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RESULTS

:
Vapor liquid equilibrium data
3L Methanol + 3L Water

Water (L)
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0
3.0

Methanol
(L)
0.1
0.4
0.5
1.0
1.0

3

Density (g/cm )
Molecular Weight (g/mol)

Temperature (oC)
Vapor
Liquid
78.0
4.2
84.9
3.2
81.1
0.5
77.0
0
76.4
1.5
Table 1

Refractive Index (nD)
Vapor
Liquid
1.3389
1.3332
1.3380
1.3331
1.3377
1.3334
1.3378
1.3333
1.3423
1.3344

Methanol
0.79
32.04
Table 2

CALCULATIONS

Density of water (H2O) = 1 g/cm3
Density of methanol (CH3OH)= 0.7918 g/cm3
Molecular weight H2O = 18 g/mol
Molecular weight CH3OH = 32 g/mol

Water
1
18

0 Moles of Methanol (mol) 2.556 .4 0.667 55.4744 316.556 mol 18 g H 2 O Number of moles CH3OH Volume of Methanol (L) 0.3719 24.1 0.667 mol 18 g H 2 O Volume of H2O = 1L 1 g H 2 O 10 6 cm3 Mass of H 2 O= 3 × × 1 L H 20=1000 g H 2 O cm H 2O 1000 L Moles of H 2 O=1000 g H 2 O× 1 mol H 2O =55.7438 49.5 1.0 1.72 12.Number of moles= Mass of subtance Molecular weight of subtance Number of moles H2O Volume of Water (L) 3 1  Mass of H 2 O= Volume of H2O = 3L 1 g H 2 O 10 6 cm3 × × 3 L H 20=3000 g H 2 O cm3 H 2O 1000 L Moles of H 2 O=3000 g H 2 O ×  1 mol H 2 O =166.4875 Moles of Water (mol) 166.

9 g CH 3 OH ×  3 0.1L 6 Mass of CH 3OH = Moles of CH 3 OH =79.9 g CH 3 OH 1000 L cm 3 CH 3 OH Moles of CH 3 OH =395.7918 g CH 3 OH 10 cm × × 0.4231 mol 32 g CH 3 OH Volume of CH3OH = 0.54 g CH 3 OH ×  1 mol CH 3 OH =7.0 L .7918 g CH 3 OH 10 cm × × 0. Volume of CH3OH = 0.3719 mol 32 g CH 3OH Volume of CH3OH = 1.4 L CH 3 OH =316.4L 0.7918 g CH 3 OH 10 6 cm 3 × × 0.18 g CH 3 OH ×  Mass of CH 3OH = 1 mol CH 3 OH =2.18 gCH 3 OH 3 1000 L cm CH 3 OH 1 mol CH 3 OH =12.1 L CH 3 OH =79.4744 mol 32 g CH 3OH Volume of CH3OH = 0.5L 6 Mass of CH 3OH = 3 0.5 LCH 3 OH =395.72 g CH 3 OH 1000 L cm 3 CH 3 OH Moles of CH 3 OH =237.

8 gCH 3 OH 3 1000 L cm CH 3 OH Moles of CH 3 OH =791. 5. 2. 4. Methanol Water Evaporator Condenser Refractometer Beaker Ebulliometer Dropper 1 mol CH 3 OH =24. 7. 8.8 g CH 3 OH × Apparatus 1.Mass of CH 3OH = 0.7918 g CH 3 OH 10 6 cm 3 × × 1. 3. 6.0 L CH 3 OH =791.7438 mol 32 g CH 3OH .

0. Valve 10 is adjusted (open) to allow 5L/min of cooling water to flow through the condenser. The main switch is opened. 8. 7. The valves is closed. 5. V13 and V14 is opened at level the sight tube. The valves are opened to remove the unwanted liquid 2. The liquid level is checked to be above the safety line on the level sight tube. The valves V13 and V14 are closed. The valve 8 is opened. The temperature at the controller TIC-01 is set to 100 ‘C .1L methanol and 3L water are poured into evaporator through valve 1. The V! Is closed 6. The water supply is open to ensure there is cooling system through out the experiment 4. 3.Procedures 1.

Pressure at PI-01 is observed. The composition and refractive index of liquid and vapour samples are recorded. 14. the valve V11 is closed. The liquid in evaporator is boiled when the temperature at T1-02 started to increase sharply. The experiment is continued by using 0. The heater is switched off and the valve V!! Are open to allows coil in evaporator to cool.4 L . 10. The liquid and vapour sample is collected from the unit to be analyze. The temperature and pressure are recorded 11. As the temperature drop to 50’C. The temperature rise is observed in TIC-01. 13. 12.1 L methanol 15. .9.5 and 0. The experiment is observed and the results are recorded. 0.