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Textbook

† 《Telecommunication Switching
Systems and Networks》
† 《现代电信交换与网络-英文版》
† Author: Thiagarajan Viswanathan
† 出版:电子工业出版社,2009.1

About the languages
† Writing: English
† Speaking: English + Chinese

About the Grade
† Final examination: 50%
† Attendance and Homework: 50%

Chapter 4. Chapter 10.About the contents † This class mainly focuses on the concepts and principles of different switching techniques. Chapter 6. Chapter 3. Chapter 12 . Chapter 2. † Chapters covered in this class: „ Chapter 1. Chapter 9.

. Deqiang Wang .Charpter1 Introduction School of Information Science and Engineering. Shandong University Associate Prof.

Outline † † † † Evolution of Telecommunications Simple Telephone Communication Basics of a Switching System Switching Systems .

switching office. exchange „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ Control functions Step-by-step Crossbar systems Stored program control (SPC) Space division switching Time division switching Trunk Subscriber line .Terminology Subscriber Source Destination Signaling Point-to-point link Fully connected networks „ Switching system.

Terminology „ Simplex communication „ Half-duplex communication „ Full-duplex communication „ Sidetone „ Inlets/Outlets „ Switching Network „ Folded network Nonblocking Network Blocking Network Blocking Probability Busy time traffic Erlang Transit exchange Nonfolded network Subscriber loop signaling „ Interexchange signaling „ Intraexchange or register signaling „ „ „ „ „ „ „ „ .

Terminology † Terminology Direct control Common control Manual switching Local battery exchange „ Central battery exchange „ Urban networks „ Metropolitan networks „ „ „ „ „ Rural networks „ Long distance/toll networks „ Wide area networks .

1. Bell † Point-to-point connection The number of subscribers supported : 2 . 1837.1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Telegraphy. Great Britain † Telephony. 1876.

1.1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Full connected network Number of subscribers: N Number of links:N(N-1)/2 Cost Efficiency: low(expensive) .

1.1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Subscriber interconnection using a switching system Number of subscribers: N Number of links: N Cost Efficiency: high(cheap) Switching System S1 S2 SN-1 SN .

1.1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Classification of switching systems Switching system manual automatic Electromechanical Step-by-step Electronic Crossbar Space division switching Time division switching Digital Analog .

1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Telecommunication network structure SS1 SS2 Trunks SS3 Subscriber lines SS4 Trunks .1.

1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Communication systems „ Electrical communication system ¾ Wired or Wireless „ Optical communication system ¾ Wired or Wireless † Links between network nodes „ Trunks „ Subscriber lines „ Each link deploys some kind of communication technology .1.

1.1 Evolution of Telecommunications † Service Specific Networks „ „ „ „ Telegraph networks Telex networks Telephone networks Data networks .

2 Simple Telephone Communication † Simplex telephone circuit Microphone L V Earphone .1.

1.2 Simple Telephone Communication † Duplex telephone circuit Microphone Earphone L V Earphone Microphone .

2 Simple Telephone Communication † Telephone circuit with sidetone coupling Subscriber Exchange .1.

1.3 Basics of Switching System † Elements of switching system „ Switching network subsystem(交换网络子 系统) „ Signaling subsystem(信令子系统) „ Control subsystem(控制子系统) „ Accessary circuits(辅助电路) .

Trunk Interface Trunk Interface Subscriber Subscriber Switching Line Line Network Interface Interface Service Service Circuit Circuit Interface Interface Subscriber And Service Line Scanning And Distributor Control Operator Console J U N C T O R s Trunk Circuit Scanning And Distributor Units .

1.3 Basics of Switching System † Model of a Switching network „ Switching network is a component of the switching system „ Elements of a switching network Symmetric network: N=M N Inlets Switching Matrix/Network „ Function: Establish a electrical path between a given inlet/outlet pair M Outlets .

3 Basics of Switching System † Inlets/outlets connections Incoming Trunks Outgoing Trunks Switching Matrix/Network Subscriber Inlets Subscriber Outlets † Four types of connection: „ Local call(本局呼叫).Transit call(转接呼叫) .1. outgoing call(出局呼叫). Incoming call(入局呼叫).

1.3 Basics of Switching System † Folded network(折叠网络) „ All the inlets/outlets are connected to the subscriber lines (For Local Exchange) N Subscriber Lines Switching Matrix/Network .

3 Basics of Switching System † Nonfolded network(无折叠网络) „ All the inlets/outlets are connected to Incoming Trunks/Outgoing Trunks (For Transit Exchange) N Incoming Trunks Switching Matrix/Network N Outgoing Trunks .1.

† Blocking network(有阻塞网络) „ The number of simultaneous switching paths is less than the maximum number of simultaneous conversations. a calling subscriber will always be able to establish a connection to the called subscriber.1. „ Blocking probability: the probability a user may get blocked.3 Basics of Switching System † Nonblocking network(无阻塞网络) „ As long as a called subscriber is free. .

1.3 Basics of Switching System † Control Subsystem „ Distinguish the relationship between inlets/outlets and subscribers/trunks „ Interpret the signaling information received „ Sense the end of information transfer „ Establish / release connections .

„ Category † Subscriber loop signaling † Interexchange signaling † Intraexchange or register signaling .1.3 Basics of Switching System † Signaling „ Function: help exchanges to establish connections between subscribers correctly.

4 Switching Systems † Manual switching system .1.

1.4 Switching Systems † Step-by-step & Crossbar .

4 Switching Systems † SPC exchange 程控交换机 SPC: Stored program control (存储程序控制) .1.

1.4 Switching Systems † ATM Switch .

1.4 Switching Systems † Optical Switch .

4 Switching Systems † Router .1.

Assignment † Ex. 13 . 6 † Ex.