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Indu ustry Glossa G ary
AAMA: American Architectural Manufactur Associa A l rers ation, a natio trade ass onal sociation tha at establishes voluntary standards fo the windo door and skylight industry. y for ow, d stic material. Acrylic: Thermoplas glazing m
Acoustic D Door: Acoustic Door that o obstructs and d prevents sound reverber rations, which h create superior  sound wit th minimal en nergy‐wave le eakage. 


Aerogel: A micropor : rous, transpa arent silicate foam curren under d e ntly development for potentia use al as a glazi cavity-fi material, o ing ill offering very high therm performa y mal ance. Air infilt tration: The amount of air leaking i and out of a building t e in f through crac in walls, cks windows and doors. s Airspace Compone placed at the perimet of an insu er: ent t ter ulating glass unit to sepa s arate the two o lites of glass.

ANSI: American National Standards Institute, a clearinghouse organization for all types of standards and product specifications. Annealed glass: Standard float glass. Arch-top: One of several terms used for a variety of window units with one or more curved frame members, often used over another window or door opening. Also referred to as circleheads, circle-tops and round-tops. Argon: An inert, nontoxic gas used in insulating glass to reduce heat transfer. ASHRAE: American Society of Heating, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Engineers, a national association that establishes standards for building energy performance. Astragal: Center post between two swing-ing doors. ASTM International: Formerly, the American Society for Testing and Materials, an organization that establishes material standards (including glass) and test methods. It has also produced a window installation standard. Awning: Window with sash swinging outward from bottom. Backbedding: Material or compound used to seal the glass to a window sash. Balance: Mechanical device (normally spring loaded) used in single- and double-hung windows as a means of counterbalancing the weight of the sash during opening and closing. Bay: A combination of window units that projects to the exterior. Usually features a large center unit with two flanking units at 30¡ or 45¡ angles to the wall. BETEC: Building Environment and Thermal Envelope Council. Part of the National Institute of Building Sciences, an organization representing government and industry, BETEC is involved in communicating government policy and influencing standards development within the industry. BIM: Building information modeling. A 3D, object-oriented approach to computer-aided architectural design. Enables data for manufacturer's details to be imported right into project design, and presents 3D models of products in place in building. Also provides access and ability to add to detailed imagery and information to everyone involved in the building process and building operations after project completion. BIVP: Building-integrated photovoltaics. A term used for products, such as commercial glazing, with solar-power collection cells built in. BOCA: Building Officials and Code Administrators. One of the three model code groups in the U.S. that has now merged into the International Code Council.

Bottom r rail: The bottom horizon member of a window sash or do panel. ntal r w oor Bow: A c combination window tha projects to the exterior. Usually fe n at o eatures four or more win ndow units in a radial or bo formation ow n. Box bay: A combina ation of wind units that projects to the exterio Usually fe dow o or. eatures a larg ge center un with two flanking uni at 90¡ ang to the w nit its gles wall. Breather tube: Tube placed thro r e ough air spac and seal of insulating glass that a cer g allows unit t to accommo odate change in pressur between ti and loca es re ime ation of man nufacture and time and d location o installatio where it i sealed. Us of on, is sually used t accommod changes in altitude to date s between plant and job site. Also referred to a capillary t as tube. Brickmo ould: A type of external casing for w e windows and doors. d Bullet Pr roof Door: They are inte T ended for arc chitectural en nvironments w with equivale ent bullet 
resistance e. 

Caming: The metal used in the c : u construction of decorativ glass pane Usually zinc or brass, it ve els. is also ap pplied to sing glass lite to create a decorative glass look. gle es Capillar tube: Tub placed thr ry be rough airspac and seal of insulating glass that a cer g allows unit to accommo odate change in pressur between ti and loca es re ime ation of man nufacture and time and d location o installatio where it i sealed. Us of on, is sually used t accommod changes in altitude to date s between plant and job site. Also referred to a breather tu as ube. Capstock A materia co-extrude with PVC formulated to offer a sp k: al ed C d pecific color finish and/ r, /or function, such as hea resistance. , at Casemen Window with sash cr nt: ranking outw ward, to the r right or left. Casing: Exposed mo oulding or pr rofile around a window o door, on e d or either the ins or outsid side de, the etween the w window fram or door jam and the w me mb wall. to cover t space be Caulking A compou for fillin joints and sealing cracks to preve leakage o water and air. g: und ng d ent of

