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A COInPR.

EHENSI\E SRTNG lnEHOD


BY

NilICHAEL ALLEN

ROBER GTLLESPTE
PA'NELA TEITEJOHN HAYES
ARRANOEI'IENS BY
JOHN HI@@INS

EF=t:,-.-E-o^\+xR'

THE VIOTIN
Scroll

Toke Speciol Cqre

Pegs

String instruments are delicate. Follow your teacher's


guidelines in caring for your instrument, and it will
last forever.

Peg box

. Follow your teacher's instructions when removing


the instrument from the case.

Nut

. Protect your instrument from heat, cold, and quick


changes in temperature.

Fingerboard

. Always wipe off the instrument with a soft dry


cloth. Be sure to remove all fingerprints and rosin.

Neck

. Place a cloth over the top of the violin before


closing the case.

Upper bout

Accessories
.

Rosin

. Shoulder rest

,rcl
,rFl

bout
hole

. Soft cloth
. Extra set of strings

Bridge
Sound post
(inside)

Fine tuners

Tailpiece

Chin rest
End button

THE BOW
Winding

Bow hair
Never touch the bow hair.

. Keep the bow in your case until directed by your teacher.

Adjusting screw

Ferrule

Frog

HOTDTNG YOUR TNSTRUftTENT

The best way to learn to play your instrument is to practice one skill at a time. Repeat each step until you are comfortable demonstratinr
it for your teacher and classmates.
Many violin players begin by playing their instrument in guitar position. As you learn the basics, your teacher will help you change to

shoulder position.

Guitqr Position
Step

Shoulder Posifion

Place the instrument case flat on the floor with the


handle facing you. Open the case and lift the instrument

Step I

up by the neck. ldentify all parts of the violin.

Sfep

Step

Sfep

Cradle the violin under your right arm. Raise the scroll
to shoulder height. Be sure the back of the violin is

Standing) - Stand with feet about a shoulder's widtl"


apart. Sift,ir g) - Sit on the front part of the chair.
Turn your left foot to the 10 o'clock position. Slide
your right foot back. Adjust your position to place
more weight on your left foot.

flat against your stomach.

Srep
Sfep

3
4

Hold your instrument at eye level parallel to the floor

ldentify the letter names of each srring:

Curve your left hand around the upper bout. Find th

G (lowest pitch), D, A, E.

end button with your right hand.

Raise your right thumb over the strings whle


continuing to hold the instrument. Pluck the strings
as directed by your teacher. Plucking the strings is
called pizzicato, and is abbreviated pizz.

Sfep

Bring the instrument down to your shoulder. The enr


button should be near the middle of your neck. Turn
your head slightly to the left, and place your jaw on
the chin rest. Be sure the scroll does not point towar
the floor.

:2
lD
Guitar Position

n/,/

Shoulder Position

Beqt = The Pulse of Music

>
,

Gluorter

Note

Gluqrfer

Rest

r'O
'rrr
,,h

J =tgeatofsound
= r Beatofsilence

The beat in music should be very steady, just like your pulse.

Notes tell us how frigt't

or,

low to play, and how long to play.

Rests tell us to count silent beats.

Music Stoff

The music staff has 5 lines and 4 spaces.

Bqr Lines

Bar lines divide the music staff into measures.

Meqsures

The measures on this page have four beats each.

Measure

Measure

t
l

l.

TUNING TRACK

2.

LET'S PIAY "OPEN

Bar Line

A
Bor Line

Wait quietlyforyourteachertotuneyour instrument.

D''

Pizzicato lpizz.) < Pluckthe strings


Q < Open string

3.

[ET'S PlY "OPEN

A"

pizz.

flt

fil

t{

t,!

t,!

'1!

Keep a steady beat.

4.

TWO'S A TEAM

pizz.

ti!

5. AT PIERROT'S DOOR

ti'l

7rl

The melody is on your CD.

ptzz.

trl

A
Bor Line

Music

stoff

Treble Clef

Clefs indicate a set of note names.

Time Signoture

4
4

(Merer)

The time signature tells us how many beats are in

each measure and what kind of note gets one beat.

or

gets one beat

Double Bor

6.

A double bar indicates the end of a piece of music.

JUMPING JACKS

7. MIX'EM

4 beats per measure

ldentify the clef and time signature before playing.

UP

Repeotsign

Go back to the beginning and play the music again.

(r

Gounling

Count
Tap

8.

COUNT CAREFUILY

1&2&3&4&

J1rJtrt

One beat = Tap toe down on the number and


up on "&." Always count when playing or resting.

Keep a steady beat when playing or resting.

&3 &4

9.

ESSENTIAI ELEMENTS GIUIZ

Writeinthe countins beforeyou ptay.

&

&2&3&4&

SHAPTNO
Step

IIE

1EFT HAND

Shape your left hand as shown.


