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NOT MEASUREMENT
SENSITIVE
MIL-STD-881C
3 October 2011
SUPERSEDING
MIL-HDBK-881A
30 July 2005
MIL-STD-881B
25 March 1993

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
STANDARD PRACTICE
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURES
FOR DEFENSE MATERIEL ITEMS

Reinstated after 3 October 2011 and may be used for new and existing designs and acquisitions.

AMSC 9213

AREA MISC

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MIL-STD-881C

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MIL-STD-881C

FOREWORD
1.

This Standard is approved for use by all Departments and Agencies of the Department of Defense (DoD).
It is for direction and should be included as a contract requirement.

2.

This Standard addresses mandatory procedures for all programs subject to DoD Instruction 5000.02.

3.

This military standard is applicable to all defense materiel items (or major modifications) (a) established as
an integral program element of the Future Years Defense Program (FYDP), or (b) otherwise designated by
the DoD Component or the Under Secretary of Defense (Acquisition). This Standard is mandatory for all
Acquisition Category (ACAT) I, II, and III programs.

4.

A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) provides a consistent and visible framework for defense materiel
items and contracts within a program. This Standard offers uniformity in definition and consistency of
approach for developing all levels of the WBS. Generating and applying uniform work breakdown
structures improves communication in the acquisition process. It also provides direction to industry in
extending contract work breakdown structures.

5.

This Standard supersedes MIL-HDBK-881A, dated 30 July 2005 and MIL-STD-881B, dated 25 March
1993 entitled Work Breakdown Structures for Defense Materiel Items. MIL-STD-881C is based on the
cooperative efforts of the military services with assistance from industrial associations. Changes to the
Standard specifically address advances in technology and modifications of the acquisition process, and
incorporates new materiel items, developmental concepts, and approaches.

6.

Comments (such as recommendations, additions, or deletions) and any pertinent information, which may be
useful in improving this document, should be addressed to the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense
for Acquisition, Performance Assessments and Root Cause Analysis (OASD(A))/PARCA, 3620 Defense
Pentagon, RM 5A 1082, Washington DC 20301-3620. Since contact information can change, you may
want to verify the currency of this address information using the ASSIST online database at
https://assist.daps.dla.mil.

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MIL-STD-881C

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MIL-STD-881C

Contents
PARAGRAPH

PAGE

FOREWORD ................................................................................................................................................................... i
1. GENERAL INFORMATION
1.1
Standard Purpose and Structure......................................................................................................................... 1
1.2
Support Documentation ..................................................................................................................................... 1
1.3
What Does a WBS Accomplish? ....................................................................................................................... 1
1.3.1
Applications ...................................................................................................................................................... 2
1.3.2
Benefits ............................................................................................................................................................ 3
1.3.3
Challenges ......................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.4
How is the WBS Related to Other Contract Requirements? ............................................................................. 3
1.5
Definitions ......................................................................................................................................................... 3
1.5.1
Program Element (PE)....................................................................................................................................... 3
1.5.2
Defense Materiel Item ....................................................................................................................................... 4
1.5.3
Work Breakdown Structure (WBS)................................................................................................................... 4
1.5.4
Common Elements ............................................................................................................................................ 4
1.5.5
Level Identification ........................................................................................................................................... 6
1.5.6
Program WBS ................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.5.7
Contract WBS ................................................................................................................................................... 6
1.5.8
Subcontract WBS .............................................................................................................................................. 6
1.6
WBS Evolution ................................................................................................................................................. 6
2. GOVERNMENT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT INSTRUCTIONS
2.1
Program WBS Attributes................................................................................................................................... 8
2.2
Preparing a Program WBS ................................................................................................................................ 8
2.2.1
Developing and Documenting a Program WBS ................................................................................................ 8
2.2.2
Selecting Program WBS Elements .................................................................................................................... 9
2.2.3
Determining Levels of Program WBS............................................................................................................... 9
2.2.4
Creating the WBS Dictionary ............................................................................................................................ 14
2.2.5
Avoiding Pitfalls in Constructing a WBS.......................................................................................................... 14
2.2.5.1 Requirement for WBS Element Exclusions ..................................................................................................... 15
2.2.5.2 Additional Considerations ................................................................................................................................. 15
2.3
Solicitation and Proposal ................................................................................................................................... 16
2.3.1
Contractor Management Control System .......................................................................................................... 16
2.3.2
Acquisition Logistics ......................................................................................................................................... 16
2.3.3
Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution (PPBE) System ................................................................ 16
2.3.4
Life-Cycle Cost ................................................................................................................................................. 16
2.3.5
Procurement ...................................................................................................................................................... 16
2.3.6
Reporting ........................................................................................................................................................... 16
2.4
Contract Statement of Work (SOW) ................................................................................................................. 16

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...................2........... 28 5................ 17 2.......................2.........................................1 ―Other‖ WBS Elements ....... 17 3......................4 Support for Management Activities .....................................................................2..................................................................2 Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) ....... 22 3............................................................ Schedule.................................................................................................2 Cost Estimating .................................... 24 3.............6 Integrated Cost...................................... 22 3...1 Preparing a Preliminary Contract WBS ............1 Earned Value Management ............................................................ IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTRACT WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE 4......5.......................... 17 3................4......................................................................................everyspec..........................................................................................2 Reporting Relationships .........1 System of Systems (SoS) ........................3 Numbering of the WBS ...............................................................4 Software and Software Intensive Systems .....4 Subject Term (key word) Listing .......3 Intelligence Requirements and Related Costs ...................................5......................4.............................................................2 Programmatic Issues in WBS Development ........................................................Downloaded from http://www..............5................................................1 Relationship of Program WBS to Contract WBS ....................................................................................................................................... 22 3..................................................................................................................3 Supersession Data ............................................................... 27 5..............................3 IMP/IMS Linkage ........1 Developing the Contract WBS .................2 Family of Systems .............3 Contractor’s Organizational Structure ................4 Control Account Level ......................................1........................ 26 4..................................1 Automated Information Systems (AIS) ..........2............................................ 17 2.......................5. 22 3.............................................2 Software Operating on Specific Equipment ... 28 5....... 25 4............................. 25 4.....................................1................................................................................................ 21 3..............5............................ 29 iv .............................................. 25 4.....2 RFP Solicitation Requirements ........................................................2 Associated Data Item Descriptions ..............4................................................................................. 17 3...........2........................2 Subcontractors .............................................................................. and Technical Performance and Risk Management .......1.........................................5 Request for Proposals (RFP) ..............................................3 Visibility into Software Development Processes ..............................................................com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.. 17 2.................................................................................................................................................. 21 3..............2.....4.......................3 Extended Contract WBS .................5 Changes from Previous Issue ....................................................2...................................2..........................................................................................................4.................................................................................1 Integrated Master Plan (IMP) ...................................................2...................................................................2...................... 25 4...............2.......... 26 4........... 27 4.5 Summary ........................................... 23 3.................................................5.............. 18 3.....................................................................................................................................................4............................2............................................................ 24 3.. 27 4......................................................... NOTES SECTION 5....6 Use of Common Elements ..................................................................................2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions ................. 17 2........................................1. 27 5.........................3........................................................ 23 3..........................................................................................5 Integrated Master Plan and Integrated Master Schedule (IMP/IMS) ................................................................................1 Contract Award and Contract WBS Approval ......................... 23 3............. 26 4..... MIL-STD-881C PARAGRAPH PAGE 2..................................................................................3.. 21 3.................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 26 4............................. 28 5........................ 19 3...........................................1 Intended Use ............................ CONTRACTOR INSTRUCTIONS 3......................................3 Contract Funds Status ............................................................................ 19 3.......................

............... 88 F Space Systems WBS and Definitions .................................................................... 14 9................................................................................................. 24 15.........................................................................................everyspec...... 7 2...................... Linkage Between Contractor WBS and Contractor Management Systems ........................ 154 I Unmanned Maritime Systems WBS and Definitions ................................... 212 L Common Elements WBS and Definitions........ The Defense Acquisition Management Framework........................................................... Relationship of Contract WBS to Subcontract WBS ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Capability Requirements in the Materiel Solution Analysis Phase ............................................................... Program WBS Description ...................................................................... 143 H Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems WBS and Definitions .........................Downloaded from http://www..................................... The WBS is the Basis for DoD Reporting Requirements ................................................................................. 10 5... 19 11.............................. MIL-STD-881C PARAGRAPH PAGE FIGURE 1..................................................................................... 95 G Surface Vehicle Systems WBS and Definitions ...... 54 D Ordnance Systems WBS and Definitions ....................................................................... 12 7........................................................................................................................................................................... Example of System Configuration Documentation ............................................ 20 12...................................................... 9 4........................ Relationship of IMP/IMS to WBS ...................... 221 CONCLUDING MATERIAL ............................................................................................................ 46 C Missile Systems WBS and Definitions ............ 23 14....................................................... Identification of Major Subsystems and Functional Requirements ...................................................................................................................................................... 21 13............... 243 v .......................................................................................................................................... EMD Requirements ....................................................................................................................... Translation from Function to Product .................................................................................................. 18 10....................................................................... 72 E Sea Systems WBS and Definitions ................................................. 8 3........... 171 J Launch Vehicle Systems WBS and Definitions ............................................................................. IPT Intersection with Contract WBS ................................................................................ 26 APPENDICES A Aircraft Systems WBS and Definitions .................... Work Breakdown Structure Matrix (Contract WBS).................................................................... WBS Evolution ..... 11 6.................................................................. 196 K Automated Information Systems WBS and Definitions .............................. 30 B Electronic Systems WBS and Definitions.................................................................... Relationship of Program WBS to Contract WBS ..................................... 13 8................................................................com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14...........................

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Benefits and Challenges with regard to the WBS. The instruction sets the requirements for Integrated Master Schedules (IMS). This Standard also provides WBS definitions for specific defense materiel commodity systems in Appendices A through K. and risk information. In addition. The Program WBS and Contract WBS aid in documenting the work effort necessary to produce and maintain architectural products in a system life cycle. The evolution of the system through incremental development further drives the requirement to breakdown the system in a structure that clarifies which capabilities will be satisfied in a specific increment of the system development. Section 2 provides instructions on how the WBS is applied as well as how to develop a Program WBS in the pre-award timeframe. schedule. and contractual). Section 3 provides direction for developing and implementing a Contract WBS and Section 4 examines the role of the WBS in the post-award timeframe.3 What Does a WBS Accomplish? The following three sub-paragraphs will discuss Applications. 1. These documents identify responsibilities in the acquisition process from the Office of the Secretary of Defense to the DoD component field activities. The WBS can also facilitate the required technical rigor and integrated test and evaluation throughout the defense acquisition process. presentation. schedule.02 ―Operation of the Defense Acquisition System‖ further outlines the required framework and provides impetus for use of a WBS.1 Standard Purpose and Structure. The DoD Architecture Framework (DoDAF) (current version) defines a common approach for DoD architecture description development. and presenting a Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). This Standard presents direction for effectively preparing. which directly supports the DoD acquisition process and hence has WBS implications. 1. the purpose of the Chairman of the Joint Chief of Staff Instruction (CJCSI) 3170. DoD Directive 5000. which is required to be developed prior to all milestone decisions for all Acquisition Category (ACAT) programs. Discussion and direction was compiled based on many years of lessons learned in employing WBSs on defense programs. schedule.‖ The WBS is a critical tool in ensuring all portions of the program are covered. The foundation for a WBS is contained in DoD Directive 5000. regulatory.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and contract reporting information and milestone requirements in which the WBS is a critical element.01 and DoD Instruction 5000. Preparing a WBS is generally discussed in the context of planning and monitoring a defense system program. cost.everyspec. The WBS is also a critical link to the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP).01 ―The Defense Acquisition System‖ requires a disciplined approach in establishing program goals over its life cycle with streamlined and effective management that ―is accountable for credible cost. GENERAL INFORMATION 1. risk.Downloaded from http://www. Earned Value Management (EVM) and other statutory. DoD Instruction 5000. The primary objective of this Standard is to achieve a consistent application of the WBS for all programmatic needs (including performance. and performance reporting. Guidelines for the SEP are included in the SEP Annotated Outline (current version). MIL-STD-881C 1.01 (current version) (in concert with the Manual for the Operation of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System (JCIDS) (current version) is to establish the policies and procedures of the JCIDS. It provides the framework for Department of Defense (DoD) Program Managers to define their program’s WBS and also to defense contractors in their application and extension of the contract’s WBS.2 Support Documentation. The Defense Acquisition Guidebook (DAG) is a source of best practices and includes numerous references to the use of a WBS.02. Appendix L addresses WBS elements that are common to all systems. and integration for warfighting operations and business operations and processes. 1 . understanding. The WBS will also facilitate the required collaboration within the Integrated Product Team (IPT) structure by providing a tie between performance. cost. Section 1 defines and describes the WBS. budget.

The contract WBS is the Government approved WBS for program reporting purposes and includes all program elements (for example.5 and complete definitions of each are included as Appendices A through L. However. The WBS applies to the specific categories of defense materiel items listed below. and current status of the individual elements. developed.1 Applications. The goal is to develop a WBS that defines the logical relationship among all program elements to a specific level (typically Level 3 or 4) of indenture that does not constrain the contractor’s ability to define or manage the program and resources. produced. Having actual historical data to support cost estimates of similar defense materiel items is a valuable resource. actual. and maintained throughout the system life cycle based on a disciplined application of the systems engineering process. software. Unmanned Air Vehicle Systems 2 . Ordnance Systems e. Electronic Systems c. and the need for data should not distort or hinder the program definition. and Government Testing). product-oriented elements and includes ―other Government‖ elements (for example. It includes the contractor’s discretionary extension to lower levels. the primary purpose of the WBS is to define the program’s structure. Surface Vehicle Systems h. This Standard addresses two fundamental and interrelated WBS structures: (1) the Program WBS and (2) the Contract WBS (including flow-down reporting requirements). A secondary.everyspec. and risk management. the WBS allows for program status to be continuously visible so the program manager and the contractor can identify. It represents the entire program from the Government Program Manager’s responsibility. the WBS serves as a coordinating medium. hardware. in accordance with Government direction and the contract Statement of Work (SOW). Aircraft Systems b. EVM. schedule. this is reasonable if the product-oriented logical extension is maintained. However. for supporting the required event-based technical reviews. Manpower. cost. a. The WBS is the infrastructure to summarize data for successive levels of management and provide appropriate information on projected. cost estimating.3. Performance. The WBS is defined. and technical data are routinely generated for reporting purposes. The contractor should extend all other elements to the level and form based on the way the system is developed. integrated scheduling. services. Government Furnished Equipment (GFE). Each WBS element provides logical summary levels for assessing technical accomplishments. which are the contractor’s responsibility. Further. Space Systems g. is to provide a systematic and standardized method for gathering cost data across all programs. The Program WBS provides a framework for specifying program objectives. the system may be defined to a lower level of the WBS. MIL-STD-881C 1. The WBS defines the program in terms of hierarchically-related. if the Government considers some program elements to be high-cost or high-risk. When appropriately structured and used in conjunction with systems engineering principles. Missile Systems d.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Sea Systems f. data. Program Office Operations. Through the Program WBS and the Contract WBS. or managed.Downloaded from http://www. and for measuring cost and schedule performance. or facilities). These are further discussed in 1. and implement changes necessary for desired results. but still important goal. coordinate. work progress is documented as resources are allocated and expended.

and the need for data should not distort or hinder the program definition. Using available data to build historic files to aid in the future development of similar defense materiel items is a very valuable resource. 1. c. The program element is the basic building block of the Future Years Defense Program (FYDP). cost estimating.5. b. Provides a common thread for the Earned Value Management System (EVMS). Helps ensure that contractors are not unnecessarily constrained in meeting item requirements. Facilitates effective planning and assignment of management and technical responsibilities. the Integrated Master Plan (IMP) and the IMS. Unmanned Maritime Systems j. However. the contract WBS elements provide a structure for collecting costs and assessing performance. The IMS is tied to the IMP and serves as a tool for time phasing work and assessing technical performance. A WBS should be sufficient to provide necessary program insights for effective status reporting and risk mitigation. budgeting. technical performance. Automated Information Systems l. 1.3 Challenges. Common Elements 1. configuration management. MIL-STD-881C i. Schedule activities in the IMS are traceable to the IMP and contract WBS elements used in EVMS. the primary purpose of the WBS is to define the program’s structure. and Contract Funds Status Reports (CFSR).1 Program Element (PE). and associated risks. allowing consistency in understanding program cost and schedule performance. and performance reporting disciplines.2 Benefits. risks.Downloaded from http://www. and cost/schedule/technical performance. The WBS assists in several ways during the program life cycle: a. allowing commonality for integrated program assessment of cost. d.everyspec. The WBS forms the basis of reporting structures used for contracts requiring compliance with ANSI/EIA 748 EVMS Guidelines and reports placed on contract such as Cost and Software Data Reporting (CSDR). The IMP is the contractor’s event-driven plan that documents the significant accomplishments necessary to complete the work and ties each accomplishment to a key program event. contracting. clarifying the relationship among the parts. and the relationship of the tasks to be completed both to each other and to the end product. facilitating the contractor’s ability to effectively execute the program.3. Aids status tracking of technical efforts.4 How is the WBS Related to Other Contract Requirements? The WBS provides a basis for effective communication throughout the acquisition process. Segregates a defense materiel item into its component parts. e. schedule. The following definitions are intended to improve continuity and support a common understanding of program expectations. As part of EVMS. The primary challenge is to develop a WBS that defines the logical relationship between all program elements without constraining work necessary to achieve program objectives and meets all program reporting requirements. A secondary challenge is to balance the program definition aspects of the WBS with its data-generating aspects. expenditures.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 1.3. Launch Vehicle Systems k. It is a common link. The contract WBS includes the breakdown of work into small enough entities that can be analyzed and assessed. resource allocations. Contract Performance Reports (CPR). which integrates planning.5 Definitions. scheduling. 1. The PE describes the program mission and identifies the organization responsible for 3 . It permits the Government and Industry managers to continually evaluate progress in terms of contract performance.

software. In other words. Peculiar support equipment h. Appendix L also contains sections for unique application for the following: a. and supplies of a military force or other organization. to be developed and/or produced. In this case.4 – Space Systems 4 . the WBS is an organized method to breakdown a product into sub-products at lower levels of detail. The term ―Common Elements‖ refers to the elements listed below that are applicable to all major systems and subsystems as required: a. 1. It relates the elements of work to be accomplished to each other and to the end product. The family tree results from systems engineering efforts during the acquisition of a defense materiel item.2 Defense Materiel Item.Downloaded from http://www. services and associated costs. assembly. c. This is particularly true of items identified as high-cost. Operational and site activation j. This term refers to equipment. A product-oriented family tree composed of hardware. This term is defined as: a.5. Integration. A WBS can be expressed to any level of detail. services. Systems engineering c.4 Common Elements. b. as applicable. it is critical to define the product at a lower level of WBS detail. or high technical interest. Training f. The WBS should be defined at the level necessary to identify work progress and enable effective management. Under these circumstances. effective management of complex programs requires WBS definition at considerably lower levels. materiel (both real and personal property). A WBS displays and defines the product. regardless of the WBS level reported to program oversight. or products. It identifies a system or item usually established as an integral PE or identified as a project within an aggregated PE. Initial spares and repair parts These common elements are described in further detail in Appendix L. and facilities. Data g. While the top three levels are the minimum required for reporting purposes on any program or contract.everyspec. manpower.5. 1.5.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Program management d. and checkout b. high-risk. 1.3 Work Breakdown Structure (WBS). Common support equipment i. managers should distinguish between WBS definition and WBS reporting. A PE may consist of forces. System test and evaluation e. Common Elements L. apparatus. data. Industrial facilities k. test. MIL-STD-881C performing the mission.

f. delivering. systems. and pyrotechnic) and the means of launching or firing them. weapons. or other electronic information handling systems. software. such as communication. Sea System – Applies to surface and submersible ship platforms. operation. Common Elements L.everyspec. For manned. and associated equipment. additional elements are required. Included is Enterprise Resource Planning systems (ERPs). and maintaining space vehicles in specific orbit placement.5 – Launch Vehicle Systems c. Space Systems is specifically written to cover unmanned earth orbiting satellites. and maintaining launch vehicles. c. delivering. firmware. processor. and equipment required for performing naval tasks at sea. which defines the capability or end product of that system. radar. which produces a destructive effect on selected targets. biological. Missile System – Applies to a missile in an operational environment. and to recovering unmanned space systems. MIL-STD-881C b. Ordnance System – Applies to all munitions (nuclear. a glider) guided flight b. electronic warfare. Launch Vehicle System – Applies to developing. Electronic System – Applies to electronic system capability (for example. and equipment required to perform naval tasks at sea. Surface Vehicle System – Applies to tracked. d. Unmanned Air Vehicle System – Applies to fixed or movable wing. each defense system has a unique combination of hardware and software.6 – Automated Information System In addition to these common elements. recoverable. and interplanetary systems. etc. Unmanned Maritime System – Applies to unmanned surface and submersible ship platforms. e. Aircraft System – Applies to fixed or movable wing. weapons. systems. Management Information Systems (MIS). processing. psychological. delivering and maintaining an assembly of computer hardware. or compound wing unmanned air vehicles designed for powered or unpowered (glider) guided flight. and storage of information.Downloaded from http://www.). g. chemical. i. Common Elements L. 5 . or any combination of these. or compound wing manned air vehicles designed for powered or unpowered (for example. k. Space System – Applies to developing. j. wheeled and amphibious vehicles that navigate over the surface and water. Automated Information System – Applies to developing. h. a. radio. rotary wing. networks. NOTE: Appendix F. rotary wing. configured to accomplish specific information-handling operations.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.

5. project or subprogram. c.6 Program WBS. software and services.Downloaded from http://www. Program Office Operations. It defines at a high level what is to be procured and consists of at least three program levels with associated definitions. which are considered high-cost. Lower level elements follow the same process. Government Testing). an air vehicle of a missile or aircraft system. It contains uniform terminology. navigation or guidance system. which are defined by the contractor and are their responsibility.6 WBS Evolution. d. system test and system test and evaluation.5 Level Identification. a. systems engineering leads the system development process. For example. a communications system. 1. the radar data processor of the fire control radar. and services. systems engineering. the DoD program manager can better understand and identify the WBS structure that is appropriate for the program. functional analysis and allocation. The important factor is satisfying total systems cost. which include all hardware and software elements. Level 4 elements follow the same process of breakdown and are elements subordinate to Level 3 and represent a further definition of the hardware.5. Some appendices specify a fourth or fifth level. Level 2 elements are the major elements subordinate to the Level 1 major elements. high-risk or high technical interest. and controls. a radar system.5. The Program WBS encompasses an entire program. services. or program management) and data. 1. or a set of configuration items through requirements analysis. for example. a program element. a sensor system. This comprehensive Subcontract WBS forms the framework for the subcontractor’s management control system. Level 2 elements also include aggregations of systemlevel services (for example. The subcontract WBS is the complete WBS as included in the DoD approved subcontract plan and WBS extended to the agreed to contract reporting level and any discretionary extension to lower levels for reporting which are considered high-cost. This function includes developing system specifications. or the Developmental Test and Evaluation (DT&E) subordinate element of System Test and Evaluation.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Only the Level 1 of the Subcontract WBS should be included in the Contract WBS. and placement in the product-oriented family tree structure.5. an electronic system. 1. Throughout any system’s life cycle.everyspec. b. high-risk or high technical interest. For example. The prime contractor should report the subcontract costs in summary on the remaining WBS elements. Level 3 elements are elements subordinate to Level 2 major elements and include hardware. Figure 1 below provides an illustration of the system life cycle. This comprehensive Contract WBS forms the framework for the contractor’s management control system. 6 . or the technical publications element of Technical Data. MIL-STD-881C 1. The Contract WBS is the complete WBS as included in the DoD-approved Program WBS extended to the agreed-to contract reporting level and any discretionary extensions to lower levels for reporting. software. An ―electronic system‖ might be a command and control system. including the Contract WBS and ―other Government‖ elements (for example. 1. software. and performance requirements at an acceptable level of risk. At least the top three levels are specified in each WBS. or electronic warfare system. synthesis and systems analysis. for example. major subsystems of the radar data processor. It defines these lower level components as to what is to be procured and includes all the product elements (hardware. Government Furnished Equipment (GFE). Manpower. It defines these lower level components as to what is to be subcontracted and includes all the WBS elements which are defined by the subcontractor and are their responsibility. definitions. schedule. As the system is defined and developed. The Program WBS is used by the Government program manager and contractor to develop and extend a contract WBS. The elements in the Subcontract WBS should not be duplicated in the Contract WBS. These major elements are prime mission products.8 Subcontract WBS.7 Contract WBS. functional specifications. data or facilities). Level 1 is the entire system and/or program.

MIL-STD-881C FIGURE 1. The Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) establishes conditions for the scope of alternatives to be considered in an Analysis of Alternatives (AoA). schedule. by the end of EMD. This means that the program WBS needs to be defined with its associated contract WBS prior to Milestone B.Downloaded from http://www.everyspec. the extended Contract WBS forms a complete WBS. 7 . The purpose of this phase is to pursue a materiel solution to an identified capability gap that meets an established capability need (such as an Information Technology system. the establishment of the product baseline for all configuration items requires that production-representative articles be demonstrated in their intended environment and that manufacturing processes have been effectively demonstrated prior to Milestone C. incremental improvement to an existing capability. and in many cases to initiate traceable requirements flow down to complete a preliminary design for the full requirement/full system. Throughout the Materiel Solution Analysis phase into the Technology Development (TD) phase. Figure 2 below displays this process. The AoA process plays a key role in the selection of a preferred system solution that satisfies the capability need documented in the approved ICD. When integrated with the Program WBS. The Defense Acquisition Management Framework The Materiel Development Decision (MDD) is the formal entry into the Materiel Solution Analysis phase and the acquisition process. The purpose of the TD phase is to reduce technology risk. which best represents the entire system. The WBS will be developed and maintained based on the systems engineering efforts throughout the system’s life cycle. Just as the system is defined and developed throughout its life cycle. and performance criteria. These activities form the more detailed development of the WBS. Hence. By the end of the EMD phase. the WBS is defined at its lowest levels. Throughout the AoA process.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. or an entirely new "breakout" or other transformational capability). so is the WBS. the contractor and the Government will then agree to an extension of the Contract WBS to appropriate lower levels. and the baseline for measuring cost. Program offices planning a Preliminary Design Review (PDR) in the TD phase should have a welldocumented and defined WBS and associated development schedules. a WBS is the key communication tool to establish life cycle cost estimates. demonstrate critical technologies on representative prototypes. the program WBS provides the basis for the system to be broken into its component parts and support the definition of a the contract WBS. After the Program WBS has been approved (through the CSDR process). It is essential that both the Government and the contractor can agree on a fully defined WBS at PDR and future Engineering and Manufacturing Development (EMD) activities. the potential solution structure. and is mandatory for all programs. to better define the complete contract scope. determine the appropriate set of technologies to be integrated into a full system. which will be used throughout the program’s life cycle.

1 Program WBS Attributes. data.2 Preparing a Program WBS.everyspec. Its elements must represent identifiable work products. A WBS is a product structure—not an organizational structure—which provides the complete definition of the work to be performed by all participants and the required interfaces between them. GOVERNMENT PROGRAM MANAGEMENT INSTRUCTIONS 2. tailoring may occur when a unique requirement exists. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS element is not needed. MIL-STD-881C MATERIEL SOLUTION ANALYSIS PROPOSED PROGRAM WBS(s) TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT APPROVED/ PROPOSED PROGRAM WBS #1 CONTRACT PRELIMINARY WBS #2 CONTRACT PRELIMINARY WBS ENGINEERING AND MANUFACTURING DEVELOPMENT APPROVED/ UPDATED PROGRAM WBS #1 CONTRACT WBS AND EXTENSION #2 CONTRACT WBS AND EXTENSION OTHER CONTRACT(s) IF ANY OTHER CONTRACT(s) IF ANY PRE-SYSTEMS ACQUISITION PRODUCTION AND DEPLOYMENT APPROVED PROGRAM WBS #1 CONTRACT WBS AND EXTENSION #2 CONTRACT WBS AND EXTENSION OTHER CONTRACT(s) IF ANY SYSTEMS ACQUISITION FIGURE 2. In order to use the Program WBS as a valuable framework for communicating the technical objectives. WBS Evolution 2. as long as the integrity of the level of placement is maintained.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. or related service products. element (product) levels that are restricted for unique requirements (products) that have not been envisioned or do not exist within the defined WBS elements in the Appendices. most appendices contain WBS elements designated as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. The Program WBS is intended to structurally illustrate a clear understanding of the technical objectives and the end item(s) or end product(s) of the work to be performed by both Government and contract entities. 2. any item from any appendix which is applicable to the program may be used. As a result. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and their representative contracting officer.1 Developing and Documenting a Program WBS. this element should be deleted and not used in the WBS. 2. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. The government program manager is responsible for maintaining the Program WBS as it develops through systems engineering and management planning processes.2. whether they are equipment. the WBS element designated as ―Other‖ should be used. although each appendix relates to a specific category of defense items. When a unique requirement exists. The WBS may span one or more of the categories or elements defined in Appendices A-K. it must be product oriented. In addition. the element must be specified and defined and the word ―Other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element. 8 . While these elements normally provide a basis for the Program or Contract WBS.Downloaded from http://www.

2. MATERIEL SOLUTION ANALYSIS KILLTANK KILLTANK DETECT DETECT USER NEED LEVEL . systems engineers define the description of the system and its related levels.everyspec. The Program WBS is not formed around these functional capabilities. in accordance with DOD 5000. and shoot (see Figure 3). the Statement of Work (SOW). all meeting the mission need of ―Kill Tank. the WBS. and support the system through fielding. maneuver. For example. functional design criteria. The levels of the Program WBS must be related to the system requirements and conform to the product-oriented family tree. Early in the Materiel Solution Analysis phase. technical performance requirements. In this case. The documentation will describe the entire plan to build. Hence the WBS should include only those WBS elements which are part of the logical decomposition of the system.‖ The objective is clear and achievable through numerous capabilities. field. Each element of the WBS provides logical summary points for assessing technical accomplishments and for measuring the cost and schedule performance accomplished in attaining the specified technical performance. 2. MIL-STD-881C The Program and Contract WBS should always represent the system that is being developed and/or procured. This relationship allows all items to be traced to the same WBS elements.3 Determining Levels of Program WBS. suppose the established need is to ―Kill a Tank. The Program WBS will guide development early in the program’s life cycle. and the scope of work is determined for each WBS element.2. Capability Requirements in the Materiel Solution Analysis Phase When the TD phase is initiated.04-M-1 CSDR Manual.0 SHOOT SHOOT MANEUVER MANEUVER SYSTEM NEED LEVEL . The WBS provides a framework for specifying the program objectives by first defining the program in terms of hierarchically related.1 FIGURE 3. By following the Acquisition Management Framework (see Figure 1). Ultimately. Therefore.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and other technical documentation. Resources. and performance. systems engineering efforts transform operational needs to system performance parameters and configurations.Downloaded from http://www. materials. It will evolve through iterative analysis of the program objective. but is developed out of the products that are expected to satisfy these requirements. and processes required for attaining the objectives are added incrementally. The detailed technical objectives are defined. the linkage between the requirements specification. Thus. program scope. tasks are assigned to each WBS element. Then.2 Selecting Program WBS Elements. Systems engineers perform tradeoffs. product-oriented elements and the work processes required for their completion. the WBS should not be expanded to include all elements identified in an appendix but should only include only those that truly represent the system being developed and/or procured. and the Integrated Master Plan (IMP) provides specific insights into the relationship between cost. the Integrated Master Schedule (IMS). when developing a Program WBS. the systems that will ―Kill Tank‖ must be able to detect. 2. The CSDR plan describes the Program WBS to be used and defines the approach the Government activity plans to use for collecting cost data. Functional requirements are assigned under a system. the Program WBS is approved through the CSDR plan. schedule.‖ If Government laboratories or in-house engineering support is accomplishing this 9 . the systems engineering development efforts will focus on technology requirements to meet system-level capabilities. which ultimately define the preliminary system-level capabilities.

Once the system concept is determined. track. In practice. 10 . FIGURE 4. The fire control system is functionally able to detect. As an example. then major subsystems and configuration items can be identified and lower level functions defined. Aircraft Systems WBS and Definitions. this may have already been accomplished at the end of Materiel Solution Analysis phase to obtain contractual support for the TD phase. Otherwise. using the AoA process determined that a fire control system of an aircraft would be the best solution to meet the user need. and fire (see Figure 4). The WBS now defines the solution to the problem in terms of a product. Figure 5 shows a simplified representation of the hierarchical relationship of the Aircraft System to the Fire Control Subsystem and to other elements. Again. The resulting Program WBS should be defined in accordance with Appendix A. MIL-STD-881C work. The TD phase should describe the system and the configuration items that make up the system.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Identification of Major Subsystems and Functional Requirements The relationship of the functions shown in this example can now be translated into products that will meet the user’s requirement. aim. so that lower level system elements can be created.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www. these are not WBS elements since they do not reflect a product. a statement of work (SOW) may be prepared for a request for support in the TD phase. this WBS will be developed on the most refined technical representation of the end system available.

MIL-STD-881C TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Level 1 Aircraft System Level 2 ~ Air Vehicle Avionics ~ ~ Airframe Program Management Training Propulsion Equipment Services Level 3 ~ Communication` Navigation Fire Control Level 4 ~ Antenna Receiver Transmitter Level 5 FIGURE 5. schedule. the TD units being developed and produced can be represented in the Program WBS. high-risk and/or high technical interest as well as how the program is planned and will be managed. the WBS should be approved by submitting a CSDR plan (as required by DoD Instruction 5000. The PM will use this information to develop an optimal product within the available trade space for each increment in the evolutionary process. 11 . the need for future capability improvements. the best product that meets the cost. and performance parameters. the designated Milestone Decision Authority will be the approving official. For all other ACAT programs. The plan describes the Program WBS being used and defines the approach the Government activity plans to use for collecting cost data. An evolutionary approach delivers capability in militarily useful increments. The program manager (PM) manages the program within that trade space and the WBS is the key communication tool to support these requirements. This means that programs using an evolutionary acquisition strategy need to establish the approved program's objective and threshold boundaries.02). A contract is awarded to the contractor whose solution best meets user needs and cost. and performance criteria. The Contract WBS is extended to the desired level.Downloaded from http://www. a request for proposals will be released with a proposed Contract WBS to each contractor developing prototypes. Government and industry will work together during the TD phase to create an evolutionary acquisition strategy for rapid acquisition of mature technology for the user. As the TD phase ends and activities move into EMD. recognizing.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. schedule. and link among the cost. Program WBS Description Since competitive prototyping is required to be accomplished in the TD phase. and performance parameters is defined to the level possible within the Government’s approved Program WBS. After the Program WBS is approved by the Deputy Director. schedule.everyspec. For ACAT I programs. reflecting those items considered high-cost. up front. Cost Assessment within the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) Cost Assessment and Performance Evaluation (CAPE).

and management of the program is accomplished. Effort ends when: (1) the system meets approved requirements and is demonstrated in its intended environment using the selected production-representative article. which reflects the Contract WBS to be delivered.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. program management and financial functions. Figure 7depicts a format suitable for documenting the subdivision of a program’s work breakdown structure into contract work breakdown structures for each contractor/source. and all other Level 2 common program work breakdown structure elements (reference Appendix L) are included at Level 2 of the contract work breakdown structure. A separate contract for a Level 4 program work breakdown structure element. Fire Control becomes Level 1 of the contract work breakdown structure. the configuration of the entire system has been defined. It also includes the establishment of the product baseline for all configuration items. such as Aircrew Training Device. The ISD effort is intended to define system functionality and interfaces. and that system production can be supported by demonstrated manufacturing processes.everyspec. EMD Requirements The Post-CDR Assessment effort is intended to demonstrate the system’s ability to operate. and reduce system-level risk. the WBS is linked to major products and systems and fully integrated with the contractor’s systems engineering. and (4) the system meets or exceeds exit criteria and Milestone C entrance requirements. Therefore. MIL-STD-881C Entering EMD. also follows the same procedure. two major efforts are accomplished: (1) an Integrated System Design (ISD) and (2) PostCDR Assessment (see Figure 6).Downloaded from http://www. 12 . (3) industrial capabilities are reasonably available. Engineering & Manufacturing Development – Two Major Efforts B C Integrated System Design System Capability & Manufacturing Process Demonstration CDD CPD Post CDR Assessment Post PDR Assessment PDR PDR CDR or FIGURE 6. while still consistent with the approved Key Performance Parameters (KPPs). In the example below. (2) manufacturing processes have been effectively demonstrated. At this point. The same contract work breakdown structure drawn from the program work breakdown structure will be used for each phase (development and production) of a program. Figure 8 provides an example of a resulting system configuration. complete hardware and software detailed design. the relationship between the Program WBS and the Contract WBS is developed at its lowest level. the program work breakdown structure Level 4 element.

. LEVEL 2 ELEMENTS (SYSTEM ENGINEERING/PROGRAM MANAGEMENT. TEST AND CHKOUT PLATFORM INTEGRATION SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION TRAINING DATA PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS FIGURE 7.n SOFTWARE PRODUCT ENGINEERING COMPUTER SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ITEM (1. WBS LEVELS IN PARENTHESES INDICATE RELATIVITY TO PRIME MISSION SYSTEM (PMS). SYSTEM ENGINEERING ETC PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SERVICES SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION FACILTIES TRAINING PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT DATA TEST AND MEASUREMENT EQUIPMENT PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT SUPPORT AND HANDLING EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT OPERATIONAL/SITE ACTIVATION OPERATIONAL/SITE ACTIVATION INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS NOTES: 1. MIL-STD-881C PRIME MISSION SYSTEM 1 2 3 4 AIRCRAFT SYSTEM AIR VEHICLE AIRFRAME PROPULSION VEHICLE SUBSYSTEMS AVIONICS FIRE CONTROL FIRE CONTROL SUBSYSTEM WBS ARMAMENT/WEAPON DELIVERY AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT FURNISHINGS AND EQUIPMENT AV SOFTWARE RELEASE 1…n (SPECIFY) AV IAT&CO SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION AIRCREW TRAINING DEVICE DEVELOPMENT TEST AND EVALUATION 1(4) 2(5) 3(6) OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION AIRCREW TRAINING DEVICE (ATD) MOCK-UPS/SYSTEM INTEGRATION LABS ATD EQUIPMENT TEST AND EVALUATION SUPPORT STUDENT STATION INSTRUCTOR OPERATOR STATION TRAINING COMPUTER SYSTEM EQUIPMENT VISUAL SYSTEM CLASSROOM EQUIPMENT MOTION SYSTEM COMPUTER BASED INSTRUCTION SYSTEM DRLMS SYSTEM AIRCREW TRAINING DEVICE (ATD) .com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 2.. ETC.Downloaded from http://www.. TEST AND CHECKOUT RADAR INTEG.E. ASSEMBLY.everyspec.n) SOFTWARE INTEGRATION.. PLACEMENT OF THE SUBSYSTEM IN THE PROGRAM WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE IS RELATIVE TO ITS WBS BREAKOUT FOR CONTRACT APPLICATION 1(4) 2(5) 3(6) 4(7) 5(8) FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM RADAR RECEIVER TRANSMITTER ANTENNA RADAR SOFTWARE RELEASE 1.) FOR SUBSYSTEMS OF THE PMS ARE CONTAINED IN (I. ARE SUBELEMENTS OF THE SUBSYSTEM ELEMENT NOT THE PMS LEVEL 2 ELEMENT 3. ASSEMBLY. SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION. Work Breakdown Structure Matrix (Contract WBS) 13 . .

When major modifications occur. addressing the products required.4 Creating the WBS Dictionary. the same WBS can be tailored or. The system's engineering efforts are actively involved in maintaining control over the system configuration as it is produced. a new WBS can be developed according to the same rules.5 Avoiding Pitfalls in Constructing a WBS. Example of System Configuration Documentation During the Production and Deployment phase.2. Contract Line Item Number (CLIN) structure. The dictionary lists and defines the WBS elements. and made program-specific to define the products being acquired to support effective Program Management by the contractor and to meet essential Request for Proposal (RFP) requirements.2. not the functions or costs associated with those products. The WBS dictionary will be developed starting with the generic definitions in this Standard. IMP. The WBS is defined to the level appropriate for contract management and maintenance. An effective WBS clearly describes what the program manager intends to acquire. It serves as a common thread among the specifications.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. the system is produced as defined in previous phases. 2. It has a logical structure and is tailored to a particular defense materiel item. MIL-STD-881C SYSTEM CI-1 CI-11 HW CI-2 CI-12 PROC CI-121 HW CI-13 HW CI-122 HW CI-3 CI-21 CI-211 HW CI-212 FW CI-31 HW CI-22 CSCI-213 SW CI-221 HW CSCI-32 SW CI-222 FW LEGEND HW (HARDWARE) PROC (PROCESSOR) SW (SOFTWARE) FW (FIRMWARE) CI (CONFIGURATION ITEM) CSCI (COMPUTER SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ITEM) FIGURE 8. EVMS and Risk Management. IMS. if the changes are substantial. the program manager will also develop a WBS dictionary. It also provides basic technical characteristics for the WBS elements and provides a link to the detailed technical definition documents.everyspec. the contractor expands the dictionary as the Contract WBS is developed.Downloaded from http://www. The WBS dictionary is routinely revised to incorporate changes and must reflect the current status of the program throughout the program’s life. Although initially prepared by the Government program manager. 14 . SOW. Remember. the WBS is product-oriented. The dictionary shows the hierarchical relationship of the elements and describes each WBS element and the resources and processes required to produce it. 2. As part of developing a Program WBS.

and requirements analysis are all engineering functional efforts. assembly.1 Requirement for WBS Element Exclusions. 2.. for example.2 Additional Considerations. data. Tooling is not a WBS element. the software effort should be included under integration. the percentage usage will be apportioned to the component/subassembly as appropriate. EMD. Program acquisition phases (for example. then the Level 2 item (prime mission product) is Fire Control Radar. Nonrecurring and recurring classifications are not WBS elements. requirements analysis. master forms. For example. Production and Deployment) and types of funds used in various phases (for example. jigs. dies. learning curve report or CLIN if required. etc. of the equipment being produced. and factory support equipment like assembly tools.Downloaded from http://www. and checkout includes production acceptance testing (including first article test) of Research and Development (R&D) and production units but excludes all systems engineering/program management and system test and evaluation that are associated with the overall system. such as total quality management initiatives. and facilities). Programming costs for production automatic test equipment (ATE) must be included here. Integration. special test equipment. These efforts should be included in the cost of the item they affect. 15 . assembly. This is captured by a unit cost report. The reporting requirements of the Contractor Cost Data Report (CCDR) will segregate each element into its recurring and nonrecurring parts.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Include software costs in the cost of the equipment.everyspec. if more than one CSCI is involved. test. is a product. as are mock-ups and Computer Software Configuration Items (CSCIs) or Software Configuration Items (SCIs). test. test engineering. Rework. This grants the program manager and contractor the flexibility to identify efforts that are important to the specific program. automatic test equipment. Design engineering. This Standard does not identify Level 3 elements for the systems engineering or program management WBS elements.5. These efforts should be included in the cost of the item they affect. not captured separately. and handling equipment) must be included in the functional cost. test. software. Cost saving efforts. are not part of the WBS. Development.2. Generic terms are inappropriate in a WBS. fixtures. A signal processor. not captured separately.2. The WBS elements must clearly indicate the actual system names and nomenclature of the product to avoid semantic confusion. Thus. test engineering. and checkout. and direct costs are not products. Test and Evaluation) are inappropriate WBS elements. if the Level 1 system is Fire Control. Do not use the organizational structure of the program office or the contractor’s organization as the basis of a WBS. On the other hand. and warranty. Recurring units of the same end item. services. retesting and refurbishing are not separate WBS elements. The definitions in Appendix L illustrate typical systems engineering and program management efforts. none of these elements are appropriate WBS elements. acquisition reform initiatives. the effort associated with this element is considered part of the CSCI it supports or. if possible. Software developed to reside on specific equipment must be identified as a subset of that equipment. Only include elements that are products (hardware. Research.g. items like design engineering. aluminum stock. when a software development facility is created to support the development of software. For example. Tooling (e. assembly. it will be included in the cost of integration.5. They should be treated as part of the appropriate WBS element affected. If tooling is used for more than one component/subassembly. If the tooling cannot be assigned to an identified subsystem or component. MIL-STD-881C 2. and checkout. aluminum is a material resource and direct cost is an accounting classification.

The acquisition logistics elements will be accommodated in the WBS that they support. A one-to-one relationship might not exist. The Program WBS will be the basis for program element data to support the PPBE submittals.3 Planning. Budgeting. and tests performed by the operational user (e. That system will provide auditable and traceable summaries of internal data generated by its performance measurement procedures. and training. operational test and evaluation). and disposal. The SOW is the document that describes. Developmental Test and evaluation). acquisition logistics management can be identified as part of the program management. defining configuration items. The relationship of the Contract WBS elements to the SOW and the CLINs must be clearly traceable. investment.Downloaded from http://www. (4) initial spares. 2.4 Contract Statement of Work (SOW). contract specifications. contract SOW tasks. 2.. Preparation of an effective SOW requires a thorough understanding of the products and services needed to satisfy a particular requirement. The WBS structure provides a framework for defining program technical objectives. Contract work breakdown structures c. LCC commences at program initiation and ends with retirement or demilitarization and disposition of the system. configuration items.3. Structure of work statements b.3. if the SOW is absorbed into the IMP.3. The Contract WBS will serve as the framework for the contractor's management control system. and (5) transition to sustainment (Operations and Support (O&S) phase). 2. The CLINs. MIL-STD-881C System test and evaluation must always separately identify tests performed in the development of a system (e. what products are to be delivered or what services are to be performed by the contractor. support data.4 Life-Cycle Cost. Technical and management reports f. 16 . A standardized WBS is an effective template for constructing the SOW for a system acquisition.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.everyspec. serving as a convenient checklist to ensure the contractor addresses all necessary program elements and meets specific contract reporting needs.3. These areas are included as part of other WBS elements and reflect the work that needs to be accomplished. it helps to streamline the process. and contractor responses will be expressed in terms of the WBS to enhance its effectiveness in satisfying the objectives of the acquisition. Areas for consideration include: (1) acquisition logistics management and reporting.3 Solicitation and Proposal. the WBS aids in establishing an indentured data listing (specification tree). All program status reporting requirements will be consistent with the Program WBS. and if the associated tasks and schedule are absorbed into the IMS.3. For example.3. Together with the contract SOW. Government-furnished items 2. and contractor logistics support would support site activation.g.. The following will be relatable to elements of the program work breakdown structure: a. nor is it required. the IMS and EVMS become better measures of contractor performance. The established WBS requirements in this standard are associated with those acquisition LCC phases of R&D and investment that are applicable to all contracted efforts.6 Reporting. in clear and understandable terms. operation and support (O&S). 2. (2) contractor logistics support. and Execution (PPBE) System. The WBS also provides a logical arrangement of SOW elements. The WBS used for a solicitation must be structured by selecting appropriate elements from the approved Program WBS. Contract line items d. Programming. After contract award. An explicitly written SOW facilitates effective contractor evaluation.5 Procurement. 2.g. 2. 2.2 Acquisition Logistics. and planning support tasks. Life-cycle cost (LCC) is the total cost for the weapons or support for defense acquisition system research and development (R&D). Configuration items e. (3) peculiar support equipment.1 Contractor Management Control System.

Other Government efforts supporting the program as a whole. 17 . and contractor responses should relate to the WBS so as to enhance its effectiveness in fully describing acquisition objectives.3. the Government activity is responsible for the FX Aircraft System reflected by the Program WBS. contract work statement tasks. schedule. The RFP will instruct potential contractors to extend the selected Contract WBS elements to define the complete contract scope. configuration items. the extended Contract WBS will form a complete Program WBS. It must be tailored to the program so that it does not unnecessarily constrain the contractor in meeting defined contract requirements. a Performance Based Acquisition strategy) need to be outlined in the RFP and be inclusive to how the Government will measure technical performance. This is the first opportunity for open dialogue between the Government and potential contractors. Acquisition approaches (e. thus providing a logical work flow throughout the acquisition cycle. This integrated approach to work planning also simplifies identifying the potential cost and schedule impacts of proposed technical changes. The Government activity has determined that it will award a contract for the Fire Control System.1 Relationship of Program WBS to Contract WBS. Planning tasks by WBS elements serves as the basis for mapping the technical baseline. The contracted system therefore will be identified at Level 1 of the Contract WBS with all applicable Level 2 Common WBS elements included. Contractors are expected to extend the Contract WBS to the appropriate lower level that satisfies critical visibility requirements and does not overburden the management control system. CLINs.2 RFP Solicitation Requirements. estimating and scheduling resource requirements. In this example. 2. When aggregated with the Program WBS. assigning them to work segments. By breaking the system into successively smaller entities. CONTRACTOR INSTRUCTIONS 3.3 Extended Contract WBS. Time phasing performance budgets. Innovative ideas or promising alternative solutions should be considered for inclusion in the RFP. The Contract WBS provides the framework for the contractor’s management control system. Program WBS elements that will be contracted are reflected in the Contract WBS. while both the Government efforts and contract efforts will always be captured in the Program WBS.5. Technical measures of performance can be allocated to WBS elements. It is important to coordinate the development of the Program WBS and the CSDR plan with the development of the SOW to ensure consistency in document structure. 2. The Program WBS captures all efforts of a program to include contract and government efforts. 2. as reflected by the Contract WBS.5. The RFP will include a Contract WBS and the initial WBS dictionary.1 Developing the Contract WBS. Figure 9 identifies the propulsion system as GFE and therefore is captured in the Program WBS. Only contract efforts will be captured within the Contract WBS. 3. program managers can ensure all required products and system components are identified in terms of cost. and mitigating risks. contract specifications.everyspec.g. A preliminary government approved contract WBS should be included in the RFP and the contractor should provide comments on the adequacy of the CSDR contract plan WBS and submit revised WBS with their proposal if necessary. and identifying responsible units produces a plan against which actual performance can be measured.5..Downloaded from http://www. Figure 9 depicts the development and relationship of the Program WBS with the Contract WBS.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. such as support from the Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center would also be captured in the Program WBS within the Operational Test and Evaluation efforts. consistent with the contractor’s proposed approach for executing the program. although contractors should be encouraged to suggest changes needed to meet an essential RFP requirement or to enhance the effectiveness of the Contract WBS in satisfying program objectives. and performance goals in order to reduce risk. Corrective action can be taken to resolve deviations from the plan. 2.6 Integrated Cost. MIL-STD-881C 2.1. The proposal will be based on the WBS in the RFP. 3.1 Preparing a Preliminary Contract WBS. and Technical Performance and Risk Management.5 Request for Proposals (RFP). Schedule. The DoD program manager will select the individual WBS elements from the Program WBS that apply to the contract to include in the RFP as described in Section 2.

. MIL-STD-881C PROGRAM WBS 1 2 3 4 5 6 FX AIRCRAFT SYSTEM AIR VEHICLE AIRFRAME PROPULSION (SK-PW-52D) (GFE) VEHICLE SUBSYSTEMS AVIONICS FIRE CONTROL RADAR RECEIVER TRANSMITTER ANTENNA RADAR APPLICATIONS S/W (TO CSCI LEVEL) RADAR INTEG.Downloaded from http://www. When a contract is awarded to a Prime contractor. ASSEMBLY. ASSEMBLY. the Fire Control System was awarded to a Prime contractor.n SOFTWARE PRODUCT ENGINEERING COMPUTER SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ITEM (1. The Prime contractor then subcontracts the antenna of the Fire Control System and a WBS is created to support the Antenna System subcontracted efforts (Figure 10). Using the example in Figure 9. the FX Aircraft System is represented by the ―Program‖ WBS.n) SOFTWARE INTEGRATION. To summarize. TEST AND CHECKOUT RADAR INTEG.... TEST AND CHKOUT PLATFORM INTEGRATION SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION TRAINING DATA PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS FIGURE 9. TEST AND CHKOUT ARMANMENT/WEAPONS DELIVERY AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT FURNISHINGS AND EQUIPMENT AV SOFTWARE RELEASE 1…n (SPECIFY) AV IAT&CO SYSTEMS ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION DEVELOPMENTAL TEST AND EVALUATION OPERATIONAL TEST AND EVALUATION MOCKUPS TEST AND EVALUATION SUPPORT TEST FACILITIES PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT TEST AND MEASUREMENT EQUIPMENT SUPPORT AND HANDLING EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT TRAINING MAINTENANCE TRAINERS AIRCREW TRAINING DEVICE TRAINING COURSE MATERIALS DATA TECHNICAL PUBLICATIONS ENGINEERING DATA MANAGEMENT DATA SUPPORT DATA DATA DEPOSITORY OPERATIONSAL/SITE ACTIVATION CONTRACTOR TECHNICAL SUPPORT INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS CONTRACT WBS 1(4) 2(5) 3(6) 4(7) 5(8) FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM RADAR RECEIVER TRANSMITTER ANTENNA RADAR SOFTWARE RELEASE 1. The Prime or associate contractor is responsible for incorporating WBS requirements into the subcontract. the Prime will require subcontractors that meet reporting threshold requirements to use the WBS to fulfill contractual requirements and control the subcontracted effort. 18 . which is used by the Government to manage the FX Aircraft System Program. The Prime has further determined that it requires the Antenna System to be subcontracted.1. Figure 10 shows how the Prime contractor further defined the Antenna System and created a subcontract WBS for the sub work to be managed.everyspec. Relationship of Program WBS to Contract WBS 3. The Government contracts with the Prime contractor for the Fire Control System and that effort is the Contract WBS for the Prime contractor (Figure 9).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. ASSEMBLY.2 Subcontractors.

Otherwise..n SOFTWARE PRODUCT ENGINEERING COMPUTER SOFTWARE CONFIGURATION ITEM (1. the contractor's existing management control system and responsibility assignments may be affected adversely.Downloaded from http://www. The contractor can organize according to corporate standards and still effectively use a valid. and controlled. Performance visibility is directly relatable to this level of detail. The management control system will keep the lower levels of the WBS visible as it intersects with the organizational structure. risk management.e. control accounts and work packages are established and performance is planned. the work effort required by each element should be identified and assigned to functional organizational units. the work scheduled.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. ASSEMBLY. work assignments. 19 .n) SOFTWARE INTEGRATION. MIL-STD-881C PRIME CONTRACT WBS 1(4) 2(5) 3(6) 4(7) FIRE CONTROL SYSTEM RADAR RECEIVER TRANSMITTER ANTENNA RADAR SOFTWARE RELEASE 1. the technical requirements for the work and work product must be specified. productoriented WBS. The contractor will assign management responsibility for technical. and attainment of specified technical requirements verified. A WBS must not be influenced by a contractor’s program organization. Relationship of Contract WBS to Subcontract WBS 3. As Figure 11 illustrates.. Therefore.everyspec. and corrective actions) come together at the control account level..3 Contractor’s Organizational Structure. Virtually all aspects of the contractor's management control system (i. The WBS level at which the management control system is established is primarily a function of the magnitude of the program and the type of product required by the contract. TEST AND CHKOUT PLATFORM INTEGRATION SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION TRAINING DATA PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT INITIAL SPARES AND REAIR PARTS SUBCONTRACT WBS 1(3) 2(4) 3(5) ANTENNA SYSTEM ANTENNA (Prime Mission Product) TRANSMIT/RECEIVE MODULES ANTENNA CONTROL ANTENNA ELECTRONICS POWER SUPPLY ANTENNA SYSTEM IAT&CO SYSTEM ENGINEERING PROGRAM MANAGEMENT SYSTEM TEST AND EVALUATION TRAINING DATA PECULIAR SUPPORT EQUIPMENT COMMON SUPPORT EQUIPMENT INITIAL SPARES AND REPAIR PARTS FIGURE 10. technical definition. schedule.1. and other needed resource information. and other performance criteria at lower levels within the WBS. schedule. The responsible organizational level is a function of the company’s management span of control and upper management's desire to delegate the responsibility for WBS elements to lower management levels. measured. As the end product is subdivided into smaller sub-products at lower WBS levels. the contractor is expected to establish organizational responsibilities at meaningful and appropriate levels.. every part of a WBS is visible or accessible regardless of the contractor’s organization. progress assessment. budgets. At the juncture of the WBS element and organization unit. estimates.4 Control Account Level. recorded. the management control system must be keyed to the same WBS element and organizational unit. TEST AND CHECKOUT RADAR INTEG. schedules. In identifying control accounts. Likewise. at some level in a contractor’s organization there is a point at which a control account is managed.1. accounting. 3. budgeted. and performed. ASSEMBLY. problem identification. To this end. in any WBS the same point exists. To provide the responsible contract manager with technical.

The information the contractor needs to manage the development is available from the same control accounts. which in this example are a part of the contractor’s Electrical Design Department. Translation from Function to Product For example. Figure 12 illustrates the same example but uses an Integrated Product Team (IPT)-structured organization and its interface with the Contract WBS. MIL-STD-881C Contract Work Breakdown Structure Note: This example depicts a functional organization. 20 .com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. It could easily be any other type of organization structure. the management information needed by the Government to manage the development of a radar receiver is available from the control accounts that are part of that effort’s WBS.Downloaded from http://www. Fire Control Level 1 Level 2 Receiver Group Level 3 Training Antenna Test Functional Organization Radar Sidelobe Canceller Applications S/W Electrical Design Control Account Work Packages Drafting/ Checking Control Account Design Engineering Manu facturing Company Level 4 Mechanical Design Receiver Control Account FIGURE 11.everyspec.

