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CHAPTER-I

INTRODUCTION

1.1 INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY

Human are main resources of every organization. Without manpower management


cannot do anything. So every organization must take care of this manpower
resource therefore there must possess separate department for taking care of labour.
The sugar industry despite the many difficulties experienced in recent times
continued to occupy prominent role. As human is an important asset of the
organization then it become necessary to provide good working condition
particularly those who work on complex machine? It is the duty of the organization
to follow all the welfare facilities related rules and regulations given under the
Factories Act 1948.
Welfare is main dynamic concept it includes various facilities provided
towards the worker. Prevention is better than cure. By providing all the types of
welfare facilities employee can motivate for higher efficiency ultimately it leading
to more productivity.
As selected unit is sugar industry where the chances of the accident are more
and workers are exposed to health hazards, it becomes necessary to management to
give maximum facilities to avoid the accident and preserve the health and this is
the reason why researcher has selected this topic in the sugar unit.

1.2 Objectives of Study:

1. To study health and safety facilities adopted in the factory.


2. To study working conditions in the factory.
3. To study problems about health and safety facilities in the factory.

1.3 SIGNIFICANS OF THE STUDY

The achievement of the highest standards of health and safety in the workplace is
important because the elimination, or at least minimization, of health and safety
hazards and risks are the moral as well as the legal responsibility of employers-this
over-riding reason. Close and continuous attention to health and safety important
because ill-health and injuries inflicted by the system of work or working condition
cause suffering and loss to individuals and their departments. In addition accidents
and absences through ill-health or injuries result in losses and damage for the
organization.

1.4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

1.4.1 METHODOLOGY DETAILS:

This report is based on primary as well as secondary data, however primary


data collection was given more importance since it is overhearing factor in attitude
studies. It helps in identifying the problem, collecting, analyzing the required
information data and providing alternative solution to the problem. It also helps in
collecting the vital information that is required by the top management to assist
them for the better decision making both day to day decision and critical ones.
For the purpose of the study 200 employees were picked up at random and
their views solicited on different parameters.
1.4.2 SOURCES OF DATA:
Primary sources:
Primary data is the actual information which is received by the researcher
for study from actual field of research. This data is obtained by means of
questionnaire and schedules.
The primary data are facts there are many more methods of collecting the
primary data. Such data are known as primary because the researcher attains them
from field of research directly and for the first time. Primary data are collected
from HR manager, safety officer, time keeper, observation and questionnaire. The
objective of the exploratory research is to gain insights and ideas. The objective of
the descriptive research study is typically concerned with determining the
frequency with which something occurs. A well structured questionnaire was
prepared for the primary research.
Secondary sources:
It is the data which has already been collected someone or organization for
some other purpose or research study. The data for study has been collected from
various sources.
Books.

Prospectus of sugar factory.


Internet.

1.4.3 SAMPLING METHODOLOGY


Sampling unit:
The respondents who were asked to fill out the questionnaire were
from factory are the sampling units. These respondents comprise of the persons
who are workers. The people have been interviewed at their work place.
Sample size:
The decided sample size is 150 respondents out of 890 workers.
Research duration:
50 days

1.5 LIMITATIONS

Out of total population, the ratio of sample size is small.


The study is limited only for HR department.
Due to time limit the sampling size is 150.

The study depends on data provided by the organization and respondents, so


it is limited and as per the situation occurred by researcher.

CHAPTER-II
ORGANIZATIONAL
PROFILE

2.1 ABOUT THE ORGANIZATION

Establishment Founder-

Preface

20th June,1960
Sahakar Maharshi Shankarrao Narayanrao
Mohite-Patil.

