/others 36197 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 Total to OECD .

.. . . Combined cycle .. .20 2224. (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters. .. . ... ... .05 4..20 2323. .... .. . .. . .. . ..80 1564.. ....52 346. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993. .. . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.... Type of generation Steam ..g.47 1.... . . .IV.. . ... . .37 119. . .... .01 0. ..56 311.26 0.. ... .24 0..... .. fuel cells) - - - 0.77 275.. . . ... Gas turbine .. . .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA TOTAL 15.. Liquid fuels ..83 75..60 5. .46 0.99 878... . .. . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 915. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.49 1725.. . .. .73 1025.82 311. . .. . ..13 112.81 95.. .99 49. .23 415. .. ..42 949. .... . .... Biofuels & waste .. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. .34 16. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .08 0..63 1457... .. .43 Hydro Solar Tide..26 0.54 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products . ..82 421. . . . . .26 0.50 2270. . ...31 4. . Peak load ...26 0.18 1013. .90 ..56 Geothermal 0... . . . . .63 2.. ..09 of which: pumped storage 2. . . ...36 17.30 10.18 0. .93 1275. . Solid / natural gas . . .. .54 391.. ...78 94. Liquid / natural gas . . . ..27 95.49 2379.73 94. ..56 1. .08 1481. . wave... ....24 0.91 265..70 2... .98 4.03 85.. . Solid / liquid / gas ..64 377.69 310. .78 30. ..48 162.65 699. . . . . .. Other ...14 417.28 92.16 293. .. . ..... .49 1434.45 0...17 0... ....41 1..11 14..12 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 52. ..05 0. . . .44 420...91 310.49 - - 0. Internal combustion . Available capacity . .30 300.... . .96 Other (e. .. ocean Wind - - 0.. . ...46 83.24 1412. Korea before 1994 and for Slovak Republic before 1995.. Natural gas . ...84 1700.88 4.26 128.. .32 3. .. . ..26 0..26 0..

. .. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993.18 16.. . .01 0. .95 0.. . . .68 0..03 1.. ..63 3. .. .66 149..... ... ....... ... .. .88 4.... .... .. .. . .27 0.. ...... .... . . Internal combustion . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. . .83 269. Korea before 1996 and Slovak Republic before 2001. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid ... ... . . .. .27 10..59 3.. ... .91 IEA TOTAL 15.. . .48 10. . . .23 of which: pumped storage - - 0..61 128...04 0. (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters.. .64 10. Available capacity ..55 1. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 66.. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 1. . . .97 3...... Gas turbine . .. . ....77 167. ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . ..04 0. ...69 Tide. .... . ....79 163. .64 4..23 139.10 14. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . . .. .70 0... Peak load . .09 0. .64 0.IV..09 1. ... Liquid fuels . . .64 287. . .. ...10 Geothermal - 0..35 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products .27 0. .84 131. .. . ..12 0...23 0.17 - - - - 12. Natural gas . .. Solid / natural gas .57 3.07 0.g. .. ....92 7.05 0..04 0.. . . .. ..11 0.... ..40 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear Hydro 0..59 4...03 0.. .57 2.. ..98 73.45 104. ..16 3. .. Combined cycle .34 58. .15 0.. ... . .17 54. . .. . .. ... . . . . Type of generation Steam . .. Solid / liquid / gas . . Other .47 0.62 145.. . .11 0.23 151. .20 13. .34 0. . . . . Liquid / natural gas . . . wave. . .17 16. fuel cells) - - - 0... . ..... INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. ... .. ... .92 Other (e. ..04 Solar - - 0. Biofuels & waste . .66 124..13 138.88 130. .. .21 18. . . ..

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

75 50 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.4%) 1887.IV.8%) Transport (0.5%) Transport (0.3%) Residential (37./pub.5%) 2010 Other (0.4 TWh Industry (24.4%) Residential (33./cons. 2012 TWh 1200 Production/Consumption Product 1600 . Total final consumption by fuel 6000 2000 1800 5000 1600 1400 4000 1000 TWh Mtoe 1200 800 3000 2000 600 400 1000 200 0 1971 1976 1981 Electricity Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 Hydro 2006 2011 Other Figure 4.&heat Figure 5. (34./population CO2/elec.3%) 4271. Electricity indicators Figure 3. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec./GDP Prod. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1./TFC Elec.5%) Industry (39. serv.25 1971=100 1 1000 800 150 1 100 600 400 0.9%) Other (3.5 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec. 1996 2001 2006 2010 1971 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .9 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.5%) Commerce / public serv. (25.93 IEA AMERICAS Figure 2. Electricity consumption by sector 250 1800 1.5 200 1400 1.

36 0.29 2123.24 277.60 14.54 2524.g.32 2.31 0.60 3684. (2) Net Imports = total imports .08 7.10 8. (2) In units of toe/per capita.21 0.06 7.47 484.59 1.92 7.TFC = electricity total final consumption.79 522.59 2800.7 39.29 1997.93 11.56 2.88 2.93 507.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 1.99 - 19.55 1.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 2235. 1.3 1.04 0.31 397.65 8712.29 1997.67 10. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.3 -0.16 2458. - (1) Includes wave.19 524.87 13.10 341. fuel cells).45 565.7 0.14 -0.7 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 5320.7 Coal 326.60 635.02 11..16 2458.27 6364.05 0..31 62.79 0. 8054 9235 10986 12719 12042 12415 . .77 2415. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators. wind.34 492.2 115 119 113 106 96 97 .54 2524.4 0.09 8.72 2468.79 0.57 49.22 347.94 .64 8.89 14476.70 102.20 344. Energy consumption.02 -0.96 621.10 13.01 52.4 2.2 Oil 896.18 0.84 242.41 84.1 - - 0.4 TPES (Mtoe) 551.20 4956.77 2415.9 2.4 0.51 -0.59 14220.03 13801.31 79..7 Nuclear 27.56 45.72 2468.78 226. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .62 -0.17 -2.7 188 166 129 110 93 92 90 -2.77 178.85 4631.36 869.40 52.86 239.8 -2.13 891. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.2 234.17 7.25 887. (3) Ele.6 1.16 8.0 1.1 8.87 313.26 237.0 0.11 4.88 885.24 0.69 3.61 55. ocean and other (e.28 507.82 613.7 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0.06 7.7 0.17 0.2 Natural gas 1.9 - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.07 -0.02 -0. 2.7 Biofuels & waste 45.4 -1.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.36 958.33 4962.0 1.07 659.46 100. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 TPES (Mtoe) 1889.45 833.4 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.92 95.15 0.7 1.4 -1.TFC/population(4) Elec.49 12158.IV.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.8 .41 8.78 60.1 .50 2. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 1889.14 70. -0.76 11.48 4779.43 252.29 2123.. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.

6 149.5 . - 0.3 80..2 1668.4 330. .7 1781.5 108..8 822.7 0.0 17.8 55.8 661.0 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Wind Combustible fuels Coal - - 3.9 727. electric boilers and pumped storage.7 881.0 -0.7 2930..7 29.1 76.0 580.4 80..4 4271. traction and lighting purposes.1 2407.9 2247..1 2.0 - - .5 118.0 630.0 645.4 3097. - - -0.7 3051.5 7.1 0. Tide.3 1053.9 63.1 15. ..4 304.5 . 1834.0 .0 188.8 66.7 1510.9 1473.8 4369.3 4107.0 585.9 2930.4 4979. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.6 4403.0 15.0 0.2 2252.2 Solar - - 0.4 632. wave. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps. Nuclear .8 4658.5 .9 2652.Own use by power plant Net production 2128.7 667.6 16.9 .6 10.6 245.3 0.6 0. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 2235..4 2328.0 0.0 0.0 -0.3 3497..8 326.Transmission & distr.1 655.9 33.8 90.2 1286.2 4716..0 2653.7 2800.5 4.5 93.6 4.6 38.9 80.9 1954.7 3700.8 892.1 0.2 802.g.7 15.4 80. ocean .. - (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.IV. 16.1 379.3 79.. fuel cells) .8 32.3 929.. 5..7 139.4 16.7 311. Electrical energy supplied .8 1330. wave.Used for pumped storage 0.6 .7 391.1 .g.8 4215. 287.8 1100. 480..6 661.. losses . Geothermal .7 276.1 14.3 4746. 751.9 64.7 65.8 638.2 . Commercial & publ.0 3318.9 .3 69.5 228.3 63.7 63.9 19.2 637.2 27.1 .. 7.0 0. 51.4 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 381. Other (e.3 4986.9 1069.1 1464.0 240.0 2128.6 868.9 4390.7 1961.4 4694.5 67...6 0.7 1. fuel cells) .4 947. - - - 0.0 277. Final consumption 1887.2 70.0 226.9 0.1 .3 3145.3 1.8 + Imports 19.Statistical difference Industry Transport Agriculture & fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. - 3.9 104.7 78.9 24.2 530.0 .2 1510.5 631.5 9.3 667. ocean - - 0.9 1978.1 1410..1 4..3 3476.8 883.1 3113.9 112.6 1592.1 2.0 0.2 684.5 46.6 942.8 17.4 961.4 . 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.4 4662.8 .2 23.0 0.1 2263.3 Hydro 460.7 Nuclear 104.1 14.2 22.0 0.1 0.95 IEA AMERICAS 3.8 920. Other (e. serv.1 133.8 .6 9.6 4093.0 .7 1.. - 0.6 18.3 .0 84.8 11.1 33..6 0.1 15.4 4920..2 9.7 3981.5 104.0 4574.0 32.3 150.1 5.5 1345. Wind .2 255.6 0.5 107.6 60.1 40.4 1135.Energy industry consumption(2) 1939.0 0.8 4547.4 .9 11. . Solar .7 140.8 817.8 8.0 2..9 26.7 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.2 122.3 1302. Hydro .2 156.4 63..1 1045.0 14.5 4802.4 7..1 2410.0 5.0 147.9 2082.2 993. Residential 631.5 3176.5 902.Used for electric boilers - - - - - - - 29.5 5.7 147.1 3133.4 203.7 11...0 - - - - 0.1 Oil 345.5 5. 527.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0 0.8 1034.3 Tide.Exports 18.1 4228.7 .Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .6 912. Total consumption . Combustible fuels .9 25.9 19.3 ..3 4350..0 0.6 22. - 0.2 .6 3128.6 3291.4 8.1 331.0 .6 870.

5 2201. from chemical heat).07 38.2 1.15 10.58 969.11 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.48 4983. 45.68 37.85 2800.08 4.12 - - - - - - 32.5 .3 0.35 9.96 25.44 574.11 49.4 39.22 201.46 2.2 - - - - - - - - - 39.57 - -0.37 3.53 4772.81 2. wind.38 1959.3 6.1 Main activity producers Gross production .18 36.76 0.77 274.17 3. (2) Includes wave.5 Natural gas 352.87 17.29 8.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.7 1.77 4658.62 16.38 12.29 1302.1 2240.57 55.26 4986.52 931.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 2201.60 3684.35 203.30 88.93 24.26 0.93 3412.73 30.9 -1.04 14.3 Hydro Geothermal Solar.72 28. fuel cells.7 2.25 532.96 2800.60 5.10 15.58 139.05 17.IV.10 15.12 46.61 1756.18 36.5 Hydro 482.67 610.13 4780.80 2191.28 900.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.30 929.9 -1.8 -0.89 2762.60 42.01 499.2 Coal 0.39 22.03 3428.58 8.8 1.52 584.49 60.70 3700.6 0.2 15.73 213.81 93.22 684.22 201.73 0.18 1.99 2.42 25.10 14.05 36.07 38. ocean and other sources (e.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - - 0.92 4779.98 106.89 25.24 18.67 272.76 920.7 Natural gas 2.03 6.35 203.44 870.73 213.2 Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .2 -5.85 4631.16 89.70 4577.30 100.3 - - 6.92 26.3 50.65 81.70 2.60 11. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 2240.g.34 36. tide(2) - - 0. wind.18 0.43 7.34 33.37 5009.17 - Coal 899.03 4806.14 4419.61 861.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 4.11 0.83 124. . tide(2) (1) Electricity generated = gross production .89 25.07 25.37 -1.23 -5.99 0.64 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 Oil 328.89 93.7 2.0 Oil 3.51 35.1 3.32 22.0 -0.42 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .64 239.33 4962.92 - - - - - - - - 3.67 272.90 375.61 42.2 1.6 1.64 239.38 576.76 2222.7 Nuclear 135.61 39.60 4748.99 37.90 2057.5 2.19 103.47 287.21 33.95 304.25 4.52 11.31 4802.2 Biofuels & waste 1.22 595.3 0.39 22.52 2.22 4392.59 10.49 35.5 Geothermal Solar.09 4600.9 -1.78 2761.92 26.96 .8 1.93 24.07 55.20 3.10 - -3.67 45.7 0.38 12.

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0 -0.2 0. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified - - Total Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 257151 e 232136 e 195265 e 192351 e 203011 e - 419 3 416 37660 e 117011 e 47934 46903 45290 23 708 7483 7761 8059 22 22 103 264 235 258 37637 e 116303 e 40165 e 38885 e 36870 e -1.97 IEA AMERICAS 5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only. .IV.1 Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified - - - 381 1 380 412 2 410 - Other Commerce and pub.9 34.0 -14.1 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 1980 5924 7991 - - - 4203 e 32087 6670 17128 4203 e 8289 35800 6314 17566 11920 37064 6721 18353 11990 - 5924 5924 7991 7991 219491 219491 110922 e 114825 54298 261 409 92 2724 4911 43399 1360 258 110922 e 7113 109267 53242 203 254 51 2122 5051 40670 1327 370 5977 120245 58158 216 208 43 2088 5779 41295 1355 570 10533 -3.

.IV... . . - - - - . 7... . Oil . Coal . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 43140 129895 359761 290819 559634 527239 549864 7. 9181 29596 41029 37464 39893 . ... .. .. ....... - - - - - .. Total - 15659 2014 2014 2112 2112 . comb... Electric boilers Other sources(1) . - - - - .... - - - - - ..98 .. comb.. ... Heat pumps . ... 81572 50316 104037 102689 103373 . .. 27118 16708 47442 44047 .. .... . 9181 29596 41029 37464 . ... .. fuels . .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) .... . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties..9 Nuclear .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . 2014 2014 2112 2112 . - - - - . . ... - - - - ... - - - - . ... ....3 Nuclear . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. comb.. - - - - - . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .. Chemical processes ....... Geothermal . .. .. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 6.. . Oil .. .. Geothermal . - - - - . Non-spec. Biofuels & waste .... . . - - - - . Non-spec. Total Biofuels & waste . Heat pumps . . ... - - - - .. - - - - ... ..5 Nuclear . Coal . .... - - - - .. .. 29132 18722 49554 46159 42143 . ..... - - - - . of which: Main activity producers Total 43140 114236 357747 288805 557522 525127 .. . Natural gas . - - - - - . Chemical processes ... . .... .... Natural gas .... Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.. fuels . . . Geothermal . . ... - - - - . - - - - - ... .. - - - - . .. - - - - - . .. -9.. Oil .. . Chemical processes .. fuels . Coal .. . - - - - .. . .. . 239876 192185 365014 340927 . . .... Autoproducers Biofuels & waste .. 239876 192185 365014 340927 364455 . Non-spec.. 81572 50316 104037 102689 .. - - - - .. Natural gas .. . .. . Heat pumps . ..... - - - - . - - - - - . . .. - - - - . .

27 55.IV.21 307.47 - 11.31 79.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .00 0.78 226.81 682.95 9...81 .35 179. 457.78 1.68 31.7 Oil 84.3 Non-Thermal Total 39.60 13.63 676.27 458.72 12.3 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.57 20.4 Tide.1 39.00 0.51 5. 17.0 of which: main activity prod.31 21. 10.11 250.1 .31 729.42 84.75 2.36 61. -5.00 0.57 49.01 52. 86.26 0.19 11.03 529.23 3. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 29.00 0.34 91.11 4.64 23.94 8.00 - 0.81 13.86 66.7 0.0 Total . 2012 described in the introductory information.66 87.4 Wind Other (e.44 580.24 196.00 - 19.9 0.7 -2.7 1. 0.56 45.g.52 13.04 32...4 Natural gas 87.07 417.41 456.91 11.84 242.37 192.5 2.62 182..38 62.41 675.99 IEA AMERICAS 7A.17 10.23 177. .60 144.22 647.34 0. 0.27 0.3 0.15 0.26 11.48 15.3 3.79 1.7 27. 5.86 242.57 49..50 13..30 34. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 - - 0..28 53. 1.06 459.3 1.4 -3.44 510. wave.49 514.41 30.88 483.60 239.77 12.1 Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 1.80 13. fuel cells) - - 0.11 0.67 -5.68 517.61 54.57 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.98 248.24 11.85 714.14 63.14 21.06 412.08 166.58 127.01 22.39 732.30 0. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 397.54 13.77 478. ocean Hydro - - 0.49 .37 518. 63.3 Combustible fuels Biofuels & waste 1.06 0..45 .57 7.25 .77 178.34 40.56 45.82 239.5 Coal .7 Oil .58 250.3 Natural gas .97 .40 52..54 0.14 163.86 7.98 704. 307.3 Coal 225.7 -4.12 59.11 6. 7B.

.0 Fuel input (TJ) - 9138 10421 17178 15050 21683 4.IV.100 .4 Electricity production (GWh) - 2517 e 4613 e 8141 e 8700 e 9349 6. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 2902892 1491949 1206624 549893 456213 438883 -5.2 0.9 Industrial waste Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 162000 e 219034 e 245673 e 242100 e 241385 2.8 4104270 3115611 4632581 6330689 6571618 7104782 4.8 0. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.9 277011 141666 119232 51355 45215 42856 -5.8 Brown coal 53019 100889 108847 108164 95454 99738 -0. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.5 Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels 2796300 * Excludes CHP plants.9 51 1188 379 233 340 10.0 Electricity production (GWh) - 9693 14561 e 15153 e 14967 e 14945 2.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) 9630 258964 e 184654 e 217506 209926 238873 -0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 801533 1579605 1678476 1694918 1500033 1571140 -0.4 Electricity production (GWh) 1300 15368 17877 16743 17054 18879 1.2 Fuel input (TJ) - 30950 e 58319 e 96501 e 99833 e 106429 6.0 Petroleum products 65796 32621 28701 14194 11781 11562 -5.0 73097 143310 154372 174348 149091 157709 0.8 Electricity production (GWh) 1961102 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.4 Electricity production (GWh) - 749 923 1429 1426 1598 3. 2206146 e 2769033 e 3017463 e 2954640 1.2 379655 291999 449606 741923 780577 839841 5. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 637760 e 820878 e 2008 2009 866663 777244 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 491319 Fuel input (1000 t) 12580392 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 1229549 812844 15561830 e 19583700 e 19377595 e 17227510 e 18091849 e 1600793 e 2006661 e 2007992 e 1779037 e 1869123 e 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 8.5 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) 356 Electricity production (GWh) 33 e 577 e 13541 e 8266 4243 6526 12.

(2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 8.5 2.9 12790 1325 2191 12296 e 1144 e 1112 e 14568 e 1443 e 1049 e 15524 1387 1924 - 358926 e 358380 e 324469 e 566219 e 317295 e 558223 e 336897 525828 2.9 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 1153493 e 57006 - 388431 32074 9489 225001 31082 28358 222928 30227 30839 231045 31363 26954 -7.9 4.9 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 13083 e 1037 e 633 e 40737 e 2319 e 15884 e 33304 e 1998 e 12033 e 34740 e 2106 e 12437 e 31454 1842 12063 4.3 0.101 IEA AMERICAS 9.0 4.7 -2. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.6 - 1147018 99324 7601 2078966 218156 239876 e 1934630 209165 382375 1908755 213308 365014 2041075 229949 340927 2. 204493 e 112485 e 1246 e 18583 e 3134 e - 2008 - (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.IV.3 13.2 - - - - - - - - 83858 e 6323 - 45083 3545 10540 32604 2370 8167 38442 3207 7540 - 77 3358 5451 2943 4020 145927 13940 9181 e 3074 118184 15268 42152 3161 121817 15608 41029 2279 91841 12627 37464 18.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 283 12311 e 8618 e Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 22654 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.6 2.5 18.3 20. 2012 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Average annual percent change 1990-2010 . Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) 1990 2000 - 11445 302045 35063 19742 e e e e Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 1096 16154 2651 258 e e e e - - - - 30402 788540 75408 81572 e e e e 2009 2010 24841 565326 e 58352 e 85898 e 22012 489858 e 48127 e 95870 e 23375 524444 e 51750 e 95149 e 3.9 15.9 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 71583 3961 - 58985 6247 187 35515 3915 3751 38004 4106 3818 44934 4772 3807 -2.8 2.5 8.

IV.1 Heat production (TJ) - 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e 1411 0. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 (2) Total combustible fuels Heat production (TJ) Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.102 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 10. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - 1411 0. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Hard coal and patent fuel Brown coal Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Natural gas(1) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 2629 e 2629 e 2375 e 2591 e 2591 -0.

57 39.92 1.47 238.3 55.84 2.64 75.80 29.1 0.64 0.1 2.69 0.05 -0.95 387.93 18.7 0.7 86.19 0.32 24.22 0.30 596.12 - - - - - - - - 430.69 31.5 0.9 4.42 0.11 0.1 0.88 -4.62 1696.0 -1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 0. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 165.72 69.77 1.5 189.74 511.35 74.71 93.92 29.13 752.08 874.84 82.04 32.97 115.12 1.04 21.48 632.3 34.72 7.95 363.04 61.27 2.98 126.59 1.25 452.3 769.17 6.2 0.37 26.61 160.69 640.15 -2.5 1.29 -1.8 - - 0.08 0.28 39.97 1738.10 1.86 36.9 0.38 657.63 346.63 4.55 1.7 -2.08 - - - - - - - - - - - 3.89 1.11 0.2 - - - - - - - - - Comm.59 38.45 342.43 21.42 1.31 2.74 43.93 1.20 867.30 381.85 180.86 125.98 6.09 7.55 58.0 1.64 11.62 36.03 2.39 - -2.03 2.65 0.38 18.30 0.79 6.12 0.84 33.22 - -2.36 -3.24 367.62 81.59 1649.16 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .94 -1.70 821.09 0.38 22.31 591.103 IEA AMERICAS 11.1 - - - 3.1 162.33 231.0 0.00 0. & public serv.38 60.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0. 1.11 - - - - - - - - - - - 65.37 1.37 346.8 16.51 -2.96 25.32 54.15 769.20 33.96 18.16 0.5 390.96 26.61 127. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 1446.7 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 439. .51 839.8 4.85 75.24 82.81 67.36 17.57 1735.46 0.10 0.31 19.41 1452.0 0.78 80.73 232.30 81.68 1466.35 617.73 4.4 5.65 89.73 1.71 -2.34 0.89 353.25 5.59 126.87 469.39 - - 79.1 - - - 1.29 413.28 22.52 33.27 101.52 0.7 -3.90 370.26 133.12 37.3 0.3 45.5 -1.21 - - 41.38 437.0 - - - 0.89 37.67 7.24 2. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.99 220.0 -2.02 52.73 126.89 17.84 88.60 -4.62 -1.00 1.74 157.58 28.7 11.18 310.75 616.46 - - 0.38 2.1 2.24 0.37 1.08 51.27 262.2 - - - 0.99 -0.IV.46 110.19 137.32 200.7 0.32 20.30 18.80 1.77 61.9 64.10 1.99 -0.06 36.33 333.57 83.84 16.59 530.43 1.9 1.07 167.8 - - - 1.00 0.49 330.3 0.45 14.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .37 370.44 1.69 373.39 48.99 83.56 642.7 65.6 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 447.2 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.

41 0.23 18.00 294.26 12.7 -1.4 2.91 0.37 0.96 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 11.00 - 238. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.39 0.60 1.07 173.2 2.03 113.13 119.88 157.1 0.3 0.3 -1.81 - 0.48 0.00 19.9 -5.7 - - - - - - - - - 96.98 - -0.97 1.44 - 19.03 1. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products. .70 0.60 134.7 -0.2 -3.03 15.44 1.09 12.02 161.49 90.98 0.00 299.35 8.9 0.6 0.27 0.42 - 16.4 11.19 1.5 - -2.91 69.4 3.99 1.104 .99 14.7 0.03 1.59 0.59 0.15 16.00 18. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.94 3.37 148.1 - 1.21 114.91 1.91 0.34 0.79 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .07 124.04 1.74 0.48 0.37 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV.1 - Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 17.53 20.52 136.4 43.3 -1.65 52.00 25.63 0. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.03 14. This includes use of products such as white spirit.62 0.67 - 17.99 12.36 0.20 118.51 0.44 7.28 - 243.83 0.03 113.1 -26.09 0.97 4.37 0.00 18.61 129.96 11.41 15.36 35.73 12.00 24.25 0.82 0.22 1.52 1.31 125.87 11. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 262.49 0.15 130.44 - 300.4 - Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 17.03 25.57 84.46 0.78 132.15 128.54 0.89 0.65 16.50 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.85 - 24.8 - 0.39 - 294.49 0.00 20. lubricants and bitumen. paraffin waxes.50 0.34 5.88 1.53 31.87 12.25 12.6 -4.91 54.07 1.01 1.82 0.36 17.30 16.74 13.24 1.

23 25.38 88.43 Machinery 51.08 95.14 7.77 16.80 17.59 9.29 30.47 78.75 77.11 15.70 6.93 131.20 22.00 29.90 10.12 5.98 3.79 Non-metallic minerals 8.60 32.53 20.65 287.75 32.57 1735.47 3.11 3.99 28.98 3.20 2.73 35.71 3.14 2.20 41.25 Non-metallic minerals 31.53 175. and petrochemical 12.70 346.32 200.31 36.65 12.36 3.13 282.97 1786.37 44.48 35.31 73.79 3.84 3.83 23.24 15.49 11.30 Chem.54 2.73 2.02 23.50 2.29 Non-metallic minerals 2.12 23.94 21.67 32.82 21.76 Transport equipment 5.77 22.74 28.105 IEA AMERICAS TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1446.71 2.66 13.71 96.02 68.41 1452.69 38.48 22.54 116.18 4.87 15.33 Iron and steel 47.07 3.41 77.49 2.46 10.15 223.48 93.96 3.85 Chem.38 7.88 180.29 26.98 18.06 38.92 33.39 16.77 8.83 2.50 Machinery 5.01 9.96 11.29 24.44 24.92 6.97 115.27 262.08 5.07 46.24 13.67 137.06 16.42 13.23 18.82 Machinery 4.94 Chem.50 266.62 439.49 2.37 64.96 28.84 4.06 147.62 72.36 6.31 273.64 61. pulp and printing 76.37 372.18 47. 2012 12.45 2.32 3.55 238.28 2.01 Food and tobacco 41.34 11.64 75.94 26.19 14.59 42.95 44.56 32.00 5.84 8.19 24.42 1121.67 6.77 7.65 Non-ferrous metals Construction Total industry (TWh) Iron and steel 123.89 Wood and wood products 19.33 70.14 260.75 8.97 Paper.06 5.58 30.91 25.54 6.84 82.42 Non-ferrous metals Textile and leather Non specified/other Electricity consumption (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) Iron and steel 10.09 134.67 31.38 64.33 6.25 6.50 24.87 3.22 15.34 79.67 2.92 20.65 37.78 137.22 85.84 751.01 38. and petrochemical 22.85 71.14 2.98 12.58 167.71 62.28 23.38 60.17 92. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction 8.03 Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 86.50 114.17 162.65 89.95 387.64 81.85 24.33 76.09 1045.39 59.04 3.49 330.47 24.40 3.52 7.40 99.62 8.89 353.95 - 1.32 119.05 3.89 14.46 Mining and quarrying 2.49 Wood and wood products 1.90 9.27 27.06 Food and tobacco Paper.59 1649.49 28.84 - - - - - - - - 36. and petrochemical 149.98 7.45 32.38 437.87 165. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .97 74.29 27.25 11.35 Non specified/other 7.28 5.38 122.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .38 12.60 6.62 2.81 10.62 40.19 28.20 19.71 30.53 57. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.63 Transport equipment 2.46 1738.68 1466.91 72.46 5.46 33.09 194.23 40.12 4.81 1034.85 62.25 Transport equipment 30.49 46.56 10.82 176.18 310.57 31.57 36.84 27.66 881.03 11.36 10.42 84.96 2.65 1.15 11.55 4.79 2.28 139.28 370.08 12.96 Food and tobacco 3.57 11.07 2.48 1.83 33.21 156.04 28.29 8.75 15.37 354.96 25.66 7.02 9.99 18.96 Mining and quarrying 34.85 29.21 3.19 Non-ferrous metals 12.62 1696.30 5.60 3.78 13.60 15.63 12.43 30.54 69.78 145.16 333.58 12.84 88.92 109.34 38.17 147.64 7.16 3.36 Mining and quarrying 4.83 85.00 6.73 2.91 1091.79 120.80 90.66 2.92 20.22 84.63 2. pulp and printing 6.43 59.13 6.24 367.91 18.83 10.52 22.IV.89 81.69 13.95 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.12 4.54 8.78 97.39 - - - - - - - - Textile and leather 3.16 11.35 7.95 22.33 5.49 1345.18 2.27 269.62 75.30 11.04 Paper.90 44.07 5.40 6.12 961.52 79. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.22 31.48 3.47 2.45 342.25 47.

Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 13.IV. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.Y. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 2012 Total from OECD .R.106 . Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 19097 33121 40287 54182 63934 70776 80883 70354 63769 19097 33121 40287 54182 63934 70776 80883 70354 63769 Imports from: Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada 16848 30181 20555 44503 48515 50118 55732 51109 43763 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - 1951 2257 1278 1287 1082 1320 Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - United States 2249 2940 17781 7422 77 15342 19380 23864 18163 18686 Total from non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F.

107 IEA AMERICAS 14. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .R.IV. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.Y. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 18856 33645 38656 52590 65661 70474 79534 69920 63496 18856 33645 38656 52590 65661 70474 79534 69920 63496 Exports to: Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada 2570 3461 Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - 1154 1993 Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom United States 16286 30184 19936 590 18130 7992 43444 12685 50983 19559 23499 584 - 699 - 50331 17490 55336 18482 648 51782 625 44389 Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. 2012 Total to OECD .

ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA AMERICAS 15. . . Solid / natural gas ...69 169. .. .61 114. .91 108.. ...05 - 0.... . ....75 2..02 0. . .... . . Solid / liquid / gas .29 27. . ..97 Tide. ocean - - 0. .... ...79 1136... . .38 118. . . .. .01 0.g...79 2. .02 0.02 37. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 471. Available capacity . . .66 1100.. . . Combined cycle ..108 .. Internal combustion . .05 518.23 2.. .. . ..71 0.16 115...51 805. . ... .76 699.. .. Other . . ..43 0.. ..06 22. . . . .. ..... . . .. .10 113.70 540.20 1122.. ...83 Hydro 32. ... . ... . . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.19 21.02 0. ... .. .. . .... .61 1.90 167.53 0.. . . .38 2.02 0..87 781.....81 168. . .. ....70 22. . . .02 724.30 455. fuel cells) - - - 0.98 156.57 of which: pumped storage - - 0.. . Peak load . ....... . ..03 0...02 0. . ..01 1. . ..86 170. .. Liquid fuels . .34 22.. ..03 0.21 2. ...33 62. . .07 527.. .. ...... . .48 113. ... . . .57 0. wave.41 Solar - - - 0..04 22.56 19..02 0. Liquid / natural gas ..67 113..15 787. .03 405... . Natural gas . . .48 815.. . ..96 154... ..69 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear 34. ..03 2. .70 788.38 Geothermal - 1.IV.55 798.... ..04 0. . .61 43.. .. ..02 Wind - - - 0. . ..95 1083.. ..... 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. . .10 Other (e.. . . . .. .. ... INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. ... Gas turbine .. .77 Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products .. ..47 18.. .. .27 145.36 113. Type of generation Steam . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . Biofuels & waste . .

25 76. Gas turbine ... . Internal combustion .51 Tide.87 7.28 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - 0.50 5.109 IEA AMERICAS 15.. . .... .. Available capacity .. ... .... . . . ..17 65. .. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . ... ..39 5.. ......40 6.. ... . . .. Liquid / natural gas .40 0... . . . . ..........82 199. .. . ... .... .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .00 5. Liquid fuels .85 11... ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 1. . Combined cycle ....17 0..80 31.. Solid / liquid / gas . .72 - - - - 0. ... . . . Type of generation Steam .86 49.. . . . ... ....77 7. ..02 - - - - - - 4. ... .IV.. . . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 5.94 1. . . . . ..... .53 of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - 1. . . . ..35 1. ..91 1.... . . Other . Natural gas ..35 0.68 32... . .. . . . . . .50 5..16 32..86 40.. . .. ....48 41. .. . . . . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. .00 38.42 5..66 39. .... .40 0... . . .63 187.. ...... . Solid / natural gas .47 2. ..06 1. ..47 1.g... . Biofuels & waste . .. . . . .60 38..... .. . .01 Other (e... . . ..88 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products . .. .44 0. . . . . .34 0.. .... . Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .22 - - - - - Solar - - 0........ fuel cells) - - - - - 0... . . Peak load . .. .08 1. . .44 31. ... .. . .. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage... . . . wave.. ... . .

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

5%) Industry (66.8%) 2010 Other (1.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.5%) Commerce / public serv.5%) Transport (2. (32.25 1 150 200 100 100 50 0.5 1.8%) Industry (38.2%) Other (0. Electricity indicators Figure 3./population CO2/elec. serv.75 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.111 IEA ASIA OCEANIA Figure 2./TFC Elec.7 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 1996 2001 2006 2011 Figure 4.IV. Electricity consumption by sector 2010 0.3%) Residential (26. 2012 TWh 1976 Production/Consumption Product Mtoe 500 . Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. (8./cons.0%) 496.&heat Figure 5. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.9%) Residential (21./pub. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.4 TWh Transport (1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .5%) 1691. Total final consumption by fuel 2000 700 1800 600 1600 1400 1200 400 TWh 300 1000 800 600 200 400 100 200 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 350 600 300 500 250 400 200 1971=100 1 700 300 Other 1./GDP Prod.

41 334.79 853.7 -0.11 4.99 294.23 4675.59 173.75 12.8 Biofuels & waste 3.06 344.99 464.112 .22 6591.56 5683.1 3.28 - 2.14 187. 3111 3725 5356 7177 7809 8328 . fuel cells). (5) Electricity generated = gross production .18 - 7.90 6615.44 13. .14 0.08 337. ocean and other (e.04 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.26 0.71 889.05 5.79 3.5 - 0.58 11.1 -0.68 3.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.2 2.4 2. 0.53 22.87 1893.44 1586. (2) Net Imports = total imports .12 0.41 113.74 29.9 Hydro Net electricity imports (2) 8.08 219. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.03 343.4 89.38 138.1 Geothermal Solar.71 889.88 10.32 631.81 2.38 4.36 9..02 16.75 203.0 .g.44 11.20 1.07 10.04 0.62 1782.6 4.09 2.05 231..53 2.32 631.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants. (3) Ele.67 6. wind.53 4.29 844.2 -0. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 406.01 2..99 1.12 0.32 111. 3.79 241.22 4.99 464.5 159.67 6334.17 0.39 16.79 853.1 Natural gas 8.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele. 563.17 4.00 2. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 0.84 65.30 1.51 832.43 66.2 86 88 86 100 100 103 .57 2945.6 2.55 2. 0.13 0.65 21.26 17.4 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 406.TFC = electricity total final consumption.10 0.04 4.07 202.13 -1. tide(1) 1.0 127 115 98 107 97 98 94 -1.15 727.4 2326.16 0.5 -0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 1.38 4.6 TPES (Mtoe) Coal Oil (1) Includes wave.6 1.15 0.73 154.13 10.90 394.14 6.IV..2 .84 101.6 1.90 176.50 112.05 5.60 1127.23 5.65 65.9 0.2 Nuclear 2.98 142.13 0.7 1. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.34 188.20 203.54 106.47 6.2 1.51 832.2 TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) Population (millions) TPES/population(2) TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.29 844. Energy consumption.02 1. 2.5 292. (2) In units of toe/per capita.50 11.8 0.02 197.82 1848.96 0.6 2.TFC/population(4) Elec.2 - - - - - - - - - 0.53 2.

502.9 7..2 429.1 1.8 1792.9 99.6 355.7 1714.4 1.6 7.Used for electric boilers - - 0.Transmission & distr. (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating. .. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.4 Tide.9 654.7 39.0 25.g..2 270.4 1.1 67.4 1308. 43. .1 255.3 0.8 306.IV.8 196.1 1434.0 13. 106.7 650.1 1. Other (e.Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption 496.9 416. Tide..6 11.4 13. losses .5 436.1 126.5 1167.1 1.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .9 . - - - - - - .6 256. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Industry Residential Agriculture & fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 126.7 20.1 . Combustible fuels .6 1616.1 Gross production Nuclear Hydro of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste - - - 0.6 123.5 124. Other (e.7 1691.8 251.2 0.6 3. Hydro .0 0.Used for pumped storage 5. - 0.Exports - - - - - - - - 542. 492.5 757.5 1725.0 458.9 6.2 431.5 1.8 1072.2 555.6 420.8 .6 453.0 451.9 .3 3.5 - - 0.7 134.8 17.8 299.0 390.2 412.6 578.1 3.3 416. Wind .7 1251..6 82.113 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 3.6 . fuel cells) .7 11. Transport 14. 1.5 89.5 5.6 1016.4 .6 11.9 14.5 4..5 11.5 603.9 11...6 129..8 1563.6 33. .7 1905.7 699.5 127.4 0.2 1134.2 3.3 735.1 11.4 0.7 26..6 3.8 Solar - - 0.2 .2 1811.4 1413.3 3.1 1760.9 14.3 6.5 4.3 7.6 440.6 130.1 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .5 30.3 4.5 427.7 29.3 1219. ..0 0.6 1530.6 85..9 244.8 140.5 355.3 1016.8 8.6 508.4 111...2 78.7 .6 3.5 9..1 .... wave.2 0.9 158.6 88. - 0. 6.1 0.4 9.7 329.4 402.9 56.5 1826.0 400.8 407. Geothermal .5 2.3 3.1 0.7 465.4 9.1 544.9 258..8 . electric boilers and pumped storage.2 142.1 517.8 34.7 75.8 1086. serv.8 .4 20. - - 0.4 4.8 1.3 173.5 9.5 19.8 . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.8 11.9 . ocean - - - - - - - 0.2 25.1 0.4 166. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 568.5 1702.3 1.1 2.4 13.4 1668.5 0.4 17.7 1598.4 732.g.Own use by power plant Net production 548. Electrical energy supplied .6 .8 1001.4 644.9 + Imports - - - - - - - - ..7 23.1 1.1 85..1 1859.3 -0. Solar .4 1685.1 0.5 519.4 7..6 13.Statistical difference Total consumption .8 75.3 11.1 133.2 11. 2.5 15..3 11.6 128..1 ..7 86. fuel cells) .0 26.8 694. Nuclear .1 16.8 678. - - 0.0 701.4 139.8 5.4 639.3 1511.6 5. wave.3 1163...8 9.1 1582.2 13.0 139.5 0.6 334.4 48. ocean .9 5.2 1586. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps..6 706.0 .6 0.0 0.2 15.3 143.8 526.9 77. - -0.1 0.1 28.4 .1 0.2 7..1 78.1 614.4 969.9 1440.4 250.7 25.4 23. 81.5 119. Commercial & publ.1 1115.4 .3 .. traction and lighting purposes.2 6.4 39.5 8.

03 0.53 0.70 162.71 - - - - - 6.27 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.87 1893.2 493.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - 0.80 6.6 496.12 63.00 393.17 7.67 156.6 2.09 7.42 294.71 7.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.01 106.14 125.98 7.0 4.41 382.77 1429.6 19.61 0.30 409.72 654.17 105. fuel cells.99 21.4 18.2 3.83 11.03 1441.6 13.114 .18 110.25 0.19 4.91 124.00 6.24 -0.78 97.17 69.04 1792.34 30.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 2.52 72.13 4.g.27 0.8 4.61 106.34 12.51 4.67 11.92 1644.31 0.51 8.09 3.83 107.15 1816.24 659. 21.0 5.80 462.58 432.71 19.56 1.56 6.83 17. wind. tide(2) Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste - - - 0.11 160.31 - 27.64 7.2 9.52 1722.1 Coal 12.01 7.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 4.57 89.12 43.70 1598.56 6.4 Hydro Geothermal Solar.09 20.09 427.3 - - 0.11 0.70 3.62 17.3 2.22 - -1.96 4.42 636.70 9.93 1632.9 2.18 182.24 727.56 8. tide(2) Natural gas (1) Electricity generated = gross production .23 1622.7 2.5 2.43 46.4 2.31 255.39 2.2 - - - - - - - - - 68.87 0.7 2.89 7.50 43.2 3.82 115. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.83 11.74 8.99 19.26 11.49 7.70 85.60 9.7 Biofuels & waste 0.70 162.27 225.31 -1.08 193.34 1782.26 11.3 Main activity producers Gross production .97 19.67 156.16 14.31 6. (2) Includes wave. from chemical heat).2 Oil 49.61 67.73 226.IV.37 11.64 7.51 4. wind.85 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .07 0.30 6.31 6.76 732. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 564.15 - - 76.58 0.89 20. ocean and other sources (e.8 1.9 3.86 2.9 4.11 160.29 430.86 2.7 105.1 -5. .57 106.0 4.28 60.46 1037.31 16.52 72.25 0.82 4.61 2.52 0.72 610.9 2.49 44.52 9.78 97.2 Autoproducers Gross production .54 6.44 1586.16 618.31 12.1 0.62 1806.89 45.82 1029.30 6.71 56.44 1653.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.14 7.49 254.8 - - 0.24 1134.47 15.1 -0.60 1127.70 9.61 74.7 0.18 182.6 .3 68.72 63.57 5.52 436.3 271.1 0.69 1710.52 9.70 1905.2 562.

9 - 137078 43396 28938 6458 13026 3947 1424 925 23605 498 2103 12758 135406 40005 29729 6359 13161 3672 1375 1074 22502 521 1908 15100 157130 43278 32773 6430 13145 3595 1381 1114 22075 509 1897 30933 2.3 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.2 21314 916 20398 - 20471 924 19547 - 20399 902 19497 - 7.7 3.4 4.115 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 5.0 3.3 5. . Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) Total 1974 1980 58528 61242 - - 5113 1 831 4281 - 11682 1 1252 10429 - 58223 970 240 1953 246 6 2228 287 473 25 51795 58171 11969 17419 8604 2155 2 9 3200 769 11061 21 30 2932 91430 21717 28214 2648 8889 2006 36 80 17111 390 10339 142715 39140 39935 6240 12557 4389 1991 538 26816 583 2328 8198 - - 1 1 1 1 Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.2 0.0 14.IV.0 20.5 2.6 18.6 - - - - 1477 e 510 e 967 e 2972 700 32 2240 e 3512 769 2743 e 4558 781 3777 e 12.8 4.1 1.4 7.8 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.5 0. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 305 e 305 e 3071 e 3071 e 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 96981 e 155875 e 161364 e 159389 e 182087 e 437 e 317 e 120 e e e e e e e e e e Average annual percent change 1990-2010 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.

.. - - - - . . Chemical processes .. - - - - - .. 50402 63458 68383 76702 75936 .. - - - - . 5412 6002 6155 5597 . .... 3399 3500 3560 3828 ....... Geothermal .. - - - - ..... Chemical processes .... - - - - - .. 1610 2449 4329 5144 . Natural gas .. Natural gas .. Oil .116 . . . - - - - ... Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information... Coal . comb. . . .... - - - - ..IV. Heat pumps ..... . ... - - - - - ... ... - - - - . . - - - - .. . 3353 7704 14190 19587 . ... .... 8765 13706 20345 25184 19685 .... . . 11. 56 229 737 700 . Coal .. .. . . . Heat pumps .... Electric boilers Other sources(1) .. 50346 63229 67646 76002 .. fuels ... Geothermal . . 3399 3500 3560 3828 4122 ..... .. .. fuels . 56022 84559 59088 44895 ... - - - - - . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 9713 12343 165133 220430 215379 217643 220626 15. .... . Biofuels & waste .. ... .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . - - - - . Heat pumps ... .. Non-spec. . 24. .. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.. Biofuels & waste . Total - 1610 94143 130166 129522 123668 ..... ...2 Nuclear .. 33102 35225 51178 53342 . Biofuels & waste . - - - - . Oil . ... . . - - - - ..... .... .4 Nuclear . . - - - - - .. 1610 2449 4329 5144 7501 ... Electric boilers Other sources(1) .. . .. .. . Geothermal . 611 536 - - ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 6.... .. fuels . - - - - . of which: Main activity producers Total 9713 10733 70990 90264 85857 93975 . . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties... . ... Non-spec. 33713 35761 51178 53342 62706 ... . - - - - . comb. . comb.. . .5 Nuclear ... Autoproducers Non-spec. Total Oil .. . . . Chemical processes . Coal . ...... 11222 16997 8496 8548 .. 67244 101556 67584 53443 50676 . . . . . Natural gas .

50 112.50 145.82 0.45 40.68 4.80 1.6 8.69 5.15 30.117 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 7A.7 Biofuels & waste 0.4 Combustible fuels 2.84 21.53 116.6 - - 0.09 31.16 4.03 0.86 56.13 273.89 120.2 Total .25 235.30 0.93 266.71 11.2 Oil .50 .50 7.50 11.14 72.01 0.30 116.12 7. .2 2.21 5. - 0.3 Natural gas .4 Total Solar 2.07 22. 59.89 14.47 31.6 Coal 26.36 9.15 74..22 69.01 0.21 25.IV.65 0. fuel cells) - - - 0.30 1.1 Tide.10 36.85 15.7 of which: main activity prod.. 2.23 0.43 66.66 52..g.51 70.03 0.53 22. 0.97 -1.74 106.09 78.07 10..00 82.30 39.16 159. 5.47 16..56 70. 0. 2012 described in the introductory information. 12.05 47.87 17.44 137.81 23.43 10.02 - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 Oil 74.83 24.8 Coal .00 0. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 103.80 .79 2.44 11.7 -4. 3.97 .93 119.2 Natural gas 2.44 11.03 0.38 10. 105.0 5.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .6 Nuclear 2.67 60.91 76.19 3.88 10.91 1.69 22.11 229.86 .44 117.42 - 47.34 56.78 9.47 188.60 1.16 159.63 4.8 Non-Thermal Total Hydro 8.44 5.70 155.. 28.50 11.16 7.05 259.1 -0.41 113.80 4.18 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.99 111.00 0.61 111.96 - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind Other (e.03 2.02 139. 17.17 58.6 3.86 216.3 4.32 106.1 0..07 10.7 Geothermal 1.23 241.57 2.94 18.8 3. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Thermal 3.48 .5 ... 7B.75 142.58 2. -5.82 150. wave.

5 2846517 2474110 e 1503670 e 1321999 932035 e 970356 e -4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 Electricity production (GWh) - 8713 10456 15645 14400 16958 3.1 Electricity production (GWh) 516931 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.7 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) (2) Total combustible fuels 979421 e * Excludes CHP plants.5 685708 1733777 3764010 e 5093200 5267376 5339147 5. 727436 1210987 1168280 1248400 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 8. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Petroleum products 70969 55073 e 33417 e 29518 20896 e 21733 e -4.8 81428 184450 414274 e 561809 568616 583292 5.9 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal 29798 43043 66446 e 68393 70911 70176 2.5 285435 402415 644763 e 671103 695645 688341 2.2 89757 196697 293150 e 388809 381759 427299 4.4 Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) - - 814 3860 4790 12897 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 97 489 616 1624 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 16439 e 40934 e 58060 57455 47398 5.8 379 288 942 15020 16114 15379 22. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. .6 299211 270302 e 165401 e 149329 106751 e 114645 e -4. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 38017 77154 152723 e 216640 220443 225785 5.5 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - 278254 300575 359932 e 285743 278237 364243 1.IV.4 Electricity production (GWh) - 1807 4706 6837 6837 5626 5.0 Fuel input (TJ) - 78705 85269 e 130799 118399 131353 2.118 .2 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) 919706 1870284 2582325 e 3284583 3200540 3536038 3.0 32 27 87 1405 1490 1460 22.0 27084 32099 40774 e 33276 32517 42732 1.7 19034 33341 50476 e 53388 55294 54764 2. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.

IV.5 - - - - - - - - 87437 6019 - 101235 11823 - 124818 15653 389 104427 12496 488 123888 14403 - 1.7 35.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .4 30.7 1.1 - Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 1249 12396 548 2269 13 185 17 - 1413 14615 1295 - 1465 15148 1341 - 1450 14994 1329 - 0.8 4.1 3. 2012 9. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.1 - 55221 186687 51108 169608 60538 164345 10.119 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 28 585 52 - 1957 53971 2072 33102 6005 127109 8019 41616 6680 141018 8323 50690 7385 159296 10016 53342 32.6 - 33742 e 1110 - 28472 e 1163 e - 80654 3604 422 77346 3110 1333 61410 2997 1077 3.1 32.9 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 724 e 60 e 272 30 e - Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 2876 280 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - 344 e 36 e - Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 370 e CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.7 23. 1229 113 - 6143 482 - 7902 2269 37100 e 129059 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.0 5.5 - - 3396 e 154012 e 8044 59190 2659 116980 3776 84822 2234 109274 4745 63464 2287 100339 4905 49799 - 714 60 - 140503 e 13463 36767 239355 22591 54640 222869 20813 51117 278117 26473 57308 34. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 - - - 25 1 9 - 9375 157 4429 7391 186 2516 7125 207 2295 - 1833 126 369 1036 94 - 2277 207 515 3.0 4.

7 Heat production (TJ) - 54 153 69 72 2080 20. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - 80 173 74 77 2081 17.8 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) 2946 6169 15750 19539 20049 23273 6.2 Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.0 Fuel input (TJ) - - 3353 e 8245 10341 14149 - Heat production (TJ) - - 3353 e 8245 10341 14149 - Fuel input (TJ) - 1946 6098 6345 6885 5459 5. 7657 31065 e 33996 e 37882 e 44326 e 9.9 Heat production (TJ) 1949 4054 13635 16986 e 17266 e 19394 e 8.120 .6 Fuel input (TJ) 1816 2512 9609 2819 5163 4860 3.1 Heat production (TJ) 4270 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .IV. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.3 Heat production (TJ) - 1279 5259 5725 6083 5059 7.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 10. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 38 32 27 22 - - - Fuel input (TJ) 960 803 690 540 - - - Heat production (TJ) 637 541 611 500 - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products 40 57 213 69 124 115 3.4 Heat production (TJ) 1201 1729 8054 2471 4120 3644 3.

2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.58 - - 1.70 1.43 32.60 40.25 0.12 1.66 40.29 4.50 2.22 4.11 145.75 35.IV.94 41.03 0.7 - - - 2.59 138.35 48.99 2.11 0.121 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 11.12 121.03 6.32 1.43 35.03 - -1.67 33.41 40.43 108.86 1.82 10.49 3.82 260.8 5.3 - - - - - - - - - 22.15 - 1.03 0.24 9.7 5.83 20.21 2.85 42.03 0.8 208.80 47.0 1.08 39.98 5.49 0.87 431.61 21.8 2.12 -6.7 0.09 0.19 0.01 0.5 2.11 1. 0.69 55.49 554.59 1.1 - 0.61 0.54 121.00 0.0 -2.7 0.0 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.58 0.84 4.79 11.20 7.74 3.20 0.2 - - 0.94 7.63 0.81 49.85 11.31 0.87 110.10 0.12 2.92 140.03 51.24 23.03 0.00 20. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat - - - - 0.6 56.8 - 0.07 0.06 149.00 0.56 16.16 166.89 3.44 138.68 69.07 0.03 0.7 3.18 2.74 26.31 295.76 6.26 17.02 1.55 136.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.09 3.86 51.11 30.13 0.05 0. & public serv.43 161.69 - -3.84 13.10 0.17 47.71 0.45 0.1 71.1 1.36 9.17 2.20 3.58 - 12.45 294.42 64.19 1.98 2.30 33.00 - - 24.77 55.07 2.4 - - 0.2 7.0 1.7 0.4 - - - - 0.45 37.09 46.29 20.13 0.61 9.0 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.30 549.34 11.09 1.8 -0.80 0.10 0.72 33.97 39.49 4.6 3.13 4.26 157.02 0.58 39.12 77.59 0.1 2.02 21.14 0.0 3.45 - 16.39 0.09 0.41 0.24 36.71 5.45 21.56 7.09 9.68 76.01 0.17 0.09 0.98 85.0 28.3 0.64 27.40 143.4 -1.3 17.2 2.4 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 128.1 -3.74 64.15 0.52 22.70 22. .42 1.23 0.46 0.30 1.15 0.49 2.70 134.2 1.61 135.70 0.76 6.2 2.7 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .45 86.7 4.73 140.13 92.05 92.0 36.9 0.3 - - 0.9 1.73 555.12 7.9 0.72 49.23 9.82 -2.13 52.46 - 3. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 296.2 8.00 58.05 0.93 0.39 297.71 205.82 91.68 329.38 23.41 38.26 0.17 0.1 - 0.20 - 4.21 26.98 4.33 570.94 7.70 2.32 49.83 5.17 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .54 145.49 50.46 0.34 - - Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 58.01 136.6 Comm.97 2.21 1.68 0.56 141.8 1.5 - - 0.79 11.92 316.91 12.4 42.68 0.2 17.

79 3.62 35.95 - 8.99 0.62 9.09 20.73 0.9 11.22 4.36 0.59 0.25 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.06 1.22 - 9.41 1.22 0.24 1.61 20.78 2.57 1.5 -1.33 1. lubricants and bitumen.05 0.10 0.86 0.1 2.06 0.24 0.53 - 11.62 0.01 10.12 1.02 - 1.58 35.28 - 10. .10 0.06 10.6 - Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 9.39 82.5 5.0 -10.69 3.58 45.34 0.1 -3.61 9.IV.07 16.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 11.04 0.21 0.02 7.79 34.53 1.07 9.64 0.76 20.85 0.87 17.00 9.78 9.90 0.36 1.9 0.07 0.1 2. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.02 - 9.12 0. paraffin waxes. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 33.01 0.39 -11.04 7.68 84.82 1.94 0.2 9.47 0.92 2.1 - -0.65 1.1 -0.41 21.4 1.09 0.0 -1. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 - 1.01 0.66 0.84 1.29 1.19 - 42.01 0.10 0.65 0.50 0.02 11.21 8.57 2.5 5.01 9.61 77.01 0.01 0.122 .57 81. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.62 - 59.93 1.94 0.5 4.06 0.05 1.10 77.04 0.13 30.87 17.92 16.85 15.04 7.04 1.70 13.98 3.84 72. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.47 1. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.9 22.57 37.04 1.53 1.03 74.51 0.09 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .94 0.0 -2.10 0.4 - - - - - - - - - 40.09 1.8 -12.17 3.79 10.7 4.4 4.30 - 5.01 1.16 21.63 0.17 - 9.5 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 4.50 77.1 -0.55 0. This includes use of products such as white spirit.12 0.7 8.6 1.1 5.23 - 5.01 0.69 1.41 0.1 - 1.

