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Beyond 2010: Leadership for the Next Generation A UP Academic Congress February 1 to 5, 2010 Malcolm Hall, College of Law

University of the Philippines

Session 1: Jobs and the Cost of Doing Business in the Philippines Dr. Cielito F. Habito Department of Economics, Ateneo Manila University Profile Dr. Cielito F. Habito is currently a Professor of Economics at the Ateneo de Manila University, where he is the Director of the Ateneo Center for Economic Research and Development (ACERD). He also sits in the Boards of several corporations and foundations, including the Manila Water Corporation, Metrobank Card Corporation, Brain Trust Inc., Clean Air Initiative-Asia, Galing Pook Foundation, Cahbriba Alternative School Foundation, and the Ramos Peace and Development Foundation (RPDEV). He also writes the weekly column ―No Free Lunch‖ in the Philippine Daily Inquirer. He was the youngest member of the Cabinet of Philippine President Fidel V. Ramos as Secretary of Socioeconomic Planning/NEDA Director-General throughout his six-year presidency from 1992 to 1998. He chaired the Philippine Council for Sustainable Development from 1992-1998, and was elected Chair of the Sixth Session of the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development in New York in 1998. Before joining government in 1990, he was Professor and Chairman of the Department of Economics at the University of the Philippines-Los Baños (UPLB), and had also worked at Kyoto University and the World Bank. Dr. Habito holds a Ph.D. (1984) and M.A. (1981) in Economics from Harvard University, a Master of Economics (1978) from the University of New England (Australia), and B.S. Agricultural Economics, Summa cum Laude (1975) from UPLB. He is the recipient of numerous awards, including the Philippine Legion of Honor in 1998, The Outstanding Young Men (TOYM) Award (for Economics) in 1991, Most Outstanding Alumnus of UPLB in 1993, and the Gawad Lagablab (Outstanding Alumnus Award) of the Philippine Science High School in 1991. Born April 20, 1953, he is married to the former Pilar Relova, with whom he has five children. Paper Abstract Most of the poverty and unemployment is in the rural and agricultural sector. To create jobs in the rural areas, we have to make our agriculture and agri-based industries very dynamic. One way is to lower transportation cost, reduce input cost and allow larger firms to participate via sanctioning larger land ownership.

Dr. Cayetano Paderanga, Jr. School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • Ph. D., Economics, Stanford University, U.S.A., 1979 • Graduate Studies in Industrial Economics, Center for Communication, Philippines, 1969-1972 • B.S., Commerce, De La Salle University, Philippines, 1968

Research

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Current Executive Positions: • Chairman- Institute for Development and Econometric Analysis, Inc., since 1999; Foundation for Integrative and Development Studies, since 2000 • Vice-Chair, Advisory Council- National Cooperative Movement • Member, Board of Directors- Angelo King Institute, De La Salle University, since 1999; Institute For Solidarity in Asia, since 1999 • Senior Economic Adviser- Philexport, Inc.; Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry; Employers Confederation of the Philippines, since 2000 • Member- Advisory Council, Special Training Employment Advocacy and Management for Deaf Persons (STEAM), since 2000; Board of Advisors, Center for Urban Management and Environment, 2004; Board of Advisors, Philippine Chamber of Industrial Estates and Ecozones, 2004; Advisory Council, Kaliwat Camiguingnon, Inc.; American Studies Association of the Philippines (ASAP), since 1985; Philippine Statistical Association, Inc. since 2005 Teaching Position: • Professor, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Professional Memberships: • National Research Council of the Philippines • Philippine Economics Society • American Economic Association Paper Abstract In order for jobs to be created, investments have to be made. In turn there must be reasonable prospects for profit. In the Philippines job creation has been slow because the investment rate is very low. One big reason is that the cost of starting and running a business is also very high with the cost of power, transport cost and cost of security and remediation through the courts. This is especially true of firms competing with foreign goods. We look at these costs and suggest remedies.

Session 2: Debt and Deficits Dr. Felipe M. Medalla School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • Ph.D. (Economics), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois USA, 1983 • M.A. (Economics), University of the Philippines, 1976 • AB-BSC (Economics-Accounting), cum laude, De La Salle University, Manila Philippines, 1970 Teaching Positions • July 1991 – present : Professor, School of Economics, University of the Philippines (Joined the School of Economics faculty as instructor in 1976) • July 1998 – Jan 2001 : Secretary of Socio-Economic Planning and DirectorGeneral of National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) • June1994 – June 1998 : Dean, School of Economics, University of the Philippines Other Positions • 2002 - present : Chairman, Foundation for Economic Freedom (FEF) • 1994 – June 1998 : Executive Director, Philippine Center for Economic Development (PCED) and Chairman, UP Econ Foundation Recent Publications • ―Philippine GDP Growth after the Asian Financial Crisis: Resilient Economy or Weak Statistical System?‖ (With Karl Jandoc). The Philippine Review of Economics, vol. 46, no. 1, June 2009. • ―Economic Integration in East Asia: A Philippine Perspective.‖ East Asia Vision: Perspectives on Economic Development, I. Gill, Y. Huang and H. Karas eds., Washington D.C., 2007.

Dr. Benjamin E. Diokno School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Dr. Benjamin E. Diokno provides policy advice and conducts research in the following areas: public economics (with focus on structure and scope of government tax policies and tax reform; government expenditure analysis; national budget, deficit and debt; and decentralization and intergovernmental relations), public expenditure management, resource economics (with focus on public policy on water and oil), and economic development (with focus on ASEAN transitional economies). Educational Background 1981 – Ph.D. (Economics), Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, U.S.A.

1976 – M.A. Political Economy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A. 1974 - M.A. Economics, U. of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1970 - Master of Public Administration, U. of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines 1968 - B.A. Public Admin, U. of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines Teaching Positions June 1994 - present: Philippine Naitonal Bank Professor of Economics at the School of Economics, University of the Philippines, Diliman. July 1998 - January 2001 : Secretary of Budget and Management, Department of Budget and Management, Republic of the Philippines Recent Publications ―Decentralization in the Philippines After Ten Years -- What Have We Learned?‖ in Shinichi Ichimura and Roy Bahl, editors, Decentralization Policies in Asian Development, World Scientific, 2009.

Prof. Leonor M. Briones National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the PhilippinesDiliman Profile Prof. Leonor Magtolis Briones is presently Co-Convenor of Social Watch Philippines, CoCoordinator of Social Watch Asia, and member of the International Coordinating Committee of the Global network of Social Watch. The network was organized to monitor the implementation of the commitments of governments at the Copenhagen Summit in 1995. Social Watch is actively engaging governments and the international community on the Millennium Development Goals. Prof. Briones has likewise devoted her life to research, teaching and advocacy on development issues such as debt, structural adjustment programs and their impact, social development and globalization. She has addressed numerous national, regional and international meetings and fora. Her work combines unwavering advocacy work, backed by research, writing and teaching experience, and practical experience in the real world of governance. Prof. Briones is former President of Freedom from Debt Coalition. She was formerly Secretary to the Commission on Audit, Vice President for Finance and Administration of the University of the Philippines, and Treasurer of the Philippines in concurrent capacity as Presidential Adviser for Social Development. Prof. Briones finished her undergraduate degree in Business Administration at Silliman University, magna cum laude. She obtained her master’s degree in Public Administration at the University of the Philippines, as a consistent dean’s lister. She then went to Leeds University in England for advanced studies in Public Enterprises and completed her studies with distinction. Prof. Briones went twice to Harvard University for special programs.

At present, she teaches public fiscal administration courses in the graduate level of the National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines. She is also the current Chair of the Silliman University Board of Trustees. Prof. Briones’ writes a weekly column, the Business of Governance, for ABS-CBN interactive news Monday edition. She also writes for Business Mirror, Opinion section (every other Mondays).

Session 3: Backrooms, Battlefields, and Backhoes: The Mindanao Conundrum Dean Julkipli M. Wadi Institute of Islamic Studies, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Julkipli Wadi is Dean and Associate Professor at the Institute of Islamic Studies, University of the Philippines Diliman. He has written a number of works on Islamic diplomacy, regional security, political Islam, The Philippines and the Muslim world, Bangsamoro struggle, and many others. He has attended international conferences and presented papers on various subjects and topics. He is a member of Research Association of Islamic Social Sciences, Philippine Political Science Association; International Movement for Just Society, and Human Development Network. The Philippines and Bangsamoro Polity: Breaking the ―Sisyphean Ordeal‖ Paper Abstract The relation of the Philippine State and the Bangsamoro polity has been subjected into a cycle of what may be referred to as ―Sisyphean ordeal,‖ wherein every time a new development emerges, say, a vision of social order, political arrangement, policy reform and the like, it is always followed and often times countered by subsequent development leaving the whole relation in tatters while the vision is left to cascade into irrelevance dramatically; so that it would take another time before a new effort, another visioning is made to kick off once again. Ironically, Philippine-Moro relation has been punctuated by a series of such cycles in both past and recent history. Why? Is their a way to break the ordeal? Is a new, real start possible? Where do we begin?

Prof. Rudy B. Rodil Department of History, Mindanao State University-Iligan Institute of Technology Profile B. R. Rodil’s full name is Rudy Buhay Rodil, a Mindanao historian and peace advocate. He was a member of the GRP peace negotiating panel in the GRP-MNLF peace negotiations in 1993-96, and also member and vice chair of the GRP Panel in the talks with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front, Dec 2004 to 3 Sep 08. Now retired, he was

professor of history at MSU-Iligan Institute of Technology for 23 years. He started his studies on Mindanao, especially on the Moro and Lumad affairs, in the summer of 1973. He has so far written four books, several monographs and 117 articles. As active peace advocate, he has participated mostly as resource person in more than 600 forums, seminars and conferences related to the creation of a culture of peace in Mindanao. He will soon finish his PhD in Philippine Studies at the University of the Philippines, Diliman Campus. Lumad Role in Mindanao Development Paper Abstract At the end of the Spanish colonial regime the 35 tribes and subtribes Lumad indigenous communities in Mindanao were spread out in the greater part of Mindanao, except in traditional Moro areas. In the year 2000, as a result of sustained government resettlement program, they were severely marginalized, their population down to 8.9 percent of the total Mindanao inhabitants. But they have awakened to the realization that they, too, like the Indigenous Peoples all over the world, have their own identity, their own right to self-determination. Now their effort is focused on securing their ancestral domain claims, their right to govern themselves in accordance with their customary laws. It is important for government and for the other segments of the Mindanao population to grasp that recognizing Lumad need for self-determination within their ancestral domains, allowing them to create and develop their own social spaces, will solidly contribute to a stronger Philippines.