Prior to 1960 Malshiras Taluka was a barren one. A common man


Shankarrao Mohite-Patil was very uneasy and he decided to change this situation
of this region. He thinks, discuss with colleagues experts and explain his ideas to
his friends. He and his friends get in confidence to all farmers and established a
sugar factory in co-operative sector with taking much effort in every critical
situation.
Co-operative sugar factorys land worship was made with the
auspicious hands of Honorable Yeshwantrao Mohite, Deputy Home Minister, and
Maharashtra State on 26th February, 1961. Sugar factories erection work was
completed within recorded period of 15 months. The first sugarcane crushing
season was started by the auspicious hands of Honorable Yeshwantrao Chavan,
Minister for Defense, Government of India, New Delhi in president of Honorable
Morotrao Kannamwar, Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 14 th February, 1963 with
initial capacity of 1000 TCD.
Sahakar Maharshi Sankarrao Mohite-Patil made efforts for the water
irrigation of Nira right canal and due to irrigation the cane cultivation in this region
has been increased. To crush the available plenty of cane, the crushing of sugar
factory has been increased time to time.

Progress of Sugar Factory:

Sr. No. Particulars


1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

No. of Share Holders


Share Capital
Deposit
Crushing Capacity
Total Crushing
Production of Sugar
Recovery
Sugarcane in Commanded
Area

Year 1962-63 Year 2009-10


1353
Rs. 4031000
Rs. 111000
1000 M. T./day
31637 M.T.
33801 Bags
10.77
1087 (In Acres)

20589
Rs. 453779904
Rs. 236500000
4500 M.T./day
1270928 M.T.
147000 Bags
11.56
33825 (In Acres)

9
10
11
12

Sugarcane price
No. of Employees
Villages in command
Audit Class

Rs.53.50/Tonne
Total-215
63
A

Rs. 2200/ Tonne (1st inst.)


Total-890
175
A+

Expansion of Factory:

Sr.No.
1
2
3
4
5

Year
1963
1968
1973
1997
2010-10

Expansion &
Modernization/day
1000 M.T.
1750 M.T.
3000 M.T.
4500 M.T.
7000 M.T.

CANE DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY

To increase the per acre yield of sugarcane and sugar recovery, factory
established separate Cane Development Wing. This wing gives information of
advance technology regarding sugarcane crop on farmers field.

SCHEMES IMPLEMENTED FOR CANE DEVELOPMENT

1) Land Development:
To increase fertility of soil we supplies the green manuring seeds of
Dhencha and Sunhemp. For preparatory tillage operation of land we provide
Subsoiler on hire basis.

2) Bio-fertilizers:
To increase uptake of phosphate we compulsory supplies phosphate
solablising bacteria and decomposing culture for trash decomposing.

3) Chemical Fertilizers:
We supplies basal dose to the farmers on their demand. Under guidance of
Vasantdada Sugar Institute and report of soil analysis we supplies
micronutrients i.e. Zink sulphate, ferrous sulphate and sulpher in granular
form, also supplies multi micro nutrients & multi micro nutrients in liquid
form.
4) Three tire system of seed propagation:
A good quality and disease free seeds are supply through three tire systems,
to the cane growers on credit basis.

5) Supply of Insecticide & Fungicide:


For seed treatment of sugarcane sets, we supplies insecticides & fungicides.

6) Supply of Weedicides:
To control weed problem in proper time, we supply weedicides to the cane
growers.

7) Plant protection measures:


To control pests like root borrer, shoot borrer & white grub, we supplies
insecticides. For controlling white grub infestation, complain programme of
collection of beets is taken.

8) Study tours for cane growers:


To increase yield & recovery of sugarcane crop, we have arranged study
tours for cane growers at VSI & Cane Research Station, Padegaon.

9) : Shiv Samruddhi Bio-compost:


We supplies Shiv Samruddhi bio compost fertilizers in 50 kg poly bag
packing, which is enriched with Acetobactor, PSB, Fe, Zn, Mn, & boron on
credit basis.

10)

Award for Best Cane Growers:

Our factory gives awards from last five years for the members to achieve the
higher yield of sugarcane growers.

Cane Price:We are crushing highest sugarcane in State of Maharashtra and also
paying highest sugarcane price. Factory has been continuously
given A + Class Audit Rating.

DISTILLERY
PROJECT
Establish-1984
Capacity-30KLPD
Type-Batch
Expantion-1993
Capacity-30KLPD
Type-Biostill

Total Capacity - 60KLPD.


