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Milkfiber

MilkFiber
fibers
tow/tops
spunyarns

Introduction
Properties
Applications
Grades
Processability
Backgroundinfo
SupplierPartner

Introduction
Foreword
Allthroughtheyears,expertshavebeendevotedtotheresearchesonimprovedfibersandatpresenttheyhavesucceeded
inthedevelopmentofthegloballyadvancedmilkproteinfiber,amilestoneintheinternationaltextileindustry.Uptonow,
thiskindoffiberwasonlyproducedinJapan.
Theemergenceofmilkproteinfiberupdatesthetraditionaldefinitionofanimalproteinfiber.Beingtheoptimalcombinationof
natureandhitech,itismoreaccommodatedtotheneedsofpeoplesmodernlifestyle.
Milkproteinfiberisdewateredandskimmedmilkwhichismanufacturedintotheproteinspinningfluid
suitable for wet spinning process by means of new bioengineering technique. Milk protein fiber has
passedOekoTexStandard100greencertificationfortheinternationalecologicaltextiles.

Milkproteinfiberishealthyforskin,comfortable,withbrightcolorsduetogooddyeability,etc.The
milkproteinfibercanbespunpurelyorspunwithcashmere,silk,spunsilk,cotton,wool,ramieand
otherfiberstoweavefabricswiththefeaturesofmilkproteinfiber.Itcanalsobeusedtocreatetop
gradeunderwear,shirts,Tshirts,loungewear,etc.tosatisfypeoplespursuitofcomfortable,healthy,
superiorandfashionablegarments.
The milk protein fiber is a fresh product as a superior green, healthy and comfortable fiber, which will certainly become
populargoodsinthemarketasnewfavoriteofthetextiletrade.

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Properties
Goodmoisture,absorptionandconduction:
Thefiberbasebodydoesnothaveregularchannels,whichmakesthemilkfiberhaveasfinemoistureabsorptionas
naturalfiberandbettermoistureconductionthansyntheticfibersmilkfiberisbothcomfortableandpermeable.

VerticalpictureoffiberHorizontalpictureoffiber
Maintechnicalindexesofmilkproteinfiber
No

Itemname

Fibertenacity(dtex)

0.83

Breakingtenacity(cN/dtex)

2.53.5

Breakingelongationrate(%)

2535

Modulus(cN/dtex)

6080

Standardmoistureregain(%)

5.5

Specificresistance

1.5104

Staticfrictioncoefficient

0.187

7
8

Index

Dynamicfrictioncoefficient

0.214

Colorfastnesstowashing

45grade

Fastnesstocrocking

45grade

Fastnesstoperspiration

45grade

Colorfastnesstolight

4grade

Pillingresistance

3grade

10

Contentofformaldehyde

Functionalcomparisonofmilkproteinfiberfabrics
1).Permeability
Knitfabric

Milkproteinfiber

Polypropylenefiber

Polyester

Polyamide

Acrylic

Silk

Permeability

1.78

0.64

0.775

0.645

0.98

1.215

2).Wetconduction
Knitfabric

Milkproteinfiber

Polypropylenefiber

Polyester

Polyamide

Acrylic

Silk

10minuteswickingrate

3.78

3.10

4.11

2.06

0.85

Wettingarea(cm2)

8.170

15.54

13.9

4.6

1.04

Wettingvolume(cm3)

0.430

0.653

0.695

0.298

0.058

3).Heatretention

Fabric

Thermalresistance(clo)

Heattransfercoefficient(kal/m.h.)

Milkproteinfiberknitfabric

0.2491

26.08

Heatretentionrate(%)
28.5

Acrylicknitfabric

0.1985

33.33

24.02

Cottonknitfabric

0.2639

25.98

29.71

Woolknitfabric

0.3341

19.3

36.26

4).Antistaticproperty
Fiber

Milkprotein
fiber

Polyester
(deoiled)

Polyamide
(deoiled)

Massspecificresistance(lgpm)(Relativehumidity
is65%)

9.1

14

14

Acrylic Silk
9.12

9.8

5).Frictioncoefficient
Knitfabric

Milkproteinfiber

Cotton

Silk

Frictioncoefficient

0.214

0.298

0.332

6).Bendingelasticmodulus
Knitfabric

Milkproteinfiber

Cotton

Silk

Bendingelasticmodulus

0.33

3.65

1.47

7).Drapability
Knitfabric

Milkproteinfiber

Cotton

Silk

Drapecoefficient(%)

16

10

Milkproteinfibercanbedyedunderthenormaltemperature,andothercharacteristicsaregood.
SampleName:

Milkfabric

SampleQuantity:

30*30cm

Sampledescription

red

Environmentalcondition:

Temperature:202degrC
Humidity:653%RH

Ref.DocumentsForthe
test

Testconclusion

GB/T84271998GB/T4802.31997GB/T39201997
GB/T39211997GB/T39221995FZ/T010571999
Fibercontent

Milk60%/wool40%

Antilightcolorfastness

+4

Antifriction

3
3

Antiwashing

45

Antisweat(alkali)

45

Antisweat(acid)

45

TestedbyNationalInspectionandTestingCenterforFiberProductsQuality,theshellfabriciswashingand
perspirationresistant,thecolorfastnesstolightreachesgrade45andthepillingresistancegoesuptothirdgrade.