Dr. Eduardo C. Tadem Asian Center, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Eduardo Climaco Tadem is Professor of Asian Studies at the University of the Philippines, Diliman. He holds a Ph.D in Southeast Asian Studies from the National University of Singapore and a Master of Arts in Asian Studies from the University of the Philippines. He has published 5 books, 4 monographs, 22 book articles, and 36 papers in Philippine and international journals and periodicals and conducted 24 social science research studies. His research and publication topics include the political economy of foreign aid, ASEAN regional integration, peasant society, agrarian reform and rural development, industry studies, regional development (particularly in Mindanao), rural unrest and social movements, Philippine-Japan relations, conflicts over natural resources, international labor migration, foreign investments, and contemporary politics. He has also served as chairperson or board member of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) engaged in socio-economic development advocacy and research work. An Overview of the Political Economy of Mindanao Paper Abstract It is widely believed that economic growth and development have bypassed the southern regions of the Philippines. This is seen as the cause of the serious political problems that now plague Mindanao. A closer look at Mindanao’s socio-economy development, however, reveals a different picture. Far from being isolated from the mainstream of the

national economy, the region has been a major performer and a primary contributor to the country’s productive capacities. Lured by vast reserves of natural resources, business concerns have invested capital and technology and established ventures that have generated enormous profits for their owners and executives. But the resulting wealth and incomes have not benefited the greater majority of its people. Poverty and other social indicators point to a more distressed condition for Mindanao residents than for the nation as a whole. This paradox of high growth rates and the simultaneous existence of an impoverished population have challenged scholars and development planners for many years. In the Mindanao case, this enigma is exacerbated by the effects of internal colonialism—the transfer of wealth from the southern regions to the nucleus of economic and political power in the north.

Mr. Francisco J. Lara Jr. Ph.D. Candidate, London School of Economics and Political Science Profile Francisco J. Lara, Jr. is a Ph.D. Candidate at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is also Research Associate at the Crisis States Research Center, Development Studies Institute, London School of Economics. He used to teach at the Univeristy of the Philippines Department of Sociology and once headed the British Volunteer Service Organization (VSO) in the Philippines. Armed Challenges in Muslim Mindanao: The Political Economy of Conflict and Exclusion Paper Abstract The paper is an attempt to provide the larger context to understand the Maguindanao massacre by adopting a nuanced approach that combines political economy and institutionalism. An interface is established between two types of ―armed challenges‖ in Muslim Mindanao: the ―vertical armed challenge against the state,‖ as represented by the MNLF and the MILF, and ―horizontal armed challenges‖ symbolized by ―inter- and intra-clan and group violence.‖ At the root of conflict is an ―exclusionary political economy that is developed and sustained through a complex system of contest and violence‖ which has kept impoverished the majority of Muslims and the ARMM provinces. The minimal growth experienced by ARMM has been artificially driven by ―reconstruction and election-driven consumption spending.‖ These plus ―the exploitation of both lootable (e.g., valuable gems, drugs, timber, agricultural products) or non-lootable (e.g., oil and gas) resources in post-conflict areas opens up new arenas of competition and conflict, and a rise in separatist and non-separatist violence.‖ The paper shows how the illicit (informal) sector contributes to this exclusionary political economy. It describes and catalogs the activities of the ―underground economy‖ in Muslim Mindanao, their impact on poverty, and the ferocity with which political clans vie for and defend their power.

Session 4: Building Blocks to the Universal Enjoyment of the Right to Health Dean Alberto G. Romualdez, Jr. Graduate School for Health Sciences, Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila Profile Dr. Alberto G. Romualdez, Jr. is the Dean of the Graduate School of Health Sciences at the Pamantasan ng Lungsod ng Maynila, and a fellow on Tumor Immunology at the University of Connecticut and Membrane Biophysics at the Harvard Medical School in the Uited States. He is an alumnus of the UP College of Medicine which he later served as professor of physiology and as dean. He had been Director of the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (1981-84), Executive Director of the Philippine Council for Health Research and Development in the National Science and Development Authority (1982-87), and regional adviser of the World Health Organisation for health manpower development, eventually becoming its Western Pacific regional director for health services planning and development. Two years after his retirement from WHO in 1996. He was appointed Secretary of Health under the Estrada Administration. From 2002 to 2004, Dr Romualdez was president of FriendlyCare Foundation, Inc. which operates family care clinics with focus on the delivery of reproductive health services to low-income families. Dr Romualdez delivered a UP Centennial Lecture entitled ―The State of the Nation’s Health‖ in September 2008. Status of the Philippine Health System Paper Abstract The main feature of the Philippines’ health sector is a failure in basic equity which is the reason that, in almost all measures of health status, the Philippines lags behind most countries of comparable levels of socio-economic development. Health inequity results from: 1.) fragmentation of health service delivery systems; 2.) weak mechanisms for regulation of the provision of health goods and services; 3.) lack of transparency and accountability in the governance structures of health programs and service; 4.) a dysfunctional and non-responsive system for the production, deployment, and management of its health workforce structure; 5.) a rudimentary and poorly automated health information system; and, 6.) an inadequate and unfair health financing policy that relies heavily on out of pocket payments. To address inequity, the Philippine health system needs wide-reforms to achieve universal health care.

Dr. Edelina Padilla-Dela Paz College of Medicine, University of the Philippines Profile Dr. Edelina P. Dela Paz is an Associate Professor of the College of Medicine, University of the Philippines in Manila. She is the Vice Chair for Community Medicine of the Department of Family and Community Medicine and the Vice Chief of the Social Medicine Unit of the UP College of Medicine. Dr. Dela Paz graduated with a degree in BS Biology from the College of Arts and Sciences in UP Diliman in 1976 afterwhich she pursued a Doctor of Medicine degree from the College of Medicine in UP Manila where she graduated in 1980. After getting her license to practice medicine, she worked with the community based health programs under the auspices of the Council for Primary Health Care, then the umbrella network of many community-based health programs in the Philippines. She later became the Executive Director of the Bukluran para sa Kalusugan ng Sambayanan (BUKAS) which was established as a lobby group in 1986 after the EDSA People Power Revolution. When the National Drug Policy was deliberated on in 1987, Dr. Dela Paz, was one of the staunch advocates of the Philippine Drug Action Network actively lobbying in Congress for the passage of health bills that would ensure the adoption of the essential drugs concept, rational drug use through the use of generics, affordable drug prices and access to safe, efficacious, and quality drugs. This advocacy has consistently continued through the years up to the present in the various organizations that she is involved with. Currently, Dr. Dela Paz is the Executive Director of the Health Action Information Network (HAIN), the focal point in the Philippines and in Southeast Asia of the global People’s Health Movement (PHM), a member of the Advisory Council of the Health Action International Asia Pacific, a member of the International People’s Health Council, and a temporary adviser of the WHO WPRO on the Regional Strategy to Access Essential Drugs. She is also the Vice President of the Health Action for Human Rights, a member of the Community Medicine Practitioners and Associates Society, and a convenor of the Consumers Action for Empowerment. Dr. Dela Paz is married to Dr. Daniel A. Dela Paz, Jr., a surgeon at the Philippine General Hospital, and they have four sons. Ensuring Access to Safe, Affordable and Quality Essential Medicines Paper Abstract The high cost, poor availability, and irrational use of medicines are chronic burdens of Filipinos. The oligopoly characterizing the Philippine drug industry has continued to hold sway through more than two decades of relatively feeble government measures. The dominant transnational drug manufacturers have maintained their monopolies and through the pharmaceutical patent system, transfer pricing schemes, and unbridled drug advertising and promotion. The local manufacturing industry is almost wholly dependent on imported materials. Future policy direction must actually be a restoration of the abandoned pillars of the 1987 National Drug Policy: self-reliance, towards building a true local manufacturing industry; quality assurance, by fortifying and scaling up the Food and Drug Administration; rational drug use, by regulating advertising to the public and to health professionals, and rigorously implementing the Generics Law; and people empowerment

by facilitating the provision of objective information on medicines to the public and health professionals. The national health insurance system must play a crucial role in ensuring access of medicines for the poor. All these measures must necessarily be accompanied by changes in the entire health care system as well, and by changes geared towards ensuring the economic and social wellbeing especially of poor Filipinos.

Dr. Elizabeth R. Paterno College of Medicine, University of the Philippines Profile Dr. Elizabeth R. Paterno is an Associate Professor of the UP College of Medicine. She is the Director of the Community Health and Development Program (CHDP) which is a partnership between UP and the Municipal Government of San Juan, Batangas. CHDP makes use of interdisciplinary approaches in working with communities in meeting socio-economic needs, especially in the area of primary health care. Primary Health Care: Health in the Hands of the People (Paper Title)

Former Dean Fatima A. Castillo College of Arts and Sciences, University of the Philippines-Manila Profile Prof. Fatima Alvarez Castillo is professor of political science and qualitative research, and former dean of the College of Arts and Sciences at the University of the Philippines Manila. She conducts studies on issues relevant to human rights and justice. Women’s rights and gender inequity are a consistent focus in her research and advocacy. She is currently the gender specialist in two international projects: (1) fair benefit sharing in biological research; and (2) constructing a global system for incentivising pharmaceuticals to invest in drug development for diseases that plague the poor. She is a partner investigator in a multicountry study that seeks to develop gender sensitive indicators of poverty and inequity. Many of her works are published as articles in peer reviewed local and international journals and as chapters in books. She is an expert reviewer for international journals Reproductive Health Matters and BMJ. She is lead editor for the 2010 special issue on women and health of the Asian Bioethics Review Journal. She is a member of the International Advisory Committee of a qualitative research on the ethics consciousness and practice of service providers in obstetric care that is being conducted by the Center for the Study of Ethics and Rights in Mumbai, India. More information on her work can be found in http://www.fatimacastillo.com.ph. Women’s Right to Health: Examining Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health in the Philippines through the Gender Justice Lens (Paper Title)

Session 5: Fundamentalisms and Secularism Dr. Sylvia Estrada-Claudio Center for Women’s Studies, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • B.S. in Psychology, cum laude, University of the Philippines, 1977. • Doctor of Medicine, University of the Philippines, 1981. • Medical intern, Philippine General Hospital, 1981-1982. • Research fellow, at the Institute of Developmental Research Amsterdam, University of Amsterdam, 1991. • Ph.D. in Psychology, University of the Philippines, 1996. Professional Experience • Professor, Department of Women and Development Studies, College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City. • Director, University of the Philippines Center for Women’s Studies. • Secretary of the Board, University Center for Women's Studies Foundation, Inc. Recent Publications • A Pilot Study on Children in Crisis. Published in the Proceedings of the International Seminar Workshop on Children in Crisis. Quezon City Philippines, 1990. • ―Keynote Address: In Search of Balanced Perspectives and Global Solidarity for Women’s Health and Reproductive Rights.‖ in Proceedings of the Sixth International Women and Health Meeting, 1990. Quezon City, 1992. Papers and Research Work • Paper Delivered: ―Conversations with a Radical‖. CEDAW-WATCH Planning Session, March 27, 2006. Miriam College, Quezon City. • Keynote address delivered: Health, Justice and Democracy. At the Annual General Meeting of Interpares. April 24, 2006. • Paper Delivered: ―The International Women and Health Meetings: Catalyst and End Product of the Global Feminist Health Movement‖ at the ―Transnationalisation of Solidarities and Women Movements‖ Conference. Political Science Department, Universite de Montreal, April 27-28, 2006.

