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EYXSlpiBID anAB_nplaaslalv

nauilo .. H. DilaKO"

AjJlo8os; Enrl(oupos; Ka8nymnS; nOl5lorpll(nS; ll.1~u8uvrns; Ktvrpou AnAnTnpl6a~oov Noooxouclo nai500v "n. & A. Kupicxou"

SCopyright 1996, EKOOOZlt; «Zrit u»

Aqnepcaverai c rouc avvaoiA,<pove;, low{rE:pa rove; viove;, ue r1Jv cAn{oa va ro Bpouv Kanorc xpr,alpo.

Tunc08llKZ OTllV A8Tjvu uno nt; IUTPlKEt; EK86ow; «ZnTU» Ay. Aucursptvnc; 17 Kat At8COP1Kiou, Ay. Doll""TjTP10t;

TTjA..: 9942 382, Fax: 9940 317

ISBN: 960 -7144 - 32 - 5

IIpoAoyos

H SKc50cm rou {3!/3Mov tuu; «,1HAHTHPIAlEII, IYMllTQMATA-EJEPAllEIA» 1'0 1983 eyzvs tu: axone va KaAVlJIs1 ro KSVO ana r17v tAASllJl17 naoououov {3017e17parwv ar17v EAA17- VIKr1 {31{3AlOypaq>ia. Ana nc; vvtbuec; Tlavemairuuaxcav o:1aaKaAwv Kal nOAAwv aVvac5SAipwv ipaivetca on 17 npoanaesza eswPr1e17KS smrvXr1C;. Met a r17v s~avrA17a17 KW r17C; c5svrsP17C; eKc5oa17C; anotpaoiaaue via, aAAa ue onuav iucec aAAayec;, eraz wars va vivei 1'0 {3z{3Mo neoiaooteoo sVXP17aro KW XPr1- ouio. To napov {31{3Mo eXsl aXr1j1a uucootepo «ca Azyorepsc; asMc5sc; Kal nspzAap{3avsI j10VO attaoaitrnet; yvwaszc;. 'AAAwars yza ASnrOj1SpszsC; yw onozac5r/nors c51JA1Jr1Jpiaa1J r/ yza anavzsc; nspl1Lrwaszc; eivai c5vvarr/ atiuepc: 1J aVrA1Ja1J nA1JPOipOPZWV ana 1'0 Kevtpo ,117A1Jr1JplaaSWv uetti r1J p1Jxavopyavwarl rov Ka! r1Jv anOKr1Ja1J nA1JPOq>OpzaKWV npoypapparcov Kal {3aaswv c5sc5opevwv. Ot naoaxavco aAAayec; aroxsvouv crto va c5waovv arovc; urtpoix; iva syxslpic5w c51JA1Jr1Jplaaswv aueonc sV1Jj1spwa1JC;. Ti' avro Sivet at ipipaa1J ar1Jv nepzypaipr/ rwv aourcionuitcav «ca r1JC; Oeoaneiac, Eivat yvwaro on yza nOAAec; c51JA1Jr1JpHiaC:IC; c5c:v vnapxovv avric50ra r/ zc5w{rspa ()spanwnKa ueaa. Tux OASC; avrec; avvzararal 1J yc:VIK1} xai avpnrWpanK1} aywyr/. Iro nocato Ksq>aAazo nepiv oaipetcu etctevd»; 1J YSVZKr/ aywYr/ rcov c517A1Jr1JPZaac:wv, nov Kara r1J YVWj11J iuu; anotei.et a1JpaVrlKO a tovreio r1JC; eeoaneiat; roue, Avneerwc;, yw ooiouevei; oooiei; nov npoKaAovv avXveC; 1} {3aprsc; c517A1Jr1JPzaaslC;, vnapXC:I sKrsvr]C; nspzypaiprl, zc5zairc:pa yza ra ouurcubuo-ta «at r1J ec:pansia.

'Ap()pa Kal pSAersc; r1JC; c5zc:()vovC; {31{3AlOypaq>iac; vnr/p~av atuiavtuea {301J()r/para ar17 avyypaiprl rou napovxoc ae

I1p6AOYO~ • viii

avv8vaaJ..L6 J..LS TT/V nooocanucti euneioia ana TT/V uneoeixoaasTrj 8zsv8vvaT/ TOV KSVTPOV L1T/A-T/TT/puiaswv.

EvxapzaTisr:; ansv8vvcoa' OA-ovr:; TOV~ avvspyaTs~ J..LOv aTO KSVTPO L1T/A-T/TT/pzaaSwv yw TT/ /3orj8sla TOVr:; anr:; 8wp8dJaszr:;. Bnioru; eoxaoiou» TO n pocomua» TWV IaTpIKdJv EK86aswv «Znrtz» Kat z8wlTspa TOVr:; 18wKTrjTS~ a&A-QJovr:; Tubovo Kat Kcao t a ZSPJ..LnivT/ yw nr:; J..LsyaA-sr:; npO(ma8SIS~ TOVr:; aTT/V tt acocoa sK8oaT/.

Tesoc, 0 avyypaQJia~ SlnKaA-slTat TT/V SlnelKSW TWV cruva8sA-QJwv yta napaAsilflsL~, aTeA-SISr:; Kat A-a8T/.

EUJ'ayroYl1

To npol3A1H!a rcov 81lA11.11P1UcrEcov 1

A8ijva, A1tpiAlOC; 1996

IIauAo,;; K. BAaxo,;;

KtquIA«lO 1

A vnuerrcrnon reov 811 ATFll ptrioecov , YEV1KEC; apxtc; 5

Anoudxpuvcn rou 81lA11.11Piou urro t ov opvcviouo 6

Av-ci8o.a . 13

Em.6.xuvcrll anol3ot..1'lc; 26

Lu~n.co~anK" aycoy1'l 31

Ktq)(lAalO 2

8.HAHTHPIALEII: ME <I>APMAKA 35

<I>6.p~aKa ayXoAunK6.-11pE~lO'nK<i 35

NEupoA11n.1Ka 37

AvnKa.a8Al1t.tKa 40

A V'ttE7ttAlln'tlK6. 45

Nnpxcrtucri 49

Fluuotnovn 53

Kap8wyyswK6. <p6.p~aKa 64

<I>ap~aKa ourovouou VEUptKOU cuo-rriuuro«; 77

Avtuo'ruu.tvucn 84

Avnfnornc« - AVn~UK11'tlaalK6. ,. 86

Avcicenrucc 99

Avnl311X1K6. 102

A vriorprrncd 104

Ka8ap'tlK6. 108

Op~OVEC; 110

MUtKOu crucr't"~a.oC;....................................................................................... 114

Kor rupoo rn-nxu 116

8.t6.<popa <p6.p~aKa 116

x • llepu::Xoj..tevu

Etcra')'U)')'T]

Keq>cl},.alO 3

LlTlATl'tTlPtacrw; uno ~cOu 131

Keq>aAalO 4

LlTlATl'tTlPtacrev; j..te qlu'tu 142

Keq>alalO 5

LlTlAll'tllPt6:.crev:; ue yeCOpytKa <papj..tctKa 153

Keq>alaw 6

LlTJ All 'tT] ptc.osu; j..te XTlj..tlKE<; Kat 13to j..t 11 xa VlKe<; ouofs ; ..

AA.KOOAe<; Kat YAUKOAee; .

Kcuo rt KS<; ouots«; .

Aspic ; .

Yopoyovav8paKSe; ..

<J>alvoAe<; .

MS'taA.Act , .

175 175 182 188 193 197 199 208

Ot OllA.ll'tT]puicret<; aTto'teA.ODV 1taYKocrj..ttO 1tpo(}A.T]j..ta, 10tui'tEpa 'tCOV avct1t'tuYj..tevrov xropcOv. Bucucot AOYot 'tou IlEyaA.OU apt8j..t015 'tCOV OT]A.T]'tllPlacrEcov o" 011.0 'tOY xocuo stvor 0 n:p6:.cr'ttOe; apt9j..to<; cxeoucudrcov xo.t ououov, 1tOA.U cruxva OllA.ll'tT]PlWOcOV, rrou KUKA.O<p0pouv KUt XPllO'lJlO1totol5v'tat uzro 'tOY uv9prono o-ro orcrn Kat o-rnv epyctcria rou Kat OEI5'tEPOV T] j..tll 'tijPllO'll rcov ue'tprov xpoo rc otcc; a1to 'tou<; av9pronou<;.

MEP1KE<; xurnvoptsc; a1to 't1<; XlllltKse; evrocret<; Kat crKEUUouo.tu stvm: To <pUpj..taKa, 'ta KaA.A.Uv'ttKU, 'ta YEropytKo. <pupuo.xu, 'ta dOll ouctuxric; XPijcrll<;, U1tOPPU1tuv'ttKo., c noourrrucc XcOpou, vUql8aA.ivll, dOT] E:nayyeAj..tU'tlKij<; U1tUO'XO"_ll crT] <; , ru ,'310.rpopn av'ttopacr'tl1ptu, at OlaqlOpE:<; J)aqle<;, rc OtaA.U't1KU Kd'l'a?"'A.a.

IIoA.A.U ano --ret napano.vw uvuqlEp9tv'tu OEV stvm 011A.11't11- Ptc6011 OU'tE EmKivouva "{la 'tOY uv9prono. L.uxvo. oucoc Kat T] unAij A.tl\jJ11 j..ttUe; oooto.c 0Tll-ltoupyc:i 1tpOJ)A.11lla uno 'to yeyovo<; Ka1 uovo O'tt oev stvm vvcoo ro OXt j..tOVO ceo KOtVO, aA.A.U cruxva Kat o ro vturpo, av urcopsi va npOKUA.ecrEt 011A.11't11piaO'll 11 0X1. H nA.11- 9ropu rrov uvuqlEp9tv'trov crKeuuO'j..tU'trov Oev Ent'tpene1 o-ro y1a'tPO va yvwpi~t 't11 crUV8EO'11, ru; opo.cret<; rtov cucrru rucrbv Kct1 sxousvcoc nOLO. ayroytl nptnEl va UKOAou9ijcrEt.

't ,-. - ~

Ke(pc1).4.i-lO 7

Tpooucst; OllAll'tT]Placret<; 216

Keq>aA.aw 8

~T]A.T]'tT]p1acrel<; j..tE KctAA.UV'tlKo. 224

Keq>aACllO 9

Ll 11AT]'tT] ptuosu; ana dOT] OlKW Kll e; XPl1 crT] <; 231

E1tel:;l1yltO' w; 240

Eup srnpto , 241

Tui 't11V aV'tq.!E'tromO'11 'tT]<; Ku'to.cr'tuO'11<; uml1<; 011j..ttOUPYl1- 911Kav etOtK€<; un11pecrie<;, t u xsvrpn uv'tlj..te'tcOmO'11<; 'tCDV 01111.11- 't11Plo.crEWV (Poison Control Center). L.KOno<; roue etvci 11 nupoxij

2 • EtoayroYll

EtoaywYll • 3

'tO~tKOAOytKcOV nATJPOcpOptcOV (OUV8EOTJ, Opao11, 8EpanEia) ana apXEio nA11pocpoptcOV (OllI.1EPU OE OtOKt'tE~ i] CD).

H OUI.1POAi] reov Ksvcpcov Ll11A11't11PtUOEroV Oscopsiern anocpamo'ttKi] 0'11 owo'tll av'ttI.1Euomo11 .rov OTJATJ'11 ptUOEWV. Ot 8uvrrrot uno 011ATJ'tTJPtaOEt~ £xouv IlEtw8ei, AOYro 'tTJ~ KaAU'tEPTJ~ Kat OWO'tO'tEPTJ~ ayroYll~, nap' OAOV rrou 0 up181l0<; 'troy 011ATJ'11ptaOEWV OEV cpaiVE'tal va IlE1WVE.at.

Ainu 0llA11t11PUlcn:oov

Ta uinu rcov 011A11'tTJptuOEWV 0' OAE~ 't1<; TJA1KiE~ cpaivov'tut crr ov napaKCt'too rnvcucu (1994).

Eioo~

070

<Dapl.1aKU

E{oTJ ouciutcnc xpi]oTJ<; KaAAuvnKa

LltacpopE<; XTJj.1.tKt~ OUOiE~ Fscopvucd cpupj.1.aKa Tpoosr;

Lli]Yl.1a'ta ~wwv

<I> ut a

Lltuqlopa

Azro 'to 1975 rrou oUYKpo'ti]8TJKE Kat AEt"'tOUPyet.o uovuoiKO O'TJV EAAaoa KEV'tpO LlTJATJ'tTJp1aOEOOV U1tapxOUV nvnrtpocco- 7tEU'ttKa O'tOlxeia an' OATJ 'tTJ XcOpa, 07tOO~ Ku'tuypacpOV'ta1 a7tO .0 Ksvrpo Ll TJA11'tTJ ptaOEWV.

42,4 26,1 6,0 5,6 4,5 4,0 2,4 0,5 8,5

EUVOAO 1tEpl1ttroaE(oV (a' 6AE~ tl~ TJAlKiE~. a' OATJ tTJ J(Wpu)
Apl9J10~ 1tEpl1ttcOaEwV
1976 4086 1992 33263
1980 15280 1993 34376
1985 23694 1994 34456
1990 30286 1995 34214 Ta TJPEl.1tO'tlKa-ayxoAu.1KU (KUptOO<; PEV~OOta~E7tivE~) Kat ru naUOt7tOva (7tapaKE.aj.1.0A11-aompivTJ) EiVUl .a qlapllaKa ztou 7tpOKaA06v .t~ 7tEP1000'tEPE~ 011ATJ't11Pl(iOEt~.

Oi 011A11'T]ptaOEt~ a7tO YEWpytKU cpapj.1.UKa OEV stvut n:apa n:OAAE<;, aAAa stvm EmKivouVE~. 01 1tEP1000'tEPE~ OqldAOV'tat O't11V EAAWVTJ n:poo.a'tEU'tlKWV I.1E'tPWV Ka'ta 't11 xpijOTJ roue,

Tono.:; xou a\)vti311 11 011A11't11piaa11 (1994)

%

HAlKiE':; (tt11) %
<1 6,1
2-4 33,0
5-9 6,9
10-14 3,8
> 15 49,0
uyvooo'to 1,2 Ln:i'tl

EpyaotaKo~ xwpo~ Aypot

LxoAeia - lop6l.1u'tu NOOOKOI.1Eia "Avvcocro

86,0 2,8 6,6 1,8 0,4 2,4

4 • EtoayroYl1

KEep clACUO 1

Ei8o.; 81')A.ll'tllPlQ.O'trov (1994)

Axo '.0 OUVOAO 1'UlV OllAll1'l1Puim::rov €VU 011~aV1'tKo rroooo-ro KUAUnTE1'at urro anOnEtpEe; nuroxrovtnc.

E(8o.;

TuxuiEe;

Arroxetpec; nuroxrovtco; EnaYYEA,"W'tlK€e; Nupxouovetc 0EpanEvn Ka AuEill "AyVUlO'tO

81,5 13,7 3,4 0,2 0,2 1,0

H o~Eia 011A.ll'tllpiaoll ano'tEAEi nuv't01'E EnEiyouoa Ka'tao rc cn Kat ETOlnpEnEt va aVTtI-tETron{~eTat. H anWAeta Xpovou, axoun Kat I-ttKPOU, I-tnopEi va EXet OUOl-teVeie; ent1t'tWOEte;.

TIPWTO Kat KUPto ~EAlll-ta zou yta'tpou anoTEAEi 11 Ait\jlll TOU tCTOptKOU 1111 e~ETaoll rtov «vsxunotcov» rtou 13pioKOVTat o-rn otuflc:ol1 TOU. Oi napanavro EVEpYEI£e; Ela np€nc:t va yivouv I-tE 'taXUTll'ta, aAAa cuYXpovroe; I-tE \jIuxpall-tia. ~EV Ela np€net 0 ytaTpOe; va napaoupElEt ano TOV EUAOYO ouxvu rrnvuco , rtou unupXEt o ro nEptj3uAAOV TOU acflEVOUe;. Oi nAllPo<popiEe; rtou xcpsXOVTUl ano TO neptj3UAAOV (tOtaiTepa ano YOVE{e; 13pE<pcDV Kat natOtcDV) OEV stvm aKpt13Eie;, OlOn EiTE Unep'tlI-tWVTat (OUVl1Elcoe;) ei'tE UnO'tll-tcDVTat (onuvw). TIapanAaVllTlKEe; uxopet vn stvm at nAllpo<popiEe; one; nEpl1t'tcDOEte; llE1EAllI-tEVlle; Ait\jllle; (nrtortetpu auroxrovtcc) oruv napEXOVTat ano TOUe; iOtoue; 1'OUe; OpUOTEe;. ToVi~eTat lOtaiTEpa 61'111 Unap~l1l1 ~11 KAtV1KroV EKOllAcDOeWV OEV Em13E13atcDVEt, OUTe anoKAEiEt 'tll OtUyvwoll OllAllTllpiaolle;. 1:E xuI-tia nEpinTwoll OEV a<Pl1VE'tat vc napEAElEt xpovoe; (EOTUl Kat EAaXt01'Oe;) Y1a va ocvoov EVOEx,oI-tEVWe; OTJI-tEia OllATJTTJpiaoTJe;.

1:E KaElE ava<pEpo~EVTJ OTJATJTTJpiaoll, EiTE EXEt KAtvlKU OUI-tnTcD~uTu 11 OXt, AUI-tPUVOvTal us \jIuxpat!lla UAAU Kat I-tE 'taxu'tll'Ta OAee; 01 unupaiTTJ1'Ee; nAllPO<popiEe;, onroe; 'to Eiooe; TTJe; Allq>ElEioae; oucto.c, n nooornrc , 0 xp6voe; rrou nEpaoE uzro 'Tll Al1- \jill, EUV EY1VE €I-tETOe;, eUV umipxouv ouurrrcoun-rn. Euv 11 Allq>ElEiou ouctn 11 TO CKEUaO!-lU OEV stvm YVWOTO yivETOl npoonuEleta yta rnv avuyvropwl1 'TTJe;, uno TTJ XP110TJ it TOV xpooptcuo TTJe;.

01 OTOXat rrou 'TiElEV'ta1 OE KUElE nepin'Trooll OTJATJTTJpiacTJe; aivm ot ei;r)e;, rcou ouYXPOVW<; Eivat KU1 O'Taow eVtpYElU<;:

To 1994 011l-tetroElllKav 36 ElaVU'TOl uno 0l1All'TllptUcEte; xopto»; ano YeCOpytKa q>up!laKa (at rtepicoorepot l1'tav nuroxrovtsc).

H npoAll\j111 Kat llnpo<pGAa~l1 anoTEAEi O'l1!-lUV'ttKO OTOlXe{O 01'0 npo13All~u TWV 011AllTllP1UOEWV. 0 KUTaKAUO!lOe; TOU 011!-lEP1VOU uvElpwnou 0' OAOUe; 'toue; xcDpOUe; 1'11 e; 0 pc.ornpiorrrru«; roo uno nAtlEloe; OUotcDV Kat O'KeuUC!-lUTWV TOV sKEle1'E! O'E KlVOUVOUe;, aAAa ouYXpovwe; 'tOU empUl..l..Et Kat 'tll I..tl\jlll I-t€TProv rrpoo'ru'tEUTtKcDV Kat npO<pUI..UKTtKroV" EtOtKU OTOUe; EYlll..iKOUe;, npopul..I..Et eVTOVO 'to npOpl..ll!-lU '!TIe; npo<puAU~l1e; KUTa T11V EnUYYEAI-WTtKr) TOUe; anuoxol..11011, 't000 ano O~Ea enetOOOtU, 600 (xupteoc) ano XPOVtU EnlOpaoll KUt 13Ao.1311.

H npo<puAu1;l1 uno ne; 0111..11T11pto.Oele; Kat llnpol..ll\j1l1 TOUe; EtVUl OUVUP'Tll0ll yvroolle; KUl evnusocoonc. Arturrertm evnusproor; tOtai'tEpa 'TCOV wnuElcDv ouo.Srov Kat etOtKWV Ol-taOCOV eiCaYYEI..!-lUnKtl<; unuO'xOI..TJO'l1e;. Tt« TU nU101U npOpUl..l..El a!lEO'l1 Kat Ent'TUK1'1Kl111 aVUYKTJ yta 1'11 Al1\jlTJ npoC'tU'tW't1KcDV uerpcov, Tin KUEle 011ATJTTJpiucTJ iCatOtOU KUnt) ttov 4 c:'tCOV unuPxe1 wEl6VTJ KUrroiou EV11A1KOU (OUVrlElro<; vovsn).

A. Arrorpomi (X1tOPpoq:nlO11C; 'rOO 011A11'r11Pioo (ouoto.c) a1tO 'tOY opynvto I-Lo.

B. Ec,oooE'rEPW011 'rTlC; ,oooiac; o rov opvnvtcuo.

r. E1tHuXOV011 'rTlC; a1toj3oA:rlC; rru; ouotur; ana 'rOY opvcviouo.

d. LOI-L1t'tWl-La'rtKit ayroyit.

Ot napamivro o'rOXOt 8a uzropst va sivm Kat o't6.Ota svspYEtac;, ECPOOOV OEV a1tEtAOUV'rUl 6.I-LEOa ot ~ro'ttKeo:; AEt'tOOpyiEo:; 'rOU opvnvicuou. L'r11V nepin'rroo11 uurri roo:; KUptO KUl npro'rapXtKO ).1S}"Tlllanpbret va stvui 11 ota'ritPTl011 rrov ~ronKcOv AEHOUPYlcOV Kat xuptcor; 'rTlO:; nvo.rrvoru; Kat 'r11C; KOKAocpopiac;.

Kat ota K01t'rE'rat, sdv yiVE'rUl, 11 1tapoxit 'roo csptou (o'rpoCPl'Yya 'rOU YKa~lOU, a1tOIl6.Kpov011 couxcc).

oped

A. An:OI.14iKPUVO'TJ TTJC; ouO'iac; ano TOV opyavlO'Jl6

Env Tl oucfn exet etoax8Ei orov opvcviouo us 01t08E'rO it 01t0- KAUOI-LO, 'to're vtvovrui E1taVEtATlI-L).1EVOt U1tOKAOOl-Loi yta va urroj3A118ei 11 IlTl a1toppoCP118eioa nooorrrru. ea 1tpEnet va onusuo- 8ei o n vsvucd Tl nrcoppoqmon OU01cOV a1to ro op80 Ka8uo'rEpEi va OAOKATlPw8ei Kat E'r01 umipxet 0 xpovoe; va nrroun Kpov80uv. LUXV6. Tl oooe; amit xP11011l01totei'rat yta 'rTl xoPitYTl011 'r11<; 8£0- CPOAAtV11C; xrn nOAAsc; CPOPEO:; yivE'rat A6.80e; xnt nvrt 1tatOtKOU, Ecpapllo~E'r(lt 01t08E'r0 EYllAiKroV oe natot6., oxo»; Kat u1t08e'tanoo 1teptSXoov avaA YTl'tt K6., o nuo 1l0AU'rtKa Kat Krooetv11.

H npoona8Eta nurri Ec,ap'ra'rat ana 'rTjv 000 Ait\jJTje; 't110:; 00- o inc. Oi oova'ree; oool etOOOoo I-Ltao:; ouotuc stvm Ka'ta rcpcor o AOYO Tj ne1tnKl't oooe;, rrou KaAun'rEl 'to ).1EyaAu'rEpo rrocoo-co, 11 ava1tVwo'tlKl't oooe; (uspiu, OKOVEO:;, o-ruot), ro oepl-La, oYleo:; it aAAolrollEvo, 'to op80 (un08e'ra, onoKAuoIlOi), zmpsvtepucri 000C; (01tOOOpta, EvoollulKit, EvoocpMj3ta) Kat on6.vtee; 6.AAeo:;, 01troo:; 11 svooxspvrovuucf it evooap8plK1l KA1t.

A vanvsva'tlKij ood~

. Me 't11v uvnrtvsucrucn 000 o ouputvoov 011ATl'tTjplaoEte; a1to EW1tVOit OU01cOV os o.spio ).10PCPTt it 1-L0PQ?1l a't I-LcOV , o-ruvoviotcov it OKOVTje;, I-Le KAaOOtKO 1tapaoE1Ylla 'rTj OTlA11'rTlPiaoTj IlE I-L0voC,EiOlO 'rOU av8paKa xnt ne; OTlATl'rTjplaOEtC; us uAAa aEpta OE XcOpoix; E1taYYEAl-La'rlKito:; opaO'rTlP10'rTl'rae; (00p08ElO, n'tTl'rlKEe; 00- OiEO:;). L't11V nepirnrooTj aO'rit npenet aI-LEOWe; ro 8UIla va usrncpep8ei ec,ro nxo 'to 1tEptj3uAAov, oxou U1tapXEl ro csrno, coo-rs acp' EVOC; usv va OtaKonei Tl 1tapanEpa elonV0Tt 'rTle; I3Aa1t'ttKl'te; ouotnc, acp' E'tEPOU va etorrvsuost Ka8apo nspu. L'rTj OuvEXEta yivov'ral EVEPYE1EO:; av6.Aoya us rnv 1tepin'rwaTj (XOPTtY110Tl O2, 'tEXV11'rTt cvnrrvon K.A1t.). Av ro 6.'rOIlO oev urropsi va usrmctvn- 8ei a).1eoroo:; eK'rOe; 'too XcOpoo, cvorrovrur ncpo.Oupu Kat nop'ree;

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eu npEnE1 va 0T]IlEtco8Ei on T] x,opTJYT]OT] Ka8apTtKOU OE resptOOOTEpEe; OOOEte; 8u npEnEt va ytVEt IlE npOOOXTJ ytU TT]V unoqJuYTt oofiuprov UOU'"COT]AEKTpoAunKwv OtaTupax,wv TJ onEpjJ.UYYT\ounutur; (EUV x,OpT])'T]8Et 8E1tKO jJ.ayvTJmo).

ITpEnEt vo, 0T]IlEtw8Ei o n 8EV xopT]YEi1'at avGpaKa<; rrptv rtpoKAT]8d E.IlE'"COe; uno 1'T] xoPit'YT]oT] mEKuKouavUe;, 8tOTt 0 av8puKUe; xpoopood '"CT]V ixexuxoonvo Kat 1'TlV KaVEt aVEVEPYO.

Xop7'rYTlO7J «oeaotuco» ME'"Ca '"Cov av8paKu aKoAou8d T]

x,oPitYT]OT] Ka8up1'lKoU. KU1'OAATlAa 8ecopouv'"Cat 1'U aAu'"Couxa KU- 8apnKa 0nWe; 1'0 8EtiKO uuvvrioto , 1'0 8£t'1KO vo.rpio, 1'U 1'poytKa aAa.a (KuGupnKTt AEllov08u) Kat oax,KUpu onoo<; TI oopJ3nOATI.

AV1'ev8Ei~et<; ytu 1'T] X,OpTJYT]OT] '"Cou Ku8upnKOU stvm:

- H X,OPTt'YT]OT] aAa1'COV unvvnotou OE a08EVEi<; jJ.E rrpouzmpX,OUOU VEqJptKTJ UVEnapKE1a Tt os a08evd<; rrou aVUIlEVE1'at VU avar(1'U~OUV 8tU1'upuxl) '"CT]e; vsrppucnr; AEl1'OuPyiae;.

- H XOPTtYT]OT] aAa1'COV vurptou OE uo8sv£ie; us J3apta unEp- 1"aoTl, vsopucn aVEnapKE1a TJ Kap8tUKTt UVEnapK£la.

- H ATJ\.IfTl xuoo rucou 8T]AT]1'T]piou, T] 810PPOta, 0 nupaAu- 1'1KOe; etAEOe;, T]AEK1'pOAUnKEe; 8ta'"Cupux,£<;.

- ATt\lfT] OUOtWV rrou npOKUAOUV 810rJPCOOTl '"CCOV rJAEVVO)'OVOOV rou nEnnKOU ouo rriuu-coc,

OAl/Oj JrAVa1J evveooo: H nAUOT] avrspoo OtEVEPYEi1'at jJ.E xoPTJ),T] Cl'T] 1KUVl) e; nOCl'01'T]1"Ue; OtuAUJ,La.o<; nOAoat80AEVOYAllKOAT]e; jJ.E T]AeK'"CpOAU1'Ee; IlE o xoxo 1'T] 1lT]x,aV1KTJ Ku8upOT] ron EV.EpOU.

Aurri svostxvurm OE nEpt1t1"cOOE1<;:

- ATt \.1fT] <; IlEyaAlle; nOOO1'Tl1"ae; OT]ATl1'TlPiOll

- Ku8001"EPT]IlEVTI<; npOOSAEllOT]<; roo U08EVOU<; 01"OV urrpo,

On01'E T] nAUOT] Cl''"COllax,oo OEV aVUjJ.EVE'"Cat VU J30Tl8TJOEl ouotu- 01"tKO '"COV U08EVTt.

- ATJ\lfT]e; ououov OE jJ.Op(j)TJ EAEyx,OjJ.EVlle; unoMOIlEOOT]e;. L'lEV EXEt 1"UXEl o.xoun EopEiue; E(j)UpjJ.OYTte;.

Oi nupanavco nEpl'YpucpEiOEe; EvtpYE1Ee; npEnEt va Y1VOV1'at OE K08E n£pin1"cooT] OT]AT]1"TlPiaoT]e; aVE~Up1"TJ"C'ooe; at1'1oAoyiae; (nAT]V "C'WV E~mptoECOV) E)'KatPU, On01"E Kat stvrn anO"C'EAEOjJ.U't'lKE<;.

B. A vtiOO1'U

H ano\lfTl on )'ta Ka8E 8T]AT]"C'T]piaoTl llnOPXE1 Kat '"Co nv riCl'1'OtX,O aV1'i801'0 stvm E~oonpUYllunKTJ. H E~OOOE"C'EpooOT] "C'COV OT]All"C'TlptWV jJ.£OU 01'OV opvcviouo OE E~.ox,lOn:<; jJ.OVO m:pm"C'cOCl'E1e; E1tt"C'llyxaVE'"Ca1. ITup' OAa uU"C'O yta IlEptK£C; 0T]ATI't"T]ptw8Ele;

ouotsr; unapxouv uvdocrm rtou E1'tE E!;OUOE'tEPcOVOUV 't11 opao11 rot»; tl E1tlOPOUV 0't0 IlE'tuf30A.101l6 roue, n;VlKU 'tU 01u8£0'11lu nvrtoo'tu sivo.t A.iyo. I1UPUKa'too 8u ovo<pEp80uv ru onouoat6't£po.

MTlXav~aJ.iO{ Soaonc av't~8orwv

Tc ov'tioo'tu Spouv us 01U<POPETIKOU':; IlTjXOVlOj..l.OU,:; 6nwe;: n) LX11IlU'ti~ouv IlE 'to 011A.Tj'ttlP10 EVO OOpOVEe; (uxivouvo) oUj..l.nA.£Yllo zroo 0't11 OUVEX£1U onof3<iA.A.E'tat u1t6 TOV 0PYUVIOIlO. ME 'to IlTjXOV101l0 UUTO opOUV 01 XTjA.tKE,:; EVcOO£I':;, orron; Otj..l.£pKOnpOA.Tj, EDT A, 1t£VIKIA.A.Oj..l.{V11, O£o<p£plO!;oj..l.ivTj.

f3) E1tl'tuxuvouv TTjV uopuvonoi11oTj (Detoxification) rou OTjA.TjTTjpfou, onw.:; Tj Il£'to'tpontl roo xucvioo O£ 8ElOKUUVlK6 us 't11 XOP"Y11oTj 8E108E11KOU vnrptou.

1') EA.unwvouv TO pu81l0 TTj':; j..l.E'tU'tP01t,,'::; roo OTjA.11't11P{OU O£ 1tEP1006'tEPO 't0C,1Ka npo16v'tu, orcox; 11 Xp"oTj 't11':; at8UA.1K",:; UA.KOOA.Tj':; O£ 011A.11't11P1ao£I':; us j..l.£80VOA.Tj £1tlf3PUMv£1 rnv nupuywY1l <P0PIl0A.OEU011':; Kat <pOpj..l.1KOU OC,EO'::;, rtou stvm 'toc,tKa 1tPOi:6VTU.

0) AVTUywvi~ov'tot 'to OTjA.TjTTJptO OT11V KO'taA.11\j111 unOOOXEWV, onw.:; 11 XP"011 'tOU oc,uyovou o rn OTjA.Tj'tTjP10011 us uovocst- 010 TOU aV8pUKU.

s) ~pOUV us j..l.TjXOV10j..l.6 OV"t'tyovou-UV'tloWIlU'tO':;.

To 01tOUOatO't£pO OV'tiOOTO tl (j)<iPj..l.UKU rcou XP11011l01t0l0UVrut o ru; 011A.11't11PuiOE1':; £iVOI 'to 1tOPUK(i"t'W:

EVOO(j)Jl.Ef310 XOP"YTjo11: 15-25 mg/kg OE 250-500 ml OtOA.Uuu roc; yA.UKO~11e; 50/0 XOP11YOUIlEVO o£ 01uo'tTjIlU 1-2 copmv ouo qiopsr; 11IlEPTjoiw.:; 1'10 5 nuspsc; H j..l.E"{lo't11 11IlEP"01O oooTj Ssv npE1t£1 v« U1t£pf3UiVSl 'to 50 mg/kg. To 0X"j..l.U auto EnOVOA.Oj..l.f3<iVE'tOIOV XPEloo8Ei IlE £VOlaj..l.£OO OUlA.£tIlIlU 2 11IlEPWV. H £voo<pA.El3m XOP''Y11011 uvrevceucvutrn on.:; 1tEPl1tTcOo£t.:; 1tOU 11niEOTj TOU EYKE<pUA.Ovwnoiou uvpou sivm OUC,TjIlEVTj.

Ev8oJ.iVi"Kr7 XOPr7YT1aT/: 75 mg/kg uno j..l.0p<PTJ OtoJl.Uj..l.o'to.:; 20% 11 IlEP11oiw.:; OE 3 OOOEt':;.

Tlpoooxtt:

KOTa T11 XOP"Y'1O'11 rou OV'tlOO'tOU npE1t£1 vn XOpTjyouv'tat uypa os EnupKEi.:; noooT11TE':;.

Av'tlaJ..J"aV'tlK6c; op6C; (serum antibotulique)

A1f1U)..,Ev&la,"llvo'tE'tpao~lK6 acrl3tcrno-&lva'tplO (Calciumdisodium edetate)-EDT A

LvvflsaT/ - Mop(IJr7: 1 ml nEpuhtt:

Av'tt A 500 V.I. Avrt B 500 V.I. Avri E 50 V.I.

<l>taJl.iotO 20 mI, Ivo rrrooro Fluo-rep

TO~lK6rT/ra:

Etvnt Vt<PPO't0!;1KO (OWA.TjVUptuKtll3A.aI3Tj), 1tPOKOA.El 1tOpOOIKtl1t'two11 'tTj':; 1tlEoTj':;, U1toof3£O"t'tOlllio. Lt IlUKPOXPOV10 xoP"Y110Tj npoKuJl.Ehm 01l:0130A." aA.A.wv IltTaA.A.WV 01too,:; j..l.ovvnotou,

Tot; lKOrT/Ta:

AA.A.EpytK" uv'tiopuo11 OE woio8TFO o.rouo ,

Ev8si~£l<;:

~TjA.11T11PiuoTj us 1l0A.uI300, \jIwoapyupo, XOA.KO

LioaT/:

0,5-1 mllkg os I3pootiu EYXUOTj O£ c pmcoon 1: 10 at <pUO'lOA.0Y1KO opo cOonou 'to OUIl1t'tWIlO'tO v« f3EA.nw80uv. I1Plv on6 T11 XOPTJY11oTj EA.EYXETat UV TUXOV sivnt tuoi0811't0 'to urouo OTOV opo, Yto'ti 0 op6e; sivut t'ttp6J1.oyo.:; (i1l:1tElO':;).

Avnoq)lKO~ op6~ 1to).,uOiivallo~ (Serum antivenimeux purifie)

o rpomviouo. 'Exouv XPTjOlI-1011OlnElEi n:puou£e; OOOEle; rrt portfVTj e; (I-lEXpt 2 vpou. rnv nuspn).

IIpoooxf!: Edv !-l£ -rTjv 1tpann ooon aVU7nuxElouv OU!-l1t1:Wuo.ro a-rpomvtol-lou (-raxuKapoia, uuoptno n, ~Tjpo1:Tj-ra o rounroc) ntElavwe; o£v 1tpOKEnat yta oopaPit OnATj-rnpiaon Kat n OUVEXtOTj -rnt; xopitYTjOTjt; o.rpontvnc; I-lnopEi va stvm pAa1tnKit.

Ev&i~8l(;:

LUI-l1t-rWl-la1:a ana oitYl-la-ra EXtOVOE10WV q:n01WV roo YEVOUe; Vipera (Aspis, Berus Kat Ammodytes). KUKAO<P0PEi OE <pU<J1YYEe; rrov 5 ml.

o opoc XOPTjYEl'fat o1:av E!-l<paVtoElouv YEVtKO: OUI-l1t-rwl-la-ra (uno1:aon, E!-lE-rOt, avnouxia) it svrovo romxd (oloTj!-la 1:UXECOt; E~U1tAOUI-lEVO, EV-rOVO UAYOt;). H ooon stvm 10-30 ml EVOO<pAE~tco<; OE -rpmAO:Olo OYKO XACOPlOUXOU vc rpiou, o-roYOTjV OE I-llU wpa. H OOOTj au-rT'\ XopTjy£hat yta OAEt; nt; TjAtKiEe;. Tlpo rn«; E<pUPI-l0Yitt; 1tpoTjy£hat EAEYX0<; 1:UXOV EUat08Tjoia<; 01:0V opo Kat UV U1tOpX£t Euat08noia E<PUPI-lO~E-rat Tj I-lE8000<; -rnt; KAaOI-lU1:tKT'\t; xopT'\ynOTjt;. Env OEV U1tOpc,£t ~EA-ricoon xopnYEhUt Kat OAATj OOon.

TO~IK6TTrra:

Ta OUI.!;11'{Wl-la.a o rpomviouoo uzrops] va aV.l!-lE.C01tl080uv I-lE oocoo rwuwn.

Bsvrovtcrp; (Bentonite)

Eivnt CPUOlKO EVUOPO KOAAOE10E<; 1tUplnKO uPyiAto, xcopie; yatWOEle; 1t pOO l-liC,Et<;. XPTj<J1I-l011OlEi.at coc; 11POO poerrn KO OE OTjAn'{TjptaoTj I-lE .0 ~l~aVtoK.ovO ITUPUKOUO. (Paraquat).

Xopnvercm U110 .0 o rouu O£ UOU'flKO svcuopnun 70/0, 250-500 ml «v« 2-4 Wp£t; Yta 48 wpet;. LUYXPovco<; aAu'{ouxO xuOup-cuco.

AAAEPY1KO: cmvousvc O£ EUui08n.u c rou«, ytu1:i 0 opoc etvat srspoxovo«; (i1t1t£tot;).

AtportlVll

Ev&i~8l.r;:

Ec,umUpa!-lt01KO OUVOP0!-lO uno <P0P!-lUKU.

EVOei~8l(;; ;

~ nATj1:TjpiaoTj IlE opvcvoqxootpopt KOUe; Kat KU P ~Ulll01KOUe; £O.tPEt; Ku8Wt; Kat O:AAOU<; uvaCHOAEi<; .Tjt; XOAtV£O'{£pOOnt;. ~nAn.Tjptuon us 1tapaOUI-l1tU801-l1I-lnnKO <pOPI-lUKU (ouo oo-nvutvn, 1tlAOKUP111VTj K.A1t.).

L\ouoAoyia;

5 mg 1.M. it 1. V. ~puou1:a.a. H OOOTj £1tUVUAUIlPov£'{at usxpt 20 mgl24wpo.

ITatOto: 0,04 mg/kg I.M. it ~puou,{U1:U £VOOcpAE~iwt;. H 00- OTj £nUVaAal-l~O:vE.Ut uv XPE:tUCY'f£i.

L\6u7] ;

APX1KO: 1-2 mg LM. T'\ LV. <J!:: 1-3 A£111:0. ITatOto: 0,02 mg/kg (l-l£yiu1:n 0,4 mg) LM. it LV. uPYu. H ooon E1tUVUAUI-l~UVE,{Ut 600 stvrn u11upai.n.o yta va ota1:np£i.at .0 6.°110 OE £AU<pPO

TO~IK6T'rrra;

3Tjpo'{Tj'{u o-roucrroc, ElOACOOTj opuo nc, ~6ATj, ouooupia, unoTUOn, OUYXUTtKit xuruo ruon.

''CO 600/0 rcov U09EVcOV eXEt Eni nA,EOV uno 'tu nupun6.vco nupsro, 'tUXllKUpoiu Kat alJSll0ll UP'tllPtUKTl~ nlEOll~. LE 00011 mivco uno 5 mg/kg OA,at ot U09EVEi~ EXOllV sueroec, o nuouooc. Ot rmpnn6.vro UV'tlOp6.0Et~ llnoxropouv Kat OEV EXOllV uvucpEp9El 96.vU't0l.

H Otl-lEpKUnpOA,l1 uzropst vc npOKUA,EOEl cuioxoon OE 6.'t0- I-lU I-lE EA,A,El\lfll rou EV~UI-lOll G6PD.

Avrtoo ro OE OnA,l1'tnpi_uon I-lE oiOllPO. Xpnctuonoistrrn Kat o rn I-lEOO"{EtUKTl cvcuu« "{lU unOOtOTlPCOOll.

.1.60'11:

H L\.EO'(PEptoSUl-llVll xopn,,{Ei'tat OE OllVEXTl EVOOt.pAEl3lU E,,{XUon, OE ooon I-lEXPl 80 mg/kg 'to 24wpo (,,{lU I3PEt.pll I-lE"{tO'tO 1 vpnu.). H 9EpunEiu OllVEXi~E'tat cOonoll vn nSOEt 0 oiOllPO~ 'tOll opou Kat rrov oupcov. L'tOll~ EvnA,iKOll~ unopsi va 009El Kat OE 2 ,,{PUI-l. l.M. nvd 12ropo.

Mrtopet vu XPllO'll-lOnOln9Ei "{tU nA,UOn o'tOI-l6.xou OE Ot6.A,lluc 0,2%.

I1tEKuKouuva~ (TlP01tt

TO~(K6T11ra:

n'tcOoll niEOn~, ES6.v911I-lU, O'mivtu VE<pptKT] I3A,6.l3n.

A vr8v&i~£IC;:

Krol-lu'tcOon~ Ku't6.0'tUOll, onuol-loi, A,Tl\lfn xuuc ruccov (UA,K6.A,EU, O!;Su) Kat nE'tpEAatOEtOWV.

Al!-1EpKunpOJ...'1 (BAL)

.1.60'11:

natOt6. 6-12 I-lllVWV, 5-10 mI, natot6. 6.vco 'tOll 1 E'tOU~ 15 ml Kat EVTlAtKOl 30 ml. AKOA,ou9Ei 11 XOPTl,,{11011 60-200 ml VEpOU. Eriv I-lE't6. 20 AEn't6. OEV npoKAn9Ei EJ-lE'tOO:; 11 060n EnuVuAUI-lI36.vE'tUt. E6.v I-lE't6. 20-25 A,E1t't6. I-lE't6. 'tll OEU'tEPll 00011 OEV npoKA119Ei EI-lE'too:;, 'to'tE OllVtO'tU'tat vo. ,,{iVE'tat nA,Uoll o'tOJ-l6.xou .

Xpnotuorrotatrrn o»; uV'tioo'to OE 011A,l1'tll piuon I-lE llOp6.pvupo, UPOEVtKO, XPllOO, J-lOA,ul3oo, uvnuovio, I3toJ-lou9w.

.1.60'11:

3-4 mg/kg EVOOI-lUlKWO:; Ku9E 4 cOPEO:; no:; 2 npw'tEO:; 111-lEPEO:; 'tno:; 011All'tnpiuOllO:; KU'tomv 3 mg/kg Ko9E 6 WPEO:; Eni 2 11I-lEPE~ Kat O'tn OUVEXElU 3 mg/kg K6.9E 12 cOPE~ "{lU 1 EI300J-l6.ou.

H Oll-lEpKUnp0A,l1 XOPll,,{Et'tat miv'tu EVOOI-lUlKWO:; Kat j3u9Et6..

LE smocvstc KTl XOPTt,,{11011 npOKUA,El'tat rcovoc; Kat m9avcOO:; <pAE,,{I-lOVT] .

H 9EpunEiu rt pEnEt vti upXi~Et 'ttO:; n PcO'tEO:; 4 cOPEO:; 'tTjO:; OnA,l1- rnpiuonc; ,,{ta va EXEl KUA6. uno'tEAEOl-lu'ta.

TO~lK6T11ra:

L'tnV napan6.vw 00011 xcutc. LE I-lE,,{6.A,EO:; OOOEto:; on6.vlU npoKuAoUV'tat "{EVlKU ouurrrcouuru, "{tU'tl unol3uAAE'tat I-lE rooc El-1E'tOUO:; rtou 1tPOKUA,Ei.

L'tO aurropio KUKA,O<pOpEi OE ouo xsuuotu 'tWV 2 t.ptuA,toirov, 15 m1 EKuo'to.

KJ...uO'lla niitKOD av'tlO'wlla'tOo; "{La 't'l iit"{oC;ivTJ (Fab Antibody Fragment)

TO~lK6T7JTa:

LE ooon 3 mg/kg ot U09EVEf~ OE rtoo orrto 20% EXOUV avopEC;iu, uouvul-liu, OtEA,0PPOlU, aDSlloll niEoll~. LE ooon 3-5 mg/kg

Tn uvnowl-lu'tu ol"{osivno:; npoEPxoV'tUt uno npoj3u'tu O'tU oxotc XOPll,,{Tl9nKE ot"{osiVll oUVOEOEI-lEVll I-lE UAj30lll-livTj. Krrromv urcouovcovovrut ru uvnocouuru, u<pio'tav'tat OlUXWptOI-lO J-lE

Ev~u~anKTi ~E80oo OE Fab Kat Fe runuurc (8pauo~aTa). To T~rluu (Bpuuo uo) Fab OUA.A.EYETat Kat Ka8aipgTat. To runun aUT6· t):p U\jfTjA,Tt cvrtorouurucri .opUOTj ym TT\ olyo~iVTj Kat Tt~ UA.A.E~ ouoiec TTj<; oaKTuA.1Tloa<;. AK6~Tj sivm OpaOTlKTt Kat yw OTpOqmv8ivTj Kat oA.EavTpiv11. 'EXEl ~E E1tlTUxia XPT\(j\~Orrot118si OE rroA.M<; m:plTrTCOOEt<; OTjA.11TTjptUOEO)v ~E otyo~ivTj-otYlTO~lVTj.

EVOEl~El<; ym TTj XPrl011 TOU av'tlo6'wu stvm:

- A08EVEi~ rrou OEV av'tu1toKpivov'tal 0't11 ouvTt811 8EparrEia.

-AOElEVEi<; ~E oopupt,;; appu8~iE';; zrou UnElA.OOV TTl ~ooT).

- A08EVEl';; ~E oopapn UrrEpKaA.tat~ia.

Tlapevspvsiec: 'Exouv avacpEpElEi vnurtc , un6'taoTl, urroxnA.tal~ia, EA.acppt,;; aA.A.EpYlKE<; avnopuoEl<;.

..:16011: YrroAoyi~E'tal Tj no06'tT\'ta 'tTl<; otyo~ivTj~ rrou urtripXEl o rov opvuviouo. 0 UnOA.oYlo~O,;; yiVE'tat ~E ouo rpoxouc: 1) Arro 'tt~ nA.11PocpopiE<; yw 'tTl A.TlCPEldoa rro06'tTj'ta ~E10)~EVTj Ka'tu 20070 A.6yO) ~Tj rrA.T)pou<; anoPPoCP11oTj';;.

2) An6 'tTj oUYK€VTPoo011 'tTj<; ouotnr; crro nA.uo~a ~E 'tOY 'tt5rro:

Av'tloOTU KUUVlOUXooV

a) ~lyo~ivTj

I:UYKtVTpooOTj rrA.6.o~aTo<; (ng/ml) x 0,0056 x Bdpoc ocO~a'to<; (kg) = nooo rrrr« (mg) OlYoc,{VTj<;.

(3) ~lYlToc,ivTl

:EUYKEV'tpooOTj rrAuo~a'to<; (ng/ml) x 0,00056 x Bdpoc ocO~mo<; (kg) = nooo'tTlTa (mg) OlytTOc,ivTj<;.

TIupUOElY~a:

Tiu TT\ OlYOC,iV11 ~E Eninf:oa nA.uo~a'to<; 20 ng/rnl:

20 x 0,0056 x 70 = 7,84 rng (yta u'to~w J3upou<; 70 kg)

Tin 'tTj otynoc,ivT\ I-lE Eninf:oo nA.uo~a'to<; 250 ng/ml 250 x 0,00056 x 70 = 9,8 mg (yw aTo~o J3upou<; 70 kg).

Tin rnv aopavorroiT\oTj 1 mg olY0c,ivTj<; T) olyt'tOc,ivT\<; anatrouvrui 60 rng nvnocouc rcov. Eaouevcoc OTO rraparravoo rrapuOElY~a 80. arral'tTj80uv 480 mg Kat 580 mg av'tiC:JTOlxa cvrtorauo.rc 1't 12 Kat 14 cptaA.iota (1 cptaA.iOlO nEptEXEl 40 mg nv'norouo.roc).

1) H 'tO~tKT) OpuoTj TOU xunviou OcpEiA.gTat O'tTjV rrapE~rr6- OW11 rrpooA.Tj\jfT\<; oSuy6vou an6 'tOU<; 10'tOU<; A.6yO) E~OUOE'tEPoooTj~ cvnrrveuc-ruccov f:V~Ol-loov.

H E~ouoETepooOTj rrov Kuavwuxoov o rov opvoviouo Em'tuyxuvETal I-lE TT\ ~E'ta'tponT) roue Of: 8EwKuavlOuxa.

0EpanWTlKU 11 I-lETa'rponT) aU'tn yiVE'tUl ~E TTj XOPTtYT\Ol1 ElEWElEltKWV, EVcO napUA.A.11A.U XOP11YOOV'tat Kat Vl'tPcO011 us a KOrro r rtv np6KA.TjoTj I-lEElat~OOcpatP1Vatll ia<; xm 'tTl OEOIlW011 rcov KuavlOuxO)v an6 'tTj ~EElat~oocpatpivTj rrpoc; xouvoucactuooomptvn, APXtKU XOPTlyouv'tat 10 m1 otaA.ul-la'to<; V1'tPcOOOu~ vurptou 3 % EVOOcpA.EJ3iO)<; OE Otuo'tT\l-la 2-4 A.EnTcOV Kat 0'tT\ OUVEXf:ta 1 mllkg OtaAU~W'tO~ 250/0 0EWElEttKOO Nc rptou LV. (~EYlO'tO 50 ml) I-lE puElI-l6 2,5-5 ml/A.gn't6. TIapuA.A.TjA.a EmJ3aA.A.E'tat Tl xoPTtY110T\ oc,uyovou Yla'ti urro13oTj8El OTTjV ano'tEA.EOl-lanK6'tTj'ta rrov vrrptoocov Kat rcov ElElOElEttKcOV 0)<; avnoo'toov. Eo.v 'to. OUl-lrr'tcOurrru E1taVEAElouv ErravuAallJ3uVE'tat Tj I-l101i 00011.

TO~IK6.11'ra: TI'tcOOTj ap'tTjptaKT)<; nif:011<;, KEcpaA.aA.yia. Tlpoooxn xpEla~ETat OTTj XOPrlYT\OT\ vrrpto Soix; vurptoo o'ta nUlOIU, Yta'ti 11 I-lEEIall-l0crcpatpwatl-lia I-lrropEi vo. anol3£i f:1tlKivouvTj.

2) To EOE'tlKO OlKOJ3UA.'tlO (Dicobalt Edetate) Oscopetrrn rno ano'tEA.EO~a'tlK6 Yla'tt oXT\l-la'ti~ElI-lE 'to. KUavtouxa 0'ta8Epa OOI-lrrA.OKa ).tTj 'tOC,lKU.

Xopnvouvrrn 600 mg svroc Ev6~ A.Err'toO EVOOcpA.El3iO)<;. Av OEV EnEA.8El J3f:A.'tlooo11 OE 1 A.En'to, XOPTlyouv'tal uxouc 300 mg.

Ttn vo. ooElEi TO aV'tioo'to rrptnEl vn sivcn I3El3aia Tj A1'j\jfTj rl vo. unupxouv oUllrrTcO).taTa, olacpopETtKa zrupc rnpouvrm 00130.pt<; EKOTjA.cOOEl<;, 6rroo<; sus-roi, TaxuKapoia, urrtp'taoTj, KapOtaKT) appu8l-lia.

X pn Oll-lon oistr at yw 'tTj ).tEElawoocpalp1V<l1~ia rrou ztpotcnA.OOv OtacpopE<; OUOlE<;, 6nO)<; aVlA.lvTj, vt'tpcboTj ciA.a'ta, cpUlvaKET1V11·

AV!8VOSle,11 a1to'"CsAsi n Bupui VSCPP1Kit aVS1tUpKSm Kat 11 8AAW.jJl1 '"COU SV~UIlOU G6PD.

L16aT):0,1 mllkg SVOOCPASj3(CO':; Of. uopqiri olaAUlla'"Co.:; 1070 J.lSo c os 10 AS1t'"CU 1tOU J.l1topsi vu s1taVaAallj3eivs'"Cat Ku8s 4 ciJps,:;, TO~IK6TTrra: L'"Cl':; OUV10'"CcOJ.lSvs,:; 060S1':; J.l1WpS( va npoxnA80S1 vcurtc, ~eiAl1 Kat aue, T]011 't11':; uprnptc Kit.:; 1tisOT]':;.

L1oaoAoyia:

A) EVOOcpAf.j3iro.:; apX1Ku 150 mg/kg os oleio'tl1J.la 15' Kat Karornv 50 mg/kg o'teiYOT]V os 500 ml ose,'tpO~T]':; 5% Of. 4 cOps.:;. Kuromv 100 mg/kg Of. 1000 ml ose,'tpo~T]':; 5% ym 16 cOPf.':;. LUVOAIKei 300 mg/kg svtor; 20 coporv.

B) Ano 'to 01"01la aPXIKo. 140 mg/kg Ka\ Ka'tomv 70 mg/kg avO. 4copo ym 72 cOps.:; (OUVOA.1Ko. 17 XOPT]yTlOS1':;).

H 8spa1tf.ia 1tP81tSI vu apxiosl tyxatpa KaL 1tPIV n.:; 15 cOPf.':; a1to 'tTl A.Tl\l1T] 1"TJ':; rtupu Ks'taIlOA.TJ':;.

Avrtooro Yla n.:; OT]A.T]'tT]Plo.OSI':; J.lS 01tlOStOTl 1tapo.ycoya, A.O- 1tSpallioT] Kal OLcpaLVOe,UA.o.'tT].

XPT]OlJ.101tOlsi'tal aK6J.lT] 01"T] Stuoopucf Oto.YVCOOT] 0T]A.T]'tT]piaaT]':; Ils vup xurrucri xui UA.A.COV KCOJ.lU'"CCOV.

TO~lK6T1JTa:

Ln.:; OUV10'tulJ.lSVS':; 060S1':; SXouv avacpsp8si aA.A.SPY\K8,:; SK- 011AulOS1':; xupto»; se,o.v8T]lla.

MopqJs~:

cI>U01YYS':; 'tou 1 ml 1tOU 1tSPL8XOUV 0,4 mg vaA.oe,ovT]':;.

L16a1J:

APXtKTl 00011 0,4 mg 8CO':; 2 mg os svoocpA.sj3m XOPTlYT]o11.

Av osv U1tUPXSL aV1"a1t6Kpl0l1 (J3sA.'ticooT] nvunvsuo-rucru; A.SI'tOUPyia.:;) T] 1tapa1t6.vco XOPTlYT]oT] sTtaVaA.allj36.vs'tat us J.l8aOOLao'tTluurn 2 Tl 3 A.f.1t'tcDV. Eriv XOPl1Y1180uv OUVOA.1K6. 10 mg vaA.oe,oVT]':; Kat OSV U1to.pe,SL a1t0'!8ASOJ.la 't01"S 8a 1tPS1tSl va aJ.lcpLoj3T['tT]esi T] 1tspi1t'tcoOT] 0T]A.11'tT] piaol1':; ue omouxa.

IIatOl6.: 0,01 mg/kg svoocpA.sj3ico.:; 1tOU s1tavaA.aJ.lj3eivs'"Cat scp' OOOV xpsta~s'tal.

Avrtdoro ce 011A.T]'t11piao11 J.lS xaA.KO, J.lOA.uj3oo, uopapyupo.

Av'tSVOeie,Sl':;: NSCPP1Kit Tl T]1ta'tlKn uvsrmpxsm, aA.A.spyia.

L16a1J:

20-40 mg/kg 11IlSP110iw.:; os 2-3 OOOSl':; a1to 'tou orouc.roc Kat 0Xl 1teivw an6 utc f.j3oofJ.6.oa. Lf. OT]A.l1'tT]piaol1 J.lS xaA.KO, T] ouYXpoV'Tl xoPiJYl1oT] BAL &XSL Ka:A.ei a1to'tf.A.EOJ.la'ta.

Av unurrsirm oUVSX1011 't11':; 8spa1tsia.:; J.ls't6. 'tT]V 1tPcO'tT] sl3ooJ.l6.oa, ro'ts XOP11ysi'tal T] J.llKp01"SpT] 00011. IImOlo.: 25 mg/kg nusP11oico.:;.

LS u'"CoJ.la S810J.lEVa os VapKC01"lKU (1"O~lKOJ.lave{.:;) U1tapXSl 1"0 SVOSXOIlSVO va 1tpoKA.T]8ei OUVOPOIlO o'tsPT]Ol1':;.

TO!;'lK6T1JTa:

0poJ.l1301tsvia, rrxox xio xur-rc.puuriu, 1tUps'to.:;, se,6.ve11 J.la , A.sJ.lcpaosvi1"loa, a1tA.aoia spu8p6..:; OSlP6..:;. LUVOpOJ.lO spu811lla- 1"woou,:; A.UKOU,

Xpnotuonoistr«t Yla 1"T]v xooo ruotc '"COU t1Tta'"Co.:; as 011A.T]'tTl piaoT[ J.lS 1tapa KS1"aJ.lOA.T].

XP1101J.lOnolsi1"m cs 011A.111"T]piaoT] a1to opvnvoqxoorpopucoix; so'tsps,:;.

A vrsv8si~el<;:

~l1A11't11 ptuon U1tO KUpl3UI-UOl KOU<; EO'tEPE<;, l.LUu08EVEIU gravis, l3uil16. VEq,PIKtlCIVE7t6.PKEIU.

'tOU<; cSP6.o11 <; o ro K.N. L E7tio11<; XP11mJl07t01Ehut 00<; cStuyvooO'tlKO usoo OE 7tEpi1t'toooT] KU'tUO'tOAtl<; tl KcOJ..I.U'tO<; av o<pEiAE'WI OE I3EVSOcStUSE7ttVE<; tl OE UAAO <pupJla KO tl 7tU80AOY1Ktl Ul'tiu.

.1601]:

APXtKcD<; XOP11youv'tat 0,3 mg EVcSO<pAEl3iro<;. Av cSEV U1tUp;El av'tU1tOKPI0T] OE 1 AE7t'tO, E1tUVUAaJll3uvB'tUt T] cSOOT] JlEXpt va un6.p;Et a7to'tEAEOJ..l.U (a<pU1tVI011 rou U08EVOU<;) tl va OUJ..I.7tA11- pro80uv 'tu2 mg roo <pUPJ..I.UKOU. LE 1tEPl7t'tOO011 U7to'tP07ttl<; XPtlmJl11 stvoi T] EvcSo<pMl3ta eyxuoT] 0,1-0,4 mg 't11V oopa, avaAoyu JlE 'to l3a8J..1.o EYPtlYOpo11<;. Ttu 'tU1tatOt6. 11 cSOOT] stvoi 0,01 mg/kg.

Av 7tap6. n<; E1taVEIA11JlJ..l.evE<; cS0081<; <pAouJlasEvlA11<; OEV rrnpoucnuoflst I3EA'tirooT\ rou U08EVOU<;, rove ElVUt 7t18avo va JlT]V o<pEiAE'tCll 'to KOOJla OE I3EvsOcSlasE1tivE<;.

Flpsast va OT\J..I.Elro8Ei o n T\ XOPtll'1loT\ U\IIT\AOOV cSOOEOOV <PAOUJlasEviAT\ <; cSEV eXEt ool3upe<; aVE7t1BuJl T\'tE<; EVBPYE1E<;.

.1601]:

1 ypUJl. 7tOAU apy6. EVcSO<pAEl3iro<; OX1 evcopirspc a7to 2' K6.-

88 8-12 roP8<; 8<p' OOOV U1tCll't8l'tat. .

llatcSui: 250 mg uPyu EVOO<pAEl3iro<; Kal E7tUVUAUJll3uVE'tCll Ku8E 8-12 roP8<; 8<P' ooov a1tat't8i'tat.

TO~11(6r1]'ra:

Nuurfo., SUAT\. JlU1Ktl UcSUVUJ..I.lu.

llpw'tUlliVT)

Bvc5si~el<;:

Yztspooooxovto T]7tapivT]<;.

• AU.u uv'tic5otu

.1601]:

1 mg 7tpro'tUJllVT\I; E;OUcS8't8proV81 100 ~.M. ll1tapivT]<; snv cSo- 8Ei J..I.EOU OE 15' a7to 'tTl XOPTtYT]OT] 'tT]<; T]1tupivT\<;. Eriv nupEA80uv 30', 'to't8 XOPllyouv'tat 0,5 mg 1tpro'tuJ..I.ivT]'; ylIl Ku8E 100 ~.M. nnuptvn <;.

MEytO'tT\ cSooll 50 mg. Xoprivncn 8vcSo<pA8I3iro<; uson 08 10 AE1t'tU.

Av'tic5oto

KiiplU tVOEIC;T) (AT)AT)'tT)piuO'T) IlE)

Aol3eo'ttO YAUKOVIKO rAUKaYOVT]

DMSA (2,3 ~lJl8PKU7t't0- OOU;1VtKO 0;15)

TO~lK6'r1]'ra:

Aiuoppnvfn U7tO UU;T]JlEVll cSOOT\ (J..I.0Vll 'tT]<; EX81 UVn1tT\KnKf) cSpu<J1l.}, unoruon, I3paouKapo{a, OU07tVotU, Epu8po't11'tu 7tPOOcD1tOU.

DMPS (2,3 ~lJl8PKU7t't0- 7tP01tUVOOOUA<pOVtKO 0;15)

llUPI00;iVT] CI3l't. B6) LIAtJl rn vi VT]

H <pAOUJ..I.UsEvi)"l1 stvm uv'tuYWVto'tTt<; 'troy 138vsocStas87t1vrov Kat xpT]mJlo1totEhatYH~ r nv 8;OUOE'tEPOOOT\ 'tT]<; KU'tUO'taA't1Ktl<;

<l>U'tOJ..l.EVUOtOVT\ (Brr , Kl)

<l>80ptouxa, oC;aAIK6. B-Blockers MOAUI300<;

APOEVtKO Yopdpvupoc;

YcSpapyupo<; (J..I.E8uAIKE<; Kat uvopynvsr; EVcD08t<;), JlOAUl3cSO<;

IoovtusiOT]

AJl UVt'tiV8<;

(au'to<puTt uuvrruptu)

Avrernxrucn,

(EK'tO<; T]7tupivT]<;)

Ot lle900at1tou XPllmIlO1tatOuV'tat Y1a 'to OK01tO au'to stvni 01. a KOl..ou9Ee;:

- TIpOKl..ll'tit Stoupnon

- TIE Pl'tOV alKit 1tI..UOll

- Auioxnacpon

- Aq:>atlla;o IlE'to.yytOll

- TIl..aallaq:>aipEoll

Tlpo KA,rrrr, 61OVPT/C1T/

H a1t€KKp1all 1tOI..I..WV oucuov y{vE'ta1 cmo roue VEq:>pOUe; Kat cs 1l1KpOTEPO 1t0000't0 coro roue 1tVEUIlOW:e; (1t'tll'tlK€e; OUOiEe;) it a1to rnv 1tE1t'tlKit 000.

H E1tapKite; owuPllall a1tO'teI..Ei 1l€l..lllla ouotno rucc OE xd- 9E 011A.ll'tllPiaOll. Tiu va €XE1 a1tO'tel..€OI . .ta 11 1tPOKA.ll'tit OWUPllall 1tpS1tet va OUVU1to.PXOUV rpsu; j3aolKte; 1tpoi.i1t09tOe1e;:

a) Nn a1teKKpiVe'tal 11 ouoto O€ apKE'tit 1tOaO'tll'ta xoopie; IlE'taI30A.laIl0 a1to 'ta oupn it at 1l€'taI301..l'tee; vti stvnt 'to;lKOi.

13) Nn Ka'taVSlle'tat xupto»; oro e;OOKU't'taplO uvpo Kat 0Xl O'tOUe; io rooc.

y) Nn unv tXEl U\IIllA.O l3a91l0 aUVOEOlle; IlE ne; 1tPOO'tElVEe; roo 1tA.UOlla'tOe;.

