procurement of wood-based materials from sustainably managed forests
Why you need chain of custody certification
Consumers are increasingly seeking evidence of environmentally sound business practices. Public authorities and corporate procurement policies increasingly demand reassurance and proof from the paper and wood-processing industries that the wood they use for their products comes from sustainably managed forests. It is generally agreed that wood-based products have a better overall environmental record than competitor materials, but questions have arisen about the management of the forests from which the wood originates. Businesses therefore need a reliable and credible mechanism to prove to their customers where the wood for their products has come from.
Tracking system options for What is certification?
Evidence that wood comes from sustainably managed forests can be provided through forest certification. Forest certification covers Sustainable Forest Management certification of forest enterprises and Chain of Custody certification of processing or trading companies. Sustainable Forest Management certification provides an assurance that the forests are managed sustainably. Sustainably managed forests are those whose management implements performance standards based on internationally agreed environmental, social and economical requirements. Chain of custody certification is a mechanism for tracing certified material from the forest to the final product to provide certainty that the product or product line, about which a claim is being made, is linked to a certified forest.
The forest-based product’s origin can be traced in different ways, tailored to the situation and needs of the certified company by using the so-called percentage based method or by physical separation of certified wood, paper or other forest-based products.
the Percentage based method allows mixing certified and non-certified raw material during the production or trading process. However, the percentage of the certified raw material must be known and communicated to the company’s customers (average percentage). Alternatively, the company can sell as certified the proportion of its production which equals the percentage of certified raw material used (volume credit). the Physical separation method requires separating certified and non-certified raw material during all phases of the company’s production / trading process to ensure that certified raw material is not mixed with non-certified raw material. When the physical separation method is used for products with percentage based claims, every delivery must be processed or traded separately.
% wood certified % wood from certified sources % wood from non-certified sources
Physical separation method
Details are provided in the PEFC International Chain of Custody Standard (Annex 4 of the Technical Document) at www.pefc.org.
From sustainably managed forests
Promoting sustainable forest management
Promoting sustainable forest management & recycling
PEFC logo options for certified products
Depending on the tracking method used and the percentage of certified raw material, the company has different options to label its certified products. To be able to label a certified product, a minimum content of 70% of PEFC certified material is necessary in the product. In the case of recycled material in the product, the percentage of the recycled part is stated inside the Mobius loop symbol and together with the certified part is counted to fulfil the 70% threshold for labelling. The different options may be accompanied by option specific claims. Details of PEFC’s Logo Usage Rules are provided in the Annex 5 of the PEFC Technical Document at www.pefc.org.
Safeguards against timber from illegal logging
To help timber and paper companies prevent wood from controversial sources (illegal logging) finding its way into their products, PEFC has put in place a stringent safeguard mechanism for the avoidance of raw material from controversial sources. The mechanism is a compulsory part of PEFC’s Chain of Custody standard and puts in place safety checks such as risk analyses, external assessments and on-site inspections, to ensure the legality of the uncertified wood. These safeguard checks are scrutinised by the independent certifiers during their annual audits and thus provide companies with a ‘double safety net’ for their procurement. Details are laid out in the PEFC International Chain of Custody Standard (Annex 4), Appendix 7 at www.pefc.org.
Non-wood forest products
PEFC offers an option for Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFP) in its International Chain of Custody standard. This allows companies to market products, such as berries and mushrooms, which come from PEFC certified forests, with the PEFC logo. Certified NWFP do not include forest related services (e.g. tourism and sports), nor are tangible or non tangible products and raw materials, whose origin cannot be linked to a specific forest property (e.g. animals, birds, air and water) able to be marketed under this option. NWFP are controlled through PEFC’s International Chain of Custody standard. Details are provided in the PEFC International Chain of Custody Standard (Annex 4), Appendix 8 at www.pefc.org.
The logo can be used optionally, on or off product, under licence from PEFC.
PEFC certified companies in the UK wishing to use the PEFC logo should contact PEFC UK. Non-UK companies should contact the relevant PEFC National Governing Body in their home country (see www.pefc.org) while countries where there is no PEFC member organisation should contact PEFC Council. Certified forests are the start of the wood chain and each subsequent enterprise must have a chain of custody certificate to allow forest-based products to be traced from the forest to the finished product.
CHAIN oF CUSToDy
CHAIN oF CUSToDy
CHAIN oF CUSToDy
CHAIN oF CUSToDy
The benefits of a certified chain of custody
Certified tracking of the wood flow offers wood and paper processing enterprises, business-to-business suppliers, as well as customers, printers, manufacturers, retailers and traders, a wide range of business bonuses. PEFC Chain of Custody certification can provide: l Market Advantages and Opportunities: improved access to the markets, as an increasing number of customers specify wood from certified sources only and, in some markets, demand is outstripping supply. l Safe Sourcing and Transparency: companies have an assurance against timber and paper products from illegal logging reaching their business. l Customer Communication and Promotion: companies can demonstrate their Corporate Social responsibility, improve the image of the wood-processing sector and promote the use of certified paper and forest-based products. l Enhanced Efficiency: an audited wood flow accounting system can improve the internal efficiency of a company and be integrated into its environmental and/ or quality management and controlling systems.
How can I get involved?
Wood-processing enterprises, retailers, printers, manufacturers, traders, wholesalers or stockists – you may wish to get your product flow certified. once PEFC certified, you can apply to use the PEFC logo for both on and off product communications and marketing. To find PEFC accredited certifiers for chain of custody certification in the UK, see the section for PEFC Notified Certification Bodies at the PEFC Council Interactive Database at www.pefc.org. For chain of custody certifications in countries without a PEFC national office, select “PEFC Council” in the search field. For more details on how to become PEFC certified and how to use the PEFC logo, contact PEFC UK. End-customer/consumer – purchase PEFC certified products or ask to see the chain of custody certificate to be sure that you are contributing to the sustainable management of the world’s forests. Woodland owner – you may want to obtain a PEFC certificate for your own forest. To do so, contact your national PEFC endorsed certification system and PEFC accredited certifiers in your country, who are listed in the Members & Schemes section at www.pefc.org and on the PEFC Council Interactive Database respectively. Other interested parties – if you are interested in sustainable forest management and its certification and wish to become involved in PEFC to promote sustainable forest management, contact PEFC UK www.pefc.co.uk
Where to find PEFC certified companies as well as paper and timber products?
PEFC has a fully interactive database at www.pefc.org where information can be found on any PEFC certificate or logo licence number in every PEFC-endorsed scheme. The database furthermore lists all PEFC accredited certifiers for all countries and types of certifications. PEFC databases have been developed where consumers and customers can search for PEFC certified products and links are also available at the PEFC Council website.
PEFC UK Ltd Jupiter House, High Street Tattenhall, Cheshire CH3 9PX Tel: 01829 770 438 E-mail: email@example.com PEFC is a framework for the assessment and endorsement of national forest certification systems which have been developed based on internationally recognised requirements for sustainable forest management. Since its launch in 1999, PEFC has become the world’s largest forest certification umbrella organisation covering national systems from all over the world, delivering hundreds of millions of tonnes of wood to the processing industry and then onto the market place from hundreds of millions of hectares of certified forests. PEFC has strong grass roots support from many stakeholders including the forestry sector, governments, trade associations, trade unions and non-governmental organisations.
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Printed on PEFC certified paper and printed by Caledonian Colour Printers Ltd Unit 9/10 Southpark Industrial Estate, Peebles EH45 9ED Mobile: 07966 666306 www.caledoniancp.co.uk
Photography courtesy of Finnforest Corporation, BIOSA, UPM- Kymmene Corporation, CTBA.