Prof. Ibarra M. Gutierrez III College of Law, University of the Philippines Educational Background Profile

- Masters of Laws (Public Service), Major in Economic and Social Rights and International Law, New York University 2004 - Bachelor of Laws, University of the Philippines 1998 - Bachelor of Science in Economics, cum laude, University of the Philippines 1994 Professional Experience - Director, 2001-present, Institute of Human Rights, University of the Philippines Law Center As Director of the Institute of Human Rights, is supervisor and lead researcher for all projects and activities of the Institute. The Institute has been involved in numerous researches, publications, and training programs relating to various areas of human rights, good governance, legal reform, and access to justice. It is the leading academic and research institution in the Philippines working in the field of human rights in relation to law and legal reform. A partial list of projects undertaken by the Institute is provided below. - Assistant Professor, 2001-present, College of Law, University of the Philippines Teaches courses in human rights, local governments, criminal law, property law, public officers, and election law. Recent Publications - Manual on International Human Rights Treaties and Mechanisms, Editor, Institute of Human Rights, UP Law Center, 2005 - Teaching Modules on Gender, Ethics, and Human Rights Perspectives in Law (Textbook), co-authored with Ildefenso R. Jimenez, Rowena D. Morales, and Elizabeth A. Pangalangan, Reproductive Health Rights and Ethics Center for Studies and Training (ReproCen), March 2003

Session 6: The Diaspora of Filipinos: Strategic Issues, Concerns and Alternatives Prof. Mary Lou L. Alcid College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the PhilippinesDiliman Profile Prof. Mary Lou L. Alcid is an Associate Professor at the College of Social Work and Community Development (CSWCD), UP Diliman. She is currently the Chair of the Department of Social Work, Convenor of the CSWCD Migration Research Cluster, and President of the National Association for Social Work Education Inc. (NASWEI).

Prof. Alcid took up B.S. Social Work at UP Diliman, and M.S. in Rural Development Planning at the Asian Institute of Technology in Thailand. Her interest and continuing activism in international labor migration began in 1986 with her internship and subsequent leadership role in the Asia Pacific Mission for Migrant Filipinos in Hong Kong. In 1989, she helped establish Kanlungan Centre Foundation Inc., a Philippinebased NGO that promotes the rights and wellbeing of overseas Filipinos and their families through direct services, research, policy and legislative advocacy, local economy development, and organizing of families of overseas workers to engage in local governance. It was her work with Kanlungan, the Network Opposed to Violence against Women Workers, and the Migrant Forum in Asia that led to her selection as one of 27 Filipinas amongst 1,000 women all over the globe who were nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2005. Prof. Alcid has conducted and published country reports on Filipino migration as well as policy researches on the situation of Filipina domestic workers and entertainers; marriage migration of women from the Philippines to South Korea; gender, migration and GATS Mode 4; and NGO-Trade Union cooperation in the defense of the rights of overseas Filipinos. She contributed a chapter entitled ― Overseas Filipino Workers: Sacrificial Lambs at the Altar of Deregulation‖ in the book International Migration and Sendng Countries: Perceptions, Policies and Transnational Relations‖ edited by Eva Ostergaard Nielsen, and a case analysis on child trafficking using a human rights perspective which is contained in the book Learning to Dance: Advancing Women's Reproductive Health and Well-Being from the Perspectives of Public Health and Human Rights, published by the Harvard School of Public Health. Prof. Alcid, as part of the World Charter of Migrants Project, has written and proposed a Charter of Migrants for Asia . Said Project brings together migrants’ organisations in drawing up a charter of principles that guarantee the right to mobility and to the creation of a world without walls. An Overview on the Global Presence of Filipinos: Location, Discourse and Engagements (Paper Title)

Dr. Virgel C. Binghay Director, Center for Industry Productivity & Competitiveness, School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Dr. Virgel C. Binghay is currently Associate Professor and Director, Center for Industry Productivity & Competitiveness at the School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines (U.P.-SOLAIR) in Diliman where he teaches graduate students subjects in industrial relations and human resource development and conducts researches/studies in the same fields of discipline. He is Consultant/Extensionist on general management, industrial relations and human capital management. Aside from his numerous local engagements, Dr. Binghay is an international lecturer. He has lectured in conferences and seminars in Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Europe.

His research works are published in various conference proceedings and in local and foreign journals. He is the author of the books entitled ―Organizational Ethnography: Socialization in Organizations‖ (2005) ―Enhancing Quality Customer Service for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises‖ (2007), ―Trade Unions Today‖ (2007), and ―Talent Management, Migration and Globalization‖(2009). He co-edited the book on ―Masters Theses in Industrial Relations (2008). He was issue editor of the Philippine Journal of Labor & Industrial Relations and reader/critique of research outputs. Dr. Binghay earned the following degrees: Ph.D. in Educational Sociology and Anthropology; his Master of Industrial Relations (Major in Human Resource Development); and Diploma in Industrial Relations all at the University of the Philippines in Diliman; Bachelor of Arts in Sociology from the University of the Philippines at Los Banos; and Diploma in Quality Management from the Tokyo Kenshu Center in Japan. Dr. Binghay is a recipient of various awards and recognitions. Among them is the ―2008 Natatanging Alumni Award‖ of U.P.-SOLAIR in the field of Labor Education and Research. In 2006, he received the prestigious ―HR Leadership Award‖ during the World HRD Congress’ ―Global HR Excellence Awards‖ held in India. He is a member of the ―Pi Gamma Mu‖ - the International Social Science Honor Society. For his contributions in Industrial Relations and Management, he received the award – ―2003 Ten Outstanding Young Dapitanon.‖ The Philippine Association of Labor Management Councils honored him with the ―LMC Partnership Award.‖ Ensuring Occupational Health and Safety for Overseas Filipino Seafarers (Paper Title)

Dr. Jorge V. Tigno Department of Political Science, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Dr. Jorge V. Tigno is Associate Professor in the Political Science Department of the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy (CSSP) at the University of the Philippines in Diliman. He has been teaching in UP since 1989. He has a masteral degree in political science and a doctoral degree in public administration from UP. Dr. Tigno’s current and previous research undertakings include an examination of the nexus between migration and local development in the Philippines; the interface between national and local governance and the involvement of civil society organizations in decision-making in the Philippines; political party dynamics and elections in the Philippines; undocumented migration from Thailand, the Philippines, and Indonesia to Japan and Taiwan; and the politics of transnational migration. Dr. Tigno currently sits in the boards of the National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP) in which he chairs the Division of Social Sciences; Social Weather Stations (SWS); Unlad Kabayan; Kanlungan Center Foundation, Inc.; the Institute for Strategic and Development Studies (ISDS); and the Philippine Political Science Association (PPSA). He is also a member of the Philippine Migration Research Network

(PMRN). From 2007 to 2009 he was the Editor-in-Chief of the Philippine Social Sciences Review (PSSR), the journal of CSSP. Dr. Tigno has edited, authored, and co-authored numerous articles and publications including State, Politics and Nationalism Beyond Borders; Changing Dynamics in Filipino Overseas Migration (editor) published in 2009 by the Philippine Social Science Council (PSSC); Philippine Democracy Assessment; Free and Fair Elections and the Democratic Role of Political Parties with Edna Co, Maria Elissa Jayme Lao, and Margarita Sayo published in 2005 by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) and the National College of Public Administration and Governance (NCPAG) of UP; and International Labor Migration and the Prospects for Regional Cooperation in the AsiaPacific: Southeast Asian Migrants in Taiwan, with Ela Atienza and published in 1998 by ISDS. Overseas Absentee Voting and Philippine Elections Paper Abstract There is a need to reevaluate the overseas absentee voting (OAV) arrangement in the Philippines based on the experiences of 2004 and 2007. While Filipinos living and working abroad contribute substantially to keeping the national economy afloat with their income remittances and that granting them some degree of electoral entitlement in absentia is not only guaranteed in the 1987 Constitution but is also in recognition of their role as ―modern-day heroes,‖ there are concerns about their collective political efficacy specific to whether or not they can strengthen the stability and credibility of the country’s political institutions. Much of the problems associated with this relatively recent external voting arrangement are not uncommon among polities elsewhere. The empirical evidence for the Philippines so far suggests a minimal degree of electoral participation among non-resident voters. What do the presidential candidates think about this? How can they explain the emerging trend based on the two previous electoral exercises? How can the trend be reversed?

Maria Angela C. Villalba Executive Director, Unlad Kabayan Migrant Services Foundation Profile Maria Angela C. Villalba is one of the prominent migrant rights advocates in the Philippines with extensive experience in social entrepreneurship, international advocacy and networking. She began her engagement in international labor migration in Hong Kong in the late 80s with the establishment of the Asian Migrant Centre which she headed. Upon her return to the Philippines in 1995, May An set up another NGO, Unlad Kabayan Migrant Services. Unlad’s ―Migrant Savings and Alternative Investments‖ (MSAI) Program is a pioneering response in the area of productive utilization of remittances towards local economy development and creation of alternatives to overseas employment. May An obtained her B.S. Social Work degree at UP Diliman in 1971, and her Master in Management degree from UP Mindanao in 2007. She attended a short course on ―Strategic Perspectives for Non-Profit Management (SPNM)‖ at the Harvard Business School in 2008.

Because of her outstanding work with Unlad Kabayan, May An was named ―Social Entrepreneur of the Year‖ in 2007 by Ernst and Young, and was the recipient of another award the following year, the ―Yes, The Filipino Can! Award‖ from the Philippine Center for Entrepreneurship and RFM Corporation. May An is a member of the Executive Council of the Geneva-based Migrants Rights International, the Philippine Advisory Team of the Migrant Forum in Asia, and the Board of Trustees of the Women’s Legal Bureau. She has presented papers in various local and international conferences organized by the International Labour Organisation, the UN Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), the Global Forum on Migration and Development, and other global formations. Migration is a Development Issue (Paper Title)

Session 7: Property Reform and Related Issues Prof. Maria Dolores R. Bernabe College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the PhilippinesDiliman Profile Educational Background • Masters Degree, Public Management, Ateneo School of Government, Rockwell, Makati, 2005 to present • College Degree, B.A. Economics, School of Economics, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City 1985-1989 Professional and Teaching Experience • Understanding the Gender Dimension of Food Security and Climate Change in Southeast Asia, Asian Farmers’ Association, September 2009 to present • Primer on The ASEAN Free Trade Area – Common Effective Preferential Tariff Scheme and its Implication on the Philippine Rice Sector, Rice Watch and Action Network, Quezon City, Philippines April 2009 • Lecturer on Community Development and Planning, College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the Philippines, November 2008 to present • Program Coordinator, Centro Saka, Inc., January 2006 to October 2007 Papers Written or Published • Have written and published papers and monographs on the agreement on agriculture, regional and bilateral trade agreements, rice trade policy, intellectual property rights and sustainable farming, among others. • Prepared and submitted position and policy papers to various legislative and executive branches of the Philippine government, for advocacy and lobbying purposes.