Cellular PVC: Extru uded polyvin chloride material use in window and door c nyl ed w components and trim. Unl rigid (or hollow) vin it feature a foam or cell-structu inside. It can often be like r nyl, es r ure e nailed, sa and fabr awn ricated like w wood. Cellulosi composite: Generally a material combining a organic m ic y, an material, such as wood fi h iber, extruded with a plast tic. Check ra The bott ail: tom rail on the upper sas and the up sh pper rail of t lower sas of a doubl the sh lehung win ndow unit, where the loc is mounted. Also refer w ck rred to as a m meeting rail. . Circle-to One of several terms used for a v op: s variety of wi indow units with one or more curved d frame me embers, often used over another win ndow or door opening. A referred to as arch-to r Also ops, circle-heads, and rou und-tops. Cladding Material placed on the exterior of wood frame and sash components t provide ea g: p f e to ase of mainte enance. Com mmon cladding materials include vin and extru s nyl uded or roll-f formed aluminum m.

Clean Ro oom Door: A door wher in a clean room has a c re controlled leve el of contamination that is s 
specified by the number of particles per cubic m meter at a specified particle e size. These a are basically  meant for r air ingressio on in the room m.

Clerestory: A windo in the upp part of a high-ceiling room tha admits lig to the cen ow per ged at ght nter of the roo om. Combina ation door: A screen or storm door used in com mbination wit a primary door. Storm th y m windows also are ref s ferred to as c combination windows.

Composi A term used for win ite: u ndow or door component that consis of two or m r ts st more materi ials, such as g glass fibers or wood and plastic. The term also is used for wi o e s indows and d doors that combine two or more materials in the frame or sash cons e n struction, suc as a produ with a w ch uct wood and o interior a a vinyl or aluminum exterior. Clod Room Door: Insulated doo are used t control tem ors to mperature an prevent th cold loss.They nd he are used for cooler, fr reezer and foo od processing g facilities

Condens sation: Wate vapor from the air dep er m posited on an cold surfa that has a temperatur ny ace re below the dew point. Sometimes a problem o cold (and poorly insu e . on d ulated) windo glass or ow framing t is expos to humid indoor air. that sed d Configur rator: Softw that allo users to input windo and door sizes, options and other ware ows ow r r informati and crea a quote an ion ate nd/or order. Typically, it can also be used to pro t e ovide informa ation to manuf facturing sof ftware. Corner c cleaner: Ma achine that re emoves the b bead of exce material f ess formed in w welding vinyl l window c corners. Cottage double-hun A double ng: e-hung wind in which the top sash is shorter t dow h h than the bott tom sash. ondensation Resistance F Factor. A rat ting of a win ndow's abilit to resist co ty ondensation. The CRF: Co higher th CRF, the less likely co he l ondensation is to occur. CRM: C Customer Rel lationship M Management. A computer rized system for tracking all m g contacts with custom and pros mers spects. Cylinder A subasse r: embly for a d door lock con ntaining a cy ylinder plug with keywa and a cylin ay nder body wit tumbler mechanisms. th m Dade Co ounty: Florid county, in da ncluding Mia ami, that has set numero standards and s ous s requirem ments for hurr ricane-resist windows and doors. tant

Demand flow technology (DFT An approach to analy d T): yzing and opt timizing pro oduction line es. Desiccan A materia used to ab nt: al bsorb moistu from with the seale airspace o an insulati ure hin ed of ing glass unit. Design p pressure (DP A measu P): urement of th structural performance of a windo or door. he ow Usually s specified as one-and-a-h times gre half eater than ne ecessary based on expect building ted g, wind and weather conditions. d Divided lites: Separa ately framed pieces or pa d anes of glass A doubles. -hung window, for instan nce, often has several lites divided by muntins in each sash. T s y These design are often r ns referred to as sixs over-six, eight-over-o etc., to indicate the number of l one, lites in each sash. Design simulating the ns g appearan of separa nce ately framed panes of gla are often referred to a SDLs or s ass n as simulated divided lites. Designs using actua separate p al pieces of glas are somet ss times referre to as TDL or ed Ls true divid lites. ded Dormer: An area tha protrudes from the roo of a house generally f : at of e, featuring on or more ne windows s. Double g glazing: Use of two panes of glass in a window to increase e e n energy effici iency and provide o other perform mance benef May or m not refe to an insul fits. may er lating glass u unit. Double-h hung windo Window featuring tw operable sash that mo verticall in the fram ow: w wo ove ly me. Double-s strength gla Glass be ass: etween 0.115 and 0.133 inch thick. 5 Drip cap Moulding placed on to of the hea p: op ader brickmo ould or casin of a wind frame. ng dow Edge eff fect: Heat tra ansfer at the edge of an i insulating glass unit due to the therm propertie of mal es spacers a sealants. and Educatio Door: Do on oors that is us sed in educati ional institute es and buildin ngs, to provid de a safe learn ning 
space for the students in schools, co olleges and u universities. 