83 17.50 3.40 10.48 16.64 56.09 0.71 7.43 20.87 Iron and steel 75.37 3.89 1.60 40.06 0.14 0.69 1.47 10.55 1.62 19. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.12 97.78 2.18 0.65 2.89 27.79 2.30 33.48 32.22 Transport equipment 0.IV.08 1.45 0.80 Non specified/other 35.34 3.05 1.01 10.44 5.64 Food and tobacco 6.24 Paper.87 4.01 136.30 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.24 46.83 11.39 3.64 Non-metallic minerals 12.42 6.27 5.03 51.00 33.35 0.86 5.23 2.34 91.30 51.91 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 42.98 26.36 51.22 112.82 29.15 67.16 13.63 137.66 30.68 21.57 13.98 9.01 0.46 2.74 4.87 1.68 86.29 1.11 145.54 145.11 0.12 8.26 0.81 12. and petrochemical 15.86 55.42 6.62 11.46 4.92 316.32 Mining and quarrying 0.18 20.26 166.97 Non-metallic minerals 1.69 6.42 17.91 14.18 37.00 Non-ferrous metals 28.00 1.07 0.33 570.73 577.74 Machinery 0. 2012 12.68 32.67 602.01 13.11 32.00 2. pulp and printing 6.09 Food and tobacco 0.78 5.59 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.86 Non-ferrous metals 4.88 0.74 1.04 6.10 1.03 29.15 157.02 27.41 9.55 Machinery 0.56 2.98 102.66 Non-ferrous metals 2.16 1.82 1. and petrochemical 53.16 8.82 1.83 1.77 Construction 3.96 56.65 12.12 3.34 135.16 17.59 141.39 11.91 7.43 14.28 0.53 1.34 32.10 2.95 16.46 39.76 2.44 Transport equipment 10. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .58 4.22 2.87 4.90 9.11 1.89 7.63 12.48 1.06 14.23 22.10 3.31 24.05 8.04 390.93 89.49 5.58 2.15 Chem.61 Wood and wood products 0.13 0.45 19.30 33.34 8.19 12.77 Mining and quarrying 2.07 1.71 12.39 Transport equipment 0.07 2.07 643.86 2.53 1.33 28.72 39.06 28.82 9.13 1.47 0.78 5.10 Construction 0.63 3.82 26.19 Non specified/other 8.25 15.31 1.78 2.53 17.29 1.11 130. pulp and printing 1.49 603.55 Wood and wood products 1.38 1.65 4.06 11.20 0.90 2.54 121.81 4.48 13.37 7.12 121.67 103.93 2.01 14.90 Total industry (TWh) 329.16 125.53 71.30 549.66 12.94 30.75 118.97 Chem.17 2.85 20.123 IEA ASIA OCEANIA TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 296.56 3. pulp and printing Non specified/other 96.96 4.34 4.04 46.49 Total industry (Mtoe) 28.69 9.00 555.04 4.20 25.75 2.06 12.43 Iron and steel 38.00 10.80 2.69 55.08 1.81 49.21 1.18 97.02 15.12 1.06 5.22 67.43 578.30 2.40 36.16 166.72 11.48 3.11 1.16 110.67 650.77 9.95 16.47 1.16 1.10 0.82 5.35 Construction 0.37 5.16 69.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .48 54.18 76.51 96.49 554.68 49.08 13.69 27.37 11.97 Iron and steel 6. and petrochemical 4.11 1.83 2.23 3.79 3.46 6.76 1.88 34.81 Food and tobacco 4.00 Wood and wood products 0.55 11.24 Machinery 9.17 17.00 1.66 2.06 149.01 0.25 44.49 8.31 8.66 14.93 12.30 138.24 3.64 2.28 5.28 2.38 2.09 Textile and leather 0.58 32.91 2.99 3.38 Textile and leather 5.34 Chem.15 17.86 75.74 2.34 9.18 1.47 11.21 43.23 39.78 1.37 6.96 Paper.73 15.25 10.46 63.60 15.26 0.04 4.89 66.32 32.78 36.96 12.07 161.45 86.87 431.85 Mining and quarrying 0.24 11.02 44.06 Textile and leather 8.49 9.26 27.78 2.53 5.05 85.75 9.86 124.64 104.28 22.20 0.77 55.28 0.44 4.63 1.41 17.90 12.03 51.70 28.90 Paper.15 12.18 0.70 465.09 128.45 7.46 12.39 Non-metallic minerals 15.06 11.57 11.

33 159. . . .. .. .. .. ..40 66.77 1. .. . ..68 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear Hydro of which: pumped storage Geothermal 3..76 0.73 59. ..... . .18 0. ... . ...124 . . .50 18.04 80. . .. Solid / natural gas ... .32 220..04 368..... ... .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA ASIA OCEANIA 15... .81 136. ... Natural gas ...08 282.. Liquid / natural gas ....50 0.. .64 237..48 49...73 0. ... . ...IV... .g..... .. ..94 238.03 361.. .23 Solar - - - - - 0..42 0. Solid / liquid / gas ...97 Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products . .... . . . ...80 67.. Type of generation Steam . fuel cells) - - - - - - - 0. . ... ... ... . . ... . Internal combustion .97 104.....86 225.91 0..40 30..05 65. . . . .. .30 372. ..13 1.....65 66. Liquid fuels . . .. .. . .72 51. .08 1. . .. .51 31.. ...88 30. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0.04 66.28 38.. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . .02 0.95 24. .....30 0.56 31.. ..03 328.09 233. Gas turbine ...02 0.94 1..97 66. .83 27. .. .. Available capacity ... ... Multi-fired: Solid / liquid .. .49 205. . . ..07 1.. .. .. . . ..98 63.. .. . wave. .55 Tide. . . .. . .18 65.. Combined cycle . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. . ..84 Other (e. . .38 172.. . . . .96 2..81 58. .00 62. .... . . . Biofuels & waste . . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 116. .98 375. .. . ...... Peak load . . . ..85 30. Other . ...89 15.. .68 - 11. .. .56 2. . . .. . .. . .88 30.27 0.. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. .. .

. ..IV.18 0.34 22.15 55.04 0.. ... .92 56... . Combined cycle ..02 21.. ..43 1...99 2.. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0.g.. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.. ..... .66 13.. . . ..05 0. wave.. .. .. ... ...74 14... .. .... . . . .125 IEA ASIA OCEANIA 15.04 0.01 0.09 1... . .... . . . .. .. .72 Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products . Natural gas . . . .. .47 1.. .08 49...05 0.. .. Biofuels & waste .05 2...... .06 0.....04 0. .. .. ..37 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - 0... Gas turbine . ..... 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.. . .. .04 26. Liquid fuels .84 3... . . .. .. .. . . ... Liquid / natural gas . .. .27 Nuclear 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. . . Peak load ... Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . . .. . . .. ...ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .17 0.91 Tide. .. . .. ..07 1.17 0.11 1..03 0. . . .. .. ...38 1.. ... Available capacity . .. .. .77 48.17 - - - - Hydro 1.21 Other (e. .. .04 0. .. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 11. ...36 2.. . .14 38. Internal combustion ... . .41 4. . Solid / liquid / gas .. ...02 0. ....79 40. . . .02 0...68 49.37 1.28 2. ... .53 1. .. . Type of generation Steam ..45 55.. . ..21 67. . ... . .62 27. ... .. .. .47 1. Other . ...81 54. .. Solid / natural gas . . ..02 10. .. . . . fuel cells) - - - - - 0..02 0. . . . ..04 Solar - - - 0.. . . .. . ... . ....86 1..

© OECD/IEA. 2012 .

Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 2010 Other (2. serv. Total final consumption by fuel 1400 4000 1200 3500 3000 2500 800 TWh Mtoe 1000 600 2000 1500 400 1000 200 500 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 1986 Coal Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4. 1996 2001 2006 2010 0.5 200 1. (15.2%) Industry (36.75 50 200 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm./GDP Prod./pub.127 IEA EUROPE Figure 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0%) Commerce / public serv.IV. Electricity consumption by sector 250 1400 1.7 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.&heat Figure 5.1 TWh Residential (29./cons.9%) Residential (25. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.3%) 3072. 2012 TWh 1000 Production/Consumption Product 1200 ./TFC Elec.0%) Transport (3. (29.1%) Other (2. Electricity indicators Figure 3.25 800 1971=100 1 600 150 1 100 400 0. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.5%) Transport (2.9%) Industry (54.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.1%) Commerce / public serv.0%) 1340./population CO2/elec.

56 496.25 35.42 0.TFC = electricity total final consumption.7 29.29 10605. 0.5 0.83 1730.1 4.128 .TFC/population(4) Elec.66 3.2 -1.05 0.28 1.2 -0.14 15661..76 1732. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.39 234.28 3.31 42.0 0.55 436.4 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 7046.34 129.61 228.4 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.73 206.12 3505.53 646.5 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 0. 2.45 0.36 2.67 14. ocean and other (e.38 60.80 441.99 0.00 1.53 0.17 21.3 Nuclear 19.5 0.61 548.9 0.39 0.47 13343.75 1601.05 545.35 294.9 -1. 0.9 2.36 15389.0 Geothermal Solar.06 129.23 599..57 579.84 687.15 3. wind.03 8..56 17.70 1726.29 2.69 326.4 1. Energy consumption.26 294.91 8347.76 1732.1 22.15 600.4 -0.49 7.5 3.24 463. 2948 3604 4456 5190 5369 5608 .5 -4.13 0.72 0.02 3.49 279.83 1730.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele.82 473. 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 1.61 0.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.15 0.37 3.75 1601.40 3.0 0.49 37.85 8.38 -1.3 4.20 0. .95 237.70 1726.9 Oil 731.8 0.5 .85 600.4 Coal 425.32 1492.7 TPES (Mtoe) 90-11 2.83 3562..49 1.34 1.77 46.23 42.02 Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.45 0.34 3. (2) In units of toe/per capita.5 156 143 121 104 92 94 89 -1. (2) Net Imports = total imports .40 1797.22 11.05 0. 1615.73 2627.79 46.52 - 17.23 3. generated (TWh) (5) 90-11 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.18 0.1 -1.68 3.15 0.08 14.22 518.9 0.05 203.10 549.88 69.18 2.68 53.98 3411.11 257.9 1.69 5.11 0. fuel cells). Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 1374.00 2.16 3.3 Biofuels & waste 30.11 -1.53 3194.96 243.40 1797.2 Natural gas 134. (3) Ele.94 391.32 1492.39 15036.87 2045.43 419. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) (1) Includes wave.5 94 101 103 100 96 99 .39 0. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 TPES (Mtoe) 1374.73 115.58 8.5 454.41 463.35 1.g.99 35.5 .12 0.IV.5 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.

4 2785.6 .7 54.6 . 23.3 6.7 .7 570.8 150. Other (e.5 4.. .9 1943.5 1.8 854.4 460.6 17.. 414.Used for heat pumps - - 0.6 103.1 4.3 106.0 0.. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4 897.0 112.3 89.3 6.1 .1 112.4 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.5 .4 289.0 3593.1 1.8 2490.1 . Combustible fuels . fuel cells) .1 35. 6.7 2056.4 6. 39.9 191.1 1.8 85.0 989.9 134.5 2313.9 3431.2 1212.5 3184.7 885.1 1133. fuel cells) .7 1.6 92.8 216.8 291.1 663.9 471.5 0.3 Oil 408.1 46.6 459.0 + Imports 68. wave.1 887.4 57.4 68.. - - 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ..4 236.129 IEA EUROPE 3.9 2210.1 286. ocean .5 4.8 113.6 0.8 .0 .6 3065.6 1941.Used for pumped storage 13.9 135. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers..2 149.6 0.9 29.3 453.5 48.2 7.5 907.Statistical difference Industry Transport Agriculture & fishing (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.3 560. 735.7 3021.4 859.2 162.8 3040.6 980.Exports 62.4 881.8 29.5 517.4 137.4 782..3 220.7 ..8 3514. .7 862.5 1401.5 0.2 - - 0..3 0.3 70.3 662.2 5.7 4.8 11. Tide. 202.8 529.8 .9 0. 0.5 0.6 761. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps..9 151.8 47.8 3534..0 61. Other (e.9 175.6 90. 211.Transmission & distr.9 74.6 3.8 5.8 . electric boilers and pumped storage.7 29.1 910.6 0.8 .9 0.8 159..2 762.1 857.6 878..g.8 133.8 40.4 153.6 32.8 1.4 144.4 3072.5 1931. Geothermal . 1248.8 20.2 178.7 239.8 .4 7.0 2. Wind .7 311.6 167.2 31. Solar .1 4.8 .5 1796.Used for electric boilers - - 0.5 0.4 90.Own use by power plant Net production 1533.1 2. Nuclear .6 0.0 .1 1.0 0.7 347.5 . traction and lighting purposes.3 68.2 23..6 340.6 0.6 510. Residential 334. Commercial & publ.IV.3 179.3 1399..6 5.0 10.6 - - 0.8 3444.8 37.9 1058.5 .1 115.0 0.0 0. Hydro .8 144.5 277. serv.5 14.9 423.2 1010.3 2687.7 2928..9 855.4 .2 71.2 3347..1 768. Total consumption ..5 .6 5..5 0..8 ..5 14.8 330.4 1693.2 560.5 896. Electrical energy supplied ..7 0.6 43. losses .9 1003..0 19.4 511.5 2. ocean Wind Combustible fuels Coal - 0..5 69.0 1.7 3.9 2.5 6.0 0.1 567.1 813. 70.3 273.7 635.1 23. wave.4 1302.3 . - 0.4 230. - 0.9 5.9 363.7 523.0 6.4 1927.5 0.g..9 1526.6 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 120.2 108.4 42.1 6.7 126.0 4.9 7.1 1705.8 1824.6 831.1 930.0 1771.3 2.8 22.8 22.1 1881.3 4.0 0.8 .7 347.7 2647..2 934.6 844.0 1876.9 3406.7 203.9 3253.1 -3.3 891.5 of which: pumped storage production Geothermal Solar Tide.0 79.4 1134.8 2963..6 0.0 .Energy industry consumption(2) 1410.0 3311..6 2497.2 737. 0.7 73.8 301.2 159.7 720. Final consumption 1340. Sector non specified 4. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.7 330.3 4.9 1821.3 70.4 846..5 214.1 1.3 2. .2 518.7 48. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production Nuclear Hydro 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1623..9 166.1 1590.8 43.3 1198.5 51.0 3071.5 0.4 3224. 2.9 955.1 57.2 97.7 3284.0 50.9 .

39 65.47 774.77 140.00 419.2 Coal 525.3 2.91 29.02 2056.73 2627.35 54.51 - 24.99 31.44 3224.3 -4.79 3304.98 63.16 514.40 8.0 Oil Coal 60.81 127.54 - - - - 1.62 705.85 2987.130 .92 3177.17 17.2 1.57 900.95 73.08 0.24 289.90 685.9 4.53 3194.42 15.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.23 4.65 5.50 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .33 5.86 110.14 3444.44 524.56 280.1 (1) Electricity generated = gross production .61 25.03 - -4.35 32.8 331. wind.3 0.48 -1. (2) Includes wave.50 2.90 243.69 3.52 237.6 8.72 5.00 33.28 113.74 776.21 31.82 126.58 3145.48 171.30 3.57 -0.02 0.27 1.3 Main activity producers Gross production .03 482.77 807.20 225. .20 1.64 934.01 2957.82 56.3 253.5 .08 14.5 Natural gas 124.07 35.8 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.6 Oil 334.99 19.58 167.52 37.3 253.75 33.29 307.4 27.59 36.95 249.4 1402.55 3.83 3562.60 3272.19 908.63 921. ocean and other sources (e.25 146.82 3617.26 289.7 - 32.05 3593.99 19.66 280.85 33.9 17.89 5.67 3.65 7.2 1.1 9.26 1.86 5.94 -3.83 2384. tide(2) 125.9 1.45 -4.6 82.76 493.42 3303.3 0.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.60 -0.11 1.19 31.24 811. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.41 883.84 7.12 133.63 47.00 76.60 27.6 Natural gas 26.29 371.01 0.50 44.99 22. fuel cells. tide(2) 0.21 266.84 2.81 2403.3 5.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 8.58 91.17 10.51 1.22 266.31 4.24 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 4.39 22.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.91 15.40 47.2 -5. from chemical heat).4 1.31 4. wind.00 102.39 122.4 6.8 3.7 2.57 4. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 1665.61 733.08 8.4 1.76 878.5 -0.33 89.79 3411.95 249.11 401.96 33.80 3.69 5.IV.85 14.4 1656. 55.59 237.98 3583.9 - - 0.86 2045. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.9 Biofuels & waste 4.66 15.5 1411.77 -0.08 910.71 2647.90 243.36 41.44 53.17 3336.88 45.9 1.1 0.64 3.98 6.g.14 28.84 29.91 1795.7 2.07 1806.34 32.0 -4.60 0.12 2.92 50.6 Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .17 10.28 144.2 -1.10 0.

5 2.2 1.4 27.7 0.0 63086 10546 4836 34 637 1135 21 30631 15246 2.IV.4 8.4 -0.0 29.1 4.1 2.9 2.3 -4.6 e 0.131 IEA EUROPE 5. .6 4.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 Total Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 2008 2009 216570 e 203333 e 227489 e 226438 e 266324 255815 12901 30 12871 11999 27 11972 160436 24446 53850 5991 843 690 441 38631 4074 12334 2119 3604 13413 147492 19688 47855 6193 844 584 472 37352 4690 15867 e 2158 e 2110 e 9679 - - Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9 0.2 5.4 11.4 29.6 -9.1 25815 e 39056 e 38497 e 44205 e 13713 e 22101 20045 24358 e 82 389 545 520 e 2342 12376 12360 14044 9678 e 4190 e 5547 e 5283 e 0.1 -12.9 2357 e 48 2309 e 1. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 1980 e e e e e e e e e 1990 2000 42798 e 26803 58381 e 59992 3101 e 11690 9913 26 247 499 4500 27 34 481 e 577 502 1607 13 34 33 40 3606 17899 e 29435 e 30028 39153 e 5041 14513 e 14975 e 139884 e 171353 e e 18959 e 18619 e 52278 e 47919 e e 4845 e 13615 e 935 5361 e e 812 1338 1488 1766 e e 21933 16050 e 6202 e 13205 e 19666 e 37378 e e 2468 3177 354 e 1985 6598 e 8313 e 5973 1868 1868 43233 e 43842 42939 29 e 36 e 2354 3 108 43204 43806 40474 166763 22205 42059 11306 4905 2209 1660 1856 16276 48422 3115 483 3644 8623 154983 17770 41108 11624 4285 2087 1465 1597 16555 43822 3517 296 3203 e 7654 2124 4 2120 2343 3 2340 2010 276171 e 1.7 -0.1 12.0 5. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.7 2467 2467 e e e e e e e e e e e e Average annual percent change 1990-2010 e 166523 20490 e 46391 e 11395 e 4525 2461 e 1515 1707 e 16693 e 47069 3733 279 3371 e 6894 e e e e e e e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.

. . ... 27439 22962 21792 23054 22516 . .... . ..4 Nuclear .. 27288 22832 21625 22871 .. Heat pumps .. .. .. Autoproducers Total 530095 523596 395986 847509 403009 429148 .132 . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. fuels . - 149644 - - ... - - - - .. Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 1616909 1800088 1838294 2660303 2203718 2472328 2248125 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 6. 3975 3685 2720 2839 . of which: Main activity producers Total 1086814 1276492 1442308 1812794 1800709 2043180 . fuels . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties.. ... Non-spec..... .. .. . -1. . 3999 4242 3684 3969 4499 .. 88435 82114 49995 51940 . Coal .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) . .. . 141106 177529 159425 173684 149612 .. . Geothermal ... . 55370 106833 89738 84260 ..... - - - - . 2........ comb... Coal .. 637650 1079716 881990 999514 894660 . Geothermal .... 680318 671038 635284 703468 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.... - 254724 13842 6851 - .. Coal ....... ... Total Oil .. ..... . 475278 679402 714236 812982 .. 745 1494 2262 2827 3043 . .. .. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 768753 753152 685279 755408 679124 .IV.... ..0 Nuclear . Biofuels & waste . . .... Oil . Chemical processes .. .. 3876 7684 6156 8745 . .. . 162361 253231 334590 395375 ...... . 1706 5098 5060 5368 ..... .. . .. . 24 557 964 1130 .. . Oil . ..... ... Geothermal .. 694 1374 2137 2709 . Natural gas .. Biofuels & waste . Chemical processes .. 151 130 167 183 . 1706 5098 5060 5368 5333 . Natural gas . ..... comb. .. . Heat pumps . . Heat pumps . . .. 81748 96980 86349 94530 . 85736 70696 69687 89424 . Natural gas . . . .6 Nuclear . 244109 350211 420939 489905 477782 Non-spec.. .... - 105080 13842 6851 . . . . Electric boilers Other sources(1) .. . 8903 3486 3284 3002 . Non-spec... .. . .. fuels . . 162372 400314 167754 186532 ..... Biofuels & waste ... . comb. . Electric boilers Other sources(1) . 3876 7684 6156 8745 8532 . 8911 3491 3289 3003 3024 . .. 8 5 5 1 .. Chemical processes . .. 51 120 125 118 ... . .

44 59.20 226.76 453.08 5.53 255.38 1.54 270.7 3.95 237. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 319.46 0.76 342.27 1.01 0.1 -0.01 - - Thermal Total Nuclear Geothermal Solar 0.53 37.28 133..72 101.04 0.07 1.9 -1.99 .22 54.5 1.01 0.19 217.05 0.5 2.8 1.60 126.7 Combustible fuels Oil 92. 1.54 382.0 0.50 .02 - 30.IV.01 34.45 366.55 426.72 .2 2.00 0.. 27.35 206. fuel cells) Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.97 39.70 51.23 14.56 197.01 0.29 -3.68 42.35 209.04 0.07 .86 .04 391. 2012 described in the introductory information.23 231.05 0.15 5. .04 0.39 132.23 43.2 9.13 54.02 0.8 Natural gas .05 0.0 7. 315.05 235.00 14.9 Oil .51 62.80 2.85 207.92 391.11 380.43 85.00 0.38 60.1 Coal . 214. 7.88 2. 0.37 197.81 247.2 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.17 44.49 33.65 1..05 203.133 IEA EUROPE 7A.33 228.9 Non-Thermal Total Hydro Tide.36 245. 1.40 1.77 46.87 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.0 Coal 195. 7.39 11.18 5.05 0.40 40.66 5..34 442.02 7... ocean Wind Other (e.60 13.3 -3. 7B.05 235. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 21.13 2.54 24.49 37..84 4.3 - - 0.6 .00 149.92 10.8 2.69 18. -4.61 240.2 19..88 48.64 30.94 307.45 39.3 29.96 26.96 243.9 Natural gas 28..2 29.37 370.3 Total .30 2.25 35..35 159.68 83.4 - 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .47 35.30 35.g.31 213.39 14.21 - 46.88 27.8 0.34 40.72 30.68 16.80 246.08 8. 72.86 47.25 2.26 18.31 1.4 Biofuels & waste of which: main activity prod. wave.65 159. 13.79 46.64 22. -0.

5 2829 4714 3888 4846 2.4 232436 -0.2 2846300 2927236 e 2712721 e 2505083 2433461 2336445 -1.2 1254107 e 1381178 1266149 e 1269964 e 0.8 257750 e Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) 3534 3814 3532 4804 4326 4932 1. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.8 1094719 1039520 e 2849306 e 4289649 e 4027613 4142513 7.1 260880 278862 e 277056 e 245856 237975 -0.2 35978 e 50345 e 132394 e 234891 229707 242154 8.2 3105 e 3764 10126 16481 16468 18304 8. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 4355604 4563385 e 4110944 e 3844448 3298620 3288172 -1.4 2585 2654 4490 e 849 1539 1718 -2. 1077659 e * Excludes CHP plants.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 8.6 439163 486925 e 445647 407567 e 353238 e 357718 e -1.4 2869980 1597934 e 1299284 e 612732 544825 402492 -6.5 Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 325376 357334 e 322296 e 306494 301033 281147 -1. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 181321 188332 e 165507 e 152052 130479 130461 -1.IV.2 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) - Electricity production (GWh) - 1487 e Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 24560 24105 49160 e 12085 21437 22141 -0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.3 29600 32308 29815 41943 35038 43602 1.1 2236 3025 e 303405 239110 e 250133 e 252825 172905 26101 22625 e 23984 e 22712 15510 Electricity production (GWh) (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 22107 e -0.1 Petroleum products 71990 39295 e 32294 e 16318 14696 10555 -6.3 16003 43117 e 284960 326609 318415 16.134 . .2 107565 107055 e 348890 e 566383 526365 531191 8.1 3614 21734 23440 25304 15.7 308360 170817 e 132059 e 65016 55824 42037 -6.9 Electricity production (GWh) - 445 5412 e 17972 24021 28764 23.2 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 8828 e 65299 e 241795 288735 393728 20. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.8 (2) Total combustible fuels Electricity production (GWh) 1151945 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.

8 -0.IV.5 5653 550 125 11549 e 1165 1695 51309 5277 5761 62068 6073 9031 73332 7687 7926 13.4 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 21105 1313 e 3895 e 76362 1812 36376 152922 e 5450 76478 e 294926 14534 122856 305054 14557 124160 329022 16619 128759 7.4 -1. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.7 6.9 13.2 5.3 16603 668516 55294 209239 e 9591 388930 32428 103432 11224 419888 46877 89276 11635 430293 40109 119298 10393 412235 36222 129560 e 12048 463201 37348 137755 e 1.7 -5.7 3192 26726 4194 6866 60539 3060 25865 e 110827 982818 65441 294246 2009 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 e e e e e e e e e e e e Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 22492 1690 e 7069 e 75414 e 9651 e 13788 e 187715 e 17053 78451 367522 34017 134843 414521 38414 138402 510012 43891 187149 10. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 -1.9 104626 e 7975 e 31765 e 103692 e 9809 e 21671 e 156255 13043 28202 120235 10386 20661 152417 12930 29878 e 1.9 4. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.135 IEA EUROPE 1980 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 1990 2000 2008 95159 90784 e 64262 e 1933892 2006396 e 1460332 e 125653 144014 e 122091 e 566114 e 588583 e 382302 e 55527 452337 25901 155598 2010 69176 1580849 140362 404675 66195 1529515 136032 e 393971 69065 1579108 142187 412333 -1.4 -0.9 Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5289 161 3077 8553 301 3693 20660 1477 4989 19536 2058 3619 29748 2315 8366 33269 2105 10488 7.6 1.6 11.7 14.9 0.9 2.0 10.1 323741 e 439384 e 1256216 e 1322505 e 635937 1673871 610231 e 1618887 e 657155 e 1806022 e 3.7 3.8 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 247592 CHP Heat production (TJ) 1109184 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.2 -0.0 7.7 1.9 4. 2012 9.1 23.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .1 0.7 0.8 98439 887732 81356 109652 91656 836984 75357 99375 95297 854522 75079 106538 -0.0 e e e e 88445 821918 70646 170061 2375 25768 2050 e 14414 e 3962 40531 2976 23326 5302 55399 3859 32558 5346 57341 3853 33835 6163 64091 4435 37621 4.4 8.4 395959 30326 97176 699381 e 1600984 e 59519 e 161840 e 169794 e 474256 e 2780271 e 301322 e 710108 2637688 287022 659673 e 2922059 314874 744461 7. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .7 7.

1 Heat production (TJ) - 34 983 4778 5436 7171 30.5 Fuel input (TJ) 26121 e 70252 e 39757 e 60924 70773 74136 0.0 Heat production (TJ) 323 132 3630 e 1636 3694 4643 19. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. .0 Heat production (TJ) 69245 e 50475 e 51830 e 24774 29865 35929 -1.3 Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) 7266 7614 e 12118 e 6681 6831 7800 0.1 Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - 45 1179 5869 6464 10150 31.7 Fuel input (1000 t) Natural gas(1) 108298 Fuel input (TJ) Heat production (TJ) 105721 e 215901 e 328888 e 298457 351105 6.3 Heat production (TJ) 14148 e 43179 e 27191 41190 44986 44017 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 733 995 761 962 -0. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.6 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) 750 e Heat production (TJ) Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) 476 181 4503 e 2002 5686 6953 20.1 Fuel input (TJ) 54336 30408 e 10280 e 8633 8608 7164 -7.7 22852 e 50692 82878 86864 99752 7.1 Fuel input (TJ) 90693 64750 e 67936 e 29780 37059 42911 -2.7 (2) Total combustible fuels Heat production (TJ) 507252 e Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 18524 19886 e 8156 e 6779 6983 8127 -4.0 Heat production (TJ) 281233 306580 e 146913 e 127203 120469 150414 -3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 10.IV.3 Fuel input (1000 t) Peat Fuel input (1000 t) - 1029 Fuel input (TJ) - 11849 7916 10705 7995 9248 -1.1 Heat production (TJ) 5116 e 5339 e 9914 e 4852 4598 5255 -0.2 Heat production (TJ) - 10121 e 6814 9054 6859 7865 -1. 536018 e 469113 e (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.136 .0 Heat production (TJ) 39968 21674 e 7752 e 7397 5511 5504 -6.4 Fuel input (TJ) 417415 427560 e 181037 e 159030 162318 190026 -4.5 Fuel input (1000 t) Brown coal 4739 2769 e 727 e 681 675 506 -8.1 Petroleum products 2193 1575 e 1661 e 722 889 1035 -2.7 539401 542588 619340 0.2 77745 e 75632 e 163394 e 233270 222317 255053 6.3 1073 28018 e 59590 103226 106155 122883 7.

