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LEGALFORMSINCIVILCASES

CamilleCobankiat
AnaMascenon
SheilaSantos
RonaldoSioco
AprilSoller


LEGALFORMSINCIVILCASES:

I.
BASICPRINCIPLESOFPLEADING

a. Conceptanddefinitionofpleadings

Pleadings are the written statements of the respective claims and defenses of the parties submitted to the court for
appropriatejudgment.(Section1,Rule6,RevisedRulesofCourt)
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Pleadingscontainthestatementoffactswhichconstitutethecauseofactionordefenseoftheparties. Pleadingsserveto
notify the adverse party and the court of the issues intended to be raised and matters to be submitted, which will form the
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foundationofproofatthetrial.
The claims of a party are asserted in a complaint, counterclaim, crossclaim, third (fourth, etc.)party complaint, or
complaintinintervention.(Section2,Rule6,RevisedRulesofCourt)Ontheotherhand,thedefensesofapartyareallegedinthe
answertothepleadingassertingaclaimagainsthim.(Section2,Rule6,RevisedRulesofCourt)

b. SystemofpleadingsinthePhilippines

CodePleadingisthesystemofpleadingsfollowedinthisjurisdiction.ItisthesamesystemusedintheStatesoftheUnion
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thathadadoptedcodesofprocedure.

c. Pleadingsmustbesufficientinformandinsubstance

The test of sufficiency of a complaint is whether a competent court could render valid judgment upon the facts alleged
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thereinonceadmittedorproved.
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A defect in form occurs when these facts are not stated in the manner required by law. A formal or technical defect,
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however,isnotafataldefect;itwillnotaffectthevalidityofapleading.
Adefectinsubstanceoccurswhenthestatementoffactsfailtoconstituteaprimafaciecauseofaction,oraprimafacie
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defense.

d. Constructionofpleadings

Asageneralrule,pleadingsareliberallyconstruedinordertomeettheendsofjusticeandavoidlegaltechnicalitiesthat
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prejudice the rights of the parties. Law and jurisprudence, however, provide for certain exceptions such as when a pleading is
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obviously vague and uncertain or indefinite for the court to understand what the pleader is complaining about ; when there are
statementsormattersinapleadingwhichareredundant,immaterial,impertinent,orscandalous(Section12,Rule9,RevisedRules
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ofCourt);whenapleadingisresortedtobyapartyforthepurposeofdelayingtheproceedings ;when,onthebasisofinadequate
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allegations, it appears that the pleader is suppressing facts material to the disposition of the case ; when a pleading contains
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allegations which are ambiguous and evasive apparently to confuse the plaintiff ; and when scandalous or indecent matters are
inserted in the pleadings, the same may be stricken out either at the courts initiative or upon motion of the opposing counsel
(Section12,Rule9,RevisedRulesofCourt).

e. PreparationofPleadings

A lawyer should prepare his pleading with great care and extensive study for it articulates his ideas as an officer of the
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court,mirrorshispersonality,andreflectshisconductandattitudetowardthecourt,theopposingpartyandhiscounsel.
Toprepareagoodpleadingrequirestheknowledgeofbothsubstantiverequirementsandproceduralrequirements.Ithas
beenheldthatfailuretofollowbasiccommandsembodiedinthelawandtheRulesofCourtconstitutesgrossignoranceofthelaw,
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fromwhichnooneisexcused.
1

RolandoA.Suarez,LegalForms167(2007).
Id.,pp.167168.
Id.,citingMarquezv.Varela,G.R.No.L4845,December24,1982.
4
Id.,p.169.
5
Id.,p.168.
6
Id.
7
Id.,p.169.
8
Id.
9
Id.p.170,citingGoOccoandCo.v.DeLaCosta,63Phil.445.
10
Id,p.168citingNationalwaterworksandSewerageAuthorityv.NWSAConsolidatedUnion,28SCRA.
11
Id.citingOrbitTransCo.v.WorkmensCompensationCommission,etal.,58SCRA78
12
Id.,p.170citingSyQuia,et.al.v.Marsana,et.al.,22SCRA926.
13
Id.,p.7.
14
RubenE.Agpalo,LegalForms:PracticalExercisesinPleadingConveyancing8(2006)citingGuillenv.Canon,373SCRA70(2002).
2
3


II.

REQUIREMENTSBEFOREFILING
Beforeacomplaintorinitiatorypleadingcanbefiledincourt,thelawyermustdetermine,firstly,inwhatcourtshoulditbe
filed,whichinvolvesthequestionofjurisdictionofthecourt;secondly,whereitshouldbefiled,whichisaquestionofvenue;and
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thirdly,howmuchshouldbethefilingfees,thepaymentofwhichisrequiredtoenablethecourttoacquirejurisdictionofthecase.
a. Jurisdictionknowledgeofwhichcourthasjurisdictionwilldeterminewhereproceedingsshouldbeinitiated.
I.
JurisdictionofMTC
II.
JurisdictionofRTC
III.
JurisdictionofCAandSC

(Forthejurisdictionofthefollowingtribunals,pleaserefertoB.P.129)

b. Venuereferstotheplacewheretheactionistriable,whetherrealorpersonal.
I.
Venueforrealactions.Actionsaffectingtitletoorpossessionofrealproperty,orinteresttherein,
shallbecommencedandtriedinthepropercourtwhichhasjurisdictionovertheareawhereinthe
realpropertyinvolved,oraportionthereof,issituated.

ForcibleentryanddetaineractionsshallbecommencedandtriedintheMunicipalTrialCourtofthe
municipalityorcitywhereintherealpropertyinvolved,oraportionthereof,issituated.(Section1,
Rules4,RevisedRulesofCourt)

II.
Venueforpersonalactions.Allotheractionsmaybecommencedandtriedwheretheplaintiffor
anyoftheprincipalplaintiffsresides,orwherethedefendantoranyoftheprincipaldefendants
resides,orinthecaseofanonresidentdefendantwherehemaybefound,attheelectionofthe
plaintiff.(Section2,Rule4,RevisedRulesofCourt)

III.
Venueofactionsagainstnonresidents.Ifanyofthedefendantsdoesnotresideandisnotfound
inthePhilippines,andtheactionaffectsthepersonalstatusoftheplaintiff,oranypropertyofsaid
defendantlocatedinthePhilippines,theactionmaybecommencedandtriedinthecourtofthe
placewheretheplaintiffresides,orwherethepropertyoranyportionthereofissituatedorfound.
(Section3,Rule4,RevisedRulesofCourt)

IV.
WhenRulenotapplicable.ThisRuleshallnotapply
(a) Inthosecaseswhereaspecificruleorlawprovidesotherwise;or
(b) Wherethepartieshavevalidlyagreedinwritingbeforethefilingoftheactiononthe
exclusivevenuethereof.(Section4,Rule4,RevisedRulesofCourt)

c. Paymentoffilingandotherfees

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Acivilactioniscommencedbythefilingoftheoriginalcomplaintincourtandpaymentofthefilingordocketfees. Ifan
additionaldefendantisimpleadedinalaterpleading,theactioniscommencedwithregardtohimonthedateofthefilingofsuch
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laterpleading,irrespectiveofwhetherthemotionforitsadmission,ifnecessary,isdeniedbythecourt.
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Therequireddocketorfilingfeesareassessedontheamountsclaimed,exceptincidentaldamages. Forthispurpose,the
plaintiff,oracounterclaimant,orathirdpartyclaimantisrequiredtoallegeinthebodyofthecomplaintorinitiatorypleadingthe
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amountsbeingclaimed,aswellasintheprayer,sothattheproperfilingfeescanbeassessedbasedthereon.
Filingfeesforactionsarerequiredtobepaiduponthefilingofthecomplaint,thedeterminationofwhichdependwhether
the action is for a sum of money and/or recovery of property, which can be pecuniarily estimated, or the claim is incapable of
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pecuniaryestimation.

(Foramountoflegalfees,pleaserefertoRule141oftheRevisedRulesofCourt)

III.
FORMALPARTSOFAPLEADING

a. CaptionsandTitles
15

Id.,p.9
Id.,p.17.
Section5,Rule1,RevisedRulesofCourt.
18
Agpalo,p.17citingPhil.PryceCorp.v.CA,230SCRA164(1994).
19
Id.
20
Id.p.18
16
17

Thecaptionsetsforththenameofthecourt,thetitleoftheaction,andthedocketnumberifassigned.

Thetitleoftheactionindicatesthenamesoftheparties.Theyshallallbenamedintheoriginalcomplaintof
petition;butinsubsequentpleadings,itshallbesufficientifthenameofthefirstpartyoneachsidebestated
withanappropriateindicationwhenwhereareotherparties.

Theirrespectiveparticipationinthecaseshallbeindicated.(Section1,Rule7,RevisedRulesofCourt)

FORMNo.1.CaptionofCivilActionfallingwithinjurisdictionofMunicipalTrialCourt

Republic of the Philippines


MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURT
Mamburao, Occ. Mindoro
____________________,
Plaintiff,
-versus-

Civil Case No._______________


For _______________________

______________________,
Defendant.
x------------------x

FORMNo.2CaptionofCivilActionfallingwithinjurisdictionofRegionalTrialCourt

Republic of the Philippines


National Capital Judicial Region
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Branch 1, Manila
____________________,
Plaintiff,
-versus-

Civil Case No._______________


For _______________________

______________________,
Defendant.
x------------------x

b.

Body(Section2,Rule7,RevisedRulesofCourt)
Thebodyofthepleadingsetsforthitsdesignation,theallegationsofthepartysclaimsordefenses,therelief
prayedfor,andthedateofthepleading.

I.
Paragraphs(Jurisdictionalallegations)Theallegationsinthebodyofapleadingshallbedivided
intoparagraphssonumberedastobereadilyidentified,eachofwhichshallcontainastatementof
asinglesetofcircumstancessofarasthatcanbedonewithconvenience.Aparagraphmaybe
referredtobyitsnumberinallsucceedingpleadings.

II.
HeadingsWhentwoormorecausesofactionarejoined,thestatementofthefirstshallbe
prefacedbythewordsfirstcauseofaction,ofthesecondbysecondcauseofaction,andsoon
fortheothers.

Whenoneormoreparagraphsintheanswerareaddressedtooneofseveralcausesofactioninthe
complaint,theyshallbeprefacedbythewordsanswertothefirstcauseofactionoranswertothe
secondcauseofactionandsoon;andwhenoneormoreparagraphsoftheanswerareaddressedto
severalcausesofaction,theyshallbeprefacedbywordstothateffect.


III.

ReliefThepleadingshallspecifythereliefsought,butitmayaddageneralprayerforsuchfurther
orotherreliefasmaybedeemedjustorequitable.
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Itisnotpartofthecauseofaction.
Aprayerforreliefisnotindispensablyornecessarilyconclusiveofthesufficiencyofthe
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complaintoroftherighttorelief.
Aslongastheplaintiffdeservesarelief,thecourtwillgranthimsuchrelieftowhichheis
entitledunderthefactsasproven,althoughthereliefprayedformayormaynotbe
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proper.

FORMNo.3Prayer

PRAYER
WHEREFORE it is respectfully prayed, after notice and hearing, that the defendant be ordered to pay the plaintiff the
amount of One Million Pesos (Php.1,000,000) for actual and compensatory damages, Fifty Thousand Pesos (Php.50,000) for moral
damages, Fifty Thousand Pesos (Php.50,000) for exemplary damages, and Fifty Thousand Pesos (Php.50,000) for attorneys fees.
Other just and equitable reliefs are also prayed for.

IV.

DateEverypleadingshallbedated.

c.

Signatureandaddress
Everypleadingmustbesignedbythepartyorcounselrepresentinghim,statingineithercasehisaddresswhich
shouldnotbeapostofficebox.

Thesignatureofcounselconstitutesacertificatebyhimthathehasreadthepleading;thattothebestofhis
knowledge,information,andbeliefthereisgoodgroundtosupportit;andthatitisnotinterposedfordelay.