E.N.A. PLANT
Establish 1993
Capacity 45KLPD
ETHANOL PROJECT
Establish 2000
Capacity 45KLPD.
First Project in Co-OP.Sector

ACETIC

ACID

Establish
Capacity
Modified in
&
Made
Ethanol
Production
KLPD
Capacity.
Acetic Acid
Chemical,

1993
20 M. T.
January 2003

pharmaceutical,
Dyes, Food preservative
Industries etc.

suitable to
with 50

used for

BIO GAS AND


EFFLUENT
TREATMENT
PLANT
Establish -1993
Capacity 500
In this plant biomechanization
Process is done as
treatment on
Distillery spent
and generated
Methane gas supplies to boiler
as fuel.

MODERNIZATION & CO-GENERATION


Factory has double
milling tandem
& to reduce the
production cost &
Also to crush the
plenty availability
In the area of
operation,
management
Has decided to
modernize plant.

cum/hr.

first
wash

33 MW bagasses based co-generation


Project is also commissioned
In 2010-2011.

COMPOSTING
PROJECT
Establish 1993
The treated
Spentwash is
Used for the
composting
Process.

SOIL TESTING LABORATORY


Establish- 1971
As per the analysis
Of soil,
recommends the
firtilizers
To maintain and
the
Soil fertility.

report

increase

BIOFERTILIZERS

UNIT

Establish- 2000
Capacity 150 M.

T.P.A.

For maintaining
fertility
And productivity.
Sugar factory is
suppling
Bio-fertilizers to
The farmers.

soil

List of Awards Received from National & State Level Institutes


Sr. Year
No.
1

1978

1983

1985

Name of Institute/
Organization

Awards and Certificates

Institute of Self Defence of


National Character, New Delhi
National productivity council of
India New Delhi
National Safety Council, Mumbai

Gold Medal.
Certificate of Merit in fuel conservation.

1987

Ministry of Food & Civil Supply,


Government of India, New Delhi

National Efficiency Award for Steam


Economy & Technical Efficiency.

1990

National Safety Council, Mumbai

National; Safety award for Industrial


Safety.

1998

Collector of Solapur

Certificate of saving Factory

1999-2000

Vasantdada Institute Pune

1) Best Cane Development Award (1st )

National; Safety award for Industrial


Safety.

2) Best Technical Efficiency Award(2nd)

2000-01

Maharashtra State Co-op


Factories Ltd; Mumbai

Best Technical Efficiency Award(2nd)

National Federation of Co-op.


Sugar FactoriesLtd; New Delhi

1) Best Cane Development Award (2nd)


2) First Prize for Maximum Sugar Export

Government of Maharashtra,Mumbai Maharashtra Rajya Vanshri Puraskar(1st)

10

2001-02

2002

11 2002-03

Vasantdada Institute, Pune

1) Best Cane Development Award


2 Best Innovative Sugar Factory Award

Ministry Of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi

National Safety Award 2000

National Federation of Co-op.


Sugar Factories Ltd;New Delhi

1) Best Cane Development Award (2nd)


2) First Prize for Maximum Sugar Export

International Standard Organization

ISO 9001:2000 Certificate

Ministry Of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi
Vasantdada Sugar Institute, Pune

12 2003-04

13 2004-05

Ministry of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi

National Safety Award for Zero Accident


2001,2002,2003 years
Best Innovative Sugar Factory
National Safety Award (1st prize)