Be certain your palm faces you.

0 = Open sting
1 = lst finger
2 = 2nd finger
3 = 3rd finger
4 = 4th finger

Sfep

Bring your hand to the fingerboard. Place your fingers on the D string, keeping your hand shaped as shown below.
Be sure your first finger forms a square with the fingerboard, and your wrist is relaxed and straight.

is played with 3 fingers


on the D string.

lisfening Skills
I

o
Irl

Shorp

It .

is played with 2 fingers


on the D string.

A sharp raises the sound of notes and remains in effect for the entire measure.
Notes without sharps are called natural notes.

[ET'S READ trfitt (F-shorp)

Play ollFl's. Sharps apply to the entire measure,

LIFT OFF
ptzz.

t/

is played with 1 finger


on the D string.

Start memorizing the note names.

r#
I2.

E
E

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

O. [ET'S READ "G"


ptzz.

E++
f

ls your left hand shaped as shown in the diagrams above?

SHAPING HE RIOHT HAND


Pencil Hold
Sfep I Hold a pencil in your left hand at eye level.
Sfep

iti

"

Hang your right fingers over the top of the pencil,


as shown.

Srep 3

Place your right 4th finger on

Srep 4

Touch the tip of your right thumb to the pencil


just opposite your 2nd finger. The curve of your
thumb will form an oval with the finger.

Srep 5

Lean your right hand so the first finger rests on

top of the pencil.

top of the pencil between the 1st and 2nd joints.


Keep your fingers relaxed. Remove your left hand
from the pencil. Practice shaping your hand on the
pencil until it feels natural to you.

Practice BOW BUILDER ONE daily.

13. ON THE TRAIL Say or sing the note namesbeforeyou

ptay.

pizz.

14.

[ET'S READ

"E"

ptzz.

I5.

WATKING SONG
ptzz.

Count:1&2&344&

16.

ESSENTIAL ETEMENTS
pizz.

2a
GIUIZ Draw the missing symbols where they betong before you ploy:

Pencil Hold Exercises


l'm Oullq Here

Finger Tops

Wave good-bye while keeping your

Tap your first finger. Then tap your

wrist relaxed.

fourth finger.

Thumb Flexers

Knuckle Turnovers

thumb in and out.

Flex your

Turn your hand over and be sure your


thumb knuckle is bent, as shown.

Knuckle Turnovers

Bowing Motions
Swingin' Out
Put one finger inside your right elbow
and swing you arm, as shown.

Swingin'Out

17.

HOP SCOTCH
pizz.

&4&

Count:

o
F
I

Folk songs have been an important part of cultures for centuries and have been passed on from generation to generation.
Folk song melodies help define the sound of a culture or region. This folk song comes from the Slavic region of eastern Europe.

18. MORNING DANCE


pizz.

19. ROIIING

20

ATONG

Slavic Folk Song

Place your instrument in shoulder position as shown on page 3.


Then practice the following exercises with your left hand.

Finger Tops
Tap fngertips on any string. Practice in different combinations

of fingers.

Pull Awoys
Pull your left hand away from the side of the necl while keeping
the thumb and fingers on the instrument.

Strummin'Along
Strum the strings with your 4th finger while swinging your elbow
under the violin, as shown.

20.

Strummin'Along

GOOD KING WENCESTAS


ptu.

Welsh Folk 5o

\ Keep fngers down when you see this bracket.

21.

SEMINOTE CHANT
pizz.

Count:

22. ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS


pizz.

GIUIZ

n
J

PrepareFil before playing.

- TIGHTTY ROW
31

is played with 3 fingers


on the A string.

listening Skills

23.

c#

:fli'";lfffinsers

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

[ET'S READ "D"


ptzz.

24. 'LET'S READ nfiu (C-shorp)

c#
\

25.

TAKE OFF
ptzz.

26.

^
-t

CARIBBEAN ISLAND
ptzz.

).

Play allC#'s. Sharps apply to the entre measure.

Practice BOW BUILDERS ONE,TWO, and THREE daily.

is played

with 1 finger

on the A string.

27. OTYMPIC

28.

29.

[ET'S READ

"B"

HAIF WAY DOWN


pzz.

30.

HIGH JUMP

RIGHT BACK UP
pizz. 0

A scale is a sequence of notes in ascending or descending order. Like a musical"laddereach note is the
next consecutive step of the scale. This is your D Scale. The first and last notes are both D.

ScEle

3.

DOWN THE D
ptzz.

32.

SCATE

Remember to memorizethe note names.

ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS GIUIZ

- UP THE D SCALE

On The Bow (Eorly Bow Hold)


Sfep I

ldentifu all parts of the bow (see page 2). Hold the bow in your
left hand near the tip with the frog pointing to the right.

