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Drugs is a substance that can affect the human body function ie when inserted into the
human body and according to doctor's instructions. The use of drugs for themselves
without medical indication and does not aim referred to as Substance Abuse.
In general, abused drugs or substances which are substances that include classes of
psychoactive drugs (psychoactive drugs), which is a drug that can give the changes in
mental function (thinking and feeling, consciousness, perception, behavior) and motor
In addition to substances having a certain effect on the human body and one of the
effects contained in the class of psychoactive and Narcotics is its ability to cause
dependence, so that this substance is a substance that can cause dependency. among
other things:
a. Alcohol such as liquor.
b. Narcotics such as morphine, heroin, and pethidine.
c. Cannabis, or marijuana for example Marjuana.
Suppressing the central nervous system such as Mandrax, Rohypnol, Magadon,
Nitrazepan, Sedatin (BK tablet / pill dog).
CNS stimulants such as amphetamine, (which in recent years, with mixed with
another substance referred to as Ecstasy pills and so on).
Healing or treatment of substance dependence is a difficult thing, therefore, the
preventive action is a very important effort.
Substance abuse (drug) in Indonesia is a problem that began to arise since + 26 years
ago. This problem is getting bigger and widespread that finally declared a national
problem in need to overcome to get attention from all parties. Agency formed in 1971
called BAKOLAK INPRES 6 / 1971.
Based on the research and observations of various parties got the impression that
those who abuse substances belonging to the mostly young age.
They are groups that have a high risk (high risk). Adolescence is a period that is
sensitive to all kinds of interference. Teenagers need bentuan and attention of parents
and teacher or tutor in this past with calm and reasonable. Assistance and attention
can be given if we are understanding the porblems them and find out various factors
that may cause porblem, especially those dealing with substance abuse; which include
mental health sciences.
2. Typical Situation Adolescent Period
As the transition from childhood towards adulthood, adolescence is a period full of
difficulties and gejola, both for teenagers themselves and for their parents. Often due
to ignorance of parents about the state of adolescence is the reality can lead to clashes
and misunderstandings between teenagers with parents that is in the family or the
young with their environment.
The above certainly does not help the teenager to get through this period with fairly,
so that results in a variety of behavioral disorders such as substance abuse or juvenile
delinquency or other mental disorders. Parents will often be confused or helpless in
the face of teenage child development and increase the severity of this disorder
suffered by their teenagers.
To avoid this and be able to determine a reasonable attitude in dealing with teenagers,
we all expected to understand adolescent development and its distinctive features
found on the developments. With this it is hoped that we (who are adults) for
understanding of the changes that happen to children and adolescents at the time he
mamasuki adolescence.
Similarly, by understanding and nurture a child / youth to become healthy individuals