Anunsignedpleadingproducesnolegaleffect.However,thecourtmay,initsdiscretion,allowsuchdeficiencyto
beremediedifitshallappearthatthesamewasduetomereinadvertenceandnotintendedfordelay.Counsel
whodeliberatelyfilesanunsignedpleading,orsignsapleadinginviolationofthisRule,orallegesscandalousor
indecentmattertherein,orfailstopromptlyreporttothecourtachangeofhisaddressshallbesubjectto
appropriatedisciplinaryaction.(Section3,Rule7,RevisedRulesofCourt)

I.
Theaddressofthelawyermustbeindicatedbecausenoticesandpleadingsoftheopposing
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counselareservedtohim,nottohisclient.

Rollnumber,IBPreceiptnumber,PTRnumberApartfromwhatSec.3ofRule7requires,thereare
otherindispensablerequirementswhichshouldbeshownunderthesignatureofthecounsel.
TheSupremeCourt,intheresolutiondatedApril1,2003,required
AlllawyerstoindicatetheirRollofAttorneysNumberinallpapersorpleadingssubmittedto
the various judicial and quasijudicial bodies in addition to the requirement of indicating the
ProfessionalTaxReceipt(PTR)andtheIBPOfficialReceiptorLifeMemberNumber.
Allpleadings,motionsandpapersfiledincourt,whetherpersonallyorbymail,whichdonot
bearthecounselsRollofAttorneysNumberashereinrequiredmaynotbeacteduponbythe
court,withoutprejudicetowhateverdisciplinaryactionthecourtmaytakeagainsttheerring
counsel who shall likewise be required to comply with the requirement within five (5) days
fromnotice.Failuretocomplywithsuchrequirementshallbeagroundforfurtherdisciplinary
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sanctionforcontemptofcourt.

21

Suarez,p.171.
Id.
Id.citingGuidottev.Yeung,CACRNo.6268,July10,1951.
24
Id.
25
SCEnBancResolutioninBarMatterNo.1132,datedApril1,2003.
22
23

TheRollNo.intheRollofAttorneyskeptintheSupremeCourtmustbeindicated,thepurposeofwhichis
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toassurethatthelawyersigningthepleadingisalawyer.

TheindicationofthecurrentIBPReceiptNo.isintendedtoshowthelawyerscompliancewiththe
provisionofSection10ofRule139thatdefaultinthepaymentofannualduesforsixmonthsshall
warrantsuspensionofmembersintheIntegratedBar,anddefaultinsuchpaymentforoneyearshallbea
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groundforremovalofthenameofthedelinquentmemberfromtheRollofAttorneys.

FORMNo.4Place,date,signature,address,Rollnumber,IBPreceiptnumber,PTRnumber

City of Manila, 15 December 2012.


Atty. Ana Graciella S. Mascenon
Counsel for the Defendant
2 The Firm, Ayala Avenue,
Makati City, Metro Manila
Roll No.
IBP OR No., date and place of issue
PTR OR No., date and place of issue

d. Serviceofpleadingsandmotions
Counselforapartyisrequiredtoservetheadversepartythruhiscounselcopiesofpleadingssubsequenttoacomplaint
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beforefilingsuchincourt.

I.
Serviceofpleadingsbypersonalserviceorindefaultthereof,byregisteredmail

Prioritiesinmodesofserviceandfiling.Wheneverpracticable,theserviceandfilingofpleadingsand
otherpapersshallbedonepersonally.Exceptwithrespecttopapersemanatingfromthecourt,aresort
toothermodesmustbeaccompaniedbyawrittenexplanationwhytheserviceorfilingwasnotdone
personally.AviolationofthisRulemaybecausetoconsiderthepaperasnotfiled.(Section11,Rule13,
RevisedRulesofCourt)

ProofofService

ProofofService.Proofofpersonalserviceshallconsistofawrittenadmissionofthepartyserved,or
theofficialreturnoftheserver,ortheaffidavitofthepartyserving,containingafullstatementofthe
date,placeandmannerofservice.Iftheserviceisbyordinarymail,proofthereofshallconsistofan
affidavitofthepersonmailingoffactsshowingcompliancewithSection7ofthisRule.Ifserviceismade
byregisteredmail,proofshallbemadebysuchaffidavitandtheregistryreceiptissuedbythemailing
office.Theregistryreturncardshallbefiledimmediatelyuponitsreceiptbythesender,orinlieu
thereoftheunclaimedlettertogetherwiththecertifiedorsworncopyofthenoticegivenbythe
postmastertotheaddressee.(Section13,Rule13,RevisedRulesofCourt)

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Failuretocomplywiththeproofofserviceisasufficientgroundtodismissthepetition.

FORMNo.5ProofofPersonalService

Copy furnished through personal service:


Atty. Ana Graciella S. Mascenon
Counsel for the Defendant
2 The Firm
Ayala Avenue, Makati City

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Id.p.53
SCCircularNo.10,July14,1985.
Agpalo,p.54.
29
Id.p.56citingRosariov.PhilDepositIns.Corp.,425SCRA608(2004).
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28

FORMNo.6Proofofservicebyregisteredmail(withExplanationforfailuretoservepersonally)

Copy furnished through registered mail:


Atty. Ana Graciella S. Mascenon
Counsel for the Defendant
2 The Firm
Ayala Avenue, Makati City
Registry Receipt No. ________
Post Office ________________
Date _____________________
EXPLANATION
The foregoing (designation of pleading, motion, etc.) and its attachment were served on Atty. Ana Graciella S. Mascenon
by registered mail instead of personal service as counsel for petitioner only has one messenger and personal service would have
resulted in the motion not being filed on time to the detriment of petitioner.
(Sgd.) ATTICUS FINCH
Republic of the Philippines )
City of _______________ ) s.s.
AFFIDAVIT
I, HARPER LEE, a messenger of Atty. Atticus Finch, with office address at __________________, after being duly sworn,
deposes and states:
That on ______________________, I served a copy of the following pleadings/papers by registered mail in accordance
with Section 10, Rule 13 of the Rules of Court:
Nature of Pleading/Paper
________________________
in Case No. _________________ entitled ____________________ by depositing a copy in the post office in a sealed envelope,
plainly addressed to (name of party or his/her attorney) at _______________ with postage fully paid, as evidenced by Registry
Receipt No. _____________________ attached and with instructions to the post master to return the mail to sender after ten (10)
days if undelivered.
TO THE TRUTH OF THE FOREGOING, I have signed this Affidavit on 13 April 2007, in the City of Manila, Philippines.
(Sgd.) HARPER LEE
Affiant

e. NoticeofHearing
Incaseswherepetitionsormotionsarerequiredtobesetforhearing,anoticeofhearingmustbeaddressedtothecounsel
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oftheadversepartyandnottotheclerkofcourt. Theruleonnoticeofhearingappliesonlytotrialcourts,suchastheMTCandthe
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RTC,andnottotheCourtofAppealsortheSupremeCourt.

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31

Id.p.58.
Id.,citingLimSev.Argel,70SCRA378(1976).


FORMNo.7RequestforandNoticeofHearing

REQUEST FOR & NOTICE OF HEARING


THE BRANCH CLERK OF COURT
Metropolitan Trial Court
Quezon City, Branch 39
Please submit the foregoing Motion to the Court for its consideration and approval immediately upon
receipt hereof and kindly include the same in the courts calendar for hearing on Friday, 13 April 2007 at 8:30 in
the morning.
ATTICUS FINCH
1 MockingBird Street
Timog Avenue, Quezon City
Please take notice that counsel has requested to be heard on Friday, 14 December 2012 at 8:30 in the
morning.
(Sgd.) ANA GRACIELLA S. MASCENON
Counsel for Defendant
2 The Firm
Ayala Ave, Makati City

f. Jurat
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Apleadingoraffidavitismadeunderoathbytheinterventionofanotarypublic,whichisknownasjurat.
The Jurat accompanies any notarized document that is declaratory in nature, as opposed to a notarized document that
transmitsrightsorproperty,whichmustbeaccompaniedbyanAcknowledgment.
Juratreferstoanactwhichanindividualonasingleoccasion:
1. appearsinpersonbeforethenotarypublicandpresentsaninstrumentordocument;
2. ispersonallyknowntothenotarypublicoridentifiedbythenotarypublicthroughcompetent
evidenceofidentityasdefinedbytheseRules;
3. signstheinstrumentordocumentinthepresenceofthenotary;and
4. takesanoathoraffirmationbeforethenotarypublicastosuchinstrumentordocument.(Section6,
RuleII,2004RulesonNotarialPractice)

FORMNo.8Jurat

SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN TO before me in the City of _______________ on this day of _________________, affiant
exhibiting before me his community tax certificate no. _______________ issued on __________________ at
_____________________.
(Sgd.) NOTARIO
Notary Public
Until __________________
PTR No. _______________
Issued at ______________
On ___________________
Doc. No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of 2012

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Id.p.59.


FORMNo.9Acknowledgment

Republic of the Philippines )


City of Manila

) s.s.

BEFORE ME, this 13th day of April, 2007 in the City of Manila, Philippines, personally appeared ATTICUS FINCH, with [Valid
Identification Document] (Drivers License No. N25-07-007777) issued by the [official agency] (Land Transportation Office) on 10
January 2007, known to me to be the same person who executed the foregoing instrument, and who acknowledged to me that the
same is his free act and deed.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have set my hand and affixed my Notarial seal on the day, year and place written.
(Sgd.) N. O. TARIO
Notary Public
Until __________________
PTR No. _______________
Issued at ______________
On ___________________
Doc. No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of 2007
NOTE: If the instrument consists of 2 or more pages, include the following after the 1st paragraph:
This instrument, consisting of ___ pages, including the page on which this acknowledgment is written, has been signed on
the left margin of each and every page thereof by ___________ and his witnesses (if any), and sealed with my Notarial Seal.

g.

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34

Suarez,p.172.
Id.

Verification
Exceptwhenotherwisespecificallyrequiredbylaworrule,pleadingsneednotbeunderoath,verifiedor
accompaniedbyaffidavit.

Apleadingisverifiedbyanaffidavitthattheaffianthasreadthepleadingandthattheallegationsthereinare
trueandcorrectofhispersonalknowledgeorbasedonauthenticrecords.

Apleadingrequiredtobeverifiedwhichcontainsverificationbasedoninformationandbelieforupon
knowledge,informationandbelief,orlacksaproperverification,shallbetreatedasanunsignedpleading.
(Section4,Rule7,RevisedRulesofCourt)

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I.
Verificationisnotpartofthepleadinganddoesnotvestjurisdictioninthecourts.
II.
Whomayverifyapleading?Verificationmaybemadebytheparty,hisrepresentative,lawyeror
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anypersonwhopersonallyknowsthetruthofthefactsallegedinthepleadings.
III.
Whatpleadingsarerequiredtobeverified?
1. AllpleadingsundertheRulesofSummaryProcedure
2. Complaintsfor
(a) Forcibleentry
(b) Unlawfuldetainer
(c) Replevin
3. Complaintswithapplicationforinjunctionorattachment
4. Answertocomplaintorcounterclaimbasedonactionabledocuments
5. Petitionsfor
(a) Certiorari
(b) Prohibition
(c) Mandamus
(d) HabeasCorpus
(e) ChangeofName


FORMNo.10Verification

VERIFICATION
Republic of the Philippines )
City of _______________ ) s.s.
C.K. Hilfiger, after having been duly sworn in accordance with law, deposes and states that:
1. He is the plaintiff in the pleading/document entitled (pleading/document being verified)
2. He has caused its preparation
3. He has read it and the allegations therein are true and correct of his own knowledge or based on authentic
records.
(Sgd.) C.K. HILFIGER
PLUS: Jurat

h.

