You are on page 1of 42

AUTOCAD

UCSICON
IT HAS SIX OPTIONS.
On

Displays the UCS icon.


Off

Turns off display of the UCS icon.


All

Applies changes to the icon in all active viewports. Otherwise, UCSICON affects only
the current viewport.
Enter an option [ON/OFF/Noorigin/ORigin] <current>: Enter an option to apply to all
active viewports or press ENTER
No Origin

Displays the icon at the lower-left corner of the viewport regardless of the location of
the UCS origin.
Origin

Displays the icon at the origin (0,0,0) of the current coordinate system. If the origin
is off the screen, or if the icon cannot be positioned at the origin without being
clipped at the viewport edges, the icon is displayed at the lower-left corner of the
viewport.
Properties

Displays the UCS Icon dialog box, in which you can control the style, visibility, and
location of the UCS icon.

LIMITS
Command entry: limits

Specify lower left corner or [ON/OFF] <current>: Specify a point, enter on or off, or press ENTER
Lower-Left Corner

Specifies the lower-left corner for the grid limits.


Specify upper right corner <current>: Specify a point or press ENTER

On

Turns on limits checking. When limits checking is on, you cannot enter points outside the
grid limits. Because limits checking tests only points that you enter, portions of objects
such as circles can extend outside the grid limits.YOU CANNOT SPECIFY POINTS
FOR LINE(OR ANY OTHER THING) OUTSIDE THE LIMITS.
Of

Turns off limits checking but maintains the current values for the next time you turn on
limits checking.
LIMMAX

Stores the upper-right grid limits for the current space, expressed as a world coordinate.
LIMMIN
Stores the lower-left grid limits for the current space, expressed as a world coordinate.
L-LINE
LINE CAN BE DRAWN SIMPLY BY SPECIFYING POINTS.
XL-CONSTRUCTION LINE
Specify a point or [Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]: Specify a point or enter an option
Specifies the location of the infinite line using two points through which it passes.
Specify through point: Specify the point (2) through which you want the xline to pass, or press
ENTER to end the command
The xline is created through the specified point.
Hor

Creates a horizontal xline passing through a specified point.


Specify through point: Specify the point (1) through which you want the xline to pass, or press
ENTER to end the command

The xline is created parallel to the X axis.

Ver
Creates a vertical xline passing through a specified point.
Specify through point: Specify the point (1) through which you want the xline to pass, or press
ENTER to end the command
The xline is created parallel to the Y axis.

Ang
Creates an xline at a specified angle.
Enter angle of xline (0) or [Reference]: Specify an angle or enter r
Angle of Xline
Specifies the angle at which to place the line.
Specify through point: Specify the point through which you want the xline to pass
An xline is created through the specified point, using the specified angle.
Reference
Specifies the angle from a selected reference line. The angle is measured
counterclockwise from the reference line.
Select a line object: Select a line, polyline, ray, or xline
Enter angle of xline <0>:
Specify through point: Specify the point through which you want the xline to pass, or
pressENTERto end the command
An xline is created through the specified point, using the specified angle.
Bisect

Creates an xline that passes through the selected angle vertex and bisects the angle between the
first and second line.
Specify angle vertex point: Specify a point (1)
Specify angle start point: Specify a point (2)
Specify angle end point: Specify a point (3) or press ENTER to end the command
The xline lies in the plane determined by the three points.

Offset
Creates an xline parallel to another object.
Specify offset distance or [Through] <current>: Specify an offset distance, enter t, or press
ENTER
Offset Distance
Specifies the distance the xline is offset from the selected object.
Select a line object: Select a line, polyline, ray, or xline, or press ENTER to end the
command
Specify side to offset? Specify a point and press ENTER to exit the command
Through
Creates an xline offset from a line and passing through a specified point.
Select a line object: Select a line, polyline, ray, or xline, or press ENTER to end the
command
Specify through point: Specify the point through which you want the xline to pass and
press ENTER to exit the command
ML-MULTILINE

Current settings: Justification = current, Scale = current, Style = current


Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: Specify a point or enter an option
Start Point
Specifies the next vertex of the multiline.
Specify next point:
Specify next point or [Undo]: Specify a point or enter u
If you create a multiline with two or more segments, the prompt includes the Close option.
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Specify a point or enter an option
Next Point
Draws a multiline segment to the specified point using the current multiline style and
continues to prompt for points.
Undo
Undoes the last vertex point on the multiline. The previous prompt is displayed.
Close
Closes the multiline by joining the last segments with the first segments.

