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# Nama : Alvindo Andreansyah Putra

NPM

: 270110150057

Kelas : D
No

: 2.162 – 2.179

1. How many significant digits are in the value 0°F ? (The zero is not left of all
other digits, right of all other digits, or between all other digits.) How many
are there in its Celsius equivalent?
 None.

5
9

×

0°F

= - 17.77777777... °C → infinite
Or, if rounded to three digits after decimal point = - 17.778°C → 5
significant digits

= (0 – 32)

2. Calculate the depth of water in centimeters in a cubic box (not full) with 40.0cm edges if the mass of the contents is 25.6 kg.

v

× 40

= 40

m = 25.6 kg
40

× 40

× 40

= 64000 cm3

= 25.6 L

×

depth

= 64 L

= 25600 cm

3

depth = 25600 cm3
= 16 cm

3. Calculate the length of a rectangular solid if its density is 6.12 g/cm3 its mass is
512 g, its width is 9.12 cm, and its thickness is 0.250 cm.

ρ

=

6.12 g/cm3
l

m
v

=

512 g
9.12cm ×0.250 cm ×l

= 36.693039789 cm
= 3.67

× 10-1 cm

4. A vitamin pill maker produces pills with a mass of 1.00 g each. If each of the
following indicates the mass of active ingredient, what percentage of the pill
is active in each case?
A. 3.00 mg = 3/1000
= 0.30 %
B. 0.300 mg = 3/10000 = 0.03 %
C. 300 mg = 300/1000 = 30 %
5. What is the volume of a cube whose edge measures:
A. 4.99 cm
1.24
B. 6.13

= 4.99

× 10-2 cm3
× 10-8 cm

×

4.99

×

= 230.346397

= 2.30

× 10-26 cm3

4.99

×

= 124.251499 cm3 =

10-24 cm3

assuming it to be spherical with radius 6400 km and mass 6.5.22 (b) \$13.14 ×27 3 = 1.56 g/cm3 (sugar/sucrose) 7.558 g/cm3 8. Which of the following amounts of money would more likely be rounded by a merchant to the nearest \$10?  (a) \$1303..22 → 13 times \$10 plus \$3. Using the densities in Table 2.4 °F = 273 – 273 = 0 °C =  × -23 + 32 9 5 × 0 + 32= 32 °F = 329 – 273 = 56 °C = 9 5 × 56 + 32 = 132.  ρ = m v 177 = 4 × 3.22 → \$10 plus \$3.12 and there are 4.00-cm radius and a mass of 177 g.22 → this.144 × 1024 3 = 5.!!! 10. identify the substance in a sphere with a 3..1 × 104 grains of rice per pound.1 ×1027 = 4 × 3.6. m v 6.8 °F 9. . Calculate the average density of the Earth.1  ρ = × 1024 kg.14 ×262.a) Calculate the price of an average grain of a certain type of rice if a pound of this rice costs \$2. Calculate the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit of each of the following:  250 °K = 250 – 273 = -23 °C   = 9 5 = 9 5 0 °K 273 °K = 0 – 273 329 °K × = -9.4 °F = -273 °C -273 + 32 = -459.

942 1.942 :1 Mwater + Methyl/0.789 Mwater/0.12 cm and mass 441 g.5170731707 × 10-4 = \$ 5.14 ×134. m v −23 5.789 Mwater/0.789 Mwater Vsolution Vsolution Vsolution Vsolution Vsolution Vsolution : : : : : : Vwater Vwater Vwater Vwater Vwater Vwater ÷ 0.789 g/mL) are combined.942 : Mwater/1 Msolution/0. 2. If the density of the resulting solution is 0.942 g/mL.2 × 10-5 b) How many significant digits should be reported in this calculation?  2 11.Calculate the mass of a sphere of radius 2.382 g/cm3.382 = mass 4 × 3.Calculate the density in grams per cubic centimeter of an average chlorine atom.942 :1 Mwater + Methyl/0.21 × 10-1 g/cm3 14.12 ÷ 4.32 ρ × 10-1 g 12.157625 ×10−24 3 = 1.Equal volumes of water (density 1.05  ρ = × 10-10 m and a mass of 5.00 g/mL) and ethyl alcohol (density 0.Calculate the density of a sphere of radius 5.217728 3 = 7.  ρ = m v 441 = 4 × 3.89× 10 = 4 × 3.14 ×20.789 g/mL = Methyl = = = = = = Msolution/0.942 .14 ×1. which has a radius of 1.75 cm and density 0.  = m v 0.796875 3 mass = 3.89 × 10-23 g. what is the volume of the solution compared to that of the water?  Vwater = Vethyl Mwater = Methyl 0.84 × 10-1 g/cm3 13.1 × 104 = 0.942 :1 Mwater + 0.

52.84 × 10-24 cm3 16. 19°F → (19 – 32) B.52 = 1. which has a radius of 1.00 mL of water.0 – 32) C.5196 mL 0.05  × 10-10 m.3.0°F 5 9 × = -7.  Sulfuric Acid → 99.8342 = 54.0835 mL + 55.Calculate the density of a solution prepared with 54.0 – 32) 0. The density of water is 1.778°C How many significant digits should be reported for each? 2.8342 = 54. The volume of the solution is 54.08 mL of sulfuric acid and 1. v = 4 3 × 3.14 × 1.834 g/mL .5 17. The density of water is 1. → (0.8305 g/mL.Vsolution : Vwater = 1.Calculate the volume of a (spherical) atom of chlorine. 19.00 g/mL and that of sulfuric acid is 1.5639 mL 18. Calculate the temperature in Celsius of each of the following: A.0835 mL ÷ 1.8305 g/mL.00) ÷ 54.000 ÷ 1.2°C 5 9 × 5 9 × = -7.  ((54.00 g of sulfuric acid is added to 1.Calculate the reduction in volume after 99. that of sulfuric acid is 1.08 × 1.000 g/mL.157625 × 10-24 = 4.00% sulfuric acid in water is 1.22°C = -17.89 : 1 15.8342 g/mL.8305) + 1.000 = 1. and that of 99.00 ÷  Water → 1.000 mL  Solution → (99 + 1) 1.000 g of water.0°F → (19.