Each substantial subcontract will in essence create a program for the subcontract and thus create a parent-child relationship between the Prime and the subcontractor. Understanding the parent-child type relationship of various related programs and contracts and their impact on the WBS is important in the ever-increasing integrated and joint program environment.2 Programmatic Issues in WBS Development. The overall parent program. The various child WBS elements then would be identified at Level 2 or 3.2 Family of Systems.2. The parent-child challenge will repeat itself in the Contract WBS as the Prime contractor decides to subcontract various portions of the system. as appropriate. each having a level of commonality 21 . such as a fighter aircraft that has interfaces with the ordnance it carries.1 System of Systems (SoS). a family of missiles. surface vehicles. A program can either have stand-alone systems or have interfaces with other systems.2. In some cases. will each have a separate Program WBS. Each child program would develop a stand-alone WBS structure. found in Appendices A through L. needs to be associated with the various child programs. For example. individually baselined programs and their various prime or GFE elements are actually part of a SoS approach. IPT Intersection with Contract WBS 3.. The aircraft and ordnance programs. the parent-child relationship should be thought through and understood by the parent program and the various child programs. MIL-STD-881C Level 1 Contract Work Breakdown Structure Level 2 Radar Receiver Group Level 3 Training Antenna Sidelobe Canceller Applications S/W Electrical Design Control Account Work Packages Drafting/ Checking Control Account Level 4 Design Manufacturing Radar IPT SE/PM Test IPT Organization Fire Control Mechanical Design Receiver Control Account FIGURE 12.g. In any case. the WBS requirements of a system also apply to a SoS. In a SoS program. the SoS or joint program. each system in a family of systems may belong to a domain or product line (e. aircraft. traditionally separate. A SoS Program will require the development of multiple system WBS definitions. or situation awareness systems). 3.everyspec. 3. the program is actually a collection of systems and thus the Program WBS at the first tier will consist of the various systems that make up the SoS structure. Often.Downloaded from http://www. such as the Missile Defense Program or the Cheyenne Mountain Complex. In this manner.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. common systems will be a child program to different parent programs and may actually enter the parent WBS as a different level. and should therefore be subject to the same systems engineering processes and best practices as applied to individual systems. SoS should be treated and managed as a system in their own right. A family of systems is a grouping of systems having some common characteristic(s). in the overall parent program.

3. 3. etc. Software that resides and interfaces with more than one piece of equipment (for example. which facilitates the Operations and Maintenance (O&M) of the computer systems and associated programs).4 Software and Software Intensive Systems.2. threat. For example. 3.4. When needed. 22 . schedule. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. In fact.3 Intelligence Requirements and Related Costs.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. elements of software development often are high technical risk and high cost. Milestone C reflects the point at which the developed system is deployed rather than produced. aircraft. It is important to recognize the fundamental distinction between two types of software acquisition: 1) software embedded on a weapon system and 2) Automated Information Systems. An AIS will not likely be deployed according to the same WBS by which it was developed. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing component cost estimating processes. Multi-function software will be identified as a subset of the equipment WBS element.everyspec. Further. a family of systems is not considered to be a system per se because it does not necessarily create capability beyond the additive sum of the individual capabilities of its member systems. Since all critical system software should be identified. Developing a WBS for a program that has multiple variants and varying levels of commonality can result in a WBS that is very long.2 Software Operating on Specific Equipment. Both of these are an increasingly important part of DoD acquisition.2.. which either includes the software in the element specification or exercises the most critical performance constraint. Rather. Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP). it may be appropriate to collect lower level information. For example. and Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) use Appendix K.Downloaded from http://www. MIL-STD-881C and unique variants. The family of systems does not acquire qualitatively new properties as a result of the grouping. surface vehicle.4. In cases where a conflict exists between selecting either the element specification or that which exercises the most critical performance constraint. will be called out at the appropriate work breakdown level. Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. A family of systems lacks the synergy of a SoS.g. In general. an aircraft's electronic equipment typically has software included in each of the subsystem elements. and performance. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. applications software and overall system software.) is replicated for each unique variant and the degree of commonality between each unique variant. All integral software should be included in a Program or Contract WBS in conjunction with the hardware it supports. the software is itself the end-item. but affect the process in different ways and should therefore be treated differently from a WBS perspective. a contractor's management system can use an identifier for each software element to produce summaries for software management purposes. For AISs such as business systems. the member systems may not be connected into a whole. This result is realized when the WBS for a particular defense materiel item (e. missile. even after contract award. For AIS.1 Automated Information Systems (AIS).2. This results in a WBS that is of a much different nature for post-Milestone C effort than preMilestone C. AIS are typically not production items. selecting the specification relationship will take precedence. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. 3. This allows for effective performance measurement and management control.2.

with each event being supported by specific accomplishments and each accomplishment associated with specific criteria to be satisfied for its completion. In addition. The required information can be aggregated for reporting as needed using the contractor’s management system.SW_) FIGURE 13. The IMP is an event-based plan consisting of a hierarchy of program events.2.) occurring in many WBS elements. Level 1 Contract Work Breakdown Structure Level 2 Radar Receiver Group Level 3 Level 4 S/W Support Engineering Manufacturing Company Test Functional Organization Receiver CSCI 1 S/W Quality Assurance Fire Control Training Antenna Sidelobe Canceller CSCI 2 Applications S/W CSCI 3 Requirements Analysis Control Account (Job Code xxx. Appropriate reporting requirements should be specified in the SOW. requirements analysis.SW_) Work Packages Code & Test (Job Code xxx. IMP events are not tied to calendar dates.4. the contractor’s management system and the WBS will provide critical detail and visibility of key software development processes (for example.3 Visibility into Software Development Processes. Because the WBS has a product-oriented hierarchy. the program manager should require specific visibility into software performance.1 Integrated Master Plan (IMP).SW_) Integration & Test (Job Code xxx. each event is completed when its supporting accomplishments are completed and when this is evidenced by the satisfaction of the criteria supporting each of those accomplishments.Downloaded from http://www. In such cases. design. its progressive subdivision will result in common management or functional tasks (for example. The IMP is 23 . Linkage Between Contractor WBS and Contractor Management Systems 3. code and test.5. MIL-STD-881C 3. etc.2. As Figure 13 shows. development processes. but care must be taken to not overly complicate the Contract WBS and the contractor’s management system.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.everyspec.5 Integrated Master Plan and Integrated Master Schedule (IMP/IMS) 3.) without extending the WBS to excessively low levels or developing a separate WBS for software. etc.SW_) Design S/W Engineering Control Account S/W Config Control Control Account (Job Code xxx. The IMP should provide sufficient definition to allow for the tracking of the completion of required accomplishments for each event and to demonstrate satisfaction of the completion criteria for each accomplishment. the IMP demonstrates the maturation of the design/development of the product as it progresses through a disciplined systems engineering process. Software may be widespread throughout the WBS and represent high risk in the contract.

and criteria. Requirement WBS Elements System Specification SOW Task 1000 Air Vehicle 3. SOW. defined as airframe. to these activities it adds the detailed tasks necessary to support the IMP criteria along with each task’s duration and its relationships with other tasks.5.All sub-system PDRs completed 2. However.3 IMP/IMS Linkage.Preliminary Design Review PDR Accomplishment Criteria 1. event-based.1 Air Vehicle (WBS 1000) 1000 Air Vehicle 1100 Airframe 1100 Airframe 1110 Wing • • Design. WBS-based) to support the user’s needs.Downloaded from http://www. The IMS flows directly from the IMP and supplements it with additional levels of detail. Allocated baseline artifacts completed YEAR 20XX YEAR 20XX FIGURE 14. where applicable.2. The IMP is a relatively toplevel document in comparison to the IMS. MIL-STD-881C placed on contract and becomes the baseline execution plan for the program/project. propulsion. In general.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. It incorporates all of the IMP’s events. creates the taskand calendar-based schedule that is the IMS.2. It serves as a forecasting tool used to track technical performance and time phase the budget. contract award). the IMP can be thought of as the top-down planning tool and the IMS as the bottom-up execution tool for those plans.5. accomplishments. 1110 Wing 1189 Landing Gear Integrated Master Plan Management Plan Events 1.everyspec. Figure 14 illustrates these interrelationships.2 Integrated Master Schedule (IMS). Sub-system PDRs completed YEAR 20XX YEAR 20XX 2. and risk management system. Preliminary Design complete 1. it should be noted that the primary purpose of the IMS is as a scheduling tool. 3. Relationship of IMP/IMS to WBS 24 . develop. complete air vehicles. This network of integrated tasks. Both the IMP and the IMS should be consistent with the contractor’s management and scheduling system structure and format. when tied to the start date (for example. should also be traceable to the program’s Contract WBS. avionics and other installed equipment. All allocated baseline artifacts completed Integrated Master Schedule Detailed Tasks Program Events YEAR 20XX YEAR 20XX PDR CDR YEAR 20XX 1. 3. The IMS is directly traceable back to the IMP and. produce and verify. EVMS. The IMS should be defined to the level of detail necessary for daily execution of the program/project. The IMS supports multiple views (for example.

IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTRACT WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE The Contract Work Breakdown Structure (CWBS) included in a successful proposal serves as the basis for negotiating a Government-approved Contract WBS. if systems engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element. the WBS should be the same for the CPR.Downloaded from http://www.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.6 Use of Common Elements. In accordance with the contract terms. The contractor maintains the Contract WBS. The contractor should determine those extended Contract WBS levels that are used to trace the cost accumulations for cost control purposes. Program Management.1 Contract Award and Contract WBS Approval. IMP. However. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. 4. the Program WBS will require revision to reflect those changes. For example. The Contract WBS requires a contract modification before approved changes can be incorporated. developing.2. and IMS related reporting. Additional WBS revisions may result from program changes. Level 5 and below as reported on the CCDR and IMS should maintain a product-oriented logical decomposition of those Level 4 WBS elements that are extended. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. and Level 5 or below for the CCDR and IMS. the Training common element will also be associated with the element it supports (Navigation and Remote Piloting System) at Level 4 of the WBS. the changes made should be evaluated at an Integrated Baseline Review (IBR). technical. The requirement for providing the WBS dictionary using Data Item Description DI-MGMT-81334 (current version). and the work effort progresses through major program phases. 4. All extensions should be incorporated into the Contract WBS reporting level in the contract. contracts are awarded. Although there is no limit on the number of additional elements. only changes approved by the contracting officer may be incorporated. and CCDR through Level 4. The extension of the Contractor WBS should be negotiated by the contractor and Government at a CSDR conference according to the CSDR Manual (DOD 5000. Combining them into the ―System‖ level misrepresents the true effort of delivering a complete Navigation and Remote Piloting System. IMP. 4. Assembly. If the Government program manager accepts the alternatives.everyspec. 4. Integration. The intent is to understand the total effort associated with designing. If changes are significant and broad in scope. While reporting levels may be different for each report. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. Additional contract elements will become the basis for contractor extension of the Contract WBS. The contract will indicate levels of the Contract WBS at which costs will be reported to the Government. assuming the additional elements are meaningful product or management-oriented indentures of a higher level element. including change traceability. and producing a WBS element. in Surface Vehicles common elements found at Level 2 of the WBS capture efforts associated with the ―System‖ level as a total system (for example. Systems Engineering. traceability to the previous WBS needs to be maintained. In each appendix. The training element should not be rolled into the ―System‖ level training WBS element. Revisions to the WBS are an essential component of this process. In other words.2 Reporting Relationships. In the extensions.04-M-1). and managerial requirements of the defense materiel item. MIL-STD-881C 3. ―Contract WBS‖ identified in the Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) is included in the contract development process. training for the entire surface vehicle system). Common WBS elements (for example. The contractor may have proposed alternate approaches to accomplish the contract objectives. Training. Test and Checkout. CPR. Users of this Standard should understand that the sequence described in the preceding paragraphs may be repeated as the program evolves. The numbering system is 25 . For reporting purposes. each should be justified in terms of its contribution to effective program management. System Test and Evaluation. For example. The contractor has complete flexibility to extend the Contract WBS below the reporting requirement to reflect how work is to be accomplished. when the WBS is reported at Level 4 for a CPR and IMP. IMS. the WBS should be the same at the level for which it is reported. and Data (see Appendix L)) will be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS they support. consideration should be given to the specific contractual. if training was required to support the Navigation and Remote Piloting System (Level 3 WBS element). Once work begins.3 Numbering of the WBS. the WBS is required to be the same for CCDR. Whenever the WBS is revised. WBS changes should be controlled to preserve the cost baseline.

4. the parent WBS (e. These may include EVM. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. MIL-STD-881C numeric.2. Cost performance measurement involves periodic comparison of actual costs with time-phased budgets. and managing contract funds (see Figure 15). if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. The WBS is the Basis for DoD Reporting Requirements 4. 1. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor 1. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used.3.1.1.everyspec. When 26 . several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies.4. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖). 4. CFSR FutureYears Defense Program Program Fund Requirements WBS CPR Performance Measurement Summary Data Contract Cost Data Technical Schedule Plant Data Cost Functional Costs CCDR Progress Curves NOTES: Contract Funds Status Report (CFSR) Contract Performance Report (CPR) Contractor Cost Data Report (CCDR) FIGURE 15. 4. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. Within the scope of the WBS. however. the contractor has flexibility to use the work breakdown elements to support ongoing financial management activities. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible.2.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below.3.1 Earned Value Management (EVM). and follow-up corrective action. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. 1. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed.1.1.2.. Where this structure occurs. cost estimating.2. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example.3.1.Downloaded from http://www.1. and so forth. 1.2.4 Support for Management Activities.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.g. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). analysis of performance variances.

The need for consistent program data must be satisfied in any further decomposition of the product-oriented Contract WBS developed by the contractor and should meet DoD needs for reasonably consistent program data. the guidelines for WBS construction specified in this Standard become directive in nature. The purpose of the Contract Funds Status Report (CFSR) is to supply funding data by Line Item/WBS to the DoD program manager and the Contracting Officer’s Technical Representative (COTR) for: 1) updating and forecasting contract funding requirements. The WBS also provides critical structure for cost reporting. data. 3) developing funding requirements and budget estimates in support of approved contracts. and services the Government purchases. (3) Baseline. 27 . 5. EVM data is reported using the Contract Performance Report (CPR).2 Cost Estimating. Detailed guidelines for the Contract WBS are provided in Data Item Description DIMGMT-81334C. This Standard also provides guidance for mandatory software reporting on ACAT I programs with significant software development content. 4. 2) planning and decision making on funding changes in contracts. controlling.3 Contract Funds Status. The Contract WBS format should be used as a starting point for continued tailoring. Consequently. The CPR is the primary means of documenting the ongoing communication between the contractor and the program manager to report cost and schedule trends to date and to permit assessment of their effect on future performance.5 Summary. This includes all systems.04-M-1. as the cornerstone of the cost estimating process. at each point in the acquisition cycle. or major modifications established as an integral program element of the Future Years Defense Program or otherwise designated by the DoD component or the Under Secretary of Defense (AT&L). materiel items. and CCDR as applicable. provides a logical breakdown of tasking necessary to accomplish program objectives. CPR. This data item is invoked in the CDRL of the RFP and contract.4. The WBS. the same WBS will be utilized for the IMP. However. and 5) obtaining rough estimates of termination costs. relies upon the WBS to enable effective reporting of cost and software data on MDAPs. preparing budgets.1 Intended Use.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. the budgets associated with those tasks become the performance measurement baseline for EVM. EVM is a key integrated program management process in the management and oversight of Major Defense Acquisition Programs (MDAPs) and Major Automated Information Systems (MAIS) Programs. The CPR provides contract cost and schedule performance data that is used to identify problems early in the contract and forecast future contract performance. After contract award. (2) Organizational Categories. and Progress Curve Report. Format 1 provides data to measure cost and schedule performance by product-oriented Contract WBS elements for the hardware. The WBS for ACAT I programs is approved using the CSDR Plan and data reporting uses the following CCDR reports based on the WBS: Cost Data Summary Report. software. 4. 4) determining funds in excess of contract needs and available for deobligations. IMS.Downloaded from http://www. The requirements for cost reporting provided in this Standard are mandatory for all contracts within ACAT I programs regardless of contract type. MIL-STD-881C planned tasks are captured in a WBS element structure and time-phased as they are expected to be accomplished. the Contract WBS continues to provide the framework for delineating the areas of responsibility and defining task requirements of the contract. The purpose of the CCDR is to collect historical program cost data in a joint service environment and use that data to estimate the cost of ongoing and future Government programs. This report consists of the following five formats: (1) WBS. It provides a common framework for tracking the estimated and actual costs during the performance of each contract. The DOD 5000. This Standard is directed primarily at preparing a WBS for a defense system program.everyspec. (4) Staffing. and a Software Resource Data Report. CSDR Manual. 4. and estimating the various program activities. Functional Cost-Hour Report. coordinating. Use of the WBS for cost estimating facilitates program and contract management aids the program office in planning.4. Cost estimating data is reported through the CCDR. NOTES SECTION 5. and (5) Explanation and Problem Analyses. and preparing program life-cycle costs. The data from the various program contracts support the DoD program manager in evaluating contractor performance.

The Standard focuses on identifying how a WBS is developed and maintained throughout the Pre-Systems Acquisition and Systems Acquisition phases. This Standard clearly delineates the overlapping responsibilities of DoD program managers and contractors relative to the execution of WBSs. 5. Budgeting. Aircraft Systems Automated Information Systems (AIS) Contract Funds Status Report (CFSR) Contract Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) Contractor Cost and Software Data Reporting (CSDR) Contract Performance Report (CPR) Control Accounts Cost Estimating Reporting Earned Value Management (EVM) Electronic Systems Engineering Data Integrated Master Plan (IMP) Integrated Master Schedule (IMS) Launch Vehicle Systems Life Cycle Cost Missile Systems Ordnance Systems Planning.everyspec. Programming. Technology Development) and Systems Acquisition (engineering and Manufacturing Development. This Standard supersedes MIL-HDBK-881A dated 30 July 2005 and MIL-STD881B dated 25 March 1993.2 Associated Data Item Description DID NUMBER DID TITLE DI-MGMT-81334 (Current Version) Contract Work Breakdown Structure 5.3 Supersession Data. and Execution (PPBE) System Program Management Program WBS Request for Proposals (RFP) Risk Management Schedule Sea Systems Software Space Systems Surface Vehicle Systems 28 . 5. The Sustainment Phase (Operations and Support) is addressed only as it is included during the Systems Acquisition Phase.4 Subject Term (keyword) Listing.Downloaded from http://www. Production and Deployment) life cycle phases.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. MIL-STD-881C The Standard is appropriate for use with any WBS developed for the Pre-Systems Acquisition (Materiel Solution Analysis.

29 .5 Changes from Previous Issue.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.Downloaded from http://www. Marginal notations are not used in this revision to identify changes with respect to the previous issue due to the extent of the changes. MIL-STD-881C Systems Engineering System of Systems (SoS) Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) Systems Unmanned Maritime System (UMS) Work Package 5.everyspec.

org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street.ieee.org 30 . Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. A. Definitions for WBS elements common to all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements.ansi.12-1990 (R2002). MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A APPENDIX A: AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS A. NJ 08854-1331 www.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. NY. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.2.1 Non-Government publications. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for aircraft systems. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. 4th Floor New York. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. Inc.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS A.

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX A

A.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS
WBS #
1.0
1.1
1.1.1

Level 1
Aircraft
System

Level 2

Level 3

Level 4

Air
Vehicle
Airframe

1.1.1.1

Airframe Integration, Assembly, Test and
Checkout

1.1.1.2

Fuselage

1.1.1.3

Wing

1.1.1.4

Empennage

1.1.1.5

Nacelle

1.1.1.6

Other Airframe Components 1..n (Specify)

1.1.2

Propulsion

1.1.3

Vehicle Subsystems

1.1.3.1

Vehicle Subsystem Integration, Assembly, Test,
and Checkout

1.1.3.2

Flight Control Subsystem

1.1.3.3

Auxiliary Power Subsystem

1.1.3.4

Hydraulic Subsystem

1.1.3.5

Electrical Subsystem

1.1.3.6

Crew Station Subsystem

1.1.3.7

Environmental Control Subsystem

1.1.3.8

Fuel Subsystem

1.1.3.9

Landing Gear

1.1.3.10

Rotor Group

1.1.3.11

Drive Group

1.1.3.12

Vehicle Subsystem Software

1.1.3.13

Other Subsystems 1…n (Specify)

1.1.4

Avionics

1.1.4.1

Avionics Integration, Assembly, Test, and
Checkout

1.1.4.2

Communication/Identification

1.1.4.3

Navigation/Guidance

1.1.4.4

Mission Computer/Processing

1.1.4.5

Fire Control

1.1.4.6

Data Display and Controls

1.1.4.7

Survivability

1.1.4.8

Reconnaissance

1.1.4.9

Automatic Flight Control

1.1.4.10

Health Monitoring System

1.1.4.11

Stores Management

1.1.4.12

Avionics Software Release 1…n

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX A
Other Avionics Subsystems 1…n (Specify)

1.1.4.13
1.1.5

Armament/Weapons Delivery

1.1.6

Auxiliary Equipment

1.1.7

Furnishings and Equipment

1.1.8

Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n
Air Vehicle Integration, Assembly, Test,
and Checkout

1.1.9
1.2

System Engineering

1.3

Program Management

1.4

System Test and Evaluation

1.4.1

Development Test and Evaluation

1.4.2

Operational Test and Evaluation

1.4.3

Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs)

1.4.4

Test and Evaluation Support

1.4.5
1.5

Test Facilities
Training

1.5.1

Equipment

1.5.2

Services

1.5.3
1.6

Facilities
Data

1.6.1

Technical Publications

1.6.2

Engineering Data

1.6.3

Management Data

1.6.4

Support Data

1.6.5

Data Depository

1.7

Peculiar Support Equipment

1.7.1

Test and Measurement Equipment

1.7.2

Support and Handling Equipment

1.8
1.8.1
1.8.2
1.9

Common Support Equipment
Test and Measurement Equipment
Support and Handling Equipment
Operational/Site Activation

1.9.1

System Assembly, Installation and Checkout on Site

1.9.2

Contractor Technical Support

1.9.3

Site Construction

1.9.4

Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion

1.9.5

Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support

1.10

Industrial Facilities

1.10.1

Construction/Conversion/Expansion

1.10.2

Equipment Acquisition or Modernization

1.10.3

Maintenance (Industrial Facilities)

1.11

Initial Spares and Repair Parts

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX A
A.3.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L). WBS elements that are common (i.e.,
Integration, Assembly, Test and Checkout; Systems Engineering; Program Management; System Test and
Evaluation; Training; and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.
For example, if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element, the Systems Engineering WBS
element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports.
A.3.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C, the WBS is defined to
Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and
developers, WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5.
1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost, high
risk, or high technical interest. For those elements, extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed
visibility, but only for those elements. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. In addition, for
each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. The purpose of going
below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements
and when required to report at a lower level, those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and
developers.
2) In each of the appendices, an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS
for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. These "other" elements would
be used if, for example, a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the
appendices of MIL-STD-881C.
3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element
it supports, it should be included within that element. This is called the 100% rule, which states the next level of
decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level
(parent level). For example, the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements - transmitter, antenna, and
receiver. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out
of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar, it distorts the effort and resources that are required to
complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i.e., a child element to the radar is
now missing within the WBS structure).
4) In some cases, items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. For example,
software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. Under normal circumstances, software would be the
child level to the parent level transmitter. However, depending on how software is developed, the software may
include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. It may include functionality for the receiver as
well. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support, due to an inability to
determine the effort for each functionality developed. Therefore, it is appropriate to associate that software to the
next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level, but
we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of
support each gets.
5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security, threat, mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition
cycle, even after contract award. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better
opportunity to manage cost, schedule, and performance. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented
WBS, identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost
estimating processes.
A.3.3 Numbering of the WBS. In each appendix, the work breakdown structure for that commodity has
been numbered for reporting purposes only. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to
identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. The numbering system is
numeric; however, several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified
to accommodate the anomalies.

33

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX A
A.3.3.1. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the
subsystem, element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within
the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed, this element and
assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is
needed, then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using
the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. The newly defined element must be approved by the
Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.
A.3.3.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or
similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. Where this structure occurs, the parent WBS
(e.g., 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each
element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example, if a missile system has multiple propulsion
subsystems, each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example, ―Solid Rocket
Motor‖), and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element
(Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example, ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖), and so
forth. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever
possible, and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as
shown below.
1.1.2.
1.1.2.1.
1.1.2.2.
1.1.2.3.

Propulsion Subsystem (1…n)
Solid Rocket Motor
Liquid Rocket Engine
Backup Rocket Motor

A.4 DEFINITIONS
A.4.1 Aircraft System. The complex of equipment (hardware/software), data, services, and facilities
required to develop, produce, and support air vehicles.
Includes, for example:
a. Those employing manned fixed, movable, rotary, or compound wing
This excludes unmanned aircraft systems found in Appendix H.
A.4.2 Air Vehicle. The complete flying aircraft. It also includes the design, development, and production
of complete units (i.e., the prototype or operationally configured units, which satisfy the requirements of their
applicable specification(s), regardless of end use).
Includes, for example:
a. Airframe, propulsion, vehicles subsystems, avionics systems and all other installed equipment
A.4.2.1 Airframe. The assembled structural and aerodynamic components of the air vehicle that support
subsystems essential to designated mission requirements.
Includes, for example:
a. Basic structure: fuselage, wing, empennage, fuselage, and nacelle
b. All administrative and technical engineering labor to perform integration of level 4 air frame elements;
development of engineering layouts; determination of overall design characteristics, and determination
of requirements of design review
Excludes, for example:
a. All effort associated with vehicle subsystems, avionics, and other Level 3 elements, and their
integration into the airframe

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX A
A.4.2.1.1 Airframe Integration, Assembly, Test and Checkout. The integration, assembly, test and
checkout element includes all efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements, Work Breakdown Structure
and Definitions, to provide a complete airframe, less other Level 3 elements.
Included in this element are the efforts required to provide the integration, assembly, test and checkout of
the major airframe structures (fuselage, wing, empennage, nacelle, and other airframe). Included in this effort is all
administrative and technical engineering labor to perform integration of Level 4 airframe elements.
Includes, for example:
a. Overall airframe design and producibility engineering
b. Detailed production design; acoustic and noise analysis
c. Loads analysis; stress analysis on interfacing airframe elements and all subsystems
d. Design maintenance effort and development of functional test procedures
e. Coordination of engineering master drawings and consultation with test and manufacturing groups
f. Tooling planning, design, and fabrication of basic and rate tools and functional test equipments, as well
as the maintenance of such equipment
g. Production scheduling and expediting
h. Joining or installation of structures such as racks, mounts, etc.
i. Installation of wiring ducting, engines, and miscellaneous equipment and painting
j. Set up, conduct, and review of testing assembled components or subsystems prior to installation

Excludes, for example:
a. All Integration, Assembly, Test, and Checkout activities associated with non-airframe Level 3
elements
A.4.2.1.2 Fuselage. The structural airframe encompassing the forward, center and aft fuselage sections of
the aircraft.
Includes, for example:
a. Structural fuselage section for the forward, center and aft fuselage sections to include the main and
secondary structures
b. Efforts required to splice the forward, center and aft sections
c. Windshield/canopy assembly
d. Radome
e. Access doors
f. Mounting provisions for mission peculiar avionics, armament/weapons delivery systems
A.4.2.1.3 Wing. The structure used to produce lift for flight through the air.
Includes, for example:
a. Wing torque box, inner and outer wing panels, leading edge extension wing tip, movable control
surfaces to include ailerons and leading and trailing edge flaps, attach fittings for pylons, wing fold
mechanism, installation of airframe related subsystems, and installation of flight test instrumentation
b. Fitting for store stations
c. Material for sealing the integral fuel tanks
d. Provisions for the electrical, hydraulic, fuel, flight controls, etc.
Excludes, for example:
a.

Efforts for the structural splicing of the wing to the fuselage as provided by the Airframe Integration,
Assembly, Test and Checkout.

35

1. if furnished as integral to the propulsion unit c.1. and engine control units. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. leading edge flaps.4. Primary and secondary mechanical devices and automatic equipment installed in the air vehicle when used with control surfaces. rudders. and speed brakes.2.4 Empennage.everyspec. Includes.. and production of mating surfaces. That portion of the air vehicle that pertains to installed equipment (propulsion unit and other propulsion) to provide power/thrust to propel the aircraft through all phases of powered flight.g. controls. materials. Electronic Systems.5 Nacelle. This element should be replaced with other productoriented airframe components that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. drag and trim effect.4. turbo with or without afterburner. Structural stabilators. development.4. stabilator and rudder as well as provisions for electrical wiring. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A A. which are used to control the flight path of the air vehicle and provide additional lift. antennae. parts. test. Includes. Includes. A.4. transmissions. NOTE: For lower level information.1 Vehicle Subsystems Integration. thrust vector devices. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. All ancillary equipments that are not an integral part of the engine required to provide an operational primary power source—air inlets.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. The collection of core non-avionics subsystems.2.2.Downloaded from http://www. cargo or housing an engine. and Checkout. A. linkage. or other type propulsion) suitable for integration with the airframe b. The design. equipment. The structural tail group encompassing the fin. and software required to assemble and test the vehicle subsystem parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements.2 Propulsion. Other propulsion equipment required in addition to the engine but not furnished as an integral part of the engine.2 Flight Control Subsystem. and installation of flight test instrumentation b. A.3.2. control linkages. for example: a. plumbing. stabilators. and control surface actuators for ailerons. All effort directly associated with the integration. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle b.4. and associated equipments. trailing edge flaps.1. gear boxes. etc.4. A. to control the flight path of the air vehicle as well as to provide additional lift. Test. for example: a.3 Vehicle Subsystems. drag and trim effect 36 . Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail. Tail boom for rotary wing A. and assembly efforts to provide the propulsion unit as an entity Excludes. vertical tails. The engine as a propulsion unit within itself (e. for example: a. such as booster units d. The streamlined enclosure separate from the fuselage used for sheltering the crew. instruments. assembly.3. development. production.6 Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify). Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined.2. installation of airframe related subsystems. A. nozzles. reciprocating. for example: a. structures.2.2. rudders. Assembly. Thrust reversers.4. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. Primary and secondary mechanical controls.

assembly.4. which interconnect the hydraulic equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. in-flight re-fueling probe. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A Excludes. furnishings—cargo.Downloaded from http://www. Includes. test. Electronic Systems. a transformer rectifier unit and power contactors c. accumulators. etc. and power takeoff for hydraulic pumps and electrical generator system and fuel motive flow pumps. Airframe mounted accessory drive (AMAD) d. ground checkout operations of aircraft accessories. stabilizer. Electronic Systems. Air turbine starter e. Equipment installed to provide electrical power function. aft fuselage and vertical tail b. test. Hydraulic tubing. rudder.3. Includes. Power takeoff shafts and oil cooling lines b. reservoirs. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. which provide the electrical power function. test. emergency starting during flight.2. the AC and DC distribution of this power supply and the provision for exterior lighting. valves. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. regulators and associated plumbing distribution systems to provide hydraulic power b. A. Power relays.3.. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Wire bundles and miscellaneous electrical parts. for example: a.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. ailerons. assembly. Auxiliary power unit (APU) c. etc. circuit breakers and distribution systems between electronic mission equipments 37 . for example: a. This system provides hydraulic power for the actuation of landing/launching gear subsystems. for example: a. The equipment that performs engine start up on the ground. battery system.everyspec. included in airframe as well as the installation of flight control subsystems into the appropriate basis structures element NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Electronic Systems. A. Secondary power.4 Hydraulic Subsystem.4. Pumps.3 Auxiliary Power Subsystem. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.3. for example: a. Generator system. the AC and DC distribution of this power supply and exterior lighting in the center fuselage. A. Structural control surfaces.5 Electrical Subsystem. gun drive and flight control surfaces. assembly. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. etc. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. check valves. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Includes.4.2. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.

seals. Aircraft system human interfaces and components that sustain and protect the human operators. seat survival kits. glare shields. Crew. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. flight clothing. Crew environment habitability considerations. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. gravity onset protective systems. secondary structure. helmet mounted devices.Downloaded from http://www. survival equipment. cyclic and collective i. actuators. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Integration tests related to human interface with the air vehicle. relative humidity. air velocity and pressurization k.4. cooling systems. frames g. noise attenuation systems. troops. bailout or emergency egress. Environmental equipment and distribution systems on board the air vehicle for air conditioning and cooling equipment compartments. life support system man rating. for example: a. Aero-medical equipment (AE) f. pressurization of seals. parachutes. fuel tanks and antiicing. The provisions and space allocated to the human component of the weapon system that allow performance of specific functions to ensure mission success. consoles. human factors design features. Primary structure supporting seat installations and restraints covered under the airframe WBS element b. display/control locations and configuration. restraint systems. control grips such as those for the stick/yoke. cooling lines and other plumbing required in supplying air and other cooling media from supply sources to the controlled environment.everyspec. Display/control interfaces. transparencies. oxygen systems. laser threat protection. Crash protection devices. Life support systems. speech intelligibility.6 Crew Station Subsystem. sequencing systems. personal flotation devices. test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. radiation hazard. and anthropometry for air vehicle interface. Electronic Systems.3. personal connection systems c. lighting. Displays hardware/software covered under the data display and controls WBS element c. passenger. communication systems. head protection.2. personal cargo stowage.7 Environmental Control Subsystem. ejection seats. interior/exterior lighting. and passengers. Human interface. Canopy/wind screen systems. flotation platforms. crashworthy seats. for example: 38 .4. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. Search and rescue equipment e. canopy/hatch removal or penetration systems. includes attenuating seats. chemical/biological protection. airbag systems and inflatable restraints d. thermal environment. throttle. body armor. ejection tests. armored seats. slides. assembly. Includes. Electronic Systems. seat installations.3. pedals. for example: a. assembly. workload and situational awareness evaluations. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and waste management systems h. acoustical noise. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and lighting mockup evaluations Excludes. survival radios/beacons b. physiological monitoring systems. Wiring and plumbing for air crew support covered under the airframe WBS element NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. A. instrument panels. The distribution system provides for air ducts.2. anti-exposure systems. test. emergency exits. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. switches. Includes. A. Escape systems. control and mission tasks j. including part task and full mission simulations. and troop compartment geometry and design. display symbology definition.

Equipment and distribution systems to provide fuel to the engines b. tubes. Alighting gear. including associated functions such as fuel pressurization. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. d. tires. cooling lines and other plumbing required for cockpit air conditioning and pressurization Equipment compartment and individual air units air conditioning. and fuel tanks Bleed air for the gun gas purging.3. for example: a. Equipment and distribution systems installed in the air vehicle to provide fuel to the engines and the auxiliary power unit. Environmental control. air flow regulation system. and non-separable from. pressurization of canopy seal. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. and in-flight refueling c. Arresting hook system and related doors and mechanisms A. Includes. A. rotary wing pylons. No tail rotor 39 . which interconnect the fuel subsystem equipment and storage cell in the air vehicle NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Environmental and distribution systems on board the air vehicle to include fabricated air ducts. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A a.2. and a suit ventilation system.. roll. air induction system. Main landing gears. the devices for extension. racks. gauging. for example: a. defueling. test. etc.Downloaded from http://www. raw. retraction. and thrust forces. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Associated functions included in the system are fuel storage. which are inherent to. The structural and mechanical gear and associated equipment.8 Fuel Subsystem. Electronic Systems. Main rotor head c. defueling etc. gauging. which provide the lift and direction for Air Vehicle powered flight for rotary aircraft. mounts. including doors. A. plumbing etc. assembly. test. starters.3..4. venting.2. intersystem cables and distribution boxes. Tail rotor blade d. e. Main rotor blade b. thrust vector devices. assembly. Includes.3. hydraulics. and the mechanical devices for arresting the air vehicle. inlet control system d.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. b. and windshield anti-icing and defogging subsystems Air refrigeration system. fuel management.4.2.9 Landing Gear. Electronic Systems.everyspec. the assembled structure NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. liquid cooling system. pressurization. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. nose landing gear c. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. for example: a. wheels. exhausts. Includes. venting. Items that impart the pitch. b. etc.4. c. for maneuvering of the air vehicle while on the ground. thrust reversers. Fuel lines. and locking this gear.10 Rotor Group. brakes.

Dynamic systems. equipment. Integral communication. and Checkout. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined.2. Test. and software required to assemble and test the avionics suite parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. Includes. assembly. for example: a. A. parts. if not furnished as an integral part of the propulsion unit A. for example: a. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. data links. structures.3.4 Avionics. for example: a. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. identification equipment (IFF).4.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Survival/radios/beacons included under the Crew Station WBS element c. Those items that pertain to the engine control units such as transmissions and gear boxes. Mission equipment on board the air vehicle. 40 .3. materials.11 Drive System. Assembly. All vehicle subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element. test.13 Other Vehicle Subsystems 1…n (Specify).everyspec. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. and production of mating surfaces. and control boxes associated with the specific equipment b.2. propellers. navigation. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. NOTE 1: Refer to Appendix B. This element should be replaced with other productoriented vehicle subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.2.4. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.4.4. and identification package (if used) Excludes. A. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A A. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle to perform the navigational guidance function. A.4.4. Intercoms.4.2. Includes. development.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. assembly.3 Navigation/Guidance.12 Vehicle Subsystems Software Release 1…n. radio system(s).Downloaded from http://www. Speech intelligibility work performed under the Crew Station WBS element b.1 Avionics Integration.3. A.4.2 Communication/Identification. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4.2.2. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle for communications and identification purposes. gear boxes. test. A. transmissions. Aircrew mounted communication components included under the Crew Station WBS element NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Electronic Systems. which is primarily electronic in nature.2.

Radar. test. Includes. Display size/location and symbology definition included under the crew station 41 . NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. Self-contained navigation and air data systems d. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. display processors. direction finding set. which provides the intelligence necessary for weapons delivery such as bombing. and other equipment homogeneous to the navigation/guidance function NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. or sights e. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. for example: a. assembly. rendezvous and/or tracking c. A. The equipment (hardware/software) that visually presents processed data by specially designed electronic devices through interconnection (on or off-line) with computer or component equipment and the associated equipment needed to control the presentation of the primary flight information and tactical information to the crew.4. assembly. if integral to the fire control system. radar altimeter. Electronic Systems.4 Mission Computer/Processing. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle.2. and firing.everyspec. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A Includes. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Includes. radio. Apertures/antennas.4. Bombing computer and control and safety devices NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.5 Fire Control. launching. which are included under the crew station b. for example: a. Electronic Systems. scopes. doppler compass. Dedicated displays. Electronic Systems. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. assembly. and on-board mission planning systems Excludes. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Indicators and instruments not controlled by keyboard via the multiplex data bus and panels and consoles. test. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. for example: a.6 Data Display and Controls. A.2. computer.4. or other essential navigation equipment. control display units.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Multi-function displays. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. The master data processing unit(s) responsible for coordinating and directing the major avionic mission systems. necessary for search.4. test. Radars and other sensors b.4. target identification. A.Downloaded from http://www.

assembly.2. and motion sensors 42 . accelerometers. test. Data link Excludes. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. for example: a. for example: a. enable the crew to control the flight path of the aircraft and provide lift. and other elements devoted to transmitting flight control data c. assembly. assembly. in combination with the flight controls subsystem (under vehicle subsystems).Downloaded from http://www. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. A. electronic countermeasures. Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in. infrared. test. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.4. and other sensors b. Flight control sensors such as pressure transducers. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. A. for example: a. rate gyros. and other devices typical of this mission function NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. for example: a. electronic. Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in. which. data formatting.2. Those electronic devices and sensors. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. Gun cameras NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. A. infra-red jammers. Electronic devices required for signal processing. terrain-following radar. or attached to. trim. the data buses. or attached to. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.7 Survivability. drag. Search receivers c. Electronic Systems. the air vehicle necessary to the reconnaissance mission.4.9 Automatic Flight Control.4. software.2.everyspec.8 Reconnaissance. or conversion effects. which assist in penetration for mission accomplishment. Includes. Photographic. Includes. test.4. and data transmitting elements that are devoted to processing data for either primary or automatic flight control functions b. optical links.4. Flight control computers. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Recorders d. warning devices and other electronic devices. jamming transmitters. and interfacing between the flight control elements. Electronic Systems. Magazines f. Includes. signal processors. the air vehicle. Electronic Systems. Ferret and search receivers. chaff. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Warning devices e.

test. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.2.4. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented avionics subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. assembly.everyspec. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A Excludes. assembly. other aircraft subsystems and weapons.2. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle to provide the firepower functions and weapons delivery capability. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.5 Armament/Weapons Delivery. Electronic Systems. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. assembly. test. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. which are included under other avionics WBS elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Includes. All avionics software not associated with a specific Level 4 element.4. for example: 43 .2. A.Downloaded from http://www. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. The avionics subsystem that controls and monitors the operational state of aircraft installed stores and provides and manages the communications between aircraft stores. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4.4. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Electronic Systems.12 Avionics Software Release 1…n. control surfaces. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.2. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle for malfunction detection and reporting. test. A.13 Other Avionics Subsystems 1…n (Specify). assembly. test. and actuating devices—covered under the airframe WBS element b. A. Electronic Systems. navigation computers. A.2. Avionics devices and sensors--central computers. Devices—linkages. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.10 Health Monitoring System. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.11 Stores Management. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. A. avionics data buses and navigation sensors. for example: a.4.4. Electronic Systems.4.

Multi-use equipment like antennas. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A a. A. control boxes. and gun cameras Launchers. typically consists of non-mission specific removable items. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. This element includes the provisions that sustain and support the passengers. mounts. pods. environmental control. turrets.4. for example. Electronic Systems. or which provide the ancillary functions to the applicable mission equipments. Wiring and plumbing for air crew support covered under the Airframe WBS element A. All items pertaining to the crew station subsystem element b. bomb racks. Displays hardware/software covered under the data display and controls WBS element d. not homogeneous to the prescribed WBS elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. racks. Guns. ammunition feed and ejection mechanisms. Bombing/navigation system (included in the fire control element) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. integral release mechanisms.2. and mountings. assembly.everyspec. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. assembly. pods. power supplies. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. electronics. weapon direction equipment.4.8 Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n. test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. All air vehicle software not associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 element. Seats Excludes. and rotodomes b. Primary structure supporting seat installations and restraints covered under the airframe WBS element c. and other mechanical or electromechanical equipments specifically oriented to the weapons delivery function Excludes. Executive interiors c. a. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. Electronic Systems. high energy weapons. A. Includes. b.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and/or armament/weapons delivery equipment not allocable to individual element equipments. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. 44 .6 Auxiliary Equipment. Auxiliary airframe. for example: a. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Carpets b.Downloaded from http://www. test. pylons. for example: a.7 Furnishing and Equipment. for example: a.4. Auxiliary airframe equipment such as external fuel tanks. Includes. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.

All efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. to provide the integration.4.everyspec.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 45 .9 Air Vehicle Integration Assembly. A. and checkout of all Level 3 elements to form the air vehicle as a whole. assembly. Test. test.2. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Aircraft. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX A A.3 Common WBS Elements. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions.4. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. and Checkout.Downloaded from http://www. and all other defense material items.

Mark and Mod Nomenclature System MIL-HDBK-1812. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.ieee. B. Definitions for WBS elements common to Electronic Systems and all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements.2 Non-Government publications. Type Designation.12-1990 (R2002).ansi. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. Unless otherwise indicated. Assignment and Method for Obtaining B.2. PA 19111 STANDARDS MIL-STD-196E.Downloaded from http://www. GUIDE FOR SYSTEMS AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING – SOFTWARE LIFE CYCLE PROCESSES ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore. The following standards form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. and handbooks are available from the: Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) database (https://assist.daps. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. Army Nomenclature System MIL-STD-1661. copies of federal and military specifications.dla.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and definitions for the prime mission product (PMP) and platform integration.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. standards. Joint Electronics Type Designation System MIL-STD-1464A. Inc. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B APPENDIX B: ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS B. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. NJ 08854-4141 www. 4th Floor New York.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS B.everyspec.1 Government Publications.org 46 .org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology IEEE/EIA 12207-2008.mil) Document Automation & Production Service 700 Robbins Avenue Building 4/D Philadelphia. NY.

1 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.n Subsystem Integration.1 1.5 1.n (Specify) PMP Subsystem 1.2 1.2.11.10..2 1.Downloaded from http://www.8.0 1.5.n Subsystem Integration. Test and Checkout PMP Integration.n (Specify) PMP Subsystem Hardware 1.7.9. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts 47 .11.1..9 1.10.3 1.6.7 1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.7.n PMP Subsystem Software Release 1.2 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4 1.3 1.5.5 1.6.1..2 1.n (Specify) Software Product Engineering Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1. Assembly..12 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Electronic System Prime Mission Product (PMP) 1.2.5.1 1.3 1. Test and Checkout System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly.1 1..3 1.10 1. Assembly.7.4 1.2.7.1. Assembly.2 1.10..1.3 1.6 1.7. Test and Checkout Platform Integration.1....1 1.1.3 1.1 1.1.5.everyspec..5.1.2 1. Test and Checkout PMP Software Release 1.6. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B.1..1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.11..11 1.10.10.2 1.8.2 1.5 1.4 1.8 1.5 1.9. Assembly.1 1.3 1.4 1.1.1.2 1.1.

however.Downloaded from http://www. The numbering system is numeric.3.3 Numbering of the WBS. B. and performance.transmitter. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. even after contract award. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. This is called the 100% rule. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. In addition. For those elements. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. and receiver. 4) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . 2) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports.e. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.3. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. but only for those elements. Program Management. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. high risk. or high technical interest. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level).everyspec. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. Under normal circumstances. it should be included within that element. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. System Test and Evaluation.3. For example. 3) In some cases. Integration.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L). extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility. Training. For example. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. depending on how software is developed. antenna. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. schedule. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter.. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. In each appendix. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. Acquisition Logistics. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. WBS elements that are common (i.1. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem.e. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. B. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. Therefore. However.3. 48 . threat. Systems Engineering. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. Assembly. B.3. Test and Checkout. For example.

1.3. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. and production of complete units (i.Downloaded from http://www. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. and so forth. All whole and partial prime contractor. spares. Where this structure occurs. information system. services.g. test and checkout.e. 1. special tooling. 1. assembly.2. 1. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. the parent WBS (e. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖).2. subcontractor.3.. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. as well as all technical and management activities associated with individual hardware/software elements b. test and checkout associated with the overall prime mission product (PMP). Factory special test equipment. radar system. development and production of complete units (i. etc. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. the prototype or operationally configured units. and vendor breadboards.1 Electronic System. The complex of equipment (hardware/software). etc. Duplicate or modified factory special test equipment delivered to the Government for depot repair (should be included in the peculiar support equipment element) 49 .1. This WBS element includes the design. the structure and definitions in this appendix apply. navigation/guidance system. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B.2. NOTE 2: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists. electronic warfare system.1.4 DEFINITIONS B. test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. data. and production planning required to fabricate the PMP Excludes.e. 1. communications system. Includes.) Consumed or planned to be consumed in support of system level tests b. for example: a. each PMP will be listed separately at Level 2 c. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor B. regardless of end use) and is comprised of the sub elements listed below. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specification(s). development. NOTE 1: To differentiate between the Electronic System category and other defense materiel item categories..g. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example.4. and facilities required to develop and produce an electronic system capability such as a command and control system.3. The design. Only those "less than whole" units (e. for example: a.2 Prime Mission Product (PMP) 1…n (Specify). brass boards. sensor system.1. when the electronic system comprises several PMPs.. support system. use the following rule: When the item is a stand-alone system or used on several systems but not accounted for within the system. All integration.2..everyspec.4. regardless of end use) e. the prototype or operationally configured units. and qualification test units d.1. Integration. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example. use the Electronic System category. assembly. B.2. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). The hardware and software used to accomplish the primary mission of the defense materiel item.

Interface materials and parts required for the in-plant integration and assembly of other Level 4 components into the electronic subsystem and all materials and parts or other mating equipments furnished by/to an integrating agency or contractor e. and other devices associated with the operational electronic subsystem f. consisting of the applications and system software required to direct and maintain the specific electronic subsystem c. including the subsystem hardware and software integration and test d. for example: a. development. special tooling.2. test and checkout of these elements into the prime mission product NOTE: All software that is an integral part of any specific equipment system. and assembly efforts to provide each electronic subsystem as an entity Excludes. Cables. All associated special test equipment. Assembly.1 Prime Mission Product Subsystem 1…n (Specify).Downloaded from http://www. the following structure and definitions should be used: LEVEL X LEVEL Y PMP Subsystem Hardware 1…n (Specify) PMP Subsystem Software Release 1. component or effort.1. Assembly.n (Specify) Software Product Engineering (defined per 4. shelters. All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. It may be appropriate to collect lower level information when it exists.2. subsystem. The hardware and software components of the specific electronic subsystem. subsystem or component specification or specifically designed and developed for system test and evaluation should be identified with that system.2.2.. Software components. and checkout of hardware components and software into an electronic subsystem.1) Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1…n (defined per 4.2.2.3) Subsystem Integration. for example: a. production planning.everyspec.. test. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B. The design. In such cases. connectors.4. Test and Checkout 50 . conduits. Includes. production. assembly.1. assembly. All in-plant integration.2) Subsystem Integration. Test and checkout (defined per 4.1. and all technical and management activities b.

Software qualification testing f. Subsystem integration management c. Software Integration e.2. Test and Checkout. When COTS/GOTS is to be used and integrated. Assembly. a portion or all of one or more CSCIs will be completed.1.1. Sound software product engineering is a systematic framework. conduct and teardown and review. All of the resources associated with the PMP software product engineering efforts. CSCIs are the major software products of a system acquisition.4. Subsystem Integration. Integration test preparations. b. items (f) through (i) are typical integration activities. 51 .1. or other software development methods are used. analysis and documentation of subsystem integration results. for example: a. The resources associated with the PMP subsystem software that is associated with the PMP subsystem for release 1…n. Test and Checkout B. COTS/GOTS glue code development k. COTS/GOTS component identification h. Commercial off the Shelf (COTS)/Government off the Shelf (GOTS) approach g. Includes. Includes. Development of integration plans and procedures e. A release is a separately tested and delivered product. An aggregation of software or any of its discrete portions that satisfies an end use function and has been designated by the Government or Contractor. multiple releases may be necessary to meet program requirements.1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B.2 Prime Mission Product Subsystem Software Release 1…n (Specify).2. All resources necessary to integrate the subsystem components as a complete subsystem b.4. but will be successively more functional as each release is completed.2.2.2. The hardware and associated resource components of the specific electronic/automated software subsystem. which breaks down the software development process by relating each level to a knowledge domain and localizing exactly on those qualities that become visible in that knowledge domain. COTS/GOTS assessment and selection i.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1. When incremental. When a release is complete.1 Software Product Engineering.2. A software release is an aggregate of one or more CSCIs that satisfies a specific set or subset of requirements. Software product engineering is focused on process maturity and continuous improvement. spiral. COTS/GOTS prototyping j. if the Government did not specify. Software code and unit test d. Software architecture and design c. The resources specifically related to evaluating the CSCIs and hardware operation as a subsystem.2 Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1…n (Specify). Software requirements b. B. Requirements definition.1 Prime Mission Product Subsystem Hardware 1…n (Specify). Therefore.2. Assembly. for configuration management. B. for example: a. Software product engineering. Within releases are CSCIs.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a.4.everyspec. which are developed in accordance with standard DoD or commercial practices and processes. B.2. a CSCI may appear in one or more releases. planning and scheduling d.3 Subsystem Integration. COTS/GOTS tailoring and configuration When software development is accomplished. Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1…n c. items (a) through (e) are typical development activities.4. (ANSI/IEEE 12207) Includes.

Software product engineering.3 Prime Mission Product Integration. An aggregation of software or any of its discrete portions that satisfies an end use function and has been designated by the Government or Contractor. if the Government did not specify. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B B. COTS/GOTS glue code development k. Subsystem Integration. The resources associated with PMP subsystem software that is not associated with the PMP subsystem (i. which breaks down the software development process by relating each level to a knowledge domain and localizing exactly on those qualities that become visible in that knowledge domain.2 Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1…n (Specify). All resources necessary to integrate the subsystem components as a complete subsystem b. Software requirements b. conduct and teardown and review. test.2.4. Software product engineering is focused on process maturity and continuous improvement. COTS/GOTS tailoring and configuration B. which are developed in accordance with standard DoD or commercial practices and processes.4. Distributed SW environment) for release (1. This WBS element contains all of the resources in order to perform integration.1 Software Product Engineering.3 Platform Integration. CSCIs are the major software products of a system acquisition. Requirements definition. Test and Checkout. Software integration e.4. 52 .4. COTS/GOTS prototyping j. Assembly. The resources specifically related to evaluating the CSCIs and hardware operation as a subsystem. for configuration management.2. analysis and documentation of subsystem integration results B.2.n).2.2. Includes.4. (ANSI/IEEE 12207) Includes. Test and Checkout.. Assembly. Test and Checkout B. This is the process of combining and evaluating CSCIs and Hardware of a system or segment of a system that have undergone individual CSCI and hardware qualification test. for example: a. for example: a..2. COTS/GOTS component identification h. Subsystem integration management c. The effort involved in providing technical and engineering services to the platform manufacturer or integrator during the installation and integration of the PMP into the host system. b. Development of integration plans and procedures e. assembly.3 Subsystem Integration. Software code and unit test d. Computer Software Configuration Item (CSCI) 1…n c. Assembly.4. Sound software product engineering is a systematic framework. COTS/GOTS assessment and selection i.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Test and Checkout. Software qualification testing f.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. Commercial off the Shelf (COTS)/Government off the Shelf (GOTS) approach g.2. and check out of the PMP. B.e. B. Includes. All of the resources associated with the PMP software product engineering efforts. Software architecture and design c.2 Prime Mission Product Software Release 1…n (Specify).2. planning and scheduling d.. Assembly. Integration test preparations.

com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and test groups Excludes. for example: a. Labor required to analyze. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. 53 .4 Common WBS Elements. and develop the interfaces with other host vehicle subsystems b. Remaining Common WBS Elements. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX B Includes. subcontractors. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Electronics Systems.4. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. design. and associated contractors B.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. associated contractors. Technical liaison and coordination with the military services subcontractors. Drawing preparation and establishment of equipment requirements and specifications c. and all other defense materiel items.everyspec. All integration effort not directly associated with the host vehicle and management liaison with the military services.

USA Phone: (610) 832-9500 Fax: (610) 832-9555 54 . (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. Definitions for WBS elements common to the missile system and all other defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Inc.1 Non-Government publications.everyspec. NY.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street.org American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) ASTM F2541-06 Guide for Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) Autonomy and Control ASTM Standards can be found online at: ht tp : // www.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.ieee.12-1990 (R2002).Downloaded from http://www.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS C. a s t m. NJ 08854-4141 www.2.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for missile systems. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C APPENDIX C: MISSILE SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS C. Pennsylvania. 4th Floor New York. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore. C. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610.ansi.o r g 100 Barr Harbor Drive West Conshohocken.

1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1. Assembly.1. Test and Checkout Sensor Assemblies Navigation Software Release 1…n (Specify) Other Navigation Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Controls Controls Integration.1.everyspec.1.3 1.1.3.1. Test and Checkout Antenna Assembly Communications Software Release 1…n Other Communications Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Payload Payload Integration.1.2.7 1.7.3 1.1.1 1. Assembly. Test and Checkout Target Detection Mechanism Target Detection Device 55 . Assembly.5 1.4.2.1.2 1.6.1.6.1.1.5 1.1.8.2.1.1.1.5.2 1.6 1.0 1.2 1.1 1.1.7.6 1. Assembly.2.1 1.7 1.9 1.1.7.2.1.1.1.1.6. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C.2 1.4 1.4 1.8 1.1.1.1.Downloaded from http://www.6.7.4 1.1.3.1.5 1.1.8 1.1 1.1.1.1 1.5.5.2.5.1.6 1.1.3.4.2.1.2 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.8.4 1.3 1. Assembly.3.6.2 1.6 1.1. Test and Checkout Dome Assembly Seeker Assemblies Guidance Software Release 1…n Other Guidance Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Navigation Navigation Integration. Assembly.1.1.1 1.4. Test and Checkout Primary Structure Secondary Structure Aero-Structures Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify) Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Specify Propulsion Integration.1.2.5 1.1.2 1.3 Level 1 Level 2 Missile System Air Vehicle Level 3 Level 4 Airframe Airframe Integration.4 1.1.1.8.3 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.1. Assembly.1.6.1 1.1.5 1. Assembly.1.3. Test and Checkout Primary Structure Fin/Canard Deployment System Actuators Control Power Controls Software Release 1…n Other Control Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Communications Communications Integration.1 1.1.1.7 1.5 1.1.4.1.1.6.1.4.1.1.1 1.1. Test and Checkout Motor/Engine (Specify) Thrust Vector Actuation Attitude Control System Fuel/Oxidizer Liquid Management Arm/Fire Device Flight Termination/Mission Termination Propulsion Software Release 1…n Other Propulsion Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Power and Distribution Power and Distribution Integration.3 1.4 1.1.3 1.1. Test and Checkout Primary Power Power Conditioning Electronics Distribution Harness Power and Distribution Software Release 1…n Other Power and Distribution Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Guidance Guidance Integration.4 1.3.2.4 1.1.2 1.3 1.

5 1.4 1.1.1 1. Assembly.3 1.1.1 1.9 1.12 1.1.10.3.5 1.16 1.10 1.13 1.3 1.10.3 1.11.10.3.14 1.13.1.8 1.3.4 1.4 1.2.3.1.12 1.9.2 1. Assembly.2 1.8.5 1.2.1.1.1 1.6 1. Identification and Tracking Sensors Launch and Guidance Control Communications Launcher Equipment Auxiliary Equipment Booster Adapter Command and Launch Software Release 1…n Other Command and Launch 1…n (Specify) Missile System Software Release 1…n Missile System Integration.7 1.1.1 1.12.13. Test and Checkout Encasement Device Encasement Device Integration.8.2 1.9.13.13. Assembly.2 1.2 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2 1.6 1.1.3 1.5 1. Assembly.1 1.Downloaded from http://www.15 1.7 1.13 1.8.9.1 1.8 1. Test and Checkout Encasement Device Structure Encasement Device Software Release 1…n Other Encasement Device Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Command and Launch Command and Launch Integration.1.4 Fuze Payload Software Release 1…n Other Payload Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Reentry System Post Boost System Ordnance Initiation Set On Board Test Equipment On Board Training Equipment Auxiliary Equipment Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n Air Vehicle Integration.4 1.10 1.3.11.3 1.10.11 1.2 1.2. Test and Checkout Surveillance.5 1.10.3.9 1.3 1.3.3.4 1.2 1.2 1.8.1 1.12.1. Test and Checkout System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly.everyspec.8.3.6 1.9 1.4 1.1 1.8. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion 56 .2.8.11 1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C 1.3 1.8.