Organizational Affiliations/Position Held • Core Group, Task Force on WTO Agricultural Agreement Renegotiations, 2002 to present • Task Force on WTO Agricultural Agreement Renegotiations (TF-WAAR), 1998 to present The Importance of Asset Reform in the Era of Globalization Paper Abstract The challenges posed by globalization, amidst declining private and public investment in Philippine agriculture, undermine the economic viability not only of small agricultural producers and fisherfolks, but of the very sector itself. Implementing a comprehensive asset reform program - one that is focused on democratizing small producers’ access and control over productive resources, while providing the necessary support system to improve agricultural productivity and incomes – is essential if Philippine agriculture is to survive the rapidly globalizing world. The paper posits that there are certain institutional, policy and resource requirements that must be met in order to deliver an effective asset reform program. It also underscores the importance of asset reform in the country’s bid to attain crucial socio-economic goals including food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable economic development.

Dr. Ernesto M. Ordoñez Chair, Agriwatch, Inc. Profile Educational Background • Ph.D. Business Administration, New York University (Youngest Ph.D. graduate with straight A’s for three consecutive years) • M.S. Marketing, New York University (Awarded Membership in the U.S. National Honor Society for Business) • M.A. Administrative Sciences, Yale University (Graduated with grade average at Summa Cum Laude level) • Diplomate, Agribusiness, University of the Philippines, Los Baños • A.B. Economics, Ateneo de Manila University (Graduated Cum Laude; President, University Student Council; Captain and Best Debates, National Champion Debating Team) Current Positions • President, Cement Manufacturers Association of the Philippines • President, ASEAN Federation of Cement Manufacturers • Chair, Philippine Retirement, Inc. (Housing, Healthcare, and Lifestyle Services) • Chair and Chief Executive Officer, Alyansa Agrikultura (the largest national farmer-fisherfolk coalition with 42 federations and organizations covering all major agriculture and fishery sectors) • Chair, Agriwatch, Inc. (an NGO for agro-industrial development) • Weekly Columnist, Philippine Daily Inquirer (nation’s largest newspaper) Awards • Presidential Golden Heart Award from the Office of the President, Philippines

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Ten Outstanding Young Men (TOYM) Award, Jaycees International (Philippines) and Gerry Roxas Foundation Gawad para sa Bukod Tanging Paglilingkod at Kahusayan (Given to only one Ateneo de Manila University alumnus per year) Making Land Reform Work Paper Abstract

The paper will carry the proposition that land reform's objective is not solely to give land to the tiller. Instead, this should be seen as a means to improve the farmer's welfare. In many cases, the land reform has achieved this. But in too many other cases, land reform has proven to be even worse for the agrarian reform beneficiary's quality of life and spawned other very dysfunctional consequences that have contributed to more injustice and inequality. A large reason for this is that the promised necessary support services were not provided. The Alyansa Agrikultura, a coalition of 42 national and local federations and organizations representing all major agricultural sectors, stated clearly in their common agri-fishery agenda that these support services are absolutely necessary for land reform to work.

Prof. Jay L. Batongbacal Asian Center, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • Bachelor's Degree in Political Science (BA) from the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy of the Univ. of the Philippines • Bachelor of Laws (LLB) degree at the College of Law of the University of the Philippines in 1991 • Master in Marine Management (MMM) from the Marine Affairs Program, Faculty of Graduate Studies of Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1997 • Doctor in the Science of Law (JSD) with the Graduate Studies Program, Dalhousie Law School, Halifax, Nova Scotia since September 2003 Professional and Teaching Experience • Assistant Professor, U.P. Asian, June 2009 to present • Senior Lecturer, U.P. College of Law, June 2009 to present • Consultant, Fisheries for Sustainable Harvest Project, February to present • Senior Lecturer, U.P. Asian, October 2008 to May 2009 Recent Publications • The Law of the Sea, Marine Technology, and Global Social Justice. In Chircop, A., T. McDorman, and S. Rolston (eds.), The Future of Ocean Regime Building: Essays in Tribute to Douglas M. Johnston. Brill Academic Publishers, Ltd. 2009 • EIA as the Start of a Social Bargaining Process: The Malampaya Deepwater Gas to Power Project and Public Engagement and Local Benefit Sharing in The Northwind Bangui Bay Project, both in Bosselmann, K., Engel, R. and Taylor, P., Governance for Sustainability – Issues, Challenges and Successes, IUCN-The World Conservation Union, Environmental Law and Policy Series Vol. 70, Bonn/Germany, 2008

Delineation and Delimitation of Sub-national Maritime Boundaries: Insights from the Philippines. Ocean Yearbook 20, University of Chicago Press, 2006

Commentary on Property Law Reform Needs in Philippine Coastal and Marine Law Paper Abstract Despite being an archipelago, Philippine property laws have relatively little to say specifically about sproperty rights in the coastal and marine areas of the country. Most such areas are currently governed as properties of the public domain, i.e., owned by the State, and say very little about private and communal property rights that have historically been exercised by coastal communities. The absence of reliable documentation and a clear and legally-recognized delineation of the scope and limits of property rights other than those of the State leaves the coastal and marine areas vulnerable to exclusive appropriation and eventual exclusion by those who are able to take advantage of the law. Recent trends in coastal property development indicate that there is the possibility that in the near future, coastal and marine areas in the Philippines will no longer be the commons that it has been, portending another source of social injustice for our archipelagic people. This paper will explore these trends, the problems and prospects, and the needs for property law reform specifically for Philippine coastal and marine areas.

Session 8: Rethinking Urban Policy: Spatial, Economic and Institutional Aspects Dr. Cayetano W. Paderanga Jr. School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Philippine Urbanization in the Medium Term (Paper Title)

Former Prof. Ernesto M. Serote School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • M.A. in Urban and Regional Studies, University of Sussex, United Kingdom, 1989 • Master in Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines, 1979 • Diploma in Integrated Surveys, International Institute for Aerial Survey and Earth Sciences (ITC) Enschede, The Netherlands, 1978 • Bachelor of Arts (English), University of Pangasinan, 1965 Professional and Teaching Experience • Professor, School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, 1 July 2005 to 31 May 2009 • Associate Professor, School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezon City, 1 June 1993 to 30 June 2005

Visiting Professor, University of Dortmund, Germany, October 1995 – August 1996

Publications • ―Financing Local Development Thru Special Assessments,‖ Philippine Planning Journal, April 1977 • ―Basic Needs Elements in the Current 5-Year Philippine Development Plan,‖ Philippine Planning Journal, October 1979 Planning and Research Projects • In-House Consultant to the City Planning and Development Office, Quezon City, March 2008 – June 2010. • Local Development Specialist, ―Local Government Financing and Budget Reforms Project‖, ADB-funded DILG Project, under contract with Poyry IDP Consult, Inc., May 19, 2008 – November 18, 2009. • Environmental and Land Use Planning Specialist, ―GOLDEN Forests and Golden Landscapes and Seascapes Project‖, Haribon Foundation, May 2008 – April 2009. Social Justice in Housing and Urban Development: Challenges for Public Policy Makers (Paper Title)

Dr. Toby Melissa C. Monsod School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • BS Mathematics; University of the Philippines, Diliman; 1979-1985 • Master of Arts in Adult Christian Community Development, Regis University, Colorado, 1987-1988 and 2003; recipient of the The Magis Award in December 2003 • Diploma in Development Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics (UPSE), Diliman, 1996; university scholar • Master of Arts in Economics, UPSE, 1997; university scholar; 1st in Comprehensive Exam, 1997. • Ph.D. Economics, UPSE, 2008 Professional and Teaching Experience • Assistant Professor (Present), University of the Philippines School of Economics • Coordinator (Present), Philippine Human Development Network • Asst. Prof. Lecturer (SY 2002-2003), College of Business and Economics, De La Salle University • Lecturer (June – October 1998; November 1999 – March 2000), Masters in Development Economics Program (MDE), University of the Philippines, School of Economics (UPSE)

Research Work • ―Institutions, politics and human development‖, with Emmanuel de Dios, theme chapter of the Philippine Human Development Report 2008/2009; Publisher/Date: Human Development Network (HDN); May 2009 • ―The Philippine Bureaucracy: Incentive structures and implications for performance‖, for the HDN, December 2008 • Nests and Houses: Essays on Housing Choice and Public Policy, Unpublished Dissertation, April 2008, University of the Philippines, School of Economics • ―Philippines Progress Towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDG): geographical and political correlates of sub-national outcomes‖, with Solita C. Monsod and Geoffrey Ducanes, in Journal of Human Development, Vol. 5 No. 1 March 2004, Publisher/Date: Calfax Publishing; March 2004 Low Income Housing: Achievement, Costs, Challenges (Paper Title)

Dean Danilo A. Silvestre School of Architecture, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • M. A. Architecture in Community Architecture, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Q.C., April 1991 • B.S. Architecture, Magna Cum Laude, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Q.C., April 1979 Recent Projects • Masterplan of Civic Center, Municipality of Roxas, Palawan (2009) • The New Ayuntamiento Building (Department of Treasury), Intramuros, Manila (2008-2009) • Rehabilitation of Baler Sports Complex, Baler, Aurora (2009) • Conceptual Master Redevelopment Plan for 11 Hectare, Nepo Mart, Redevelopment, Angeles City, Pampanga (2008/09) • Conceptual Master Plan for 2.7 hectare Hotel/Condotel Complex, Pasay City (2008) • Subdivision Plan for the 54 Hectare Pamayanang Maliksi Economic Housing Community, Gen. Trias, Cavite (2008) Publications • ―Architectural/Urban Design Guidelines and Deed of Restrictions for the Taal View Heights Farmlot Community in Talisay, Batangas‖, a paper presented at the ACARE seminar, held at the Central Colleges of the Philippines, Quezon City, Philippines in November 2005. • An Analysis of Public Open Space in Quezon City, Philippines as a Sustainable Buffer for Urban Risk Management, (co-authored with Mr. Albert Chun) a paper presented at the Sixth Inter-University Seminar on Asian Megacities held at National Taiwan University, Taipei City, Republic of China from 28-29 April 2001