Vasantrao Naik Memorial Trust

Best Innovative Work in Agriculture

Bharat Petrileum Corp. Mumbai

Award & Prize for Maximum Sale

Ministry of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi

National Safety Award 2004

Ministry of Environment & Forest


Government of India, New Delhi

First Prize for Indira Priyadarhini


Vraksha Mitra Award 2002

14 2005-06 Ministry of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi

National Safety Award 2005

15

National Safety Award 2006

2007

Ministry of Labour & Employment


Government of India, New Delhi

16 2006-07 Vasantdada Sugar Institute, Pune

1) Best Innovative Sugar Factory Award


2) Best Financial Management Award

17 2008

Nationa Safety Council, Maharashtra

First Prize fir Safety Award

18 2009

Vasantdada Sugar Institute, Pune

Best Cane Development Award

Welfare Activities for Members And Employees


Sahakar Maharshi Shankarrao Mohite-Patil S.S.K. Sevakanchi Sahakari
Patsanstha Maryadit, Shankarnagar (Employees Credit Society)
Establishment: 28th August, 1963
Objects:
1. To financial aids to the members.
2. To run the grocery shop to provide the house hold materials.
3. To provide the lodging & dinning set in reasonable rate for
the various function.
Kamgar Kalyan Kendra (Employees Welfare Centre)
Establishment: 14th January, 1982
Objects:
1. To arrange the sport activities to support the workers, boys
& girls of rural area.
2. To arrange the programs for entertainment.

3. To run the Shishu Mandir & Balmandir.


4. To provide the sports equipments for employees.
Sahakar Maharshi Shankarrao Mohite-Patil S.S.K.Ltd; Sevak Kalyan
Nidhi Trust, Shankarnagar-Akluj (Employees Welfare Fund)
Establishment: 11th January, 1989
Objects:
1. To Financial aids for the Expensive & Serious illness.
2. To Financial aids for the Serious injured in accident.
3. To Financial aids for the students for higher education.
4. To Financial aids for the marriage ceremony.
5. To Financial aids for the economically backward members.
Sahakar Maharshi Sankarrao Mohite-Patil Shetkari Kalyan Nidhi Trust
(Farmers Welfare Fund)
Establishment: 20th June, 1995
Objects:
1. To arrange or to support the common marriage ceremony aids
for the economically backward.
2. To Financial aids for the serious sickness & accident instants.
3. To progress the Agriculture & rural area.
Shankarrao Mohite-Patil Charitable Hospital Trust
Establishment: 20th June, 1995
Objects:
1. To provide all types of medical facilities to all common people,
Factory members & Employees.
2. To spread the education for maintain the Social Health.
3. To arrange the camps like family planning.
4. To establish the proposed modern hospital with all necessary
Facilities for 100 beds.
5. To establish proposed Engineering College.
Shankarrao Mohite-Patil Sarv Seva Sangh, Shankarnagr
(Service Provider Federation)

Establishment: 11th December, 2005


Objects:
1. To help and assist to the factory members for their sugarcane
Harvesting & transportation.
2. To provide the work for sugarcane harvesting supervisor &
Their colleagues.
3. To provide the education to farmers & farm labour, also provides
The latest technology to increase their efficiency.
4. To establish the library for farmers, farm labour at the backward
Place.
5. To provide the modern & latest instruments to the labour of
Sugarcane harvesting & transportation.
6. To arrange the study tours of farmers in country or abroad.
Sakhar Shala (School for kids of sugarcane harvestin labour)
To provide the education facilities for the kids of Sugarcane
harvesting and transportation labours, factory conducts the Sakhar
Shala at site

CHAPTER-III

THEORETICAL
BACKGROUND

HAELTH AND SAFETY:

Safety and health policies and programs are concerned with protecting
employees and other person affected by what company produce and does against
the hazards arising from their employment or their links with company. Safety

programs deal with the prevention of accidents and with minimizing the resulting
and damage to person and property. They relate more to system of work than
working environment, but both health and safety programs are concerned with
protection against hazards, and their aims and methods clearly inter-linked.

MANAGING HEALTH AND SAFETY AT WORK

It is estimated by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) that in the UK


about 500 people are killed at work every year and several hundred thousand more
are injured or suffer ill-health. It is also estimated that, apart from the pain and
misery caused those directly or indirectly concerned, the total cost to British
employers of work related injury and illness exceeds 4 billion a year.

The achievement of a health and safe place of work and elimination to the
maximum extent possible of hazards to health and safety are the responsibility of
everyone employed in an organization, as well as those working there under
contract.

The importance of healthy and safe policies and practices is, sadly, often
under-estimated by those concerned with managing businesses and individual
managers within those businesses. But it cannot be emphasized too strongly that
the prevention of accidents and elimination of health and safety are a prime
responsibility of management and managers in order.