CertificateAgainstForumShopping
Theplaintifforprincipalpartyshallcertifyunderoathinthecomplaintorotherinitiatorypleadingassertinga
claimforrelief,orinasworncertificationannexedtheretoandsimultaneouslyfiledtherewith:
(a) thathehasnottheretoforecommencedanyactionorfiledanyclaiminvolvingthesameissuesinany
court,tribunalorquasijudicialagency,andtothebestofhisknowledge,nosuchotheractionor
claimsispendingtherein;
(b) ifthereissuchotherpendingactionorclaim,acompletestatementofthepresentstatuesthereof;
and
(c) ifheshouldthereafterlearnthatthesameorsimilaractionorclaimhasbeenfiledorispending,he
shallreportthatfactwithinfive(5)daystherefromtothecourtwhereinhisaforesaidcomplaintor
initiatorypleadinghasbeenfiled.

Failuretocomplywiththeforegoingrequirementsshallnotbecurablebymereamendmentofthecomplaintor
otherinitiatorypleadingbutshallbecauseforthedismissalofthecasewithoutprejudice,unlessotherwise
provided,uponmotionandafterhearing.Thesubmissionofafalsecertificationornoncompliancewithanyof
theundertakingsthereinshallconstituteindirectcontemptofcourt,withoutprejudicetothecorresponding
administrativeandcriminalactions.Iftheactsofthepartyorhiscounselclearlyconstitutewillfulanddeliberate
forumshopping,thesameshallbegroundforsummarydismissalwithprejudiceandshallconstitutedirect
contempt,aswellasacauseforadministrativesanctions.(Section5,Rule7,RevisedRulesofCourt)

FORMNo.11CertificationagainstForumShopping
CERTIFICATION AGAINST FORUM SHOPPING
Republic of the Philippines )
City of _______________ ) s.s.
C.K. Hilfiger, after having been duly sworn in accordance with law deposes and states that:
1. He is the plaintiff in the case entitled (title of the case);
2. He certifies that he has not commenced any action or filed any claim involving the same issues before any other
court, tribunal or quasi-judicial agency;
3. To the best of his knowledge, there is no such pending action or claim;
4. If he should learn that a similar action or claim has been filed or is pending he shall report such fact within five
(5) days from the discovery to this Honorable Court.
(Sgd.) C.K. HILFIGER
PLUS: Jurat

FORMNo.12CombinedVerificationandCertificationagainstForumShopping

VERIFICATION & CERTIFICATION AGAINST FORUM SHOPPING


I, C.K. Hilfiger, of legal age, do hereby state that: I am the Chief Executive Office of Alis Di-yan Company and in such
capacity, caused this Complaint to be prepared; I have read its contents and affirm that they are true and correct to the best of my
own personal knowledge; I hereby certify that there is no other case commenced or pending before any court involving the same
parties and the same issue and that, should I learn of such a case, I shall notify the court within five (5) days from my notice.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have signed this instrument on _____________.
(Sgd.) C.K. HILFIGER
PLUS: Jurat

FORMNo.13Specialpowerofattorneyauthorizingoneofcopartiestoexecuteverificationandforumshoppingcertification.

SPECIAL POWER OF ATTORNEY


WHEREAS, the plaintiffs in the case entitled ___________, Civil Case No. ___ RTC, _____ are the following:
(Copy names of plaintiffs)
WHEREAS, _________, one of the plaintiffs, has been knowledgeable of the case which plaintiffs filed in said entitled case.
NOW, THEREFORE, the undersigned other plaintiffs in said case have appointed and constituted _______, above-named,
as their attorney-in-fact to act in their place and stead to execute and sign the verification and certification against forum-shopping
of the complaint in said Civil Case No. ______.
HEREBY Confirming and ratifying the execution and signing by said attorney-in-fact of said verification and certification
against forum-shopping of said complaint in Civil Case No._______, to the same extent and with the same force and effect as if
the undersigned are present and executing or signing the same in person.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned have affixed their signatures this ____day of _____, 20__ at ________.
___________
_____________
____________
Plaintiff
Plaintiff
Plaintiff
Republic of the Philippines
___________________}s.s
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
BEFORE ME, a notary public in and for __________, personally appeared the following persons, this _____day of ______,
20___, with their respective CTC Nos., as follows:
_______________, CTC No. __________, issued on ___________ at ___________
_______________, CTC No. __________, issued on ___________ at ___________
_______________, CTC No. __________, issued on ___________ at ___________
who presented to me a document known as Special Power of Attorney, who are known to me personally (or identified by me
through evidence of identity, See Sec. 12, Rule II, Notarial Rule), and who signed the same in my presence and who acknowledged
to me that the same is their free and voluntary act and deed.
WITNESS MY HAND and SEAL this ____ day of ______ at ________.
NOTARY PUBLIC
Until Dec. 31, 20___
Doc No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of 20__.

FORMNo.14Specialpowerofattorneyauthorizingcounseltosignverificationandcertificationagainstforumshopping.
SPECIAL POWER OF ATTORNEY
WHEREAS, I, __________, of legal age and with residence at __________, Philippines, am the plaintiff/petitioner in the
case entitled ___________, Civil Case No. ____________, RTC, ________.
WHEREAS, I am to leave for abroad for an important assignment and will not be present when the complaint/petition is to
be filed, for which reason I am appointing my counsel, Atty. ________ to execute and sign the verification and certification against
forum-shopping.
WHEREAS, I have not theretofore commenced any action or filed any claim involving the same issues in any court,
tribunal, or quasi-judicial agency and, to the best of my knowledge, no such other action or claim is pending therein.
NOW, THEREFORE, I _________, have appointed and constituted Atty.___________, my counsel in the above-named
case, as my attorney-in-fact to act in my name, place and stead to execute and sign the verification and certification against forumshopping of the complaint in the above-entitled case.
My said attorney-in-fact, by his conformity hereto, has agreed to execute said verification and certification against forumshopping, and he states that he has personal knowledge of the fact involving said case and knows that his principal, _________
has not commenced any claim or petition involving the same issues in any court, tribunal or quasi-judicial agency and, to be best of
his knowledge, no such other action or claim is pending therein.
HEREBY Confirming and ratifying the execution and signing by said attorney-in-fact of said verification and certification
against forum-shopping of said complaint in Civil Case No. _____, or in any case or petition arising from said case, to the same
extent and with the same force and effect as if the undersigned is present and executing or signing the same in person.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, the undersigned has affixed his signature this _____ day of _______, 20__, at ___________.
_______________
Plaintiff/Petitioner
WITH MY CONFORMITY:
____________________
(Attorney-in-fact)
Republic of the Philippines
___________________}s.s
PLUS: Acknowlegement

IV.
MANNEROFMAKINGALLEGATIONSINPLEADINGS
a. Lawyerslanguage

In terms of the language lawyers should employ, he shall abstain from scandalous, offensive, or menacing language or
behaviorbeforethecourts.(Section11.03,CodeofProfessionalResponsibility)Whileheshouldabstainfromusingsuchlanguage,he
35
should be courageous enough to point out errors, arbitrariness and injustice of the courts and judges. The fear of provoking
displeasure of the offended judges must not deter him from complying with this duty to object to illegal or erroneous judicial
36
decisions,rulings,actsorconduct.

b. Contentsofapleading

Everypleadingshallcontaininamethodicalandlogicalform,aplain,conciseanddirectstatementofthe
ultimatefactsonwhichthepartypleadingreliesforhisclaimordefense,asthecasemaybe,omittingthe
statementofmereevidentiaryfacts.

35
36

Agpalo,p.5.
Id.citingInRePilar,104Phil.743

Ifadefensereliedonisbasedonlaw,thepertinentprovisionsthereofandtheirapplicabilitytohimshallbe
clearlyandconciselystated.(Section1,Rule8,RevisedRulesofCourt)

c.

Mattersthatneednotbeallegedinthepleading
Thefollowingneednotbealleged:
1. Detailsofprobativematterorparticularsofevidence;
2. Statementsoflaw,inferencesandarguments;
3. Conclusivenessoflaw;
4. Factsofwhichareofjudicialcognizance;and
37
5. Presumptionsoflaw

d.

Alternativecausesofactionordefenses

Apartymaysetforthtwoormorestatementsofaclaimordefensealternativelyorhypothetically,eitherinone
causeofactionordefenseorinseparatecausesofactionordefenses.Whentwoormorestatementsaremade
inthealternativeandoneofthemifmadeindependentlywouldbesufficient,thepleadingisnotmade
insufficientbytheinsufficiencyofoneormoreofthealternativestatements.(Section2,Rule8,RevisedRulesof
Court)

e.

GeneralAverment

f.

Inanypleadingageneralavermentoftheperformanceoroccurrenceofallconditionsprecedentshallbe
sufficient.(Section3,Rule8,RevisedRulesofCourt)

Capacity

g.

Factsshowingthecapacityofapartytosueorbesuedortheauthorityofapartytosueorbesuedina
representativecapacityorthelegalexistenceofanorganizedassociationofpersonsthatismadeaparty,must
beaverred.Apartydesiringtoraiseanissueastothelegalexistenceofanypartyorthecapacityofanypartyto
sueorbesuedinarepresentativecapacity,shalldosobyspecificdenial,whichshallincludesuchsupporting
particularsasarepeculiarlywithinthepleadersknowledge.(Section4,Rule8,RevisedRulesofCourt)

Fraud,mistake,conditionofthemind

Inallavermentsoffraudormistake,thecircumstancesconstitutingfraudormistakemustbestatedwith
particularity.Malice,intent,knowledgeorotherconditionofthemindofapersonmaybeaverredgenerally.
(Section5,Rule8,RevisedRulesofCourt)

V.

PLEADINGSINCIVILCASES
a. Complaint

COMPLAINT(Rule6,Sec.3):Thecomplaintisapleadingallegingtheplaintiffscauseorcausesofaction.Thenamesand
residencesoftheplaintiffanddefendantmustbestatedinthecomplaint.

ThecomplaintmustcontainaconcisestatementoftheULTIMATEFACTSoftheplaintiffscauseofaction,notmattersof
evidencetendingtoestablishthem.

Agoodcomplaintisonewhichstatesacauseofactionandcontaintheessentialelementsthereof,namely:
o Thelegalrightoftheplaintiff
o Thecorrelativeobligationofthedefendant
o Theactoromissionofthedefendantinviolationofsaidright
o Theinjuryordamagecausedtherebytotheplaintiff.

37

Id.p.183

ChecklistofRequirements:Rules6,7and8,1997RulesonCivilProcedure
i.
Caption(Rule7,Sec.1)
ii. PartiesorCapacityofParties(Rule6,Sec.3/Rule8,Sec.4)
Whenplaintiffisacorporation,aSecretarysCertificatemustbeattachedtotheComplaintcontainingthe
resolutionoftheBoardofDirectorsmeetingauthorizingthefilingoftheclaim.
iii. MaterialAllegationsofUltimateFacts(Rule8,Sec.1)
iv. StatementofCausesofAction
v. Prayer/Relief
ItisrequiredthateveryComplaintstateinthebodyaswellasintheprayertheamountofdamagessought.
Thisisjurisdictionalandfailuretostatesuchisfatallydefective.
vi. DateandPlaceofExecution(Rule7,Sec.2(d))
vii. SignatureofCounsel(Rule7,Sec.3)
viii. VerificationandCertificationAgainstForumShopping(Note:Rule7,Sec.4)
Averificationbasedoninformationandbelieforuponknowledge,informationandbeliefisconsidered
DEFECTIVEandthepleadingUNVERIFIED
ix. Jurat

FORMNo.15:SampleFormofaComplaintforEjectmentwithDamages
Regional Trial Court
National Capital Judicial Region
METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT
Branch 33, Quezon City
ALIS DI-YAN COMPANY,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 2222
For : Ejectment

- versus YOKO NGA,


Defendant.
x ----------------------------------- x
COMPLAINT

PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:


1. Plaintiff is a foreign corporation organized and existing under the laws of France with business address at 111 Ocean
Drive, Tuna Compound, Quezon City; Defendant is a Filipino, of legal age, single and currently resident of 112 Ocean
Drive, Tuna Compound, Quezon City, where he may be served with summons and other pertinent processes.
2.