For example. Test and Checkout. for example. For example.2 1. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter.14. 4) In some cases. Training. This is called the 100% rule. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. However.13.e.transmitter. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. but only for those elements. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility. In addition. Program Management. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L). and receiver.. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. 57 . The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle.14. Assembly. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C 1. Systems Engineering. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). System Test and Evaluation.everyspec. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem.1 1.3.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. and performance. For example. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS.3 1. C. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed.Downloaded from http://www.5 1. even after contract award.15 Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts C. high risk. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. WBS elements that are common (i. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. For those elements. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.14 1.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. threat. it should be included within that element. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. schedule. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports.14. or high technical interest. depending on how software is developed. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. These "other" elements would be used if. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. Integration.e. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element. antenna. Under normal circumstances.3. 2) In each of the appendices. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i.. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. Therefore.

then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix.3. and production of complete units (i. adhesives. GMLRS.2.3. Missiles may be classified as tactical or strategic (such as ballistic missiles).3 Numbering of the WBS. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.4.1.1. Tomahawk.g.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions.e. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. Includes. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. and fairings not directly applicable to any other Level 3 air vehicle subsystem c.1 Airframe. The complex of hardware. Wings and fins that provide aerodynamic flight control in response to electro-mechanical signals and are attached to the air vehicle body b. but are not limited to: AIM-9X. It also includes the design.everyspec. and so forth. Specific examples include. AARGM. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. Standard Missile. RAM. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. however. fuel tanks that integral with the structure. 1.2. Patriot. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS.2. software. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only.1.1 Missile System. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specification(s). Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor C. data.4 DEFINITIONS C. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C. For example.4. skins.Downloaded from http://www. services.. covers. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. Javelin.3. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. mounting surfaces and environmental protection for the air vehicle components. 1. the parent WBS (e. and Trident.1. JASSM. C. JAGM. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example.2.3. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. HARM. Structural body assemblies including the structure. This element comprises the structural framework that provides the aerodynamic shape. and facilities required to develop and produce the capability of employing a missile weapon in an operational environment to detect and defeat selected targets. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. C..1. which are not directly applicable to other specific Level 3 air vehicle subsystems.2 Air Vehicle. development.1. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed.4. for example: a. Protection devices for stressing environmental conditions such as thermal protection system or rain erosion that are not directly applicable to other Level 3 air vehicle subsystems 58 . If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. regardless of end use).2. the prototype or operationally configured units.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. In each appendix. Minuteman. Stinger. TOW. ESSM. AMRAAM. 1.3.2. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). Where this structure occurs. C.3. The numbering system is numeric. C. 1. An Air vehicle is a guided weapon self-propelled after leaving its launching device that has as its purpose the delivery of a payload for destruction (or defeat) of some object or target. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖). Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible.

2. Test. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. the wings.2 Motor/Engine (Specify). In addition it includes the hardware and secondary structure to provide interfaces to other elements such as raceways.3 Secondary Structure. propellant. to deliver the fuel and oxidizer to the combustion chamber.2. connectors. This element comprises the secondary hardware needed to maintain aerodynamic shapes. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. this element includes those structural elements that transfer the thrust loads or provide the primary path for vehicle loads through the propulsion system such as forward and aft skirts and/or interstages or other components through which the propulsion system is attached to the missile air vehicle and transfers primary loads. liquid.1. internal insulation. Propulsion System. is combusted and expelled through a nozzle. Test. structures. It includes any turbines. access doors. and all other installed subsystem equipment integral to the rocket motor or engine as an entity within itself. parts.4. The total propulsion system may be composed of one or more subsystems that ignite.2. instrumentation. etc. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. for example. interfaces to loading and launching devices. and Checkout. equipment. structures. parts. pumps. Assembly. Solid Rocket Motor.2 Propulsion Subsystem 1…n (Specify). For example.1. This element and the Level 4 elements below comprise the equipment to make up a single propulsion system. and production of mating surfaces. Where applicable.2.2.4. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. interfaces between other subsystems. canards. Liquid Rocket Engine. C. protection subsystems such as a Thermal Protection System (TPS). This element comprises the hardware needed for aerodynamic flight effects.2. and Checkout.4.4. burn. Includes. b.2.5 Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify). This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. C. C. C.2.1.1. and other hard points needed to protect the air vehicle from environmental induced loads. Airframe. materials. Assembly.2.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C. not included in the above Level 4 elements.1 Propulsion System Integration. Individual subsystems may employ solid.4. This element is applicable to a liquid propulsion system and is a thrust producing device in which liquid fuel and oxidizer are delivered to the engine. This element comprises the structural framework that provides for load carry hardware such as the air carry system. It includes the pressure vessel. and production of mating surfaces. solid propellant and a nozzle.everyspec.4 Aero – Structures. fins. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. It includes. valves. etc.1. made up of fuel and oxidizer.2. and inlets for air breathing propulsion. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. If applicable it includes the functionality to move the nozzle or a portion of the nozzle but not the actuation subsystem to cause that movement. This element comprises the complex of equipment. C.Downloaded from http://www.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. C. The equipment to provide thrust to propel the air vehicle on its intended flight.2 Primary Structure. controls.4. The structure (integral to the propulsion system). and may be jettisoned sequentially over the course of flight. and other structure not directly associated with the primary structure or other Level 3 subsystems. or any other hardware that interfaces with other elements of the air vehicle except for primary structural elements. equipment. development. C. fuel tanks. stability systems. Within the engine the fuel and oxidizer are combusted and expelled through a nozzle to produce thrust. development. This element is applicable to a solid propulsion system and consists of the thrust producing component in which solid propellant. cutouts. It may include valves or other control components to throttle the thrust level during operation as well as additional 59 . for example: a. may include Booster Adapter.1 Airframe Integration. materials.4. or airbreathing technologies. an igniter.

manifolds b. etc. compressors.everyspec. The Attitude Control System (ACS) or Divert/Attitude Control Systems (DACS) that are separate from the propulsion rocket motor or engine. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. The engine operates to mix and combust the air and fuel and to expel the products through a nozzle to produce thrust. This element is applicable to an air breathing propulsion system in which a stream of air is supplied to the engine along with a liquid fuel. 60 . NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. It does not include aerodynamic inlets on the air vehicle to deliver air to the engine. Control system for the ACS/DACS to the extent that the control system is integral to the propulsion system Excludes.2. assembly. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C c. Includes. gas tanks. test.2. valves. injectors. thrusters for vehicle control. Electronic Systems. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4 Attitude Control System. solid propellant. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. These systems can be of any type: cold gas. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. assembly. assembly. Vanes or other similar items mounted external to the propulsion system that may act on the exhaust from the propulsion system unless they are part of a item integral to the propulsion system b.3 Thrust Vector Actuation. Any other part of the control system for the air vehicle NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. for example: a. etc. C. for example: a. test. propellant tanks. liquid propellant. engine or a portion of the nozzle or engine.Downloaded from http://www.4. Those items integral to the propulsion system to move the nozzle. for example: a. test. C.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electronic Systems. to act on the air and fuel from the inlet to the engine through the exhaust from the engine. it includes the functionality to move the engine or a portion of the engine for thrust vector control but not the actuation subsystem to cause that movement. If applicable. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. warm gas. It includes all the turbines. Includes. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.2. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. The control system or elements of the control system if these are separate from the ACS/DACS with the only interface being a signal to a valve or distributor on the ACS/DACS NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. for example: a. Air Breathing Engine. Actuator and all of the components needed to move the actuator Excludes. All of the thrusters. lines.

4.6 Arm/Fire Devices. to deliver the fuel and oxidizer to the engine at the required conditions.4. assembly. C.2.3.8 Propulsion Software Release 1…n. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.2. C. C. pumps. Excludes. It excludes power conditioning integral to other Level 3 elements.1 Power and Distribution Integration. Power and Distribution.4. C. All propulsion subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. test.2.2. materials. Test. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element.4.4. This element comprises prime power and distribution for the air vehicle. and Checkout.7 Flight Termination/Mission Termination. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration.2.3 Power Conditioning Electronics.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. All of the tanks.2. C. structures. Assembly.Downloaded from http://www.2. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4. equipment.4.3. development. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element.2. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. It may include the ability to arm and disarm.2.2 Primary Power. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Electronic Systems. assembly. This element comprises the complex of equipment. test. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.2.5 Fuel/Oxidizer Liquid Management. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. for example: a. lines. Electronic Systems. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Hardware and ordnance to cause the propulsion system to cease operation and. pressurization system and/or pressure control. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. cause the propulsion system to break up.9 Other Propulsion Subsystems 1…n (Specify). C. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Electronic Systems.4.2. and production of mating surfaces. Hardware to arm.2. parts. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. which may be integral to other Level 3 elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. 61 .everyspec.2. disarm and initiate operation of the propulsion system.2. Batteries. if applicable. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. C. This element comprises primary power for the air vehicle. This element comprises prime power conditioning electronics.3 Power and Distribution. not included in the above Level 4 elements. etc.4.3. C. valves.

Electronic Systems. Electronic Systems.3. C. This WBS element is the compliment of hardware. C. implementation of guidance laws and generation of guidance commands. Assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.2. electro optical (EO). domes or radomes. structures. Radio frequency (RF).3 Seeker Assemblies.3. test.2. Control C.2. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.1 Guidance Integration. and production of mating surfaces. EO. Guidance is the process of maneuvering the air vehicle to engage the intended target. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. This element comprises the complex of equipment. software and equipment for target detection. C. not included in the above Level 4 elements. Navigation b. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Guidance. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. test.4 Distribution Harness. All power and distribution subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. materials. this may be included within the Seeker Assemblies WBS element. Includes. sensor electronics. SAL. C.2. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.2 Dome Assembly.2. C.4.4.5 Power and Distribution Software Release 1…n. as applicable).2. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. parts.4 Guidance. Excludes. assembly. assembly.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. development. for example: a. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. on-gimbal electronics and integral structure(s). etc. and associated retention mechanisms. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. for example: a. Test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Windows..4. to cover the seeker(s) apertures used for target detection and are suitable to support seeker functionality. and Checkout. which constitutes the seeker assembly. Harnessing integral to other Level 3 elements C. assembly.everyspec.4.3. signal processing. Excludes.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. gimbal assembly. and semi-active laser (SAL) sensors NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. Contingent upon the design.4. equipment.2.4. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. test. 62 .6 Other Power and Distribution Subsystems 1…n (Specify).4. This element comprises the sensors (RF. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. This element comprises prime power distribution harnesses.

Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. The compliment of hardware. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element.4. and Checkout.2 Sensor Assemblies.4 Other Navigation Subsystems 1…n (Specify). This element comprises the complex of equipment.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C. C.5.4.4 Guidance Software Release 1…n. Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and antenna b.4. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.Downloaded from http://www. Includes. C. assembly. not included in the above Level 4 elements. materials. and production of mating surfaces. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. Test. 63 . for example: a. Navigation. Control C. Assembly.4. Guidance b.2.5. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.5 Other Guidance Subsystems 1…n (Specify). Electronic Systems. Inertial sensors c.4. C.2. Excludes. structures. Altimeter NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. C. development. test. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. All guidance subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above.4. All navigation subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above.4.4. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Electronic Systems. software and equipment to measure or determine body angles and /or body linear motion and generation of navigation commands. This element should be replaced with other productoriented guidance subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. Hardware that provides data for determination of air vehicle location and orientation.2.everyspec.1 Navigation Integration.2. C.2.4.2.5 Navigation. parts.5.5. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element.3 Navigation Software Release 1…n. assembly. test. equipment.

and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.4. C.6.everyspec. Assembly. test. for example: a. Electronic Systems. equipment.6 Controls. for example: a. wing.4. 64 . C. tail.Downloaded from http://www. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. Control surfaces themselves (such as canards.2. etc. This element comprises power for the control element. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.7 Communications. C. not included in the above Level 4 elements.2.4.) included in the Airframe element C.4.2. C. The hardware for actuation to include motors and servos.6.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.7 Other Control Subsystems 1…n (Specify).5 Control Power. for example: a.3 Fin/Canard Deployment System. Thrust vector / jet van c. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. and production of mating surfaces.6. b.6. The hardware.4.6.4. parts. assembly. software and equipment for controlling the motion of the air vehicle from launch to intercept.6. Electronic Systems. All controls subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. Central power sources included in the Power and Distribution WBS element C. This element comprises the complex of equipment. Explosive charge / lateral thrusters Excludes. Includes. structures. development. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. C. Data links can be either receive only or send only (one-way) or bidirectional (two way).1 Controls Integration.2 Primary Structure. Controls. tails.4. Test. test.2.4. etc.2.6 Controls Software Release 1…n. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element.2. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element.2. and Checkout. assembly.4 Actuators. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Excludes. wings. materials. C. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. The data link equipment to enable communications between the air vehicle and an external entity (or entities).2. C. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. The structural framework not part of the Airframe element. Control devices for canard. The hardware for fin/canard deployment. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.2.6.

8. This element comprises the complex of equipment. but are not limited to.2 Antenna Assembly. Assembly. assembly and checkout of the =Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. test. and production of mating surfaces. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. kinetic energy devices. directed energy devices.4 Other Communications Subsystems 1…n (Specify). and air traffic management enabling the air vehicle to be a node in the net C.4. assembly. fragmentation.2. structures. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. test.8. Data transmission and reception for networking. TDMs include. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. EO or RF based proximity sensors and necessary hardware and software for signal processing. and propulsion. battle space awareness.1 Communications Integration. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C Includes.2.4.2. payload consists only of the TDM and its associated target detection.2.4. materials. real-time directions for aimable capabilities or layer-counting type applications. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. and penetrator-forming). Payload. conventional high explosives (explosive outputs of blast. but are not limited to. contact sensors (make or break electronics).3 Communication Software Release 1…n.4. Electronic Systems.1 Payload Integration. assembly and checkout the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element.4. C. dispensed submunitions or others. assembly. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and production of mating surfaces. parts.3 Target Detection Device (TDD). C. C.4. development. However.7. fuze. Assembly. Test.Downloaded from http://www. The hardware and software that produce(s) the desired effect on the target. equipment.4. C.2.2. not included in the above Level 4 elements. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. C. All communication subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. and Checkout.8. for example: a. Test. with complex air vehicles containing subair vehicles (submunitions). and Checkout. the payload subsystem may mimic the larger system by having its own guidance and control.4. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. Electronic Systems.7. development. C. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.8 Payload.7. The hardware comprising the Antenna Assembly or Assemblies.2 Target Defeat Mechanism. 65 . The Target Defeat Mechanism (TDM) and its support assemblies.everyspec. Normally. parts. arming and fuzing equipment. Communication. C. equipment. safe-arm. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.2. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. command and control. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. TDDs include.7. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. In multi-mission or adaptable payloads there may be a communication device that provides data to payload for output yield. The hardware and software that detects and signals the presence of a target. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. structures. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. materials.

assembly. 66 . Includes. counters. C. which provide structural support and environmental protection of nuclear payloads during the ground deployment and flight. All payload subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above.9 Re-entry System. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This element comprises the complex of equipment. which provides the proper electrical signals to detonate the warhead Excludes. if applicable.6 Other Payload Subsystems 1…n (Specify). For independent maneuvers. test. control. For exo-atmospheric missiles. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. and the hardware and software associated with the firing train. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. penetration aids and ascent shroud. which provide the reentry systems capability to acquire and track targets and execute the necessary flight path to the selected target b. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. not included in the above Level 4 elements. reentry vehicles. The equipment in the air vehicle that controls the capability of initiating the TDM (e. sensors. assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Arm and Fire (SAF) function.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4 Fuze. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.5 Payload Software Release 1…n.8. test. It includes the hardware and software for the Safe.4. C.Downloaded from http://www. Electronic Systems. The arming and fuzing system. hydrostatic. Electronic Systems. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element.4.4. test.2.2. inertial. which provides reentry protection for the internally carried warheads 1. for example: a.8. test. Electronic Systems. guidance.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. the reentry vehicle will contain navigation. Reentry vehicle (aero-structure).2. assembly. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.g. the reentry system is the aggregate of prime equipment items consisting of a deployment module. C. and timers). NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.everyspec. payload. sensors and algorithms.8. mechanical. Electronic Systems. to enable "smart fuzing". and processing systems. All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. C. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.2. for example: a. assembly.

assembly. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.2.10 Post Boost System. C. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.Downloaded from http://www. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. C. and pressurized system NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This element comprises the payload that is interchangeable with the live warhead and suitable for development or operational testing in a free flight (post launch) environment. Single warhead missile. Flight termination equipment. Through bulkhead initiators. the ordnance initiation set firing units convert the signal into ordnance outputs to the detonating cords. test.4. external protection material. Includes. test. Upon receipt of an electrical signal from the missile guidance and control system. Includes. and deployment group c. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. shroud separation. for example: a. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. assembly.12 On Board Test Equipment. motor ignition. etc. Electronic Systems. C.2. propellant storage assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Among these ordnance events are stage separation. axial engines. Electronic Systems. assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. test. In exo-atmospheric missiles.4. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. etc. structure. for example: a. the ordnance initiation set initiates all ordnance events throughout the missile and ground system (except reentry system components). provides the roll rate control and the final velocity to adjust and deploy the payload b. Multiple warhead missile. 67 . Electronic Systems. suitable for a launch and free flight environment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. structure. Special instrumentation c. test.4. Includes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.everyspec. ordnance test harnesses. velocity control system. Telemetry equipment. Recovery systems b. and firing units/exploding bridgewires NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. attitude control equipment. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded.. d. gas generator ignition.11 Ordnance Initiation Set. Exo-atmospheric missiles.

materials. C. This element comprises the primary structure of the canister or encasement device..3. which is necessary for accomplishing the assigned mission. All air vehicle software not associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 element.2. test. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. structures. for example. parts.14 Auxiliary Equipment.4. Air Vehicle. and (b) Equipment of a single purpose and function. assembly and checkout of the Level 3 elements below into their Level 2 element.2. development.4. C. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.16 Air Vehicle Integration. The hardware and software associated with the Air Vehicle Canister or Encasement device. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 2 element. This element comprises the payload that is interchangeable with the live warhead and suitable for testing in a non-launch environment. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. telemetry equipment. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. This element comprises the complex of additional external equipment generally excluded from other specific Level 3 elements. equipment. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. assembly. Test. test.2. assembly.3.2.3 Encasement Software Release 1…n.3. Assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.Downloaded from http://www.everyspec. not included in the above Level 3 elements. assembly and checkout of the above Level 3 elements into their Level 2 element.4.4. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. for example.4. and production of mating surfaces. C. etc.4 Other Encasement Device Subsystems 1…n (Specify).4. if these were not accounted for in other WBS elements. Assembly.13 On Board Training Equipment.2 Encasement Device Structure. safety and protective subsystems.4.4. development. etc.. Electronic Systems. suitable for a non-launch environment. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Includes. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. Electronic Systems. Test. 68 . This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. destruct systems. C. Encasement Device. (a) Environmental control. All Encasement software not associated with a specific Level 3 element above. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. and production of mating surfaces. C.3. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C C.3 Encasement Device. This element comprises the complex of equipment.4. C. materials. C.1 Encasement Device Integration. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle is excluded. special instrumentation. structures. parts. Includes. C. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.15 Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n. and Checkout. and Checkout. equipment.

launch. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Sensors of any spectrum (radar.4 Command and Launch.4. Launch code processing system 69 . infrared. and production of mating surfaces. command the launch. programmer group. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. C. and Tracking Sensors.1 Command and Launch Integration Assembly Test and Checkout. or training activities b.Downloaded from http://www. C. Unless they are required operational items NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. and digital data group b. Those equipments required to acquire and condition the necessary intelligence of selected targets. development. Includes. Design. materials. sea.4.4.4.4. For all classes of missiles: Includes. and launch the air vehicles of the missile system. test. communication control console. for example: a. parts. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. for example: a. destruct. Control and checkout console. data displays. and command launch.e. and provide guidance and control where such capability is not self contained aboard the air vehicle b. Electronic Systems. optical. assembly. test. command message processing group. midcourse guidance. structures. assembly and checkout of the Level 3 elements below into their Level 2 element. and checkout of these elements into the Command and Launch element is excluded. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. assembly. The equipment to target air vehicles. The sensors required to support missile systems by maintaining surveillance against incoming targets and providing the data required for targeting. The subsystems installed at a launch site or aboard launch vehicles required to store. reach launch decisions. make ready. Equipment at the launch facility/vehicle and/or the launch control center(s) (air. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. regardless of end use) C. Includes.4.everyspec. and homing where such capability is not self-contained aboard a missile system air vehicle.. secure code device.). Tracking of the missile system air vehicles as required for guidance and control or range safety b. development and production of complete units (i. equipment. for example: a. which are external to the air vehicle Excludes. Identification. for example: a. C. make launch decisions. Electronic Systems. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.3 Launch and Guidance Control. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.4. or mobile) c.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specification(s). Subsystems used in safety. etc.2 Surveillance. Command and Launch. and checkout of these elements into the Encasement Device element is excluded. the prototype or operationally configured units.

Includes. capsules. Associated hardware such as umbilicals. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. 70 . not resident on the air vehicle. which is generally excluded from other specific Level 3 elements. data processing. Communications may interface with existing fixed communication facilities or communication subsystems of launch platforms. canisters. and other common-usage items not applicable to specific elements of the ground based equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. C. fire prevention. which distributes intelligence between the air vehicle and the command and launch equipment. which support.4 Communications.4. Storage facilities and checkout stations for readiness verification when these are integral to the launcher d. launch. cabling. security systems. test.4.4. or encase the air vehicle for firing. for example: a.Downloaded from http://www. pyrotechnics.6 Auxiliary Equipment. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. suspend. integral to an air vehicle b. and checkout of these elements into the Command and Launch element is excluded.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.everyspec. for example: a. test. assembly. C. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. harnesses. and devices. power distribution systems. C. and checkout of these elements into the Command and Launch element is excluded.5 Launcher Equipment. rail launchers. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. environmental control. Power generators. The means to launch the missile air vehicle from stationary sites or mobile launch platforms. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. pods. The general purpose/multi-usage ground equipment utilized to support the various operational capabilities of the command and launch equipments. Electronic Systems. Inter-communication subsystems of launch sites for tactical and administrative message flow and ties between sensor. malfunction detection.4. Electronic Systems. test. for example: a. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Electronic Systems. which are associated systems to the missile system NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Safety and protective elements when these are not integral to the launch platform or site facilities NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Electronic Systems. and guidance control subsystems b. assembly. Vehicles. and electronics c. tubes. assembly. Such devices would be in addition to any encasement. Includes. The equipment. Includes. if applicable.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. and checkout of these elements into the Command and Launch element is excluded.

4. and all other defense materiel items. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration.6 Missile System Integration Assembly Test and Checkout. Level 3 or Level 4 element. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. C. C.4. 71 . Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Missile System. C.7 Common WBS Elements. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. All Missile System software not associated with a specific Level 2.5 Missile System Software Release 1…n. assembly. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. All command and launch software not associated with a specific Level 3 element. equipment. C. Missile System. test.7 Command and Launch Software Release 1…n.8 Other Command and Launch 1…n (Specify). Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.4. and production of mating surfaces. not included in the above Level 3 elements. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the Command and Launch element is excluded. This element comprises the complex of equipment.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.Downloaded from http://www. development. assembly and checkout of the above Level 2 elements into their Level 1 element.4. C.everyspec.4. structures. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 2 element.4. materials. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX C NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.4. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. parts.

Inc. NJ 08854-4141 www. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.org 72 . MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D APPENDIX D: ORDNANCE SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS D. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.everyspec. NY.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for the munition and launch system. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS D.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. 4th Floor New York.ansi.12-1990 (R2002). D. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 Non-Government publications.Downloaded from http://www. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. Definitions for WBS elements common to the ordnance system and all other defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.ieee.

6.3.1.1.2 1.1.3 1. Test and Checkout Antenna Assembly Communications Software Release 1…n Other Communications Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Payload Payload Integration.1.8. Test and Checkout Sensor Assemblies Navigation Software Release 1…n Other Navigation Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Controls Controls Integration.7.1.1.1. Assembly.6 Level 1 Level 2 Ordnance System Munition Level 3 Level 4 Airframe Airframe Integration.7.4 1. Assembly.1 1.1.8.7.3 1.1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.1.1. Assembly.1.1.1 1.4 1.3.1 1.6 1.1.2 1.1.5 1.1.1.1.1.1.4 1.2 1.3 1. Test and Checkout Target Defeat Mechanism Target Detection Device Fuze Payload Software Release 1…n Other Payload Subsystems 1…n (Specify) 73 . Test and Checkout Primary Structure Secondary Structure Aero-Structures Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify) Propulsion Propulsion Integration.5.5 1.8.5 1.1.1.6 1.4.Downloaded from http://www.everyspec.1 1.1.4 1. Integration.7 1. Test and Checkout Motor/Engine Fuel Management Arm/Fire Device Propulsion Software Release 1…n Other Propulsion Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Power and Distribution Power and Distribution Integration.3 1.1.1.1.2 1.6.1 1.6.2 1.1.1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D.1.2.1 1.4 1.1.1.1.5.1 1.1.1.6.1.1.2.1. Test and Checkout Primary Structure Fin/Canard Deployment System Actuators Control Power Controls Software Release 1…n Other Controls Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Communications Communications Integration.2.1.3 1.4.3.2 1.2 1. Assembly.4 1.3 1.4 1.2.1.1.1.1.1 1.5.5 1.3 1.1.1.1.1.1.3.3.6.1.3.1.8.1 1.1.4 1.3 1.8.6 1.2.8.1.4.7 1. Assembly.1.2 1.6 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. Assembly.3 1.4.6.1.1.1. Assembly.1 1. Assembly. Test and Checkout Primary Power Power Conditioning Electronics Distribution Harnesses Power and Distribution Software Release 1…n Other Power and Distribution Subsystems 1…n Guidance Guidance Integration.4.1.5.5 1.7.4 1.6.5 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.8 1. Test and Checkout Dome Assembly Seeker Assemblies Guidance Software Release 1…n Other Guidance Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Navigation Navigation.

10.3.3 1.1 1.13.13.1 1. Assembly.2.everyspec.9.2.3 1.8.2 1.10 1.3 1.1.5 1. Test and Checkout System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly.4 1.2 1.7 1.13.11.1.4 1.12 1.3 1.2 1.8.2 1.2 1.12.1 1.1 1. Test and Checkout Encasement Device Encasement Device Integration.11 1.2 1.4 1.11 1.12 1.4 1.1 1. Assembly.5 1.1.5 1.8 1.15 On Board Test Equipment On Board Training Equipment Auxiliary Equipment Munition Software Release 1…n Munition Integration.4 1.9.1.6 1. Assembly.14.12.10.2 1.3.Downloaded from http://www.13. Test and Checkout Launcher Carriage Fire Control Ready Magazine Adapter Kits Launch System Software Release 1…n Other Launch System 1…n Ordnance System Software Release 1…n Ordnance System Integration.3.2.14.3.5 1.6 1.1.9. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D 1.1 1.7 1.10.3 1.3 1.2.14 1. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts 74 .2 1.10 1.3 1.3.10.10.3.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Test and Checkout Encasement Device Structure Encasement Device Software Release 1…n Other Encasement Device Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Launch System Launch System Integration.13.14.13 1.8.13 1.2 1.2 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.3.8.3. Assembly.11.1 1.1 1.8.3 1.1 1.5 1.

The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L).everyspec. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. 2) In each of the appendices. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. The numbering system is numeric. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. depending on how software is developed. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost.e. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. 75 . WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . It may include functionality for the receiver as well. In each appendix. Therefore. For example.Downloaded from http://www. however. and performance.3. Integration. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS.3 Numbering of the WBS. WBS elements that are common (i.transmitter. 4) In some cases. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. For those elements. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar.e. D. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. For example. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. but only for those elements.3. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost. For example. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. Under normal circumstances. However. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. D. Test and Checkout. or high technical interest. Program Management. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support. Assembly. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. for example. These "other" elements would be used if. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes.3. schedule. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. antenna. Training. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. it should be included within that element. high risk. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element. This is called the 100% rule. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. System Test and Evaluation. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. In addition. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure).. threat. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. and receiver.. even after contract award. Systems Engineering.

3. projectiles. covers. The term includes. services.e.1 Airframe. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor D. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. the parent WBS (e. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration.2. MRM. D. munitions were unguided weapons unpowered after leaving its launching device that has as its purpose the destruction of some object or target. mortars.2.2. For example. materials. JSOW. 1. and production of complete units (i. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖). and facilities required to develop and produce the capability for applying munitions to a target. This element comprises the structural framework that provides the aerodynamic shape.3. Includes. SDB I.4. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. and Checkout. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed.2. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions.3.1 Ordnance System. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. This WBS element includes the design. parts.1. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. which are not directly applicable to other specific Level 3 munition subsystems. rockets. skins.. SDB II. development. D. but are not limited to: Excalibur.1. structures. 76 . 1. mounting surfaces and environmental protection for the munition components. depth charges and torpedoes.1. Assembly. Airframe.3.4 DEFINITIONS D. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix.1 Airframe Integration.1. equipment. regardless of end use) and is comprised of the sub elements listed below. and fairings not directly applicable to any other Level 3 munition subsystem c. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D. data. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible. 1. for example: a. D. If guidance and control components are added to munitions to increase accuracy those modified systems are still classified as munitions.2.g. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. Test. Structural body assemblies including the structure. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. development. Protection devices for stressing environmental conditions such as thermal protection system or rain erosion that are not directly applicable to other Level 3 munition subsystems D.4.3. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. software.2 Munition. the prototype or operationally configured units.4. Wings and fins that provide aerodynamic flight control in response to electro-mechanical signals and are attached to the munition body b.4. Historically.1.everyspec. adhesives. mines. and production of mating surfaces. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. but is not limited to. Where this structure occurs. 1. Paveway. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. bombs.2. such items as ammunition. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification.Downloaded from http://www.1. The complex of hardware. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖).1.2. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. and so forth. Specific examples of munitions include..com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.

structures.3 Secondary Structure. Rocket Motor.4 Aero – Structures. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. This element comprises the secondary hardware needed to maintain aerodynamic shapes. This element comprises the structural framework that provides for load carry hardware such as the air carry system. and other hard points needed to protect the munition from environmental induced loads. solid propellant and a nozzle.4. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. canards. fins.e.2. Wings. fuel tanks. development. instrumentation. For example. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. internal insulation.4. assembly. The structure (integral to the propulsion system). The element comprises the equipment integral to the munition. It includes the pressure vessel.4. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.1. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.2 Motor/Engine (Specify). If applicable it includes the functionality to move the nozzle or a portion of the nozzle but not the actuation system to cause that movement. access doors.. This element is applicable to a solid propulsion system and consists of the thrust producing component in which solid propellant.4. not included in the above Level 4 elements. is combusted and expelled through a nozzle. and all other installed subsystem equipment integral to the rocket motor or engine as an entity within itself. interfaces between other subsystems.1. an igniter.2. Propulsion System. parts. test. interfaces to loading and launching devices. connectors. materials.1. for example: a.1. In addition it includes the hardware and secondary structure to provide interfaces to other elements such as raceways. D. Includes.4. cutouts. protection subsystems such as a Thermal Protection System (TPS). that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. The equipment may employ solid rocket motor or air-breathing technologies.2. 77 . D.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. propellant. stability systems. etc. Electronic Systems. which provides supplemental forces post launch to propel the munition from its launch position to the target or to assist in countering the forces of drag (i.everyspec.2.5 Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify).1 Propulsion System Integration. and other structure not directly associated with the primary structure or other Level 3 subsystems. compressors. The engine operates to mix and combust the air and fuel and to expel the products through a nozzle to produce thrust. Air Breathing Engine. b. made up of fuel and oxidizer. controls. or any other hardware that interfaces with other elements of the munition except for primary structural elements.2. and inlets for air breathing propulsion D. base bleed). This element comprises the complex of equipment. injectors.2 Propulsion. to act on the air and fuel from the inlet to the engine through the exhaust from the engine.2. Includes.2 Primary Structure. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. Assembly. It does not include aerodynamic inlets on the munition to deliver air to the engine. for example: a.4. and Checkout. This element is applicable to an air breathing propulsion system in which a stream of air is supplied to the engine along with a liquid fuel.2. this element includes those structural elements that transfer the thrust loads or provide the primary path for vehicle loads through the propulsion system such as forward and aft skirts and/or interstages or other components through which the propulsion system is attached to the munition and transfers primary loads. This element comprises the hardware needed for aerodynamic flight effects. Test.Downloaded from http://www. D.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. equipment. It includes all the turbines.2. D. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D. D. etc. and production of mating surfaces.2.

development. materials. Excludes. disarm and initiate operation of the propulsion system. Assembly. D. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. to deliver the fuel and oxidizer to the engine at the required conditions.4. Electronic Systems. Electronic Systems. test. This element comprises primary power for the munition. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. structures.2. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.3.6 Other Propulsion Subsystems 1…n (Specify). and production of mating surfaces. Hardware to arm. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.3 Power and Distribution. D. All propulsion subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. test. assembly. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. D.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D.n.4.3 Power Conditioning Electronics.. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. pumps.4. valves. pressurization system and/or pressure control.2.5 Propulsion Software Release 1.everyspec. assembly. All of the tanks. D.4 Arm/Fire Devices. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.3.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. It excludes power conditioning integral to other Level 3 elements. assembly. This element comprises prime power and distribution for the munition. D.Downloaded from http://www. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. This element comprises prime power conditioning electronics.2. Test. D. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4.2.1 Power and Distribution Integration. not included in the above Level 4 elements. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Power and Distribution. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. etc. Electronic Systems. Batteries that may be integral to other Level 3 elements.3.2.4. assembly and checkout of the above Level 4 elements into their Level 3 element. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. test.4. parts. 78 .3 Fuel Management.2 Primary Power. D.4. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. for example: a. lines. This element comprises the complex of equipment.2.2. and Checkout. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. equipment.2.4.

This element comprises the complex of equipment.everyspec. for example: a. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. SAL. Harnessing integral to other Level 3 elements. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. Electronic Systems.3. Control D. domes or radomes. Excludes.6 Other Power and Distribution Subsystems 1…n (Specify). This element comprises the sensors (RF.4 Distribution Harness. Excludes.2.2. and production of mating surfaces.4. and Checkout.3 Seeker Assemblies. All power and distribution subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. parts.4. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. D.4.2. test. Includes. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. structures. for example: a. materials. which constitutes the Seeker Assembly. Navigation b.4.4. signal processing. and semi-active laser (SAL) sensors 79 . equipment. gimbal assembly. assembly. D. Assembly. D.2. to cover the seeker(s) apertures used for target detection and is suitable to support seeker functionality. Guidance. This WBS element is the compliment of hardware. EO. Guidance is the process of maneuvering the munition to engage the intended target. Windows. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. D. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4.4. Radio frequency (RF). NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. not included in the above Level 4 elements.1 Guidance Integration. etc. Electronic Systems. development.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D. D.2. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.Downloaded from http://www.2.2. electro optical (EO). for example: a. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.5 Power and Distribution Software Release 1…n.. Test. This element comprises prime power distribution harnesses.2 Dome Assembly. sensor electronics. test. implementation of guidance laws and generation of guidance commands. software and equipment for target detection. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. on-gimbal electronics and integral structure(s). and associated retention mechanisms. assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.3.4. this may be included within the Seeker Assemblies WBS element. Contingent upon the design. as applicable).4 Guidance.3.

5 Navigation.2. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4.2. The compliment of hardware. assembly and checkout the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.5 Other Guidance Subsystems 1…n (Specify).4.everyspec.4 Guidance Software Release 1…n. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. parts.1 Navigation Integration.4. Electronic Systems. D. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. assembly. for example: a.4. and Checkout. Inertial sensors c. Electronic Systems. Assembly. Altimeter NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Electronic Systems. test. test. Includes. Navigation. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. structures. Control D.4. test. D. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.5.4. equipment.4. for example: a. Excludes. software and equipment to measure or determine body angles and /or body linear motion and generation of navigation commands. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Guidance b. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.Downloaded from http://www. D.2. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined.5. and production of mating surfaces. assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. assembly. 80 . development.2. D.2. Hardware that provides data for determination of munition location and orientation.2 Sensor Assemblies. Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver and antenna b. materials.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. All guidance subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. This element should be replaced with other productoriented guidance subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Test. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.

wings.6. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Test. wing. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. The hardware for actuation to include motors and servos.2.4.3 Navigation Software Release 1…n.4. Central power sources included in the Power and Distribution WBS element D. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. This element comprises the complex of equipment. and production of mating surfaces.6.6 Controls Software Release 1…n. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration.5.6. D. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. for example: a. etc. Controls.7 Other Control Subsystems 1…n (Specify).5 Control Power.4. All controls subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above.4 Other Navigation Subsystems 1…n (Specify). The hardware for fin/canard deployment. 81 . D. assembly.1 Controls Integration.6. Explosive charge / lateral thrusters Excludes.2. materials. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D.4.2.4. tails.2.5. This element comprises the complex of equipment.4 Actuators. the control surfaces themselves (such as canards.6. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. D. structures. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. D. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.6. parts. for example: a.2.4.Downloaded from http://www. D. D. equipment. All navigation subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above.6.4.6 Controls. The hardware. not included in the above Level 4 elements.everyspec.2. D.2. etc.3 Fin/Canard Deployment System. development.4. Excludes. Includes. Thrust vector / jet van c. The structural framework not part of the Airframe element. software and equipment for controlling the motion of the munition from launch to impact. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.2.4.) included in the Airframe element D. b. for example: a.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. tail. and Checkout. Control devices for canard.2 Primary Structure.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. Assembly. test. This element comprises power for the control element. not included in the above Level 4 elements.2. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.

directed energy devices. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. D. payload consists only of the TDM and its associated target detection. and propulsion. D.7. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. fragmentation. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and Checkout.1 Communications Integration. D.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electronic/ Systems. The hardware comprising the Antenna Assembly or Assemblies.2. equipment. D. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. TDMs include.2 Antenna Assembly. test. The hardware and software that produce(s) the desired effect on the target. equipment. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. parts.7. The Target Defeat Mechanism (TDM) and its support assemblies. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. development. assembly. Electronic Systems. fuze. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration.8 Payload. Communication. structures.8. All communication subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. arming and fuzing equipment.4. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. structures.7.2.7 Communication.4. 82 .4. and production of mating surfaces. but are not limited to. and penetrator-forming). Data transmission and reception for networking.Downloaded from http://www.4.4 Other Communications Subsystems 1…n (Specify). D. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.2. command and control. and air traffic management enabling the munition to be a node in the net D. safe-arm. real-time directions for aimable capabilities or layer-counting type applications. This element comprises the complex of equipment. D. Assembly.2. conventional high explosives (explosive outputs of blast.everyspec.3 Communication Software Release 1…n. Payload.2. parts. the payload subsystem may mimic the larger system by having its own guidance and control. assembly. Normally. materials.2.4. not included in the above Level 4 elements. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element.7.2. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design.2.1 Payload Integration. This data link equipment to enable communications between the munition and an external entity (or entities). However. In multi-mission or adaptable payloads there may be a communication device that provides data to payload for output yield. D. materials.8. Includes. kinetic energy devices. Test. test. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. and Checkout. for example: a. battle space awareness. dispensed submunitions or others. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. Test.4. with complex munitions containing submunitions.2 Target Defeat Mechanism. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4. Assembly.4. Data links can be either receive only or send only (one-way) or bidirectional (two way). use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. development. and production of mating surfaces. assembly and checkout of the Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element. assembly and checkout of the =Level 4 elements below into their Level 3 element.

assembly. assembly. The equipment in the munition that controls the capability of initiating the TDM (e.Downloaded from http://www.8. EO or RF based proximity sensors and necessary hardware and software for signal processing. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. assembly.6 Other Payload Subsystems 1…n (Specify). NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.2. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Electronic Systems. not included in the above Level 4 elements. Flight termination equipment.4. Electronic Systems. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. 83 . test. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. Electronic Systems.8.. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4. inertial. Arm and Fire (SAF) function. D. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and timers). All payload subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element above. Electronic Systems. TDDs include. hydrostatic. if applicable. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. contact sensors (make or break electronics).2. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. assembly. The hardware and software that detects and signals the presence of a target. counters.4. D. This element comprises the payload that is interchangeable with the live warhead and suitable for development or operational testing in a free flight (post launch) environment. and the hardware and software associated with the firing train. test. to enable "smart fuzing".4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. mechanical. D. suitable for a launch and free flight environment.. D. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.8.4. It includes the hardware and software for the Safe. Telemetry equipment d. but are not limited to. and checkout of these elements into the munition is excluded. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. Special instrumentation c.2. test. D.4 Fuze. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. sensors and algorithms.3 Target Detection Device (TDD). for example: a.g. test. Recovery systems b. This element comprises the complex of equipment. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. etc. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.everyspec.2.9 On Board Test Equipment. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.8. Includes.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.5 Payload Software Release 1…n.

Assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. assembly. Environmental control. telemetry equipment. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Electronic Systems. assembly and checkout of the Level 3 elements below into their Level 2 element.3. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. Equipment of a single purpose and function. Electronic Systems. equipment.4. development. assembly. Test. structures. assembly and checkout of the above Level 3 elements into their Level 2 element.everyspec. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. equipment. if these were not accounted for in other WBS elements b..3. Test. materials.4. destruct systems.2. This element comprises the primary structure of the canister or encasement device. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. parts. The hardware and software associated with the Munition Canister or Encasement device.11 Auxiliary Equipment. and Checkout. development. etc. for example: a.13 Munitions Integration.2 Encasement Device Structure. structures. Encasement Device. All munition software not associated with a specific Level 3 or 4 element. assembly. Munitions.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.. This element comprises the payload that is interchangeable with the live warhead and suitable for testing in a non-launch environment. Assembly. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. Includes. and production of mating surfaces. D. and Checkout. for example. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. safety and protective subsystems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. test. D. Electronic Systems.10 On Board Training Equipment. and production of mating surfaces. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2.2.3 Encasement Device. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Includes. D. materials.4. suitable for a non-launch environment.1 Encasement Device Integration. This element comprises the complex of additional external equipment generally excluded from other specific Level 3 elements. test. D. and checkout of these elements into the Munition is excluded. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. etc. D.12 Munition Software Release 1…n. parts.2.Downloaded from http://www.4. 84 . D. D. which is necessary for accomplishing the assigned mission NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. special instrumentation.

85 . that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 2 element. and the ready magazine). Test and Checkout.g. mortar cannons.2 Launcher. wheels. if applicable. hull/chassis. Assembly. D. the prototype or operationally configured units. Includes. development. Includes. suspend.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.. which serves as a platform to accommodate the other Level 3 elements and provides mobility to the complete launch system (e. and production of complete units (i. naval guns. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.1 Launch System Integration.4. and production of mating surfaces. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4.3.everyspec. The equipment (hardware/software) for controlling or sending forth the munitions on a desired course or trajectory. tires. parts. The structural device designed to support and hold munitions in position for firing or release. b. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. recoil assemblies.e. mounts. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. equipment. Suspension and release systems. (For guns and artillery) tubes. rocket pods. These other devices would be in addition to any encasement. integral to a munition.g.3 Carriage. D. Electronic Systems. tubes.3.3 Encasement Software Release 1…n. T-frame. assembly..4.4. assembly. materials. b. The primary equipment (hardware/software).4. brakes. and checkout of these elements into the Encasement Device element is excluded. for example: a. not included in the above Level 3 elements. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. assembly and checkout of the Level 3 elements below into their Level 2 element. All Encasement software not associated with a specific Level 3 element above. breech mechanisms. or encase the munition for firing. This element comprises the complex of equipment.4. mine racks or dispensers. for example: a. test. which are an integral part of the carriage itself and not directly a part of other Level 4 elements.. All effort associated with the design. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. test and checkout of these elements into the Launch System is excluded. Electronic Systems. and torpedo tubes and other devices which support. rail. the launcher. Rifles. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.4 Other Encasement Device Subsystems 1…n (Specify). hydraulics.4. development. D. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. Launch System. artillery pieces. and secondary power batteries/generators). and the equipment for launching torpedoes and rockets or dropping bombs (e. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and rifle stocks D. regardless of end use).Downloaded from http://www. structures. fire control equipment. D. machine guns.4 Launch System.

NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.5 Ordnance System Software Release 1…n. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX D D. test and checkout of these elements into the Launch System is excluded. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. and devices for presetting torpedo speed and direction NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. 86 .g. naval guns. Electronic Systems.7 Launch System Software Release 1…n... assembly. (For air-dropped munitions) gunsights. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. D.6 Adapter Kits. (For artillery.4.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and time of fire or release of munitions through the use of electrical. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. and heavy mortars) aiming mechanisms in traverse and elevation. or mechanical systems. devices or aids. test and checkout of these elements into the Launch System is excluded. The structure or compartment for storing ammunition or explosives in a readyfor-use condition or position (e.4. Includes. Electronic Systems.4. This element comprises the complex of equipment. Electronic/ Systems.4. (For torpedoes) sonar and other sensors. (For rifles and small arms) sighting devices and trigger mechanisms b.4.8 Other Launch systems 1…n (Specify). D.4. intervalometers. etc. The equipment (hardware/software) for adapting the launch system to particular applications (e.Downloaded from http://www.4.everyspec. optical. D.5 Ready Magazine. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.g. radar and other sensors. control consoles. All launch system software not associated with a specific Level 3 or 4 element. volume. computers and other equipment for performing fire control computations c.4 Fire Control. Level 3 or Level 4 element. assembly. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. computers.4. for example: a. kits for backpacking. not included in the above Level 4 elements. assembly. D. the part of a gun or firearm that holds the ammunition ready for chambering and feed mechanisms for placing the ammunition in a position ready for chambering). and other sensor and computational devices for controlling the release of the munitions d. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. vehicle adapter kits for adaptation to different aircraft models.4.). NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. that is unanticipated at the time of issuance of this appendix due to the evolution of technology but necessary to complete this Level 3 element. The equipment (hardware/software) for controlling the direction. and checkout of these elements into the Launch System is excluded. All Ordnance System software not associated with a specific Level 2. test. D.4. electronic. NOTE: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX D
D.4.6 Ordnance System Integration Assembly Test and Checkout. This element includes all effort of
technical and functional activities associated with the design, development, and production of mating surfaces,
structures, equipment, parts, materials, interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration, assembly
and checkout of the above Level 2 elements into their Level 1 element, Ordnance System.
D.4.7 Common WBS Elements. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Ordnance
System, and all other defense materiel items, are listed in Appendix L: Common Elements, Work Breakdown
Structure and Definitions.

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX E

APPENDIX E: SEA SYSTEMS
WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS
E.1 SCOPE
This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and definitions for the Sea System. Definitions for
WBS elements common to the sea system and all other defense materiel items are in Appendix L: Common
Elements, Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.
This WBS should be used for ship acquisition pricing data, ship design, weight data, configuration
management and Integrated Logistics Support engineering data. It is permissible for the contactor’s internal work
breakdown structure to differ from these summary elements; however, the internal WBS should be mapped to the
WBS and definitions defined in this appendix.
E.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS
―Users Guide for Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS) for All Ships and Ship/Combat
Systems, S9040-AA-IDX-020/SWBS 5D Volumes 1 and 2‖
If there are high costs, high risk or high technical interest elements that must be reported below Level 3 of
the WBS, users should reference the Navy ESWBS document in order to ensure consistency in reporting.

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX E

E.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS
WBS #
1.0
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.1.8
1.1.9
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.4
1.4.5
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.2
1.5.3
1.6
1.6.1
1.6.2
1.6.3
1.6.4
1.6.5
1.7
1.7.1
1.7.2
1.8
1.8.1
1.8.2
1.9
1.9.1
1.9.2
1.9.3
1.9.4
1.9.5
1.10
1.10.1
1.10.2
1.10.3
1.11

Level 1
Sea
System

Level 2

Level 3

Ship
Hull Structure
Propulsion Plant
Electric Plant
Command, Communications and Surveillance
Auxiliary Systems
Outfit and Furnishings
Armament
Total Ship Integration/Engineering
Ship Assembly and Support Services
System Engineering
Program Management
System Test and Evaluation
Development Test and Evaluation
Operational Test and Evaluation
Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs)
Test and Evaluation Support
Test Facilities
Training
Equipment
Services
Facilities
Data
Technical Publications
Engineering Data
Management Data
Support Data
Data Depository
Peculiar Support Equipment
Test and Measurement Equipment
Support and Handling Equipment
Common Support Equipment
Test and Measurement Equipment
Support and Handling Equipment
Operational/Site Activation
System Assembly, Installation and Checkout on
Site
Contractor Technical Support
Site Construction
Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion
Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support
Industrial Facilities
Construction/Conversion/Expansion
Equipment Acquisition or Modernization
Maintenance (Industrial Facilities)
Initial Spares and Repair Parts

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX E

E.3.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L). WBS elements that are common (i.e.,
Integration, Assembly, Test and Checkout; Systems Engineering/Program Management; System Test and
Evaluation; Training; and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.
For example, if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element, the Systems Engineering WBS
element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports.
E.3.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C, the WBS is defined to
Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and
developers, WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5.
1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost, high
risk, or high technical interest. For those elements, extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed
visibility, but only for those elements. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. In addition, for
each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. The purpose of going
below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements
and when required to report at a lower level, those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and
developers. For lower level elements, reference the ESBS.
2) In each of the appendices, an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS
for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. These "other" elements would
be used if, for example, a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the
appendices of MIL-STD-881C.
3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element
it supports, it should be included within that element. This is called the 100% rule, which states the next level of
decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level
(parent level). For example, the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements - transmitter, antenna, and
receiver. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out
of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar, it distorts the effort and resources that are required to
complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i.e., a child element to the radar is
now missing within the WBS structure).
4) In some cases, items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. For example,
software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. Under normal circumstances, software would be the
child level to the parent level transmitter. However, depending on how software is developed, the software may
include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. It may include functionality for the receiver as
well. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support, due to an inability to
determine the effort for each functionality developed. Therefore, it is appropriate to associate that software to the
next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level, but
we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of
support each gets.
5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security, threat, mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition
cycle, even after contract award. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better
opportunity to manage cost, schedule, and performance. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented
WBS, identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost
estimating processes.
E.3.3 Numbering of the WBS. In each appendix, the work breakdown structure for that commodity has
been numbered for reporting purposes only. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to
identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. The numbering system is
numeric; however, several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified
to accommodate the anomalies.

90

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX E

E.3.3.1. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the
subsystem, element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within
the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed, this element and
assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is
needed, then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using
the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. The newly defined element must be approved by the
Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.
E.3.3.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or
similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. Where this structure occurs, the parent WBS
(e.g., 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each
element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example, if a missile system has multiple propulsion
subsystems, each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example, ―Solid Rocket
Motor‖), and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element
(Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example, ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖), and so
forth. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever
possible, and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as
shown below.
1.1.2.
1.1.2.1.
1.1.2.2.
1.1.2.3.

Propulsion Subsystem (1…n)
Solid Rocket Motor
Liquid Rocket Engine
Backup Rocket Motor

E.4 DEFINITIONS
E.4.1 Sea System. Identifies the function of equipment (hardware/software), data, services, and facilities
required to attain the capability of operating or supporting the operation of naval missions or performing other naval
tasks at sea.
E.4.2 Ship. The waterborne vessel and components of a sea system.
Includes, for example:
a. All classes of surface and subsurface water vessels such as combatants, auxiliaries, amphibious, and
special-purpose ships
b. Design, development, and production of complete units (i.e., the prototype or operationally configured
units, which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications, regardless of end use)

NOTE: Further breakouts of Level 3 elements under the Level 2 Ship element are defined in the
Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS).

E.4.2.1 Hull Structure. The assembled main hull body including all hull support structure, superstructure,
bulkheads, platforms, masts, and foundations.
Includes, for example:
a. Shell plating, longitudinal and transverse framing, platforms and decks, superstructure, foundations,
structural bulkheads, enclosures and sponsons
b. Castings, forgings, and welds; fixed ballast; doors and closures; king-posts, masts, and service
platforms; and sonar domes
c. Tank/compartment tightness testing

91

The power generating and distribution systems installed primarily for ship service and emergency power and lighting. ventilation. Fuel and diesel oil filling. Includes. compressed air system. uptakes. Fresh water system. deck machinery. stowage and transfer systems g. and to distribute information throughout the ship. and ship control systems and surfaces such as rudders. the hull mechanical handling systems. fire extinguishing systems. deck operations and environmental control. refrigeration plant and equipment c. antisubmarine warfare fire control and torpedo fire control systems.2.4. radio communication systems. reactors. propulsion control equipment.Downloaded from http://www. The support systems for ship control. auxiliary steam.2 Propulsion Plant. Includes. for example: a. electronic navigation systems. gun fire control system. ballast. bearings. oxygen-nitrogen and aviation lubricating oil systems d. electronic countermeasure systems.4. computer systems. buoyancy control system. Gasoline. stores strikedown and stores handling equipment. heating. Mooring. The equipment (hardware/software) and associated systems installed to receive information from off-ship source. Space Vehicle electronic tracking systems. Includes. interior communication systems. main condensers and air ejectors. Includes. Nuclear steam generators. feed water and condensate. operating gear for retracting and elevating units. combustion air supply system. JP-5. to transmit to off-ship receivers. fuel oil service and lubricating oil system b.4. Heating. and air conditioning systems. The auxiliary machinery and piping systems. and lighting system E.4 Command. elevators.4. electronic tactical data systems.3 Electric Plant. and radiation shielding E. assembly. missile fire control systems. all associated software. Electric power c. aircraft elevators 92 . Electric power generation. ship safety. Communication and Surveillance. anchor and aircraft handling systems. propulsion units. drainage.2. E. Plumbing installation. and diving planes b. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX E E. towing. main propulsion components. scuppers and deck drains f. moving stairways. hydrofoils. and stabilizer tank systems e. all liquid cargo piping. main steam. distilling plant h. nuclear power plant control. test and checkout of these elements into the ship is excluded. radar systems.5 Auxiliary Systems. Sensing and data systems required for navigation and weapon fire control b. propellers. The major components installed primarily for propulsion and the systems necessary to make these components operable.2. trimming. power distribution system. exhaust steam and steam drains. venting. circulating and cooling water. use the ESWBS. for example: a. non-electronic countermeasure systems. sonar systems. Boilers and energy converters. for example: a. for example: a. fiber optic plant.everyspec.2. Navigation equipment. Tank heating systems. power distribution switchboards. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. shafting.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. saltwater service systems. inter/intranet and entertainment systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. reactor coolant and auxiliary systems.

assembly. and assembly efforts to provide the outfit and furnishing element as an entity E. Construction drawings. Guns and gun mounts. special weapons handling and storage b. engineering calculations. small arms and pyrotechnic launching devices. models. k.2.9 Ship Assembly and Support Services. deck covering. and cargo munitions handling and stowage d. refrigerated spaces.everyspec. and rework to provide the ship as a whole exclusive of that included under the Systems Engineering/Program Management element.2.2. j. and assembly efforts to provide each auxiliary system as an entity NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. molds. fixtures. Furnishings for living spaces. and nonpropulsion space shielding f. The efforts and material associated with construction that cannot be logically and practicably identified with.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.6 Outfit and Furnishings.4. boat stowage and handlings c. jigs. E. The outfit equipments and furnishings required for habitability and operability. Design. insurance. and special production tools. and assembly efforts to provide the armament element as an entity NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. development.7 Armament. Equipment for utility space. mines. medical.4. galley. scaffolding. pantry. test areas. other Level 3 elements. The complex of armament and related ammunition handling. replenishment at sea and cargo handling systems Design.8 Total Ship Integration/Engineering. assembly. stowage.2. development. temporary utilities and services. which are not specifically included in other ship elements. and support facilities. nonstructural bulkheads and doors. Boats. development. launching. and delivery 93 . weighing and weight calculations. handling systems and stowage c. for example: a. Air launched weapons handling systems and stowage. Staging. test and checkout of these elements into the ship is excluded. inspection. Includes. and barricades Catapults and jet blast deflectors.4. ladders and gratings. Design. production. handling systems and stowage systems e. Aircraft arresting gear.4. and shipbuilders information drawings E. cathodic protection systems. barriers. Rigging and canvas. control centers. dental and pharmaceutical spaces. dry-docking. production. stowage. photographs. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX E i. workshops. Hull fittings b. Includes. ammunition handling systems and stowage. for example: a. stowage and lockers d. and cargo munitions handling. Includes. machinery spaces. for example: a.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. hull insulation. production. Torpedo. development. Includes. E. storerooms. or related to. scullery and commissary outfit e. laboratories. painting. Rocket and missile launching devices. and cribbing. offices. and support facilities. test and checkout of these elements into the ship is excluded. templates. The engineering effort and related material associated with the design.

sea and inclining trials E.4.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www.3.2. Sea specific common elements are identified in Appendix L see L.3.6.4.2 and L. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. L.3. L. Production and construction planning.3.6. L. L. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX E b.3.1. 94 . dock.3.3.3 WBS Common Elements.6. Definitions for common WBS elements applicable to the sea system and all other defense materiel items are found in Appendix L: Common Elements.1.3.

However.4. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.2. Ground Segments.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street.ieee. This WBS may also be used for interplanetary and other missions. Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions in section L.ansi. Definitions for WBS elements common to the Space System are defined in Appendix L: Common Elements. NY. 4th Floor New York. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway.everyspec. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F APPENDIX F: SPACE SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS F. Unmanned Space Systems. F.12-1990 (R2002).1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for Space Vehicles.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. NJ 08854-4141 www.org 95 .Downloaded from http://www. Orbital Transfer Vehicles.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS F. probes) may be required.1 Non-Government publications. Inc. and Launch Vehicles as they relate to Earth-Orbiting. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. additional WBS elements (for example.

2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Cryogenic Devices Liquid Loops Electric Coolers Heaters.1 1.1.5 1. Thermisters and Thermostats Passive Devices TCS Other Electrical Power (EPS) SEPM Assembly.9 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Structures Mechanisms and Pyrotechnics SMS Other Thermal Control (TCS) SEPM Assembly.n (Specify)2 SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.4 1.3.2 1.1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.2.3.1.2.4 1.11 1.2.2.2.2.4 1.2.1.2.4.2.2 1.2.2.2.2.2. Conversion and Regulation Power Dissipation Devices Rechargeable Batteries Charge Control Electronics Harnesses and Cables EPS Other Attitude Control (ACS) SEPM Assembly.1.2.4 1.2.2.3.2.2.2.0 1.2.3 1.2.2.2.2.1.5.13 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment 96 .6 1.2.2 1.4.3 1.2.3.2.2.1 1..1.2.3 1.4.1 1.2.3.2.2.2.2.2.2.1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Solar Array Solar Array Positioner Radioisotope Thermionic Generator Other Power Sources Power Control.1.2.4.2.2.1.2.5 1.2.2.4 1.12 1.6 1.1 1.3 1.2.2.2.2 1. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Space Vehicle 1.4.4.2.2.2.1 1.2.6 1.5.2.1 1.2.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2.5 1.2.2.4. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Bus SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.2.2.2 1.10 1.4.4.4.2.2.3.3.2.3 1.everyspec.2.7 1.2.1 1.2.2.2.1.2.2.4.2.3.2.2.4.2.4.2 1.1 1.2.2.2 1.2.5 1.2.2.2.14 1.2.2 1.4 1.2.2.8 1.4 1.2.2.1.3 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Space System SEIT/PM and Support Equipment (1…s) 1 Systems Engineering Assembly.2.2.3 1.2.2. Switching and Distribution Electronics Power Conditioning.3.2.1 1.5. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Structures and Mechanisms (SMS) SEPM Assembly.2.1 1.2.2 1.8 1.4.9 1.2.7 1.3 1.2.2 1.2.Downloaded from http://www.