Step 2

Put your right thumb and 2nd finger on the bow stick near

the middle of the bow

BalancingThe Bow

Sfep

Shape your right hand on the bow sticl as shown.

Sep

Turn your right hand over, and be sure your thumb and fingers
are curved.

Sfep

Hold the bow and repeat the exercises on page 8.

Alert

Do not place your bow on the instrument until instructed to do so by your teacher.

33.

SONG FOR CHRISTINE

34.

NATAIIE'S ROSE

35.

ESSENTIAI CREATIVITY

E
Example

Early Bow Hold

Remembertocount.

How many words can you create by drawing notes on the staff below?

Folk songs often tell stories. This lsraeli

folk song describes a game played with

that has been enjoyed by families for centuries. The game

3.

a dreidel, a small table-top spinning toy


is especially popular in December around the time of Hanukkah.

DREIDET
lsraeli Folk

puz.

Shodow Bowing
Shadow Bowing is bowing without the instrument.

Sfep

Sfep

Place the rosin in your left hand. Hold the bow at


the balance point.

Sfep

Shadow bow by slowly moving the bow back and forth


on the rosin. Be sure to move the bow, not the rosin.

Tighten the bow hair as instructed by your teacher.

--Down
Up

Bow -

Bow

37.

ROSIN RAP
llV

Down

38.

Rest

Move the bow toward your body (to the left).

#t

Up

Bow these exercises on the rosin.

-V-V
Rest

Down

Rest

Up

Down

Up

Down

Up

Down

Rest

Up

Up

Rest

Down Up Down

Rest

Up

Rest

Down

Up

ROSTN RAP #3

Down Up Rest Rest Down

1/

Up

ROSIN RAP #2

NV

39.

Move the bow away from your body (to the right).

ls

Up

your bow hand shaped as shown in the diagram above?

Down

Rest

Up

Up

Rest

Sc

"t4
Review these notes. Write the letter names in the spaces below.

o
H

40.

CAROTINA BREEZE

Count:1 & 2 & 3 & 4

4I.

1&2&3&4&

1& 2 & 3 & 4

&

1&2&3&4&

JINGTE BETIS
J. S.

42. OtD AACDONATD


ptzz.

)'.

&

HAD A FARf

Practice BOW BUILDER FIVE daily.

Pierpont

American Folk Song

Austrian composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) was a child prodigy who first performed in concert at age 6.
He lived during the time of the American Revolution (1775-1783). Mozart's music is melodic and imaginative. He wrote
hundreds of compositions, including a piano piece based on this familiar song.

43. A MOZART METODY


ptzz.

0
O

A key signature tells us what notes to play with sharps and flats throughout the
entire piece. Play all F's as Ff (F-sharp) and all C's as Cil (C-sharp) when you see

Key Signoture
D MA'OR

44.

this key signature, which is called "D Major."

MATHEW'S MARCH
ptzz"

45.

.1.

Play Fil's and

Cfr's

when you see this key signature.

CHRISTOPHER'S TUNE

tt

46.

ESSENTIAL CREATIVITY

Ptay the notes below. Then compose your

youhavetearnedwiththisrhythm:
ptzz.

own

music for the last two measures using the notes

) JJ
)

Lef's Bow!

Early Bow Hold

Slep I

Sfep 2

Regular Bow Hold

Thumb Placement

Hold the instrument with your left hand on the


upper bout as illustrated.

Your teacher will suggest when to begin moving


your bow hand toward the frog, as shown in the
Regular Bow Hold illustration. The tip of your
thumb will move to the place on the stick where

Hold the bow at the balance point (Early Bow Hold).

it touches the frog.

Your right elbow should be slightly lower than

your hand.

Listening Skills

47.

BOW ON THE D STRING


arco

48.

ptay what your teacher ptays. Listen carefully. Your tone should be smooth and even.

-)

Play with the bow on the string.

BOW ON THE A STRING

-VNV

ll

rl

Srring levels
Your arm moves when bowing on different strings.

Memorize these guidelines:

. Raise your arm to play lower-pitched strings.


. Lower your arm to play higher-pitched strings.

49.

RAISE

50.

TEETER TOTTER

5T.

MIRROR IMAGE

AND TOWER

nv.

-V

-v- V-

BOw Liff

Lift the bow and return to its starting point.

52. A STRAND OF D'N'A

53. ESSENTIAT ELEMENTS GIUIZ


llV

OLYMPIC CHALIENGE

n
Combining Both Honds
Using notes from the D major scale, echo what,your teacher plays.

Raise

arm =

Lower arm

lower string

= higher string

18

PUTilNG

I Att TOOEHER

Congratulations! You are now ready to practice like an advanced player by combining left and right hand skills while reading music.
When learning a new line of music, follow these steps for success:

I
Sfep 2
Sfep 3
Sfep 4
Sfep

Tap your toe and say or sing the letter names.