Ttn aU;11lltvll OlOUPlloll 1tP€1tE1 va rrpoorpspovrnt o tov opyavlollo E1tapKeie; 1tOo6'tll'tEe; uypwv. Touro e1tl'tUYXo.VE'tat etrs us xopitYllall uypwv a1to 'to orouo., av r ooro stvm ouva't6 it rrnPEV'tEp1KcOe; J,lE too-cove Olal..ulla XI..OOPlOUXOU vurptou it yI..UKO~11e;. Ka1 a'tle; ouo 1tepl1t'tcOOele; 1tPOKE1'tat Y1a UOP1Kit OlOuPlloll. EK'tOe; 'tlle; XopitYllalle; ioorovcov Olal..Ullu'tooV nnpevrepuccx; J,l1t0- peL vn XOPllY119Ei U1ttp'tovo OLUl..uIla yI..UKO~11e; it Ilavl'tol..lle; Y1a rnv 1tPOKl..llall OOOIlOO'tlKTte; OlOuPTjall e;.

Anurtstru; 1tpoaoxit crrn xopitYllaTj lYYprov IlTt1tOOe; 1tPOKA.119si U1tEp<pOP:t'OOO'T], t8UlL'tEpa OE Kap01aK€e; it VE£PplKte; 1ta9itoSte;, j.l£ srmKOA.ou90 Kapo1aK1'! Ko.ll\ll11 Kat 1tpoKA.Tjall 1tVSUIlOVlKOU O1oitJ,la'tOe;. Axoun U1tapXE1 'to EVOeXOlleVO TjA.sK'tPOA.UT1.KcOV ola'tapaxmv.

--

Ti' ouro 11 1tPOKl..ll'tit 01OUPll0ll 9a 1tpt1tEl vn eq)(lPIlO~E'tat IlE'ta a1t6 1tpOOeK't1Kit e;s'taoll. 'Errn os 011A.ll'tllP10.ae1e; 1tOU OeV uvousvscm aU;11011 'tlle; a1t0130A.ite; 'tou 011A.ll'tllPLOU a1to roue; VEopouc; OeV 1tpS1teL vn eq:>apJ,lO~e'tat. Emcrp; OEV 1tpt1tEL va eoup- 1l0~E'tat OE shock, aE 0111..11'tllPiaoll a 1t0 OUOiEe; 1tOU 1tpOKaA.OUV 1tVeUJ,lOV1KO oiOlllla Kat cs Veq:>p1Kit aVemipKe1a.

Ot KU't'taptKte; llelll3po.VEe; etvoi 1tEP1000'tEPO Ota1tepa'tte; cero ouotsr; 1tOU I3pioKov'tat OE J,l11 10VlOJ,ltVll uopqni, Ezrousvcoc 0 l3a9- 1l0e; E1taVapp0<Pllalle; ououov oru oupooopn OCOl..llVo.pta el..a't'tcOvsrm oruv 11 oceto I3piaKe'tat ce Ka'to.'taoll iovicuoo. 01O)ll.aj.10C; a08EVWV o;tcov aU;o.VE1 OE a I.. Kal..1KO 1tEptl3o.l..A.OV Kat av'tlge'tcoe; rcov ououov 1tOU ouunepupepovroi co.v 1300a€1e; au;6.vEt a€ O;lVO 1tEPll3o.A.I..OV. 'E'rot IlE'taj3o.A.l..ov'tae; 'to pH 'toov oupcov IlE'taI3UI..I..E'tat (au;UVe'tat) 11 a1ttKKptOll 'toov oucuov. Tin 'ta <pupurrxn nou OUIl1t€Plq:>tpov'tat cnv o;sa 0 J,l€yaA.U'tepoe; j3a9J,l0e; \0- viouou Kat 11 a1teKKptall yive'tat ornv 'to pH 'tOOV oopcov stvm aA.KaA.tKO, svco yta 'ta onpuuxu 1tOU ouurrspupspovrnt ooe; l3uOele; 11 a1t€KKptall yiVE'tat KaA.u'tEpa OE pH oupcov O;LVO.

Enouevc»; O€ 0111..11'tl1P1UOe1e; J,l€ opicusvc q:>uPllaKa 1tpt1tE1 va J,lE'taI30.A.A.E't1a 'to pH avo.l..oya OE O;lVO it aA.KaA.1KO (O;lVll xrn aA.KaA.lKit owuPllall).

AAXaA,lra]6roVPT/C1T/: Fie rnv al..Kal..01toill0ll 'toov oupcov XPllouiozotstrm ro ol't'tav9paK1K6 VU'tP10. To pH rcov oupcov EA.€yXe'ta1 K0.9E 1 cope. H aA.1(aA.01toill0ll rcov oupcov Y1Ve'tat ce 011- A.ll'tllpiaoll Il€ Oal..1KUl..1KU Ka1 <patvol3apI31'tal..ll.

'O~n'1J 61OVPT/C1T/: Fin 'tllV O;lvo1toillall rcov oupcov XPlla1- uonoiettm 'to XI..OOP\Ouxo allllcOvlO eVOOq:>l..el3(ooe; it urro rou crrouuroc, To pH rcov oupeov el..&YXe'tat KUee 1 mpa. H 6;lVll StouPllall Eq:>apJ,lO~E'tat OE 011A.ll'tllP10.0E1e; IlE uuoercutvsc, xivtvn , <patv<pl..oupallivll Kat <patVKUKI..10LVll.

H xeprrovoucn 1tA.UOll sfvm A.1yO'tepO OpaO'tlKit nrro 'tTjv mIlOK0.9apoll YLa rnv a1tOllo.KpUVOTj 'to;LVcOV Kat OTjA.ll'tllPioov Ka1 Y1a 'to I..oyo uuro 11 xpitaTj 'tTje; stvm 1tEptoP101l€VTj. 'EXe1 1tOA.U

KUAa U1tO'tEAEO~U'tU 0't11 011A11't11PiuoT) ~E o.AU'tU Al8iou Kat at- 8uAEvoyAUKOA11. E1tio11<; xp11CH~OnolEi'tUl O'tUV 11 at~oKa8upo11 OEV urropst vn XP11CHj.L01t01118Ei yw AOYOU<; 'tEXVlKOU<; it OE rrspt- 1tnDOEl<; uiuoppuytuc, 01tOU 11 XPito11 nvrtnrpctuccov 8u ~1tOPOUOE va 011~lOUpyit06t 1tP008E_U 1tP0j3AtlW1'tU.

<pUPj.LUKOU Uno.PXEl O'tOV EVOUYYEtUKO xropo un' orrou unopst VU 0.1tOj.LUKpuv8Ei.

ALIJ,OKdBapaTl

H atj.LOKo.80.poT) Xp1101~onOlEi'tat eJ't11 8EpunEio. 011A11't11Plo.(60)V ~E Ko.Ao. U1tO'tEAEO~o.'tU, lowi'tEpo. os OP10~tVE<; 011AT)'t11- P1o.OE1<;. H 0.1j.LOKo.80.pa11 stvm j.LE80oo<; EKAOyt'j<; ym j3UP1E<; 011- A11't11P1U061<; o.1tO Ai81O, ~E8uA1Kit K0.1 u18UAlKTt UAKOOA11 Kat 8EO<pUAAiv11. AKOj.Lo. KUAU U1tO'tEAEaj.LU'tU EX6l cr«; 011A11_11P1o.aE1<; j.LE aUAlKUA1Ka KU1 <po.1VOj3Upj31'to.AT).

Aiuxptvs'rm OE 060 uopoec, o.VUAOYo. j.LE 'to 6ioo<; rou <piArpou. Tc oUV1\8T) <piA'tpU (Haemodialysis) Kat 'ta cpiA'tpo. usom O'tT)AWV zrpoopoqrrrrucric; ouaiu<; (o.V8pUKo. it PT)'t1VWV) 0.1j.L001Tt- 8T)0T) (Haemoperfusion), 00. TCPE1tE1 vo uvcrpspoous EOro 0't1 0 E~- 1tVEua'tTt<; Kat 0 1tPW'tO<; E<PUp~OOo.<; 't11V 0.1~OKa8upaT) j.LE 0't11- AE<; Uv8po. KU Tt'tUV 0 11t1toKpa'tT)<; nuv't~i011<; 'to 1965.

EV[jE(~E1C; rIa auio KdBapaTl

Tevucsc; EVOBii;6l<;: To cpap~uKo va npoapo<pa'tul uno 'tOY av8 po. xu tl 'tt<; P11'tlvE<;.

Me:yQ.AO 1tOOO -11<; ouotuc vn j3piOKE'tUl o-ro 1tAo.O~U.

H eupuc KOAOYlKtl Opo.011 vc eXEl Uj.LE011 0XEo11 j.LE 't11 oUYKEv'tPO)ol1 0_0 nAUO~o..

KA1VlKE<; EVOEi~El<;: 0 o.a8EVTt<; 1tpe1tEl vc OUYKEV'tproVE1 2-3 U1tO 'tu E~Tt<; KPl'tTtPW.

Nu etvm YEV1Ko. OE aoj3uPTt KU'tUO'tuoT) OT)A11'tT)piuall<;. N U OeiXVEl OUV6XTt onusiu emoeivO)oT)<; TCo.po. 'tT)V UTCoa'tllpi xrt KTt o.YO)YTt.

Nu j.L11 oeixve1 cnuefu KA1V1KTt<; rtpoo Sou napa 'tTl 8EpunEU't1 KTt 0. YO)Yit .

Nu ex£'l o.vo.n't6~Et E7CtnAoKE<;, onO)<; nveuuovtn, allWat~iu. Nu EXEl nOAU UW11AO E1ti1tEOO <po.p~UKOU o ro utun.

..1.vvaTOTTlTEC; allJ,OKdBapaTlC;

H oUVU'tO't11'tU yto. Ulj.LOKU8apaT) E~UP'tU'tat U1tO opicusvn KP1'tTtP1U 01t0)<; CPUCHKOX11~lKo. XUPUK'tT)P1a't1Ko. 't11<; ouotuc Kat cpo.p~u KOK1V11't1 Kt<; 1to.po.j.LE'tpOU<;.

- cI>UPj.LUKo. it OUOle<; j.LE Xo.j.LT)AO ~Op10.KO j3upo<; 010.TCEPVOU,:, 'tTl ~EIlj3pUVll OUJAU011<; EUKOAO'tEPU U1tO cpUpj.LaKU UWllAOU ~OPWKOU j3o.pOU<;. YOU'tOOlQAU'ta <pU PIl 0. KU U1t0~UKPUVOV'tU1 EUKOAO'tEpo. ana 'tU Al1t001UAU'to..

- DOAU aT)~UV'tlKO<; 1tUpo.yO)v stvm 0 j3u81l0<; auvoEa11<; 't11<; ouoto.c IlE r«; npO)'tE"fvE<; rou nAo.a~u'tO<;. cI>o.PIlUKU j.LE U\jJT)AO j30.81l0 o6voEa11<; j.LE npo)'te'tVE<; OEV unoumcpuvov'tm, OEOOIlEVOU on j.LOVO 'to EAEU8EPO 'til tlllU 'tOU <pup~u KOU urropet vc o.TCO~UKpuv8Ei.

- cI>up~o. KU IlE j.L6yUAO OYKO OUYKEV'tpO)o11<; exouv u\jJllAO j3u8~6 OUVOEOTl<; j.LE roue io rotx; Kat 1tOAt> ~tKPO 'tj.Litj.LU 'tou

A VTEV[jE(~El':;:

H U1to.p~T) o.V't100'tOU .

'O'tUV T) AT)<p8eiau ouotn tXE1 'to.XU IlE't0.j30AlOj.LO

'Ornv OEV stvut 1tOAU 'tO~lKit (1t.X. j3EV~OOto.~E1tivE<;) 'Oruv EXEl UWT)AO j3u8~0 OUVOEOll<; IlE 't1<; 1tPO)'tE'fVE<; 'tOU 1tAo.-

ouceroc.

EmnAOIdc; TTl':; allJ,oKdeapaTl':; Atuoppnytsc; AOYO) 1l1tUP1V10 1l0U cI>Aey~ovit

A1tCOAE1U 1tEP1<pEPl Kit<; UP't11Piu<; 0po j.Lj301tevio., AEUKOTCevio. A1twAE1u nupuyov'tO)v 1tTt ~1l <; D'twoll o.oj3eo'ttou, YAUKO~11 <;

~llATI'tllPtUOEt<; 01tOU 1l o.tj.LoKo.80.p0T) bev rrpocqispet j3oitBstu: Tp1 KUKAtKU UV't1KU'tu8A11t_1 KU, <patV08Eta~ivE<;, j3EV~0010.se1tlvE<;, OUK'tUAl'tlOU, uv't1i:O'tUlllV1KU.

Tevucu yta 'tTJV e<papJ,toYii ,"ua<; J,teeoBou Ko.eapOTJ<; 8a 1tPErtst va e!;e'tasov'taL OAa rn BeooJ,t€va Kat va cl't'a8J,tisov'tat at EVoei!;Et<; Kat ot Kivouvat 1tOU cuvocsoouv 'tTJ J,tE80Bo. Asv nzrorsAei rnv e~-KoATJ ~e80Bo rrou Bn AUOet 'to 1tPoJ3ATJJ,ta os Ko.8E rrspt- 1t'twoTJ BTJA TJ'tTJ ptnonc;

'Ornv 1tPOKEt'[at ytU a1t01teLpe<; curoxrovtnc Ssv AaJ,tJ3o.VE'tat U1tOWTJ TJ uvcoepousvn w<; ATJ<p8Eioa 1tooo'tTJ'ta, aAAo. TJ KALvtKii sucovc KUL OL 1tpOOOLOPLoJ,tOl 'tTJ<; ouoia<; 0'[0 «tuo ,

Ee veovvc KUL J3PE<p", 01tOU" e<pupJ,toyij 't"<; atJ,toK6.8apo,,<; 1tPOO'KpoueL OE 'tex,vLKE<; BUOKOA1E<;, ,",mopEi vo. yivet aq>atJ.la!;oJ.le'[ayyLO'" yta 't"v U1tOJ.lo.KPUVO'" rou O"A"'t,,piou, tBLahepa os 1tEPL1t,[WO'Et<; ue J,te8atJ,toO'q>UlplVatJ,tia ii J.lE ouotsc 1tOU J3P10'Kov'tat 0''[0. epu8pa nuroorputptn 1t.x,. x,AropaJ,tq>atVtKOA", x,pwJ,ttO.

ME't" J.lseoBo au'tii a1tOJ,taKpuvov'taL J.laSi J.lE 'to 1tAo.OJ,ta Kat '[OC,lKS<; ouoisc 1tOU u1t(iPXouv 0" nuro ii stvct O'uvBeoeJ,teve<; ue 1tpw'tEfve<;. Flnpri 't" 8erop",[LKii au'[ii 130.0'" O',["V 1tpo.c,,, BEv s'[uXE" J,ts80Bo<; eupeiae;; Eq>apJ,toy,,<;. E1tl1tAOKe<; 't"<; J,te80oou ava<pEpov'tat LBtuhepa " epoJ,tJ301tEvia, " muoopcvtc Kat" UVOO'OKa'taO''[oA". To KOO''tO<; e1ttO'" <; 't,,<; J,teeoBou stvm 'tepaO''tlo.

0eropEi'taL Xp"O'tJ.l" O'E OptO'J,ttVE<; 1tEpt1t'tWO'Et<; o"A"'t,,puioscov us <paPJ.laKa J,ttKP,,<; 1tpro'teiVtKTJ<; O'uvBeoTJ<; Kat J,teyaAou J,tOptaKOU J3o.poue;; 1tOU BEv J.l1tOPOUV va a1toJ3A,,80uv us UtJ,tOOlUAto". Tsrotn q>aPJ.laKa stvnt TJ Btyoc,LvTJ, aJ,tLVoYAuKooiBE<;, rrpoKatvaJ,tiBTJ, KEq>Oc,uiVTJ Kat TJ pavKoJ,tuKiVTJ. TeA.su'taia exet seepJ,t008£i O''[TJ eepa1te{a BTJATJ'tTJpto.oerov us 1tapaKOUo.'t.

Fsvucd yta rnv a1tO'teAEoJ,tanKO'tTJ'ta 't11<; J.leeoBou Sev urrdpx,ouv EnapKTJ o'totx,eia.

--

_---------A-V-'t-'lJ,t~E't-ro-· _1t_10'_TJ..!...-'t~v BTJA TJ'[TJ Plo.O'eroV • 31

A. l:ufl1t't'Wfla.nKTi a.ywyTi

A1tO'tEAei OTJJ.lUV't'tKO 'tJ.liiJ.la 'tTJ<; av't'tJ.lE'tW1tlO'TJ<; rcov oc,etwv OTJATJ't11Pt(ioerov. TIeptAaJ.lJ3o.Vel 't11 J,t11 etBtKii av't'tJ.lE'tW1tlO'TJ J,tE oBTJYo '[11v EJ.l<po.V10'TJ ouumcoud-rorv. Astocncostst O'tTJ Ota't"p,,- 0" rcov Sro'[tKWV AenoupYUDV roo oovcviouoo Kat O''t11V uvrtus't'(i)1ttO'11 UAAWV O'uJ,t1t'troJ.lo.'twv, srrn, WO''tE va BoeEi Xpovo<; o rov opvcviouo va av'ta1tec,sA8eL. TovLse'tuL O'[L oi rrapto oo'rspsr; BTJA,,'t11PLo.O'ele;; aV't'lJ,tE'tw1tisOv'taL O'UJ.l1t'tWJ.lanKU Kat YL' nuro II ayroy" au't" 1tps1tet vo e<papJ,tose'taL oroo'[o. Kat OX,OAaO''t'lKo.. Kopta OUJ.l1t'twJ.la'ta, Bla'tapux,se;; Kat E1taKOAOUea 1tOU cvnuetro- 1tlSonaL sivm at Bta'tapaxe<; 't"<; uvczrvonc, 'to KapBtaYYEtaKO shock (01to.Vta 11 U1ttp'tu(11), 11 U1tEp8EpJ,tLa, 11 u1t08epJ,tia, OL 01tUouot, 0 rcovoc, " J,te8aLJ,tooq>atpLVaLJ,tia, " uvuppoonnnrrvsouovt«, " E1tlO'XEO'" oupcov, " OAtyoupia, " J3Ao.J3" rou ,,1tUroc, " oc,sroO'" K. o..

LE Ko.eE OTJA"'["piao,, 1tpt1tEL vti EK'tLJ,t"8Ei,, YEVLK" Ka'[6.- 0'[0.0" roo a08EVOU<; xm vo. Ka'taypaq>ouv 'ta supnuurc. Flspi- 1t'tWO'Et<; 1tOU OEV tX,OUV O'UJ.l1t'[WJ.la'[u 1tapaKOAOUeOUV'tat YLa J.lEPLKE<; Ero<; 24 WPE<;.

at J3aptte;; 011A11't11PtaO'et<; 80. 1tp€1teL vn aV'ttJ.le'[ro1tisov'tut O'E J.lovo.BE<; Ev'tanKii<; 8EPU1tEiu<;. TovisE'[Ut O'[t 11 KaA" EKJ3aO'11 '[roY 1tEpLoO'o'[eprov 011A11'[11PLuO'erov ec,ap'[a'taL Kupiroe;; a1to rnv KUA" Kat o rsvri 1tapaKOAoue11O'11 't't<; 1tpcine<; xptouisr; wpee;;.

AV't'lflUO:I1tUJ11 ava.nVf:uCJ't'lKWV c5uCJXf:pSlWV

A1tOAU'[11 xoorsomomru BloE'tat 0''t11 Bla't"P11O'11 't11<; nvn- 1tvo"<;. Arrtsr; rroo 1tpOKaAOuv oc,eia cvcorveuo rucn aVE1to.PKEta o's uin O"A,,'t11piao11 stvm TJ a1toq>pac,11 rrov nspoooprov oowv " 11 Ka'[ao'toA" roo K€V'tPOU 't11<; nvnrrvonc. H ol;Eia uvurtveuc nKTJ aVe1tUpKeta yive'tut av't'tA111t'tTJ xupto»; ue 't11v 1tauO'TJ 't11<; nvn- 1tvo,,<; TJ xurivoion. L'[1<; 1tSPl1t'tWOSt<; au'[ee;;, cocipouvrru a1to 'to croun c,tva O'roJ,ta'ta uxouc Kat 'tSXVTJ'tte;; oBov'toO''tOtx,ie<;. To- 1t08Eu:hut 0 a0'8EVTJe;; o-rnv aptO',[EPTJ 1tAEUPo. 'tooo yta va urcoq>E~X,eEi 0 Kivouvo<; EtoPOq>11011<; a1to suero, 000 Kat va J.l11V

1tEqrrSt 11 yA.WO'O'U O''tO cpUpuyyu Kat U1tO<PPUO'O'St 't11V etcoSo voc UEpU. H U1tA.ll XOPllY11O'l1 o~uy6vou 11 J..lE'tU EVOO,PUXEtUKll OtaO'(OA.llV(OQll , 6m:o<; UK6J..lU_ Kat 11 S<PUPJ..loyij uvunveoo rripu eu S~UP'tllSsi u1t6 'tt<; UVUYKSt;.

ue 'tptKUKA.tKU UV'ttKU'tUeA.l1t'ttKa 11 vrormutvn stvui A,t')'6'tEPO OpUO''ttKll u1t6 'tll VOPS1t1.vs<PpiVll. 1:E UA.A.Et; nEpt1t'tcOO'St<; xpo-n).lU'tUt 11 V't01tOU'tUJ..liVll· 1:E 011A.ll'tll ptuon J..lE ~-UVUO''toA.sit; 11 yA.UKuy6Vfl stvm nEptO'0'6'tEPO OpUO''ttKll.

Yno'tUO"l1- Shock

LnaO'l-lo{

LE 1tEpi1t't(OO'l1 O'1tUO'llcOV unocpEuyoV'tat 'tu EC,(o'tEP1KU EpEeiO').lu'tu, EVW 1tUPUA.A.llA,U UV,tIlE,(01ti~ov'tat oi urrter; 1tOU EVOEXOIlEV(Ot; 1tPOKUA.EO'UV 'tou<; 0'7WO'IlOUt; (ot6pS(OO'l1 u1toc,iut;, oc,eWO'l1<;, unoyA.uKatJ..liu<;). LuYXp6v(O<; ytU rnv KU'tUO''tOA.ll rcov O'nuO'IlWV XOPllYEi'tUt: 6.ta~E1t(iJ..lll 5-10 mg LV. O'E 2-3 A.En'tu (IleytO''to 5 mg/A.En't6). H 060'11 Il1tOPEi va EnUVUA.UIl~UVE'tat KUSE 10-15 A.E1t'tU J..lE ).leytO''tll 060'11 'tu 30 mg.

Tur 'tu 1tatOtu 0,25 mg/kg IlE J..leytO''to 5 rug lleXPl 5 srcov KUl 10 mg nuv(O cl1t6 5 E'tWV.

Eriv oi O'nuO'lloi OEV Uv't1J..lE't(Oni~ov'tat us 01U~E1tUJ..lllll EnuvepXov'tut yiVE'tUt XPllO'l1 't11t; cpuwl>'toiVll<; 11 CPUtvO~UP~t'tUA.11t;·

MEptKEt; oc,EiEt; 011A.ll'tllPtUO'Et<; uzcopet vn O'UVOOEUOV'tat un6 O'oJ3uPlll>1tO'tUO'l1-shock J..lE E1taKOA.OUeO 'tOY Kivouvo YlU 'tll ~(Oll rou urouou.

Opicusvsc; ouotsc; npOKUA.OUV shock 11 O'o~upil un6'tuO'l1. Ts'totE<; oUO'iE<; stvcn 'tu ~up~t'tOUptKu, tOtai'tEPU o rcv oi 'ttW:t; -eou nA.uO'J..lu'tOt; stvm U'lf11A.St;, 'tu J..lll ~upJ3HOUP1KU U1tV(O'ttKU 6n(Ot; 11 J..lSeUKOUUA.6Vll, 11 yA.ou'tatSlJ..liOll KUt Tl J..lEnpO~UJ..la'tTl. Tu UA.KUA.OEtOll roo oniou smopouv o ro KUP01UYYE1UK6 O'uO''tTlJ..lU KUt uzropet vo. 1tpOKUA.eO'ouv un6'tuO'l1 il shock. AKOIlU 01 <patVOeS1U~iVEt; KU1l0tat'tSPU Tl xA.(OponpoJ..lu~iVTl O'E IlEyUA.E<; 060'S1<; ztpoKUA.OUV uxoruon. TeA.ot; rn 'tptKUKA.1KU uv'ttKu'tu8A.l1t'ttKa A.O- 1'(0 't11t; KUPOlO'tOC,tKll<; OPUO'l1<; roue unopst va 1tPOKUA.eO'OUV shock.

To shock rrou EJ..lcpuvi~s'tat 0''t1<; OC,stE<; OTlA.ll'tTlPlUO'Elt; OEV stVat Kupi(O<; u1to'teA.sO'llu 'tTl<; U1tWA.E1U<; OYKOU, UA.A.U 'tTl<; SA.u't't(OO'Tl<; 'tTl<; 1KUVO'tTl'tu<; rrov uYYEi(Ov Y1U 'tllV KUVOV1Kll pon (KUKA.ocpopiu) rou 6YKOU. H EA,u't't(OO'l1 'tll<; lKUVO'tTl'tUt; uu'tllt; rtpoKun'tE1 un6 0'l>vouuO').l6 'tTl<; 01UO''t0A.1lt; IllKPWV UYYElwV KUt EA,(l't't(OO'Tl rnc; CpA.E~lKllt; E1ttO''tPO<Pllt; O''tTlV KUPOlU J..lE EnUK6A.ouSo 'tTl IlEi<OO'Tl 'tTl<; KUPOtUKllt; 1tUPOXllt; KUt 1t'tWO'Tl 'tllt; niEO'Tlt;.,

YnepBepl-l{a: LUJ..l~uivE1 O'S uspucsc; 011A.ll'tTlP1uO'Elt; (rrrporttvn K.U.). H UV'ttIlE'tW1ttO'Tl yiVE'tUt J..lE CPUO'lKU usee, 'lfUXPa. sm8eIlU'tU il xA.lup6 A.ou'tpo.

Ynoseouia: LUIl~uivEl O'E uspucsc; OTlA.Tl'tTlPtUO'Et<; (orvozrvsoIlU K.U.). EniO'Tlt; IlE <pUO'lKU J..lEO'U UV'ttIlE't(J)1ti~s'tul, Kou~ep'tE<;, 8eplluvO'Tl 'tou 1tEPt~UA.A,ov'tOt;.

A vtuietcaman

Edv O'uYXp6v(O<; J..lE rnv U1to'tuO'Tl-shock unupxouv Kat UA,M<; 01.U'tUPUXEt; yiVE'tU1 ot6pS(OO'll 'tou<; (unoc,iu, oc,e(OO'Tl). 0 U0'8Evilt; 'tieE'tat O'E SeO'Tl Trendelenburg. Xopnvouvrm EVOOcpA.E~i(Ot; uypu IlE rt pOO'OXll yta rnv Em~Upl>vO'Tl 'tTlt; KUPOta Ki)t; A.Et'tOUPyiu<;. Edv 'tu UV(O'tEP(o OSV unoOwO'ouv Su XPllO'1Il01t01TlSOUV cpupJ..lUKU UVUA.oyu IlE rnv nEpin't(OO'Tl. Ku'tu YEVtK6 xovovn XPTlO'1.uozroioovrm Tl V't01tUJ..l iVT] KUt Tl VOPS1tlvsCPP{vr). LE OTlA,Tl'tTlPiuO'Tl

TIPOKUA.Ei'tUl U1tO 1t0A.A.e<; OUO'iEt; (Vt'tproOElt;, ouwmcertvn K.U.). 1:E Ka.8s 1tEptn't(OO'Tl IlE8atJ..l00'<patPWUtJ..ltUt; unolluKpuVE'tUt 'to Uhl0. Kuromv, av 'to E1d1tsOO 'tTl<; IlESatJ..lOO'cputpivr)<; dVal. nuv(O un6 300/0 X(Opit; O'uJ..ln'tcOJ..lu'tu 11 0 UO'SEVi)<; stvm KUUV(o'tlK6t; npe1tEt vo: yiVE'tat SspunEiu. Xopnvst-rui 0c,uy6vo Kat O'uYXp6v(Ot; 'to KUUVOUV t oo IlESUA.Eviou O'E 060'Tl 0,1 mllkg 1. V. O'E 01UA.l>IlU 1 % ~puoeWt; lleO'u O'E 10'.

I'

i,l

Avrt ym 'to xucvouv 'tOU IU:8uAEViou 10PTJYEi't'at 'to aOKOp- 131Ko 01;15 (I3t'taJ.1tvTJ C) OE &OOTJ 1 ypa!J.. EV&O<pAEl3iro~ 1tOU urcopst vn E1tav(l,ATJcp8Ei apKE't'6~ q>opt~, l&mi'tEpa cs a08EvEi~.J.1E EAAE1- \JITJ Ev~15J.1ou G6PD, ortoo 'to xocvoov "t'ou !J.E8uAEViou av't'Ev&dxvurm.

--

KE<p6.AUlO 2

ArXOA YTIKA (HPEMII:TlKA)

I1POKE1"t'al yln !J.EYaATJ o!J.a&a cpapJ.1aKrov 1tOU IPTJ01!J.Ortotouvrm o"t'TJ 8Epa1tW"t'1K~ WP6ro~ oo~ ayxoAu"t'lKa, TJPE!J.10nKa, avno1tao!J.ro01Ka, U1tVOO"tlKa, !J.uoxaAapoo"t'lKa, TJ &E &paoTJ roue aOKEi'ta1 oro K.N.L.

I:uxvt~ EiV(l1 Yln 'to AOYO nuro Kat at OTJATJ't'TJP1aOE1~ a1tO ruxaiE~ iJ OK01tl!J.E~ AiJ\JIE1~. 01 01touoa16"t'EpE~ OUoiE~ c rnv Ka"t'TJyopia au'tiJ ElVa1: AA1t pa~OAaJ.1 TJ, Bpco !J.a~E1taJ.1 TJ, d ln~E1ta!J. TJ, IUo!J.1ta~a!J.TJ, IO..opa~1ta'tTJ, AOpa~E1taJ.1TJ, MEOa~1taJ.1TJ, Nvrpo~E1ta!J.TJ, Ol;a~E1ta!J.TJ. I1pa~E1taJ.1TJ, TEJ.1a~E1ta!J.TJ, TPln~OACt!J.TJ, (l)AOUV1 't' pa~E1t a!J.TJ, <l>Aoupa~E1taJ.1 TJ, XAOOpa~E1ta!J. TJ, XAOOpO&ln~1tol;dolO.

rEV1KW~ at J3Ev~OOta~E1tivE~ OEV 1tpOKaAOuv J3apl.t~ &TJATJ't'TJptaO€l~, €VW o1tavioo~ EXOUV oTJJ.1Etro8€i 8ava't'Ot. Avuospsrrn 6't'1 Y1a va 1tPOKA TJed J3ap1a OTJATJ'tTJ piaoTJ a1tal"t'€i't'at oooTJ 50-100 <POPE~ 't'TJ~ e€pa1t€l.)"t'tKiJ~. E1tlKivouv€~ yivoV't'at at OTJATJ't'TJPlaO€l~ J.1€ I3Ev~o&l(l~E1tivE~ orov ouvoua~oV't'a1 J.1€ aAAa <pap!J.aKa Ka1 Kupioo~ !J.€ aAKOOATJ. Avuoapsrm 6"t'1 AiJ\JITJ 500-1500 mg Ola~€- 1tCt!J. TJ~ EiXE oo~ a1tOn~AEo!J.a "t'TJV 1tPOKATJOTJ J.1EOTl ~ J3apu"t'TJ'ta~ &TJATJ"t'TlPiaoTJ. Evco TJ AiJ\JITJ 2,5 mg AOpa~E1taJ.1TJ~ a1to 1tatoi 9 E't'WV 1tpOKaA€OE a'tac,ia Kat 01t"tlKt~ Ota't'apaxt~.

kUJ,1.7rTcOJ,1.aTa

ZaATJ, U1tVTJAta, €Aaq>p6 KW!J.a, a"t'al;ia, I;TJPoo't'O!J.ia, "t'axuKapoia, !J.uopiaoTJ, €Aaq>pa. u1to"t'aoTJ, €Aaq>pa Ka"t'ao't'oAiJ 't'TJ~

ovunvonc. To. O'ull1t'tcOlla1'a xuucwovrm alto eAac:ppu Ka1'aO'1'OATt rou K.N.L. us a1'a~ia IlEX,Pl KcOlla'to<;. Y1tepBoO'oAoyiu us x,AwpoBlu1;,elto~eiBto ltpOKaAsi vuc rovuo. H Aopu1;,e1tUIlT] rrpoKUAEi x,apuK'tT]ptO''tlKU a1'a~(u, 1.j1euBatO'ElTlO'Et<; Kat ltUpUtO'El1'jO'Et<;, eltlO'T]<; ot1tAwltia. Fleptocorspo EmKlvBu\nl cpuive1'at vo: stvnt T] cpAouvt1'pa1;,eltUIlT]. To. ltapU1tuvw O'ulllt't'cOlla1'a yivov1'at 0'0- j3apu, 101ai't'epa '1 Ka1'uO'1'oA1'j 1'T]<; avaltv0tl<;, orcv AT]cpElEi cuvx,povw<; otvorrvsuuu. Tax,eia EvoocpMj3tu EveO'T] j3ev1;,oBta1;,emvcOv urropsi vt: ltpOKaAEO'et UVUltvEuO''t'lKiI aVUKOlt1'j.

1 Aelt'tou Kat IlEX,Pl 3 mg O'UVOA1KU. Oi lteplOO'o'tepE<; ltEPl1t'troO'Et<; uvrurtoxptvovrut ue 'tT]v ovcoreoro BOO'T]. Edv T] uvrunoxptcn stvrn uspucf urropsi v« x,petaO'Elouv IlEX,pt 5 mg. Eriv IlE 'ta 5 rng OEV ultup~et aVraltOKplO'T] eivulm8avo 1'0 KcOlla vn IlT]V ocpEiAeret cs j3ev1;,ootu1;,eltive<;.

Ttn 1'0. ltatOtU T] 000'T] stvcn 0,010 mg/kg.

Av&m8vJ.l17rt;~ evspvstec: "Ex,ouv ava<pEpElEi E~UV1'AT]O'T], O'uyX,UO'T] Kat O'ltUVla KapolaK1'j uppu8llia.

Bovaovnouuc« suotuuxtc:

6ev cpaive1'at vn U1tUpx,ouv epyuO'1'T]ptaKU eupillla1'u rtou va j30T]80uv 0''t'T] BtuyvwO'T] Tl 8epa1teiu 't'wv OT]A T]1'T] ptuaewv us Bsv- 1;,oota1;,e1tive<;. H notorucri uvix,veuaT] Yta't'T] otu1tta't'waT] 't'T]<; ultap~T]<; j3ev1;,oBw1;,emvrov o-ro ctuo stvm X,PTlcrtllT], svco Ssv EX,Et KA1- vtKiI aT]llaaia 0 noco nxor; rtpoo Stoptouo«; 't'ou<;.

EvvopojlO arip17aTl~

H U1tO't'OIlTJ OWK01tTt "CT]<; ElEpUltEia<; IlE f3Ev1;,oBw1;,e1tivE<; 1l1t0- pet vo ltpOKaAEaEt Ka1tOtOu j3u81l0u auvopollO a1'EpTJaT]<; nvdAOYU IlE 1'0 x,pOVO Kat 1'TJ ooaoAoyia rrou BwpKei T] ElEpalteia. Ttu "CT]v cvnuercimon x,PT]crtllo1totsi't'at cpatvoj3Upj3t"CUATJ Tl OlU- 1;,emlllT] os 1tPOOOEU't'tKU IlE1WIlEVT] Soon,

'101.£<; opUaEt<; Kat 8EpU1teia Ex,et TJ ZOAmOEIlT].

0epant;{a

AltOIlUKpUVaT] 1'WV CPUPIlUKWV us susro 1'j ltAUO'T], x,opilYT]aT] uv8paKa Kat UYWYTt aUIl1t'tWIlU't'tKf] (uvrtue rcrmon TT]<; urroTUaT]<;). Tooo T] 1tPOKAT]Tf] Stoupnon 6ao KUt T] atlloKU8apaT] BEV ex,ouv U1to'teAEO'lla.

NEYPOAHUTIKA

Xpttan aVLlOO'[oV

H <PAoullu1;,£viAT] stvm av"CayO)vta't'Tl<; TWV j3Ev1;,oow1;,emvcOv ltOU XPT]crtIlOltOtEl't"at o rnv cvnuerromo n "CWV OT] AT] 1'T] ptUaEwv IlE j3ev1;,oota~E1tivE<;. E~OUOETEprovEl r«; opuO'et<; 1"OU<; aTO KNL (xu'[aa"CoA1'j uvunvonc, xcouo) Kill x,PTJatllo1totEi'[Ul O'S ax,E't"tKu f3aptE<; ltSpmTcOaEt<;. EKTO<; "COUTOU T] cpAoulla1;,sviAT] x,pT]alIlOltotei'[at KUt we;, OtayvwaelK6 usoo aE ltEpmTcOaEt<; Krolla1'o<; ayvcOaTOU at't'toAoyill<;. AVTSVOEiKVUTat T] X,PTlO'T] eT]e;, os 1tEptltTcOaEt<; IlE j3Ej3atT] f] mElavf] OT]AT]1'T]piuaT] us TPlKUKAlKU UV'[tKUTU8Al- 1t't'lKU. XOPTJYEtTllt evBo<pAEj3iwe;, aE ooaT] 0,3 rng aE 30 SsurspoAE1tTa. Edv oev UltUp~el aVTIl1tOKplaT] X,OpT]YEtTat 0,3 mg cs 30 BWeEp6AEltea. LeT] auvEx,Ela 0,5 mg os J.lEaOOtlla1'1'jlla'[a

TIPOKEt't'at yw olluoa CPaPllaKWV rrou X,PT]crtIlO1tOtouv't'at W<; UVTlellEnKU Kat Ilsi1;,ovu T]pEJ.ltaTlKU.

H 8aVaTT]<popo<; OoaT] TWV ououov au't"(ov xuucfvarrn alto 15-150 mg/kg uv Kat aoj3apE<; EKOT]AcOael<; EX,OUV aUIlj3Ei Kat aE 1l1KpOeEpE<; 06aEt<;. 'Ex,Et ltEptypUcpei 8aVUTO<; ue 350 mg X,AWP01tpOllu~ivT]<; O'E 1tatoi 4 EecOV Kat IlE 2 ypall. O'E EVTlAtKO.

EVJ.l1fTrojlara

O~££a 017AT/TT/piaa17: To. ltPcOTU O'Ulllt1'cOlla1'a sivm ~UATJ, 1'0.x,uKupoiu, aoj3apf] eviors unorucn, O'1tUVW appuEI).!ia, ~T]p6TT]- 1'0. 0'1'6J.la1'0<;, vcurtc , uTa!;ia, ).!uBpiaaT] (a1tUVW ).!UO'T]) , urrsp- 8EPllia, 1'p6).!0<;, KpU).!ltEe;, J.lUcOv, Bw'wpax,Ee;, eT]e;, opucnc e~wltupa).!lBtKO auvopo).!o, KcO).!U.

E/;ro7tUPU!ltOtKO OUVOPO!lO urtopei vu oUjlj3Ei KUt us uncpsc (SEPU7tEU'ttKee;) OOOEte;.

Xoovia 011A1]'tl1P{aol1: MUKpa x'pnon reov OUOtWV cuteov KUt toiroe; 'tlle; X,Arop7tpo!lu~iVlle; 7tpOKUAei AetJK01tEViu, txrspo UPX,tKa X,OAOO'tU'ttKO, e/;av811!lu, E/;ro7tUPU!ltOtKO OUVOPO!lO KUt opuovucsc; OW'tUpux,Ee;, 07troe; 'tlle; YUAUK'tOQ)opiue;, EjljlllVT]e; pUolle; xrn UU/;l1ol1 SupwelOtKtie; OPUO'tllP10'tll'tUe;, yuvutKOjluo'tiu. TtAOe; OE uu xpd x'Ptioll us 1)\jJllAEe; oooete; Q)utVoSetu~tvwv exouv 7tUPU'tllP118Ei j3Aaj3ee; o totx; OQ)SUAjlOUe; K<lt 101Ut'tEPU X,optOUjlQ)tj3 All o'r p os to hto U .

AKe'tOQ)Utvu~ivn, e807tpo7tu~ivn, SetOptou~iVll, SEWSt/;eVn, jlEOO ptou~iVT], it pox,Arop7tepu~iVll, 'tptQ)AO pw1tEpu~ivn, X,AropO- 7tpOjlu~iVT], X,Arop1tPOSt/;evn, Q)Aou<pUtvu~iVll·

Bovaavnouucii sVP11J.la'ta

o 7t000't1KOe; 7tPOoOtOp10jlOe; rcov <pUtvOSEtU~tvWV 0't0 7tAacue oev ex,Et KAtVtKti onuuotc. H rtoto'rucn uvixvetJOll O'tU oupn Emj3ej3(1tWVe1 'tll olayvrooll.

KaKo118EC; VSVPOAl1JT'tlKO OVVOPOIlO

XUPUK'tllpi~E'tUt U7tO ooj3upee; E/;ro7tUPUjltOtKee; eKOllAwoete;, ev'tovllU7tepSep!llU, tux,uKupoiu, U7totUOll ti uxsp ruon, OUYXU- all, aQ)80Vll eQ)ioprooll KUt UU/;l1 all 'tlle; CPK A6yro puj300jlUOAU- 011e;. 'EX,Et 7tUPU'tllPllSei !le'ta U7tO x'OPtiYTlOll Q)AouQ)Utvu~iVT]e; xut 'tPt<PAOU01tEpu~iVlle; .

H uvnuerormon 'tOU OUVOPOjlOU yive'tut us 'tll x'OPtiYll0ll Anvrpoxevtoo (Dantrolene sodium) 1 mg/kg (jleyto'to 50 mg/fioall) KaSE 12 WpEe; U1tO roo OTO!lU'tOe;. E7tiolle; jl7tOpEi vu x'Pllot!l07tOtllS0UV n Bocouoxpurcrtvn U7tO TOU o'tO!lu'toe; 5 mg rpeu; qiopee; rnv nusoc.

Bspans{a

A7tOjlUKPUVOll 'tlle; ouotcr; us susro i) 7tAUOll, x'OPtiYll0ll avSPUKU, KUSUp'ttKOU. Tin 'tll X,OPi)YTlOll tne; t7tEKUKOUaVUe; roe; eusTlKOU U7tapx,et 11 a1tO\jJll Ot1 uvtevoEiKvU'tU1 ue 'to OKE1tt1KO 0't1 snv OUjlj3Ei OUotOVlKti uVTiopuoll 'tlle; KeQ)UAi)e; ti 'tOU uux,evu jl7tOpEi vo OU!lj3Ei sicpoqmcn eusouurcov. Ttu rnv uvtt!le'twmoll 'tlle; U7tO'tUOlle; !lEPtKOi OuyypuQ)Eie; OUV10'tOUV VU U1tO<pEUYOVtUt 11 vopsmvseotvn KUt 11 vronuutvn 'Ylu'ti'mSuvov va srnrsivouv tllV U7tO'TUoll. H a7tO\jJll UU'tti OEV eXE1 'TEK!ll1P1roSei. Le U7tO'TUOll xopllYOUV'T(1t uypa EVOOQ)Aej3iroe; xm 't01t08E'tehUt 0 uo8evtic; o-rn 8eall Trendelenburg. Edv OEV U7toOwoouv 'TU usou nurri rore Ylve'TU1 XPi)ol1 'TllC; vro-ruuivnc (1tPW'Tll emAoyi)) i) vopemvscotvnc.

H 1tPOKAll'tti 01OUPll0ll 01troe; K(1t 11 UtjlOOtUJ..tOll OEV outve'tU1 vu u7toOioouv. AvuQ)tp811KE 'teAEtJ'tuiu OT111 (1t!l001i)811011 us oTi)J..Ee; aV8PUKU 7tt8uvwe; stvrn U7tO'TeAeOjlUTlKi). 0epU7tEiu 01tUoucov us OW~E1tajlll. Fie 'TO e/;ro7tUpUjlt01 KO ouvo POjlO aptotu U7tO'TEAEOjlU'TU OioE111j311tep10ivll. L'tll x,poviu 011AlltllPiuOll0tUK07ti) 'TOU Q)UpjlaKOU. Ttu 'tll I3meptoiV11 I3Ae1te UV'Tioo'Tu.

Ot 07tOUOu10tepee; ouotsc 'Trov Q)Utv08EtU~tvWV stvni:

Aoyro 'tlle; jlEyaATje; xptiolle; 'toue; o'tll SEPU7tEU't1Ki) 01 011 All'tllP1aOE1e; U7tO 'tux,uise; it oxomusr; Ai)\jJete; ti U7tO u1tepl3uoll 00- ooJ..oyiue; etvci oux,vee;. IloAAte; Q)opee; eKollAwvOV'tu1 uvem8ujlll'tEe; svspvsu«; U1tO OX,ETlKa !llKpee; OOOEte;, 101Ui'tEPU o'ru nmOta, 1tOU qxrtvsrrn on etvoi etJul0811'tU. H uAo7teptOoAll U1tOppO<patU1 eUKoAu K(1t <p8ave1 0't0 jleY10tO 11 oUYKtV'tProoll o ro 7tAaO!lU jlETa 2-6 ropee;. Oi U\jJllAEe; Tljlee; oueoc 01U'tllPOUV'T(1t ytU 72 wpee; Kat UV1x,vEUe'TUt UKOjlU 'TO Q)ap!lUKO 'tllV 511 nuspu.

Tn OUjl1tTW!lU'tU, 10iroe; 'TU e/;ro1tupUjltOtKa, ouvi)8roe; Ku8uOtEPOUV vu EjlQ)uvt080uv 01troe; KUt Ku8uo'tepouv vn U7toX,ropi)oOUV.L'tllV upxi) U1tapx,e1U7tVT]Aiu K(1t u7t(18eta, KEQ)UAUAyiU KUt UKOAou80uv 'tu <patVO!lEVU ouo'Toviue; KUt OUOKU!l\jJ{Ue;. 'Etm suQ)uVi~0V'TU11tPOOnAroOn I3Aejljlu'TOe;, rpouoc, PU1j30KpuVO, UKU- 810iu, ouoKu'tu1tooiu, OUOKujl'Viu. 'EXEt uvuQ)ep8Ei U1tBptuoll.

espa nsia

A1tOllciKPUVOTJ IlE BIlE'to ij nAUOTJ, xoPt'iYTJOTJ civ8paKa. Fro ru; EC,C01tUpo.ll1.0ll-CBC; EKOTJA,cOOE1.C; xoPt'iYTJOTJ I3t1tEp1.oivTJC; OE 00- OTJ 0,06 mg/kg. H OOOTJ urtopet vu E1tUVUATJcp8Ei. E1tE1.0t'i TJ opa.oTJ ron CPUPIla.KOU crov opvcvtouo nupa't'EivSTat, XPEla.1:j:Tat 1tUpaKoAou8TJoTJ ylU 48-72 cOpEC;.

:E't'a n(llOla. uzropsi vti 1tpOKaA,BOOUV a't'ul;ia, 01t'ttKBC; KupiroC; rtnpat08t'i OEtC; 1tOU urropsi vn S1t1IlBVOUV. Ko.tu Kpo. 't'TJoTJ oupcov, uxouotc SV't'SP1KcOV t'ix,cov, Ka't'ao't'oAt'i K.N.:E. 1tOU cp8a.VEtIlBX,Pl xeouuroc, o1tuvicoC; OIlCOC; 40u l3u8llou, Ka't'uo't'oAt'i 't'TJC; avunvonc.

:EOI3UPEC; OTJA,TJ't'TJPlo.0E1C; IlS 't'P1KUKA,lKo. UVT1.Ka't'a8A11tnKo.

Ka't'aA,t'iyouv OE U1tOTUOTJ, onuollouc;, KcOlla Kat OOI3UPEC; Kat E1t1- Kivouvsc; appu8IliEC;.

I01.uiTspu U1tO 't'o KapOWYYElaKO cuornuu unopst vti U1ta.pl;ouv OUIl1tTcOIlU't'U 1tOAU cojlupd. LuXVa. 01 8a.va't'01 Uno OTJA,TJTTJpta.OE1C; IlS 't'P1KUKAU(a. ocpS{A,OVT(ll o-ru; 't'OC,lKEC; Opa.OE1C; o rnv KapOto.. To OUX,VO't'SPU OUIl1tTeDIlU't'a a1to rnv KapOta. stvrn:

Y1tEpK01A,laKt'i t'i K01.A,1(lKt'i 't'UXUKapo{a. MEP1.KOC; t'i 1tA.t'iPTJC; KOA,1tOK01.A,taKOc; a1tOK A,Ela 1l0C;, EV't'OVTJ I3puouKupoiu, K01A,tU Kt'i unpuupuvn. 01 TJASKTpOKupol0ypacplKEC; OlU't'apax,EC; 1tOU stvrn SVOS1K'ttKEC; OTJA,TJ't'TJPla.OECOC; stvm: CpA,sl3oKo1l131Kt'i 't'ax,uKapoia, 1tapa't'aoTJ roo 01uo't't'illuTOC; S- T, KOA,1tOK01A,laKOC; anoKAE101l0C; it OteupuvoT) t ou OUIl1tA,EYllaToc; QRS. L't'o TSAWTUio uuro SUpT)Ila u':tooios't'{l1 t01.UhEPT) OTJIlUoia, Yla't'i U1tOOT)A,OOVSl 't'TJ l3apu't'TJ't'a 't'TJC; OTJAT)'t'TJPiuoTJC;.

Tn nupuno.vco OUIl1t't'eDlla't'a Ellcpavi~ov't'u1. 1-2 cOpsC; UnO TTJ A,it'llTJ SVeD o1tuvicoC; unopsf va EIlCPav1.080uv xru IlE't'a 18-24 OOpEC;. 'Exouv oUIl13Ei (ltCPViOWl 8civu't'ot IlsX,pt 6 TJIlBPSC; U1tO 't'TJ A,t'i'llTJ KUl EXOUV a1t0008Ei cs C,UCPV1.KTJ uppu8llia. H uinvosptvn xm TJ vouupsvotvn SXOUV xupto»; Ka't'aoTaA,'t'tKt'i opa.OTJ Kat 1tOAU A,tYO't'SpO 't'OC,tKij opaoT) O't'T)V KUpOta..

ANTIKATA0AITITIKA

~TJATJ't'TJP1.a.OEtC; IlE rc cpaplluKa au't'a. stvut ouxvsc; A,oyco TTJC; EupEiac; x,pi]OTJC; TOUC;. XPTJO"lIlOn01ouV<{l1 a1to a't'ollu nOU t'iOTJ SXouv 't'a.OE1C; mrroxrovtnc; xut STat 0 Kivouvoc; stvci IlEya.AOC; OTU UPX1Ka OTo.01U xptv aKOIlU EKOTJAco8Ei TO euepveruco U1tOTEA,Eoun TOU cpaplla.Kou. 0u npSnE1. va OtEUKptvl08Ei o n 0Pl0IlBVSC; ouotsc osv UVt'iKOUV XTJlltKOOC; OTU 't'P1.KUKA,lKa., UA,A,o. oc.ouuxoA,OytKcOC; EXOUV T1.C; ioteC; Opa.OE1C; xrn yt' nero 1tEPlYpacpov't'(lt Ila~i.

TPIKVKA.IKa: All t't'p11t't'uA,ivTJ, Alloc,anivTJ I Kxoumpuutvn, IIl11tPUllivTJ, Aoc,u1tivTJ, Aoosnpnutvr], N't'EO"l1tPUlliVT), Noprpt- 1t't'uA,ivT), IIpoTpt1t't'uA,ivT), Tpunrcpuutvn ..

TSTpaKVKA.IKaii Suupooa: BEVAUcpuc,iVll, BtAoc,a1;,iVll, MinvOEpiVT), Munpo't'lA,ivTJ, Tpa~ov<ovT).

Ot 1tapu1to.vco oootsc U1t0PPOCPOOVTUt SUKOA,a KUl OUVOSOVTal os lleyo.A,O l3u81l0 IlE r«; 1tPCO't'eiVEC;, oxore OtBPX,OV<{l1 o'rouc 10't'OUC; Kat yt' nuro TO. Sni1tEOa o-ro ctuo stvm x,UIlTJA,a. AOKOUV OPo.oT) OTO K.N.L. Kat o't'TJV Kapoul. 0a.va't'01 EX,OUV oUlll3si IlE 5 ypall. OE EVllA,iKOUC;, 500-750 rug OE vsupo 16 E't'OOV, 250 mg NTEoorpuutvn«; os 2 sroiv I3pBcpoc;. ['SV1Ka. oooTJ 10-20 mg/kg etvnt 't'OC,lKTJ K{l1 30-40 rug/kg urcopst vu stvru 8uva't'T1CPopoC;.

Bovoacnoiaxa euonuara

To. 8EpanEUTtKo. sninsou ym 't'a nEPlaOOTEpa 't'ptKUKA,tKa.

UV't'1KUTU8A,t1t't'lKo. xuuctvovrm a1to 0,1-0,3 ug/rnl, EVeD dvoi TCOV 0,5 ug/'ml U1ta.px,ouv "C'Oc,lKa OUIl1t't'rollu't'u. Lol3upsc; SKOTJAroOStC; ouvOOSUOVT{l1 U1tO S1tt1tEOa 1ta.vco a1to 1 ug/rnl,

IVWTrTWJ.L a Ta

2TJ porrrru O't'OIlU't'OC;, lluopiaoTJ, Tax,uKapoiu, uuc,TJOTJ nvrnvn KAacr't'lKcOv IlE nt8UVOTTJ't'a rovi KOKAOVtKOOV 01tUOllcOV.

Bspan:s{a

IIpoKAT)oTJ EIlE't'OU t'i yao't'p1.Ki] 1tA,ucrTJ cxouc K{l1 av EXOUV m:pa.crEl 12 cOPEC; U1tO 't'TJ A,t'i\llTJ.

o EV€PYO~ UV8paKa~ rrpocpocc tKaV01tOtTJnKU 'ta 'tP1KUKA.tKU. 'EX,Et U1tOA.OY10'8Ei On 4 ypaJ.1l.uipta 'tptKUKA.1KcOV xpoopo<pcOv'tat,a1to 100 ypall. av8paKa.

Kat va A.TJcp8Ei TJA.EK'tpoKapolOypaCPTJJ.1Cl. LUJ.11t'tcOJ.1a'ta xrn 10tairspc OtCl'tClpClx,e~ Cl1tO 'to HKr O'UJ.1j3Clivouv O''tTJV 1tA.€lOVO'tl1'ta 'tOW n€pm'tcOO'EWV J.1EO'a O'n~ 1tPcO't€~ 6 cOP€~. Edv Kat J.1E'ta 'tt~ 6 WP€~ napaJ.1ev€t €A.EUeEpO~ ano Kae€ O'ull1t'tWIlCl 01 1tteav6't11'tE~ vc aVCln'tu!;€t O'ull1t'tWJ.1a'tCl stvci uucpsc. A0'8EV€i~ J.1E O'UIl1t'tWIlCl'tCl to''tW Kat x,wpi~ vn €iVClt Cl1tO 'tTJV KClPOtU, 8Cl 1tpe1tEt vu VOO'TJA.EUOV'tat Kat va 1tClPClKOA.OUeOUV'tClt J.Lex,pt vc nupuuetvouv X,Wp{~ O'uJ.11t'tcOJ.1a'ta.

AO'eEVEi~ J.L€ O'UJ.11t'tWJ.1Cl'tCl xrn l1A.€K'tPOKClpoloypacptK£~ Ota'tClpax,e~ 1tpe1tEl vn €lO'ayoV'tat O'€ J.LOvao€~ EV'tCl'ttKij~ 8EPCl1tEiCl~.

nOAAonA1j xop1jY1}O'1} av8pOKO

'Ex,€t 1t po'ta8Ei TJ J.1£8000<; ClU'tij J.1€ 'to O'KE1t'tt KO O'tl €1t€toij J.1EpO<; 'tWV 'tptKUKA.tKWV a1t€KKpiV€'tat J.LE 'tTJ X,OA.T] Kat o-ro O'tOJ.1ax,o xm €nClVa1tOPPo<pwv'tat, 8a 1tapEJ.1nooio€t 'tOY KUKA.O ClU'tO.

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BappnOUplKCt

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To apX1KCt OUIJ,1tTWlJ,aTa €ivat U1tVllA,ia, aUyxuoTl. AKOA,OU- 9Ei KOOlJ,a IJ.E IJ.U1Kn urovta, u1t08€plJ,ia, U1tOTaaTl, KaTCtpYlloTl cvrcvo KJ.,aoT1 KWV, o1ta vio rspo eK1tTWOTl eve 1tVOn~, KU6.VWOTI. H j3apuTllTa xm n OlCtpK€la TOU KWlJ,aTO~ Ec,apTWVTat o.no TTl 00- Oll xm TO eioo~ 'rOU j3apj3HoUptKOU. H Ot6.PKEta TOU KOOlJ.aTOt; OE 1t€pt1tTWa€t~ 1tOU €1te~Tloav unopsi vc 1tapaTa9€i lJ.expt 7 nuspee. To j3u90~ TOU KWlJ.aTO~ U1tOOTlA,WVEt Kat TTl coficporrrrc TTlt; OTlJ.,llTllpiaaTl~ .

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nu80"(VWIlOVtKE<;, ,,(ta'ti EXOUV nePl,,(pUcp€l Kat cs o.AAe<; 011A11't11- plo.Oel<; (CO, lle8UOOV11, 'tptKUKA.1Ko. cvtuc u'tU8A.l11'tlK 6:).

Kap p al1a~E nivTJ

XP1101llOnOlei'tUt xupto»; W<; av'tl81tlA.111t'ttKO cp6.PllaKo. L8 8epa1tCUnKE<; 0008t<; U1tOppocpo.'tUt 'to 700/0 1t8pi1tou KUt 111l8"(UAU't8P11 0't6.81l11 OTO 1tA.o.0IlU cp8o.VEl 08 30 1tepi1tOU WP8<;, 8VcO os U1tEpOOOOA.o,,(iu Ku8uOTEP8i IlEXPl 72 WPe<;. H U1t0J30A.i1 ,,(iV8'tat xupto»; U1tO 'tOU<; VecpPOU<;.

Epyaa'r1]pWKd evpt'f/.wra

Oi 'tlIlB<; 'tWV J3UpJ3l'tOUP1KWV OTO uillu/1tA.6.ollu etvm EVOetKTtKB<; 't11<; J3UPU't11'tU<;, UAA.a 8u 1tpB1tel vc ouoXB'ti~ov'tUt KUt IlB

't11V KA.lVtKTt elKOVU. .

Tursc; 1taVW uno 3 mg/dl J3UPl3l'tOUptKwV J3pux.Eiu<; opaa11<; 8ewpouv'tat e1tlKtVOUVE<;, eVW vio, 't11 CPUlVol3upl3t'taA.11 mivw U1tO 8 mg/dl.

Tol;lK6r1]ra

06.vu't0<; eXEt1tUpU't11P118Bi us 60 vpou. os EvTtA.tKO, BVcO B1tE~110B EV"A.1KO<; 118 30 ,,(PUjl. Kat 1tUlOla, 6 E'tWV us 10 "(PUll. Kat 3 ercov ue 5 YPUIl. 0EpU1tCUnKo. E1ti1tEOU nA.6.ollu'tO<; 4-8 ug/rnl,

@8pa1rs{a

Anoudxpovcn 'tou ououdxo» 000 'to Suvo.rov avcopirspn jl€ 1tPOKA11011 suerou " 1tA.U011 o'tOjlo.xou. ITAuo11 81tlX81P8i'tat Kat orev U1taPXEt KWjlU. ucpou 1tP011Y118Et 8VOO'tPUX€tUK" OlaOWA.,,VW011· L't11 OUVEX€la XOP11Y8i'tUl av8paKu<; KUt aA.u'toUx.o xu- 8Up'tlKO.

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I'm rnv unojlaKpUvo11 'tOU cupuuxo» a1to 'tOY opvoviouo €cpapIlO~e'tUt 1tPOKA.11't" OtOUP11011 1tOU aXEt KUAo. anO'tEAEOIlUTU, 10tui't8pa Y1U 't11 q>atVol3upl3t'taA.11. H UA.KaAOnoi11011 TWV 015- pWV (PH TOUA.aXto'tov 7,5) auc,avEl 't11v U1t8KKpl011. deY outveTUl va 130118aBl OTa J3puX8ia<; Spd onc.

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EVj..L1rrwj.wra

Ncurtn, EjlE'tO<;, 'tuxuKupoiu, uPX1Ka auc,11011 uvruvmcxuo nKcOV Kat xurornv EA.a't'tW011, jlUlKE<; oucxdcsic, rpouoc, a88'tWO1Kt<; KlvTt08l<;, omoeorovoc, u'tu~iu, jluopia011, vuoruvuoc, KWuu, oxocuot O'tU uucpri 1tatOla, Ka'taOTOA" UVU1tVO,,<;, avoupia, oA.l"foupia " B1tiOX8011. 'Exouv 1t€ptypucp€i KapOlaK8<; UPPU8Ilie<;.

@spa1rsia

deY U1taPX€l uvrtooro. 'Busroc ri 1tA.U011 aK6jl11 KUt av EXOUV 1t€paOE14 cOp8<;. XOP"Y11011 av8paKa KUt Ku8upnKou. Ave-rue- 08'tUl 11 unoKUAtaljlia xm at o1taojloi aVTtIl8TW1ti~ov'tat jlE ota~€1tajl11. Edv 1tapa't11P1188i KupotuKiI uppu8jliu 8a 1tpe1tet vn 1tUpaKoA.ou8ei'tut crrevu. H XOP"Y11011 av8puKu O€ 81taV8tA.11jljlEVE<; 0008t<; 8BWpei'tUt 6n stvm 1tOA.U U1tO't8A.EOllaTtKtl o'rnv nvrtusrcomcrn 't11<; 011A.11't11Piuo11<; IlB Kapl3ajla~Eniv11· XOP11"(OUVTUt 50 "(pajlllapta av8paKa Ka8E 4 WPB<; yta 24-48 Wp8<;.

H atjloKa8upo11 usoco av8paKa EXet XP110ljlO1t0l1188i av Kat 11 U1tOllaKpUVOjlEV111tOOO't11TU 81VUt IllKPil. M1tOPEi vn €cpapjlO- 08Ei O€ J3upli<; 1t€Pl1t'tWOE1<;.

Ioxuouv oou nvurpspovrrn o'ru J3upl3l'touplKa.

AupmVUAUO(l'to'ivTJ (Phenytoin)

AV'tl€1tlA111tTtKO - uvriuppoaunco. Anoppoedrm €UKOA.a urto 'to 1t81t'ttKO KUl11 opao11 rou nupuratvarm. Me'tuJ30A.i~B'tal o-ro i11tap KUt oi jl€'tUI30At't8<; a1toJ3aA.Aov'tal o ru oupc.

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@UVUTD~OPO~ OOO'D 5 YPU~IlUPlQ.

EVf..l1rTWf..laTa: Nnurfn , eusroc, ~UAD, KE~UAUAyiu, rpouoc, u'tu1;iu, vuq'tuy~6~ 7tot)~7topBi vn KpU't"O'BlIlEPtKE~ D~epEC;. A,,- 9upyoC;, xrouo. E1tuv\Q BPUOUKUpoiu KUl U7tBPyAUKU1~iu.

EE XPOV1U XP"O'D EXOUV uvu~Bp9Bi 010YKCOO'D 'tcov OUM:uV, 7tUPE'tOC;, BAaBD "7tUTOC;.

eepanEwTIKa enineoa: 5-20 ug /ml, E'tu 30-40 ug./rnl B~~Uvi~OV'tU1 'to';lKU ~U1VO~EVU.

eepaneia: A7tO~UKpUVO'D IlE E~ETO" 1tAUO'D O'TO~UXOU, XoP"YDO'D av9pUKU Kat Ku9upnKOU. Am7t" uyroy" oourrrcoucenK". Avnuerormcn 'tllC; U7tEPyAUKU1~iuC;. H U1~OKU9upO'D ~E o-rnAEC; UV8PUKU O'UVlO'TU'tU1 O'B Bup1e~ Ku'tuO''taoB1C;.

eepa1reia: A1tO~UKpUVO'D TOU ~up~a KOU IlB tllETO " 1tAUO'D, XOP"YDO'D av9puKu. Am1t" uycoy" O'u~1t'tCOIlU'tlK", H UlIlOOl1'i9DO'D sivm U1to'tEAEO'~U'tlKTj.

@EPU1tEUT1Ka B1ti7tEOU E90oou1;1IlioDC; 30-50 ug/rnl.

NAPK!!TIKA CllAPMAKA

"Omo KUl OmoElcSf)

BaJ.7tpOlKO V(i'tPIO

H OIlUOU uU'tij 1tEP1AU~BuVB17tOAAEC; OUOiBC;, 7tOU EXOUV ~BV nc; iOLSC; ~UPIlUKOAOYtK€C; OPUO'E1C;, uAAa OlQ~EPOUV roc; 1tPOC; 'to Bu8~0 opaO'DC; roue. 01 OUOiBC; UUTtC; XPDat~07t01OUV'tU1 EUpU'tUTU roc; «vupxcrmcc» U1tO 'tU EAU~PO'tBPU (KcooEiVD) roc; 'tU «O'KADpa» (npcotvn). MEP1KE~ U7tO nc; OUO'iEC; UU'tEC; stvrn: AAounpovnvn, A1UOPOKroOBivD, Hpcotvn, KrooEiVl1, MB9u06Vll, Mop~{VD, Onfou O'KEUUO~U'tU, TIB910ivD, Yopouopotvn, <DEVTUVUAD.

