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# THE INSTITUTE OF ENGINEERS-SRI LANI(A

## Engineering certificate course Stage 1 Examination-November 2012

Engineering Mathematics

FM

Question

Questions

only

## (a)Solve for the matr ix ,,r'

I o
[:a' * [(z s))))' : oo
(

(b)If A and AB are invertible matrices and B is a square matrix, solve the equation

(AB)-' = 2A-r

for B

## and deduce that B is also invertible.

(c) If B is an mxk matrix, show that the matrix BrB is a kxk symmetric matrix.
(d) use elementary row operations to find inverse of the following matrix A.

(t 2
tt
A=12 3

3\
0l

[o t2)

Question 2
consider the system of iinear equations Ax

:b

constants:

(t 2 o)
rtttttI
A=ls

(x\

rlx--lvl

[r -r 1) [rJ

(2\

u=lzl

[u.]
A, lAl.

## (b) Determine for which values of ), and p this system has:

(i)

a unique

solution

(ii) no solutions

## (iii) inflnitely many solutions.

In case (i), use Cramer's rule to find the value of z in terms of )" and p. In case (iii), solve the
system using row operations and express the solution in vector form, x:a*tb where a and b are
column matrices of 3x1 and t is a parameter.

M"*^,u;

Question 3
(a) If 21 and Zz are two complex numbers, show that
(b)Show that (cos 0 + i sin 0)' = (cos 20 + i sin 20)
Hence

work

, una +) = (2,)*,-(2.)*r
l+l=fl
,u,*
lz,l lz,l' I\2,

(cos 0 + i sin 0)3 in polar form. Can you generalize this result?

## (c) Find the division of following complex numbers.

(1

(3

z)4

4i)3

Question 4
(a) Given that y =

x3lnx

d'Y d'Y
dx dx'' dx'

/::\ lrnd
r , "' .---:(tt)

dY

(ii) Find the Taylor series expansion of y = x' ln x in ascending powers of (x - 1 ) up to and
including the term in (x * 1)3.
(b) The function f is given, for some number a, by f (x, y) =2xy + xuy'u

## (i) Find, in terms of x, y and a,the partial derivatives

(ii) Now suppose that we know that f satisfies Z*'

* ,* , # ,#

rr,
*Ax' ,'' **
Ayt

= 36xy.

Question 5

xy+y2-*y+=o
dx

## (b) Find the general solution of the ODE

vt)f

dvxvt-,
:*-==f/l+X_.
dx 1+x'
What is the particular solution if y(0)

1?

,,

(c) Use the substitution w(t) = y/ (t) to show that the ODE

## d'y _1dy __..

J'

dt' t dt

can be written as a linear ODE in terms of w(t). Solve this linear ODE for w(t) and hence find the
general solution of the original ODE.

Question 6
Consider the function given by f(x)
(a) Show that the curve y

3x5-25x3+60x.

## f(x) has only one x-intercept and find it.

(b) Find the stationary points of this function and classify them.

f(x).

## (d) If the domain of f is restricted to values of x such that-2<x< 2, identify the

global maximum and the global minimum of the function f(x).
(e)What are the global maximum and the global minimum of the function if the
domain of f is restricted to values of x such that-3< x< 3?

Question 7

## (a)A function f(x) is defined

when

[,.

as

0<x<1

f(x)={2
when x=1
l.** 1 for 1<x<2

Find the point (x) of the disconti nuity of the function and draw its graph.

'=

(i) Lim.--

*x

(ii) Lim.-r

1,*-

## (c)Ify=,fr;sin-r x, prove that (l - *' ,:l

By applying Leibnitz's theorem, show thar (l

xslnx

= xy + L

*,)##

- (2n +,,,

)4
17/,"

- *, 4I!.

=g

l\
{-

Question 8

## (a) Prove that the lines

*-'= Y*l
' ,: 2 -3 =1119un6
8 -

'L1

L2

## 7!-1= Y*3 -z+l

1 -4 7

are

coplanar and find also their point of intersection and the equation of the plane containing them.

of

32-2

## and parallel to the

,. x+l = v-l
' ' : z+2 . Hence or otherwise find the shortest distance between the lines.
2 ^ : -----End of the paper-------------

line

v
zxk'