.3 1.2.2.7.2.2 1.2.1 1.2.2.8 1.9 1.2.7.4 1.2.6.2.2.5.2.2.7 1.2.2.2.2.2.Downloaded from http://www.2.2.5. Integration and Test 97 .5.5 1.2.8.2.16 1.5.14 1.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.15 1.2.2.2.2.13 1.2.5. Handling and Interface 1…n (Specify) TTandC Other Bus Flight Software SEPM Assembly.1 1.7.2.2.2.3.3 1.2.1.10 1.2.6 1.5.6 1.16 1.2.2.2.9 1.2.2.2.5.2 1.2.15 1.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Tanks 1…n (Specify) Plumbing Thrusters 1…n (Specify) Solid Rocket Motors Liquid Propellant and Pressurant Power Electronics Propulsion Other Telemetry.7.2.2.2.8 1.2.2.6.8.2.2.5.2.4.2.4.2.7.2.5.5.2.2.2.12 1.10 1.6.6.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.6.2.5 1. and Command (TTandC) SEPM Assembly.2.13 1.7.n (Specify) Modulators/Demodulators/Modems Amplifiers Frequency Upconverter/Downconverter Computers and Processors 1…n (Specify) Command/Telemetry Units 1…n (Specify) Command Sensors 1…n (Specify) Frequency and Timing Signal Conditioners Communications Security 1…n (Specify) Data Storage.2 1.2.2.2.7 1.2.n (Specify) SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.5.14 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment CSCI 1…n (Specify) SEIT/PM and Support Equipment (If applicable for integration of Multiple Payloads) Systems Engineering Assembly.4.2.6.11 1.7.1.2.2.4 1.6 1.2. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Star Tracker/Sensors 1…n (Specify) Earth (Horizon) Sensors 1…n (Specify) Sun Sensors 1…n (Specify) Magnetometers Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver Inertial Reference Unit-IRU / Inertial Measurement Unit-IMU 1…n (Specify) Rate Gyros 1…n (Specify) Accelerometers 1…n (Specify) Bearing and Power Transfer Assy (BAPTA) Attitude Control Wheels 1…n (Specify) Magnetic Control Devices Spin Control Devices Control Electronics 1…n (Specify) ACS Other 1.2.2.2.11 1.9 1.2.2 1.everyspec.7.6.17 1.2.7.7.4 1..2.5 1.2.1 1.2.2.2.2.2 Propulsion 1.7.2.2.3.7.2.2.2.2.3. Tracking.10 1.2.2.12 1.2.8 1.2.2.4 1.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Antennas Passive Signal Flow Control Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1.6 1.6..2.3.3 1.2.8.2.2. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Payload 1.3 1.2.7 1.2.2.7.2.7.2.3 1.1 1.2.2.1 1.8 1.7.7.7.17 1.2.6.1 1.2.2.2.2.2.2..4 1.6.5.4 1.7 1.5.5.8.

4.1 1.2.4.8 1.4.8 1.4.2.9 1.4 1.4.9 1.2.4.5.5 1.2 1.8 1.7 1.7 1.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1.6 1.2.4.3 1.3 1.4.2.2.2.3.6.4.2.2 1.6. Command.4.4.3.6.4.5 1.4.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14..5.2 1.2.4.4 1.4.Downloaded from http://www. Integration and Test Support Equipment Structures Mechanisms and Pyrotechnics Structures and Mechanisms Other Thermal Control SEPM Assembly.4.2.5 1.2.4.2.4. and Control Interface Other Payload Antenna1.7.4.5.5.2.5 1.2 1.4.7 1.4.4.1.1.5.n (Specify) Pointing Sensors 1…n (Specify) Payload Positioners1.4.6 1.2.6.4.4.5 1.4.2.6 1.5.2.4.4.1 1.5.4.5.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Power Sources Power Control Switching and Distribution Electronics Power Conditioning.2.2.3 1.4.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Structures and Mechanisms Antenna Positioners Reflector/Horn1…n (Specify) Feed1…n (Specify) Waveguide/Coax/Cabling Transmit/Receive Modules Antenna Other Payload Signal Electronics SEPM Assembly.2.1 1.2.4.2. Thermisters and Thermostats Passive Devices Sun Shields Thermal Control Other Electrical Power SEPM Assembly.6.2.6.2. Command. Conversion and Regulation Harnesses and Cables Electrical Power Other Pointing.11 1..2..6 1.4 1.4.2.3 1.3 1.7 1.2.6.4 1.3..3 1.3 Program Management Support Equipment Structures and Mechanisms SEPM Assembly.2.2.4..2.3.4.4.4.4.4.5.4.1 1. Encryption and Decryption Devices1.5.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.2.9 1.3.4 1.2.4.. Integration and Test Support Equipment Computers and Processors 1…n (Specify) Command/Telemetry Units 1…n (Specify) Control Electronics 1.2.6.4 1.2.3.4 1.2.4.7. Handling and Interface 1…n (Specify) Multifunctional Digital Electronic Boxes 1…n (Specify) Pointing.1 1.2.2.7. and Control Interface SEPM Assembly.4.6.4.4.2.6 1.2.4.2.2 1.4.4.4.3.4.4.2.7 1.4.2.2.10 1.2.2.3.5.2.2.4.10 1.2.2.2.2.2.4.n (Specify) Data Storage.12 1.4.4.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment 98 .5.2.4.6.6 1.4.2.2 1..2.1 1.4.3. Integration and Test Support Equipment Cryogenic Devices Liquid Loops Electric Coolers Electric Heaters.4.3.2.5 1.10 1.2.2.4.3 1.4.8 1.4.n (Specify) Security.2 1.2.4.2.everyspec.4.

4.8.7.2.4.4.2.2.2.2.4.2.4.2.2.2.4.4. Integration and Test Support Equipment CSCI 1…n (Specify) Payload Other Booster Adapter Space Vehicle Storage Launch Systems Integration (LSI) Launch Operations Mission Operations Support Space Vehicle Other Ground Operations and Processing Center 1…n (Specify) 2 SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.4.2.4.4.2.3.2.2.11 1.4.2.1 1.2.3.3.4.9.7.3.4.8 1.4.4 1.12 1.4.4.4.2.10 1.3 1.2.9.7.3 1.7 1.2.everyspec.2.4.9.3.1.7.2.2.4.4.9 1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1.2.2.9.7.8 1.2.10.7..4.2 1.7.11 1.10 1.2 1.2.3.4.3.2.9 1.4.2.4.4.4.8.3.7.1.10 1.3.9.9 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Structure/Outerbarrel/Cover Mirrors and Optics 1…n (Specify) Aft Optics Assembly Alignment and Calibration 1…n (Specify) Optical Assembly Other Sensor SEPM Assembly.2. Integration and Test 99 .4 1.9.9.1 1.3 1.5 1.9.8 1.2 Passive Signal Flow Control Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1…n (Specify) Modulators/Demodulators/Modems 1…n (Specify) Multiplexers/Demultiplexers 1…n (Specify) Amplifiers 1…n (Specify) Frequency Upconverters/Downconverters 1…n (Specify) Frequency and Timing 1…n (Specify) Signal Conditioners 1…n (Specify) Multifunctional Signal Electronic Boxes 1…n (Specify) Signal Electronics Other Optical Assembly SEPM Assembly.3 1.8 1.2 1.Downloaded from http://www.8.6 1.2.10.10 1.2.15 1.11 1.2.1.10.1 1.10.8.2 1.4.1 1.4.3 1.1.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Enclosure 1.2.4 1.4.4.1 1.2.9.2 1.2.7 1.9.7 1.4.7 1.7.2.4.4.12 1.n (Specify) Focal Plane Array 1…n (Specify) Sensor Positioners 1…n (Specify) Sensor Electronics 1…n (Specify) Alignment and Calibration 1…n (Specify) Magnetometer (1…n (Specify) ) Spectrometer 1…n (Specify) Radiometer 1…n (Specify) Camera 1…n (Specify) Sounder 1…n (Specify) Other Sensor Types 1…n (Specify) Mission Sensor Other Payload Flight Software SEPM Assembly.4.6 1.2.1 1.4 1.9 1.1.8.13 1.2.9.4.2.2.9.2.9.8.5 1.2.1.8.7.14 1.2.2.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.9.2.2.2.8.8 1.6 1.9. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Function (1…F) 3 SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.4.4.4.4.5 1.6 1.5 1.4.2.2.1 1.2.13 1.4 1.

2 1.6 1.3.2.2.4. Integration and Test Support Equipment Custom Hardware Configured Item 1…n (Specify) Pre-Ops Maintenance 1…n (Specify) GOPC Software SEPM Assembly.4.2..8 1.3.7 1.4.2..3.2.4 1. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Antenna 1.4.3.5 1.2.4 1.2.8 1.4 1.1.2.1 1.4.2.3.2 1.4.2.2.3.3 1.10 1.2.3.2.3.1 1.2.2.2.2.3.3.4 1.2.2 1.4.2.3.2.4.7 1.4.3.2.4..3.4.3.n (Specify) Waveguide/Coax/Cabling Antenna Other Optical Communication Assembly 1.1 1.4.2.10 1.2.2.4.2.2.1 1.3..4.3.2.2.5 1.2.n (Specify) Aft Optics and Bench Alignment Sensors/Calibration Optical Assembly Other RF Electronics (Band 1…n (Specify)) SEPM Assembly.2.2 1.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.3.3 1.2.4.6 1.1.3. Integration and Test Support Equipment Pedestal Radome Other Structure and Mechanisms Aperture Feed 1.3.5 1.4.2.4.3 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment CSCI 1.2.11 1.4.1 1.2.3.3.3.2.4 1.3.3.2..2.2.2 1.3.2.3.2.4.8 1.2.4.7 1.2.2.3..2 Program Management Support Equipment COTS Hardware SEPM Assembly.4.4.6 1.2.everyspec.2.4.4 1.1 1.n (Specify) Pre-Ops Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Pre-Operations Mission Support Ground Terminal/Gateway (GT) 1…n (Specify) 2 SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.9 1.1.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.9 1..Downloaded from http://www. Integration and Test Support Equipment Structure/Outerbarrel/Cover Mirror/Optics 1.3. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1.1.4.1.2 1.3.2 1.2.3.2.3 1.3.1 1.4.1.1 1.3.4.5 1.3 1.3.3.4 1.2.4.2 1.5 1.4 1.2. Integration and Test 100 .3 1.3.4.3.4.3 1.4.4.3.3.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4.12 1.4.4.3.3 1.3.3 1.4 1.4 1.2.3. Integration and Test Support Equipment Workstations 1…n (Specify) Servers 1…n (Specify) Storage and Archive 1…n (Specify) network Equipment Interface Equipment Security Encryption/Decryption 1…n (Specify) Data Processing 1…n (Specify) COTS Hardware Other Pre-Ops Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Custom Hardware SEPM Assembly.5 1.

4 1.4.5 1.10 1.4.8.5.6.5.3 1.3 1.4.4.7 1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Switches/Hubs and Routers network Interface and Other Hardware Modems Security/Encryption and Decryption Devices 1.4.4.4.4.6 1.8.6.8 1.4.3.4.4.6 1.4..6 1.4.2 1.4.everyspec.5 1.4. Integration and Test Support Equipment Workstations 1…n (Specify) Servers 1…n (Specify) Hardware Configured Item 1…n (Specify) GT Software SEPM Assembly.1 1.4.4.8 1.1.3 1.4.5.6 1.4.n (Specify) Baseband-network Electronic Boxes 1…n (Specify) Baseband-network Other Monitor and Control Hardware SEPM Assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.3 1.Downloaded from http://www.5.2 1.4 1.6.4.4.9 1.7.2..7.2 1.4.4.13 1.1.8 1.2 1..5. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Leased Circuits Leased Circuit 1…n (Specify) Purchased Circuits Purchased Circuit 1…n (Specify) Pre-Ops Maintenance 1…n (Specify) User Equipment SEIT/PM and Support Equipment 101 .2 1.7 1.4.12 1.5.9 1.3 1.5.4.6.4. Integration and Test Support Equipment Receiver Antenna 1.7 1.4.4.4.11 1.4.4.4.7.5.1 1.6 1.4.4 1.5.4 1.1 1.4.7.5 1.9 1.4.6.n (Specify) Frequency and Timing Generators Amplifier and Distribution 1…n (Specify) Timing Other Baseband-network SEPM Assembly.5.1 1.8.7 1.5.4.6.1.5.4 1.4.4.4.4.5.4 1.4.6.4.8 1.4.1 1.6.4.5 1.3 1.6 1.4.3 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment CSCI 1…n (Specify) Pre-Operations Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Pre-Operations Mission Support External network (T-COMM) SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.6.8.5.5 1..7.5.1 Support Equipment Passive Signal Flow Control Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1…n (Specify) Modulators/Demodulators/Modems 1…n (Specify) Multiplexers/Demultiplexers 1…n (Specify) Power Amplifiers 1…n (Specify) Frequency Upconverters/Downconverters 1…n (Specify) Signal Conditioners 1…n (Specify) Signal Electronic Boxes 1…n (Specify) Focal Plane Array 1…n (Specify) RF Electronics Other Timing SEPM Assembly.2 1.1 1.5.10 1.4.4.4.4.7.1 1.5.4.5 1.4.2 1.1.1 1.3.5.4.4.4.4.6.

5 1.4.7.1. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Equipment 1.5 1.1 1.3 1.4.1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 1.7.1 1.2 1.2.6.7.1 1.6.7.7.1.7 1.2 1.3 1..1.10 1.3 1.7.4 1.Downloaded from http://www.3 1.1.1.4 1.3 1.3 1.6.7.1 1.n (Specify) CSCI 1…n (Specify) Pre-Ops Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Facilities 1..1.7.4 1.7.2.2.7 1.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.4.6.7..6.4 1.7.8 1.9 1.7.7.3 1.5 1.1.5.1 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Hardware Configured Item 1.6.3 1.7.7.4 1.2 1.7.7.5.5.2.2.8.1.8.7.8.3 1.4 1.2.2 1.7.8.7 1.everyspec.7.2 1.8.9 1.7.2.4.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1.7.6 1.n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.5.8 1.2.7.7.7.6.5 1. Integration and Test Support Equipment Foundation and Sub Structure Superstructure and Finishing Buildings Other Equipment and Building Fit Out 1.11 1.6 1.2.7.4.7. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Vehicles 102 .1 1.n (Specify) SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly. Integration and Test Support Equipment HVAC Power Conditioning/UPS network Wiring/Cable Trays Generators Computer Flooring Appliances Furniture Equipment and Building Fit Out Other Pre-Operations Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Vehicles and Shelters SEIT/PM and Support Equipment Systems Engineering Assembly.6.1.7.5.4.1.7.7.5.7.4 1.6. Integration and Test Program Management Support Equipment Site Preparation SEPM Assembly.1 1.2 1.7.5.1 1.2 1.7.1.5 1.2. Integration and Test Support Equipment Graded Land Roads Pads Retaining Walls / Fencing Utilities Site Preparation Other Landscape Buildings 1…n (Specify) SEPM Assembly.8.2.2 1.2.5.7..2 Systems Engineering Assembly.2.5..8 1.7.5.6 1.7.6 1.6.5.6.2.4 1.2 1.

such as Narrow Field Of View (NFOV) Star Tracker and Wide Field Of View (WFOV) Star Tracker. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F 1.3.everyspec. F. For example. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support. The contract WBS shall use the appropriate Space System WBS elements and shall not include elements that are not within the scope of the contract.3. the following should not be used as complete titles: Other Costs. Bus Flight Software CSCI Application 2.11 1..3 1. Assembly.3. the (1.. and all other defense materiel items.1 for a detailed explanation.4 Use of ―Other‖ WBS Elements.. Space System Work Breakdown Structure.12 Vehicle 1…n (Specify) Shelters Shelter 1.3 1.3. The contract dictionary definition for these elements shall be clear as to which Space System WBS element it belongs. F. Integration. Program Management.. applicable to Space Systems are now captured within Appendix F.8.e. Systems Engineering and Program Management are combined into a single SEPM element at Level 5.8. and (1…F) convention.10 1. NOTE: The (1…F) convention is similar to the 1…n convention above. Wherever possible. Multiple elements. Normally.8.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.Downloaded from http://www. Fifth level elements without the (1. but is for functional breakout of specific GOPC systems.. Definitions for the Space Unique Common WBS elements...4 consists of Definitions of Common Elements Applicable to Space Programs. as opposed to merely ―Antenna‖ or ―S-Band Helix‖.. the preferred title is ―S-Band Helix Antenna‖.9 1. subsystem. however. should be detailed down to the element level (Level 5) whenever possible.9. the contract WBS shall specifically identify them as separate Level 5 elements. The Other WBS elements at the system.2 Contract WBS Naming Conventions.n (Specify) F. are included in Appendix L.. Additionally.1 1.4. The following new elements are now included as part of Appendix-F: Systems Engineering. This document uses a (1.3. The program WBS index shall describe the element(s) and avoid any reference to ―other‖. System Test and Evaluation. where this WBS references Star Trackers (1…n) and the Attitude Control subsystem contains two types of Star Trackers.10.1 1.9. Digital Electronic Box 1..3 Application of (1.3. In addition the WBS dictionary should clearly define the elements.8.4) (including SEIT/PM and Support Equipment). Section L. For example. F. and element (product) levels are restricted to products that have not been envisioned or predicted in the other defined WBS elements. For example.2 1.. When creating the WBS for a specific program or contract. Training. a Receiver within an EHF Payload could be name ―Wideband EHF Receiver‖. These elements are found throughout all levels of a WBS. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment references should be replaced with terminology that accurately reflects its level and specific content. WBS elements that appear within multiple legs of the WBS should also indicate to which portion of the WBS it belongs. Program Management. The contract element titles need not be identical to the Space WBS and may use the contractor names of hardware units and software CSCIs. all common elements. and Support Equipment. This element should only be used when all other elements have been thoroughly examined and do not fit the definition of the ―other‖ product. these titles should be descriptive of the element and not generic.1 Application of Common WBS Elements as they pertain to Space (Appendix L – Section L. See Note 1 within F.1 1.n (Specify) Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV) Launch Vehicle 1. Systems Engineering. Acquisition Logistics.9.n) shall be replaced with a specific name for the item. Integration and Test..n). Test and Checkout.4 1.n) after WBS element titles where the element may have multiple unique occurrences. As a specific example.. with appropriate titling..2. such as: ―Space Vehicle Systems Engineering‖.n) convention are primarily a collection of items that do not need to be extended to lower levels for reporting or other purposes. WBS elements that are common (i. 103 .1 1.3.n (Specify) Pre-Operations Maintenance 1…n (Specify) Insurance SEPM Insurance Policy Insurance Settlements Task Orders Task Order 1..

transmitter. 2) In each of the appendices. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed.Downloaded from http://www. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter.3. depending on how software is developed. In addition. Hardware and software are ―separable‖ (from other hardware and software) if their costs are identifiable from each other.3. threat. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility. or high technical interest. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. but only for those elements. Some of the definitions use the term ―separable‖ with reference to hardware or software. high risk. Under normal circumstances. for example. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. ―Other‖ WBS Elements.7. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS.3. even after contract award. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost. antenna. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. F. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. 4) In some cases. however. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. F. this element and 104 . the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. For example. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle.everyspec. This is called the 100% rule. and receiver. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard.e. For those elements. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. In each appendix. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements .5 Use of the word ―seperable‖. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. schedule. F. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.1. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. The numbering system is numeric. For example. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service.7 Numbering of the WBS. it should be included within that element.6. Therefore. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. However. These "other" elements would be used if. and performance.3.. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix.

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MIL-STD-881C
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assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is
needed, then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using
the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. The newly defined element must be approved by the
Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.
F.3.7.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or
similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. Where this structure occurs, the parent WBS
(e.g., 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each
element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example, if a missile system has multiple propulsion
subsystems, each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example, ―Solid Rocket
Motor‖), and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element
(Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example, ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖), and so
forth. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever
possible, and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as
shown below.
1.1.2.
1.1.2.1.
1.1.2.2.
1.1.2.3.

Propulsion Subsystem (1…n)
Solid Rocket Motor
Liquid Rocket Engine
Backup Rocket Motor

F.4 DEFINITIONS
F.4.1 Space System. The complex of equipment (Hardware/Software) and all of the resources associated
with the design, development, production, integration, assembly, test, and operation of the entire Space System.
Includes, for example:
a. Space vehicle(s); ground operations and processing center(s); ground terminals; launch vehicle(s); and
any mission equipment or other items necessary to provide an operational capability in space.
b. Any efforts done within a development/acquisition contract, including such things as integrated
logistic planning, space vehicle on-orbit checkout, calibration, and orbit raising.
c. Program management, system engineering, integration and test, support equipment at all levels of
indenture where they are necessary
Excludes, for example:
a. On-orbit operations beyond checkout and acceptance
b. Ground operations and maintenance
F.4.2 Space Vehicle 1…n (Specify). A complete Space Vehicle in a multiple or dissimilar Space Vehicle
configuration. This WBS element is intended for Space Vehicle(s) that are unmanned satellites orbiting the earth. It
contains all of the resources associated with the design, development, production, integration, assembly, and test to
include verification testing of each Space Vehicle as required.
Includes, for example:
a. The design, development, and production, integration, assembly, test, and checkout of complete
elements (i.e., the prototype or operationally configured elements, which satisfy the requirements of
their applicable specification, regardless of end use)
b. Sub-elements to the Space Vehicle-Bus, Payload; Booster Adapter; Space Vehicle Storage; Launch
Systems Integration; Launch Operations and Mission Operations Support (F.4.2.1-F.4.2.7)

NOTE: For lower level Common Elements, e.g., SEIT/PM and Support Equipment, reference Appendix L
section L.4.

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F.4.2.1 Bus. The portion of the Space Vehicle that serves as a housing or platform for carrying Payloads
and provides necessary support functions (power, thermal control, etc.). It also interfaces with the Launch Vehicle
(F.4.7) via the Booster Adapter (F.4.2.3).
Includes, for example:
a. Structures and Mechanisms (S&M), Thermal Control (TCS), Electrical Power (EPS), Attitude Control
(ACS), Propulsion (PS), Telemetry, Tracking, and Command (TT&C) subsystems; and Bus Flight
Software
b. All design, development, production, and assembly, test, and checkout efforts to provide the Bus as an
entity or as subsystems for integration with other WBS Level 3 elements (i.e., Payload Equipment)
hardware elements
NOTE 1: On more complicated Space Vehicles, there may be an integrated digital system (single
electronic box or set of boxes) that performs processing functions for both the Bus and Payloads. In
these cases it is acceptable to consider the Multi-Processor system as a single Payload or as part of a
specific Payload. The Multi-Processor System may integrate functions normally included under ACS,
TT&C, Communication and other Payloads. The relevant point is to keep the cost in a single element
and not allocate over multiple WBS elements.
NOTE 2: For lower level Common Elements such as SEIT/PM, reference Appendix L, section L.4.

F.4.2.1.1 Structures and Mechanisms (SMS). This subsystem provides structural support, deployment
and locking functions for the Space Vehicle.
Includes, for example:
a. Items such as structure, mechanisms, structures with integral (non-removable) thermal control,
pyrotechnics
b. Equipment compartments, trusses, frames and shells for carrying primary loads; and secondary
structures for equipment support; structural assemblies for interfacing with the Booster Adapter and/or
with the Launch Vehicle.
c. All load carrying devices, such as Payload equipment panels that are provided to Payload equipment
suppliers for supporting Payload equipment components
d. Springs, cables, latches and other mechanisms and support structures that are not defined elsewhere
within the WBS and are cost separable
Excludes, for example:
a. Mechanisms that are identified with specific elements they support, such as Solar Array Positioners
and gimbals for antennas
b. Booster adapters not integral with spacecraft structures
c. Payload fairings that are included in the launch vehicle element
d. Small equipment compartments or pallets that house Payload electronics, which are part of the Payload
element
e. Booms that are used to exclusively support Payload components or assemblies in the Payload element

NOTE 1: For lower level Common Elements, e.g., SEIT/PM and Support Equipment, reference Appendix
L, section L.4.

F.4.2.1.1.1 Structures. This collection of items provides structural support for all Bus and Payload
components and assemblies. They include items such as equipment compartments (structural elements that protect
from radiation, thermal, electromagnetic, and other effects; excluding single unit chassis integral to that unit);
trusses, frames and shells for carrying primary loads; and secondary structures for equipment support. This element
includes all load-carrying devices, such as Payload equipment panels that are provided to Payload Equipment
suppliers for supporting Payload Equipment components. However, structural elements such as small equipment

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APPENDIX F
compartments or pallets that house Payload electronics and are provided as part of Payload equipment are excluded
from this WBS element and included in the appropriate Payload equipment Structures element. Booms exclusively
for supporting payload equipment components or assemblies are also included in payload structures.
F.4.2.1.1.2 Mechanisms and Pyrotechnics. The collection of items that deploy or lock Space Vehicle
components, excluding Antenna and Solar Array mechanisms (to the extent that the Mechanisms are separable from
the components they support). This element also includes items that provide reaction force to initiate release for
separation or deployment. These devices include squibs and ordnance separation units. Pyrotechnic initiation
electronics are normally included within the Electrical Power subsystem.
Includes, for example:
a. Hinges
b. Springs
c. Cables
d. Latches
e. Motors
f. Separation bolts
g. Squibs
Excludes, for example:
a. Antenna
b. Optics
c. Sensor
d. Solar array mechanisms
F.4.2.1.1.3 SMS Other. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Structures
and Mechanisms subsystem hardware not included in WBS elements above.
F.4.2.1.2 Thermal Control (TCS). This subsystem maintains the temperatures of all Bus components, and
those Payload suites without their own Thermal Control provisions, within acceptable limits.
Includes, for example:
a. Active and passive components such as Cryogenic Devices, Liquid Loops, Electric Coolers, multilayer thermal insulation blankets (MLI), surface coatings (thermal paint), mirrors, thermal tape, heat
pipes, heat sinks, insulation, conductive structures and materials, louvers, sun shields, Electric
Coolers, Heaters, Thermisters, Thermostats, shutters, thermal conducting elements, and radiator
panels/fins
NOTE 1: In cases where a Payload contains its own thermal control provisions, the Thermal Control
components are included in the Payload WBS element.
NOTE 2: When a component or unit has integral (non-removable) thermal control provisions such as
heat sinks, thermisters, or heaters then that item should be included within that component or unit.
NOTE 3: For lower level Common Elements, e.g., SEIT/PM and Support Equipment, reference Appendix
L, section L.4.

F.4.2.1.2.1 Cryogenic Devices. This collection of items facilitates the control of operating temperatures of
Bus components and those Payload suites without their own Thermal Control provisions by obtaining or operating
at cryogenic (below 150 degrees centigrade) temperatures. Examples include cryocoolers and cryostats.
F.4.2.1.2.2 Liquid Loops. This collection of items compose a heat transfer system that helps control
temperatures of Bus components, and those Payload suites without their own Thermal Control provisions. This
system is usually comprised of fluid (gas or liquid) conduits (tubing), heat exchangers, and pumps.

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F.4.2.1.2.3 Electric Coolers. This collection of items electrically reduces operating temperatures of Bus
components, and those Payload suites without their own thermal control provisions.
Includes, for example:
a. Peltier devices
b. Peltier diodes
c. Peltier heat pumps
d. Solid state refrigerators
e. Thermoelectric coolers (tecs) or any electronics for controlling the coolers
F.4.2.1.2.4 Heaters, Thermisters and Thermostats. This collection of items actively controls heat loss by
generating heat and controlling and monitoring temperatures. Thermisters and Thermostats are equivalent terms.
Heater switching is included within the Electrical Power subsystem.
F.4.2.1.2.5 Passive Devices. This collection of items passively maintain the temperatures of all Bus
components, and those Payload suites without their own Thermal Control provisions.
Includes, for example:
a. Radiator panels/fins
b. Coatings
c. Heat pipes
d. Insulation
e. Conductive structures
f. Louvers and sun shields
F.4.2.1.2.6 TCS Other. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Thermal
Control subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above.
F.4.2.1.3 Electrical Power (EPS). This subsystem generates, converts, regulates, stores, distributes, and
switches electrical energy to Bus and Payload components.
Includes, for example:
a. Electric power generation: solar array (to include substrates, solar cells, support structure), solar array
positioner (to include drive assembly and drive electronics), radioisotope thermionic generator, other
power sources
b. Electric power conditioning and distribution: power control electronics (to include junction boxes and
pyrotechnics/heater controls), power conversion electronics (to include inverters, converters and
regulators), power dissipation devices (to include shunt resistor banks and dissipaters)
c. Electric power storage: rechargeable batteries (to include cells, support structure and interconnects),
charge control electronics
d. Harnesses and cables

NOTE: For lower level Common Elements, e.g., SEIT/PM and Support Equipment, reference Appendix
L, section L.4.

F.4.2.1.3.1 Solar Array. These elements generate power by converting solar energy into electricity with
strings of solar cells. This WBS includes substrates, solar cells, interconnecting wiring, concentrators, cover-glass
and supporting structure, which together form a solar panel. A Solar Array is made up of one or more solar panels
(for example, a Solar Array wing) and mechanisms for deployment and latching.
F.4.2.1.3.2 Solar Array Positioner. This element orients the Solar Array to get the best sun incidence angle
in order to maximize solar cell efficiency. This WBS includes both the drive assembly and any integral drive
control electronics. Control Electronics for the positioner are typically located in the Attitude Control subsystem.

108

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MIL-STD-881C
APPENDIX F
F.4.2.1.3.3 Radioisotope Thermionic Generator. This element converts heat into electricity via thermionic
emission using nuclear-reactor or radioisotope energy sources. They are typically used for deep space missions
where long mission life is required and when distances from the sun are large enough to render Solar Arrays
ineffective.
F.4.2.1.3.4 Other Power Sources. These elements contain all the resources associated with electrical
power generation hardware not included in WBS elements above. These elements include items such as nonrechargeable batteries and fuel cells (which convert chemical energy into electrical energy) and are typically used as
backup power systems, using an energy source other than the Space Vehicle's main power source.
F.4.2.1.3.5 Power Control, Switching and Distribution Electronics. This collection of items allow for
power flow throughout the Space Vehicle. This WBS element includes power control, switching and distribution
units; junction boxes; Pyrotechnics initiation, Heater switching, Propulsion Valve Drive Modules (PVDM), and
battery switching units.
F.4.2.1.3.6 Power Conditioning, Conversion and Regulation. This collection of items condition, convert
and regulate power throughout the Space Vehicle.
Includes, for example:
a. Inverters, converters, and regulators
F.4.2.1.3.7 Power Dissipation Devices. This collection of items dissipate power not used by the Space
Vehicle electrical loads. This includes shunt resistor banks and other dissipaters.
F.4.2.1.3.8 Rechargeable Batteries. This collection of items stores and subsequently releases electrical
energy. Batteries convert chemical energy into electrical energy during discharge and electrical energy into
chemical energy during charge.
Includes, for example:
a. Battery cells
b. Supporting structure (or packs)
c. Interconnects
d. Reconditioning equipment
F.4.2.1.3.9 Charge Control Electronics. This collection of items charges the batteries. This element
controls the level to which a battery is charged or discharged. This includes battery charge assembly (BCA) and
diodes.
F.4.2.1.3.10 Harnesses and Cables. This element is the collection of items used to route and provide
electrical power and signals throughout the Space Vehicle. This is also commonly referred to as "wiring."
Includes, for example:
a. Coaxial
b. Fiber optic cables
c. Installation hardware
Excludes, for example:
a. Harnessing within a Payload
F.4.2.1.3.11 EPS Other. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Electrical
Power subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above.

109

1.4.4.1. Accelerometers can be used to sense inclination. These elements are optical devices measuring the direction to one or more stars. e. A commonly used device is a Three Axis Magnetometer (TAM).2. magnetometers). or as complex as a steerable telescope.g. velocities and angular rates using onboard sensors and torque application devices.2..2. earth (horizon) sensors.4. F. which helps the momentum management functions to generate signals to the Magnetic Torque Assembly (MTA).1..1.2. Thrusters). Attitude determination: attitude reference (to include star tracker/sensors.n (Specify).4.n (Specify).n (Specify).e. such as geosynchronous satellites and deep space probes. Solar Array Positioners. F. control moment gyros.4.g. and shock. F. These elements are a type of inertial sensor that uses only gyroscopes to determine a the Space Vehicle’s change in angular direction (referred to as "delta-theta" or Δθ) over a period of time.. sun sensors.. energy storage devices (flywheels)].. This can be as simple as some solar cells and shades. i. attitudes. and time. A GPS constellation is comprised of Medium Earth Orbit satellites that transmit precise microwave signals.4. F. These elements are sensors used to measure the angular rate measurements (3 degree axis .. Inertial Reference Units (IRUs) are generally not equipped with Accelerometers. at the horizon.. typically using a photocell or solid-state Camera to observe the star(s).4. speed. This element determines and controls Space Vehicle orbital positions. inertial reference (to include inertial reference units.4 Magnetometers. Excluded from this is the GPS Antenna and coax cabling that is included in the TT&C subsystem.2.4. that enable GPS Receivers to determine their location. F.4. F. The TAM outputs three analog signals that are proportional to the components of the Earth’s magnetic field in the Magnetometer coordinate frame. the Electrical Power subsystem.4. Attitude control: gyro stabilization devices [to include reaction wheels. section L..4. Single. and global position system (GPS) receivers b.and multi-axis models are available to detect magnitude and direction of the acceleration as a vector quantity.4 Attitude Control (ACS).everyspec.4.2. vibration.1.n (Specify).1.1.2. momentum wheels. Infrared is often used.n (Specify).4..1. This element calculates position by using timing signals sent by the constellation of GPS satellites. This can be a scanning or a staring instrument. F.6 Inertial Reference Unit-IRU / Inertial Measurement Unit-IMU 1…n (Specify).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2.8 Accelerometers 1. depending on mission requirements.1 Star Tracker/Sensors 1.7 Rate Gyros 1. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. spin control devices..2 Earth (Horizon) Sensors 1.4. control electronics NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.2. magnetic control devices. for example: a. reference Appendix L. pitch and yaw) of the Space Vehicle to help with maintaining the stabilization and pointing accuracy of the Space Vehicle. It may also send control signals to Propulsion subsystem components (e.3 Sun Sensors 1.5 Global Positioning System (GPS) Receiver. Unlike an Inertial Measurement Unit. These elements are used to measure the strength and/or direction of the Earth’s magnetic field. rate gyros. These elements provide orientation with respect to the Earth about two orthogonal axes.4.4. IRUs are typically used for Attitude Control and navigation of vehicles with relatively constant acceleration rates. Includes. These elements sense the direction to the Sun.1..roll. F.4. which can function even on the dark side of the Earth. 110 . and communication/ Payload positioner electronics. accelerometers).4.. direction. bearing and power transfer assemblies (BAPTAs).Downloaded from http://www. These elements are optical instruments that detect light from the 'limb' of the Earth's atmosphere.. These elements are devices for measuring acceleration and gravity induced reaction forces. which measure acceleration forces. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.

2.5. This subsystem provides thrust for attitude control and orbit corrections as required to accomplish the specified mission. the Control Electronics receive the input command from the Space Vehicle processor and convert it to the corresponding electrical interface stimulus.2.2.12 Spin Control Devices. fuel tanks.. F.1. Usually. for example. thrusters. Valves and Thrusters.4. This element is a mechanism that transmits electrical power and signals across rotating joints between the ―spun‖ and ―despun‖ sections of spin-stabilized space vehicles.g.1. These elements provide electrical interfaces between the Space Vehicle processor and sensors and effectors (reaction control wheels.2. e. A BAPTA usually consists of three main parts: (1) a bearing unit. Includes..).. thereby creating the necessary angular momentum to counter the Space Vehicle’s momentum.4.2. if the Space Vehicle contains both types. F.10 Attitude Control Wheels 1.everyspec.2.2.1. xenon tanks.1. They typically consist of a solid metal core. 111 . For sensors.n (Specify).4. F. F.Downloaded from http://www. for the effector. liquid propellant and pressurant NOTE 1: A propulsion subsystem can either be liquid or electric. These elements provide for storage of propellants and pressurants used in the Propulsion subsystem.4.11 Magnetic Control Devices.1. reference Appendix L.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. These elements are electromagnets that apply torques to the Space Vehicle by interacting with the Earth’s magnetic field.4. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Attitude Control subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above. a case that protects them from physical damage and ultraviolet radiation. Tanks. They also control the orientation of the despun section about the spin axis in inertial space.5 Propulsion 1. etc.. active analogs.. pulses.13) if they are separable from the wheel devices. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. NOTE 2: For lower level Common Elements. Solid fuel Propulsion components. for example: a. etc. F.n (Specify)1. control moment gyros (CMGs) and momentum wheels. They include nutation and wobble dampers. Includes. are booked with liquid Propulsion subsystem items. create two separate subsystems (1.4.1. Examples include: reaction wheels.4.1. F. etc. These elements dampen disturbance accelerations in spin-stabilized space vehicles.1 Tanks 1…n (Specify).4. provide angular stabilization of the Space Vehicle.n (Specify). MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.14 ACS Other.4.2. the Control Electronics condition the telemetry signal (such as tach pulses. Magnetic Control Devices. in order to provide stability and pointing accuracy.4. monopropellant tanks. etc.4.. digital to analog converter (DAC). and mounting blocks and a connector. e. helium (pressurant) tanks.4.g.) to either an analog signal within the Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) range and/or convert to a corresponding digital output.4.n). Solar Array Positioners.4. This WBS element also includes computers or processors that are dedicated to Attitude Control subsystem functions. which is wound with two independent coils of copper wire. solid rocket motors.2..1. section L.4.9 Bearing and Power Transfer Assembly (BAPTA). also known as Gyro Stabilization Devices. (2) a drive unit and (3) a slip ring unit. integral to the Space Vehicle. These elements. oxidizer tanks.. F.4.. For effectors.1.4. BAPTAs.13 Control Electronics 1. These wheels control the attitude via the internal torques created by the electrically generated rotation of wheels. plumbing.. Control electronics for wheel devices are included in the Control Electronics element (F. the wheels can be commanded to spin in either a clockwise or a counterclockwise direction. It may also provide thrust for orbit injection and changes.

for example. This element performs functions such as: formatting and transmitting telemetry (typically on narrowband links). Nozzles may be fixed or steerable. provide timing signals to the Bus and Payload suites.2. F. monopropellant fuel.6 Power Electronics.everyspec. Pointing command and control equipment integral or dedicated to payload functions NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. F. receivers. telemetry units. perform on-board attitude determination. and perform Thruster control.5. and Hall Effect.4. data switches.2. valves (squib. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. This element also includes any Gimbal mechanism required for vector movement.4. signal conditioners. Xenon. ephemeris calculations and Attitude Control equipment control (if these are not performed by dedicated Attitude Control computers/electronic components).4. This element is a collection of items provide for the electric power used for an electric Propulsion subsystem. timing units. demodulators. other RF equipment (such as transmitters. monopropellant.5.. Includes. traveling wave tube assembly. Positioner control. regulators. and igniter. The TT&C subsystem may also: provide central processing functions.4.4.4. which are included in either the Attitude Control Subsystem or the TT&C Subsystem. verifying. solid fuel propellant (grain). These elements provide reaction force for the final Space Vehicle maneuver into orbit and for orbit changes. filters. Includes. and installation hardware.5. for example. This element excludes the electronics controlling the liquid thrusters.. frequency generators.5. F. command units.1. Tracking.1. Passive radio frequency (RF) components (such as antennas. F. Includes. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Propulsion subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above.2. Thrusters provide the force to alter the attitude and velocity of a space vehicle. F. downconverters. xenon (for electric propulsion) and other gasses/fuel used in the Propulsion subsystem.1.1. and generating command and control signals for the Bus and Payload suites based on uplink commands and/or internally generated data. decoding.n (Specify). Liquid Apogee Engine (LAE).4. solid state power amplifiers.2. 112 .2.. for example.3 Thrusters 1. power supplies and relay units. transducers. for example. Includes. or contain segments that are ignited by command. decoders. and thrusters of different LBFs (Pounds force).1. passive signal flow control). nozzle. latch. power amplifiers. and Command (TT&C). accepting. casing.Downloaded from http://www. for example. Includes. and upconverters). extinguished and re-ignited.7 Propulsion Other. manifolds.1. and other electronics Excludes.6 Telemetry. bipropellant. command sequencers. liquid apogee motor.5 Liquid Propellant and Pressurant.4. for example: a. F. e.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. helium pressurant. fill/drain and check).4 Solid Rocket Motors. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Motors may be single use only. Electrical Power monitoring/and control (if this is not performed by dedicated Electrical Power subsystem components). reference Appendix L.5. This collection of items provides for the Distribution and flow control of Propellants and Pressurants.2 Plumbing.5. for example: a. fittings. transponder. One specific example would be an Apogee Kick Motor (AKM).g. lines (tubing).1. bipropellant fuel and oxidizer. This collection of items provides for the propellant and pressurant (liquids and gasses) used to generate force (Delta V) or pressure. modulators.2. Includes. Excludes the power generation and distribution associated with the Electrical Power subsystem.2. and storing uplink commands. solid state memory. section L. processors (such as onboard computers [obcs]).

F.4.4. Includes. unit configurations and operations. but can also be Feeds. such as telemetry.2.2.1. Central Processing Units (CPUs) or Onboard Computers (OBCs). Computers and processors dedicated to ACS attitude determination and control functions. Likewise. for example.4.1. Modulators modify the amplitude.Downloaded from http://www.6.4.8 Command/Telemetry Units 1…n (Specify). TT&C transceivers contain both a transmitter and a receiver. Includes.2. phase frequency of sinusoidal ―carrier‖ signals to include information in the resultant (modulated) output signal. These elements (digital) provide the engineering definitions used to configure and determine the health and status of the Space Vehicle.2 Passive Signal Flow Control.7 Computers and Processors 1…n (Specify). RF plumbing. which perform both operations.5 Amplifiers. Computers and processors that perform general spacecraft bus (and possibly payload) computing functions. This includes. TT&C internal harnesses and cables. Typical Command units include: on/off. Computer and Processor memory may also be included within this WBS element. Traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs) c. Flight Software (FSW) modes and states.2.2. Demodulators perform the inverse of modulators. waveguides.1. to the extent that those are separable from the TT&C computers and processors performing general functions F. and arrays. Includes.2..6. F. triplexers. such as command execution. Reflectors.4. Excludes.6.1. TT&C transmitters typically convert digital telemetry signals into modulated RF signals.everyspec. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. F.2.4 Modulators/Demodulators/Modems.2. This element is a collection of items that provide various passive RF signal flow and conditioning functionality within the TT&C subsystem.6.3 Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1. F.6 Frequency Upconverter/Downconverter. multicouplers. upconverters and downconverters. separating digital information from carrier signals. Low noise amplifiers (LNAs) F. diplexers.1.n (Specify). filters. Frequency converters. TT&C transponders relay RF signals. Solid state power amplifiers (SSPAs) b. Downconverters take an input frequency and reduce it to a lower output frequency. These elements receive RF signals of one frequency and output at a different frequency. TT&C receivers receive RF signals and convert them to digital command signals.6. These elements are devices that change/increase the amplitude of a signal. Includes. for example: a.6. are also included in this WBS element. F. These elements are typically omni-directional antennas including support structure and mechanisms. for example: a.4.1 Antennas. multiplexers. They receive RF signals for the command and control of the Space Vehicle and transmit Space Vehicle telemetry to the ground. These electronics send and/or receive signals to and/or from TT&C antennas and separate them into analog or digital signals. A RF Upconverter is a device that takes an input of radio frequency energy of a specific frequency range and outputs it on a higher frequency. Includes the antenna for the GPS receiver. and other similar low-value items.4. such as 113 . coaxial switches. Antennas that are primarily used for mission objectives should be located within the Payload WBS.6. or to payload functions. Modems.1. RF switches. These elements process data according to a list of computer software instructions (see Bus Flight Software) controlling the Bus subsystems and Payload functions not handled by Payload specific Processors. for example. The input signals to modulators are usually digital signal streams. These elements are primarily used for TT&C specific functions. This is typically done by combining (mixing) the input signal with a sinusoidal signal from a local oscillator.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4.6.. for example: a.1. enable/disable. for example: a.1.

These elements can include compression. and Thermal Control. Includes. In such a case. for example.2.9 Command Sensors 1…n (Specify).) that detect events (e. In these cases. Central and remote C&T elements F.n (Specify)..1. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique TT&C subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above. These elements alter (e.2. Solar Array angles. Typical Telemetry Units include unit configuration and operational status: on/off.1. while decryption inputs are usually the outputs of command receivers. etc. A proximity sensor often emits an electromagnetic or electrostatic field. eliminate noise. Receivers and Transponders WBS element.2.1. Electrical Power Management. FSW modes and states. This element includes all resources associated with bus flight software functions. etc. the signal conditioner will amplify the sensor output to bring the voltage level up to that required by the ADC. the output of an electronic temperature sensor may be too low for an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to process directly. Telemetry. amplify) analog signals to meet the requirements of the next processing stage. Different proximity sensor targets demand different sensors. a capacitive or photoelectric sensor might be suitable for a plastic target.4. Attitude Control.1. Inputs to encryption devices usually come from telemetry units. converter voltages. voltage regulation percentage.. attitude rates. telemetry and mission data and may interface between Bus and/or Payload units. These elements are sensors (survivability.4. The following CSCIs should be used when applicable (lower levels of these CSCIs may be used if more appropriate): Operating System and/or Boot Code. Integrated command and telemetry (C&T) processing units (Many Space Vehicles employ both central command and telemetry units as well as remote units that interface with a limited number of payload or bus equipment) d. Thruster valve firing durations. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Reaction Control Wheel speed bias. Communications security (COMSEC) electronics encrypt digital telemetry data and decrypt digital command data. proximity.1. process. F. F. On-Board Fault Management (OBFM) configuration and status. tape recorders and disk recorders. The Bus Flight Application Software should be more than a single CSCI. and digital multiplexers/demultiplexers. for instance). for example: a. compress. in order to determine the health and status of the Space Vehicle.6. Telemetry units are used in conjunction with calculation curves to convert raw data telemetry to engineering units.4. and looks for changes in the field or return signal. 114 . oscillators and timing units.2. Command and Data Handling. and/or store housekeeping.1.n (Specify). Handling and Interface 1.g.7 Bus Flight Software.1. nuclear. RF signal strength.4.12 Communications Security 1.. Command processing units b. For example. F. etc. the integrated electronic box is included in the Command and Telemetry Electronics WBS element. It may also encrypt low-volume payload digital data.everyspec.2. if COMSEC equipment is integrated with TT&C transmitters or receivers. In some cases COMSEC circuit boards or chips may be packaged along with command and telemetry electronics.14 TT&C Other.6. F. Includes. F. an inductive proximity sensor requires a metal target. solid state recorders (SSRs). Similarly. Reference Appendix B for Software definitions. filter. electromagnetic) or the presence of nearby objects without any physical contact for the safety of the Space Vehicle.g.11 Signal Conditioners. current draw.2. Tracking and Control. For example. These elements carry. or a beam of electromagnetic radiation (infrared.Downloaded from http://www.6.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Excludes data storage units used primarily for storing payload data..2. Telemetry processing units c.10 Frequency and Timing.13 Data Storage..4.. and other interface functions. interface units. Health Maintenance and Status.4. This WBS element includes frequency generators. the electronics box is included in the Transmitters.4.6. Database. These elements provide stable timing and frequency reference signals (RF and digital) to other Space Vehicle electronics components including Payload components without their own frequency and timing capabilities.6.6. F. data handling units. telemetry storage units (TSUs).

and testing. 115 . that are primarily used for mission objectives (see a. surveillance.1 Structures and Mechanisms. reference Appendix L. reference Appendix L. section L. A typical space vehicle configuration includes a communication subsystem (e. Command and Telemetry/Interface Units that interface with Payload equipment are included in the Bus TT&C subsystem unless they are integral to the Payload suite NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. Signal Electronics. Space Framework software is also included here. section L. below) d. For a weather satellite that includes an imager. Electrical Power. for example: a.4. Payload TT&C SW CSCIs that run on the bus processor is included in the Bus Flight Software WBS element. On a communication satellite each service or band should be considered a payload. e. Includes.n (Specify). mechanisms.everyspec.4. Payload subsystems: Structures and Mechanisms.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. A SV with a space to ground link. b.2. and two communication services should have 5 distinct payloads. assembly. instrument B.4. additional communication or exploration payloads. Thermal Control. All elements and components that are shared between distinct payloads can either be included within the first payload or a separate unique payload can be created for the shared units. Software development integral to recurring Bus hardware units (Level 5 items) NOTE 1: Flight Software that is not segregable between the Bus and Payload is included within this WBS. such as Antennas and RF electronics.Downloaded from http://www. These are included in the WBS elements containing the hardware in which ASICs and FPGAs are contained. Examples of space system mission functions are communications. SW and or SEIT/PM. ASIC and FPGA design. below) Excludes.g. pyrotechnics devoted to payload functions (see Bus Structures and Mechanisms for further definition). F. remote sensing. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Pointing Command and Control Interface. Payload 1) and optionally a complement of one or more sensing.. Hardware components shared with the TT&C. for example: a.4. F. numbered here from 1 to N. integration. Common Items between them could be included in one of them or a 4th payload can be used to house the common HW. coding. All of the resources associated with the design. and test to include verification testing of the Payload WBS equipment b. Payloads are the sets of hardware and software on a space vehicle that perform mission functions. Antenna.g.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electronics Systems... Prime Mission Sensor. software for performing Payload processing is included in the Payload Flight Software WBS element.2 Payload 1. This subsystem is a summing element for payload structures and mechanisms. for example: a. Hardware components that are devoted primarily to TT&C functions (except the command and telemetry interfaces described in c. Command and Telemetry/Interface Units that are integral to the Payload suite (see b. e. Otherwise.. A space vehicle may have multiple payloads. Optical Assembly. above) b. surveillance and scientific exploration. and a phased array system should have 3 distinct payloads.g.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Excludes. It includes structure. development. a crosslink. and instrument C. production. NOTE 3: For lower level software information. NOTE 2: For lower level Common elements.2. and Payload Flight Software c.

Thermal conducting elements s. Conductive structures k.2.1 Structures.2. This element uses Payload-specific thermal control equipment to maintain Payload component temperatures. Includes. e. Active and passive components such as cryogenic devices. reference Appendix L. These elements are specific to the Payload. Multi-layer thermal insulation blankets (MLI) e. section L. F.2.4. which stow.1. Booms (excluding antenna booms) c. Louvers l. Electric coolers d. optical benches (that support the whole Payload) d. Surface coatings (thermal paint) f.2. the Payload thermal control equipment is included in the Bus Thermal Control subsystem. e. Payload gimbals and positioners For a general definition. for example: a.g. Heaters o.1. Sun shields m. Excludes. lock or support Payload components (excluding gimbals or positioners).2. for example: a. Includes.3 Structures and Mechanisms Other. Radiator panels/fins NOTE 1: In cases where Payload thermal control is an integral portion of Bus thermal control. Thermal tape h. Thermostats q. Structural support components b. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.everyspec.2 Thermal Control.Downloaded from http://www. b. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload Structures and Mechanisms subsystem hardware items not included in elements above. F.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. see Mechanisms and Pyrotechnics within the Bus Structures and Mechanisms subsystem. This collection of items provides structural support for all Payload equipment. deploy.2 Mechanisms and Pyrotechnics.4.4.1.2.4. 116 . Shutters r. Electric coolers n. Insulation j. for example: a. Optical benches may also be present within the Optical Assembly and Aft Optics elements F. These elements are hardware end items.4. Liquid loops c. Thermisters p. Heat pipes and sinks i. Equipment compartments or pallets that house Payload components and are integral to the Payload equipment. F. Mirrors g.2.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE 1: For lower level Common Elements. components and assemblies. This element also includes items that provide reaction force to initiate release for separation or deployment specific to the Payload. Frames.2.

Included in the Payload Electrical Power subsystem are Power Supplies.4.2. This element generates.4. Power Control Switching and Distribution.3 Electrical Power.2. Additionally.2. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload Thermal Control subsystem hardware items not included in elements above. thermisters.2. Power Conversion.2.4 Electric Heaters. and Harnesses and Cables. NOTE 3: For lower level Common Elements.2.2.2.4. Thermoelectric coolers (TECs) f.4.2. insulation.2. and pumps. heat exchangers. This collection of items electrically reduces operating temperatures of Payload components. This collection of items actively controls Payload heat loss by generating heat and controlling and monitoring temperatures.everyspec. This system is usually comprised of fluid (gas or liquid) conduits (tubing).6 Sun Shields.g.4. coatings. This collection of items passively maintain the temperatures of all Payload components.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. These elements. Heater switching is included within the Payload Electrical Power or the Bus Electrical Power subsystems.2. Cryocoolers and cryostats F. minimize thermal (and other energy) fluctuations by shielding the Payload from the sun. F. F. and louvers..4. regulates. Peltier devices b.2. section L. Thermisters and Thermostats.4. Peltier heat pumps d. section L. reference Appendix L. for example: a.7 Thermal Control Other.1 Cryogenic Devices.2. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE 2: When a payload component or unit has integral (non-removable) thermal control provisions such as heat sinks. which are deployable. This collection of items facilitates the control of operating temperatures of Payload components by obtaining or operating at cryogenic (below minus 150 degrees centigrade) temperatures. e.4.2. e. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.2. Thermisters and Thermostats are equivalent terms.4.2. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. It excludes Electrical Power supply equipment in the Bus.4.2.2. F. reference Appendix L. conductive Structures.2.Downloaded from http://www. Peltier diodes c.2. Includes. or heaters then that item should be included within that component or unit.2.2.2 Liquid Loops. heat pipes. sunshields can be employed to compensate for solar disturbances to pitch and yaw (solar torque balancing). Solid state refrigerators e. This collection of items compose a heat transfer system that helps control temperatures within Payload components. F.g. Low-cost (passive) Payload sun shields may be included within Passive Devices. Examples include radiator panels/fins.2. 117 . converts. for example: a. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.5 Passive Devices.. stores and distributes electrical energy to the Payload. Includes. F. F. Electronics for controlling the coolers F.3 Electric Coolers.

4.4. Payload positioners f. Computers and processors b. Payload heater switching electronics f.3.4. Positioners dedicated to payload antennas b.2. This subsystem also provides processing primarily associated with payload. Control electronics d.4. for example: a.5 Electrical Power Other.3. Optical assemblies and sensors NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. batteries. reference Appendix L.2. Command and telemetry electronics c. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. Payload junction boxes d.1 Power Sources.4. Includes. F.2. for example: a..2. Includes. For a general definition.3. F. This element determines and controls payload positions and pointing orientations.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4 Pointing. Conversion and Regulation. F. Central Processing Units (CPUs) or Onboard Computers (OBCs). for example: a. for example: a.4. Pointing sensors e. Includes. These elements process payload data according to a list of computer software instructions (see Payload Flight Software) for the Payload subsystems.4. section L.4 Harnesses and Cables. 118 . e.everyspec. This collection of items is used to route and provide Electrical Power and signals throughout the Payload.4.2. and Control Interface System. Includes. This collection of items generates and sometimes stores the Electrical Power for Payload elements requiring a power alternative to the power generated in the Bus Electrical Power subsystem.2.3. Solar Arrays. Data handling/switching Excludes.4. independent of the space vehicle. It may also send control signals to other payload equipment.2. Inverters. Payload power control b. This includes.3. converters. Payload pyrotechnics initiation electronics e. Payload battery switching electronics F.2.g.2. F.2.2. It is also the primary electronic interface between the payload and the spacecraft bus and/or other payloads.2. This excludes payload functions handled by Bus processors.1 Computers and Processors 1…n (Specify).2 Power Control Switching and Distribution Electronics. Computer and Processor memory may also be included within this WBS element. This element is a collection of electronics specific to the Payload that provides electrical power to Payload components. and regulators F. These elements condition. Command. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload Electrical Power subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above.Downloaded from http://www.2. for example.2. and capacitors. convert and regulate power throughout the payload. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.3 Power Conditioning. for example. Switching and distribution electronics c. power supplies. see Harnesses and Cables within the Bus Electrical Power subsystem.

for example: a.6 Security.4. and other interface functions Excludes.2.everyspec. and Control Interface subsystem hardware items not included in elements above. Tracking.4.2. These units may also include functions from other subsystems such as Multifunctional Signal Electronic Boxes (therefore these units can include Analog/RF devices also). These elements position.n (Specify).2. Remote access servers F. Command.2. Encryption and Decryption Devices 1.n (Specify).4.8 Multifunctional Digital Electronic Boxes 1.4.4. FPGA.4.9 Pointing. Tracking...2.2.2. see Command/Telemetry Units within the Bus Telemetry.4. Handling and Interface 1..4. data handling units b.n (Specify). and Control Interface System Other. for example: a. These elements provide directional information for Payloads.n (Specify). F. and/or store housekeeping..2.4.. reflectors. routers c. 119 . These elements encrypt and/or decrypt Payload data. feeds.n (Specify)..2. Solid state recorders (SSRs) c. transmit/receive modules. F. and Command subsystem.. For a general definition. Includes Star Trackers and Sun Sensors. Digital Channelizers b.7 Data Storage. These elements (digital) provide the engineering definitions used to configure and determine the health and status of the Payload. F. F. Includes. Digital signal processors.4. positioners.5 Payload Antenna 1. It includes structure and mechanisms. Interface units. optical assemblies and sensors. or processors and may also run software.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. F. see Control Electronics within the Bus Attitude Control subsystem. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Pointing. see Communications Security (COMSEC / Encryption and Decryption devices) within the Bus Telemetry.2 Command/Telemetry Elements 1…n (Specify). These elements carry..4.2. This excludes those positioning elements dedicated to payload antennas. for phased array antennas. These antennas are primarily used for mission data and may also carry TT&C data. For a general definition.2. wiring and waveguides and. for example: a. inertial reference units and other sensors dedicated to payload pointing/positioning.4..2. see corresponding sensors within the Bus Attitude Control subsystem.Downloaded from http://www.2.4 Pointing Sensors 1…n (Specify). For a general definition. F.4.2.. These units transmit and/or receive RF signals. which are included within the corresponding WBS elements below. A/D and D/A converters.2. point and/or move the entire payload.4.5 Payload Positioners 1.2.. and Command subsystem. Compression. These elements are unique digital electronic devices that may combine multiple functions identified above and therefore do not fit into a single element above and are specific to the Payload. Telemetry storage units (TSUs) d.3 Control Electronics 1.2.4.. For a general definition.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Includes. These units are likely to contain ASICs. process.2. Command.4.n (Specify). telemetry and mission data and may interface with Payload units. Data storage units used primarily for storing Bus data F. Tape recorders and disk recorders e. Digital modems. These elements provide electrical interfaces between the Payload and/or Bus processor(s)/sensors and payload effectors.