Xpnoiuonoierrui roc; UV'ttB7tlAD1tTlKO. AOO'D 200 mg/kg €XBl 1tpOKuAeO'B1 Krollu O'B Bpe~oc;. EE Xp6vlQ 8BPU1teiu tXBl UVU~EP- 8Bi D7tUTO'to1;lKO'tD'tU, 1tUYKPBU'thtOU, yUO'TPEV'tEP1KEC; 01UTUPUxec;, BAaBD TOU ~UEAOU 'troy OO'TroV.

EVf..l1rTWf..laTa: Nmrrtn, t~BTOC;, ~aA D, u'tu1;iu, \JIBUOU10'8ijO'B1C;, ~UOD, Kro~U. 'EXE11tEp1ypU~ei UAro1tBKiu Kat uu1;DOD 'tpUVouuwuocov. @Bpa7tBU'tlKa B1tl1tEOU 50-100 ug/rnl. E1ti1tBOU 7tUvm U7tO 100 ug/rnl OUVOOEUOV'tU1 IlB KUTUO''tOAij TOU KNE, BVro 7tavro u7t6 180 ug/rnl O'UVOOBUOVTat ~~ KroIlU.

eepaneia: A1tO~aKpuvO'D (€IlBTOC; ij 1tAUOD), XOP"YDO'D riv- 9pUKU. Am7tij uyroy" oou.xrcouurucr]. AVU~€PB'tU10'tt D rnuodtij8DoD unoOiOE1.

EVf..lnTWf..laTa

H KUPW opaoD rcov ~Up~UKCOV aUTrov UVU~EPE'tU1 o'ro KNL O~e(a 0Tt).:T/T1}p(aOTt U1tO BO'CO'tBP1K" Aij\JID " 1tUPEV'tBP1KroC;.

TIPOKUAEl KUTUOTOA" TOU KNE, Kol~a, €V'tOVll uuon, B1t17t6AUlQ UVU7tVO", xucvoxrn, U0'8BV" o~uy~o, U7tO'tUOD Kat O'7tUVtU revsu- 1l0V1KO oiOD~U. M1tOPBi vu E~~UV109Bi ~uopiuO'D O'E uno1;iu " o1;ecooD.

H nE918ivD npoKuABi A1y6'tBPO KUTUO''tOA" UVU1tvoijc; Kat 7tBptOOO'tBPO 01taO''tlK(JTD'tU rmv ~urov aKO~U KU1 onaO'~ouc;. TsV1KU 0 8UVUTOC; ano cvcorveuo-mcn aVBnapKB1U uxopet vu OU~BBi O'B 2-4 roPEC;.

Xpovia f..lopqnj: Eivui D E1;up'tDO'D KUt 0 E910~0C;. EVf..lnTWf..laTa OTSPTt0T/t;: H BapuTDTa TOUC; B1;upTaTu1 uno 'to Ba81l0 B1;up'tDODC;, 'tDV aTOlltKo'tDTU KUt TO BiooC; TDC; oootuc. ApXt~ouv ~EOU OB AiYBC; roPEC;, ~9uvouv OTO ~EY10TO O'nc; 36-72 roPEC; Kat ~B'ta Bu91l DOOV U7tOXropOUv. Tn O'U~1t'troIlU'tU 7tEptAallBavouv KB~UAUAY{U, ~U1KO rpouo, UVDouxia, B~i8pcoOD, WBPB-

EOU~lVa'.llcS1Ka 1tupaycoyu

E900'0u1;1~i8D, ME800'0u1;1IliOD, <l>atVOO'OU1;l~{OD. XPDatIlO- 1tOlOUVTat Y1a OP10~tVEC; 1l0P~EC; B1ttADwiac;.

EVf..lnTWf..laTa: Nuurtu, €IlB'tOC;, ~aAD, KE~aAaAyia, KUTaO''toA" KNE, xoruu, aTa1;iu, U7tVDAtU " sixpoptn, ~co'to~oB{a, 1tapK1VO'OV1KU ~a1V6~Bva, OlaTapuXEC; TllC; ouunspupopdc, BAUBD ijnuToc;. LE XPOVtU XPijoD eXouv 1tapaTllPD9Ei OEPllaTlKU E1;uv- 8ij~a'ta Ka1 Ola'tapaxtc; 't1lC; muoztotnonc,

8to"tonrra, vuurfu , suero, avopsi;ia, ouipPota, jlUtKE<:; ouo nriOEt<:; 'tOU unoyao'tpiou Kat rrov aKpcov, 'taxuocpuYjlia, 'taxt'mvota, jluopiaolJ, ao1;1)o11 ap'tllpt((Ktl<:; nisoll<:;, oaKpOppota, pwoppom, cp'tapvtojla, XaojlOUPll'tO, atinvia.

Xpovia oT/),,;rrrT/p{aoT': 'PWOa108tloEt<:;, anWAEta l3apou<:;, us'tal3oATJ rou xapaK'ttlpa, anool.OPyav(r)o11 rou vonrucou. 'Oruv XPll01jlonotshat ano 'tll jlU'tll €iva1 xapaK'tllP10nKtl 11 Ota'tPll- 011 rou P1V1KOU omcppaYjla'to<:;.

E'Jspanela

O~Eia OT/AT/TT/piaoT/: AnollaKpuvoll 'tll<:; ouotnr; IlS EjlS'tO ij nAuoll, XOPtlYlloll uv8paKa Ka1 Ka8ap'tlKoU. na rnv Ka'tao'toAtl 'tll<:; avanvotl<:; XOPllYEhat 11 vaAoi;ovll (j3AEns OSA. 22).

"AAAa uetoa: A1a'ttlPll0ll 'tll<:; 8EPlloKpaoia<:;, xopijYll0ll rcov anapahll'tcov uypwv, av'tljlE'tcl)1ttOll rou SVOSXOIlSVOU rtveuuoviKOU OlOtllla'to<:;. rEV1KU o'tEVtl napaKoAou811011 Yla 24 WPE<:;.

Xpovia OT/AT/TT/P{aoT/-E(}toJ.l6~: Anmretrrn E10tKtl uvnuercontoll OE EtOlKa Ksvrpn us rnv Ka800tlYll0ll slolKa EKnatOEUjlEYOU rt poocomxoo,

0spaJrefa

O~eia OT/AT/TT/piaoT/: H 8spanEia etvni uxoornoucrucri. AxojlUKPUVOll rou cpapjlaKOU (sueroc; tl nAuoll), uv8paKa<:;, ola'ttlPlloll cvunvonc, Y1a 'tOU<:; cztuououc ola1;,snajlT\. na rnv 'taxuKapoia ij appU8jl1E<:; nponpavoAoAll. H uxorucn cvnuerconi1;,s'tat ue uypa napSV'tEp1KW<:; Kat oE avuYKll XOPllYEi'tal V'tOnajliVll·

napau:r811 (noy6va

IIpoooX7J

H XOPrlYlloll 'tll<:; vaAoi;oVll<; OE E810jlEVOU<:; rl OE vsovvd E81- OjlEV(r)V unrsocov uxopst va npOKaAEOE:t svrovn Kat EmKivouva oUlln'tWlla'ta o'teplloll<:;.

IVJ.lJrTWJ.laTa oTePT/oT/~; XpSta1;,E'tat St01Kij uvrurercomon.

H ouVtl811<:; jlE8ooo<; stvm va aV't1Ka'tao'ta8Ei 11 ouotu rrou xpoKaAsi rnv s1;ap'tlloll ue UAAll A1YO'tSPO OpaO'tlKtl.

Ta cpapjlaKa au'ttl<:; 'tll<:; Ka'tllyopia<:; nEp1Aajlj3uvouv 'to LSD (01at8uAajlioll rou AUOEPY1KOU o1;eo<:;), 'If tAO otu niVT) , jlsoKaAivll, xapllivll, urzouxcdvn Ka1 uxouoorsvtvn.

AOOll rou LSD 3Sjlg uzropst va npoKaAeos1napat08tlost<:;, svw IlsyaAu'tEps<:; 000E1<:; sivm EmKivouvE<:;.

IvJ.l JrTWJ.l aTa

Nuurto , susroc, aVllouxia, scpiop(r)o11, oaKpuppota, 'lfuxcoO1Ke<:; avnopaoEl<:;, a'tai;ia, unEp'taoll (onaVta unOTaol1), jluopia- 011, unEp8spjlia, aui;11011 aV'tavaKAaO'tlKWV, 'tPOIlO<:;, oxcouot. AKolla On'tlKE<; Kat aKOUO'tlKE<; napat08tloSt<:;, 'lfEUOUl08rlOE1<;, ola'tapaXE<:; cuu nepupopdc, aV't10paoEl<:; naVtKOU.

H xoxntvn npoKaAsi 'to/;lKe<:; opaos1<:; orov XOPl1ysi'tat ano onOtaotlno'ts 000. l:'tl1v apXtlnpOKaAEi oleYEpoll ron KNl: Kat Ka'tomv Ka'tao'toA".

IVJ.lnTWJ.la'ra

O/;sia 011Al1'tllPiao11. APXtKW<; npoKaAsiTa1 'taxuKapoia, EUEPE810'to'tll'ta, 'lfEUOat08"oSl<:;, jlUOpiaoll, rcovoc oro S1ttyao'tplO, ejlE'tO<:;, jlU1KE<; ouonaOS1<:;. AKOAou8Ei aVWjlaAll cvuxvon, on aouot, KUKAOCPOptKij eKn't(r)o11, KcOjla. 0 8ava't0<:; uxopsi va OUIlI3Ei 'taXu'ta'ta " usrc 1-3 cOPE<:;.

E'Jspa neia

EA<l't't(r)Ol1 rtov S/;CO'tEP1KWV SPS810 jla'tcov, uno o 'ttl Pl/;l1 avanv0tl<:;, av'tljls'tWmol1 unEp8spjlia<;. Fin 'tOU<:; onaollou<:; Kat 't11V unspj30Al KTj aVllouxia XOP11YSlTat ola1;,snajl 11. Ano<PEUYE'tat 11 XA(r) pon po u a1;,iv11.

TIpo rt Ol;l)(P ut VlJ.

@6paJreia: TIA,uO'TJ O''tOj.Lo.xou n 1tPOKA,TJO'TJ ej.lE'tOU, xoonvnO'TJ av8pu KU, O'Uj.L1t'troj.lU'ttKn uyroyTl. EA.o.'t'troO'TJ £~ro'teplKWV epa- 810'j.l0.'troV KUt 1tpoO''tuO'iu U1tO £vo£X,Oj.l£vo mrro-rpuuurrrtouo ron u'toj.lou. H OlOUpTJO'TJ l3oTJ8a£1 vn u TJv U VU1t'tUX8Ei I3A,o.l3TJ rcov ve<.ppwv u1t6 'tTJ uuoorputpivoopin. H OtU~£1to.j.LTJ x,oPTJy£i'tat ytU TTJV KU'taO'TOA,Tl. l:TTJV U1tEPTUO'TJ vrrpoxpcocouco vnr pio.

'O'tUV O'uvovu0'8Ei us UA. KOOA.TJ KUt U1tVro'tlKo. e{YUl.1tOA.U smKivOUVTJ. 'Ornv Y{V£TUt xcnen O''tTJV £YKUj.lOO'UVTJ j.l,.ropd vu 1tUpouO'tu0'8d O'UVOpOj.LO OTEPTJOTJ~ 0't0 VEOyEVVTJ'tO.

LUJ,lJr,roJ,laTa: l:£tpo. OUj.L1t'troj.lo.'trov unoost vn ej.l<.puvt08Ei.

Eivm x,apu K'tTJ pio-ruco o n £VW 'to 1t porro 24ropo TU O'Uj.L1t'twj.laTU uxopst vn j.LTJV stvm ool3upu KUl TJ UVUVTJ\IITJ vn outverrn rn- 8uvij, at<.pvloiro~ Ej.l<.pavi~ov'tUl E1tlKiVOUVE~ £KOTJA,cOO'£t~ U1tO TO KNl:, 'tTJV KUPOlo. KUl 'to UVU1tVEUOTlKO. Nnurta, Ej.LETO~, 'tuxuKupoia, u1tep'tuoTJ tl u1to'taO'TJ, orttiviu KUP0taKtl nvmcomi. Kupiro~ OJ.Lro~ U1tUPXOUV EKOTJA,WO'Et~ a1to 'to KNI: 01tro~ ouyxuO'TJ, 1taput0'9tlO'el~, u'ta~ia, iA,tYYo~ KUt omA.w1tia, uuon, oxuouot. TEA.o~ Ka'tuO''tOA.tl roo KNI: KUt xupto»; TOU KEV'tpOU 'tTJ~ evaztvoric; us E1tl1tOA.UtTJ nvurtvof KUt 9o.vu't0 a1to avu1tVeuo'ttKij EK- 1t'troOTJ .

G>ava'tTJ<.popo~ oooTJ uxopet va stvut 0,5 vpuuunptou. 'EXEt 1tE9aVEt 1tuloi j.LE 260 mg. Tevucu U1tOA.Oyi~E'tUl OE 20mg/kg.

eepaJr6ia: A1toj.LuKpUVOTJ rou <.papj.lUKOU j.LE Ej.le'to tl 1tA.UO'TJ, x,oPTl'fllO'TJ uv9puKa KUl uA.a'touxou Ku9ap'ttKou. XOPtlYTJO'TJ uypwv xuosvrecuccoc. XOPTl'fllO'TJ o~uyovou. Ttn roue O'1tUouoi»; OtU~E1to.j.LTJ. TEA.o~ x,OPTJyEi'tUl TJ vaA.o~ovTJ 1tOU EiVUl £tOlKO unioo'to, ytu'ti ec,ouoE'tEPWVEt 'tTJ opo.O'TJ O'W KNI: KUt toiro~ o to KEV'tpO 'tTJ~ o.vuxvonc.

Kavvaptc; (MaptxolHlva)

TIEptEX£l 6.-9-'t£'tpuuopoKavvul3w6A.TJ·

LUI.!7rnOJ,laTu: Ncurtn, aVTJO'uxia, 1tapuvoi:KE~ tOEE~, usruJ3oMc; ouurreptoopnc, euooptn, olu'tapaxij 'tTJC; tKUVO'tTJ'tuC; vtn O'UYKEV'tproO'TJ, A.ij9apyoc;, o xuouot, uv'ttOpo.O'w; 1t£1tTlKOU. @6PUJr6lU: l:Uj.L1t'troj.LU nKtl uyroYtl, eA.anroO'TJ £l;ro't£ptKcOV

£p£9tO'j.lu rcov, XOPTlYTJO'TJ 01U~E1tUj.L TJC;.

TIAYl:IllONA

Tn aKE'tUA.oO'UA,tKUA,tKO o~u (uo mptvn) stvm 'to xto vvcoo ro q>o.pj.LaKo. Xpnctuoxotstrm ro~ aVUA,YTJ'ttKO, nvnnuoeruco, nv'tlq>AzYj.Lovrooec;, EVW O'1tuviwC; XPTJO'tj.lo1totei'tm 'to O'UA,tKUA.tKO vnrpto. To O'UA,tKUA,lKO o~u XPTJO'tj.L01totei'tUl O'E Oto.A.Uj.lU ij aA.Olq>tl ytU El;roTEPlKtl xpijO'TJ (Kepu'tOA.UTtKO).

To O'aA.tKUA.lKO j.LE8uA.lO atvm 'to KUPlO ouo rc ruco O'E 1tOA.A.£~ aA.otq>tc; KUl OtUA.uj.Lu'ta uvnppeuu c.tucd.

H U1tOppo<.pTJO'TJ rcov O'aA.lKUA.tKcOV A.aj.ll3o.vEl x,cOpa O'TO oroj.Laxo (uucpo 1t00'00''t0) Kat xopto»; o ro nvorrepo 'tj.ltlj.la 'tOU A.E- 1t'tou EV'ttpOU.

Ixuvorrorrrruco E1ti1tEOO 0''t0 utun I3piO'KE'tal O'E 30' j.LE'tU a1to a1tA.Tl OOO'TJ Kat q>9aVEt o-ro j.LEYlO''tO O''ttC; 2 cOpEC;. H a1toppo<.pTJO'TJ ano 'to op90 stvm I3paou'tEPTJ xm a'teA.ij~ Kat O'E 1tEpm'tWO'w:; 1tOU a1tat'touv"CUt u\IITJA,ec; OUYKEV't pwO'w:; 0''t0 1tA.o.O' un OEV O'UVlO''tU'tat Tj OOOC; au'tTl, To O'aA,tKUA,tKO o~u a1toppoq>(l'tm a1to 'to UYtEC;

Xpnotuortotetrm ro'e; ouotn 1tOU 1tpOKaA,Et euqioptu U1tO 'to 1967 j.LE 'to ovouc «oK6vTJ rou uyy£A.ou» o ru; HilA.

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TO~lI'dc; 8paaezc;

Tn ao.A.tKUA.1K<1 ae TO~lKB<; ooaEl<; EPESt~OUV aTO KNL. uxsuSe:ict<; TO KEVTPO TTJ ~ nvunvonc Kat rt POKctA.OUV unspnvoiu xrn TctxUnvoto. us o.nOTEA.EaJla o.U~TJJlEVTJ anWA.Eta COl, nTcbaTJ TOU PCOl_JlE <1VOOO TOU pH TOU ctiJlo.TO~ Kat STat aTTJ q><1aTJ nUT" uvnxrucosrm cvunvsunrucn o.A.K<1A.roaTJ. 01. vsopot, JlE TOV nvTlaTct8JllaTtKO JlTJxo.vtaJlo rtou 01.0.8BTOUV yta vn E~laoppon"aouv TTJV o.A.K<1A.roaTJ ctUT" Ko.TctKpo.TOUV XA.roptoUXo. Kat ctnol3<1A.A.OUV vdrpio, K<1A.lO xrn OlHctVSpctK1.Ka. ·ETa1. aTTJ q>aaTJ ctUTTt TO pH TOU o.iJlctTO~ TpB1t&TUl. npor; TO ctA.KaA.1KO xrn TO pH rrov oupmv sivut 0.A.KctA.1KO. H q><1aTJ nUT" OtaPKEi JlBXP1. 12 cOpEe;, EVcO o ru I3ptq>TJ noA.u A.1yOTEpO. L.TTJ auvBXEtu ctVo.nTuaaETat JlETaI30A.1K" o~BroaTJ. KctSw<; E~ctVTA.EiTo.l TO EVOOKUHapto K<1A.to, ctnol3<1A.A.OVTctt 1.0VTo. uopoyovou JlE ctnOTSA.&aJlo. TTJV Tpon" TroV ooprov rtpoc TO O~tvO. H Jl&To.I30A.tK" o~EroaTJ Oq>&iA.eTat 0Xl JlOVO aTTJV ctnoI30A.", onrol:.; avo.q>spSTJKE, l3a.aErov ctno TOU<; VEq>pOUe;, ctA.A.a Kat aTO OT1 TJ ctq>UO<1TroaTj ct1tO TTJV TctxUnVOto., TTJV Eq>ioproaTJ Kat TTJ JlTJ A.l'PVTJ UYPcOV Kat TpOq>"e; A.oyro EJlBTroV npOKaA.OUV rrupuY(OY" K&TOV1KcOV orouurcov. To K<1AtO aTO aTo.Oto ctUTO uxopet yo. stvm os q>uatoA.OY1Ka opin Ka8we; xm crto TOV EVOOKUH<1pl.O XcOpo usrmcwsrnn rtpoc TOV opo.

L.TTJ aUVBXEta EA.o.TTcOVOVTctt cnuovrucd rooo TO. OlHo.VSPctK1Ko. 000 Ka1. TO K<1A.l0, oi vsepoi o.nol3<1A.A.OUV 1.0VTo. uopoyovou xrn TO pH TOU 1tA.aaJlctToe; K«1. TroV ouprov YlVETat 6~tvo.

0ct npEnEt va OlEUKptvlaS&l 01'1., TJ 01.o.To.pctX" TTj<; o~e:ol3ctatKite; tooppoxtuc, JlE TTJV ctPXlK" ctVct1tVeUaT1Kit o.A.Ka.A.roaTJ Kat TTJ JlETaI30A.lK" O~EroOTJ rtou o.KOA.ouSEi, OEV stvm ouo q>a.OEte; nvs~o.P1'TJ1'E~ xrn OEV Olo.KpivoV'tctt KA.W1KcO') EUKOA.a. H O~EroOTJ YEV1.Ka. aUJl130.1vEl 12-18 cOPE,) ano TTJ A."'VTJ. L.1'ct I3pEq>TJ oucoc unopet yo. aUJlI3El evropi') (4-6 ropsc). EKTO,) ano T1') Op<1a&l,) a1'TJv

H 80.Vo.TTJq>OpO<; 800TJ E~ctP1'a.To.t o.no noA.A.OUe; no.p6.yovTE<;. 'Exouv aTJJlE1.roSe:i 8a.vo.1'ot Jle 10-30 ypctJl., o.AA.6. xm &nE~TJaE a.1'OJlO xou n" ps JleyctA.U1'&PTJ ooaTJ. 'EXel nES<1VE1. EniaTJ e; nat8i 2,5 ETcOV JlE 3 ypctJl. 00.A.1KUA.1KOU JlESuA.iou. reV1.K<1 TJ Savct1'TJq>opoe; oooTJ rmv ao.A.1KUA.1.Kcbv unoA.oyi~e1'o.l aE 0,2-0,5 ypo.Jl.!kg. An'VTJ ao.A.lKUA.1KWV < 150 mg/kg npoKctA.Ei EAo.q>pa. oTJA.TJTTJpictaTJ, EVcO 150-300 rng/kg JlEaTJ e; I3ctpthTJTo.e; Ko.1. > 300 mg/kg 1300pl6. oTJA. TJ 1'TJ pict aTJ .

IVJ.l.7rTWI·laTa

L.TTJV o.pxn Ta aUJlnTWJla1'o. 8EV stvm &1.01.K<1. Luv,,8rol:.; rmpo.1'TJ pstrrn l3<1poe; n xovo ; a1'O a1'oJlctXo, EJlETOl, EA.ctq>p<1 tl Jl&yctA.U1'EPTJ unEpnVOta, 130Jl13ot TroV orreov, 1300PTJKoia, ~a.A.TJ. Le 130.purspn JlOp<pn TJ unEpnV010. stvut SV1'OVTJ, nctpo.TTJpelTat unvTjA.ict, ctVTJ auxin, nVeUJlOV1KO oioTJJlo., o.v«nVeUaT1.K" EKn1'rooTJ, oxcouot, VEq>P1Ktl ctV&n<1pK&1.«, xrouu, 86.vaTOe;. LTOUe; EVTJAiKOUe; npOEXOUV TO. OUJlnTWlJ.o.1'o. ctno 1'0 KNL xupto»; Ta UnOKE1JleVlKa. (~6.A.TJ-1301J.130<;), &VW (11'0. no.1.01.<1 0 n;upETOe;, TJ To.xUnVOtu, TJ &q>ioproaTJ. Tu nupeo covrn it aq>UOo.1'roJlBVo. 13 psq>Tj EJlq>ctvi~ouv TO~lKa. q>o.WOIJ.EVct mcouc Ko.1. us JllKPS~ 80aEle; uomptvrp; Kat Y1.o. TO A.oyo aUTO XPEla.~To.1. npoaOXtl a1'TJ XopnYTJatl TTJe; OT1e; KctTo.OTa.aEle; ctU1'E~.

Bpvao-mpuucti svpr,J.l.aTa

rrpOoOtopl~OV'to.l Ko.1.nctpctKOAOu80UVTct1.: Tct o.Bpta 'tOU munroc, TO pH, TJ yA.UKO~TJ, ot TJA.EKTPOAUTE') Kat TJ 1tp08polJ.l3iVTJ. L.TJJlo.VTtKtl stvtn TJ YVcOoTJ 1'TJ'> aTUSJlTJe; rcov ao.A.1KUA.1KcOV a1'O niun, rtou 0Xl JlOVO So. 08TJytlal:1. 1'TJ SEpo.netct, aA.A.<1 80. o.noTEA.El xm xpovvccc ruco cnusto. 0 npoa81.Op1.aIJ.0,) rcov actA.1.KU-

56 • ~ TJA TJ'tTIPtaCl8tC; j.1E tpapj.1U KU

AlKWV yiVETUt TTJV 6TJ wpa a1to TTJ At1WTj TOUC;, tT<Jt WOTE TJ 0'ta8- j.1TJ vu Bpto xero.t OXEOOV 01'0 j.1EytOTO (cv Kat j.1EXpt 'tTj 10TJ wpa urropst vn auc,avEl U1tO EV'tEP1KT'j U1t0ppo<PTJoTJ).

'ETOt, uv 'tTJv 6TJ wpu TJ OTaSj.1TJ stvm (mg/lOO ml) KU'tCD TCDV 45, OEV 8ECDpEiTat OTJATJTTjpiaoTl, 45-65 EAU<PPU, 65-90 j.1EOTlC; BoPU'tTJTUC;, 90-120 l3apla Kat ovco TCDV 120 ouvT'jSCDC; Suvu'tTJtpopOC;.

eyKEtpaAtKOU otOT'jj.1UTOC;. Ttu 'tTJV aVTtj.1ETWmOTJ TOU EYKE<paAlKOU ot8il!..LaTOC; XPTJ<JtJ.10notE1TUt Tj j.1UVV1TOATJ (20070) Kat TJ oEc,aj.1E8u~oVTJ (Tj U1tO'tEAEOj.1UTtKOTTJTU TTJC; oxotcc; Uj.1tploI3T1TEiTat). Euv Ola1ttO'tCDSEi U1toyAUKUtJ.11U XOPTJYE1Tat YAUKO~Tj, svm OE 1tEpi1t'tCDOTl 01taoJ.1Wv (1tOU OEV o<pEiAOV'tat OE unoyAUKatj.1iu), TJ UV'ttj.1ETdl1tlOTJ yiVE'tat J.1E Ota~E1tUj.1TJ Kat oxt J.1E l3upl3tTOUP1KU. L1taViCDC; o1taoj.1oi urropef vn EJ.1<puVt080uv ana 1tTWOTl TOU tovioueYOU aol3EoTiou, AOYCD 'tTlC; aAKoAroOTjC;. L'tTJV 1tEpi1tTroOTJ aUTT'j UVnj.1E'tront~OVTal J.1E XOPtlYTIOTj YAUKoVtKOU aoI3Eo'tiou. H U1tEP1tUpEc,ia aV'ttj.1E'tCD1ti~E'tat j.1E <pUOlKU usou (WUXPO 1tEPlI3UAAOV) Kat 0Xl j.1E uo mptvn, 1tapaKETaj.10ATI tl j.1E EVTPll3tC; OlV01tVEuj.1aToc;.

H 1tPOKATlTtl OlOUPTlOTl J.1E oUYXPOVTJ aAKaA01toiTloTl rcov ouocov stvm U1tO'tEAEOj.1UnKtl, E<p' OOOV 01 vsopof AElTOUPYouv KUVOVtKU.

@epans{a

A1t0j.10KPUVOTl rcov OUAtKUAtKroV U1tO TOV opvnvrouc J.1E tJ.1ETO T'j 1tAUOTJ. H npOO1tUSEta UUTtl1tPE1tEl vn yivETat so reo Kat nv tXOUV 1tEPOOEt 1tOAMc; roPEC; a1tO TTl At1WTI, 10tuf'tEpa nv TJ Ai)WTJ EiVUt j.1U~tKtl. L'tTl OUVtXEta xopi)YTJOTl ov8paKa OE UPKETi) 1t0- OOTTJTU Kat aAaTOUXOU Ku8ap'tlKOU. 'EXEt XPTl<JtJ.101tOtTJ8Ei Kat TI J.1tSoOOC; 'tCDV EnaVE1ATJj.1j.1EVCDV XOPTJYtloErov avSpuKu, XCDpiC; vn <paiVETat vo uneprspet TTJC; ouvi)Souc; 'taKTtKT'jc;. ~nc; 1tproTEC; 6 WPEC; ouvf]SCDC; OEV Ej.1<pavi~oV'tut ool3aptc; EKOTJAroOEtC;. Tnv 6TJ ropu U1tO TTl AtlWTJ 1tpOOOtop{~OVTat TU E1ti1tEOa rrov OaAtKUA1- xrov, 1tOU Sa U1tO'tEAtOOUV OOTJYO 8Epa1tEiac;. Errs U1tUPXEt OUvc-rornru EPyaOTTJP1UKOU EMyxou strs oxt, o nc apXEC; OEV XOPTJYOUVTal Ol'tTaVOpaKtKa, YtaTi U1t0PXEt 0 KivouvoC; E1ti'taoTjC; 'tTlC; aAKoAroOTJC;. Eriv U1tOPXEt atpuoo'troOTJ, XOpTJYOUVTat uypO. ea 1tPE1tEl vn OtEUKptvtOSEi O'tt 'to. U1tEpTOVa OtaAUj.1a'ta So. 1tpt- 1tEt vn a1tO<pEUYOV'tat loiroc; O'tTlV apXtl xm oro v U1t0PXEl a<puoo'troOTJ, ytu'ti TTIV E1ttTElVOUV. Ttn 'tTlV aVTlj.1E'tW1ttOTJ TTJC; OC,ECDOTlC; XOpTJyouV'tat 01TTavSpuK1KO avoAoya J.1E 'ttC; UVO:YKEC;, 01troc; rrpoKU1t'tOUV a1to TTJV napaKOAOUSTJOTl rorv cspkov TOU aij.1aTOC; Kat 'tOU pH. ~TlJ.1aVTlKi) SECDpEi'tat TJ j.1EptJ.1Va yta TTJV 1tapUKoAoUSTJort 'tou KaAlou. H Tlj.1tl 'tou KaAiou 'tou opou unopst vc j.1T1V U1tElKovi~Et TTIV 1tpaYj.1anKn KUTao'taoTJ. LE a<puoO:TCDOTJ 'to KOA10 EJ.1<pavi~E'tat <pU<JtOAOYLKO, aAAa j.1E 'tTJv EVUOO:TCDOTj U1tOXroPEi. KriA10 OEV XOpTjYElTal tl j.1E 1tOAU j.1EyaATI 1tpOOOXtl OE 1tEpi1t'tCDOTJ OAtyoupiac;. IIpoooXi) Ka'tO TTl xopi)YIl0Tl TOU KaAtOU yta 'tTlV 1tEpinTroOTj U1tEpKaAtatj.1iac;. EK'tOC; ureo 'to EntnEOO TOU KaAiou O'tOV op6, TO HKr a1tOTEAtl 0TJj.1UV'tlKO J.1EOO 1tapaKOAou8TjoTlC; TTlC; U1tEP tl U1tOKaAlatj.1iac;. H emuovn TOU KroJ.1aTOC; Kat J.1ETa TTjV 1t'troOTl rcov EntnEOrov rrov oaA1KUAtKcOV mSaVOAOYEi TTIV U1tapc,TJ

AlJlO Ko:Oapall

H EtpUPj.10Yl'l TTlC; atj.10KUSapOTlC;, tOlui'tEpa j.1E <piA'tpU UV- 8paKU stvrn a1tOTEAEOJ.1a'tlKtl, aAAa So. 1tpt1tEl vu E<papJ.10~ETat OE OPtOJ.1tVEC; 1tEPt1tTroOEtC;.

Evc5s{~ez;

YWTlAO E1ti1tEOO oaA1KUAtKrov o ro ntuu (> 130 mgz'dl), IIapa'tE'taJ.1Eva OUj.11tTroj.1a'ta ana 'to KNL

NE<PPtKi) EK1tTCDOTl,

IIVEUj.10V1KO otonuo..

EntJ.10vTj OC,EroOTJ.

IIpoooEU'ttKtl KAtV1Ktl EmOEivCDOTl 1ta pa TTIV EtpUPj.10~0- j.1EVTI 8EpU1tEia.

Ot OTlATI'tTlPtaoE1C; j.1E 1tapaKE'taj.10ATj EXOUV auc,TjSEi TTJV TEAeuTaiu oEKaETia OTTI xwpa j.1ac;. TOUTO o<pEiAETUt 01'0 YEYOVOC; TTlC; uvrucnruo-ruorp; 'tTlC; ao1ttpivTlC; roc; aVTl1tUpEnKOu j.1E rtuprrKETUj.10ATI OE j.1EYaATI tKTaOTl.

6.11AllTllP1(iOE1~ us <paPj.lUKa • 59

H 1tUPUKETuj.lOAll U7tOPPO<paTU1 EUKOAU Kat yp"yopu U1tO TO OTOj.lU'XO Kat TO UVcDTEPO Tj.l"Jla TOU AE1tTOU EVTEPOU, tctuirepc OTU1talCtaO'tCl.V_AUj.l[3_UVETUt OE UYP" uopor], METu[3oAi1:ETat Kupiro<; OTO ,,1tUP OE OUVTOJlO 'XPOVO Kat j.lETa a1tO svcoon us YAUKOUpovicla a1to[3uAAETut OTU oupc. Edv U7t<iP'XEt [3Aul>l1 ll1tanKiI 0 pu8j.lo<; j.lETa[3oAtOj.lOU E1tt[3pacuvETat.

K<iTro.U7tO TO 30070 TOU <pUOtoAOytKOl), lll11tUT1K" I3Aul311 sivm [3E[3aiu, cton 0 j.lETa[3oAiTll~ UCpuvo1totEi sronKa EV1:Uj.lU TOU i11taTo<;.

Tol;lKOTTrra

~E U7tEp[30AtK" coollll KUPU:l TOC,tK" cpaoll Tll<; 7tapaKETaj.lOAll<; uoopd OTO i11tap.

eaVa7:'T7cpopo~ OOC1TF Y1toAoyi1:ETo.t OE EUpEo. 1tAo.{crtU 0.1t0 0,2-1 ypuj.l.!kg.

EpyaoT11Pla Ka BUpr;J1.a-ra

'EAEY'XO~ ll1to.TtK1'\~ AEIToupy{a~. H auc,l1ol1 rcov 117to.'ttKcDV EV1:UJlCOV oUj.ll3aiv&t TO svcoptrspo 24-36 cDPE~ a1to Tll A1'\Wll xm urropst va auc,uVEt r nv TtJl" j.lE'Xpt ru; 721'\ 96 cDPE<;. H 'XOAEPU- 8pivll ouvil8co<; bEV o.uc,aVEt 7tOAU. 0 'XPovo<; 1tp08poj.ll3ivll~ Eivat ouvit8co~ auc,l1JlEVO~. Y1tO xnt U1tEPyAUKatj.lia EXOUV rtupurn Pll 8El.

(9BpalrE(a

'Eyxmpu 000 sivm cuvaTov yiVETat o.1tOj.lUKPUVOll Tll<; ouo{o.<; 0.1t0 TO OTOJla'Xo us 7tPOKA TJ 011 Ej.lETOU it 1tAUOll Ko.t OTTJ OUVE'XEta XOPllYEho.t av8paKa~. Ttu Tll 'XOP"Yll011 av8paKa U1t<ip'XEt e7tt<puAac,l1, OTo.V 7tPOKEtTat va 'X0PllYllSei CO~ o.vTibOTO 11 aKETUAOKUOTE'1VTJ a7tO TO o-rouc. TOT& Sa rnv 1tPOOP0<p"OEt Kat hot Sa EC,OUCETEpcDoe1 -11 cpaoll Tll~.

Ta OUj.l7tTcOJlo.To. TO 7tPOOTO 24ropo bEV stvnt E1CtKa Kat 7tEptAo.j.ll>avouv vuurtn, EJlETO, roXpo'tll'to., 1:aAll. MaAtoTo. U7tap'XEt 7tOAAE~ <pOPE~ K0.1 j.ltKP" I3EA ruocn rrprv o.KOAOUS"OOUV rn OUj.l1tTcOJlo.To. o.7tO 'to "1tUp. napaAAllAa U7tap'Xouv EKCllAcDm:1<; o.no uAAa ouoTitj.la'ta xat opvuvn, 07tro<; U7tOTo.Oll. To.XUKapbia Kat o.ppuSj.lia, 1:uAll , &uepe8to"CoTll't0., Ko.'to.OTOA" rou KN~. 6.10.'tapu'Xs~ llAEK'tpoAuTcOv oUJll3o.ivouv uo-rspu a7to 1'11 I3Aal311Tou ,,7t0.'t0<;, 07tCO<; Kat muoppuvucri Taoll, Cto.TUpo.xe<; 1'11<; Uvo.1tVO"~ Kat KcDJlo.. E7tiOll<; E'XEl 1to.Po.TllPllSEi [3Aa[311 rcov VE<pPcDV, U7tOOeputc; SPOJlPOKUT"C01tEVia Kat oc,da 7to.YKpEo.Ti1'lbo..

H /3Aa/311 rou r;lra-ro~ EKbllMOVETat KAlV1KcD<; us iKTEPO, E7tcDb\)Vll btOYKCOOll rou ,,1taTO<; Kat BpyaO'tllPtaKcD~ JlE auc,11011TCOV 117to.nKcDV EV1:UJlCOV, 7tOD ouvil8ro<; OUj.lpaiVElTO bEUTEPO 7tpO~ rpt- 1'0 24copo. 0 Savo."Co<; 1tpOepXETo.l 0.1t0 nxuruco KcDj.lo.. H [3Aal>l1 TOD "1to.TO~ o<pEiAETat OTOV aKOAOUSO j.lll'XaVtOj.lO: ~E <pUOlOAOY11(e<; bOOE1<; JllKPO uspo«; "Cll<; 1tapaKETo.JlOAll~ JlETo.I>OAi1:E'tUl OE evo TOC,1KO j.lE"C0.130Ai't'11. ~E SEpa1tEUT1Kit Soon " OE Jl1KPit U1tEPPo.OllTll~ boooAoyia~ 0 j.lETo.POAiTll~ o.U"CO~ TaXU'ta'ta abpavozrotsrtrn, evoousvoc ue 1'11 yAOUTo.SetOVll TOU "7tUTO<;. ~e unspcoooAoyio. 0 j.lETa[3oAiTll<; 7tap<iYETat OE j.lEyUAE~ 7tOOOTllTE<; Kat 7tPOKUAEi EC,aVTAll0ll 1'11<; yAOUTaSEt6vll~. 'Ornv aUTit 1taOEt

XOPTtYl1O'l1 UVTl06TOD

H 8Epo.7tEio. us aV'tibO't'O O'tllpl1:eTo.t OTllV 1tPOAll\jfll Tll~ Ec,av'tAll0ll~ 'tTJ~ YAOUTaSEtOVll<; TOU ,,1ta'to<; us 'tll 'X0P"Yll0TJ 1tPObPOucov au"Ctl<; oucuov, KaScD~ 11 'XOPtlYll0ll Tll~ lCla~ 'tll<; yAOUTo.SE10VTJ ~ bEV e 'X&1 bpaoll.

'E't01 JlE 1'11 'XOP"Yll0ll 'ts'tOtCOV OUOtcDV Kat KUPlCO<; 'tll<; No.KETUAOKUOTE'CVll<; (NAC) E7tlTUy'XaVE'tal 117ta'tlKtl 1tpoo'to.oio. 01't~ bllAllTllptaO&l~ us 1tapaKETaj.lOATJ. H bpaoll au't" 'tll~ aKETUAOKUO'tE'fV11~ stvoi T&Kj.lllPtCOj.lEV1l. Ttn va stvrn 11 'XOP"YTJOll nrtoTEAEOj.lo.nK" Sa 7tPE7tEt yo. b08d EYKa{pco<;, ,,1'01 EVTO~ rcov 6-15 copcov urro Tll Atl\jfll Kat 000 evcoptrepu, 1'000 Ko.AUTepo.. METa 'to 'XPOVO uuro ustorvovrm Ot buva"COTllTe~ 1Ko.V07tOl11TtK"<; rtpooTo.oia~ 'tOU "7taTO~.

KPlTJjpW yta T1] XOPr1Y71a1] TOV avnc56Tov

u) Ia'tOp1KO /...ijwn~ 1tUPUK€'tUIlO/...n~ KU1 ooao/...oyiu. Aij'lln 7,5-10 YPUI-L. (€Vij/"'1KOl) n 1t€P1000't€PO U1tO 100 mg/kg Y1U 1tU1-

016. U1to't€/"'€i /...6yo x,OpijYnan~ ro» uvn06tou.

13) En(nec5a nupuKE't"UI-LO/...11~ o ro 1t/...6.0IlU: 1t6.vw Uno 200 ug /ml 'tllv 4n wpu ij 60 ug/rnl 'tnv 12n wpu €1tlI36./.../...ouv 'tn xop,,Yn 011 U v'ttO o't OU .

L16a1]

Evc5otp)",e!3w xopJjY7101]: XOPllYOUV't"Ut 150 mg /kg OE 200 ml O€~'t"PO~l1~ svror; 15" uKo/...ou8d'tat U1tO 50 mg/kg OE 500 ml ytU 4 WPE~ Kat O'tn OUV8XB1U 100 mg/kg O€ 1000 rnl ytU 16 WpB~. EuVO/...1K6. XOPllyouv'tUt 300 mg/kg evroc 20 wpWv. H EvoocpMl3ta Xop"ynoll EcpapIlOC€'tU1 xupto«; c rnv Eupwnll Kat aKo/...ouEioUIl€ Kat Elld~ crnv E/.../...6.oa.

Xopf/Y1]a1] an6 ro» aiouacoc: Xoprryouvrrn 140 mg/kg upX1KW~ KU1 xu romv 70 mg/kg av6. -kopo yta 72 WpB~. LUVO/...1Ko. 17 cpOp8~. H 1l8E10c50C; uu't"" BcpapI-LO~B't"at xupto»; o'n~ HIlA. M€yo./...ll aU~"'t"l1all tx,et yivBt, €6.v 1tP81t€t" Illl vn XopnYBi't"at 11 NAC I-LE'tunc; 15 WPB~ unO 't"11 /"''''1111 " UVB~UP't"'tw~ Xpovou, oruv u1t(ipxouv 011I-LBia llna't"tK"~ 13/...6.1311~ . Asv u1tapXet ouoqxovtn. <I>aiverm 1tuv't"WC;, on Kat usru 'tl~ 24 WPE~ uxopst va XopnYnElei, aKOIlU Kat c rnv m:pi1t'two11111ta'tlK"C; l3/...o.l311C; uzropst va XopllY118Ei, u/.../...u IlE cvuusvousvn aVtU1tOKP10ll uucpr], Avcoeperut on co~ aV'tioo't"o urropst vo. XPll<JlI-L01tOtnElEi Kat 11l-Le8ewvtVll U1tO 'tou o-rouuroc,

Avnopci(Jf.1~ aKuoA.oKo(Ju;tvll~

L€ tva 1l1KPO rroooc'ro 10070 rrsptzrou rrov uo Gsvcov rtuptrrnpEi'tat u/.../...epytK" uv'tiopuon IlB E;o.vElnl-La Kat EpuElnlla. EE 00- j3UpO'tBPBC; nBpl1t't"waB1~ tXBt 1tapa'tllP118Ef KUl vuurtu, susroc, C6./...11, OU01tvota, !3poyxo01taallo~. L'tO 900/0 rcov nepl1t'twoewv U1tOXCOpouv Xwpi~ Elepa1teiu ru aUlln'twllu'tu.

T8/...0~ os l3/...o.j311111tu't1K" OtopElwve'tat n unortpodpoujnvmuto KU1 11 muopocvncri otaElean us I3t'tUlliv11 K.

'1'

.1.n/...n'tnpHioetC; Il€ cpo.PIlUKU • 61

H UllloKo.Elupan O€V cpuive'tUl vu 8xet /...oyo ecpuPlloyrlc;, sxro«; o» U1to.pxet veCPP1Krl l3/...o.l3n.

Me~af-l6axeua1] JjnaTOr;

'Exet ECPuPllooElei 11 Il€'tulloox,euon "1tu'to~ oe l3upu~~ 011/...n'tnpHioet~ ue 1tUPUKB'tUIlO/"'n. Flpoxsrtcr yta o~€iu nnu'ttKi) eK- 1t'twan us KU K" npoyvwon. <T>uive'tat on 11 IlE'tUIlOoXElJon eXE1 nepWptOll8VU 1teptElwpta Kat onv Kpt'titPta yt' uu't"v Elewpouv'tat 11 oi;ewo11 (pH < 7.3), 11 OI)V€X"~ uU~l1all roo XPOVOI) np08pollj3ivll~ 'tllV 41111llepu " Xpovo~ npoElpol-Ll3iVTj~ 180 oEIJ'tepo/...e1t'twv.

Asv dVU1 01tUVta n nsptnrmo n BYKUWV IlB on/...n't"npiuan U1tO 1tupaK€'t"aIl6/...11 IlB B1taK6/...ouElo 'tll!3/...o.l3n ron elll3puou, oeoolleYOU 6nll1tUpaK€'t"aIl0/...n o~pxe'tUl 'tOY n/...aKouv'ta, 1tOU 8u exe1 ouv a1to't"s/...eol-Lu 'to Elo.va'to ij a1toj3o/..." 'tou elll3puou. Ln~ rrsptn'twaet~ au't"s~ 8u 1tpe1tel11 8epa1teia us aKB'tI)A.OKUO'te1VTj va upxiCet eyKuipwC;. eu 1tps1tet va oriusuooouus on rooo 111tapUKe'taIl6/...n 000 Kat 11 aKe'tu/...oKUO'telVn oev CPUiVE'tat va exol)v rspurovovsc Op6.0EtC;.

Le uoElevdc; 1tOU /...alll3o.vol)v cpo.PIlUKU 1tpOKa/...ouv'ta sreuywyit rrov n1tUnKWV evCullwv (01tCO~ l3upl3t'tol)ptKo., Kapl3allaCeniVTj, ouwurotvn, ptcpal-L1tlK1V11) it xpijo'te~ eni I-LUKPOV UA.KOO/...n~ 0 Kivouvo~ llnanKi)~ l3/...o.j311c; uno /"'ipjl111tupuKe'taIl6/...n~ stVat l-Leyo.A.OC; Kat ue 1tOA.U uucpo'rspsc; ooaBt~.

Flpoxsrrm yta un a't"epoetc5t~ uvncpA.eyllov<bO€~ nOI) xpnatuoaoistrru o»; uva/...Yn'ttK6 Kat avn1tUpenKO, tOtui'tepu crrn natOtu. Le Elepa1teunKe~ ooae1~ U1tOppocpo.'tat j3pu8tw~ a1tO TO A.e- 1t'to svrapo Kat 11 U'IIllA.0-tep11 O'tuElIl 11 o-ro n/...uo IlU CPTo.Vet os

2-3 WpEC;. LE unEpoocroJ..oyiu TJ U\IITJJ..OTEPTJ crTo.8j.lTJ (jJTo.VE1 crT1C; 8-12 WpEC;. AnoI3UJ..J..ETat xupto»; uno TOUC; VEc.ppOUC;, uJ..J..o. KUt TTJ xoJ..,,}(:at TUKonIJ_uvu,

Kat crE UOUVUJ.-Liu EJ..EyXOU yivETat XP"OTJ c.patVUToiVTJC; " l3upl3tTOUP1KroV. H atJ.-LOKU8upcrTJ OEV EiVUt unOTEJ..EcrJ.-LUTtK", ytUTi TO j.lEc.pEVUJ.-L1KO 0';0 EXE1 U\IInJ..oU l3u8j.lOU crUVOEOTJ us 1tPWTElVEC; TOU 1tJ..UOj.lUTOC;.

TO~lKrJ 8pcia'l

To j.lEc.pEVUJ.-LtKO o.;u OE 8EPU1tWTtKEC; OOOE1C; 1tPOKUJ..Ei 1tUPEVEPYE1EC; 61twC; VUUTtU, EPE8toJ.-Lo TOU crTOJ.-Lo.XOU UKOJ.-LU Kat EJ..KOC;, cvmutn, J..WK01tEViu, ~UJ..TJ, KEc.pUJ..uJ..yiu Kat E';6.v8TJj.lu. 1:E U1tEpOoooJ..oyiu TO 1tPWTO Kat cr1tOUOat6TEPO OUj.lnTWj.lU stvm ot oxuouot.

TO';lKrJ Soon

AocrTJ 1to.VW U1tO 5-10 YPUj.lJ.-LO:ptU 1tPOKUJ..OUV crol3upo. ouu- 1tTroj.lUTU OE EVTJJ..1KOUC;, EVW EXOUV 1tEp1ypUc.pEi cr1tucrj.loi OE 1tUtoi 12 ETroV J.-LE 2,5 YPUJ.-L.

IIpOKElTat YlU OJ.lo.OU CPUPJ.-LUKWV 1tOU EXOUV KOlVO xUpUKTnptOTtKO TTJV uvnc.pJ..EYj.lOVWOTJ Opo.oTJ. LE 8EpUnWTlKEC; OOOEtC; houV 1tUpuTTJPTJ8Ei uVEnt8uj.lTJTEC; EVEPYElEC; xupto»; U1tO TO yucrTPEVTEptKO crUcrTTJj.lU Kat TO KNL, EVro os XPOVta XP"OTJ Kat U1tO UAJ..U ouovriue-rc.

LUJ.lnTCo/-wra: 1:E J.."\IITJ U1tEpI30AtK"C; OocrTJC; EXOUV UVUc.pEP- 8d crUJ.-LnTroj.lClTCl 01tWC;: NUUTiu, EJ.-LETOC;, EntYUcrTPUJ..yiCl KClt utuoppuvto; uno TO 1tE1tTtK6. Zo.J..TJ, OtEYEpOTJ, KE<pUJ..uJ..yiu, rtuprncr8"OElC;, orruouot Kat KroJ.-LU EXOUV 1tClPUTTJPTJ8Ei. Y1tOTClOTJ, TUXUKClpoiCl, O';E{U vsqipucri UVE1tUPKEta, l3J..ul3TJ TJ1tUTlK", J.-LETUI30- J..1K" O';Eroon uzropsf VCl OUj.l130Uv. EtOtKOTEPU us TnV turtouztpoc.pEVn EKTOC; rcov 1tClpClno.vro OUJ.-L1tTWj.lUTWV EXOUV uvuc.pEp8Ei: VUOTUYj.lOC;, OtnJ..ro1tiu. 1tUPOOtK" Kroc.procrTJ, OUcr1tVOlU Kat 1tUPOOtK" U1tV01U OE 1tUtOlU. E1ticrnc; KE<pUJ..ClJ..y{U. J..,,8ClPY0C; KCll ozrnvto»; Kroj.lCl.

Na1tjloi;tv,,: BJ..uI3TJ vsoprov J.-LE «iuurouptc, OtUJ.-LEcrTJ veoptTlOU, U1tEPKClJ..tatj.llCl, VEc.pPWcrtKO ouvopouo, vsopncri ClVE1tUpKE1U, cr1tUOJ.-LO{ Kat ucrTJ1tTn J.-LTJVtyyiTlou.

Iv()o~e9(t.Jciv,,: Kupier; EKOTJJ..OOcrEtC; U1tO TO rran-n KO J.-LE E';EJ..KOOcrEtC; Kat Utj.lOPPClY{Cl. E1tlOTJC; o';Eiu veopncri UVE1tUPKEtU KUl U1tovuTptalJ.-L1Cl. A KOJ.-LU \IIUXro01K" aVTtOpacrTJ.

~t(PAOUVl~o.A": TClxuKClpoiu, U1tEp1tVOlU, u1tEp8Epj.l{a, o.ru';iu, KroJ.-LCl. E1tlcrTJC; j.lETUI30AtK" Oi;ErocrTJ. E1tlKlvOUVEC; vtn EVTJAiKOUC; 8EWPOUVTat OOOEtC; 1tO:vro U1tO 7 ypUJ.-LJ.-LUptu.

@epane{a: ·EJ.-LETOC;" 1tJ..ucrn, XOPTlYTJcrTJ UV8PUKCl Kat Ku8upTtKOU. Kupto»; TJ 8EPU1tEtU stvoi ouurt tcouurucf xrrt U1tOcrTTJptKTlKTl. nu TOUC; 01tUOJ.-LOUC; XopTJYEftat Ota(,E.1tUj.ln Kat YlU TTJV U1t6- TUOTJ uypu EVOOc.pAEl3iwC; Kat vTonuj.livTJ. H 1tPOKATJT" OlOUPTJcrn us cruYXPOVTJ UAKClA01t01TJcrTJ rrov OupWV E<pUPj.lO(,ETat UV KUt OEV

·EJ.-LETOC;, KEc.pUJ..uJ..yiu, CltJ.-LUTEj.lEcrTJ stvcn OUj.l1tTOOJ.-LUTU 1tOU EJ.-Lc.puvi~oV'tat Cl1tO TO 1tEnTlKO crUOTTJj.lU. A1tO TO VEtJPtKO crUcrTTJun 1tUPUTTJPOUVTat 01tClOJ.-Loi, at ozotoi E~OTJJ..OOVOVTat EVrop{C; uno TTJ ATlWTJ (1-12 roPEC;). Ot cr1tucrJ.-Loi cruvl'J8wc; stvm Ku80J..IKOi. EKTOC; rcov cr1tClOJ.-Lrov EXOUV 1tEptypac.pEi ClV11ouXiu, cruYXUOTJ, U1tO- 8Epj.liu crE 1tUtOt6. KUt KroJ.-LU.

EpyaarT/pWKU evprJJ.lara

0EPU1tEUTtKa E1tlm;OCl j.lEXpt 10 ug/rnl. L1tuoj.loi EXOUV rtupaTTJpTJ8Ei us 46 ug/rnl, MtKPOcrK01tlK" alJ.-LUTOUptU EXEl 1tapuTTJ pTJ8Ei cs o';Efu OTJJ.. TJTTJ ptcon.

Geoa tteia

H Cl1t0J.-LaKpUVOTJ TTJC; oucriac; un6 TO crTOj.lUXO OEV OUV10TaTat us Ej.lETO, AOYW TTJC; svcoptc; EJ.-L<paVtOnC; 01tucrJ.-Lrov. IIpoTtJ.-LUTat TJ nAucrn crTOj.lo.XOU. XOPTJYEtTClt UV8PUKUC; OE KUVOvtK" 00- 0TJ KUt Ku8ClPTlKO. Ot cnuouot aVTtj.lETro1ti(,oVTUt us OtU(,E1to.j.ln

'tEK!-111puovovnu 'to. KaA.a o.nO'tEA.EOJ,La'to.. Orrrv UmipXE1 VEepP1- Kij o.VEnapKEto. OUV10'tU'tat 11 at!-10KUeapo11.

Tn onOUOatO'tEpa epap!-1aKa 't11~ Ko.'t11yopio.~ au'tijc, stvm:

81 K A.OepEV U KTJ 81ep A.OUVt~UA.11 Iuncunporpevn IVOOJ,LEeaKiv11 KE't on p OepE v11 Nanpo~EV11 N1!-1E~OUA.i011 NtepA.OUJ,L1KD o~u ntpO~lKa.J,L11

LOUA.1VO U K11 Ticotpoosvuco O~U ToA.J,LE'tiv11 ToA.epEVo.J,L tKO O~U TOVE~lKU!-111 <I>mvpouepaivTJ <I>EA.P1VU K1'] <I>EvonpoepaivTJ <I>A.OUP J,L mrtpoornvn

LV!-lnrm!-l a ta

To. KUp10. xo.paK't1']ptO'tlKU 't11~ 011A.11't11piao11~ nrro oaK'tuA.{nOo. stvm 0 EJ,LE'tOC, Kat at Oto.'to.po.xec, 'tOU Ko.p010.KOU pu8J,Lou. Nau'tla, E!-1E'tOC" nOVOK8epo.A.OC" ouipp01a, OUYXU011, n'two11 rrts- 011~, oto.'tapaxE~ O't11V o.v'tiA.TJ\jJTJ 'tWV XPW!-1U'trov, a!-1t)A.uwnio., aurrvtc , J,LU1Kij o.OUvo.J,Llo..

LV!-lnrcO!-la'fa an6 r17v Kapoui

H OaK'tuA.inOo. npoKaA.Ei Ku8E Eioou~ nppueutn. 010UXVD'rEPE~ o.ppu8J,LiEC, stvrn at KOA.7t1KE~. H KA.1V1KTl EKOTlA.W011 rcov appu8!-1tWV uxopsi yo. E1Vo.1. ouonvata, OUYKonij xrn euva'ro~. L'ro. t)PEq>TJ 01 KapOtaKB~ appUeJ,L1E~ sivrn TJ 7t10 ouxvij EKOijA.roOTJ ro~lKO'r11'rac, Ko.t o rn J,LEyaA.U'rEpa natot(i uxopet yo. KUVEt Ko.'taO'rOA.Tl 'rOU KEV'tP1KOU VEUP1KOU ouo-rriuuroq.

KAP .1.IArrEIAKA <DAPMAKA

H)..eKrpOKapolOypaqJlKcl. evpf7!-lara

Tn EUPTl!-1o.'ra au'ru urropst yo. oEi~ouv KOA.7t1KTl 'ro.XUKapOio., npWtJ,LE~ KatA.1a Kec, OUO'rOA.8~ Tl K01A.ta KE~ sx rn K'rOOUO;OA.ec" K01A.to. KTl 'raxuKapoia, Ko.'raona011 'rOU ST, B7ttJ,L TJ KUOJ,LEVO PR OlUO'rTJJ,La ij KOA.1tOK01A.lU KO anOKA.B10!-10_

XP110"1!-10nOtBl'ra1 Yla 'rTJV o.V'r1!-1E'rWm011 'r11C, Ko.pOtaKTl~ aVBnUpKE1a~. Ot onOUOatO'rEPB~ OUOiB~ ElVo.l11 olyo~iv11 xm 11 01yt'ro~iv1'] .

Epyaar17PWKcl. evp1}!-lara

Tn eBpo.nEU'rlKU B1ti1tEOa 'rTJ~ olyo~iv11C, xuumvovrui ana 0,5-2 ng/ml. LB O~ElBC, 011A.11'rTJP1aoEtc, 'ra EnlnBoa EXOUV t)pBeEi nuvw o.no 10 ng/ml, nv Kat BXOUV nBptypo.q>Ei 8uva't01 Kat J,LB Xo.J,L11A.O'rBpo. 'rwv 10 ng/ml EninEoa. Tu eBpanBu'r1Ku EninEOo. 'r11~ OtYl'to~ivTJc, xuuutvovrm o.nD 18-22 ng/mI, BVW nuvro ana 25 ng/rnl Bscopoevrrn 'rO~lKU. :E'r1~ OTJA.TJ'r11P1UOB1~ J,LB olyo~ivTJ ouxvu unuPXE1 UnBpKaA.tmJ,Lia Yl' nuro anat'rBi'rat OUVEXTl~ tA.BYXo~ rou KaA.iou roo ntuuroc. YnoKaA.1atJ,Lia urropst vn OU!-1t)Ei, 101ai'rBpo. !-1E'ru ano eoupuovn OtoUP11'rt'KcI:>v.

Lt: uY1Bi~ EVTJA.iKOU~ 00011 KU'rro 'rrov 5 mg onuvla sivrn B7t1- K1VOUVTJ ,Yla 'r11 ~roTl, svco 80.va'r11q>opo~ uxopst yo. stvrn OOOTJ navw urro 10 mg. 'EXEt oU!-1t)Bi euvo.'roc, !-1B 19,5 mg Otyo~ivTJ~ OE 69 Xpovcbv yuvaiKo.. Tn nat01U q>aivE'rm va Eiv0.11t10 o.V8BK'rlKU O'r11V Kapolo'ro~lKij 0PU011 'rTJc, olyo~iv11~ o no 'rOU~ BV11A.iKOU~. av Ko.1. 11 OUYK8V'tproOTj 'rTJ~ otyo~ivTJ~ 0'r0 !-1UOKap010 Eiv0.1 !-1Byo.A.U'rEPTJ o ru no.tolu J,LB 'rTJV iOta (aVaA.oYIKu) OOOTj.

01 011A.11'rTJPtUow.; J,LE Oo.K'tUA.i'rloa sivrn t)aple~. L'ro. nat01U sivm onUV1B~. L'COU~ EV11A.1KOU~ uzropst vn OUJ,Lt)ouv strs ano unept)ao11 'rTJc, OoooA.oyia~ Tl J,LB oxoao 'rTJv uurox'rovtn.

@epaneia

8lU'CijP11oTJ KaVOVIKTl~ cvcrrvonc xrn o.n0!-1aKPUV011 'tOU q>aPJ,La'KOU !-1B BJ,LB'rO ij nA.UOTJ Kat o.KOA.OUeW~ XopijY110TJ UVepo.Ko.

Kat Ku8apnKOU. L.1'11 (H)VSXEta napuKoAou8Ei't'm 1'0 KciA10 1'OU ai~u1'oe;, 1'0 EninEOO 1'OU <pap~ciKOU 01'0 ai~a Kat 11 KapOWKTl AEt1'oupyio: W: 1'0l1AEK:1'POKapolOypci<p11~U·, rrou Enio11e; UnE1KOVi~El Ota1'apaxte; 'rOU KaA.iou.

Ot Ota'rapaxte; 'rOU KaA.iou npenet va o1Op8oJvov1'at.

H unePKaA.tat~iu (ncivw uno 6,5 mEq/L) ano1'EAEi evoE1S11 XOp''Y11011e; 'rOU Et01KOU avnoo1'ou. Eriv OeV uncipXet 1'0 anioo- 1'0 uvn~e1'wni~e'rat j.1E 1'11 XOP"Y11011 yA.UKO~l1e;, ivcouxtvnc Kat Ot'r1'av8paKtKoJv.

L1wTapaxtc; TOV pvBttov: XP110lj.10n01Ei't'at 11 urpomvn yw 'r11 ~paouKapoia, evco yw ru; appu8~iEe; XP11CJlj.10nOtoUVTat KUpiwe; 11 crnvurotvn Kat 11 A.tooKaiv11. Hn POKA11'r" OtOUP110T) OEV cpaiVe1'al va tXEt onucvrucd ano'rEMoj.1aTa 11 OE XOPTJYT)011 uypoJV npenel va yiVE'rat j.1E npOooxTl. H Utj.1oKci8apo11 OEV stvui urto'reA.EOj.1U'rtK" j.1E Ta KOtVU cpiA'rpa, EVoJ !..I.E O'ritA.ee; civ6paKu cpuiverm va aXEL neptOOO1'eP11 unOOooT).

XOPr1YTf<Jl1 avn80TOV: rW'r11V uvnj.1e'rcOmOT) 'r11e; OT)A11'r11- piuonc; j.1e OtyoSiVT) tl OtYl'ro~iVT) XopT)YEi'rat 'r0 aV'rioO'ro KA.cioj.1U Fab UV'rlOoJj.1UTOC; (Fab Antibody Fragment). To UV'riOOTO stvui OpUO'rlKO Kat yta 'rT) Aava1'ooio11 C KUt 'r11V oAEuvTpiv11.

EV&;i/;SlC; Kat DO<JoAoy(a ~MnE aVTioo1'a.

LVWJrTcO/.laTa

Auioppuvtc ano otcicpopa opvuvu onwc;: enioTa~11, Ut~U-eouptn, atj.1aTej.1Eo11, at!..l.on'ruo11, ne'rtXEtEC;, uij.1ap8po 0'r0 yovnro. Epvuo rnptcoco supnuu stvtn 11 napu'rao11 'rOU XPOVOU rrpo- 8po~~iv11C;.

@Spa7rsla

Axouuxpuvcn us 8!..1.e'rO " nA.U011, xoPitY11011 uv8paKa Kat Ka6ap'rtKOU. Euv OUj.1~ei alj.1oppuyiu" UV 0 XPOVOC; np08poj.1~iV11C; stvm napU'reTaj.1SVOC;, XOP11YEi1'at ~l'raj.1iV11 K, OE 00011 0,1 mg/kg LM. Tl LV.

A vTuyc.ovlatt.; roc uapEado\)

Tlpoxerrrn yta OJ.1UOU CPUPj.1UKroV onroc;, Aj.1A.OO11tiV11, Bspcna~iA.11, dlA.'rta~e~T), Ntj.10011tlV11, NlcpEOlnlv11, Cl>eA.OO11tiV11. XP11- CJlj.1ono1Ouv1'at roc; \)no'raOlKu, os KOtA.taKn TUXUKapoia Kat OT11-

6uYX11.

Av'ttnT)K'ttKcl cpo.Pllo.Ko.

Hpoxsrtrn yta napaywya TT)e; xouunptvrp; Kat tvOaVeOtOVT)C; nou exouv KOtvO TpOnO OpaoT)C;, npOKaA.cOVTac; EAciHrooT) TT)C; np06poj.1~iV11C; Ka6cOC; Kat trov napayov'rrov VII, IX Kat X. O~Eia OT)A.T)TT) ptuon uzropst VU. n pOK(nj!Et ano unep~UOT) 'r11C; OOOT) C; OTOUe; EVT)A.{KOUC; Kat ano Tuxaiu Atl\JfT) o ru natOta. L.Uxva avaospovtrn Atl\JfEte; ~up<papivT)C; ana rpcoxrucoxrovu, rcov onotcov anoTEAEi TO opaOTtKO OUOTa01'tKO. Mrcopst EnioT)C; va nepttXouv napciyroya xouuuptvnc, Ot napaKci'rro nuspriou«; OOOEte; sivut e1t1KiVOUVEC;: cpulVtVOtOV11C; 200 mg, 000T) 10-100 mg nuspnoto»; u-topst vu stvm E1t1KivouvT) YW aKEvoKoU~apOA.11, ~apcpapivT). 01 napamivro OOOEle; Oe Ecpcina~ XOPtlYT)o11 OEV sivm ouvtl8roC; E1t1KivOUVEC;, napa uovo oruv OUVEX106ei T) Atl\Jf11 TOUC;. Tu rpcoK'rlKOKTOVa nEptexOuv ouvtl6roc; 0,051110 ~apcpapiv11.