The Changing Urban Pattern of Metropolitan Manila, a paper presented at the Fifth Inter-University Seminar on Asian Megacities held at Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea from 27-29 February 2000. The Future of Our Cities, As If They REALLY Mattered (Paper Title)

Session 9: Science and Technology Dean Caesar A. Saloma College of Science, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • BS (Physics) University of the Philippines , 1981 • MS (Physics) University of the Philippines, 1984 • PhD (Physics) University of the Philippines, 1989 Professional and Teaching Experience • Professor 12 (SG 30-4), National Institute of Physics, University of the Philippines • Member, National Academy of Science and Technology, Philippines • Scientist III, University of the Philippines (2006-2008; 2009-2011) • Board of Editors, Journal of Natural Science (2009-present; www.scirp.org/journal/ns/) • Board of Editors, Philippine Journal of Science (2 January 2008 – 31 December 2010) • Advisory Board, The Philippine Scientist (2008-present) • Editorial Board, Philippine Science Letters (2008-present; www.philsciletters.org) Publications • EF Legara, C Monterola, DE Juanico, M Litong-Palima and C Saloma, "Earning Potential in Multilevel Marketing Enterprises," Physica A 387, pp 4889-4895 (2008) • GJ Perez and C Saloma, ―Allelomimesis as escape strategy of pedestrians in twoexit confinements,‖ Physica A 388, pp 2469-2475 (2009) • A Longjas, C Monterola and C. Saloma, ―Force analysis of jamming with disks of different sizes in a two-dimensional hopper,‖ J. Stat. Mech. (2009) P05006 • JA Balista, M Soriano and C Saloma, "Compact time-independent pattern representation of entire human gait cycle for tracking of gait irregularities," Pattern Recogn Lett 31, pp. 20-27 (2010) • MJ Romero, G Bautista, V Daria and C Saloma, ―Laser confocal microscope with wavelet-profiled point spread function,‖ Opt Comm 283 pp. 1217-1221 (2010)

Measures of Scientific Productivity and Current Philippine Performance Paper Abstracts Quantitative measures for evaluating the performance of research institutions and individual scientists and researchers allow institutions- especially universities- to compare themselves with others as well as enable them to gauge more effectively the scientific productivity of their faculty and researchers. Incorporating these productivity measures into its system of merit promotions and awards as well as faculty recruitment and retention, is essential so that the UP is able to track its progress towards achieving the goal of becoming a research university in the near future. The system used by the Shanghai Jiao Tung University to rank universities around the world is the most seriously taken among the four or so that exist. It illustrates that the great universities of the world are those that excel in scientific research. I will explain the various productivity measures and report the latest scientific performance of the Philippine science community, particularly the College of Science which is the primary producer of new PhD and MS graduates as well as new knowledge in basic and applied sciences and mathematics in the country today. Tangible progress has been achieved, especially recent years, but overall the College continues to underperform in terms of scientific publications in high impact journals and number of PhD graduates produced per year. On-going efforts to improve yield are also presented.

Dean Rowena Cristina L. Guevara College of Engineering, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • PhDEE: Systems (DOST-ESEP Scholar), 1997, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor • BSEE (NSDB Scholar), 1985, University of the Philippines Diliman • MSEE, 1990, University of the Philippines Diliman Post Doctoral Studies • 2001 University of California, Berkeley, International Computer Science Institute Banatao Fellowship in speech signal processing, Host Professor: Nelson Morgan • 1998 Tokyo Institute of Technology, Nagatsuta, Department of Information Processing, Precision & Intelligence Laboratory JSPS Fellowship in speech signal processing, Host Professor: Takao Kobayashi Professional and Teaching Experience • Professor, July 2005 - present • Associate Professor, November 1997-present • Dean, College of Engineering & Executive Director, National Engineering Center (July 22, 2004 – present) • Program Leader, Engineering Research & Development for Technology (ERDT) Program (June 2007-present) • Member, Committee to Review the Rules and Regulation on Student Conduct and Discipline (June 2006 – present) • Member, UP Press Editorial Board (September 2005-present)

Publications • L.R.S. Lazaro, L.L.Policarpio and R.C.L. Guevara, Incorporating Duration and Intonation Models in Filipino Speech Synthesis, Asia Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association (APSIPA) Annual Summit and Conference, October 4-7, 2009, Sapporo, Japan • F.M. Ang and R.C.L. Guevara, A Robust Packet Loss Recovery Scheme for Wideband Speech Codecs, 9th International Symposium on Communication and Information Technologies (ISCIT 2009) September 28-30, 2009, Incheon, Korea Engineering Challenges in the Philippines Paper Abstract Energy and environment are at the heart of engineering challenges in the 21st century. Our country’s energy security and sustainable development are oftentimes the bone of contention among stakeholders. We have de-regulated the power industry and we have yet to see the promised benefits of deregulation. Urbanization and development of mega-cities are posing new engineering problems that we have not acknowledged since most of our attention is directed at environmental disasters. Local industries are still heavily engaged in manufacturing and assembly, and there are few initiatives towards higher value-added activities for these industries. In a world of mobile professionals, most of our engineers do not qualify under global standards. These are the challenges that the Engineering Research and Development for Technology (ERDT) Program is addressing through human resource development to reach a critical mass of engineers with advanced degrees, and developing a culture of R&D among our engineers. However, there is a great need for government, academe and industry to work together since all these challenges are multi-disciplinary and interagency in nature.

Dr. Roger D. Posadas Technology Management Center, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • PhD (Relativity Physics, April 1970, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA • BS Physics, April 1964, University of the Philippines Diliman Professional and Teaching Experience • President, Technology Management Foundation, Inc. (March 1996 to present) • Vice President for Academic Affairs, University of the East, Manila (01 March 2004 to 04 July 2005) • Professor of Technology Management Technology Management Center UP Diliman (June 2000 – Present) • Lecturer/Resource Person, ―Training on Technology Management‖, conducted by UPPAF for the Bureau of Agricultural Research, Department of Agriculture (May – Dec 2007) • Lecturer/Resource Person, CHED Management Development Program for University Administrators (Sept 2006)

Lecturer at a Round-Table Discussion on Alternative Development of Science and Technology in the Philippines UP Diliman (November 2005)

Publications • ―The Importance of Graduate Engineering Education in International Competitiveness‖, a Section in the Report, ―Evaluating the Sustainability of the Engineering R&D for Technology Project‖, which was submitted to Chancellor Sergio Cao by the College of Engineering in August 2007. • ―Technology Management and Catch-up Competitiveness: What the Philippines Can Learn from South Korea and Taiwan‖, Philippine Management Review , Vol 13 (2006), pp.42-69. • ―Establishing Standards and Prerequisites of Academic Excellence‖, in Ester A. Garcia (ed.), Managing a Modern University in the Philippines. Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press, 2004. • ―An Alternative Technonationalistic Framework for Philippine • S&TDevelopment‖, paper contributed to the Blueprint for a Viable Philippines, November 2004. • "An Assessment of the State of Science and Technology in the Philippines", in Patalinghug, E., J. Tabbada, and E. Zamora (eds.), Managing Technology for Global Competitiveness. Quezon City: UPCIDS & UPTMC, 2000. Chapter 1, pp.3-9. Scientific and Technological Capabilities and Economic Catch-up Paper Abstract This seeks to explain why the Philippines has remained technologically and economically underdeveloped up to now and what it will take for the country to catch up scientifically, technologically, and economically. The paper first reviews the extent to which the Philippines has been left behind in S&T and economic development. Next it discusses and confutes two approaches to the problem of economic and S&T underdevelopment that have been pushed in the past: (1) the "science-push" approach advocated by basic scientists starting with Vannevar Bush and (2) the "market-pull" approach favored by mainstream (neo classical, neoliberal) economists and merchants and based on the neo classical economic theory of comparative advantage. The paper then presents an alternative approach _ a technonationalistic "capability-based" approach _ which aims to achieve rapid national economic and S&T catch-up, involves the integrated upgrading of the supply, demand, and linkage parts of the national S&T system to world-class standards, and entails discarding the country's current economic ideology of neoliberalism and the Washington Consensus and adopting the principles of technology management, East Asian state activism, and innovation economics.

Session 10: Confronting Trade, Markets, and Regulation Dr. Rene E. Ofreneo School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Dr. Rene E. Ofreneo is Professor XII and Former Dean of the School of Labor and Industrial Relations (SOLAIR), University of the Philippines. Dr. Ofreneo has a Certificate in Development Economics, an MA in Industrial Relations, and a PhD in Philippine Studies (Labor and Economy). A five-time recipient of the ―International Publication Award‖ of the University of the Philippines, he is a holder of the UP Centennial Professorial Chair for 2009-2010. Dr. Ofreneo has three children and is married to a feminist scholar. Dr. Ofreneo served as an Undersecretary for Labor in 1997-98, at the height of the Asian financial crisis. He has written extensively on the labor and industrial relations issues in the Asia-Pacific. He sits in the board of several international journals dealing with labor and management issues in the Asia-Pacific. The ILO, UNDP and UNCTAD have engaged his research services on trade, industrialization and development issues. He was in the Regional Board of the Hong Kong-based Asia Monitor Resource Center, a labor research CSO, for seven years (2001-2007). Dr. Ofreneo served as Executive Director (2002-2008) of the Fair Trade Alliance, a unique industry-labor-CSO multi-sectoral coalition seeking policy coherence on trade, development and employment. FairTrade does policy engagement with the executive and legislative departments (and general public) on fair trade issues such as smuggling, trade flexibilities for the Philippines and developing economies. Confronting Trade and Development: Coherence and Visioning Challenges Paper Abstract Trade is a means to achieve development, not an end in itself. The contention of this paper is that the government, under the various administrations (from Marcos to GMA), has pursued trade policy in a haphazard and incoherent manner, relying on simplified policy liberalization diktats of the WB-IMF group. The result is a stunted, segmented and mal-developed economy sustained mainly by OFW remittances. The challenge to the next government, therefore, is to overhaul the trade-development policy regime and chart a more coherent, pro-Filipino, value-adding and forward-looking agro-industrial program of development. Trade policy should be transformed into a weapon for the attainment of this vision.