43 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .8 1.77 14.4 3.25 3.46 2.5 163.30 1.71 307.01 0.18 267.2 1.3 0.89 6.26 97.10 0.49 50.05 0.3 91.12 3.17 330.07 0.89 564.80 56.10 0.82 52.29 6.20 5.15 262.10 0.2 -9.33 1111.61 1.40 44.05 32.01 0.71 190.00 0.95 50.48 27.26 1275.41 24.30 1.02 0.06 53.86 321.24 - 4. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 1020.15 35.43 307.6 - - 0.16 257.52 1.84 124.25 30.7 28.7 0.41 61.77 -4.82 2.71 9.81 251.80 8.4 - - 0.59 34.8 3. .55 9.40 4.59 56.0 1.31 87.11 48.17 2.54 0.1 5.52 -5.74 - 12.53 8.3 52.15 21.00 0.46 105.14 9.64 2.38 356.73 8.15 264.57 2.02 0.IV. 5.2 -1.51 152.34 321.5 0.46 1261.43 268.10 0.0 173.92 5.09 160.6 1.97 77.6 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Comm.73 35.36 46.01 66.7 0.46 280.1 0.82 0.4 0.9 - - 0.17 0.01 0.95 159.47 1.41 17.30 28.137 IEA EUROPE 11.77 -0.76 44.85 292.5 -3.53 315.3 185.48 104.02 - 7.56 48.20 116.10 5.6 0.35 20.8 115.8 2.49 37.9 -0.98 72.6 -13.08 155.85 150.8 0.49 45.94 2.05 0.57 0.01 -18.5 1.40 263.1 576.30 2.9 - - 0.14 69.67 1.93 35.61 0.42 22.7 4.07 15.12 25.41 1212.30 279.25 146.62 73.0 15.16 0.5 3.50 18.32 332.84 264.31 3.0 3.00 2.6 -2.86 23.58 77.00 339.89 39.12 67.1 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6.6 - - - - - - - - - 95.7 20.43 13.2 95. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 57.11 12.19 - 13.82 55.01 - 1.77 13.02 0.9 150.85 1216.00 0.01 51.13 0.07 317.15 0.01 0.87 14.48 1.9 0.84 2.28 73.13 5.8 5.01 86.6 10.81 208.00 12.43 312.4 46.01 0.33 530.16 0.57 1.6 - 0.17 22.40 44.56 15.7 0.30 559.81 1.39 201.87 124.76 109.3 -4.09 91.5 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . & public serv.28 4.67 1.08 -1.86 2.78 -1.93 1.25 38.32 309.5 1.62 46.90 98.65 24.96 36.70 15.48 70.08 5.28 1.20 78.1 0.85 -0.98 2.13 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.82 200.88 513.31 6.52 86.6 10.97 42.00 0.99 1079.96 76.07 6.06 9.46 11.05 0.5 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 372.52 20.13 2.08 76.0 11.85 1.01 0. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 63.21 0.01 0.85 2.03 -5.32 2.0 17.01 531.36 17.2 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.02 97.50 4.91 -2.68 550.08 231.30 0.47 2.

lubricants and bitumen.03 0.7 -1.77 0.77 4.54 111.21 0.4 1.27 30.32 32.33 0. This includes use of products such as white spirit.63 18.8 14.66 78.29 16.16 2.89 54.62 0.62 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .00 4.8 7.70 32.8 5.39 81.21 0.58 13.19 112.21 12.44 101.47 50.55 1.01 0.73 4.1 10. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.3 1.5 7.47 31.04 0.03 0.40 16.3 3.34 18.9 -3.88 3.11 8.09 3.57 13.62 3.23 1.62 0.07 0.15 90.49 0.12 0.01 1.57 18.12 0.5 3.08 0.81 17.14 3.47 0.04 0.59 4.72 30.78 20.06 0.45 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.90 1.4 0.08 0.9 1. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.01 1.73 114.07 20.2 22.49 0.68 0.9 7.69 118.3 0.31 15.83 1.8 -1.0 Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 35.10 1.0 -5.17 99.95 0.01 1.80 75.4 -18.62 16.69 20.8 0.67 0.77 313.15 1.26 0.16 19.28 30.01 1.06 0.4 -7.52 0.92 5.84 11.06 121.51 0.1 -0.14 3.7 14.0 -1.2 0.9 -3. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.16 21.62 5.5 38.1 -2.31 0.48 73.29 1.2 4. paraffin waxes.13 36.25 2.2 81.01 0.138 .7 -11.00 0.58 65.42 28.75 62.49 31.96 0.69 2.07 23.08 7.78 3.52 11.00 4.34 36.04 0. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 241.21 0.2 5.00 1.4 -24.18 18.66 0.97 6.7 2.23 0.18 14.4 -0.21 0.91 40.88 1.44 17.54 324.10 0.37 26. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.17 46.22 46.67 65.19 1.96 0.44 1.45 11.32 4.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 11.06 0.20 0.70 1.3 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 20. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.09 0.22 32.15 1.54 122.05 62.IV.00 1.54 1.95 27.78 0.8 -0.08 1.01 50.30 108.09 0.1 4.34 0.98 0.60 10.79 0.95 0.17 51.6 -2.03 0.3 -5.6 -8.38 37.01 1.55 107.85 3.4 -0.61 3.41 5.07 0.01 1.25 0.80 4.08 0.62 1.2 12.78 299.80 7.25 19.75 1.5 1.80 4.71 0.23 4.57 278.46 14.01 0.47 1.14 18.1 2.03 4.2 9.03 0.01 0.94 0.97 309.29 3.21 4.21 75.3 -4.09 0.0 -3.04 19.75 256.53 0.6 5.60 -6. .

25 7. 2012 12.24 Paper.12 7.46 3.03 13.61 20.28 Machinery 5.97 9.67 10.86 36.13 87.38 78.59 4.80 17.29 9.32 Non-ferrous metals 12.23 129.21 1238.79 8.67 1.56 10.82 115.17 2.28 73.80 19.97 15.58 20.86 321.78 99.25 146.90 10.64 7.91 8.57 36.95 34.73 1.55 14.52 90.30 22.41 44.82 Transport equipment 26.82 62.69 27.39 32.44 24.53 27.01 13.65 96. pulp and printing 66.57 9.94 180.24 41.37 2.54 21.16 Mining and quarrying 1.65 10.65 17.60 1.54 101.45 49.50 43.23 146.08 Paper.71 190.43 321.02 5.77 6.86 0.41 6.03 1.78 54.55 4.38 23.67 199.39 66.41 1212.28 130.52 Non-metallic minerals 3.10 22.78 6.49 108.17 11.84 7.91 116.72 16.55 3.54 52.69 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.08 Paper.78 5. and petrochemical 15.42 36.26 1273.42 1.60 6.82 11.47 205.54 22.11 6.90 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.58 11.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .12 58.32 1.85 6.45 10.73 147.79 80.10 264.56 Wood and wood products 7.54 Non-ferrous metals 6.62 8.28 8.55 54.46 1261.77 Mining and quarrying 19.76 17.07 317.90 122.08 231.31 16.14 8.93 1003.93 138.08 1133.85 Iron and steel 74.66 15.11 94.43 49.52 86.86 33.82 292.09 8.33 1111.02 6.45 11.67 141.43 1222.91 139.51 42.58 0. pulp and printing 5.34 63.41 57.78 7.25 63.82 854.81 251.42 Iron and steel 112.80 Machinery 59.37 113.92 1.25 4.36 37.94 1.10 116.04 47.67 3.06 117.73 8.04 7.95 36.43 Non-metallic minerals 45.35 9.98 4.81 44. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.30 7.09 8.54 67.19 42.15 263.51 105.87 40.95 31.93 8.139 IEA EUROPE TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1020.36 27.26 2.87 10.40 16.68 1.49 Total industry (TWh) 735.33 3.74 10.05 Textile and leather Construction 14.37 13.39 22.96 Wood and wood products 1.94 Food and tobacco 37.87 9.58 37.95 2.80 37.03 27.21 7.84 264.64 3.78 1.40 Food and tobacco 26. pulp and printing 24.87 205.63 24.04 14.58 8.57 11.09 37.14 98.41 7.84 46.11 144. 46.64 20.30 46.08 52.13 7.51 36.41 Non-metallic minerals 46.21 6.17 7.96 12.09 3.19 74.20 29.38 22.32 8.76 Non specified/other 58.07 55.37 8.41 6.13 8.14 Non specified/other 5.32 116.25 90.92 2.IV.83 51.41 9.74 7.06 9.61 14.69 6.46 106.83 150.54 Food and tobacco 3.62 37.84 94.67 17.56 15.77 372.85 54.66 30.44 1.96 4.96 49.92 12.08 Wood and wood products 11.69 103.19 17. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .38 1.75 114.58 150.97 14.81 8.78 5.37 1.49 87.72 30.75 1134.42 3.01 1058.90 84.27 13.69 57.10 20.80 100.09 91.69 4.50 36.27 1.18 6.03 94.98 7.98 1.30 Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 58.09 41.99 1079.57 8.00 11.66 Non-ferrous metals 71.17 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) Iron and steel Chem.58 1275.02 40.06 11.01 81.84 3.19 103.34 28.02 97.39 18.09 8.71 17.65 156.61 30.94 12.18 12.43 12.56 7.35 37.75 7.38 356.23 55.43 268.42 105.35 12.09 19.85 1216.95 Transport equipment 2.51 Chem.25 30.18 8.26 29. and petrochemical 64.26 97.80 119.95 205.00 Construction 0.70 10.54 Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying 8.98 16.50 28.15 1.52 39.80 3.22 17.20 124.34 19.47 4.09 194.18 208. and petrochemical 179.36 70.85 8.27 2.58 44.92 3.93 130.74 22.19 27.36 307.67 3.14 4.91 6.26 11.79 Textile and leather 3.22 79.12 11.04 9.47 12.10 Chem.99 4.00 6.38 115.

2012 Total from OECD .R. of Macedonia - - 46 - 3806 1676 4299 4870 - - - 12324 198 50 - - 649 Lithuania - - Romania 1428 955 46 49 115 1 1 176 - - 4531 - - Ukraine 3795 8326 54127 891 - 156 3418 - - 5 12 93 1188 3810 3856 216 - - - 4755 496 612 - 12160 3502 24234 - 554 901 - - (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 13. - 11425 Georgia Serbia 45 - Lativia Russian Federation - - 215 - - 182 - - 3454 303 - - - 252 720 586 1252 10362 11059 11931 11847 75 544 - 633 450 505 685 2176 4614 4710 3210 2347 291 1028 1694 1499 1322 © OECD/IEA.Y. Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 68330 106547 214485 203391 277707 337539 319067 301664 311631 Imports from: 16611 40995 172007 193420 265092 315225 293750 276250 285368 Austria 498 991 6910 8597 12517 17310 16863 19826 18503 Belgium 89 7810 4488 3550 4452 9038 6544 11289 11826 - - - - - - Canada - Czech Republic - Denmark Estonia 289 - - - - 2975 6116 18634 26350 19986 22225 21449 1372 4940 5648 8177 11172 11006 10174 11741 - - - - 1921 2250 1785 1967 Finland 260 1163 362 276 1004 2675 3147 3085 4719 France 2496 4338 55503 77740 77719 66323 56967 43322 48741 Germany 1238 5067 22161 27167 39909 61138 59782 51146 56858 Greece - - 174 209 2192 2312 Hungary - - 696 Ireland - - Italy 318 Luxembourg - Mexico - - 212 622 843 243 722 238 30 41 53 152 85 146 253 357 470 2416 3369 1476 1093 965 778 738 2084 1629 1868 1845 736 - - - - - - - - 215 3906 3499 3902 4031 5568 9272 10511 12772 Norway 5401 1503 16413 8573 20486 14370 15700 13867 5776 Poland - 828 7878 7150 9658 13076 9632 9820 7514 514 1697 1742 3767 2153 1314 2801 3189 5017 Netherlands Portugal 78 Slovak Republic 303 - 778 2484 8825 9058 7487 6063 Slovenia - - 1363 816 4554 3817 5599 7240 8066 Spain 2239 3631 3606 3031 5293 10748 12405 9941 9315 Sweden 549 - 20 1321 14605 8627 12955 15992 16480 10632 14581 Switzerland 3071 7247 23354 26168 29785 35651 31559 32365 31636 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States 96 - 19 - Total from non-OECD 5384 Albania - Azerbaijan - - Belarus - - Bulgaria - Croatia - - F.140 .IV. 404 125 4628 204 4839 24941 61 4293 - - 283 23915 - 4364 - 545 Turkmenistan - 23623 94 163 652 - 15 - - 21286 - 320 736 - 9971 - - 1234 165 - - - 18244 - INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY 89 151 750 Non-specified/others 46335 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.

573 117 178 256 - 154 - 9 122 15 58 Turkmenistan 5415 7418 - - 8583 - 391 Azerbaijan - 7888 - 1554 - Russian Federation - - 541 - 2 13722 - 1891 Albania Romania 30 389 - 205 4472 - - - - 5300 3309 111 95 6 - 118 54 1 - 258 - 6537 - - - - 88 491 - 8 - - - - - - - 379 - 3044 105 - 308 - 146 - 1189 3430 2653 1364 - - - - - 392 24 10 17 4 2850 1263 1718 1334 53045 18768 457 2837 7264 7927 8442 8004 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. of Macedonia - - - Georgia - - Lativia - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - Serbia - Ukraine - Non-specified/others 36197 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .141 IEA EUROPE 14.IV. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. 2012 Total to OECD .Y.R. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 62585 90906 191323 197785 273762 333577 306765 286774 291651 Exports to: 26328 37668 170664 195774 263507 311100 287711 270592 278232 Austria 614 1067 7789 9750 13922 23436 22333 21869 21805 Belgium 1320 1086 2322 6058 11557 15848 17021 9507 12427 Canada - - - - Czech Republic - Denmark 918 1841 - - - - - - 47 4405 8699 10209 8523 8234 6685 12106 3825 8571 10225 12432 10490 10260 - - - 6481 3873 8365 Estonia - Finland 4136 France 2686 9845 7019 3256 3676 10358 10563 19460 20463 Germany 3211 3930 24998 39439 45612 43379 38627 38127 40816 678 Greece - - Hungary - - Ireland - - - - - 233 1288 7826 - 10 87 246 2933 1885 2025 1218 1810 311 67 10513 8304 7407 5946 133 1382 373 452 378 Italy 761 1425 34226 37900 40408 45868 38857 40462 38810 Luxembourg 913 1073 4364 5651 6409 5725 5666 5000 5384 Mexico - Netherlands 1288 10 12657 15497 21835 23149 25231 15562 15486 165 991 407 1911 1231 4144 1824 4815 13258 4 13 4088 2494 7100 7673 7071 6173 2342 1734 2661 4698 9650 10753 7608 5823 6695 Norway Poland - Portugal 132 Slovak Republic Slovenia - - 21 3290 552 - Spain 322 - - - - - - - 3652 4602 2101 5967 13476 7830 8762 - 2089 2805 3307 1733 1309 2594 2136 2337 3209 7632 12271 9060 5884 6782 5183 Sweden 5256 1825 12749 8221 17688 17494 14686 15468 16801 Switzerland 3893 5540 21694 19083 24070 34410 31317 30751 32782 Turkey - - United Kingdom United States 161 - Total to non-OECD 22 60 - 11925 - 193 - 16330 - - 14768 - 9412 15213 11127 7740 1111 1773 1657 1035 495 437 15 - - - - Belarus - - - Bulgaria - - Croatia - - - F. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.

..24 0.42 0.24 82.73 0.03 0... .05 0. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 327..93 161.52 127.. .... wave.43 0... . . .75 9.17 4..59 213. ... . .... .11 118. Type of generation Steam ..01 0. . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.....58 133.15 42... . .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV IEA EUROPE 15.... Available capacity ..IV.08 42..45 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 14.. .14 419.. .53 148. .. ..28 130.41 1.. . . Liquid / natural gas . . . . Combined cycle . . ....08 12. ...36 6. . .24 0. . . . .98 186. . . ...22 779..g.81 801.66 0.29 182.47 15.. ..62 0. ..89 42.28 603.42 0. . ....52 0.... .142 .97 Hydro 99. .79 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products . Natural gas .64 41..17 0. .84 41... Solid / liquid / gas ...24 0.24 0.53 285...24 0.97 255. . . . .... ..15 72. . fuel cells) - - - 0. .49 30. .. . . ..85 416.. . .66 312.70 184. Peak load .33 36. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.23 63.. .25 413.... .. . .44 672. ..72 0... .. .77 556..81 0. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics... . .. Liquid fuels . . ..24 0. . . .58 130. . .. ...38 0. .90 131.. Solid / natural gas . ..40 869....15 130.50 Solar Tide. Other . (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993 and for Slovak Republic before 1995. ...... .. . Internal combustion . ...... ...... . . . .93 181. .. ... . .. .51 406.. . (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid . . ..79 Other (e... ..94 437. .39 351..... .. ..65 28..86 - - 0.58 173.01 825.. .05 120. . .24 0. . . .. .... . . . .50 0. . . .. ocean Wind - - 0. . ...24 0.. . . . .. . ..... .43 1. .. . .42 Geothermal 0. Biofuels & waste .29 55.. . .64 38.85 of which: pumped storage 2. Gas turbine .

... . .57 43. . ... . . Liquid / natural gas ... .80 42. .50 3. .77 0..37 51. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . . .. .. ... ..15 0. ..... .75 Combustible fuels of which (2) : Single-fired: Coal and coal products .. . . .... .. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 49. .. .06 8. ..07 0.IV... ... .33 of which: pumped storage - - 0.. .21 43. . wave.. ..04 47.. .91 55. . . Solid / natural gas . Liquid fuels . . . . .06 48..81 52.. . .. .. Peak load . .10 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0... .07 58. . Internal combustion ...g. ....22 2. . .29 3. . . . Available capacity . . .23 0... . ... . . ..12 57.22 0.. Type of generation Steam .27 0. ......96 3.. .22 0.54 - - - - - Hydro 6. . . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. ... . ..... . . . Gas turbine .. . .62 1... .....92 59... . (2) Breakdown of electrical capacity by type of fuel are shown in the individual country chapters...05 43. Solid / liquid / gas .. . Other . .12 0. . ... .37 0..... . . 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage..22 0.. .46 52...03 48. (1) Capacity data are not available for Czech Republic before 1993 and for Slovak Republic before 2001.54 0.. Natural gas .48 48. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid ...62 7.78 3.03 0. .48 1..... .. . .17 0. .. .. ... INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA...28 Tide. . .06 9.00 49. .. . .. . . . . . ......11 1.. .69 Other (e..... ..84 0.. .11 0... . . Combined cycle ...06 1. .. ... . .42 3. . .02 0. .. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 0...11 0. . .. ....04 0.143 IEA EUROPE 15. ....39 50.. . . .78 2.. .. .. Biofuels & waste . .85 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total Capacity (1) Nuclear 0. . .89 2... fuel cells) - - - 0... .

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

3%) 52.1%) Other (1.25 250 70 50 40 30 200 1 150 100 0./pub. (29.75 20 50 10 0 0 1971 2011 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Energy Industry Comm.1%) 2010 Other (1.145 AUSTRALIA Figure 2.2%) Residential (35. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1. (17. Electricity indicators Figure 3.2 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV.&heat Figure 5. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec. 2001 2006 2010 0.9%) 201.2%) Industry (44.5 TWh Residential (29. serv. Total final consumption by fuel 300 80 70 250 60 200 40 TWh Mtoe 50 30 150 100 20 50 10 1976 1981 Electricity Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro Other Figure 4.9%) Transport (1./TFC Elec.8%) Industry (37./population CO2/elec.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec. 2012 1971 Production/Consumption Product 0 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .9%) Commerce / public serv. Electricity consumption by sector 350 100 90 1.5 300 80 1971=100 1 60 TWh 1./GDP Prod./cons. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv.6%) Transport (1.

7 0.17 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 57.24 1.29 209.86 244.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.41 0.60 86.35 241..1 Natural gas 3. generated (TWh) (5) 64.3 -1.98 0.73 119.53 238.58 30.3 0.22 1.7 1. wind.68 5. 2.41 333.41 95.19 0. Ele.70 5.146 .6 Coal 22.20 34.1 0.14 0.07 31.87 38.08 0.15 0.19 4. ocean and other (e.09 0.45 5.94 1.5 Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .g.23 154.TFC/population(4) 3855 5353 7528 8968 9161 8925 .60 86.53 3.21 0.74 853.5 90-11 1.11 125.38 0.27 874.73 119.4 1.23 108.27 22.16 22.7 76 96 116 108 96 93 .21 0.58 27.IV.86 26.94 451.15 39..TFC = electricity total final consumption.1 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.3 2..0 .56 5.75 39.98 1.6 277.06 69.68 0.23 108. (2) In units of toe/per capita.98 124. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.02 5.2 138 140 128 112 99 96 90 -0.5 .1 3. Energy consumption.4 13.7 Biofuels & waste TPES (Mtoe) 3. Elec.13 -0.33 51.98 124.4 4.53 5.81 17.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 1.06 69.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.9 3.61 5.61 3.5 1.48 31.56 2.80 2. . (2) Net Imports = total imports .11 1.61 14.46 14.96 5.4 -1. fuel cells).07 1. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.7 0.37 41.6 0.8 Oil 26. tide(1) - - - - - - - - - - 0. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.27 1. (3) Ele.16 52.27 26.17 19.02 0. 4.77 9.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Hydro Net electricity imports (2) Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.86 1. (1) Includes wave.38 7.03 5.43 644.25 5. GDP and population Average annual percent change TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 57.80 2.32 34.54 0. 2.55 22.48 893.9 1.11 125.79 19.83 - 11.98 48.35 2.

.3 203.8 96. wave.6 186.9 195.0 0.3 140.1 12.2 46.0 217.3 179.5 - - - - - - - - 3.1 + Imports - - - - - - - - .7 54.1 3..Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption Industry Transport 0.8 59.7 0.1 229.1 155.6 11..0 225.9 16..1 7.1 0.9 15.2 143. Residential Agriculture & fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.9 .4 2. - - - - - - - .2 32.4 0.0 3.5 59.4 16.8 14..1 134.5 27. - - 0.7 8..0 ..1 12. 13. - - - - - - .1 e 3..2 228.8 14.5 48. 1.9 14.1 0. Geothermal .4 224.8 4.0 214. - - - - - - ..7 Oil 1.147 AUSTRALIA 3. Solar .3 41.0 .8 e 2.8 4.8 2.8 1.Exports - - - - - - - - 60.5 174..2 .5 60..9 .2 74. Commercial & publ. wave..0 1.8 4.1 0.1 0. - - - - - - .7 244.7 Nuclear .6 14.3 .1 16. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.8 53.1 0. ocean .5 14.1 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 2.7 213.2 172. (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating. Combustible fuels ..1 0. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.1 9.2 69.4 214.6 14.2 92.8 54. 78.3 48. traction and lighting purposes.0 211. 52.8 9.2 77.1 193. Other (e.9 5.2 e 23.7 189..8 5.9 1.0 9.4 0.2 2.0 201.8 35..8 .6 1..5 0.0 .. . losses .g.9 36.4 0.5 228.8 .9 3.2 76.0 82.0 0.. Wind .6 238.3 .0 14.0 0.9 2.6 .5 - - - - - - - - 11.2 .4 0.3 9.7 29.4 2. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 64.6 197.9 16..9 3. Tide. Other (e.Used for electric boilers - - - - - - - - .0 74.8 13... serv. 23..9 3.1 0.9 225.6 3.5 .9 198. - - - - - - .5 82.2 91. fuel cells) .1 .2 0.5 79.9 0.7 60..4 2.1 Geothermal pumped storage production - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0.1 Nuclear Hydro of which: 0.8 121.. - 2. - - 0.1 14.6 1.8 . electric boilers and pumped storage.7 5.7 15. .0 165.7 0. fuel cells) .g.0 180.4 241.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .2 1.3 3.6 3.1 0.Own use by power plant Net production 61.8 3..2 3.8 0.3 2.6 10.8 Tide. .7 60. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.0 178.9 213.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .8 7..4 227. 8. 18..IV.5 144.3 10.7 15.2 0.5 4.2 129.4 212.3 0. 52.0 15. Electrical energy supplied .0 38.. ocean - - - - - - - - Wind Combustible fuels Coal - - - 0.Transmission & distr.Statistical difference Total consumption .Used for pumped storage 0. Hydro ..8 130.2 e 181.4 15.3 0.6 11. .0 210.8 15.0 208.5 194.6 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. - - - - - - -0.

15 -1.82 200.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 4. wind.4 2. .94 6.2 0.6 -12.88 14.64 5.73 0.62 1.1 2.30 147.78 31.84 30. wind.39 0.58 5.60 95.29 209.53 66.1 2.28 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .73 0.89 7.99 12. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.41 0.35 241.06 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.22 243.g.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.45 5. from chemical heat).3 69.30 12.3 -1.89 7.36 233.42 241.76 1.89 -0.13 88.13 e 3.67 1.36 0.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.84 0.83 1.04 0.27 - - 6.05 9.87 180.64 5.27 - - Coal 2.09 -1.10 - - - 1.86 243.12 0.37 231.76 6.70 5.14 148. tide(2) Biofuels & waste 0.33 0.16 0.96 2.148 .47 0.10 6.0 0.16 12.3 4.5 Hydro Geothermal Solar.63 1.15 0.1 -12.75 1.1 - - - - - - - - - 6.09 4.63 e 4.84 0.21 1.64 1.81 4.5 2. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 70.72 233.53 0.6 Biofuels & waste 0. ocean and other sources (e.91 10.01 234.47 119.2 6.36 11.22 244.55 6.36 0.94 6. tide(2) Coal - - - 44.02 2.29 2.07 0.11 0.3 - - - - - - - - - 13.1 2.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.4 2.31 231.6 -12.02 210.12 5.IV.23 185.47 9.50 10.43 1.07 -3.33 3.05 9.23 154.06 10.4 2.62 30.1 Oil 1.5 -0.11 0.07 244.65 3.47 9.46 9. fuel cells.49 0.50 10.04 0.5 2.89 -0.6 Oil 3.56 e 3.68 e 0.27 0.53 5. (1) Electricity generated = gross production .10 3.91 10.53 2.15 0.06 1.06 10.07 0.0 Natural gas 0.24 1.5 6.15 16.74 2.06 172. (2) Includes wave.2 .05 3.55 200.1 Autoproducers Gross production .05 3.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 0.07 155.6 Natural gas 3.6 - - - - - - - - - Main activity producers Gross production .3 63.41 0.80 - - 184.16 234.32 1.71 87. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.02 96.3 62.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 20.3 14.4 12. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.IV.0 10.4 3.0 10.6 - - - 1 1 1 1 - - - - 18 18 25 25 210 210 - 300 300 - 284 284 - 277 277 - 276 276 - 1.4 - Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.4 0.4 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .4 - 6637 970 240 1953 246 6 2228 287 473 25 209 7650 774 267 3035 148 5 2219 296 626 21 259 4658 24 41 304 36 80 56 4117 6782 197 61 4325 1991 123 85 - 7606 236 292 4808 1424 552 294 - 7533 237 306 4740 1375 567 308 - 7440 232 292 4695 1381 547 293 - 2. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) Total 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 6655 7675 6003 8778 9402 9339 9206 2.2 - - 1134 1 831 302 - 1695 1 1252 442 - 1512 916 596 - 1529 924 605 - 1490 902 588 - 1. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only. . services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.1 8.149 AUSTRALIA 5.

.. .. Biofuels & waste - - - - . . Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - ..... .. . . .. . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. ...150 ... .. . . . . .. 5443 2269 - - ... . .. - - - - - .. - - - - .. . fuels - - - - . . . Chemical processes - - - - . Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change Total Nuclear Geothermal Coal 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 5443 2269 - - - - - 1990-2010 - - - - - ... . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. . comb. . .. .. .. Oil - - - - .. . Geothermal - - - - . .. . Oil - - - - .. of which: Main activity producers Total Nuclear Geothermal Coal - - - - .. .. . . . .... - - - - .. .. ...... .. . ... 5443 2269 - - - - .... . . . . Biofuels & waste - - - - . Natural gas - - - - . . .. Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - . Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - . 5443 2269 - - . . Oil - - - - ... ..... - - - - .. . Non-spec. Chemical processes - - - - ......... comb. Non-spec. . Non-spec.... .. .. . . .. . .. comb. . ...... .. .. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 6...... Coal - - - - ... ..... Total - - - - - - . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . .. Natural gas - - - - .. . ... . . . . ..... - - - .. ... ... . .... . . - Nuclear - - - - ..... . ..... ... . . Heat pumps - - - - ... . . . . .. .. . fuels - - - - . .. . ... 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties... .. . . .. . . . Natural gas - - - - . Heat pumps - - - - .. Chemical processes - - - - .. . Autoproducers Biofuels & waste - - - - .... fuels - - - - .... Heat pumps - - - - .IV....