Justification
Determines how the multiline is drawn between the points you specify.

Enter justification type [Top/Zero/Bottom] <current>: Enter an option or press ENTER


Top
Draws the multiline below the cursor, so that the line with the most positive offset is at
the specified points.

Zero
Draws the multiline with its origin centered at the cursor, so that the MLSTYLE Element
Properties offset of 0.0 is at the specified points.

Bottom
Draws the multiline above the cursor, so that the line with the most negative offset is at
the specified points.

Scale
Controls the overall width of the multiline. This scale does not affect linetype scale.
Enter mline scale <current>: Enter a scale or press ENTER
The scale factor is based on the width established in the multiline style definition. A scale factor
of 2 produces a multiline twice as wide as the style definition. A negative scale factor flips the
order of the offset linethe smallest on top when the multiline is drawn from left to right. A
negative scale value also alters the scale by the absolute value. A scale factor of 0 collapses the
multiline into a single line. For information about the multiline style definition, see MLSTYLE.

STYLESpecifies a style to use for the multiline.IT LOADS A MULTILINE TYPE CREATED BY
USING MLSTYLE(MULTILINE STYLE).

MLSTYLE (MULTILINE STYLE)


Displays the Multiline Style dialog box

MLEDIT (MULTILINE EDIT)

The Multiline Edit Tools dialog box is displayed.

PL-(POLYLINE)
Specify start point: Specify a point
Current line-width is <current>
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Specify a point or enter an option
NoteAt least two points must be specified to use the Close option.

Next Point
Draws a line segment. The previous prompt is repeated.
Arc
Adds arc segments to the polyline.

Specify endpoint of arc or


[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second pt/Undo/Width]: Specify a point
(2) or enter an option
NoteFor the Center option of the PLINE command, enter ce; for the Center object
snap, enter cen or center.

Endpoint of Arc
Draws an arc segment. The arc segment is tangent to the previous segment of the polyline. The
previous prompt is repeated.
Angle
Specifies the included angle of the arc segment from the start point.
Specify included angle:

Entering a positive number creates counterclockwise arc segments. Entering a negative number
creates clockwise arc segments.
Specify endpoint of arc or [Center/Radius]: Specify a point or enter an option
Endpoint of Arc

Specifies the endpoint and draws the arc segment.


Center

Specifies the center of the arc segment.


Specify center point of arc:
Radius

Specifies the radius of the arc segment.


Specify radius of arc: Specify a distance

Specify direction of chord for arc <current>: Specify a point or press ENTER
Center
Specifies the center of the arc segment.
Specify center point of arc: Specify a point (2)
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/Length]: Specify a point (3) or enter an option

Endpoint of Arc

Specifies the endpoint and draws the arc segment.


Angle

Specifies the included angle of the arc segment from the start point.
Specify included angle:
Length

Specifies the chord length of the arc segment. If the previous segment is an arc, the new
arc segment is drawn tangent to the previous arc segment.
Specify length of chord:
Close
Draws an arc segment from the last point specified to the starting point, creating a closed
polyline. At least two points must be specified to use this option.

Direction
Specifies a starting direction for the arc segment.
Specify the tangent direction from the start point of arc: Specify a point (2)
Specify endpoint of arc: Specify a point (3)

Halfwidth
Specifies the width from the center of a wide polyline segment to one of its edges.
Specify starting half-width <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
Specify ending half-width <starting width>: Enter a value or press ENTER
The starting half-width becomes the default ending half-width. The ending half-width becomes
the uniform half-width for all subsequent segments until you change the half-width again. The
starting and ending points of wide line segments are at the center of the line.

Typically, the intersections of adjacent wide polyline segments are beveled. No beveling is
performed for nontangent arc segments or very acute angles or when a dot-dash linetype is used.
Line
Exits the Arc option and returns to the initial PLINE command prompts.
Radius
Specifies the radius of the arc segment.
Specify radius of arc: Specify a distance
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle]: Specify a point or enter a

Endpoint of Arc

Specifies the endpoint and draws the arc segment.


Angle

Specifies the included angle for the arc segment.


