You are on page 1of 3

Proficiency Check Mins :

Alt: 100' A/S: 5k Head: 5

4 or more chimes (from pilot or FA) = an emergency! (pilot
does not leave cockpit until emerg. reason known)
Give FA
Type of emer,
Time to land.
Also, select ABA's.
Brace signal +30 secs: "Brace for Impact (2 times)
"Inrange Check", A/P and A/T on; 250 kts
note entry pitch and FF; A/P, A/T and ALT HOLD off
Turn (use no trim, use armrests):
- > 25 bank, increase pitch by 1 (to about 5 1/2 at 45)
- increase power by about 10%
- use F/S indicator : F = less throttle; S = more throttle
- centered F/S needle = right thrust to capture speed
monitor : altimeter, ADI, F/S, airspeed (VSI slight climb)
lead rollout by 15, return to entry pitch and FF
A/P and A/T on; speed to VM Flaps 0 (to set up for stalls)
"Inrange Check", A/P and A/T on to set up; set GA N1
(N1 Limit Pg), use the "recommended" man. speeds
CLEAN : set 40% N1 at VM Flaps 0
- Flaps 5, gear down, set 50% N1 at VM Flaps 5, then 20bank
- Flaps 30, gear dn, set 50% N1 at VM Flaps 30 (Target)
note pitch and FF, then A/P and A/T off, set N1
- Have V speeds established (not sliding thru a/s)
before pulling back to N1 settings.
maintain altitude or slight climb; trim out during maneuver
at stall :
- firewall throttles, call "Max Throttle"
- level wings; maintain altitude!
- push nose if pitch up , retrim, return to entry pitch angle
- return to initial speed (pull back throttles!); stabilize!
- A/P & A/T on to set up for next stall
- when done : do a "go around" to clean up

Categories of ILS Approaches.

Minimum DH
Minimum RVR
200 feet
2400 feet (1/2M)
200 feet
1800 feet
With touchdown zone and runway centerlin
e lighting .
100 feet
1200 feet
Half the minimums of a standard Cat I ap
100 feet
700 feet

50 feet
150 to 700 feet
No RVR lim.
Pray that your electronics and autopilot
are accurate and reliable.
Use CAT-C (use CAT-D for circle)
All approaches based on visibility, ceiling is advisory .
- there are different mins if TDZ, CL, or ALS are inop !
Must have visibility to start approach. If visibility goes
below mins after FAS, continue to DA (for NP to MAP).
RVR : reported only if 6000 or less or prevailing visibility
1 1/2 mile or less . Otherwise, ask for it. IF Rollout RVR is
inop, you can use MID RVR (for Cat II)
- ex: "RVR 2400, variable 1300": you are OK to land
1/4 mile = 1600 RVR
5/8 mile = 3200 RVR

1/2 mile = 2400 RVR

3/4 mile = 4000 RVR

RVR / GROUND visibility : May be interchanged except:

- If minimums below 2400 RVR, must use TDZ RVR if
reported, MID RVR may be substituted for TDZ if TDZ is
not reporting (Cat I only)
- Rollout or MID (both are just advisory) must be reported
if RVR <1600 (TDZ RVR still controlling)
- For circle, must have prevailing visibility.
PREVAILING VISIBILITY (PV) : Average airport visibility

Whent to give Position Reports ?

Under IFR
1. Leaving an assigned altitude
2. There s a change of altitude while VFR-on-top
3. You re unable to climb or descend 500 fpm
4. There s a true airspeed change in excess of 5% or 10 knots
5. Reaching a holding fix
6. Leaving a holding fix
7. There s a missed approach
8. There s any kind of equipment failure
9. Anything affects the safety of the flight
When not in radar contact
1. Leaving a final approach fix inbound
2. Unforecast weather
3. Change in the ETA greater than plus or minus three minutes
4. Designated reporting points


To maintain a 3 degree glideslope (eg: ILS) multiply the groundspeed
you are achieving by 5. The resulting number is the rate of
descent to fly.
Ex: Groundspeed = 110 Kts x 5 = 550fpm rate of descent to maintain
3 degree glideslope
Divide your IAS by 2 & Multiply by 100 to get 3* FPM descent.
Ex: IAS 160Kts/2= 80 X 100 = 800FPM Descent to keep a 3 GS

LOSS OF COMMUNICATIONS PROCEDURE --Review EFC times (expect further clearance)

Necessary anytime the clearance limit is not an airport, for example:
-Cleared to a fix
-Holding instructions
(If ATC clears you to a fix or issues a holding instruction without an EFC time,
it is up to the pilot to refuse the clearance without an EFC time.)
Review MEA, MOCA, etc.
Minimum en-route altitude
Guarantees acceptable navigation signal reception
Guarantees obstacle clearance
Minimum Obstacle Clearance Altitude
Guarantees obstacle clearance
Guarantees acceptable VOR reception within 22 NM of the station.
MRA Minimum Reception Altitude
Minimum altitude at which acceptable navigation signal strength exists t
identify a fix.
MCA Minimum Crossing Altitude
Minimum altitude at which a fix may be crossed
Varies with direction of flight
What is the cause?
-Radios? Microfonos? Frecuencias? Estatica (hay tormentas)? Audifonos o Speake
Explain courses of action in the event of a communications failure.
Once it is determined that there is really a communications failure:
-If in VFR conditions, continue the flight in VFR conditions; land as soon as
practicable; contact ATC and inform them of the situation.
In IFR conditions, squawk 7700 for 1 minute, then 7600; Then what?
-Follow last clearance received and readback; If you received the clearance
but didn t read it back or get a readback correct confirmation, then the
previous clearance is still in effect.
-If ATC gave an expected further clearance, follow that.
Highest of assigned altitude, expected altitude, MEA.
-In a hold. Leave the hold at the EFC time and proceed to fly the approach,
or continue on with the assigned route.
-If being radar vectored, by the direct route from the point of radio failure
to the
fix, route, or airway specified in the vector clearance.
(FAR 91.185)