Play

piu.

and say or sing the letter names.

Shadow bow and say or sing the letter names.


Bow and play as written.

54, BOWING "G"


3

55.

BACK AND FORTH

57.

TRIBAT IATYIENT

I.

ETEVATOR UP

62. DOWN

32

THE D MAJOR SCALE

3.

SCATE SIMULATOR Remembertocount.

64.

ESSENTIAL ETEMENTS GIUIZ

7A

,4

THE D MAJOR SCATE

Speciol Violin Exercise


While the basses learn a new note, draw the bar lines in the music below. Then write in the counting.

5.

[ET'S READ 'C#o

- Review

20

)* J*

Eighth Nofes

o
trt
l-

J1

,r:
n
1&2&

Each Eighth Note = 1/z Beat


2 Eighth Notes = 1 Beat

1&

Two or more Eighth


Notes have a beam

JlJT

JI

across the stems.

Beam

il1Jt|)=JTJ1
JlJ

Tap your toe down on the number and up on the"&'j

66.

RHYTHM RAP
Shadow bow and count before playing.

-V-V-

&2&3&4&

67.

PEPPERONI PIZZA

8.

RHYTHM RAP

-V-VN

-v-vl't

-V-V-

1&2a3&4&

1&2&3a4&

I &2 &3 &4

&

Shadow bow and count before playing.

ll

VNV

NV

Count:l & 2 & 3 & 4

69.

&

VI'IV

VNV

1&2&3&4&

1&2&3a4&

V-V
&2&

&4&

D MAJOR SALE UP

Tempo Morkings

Tempo is the speed of music. Tempo markings are usually written above the staff, in ltalian.

Allegro

Fast

tempo

Moderato

Medium

tempo

Andante - Slower, walking tempo

70. HOT CROSS BUNS

71.

AU CTAIRE DE LA LUNE
Andante

French Folk Song

72.

RHYTHM RAP
Shadow bow and count before playing.

-VlV-

V-VFV

Count:l & 2 & 3 & 4

73.

&

1&

V-VNV

2 a 3 & 4

&

-V-VN
1& 2 & 3 & 4

l&2&3&4&

BUCKEYE SATUTE
Moderato

fiti^" Signoture

Conducring
=
=

74.

2 beats per measure


Quarter note gets one beat

Practice conducting this


two-beat pattern.

,rb

RHYTHM RAP
Shadow bow and count before playing.

-V
Count:1 &,
/

75.

&

FIVFIV

1&2&

1&2&

NV-V
1&2&1&2&

1&2&

1&2&

1&2t

TWO BY TWO

I sr

76.

NV

& 2nd Endings

ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS GIUIZ

the 1st ending the 1st time through. Then, repeat


the same section of music, skip the 1st ending, and play
the 2nd ending.
Play

- FOR PETE'S SAKE

n
\

st time

- - - - I 2ndtime

&

22

Holf Note

Holf Resf

o
E

O1=2Beats
I

= 2 Silent Beats

1& 2&

77.

--r--

1& 2&

RHYTHM RAP
Shadow bow and count before playing.

Count:1

78.

& 2

&

3a4&

&2&

&2&

&4&

& 4

&

&2&3&4&

AT PIERROT'S DOOR
Moderato

French Folk Song

Slow
Bow

79.

THE HALF COUNTS

80.

GRANDPARENT'S DAY

Slow

>

Bow

SIow

Bow

Andante

,
o
t{

American Folk Song

Repeat the section of music enclosed by the repeat signs.


(lf I st and 2nd endings are used, they are ployed as usualbut go back only to the first repeat sign, not to the beginning.)

Repeot Signs

t-

8I

>

MICHAET ROW THE BOAT ASHORE


Moderato

I r.

82. TEXAS TWO'STRING

llz

Holding your violin in shoulder position, pizz. this exercise wth your left hand 4th finger.
4+ = 4th finger pizz.

Your 4th finger is often


used to match the pitch

ofthe next highest open


string, creating a smoother
tone and fewer changes
between strings for bowing.

83.

FOUR BY FOUR
n

84.

4TH FINGER MARATHON

85.

HIGH FTYING

German composer Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) was one of the world's greatest composers. He was completely deaf
by 1802. Although he could not hear music like we do, he could "hear" it in his mind. The theme of his final Symphony No.9
is called "Ode To Joy," and was written to the text of a poem by Friedrich von Schiller."Ode To Joy" was featured in concerts
celebrating the reunification of Germany in 1990.

8.

ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS QUIZ


Moderato

ODE TO JOY
Ludwig van Beetho'

124

PERFORTIANCE SPOTTIOH
)t

Good performers are on time with their instruments and music ready, dressed appropriately, and know their music well.

