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LAB REPORT

Neysa / 10.2b

INTRODUCTION

In this past semester, we’ve been learning about stoichiometry. Stoichiometry is the
relationship between the relative quantities of substances taking part in In a reaction
or forming a compound, typically a ratio of whole integers. In this first project of the
semester we will have an experiment where the idea is to determine the unknown
molarity of a solution.

In this experiment, I am going to deal with HCL (Hydrochloric Acid) and pure
magnesium powder. I have to mix both materials to create a reaction and when it’s no
longer reacting and there are still some pure magnesium powder left, I can then
determine the molarity of the HCL. Here is the clue that is given to us:

“Hydrochloric acid reacts with magnesium and they create


magnesium chloride that dissolves in the solution and hydrogen gas.
So as long as there are magnesium and hydrochloric acid in the
beaker, the hydrogen gas will always be forming and the magnesium
will always continue to vanish”.

So, the question for this is “What is the unknown molarity of a 50 ml of HCl and how
to find it?” A way to solve this problem that is by using the formula

Molarity = Mass/Volume

Hypothesis: Before the real lab experiment, we went through a pre lab where
Mr.Jared gave the molarity so then we just need to find a method and see if the
method succeeds or not by having the same answer for the molarity.

So my hypothesis to find an unknown molarity of a 50ml HCL is first, mix the


HCL with 1g of magnesium and wait until it stop reacting. Then find the mole by
using the formula: Mass/RFM. After finding the mole of the leftover magnesium
powder I can find the molarity of HCL by using the formula: Mole/volume.

METHOD

Variables

Independent Dependent Control

The amount of magnesium The amount of magnesium The amount of HCL


(1g) that reacted with HCL (50ml)

Materials Tools

50ml of HCL - 2 beakers


1g of magnesium powder - 1 flask
- 1 Funnel
- 1 Petridis
- 1 pair of gloves
- 1 Digital measurement/ balance
- 1 pipette
- 1 Spatula
- 2 filter paper

Steps:
1) First, balance the equation. 2HCL + Mg -> MgCl + H2
2) Find the mass of a beaker, Petridis and filter paper by using digital
measurement.
3) Prepare 50ml of HCL (put it in a beaker).
4) Prepare 1gram of magnesium powder (in a Petridis layered with a filter paper).
5) Pour the magnesium to the HCL and stir it with a spatula (when you stir, it
makes the substances stumble among each other, therefore, the reaction will
be faster).
6) When there are no more reaction (no more bubbles or soda), pour out the HCL
and weight the remaining magnesium powder.
7) Wait until the residue of the magnesium powder dried and calculate the mass
using digital measurement. The purpose is so I can calculate the amount of
magnesium powder that reacted to HCL (1gram of magnesium powder – the
remaining magnesium powder = the amount of magnesium powder reacted to
HCL).
8) To find the moles I need to divide the amount of magnesium reacted to HCL
to the RFM of magnesium (24.3).
9) Find the ratio of the formula by balancing the equation. 2 HCl + Mg è Mg Cl2
+ H2 . So, the ratio of HCl and Mg is 1: 2. Determine the mole of HCL (moles
of magnesium x 2)
10) Calculate the molarity (Molarity = Mole ÷ Volume). (Change the 50ml of
volume to liter).

RESULT

Leftover magnesium powder = 0.3 g


Dissolved magnesium powder = 0.7 g
Mole = Mass/RFM = 0.3/24.3 = 0.012345679 moles
Ratio of HCL and Magnesium = 2 HCl + Mg ➔ Mg Cl2 + H2
= 1:2
Mole of HCL = 0.012345679 x 2 = 0.024691358 moles
Molarity = Mole/Volume = 0.024691358/0.05 liter
= 0.49382716
= 0.5 Molarity

DISCUSSION

So after I followed my methods, I found that the molarity is 0.5. I used all the
materials and equipments I stated beforehand, all of the materials are useful. I then
need to pay be careful in following my plans because some of the steps are different
than my friends’ and it was pretty tempting in changing my own method and
following theirs’ instead, but I followed my method anyways. I need to double-check
my calculation too, to make sure I didn’t miss calculate. I’ve also compared my result
to my friends’ to see if I’m on the right track and some of my friends have the same
answer and some have 0.1 to 0.3 both higher and lower differences in the result.

CONCLUSION

This experiment helps me a lot in learning to find molarity and understanding


stoichiometry. I was having a hard time in this topic since I didn’t really know the use
of stoichiometry, but now that I’ve experiment with the actual use of stoichiometry,
the experiment take me to a whole new perspective and knowledge about
stoichiometry, specifically, about molarity. Through this experiment I learnt to use
digital balancing and also how to use other materials like; Beaker, pipe pad, filter
paper, funnel, digital balance, etc and I am introduced to new materials such as HCL
and magnesium powder. Clearly, experiments are proven to be more helpful and
understandable compared to theories in class, but of course, I will be totally lost if I
hadn’t learn the basic from the theories.