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REVISED PENAL CODE PROVISONS IN RELATION WITH R.A.

9372

Art. 122. Piracy in general and mutiny on the high seas. — The penalty of
reclusion temporal shall be inflicted upon any person who, on the high seas, shall
attack or seize a vessel or, not being a member of its complement nor a passenger,
shall seize the whole or part of the cargo of said vessel, its equipment, or personal
belongings of its complement or passengers.
The same penalty shall be inflicted in case of mutiny on the high seas.

Art. 134. Rebellion or insurrection; How committed. — The crime of
rebellion or insurrection is committed by rising publicly and taking arms against
the Government for the purpose of removing from the allegiance to said
Government or its laws, the territory of the Philippine Islands or any part thereof,
of any body of land, naval or other armed forces, depriving the Chief Executive or
the Legislature, wholly or partially, of any of their powers or prerogatives. (As
amended by R.A. 6968).

. 2. directed against duly constituted authorities of the Republic of the Philippines.A. intimidation. shall be guilty of murder and shall be punished by reclusion temporal in its maximum period to death. Murder. Coup d'etat. or any military camp or installation. (As amended by R. Art. belonging to the military or police or holding any public office of employment with or without civilian support or participation for the purpose of seizing or diminishing state power. or employing means to weaken the defense or of means or persons to insure or afford impunity. 248. 6968). With treachery. — The crime of coup d'etat is a swift attack accompanied by violence. with the aid of armed men. reward. singly or simultaneously carried out anywhere in the Philippines by any person or persons.Article 134-A. — Any person who. or promise. In consideration of a price. How committed. not falling within the provisions of Article 246 shall kill another. if committed with any of the following attendant circumstances: 1. communications network. taking advantage of superior strength. public utilities or other facilities needed for the exercise and continued possession of power. threat. strategy or stealth.

stranding of a vessel. By means of inundation. fall of an airship. If the kidnapping or detention shall have lasted more than five days. destructive cyclone. derailment or assault upon a street car or locomotive. eruption of a volcano. or with the use of any other means involving great waste and ruin. or outraging or scoffing at his person or corpse. Kidnapping and serious illegal detention. — Any private individual who shall kidnap or detain another. With cruelty. On occasion of any of the calamities enumerated in the preceding paragraph. poison. shall suffer the penalty of reclusion perpetua to death: 1. by means of motor vehicles. Art. . 3. 4. or if threats to kill him shall have been made. 6.3. or of an earthquake. explosion. With evident premeditation. fire. 267. 2. epidemic or other public calamity. by deliberately and inhumanly augmenting the suffering of the victim. If any serious physical injuries shall have been inflicted upon the person kidnapped or detained. 5. shipwreck. If it shall have been committed simulating public authority. or in any other manner deprive him of his liberty.

Crimes involving destruction. and. — Any person who shall cause destruction by means of explosion. the penalty of prision mayor shall be imposed. The penalty shall be death where the kidnapping or detention was committed for the purpose of extorting ransom from the victim or any other person. shall be punished by reclusion temporal if the commission has endangered the safety of any person.4. If the person kidnapped or detained shall be a minor. maliciously changing railway signals for the safety of moving trains. otherwise. Art. 324. or those of any other system. . female or a public officer. sinking or stranding of a vessel. taking up the rails from a railway track. in general. destroying telegraph wires and telegraph posts. discharge of electric current. inundation. even if none of the circumstances above-mentioned were present in the commission of the offense. intentional damaging of the engine of said vessel. by using any other agency or means of destruction as effective as those above enumerated.

however that the exercise of the . and to make terrorism a crime against the Filipino people. . and against the law of nations.It is declared a policy of the State to protect life. military. SEC. It is to be understood.PERTINENT PROVISIONS OF RA 9372 RA 9372. against humanity. diplomatic. The State recognizes that the fight against terrorism requires a comprehensive approach. Nothing in this Act shall be interpreted as a curtailment. Such measures shall include conflict management and post-conflict peace-building. and legal means duly taking into account the root causes of terrorism without acknowledging these as justifications for terrorist and/or criminal activities. economic. In the implementation of the policy stated above. and property from acts of terrorism. liberty. addressing the roots of conflict by building state capacity and promoting equitable economic development. Declaration of Policy. comprising political. restriction or diminution of constitutionally recognized powers of the executive branch of the government. to condemn terrorism as inimical and dangerous to the national security of the country and to the welfare of the people. 2. the State shall uphold the basic rights and fundamental liberties of the people as enshrined in the Constitution.

constitutionally recognized powers of the executive department of the government shall not prejudice respect for human rights which shall be absolute and protected at all times. in order to coerce the government to give in to an unlawful demand. (Absorption) . RA 9372 punishes the acts enumerated under Section 3 and the effect of such act of sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace. as enumerated. and such act must generate the condition stated under the same section. it is acts enumerated under Section 3 which thereby sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace. Acts Punishable under RA 9372  Generally. in order to coerce the government to give in to an unlawful demand.  The predicate act is then integrated to the act of terrorism. there is a predicate act. under RA 9372.  To be liable under RA 9372.  Hence.

RA 9372 enabled the Philippines to keep up with the modern times in terms of national defense since RA 9372 provided the acts for terrorism.PERSONAL INSIGHT ABOUT THE LAW The Human Security Act strengthens the provisions of the Revised Penal Code that it enumerates under its Section 3. it is one of the best laws ever passed by the Congress. we could not possibly know what acts are to consider as acts of terrorism since there was no anti-terrorism law prior. in fact. If RA 9372 was not enacted. . Terrorism in the modern world is infamously rampant especially with developing countries like the Philippines. in order to coerce the government to give in to an unlawful demand. The Human Security Act is a good law. Such act now becomes an act of terrorism. RA 9372 serves as another set of fangs for the Revised Penal Code by punishing such acts if it is sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace.

R.A. Bedona Jr. 9372 Human Security Act of 2007: An anti-terrorism law Submitted to: Atty. Zacarias D. Fontilon JD-II . Submitted by: Jude Vincent D.