87.

SCALE WARM.UP

88. fnnf JACQUES - Round (when group A reaches@,group

Chord, l/ormony

r,O

:;|:..{ir

:F
::

Bbegins at@)

Two or more pitches sounding at the same time form a chord or harmony.
Throughout this bookA = Melody and B = Harmony.

r::.

89.

BltE ,EM CABBAGE DOWN


Allegro

V-V

i,

Orchestrq Arrqngement
American FiddleTune

NV

A
')

--,

MeasureNumber

a)

U
B

r
-

J-A

PERFORTI'IANCE SPOTITGHT

90.

ENGTISH ROUND

91.

LIGHTIY ROW

Orchestrq Arrongemenf

Moderato
4

A
t

a)

ltu

is-1+-

French composer Jacques Offenbach (1819-1880) was the originator of the operetta and played the cello. An operetta is a
form of entertaidment that combines several of the fine arts together: vocal and instrumental music, drama, dance, and visual
arts. One of his most famous pieces is the "Can-Can" dance from Orpheus And The lJnderworld. This popular work was written
in 1858, just three years before the start of the American Civil War (1861-1865).

92.

CAN-CAN

- Orcheslrq Arrqngement

Jacques Offenb;

Arr.John Higg

dt'

ltu
B

1/

lt
ll

What were the strong points of your performance?

is played with 2 fingers

is played with 3 fngers


on the G string.

listening Skills

on the G string.

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

New Key Signofure

,
o

G MAJOR

III

Play all F's as Ffi (F-sharp) and all C's as Ch (C-natural).

LET'S READ

"G"

-\ PIayFF's and

CVs

in this key signature.

94. [ET'S READ "C," (Q-noturol]


3

c
95. [ET'S READ "B"
2

- <-

Ledger Lines
- +

t-

93.

is played with 1 finger


on the G string.

Ledger lines

Ledgerlines

Ledger lines extend the music staff higher or lower.

97.

WATKING AROUND

99. G MAJOR
ll

SCALE

Namethe notesbeforeyou play.

Write the note names before you play.

4th finger on

Time Signoture C
(Meler)

= CommonTime

string = Open D pitch.

Conducfing

Practice conducting

this four-beat pattern.

sameasft

too. tow DowN

IOI.

BAA BAA BTACK SHEEP


Moderato

02.

ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS GIUIZ

THIS

OtD MAN

Moderato

44

American Folk

S<

28

Time Signofure B = lbeatspermeasure Conducting 'l l\,


or gets one beat

(Meter)

4 =) I

o
llt
F

Dotted Holf Note

). I

1&2&3&

3 Beats
of Sound

JJ1t
IO3.

tttt

practiceconductins

tl-\,
---z+

2.< Dot
A dot adds half

the

value ofthe note.

this three-beat pattern.

= o.

2 beats + 'l beat

3 beats

-o

RHYTHM RAP
Shadow bow and count before playing.

Count:1 & 2
I

04.

& 3

&

COUNTING THREES
n

05.

D MAJOR SCATE IN THREES

O.

FRENCH FOIK SONG


Moderato

IO7.

French Folk Song

ESSENTIAT ELEMENTS QUIZ

- SAITOR'S SONG

Allegro

n
J

Write in the correct time signature before you begin.

English Sea Song

A tie is a curved line that connects notes of the same pitch.


Play a single note for the combined counts of the tied notes.

lte
I

08.

FIT TO BE TIED

srur
I09.

STOP AND GO

I I O. STURRING ATONG

II

I.

I12.

I3.

SMOOTH SAITING

D MAIOR SLURS

CROSSING STRINGS

ooV

I 14. GTIDING BOWS


0^\/

I5.

UPSIDE DOWN
0

A slur is a curved line that connects two or more different pitches.


Play slurred notes together in the same bow stroke.

J-J = 2 beats

JU

.e
''o
|al

A note (or notes) that appears before the first full measure is called an upbeat (or pickup).
he remaining beats are found in the last measure.

Upbeot

'

I l. SONG FOR MARIA


Andante

Latin American music combines the folk music from South and Central America, the Caribbean lslands, African, Spanish,
and Portuguese cultures. Melodies often feature a lively accompaniment by drums, maracas, and claves. Latin American
styles have become par of jazz, classical, and rock music.

D.C.

ql Fine

Play until you see the D.C. al Fine. Then go back to the beginning and play until you see Fine
(fee'- nay). D.C. is the abbreviation for Da Capo, the ltalian term for "return to the beginning."

Fine is the ltalian word for"the finish."

II7.

BANANA BOAT SONG


Moderato

I 18.