This element also includes complete antennas.2. This element is a collection of items that provides structural support for Antenna equipment and components. Includes. These elements typically point entire antennas in a desired direction.4. spiral element or a set of dipoles and RF components (if they are not separable from the feed itself). Functionally. A horn is an open-ended waveguide of increasing cross-sectional area. reference Appendix L. Booms c.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. These elements focus received and/or transmitted electromagnetic waves (signals). used for receiving signals.5.. for example: a. Phased array antennas are typically made up of arrays of transmit/receive modules.2.2. Alternatively. such as for antenna positioners. polarizers. or alternatively radiates directly (without a reflector). Includes. which focus a received signal into one point or direct a transmitted signal into a beam. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: For lower level Common Elements..4. Both primary and sub-reflectors F.5. Control electronics in separate enclosures are included in Payload Control Electronics above F. These elements receive and/or transmit signals. which feeds a reflector that forms a beam. they are usually located between a reflector and an amplifier. such as orthomode transducers. e. and corner reflectors that reflect the incoming signal back in the direction it came from.4. Includes. In some cases transmit/receive modules are fully integrated assemblies in the form of ―tiles‖ that can be laid side-by-side on support structures. Other signal and power routing.4. and helix e. Small equipment compartments or pallets that house antenna electronics and are integral to the Payload Antenna F. 120 . Dipole. or a low noise amplifier (LNA).2. Antenna structural support components b. Horn b.5.n (Specify). flat reflectors that reflect the signal like a mirror and are often used as passive repeaters.2.4..2. Spiral c.3 Reflector 1.4. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Includes.4. phase shifting in the transmit and receive mode for beam steering. both coupled to and received from the module’s radiating elements. section L.n (Specify). F. F.g.5.2. A feed typically consists of a horn. This element is a collection of items that route transmitted signals to the antenna feed or feed electronics. These elements provide power amplification of input signals for transmission.6 Transmit/Receive Modules.5 Waveguide/Coax/Cabling.4 Feed 1. for example: a.5. antenna positioners might move a reflector or feed to point the antenna beam in the desired direction. Locks d.2 Antenna Positioners. It also routes received signals to the first stage receiving electronics.1 Structures and Mechanisms.2.5.Downloaded from http://www. such as a high power amplifier (HPA).everyspec.2. low noise amplification of received signals. for example: a. Patch d. for example: a. Positioner mechanism and its control electronics if integral with the mechanism b.. is also included in this element. The most common reflectors are parabolic reflectors. frequency diplexers and waveguide or coaxial cable connections. Anything that cannot be separated into components F.. used for transmitting signals.2.2. coupled to a common signal source or load. to produce a directional radiation pattern. and variable gain setting for aperture weighting during reception.

Tracking. Filters d. receivers c. These elements are specific to the Payload. for example: a.1 Passive Signal Flow Control.5. Tracking..n (Specify). For a general definition.2.2 Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1. for example: a. This element is a collection of items including a wide range of RF and other analog signal processing electronics and RF plumbing within the Payload. and Command subsystem. Includes.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Power amplifiers i. Digital multiplexers/demultiplexers that are located in Data Storage Handling.2.2. Includes.4.6 Payload Signal Electronics. reference Appendix L. A multiplexer combines several input signals into one output signal containing several communication channels.Downloaded from http://www.4. for example: a. demodulators and modems that are specific to the Payload. These elements are electronic devices that send and/or receive signals to and/or from Antennas and separate them into useful analog or digital signals. Passive signal flow control b.6. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. RF switches c. for example: a.2. Multiplexers g.2.4.4 Multiplexers/Demultiplexers.6.n (Specify). Transmitters. A demultiplexer separates a single input signal that carries many channels into multiple output signals. F. see Transmitters/Receivers/ Transceivers within the Bus Telemetry.2. Multicouplers..everyspec. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload Antenna subsystem Hardware not included in WBS elements above.2.4. This subsystem is a summing element for a wide range of Payload RF and analog signal processing electronics and RF plumbing.. and Command subsystem. coaxial switches b. see TT&C Modulators and Demodulators in the Bus Telemetry. For a general definition. Demultiplexers h.2. Modulators e.g.4. Payload internal harnesses and cables f. Other similar low-value items F.6. Frequency converters j. Frequency and timing units k. These elements include modulators.3 Modulators/Demodulators/Modems 1.2.2. e.7 Antenna Other.. and Interface 121 .6. F.4.2. Transceivers d. These elements allow efficient transmission and subsequent reception of multiple signals via a single signal.4. section L. F.. Only RF and analog multiplexers and demultiplexers Excludes. Waveguides (excluding those in Antenna) e. Demodulators f. Signal conditioners NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. F. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.2. Includes.

sensors and other optical assembly equipment. Timing units F. Includes. These elements are unique analog electronic devices. eliminate noise.10 Signal Electronics Other. For a general definition. or for transmitting optical communication signals as in laser communications terminals. These elements are specific to the Payload. which may combine multiple functions identified above and therefore do not fit into a single element above and are specific to the Payload.6..n (Specify). These elements alter (e. and associated integration. and Command subsystem. Oscillators c.5 Amplifiers 1. Aft optics e.7 Optical Assembly. Alignment sensors f.2. Optical assembly structure and mechanisms b. These elements provide stable timing and frequency reference signals (RF and digital) to the other Payload electronics units.4.4. These elements are devices that change/increase the amplitude of payload signals.7.8 Multifunctional Digital Electronic Boxes ) F..2.1 Structure/Outerbarrel/Cover.2. Positioners and calibration equipment NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. compress.2.2. They are often used to place images or optical patterns on focal plane sensors for detection. Enclosing structure (including tubes/outer barrel.2.2.2.4. section L.g.. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload Signal Electronics hardware items not included in WBS elements above. see TT&C Amplifiers in the Bus Telemetry. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Excludes.2.4... for example: a. and Command subsystem.2. F.Downloaded from http://www. e.. telescopes) have optical elements that collect and focus optical energy or create optical waveforms for transmission.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. These elements receive radio signals of one frequency and output at a different frequency.6.2. Tracking. for example: a.2. These elements are specific to the Payload. Fore optics d.. Tracking. F.4.g. Frequency generators b. Optical Assemblies (e..6. reference Appendix L.2. For a general definition.4... Includes.2.2. Excludes Power Amplifiers. F.g.n (Specify). for example: a. tube doors.6 Frequency Upconverter/Downconverter 1. for example: a. For a general definition.9 Multifunctional Signal Electronic Boxes 1.2.4.4. Tracking.n (Specify). amplify) analog signals to meet the requirements of the next processing stage.n (Specify). This element includes amplifiers that are specific to the Payload.everyspec. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. This equipment supports and stabilizes optical elements.2.4. Thermal control provisions c. and interface hardware) 122 . mounting.8 Signal Conditioners 1. see Signal Conditioners within the Bus Telemetry. see Frequency Upconverters / Downconverters within the Bus Telemetry. Includes.6.. Units that contain Digital Electronics (See F.2.6... filter.4.4. and Command subsystem. F.6.n (Specify). F.7 Frequency and Timing 1.

MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F b. support tubes.. Tertiary Optics is used to change the focal point to a convenient viewing angle or location. This element is a collection of items that compensate for the effects of launch shock and vibration. optical bench (supporting entire optical assembly) Optical-assembly specific thermal control elements (including thermostats. release of gravitational stress. focal planes. This element includes primary. or constructed from small segments of mirrors. f.5 Optical Assembly Other.2 Mirrors/Optics 1.2. Includes. and associated integration. thermistors.4 Alignment and Calibration.2. age-related distortion and other changes to the optical assembly equipment alignment.7.2.e. Sun shields (which are in payload thermal control) if separable F. c. equipment shelf. mounting. and interface hardware and secondary hardware if not separable) Secondary structure (including baffles).2. mounting. F. Light gathered by the Primary Mirror is directed towards a focal point typically past the location of the secondary. infrared. Alignment positioners b. This element is a collection of items that provide additional focusing and manipulation of radiation from the tertiary optics before it enters the collection sensor. This optical bench is integral to the Aft Optics.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Thermal control and optics equipment are also included if they are integral to the sensor (i. A Secondary Mirror (or secondary) is a second light gathering and focusing surface in a Reflector telescope. and integration.2. d. for example: a. Optical benches supporting the aft optics and collection sensor are made of very thermally stable materials such as Invar or graphite epoxy composites.4. Primary Mirrors can be monolithic blocks of glass or other material.2. and other frame). Actuators c. Primary Optics (also called objective) refers to the lens in a refractive telescope.4. This WBS element excludes collection sensors that are contained in Payload Sensors.7. tertiary mirror assemblies (assembly may include associated mounts. The most common sensors detect light in various spectrums (such as ultra-violet.2. These elements are principal light-gathering surfaces of a reflective (using mirrors) and refractive (using lenses) telescopes and related instruments. positioners.. e.7. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Optical Payload Assembly hardware items not included in WBS elements above. curved to exact shapes and coated with a reflective layer. and paints) Other structures and mechanisms Excludes. F. Lasers used for alignment F. Optics dedicated to calibration h. secondary. and other sensors. visible. electromagnetic. Sensors d. temperature changes. struts. Payload sensors collect photonic.2. for example: a. and other energy and convert it into electrical signals. Mission Sensors may include enclosures.4. Calibration light sources g. Load-bearing structure (includes equipment compartment. mounts. thermal control electronics.8 Sensor.4. camera or other optical instrument that receives the first light rays from the object being observed. Internal cables f. prisms.3 Aft Optics Assembly.everyspec. filters and relay mirrors are typical aft optical elements.7. merged (by physical contact or later by optics) into one large Primary Mirror. The secondary directs the light either out a side opening of the tube (Newtonian Reflector) or back towards a focal point behind and through the Primary Mirror/Optics. calibration equipment. Integral electronics e. not separable). Optical splitters. mount pads. electronics.2.Downloaded from http://www.2. F. insulation. x-ray)..4. 123 . heaters. and interface hardware) Door actuators (includes control electronics if costs not separable). These elements are specifically designed for and dedicated to the optics assembly.n (Specify).

n (Specify).n (Specify).n (Specify). These elements measure the magnitude and/or direction of the Earth's magnetic field.2. These elements position..4. digital-to-analog conversion. Enclosures protect against mechanical loads and vibration. These elements are a collection of items that are cabinets or housings to protect the critical elements of the sensor equipment from the environment. These elements are a collection of items that compensate sensors for the effects of launch shock and vibration...3 Sensor Positioners 1. temperature change. F...8. for example: a. These elements perform front-end signal conditioning/processing. F.2.4.4.2.n (Specify).2.2. Includes. snow. the Earth’s surface and the Sun..4. telemetry feed-back. stabilize sensor temperatures. support structure.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Focal planes and optics are typically protected by enclosures... A focal plane assembly includes SCAs.4 Sensor Electronics 1. They are typically used in spectroscopic analysis to identify materials.. Enclosures that are integral to the sensors F.8.n (Specify). and other related electrical power.2. These elements detect and measure the intensity of radiation. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. Focal planes have image-sensing detectors arranged in arrays (typically rectangular) on sensor chip assemblies (SCAs). This element only includes electronics that are segregable from the sensor. age-related and other changes to sensor equipment alignment.2. signal analog-to-digital conversion.9 Camera 1. focal plane excitation.everyspec.2. Focal planes convert photonic radiation (visible.8.8. point and/or move the sensor.8.4. command execution. F.g.4.5 Alignment and Calibration 1. A dispersive spectrometer is like a prism: it scatters light of different energies to different locations.8 Radiometer 1. Light sources c.. bodies of water. Excludes Magnetometers used on the Bus for attitude control.2.8.4.. reference Appendix L.n (Specify). F.6 Magnetometer 1.2.2. Radiometers can also be applied to detectors operating any wavelength in the electromagnetic spectrum. analog and digital functions.) into electronic pixels representing the image projected on a plane.7 Spectrometer 1.Downloaded from http://www.8. One or more SCAs comprise the total focal plane complement of detectors. Lamps F..2. ice.n (Specify).4. release of gravitational stress.. RASNIKS d. These elements usually employ a sensor charge coupled device (CCD) or composite metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) charge injection device (CID) focal planes to record images.2.4..1 Enclosure 1. IR. This alignment function may be accomplished with the use of an alignment sensor and positioners..8. optical filters. e.2. This excludes those positioning elements dedicated to complete payloads. These elements measure properties of light over a specific portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.2. Excludes.2.2.2. They usually separate the light signals into different frequencies. section L. for example: a. A non-dispersive Spectrometer measures the energy directly. Radiometers can measure radiation from clouds. provide electromagnetic interference (EMI) and RF interference (RFI) shielding for electronic components and prevent contamination. F.2 Focal Plane Array 1. etc. 124 .8.n (Specify). SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. and optical assemblies.. antennas.n (Specify). Black bodies b. F.. wiring and thermal control devices such as cold fingers and thermal enclosures. F. producing a dispersive or non-dispersive spectrum.4...

Remote sensing soundings generally use passive infrared and microwave radiometers but some actively transmit a signal and use the returned signal to measure characteristics of the atmosphere.2. assembly.4. for example: a. Payload TT&C SW CSCIs that run on the bus processor is included in the Bus Flight Software WBS element. and payload control.Downloaded from http://www.4. All of the material and effort associated with the design. Excludes. Reference Appendix B for Software definitions.2.. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.8.2.11 Other Sensor Types 1.10 Payload Other.2. Software development integral to recurring payload hardware elements (Level 5 items) NOTE 1: Flight Software for performing Payload Processing is included here..12 Mission Sensor Other.2. sensor. structure. NOTE 2: For lower level software information.. for example: a. Flight Software that cannot be separated between the Bus and the Payload equipment is included within the Bus Flight Software WBS element. Electronics Systems. b. development. for example: a. e.g.4. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. payload management. and testing. reference Appendix L. The following CSCIs should be used when applicable (lower levels of these CSCIs may be used if more appropriate): Operating System and/or Boot Code. temperature..everyspec. Complex imaging payloads that are segregable into their major components (optical assembly. The payload flight software is segregated into logical products (CSCIs). F.2. These elements measure the vertical distribution of physical properties of the atmosphere such as pressure. but it is usually a more complex shell or frame structural assembly. These elements are other types of sensors not listed above.n (Specify).9 Payload Flight Software. alignment. production. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Payload system hardware or software items not included in WBS elements above and not applicable within the provided Payload subsystems.n (Specify). integration. wind speed and direction (thus deriving wind shear).. coding. etc.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.8.4. These are included in the WBS elements containing the hardware in which ASICs and FPGAs are contained. F.2. ozone concentration.8.10 Sounder 1. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Prime Mission Sensor subsystem hardware items not included in elements above. and pollution. ASIC and FPGA design. payload processing. F.4.3 Booster Adapter. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Excludes. This element is also called a payload adapter or payload attach fitting.2.4. thermal control.) F.2. The Booster Adapter provides the mechanical and electrical interface between the Launch Vehicle’s uppermost stage and the Space Vehicle. F.2. calibration. liquid water content. F. Includes. This element includes all resources associated with payload flight software functions. NOTE 3: For lower level Common Elements. It can be as simple as a snap ring device.4. section L.2. and test of the booster adapter 125 .

Reinstallation of previously installed and tested components d. Includes. Physical integration of the Launch Vehicle with the Space Vehicle c. LSI effort is primarily the engineering studies and analyses required to integrate a Space Vehicle with its Launch Vehicle and Orbital Transfer Vehicle. Shipping to the launch site F.4. shock. including any required shipping container/packing material (if the same shipping container is used during Launch Operations then the container falls within the F. Space Vehicle contractor studies. The storage period typically starts when production testing is complete and continues until the Space Vehicle is ready for shipping to the launch site. Space Vehicle contractor inputs to the Launch Vehicle provider to support the Launch Vehicle provider Launch System Integration activities g. Launch and range safety compliance. or the completion of other portions of the Space Vehicle are also included. Development and analyses of interface control documents with the Launch Vehicle to the Space Vehicle or Ground Segment e. removal. coupled dynamic loads analyses.2. allocation.4. Final space vehicle assembly and test activities of previously unassembled and/or untested portions of the Space Vehicle b.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Planning. Includes. and mission analysis. and decomposition of requirements to be placed on the Space Vehicle and Launch Vehicle. Booster adapters integral to bus structure b. Costs for storage facility use and environmental control equipment c.6 Launch Operations element Excludes. Shipping between storage and refurbishment sites. instrumentation. verification. Adapters included as part of the Launch Vehicle F. This element contains activities associated with storing Space Vehicles or portions of Space Vehicles. as required.2. thermal loads) Excludes. attachment and release devices. analysis. Trajectory analyses.Downloaded from http://www. and tests supporting the integration of the Space Vehicle with the Launch Vehicle b. Integration activities performed by the Launch Vehicle provider. induced environments analyses (acoustic.4. Booster adapters that are in the Booster Adapter WBS b. LSI effort is a coordinated activity between the Space Vehicle developer and the Launch Vehicle provider. c. for example: a. storage. The effort within this element is performed by Space Vehicle developer with support from the Launch Vehicle provider. and umbilical provisions Adapters located between space vehicles on a multi-vehicle launch that are segregable Excludes. and validation of these requirements d. f. preparation. Review. vibration.2. environmental test plans. and retesting of the Space Vehicle and/or its subsystems b. The Launch Vehicle element also contains an associated LSI element.everyspec. thermal control. for example: a. and the review. Definition. for example: a. and insure the Space Vehicle is placed into orbit. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F b. which are included in the Launch Vehicle portion of the WBS 126 . and validation of Launch Vehicle capability and compatibility with the Space Vehicle c. The costs of holding portions of the space vehicle while waiting for the use of test facilities and/or equipment.5 Launch Systems Integration (LSI). Adapter structures. verification. maintenance. This includes preparation for storage.4 Space Vehicle Storage. recovery from storage and post storage testing. movement. refurbishment. for example: a. for example: a.

deployment.2.3 Ground Operations and Processing Center (GOPC) 1. Mating the Space Vehicle to the Launch Vehicle h. setup of support equipment g.n (Specify).4. trailblazers. Final assembly. Includes. or launch site facilities.2. preparation. Booster Adapter. to a lesser degree. Engineering and maintenance support of the Space Vehicle at the launch site i. Final reports Excludes. telemetry (health and status) monitoring during launch. planning. and/or process and disseminate Bus and Payload data. Launch Systems Integration that is contained in its own Level 3 element F.Downloaded from http://www. This element encompasses the resources required for the deployment and operations of the Space Vehicle to achieve Initial Operational Capability (IOC). for example: a. Pack-up and shipment of any support equipment back from the launch site j. Shipping of the Space Vehicle to the launch site. and documentation b.7 Mission Operations Support.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. F.. This element contains all the resources associated with the Space Vehicle not included in elements above. F. These elements command the Space Vehicle.4.6 Launch Operations. commanding. Each GOPC provides one or more functions 127 . and separation. and reporting for orbital maneuvers. Includes. fueling of the Space Vehicle at the launch site f. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: The complete suite of Launch Systems Integration activities normally occurs only once with each Launch Vehicle type. Preparation of the Space Vehicle for shipment to the launch site c. for example: a.8 Space Vehicle Other.4. the Space Vehicle factory. Payload (Space Vehicle) processing facility services e. onorbit engineering tests (as required). and coordination of the hand-over to the long-term Mission Operations Team. F. including any required shipping container/packing material d. primarily at the launch base and. Other Launch Systems Integration activities may be repeated for subsequent launches due to mission changes that could impact the Launch Vehicle. and initial operations. pathfinders. test and checkout. Launch Operations are those efforts performed by the provider(s) of the Space Vehicle and Payload(s) to prepare for and support Space Vehicle launches. Orbital Transfer Vehicle..4. for example: a. but a smaller subset of these activities is repeated for each launch.everyspec. planning. primarily for Launch Vehicle trajectory and performance analyses. which includes: Orbit maneuvering Deployment Initial calibration On-orbit testing Monitoring of space vehicle health and status Fault detection Anomaly investigation and resolution Transition activity for long-term mission operations team NOTE: The Mission Operations Support period typically begins pre-launch and ends when the Space Vehicle achieves Initial Operational Capability. b. Satellite contractor effort associated with pre-launch planning and preparation to include: training. calibration. c.2. monitoring.

and other support data between functions internally within the GOPC (e. Mission Management (MM) . The I&F function also includes any hardware or software that interfaces between multiple functions.4. collection management.. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. narrowband data. This function provides the capability to prepare and output commands to. It could include the collection of tasking for multiple Space Systems. Includes. development. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F such as: command and control (CC). and test of GOPC hardware and software b. All of the resources associated with its design. command and control. Software (custom and COTS) Excludes. and infrastructure and framework (I&F). integration.g. Workstations) across functions can be collected within the Infrastructure and Framework (I&F) function. c. e. generates and encrypts commands for transmission to the spacecraft.3.. d.The Collection Management function supports the end user by generating requests for tasking and subsequently tracking the fulfillment of each request..com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.. Collection Management . engineering development network. It also can include hardware and/or software that are common to multiple functions.n) WBS structuring is to allow for separate unique GOPCs. e. tracking. from the Payload(s) on the Space Vehicle. Includes. Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) hardware c. etc.g. cross-referencing.1 Functions 1…F (Specify). a national processing center. This function may also receive and analyze processed mission data and other external information. Functions may be combined or modified based on architecture and include their own storage and archival equipment and software. Command and Control (CC) . investigation. f. production. for example: a. demultiplexes.The Mission (Payload data) Management function receives tasking.everyspec. Common acquisition of equipment (e. generates and provides the system and mission plans. decrypts and processes Mission data from the Payload(s) and may generate commands for Payload control if not included in CC function. 128 . which subsequently forwards tasking to the Mission Management function. and/or on end-user equipment. Mission Data Analysis . assembly. section L. procurement. and processes tracking data to generate space vehicle ephemeris. Further data processing may take place external to this GOPC such as: a second GOPC. GOPC buildings and other facilities. for example: a. Mission Data Processing . and decrypts space vehicle telemetry. This function includes CC for the bus and may also include CC for the payload if not included in the Mission Data Processing function. mission management (MM). which reduces the need for allocations.g. telemetry. This element provides for a functional breakout of the GOPC. These are included within Facilities NOTE 1: The intent of this (1.The Infrastructure and Framework function is responsible for the interchange or transfer of wideband data.4. reference Appendix L. b.Downloaded from http://www. the engineering development or administrative networks. or required to interface to other GOPCs (other programs) at the same Ground Site.The Mission Data Processing function decodes. demultiplexes.The Mission Data Analysis function is responsible for examination of mission data (dissection. NOTE 2: For lower level Common Elements.. mission data processing. schedules.). The I&F function can collect all the resources for that equipment/commodity. mission data analysis. F. This function is also responsible for encryption and external transmission of data from the GOPC. The appropriate functional structure should be used.The Command and Control function decodes. for example: a. custom hardware d. and other non-mission data. between the Mission Data Processing and Mission Data Analysis functions). Infrastructure and Framework (I&F) . and timelines for the Space Vehicle(s) and GOPC(s). receive and process telemetry from the Space Vehicle.

3.1.3.4. RAM disks (solid state memory) Excludes. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. This WBS element includes. High density digital recorders (HDDR) e. For further definition. F. Includes. For further definition. telemetry and mission data for processing and dissemination by other GOPC equipment. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. reference Appendix L. section L.1. and minicomputers. F.. Storage devices integral to Workstation elements F. These elements are computers often optimized for displaying and manipulating complex data such as engineering simulation.n (Specify). section L.4.everyspec. for example: a. Tape/optical libraries or juke boxes m. Hubs d.n (Specify).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 COTS Hardware. animation.. Network bridges h. for example: a.4. Modems 129 .4.Downloaded from http://www..4.1. Optical disks d. Access points f. Redundant array of independent discs (RAID) j.1. e. for example.4. e.3. Direct archiving h. F. see Workstations within the Ground Terminal Monitor and Control Hardware subsystem. Includes.1. Switches c.1 Workstations 1. Helical recorders (video-cassette tapes) g.. reference Appendix L. Magnetic tape b.2 Servers 1.. Network interface cards g. This subsystem covers all commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) hardware items required to implement the intended function(s) of the GOPC.n (Specify).4. Magnetic disks c. Gateways e. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. and mathematical plots..1. see Servers within the Ground Terminal Monitor and Control Hardware subsystem. Longitudinal recorders f.3.1. Routers b. super-computers. Storage Area Network (SAN) l. image rendering.. F.3 Storage and Archive 1. This element is a collection of items that facilitate the use of a computer network.1. Network-Attached Storage (NAS) k. These elements are computers dedicated to providing one or more services over a computer network.4 Network Equipment.. mainframes. These elements store housekeeping. Reconfigurable frame recorders (RFR) i. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.1.g.g. for example: a.3.

. ISDN adapters Firewalls and other related hardware F.. This function begins with the acceptance of the software and ends with the start of Operations 130 ..4.4. section L..1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F i. Excludes.9 Pre-Ops Maintenance 1.n (Specify). F.5 Interface Equipment.3.1. F.4. F. This function begins with the acceptance of the COTS Hardware and ends with the start of Operations.4. Reference Appendix B for Software definitions.1. These elements enable the recovery or creation of digital data from other formats (e.. serial to parallel. F. Includes the resources required to develop and produce custom ASICs or to program FPGAs (including those inserted into COTS hardware).1. e. F. assembly...1 Custom Hardware Configured Item 1.Downloaded from http://www.1. These elements contain all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of GOPC Custom Hardware subsystem equipment. procurement.3. fiber optic to RJ11) or to convert digital information into other formats for interfacing with other Ground equipment.2 Custom Hardware.3.1. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with the design. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.4. Includes.3.7 Data Processing 1.4.3 GOPC Software.4. These elements contain all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of GOPC COTS Hardware subsystem equipment.3.4.1.2 Pre-Ops Maintenance 1.everyspec.8 COTS Hardware Other.4.. reference Appendix L.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and test of GOPC custom equipment. production. Excludes.g..3. For a general definition. This element covers all custom (non-COTS) hardware items required to implement the intended function(s) of the GOPC.4. This element includes all resources associated with a GOPC software function as listed in F. and Command subsystem.n (Specify) that contains all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of GOPC software. This element includes all resources associated with a GOPC software configuration item.1.3.. Workstations and servers that perform data processing functions F.1.n (Specify)..g. These elements contain all the resources associated with unique GOPC COTS Hardware subsystem hardware not included in elements above. These elements encrypt and/or decrypt data.4.6 Security Encryption/Decryption 1.. Pre-Ops Maintenance 1. j.1.3. These elements are COTS equipment that perform specialized data processing functions. RF to digital. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.n (Specify). Tracking. F.n (Specify).n (Specify). for example: a. see Communications Security (COMSEC / Encryption and Decryption devices) within the Bus Telemetry. development.3. Note that the resources required to develop and produce custom ASICs or to program an included FPGA is under Custom Hardware below.. for example: a. typically using ASIC or FPGA technologies. These elements are custom hardware devices that perform unique or specific GOPC functions.2.3. for example: a.1.2.1. This function begins with the acceptance of the Custom Hardware and ends with the start of Operations.1.1. Network equipment (including Modems) F..1 Functions.

Includes. These are included in the WBS elements containing the hardware in which ASICs and FPGAs are contained.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Apertures 131 .4 Pre-Operations Mission Support. command. RF electronics d. Fault detection d. This element includes all the resources required for the operation of the GOPC prior to turn-over.4.4. for example: a. Includes.everyspec.4. Mechanisms e. e. (The Mission Support period typically begins after installation and a specified time prior to launch and ends when the Space Vehicle achieves initial operational capability.Downloaded from http://www. These are included within facilities above. Monitor and control hardware g. and site activation of the Ground Terminal (GT) b. development. These elements receive. coding.. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. tracking. Pedestals b. Baseband/network equipment f. Software development integral to recurring GOPC hardware elements (Level 5 items) NOTE 1: For lower level software information. production. procurement. accepts tracking and command signals. b.) F.4. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. this subsystem generates the radio frequency (RF) uplink. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a.g. F. demodulate. Other structures d.4 Ground Terminal/Gateway (GT) 1. NOTE 2: For lower level Common Elements. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. F..1 Antenna 1.. Resources associated with the design. Routine monitoring of Space Vehicle equipment health and status c. Timing subsystem equipment e. e. test. and condition telemetry. and modulates them onto the RF uplink.1. section L. These elements transmit and/or receive RF signals that carry TT&C and/or mission data.4. assembly. In addition. Electronics Systems.n (Specify). and mission (Payload) data. for example: a. section L. Anomaly investigation and resolution. On-orbit testing b.. Includes. reference Appendix L. for example: a..g.4. Ground terminal buildings and other facilities. Ground terminal software Excludes. Antenna c.. and testing. Radomes c. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Excludes. ASIC and FPGA design.n (Specify). reference Appendix L.3.

MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F f.everyspec. Other signal and power routing.1. F. Positioners g.1. F. Includes. planar.4. etc.1 Pedestal. Parts integral to the Pedestal (e..1. Gimbals c.6 Waveguide/Coax/Cabling.1. or pallets that house Antenna related electronics. etc.g. geodesic. These elements receive and/or transmit signals. g. for example: a. pointing gimbals) F. F. This element is a collection of items that include equipment compartments.4 Aperture.) using various materials (fiberglass. polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) coated fabric. A feed may consist of a horn.4. This collection of items routes transmitted signals to the antenna feed or feed electronics. rain.4. An Optical Communication Assembly (e. etc.2 Optical Communication Assembly 1. ice.4. Structure b. is also included in this element.g. The material used in building the Radome allows for unattenuated electromagnetic signals.).g.n (Specify).1. ultraviolet (UV) light. F. Feed refers to the components functionally between a reflector and an amplifier. F.5 Feed 1. Optical assembly structure and mechanisms b. Alignment sensors f.4. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Feeds Waveguides/coax/cabling NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. Excludes. racks. It is used for transmitting and receiving optical communication signals as in laser communications terminals. for example: a. such as to the Pedestal.1. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Ground Antenna subsystem hardware items not included in elements above. F.1.. It also may serve as a housing or enclosure for other Antenna equipment. a polarizer.. This element determines the aperture (effective area of radiation/energy absorption/generation) of the Antenna.Downloaded from http://www. spiral element or a set of dipoles. an orthomode transducer. Fore optics d.4. Includes..4. Thermal control provisions c. Calibration equipment 132 .4.4. This element is the structure that supports and positions the Antenna Aperture in both azimuth and elevation.4.. Support F..2 Radome. This element protects the Antenna from weather hazards (e.n (Specify).4. It also routes received signals to the first stage receiving electronics.4. section L. for example: a.3 Other Structure and Mechanisms.4.4. sand.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. reference Appendix L.g.). This can be as simple as a reflector or a complex phased-array. telescope) has optical elements that collect and focus optical energy or that create optical waveforms for transmission. wind.. Radomes can be constructed in several shapes (spherical. e.4.7 Antenna Other. Aft optics e.4.. and other structural or mechanical elements not integral to the other Antenna equipment.4. a frequency diplexer and a waveguide or coaxial cable connection. In most cases a parabolic reflector with an associated Feed (see below) is used.

n (Specify). Door actuators (includes control electronics if costs not separable) e. struts. Includes. heaters.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.4. Primary Mirrors can be monolithic blocks of glass or other material. reference Appendix L. Enclosing structure (including tubes/outer barrel.2. Includes. Calibration light sources g. Optical-assembly specific thermal control elements (including thermostats. and associated integration. for example: a.g. Lasers used for alignment 133 . age-related distortion and other changes to the optical assembly equipment alignment. mounting. e.. filters and relay mirrors are typical aft optical elements.4. This collection of items provides additional focusing and manipulation of radiation from the tertiary optics before it enters the collection sensor. for example: a. Integral electronics e. and other frame) F. F. Includes.everyspec. Alignment positioners b. and interface hardware and secondary hardware if not separable) c. Primary. The secondary directs the light either out a side opening of the tube (Newtonian Reflector) or back towards a focal point behind and through the Primary Mirror/Optics. equipment shelf. F.3 Aft Optics and Bench.4. These elements are specifically designed for and dedicated to the optics assembly.4. A Secondary Mirror (or secondary) is a second light gathering and focusing surface in a Reflector telescope. Secondary structure (including baffles). This collection of items compensates for the effects of vibration. Actuators c. and paints) f. secondary. shutters. thermal control electronics.4. prisms. and associated integration. 4. support tubes. curved to exact shapes and coated with a reflective layer. for example: a.. mounting. and interface hardware) b. insulation. These elements are principal light-gathering surfaces of a reflective (using mirrors) and refractive (using lenses) telescopes and related instruments.1 Structure/Outerbarrel/Cover. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. Optical benches usually support the aft optics and collection sensor and are made of very thermally stable materials such as Invar or graphite epoxy composites. mount pads. Internal cables f. tube doors. tertiary mirror assemblies (assembly may include associated mounts. Optical splitters. Tertiary Optics are used to change the focal point to a convenient viewing angle or location. sensors and other optical assembly equipment.2.4.4 Alignment Sensors/Calibration. This optical bench is integral to the Aft Optics.Downloaded from http://www. temperature changes.2 Mirror/Optics 1. and integration. This equipment supports and stabilizes optical elements. mounts. Light gathered by the Primary Mirror is directed towards a focal point typically past the location of the secondary. Sensors d. Other structures and mechanisms F. or constructed from small segments of mirrors. thermistors.4. section L.. merged (by physical contact or later by optics) into one large Primary Mirror. Optics dedicated to calibration h.4. Load-bearing structure (includes equipment compartment. Primary Optics (also called objective) refers to the lens in a refractive telescope. mounting.2. and interface hardware) d. or other optical instrument that receives the first light rays from the object being observed.2.

This element includes only RF and analog multiplexers and demultiplexers. Filters e. Demultiplexers h. Transmitters. solid state power amplifiers (SSPAs). Modulators e. and Command subsystem. traveling wave tube amplifiers (TWTAs).n (Specify). F. 4.n (Specify). Waveguides (excluding those in antenna) f.3. Demodulators perform the inverse of modulators.4. Includes. which perform both operations.3. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Optical Communication Assembly hardware items not included in WBS elements above. separating digital information from carrier signals.3.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. These elements are electronic devices that send and/or receive signals to and/or from Antennas and separate them into useful analog or digital signals.. For a general definition. Includes.. Other similar low-value items F. for example: a. Focal-plane arrays for optical communications NOTE 1: For lower level Common Elements. for example: a. receivers c..4.. Multiplexers g.4. Modulators modify the amplitude and phase the frequency of sinusoidal ―carrier‖ signals to include information in the resultant (modulated) output signal. RF switches d. These elements allow efficient transmission and subsequent reception of multiple signals via a single signal. see Transmitters/Receivers/ Transceivers within the Bus Telemetry. for example.4.5 Power Amplifiers 1…n (Specify). This collection of items includes a wide range of RF and other analog signal processing electronics and RF plumbing within the Ground Terminal. A multiplexer combines several input signals into one output signal containing several communication channels.n (Specify). The input signals to Modulators are usually digital signal streams.4.4.4.3 Modulators/Demodulators/Modems 1. Passive signal flow control b. Transceivers d. and low noise amplifiers (LNAs). SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. e.everyspec.. Frequency converters j.2 Transmitter/Receiver/Transceiver/Transponder 1.4. Signal conditioners k. Includes.4. F. Ground terminal interconnecting harnesses and cables g. A demultiplexer separates a single input signal that carries many channels into multiple output signals. These elements are a summing element for a wide range of Ground Terminal RF and analog signal processing electronics and RF plumbing.4.2. F.4. Coaxial switches c.1 Passive Signal Flow Control.. 134 . Power amplifiers i. F.. are also included in this element. Multicouplers b.5 Optical Assembly Other. reference Appendix L. and optical power amplifiers. Tracking.g. Modems.4 Multiplexers/Demultiplexers 1.n (Specify). section L.3.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.3 RF Electronics Band 1.Downloaded from http://www.3..4. F. Demodulators f. These elements are devices that change/increase the amplitude of signals.4..

n (Specify). 135 . F. while in some systems the signals could be WWV (HF-band) or other source. IR.4.4.4. Timing units F. F.. Tracking. These elements are RF electronic devices that may combine multiple functions identified above and therefore do not fit into a single element above.5 Timing Other.4.4..3. support structure. F.4.4. F.4. wiring and thermal control devices such as cold fingers and thermal enclosures. and subsequently interfaces with the Terrestrial Communications element..4. amplify) analog signals to meet the requirements of the next processing stage. One or more SCAs comprise the total focal plane complement of detectors.3..10 RF Electronics Other.7 Signal Conditioners.. This element calculates position by using timing signals sent by the constellation of GPS satellites (or other timing sources). converts it to the proper RF signal interfacing with the RF electronics. A focal plane assembly includes SCAs.4.Downloaded from http://www.. These elements increase the frequency signal received from the Antenna and optionally distributes the frequency to several receivers. for example: a.g.) into electronic pixels representing the image projected on a plane.4 Timing.4. Excludes Power Amplifiers. These elements provide stable timing and frequency reference signals (RF and digital) to the other electronics elements. filter. e.4. F. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. eliminate noise.n (Specify). Includes. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Ground Terminal RF Electronics subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above. Frequency generators b.g.9 Focal Plane Array 1. The subsystem generates and distributes accurate and stable timing and frequency references.4. for example: a. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Timing subsystem hardware items not included in WBS elements above. For a general definition. 4. compress. see Frequency Upconverters / Downconverters within the Bus Telemetry. These elements alter (e.4. Oscillators c.3. reference Appendix L.4....4.4.4 Amplifier and Distribution 1.3 Frequency and Timing Generators.n (Specify). optical filters.4.4.4. It also receives digital (or baseband signal) information from the Terrestrial Communication element. F.4. Includes. F.4.4.5 Baseband-Network. F. Tracking.4.n (Specify). etc.everyspec. Focal planes have image sensing detectors arranged in arrays (typically rectangular) on sensor chip assemblies (SCAs). and Command subsystem. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F.3.6 Frequency Upconverter/Downconverter 1. section L.1 Receiver.2 Antenna 1. For a general definition.4. Any cabling between antennas and receivers F. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. These elements receive RF signals for the Receiver. This element receives RF signals from the RF Electronics subsystem..4. Most current systems use GPS (L-band)..8 Signal Electronic Boxes 1. see Signal Conditioners within the Bus Telemetry.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.. These elements receive radio signals of one frequency and output at a different frequency.4.4.n (Specify). converts them into a digital (or baseband signal) format.3. Focal planes convert photonic radiation (visible. F. and Command subsystem.

F. In addition. reference Appendix L. These elements are electronic devices that may combine multiple functions identified above and therefore do not fit into a single element above. see Communications Security (COMSEC / Encryption and Decryption devices) within the Bus Telemetry. e.6.6 Baseband-Network Other. These elements are computers often optimized for displaying and manipulating complex data such as engineering simulation. etc.5.4. Application servers 136 .4..3 Modems.g.4. F. cables.4.g.. power.4. F. for example.4.. mice. frequency) the station for communications to the Space Vehicle (for a satellite pass) and monitors (usually autonomous) other Ground Terminal subsystem equipment. section L. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. This element configures (e.2 Network Interface and Other Hardware.5.4.n (Specify).. e. health status and commanding of the Space Vehicle as a back-up to GOPC(s).n (Specify).1 Workstations 1.. These elements are intended for use by one person at a time and are commonly connected to each other through a local area network via a Server.5. Includes. Workstations b.4. These elements are computers dedicated to providing processing services over a computer network.4.n (Specify). This element contains all the resources associated with unique Ground Terminal Baseband-Network subsystem hardware or software items not included in WBS elements above. For a general definition. These elements convert digital information into the baseband RF signal or the baseband signal into digital format. networking hardware. F.4.4. section L.4.g. depending on the direction of information flow.4. F. Includes. for example: a. which are computer programs designed to handle multiple concurrent requests. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.4. and Command subsystem. cables and software bought as part of the workstation F.4. These elements interconnect... These services are furnished by specialized server applications.everyspec. These elements may also interface with the network or communications hardware within a GOPC(s) or the External Network. Keyboards. Tracking. racks. animation.4.Downloaded from http://www. Desktop and laptop computers c.4.. These elements encrypt and/or decrypt Ground data. reference Appendix L. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.6.5 Baseband-Network Electronic Boxes 1.5. Includes.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.6 Monitor and Control Hardware.. F.5.4 Security/Encryption and Decryption Devices 1. it can provide monitoring..n (Specify). They can support multiple displays. antenna position.1 Switches/Hubs and Routers. F.2 Servers 1.4.5. and can house other Baseband-Network equipment. F. image rendering.. and mathematical plots.4. Displays (monitors) d. These elements provide junctions for digital equipment and route and forward the information to other electronic equipment. interface. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. for example: a.4.

reference Appendix L. for example: a.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. reference Appendix L. These elements include all the resources required for each pointto-point leased circuit. (The Mission Support period typically begins after installation and a specified time prior to launch and ends when the Space Vehicle achieves initial operational capability.4.. Includes.. External communication refers to hardware (equipment. procure.1. F.4. b. lease. These are included in the WBS elements containing the hardware in which ASICs and FPGAs are contained.4. F. ASIC and FPGA design.everyspec.3 Hardware Configured Item 1. This element contains all the resources associated to design.8 Pre-Operations Maintenance 1.5..4.4. section L.2 Purchased Circuits.4. routine monitoring of Space Vehicle equipment health and status b. for example: a. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Includes. Workstations and servers F.n (Specify). This element is associated with the leased transmission circuits. lines or circuits) and software effort required for a system that moves data along external communication paths between required points. These elements contain all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance (hardware repair and software updates) of Ground Terminal equipment and software.4.. This function begins with the acceptance of the Ground Terminal element and ends with the start of Operations. Monitor and Control functions.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. produce. electronic.4.4. Fault detection c. e. and testing. This element is associated with the purchased transmission circuits.n (Specify). Software development integral to recurring GT hardware units (Level 4 items) NOTE 1: For lower level software information.9 Pre-Operations Mission Support... for example: a. undersea. F.. Excludes.g.5. coding. SEIT/PM). NOTE 2: For lower level Common Elements (e. On-orbit testing. Electronic Systems. section L. develop.1 Leased Circuits.4. optical. or space NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.g. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Excludes. This element includes all resources associated with GT software functions. for example: a. F.) F. assemble. Anomaly investigation and resolution.5 External Network (T-COMM). or other methods and can be via terrestrial. Leased and owned transmissions methods transmitted through analog.Downloaded from http://www.4. F. digital. Leased Circuit 1. These elements are hardware devices that perform unique or specific Ground Terminal.1. and test external communication.6.7 GT Software.n (Specify).5.. 137 .4.4. This element includes all the resources required for the operation of the Ground Terminal prior to turn-over.

F.4.g..n (Specify).4.n (Specify). and Mission Support NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. for example: a..1 Equipment 1. All of the resources associated with the design. Includes.. Fencing.1.. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. For lower level Common Elements. Utilities and subsystem other related costs needed to house.6.5. These elements encompasses all the physical infrastructure required to access. F. F. Roads.2. This element (hardware/software) pertains to end-user equipment purchased or built as part of the Space System acquisition.2.4.6. development.2 Equipment Software (Specify).. These elements contain all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of Purchased Circuit equipment. and hand-held GPS receivers. Walls. e.1. This function begins with the acceptance of the User Equipment and ends with the start of Operations.4. F.1 Site Preparation. reference Appendix L. Pads. satellite modems. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.2 Pre-Ops Maintenance 1. satellite phones. F. and External network equipment and personnel.1 Purchased Circuit 1.6.4..6.1 Hardware Configured Item 1. e.. Buildings..4. section L. service and operate a Space System Ground site(s). landscaping. GOPC. This subsystem includes the Grading (Land Preparation). Electronics Systems.4. house and support Ground Terminal.n (Specify). use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.. reference Appendix L.everyspec. section L.5. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. F.6 User Equipment. User equipment includes. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.4. construction. integration..2 Pre-Ops Maintenance 1.. 138 . Equipment and Building Fit Out. These elements include all the resources required for each point-to-point purchased circuit.4. F.4. This function begins with the acceptance of the circuit and ends with the start of Operations.7 Facilities 1. and fitting of the Facilities WBS entities b.7. field terminals (mobile or fixed).n (Specify). Facilities subsystems: Site Preparation.4.4. These elements are the unique configurationcontrolled portions or sub-units whose totality composes a completed piece of User Equipment. This element includes all resources associated with a single user equipment software configuration item.n (Specify). F.g.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. e. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. reference Appendix L. for example. NOTE: For lower level software information. Landscape... These elements are a collection of items for a complete delivered unit of unique User Equipment..Downloaded from http://www. These elements contain all the resources related to the preoperations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of User Equipment. PreOps Maintenance.g. section L..n (Specify).

This element contains all the resources associated with unique Site Preparations subsystem resource items not included in WBS elements above. Deeper foundations are used to transfer a load from a structure through an upper weak layer of soil to a stronger deeper layer of soil.3 Buildings 1. shrubs. It excludes specialized flooring for computers and other equipment.4.4 Equipment and Building Fit Out 1.) up to Ground Buildings or to other structures and comprises the effort and resources for the installation of the utility infrastructure (electrical cables. caissons. and other structures or equipment.1. telescopes. pipes.3 Buildings Other. This element provides for a flat stable base for antennas.7.. gravel.7. F. These items retain earth.everyspec.1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.7. gas. water.).n (Specify). reference Appendix L.4.1. F.4. framing. Includes.2 Landscape.n (Specify). Includes.1. This element provides access to the Ground Segment buildings and equipment and encompasses all the effort and resources for road construction including excavation. for example: a.4. or grass. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.3.3. compacting.1 Foundation and Sub Structure. altering the contours of the ground. It includes. This element contains all the resources associated with unique Building subsystem resource items not included in the WBS elements above. construction.3 Pads. exterior and interior wall finishing.. F.5 Utilities.7.1. and earth stabilized columns d.4. piers.1 Graded Land.4. Basements and fallout shelters F.2 Superstructure and Finishing..1. This element provides protection from the elements (wind.) and partitioning for equipment and personnel. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. etc.3. Drilled shafts. F. Impact driven piles c. trimming. or other aesthetic material or objects F. F.g.. These items permanently support and shelter Ground equipment and occupancy use.4. roofing.7. floors. Helical piles b.7. This element transfers the weight of Buildings into the ground strata or earth. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. for example. and can restrict vision and or passage to Ground equipment.7.4. This element delivers utility services (electricity. A common type of shallow foundation is a slab-on-grade foundation where the weight of the building is transferred to the soil through a concrete slab placed at the surface.Downloaded from http://www.6 Site Preparation Other. These elements adapt equipment and buildings for suitability to accomplish their designed purposes.4. removal of material. or the base course for Roads or railways.7. and other Ground facilities.7.4. F.. F. Trees. for example: a. walls. This item comprises the acquisition and the effort (land preparation) and resources necessary for ensuring a level (or possibly sloped to specific degree) base for a construction work such as: Pads or other foundations.4. e. sun.7.4. F. rain. This collection of items improves the appearance of the ground segment. etc. for example: 139 . transformers. etc.4 Retaining Walls / Fencing. housing. Includes. filling.7. section L.7.2 Roads. Pads are usually composed of concrete.). F. etc. and finishing (paving.4.

and other support hardware required for the installation and operation of the units Excludes. toilets. section L. Individual room heaters and air conditioners.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a. Appliances are usually operated electrically. c. generators Computer flooring.7. Tiles b. and air conditioning (HVAC) Power conditioning/ uninterrupted power supply (UPS) Network wiring/cable trays. reference Appendix L. This element performs various simple or narrow functions. This includes equipment related to the heating.4.4. Elements and related hardware external to and leading up to Buildings.7. Includes. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. Generators are often employed for ―back-up‖ electrical power generation for Ground equipment during extended periods when the normal electrical supply is interrupted. and stations with a high requirement for servicing/change-out.g. venting. d. This element provides a means of routing interconnecting cables and wires and often the cooled air required by computing and related electrical equipment.7. Power conditioning units and Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS) themselves. e.4. A computer floor is a raised floor in offices. These elements provide stable electrical power within a Ground Terminal or Station. Framing c. Refrigerators and freezers c. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F a. for example: a.7. etc. e. A cable tray system is a unit or assembly of units or sections (including associated fittings) that form a rigid structural system used to securely fasten or support cables and wiring. generally using electromagnetic induction. Structural support F.6 Appliances. and air conditioning (HVAC) needed to accommodate facilities and equipment at a Space System Ground site. Motor generators (included within Generators) F. Lamps and other lighting b.4 Generators.4. venting.7.4.4.. appliances Furniture and subsystem other items needed to build. labs. b. sinks.Downloaded from http://www.7.2 Power Conditioning/Uninterruptible Power Supplies (UPS).4. These elements maintain desired air temperatures and flow for comfort. This includes motor generators. These elements generate electrical energy. and proper operating environments. cabling. 140 .4. Includes. F. as well as the building modifications. F. Heating. for example: a. This collection of items holds up and distributes cables and wiring.5 Computer Flooring. such as providing light.4. service and operate the Space System Ground Segment NOTE: For lower level Common Elements.4. Includes. This element includes raceways. safety.3 Network Wiring/Cable Trays. F.1 Heating Venting and Air Conditioning (HVAC). F.4. which is included under Utilities within Site Preparation b.4.4. for example: a.everyspec.

and shells F.8. F.9 Insurance. Chairs.4.7 Furniture.n (Specify). for example: a. 141 . provide storage.1.4. for example: a. These items include all the resources required for each unique vehicle. Shelters.7.Downloaded from http://www. Includes. This collection of items supports the human body.4.8. Trucks and humvees F. desks. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements...g. These items include all the resources required for each unique shelter. The summing element is for items that protect and house transportable GOPC and Ground Terminal equipment. for example: a.n (Specify).1 Vehicles.7. for example: a. F.g. e.1 Vehicle 1.2.8 Vehicles and Shelters.4. This element includes the resources pertaining to the acquisition and settlement of Insurance coverage for the entirety or portions of the Space System.) and ends with the start of Operations. or hold objects.n (Specify).. This function begins with the completion and initial functioning of the items (buildings.8. F. Telecommunications equipment and computer and network appliances such as servers and back-up units F.. tables. reference Appendix L.8.. Includes.4. The summing element is for powered vehicles used for transportable GOPCs and Terminals. roads.8. trailers.4. and shelves F.. section L. e. These elements contain all the resources related to the preoperations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of the specified type of Vehicles and Shelters.4.. aluminum skins and a framework of high strength aluminum alloy extrusions. These elements provide the ability for GOPCs and terminals to be transportable.4. reference Appendix L.1 Shelter 1.8 Equipment and Building Fit Out Other. F.4. books.4.7.4. These subsystems contain all the resources related to the pre-operations (Pre-Ops) maintenance of the building(s) and other Facilities.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F Excludes. F.. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment.n (Specify).. This function begins with acceptance of the Vehicles and Shelters and ends with the start of Operations. cabinets.everyspec.5 Pre-Operations Maintenance 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. Storage furniture is used to hold or contain smaller objects such as tools. and other goods. section L. A shelter is usually made of foam-and-beam sandwich panels that consist of a polyurethane foam core.4. etc. small equipment.3 Pre-Ops Maintenance 1.2 Shelters.4. Includes. NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. F. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with unique Equipment and Building Fit Out subsystem items not included in WBS elements above.

2 Insurance Settlements.g. c. 142 . and checkout of complete units (i.g. production. and to track and measure Launch Vehicle performance during the ascent phase. This WBS element is intended for Launch Vehicle(s) that boost unmanned satellites into earth orbits. second configuration is Launch Vehicle 2. first configuration is Launch Vehicle 1. Insurance contracts or policies provide a means of controlling the cost impact of loss and/or damage to portions or all of the Space System. List each unique configuration as a separate Launch Vehicle using sequential indices for each configuration.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.. and production. and transport the Launch Vehicle and associated Ground equipment. development. Design. Payload Assist Module (PAM).4.n (Specify). e. it should be captured within this element or the OTV element. assembly. F. Includes. Inertial Upper Stage (IUS) b. for example: a.. it should be captured within this element or the Launch Vehicle element. as well as commercial-like launch services. These items are the securities delivered (usually a credit payment) that satisfy the contractual obligations of the Insurance Policies above (e. This element is a single propulsion upper-stage that thrusts the Space Vehicle into a new orbit. test. It contains all of the resources associated with the design. to mate the Space Vehicle to the Launch Vehicle. These elements are for all the resource required to fulfill an individual Task Order. and Centaur These elements are separate from the Space and Launch Vehicles. assembly.1 Insurance Policy.11 Orbital Transfer Vehicle (OTV).10 Task Orders. use the structure and definitions in Appendix J.. a low earth orbit to a medium or high earth orbit. These elements are a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of loss.10. Payload fairings NOTE: For lower level information. If the Booster Adapter is not captured under the Space Vehicle element.e. integration. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX F F. to perform integrated system test and checkout.9. development. for example. These items are miscellaneous services and products procured during the Space System acquisition under separate Task Order Contract Line Items (CLINS). integration. store.1 Task Order 1. etc.9.. and test to include verification testing of each Launch Vehicle as required.. to stack and assemble the Launch Vehicle. F. On-orbit life insurance c. for example: a. for example: a. This element also includes the Launch Vehicle contractors’ efforts to receive. They can be solid or liquid propulsion systems. Launch insurance b. Launch Vehicle if required. A complete Launch Vehicle in a multiple or dissimilar Launch Vehicle configuration.4.n (Specify). Transfer Orbit Stage (TOS) c. an insurance payment to cover damage to Space Vehicle components due to a fire). regardless of end use) b. Includes.12 Launch Vehicle 1.everyspec..Downloaded from http://www.4. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specification.4. If the Booster Adapter is not captured under the Space Vehicle element. General liability coverage F. Includes. F. the prototype or operationally configured units.. F.4.

WBS elements common to all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for the surface vehicle systems definitions.asp ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS G. NY. NJ 08854-4141 www.org 143 .org/ansidocstore/default.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G APPENDIX G: SURFACE VEHICLE SYSTEMS WORKBREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS G.ansi.12-1990(R2002). Inc.everyspec. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.2.1 Non-Government publications. G.ieee. 4th Floor New York. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway.Downloaded from http://www. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

13 1. Test and Checkout Ground Control Systems Command and Control Subsystem Remote Control System Software Release 1…n Other Remote Control System 1…n (Specify) Secondary Vehicle System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly.7.3 1. Assembly.1.4 1.3 1.8 1.5 1.2 1.1.1. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support 144 .4 1.4 1.2 1.8.1.4 1.1.11 1.10.2 1.10 1.15 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.9.1 1.8 1.6.0 1.1 1.1 1.6 1.1 1.1.5 1.3 1.8.10.1.6 1.2.7 1.8.1.1.16 1.1.14 1.2 1.1 1.11.1 1.Downloaded from http://www.2.2 1.2.1 1.1 1.6.7.5 1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G G.9 1.11.1.5 1.4 1.9.1.6.2 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Surface Vehicle System Primary Vehicle Primary Vehicle Integration.3 1.1 1.2.10 1. Assembly.6.1. Test and Checkout Hull/Frame/Body/Cab System Survivability Turret Assembly Suspension/Steering Vehicle Electronics Power Package/Drive Train Auxiliary Automotive Fire Control Armament Automatic Ammunition Handling Navigation and Remote Piloting Special Equipment Communications Primary Vehicle Software Release 1…n Other Vehicle Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Remote Control System (UGV specific) Remote Control System Integration.3 1.7 1.6.2 1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.11 1.12 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.everyspec.9 1.2.5 1.7.1.8.1.8.1.