LV/.l7rTcOttaTa

L.e unepooooA.oyia napaT11 pstrrn vuortn, ej.1e'rOC;, uno'rao11 Kat ~paouKapoia rtou apxi~el svcoptc (1-5 cOPEC; ano 'rT) A"\Jf11)· AK6!..1.a ota'rapaxsc; 'rOU KapOtaKOU pu6j.10U nou napa'reiVOVTat ym 6-7 11j.1SPEC;. TIapuAAT)Aa ~aA.11, KEcpaA.uA.yiu, Epu6T)j.1a xpoocorcou, ortuouot, nVCUj.10VtKO otonuu, 'EXEl avacpep6et ~A.U~11 "naToc;, o~eia VECPP1KtlI3AU~T) ano pa~oo~uoA.U011 Kat j.1ETa~OA.1Ktl o~ewoT). EpyaOTT)pWKoJC; aXel ~pe8ei unsp tl unoKaAlatj.1ia xm unaO~EO'rlalj.1ia, onuvta unepyAUKU1!..1.iu.

@spa7rs(a

Artoudxpuvon ue suero tl nA.oo11, XOP"YT)oT) uv6pUKa Kat Ka8o.p'rlKOU. TIapuKoA.oU6T)0T) ~ro'rlKcOV AEl'rOUPytcOV, AvnuercomOT) 'rT)C; uno'raoT)C; us vronuutvn it ioonporepevoxn tl VOPE1t1- vsrpptvn j.1E npoooXtl ce a08eveie; !..I.e taxatj.1tKtl KapOtaKtl vooo.

XOPl1YT)OT) YAUKOV1KOU o.OP£O"CtOU 10070 1. V. 10 - 20 ml Y10. £VT)AiKOUt; xm 10 - 30 mg/kg Y10. n0.10ui O£ ouio'tT)j.lo. 5-10 A£n'tcDv us no.paK(>Aou€lT)aT) RIa' xm rcov E1ttnEorov roo o.apEo'tiou. Eno.v6.Arp.fIT) o.v XP£lct.a€l£i. 'Exouv avo.cpEp€ld Ko.AO: o.no'tEAEaj.lo.'w us yAUKo.yOVT) 2 - 17 mg. Ftc 'tout; orruo j.lout; om1;,EnUj.lTj.

@spmrda

PU€lj.l10T) uoo.'tOt; xm TlA£K"CPOAU'tcDV, aUj.ln'trol.l.o.'tlKiI o.yroY'I~. 0 Kivouvot; npo£px£'ta.t o.no 'tte; UOPOT)AEK'tpOAU'tlKEe; Ota'to.po.xee; xnt anuvlct. o.no 6.AAEe; EKOTjAroa£le;.

TO~tK6T11'ra

'EXE:t o.Vo.CPEp€lEi €l6.va'toe; I.I.E ooaTl 0.7 - 2,8 vpnu. Y10. rn A1A'tlo.1;,£j.lTl. E1tE1;,Tla£ 6.'t0j.l0 j.lE 900 mg vtcpEomivT)e;. EniaT)e; £n£1;,TIos 6.'to~J.O j.lE 16 ypo.j.l. pEpo.no.~iAT)e;, EVro o.1tEpiroaE ue 4,6 ypo.~j.lO:plct. j.lE 'tTlV iOla ouotn.

I:.X1POVOAUK't6vl1

XPTlCJlj.l01t01Ei"Ca.t roe; OlOUpT)'tlKO.

Mnopst vo. npOKo.A£aE:l yuva.tKOj.lo.a'tio. xm o.VOPOYEVE'tlK£e; EKOTlAroaEle;. L.UXV£e; eivm 01 TlAEK'tPOAU'tlK£e; ota.'to.paxEe;. ee.pam:;{a: pu€lj.ltcrTl TlAEK'tPOAU'tcDV.

d)ou poo SJ.liOl1

Eivo.l 01OUPTlnKO.

~VJ..LTrTdjJ..Lara: 'Bueroc, 01UppOlo., o.nroAElo. T)AeK'tpOAU'trov, unOKaAlo.lj.lio., unoruon, 010.'to.po.x£e; o rnv Opo.OT), napa.ta€l1\oEle;, j.lUltKee; Kp6.j.lnEe;.

'EXEl avo.cpep€lEi UnEPyAUKmj.lio., AEUKom:vio., €lpo~P01tsvio., o("eio. no.YKpEo.'tinoo., KrocproOT) (ano.vlro'ta'to.).

eEpaTre.{a: P1581.1.tcrTl 150o.'toe; Kat TlAEK'tPOAU'troV, ouurctcoucnK1\ o.yroy".

Etvm £Ao.cppO OWUPTlnKO as ooaTl 5-20 mg Tlj.lEpTjairoe;. Mnopst vo. npOKo.A£a£l vnurtc, Ej.lS'tO, £1t1yo.a'tpo.Ayio., 016.ppOlo. 11 ouaK01A10'tTl't0., no.pma€l"asle;, 1;,6.ATI, E(,,6.v8T1~0., xvnouo, o.Suvuuto., j.lU1K£e; KpO:I.I.1tEe; Kat 01t'ttKEe; 010.'to.po.XEe;. 'Exouv cvuosp€lEi op80a't0.'ttK1\ oxoruon xni U1tEpKo.Alat~io..

eEpaTre.ia: P15€lj.ltcrTl 150o.'toe; Ka.t TlA£K'tPOAU'!cDV. L.uj.ln'tro~art K1\ 0. yroy1\.

Avno.ppu9J.llKa

Etvrn 1toAMe; evcoosu; nou XPTI oiuoxoioovcca roe; 01OUPTl'ttK6. - o.vnunsp'tacrtK6.. Anoppoqxnvrm E15KOAo. o.1tO 'to m:nnKO Kat TI Ot6.PKEto. 'tTjt; 01015PTlaTle; etvrn 6-7 cDpee;. TE'C01Et; OUOiEe; eiVat: Po.~E'to.ofvTl, noAu€I£lct.1;,iOT), 'tP1XAropj.ls8s10.1;,foTl, UOPOXAroPO€lElo.1;,ioTl, XArop€lo.AtOOVTl, XAroPO€lElo.1;,ioTl.

L.e ~SYUAEe; OOOEle; npOKo.AoUV o:cp80vT) 01OUPTlOTl us o.nroAElct. TlAEK'tPOAU'troV (unOKo.Ata.*ia, unoxAropmj.lio.), j.lUtK" o.ouvnutu Kat 0.1t6.8E10.. Axoun £~S'COl, 01UppOlo., yAUK01;,oupio., 1t0.pma8"aEle;, Ko.pOta.yySta. K6 collapsus, o.ppu8j.liet; EXOUV rrrrptrrnPT)€lsi.

Xpnotuonotetrut roe; uvnnppoeuuco CPO:Pj.lo.KO. 010.vnxoAlvepY1K£e; EVEpYStSe; no.pOUCJl6.1;,ov'Ca.t cocoun xrn o n«; 8Epo.1tEU'tlKEe; 060ste;. 0Epo.1t£U'tlKO: Sni1tEOo. opou 2-4 ug/rnl, 'to("lKo. > 5 ug/rnl.

~VJ..LTrTdjJ..LaTa

LE unEpooaoAoyio. 1to.po.1'TlPEi'tat O'to.€lEp1\ exzrrcoon 'tTje; xnpOlo.K1\~ no.pOXl1e;, aAAO: Tj nieaTj rou o.ij.lo.'toe; 1to.po.j.lEVEl 0't0.8sp1\

crXE't'tKW~, jlEXPl vo crUjlj3Ei KUKA.Oq:l0Pl.KO collapsus, oreors 0. KOA.ou8d o.vo.1tvwcr'ttK'tl EK1t'twcrll xm appu8jllE<;. HA.EK'tpOKapolOypo.q:l1KW,;; 010.1tlcr'tWVf,'t0.1 auc,llcrll 'tOU Q-T olacr'tiH,W'tO~ Ka1 018Upuvcn roo QRS. LUYK01t1KO, E1tEtcr0010. EXOUV avaq:lEp8Ei 61tOO~ xo t K01A.taKiJ uupunpovr], unoruon, naputcr8iJcJE1<;, KOOjla.

espans(a

6.1a'tiJPllcrll xuvovucnc nvnrrvoric. Anounxpuvon rou q:lapjlO,KOU IJ,E suero iJ 1tA.ucrll Kat aKoA.ou8oo<; o'v8paKa~. H XOPiJYllen 01't'tav8paK1KWV EVOOq:lA.EI){oo<; q:lo.iVE"Wl vn jlEtcOVE11'llV 't0C,1- xorrrru.

Tic 1'1<; appU8lJ,tE~ omvutoivn iJ A.100Kaivll, EVOO o.nayopEUE'tut 11 n pOKo.i:vajliOll Kat 11 olcro1tupajltOll. Tin 'tOU~ cr1to.crIJ,OU<; 010.~E1to.J..Lll, U1tocr'tllP1K't1KiJ o.yooyiJ.

espansta

I1A.UOll 01'OlJ,o.XOU iJ 1tPOKA.llOll EjlB'tOU, xoPiJYllcrll o'v8paKa. 6.1a1'iJPllcrll 1'll~ 1tiEcrll~ 'tOU ailJ,a'to<;. 6.16p8rocrll 1tl80.viJ~ OC,EOOcnc, 01a'tiJPlloll 'tll<; cr1'o.8J..Lll<; 1'OU KaA.iou. Ttn rnv aVnJ..LEnOm- 011 rcov o.PPU81J,1OOV anOq:lEuyoV'tat oupuu Ka 01tro~ 11 KlV10ivn K0.1 11 1tpoKo.t:valJ,iOll· Mxopst vu l)oll8iJcrE1 os 1)00ptE~ OllA.ll'tllP1(icrEL~ 11 0.1jloKO,8apoll· Toc,1KiJ 06crll 1,5 ypo.jl. Y1a EVllA.iKou<;.

KlV16ivll

EUI .. L7rTcOJ1.aTa: Ncurtn, EjlE'tot, oucro'pEcr'tll YEucrll, A.oc,uyyo.~, KEcpo.A.aA.yio., cruyxucrll, ~o.A. 11, o 11tA.OO1tia , Ec,acr8Evlloll 'tll ~ 6po.one, u1tvllA.ia, oucro.p8pia, a1'ac,ia, rpouoc, 1to.p0.1cr8iJcrE1~, o nuouot, u1to1'acrll, j3paouKapoio., KOA.nOK01A.1aKO~ anOKA.E1crIJ,0~, OlEUpuvcrll 'tOU QRS.

espans(a: I1A.UOll iJ EjlE'tO<;, xoPiJYllcrll uv8paKa. Yrroo-rnP1K1'1KiJ ayroyiJ. A rpoxtvn y1a 1'11 j3paouKapoio., yta 1'OU<; crnaououc Olo.~E1to.lJ,ll. Xoprivnon vronuuivnc; iJ VOPE1t1VEq:lpiVll<; ym rnv uno'tacrll. @EpanEUnKo. E1ttnEOa ctuaroc 1-2 mg/L.

H K1VlOivn ElV0.1 aA.Ko.A.OE1Ot~ rtou A.ajlj3o.vE1'0.1 0.1t6 'to q:lA.ot6 'tll~ cinchona Kat XPllcrtjlOnolEi'tut y1o. 1'11 8EpanEto. 'tOOV KapOlaKWV o.ppu8jltcOv. LUjln'tOOlJ,a'ta 1tPOKo.A.OUV1'0.1 o.n6 1 vpuu, Kat rtrivco.

EUJ1.nTcOJ1.aTa

YnEpOoooAoyio. Ka1 Ko.IJ,1o' cpopo. 00crE1<; cr'ta 8Epo.1tEU1'1Ko. nA.aicrta npo'Ko.AoUV nOVOKEq:laA.O, vuurtu, EIJ,j30E<;, OUOXEPEto. o tnv opuon, 01o.pp01a, ~o.A.ll, croj3o.PiJ n'toocrll 1'11<; itiEcrll<; us EC,o.AE11.Vll 'tOU OCPUYIJ,OU, VUO'to.YIJ,O, j3po.ouKapoio. xnt nvuzrveuo-nKiJ aVEno.pKElo.. LUXVE<; ElV0.1 01. aV1'10po.OE1<; U1tEpEU0.1cr811oia~ (xm ue J..L1KpE<; 06crE1~). 0pOIJ,j3onEv1KiJ nopcpupa urtopst vu nvnn'tux8Ei U01'Epa ano j3paxu 01o.01'lljlo. 8Epam;io.~ IJ,E K1VlOivn, IIuPE'tO<; o.1tO 'to q:lo.pjlaKO, KVlorocrll, o.1tOq>OA.iOOOOll Kat avaq:lUA.o.K'ttKo. q>0.1VOIlEVo. u-ropst Enicrll<; va Ejlq>o.vtcr80uv. 'Exouv EnicrTj~ o.vo.q:lEp8Ei 0.1jlOA.UnKiJ xut anA.acrnKiJ ovcuuc. Loj3apE~ ElV0.1

01 EKollAoocrE1~ ano 'tllv Kap01o.. '

To. HKr IKo. eupnurrtn oEixvouv uvdo rpoeo T, xurriortucrll rou ST, EUPU QRS, emurpcucusvo QR 01o.cr'tllIl0., npw'(IJ,E~ K01- A.10.KE<; crUcr1'OA£<;, exurrncovon 1'OU PR, KotA.10.KiJ To.xuKapoio. K0.1 K01.A.1a KiJ unpuupovn.

H npoKo.i:Vo.lJ,iOll XPllcrtjlO1tolEi1'at YLo. 'tll 8Epo.1tEia rcov xnp- 010.KOOV appU8jl1WV.

E1tinEoo. ofuuroc: 8Epa1t,Eu'ttKo. 8 ug/rnl, 1'OC,1Ko. 12-16jlg/ml. EUJ1.nTcOJ1.aTa: To. KUp10. xo.paK'tTjp1cr'tlKo. 'tll<; OllA.ll'tllPio.crll~ a1to 1tpoKa'ivo.jliOll sivm o1a'tapaXE~ 1'OU Ko.p010. KOU pu8J..LoU Ka1 n1'OOOll 'tll~ niEoll<;.

Desio. 011A,11T11P[aa11 (ana eveon): H 'taxEia EVOOq:lA.El)ta EYxucrTj u-ropet Vo.npOKaA.EcrE1 01a'to.paXE~ o to crq:luYjlO (EK'to.K'tOcrU01'OA.E<;) f] Kat Ec,aq:lo.VLcrf] 'tOU EV1'f;A.W~ ue collapsus Kat 1t'tW- 011 'tll<; niEcrll~ us crUYXPOVll Ejlq:lo.v1crll 01t0.0IlWV Ka1 8o.vo.'t0.

Xpovia 011A,11T11P[aa1J (A,T1lJ!1J ana TO aTOJ1.a): H cruvEXiJ~ xpiJon 'tll<; npoKa'(vajlloll<; npOKo.M:t nupE't6, piYTJ. KvnOIJ,O, Kviooocrll,

UVUO'tPE\jft~O ouvopouo EpU8Tj~U'tcD80u<; AUKOU Xropi<; EV'tOmOTj 0't0 KNL" c-rouc VE<PPOU<;. TEAo<; UKOKKWKU't'tUpU1~iu ro<; U11:0- 'tSAEO~U (!v"Ci8pcx.oTj<; U11:EpEuut08Tjolu<;.

espans{a: Avnuerdimcn "Cll<; KUPOtUKi)<; UVUK01ti)<;. Ttu "CTjV U1tO"CUOTj xpi)OTj vronnutvnc. Mnopouv va UV'ttIlE'trom080uv ot Otu"Cupuxs<; U1tO rnv KUPOHi ~E XOP"YlloTj Ot't"CUV8P<;lK1KcDV.

espansia

dtU'ti)PTjoTj UVU11:Voi)<;. A11:01lUKpuvoTj 'tou <pUP~UKOU 11:0U KU'tU11:08TjKE IlE SIlE"CO i) YUO'tptKi) 1tAUOTj. Xopi)YTjOTj UV8pUKU. Ain'ti)pTjOTj 1tlEOTj<; 'tOU niurrroc, AVT1~E"CcDmOTj IlE8Cll~00<PU1PtVUllltU<;.

'Orcv Tj IlE8U1~00<PU1piVTl U11:Epj3£i "Co 300/0 llxoPi)YTjOTj KUUYOU "Cou IlE8uAtviou OlVEt KUAU U1tO'tEASOIlU'tU OE OOOlll-2 mg/kg OE OtUAUIlU 10/0 EVOO<pAEj3iro<;. Av OEV U1tUPXE1, XOpTjYEt'tUl UOKOpj3tKO o;u EVOO<pAEj3iro<;.

LE j3UP1E<; KU"CUO'ttiOEt<; ~E8U11l00<PCllP1VUtlliu<; uvro rou 40% yiVE"CU1 u<PCll~U;0IlE"C6.YY10Tj OE j3ps<pTj.

AYYELOOlaG'taA 'tl KU

Nl"CproOE1<; €VcDO€l<;, oxo»; "CU <pUp~UKU: Vl'tPOYAUK€piVTl, "Cp1- Vt'tPOYAUKEpivTj, vnpcD8E<; UIlUAto, vt"CpcD8E<; vdrpio, E;UV1"CP1Ki) IlUVVnOATj, rs-cpnvrrpucf 1t€VTUEpu8pnOATj, OtvnptKi) 10000pj3tTOAll, 1tOU XPTj011l01tOWUVTU1 Y1U 'tTj OtUO'tOAi) 'troy o-rsouvintcrv KU111:TcDOTj 'tTj<; 1ti€Oll<; TOU uiIlUTO<;, 1tPOKUAOUV IlE8U11l00q>U1- prvcuuc. Tu Vt'tPtKU urropst VU Il€TUTPU1tOUV OTO €VT€P1Kd 1tEptj3UAAOV OE Vt'tProoll U1tO 'tTjV UVUyroY1Ki) Opuoll rrov uucpofitcov KUl vn 1tPOKUAEOOUV 8TjAll'tllPiuoll.

Tu Vl'tProoll XPllatIlO1tOlOUVTUl E1ttOll<; YlU TTj 8WTi)Plloll roo KOKKtvOU XPcD~UTO<; TOU KpEU'CO<;. dTjAll'tTjptUO£l<; ue vrrpucd uzropet vo: ou~j3ouv U1tO xpi)OTj VEPOU 1tTjYuOtou 1tOU 1t€PlEX€l vi'tPcDO€l<; €VcDOE1<; (uvm rcov 100 mg/Xtrpo), loiro<; OTUV uuro XPTjatll01tOlll8Ei Y1U 'tllV 1tUPUOKEUtl YUAU KTO~ j3PEq>cDV.

B€VGUKAaVTJ

.1.607]: 400 mg TTjV ll~EPU o»; UYYE100lClO'tUA'tlKO. ~vJ.lnrroJ.lara: N uu'ttU, s6.ATj, U1tO"Cuoll, KU"CUO'tOAtl, UAAEP')'1.KE<; UVT10pUOE1<;. AV"CEVOEiKVUTCll OE VE<PP1Ki) SK1tTrooll KCll KUpOlUKi) UVE1tUPKE1U. AKOIlU TPOIlO<;, UU1tVlU, 1tupU108tl0€1<;.

Oeoaneia: LUIl1t'troIlU'tl Ki).

KUKAUV't€A6.'tTJ

TIEPl<P€P1KO uYYEw8tuo'tUA'tlKO, XUllllAtl<; TO;lKO'tll"CU<;. Mrropst VU1tPOKUASOEl Epu8po'tTj'tu, 1tOVOKSq>UAO, TUXUKUPOlU, SUATj. rUO'tpEVTEPlKE<; uvro~uA1E<;, ooj3uPtl U1to'tUOTj AOYro TTj<; UYY€lOOlUO'tOAi)<;.

espans{a: A1tOIlUKPUvoll xm UVTlIl€Tromoll 'll<; U1tOTUOTj<;.

~vJ.lnrroJ.l at a

TIOVOKSq>UAO<;, Epu8llllU TOU Mp~u'to~, EIlETO<;, sUAll, collapsus, 1tTcDOll 1ti€Oll~, KUUVroOTj U1tO 1l€8U11l00<PUlptvulJliu, 01tUOlloi, Krollu KUl UVU1tVEUOTlKi) 1tUPUAuoll. LTU j3pS<pTj TO j3uouco cuurrrcouu ElVUl Tj KUUVUlOTj.

NIGEPYOAlVTJ

Xpnourozroteftm ox; UYYElOOlUO'tUAT1KO OE 800ll 5-15 mg rnv nuspn. M1tOPEi vn 1tPOKUAEO€l VUUTlU, EIlE'tO. L1tUVlU U1tOTUen, lAlYYO xrn €q>lOProoll.

espansia: LUIl1tTrolluTlKi) uyo)ytl.

Icro~ou1t pivTJ

Xpnotuozrotetrtn ro<; UYYE108lUO"CUA'tlKO.

LE IlEYUA£~ 800£1<; 1tPOKUA£t ll1tO'tUOTj, TUXUKUpoiu, €pu8llun 'tOU 1tPOOcD1tOU, VUUTlU, EIl£TO.

Oeoa neia : LUIl1tTUlIlUTlK".

Bovaa tnpuuca eoonuara

TIpoOOtOP101l0<; ~E8Clllloaq>CllptvulJliu<; O€ 1CEpi1C'tUlOll KUUvroonc.

N a<p'tlopoqwupi).:rt

OpOl'telvoupiu Kat vsqipucri em!)apUvOll Of; 1tep11t'tWOe1e.; 1tOU 1tPOU- 1ttlPXE VE<PP1Ktl !)Aa!)l1. TEAOe.; exel1tUpU'tllP118Ei U1tEpKaAlU1j.liu.

eepmrs(a: 'Eueror; tl 1tAUOll, XOPtlYllO'l1 aV8pUKU. AVT1j.leTOl1ti~e'tulll U1tO'tUO'l1I.l.E X,oPtlYllO'l1 uypwv 1. V. Kat UV xpelU0'8Ei us XOPtlYllO'71 vroxcutvnc. A0'8EVEie.; 1tOU rrripnv 7,5 YPUI.l.. Kn- 1t'to1tpiAlle.; tl 300 mg EVaAa1tpiA71e.;, tl 420 mg AtO'tV01tpiAlle.; 1tUpouctucnv 1.l.0VO U1tO'tuO'l1,

XP710'1j.l01totEi'tU1Q'tll 8~pu1teiu 1tep1<pep1KWV Kat EYKEq:>aAlKWV uyye1uKcOv 1tU8tlO'EOlV.

EVj.l.7rtwj.l.ata: Nuurtc , E1ttYUO''tPUAyiU, 01UPPOlU, KE<pUAUAyiu, ~aAll KU1 ce l.l.eyuAll 000'11 orcuo uot.

eepa7reia: LUI.l.1t'troI.l.UT1Ktl,

Xpnouionoieirm roe.; uyyelOoluO'tuAT1KO O'E 000'11 450-600 mg/nuspn. LE U1tEp!)OAtKtl XOPtlYllO'l11tpoKuAei'tat 'tuxuKupoiu, U1t6'tUO'l1 Kat 01EYEP'tlKU omvousvu 'tOU KNL

eepansia: Anounxpovcn rou q>UPI.l.UKOU Kat O'Uj.l1tTroI.l.U'tlKtl uyroytl us 101ui'tepll 1tpOOOXtl o rnv U1tO'tuO'l1·

EVj.l.nu'oj.l.ara: H 011AllTllPiuO'l1 us 'to <papj.luKO curo EivUl e1t1KivoUVll E10tKa OTU 1tUlOta, Tn 1tpoE1;upxov'tu O'Uj.l1t'tWj.lUTU EiVUl: BPUOUKUpoiu, U1tO'tUO'l1, KcOl.l.U Kat aVU1tVEUO''ttKtl KU'tUO'TOAtl, j.lU 0' 11 , j.lU1Ktl urrorovin Ka1 roXPoTllTU, APXtKcOe.; urcopei vc nupa'tllP118Ei U1tep'tuO'l1 , Tn O'UI.l.1t'tWl.l.u'tu upXi~ouv Evropie.; (30' - 2 cOpee.;) ,

eepa7rEla: IIAUO'l1 tl 1tp6KAllO'l1 EI.l.ETOU, XOPtlYllO"l1 UV8pUKU. Arpomvn ytu 'tll !)paouKupoiu, uvnuermmon 'tlle.; u1t6TUO'l1e.;. Fin roue O'nuO'l.l.oue.; olU~e1tUl.l.ll. Fur rnv UVU1tVEUO'HKtl KU-

TUO'TOAtl KUl 'to KcOj.lU O'UV10''tU'tat 11 XPtlO'71 vUA01;OVlle.;.

Fleptoepuco UYYElOOWO'tUA'tlKO,

EVj.l.nTwJ.LaTa: 'EI.l.E'tOe.;, E1t1yuO''tplKee.; KpUj.l1tEe.;, OtUPPOlU, epu811l.l.u. 'EXEt U1tO'tUO'lKtl OpuO'l1. ~1EYEPO'l1, O'1tuO'l.l.oi. L'tU rrmOlU TU O'Uj.l1tTroj.lU'tU stvm svrovorspn.

GJepa7re(a: LUI.l.1tTroI.l.UTtKtl aywYtl, A1tol.l.uKPUVO'l1, ovruieT6)1110'11 'tlle.; U1tOTUO'l1e.; Ka1 troy 01tuO'l.l.cOV us 01u~e1tUj.lll· Huspriour 000'11 24 mg/kg, evco I.l.E 80mg/kg 1tPOKUAOUvTat O'o!)upu O'UI.l.1t'tcOI.l.U ru ,

Y 1tO'to.0'1Ko.

Evp,7rtcOp,aTa: BPUOUKUpoiu, U1t08EPl.l.iu, 1;l1P6Tll'tu orounTOe.;, U1tO'tUO'l1, KU'tUO'TOAtl, KcOl.l.a, 1tUPKlVOOVlKO O'UVOPOj.lO, u8eTOlOlKee.; KlVtlO'Ete.;. 'Exouv uvuq>ep8ei 8P0I.l.J301tEViu, AEUK01tEVia KU1 Utj.lOAUHKtl uvuunn. AKOI.l.U J3AU!)l1 TOU tl1tUTOe.;. AVU<pEpeTat 8uvutoe.; O'e yuvuiKa I.l.E AtlWll 25 YPUI.l..

eepa7re(a: Anoudxpuvon us EI.l.Eto tl 1tAUOll, UV8PUKUe.;. Pu8- j.llO'l1 llAEKt POAU'tcOV. ~1UTtlPllO'l1 'tll e.; 1tiEO'l1 e.; (EUV XPElu0'8ei XoPtlYllO'l1 vroxcutvnc). LE !)upE1ec; Ko.'tuO''tuO'ele.; e<pupj.lO~ETat atj.loKa8upoll us 1KUV01tOtll'ttKU U1tO'tEAEO'j.lUTU.

OEPlOP10'j.lEVOe.; upt8j.l0e.; 1tEpt1t'tcOO'EroV 011All'tllP1UO'EOlv EXE1 uvu<pEp8ei.

EVj.l.7ru'oj.l.aTa: H U1tO'tUO'l1 stvoi 'to O'71j.lUV't1KO'tEPO ouurrrroI.l.U 1tOU urcopsf vn Ej.l<pUVl0'8Ei 1-6 cOPEe.; uno tll AtlWll. Bpoyxo- 01tUO'I.l.0e.; Exet uvaq:>ep8Ei uxouc Kat us 8EPU1tEU'ttKEe.; 000'E1e.;.

LVj.l.7rtcOj.l.ara: IIpoKaAEi tuxuKapoia, KUtUKPUt71O'71 UOUror; Kat Uu1;l1O'l1 J3apoue.;, OtaTapuxee.; HKr, svm 1tPOKUAEi urrep-

'tpiXCU011 OB uuxp« xpi]on, yt' uuro Kat EXBt B<pap)l009Ei 't01tLKW~ yta 't11 9Bpam:ia 't11~ <paA.aKpa~. 'EXEt 1tapa't11P119Ei rtsptKap5i'tt~, ...

@spam;{a: A1tO)l6.KPUV011 'tOU <paPIl6.KOU Kat aycuyii OUIlrerco urrrt Kii.

@spa1rs{a

A1tO)laKPUV011 roo <paP)laKOU )lE E)lE'tO ii 1tA.U011 , 6.v9paKa~, av'tt)lE'tcOm0111tapKtvOOV1.KOU cuvopouou, uvnuercomon unorn- 011~. Ttu 't11j3pa5uKop5ia urpontvn. rEVtK6.1tapaKOA.ou911011 yta 3 11)lEPE~.

AV'tLU1tEp'taOl xd,

IUJjnUlJl.Lara: H onunvtucotapn xupevepvetu stvm n opaoO'tO'ttKi] u1to'ta011IlE 't11V 1tpOn11 50011. 1:E u1tEp5000A.oyia n U1tO'tao11 OUVOOEUE'tat us 'taxuKap5ia KaL OUYK01tlKa omvouevc 15-90 A.E1t't6. )lE'ta 't11 A.n'lln. Mnopst va OUIlj3Et 'to (5to E1tELOo510 IlS )lLKPO'tsP11 50011, av ouvoua08Ei IlE j3-avao'toA.Ei~.

·AA.A.E~ EK511A.WOEL~ a1to 't11V 1tpal;,ooiv11 stvm I;,6.A11, xeooAaAyia, vnurtn, )lulKii aouvallia Kat u1tVTJA.ia, 5L6.pp01a KaL rrptn- 1tLOIlO~.

@t:pGm;{a: A1tO)laKPUV011 us E)lE'tO i] 1tA.uon, xopi]yno11 avBpu xu, Tic rnv op900'ta'tLKii u1to-taoll aVaAOYll 9EOll Kat YEVLKa KaAii 1tapaKOAOu81l01l Ka't6. ru; 1tp6ns~ WpE~. Edv XPEw08ei X,oPllYEt'tal vrormutvn, IlapaKoA.ou81l01l 'tll~ VS<pptKn~ AEl'tOUPyta~ Kat Ota'tnp1l01l E1tapKOU~ 5LOuP1l011~.

IUJjnulJJjara: Msrd a1to A.i]'II11 a1to 'to o-rouu, EVOO<pA.Ej3ta i] Evoo)lU1Kii XOP~Y11011, E)lcpavii;,oV'tat 1tOVoKEcpaA.O~, ooj3apii u1to'tao11. uvouptu, o-rsenvictc aVE1tapKEta. 1:B Xpovta 011A.1l'tnotcon: Ks<paA.aA. yia, 5LoYKOO011 A.B)l<paOivoov, Epu911)la'tw511~ A.UKO~, vEUpinoE~.

@t:pancia: 1:E 8Spa1tEu'tlKi] 50011, sdv E)l<paV1.080uv OU)l1t'tw-

Ila'ta, EAa't'twvE'tat 11 56011·

1:s u1tEp5000Aoyid: E)lE'tO~ ii 1tAUOll, av9pa Ka~, 8spa1tEia shock Kat uvouptuc. Ttu rnv u1to'taoll 11 vronuuivn OiVEl KaAa a1to'tEAEo)la'ta. 1:s 1tEpi1t'toooll LoXat)lia~ roo uooxnpotou XOPllyouv'tal aV'tayoovlo'tE~ rou aoj3Eo'tiou n l3-avao'toAEi~.

cDAPMAKA AYTONOMOY NEYPIKOY :l:Y:l:THMATO:l:

IVJj1r'tWJjara

1:U01t(iOB1~ u1toyao'tpiou, 5lappOla, spu91l)la OEp)la'to~J ~llporrrru o-rouuroc, OUIlq>0P1l01l 'tll~ )lu'tll~, apX1KW~ uzropst vu 1tapou01a08Bi U1tEp'taOll Kat 'taxuKapoia, svro ouvi]81l~ sivui 11 U1tO'ta011 1tOU 1tapa'tElVE'ta1 yta ll)lEPE~, j3paouKap5ia Kat 01t(1- V1a appu9)lia. LUIl1t'twlla'ta 1tapK1VOOVlO)lOU, A.i]9apyo~, a1tWAEta ouvEi51l01l~, o~Eia Kap51aKi] Ka)l'lln 15(oo~ OE Kapoto1ta8Bi~ i] vE<ppo1ta8Ei~ (Ka'taKpa't1l01l uoa'to~ xm vurptou) nxouu IlU- 011. Ka'tao'toA.i] tll~ cveorvoric 1tOU atvm ouvii9cu~ atria 9avaroo. 1:B 1tal516. EXOUV 1tapa'tllP1l9Ei onao)loi. H xpi]0ll oaK'tuAi'tloa~ aU~aVEl rnv m9avo't1l'ta appU8IlLWV.

H E1tlVEcppiVTJ (a5pEvaAivn), 11 scps5piVTJ Kat 'ta ouvuori cpapunxu XPllOl)l01t010UV'tal OB PLV1KE~ o'tayovsc; oo~ a1toou)lcpOPlltlKa, o-ro aoG)la Kat aA.AoU.

Ta cpapllaKa uurd )ls'tal3oAii;,oV'tal 'taXEOO~ Ka1 E'tOl 'ta ouu- 1t'tw)la'ta OEV OtapKOUV 1tOA.U (4-8 ropsC;).

IVJj1rrwJjGrG: Neurin, EIlS'tO~, KEcpaA.aA.yia, vsupucorrrru,

wspSetO'TOTll'W., WXPoTllTa, TaXUKapoia Tt J3paouKapoia, Iluopia- 0'11, OtaTapaxsc; errnv opnon , 01t1O'eOTOVOC;, O'1to.O'lloi, nVSU)..lOVtKO oiom.la, O'1taO''t'tKTtJ3poyxfnoa, KcO)..la, uvcnvsuo-ruoi aVS1t6.pxsto , xudvcoon. H o.PTllPWKTt 1tisO'll stvm auc,ll)..lSVll, 0.1.,1.,6. )..l1t0- psi vti Ko.TSJ3St K6.TW a1tO TO epuO'toAoYtKO apyoTspa. Evto-rs vsepptKTt aVS1tapKSto., o.xouc 1tOAU o1tavta sYKsepo.AtKTt muoppcyio.. H Vo.cpo.~oAivll, 11 oc,uj.lsTa~oAivll, 11. TSTpauopa~oAivll Kat 11. c,uAOj.ls'ta~oAiv11. urcopst vti npoKo.MO'ouv U1tOTo.O'll Kat KaTo.O'TOATt TOU KNL.

To. O'uj.l1taSoj.ltj.l11.nK6. ep6.pj.laKa O'S uopqni aspoAuJ.L6.'t'WV 1tpoKaAouv o.UC,11.O'l1 T11C; 1tl€0'11C; Kat j.lSTo.J3oATJ TOU Ko.pOWKOU pueuou.

eF.panda: A1toj.laKPUVCJ11 us susro TJ 1tAUO'l1 O''t'Oj.laXOU, XoPTJY11O'11 avepaKa Kat KaSapnKOU, EASYX0C; 'rllC; apT11ptaKTJC; ms- 0'11C;. Ftu T11V aVTtj.lSTcOmO'l1 't'11C; unEpTaO'11C; urcopouv va XP11crtj.101tOt11eOUV TO VtTp01tPWO'O'tKO V6.TPto, 11 VtepsOt1tiV11 Tt 11 uopaAa~tV11. Ttn 't11V 'to.xuKapOia XP11atj.101tOtstTat 11 1tpo1tpaVOAoA11 IlS 1tpoO'OXTJ O''to. aTOj.lo. us J3poyxoO'1to.Oj.lO TJ 6.O'Sj.la.

AvTtj.ls'tc01t1011 orruoucov j.ls Ota~S1t6.j.l11.

Oi O'nouoato'tspSC; ouotsc T11e; KaT11yopio.C; o.u't" C; sivm:

Eqisoptvn Bmveqiptvn IO'01tpSVaAtV11 IO'01tPOTSPSVOA11. IO'oc,ou1t pivn AsJ3ov't'o1ta Mo.~tv'C6A11. MSTa1tpo'CspsVoATl MseuAoepsVtOa'tTl MSCPSVTSPj.liv11

N o.epo.~oAiv11 Nrourcournutvn Nronuutvn

EUAo Ils'Co.~oA tV11 L.aAJ3oUTo.j.lOA11 Tsp j.lnou'taAivTl TETpai.iopo.~oAiv11 <I>svuAEeppivTl

<I>EVUA1t po1tavoAaj.livTl

Flpoxsrrm yta OtSYSPTtKEC; OUO'iEC; 'tou KNL 1tOU, EK'tOC; czto oc,sio. OTlA11T11piaO'Tl 1tOU unopst vti 1tPOKo.AEO'OUV, O'XETi~ov'tat

ouxv6. us XPOVtSC; SKOllAcOO'SlC;, YWTt 'to. epapllo.Ka aUT6. XP11O't- 1l01tOWUV't'at Kat YW T11.V sixpoptn 1tOU 1tpoKaAouv.

TSTOto. cp6.p)..lo.Ka stvrn: uuoercutvn, IlSeo.)..lcps'ta)..liv11., cmvIls'tpo.~tV11., IlSeUAepSV10aTll, OlEeUAnp01t10V11, ourvrspuwn, KAop't'SPj.ltV11, 1tSj.lOAtV11, 1tP01tUASC,SOpiV11, Ka11tt1tpo.oOA11.

Euuscttbsurt«: A1to 'to Ko.pOWYYStaKO cuo-rnun To.xuKapoia, U1tSpTaO'11., O'T11.SaYX1KoC; 1tOVOC;. LS J3apursp11. j.lOPCPTt, U1tOTaO'11. us collapsus TJ KOtAWKTt unpuupuvri. A1tO TO KNL nvnouXio., uxspxwnruccrrrco., au1tvio., OTo. 1t0.10ta 1tapcic,sv11 O'Uj.l1tSpupopu, sepiOPWO'l1, U1tSpSSPj.llo., j.luOpio.O'11., a'tac,ia, TPOj.lOC;, O'no.ouoi, O'1t6.vta o.YYSto.KO SYKsepaA1KO S1tStO'OOto, e6.vaTOC;. Ano rnv 'VUX1KTt orpnipn sixpoptn, ouO'epopia TJ KaTaO''toATJ. L.T11 XpOVto. XpTJO'11 T11v suqioptn Oto.O€XSTo.l Ko.To.O'TOATJ. Bimsc; svsPYStSC; OSV stvnt ozrrivteq.

espans{a: ·Ej.lE't'OC; Tt 1tA60'11, XOPTJY11O'l1 6.vSpaKo. Kat 0.1.,0.T06xou KaSap't'tKou. H ap't'11ptaKTt 1tisO'11 vc SMYXE'tat OUVSXcOC;. LS ooJ3apTJ u1tep't'ao11 XOP11ysi't'at vtTP01tPWOOtKO V6.TP10. Tic T11V U1tspSsPllia 'VUXpa S1t1eSj.laTa f) U1tOSSPlltKeC; KOUJ3Ep'tSC;.

Fur roue; o1taO'j.l06c; ota~E1t6.j.l11. 0 aoeEvf)c; vo. J3P10'KSTat O'S f)O'UXo 1tsptJ3aAAov xwpiC; spse{O'j.lo.'to. SC,O)'CSP1Ka. H OC,tv11 0106- P11O'Tl J3011S6.E1. Tur O'oJ3apEC; 'VUXWOtKEC; avnopaO'StC; ('VSUOatoSf)osic) XOP11ystTUl 11 o.A01tSP100A11 I.M. 1tOU urtopst vc S1to.Vo.ATlepSEL

To. O'ull1tTcOj.laTa coro U1tSpOOooAoyia apxi~ouv sveoptc, om:oc; TaXUKo.poia, j.luopio.011 Kat 01to.Oj.l0i. EK'tOC; o.no rnv To.XUKo.pOto. 1tapo.'CTlPSiTat U1tEpTa011 Kat KapOlaKEC; appuSj.lisc;. E1ttO'11C; EXEl O'uj.lJ3si KapOWKTt cvmcomi. Axouu ava1tVSuo'CtKEC; Ola'tapaXEC; exouv 1to.paT11P11esL A1t6 'to KNL. EXOUV 1tSptypo.epBi o.V11- O'uxio., U1tSPtOpwO'to., KAOVOC;, 0.6C,11011 o.V'Co.Vo.KAo.O'nKcOv, KcOuu.

eF.pans{a: Anoj.l6.KpuVO'11 TTle; ouotcc coro TOV opvoviouo xuptox; IlS 1tA60'11 Kat 6xt us EIlSTO Yla'Ct sj.lepo.vi~ov'to.t sveoptc; onaouot. XOP11YstTat 6.vSpaKac; Kat KaSapnKO.

l

Fin 'tOU~ onuoj.106~ XPllCHj.1onOtEt'tat 11 olU~EnUj.111, ytU 'tl~ uppu8j.1iE<; 11 A100KuiVll KU1 I'm rnv 'tUXUKUpO{U n nponpcvoxoAll· H un~p1tupE';iu u'Vnl.um:01ti~E'tUl j.1E qmCHKu j.1EOU.

A"\jIllnooo'tll'tu~ 1tUVW uno 28 mg/kg aXEl srrupepet 8uvu't0.

Arpontvn B11tEP10iVll Ej.1E1tpOVlO Ioonpozmuton KA10ivlO KUKA01tEV'tOAU'tll OJ.1U'tPo1tfVll

O';u!3oU'tuviVll IIp01tuv8EAiVll LK01tOAUj.1iVT] TptE,;ucpEVtv'tUAll TP01ttKUj.1 {011 YOOKiVll YOOKUUj.11Vll

01tUVlU Kat upposuta, uU';11011 'tll<; Evoocp8UAj.11U~ ntsonc. To';tKE~ oOOEt~ (5-10 mg " nEp1000'tEpO) 1tPOKUAOUV 1tUPE'tO, ';l1PO'tll'tU Kat Epu8pO'tll'tU 'tou Mpl-lu'to~, ';l1po'tll'tU o rouuroc, ouoxapE1u crmv 0j.11Aiu, Em8E't1K" cuurcepupopri, 1tUPUAtlPllI-lU, ruxu1tuAj.1iu, 'tuxunvOtu, E1t10XEOll oupcov, j.1U1KE~ KpUj.11tE~, 1tUPE'tO, onU0j.10u<; Kat KcOj.1U. H OK01toAUj.1iVll OUVtl8w<; npoKuAEl KU'tUO'tOA" 'tOU UVU1tVEUOnKOU xsvrpoo Kat Kc.Oj.1U.

H olUyvWOll 'tll~ 011All'tllPiuOll~ uxopst vn OUYXU8Ei j.1E uruXWCHK" OUj.11tEpt<pOPU, EVcO O'tU 1tatOtU 0 1tUPE'tO~ KU1 11 EPUSpOrnru 'tOU cSEpj.1u'to~ u nopst vu EKAllCP8Ei W~ 1tUl01K" VOOo~.

eEpaJreia: d1u't"Pll0ll EAEU8EPWV 'tWV UEPO<POPWv oOc.Ov.

A1tOj.1UKPUVOll 'tOU 011All'tll piou j.1E 1tAUOll " Ej.1E'tO, XOP"Yll011 uv- 8PUKU Kat Ku8upnKOU. Avrtooro 'tll~ urponivnc Kat 'tWV ouvuqxov EiVU11l oucoo-nvutvn lOlUl'tEPU Y1U ru; tV'tOVE~ uvnXOAtVEPYtKE~ EKOllAcOOE1~. H 1tPOO'tlYj.1iVll Kat 11 vsoo nvutvn E';OUOE'tEPcOVOUV n~ 1tEPl<PEPtKE~ EKOllAcOOEt~ 'tll~ 011All'tllP{UOll~ j.1E urpoztvn, uAAa 6X1 ru; KEV'tP1KE~. LE U1tEp1tUPE';iu, Y1U 1t'tcOoll 'tll~ 8EPj.10KpUoiu~ roo orouuroc; ECPUpj.10~ov'tat \jIUXPu Em8Ej.1Urn. Avnusrmmcn 01tuoj.1c.ov j.1E OtUSE1tUj.111, Evuoa'twoll Kat OlOUPll0ll <pUiVE'tat vu !301180uv. H atj.1oKu8upall stvrn Uj.1<Pi!3oAll<; U1to'tEAEoj.1unKo'tll'tu<;.

dOOll oocoo-nvutvnc: IIutou: 50l-lg/kg j.1EXPl 0,5 mg Kat EVT\AlKOl 2mg EV'tO<; 5'. H 000'11 uxopet vn E1tUVUAllcp8Ei EUV XPEtUoSci j.1E j.1EY10'tll 2 mg ytU 1tatOtU Kat 6 mg Y1U EVT]AiKOU~, IIpooox:n XPEtU~E'tUl o'tll XOP"Yllall cpuooo'ttYj.1iVll<; OE u'toj.1U j.1E !3poyxoo1tual-lo " !3POYXtKO u08j.1u.

AAKaAOEloi) 'tll~ ,...1tEAAav't6va~ Kal O"uv8E'tlKa 1tapayo>ya. AV'tllOAlVEPYlKt~ OUO"iE~

EK'tO~ U1tO 'tu UAKUAOEtO" 'tll<; j.11tEAAUV'tOVU<; U1tUPXEt OEtpo. OUV8E't1KcOV uvnxoA1vEpytKcOv OUCHc.OV 1tOU XPllalJ.101tOtOUV'tat EhE w~ 01tU0j.10AU'tlKU " w~ UV't11tUPKtvOOVIXU " ornv 0<p8UAj.1oAoyiu w~ j.1uopmnKu " KUKA01tAllytKa.

01 a1tOUOUtO'tEPE<; aivm:

H urpomvn, II OK01tOAUj.1ivll, 'tU OUYYEvi! UAKUAOE10i! KUt 'tU OUV8UtKU U1tOKU'tUO'tU'tu EXOUV KOtV" CPUPj.1UKOAOY1Ki! Spd- 011· dllAll'tllPtUOEt<; aUj.1!3ulvouv a'tu 1tatOtU KUl un6 cpmu 1tOU 1tEptexOuv 'tU oXEnKa UAKUAOEtOi!. Tsroi« <pU'tU stvm 11 Atropa belladonna, Hyoscyamus niger, Datura stramonium Kat 0 Mnvopuyopu~.

H 8uvU'tllCPOPO~ 0001l 'tll~ urpozrivnr; i! OK01tOAUj.1iVll<; o ru 1tUtOtU uxopst vn stvm XUj.111Ai!. LUXVU oUj.1!3uivouv 011All'tllP1UOEt<; uno KOAAUP1U urpozrtvnc, ytu'ti 2 O'tUYOVE~ 1tEp1eXOuv 1 mg.

LVj..tJru.oj..tara: KUP1E<; EKollAcOaw; 011All'tllPiuOll~ j.1E uurn ru cpUPj.1UKU stvm: 1tUpuAi!Pllj.1U, 'tuxu1tuAj.1iu KU1 1tUPE't0<;. eEpU1teu't1KE~ oOOEt~ urpomvnc, OK01toAuj.1iVll~ i! UAAWV UV't1XOA1VEpytKc.OV CPUPj.1UKWV j.11tOPEl vu 1tPOKUAeOOUV j.1uopfu- 011, OlU'tUPUXE~ 'tll<; opucnc (KUKi! 1tPOOUPj.1oyi!), 'taxuKupoiu,

A1tO'tEAEOj.1U rrov OPUOEcOV roue EivU1 11 01EYEpoll rcov uooiv Kat rrov YUYYAiwv reoo vsopouvrrn U1tO 'to 1tUPUOuj.11tu811nKo vEUpuco ouo rnuu.

Lvj..tJrroJl-iara: H xupin EKoi!Awoll rcov 011All'tllPlaoEwv I-lE 'tu 1tupunuvw cpupj.1aKa eLVa1 01 UVU1tVEUOnKE~ avwl-luA1E~.

Tpouoc, EV'tOVOC; nE:ptO'taA'ttOjlOC; 'tOU EV'tEPOU ue aKOUClta a<poOEUOTJ Kat OUPTJOTJ, !J.UOTJ, EjlE'tOC;, I3pon:60nao!J.0c; !J.E: oupvvuo, !J.u1KEC; o~~:meioE.t<;, At'l:t:08ujlia, !3paouo<puY!J.ia, oxuouot Kat 8avuroc; ano ao<pu!;,{a " KapOtaK" nauoTJ.

IIpoCToXij: Ta napa1teivco <peip!J.aKa 8a 1tpEnEt va oioov'tat !J.E npooox" OE: a08jla; yayyp mvn , Ota!3"'tTJ, KapOtaK" " aYYE:IaK" vooo, !J.TJxavtK" an6<ppal;TJ 'tOU yaO'tpEV'tEptKOU Kat OUP01tOtTJ'ttKOU.

@span:eia: AnOjleiKpUVOTJ 'tOU <pap!J.a KOU us E!J.E'tO " nAUOTJ, XOP"YTJOTJ eiv8paKa, Ota't"PTJOTJ 'tTJ<; cvo.nvoric !J.tXPt va 00- 8Et 'to nvrtoo'ro. QC; aV'tioo'to XPTJCIljlOn01E1'tCtl TJ urpontvn. XoP"YTJOTJ 1-2 mg 1.V. !3paMwc; yta EVTJAiKouC; Kal 0,02-0,04 mg/kg yta nalOtei. H OOOTJ !J.1tOpEi vc E1taVaATJ<p8Ei oUx,vei, 000 stvrn avaYKaio yta rnv uvnxooqnon rcov oU!J.1t'tco!J.ei'tcov. Arruvopaus'tat TJ x,p"oTJ uop <ptVTJ <;, 8EO<pUAAtVTJ<; Kat <PatV08Eta~WWV.

OtKO vrrrpto tXet KaAa anO'teAEO!J.a'ta O'tTJ 8EpanEla 'tTJC; rrept<pEptK"C; toXatjliac;. XOPTJYEi'tat apX1Kei 0,5!J.g/kg 'to AEn'tO nvdAoya !J.E 'ta OUjl1:nWjla'ta uno OUVEX" napa KOAOU8TJoTJ· Ttu rov ioto OK01tO EXEt XPTJCltjlO1tOtTJ9Et TJ 1tpa~ooivTJ Kat TJ xurcronptATJ. H OEI;'tpeiVTJ Kat TJ EYXUOTj TJ1tapivTjC; EX,OUV XPTJCltjlonotTj8Ei "fla 'tTJV ano<puyfj ox,TJjla'tlOjlOU 8pOjl!3cov. Ttn 'tOUC; onaojlou<; OIa~E1teijl TJ. Tin 'tTJV u1to'taoTJ vronuutvn.

Xpovia OTJATj'tTJ pinon: dtaKOn" rou <pap!J.ei KOU av suonvr- 090uv oU!J.n'twjla'ta. H yeiyypatva 8a a1tal't"OEt X,ElpOUPY1KTl nvnjlE:'tw1ttOTJ .

B-A3pl:VEpyuwi (lv(lO'wld<;

Acu nE'taAoATJ, jlE:'t01tPOAOATJ, 13E:'tac,oAoA TJ, 01;1t PEVOAOATJ, mVOOAoATJ, rtpon paVOAoATJ, oO'taAoA TJ, njlOAoATJ.

:EE nepin'tcooTJ unepooooAoyiac; os uytTl u'tojla !J.nopEi va !J.TJV ejl<paVl080uv ouoeipEo'ta e1taKOAOu8a, EVW OE urouc us KapolaK" VOOo " us 13 pOYX,l KO a08jla xrn !J.1KpO'tE:PE:C; ooow; urcopei vn stvm E1ttKivoUVEC;.

IV/.in:rro/.iam: Nuurta, sueroi, ~eiATJ, OffiYEPOTJ, anw4tU aloBiJcecov, napCtl08"OE1C;, tv'toVT) I3paouKapoia, KapOtaKoc; a1toKAEtouoc, uno'taoTJ, Kapola K" Kajl\jfTJ, I3poyxoO'1tao!J.oc;, O'nao!J.oi, un:oyAUKat!J.ia. E1tioTJC; tXEl 1tapa'tTJPTJ8Ei o11tA.w1tia. H Aajl1tE'taAoATJ 1tpoKa4i 101ai'tepa op800'ta'tlK" uno'taO'TJ Kat I3paouKapoia.

H np01tpaVOAOA.TJ npOKaA.E1 uno'taOTJ. !3paouKapoia Kat KapOlaKO urcoxxstouo, EVW Tj oo'taA.OA.TJ j3paouKapoia, noA.ueo-ne KEC; KOlA.laKE<; EK'taK'tE:C; OUO'tOA.E<;, KOtA.la K" !J. ap uupuvri,

@span:E.ia: TIA.UO'TJ O''tOjleiX,OU" EjlE'tOC;, X,OP"YTJOTJ av8paKa.

Y1t00'tTJP1K'tlKl'j aycoy". :Euvex,,,~ napaKoA.o68TJOTJ 'tTJC; KapOtaK"~ A.Et'toupyiac; Kat 'tTJC; ap'tTJptaK"C; 1tiEO'TJ~. LE nEpi1t'tcoOTJ !3paoUKapoia~, Yla EVTjA.iKOUC; X,OPTlYTjOTJ a'tponivTJ<; 0,6-3 mg EVOO<pM!3ta, yIa natotei 50jlg/kg xm E1taveiA.Tj\lfTJ av XPEla08ei. Eiouycoy" !3TJ!J.a'tooo'tTJ.

:EE: nEpi1t'twO'TJ uno'taoTJ C; x,oP"YTJO'TJ yA.UKayoVTJ ~ 50-100 ugv'kg EVOO<pA.E!3iw<; usou OE l ' Kat O'tTJ ouvtXEla O'tclyOTJV EYXUoTJ 1-5 mg/oipc Tl xrn x,oPTlYTjO'TJ vrounootuutvnc; (2,5-20jlg/min).

Tu aA.KaAOEtOTl 'tTJC; E:PUCIl!3WOOUC; OAupa<; Kat ru 1tapaycoya XPTJO't!J.on010lN'tat O'tTJ 8EpaneunK" "fla 'tTJV nuixpuvtn Kat ex; un'tpOOUO'taA'tlKei xrn stvut TJ epyoruuivn, TJ 0100poepyo'tajliVT). Ottiopoepyo'to~iVT). TJ epvovofnvn Kat TJ !J.E8uAoepyovo!3iVT). H OlUopoEpyo'ta!J.iVT) XPTJOtjlonotei'tal COC; !3EA.'tlCOnKO 'tTJC; KUKAO<popiac;.

Iv/.in:rro/.iara O~g(a OTJATJTllP1aOTJ: sueroc, OlappOta, Ke<paA.aA.yia, aul;TJO'TJ " 1nWOTJ 'tT)C; 1tieOTJ~ 'tOU ciuuroc, KUUVCOO'TJ, 'taXUKapoia, ouO'nvOta, xovo; 0''t0 0't,,80C;, iA.1YY0C;, onao!J.oi, anw4ta O'UVEioTJoTJC;. NE<PP1K" EK1t'tCOO'TJ Kat 8po!J.!3WO'TJ EX,OUV ava<pEp9Et.

Xpovia OTJA.TJ'tTJpiaoTJ (epvo nouoc): Tu O'u!J.n'tw!J.a'ta rtpoEPXOV'tat a1t6 O'uonaO'TJ rrov ayyEicov xrn EA.a't'tcooTJ 'tTJ C; KUKA.O<popiac; rou utuuroc, 01tro~ jlouotCtO'!J.a Kat \jfux,p6'tTj'ta rorv aKpcov ue rcovouc, rcovoc; 0't0 0't,,80C;, OA.tyoupia xm yeiyypatVa rrov oaK'tUA.WV rrov n001WV Kat x,eptWV.

@span:Ela

Ol;eia OTjA.TJ'tTJPiao11: 'E!J.E'toC; it 1tA.UO'TJ O'tOjleiX,OU, X,OPitYTJO'TJ aV8paKa Kat Ka8apnKOU. Tin 'tTJ O'UO'1ta011 'tCOV aYYEiwv Kat 'tTJV unEp'ta011 OEV evOetKvU'tat 11 'toA.a~oA.tvTJ. To vrrpozrpoxr-

d TJATJ'rTJpulow; us CPUp I.L(lKU • 85

H YAUKUYOVTJ XOPTJYEhm OtOTt svepvonoict .TJ ).tUOKUPOLUKit UOEVUAKUKAUOTJ it OE EV£PYEW UU'rit OEV E~OUOE.EpcOVE'rat urro 'rOU~ [3-UVqJJTOAEi~. ETI;( [3poyxoorruo).tou xopitYTJOTJ OUA[30U'rUj.!.OATJ~ OE eio nvon it Kat a).tWOcpUAAiVTJ~ EvoocpM[3w.

Xopnvn OTJ YAUKO~TJ t; EVOOcpA£j3ta ytu 'rTJV UrrOyAUKUwia. H at).toKu6apoTJ oev EXet orrouoa{a OpUOTJ. ErrirrEOU Ui).taTO~: TlporrpuvoA6ATJ: 0epurreu.tKU 0,1 ug /rnl, 'rO~tKU 2).tg/ml, O~rrpevoAOATJ: 0Eparrw.tKU 0,2).tg/ml, .0~tKU 2).tg/ml.

86).ta'ra. H A0\7n1 uywYit 6a stvrn courrrrouurucri. 'Orrrv urrupXOUV £V.OVE~ aVTtXOAtvEPytK£t; EKOTJAcOOEt~ TJ xopitYTJOTJ CPUOoo'ttY).tivTJt; E~OUOE'rEpcOVEt 'rt~ uvnxoAtvEpYtKE~ opuoet~ rcov uv'tttO'rUj.!.tvtKcOV 0.0 KNL Enuctvduvn 6EcopEhm ytu ru uvruo ruJ.lVtKU TJ 11000.TJ.u 110U U11Epj3UtvEt .TJ OtTrAUotU it .ptrrAUow ).tEyto'tTJ nuspnotn o60TJ·

ANTIIl:T AMINlKA flIAPMAKA

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ANTIBIOTIKA - ANTIMYKHTIAl:IKA

01 UIl-1VoyAUKOoi8E:<; stvm BUptO<; <PO.OJ..l,U'tO<; uvnlnorucd, rrou unoppoecrvrm nOAo Al"{o uno 'to YUO'tPBV'tBPtKO. L'tllV Ku'tll"{opiu mrrorv rcov <pUPJ..l,UKWV uno."{OVmt: UJ..l,lKU01Vll, YBvruJ..l,uKiVll, KUvUJ..l,UKIVll, vsouoxwn, VB'ttAIl-UKiVll, OlOOJ..l,UKtVll, o'rpsrrrouuxtvn, rounpuuuxtvr]. OAU rn <pUPIl-UKU uzroppoporvrm E:UKOAU E:VOOJ..l,UlKcOe; XOPllYOlJIlBVU KUt cp'tUVOUV 'to unUt'tOOIlBVO BnlnE80 0't0 utuc BV't6<; 30". 8BpunsunKu E:ninBOU OPOD UIl-1KUOtVlle;-KUVUJ..l,UKiVll<; 16-32 ug/rnl, ,,{E:V'tUIlUKiVll<;-'tollnpuJ..l,UKiVll<; 5-12 ug/rnl,

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H TO!;,lKO'tllTU uu'tn eJ..l,cpuVtsB'tat OUxvo'tE:PU OE u'tOllu us ll-e1WIlEVTt ve<pptKt'l AE:1'tOUp,,{iu.

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KlvoJ..ove<;

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@epa7reia

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Ol1'£'tpaKUKAiv£<; O'UYK£V1'PWVOV1'at O''ta OO''tU Kat ern 8ov'ttu o rnv 1tEpi080 aVU1t'tuSll <; rcov 1tat8twv us unoTEAEO'~U rnv Ki1'Ptvll XPWO'l1 reov 80v'ttWV Kat 1'l1V uvaO'TOATl aV<l1t'tUSll<; 1'WV OO''tWv.

@cpa:m:;{a: Anoudxpuvon us £Jll':'to"; 1tI..U011, XOP'';Y11011 uv- 8pUKU. Ot l':K011I..WOW; U1tO 'tu OtuQ)opu oUO"'t";Jlu'tu uvnuerco- 1ti~ov'WtU VUI..OyCD~.

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@cpa7u:ia: Arroudxpuvon JlE £JlE'tO Ti 1tAVOT], xoPTiYT]O"11 uv- 8pUKU. Fur ru; EK011I..WOEtt; U1tO 'ta OlUCPOpU ouonlJluTu avuAo- 1'11 UV'tlJlE'tW1tl011·

Nrcporpoupuvrotvn

Luv8£'ttKO UV'tlj3aKT11PtaKo 'lP11atJlO1tOlOUJl£VO EtOtKU o ru; OUPOl..atJlW<;£l~. L£ 1tl':pi1tTroOT] U1tEpOOooAoyiat; vrr poooupc vroiVT]t; ru j3aatKo't8.pU OUJl1tTWJla'ta 1tOU Jl1tOP£l va OT]JllOUPY1180uv stvrn VUUTta Kat su er 01. E1ti011t; atJlOI..UnK"; aval).Liu )..oyro EAA8.t'VT]t; roo EV~UJlOU G6PD. IToAuvwpo1tu8£tu stvm O"1tuvta av U1tUPXEt KUl..tl V£Q)PlKTi I..ElToupyia. ~EP).LU'tlKU £<;av8Ti).Lu·w ixouv 1tUpaTT] pT]8£i Kat o1ta viorapo 01<1).L8.011 rtvsuuovtrtou.

@cpaJrcia: Xoprrvnon Jl£YUAOOV nooo nrrcov UYPWV Kat aAKaA01toiT]Oll 'tOOV OUpOOV. Em VECPP1Ktl~ UV8.1tapK£tU~ 11 UWOKU- 8uP011 uxopst VU 130118TioEt.

Avn(j)uIlUtlKO: qHiPIlUKo.

XPllCH).L01t01Ehat yta T11 8Epa1tEiu 't11t; CPU).LUTtroo11t; O£ oooT] 15 mg/kg/24ropo.

LV{.!JrTcO{.!a'ta: f'ucnpEv'tEptKE~ otu'tupax€~, UI..I..EPYlKO 8.<;uv- 811).LU, 1tUPETO~ Kat KEQ)al..ul..yiu. H O"11Jlav'ttKOTEP11 ElVUt 111tPOKI..11011 om080j301..j3tKit~ v£uphtoa~. LX8.'ti~E'tUl ).LE 'tll 00011 Kat apxi~Et JlE ouoxproJla'to'Viu Kat K£V'tptKU OKO'tcO).LaTa. 'E'lEl UVUcpEp8Ei 1tEptCPEptKit vsuportrifletu.

Oeoaneia: LE 1tEpi1t'tOO011 A";'V11~ JlEYUl..roV 1tOO"OTtl'tOOV ouVlQ'tU'tat 11 U1tOJlaKpUVOll JlE EJlE'"CO tl1tAUOll· Am1ttl ayooYtl OUJl- 7t'tOOj . .tanK";. H UlJlOKo.8upo11 it II 1tEpt'tOVU1KTl 1t AU 011 EXOUV ECPUpJlo08Ei JlE E1tl'tuXiu. Tm 't11V orr rucri vwphtoU £XSl 'lOP11'Y118d 11 Brr. Bu. Aoo n 10 vpcu. E8uJ..ll3oU'tOAllt; 1tPOKUAEi 01t'tlKTi VEUpinou,

XP11atJlO1tOlEi'"Cat 0't11 8Epa1tEiu Tll~ Q)u).LaTioooT]t; O"E OOOT] 5-10 mg/kg/24ropo, JlE'YtO'tO OE 8.V11AiKOUt; 300-600 mg, 1tatOtU 300 mg. Aoon 35-40 mg/kg 1tpOKaAEi o1taoJlout;, EVW > 80 mg/kg Jl1tOpat vn atvrn 8uvU't11CPoP0t;.

0uvu'"C0t; EXEl E1tEA8El U1tO Atl'Vll 10-15 'YPUJl. OE EVT]l..iKOUt;.

LV{.!Jr'"Cw{.!a'ta

Ta 1tPOO'tUP'ltKU cuurcroiurrm sivm 'taxuKapoia, JlU1K£t; ou- 01tUO"Ett;, 'YEVlKEU).LEVOl KAOV1Koi Kat rovucot orruouot, vcurtc, iAt'Y'Y01, £JlE'tOt, Ota'tapa'lTi T]AEK'"CPOAU'"CcOV, U1t8.P'YAUKU1Jlia, UK8.rovouoto., O<;£roo11, 1t'tW011 rrtson t;. LOj3UPEt; 1tEPl1tTWo"Elt; £'lOUV rot; U1tO't£AEOJlU KOOJla, 01tUOJlOU~, U1tVota, KuavroOT], appu8).Lia Kat 8UVUTO U1tO aVU1tVWonKtl1tUpUAUOTl Kat KUKAOCPOptKTi EK- 1t'tOO011. E1tiOTlt; 1tapm08tl ostc, 1tEptQ)EP1K"; vwpi'tlOU, Tl1tU'ttKit j3AUI3Tl, 01t'tlKit vEUpi'ttOa ).LE o.rporptn Kat 'tUCPAOO011.