FIROLIRAL'RA

Caribbean Folk Song

Fine n

Orchestrq Arrqngemenl

Allegro
4

-V

Mexican Folk Song


Arr.John Higgins

LUpbeats)

-.

ts'

.-

cl
4

Tie

B
t------

Tie

ffi t*tlt

BuILDERs - G Moior

I 19.

l2a.

l2l.

122.

123.

1L

\__j

SIur three

124.

Far Eastern music comes from Malaysia, lndonesia, China and other areas. Historians believe the first orchestras, known
as gamelans, existed in this region as early as the 1st century B.C. Today's gamelans include rebabs (spiked fiddles), gongs,
xylophones, and a wide variety of percussion instruments.

I25.

JINGTI NONA
Allegro

Far Eastern Folk So

Where is beat 4?

Low 2nd Finger


Srep I

Sfep 2

Shape your left hand

Bring your hand to the


fingerboard. Your 1st and
2nd fingers touch. There
is a space between your

as shown. Be certain

your palm faces you.


Notice your 2nd finger
lightly touches your

2nd and 3rd fingers, and


between your 3rd and 4th
fingers.

1st finger.

F
is played with

low 2nd finger


on the D string.

Listening Skills

Noturql
READ

n natural sign cancels

t-

126. [ET's

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

flat

(b)

or sharp (#) anA remains in effect for the entire measure.

"F" (F-naurol)

+ -< Low 2nd

finger

Hqlf Srep
Whole Srep

o
t*t
F

A half step is the smallest distance between two notes.


A whole step is two half steps combined.

127. HATF.STEPPIN' AND WHOTE STEPPIN'


| -t

/2 step

I 28. SPY GUY

129.

MTNOR DETAITS

High 2nd finger

/2 step

Whole step

Whole step

Low 2nd Finger On The A Srring


Shape your left hand on the A string as shown.

is played

with

low 2nd fnger


on the A string.

listening Skills
I

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

30. [ET's READ "C'' (C-nofurol)

c,

I3I.

HALF STEP AND WHOTE STEP REVIEW

nlz

Whole

ChfOmqtiCS
t

32.

I33.

I34.

step

Whole step

Chromatic notes are altered with sharps, flats, and naturals. A ohromatic pattern
notes in a sequence of half steps.

is

two or more

CHROMATTC MOVES

THE STETSON SPECIAT

BI.UEBIRD'S SONG
Allegro

Texas Folk 5o

34

Key Signoture

o
r

All notes are naturals.

C MAJOR

r3 5.

C MAJOR SCALE

Or

- Round
@

t/2

Duet

13.

A composition with two different parts, played together.

SPLIT DECISION

- Duet

^lM

,H

137. OAK HOttOW


Moderato

38.

o
F
2
I

A-T|SKEL A-TASKET

ln the second half of the 1800s many composers tried to express the spirit of their own country by writing music with
a distinct national flavor. Listen to the music of Russian composers such as Borodin,Tchaikovsky, and Rimsky-Korsakov.
They often used folk songs and dance rhythms to convey their nationalism. Describe the sounds you hear.

39. ESSENTIAL ETEMENTS GIUIZ


Andante

RUSSIAN FOTK TUNE


Fr
Russian Folk
Song

Alert;

I40.

This page mixes finger patterns. Watch for low second finger (Ch) and high second finger (Fg).

BINGO

18th Century English Game

Allegro

Sor

Where is beat 2? S

English composer Thomas Tallis (1505-1585) served as royal court composer during the reigns of Henry Vlll, Edward Vl, Mary,
and Elizabeth l. Composers and artists during this era wanted to recreate the artistic and scientific glories of ancient Greece
and Rome. The great artist Michelangelo painted the Sistine Chapel during Tallis'lifetime. Rounds and canons were popular
forms of music during the early 'l6th century. Divide into groups, and play or sing the Tallis Canon as a 4-part round.

l4l.

TAttlS CANON

- Round

Moderato

Cv

Theme qnd Vqriqtions

142.

{i

VARIATIONS ON

Thomas Tal

Theme and variations is a musical form where a theme, or melody,


by different versions of the same theme.

is

followed

A FAMILIAR SONG

Moderato

Variation

43.

- make up your own variation

ESSENT|AI CREAT|V|TY
Moderato

- THE
-

BIRTHDAY SONG
rr

Now play the line again and create your own rhytht

36

Speciol Violin Exercise


Write the note names below. Then, write stories using as many note names as possible. Share your work with orchestra friends.

Note

Names:

Great musicians give encouragement to their fellow performers. Viola and cello players will now learn
new challenging notes. The success of your orchestra depends on everyone's talent and patience.

Teom Work

Play your best as these sections advance their musical technique.

lisfening Skills

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

144. [ET'S READ "Crt - Review

45.

LET'S READ

uF"

- Review
V

146. [ET'S READ t'" - Review

147. LET'S READ t'Dt' - Review

148.