Plaintiff owns that property located at 112 Ocean Drive, Tuna Compound, Quezon City which it leased to defendant under
the terms and conditions stated in the Contract of Lease dated 1 January 1995, which contract expires on 31 December
1996. A copy of the contract is attached as ANNEX A.

3.

Upon expiration of the contract, plaintiff informed defendant of its intention not to renew the lease as it would use the
property for its business expansion; plaintiff then asked defendant to vacate the premises. A copy of plaintiffs letter to
defendant is attached as ANNEX B.

4.

Despite demand duly made and received, defendant has refused to vacate the premises and continues to occupy the
property without plaintiffs consent. Resort to the Barangay conciliation system proved useless as defendant refused to
appear before the Lupong Tagapamayapa. A Certification to File Action is attached as ANNEX C.

5.

Defendants act of dispossession has caused plaintiff to suffer material injury because plaintiffs business expansion plans
could not be implemented despite the arrival of machineries specifically leased for this purpose at the rental rate of
US$500 per month. Defendants continued occupation of the premises has also forced plaintiff to sue and to incur legal
expenses amounting to Fifty Thousand Pesos (PHP50,000.00).

WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays for judgment in its favor by ordering defendant to vacate the property and peacefully
turn over possession to plaintiff and for defendant to pay plaintiff the amount of US$3,500 representing rentals on the machineries for
seven (7) months and Fifty Thousand Pesos (P50,000.00) for Attorneys fees.
Other just and equitable reliefs are also prayed for.
Quezon City; November 28, 2012

(SGD.) ATTICUS FINCH


Counsel for Plaintiff
VERIFICATION & CERTIFICATION AGAINST FORUM SHOPPING
I, C.K. Hilfiger, of legal age, do hereby state that: I am the Chief Executive Office of Alis Di-yan Company and in such capacity, caused
this Complaint to be prepared; I have read its contents and affirm that they are true and correct to the best of my own personal
knowledge; I hereby certify that there is no other case commenced or pending before any court involving the same parties and the
same issue and that, should I learn of such a case, I shall notify the court within five (5) days from my notice.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have signed this instrument on _____________.
(SGD.) C.K. HILFIGER
[SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN TO before me this ___ day of ____________, affiant exhibiting before me his CTC No.
________________ issued on _____________ at ____________________.
(SGD.) N.O. TARIO
Notary Public until December 31, 2002
PTR No. 11112233/1/05/02/QC
Doc. No.
Page No.
Book No.
Series of 1999;]

FORMNo.16:ComplaintforSumofMoney
Republic of the Philippines
Regional Trial Court
National Capital Judicial Region
Branch 101-Makati City
ESTA PADORA,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 000882
For: Sum of Money

- versus MANGGA GANTSO,


Defendant.
x -------------------------- x
COMPLAINT
PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:

1. Plaintiff is a Filipino, of legal age, and resident of 6750 Forbes Park, Makati City; defendant is also a Filipino, of legal age and
resident of 6752, Forbes Park, Makati City, where he may be served with summons and other processes.
2. Sometime in January 1996 and over a period of six (6) months, defendant borrowed certain amounts from plaintiff. Defendant
promised to pay these amounts on an installment basis monthly. These amounts now total Nine Hundred Thousand Pesos
(P900,000.00).
3. Despite repeated demands, both oral and written, defendant failed or has refused to pay any amount to plaintiff as no installment
payment has even been made. A copy each of plaintiffs two (2) demand letters is attached as ANNEX A and B.
4. Resort to the Baranggay Conciliation process proved fruitless as defendant failed to appear, despite notice on him to appear. Thus,
a Certification to File Action, a copy of which is attached as ANNEX C, was issued by the Baranggay Chairman.
5. Defendants obligation is due and demandable and plaintiff is entitled to the payment of the entire amount of Nine Hundred
Thousand Pesos (P900,000.00) plus legal interest.
6. By reason of defendants unreasonable failure or refusal to pay his due and demandable obligation, plaintiff was forced to engage
the services of counsel to vindicate his rights thereby committing himself to pay legal expenses amounting to Fifty Thousand Pesos
(P50,000.00).
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays for judgment in his favor through a Decision directing defendant to pay him NINE HUNDRED

THOUSAND PESOS (P900,000.00), with legal interest, as ACTUAL DAMAGES and FIFTY THOUSAND PESOS (P50,000.00) as Attorneys
Fees.
Other just and equitable reliefs are also prayed for.
Makati City: Novemeber 28, 2012.
(SGD.) ATTICUS FINCH
Counsel for Plaintiff
[Address]
Verification and Certification Against Forum Shopping
Jurat
Proof of Service

FORMNo.17:ComplaintforReplevin
Republic of the Philippines
Regional Trial Court
National Capital Judicial Region
Branch 101-Makati City
HURTS RENT-A-CAR, represented by AKIN NAYAN,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 000088
- versus YOKO NGA,
Defendant.
x----------------------------------- x
COMPLAINT
Plaintiff, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. Plaintiff is the general manager of Hurts Rent-A-Car with offices at Makati City; defendant is a Tongan, temporarily residing at
Bayview Hotel, Roxas Boulevard, Manila.
2. Hurts Rent-A-Car is the registered owner of a Honda CRV with license plate number TUV-675, which defendant, on 3 March 1999,
rented from plaintiff for a period of one (1) week.
3. On 15 March 1999, plaintiff demanded from defendant the return of the car but defendant failed and refused to do so.
4. The car has not been taken for a tax assessment or a fine pursuant to law nor has it been seized on execution or attachment. Its
present value is approximately Nine Hundred Thousand Pesos (P900,000.00).
5. Plaintiff is ready, willing and able to give bond in defendants name in double the value of the property for the return of the
property to defendant should that be adjudgethe payment of such sum that defendant may recover from plaintiff in this action.
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays that the writ of replevin issue directing the Sheriff or any other authorized officer to take
possession of the car and dispose of it in accordance with the Rules of Court and, after hearing, judgment be rendered declaring
plaintiff to be lawfully entitled to the possession of the car and sentencing defendant to pay its value.
Makati City; ________________.
(SGD.) MITCH MCDEERE
Verification and Certification of Non-Forum Shopping
Jurat
Proof of Service


b.

Answer

ANSWER(Rule6,Sec.4):Answerisapleadinginwhichadefendingpartysetsforthhisdefenses.

Therearetwokindsofdefenses:(Rule6,Sec.5)
o NegativeDefense: Anegativedefenseisaspecificdenialofthematerialfactorfactsalleged

inthepleadingoftheclaimantessentialtohiscauseorcausesofaction.

SpecificDenialmaybe:(Rule8,Sec10.)
Positivedenial,whichspecifieseachmaterialallegationoffactthetruthofwhich
hedoesnotadmit,andwheneverpracticable,setsforththesubstanceofthe
mattershereliesupontosupporthisdenial,orifhedeniesonlypartofthe
averment,hespecifiessomuchofitasistruanddeniestheremainder.
Negativedenial,wherebydefendantstatesthathehasnoknowledgeor
informationsufficienttoformbeliefastothetruththereofandmustbeasserted
ingoodfaith.
o AffirmativeDefense:Anaffirmativedefenseisanallegationofanewmatter,while


hypotheticallyadmittingthematerialallegationsin thepleadingofthe

claimant,wouldneverthelesspreventorbarrecoverybyhim.

Affirmativedefensesinclude:
Fraud:Inallavermentsoffraudormistake,thecircumstancesconstitutingfraudor
mistakemustbestatedwithparticularity.
StatuteofLimitations
Release
Payment
Illegality
StatuteofFrauds
Estoppel
FormerRecovery
DischargeinBankruptcy
Anyothermattherbywayofconfessionandavoidance

ChecklistofRequirements:Rules6,7,8and9,1997RulesonCivilProcedure
i.
Caption
ii. Denials/Admissions(Rule8,Sec.8and11)
Materialavermentinthecomplaint,otherthanthoseastotheamountofunliquidateddamages,shallbe
deemedadmittedwhennotspecificallydenied.
Thegenuinenessanddueexecutionofawritteninstrumentcopiedinorattachedtoapleadingasbasisofthe
claimordefensemustbedeniedspecificallyunderoath,otherwisetheyaredeemedadmitted.
iii. StatementofAffirmativeAllegations
iv. StatementofAffirmative/NegativeDefenses
v. CounterclaimorCrossclaim(Rule11,Sec.8and10)
AcompulsorycounterclaimorcrossclaimexistingatthetimeofthefilingofanAnswermustbepleadedinthe
Answer;otherwiseleaveofcourtisnecessary.
vi. Prayer/Reliefs
vii. Date/PlaceofExecution
viii. SignatureofCounsel
ix. Verification(Rule7,Sec.5)
Ananswergenerallyneednotbeverified,butifthereisaspecificdenialofanactionabledocument,thenthe
answermustbeverified.
x. Jurat
xi. CertificationAgainstForumShopping
xii. ProofofService

FORMNo.18:SampleFormofanAnswer
Regional Trial Court
National Capital Judicial Region
METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT
Branch 33, Quezon City
ALIS DI-YAN COMPANY,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 2222
For : Ejectment

- versus YOKO NGA,


Defendant.
x ----------------------------------- x
ANSWER
DEFENDANT, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Admissions/Denials
He admits the contents of paragraph 1 only insofar as his personal circumstances but specifically denies the contents insofar as
plaintiffs personal circumstances for the reason stated in the Affirmative Defenses below.
He admits the contents of paragraph 2 only where it states that a Contract of Lease was entered into but specifically denies that
the Contract reflects the true intent of the parties as explained in the Affirmative Defenses below.
He admits the contents of paragraph 3 only as to the fact that demand to vacate was made but specifically denies its contents as
to the truth of the reasons for the letter for lack of knowledge sufficient to form a reasonable belief as to its truth or falseness.
He specifically denies the contents of paragraphs 4 to 6 for the reasons stated in the Affirmative Defenses below.
Affirmative Defenses
Defendant reiterates, repleads and incorporates by reference all the foregoing insofar as they are material and additionally submit
that the Complaint should be dismissed because:
a. Plaintiff has no capacity to sue as it is a foreign corporation doing business in the Philippines without a license.
b. The Complaint fails to state a cause of action as the Contract of Lease (ANNEX A) was, before its expiration, superseded
by a Deed of Absolute Sale whereby plaintiff sold to defendant the parcel of land in question, a copy of which is attached
as ANNEX 1.

Prayer
WHEREFORE, Defendant respectfully prays that judgment be rendered in his favor by dismissing the Complaint. Other just and
equitable reliefs are prayed for.
Quezon City; November 29, 2012.
(SGD) MITCH MCDEERE
Counsel for Defendant
Verification and Certification of Non-Forum Shopping
Jurat
Proof of Service

c.

Counterclaim

COUNTERCLAIM(Rule6,Sec.6):Acounterclaimisanyclaim,whichadefendingpartymayhaveagainstanopposingparty.

Acounterclaimisadistinctandindependentcauseofaction.Althoughitisallegedinananswer,itisnotpartoftheanswer.
Itisaninitiatorypleading,thusmustbeaccompaniedbyaCertificationAgainstForumShopping
COMPULSORYCOUNTERCLAIM(Rule6,Sec.7):Acompulsorycounterclaimisonewhichbeingcognizablebytheregularcourts
ofjustice,arisesoutoforisconnectedwiththetransactionoroccurrenceconstitutingthesubjectmatteroftheopposing
partysclaimanddoesnotrequireforitsadjudicationthepresenceofthirdpartiesofwhomthecourtcannotacquire
jurisdiction.
o IfthecompulsorycounterclaimisassertedinananswerfiledwiththeMTC,theamountshouldbewithinthejurisdictional
amountthereof.