. - 0.. 4.00 .7 Total .26 41.11 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .17 28.06 7...IV.71 e 0.08 4.49 45. 2012 described in the introductory information. 2.21 0.69 2.89 42.31 57.4 2.73 44.81 6.6 Total Non-Thermal Total Hydro 0.47 4.98 1. 21. Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.84 46. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Total 15.8 Natural gas .98 1.00 0. 2.02 - - Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Thermal - - - 0.88 .59 56.06 22.2 Oil 0.39 9. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind Other (e.97 0.80 20. 0.04 4.11 1.00 0.17 57.09 0.82 46.79 1.01 0.50 0.53 1..03 0.01 52.33 2..30 . -1.4 Oil .53 3.41 1.3 Tide. 7B.151 AUSTRALIA 7A.02 - - 0.44 0.7 -0..64 0. - Combustible fuels 2.19 53.46 0. .64 7.29 1.90 7. fuel cells) - - - 0.43 6.22 1. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 4.27 1.0 -0.4 4..33 0.07 1.27 0.11 0.03 e 45.85 4.03 2.95 0..5 Natural gas 0.3 1. 19.46 .70 31.01 0.43 0.9 Coal 13.01 47.4 .48 1.43 1.5 of which: main activity prod.02 0.22 1.6 Coal .01 0.44 0.5 Biofuels & waste 0.55 e 45.67 28. 1.57 54.41 1..g.00 0.96 34.41 - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.47 45.01 0.94 1. wave.12 .15 0.79 19.17 1.39 3.96 8.

Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal(1) and patent fuel 23866 38197 51100 e 58472 58557 56110 1.7 50728 87573 123833 e 124285 124244 119497 1.8 6976 14359 16245 e 31237 31317 31754 4.0 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (2) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 1117 930 e 516 e 1076 951 840 -0.152 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 8. . Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (3) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.6 (2) Natural gas Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 71247 161478 188882 e 324589 318587 337712 3. 138858 192274 214391 215784 210597 2.6 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal 29798 43037 66416 e 68393 70911 70176 2.1 (3) Total combustible fuels * Excludes CHP plants.IV.0 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) - - - 11338 9021 9409 - Electricity production (GWh) - - - 482 375 408 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - - - 9604 10185 9680 - Electricity production (GWh) - - - 835 863 863 - Electricity production (GWh) 82292 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.7 19034 33317 50346 e 53388 55294 54764 2. (2) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.8 Electricity production (GWh) - 57 66 e 106 108 150 5.5 285435 402188 643650 e 671103 695645 688341 2. 2012 (1) Includes sub-bituminous coal.1 5169 3552 e 1784 e 4058 3583 3161 -0.5 46055 38504 e 19954 e 48671 42989 37929 -0.9 381346 794476 1115347 e 1169753 1173557 1120352 1.5 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - 524 596 e 953 971 1347 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.

6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .4 - Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(2) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(2) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - - 5780 449 - 277 24 - 243 21 - 332 30 - - 1281 2269 1134 - 13554 - 13615 - 13390 - 12. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.7 0. (2) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .e - - - - - - - . Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.5 - Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(3) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.153 AUSTRALIA 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal(1) and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - 3338 61753 5285 - 3256 58765 5014 - 3213 58058 4981 - - Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 5443 1236 12211 531 2269 - 1394 14358 1271 - 1446 14892 1317 - 1431 14740 1305 - 0.2 6. 29683 e 750 - (1) Includes sub-bituminous coal. 2012 9. (3) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.IV.e - 43009 3719 - 51694 4549 - 52890 4469 - - 23310 e 685 e - 76550 3255 - 71364 2714 - 55623 2605 - 3.e .9 4.

07 0.01 0.4 0.31 22.20 12.11 5.59 5.6 1.6 -1.40 3.05 -0.74 1.00 0.9 1.51 0.08 0.30 0.02 0.37 3.1 3.9 1.04 9.0 4.73 6.34 3.16 0.55 3.20 4.56 38.3 4.41 17.6 2.92 27.39 13.54 28.5 0.02 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.31 0.57 5.40 27.7 1.2 - - - - - - - - - Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 15.01 0.11 8.04 7.38 2.4 - - 0.43 37.49 3.00 0.55 69.8 1.0 0.20 2.58 46.02 - - 0.11 25.18 3.28 2.59 19.03 3.7 1.01 1.41 1.27 17.48 7.09 6.01 - - 0.79 -0.68 13.08 1.08 0.04 0.43 0.41 0.02 0.89 4.99 2.04 0.06 27.73 6.9 1.23 0.89 3.73 1.26 26. .9 1. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 39.62 5.48 5.8 - - - - - - - - - 1.56 76.41 3.8 5.24 - 5.66 75.1 - - - - - - - - - - 0.7 -7.80 5.46 -0.03 2. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat - - - - 0.37 3.13 74.36 3.16 6.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 11.02 - 0.14 8.26 0.46 4.89 -0.28 - - 0.33 2.08 0.22 22.8 4.85 16.9 1.77 1.81 11.08 0.62 6. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.15 0.IV.96 28.86 17.35 3.93 16.78 23.56 7.61 0.51 6.92 29.1 1.9 -1.04 6.4 2.35 0.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.09 4.32 0.64 11.11 0.154 .7 12.02 0.2 0.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.01 0.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.91 6.72 38.4 0. & public serv.66 28.62 2.43 - 20.6 2.55 6.21 23.09 0.24 3.49 1.13 0.31 3.9 3.51 4.03 8.87 25.46 17.00 34.75 1.15 0.25 4.72 8.44 5.16 0.06 0.09 0.20 0.1 1.0 - - - - - - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .33 6.9 24.05 e 0.22 5.18 4.46 1.12 5.79 56.35 0.39 3.20 0.82 21.13 2.11 14.16 0.89 6.1 3.59 0.12 7.56 3.56 -3.2 - - - - - - - - - Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 12.48 2.4 5.4 2.22 0.94 1.50 3.8 - 0.31 5. (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.46 2.8 Comm.90 1.13 0.74 20.42 5.

6 2.08 0.49 0.31 - 9.14 1.3 - Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 1.43 5.61 1.2 - 2.09 - 1.05 0.20 - 0.30 1.23 0.15 0.20 - 1.00 0.8 0.4 -11.8 -4.01 0.1 - Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 1.35 2.04 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.28 3.02 e 0.06 0.77 3.7 4.94 1. paraffin waxes.6 -0.06 0.06 0.63 1.01 0.88 3. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2008 2009 2010 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 5.49 - 7.5 -1.11 1.00 0.39 5. This includes use of products such as white spirit.11 4.2 5.43 5.16 1.52 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .25 - 2.54 2.9 4.00 0.8 -0.5 2.155 AUSTRALIA 11.00 0. lubricants and bitumen.94 0.00 1.14 1.23 Heat Non-energy use(1) 2000 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .3 -6.47 2.17 - 2. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.37 5.83 5.04 0.4 - 1. . or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.IV.10 0.5 5.61 - 6.58 2.95 4.12 - 1.96 0.19 0.00 - 10.55 1. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.78 0.2 8. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.35 2.88 0.00 0.92 0.79 0. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.3 2.05 2.52 1.02 0.22 - 2.20 - 2.91 0.36 0.10 1.00 0.5 -1.05 0.89 1.13 - 10.03 1.16 0.19 0.19 0.97 1.08 0.38 1.87 4.28 3.19 - 9.

66 4.31 22..22 Mining and quarrying - 0.81 3. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .56 74.00 0.95 6.01 23.14 2.07 0.42 0.01 0.08 0.22 0.56 - - 0.41 2.46 17.06 Non specified/other 1.51 59.01 0.05 0.27 Wood and wood products 0.01 0.72 - 0.93 0.35 0.32 0.38 0.59 5.30 76.32 Chem.05 2.33 0.29 - - - - Machinery - 0.04 0.33 0.62 Transport equipment - 0.24 10.09 Textile and leather - 1.38 0.46 Construction - 0.05 2.41 0.51 0.09 0.09 6..02 0.35 0.30 0.07 0.97 2.66 Non-ferrous metals 0.09 0.03 1..31 Non-metallic minerals - 0.45 0.44 2.83 4.08 Construction - 0.46 Paper.55 Chem.18 1.40 0.23 0.02 1.42 4.08 3.03 2.11 14.34 5.20 9.01 78.69 6.51 2.26 5.13 2.31 39.01 0.38 0.26 2.68 2.99 - - 0.156 . .02 6.16 Non-metallic minerals 0. and petrochemical - 0.57 0.82 Non-ferrous metals - 9.03 Non specified/other Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 4.84 3.27 10.23 8.41 15.25 0..87 0. .02 0.28 0.39 0. .09 .75 2.57 1.39 0.38 3.29 0.30 1.16 Food and tobacco 0.27 35.63 2.07 0.45 2.45 0.03 0.08 0.46 4.75 4.34 17.74 2.35 0.03 0.12 0.47 0.38 0.83 Food and tobacco - 0.43 0.32 38.42 0.07 8.30 3.66 1.17 0.22 0.87 2.07 2.23 0.98 Wood and wood products - 0.70 8.06 0.77 3.72 4.66 1.IV.51 26.10 2.27 0.48 0.. .27 2.02 0.13 1.63 1.00 Total industry (TWh) 74.44 Iron and steel - 0.08 0. .55 6.56 4. Machinery - 1.86 17.51 Mining and quarrying - 3.26 0.26 0.05 0.84 2.76 39.69 - - - - 1.67 1.68 1.18 0.78 0.27 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 39. pulp and printing - 2.95 4.41 0.41 17.05 0.38 3.28 22. 2012 12.25 0.33 0.98 2.56 Textile and leather - 0.58 0.41 2.66 Food and tobacco - 3.37 0.09 0.92 3.01 0.01 0.31 Total industry (Mtoe) 1.16 0.38 Paper.10 8.97 9.59 19. Machinery - 0.01 0.51 6.22 Iron and steel 3.27 3.79 56.27 17.48 0.62 6.22 0.79 0.13 0.21 23.36 Paper. and petrochemical 0.24 0. pulp and printing 0.00 0.88 0.81 11.91 1.93 76.22 2.45 Non-metallic minerals - 2.67 2.10 0.85 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.41 3.57 Transport equipment - 0.80 5.34 0.25 3.39 Transport equipment - 0.37 Mining and quarrying - 1.18 77.99 1.41 Non-ferrous metals - 0.19 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.01 0.99 2. .98 Construction - 0.56 5.18 0.. pulp and printing - 0.03 5.32 2.54 0.12 0.03 Non specified/other 23.49 5.27 0.61 8.20 Iron and steel - 4.25 0.01 0.78 23.23 0.51 0.55 69.12 4.26 3.49 4.55 4.38 9.42 3.02 4. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.06 - - - - 0.69 2.42 0.86 2.38 3.82 2.87 5.73 6.25 0.81 4.92 23.58 46..71 39.13 74.53 5.60 1.24 1.88 0.19 32.64 1.34 1.55 1.58 0.40 0.09 0.82 2.16 0.52 0.66 75.24 0.98 2.89 0.74 1.03 79.34 Wood and wood products - 0.02 0. and petrochemical - 2.48 0.74 Chem.80 3.43 1.68 3.01 Textile and leather - 0.79 6..08 10.39 0.69 2.39 0.

66 25.58 41.24 32. .25 0.45 29.13 0.74 0.89 Other - - - - - - - - - Peak load 12.86 7.21 42.70 1.95 9.79 0.94 0. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 19.16 0. .51 Internal combustion 0.56 9.65 1.73 Natural gas 0.56 Combined cycle - - 0.16 0. fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 13.49 1.14 8.65 33.43 1.28 0..92 13.59 0.25 24.74 0.51 32.25 24.15 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .60 39.29 0.21 3.49 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 5.86 4.46 15.90 22.30 9.63 39.79 25.40 53.10 0. .88 0.49 1.18 33. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.13 Gas turbine 0.25 1. wave.49 1.62 2.32 9.50 31..IV.32 1.31 25.50 39.10 0.10 8.29 0.59 - - 0.68 0.93 18.19 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.09 29.32 8.88 0.31 0.67 0. ..02 - - - - - - - - 0. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0.34 16.12 0.56 - - - - - - - - - - - 1.51 0.03 1. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics..96 1.97 42.64 - - - - - Multi-fired: Solid / liquid Solid / natural gas Liquid / natural gas Solid / liquid / gas Type of generation Steam 13.15 3.32 Biofuels & waste 0. .13 0.72 1.60 40.49 1.20 29.33 0.04 27.16 2.94 1.54 of which: pumped storage - - 0.88 0.65 42.77 0.86 Other (e.93 3.14 35. .32 6.83 50.76 32.36 28.68 2.20 9.17 51.01 29..24 10.56 5.59 0.60 Available capacity 19.59 0...66 45.92 0.12 3.68 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products 11.18 8.11 28.30 9.59 Liquid fuels 1.07 1.30 39.01 30.13 5.14 24.67 56.88 0.15 0.17 30.g.50 13.49 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - - - - - - Tide.44 1. .14 .157 AUSTRALIA 15.

10 0.33 0.04 1..79 0. - - - - - - Liquid / natural gas - - .52 Liquid fuels - - 0. .33 0. .24 0.33 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. .39 1.26 0.36 e 2.33 Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Hydro - - - - - - - - - of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0..20 1. .09 Other - - . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. - - - - - Peak load .13 0..14 0.23 0..35 2.32 2.34 Multi-fired: Solid / liquid - - .13 2. Available capacity .37 0.31 2.01 0.22 2. . . ..04 1.52 0...18 Tide..23 0.32 0.30 2.94 3..32 0..48 1. ..12 0....09 0.51 1.. - - - - - - Type of generation Steam - - 2.08 0.13 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products - - 1.97 3..32 0.14 0. - - - - - - Solid / liquid / gas - - .01 Combined cycle - - .g.09 0. wave.90 1. - 0. ..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRALIA 15. .54 0. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total capacity - - 2. .96 2.96 2. . .03 0.37 3.56 0.56 0...30 0...IV.13 Biofuels & waste - - 0.55 Natural gas - - 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - Combustible fuels - - 2.52 0..47 1. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - - - - - - Other (e. .36 0..50 Internal combustion - - 0. . .22 0.01 3.07 0.54 Gas turbine - - 0. .21 2.22 0. .07 0. ..11 0.41 0. - - - - - - Solid / natural gas - - ...98 3.81 1.158 .73 0.73 1.29 2.

..50 83.. .50 .. . . .... . .... . ..10 - . .. . . .. Fuel prices for electricity generation Australian Dollars/ unit Steam coal (t) Heavy fuel oil (t) Natural gas (MWh) (1) 8. . . . Fuel prices to end users 1978 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 .97 174 . Household Price of which: tax 33.. 11. . . ......00 - 58.... .. . . . .. ... INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.91 80 . .. 2012 (2) Net calorific value basis. . .. ..... .14 181.. . .... .. . . (1) Gross calorific value basis. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ......20 .40 - 27.90 - 109..90 - 78. 18.80 - 38... . 13. ... Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes. .. . . .11 .. 35. . . ... .00 - . . ...... .. . .56 .. . . End-user prices of electricity Australian Dollars/ MWh Industry Price of which: tax 23... .00 - 91. .. ...IV. Australian Dollars/ toe Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas (2) 53.159 AUSTRALIA 16. ..

2012 .© OECD/IEA.

(18. Total final consumption by fuel 80 30 70 25 60 50 15 TWh Mtoe 20 40 30 10 20 5 10 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4./population CO2/elec.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 1996 2001 Residential Other 2006 2010 0.25 Production/Consumption Product 0 .IV.2%) Commerce / public serv. serv./pub. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. 2012 TWh 1.9%) 25./cons.6%) 61.161 AUSTRIA Figure 2.5%) Industry (47.3%) Industry (43.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.1%) Other (1.5 1971=100 1 15 1 150 10 100 5 50 0. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.3 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. (20.&heat Figure 5.4%) Transport (6. Electricity consumption by sector 30 300 25 250 20 200 1.3 TWh Transport (5./TFC Elec./GDP Prod. 2001 2006 2010 Elec.0%) 2010 Other (3.9%) Residential (24.0%) Residential (29.75 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm. Electricity indicators Figure 3.

04 -0. (2) Net Imports = total imports .1 .00 - - Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.08 10.15 24.61 2.32 67.5 2.62 0..56 6.36 8.83 3.84 28.6 .03 3.84 32.76 33.37 - 16. wind.80 327.7 12.21 337.44 7.60 49.1 0.65 4. tide(1) - - 0.6 Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.5 1.62 319.3 -0.03 5.84 32.93 12.52 3.12 0.8 93 100 104 96 96 98 .8 Oil 0.12 0.10 0.4 2.15 5.92 41.13 5.71 3. .41 3.00 0.24 3.03 0.68 8.30 4.3 141.8 1.29 280.9 - 0.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) 137 121 104 92 90 93 87 -1. Energy consumption. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.84 -0.6 Natural gas 3.04 - 11.07 0.47 2.11 12. Ele.13 0. 2.01 8.8 0. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change TPES (Mtoe) Coal 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 21.37 2.77 2.56 3.6 -0.37 11.24 2.3 3.56 31.84 215.g. fuel cells).1 0.56 31.30 2.07 0. GDP and population Average annual percent change TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 21.30 11.9 90-11 1.10 0.94 62. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.80 4. ocean and other (e.9 0.1 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.72 1.TFC/population(4) 3336 4375 5572 6435 7055 7315 . - (1) Includes wave.47 8.00 0. (2) In units of toe/per capita. Elec.15 0.01 0.9 90-11 1.55 0. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.55 7. (3) Ele.39 8.52 7.48 23.87 3.15 24.73 11.34 -0. 3.3 -0.18 6. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .30 59.10 3.162 .48 23. generated (TWh) (5) 30.87 3.35 0..03 0. 0.84 28..TFC = electricity total final consumption.60 3.13 -0.38 0.8 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 7.IV.14 2.90 3.2 0.50 3.6 -0.30 0.02 0.10 -1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 1.00 0.0 Biofuels & waste 3.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.9 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.20 0.62 0.59 2.07 3.76 33.21 7.71 -6.79 172.00 0.7 Hydro Net electricity imports (2) - - 0.87 66.59 7..10 0.89 0.7 2.

9 25.163 AUSTRIA 3..0 0.1 7. Tide. . Wind .0 0.8 1.3 7.4 19.5 5.8 0.0 12..0 1. Transport 1.0 Solar - - - 0. Agriculture & fishing 0.3 Nuclear .0 0.9 15.IV..Exports 4.1 .9 31. Commercial & publ.4 1.0 Natural gas Biofuels & waste 4.3 2.3 66.4 .0 0. 28.6 0.0 6.4 26. wave.7 Oil 4.0 0.2 24.3 11.9 ..8 28. - - - - - - - .0 0.7 7.4 .Used for electric boilers - - 0.3 3.0 .1 1. .5 26.3 59.0 0.0 61. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.2 18.0 2.2 29.9 3.1 .0 0.3 3.4 59. fuel cells) .8 48.9 13.2 12.Own use by power plant Net production 30. 12.2 Geothermal pumped storage production - - - - 0.5 ..0 23.2 2.2 1. Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 31...0 0.4 0.0 17.0 0.0 50.5 Nuclear Hydro of which: 0.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - . - - - - - - .. serv.4 3.3 3.8 68.0 0.8 51.6 59..3 .6 37.2 . traction and lighting purposes.4 27.1 11.2 17. Geothermal .1 32.4 69.7 2. 11. wave.7 8.8 .1 14.6 5.2 62.9 3.1 12.. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.3 1.0 6.9 7.3 2.9 16.7 17. ocean .9 26.. 0..8 20.7 0.6 11.9 1.4 60.1 63. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Solar .4 3.9 22.0 42.8 7.9 4.7 25.3 2.8 0.7 41.1 0.9 55.1 Tide.0 0.2 39.3 4.0 1..2 1.0 .3 14.8 7.7 9.8 .g..1 1.8 1..3 1.0 0. Other (e.3 3.Statistical difference Total consumption .0 1.3 66. .9 2.4 63.0 0.5 1.1 1.3 40.2 2.3 2.0 2.9 2.0 - - - - .3 - - - 0.6 3.7 18.0 1. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.3 2..0 4.8 0.0 43.7 .3 61. ocean - - - - - - - - Wind Combustible fuels Coal - - - 0.8 3.3 42.1 1.8 17. - - 0.0 0.. - - - 0..3 1..6 16.8 1..Transmission & distr. Other (e. Hydro .. (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating.6 52.Used for pumped storage 0.4 39.6 0.9 17. Residential 6.5 12. fuel cells) .1 65.1 0.4 2.0 0.5 6.9 33.3 42.2 6.8 2.0 .4 1. Industry Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .1 .6 46. - - - - - - .6 0. - - 0.8 13.1 1.5 58. Combustible fuels .7 . losses .1 8.2 0. electric boilers and pumped storage..8 3.0 0.9 5...7 1. 4.0 0.3 .Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption 25.4 26..3 15.8 17.1 + Imports 3.0 6.8 3..1 71.1 2.0 20.3 36.3 62.0 0..8 - - - - - - - - 19.5 19.7 43..0 10.3 5..7 37. 25. - - 0.7 18.1 3.7 26..6 1.5 2.8 11. - - - - - - - . Electrical energy supplied .3 33.7 41.5 17.g.2 2.5 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .5 43.5 66.3 2.

9 -3.7 6.5 1.89 8.3 - - - - 0.5 - - - - - - - - - 5.IV.72 3.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 2. tide(2) Coal - - - 0.75 37.9 Natural gas 1.93 8.38 2.7 6.5 3.9 Oil 1.61 6.36 43.32 67.85 2.46 1.37 1.2 -3.65 29.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 4. ocean and other sources (e.45 9. wind.3 1.38 2. tide(2) Biofuels & waste 0.12 2.45 8.38 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .30 0.99 42.11 39. wind.54 66. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.53 - 25.61 6.21 0.5 1. .83 4.5 Biofuels & waste Autoproducers Gross production .15 - - 2.65 37. (1) Electricity generated = gross production .61 57.8 0.09 71.0 3.98 4.7 .34 2.60 49.7 -1.50 5.19 4.1 Natural gas 3.38 2.00 1.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.g.32 1.87 58.97 50.30 59.2 - - 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 Total gross production 33.77 3.164 .94 2.40 2.03 1.00 0.16 9.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.5 1.48 0.26 1.01 2.14 39.51 0.77 3.09 1.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro Geothermal Solar.27 1.93 8.43 5.58 -2.24 1.36 3.04 2.03 0.06 2.00 0.45 9.31 1.58 2.89 8.41 51.9 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.15 1.52 0.58 5.41 41.0 28.02 0.92 0.25 4.32 2.43 55.48 0.02 - - Coal 0.64 61.87 64. fuel cells.1 3.14 8.88 69.77 2.46 0.95 60.08 2.9 Hydro Geothermal Solar.78 0.73 4.20 2.4 3.48 36.29 61.08 0.81 57.02 2.02 0.10 1.36 1.01 35.45 8.19 4.36 1.40 5.88 41.42 1.58 1.6 28.07 2.7 5.6 1.54 2.69 -4.6 - - - - - - - - - 20.38 1. (2) Includes wave.54 2.97 5.26 66.24 1.00 - - Main activity producers Gross production .00 1. from chemical heat).6 0.33 2.02 0.54 0.3 Oil 1.57 4.37 1.0 2.73 2.58 0.72 0.40 5.50 11.7 1.12 26.0 33.68 0.62 11.5 1.34 2.40 52.99 5.13 2.21 1.71 3.

5 0.5 -0. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.IV.4 -2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .9 - - 861 861 1034 1034 599 599 622 622 532 532 -2.4 42 42 26 26 1056 1029 27 - 557 525 32 - 574 550 24 - 524 502 22 - 412 394 18 - -4. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. .6 15.5 13.1 3.5 3.9 1. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.1 2.7 3.6 -4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.0 - Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified Other Commerce and pub.6 3.165 AUSTRIA 5. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) Total 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 3090 3272 6061 8399 8866 8391 9296 2.2 - - 563 26 537 - 694 42 652 - 807 46 761 - 848 47 801 - 921 48 873 - 2.7 -2.9 -8.5 - 3048 865 643 144 6 7 47 116 1080 28 109 3 3246 850 667 72 8 9 24 121 1382 27 76 10 3581 1038 371 33 2 23 140 1874 30 65 5 6114 1419 328 252 106 10 94 11 283 3293 150 122 46 6886 1789 734 126 15 51 156 3726 268 16 5 6397 1488 692 139 26 33 161 3516 322 13 7 7431 2120 744 141 29 38 174 3765 403 11 6 3.

fuels - - 190 33 145 155 155 - Heat pumps - - - - - - - - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - 8 39 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.3 Total 7817 - - - - - - - Chemical processes Non-spec. 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties.166 . 7... -3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 6.3 Nuclear - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - 416 447 535 538 582 - Coal - 5146 2987 3405 3143 3067 2941 -2. -0.6 of which: Main activity producers Total 7817 24427 42197 56987 63487 73063 . fuels 7817 - - - - - .5 Nuclear - - - - - - . - Geothermal - - 51 60 57 61 ... -0. . - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - 8 39 - - - . - - - - - - . - Geothermal - - 365 387 478 477 ...5 Natural gas - 401 829 1367 1576 1720 .6 Natural gas - 10883 24465 33222 30142 35050 24993 6. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.. comb.. 2.. - Chemical processes - - 190 33 145 155 . fuels - - - - - - . - Autoproducers Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.....0 Oil - 5982 7107 7014 4677 5227 . - Chemical processes - - - - - - .. comb.0 Biofuels & waste - 3190 8368 14671 27142 31462 .8 Non-spec. - Heat pumps - - - - - - ...0 Biofuels & waste - 3939 9788 15687 28661 33375 35992 11. 12.6 Oil - 8471 9998 8809 6886 7459 5108 -0.. - Coal - 4765 2682 3060 2624 2567 . 4. 1. - Coal - 381 305 345 519 500 . 6. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information...IV.6 Biofuels & waste - 749 1420 1016 1519 1913 . - Heat pumps - - - - - - ..1 Non-spec. Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 7817 28447 47883 61603 69512 79644 69771 5.. - - - - - - - ..4 Oil - 2489 2891 1795 2209 2232 . comb. - Total - 4020 5686 4616 6025 6581 . - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - ... Nuclear - - - - - - .7 Natural gas - 10482 23636 31855 28566 33330 .

59 6..18 - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. fuel cells) - - - 0.9 7B..46 1.6 Natural gas .08 0.70 1.1 1.2 Coal .97 2.. 14.21 1. 2.55 0.4 -2.20 0.41 0. 0.7 9.87 0.38 2. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Thermal - - - 0.00 0.48 3.7 ..9 Oil 1.20 0. 0.41 1.77 1.00 - - Solar - - - 0.48 5..1 Tide.59 4.00 0.0 -0.89 1.30 1..9 Oil .74 1.01 0.01 - - 1.00 0.52 3. Total .42 1.00 0.17 0.00 0.5 2.31 3.60 3. .13 .15 0.70 1.41 4. wave.37 .3 1.71 3.69 3.47 2.10 2.1 Coal 0.IV.25 2.45 4.47 1. 2012 described in the introductory information.. 2...41 1.36 0.92 6.81 1.167 AUSTRIA 7A.10 Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.13 0.16 0.47 3.55 .49 1.89 2. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind Other (e.40 0.64 1.99 .01 0.7 of which: main activity prod. 0.27 4.00 0.32 1.34 0.61 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 0. 0. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.78 0.09 5.15 1. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Combustible fuels Total 3.00 0.42 -3.17 0.85 2.60 3.93 2.84 1.32 0.75 1.97 4.88 0. 2.4 Biofuels & waste 0.0 Total - Non-Thermal Total Hydro 1.22 .06 15..61 2.g.52 2.67 0. -2.47 2.9 2. -1.03 0.33 3.30 3.30 3.71 3.11 1.01 - Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - 0.2 Natural gas 1.