IMPORTANCE OF HEALTH AND SAFETY IN THE WORK PLACE

The achievement of the highest standards of health and safety in the work
place is important because the elimination, or at least minimization, of health and
safety hazards and risks are moral as well as the legal responsibility of employers
this is the over-riding reason. Close and continuous attention to health and safety is

important because ill-health and injuries inflicted by the system of work or


working condition cause suffering and loss to individuals and their departments. In
addition accidents and absences through ill-health or injuries results in losses and
damage for the organization.

As managing health and safety at work is matter of:


Developing health and safety policies.
Conducting risk assessments which identify hazards and assess the risk
attached to them.
Carrying out health and safety audits and inspections.
Implementing occupational health programs.
Managing stress.
Preventing accidents.
Measuring health and safety performance.
Training in good health and safety practices.
Organizing health and safety.

HEALTH AND SAFETY POLICIES


Written health and safety policies are required to demonstrate that top
management is concerned about the protection of the organizations employees
from hazards at work and to indicate how this protection will be provided. They
are, therefore, first, a declaration of intent, second, identification of the means by
which that intent will be realized, and third, a statement of the guidelines that
should be followed by everyone concerned-which means all employees-in
implementing policy.

The policy statement should consist of three parts:


The general policy statement.
The description of the organization for health and safety.
Details of arrangements for implementing the policy.

The general policy statement


The general policy should be a declaration of the intention of the employer
to safeguard the health and safety employees. It should emphasize four
fundamental points:

That the safety of employees and the public are of paramount importance.
That safety takes precedence over expediency.
That every effort will be made to involve all managers, team leaders and
employees in the development and implementation of health and safety
procedures.
That health and safety legislation will be compiled with in the spirit as well
as the letter of the law.

Organization
This section of policy statement should describe the health and safety
organization of the company through which high standards are set and achieved by
people at the all levels in the organization.
This statement should be underlined the ultimate responsibility of top
management for the health and safety performance of the organization.
It should then indicate how key management personnel are accountable for
performance in their areas. The role of safety representatives and safety
committees should be defined, and the duties of specialists such as the safety
adviser and the medical officer should be summarized.

HEALTH AND SAFETY AUDITS


What is health and safety audit?

A safety audit will examine the whole organization in order to test whether it
is meeting its safety aims and objectives. It will examine hierarchies, safety
planning processes, decision making, policy making and implementation as well as
all areas of safety program planning.

Who carries out a health and safety audit?


Safety audits can be conducted by safety adviser and/or personnel specialists
but the managers, employees and trade union representatives are involved, the
better. Manager can be responsible for conducting the audits within their
department can be trained to carry out audit in particular areas.

What is covered by a health and safety audit?


A health and safety audit should cover:

Policies:

Do health and safety policies meet legal requirements?


Are senior managers committed to health and safety?
Is there and safety committee? If not, why not?
How effective is the committee in getting things done?

Procedures:
How effectively do the procedure

Support the implementation of health and safety policies?


Communicate the need for good health and safety practices?
Ensure that accident is investigated thoroughly?
Record data on health and safety which are used to evaluate performance
and initiate action?

Provide safety training, especially induction training and training when jobs
or working methods are changed?

Safety practices:

To what extent do health and safety practices in all areas of the organization
to confirm to the general requirements of the various regulation and codes
of practice?
What risk assessment has been carried out? What were the findings? What
action was taken?
How thoroughly are accidents investigated? What steps to be taken to
prevent reoccurrences?
What is the evidence that managers and supervisors are really concerned
about health and safety?

Safety inspections:
Safety inspections are designed to examine a specific area of the
organization operational department or manufacturing process in order to locate
and define any faults in the system, equipments, plant or machines or any
operational error that might be the source of accidents.

The steps to be taken in carrying out safety inspections are as follows:


Allocate the responsibility for conducting the inspection.
Define the point to be covered in the form of checklist.
Divide department or plant in to areas and list the points to which
attendance to be given in each area.
Use the checklist as the basic for the inspection.
Carry out sample or spot checks on a random basis.