Specify included angle:

Specify direction of chord for arc <current>: Specify an angle or press ENTER
Second Pt
Specifies the second point and endpoint of a three-point arc.
Specify second point on arc: Specify a point (2)
Specify end point of arc: Specify a point (3)

Undo
Removes the most recent arc segment added to the polyline.
Width
Specifies the width of the next arc segment.
Specify starting width <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
Specify ending width <starting width>: Enter a value or press ENTER

The starting width becomes the default ending width. The ending width becomes the uniform
width for all subsequent segments until you change the width again. The starting and ending
points of wide line segments are at the center of the line.
Typically, the intersections of adjacent wide polyline segments are beveled. No beveling is
performed for nontangent arc segments, very acute angles, or when a dot-dash linetype is used.
Close
Draws a line segment from the last point specified to the starting point, creating a closed
polyline. At least two points must be specified to use this option.

Halfwidth

Specifies the width from the center of a wide polyline line segment to one of its edges.
Specify starting half-width <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
Specify ending half-width <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
The starting half-width becomes the default ending half-width. The ending half-width becomes
the uniform half-width for all subsequent segments until you change the half-width again. The
starting and ending points of wide line segments are at the center of the line.

Typically, the intersections of adjacent wide polyline segments are beveled. No beveling is
performed for nontangent arc segments or very acute angles or when a dot-dash linetype is used.
Length
Draws a line segment of a specified length at the same angle as the previous segment. If the
previous segment is an arc, the new line segment is drawn tangent to that arc segment.
Specify length of line: Specify a distance

Undo
Removes the most recent line segment added to the polyline.
Width
Specifies the width of the next line segment.
Specify starting width <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
Specify ending width <starting width>: Enter a value or press ENTER

The starting width becomes the default ending width. The ending width becomes the uniform
width for all subsequent segments until you change the width again. The starting and ending
points of wide line segments are at the center of the line.

Typically, the intersections of adjacent wide polyline segments are beveled. No beveling is
performed for nontangent arc segments or very acute angles or when a dot-dash linetype is used.

3DPOLY-(3DPOLYLINE)
IT IS USED TO DRAW POLYLINE IN 3 DIMENTION. SIMPE POLYLINE WONT WORK
IN 3D .SIMPLE POLYLINE CAN BE USED ONLY WHEN POLYLINE HAS TO BE DRAWN
IN SAME PLANE.
POLYGON-(POL)
USED TO DRAW POLYGON.
REC-(RECTANGLE)
Current settings: Rotation = 0
Specify first corner point or [Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: Specify a
point or enter an option
First Corner Point
Specifies a corner point of the rectangle.

Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: Specify a point or


enter an option
Other Corner Point

Creates a rectangle using the specified points as diagonally opposite corners.


Area

Creates a rectangle using the area and either a length or a width. If the Chamfer or
Fillet option is active, the area includes the effect of the chamfers or fillets on the
corners of the rectangle.
Enter area of rectangle in current units <100>: Enter a positive value

Calculate rectangle dimensions based on [Length/Width] <Length>: Enter L or w


Enter rectangle length <10>: Enter a non-zero value

or
Enter rectangle width <10>: Enter a non-zero value
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: Move the cursor to display one
of four possible locations for the rectangle and click the one that you want
Dimensions

Creates a rectangle using length and width values.


Specify length for rectangles <0.0000> Enter a non-zero value
Specify width for rectangles <0.0000> Enter a non-zero value
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: Move the cursor to display one
of four possible locations for the rectangle and click the one that you want
Rotation

(PICK POINTS NAHI SAMAJ AYA)

Creates a rectangle at a specified rotation angle.


Specify rotation angle or [Points] <0> Specify an angle by entering a value, specifying a
point, or entering p and specifying two points
Specify other corner point or [Area/Dimensions/Rotation]: Move the cursor to display one
of four possible locations for the rectangle and click the one that you want

Chamfer
Sets the chamfer distances for the rectangle.

Specify first chamfer distance for rectangles <current>: Specify a distance


or press ENTER
Specify second chamfer distance for rectangles <current>: Specify a
distance or press ENTER
The values become the current chamfer distances for subsequent RECTANG commands.
Elevation
Specifies the elevation of the rectangle.

Specify the elevation for rectangles <current>: Specify a distance or press


ENTER
The value becomes the current elevation for subsequent RECTANG commands.
Fillet
Specifies the fillet radius of the rectangle.

Specify fillet radius for rectangles <current>: Specify a distance or press


ENTER
The value becomes the current fillet radius for subsequent RECTANG commands.
Thickness
Specifies the thickness of the rectangle.

Specify thickness for rectangles <current>: Specify a distance or press


ENTER
The value becomes the current thickness for subsequent RECTANG commands.
Width
Specifies the polyline width of the rectangle to be drawn.