PERMISSIVECOUNTERCLAIM:Apermissivecounterclaimisonewhichisnotbarredevenifnotsetupandwhichhasnological
relationwiththetransactionoroccurrencethatisthesubjectmatteroftheclaim,orevenifthereissuchaconnection,the

courthasnojurisdictiontoentertaintheclaimoritrequiresforitsadjudicationthepresenceofthirdpartiesofwhomthecourt
cannotacquirejurisdiction.
o Permissivecounterclaim,ifpermitted,requiresthatthefilingfeesbepaidanditshouldcontainaCertificationAgainst
ForumShopping.

d.

CrossClaim

CROSSCLAIM (Rule 6, Sec. 8): A crossclaim is any claim by one party against a coparty arising out of the transaction or
occurrencethatisthesubjectmattereitheroftheoriginalactionorofacounterclaimtherein.

Crossclaimscanonlybeassertedagainstacodefendant,hence,thecomplaintisagainsttwoormoredefendants.
Ananswermaycontainbothacounterclaimandacrossclaim.Insuchcases,thebasicformatofananswerisfollowed
appendedwithadditionalpartsforthecounterandcrossclaim.
ChecklistofRequirements(CounterclaimandCrossclaim):
i.
Caption
ii. Denial/Admissions
iii. StatementofAffirmativeAllegations
iv. StatementofAffirmative/NegativeDefenses
v. Counterclaim
vi. Crossclaim
vii. Prayer/Reliefs
viii. Date/PlaceofExecution
ix. SignatureofCounsel
x. Verification
xi. Jurat
xii. CertificationAgainstForumShopping
xiii. ProofofService

FORMNo.19:SampleFormofanAnswerwithCounterclaimandCrossclaim
Regional Trial Court
National Capital Judicial Region
METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT
Branch 33, Quezon City
ALIS DI-YAN COMPANY,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 2222
For : Ejectment

- versus YOKO NGA,


Defendant.
x ----------------------------------- x
ANSWER
(With COUNTERCLAIM and CROSS-CLAIM)
DEFENDANT, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Admissions/Denials
He admits the contents of paragraph 1 only insofar as his personal circumstances but specifically denies the contents insofar as
plaintiffs personal circumstances for the reason stated in the Affirmative Defenses below.
He admits the contents of paragraph 2 only where it states that a Contract of Lease was entered into but specifically denies that
the Contract reflects the true intent of the parties as explained in the Affirmative Defenses below.
He admits the contents of paragraph 3 only as to the fact that demand to vacate was made but specifically denies its contents as
to the truth of the reasons for the letter for lack of knowledge sufficient to form a reasonable belief as to its truth or falseness.
He specifically denies the contents of paragraphs 4 to 6 for the reasons stated in the Affirmative Defenses below.
Affirmative Defenses
Defendant reiterates, repleads and incorporates by reference all the foregoing insofar as they are material and additionally submit
that the Complaint should be dismissed because:
a. Plaintiff has no capacity to sue as it is a foreign corporation doing business in the Philippines without a license.
b. The Complaint fails to state a cause of action as the Contract of Lease (ANNEX A) was, before its expiration, superseded
by a Deed of Absolute Sale whereby plaintiff sold to defendant the parcel of land in question, a copy of which is attached
as ANNEX 1.

Counterclaim
Defendant reiterates, repleads and incorporates by reference all the foregoing insofar as they are material and
additionally submit that he is entitled to reliefs arising from the filing of this malicious and baseless suit, as
follows:
a. Moral Damages amounting to One Million Pesos (PHP1,000,000/00) because his name and reputation were
besmirched by this malicious and baseless suit.
b. Attorneys Fees amounting to One Hundred Thousand Pesos (P100,000.00) because he was compelled to
secure services of counsel to vindicate his legal rights.

6.

6.

Crossclaim
Defendant reiterates, repleads and incorporates by reference all the foregoing insofar as they are material and
additionally submit that he is entitled to indemnity and/or contribution from co-defendant MANGGA GANTSO in
the event that he is made liable to plaintiff because co-defendant MANGGA GANTSO acted as the duly authorized
agent of plaintiff in the sale of the property and, acting as such, received consideration, in the form of the
purchase price, from defendant.

Prayer
WHEREFORE, Defendant respectfully prays that judgment be rendered in his favor by dismissing the Complaint and
granting defendants counterclaim by awarding defendant: (a) One Million Pesos as Moral Damages, and (b) Fifty
Thousand as Attorneys Fees. In the event that defendant is made liable to plaintiff on the Complaint, he further prays
that co-defendant MANGGA GANTSO be made liable to indemnify defendant in the same amount under the Crossclaim.
Quezon City; November 29, 2012.
(SGD) MITCH MCDEERE
Counsel for Defendant
Verification and Certification of Non-Forum Shopping
Jurat
Proof of Service

e.

Reply

REPLY (Rule 6, Sec. 10): A reply is a pleading, the office of which is to deny, or allege facts in denial or avoidance of new
mattersallegedbywayofdefenseintheanswerandtherebyjoinormakeissueastosuchnewmatters.

Filingareplyisnotmandatory,asnonfilingofsuchmakesnewmattersallegedintheanswerdeemedcontroverted.Claims
againstthesenewmattersmayberaisedinanAmendedorSupplementalComplaint.
Areplytoacounterclaimorcrossclaimisimproper;ananswershouldbefiled.

f. Third(Fourth,etc.)PartyComplaint

THIRD(FOURTH,ETC.)PARTYCOMPLAINT(Rule6,Sec.11):Athird(fourth,etc.)Partycomplaintisaclaimthatadefending
partymay,withleaveofcourt,fileagainstapersonnotapartytotheactionforcontribution,indemnity,subrogationorany
otherrelief,inrespectofhisopponentsclaim.

LeaveofCourtisnecessary,thusaMotionforleavetofilethirdpartycomplaintmustbeeffected.
g. PreTrialBrief

NatureandPurposeofPreTrial

o Thepretrialbriefismandatory.Thecourtshallconsider:
a. Thepossibilityofanamicablesettlementorofasubmissiontoalternativemodesofdisputeresolution;
b. Thesimplificationoftheissues;
c. Thenecessityordesirabilityofamendmentstothepleadings;
d. Thepossibilityofobtainingstipulationsoradmissionsoffactsandofdocumentstoavoidunnecessaryproof;
e. Thelimitationofthenumberofwitnesses;

f.
g.
h.
i.

Theadvisabilityofapreliminaryreferenceofissuestoacommissioner;
The propriety of rendering judgment on the pleadings, or summary judgment, or of dismissing the action
shouldavalidgroundthereofbefoundtoexist;
Theadvisabilityornecessityofsuspendingtheproceedings;and
Suchothermattersasmayaidinthepromptdispositionoftheaction.

Thepartiesshallfilewiththecourtandserveontheadverseparty,insuchmannerasshallensurethereceiptthereof
atleast3daysbeforethedateofthepretrial,theirrespectivepretrialbriefs,whichshallcontain,amongothers:
a. Astatementoftheirwillingnesstoenterintoamicablesettlementoralternativemodesofdisputeresolution,
indicatingthedesiredtermsthereof
b. Asummaryofadmittedfactsandproposedstipulationoffacts
c. Theissuestobetriedandresolved
d. Thedocumentsortheexhibitstobepresented,statingthepurposethereof
e. A manifestation of their having availed or their intention to avail themselves of discovery procedures or
referraltocommissioners
f. Thenumberandnamesofthewitnesses,andthesubstanceoftheirrespectivetestimonies

o Failuretofilepretrialbriefshallhavethesameeffectasfailuretoappearatthepretrial.(Section6,Rule18)

Please note that there is no need to attach a Notice of Hearing for a PreTrial Brief. Please note also that pretrial is now
mandatoryincriminalcasesunderRule118,2000RulesonCriminalProcedureaswellasunderRA8493(TheSpeedyTrialAct)
althoughneitherthelawnortheRulesrequirethesubmissionofaPreTrialBriefincriminalcases(inpractice,courtsalsodo
not require the submission of a pretrial brief in criminal cases). Consequently, the requirement of a pretrial brief and the
consequencesforfailuretosubmitone(e.g.,nonsuitordismissal)appeartopertainexclusivelytocivilcases.

ThenoticeofhearingisbothaREQUESTandaNOTICE.ItisaREQUESTfortheclerkofcourttoscheduleinthecalendarfor
hearingonaspecificdate.ItisaNOTICEfortheopposingcounseltobenotifiedofthehearingdaterequested.

FORMNo.20:SamplePreTrialBrief

Republic of the Philippines


NATIONAL CAPITAL JUDICIAL REGION
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Quezon City~Branch 90
April Soller,
Plaintiff,
-

versus

Civil Case No. 97-31312

Ronaldo Sioco,
Defendant,
PRE-TRIAL BRIEF
DEFENDANT, by counsel, respectfully submits her Pre-Trial Brief, as follows:
I. WILLINGNESS TO ENTER INTO AN AMICABLE SETTLEMENT AND POSSIBLE TERMS OF ANY SUCH SETTLEMENT
1.1. Subject to a concrete proposal that is fair and reasonable and a reciprocal manifestation of openness from plaintiff,
defendant is open to the possibility of amicably settling this dispute.
1.2. Pursuant to Rule 18 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure, defendant respectfully submits that the desired terms of
any amicable settlement would involve, first, a clarification of the actual extent of any obligation due and owing to plaintiff
inasmuch as there is nothing to indicate defendants obligations to plaintiff and, second, a schedule of payments.
II. BRIEF STATEMENT OF CLAIMS AND DEFENSES
2.1. Plaintiff seeks principally to recover the amount of Twenty Two Million Eight Hundred Eighteen Thousand Nine Hundred
Forty Eight Pesos and Thirty Centavos (PHP22,818,948.30) with interest at twelve percent (12%) arising allegedly from unpaid
orders delivered to defendant variously in 1989.2
2.2.

Defendant resists plaintiffs claims based on a failure to state a cause of action because of:
2.2.1. Plaintiffs lack of personality to sue and, therefore, not being the real party in interest under Rule 3,

section 2 of the 1997 Rules of Civil Procedure;


2.2.2. Extinguishment of the alleged claim made by the entity Regency Furniture
2.3.
Defendant also interposed a compulsory counterclaim for Two Million Pesos (PHP2,000,000.00) for moral damages
and Two Million Pesos (PHP2,000,000.00) for exemplary damages and One Hundred Thousand Pesos (PHP100,000.00) as
attorneys fees.
III. FACTS AND OTHER MATTERS ADMITTED BY THE PARTIES
3.1. Defendant admits only those facts stated in her Answer, i.e., her personal circumstances, receipt of the demand letter
dated January 5, 1997 and her reply to the demand letter.
3.2. Subject to a concrete proposal for stipulation of additional facts from plaintiff during pre-trial or even thereafter,
defendant admits no other facts stated in the Complaint.
IV.
ISSUES TO BE TRIED
4.1. Defendant submits that the following issues put forward by plaintiff are subject to
4.1.1.
Plaintiffs personality to seek legal reliefs;
4.1.2.
Plaintiffs entitlement to the amount claimed;
4.2. Defendant submits that the following issues she put forward are subject to proof:
4.2.1.
Plaintiffs bad faith in filing this suit;
4.2.2. Defendants entitlement to the claims made in her Compulsory Counterclaim as a result of plaintiffs bad faith;
V. EVIDENCE
Defendant intends to present the following witnesses:
5.1.1. Defendant herself, who will testify on the true circumstances leading to the filing of this suit against her;
5.1.2.
An employee of Topless Enterprises with personal knowledge as to the true circumstances behind the alleged
obligations due and owing in favor of plaintiff.
5.1.

5.2. Defendant reserves the right to present any and all documentary evidence, which shall become relevant to rebut
plaintiffs claims in the course of trial as well as any other witnesses whose testimony will become relevant to belie plaintiffs
witnesses, if necessary.
6.1.