Applications
Themilkproteinfibermoistensskinanditishealthyandbacteriostaticitistheperfect
materialtoproduceunderwear.Theimportantingredientsofmilkproteinfiberaremilkcasein
proteins,whichcannourishandlubricatetheskin.Themilkproteincontainsthenatural
humectantfactor,whichcancapturemoistureandthiswillmaintaintheskinsmoistureit
makestheskintenderandsmoothandreducewrinklespeoplesdreamoftakingmilkbaths
canberealized.
TShirts
Underwear
Ladiesouterwear
Sportswear
Sweaters
Milkproteinfiberreducedthecostofcashmereproducts.Atpresent,thewholeindustrial

processfromfiberspinning,weaving,printinganddyeingtoreadymadegarmentshasbeen
combined,milkyarnwithdifferentspecificationshasbeendeveloped,andmilkunderwear,
milkcashmeresweaters,Tshirtsandsoonhavealreadyappearedonthemarket...

Grades
fibers
tow/tops
spunyarns

Processability

Mainprocessofmilkproteinfiber
Tomakemilkproteinfiber, milk is first dewatered and skimmed,
then by means of new bioengineering technique, the protein
spinningfluidsuitableforawetspinningprocessismanufactured,
thenfinally the new highgrade textile fiber is made. It combines
the advantages of natural fiber and synthetic fiber the protein
fiberisakindoffreshfiberwithhealthyfunction.

Themilkproteinfibercontainseighteenaminoacids,whichisbeneficialtohumanshealthandhasthefunctions
ofnourishingandtakingcareofskin.
Kindsandcontentofaminoacidinmilkproteinfiber
Kindsofaminoacid

Actualdata

Kindsofaminoacid

Actualdata

Asparticacid

2.039

Methionine

0.7587

Threonine

0.9918

Isoleucine

1.101

Serine

1.429

Leucine

2.493

Glutamicacid

5.549

Tyrosine

1.572

Pro.

2.529

Phe.

1.331

Glycocoll

0.5259

Lysine

2.289

Alanine

0.9037

Histidine

0.8602

Cystine

0.0815

Arginine

0.9246

Val.

1.71

Tryptophan

0.1831

TestedbySGSCSTCStandardsTechnicalServicesCo.LtdShanghaiBranch,thecontentofaminoacidis
30.34%.
Technicalinfosonhowtoworkmilkfiberscanbeobtainedfromus.

Backgroundinformation
Thewetspinningtechnology,auniquespinningsolventisused,microzincionsareisembeddedinthefiber,after
dryingandaftertreatment,zincoxideisproduced,thereforeitisbacteriostaticanddurable.
Item
Goldenyellowstaphylococcus
(ATCCNO.6538)
colonbacillus
(ATCCNO.8099)
whiteBeadsgerm
(ATCCNO.8099)

Testresult
Restrain>3.86(99.9986)
Sterilization>1.96(98.9011)
Restrain>5.17(99.9993)
Sterilization>2.03(99.0741)
Restrain>3.84(99.9855)
Sterilization>1.88(98.6667)

TestedbyChinaNationalTextilesQualitySupervisionTestingCenter,thebacterialvalueofgoldenyellow
staphylococcusisgreaterthan99.9986,thebacterialvalueofcolonbacillusisgreaterthan99.9993andthe
bacterialvalueofwhiteBeadsgermisgreaterthan99.9855.

Propertycomparisonbetweenmilkproteinfiberandothertextilefiber
Property
Length(mm)

Milkprotein
fiber

Cotton

Silk

Wool
58100

38

2539

Fineness(dtex)

1.52

1.22.0

1.02.8

69

*Drytensilestrength(CN/dtex)

2.8

1.93.1

3.84.0

2.63.5

*Drybreakingelongationrate(%)

2535

710

1116

1425

Wettensilestrength(CN/dtex)

2.4

3.2

2.12.8

0.8

Wetbreakingelongationrate(%)

28.8

13

2733

50

Frictioncoefficient(static)

0.187

0.52

0.24

Frictioncoefficient(dynamic)

0.214

0.26

0.384

9.1

6.8

9.8

8.4

6080

6082

6080

4488

Logarithmofmassspecificresistance(Wg/cm2)
*Initialmodulus(CN/dtex)
Moistureregain(%)

58

78

89

1517

Specificweight(g/cm3)

1.22

1.501.54

1.461.52

1.341.38

*Theintensityoffiberbreakageandmouldaremoderate,itisgreattoextend,thespinningandweaving
performanceisgood.