Specify line width for rectangles <current>: Specify a distance or press


ENTER
The value becomes the current polyline width for subsequent RECTANG commands.

HELIX
Command entry: helix

Dashboard: 3D Make panel (click icon to expand), Helix

Number of turns = 3 (default)


Twist = CCW (default)
Specify center point of base: Specify a point
Specify base radius or [Diameter] <1.0000>: Specify a base radius, enter d to specify the diameter,
or press ENTER to specify the default base radius value
Specify top radius or [Diameter] <1.0000>: Specify a top radius, enter d to specify the diameter,
or press ENTER to specify the default top radius value

Specify helix height or [Axis endpoint/Turns/turn Height/tWist] <1.0000>: Specify a helix height, or
enter an option
Initially, the default base radius is set to 1. During a drawing session, the default value for the
base radius is always the previously entered base radius value for any solid primitive or helix.
The default value for the top radius is always the value of the base radius.
The base radius and top radius cannot both be set to 0.
Diameter (Base)
Specifies the diameter of the base of the helix.
Specify diameter <2.0000>: Specify a diameter or press ENTER to specify the default value
Initially, the default base diameter is set to 2. During a drawing session, the default value for the
base diameter is always the previously entered base diameter value.
Diameter (Top)
Specifies the diameter of the top of the helix.
Specify diameter <2.0000>: Specify a diameter or press ENTER to specify the default value
The default value for the top diameter is always the value of the base diameter.
Axis Endpoint
Specifies the endpoint location for the helix axis. The axis endpoint can be located anywhere in
3D space. The axis endpoint defines the length and orientation of the helix.
Specify axis endpoint: Specify a point
Turns
Specifies the number of turns (revolutions) for the helix. The number of turns for a helix cannot
exceed 500.
Initially, the default value for the number of turns is three. During a drawing session, the default
value for the number of turns is always the previously entered number of turns value.
Enter number of turns: Enter a number

Turn Height
Specifies the height of one complete turn within the helix.
The number of turns in the helix will automatically update accordingly when a turn height value
is specified. If the number of turns for the helix has been specified, you cannot enter a value for
the turn height.
Specify distance between turns <default>: Enter a number to specify the height for each turn in
the helix
Twist
Specifies whether the helix is drawn in the clockwise (CW) or the counterclockwise (CCW)
direction. The default value for the helix twist is CCW.
Enter twist direction of helix [CW/CCW] <CCW>: Specify a twist direction for the helix
A-(ARC)
Specify start point of arc or [Center]:Specify a point, enter c, or press ENTER
tostart tangent to last line, arc, or polyline
Start Point
Specifies the starting point of the arc.
NoteIf you press ENTER without specifying a point, the endpoint of the last drawn line or arc

is used and you are immediately prompted to specify the endpoint of the new arc. This
creates an arc tangent to the last drawn line, arc, or polyline.

Specify second point of arc or [Center/End]:


Second Point
Draws an arc using three specified points on the arc's circumference. The first point is the
start point (1). The third point is the endpoint (3). The second point (2) is a point on the
circumference of the arc.

Specify end point of arc:Specify a point (3)

You can specify a three-point arc either clockwise or counterclockwise.

Center
Specifies the center of the circle of which the arc is a part.

Specify center point of arc:


Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
End Point

Using the center point (2), draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (1) to
an endpoint that falls on an imaginary ray drawn from the center point through the
third point (3).

The arc does not necessarily pass through this third point, as shown in the
illustration.
Angle

Draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (1) using a center point (2) with
a specified included angle. If the angle is negative, a clockwise arc is drawn.
Specify included angle:Specify an angle

Chord Length

Draws either a minor or a major arc based on the distance of a straight line between
the start point and endpoint.
If the chord length is positive, the minor arc is drawn counterclockwise from the start
point. If the chord length is negative, the major arc is drawn counterclockwise.
Specify length of chord:Specify a length

End
Specifies the endpoint of the arc.

Specify end point of arc:


Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius]:

Center Point

Draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (1) to an endpoint that falls on
an imaginary ray drawn from the center point (3) through the second point specified
(2).