SIDE BY SIDE
n

149.

C MAJOR SCATE

Namethe notes beforeyou play.

Whole Note
O--------)

Whole Rest
=4

Half Rest

T
tr

-.-----..--...--

A Whole Measure
of Silent Beats

Beats

1s'2&3&4&

I5O.

Whole Rest

from
a staff line.

l&2&3&4&

hangs

sits on a
staff line.

RHYTHM RAP

Shadow bow and count before playinq.

Count:l & 2 & 3 & 4

& 1 & 2 & 3 & 4 & l&2&3&4&

1&2a3&4&

1&2&3&4&

1&2&3&4&

5t. Stow Bows


+
Bow

I52.

, Bow

SIow

Bow

----------------

LONG, IONG AGO

Moderato

T. H. Bai

Arpeggio

An arpeggio is a chord whose pitches are played one at a time. Your first arpeggio uses the
1st,3rd,5th, and 8th steps from the C major scale.

I53.

C MAJOR SCATE AND ARPEGGIO

I54.

TISTEN TO OUR SECTIONS

Violin

Viola

Cello

Bass

c=
^
It

Arpeggio

VIn.

Vla.

Vcl.

All

Bs.

I55. MONDAY'S MELODY


Moderato

Fine
)

D.C. al Fin

is played with 2 fingers


on the E string.

is played with 3 fingers

on the

string.

listening Skills
I 5. [ET'S READ

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

"E''

'157. LET'S READ


3

"A''

I 58. LET'S READ

"G"

{zll

G
I 59. LET'S READ 'FlN (F-shorp)

rfi
I

0. MOVING ATONG
3

'l

l,

tt. G -rruoR scAtE

Namethe notes beforeyou play.

Fil

ifli'""f,ftl

nnser

162.

SHEPHERD'S HEY

English Folk 5or

I3.

BIG ROCK CANDY MOUNTAIN

American Folk Sor

Allegro

B
is played with
4 fingers on

the

string.

listening Skills

Play what your teacher plays. Listen carefully.

164. [ET'S READ "B''


4
-

B
I

5.

ICE SKATING
Moderato

166.

ESSENTIAT ETEMENTS GIUIZ


Moderato

ACADEMIC FESTIVAT OVERTURE THEME


Johannes Brahn

40

Sfqccqfo

167.

t:

fo'l

Staccato notes are marked with a dot above or below the note. A staccato note is played with
a stopped bow stroke. Listen for a space between staccato notes.

PLAY STACCATO

8. ARKANSAS TRAVETER
Southern American Folk Song

ffi"t*Ilt

ButtDERs - G Moior

170.

17l.

172.

173.

1 4th finger

on A string = open

pitch

Hooked Bowing
174.

HOOKED ON D MAJOR

--

V^

175. WAITZ|NG
ttt

176.

Hooked bowing is two or more notes played in the same direction


a stop between each note.

--

\/^

I-

with

!-'Y

"--"

BOWS

Vr---J

,1, - ll

POP GOES THE WEASET

American Folk Sonr

ffi-t*ttl
177.

178.

179.

I 80.

BUIIDERS - c Moior

42

Dynomics

Dynamics tell us what volume to play or sing.

I8I.

FORTE

(forte)

Play loudly. Add more weight to the bow.


Play softly. Remove weight from the bow.

(piano)

AND PIANO

"f
182. SURPRISE SYIPHONY THEME

En
Eu

ffi

W SKItt BUILDER9

- scqles ond Arpessios

Add your own dynamics to any of the lines below.

I83.

D MAIOR

187.

(Lower Octave

'/IAJOR

- viola and cello)

Franz Josef Haydn

PERFORITANGE SPOTLrcHT
r88 .

CRIPPLE CREEK

Orchestrq Arrqngemenf

(A = Metody and B = Harmony)

Allegro

American Folk Son


Arr. Michael Alle

"f

I
-

"f

Africa

is a large continent made up of many nations, and African folk music is as diverse as its many cultures. This folk song
from Kenya. The words describe warriors as they prepare for battle. Listen to examples of African folk music and describe
the sound.
is

r89 .

TEKEIE IOMERIA

Orchestrq Arrqngement

Kenyan Warrior Son

Moderato

\J
-

.
A

op

"f
4

"f

p
n

"f
0

^p

Arr.John Higgir

r-.ltl

\--

:I

v=,

\!

"f

44

PER,FORilIANCE SPOTTIOH
,

o
F
2

Italian composer Gioachino Rossini (1792-1868) wrote some of the world's favorite operas. "William Tell"was Rossini's
last opera, and its popular theme is still heard on television.

t90 . WIIUAM

TEIL OVERTURE

Allegro

--

p
r.t

Orchestrq Arrongement

Gioachino Rossini
Arr.John Higgins

NVV

------

'

.yv

-r

7 t'
-V

'

\-j f

-----n

D.C. al Fine

l9l

. ROCKIN' STRINGS
Moderato

Orchestrq Arrqngement
John Higgins

V-V
t#J

J
t-4-

:[[

VnV

PER,FORftIANGE SPOUOHT
192.