Egress w window: Win ndow design to be larg enough fo a firefight to climb in or a perso to ned ge for ter on climb out of in an em mergency. U. building codes requir each bedroom of a home to have a .S. re an emergenc exit wind cy dow, with mi inimum sizes specified.

Electroc chromic glaz zing: Glass o other glaz or zing material that can be switched fr l e rom clear to opaque e electronically y. Energy S Star: A prog gram sponso ored by the U Departm of Ener that estab U.S. ment rgy blishes minim mum performa ance standard for windo to be rec ds ows cognized as e energy efficient. Four di ifferent sets of standards for U-value and solar h gain hav been estab s e heat ve blished for f four differen climate zon nt nes in the U.S. See the Association D A Directory for more inform r mation on th Energy St Windows he tar s . gent ments are pla anned for 20 009. program. More string requirem
Entrance Door: Doors which are used for entry a at residence, office or com mmercial place e. 

ERP: En nterprise Res source Plann ning, a comp puterized sys stem that is u used to mana all aspec of age cts a compan operatio ny's ons. EuroWin ndoor: A co onsortium of European w f window, doo and curtain or nwall indust associatio try ons involved in the devel lopment of c common EU standards. Extensio jamb: A board or trim componen that extend from the i on b m nt ds interior of th window fr he rame to the int terior wall. It is used to increase the depth of the jambs of a w t window to fi a wall of a fit any given thickness. on: cess, in which a heated m material is fo orced through a die, used to produce h d Extrusio The proc aluminum vinyl (PV and othe profiles or components used in the production of windows and m, VC) er r e s doors. Te also is used to refer to the profil or lineals manufactur by this pr erm u les s red rocess and u used to make w window and door compo d onents. Fanlight A half-circ window o t: cle over a door or window w radiatin bars. with ng Fenestra ation: Origin nally, an arch hitectural ter for the ar rm rrangement o windows, doors and o of , other glazed ar reas in a wal Has evolv to becom a standard industry ter for windo ll. ved me d rm ows, doors, skylights and other glazed building openings From the L s g s. Latin word, " "fenestra," m meaning window. Finger-joint: A tooth joint use to combin two piece of wood end-to-end. hed ed ne es Fire Doo Fire Door is a passive s or: system used a as a movable barrier for sa aving life and property. 

ting or non-o operable win ndow. Fixed lite: Non-vent anel: Non-op perable door usually com r mbined with operable do unit. oor Fixed pa Flashing A strip of material tha diverts wat away from a window door or sky g: at ter w, ylight. Float gla Glass pr ass: roduced by a process in w which the rib bbon is float across a bath of molt ted ten tin. The v majority of flat glas is now pro vast y ss oduced using this method The terms "plate" glas g d. s ss and "shee glass refe to older m et" er manufacturin methods s in limited use. ng still Flush do oor: Door pr roduced usin two skins or faces sep ng parated by a stile-and-rai frame il construct tion at the pe erimeter. Flu doors ma be produc with a ho ush ay ced ollow core o solid core. or . Fogging: A deposit or film left o an interior surface of a sealed insu o on r ulating glass unit due to s extreme c conditions or failed seals. o French d door: Gener rally refers to a pair of hi o inged doors that open fro the midd Also om dle. incorpora wider st ates tile-and-rail components around the glass than ty s ypical glazed doors. d Friction-weld: A pro ocess that us high-spee vibrations to join mat ses ed terials togeth her. Fusion-w weld: A term for a type o corner con m of nstruction, u used with vin and other types of nyl r windows and doors, in which a small amount of material on the ends of two piec are melte or s l s ces ed softened, then pushed together to form a sing piece. Th also is ref , d o gle his ferred to sim mply as a wel lded corner. Glazing: Glass (and other materi : ials) in a win ndow or doo Also, the act or proce of or. ess fitting a u with gla unit ass. Glazing stop: A com mponent of th sash or do panel tha holds the glass in plac he oor at ce. Glider: A window with a movab sash that slides horizo w ble ontally. Also referred to as a horizon o ntal sliding w window. Green bu uilding: A movement in architectural and buildi circles a m n ing aimed at crea ating structur res that are o occupant and environmen d ntally friend Criteria such as susta dly. ainability, en nergy efficie ency and healt thfulness are considered. e