Somehistoricbackgroundinformation
Casein[milk]protein
Caseindatesbackmanycenturieswhenitwasused
asabinderforpaintspaintwithcaseinappliedto
14thand15thcenturychurchesstillappearsbright
andunfaded.
Proteinsareobtainedfromskimmilk,evaporatedmilk
andcondensedmilk.Thereareaboutthreepoundsof
caseininevery100poundsofmilk.
Whencuttostaplelengthfibercaseinhasmany
propertiesofwool.Fibersarewhite,fluffy,springy
andhaveapleasantodor.Whenblendedwithother
fiberscaseinaddedasoftdrapingqualityand
resiliencytofabrics.Fiberwasblendedwithwoolfor

Groundcaseinispouredintotrapdoor,treatedwith
chemicalsandheatedinhugevatstoformasolution
whichisforcedthroughspinneretswashed,dried,cut
intostaplesandbaledtoyarnmakingplantsfor
spinningandblending.America'sFabrics

Textureddraperymadefromsoftcaseinyarnscombined

creatingfeltandwithspunrayon,wool,mohairand
cottonforattractivewovenandknittedfabricsina
varietyofweaves,texturesandprints.

withotherfibers.America'sFabrics

Eventhoughcaseinfiberlackscertaindesirable
qualitiesofwoolitwasawaytoreplacewoolata
lowercost.Whenmixedwithrayonandwool,casein
helpedintheconservationeffortduringWWIIasa
woolsubstitute.
Caseinfiberscannotbedistinguishedfromwoolfibers
bychemicalorburningtests,onlybymicroscope.
Becausechemicalcompositionissosimilar,casein
burnslikewoolwithodorofburninghair,hasno
surfacescaleslikewoolbutissmoothandround
whenviewedunderamicroscope,isdamagedreadily
byalkalisandmildewseasily.
Thoughcaseinscanbelaunderedwithcarethesame
aswool,theyloosestrengthwhenwetandmustbe
handledgently.Theycannotbekeptdampforany
lengthoftimeduetoquickmildewing.Three
successfulbrandnameswereAralacinAmericaand
LanitalandMerinovainItaly.
MontgomeryWard'sS/S1942catalogfeaturedclassic
feltstylesof94%newwooland6%caseinfiber.Colors
choiceswereblack,flagred,navy,dustyrose,dusty
blueandbeige.$2.48and$3.98respectively.

Lanitalwasthefirstsuccessfulproteinfiberfrom
milkcasein.AntonioFerettiwasgrantedapatentfor
thisfiberfromtheItaliangovernmentin1935.Itwas
namedLanital[lana=wool+ital=Italy],and
manufacturedbySniaViscosawhichcalledthefabric
afancyrayon.Itlastedintotheearly40sand
supercededbyMerinovawhichwasusedtoblend
withrabbithairintheproductionoffelts.Merinova
wasdiscontinuedinthelate1960s.
Fibersofbothfabricswereverysimilartowooland
couldbedyedbythesameprocesses,andlikewool CrosssectionalviewofLanitalunderamicroscope.
KansasStateAgBulletin300
theywereeasilydamagedbyalkalis.Bothhada
resilientwoolyfeelbutwerenotasstrongandfirmnor
aselasticaswool.Mothswouldnotattackand
shrinkagewasnotasmuchaswoolbutfibers
mildewedeasilywhendamp,aninherent
characteristicofproteinfibersasnotedearlier.

Aralac
Apatentwasgrantedin1937totheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgricultureformakingacasein
fiberbyasomewhatdifferentmethodthanLanital.AralacwasdevelopedbytheAmerican
ResearchAssociates,ascientificresearchdivisionoftheNationalDairyProductsCorp.
Auseablefiberwasdevelopedandreadyforthemarketin1940,justintimetoserveasawool
substituteduringWWII.ItsnamewasderivedfromARA=AmericanResearchAssociates+lac=
Latinformilk.
Aralacwasblendedwithrabbitfurinmakingfelthatsandwithwool,mohair,rayonandcottonin
varyingproportionsforfabricsandgarments.Althoughclothinginthisfiberwasavailableaslateas
1947,theimpactofmanmadefibersfollowingthewarcausedthedemiseofthisfiberin1948asit
couldnotcompetewiththelowpriceofnewsynthetics.Pluswhendamp,thisfabricsmelledlike
sourmilk,causingmanyconsumercomplaints,aquitecommon,familiarailmentwithinthecasein
family.

R53
appearedaround1941Rforresearchand53indicatingitwasthe53rdfibertestedinasearchfora
fiberwhichwassuitabletomanufacturefelthats.ThisfiberwasfinerthanAralacandwasusedto
blendwithrabbitfurinmakingfeltforhats.Littleinformationisavailable.Itwaslistedbythisname
aslateas1953butseemstohavedisappeared.Possiblythefibermighthavebeenrenamedor
absorbedbyMerinovaorfailedtosurviveasacompetitor.

CaslenwasatrademarkofPlasticProducts,adivisionofRubberset.Itwasdevelopedasacurled
andresilientreplacementforhorsehairinupholstery.Itappearedonthemarketinthelate1940s
andaccordingtoglossarylistings,wasoffmarketbytheearly60s.AnotherbrandfromGreat
BritainwasFibrolane,discontinuedin1965.

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