VI.
RESORT TO DISCOVERY
Considering the relatively simple issues presented, defendant does not intend to avail of discovery at this time.

6.2.
Subject, however, to a concrete and reasonable request for discovery from plaintiff, defendant reserves the right to
resort to discovery before trial.
RESPECTFULLY SUBMITTED
Quezon City, 29 November 2012
SGD. Camille Cobankiat
Counsel for Defendant
Copy Furnished:
Atty. Ana Mascenon
Plaintiffs Counsel

g.

OfferofEvidence

Thecourtshallconsidernoevidence,whichhasnotbeenformallyoffered.Thepurposeforwhichevidenceisofferedmustbe
specified.(Section34,Rule132)
Although evidence may be offered orally, it has been a trial practice to require the submission of a formal offer of evidence,
whichisactuallyawrittenofferinplaceoftheoralofferasprescribedbytherules.
Incriminalcases,theprivateprosecutorhasnopersonalitytoformallyoffertheevidence,thus,theofferismadeinthename
oftheprosecution.
Thisisacommonmistakeforanylegaldocumentsubmittedbyaprivateprosecutor.Itisimportanttorememberthatthe
privateprosecutorhasnopersonalitytodoanythinginacriminalcaseaseverythingisunderthecontrolanddirectionofthe
publicprosecutor.Thus,everylegaldocumentmustbesignedbyboththepublicprosecutorandtheprivateprosecutor.Note
thatitwouldalsobeacceptabletohavetheOfferthatispreparedbyaprivateprosecutorsignedbythepublicprosecutorto
showhisconformitythereto.
The Offer of Evidence is made in table or column form such that it would be easier for the Court to see the Exhibit No.,

DescriptionandPurpose.ItisimportantthattheOffercontainstheExhibitNo.,DescriptionoftheExhibitandPurposeofthe
Offer.

FORMNo.21:SampleFormofOfferofEvidence

Republic of the Philippines


National Capital Judicial Region
REGIONAL TRIAL COURT
Branch 49, City of Makati
Starbucks Inc. represented by
Its President, Shiela Santos,
Plaintiff,
-versus-

Civil Case No. 09-26354


(for sum of money)

William Toh Go,


Defendant,
FORMAL OFFER OF EVIDENCE
Plaintiff, through counsel, respectfully offers in evidence the following exhibits:
Exhibit
Description
Exhibit 1
The board resolution dated 26 April
2009 indicating that Starbucks
Inc.s President, Ms. Shiela Santos,
is authorized to represent the
corporation
Exhibit 2
Promissory Note dated 5 May 2008
in the amount of five hundred
thousand pesos (P500,000)
Exhibit 2-A
The signature of William Go

Purpose
This will be used to show the legal
standing and capacity of Ms. Shiela
Santos to bring the present suit in
behalf of Starbucks Inc.
Such promissory note will be used
as evidence of the indebtedness of
herein defendant, William Go.
This is in order to fully authenticate
and affirm the execution and
handwriting of the defendant in the
aforementioned promissory note.

WHEREFORE, it is most respectfully prayed that the foregoing exhibits presented during the trial of the instant case be
admitted in evidence.
Other reliefs just and equitable are prayed for.
Muntinlupa City for Makati City, 20 January 2011
Camille Cobankiat
Counsel for Plaintiff
5th floor, Madrigal Business Tower,
Madrigal Business Center, Alabang, Muntinlupa City
IPB O.R. No. 23655-01-03-08-Muntinlupa
PTR O.R. No. 45321-01-03-08-Muntinlupa
MCLE Compliance No. II-00088776 Nov. 17, 2007

g.

DemurrertoEvidenc

Uponfactspresentedandthelaw,plaintiffhasnotshownanyrightstorelief.Acivildemurrertoevidencemaybefiledwithor
withoutleaveofcourt.Ifthecourtfindsplaintiffsevidenceinsufficient,itwillgrantdemurrerbydismissingthecomplaint.
However,thisisappealable.Iftheplaintiffappealsandthejudgmentisreversed,appellatecourtwilldecidethecasefor
plaintiffbasedonhisevidence.Defendantwhofileswillhavelosthisrighttopresentevidence.

FORMNo.22:SampleFormofDemurrertoEvidence

TedMosby,

Plaintiff,

CivilCaseNo.0982730

PatriciaSoong,

Defendant,


DEMURRERTOEVIDENCE

DEFENDANT,bycounsel,withleaveofcourtpreviouslysoughtandgranted,107respectfullysubmitsthisDemurrertotheEvidence
becauseplaintiffhasfailedtoproveentitlementtohisclaimsbyapreponderanceofevidence:

1.
Thisactionseekstocollectasumofmoneyarisingfromacontract.
2.
Plaintiff,afterrestinghiscase,hasfailedto:(a)provetheauthenticityofthecontract,(b)theextentoftheobligationunder
thecontract,(c)thedemandabilityoftheobligationunderthecontractand(d)defendantsliabilityfortheobligationanddamages.

3.
Consequently,plaintiffhasfailedtoprovehisclaimsbyapreponderanceofevidenceanddefendantisentitledtoadismissal
oftheComplaintagainsther.
WHEREFORE,defendantrespectfullypraysthattheComplaintagainstherbeDISMISSED.

QuezonCity;1June1999.

(sgd)MaryAnnSantos

RequestforNoticeandHearing

g. Motions

MOTION (Rule 15, Sec. 1): A motion is an application for relief other than by a pleading or other than by a complaint,
counterclaim,crossclaim,third(fourth,etc.)partycomplaint,oracomplaintinintervention,ananswerorareply.

RequirementsofaMotion:(Rule15,Sec.2,3and10)
1) Mustbeinwriting:Allmotionsmustbeinwritingexceptthosemadeinopencourtorinthecourseofahearingortrial
(Rule15,Sec.2)
2) Muststate:
a) thereliefsoughttobeobtained;
b) thegroundsuponwhichitisbased;
c) shallbeaccompaniedbysupportingaffidavitsandotherpapersIF requiredbytheserulesornecessarytoprove
factsallegedtherein(Rule15,Sec.3);e.g.factsnotofrecordorofjudicialnotice
3) Form:TheRulesapplicabletoPleadingsshallapplytowrittenmotionssofarasconcerns
a) caption,
b) designation,
c) signature,
d) andothermattersofform(Rule15,Sec.10)
HearingofMotion
o GeneralRule:Everywrittenmotionshallbesetforhearingbytheapplicant
o Exception:Motionswhichthecourtmayactuponwithoutprejudicingtherightsoftheadverseparty
WrittenMotionandNoticeofHearing
o Everywrittenmotionrequiredtobeheardandthenoticeofthehearingthereofshallbeservedinsuchamanner
astoensureitsreceiptbytheotherpartyatleast3daysbeforethedateofhearingUNLESSthecourtforgood
causesetsthehearingonshorternotice
o Purpose:Noticeofmotionisrequiredwhereapartyhasarighttoresistthereliefsoughtbythemotionsoasto
avoid surprises upon the adverse party and to give him time to study and meet the arguments of the motion
(Note:Dilatorytacticscannotbetheguidingprinciple).
Wheretheadversepartyhaspresentedhisobjectiontothemotione.g.filedamotionforreconsideration
grantingthemotion,thedefectsofthemotion,ifany,aredeemedcuredforwhatisprohibitedisnotthe
absenceofpreviousnoticebuttheabsoluteabsencethereofandlackofopportunitytobeheard.
Noticeoftimeanddateofhearingappliesonlytomotionsfiledbeforethetrialcourtsandnottomotions
appliedbeforetheCAandSC
o TheNoticeofHearingshall:
1) beaddressedtoallpartiesconcerned

AnoticeofhearingaddressedtotheClerkofCourtandnottothepartiesisnonoticeatall,andthe
entrythereofwhichsays:copyfurnishedwithoutindicatinghowcopythereofwassofurnishedis
defective.
specifythetimeanddateofhearing,whichisnottobelaterthan10daysafterthefilingofthemotion
(Rule15,Sec.4)

2)

ProofofService
o ProofofServiceisnecessary:Nowrittenmotionsetforhearingshallbeacteduponbythecourtwithoutproofof
servicethereof(Rule15,Sec.6)
o TobeAcceptedforFilingortobeEntitledtoJudicialCognizance,aMotion:
1. Mustservecopiesthereoftoallpartiesconcernedatleast3daysbeforethehearingwithproofofservice
2. Itshallbedirectedtothelawyersforthepartiesconcernedwiththetimeanddateofhearing
Remember! :Strictcompliancewiththeserequirementsisnecessary,speciallyforcontentiousmotions,otherwisethemotion
maybeconsideredasamerescrapofpaper(Merisvs.Ofilada).
DoctrinesontheMatter:
o A motion which is directed to the Clerk of Court and merely states for the resolution of the court upon receipt
thereofisfatallydefective.
o Amotionwhichdoesnotcontainanoticeofhearingisamerescrapofpaperandpresentsnoquestionwhichmerits
theattentionofthecourt.Itdoesnotinterrupttherunningoftheperiodwithinwhichapleadingshouldbefiled.
o Rationale for the Rule: Unlessthemovantsetsthetimeandplaceofhearing,thecourtwillbeunabletodetermine
whethertheadversepartyagreesorobjectstothemotion,andif he objects, tohearhimonhisobjectionsincethe
rulesthemselvesdonotfixanyperiodwithinwhichhemayfilehisreplyorposition.
38
Omnibus Motion Rule: Subject to the provisions of Rule 9, Section 1 , a motion attacking a pleading, order, judgement, or
proceedingshallincludeallobjectionsthenavailable,andallobjectionsnotsoincludedshallbedeemedwaived.(Rule15,Sec.
8)
ChecklistofRequirements:
Grounds
Prayer/Relief
NoticeofHearing21
ProofofService22
Attachments(ifany)
Verification(incertaincases)
MotionforLeave
o A Motion for Leave to file a Pleading or Motion: shall be accompanied by the pleading or motion sought to be
admitted.(Rule15,Sec.9)
o Purpose:Toavoiddelay
o The same requirement applies to motions for leave to file an amended pleading e.g. amended complaint, amended
answer,amendedsupplementalcomplaint,etc.

FORMNo.23:SampleMotionforLeaveofCourttoFileAmendedComplaint

38

Rule9,Section1:DefensesandObjectionsnotPleadedDefensesandobjectionsnotpleadedeitherinamotiontodismissorintheansweraredeemedwaived.However,whenitappearsfromthepleadingsorthe
evidenceonrecordthatthecourthasnojurisdictionoverthesubjectmatter,thatthereisanotheractionpendingbetweenthesamepartiesforthesamecause,orthattheactionisbarredbyapriorjudgementorbystatute
oflimitations,thecourtshalldismisstheclaim.