Green st trength: The immediate holding pow achieved by a sealan or adhesiv e wer d nt ve. Grille: A term referr ring to windo pane dividers or mun ow ntins. It may be a type of assembly f y f fitted to the int terior of the window or d w door unit tha can be deta at ached for cle eaning. Also can be fitte o ed inside the sealed insu e ulating glass unit, when i also is refe it erred to as a grid. Hard-coat glass: A glass produc that is coa during th manufact g ct ated he turing proces at the mol ss lten glass stag Also kno as a pyrolytic coatin this type of coating o ge. own ng, offers a surfa that is ace generally as durable as an ordina glass surf y ary face, and the erefore requi no speci handling and ires ial does not need to be used in an insulating glas unit. The other type of glass coating is a sputt u ss tercoat, whi is applied in a second ich d dary process Sometimes referred to as a soft-co these typ of s. oat, pes coatings generally re equire some a additional ca in handli and fabri are ing ication and m be used must d within an insulating glass unit. n g Head: M horizont frame me Main tal ember at the top of a win ndow or doo or. Header: Horizontal framing mem mber placed over the rou opening of a window or door to d ugh g w prevent t weight of a wall or ro from rest the f oof ting on the f frame. Also k known as a l lintel. Heat gai The trans of heat f in: sfer from outside to inside by means of c e y conduction, c convection a and radiation through all surfaces of a house. n Heat loss The transf of heat fr s: fer rom inside to outside by means of co o onduction, co onvection, a and radiation through all surfaces of a house. n

Hollow-c core door: Flush door constructed w two skin or door fa F with ns aces separate by stiles a ed and rails at th perimeter. Generally, a honeycom he mb-type supp is used inside the do between t port oor the two faces s. Hopper: Window with sash that swings inward from the top. : e Horizont slider: A window wi a movabl sash that s tal ith le slides horizo ontally. Also referred to as a o gliding w window.

Hospital Door: Hosp l pital Doors is used for hosp pitals and ope eration theate ers. These ha ave mechanically 
interlocke ed vertical edges that incre ease the rigid dity and strength. It has a r radiation shie eld of X‐ Ray / / cath  labs and e electromagne etic lock for ac ccess controls.  Hotel Doo ors: They are widely used for hotels and d motels. The ese enhance t the look of th he application n area  and provide a luxury accord to the a ambiance. 

IBC: Inte ernational Building Cod Published by the Inter B de. d rnational Co Council, the IBC ode primarily covers non y nresidential c construction. . ICBO: In nternational Council of B Building Of fficials. One of the three model code groups in th he U.S. that has merged to form the Internationa Code Cou t d al uncil. IECC: In nternational Energy Con nservation Code. Publish by the In hed nternational C Code Counc cil, the IECC sets forth compliance m C c methods for energy-effic cient constru uction of both residential and h l nonreside ential constr ruction. Impact-r resistant: Term used to describe win ndow and do products that have pa oor s assed establi ished tests for r resistance to windborne debris. Such products ar typically u o h re used in coas areas tha are stal at prone to hurricanes. Insulatin glass (IG Two or m ng G): more lites of g glass with a hermetically sealed airs y space betwee en the lites. The sealed space may contain air or be filled wi an inert g such as a s r ith gas, argon. Integrated sash: A sash unit in w s which the th insulating glass spacer profiles are integrated i he r e into profiles. Sep parate IG con nstruction is eliminated as the two li of glass are applied a ites and the sash p sealed directly to the sash, creatin one assem ng mbly. IRC: Int ternational Residential C R Code. Publish by the In hed nternational Code Counc the IRC cil, primarily covers low y w-rise residen ntial construc ction. Jalousie: Window made up of ho m orizontally m mounted glas louvers or slats that ab each oth ss r but her tightly w when closed and rotate ou a utward when cranked op n pen. Jamb: M vertical members fo Main l orming the sides of a win ndow or doo frame. or Jamb de ebth: Width of a window or door fro the interior to the ext w om terior of the frame.