12 1. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . Systems Engineering. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. However.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS.transmitter. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. For example. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G 1.12. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element. 4) In some cases. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. 2) In each of the appendices. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem.13 Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts G. for example. or high technical interest. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. Assembly.3 1. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility.3. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented 145 .11. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. These "other" elements would be used if.e. Program Management.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 1. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. Integration. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level.4 1. even after contract award. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. G. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure).2 1. depending on how software is developed..5 1. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C.12. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. but only for those elements. and receiver. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L).. WBS elements that are common (i. Therefore. Under normal circumstances. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. In addition. System Test and Evaluation.11. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. high risk. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter.e. antenna.everyspec. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. For those elements. Test and Checkout. threat. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support. it should be included within that element. For example. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5.11.3 1.12. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. This is called the 100% rule. and performance.Downloaded from http://www. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C.3. For example. schedule. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. Training.

regardless of end use) 146 . prototype or operationally configured units. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. development. Includes.3. data.g.4.2 Primary Vehicle.Downloaded from http://www. Manned and unmanned cargo and logistics vehicles.2. Combat vehicles serving as armored weapons platforms. Includes. for example: a. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix.4. The numbering system is numeric. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. The complex of vehicle electronics equipment. however. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems.1. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖).. In each appendix.1. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. and amphibians G. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. (reference Family of Systems description in Guidance. mobile work units.3 Numbering of the WBS. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification.2. 1.1. services.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions.2.1. The mobile element of the system embodying means for performing operational missions that exists on its own. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. for example: a.4 DEFINITIONS G. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.2 for applications of the WBS when variants/family of vehicles exists). Means of propulsion and structure for adaptation of mission equipment or accommodations for disposable loads b. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies.3. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example.1 Surface Vehicle System. 1.3. reconnaissance vehicles. Where this structure occurs.everyspec. Design. G.1. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G WBS. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix.2.3. and facilities required to develop and produce a vehicle system with the capability to navigate over the surface. and combat vehicles b. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible.3. 1. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used.2. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. G.e. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). the parent WBS (e. Surface vehicle categories include vehicles primarily intended for general purpose applications and those intended for mating with specialized payloads.3. G. trucks. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. and production of complete units (i. and so forth. For example. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor G.1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. 1.. paragraph 3.

structures. Accommodations for personnel. weapons.3 System Survivability.2. truck body. for example: a. Improvised explosive device (IED) countermeasure subsystems g. attachment approaches for external armor. i. Simple wheeled vehicle frame or combat vehicle hull that satisfies the structural requirements including armor integral to the frame b. and grilles d. Towing and lifting fittings. Radiological shielding for hull and turret. for example: a. Signature management hardware associated with reducing system susceptibility and vulnerability f. The equipment required to maximize the survivability of the crew and the system. for example: a. biological. Non-integral armor (turret) b. Survivability systems control hardware. liners. assembly. and such subsystems as need to be placed in proximity to operators Excludes. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. 147 .2 Hull/Frame/Body/Cab. special equipment loads e. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.4. Chemical. G. cargo. turret. Ballistic crew seats for crew protection during ballistic events j. Anti-tamper systems NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. G. Active protection systems and defensive aids for both short and long range threats d. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. development.4. hatches.everyspec. Sensor subsystems. test. Fire detection and suppression h.2. Provision to accommodate other subsystems such as mountings for suspension. Non-integral armor (hull/frame/body/cab) c. non-integral armor and radiological shielding (included in survivability element) NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.1 Primary Vehicle Integration Assembly Test and Checkout.4. and behind armor debris shielding e. This includes supplemental ballistic protection. and production of mating surfaces. materials. assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. This includes electronics.Downloaded from http://www. bumpers. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G G. and software required to assemble and test the vehicle subsystem parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. and miscellaneous equipment that have functionality in more than one survivability WBS element. Structural subassemblies and appendages that attach directly to the primary structure c.2. and (if applicable) the major component to be mated to a chassis to provide a complete vehicle having a defined mission capability (Body/Cab). Combat identification systems m. which provides the structural integrity to withstand the operational loading stresses generated while traversing various terrain profiles (Hull/Frame). equipment. radiological and nuclear l. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. sensors. Includes. The vehicle's primary load bearing component. Includes. cab. test. parts. threat warning systems and hostile weapon fire detection sensor subsystems k.

Accommodations for personnel. and steering forces generally at or near the earth's surface and adapting the vehicle to the irregularities of the surface. Computers and other devices for command and control b.integral armor and radiological shielding (included in survivability element) NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. test.4. for example: a.2.Downloaded from http://www. G. The means for generating tractive efforts. for example: a. and command and control d. for example: a. The structure. lift. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded.5 Suspension/Steering. shock absorbers. and steering gears for traction and control functions b.6 Vehicle Electronics. assembly. Power distribution and management e. Hardware and software directly associated with other WBS elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and other suspension members NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.4.4. brakes. Wheels. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Drive motors e. slip rings b. tracks. Controls and displays d. test. Includes.2. including armor integral to the turret and equipment installations required to provide the fighting compartment element of combatant vehicles. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G G. skirts.2.2. Health management systems Excludes.4 Turret Assembly. for example: a. Attachments and appendages such as hatches and cupolas c. G. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. weapons. Includes. Electronic Systems. Includes. Rudder thrust devices and trim vanes for amphibians c. All electronic subsystems and components (hardware/software).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a. assembly. Turret rings.everyspec. thrust.4. G. assembly. Data control and distribution c. Springs. test and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. The means for generating and delivering power. Turret drive stabilization system Excludes. Non. 148 .7 Power Package/Drive Train. distributed throughout the vehicle not directly attributable to other WBS Level 3 elements.

Includes.8 Auxiliary Automotive. Fire detection and suppression system and controls associated with Survivability G. for example: a. G. Other offensive weapon systems Excludes. Winch and power take-off.4. and power takeoffs d.2. Main gun and secondary guns b. for example: a. Hybrid electric drive systems f. shafting assemblies. Crew accommodations (when otherwise not provided for) d.everyspec. assembly. G. The equipment (hardware and software) for vehicles to deliver fire on targets. Fire control systems 149 . Missile launchers c.2. Includes. On-board diagnostics/prognostics system not included in other subsystems b. transmission.Downloaded from http://www. Engine b. differentials. Power transport components as clutches. Controls and displays c.4. for example: a. Range finders. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. tools and on-vehicle equipment c. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.4. controls and instrumentation. Lighting systems Excludes. and cooling means c. which provides intelligence necessary for weapons delivery such as launching and firing. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. test and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. Includes.10 Armament. assembly. Brakes and steering when integral to power transmission rather than in the suspension/steering element e. torque converters. computers. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G Includes. Radars and other sensors necessary for search. Raw power generators NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Non-lethal weapons d. test. The equipment (hardware and software) installed in the vehicle. gun drivesand stabilization systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Engine-mounted auxiliaries such as air ducting and manifolds. Hardware and software subsystems that provide services to all of the primary vehicle subsystems (as distinguished from the mission equipment subsystems). final drivers.2. Electronic Systems. Energy storage systems g. for example: a. Sights or scopes d. computer programs. Electrical subsystems and components that are now included in the vetronics WBS element b.9 Fire Control. for example: a. exhaust systems. recognition and/or tracking b.

NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. multiple sensor-fusion algorithms and processors.11 Automatic Ammunition Handling. medical and other special-purpose vehicles d. The equipment (hardware and software) to be mated to a Hull/Frame/Body/Cab assembly to achieve a special mission capability. for example: a. Specialized sensors not included elsewhere e. supply vehicles and other field work units c. Landmark recognition algorithms and processors Excludes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Blades. recovery vehicles. shop. etc. image-understanding algorithms and processors. booms. test. inertial. which is in the Remote Control System (Unmanned Ground Vehicle specific) element NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.13 Special Equipment. robotic arms or manipulators. Electronic Systems.everyspec. Mine detection. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. test. laser scanners. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. The equipment (hardware and software) for selecting ammunition from a stored position in the vehicle. image-enhancement algorithms and processors. neutralization and marking equipment 150 . assembly. Includes. G. and loading the armament system. test. etc. G.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. transfer/lift mechanisms..2. Equipment that performs mobility intelligence analysis and planning functions such as automated route planners. The equipment (hardware and software) installed in the vehicle that enables the vehicle or its operators to plan and control vehicle speed and direction. to equip wreckers. and global positioning systems d. Navigation systems such as dead reckoning. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded.4. The means to eject spent cases and misfired rounds b. for example: a. c. plot the course of the vehicle and perform other mission functions. All items required to convert basic vehicle configurations to special-purpose configurations b. transferring it. Ammunition storage racks. Includes. etc. Includes. G.2. determine vehicle location. for example: a. assembly.4. Furnishings and equipment for command. winches. assembly. Remote control system. b. Equipment that senses and processes imagery data such as vision systems. computer-aided-driving algorithms and processors. ramming and ejecting mechanisms. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.2.Downloaded from http://www. as well as specialized hydraulic and electrical controls NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.12 Navigation and Remote Piloting Systems. for example: a.

assembly. transport vehicles. microwave and fiber optic communication links. All of the resources associated with its design. production. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. The Remote Control System is defined as a fixed. test. Includes.15 Primary Vehicle Software Release 1…n. launch and recovery equipment.2.4. test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. assembly.3 Remote Control System (UGV specific). Includes. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. and checkout of these elements into the Primary Vehicle is excluded. for example: a. and test b.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www. assembly. The equipment (hardware and software) within the system for communicating information to systems and personnel interior and exterior to operating vehicles. Radio frequency equipment. and checkout of these elements into the primary vehicle is excluded. Support for the system and vehicle level integration and testing provided by the producer/integrator of the remote control portion of the system c. Electronic Systems. G. Means for supplementary communication like visual signaling devices c. G. networking equipment for multiple vehicle control. G. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. tracking and command (TT&C) and mission data may be processed within collocated facilities or alternatively in remotely located facilities. and checkout of these elements into the primary vehicle is excluded. software. Electronic Systems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Network integration equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.14 Communications. development. test and checkout 151 . or mobile assembly of hardware. assembly. test. or to receive and transmit data generated and mission data collected by the vehicle. transportable. system software and integration. procurement. and firmware that has a communications interface with the vehicle to receive only. assembly.16 Other Vehicle Subsystems 1…n (specify). Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. vehicle telemetry. and intercom and external phone systems b. for example: a.2.4. This element should be replaced with other productoriented vehicle subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Sub-elements to remote control system.4. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. G.4. integration. In addition. All primary vehicle software not associated with a specific Level 3 element. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.

and modulates them onto the RF uplink. G. receivers. remote control factory/contractor support facility. production.3. antenna support pedestals. This subsystem receives. and decrypts vehicle telemetry. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.1 Remote Control System Integration Assembly Test and Checkout. generates commands for transmission to the vehicle system.Downloaded from http://www. procurement. This subsystem decodes. command. for example: a. and executing air vehicle commands. Resources associated with the design. demodulates. and checkout of these elements into the Remote Control System is excluded. modulators. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G G. Remote control facilities/buildings. tracking. radomes.4.everyspec.3. c. In addition. recovery. This is the command and control center for the surface vehicle system. c.4 Remote Control System Software Release 1…n. Electronic Systems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. etc. and operational site activation of the Command and Control Subsystem b. front-end equipment (encryptors/decryptors. Includes. launch. demodulators. This subsystem supports all remote control subsystems that require the capability to prepare and output commands to. assembly. G. Electronic Systems.3 Command and Control Subsystem. development. data link that the data to be sent between the GCS and the mission vehicle and is composed of transceivers and controls and may include a global positioning system (GPS). switches. and operational site activation of the remote control system b. down converts. The efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. production. this subsystem generates the RF uplink. to provide a complete remote control system.4. remote control support equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. workstations. demultiplexes. feeds. accepts tracking and command signals. Antennas.2 Ground Control Systems (GCS). and conditions telemetry. up/down frequency converters. G. and mission (payload) data. test. transmitters. etc. Resources associated with the design. computer processing and display hardware such as routers. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. storage devices. test. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Network. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. antenna positioners.3. assembly. All remote control system software not associated with a specific Level 3 element. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.4. as well as processing and analyzing vehicle telemetry NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. remote control initial support. procurement. It is utilized during pre-launch. and receive and process data from. test. 152 . synchronizers). and checkout of these elements into the Remote Control System is excluded.4. the surface vehicle while in operation or under test. processing. and operation of surface vehicles and payloads. Software for handling. Includes.3. servers. development.

The vehicles required to supplement. and all other defense materiel items. Includes. prototype or operationally configured units.4..5 Common WBS Elements. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.3.everyspec. G. or otherwise contribute to the capabilities of primary vehicles to provide the vehicle system with the required operational characteristics.e.4. test. Secondary vehicles are not necessarily self-contained operational units capable of operating outside the system.Downloaded from http://www. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. and checkout of these elements into the Remote Control System is excluded.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electronic Systems. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. assembly.5 Other Remote Control Subsystems 1…n (specify). This element should be replaced with other product-oriented remote control subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX G G.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. The design. carriers and tanker units of articulated train-type systems. regardless of end use) NOTE: Work breakdown structure and definitions for Secondary Vehicle are the same as those for the primary vehicle. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specification(s). use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Cargo and tank trainers of truck-trailers systems. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Surface Vehicle. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. expand.4 Secondary Vehicle. 153 . for example: a. G. and transporters as employed in systems when the primary vehicle has limited roadability b. development. and production of complete units (i.

ieee. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610.everyspec. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. H. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . NJ 08854-4141 www.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. 4th Floor New York. NY. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.ansi.org 154 .14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H APPENDIX H: UNMANNED AIR VEHICLE SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS H. Inc.12-1990 (R2002).Downloaded from http://www.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2.1 Non-Government publications.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS H.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for the Unmanned Air Vehicle Definitions for WBS elements common to all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.

.6 1.1.1.3 1.3 1.5 1.4..7 1.1.1.12 1.6 1.1.1.1.3 1.1.5 1.4.2 1.1.1.3.1.4 1.9 1.3.3 1.n (Specify) Armament/Weapons Delivery Payload 1. Assembly.1 1.3.1. Assembly. Test and Checkout Payload Payload Integration.2.1. Test and Checkout Communication/Identification Navigation/Guidance Automatic Flight Control Health Monitoring System Stores Management Mission Computer/Processing Fire Control Avionics Software Release 1…n Other Avionics Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Auxiliary Equipment Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n Air Vehicle Integration.10 1..3. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED .4.5 1.8 1..4.2.4 1. Assembly.2 1.2 1.4.4 1.3 1.2.1.1.2.3.1 1.1.1.1..3.n (Specify) Reconnaissance Payload 1.2 1.1. Assembly.N (Specify) Payload Software Release 1…n Other Payload 1…n (Specify) Ground/Host Segment Ground Segment Integration.1.1.2 1.6 1.3 1.3..4 Level 1 Level 2 UAV System Air Vehicle Level 3 Level 4 Airframe Airframe Integration.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.Downloaded from http://www.1.1.4.3.0 1.3.3.5 1.9 1. Test and Checkout Flight Control Subsystem Auxiliary Power Subsystem Hydraulic Subsystem Electrical Subsystem Environmental Control Subsystem Fuel Subsystem Landing Gear Rotor Group Drive System Vehicle Subsystems Software Release 1…n Other Vehicle Subsystems 1…n (Specify) Avionics Avionics Integration.3.1. Assembly.3.1.4. Assembly.1.2.1.10 1.1.1. Test and Checkout Fuselage Wing Empennage Nacelle Other Airframe Components 1…n (Specify) Propulsion Vehicle Subsystems Vehicle Subsystems Integration.6 1.3.6 1.n(Specify) Electronic Warfare Payload 1.1 1.1.1.7 1.11 1.2.1 1.2 1.4.1.3.3 1.4.4.1. Test and Checkout Ground Control Systems Command and Control Subsystem Launch and Recovery Equipment 155 .1.7 1.1.8 1.4 1.1 1.7 1.1 1.5 1.4 1.1 1.3. Test and Checkout Survivability Payload 1.everyspec.1.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H.3.1.1..1.1.2.1.2 1.

or high technical interest.3 1.8.6 1.8.11.7 1.1 1.13 1.3.1 1.5 1.9.3.7 1.5 1.3.12. H.4 1. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5.everyspec. Systems Engineering.3.10. for 156 .5 1. For example.4 1. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . Test and Checkout System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups/System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts H.10.5 1.13.13.. Integration. but only for those elements.Downloaded from http://www.12 1.8.1 1.e.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L).10.10.2 1.1 1.14. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element.14.2 1. high risk. For those elements.3 1. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost.2 1. System Test and Evaluation.3 1.2 1.5 1.14. WBS elements that are common (i.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H 1. Assembly. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility.8.10 1.8 1.8.9 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5.1 1. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C.6 1.1 1.9.3 1.1 1.3.12. In addition.15 Transport Vehicles Ground Segment Software Release 1…n Other Ground/Host Segment 1…n (Specify) UAV Software Release 1…n UAV System Integration. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. Training. Assembly.4 1.10. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports.3 1. Program Management.4 1.11 1.2 1.13.2 1.13.2 1. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. Test and Checkout.9.14 1.13.11.

MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . For example. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure).Downloaded from http://www.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions.g.1. the parent WBS (e.3. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. 4) In some cases. These "other" elements would be used if. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. H. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. However. and receiver.transmitter. Under normal circumstances. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support.3 Numbering of the WBS. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. it should be included within that element. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. antenna. schedule. This is called the 100% rule. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. For example.everyspec. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. In each appendix. threat. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security.3. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. Therefore.3. H. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. for example. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. and performance. H. For example. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets.e.3. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. even after contract award. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers..3. 2) In each of the appendices. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level).. however. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. Where this structure occurs. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. ―Solid Rocket 157 . it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. depending on how software is developed. The numbering system is numeric.

1. and production of complete units—prototype and operationally configured units.4. The complete flying aircraft.3. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. Includes.1. center and aft fuselage sections of the aircraft. Those employing fixed. Airframe. rotary. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications.2 Air Vehicle. assembly. 1. gliders) H. Mounting provisions for mission peculiar avionics. The structure used to produce lift for flight during the air 158 .4. Includes. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . and facilities required to design. and so forth. Access doors d. data.2.1 Airframe Integration.1 Airframe.1. wing. design. Those unmanned air vehicles designed for powered or unpowered movement (i.2. The structural airframe encompassing the forward. Efforts required to splice the forward.1.4. services.2. Includes. It also includes. and nacelle and all other airframe H. armament/weapons delivery systems H. center and aft fuselage sections to include the main and secondary structures b. center and aft sections c.2. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. fuselage. less other Level 3 elements. compound wing or dirigibles b. movable. to provide a complete airframe. for example: a. The assembled structural and aerodynamic components of the air vehicle that support subsystems essential to designated mission requirements. Structural fuselage section for the forward. empennage.2.1. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.4.1. Test and Checkout. The complex of equipment (hardware/software).1. 1.2.3 Wing. 1.2. produce and support unmanned air vehicle systems. H. development.1 Unmanned Air Vehicle System.everyspec.2 Fuselage. Basic structure: fuselage. propulsion.Downloaded from http://www.1. for example: a. 1.2.4. Includes.e. and all other installed equipment H. The integration. regardless of end use. test and checkout element includes all efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. develop. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). Assembly. for example: a. for example: a.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H Motor‖). Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor H.4 DEFINITIONS H.4..

and installation of flight test instrumentation b. This element is a separate streamlined enclosure from the fuselage on an aircraft that is used for sheltering the crew. and production of mating surfaces. vertical tails. The design. Material for sealing the integral fuel tanks d.n (Specify). Electronic Systems and the associated WBS template for propulsion. Excludes.4.1 Vehicle Subsystems Integration. installation of airframe related subsystems. Includes.4. cargo or housing an engine. etc. Wing torque box. development. controls. Assembly. Efforts for the structural splicing of the wing to the fuselage as provided by the Airframe Integration. control linkages and associated equipments. thrust vector devices. for example: a. plumbing.2. rudders. The structural tail group encompassing the fin. and Checkout. hydraulic.2. and assembly efforts to provide the propulsion unit as an entity Excludes. movable control surfaces to include ailerons and leading and trailing edge flaps.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. test.4. leading edge extension wing tip. etc. H. This element includes other products/services related to airframe that are either not listed above or tasks that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements in which each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. Fitting for store stations c.Downloaded from http://www. All effort directly associated with the integration.1.2. Thrust reversers. for example: a. That portion of the air vehicle that pertains to installed equipment (propulsion unit and other propulsion) to provide power/thrust to propel the aircraft through all phases of powered flight. gear boxes. Test.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H Includes. production. for example: a. flight controls. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. instruments. installation of airframe related subsystems.5 Nacelle. turbo with or without afterburner. if furnished as integral to the propulsion unit c.4.2.4. The engine as a propulsion unit within itself (e. and installation of flight test instrumentation b. Test and Checkout H. 159 .. H. fuel. Assembly.6 Other Airframe Components 1. wing fold mechanism. NOTE: For lower level information.. or other type propulsion) suitable for integration with the airframe b. Other propulsion equipment required in addition to the engine but not furnished as an integral part of the engine.g.2 Propulsion.4 Empennage. The collection of core non-avionics subsystems. Structural stabilators. and engine control units.3 Vehicle Subsystems. for example: a.4. for example: a. reciprocating. Includes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. H. inner and outer wing panels.2. Provisions for the electrical. stabilator and rudder as well as provisions for electrical wiring. such as booster units d.3.everyspec. and checkout of these elements into the air vehicle b.2. Tail boom for rotary wing H.1. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . development. assembly. All ancillary equipments that are not an integral part of the engine required to provide an operational primary power source—air inlets.1. H.. attach fittings for pylons. transmissions.

accumulators. rudder. Airframe mounted accessory drive (AMAD) d. Hydraulic tubing. etc. assembly.4 Hydraulic Subsystem.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. assembly. etc. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. H. The equipment that performs engine start up on the ground.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Includes. Pumps. This system provides hydraulic power for the actuation of landing/launching gear subsystems. emergency starting during flight. and power takeoff for hydraulic pumps and electrical generator system and fuel motive flow pumps. parts. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. test. test. ailerons. in-flight re-fueling probe. stabilators. which are used to control the flight path of the air vehicle and provide additional lift. for example: a. regulators and associated plumbing distribution systems to provide hydraulic power c. rudders. material and equipment procurements including associated vendor design/development efforts to provide for the Hydraulic Subsystem b. linkage. valves. check valves. and software required to assemble and test the vehicle subsystem parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. that interconnect the hydraulic equipment 160 . for example: a. stabilizer. furnishings—cargo. Auxiliary power unit (APU) c. ground checkout operations of aircraft accessories.3.everyspec. for example: a. Power takeoff shafts and oil cooling lines b. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements.3. drag and trim effect. etc. Primary and secondary mechanical controls. Primary and secondary mechanical devices and automatic equipment installed in the air vehicle when used with control surfaces. Air turbine starter e. materials. Electronic Systems.3.2. Includes.2 Flight Control Subsystem. drag and trim effect Excludes. H.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H structures.2. to control the flight path of the air vehicle as well as to provide additional lift. production. leading edge flaps. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. Structural control surfaces. equipment. and speed brakes. Electronics Systems. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . gun drive and flight control surfaces.3 Auxiliary Power Subsystem. Secondary power. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.Downloaded from http://www. Includes. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Design. reservoirs. included in airframe as well as the installation of flight control subsystems into the appropriate basis structures element NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. trailing edge flaps.4. H. and control surface actuators for ailerons. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. for example: a.4.

Electronic Systems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. H. assembly. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. circuit breakers and distribution systems between electronic mission equipments NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. pressurization of seals.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . intersystem cables and distribution boxes.3. and non-separable from. assembly.3. Includes. racks.5 Electrical Subsystem. mounts. for example: a. H. The distribution system provides for air ducts.everyspec. battery system. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. for example: a. Environmental equipment and distribution systems on board the air vehicle for air conditioning and cooling equipment compartments. aft fuselage and vertical tail b.2.. Equipment compartment and individual air units. cooling lines and other plumbing required in supplying air and other cooling media from supply sources to the controlled environment. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. the AC and DC distribution of this power supply and the provision for exterior lighting. which are inherent to.6 Environmental Control Subsystem. the AC and DC distribution of this power supply and exterior lighting in the center fuselage. Electronic Systems. Equipment installed to provide electrical power function. etc. fuel tanks and antiicing. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. b. 161 .4. air conditioning and fuel tanks. Wire bundles and miscellaneous electrical parts.Downloaded from http://www. Bleed air for the gun gas purging c. test. Air refrigeration system. test. a transformer rectifier unit and power contactors c.2. Environmental control. Includes. assembly. which provide the electrical power function. liquid cooling system. Power relays. air flow regulation system d. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. the assembled structure NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Generator system.

10 Drive System.everyspec.9 Rotor Group.4.2.11 Vehicle Subsystems Software Release 1…n. fuel management. H. roll.2. for example: a. Those items that pertain to the engine control units such as transmissions and gear boxes. 162 . gauging. thrust vector devices. test. transmissions. pressurization. plumbing etc. Main rotor blade b. Dynamic systems. b.8 Landing Gear. which interconnect the fuel subsystem equipment and storage cell in the air vehicle NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.3. Associated functions included in the system are fuel storage. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Items that impart the pitch. brakes. rotary wing pylons. Equipment and distribution systems to provide fuel to the engines b. Arresting hook system and related doors and mechanisms H.3. and in-flight refueling c. for example: a.3. gauging.2. tires. air induction system. Includes. starters. H. assembly. Includes. Alighting gear. Includes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded.3. Includes. and the mechanical devices for arresting the air vehicle. No tail rotor H.4. hydraulics. All vehicle subsystem software not associated with a specific Level 4 element.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H. for example: a.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. venting.. retraction.Downloaded from http://www. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. for example: a. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and thrust forces.2. wheels. Electronic Systems. Main rotor head c.4. Equipment and distribution systems installed in the air vehicle to provide fuel to the engines and the auxiliary power unit. The structural and mechanical gear and associated equipment including doors for maneuvering of the air vehicle while on the ground. assembly. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Fuel lines. inlet control system d. propellers. defueling etc. and locking this gear. test.4. if not furnished as an integral part of the propulsion unit NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. defueling. which provide the lift and direction for Air Vehicle powered flight for rotary aircraft. the devices for extension. raw. etc. nose landing gear c. including associated functions such as fuel pressurization. Tail rotor blade d. exhausts.7 Fuel Subsystem. thrust reversers.4. Main landing gears. tubes. Electronic Systems. gear boxes.3. venting. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED .

for example: a. test.4.everyspec. Radio system(s). H. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented vehicle subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. structures.2 Communication/Identification. and other equipment homogeneous to the navigation/guidance function NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and production of mating surfaces. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. parts. and identification package (if used) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. or other essential navigation equipment. radio. Integral communication.3. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle to perform the navigational guidance function. Radar.2. assembly. radar altimeter.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. identification equipment (IFF). doppler compass.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.Downloaded from http://www.4. and software required to assemble and test the avionics suite parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements.3 Navigation/Guidance. H. Test. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.2. H. test.4. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. H. 163 . equipment. Electronic Systems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. and Checkout. Assembly. computer. Includes. navigation. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. for example: a. Includes. data links. Mission equipment on board the air vehicle that is primarily electronic in nature. Electronic Systems. Electronic Systems.2. assembly. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.12 Other Vehicle Subsystems (1…n) (Specify). assembly.4. test. direction finding set. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. materials.2. and control boxes associated with the specific equipment b.4. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle for communications and identification purposes. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4.4. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements.1 Avionics Integration. H. development.4 Avionics. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED .4.

and actuating devices—covered under the airframe WBS element b. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle for malfunction detection and reporting. and other elements devoted to transmitting flight control data c. rate gyros.Downloaded from http://www. which. Flight control computers. for example: a. Includes. The avionics subsystem that controls and monitors the operational state of aircraft installed stores and provides and manages the communications between aircraft stores. trim. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4 Automatic Flight Control. data formatting. test.4. H. test. Electronic devices required for signal processing. accelerometers.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. navigation computers.2.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H. Electronic Systems. control surfaces. and data transmitting elements that are devoted to processing data for either primary or automatic flight control functions b. Avionics devices and sensors--central computers. enable the crew to control the flight path of the aircraft and provide lift. Those electronic devices and sensors. software. Electronic Systems.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. the data buses.4. in combination with the flight controls subsystem (under vehicle subsystems).2.6 Stores Management. H. H.2. 164 . or conversion effects. signal processors. which are included under other avionics WBS elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Flight control sensors such as pressure transducers. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. Devices—linkages. avionics data buses and navigation sensors. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.4. drag. The master data processing unit(s) responsible for coordinating and directing the major avionic mission systems. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Electronic Systems.everyspec. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. and interfacing between the flight control elements. assembly.5 Health Monitoring System.7 Mission Computer/Processing. assembly. assembly. other aircraft subsystems and weapons. optical links. and motion sensors Excludes.4. Electronic Systems.

and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. electronics. Electronic/ Systems. Apertures/antennas. test.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. test.4.9 Avionics Software Release 1…n. target identification. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. assembly. assembly. Auxiliary airframe. 165 . pods. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. Includes. for example: a. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. rendezvous and/or tracking c. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . test.10 Other Avionics Subsystems 1…n (Specify).4.5 Auxiliary Equipment. if integral to the fire control system.8 Fire Control. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Auxiliary airframe equipment such as external fuel tanks. launching. H. or which provide the ancillary functions to the applicable mission equipments. Electronic Systems.2.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. Electronic Systems. Multi-use equipment like antennas. assembly. and rotodomes b. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented avionics subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. H. not homogeneous to the prescribed WBS elements NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. propulsion. racks. All avionics software not associated with a specific Level 4 element. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. H. power supplies.Downloaded from http://www. and mountings. Self-contained navigation and air data systems d. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle. Each additional task is to be clearly identified and defined. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. and/or vehicle subsystems equipment not allocable to individual element equipments. and checkout of these elements into the Air Vehicle is excluded. H. which provides the intelligence necessary for weapons delivery such as bombing.4. and firing.everyspec. test. assembly.2. Includes. Radars and other sensors including radomes b. necessary for search.4.4.4. Bombing computer and control and safety devices NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. control boxes. environmental control.2.

Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in. or attached to. Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in. assembly. for example: a. and software required to assemble and test the payload suite parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. they too should be represented within the WBS structure at Level 3 below the Level 2 Payload element. chaff. All air vehicle software not associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 element. Magazines f. electronic. Recorders d. H. Search receivers c. Includes. Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions. meteorological sensors.4. to provide the integration. or attached to. development.everyspec. H.7 Air Vehicle Integration Assembly. Test. Electronic Systems. Warning devices e.2. 166 . Test. and communication relay systems. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . H. structures. and Checkout. and production of mating surfaces. H. terrain-following radar. In addition to the types of payloads listed below.3 Reconnaissance Payload (1…n). test. Data link Excludes. materials. parts. Unmanned Air Vehicles (UAVs) may have a single or multiple payloads represented at Level 3 of the WBS. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.3 Payload.4. Ferret and search receivers. Examples of other payloads include targeting and ranging systems. jamming transmitters. bio/chemical detection sensors. and other sensors b. test. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. equipment. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. for example: a.4.2. for example: a. Includes. an UAV may also have other payloads. and other devices typical of this mission function NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. H.2 Survivability Payload (1…n).3. and checkout of all Level 3 elements to form the air vehicle as a whole. and Checkout. the air vehicle necessary to the reconnaissance mission.3.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.3. warning devices and other electronic devices. All efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded. infrared. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. electronic countermeasures.4. infra-red jammers.4.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H.Downloaded from http://www. Photographic. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. Electronic/ Systems. Assembly.6 Air Vehicle Software Release 1…n. assembly. the air vehicle that assists in penetration for mission accomplishment.1 Payload Integration. Gun cameras NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. If a UAV has other payloads. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.

. infra-red jammers. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. chaff. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . Guns. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded. and gun cameras b. 167 .4. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B.Downloaded from http://www. mounts. H. Electronic Systems. other jamming equipment. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded. This element involves the use of electromagnetic and directed energy to control the electromagnetic spectrum or to attack the enemy. or weapons that use electromagnetic or directed energy such as laser. Includes.3.4.e. H. jamming transmitters.4 Electronic Warfare Payload (1…n). Bombing/navigation system (included in the fire control element) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. bomb racks. Includes. electronic counter-countermeasures. test. high energy weapons.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. and other mechanical or electromechanical equipments specifically oriented to the weapons delivery function Excludes: a. Electronic countermeasures. pylons. Launchers.5 Armament/Weapons Delivery Payload (1…n). or particle beams NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. electromagnetic deception equipment. Electronic Systems. for example: a. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. assembly. That electronic warfare equipment (hardware/software) installed in the unmanned vehicle to provide the functions of electronic warfare support. H. integral release mechanisms.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. test. All payload software not associated with a specific Level 4 element.4. turrets. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the air vehicle to provide the firepower functions and weapons delivery capability. pods. assembly. ammunition feed and ejection mechanisms. weapon direction equipment. electronic attack. and electronic protection (i. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.3.6 Payload Software Release 1…n.everyspec. assembly. electronic countermeasures. RF weapons. or electronic warfare support measures). NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.3. test.

command. It is utilized during pre-launch. This subsystem decodes. and operation of UAVs and payloads. but that is also transported or delivered by the UAV system. and decrypts air vehicle telemetry.4.4. modulators. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. software.3. and firmware that has a communications interface with the vehicle to receive only. up/down frequency converters.2 Ground Control Systems (GCS).14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H. synchronizers). demodulators. etc. transmitters. receivers.4. demodulates.Downloaded from http://www. data link that the data to be sent between the GCS and the mission vehicle and is composed of transceivers and controls and may include a global positioning system (GPS). Any other product or equipment not already mentioned in the above definition. In addition. down converts. transportable. The Ground segment is defined as a fixed. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.4. antenna positioners. In addition. tracking and command (TT&C) and mission data may be processed within collocated facilities or alternatively in remotely located facilities. for example: a. H. GT support equipment c. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded. and mission (payload) data. tracking.3 Command and Control Subsystem. Ground terminal (GT) facilities/buildings. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration.4. This is the command and control center for the UAV system. radomes. Electronic Systems. generates commands for transmission to the aircraft. b. environmental control units (air conditioners). H. assembly. GT initial support. GT factory/contractor support facility. vehicle telemetry. Ground 1 could represent an operations center and Ground 2 a network operations center or some other type of command and control facility. feeds. and checkout of these elements into the Ground/Host Segment is excluded.1 Ground Segment Integration. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . front-end equipment (encryptors/decryptors. Generators. demultiplexes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. For example. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. H. This subsystem receives. etc. Includes.7 Other Payload 1…n (Specify). the air vehicle while in operation or under test. or mobile assembly of hardware.4. The efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4. recovery. Antennas. and conditions telemetry. assembly. power Generators. Test and Checkout. to provide a complete ground system. This subsystem supports all Ground subsystems that require the capability to prepare and output commands to. Includes. and processes tracking data to generate air vehicle ephemeris.everyspec.4. test. test. and receive and process data from. this subsystem generates the RF uplink. launch. or to receive and transmit data generated and mission data collected by the air vehicle. Assembly. Support for the system and vehicle level integration and testing provided by the producer/integrator of the ground portion of the system H. 168 .4 Ground/Host Segment. antenna support pedestals.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. accepts tracking and command signals. that are required for operation of the ground control stations NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and modulates them onto the RF uplink. Electronic Systems.

com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H Includes. test. storage devices.. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED . Parachute NOTE: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. H. assembly.everyspec. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. etc. and checkout of these elements into the Ground/Host Segment is excluded. maintenance equipment. H.4. as well as processing and analyzing air vehicle telemetry c. b. Command and control ground facilities/building. Electronic Systems. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. H. Includes. processing. Arresting net or arresting lines e. servers.n (Specify).Downloaded from http://www. and checkout of these elements into the Ground/Host Segment is excluded. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4.4. workstations. for example: a. for example: a. test.. switches.5 Transport Vehicles. command and control initial support and support equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This includes any vehicles used to perform movement of the prime mission vehicle.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This is the equipment necessary to launch and recover air vehicles during the performance of its mission. 169 .4. Air vehicle hydraulic/pneumatic launcher. test. Automatic landing beacon system d. Any vehicles that have been specifically designed or modified for the transportation of air vehicles. and executing air vehicle commands. computer processing and display hardware such as routers. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. All Ground Segment software not associated with a specific Level 3 element. Electronic Systems.4. assembly.6 Ground Segment Software Release 1…n. or any other special transport systems used in the relocation of the prime mission equipment so that it may perform its mission. Equipment required to launch the air vehicle with its mission payloads into flight b. This element should be replaced with other productoriented Ground Segment elements that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Software for handling.7 Other Ground Segment 1.4. and direct maintenance personnel.4 Launch and Recovery Equipment. crew.4. command and control factory/contractor support facility. H. an jet/rocket assisted take-off (JATO/RATO) bottles for short take-off c. assembly. ground control station equipment or other mission equipment. Network. and checkout of these elements into the Ground/Host Segment is excluded. rail.

All efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Unmanned Aircraft.4. and all other defense materiel items.5 Unmanned Air Vehicle (UAV) Software Release 1…n. assembly. 170 . NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions. 6 Unmanned Air Vehicle System Integration Assembly. Test. are in Appendix L: Common Elements.7 Common WBS Elements.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. H.4. and Checkout.everyspec. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. to provide the integration. All UAV software not associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 elements. and checkout of all Level 2 elements into the UAV System as a whole. MIL-STD-881C DRAFT DATED .14 JANUARY 2011 APPENDIX H H.Downloaded from http://www. test. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions. H.

org American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) ASTM F2541-06. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. Pennsylvania. NJ 08854-4141 www. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I APPENDIX I: UNMANNED MARITIME SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS I.ieee. I.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.12-1990 (R2002). Inc. USA Phone: (610) 832-9500 Fax: (610) 832-9555 171 . Guide for Unmanned Underwater Vehicle (UUV) Autonomy and Control ASTM Standards can be found online at: ht tp : // www.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS Non-Government publications. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.everyspec. a s t m.ansi. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.o r g 100 Barr Harbor Drive West Conshohocken. NY. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.Downloaded from http://www. 4th Floor New York.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. Definitions for WBS elements common to the sea system and all other defense materiel items are in Appendix L: Common Elements. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and definitions for the Unmanned Maritime System (UMS). AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610.

Test and Checkout Mission Control Navigation Guidance and Control Health Status Monitoring Rendezvous.8.5 1.n (Specify) Armament/Weapons Delivery Payload 1…n (Specify) Mission Payload 1…n (Specify) Payload Software Release 1…n Other Payload 1…n (Specify) Shipboard Segment Shipboard Segment Integration.9.9.8.8. Homing and Docking Systems Fire Control Vehicle Command and Control Software Release 1…n Other Vehicle Command and Control 1…n (Specify) Surveillance Communications/Identification Ship Control Systems Ship Control System Integration.2.4 1.1.2. Assembly.1 1.2 1.1.6 1.3.9.1.1.7 1.1.1.1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.1.8 1.8.2.1.1.2.5 1. Test and Checkout Payload 1…n Payload Integration.2 1.8.1 1.3 1.3 1.1.1.5.1.6 1.3 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.7 1..1. Assembly.3.5.3 1.1 1.2 1.1.4 1.2.8 1.1.3 1. Test and Checkout Shipboard UM Command and Control Subsystem UM Control Console(s) Payload Control Console(s) Shipboard Communication Subsystem Shipboard Power Subsystem 172 . Test and Checkout Steering and Dive Control Hovering and Depth Control Ballast and Trim Maneuvering System Ship Control Systems Software Release 1…n Other Ship Control Systems 1…n (Specify) Auxiliary Systems Auxiliary Equipment Integration.8 1. Test and Checkout Survivability Payload 1…n (Specify) Intelligence.5.1.4 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Unmanned Maritime System Maritime Vehicle Hull and Structure Propulsion Energy Storage / Conversion Electrical Power Vehicle Command and Control Level 4 Vehicle Command and Control Integration.5 1.2 1.2 1.8.5.1.1. Test and Checkout Emergency Systems Launch and Recovery System Environmental Control System Anchoring. Mooring and Towing Miscellaneous Fluid Systems Auxiliary Systems Software Release 1…n Other Auxiliary Systems 1…n (Specify) Vehicle Software Release 1…n Vehicle Integration.1 1.4 1.2.4 1. Assembly.1..3. Surveillance Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload 1. Assembly.3 1.1.1 1.5.5.7 1.9.2 1.5.1.6 1.9 1.1.2 1.1.1.5 1. Assembly. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I.1.10 1.4 1.5 1.1.9.9.7 1.everyspec.1 1.1.2.3.7 1.5.1.1.6 1.11 1.1.3.1.2 1.Downloaded from http://www.0 1.9.3. Assembly.1 1.1.9.3 1.5.1.2.9 1.8 1.2.1 1.1.8.

3 1.2 1.15.10. System Test and Evaluation.3 1. Installation and Checkout on Site Contractor Technical Support Site Construction Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts I.15. Systems Engineering.2 1.3.14.5 1.2 1.3.12.9 1.10 1. Test and Checkout System Engineering Program Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups/System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation System Assembly. Assembly.11.15.2 1.15.5 1.8 1.16.11 1.1 1.12 1.16. 173 .6 1.16. Test and Checkout. For example.11.10.11.2 1.1 1.5 1.15.3.6 1.13.10 1. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.4 1.4 1. Program Management.5 1.13 1. Assembly.5 1.2 1.12. Common WBS elements (i.4 1..12. Training.everyspec.Downloaded from http://www.10.12.3.15 1.3.17 Launch and Recovery Equipment Storage Subsystems Vehicle Handling Equipment Shipboard (or Shore Based) Auxiliary Equipment Shipboard Software Release 1…n Other Shipboard Segment 1…n (Specify) Shore Segment (Duplicate any shipboard segment elements as appropriate) Transportation Segment/Vehicles UM System Software Release 1…n UM System Integration.3 1.3 1. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element.16 1.1 1.10.10.1 1. Integration.1 1.13.3.4 1.8 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 1.14 1.14.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L).e.3 1. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports.9 1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I 1.2 1.7 1.1 1.3.12.7 1.

software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. and performance. These "other" elements would be used if. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem.Downloaded from http://www. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. I. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost.3. However. it should be included within that element. for example. schedule.3 Numbering of the WBS. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. depending on how software is developed. several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only.. 4) In some cases. high risk. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. even after contract award. Under normal circumstances. or high technical interest. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . In addition. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed.3. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed.everyspec. I. Therefore. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. and receiver.e. antenna. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. This is called the 100% rule. It may include functionality for the receiver as well.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support.1. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. however.transmitter. 174 . those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. The numbering system is numeric. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. For example. 2) In each of the appendices.3. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. For those elements. threat. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets.3. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. In each appendix. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. but only for those elements. For example.

g. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I.1 Unmanned Maritime System (UMS). ―Solid Rocket Motor‖). Hydraulic control valves. resilient and sound mounts.Downloaded from http://www. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible. e.1. Welding materials. k.3. Equipment such as heat exchanger for a cooling system is associated with that system. there may be a single WBS element for cabling. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. and associated hydraulic piping. 1. The following guidance may be used to help determine which Unmanned Maritime System WBS element should include different types of material: a.3. hardware. 1. j. p. fittings. m.1. I. Fluid coolers are included within the system whose fluid they cool. flex connections. and so forth.1.2. Where this structure occurs. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖). are included within the system they support. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example.4 Unmanned Maritime SystemWBS guidance. The boundary is at the power distribution system bus bar. mechanical) are include in the system they support.g.everyspec. 175 . filters. Electric power cabling is included with the system that consumes the power. Label plate installation is included in the system where they are attached. n. air.2. The complex of equipment (hardware/software). Remote reading instrumentation that is part of the general indicating system servicing many individual systems will be found under one of the interior sensing systems.1. strainers. d. operate and support unmanned maritime systems. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. Mechanical and electrical penetration sleeves into structural members are part of the mechanical or electrical system that they support. t. develop.1. f.4 DEFINITIONS I. hydraulic cylinders.2. 1. Items such as hull fasteners. Foundations that are integral with the component supported are included with the component system. Elements attached to or an integral part of a system are considered parts of the component and belong to that system unless specifically not included in the boundary definitions. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. b. r. h. services. including hydraulic valve actuators.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Electric driven pumps and electric motors are included within the system they service. test. 1. associated valves. If the electrical cabling cannot be easily separated into subsystems because there is a single wire harness.4.2.3. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below. c.. o. and facilities required to design.2. If an item has more than one function it is grouped with its primary function. s. or hydraulic pumps and motors are included in the hydraulic system. pipe hangers. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor I. data. i. Piping is included with the system with which it is associated. the parent WBS (e. Valve actuators (electric. Attached or local indicating instrumentation is included with the supported system. and similar items are included with the functional system. All other tanks are included in the system they support. For example. produce. Built-in tanks that have at least one surface homogeneous with principal structure are included in the structural group. u. l. valve operators.3. q. Electric signal cabling is included with the system that produces the signal up to the first panel or signal processor of another system. Insulation should be classified with the system where the insulation is installed. Pipe markings are included in the system where they are applied. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems.

hatches. (They belong with the supported system. foundations. for example: a. sponsons. h. Pressure housings. mounting provisions for mission peculiar equipment. Propulsion control equipment (e. and end plates and associated support structures that are not integral to the primary hull and structure. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I Includes all classes of surface and subsurface (undersea) water vessels: a.) e. hull and support structures.4. gearing. structural bulkheads. regardless of end use). propellers.. Equipment inside the pressure hull. Propulsion shrouds and ducts d. motor controllers) 176 . Foundations (internal and external). communications/identification. foundations. longitudinal and transverse framing.1 Hull and Structure. shafting. Includes. for example: a. ship control systems and other installed equipment I. Main.2. Primary structural frame if there is no pressure hull per se d. housings.2. stiffeners. Ballast and trim tanks and other tanks that are integral to the structure e.. treads c.4. engines or propulsion motors) b. hydrodynamic fairings. Sound or shock/vibration mounts integral with mounted components. Non-pressure hull and supporting structures c.everyspec. Exostructure including supporting structure. It also includes design. shell plating. Water tight hatches and doors including their respective hinge and operating mechanisms (electrical and mechanical) g.Downloaded from http://www. Sacrificial anodes c. the prototype or operationally configured units. etc. and production of complete units (i. sonar domes. Unmanned Surface Vehicles (USVs) b. and associated operating mechanisms. access panels i. and bulkheads. The equipment and assembled components installed primarily to propel the vehicle and the systems necessary to make these components operable. hinges. Special structures such as castings. energy storage/conversion. propulsion. Tanks.e. inserts.g.g. Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUVs) I. Hull structure watertight closures and access panels f. development. Includes. propulsors. weldments. pressure bottles. The complete waterborne vessel. switches) l. Pressure hull. access panels. test and checkout including pressure testing. and other pressure vessels that house equipment that are part of other subsystems). (This would include energy storage. b. for example: a. armament/weapons delivery systems j. Transmission. for example: a. tracks. Includes.. Equipment masts. Hull and structure. or structure d. brackets and fasteners k. Pressure hull inserts and penetrations m. and electrical devices (sensors. Piping b. vehicle command and control. ballast and trim systems that are not integral to the structure f. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. I. Hull and structure assembly. ballast and trim tanks. bearings. The assembled structural and hydrodynamic components including primary pressure vessels. forgings. surveillance. Fixed ballast and floatation with associated mounts.2 Propulsion.2 Maritime Vehicle.4. secondary and auxiliary propulsion units (e. tank/compartment tightness testing Excludes. electrical power.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.

Supporting systems such as circulating and cooling water. i. bus bars. energy storage. Power relays. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. NOTE: For lower level information. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Includes. f. I. h. etc.everyspec.4. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. and lubricating oil system necessary to make these components operable Associated structural foundations. fuel pumps. and checkout of these elements into the maritime vehicle c. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. structural foundations.2. Energy storage and conversion monitoring and control system c. Electric power generation b. which are included under Energy/Storage/Conversion b.g. power distribution system d. etc. e.2. controls. resilient mounts to support the equipment d. battery scanners g. assembly. Associated enclosures. production. g. resilient mounts to support the equipment Associated piping Associated cabling Associated electrical equipment e. Electronic Systems.4. circuit protection. and distribution systems to provide electrical power and lighting. energy conversion such as batteries or fuel cells. monitoring and control. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. for example: a. production. Power distribution system b.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.g. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I e.Downloaded from http://www. Peculiar support equipment – battery handling equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.4 Electrical Power. Energy storage and conversion system b. instruments.. Associated cabling f. General purpose lighting (if any)(internal and external) e. development. conversion. The power generating. fuel monitoring and control.3 Energy Storage / Conversion. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. test. valves and actuators The design. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. monitoring and control systems that are separate from electrical power and distribution systems. pressure housings.. development. for example: a. The energy storage. sensors. Electronic Systems. control sensors. Power conversion equipment c. for example: a. The design. fuses. All ancillary equipments that are not an integral part of the propulsion units required to provide an operational system. Associated piping e. test. assembly. Electric power monitoring and control system 177 . use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Energy sources. j. I. All effort directly associated with the integration. h. Includes. Associated electrical equipment such as batteries. Supporting systems such as fuel tanks.

for example: a. Mission or sortie control computers. I. g. The onboard equipment (hardware/software) that allows a properly designated command authority to exercise control over the UMS in the accomplishment of the mission. resilient mounts to support the equipment f. Navigation lighting NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. pressure housings. Assembly Test and Checkout.Downloaded from http://www. production. equipment. Electronic Systems. analyzing. development. for example: a. coordinating. pressure housings. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. Communication NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I f.5. communicating. Autonomy is the UMS’s own ability of sensing. algorithms e. development. Vehicle Command and Control. Special lighting for electro-optical sensor systems b. Electrical wiring and cabling to provide power to other equipment Associated protective enclosures. and controlling forces and operations in the accomplishment of the mission and may include Shipboard and/or shore based Command and Control equipment. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. materials. I.2 Mission Control. test.4. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. assembly. production. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. I.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. valves and actuators h. structural foundations. software. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the UMS to provide mission control functions and facilitate its autonomy. Associated cabling g.1 Vehicle Command and Control Integration. planning. parts.everyspec. and production of mating surfaces. perceiving. algorithms b.. communications. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement of personnel. to achieve its goals as assigned by its authorized client(s). directing. software. resilient mounts to support the equipment The design. and acting. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. 178 . NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. facilities.2. Autonomous mission or sortie control computers. algorithms d. structural foundations. (Source: ASTM F2541-06 Guide for UUV Autonomy and Control). Associated electrical equipment e. Vehicle control computers. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. equipment. decision making. Electronic Systems. development.5. Associated protective enclosures.g. structures. and procedures employed by a commander in planning.4. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail. and software required to assemble and test the Vehicle Command and Control parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements.2. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. The design. Payload control computers. Includes. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements.2. h. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes: a. algorithms c. software. software.5. control sensors.

The design. homing and docking systems (reference I. resilient mounts to support the equipment d. Electrical and electronic navigation equipment and systems b. assembly. hovering. radar f. Navigation lights i. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. I. test.e. satellite navigation.5. Terrain and/or obstacle avoidance sonar h. roll) control software. structural foundations. Guidance and control computers b. Navigation computer j.5. algorithms and/or sensors such as pressure transducers. depth. Radio navigation. heading.3 Navigation. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. depth. central computers. Associated electrical equipment e. structural foundations.5. Associated protective enclosures. Associated electrical equipment e. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. rate gyros. test. data buses and navigation sensors. in combination with the propulsion. roll). actuators n. for example: a. actuators f. production. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the UMS to perform the navigation function. heading. The design. sonar altimeter. resilient mounts to support the equipment l. pitch.e. Rendezvous. production. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes.2. Integrated navigation systems c..4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.. Heading. assembly. for example: a.Downloaded from http://www. I.g. attitude. steering and dive control subsystems (under vehicle control subsystems). equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. upward looking sonar g.3. depth.2. Inertial navigation sensors and systems d. Other equipment essential to the navigation/guidance function k.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. jets or control surfaces or actuators b. and motion sensors c.4. for example: a. pitch. which. yaw.. navigation computers.g. development. That equipment (hardware/software). Associated cabling e. Vehicle state (i.everyspec. speed. Includes. provide guidance and control the flight path and vehicle state (i. Acoustic navigation equipment. Steering and dive control thrusters. development. Associated cabling m.4. pressure housings. speed. accelerometers. for example: a. jets or control surfaces or actuators. Hovering and depth control thrusters. control sensors. Includes.. control sensors. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. yaw. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded.4 Guidance and Control. Associated protective enclosures.5) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. which are included under other WBS elements 179 . velocity and depth sensors e. pressure housings. Electronic Systems.

Homing and Docking Systems. control sensors.5. Electronic Systems. Associated electrical equipment e. I. control sensors. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem.g. antennas. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. hydraulic leak detection sensors or computer built-in-test) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Includes.Downloaded from http://www. necessary for search. pressure housings. motor speed sensors..g. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle for rendezvous.g. assembly. Associated protective enclosures. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Sonars.5.everyspec.2. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Includes. Associated electrical equipment e. Associated cabling d. homing and docking. for example: a. for example: a. for example: a. Hardware/software that is part of other systems I. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. rendezvous and/or tracking c. pressure housings. assembly. for example: a. valves and actuators e. docking sonar b.4. I. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle for malfunction detection and reporting. structural foundations. Health monitoring hardware/software that is an integral part of other systems (e. Health monitoring hardware/software such as temperature and water intrusion sensors that are dedicated to that function and not part of another system b. structural foundations.7 Fire Control. resilient mounts to support the equipment c. for example: a. target identification. Self-contained navigation and air data systems d. Electronic Systems. Associated cabling d.6 Rendezvous. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. resilient mounts to support the equipment c. test.2.5 Health Status Monitoring. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.2.4. Includes. if integral to the fire control system. production.. radars and other sensors including sonar and radomes b..4. development. The design.5. The equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle that provides the intelligence necessary for weapons delivery such as launching and firing. Rendezvous or homing beacon or receiving system. development.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. The design. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. Transducers. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. valves and actuators e. Associated protective enclosures. production. Weapon control and safety devices 180 . test.

6. g..5. Associated electrical equipment e. valves and actuators The design.2. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. structural foundations. control sensors. Electronic countermeasures (ECM) equipment such as radar warning detection systems b. I. These elements should be replaced with other product-oriented Vehicle Command and Control elements that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. I. equipment or unit as an entity NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. development. valves and actuators f.everyspec. resilient mounts to support the equipment d.. for example: a. development. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I e. f. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined.Downloaded from http://www. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.g. assembly. 181 . All vehicle command and control software that cannot be associated with a specific Level 4 element. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded.4. Electronic Systems. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Associated protective enclosures. regardless of the mission...g.n (Specify). and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. test. structural foundations. assembly. pressure housings. control sensors. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. assembly. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle that provides the UMS with situational awareness needed for the operation and safety of the system. The design. Electronic Systems.9 Other Vehicle Command and Control 1. h. production. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.5. Special or mission specific ISR equipment that would be part of a mission payload NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. test. resilient mounts to support the equipment Associated cabling Associated electrical equipment e.2. Electronic Systems. Acoustic intercept systems c. for example: a.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2. Includes.4. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. pressure housings. production. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. Associated protective enclosures. I.4. Associated cabling e.8 Vehicle Command and Control Software Release 1…n. Surveillance. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.

development. Ballast and trim system d.everyspec. maneuvering and stability. including transceivers.. for example: a. stabilizing fins.4. Associated protective enclosures. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. Equipment (hardware/software) associated with controlling the vehicle heading. parts. projectors. antennas. equipment. production. Maneuvering system I. for example: a. pressure housings. amplifiers. I. and associated controls d. a. including transceivers. development. Associated protective enclosures. Rudders.e. valves and actuators h. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail. Includes. Associated cabling g. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Underwater communication systems. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I.2. antennas. and software required to assemble and test the Ship Control parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. amplifiers. The design. resilient mounts to support the equipment e. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the maritime vehicle for communications and identification purposes. for example: a. production. structural foundations. and production of mating surfaces. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Steering and diving control b.2 Steering and Diving Control.4.8. The design. control sensors. development.1 Ship Control System Integration.8 Ship Control Systems. equipment or unit as an entity 182 .2. Associated electrical equipment e. Radio communication system(s). Communication security systems such as identification equipment (IFF) and crypto equipment e. Deployment/retraction mechanisms d. couplers. materials. Control actuators c. Internal data processing communication systems (i. Hovering and depth control c. Associated cabling g. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. driving/surfacing. amplifiers. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements.8. Automatic identification systems (AIS). and associated controls b. test. structures.4. Includes. I. couplers. transducers and associated controls c.2. structural foundations. control sensors. data buses) that are part of other systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.. Assembly. pressure housings. dive planes b. valves and actuators h. Electronic Systems. trim. Test and Checkout.7 Communications/Identification. hydrophones.g. ballast.. assembly. Associated piping f. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. resilient mounts to support the equipment f.g.4.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Associated electrical equipment e. including transceivers.Downloaded from http://www.

Associated electrical equipment such as control sensors. test. assembly. pressure housings.4 Ballast and Trim. for example: a. Ballast and trim systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Associated cabling g. Associated protective enclosures. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. valves and actuators g. Includes. for example: a. development. control sensors.2. Flood. Associated protective enclosures. production. Electronic Systems. or hover. development. production. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. I. test. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. The design. for example: a. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I Excludes. Trim and ballast tanks that are not integral to the hull and structure c.4. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. Deployment/retraction mechanisms c. resilient mounts to support the equipment d. Vehicle buoyancy/trim control software that is part of the guidance and control function 183 .2. Trim and ballast tanks that are integral to the hull structure c. Fixed ballast b. The design. Associated piping f.g.everyspec. resilient mounts to support the equipment e. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Ballast and trim pumps or other mechanisms d.8. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. I. Electronic Systems.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. (hardware/software) associated with controlling a predetermined assigned depth/altitude and to remain. for example: a. Associated cabling f. Includes.Downloaded from http://www.. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Associated electrical equipment e. structural foundations. drain and trim equipment b. Depth control thrusters b. pressure housings.4. Associated piping e. assembly. valves and actuators h. Ballast and trim systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded.3 Hovering and Depth Control Equipment. structural foundations. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle to control vehicle buoyancy and trim. at that predetermined location for a given period of time. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem.8. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes.

anchoring and mooring. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. I. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. resilient mounts to support the equipment d.Downloaded from http://www. assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Associated electrical equipment e.6 Ship Control Systems Software Release 1…n. development. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. I.9 Auxiliary Systems.8. The design. Slow speed propulsion.2.4. usually at slow speeds. test.. control sensors. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Associated cabling f. Trim and ballast tanks that are integral to the hull structure b. for example: a. Includes. mast or buoy deployment mechanisms.4.7 Other Ship Control Systems 1. This element should be replaced with other productoriented ship control system elements that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. I. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.. Electronic Systems. pressure housings.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. test. All ship control systems software that cannot be associated with a specific Level 4 element. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded.8. Associated protective enclosures. test. Steering and diving control NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. assembly.4.2. Electronic Systems.everyspec.. Deployment/retraction mechanisms c. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. environmental control. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Associated piping e.4. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle to assist in controlling the vehicle. Auxiliary support systems for vehicle emergency systems.2.5 Maneuvering System.g. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. if separate from the steering. assembly. steering and/or depth control thrusters b. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Electronic Systems. production. valves and actuators g. sensor or other device deployment. diving and hovering systems. I.n (Specify). NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. structural foundations. on-board launch and recovery mechanisms. 184 .8.2.

use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Electronic Systems.. 185 . valves and actuators g. Assembly. control sensors. Electronic Systems. maneuvering system ) b. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. anti-tamper devices) NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Emergency floatation or scuttling systems b. resilient mounts to support the equipment d. materials. controllers that are part of the vehicle b. The design. pressure housings. parts. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. I. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. mechanisms. Associated piping e.4. The design. Launch and recovery systems that are part of the shipboard equipment NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Rendezvous. recovery lines and floats. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. ballast and trim system.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a.9. development. Launch release mechanisms. assembly. I. production. and software required to assemble and test the Auxiliary parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. structures. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle to provide emergency functions such as surface.. valves and actuators f.2 Emergency Systems. Emergency location devices and actuators c.2. Associated cabling f.g. production. structural foundations. Associated electrical equipment e. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements.g. test. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I.1 Auxiliary Equipment Integration. Associated electrical equipment e.9. Associated cabling e.2.4. Includes. Includes. pressure housings.. and production of mating surfaces. Ship control systems (steering and diving control. control sensors. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. Hardware/software that is integral to other equipment (e. resilient mounts to support the equipment c. devices.everyspec. scuttle.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Associated protective enclosures. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.3 Launch and Recovery Systems. for example: a. homing and docking systems that are part of the vehicle command and control system b.g. development. Associated piping d. development.4. Test and Checkout. Associated protective enclosures. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. equipment. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. hovering and depth control.2. structural foundations.9. for example: a. emergency location aids. That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the vehicle to facilitate or enable launch and recovery.

MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. assembly.4. control sensors.everyspec. heat exchangers. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. I.g. anchors. Equipment that provides capabilities to anchor. production. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. assembly.Downloaded from http://www. moor or tow the UMS. pumps b. valves and actuators j. Associated protective enclosures. resilient mounts to support the equipment f. pressure housings. Heaters. development. refrigerant cooling lines. development. Mooring and towing systems that are part of the shipboard equipment 186 . Mooring and Towing. Temperature or humidity controller e. for example: a. Air refrigeration system. Air ducts.9. structural foundations. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. anchor handling and stowage system. Associated cabling i.4 Environmental Control System.. resilient mounts to support the equipment g. fans) and not integrated with other systems NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. production. Associated electrical equipment e. control sensors. Associated protective enclosures. for example: a. Environmental equipment and distribution systems that provide control of temperature. winches b. pressure housings. pressurization. Mooring and towing cables e. plumbing f. Includes.g. Associated electrical equipment e. I.. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem.2. Includes. or other environmental parameters. Associated piping h. Associated piping g. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. test. deicing equipment d. valves and actuators i. The design.4. The design.2. air or liquid flow regulation system such as compressors.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. computer heat sinks. heater blankets. structural foundations. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. for example: a. The distribution systems provides for air ducts. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. Control actuators c. Humidity or condensation control c.g. Deployment/retraction mechanisms d. Environmental control hardware/software that is an integral part of other systems (e..9. test. Associated cabling h. cooling lines and other plumbing required in supplying air and other cooling media from supply sources to the controlled environment. humidity. liquid cooling system. for example: a.5 Anchoring.

7 Auxiliary Systems Software Release 1…n.4.4. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. Includes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Associated electrical equipment e.g. All auxiliary systems software that cannot be associated with a specific Level 4 element. etc.2.2. Electronic Systems. and checkout of these elements into the Maritime Vehicle is excluded. valves. check valves. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.2. regulators and associated plumbing distribution systems to provide hydraulic power or compensation systems c. Electronic Systems. assembly. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. resilient mounts to support the equipment f. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. test. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. That interconnect the hydraulic equipment d. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. I. development. Associated piping g.2.10 Vehicle Software Release 1…n.9. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Pumps. Equipment that provides miscellaneous fluid systems. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. All maritime vehicle software that cannot be associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 element.Downloaded from http://www. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.. Fluid system hardware/software that is an integral part of other systems (e. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. I. I.8 Other Auxiliary 1…n (Specify). test. for example: a. Hydraulic power for the actuation mechanical systems such as mast or thruster deployment. valves and actuators i. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem.4.9. flight control surfaces b. structural foundations. local motor lubrication or hydraulic system) and not integrated with other systems I.9. Associated cabling h. assembly. Hydraulic tubing.. production. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented auxiliary elements that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Associated protective enclosures. for example: a. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. The design.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. pressure housings. Fire extinguishing systems e.4. control sensors. accumulators. 187 .6 Miscellaneous Fluid Systems.everyspec. reservoirs.g.

Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in. acoustic jammers. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem.. Payload controller g. bio/chemical detection sensors.3. I. Examples of other payloads include targeting and ranging systems. development. production. structures. parts. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail. assembly.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. meteorological sensors. In addition to the types of payloads listed below. Data link h. and software required to assemble and test the payload suite parts and subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements. chaff. an UM system may also have other payloads. infra-red jammers.g. they too should be represented within the WBS structure at Level 3 below the Level 2 Payload element. electro-optic. structural foundations. Reconnaissance (ISR) Payload 1…n (Specify). development. valves and actuators k. Sensor data recorders e. Sensors or processing provided for vehicle functions required for all or most missions 188 .1 Payload Integration. pressure housings. parts. jamming transmitters. Includes. interconnect harnessing and software required for the integration. structures. for example: a. Surveillance. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. and production of mating surfaces. Assembly. and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded.3 Payload 1…n (Specify). or attached to. infrared. materials. Acoustic sensors b. RF sensors c. This element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. development. test and checkout of the above Level 3 subsystems equipment (hardware/software) elements into their Level 2 element. Associated protective enclosures. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I. and other devices typical of this mission function NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Unmanned Maritime Systems (UMSs) may have a single or multiple payloads represented at Level 3 of the WBS. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Test and Checkout. I. warning devices and other electronic devices.3 Intelligence. test.4. the marine vehicle necessary to provide capabilities peculiar to the ISR mission.4. Test and Checkout. If a UM system has other payloads. I. the maritime vehicle that assists in penetration for mission accomplishment. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions for further detail.4.Downloaded from http://www. Photographic. Sensor processing f. Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. countermeasures. and communication relay systems. equipment.everyspec. resilient mounts to support the equipment i. for example: a. materials. Electronic Systems. control sensors.11 Vehicle Integration.3.3. Associated electrical equipment e.2. and production of mating surfaces. I. for example: a. The design. Maritime Vehicle Segment Reference Appendix L: Common Elements. Includes.4. Associated cabling j. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes.2 Survivability Payload 1…n (Specify). assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Those equipments (hardware/software) installed in.4. electronic countermeasures. Sonar or radar detection receivers. equipment. and other sensors d. or attached to.

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NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded.

I.4.3.4 Armament/Weapons Delivery Payload 1…n (Specify). That equipment (hardware/software)
installed in the maritime vehicle to provide the firepower functions and weapons delivery capability.
Includes, for example:
a. Torpedoes, mines, guns, high energy weapons, mounts, turrets, weapon direction equipment,
ammunition feed and ejection mechanisms, and gun cameras
b. Launchers, pods, torpedo or mine racks, pylons, integral release mechanisms, and other mechanical or
electro-mechanical equipments specifically oriented to the weapons delivery function
c. Associated protective enclosures, pressure housings, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support
the equipment
d. Associated piping
e. Associated cabling
f. Associated electrical equipment such as control sensors, valves and actuators
g. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity
Excludes, for example:
a. Navigation or fire control

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded.

I.4.3.5. Mission Payload 1…n (Specify). That equipment (hardware/software) installed in the maritime
vehicle to provide a mission specific capability not listed above.
Includes, for example:
a. Mine warfare (MIW) including offensive mining and/or mine countermeasures (MCM)
b. Anti-submarine warfare (ASW)
c. Electronic warfare (EW) to include electronic countermeasures, jamming transmitters, chaff, infra-red
jammers, other jamming equipment, electromagnetic deception equipment, or weapons that use
electromagnetic or directed energy such as laser, RF weapons, or particle beams
d. Information operations (IO), oceanography, or other payload equipment specific to a Naval Warfare
mission
e. Associated protective enclosures, pressure housings, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support
the equipment
f. Associated piping
g. Associated cabling
h. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
i. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.

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NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded.

I.4.3.6 Payload Software Release 1…n. All payload software not associated with a specific Level 3 payload
element.
NOTE: Refer to Appendix B, Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software.

I.4.3.7 Other Payload 1…n (Specify). Any other product or equipment not already mentioned in the above
definition, but that is also transported or delivered by the UMS.

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Payload is excluded.

I.4.4 Shipboard (or Shore Based) Segment. The shipboard (or shore based) segment of the UMS includes
all shipboard (or shore based) equipment (hardware/software) that provides command and control, communication,
power generation, conditioning and distribution, launch/recovery, storage, handling and auxiliary support
capabilities deployed on the host platform. This equipment is used during pre-launch, launch, mission/sortie,
recovery, and post-recovery operations.
Includes, for example:
a. Design, development, and production of complete units (for example, the prototype or operationally
configured units, which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications, regardless of end
use)
b. Integration and test of subsystems into the shipboard systems
I.4.4.1 Shipboard (or Shore) Segment Integration, Assembly Test and Checkout. All efforts as identified in
Appendix L: Common Elements, Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions, to provide the integration, assembly,
test, and checkout of all elements into the Shipboard/host deployed system to form the maritime vehicle as a whole.
I.4.4.2 Shipboard (or Shore Based) Unmanned Maritime System Command and Control. Equipment
(hardware/software) that provides the capability to command and control the unmanned vehicle from the ship,
deployment platform or shore based facility. Command and control functions are performed through an arrangement
of personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, procedures and systems employed by a commander or
command team in planning, directing, coordinating, and controlling the UMS and its operations in the
accomplishment of the mission.
Includes, for example:
a. Operator control console(s), computers, software, algorithms
b. Mission planning console(s), computers, software, algorithms
c. Shipboard communication equipment
d. Integration and test of subsystems into the shipboard systems
e. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
f. Associated cabling
g. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
h. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity

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Excludes, for example:
a. Command and control equipment located in or on the UM system

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.2.1 Unmanned Maritime System Control Console(s). Equipment (hardware/software) that provides
shipboard operator(s) with the capabilities to plan, checkout, launch/recover, control, communicate with, and/or
operate one or more UMSs and/or payloads. Note – there may be more than one operator console, such as a vehicle
control console, a mission planning console, and a payload control console.
Includes, for example:
a. Equipment (hardware/software) that provides the mission planning capability by which goals,
constraints, capabilities, and environmental data are processed to create a plan to include tactical goals,
a route (general or specific), command structure, coordination, and timing. Plans can be generated
either in advance by authorized clients or in real-time by the onboard software systems by or external
control. (Source: ASTM F 2541 – 06, Standard Guide for Unmanned Undersea Vehicles (UUV)
Autonomy and Control)
b. Equipment (hardware/software) that provides post-mission analysis capability, which may include
extraction, review, and/or analysis of mission data and results, generation of mission reports, and
archiving data

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.2.2 Payload Control Console(s). Equipment (hardware/software) that provides shipboard operator(s)
with the capabilities to plan, checkout, control, communicate with, and/or operate one or more UMSs payloads.
There may be more than one operator console, for example, a vehicle control console, a mission planning console,
and a payload control console.
Includes, for example:
a. Equipment (hardware/software) that provides the capability to directly control the payload from the
ship, deployment platform or shore facility
b. Payload control computers, software, algorithms
c. Payload planning computers, software, algorithms
d. Dedicated payload communication equipment
e. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
f. Associated cabling
g. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
h. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity
i. Equipment (hardware/software) that provides for the storage, retrieval or dissemination of payload data
j. Computers, software, data storage and recording devices
k. Equipment (hardware/software) that provides information processing, operations (e.g., handling,
merging, sorting, and computing) of payload data

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Excludes, for example:
a. Payload control equipment that is part of the vehicle command and control system
b. Payload control equipment located in or on the UMS
c. Data storage equipment that is part of the vehicle command and control system
d. Data processing equipment that is part of the vehicle command and control system

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.3 Shipboard (or Shore Based) Communication Subsystem. This subsystem includes shipboard
equipment (hardware/software) to provide communications with unmanned maritime systems, other manned or
unmanned air, surface and subsurface vehicles, satellites and/or ground stations. This subsystem supports all
shipboard subsystems that require the capability to prepare and output commands to, and receive and process data
from, the maritime vehicle while in operation or under test.
Includes, for example:
a. Network, computer processing and display hardware such as routers, switches, servers, workstations,
storage devices, etc.
b. Software for handling, processing, and executing maritime vehicle commands, as well as processing
and analyzing maritime vehicle telemetry
c. RF, laser, or acoustic antennas, transmitters, receivers, processing, etc.
d. Communication enclosures (e.g., ISO van), factory/contractor support facility, initial support and
support equipment
e. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
f. Associated piping
g. Associated cabling
h. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
i. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity
Excludes, for example:
a. Communication equipment that is organic to the ship

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.4 Shipboard (or Shore Based) Power Subsystem. Equipment (hardware/software) associated with
generating, conditioning, monitoring, controlling and distribution of power to shipboard components of the UMS.
Includes, for example:
a. Electric power generation such as a diesel power generator dedicated to the UMS
b. Power distribution switchboards, circuit protection, power distribution system
c. Ground fault detection and interruption
d. Power monitor and control system
e. Battery charging system
f. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
g. Associated cabling

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APPENDIX I
h.
i.

Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity

Excludes, for example:
a. Power generation and distribution equipment that is organic to the host ship or shore facility

NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.5 Launch and Recovery Equipment. Equipment that provides the capability to launch and recover
unmanned surface or underwater vehicles from a ship or shore based facility.
Includes, for example:
a. Launch and recovery ramps, track systems, lifting equipment
b. Vehicle capture and release mechanisms installed on the ship or dockside equipment
c. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
d. Associated piping
e. Associated cabling
f. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
g. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity
Excludes, for example:
a. Handling and lifting equipment that is organic to the ship or dockside facility and not dedicated to
support of UMS
b. Rendezvous, homing and docking sensors/systems used to control the vehicle
NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected, use the structure and definitions in Appendix B,
Electronic Systems.
NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration,
assembly, test, and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.

I.4.4.6 Storage Subsystem. Equipment that provides shipboard (or Shore Based) storage of the vehicle and
its equipment.
Includes, for example:
a. Shipboard (or shore based) storage van/shelter, maintenance van/shelter, equipment storage containers
b. Self contained heating, air conditioning or other environmental control systems
c. Self contained power conversion and distribution equipment
d. Associated protective enclosures, structural foundations, resilient mounts to support the equipment
e. Associated piping
f. Associated cabling
g. Associated electrical equipment e.g., control sensors, valves and actuators
h. The design, development, production, assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem, equipment or
unit as an entity

193

4. equipment not allocable to individual elements equipment. structural foundations. The design.g. Other peculiar support equipment such as special test equipment that is needed for intermediate or depot level maintenance. shelters or other enclosures located at dockside facilities that are not dedicated to support of UMS system NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Associated protective enclosures. Shipboard (or shore based) equipment dedicated to handling the vehicle. Associated piping f. lifting equipment b. test.4. for example: a. Associated cabling e. Associated protective enclosures. hydraulic system support equipment. Battery charging equipment. structural foundations.. production. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. Launch and recovery system b. for example: a. valves and actuators f. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. track systems. for example: a. for example: a. Electronic Systems further breakout and definitions for Software. Auxiliary shipboard/shore based systems.Downloaded from http://www. valves and actuators h. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. maintenance cradles. Dollies. 194 . All Shipboard software not associated with a specific Level 3 or Level 4 elements.9 Shipboard Software Release 1…n. Associated cabling g. Associated piping d. resilient mounts to support the equipment c.7 Vehicle Handling Equipment. for example: a. but not shipboard operation and maintenance I. pressure housing dry nitrogen backfill equipment b. assembly. development.4. assembly and test efforts to provide the subsystem. resilient mounts to support the equipment e. and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded.everyspec. Integral power and control systems c. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. Includes. Integral electrical or hydraulic systems d. Associated electrical equipment such as control sensors. production. equipment or unit as an entity Excludes. Includes. Buildings. The design. Handling and lifting equipment that is organic to the ship and not dedicated to support of UMS I.8 Shipboard (or Shore Based) Auxiliary Equipment.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I Excludes. development.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. I.4.4. refrigerant purge/charge equipment. Electronic Systems. Associated electrical equipment e. control sensors.

Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Unmanned Maritime.4. or any other special transport systems used in the relocation of the prime mission equipment so that it may perform its mission. This element should be replaced with other productoriented auxiliary elements that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. assembly. Ship or shore based handling equipment I. for example: a. development. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. launch.4. Includes. and production of complete units (i. and direct maintenance personnel.6 Transportation Segment or Vehicles. 195 .4. handling and auxiliary support capabilities at a temporary or permanent shore base supporting UMSs. and postrecovery operations. Includes. All efforts as identified in Appendix L: Common Elements. conditioning and distribution. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. Integration and test of subsystems into the shore based systems I. Sub-elements to the shipboard segment found under I.4 b.4. regardless of end use) c. Any vehicles that have been specifically designed or modified for the transportation of the unmanned maritime vehicles. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. This is essentially the same type of equipment that would be included in the Shipboard Segment. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. mission/sortie. Transport trailers that are dedicated to the Unmanned Maritime Systems and its equipment Excludes.4. if any. which satisfy the requirements of their applicable specifications. to provide the integration.Downloaded from http://www. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX I I. and all other defense materiel items. I.7 Unmanned Maritime System Software Release 1…n. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 3 WBS elements and the integration. Most UMSs are ship deployed. All UMS system level software not associated with a specific Level 3 or 4 element. Work Breakdown Structures and Definitions. and checkout of these elements into the Shipboard Segment is excluded. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.4. but some systems may be launched and recovered from a shore base. storage. test. crew. for example: a. shipboard equipment or other mission equipment. or some systems may include both segments. that provides command and control. maintenance equipment.8 UMS System Integration Assembly Test and Checkout. and checkout of all elements into the maritime vehicle to form the unmanned maritime system as a whole..com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. power generation.10 Other Shipboard Subsystems 1…n (Specify). Electronic Systems. The Shore Segment of the UMS includes all shore based equipment (hardware/software). the prototype or operationally configured units.4.everyspec.9 Common WBS Elements. payloads. I. launch/recovery. test.e. Design. shipboard segment and shore segment systems to form the UMS system. I. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. recovery. This includes any vehicles used to perform movement of the prime mission vehicle.4. communication.5 Shore Segment. Includes efforts associated with integrating the maritime vehicle. A system may have only a Shipboard or Shore Segment. assembly. This equipment is used during pre-launch.

org/ansidocstore/default. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore. NJ 08855-1331 www. 4th Floor New York.12-1990 (R2002). NY. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions and common elements applied uniquely to Launch Vehicles are in Section L.5 of Appendix L.2.Downloaded from http://www.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS J.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions Launch Vehicle Systems. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J APPENDIX J: LAUNCH VEHICLE SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS J. Inc. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.everyspec.ansi. This WBS applies to interplanetary and earth orbital missions. The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.ieee. (IEEE) Service Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. J.asp ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. 1 Non-Government publications.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.org 196 . This WBS is not intended for weapon systems. Definitions for WBS elements common to all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements.

1.4 1.2.2 1.9 1.5 1.4.1 1.4.2 1.4 1.2.4.2.3 1.3.n (Specify) SEIT/PM Vehicle Processing and Checkout Mission Services Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Operations) 1…n (Specify) Space Vehicle Processing Launch Flight Operations Post Launch Recovery Operations and Services Post Launch Refurbishment Site Maintenance Base Support Range Tracking & Safety (Ground) Range Ground System Range Operations Launch Site 1…n (Specify) SEIT/PM Operational/Site Activation Peculiar Support Equipment 197 .5.everyspec.4.2.0 1.2 1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.4.4 1.6 1.4 1.2.2.2. Integration.1.3 1.1 1.n (Specify) Launch Operations Site 1.2.6 1.4.4.4 1.2 1.2..1 1.2.6. Program Management (SEIT/PM) System Engineering (SE) Integration and Test Program Management Launch Vehicle SEIT/PM Stages 1…n (Specify) SEIT/PM Structures and Mechanisms Propulsions System Reaction Control System Recovery System Environmental Control System Stage Peculiar Avionics Other Systems 1…n (Specify) Payload Accommodations 1…n (Specify) SEIT/PM Payload Fairing Payload Adapter (Pedestals) Mission Unique Hardware (Launch vehicle) 1…n (Specify) Avionics SEIT/PM Guidance navigation and Control Power Data Acquisition and Telemetry Range Tracking & Safety (Airborne) Flight Software Release 1…n Other Avionics 1…n (Specify) Mission Integration and Analysis 1…f (Specify) Mission Standard Integration & Analysis Mission Unique Integration & Analysis 1.3 1.3.2 1.9.2..2.4.1 1.2.1.7 1.2.4.2.2 1.2.5.3 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4.5 1.2.2.4.2.8 1.3 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Launch Vehicle System System Engineering.4.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2.Downloaded from http://www.2.2 1.2.1 1.2 1.4.5 1.4.4.5 1.2.2 1.2.1 1.3 1.2.2.3.3. Test.4 1.6 1.2.6.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J.4.4.3.2.2.3.3.7 1.9..7 1.2 1.3.1 1.1 1.5.4.2.4.2.2 1.3 1.4.8 1..4.

12 Ground Command. section L.2 1.5.n) after WBS element titles where the element may have multiple unique occurrences.3. J..11 1.9 1.2 1.n) shall be replaced with a specific name for the item.1 1.g. Control and Communication Other Ground 1…n (Specify) System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups/System Integration labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts J.8. Program Management (SEIT/PM) and Operational Site Activation for Launch Vehicles.6. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J 1.8. The program WBS index shall describe the element(s) and avoid any reference to ―other‖.. and program management (SEIT/PM).3.8.1 1.7. and element (product) levels are restricted to products that have not been envisioned or predicted in the other defined WBS elements.5 1.n)..5.1 1.9.1 1.4 1.4.Downloaded from http://www.6.everyspec. systems engineering.11.10.7 1.6.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L).5. For Launch Vehicles.2 1.11.4. the (1.8.3. The Other WBS elements at the system.6. Common elements are found throughout all levels of a WBS and are located one WBS level below the product oriented WBS they support (e. such as training or data. NOTE: The (1…f) convention is similar to the 1…n convention above. subsystem.1 1. Launch Vehicle SEIT/PM would be captured at Level 3 under the Launch Vehicle element).9. 198 . In addition the WBS dictionary should clearly define the elements. Control and Communications (GC3) SEIT/PM Command. The WBS structure is not complete without the application of common elements.3 Use of ―Other‖ WBS Elements.1 1. When creating the WBS for a specific program or contract.2 Application of (1.1 1.7.5 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. as applicable.4.. Integration and Test.5..3 1..4 1.11.6 1. as a minimum.10.7.8 1. reference Appendix L. the common WBS elements must include.4 1..6. This document uses a (1.2 1.3 1.2 1. integration and test.2 1.3 1.8.2 1. This element should only be used when all other elements have been thoroughly examined and do not fit the definition of the ―other‖ product.5.3 1. For the uniquely applied System Engineering. and (1…f) convention. should be included in the WBS structure. but is refers to different payload “flight” configurations.3 1. J. Definitions for all common elements are in Appendix L. Other common elements.10 1.

or high technical interest. for example. depending on how software is developed. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. This is called the 100% rule. For example. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost.everyspec. and receiver.. It may include functionality for the receiver as well. However. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. 2) In each of the appendices. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. Therefore. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. and performance.Downloaded from http://www. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. Under normal circumstances. schedule. 199 . antenna. however. If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. These "other" elements would be used if. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5.e. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security.5. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. In addition. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements . several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility. a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. even after contract award. For example. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C.3.3. The numbering system is numeric. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. but only for those elements.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers.1. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level. In each appendix. 4) In some cases. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support.3. J.4 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C.5 Numbering of the WBS. For those elements. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). J. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. threat. it should be included within that element. high risk. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes.transmitter.

The Launch Vehicle is an earth-to-space transfer vehicle that is self propelled after leaving its launching platform.2. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example. refurbishment. The complex of equipment (Hardware/Software). it is typically separated from the active portion of the Launch Vehicle to improve efficiency and eliminate unnecessary mass. test and evaluation. For example. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖).1 Stages 1…n. launch operations support and support of the Stages of the Launch Vehicle. During flight. trajectory and orbit. The numeric ―Stage‖ numbering continues until the stage below the payload and launch vehicle adapters.g. Includes. assembly. etc. assembly. The purpose of each stage is to propel the remaining portion of the Launch Vehicle and/or Space Vehicles to a certain elevation. Includes all resources associated with the design.4. Stage 4.4.3.5.2.5. Requalification and inventory restock due to obsolescence and/or shelf life NOTE: For lower level Common Elements. It can be expendable or reusable as it relates to the delivery of payloads to specific trajectories or orbits in space. All applicable stages b. 1. Includes all resources associated with the design. for example: a.1.4 DEFINITIONS J. development. (Stage 3). and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below.2.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 1.. development. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor J. and launch operations support of the entire Launch Vehicle. SEIT/PM.1. a multi-stage Launch Vehicle could consist of a liquid core booster stage (Stage 1) with attached solid rocket motors (Stage 2).1 Launch Vehicle System. integration. A launch vehicle can be comprised of multiple (expandable and/or reusable) stages (1…n). integration. Avionics d. refurbishment.3. facilities and all of the resources associated with the design. the parent WBS (e.2. production. production. and with additional sequential numbered stages being liquid (or solid) propulsion system. J. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. known as ―strap-ons‖.. and so forth. development. and operation of the entire payload lift Launch Vehicle System required to insert the Space Vehicle or probe into a space orbit/trajectory. as each stage is expended. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. integration.1. J. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖).1. reference Appendix L section L. production. configuration and the specific mission..Downloaded from http://www. e.4.1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J.2. Payload accommodations c. test and evaluation. As an example. 1.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. Where this structure occurs. Launch Vehicle.2. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example. The elements of a Stage may include a wide variety of sub-systems depending on the design. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible. test. refurbishment. 1.everyspec. 200 .2.g.

Components associated with Thrust Vector Control (TVC) and fuel/oxidizer liquid management (i. Stage separation mechanisms such as ordnance bolts and springs (e. refurbishment. electro-servo. valves. fins. for example: a. liquid rocket engines. for example: a.g. Miscellaneous deployment devices. Wings. gas.2.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a.2 Propulsion System. pumps. integration. Includes. nose cones and miscellaneous mounting brackets and supporting structures Examples of Mechanisms include a. fuel and oxidizer injectors.4.). and/or air-breathing technologies.2. b. refurbishment. Mechanical elements for the Launch Vehicle stages containing structural members that serve some functional mechanical movements that interfaces with other dynamic or static elements or subsystems. electro-mechanical signals and are attached to the air vehicle body b. development. pressurization system and/or pressure control. lines and tubing. launch operations support. Includes all resources associated with the design. landing gear and struts Excludes.. intertank adapters and connectors. The total propulsion system may be composed of one or more subsystems that ignite. pyrotechnic or hydraulic forces c. mounting surfaces and physical structures and tanks such as environmental protection for the Launch Vehicle stage elements b.) 201 .1 Structures and Mechanisms. pyrotechnic valves and bolts) d. cords and wiring with associated brackets. skirts. retro rockets. launch operations support and support of the Structures and Mechanisms element of the Launch Vehicle. Other mechanisms and support structures that are not defined elsewhere within the WBS and are cost separable Examples of Structures include: a. start cartridges and engine/motor performance sensors c. Environmental control systems deemed necessary g.e. Propulsion system c.. Individual subsystems may employ solid. Stage peculiar avionics J. Thrust structure.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. The structural framework that provides the aerodynamic shape. and fuel tanks that are integral with the structure c. valves (mechanical. Reaction control system. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J Includes. production. fasteners and grommets d. Electrical harnesses. The Propulsion System includes the equipment to provide thrust to propel the launch vehicle on its intended flight. interstage adapters. stays. bell-housing.4. feed lines. Paint and corrosion control e. e. test and evaluation. Mechanical elements may be actuated by electrical. heat shields. integration. Includes. liquid. test and evaluation. and support of the Propulsion System element of the Launch Vehicle. Power systems d. development. Structures and mechanisms (including operational ordnances and range safety ordnances).1. Structural body assemblies including the structure. Adapters that fall under payload accommodations J. and/or air breathing engines b. actuators etc.everyspec. Includes all resources associated with the design. canards and other control surfaces that provide aerodynamic flight control in response to actuators. staging motors. pipe and tube lines. production. and may (or may not) be jettisoned sequentially over the course of flight. pumps. Recovery system (if required) f. Primary propulsion elements such as solid rocket motors. tails.1. burn. for example: a. pyrotechnic etc. Subsystems required to generate propulsion such as manifolds.

production. warm gas. included under the Guidance Navigation and Control element) with the only interface being a signal to a valve. which are included under Recovery Operations and Services NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. The RCS often uses combinations of large and smaller (vernier) thrusters (e. assembly.g. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. propellant tanks. Impact resilient devices g.everyspec.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. methods of sequencing and deploying these parachutes and parachute separation components e. providing torque to allow control of rotation (pitch. Electronic Systems. and support of the RCS element of the Launch Vehicle. J. gas tanks. Location aids that assist in the search and retrieval operations for the expended elements Excludes.3 Reaction Control System (RCS). test. valves. Includes. lines. cold gas. test and evaluation. etc. assembly. The RCS is capable of providing small amounts of thrust in any desired direction or combination of directions. Includes all resources associated with the design. manifolds. Equipment used to facilitate recovery and transport operations d. refurbishment. Recovery operations and services. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B.4 Recovery System.4. for example: a. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. to allow different levels of response from the combination. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. and support of the Recovery System element of the Launch Vehicle. and roll). Items used to protect hardware being recovered from adverse environmental elements c. Electronic Systems. All of the thrusters. Includes. refurbishment.. associated with the RCS Excludes. Equipment required to control final descent velocity and attitude after separation. development. b. solid propellant). for example: a.2. test. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration.Downloaded from http://www. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. integration. J. The thrust vector control (TVC) system associated with the main propulsion system. Electronic Systems.. launch operation support.1. liquid propellant. launch operation support. which is included within the Propulsion System NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. The RCS includes hardware resident on a stage used for attitude control and steering. test and evaluation.e. development. integration. 202 . production. The control system or elements of the control system if these are separate from the RCS (i.1. Parachutes. for example: a.2. actuators or distributor on the RCS b. yaw.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. Includes all resources associated with the design. Flotation and/or landing pad devices and/or landing gear f.

test and evaluation. J. development. and louvers and sunshields c.n. test.2 Payload Accommodations 1. for example: a. coatings. Electronic Systems. refurbishment and support of any avionics elements whose functionality is specifically associated with Stages 1. Electronic Systems. The ECS is used to maintain and control an appropriate heat balance between absorbed radiation. thermal paint. test and evaluation. production. Stage peculiar avionics is separate from the main launch vehicle avionics system. heat shield tiles. This element also includes all physical mechanical/electrical 203 . test and evaluation. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Includes all resources associated with the design. Passive thermal control elements that may include radiator panels/fins. Acoustic or shock absorbing materials or devices NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. resulting in successful delivery of the Space Vehicle to the specified orbit to meet mission requirements. conductive structures and materials.2. assembly..4. Active thermal control elements that may include pumped-loop systems. heaters and mechanical refrigerators b. assembly..5 Environmental Control System.7 Other Systems (Specify). Power elements such as batteries and harnesses that provide and distribute power to components located on a specific Stage b.1.4. The purpose of the Payload Accommodations is to assure the payload arrives at its final destination safely. It includes both active and passive thermal control (as applicable). integration.1. production. integration. test..4. telemetry.1.2. J. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented stage subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. test. heat pipes. Includes all resources associated with the design. assembly. refurbishment.. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Separate and independent avionics (power systems. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. Includes all resources associated with the design. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. In order to deliver a payload to its intended orbit/trajectory certain considerations must be taken into account to protect the payload from unacceptable environmental conditions during flight. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. J. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.n (Specify). development. and support required to implement the physical integration of the Space Vehicle(s) with the Launch Vehicle. internal heat dissipation and emitted energy within the Stage(s). use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. insulation. and support of the ECS for the Launch Vehicle.Downloaded from http://www. command and control) for an Upper Stage for transfer orbital insertions J. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. production.4.2. development.everyspec.6 Stage Peculiar Avionics. launch operation support. Includes.2. refurbishment. Instrumentation componentry used for collecting in-flight data form a specific Stage c. for example: a. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. integration. launch operation support. Includes.

3. The hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements to the Payload Adapter.everyspec. and support of the Payload Fairing element of the Launch Vehicle.. Includes. Linear pyrotechnic separation cords d.4. panels. but it is typically a more complex shell or frame structural assembly.Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Vehicle) 1.1 Payload Fairings. integration.3. launch operation support. booster adapter or payload attach fitting or pedestal.4. Payload Accommodations includes the following elements.2. such as an interstage adapter or boat tail Excludes. including thermal paint. Payload access windows and doors J.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. The engineering and analysis activities performed to define mission unique hardware requirements (included under WBS J.2 Mission Unique Integration and Analysis 1.n (Specify)) b. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J interfaces between the Launch Vehicle and Space Vehicle. launch operation support. heat shields and tiles or any other active or passive means necessary to maintain appropriate temperature of the shroud and mission equipment within it. production. through atmospheric phase of the launch vehicle flight.Mission Unique Hardware 1. cords and plugs Excludes. It can be as simple as a snap ring device. Includes. modules and nose assemblies) and mechanisms b.3 .n (Specify) 204 .4. Includes.. Payload fairing b. refurbishment. integration. which vary as a function of mission requirements. This element may be called a payload adapter. Mission unique hardware J. which are included under WBS J. for example: a. Adapters located between Space Vehicles on a multi-launch configuration f. for example: a.2.g. for example: a.2.Downloaded from http://www.2. The engineering and analysis activities performed to define mission unique hardware requirements (included under WBS J. refurbishment.3 . which are included under WBS J.2. Adapter structures and Space Vehicle(s) separation mechanisms for each payload b. development. Thermal blankets and/or installations e. production. test and evaluation.n (Specify) c. The Payload Adapter includes the physical mechanical and electrical interface between the Launch Vehicle's uppermost stage and the Space Vehicle’s attach points. for example: a. for example: a. insulation. test and evaluation.4.2.. structural interface required between the shroud and launch vehicle. as applicable. Harnesses. The Payload Fairing provides this protection from encapsulation of the Space Vehicle and its upper stage. Attachment and release devices/deployment devices d. Includes all resources associated with the design.2 Payload Adapter.2. and support of the Payload Adapter element of the Launch Vehicle. Separation ordnance and other necessary mechanisms to assure that the payload fairing successfully separates from the launch vehicle and space vehicle c. The hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements to the Payload Adapter. development.. Includes all resources associated with the design. Hardware and brackets c. Payload fairing structure (e.2-Mission Unique Integration and Analysis 1.n (Specify) b. Umbilical provisions e. Environmental control systems. The Payload Fairing consists of the aerodynamic shroud and equipment mated to the launch vehicle that protects the Space Vehicle from external environments and contamination.2.4.. Payload adapter c.4.

velocity and attitude and 3) control implementing guidance commands to achieve propulsion deflections or changes in thrust vector. for example: a. airborne) element. Guidance elements are used for generating or receiving telemetry data to produce command and control signals. development. Guidance Navigation and Control (GN&C) c. During the Launch Vehicle flight trajectory. refurbishment.. Umbilical retract system d.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a.4. non-standard) Space Vehicle electrical/mechanical interface requirements with the Launch Vehicle (i.3. data acquisition. Adapters for Space Vehicle b.3 Avionics. The flight termination system(s) used to intentionally destroy the Launch Vehicle if needed and determined by Flight Range Safety Excludes. test and evaluation. The software resident within the on-board Inertial Navigation Unit (INU) (or equivalent) and Flight Control Subsystem (FCS) processor of the Launch Vehicle avionics system d. prelaunch and flight states of the launch vehicle c.2.2. production.3 Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Vehicle) 1.e. GPS receiver 205 . Spin table for Space Vehicle c. Physical control such as Thrust Vector Control (TVC) and Reaction Control System (RCS) b.e. Mission Services included in WBS Element – J. The engineering and analysis activities performed to define mission unique hardware requirements (included under WBS J. Includes all resources required to produce and install mission hardware necessary to meet mission unique (i.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. Gyros d.n (Specify) b.. Altimeters f. GN&C components determine and provide (autonomously) the following functions: 1) guidance ..2. integration. Inertial measurement unit (IMU) b. Flight software to support all processing activities associated with the power-up..steering the vehicle to its final target.4. Inertial navigation unit (INU) c. Power.2. production. integration.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J. Air conditioning ducting Excludes. Instrumentation elements are used for collecting specified vehicle performance and health data and relaying these data to the telemetry collection system. refurbishment. Includes. communications and other Avionics functions required for a specific Launch Vehicle b. launch operation support and support of the GN&C element.3. Includes.. Flight computer g.1 Guidance Navigation and Control (GN&C).1 Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Operations) 1. Accelerometers e. for example: a. Control units h.4.2.everyspec.n (Specify). test and evaluation. for example: a.n (Specify) J.4.4. launch operation support and support of the Avionics element of the Launch Vehicle. development.determining the vehicle's position. The hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements associated with Launch Operations . Includes all resources associated with the design.4. Includes. The purpose of the GN&C system is to achieve precise injection of the Space Vehicle into its required orbit while maintaining Launch Vehicle stability and control. Includes all resources associated with the design. Power systems and batteries J.2 -Mission Unique Integration and Analysis 1. 2) navigation .

2 Propulsion Systems J. Flight Termination System (FTS). for example: a. Electronic Systems. refurbishment. The tracking system enables ground tracking and airborne/space radar systems to accurately track the vehicle through its flight b. integration. batteries) for the Flight Termination System (FTS). for example: a. regulation. after receiving data from the data acquisition system. production. for example: a. which provides Range Safety. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Batteries b. which provides launch vehicle and payload conditioned. test and evaluation. or autonomously after the detection of a vehicle break-up.g. Power conditioners d. integration. temperature.. launch operation support and support of the Data Acquisition and Telemetry element of the Launch Vehicle. test. distribution and switching of electrical energy to Launch Vehicle components.3.3. encodes and modulates.everyspec. integration.2. launch and post-flight operations b.Downloaded from http://www. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Global Positioning System. development. launch operation support and support of the Power element of the Launch Vehicle.g. Switches e. The data acquisition system. the capability to destroy the launch vehicle during non-nominal performance either by secure radio link (i. development. storage. Includes all resources associated with the design. production. Generators c. encrypts. and transmits the data via a telemetry transmitter NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.1. which is included under WBS J.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J Excludes. which are included under Range Tracking and Safety J. Includes all resources associated with the design.4. refurbishment.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Power components (e. Excludes. test and evaluation.2 Power. Transponders and antennas for telemetry data and for command and control instructions c.g.2.3.. Includes. command destruct system).4. The Power element includes equipment required for generation.2. fuel and liquid levels. vehicle health and system performance information (e.2. or unintentional separation of launch vehicle stages (automatic destruct system) 206 . vibration. assembly. development.4 Range Tracking and Safety (Airborne). Control actuators such as the Thrust Vector Control (TVC) for the main propulsion system. Distribution harnesses and cables f. C-Band receivers and transmitters) that provides the necessary data to determine vehicle position in support of the Flight Termination System (FTS) from liftoff through park orbit insertion. refurbishment. which. The telemetry system. launch operation support and support of the Range Tracking and Safety system. The Data Acquisition and Telemetry system provides the means of collecting and transmitting measured instrumentation data either directly back to a ground receiving station or indirectly via an airborne or space-based relay communication asset. Includes. guidance and navigation data. Includes all resources associated with the design. pressures and G-force) during pre-launch.3 Data Acquisition and Telemetry. digitized. for example: a.4. J. conversion. for example: a. On-board tracking system (e. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. Includes. test and evaluation.. Connectors.e. production.4.

for example: a. Electronic Systems for further breakout and definitions for Software. pyrotechnic initiators. safe/arm devices.Downloaded from http://www. Mission design and performance definition c.3. J. analysis and management resources required to define the airborne and ground mission hardware and software necessary to meet mission unique (i.3. antennas.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.4. and destruct ordnance NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. test. Mission Integration Control Documentation (ICD) b. Integrated launch vehicle/Space Vehicle thermal analysis h. Electronic Systems. Space Vehicle separation analysis i. Environmental analysis e. assembly. All avionics flight software not associated with a specific Level 4 element. Post launch/flight analysis k. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. Includes all resources associated with the design. Includes all engineering. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented avionics subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. Includes both the Standard and Mission Unique integration and analysis efforts required to define integration requirements to unite the Space Vehicle with the Launch System to achieve the specified orbit. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. J.4. J. test.3 Mission Integration and Analysis (1…f).3. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J d.6 Other Avionics (Specify).2 Mission Unique Integration and Analysis (1…n). Launch vehicle/Space Vehicle coupled loads analysis g. electrical analysis j.1 Mission Standard Integration and Analysis.3. NOTE: Refer to Appendix B. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected..5 Flight Software Release 1…n. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. command receiver decoders (CRDs). Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Includes. J. non-standard) Space Vehicle electrical/mechanical interface requirements with the Launch System. dissemination and verification of requirements and schedules and for ensuring hardware configuration and schedule compliance with mission requirements.2.e.everyspec.2. Batteries.4. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. 207 . Flight software parameters d.4. Electronic Systems. development. assembly.4. Includes engineering and services pertaining to ―standard‖ mission integration tasks for all missions. Guidance system analysis f. Independent Verification and Validation (IV&V) is conducted for flight readiness J.

during which the Launch Vehicle elements (e.4.Downloaded from http://www. Receipt. for example: a. final installations.everyspec. Includes. monitor.) are assembled into an integrated Launch Vehicle c. control.2.4. strap-ons (solid rocket motor or liquids. assembled Stages. assemble. Vault or sensitive compartmented information facility (SCIF) activities Excludes.4.1 Mission Unique Hardware 1. The hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements at the Launch Site. Mission unique ground support equipment b.2 Mission Services.4.2.4. The hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements to the Launch Vehicle. Includes the hardware production and installation activities associated with implementing mission unique hardware requirements associated with Launch Operations. etc.2. inspect. Integration.4.2 Launch Vehicle elements. process.n (Specify) c.4. and logistically support the Launch System. which are included under WBS J.4.1 – Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Operations) 1. Final test and checkout including post assembly testing and verification of stack integration and flight readiness J.n (Launch Operations) (Specify).1 Vehicle Processing and Checkout. Launch Vehicle Assembly. Fueling of the Launch Vehicle f.. payload fairing. Activities included under the Launch Operations element are recurring in nature. ground) element..4. It includes the maintenance and refurbishment of the facilities and equipment at the launch site in addition to the ongoing site maintenance and base support activities. and vehicle closeouts d. which is included under WBS J. etc. Modifications or updates to standard integration configurations b.1 Mission Standard Integration and Analysis element d.n).4. for example: a. which are not directly associated with the launch cycle. processing areas and/or the launch pad (or runway) if required e.g.2.. J. Test and Check-out (AIT&CO).. checkout. recover (as applicable). following delivery from their production facility to the launch site b.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Excludes sustaining engineering in support of the Launch Vehicle elements provided during launch operations. Mission unique design modifications to Launch Operations hardware (engineering and analysis only) c.. Mission unique umbilicals 208 . encapsulated Space Vehicle and upper stage.. which are included under WBS J. conduct launch operations.4.e. Includes all resources required to produce and install mission hardware necessary to meet mission unique (i. test.4 Launch Operations Site (1. installing the encapsulated Space Vehicle. inspection and testing of the individual Launch Vehicle elements (e.. Transfer (vertically or horizontally) between the assembly areas.. Launch Vehicle subsystem checks and system verification. Includes all technical and management resources required to receive and process the Launch Vehicle at the launch site prior to launch.4. non-standard) Space Vehicle electrical/mechanical interface requirements with the Launch Operations (i.e.n (Specify) J. performing integrated system test and verification. store.g. for example: a. liquid rocket engine and/or solid rocket motor stages. Includes..).3. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J Includes. Includes all activities at the launch operations site(s) required to receive. including Space Vehicle processing. Other engineering and analysis not considered to be part of J.3 – Mission Unique Hardware (Launch Vehicle)1.. track. Mission unique design modifications to Launch Vehicle hardware (engineering and analysis only) b. J. for example: a.

but is not directly attributable to Launch Operations activities.3.4. J.4. Includes. J. Transportation d.4. Logistics support to recovery operations J.4. Reentry site recovery operations c. fueling) of the spacecraft and encapsulation of the Space Vehicle within the Payload Fairing. monitoring of launch operations and maintenance of the Range Ground system.1 Range Ground System.4.4. preservation. track and communicate with the Launch Vehicle during its mission. Includes ongoing planned maintenance.8. Food J. for example: a.4. Includes the physical infrastructure and personnel resources resident at the Launch Site that provides support to. Maintenance of industrial facilities J. Includes all resources associated with Recovery Operations and Post Launch Refurbishment if applicable.everyspec. development.4.8 Range Tracking and Safety (Ground). refurbishment. Communications d. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J.4.5. It also includes Space Vehicle and upper stage (if required) transportation to the launch vehicle (if required).2 Space Vehicle Processing.4. Transportation of recovered equipment to assigned facilities d. J.1 Mission Standard Integration and Analysis J. Includes all the resources associated with the design. for example: a. launch management functions and launch delays. replacement.3.4.4. Excludes.4. installation. Roads e. Security.5. J. for example: a. Includes all resources required to command. for example: a.g. testing and/or checkout of assets utilized during the launch operations cycle.4. Includes. Includes all resources required to effect recovery of the applicable Launch Vehicle elements identified as reusable/recoverable. Includes all resources for processing (e.4. for example: a. acquisition. Launch. integration. repair and calibration of physical launch operations-related assets utilized during the Launch Operations cycle.4.Downloaded from http://www. Includes all the resources associated with the design. launch countdown operations.4 Flight Operations. test and evaluation. Telemetry processing c. repair. This WBS Element includes 209 . cleaning. test and evaluation. Real-time mission control b.1 Recovery Operations and Services.4.6 Site Maintenance. Excludes.4.2.2 Post Launch Refurbishment.5 Post Launch.4. development. fire and emergency medical support c. installation and maintenance of the Range Ground system. Transportation to reentry site b. Data reduction and analysis J. control.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Includes the resources associated with launch rehearsal activities. Includes.7 Base Support.4. Facilities b.4.. The resources required for the inspection. Post launch analysis included in J. integration.

J.2 Other GC3 (Specify). Range safety NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J the acquisition and maintenance of ground tracking radar systems (hardware and software) used to accurately track the launch vehicle through flight.n). control and communications mission equipment/software and support equipment/software. and buildings/facilities required to house. development. 210 . J.. and integrated system tests for ground command. J. Reference Appendix L Common Appendix for definition.2 Range Operations.8.3. design. This WBS Element includes the operations and maintenance of ground tracking radar and telemetry systems. service.5. Includes all resources associated with the design.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Each additional element is to be clearly identified and defined.4.4. control communications and power for Launch Vehicle checkout and launch. installation and checkout. J. or biospherical environment. launch processing. analyze the data and issue a destruct command if necessary.1 Command. J. It consists of the hardware and software used to provide command. process. health management.2 Peculiar Support Equipment. The system provides the communications.everyspec. launch operations and support of the GC3 system. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. monitoring. ecological. assembly.5.5.5.4. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. or expansion of roadways. Includes all the development. J. and ground control and communication between the Launch Vehicle and ground processing capabilities. Included are the efforts due to environmental concerns or laws regarding impacts to the human. Includes. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. Reference Appendix L Common Appendix for definition. system assembly. use the structure and definitions in Appendix B. and checkout of these elements into the Launch Vehicle is excluded. launch and flight operations g. Automated launch processing equipment f. test.4.4. Ground based sensors b.3 Ground Command. Operational/Site Activation. test and evaluation. Software and auxiliary equipment required for conducing Launch Vehicle system mission planning. real estate.Downloaded from http://www. Electronic Systems. tracking and control c. assembly. Control and Communication. NOTE 1: If lower level information can be collected.1.4. test.4. Control and Communication subsystems that are either not listed above or that cannot be categorized into one of the above elements. conversion. Includes all resources utilized during pre-launch and flight operations to used to accurately track and acquire telemetry data of the launch vehicle in during flight and up to flight termination. Data processing equipment e. This element should be replaced with other product-oriented Ground Command.. Control and Communication (GC3). Includes all ground hardware and software for communications. for example: a. utilities. Telemetry. launch and support launch vehicle hardware/software.3.5. J. NOTE 2: All effort directly associated with the remaining Level 4 WBS elements and the integration. construction.5 Launch Site (1. External communications d. monitoring and ground control between the Launch Vehicle/Space Vehicle and ground processing stations. It includes installation design. integration. Electronic Systems.4. and data display from launch vehicle checkout to launch and through flight operations.

5 for unique applications for systems engineering.Downloaded from http://www.6 Common WBS Elements.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. are in Appendix L: Common Elements. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX J J.4. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Launch Vehicle System. integration and test and program management (SEIT/PM) and Operational Site Activation.everyspec. and all other defense materiel items. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions and Appendix L. 211 . Section L.

Army Nomenclature System MIL-STD-1661. Standard Glossary of Software Engineering Terminology IEEE/EIA 12207-2008. GUIDE FOR SYSTEMS AND SOFTWARE ENGINEERING – SOFTWARE LIFE CYCLE PROCESSES ANSI Standards can be found online at: http://webstore.6.everyspec. K. Mark and Mod Nomenclature System MIL-HDBK-1812. PA 19111-5094 STANDARDS MIL-STD-196E.mil) Document Automation and Production Service 700 Robbins Avenue Building 4/D Philadelphia.ansi. NY. and handbooks are available from the: Acquisition Streamlining and Standardization Information System (ASSIST) database (https://assist.org 212 . NJ 08854-4141 www.org ANSI Customer Service 25 W 43rd Street. 4th Floor New York. The following standards form a part of this document to the extent specified herein. Assignment and Method for Obtaining K.daps. Type Designation. standards. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions and those unique applications are in section L.2. Inc. Definitions for WBS elements common to all defense materiel items are given in Appendix L: Common Elements.dla.Downloaded from http://www.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS K. (IEEE) Operations Center 445 Hoes Lane Piscataway. 10036 or The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. Joint Electronics Type Designation System MIL-STD-1464A. copies of federal and military specifications. AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI) ANSI/IEEE STD 610. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K APPENDIX K: AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS K. Unless otherwise indicated.2 Non-Government publications.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.2.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the Work Breakdown Structure and definitions for Automated Information Systems.1 Government Publications.ieee.12-1990 (R2002). The following documents form a part of this document to the extent specified herein.

1.5.1 1. Test and Checkout External System Interface Development 1…n (Specify) External System Interface Hardware External System Interface Software CSCI 1…n (Specify) External System Interface Integration.6. Test and Checkout Enterprise Information System 1…n (Specify) Business Area Hardware Business Area Software CSCI 1…n (Specify) Business Area Integration.1.Downloaded from http://www.1.3 1.6 1.5 1.9.3 1.8.1.4 1.10.1.1.6.1 1.n (Specify) Enterprise Service Element Integration.1.10.1 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.7.2 1.1.2.5 1.1.1.3 1.1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.7.5 1.9 1.10. Test and Checkout Enterprise Service Element 1…n (Specify) Enterprise Service Element Hardware Enterprise Service Element Software CSCI 1.1.2.3 1.1.2 1.1 1..1 1.3 1.6 1.1.4 1.1 1.8.6. Test and Checkout AIS Platform Hardware System Level Integration System Engineering Program Management Change Management System Test and Evaluation Development Test and Evaluation Operational Test and Evaluation Mock-ups / System Integration Labs (SILs) Test and Evaluation Support Test Facilities Training Equipment Services Facilities Data Technical Publications Engineering Data Management Data Support Data Data Depository Peculiar Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Common Support Equipment Test and Measurement Equipment Support and Handling Equipment Operational/Site Activation Site Type 1 Deployment Hardware and Software User Documentation Site Activation User Training Data Migration Management/Engineering Support 213 .0 1.3.1 1.1.5 1.2.2 1.1. Assembly.1. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K K.3.2 1. Assembly.1.7.4.1 1.3 1..2 1.3 WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE LEVELS WBS # 1.9.4 1.2 1.5.1.1 1.4.6 Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Automated Information System (AIS) Automated Information System Prime Mission Product Release/Increment X Custom Application Software 1…n (Specify) Subsystem Hardware Subsystem Software CSCI 1…n (Specify) Subsystem Software Integration. Assembly.2 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1.7.10.1.5.3 1.everyspec.4 1.10 1.10.10. Assembly.3 1.7 1.1.2 1.4.7.3 1.1.3 1.1.1.8 1.1.10.1 1.1.5 1.3.5.5.

threat. items cannot be specifically associated with the element they support. the parent level WBS (radar system) has three child elements .6.e. it distorts the effort and resources that are required to complete that radar system because it assumes the transmitter is not included (i.11.11 1. and performance.11. high risk. These "other" elements would be used if.3.2 Key Principles in Constructing a WBS.7 1. WBS elements in the appendices are extended to levels 4 and 5. Not all WBS elements should be extended to the lowest level. Section L. The purpose of going below level 3 within the appendix is to ensure that the higher level elements include the proper lower level elements and when required to report at a lower level.10.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. software would be the child level to the parent level transmitter..1 1. depending on how software is developed. Test and Checkout. It is still included as a part of the radar system at the child level. 214 . If the program manager decides he/she wants more visibility into the transmitter subsystem and pulls it out of the radar system and makes it a level equal to the radar. schedule. For those elements. or high technical interest. WBS elements that are common (i. the WBS is defined to Level 3 of that structure and in some cases Level 4 or 5. However. extension of the WBS to lower levels is necessary to get needed visibility. mission data) are often considered late in the acquisition cycle. those elements at level 4 or 5 are consistent across all systems and developers. For example. even after contract award. 1) The reporting level of the WBS is typically at Level 3 except for those items considered high cost. This is called the 100% rule. Training. Therefore.3 1. a new subsystem or modified subsystem is defined and it does not currently appear in the appendices of MIL-STD-881C. Under normal circumstances. reference Appendix L.everyspec.12 Interim Logistics Support Industrial Facilities Construction/Conversion/Expansion Equipment Acquisition or Modernization Maintenance (Industrial Facilities) Initial Spares and Repair Parts K. K. it is appropriate to associate that software to the next highest level (radar system) of the WBS. 4) In some cases. In the appendices of MIL-STD-881C..transmitter.11. Integration. Systems Engineering/Program Management. an element entitled "Other" is available to provide flexibility within the WBS for new or additional WBS elements that are not identified or defined in the Standard. In this case the software cannot be associated with the specific elements they support. For application of these elements. For example. and receiver. 5) Intelligence (Intel) efforts (security. but we are not trying to allocate effort across multiple WBS elements where we are unable to determine what level of support each gets. if Systems Engineering is required to support a Level 3 WBS element.e. For example.2 1.Downloaded from http://www. for each system being defined only those WBS elements that define the system shall be used. System Test and Evaluation.1 Application of Common WBS Elements (Appendix L). 3) A key to WBS development is the principle that if you can associate the WBS element with the element it supports. which states the next level of decomposition of a WBS element (child level) must represent 100% of the work applicable to the next higher level (parent level). a child element to the radar is now missing within the WBS structure). It may include functionality for the receiver as well. identifying and considering potential intelligence information and costs using the existing Component cost estimating processes. Identifying where Intel is needed reduces risk and affords a much better opportunity to manage cost. but only for those elements. for example. 2) In each of the appendices. The WBS Standard portrays systems in a product-oriented WBS. antenna. In addition.3. In order to ensure consistency across all systems and developers. due to an inability to determine the effort for each functionality developed. Assembly. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K 1. and Data) should be applied to the appropriate levels within the WBS for which they support.1. the Systems Engineering WBS element would appear at Level 4 of the WBS under the Level 3 element it supports. Automated Information Systems uniquely apply common elements. the software may include more functionality than just for the transmitter subsystem. software is a critical element of that transmitter subsystem. it should be included within that element.

This element includes all the associated hardware equipment needed to analyze.4. The numbering system is numeric.4.2 Enterprise Service Element Software CSCI (1.3 Numbering of the WBS..1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 1. data and facilities required to develop.2 (1…n) WBS Element Definitions. and test a custom software application at the system developer’s site to fulfill a 215 . K. Each WBS should be detailed down to the element’s lower level (as defined in the appendices) whenever possible. The purpose for the numbering is to provide a consistent approach to identifying and managing the WBS across like systems regardless of vendor or service. 1. to fulfill a capability gap not captured by COTS only software packages.2.3. and so forth.1. ―Other‖ WBS Elements. All appendices contain a WBS element titled as ―Other‖ at the subsystem. design. K.2. In each appendix. business rules. This element includes all the hardware.3. if a missile system has multiple propulsion subsystems. Software development necessary for external system interfaces K. build. Where this structure occurs.3. design. If it is determined that the ―other‖ WBS is not needed. software. integrate. and associated effort used to analyze.2 Automated Information Systems Prime Mission Product (PMP) Release/Increment (Version) X. If it is determined that the ―other‖ element is needed. users. software.4.Downloaded from http://www. ―Solid Rocket Motor‖). several unique issues arise across appendices which require the numbering system to be modified to accommodate the anomalies. this element and assigned WBS number should be deleted and not used in the WBS. and test a custom software application. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K K.n)). legacy systems.2. software. 1. 1…n) shall be decomposed to the next level and then each child WBS use the appropriate WBS title for each element as well as the WBS numbering identification. For example. and associated effort needed to analyze.2. and assigned the next available WBS number in sequence according to the parent child relationship as shown below.4.3. The hardware.2.g. NOTE: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists. the parent WBS (e. the work breakdown structure for that commodity has been numbered for reporting purposes only. Excludes.2. build.4 DEFINITIONS K. ―Liquid Rocket Engine‖).. design. apply.4. equipment (hardware).. K.2.1 Custom Application Software 1…n.1 Automated Information System.1. The complex of enterprise elements. The newly defined element must be approved by the Government Program Manager and the representative contracting officer.1. at the system developer’s site.1 Subsystem Hardware 1…n.3. each Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) shall have a WBS name designation (for example.1. 1.1. then each element must be defined and the word ―other‖ replaced by the newly defined WBS element using the assigned WBS number from the appropriate appendix. test and deploy an automated information system.1. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. the structure and definitions in Appendix B – Electronic Systems.2. and test the entire automated information system (AIS) prime mission product.3. (COTS only are captured under K. however.2. Several appendices identify WBS elements with (1…n) or similar to denote that one or more of that type of item may be used. for example: a. element (product) levels that are restricted for products that have not been envisioned or predicted within the defined WBS elements in the Appendix. Propulsion Subsystem (1…n) Solid Rocket Motor Liquid Rocket Engine Backup Rocket Motor K. K. and the element Propulsion Subsystem 1 would be at the child level of the parent WBS element (Propulsion Subsystem 1…n) as would Propulsion Subsystem 2 (for example.everyspec.