8 5806 136 901 678 560 506 6.IV.0 (2) Total combustible fuels * Excludes CHP plants.8 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) - - 437 1174 1093 1473 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 41 84 62 94 - Fuel input (TJ) - - 719 5571 6521 6678 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 45 439 376 362 - Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - - 676 5903 5423 5644 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 45 581 596 614 - Electricity production (GWh) 12551 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.7 Fuel input (TJ) - 2618 3516 11373 13217 14272 8. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.9 343 26997 32394 43298 28548 37650 1.9 37170 1146 7056 5824 4982 4246 6. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) 14 964 1213 1547 1020 1396 1.168 .7 26 2773 3989 5240 3435 4598 2. 9136 12212 15511 14513 16389 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.6 Brown coal 2104 1189 1168 - - - - 25422 13013 11340 - - - - 2570 1528 1213 - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - - - 8267 12897 11833 15848 - 325 - 880 1306 1211 1714 - Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Petroleum products 916 28 173 144 123 106 6. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.8 Electricity production (GWh) - 533 363 1204 1378 1372 4.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 8. .9 3824 4166 4735 5979 6895 7129 2.8 24706 41466 41108 44122 48802 49510 0.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.2 5. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .7 -0.6 -4.2 - 32408 3555 5460 39907 3117 15548 53332 5193 19796 54034 5444 19759 65375 7217 22589 3.6 7.8 -5.3 Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 1724 26 1345 2233 46 1595 3626 48 2595 4827 124 3419 5274 145 3700 5.IV.7 -4.0 5.2 -11.7 9.4 -3.0 Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 935 10185 853 1926 61 792 79 270 - - - - - - - - - - - - 8207 815 381 1289 132 261 1274 118 392 1194 65 515 1204 72 487 -9.4 8.6 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) 324 CHP Heat production (TJ) 7817 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.2 - 95 15 - 915 57 466 913 55 489 790 66 370 - 8651 17229 5737 28808 8615 44205 8860 44674 10970 51322 1. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .2 - 563 23400 1744 4778 298 11775 801 7147 217 8433 566 4232 237 9283 579 5056 282 11020 769 6015 -3.169 AUSTRIA 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 457 12782 1037 2590 209 5694 446 2416 188 5259 283 2975 180 5043 324 2628 177 4761 320 2580 -4.4 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 3257 324 - 4200 583 - 8930 1073 929 28166 2128 13131 27537 2041 12266 29537 2202 14877 10.4 1.0 1.6 3.9 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - 2542 38 749 1018 28 642 2246 222 618 2082 228 542 2341 179 704 -0. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.2 6. 2012 9. (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.1 -0.

2 Fuel input (TJ) .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 10.6 Fuel input (TJ) ... - 40 - - - - Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) . - - 1 2 2 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) . - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) . 273 - - - - - Heat production (TJ) .. - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) .. 5423 8917 9295 10383 12461 4.. 4178 3563 1896 2536 2280 -3..9 Heat production (TJ) .2 Fuel input (TJ) . - - 2 2 4 - Heat production (TJ) .... Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) . ..3 Natural gas(1) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) .... 21 - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) .. 1404 5446 9841 10287 11936 11. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. 101 88 50 59 50 -3..170 ..IV. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Fuel input (1000 t) .0 Heat production (TJ) ...5 Fuel input (TJ) . 11210 18430 22479 24158 27629 4. - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) .6 Heat production (TJ) . 249 - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) .....6 Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. - - - - - - Hard coal and patent fuel Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) . - 50 - - - - Heat production (TJ) .. - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) . 441 1176 1590 1440 1474 6.1 Heat production (TJ) . 690 1692 2053 1861 1874 5. 8307 10606 13511 14308 17819 3.. - - 178 216 312 - Heat production (TJ) . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. - - 247 312 449 - Heat production (TJ) . 3693 2851 1574 1830 1444 -4. 1628 7672 14241 14870 17584 12..

18 0.0 1.05 0.30 0.01 0.04 1.69 3.93 5.84 1.50 -3.02 0.76 0.43 5.02 1.8 9.78 2.68 3.39 0.3 2.00 0.61 0.51 1.25 2.29 2.15 0.63 0.1 -2.38 26.07 5.0 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 3.45 2.70 0.74 0.92 0.18 6.00 - - - -21.6 1.0 3.5 - - 0.16 - 12.15 0.00 0.2 6.04 0.52 7.27 4.1 1.1 - 3.01 0.14 9.36 2.04 0.03 7.7 1.62 8.59 1.29 10. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 0.23 27.55 1.08 0.12 0.4 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 5.03 0.2 1.54 3.15 1.43 -1.9 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.2 1.30 2.39 0.61 1.29 22.01 - 3.03 0.49 8.76 8.00 0.30 0.09 4.25 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .0 2.4 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.00 0.24 0.22 4.54 27.00 0.12 0.01 0.83 1. . 0.20 0.85 6.08 0.8 0.59 0.65 1.29 0.09 2.9 1.3 2.30 0.63 0.25 0.01 0.18 0.49 0.5 4.03 0.0 0.5 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.58 3.25 0.91 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.03 1.52 0.64 19.4 0.45 0.82 7. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 16.27 3.0 2.07 0.67 0.23 0.30 2.01 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0 1.18 2.63 2.5 0.50 1.06 2.51 18.41 1.08 0.8 - - 0.50 1.14 0.8 -0.83 3.52 1.04 0. & public serv.08 -0.0 - - 0.06 0.84 10. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.72 23.8 - 0.88 4.5 2.00 0.38 0.81 11.50 4.06 4.8 2.74 - 5.87 7.9 0.97 1.34 0.27 5.2 -4.171 AUSTRIA 11.90 1.03 7.08 - 0.01 0.00 0.8 - - 0.61 18.99 0.43 0.54 -0.04 4.87 4.42 2.10 0.19 0.3 - - 0.12 0.57 0.84 0.11 0.09 6.7 - - 0.18 2.01 0.6 2.20 0.88 0.06 - 11.2 0.37 2.53 0.1 1.12 1.1 - - - - - - - - - Comm.70 - 5.1 -8.07 0.83 8.25 - 6.41 2.0 -1.49 3.01 0.00 1.4 2.4 24.21 0.7 1.IV.62 0.35 0.58 0.3 0.57 0.71 0.03 0.35 1.22 1.2 0.64 0.07 2.4 0.97 7.78 1.00 0.11 0.69 1.00 -3.1 2.84 3.84 4.39 0.01 0.01 0.37 0.03 0.95 9.01 - 3.65 -6.71 2.47 5.5 0.51 6.68 4.02 0.02 7.62 7.52 0.38 11.

27 0.64 6.07 0.72 6.01 0.3 13.00 0.05 1.01 0.37 0.23 1.07 0.70 0.1 2.02 0.IV.93 2.69 1.19 - - - - - - - - - 0.33 1.31 0.02 0.00 0.34 1. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.66 1.00 0.1 -4.51 6.19 - - - - - - - 1.00 0. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.172 .4 -3.57 0.6 -2.01 0.43 1.1 5.1 4. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.00 0.72 1.01 0.73 1.12 0.40 0. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 5.78 0.03 0.07 - 0.5 5.09 0.00 0.6 4.01 0.04 0.32 0.70 Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Non-energy use(1) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .01 0.84 0.10 0.81 0.1 38. This includes use of products such as white spirit.52 0.09 - 0.00 0.00 0.52 1.38 1.6 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 11.9 4.4 - 0.29 0.0 2.72 1.1 13.85 0.10 0.54 0.52 0.05 1.21 1.08 1.00 0. lubricants and bitumen.64 1.55 0.07 0.0 2.24 1.4 -1.00 0.17 1.23 0.4 -11.65 0.52 - 5.39 0. paraffin waxes.07 0.00 0. .08 0.09 0.25 0.7 -1.6 - -0.51 1.76 1.00 0.61 1.42 3.75 - 5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.72 1.01 12.0 1.01 0.0 - 0.55 1.58 0.39 1.22 1.39 0.91 0.25 0.08 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.10 0.51 0.0 -11.12 1.01 0.01 0.28 6.21 0.19 0.18 0.79 1.8 1.90 0.2 Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 0.24 0. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.8 13.07 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.54 0.

84 0.19 0. and petrochemical 0.23 0.06 0.09 Non specified/other 0.17 0.13 0.17 Paper.87 0.51 2.18 0.07 0.07 0.18 0.71 Machinery 0.40 0.61 18.07 0.78 0.05 0.10 0.32 0.16 Food and tobacco 0.71 0.72 23.14 Machinery 0.04 0. pulp and printing 1.58 0.22 0.34 Non-ferrous metals 0.65 0.30 0.15 0.05 0.53 3.09 0.91 Non-ferrous metals 1.01 0.02 0.14 Total industry (TWh) 26.15 0.69 0.57 2.28 0.86 0.14 0.04 0.52 0.15 0.99 0.05 0.17 0.07 0.85 2.42 2.28 3.77 1.79 1.53 4.18 27.06 0.16 Transport equipment 0.43 7.59 0.17 0.01 0.50 1.67 Iron and steel 1.99 0.01 0.77 0.77 3.15 0.04 0.15 0.10 1.25 3.06 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.27 0.29 0.30 0.73 0.29 Mining and quarrying 0.54 Iron and steel 1.02 7.93 5.39 0. pulp and printing 0.01 4.22 1.05 0.08 0.32 0.12 0.40 1.16 0.57 0.84 1.31 0.36 0.11 0.05 Textile and leather 0.01 0.63 4.41 0.19 0.56 Construction 0.07 0.44 0.53 0.07 0.66 0.03 0.06 0.25 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 2.22 4.22 1.30 Iron and steel 0.43 5.80 2.05 0.17 Non-metallic minerals 1.18 0.99 0.62 7.79 2.33 2.07 Non-metallic minerals 0.80 4.44 0.10 0.24 0.79 0.17 0.85 2.68 3.57 0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.27 Total industry (Mtoe) 1.71 Construction 0.60 Chem.48 0.08 3.13 26.16 Food and tobacco 0.03 Paper.06 0.11 0.31 0.93 0.18 0.26 0.23 27.05 2.04 1.84 3.10 Food and tobacco 0.33 0.97 1.55 0.18 0. pulp and printing 0.70 1.19 0.05 0.13 0.10 0.95 0.24 1.93 1.13 0.91 0.57 0.17 1.06 0.08 0.05 2.48 1.08 0.05 0.77 2.25 3.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .06 0.36 0.02 0.46 0.49 0.51 0.07 5.04 0.14 0.IV.43 Mining and quarrying 0.68 0.15 0.13 0.06 0.63 0.41 Wood and wood products 0.65 0.06 Machinery 0.81 3.57 0.33 0.28 0.54 0.18 0.62 1.05 1.93 Chem.17 0.70 12.85 Transport equipment 0.65 Total industry (Mtoe) 5.10 0.42 0.55 0.04 0.61 1.39 0.81 0.29 2.94 Transport equipment 0.25 2.38 0.68 4.29 0.22 0.38 1.33 5.17 17.18 6.74 0.10 0.52 7.00 2.20 1.12 0.11 0.28 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.82 0.15 0.20 26.05 0.73 0.64 19.19 0.57 0. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .62 0.96 Non-ferrous metals 0.15 0.11 0.96 1.32 0.04 0.44 1.22 0.36 3.07 0. and petrochemical 2.64 0.40 0.15 0.09 0.06 0.30 3.18 0.10 0.88 0.14 3. 2012 12.55 1.07 2.72 3.60 Textile and leather 0.53 0.17 0.67 3.25 0. and petrochemical 0.04 1.01 0.03 0.10 0.18 0.09 0.08 0.25 0.15 0.54 27.72 0.29 0.21 0.58 0.52 0.18 2.64 0.81 Wood and wood products 0.14 1.93 1.85 3.48 Textile and leather 0.55 0.33 0.18 0.18 0.18 2.42 0.52 1.57 Paper.31 Chem.68 27.52 0.07 0.11 0.13 0.43 0.67 1.08 0.09 0.60 Mining and quarrying 0.21 1.78 2.62 Non specified/other 0.95 1.17 0.12 0.27 5.52 0.23 0.04 Non specified/other 0.06 0.16 0.79 1.85 Non-metallic minerals 1.39 0.15 Construction 0.70 1.16 0.96 0.69 5.59 0.12 14.19 0.16 0.77 0.70 Wood and wood products 0.06 0.173 AUSTRIA TFC (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 16.38 26.78 1.45 0.07 0.39 0.19 0.15 0.43 0.10 0.98 20.33 0.

2012 Greece 14282 .R.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 13. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.Y. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - 17 65 - 76 21 - 580 - 290 2 12093 873 - 212 - 468 - 36 3 106 582 - 24 53 Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - 3164 - - - - - - - Non-specified/others 3261 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.IV.174 . Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 3261 3164 6839 7287 13824 22130 19796 19542 19898 13824 22130 19796 19542 19898 Imports from: Total from OECD - - 6839 7287 Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - 2975 2081 5385 6989 5336 6856 6527 Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - Germany - - 3559 4580 7363 - - - - - Hungary - - Ireland - - 212 - 270 1 843 12757 - 243 - - - 11956 - 722 - 238 - 640 - Italy - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - - - - - - - - Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - Spain - - - Sweden - - - Switzerland - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - - - - - - United States - - - - - - - - - Total from non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.

Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 4808 7136 7298 9757 15192 15511 14933 18762 17567 15192 15511 14729 18528 17304 Exports to: Total to OECD - - 7298 9757 Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - Denmark - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - 3179 4010 5410 2964 3804 4483 4791 Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - Ireland - - 9 - 233 - 2 - 580 - 39 - 426 - 56 - 1455 - 260 - 848 - 251 - 1406 1011 - - Italy - - 1703 1323 1945 1396 1360 1192 1327 Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - - - - - - - - Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - 1370 1861 3235 1436 1214 2534 2012 Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - 1974 4174 8221 7447 8653 7912 Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - - - - - - United States - - - - - - - - - Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV. 2012 47 - . 766 204 234 263 (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .175 AUSTRIA 14.R. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - 7136 - - - - Non-specified/others 4808 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.Y.

88 18.54 0. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 7..03 0.64 e 4.24 0.56 Combined cycle - - - 0.05 11.25 0.72 12.75 Available capacity .14 3.08 0.79 1.03 0.26 11.20 e 3. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - 0.62 11.50 7.38 Solid / liquid / gas - 2..05 12. .44 9.49 0.26 0.87 5.98 1.22 3.64 4.24 2..23 0.54 2. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.81 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 5.26 3.36 0. ..50 2.03 0.29 1.00 .07 0..75 1.72 10.90 3.70 11.22 Natural gas 0.68 1.10 0.03 5.09 15.47 0.25 0.18 17.91 .98 Other (e.50 2.20 3.04 0..05 0.01 0.176 .02 2.72 1.02 0.86 2. . .11 Gas turbine - - 0.g..41 9.64 18.03 Solid / natural gas - - - - - - - - - Liquid / natural gas - - 0.36 15.12 2.24 0.23 1.54 0.66 9.22 0.01 5.IV.77 1. . 6. .29 18.. 9.97 3.35 0.90 0.17 Liquid fuels 0.25 2.. 9.51 0.77 1.03 0.00 0.28 0. fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 2.16 4.68 Internal combustion - - 0..07 0. .25 4.80 0. . .28 0.38 0.49 0.03 - - - - Type of generation Steam 2.06 Biofuels & waste Multi-fired: Solid / liquid - - - - - 0..54 1.25 0..05 0.51 0. wave.82 1.25 0.64 2.06 5.79 1.24 Other - - - - - - - - - Peak load .50 2.74 5.08 0.29 1.40 0.10 Tide.06 0.05 0.77 5.15 of which: pumped storage - - 1.49 0.40 0.51 0.35 10.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 15.48 - - - - 0.10 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - 0.01 0.59 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products 0.00 1.65 16. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.83 1. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.

.36 0.81 e 1. 0.08 0.57 0.79 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .54 0.86 1.92 1.11 0.14 0.07 0.12 0.11 0.13 0.12 Liquid / natural gas - - 0.10 0.57 1.04 0.07 1.. .177 AUSTRIA 15.54 0.37 0.06 0.g.. fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 0. ..52 Biofuels & waste - - 0.12 Solid / liquid / gas Type of generation Steam 0.. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.40 0.06 0.34 0.14 0.12 Natural gas - - 0.02 0.82 1.12 0.01 0.40 0.10 0. . .92 0.15 Solid / natural gas - - 0...10 0..10 0.05 0.07 Gas turbine - - 0.81 1.03 - Combined cycle - - .11 0.27 1. .45 0.38 0..33 0.75 0..12 0.48 0.44 0.. . .. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.19 0.12 0.44 0. Available capacity .04 0.11 1.03 0. .07 0.05 0.98 2.IV.68 0. . ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - - - - - - Other (e.06 0.75 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products - - 0.81 1.43 0.13 0. . ..45 0.15 0.07 - - - - 0.. .45 0.99 Internal combustion - - 0. .37 1. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.03 0.15 0.51 1.08 0.48 0.60 0.00 0.01 0...08 0.60 0.03 0..09 1.69 Other - - - - - - - - - Peak load .09 e 0..11 0..55 of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - - - - - - Tide.38 Liquid fuels - - 0.21 0.30 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 0..14 0.12 0. .06 0.35 Multi-fired: Solid / liquid - - 0.13 0.40 0.60 1.56 0. wave.11 0. .63 1.29 1.17 0.47 0. .00 1.01 0.07 0.09 0.

.37 279.31 ..60 - 54..30 6..70 - 47.00 128.IV. .50 184.14 8.55 196.60 21. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.13 63.00 18.07 151.72 351.94 10.178 .84 . Fuel prices to end users 1978 1980 1990 172. 106 168 .10 53. 97..00 50.40 18.. 126 244 .50 - 98.53 234.65 . 96. Household Price of which: tax 84.62 194.51 53..00 105.67 157.. End-user prices of electricity Euro/ MWh Industry Price of which: tax 41.40 127.74 .00 175.34 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes..55 261 104 112 238 161 221 96 109 136 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 70. Euro/ toe Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas (2) 88 79 .04 51. 83.00 - 41... Fuel prices for electricity generation Euro/ unit Steam coal (t) Heavy fuel oil (t) Natural gas (MWh) (1) 58... ..80 49.10 .50 36. 82.25 160. (1) Gross calorific value basis. 2012 (2) Net calorific value basis... 125 291 .14 .05 154. 145 158 .79 17..33 76..15 104. . 148 367 .67 100. .80 156.20 7.20 95.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV AUSTRIA 16. .99 ..

/cons.IV. 2001 2006 2010 Elec. Electricity consumption by sector 1. 2012 TWh 30 Production/Consumption Product 40 ./GDP Prod.3%) 34. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.3 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.25 200 1971=100 1 25 20 1 150 100 15 0. Electricity indicators Figure 3.8%) Commerce / public serv.&heat Figure 5.4%) Residential (24.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec. (9. Total final consumption by fuel 45 100 40 90 35 80 70 60 25 TWh Mtoe 30 20 15 50 40 30 10 20 5 10 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4. (26.5 300 45 250 35 1./TFC Elec. serv.6%) Transport (2./pub.2 TWh Transport (2.8%) Industry (65. 1996 2001 Residential Other 2006 2010 0.75 10 50 5 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.6%) Other (1.2%) Industry (45.179 BELGIUM Figure 2.2%) Residential (22.1%) 83. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 2010 Commerce / public serv.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ./population CO2/elec.

total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..7 Biofuels & waste 0.34 17. ocean and other (e.88 10.7 190.95 0.55 12.11 16.77 89.11 0.02 2. 0. .80 229.14 -1.86 55.17 0.25 10.95 0.1 0.9 .00 0.17 13.g.76 3.20 0.62 53.62 391.06 - - Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.15 0.7 Coal 11.00 0.01 0.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.74 4. wind.98 3.80 22.23 -0. 3.68 -2.80 93.99 46. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.IV.24 0..05 0.00 - 3.3 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.28 58.0 . (5) Electricity generated = gross production ..06 -0.79 10.17 0. generated (TWh) (5) 40. GDP and population Average annual percent change TPES (Mtoe) GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 45.91 8. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) - - 0.29 82.75 1.49 12.00 0.9 -1.06 399.76 88.88 2.17 0.95 24.04 0.84 5..10 60.5 1.02 0.1 Natural gas 7.1 0.1 84 89 97 105 93 98 . 2.71 5.57 7.3 -6.77 48. (3) Ele.8 -1. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Energy consumption.00 0.84 348.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 1.11 0.86 9.09 70.4 -0.51 57.95 0. - (1) Includes wave.68 -0.01 0.8 0.9 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 9.5 Geothermal Solar.73 9.1 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.49 2.8 2.26 23. Elec.1 0.22 9.27 11.96 14.14 8.11 3.6 -1.TFC = electricity total final consumption.34 - 29.99 46.03 0. Ele.32 0.0 Nuclear 0.59 5.06 0.8 - - 0.15 0.13 12.19 2.51 57.07 0.15 3.29 5.57 45.18 11.1 0.97 10.00 0.3 Oil TPES (Mtoe) 90-11 27.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) 155 131 111 108 94 98 88 -1.86 55.28 0.00 0.03 0.02 0.180 .92 407.37 -0.6 - - 0.3 1. (2) In units of toe/per capita.3 1.28 58. (2) Net Imports = total imports .10 60. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 45.96 23.3 0.73 4.40 10. fuel cells).16 0.04 2.10 30.34 279.4 4.02 0.TFC/population(4) 3518 4398 5819 7571 7162 7658 .31 12.1 7.3 90-11 0.36 15.69 23.02 3.77 48.

Exports 2. (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating..3 7.5 12.8 11.3 2.8 0.8 1..6 14.3 27.1 0.Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption 34.4 32.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .6 0.7 3.2 83.6 . 3.6 83.. Hydro . 22.9 16..3 58.. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.6 3. - - - 0.7 48.181 BELGIUM 3.0 1.9 48.0 43. serv..1 0. Other (e.2 95.5 91.4 23.7 1.0 11.5 8.9 84.2 . 0.7 1.8 0.9 21.7 37.0 39.7 38.3 0.8 1.9 1.1 0.4 2.6 3.9 40.Transmission & distr..3 0.3 0.3 . excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.1 37.0 77..3 83.6 1.0 1..9 30.3 5. Industry Agriculture & fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.5 7.6 0.1 .0 87.3 .5 80.2 .4 Nuclear 0.6 + Imports 1.3 0.Own use by power plant Net production 39.6 1.5 1.Used for pumped storage 0. Other (e..5 39.3 ..5 6.3 0.5 Tide. Solar .8 0. ocean - - - - - - - - Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste - - 0.2 0.2 47.7 26.8 87.7 6. 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.8 1.7 21.5 45.3 11.0 0.2 0.7 45. - - - - 0....Statistical difference Total consumption .8 1. losses .6 1.3 40.6 47.0 0. 1. .1 0.6 13.4 9.2 1..6 70. . .4 8.6 3.4 1.8 62.6 6.6 79.3 2. fuel cells) .9 1.1 12.9 39..9 59.5 0.8 32.g...7 1.6 . Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) 1973 Gross production 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 41. Wind .2 of which: 0.6 19.4 1.3 .0 0.7 3.1 5.7 85.1 89.1 0.4 87.4 0. Residential 7.0 5..4 23.3 5.3 25.7 .8 10. wave..3 9.4 1.9 8.4 5.8 12..6 6.2 .5 42.7 0..8 1. - - - - - - . 38.5 22.0 0.6 1.2 77.6 .7 3.3 4.2 0.0 1.2 4.9 47. Nuclear .9 1. - - - 0.0 91.7 3..6 0.8 44.6 42.3 80.4 Geothermal pumped storage production - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - 0..0 0. electric boilers and pumped storage..2 .8 29.4 35.IV.7 1. traction and lighting purposes.8 ..3 34.7 1. Geothermal . Tide.. 11. Commercial & publ.8 36..g.1 53.0 45. - - - - - - .7 1.2 1.7 0.4 .3 31.2 43.9 4. fuel cells) . Combustible fuels .6 1.3 e 41..3 83.0 .6 2. wave.4 2.2 12.2 Hydro 0.2 1.0 - - - - 0.9 .2 47.7 1. - - - - - 0.9 2.8 1.Used for electric boilers - - - - - - - - .4 23.1 1.1 90.3 0. ocean .0 22.0 20.3 45.4 1.8 18.2 20.3 1.0 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. Transport 0.4 40.4 13.0 10.4 1.1 - .6 1.8 4.7 .2 1.0 0. - - - 0. Electrical energy supplied .1 79.8 15.7 5. 35.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .4 16.2 83.2 1.1 51.8 1.1 18.0 0. - 0.7 .3 8.0 67..

58 89.8 13.46 0.00 1.47 17.29 82.20 0.35 1. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.63 1.50 0.12 0.18 -8.95 18.45 0.36 0.4 Nuclear 0.09 70.22 47.49 1.64 70.16 45.66 6.05 0. from chemical heat).37 1.2 3.25 4.9 42.30 0.24 1.24 1.26 0.41 0.4 0.01 0.73 0.76 3.58 49.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Geothermal Solar.74 3.5 .24 2.02 49.82 0.26 -8.66 5.59 5.g. fuel cells.44 27.8 16.2 1. tide(2) Biofuels & waste 0.6 Oil 3.20 2.43 1.14 0.73 -2.01 1.94 5.68 0.05 87.76 2.00 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.182 .01 0.36 13.83 4.75 1.69 -9.36 0.94 43.4 Coal Oil 6.35 1.38 0.07 28.24 0.71 2.6 Hydro 0.7 0.33 0.37 0.14 12.3 11.87 3.69 7.92 84.06 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 4.76 2.82 5.36 2.45 0. .88 1.23 95.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 30.8 9.2 0.1 -5.75 1.74 3.72 48.14 -11.64 0.43 1.18 82.69 4.28 0.88 3.4 Biofuels & waste 0. (2) Includes wave.77 15.82 - - Coal 4.IV.55 81.5 1.82 5.57 47.25 0.00 0.2 Nuclear 0.11 0.26 11.07 80.29 - 29.55 0.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.1 1. wind.77 83.1 Natural gas 3.7 3.58 0.16 0.88 3.95 5.18 e Autoproducers Gross production .7 3.0 1.12 3.2 -7.01 - - - - - - - - Hydro 0.8 6.2 3.55 42.6 13.33 67.27 0.01 84.48 23.18 -8.31 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.5 Natural gas 7.80 93.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.31 53.9 7.4 -6. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 Total gross production 42. wind.04 0. tide(2) - 0.27 -17.28 0.64 1. ocean and other sources (e.61 15.25 0.42 0.8 - - - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.88 68.64 1.51 4.71 2.40 89.41 0.1 -5.2 - - - - - - - - - 11.2 1.5 31. (1) Electricity generated = gross production .63 1.9 Main activity producers Gross production .97 88.70 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .76 53.46 0.93 91.36 2.55 0.30 82.71 85.

1 7.1 7.IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. . services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified 2 2 2 2 1 1 309 37 12 260 550 18 284 248 - 874 95 432 347 - 1628 65 352 969 242 44.4 1914 1914 597 597 569 142 427 88 88 - 11 11 - 978 954 24 982 982 - 2. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 11103 3527 2565 1548 2701 3620 4989 3.2 - 9187 1693 873 453 18 168 335 118 5529 2928 1140 755 248 29 205 219 106 226 1995 761 602 147 4 298 178 5 - 1150 244 371 95 4 1 235 191 9 2140 511 390 100 3 6 22 437 422 5 244 1768 108 304 58 21 4 14 388 444 157 5 265 2379 228 726 97 9 5 18 451 687 158 - 0. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.9 -5. Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.183 BELGIUM 5.8 10.9 -2.0 - Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified - - - 1 1 - - - - Other Commerce and pub.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .8 2.7 31.6 Total Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.8 0.