FORMNo.24:MotionforLeaveofCourttoFilePleadingwithExplanationforServicebyRegisteredMail

Republic of the Philippines


SUPREME COURT
Manila

LAKI UTANG,
Petitioner,
.- versus -

GR No. _______

DAMI LUPA,
Respondent.
x ------------------------------------ x
MOTION FOR LEAVE OF COURT TO FILE REPLY WITH MOTION TO ADMIT ATTACHED REPLY
PETITIONER, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. Petitioner received a copy of respondents Comment to his petition on 3 January 1999. The Comment contains several allegations
of fact and misinterpretations of the record that may mislead the court and need to be corrected. For this reason, petitioner intends to
file a Reply.
2. Under existing rules, a Reply can no longer be filed as a matter of course. Consequently, petitioner seeks leave of this Court to file
the said Reply, a copy of which, pursuant to the 1997 Rules on Civil Procedure, is attached to this motion.
WHEREFORE, petitioner respectfully prays that he be granted leave of court to file a Reply and for the Court to admit the attached
Reply.
Quezon City for Manila; 5 January 2000.
(SGD.) ATTICUS FINCH

EXPLANATION
The foregoing Motion and its attachment were served on Atty. Mitch McDeere by registered mail instead of personal service as
counsel for petitioner only has one messenger and personal service would have resulted in the motion not being filed on time to the
detriment of petitioner.
(SGD.) ATTICUS FINCH

GeneralRule:Amotionmustcontainanoticeofthetimeandplaceofhearing,addressedtothecounseloftheadverseparty,with
priorservicetothelatteratleast3daysbeforethehearing,andfailureofthemovanttocomplywithanyoftheserequirementsis
fatalandrendersthemotionaworthlesspieceofpaper,andmakestheclerkofcourtwithoutauthoritytoactuponit.
Exceptionsto3dayNoticeandtoStrictCompliancewithMotionRequirements
o The3daynoticerulesdoesnotapplyto:
a) noncontentiousmotions,whichmaybethusheardexparte,e.g.motionsforextensionoftimetoplead(since
thecourtmayactthereonwithoutprejudicingtherightsoftheparties)and
b) motionswhichmaybegrantedexparteasauthorizedbyspecificprovisionsoftheRules,e.g.applicationsfor
theissuanceofatemporaryrestrainingorder,writofpreliminaryattachment,andwritofreplevin.
o Amotionmaybeheardonshorternoticewhere:
a) thereisurgencyinthereliefsought;or
b) wheretimeisoftheessence.
o Evenincontentiousmotions
a) Where a rigid application of the rule will result in a manifest failure or miscarriage of justice, especially if a
partysuccessfullyshowsthattheallegeddefectisnotapparentonitsfaceorfromrecitalsthereincontained;
b) Wheretheinterestofsubstantialjusticewillbeserved
c) Wheretheresolutionofthemotionisaddressedsolelytothesoundandjudiciousdiscretionofthecourt;and
d) Where the injustice to the adverse party is not commensurate to the degree of his thoughtlessness in not
complyingwiththeprocedureprescribed
ProhibitedMotion:Nomotionforextensionoftimetofileamotionfornewtrialorreconsiderationmaybefiledwiththetrialcourt
orwiththeCA.ItmayonlybefiledwiththeSC,thegrantofwhichisdiscretionary

39

MotiontoDismiss
o Afterhearing,thecourthas3choices:
a) Tosustainthemotionanddismissthecase
b) Todenythemotion
c) Ordertheamendmentofthepleading(whichifnotcompliedwithwithintheperiodgranted,maybeaground
fordismissalofthecase)
Note:Theresolutionshallstateclearlyanddistinctlythereasonsforanyofitsthreeactions,otherwisetheorderisanullity.

FORMNo.25:SampleMotiontoDismiss

FORMNo.26:SampleMotiontoDismissandNoticeofHearing

Regional Trial Court


National Capital Judicial Region
METROPOLITAN TRIAL COURT
Branch 39, Quezon City
LAKI ASSET COMPANY,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 3333
- versus For : Sum of Money
DAMI UTANG CORPORATION,
Defendant.
x --------------------------------------- x
MOTION TO DISMISS
DEFENDANT, by counsel, respectfully moves to dismiss the Complaint on the ground that the Complaint fails to state a cause of action
as THE OBLIGATION SOUGHT TO BE ENFORCED BY PLAINTIFF IS NOT YET DUE AND DEMANDABLE, as shown by the following:
1. Allegedly, plaintiff has failed to reach the quotas agreed upon under the Marketing Agreement dated 1 January 1999; defendant
now seeks to collect the sum of TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND PESOS (P200,000.00), representing the balance of the proceeds due
plaintiff under the said Marketing Agreement.
39

Rule16,Sec.1.GroundsWithinthetimeforbutbeforefilingtheanswertothecomplaintorpleadingassertingaclaim,amotiontodismissmaybemadeonanyofthefollowinggrounds:(a)Thatthecourthasno
jurisdictionoverthepersonofthedefendingparty;(b)Thatthecourthasnojurisdictionoverthesubjectmatteroftheclaim;(c)Thatvenueisimproperlylaid;(d)Thattheplaintiffhasnolegalcapacitytosue;(e)Thatthere
isanotheractionpendingbetweenthesamepartiesforthesamecause;(f)Thatthecauseofactionisbarredbyapriorjudgmentorbythestatuteoflimitations;(g)Thatthepleadingassertingtheclaimstatesnocauseof
action;(h)Thattheclaimordemandsetforthintheplaintiff'spleadinghasbeenpaid,waived,abandoned,orotherwiseextinguished;(i)Thattheclaimonwhichtheactionisfoundedisunenforceableundertheprovisions
ofthestatuteoffrauds;and(j)Thataconditionprecedentforfilingtheclaimhasnotbeencompliedwith.

2. The contract is for one (1) year and defendant is given that same period to reach the quota specified therein; the period of one (1)
year has not expired. Consequently, plaintiffs claim is premature as there is yet no breach of the Marketing Agreement until the period
expires and the quota is not attained. For this reason, plaintiffs Complaint states no cause of action and must be dismissed.
WHEREFORE, defendant respectfully prays that the Complaint be DISMISSED for failure to state a cause of action.
Other just and equitable reliefs are also prayed for.
Quezon City; (Date).
(SGD.) MITCH MCDEERE
Counsel for Defendant

REQUEST FOR & NOTICE OF HEARING24


THE BRANCH CLERK OF COURT
Metropolitan Trial Court
Quezon City, Branch 39
Please submit the foregoing Motion to the Court for its consideration and approval immediately upon receipt hereof and kindly include
the same in the courts calendar for hearing on August 9, 1999 at 8:30 in the morning.
ATTICUS FINCH
1 MockingBird Street
Timog Avenue, Quezon City
Please take notice that counsel has requested to be heard on August 9, 1999 at 8:30 inthe morning.
(SGD.) MITCH MCDEERE
40

HearingonAffirmativeDefenses
o Insteadoffilingamotiontodismiss,thedefendingpartymayfilehisanswertothecomplaintorpleadingasserting
a claim and incorporate therein not only his a) counterclaims but also all b) negative as well as c) affirmative
defenses, which are grounds for a motion to dismiss. The defending party may then file a motion to set the
affirmativedefensesforpreliminaryhearing,asifamotiontodismisshasbeenfiled.

o Thecourt,asinamotiontodismiss,hasanyof3actions:
a) Todismissthecase;
Suchdismissalshallbewithoutprejudicetotheprosecutioninthesameorseparateactionofacounterclaim
pleadedintheanswer.
Thecounterclaimherementionedreferstopermissivecounterclaim,asitallowsitsprosecutioneitherinthe
sameorseparateaction.Onlyapermissivecounterclaimmaybeseparatelyorindependentlyprosecuted
A compulsory counterclaim, by its nature, cannot remain pending for independent adjudication, it being
auxiliary to the proceeding in the original suit and depriving jurisdictional support from the original suit.
Therefore,whenamotiontodismissthecomplaintisgranted,thedismissalcarrieswithitthedismissalofthe
compulsorycounterclaim.
b) Todenythemotion;
c) Toorderamendmentofthepleading

DismissalUponMotionofPlaintiff
Adismissalunderthisruleiswithoutprejudiceunlessotherwisespecifiedintheorder
41
ExceptasprovidedinRule17,Sec.1 ,acomplaintshallnotbedismissedattheplaintiffsinstancesaveuponapprovalof
thecourtanduponsuchtermsandconditionsasthecourtdeemsproper.
Ifcounterclaimpleadedpriortoserviceuponhimofsuchmotionfordismissal,thedismissalshallbewithoutprejudiceto
defendantsrighttoprosecutehiscounterclaiminaseparateactionunlesswithin15daysfromsaidnotice,hemanifestshis
preferencetohavehiscounterclaimresolvedinthesameaction

40

Rule16,Sec.6.PleadinggroundsasaffirmativedefensesIfnomotiontodismisshasbeenfiled,anyofthegroundsfordismissalprovidedforinthisRulemaybepleadedasanaffirmativedefenseintheanswerand,inthe
discretionofthecourt,apreliminaryhearingmaybehadthereonasifamotiontodismisshadbeenfiled.Thedismissalofthecomplaintunderthissectionshallbewithoutprejudicetotheprosecutioninthesameor
separateactionofacounterclaimpleadedintheanswer.

41
Rule17,Sec.1.DismissaluponnoticebyplaintiffAcomplaintmaybedismissedbytheplaintiffbyfilinganoticeofdismissalatanytimebeforeserviceoftheanswerorofamotionforsummaryjudgment.Uponsuch
noticebeingfiled,thecourtshallissueanorderconfirmingthedismissal.Unlessotherwisestatedinthenotice,thedismissaliswithoutprejudice,exceptthatanoticeoperatesasanadjudicationuponthemeritswhenfiled
byaplaintiffwhohasoncedismissedinacompetentcourtanactionbasedonorincludingthesameclaim.

DismissalduetothefaultofthePlaintiff
42
Thecomplaintmaybedismisseduponmotion of the defendantoruponthecourts own motion (withoutprejudiceto
defendantscounterclaim)iffornojustifiablecause,theplaintiff:
a) Failstoappearonthedateofthepresentationofhisevidenceinchiefonthecomplaint,or
b) Toprosecutehisactionforanunreasonablelengthoftime,or
What constitutes unreasonable length of time depends on the sound discretion of the court; it must not only be
lengthybutunnecessaryanddilatory
c) Tocomplywiththeserulesoranyorderofthecourt
Grounds:Thecourtcannotdismissthecomplaintonanyothergroundbuttheonesenumeratedaboveexceptifthe
groundcompriseslackofjurisdictionorlackofcauseofaction.
Effect:Thedismissalwillhavetheeffectofanadjudicationuponthemeritsunlessotherwisedeclaredbythecourt.

43
ExParteMotiontoSetforPreTrial
o Thelastpleadingisordinarilytheanswerbutwhentheanswercontainsacounterclaim,plaintiffsanswertoitisthelast
pleading.
o Whendefendantsanswerhasacrossclaim,theanswerofthecrossdefendanttoitisthelastpleading.
o Where the plaintiffs answer to a counterclaim against the opposing party or a cross claim against a codefendant, the
answerofthecodefendanttothecrossclaimisthelastpleading.
o Wheretheplaintifffilesareplyallegingfactsindenialoravoidanceofnewmatterbywayofdefenseintheanswer,such
replyconstitutesthelastpleading.
o Whenthetrialcourtgrantstheexpartemotiontosetthecaseforpretrial,thetrialcourtnotonlyfixesthedateandtime
ofpretrialbutalsorequiresthepartiestosubmittheirrespectivepretrialbriefsatleast3daysbeforethepretrialdate

FORMNo.27:ExParteMotiontoSetforPretrial

LAKISA LAYAW,
Plaintiff,
- versus -

Civil Case No. 97-31312

LAKISA HIRAP,
Defendant.
x ------------------------------ x
EX PARTE MOTION TO SET CASE FOR PRE-TRIAL
PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. On 1 June 1999, defendant submitted her Answer to the Complaint, thereby causing the issues to be joined.
2. This case is, thus, ripe for pre-trial. Complying with Rule 18, section 1 of the 1997 Rules on Civil Procedure, plaintiff respectfully
asks that this case be set for pre-trial.
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays that this case be set for pre-trial on a date convenient to this Honorable Court.
Quezon City; 3 June 2000.
(SGD.) ATTICUS FINCH

REQUEST AND NOTICE


THE BRANCH CLERK OF COURT
Regional Trial Court
Branch 90, Quezon City
Please submit the foregoing to the Court for its approval immediately upon receipt hereof.
MITCH MCDEERE, ESQ.
2 The Firm
Laguna Street, Quezon City
Please take notice that counsel has requested for the approval of the foregoing motion immediately upon receipt.
ATTICUS FINCH
42

Rule 17, Sec. 3. Dismissal due to fault of plaintiffIf, for no justifiable cause, the plaintiff fails to appear on the date of the presentation of his evidence in chief on the complaint, or to prosecute his action for an
unreasonablelengthoftime,ortocomplywiththeseRulesoranyorderofthecourt,thecomplaintmaybedismisseduponmotionofthedefendantoruponthecourt'sownmotion,withoutprejudicetotherightofthe
defendanttoprosecutehiscounterclaiminthesameorinaseparateaction.Thisdismissalshallhavetheeffectofanadjudicationuponthemerits,unlessotherwisedeclaredbythecourt.