Dr. Maria Joy V. Abrenica School of Economics, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Director for Graduate Admissions and Fellowship Director for Graduate Studies International Economics Program Coordinator

Dean Marvic M.V.F. Leonen College of Law, University of the Philippines Profile Marvic M.V.F. Leonen is a Dean and a Professor of the College of Law of the University of the Philippines. He graduated with an AB Economic degree, magna cum laude, from the School of Economics in 1983. In the ranking of students of the College of Law in 1987, he graduated fourth with a general weighted average of 1.76. He signed the Rolls of Attorneys at the Supreme Court on May 28, 1988. He also earned a Master of Laws degree from the Columbia Law School of the Columbia University in New York. Prof. Leonen joined the faculty of the College of Law in 1989 as a professorial lecturer in Philippine Indigenous Law. He became assistant professor during the term of Dean Pacifico Agabin and started to do work as an academic administrator under the term of Dean Merlin M. Magallona. In 2000, he was invited to join the UP System to act as its University General Counsel. In March 2005, he became the first Vice President for Legal Affairs of the University of the Philippines System, and in 2008 became the Dean of the College of Law at the University of the Philippines. Prof. Leonen’s latest papers within the past two years include the following: • ―Defining Regulatory Spaces: Precautionary Principles, Regulatory Diversity and the SPS Treaty of the WTO Agreement‖ (unpublished) • ―The Irony of Social Legislation: Reflections on Formal and Informal Justice Interfaces and Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines‖ (UNDP, unpublished) • ―Seeking the Norm: Reflections on Land Rights Policy and Indigenous Peoples Rights‖ (refereed, IWGIA and LRCKSK) The conjuncture of Prof. Marvic M.V.F. Leonen’s experiences shows not only in the problem sets he uses in the classroom, in the pleadings and oral argumentations he presents in court (including the Supreme Court), in the opinions that he writes as University General Counsel but also in the manner he manages projects and creates— in a collaborative manner—new programs. Prof. Leonen’s career wades through the dynamic tension between the competence required by the law-as-given and the creativity demanded by the law-as-it-should

Defining Regulatory Spaces: Precautionary Principles, Regulatory Diversity and the SPS Treaty of the WTO Agreement Paper Abstract The Precautionary Principle encourages international actors not to hesitate to provide more protection to human, animal and plant life and their ecosystems against a perceived harm even in the absence of clear scientific proof. It is implicitly based on the acceptance that collective human knowledge may have not been able to fully comprehend with certainty, the consequences of all human activity. In all of its versions, it is therefore necessarily broad and encompassing. On the other hand, the World Trade Organization (WTO) through its Sanitary and Phytosanitary Safeguards (SPS) Treaty and the interpretations of its Appellate Body, while not necessarily disagreeing with the Precautionary Principle or its objectives, has effectively limited its application. This is so because of the WTO’s concern that these measures may be used to unjustly or arbitrarily discriminate between goods or services on the basis of their origin or that these measures could be used as a disguised restriction to trade. In the WTO-SPS version, the Precautionary Principle is precise and limited to conditions stated in article 5 paragraph 7 of the treaty. The range of options to address perceived harm to human, animal, plant life and health as well as their ecologies therefore is now limited. Only limited regulatory diversity is allowed. The extent of this limit is mediated by science. More specifically, in the context of the WTO, the limit is determined by the Appellate Body’s tolerance of scientific interpretation. The current approach therefore transplants the politics of who can do more science, the availability of scientific analysis and the dynamics of ownership of scientific approach into this area of international legal interpretation. It challenges the ability of domestic legislators and regulators to go beyond the usual procedures for developing and implementing national legislation.

Session 11: Philippine Foreign Relations Former Dean Aileen S.P. Baviera Asian Center, University of the Philippines-Diliman Dr. Aileen San Pablo-Baviera is Professor and Former Dean of the Asian Center, University of the Philippines, where she has been teaching since 1998. Her immediate past positions were as head of the Center for International Relations and Strategic Studies of the Philippine Foreign Service Institute (1993-1998), and executive director of the non-profit Philippines-China Development Resource Center (1998-2001). She was also Philippine representative to the East Asia Vision Group, a committee of leading business and academic personalities nominated by their governments to prepare a vision document for ASEAN Plus 3 (China, Japan, Korea) cooperation. Dr. Baviera lectures regularly at the Foreign Service Institute and the National Defense College of the Philippines. Overseas, she has lectured at various institutions in Southeast Asia, China, Japan, Korea and India, and held research and teaching fellowships at University Kebangsaan Malaysia and Universiti Pertahanan Nasional

Malaysia (2009), Xiamen University (2008), National Chengchi University (2005), Japan Institute of International Affairs (1994), Beijing University and Shanghai Institute of International Studies (1994). She holds a PhD in Political Science (2003), an MA in Asian Studies – East Asia/China (1987), and a Bachelor’s degree in Foreign Service (1979), all from the University of the Philippines. She also spent time as a foreign student in Beijing from 1981-1983, and since then has been a frequent visitor to China. Her research interests include contemporary China studies, international politics and security in the Asia Pacific, civil society in Asia, and maritime affairs. Some of her recent publications are: • ―Regional Security in East Asia: Challenges to Cooperation and Community Building‖, editor, Quezon City, UP Asian Center, 2008 • ―Regionalism and Community Building in East Asia: Challenges and Opportunities‖, in Eds. Melissa Curley and Nicholas Thomas, Advancing East Asian Regionalism, London and New York: Routledge, 2006 • Post-Cold War Strategic Interests of China and ASEAN: the Role of the United States, in eds. Danny Paau and Herbert Yee. Return of the Dragon: US-China Relations in the 21st Century, Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2005, 257-274 • ―The South China Sea Disputes after the 2002 Declaration: Beyond Confidence Building‖ in eds, Saw Swee-Hock, Sheng Lijun, and Chin Kin Wah. ASEANChina Relations: Realities and Prospects, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2005, 344-354 The Changing Strategic Environment in the Asia Pacific: Exploring the Implications for Philippine Foreign Policy Paper Abstract The presentation will identify and briefly elaborate key strategic issues in the Asia Pacific region that a new Philippine administration will do well to understand in the crafting of Philippine regional diplomacy and external security policy of the future. It examines the changing power configuration in Asia as a consequence of the perceived decline in the influence of the United States and Japan, set against the twin rise of China and India. It also looks at the changing security landscape in Southeast Asia and the progress of efforts to build an inclusive multilateralist security order. The exploration of these issues and how they may impact on the Philippines will lead to recommendations relating to: redefining the scope and purpose of the traditional partnership with the United States; crafting a new strategy toward a rising China; identifying priority thrusts in our regional community building initiatives in ASEAN and beyond; and moving decisively to harness the country’s maritime heritage and resources.

Prof. Herman Joseph S. Kraft Department of Political Science, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • Candidate, Ph.D. (Political Science), York University. (1996)

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Master of Arts (Strategic Studies), Australian National University. Sub-thesis: "Philippine-U.S. Security Relations in the Post-Bases Era." (1989-1994) Bachelor of Arts (History), University of the Philippines. (1980-1984)

Professional and Teaching Experience • Assistant Professor. Department of Political Science, University of the Philippines. (2002 – Present) • Teaching Assistant. Department of Political Science, York University. Courses: Introduction to Political Science (1996-1998); Introduction to International Relations (1998-2000); International Migration (2000-2002). • Assistant Professor. Department of Political Science, University of the Philippines. (1995-1996) Publications • With Carolina G. Hernandez, Rowena G. Layador and Liza G. Lansang, ―10 Years of ASEM: a Philippine Assessment,‖ in ASEM in its Tenth Year: Looking Back, Looking Forward, a report prepared by the Japan Centre for International Exchange and the University of Helsinki Network for European Studies (May 2006). The full report can be accessed over the web at http://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/asem/tenth/report2.pdf • ―Human Rights in Southeast Asia: The Search for Regional Norms,‖ East-West Center Washington Working Paper 4 (July 2005) • With Aries A. Arugay and Christine Susanna Tjhin, ―Assessing democratisation in Southeast Asia,‖ CSIS Working Paper 51 (1 March 2004). This can be accessed over the web at http://www.csis.or.id/publications_paper_view.asp?id=44&tab=0 • ―Unofficial Diplomacy in Southeast Asia: The Role of ASEAN-ISIS,‖ CANCAPS Papier 22 (February 2000). Framing the External Security Policy of the Philippines Paper Abstract There is, to a large extent, a certain degree of complacency with which external security is discussed in the Philippines. Historically, scholars have attributed this largely to, first of all, the security guarantees presented by the defense alliance with the United States, and, secondly, the continuing emphasis on the armed challenges presented by insurgency movements in the country. Yet, one other factor that needs to be taken into consideration is the apparent lack of any real concept of what constitutes an external threat to the Philippines and what ought to be the country’s response. This paper looks at how the external security of the Philippines has been framed by the country’s policy-makers. It explores the idea that the lack of a strategic security framework in the Philippines creates a policy environment that is largely reactive to events, as opposed to responding to trends or developments which are recognized as being directly related to the condition of the Philippines itself. Current developments seem to indicate this as the international security concerns of the Philippines are largely being addressed through the ASEAN and its many dialogue and other processes. The alliance with the United States does not seem to have any real impact on the security calculations of the country’s policymakers. Beyond the tactical convergence of the US global war on terror and the Philippine government’s operations against the Abu Sayaff, the bilateral relationship does not currently directly impact on any of the Philippines regional and international security concerns, whether tactically or, even less so, strategically. Even the obvious case of the Spratly Islands dispute is largely being handled through ASEAN.

Session 12: Climate Change And Disaster Risk Reduction: Trends, Challenges, Lessons And Response Options Dean Antonio G. M. La Viña Ateneo School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University, Profile Educational Background • Yale Law School, Doctorate in the Science of Law (JSD), 1995; Masters of Law (LLM), 1992. Doctoral dissertation: Climate Change and Developing Countries: Negotiating a Global Regime • University of the Philippines, Bachelor of Laws (LLB), 1989 Professional and Teaching Experience • Dean, Ateneo School of Government, Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines, Since June 2006 • Professorial Lecturer: College of Law of the University of the Philippines (Constitutional Law, Local Government, Legal History), Ateneo Law School (International Environmental Litigation, Theory of Law), Loyola Schools of the Ateneo de Manila University (Philosophy, Environmental Science, and Political Science Departments) • Senior Fellow, Institutions and Governance Program (IGP), World Resources Institute, Washington DC, USA, 2001-2006 Publications • Mapping Out Conflicts in Mining Areas: Drawing Lessons and Seeking Spaces for Building Principled Consensus Towards Effective Mining Governance, with J. Pamfilo et. al., Ateneo School of Government, Manila 2008 • Sharing Natural Wealth for Development: Case Studies from Palawan Province, Philippines, with G. Mayo-Anda, et. al, Ateneo de Manila University, Manila 2008 • Restoring Nature's Capital: An Action Agenda to Sustain Ecosystem Services, with F. Irwin, J. Ranganathan, et. al., World Resources Institute, Wasington DC, 2007 • Development Without Conflict: The Business Case for Community Consent, with S. Hetz and J. Sohn, World Resources Institute, Wasington DC, 2007 • The National Biosafety Framework for the Philippines, with S. Halos and M. J. Caleda, Department of Environment and Natural Resources, Manila 2005 • An Explanatory Guide to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, with R. Mackenzie et. al., IUCN-FIELD-WRI, Geneva 2003 Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction: The Hard Choices (co-written with Atty. Eunice Agsaoay, Joanne Dulce, Johanna Jambalos) Paper Abstract The authors will look at climate change and disaster risk reduction (DRR) in the Philippines from a governance and policy perspective. Assessing both the global and national policy context, in particular the outcomes of the Copenhagen Climate

Conference 15 and the new national legislation on climate change and DRR, challenges will be identified and response options analyzed. The facts are sobering: climate change is certain, it will get worse, the poor will suffer first and the most, the global and national responses are likely to be inadequate, and the political choices are difficult. From this analysis, the signal is clear: the only response to climate change is an integrated adaptation-mitigation approach where adaptation, including prioritizing DRR, is the approach that guides policies, programs and activities. Mitigation opportunities that also adopt adaptation goals will be prioritized. This approach must be localized and implemented at the community level with national agencies and international organizations playing supportive roles.