Set up a reporting system (a form should be used for recoding the results of
inspection)
Set up a system for monitoring that safety inspections are being conducted
properly.
And on schedule and that corrective action should be taken where
necessary.

HEALTH AND SAFETY TRAINING

Health and safety training is key part of the preventative programs. It


should take start as part of the induction course. It should also take place following
a transfer to a new job or a change in working methods. Safety training spell out
the rules and provides information on potential hazards and how to avoid them.

MEASURING HEALTH AND SAFETY PERFORMANCE

The saying that if you cant measure it you cant manage it is totally
applicable to health and safety. It is essential to know what happening, and it is
even more essential to measure trends as a means of identifying in a good time
where actions are necessary.

ACCIDENT PREVENTION

The prevention of accidents is achieved by:


Identifying the causes of accidents and the condition under which they are
most likely to occur.

Taking account of safety factors at the design stage-building safety in to the


system.
Designing safety equipments and pro active devices and providing proactive
clothing.
Carrying out regular risk assessment audits, inspection and checks and
taking action to eliminate risks.
Investing all accidents resulting in damage to establish the cause and to
unsatisfactory trends.
Leadership and motivation encouraging methods of leadership and
motivation that do not take place excessive demands on product.

CHAPTER-IV
DATA ANALYSIS

Table No: 4.1


Title: - Classification of Respondents by Age.
Sr. No.
1
2
3
4

Age in year
18 to 25
26 to 35
36 to 45
46 onwards

Number of Employees
54
17
26
53

Percentage
36
11
18
35

Total

150

100

Graph No: 4.1


Title: - Classification of Respondents by Age.
40%
35%
30%
25%
20%

Series1

15%
10%
5%
0%
18 to25

26 to 35

36 to 45

46 onwards

Interpretation:
From the above table it is clear that majority of the respondents (36 percent)
were in age group 18 to 25, followed by 35 percent in age group 46 onwards, 18
percent respondent were in age 36 to 45 and 11 percent employees were having age
26 to 35 years.

Table No: 4.2


Title: - Classifications of Respondents by Education and Experience.
Education Illiterate
Experience
00 to 03
0
03 to 05
0

1st to 5th

6th to 12th

12
onwards

0
1

34
13

11
03

Total

45 (30%)
17 (11%)

05 to 10
10 onwards

Total

0
0
0 (00%)

2
2
5 (03%)

05
03
74
02
126(84%) 19 (13%)

10 (07%)
78 (52%)
150 (100)

Graph No: 4.2


Title: - Classifications of Respondents by Education and Experience.
80

74

70
60
50
40

34

30
20
13
10
1
0

0 Illitrate
0 0

0
0 to 3

1th to 5th
3 to 5

5 to 10

11
5

6th to 12th
10 onwards

12th onwards

11 onwards

Interpretation:
From the table it is found that,
No single respondent was illiterate or uneducated.
Out of 150 respondents, it is observed that 74 respondents were educated 6th
to 12th and were with company more than 10 years.

It is observed that 34 respondents were educated 6th to 12th and were with
company from 0 to 3 years.
It is observed that 13 respondents were educated 6th to 12th and were with
company from 3 to 5 years.
It is observed that 11 respondents were educated 12th onwards were with
company from 0 to 3 years.
It is observed that 5 respondents were educated 5th to 12th and were with
company from 5 to 10 years.
From the table it is found that 3 each respondent were educated 12th onwards
and with company from 3 to 5 and 5 to 10 years respectively.
From the table it is found that 2 each respondent were educated 1st to 5th and
were with the company from 5 to 10 and more than 10 years.

Table No: 4.3


Title:- Classification of employees by Marital Status.
Sr.No.

1
2

Marital Status
Married
Unmarried

No. of Employees
106
44

Percentage
71
29

Total

150

100

Graph No: 4.3


Title:- Classification of employees by Marital Status.

80
70
60
50

71
2

40
30

29

20
10
0

Married

Unmarried

Interpretation:
From the above table it is clear that, 71 percent of employees are married
and 27 percent of the employees are bachelor.