Angle

Draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (1) to an endpoint (2), with a
specified included angle. If the angle is negative, a clockwise arc is drawn.
Specify included angle: Enter an angle in degrees or specify an angle by moving the
pointing device counterclockwise

Direction

Begins the arc tangent to a specified direction. It creates any arc, major or minor,
clockwise or counterclockwise, beginning with the start point (1), and ending at an
endpoint (2). The direction is determined from the start point.
Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc:

Radius

Draws the minor arc counterclockwise from the start point (1) to the endpoint (2). If
the radius is negative, the major arc is drawn.
Specify radius of arc:

Center
Specifies the center of the circle of which the arc is a part.

Specify center point of arc:


Specify start point of arc:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
End Point

Draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (2) to an endpoint that falls on
an imaginary ray drawn from the center point (1) through a specified point (3).

Angle

Draws an arc counterclockwise from the start point (2) using a center point (1) with
a specified included angle. If the angle is negative, a clockwise arc is drawn.
Specify included angle:

Chord Length

Draws either a minor or a major arc based on the distance of a straight line between
the start point and endpoint.
If the chord length is positive, the minor arc is drawn counterclockwise from the start
point. If the chord length is negative, the major arc is drawn counterclockwise.
Specify length of chord:

Tangent to Last Line, Arc, or Polyline


Draws an arc tangent to the last line, arc, or polyline drawn when you press ENTER at the
first prompt.

Specify end point of arc: Specify a point (1)

CONTINUE
CONTINUE IS USED TO CONTINUE AN ARC IMEDIATELY AFTER IT IS
DRAWN.

C-(CIRCLE)
circle

Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Specify a point or enter an option
Center Point
Draws a circle based on a center point and a diameter or a radius.
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: Specify a point, enter a value, enter d, or press ENTER
Radius

Defines the radius of the circle. Enter a value, or specify a point (2). The distance
between this point and the center point determines the radius of the circle.

Diameter

Draws a circle using the center point and a specified distance for the diameter.
Specify diameter of circle <current>: Specify a point (2), enter a value, or press ENTER

3P (Three Points)
Draws a circle based on three points on the circumference.
Specify first point on circle: Specify a point (1)
Specify second point on circle: Specify a point (2)
Specify third point on circle: Specify a point (3)

2P (Two Points)
Draws a circle based on two endpoints of the diameter.
Specify first endpoint of circle's diameter: Specify a point (1)
Specify second endpoint of circle's diameter: Specify a point (2)

TTR (Tangent, Tangent, Radius)


Draws a circle with a specified radius tangent to two objects.
Specify point on object for first tangent of circle: Select a circle, arc, or line
Specify point on object for second tangent of circle: Select a circle, arc, or line
Specify radius of circle <current>:

Sometimes more than one circle matches the specified criteria. The program draws the circle of
the specified radius whose tangent points are closest to the selected points.

DO-(DONUT)
Command entry: donut

Specify inside diameter of donut <current>: Specify a distance or press ENTER


If you specify an inside diameter of 0, the donut is a filled circle.
Specify outside diameter of donut <current>: Specify a distance or press ENTER
Specify center of donut or <exit>: Specify a point (1) or press ENTER to end the command

The location of the donut is set based on the center point. After you specify the diameters, you
are prompted for the locations at which to draw donuts. A donut is drawn at each point specified
(2). How the interior of a donut is filled depends on the current setting of the FILL command.
SPL-(SPLINE)
Command entry: spl
Specify first point or [Object]: Specify a point or enter o
First Point
Creates a spline using points you specify, using NURBS (nonuniform rational B-splines)
mathematics.
Specify next point: Specify a point

Enter points until you have defined the spline curve. After you enter two points, the following
prompt is displayed:
Specify next point or [Close/Fit Tolerance] <Start tangent>: Specify a point, enter an option, or
press ENTER

Next Point

Continuing to enter points adds additional spline curve segments until you press ENTER.
Enter undo to remove the last point specified. Once you press ENTER, you are prompted
to specify the start tangent for the spline curve.
Close

Closes the spline curve by defining the last point as co-incident with the first and making
it tangent to the joint.
Specify tangent: Specify a point or press ENTER
Specify a point to define the tangent vector or use the Tangent and Perpendicular object
snap modes to make the spline tangent or perpendicular to existing objects.

Fit Tolerance

Changes the tolerance for fitting of the current spline curve. The spline curve is redefined
so that it fits through the existing points according to the new tolerance. You can
repeatedly change the fit tolerance, but doing so changes the fit tolerance for all the
control points regardless of the control point that is selected.
Specify fit tolerance <current>: Enter a value or press ENTER
If you set the tolerance to 0, the spline curve passes through the fit points. Entering a
tolerance greater than 0 allows the spline curve to pass through the fit points within the
specified tolerance.
SPLINE returns to the previous prompt.