0cpaJrcia

Tn OUl-J:1t'tcOJlUTU EJlCPavi~ov'"CUl YPtl'YOPU UKO).La xrn 30' JlE'to. 't11 Atl'V11 1'1' umo Emj3uAAE'tat 11 '"Cu'lEia U1tO).LUKPUVO"T] JlE 1tAV- 0T] UKO).L11 Kat 2-3 WPEt; JlE'tU 't11 ATl'V11, UAAo. JlOVO OTUV EAE'Y'l80uv at o xacuot. ~ta'tllP11011 't11t; ava1tvo";t;. XOP";YTlOT] ot't'tav-

6PUKIKOU Nn YLU 1'nV o/;Eroo11. Fur 1'OV EAf.YXO rcov OnUO~cDV XOPiiY11011 otUSf.nu~l1C; ii l3upl3t't'OuptKcDv. AC; 011~f.1ro6f.i 01'1 ot o nucuof un6Y;Jovtusio11 O§V f.MYXOV1'at UV Of.V UnOKu1'uO'1'U6f.i OWO'1'U TO pH 1'OU opou, H Kupiw<; 6f.punEiu rcov oxuoucov yiVf.,[Ul us XOpiiY11011nuploo/;iVll<; (I3t1'u~iVll<; B6)' LUvt01'Cnut 11 XOPiiY11011 f.voo<pAf.~iroC; nooo1'l1'[uC; us 1'l1V uvuAoyiu 1 ypu~. B6 ytu Ku8f. vpuuudpio 10'0vtusio11<;. H 00011 uxopst vn f.nUVuA11<P6£i. H xoPiiY11011 1'11<; B6 OUVI01'U1'Ul VU yivf.1'at 0'13 Ku6f. nf.pin't"roo11 unspOOO'OAOY{U<; 't"11<; to'oVtusi011<; Kat rtptv f.K011Aro60uv UK6~u OU~n1'wJ,J..U1'u. Av ot o rtuouot Of.V f.AEYXOV't"Ul us B6 OUVt01'U1'Ut 11 ui~oKu6uPOll·

H Ul~oKu8uPO'l1 Kat 11 nf.pl't"OVUtKii 1tAU011 ~01180uv Un01'EAf.O~U't"tKU Of. U0'8f.vti<; 1tOU 1tiipUV 6ava1'11<Popf.<; 060131<;. H rooJ,J..w't"tKii OtoUPlloll E1tiollC; 130118u 't"l1v anEKKpton.

IIapU-UJ.llVO-OUAlKUAIKO O~u (PAS)

TO~ZK£r; Boaoeic: Nourtn, E~f.'t"Ot, avopE/;ia, Enwa01'paAyia KUt otuppota. AvnCpUoEtC; unEpEUat0611otac; 01tro<; nupe't"o<;, emnE<puKinou, E/;uv8nJ,J..a1'a. 'EXEl eJ,J..<pavt06ei llnu1'lnOa w<; ov't"iopaoll unEpEUut0811oia<;, 11 orcotc uzropst va stvrn l3aplu, OuCE1'EP01tEViu (onuvtU) n o/;eia at~OAU1'tKii avat~iu 0'13 EAAEt\Vll G6PD.

B£paneia: :Eu~ 1t1'roJ,J..a rucn.

Etvrn av1'113 to ruco euPEO<; <puo~a1'o<;, aAAU XPllO'tJ,J..onOlEi1'at xupio»; yta I'll 8f.panEia 1'11<; <puJ,J..a1'{woll<;.

6.6011: EviiA1K0l600 mg/nuspu, natCIU 1O-20mg/kg/llJ,J..EPu.

Anoppoqmrm 1'axero<; ano 1'0 YU01'PEV1'EPtKO Kat rp't"UVEt 01'0 ~£YIOTO 't"11<; oUYKeV1'prooll<; 013 2-4 WPE<;. ME1'a XOpnYll0ll 900 mg a1ta/; 11 oUYKEV1'PWOll o rov opo Tl1'av 16 ug/ml. Hoo oc'ro 301170 1'11<; 060n<; aTIol3clAAE't"at avuAAOtW1'O J,J..E 't"u oupn. To anoJ,J..Evov TIOOOO1'O aTIEKKpivE1'at uno 1'11 XOAllrp6po 000.

IIEptYPUrpETat 8uvu1'0C; urro ATl\)ll1 12 vpo.u. ptrpaJ,J..1t1KivllC;.

6.11A111'l1PuiaetC; us <pUPJ,J..UKU • 95

---------------------------~~~----~~~~~--------

EVllnTWllaTa: LUVOPO~o ouoio us tV<pAOUEV1'SU XUPUK1'l1pts6J,J..evo un6 rrupero , rcovcxsqmxo, ~UUAyiU. EnlYuO'1'ptKO clAYOC;, vuu1'iu, E~f.1'O<; KUt OtuppotE<;. 'Exouv uvu<pep6ei 6po~l3onEviu KUt vsopucn I3Aal311. Enlo11C; uvnopcloEl<; unEpEUut06110iu<;. LUXV6't"EPf.<; stvm f.pu811J,J..U Kat e/;uv6n~u't"U. Avcospsrcr rcupootKii Epu8pu XPcOo11 rrov oupcov, tCPcD1'U, OlEAOU Kat OUKpUWV.

LUXVU £xet uvu<pEp6ei llnU1'01'0/;1K6't"11't"U us UU/;l1ol1 rrov f.Vsu~rov KUt 01taVlU sucovu 11nu't"{nou<;.

Bepalf/:.{a: A1toJ,J..clKpuV011 1'OU rpUP~UKOU us E~f.1'O n 1tAUall, xopiiY11011 uv8pu KU Kat ou~n1'WJ,J..U't'lKn uyroYn·

A v rtuu KllTlUOI KU

:EE unepooooAoyiu aAAU Kat 013 6EpanEUnKE<; 060'etC;: IIuPE1'O<;, piYll, KE<paAaAyia, vourtu, £~f.1'0<;, unEp8Ep~ia 013 1tOAM<; nEpt1t1'cOOE1<; Kat 8po ~l3o<pAEl3inoa.

N£qJpOTO~lK6TTrra, 8POJ,J..~OKU't"01tEVia Kat AeUKonevia e~rpuviSOV't"at onavtu. 'ExEt E~<pavt08ei llnunKn I3Aul311 A6yw VEKPWall<; ll1ta1'tKWV xutrdpcrv. L1tUVtU appu6J,J..fuC;. 'EXEt ava<pf.p8ei 1tEpi1t't"WOll nept<peplKn<; vwponu6etu<; Kat nupKIVOOvtKO OUVOpOJ,J..O.

e£panEia: :Eu~n1'W~a1'1Kn·

Xpnouionotoovrut w<; nvnuoxrrnooucn. :EE EOW1'EptKii Anl.jJll urropst vu npoKaAEoouv EPE8toJ,J..0 rrov l3:A..Ewoyovwv Kat OlUPPOtU. H ~tKoVa~oAll LV, npoKaAEi ava<puAa/;ia, onaoJ,J..ouc;, xnp- 01aK£<; appu8J,J..fu<;. lEvtKw<; stvm rpap~uKa xaJ,J..llAn<; 1'0/;tK61'111'ac;.

B£panEia: LUJ,J..1t't"roJ,J..U't"1Kn·

Xpnctuonotcirrn 1'01ttKU W<; KpE~a 1 % Tl uypo 0't"11 8EpaTIEia '[n<; xuvrwrtuonc Kat c rnv TIOlKlAOXPOU mrupto.cn, OE KOATI1- KU oloKia.

EVJ1.m:ciJJ1.aTa; raO'tpEVTEP1KSC:; OlaTapaxEc:;. 'EXEl aVaq:JEp- 8Ei ouos'rsportsvtu. T01tlK£C:; aV'tlOpUO£l~ us ai081llla xnucou Kat £p£8101l6_£xouvuvarp~p8£i,

MtTpOVlt')a~oAll

XPllO"lIlO1tOt£lTUt yta 'tllV aV'tlIl£'tcl)1tlOll 'tptXOIlOVUOWV Kat OE ava£p6131EC:; AOlllcO~£lC:;,

Ta OUIl1t'tcOllaTa 1tOU £J-lq:JUVit;.OVTat OE 01lAllTllpiuoll J-l£ us'tpoVloat;.oAll stvci vcurt«, OlappOlU, O£PJ-lU'tlKa E~av8iJlluTa, t;.uAll, 11ovoK£<puAoc:;, AEuKo1t£via, ~llp6TTj'tU (J'tOIlUTOC:;, au1tv-(u, iAlYYo~.

A1tayop£u£'tUlll xPiJoll 't1l~ OTllV KU1l01l. Avoxpepsrrn 11.11\1111 12 YPUIl. O£ v£apl1 YUVUiKU xwpic:; 01tOUOU1U OUIl1tTcOJ-laTa. espansia: A110J-lUKPUVOTj 'tou <pUPIlUKOU Kat OUJ-l1t'tWIlU'tlKl1 cvnusrormon. 'I01£~ opaoEtc:; £XEt 11 OPV10Ut;.OAll.

r£V1KcOC:; O£V U11apxouv 1tap£v£pY£l£C:; OXE'tlt;.61l£V£C:; IlE 'tllv 't01ttKiJ opaoll 'tTj~ vuo tc.rtvnc. To <papllaKo OEV 1tpoKUA£i £p£- 810110 11 UAA£PY1K£C:; UV't10PUO£tc:; 0't0 O£PJ-la 11 rour; j3A£vvoyovouc, aAAu cs X.oPlly110E1C:; IlEyaArov ooo£wv 1tapa'tllP£lTal vcu'tiu Kat OlappOla. ~£V U1t0PPO<pUTU1 a1tO 'to 11£11TtKO.

N toup« «vnjl10TlKa

o oovouuouoc; llJ-lt1tEV£J-lllc:;-crtAuo'tCl'tiVT]C:; 1tOU cvrucouv ornv xurnvopt« KUPIl1ta1t£V£IlE~ EX£t EVOX01101Tj8Ei yta rnv 1tPOKAll- 011 cxo.cuccv os 1l1KPO rroooo'ro uurcov 1tOU EAalll3uvuv 8Epa1tEUnK£~ OOO£lC:;. AK61la EXOUV ava<pEp8£l IlUOKAovlEC:;, vuo'rpsvtaP1K£~ 01U'tapaXE~ Kat <pA£l3i'ttoa. Nso-cspn ouoia o rnv KUTllYOpia aULiJ a11o'tEAEl 1l1l£P01t£VEIl1l. H At;.'tP£OVaJ-l1l110U uvrpcst or«; J-lOVOJ-l11aK'taJ-l£C:; o£v euwsrrn VU1tPOKUA£l ool3apa oUJ-l1t'tcOJ-laLa o£ 1tEpi1tLWOTj U1t£pOoooAoyiac:;. Ta OEoollEva stvrn £AaXlo'ta,

~

. ' . .'

~llAllTllP1UOE1C:; IlE <puPllaKa • 97

------ - -----------'---------'---------'-"-------=--

XP1l01J-l01tOl£l'tat yta 'tllV 1tpo<puAa~ll a116 'tTj ypi1t1tll Kat o»; UV'tl1tapKtvoOV1KO <puPllaKo.

Aoon 200-300 mg./nueoc, 1tat01U 4-8 mg/Kg Kat Il£XPl 150 mg. L£ U1t£pooooAoyiu 1tpoKaA£l a'tu~ia, \IIUXWOTj, opaoo-rc nKl1 U1tOTCt-<Jll, o1taOJ-lOU~ (ue OX£'tlKa IltKpO't£PEC:; OOO£l~), ola'tapux£c:; 'tOU AOYOU, 'tPOJ-lO, ~llpoo'tolliu Kat 01tUV1(l KapolaKl1

Kall \1111·

@spaneia: A1tOJ-lUKPUVOll us EIl£'tO iJ 1tAUOll, UV8PUKUC:;,

1tPOKAll'tl1 OlOU Pll 011 , ytU 'tOU~ 01taOIlOUC:; OlUt;,£1tUJ-lll,

XUllllAl1~ 'tO~lKO'tTj'tO~ Kat 011aVl£~ ot U1t£pOoooAoyi£c:;. 'Exouv uva<pEpeEi rpouoc, Al1euPYOC:;, 01(l'tapaXE~ 0't0 HKr. Ta 11apU1tUVW Il£ I. V. XOPl1Y1l01l. H uyroYl1 stvrn OUJ-l1t'tWIlU'ttKiJ.

'EXouv 1tupa'tllPTj8Ei susroi, ouipPOla, ll1taTO'tO~lKO'tll'tU KU1 01tU0J-l0i. LllJ-lUV'tlKi) sivui n J-lUEAO'tO~lKi) Opaollll£ £KOllAll OUO£'t£po1t£via.

H 8£pU1t£tU stvoi OUJ-l11'twllaLtKi).

ZWTojlOUTlVll (ZDV it AZT)

Xpnotuonoietr«t KaTa TOU AIDS.

'Exouv £1l<Pavtoe£l yao"CpEvT£P1K£~ olaLupux£c:;, 8pollj301t£vto , OUO£L£P01t£V1U, uvalll{u Kat J-lUOna8£lU.

'EX£t V£<ppOLO~tKO"CTj"Ca Kat 1tpoKaAEi vumiu, £1l£"C0, K£q:JUAaAyiu Kat o1taollou~. 'Exouv nupa"CllPlleEi 01a"Cupax£~ ro» aol3£o'tiou, lluyvTjoiou alllaTo~. Av'tlIl£LcOmoTj OUIl1t"CWIlUTlKiJ,

Eivnt av9E/qllV9tKO. LE U71:EpOooo)..oyia uvopEc,la, vouric, tj.tE'tO~, emvuo rpuco a)..yo~, i)..tyyo~. E71:ioTj~ KV110j.t0~, Ec,uv8TJuc , OtappOla, 71:0VOKtq:la)..0~, K071:roOTj, U71:0y)..uKatj.tla.

Oeoaneia: LUj.t71:'troj.ta'ttKl1.

Xonotuorcoietr«t Ka'ta 'tTl~ 'tP1XOj.tOVUoa~ Kat 'rTJ~ to roxo'ttKTt~ aj.tOtj3aoa~, OE oooTl 2 vpcu. Ecparrac,.

LVjJnuiJjJaTa: 'HTrlE~ yao'tpEv'tEPtKE~ ota'tupaxtC; ue vou'tia Kat Ej.tE'tOUC;, ~a)..Tj, i)..tyyo Kat oEpj.ta'ttKo. Ec,av911j.ta'ta. eepane{a: LUj.t71:'troj.tunKl1 ayroYl1.

AOKaptOoK'tOVO. dOOTj: EVTJ)..{KUJV 4 vpnu, o.rrac" rratota 75 mg/kg/Tjj.tEpa, yta 2 Tlj.tEPEC;.

LVjJ7rTCojJaTa: Neurin, suerot, OtuPPOlU, ETrtyao'tpaAyia, 71:0- vOKEcpaAoc;, 71:apat08110w,;, ouorucdpto . 'EXEt uvacpEp9ei oofrcPl1 VEUPO'tOC,tKo'tTj'ta ue umDAEta nvruvo K)..UO'ttKcDv, tAiyyou~ Kat 01tUOj..tOUC;.

Avrsvoeucvutrn OE Tj71:a't1Kl1 VOOO, ETrtATI'IIia Kat vsqipucri aVE- 1to.PKEta.

0epane{a: Anoun KPUVOTI Kat ouu 1t'tUJj.ta'ttKl1 aYUJyl1.

Av8EAj.ttv8tKO. dOOTj 5-15 mg/kg. IIpoKaAEi vcurtu, suero, avopEc,iu, ETrlyao'rpaAyia. OuoavEc,{a Kat Oto.PP01a, 1tOVOKEcpaAO, ~o.ATj Kat auc,TjOTj rpcvocuivcocov. 'Exouv avacpEp9Ei aU1tvia Kat Ec,av8Ttj..ta'ta.

Oeoaneta: LUJ-l1t'tUJJ-la'ttKTt.

111

I ••

T1VU~U(;6lTJ

Etvm opaOTtKO KUTa TTlC; TptXoj.tovo.oac; Kat tOTO)..U'ttKl1C; aj.tOll3aoac; OE oooTj 300 mg/nuspn 11 2 vpnu. Ecpurrac,.

LVI-i7rTWl-iaTa: Nourtn, ~u)..TJ, KEcpa)..a)..yia Kat c,TJPoo'roj.tia. Oepatteia: Luj.t71:'tUJj.ta'ttKl1.

XlropotcivTJ

To. E1ti71:EOa o ro uij.ta stvm: 0Epa71:eu'rtKo.: 0,20 ug/ml. Toc,tKa: 1 ug/rnl. Ta 'toc,tKo. Ouj.t1t'tcDj.ta'ta sivut rrovoKEcpa)..oc;, voOTPEV'tEPtKEC; ota'tapaXE~, Ec,av8T1j.ta, Ota'tapaXE~ Kat a1to))..Eta ooo onc. Loj3apO'tEpa, 1tOU sivut o1tuvta. stvci lVUXroOtKO: E1tEtOOOta, ormouot, urtoruon, KapOtaYYEtaKO collapsus, OtaTapaXE~ HKI' (appu9J-lia). 0o.vu't0~ uxopet va OUJ-lI3Ei Of: AiYE~ o)PE~.

LTa rratotu Tj U1tEpooooloyia 'tTJ~ X)..UJpoKivTJC; stvm emxivOUVTl. IIapouato.~ov'tat rrovoKEcpa)..Ol, aVa1tVEUOTIK" xc ruoro)..", appu9j.tiE~, shock, ota'tapaXE~ 'tTJe; opo cnc Kat ool3apoe; yaO'tPEV'rEptKOe; EPE9lOj.t6~. E1tiOTJ~ EXOUV 1tapOUata08Ei EC,ro1tUPUJ-ltOtKEC; EKOTJ)"cDOEl~.

eepanda: A1tOJ-lUKPUVOTl J-lE susro l11tAUOTJ, XOP"YTJOTJ uv8paicc. dtoUPTJOTJ us oc,lVa oupn OtVEt KaAu arroTEt..£oj..ta'tu. H muoKu9apoTJ OEV sivct a1to'tEAEOJ-la'rtK", AOl1tl1 aycoYl1 oou-rrcouc-cucn.

ANAII:ElHTIKA c;l)APMAKA

rEV1KfJ~ aVatcr8TJcria~

Xonoiuonotoovrm aPKETa cpapj.ta xo 61tco~ j.tuoxaAapUJ'rtKU, o7110Et0l1, j3EV~OOta~E1tivE~, l3apl3t'touptKo. 1tOU ovnospovrci or« oXE'ttKo. KEcpuAata.

Ta KUpta aVm09Tj'ttKO: stvui:

Alo8civlO

Ot KUPtE~ 'tOC,tKEC; Opo.OEl~ rrEptAaj.tl3avouv I3paouKapoia, unorc.on, aVa71:VEUOTtKl1 Ka'tao'toAl1. aouo'toAia. KcDJ-lU, rpto'ttK" I3Aal3T1, urrepflspu io ,

0epanda: Avnusrcomon aVa71:VEUO'tlKo)V Kat KapOtaKcDV EmOpaOEroV. To aA08avlO m9avwc; EUat09TJTOrrotEi 'to J-lUOKapOtO one; Ka'tExoAaj..t{vE~, Yt' nuro XPEt6:~E'tat 1tPOOOXTt o'tTJ XP110TJ roo.

l

I(JocpAouJ)UVlO

LB n_§pin1'CQOTlUJ];EPOQOOAOyiu<; npOKUAB{ umhuoTl, nvnrrvauo-cucri KU1'U01'OAiJ, UnVOlU, onUOIlOU<; Kat KWIlU. EnloTl<; EXBl nUpU't'TIPTl8Bi KUKOTl8B<; VWpOATln1'lKO OUVOPOIlO. 0spansia: H UV'tlIlB1'WTItOTl etvci OUlln1'WIlU't'tKiJ, OEV uno.pXBt UV1'iOO1'o.

Eivut YBVtKO UVat08T1TLKO i3PUXeiU<; cSUiPKBlU<;. Evpn-uhpa-ra: "AIlBOE<; UV't'lcSpo.0Bt<; stvut KOlVE<; KU'to. 'tTl OUviJ8Tl UVat08TlOtu. ITEptAulli3avouv OUYXUOTl, nUpat08iJOBt<; Kat UUl;TlIlEVO IlU1KO 'tOVO iJ cSUO'tOVtKiJ UV1'icSpUOTl, UUl;TlOTl 'tTl<; ntBOTl<; Kat 1'OU KUPOlUKOU pU81l0u. :EE UnBpcSOOOAOyiu EXOUV UVUcpEp8Bt o ncouot, uvcotveuo-rucri tKn't'WOTl, KUpcSWKiJ nUUOTl, UUl;TlOTl IlUtKOU 'tOVOU, cSUOCiPB01'U OVElPU, nupuAiJpTlIlU.

@spansia: Y noi3oiJ8TloTl 'tTl <; uvn rtvonc; OE nEpin't'woTl nOU 8u EnTlPEU08Bt. Tto. 'tTlV EV1'OVTl UVTloUXiu Kat cStEYEpotIlO'tTl'tU uxopst vn XPTlotllOnotTl8ei Tl cSlu~Eno.IlTl, EVW ytU 'tTl cSU01'OVtKTl uv'ticSpUOTl i3tnEptcStVTl.

LE UnBpcSoooAOyiU tXEt uvucpBp8ci KUpcStOuvunVW01'tKTl KU- 1'UO'tOAiJ. H UV'tWE'tW1Ct0Tl sivut ouuzrrrouu-n KiJ.

EKcSTlAcOOBt<; uxopst vti rtpoxuurouv uno unol;iu IlE BnuKoAou80 i3AUi3Tl EYKE<PUAlKiJ. H uywYiJ eiVU1 OUlln1'WllunKiJ.

ITPOKEl't'at ytU 01lo.cSu ououov rtou XPTlotllOnOtouv't'at ytU 'toTItKiJ uvut08Tloiu o ro cStpllu KUt roue i3ABVVOYovou<;. Arro roue

lit "

j)AEVVOYOVOU<; unoppo<pcOv'tUt, EVcO IlE'tu uno EOW't'EPtKiJ AiJWTl ano.VtU txoullE oUlln'twllu'tu AOYW 11 t KpiJ<; unoppO<PTloTl<;.

Ivpnu!Jpa-ra

L1TlATI't'TlPtaOEt<; oUIli3uivouv uno unEPi30AlKiJ OOOTI IlE tVEen, E<PUPlloyiJ o-rouc i3AEVVOYOVOU<; Kat onuvta uno EOW1'EPtKiJ AiJWTI: ZUATI, 't'POIlO<;, OUYXUOTl, UVTlOUX1U, o rcuouot, KcOIlU, Ota'tupUXTl 1'Tl<; cvc.nvonc, j)poyxoonuaIlO<;. Ot KUptO'tEPE<; EKcSTlAcOOEt<; oUIli3uivouv uno 't'Tlv KUpcStU Kat nEptAulli3civouv cStu'tupuxt<; 't'OU PU81l0U (i3PUcSUKUpcS{U), uppu81l1E<;, KOAnOKOtAtUKO unoKAEtOllo, KUpOtaKTl nuuoTl, uno't'uoTl. EnioTl<; EXEt OTlIlBlW- 8ci 0 l;twoTl.

ME8uwoo<putptvuW{u EXEt uvucpEp8E{ tcStui't'Epu uno AtcSOKU'iVTl Kat nptAOKUiVTl.

ITOOO1'Tl1'U 600 mg AtcSOKUivTl<; npoKuAEOE onuollou<; Kat uvunVEUO't'tKE<; cStU'tUPUXE<; OE j)pt<po<; 17 IlTlVcOV rrou r'nv niJpE EOW'tEPlKW<;. rBVtKcO<; nooo'tTl'tu nuvw uno 5-10 mg/kg npOKUAEl orruououc. AtcSOKUivTI nACtOllu'tO<; nuvw uno 5 ug/rnl npoKUAEi 't'Ol;tKU oUlln'tcOllu'tu.

0spansia

AnOIlO.KPUVOTl 'tTl<; ouoto.c IlE EIlE'tO iJ nAuoTl, XOPTl)'TloTl avOpn KU. ITupEllnOOtoTl 'tTl<; unoPP0<PTlOTl<; unO 't01CtKiJ B<PUPIl0'YTl IlB nEpicSBOTl 'to oUV'tOIlO'tEPO ouvu'to. XOPTlYTlOTl O2 iJ 'tEXVTl'tTl nvnrrvort. Ttn roue crrnouorx; cStu~no.IlTl, unuyopEuE'tat Tl rpmvurotVTl. Fur 'tTl IlE8atIl00<Patptvulll{U KUUVOUV 't'OU Il-E8uAEV{OU. L1ta'tiJpnon nieoTl<;· Ttn 'tTl j)PUcSUKUpcS{U utporctvn. L1top8woTl O~EwOTl<;. H cStoUPTlOTl Kat Tl ullloKo.8upOTl cSEV CPUiVE'tat vc unocSicSouv.

Tn KUptO'tEPU 't01CtKo. UVUlCJ8Tl1'tKU stvm:

BEV~OKUfVTl BEvol;uVCt't'TI L1ti3ouKufvTI

AlcSOKUfvTI (l;UAOl(UtVTI) METIti3UKUtVTI

IT pnuoctvn

IT ptAOKufvTI ITPOKUtVTl Tlpormpc KUtVTI TE1'puKuivTI

ANTIBHXIKA - AIIOXPEMIITIKA lIlAPMAKA

Xpnmuonotstrrn Wt; uvnl3T1XtKO O£ nueprimn OOOTj 100 - 400 mg, 1tatoui 8 mg/kg. M1tOPEi vn 1tPOKUA.£O£l ~ciA.Tj, K£Q)ClA.ClA.yiCl, OUIlQ)OPTjOTj 'tTlt; IlU'tTlt;, yuo'tP£V't£ptKEt; OlU'tUpUXEt; Ku8rot; KCl1 £So.v8Tj IlU. ·Exouv ClvuQ)£p8£i 01tUO u.ot.

Oeoatteia: LUIl1t'tcollanKTl ClYCOYTl

Xpnotuonotstrm COt; I3A.EVVOA.U'tlKO - U1t0XP£Il1l:nKo. Anoppoouru. EUKOA.Cl KUl YPTlYopu U1tO 'to 1t£1l:nKO KUl U1tOl3o.A.A.£'tat xupto»; a1tO roue vsepooc.

LE U1t£pOoooA.oy{a EX£t 1tPOKClA.£O£t vClvdu, £IlE'tOUt; Kat rtuPOOtKiJ ClUSll<JTI rpcvccuwccccv. H SEpU1t£iu sfvut OUIl1t'tCOIlCl'tlKTl.

KA.ollounvOA:11

KCl,"[UO'WA'ttKO '"[ou l3iJXCl. ~60Tj 100-200 mg rnv nuepc. Mnopsi va 1tPOKUA.EO£t ~o.A.TI, uu1tvia, vo.ortc, oU<J(popiu c ro £myo.o rpto.

Oeoaneia: LUll rt reo IlClnKiJ

KCl'taO'tEAA£t'tO l3iJxu, oprov'tu<; o-ro KNL Kat O£ SEPU1tW'ttKE<; 060£l<; O£V EXEt U1l:VCO'ttKE<; 10lO'tTl't£t;. H 060Tj ytU roue Il£yciA.ou<; stvm 20 rng I'm 010 t c 1l:Clt01o. 5-10 mg 4 Q)OPEt; r'nv nuspu. ~£V EXOUV ClVUQ)£pSEi OTlA.Tj'tTjp1cio£1t;. E£ U1l:£pOOOOA.oyiu uycoyiJ OUIl1t'twlla'tt KiJ.

Mrropst VU 1l:POKClAEo£t vcurto , EIl£'to, OtEY£POTl, aU1tviu Kat ouprucdpiu. Exouv avuQ)£p8Ei 'taxuKupoiu KUl 01l:ClOIl0i.

H OOOTj sfvut 60-120 mg/nuspc , I1at01ci 30-60 mg/riuspn.

EivUl KU'tuo'tUA.nKO roo I3TlXU Kat opu 0'"[0 K£V'tpO 'tOU I3TlXU. ~£V KU'tUO'tEA.A.£t rnv UVU1tVOTl.

e£parrcia: LUIl1t'tCOIlU'"[t Kll.

KU'tClO'tUA. '"[tKO 'tOU I311XU xsvrpucric opciollt; o£ OOOTj 5-10 mg rpsu; Q)OPE<; 'tTJv TlIlEpU. ~EV u1tciPXouv 'tOSlKOA.OY1KU O£Sou.svc..

Xpnouionoietrct w<; Cl1t0XPEIl1l:'tlKO O£ 00011 750 mg rpu; 111l£PTloicot; Ka1 o'ta 1tUloui 60-250 mg 'tP£tt; Q)OPEt; rnv nuspn. L£ Il£yciA£<; ooo£t<; EXOUV 1tupa'tTjpTj8d suetoc, Oto.ppOtCl, muoppnvtc urco 'to 1l:£1l:'ttK6.

@cpan£ia: EUIl1l:'twIlClnKiJ.

Avnl311XtKO K£V'tP1KTlt; opcioTj<; 010 06011 25-50 mg rpsic ooPE<; rnv 11llEpu. ~£V EXOUV uVClQ)£p8ei 'tOSlK£t; OpciOEt<;.

Xpnouronoierrm Wt; a1toXP£Il1t'ttKO - I3A.EVVOAU'tlK6. L£ Il£yo.A.£t; ooo£tt; EXOUV ClvuQ)£p8£i EIl£'"[O<;, otcippotu, OL£A.6ppotu, ouooupia Kat 0£PIlCl'"[tK6 ESo.v811IlU.

H UYWYTl stvm OUIl1l:'tWlla'ttKTl.

AvnI3TjX1K61t£ptQ)£P1Kll<; opo.OTlt; O£ 060Tl 100-200 mg. ·EXouv ClvuQ)£p8ei \jJwOUloSllo£t<; cs 1tat01ci.

AywYTl ouun.rcoucrucn.

Irrouur viAll

Xp_llOlJ.lonqu::i'ra..} YW rnv KUTUOTOAtl "COl) I3tlXu oe 00011 100-400 mg/nusp« nat 0 to:' 60-120 mg/riuapu.

Mrropat vn npoKuAeoel ~o:'All, vcurtc, OlappOtu, .aXl)KUpoia. H uV'WE.O:mtoll stvm ouurctcouurucn.

ANTIl:.HllTIKA CIlAPMAKA

BOP1KO 01;6 - BopaKa<; (l3oplKo vdrpio), Ym:pJ}oplKO vu:rpLO (nspIl1tO p u:r)

LlllAllTllP10:'0et<; ue 130ptKO o~U Kat 130paKu Ol)J.ll3u{vouv J.leTO. urco unoPPo<Pll0tl TOl)<; ureo TO 8t.PJ.lU, oruv XPllCHIlOnOtoUVrrn yta Tll 8epuneiu eYKUl)J.laTroV tl OEPIlUTona8EuJw. Tl)xaie.; Atlwet.; rcov ouoicov Ul)"OV npoKuAoUV l3upte<; 0l1A1'\nIPtaOEt.; CiTa natOta, u<pou 2-3 ypUJ.l. 130ptKOU o;to.; stvm 8uvUTll<POpu OOCi1'\ yta I3PE<Pll, 5-6 YPUJ.l. ytU nutoto. KUl 15-20 ypull. ytU EVllAtKOl)<;. Tsvucd 11 8avuTll<P0PO<; 00011 rcov 130ptKcOv stvor 0, 1-0,5 ypuJ.l.lkg.

LVIl1r'WJ1-WTa

I:e romxn E<pUPJ.l0Ytl: epu811IlU EVTOVO IlE ano<poAiorooll TOU BEPIlUTO<; rrou 1l00a~El J.lE I3pu0J.lEVO UCiTUKO.

Eonrrapucf AtlW1'\ tl u1COPPO<Pll0ll uno TO BEpIlU: NUUTiu, susTOl Ile I3Mvva tl utuc , E1ttYUO.ptKU O:.Ay1'\, otappOta, Atl8upyo<;, J.ll)lK8,; ouono:'OE1<;, CinuoJ.loi, unEpnupE~tU, shock, 13 AU 131'\ tlnaTO<; Kat VE<pPcOV (ovoupto).

eepa neia

AnOJ.laKPl)VOll ano TO oepJ.la KUt TO CiT0J.lUXO ue eusro tl nAUCil'), X.oPtlYll0ll o.V8PUKU, XOPtlYll0ll uvprov, pU8J.llOl') l')A.EKTPOAl)TroV, UVTtJ.lETW1ttCill o no.ouorv IlE OtU~EnaJ.ll'), UvTtJ.lETronwll shock. I:E l3aptE<; KUTUCiTaCiEl'; atJ.loKa8upol'). I:E I3pE<pl') uqimJ.lU;0J.leTuYY1Cil'). nu TOU'; onUCiJ.lOu,; otu~enaJ.lll.

'Orov Ec:puPJ.l008ei os UAAOtroJ.leVo oepJ.lU, onro.; OTU EYKauJ.lUTU, nrcoppoqid.tut UPKETtl noooTllTU Kat npOKUAEi YEV1Ka OUJ.l- 1CTcOJ.lUTU. Tu iota Ol)J.lnTWJ.lUTU npoKuAoUVTUl uv A1'\<p8Ei uno A0.80.; socorepuccic. 8UVUTl')C:POPO'; 00011 1-10 YPUJ.lJ.laPla.

LVIln:-rwlla-ra: NUUTiu, suaroi, Oto.ppOlU, rtovoc 01'0 E1ttYUOTP10, I3puouKupoiu. 'Exouv uvu<pep8ei xopoiocvc.nvsuo-rucrt nvuxomi, TU<pAro01'\, ozruouot, UU~l1Cill EVOOKpo.vtU'; ntECill';, KWJ.lU.

eepan:sia: 'Eusroc n nMoll, o.V8PUKU';, pU8J.ltCil') uvpcov, llA.EKTPOAUTcOV. nO. TOl)'; CinaCiJ.lOU<; OtU~Eno.ll1'\ Kat Cil)J.lnTCOJ.lUT1Ktl uyroYtl .

Xpnoruonoietrrn o»; uvricrprruco. EE OtO:.AUIlU 0,1 % XPl')atuoxotsrnn ytu nAuCill TOU CiTOJ.lUTO<; KUt yupyapE<;. Av KUTuno- 8Ei nOAu J.lEyuAllnoCioTllTu urropei vn npoKaAECiEt vccrto., tJ.leTO.

@epan:eia: ouurrrcouo-n Ktl.

'EXEl neptOpw8ei 11 XPtlCill TOU. To l3uJ.lJ.lu trooiol) neplixel 2% tW010 Kat 2,4070 \roOtOUXo VUTPtO oe UAKOOAll. To Olo.AUIlU Lugol nEpttxet 1070 lWOtO ue 2070 troOtOUXo K.

H 8avuTll<PoPo,; OOCill TOl) lcooiou stvm 2 YPUIl. Arro r«; UAAE'; ouotsc oev exouv ava<pep8Ei 8aVaT01. Ot Ola<POpe.; opvovucsc svcocsu; lrooiou, onro<; 11 lroOtoUXO<; no_l3.tOOVll, troooXAropuoPO;l)xivoxtvn (KAtOKtVOAll) a1tEAEU8EPWVOl)V I3pu8t.co.; troOto KUt txouv TO;lK6'tllTU tCil') npo<; TO 115 1'11<; 1tEptEKnKOTl')To.<; TOU<; CiE lW010.

EVWOE1<; lrooiOl) XPl')CilJ.lOnOtOUVTat ytU UKTlVOYPU<P1KOU<; OKonoU.; (XOAOKUCiTOypacpiu, nUEAoypu<piu, lluEAoypa<piu K.An.). o Kivouvo<; unO TU CiKeuo:'0J.laTU aUTO. npoepXETat uno rnv EVOEXOIlEVl') aVTiopUCil') l)nEpwut0811Ciiu<; TOU UTOJ.l0U CiTO tWOto.

LVl-LnrWl-Lara

Iox,opOTa't'Ol nOVOt, EI-tETOl, OOX,VB<; oOapEi<; KEVc00S1<;, amyaoTptKO U-A.yo<;, oi\jJa,I-tSTaAA1KTl YEU011 , shock, rtuperoc, uvoupia, 1tapaA1\P11l-ta. Av 0 a09Ev1\<; 00vsA8El I-tE'tU -'t'T\V o~siu (j)UOT\ urropst vc suouvtost 0l00(j)UY1KS<; o tevcoostc.

To. 1W01Oux,a uxopet vc 1tPOKUAEOOOV 1tap001K1\ OlOYKooo11 TWV atEAOYOVOOv aOEVWV Kat -'t'WV AEI-t(j)aOEvoov.

E1tUAEt\jJT\ 'too 1woioo oro Mpl-ta uxopst VU npoKuMoSt 1t01-t(j)6AOYE<;, 1tOPE'tO Kat S~SAKWOE1<;.

'EVEOT\ napaywycov 'tOO 1COO{00 (aK'tlVOOtaYVCOO'ttKB<; OOOtE<;) l-t1topEi vti 1tpOKaAEoS1 ~a(j)V1Ku collapsus CO<; a1tO'tEASOl-ta 01tEpe:uat0811oia<;. To. Ool-t1t-'t'wjla'ta sivni OU01tVOta, xurivroon, n'tc0011 1tlS011<;, anWAEta rrov aw81\oEcov Kat o1taol-toi.

Oepaneia

XOPTlYT1011 OtaAUjla'to<; UI-tUAOO (aAEUpt, P1~UASOPO, 15 ypajl. aAsup1, 500 ml VEpO) . .:lsv S1tHPE1tETat BI-tS'tO<;. To1t08s'tst-rat 1'0.O'tPtKO<; owA1\va<;. H 9EPU1tEiu Kopico<; stvnt ouuzrrcouurucn. XoPTlY11011 Oypwv yta KaVOVt KTl O1OUPT\011, Ota'titP11oT\ 1ttE011<;, 1\ X,oPTlY11011 X,ACOp1OUx,oo Na (j)aivE'ta1 vo 130118o.E1. LS «vouoto, - 00- pmu ia avuAoYT\ U ywyTl.

Eni snac:pit<; us 't00<; oc:p8aAI-tOu<; nAUotl-tO I-tE u(j)80vo vspo.

LE ava(j)oAUKTtKit aVTiopao11 x,PitOT\ aopsvaAivT\<;.

0Spa1tEia TCOV OEPl-tanKcOv I3Aul3wv. 0EpanEia TCOV O'tEVcOOSCOV 'too oto orpcvoo cpvorspc.

Xpovia 011A11T11piao11: .:ltaK01tit TOO onpuuxou. H X,OPTlY11- 0T\ XAWPtOUXOo vurptou nzro 'to o rou« EXS1 St)sPysnKTl 0puo11.

IIp6yvOJ07]

Av 0 a08EvTl <; E1t1~TlOS1 s1ti 48 WPE<; 11 cvdvnurn stvm 1tt8avoro-rn. TIapo. 'tau'ta 01 OTEVcOOEt<; TOO OlOO(j)o.yOO E~aKOAo090uv vc stvrn 1tpo!3A11l-ta.

l:u P1Ili&TJ

Xonotuoxoistrcn CO<; uv-norprruco. Anoopood-ccc cv A11(j)8d EOW'tSP1KcO<; Kat a1tO UAAOO<; !3ASVVOYOVOO<;. T01t1Kc0<; 1tPOKUASi

,

spE9101-t6. LS soorespucri A1\\jJ11 rtuxvou OtaAUl-taTo<; npoKa4i VUO'tia, €I-tE'tO Kat UKOAo09si Kap01UYYEtaKO collapsus, onaol-toi, KcOI-ta, avanvwoTtKit nauo11. Edv 'to Oto.AOl-ta stvc.t cpruo TO'tE 'to. OOl-tn-'t'cOl-ta'ta stvm rpnn , H 9ava't11(j)6po<; OOOT\ 1'10. EVTlAtKO urtoAoyi~s'ta1 1tspi 'to. 1-3 ypal-tl-tupta.

Bepans{a: TIAuo11 o'tOl-tux,oo I-tE OluAOl-ta ocetoovioo, EI-tE'tO<;, Ka9apnKo uAaToux,o. Av 01tUpx,00v YSV1Ko. omvouevc 01t00'tTlP1~111tiE:011<;, ava1tvoTl<; Kat Ka'taO-'t'OATl 01taol-tcOV ue ota~no.l-t11·

'EX,E1 ava(j)Ep9d sps8tal-t0<; 'tOO Mpl-ta'to<;. Iox,opu OtaAujla'ta (20"10) I-t1tOPOUV va 1tpOKaAEooov I3Ao.l311 o-ro nEnnK6. Anoppo(j)o.'tat Aiyo U1t6 TO yaO'tpEV'tEP1KO OCOAitVU. 'EX,Sl nSPl'Ypa(j)Ei CO'tO'tO~lKO't11-'t'U . .:llaAUjla'ta Ko.'tCO 'tOO 4"10 00v1\9w<; 1tPOKUAOUV itma oOjln'twl-taTa.

Bspanda: E6v TO Olo.AOj..1.U sfvcn 1tOKVO a1to(j)sUys-'t'at 111tAU011 it 0 susroc. Avruisrrhmem OOjl1t'tCOj..1.anK1\.

Y 1tEpOSEi&lO tOO o&poyovoo Perydrol

To O~O~EVE 1t00 x,P11otj..1.01tOlEi'tat yta -'t'a 'tpaul-ta'w sivrn 1t0- xvorrrruc 3 "10.

L€ 1t€pi1t'tCO011 Ka'tu1too11<; 1tpOKaAel EAa(j)p6 €PS8101-tO Kat €VOe:x,Oj..1.EVCO<; j..1.tKPTl aU~11011 svooo'tOjlax,lKTl<; 1tiE011<;· L-'t'a I-tUno. uzropst va 1tpOKaAeos1 EAa(j)po SPS810j..1.0.

Y\jJ11Ait<; rruxvorrrtur; 1to.VCO (U1tO 10 "10) XP11OtjlO1tOlEi'tm 0't11 131Oj..1.11x,avia. Av Ka'ta1t08Ei 1tpOKaAEi xnuo-rucd emvouevn, cu~T\011 't11<; EVOOO'tOl-taX,lKi)<; 1tiso11<; uxouu Sjl!30Ai) aEpo<;, shock Kat KapOtaKit aVaK01tTl.

LTO 8tpj..1.a 1tpOKaAEi !3Ao.I3E<; Ka1 1tOj..1.(j)OAOY€<;. L'ta jlo.na 1tpOKaAd Eps910j..1.0 'too K€pa'tOE100U<; 1t00 urropst VU onvst uusOCO<; i) apK€'tE<; 11j..1.EPE<; j..1.E'tU. LS siozrvof aTjlcOV ano 1tOKVO (dvco 10"10) 01tEPO~Eio1O 'too oopoyovoo uzropsf va npoKaAEoE1 00j..1.- 1t'tcOjla'ta uzro 'too<; nvsuuovsc.

Bspanda

Env 1tPOKEHat Y1a U1tEPOC,EiolO roc llOPOYOVOll 3 % KC11 sov T[ 1tooo'tT[iCi. EivC11- j..t1Kpll OEV-:WE1a1;,E'tat Ekpu1tEiu. Edv 1tPOKE1- '"[C11 Y1a 1tDKVO Oto.A.Dj..ta (nvro 101110): Erct ElO1tVOij<;, ElEpa1t!::ia 01tw<; KC11 OE aA.A.a KUDonKa. Av Ka'tU1toElEi, U1tO<pEUYE'tat 0 Ej..tE'tO<;, 1tpEnE1 va apatwEl!::i j..tE VEPO K01 va !::tOUX8Ei owA.ijva<; o ro o roj..taxo Y1U va U1tOl!aKpDVEki 'to OT[l!lODpYOUI!!::vo UEPlO nOD rtpoKUA.Ei Oto.'tUOT[ 'tOD o'tOl!axoD. Aoizrr] aywyij ODI!1t'"[WI!UnKrl.

E1ti OEpj..ta'ttKcOv I3A.al3wv KC11 0<pElUA.j..t1KOU EPE9101!0U Bspu- 1t £iu 0 D I! rrr W I! a 'tt Kij .

KA0APTIKA 4»APMAKA

AAUWUXa Ka9upnKu

ITEP1A.UI!J)o.VODV 'ta OlQA.D'ta 8E1lKo., <pWO<P0P1Ko. Kat ,"[PllY1- Ko. UA.a'"[u VU'tpiOD, KaA.ioD Kat j..tuYVT[OiOD. H Ka8ap'ttKij 'tOD<; OPUOT[ EC,ap'"[o.'tat U1tO 'tOY lOVtOI!O ,"[OD OlUA.UI!U'tO<;, 'tT[V WOI!W'"[tKij Opo.OT[ KC11 'tTl uucpri U1tOPPO<PT['ttKO'"[T['to. 'tOD<;.

Ta UA.U'tOUXU Ka8upTtKo. xrrru KPU'tOUV j..tEyUA.E<; nooo'"[T['tE<; DYPcOV I!EOU 0'"[0 EV'tEPO I!E a1tO'tEA.Eol!a '<T[v '"[uXEiu oiooo '"[OD<; o ro 1taxu EV,"[EPO Kat 0'tT[ ODVEX!::lQ 'tT[V KEVWoij 'tOD. To l3aouco uAa'touxo Ku9ap'ttKO nOD XPT[atI!01tOlEi'tU1 eivat 'to 9E1lKO ucvvricio.

Le I!Eyo.AE<; 000E1<; aAU'tOUXWV ,.mopEi va ODl!l3Ei U1tWA£la DYPWV Kat 01U'"[UpUXn '"[WV T[AtKTPOAD'tcOV. Em1tpo08E'tW<; l!1top!::i vu ODj..tJ)Ei I!EYUAU'"[!::PT[ anoppo<pT[OT[ I! cvvnotoo, unspurrvvnounj..tia Kat W<; !::K rooroo OT[AT['tT[p{aoT[ I!E ucvvrioto, E101Ko. OE U08Ev!::l<; ue VE<pptKrlI3AaJ)T[. To l!ayvrlOlO unayoovi1;,E'tat '"[0 aoI3Eo'ttO.

Gspan£ia: Aaoxuruo-ruon DYProV Kat T[A.EK,"[POA.D'tWV.

.1.1<pWO'<pOPIKO Kat MOVO<pWO'<P0PlKO Na

XPTlatI!01tOlOUV'"[at 00<; Ka8ap'ttKa. Et01Ka 'to 1!1Yj..ta Ol<Poo- 0<pOP1KO Na Kat I!OVO<PWO<pOP1KO Na vvcoo ro 0't0 eurropto W<; Fleet Enema ytU D1tOKADOI!OU<;. dpu ooOj..too'"[tKcO<;.

,

MI--

dto.<pOPE<; <Pll'ttKE<; lVE<; 1tPO!::PXOI!EVE<; a1to 'to 01tOPO 'tOlll.jlllA.A.iOll (Psyllium seed), 01too<; Kat aA.A.E<; I!E o!::A.A.ODA.01;,Tl Kat j..tE8DA.OOEA.A.ODA.01;,T[, EXODV 00<; a1tO'tEA.EO I!a 'tTlV auc,TloT[ TOll OYKOD '"[WV xozrpdvcov Kat rnv Ka,"[U1tOA.Ej..tT[OT[ 'tT[<; ODOKOlA.tO'tT['ta<;.

Eivut uKivODVU aKOI!T[ Kat OE I!EyaA.E<; 1t000'tT['t!::<;. ITav'tw<; Tl sxtuovn ODVEXrl<; XpnOTl I!1tOpEi vu 1tPOKUA.EOEl EA.A.E1I.jITl 'tOD I.jIWOUPyUPOD Kat 'tOD Ca E10tKo. orn 1tat01U n O'tOD<; D1tEpT[A.iKOD<;. H xopijYTlOTl I!EyaA.ooV nooo'trl'"[oov oztrivtc I!1tOpEi vo: npoKaA.EoEt ouorpoqni '"[OD OWI!OEtOOU<;.

Etvm OlOUKXUpi'tTl<; 1tOD OEV Dno.PXEl 0,"[0 EV'tEPO Et01KO EV- 1;,Dj..tO yta 'tTl Oto.Onuoij 'tOD. L'tO 1tUXU E.V'tEPO 01a01to.'tC11 a~o j..ttKPOJ)ta OE yaA.aK'"[1KO oc,u 1tOD EXE1 otapPolKrl opaoT[. EK'tO<; UD'"[015 0't0 A.E1t'tO EV't!::pO opu Kat WOI!W'ttKa. L1taV1a npoKuA.!::i EV'tOVT[ OlappOtU.

.1.uicpopa Ka9apnKU

KUO''toptAalO (KIKlVEAalO, PE'tO'lVOAUOO): IT!::P1000,"[EPE<; KEVWOE1<; oDvn9w<; xwpi<; E1tUKOAOD9u.

@spa1T:£ia: aVU1tAnpWOT[ llYPWV.Kat T[AEK'"[POAUtWV, av XpEtU-

09EL

l;Evva: LE j..ttyaAE<; 060Et<; 1tPOKUAOUV EV'tOVT[ 01uppOta I!E UtI!U, collapsus.

B£pan£(a: LDI!1t,"[OOj..ta'ttKrl·

nlK09E1lKO VU-tplO: Avw:ptp£'"rat 6't1 OEV U1toppo<pa'tat U1tO '"[0 1tE1t'"[lKO. I:E I!Eyo.AE<; 060E1<; 1tpOKaAEi E.V'tOVT[ OlappolU .

G£pan£ia: I:Dl!n'"[WI!U'ttKn.

ro 01'Oj..taXO. Mspucsc; !pOpEe; £p£8i~£t Kat 1'0 op80 01'aV XOP'l1yEi. 1'Ut O£ U1t08S1'u. A1tO 1'0 1t£1t1'lKO Afyo cmoPPOqla1'aL LS j..t£yaASe; OOOW;1tPOKUAsi Otc_ippOlU EV1'OV'I1 KUt XUPUK1''I1pt01'lKEe; OU. 01taO£te; 1'OU £1ttyu01'piou.

@epalLeia: LUj..t1tTCOj..tUTt K".

OPMONE~ KAI I;YNAcDH

IIUP£VEpYSl£e; stvrn 01tUVl£e;. AVU1t1'UOOSt UVt'lOWj..tU1'U O£ j..tSpucouc a08£v£ie;. IIpoooX" 01''11 XopnY'l1o'l1 OS OtUj3"T'I1.

H 1'01;lK01''I11'U OUViOTU1'at OS KUTUKpaT'I10'l1 VspOU us U1tOT£M::Oj..tU U1tOVUTptatj..tiu Kat OUj..t1t1'Wj..tUTU O'l1A'I1TTlPiuoTle; uno V£po, 1tOU 1tsptAUj..tpaVSl1tOVOKEcpUAo, euSp£8tOTOTTjTU, vnurto., susTO, oUYXUo'l1, A:r\8upyo, KWj..tU, 01taOj..tOUe;.

@epalLela: LUj..t 1t1'COj..tUTtK".

EV!tlLrcO!tara

H XPOVtU XP"O'l1, 01tCOe; stvm YVCOOTO, 1tpOKaA£i cuvopouo Cushing. H KUTa1t00'l1 j..tsyaA'I1e; 1tOOOTTlTae; scpa1tu1; Osv rrpoxcA£i 8'11ATlT'I1PlaOSte;, ytuTi TU !paPj..tUKU UUTa U1tOPaAAOVTat suKOAU KUt TU Il£TUj30AtKa OUIl1tTWIlUTa 1tOU 1tPOKUAOUV £iVUl 1tOAU SAa!Ppa. IIaVTWe; aTOIlU us OUKXUPWOTI OtUj3"TTj uxopei VU U1tO. 01'OUV Otaj3'11nK" K£T01;two'l1 " KWlla. Fsvuco»; 1tUPUKOAou8s{Tat '11 UPTTjptUKn 1tisOTl, ot TlM::KTpOAUTSe; Kat TO OaKXUpO. H ACTH Il1tOpei VU 1tpOKaAeO£t uvucpUAaKTtKa ocwousvu.

@epalLeia

L£ lla~tK" Atl\l1T1 uxouuxoovcn IlS 1tAU0'l1 n EIlSTO. Avnj..tsTW1ttOTl T'I1e; U1tOKaAtatlliae;, T'I1e; oUKxupatllfue; UV Xp£tUOTSi. LS avu!puAu~iu U1tO ACTH TI YVCOOT" uywyn (u8psval..ivTj).

11 "

j

OPI-l0VEe; qlUI..OU

Avopoy6va ~ OlO"1'poy6va

DpOYEO'UPOVOE10it ~ .AvapOl..llCa ~ rovaooTponlv£>;

E!pa1tu~ 1..,,\11'11 1tOOOT,,1'COV OSV 1tPOKUAOUV KAtvtKa, SVOOKptvtKa" 01tou8aia j..tS1'aj3oA1Ku 1tPOpA"j..tU1'a. H XPOVla XP"OTI u-ropst vn 1tpOKUA€Oel1tUpSvepYStSe;, U1t01'EASOj..tU rnc; svooKptvtK"e; 8paoTje;.

Movo O£ j..tU~tKn eqla1tU~ 800Tl OUVt01'a1'at '11 U1tOj..tUKPUVO'l1 TOU ocpuuxoo us EIlS1'O n 1tAUOTj KUt XopnY'l10Tl aV8paKU.

Luv'I18toj..tev'I1 stvm '11 A,,\I1Tj U1tO 1tat8ta UV1'tOUAA'I11tTtKWV 8t· c xtcov . Kat ytU rn UV1'lOUAATl1t1'lKa tOXuouv 1'U i8tu.

XPTlOtj..t01tOlOUVTat OT'I1 8spu1teia UTOj..tCOV 1tOU 1taOXouv U1tO u1t08upeoet810j..to. Luxvee; sivut ot Atl.\I1Ste; 8upo~ivTje; U1tO 1tut8te! 'I1A1KiUe; <4 STWV.

EV!t lL1'cO!t ara

Tn KAtvtKa OUIl1tTWj..tUTU urourov 1tOU rcuipvoov j..t£yaM::e; 1t0- OOTTlTSe; 8upeOet01KcOv OPIlOVcOV stvm xopouoio IlS UUTa TCOV UTO· j..tCOV 1tOU naoxouv U1tO u1tsp8upsoetOtoj..t0.

LUIl1tTwj..tuTa 1tOU npoxuxouvrut «rro 8'11ATjTTlpiuoTj e~at1'iue; u1tep8000Aoyiue; Kat rrou SIl!puvi~OVTat j..teTa 4-24 cOpse; stvm: sxvsupuruoc, K01tCOO'l1, euepe810TOT'I1TU, rrpo'rtuncrt \I1UXPou n£ptj3aAAovTOe;, al..Auyee; Ej..tIlTlV'I1e; pUo'l1e;, unwAsla papoue;, TUXUKupoiu, KOA1ttKtl. IlUPj..tUPUYtl., ~eOTa Kat uypa XEpta, 1tUpSTOe;, rpouoc OU KTUI..COV.

EpyacrrT/pwKeX eopnua-:«

Le Ol..£e; ru; nSpt1tTWOSte; 8T1ATjTTlpiU0'l1e; us opuovsc TOU Bupsost80ue; 1tp£1t£l va yivst £~eTUOTj TCOV s1tl1tt8cov OTO utuu, WOT£

va EASYX8Ei 11 0'tu81l11 't11<; opuovnc 0' uuro , <J)OOlOAoytKe<; 'C1- I!e<; T4: 5-14 ugz'dl, T3: 60 - 180 ng/dl.

0epanela

H aV'C1Ils'Cc01tt011 E';ap'tu'tat ano 't11 oot)apo't11'Ca 't11<; 011A11- U\pia011C; Kat 't11<; KAtv1KijC; sucovo.c 'tOO a08EVOU<; Ka1 onwooijnO'CE ano 'ttC; KapOtaYYE1aKec; Kat 'Ct<; UAAE<; m8aVEC; Ola'tapaxEC;.

o XPOVO<; nutosicc; ~wijc; 't11 C; T 4 sivm 7 11IlEPSC; o-t ov s080- PSOS10tKO aV8pwno Kat 4 Twepsc; o rnv nEpi1t'tw011onsp80PEOS1- OlOIlOU. TT\C; T3 stvm nEp{noo 1 T\I!Epa qm<JlOAOY1Ka Kat A1YO'CEpo os 01tEp80PEOS101KO a08svij. Auto oEiXVSt zrooo 8a OUVSX1- o'tsi 11 KAtv1Kij oUlln'tWl!a'toAoyia. Es unspooooAoyia T\ nvnus'teD1ttOT\ nEp1Aallt)aVEt: ITAuo11 ij eIlE'to, xopijY110T\ av8pa xu. Ta sAa<ppu oOl!n'CeDlla'ta OEV xpEla~ov'tat 8spanEia nap' o-n us XOPTlYTl0111tp01tpaVOAOAT\C; o.no 'to orouc uzropsi va nvuxouqnoroov 'ta SVOXA11'ttKa OOI!1t'CcOlla'ta 't11<; 'taxuKapoia<;. Ta svrovc 001ln'CcOl!a'Ca I!nopsi va EASYX80uv IlS 1tponpaVoAoA11 10-40 mg xri- 8s 6 cOps<; ono 'Co 0't01l0 ijl - 2 mg 1. V. Ka8s I - 4 cOpSC;. H xopitYT\011 oW~SnullT\<; urropst va a1t00slx8si t)011811'ttKij. Ta oaA1KuAtKa OEV npe1tSt va XP110tIlO1tOtOUV'Cat, Yta'ti urcopst vn rtpoxuMoouv a1tOOUVOS011 't11C; 0PIlOV11C; uxo rnv 1tpw'CsfV11 KOt t'Cm au';T\011 'tOU Sntntoou 't11C; oro ail!a. H OlOUPT\Ol1 Kat 11 OtllOKa8ap- 0T\ OSV SXOUV anO'tSAEOl-la.

Ta na10ta ovtXOV'tat OXS'ttKa I!Eyo.AS<; OOOEt<; s<pana'; Bupo';{VT\C;. Axoun Kat OE U\jfTjASC; 'ttIlS<; 80po';iv11<; o ro 1tAaOlla 'ta OUI!1t'tcOllo'Ca OEV sivm avaAoY11C; oot)apor11'Cac;.

Avn8upwU01KU <pUpfJ.UKU

To <papl!aKa oU'tu sllnooi~ouv 'C11 OUV8E011 rcov 8UPSOEtOtKeDV opuovcov KOt XP11<Jl1!01tOlOuv'ta1 0'C11 8Epan£la 't11<; 80PEO'Co';iKW011C;.

Lvp,nrwp,ara: Ls s<pu1ta'; AT]\jf11 I!syaATj<; 1tOoo't11'Cac; OEV

SIl<pavi~ov'tat o1tolloaia oOI-l1t'CeDlla'ta. EE Xpovw ATl\jf11llnOPOUV vn 1tpoKaMoollv J)POYXOKijA11 I!S ll1t08llP£OE10101!0. EE 1tOAAt<; 1tspm'tcOoE1<; npoKaAouv yao'CpEv'tSP1KS<; ow'tapaXs<; ij Sspuu'tlKa E';av8itl!a'ta Kat ALYO'CSPO OllXVU 111ta'ti'ttoa Kat Ka'tao'tOAij 'COll IlllSAOU (AEllK01t€via, 8pOIlJ)01t€via). Exa napa'tT\P118si Kat

aAw1tEKia.

A6017: llP01tUA8SlOupaKiAT\ 50-250 mg/nuepo., ME81Ila~OAT\

5-20 mg/rtuspu, Kapt)tlla~oA11 5-20 mg/nuspu.

0epanela: A1tOI!UKPllVOT\ 'tou onpunxou Tl OlaK01tTl, OUIl-

n'CWl!a'CtKTl aywyij.

~OUA<pOVUAOUpiE<;

rA1J)EVKAal!ioT\, rKA1J)OpVoupiOT\, rAum~io11, TOAa~al!io11, XAwp01tponal!lOT\, av'ttOtaJ)T\'tlKa a1to 'to o rouc.

Lvp,nrwp,ara: Nnurtc, ~uA11, Ks<paAaAyia, Aij8apyoc;. Kupin EKOijAWOT\ stvrn 111tapO't€roI!SV11 unoYAUKatllia 10tai'tEPO us rnv XAWP01tP·onolliOT\. AKOAou8d o,;swoT\, a8s'two11, Kc.Ol!a. H U1tOYAllKatl!ia urropet va OtaPKSO€11l€P1KSC; 11lltps<; Kat va urro'tP01ttUOEl IlS'tU ano 1tap001KTl anoKa'Cao'taoT\. Y1t°YAUKatllia uzropet vu ollllJ)Ei o'Ca nat01a Kat I!E Il tKpt<; 000E1C;.

0epanela: Axoucxpovcn Il€ suero it 1tAU011 , xoPTtY11011 ovBpuxn, UIlSOT\ xoPi]YT\011 OE';'CpO~T\C;, 1tOpaKoAou8TjoTj S1tt 7 nuspsc; AOYW 'COll <pOJ)Oll U1to'tP01ti]C;. H XOPTtYT\011 UOpOKOP'C1~OV11<; I!a~{ Il€ OE';'tpO~Tj urcopet va €ivat XpTlOll-lT\. H YAuKayovT\ 1l0VO rrooocopivd au.;avEl 'CT\ yAUKO~11. Euv10'ta't(lt rt POKA11'ti] 01. KaA1-

Ki] OlOUPTj011.

Lvp,nrcOp,((Ta: Exroc a1to 'C11v ll1toYAuKatl!ia 1tpOKaAOuv 00- J)api] yaAaK'Cll<:i] O';SW011, tOtai'tEpa as nuoxov'ts<; o.no KapOtayYEta KtC;, T\1ta'tl.Ktc; i] VE<p PtKt<; VOOOu<;.

0epanela: 'Orccor; on<; OOUA<pOVUAOUpis<; Kat E1tt1tpo08t'twc;

01op8wOTj 'tT\<; yaAaK'C1Ki]<; o.;two11C;.

j

Xpncg~onol£i'tUt.OE olUl3nTtKit vEUpom18Eta OE 00011 200 mg/nuspc. Aoo n rrnvco uno 1 ypu~. npoKuAEi uU!;110n nnu'ttKcOV EV~U~COV, ~o.Al1, untpnvmu.

espans{a

AnOl-Lo.KpUVOn ~E Q1ETO it nAUOl1, x,oP1lynon o.V8PUKU, AOtn1l uywY1l OUJl1tTCOJlUnK1l.

AVTtOtal3nTtKO uno TOU OT0I-LUTOO:;. LE unEpooooAoyiu Jl1tOPEt vu EWPUVtOeOuv YUOTPEVTf.:ptKto:; Otu'tupax,€o:; Kat Ota'tUpUx,£o:; Tno:; yAUKO~no:;·

L,UVtO'to.Tat UnOJlo.KpUVOn, OUJlnTWJlUTtK1l UYWY1l Kat rtuPUKOAOu8non TOU oUKx,apou TOU utuuroc.

(])APMAKA MYIKOY I:YI:THMATOI:

XpnotJlEUOUV ytU npoKAnOn x,uAapWOno:; Ku'ta 'tn Olo.PKEta XElPOUpytK"O:; UVatOenoiuo:; Kat nEpmTCOotUKa ytu TOV €AeYXO TCOV oxuoucov. dOOElO:; rtou 1tPOKUAOUV XUAapWOn rcov rrspupspuccov JlUcOv £x,ouv EmKtVOUVn opo.on KUt OTOUO:; nvunvsoo-rucouc uuc.

Tc nupaycoyu TOU xouocptou, ATPUKOUPto, BEKOIJPOVto, Mtl3uKoupw, TIUVKOIJPOVto, nUpUAUOIJV TOIJO:; ~IJO:;, uu!;avov'tuo:; rnv uVTioTUOn TOU uuor; o rnv EKnoAWOn uno TnV UKE'tUAXOAivT[.

LV f.l rr:ciJ f.l a r a

Tu npwTUPXtKa oUJln'tcOl-Lu'tu Tn 0:; OnAnTT[piUOl1O:; stvm UVUnVEUOTtKi) eKnTWOT[ KUKAOCPOptKO collapsus, uppu8l-LiEO:;. AAAU oUl-LnTcOl-LUTU stvnt OIJOXEPEtU O~lAiuo:;, 13 a po 0:; OTU I3Mq>apu,

omAC01tiu, nupaAUOl1 uixov TOU AatJlOU, TOU 8WPUKU KUl TEAOO:; TOU Otacppay~uToo:;. ThWOl1 'tno:; 1ttEOl1O:; it un£pTuol1. To nUVKOUpovto ~nopei vn npoKuA£OEt TUX,UKUpoiu.

espansia: TEx,vn'tit nvnrrvori.

AVTioOTU: EOPOCPcOvw 10 mg KUt vsoo-nvutvn it nuptooonyutvn 0,5-1 mg KUl UTPOnivl1 1 mg. AVn~ETW1ttOn uno'tuol1O:; i)

U1t£p'tuono:;·

LE urou« JlE usuousvn Tn \jIEUOOX,OAlVEOTEpaOl1 u xops] vn 1tPOKUAEOEt 1tUPU'tETUJl£Vn anVotu. E1tiono:; unEpKuAtatJliu Kat KUK01len unEp8EPJliu.