Table No: 4.4


Title:-Satisfaction of the Employees with Medical Facility.
Particulars

Not Used

Satisfied

Not Satisfied

About First Aid Box

88

(59%)

60 (40%)

02 (1%)

About Health Check-up

64

(43%)

62 (41%)

24 (16%)

Graph No: 4.4


Title:-Satisfaction of the Employees with Medical Facility.

59
60
50

43
40

40

41

30
20
16

10
0

Not Used
Satisfied

Unsatisfied
First Aid Box

Health Check up

Interpretation:
From the above table it is clear that,

59 percent respondents were not used First Aid Box Facility.


40 percent respondents were satisfied with First Aid Box Facility.
43 percent respondents were never used Health check-up Facility.
41 percent respondents were satisfied with Health check-up Facility.

Table No: 4.5


Title: - Satisfaction of the Employees about Hygienic Facility.
Criteria

Satisfied

Not satisfied

Nutritious Food

114 (76%)

33 (22%)

Neutral
3

(2%)

Safe Drinking Water

147 (98%)

02 (02%)

(0%)

Urinals and Laterals


Clean and Lighting

140 (93%)
105 (70%)

10 (07%)
33 (22%)

0 (0%)
12 (8%)

Graph No: 4.5


Title: - Satisfaction of the Employees about Hygienic Facility.
98

93

100
90
80

76
70

70
60
50
40
30

22

22

20
10

Satisfied

Not Satisfied

Neutral

Interpretation:From the above table it is clear that,


76 percent were satisfied with food facility, and 22 percent were not satisfied
and 2 percent were neutral.

98 percent were satisfied with safe drinking water facility, and 2 percent
were not satisfied.
93 percent were satisfied with urinal and laterals facility, and 7 percent were
not satisfied.
70 percent were satisfied with clean and lightning facilities, and 22 percent
were not satisfied and 8 percent are neutral.

Table No: 4.6


Title: - Employees Opinion about Health Hazards Created By Raw
Material.
Sr.No.

Effect Level

Respondents

Percentage

No Adverse Effect
Effect Adversely

1
2
3

Total

143
07
150

95
05
100

Table No: 4.6


Title: - Employees Opinion about Health Hazards Created By Raw
Material.

100
90
80
70
60

95

50
40
30
20

10
0

No Adverse Effect

Effect Adversely
Column1

Interpretation:From the above table it is clear that, majority of respondent (95 percent) of
the employees feel there were no adverse effect due to sugarcane dust particles in
their breathing and health, and 5 percent of the employees were facing breathing
and health problems.

Table No: 4.7


Title: - Awareness of the employees about Personal Protective
Equipments.

Sr.No.
1
2
3

Awareness of
Equipments
Aware
Unaware
Neutral

Respondents

Percentage

141

94
05
01

07
02

Graph No: 4.7


Title: - Awareness of the employees about Personal Protective
Equipments.

Percentage
Neutral; 7%
Unaware; 11%

Aware; 82%

Interpretation:
From the above table it is seen that, majority of respondents, (82 percent)
were aware about the safety equipments facilities, followed by 11 percent
respondents were not aware and 7 percent of the respondents were neutral about
protective equipments.

Table No: 4.8


Title: - Opinion of Employees about Effect of Noise Pollution.

Sr.No.

Effect Level
No Effect
Affects
Total

1
2
3

Respondents
138
12
150

Percentage
92
8

100

Graph No: 4.8


Title: - Opinion of Employees about Effect of Noise Pollution.

100
90
80
70
60
92

50
40
30
20
10

0
No Efeect

Affects
Effect of Noise

Interpretation:From the above table it is clear that, majority of respondents (92 percent)
were not facing any problem because of machine noise and 8percent of the
employees felt the have sometime noise problem about ear.