Start Tangent

Defines the tangency for the first and last points of the spline curve.
Specify start tangent: Specify a point or press ENTER
The Specify Start Tangent prompt specifies the tangency of the spline curve at the first
point.
Specify end tangent:Specify a point or press ENTER

The Specify End Tangent prompt specifies the tangency of the spline curve at the last
point.

If you specify tangency at both endpoints of the spline, you can enter a point or use the
Tangent and Perpendicular object snap modes to make the spline tangent or perpendicular
to existing objects. Press ENTER to calculate default tangents.
Object(SAMAJ NAHI AYA)
Converts 2D or 3D quadratic or cubic spline-fit polylines to equivalent splines and (depending
on the setting of the DELOBJ system variable) deletes the polylines.
Select objects to convert to splines...
Select objects: Select 2D or 3D spline-fit polylines and press ENTER when you finish
EL-ELLIPSE
Command entry: el

Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center/Isocircle]: Specify a point or enter an option


The Isocircle option is available only when you set the Style option of SNAP to Isometric.
Axis Endpoint

Defines the first axis by its two endpoints. The angle of the first axis determines the angle of the
ellipse. The first axis can define either the major or the minor axis of the ellipse.
Specify other endpoint of axis: Specify a point (2)
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: Specify a distance by entering a value or locating a
point (3), or enter r
Distance to Other Axis

Defines the second axis using the distance from the midpoint of the first axis to the
endpoint of the second axis (3).

Rotation

Creates the ellipse by appearing to rotate a circle about the first axis.
Specify rotation around major axis: Specify a point (3), or enter an positive angle value
less than 90
Move the crosshairs around the center of the ellipse and click. If you enter a value, the
higher the value, the greater the eccentricity of the ellipse. Entering 0 defines a circular
ellipse.

Arc
Creates an elliptical arc. The angle of the first axis determines the angle of the elliptical arc. The
first axis can define either the major or the minor axis of the elliptical arc.
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center]: Specify a point or enter c
Axis Endpoint
Defines the start point of the first axis.
Specify other endpoint of axis:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: Specify a distance or enter r

The descriptions of the Distance to Other Axis and Rotation options match those of the
corresponding options under Center.
Center
Creates the elliptical arc using a center point you specify.
Specify center of elliptical arc:
Specify endpoint of axis:
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: Specify a distance or enter r
Distance to Other Axis
Defines the second axis as the distance from the center of the elliptical arc, or midpoint of the
first axis, to the point you specify.
Specify start angle or [Parameter]: Specify a point (1), enter a value, or enter p
The descriptions of the Start Angle and Parameter options match those of the corresponding
options under Rotation.

Rotation
Defines the major to minor axis ratio of the ellipse by rotating a circle about the first axis. The
higher the value (from 0 through 89.4 degrees), the greater the ratio of minor to major axis.
Entering 0 defines a circle.
Specify rotation around major axis: Specify a rotation angle
Specify start angle or [Parameter]: Specify an angle or enter p
Start Angle
Defines the first endpoint of the elliptical arc. The Start Angle option toggles from
Parameter mode to Angle mode. The mode controls how the ellipse is calculated.
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included angle]: Specify a point (2), enter a value, or
enter an option

Parameter
Requires the same input as Start Angle, but creates the elliptical arc using the following
parametric vector equation:
p(u) = c + a* cos(u) + b* sin(u)
where c is the center of the ellipse and a and b are its major and minor axes, respectively.
Specify start parameter or [Angle]: Specify a point, enter a value, or enter a
Specify end parameter or [Angle/Included angle]: Specify a point, enter a value, or enter
an option

End Parameter: Defines the end angle of the elliptical arc by using a
parametric vector equation. The Start Parameter option toggles from
Angle mode to Parameter mode. The mode controls how the ellipse is
calculated.

Angle: Defines the end angle of the elliptical arc. The Angle option
toggles from Parameter mode to Angle mode. The mode controls how
the ellipse is calculated.

Included Angle: Defines an included angle beginning at the start angle.