Jambliner: The track installed inside the jambs of a double-hung window, on which the window sash slide. J-Channel: Installed or built-in to the side of a window or door, this channel is designed to accommodate the ends of siding pieces to provide a finished appearance. Kaizen: A Japanese management philosophy typically translated as "continuous improvement." Using this concept, employees are given the authority and resources to solve problems to make improvements. In kaizen events, teams of managers, employees and others are brought together to improve an entire process. These process-improvement methods are often introduced into a company in conjunction with a lean manufacturing philosophy. KD (Knocked down): Unassembled window or door. Laminated glass: Two or more sheets of glass with an inner layer of transparent plastic to which the glass adheres if broken. Used for enhanced safety and security, as well as sound reduction. Lean manufacturing: A business philosophy and/or strategy that focuses on eliminating waste, which includes all steps or processes that do not add value to the final product or service. It is usually employed along with the concept of kaizen, or continuous improvement. LEED rating system: A "green building" rating system established by the U.S. Green Building Council. Currently applicable to new commercial construction and major renovations, the program is being expanded to include residential construction as well. LEED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design. Life-cycle analysis (LCA): An assessment of the environmental impact of a product that takes into account its entire lifespan. For a window or door, this would include energy and materials used to manufacture, its energy savings contribution during its useful life, and its disposal and/or capacity to be recycled. Lintel: A structural component or beam above a window or door opening that supports the wall above. Also referred to as a header. Lite: A piece of glass. In windows and doors, refers to separately framed panes of glass (as well as designs simulating the look of separately framed pieces of glass). Sometimes spelled "light." Low-emissivity (Low-E) glass: A coated glass product that reflects heat. Masonry opening: Area in a masonry wall left open for windows or a door. MDF: Medium-density fiberboard. A wood-fiber composite used in a variety of window, door and millwork applications.

MEC: M Model Energy Code, esta y ablished by E Energy Polic Act of 199 to serve a a baseline for cy 92 as state ener codes. Although refe rgy A ferenced in so state co ome odes, it has b been succeed by the ded Internatio Energy Conservatio Code (IEC onal on CC). Mechani window A term for a product, usually viny in which t corners a assemble ical w: r yl, the are ed using scr rews or other fastening m r mechanisms, as opposed to a welded corner cons , d struction. Al lso referred t as a mech to hanically fast tened windo ow. Mortise lock: A lock fitting a rectangular-sh k haped cavity in the edge of a door. Mullion: A compone used to s : ent structurally join two win ndow or door units. r Multipoi lock: A locking syste operated with one h int l em, d handle, that s secures a win ndow or doo at or two or m more locking points. Muntin: Profile or moulding, eit m ther vertical or horizonta used to se al, eparate glass in a sash in s nto ally o ts onstruct divid lite grids or grilles ded s multiple lites. Genera refers to component used to co simulatin a divided lite look. ng Nailing f An acce fin: essory compo onent or inte egral extensi of a wind or patio door frame that ion dow o generally overlaps th convention stud con y he nal nstruction and through w d which nails ar driven to re secure th frame in place. he p NFRC: N National Fen nestration Ra ating Counci A body th has estab il. hat blished metho for ratin ods ng and certif fying the ene ergy perform mance of win ndows, door skylights and other fenestration rs, products. .

Office D Door: Office d door, Comme ercial door, co ommercial off fice doors, off fice doors int terior, Adhering to 
robust sec curity, tender r privacy, and d with modern aesthetic fe eatures. 


SDJA: N National Sash and Door J h Jobbers Asso ociation. Tra organiza ade ation of wind dow, door an nd millwork distributors It is now th Associati of Millw k s. he ion work Distribu utors (AMD) ).

Security Door: Secu y urity doors au ugment the pr rotection offe ered by an en ntrance door. 