6 419 368 832 3556 3400 3529 3722 12. - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - ..0 Natural gas 8729 4990 22201 15793 27608 31443 . comb.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 6. - Biofuels & waste - - - - - 7 .8 Coal 1679 1579 - - - - .IV. fuels - - - - - - . - Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics... - Oil 6301 2762 85 64 - 518 .. - Heat pumps - - - - - - . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..184 ... Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 17128 9742 23171 22366 31982 38311 30559 7... - Oil - - - - - - . - Natural gas - - - - - - . 9.7 of which: Main activity producers Total 17128 9742 23171 19464 31093 35573 . comb..0 Natural gas 8729 4990 22201 15793 27608 31443 23816 9. comb.6 419 368 832 3556 3400 3522 . - - - - - - - .8 Total Coal 1679 1579 - - - - - - Oil 6301 2762 85 64 - 518 553 -8... - Coal - - - - - - ... fuels - - - - - - .. -8. - Heat pumps - - - - - - .. Nuclear - - - - - - . 3.1 Nuclear - - - - - - - - Geothermal - 43 53 51 85 90 90 3... - Geothermal - 43 53 51 85 90 .. fuels - - - - - - - - Chemical processes - - - 2902 889 2731 2378 - Heat pumps - - - - - - - - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6..0 Biofuels & waste Non-spec. - Total - - - 2902 889 2738 .. - Chemical processes - - - - - - . - Autoproducers Non-spec..0 Biofuels & waste Non-spec. - - - - - - . - Chemical processes - - - 2902 889 2731 . - Geothermal - - - - - - .. 12. - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - . .. 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties. - Nuclear - - - - - - .

5 1.39 1.3 Coal 2.67 6.85 0.56 1.03 2.32 3.15 1. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Thermal 0.2 Biofuels & waste 0.9 of which: main activity prod.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .3 0. 3.50 e 1.13 12.11 0.05 0.54 45.06 .34 6.56 7. fuel cells) - - 0.01 0.23 4....17 4.02 0.8 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.25 . 7.02 3.0 Oil 4.4 Natural gas .86 1.1 0.38 e 0.04 0.29 5. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.01 0.02 0.02 0. 7B.38 e 1.31 12..73 5.26 0. 8.02 .69 0.06 0.07 0.06 0. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Combustible fuels Total 9.13 12.29 e Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.80 6.43 -2. 3.8 Oil .08 -16.27 11.88 12.04 0.72 24.90 3.78 7. 2012 described in the introductory information.00 0. wave.83 4.88 .06 0.88 12. 1. 1.5 Coal . -5..17 0.10 0..34 4.09 0.11 7. .9 7.00 0.6 0.8 . -5.02 0.g.04 8.IV.16 3.02 0. Total .18 0.4 Natural gas 2.55 11.45 1.1 0..32 12.55 11.03 0.02 3.60 1.. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind Other (e.54 .49 45.33 3.18 3.27 11.6 Tide.6 0.8 Total Nuclear Non-Thermal Total Hydro 0.26 1.6 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - 0.54 3.00 0.11 - 29.8 9.01 0.09 0.05 - - 0.04 0.93 9.30 1.98 5.0 -6.04 3..27 1..37 1.01 0.0 -5.14 2. 8.23 1.29 -3.56 8.1 7.53 1.90 4.76 3.04 0.43 1.49 7.185 BELGIUM 7A. 0.

186 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 8.3 Electricity production (GWh) 33989 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.1 Electricity production (GWh) - 7 78 264 454 201 18.1 9337 11585 12827 5432 5063 4095 -5.1 Fuel input (TJ) - 3226 965 5530 5460 6478 3.7 Electricity production (GWh) - 135 11 1783 1797 1900 14.8 Fuel input (TJ) - 608 114 17829 17923 18671 18.IV.4 86493 108892 108004 51798 48190 38524 -5. .5 61950 53411 103829 e 109765 148761 154318 5.9 Fuel input (TJ) - 11434 12466 22446 16684 23758 3.7 Electricity production (GWh) - 350 657 1003 958 1420 7. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. (3) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.5 Electricity production (GWh) - 231 72 322 279 274 0. (2) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.9 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) (2) Natural gas Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels (3) Total combustible fuels * Excludes CHP plants. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.3 Fuel input (TJ) - 146 e 831 2792 4297 2048 14. 19981 28438 24939 27839 29024 1.1 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - 26747 18233 27480 12126 9006 13938 -1.4 5968 5160 11310 14611 18243 19398 6. 2012 (1) Includes sub-bituminous coal.1 15987 839 369 300 156 142 -8.6 151204 6349 3120 2406 1518 1457 -7.3 2397 1674 3114 1224 889 1594 -0. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal(1) and patent fuel 3771 4459 4309 1866 1663 1469 -5.2 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal Peat (2) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Petroleum products 3749 157 77 58 37 32 -7.

187 BELGIUM 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal(1) and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 1806 37926 3477 1650 2178 53348 5510 1508 65 1659 89 - 87 2560 115 - 78 2291 105 - 52 1340 95 - -17.8 -18. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.4 6.9 Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(2) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(2) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(3) Electricity production (GWh) 6275 CHP Heat production (TJ) 17128 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. (2) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.0 12722 8729 7938 245 4990 42407 e 4667 21133 87006 10035 27508 82786 11067 27538 91817 12022 31370 13. 2012 9.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .0 - 505 20200 2420 6301 171 6836 475 2762 77 3029 428 69 19 828 106 1 23 947 124 - 50 2216 264 518 -6.5 9. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.4 - Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3657 378 29 10487 1086 71 - 10723 464 - 1081 90 - 1961 164 - -8.0 -5.9 -8.IV. (3) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.0 -16.6 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - 652 153 - 5101 702 271 5652 860 266 7466 1004 292 - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - 4719 313 78 1993 83 216 3426 205 579 2476 173 329 - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - 592 32 270 1081 26 271 9505 334 2313 7114 21 2559 - - 249 20 41 1614 210 249 2423 375 242 4112 634 349 - 7316 9331 5702 21591 11741 28516 13160 30938 14377 35417 3.0 21. Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) . (1) Includes sub-bituminous coal.0 -9.5 -2.

368 1527 51 70 73 -7. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 10. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal(1) and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Brown coal Peat (2) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) - - 1 - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - 23 - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - 16 - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - 1382 57 e 82 89 - Heat production (TJ) - - 1068 51 70 73 - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - 88 21 - - - - Heat production (TJ) - 68 19 - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - 330 e 471 - - - - Heat production (TJ) - 300 424 - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.188 . (3) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. 2012 (2) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.IV.8 Natural gas(2) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels (3) Total combustible fuels (1) Includes sub-bituminous coal. .

67 7.7 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 13.2 1.56 1.93 20.02 0.03 0.78 8.01 0.11 11.85 16.3 -7.7 - - - - - - - - - Comm.29 0.85 1.99 4.38 1.36 2.03 1.20 3.08 10.49 0.62 0.1 4.54 1.67 -2.65 0.22 41.82 10.01 0.00 0.34 5.06 2.60 0.22 2.53 0.4 - - 0.12 0.1 0.29 0.00 0.62 0.71 8.01 - 14.7 2.3 5. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 1. & public serv.79 1.3 - - - - - - - - - - - 0. .03 2.7 2.3 0.71 9.39 0.8 0.61 1.66 -1.71 4.3 5.03 6.94 1. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 33.01 0.43 3.21 1.81 3.16 10.00 0.19 0.68 -0.16 3.22 0.58 1.56 1.57 3.29 32.97 1.61 -6.55 -3.01 0.59 11.01 - - 0.42 1.06 8.8 - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.00 0.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.00 - - 0.18 2.6 1.54 2.54 3.36 0.36 - - 0.06 -1.01 0.40 - 6.99 6.01 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .IV.5 1.79 -2.09 6.88 4.0 2.4 3.42 5.94 3.44 4.16 0.40 6.1 5.73 4.2 -0.08 - 8.8 2.00 - - - - - - - 0.0 -7.5 -0.67 1.01 0.1 5.60 7.43 0.23 3.0 1.17 9.61 3.82 10.07 0.46 0.1 5.32 6.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3.19 0.47 0.38 42.00 - - - - - - - 4.2 1.36 0.16 16.36 39.7 -4.05 1.83 1.73 32.7 (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries.47 0.38 0.92 8.28 1.66 10.61 4.72 4.62 3. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.69 2.70 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .10 0.57 0.8 1.15 0.95 1.00 0.38 0.60 2.16 0.71 0.95 6.37 0.13 20.3 1.07 0.64 7.14 8.11 0.00 0.01 2.3 2.2 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.11 6.95 21.07 0.4 0.88 3.18 9.91 5.15 2.21 0.00 0.93 2.08 0.32 0.5 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 4.6 1.46 -1.98 2. 0.20 10. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.72 1.65 0.8 20.51 12.2 - - - 0.92 19.60 5.50 0.15 0.75 0.07 41.08 6.06 2.32 0.74 - 7.67 8.189 BELGIUM 11.7 - - 0.

01 0.6 0.75 3.05 2.2 9.74 0.02 0.7 -8.30 0.01 0.03 - - 0.51 1.83 0.06 0.72 0. paraffin waxes.13 6.6 - - - 0.01 8.23 0.15 2.01 0.44 0.6 - - - 0.81 0.49 0.47 0.65 - 9.13 0. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Non-energy use(1) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 11. .01 -1.02 9.01 0.2 1.03 0. lubricants and bitumen.90 2.01 0.12 3.48 0.05 0.36 3.03 4.20 3.22 1.45 - 0.07 0.43 0.23 1. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.25 7.02 8.01 3.26 1.1 5.09 0.16 2.01 0.00 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.00 0.01 - 22.00 - 0.84 0.15 1.53 0.IV.03 0.59 -0.02 0.5 -2.31 0.3 -0.97 0.00 0.14 7.74 0.82 0.28 0.78 0.74 8.61 3. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.00 0.09 0.3 - 0.02 - 0.0 -4.23 2.01 0.52 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .58 0.17 0. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes.19 1.04 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.69 0.45 0.10 0.52 3.15 3.3 0.67 0.190 .00 0.48 2.49 - 0.5 0.29 0.03 - 0.02 0.77 3.15 7. This includes use of products such as white spirit.28 0. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 11.59 1.02 8.7 2.01 0.7 -0.01 0.09 0.06 4.51 0.0 5.04 0.00 0.01 8.51 - 0.03 - 18.29 0.0 3.4 -7.5 - 2.

33 0.23 0.09 0.14 0.18 0.10 1.13 39.35 5.14 0.15 0.23 0.40 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) 2.09 Total industry (TWh) 38.18 0.17 0.40 0.73 1.84 1. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.28 1.26 0.83 Wood and wood products 0.11 0.33 0.03 0.10 1. and petrochemical 2.67 0.15 1.08 0.75 1.09 Transport equipment 0.79 3.78 0. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .30 0.94 3.22 Non specified/other 2.24 0.05 2.88 6.96 0.19 0.19 0.95 4.21 0.63 0.09 0.69 1.72 0.03 Non specified/other 0.15 0.16 0.59 0.02 1.87 1.05 0.07 0.69 2.10 0.95 1.25 0.04 0.15 0.24 0.79 0.18 0.64 7.44 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.78 2.05 0.96 1.01 0.26 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .15 0.45 1.14 0.26 0.38 0.11 Non specified/other 0.54 0.56 3.28 2.29 0.23 0.64 1.21 0.43 3.75 0.73 0.19 Food and tobacco 1.57 1.29 32.81 3.10 0.09 Machinery 0.10 0.07 0.28 0.21 1.55 0.08 0.30 2.43 0.06 0.22 0.06 0.10 0.62 0.62 3.11 2.IV.44 0.09 2.02 1.12 0.05 0.38 2.16 1.35 0.42 23.10 0.16 0.22 41.08 0.45 0.08 0.45 3.24 0.03 0.08 Iron and steel 4.60 0.99 Chem.46 0.20 0.11 0.48 13.36 2.71 9.46 13.50 Non-ferrous metals 1.05 0.10 Food and tobacco 0.15 0.72 1.33 0.06 0.35 0.88 13.76 1.68 13.44 0.05 10.16 1.45 4.17 0.21 0.34 0.53 2.39 0.87 5.11 0.16 Mining and quarrying 0.13 0.73 4.18 Construction 0.42 0.16 Total industry (Mtoe) 1.41 Textile and leather 1.16 Non-ferrous metals 0.14 6.07 0.33 0.73 32.24 0.55 3.01 0.191 BELGIUM TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 33.18 12.57 4.27 3.20 10.49 6. pulp and printing 1.53 0.51 0.51 1.28 Iron and steel 0.29 0.18 0.15 2.62 0.11 0.17 2.38 0.97 1.56 0.03 0.14 0.37 0.07 0.12 2.37 0.72 Paper.02 0.18 0.09 2.70 0.44 0.19 1.54 1.13 7.13 2.67 7.15 0.20 0.38 Textile and leather 0.14 22.44 1. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.13 0. pulp and printing 0.67 2.29 0.24 1.77 1.15 Non-metallic minerals 0.18 0.37 2.63 1.00 2.14 1.02 0.01 1.12 0.90 Mining and quarrying 0.42 Chem.22 Wood and wood products 0.21 Machinery 0.24 0.37 1.34 0.08 0.07 0.22 0.25 1.21 0.51 12.84 0.52 2.12 0.04 0.06 2.17 0.25 0.60 Wood and wood products 0.11 0.40 0.67 2.02 32.84 1.80 9.12 4.99 6.03 0. 2012 12.11 6.03 0.50 1.38 1.21 Food and tobacco 0.05 0.08 1.05 0.05 0.03 2.88 1.12 Textile and leather 0.18 0.41 Paper.11 0.02 0.23 0.76 1.11 0.28 1.65 42.59 11.16 0.06 Transport equipment 0.68 Iron and steel 5.06 Construction 0.35 7.38 0.45 3.55 1.20 1.52 39.38 0.21 0.29 3.78 Non-metallic minerals 1.92 0.10 Paper.07 41.26 0.13 0.25 3.06 0. and petrochemical 0.38 0.15 0.66 Construction 0.82 11. and petrochemical 7.42 1.03 0.25 0.86 2.19 0.09 0.85 2.36 39.08 Non-ferrous metals 0.91 Transport equipment 0.13 1.06 Machinery 1.63 0.87 40.17 1.25 0.27 Non-metallic minerals 2.20 0.27 0.18 0.31 1.76 0.75 0.03 0.07 0.04 0.93 2.20 5.65 4.94 30.20 0.02 0.01 0.38 39.12 0.27 Mining and quarrying 0.45 3.05 0. pulp and printing 0.51 Chem.23 0.85 1.09 4.72 2.02 0.68 10.22 8.33 1.98 1.

of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 13. Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1650 6285 4785 9398 11645 15816 17158 9486 12395 11645 15816 17158 9486 12395 Total from OECD 1650 6285 4785 9398 Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France 1322 1098 2311 5707 8512 8466 7411 1832 3167 113 1281 - - - - - - - Germany Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - 2084 1629 1867 1845 Mexico - - - - - - - - - 3906 2474 3691 3133 5266 8118 5787 7383 Netherlands 215 Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - - - - - - United States - - - - - - - - - Total from non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. 2012 Imports from: .IV. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.R.Y. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.192 .

2012 France . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. - 832 10 - (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2405 8920 8509 5326 7319 9037 6561 11321 11844 11321 11844 Exports to: Total to OECD 2405 8920 8509 5326 7319 9037 6561 Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - Germany 89 7823 115 16 3544 1244 - - 201 - 2322 2039 6642 5409 - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - 1371 1967 1631 1518 - - - - - - 4133 2711 5151 5084 3004 3769 5313 Luxembourg 913 1071 910 1122 Mexico - Netherlands 1288 Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - - - - - - United States - - - - - - - - - Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.IV.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .193 BELGIUM 14.Y. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.R.

..33 3.38 .04 0. .76 12.26 3...13 1. ..43 of which: pumped storage 0.95 3..28 1. wave.01 0.20 Nuclear 0. .. . .07 1.20 0. .25 1. . 7.31 1. Multi-fired: Solid / liquid Solid / natural gas Type of generation Steam - - 5.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 15.66 Other - - 0.28 - - - - - Peak load .40 14. .. Biofuels & waste - 0. .31 0.21 8. .43 1..73 1. - 0.17 16. .83 5.07 0.37 0..90 Other (e. .06 0.71 5.63 5.81 3. .01 0.50 5.35 0.44 1..24 7.01 1.81 15..31 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - - - 0.. .71 .39 0.20 13.01 0..67 5.93 13.38 .28 3.37 1..17 .59 Available capacity . Natural gas - 0. . .52 1. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total capacity 7.31 2.14 13..37 0.194 .23 2.49 1. Liquid / natural gas 1.65 14.93 Hydro 0.11 8.12 .40 1.28 0. ..24 15...31 1.31 1.28 1.23 4.01 0.03 4..79 16. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.11 0..88 Internal combustion - - 0.08 0.43 3. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.67 3.92 10.26 3.g.25 15. .52 1.09 Tide.49 7.62 2.07 0.64 5.43 11.57 7. .32 0.31 1....42 1.01 0..28 0.25 0.35 .29 8. .01 0.49 1. 0.08 0.41 1.60 0.. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - 0.40 1. .17 0.42 1.34 6.31 1.... fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 6.83 5. .99 .07 0.12 1.31 1... ..18 Combined cycle - - 0.19 0. .06 1..27 0..06 0. .90 5.85 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products - - - - - - - - - Liquid fuels 1. .25 3... INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.14 2. ..12 0.03 10. Solid / liquid / gas 3. . .21 8.IV..13 Gas turbine - - 0.40 1.42 1. .65 13.

.. Natural gas 0.32 0..17 0. . - - Type of generation Steam - - 0.97 1. .. . .06 .16 0.11 0.. . ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - - - - 0.13 Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Hydro - - - - - - - - - of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - - 0..16 Gas turbine - - - - - 0..54 0....08 0...02 0.67 0.. Available capacity ..92 0. .17 0.38 0.15 . Biofuels & waste Multi-fired: Solid / liquid 0.08 0..08 - - - - - - - - Liquid fuels 0.05 0...02 0..12 Peak load .75 0.22 Other - - - - - 0. .67 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.12 0..01 0. . .44 0. - - Solid / natural gas 0. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 1.13 0.33 2.44 0. . .01 0.55 Combined cycle - - 0.31 0. - - 0..02 0.09 0..55 0.IV.02 ..09 0.15 0. .07 0.12 0.11 0.34 0.30 0.08 0. .10 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA..94 1.06 0.60 0. .12 0..57 0.43 0.. .07 0.01 Other (e. Liquid / natural gas 0.18 0.06 0... .81 Tide.06 0. ..13 0.08 0.88 0.195 BELGIUM 15..20 0.06 - - - - - .45 0. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.27 Internal combustion - - - - - 0. .g. wave.04 0.12 0.03 0. . .68 0... .75 0.22 0..12 0..02 0. . ..19 . .12 0. . fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 1.31 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products 0. .02 .02 - - - - Solid / liquid / gas 0..18 0.01 - 0.88 0..

00 - 58..70 45.40 94.10 99.02 9.00 50. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.40 44.60 Household Price of which: tax 89.53 5.81 59 74 73 65 133 128 71 108 114 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 55.00 10.80 - . x c .50 190.20 14.56 130.15 x c 89.10 167.10 - 51. Fuel prices to end users 1978 1980 1990 31..29 x c 55.10 20.68 105..87 37. 181.10 143.61 72.IV.30 .10 138. . 2012 (2) Net calorific value basis. 94.50 26. (1) Gross calorific value basis.90 47.80 - 42.20 174. x c Fuel prices for electricity generation Euro/ unit Steam coal (t) Heavy fuel oil (t) Natural gas (MWh) (1) 35.70 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV BELGIUM 16.90 8. .23 8.55 11.40 102..65 34. x c .80 10.... .31 x c .70 12.40 99.196 ..15 c Euro/ toe Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas (2) 67 201 c End-user prices of electricity Euro/ MWh Industry Price of which: tax 34.54 196. x c 103 x c 167 x c 104 x c .

75 40 50 Production/Consumption Product 180 20 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm.6%) .197 CANADA Figure 2.25 140 TWh 1971=100 1 150 100 120 100 1 80 60 0. Electricity consumption by sector 200 250 1.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.5%) 220./TFC Elec.3%) Industry (48. Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec. Total final consumption by fuel 700 250 600 200 500 150 TWh Mtoe 400 100 300 200 50 100 0 1971 1976 1981 Electricity Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 1976 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4. Electricity indicators Figure 3.9%) 2010 Other (0. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv.0%) Commerce / public serv.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV ./pub.3%) 469.IV.9 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA./population CO2/elec.9%) Other (2. 2012 Residential (23. serv. 1996 2001 2006 2010 0./GDP Prod.5%) Industry (35. (25./cons. (30. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1.5 160 200 1.1%) Transport (0.1 TWh Residential (31.&heat Figure 5.8%) Transport (1.

28 0.69 30.5 1.37 78.3 1.23 24. ocean and other (e.TFC/population(4) Elec.89 999.37 2.22 22.89 1233.4 22.25 0.55 54.43 82. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.03 e (1) Includes wave.86 7.6 1.34 0.04 12.198 .94 607.1 2.39 86.08 373.44 250.34 -0.3 Natural gas 37. 270.35 192.54 251.5 24.6 .3 16. fuel cells).25 31.3 2.60 613.21 -3.9 Nuclear 4.89 -2.84 256..6 1. tide(1) Hydro Net electricity imports (2) Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.0 - - - - - - - - - - - 0.61 208.44 0.5 1.4 0.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.8 .0 7. (3) Ele.83 31.84 635.03 -3.27 45.3 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.6 1.08 7.71 2.43 2..73 - 37. (2) In units of toe/per capita.4 -1.8 -1.28 482. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 TPES (Mtoe) 159.44 250.70 9.04 605. Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 159.54 251.2 0.61 208.07 10.36 0.58 0.2 1.49 24.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 1.84 1.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) Ele. 0.52 76.83 3.90 12.65 8.07 -2.16 11.4 -0..44 1.1 -1.21 0.9 - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.24 78. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .51 87.TFC = electricity total final consumption.39 88.19 7..3 TPES (Mtoe) 90-11 Biofuels & waste 7. Energy consumption.84 256.69 11.52 30. 2.4 109 118 123 107 88 86 .60 25.21 0.08 1.52 27.48 23.08 1.72 34. wind.81 7. 2.21 -2.11 0.75 251.93 1166.74 21.29 19.65 22.1 Oil 79.70 30. (4) In units of kWh/per capita.35 192.25 -0.0 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 448.00 0.97 23.IV.69 33.10 85.38 7. .23 32.73 74.21 -1.g. 9788 12372 15105 15701 13801 13783 .40 19.11 34. - 0.63 23. (2) Net Imports = total imports .75 251.39 1203.26 21.1 -1.22 -19.4 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele. generated (TWh) (5) 148 141 116 105 90 87 86 -1.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.0 Coal 15.59 87. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.53 8.25 749.57 568.40 18.50 3.44 7.

0 -0.0 72.3 112.9 135.1 .1 51.1 13. Wind .5 . .2 84.5 .8 129.3 3.5 .1 303.8 8.5 563.8 358.8 251.4 e 110.2 0..2 9.2 e 465.6 e 157.8 339..0 0.7 .7 e 586. 3. 223.1 348..2 2. Industry Transport Agriculture & fishing Sector non specified Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.0 0.8 44. - - 0.3 0.7 16.2 467.0 e 8.1 34.3 e 263.1 0.8 15.2 .0 72.9 84.9 .0 608.2 18.5 18. losses .6 9. wave.8 16.0 .. . 2012 (1) Electricity generation from main activity producer power plants and autoproducers.7 e 145..0 0.4 - - - - - - - - 6.9 203.5 6. ocean .5 .5 e 539. serv.2 307.2 469.. - 0.0 148.5 433.7 14.4 44.7 33.IV.8 351.1 360.5 143.5 4..0 -0. Nuclear .5 - 1.6 9.4 e 19..7 86. 105.0 0.2 0.9 68.0 141.5 .4 482.Used for heat pumps - - - - - - - - .8 135.6 376.7 e 606. 80. Electrical energy supplied .0 0.1 e 481.0 - - ..2 418..9 - 1.2 87.9 17.0 0.4 52.7 e 8.4 7.1 0.2 e 9.g.2 467.5 e 14.5 9.4 Tide.4 80... Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) Gross production Nuclear Hydro 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 270.0 0. 2.1 .3 4.0 249.0 25.0 85..Transmission & distr.9 105.0 0.7 156.1 e (2) Energy industry consumption = electricity consumed by transformation industries for heating. Geothermal .1 e 18.0 166.3 19.8 e 82.6 174..ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .1 0.2 0.2 296. 35.6 e 512.9 3.3 30.1 e 503.6 19..2 e 605..Own use by power plant Net production 0.2 373.0 635.1 65.2 26..1 550. 251.4 125. excludes own use by power plant and electricity used for heat pumps.9 27. . Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.0 . - - -0.3 367.7 6.1 e 0.199 CANADA 3.6 162.0 e 42.5 51.1 e 614.9 6.2 9.. 3. Residential 51..2 e 117. fuel cells) .6 108.0 293..7 18.1 0.6 363.Used for pumped storage 0. 0.2 0.2 151.8 85.1 7.6 .3 e 10.2 18. Other (e.3 1.8 e 47.1 0.9 15.2 9.. - - - - - - .1 Geothermal pumped storage production - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0. Combustible fuels .1 of which: 0.Statistical difference Total consumption . Other (e. ocean - - 0.8 59.5 34.0 Wind Combustible fuels Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste - - 60.9 194.0 9. - - 0.2 e 34. Solar .0 365.1 e 595.3 3.1 e - - .9 53..6 10. fuel cells) .Energy industry consumption(2) Final consumption 220.4 7.7 167. wave..2 0.3 582.5 6.Exports 16.8 68. electric boilers and pumped storage.8 .5 0.1 0.2 4.2 14.0 0.Used for electric boilers - - - - - - - - .0 0.3 4.0 27.6 e 86..0 0... traction and lighting purposes.3 162.7 70.5 589. - - .2 0.2 497.1 90.1 0.3 38..8 ..7 32.8 138.0 0.8 92. Tide.0 0.0 90.0 e 168..7 e 138.3 211.0 e - - - - . Commercial & publ.3 147.1 .2 2..1 51.9 355.4 .2 0. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. 57.7 90. Hydro .0 148.8 e 148.1 0.3 14.0 43. - - 0.g.9 9.2 e 7.7 15.9 21.7 e 626.0 73.7 368.7 561.4 e 491.2 + Imports 2.1 e 20.

45 334.2 - 244.19 4.11 0.94 613.53 49.9 0.g.93 5.84 3.60 640.57 31.29 5.4 .7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0. .21 -0.0 - - - - - - - - 34.2 - 283.5 Geothermal Solar.91 590.77 9.71 440.53 49.11 0.64 4.55 334.77 11.30 2.3 Natural gas 2.72 336.00 11.03 3.2 1.07 38. Electricity production and generation by source (TWh) Average annual percent change 2010 74-90 90-10 1974 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Total gross production 283.3 -0.11 0.11 40.2 244.4 1.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro 14.62 373.82 7.10 0.04 e Autoproducers Gross production .95 -3.31 -4.23 e 7.11 0.37 14.11 0.74 - 34.97 e 8.09 1.00 0.21 2.99 48.61 59.99 48.90 324.41 558.8 4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.07 e 0.200 .2 0.8 -13.67 41.5 0.30 340.03 72.43 0.08 0.05 614.2 Main activity producers Gross production .52 373.00 0.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) 0.68 31.52 2.7 1.69 e (1) Electricity generated = gross production .41 3.62 12.5 1.21 33. tide(2) Coal Oil Natural gas - - 0. 7.78 33.77 6.7 1.80 590.06 556.79 6.2 - - - - 0.46 327.7 11.70 38.11 0.94 607.5 8.30 3.8 Biofuels & waste 0. from chemical heat).09 90.17 52.01 -3.74 82.43 5.43 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 4.11 0.10 0.52 558.67 41. (2) Includes wave.88 561.61 3.52 3.95 3.3 6.38 482.97 72. tide(2) Coal 0.Hydro pumped storage Total generation(1) Nuclear Hydro - - - - - - - - - 32.48 6. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.61 440.17 52.31 e 0.80 93.07 38.00 - - Geothermal Solar.85 2.73 30.11 0.11 0.28 482.43 0.12 117.71 641.9 Oil 3.1 177.04 605.9 -4.80 50.10 e Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances and IEA/OECD Energy Statistics of OECD Countries .45 4. ocean and other sources (e.05 - - 39.11 0.75 27.77 561.0 Biofuels & waste 1.27 2.8 - - - - - - - - - 39.94 86.95 90.94 220.15 605. fuel cells.04 e 0. wind.26 111.27 31.18 e 0.13 11.11 0.10 0.5 0. wind.80 50.55 8.65 33.19 87.33 0.17 556.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.66 - 4.8 10.66 10.5 0.01 4.86 26.47 265.5 1.IV.11 0.05 607.