Dr. Alfredo Mahar Francisco A. Lagmay National Institute of Geological Sciences, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Educational Background • B.Sc. in Geology, National Institute of Geological Sciences, University of the Philippines (1987) • Ph.D. in Geology (Physical Volcanology, Volcano-Tectonics), Studies on explosive eruptions and emplacement of pyroclastic flows, Earth Sciences Department, University of Cambridge (2001) • M.Sc. in Geology (Igneous Petrology), Geochemistry of hypabyssal dike intrusions and mafic cumulates in the San Antonio Massif, Philippines, National Institute of Geological Sciences, University of the Philippines (1993) • Visiting Scientist (2006-2007), Geophysics Department, Stanford University, California USA • Post-graduate research / Japanese language school (1994-95), Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan Teaching and Professional Experience • Associate Professor of Geology • Licensed Geologist Specializing in Physical Volcanology, Volcano Tectonics, Remote Sensing and Natural Disasters Recent Publications • The Role of the Benham Rise in the geodynamic evolution of the Philippines. Geological Society of the Philippines Proceedings (extended abstract) • Analog Modelling of the Philippine Fault Bend. Geological Society of the Philippines Proceedings (extended abstract) 2008 • Extreme rainfall-induced lahars and dike breaching. November 30, 2006 Mayon Volcano Philippines Bulleting of Volcanology • Quaternary sector collapses of Nevado de Toluca Volcano (Mexico) governed by Regional tectonics and volcanic evolution. Geosphere v. 4; no 5; pages 854-871; Geological Society of America

Lessons from Recent Philippine Disasters Paper Abstract The floods brought about by tropical storm Ondoy and typhoon Pepeng were the latest amongst the disasters that have plagued the Philippines year after year. In the last five years, catastrophes have inflicted thousands of deaths and costly damage to property amounting to billions of pesos. These disasters should be viewed not as one-off extreme events but as a manifestation of unresolved problems of planning and development. It is therefore imperative that proper contingency and developmental planning strategies be instituted to mitigate loss of lives and damage to properties. Following much-improved understanding of natural processes that underlie hazardous events, it is only with public policy application of technology as well as scientific (geophysical) and engineering knowledge that disasters can be effectively mitigated. This paper presents the major disasters that happened in the Philippines over the last five years and the major lessons learned from them. It also presents the key advanced technologies that can be used for disaster planning and how they can help mitigate natural calamities.

Dr. Emmanuel M. Luna College of Social Work and Community Development, University of the PhilippinesDiliman Profile Educational Background • Ph.D. in Urban & Regional Planning, 2000 School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines • M.A. (Urban and Regional Planning), 1986, School of Urban and Regional Planning, University of the Philippines • BS in Community Development,cum laude, College of Social Work and Community Development, U.P. Diliman Professional and Teaching Experience • Professor of Community Development, July 1,2005 to Present • College Secretary, May 1, 2006- Present • Chairman, Department of Community Development, 1991-1995 / 2000-2001 • Associate Professor, 1998-2005 Teaches social development planning and administration, community-based disaster risk disaster management at the graduate level; community organization, community education and CD planning and administration and Statistics in Community Development at the undergraduate level; was Chairman of the Department of Community Development in 1991-1995 and 2000-2001. Publications • Luna, Emmanuel M. ― Power From Within to Overcome Vulnerabilities; A Philippine Case on the Endogenous System of Response to River Flooding‖ in Science and Culture. January-February, 2006. (Premier Science Journal of India) • Luna, Emmanuel M. ― Rising From the Field: Concepts and Practice of Community-Based Disaster Risk Management in the Philippines‖ in Proceedings: Third Disaster Management Practitioners’ Workshop for Southeast

Asia. Institutionalizing Community Based Disaster Risk Management in Government Policy Making, Planning and Program Activities. Bangkok, Thailand: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center.2004. Reaching Out for Breath: Issues and Challenges for Disaster Risk Reduction Paper Abstract There is growing awareness of disasters and their impacts primarily because of actual experience with disasters as victims or as service providers for those who were affected. Theoretical discourses have grown from the linear perspective where hazards were equated with disasters to the complexity model that explains the multi-dimensional factors and relationships among disaster risks, vulnerability and capacities. Policy-wise, the United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction had come out with the Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015 which aims to ―build the resilience of nations and communities to disaster.‖ As one of the countries that adopted this framework, the Philippines instrumentalities and agencies have been formulating and implementing plans and programs geared towards disaster reduction. Ironically, empirical evidences would show wide gaps between theory and practice, policies and implementation, and people’s awareness and actions. These are the challenges that have to be faced to protect development gains and prevent the natural, human, socio-economic, institutional and cultural losses due to unmitigated disasters.

Session 13: Addressing Impunity Former President Francisco Nemenzo University of the Philippines Profile Dr. Francisco Nemenzo served as president of the University of the Philippines from 1999 to 2005. One of the country’s most distinguished intellectuals, Dr. Nemenzo was dean of the UP College of Arts and Sciences (1976-1981), faculty regent (1988-1989), and UP Visayas chancellor (1989-1992). He has written extensively on nationalism, social commitment, academic excellence, and the role the University plays in a free society. He co-authored two books, The Philippines after Marcos (London, 1988) and The Sovereign Quest: Freedom from Foreign Military Bases (Manila, 1988), and has contributed articles to local and international journals on such topics as Philippine politics, the insurgency movement, and the military. Dr. Nemenzo was named Distinguished Alumnus twice by the UP Alumni Association—for social science in 1985, and for university management in 1992. He currently teaches political science as professor emeritus in UP Diliman.

Former Dean Raul C. Pangalangan College of Law, University of the Philippines Profile Professor Pangalangan specializes in Public International Law and Constitutional Law. He taught Public International Law at the Harvard Law School as Visiting Professor in Spring 2007 and Fall 1998 at The Hague Academy of International Law as Director of Studies in 2000. He has also taught at Melbourne University (Fall 2005); the External Programme of The Hague Academy of International Law (2004 in Phnom Penh); the Irish Centre for Human Rights (2003); before the Japan Society of International Law (2002); Thessaloniki Institute of International Public Law (2001). He has lectured on international humanitarian law for the International Committee of the Red Cross, and sat on its committee of experts for the study of customary international law. In June 2007, he was elected in Athens to the Executive Council of the International Association of Constitutional Law. He has been nominated as Supreme Court Justice by the Philippines’s Judicial and Bar Council, the sole nominating body under the Constitution. The Supreme Court appointed him amicus counsel during the impeachment of the Chief Justice (Francisco v. House of Representatives). He was also lead counsel before the Supreme Court in David v. Arroyo, challenging successfully the president’s proclamation of a state of emergency in February 2006. He currently sits on the Court’s committee to revise the rules on recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, and has worked in its committees on legal education and bar examination form. He was a Philippine Delegate and a Drafting Committee member at the 1998 Rome Conference that wrote the Statute of the International Criminal Court. He is known for his advocacy of the rule of law, as chair of the Bantay Katarungan (Sentinels of Justice), a lawyers’ organization to strengthen the rule of law, and as Op-Ed writer for the Philippine Daily Inquirer. Professor Pangalangan received his AB cum laude (1978) and LLB (1983) from the University of the Philippines. He received a Diploma in Public International Law from the Hague Academy of International Law in 1987. His LLM (1986) and S.J.D. (1990) from the Harvard Law School. He is married to Prof. Elizabeth Aguiling Pangalangan, LLM (Harvard Law School) and professor of family law and children’s rights, University of the Philippines. They have four sons.

Rep. Lorenzo R. Tanada III Chair of the House Committee on Human Rights, House of Representatives Profile Lorenzo Reyes Tañada III or ―Erin‖, represents the third generation of Tañadas in the field of politics. He is the grandson of the ―grand old man of Philippine politics‖ – the

late Senator Lorenzo ―Ka Tanny‖ M. Tañada. He is also the son of former Senator Wigberto ―Ka Bobby‖ E. Tañada. During his college days as President of National Union of Students of the Philippines or NUSP, he would be seen in pickets lines and rallies. As a young lawyer of the Tañada, Vivo and Tan Law Office, he found himself handling cases of human rights victims, helping farmers fight for their land, and workers getting their just wages. He was also one of the volunteer lawyers of the Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG. Erin is now serving his second term as Representative of the 4th District of Quezon Province. He is among the authors of various important pieces of legislation in Congress - the repeal of the death penalty law, UP Charter of 2008, Renewable Energy Act and the law creating Quezon del Sur. Erin was among those who voted against the Human Security Act and co-authored bills that seek to penalize torture and enforced or involuntary disappearances. He opposed E-VAT and voted twice to impeach President Macapagal-Arroyo at the cost of not getting the PDAF allocation that should go to the 4th District of Quezon in 2006 and the first half of 2007. At the top of his legislative agenda are the Freedom of Information Bill, Anti-Smuggling Act and the creation of the Philippine Trade Representative Office. As chair of the sensitive Committee on Human Rights, Erin has high hopes that the Human Rights Victims Compensation Bill will become law before the 14th Congress closes. Apart from being the Spokesperson of the Liberal Party in the House of Representatives, Erin is a member of the Reform Bloc in Congress – Representatives who have been pushing for greater transparency in the Congress' budget, professionalizing the institution's secretariat, and calling for the independence of Congress from the Executive. On a more personal side, Erin is the proud father of Mito and Michie and will always be the caring Kuya of the three other children of Ka Bobby and Nanay Zeny – Toby, Mar and Trina.