NWWDA National Wood Wind and Doo Associatio Trade or A: dow or on. rganization t has that established many stan ndards relate to wood w ed window and door produc It is now the Window cts. w w r urers Associa ation (WDM MA). and Door Manufactu One-step distributor: An indust term for a wholesale company w p try which buys bu uilding prod ducts from a m manufacturer and sells the to builde contracto and homeowners is r em ers, ors referred to as a s one-step distributor. A wholesale that buys b er building pro oducts from t manufacturer and sel the lls them to l lumberyards and home c centers, whic in turn sel to builders contractors and ch ll s, s homeown is referr to as a tw ners red wo-step distr ributor. Oriel: Ty of bay window whic protrudes from building, but does not touch th ground. ype w ch s he Palladian: A large, arch-top win a ndow flanked by smaller windows on each side. d r n Panel: C Component, usually wood mounted w u d, within stile-and-rail mem mbers of doo Also use to ors. ed refer to th entire doo he or. Panning In replacem window work, the outside alum g: ment w minum trim t can exte around th that end he perimeter of the wind opening used to co r dow g; over up the o window m old material. Parting s stop: A narr mouldin either integral or applied, that holds a sash or panel in row ng, r position i a frame. in Picture w window: La arge, non-ope erating wind dow. It is usu ually longer than it is wide to provid a de panorami view. ic Pivot win ndow: A un with a sas that swing open or sh by revolv nit sh gs hut ving on pivo at either s ots side of the sas or at top and bottom. sh a Pocket w window: A unit designed for replace u d ement applic cations that is installed in the existi s nto ing window f frame after removal of th sash, bala r he ance hardwa and partin stops. Als called an are ng so insert win ndow, these units allow existing inte erior and ext terior trim to be maintain o ned.

Polycarbonate: A plastic material used for glazing. Polyvinyl Butyral (PVB): Plastic material used as the interlayer in the construction of some types of laminated glass. Plate glass: Flat glass produced by grinding and polishing to create parallel plane surfaces affording excellent vision. Although the term is still used commonly, most window glass is now produced using the float process. See float glass. Pre-hanger: A company that buys doors, framing, hardware, glass lites and other components, and prepares (or pre-hangs) the unit for installation. Prime window: A primary window, as opposed to a storm or combination unit added on. Pro dealer: A term used for building product dealers and/or distributors that cater to professional customers such as home builders and remodeling contractors. Projected window: A window in which the sash opens on hinges or pivots. Refers to casements, awnings and hoppers. Pultrusion: The process used to produce fiberglass composite profiles or components for the production of windows and doors. Term also is used generally to refer to the composite profiles or lineals cut and processed to make window and door components. PVC: Polyvinylchloride. An extruded material used for window and door framing. Pyrolytic glass: A glass product that is coated, usually to provide low-emissivity or solar-control benefits, during the manufacturing process at the molten glass stage. Commonly referred to as a hard coat, this type of coating offers a surface that is generally as durable as an ordinary glass surface, and therefore requires no special handling and does not need to be used in an insulating glass unit. The other type of glass coating is a sputter-coat, which is applied in a secondary process. Sometimes referred to as a soft-coat, these types of coatings generally require some additional care in handling and fabrication and must be used within an insulating glass unit. Radiation: The transfer of heat in the form of electromagnetic waves from one separate surface to another. Low-E glass is designed to reduce this type of heat transfer by reflecting electromagnetic waves. Rail: Horizontal member of the framework of a window sash or door. Reflective glass: Window glass coated to reflect visible light and solar radiation striking the surface of the glass. RESFEN: A computer program designed to calculate energy use based on window selection in residential buildings.

Resin: A term commonly used within the industry that refers to the raw materials used by PVC extruders to produce vinyl window profiles. The word is also used to describe a liquid material that is used in the production of laminated glass. RF: Radio frequency. Technology used with bar code scanners and other input devices in plant and warehouse tracking systems. RFID: Radio frequency identification. A technology that uses electronic tags and labels on products, pallets or carts along with wireless scanners and other devices to automatically track the location of components and products throughout the manufacturing and/or distribution process. Roof window: An operable unit similar to a skylight placed in the sloping surface of a roof. Rough opening: Framed opening in a wall into which a window or door unit is to be installed.

Round-top: One of several terms used for a variety of window units with one or more curved frame members, often used over another window or door opening. Also referred to as arch-tops, circle-tops and circle-heads. R-value: Resistance to thermal transfer or heat flow. Higher R-value numbers indicate greater insulating value. R-value is frequently used by the insulation industry and is the reciprocal of Ufactor, a value more generally used in the window industry. Safety glass: A strengthened or reinforced glass that is less subject to breakage or splintering and less likely to cause injury if broken. Law requires glass in doors to be some type of safety glazing product, such as tempered or laminated glass. Sash: An assembly of stiles and rails (vertical and horizontal members) made into a frame for holding glass. Sash cord: Rope or chain in double-hung windows that attaches the sash to the counter balance. Sash lift: Protruding or recessed handle on the inside bottom rail of the lower sash on a doubleor single-hung window. Sash stiffener: A reinforcement, usually inserted into a sash profile prior to assembly, designed to increase the strength of the unit. Sash weights: Concealed cast-iron weights used to counterbalance the sash of older double-hung windows. SBCCI: Southern Building Code Congress International One of the three model code groups in the U.S. that merged to form the International Code Council.