2 - - - - - - 853 e 39029 708 145 e 39029 37344 37344 34220 34220 32.8 8286 8286 11920 11920 11990 11990 - 46197 46197 1776 1776 - 1591 1591 - 1499 1499 - -15.0 33. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Notes: Data reported in this table prior to 1990 may refer to combustible fuels only.IV. services Residential Agriculture and fishing Sector non specified - - 132 e 23 109 e Total Total energy Coal mines Oil and gas extraction Patent fuel plants Coke ovens Gas works BKB Oil refineries Energy non specified/other Total industry Iron and steel Chemical and petrochemical Non-ferrous metals Non-metallic minerals Transport equipment Machinery Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other industries 1990 2000 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 Please refer to definitions in the introductory information. Net electricity production by autoproducers (GWh) 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 40974 e 47050 e 49091 50855 47709 0.3 1974 1980 5924 7991 - - - - 5924 5924 7991 7991 40842 40842 Total transport Rail and pipeline Transport non specified - - - Other Commerce and pub.201 CANADA 5.

Heat production in transformation processes (TJ) Average annual percent change 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 1990-2010 43140 e 28587 e 35983 e 41046 39110 e 18952 18952 -2. -2.. - Chemical processes - - - - - - . fuels - - - - - - ..2 Non-spec.. - Non-spec. - Oil 8618 e 36998 e Natural gas - 7601 31535 36118 Biofuels & waste - - - - 50 e 14036 - - - - - .. comb.IV.. - Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.. - Oil - - - - - - .. fuels Autoproducers Total - 2112 .7 2153 2153 0.0 20486 16029 - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - Coal - - - - - - - - 2943 2434 2914 1695 1089 1089 -4.8 31535 36118 35253 15710 15710 3. .8 35253 15710 .. - Chemical processes - - - - - - . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. - - - - - - .2 Nuclear - 2014 e - - - - - ... -4. - 2943 2434 2914 1695 1089 .3 Nuclear 20486 16029 - - - - . - 2112 . 0.3 Total Nuclear Oil 8618 e Natural gas - 7601 Biofuels & waste - 2014 e Non-spec. - Heat pumps - - - - - - . - Geothermal - - - - - - .. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.. - - - - - - - . 2012 (1) Includes solar and recovered waste heat from industry sold to third parties. - Coal - - - - - - .. - Coal - - - - - - . - Heat pumps - - - - - - ... - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - ... 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 6.202 . 3. - Geothermal - - - - - - .. - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - .7 41 .. fuels 2014 e 2014 2162 e 14036 - - - - - - - Chemical processes - - - - - - - - Heat pumps - - - - - - - - Electric boilers Other sources(1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - of which: Main activity producers Total 43140 e 26573 33969 39032 16840 .. - Natural gas - Biofuels & waste - 2014 e 2014 e 2014 e 2014 2014 2112 e 2112 e - .... comb. comb..

9 3.10 32.15 20.05 2.26 5.69 e 1.49 23.21 25.27 1.83 2.4 -3.30 15.5 0.83 32.8 Coal .6 -0.70 22.99 35.27 .66 40. Imputed energy used for electricity and heat production from non-combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 4.32 0.92 2.00 .40 18.05 36.32 2..01 0.01 21.40 19.00 0.48 23.62 33..5 1.20 0.87 7.95 20. 9.63 9.40 2.9 Tide.07 10.98 e 1.81 28.. 2012 described in the introductory information. Total . 15.6 1. ocean Hydro - - 0.64 9.1 Oil .57 0.29 1.77 1.61 11.g.7 9. - 7B.19 31.00 0.9 .5 Biofuels & waste 0. 1. 19..38 9. -4.97 24.00 27.86 3.78 6. .0 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - 0. 0.53 3.01 e 0.29 20.48 23.203 CANADA 7A.00 0.99 7.23 2.60 25.0 Thermal Total Nuclear 0.52 30.. - - - - - - Note: Imputed inputs are calculated from the electricity produced from these energy sources using the methodology INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. fuel cells) - - - 0. Fuel use for electricity and heat production from combustible fuels (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 Combustible fuels Total 15.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .86 32.6 Natural gas 4.23 e 0.51 -4.00 - 0. Biofuels & waste Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.IV..40 18. -0.49 23..51 32.58 36.28 31.52 30.01 .21 27.07 10.46 ..4 Wind Other (e.7 Natural gas .91 3.1 Oil 2. 2.15 20.89 1.70 30. - 0.06 9.5 1.02 27.0 4.00 0.03 21.8 of which: main activity prod.6 1.35 9. wave.01 e 0.3 Coal 8.78 22.84 e 2.46 5.64 8.99 e 1.40 19.02 0.93 20.09 1.80 2.82 - - Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.00 e Non-Thermal Total 16.74 21.60 25..69 30..01 - - 16.74 21.59 2.40 1.00 0.97 24.27 .18 3.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.5 359671 361605 462237 e 172396 169050 174141 -3.7 Fuel input (TJ) 9630 36758 e 70704 e 59590 65290 73980 3.9 13798 16458 14680 8837 10368 7387 -3.1 9192 9423 23418 34324 33091 34289 6.9 83966 75992 227749 319949 332103 357811 8. .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 8.2 Electricity production (GWh) - 23 e 708 e 726 e 727 e 789 19.6 Electricity production (GWh) 1300 3829 7365 6206 6803 7706 3.3 Electricity production (GWh) 84098 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 111953 e 163795 e 162159 e 138152 1.6 36393 34897 56987 24711 17003 17579 -3.2 262981 518035 697691 787889 674654 682372 1.4 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Brown coal 15242 29946 40083 44798 37415 37822 1.3 124234 166963 133903 109350 100471 75553 -3.6 Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Natural gas (1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - 1088 e 1206 e 1309 e 1309 - Electricity production (GWh) - - 36 e 46 e 46 e 46 - Fuel input (TJ) - 276 e 7787 e 6042 e 6042 e 6543 17. Electricity production from combustible fuels in electricity plants* 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 Average annual percent change 2010 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel 12659 12208 15746 e 5934 5796 5926 -3. 2012 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.204 . (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.IV.4 23382 47272 60290 87242 69194 70356 2.0 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Electricity production (GWh) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Fuel input (TJ) 356 Electricity production (GWh) 33 e 577 e 3494 e 776 - - - 51 311 67 - - - Petroleum products 3007 3842 3166 2816 2539 1955 -3. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.1 Municipal waste Biogases and liquid biofuels (2) Total combustible fuels 137232 * Excludes CHP plants.

1254 e 117 e 633 e 358 e 11177 e 1254 e 117 e 633 e 10181 e 34602 e 1259 e 118 e 655 e 1329 e 118 e 701 e 1329 118 701 0. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.6 2. 2012 9.6 -4. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV.0 0.0 24.5 462 e 44 e 50 e 462 e 44 e 50 e 465 47 41 - 6760 e 32551 e 11190 e 37699 e 17807 17541 21. (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table.205 CANADA 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Hard coal and patent fuel Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Brown coal Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 77 3358 10 2943 94 4109 10 2434 49 2163 10 1013 61 2699 10 1695 36 1628 10 1089 -3.2 3.7 Wood and other solid waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Industrial waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) - Peat Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Coal manufactured gases(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Petroleum products Fuel input (1000 t) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Natural gas(1) Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 283 12311 e 8618 e Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) Total combustible fuels(2) Electricity production (GWh) CHP Heat production (TJ) 22654 Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.7 -3.3 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Electricity and heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in combined heat and power plants (CHP plants) .3 (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis.8 - 10919 231 7601 114464 10054 31535 116444 6588 30833 114995 11018 35253 177829 17632 15710 15.

Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.IV.1 Biogases and liquid biofuels Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - 1411 0.1 (2) Total combustible fuels Heat production (TJ) Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.1 Heat production (TJ) - 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e 1411 0. 1381 e 1381 e 1265 e 1411 e (1) Coal manufactured gases and natural gas are expressed on a gross calorific value basis. 2012 (2) Includes non-specified combustible fuels not shown in this table. Heat produced for sale from combustible fuels in heat plants 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 Average annual percent change 1990-2010 Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (1000 t) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Fuel input (TJ) - - - - - - - Heat production (TJ) - - - - - - - Hard coal and patent fuel Brown coal Peat (1) Coal manufactured gases Petroleum products Natural gas(1) Wood and other solid waste Industrial waste Municipal waste Fuel input (TJ) - 2629 e 2629 e 2375 e 2591 e 2591 -0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 10.206 .

3 Total industry Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 45.60 44.5 1.98 40.IV.32 10. Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 16.72 36.31 21.00 e (1) Total final energy consumption (TFC) includes non-energy use but excludes use in transformation and energy industries. 0.23 51.1 0.8 -2.88 0.1 1.0 0.2 0.90 4.09 0.0 0.18 9.79 80.20 16.24 9.43 57.22 -4.70 0.00 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .48 15.92 3.32 0.65 55.7 18.63 3.7 - - - - - - - - - Comm.00 0.10 11.08 5.11 53.9 1.3 1.70 10.9 7.58 50.4 - 6.01 20.98 1.25 4.88 0.1 1.90 6.7 - 1.18 1.5 0.76 0.17 12.22 55.14 2.93 26.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.31 155.0 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 5.67 0.29 4.2 1.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .6 1.22 43.78 89.4 5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.42 42.28 0.00 0.99 68.44 17.7 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0.07 189.72 2.8 - - - 0.46 - -0.94 46.71 5.5 -2.65 79.4 0.3 11.46 5.04 8.38 3.32 43.53 2.79 6.83 6.63 0.82 12.96 41.67 0.86 52.67 14. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.6 0.21 7.08 - - 0.20 2.08 35.59 6.12 52.63 0.93 14.20 53.42 3.20 0.28 2.98 -0.14 56.29 21.72 90.00 e 0.6 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 4.89 18.94 -3.29 2.1 0.8 0.16 13.00 - -14.72 27.95 195.63 2.2 0.1 - - - - 0. .77 4.9 -0.13 0.10 1.39 0.32 10.35 3.62 1.80 0.33 0.41 53.94 25.40 11.4 23.49 59.60 10.21 190.8 -0.75 200.19 42.6 0.91 51.7 -2. Final consumption of energy by source (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 TFC(1) Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat of which: 131.11 47.74 7.04 11. & public serv.17 -0.22 51.60 6.1 1.01 0.2 75.76 3.96 12.38 3.43 -0.81 0.51 5.94 6.64 25.82 3.42 7.72 7.28 0.93 10.05 9.62 7.10 1.4 0.20 3.87 16.03 0.3 5.01 40.27 2.33 2.63 2.40 2.79 1.03 0.12 159.16 53.31 10.49 1.42 31.03 0.78 8.09 -2.6 9.2 Transport Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 33.02 - - 4.29 3.00 0.57 22.85 19.81 10.00 - - - 6.207 CANADA 11.00 0.96 4.40 11.97 2.30 53.2 14.64 84.69 7.49 39.55 -2.12 - - - - - - - - 33.33 0.

49 0.17 0.7 -1.4 -12.50 0. or transformations such as coal for graphite electrodes. This includes use of products such as white spirit.98 0.84 11.4 5. as well as oil and natural gas used as petrochemical feedstocks.83 0.9 0.47 - 28.27 8.IV.31 11.25 13.75 0. lubricants and bitumen.01 0.33 2.72 - 32.30 - 28.00 2.00 e 3.7 3.44 0.72 0. .25 2.51 0.00 30.96 0.00 4.08 10. Final consumption of energy by source (continued) (Mtoe) Average annual percent change 73-90 90-10 1973 1980 1990 2000 2008 2009 2010 25.83 0.55 6.02 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries .67 - 3.8 - - - - - - - - 19. natural gas or coal for non energy purposes.79 0.66 11.87 0.86 1.87 14.99 22.04 3.00 e 0.35 - - 0.4 8.03 Residential Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat Heat Non-energy use(1) 3.63 0.74 1.01 13.7 0.49 11.52 0.8 2.44 4.00 e 0.30 0.03 2.65 - 0.208 .3 1.5 - 0.40 12.43 1.07 14.00 30.00 4.32 12.46 12.66 15.89 - 32. paraffin waxes.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 11. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.01 0.6 - Agriculture & fishing Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity Heat 1.64 13.18 - 2.83 2.15 20.4 - Other Geothermal Solar thermal Coal Oil Natural gas Biofuels & waste Electricity 1. (1) Refers to use of refined petroleum products.3 4.20 2.3 -2.8 - 1. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.00 2.81 - 6.22 2.23 2.01 e 0.81 2.80 22.14 0.82 0.35 1.05 4.01 e - - - 7.39 0.91 4.74 0.72 2.91 e 7.5 0.01 0.11 1.82 0.36 1.7 -11.00 0.9 -5.59 0.14 0.27 0.8 0.49 0.00 - - - -25.19 2.59 0.

47 2.57 1.48 5.IV.36 0.41 Textile and leather 0.32 40.50 11.95 1. and petrochemical 0.08 176.56 Non-ferrous metals 3.58 1.06 13.20 13.21 8.65 1.24 0.33 Transport equipment 0.32 0.00 3.06 Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.20 5.35 0.48 - - - - - - Non specified/other 17.08 2.88 14.81 1. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction Textile and leather Non specified/other 6.18 0.15 Transport equipment 0.19 48.71 7.14 2.11 1.25 1.51 - - - - - - 24.22 162.67 45.34 Mining and quarrying Food and tobacco Paper.60 Chem.26 0.11 4.45 4.66 1.21 1.72 0.98 53.26 1. Total final industry consumption of energy and electricity .12 45.99 36.16 13.21 190.12 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 2.03 2.78 39.65 0.03 2.77 4.79 0.12 159.42 9.28 4.85 11.35 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Textile and leather 0.09 1.11 57.44 17.96 25.02 9.63 1.76 1.39 - - - - - - Mining and quarrying 1.47 14.89 2.93 14.91 14.37 0.01 40.12 6.76 2.42 Wood and wood products 0.38 12.96 41.39 1.83 4.46 8.21 19.75 0.32 14.65 23.38 4.17 0.15 18.02 166.97 Non-metallic minerals 4.42 - - - - - - Paper.22 - - - - - - Non specified/other 0.05 Non-metallic minerals 2.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .31 155.23 51.95 1.22 21.33 0.16 0.78 2.13 4.56 Non-metallic minerals 0.14 10.54 13.58 50. 2012 12.75 33.71 Chem.07 5.41 5.07 8.29 0.52 23.99 5.33 3.71 36.93 56.26 9.66 1.17 0.01 14.52 13.52 0.14 28.64 0.37 53.209 CANADA TFC (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 131.47 2.34 3.01 105.62 6.57 32.55 - 1.43 - - - - - - Machinery 0.16 0.04 18.88 0.37 0.06 4.15 2.90 3.15 4. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.17 3.53 8.20 0.23 3.88 - - - - - - 28.30 4.91 4.74 1.81 17.43 1.17 Electricity consumption (Mtoe) Total industry (Mtoe) 18.31 193.87 17.51 3.08 1.93 26.95 195.07 189.94 51.76 2.11 Food and tobacco Paper.54 3.15 5. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.19 18.41 0.25 12. and petrochemical 11.82 4.87 4.58 0.08 1.55 - - - - - - 11.02 1.15 25.97 50.48 16.22 20.17 0.33 10.26 42.11 4.18 0.44 0.03 8.22 1.29 Iron and steel 0.60 15.22 55.08 4.06 - - - - - - 12.89 5.24 5.36 4.86 135.94 203.16 Iron and steel 3.49 1.98 40.61 8.04 - - - - - - Machinery 3.18 0.84 61.42 43.24 Chem.90 2.56 0.11 47.98 5.59 Non-ferrous metals 2.57 1.26 - - - - - - Machinery 0.07 16.08 35.47 3.18 4.82 0.50 3.12 18.77 3.80 52.67 14. pulp and printing Wood and wood products Construction 1.88 2.14 1.81 9.10 11.85 Food and tobacco 0.67 18.56 0.56 1.56 11.44 - - - - - - Mining and quarrying 2.44 0.55 4.75 204.48 9.01 0.40 0.48 33.67 167.84 20.78 Transport equipment 2.47 6.58 53.84 200.35 1. and petrochemical 2.45 5.54 Non-ferrous metals Construction Total industry (TWh) Iron and steel 24.57 3.57 52. pulp and printing 2.

INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA. (1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. Electricity imports by origin (GWh) Total imports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2249 2940 17781 7422 15342 19380 23864 18163 18686 17781 7422 15342 19380 23864 18163 18686 Imports from: Total from OECD 2249 2940 Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - - - - - - - - Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom - - - - United States 2249 2940 7422 15342 19380 23864 18163 18686 Total from non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F.210 . 2012 17781 .ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 13.IV. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.R.Y.

(1) Total may not add-up due to rounding. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.IV. Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.211 CANADA 14.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .R.Y. of Macedonia - - - - - - - - - Georgia - - - - - - - - - Lativia - - - - - - - - - Lithuania - - - - - - - - - Romania - - - - - - - - - Russian Federation - - - - - - - - - Serbia - - - - - - - - - Turkmenistan - - - - - - - - - Ukraine - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Non-specified/others Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics. 2012 Total to OECD . Electricity exports by destination (GWh) Total exports (1) 1973 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 16286 30184 18130 43444 50983 50331 55336 51782 44389 16286 30184 18130 43444 50983 50331 55336 51782 44389 Exports to: Austria - - - - - - - - - Belgium - - - - - - - - - Canada - - - - - - - - - Czech Republic - - - - - - - - - Denmark - - - - - - - - - Estonia - - - - - - - - - Finland - - - - - - - - - France - - - - - - - - - Germany - - - - - - - - - Greece - - - - - - - - - Hungary - - - - - - - - - Ireland - - - - - - - - - Italy - - - - - - - - - Luxembourg - - - - - - - - - Mexico - - - - - - - - - Netherlands - - - - - - - - - Norway - - - - - - - - - Poland - - - - - - - - - Portugal - - - - - - - - - Slovak Republic - - - - - - - - - Slovenia - - - - - - - - - Spain - - - - - - - - - Sweden - - - - - - - - - Switzerland - - - - - - - - - Turkey - - - - - - - - - United Kingdom United States 16286 30184 18130 43444 50983 - - 50331 55336 51782 44389 Total to non-OECD - - - - - - - - - Albania - - - - - - - - - Azerbaijan - - - - - - - - - Belarus - - - - - - - - - Bulgaria - - - - - - - - - Croatia - - - - - - - - - F.

.97 Other (e.78 98.43 0..53 6. .02 0.77 2. .02 0. . wave.56 1...12 29...34 .91 103.07 2.14 - - - - - - - 25.11 Tide.17 24.48 0.46 0.46 Gas turbine - - 1.03 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 15.21 99. 80.07 2. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 51.87 7..... .18 0.. .02 0...02 0. Liquid / natural gas 0.67 12.12 ..54 16.86 Internal combustion - - 0..95 41.98 Biofuels & waste Multi-fired: Solid / liquid - - - - - - - - - Solid / natural gas 1.01 0.09 60.58 7.. Available capacity . Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics..87 13.01 108..02 MAIN ACTIVITY PRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear 2.89 . INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.18 0.. - - Natural gas 0.63 1. . . .53 0..02 Wind - - - 0..09 0.36 33.68 .10 2.67 32.18 0.67 5.94 126. ocean - - 0. ..71 21.35 13. .49 Type of generation Steam - - 27..13 80.93 1.09 26.09 1. 97. .96 3. . . Liquid fuels 3.90 7..39 10.56 0.59 7. .92 55..98 Peak load .52 24. - 0.38 41.11 2.02 0...02 e 0.39 69.14 68..05 0. .18 Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - 0. ..92 118.62 13.14 0. .03 0.91 40.60 34. .04 .74 2.62 .19 0.41 Combined cycle - - - - - - - - - Other - - - - - 2.43 17.212 .91 of which: pumped storage - - 0..30 63.64 3.63 1..32 3.37 3. .18 0. . .48 117.52 0.36 32. .18 0.99 .. Solid / liquid / gas 0. .62 25.. .04 3.89 12.66 73.g.74 2. .50 0. Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products 9.27 10.IV.54 69.35 12.53 25..02 0.10 0.59 128.28 0.26 69.03 - 2.10 2. .06 12..43 . fuel cells) - - - 0. 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage. ..05 - - - - - 16. .99 29..21 28.50 0.

63 0.42 1.93 1. .13 6.17 2.. 0.04 0.15 5..213 CANADA 15. 3.38 1.52 3.87 7.81 8. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.10 0.40 3.25 1.27 5.94 Internal combustion - - 0.08 0.93 AUTOPRODUCERS Classification by source Total capacity Nuclear - - - - - - - - - 4..g. ocean - - - - - - - - - Wind - - - - - - - - - Other (e. .96 6.66 3..86 1. Source: IEA/OECD Electricity Statistics.IV.43 1.64 0.18 . fuel cells) - - - - - - - - - 1. .40 0.06 0.60 7.15 0.77 0. 2.. . 3.60 .26 0.. 1.84 1..25 Biofuels & waste Multi-fired: Solid / liquid - - - - - - - - - Solid / natural gas - - - - - - - - - Liquid / natural gas - - - - - - - - - Solid / liquid / gas - - - - - - - - - Type of generation Steam - - 1.07 5. .76 0.36 - - - - - - - Liquid fuels 0.30 0. .15 5.84 2.65 2.46 8. Available capacity .20 1.30 2.90 1. .29 4. Net maximum electricity generating capacity on 31 December (continued) (GW) 1974 1980 1990 1995 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 5.29 0.42 1.13 0.86 6.00 4.52 Combined cycle - - - - - - - - - Other - - - - - - - - - Peak load .. .06 0..60 .12 1.95 6. ..23 1.40 6..45 4..85 8..30 Gas turbine - - 0. .00 .36 0. wave.28 2.07 0..67 8.76 Hydro Combustible fuels of which: Single-fired: Coal and coal products 0.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV .47 1.14 Natural gas 0... 2012 Note: Please refer to notes in the introductory information for data coverage.38 0.16 1.91 1..96 .17 of which: pumped storage - - - - - - - - - Geothermal - - - - - - - - - Solar - - - - - - - - - Tide.58 3.15 3.37 - 0.45 1. .

30 72.28 17.71 222. ....50 8..20 6.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CANADA 16..31 26.60 96..20 .28 End-user prices of electricity Canadian Dollars/ MWh Industry Price of which: tax 17.52 43... Household Price of which: tax 27.80 96. 50.IV. .80 57.. ...55 Canadian Dollars/ toe 101. (1) Gross calorific value basis. Fuel prices for electricity generation Canadian Dollars/ unit Steam coal (t) Heavy fuel oil (t) Natural gas (MWh) (1) 37.26 54..55 178.70 8. 33. ..00 6. 29.64 .. . .00 6.74 . Source: IEA/OECD Energy Prices & Taxes..40 .. ..214 ....28 56.37 4. .. 81.21 97.10 68.80 74.90 ..40 7. 47.73 83..94 62.50 .62 79..21 30. .85 .03 . 22. 43.70 6.10 7.60 67.18 292. INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.36 50.. 6. 62.60 8. .57 185.49 93.00 6.. Fuel prices to end users 1978 1980 1990 2000 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 30.. ... . . .62 .00 1.70 1.40 .25 Steam coal Heavy fuel oil Natural gas (2) 61.70 78. .70 .10 81. .43 317.20 97.34 49.95 4.73 24.00 . .. . 2012 (2) Net calorific value basis.58 280.00 95. .

Residential Other 2001 2006 2010 Elec.6%) 2010 Commerce / public serv. Electricity generation by fuel Figure 1. Total final electricity consumption by sector 1973 Commerce / public serv. (16.IV./TFC Elec.5%) Other (2.1%) Industry (65. Electricity consumption by sector 40 500 35 450 1./GDP Prod.3 TWh Industry (65. (13. 2012 TWh 1976 Production/Consumption Product Mtoe 20 .1%) Residential (17.75 100 5 50 0 0 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 Energy Industry Comm./population CO2/elec.5%) Transport (0. Electricity indicators Figure 3.215 CHILE Figure 2.6%) 7./cons.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . 1996 2001 2006 2010 0.1%) Other (0.5 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 Elec.2%) Transport (2.8%) 54.&heat Figure 5.5%) Residential (16./pub.7 TWh INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.5 400 30 1. serv. Total final consumption by fuel 30 70 25 60 50 40 15 TWh 10 30 20 5 10 0 1971 1976 Electricity 1981 Coal 1986 Oil 1991 Natural gas 1996 2001 2006 Biofuels & waste 0 2010 1971 Coal Other 1981 Oil 1986 1991 Natural gas 1996 Nuclear 2001 2006 Hydro 2011 Other Figure 4.25 350 1971=100 1 25 20 15 300 250 1 200 150 10 0.

22 2.68 0.47 4. (1) Includes wave.26 0. 2.9 . Total primary energy supply (TPES) by source Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 8.14 5.4 6.73 5.77 51.0 4.1 GDP (billion 2005 USD) TPES/GDP(1) 27.20 1.31 0.90 5.7 -1.48 1.18 15.50 9.22 4.63 4.2 0.85 138.08 60.37 40. generated (TWh) (5) 8.6 1.8 4. (4) In units of kWh/per capita. (2) In units of toe/per capita.01 25.1 Coal 1.17 29.216 . 2. GDP and population Average annual percent change 1973 1980 1990 2000 2009 2010 2011e 73-90 90-11 8. (5) Electricity generated = gross production .50 9.0 4.21 2.63 1.. (1) In units of toe/2005 thousand US dollars.78 96.48 15.03 0.17 29.09 17.amount of electricity produced in pumped storage plants.84 0. (2) Net Imports = total imports .22 0. Energy consumption.09 5. 2012 Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV CHILE 1.48 30.48 0.22 0.81 1.75 18.85 1.70 147.11 11.52 4.79 4. Ele.48 14.07 3.56 5.74 1.32 1. Elec.22 -0.93 17.07 6. fuel cells).77 11.74 35.24 131.50 3.72 60.26 0.06 - - - - - - - - - Hydro Net electricity imports (2) Heat Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries.1 0.01 0..3 Nuclear - - - - - - - - - Geothermal Solar.8 .72 4.19 13.59 2.08 0.03 - - 0.total exports INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY © OECD/IEA.10 0. wind.77 1.48 30. tide(1) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0..4 3.0 64 67 73 93 100 97 .79 3.TFC/population(4) 722 873 1176 2388 3193 3203 .88 1. (3) Ele.IV. .2 2.12 0.40 16.g.01 15.01 3.7 TPES/GDP (2005 = 100) Ele.13 4.3 0.47 10.TFC/GDP(2005=100)(3) 128 111 113 109 93 93 92 -0.0 Biofuels & waste TPES (Mtoe) 90-11 1.41 3.97 5.6 4.4 2.41 3.7 -1..7 7.06 1.00 - - 0.92 32.81 2. ocean and other (e.48 14.87 1.27 0.0 Population (millions) TPES/population(2) 10.6 Oil 4.43 65.7 5.TFC = electricity total final consumption.72 1.92 32.53 0.3 TPES (Mtoe) Source: IEA/OECD Energy Balances of OECD Countries and OECD Main Economic Indicators.26 1.2 Natural gas 0. 0.01 25.51 4.18 1.37 15.

6 - - - - - - - - 5..7 3.9 18.4 10.6 36.0 0.8 37. Other (e.8 38.3 36.6 1.3 2.5 7..0 0.4 0.9 18..4 40.7 8.9 20.2 2.1 .1 .5 1.4 .9 10. Solar ..8 1.3 38.3 21.6 0.3 9.. Net production .5 55.5 26.0 9.3 8.9 8.1 8.2 25. 25. 0.5 7.9 6.2 0.9 Oil 1.0 - - -0.2 21.8 11.0 54.3 Nuclear .0 e 0.2 3. Industry 4.3 0. -0. electric boilers and pumped storage.2 1.2 0.2 .7 32.. traction and lighting purposes.ELECTRICITY INFORMATION (2012 Edition) PART IV . Summary electricity production and consumption (1) (TWh) 1973 1980 1990 2000 2005 2009 2010 2011e 8.9 -1. Other (e.8 1. .4 e 33.Statistical difference Total consumption . fuel cells) .2 10. Note: Please refer to definitions in the introductory information..7 58.7 ..0 .7 4.2 0.1 0.7 1.3 44.9 53.5