Software architecture and design c. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K capability gap not captured by the COTS only software packages. Includes. Software qualification testing f. the structure and definitions in Appendix B. for example: a. Software COTS/GOTS approach (requirements negotiation) g. etc. and test a custom software application to fulfill a capability gap not captured by the COTS only software packages. Software COTS/GOTS glue code development k. build.Electronic Systems. Use lower levels to identify individual custom computer software configuration items (CSCI). configuration management. quality assurance. 216 . design. routers. for example: a. Software COTS/GOTS component identification h.. apply.Downloaded from http://www.2. Software COTS/GOTS tailoring and configuration l. Software integration e.g. Software code and unit test d. Development and test hardware Excludes. Includes. Software prototyping j.4.) NOTE: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists. Subsystem software product engineering (e. Software COTS/GOTS assessment and selection i. Use lower levels to identify individual hardware items (servers. Software requirements b.everyspec.2 Subsystem Software CSCI 1…n. etc. This element includes all the associated effort needed to analyze.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: b. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. managed services.1. Deployment hardware at each operational site K.).

These services can be integrated or used by several organizations.4. Identity management (people and device discovery) w. Machine-to-machine messaging c.. 217 . Text collaboration (chat. software.2. Collaboration y. and associated effort needed for developing functionality or software services: unassociated. fault management) b. Includes. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K K.2. for example: a. for example: a. Application sharing t. Enterprise service management (monitoring. Enterprise content delivery network (caching specification. Service discovery d. Federated search j.4. Video over IP q. This element includes all the hardware. Assembly. distributed caching.. Application broadcasting u.1. The element includes the effort and material associated with integrating and testing subsystem software CSCIs and hardware of an individual (or group of) subsystem software application that have undergone individual CSCI qualification test. Test and Checkout.n. Content discovery and delivery i. People and device discovery e.Downloaded from http://www. White boarding and annotation s. User profiling and customization NOTE: Service Oriented Architecture is based on a mesh of software services as shown above. Presence and awareness o. Metadata discovery f. Service security h. Mediation g. Virtual spaces v. forward staging) m. Content discovery x. Audio over internet protocol (IP) p.everyspec. It packages functionally as interoperable services. Enterprise catalog service k.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Session management n.3 Subsystem Software Integration.2 Enterprise Service Element 1. instant messaging) r. Data source integration l. even if their respective client systems are substantially different. Excludes. Software development efforts necessary for external system interfaces K. loosely coupled units of functionality that have no calls to each other embedded in them.

Software COTS/GOTS assessment and selection d.everyspec.2.2. build. This element includes all the hardware equipment and effort to plan. Deployment hardware at each operational site K. K. K.4. for example: a.n. warranties. the structure and definitions in Appendix B – Electronic Systems. for example: a.2.. for example: a.g..2. Software prototyping e.4. Enterprise data warehouse c. Software COTS/GOTS glue code development f. for example: a. Includes. apply. COTS software procurement: licenses. managed service contract.2. and test functionality(s) of an enterprise information system that uses an integrated database to support typical business processes within business/functional areas and consistent information access across areas and systems.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K K. configuration management. This element includes all the associated hardware equipment needed at the system developer’s facility for assessing and tailoring COTS software applications or modules that can be attributed to a specific software service or bundle of services within the AIS system. include in the operational site activation element NOTE: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists. Assembly. Subsystem software product engineering (e.2. analyze. Data mart d. Use lower levels to identify individual hardware items. Software COTS/GOTS component identification c.Downloaded from http://www.2 Enterprise Service Element Software CSCI (1…n).4. for example: a. Software COTS/GOTS approach (requirements negotiation) b. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. Includes.) Excludes. etc. etc. Development and test hardware Excludes.2. Software COTS/GOTS tailoring and configuration g. The element includes the effort and material associated with integrating and testing the required software and hardware of an individual (or group of) Enterprise Service Element(s).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. quality assurance.3 Enterprise Information System 1. Test and Checkout. Enterprise resource planning b.. Includes. design.3 Enterprise Service Element Integration. Operational data store 218 . This element includes all the associated effort for assessing and tailoring COTS software applications or modules that can be attributed to a specific software service or bundle of services within the AIS system.1 Enterprise Service Element Hardware.

and testing functionalities that can be attributed. the structure and definitions in Appendix B – Electronic Systems. forms. in whole or in-part. etc. conversions. Assembly. Design of the interface specification and the development of the interface Excludes. This element includes all the associated hardware equipment needed at the system developer’s facility for planning. The element includes the effort and material associated with integrating and testing the required software and hardware of an individual (or group of) Business Area Element(s). building.that can be attributed. Development and test hardware Excludes. for example: a. apply.. dimension tables. K. analyzing.n. Deployment hardware at each operational site K. designing. Financial reporting g. analyzing. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K Excludes. or data export schemas) for a specific external system interface.. All necessary labor and materials for analyzing.reports. scripts. for example: a. designing. in whole or in-part. to a specific functional module or business area within the EIS system NOTE: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists.n). interfaces.3. General ledger b..3. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. for example: a.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. fact tables. Test and Checkout.2. Cost management f.2.2.4. in whole or in-part.4 External System Interface Development 1.4. Revenue and accounts receivable d. -. Use lower levels to identify each specific external system interface that must be developed or modified. Includes. in whole or in-part. Data Migration/Cleansing NOTE: An external system interface is required for proper transmission of data and/or control between the AIS solution and separate systems for which a mutual dependency exists. Includes. Includes.. designing/building/configuring. for example: a.1 Business Area Hardware.2. and testing the required business objects -.Downloaded from http://www.4.3 Business Area Integration. Funds control and budgetary accounting e. to a specific functional/business area or module within the EIS system. enhancements.everyspec. for example: a. This element includes all the associated effort needed at the system developer’s facility for planning.4. The hardware equipment and effort necessary for developing the set of software artifacts (threads. queries. building.3. Effort for assessing and tailoring COTS software applications or modules that can be attributed.2 Business Area Software CSCI (1. to a specific functional/business area or module within the EIS system. K. or scripts. Accounts payable c. for example: a. and testing functionalities that can be attributed. 219 . workflows. Real property inventory and management K. to a specific functional module or business area within the EIS system b. reports.

MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX K K. quality assurance. Software COTS/GOTS glue code development k. Software integration e. Test and Checkout. Subsystem software product engineering (e. Use lower levels to identify specific artifacts that must be developed or modified. or data export schemas) for a specific external system interface.4. or scripts. Assembly. queries.g.1 External System Interface Hardware. Development and test hardware Excludes.4.. etc. Use lower levels to identify each specific hardware item. The effort associated with developing the set of software artifacts (threads.everyspec. integrate. 220 .4.3 External System Interface Integration. Software COTS/GOTS component identification h. Software COTS/GOTS tailoring and configuration l.4. for example: a.6 System Level Integration. Software COTS/GOTS assessment and selection i.4.4.2. Includes.. for example: a.4. This element includes all effort and equipment to develop a hardware system to host the deliverable AIS software K.) m. Software architecture and design c. regardless of which defense materiel item category is selected. Software requirements b.4. Both the design of the interface specification and the development of the interface NOTE: When the opportunity to collect lower level information on electronic and software items exists. configuration management.2.2. Software prototyping j. for example: a. Definitions for Common WBS elements applicable to the Automated Information Systems. This element includes all effort and equipment to assemble. Software COTS/GOTS approach (requirements negotiation) g. Includes. and test the entire AIS system as a whole at the system developer’s facility. Work Breakdown Structure and Definitions.. portlets. Software code and unit test d. reports. K. or scripts. K. The element includes the effort and material associated with integrating and testing the required software and hardware of an individual (or group of) External System Interface(s). the structure and definitions in Appendix B – Electronic Systems. apply.5 AIS Platform Hardware.n).2. and all other defense materiel items.2.4. Deployment hardware at each operational site K.2 External System Interface Software CSCI (1. Software qualification testing f.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. K. Remaining Common WBS Elements. are in Appendix L: Automated Information Systems (AIS) Common Elements.Downloaded from http://www.3 Common Elements. managed services. The hardware equipment necessary at the system integrator’s facility for developing the set of software artifacts (threads. queries. reports. or data export schemas) needed for a specific external system interface.

Applicable Government and non-Government documents are listed. when shown. common elements found at Level 2 of the WBS capture efforts associated with the system as a ―whole‖ (i. Training for the Navigation and Remote Piloting System).everyspec.2 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS None 221 . Level 4 common elements.5) and Automated Information Systems (reference L. Definitions for the common WBS elements are provided in this appendix.4). L. training for the entire surface vehicle system). Unique uses of common elements are also included to better define the related systems.e. Many of the commodity classes apply common elements in a way that is unique to those commodities..com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 SCOPE This appendix provides the WBS elements common to all types of systems.6). The efforts associated with common elements should be placed at the level where they support a specific element. support the subsystems captured at Level 3 (for example. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L APPENDIX L: COMMON ELEMENTS WORK BREAKDOWN STRUCTURE AND DEFINITIONS L. Level 3 common elements will support Level 2 elements such as the primary vehicle or secondary vehicle. Common elements can be found at all levels of a WBS. Launch Vehicle Systems (reference L. Using Appendix G Surface Vehicle System as an example. This Appendix captures those unique applications for Space Systems (reference L.Downloaded from http://www. Elements defined in this Appendix are elements common to all acquisition programs developed by the Department of Defense.

design. materials. it will be summarized into the next higher level equipment (hardware/software) WBS element and should never be summarized directly into a higher-level integration. and determination of requirements of design review b. measuring. and checkout element is used (Appendices A through K). test. directing. The set up. Effort to transform an operational need or statement of deficiency into a description of system requirements and a preferred system configuration d. configuration management. Technical planning and control effort for planning. production engineering. standardization. evaluating. In those instances in which an integration. producibility engineering planning (PEP). parts. Survivability). development. value engineering. test. test.2.3. The development of engineering layouts. assembly. for example: a. for example: a. for example: a. Effort to define the system and the integrated planning and control of the technical program efforts of design engineering. and fabrication h. Design maintenance effort f. this element includes all effort of technical and functional activities associated with the design. Human Systems Integration (Human factors engineering. The technical and management efforts of directing and controlling a totally integrated engineering effort of a system or program.4. (Reference Section L. Effort associated with developing the Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP) c. conduct. Conduct of production acceptance testing Excludes.Downloaded from http://www. Technical baseline management and event based technical reviews with independent subject matter expertise participation g. The joining or mating and final assembly of Level 3 equipment elements to form a complete prime mission equipment when the effort is performed at the manufacturing facility j. factory and vendor liaison e. Cross product IPT integration 222 . etc. maintainability. and production of mating surfaces. Tooling (initial production facilities. factory support equipment) including planning. and checkout element is utilized at lower levels of the contract work breakdown structure. Environment. assembly. Includes. Manpower. System Engineering. assembly. L. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L. and review of testing assembled components or subsystems prior to installation c.1 Integration. Administrative engineering i. Quality planning and control g. equipment. Integration of software (including loading and verification of firmware) k. system analysis. Assembly. Training. determination of overall design characteristics. The detailed production design. Personnel. Test and Checkout.1 for space systems application) Includes. logistic support analysis. and re-planning the management of the technical program e. Inspection activities related to receiving.everyspec.3. and manufacturing process capability. and integrated test planning b. Safety and Occupational Health. including the process design development and demonstration effort to achieve compatibility with engineering requirements and the ability to produce economically and consistent quality d. structures. reliability. Habitability. and software required to assemble the Level 3 equipment (hardware/software) elements into a Level 2 mission equipment (hardware/ software) as a whole and not directly part of any other individual Level 3 element. specialty engineering.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. where applicable. All programs. vulnerability. monitoring. f. and checkout element.3 DEFINITIONS OF COMMON ELEMENTS L. All systems engineering/program management and system test and evaluation that are associated with the overall system NOTE: When an integration.

safety engineering. risk and evolutionary growth for each tradeoff following each iteration of the systems engineering process. technical reviews. Survivability/vulnerability analysis System of Systems (SoS) and System Level Architecting. controlling. the integration and balancing of reliability. and reliability and maintainability (895) elements Excludes. producibility. e.ensures interface compatibility of external and internal interfaces and coordination of changes between associate contractors and Integrated Product Teams (IPTs). Interface Management . which are not associated with specific hardware elements and are not included in systems engineering. environmental protection. value engineering.3 Program Management. organizing. and technical documentation control.Downloaded from http://www. human factors (892). Maintainability engineering—the engineering process and series of tasks required to measure the ability of an item or system to be retained in or restored to a specified condition of readiness. Preparation of the Systems Engineering Management Plan (SEMP). design integrity analysis. Configuration Management – supports the identification and management of the technical baselines (functional baseline. directing. Supportability analyses—an integral part of the systems engineering process beginning at program initiation and continuing throughout program development. manpower. training. standardization (893). Reliability engineering—the engineering process and series of tasks required to examine the probability of a device or system performing its mission adequately for the period of time intended under the operating conditions expected to be encountered. modeling and simulation.ensures requirements traceability and version control for all program requirements starting with the Capabilities Development Document (CDD) and Capabilities Production Document (CPD) to the system specification and lower level Configuration Item (CI) specifications. preparation of equipment and component performance specifications. subcontractor and vendor reviews. and intra-system and intersystem compatibility assurance. determination of software development or software test facility/ environment requirements. program risk analysis. etc. h. value engineering (894). configuration management (812 and 813). initial product baseline. j. f. decision control process. system planning. overall system design and margin management. Human Systems Integration—the engineering process and the series of tasks required to define. for example: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L h. verification and validation and external interface definition and management For sea systems. Assessments of system effectiveness. technical performance measurement. as a comprehensive technical and engineering effort involving the integration of the human operator and maintainer requirements while attempting to minimize lifecycle cost and maximize total system performance. system/cost effectiveness analysis. j. Requirements Management. the expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS). maintainability.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.everyspec. System requirement and architecture definition. allocated baseline. Actual design engineering and the production engineering directly related to the WBS element with which it is associated Examples of Systems Engineering efforts are: a. specification tree. The business and administrative planning. Data Management – identifies the essential technical data necessary for the definition and sustainment of the system reflected in the respective technical baselines. i. and approval actions designated to accomplish overall program objectives.. skill levels. b. security requirements. design of test and demonstration plans.. life cycle costs. using prescribed procedures and resources at specific levels of maintenance and repair.3. L. schedule. i. human health. etc. and survivability. final product baseline). personnel. c. g. work authorization. quality assurance program. Supportability analyses form the basis for related design requirements included in the system specification and for subsequent decisions concerning how to most cost effectively support the system and its infrastructure over its entire life cycle. and develop the associated required systems engineering products. system optimization. d. coordinating. 223 .

Detailed planning. handling. schedule. technical publications.4 System Test and Evaluation. storage. For sea systems. subcontract management. and transportation. intermediate. The logistics management function encompasses the support evaluation and supportability assurance required to produce an affordable and supportable defense materiel system. maintainable. and supply support (8643) elements. deliverable maintenance tools. The use of pilot. contract management. which can be associated with the hardware/software element acceptance testing NOTE: These excluded efforts are to be included with the appropriate hardware or software elements. It includes test and evaluation conducted to: a. L.g. life cycle cost. computer resource determination. and personnel skills and training requirements. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L Includes. conduct. test equipment.3. data reduction and reports (excluding the contract data requirements list data) from such testing. All formal and informal testing up through the subsystem level. and data management d.) For operational use f. conducted and monitored by the developing agency of the DoD component. production. safe. L. fixtures and instrumentation NOTE: Test articles that are functionally configured to represent and test the complete defense materiel end item being developed or produced.1 Developmental Test and Evaluation. vendor liaison. Support element management. organizational. data management. are excluded from this WBS element. Perform the logistics testing efforts to evaluate the achievement of supportability goals. Excludes. b. training system requirements determination. the Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS). Design and production of models. Examples are: 1. Includes.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.3. Demonstrate that the system will meet specifications d. the adequacy of the support package for the system. prototype.) 224 . Cost. It also includes all effort associated with the development of any specialized tools or data in support of the system level test program. and test articles that are functionally configured to represent and test subsystems/components of the defense materiel end item being developed or produced b. and schedule g.Downloaded from http://www. etc. for example: a.. Demonstrate that the engineering design and development process is complete b. defined as the logistics tasks management effort and technical control. and depot maintenance determination management. for example: a.everyspec. warranty administration. c. or specifically fabricated hardware/ software to obtain or validate engineering data on the performance of the system during the developmental phase (normally funded from RDT&E) of the program. packaging. maintenance instructions. data management (896). other support requirements determination. Demonstrate that the design risks have been minimized c. project management (897). supply support. performance measurement management. This effort is planned. Estimate the system's military utility when introduced e. specimens. support equipment requirements determination. Provide test data with which to examine and evaluate trade-offs against specification requirements. etc. Planning and management of all the functions of logistics.4. etc. maintenance support planning and support facilities planning. and the business management of the support elements. for example: a. Determine whether the engineering design is supportable (practical. provisioning requirements determination and planning. (e. support.

and checkout of an existing aircraft used essentially as a flying avionics laboratory 4. including requirements analysis. range and accuracy demonstrations. drop. for example: a. etc. test facility operations. L. operational suitability. For ordnance: test articles such as Ballistic Test rounds.g. installation of avionics equipment and instrumentation. consisting of the avionics and/or other air vehicle subsystem modules that are required by the bench/lab or flying test bed in order to provide a compatible airframe avionics system/subsystem for evaluation purposes 3. SILs are often used in lieu of (or in addition to) mock-ups. Includes.3. and support thereto. Launch Separation rounds. conduct tests.g. logistics supportability (including compatibility. qualification operational test and evaluation. Hardware/Lab Equipment 225 . Avionics test program. Separation and Control Test Vehicles. ballistics. sea trials. cost of ownership. labor. Launch Separation Vehicles.3 Mock-ups/System Integration Labs (SILs).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. spin demonstration. flight tests. maintainability. technical publications. Inert Measurement rounds. maintenance instructions.4. required to prove the operational capability of the deliverable system c. operational effectiveness. Such tests as system demonstration. Flying test bed. and installation of basic computers and test equipments that will provide an ability to simulate in the laboratory the operational environment of the avionics system/subsystem 2. static. personnel skills and training requirements.). The test and evaluation conducted by agencies other than the developing command to assess the prospective system's military utility. Boost Test Vehicles g. and analyze hardware and software test results to verify the avionics equipments' operational capability and compatibility as an integrated air vehicle subsystem 5. etc. SILs are risk reduction facilities where software and hardware can be developed.. including design. Air vehicle equipment. code. reliability. test equipment. The design engineering and production of system or subsystem mock-ups that have special contractual or engineering significance or that are not required solely for the conduct of one of the above elements of testing. and software support facility/environment elements) L. acquisition. environmental tests. design of modifications. consisting of the effort required to develop test plans/procedures... for example: a.everyspec. Software. models. Test bench/laboratory. development flight test.2 Operational Test and Evaluation. logistic requirements. integration ground tests. de-bug.g. and fatigue). and logistics testing c. deliverable maintenance tools. dock and sea trials (868). Logistics testing efforts to evaluate the achievement of supportability goals and the adequacy of the support for the system (e. on-orbit tests. and document software programs necessary to direct the avionics integration test d. data collection and analysis (842). Contractor support (e.. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L Includes. special sea tests and trials. tested and evaluated for both stand alone functionality and/or interoperability prior to being fielded. referring to the effort required to design. avionics integration test composed of the following: 1. stability tests. Dummy rounds. etc.3.Downloaded from http://www. etc.. such as wind tunnel. trials agenda preparation. test equipment (including its support equipment). For engines: engine military qualification tests and engine preliminary flight rating tests e. fatigue. Initial operational test and evaluation conducted during the development of a system b. For sea systems: model basin. inter-operability. etc. Includes. and hull vibration survey (868 9825) elements f. modification of aircraft. test instrumentation.4. For missiles: test articles such as Inert Measurement Vehicles. hydrostatic. All contractor/system developer in-house effort b. where applicable. maintenance. For aircraft. radiological. material. tests and associated simulations (e. technical assistance. including the Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS). mobility demonstrations. shock.) Consumed during this phase of testing d. for example: a. qualification test and evaluation. test bed aircraft and associated support. All programs. and need for any modifications. lease or purchase of test bed aircraft. integrated. chase and calibrated pacer aircraft and support thereto.

systems and subsystems.1 Equipment. courses. for example: a. surveillance aircraft.5. tracking vessels. maintenance trainers. Training course materials. special instrumentation. courses and training aids) 226 . that are utilized and/or consumed in a single element of testing and that should be included under that element of testing L.4. Brick and mortar-type facilities identified as industrial facilities L. Operational Instructional Equipment. Materiel. accessories. warehousing and distribution of spares and repair parts. mock-ups.5 Training. and models (e. Includes. contractor-conducted training (in-plant and service training).3. and associated documentation (primarily the computer software. Includes. and aids necessary to accomplish the objectives of training. All effort associated with the design. test bed vehicles. which are not consumed during the testing phase and are not allocated to a specific phase of testing.. consumables. test and support equipment. required to meet specific training objectives. and task analysis function inherent in the WBS element systems engineering/program management L. Deliverable training services. accessories. Deliverable training services. drones.3. Repairable spares.3. for example: a. Distinctive deliverable end items of training equipment. Operational and maintenance personnel.g. for example: a. Maintainer Instructional Equipment) L. for example: a.Downloaded from http://www. etc. Includes. propulsion test fixtures. assigned by either a contractor or military service.4 Test and Evaluation Support. repair parts. The support elements necessary to operate and maintain. Test tank test fixtures. Operational trainers. for example: a. (e. and produce a contractor developed training program. Includes. special fixtures. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L b. for example: a.3. Overall planning. for example: a.g. execute. during test and evaluation. equipment. The special test facilities required for performance of the various developmental tests necessary to prove the design and reliability of the system or subsystem.3.5 Test Facilities. Includes.4. management. and parts used to facilitate instruction through which personnel will learn to operate and maintain the system with maximum efficiency.2 Services. and production of deliverable training equipment and its associated software as well as the execution of training services Excludes.everyspec.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. repair of reparables. test chambers Excludes. white rooms.5. devices. and the materials and curriculum required to design. development. for example: a. and other items such as cutaways. Maintainer Instructional Software) b. aids. Operator Instructional Software. contractor technical support Excludes. SIL Software (written to simulate the operating environment or written to operate the SIL) L.

design support. Technical data. Modification or rehabilitation of existing training facilities and infrastructure used to accomplish training objectives Excludes. and performance procedures c.6. The brick and mortar-type facilities identified as industrial facilities L.everyspec. Operation and maintenance instructions. which includes all engineering drawings.3. Recorded scientific or technical information (regardless of the form or method of recording) including computer software documentation. procedures.6 Data. Technical orders that meet the criteria of this definition may also be classified as technical manuals. For sea systems: Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS).com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. cost or pricing. assembling. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L Excludes.5. Government-peculiar data. packaging and shipping the data c. ship's selected records (8302). maintenance. For sea systems. Includes.2 Engineering Data.Downloaded from http://www. DD Form 1423. Installed equipment used to acquaint the trainee with the system or establish trainee proficiency b. technical manuals and other data (856) element L. engineering and logistics activities. human factors. providing instructions for installation. or management data or other information incidental to contract administration 227 . reports. material composition. training. All final plans. for example: a. reproduction (8303). component engineering. Data may be presented in any form regardless of the form or method of recording. operation. for example: a. and support. acquiring. reproducing and shipping data identical to that used by the contractor but in a different format L.3 Facilities. The deliverable data required to be listed on a contract data requirements list. and related technical information or procedures exclusive of administrative procedures b. process descriptions. for example: a. operational testing. associated lists. reliability. and maintainability.6.3. parts lists or parts breakdown. Includes. subsystems. Engineering data defines and documents an engineering design or product configuration (sufficient to allow duplication of the original items) and is used to support production.3.3. Technical data package (re-procurement package). computer and computer resource programs. formatted into a technical manual. Computer software or financial. services. Transforming data into Government format. and documentation pertaining to systems. for example: a. design support. and other documents defining physical geometry. for example: a. Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS). Data item descriptions (DIDs) c.1 Technical Publications. Only such effort that can be reduced or avoided if the data item is eliminated b. and engineering drawings and specifications (855) elements Excludes. The special construction necessary to accomplish training objectives. Includes. Deliverable training data associated with the WBS element support data L. availability. administrative. Includes. reproducing. for example: a. and other engineering analysis b. for example: a.

test. Overall planning. general maintenance plans and reports. training data. Common support equipment. tools. in support of its engineering and production activities.6.6. disassemble. integrated support plans b. schedules. cost. overhaul. for example: a. This facility is a distinct entity that may hold electronic or hard copy data. cost performance reports.S. networks. equipment. for example: a. not by the acquiring command 228 . The facility. etc. designated to act as custodian to maintain a master engineering specification and establish a drawing repository service for Government approved documents that are the property of the U. The data items necessary for configuration management.3. contract data requirements (988) element L. Expanded Ship Work Breakdown Structure (ESWBS).5 Data Repository. and packaging information. milestones. used to fuel. the repository. including storage requirements. contractual data management. program management. Includes. etc. and software supportability planning and software support transition planning documents L. schedule. The design.everyspec.7 Peculiar Support Equipment. presently in the DoD inventory or commercially available. Supply. service.4 Support Data.. The data items designed to document support planning in accordance with functional categories Includes. All drafting and clerical effort necessary to maintain documents Excludes. All similar effort for facility’s specification and drawing control system. inspect. and which are not common support equipment. As custodian for the Government.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. transport.3. for example: a. for example: a. Includes. L. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L.Downloaded from http://www. storage. for example: a. NOTE: When documentation is called for on a given item of data retained in the Repository. management and task analysis functions inherent in the Work Breakdown Structure element. Vehicles. contract funds status reports. Any additional equipment or software required to maintain or modify the software portions of the system Excludes. or otherwise maintain mission equipment b. for example: a.3. maintains these master documents at the latest approved revision level. Contractor cost reports. systems Engineering/Program Management b. repair. data to support the provisioning process and all other support data. facilities data. required by the Government. authorized by approved change orders. hoist. Government.3 Management Data. development. transportation. handling. For sea systems. Includes. (Factory test and tooling equipment initially used by the contractor in the production process but subsequently delivered to the Government will be included as cost of the item produced. bought by the using command.. assemble.) c.6.3. and production of those deliverable items and associated software required to support and maintain the system or portions of the system while the system is not directly engaged in the performance of its mission. the charges (if charged as direct) will be to the appropriate data element. Any production of duplicate or modified factory test or tooling equipment delivered to the Government for use in maintaining the system.

for example: a. All efforts required to assure the availability of this equipment to support the item L.1 Test and Measurement Equipment. Includes. The deliverable tools and handling equipment used for support of the mission system. and software support equipment (hardware and software) L.8. automatic test systems. non-powered support equipment. tapes. firmware and support hardware (power supply equipment. Includes. non-powered support equipment. appropriate interconnect devices.) Used at all levels of maintenance b. The peculiar or unique testing and measurement equipment that allows an operator or maintenance function to evaluate operational conditions of a system or equipment by performing specific diagnostics. The items required to support and maintain the system or portions of the system while not directly engaged in the performance of its mission. or similar items to be diagnosed using automatic test equipment L. The common testing and measurement equipment that allows an operator or maintenance function to evaluate operational conditions of a system or equipment by performing specific diagnostics. powered support equipment. conversion. automatic test systems.everyspec. materiel handling equipment.2 Support and Handling Equipment. vehicular support equipment. or depot level of equipment support. Packages that enable line or shop replaceable units.Downloaded from http://www. service. Ground support equipment. Test measurement and diagnostic equipment. Acquisition of additional quantities of this equipment needed to support the item b. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L. intermediate. intermediate. Includes.1 Test and Measurement Equipment. precision measuring equipment.7. Packages that enable line or shop replaceable units.8 Common Support Equipment. etc. automatic test equipment. Includes. for example: a. or similar items to be diagnosed using automatic test equipment L. utilities. powered support equipment. Test measurement and diagnostic equipment.2 Support and Handling Equipment. manual test equipment. test program sets.8. automated load modules. or depot level of equipment support. The deliverable tools and handling equipment used for support of the mission system. etc. screening or quality assurance effort at an organizational. vehicular support equipment. and software support equipment (hardware/software) L. precision measuring equipment.3.3.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a. test program sets.3.9 Operational/Site Activation. automatic test equipment. munitions material handling equipment. and equipment to provide all facilities required to house. 229 . and which are presently in the DoD inventory for support of other systems. materiel handling equipment.3.) Used at all levels of maintenance b. The real estate. and related software. and related software. Includes. Ground support equipment.7. tapes. printed circuit boards. printed circuit boards. screening or quality assurance effort at an organizational. and launch prime mission equipment at the organizational and intermediate level. automated load modules.3. appropriate interconnect devices. firmware and support hardware (power supply equipment. for example: a. munitions material handling equipment.3. construction. manual test equipment. for example: a.

support. program management. e. b. System assembly. such as sustaining engineering. Where appropriate. Includes. support and modernize prime mission product of existing operational systems done before the Material Support Date (MSD). Support functions required to maintain and modernize the system. b. launch. That site could be a DT&E site. Operational. Includes. ship or vehicle L. Prime Mission Product (PMP) maintenance and modernization. for example: a.3. Contractor support in relation to operational/site activation L. maintenance and other personnel required at the operational unit level g. and Checkout on Site. Repair of reparables. maintain.Downloaded from http://www. roads. Installation of mission and support equipment in the operations or support facilities and complete system checkout or shakedown to ensure operational status. The efforts and activities associated with shipping the system from contractor facility to customer site. final turnover L. and services required to operate. Where appropriate. ship. or vehicle b.. The complex of equipment (hardware/software). Replacement of repairable items f. and installation (of mission and support equipment) into site facility or ship to achieve operational status c. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L Includes. for example: a.2 Contractor Technical Support. for example: a. data. Unit operations costs. Operations. It excludes the development and production of the original prime mission product. specify by site. or vehicles to accommodate the mission equipment and selected support equipment directly related to the specific system. for example: a. Conversion of site. construction.3 Site Construction. Installation. Includes. Construction of utilities. Includes. and interconnecting cabling L.9.everyspec.g. The materials and services involved in the assembly of mission equipment at the site. Real estate. The materials and services required to convert existing sites. Installation and personnel support functions in support of the unit level manpower 230 .3. The cost for this element includes maintenance and modernization (including the development and production) of existing.9. an installation and checkout site or any similar site that is outside the direct control of the contractor.4 Site/Ship/Vehicle Conversion. site planning and preparation.9. logistics support.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.3. Test and evaluation for system and subsystem modifications d.9. and supply chain management c. The materials and services provided by the contractor related to activation.3. operational systems. and other specialpurpose facilities necessary to achieve system operational status. L. checkout. specify by site. including operating material and support services at the operating unit h. for example: a.3. for example: a. standby services.5 Sustainment/Interim Contractor Support. ships.1 System Assembly. Replacement of common and peculiar support equipment e. ship or vehicle. and other special purpose facilities conversion necessary to achieve system operational status.9. Includes.

Integration and Test. for example: a. For example. integration and test.4 DEFINITIONS OF COMMON ELEMENTS APPLICABLE TO SPACE SYSTEMS When the Space Appendix is used the common elements have been specifically grouped into four subcategories.1 Space Systems. integration and test and program management (SEIT/PM) and Support Equipment. or transferal of equipment for the particular system. the common elements of systems engineering. L. If a contractor (or other developer) manages the project by a different means and does not collect SEIT/PM and Support Equipment data at this level. conversion. Maintenance of these facilities or equipment c.2 Equipment Acquisition or Modernization.4. Consistent with the manner in which space systems are designed. including pipeline and war reserve quantities. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment shall be broken out into their individual 231 . The production equipment acquisition. for example: a. inventory. program management. The construction. and other related activities.3. These subcategories shall be used when creating program/contract WBS. L. whenever possible. for example: a. and checkout on site.everyspec.11 Initial Spares and Repair Parts.1 Construction/Conversion/Expansion. at a minimum. preservation. Includes.10 Industrial Facilities. Equipment acquisition or modernization. modernization.10.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Industrial facilities for hazardous waste management to satisfy environmental standards Excludes. and Program Management (SEIT/PM) and Support Equipment throughout the WBS. at all levels of maintenance and support Excludes. built.10. where applicable b. and contractor depot maintenance required when that service is for the specific system.3. or expansion of industrial facilities for production. The four common elements to be used are systems engineering. Lower level WBS breakouts should be by subsystem. and tested. This pertains to Government owned and leased equipment under facilities contract.3 Maintenance (Industrial Facilities). assembly. The deliverable spare components. for example: a. an electronics product manager with areas of responsibility spanning both ACS and the TT&C subsystems cost may have their effort defined and collected within the Spacecraft Bus SEIT/PM elements. Includes.1. For example. The following paragraphs represent WBS elements common to all Space System WBS elements. The maintenance.4. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L.10. L. and repair of industrial facilities and equipment. there are multiple levels of Systems Engineering. Developmental Test spares and spares provided specifically for use during installation. then the costs shall be reported at the next higher-level WBS element. Lower level elements to the four categories may be created but must sum to the correct category. This section provides the WBS elements common to all Space System WBS elements. and support equipment (SEIT/PM and Support Equipment).3. Repairable spares (repairables) and repair parts required as initial stockage to support and maintain newly fielded systems or subsystems during the initial phase of service. L.3. depot maintenance. The Space community must report.1 SEIT/PM and Support Equipment. subsystem management of the Attitude Control Subsystem should be booked under the ACS WBS element. L.Downloaded from http://www. L. inventory. SEIT/PM and Support Equipment costs be reported with the item(s) they are supporting. Capital equipment L. It is expected that. The real estate and preparation of system peculiar industrial facilities for production. assemblies and subassemblies used for initial replacement purposes in the materiel system equipment end item.3.

Systems engineering efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) for a unit or CSCI (Level 5 element) b. allocation. System safety h. mission assurance and critical skill protection and retention j.1 Systems Engineering. Risk management q. Algorithm development o. derivation.. environments. System documentation n. Mechanical Design Integration (MDI). material and processes (PM&P) z.1. and coordination) g. thermal. from product level to subsystem level) as a whole and not directly part of any other individual element. Development of test plans and procedures b. technical management. including kitting) 232 . maintainability.4. This element includes the effort of technical and functional activities required to assemble and test at one level into a next higher level (e. Launch systems integration that is contained in its own Level 3 element L. Performance assessment and verification/validation f. Technical direction (SE leadership. Requirements analysis and allocation d. HW/SW integration e. The Systems Engineering entity is responsible for the analysis. produceability) k. Contamination and control v.everyspec. Systems engineering and management (SEPM) responsibilities are often indistinct and may be combined into a single SEPM element.1. Trade studies aa.4.1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. Autonomy and fault management w. analysis. Thermal Design Integration (TDI). Systems analysis (e. Parts. for example: a.g.1. Human engineering r. Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) / Electro-Magnetic Interference (EMI) t.. power. SW CSCI integration f. and support efforts for development and production activities. planning. At level five (product level). L. Integration and Test..2 Assembly. Logistics Support Analysis (LSA including reliability. Quality assurance. dynamics. of requirements and interfaces.g. for example: a. mass properties. Recommended Operating Procedures (PROCs).Downloaded from http://www. availability. product assurance i. modeling and simulation) c. HW integration and assembly (e. Configuration control m. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L elements (defined below) for WBS levels one through four (subsystem). Engineering and design (excluding box level) including Electrical Design Integration (EDI). Includes. System studies Excludes. Engineering services l. Includes. for example: a. Other specialty engineering x. Test preparations c. and traceability. Test support and management d. Systems definition b. Security engineering s. Satellite Databases p.g. electrical and mechanical integration. Interface definition and control e. Radiation and survivability u. and Facility Design y. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with all engineering from functional specialists who provide technical planning.

Additionally. move. task. planning and scheduling j. Contract / subcontract management f.4 Systems Engineering and Program Management (SEPM). guides h.everyspec. integrate. This WBS element is a combination of the Systems Engineering and the Program Management responsibility. Project control and planning d. accounting and finance) c.4. Transportation and movement (excludes transportation of the Space Vehicle to the launch pad covered under the Launch Operations WBS element) l. Business management (includes business operations. for example: 1. I&T Facilities Excludes. Government approved. Project management b.1. Delivered initial spares and repair parts n. direct.1. development. Delivered data. leadership. This element can be used at Level 5 (and below) of the WBS when Systems Engineering and Program Management are inseparable. and deliverable content defined above. Includes. assemble.. and conducting initial training Excludes. support and maintain the system or portions of the system. I&T management. Training plans.4. for example: a. IMS. checkout. L. Program Management (PM) includes the resources necessary to manage. Data management including data repository and associated drafting and clerical effort to maintain master. or quality assurance efforts. for example: a.) 3. System test and evaluation to include: Developmental Test and Evaluation. Includes. scheduling. Security management g. Product effectiveness k. Cost and Schedule Reporting (CPR. Technical publications and technical manuals 2. for example: a. Configuration management e. Administration j. Program management efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) for a unit or CSCI (Level 5 element) L.3 Program Management.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. This also pertains to the testing and measurement equipment that allows an operator or maintenance function to evaluate operational conditions of a system or equipment by performing specific diagnostics. etc. Analysis and documentation of test results k. such as the deliverable data required to be listed on a Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL).1. manuals.Downloaded from http://www.1.5 Support Equipment. and Government owned documents i.4. inspection and acceptance h. Peculiar Support Equipment (PSE) 233 . MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L g. WBS. CFSR. Integration hardware m.1. including. it includes training related items used to facilitate instruction through which personnel will learn to operate and maintain the system and elements of the system. Test. screening. Operational Test and Evaluation i. production of custom and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) procurements and integration. Data related items are also captured here. and control all effort contributing to the development. Training services to include: course development. This element pertains to the design. and production of those items and associated software required to build.1. Integration and test efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) for a unit or CSCI (Level 5 element) L. material preparation. for example: a.

tools. Common Support Equipment (CSE) Tooling. Simulators. This WBS element contains all the resources associated with all engineering from functional specialists who provide technical planning. This section provides the WBS elements common to all Launch Vehicle System WBS elements. Performance assessment and verification/validation f. Support equipment efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) for a unit or CSCI (Level 5 element).1 SEIT/PM. test. or otherwise maintain mission equipment f. for example: a. dynamics. transport. and tested. Includes. Manual test equipment l. Systems analysis (e. Configuration control m. for example: a. Mission assurance and critical skill protection and retention j. whenever possible. System safety h. disassemble. produceability) k.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. of requirements and interfaces. taps. reference paragraph L. Requirements analysis and allocation d. product assurance i. maintainability. SEIT/PM costs be reported with the item(s) they are supporting. power. non-powered. Electrical Aerospace Ground Equipment and Mechanical (AGE) i. and training equipment (excludes EMs of Space Vehicle HW that is included within the Space Vehicle HW WBS elements) e. repair. allocation. availability. Support equipment software Excludes. Logistics Support Analysis (LSA including reliability. Integration and Test. overhaul. L. and materiel handling h. and support efforts for development and production activities. inspect.. there are multiple levels of Systems Engineering. dies. powered. modeling and simulation) c. Automatic test equipment k. d. thermal. System documentation 234 . technical management. c. etc. The following paragraphs represent the SEIT/PM WBS elements common to Launch Vehicle System elements. and coordination) g. equipment. hoist. environments. Engineering services l. built. Precision measuring equipment j. L. The Launch Vehicle community has unique application of systems engineering. derivation. Systems definition b. Quality assurance.) Mock-ups/System Integration Labs (SILs). integration and test and program management (SEIT/PM). assemble. planning. Consistent with the manner in which launch vehicle systems are designed.1. Test program sets m. L.5 DEFINITIONS OF COMMON ELEMENTS APPLICABLE TO LAUNCH VEHICLE SYSTEMS. Support and handling equipment including ground.5.g.g. Interface definition and control e.1 Systems Engineering.Downloaded from http://www. service.. For example. The Systems Engineering entity is responsible for the analysis.3 Definitions of Common Elements. and the like used to fuel. Any production of duplicate or modified factory test or tooling equipment delivered to the government for use in maintaining the system g. vehicular. Automated load modules n. analysis. subsystem management of the Reaction Control Subsystem should be booked under the Reaction Control System WBS element. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L b. Technical direction (SE leadership. and traceability. Stimulators. For the remaining Common Elements. Vehicles. mass properties. It is expected that.everyspec. (e. and Program Management (SEIT/PM) throughout the WBS.5.

Includes. Transportation and movement (excludes transportation of the space vehicle to the launch pad (covered under the Launch Operations WBS element) l. System studies Excludes. Algorithm development Recommended Operating Procedures (ROPs). including kitting) g. Test preparations c. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L n. Electrical and Mechanical Integration. such as the deliverable data required to be listed on a Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL). checkout. inspection and acceptance h.Downloaded from http://www. Includes.3 Program Management. Test support and management d. u..g.5. HW Integration and Assembly (e. Test. Analysis and documentation of test results k. x. leadership. and control all effort contributing to the development. Delivered initial spares and repair parts n. Integration hardware m. p. SW CSCI Integration f. Integration and test efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) L. v. This element includes the effort of technical and functional activities required to assemble and test at one level into a next higher level (e. I&T Facilities Excludes. scheduling. Configuration management 235 . production of custom and commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) procurements and integration. HW/SW Integration e. Trade studies aa. Development of test plans and procedures b. Operational Test and Evaluation) i. Business management (includes business operations. System test and evaluation to include: Developmental Test and Evaluation. for example: a. and Facility Design y.1. it includes training related items used to facilitate instruction through which personnel will learn to operate and maintain the system and elements of the system. Data related items are also captured here. Systems engineering efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) L. o. I&T management.2 Assembly. Program Management (PM) includes the resources necessary to manage. Satellite Databases Risk management Human engineering Security engineering Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) / Electro-Magnetic Interference (EMI) Radiation and survivability Contamination and control Autonomy and fault management Other Specialty Engineering engineering and design (excluding box level) including Electrical Design Integration (EDI).1. w. direct. t.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.everyspec. Integration and Test. Parts. s. q. Mechanical Design Integration (MDI). material and processes (PM&P) z. planning and scheduling j. Thermal Design Integration (TDI). Project management b.g. r. accounting and finance) c..5. Additionally. Procedures (PROCs). for example: a. Project control and planning d. from product level to subsystem level) as a whole and not directly part of any other individual element. for example: a.. for example: a.

. and personnel integration.5. and Government owned documents Administration Product effectiveness Training services to include: course development. f. and other related elements into a comprehensive effort. and intra-system and inter-system compatibility assurance. program risk analysis. L. system planning. f. design of test and demonstration plans. System of Systems (SoS) and System Level Architecting. skill levels.5. skill capabilities. IMS. and conducting initial training Excludes. security requirements. Government approved. b. specification tree. using prescribed procedures and resources at specific levels of maintenance and repair.6. Includes. verification and validation and external interface definition and management. maintainability. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L e. human characteristics. human health.4. Cost and Schedule Reporting (CPR. Supportability analyses form the basis for related design requirements included in the system specification and for subsequent decisions concerning how to most cost effectively support the system and its infrastructure over its entire life cycle. CFSR. material preparation. g. h. for example: 1. technical performance measurement. Human systems integration—the engineering process and the series of tasks required to define. etc. subcontractor and vendor reviews. environmental protection. e. and survivability. producibility. suitability and effectiveness for the life of the system. operational effectiveness. materiel development. Supportability analyses—an integral part of the systems engineering process beginning at program initiation and continuing throughout program development. j. manpower. paragraph J. value engineering. preparation of equipment and component performance specifications.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.1 Systems Engineering or Systems Analysis (Blueprinting). including. Includes the ability to return systems to 236 .2 Operational Site Activation. manuals. L. work authorization. the impetus being the sustainment of safety. WBS.Downloaded from http://www. for example: a. c. quality assurance program. the integration of doctrine. The technical and management efforts of directing and controlling a totally integrated engineering effort of a system or program. Training plans. The Common element Operational Site Activation (L. d. determination of software development or software test facility/environment requirements. System definition. Preparation of the Systems Engineering Plan (SEP).3. manning implication. overall system design. design integrity analysis.) 3. technical reviews. safety. system optimization.everyspec. etc. h. for example: a. training. the integration and balancing of reliability. g.6 DEFINITIONS OF COMMON ELEMENTS APPLICABLE TO AUTOMATED INFORMATION SYSTEMS. Technical publications and technical manuals 2. Maintainability engineering—the engineering process and series of tasks required to measure the ability of an item or system to be retained in or restored to a specified condition of readiness. and technical documentation control. guides Data management including data repository and associated drafting and clerical effort to maintain master. Contract / subcontract management Security management Delivered data. modeling and simulation. decision control process. Program management efforts that can be associated specifically with the equipment (Hardware/Software) L. k. configuration management and configuration control.9) should be captured under the Launch Vehicle Element Launch Site (1…n) referenced in Appendix J. as a comprehensive technical and engineering effort. Weapon Systems Integration (WSI) – an overarching set of tools and processes which enables the integration of sound engineering practices at the system level. etc. Reliability engineering—the engineering process and series of tasks required to examine the probability of a device or system performing its mission adequately for the period of time intended under the operating conditions expected to be encountered.. system/cost effectiveness analysis. i.

intermediate. Change management encompasses planning. and personnel skills and training requirements. training system requirements determination. L. and schedule g. and effectiveness (OSS&E) are implemented. data management. warranty administration. life cycle cost. test equipment (including its support equipment).3 Change Management. for example: a.6.) Includes. etc.Downloaded from http://www.. provisioning requirements determination and planning. packaging. and depot maintenance determination management.4 System Test and Evaluation. All system developer in-house effort b. contract management. defined as the logistics tasks management effort and technical control. The use of pilot. models. Determine whether the engineering design is supportable (practical. technical publications. etc.1 Developmental Test and Evaluation. Planning and management of all the functions of logistics. (e. project management. It also includes all effort associated with the development of any specialized tools or data in support of the system level test program. other support requirements determination. Includes . Test facilities L. qualification test and evaluation. b. The logistics management function encompasses the support evaluation and supportability assurance required to produce an affordable and supportable defense materiel system c.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a. organizing. Cost. coordinating. test instrumentation. Developmental test and evaluation b. which are not associated with specific hardware elements and are not included in systems engineering. conducted and monitored by the developing agency of the DoD component. handling. All programs. supply support. test facility operations. Test support e. Maintenance support planning and support facilities planning. suitability. Perform the logistics testing efforts to evaluate the achievement of supportability goals. Estimate the system's military utility when introduced e. Operational test and evaluation c. Mock-ups/System Integration Labs (SIL) d. deliverable maintenance tools. computer resource determination. test equipment. The business and administrative planning.6. schedule. and approval actions designated to accomplish overall program objectives. Support element management. and data management L. the adequacy of the support package for the system. Provide test data with which to examine and evaluate trade-offs against specification requirements. controlling. Demonstrate that the engineering design and development process is complete. organizational. or specifically configured systems to obtain or validate engineering data on the performance of the system during the developmental phase (normally funded from RDT&E) of the program. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L specification level performance after repair/overhaul activities. and logistics testing 237 . maintainable. subcontract management. L. etc. directing. testing and implementation. Demonstrate that the system will meet specifications d. vendor liaison.) For operational use f.g. storage.6. Includes. tests and associated simulations.everyspec. Examples are. It includes test and evaluation conducted to: a. performance measurement management. Change management refers to the broad process for managing organizational change. environmental tests. for example: a. b. This effort is planned. WSI is and integral process through which operational safety. where applicable.4. maintenance instructions. and transportation.2 Program Management. and the business management of the support elements. oversight or governance. support equipment.6. safe. integration ground tests. Demonstrate that the design risks have been minimized c. production.

Training course material development.4.6. SILs are risk reduction facilities where software and hardware can be developed. labor.. and produce a contractor developed training program d. deliverable maintenance tools. Qualification test Accreditation Independent verification and validation Test software L. and models c. Deliverable training services. Logistics testing efforts to evaluate the achievement of supportability goals and the adequacy of the support for the system (e. reliability. etc. Modification or rehabilitation of existing facilities used to accomplish training objectives f.. Such tests as system demonstration. Includes. Test tank test fixtures. and other items such as cutaways. equipment. qualification operational test and evaluation. logistic requirements. inter-operability.3 Mock-ups/System Integration Labs. and parts used to facilitate instruction through which personnel will learn to operate and maintain the system with maximum efficiency. cost of ownership. white rooms. and associated documentation (primarily the computer software.Downloaded from http://www. SILs are often used in lieu of (or in addition to) mock-ups. operational effectiveness. and need for any modifications. integrated.) Consumed during this phase of testing d. logistics supportability (including compatibility. tested and evaluated for both stand alone functionality and/or interoperability prior to being fielded. maintenance. technical publications.everyspec. test chambers Excludes. Includes.4. maintainability. test equipment. SIL software (written to simulate the operating environment or written to operate the SIL) L. personnel skills and training requirements. Hardware/lab equipment b.). development. aids. for example: a. The design engineering and production of system or subsystem ―mock-ups‖. All effort associated with the design. The special test facilities required for performance of the various developmental test necessary to prove the design and reliability of the system or subsystem. Development g. etc. for example: a. Operational trainers.g. courses. operational suitability.g. mock-ups.5 Training. courses and training aids) e.2 Operational Test and Evaluation.6.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. for example: a. and the materials and curriculum required to design. Materiel. execute.6. Includes.6. for example: a. Contractor support (e. Brick and mortar-type facilities identified as industrial facilities L. contractor-conducted training (in-plant and service training). The test and evaluation conducted by agencies other than the developing command to assess the prospective system's military utility. material. f. and support thereto. Test Facilities. Initial operational test and evaluation conducted during the development of a system b. but not limited to: a. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L c. devices. etc. d. required to prove the operational capability of the deliverable system c.4. Training and professional development 238 . or which are not required solely for the conduct of one of the above elements of testing. and production of deliverable training equipment and its associated software as well as the execution of training services b.4. and software support facility/environment elements) L. technical assistance. Includes. maintenance instructions. which have special contractual or engineering significance. maintenance trainers. e. accessories..

facilities data. engineering and logistics activities.6.4 Support Data. for example: a. for example: a. and software supportability planning and software support transition planning documents 239 . for example: a. training. Data item descriptions set forth in categories selected from the Acquisition Management Systems and Data Requirements Control List (DoD 5010. and performance procedures Excludes. Operation and maintenance instructions. Technical publication b.6. Management data d.6. etc.3 Management Data. reports. subsystems. data to support the provisioning process and all other support data. for example: a. for example: a. Technical data package (re-procurement package) that includes all engineering drawings.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. The data items designed to document support planning in accordance with functional categories. reliability. Technical data.6. material composition. Engineering data c.6. contract funds status reports. User training costs L.Downloaded from http://www. process descriptions. contractual data management. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L h. and packaging information.6. for example: a. Supply. Engineering data defines and documents an engineering design or product configuration (sufficient to allow duplication of the original items) and is used to support production. integrated support plans L. cost performance reports. handling. milestones. Technical orders that meet the criteria of this definition may also be classified as technical manuals. Computer software or financial. Training software Excludes.6.12-L) L. Contractor cost reports.6.6 Data. parts lists or parts breakdown. Data repository L. cost. operation. general maintenance plans and reports. procedures. Includes. administrative. for example: a. schedule. transportation.1 Technical Publication. and other engineering analysis b. providing instructions for installation. and related technical information or procedures exclusive of administrative procedures b. and support.2 Engineering Data. maintenance. cost or pricing. Support data e. All final plans. Data may be presented in any form regardless of the form or method of recording. associated lists. storage. availability.everyspec. Includes. The deliverable data required to be listed on a contract data requirements list. (required by the Government). Recorded scientific or technical information (regardless of the form or method of recording) including computer software documentation. networks. component engineering. and other documents defining physical geometry. and maintainability. schedules. or management data or other information incidental to contract administration L. human factors. computer and computer resource programs. The data items necessary for configuration management. program management. Includes. formatted into a technical manual.6. DD Form 1423. operational testing. and documentation pertaining to systems. Includes. training data. Includes.

This facility is a distinct entity. for example: a.) b. Acquisition of additional quantities of this equipment needed to support the item b. utilities.6. user site(s). Government. Data migration Note: This element will also include the real estate.6.5 Data Repository. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L. and production of those deliverable items and associated software required to support and maintain the system or portions of the system while the system is not directly engaged in the performance of its mission. presently in the DoD inventory or commercially available. (Factory test and tooling equipment initially used by the contractor in the production process but subsequently delivered to the Government will be included as cost of the item produced. Any up-front effort involved with designing/engineering the solution for a particular site should be included in under Client-side Site Development. 240 . The costs associated with deploying the AIS solution at the). for example: a. Any effort related to re-design of the solution once implementation has begun should be captured here. As custodian for the Government. maintains these master documents at the latest approved revision level. bought by the using command. service. Deployment hardware and software b. Includes. Site types should be specifically defined.1 Site Type 1.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.8 Common Support Equipment. construction. Includes.7 Peculiar Support Equipment. and launch the AIS solution at the user sites. for example: a. in support of its engineering and production activities L.9.Downloaded from http://www. systems Engineering/Program Management b. The items required to support and maintain the system or portions of the system while not directly engaged in the performance of its mission. The design. This should cover only those efforts that are incurred at the implementation site. development. Any production of duplicate or modified factory test or tooling equipment delivered to the Government for use in maintaining the system. Any additional equipment or software required to maintain or modify the software portions of the system Excludes. All similar effort for facility’s specification and drawing control system. Includes. Overall planning. for example: a. Captures the costs associated with the primary site type for the AIS implementation. Common support equipment.9 Operational Site Activation (Production/Deployment). The facility designated to act as custodian to maintain a master engineering specification and establish a drawing depository service for Government approved documents that are the property of the U. management and task analysis functions inherent in the work breakdown structure element. User training d. for example (by site type): a. conversion. the repository. Includes. and which are presently in the DoD inventory for support of other systems. L.everyspec. not by the acquiring command L.S. authorized by approved change orders. All efforts required to assure the availability of this equipment to support the item L. and which are not common support equipment. Site activation labor c.6.6. for example: a. and equipment to provide all facilities required to house.6. All drafting and clerical effort necessary to maintain documents Excludes.6.

for example: a. L.4 Data Migration.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14.9.1. Excludes. for example: a.1 Deployment Hardware and Software.1. This should cover only those efforts that are incurred at the implementation site.everyspec. Included in this element should be any Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) hardware purchased for the primary site type 1. Any costs incurred as a result of revising the training courses and/or materials once implementation has begun should also be captured here. Included in this element should be any Commercial-Off-the-Shelf (COTS) deployment software purchased for the primary site type 1.1. This element includes the effort for translating data from one format to another. as well as course development and material costs that are not incurred as a result of circumstances encountered at the user sites L. CPUs.6. This element includes the costs associated with shipping costs to the site. This should cover only those efforts that are incurred at the implementation site.1. test and checkout to allow implementation of the AIS solution. Includes. data migration is performed by a set of customized programs or scripts that automatically transfer the data. L.1. for example: a. The primary cost captured here will be the labor costs of instructors to train users on the new system and business processes required to operate within the new system(s).6. L. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L.9.6.2 Site Activation.6. Data loading Excludes. Data translation b. UPS f.9.2 Deployment Software.3 User Training. Includes.6. site preparation. Other/ancillary equipment Excludes.1. Security/crypto e. L.1.3 User Documentation (Place Holder). Use lower levels to identify individual legacy systems. Any effort related to re-design of the solution once implementation has begun should be captured here.1. Data cleansing c.) b. Development /test hardware (captured with the prime mission product) L. Typically. Storage d.9.6. for example: a.9. External System Interface Development Note: Data migration is necessary when an organization decides to use a new computing systems or database management system that is incompatible with the current system. equipment installation. site survey. 241 . etc. Any up-front costs associated with training the trainers.9.Downloaded from http://www. Also include any expense associated with the transition of data from the legacy systems to the AIS solution.1. This element represents the effort involved with training the users of the implemented AIS solution at the user sites. equipment integration.9. This would include the purchase of software licenses related to the AIS solution.1. Network/communications c. for example: a.6.1 Deployment Hardware. Processing equipment (servers.

This may be a Software Integration Laboratory (SIL). including pipeline and war reserve quantities. Deployment hardware/software refresh f. The deliverable spare components. Equipment acquisition or modernization.9. Developmental test spares and spares provided specifically for use during installation. This could include system maintenance.6. Capital equipment L. Maintenance of these facilities or equipment c. Also includes operation and Maintenance up to FOC.6. lower level WBS breakouts should be by subsystem 242 . System database administration e. MIL-STD-881C APPENDIX L L. for example: b. Software maintenance g. or expansion of industrial facilities for production. Independent verification and validation L.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. This would include systems engineering/program management effort associated with a specific site. These could be costs incurred as a result of continuing contractor support or by the Government. and contractor depot maintenance required when that service is for the specific system.10 Industrial Facilities. Systems engineering and program management b.Downloaded from http://www. Help desk d. Includes. for example: a. as well as any system test and evaluation specific to particular user sites. assembly. and change management efforts performed by the contractor in the interim before the Government is able to perform these tasks. where applicable b. Follow on training h.6.1. Interim Logistics Support (ILS) costs represent those costs associated with transitioning the system from a contractor supported system to an organically supported system.6. Includes. business process re-engineering. inventory.11 Initial Spares and Repair Parts. This element captures those support elements that are attributable only to specific user /implementation sites. and checkout on sit. Repairable spares (repairables) and repair parts required as initial stockage to support and maintain newly fielded systems or subsystems during the initial phase of service. Accreditation i. assemblies and subassemblies used for initial replacement purposes in the materiel system equipment end item. This element captures the costs of supporting the AIS solution once Operational Site Activation (element L.9.6 Interim Logistics Support. L.9) is complete and the system has reach full operational capability (FOC). at all levels of maintenance and support Excludes.everyspec. Includes. Industrial facilities for hazardous waste management to satisfy environmental standards Excludes. for example: a. System operations / sustaining engineering c. conversion.5 Management/Engineering Support. for example: a.6.1. The construction. for example: b.

AT. CR Navy-AS. Since organizations and responsibilities can change. you should verify the currency of the information above using the ASSIST Online database at https://assist. MIL-STD-881C CONCLUDING MATERIAL Custodians: Army – MI Navy-SH Air Force – 10 Preparing Activity OSD-WB (Project No.daps. AV. 71. MISC-2010-002) Review Activities: Army-AR.Downloaded from http://www.everyspec. 84 NOTE: The activities listed above were interested in this document as of the date of this document. MC. 16.mil 243 . 19. OS Air Force-11.dla.com on 2012-08-06T17:58:14. 70.