SIMPLE GIFTS

Andante

Shaker Folk Son

- Orchestrq Arrqngement

Arr.John Higgir

"t

o,

f,

At

-.

o.--

"f
V -V

NV

-V
-

Ay

o,-'t v I

V,

lrol
HV

')

!^

--J

v1-:

--l

,--.J

\-

Ar-t

ll

lltt

t_ -J

\--

--

\_/

(tu

a-l.:

46

PERFORTNANCE

SPOtIGH

Solo with PiEno


Accompqniment

A solo is a composition written for one player, often with piano accompaniment. This solo was
written by Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750). You and a piano accompanist can perform for
the orchestra, your school, your family, and at other occasions. When you have learned the piece
well, try memorizing it. Performing for an audience is an exciting part of being involved in music.

193.

MINUET NO.
Moderato

V,^J

Piano Accompaniment

I - Solo

lmpfOViSOtiOn

{
lmprovisation

is

trl
o

the art of freely creating your own music as you play.

194.

RHYTHM

JAM lJsing the fottowing notes, improvise your own rhythms.

o
195. INSTANT MEIODY

-<'-

lJsingthefoltowingnotes,improvseyourownmelody(LineA),togowiththeaccompaniment(LineB).

Au

VIOTIN FINOERING CHART

lz

-F

o
G

48

&**FERENGE rNDEx
Deinifions
Allegro

Repeat

20

Clef 5 (viola)

Alto

Andante

Arco

Bow

37

5 (cello

& bass)

Lift

Chord

33

Tie
Time

Fine 30
Dotted Half Note

28

Signature

Whole

Rest

37

Dynamics

Whole

Step

32

Upbeat

42

42

Note

22

Rest
Half Step
Half

21

22
32

.
,

Minuet

No.1

.
41

OdeTo Joy (from Sym.

No.9)

Piano

JOHANNES BRAHMS

.
.

26

AcademicFestivalOvertureTheme 39

Surprise SymphonyTheme 42

Pickup
Pizzicato

24

WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART

A Mozart

Melody

22

Michael Row The Boat

Ashore

Old MacDonald Had A

Farm

Monday's
Pop

Melody

37

GoesTheWeasel

Skip To My

Simple

Lou

41

35

Gifts 45
Man 27

This Old

Banana Boat

Song

30

ENGLISH

.
.
.
.

Nona

Jingli

31

At Pierrot's Door 22

Lune
Folk Song 28

Au Claire De La
French
Frre

Jacques

20

24

Can-Can From "Orpheus And

Underworld"

42

MEXICAN

The

Firoliralera

30

RUSSIAN

15

JACQUES OFFENBACH

32

(p)

Day

Grandparents

FRANZ JOSEF HAYDN

Number
Moderato 20
Natural

43

FRENCH

23

15

Measure

Staff

Creek

. Bingo 35
. English Round 25
. Sailor's Song 28
. Shepherd's Hey 39
.

Measures 4

Music

Cripple

Russian Folk

Song

34

SLAVIC

Morning

Dance

25
WELSH

GIOACCHINO ROSSINI

30

(pizz.)

Quarter

Note

Quarter

Rest

William Tell

Overture

Good King

Wenceslas

44
TRADITIONAL HOLIDAY MUSIC

THOMAS TALLIS

Tallis

Canon

35

39

24

FAR EASTERN

46

LUDWIG VAN BEETHOVEN

Signature

Lines

Down
Bluebird's Song 33
Bile'Em Cabbage

CARIBBEAN

37

Gomposers
.

lmprovisation 47
Ledger

Traveler 40
Big Rock Candy Mountain

Arkansas

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH

Harmony 24
Hooked Bowing
Key

43

30

20

Endings

(.f)

Clef 5 (violin)
Up Bow 13
Note

Notes

35

29

Whole

Half

"
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

40

Bar 5
Down Bow 13
Duet 34
Double

Forte

Lomeria

Tekele

AMERICAN
13

Treble

al

1st & 2nd

Markings 20
Theme And Variations

Time 27

Counting

Eighth

AFRICAN

Tempo

Chromatics

D.C.

22

Slur 29
Solo 46
Staccato

17

24

Common

(enclosed)

Clef

Beat

World Music

Round 24
Scale 1
Shadow Bowing
Sharp 6

16

Lines

Bass

Sign

Repeat Signs

20

Arpeggio
Bar

rps.l

. Dreidel 13
. Jingle Bells 14

22

14