Avrtusrcomon: TIUPUKOAOUenOn Kat unOOT1lpt!;l1 Tno:; UVU-

rtvoric. XopitYT[On uv8pcOnlVno:; \jIEUOOX,OAlVEOTEpaOno:;. AzmvoPEUETat n x,P1lon cpuooo'ny~ivno:;, VEOOTLYJlivno:;, EOPOCPcOVtOU " o.AAWV uvnx,OAlVEpytKcOV CPUp~o.KWV.

MUOX,UAUPWTtKO OE ooon 16 mg nuspnctcoc. Mrropst vo. npoKuMoEt Oto.PPCltU Kat uvnoux,iu. espanda: LU~1t'twI-LUnKit·

KuploonpOOOAn, MEeoKupI3UJlOAn, Tt~uvtOtvT[. LVf.lnTwf.laTa: To KUptO OUJl1tTW~U Eivm 11 KU'tUOToAit TOIJ KN:E uno EAucppa !lEXpt KcOJlUTOO:;. LUYXIJOn, KECPUAUAyiU, \jIEIJOUt08Tjos«; Kat OUOTOVlK1l uVTiopuon £XEt UVUcpEpeEi. EnioT[O:; TUX,UKUpoiu Kat unornon, VUOTUYJl0O:;, ~uopiuol1, KU'tUO'tOA" TTlO:; cvartvonc.

BaKAoq>tVll Kat AUV'tPOAEVlO

LUYX,UOT[, A1l8uPYOO:; Kat OE ooJ)upeo:; nEpt1tTWOEto:; ozcuouot KUt KcO!lU, KUTUOTOA" 'tno:; ovunvoric, J)puolJKupoiu KUt urrornon- EX,Et Eniol1O:; uvucpEp8Ei \jIUXWotK" uVTiopuon KUt U1t08EpJliu.

@spa7rsia: Anouo.xoovcn ~E EJ.,U::'tO n 1tA.UOll, XOpt'rfll0ll <ivElPUKU Kat KUElUp'tlKOU. Tic rnv U1tO'tUOll, lYYPo. LV. ij vrorcuutvn, ytU roue 01tUO~0~S cla~t:,Eno.~l1 Kat oU~1t'tm~U'tlKn aymyij.

KYTTAPO~TATIKA C])APMAKA

~'tTlV KU'tllyop{a au'tij 1tEplA.aJ.,lpo.voV'tat noA.A.o. (j)UPJ.,lUKU rtou XPTlOl~onOtoUv'tal o rn 8Epa1tEia VEOnA.aOJ.,la'tlKWV voorov, Tn nEptOOO'tEPU rcov (j)ap~o.Kmv au'tcOv EXOUV oof}ap£e;, oof}apO'ta1'Ee; aVE1ttElUJ.,ll1'tEe; EVEPYEtE<:; o tu; ElEpaneu'ttKE<:; COOE1e;. 01 EVEpYELEe; aU'tEe; Eivat KaA.cO<:; yvmo't£e; crouc tnrpouc; 1tOU E(j)ap~ot:,ouv rn (j)<ipJ.,laKa nutu. Etvcn YVCOO'tO OTt OA.a 0XECOV 1"a napa1to.vco (j)o.pun xc E(j)apJ.,lOt:,ov'tat OE E1C1Ko. 'tJ.,lnl-la'ta rcov NOOOKOJ.,lEimv Kat uno rnv EniJ3A.E\vll Et61KWV W1"POOv. YnEpCoooA.oyiEe; I-lE xurtupoo'ta1"1KU odpuu xu £XOUV ava(j)Ep8ei o-m J3tJ3A.toypa(j)iu xuptox; urro unEpj3aoll 1"11e; 6000A.oyiae; uno A.o.80e; unoA.oytOJ.,lO 'tlle; 6000A.oyiue;. ~uo'tUXwe; at 6uva't01"11"rEe; uvnucrcomont; 'tCOV OUI-l1t1"ml-lo.rrov OE 1tEptn'tOOO"Ele; U1tEpCOOOA.oy{ue; Elva1 1tEP10ptO"J.l,£VEe;, uooo Tl U1tap~l1 Et61KWV aV'tt60'tmv stvrn oXE60v ·J.,l116aJ.,lwn.

E1tE16ij 11 XPijOll rcov KUnapOO1"a1"1KWV (j)apl-lo.Kmv J3piOKE'tal o ru X£pw E1CtKWV 1a1"pWV 1touyvmpit:,ol:)v ru EVCEXOJ.,lEVa a1to KaVOV1Kn n EO(j)aA.I-l£Vll XpnOll 6Ev Ela ava1t'tux80uv 01 Cpo.OE1<:; 'tOUe; OE 1tEpi1t'tcooTl U1tEp6000A.oyiae; 01"0 xnpov f}tj3A.io. AA.A.mO'tE stvct w'tuxooe; EA.o. X101"Ee; 01 1tEpl1t1"WO"E1e; U1tEpCOOOA.oytUe;.

~IAc])OPA C])APMAKA

IVI17rTcOl1aTa: rE XPovLa 8Epa1tWTtKn aymyl'J EXOUV rrupnTJ"lP118ei OUJ.,l1t1"Wl-lu'tu o1tme; CEPl-la'ttK<i E~av8nl-laTU, nupcroc, vuurtn, EJ.,lETOl. A.EUKonEv{a, ncoowoqnxto., cvuc rpsunun nxc'nKij 61a1"Upaxn, aA.C01tEKiu, 1tEPl(j)EptKij veupmoc. ~E u1tEp6000- A.oyia nvuqispovrm vuuttu, EI-lE'tOe;, cto.ppata, E1ttf}6.puvoll VE(j)P1- Kne; A.Et'toupy{a<:;.

@spa7rsia: Anoucxoovon roo (j)UPJ.l,UKOU, Stoupnon KUt OUJ.l,n'tmJ.l,a't1Kn avtursrdrmon. AoElEVn<:; 1tOU 1tijPE 22 YPuJ.l,J.l,o.pta E1tEt:,l1oE.

XPTlOll-101tOlOUV'tat eupu'ta'ta o'tll 8EpanW1"tKTl a1to 'to o-rouu, OE J.,lOp(j)n unoElE'tCOV Kat EVCO(j)A.EJ3ime;.

IVI17rTcOl1a ra

Ta 1tpw'ta OUl-ln'tcOl-lu'ta ano U1t£PJ3aOTl Tlle; CoooA.oyiae; stVat C1EYEp'tlKU 1"OU KN~, vnurtn, EV'tOVll aVTlouxia, EJ.,lE'tOt, 'tPOuoc, 01tUOI-l0i. AKOA.OUElet nupE'tOe;, llA.EK'tPOA.U'ttKEe; cw'tapaXe<:;. uiuo.tsuson, KUUVCOOll, 81a'tapaXEe; 'tOU Kap81aKOU pu8J.,loU Kat 'tlle; cvo.nvonc, uno'taoll, KWJ.l,a Kat Elo.va'toe;.

@spa7rsia

EYKatP11 a1tol-l<iKpUVO"l1 TOU (j)apJ.l,o.Kou J.,lE E~ETO ij 1tA.U011, xopijYll0Tl uvElpuKa, U1WKA.UOI-l0e; av XOPllyijElllKuv J.,lE un08ETO. Fin TOUe; o1tao~OUe; ctat:,E1to.J.,ll1. H 610UPTl011 etvnt a1to'tEA.EOJ.,larucri. KaA.<i U1t01"EA.£OJ.,la'ta MVEt 11 atJ.,loKu8apoll J.,lEOCO o'tllA.WV o.v8puKa o rcv 'to E1ti1tE60 U1tEpj3Ei r c 50 ug/rnl.

E1ti1tE6u 8EO(j)UA.A.iv11<:; o-ro atl-la: 0EpanW1"tKo. 10-20 ug/rnl, EVW dvto rcov 30 ug/rnl 1tpOKaA.OUV oourrrcouuru.

Xpnmuorrctsrtm yta r«; 81a'tapaXee; 'tlle; uvriun«; Kat rtpoooxn<:; rcov TlA.tK1mI-lEVCOV OE 600Tl 1500 mg/nuspc. ~EV EXEl 1tE, ptypa(j)Ei u1tEp6000A.oyta. Oe; aVE1ttElu~l1'tE<:; EVEPYE1E<:; EXOUV ava(j)Ep8e{ au1tvta, E1ttyao'tpaA.yiu, lA.tYyoe; Ka1 o.Suvuutu.

Xpncnuozotstrut yw rnv EA.<i'tTCOOTl1"OU OUptKOI) 01;EOe; 0't0 aiJ.,lu OE 80011 200-300 mg./nuspu.

Toellafr; Soaoei«: Ex,ouv C1VUq>Bp8Bi YUO'tPBVl;BP1KE~ ota'taPUX,E~, un08upBOB1010J.,L6~ it unBp8upBOc.:1010J.,L0~ Ka8w~ Kat txrspoe,

Bl'tU!1iVll A

EUJ.,Ln'twJ.,LU1'U npoKaAOUV1'at 01'UV X,OP11yc.:i1'at as zooornrec; 11J.,Lc.:P11oiw~ 20-50 q>OPE~ W:YC1AU1'c.:pc.:.;; urco 1'T]V unupui'tT]'tT] T]J.,Lc.:PitOlC1 00011. H unc.:pooooAoytU npoKaAc.:t vcurtu, EJ.,LE1'O, c.:UEPE- 8101'01'TJ1'a, uuc,T]oT] EVOOKPC1VtUKit~ ntEoTJ';;, KEq>uAUA.yia. EE x,poV1U U1tEpOOOOA.oyta: «vnuuc, A.EUK01tSv{a, UA.WnEKiC1, 111tU1'OonA.T\VOJ.,LEYC1Aiu, 1tEP100'ttKit C1V1'tOpaoT\ ouvit8w.;; nOAu OOUVTJPrl.

(gepan6la: ~1UK01t11 Kat oUJ.,Ln'tWI-lU1'tKit aywyrl.

A1tO 1'T\ X,oPitYT]OTJ J.,Leyo:'AT]~ OOOT\~ I3t1'UJ.,LivT\~ D 0:.1tC1C, OUVrl- 8w~ OEV npOKUA.Ei1'C11 't0C,1KO'tTJ1'C1. TOC,lKU oUJ.,Ln1'cOJ.,LU1'C1 EJ.,Lq>Uvi~OV1'at ano 1'TJ X,OPrlYTJOTJ U'lfT]A.WV OOOEWV ytU J.,LeyUAo 01o.01'TJJ.,LU (nuvw C1n6 100.000 I-l0V. TJJ.,Lc;PT\oiw~).

01 131OAOytKe.;; opo.oet~ 1'TJ~ I3nul-livT\~ D urtopst vu OUVEX,tO'rOUV YlU UPKE1'E~ TJJ.,LEPE~ J.,LE1'o. 'rT] 01(1 Konrl r oo q>up I-lU KOU.

Lv~nTdJ~a-ra: Avopec,iu, vmrrto., €J.,Ls'tat, Otuppota, noA.uoupto., anroA.etC1 l3upou.;;, novoKEq>aA.o,;;, iA1.')'yO~. Auc,T]oT\ 'rou aol3e-

o rtou Kat ocooqiooou 'rou C1iJ.,Lu'to.;; Kat oupcov I-lE Evun68eoTJ uol3s-

o rfou o rouc; VEq>pOU~ (unEp'raoTJ) K(l1 UhAOU.

Avnusrcomcrn 'rT\~ 'rOC,lKO'rT]'tU';; ytvs'tat J.,Le OtUKOnrl1'TJ~ I3t'tul-livT]~ D Kat oUl-ln'troJ.,LU'ttKrl aVTlJ.,Le'rcOmoT\. Ex,Et x,pT\01J.,LOnOlT\ 8c.:i Kat 'to EDT A 1'1« 'rTJV unEpuoI3EO'rlUlJ.,Liu.

Lv~nTdJ~aTa: KEq>UAC1Ayiu, ~o.A.TJ, vuurtn, EpU8TJJ.,LU rtpooco- 1tOU, I-lU'iKrl aouvul-lia, 1tPOKUPOto o.A.yo,;;, n'troOTJ niEOTJ';;, I3poyx,601taoI-l0~. ~60Et~ 500 - 1250 rng Oscopoovru. "COC,tKE,;;.

(gepq.neia: An0l-lo:'KPUVOT] J.,LE EJ.,LE'rO it nA.uoT], o.V8pUKU~. Ttu 'tT]v uno'tuoT], uypa KC1t V'r01tC1l-liVT]. H C1l-ltvOq>UA.A.tVTJ X,PTJOlJ.,LOnOtEi'tC1t ytC1 'rOV J}poyx,601tuoJ.,L0 KC1t 'to npOKupOtO UA yO~.

XPTJOlJ.,LOnOtEinn ro~ C1V'rtOtUPPOtKO q>UPJ.,LUKO ouvitew~ os ouvouuoJ.,L6' J.,LS U'tP01tiV11. H 8EpC1nCU'HKTt 060TJ J}piOKE'tat KOV'to. crnv 'tOC,lKTt, Yl' C1u't6 Kat at OT]ATJ'tTJpto.oSls stvm OUX,VE~, 10iw~ 0'tC1 nC1\oui. Kdrro rcov 2 E'trov OEV OUV10't0.'tUt. EX,El OTJJ.,LElro8ei 86:.vu'r0~ OE nUlo{ 2 E'rcOV J.,LS 30 mg 01q>a1V0c,uAO:.'rT]~. TC1 npcO'ta OUJ.,L1t'rcOJ.,La'tu 1tPOEPX,OV'tat U1tO 'tTJV urpornvn ('tux,uKupoiC1, EPU- 8po'rT]'tu oepJ.,Lu'tos, unep8epJ.,Li(1). AKOA.ou8ei YEV1KTt urrorovtu, Ka'tap')'T1oTJ av'tuvUKA.ao'ttKcOV, J.,LuoT]. E'rT\ oeu'tepTJ q>6.oTJ oTJJ.,LetffiVE'rUt KU'rC10'tOATt 1'OU KNE Kat T] aVC1nVOrl Y1VE'tat E1ttnoAatT\ Kat J}pC1oeiC1. EnuoJ.,Loi 01'0 01'0:.010 nuro uztopst VC1 oostxovru, os unoc,iu. ITapaAU'tlK6.;; SlAeO';; urcopst vo. eJ.,Lq>uv\08ei.

(gepam;{a: ITADOT] O'tOJ.,L6.X,OU E01'W Kat av etvct nOAM~ ropes (12) un6 'tTJ ATtWTJ, Ylu'ti EmJ}paouvE'tul TJ crroppoqmcn AOyW opo.OTJs rou oupuuxou o-ro svrspo. XOPTJyei'tC1t O:.v8paKC1~ KC1t KU- 8C1P'rlK6. AJ.,LeoTJ npooox,rl o rnv «vunvon. Av EX,Et EnT\pEC108ei TJ uvurrvon x,oPTJyei1'at vaAoc,6VTJ (I3A.Ene cvrtooru). ITapUKOA.OU- 8TJOTJ 1'10. 24 ew~ 48 cOpes·

KUqlOUpO:

vise.

H KUq>OUP6:. I3ptoKE'tat OE OAU ru J.,LEpTJ 1'OU q>U1'OU Cinnamomum camphore, an6 1'0 orroto AaJ.,Ll36:.ve1'C11 J.,Le urr60'rac,TJ. ETtuspc 1tUpuoKeuo.~1'U1 OUV8E't1Kros' E1'o EJ.,Ln6plO q>EPE't(l1 OE J.,LOpq>" nAuKloiwv, 'rU oztoin x,P11otJ.,LOn010UV1'al o»; cxcopoxrovu KUt w~ AatK6 q>O:.PJ.,L<lKO.

H Kaq>oupO:. eiVal1'oc,lKrl ouoto J.,Le unoA.oYl~oJ.,LeV11 8ava'tTJq>6po 00011 50-500 mg/kg. 1 ypaJ.,L. KUq>OUPa.s, 1'\'t01 1'0 1/3 'tou nA.aK1010u (I1tA.<lK101O ~uyi~elnepi1tou 3 ypal-l.) uxoost VC1 stvm

6uVU""TlqlOPO ytU 1tatoi, EWO EXEt EmsijoEl €VTP.lKOe; 1tOU 1tijp€ 30 YPUJ-l.

LV/.UrTW/..wra

EJ-lqluvisov'tOt vrop«; Kat 1t€ptAUJ..l,[3avouv Ui06n).1U KUUOOU O'tO O'tO).1U Kat 0't0 qlcipuyyu, Ui08nJ-lU oi\Vue;, E1ttYUO'tPUAyiu, vuorte , EJ..l,E'tO, lAlyyoue;, OtEy€pOn, ouYXuon, uvnouxiu, 1tUpUAijpnJ-lU ).1E \VEUoat06tlO€te;, 'tuxu1taA).1ia, [3paOU1tVOm, J..l,U1KEe; OU- 01taO€t<; 1tOU Ka'taAtlYouv OE YEVlKEUJ-lEVOUe; <J1taOJ-lOUe;. ~1taVta a1tO't€AOUV 'to 1tpOnO OU).11t'tCD).1U. AKOAou6Ei Ka'taO'tOAtl 'tOU KN~, am:OA€ta ouvEionOll<;, KcOJ-lU. 0 6uva'to<; 1tPOEPXE'tat a1tO UVU1tVWO'ttKtl UV€1tapKE1U tl status epilepticus.

@spa7rsia

TIpOKAllon €J-liwu tl1tAUOll, XOpllYnOn Uv6paKU. XOPtlYn- 011 aAa'tOUXOu Ka6upnKOU. A1to<p€uy€'tat n XOPtlYllon Amaprov ooouov Kat aAKOOAne;, ytu'ti j301180uv crrnv uxoopoqmon. Ttu roue o1taOJ-lOUe; Otas€1ta).111. Em Ka'tao'tOAtl<; 'tlle; uvunvoru; uxoo-cnpt~n Kat o~uyOVO. TIapaKoAOu8non ytU apKE'tEe; rop€e;.

llpoaox1j: Asv 1tpi1tEl va XPllCHJ..l,onotd'tut 11 xuqioupri o tu natOlU, ym'tt EXOUV avuql€p6ei 011An'tllptUoEle; OE natOla ano €1tciAEt\jln oro oipJ..l,a Kat E1.C11tV0tl KaqlOUpo.<;.

Y1tOXOAllo't€PtVatJ..l,tKO.

L€ 8€pa1tEUnK8e; OOO€le; 1tUPU'tllPtl8nK€ vcuttc Kat ai0611- J-lU 'taon<; O'tO unoyo.orpw.

LV/..mrW/.lara: LE J-l€yo.A€e; 000€1e; iX€lnapa'tnp116ei Y€V1Ktl uota8€oia, J..l,UUAyU::<;, J..l,UtKtl aOuvuJ..l,ia. Entone; KEqlaAaAyia, xnpOlaKE<; appu6).1i€e;, npOKapow o.Ayoe;, OlOYKCDOn tlnu1'oe;, au~non rpruruccov €VSUJ..l,CDV. AKO).1U Suooupic., muo.touptc , OAtYOUpia ixoUY 1tapa'tnp116Ei.

Oeoaneia: Anounxpovcn J-l€ 8J-l€'tO tl1tAUOll, XOPtlYlloll uvOpuxu, OUJ-l1t'tCDJ..l,UnKi) ayroyt'j.

~. ,. 'f

TO~lKa <pOtVOJ..l,EVU J-l1tOPOUV vu €).1qluvl06ouv orruvtox; U1tO XPtlon uql€\VnJ-lo.1'CDV KUqlE i) 'tOUYlOU O€ vsovvc Kat [3pE,qln.

EV/.l7rrw/.lara

H KOqlEiY11npOKaAd ol8y€pOn 1'ou KNL Kat 01tao).10Ue;. Emone; 1'pO).1roO€t<; Kl.Yi)O€le; 1'CDV aKpCDv, [30J-lj30 'tCDV ro'tCDV, 'tuxuKapoiu tl EK'taK'tEe; OUO'tOAE,<;, €qlioproon. ).1Uoll 'tCDV xopeov. Ta OU).1- n'tcOJ-la'ta J..l,€ rn 6€Oj3pCDJ..l,ivn eivm nmo repu EK'tOe; 1'11e; UYYEtOOWO'tOAtle; 1tOU sfvrn Ev'tOVO'tEPll xut ouvu1'ov va 1tPOKUA€l'tat 1t'troOll 1'ne; ap'tllPtaKtle; 1ti€on<;.

@spans{a

TIpoKAnoll €).1E'tOU tl nAuon o'tOJ-lUxou. ita rout; onao).10Ue; otaSEnaJ-lll. Avuospsrrn on 10 ypaJ..l,. KOql€'[Vne; uxopst va etvm 8uva'tn<popu, av xm EXEt EmStlO€t a'toJ..l,o J-lE 30 YPUJ-l.

~E unEpooooAoyiu napa'tllpEi'tat svrovn Ol£AOPPOW, 'taxuKapoia, appu6J..l,le<;, Ka'tuo'toAtl uvurtvoric, Sc1.An. \jIwoatO"6i)O€te;, a'ta~ia, ouosreponsvtu.

@spansia: A1toJ-lc1.KPUVOll, XOPtlYllon civ6puKa Kat Ka6up'ttKOU, uvnuerrozncn U1tO'taoll<;, yta r«; uppu6J-liEe; AtOOKUiY11, av'ttJ..l,E'tcOmoll Ka Kotl6oue; VWPOA n1t1'lKOU OUVOpOJ-lOU.

Exouv OUJ..l,[3ei 8uva'tot).1E 2.5 ypaJ-l., €vO) €nEsllo€ urouo J-l€ 4 YPuJ-lJ..l,apta.

KUUIUO'J.10<; (KUUJ.10l - KOUKla.)

!lEV rrpoxsrtm ytn onAn'tllPlcOOn Opaoll, aAAu yla 'tllV rrpoKAnoll atJ-lOAUOne; O€ c1.'toJ..l,a TWU EXOUV E,AA€t\Vn t ou €VSUJ..l,OU YAUKOSo-6-qlCDOqlOplKtle; oE00poY€Vaolle; (G6PD) o tu Epu6pu

muooocfpin. Kuouiouoc; unopst va 1tpOKATJ6ei ano vro1to. it /;6- po. KOUKto., uxouc Kat ano 6tO'nvoit YUPTJ<; rrov AOUAOUOtOOV 'tOU<;. Eivm O'uXy6'tepo~0'ta1tatOto. 1tapu O''ta evitAtKa c rouu. :Euxvorepu npoO'l3uAAov'tat ru ayopta.

AtjlOAUO'TJ uxopst va 1tpoKATJ6ei o-rn a'tojla us eAAw.jITJ roo eV~U~OU Kat a1tO UAAe<; OUO't6<; 01tro<; <paiV6'tat O''tOV 1tapaKU'tro niVaKa. H 1tPOKATJO'TJ 'tTJ<; at~OAUO'TJ<; OeV e1tTJPea~e'tat anO 'tTJ OOO'OAoyiu 'tTJ<; ouotuc.

EVj..HrTcO/.laTa: .QXPOTn'Ta, muocqxnpwoupta, uctepoc, Mrropoov va 1tupouma0'80uv eniO'T)<; nupe'tO<;, eueroi, KOtAtaKa 0.1.. 'YT), oO'<puaAyia, u1to'taO'TJ Kat veqipucn I3Aul3TJ a1to 'tTJV uuiooqxnpwoupia.

EJepaneia: PU8~10'TJ 1.5oa'to<; Kat TJA£K'tpoAu'tdlV, ~e'ta"fY1.O'TJ aiunroc 6UV Xp61a0'661. Esti uvouptnc Kat oupmutcc; UljlOKa8apO'TJ.

01 O'1tOUOUIO'tepe<; OUO'ie<; nOU urropsi va 1tpOKaA€O'ouv at~OAUO'TJ O'E eAAE1'V'TJ EV~1.5jlOU G6PD sivrn 01 napaKa'tro:

- cfIatvaKe'tiVTJ - Kivivn

- AK6'tavtAioTJ - XAropoKivTJ

- cfIUlva~oATJ, Ot1tUPOVTJ - Tlpiuuxtvn

- Auivonupfvn - uv'nrroptvn - Tlnumctvn

- :EouA<povajliOe<; - Mszruxptvn

- I:OUA<povE<; - KlVtOlVTJ

- KOUKta - N a<p6aAiVT)

- NUA101/;tKO 0/;1.5 - Nrtpoqioupdvin

- At~ePKa1tpOATJ - napa-a~tvOO'aAIKUAtKO 0/;1.5

- XAropa~<patvlKOATJ

Xpnoiuoxoietcm O''tTJ 6epU1tEiu 'tTJ<; entATJ'V'iu<;. I:e unEpoooOAoyiu €XOUV ava<p6p86i yUO''tPeV'tEp1 K€<; OtU'tapaXE<;, Ke<paAaA'Yia, Ot1tAroniu, ~uATJ, u'tu/;ia.

H 6epU1tEia stvm 0'\)~1tTrojlU't1Kt'i.

Xpnciuonotsrtm ro<; uvnotuppouco. Arco npoO'<pa'te<; OTJjlOO'1EU0'61<; 1tpOKU1tTEl o'tt oe jle'YaAe<; OOO'E1<; EXet opaO'TJ 01tro<; 'ta

ozroiooxe Kat srcn 1tpOKUAe{ Ka'tuO''toAit t ou K.N.:E. Kat totai'tePU roo KEV'tpOU 'tTJ<; cvcocvonc ~6j3paoeia Kat e1tt1toAata nvurtvon, ~uO'TJ. EXEt nupa'tTJPTJ6Ei nupaAu'ttKo<; EtA60<; Kat I3paouKapoia us EK'taK'te<; OUO'tOAE<;. AKOjlTJ EXet npOKaAEO'Et U1t6p'YAuKatjlia. I:e O'nUVtE<; 1tEPt1t'tOOO'Et<; exouv 1tapa'tTJPTJ8E{ OUO''tOvucs«; UV'ttOpaOEt<;.

EJepaneia: I:'tTJV UV'tt~e'tOO1ttO'TJ eK'tO<; U1tO 'tTJV a1tOjlaKPUVO'TJ ~E susro it 1tMO'TJ Kat xoPit'YTJO'TJ aV8paKa, TJ vaAo/;ovTJ stvct 'to aV'tioo'to 01tro<; Kat c ru 01ttOUXU (131... av'tfoo'ta).

Mt'tOKA01tPUIlIO'1

Xpnoiuoaotsirm os 1tU6itO'el<; 'tou 1t61t'ttKOU xu 1 ro<; cvnsusruco. I:'ta 1tatOla tOtai'tepa EXet 1tPOKUABOet E/;ro1tUpajltOtKE<; eKOTJAWOe1<; mcouo Kat oe 6epa1tcunKE<; 000e1<;. Me u'V'TJAB<; 00- os«; E.XOUV 1tapa'tTJPTJ8Ei e~ro1tUpa~t01KE<; eKOTJAWO'el<; KUl oe eVTJAiKou<;. EK'tO<; a1to 'n<; e/;ro1tUpa~t01K€<; 6KOTJAooO'Et<; €xOUV 1tEptypUcpe{ 'taxuKapoia, uppudutu, u1to'taO'TJ it U1tBp'taO'TJ, voutto , ~uATJ, 1tUpe'tO<;, 01aPP01a, OUO'K01Ato'tTJ'ra. Aicouu aVT)O'uxia, oucooptu, 1tapaAitpTJ~a, O'1taVta e1tioTJ<; jle6atjlOO<patPIVat~{a.

EJepaneia: AnOjlaKPUVO'TJ us suero it nAuO'TJ, av6puKa<;, OtOUpTJO'TJ Kat 'YlQ Tt<; e/;ro1tUpUjl101KE<; eKOTJAO:J0'6t<; j3tm:p10ivTJ (l3Mne av'tioo'ta).

AU/;aVEt 'tTJ O'UV6eOTJ ~eAavoxproO''tlKWV rou oep~a'to<; ue'to. U1tO eK6eO'TJ ce uneplOOOTJ UK'tlVOj3oAiu. Xpnctuonoiettcn O''tTJ 6epa1teia tOtona60u<; AeUKTJ<;.

EVj..LnTcOj..laTa: Nuurtu, ejl eroi , Ke<paAaAyia, ~aATJ, OlEYepoTJ it Ku'tuO''toAit. O/;eiu Oep~U'ti'tl0U it rorrucd Sspuu-rucu E'YKauunrn.

EJepaneia: Y1tepl3oA1Kit OOOTJ 1tPE1tE1 v' ano~aKp\)v66i ue nAUO'TJ t'i E~E'tO. 0 approO"'to<; 1tpenel va uetvei os OKO'taOt 'Yta 12 WPE<;.

NIKO"Civll - MUO'l1O'l1 "CO'lyaprov l'J K(lnVOU

H VtKQ1'ivT( sivrn lO:XUpO_oTtJ.:rl'rl'JptO xrn T( 8ClVCl"t"T(cp6poC; 06- aT( Y1Cl eVTJAiKOUC; efvm 1tepi1tou 40-60 mg, 1tOOO"CT("t"Cl 1tOU rrspieXe"t"at as 2 "t"O'lyapCl. L"t"T(V 1tp6.~TJ ouro«; TJ vucortvn Ka'tClo'tpecpe'tat oro KU1tVtO'J..La KCl't6: J..LeyuAo 1t00'00't0. AT(ATJ1-TJP16.O'f:tC; Cl1tO vixortvn uzropst vc O'UJ..L(3ouv as (3PECPT( 1tOU J..LClO'OUV "C<Jly6.pa.

Arro J..LSAE'tSe; rou Ksvrpoo AllATJ'tllpt6.O'I;;mv 1tpOKU1t"t"et o-n cs 6Aa 'ta (3peCPll 1tOU uucoov 't<JlY6.pCl " Ka1tVO Cl1tOPPOcp6.'tat J..L1KPtl" J..LeyaMn;Pll 1toO'o'tll'ta vncortvnc. H Cl1topp6q>TJO'11 0" eva noooc'ro yiVS'tCl1 Cl1tO 'tll O'tOj..LCl'ttK" KotAo'tll'tCl (1tOAU svorptr; S1tOJ..LEVmc;) Kat as OEU"t"EPO XPOVO upvorspn 0't0 EV'tepo. L'tO <J"t"0- J..LclXO OEV ytVe'tCl1 Cl1tOPPOCPllO'11 AOyCO roo pH. Tlspfnou 400 rrspt- 1t'tcOOStC; (3PEq>WV 1tOU uuooov 't<Jlyupa Ka'taypucpov'tat a1t' OAll 'tTJ XcOPcl K6.8e Xpovo.

kVI .. imibuoxa: Ta OUj..L1t"Cwj..LCl'ta 'tllC; onAll'tllpiaO'11C; J..LS VtKOrtvn EJ..LcpavlSov'tClt IlS vuurtn, suerouc, 1;,6.All, KscpaAaAY1Cl, Ot6.ppore, 'taxuKapoia, (J.1J~T(O'11 'tlle; ap'tT(p1aKtle; 1tieO'11C;, EcpiopcoOTJ Kat <JlEAOPP01Cl, 01taO'j..LOUC;, em(3p6.ouvO'11 'tllC; cvc nvoric, xnp- 01ClK" appu8J..Lia Kat KcOlla. 0 86.vCl't0C; av6.AoyCl IlE rnv 1t00'6- 'tll'tu uxopsi vu E1tEA8E1 U1tO 5 AE1t'ta J..LEXpt 4 cOpEC;. TCl OUJ..L1t'twuurn u-ropoov vn SKOllACOSOUV usrd 12-15 wpee;, yt' nuto XPEI6.- 1;,s'tat 1tClPCl KOAou8T( O'TJ 'tou (3PECPOUC; YICl 24 cOpse; 'tOUA6.X10''tOV.

@spanda: A1toJ..L(iKpuvO'TJ roo KCl1tVOU IlE Ej..LE'tO tl1tAUO'11 Kat XOPtlYllO'TJ uv8pClKa. L'tT( O'UVEXS1Cl U1t00TllptK't1 Ktl aymytl. XoPtlYTloT( nrpomvnc; Y1Cl 'tOY EAEYXO 'tlle; 1tapClO'Uj..L1tCl811'ttKtle; U1tSpopao'tll prornro c.

Xonctuoxoietrut coe; aVClAYll'ttKO OE 00011 30-60 mg rpeu; oopee; rnv nuepu,

LE U1tSPOoooAoyia EXOUV 1tapa'tllPllSei vcurtu, EJ..LS'tOe;, 1;,6.ATJ, S1tlO'XEO'11 oorxov, KscpClAaA yiCl, 'taxuKClpoiCl, ota TapClxec; 'tTJe; opucnc xm orrucuot.

H uvrtuarmmon sivm O'ull1t'tCOJ..La'ttKtl.

OK"Cal.lUAUJ.liVll (Octinum)

L1tClOJ..LOAU't1KO as 060E1e; 100-200 mg/TJJ..LEpCl .. LDso ylCl uuc; 88 mg/kg 1tapEv'tEp1KcOe;.

LVfJ.nrd)fJ.ara: Y1tVllA1Cl, o-rccuot, Ka'taO''toA", KWJ..La, 1tVSUj..LOVtKO otonu«.

Bspanda: LUj..L1t'tmj..LCl"t"lKtl Clymy".

H OIlE1tpa1;,oATJ sfvat cpUpj..LClKO j..LE IltKPtl 't0~1K6'tllTa. LDso Y1Cl 1tOVTIKOUe; stvm 4 ypall.lkg o.xo TOU 0'''t"6IlaTOe; Kat 80 mg/kg SVOOq>AE(3icoe;. A1tOPPOCPU'tClt YPtlyopa Kat EUKOAa IlS 'tTJ usvuAu'tSPll O'UYKEV'tpCOO'T( o-ro 1tAaO'j..LCl as 15-30'.

kVfJ.nrc1>fJ.ara: Lo(3apee; 011All'tT(p1aO'Ste; oev EXOUV rtupu'rnP118si. 'Exouv ClvacpEpSEi 'ta rmpu K6:'tm O'UJ..L1t't"cOIlCl"Ca uxouc KCllO'E 8EPCl1teD'ttKee; ooO'ete;: Clp8paAyia, 1l1./iKtl aouvallia, KscpaAaAvto., U1tVTlAla, au1tvlCl Kat lAt'Yyoe;. AtUppOlO., oUO'KotAtO'tll'tCl, xotAtaKO 6:Ayoe;, vcorto., EIlE'tOe; Ka1 O'1tC:lvta O''toj..LCl'tinoa. E1tlO'T(e; aU~11O'11 rcov T(1ta'tIKwv sv1;,uj..Lmv.

nlpaKEtaJ..l.ll

0smpEt'tCll. coe; Epe810''t1KO ('tOVCOTtKO) rou EyKScp6.AOU xrn XPlloiuonoierrm as ClA KOOA10' uo, tAlyyoue;, O'uvopo un rtou a KOAOUBoov rpcourrnouo tl E'YXsipnO'11. AOO'TJ 2,4 vpcu. nuspnotcoc, rrrnOt6. 40 mg/kg.

H 000'11 uxopet va cpS6:O'S1 o ru 3-6 YPClJ..L. EVOOj..LU1KcOe; tl svOOcpAE~icoe;. Asv U1t6.PXouv TO~1KOAOytK6. OEoollEva OUTS EXOUV nvuoe p8si o11All"t"11 p1UO'SIe;.

nUpU~OAOVEC;

(A~u1tpo1tU~ovll. uurvonuptvn , cpatVUAJ.l1tOUtU~Ovll, Ol1tUpovll)

O~s{a oT/AT/rTJpiaoTJ: N(J.1.)'tiCl, EJ..LS'tOe;, rrovoc cro S1t1y6.O''tPtO, cl tj..LCl'tEj..LSO'11 , 1;,6. All , U1tEp1tVOla, j..LE'ta~oAl K"tl O~ECOO'11, KU6.VCOO'TJ,

OUO'KOAiu o rnv ovcorvon, O'nuO'l.1Oi, I3puouKupoia rl 'tUXUKapoiu, unEp'taO'l1 rl uno'tuO'l1 EXOUV uvwpEp9si.

H aV1'lnupiVll uxopef va npoKuAEO'Et JlE9atJloO'q>atptvatJliu.

AKOJlU KrL'taJ<"pli1'l1O'l1- v« rpio» Kat UOU1'OC;, I3Aul31111na1'lKrl KUt veopucri. A1'a!;iu, iAtyyoC;, onuouot, nupat0'9rlO'w;, KWI-tU, urcepOsputo rl Un09EpJliu. EniO'l1C; exouv nUpU1'l1P119d OtU1'upUxec; 1'11C; 1tllK1'tKO'tll1'U<; 1'OU uiJlu1'oc; Kat pul300I-tUOAUO'l1.

0span:s(a: ilpoKAllO'l1 eJlE1'OU rl nADO'l1 O'1'0I-tUXOU, XOPrlYll- 0'11 6.V8PUKU Kat Ku8upnKoD. Fur 1'OU<; O'nuO'I-tOUC; OW~EnUJlll, ytU 1'11 l-te9mJloO'q>atptvatJliu xunvouv 1'OU JlE9UAeViou, UV'ttJle1'W- 1110'111'11C; Un01'UO'l1C;. LE nepi1t1'(llO'l1 vsopucn«; UVE1tUpKeta<; KUt nvoupiut; 11 UVUAOYll uyro"fll.

H 1tPOKAll1'rl OlOUPllO'l1 OEV U1t00iOe1. H atl-tOKu8uPO'l1 O'E l3upu~C; KU1'UO'1'UO'E1C; ontvsrru vo. unoOiOEt.

Op800'1'UnKrl U1t01'aO'l1, ~UAll, cr1taO'Jloi, E!;ronupUl-tl01KEC; EK- 011 AW osic.

®EPU 1tEia O'U urrrco JlU 1'1 Ktl.

P10"1tEPli)6v1]

0EPU1tEU1'tKrl OOcrll 4-6 mg Jl£Xpt 16 mg nusonotcoc. TuxuKupoiu, U1tEP1'UO'l1 rl op900'1'U1'lKtl U1t01'ucrll I-t1tOPOUV va O'UI-tj}ouv 01troc; KUt KU1'UO'1'OArl1'OU KNL, E!;u:l1tOpuJltOtKec; EKOllAWO'EtC;.

AyroYtl O'UJl1t1'rol-tu1'tKil.

Tn O'UJl1t1'WI-tU1'U 1tOU el-tq>uvi~ov1'm etvm OtUPPOlU, 1tOVOKEq>aAoc;, K01trocrll, ~UAll, JluaAyieC;, E!;6.v811JlU, O'UYXUO'l1. 1tUpuAtlpnuu, \VUXCOO'l1, 01t1'1K£<; 1tUpat0'9TtO'Et<;, 13 paouKupoiu, EAuq>pu U1t01'aO'l1. E1ticr11C; EXEt 1tupa1'l1P118e{ ll1ta1'i1'lou, O'E XPovta XPTt- 0'11 Kat AEUKo1tEviu. Avuospsrrn Ail \V 11 24 YPuJll-tapirov q>upJl6.KOU unu!; U1tO EVTtAtKO 1tOU E1tE~l1crE. E1tiO'l1C; o to KEV1'PO ~l1ATj-

mpuioscov uvuq>ep811Ke m:pin'troO'Tj YUVUiKUC; rrou nilpE 10 YPUJl. Kat nupouO'iUO'E EAuq>pu O'UJl1t'tWl-ta1'u.

0span:sla: A1tOJluKPUVO'l1 JlE EJle1'O il 1tAUO'l1 , uv9paKUC;, 1tPOKA11O'l1 OWUP11O'l1C;, O'Ul-tn1'roJlUnKTt uyroyTt·

H puv1noivll YEV1KWC; EJlq>uvi~E1 EAaq>p01'ePU O'UJl1t1'WJlU'W tOtai'tepu U1tO 'to KNL.

Xpncuronotstr«i 0'1'11 8Epa1tEia 1'Tj<; YUO'1'POotO'Oq>UY1Krl<; 1tUAlVOPOJlll<;l1 O'E 000'11 10 mg 1'PetC; q>OPE<; 1'l1V nusou.

;, EVI-l1trwl-lara: ~tappOta, O'UO'1tUO'E1C; 0'1'0 U1toyaO'1'ptO, KE-

q>UAUA yiu, 1'axuKupoiu, U1tEP1'UO'l1.

H UV1'tJlE1'W111O'Tj stvrn O'UJl1t1'roJla'tlKil.

XP11O'lJlO1totEi1'at ro<; UV1'lEJlE1'tKO Kat cs nU9rlO'EtC; 1'OU 1tEn1'tKOU Of: 000'11 100-300 mg/riueon.

Tn O'UJl1t1'cOJlU1'U nEptAuJll3uvouv olu'tupaXE<; 1'OU unvou, unEpouhEPO'l1. EniO'l1<; E!;ronupaI-t10tKSC; eK011AcOO'E1<; JlE1'U a1to U1tepoocroAoyiu. Korno 0' 11 , unEp1'uO'l1, UJl11VOPPotU, yaAaK'topPOtu Kat yoVatKOl-tucr1'iu £XOUV EniO'Tj<; UVUq>ep9Ei.

0Spa1tsla: Azroumcpuvon, XOPilY11O'Tj UV9pUKU. AV1'1Jle1'WmO'Tj 1'OU E!;ro1tUPUl-tlOtKOU O'UVOpOJlOU.

~TjA111'TjPtUO'E1C; JlE O'iOTjpo O'UJll3uivouv U1tO q>UPJlUKWnKn O'KEuaO'I-tU1'U motlPou. IIoO'01'l11'U O'to1\pou (O'1'OtXEWKOU) 20-50 mg./kg urcopsi va npoKuA£crEt OTjA11'tTjpiucr11, svco 000'11 6.vro rrov 50 mg/kg 1tpoKUAEi O'oj}uPTt 011ATj'tllpiaO'Tj.

H 9uva1'Tjq>opoC; 000'11 u1toAoyi~E1'ut cs 200-900 mg/kg, aAAn O'1'U j}PE<P11 150 mg/kg 1tPOKUAOUV O'ol3uPTt OTjA111'l1PiuO'l1·

EVI-l1trwl-lara

H 011All1'l1PiuO'l1 E!;EAicrO'e1'Ut O'E 3-4 q>aO'EtC;. H Evap!;l11'cov O'UJl1t'trol-t(i1'rov yiVE1'at 1-2 WPEC; U1tO 1'11 ATt\v11. Y1tnpxouv

OUIJ,1t,[WlJ,a'[a £peEllOIJ,OU '[OU 1te1t,[lKOU omoe; £lJ,e'[oe;, atlJ,a'[£IJ,£all, 1tOVOe; 0,[0 emyO:.o'[plO, 5HlppOla, OUXvO:. us o.tun.

A KOA:OUElEi q>O:.ol1I3EA '[tCOOll e; yta AiYee; cDpEe; Kat 0'[11 OUV£Xela Em5Eivcooll (5-12 wpee;) us KUKAOCPOP1KO collapsus, rptn-nKTt J3AO:.I311 IlE mElavo'[l1'[a vsxpcoonc, o rruo uouc, U1t£p1tupe/;ia, Ola'[apax£e; 1tllK'CtKO'[l1'[ uc, lJ,e'[al3oA1KTt o/;£cooll, KUO:.VCOOll, muoppcvtsc, xcouu Kat VEq>P1KTt aVE1to:'pKela. Av '[0 0:.,[01J,0 em~Ttest, uzropst va eurpuviost O,[£VCO'[lKa ocwousvc 0,[0 1te1t'CtKO (01- Ooq>O:.yo, 1tUACOPO, evrspo) usrn 5-6 EI350IJ,aoEe;.

Bovaarnpuuca EUpTl/lara

AU/;l1011 015TtPou roo opou one; 3-6 roPee; a1to 'tll ATt\(ll1. 1:uxva aU/;l1011 YAUKO~l1e; ron utuuroc, H U1tap/;l1 010Kicov 0'[0 0'[0- lJ,a)'p iJ 'to £vrEPO unopst va 5tamo'[coElEt us uxnvovpcqnc KOtAiae;.

E>EPa neia

A1tolJ,o.KPUVOlllJ,e sus ro. Av 11 Allq>ElEioa 1tooo'[l1'[a etVUlIJ,Eyo.All, '[01tOEle,[Et-rUl yao'[p1KoC; oroAiJvae;. H Elepa1tEia us XllA1- K£e; EVWOele; apxi~El orov 0 oiOllPOe; opoo stvut 1to:'vco uxo 300 ug/'dl so-reo xrn xcopie; KA1V1K£e; EK511AWOEle; (,[lIlTt '[cov 61tpw'[cov coporv). AAAo. av n nooorrrrc 1tOU EAilCPElll riruv IJ,EYO:.All, 11 Eleparrstu apxi~l Ka1 xcopie; '[0 £pyao'[l1ptaKo nuro supnun. XOPllYEt-ralll 5eocpEplO/;allivll OE ouvexil eV50q>AE131a £yxuoll, OE 50- all IJ,£Xpt 80 mg/kg '[0 24ropo (yta J3P£(j)l1 IlSY10't0 1 vpcu.), IJ,E 1tapaKOAouElllOll '[11e; 1tiEOlle; yta'[i 1tpOKaAEl 1t'[WOll. 0 puElIJ,Oe; XOpilYllOlle; 5ev 1tp£1tEl va u1tepJ3aivEl '[11 00011 15 mg/kg/copu. Evoououcn«; Yla EVllAiKoue; 1-2 vpnu, uvri Scope Il£XPl 80 mg/kg '[0 24copo. Msvio rn 00011 24wpou y1a EVllAiKOUe; 6 vpcu. H 51apxsio. 'tlle; ElEpa1tEiae; 5Ev 1tP£1tEl va u1tEpJ3aivEl '[0 24ropo. Movo OE l3apl£e; Ka'[aO'[aOE1e; Em'[p£1tE'[al 11 u1t£Pl3aoll. Av UTIo:'PXEl avoupia ytVe'[at allJ,OKo.Elapoll y"La '[l1V a1tOlJ,o.KPUVOll 'tlle; svco- 011e; Oloilpou xrn Oeo(j)EplO/;alJ,ivlle;.

AoJ3ao'ta'[iv, 1tpaJ3ao'[a,[tv, otlJ,l3ao'[a'[ivll.

~ llA l1'[l1ptaOelC; IJ,£ cpo.PlJ,a xu • 129

EAO:.X10,[EC; 1tePl1t'[WOEle; 511A l1'[l1plo.OECOV £Xouv avaq>epElEi IJ,£

.~. 510:.ppOla, aU/;l1ol1111tanKcDV EV~UIJ,COV, lluaAyif:e; Kat aU/;l1011 'tllC;

t CPK. 1:E 1tEpi1t'[cooll u1tEp5000Aoyiae; 11 aycoyTt stvm OUIJ,1t'[CO-

-o-

, lJ,anKTt·

.r

TlKA01tloiVTl

EUIl77:,[cOllara: dE501J,£va U1taPXOUV a1to 01tOpa51K£e; TIEP1- 1t,[cDOEle; 511All'tllplao£cov.

Emvuo-rpuco aAYOe;, £IlE'[Oe; Kat 51aPPOla £XOUV avacpepElEt.

E1tiolle; OUYXUOll, AiJElapyoe;, a'[al;ia Kat 01taoIJ,0i. AKOlJ,a '[aXUKap5{a xo.t uxoruor]. T£AOe; £XOUV 1tapa'[l1PllE1El 51a'[apax£e; rlle; 1tiJ/;l1e; rou ntuc-rot; Kat muoppuvtc.

E>Epa77:t:la: A1tolJ,aKpuVOlllJ,E suero iJ 1tAUOll , xopiJYll0ll O:.vElpaKa. Fie '[oue; ozruououc otasEmilJ,l1 Kat 11 U1tOAOl1tll aycoyTt OUIl 1t '[co IJ, a n KTt.

Xprol10YAUK1KO vO,'tpw

XPllOlIJ,01tOlEi'[al yta rnv 1tPOAll\(1ll rcov xpiosrov '[OU I3poyX1KOU o.oEllla'tOe; IJ,E E101tVOiJ. A1tO '[0 1te1tHKO £Ao.X10'[a uvtoppoqinrm. ~EV IJ,E'[al3oAi~E'[al Kat a1toI3O:.AAE'tat '[ax£roe; o'[a OUpa xut 0'[11 XOAiJ·

EVil 77:rcOll ara: dEV £XOUV avacpEpElEi 511A ll'[l1 puiosic. Movo aAAzpytX€e; eK511A.roOEle;. Mnopst va 1tpOKaA£OEl1tap051KO J3PoyXOO1taoIJ,O xm EPEEllOIlO roo cpapuyya. Exet 1tapa'[l1PllE1Ei E1ttOlle; vnurtu, eueroi OE AiJ\(Ill IJ,EyaAll 1tooo'tll'tae;.

0Epa77:Eia: Movo OE AiI\(IllIlEYo.Alle; 1tooo'[l1'[ae; yiVe'[Ul nztouuxpuvon. AyroyiJ YEV1Ko. OUIJ,1t'[rollaHKiJ·

Etvrn avElEAovoOla KO. 1:E 1tEpi1t'[rooll U1tEpOOooAoyiae; rrupn-mpouvrut ~aAll, vnutfn Kat £1l£'[0e;, 51o.PPOla, KOlA1aKoi 1t0- VOl. BpaOuKap5ia, cppoeutsc, KOA1tOKOlAla KOe; a 1tOKAE10 1J,0e;, o1taolJ,oi.

H 8epu1tf:iu stvm OUlJ,n.roIJ,U'tlKtl (unolJ,UKpUvoll XOPtlYllcrll UV8pUKU).

l::OUIlU't Pl1t'to:vT)

Xpnourortotarrm yta .11v 111l1KpUvia.

~ocrE.l(; IJ,EX,P1 16 mg napev.Ep1KcOe; Kat 400 mg uno rou (nourrroc OEV Eix,uv croj3upu EnuKoAou8a. LE Atll.jfll lJ,eyuArov OOcrEroy npE1te1 0 ucr8EviJe; vu 1tUPUKOAOu8El"tat. LuviJ8roe; nupu.llPOUv.at uicr811lJ,a 8EplJ,o.11.ae;, uucuructccnc, nls011e; KUl crqn~{lJ,a.oe; crE oluqlOpa IJ,EPll roo crrolJ,u'toe;. ZUAll, Epu8po'tll'ta rrpoccorrou, vucr'tUYIlOe;, unep'tucrll.

@epaJrda: crulJ,n.roIlU'tlKtl.

AV'tlKu'ta8Al1t'tlKO os OOcrll 20 mgvnusp«. Exouv nupa'tllP118ei nepl1t'tcOcrete; unEpoocroAoyiue; KUt 8UVU't0l us IJ,EYUAEe; 1tOcrO'tll'tEe; (1800-3000 mg).

LVj..tJrTroj.LaTa: AVllcrux,ia, EIlE'tOe;, vcortn, crnucrlJ,oi, .axuKupoia. unep'tacrll.

@epaJre(a: Axounxpuvon rou qlUPIlUKOU, X,OPtlY11crll uv8puKU Kat Ku8up'tlKOU, crulJ,n'troJ..LU'ttKtl ayroyt\. Avtiooro oev unupXf:t, svco OEV qlUiVE'tat VU unooiOEt 11 npoKAll'ttl OlOUPllcrll KUt 11 UtlloKu8apcrll.

EV'tl'rpovO:'tT)

~EV tXOUV uVUqlep8Ei 1tEpl1t'trocrete; u1tepcSocroAoyiac;. I118uVtl qluive'tat 11 eJ..LQ>UVlO11 unucrj3Ecr'tta1Iliue;. Avnusrcomon IlE YAUKOVtKO Ucrj3Ecr'ttO evcSoQ>AEj3iroe;.

KEq)(i).uto 3

L\HrMATA t»IL\IUN

Apxsrot 8UVU'tOl cnusuovovrm Ku8E x,povo o ' OAO 'tOY KOouo urto OtlYlJ,u'tu qltOtcOV Kupiroe; crru; 'tp07tlKEe; x,ropee;.

L'tllV Eupffinll 01 8uvu'tOt EivU1 rraptopto IlEVOl.

L'tllV EAAuoa unupxouv nuvro uno 20 €ioll ql10tcOV rtou uvnKOUV cs 4 OlKOyEVE1Ee;. Arro ru nupunuvro 011All'tllP1rooll €iVUt 'tU ei0ll 'tlle; 0x,10.e; (Viperidae). L'tO x,cOpo 'tlle; EAAUOOe; unupxouv S tioll 0x,1(1e;.

1) Vipera arnmodytes. D)VUV'to.'tUl o ' OAll 'tll Xffipu.

2) Viper a Xanthina. Luvav'tu'tat o ru ava'toA1Ku vnoio Kat o rov ·Ej3po.

3) Viper a Lebetina. Anuvrri IlOVO o rn vrico M1\AO. Etvm npocr'tu'tEUOIlEVO EiOoe; yta vn IJ,11V e~uqluvtcr'tei. Krvouvauet ano rou; smo-rriuove ; rrou 'tll XPllcrtlJ,OnOlOUV yta IJ,EM'tll. L'tll j30peta KUpiroe; EAAUOU EXOUV uvuqlep8ei ouo U KOIlU dOll.

4) Vipera berus Kat

5) Vipera Ursini

H uvuyvroptcrll av 'to qli01 €iVat 011All'tllPtcOOee; tl 1J,11 etVatnOAU OUcrKOAO Y1' curo xm r; 1l0PqlOAOYtKtl nep1ypuqltl oev 8u rrpoce- 8e'te nOAAo..

Ta npro'tu cStlYlJ,u'tu rorv qltOtrov upx,i~ouv 'tllV 6.V01~T\ IlE'tu 'tTl x,ellJ,epia vdpxn KUt 'tllV enox" uu't" 'to 011AT\'ttlPtO stvm rno emKivcSuvo. To nUlcStU KtVcSUveuouv neplcrcro'tEPO uno rooc svnAiKOUC;. Mere 'to npro'to cStlYIlU X,PE1U~0V'tUl lleplKEC; ropEe; ytU vn napux,8Ei YEO OTlATl1'"pW. 011tUPU1to.vro nupuyoV1'Ee; Ku8opi~ouv KU1'tll j3upu1'T\.u rcov eKcST\Arocreffiv os Ku8E o"YlJ,u Q>tcSwu.

Ku8e Xpovo cr1'Tl xropu Ilae; crulJ,j3uivouv UPKUU cStlYlJ,u1'u uno Q>icStu totai'tepu o rouc Ku1'oiKOUe; 1'Tle; unui8pou. I10AAU xposo-

132 • AT]A;rrrTjpulocH;, an6 ~ooa

xov'rat an6 J.LT] OTjA,T]TTjPU:bOT] <piota, 'Yl' uuro Kat ot ooj3apee;, n€pmTcOOcle;, OEV €ivat napa nOA,A,Ee;,.

, H 0'l)y8€OT] TOD. OT]A,T]TT]pioD Jt€P1AaJ.Lj3aV€1 nOA,A,te;, oDoiEe;" oxox; npco'r€lV€<;, JtoA,uJt€n'riola, Ota<popa ev~uJ.La K01 cvoovovc O"[,OlXEia. 01 OpaO€t<; rroo UOKci TO OTjA,T]"['TJplO EiV01 vsupo tociK8<;, Kunupo"['o1;tKE<; (cpu8pa ciuococtpic) Kat JtPOKUA,e1 Ota"['upaXEC; O"['T]V nT]K1"1K6'rT]"CU TOU uiJ.Lu'roC;.

Tcraxti

TT]v oopu 'rOD OTJ'YJ.La'ro<; K01 0'r0 OT]J.Lcio uurou ro 8UJ.LU at- 08uVc'rut loxup6 rrovo. LU'YXp6vcoC; cJ.L(lJUVl~€'r01 oiOT]l-lU OKA,Tjpo, J.L€ (lJUOUA,A,iOE<; Kat €KXUJ.LCOOTj KOV"[,O: 0'r0 OT]J.LEio 'rOU OTJ'Yuuroc, H EV'rUOT] KUt EK"['UOTj 'rCOV 'romKOOV <patV0J.LEVUlV €1;up"['aTUt an6 "['0 clOOC; "['OU <ptOlOU Kat 'W OT]J.L€io rou oTJ'Yl-la"['oc;. TIOA,At<; (lJOPE<; Ta 'romKu eurvousvc €lVUl nmu Kat nsptoptousvu. 'AA,A,E<; (lJope<; stvm svrove Kat O'rU napunaVCO Jtpoo"['i8c'rat Oto'YKCOOT] 6A,oU TOU J.LeA,ou<; J.Lc €KXUJ.LooOEt<; KUTU 'r6JtOD<;, A,cll(IJU'Y'Y€ti"[,lOU KUt A,cl-l(IJaoEvi1"1ou. AJt6 on'Yl-lU O'rOV UK po n60a urcopci va JtapouOla08€i oioT]J.La l-lEXpt 'r0 pl~OJ.LnplO.

AvaA,o'Yu J.Lc "['T] j3upthT]'ra 'rT]<; OT]A,T]'rT]piuoT]<; usr« un6 A,{'Ya A,cJt'ra ECO<; J.LEptKE<; cops«; stvrn Suvcerov va euccvio-roov vsviKU ODl-lJt"['cOJ.LU'ru 01tCOC; Kc(IJuA,uA,'Yiu, ~UA,Tj, vuurtc., susroi, c(IJtOPCOOT] , xups toc, 'raxuKupoiu, 1t'rooOT] 'rT]<; JticOT]<; Kat OUJ.L1t'rOOl-lUTU collapsus. L1tuvico<; eXEt 1tUpuTT]pT]8ci o1;€ia VC(IJplKn nvs- 1tUpKEta l-l€ ovoopt«. E1tioT]e;, ozrrivtn eXct 1t€Pwpa(IJci rnuoppn'Yiu OcpJ.LanKTJ (o-ro cnusio TOU Otl'Yl.!-aTo<;) n U1tO TO rrsrcruco OU<HT]J.LU.

Axo l-lclv€'rT] TOU Ksvcpou ATjA,T]TT]ptaOcUlV OC 68 JtcPtnTcOO€t<; OT]'Yl-la'rcov <ptOlWV JtPOKU1tTct 0'r1 T] ouxvorrrr« TCOV ouurrrcol-l(l"t"COV nrov: TOTnKa; oioT]l-lu 690/0, zrovoc 40%, cPU8pOTT]'ra 20%, cKXDJ.LcOO€te;, 8%. Tevuca: EJ.LcTOC; 17%, DJtO'rUOT] 100/0, A,CUKOKU'r- 1"aPCOOT] 10%, OtUTUpaXEe;, Jttl~T]e; 4%.

EpyaarTJPWKa euptuuxt a

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To a'rOJ.LO 1tpeJt€t va ustvst TJP€l-lO Kat aKivT]TO 000 stvcn Sovo.ro. To l-lEA,O<; 1tOU OEX8T]Kc TO on'YJ.LU (1t60t tl Xept) Jtpe1t€l vc ustvst 'rcA,cicoC; a KivT]TO 'Yta 'rT]V 1tUpEJ.L 1t60toT] TU xeia<; uxoopo(lJT]OT]<; 'rOD OTjA,T]'rT]piou. T01tlKcO<; 0"[,0 'rpaUl-la ODVtOTO:'rat KUA,6<; Ku8uptOJ.L6C; J.Lc OU1tOUV1 Kat vspo. TIPOT]'YOUJ.LEVUl<; U(lJ01pOUV'rat OUK'rUA,iOta n j3paxtOA,tu av U1tO:PXODV. XOPT]'Y€iTat uvrvreruvtK6<; opoc; OE (X-rOl-lU JtOU O€V eXouv €V€P'YTj1"1KTJ UVOOO1toiT]OT] 'YtU TOV 're'ruvo. M€PtKOi OU'Y'YPU(lJcie; ODVt01"OUV TT] XOPtl'YT]OT] rrvttj3lO1"lKWV cJtctOtl 'rU 06vna TUlV (lJtOtooV stvrn c01"la uucpofstcov.

'EXODV c(IJUPl-l008ei Ka1"a KatPOUC; Ota(IJOPOl rporrot JtOU UJtOOK01tOUV 01"T]V 1tupcl-lJt60tOT] 1"T]<; UJtopp6(IJTjOT]<; 1"OD OT]AT]TT]piou. Fie TO OK01t6 uur o XPT]O'tl-l01tottl8T]KUV 1tOA,A,EC; J.LE800ot, 6JtUle;, Jt€pio€oT] 'rOU l-lEAOD<;, £(lJapl-lo'Ytl 'romKcOC; \jfDXPWV c7tt8cJ.La1"UlV

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XoPit"fl1O"l1 UVtlO(jnKOU opoo

o uvnooucor; opoc; 1tOU KUKA.OqJOpEi OTllY EA.A.aou EiYUl8'C8- p6A.oyo<; (i1t1t81O<;) KUl 1t8PlBXEl aynoroj.laTU Yla 'CU EiOll qJlOlWY 1tOU U1tUYTOUY OTllY EA.A.aou (8XlOY08tOtl). E1t8tOtl U1tapX81 TO EYOEX61!EYO vn 1tpOKA.lleOUy ool3upa; UA.A.8PYlKB<; UynOpaOE1<; OTOY op6 08Y XOP11Y8i'"CUl opor; 08 Kae8 OtlYj.la qJlOlOU, aA.Aa OE 60E; 1tEpl1tTro081<; U1tapxOUY 01 0X8TlKS<; EyoBi~81<; 7tOU ElYUt:

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13) r8Y1KU OUI!7tTroI!U'CU, 67tcoe; Sj.l8TOl, 7tTrooll 'Cll<; 7tt8011<;, atllOppuyiBe;, OWTUPUXS<; T11<; 7t11KnK6TllTa<;.

Etvnt 0l1JlUYHK6 vo ToYtoeBi on 08Y U7tUPX8t XPOY1KO opio yta Tll XOP11Ylloll 'COU opoii. H xoP1']Yll011 yiY8TUl o ruv U7tUP~OUY Ol8yoBi~81<; Kat xcopi<; YU I!ElWYETat 11 a7t0'C8A.80I!UTlK6'CllTa rou.

o opoc XOPllyBiTat EYOOqJA8j3ico<; oTayo11Y OE 7tOOOTllTU 2-6 qJuoiyycoy, UyaAoya 1!8 Tl1l3upUTllTU Tll~ KUTcioTaoll<;, uqJou ovcI!tx6Bi 1!8 7t8YTU7tAuota 7t006Tll'CU icorovoo OtaAUj.lu'Co<; XAroptOUXou YUTplOU. H 06011 stvut iOta ytu OA8<; n<; llA.tKi8~.

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XOP11Yll011<;. Evis-cut 0,1 ml opou unooopuoz; Kat scv 1!8TU 15 1..8- 7tTU 08Y 81!qJaYl088i uYTiopaOll, XOPllYEhal 0,25 ml u7tooopiooe;. Edv 1!8Ta 15 A.87tTU 08Y 81!qJuvt068i UYTiopUOll XOPllY8hUl TO U1t6- A.Ol1tO Tlle; 00011e;.

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H OUI!7tTCOj.lUT1Ktl uycoytl SX81 7tOA.U 1!8yaA.ll cnucotc, 6nco<; OE Ka8E 011 1..11 Tll pia 011 Kat 7tEplA.aj.lj3aYEl TllY 7tapuKOA.ou6n0ll Kat U7tOO'CtlPl~l1 uvrmvonc, KUKA.oqJopia<; (UPTllPWKtl 1tiEOll) tl 0.1..- 1..11; OtUTUpaxiJ<;.

Tin TOY 7t6YO XOPllyoUYTUl 7tuuoi7toya.

NyrMOI ENTOMnN

Ta eYTOI!U uUTa 8XOUY 01'0 7tioco expo TOU oWl!uT6<; TOUe; KEYTpi, 01'0 oxoto EKj3aA.A.OUY 101301..01 U88Y8<; Kat 81'01 us TO YUYl!6 8tOaY8'Cat OTO OWI!U TOU eUI!UTO<; TO 0l1A.llT11Pt6 TOU<;.

Y7tUPX81 OtaqJopa OTO KEYTpi Tll<; oCPtlKa<; Kat TOU OEPOEYYlOU a7t6 T11<; j.lBA.100U<;. LTU 1tPWTU sivm A.Eio, EYro Tll<; j.lSAtOoae; 8XEl TP1Xiotu ue KUT8U8uYOll rtpor; Ta 7tiooo. 'OTaY 11 j.lSA.Wcu K8VTpiOEt TO OSpj.la TOU uy6pronou OEY urropsi YU j3yaA.8t TO xsvrpt Kat STat 1tUPUj.lEY8t 61..0 TO opyovo I!u~i 1!8 Ta 07tA.UXYU TOU 8VT61!0U us U1tOT8A.80I!U TO 6UYaT6 TOU. To eUl!u ouo»; 8~aKOA.OUe8t YU 1taipY8t 011AllTtlPlO acpou OAO TO OPyUYO xupnusvst OTO OEpj.lU. To Ol1A.llTtlplO TCOY svroueov UUTWY a1tOT8A.BiTat u7t6 1tOAA.8; ouctsc; 61tco<; cutvsc, 7tE7tTiOta Kat EY~UI!U.