Self-cleaning glass: Glass treated with a special coating. Currently, commercially available products feature a coating that uses the sun's UV rays to break down organic dirt through what is called a photocatalytic effect. The coating also provides a hydrophilic effect, which reduces the surface tension of water to cause it to sheet down the surface easily and wash away dirt. Shading coefficient (SC): A measure of a window's ability to transmit solar heat, relative to that ability for 1/8-inch clear glass. The lower a unit's shading coefficient, the less solar heat it transmits, and the greater its shading ability. It is being phased out in favor of the solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC). Sheet glass: A transparent, flat glass found in older windows, now largely replaced by float glass. Sidelites: Narrow fixed units mulled or joined to operating door units to give a more open appearance.

Sill: The main horizontal member forming the bottom of the frame of a window or door. Sill pan: A product placed under a window or door during the installation process that is designed for water drainage. Simulated divided lites (SDLs): A type of grille or grid design that creates the appearance of a number of smaller panes of glass separated by muntins, but actually uses larger lites of glass with the muntins placed between and/or on the surfaces of the glass layers. Single glazing: Use of a single lite of glass in a window. Generally not as energy efficient as insulating glass or other forms of double glazing. Single-hung: A window resembling a double-hung, or vertically sliding window, with a fixed, non-operating top sash. Single-strength glass: Glass with thickness between 0.085 and 0.100 inch. Six Sigma: A statistics-driven approach to quality control developed originally by Motorola. Skin: A single piece of material used as the face of a door. Slab: A term for a complete door panel that has not been prepared for installation into a frame. Smart window: Generic term, sometimes used for windows offering high energy efficiency or windows featuring switchable glass to control solar gain. Solar-control glass: Glass produced with a coating or tint that absorbs or reflects solar energy, thereby reducing solar gain.

Solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC): A rating, which is now generally replacing shading coefficient, measuring a window's ability to transmit solar heat. It measures both the solar radiation which is directly transmitted, as well as the solar radiation absorbed by the glass and subsequently transmitted. The lower a unit's solar heat gain coefficient, the less solar heat it transmits, and the greater its shading ability. It is approximately equal to the shading coefficient divided by 1.15. It is expressed as a number without units between 0 and 1. Solid-core door: Flush door produced with a solid material placed within the door skins. Soft-coat glass: A glass product that is coated in a secondary process known as sputter-coating, usually to offer low-emissivity or solar-control benefits. The term refers to the fact that these types of coatings generally require some additional care in handling and fabrication and must be used within an insulating glass unit. A hard-coat or pyrolytic glass is coated during the manufacturing process at the molten glass stage. This type of coating offers a surface that is generally as durable as an ordinary glass surface, and therefore requires no special handling and does not need to be used in an insulating glass unit. Sound transmission class (STC): A rating measuring a window's acoustic properties or its ability to reduce sound transmission. An STC rating is determined by measuring the sound transmission over a selected range of sound frequencies. The higher the number, the less sound transmitted. SPD: Suspended particle device. A type of switchable glazing that typically uses laminated glass construction with the interlayer material featuring "suspended particles" that align when the glass unit is charged to provide a clear view and scatter when there is no charge, changing the glazing to translucent. Spectrally selective glass: A coated or tinted glazing with optical properties that are transparent to some wavelengths of energy and reflective to others. Typically, spectrally selective coatings are designed to allow high levels of visible light or daylight into a building and reflect shortwave and long-wave infrared radiation. Splayed window: Window unit set at an angle in a wall. Sputter-coating: A secondary manufacturing process in which a thin layer of materials, usually designed to offer low-emissivity or solar-control benefits, is applied to glass. Sputter-coatings are commonly referred to as soft-coats, as they generally require some additional care in handling and fabrication and must be used within an insulating glass unit. A hard-coat or pyrolytic glass is coated during the manufacturing process at the molten glass stage. This type of coating offers a surface that is generally as durable as an ordinary glass surface, and therefore requires no special handling and does not need to be used in an insulating glass unit. Stile: The main vertical frame members of a sash or door. Stile-and-rail door: Traditional type of wood door constructed with vertical stiles and rails with openings filled with raised wood panels or glass.