in terms of mental health and preventing juvenile delinquency forms need to

understand the process of growth from child to adulthood.
3. Several characteristics are typical Adolescent Period:
a. Change of role
The change from childhood to adolescence to bring change in an individual. If the
child during his role as an individual who behaves and acts that tend to always be
dependent and dilingungi, then in adolescence he was expected to be able to stand
alone and he was willing independent.
But actually he still needed protection and they can depend on from their parents. The
contradiction between the desire to behave as an individual capable of standing alone
with a desire to remain dependent and protected, will cause a conflict on adolescent
self. Due to this conflict, in adolescent anxiety and worries arise that will color the
attitudes and behavior. He became easily offended, angry, disappointed and desperate.
b. Excessive power of fantasy
Limited capacity that is in adolescents cause he was not always able to meet the
various needs of her encouragement.
c. Institute of powerful groups
The inability of adolescents in channeling all his desires causes a strong impetus for
the group. In groups, all the strength he seemed so collected into something powerful.
Teenagers will feel safer and more secure when he was in the middle of the group.
Therefore he tries hard to be recognized by the group in a way to equate himself with
everything that exists in the group. A sense of esprit de corps is closely interwoven
with and sometimes leads to the action that blindly.
d. Identity crisis
The ultimate goal of youth development is the formation of a self-identity. With the
formation of self-identity, an individual has to give answers to the questions: who,
what and where I was able to place my role.
He has to understand himself, his abilities and weaknesses and the role of himself in
his environment. Before the self-identity is formed, in general there will be a crisis of
identity. Every teenager should be able to get through the crisis and to find his
4. Various Motivation In Drug Abuse
Motivation in substance abuse and narcotics-related motivation was concerned with
individual circumstances (individual motivation) is about the physical aspects,
emotional, mental, intellectual and interpersonal.
Besides the motivation of individuals who generate an action of substance abuse,
there are other factors that have a close relationship with substance abuse condition
that sociocultural factors such as below; and this is a mood of deep pressure in
adolescents; among others:
a. The split family units such as divorce, family moves, parents who do not exist / is
rarely at home and so forth.
b. The influence of mass media such as advertisements about drugs and substances.
c. Rapid technological change. Blurring of values and religious systems as well as the
melting of moral standards; (this means they need coaching Budi Character - Akhlaq)
d. The increase in idle time. The imbalance of economic circumstances such as
poverty, ethno-racial economic differences, luxury and so boring.
e. Being a man for others.
Psikogis characteristics typical of adolescents is a factor that facilitates the occurrence
of substance abuse. However, for that to happen there is still another factor that plays

an important role of environmental factors of the user agent. Environmental factors

provide influence on teenagers and sparked the emergence of motivation for substance
abuse. In other words, the emergence of substance abuse problems triggered by the
interaction between environmental influences and adolescent psychological condition.
In order to guide and direct the development of adolescents, fields of interest are:
1. Attitudes and behavior.
2. Emotional
3. Mental - intellectual
4. Social
5. Formation of self-identity.
What actions should and can be done, the outline will be described below:
6. Attitudes and behavior
The purpose of a youth development in general is to change attitudes and behavior,
from a childish way into a more mature manner. Childish attitude as selfish
(egocentric), always rely on other people, want immediate gratification, and are
unable to control his actions, should be changed to be able to pay attention to
someone else, standing alone, adjusting to the fact that there is a desire to control his
actions and thus do not harm themselves and others.
For that needed attention and guidance from the parents. Parents should be able to
give attention, give a chance for teens to try his abilities. Give rewards and avoid
criticism and censure.
7. Emotional
To gain emotional freedom, the teenager tried to sever emotional ties with parents, he
must be trained and learn to choose and determine his own decision. This effort is
usually accompanied by rebellious or defiant behavior. In this sense the parents are
expected to take no action that is oppressive, but try to guide him gradually. Udahakan
do not create other environmental atmosphere, which is sometimes
menjerumuskannya. Children to be naughty, defiant and even use of narcotics (drug
8. Mental - intellectual
In a mental development - intellectual expected to receive emotional teenager by
understanding the advantages and disadvantages him. That way he can distinguish
between the ideals and dreams with actual reality.
At first thought the teens are influenced by fantasy, in line with the increasing ability
to think abstractly. Abstract thoughts that are often not in accordance with the reality
that exists and can lead to disappointment and despair. To address this need parental
assistance in growing the understanding of the abilities of self based on the abilities of
these. Do not burden the youth with various kinds of hopes and dreams that may be
difficult to achieve.
9. Social
To achieve the goals of development, adolescents must learn to get along with
everyone, whether or not same age peers, or the same type or different types. The
existence of obstacles in this regard can cause him to choose just one social
environment such as a particular group and this can lead to substance abuse. As we all
know that the typical adolescent is the presence of close ties with the group.
This raises the idea, how to keep teens have character and attitude and sense (Image:
discipline and loyalty to friends, parents and ideals. In addition, we as parents and
teachers, should be able to foster an Budi Pekerti / Akhlaq which lofty and noble, a
noble courage to do that and help others and be a good example.