To 1I l K: a:

L8 UTOI!U 1tOU OEY EXOUY 8tOtKtl8uut08110iu OTO 0111!Bio TOU vovuou npoKuA.BiTat 7t()YOe;, 8A.UCPPO oiOlll!U, 8pu6p6TllTU Kat

ouv'li.9co~ KVTj0I10~. H OAT) av'tiopaoTj OtapKEi ano 1 ECO~ I1EptKE~ WpE~. To oioTjl1a 7toAM~ <pope~ OlUPKEi eva 'Ii. 7tEpwoo'tEpa 24copa. Av 0 vUY)lO~-yiVEtOE nEplOXE~ us xaAapo to to (onco~ I3AE<papa, YEVVT)'ttKU opvuvu}, 'to'tE 'to oioT))la stvm nOAu EK'tEruuevo. Lnuvta 'to EV'tO)lO urcopst va )l1tEi crro o-rouc rrrivco OE \jICOlli'li. <paYT)'to Kat va KEY'tpiOEt TO o-rouu 'Ii. 'to <pupuyya, 07tO'tE 'to aVa1tTUOOO)lEVO oioT)l1a urcopst va stvm E1tlKivouvo, AOYCO ano<ppa~T)<; TCOV uspoooprov OOcOv. LE U'tOlla cuat09T)'ta Il7tOPEf va npOKATj9Ei EV'tOVT) 'tontKtl aAAEPytKtl av'tiopaoTj JlE oioTjJla sxrsruusvo Kat <pAEY)lOVTl.

A v a tp v A a K -r 1 K t c; a v -r lOp ci 0 e 1 c;:

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TO~lKii avriootum

LUJll3aivEt orcv unapxouv vovuot uno 1tOAAU svrou«. H 00- l3apo'tTl'ta 'tT);:; Ka'tuoTaOT)<; E~Up'tri:tut uno 'tOY apt91l0 reov vovucov. 'EXEt uva<pEp9Ei 9a.va't0~ IlE AtYoTEpa U1tO 500, svoi E1tt~T)OE a'tollo IlE nuvco ana 1000. Tldvoi U1tO 30 VUYIlO{ urropst va stvrn E7ttKtVOUVOt. To. 'tol;tKa oruvouevo auvtl9co~ EKOllAWVOV'tat IlE YEVtKEUIlEVO otonuu, u7tvT)Aia, 1tUPE'tO, At7t09uJliu, 07tUo uooc, U1to'tUOT) tl VE<pptKtl uVEna.pKElU.

A v-r{opaa11 n5nov opovooiac

Aurn uxopst va aU)ll3ci 10-15 11llepE;:; IlE'ta Kat EKOT)AWVE'tat JlE 1tUPETO, KE<paAUA yia, up9paA yiB;:;, OtOYKCOOT) AEIl<PuMvcov.

@epane{a

Env 'to xsvrpt E)lEtvE 0't0 OEp)la 7tpbtEt va a<patpE9Et 'to rnXU'tEPO, Yta'ti IlE 'ti~ uutouursc ouonaaEl<:; roo oaKOU EKXUVE'tat OTjATj't'li.PlO OUVEXcO;:; o rov opvuviouo. H a<patpEall OEV rtpe- 1tEt va yiVEt us 'tT)V 1tiEOT) rcov oaK'tuAcov, Yta'ti ro'rs 1tEptaao'tEpo OTjAT)'ttlPlO 90. Etoax9Ei o ro otPlla, aAAu us svu KO<p'tEPO uvrucstusvo (UKpO )laXatptoiou tl nxouu IlE 'to VUXt). Kuromv 'to onusto KaSapi~ETat IlE uvnorprruco OlaAU)la. Tormcdx; ouvio-rcov'tat \V'UXPu E1tlSE)la'ta (7tayo<;) yta rnv EAa't'tcoOTj roo OtOtl)la'to<:; Kat 'tOU rrovoo Kat 'tT)V E7ttl3puouvall 'tT)<; a7t0pp0<pTlOll;:; roo OTlAT)'tllpiou. H T01tlKtl E<pap)loytl «vruo-ruuivucccv tl KOp'tl~OVOUxcov aAol<pwv OEV ouiverm va 7tPOO<pBPEl cnunvmcu, uxopst O)lCO~ va XPllOl)101tOlllSouv. 1£ EV'tOY11 T07ttKTl av'tiopaoT) ue E~av- 9T))la Kat KVTjO)lO ouvtorcrvrm nvruo ruuivucd ana 'to o-rouu tl 1tapEV'tEplKW<; tl KOp'ttKOO'tEPOEtOtl. LE YEVtKWIlEY11 ool3ap'li. av'tiopaoll 'to <pup)laKO EKAoytl~ stvm Tj aopEvaA1Y11 u1tooopico;:; OE ooaT) 0,3-0,5 rng vtu EY11AiKOU<:; Kat 0,01 mg/kg vtn 1tatOta. H OOOTI au't'li. uxoost va E1tUVaAU)ll3aVE'tat KaSE 20-30'. IIapaAAllAa xoPTlyouv'tai KOp'ttKOO'tEPOEtO'li. Kat cvruo-ruutvucd 1tapEv'tEptKcO~. LE l3apli~ KaTao'taOEt~ avaAoya IlE 'tt<; avaYKE<:; XOpllYEt'tat ol;uyovo Kat Ota'tT)pEi'tat 11 ap'tllptuKtl 7tlEOll. LE nEpin'tcooTl 'tol;tK'Ii.;:; opaoT)~ a7to 7tOAAU7tAOU<; VUYIlOU<; 11 uycoyf[ stvut oourrrco)lU'ttK'Ii. KUt U1too'tllPtK'tlK'Ii.. LE 7tEpt1t'tWOEt<:; IlE O\V'tIlTj uv'tiopu- 011 'tU7tOU opovootut; ouvto'ta'tat 11 xoP'li.YT)all yta )lEPtKE~ T)IlBPE~ uvruo'ruuwuccov it KOP'tt~OO'tEPOEtOWV tOtai'tEpu sdv urtri.pXEt KVTlOj..tO~ tl E;av9T)lla.

npOcpVAa~ 11 - Aneoaioemonois; UTI

To. aTolla 7tOU ;EPOUV o rt stvm wui0911'ta o rouc VUYIlOU~ 'tCOV EVTOIlCOV 90. 1tpSnEt va naipvouv EtOtKa 7tpO<PUAUK'ttKU uerpo Kat va U1tO<pEUYOUV 'to. uspn 01tOU urcopet va EK'tESOUV o ru eVTOIlU UU'tU.

A1tO 7tOAAOU~ ouyypacpEi;:; ouvio-ru'rrn 'to. a'tO)la aU'ta va BXOUV )la~i TOU~ 'to. U1tupui'tT)'tu <pap)laKU Kat xupto»; uopEvaAiY11 Kat va EXOUV EK1tatOEU'tEi roaTE VU 'tTl XPllOtj..t07tOliloouv O'tUV

1tapacHsi avuYKll. Axouu ouvto rouv 'r(l a'rOJla (lu'ra V(l q>apouv etCtKo j3paX:tOA.t 1tOU vo (lV(lypaq>et 1'l1V wm0'81l0'ia 'r0u(; O'1'a sv- 1'OJla, wO''r-e 0'8 rcepirc'rffiO'l1 vUYJlOU xnt j3apta~ av't'tcpaClew~ va yvWpit;,8t 1'0 rceptl3aA.A.ov 't't 8a rcp€rcet vn rcpa~8t.

Ftverut rcpoClrcu8eta arceuatCl811'rorcoillClll ~ rcov wat0'8111'wv «rouoiv, 1'8A.€u'raiw~ llaA.tO'1'(l J.-L8 ovrwovo (l1t0 1'0 CllA.ll1'tlPto J.-LOVO tl a1to OA.OKA.llPO 'to O'wJla roo svrouou, J.-L8 KaA.U (l1t01'8A.€ouu ru.

I:.KOPIIIOI:.

:E1'l1V EA.A.ac(l q>aiv8'tat vu e1C1Kp(l1'oUV ouo 8iOll ClKOp1ttOU, o WPOO1t(ltKO~ xut 0 ~av8oKepKo~.

Ku-rd K(lVOVa 1tPOK(lA.ODv1'at 't01ttKU O'UJ.-L1t1'WJ.-L(l't(l Kat O'1tavta yevIKWJ.-L€V8~ (lv1'tcpaO'et~ 1'OUA.aXIO''tOV (l1tO 'tllV 8J.-L1t81pi(l Ila~ 0'1'0 Kavrpo AllA.ll1'l1ptuCleoov. AJ.-L€O'w~ Jle'tu 'to vUYllorcpoKaA.eirrn €v1'ovo>; xuuo'rucoc 1tOVO~, rtou urropst K(11 V(l (l1tA.w8ei 0" OA.O 1'0 IlEA.O~ (xept tl1tOC1). Tic; xsptccorspec q>ope~ 0 1tOVO~ Ot(lPKel 1l8PIK€~ Wp8~ lleXPl 24 xm U1t0XOOP8i.

EK'tO~ (lrco rov 1tOVO axel (lvaq>8p88i 't01C1KO 8A.aq>po O'UVtl- 8oo~ oiOllJ.-La. :Ee yevIKWJ.-LEVe~ (lv1'10pa0'8t~ (lV(lq>€poV'tat cvnouXi(l, oaKpUppOl(l, O'l£A.OppOla,EIlE1'o~. :Ee 1tOA.U a1tUVl£~ rcEPl1t1'W- 0'8t>; IlU1KE~ auarcU0'81~ Kat omvouev« collapsus.

(9spansia

T01C1Ko~ K(l8(lptO'J.-Lo>;. K(l'ta 1'ou 1tOVOU 1t(luO't1tOV(l (oXt uopotvn). Av 81lq>(lVI0'80uv yeV1.KU q>mvolleva, cuuxrcourrnKtl (lyooytl. H 't01C1KTt 01.Tt8110'11 118 ~uA.oK(livTJ q>(livE'tat va j3011- 8aEt.

EIOtKO~ opor; Yt(l 1'0 o xopmo OEV u1taPXEt ours q>(live1'at va XPElat;,E1'm, evw unapxel O'E 'tp01t1KE~ xwpe~ 01tOU at O'KOP1C10i stvm E1C1KivoUVOl.

APAXNEI:.

Y1tapxOUV 1toA.A.a EtOll (lpaxVIl~, 8eooPll't'tKa 0A.(l 011A.ll1'llPtW-

011. EA.uXtO''t(l OJ.-LOO~ €XOUV 1'11 ouva1'o1'l1'ta vn «svscoov» J.-LE 1'0 OTtYJla 'tou~ 'to 01lA.ll'tnptO o rcv (lv8pw1ttvO opvovtouo. Arro 't't~ (lpuxve~ rcou urcuPXouv O'1'l1v EA.A.aoa, o rnv 1tPU~l1 JlOVO 'ta y€vn Latrodectus Kat Doxoscelles unopsi va 1tpOKaA.EClOUV 't01ttKa Kat Y8VtKa O'UIl1t1'WJ.-La'ta, xupto»; 0 A.a8pootlK1'11~, yvooO'1'O~ Kat ocv «umipn xnpa».

LV!l1rTwt-taTa: Doxoscelles: 2-8 WPE~ IlE'rU 'r0 CnYlla 1'01ttKtl epu8po1'11~, oiOlllla, KVllO'JlO~. H OepJ.-La'rlKn l3A.aj311 uxopsf vc nsPlI3UA.A.8'tat arc6 A.WKOO1tn aA.W Kat va OCllY118si os aXllJla'ttO'llo eO'xapa~ Kat VEKPWO'l1. H ercoUA.ooO'l1 elVatl3paOEta K(11 O'UXVU (lWIlvEt uoviun OUA.i1 iI XllA.OelM~. I:1tavta 't(l 'rom KU aUIl1t'twlla'ra aKoA.ou80uv1'at 24-72 WP8>; 1l81'U arco yevIK€UJ.-LEVE~ 8KOllA.wO'el~: 1tupe'to~ IlE piYll, KaKOUxi(l, vuurtn, eusrot, IlU(lA.yie~, ap8p(lA.yie~, O'1taO'J.-Loi, claxu1'l1 EvcaYY81aKtlrctl~11 xut (11J.-LOA.UO'l1 IlE 1'a avaA.oya epyaO'1'l1ptaKa euoriucrc.

Latrodectus: 10-20 A.e1t'tu JlE1'U 'r0 OtlYIlCl ursopst va suouvta8ei UA.yo~ o rouc auO''tatXOU~ A.EIlq>(lO€Ve~, 't01ttKW>; spoaporn- 1'a Kat xuovcoon. AKOA.ou8ei vsvtxsuon 1'wv O'Ullrc'rOOJ.-LU1'oov JlE aA.yo~ 0'1'0 8wpaKa, O'1'l1v KOlA.ia Kat O''t(l KU'tOO UKpa. H EV'rOVll O'DO'1taO'l1 rcov J.-LUWV rtou O'UXvu auvU1tUPXel J.-LE 1't~ J.-LuaA.yie~ Kat n~ ap8paA.ytE~ un.opsi va oOl1Ytlael cxouu Kat cs eO'q>(lA.J.-LEVll OtUYVWO'l1 o~Ei(l~ xetpoupytKtl~ KotA.{a~, tlllllvtyyi'ttO(l(;, A.6yw 1'wv 1tOVWV c rov aUX€V(l.

I:uxvu 1t(lp(l'rllpel'tat €V'tovll aVllO'uxia, O'1tuvta oA.tYoupia.

Eq>1.0pwO'el~, oaKpl5ppOl(l, O'tEA.OPPOt(l, al5~l1O'l1 I3poYX1Kwv eKxpioscov 1tapa1'l1Pouv1'(11 O'uxva, EVW O'XEOOV 1tuv1'a U1tapXEt u1t€p'taall·

Ta 8pyaa'rTJptaKa wPTtIl(l'ta rcepIA.aJll3avouv A.€UKWJla1'oupia, (lU~l1O'TJ CPK, A.€UKoKu't"rapwO'TJ, unepyA.UKatllia.

Ta O'uJ.-L1t'twlla1'a urcoxwpouv lle1'u A.iYE>; uspsc, aA.A.a TJ (lOUvcuto , 01 lluaA.yiE~ Kat 11 KaKouxia uxopst vu e1C1IlEVOUV Yt(l apKE1'E~ el3colluce>;.

espans{a: Tonucn (lv1'lO'TJ\jfia, (lvnl3twO'l1 o nc; nep11t'tWO'Et~

rrou U1tap'XEt epof)oe; YW E1tl!lOA.UVOEte;. H 'XOpijYlloll I!E80Kupf)u!lOA.lle; UVUKouepi~Et uno ne; ,.wlKee; ouomiOEte;, EVcO U1tO'tEA.EO!lU'ttKo'tEPll epUiVE'tat o n stvo.i n 'XopijYlloll yA.UXOVtXOU aoI3Eo'tiou,

.. ,.- -,,_ .. + +

coou 1!6.A.to'tU 'to aol3Eono (Ca ) EIl1tMKE'tat cro 1l11'XaV10!lO

opao11e; rou 011A.11't11P{OU rcov upu'Xvwv. Xoprrrouvrm 10 ml OLuI.Ullatoe; 10070 I3paMwe; EVOOqJI.El3iwe;. H 'XOPliY11011Il1tOpEi vu E1tUVUI.11qJeEi oa unorpomi tWV IlUUI.Ytrov IlE oUYXPOVTj 1tapUlWI.OUellOTJ tlle; xupOtUKije; I.EHOupyiue;.

~KOAonEN&PA(~APANTAnO&APOY~A)

Luvij8we; U1tO to 0l'JYIlU t11e; ccpcvrunooupococt; npOKUI.OUvtat romxd qJUlVOIlEVU, 01tWe; 1tOVOe;, Epu811IlU, oiOTJIlU KUt KVTJoIlOe;. L1tUvtOtEPU EXOUV UVUqJEpeEi Kat YEV1XU epUtVOIlEVU, 1tOU too»; Il1tOPOUV vc U1t00080uv cs ul.l.Epytxli UVtiOpU011. Ildvrcoc U1tO 't11V EIl1tEtpiu IlUe; 0't0 KEVtpO Ll11I.11'tTJPtUoEWV 1tPOXU1t'tEL on IlOVO t01ttKEe; EK011l.roOEle; 1tupouatal;ov'tut.

espanda: Toxuco Ku8aplOilU IlE UVtlo111t'tlK6, xpijoTJ UVt'11(J'tUIltvtKlie; 1'1 Kopnl;ovouxou Ul.otqJ1'Ie;. Euv U1tapXE1 YEVtKEUIlEV11 UVtiopuall aval.oYll 8EPU1tEiu.

ME&OY~E~ (K. T~OYXTPE~)

LtllV E1taqJil TCOV IlEOOUoroV IlE to orolla 'tOU Uv8pciJ1tOU 011l.ltOUPyOUV'tat (JUXVU 't01ttKte; XUL o1tUV1U YEVtKte; UV'ttOpUOEle;.

LVl-lnrwJ..WTa

01 'tomKEe; uvnopricsu; Ot'0 onusto 1tOU tYtVE 11 E1tUqJ1'I covto ruv'tat cs uioe11IlU xauoou KUt XUPUXt11P10'ttXU UVUqJEPE'tUt cnv vu 1tEPUOE 11I.EKtptKO PEUIlU. KV110j.lOe;, EPUellj.lU KUlllU oooc IlE qJuoul.l.iOEe; Kat oiOllj.lU, EVro oUXVU U1tO'tU1tWVEtUt 0't0 OEp IlU 'to oxijj.lU tOU 't1l1'lIlU'tOe; t11e; IlEOOU(Jae; 1tOU ijp8E cs E1taqJij.

TIol.u (J1tUvta IlE'ta 10-15 I.E1tt'U E!lqJU vil;oVt'at YEvtKEe; UVt10pUoE1e;, 01tWe; Ilulxij UOUVUlliu, EIlE'tOe;, XECPUI.Ul.yiu, IlUtXEe; (JU01tlioE1e;, 80- o1tVOlU, ouippotu Kat ormvioruru oUil1ttWj.la'tu collapsus.

LlllA.ll'tllPtaoEte; a1to ~cOu • 141

@spansia

Av unap'Xouv vnudrtu o-ro OEpj.la uqxnpoovrm I!E A.{yo 'taA.x.

T01ttKa EepUpj.lO~E'tat aA.01epij uv'ttto'tu!ltvtxiI iI xopn(,ovou'Xoe; . kE nEpi1t'tcoo11. YEVtXcOV epatVOj.lEVWV uvaA.oYll aycoYrl (xop-rucoCHEPOEt011, UOPEVUA.{Vll, nvruo tuurvncd).

AHAHTHPU1AH 'I' APIA

Tptn dOll 'tE'totCOV \jIaptcOv epUiVE'tat 6'tt (,ouv o ru; EA.A.llVt- xte; 8aA.aooEe;. Ot o xopmot, at opaxuLVEe; xrn 11 uuputva (cuspvo.). 0a 1tpt1tEt vc o11.j.lEtco8Ei o n ouv118Ete; stvct ot vuyuo] U1tO o xop mouc, toicoe; o rnv roue xu8upi(,ouv ytU j.lUYEtPEUj.lU.

LVl-lnToJf,la'ta

'Evrovo 't01ttXO 6.A.yoe; Kat oio11.I!U TIOU j.l1tOpEi va ETIEK'ta€lEi. k1t6.Vta Ka'taA.Uj.lf)avEt OA.O 'to rixpo Xat EnExuivEtat o tov KOP!lO. MEp1XEe; <.pOpEe; U1tap'Xouv xnt YEVtXa ocwousvc 01tWe; 'tu'Xuxapoia, X U'tuI30A.11 , 1t'tcOO" niEolle;, epatVOIlEVU collapsus.

19spanda

TontX11 Ot11811011. IlE E,uA.oxuiv11.. avuA.y,,'ttx6., uvruo tnutvtxa. kE YEVtXT! uv'tiopao" av6.A.oy11. uycoY11 xnt yA.UXOV1XO uol3to rto EVOOepA.Ef)icoe;.

KSCPUAUlO 4

TENIKA

ApKf:1'U ana 1't<; ::(lAt(i8E<; Et811 {J)I.J1'I:i)v rtou {J)UOV1'(H 01'11 'X,ropu I..lU<; etvm 811All1'T[Pt6>811 yta 1'OV av8pmno EhE oAoKAllpa 1\ OptOJ.l.EVa I..lEPll an' UU1'o., onco<; {J)UAAU, xnprrot, piSEt.;. Ko.9E Xpovo oUI..lJ3aivouv UPKE1'Et.; 811All1'11 ptaOEt<; unAEt.;, OOJ3uPE<; " 8UVU1'11- eopec, 1tOAAEt.; {J)OPE<; l..laAt01'a ano (J)U't'a rtou 9ECOPOUV1'at a9roa. Ot 811All1'l1PtaOE1t.; OUI..lPUtvouv yta otacpopou<; AOYou<; c) Bpcoon Kupnrov" {J)uAAcov 8T[All1'l1PM8rov (J)U1'rov zrou oUYXEoV1'at I..lE aAAU u9rou uno nU181o. " EVT[AtKou<;. P) Ana 1'11 XPTtOll Otu{J)0pcov (J)Unov yta 9EpanEUnKou<; o xortoix; I..lE paoll Au1KEt.; tU1'P1KEt.; rtnpU800E1t.; (mxpnvvooptd). y) Ano 1'11 XP"ol1 {J)U1'rov ytu 1'pocp" rtou, ouox; uzropet vo. npoKaAEoouv 811All1'l1PtaOE1<;, onco<; 1'U I..lUV1- 1'apla.

Ot nEp10001'EPE<; 0111..111'11 p1aOEtt.; uno {J)u1'a UV1'tI..lE1'coniSOV- 1'at I..lE unOO1'l1P1K1'lK" " oUl..ln1'COl..lanK" uycoyfj Kat EAaX101'E<; av- 1'lI..lE1'coniSOv1'at J.l.E E10tK" aycoy", onco<; T[ 811All1'l1piaoT[ I..lE MnEAuv1'ova Kat Mnvdpuvopu. IlupuKa1'co nEPtYpa{J)oV1'a1 oi 011All- 1'T[p1aOEtt.; I..lE optousvu {J)u1'a, AOYCO 1'T[t.; J3upU1'l11'a<; Tt 1'11<; OUxvo- 1'111'0. <; roue.

1:' 01..0 1'OV KOOI..lO EXOUV nEp1ypuCPEt apKE1'E<; XtAlo.8E<; dOll uovrrnptcov KU1 01'11 x6>pa I..lU<; nEpinou 2.000. Ano 1'a d8T[ uU1'a EVU<; J.l.tKPO<; upt9J.1.0<; nEp1EXEt 1'ol;ivE<; E1ClKlvouvE<; ytU 1'OV ovBpmreo Kat npoKaAouv 811All1'l1P1o.aEt<; tiv {J)uyco90uv. E~aAAou, nOAAa uno 1'a Ei811 ucvrrcpuov stvm E8c68tl..la Kat {J)UOlKa o.xfvSuvu yta 1'OV aV9pmno. No 8tEUKPtVI09Ei on rtpoxsvrm yta

~ T[AT[1'T[P1UOE1<; I..lE {J)U1'U • 143

aU't'o{J)UTt uavrrdptn Ka1 OX1 yta 1'U KaAAIEpYOUI..lEVU y1U KU1'avaACOOn, 1'U orrotn KU1'a rexuripio stvrn oAa uKiv8uvu. Ta I..lUV1- 1'ap1U 01'T[ xropu I..lat.; CPU1'provouv KUptCOt.; 1'0 (J)8 tvorr co po , I..lE1'a 1'U 1tPC01'oJ3POXta (NOEJ.l.J3PtO<;-~EKtI..lPplOt.;) KUt AtY01'EPO 1'nV avotI;n (Mdp-noc-Anpfs.ioc). Etvm YVCOO1'O on OE nOAAa J.l.Epn 01 uypo- 1'E<; KUptCO<; OUAAtyOUV 1'a UU1'ocpuT'[ unvvrupuz KUt 1'U xpn011..l0- nolOuv yta 1'po{J)" KU1'o. KUVOVU J.l.UYE1PEJ.l.tVU. 1:UI..lJ3U{VEt usptKt<; cpopt<; I..lUst I..lE 1'U u8roa vo J3pE90uv Kat ucvvrupto I..lE 1'o~iVE<;, On01'E av {J)uyco90uv 9u npoKaAEoouv 811AT[1'l1P1UOE1<;. TE- 1'01E<; 811All1'l1P1aOEtt.; oUI..lJ3aivouv Ka9E XPOVO 01'11 Xropu J.l.ut.; rrou xuuntvovrrn uno 50-100 OUJ.I.{J)covu I..lE 1'a 01'01XEiU 1'OU KEv1'poU ~l1All1'l1ptaOEcov. Axo ru; OnAT[1'l1PtaOEtt.; aU1'E<;, unap'X,ouv KU1 9ava1'ot EU1'UX6><; OE 1..l1KPO upt9J.1.o, EVro OE aAAE<; XroPE<; 1'11<; KEvrpucn ; Eupcortnq, oxoo KU1'avuArovOV1'at nOAAa uuroour] I..lUVt- 1'o.pta oUJ.l.J3uivouv apKE1'oi 96.vu1'ot Ka9E Xp6vo.

Etvrn 1'PUY1KO vo. 0811yd1'at nOAAt<; {J)OPE<; OAOKAllPT[ O1KOYEVEta 01'0 NOOOKOI..lElo Kat KanolO" KUn01U I..lEAll 01'0 9uvu1'0 uno svn YEUJ.l.U J.l.E ucvvrnpic , YEU01'lKO toroc, uAAa 'X,copit.; aAAE<; U~trooEt<;. To 1'paY1K01'EPO etvor 01't 1'U 9ul..lu1'u stvni ouv,,9co<; 1'U nutota, rtou m9uvc6<; EXOUV I..lEYUAU1'EPT[ Euat09110ia O1'a ucvi- 1'aptu Kat I3EJ3aicot.; 81Vat 1'a u9roa 8Ul..lu1'u, u{J)oU1'l1 oUAAOYT'[ unvrrcpubv Ko.VOUV 01 EVTtAtK01.

Ot OnAn1'l1PuiaE1<; uno 1'a uuvrrripm O{J)E1AOV1'at OE 1'O~iVE<; rtou unupxouv OE au1'6.. AvuAoya I..lE 1'0 Ei80<; 1'COV 1'O~tvrov rtpo~EVOUV Kat Ota{J)OPE1'tKOU 1'unOU 811All1'l1Pto.OE1t.; Kat E1'at rteprvpd{J)OV1'at OK1'ro 1'lJ1C01 OT[All1'l1ptaoEmv. MEyaAo Ev8tacptpov EV 1'OU- 1'Ot<; EXEt 0 Xp6vo<; EKoT'[AcoOll<; Kat 1'0 8180<; 1'COV oUl..ln1'coJ.l.u1'cov. ~uo 1'unot 811All1'l1PlUaEcov entvcrm va E1ClKPU1'OUV 01'OV EAAllVtKO Xropo I..lE J3o.OT[ 1'0 'X,povo EVUPl;l1<; 1'COV oUl..ln1'coJ.l.a1'cov.

L1'l1V npro1'l1 KU1'l1yopiu 1'U oUl..ln1'rol..lu1'u uPXisouv Aiyu AEn1'a I..lEXPl 2 roPE<; ano 1'T[ A1'I\IIT[ 1'OU<; Kat KU1" El;oXTtV o{J)EiAOV- 1'al OE I..lUVHaptU 1'OU Ei80u<; Amanita muscaria. ~EV uvuqispsrm v« EXEt ouI..lJ381 9ava1'0<; ana 1'0 Eioo<; nuro. T« oUJ.l.n1'cOl..lu1'u oost-

A.OV'Tat OE 8VTOVO EPE810Jl6 TON I3A.Evvoy6vcov, aA.A.U Kat OE KEVTp1Kn bpaOn Tn~ n:EP1EXOIl8Vn~ uouc xuptvnc Kat UA.A.COV 0001WV KU1 stvm E<picproon, OtEA.6ppOlU, EIlET01, JlUOn, \)1tOTaan. ()pacOKapb{ci,- co. Kp0pp01a. I3poYX60n: 0.0 110<;.

1:Tn bEthEpn xrrrnvopto; TO. OOJln:TwllaTa EKbnA.WVOVTUl xu- 800TEpnJlEVa an:o 8-16 WPE~ Ka1 JlEP1KE~ <pops<; 24 WPE<; IlETU Tn A.n\jfn r ouc; Kat oq>EiA.oVTat OE 0IlUba JlUV1TUPUDV JlE KUP10 EKn:p60con:0 TO EibO~ Falloides. Ot b11A.n'Tnp1UOEl~ U1t6 'TO 81bO<; 0.0- 'T6 stvct OOI3UPE~, u<pou n 8vnOlJlO'Tn'TU 'TOO~ <p8UVEl 'TO 501170, Ibiro~ oruv 0n:UPXE1 l3A.ul311 'TOO iln:a'To~ n 'TCOV VEq>pWV. To. uuvrrdpiu 'T11<; OJlUbU<; U\)'Ttl~ bEV EXOOV bOOUpEO'Tn yEUOn, 11 bE n:EPIEK'TlK6'T11'T6. 'TO\)<; OE 'TOe,iVEC; stvui 'TET01a, WO'TE Kat JlOVO EVU unvi'TUPIIlE'TPlOO JlEYE800C; uzropet vu EiVUl 8uVU'T11q>6po yw EVnA.IKO U'TOIlO uq>ou m:ptEXE1 5-8 mg 'Toe,wwv.

Lluo Ka'T11yopiE<; 'TOe,lVWV U1tUPXOOV O'W llavt'TUpta 'T11~ OJlUba<; UO'Tit<;, 01 aJlU'Toe,fVE<; Kat Ot q>UA.A.OToe,iVEC,. 1:'T11V n:PW'T11 KU'T11yopiu UVilKOOV 9 'TOe,iVEC; IlE'TUe,U TroV oxotcov ot 4 uuuvrrtvst; (u-I3-Y-E). Ei val an:6 nc; 'TOe, 1 K6'TEPEC; yvroO'TS<; OOOiEC; Kat 0,1 mg/kg 8EroPEl'Tat 8avu'Tnq>opoC; c6011 Yla EvilA.tKO 6.'TOJlo. 1:'Tn bEU'TEp11 Ka'T11yopia 'TCOV 'Toe,tVWV cvrncouv Ot q>UA.A.O'TOe,iVE<; 1t00 rcePIA.UJ.ll3uvoov 7 ouotsc IlE'Tue,u 'TCOV oxotcov q>o.A.A.01V11 Kat q>uA.A.OElbiVTl· 01 q>aA.A.O'Toe,iVE<; OEV q>UiVE'Tat va 0n:E10SPXOV'Tat OTU ool3upu OOJl1tTWJla'Ta 'T11<; bnA.11'T11piu011~. ITl8uvw~ Ell8uvov'Tat ylU 'To. oOIln:'TWllo.Ta an:6 'TO 1tE1t'TiKO OUO'T11IlU.

LVf.l7rTcDf.l ara

H KA.IV1Kn sucovc 'T11<; b11A.11'T11piu011C, UKOA.008Ei 'tpiu o'tubla. 1:'t0 n:pW'TO EIlq>avi~oVTat YUO'tPEV'TEptKU ornvousvu StupKEla~ 1-2 nueperv, O'TO onoto urropef va 00111381 bta'TUpuxit oypwv Kat nA.EK'TpOA.O'tWV. AKOA.008ef 'to bEU'TEPO 0'TUbl0, 0't0 oxoto 01tUPXEt I3Ehicoon n:UPOCIKit 00v,,8coc;, A.oyro T11~ Eq>apJlo~OIlEV11<; uycoy,,<; JlE uyp6. xut nA.EK'tpOA.UTE~ Kat blUPKEi 1-2 nJlEpEC;. AKOA.ou8Ei 'TO rptro O'tU01O, KUTU 'TO on:oio EJlq>avi~ov'tat 0011- 1t'TWJlu'tu (m6 13A.6.()11 'too tln:a'toc;, TCOV VE<PPWV Kat 'tOU KEV'TPlKOU VEOPIKOU OUO't"JlU'tOC; it 'tOU uuoxupcfou, b11A.UOit {K'tEPO<;, nvouptu, CIEYEP011 il KWJla, 10XatJliu 'TOO uuoxupotou. ITOA.A.EC;

LlnA.nTnp1UOE1C; JlE q>OTU • 145

q>Op8<; 01'0 bEUTE:PO OTUb1O, A.Oyco rnt; I3EA.Ticoon<; u rcopst va rtupU1tA.UVn8Ei 0 ytUTP0C" OT1 bEV rrpoxsrrm Yla CnA.nTnpiuon U1tO uuvrrnpin UA.A.U YIU o.n:A." YUOTPEVtEpiT1CU.

EpyaOT1)pWKa eootuurt«

ITUPUKOA.OU8non nA.EKTpOA.O'tWv, xosrrrwtvr«; Kat yA.OKO~n<; (OOXVU xnprrrnoetrrn Un:OyA.UKUlJliu). H uu~non 'tCOV 'tPUVOUlltVUOWV Kat Tn<; XoA.Ep08pivn<; 'TOO opou sfvrn 011tpOnEC; EVbEi~El~ n1tUT1K"~ ()A.ul3l1~. 01 UIlUToe,iVE<; Jl1tOPOUV va n:POOblOPIOTOUV OTU 131OA.oY1K6. uyp6. (opo, oupc) EhE IlE PUClOUVOOOA.0YIKit JlE- 80bO " J.lE XPOOJlaToypaq>tU u\jfllA.it<; n:180Eoo<;.

eepa7rsia

H 8EPUn:Eiu TnC; C11A.11T11P{Uon<; IlE uuvrrripi« Eivatn:oA.u bUOKoA.11 Kat 'TOU'tO ytU'T1 CEV Ka'Top8w811KE vo: ()pE8ei E1CU(6 uvtiOOTO Yla nc; Toe,ivE<; TCOV JlaVt'TapIWV.

Fie TOV TU1tO MOUOKupta 11 XP"011 T11C; U'Tpon:ivl1C; bivE11KUV01t01n'TtK6. a1tOTEA.EOIlUTa.

I'm TOV TUn:O Falloides n ()pUbUTn'ta OT11V EKbnA.CO011 TCOV OOJln:TooIlUTCOV uq>atpEi Tn bovaTOT11Ta vu yiVEt On:OWb"n:OTE rtpo- 0n:u8Ela Yla T11V Un:OJlUKpOVOn rcov IlUVLTUPU:.I)v nrro TOV opvnviouo n:PIV un:oppOq>n80uv 01 'TOe,iVE<;. H OUJln:TCOllunK" ayroy" stvm 11 l3uo11 Tn<; 8Epum::UTIKil~ n:POOn:U8EWC,. I'm Tl1 b1aKon:it TOU EV'TEp011n:aTiKOU KUKA.OO cuvio rdrrn 11 OUVExit<; yaoTpobrobEKUbUKTOA.IK" uvuppoq>no11 Kat 11 xoptlY1lon 6.V8PUKU. I'tvsTUI pli8llt011 reov oypwv, nA.EKTpOA.O'TWV Kat T11~ oe,Eo()umK"C; tcoppomuc, 10mhEpu O'TO 1tPWTO OTUbl0, rcou En:11PEU~ETat an:o TOO<; EJlETOO~ Kat btUpp01E~. En:ion~ 8u b08Ei yA.oK6~11 EUV on:upXEt on:OyA.OKatlliu. IToM JlEyUA.11 OnllUoiu SXEl 11 bwuP11011 un:o TO UPXIKO OTUb1O, En:E1bit stvm covaT6v VU Un:013A.1180uv Ot Toe,iVE~ 000 KUKA.Oq>Opouv OTOV op6 (48 WPEC,). H q>POV'TibU En:OJlEvcoc ytU n:POKA.11Tit blOUP11011 stvm n:proTUPX1K" Kat n:PEn:Et va Eq>apllo~ETa\ 600 TO buvaTOV svcoptrspu, aq>ou an:OKUTaOTu8Ei o OyKOC; oypwv TOO OPYUVlOJlOU. MEPIKOi ooyypuq>Ei~ nporstvouv, OT11 q>U011 UUT", 'TnV Eq>apJlOY" atlloK6.8up011~ JlE O'TitA.EC;

Uv9paKa. H al).,toKu9apoTJ urcopei va anoOWO£l o rcv soupuo- 09El J.L£oa o-ru OUO npw'ta 24wpa. AlJ.LOKU9apoTJ ECPUPJ.LO~E'Cat o'tTJV nEpin'twoTJ V£CPPlKij.; sKn'twOTJ';. Kn rd KUlpOUe; SXOUV XPTl- 0l).,tonmTl8Ei noA)..s,; QuoiEe; -YlU rnv UV't'l~u::'CW1tlOTJ '"CTI<; OTJATI'CTJpiaoTJ';, uAAa xwpi<; ano't£A.Eo).,tu'tu.

~uo qHip).,taKa cpetiv£'tat on J.LnOpEt Vet !}OTl8itoouv Kat TI xpijOTJ roue yiVE'tat unoO£K'tij. Hpoxsrrm yla 'CTIV neVtKtAAiVTI G KUt TTl LtAll--l1ttvivTI (Silibinine),

H n£vlKtAA1VTJ oio£'tat o s ).,t£ytiAse; OOOSte;, 400.000 ).,tovuo£e;/kg TJ).,tsPlloiwe;, as ouvexij EvoocpAej3tU EYXUOTI. I110't£Uarrn o n TI m:VtKtAAivTJ G £AU't"t'WV£t ij UVUO'tSAAEt 'tTJV npOOATJ\jITJ uJ.Let'to1;tvwv uno 'to ijnap. H OlAIJ.LnlVivTI 9EWPSi't'at on eve- 0'tSAAE1 rnv doooo rtov Ul--lu'tO?;tvWV o ro TJnU't'lKO K1.J't''tUPO Kat S'tat 'to npocpUAAaO£t uno 'tTJV KU'tUO'Cpocpij. Xopnystrrn O£ 00- OTJ 20-50 mg/kg/24wpo svoocpA£!}iroe; ytU 2-4 TJI--lEPSe;.

. Apov 'to O''t'lK'tOV (Arum maculatum) (K. ApuKovna)

<1>u£'tat O£ OATI 'tTJV EAAaOet. <I>u'tpffiv£t crr ouc; cppax't£e;, 'tu upata oaoTJ KUt 't'lC; Xupuopse;. Eivut nowos.; us l--l£yaAu tJ.LJ.Ltoxa CPUAAet AOYXOS10it j3et9unpaotvu, 1tOU ouxva cptpouv n opqiupee; Kat I--laup£c; KTJAiose;. 01 xupnot (poyse; KOKKlVOU xproJ.Lu'toe;) I--lma~OUV J.LS 'tOU KuAuJ.LnoKtOu.

To OPUO'tlKO ouo-ro-ruco stvrn at9tplO EAUtO rcou 1t£P1EXSt o.ootvn, ouotc OTJAT\'tTJP1WOTJ. Etvnt £PS910'ClKij YW roue !}A€VVOyovoue; KUt 'to StPI--lU Kat m9uvroe; SXS1 'to?;lKit OPUOTJ o ro KNL. Ot OTJATJ'tTJP1ao£le; stvm ouX,VSC; as natOla, rrou rpcovs roue KUpnoue; rcou EXOUV YAUKta yeUOTJ.

Tn OUJ.Ln'tWl--lu'Cu nSPlAUJ.Lj3Uvouv vaortc, SJ.LE'tOU';, SlappOta Kat atsA6pPOlU. LnUVtO'tspu npoKuA£i ysVtKa OUlln'tWJ.LU'Cu, tOiwe; uno 'to KNL (OlSY£POTJ ij KU't"UO'tOAij). H UV't'l).,t£'tcl:>1t10TJ £yxsrrru o'tTJV u1tOIlCtKPUVOTJ I--l£ tl--ls'to ij nAuoTJ, O£ x,opiiYTJoTJ yaAetK'COe; Kat OPOOlO't'lKc.OV uypwv, xopitYTJOTJ av9puKu.

Tn OUO'tTlI--lU't'lKa CPUtv0I--l£VU UV'tllls'twni~ov'Cul OU).,t1t'tlil).,tU'ClKWe;.

'A'tpo1toe; 11 EuOaAtiu 11 a'tponoe; (Atropa belladona) (K. MnEAAav'tova)

<1>U'tO rtou UVitKEt o rnv oucovsveic rmv oOAuvWOroV (Solanaceae), unuv'Cu as OATJ 'tTJV EAAUOU. MSYUAO nowo£e; cpu'to 60-180cm.

o Kupno.; rou stvrn lluuPTJ poyu J.Lsys90ue; uucpou xspcotoo. 01 OpUO'ClKSe; oootsc rtou n£pltX£l j3piOKOV'tat O£ oAa 'tu J.Lt.P11 rou cpu'tou Kat at KUPlO'tSpSe; etvca 'tU UAKUAOSt8ij, UOOKUUI-,t,{VTI Kat oKonoAuJ.LivT\. Ku'tu 'tT\V uno1;ijpuvoTJ 11 oooxucutvn J.L£'tU'tpEns'tUt as u'Cponivn. H nSptSK'ClKO'CTJ'tU o'Cte; ouotsc nOtKiAA£t UVUAOYU I--lS 't11V 1tPOEAWOTJ roo ooroo.

Tn OUl--ln'tWIlU'tU Kat T\ 9spunsiu stvor onw.; 'tTl e; OT\AT\'tTJpiu- 0T\e; uno urpomvrt.

Aa't'Oupa 11 O''tpaflwvtOC; (Datura Stramonium)

(K. Aa'toupa, 'to;'touAae;, 1tOpoox:op'to, cr'tPaflov1o)

L'CTJV EAAUOU anuv'tu ern 0S00UAiu, 'Hnsipo, AnwAiu, ApKaoia, Mso cnvtu, AUK(J)Viu Kat Errrdvno c. Tn j3uatKa OUo'tU't'lKU roo cpu'tou stvrn 'tu aAKaAOStOij UOOKUullivT\, oKonoAaJ.LtvTJ, urpomvn, UOOKtVTJ. L'tOV EAATJVlKO x,wpo EXOUV avacpsp9ei OTJATJ'tTJPlUO£1e; ano Ka'tunOOT\ onopwv ij cpOAAWV 'tOU ourou, Tu CPUAAU 'COU ex,ouv x,PTJOtIl01totTJ9si Ka'tu 'tOU u09 uo.roc I--lS 'tT\ uopcpit atYups't"t'wv. H oUlln'tw).,tu'toAoyia rrou £Ilcpuv{~s'tat stvct T\ iotu IlS uu'tij 'tTJe; OTJATJ'tTJPiuoTJe; J.LE urpontvn. low stvut Kat TJ UV'ttllS'tul1t10TJ·

EKJ16.AAlO 'Co EAa'tlJplO (Ecbalium elaterium) (K. 1tIKpayyoupul.)

Eivrn CPU'tO noWOEe;. Ot xuoxot 'tOU tX,OUV ox,ijl--la a'tpaK'toStOte; SniI--lTJKSe; KUt KUAU1t'tOV'ta1 unO uucpst; j3sAOVSe;. a x,uI--l6e; 'COUe; 1t£pttXSt 't01;lKte; ouotec 'Cte; KOUKOUPJ.L1tt'tuo{vse;. O'tUV Aal--l!}uvs'"C(lt czro 'to o rouc SXSt tox,uPit KUUO't'lKit ucnvorrrru xm rtpoKaA£i EV'tOVTJ oluppma. Erciorp; npOKaA£i £ps9tol--l0 'tou j3A£VVO-

YOVOU 1'OU CHOI .. l(IXOU, EJ,lE1'OU<; Kat taxupou<; rrovooc. EK1'O<; cu- 1'rov 1tpOKUAEi J3Ao.J3Tl reov VECPProV I..I.E nvouotc xrn EK8TlArooEt<; 0.1t0 1'0 KNr..

ito. 8to.CPOPE<; nu81'1 OI::t<; yiVE1'Ut Xp1'1OT] 1'Tl <; m K puYYOUpto.<; cs ptvixer; Et01tVOS<;. Au1'O I..I.1tOpEi va 1tpOKo.AtaEt €'VtOVTl 1'01ttK1'1 CPAEYI..I.OV1'1 0.1,.1,.0. KOl YEVtKE<; 8po.OEt<; Kat 8o.vo.1'0. T€.1'OlOt 80.vcrrot exouv oUI..I.f)Ei 01'Tl Kp1'11'Tl. H Ecpo.P!-LOY" 01'0 8tpil0. 1tpOKUAd EpE8wllO 0.1t' oxoo uzr opei yo. o.noppocpT]8Ei.

K6>Vt:lO to O"'tlKtO (Conium maculatum) (K. J.laYKou'ta 11 (lP(J)J.lOlOP1'O)

<1>mo yv<.OO1'O 0.1t0 1'0 8o.vu1'0 "tou LmKpo..1'Tl. Artuvrd oe 01,.0- KATlPTl1'TlV EAAo.8u. H E1t0X" 1tOU o.v8Ei 1tEptQ'OO1'EPO etvci 1015- VtO<; Kat 10UAto<;. To 8po.onKo oUO"to.1'tKO rrou 1tEpt€'XEt stvci 1'0 uAKo.AOEtbE<; xcovsfvn, evro 1t£ptEXOV1'o.t xm 0..1,.1,.0. o.AKo.AOEt8".

Etvm nOAu £1ttKiv8uvo CPU1'o. YnoAoyi~E1'at nco<; 10 YPUI..I.. 0.1t0 cpUAAo. o.u,1'OU I..I.1tOPOUV Yo. npOKo.Ataouv 1'0 80..vo.1'0 U1tO 1to.po..Auall 1'OU KNL Oi 811ATl1'TlPto.OEt<; oUIlJ3uivouv cxo J3Proo11 cpuAA<.Ov" 0.. 1,.1,.<.0 V 1'1..1.11 1..1. 0.. 1'<.0 v 1'OU CPU1'OU" U1tO oUYXUOll !-L£ roue xcpnou<; 1'OU yAUKo.vioou 1\ 1'OU llo.po.80u, no.poAo Ott 1'OU xcovstou oi xc.orrot EXOUV t8to.i1'epTl llupco8to..

J..:tJJ.lnnoJ.lara: H OUlln1'COl..I.o.1'oAoyio. El..I.cpo.vi~e1'Ollle vnurtu, £I..I.S1'ou<;, Ot£AOPPOlo., nUpE1'O Kat npo08W"ttK" IlUtK1\ 0.8uvo.llio.. I:1'11 auvExeto. £nEPXOV1'at l..I.utKE<; 1tUpo.AUOet<; KUt uvunvsuo-nK" SKn1'<.OoTl 1tOU I..I.1tOPOUV yo. 08TlY"00uv OE 8o.vu1'0.

H cvnuercomon 1'11<; 8TlATl"tTlPio.all<; eYKenUt 01'11V 0.1t:OJ,lo.xpuvon 1'11<; ouctc ; xrn 1'Tl xopiJYll011 <iV8po.Ko.. Aomit uy<.Oyit OUI..I.7t1'<.OI..I.UnKiJ .

Mav5payopa; (Mandragora) (K. l1avc5paou).a<;)

<1>u£1'at 01'11V EAAo.80. Kat O£ o.AA£<; Meoovsicocsc xrope<;. EtVOl YV<.OO1'O uno 1'11V o.PXat01'Tl1'U Y10. 1'Tl cpo.Pl..I.o.KOAOYlKrl1'OU XPrlOTl O"rOV o.v8pco1t0. Xpll0tIl07tOlrl8TlK£ <.0<; U7tV<.01'tKO, o.Vo.Ay7l1'tKO 1'1 o.vUl0811"rtKO, AOy<.O 1'11<; Ko.To.01'o.A TtKn<; 8po.oTl<; TOU 0"r0 KNI:.

o Kap1tO<; Kat "ro. cpUAAo. "rOU l..I.uv8payopo. nEptEXouV UOOKuaJ,l(VTl, OK01tOAo.l..I.ivTl, lVEU800KUo.IliVll Kat J,lav8 pnvoptvn.

H 811ATl1'11Pio.OTl !-LE l..I.o.v8puyopu stvrn Tuxaiu OE EVTlAiKou<; 1tOU "rproVE 1'OU<; KUp1tOU<; o.1tO OUYXUOll Ku8ro<; xm 01'0. nat8to. 1tOU rprbvs Kat uurri TOU<; Ko.pnoU<; rt ou 1l0to..~OUV I..I.E xsocoin. dEV etvm 01to.VtE<; oi 8TlATlTTlpto.OEt<; uno XOpTo., 01'0. oxotc 1tEptAo.l..I.f)6.VETat Kat llo.v8po.yopu<;, Ylu"ri oruv stvm o ru; o.PXE<; 1't<; o.Vo.nTU;"<; "rOU 1l0Hi~Et J,lE 0.1,.1,.0. 0.8000..

LtJJ.l1 .. tauaro: Onox; umo. IlE 1'11V c rpomvn. Movo nou zrpoKo.Ael Kat KU1'o.OToA" TOU KNr. AOYro Tll<; OKonoAo.l..I.iVll<;.

Oeoasteia: A7t0l..l.o.KPUVOll IlE EI..I.E1'O Tl 1tA.UOll , XOPTlYTloTl uyprov xrn <.0<; UV1'i80,tQ 11 eucoo-nvutvn.

NapKlO'O'O<; (Narcissus excertus)

Etvnt CPUTO 8tu8£bOJ,lEVO Kat 811lllOUPyet o.1totKie<;. Etvm 1t0- ro8E<; nOAuETe<; CPU"rO us EUOOllo. o.v8Tl (Mrnoc).

o J30A.130<; rcov CPUTrov currov neptSxet o.AKo.Aoet81\ onro<; Tll A.UKOp(VTl Kat "tTlV A.UKOP£1l1VTl, 1tOU etvui 1'O;tKU. Oruv cpo.yro8Ei 1tPOKo.A.el vnurtn, €.IlE"tO xm 8tuppow.

H o.VTtIlETromoTl OUViOTU1'o.t OTTlV o.nOI..l.UKPUVOT] TOU TI..I."- 1l00TO<; TOU CPUTOU rtou EXEt Ko.1'o.n08ei us 1tAUOll Tl SJ,l£1'O xrn 01'Tl au 1..1. n"t<.Ollo.TtKTl UY<.Oyi}.

NllPlO (Nerioum oleander) (K. 1tlKpoc5aq>v11)

<1>U1'O KUA.A.<.Omo"ttKo. OA.o. TO. IlEPll TOU CPUTOU stvm 1'O;tKU . UKOIlU Kat TO vspo 1'OU o.v8080xeiou, 7tOU Ton08£TiJ811Ko.v 1'0. uv- 8Tl. H TO;tK1\ 8po.oll OCPElAETat OTTlV oAeo.v8pivTl, I..I.to. Ko.p8lOTOveori K1\ YAUKooi8T] o.VUA.oYTl 1'11<; 80. K1'UAiTt80.<;.

H oUlln1'<.OJ,lo.TOA.oyiu KUt Tl cvnusrormon ElVUt n i8tu on<.O<; Kat OTTl 80.K1'uAtTt80..

PiKIVO>; 0 KOlVOS (Ricinus communis) (K. PS'tCJlVOAUOUl)

Eivm Q)u'to vvcoo ro w<; PS'tO'lVOAUOtU, KiKl, KpOU'tOUVlct Tj KOUp'tOUV1U (Kunpoc), KWI..OKiKl (Hl..siu), XUj..lOKOUKLU (KSQ)UAI..nviu) Kat 'to'uAci1tU (Kprrrn).

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Tn O'1tEpj..lU'tU m;ptEXOUV I..ciOt 45-55% Kat utn nol..u OTjAn'tTjptWOT} oooto., 't'T} puctvn, n oxotc U1t0IlEVSt O''t'OV nAuKouv't'U Ils'tci rnv s;uywyn 'tOU sl..uiou Kat 'tOY KUVS.t UKU'tUAI..T}I..O YW .U /.;.Wu. 1:' UD'tnV O<psiI..OV't'Ul 0l0nI..Tj't'T}plU0'81<; O''t'U /.;.rou KU1'tOV UVElPW1tO.

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IVJ.l1rrWj..laTa: Ncuttc, EIlS.'t'01, Ks.Q)ul..uAyiu, vsvucri UOW88- otn, O'UYXUO'T}, O'nuO'lloi, OUippOlU 118 't'BlVEO'j..lO, U1j..lU1:npE<; KSVW0'81<;, UQ)UOU't'WO'Tj, KUUVWO'n. 't'uxuKupoiu, n't'(oO'Tj 't'Tj<; nprnptUKn<; ni80'Tj<;, oUAinou, on't'tKn VEupi't'10U, lluOpiuO'n. AO'ElIlUnKn xptcn Kat 8;UvElT}IlU EXOUV 1tSPlYPUQ)Ei. Ano 't'l<; 1tUPUKA1- Vl.KE<; 8;8't'U0'81<;, nupU't'nptlElnKUV xpcorstvooptc , muutoupta, Olct'tUpUXE<; 'tTj>; nnU't'lKtl <; A81't'OUpyiu<;.

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r£roIlTJAU (Solanum tuberosum) (K. 1ta't'a'tu)

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6.T}l..n't'Tjp1UO'E1<; o rov uv8pw1t0 EXOUV O'Ullj3Ei KUt 1lo.1..10''t'U j3UP1£<;.

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@spanf.{a: Ku8upu cuurcrcouumcn Kat xuptox; puEllltO'Tj uOuroc KUt TjAEK't'POl..u't'(Ov.

I:nup'to (Cytisus scoparius)

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H cSPUO'Tl 't'WV UAKuAoE10rov stvct KUpcSlO't'ovwnKtl, U1tEP'tUO'lKtl Kat Siooprrrncr]. EK'tO<; uno 't'OV epe81allo nov j31..8VVOYOvcov, 1t POKUI..8i't'ct1 Uu;n on 'tTj<; mscnc; uu; ncn 't'Tl<; OlOUpTjO'n<; xut 't'uxuKupcSiu. AI..AU O'UIl1t't'roIlU't'U atvut E1t1YUO''tP1KO 6.1..'10<; xnt OlUpp01U. H uvnj..luwmO'Tl stvrn ouurrrcouu'mcn. I1poO'OXtl lcSwi't'epu XPEtU/.;.E'tat O''t'TlV U1tEp'tUO'n·

cI»UAAO~EV~PO (IIAa'tuq>UAAo)

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KE(j)UAUto 5

rENIKA

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IIAPAKOYAT (Paraquat)

KuEI~~povo ?Uj..l.I3?:~vouva1'n XcOpa ,.w<; j..l.EPlK£<; OEKUOE~ onAn1'TjplUOf:t~ j..l.E 1'0 ~t~aVlOK1'OVO 1tapaKouci1' 1tOU 0'1'0 surcopto CP£PE1'at us Olucpopa ovouuru us KUPlO sxnpoocono ro Gramoxon.

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:EE 1tEpi1t.woTj Ka1'U1tOOTJ~ !-iEyUAwv 1tooo.it.wv 1tapaKOUU1'

o aaElEVT't~ ouvrou« Ej..l.<paviG;t an!-iEia I3Aul3n~ Kat aVE1tUpKEm~ 1tOAArov OPyO,VWV. 0 El6.va1'O~ E1t£PXE1'at !-i£oa OE AiYE~ cOPE~ n !-i£PE~ us KapbtaKn appu8j..l.ia, unoroon n KapOlOaVa1tVEUa1'lKn cvcocomi.

H An\llTJ a1to .0 01'oJ,w 2-3 ypaj..l.. 1tapaKouu. j..l.1topEi va EiVat Elava'Tjcpopa yta eva EVT'tAlKO u.Oj..l.o. To. 2-3 ypaj..l.. 1tapaKoua. 1tEPl£XOV1'al OE 10-15 ml OKEUUaj..l.a1'O~ 2011,10.

Bovaarnouucti eootuur:«

EK1'O~ a1to 1'0 101'OPIKO n Oluyvwon np£1tEl vo. EmI3El3au:i:>VE1'al spvco rn pte KcO<;.

- H rtoto-rucri aVlxvEUOTj 1tapaKOUU1' 01'0. oupn Kat 01'0 v«- 01'PIKO uvpo 1tAUOTj~ sivrn EUXEpn~ xm !-i1tOPEl va -fivEt ue AtElEtoVIKO NU1'PlO (Sodium dithionite) Kat ~l1'1'avElpaKtKO NU1'PlO us a1tAn 1'EXVIKl'j.

-:EE 10 ml oup« it ya01'plKOU uypou 1tpooEle1'Ouj..l.E 2 ypa!-i. ~11'1'avElpaKtKO NU1'PlO Kat aVaKlVOU!-iE anaAO,.

- ITpooElE1'OUJ-l.E 01'TJ OUV£XEta 1 ypaj..l.. ~tElEIOVtKO V6.1'PlO (Dithionite Sodium) Kat aVaKlVOU!-iE 1'0 j..l.tYJ-l.a a1taA6. Kat 1tO,At.

- Flupccrnpcous 1'0 OOKl!-ia01'IKO oWAijva OE U01tPO q>OV1'O.

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-Au1'ij Tj j..l.88000~ aVIxvEuEl OUYKEV1'PWOEl~ 1'OU 1tapaKOUU1' !-ilKp01'EPE~ a1to 2 mg/lit Kat uxopsf vn XPTJOl!-i01tOITJElEi Kat cnv TJj..l.l1tOOO1'tKO~ 1tPOOOlOplO!-iO~ OE OEIPU a1tO oEiY!-ia.a 1tOU Ela 1tEPI8XOUV Otaq>opE1'lK8~ Kat U1tAOYlO!-i8VE~ 1t0061'n1'E~ OUpWV.

IIpOO(}lOpIOj..tOr; OTO aiua: 0 1tOOO1'tKO~ npoooioptouor; 1'OU 1tapaKOUU. 0.0 1tAO,O!-ia uxopst va XPTJOt!-i01tOlTjElEt oav Kpnijpio al;toAOYTJOTJ~ 'n<; ool3ap01'Tj.a~ 1'Tj~ OTJATJ1'TJpiaoTj~ Kat aXEL 1tPOYVW01'lKn al;ia.

@Epanda

~EV UnO,PXEI EIblKij Oepurcstu. Ka.O, xmpouc 8XOUV rcporuElEi 1tOAM~ ElEpanEU1'lK8~ j..l.eEloOOt 1tOU bEV a1tabWoav.

156 • ~TJA:lrrTJPt(ia£l(; j..lE YEWpYIKU cpUpj..l~KU

-------------------_

To ouctao-ruco stvct TJ EYKUIPTJ U1tOj..laKPUVaTJ t ou cSTJA.T['TJpiou U1tOTOV opvnviouo Kat TJ 1tUPEj..l1tOcSlaTJ TTJt:; U1toppocpT[a11t:; ,0U. Tic T~_ A.oyo _uu,o TJ uywyri 1tpe1tf;t vu stvrn Uj..lEaTJ. E1tiaTJt:; Ka9E 11:Epln-,waTJ A.11\)1~~' 1tUpaKOUa, 1tpe1tEl vn aVTlj..lETw1tl~ETat 0',0 NOaOKOj..lEto.

Tlpcatec j301jesISr;: 'Auson 1tpOKA.TJaT[ Ej..ltTOU Kat j..lE'tUCPOpU o-ro 1tA.TJ01Ea'tEpo Iu-rpsto-Kevrpo Yvstc«; tl NOaOKOj..lEio.

'Aj..lEaTJ 1tA.UaTJ a'tOJ..lux,ou KCl:t ,011:09tTT[aTJ yaa'tptKOU oroA.tlVU Ea'tW Kat UV ex,Et Ylvel susroc. 'AJ..lEaT[ x,oPtlYTJaTJ xpoopoCPTJUK11t:; ouotuc. Te rour npocpoqmtucn ouctn stvm 0 Mrrerovt'tTJt:; (Bentonite). XOPTJYEi'tat ae UcSU,lKO cS1UA.UJ..la 70/0 aE zrooo'tTJ'tEt:; UVaA.oyu j..le rnv TJA.IKia 100-200 ml cs auvEx,eit:; XOpTJyiJaett:; us 1tUpaA.A.TJA.TJ xop11YTJaTJ Ku8upUKOU. H xoPtlYTJaTJ ouvsxi~e'tal j..lex,pl vu eJ..lcpavlO,Ei 0 J..l1te'tovl'tTJt:; a'tu K011:PUVU tl ytu 1-2 24wpu. Env cSev U1tapX,el Mnerovirnr; x,oPTJyei'tat aV8PUKUt:; os j..lEyaA.Et:; cSOaEtt:; (uvorrspec) KUt os auxvEt:; XOPTJytlaElt:;.

Tic vu U11:0J..luKpuv8Ei 'to 1tUPUKOUU, U11:0 'to 1tA.aaj..lU eoo.pJ..lO~E,at TJ atJ..loKu9apaTJ. H alJ..locSltl8TJaTJ usoco a'tTJA.wv uv8paxu 8Ewpc:i'tal a11:0TEA.Eaj..lUnKo'tEPTJ. H U1J..lOKa8upaT[ 1tpe1tEl va UPX,l~C:l 00'0 'to Suvc'rov evcoptrapu (C:VTOt:; rcov 1tpw'twv 4 copcov U1tO 'tT[ A.11\)1TJ), 1tpe11:C:l vc OtUPKc:t 1tOA.A.Et:; wpc:t:; (6-8) ,TJV TJJ..lEpa Kat ytU 4-7 TJj..ltpc:t:; aUVOA.tKa. Tin 'TJV U1to'tEA.EaJ..lUnKo'tTJ'U 'tTJ~ atJ..loKu9upaTJ~ YC:VlKU umipx,ouv cS1U<popE'ttKet:; a1to\)lC:l~. $uivc:'tat on os UPKE't£~ 1tEpt1t'twaEt~ TJ alJ..lOKa8upO'TJ I}OTJ9aEl cnuuvnKa, svco O'E 1tc:pt1t'tWO'C:l~, 01tOU 'to E1tl1tEcSO rou 1tA.aO' uu roc; stvm 1tOA.U U\jfTJA.O cSEV EX,Et O'TJj..lUV'rtKiJ C:1tl'tux,ia.

H 1tPOKA.TJ'tTJ cSlOUPTJO'TJ C:<PUpj..lO~E'tat, UA.A.U Ssv <paivc:,m vu stvm tcSlUl't£pW~ U1to'tc:A.c:O' uurucri.

- XOPtlYTJO'TJ uvnJ3to'ttKWV ytU C:1tlKc:lJ..lEVT[ j..loA.uvaTJ o ru; E~c:A.KWaEl~.

- 0c:pa1tc:ta rcov c:A.KWV TOU o-couuro ; KUt TOU <papuyya Kat U1tO<puytl A.tl\jfTJt:; O''TEpc:a~ 'tpo<ptl~ nzro 'to o rouu, YIU'Tt urropst va c:pc:8iO'c:t 'to o touc.tooupovyu.

- Luvtl8w~ x,oPTJyouv'tat xoprucoo-cspoeion, x,wpi~ vo. £Xc:t EKUJ..lTJ9c:i TJ 8c:pa11:c:uuKTJ U~1U roue.

- Tsvucd U1tO<pc:uYC:Tat TJ x,oPtlYTJO'TJ o';uyovou Yla'ti smratvet

TTJV ,0~tKO'tT['tU roo 1tUPUKOUa't. IOlaiTEpu o ro a'tacS10 'TJ~ 1tVEUJ..lOVIKiJ~ J3A.aJ3TJ~ U1tO<pEUYE'tat TJ x,opiJYTJaTJ o~uyovou tl vtvsrm J..lE 1tOA.A.iJ 1tpoaox,11, oruv U1tUPX,El j..lEYaA.TJ UVUYKTJ·

L1JjJ.dcoo1J: Eriv TJ avix,vEuaT[ 'Ita rtupc xouc O'TU oupc stvm UPVTJ'tlKtl 6-12 WPEt:; a1to 'tTJV uvcrpspousvn A.tl\)lTJ, rors m9uvo_ 'ta'ta cSEV eYlvE A.11\)1T[ 'tTJt:; ouotnc.

T01nKSr; enisoaaeu;

LVjJ.7rTWjJ.aTa: E1tu<piJ O'Uj..l1tUKVWJ..lEVOU cStaA.UJ..lU,ot:; zrupuKOUU't J..lE 'tu j..lunu urtopst va 11:POKUA.€O'c:t O'ol}aptl <pA.EYj..lOVtl rou KEpU'tOC:lcSOU~ KUl roo c:1t11tE<pUK6TU. H <pA.EYj..lOVtl UVU1t'tUO'O'E'tUl 0''tacS1UKa Kat uxopet VU OOTJytlO'El O'C: c:~tA.KWaTJ rou KEPU'tOElcStl Kat roo C:11:18TJA.10U rou e1tl1tE<puKO'tU. Av KUt TJ U1tOKu'tua'taO'TJ Ku9uO''tEpEi, TJ J3A.uJ3T[ stvm E1tl<PUVEtaKtl Kat J..lE O'wO''ttllU'tptKtl <ppov'ticSu 8Epa1tc:uC:TUt 1tA.tlPw~, o.xouu Kat O'E O'OI}UPE~ 1tEpt1t'tWaEl~.

@spans(a

IIA.uO'TJ 'tWV J..lU't'lWV J..lE a<p80vTJ 1t OO'O'tTJ'tU VE P OU yla 10-15 A.E1t'tU. L'tTJ O'uvex,Ela yivc:'tat 0<p8UA.J..l0A.OYIKiJ E~E'tUO'T[.