Stool: Interior trim piece sometimes used to extend a window sill and act as a narrow shelf. Stop: A moulding used to hold, position or separate window or door parts. Also, the moulding or component on the inside of a window frame against which the window sash rests or closes. Also called a bead, side stop, window stop and parting stop. Super window: A generic term for a window with a very low U-value. Typically, it incorporates multiple glazings, low-E coatings, gas fills and an insulating spacer. Tempered glass: Glass heat-treated to withstand greater than normal forces on its surface. When it breaks, it shatters into small pieces to reduce hazard. Tenon: A rectangular projection cut out of a piece of wood for insertion into a mortise. Thermal break: A thermally insulating or low-conductance material used between interior and exterior aluminum (or other conductive material) window and door components. Tilt window: A single- or double-hung window whose operable sash can be tilted into a room to allow cleaning of the exterior surface on the inside. Transom: Window used over the top of a door or window, primarily for additional light and aesthetic value. Triple glazing: Use of three panes of glass or plastic with two airspaces between. Generally refers to a sealed insulating unit. True divided lites (TDLs): Traditional window construction incorporating smaller panes of glass actually separated by muntins, rather than simulating such an appearance with larger lites of glass and a muntin grid or grille placed between or on the surfaces of the glass layers. Two-step distributor: An industry term for a wholesale company that buys building products from the manufacturer and sells them to lumberyards and home centers, which in turn sell to builders, contractors and homeowners. A wholesaler that buys building products from a manufacturer and sells them to builders, contractors and homeowners is referred to as a one-step distributor. U-factor: Rate of heat flow-value through a building component, from room air to outside air. Also referred to as U-value. The lower the U-factor, the better the insulating value. U-factor, a rating more generally used in the window industry, is the reciprocal of R-value, a rating commonly used in the insulation industry. Ultraviolet light (UV): Invisible rays of solar radiation at the short-wavelength violet end of the spectrum. Ultraviolet rays can cause fading of paint finishes, carpets and fabrics, as well as deterioration of some materials.

Vinyl: Generic term for polyvinylchloride or PVC, an extruded material used for window and door framing. Warm-edge: A type of insulating glass construction using an airspacer offering lower thermal conductance than traditional aluminum spacer. Warm-edge IG units typically offer higher resistance to condensation and an incremental improvement in window energy performance. WDMA: Window and Door Manufacturers Association. Formerly the National Wood Window and Door Association, this trade organization has established many standards related to wood window and door products. Weatherstripping: A material or device used to seal the openings, gaps or cracks of venting window and door units to prevent water and air infiltration. Weep hole: A small opening in a window or sill member through which water may drain to the building exterior. Weld: A term used for a type of corner construction, used with vinyl and other types of windows and doors, in which a small amount of material at the two pieces are melted or softened, then pushed together to form a single piece. This also is referred to commonly as a fusion-weld. Wildland/urban interface: An area where buildings are bounded by wild or natural areas in regions where wild fires are a concern. Some fire and code officials are looking at the establishment of fire-resistance requirements for exterior building products in these "interface" areas. Wind load: Force exerted on a surface by moving air.

Dorplus is a leading Ma s anufacturer of commercial and resident metal and Steel Doors a Frames, tial and windows, standard and custom doors, security doors and secu d urity windows and are Architectural Doo s or, material metal door and ste doors supplier & export worldwide eel ter e. Building m They are DIN EN ISO 9001:2001 Certified m e O manufacturi ing company with D&B D-U-N-S y certificat tion. They spec cialize in commercial archit tectural desig gner hardware and we are the premier m e manufacturer r, exporter a supplier of quality stee doors, fram and o el mes, architectu hardware and Building material me ural e g etal door. Dorplus makes Hollow Metal C H Commercial D Door Frames C Custom Made and Standard Door Frame for e es eed. all your ne

Leading m manufacturer of steel door rs and frames s for commerc cial, industria al, and institut tional  construction. They lead d the industry y through  lon ng‐term commitment to the construction industry's s  Owners, D Developers, A Architects, Co ontractors.  

Sheth F Fabricators s Private Li imited     Phone e: +91 22 2 27554441 O OR +91 22 27554442 2     Fax: + +91 22 27554440     www. om          dorplus@gm

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