43
Rule18,Sec.1.(PreTrial)WhenconductedAfterthelastpleadinghasbeenservedandfiled,itshallbethedutyoftheplaintifftopromptlymoveexpartethatthecasebesetforpretrial.

MotiontoIntervene/MotionforIntervention
o Whomaybeallowedtointervene(withleaveofcourtandwithnoticeuponallthepartiestotheaction)inanaction?:a
personwhohaslegalinterestin
a) thematterinlitigation,or
b) inthesuccessofeitheroftheparties,oraninterestagainstboth,or
c) issosituatedastobeadverselyaffectedbyadistributionorotherdispositionofpropertyinthecustodyofthecourtor
ofanofficerthereof

o Requisites:
1) Thepersonhastobeanyofa),b),orc)
2) Interventionwillnotundulydelayorprejudicetheadjudicationofrightsoftheoriginalparties
3) Intervenorsrightsmaynotbefullyprotectedinaseparateproceeding
o Beforeallowingordisallowingit,thecourtwilldetermine
a) whetherornottheinterventionwillundulydelayorprejudicetheadjudicationoftherightsoftheoriginalparties
b) whetherornottheintervenorsrightsmaybefullyprotectedinaseparateproceeding
44
o General rule is Rule 19, Sec. 2 but, by way of exception, intervention may be allowed even during the pendency of an
appealwheretheinterestofjusticesorequires,inwhichcasethemotionwillhavetobefiledwiththeappellatecourt

FORMNo.28:SampleMotiontoIntervenefiledwiththeRTC

44

45

ProductionorInspectionofDocumentsorThings
o General Rule: A party is ordinarily entitled to the production of books, documents and papers which are material and
relevanttotheestablishmentofhiscauseofactionordefense
o Requisites:
a) Thedescribeddocumentsexist
b) Thedocumentsarepossessedorcontrolledbytheadverseparty,hisservant,oragent
c) Theinformationiswanted
d) Thematerialityandnecessityoftheentriesinbooksorpaperstothedeterminationoftheissuesinvolved

Rule19,Sec.2.TimetointerveneThemotiontointervenemaybefiledatanytimebeforerenditionofjudgmentbythetrialcourt.Acopyofthepleadingininterventionshallbeattachedtothemotionandservedonthe
originalparties.
45
Rule27,Sec.1.Motionforproductionorinspection;orderUponmotionofanypartyshowinggoodcausetherefor,thecourtinwhichanactionispendingmay(a)orderanypartytoproduceandpermittheinspectionand
copyingorphotographing,byoronbehalfofthemovingparty,ofanydesignateddocuments,papers,books,accounts,letters,photographs,objectsortangiblethings,notprivileged,whichconstituteorcontainevidence
materialtoanymatterinvolvedintheactionandwhichareinhispossession,custodyorcontrol;or(b)orderanypartytopermitentryupondesignatedlandorotherpropertyinhispossessionorcontrolforthepurposeof
inspecting,measuring,surveying,orphotographingthepropertyoranydesignatedrelevantobjectoroperationthereon.Theordershallspecifythetime,placeandmannerofmakingtheinspectionandtakingcopiesand
photographs,andmayprescribesuchtermsandconditionsasarejust.

o Thedocumentsmustbespecificallydescribedandmustnotbeprivilegedagainstdisclosure

FORMNo.29:MotionforProductionofDocumentsorThings

PhysicalandMentalExaminationofPersons
o Uponmotionofthemovant,thecourtmayorderthatapartyinapendingactioninwhichhismentalorphysicalcondition
isincontroversy,orderhimtosubmittoaphysicalormentalexaminationbyaphysician
o Purpose: A form of discovery and not to prove an expert witness for a litigant or to settle conflicts between medical
witnesses
o Thependingactionmayreferto(amongothers):
a) Anactioninvolvingphysicalinjury(*criminal)
b) Bloodgroupingtest
c) Annulmentofmarriageonthegroundofimpotency
d) Guardianshipoveranincompetentormentallyretardedperson
e) Probateofawillbyonewhoisclaimednotinfullpossessionofhismentalcapacity

FORMNo.30:MotionforPhysicalandMentalExaminationofPersons

FORMNo.31:MotionforPostponement
DILA TORY,
Plaintiff,
- versus -

Civil Case No. 008877

PASEN SYOSO,
Defendant.
x ------------------------------------ x
MOTION FOR POSTPONEMENT
PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. This case is set for trial on 5 August 1999 at 8:30 in the morning.
2. On said date and time, the undersigned counsel will be unable to appear before this Honorable Court as he has also been directed
to appear on this date and time before the Regional Trial Court of Makati City, Branch 139 for People of the Philippines v. Bil Moko,
Criminal Case No. 009988, where he is scheduled to terminate cross-examination of the prosecutions expert witness who will be
available only on said date and time.
3. Without impugning the importance of these proceedings, plaintiff respectfully submits that his attendance in the Makati case
becomes indispensable; otherwise, the accusedin said case would be deprived of the opportunity to confront and cross-examine a vital
witness against her.
4. This motion is prompted only by the foregoing reason and not for delay.
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays that the trial scheduled on 5 August 1999 be POSTPONED to another date convenient to this
Honorable Court.
Quezon City; 30 July 1999.
MITCH MCDEERE

REQUEST FOR AND NOTICE OF HEARING

FORMNo.32:MotionforExtensionofTime
DILA TORY,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 008877
- versus PASEN SYOSO,
Defendant.
x ------------------------------------ x
MOTION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME
PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. He has been directed to file a Reply to defendants Answer by 10 August 1999.
2. The undersigned counsel, however, anticipates his inability to file the Reply on or before the said due date because of the
tremendous pressure of other equally urgent professional work requiring the preparation of pleadings and almost daily trial
appearances before the various courts within and outside Metro Manila. For this reason, the undersigned is constrained to ask for an
additional fifteen (15) days from 10 August 1999, or until 25 August 1999, within which to submit plaintiffs Reply.
3. This motion is not intended for delay but is motivated only by the foregoing reason.
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays that he be granted an additional fifteen (15) days from 10 August 1999, or until 25 August
1999, within which to submit plaintiffs Reply.
Quezon City; 1 August 1999.
MITCH MCDEERE
Counsel for Plaintiff
REQUEST FOR AND NOTICE OF HEARING

FORMNo.33:MotiontoDeclareDefendantinDefault
ANAKIN SKYWALKER,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 000909
- versus PADME AMIDALA,
Defendant.
x ---------------------------------- x
MOTION TO DECLARE DEFENDANT IN DEFAULT
PLAINTIFF, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. Plaintiff filed this Complaint against defendant on 1 March 1999; summons were served on defendant on 20 March 1999, as
indicated by the Sheriffs Return of even date, a copy of which is attached as ANNEX A.
2. Defendants reglementary period to file Answer ended on 5 April 1999; no motion for extension of such period was filed nor was
any granted motu propio by this Honorable Court. Despite the lapse of time, defendant has failed to answer the Complaint against
her; plaintiff is entitled to a declaration of default and the right to present evidence ex parte against defendant.
WHEREFORE, plaintiff respectfully prays that defendant be declared in default and that plaintiff be allowed to present evidence ex
parte before the Clerk of Court acting as Commissioner.
Quezon City; 7 April 1999.
(SGD) DARTH SIDIOUS
Counsel for Plaintiff
REQUEST FOR AND NOTICE OF HEARING35

FORMNo.34:MotiontoLifeOrderofDefault
ANAKIN SKYWALKER,
Plaintiff,
Civil Case No. 000909
- versus PADME AMIDALA,
Defendant.
x ---------------------------------- x
MOTION TO LIFT ORDER OF DEFAULT
DEFENDANT, by counsel, respectfully states that:
1. Five (5) days after service of summons and receipt of Complaint, she filed a Motion to Dismiss on the ground that plaintiffs claim is
outside the jurisdictional amount of this Honorable Court under the new Expanded Jurisdiction Act and that the Complaint should
properly be filed and tried before the Metropolitan Trial Court. The Motion to Dismiss, which was received by plaintiffs counsel on 25
March 1999, was set for hearing on 10 April 1999, as indicated on the Request for and Notice of Hearing.
2. Without waiting for the hearing on the Motion to Dismiss, this Honorable Court declared defendant in default on 7 April 1999 based
solely on plaintiffs Motion, filed two (2) days after the supposed lapse of the reglementary period, which, however, was tolled by the
filing of a Motion to Dismiss.
3. Under the circumstances, the order of default is premature and without legal and factual basis as : (a) defendant has not failed to
file an Answer within the reglementary period, (b) the reglementary period has not lapsed because of the filing of the Motion to
Dismiss within the period, and (c) the pendency of the Motion to Dismiss is prejudicial to the issue of defendants default.
Consequently, the order of default should be lifted.
WHEREFORE, defendant respectfully prays that the Order of Default against her be LIFTED and that this Honorable Court resolve her
Motion to Dismiss.
Quezon City; 8 April 1999.
(SGD) OBI WAN KENOBI
Counsel for Defendant
REQUEST FOR AND NOTICE OF HEARING

h.

JudicialAffidavit

FORM No. 35: Sample Judicial Affidavit


REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES)
Quezon City, Metro Manila
) S.S.
AFFIDAVIT
I, Ronaldo Sioco, Filipino Citizen, of legal age, single but not ready to mingle and a resident of the 123 Batcave, Quezon City, after
having been duly sworn in accordance with the law, hereby depose and say:
Q: What is your name?
A: Ronaldo Sioco
Q: Where do you live?
A: The Batcave.
Q: Are you Batman?
A: Mukha ba akong may pera? Malamang hindi. I am however, armed with pick up lines.
Q: Can you give me a sample of your pick up lines?
A: Sure. Map ka ba?
Q: Hindi, bakit?
A: Coz Im lost without you.
Q: Baduy. Anything else?
A: Mustard ka ba?
Q: Hindi, bakit?
A: Kasi.... I want you on my hotdog.
Q: So green naman. Anything else?
A: Ano height mo?
Q: 56. Why?
A: Ha??? Paano ka nagkasya sa puso ko?
Q: Pwede, pwede. Pakiligin mo pa ako. Anything else?
A: Album ka ba? Kasi single ako.
Q: Pwede, pwede. Ano pa?
A: Miss, maglaro na tayo ng kahit ano, wag lang taguan... Coz a girl like you is hard to find.
Q: Titigil ka na ba? Malapit na akong mabwisit sayo.
A: ARAY!
Q: What? I didnt lay a hand on you!
A: Ang galing mo naman, wala ka pang ginagawa... tinamaan na ako sayo.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have set my hand this 5th Day of December, in Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines.
RONALDO SIOCO
Affiant
SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN to before me this day of December, 2012 the affiant is personally known to me and exhibiting to me his
Passport No. (Competent proof of identity) _____ issued at _________ on ______ and his CTC no. ________ issued at _______ on
________.
NAME OF NOTARY PUBLIC
Notary Public for the Province/City of____
Address
Appointment No. _____ until December____
Roll of Attorney No. __________
PTR No. ________;
IBP No, _________;
MCLE Compliance No. __________
Doc No. ___;
Page No. ___;
Book No. ___;
Series of 20__.

MainReferences:
o 1997RulesofCourt
o Agpalo,Ruben,LegalForms:practicalExercisesinPleadingConveyancing(2006)
o Suarez,Rolando,LegalForms(2007)
o Te,Theodore,ChecklistandSampleForms(2003)