CHAPTER-V
SUMMARY AND
CONCLUSION

5.1 SUMMARY OF THE STUDY


The present study focuses on the A study on health and safety facilities

provided in S.M.Shankarrao Mohite-Patil Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana


Ltd; Shankarnagar-Akluj was selected for summer project work. Factory has
got different types of awards and achievements in different areas such as
development, safety, best sale etc. Factory is also arranging different events such as
blood donation camp, community marriages etc. To provide the education facilities
for the kids of sugarcane harvesting and transportation labours, factory conducts
the Sakhar Shala at site.
The survey method was used for data collection. A questionnaire relating to
the study was prepared. Out of 890 employees 150 sample size was decided by
researcher. After the analysis of data it come to know that, the mill was providing
different types of facilities such as first aid box, clinic facility. In the factory some
employees were not satisfied with food and cleanliness, but most of employees are
satisfied with facilities provided by factory.

5.2 FINDINGS:-

The study was conducted in S.M. Shankarrao Mohite-Patil Sahakari Sakhar


Karkhana Ltd; Shankarnagar-Akluj. Of the 890 population size, 150 respondents
were taken in to consideration.
Of the 150 respondents, it was observed that (36 percent) were in age
group 18 to 25, followed by 35 percent in age group 46 onwards, 18
percent respondent were in age 36 to 45 and 11 percent employees
were having age 26 to 35 years.
When one talks of education qualification and experience of
respondents it was observed that,
No single respondent was illiterate or uneducated.
Out of 150 respondents, it is observed that 74 respondents were educated 6th
to 12th and were with company more than 10 years.
It is observed that 34 respondents were educated 6th to 12th and were with
company from 0 to 3 years.
It is observed that 13 respondents were educated 6th to 12th and were with
company from 3 to 5 years.
It is observed that 11 respondents were educated 12th onwards were with
company from 0 to 3 years.
It is observed that 5 respondents were educated 5th to 12th and were with
company from 5 to 10 years.
From the table it is found that 3 each respondent were educated 12th onwards
and with company from 3 to 5 and 5 to 10 years respectively.
From the table it is found that 2 each respondent were educated 1st to 5th and
were with the company from 5 to 10 and more than 10 years.

From the above table it is clear that, 71 percent of employees


are married and 27 percent of the employees are bachelor.

When one talks of medical facility S.M. Shankarrao MohitePatil Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd; Shankarnagar-Akluj. it is
observed that,
59 percent respondents were not used First Aid Box Facility.
40 percent respondents were satisfied with First Aid Box Facility.
43 percent respondents were never used Health check-up Facility.
41 percent respondents were satisfied with Health check-up Facility.
When one talks of Hygiene facility S.M. Shankarrao MohitePatil Sahakari Sakhar Karkhana Ltd; Shankarnagar-Akluj. it is
observed that,
76 percent were satisfied with food facility, and 22 percent were not satisfied
and 2 percent were neutral.
98 percent were satisfied with safe drinking water facility, and 2 percent
were not satisfied.
93 percent were satisfied with urinal and laterals facility, and 7 percent were
not satisfied.
70 percent were satisfied with clean and lightning facilities, and 22 percent
were not satisfied and 8 percent are neutral.
From the above table it is clear that, majority of respondent
(95 percent) of the employees feel there were no adverse
effect due to sugarcane dust particles in their breathing and
health, and 5 percent of the employees were facing breathing
and health problems.

From the above table it is seen that, majority of respondents,


(82 percent) were aware about the safety equipments
facilities, followed by 11 percent respondents were not aware
and 7 percent of the respondents were neutral about protective

equipments facility, which means these employees are new to


the organization or were ignorant of the fact that they requires
safety equipments for their safety.
From the above table it is clear that, majority of respondents
(92 percent) were not facing any problem because of machine
noise.

5.3 CONCLUSIONS

Health and safety are important pillars of manpower, and affects directly and
indirectly on productivity. Management is cooperative towards the workers.
Because of health and safety programs in the organization employees feel secure
themselves. Security is the thing, presences of which in organization employees
feel at home, at work place. The achievement of a health and safe place of work
and elimination to the maximum extent possible of hazards to health and safety are
the responsibility of everyone employed in an organization, as well as those
working there under contract.
Because of health and safety, employees feel safe and secure at the work
place. In this organization provision of medical, hygienic and equipment facilities
are very good and are maintained on regular basis in the organization.