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# ENGI 7706/7934: Finite Element Analysis

Abaqus CAE Tutorial 1: 2D Plane
Truss
Lab TA: Xiaotong Huo

EN 3029B xh0381@mun.ca

Problem Statement:
Consider the simple six-bar pin-jointed structure shown. All members have the same
cross-sectional area (A = 0.001 m2) and elastic modulus (E = 200 GPa). The load P of
20 kN acts at an angle of 30 degrees from the vertical. The structure dimensions are in
meters. Use ABAQUS to solve for the nodal displacements, element stresses and
reaction forces.

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1.2.2 ABAQUS CAE Procedure – Preliminary Steps
 Create Working Directory Create Working Directory
 Open Abaqus CAE
 Set Work Directory
 File > Set Work Directory
 Select Directory Created in step 1.1.

1.2.3 Create Part (Module: Part)
 Click Create Part Icon
 Name Part “Truss”
 Select:
2D Planar
Deformable
Wire
 Set Approximate Size to 50.

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4 3 (Press Enter) 5. 2 2 (Press Enter)  3 . 0 0 (Press Enter) 2. Click Create Isolated Points  Enter the following coordinates (appearing in bottom left corner of drawing window)  Node X Y 1. 0 3 (Press Enter) 4. 4 0 (Press Enter) 3.

Node 4 with 2 (now right click and cancel procedure)  Again. click “Done” appearing in window bottom 1. Click Create Lines icon  Join Node 1 with 2 .4 Material and Geometric or Section Properties (Module: Property)  Select Property from the Module Drop-Down Menu  Click Create Material Icon 4 . Node 2 with 5.2. and 5 with 1 (right click and cancel procedure)  Click on “Auto Fit View” appearing on window top. Node 5 with 4. click create lines icon and join Node 3 with 5.

Poisson’s Ratio = 0.3 5 . Enter Material Name “Elastic”  Select Mechanical > Elasticity > Elastic  Enter Young’s Modulus = 200e9.

      Click Create Section Icon Name Section “Truss” Select Category “Beam” Select Type “Truss”… Continue Select Material “Elastic” Set Cross-sectional Area = 0.001… OK 6 .

..Done 7 . Click Assign Section Icon  Select the Truss by holding left mouse key and selecting the entire truss… Done  Select Section Truss… OK.

2. Part and Model Generation (Module: Assembly)  Select Assembly from the Module Drop-Down Menu  Click Instance Part Icon  Accept Defaults… OK 8 .1.5 Instance.

General)… Continue     Enter Description “Apply Force to Truss Element at an Angle” Accept Defaults on “Basic” Tab Select “Incrementation” Tab Enter Increment Size: Initial = 0.2.1.6 Define Load Step Conditions (Module: Step)  Select Step from the Module Drop-Down Menu  Click Create Step Icon  Name Step “ApplyForce”  Accept Defaults (Procedure Type: General > Static.1… OK 1.2.7 Apply Essential and Natural Boundary Conditions (Module: Load)  Select Load from the Module Drop-Down Menu  Click Create Load Icon 9 .

0 kN)  Enter CF2 = 17320 (17. y = 0) … Done  Enter CF1 = 10000 (10.3 kN)… OK 10 . Name Load “CLOAD”  Select Category: Mechanical > Type Concentrated Force  Select Node 2 (x = 4.

6 for Node 3 ( x = 0. y = 0)… Done Select Boxes to Left of U1.8 Mesh Generation (Module: Mesh)  Select Mesh from the Module Drop-Down Menu  Select Part: Truss (to Right of Module Drop Down)  Click Seed Part Instance Icon  Enter Approximate Global Size = 4 (As maximum truss length is 4 (truss1).    Click Create Boundary Condition Icon Name BC “Fixed” Select Step: ApplyForce Select Category: Mechanical > Type: Displacement/Rotation… Continue     Select Node 1 (x = 0. y = 3) [ Name boundary conditions to fixed 2 and fixed 3 respectively for these 2 nodes] 1.2. y = 3) and Node 4 ( x =4. and we will begin with one element)… OK… Done (bottom) 11 .7. U2 and UR3 Accept Defaults (U1=U2=UR3=0)… OK 6.3. Repeat the procedure from 6.3 to 6.3.

 Click Assign Element Type Icon  Select the entire truss by holding down left mouse key and selecting all 6 elements. Click Done. Select Family: Truss… OK…Done  Click Mesh Part Icon… Yes (Bottom) 12 . From the Default Element Library: Standard and Geometric Order: Linear.

1.10 Submit ABAQUS Job (Module: Job)  Click Create Job Icon  Name Job “Truss”… Continue 13 .2.2. and RT (Reaction Forces)… Accept Other Defaults… OK 1. UT (Translations). E (Total Strains).9 Field Output and Post-Processing Options (Module: Model Tree)  Edit Field output… Select required output data Expand Field Output Requests  Right-Click “F-Output-1”… Edit  Toggle On/Off Until Selected Output Variables are S (Stresses).

 Accept Defaults… OK  Click Job Manager Icon  Click Submit 14 .

 Click Monitor to View Solution Progress 15 .

Allow multiple plot states .2. Plot Deformed shape.11 Post-Processing and Data Analysis (Module: Visualization)  Dismiss Monitor  Click Results (enters Module: Visualization)  Click. select “Options” and unselect “Average element output at nodes” 16 . Plot Contours on Deformed shape  10.1. Click “Result” in the top menu.3. Plot Undeformed shape.

Click Apply. the following steps should be followed: Click on View in the top menu. OK. 17 . To make the visualization more prominent and to give element and node numbers. In the Viewport Background Tab select “Solid” and change color to “White” (click on blacktile to change background color). select Graphics Options.

select ‘Show element labels’ and ‘Show node labels’ and set label colors to black. click Common. 18 . Hit Apply.6 For labelling Nodes and Elements Click on Options in the top menu. select `labels` tab. 10. OK.

 Click on Report in the top menu and select. “Field Output => Variable => Position: Unique Nodal => select U: Spatial Displacements => Apply => Unselect U 19 .

 After unselecting U.OK 20 . change “Position“ in the same pop up window to “Centroid”. Select S: Stress Components => Click on ‘>’ and unselect all stresses except S11 => Apply.

highlighting Nodal Displacements and Nodal Stresses 21 .rpt’ placed on the desktop and cut and paste desired results into MS Word  The following set of results will be generated. Open file ‘abaqus.