Center
Creates the ellipse by a center point you specify.
Specify center of ellipse: Specify a point (1)
Specify endpoint of axis: Specify a point (2)
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: Specify a distance by entering a value or locating a
point (3), or enter r

Distance to Other Axis

Defines the second axis as the distance from the center of the ellipse, or midpoint of the
first axis, to the point you specify.
Rotation
Creates the ellipse by appearing to rotate a circle about the first axis.
Specify rotation around major axis: Specify a point, or enter an angle value between 0
and 89.4
Specify start angle or [Parameter]: Specify an angle or enter p
Move the crosshairs around the center of the ellipse and click. If you enter a value, the
higher the value, the greater the eccentricity of the ellipse. Entering 0 defines a circle.
Isocircle
Creates an isometric circle in the current isometric drawing plane.
NoteThe Isocircle option is available only when you set the Style option of SNAP to
Isometric.

Specify center of isocircle:


Specify radius of isocircle or [Diameter]: Specify a distance or enter d

Radius
Creates a circle using a radius you specify.
Diameter
Creates a circle using a diameter you specify.
Specify diameter of isocircle: Specify a distance

B-(BLOCK)

Command entry: block

Defines and names a block.


Name
Names the block. The name can have up to 255 characters and can include letters, numbers,
blank spaces, and any special character not used by the operating system or the program for other
purposes.
The block name and definition are saved in the current drawing.
NoteYou cannot use DIRECT, LIGHT, AVE_RENDER, RM_SDB, SH_SPOT, and
OVERHEAD as valid block names.

Preview
If an existing block is selected under Name, displays a preview of the block.
Base Point
Specifies an insertion base point for the block. The default value is 0,0,0.
Specify On-Screen

Prompts you to specify the base point when the dialog box is closed.
Pick Insertion Base Point

Temporarily closes the dialog box so that you can specify an insertion base point in the
current drawing.
X

Specifies the X coordinate value.


Y

Specifies the Y coordinate value.


Z

Specifies the Z coordinate value.


Objects

Specifies the objects to include in the new block and whether to retain or delete the selected
objects or convert them to a block instance after you create the block.
Specify On-Screen

Prompts you to specify the objects when the dialog box is closed.
Select Objects

Closes the Block Definition dialog box temporarily while you select the objects for the
block. When you finish selecting objects, press ENTER to redisplay the Block Definition
dialog box.
Quick Select

Displays the Quick Select dialog box, which defines a selection set.
Retain

Retains the selected objects as distinct objects in the drawing after you create the block.
Convert to Block

Converts the selected objects to a block instance in the drawing after you create the
block.
Delete

Deletes the selected objects from the drawing after you create the block.
Objects Selected

Displays the number of selected objects.


Behavior
Specifies the behavior of the block.
Annotative

Specifies that the block is

more about annotative objects.

annotative.

Click the information icon to learn

Match Block Orientation to Layout

Specifies that the orientation of the block references in paper space viewports matches
the orientation of the layout. This option is unavailable if the Annotative option is
cleared.
Scale Uniformly

Specifies whether or not the block reference is prevented from being non-uniformly
scaled.
Allow Exploding

Specifies whether or not the block reference can be exploded.


Settings
Specifies settings for the block.
Block Unit

Specifies the insertion units for the block reference.


Hyperlink

Opens the Insert Hyperlink dialog box, which you can use to associate a hyperlink with the
block definition.
Description
Specifies the text description of the block.
Open in Block Editor
Opens the current block definition in the Block Editor when you click OK.
I-(INSERT)
THIS IS USED TO INSERT A BLOCK.
WBLOCK-(WRITE BLOCK)
IT IS USED TO CREATE WRITE BLOCK.WRITE BLOCK CAN BE USED IN ANY FILE
BUT BLOCK CANT BE.
TABLE

ITS USED TO DRAW TABLE.LIKE WE HAVE TO DRAW BILLS IN MACHINE DRAWING.


POINT-(PO)
DRAW>POINT>4 OPTIONS
SINGLE POINT TO DRAW SINGLE POINT
MULTIPLE POINT-TO DRAW MULTIPLE POINTS.
MANAGE POINT STYLE FROM FORMAT>POINT STYLE
MEASURE(ME)

IT PUTS POINTS AT A DISTANCE EQUAL TO LENGTH OF THE SEGMENT(AS


MENTIONED BY US ON SCREEN) ON THE SELECTED OBJECTS.
DIVIDE(DIV)
IT DIVIDES THE SELECTED OBJECT INTO THE GIVEN NUMBER OF SEGMENTS.

