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Neysa / 10.2b

INTRODUCTION

In this past semester, we’ve been learning about stoichiometry. Stoichiometry is the

relationship between the relative quantities of substances taking part in In a reaction

or forming a compound, typically a ratio of whole integers. In this first project of the

semester we will have an experiment where the idea is to determine the unknown

molarity of a solution.

In this experiment, I am going to deal with HCL (Hydrochloric Acid) and pure

magnesium powder. I have to mix both materials to create a reaction and when it’s no

longer reacting and there are still some pure magnesium powder left, I can then

determine the molarity of the HCL. Here is the clue that is given to us:

magnesium chloride that dissolves in the solution and hydrogen gas.

So as long as there are magnesium and hydrochloric acid in the

beaker, the hydrogen gas will always be forming and the magnesium

will always continue to vanish”.

So, the question for this is “What is the unknown molarity of a 50 ml of HCl and how

to find it?” A way to solve this problem that is by using the formula

Molarity = Mass/Volume

Hypothesis: Before the real lab experiment, we went through a pre lab where

Mr.Jared gave the molarity so then we just need to find a method and see if the

method succeeds or not by having the same answer for the molarity.

HCL with 1g of magnesium and wait until it stop reacting. Then find the mole by

using the formula: Mass/RFM. After finding the mole of the leftover magnesium

powder I can find the molarity of HCL by using the formula: Mole/volume.

METHOD

Variables

(1g) that reacted with HCL (50ml)

Materials Tools

1g of magnesium powder - 1 flask

- 1 Funnel

- 1 Petridis

- 1 pair of gloves

- 1 Digital measurement/ balance

- 1 pipette

- 1 Spatula

- 2 filter paper

Steps:

1) First, balance the equation. 2HCL + Mg -> MgCl + H2

2) Find the mass of a beaker, Petridis and filter paper by using digital

measurement.

3) Prepare 50ml of HCL (put it in a beaker).

4) Prepare 1gram of magnesium powder (in a Petridis layered with a filter paper).

5) Pour the magnesium to the HCL and stir it with a spatula (when you stir, it

makes the substances stumble among each other, therefore, the reaction will

be faster).

6) When there are no more reaction (no more bubbles or soda), pour out the HCL

and weight the remaining magnesium powder.

7) Wait until the residue of the magnesium powder dried and calculate the mass

using digital measurement. The purpose is so I can calculate the amount of

magnesium powder that reacted to HCL (1gram of magnesium powder – the

remaining magnesium powder = the amount of magnesium powder reacted to

HCL).

8) To find the moles I need to divide the amount of magnesium reacted to HCL

to the RFM of magnesium (24.3).

9) Find the ratio of the formula by balancing the equation. 2 HCl + Mg è Mg Cl2

+ H2 . So, the ratio of HCl and Mg is 1: 2. Determine the mole of HCL (moles

of magnesium x 2)

10) Calculate the molarity (Molarity = Mole ÷ Volume). (Change the 50ml of

volume to liter).

RESULT

Dissolved magnesium powder = 0.7 g

Mole = Mass/RFM = 0.3/24.3 = 0.012345679 moles

Ratio of HCL and Magnesium = 2 HCl + Mg ➔ Mg Cl2 + H2

= 1:2

Mole of HCL = 0.012345679 x 2 = 0.024691358 moles

Molarity = Mole/Volume = 0.024691358/0.05 liter

= 0.49382716

= 0.5 Molarity

DISCUSSION

So after I followed my methods, I found that the molarity is 0.5. I used all the

materials and equipments I stated beforehand, all of the materials are useful. I then

need to pay be careful in following my plans because some of the steps are different

than my friends’ and it was pretty tempting in changing my own method and

following theirs’ instead, but I followed my method anyways. I need to double-check

my calculation too, to make sure I didn’t miss calculate. I’ve also compared my result

to my friends’ to see if I’m on the right track and some of my friends have the same

answer and some have 0.1 to 0.3 both higher and lower differences in the result.

CONCLUSION

stoichiometry. I was having a hard time in this topic since I didn’t really know the use

of stoichiometry, but now that I’ve experiment with the actual use of stoichiometry,

the experiment take me to a whole new perspective and knowledge about

stoichiometry, specifically, about molarity. Through this experiment I learnt to use

digital balancing and also how to use other materials like; Beaker, pipe pad, filter

paper, funnel, digital balance, etc and I am introduced to new materials such as HCL

and magnesium powder. Clearly, experiments are proven to be more helpful and

understandable compared to theories in class, but of course, I will be totally lost if I

hadn’t learn the basic from the theories.

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