Prof. Ibarra M. Gutierrez III College of Law, University of the Philippines Profile Educational Background - Masters of Laws (Public Service), Major in Economic and Social Rights and International Law, New York University 2004 - Bachelor of Laws, University of the Philippines 1998 - Bachelor of Science in Economics, cum laude, University of the Philippines 1994 Professional Experience - Director, 2001-present, Institute of Human Rights, University of the Philippines Law Center As Director of the Institute of Human Rights, is supervisor and lead researcher for all projects and activities of the Institute. The Institute has been involved in numerous

researches, publications, and training programs relating to various areas of human rights, good governance, legal reform, and access to justice. It is the leading academic and research institution in the Philippines working in the field of human rights in relation to law and legal reform. A partial list of projects undertaken by the Institute is provided below. - Assistant Professor, 2001-present, College of Law, University of the Philippines Teaches courses in human rights, local governments, criminal law, property law, public officers, and election law. Recent Publications - Manual on International Human Rights Treaties and Mechanisms, Editor, Institute of Human Rights, UP Law Center, 2005 - Teaching Modules on Gender, Ethics, and Human Rights Perspectives in Law (Textbook), co-authored with Ildefenso R. Jimenez, Rowena D. Morales, and Elizabeth A. Pangalangan, Reproductive Health Rights and Ethics Center for Studies and Training (ReproCen), March 2003

Session 14: Election and How to Choose Leaders Former Dean Jose V. Abueva National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile Dr Jose V Abueva is President of Kalayaan College at 22 Manga Road cor. Aurora Boulevard, Quezon City, Philippines. Professor Emeritus of Political Science and Public Administration at the University of the Philippines (U.P.) where he served as U.P. President (1987-1993). He received is AB (Arts-Law) at U.P.; Master of Public Administration (MPA) and Ph. D in political science at The University of Michigan. Honorary Doctorate, Soka University, Tokyo, Japan. He is currently Chairman, Board of Advisers of the Citizens’ Movement for a Federal Philippines and trustee of the Center for Media Freedom and Responsibility, the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism, and the Foundation for Worldwide People Power. Co-chairman, Board of Advisers, Manila Doctors College.Was chairman of the Aurora Aragon Quezon Peace Foundation, trustee of the Bantayog ng mga Bayani, president of the Beverly Hills Homeowners’ Association and chairman of the Federation of Homeowners’ Associations of Antipolo City. THE CRUCIAL IMPORTANCE OF OUR 2010 ELECTIONS: ELECTING ―TRANSFORMING LEADERS‖ TO INITIATE ―SYSTEM CHANGE‖ FOR GOOD GOVERNANCE AND NATION-BUILDING Paper Abstract We need much more than electing ―good leaders‖ in the 2010 elections, defined only as ―honest and trustworthy.‖ The 2010 election is not simply ―a struggle between good and evil‖ candidates. These campaign slogans oversimplify a very complex reality. We need extraordinary leaders who can deal with our complex problems as a developing nation

and an aspiring democracy, and improve the quality of life of our citizens. We need to change our system of governance and development. We have to restructure our political institutions through basic changes in our 1987 Constitution and new legislation that will greatly improve the effectiveness of our national and local governance and hasten the development of our economy. Our reformed institutions should empower our leaders and citizens alike in building a strong and progressive nation. We need to pursue a radical paradigm of governance and development vaguely implicit in our ―people power‖ revolt at EDSA in 1986, and therefore not understood. The ―Superiority principle,‖ our traditional, colonial, oligarchic, ―top-down‖ and centralized development and governance of the country from ―Imperial Manila‖ (―Pinatulo”), has basically failed us. Thus, since the 1960s, as our population swelled, we seem trapped in poverty, social inequality, mal-governance, corruption, injustice, and violent conflict. Devastating calamities caused by global warming exacerbate our misfortunes. Therefore, let us build and govern our country ―bottom-up,‖ with genuine, sustained, and sustaonable ―people power.‖ This is the ―Subsidiarity principle‖ (―Pinatubo”) of organizing our government and our development from below with the citizens’ informed, enabled and inspired participation. For the State is subsidiary to the people according to the Constitution: ―The Philippines is a democratic and republican State. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanate from them‖ (Article II. Section 1).

Prof. Leonor M. Briones National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines-Diliman ALTERNATIVE PARTIES: ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS Paper Abstract The forthcoming elections in 2010 has many new features. One of these is the emergence of alternative parties and alternative programs. This is probably a reflection on the deficiencies of the dominant traditional political parties, as well as the increasing clamor for genuine reform in the political, economic and social system. The youth are also participating actively in the electoral process. They are looking for out-of-the-box political platforms and programs, as well as political leaders with fresh visions for national development. The presentation will therefore focus on alternative parties, as contrasted with the programs of traditional political parties. Examples are the parties headed by Bro. Eddie Villanueva, Nicki Perlas and John Carlo de los Reyes. Focus will be on the platforms of these parties which make them unique and distinct from the ―traditional parties‖. The platforms of party list groups which feature alternative programs will also be considered. The paper will end with a challenge to the audience to take the alternative parties and their particular programs seriously, as well as suggested criteria for selecting the next president of the country.

Dr. Ebinezer R. Florano National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the PhilippinesDiliman Profile Dr. Ebinezer Florano is Assistant Professor of the U.P. National College of Public Administration and Governance, and Program Chair of the Master of Public Management Program of U.P. Open University. Dr. Florano obtained his doctoral degree in Public Administration major in Environmental Governance from the International Christian University in Tokyo, Japan in 2004. He also has two master’s degrees: first in Public Administration major in Public Policy Analysis from the University of the Philippines, and the second one in International Relations from the International University of Japan in Niigata, Japan. GREEN VOTE, GREEN GROWTH: IT’S TIME TO PAINT PHILIPPINE POLITICS GREEN Paper Abstract After conducting a brief appraisal of the state of the environment of the Philippines and the seemingly inability of the government to respond to myriads of environmental problems, the paper argues that there is a need to elect committed and competent ―green politicians‖ to public offices in this coming May 10, 2010 elections because they are the ones who could make things happen - they have the political mandate and public resources at their disposal to formulate and implement environmental laws, policies, programs, and projects in pursuit of ―green growth‖ or environmentallysustainable development. However, there are uncertainties which need to be answered or clarified. Is there a green vote block in Philippine politics which can influence election outcomes? If there is, who are the green voters? If none, how can they be organized and mobilized? And, how can green voters select the greenest politicians among the lot? To respond to these questions, this paper delves into the ontological and epistemological foundation and evolution of ―green politics‖ and ―green vote,‖ then focuses on their existence (or absence) in Philippine politics. The second half of the paper provides methods and strategies that can be employed by Filipino voters to evaluate and select the greenest politicians.

Dr. Edna E.A. Co National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines-Diliman Profile DR. EDNA ESTIFANIA A. CO is professor at the National College of Public Administration and Governance, University of the Philippines and a founding member of the Movement for Good Governance.

A QUEST FOR FILIPINO LEADERS, 2010 Paper Abstract Election indeed offers itself as the single best opportunity for a nation to select its leaders. In spite of the imperfections of the system, the Filipino people look forward to election because this is one occasion when people cast their choice of the nation’s leaders. Citizens’ choices of leaders during election are a hallmark of democracy. The paper takes off from a shared and collected view on the selection of leaders framed by the Movement for Good Governance (MGG), a loose coalition of citizens and groups that organized themselves in 2009 to push for, as the name says, good governance in the Philippines. The MGG’s selection criteria are normative in a manner of speaking; nevertheless, these are benchmarks that the movement’s members thoughtfully framed. The paper further posits that to pick leaders, the MGG criteria should be crossvalidated and understood in a particular social-political conjuncture whose pretext is the Filipino nation’s aspirations given the country’s context in the last decade. The paper finally weaves the MGG criteria and the so-called

Session 15: Labor – Revisiting Constitutional Guarantees Prof. Patricia R.P. Salvador Daway College of Law, University of the Philippines Profile PROFESSOR PATRICIA R. P. SALVADOR DAWAY, the Associate Dean of the U.P. College of Law is concurrently the Supervisor of the U.P. Law Center. Completing both her Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws degrees from the University of the Philippines, Prof. Daway served as Technical Assistant in the Supreme Court before joining her parents in their law practice and for sometime, the private sector. She was appointed by the President of the Philippines in 1986 as a Labor Arbiter in the National Labor Relations Commission, where she served until 1994, the year when she joined the U.P. Law Center. Prof. Daway has written numerous papers on Labor Law and Migrant Workers, which have been presented here and abroad. A regular resource person and speaker in the yearly Legal Forum for Filipino Migrant Workers in Japan, she is a Director and the Board Secretary of the Kapisanan ng Migranting Pilipino, Inc. She is also the VicePresident of the Asian Society of Labour Law, an organization of Labour Law academics and practitioners in Asia, which is slated to hold its Biennial Conference in November 2010 at the UP College of Law, Malcolm Theater.

Faculty Regent Judy M. Taguiwalo University of the Philippines Profile PROFESSOR JUDY M. TAGUIWALO is a Professor in the College of Social Work and Community Development. She served as Chair of the Department of Women and Development Studies from 2000 to 2002, and as Director of the Research and Extension for Development Office from 2004 to 2006. She is the current UP Faculty Regent. Regent Taguiwalo graduated cum laude from U.P. Diliman with a Bachelor of Science degree in Social Work. She also has a Master of Arts degree in Public Administration from the Carleton University in Ontario, Canada, and a Ph.D. in Philippine Studies from the College of Social Sciences and Philosophy of the University of the Philippines. In 2009, she received the Distinguished Alumni Award in Gender Equality/Women Empowerment from the UP Alumni Association. In the same year, she was awarded the ―Gawad Pagpupugay‖ by GABRIELA.

Former Dean Merlin M. Magallona College of Law, University of the Philippines Profile FORMER DEAN MERLIN M. MAGALLONA is a faculty member at the U.P. College of Law and was Director of the Institute of International Legal Studies at the U.P. Law Center. He served as the Dean of the U.P College of Law from 1995 to 1999, and as its Associate Dean from 1991 to 1995. Prof. Magallona completed his law studies in 1958 at the University of the Philippines. He was a Visiting Fellow at Oxford University from 1969 to 1970, and at the Graduate School of International Development of Nagoya University, Japan in 1994. He was appointed Undersecretary of Foreign Affairs in 2001, wherein he served until his resignation in July 2002. In 1999, he was nominated by the Judicial and Bar Council to the position of Associate Justice of the Supreme Court. He was a member of the Supreme Court Committee on Legal Education from 1999 to 2003. His writings, most notably in international law, have been published both locally and abroad.

Dep. Administrator Hans Leo J. Cacdac Ateneo de Manila Law School, Ateneo de Manila University Profile HANS LEO J. CACDAC is the Deputy Administrator for Licensing and Adjudication of the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration. He is also in charge of the government programs on the campaign against illegal recruitment, and he also oversees marketing and planning. Administrator Cacdac holds a Master’s Degree in Comparative Law with focus on International Trade and Workers Rights from the Cumberland School of Law Standford University in Birmingham, Alabama. He earned his Juris Doctor degree from the Ateneo de Manila Law School, where he was a consistent Dean's Lister, and where he now teaches. Invited to speak in various international and local conferences and fora on law and human rights issues, he has also represented the Philippine government in various international conferences and bilateral talks with governments hosting Filipino workers.