H-(HATCH)
WHEN WE USE BOTH HATCH AND GRADIENT.
GRADIENT IS IN
1.SEND TO BACK
2.SEND BEHIND BOUNDARIES

GRADIENT IS IN
1.BRING IN FRONT OF BOUNDARIES

IF ONLY CIRCLE IS SELECTED AS OBJECT

IF BOTH TEXT AND CIRCLE ARE SELECTED AS OBJECT

WIPEOUT

Creates a polygonal area that masks underlying objects with the current background color. This
area is bounded by the wipeout frame. You can turn on the wipeout frame for editing and turn it
off for plotting.
Specify first point or [Frames/Polyline]<Polyline>: Specify a point or an option
First Point
Determines the polygonal boundary of the wipeout object from a series of points.
Next point: Specify the next point or press ENTER to exit
Frames
Determines whether the edges of all wipeout objects are displayed or hidden.
Enter mode [ON/OFF]:<varies> Enter on or off
Enter on to display all wipeout frames. Enter off to suppress the display of all wipeout
frames.
Polyline
Determines the polygonal boundary of the wipeout objects from a selected polyline.
Select a closed polyline: Use an object selection method to select a closed polyline
Erase polyline? [Yes/No]<N>: Enter y or n
Enter y to erase the polyline that was used to create the wipeout object. Enter n to retain
the polyline.
REVCLOUD-(REVISION CLOUD)
Minimum arc length: 0.5000 Maximum arc length: 0.5000
Specify start point or [Arc length/Object/Style] <Object>: Drag to draw the revision cloud, enter an
option, or press ENTER
Guide crosshairs along cloud path...
When the start and end lines meet, the following message is displayed at the command prompt.
Revision cloud finished

The resulting object is a polyline.

NoteREVCLOUD stores the last used arc length in the system registry. This value is
multiplied by DIMSCALE to provide consistency when the program is used with
drawings that have different scale factors.

Arc Length
Specifies the length of the arcs in a revision cloud.
Specify minimum length of arc <0.5000>: Specify a minimum arc length
Specify maximum length of arc <0.5000>: Specify a maximum arc length
Guide crosshairs along cloud path...
Revision cloud finished
The maximum arc length cannot be set to more than three times the minimum arc length.
Object(CHECK BY ZOOMING)
Specifies an object to be converted to a revision cloud.
Select object: Select the closed object to convert to a revision cloud
Reverse direction [Yes/No]: Enter y to reverse the direction of the arcs in the revision cloud, or
press ENTER to leave the arcs as is
Revision cloud finished
Style
Specifies the style of the revision cloud.
Select arc style [Normal/Calligraphy] <default/last>: Select the style for the revision cloud
BO-(BOUNDARY)

Regions are two-dimensional enclosed areas that have physical properties such as centroids
or centers of mass. You can combine existing regions into a single, complex region to
calculate area.
Regions are two-dimensional enclosed areas you create from objects that form closed loops.
Loops can be combinations of lines, polylines, circles, arcs, ellipses, elliptical arcs, and
splines. The objects that make up the loops must either be closed or form closed areas by
sharing endpoints with other objects.
Regions can be used for

Applying hatching and shading

Analyzing properties, such as area, using MASSPROP

Extracting design information, such as the centroid

You can create regions out of multiple loops and out of open curves whose endpoints are
connected and form loops. You cannot form regions from open objects that intersect to form
a closed area: for example, intersecting arcs or self-intersecting curves.

BOUNDRY RETAINS THE ORIGINAL OBJECTS.BUT REGION


DOESNT,REGION CONVERTS THE ORIGINAL OBJECTS INTO
REGIONS.BOUNDARY CONVERTS THE CLOSED AREA FORMED INTO A
POLYLINE BUT REGION DOESNT.
REG-(REGION)
Regions are two-dimensional areas you create from closed shapes or loops. Closed polylines,
lines, and curves are valid selections. Curves include circular arcs, circles, elliptical arcs,
ellipses, and splines.
Closed 2D and exploded planar 3D polylines in the selection set are converted to separate
regions and then converts polylines, lines, and curves to form closed planar loops (outer
boundaries and holes of a region). If more than two curves share an endpoint, the resulting region
might be arbitrary.

The boundary of the region consists of end-connected curves where each point shares only two
edges. All intersections and self-intersecting curves are rejected.
If a selected polyline has been smoothed by either the Spline or Fit option of PEDIT, the resulting
region contains the line or arc geometry of the smoothed polyline. The polyline is not converted
to a spline object.
REGION deletes the original objects after converting them to regions unless the system variable
DELOBJ is set to 0. If the original objects were hatched, hatch associativity is lost. To restore
associativity, rehatch the region.