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It is an acute illness of sudden onset that usually follows a benign course with headache, fever, exhaustion, severe joint and muscle pain, swollen glands, and rash. The presence (the "dengue triad") of fever, rash, and headache is particularly characteristic of dengue. How is dengue contracted? The virus is contracted from the bite of a striped Aedes aegypti mosquito that has previously bitten an infected person. Mosquitoes pick up a dengue virus when they bite a human who is already infected with the virus. The mosquito then carries it in its own blood and spreads it when it bites other humans.
After a dengue virus enters the human bloodstream, it spreads throughout the body. Symptoms appear in about eight to ten days after a bite from an infected mosquito. Symptoms are flu-like and can include high fever, nausea, vomiting, body aches, and headache. Aeges aegypti mosquito? is a mosquito that can spread the dengue fever. The mosquito can be recognized by white markings on legs and a marking in the form of a lyre on the thorax. The mosquito originated in Africa, but is now found in tropical regions throughout the world. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a daytime biter with peak periods of biting around sunrise and sunset. It may bite at any time of the day and is often hidden inside homes or other
dwellings, especially in urban areas.
Signs & Symptoms: • Dengue fever usually starts suddenly with a rapidly climbing high fever, that's why the temperature in dengue fever is called a 'saddleback' type temperature. severe headaches nausea & vomiting loss of appetite
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rashes develop on the feet or legs 3 to 4 days after the beginning of the fever Swelling and pain in muscles and joints soar throat, runny nose, slight cough
Death measures for Possible herbal Medication used: • soup made from camote tops (purple sweet potato) • fruit juices (apple & orange) • raw papaya leaves, 2pcs just cleaned and pound and squeeze with filter cloth • tea must be herbal, with tulsi, ginger, cardamom • lemon grass (raw juice) • porridge and baked toast (not fried) • Euphorbia hirta L. (Tawa-tawa or gatasgatas) Cut roots off 5 to 6 gatas-gatas plants. Rinse and put it into a pot of boiling water for one minute. Cool. Let the dengue patient drink the decoction, 1 to 1 1/2
Preventive dengue. •
• • Possible complications & alarming signs of dengue: • Fatigue • Tiredness • Bleeding (gums, nosebleeding) • Shock • Very low blood pressure • •
Patients are kept under mosquito netting until the second bout of fever is over and they are no longer contagious. control or eradication of the mosquitoes carrying the virus that causes dengue empty stagnant water from old tires, trash cans, and flower pots Wear long pants and long sleeves For personal protection, use mosquito repellant sprays Limiting exposure to mosquitoes by avoiding standing water and staying indoors two hours after sunrise and before sunset will help
glasses, every hour for 24 hours.
REMINDERS: No vaccine is made to cure dengue. Preventive measures are to be done to avoid dengue. Prepared by: AMONOY, JALYCA I. BSN3-Q