Elanvorj

LVjJ.nTWjJ.aTa

Eicrrvof O''TuYOVtcS{wv \jfEKaanKou cSlUA.UJ..lU'tO~ 0,5-1 % cSEV O'uJ..lJ3aivC:l oruv 'to 1tUpU KOUa't X,PllO'lJ..l01t01El'tUt us O'wO'T6 -epo- 1t0. L1tUVlU unopst va 1tpoKA.T[9Ei c:pc:8tO'j..l0~ J..lU'tT[~ Kat <papuyyu 1'] ptvoppu'yiu , H E1tU<Ptl us TO PlVlKO J3A.EVVOYOVO ,WV cSUK'tUA.WV 1tOU stvci I}peYJ..lEVU us cSl(iA.uJ..lU O'UJ..l1tUKVWJ..lEVOU 1tUPUKOUa't unopet c:1tiallt:; va 1tPOKUA.£O'El ptvoppnvtu.

Gepaneia

AEV a11:at'tEi'Tut ElcSlKtl 8Epa1tEia.

LVf.i7rrWf.iara

To nUPUKOUa't, ElOtKa OE UI.jJ11An oU"{K8v'tpcoo11 (OtaAUJ.lU surcoptou) stvut EPE8tOTtKO "{tU TO otpj..lU. Av TO OUj..lnUKVCOJ.l£VO ouiAUj..l<.111UPUKOUaT £peEt OE Enucpn us TO oepJ.lU "{lU UPKET8~ cOPE~ urcopst vu npoKA118Ei OEpj..lUTlKn J3Aaj311, onOTE KUt unoppocpaTat Kat uzropet vc npOKUA£OEt ooj3up" 0l1A11T11piUOTJ. EUKOAU unOPPOcpaTUt uno UAAOlWJ.l£VO O£Pj..lu. To nUPUKOUaT rrou OlUAUETUl "{lU I.jJEKUOj..lO (ouuouivu I-lE r«; oOl1"{{E~ Xpn011~) OEV stvut EPE8l0TtKO ytU TO oepj..lU, EKTO~ UV pOUXU OwnOTtOj..l£VU us I.jJEKUOTlKO u"{po CPOPlOUV'tUt OUVEXcOe; Eni UPKE'tE~ cOpE~.

0spa7rsla

AnOj..laKPUV011 TWV j..lOAUOj..lEVCOV pOUXWV Kat nAUOlj..lO TOU 1-l0AU0J.l£VOU SEpj..lUTO~ I-lE acp80vo VEPO Kat OTU VUXlU Kat ne; rptxEe; TO OUV'tOI-lOTEPO j..lE'tU T11V £K8E011. EUJ.l11TWj..lUTtKn u"{co"{n TOU OEPj..lU TlKOU EPE8toj..lou" J3AaJ3TJe;. H 8EpunEiu nEptAUj..lJ3<ivEt TTJV UVTlj..lETc01tlOTJ TOU E"{KUUI-lUTO~. KUAo stvui vu ,,{iVEt xpoootopi- 0j..l6~ rcupuxoucr OTO uij..lu "{lU TUXOV unoPPoCP11011.

or-r ANOcIJUl:«llOPIKEI: ENUl:EIl:

ITPOKEtTat viu j..lE"{aATJ KUT11YOP{U EVTOj..lOKTOVooV us EUpEiU xpnoll.

Ot opvuvoqnootpopucot EOT£PE~ EiVUt OUOiE~ TO~tKee;. 'ETO'l uucps«; noooT11TE~ urropst va stvui 8uvUTllCPOPE~.

Ot 0l1A11T11PlaOEte; I-lE op"{uvoCPWOCPOPlKOU~ EOT£PE~ EiVat ouxVEe; AO"{W T11~ EUpEiU~ XP"ol1e; us I.jJEKUOI-lOU~ o t«; KUAAmp"{ElE~, UAAa KUt o»; EV'tOj..lOKTOVWV "{EVtKOTEpU. 01 OP"{UVOCPWOCPOptKE~ EVcOOEt~ unoppocpcOVTat uno OAE~ ru; OOOue;, nEnTtKO, oepl-lU, UVUnVEUOTtKO.

Kuptu Opa011 TOU~ OTOV Op"{UVlOj..lO EiVUt 11 u'n UVUOTpEl.jJlj..lll OUVOEOll TOU~ I-lE TO £V~Uj..lO UKETUAOXOAtvEOTEpao11· ME r'n OUVOE011 UUTn TO EV~Uj..lO o.Spuvonotetrrn us ouvsxsm VU I-lTJ

OlUOna TO VEUPOOtUJ3tJ3UOTll UKETUAXOAiVTJ Kat I-lE U110TEAE0J.lU VU u8poi~ETat c nc; TEA1Kt.~ OUVaI.jJEle; TOU nupUOUI-lnU8TJTtKOU Kat TTJV EI-lCPUVtOTJ EKOTJAcOOEWV Uno UUTO.

"ETO't 11UPUTTJPOUVTat OTU 'tEAtKa op"{UVU TOU nupuouJ.lnu- 8TJTtKOU EKOTJAcOOEt~ TTJe; AE"{Oj..lEVTJe; XOAtvEp"{tKne; KpiOTJ~ ue -OUOnaOEl~ TCOV AEiwv j..lUlKcOV rvcov KUt UU~TJOTJ TCOV EKKpioECOV. ~ OTOU~ OKEAETtKOU~ I-lUEe; EhE OlE"{EpnK,, E11iopUOTJ (OEOI.nOcO-

OEl~) EiTE UVUOTUATtKll (UOUVUJ.llU, nUpaAUOTJ).

- OTO cpAEJ30KOj..lJ30 I-lE npOKAllOTJ ouvn8oo~ J3PUOUKUpO{U~.

- OTOV E"{KecpUAO I-lE nOlK1Aiu EKOllAcOOEWV: a"{XO~. OU"{XUOTJ,

80AooOTJ TTJ~ OpUOTJ~. ~aATJ, u'tu~iu, onUOj..lOU~, KUTUOTOA" rtou uzropst vu cpeaOEt OE KcOj..lU, KUTUOTOAn TTJ~ UVU11VOn~.

Tu opvcvoocooqiooucc npOKUAOUV OUO OJ.laOEe; OUJ.lnTooI-lUrrov: a) MOUOKUPlvtKa, onoo~ J3puouKupoiu, J3poyxoonUOI-lO, 01£AOPPOlU, OUKPUPPOW, EcpiopWOTJ, I-lUOTJ Kat (3) N1KOTOVtKa, 011oo~ TUXUKUpoiu, un£pTUOll, I-lUtK£~ Kpa".mEe;, uvunveuo tucri rtupaAUOTJ·

Tu OUl-lnTcOJ.lUTU upXi~ouv Uno Ai,,{u AE11Ta j..l£Xpt TO 110AU 12 cOpEe; I-lETa 'tTJV £KeEOTJ O'tU opvuvoococoopucd. Ev TOU'tOt~, TJ eVup~TJ TTJ~ xOAtvEpYtKn~ KpiOTJ~ KUeUOTEpEi j..lEXpt 2-5 TJj..lEpee; OE £K8EOll At1tOCPlAtKcOV opvuvoqxootpopucrov EVcOOEooV, oxo»; TO fenthion n TO Dichlorfenthion. Ot At1tocplAlKe~ EVcOOEle; U110- eTJKEUOVTat OTO Ainoe; Kat unEAEu8EPcOVOVTat OTUOWKa, I-lE unoT£AEOj..lU rnv KUeUOTEPTJOTJ OTllV El-lcpaVlO'TJ rcov OUl-lnTool-laTooV KUl TTJV nUpaTUOn 'tOU~.

Tevucti TU OUj..lnTcOJ.lU TU EiVUt TU UKOAou8u:

N UUTiu, 8j..lETOt, KOlAtU Ka aA "{TJ, Otap potu, j..lUOTJ n I-luopiu- 011, cpwTocpoJ3iu, OUKPUPPOtU, ptvoppoiu, OlEAOPPOtU, j3PUOUKUPoiu n TUXUKUpoiu (OUxvu), UnOTUOTJ, onUVtOTEPU unEpTuoll, uppu8j..liE~, UU~TJOTJ J)PO,,{XlKcOV EKKpioEWV, J3po"{xoonuol-lo~, ouo nvotu.

EE J3UPU'tEPE~ OllAllTllPtaOEl~ uvUnVEUOTtKtl UVEnaPKEtU n 11VEUI-l0VtKO OiOllj..lU, I-lUtKn o.Suvuuic., OEOj..llOcOOEte;, (EVOEX0I-lEVTJ

napaAucrTJ 'tOU OlW:ppaY!la'to<;), unsptopcootu, cruxva Wxpo'tTJ'ta. A'ta/;ia, cruyxucrTJ, crlIacr!loi, xrouu EXouv lIapa'tTJPTJS£i. AKO!la ulIEp9£P!lia i) ulIo9£P!lta.

IIuu5HI: Ta KUpldcru!lntw!la'ta 'tTJ<; OTJATJ'tTJPiacrTJ<; cr'ta rtut- 01U OlU<PEPOUV alI 0 £K£iva rcov £VTjAiKWV. H Ka'tacr'tOAi) 'tOU KNL, TJ J.l.UlKi) aouva!lia, TJ ouonvOla Ka1'tO KWJ.l.a stvai mo ouxvo. o'ru lIat01o., EVW TJ J.l.ucrTJ, 01 O£OJ.l.tOWo£v:;, TJ j3paouKapoia Kat TJ au/;TJOTJ rcov sxxptoscov sivm AWO-rEPO crUXV£1.

EK011AoJaSt<; urro.o VSVPIKO ovarnuo: Etvrn ouva-rov va rrnpa-rTJpTJ90Uv rpsic xurnvopu«; OUJ.l.n'twJ.Lo.-rwv.

a) Tlpcoiuu crUJ.LlI'tWJ.La-ra: o.YXO<;, aVTJouxia, a-ra/;ia, vucrtu, crUyxuoll. LlIacr!loi Kat KWJ.l.a OE croj3apE<; 011ATJTTJPuio£1<;.

AtUJ.l.EOO crUVOPOJ.l.O (intermediate syndrome): ouva-rov vc EJ.I.cpavlcr9d alIO 12 wp£<; w<; Kat 7 TJJ.L8PE<; J.LEni Tllv £KSEOTJ OE opyavocpwocpop1Ka. Luvi]Sw<; aKoAou9Ei'tTJ AGOTJ -rll<; XOAWEpytKi)<; KpiOTJ<; Kat n porrvstrm -rll<; O\jJl!ll1<; VEUPOlIUS£ta<;. H OUiPKEUi TOU xuuutvs rrn a1to 5 J.LEXpt 15 llJ.L£PEC;. XapaK-rTJpi~E-ra1 KAlVlKo. ana J.LU1Ki) aouvaJ.l.ia Kat lIapaAuoll. Tn lIapaAU't1Ka onuste 1t£ptAaJ.l.j3uvouv aouvaJ.l.ia 'tOU aoSEvouC; va cr-rTJpi/;E1 ro K£CPUA1 -rOU i) va KaSi)o£l, 1to.p£Ol1 ocpSaA!llKWV !lUWV, apYE<; ocpSaAJ.l.tK8<; xivnosic, aouvaJ.l.ia rcov J.LUcOV -rOU rtpoororrou, OUOKoAia ornv Ka-ralIocrll. H sucovc £;£Aiocr£-rat J.L£ K£V-rP0J.l.UEA1Ki) 1tapaAucrll, E/;aA£l\jJll av-ravaKAacr-r1KcOv, avanv£ucrnKi) lIapuAucrll Kat 9uva-ro.

To OlUJ.l.EcrO cruvOPO!lO sJ.l.cpavi~s-ra1 ouxvo-r£pa J.I.£-ru urro 8KSEOll OE opvnvoqxooooptxn rou rurr oo dimethyl 61Iw<; 'ta: fenthion, dimethoate, monocrotophos, diazinon, trichlorton, malathion, methyl-parathion.

y) 'O\jJWTJ VEUpo1t£19ElCt (delayed polyneuropathy): Euqinvt~E-rat6-2111!lEP£<; J.l.s-ru rnv 8K9£oTJ cr£ opvuvoqxootpopucu, !l£-ru alIOlIap001Krl j3EA-riwOTJ 'tOU aoSsvouC; a1to t o Olo.J.I.£OO ouvopoJ.l.0. Etvm 0XEnKu 01tUV1a E1I11tAoKi). TIPOKE1-rat yta KLVll't1KOU i) a10911TtKOKWTJ-rtKOU -rUlIOU 1tOAUVEUPOlIu9s1a lIOU apxi~£l w<; lIPOOO£U-rlKi), 1I£P1CP£P1Ki) aouvaJ.l.ia Kat a-ra;ia o-ra K£1-rW UKpa. o a09£vi)<; apXtKa atcr9£1VE-rat xuuo o i) J.l.0UOla0J.La OTa 1tOOta, J.l.s-rU aouvaJ.Lia. L-rTJ OUV£XEta u nopei va EJ.l.q>av1090uv xaAapi)

napaAUOTJ, onao'tlKo'tTJ'ta, a'ta/;ia i) 't£'tpalIAllyia. L£ j3aplE<; rtspm'twoEt<; a KOAou9d OAOKAll PW'ttKi) lIapuAucrTJ, avalIveuo'ttKi) aV£lIUpK£ta Kat So.va'tOC;. 01 VEUpOAOytKE<; j3AU!)EC; aUTi)<; -rll<; CPU- 011 <; ouvi)Sw<; sivui J.I. TJ a vaO'tpE\jJt!lE<;.

Bovaornouixa WPr7J.LuTa

o 1tPOcr010P1crJ.l.OC; 'tTJC; XOA1W:0't£paOTJ<; 'tOU opou Kat rcov epuBpcov cuiooociptcov stvm j3acrtKoj30tl9TJ!la. 'Arou« us OUJ.l.1t'tWJ.LaTa alIO opvuvoococoopucd cruvtlSCOC; EXouv n!ltl XOAtVEO-rEPU- 011<; opou Ko.TCO rou 50070 'tTJ<; lIPO 'tTJ<; 8KSEOTJ<; -rlJ.l.tl<;, EVW OE BoP1£<; OTJATJ'tTJp1am:t<; TJ TtJ.l.T] uzropet vn !)pe9d xut KU-rW roo 10070. TIpEnE1 va 011J.LEtco9si o n AOYco roo J.I.£yaAou sopoix; nou KaAUrrret TJ CPUOWAOY1Ktl nJ.Ltl 'tllC; XOAtVSOTSpo.crTJ<; -rOU opou o rn 01(iqiopn u-roJ.l.a stvm no1..U OUOKOAO va a/;10AoYTJ9d !lEJ.LOVCOJ.l.EVa J.Lla Tt!lT] O£ 0P10!l8VTJ XPOV1Ktl o rwun. A;lOAOYll0TJ Sa uxopouos va yiVS1 nv tl-rav yvwcr-rtlll 1tpO -rTJ<; EK9Ecrll<; runi. 'Ero t OE u-ro!la J.I.£ £KSSOll os opvcvoqnoooopucd 11 Tt!lT] rn«; XOAlVSO-rEpaoll<; J.LnopEi va EiVU1 OE «CPUOlOAOY1KU opur», aAAu va £X£l !lE1W9Ei Ka-ra 40-50070. H oucrXE-rtcrll ElIO!lEVW<; -rTJ<; TtJ.l.tl<; -rTJ<; xoAlV£O-rEPUcrTJ<; opoo J.I.£ -rTJV EVap;TJ Ka1'tTJV svruon rcov KAWtKcOV oUJ.l.n'tcoJ.l.a-rcov o£v Eivat lIav-ro-re a;to1Ito-ro<;. H opao-rTJp10-rTJ-ra -rTJ<; XOAtVEo-rEpaOTJ<; TOU opou nupuuevst OE xaJ.l.TJAU smrtsoa Kat ElIaVEPXE-ra1 J.l.E !)paou pu9J.1.0 OE llJ.1.8pe<; 1'12-6 Ej300J.l.aoE<;.

0spansia

'Auson anoJ.l.o.KpuVOll 'tau ocvcvoococcopucou ano 'tOV opyavtcrJ.l.o avaAoya us 'tllv 000 £K9£011C;.

Eniooaar; ueoo» .11<; OtafJPOXr7<; Seouo tc»; r] povxwv

ElI£10it Ta opvnvoqxoorpopucn anoppocpcOv-ra1 sUKoAa ano t o OEpJ.La Sa lIPE1tE1 ° acr9Evtl<; va acpatp80£1 t u pouxa 1I0U q>opOUO£ Kat va KUVEl !llIUVW J.l.E acpSovo VEPO Kat currouvi. H iota EVEPYEta yiVE-ra1 Kat OTllV lIEpilI-rCOOll Ota!)pOXT]<; alIO WEKaOJ.l.O.

L£ Ai)WTJ alIO -rOU orouuroc; yiVE'tat aJ.LEcrwc; nAUOll o-ro-

162 • 811A:rrrllPuiow; us Y£OOPYIKU {J)UPIlUKU

IlUXOU, Xopny£i'tat o.v8puKue; (nap' 6A.ov o n UJ..l{J)lOl311't£i'tat 11 uno'tEA.£0J..lU'ttK6'tn'tu '!OU) Kat Ka8ap'!lK6. L't11 CJUVtXEta 0 a08Evij~ '!i8£'t.cg O£ np009J<;JtKtl _napaKoA.ou811011··ytU 'tllv £J..l{J)UVtOll OUlln'tOOIlU'!OOV. Edv U1t6 rnv upx,ij unupx,ouv OUJ..ln'tcOIlU'tU rtou 8e'touv OE Kivcuvo 'tn ~coij roo uoS£vou~ yiv£'!at 11 uvaYKuiu uvnIlE'tcOmoll· Ttu 'tn 8£pa1tE{u X,P11otIlOnotOuv'tat OUO {J)uPlluKa, 11 u tporttvn Kat 11 npaA.tooi;ill11.

Axooxivn: Xoprrvsttm yta 'tll oUlln'tcollunKij uvnuetcomon '!OOV 1l0UOKUptVtKcOV evepvsuov rcov opvuvoqxoorpopuccov KUt 11 evupi;l1 'tll~ X,Op1'!Y11o11~ 8a yiv£t 'tll onYlltl 1tOU £Ilcpuvi~ov'tat ru 1tPcO'tu 011IlEia 'tll~ XOAtV£pytKtl~ Kpioll~· ApX,tKU X,Op11yEi'!at 11 «otayvcoo'ttKtl 00011» u'!p01tiVTj~ Kat crrnv 1t£pi1t'tOOOllnou 0 u08£v1'!~ £1l{J)avi~Et J3puouKupoiu 600 Kat 0' £K£iVll1tOU £1l{J)avi~Et rux,uKupoiu.

Llwyv(r)urtK7} 86uTF EVijA.tKOt: 1 mg, 1tatoto. 0,25 rug (0,01 mg/kg) IV ij 1M. 1:E 1t£pi1t'!ooo11 C11A11'!npiaoll~ ours 11 J3PUOUKUPoiu, oure 11 'tax,uKUpOta Su 1l£'tUI3A11Souv o11llqvnKu·ll€ 'tn OtUyvroonKi] ooon. Eurprivton cnuetcov cerpomvtcuoo ue uovn 'tll «otaYVroO'!tKi] 06011» onuctvst o n n OnA.ll'tnpiaoll O€V €iVUt ooJ3upi].

H 06011 't11~ a'tp01tiV11~ o£v stvm Ka80ptolleVn Kat £';Up'!el'tat a1t6 rnv 1tOpetu Kat svruon rcov OUIl1t'tCOIlU'tooV. 0011y6 ytU '!11 ooooAoyiu a1to'!€A.£i n £1l{J)UVt011 oriuekov urpomvicuou.

A';t61tl0't0~ O£iK't11<; u'tP01ttVlOIlOU Il1tOPEt vu npoKu'VEt uovo IlE'tel uno covexrtunor; OA.COV 'troy cnuekov ('tax,uKupoiu, Iluopiu- 011, KU'!UO'tOA.l'j £KKpfoEOJV UVU1tVEUOnKou, i;l1Poo'tOlliu) ytu'ti uovsc; 11 -rux,uKupcia ij 11 J..luopiao11 urropet v' U1to-r£A.OUV 1l8PO~ 'tll~ iotue; -rn~ KA.tvtKij~ EtKOVUe; -rll~ 011A.11'!11piaoll~.

LvV7jBEl;; 86uEl':;: Evi]A.tKOl: 2-5 rug, I1UtOtel: 0,05 rug/kg Kel8£ 10-30' .

Merri -rllV UV'ttll£'!cOmoll '!OJV oUlln-rrollci-rcov 8u 1tP£1t€t vu Ota't11pEi-rUt EtKOVa £A.a{J)pouu'tpomVtollou.

at 9Epa1t£u-rtKe~ 060£t~ 1tOU U1tut'touv-rat ytU rov eA.EYx,o onA.ll't11PtUo£rov IlE opvcvoocoooopucd stvrn ouX,Vel -rEpuon£e;: 1t£PIOOO-r£po urro 100 mg O£ A.iYE<; cOp£~ 1'! YPullllUptU O£ A.iYEe; IlSPE~.

Avuoeoerm n£pi1t'tooon 61tOU x,opnyi]8nKav 20 ypull. OE

24 llepEe;. H a'tponLVn uxopst £nion~ va XOpnY118£l Kat OE oUV£xi] eyxuon IlE pu91l6 0,02-0,03 mg/kg/ropo..

H X,OpijYllon oUV£X,i~E,!at ro<; 'tOY 1tA.l'j pn 1l£'!al3oA.ta 116 rou opYUVO{J)OJO{J)OptKOU Kat '!11V uvuyevVTjon -rOU £V~UIlOU OE J3a81l6 upK£'tO yta 'tn 1111 £Koi]"'OOOn OUIl1t'tOOllel'trov X,OA.IVEpytKtl <; xpto nc.

H OtaK01ttl 't11<; X,Opi]YT1011~ 1tPS1t£t va yiv£'!ut J3aSlltuia (rouA.elX,to'!ov O£ 24 c.op£<;) Yia '!11V a1to{J)uytl -r11~ £1l{J)elVton~ OUIl1t'!COIlel rcov, Kupico<; 1tVEUIlOVtKOU Otcijlla roc.

XOP11Y£l'!at 1tapUA.A.11A.a 11£ rnv o-rpoxfvn. Iotui't£pu X,OP11- YEi-rUt oe £1l{J)UVtOn vucotwuccov evepvstcov: IlUtKi] uouvalliu, O£OIlIOoooEt<;, KPUIl1t£<;, OUIl1t'tooIlU'tU a1t6 'to KNL (o rtucuot, Koouu), MeyUA.ll a1to't€A.EOIlU'!IKo'tll-ra €X,€I111tPUA.IOO';ill11 orcv x,oP11yEi'!at ru; 1tpcO,!£~ 24-48 ooPE<; '!n~ 011A.11'tllpiuon<;. 8ivE'tat 61lOJ<; OJ<; Kat 6 111l£P£<; Il£'!el -r11V £K8€011.

LvV7j8El;; 86uEl;;: EV7jAIKm: 1-2 gr IV, Il€ pu81l6 0,5 ypaJ.l.. uvri A.£1t'!o ij o€ 250 ml {J)UOlOA.OytK6 op6 OE 30 A.E1t'!U.

Tlaioui: 25-50 mg/kg OE OtUA.uIla 50/0 OE {J)UOlOA.0YIK6 op6 os 30'. E1tavuA.n'Vn '!n~ 060n~ Ilnop£i va yiVEt OE 1 oopa Kat xu- 8£ 6-12 ooPE<; 0't11 ouvex,€la, £1ti nupuuovric 'troy €voEii;£OJv. H ztpaA.too';ill11 unopsi vn x,opnYT18€i Kat O£ OUV€X,l'j 8yx,uoll: 500 mg/cop« yta 'tOU<; €V11A.1Kou<;.

Auioxeia XOPr7Y11011;;: 4-6 11IlSPE<; ij KUt xeptooorepo ym A.t- 1to{J)tA.U oovcvoocoooopucn (Fenthion). Msvto rn 06011 Yia '!OU~ EvnA.iKOU~ 12 ypal-!. OE 24 OOPE<;.

at 1tUPEvtpy£tE~ etvut ucriucvrec; 'Ex,ouv uva{J)£p8Ei au';non llnu'!tKooV EV~UI-!OJV, ot1tA.OJ1tia, vnurtn, LUX,U1tVOtU, 'tax,UKapoia, I-!UtKtl aouvallia.

TEVIKa ueioa:

at €KKpioEI<; ano 'tll J3POYX,lK-r1 U1tEP£KKPlOll1tP81t£t va o.rtollaKpuvov-rat. Eriv U1telpx,ouv oxnouot, X,0PllYEi-rul ota~E1tUI-!11. To 1tV€\)I-!OVIKO oiOll I-! a av'tIIlE'tro1ti~£Lat x,OJpie; 'tll X,P-r10111l0p{J)iVll<; ij al-!tvo{J)uA.Afvll~·

L'tO 5Ulll£OO ouv5pOll0 Kat 't11V O\jJtll11 vwpomie£tU 11 c.rponiv11 Ssv tx£t £cpUPlloyTi. 'Exouv XP110l1l0n0111eEt !3t'tulliv£~ B" BiZ Kat kOp'tlKO'O't£po£t5Ti:

IIpo a ox7']

L't11V napoxTi tn rpucru; !3oTieEta~ cs O,'tOIlU IlE eS11A.11't11Piao11 uno opvcvoqxoooopucc Xp£tO,~£'tat npoooxTi 1111 1l0A.uved uut oq rtoo ru; napeX£t uno £IlEOlla'ta Ti ano 'ta POUXa rou ao8Evou~.

Ta pouxa Kat teStai't£pu 'tu eS£PIlO,'tlVU 'tu orcoin £KA.£K'ttKo' rtpoo potpoov 'ta opvcvoqxooqiooucn KaA.O stvrn va Ka'tao'tpecpov'tat us ano'ttcppw011, acpou unO,pxouv ool3apE~ allcptl3oA.i£~ yta 'to av stvm Suvn co vti Ka8apto'touv (anOA.UllaVeOUV).

Aurot nou Enaeav eS11A.11't11Piao11 8a npEnEt va Il11V Ep80uv OE EnacpTi us 'tt~ i5t£~ oootsc yta upxs'ro 5tao'tllllu napa 1l0VO ornv 11 X0A.tVEo'tEPO,0l1 cp'to'OEt o ro 80070 't11~ cpuOWA.OytK"~ 'tlll"~.

IIpocpuA.aK'tlKTJ XP"ol1 a'tponlVTJ~" npaA.teSol;ill11~ (xwpi~ 't11V EIlCPO,Vto11 ouunrcoudrcov) eS£v £1tt'tpE1t£'tat.

'Ornv yiv£'tat XPtl0ll IlEYO,A.OOV nooo'ttl'twv a'tponiVTJ~ nztut'tEi'tat YVcOo11 rcov EKeSOXOOV. Eriv 'to EK50Xo stvnt benzyl-alcohol Ti 0.1..1..11 ouotn 'tou:, A.oyoo 'tOOV 't€pciO'tlwv Sooscov, unO,pXEt 0 K1VSuvoc 5EU'tEPOY€VOU~ eS11A, 11't11 pto.cn ~ ano 'tt~ ouotsc au'te~.

KAPBAMIAIKEl:: EN{ll::EIl::

Eivat ollcieSa OUOlcOV IlE 't11V ovouuotn ourri, rrou XP110l1l0- zrotouvrm w~ evrouoxrovc. Av KateStacpEpouv X11lltKcO~ nzro roue oovcvoqxoooopi KOU~ Eo'tepE~, EXOUV 't11V ieSta 5po'ol1 o rov nv- 8 ororco, eSEOIl€UOUV 't11V a K€'tUA, XOA,tv€o't€ p 0.011.

Efvm 11 {eStU KA.tvtKtl sucovn onwe; o ru oovcvoqxoo oooucc.

Tsvucn 'ta oUlln'tcOlla'ta eS£v Eivat roo o evrovn Kat (oo»; 11 npoyvwo11 stvm KaA.u't€P11.

~11A,11't11Pt(io£t~ us Y£OOpytKU cpaplluKu • 165

@epam::ia:

'Onoo~ Kat o rc opvnvoqxooqiopucd, ue 't11 5tacpopu 0't11 xPTi- 011 't11~ npaA,t5ol;ill11~· l£VlKO, Ssv ouvto rurru yta'ti uzropst va auI;tlo€t 't11V 'tOl;tKo't11'ta rrov Kap!3allteStKwV. IIoA.A.oi OIlOO~ OUVlO'tOUV 't11 XPTio11 't11~ npaA,t5ol;ill11~ crr«; napaKu'too nEpt1t'tcOo£t~:

- LUlln'twlla'ta rroo anEtA.OUV 't11 ~w" rou aOe€VOU~

- AVO,YK11 yta 't€PO,O'tl€~ 500£t~ c rpomvnc

- Luv5uaollEv11 EKeEo11 OE KapJ3ullt5tKt~ Kat opvnvoociotpopi-

Kt~ EVWO€t~.

AINITPO<DAINOAEl::

Etvut noA,u 'tol;tKe~ OUoiE~ Kat anoppocpwv'tat an' OA,Ee; 'tt~ 050u~. L'tO onusto EnaCPTJ~ Il€ 'to 5eplla, teStai'tEpa n~ naA.o'IlE~, 511IlWupy€i'tat xrrprvn XPcOo11.

Ot onoueSato'tEpE~ ouotsc 't11~ 01la5a~ au't"~ €ivat:

Dinobuton, Dimeterp, ONOe, Nitralin, Dinoterb.

Ot napancivoo oootec XP11Olllonowuv'tat w~ YEWpytKU cpupllaKa (uuxnroxrovn) Kat oo~ OUV't11P11'ttKa roo l;uA.ou. Axouo; 0't11 I3WIl11xavia.

LVJ.l.1r-rciJJ.l.a-ra

Ncurfn, sueroc, rtovoc o ro unoyao'tpto €ivat ru npw'ta OUIln'tcOlla'ta. L't11 OuvEXEta K€cpuA.aA.yia, EV'tOV11 ECP{eSpooo11, 'taxuKap5ia, un€pnup€l;ia, unEpnVOta, xonvccon, onaolloi, zrveouoVtKO oieS11lla, appu8~{e~, Kw~a.

ME'tU 12-72 cOpEe; aKOA.Oueei 11na'ttKTi Kat V€CPPtKTi !3A,a!311.

Epyao't11ptaKW~ eSta1tto'tcOvE'tat IlE8atlloocpatptvawiu Kat muoA.U'ttKTi ovo.iutu.

@epa1reia

Arroudxpuvon ~E EIlE'tO " nA,U011 Kat XOPtlY11011 av8paKa Kat KaeUp'ttKOU. Annvopeoerut 11 XOP"Ylloll yaA,aK'to~ Kat 6.1.,A.WV A.t1tapcOv OUOlcOV, yta'tt eSt€UKOA.UVOUV 'tllv unoppoCP11011.

166 • ll.l1A11""l1Plaow; J.l.E YEOOPYlKa qlapJ.l.OKO

AVnJ.l.ETcI:mt011 rrov OTC00J.l.WV J.l.E DtO~EnUJ.l.11, xoPitY11011 o~uyoVOU KOl OV'"C1J.l.ETcI:ml011 't'OU EYKEqlOAlKOU OtDtlJ.l.OcOe; o.v unapx,Et.

Tlococnr« 3-5 mg/kg TCPOKUAEi ool3oPit OflAflcflPioOfl,

AI0EIOKAPBAMIAIKA ZIZANIOKTONA KAI MYKHTOKTONA

H EKElEo11 one; EVeDOEle; uu'"Cte; OEV TCPOKOAEi X,OAtVEPytKte; EK011AWOEte;. Oi OUOT11~OTtKte; OflAflc11ptUOEle; stvnt o nrivtsc. LUJ.I.nTw~u'"Co ~TCOPOUV vn TCPOKU\jJOUV uno TOUe; OWAUTE<; (uopovovuvElpuKEe;) oxoo stvm OtUAUJ.l.tvEe;.

1:Vf..Lnrwf..Lara

EnaqJ71 f..L6 ro cSspf..La. Kvnouoc, Epu8TJ~u, EK~J.l.UTOElOlle; OEPJ.l.o'"Cinou txouv nOpuT11PTJElEi OE o.TOJ.l.U TCOU 1'1p8ov OE EnOqlTt J.l.E TO 5tp~u.

Ar71J11J an6 ro o touu, Nuurto , tJ.l.ETOe; Kat Olo.ppOtU. LE OUO J.l.OVO m:ptn'"CeDO'I::t<; EXEl uvoqlEp8d YEqlptK1'1 EKnTOO011 UOTEPU un6 Atl\jJTJ Maneb , LE TCEtpOJ.l.UTO~OOU EXElnEplYPUqlEl J.l.UtKTt nopo.AUOTJ Kat unoElEPJ.l.io. Lol3opt<; KAtVtKte; EKOTJAeDOEle; EXOUV rtnpn'"C11PTJElEi OE All\jJTJ atElUAtKlle; UAK06ATJe; J.l.E'"Co. un6 EKElEOTJ o ru; nopUTCavco OUOtEe;. rIPOKOAEiTat UVciDPUOTJ OVo.AOYTJ ~E aurri nou npOKUAElTat UJt() T11 OUYXPOV11 ATl\jJTJ UAKOOAfle; KOt DtOOUAqltpo.J.l.TJe;,llTOl EpuElfI~O, oioEl11J.l.U 8EPJ.l.OT11TO<;, EqliopCO011, KEqlOAOAyiu, TUX,UKUPDiu, UTCOTOOTJ, cvcotvsuo-cucf DUOX,tPEtU.

@spanc;(a. Arrouri K PUVOTJ J.LE EJ.l.ETO Tl TCAUOfl 0 v TJ TCOOOT11TO stvrn 011J.l.0VnKtl Kat XOPtlY110TJ UVEIPOKU. LUJ.l.TCTCOJ.l.anKtl UYCOYtl yta T11V TCEpinTCO011 TTJ<; UVTiop0011<; UAKOOAfle;OlOOUAqllPUJ.I. TJe;.

H TO~lKOTTJTU TCOV TCupunuvco ououov sivrn XOJ.l.TJATt KUt ortriVtO TCPOKUAOUV OUOT11J.l.OTtKEe; EKDTJAeDOEte;, EVOEtKTtKU OVUqltPETOl on 11 TtJ.l.1'1 LD50 UVUq:lEPETat uno 400mg/kg ECOe; 30,000 mg/kg OE ~eDu.

Ot KUptO'"CEPEC; OUOiEe; ElVUl: Mancozeb, Maneb, Nabam, Probineb, Zineb, Ziram.

or-r ANOAZfiTOYXEl: ENfil:EIl:

rIEptA0J.l.l3o.vouv TCOAAEC; EVWOEte; J.l.E 130.011 opio J.l.EVEC; OUOiE<; oncoe;:

0.) EVeDOEtC; J.l.E J3o.oTJ T11V ouptn J.l.E KUP16't'EPE<; rtc:

Diuron, Linuron, Monolinuron

13) EVeDOEle; J.l.E l3uOTJ TO oupn KUAW:

Bromacil, Lenacil, Terbacil

y) EVWOEle; ~E l3o.oTJ rnv OVIAtv11, oncoe;:

Alachlor, Isopropalin, Propanil

0) EVeDOEle; J.l.E l3o.oTJ TO KUKA1KO 0~E1KO O~U, onooe;:

Bromoxynil, Chloramben, Chlorthiamid, Dicamba, Ioxynil, Picloram

LTCUV1U OUJ.l.130ivouv ool3upte; OflA11TTJPuiOEt<; J.l.E r«; TCUpOrrrivco OUOiEC;.

EpEEItOnKU OUJ.l.n't'eD~UTU O'"CO 8tp~u Kat OTOUe; I3AEvvoyovoi»; eivm TO TCAEOV KOtVU Xopo KT11 ptOTtKU TCOV nEptOoo't'EPCOV nEpm't'eDOECOV. KUTUTC0011 TCPOKUAEt vo.ortc., EJ.l.t.OUe;, EmyooTplKO novo, Olo.ppOtO.

@spansia

rIM011 OqlElOAJ.l.eDV J.l.E o.ql80vo VEPO, OqlElOAJ.l.OAOY1KTt E~E't'OoTJ. ATC0J.l.o.KPUVOTJ TOU qlUPJ.l.UKOU uno '"CO otp~u J.l.E VEPO Kat 00- noUV1. 0EP01tElO '"CTJ<; OEPJ.l.UTiuou<;. 1:E m:pin'"Cooon KOT(l7tOOTJC; J.l.EyaATJe; TCOOOcTJ'tUC; unat.Ehat KEVCO011 't'OU O't0l-Lo.XOU J.l.E EJ.l.E'tO tl TCAUOTJ. METU rnv TCAUOTJ X,0PTtY110TJ UV8pOKO Kat KoElopnK00.

rIpenEl vc AUJ.l.l3uVETOt unoW11 on nOAAo. urco TO. nupuTCo.VCO ~t~UVWK'tOVU DtUAUOVTat OE nE'"CPEAatOEtOll KUt unupx,Et TO EVDEX,OJ.l.EVO npOKATJ011C; nvsuuovtrtdo«; UTC6 OUTU.

Aoirtf uycoYit OUJ.l.nTCOJ.l.OTtKit·

168 • ~TjATj'tTjPlUOEll; IlE YEWPY1KU Q>_u_,_p_,_ll_a_K_a _

or-r ANOXA!!PID.MENA ENTOMOKTONA

H oll-cioa 't(j)V ouotrov uurorv, IlE'tal;u rrov onotcov 'to DDT, eXEt OTjIlWUPYtlOEt 'tEPUO''ttO 1tpo!3ATjIlU uVTJO'uxiae; 0" OAO 'tOY KOO'I . io. H aVTjouxia 1tPOEPXE'tat U1tO 'to ygyovoe; on ot OUO'iEe, nu'tEe; OEV OtuO'1twv'tat Kt E'tcrt O'UO'oroPEUOV'tat 0''t0 1tEptJ}ciAAOV. ITtO''tEUE'tat o n O'1tUVtU Il1tOPEi vn !3pE8ouv Kci'tOlKOl 'tTje, yTje; 1tOU vu IlTjV exouv so reo Kat ixVTJ 0PyuvoXAroptrollevrov EV'tOIlOK'tOvrov o ro At1tOe; roo O'WIlU'tOe; roue, Av Tj xupouotc au'ttl Kat O'E rtotsc 1tOOO'tTj'tEe; etvm exnctvouvn tl J}AU1t'tlKtl YlU 'tOY uv8pro1t0 OEV eXEt 1tAtlProe; OtEUKptvl0'8Ei. :E'tTjV EAAcioa Tj XPTlO'Tj DDT EXEt u1tayopEu8EL U1tO 'to 1972.

~laAuov'tat EUKoAa 0''t0 Al1tOe; KUt roue opvcvncouc OtUAU'tEe;, UAAci OXt 0''t0 VEPO yt' UU"CO Kat Q>EpOV"Cat OtaAUjJ.Eva O'E 1tE"CpEAatoEtOtl. ME"CU rnv U1t0PPOQ>TjO'Tj a1to!3uAAOV"CUt IlE"Cci OtciO'''CTjIlU TjIlEProV tl E!3oojJ.ciorov. Ot KUptO"CEpEe; OUO'tEe; etvm "Co Endosulfan Kat "Co Lindane.

ITEplAall!3civouv vuortc., eIlE"Co, OtEYEpO'Tj, 1tOVOKEQ>UAO, 1ta-' pat08TlO'Ete;, Uouvullia, llutKEe; OUO'1tUO'Ete;, rpouo, "COvtKOUe; KUt KAOVlKOUe; 01taOIlOUe;, U1to"CUOTj, PIl!300 IlUOAUO'Tj, IlE'tUJ}OAlKtl oI;EroO'Tj, xcouu. :E"CTjV UPXtl 1tPOKUAEi"Cat OtEYEpOTj "CTje; UVU1tV0tle; Kat xc.romv KU"CUO'''COAtl. :EE EtO'1tVOT\ 1tPOKuAEi"Cat 1tVEUIlOvinoa a1to 'ta 1tE'tPEAatOEtOT\. EtOtKroe; "Co Lindane EXEt EVOX01t01Tj- 8d ytU 1tpOKATjOTj U1tAao"ClKT\e; cvmutuc.

espa7fsia

~EV U1tUPXEl uvrtooro.

KEVroO'Tj rou O'''COllciXou IlE 1tAUO'Tj KU"Cci nporiuncn, U1tOQ>EUYE"Cat 0 eusror; AOYro ron EVOEXOIlEVOU 'troY 01tUO'llroV. ITpoO'oxT\ crrov Kivouvo EtO'pOQ>TjO'Tje; Kat XTjlltKT\e; 1tVEUIlOvinoae;, AOYro "CTje; oHiAuoT\e; 'toue; O"CO 1tE"CpEAUto. Xoprivncn UV8PUKU Kat Ku8ap"CtKOU. Ku8aptO'jJ.oe; Kat 1tAUO'tIlO "COU U08EVOUe; OE 1tEPl1t"CroOTj IlOAUVO'Tje, rou oepIlU"COe;.

Avriuecromon O'1tUO'llcOV, Q>uPllaKo EKAoyT\e; Tj otCl~E1tciIlTj.

Ta !3apJ}l'tOUptKU XPTjOljJ.01tOlOUV'tat AtyO'tEPO, E1tE10T\ 1tpOKUAOUV IlEyaAu"CEpTj KU"CUO''tOAT\ t ou UVa1tVEuO'''CtKOU.

I::uvtO'.ci.al UAKUAtKT\ OlOUpTjO'Tj. A1toQ>uYl'I xpT\O'Tje, UOPEVEPytKWV uuivorv, AOYro EUCll0'8Tjw1toiTjO'Tje; .ou uuoxupotoo KUt 1tPOKATjOTje; O'oJ}apwv appu8lltcOv. A1tOQ>EUYOV'tCll .poQ>te; jJ.E Ai1tTj (yciAU K.ci.) E1tEtOT\ OlEUKOAUVOUV .TjV U1tOPPoQ>TjO'Tj. H atlloKu8apOTj OEV EXEl U1tO.EAEolla.u.

nAP Arnr A TPIAZINHl:.

:E.TjV KU"CTjyopia uu"Ctl UVtlKOUV UpKE'tEe; OUOiEe;, 1tOU XPTjCJljJ.01tOlOUV"CUt roe; ~t~UVtoK"COVU. ~EV EXOUV uvuQ>Ep8Ei OTjATj"CTjptUostc o-rov uv8pro1t0 OU.E ElttOpUO'Ete; O''tOUe; EpyucrtaKOUe; xropoue;. AAAroO'''CE Tj LD50 OE 1t~tpujJ.u"Co~roa etvm U\jfTjAT\. H wl;tKo'tTj"Cu 'tOUe; Q>atVE.at va stvm xaIlTjAT\. Tlocorrrru a"Cpa~ivTje; 800 mg OE 1tatoi OEV 1tpoKciAEO'E O'ull1t"Cwlla"Ca.

Te"COlEe; ouofsr; ELVat: (KUptO"CEpEe;)

AIlE.pLVTj, A"Cpu~ivTj, ~EO'IlE'tpivTj, ITpoIlE"CP1VTj, :EtIlU~(VT], TEpxourptvn.

LUJ1,7fuiJJ1,a'ra - Beoaneia

:Ee 1tEpi1t.roO'Tj ATrWTje; IlEYUATje; 1toO'o"CTj'tae; cuvie-rnrut Tj nrtoIlU KpUVOTj Kat O'UIl1t"CroIlU.tKT\ uyul'yl'j. EOOHEptKWe; O'E IlgyUAEe; OOOEte; 1tpOKaAouv"Cat jJ.OVO yao"CpEV"CEptKa EVOXATrIlU'tU.

nVPEE>PINEI:

To 1tupE8po stvrn Eva a1to "Ca apxato'tEpa EV"COIlOK'tOVU yvroO'''CU orov uvSpco1to. Tu OPUO''ttKU O'UO''tunKU roo sivm at 1tupE8piVEe;.

~tuKpivoV"CCl1 OE Q>UatKte; 1tupE8plvEe;, 1tOU ElVUt XUjJ.TjAT\e; "COI;tKoTTl"Cae; Kat O'E Ouv8E"CtKee; 1tOU fivat 1tEPtO'O'O"CEPO "Col;tKEe;. EK"COe;U1tO "CTj XPtlO'Tj roue we, EV"COIlOK"COVU, XPTjO'tIlO1totOUV"CCl1 Kat YtU ne; \jfEipEe; "CTje; KEQ>UAite; Kat o nz; EV"C01l0a1tw9Tj"CtKte; 1tAUKE"CEe,.

at 01tOUOa1on::pBC; OUOiBC; stvm: Allethrin, Bioallethrin, Decamethrin, Permethrin, Phenothrin, Pyrethrins, Resmethrin, Tetramethrin.

LU ust 1"(.0 j.l a 'fa

E1taqHl J.l.E 'to o£PJ.l.a urropsi va 1tpOKa1..SOe1 oEpJ.l.a.inoa tOtalrsp« OE £Oaioflll'ta ri rou.u. E11:io"C; OB aAABpytKo. o.'toJ..l.a a08J.1.a, ptYinoa Kat [3pon:htoa.

01 OUV8E't"tK£C; 11:upE8pivBC; tXOUV aO"llJ.l.av'BC; aAAEpYlK£C; opuostc. LE EOW'tEP1K.., J.l.EyUA" An\jl" uzropet va 1tpOKaA£OOUV vnurtu, EJ..I.E'tOUC;, OUippOUl, U7rBPOtEYEPO", o7raoJ.l.ol5c;, J.l.U1K'" 7rapaAUO", oxoruon, 'taXuKapoia KUl 8o.va't0 a7ro aVa7rVEUOnKn rrupUAUO". at ouv8EnKEC; zrpoxuxouv KUl ,,7ra.tKn [3Aul}". O~Eia OllA"."piaon a7ro 7rupEflpivEC; uzropet va 7rPOKA,,8Ei a1tO ouo ru'lKo. 11:OU 11:EptEXOUV 'ta EV.OJ.l.OK'tova uurri , 07rWC; .a 7rapaywya 1tE't pEAaiou.

eepaJrda

Ka8aptoJ.l.oc; rou MpJ.l.a.oe;, Yla'tl J.l.7rOPOUV va 7rpoKaMoouv ol;u 't07rlKO EPE810J..l.O. LB EOW'tEptK.., A"'\jI" ouvioro.rm n a1toJ.l.aKPUVO" J..I.E EJ.l.E'tO n 7rAUO", Xop..,y"on aVflpaKa Kat xurri 'ta UAAa OUJ..I.11:'tWJ.l.anKn aywyn. Avnuercomcn aAAEPYlKWV EKO"AroOBWV.

TPflKTIKOKTONA (Ifovnxooapuuxu)

Aovco 'ne; EUpEiae; xpno"e; OUXva aVU<j)EpoV'tUl An\jlEte; 7rOVrucooupunxcov, 10Uli'tEpa a11:o ru 11:at01o., yUl't! J.l.EP1Ka a7rO au.0. J.l.01U~OUV J.l.E rplo.iKta n «yapIOaK1a».

LE J.l.ByaAO 11:0000't0 t n rpcoxrucotcr ovu EXOUV we; opaonKO ourrtu-ruco 'ta aV'tmnK.lKa [3apcpaplv" n KOUJ.l.aP1VlKa rrupdywya. H 11:EPIEK.IKO'n.a OJ..l.We; OE aV.m"K.IKa ElVa1 7rOAO

J.l.tKP",. 01t0'B a1tanEha1 A"'\jI" Ecpu1tal; 1tOAO J.l.B')'UAll e; 11:000.,,.ae; yUl va 0 pUOOUV.

Ta 't"EAw'"wia XPOVUl KUKAOCPOPOUV av.m"KnKo. J.l.aKpUc; opuo"e; (long acting) .a ozrotu 1tEPU~XOuv Brodifacum Kat Chlorophacinone. 01 OUOlEe; au.£c; opOUV OE J.l.1Kp8e; 1tOOO.,,'tEe; KUl yUl 11:OAO J..I.aKpO XPOVtKO OtUo't"J..I.a.

Euu. Jr n.o tux 'fa

H xupiu opuo" roue ElVa1 " aVn1t"KnKn J.l.E a1to't£AEoJ.l.a 't"V EJ.l.CPo.VW" muoppnvuov J..I.E 'tTl u oprpr] E1tLo'tal;"e;, rnuoppnyiae; a7ro rn OUAa, a11:o 'to 11:E1tnKO, a1to 'to aVa7rVEUO.1KO Kat 7rB'tEXEtWV. Oi EKO"AWOEle; apxi~ouv 24-72 ropEe; J.l.E'to. 'tTl An\jl" Ka1 J.l.7rOPOUV vn OUlPK£OOUV 45 "J.I.£pBe; EWe; 6 J.l.nVEe; yUl 'ta ucKpae; opao"e;.

Bovturtttpunai E:vPr7j.la'fa: TIapaKoAouflEi'tUl 0 xpovoe; 11:pO- 8poJ.l.l}iv"e; one; 24 Kat 48 ropBe; Kat avaAoywe; upvorspn.

eE:paJreia

A7rOJ..l.o. KPUVOTJ J.l.E EJ.l.E.O n 1tAUO", XopnYTJo" o.vflpa xu. XopnYTJOTJ [3naJ.l.iv"e; K, o rcv 0 xpovoe; 7rp08p0J..l.[3iv"e; etvm 11:apa't"E'taJ.l.EVOe;. H oooTJ Kaflopi~E'tUl a7ro 1-5 mg o ru 1tat01o. KUl 5-10 rng ovouc EV"AiKOUe;. H xoP"'YTJO" 'tTJe; 131'taJ.l.ivTJe; K J.l.1tOPEl va 7rapa'tafiEi ylU 11:OAAte; E[300J.l.aOEe; EWe; 4-6 urivsc;

Tlooorrrru 1-1,5 mg aVn7rTJKnKOU umcpn«; opaone; 11:pOKaAEi oo[3ap1'! OTJATJ't" piao" o ru 1ta10la.

TP(J)1('tlKOK"t'OVU IU: (j)(J)O"(j)0POUXo ,!,woapyopo

Aurn ouv1'!flwe; 1tEPU~XOuv CP(J)ocpopouxo \jIEUoo.pyupo OE 11:0- 000"t'0 1011,10. Krrrri rnv Ka"t'U11:OoTJ J.l.E rnv E7riopaon .ou UOPOXAWptKOU O~EOe; 0"t'0 o.oJ.l.axo EKAUE"t'Ul cpwocpivn TJ orroin 7rpOKaAEl 'TJ O"ATJ'tllpiaon. LDso roo cpworpopouxou \jIEUoapyupou: 46 mg/kg.

LUJ.l.7r't"WJ.l.a.a Ka1 fiEpa7rEia [3M7rE qxooqiopo,

XAAKO:E

IIoAAU YEWpytKU cpUPllaKa 1t€pttXOUV EVOOOS1':; xaAKou, 01tW':; 8E1'(KO xar~O (l3opcSty&iEto,:; ·1tOA'to~) " 01;,UXA.roP10UXO xaAKo.

H 8ava't1'\cpopo,:; 0001'\ stvm 10 vouu, m:pi1tou.

LVJ.j.7rTC.oj.taTa

1:E EAacpps,:; 1tEPl1t'tOOOEt~ vuurtu, EJ.LE'tO':; Kat 01Uppma J.L1t0- pOUV va OUJ.L130Uv. LE nMov ool3apE~ m:pl1t'tOOOS1':; EJ.Lcpavii;,s'ta1 atIlOAU01'\ rorv SPU8POKU't'TUPooV IlS utuooompwooptu, uno'tao1'\, oxuouot, 131..0:131'\ ,,1ta'to,:; Kat VEq>pOOV. L'n~ ool3apO'tEp€,:; xrrruO'tU(Jf:t~ 8uva't0,:; urropai va EnsA8st a1tO KcOlla os 24 cOpE~. M1tOpEi va oUlll3si Kat upvorspu cxo VSq>PtKE':; " 1'\1ta't1KE':; S1t1nAoKs,:;.

Bovaovnouxxn evpnuaio: Ta Eni1tEoa 'tOU xaAKou au1;,uvov'tat avuAoya IlE 't1'\ AaJ.Ll3avoIlSVll1tOOO't1'\'W. Ot qlU<J10AoytKS':; 'ttIlE':; O'tOV opo ElVa1 80-140 ug./dl.

(gepa1l:eza

A1tOIlUKPUV01'\ J.LE SIlE'tO" nAuo1'\, aq>ou xop1'\y1'\8e:i yUAa. To 1t10 cSpao'tlK6 qlUPllaKO 1tOU Il1tOPEi vc 1301'\8"oE1 sivm 1'\ 1tEV1K1AAaJ.LiVll (I3U1tE av'tioo'ta). Ko-rc 'ta AOl1tU 1'\ aycoy" stvm ouurrrcouc.rucri. 1:uvi)8co~ npoKaAe:i'tat EIlE'tO~ uxo 'to 8E1tKO XaAKo.

IIOATOI OPYKTEAAIOY

E)8PlVOZ - Xetueotvoi

Etvo.t lliYJ.La aAEtq>a't1Koov Ka1 apoolla'tlKOOV UOpoyovav8pa.KWV. Xpnmuonotouvrm w,:; evrouox rovu. Fie rnv nEpin'tcoo1'\ e:OW'tEP1K"~ A"lJI1'\':; 10XUOUV rc yvooo'tu Y1a 'ta nE'tpEAa10E18i,. 1:E noAA.E,:; nSp11t'tcOoE1':; orouc XElIlEP1VOU~ nOA'tou~ npo08E'tOUV Kat vnpOq>a1VOA£':; (ouvi)8w,:; naipvouv XPcOJ.La Ki'tP1VO). ortore npoo'ti8E'ta1 Ka1 1'\ OPU01'\ ano au'tE,:;.

L'tOU~ 8e:P1VOU':; EVOEXOIlEVW~ npoo'tieEV'tat opvuvoqxooqiopucn, oxore XPEtai;,E'ta1 avuAoy1'\ npooox".

~1'\A1'\'t1'\P1aOE1':; J.LE Y€WPYIKU cpapllaKa • 173

Xl,wP0qlalVOI;EIKU 1tapaycoya

01 OUofE':; 't1'\~ Ka't1'\yopia~ au't"~ cSEV 8EooPOUV'tat 1tOAU 'to- 1;1KE,:;. L.e IlIKPE':; cSOOE1~ stvct EPE810'tlKE':; yta 'tOU':; I3AEwoyovou,:;. 0q>8aAJ.Lou~ Kat MpJ.l.a. EVcO OE lleyaAE~ cSOOE1':; 1tpOKaAOuv OUJ.L- 1t'tcOlla'ta. 01 onOUcSatO'tEPE~ ouotsc 't1'\':; Ka't1'\yopia,:; au't",:; stvat; 2,4,5-TP, 2, 4D, 2, 4, DB, Fenoprop, Mecoprop, MCPA.

LVJ.j.1I:TWJ.j.aTa

1:s nEpin'two1'\ 1..,,\111'\':; ano rou o'tolla'to~ 1tpoKaAsi'tat vnurtu, SIlE'tO':; Kat cS1uppma, iAtyyo~, KEqlaAaAyia Kat napat08,,OE1~. LE 1..,,\111'\ lle:yaA1'\~ 1tooO't1'\'ta,:; napa't1'\Pouv'tat ouonaoEl':; 'twv IlUOOV, I3pacSuKapoia, nVElJIlOV1KO oio1'\lla " uvcrrvsucrucri EK1t'too01'\, 'taxuKapOi~ Ka1 appu8IliE':;. Errionc; EXE1 avaq>Ep8si 131..0.131'\ 'tWV VECPPOOV Kat -eoo "na'to~ Ka1 paI300J.LUOAU01'\ IlE'tU a1tO 1..,,\111'\ MCPP.

1:E Enaq>" IlE 'to oeplla spE8101l0~ Kat 1'\ E101tVO" rcov OU<J100V au'toov 1tpoKaAEl EPE810llO J.Lu't1'\~, q>apuyya Kat I3poyxwv J.LE 13,,xa Kat al081'\J.La xo.uoou.

eepa1l:8ia

Arrouuxpovon J.LE EJ.LE'tO it nAuo1'\, xop"y1'\o1'\ av8paKa Kat Ka8ap'tlKOU. H aAKaAIKn 01OUP1'\01'\ OE nEpi1t'two1'\ o1;,SW01'\':; " paI300J.LUOAU01'\~ EVcSEiKVU'tal.

eava'to~ EXE1 OUlll3Ei IlE Ka'tano01'\ 80 mg/kg, EVW e:1tEi;,1'\OE urouo IlE EvoocpAEl3m xop"y1'\o1'\ 28 mg/kg.

AIA4>OPA rEflPrIKA 4>APMAKA

TEAo,:; napa nOAAa YEoopY1Ka q>apllaKa OEV 'ta1;,lVollouv'ta1 os Kanma ollaoa " Ka't1'\yopia OU'tE a1to nAElJpa~ cSpao1'\~ crov av8pwno, OU'tE nxo 1tAEupu,:; 8e:panEia~ 't1'\':; 01'\A1'\'t1'\piao1'\':;. Ttn OAa aUTa 'ta YEwpytKa cpapJ.LaKa cs nEpin'tcoo1'\ A"lJITI':;" Eniopa- 01'\~ o-rov 6.v8pwno EcpaPlloi;,oV'tat 01 YEV1KE':; apXE':; uvriusrcomOTl~ K6.8E 01'\ATI't1'\piaoTl':; IlE EJ.Lcpao1'\ 0't1'\ OUlln'tCOlla'tlK" aywyr)·

ENTOMOKTONA OIKIAKH~ XPH~H~

LUviJ~_~<; KUKA0CJ>gpouv cs uoprpri O'KOVTj<; tl. O'7rpEt Kat La 7tEPtO'O'ou:pa CO<; 8paO''t"tKa O'UO''t"aLtKa 1tEptEXOUV opvuvoqxooooPtKE<; EVcOO'E1<; (Dichlorvos, ).1ctAa8Eio), Kap~a).Lt8tKt<; EVc.OO'Et<; (propoxur), 1tupE8p{VE<; C:PUO'tKE<; tl. O'UV8ELtKE<;. Tt« LTjV LO~lKOLTjLa '[cov ouotcov au'[c.Ov 10'XVOUV 60'a uvnrpspovrm O'La oucstn KEc:paAUla.

AKO).La 01 81aQ)OPE<; xunvovovsc O'1tEiPE<; Kat .a 1tAaKi8lct 1tOU XPTjO'l).L01tOlOUv.m ylU 'TjV corouu KpUVO'Tj '[COV KOUVOU1tlcOV 1tEP1EXOUV O'uvtl.8co<; 1tupE8pivE<;. E1tl~OAAE'[at va aEpi~E,[(l1 0 XcDpoe 01tOU au.a Kaiyov.at Kat 8EV 1tPE1tE1 vti XPTjO'l).L01t010UV'Clt O'E KAE10"OIJ<; Xc.OPOu<;.

XPTjO'l).L01tOtEi.m O'€ €1taA€l\jfTj 'OU 8tp).La.0<; ro<; €V'O).LOCl- 1tC08TjTtKO (KOUVOU1tla).

H LD50 U1toAoyi~€.at O'€ 2 ypCl).L.!kg. dE80).LEVCl 8TjATj'[TjP1aO'€COV U7t0PXOUV uovo urco 1tE1pa).La.o~roa. LE EO'CO,[EP1Ktl. ).L€yoATj Atl.\lfTj uxopst vn 1tPOKClAEO'€l O'U).L1t'[c.O).LCl,[Cl a7tO KNL (xureO,[OAtl. rl O'7tClO'I.lOU<;).

@epane(a

Axouri KpUVO'Tj IlE E).LE,[O tl. 1tAUO'Tj, O'u).L1t'O)).La.tKrl ayroytl..

KEq:lO:.A.ULO 6

AAKOOAE~

H a1EluA1Ktl. ClAKOOA.Tj XPTjOl).Lo1tolEhm 0)<; 81ClAU'Tj<;, "'C07t\KO «vnorprmco Kat O'"'Ca 1t0"'C0. H at8avOATj yta E).L1tOPIKOU<; AOvoi»; ).LE'OUcrtcOVE.at ).LE 810C:POPE<; OUOiE<; 01tCO<; ).LE ).LE8ClVOATj. '[EP€~tvEltAClto, 1tOU E"'C0'1 ClU~aVOUv "'CTjv '[01;tKO'[11'Cl. H 10'XU<; rcov aAKooAouXrov rtorcov 8ivE.at ouviJ8ro<; O'E vol 0/0, 1tOU 8EiXVE10YKOU<; ClAKOOATj<; O'€ 100 OYKOU<; rto rou.

o J}(8).L0<; proof stvm 8uo Q)OPE<; ).L€yaAuTEpo<; "'C11<; O'UYKEV'[PCOO'Tj<; OE vol 0/0. Enousvcor; 100 proof €ivCl1 50 vol %.

To qxortoruco OlV01tVEU).La EXEl rnv 1tapaKu'[ro ouvElEO'11:

94% 4% 1%

A18uAIKtl. ClAKOOATj M€8uAiKtl. ClAKOOATj I1ETpEAalO TEPE~tvEltAato (vsqrn)

Xpc.O).Lcl

H 8ava"'CTjc:popo<; 800'11 ylct Eva EVrlAtKO stvrn 300-400 ml KClElClPtl<; Cl1ElClvOATj<; (600-800 m1100 proof OU"fO'KU), av ATjQ)80uv O'E AWO.EpO nrro 1 copn ytct d rou« 1tOU 8EV KUVOUV OUO'"'CTj).LCl.tKi) xPitO'Tj·

Tsvucn Tj 8ava"'CTjc:popo<; 800'Tj u1toAoyi~E.at OE 5 g/kg. L"'Ca 7tClt&tU 1 mllkg 1tpOKaA€t O'oJ}api] &TjATj'[11piaO'Tj.

H at8UAtKTt aAKOOATj a1toppoc:po.m 7tAi]pCO<; xrn ypi]yopCl Cl1tO .0 yaO'"'CpEv"'CEPtKO O'roAi)va. ME"'CaJ}oAi~ETCll 0''[0 i]1tap Ka.o 90% 81Cl HI<; o&ou 'Tj<; ClK€'[ClA&€u8Tj<; O€ CO2 Kat H20 ).LE pu8)J.0

1%

8 ml/topn. To 10010 rrsptzroo 'tTI~ aAKooATJ~ anoj)uAABTal avaAAoiuno ano TOU~ VBCPPOU~ xm TOU~ rrvsouovec.

Ta 1tproTaPX1Ku cuurrrcouuru 8TJATJTTJpiaoTJ~ IlB ateaV6ATJ 1tPOSPXOVTat crro TO KNE (suoopfu Kat OTTJ OUVSXBla KaTaOTOAtl).

O~sia 8TJ.A.TJTTJpiaoTJ

EAacpp6:: (aAK06ATJ aillaTo~ 50-150 mg/dl). ZUATJ, BAacppu Bl;aoeSVllOTJ TTJ~ opuonc, BAacppa IlU1Ktl aTal;ia. BAaTTroOTJ TOU XP6vou aVTi8paoTJ~.

Ms'rpic: (aAK06ATJ aillaTo~ 150-300 mg/dl). El;aoetVTJoTJ TTJ~ opuonc, oUYXUOTJ, IlUlKtl BAUTTroOTJ TOU Xpovou aVTi8paoTJ~. aOT6:eBta A6you.

Bapui: (aAKooATJ aillaTo~ 300-500 mg/dl). 'EVTOVTJ IlU1Ktl aTal;ia, aoacptl~ tl 8t1tAtl opuon (8l1tAo:mia), u1tVTJAia. I1oAM~ cpops~ oUIlj)aivBl ooj)ap1') unoyAuKatllia. H U1toYAuKalllia 8sv sfVat aVaAoYTlIlS TTJ oof)apOTTJTa TTj<; 8TJATJTTJpiaoTJ<;. EuvouaOIlSVTJ an6KA10TJ rcov OcpeaAllwv, BKTBTalleVTJ aKall\jfia rcov 6:KPWV, 1l0- V61tASUPO tl aIlCPoTep01tABUPO cnueto Babinski, onuouot Kat TPO- 1l0~. E' aUTO TO onusto uxoost va aUIlf)ouv eUVaTOl. ETTtV ol;eia OTJATJTTtPiacrTt cruxvtl stvrn Tj ambABta eBPllaVTlKOU AOYW TTJ~ rtsP1CPBP1Ki)~ aYYB1081aOTOAtl~. Ttu TO A6yo aUTO ot IlSeUOllevot, av pps80uv oe \jfuXp6 1tBPlf)UAAOV, xtvouveuouv va 1ts86:vouv.

Kroun: (aAK06ATJ ai~aTo~ nuvw uzro 500 mg/dl). AnooAsla TO)v at08tl0ewv, s1tlj)p6:8uvcrTJ TTJ~ uvurrvoric, eAuTTrocrTJ TWV nvTavaKAacrTlKOOV, 1tAtlPTJ<; a1tWABta auvsi8TJoTJ<;. EUXVOTTJTa 8aVUTroV cs TST01S~ 1tBpl1tTOOael<; IlgyaATJ.

H aAKooATJ auxvu npoKaABi crof)aptl unoYAuKalllia, 18taiTepa o'ru j)ptCPTJ Kat 1talOla ocpelAOIlSVTJ aTTJV aVaOTOAtl TTJ<; VSOyAUKoyeveOTJ~. H 1tpOTJYTJ8siaa vno-rstc suvost TTJV ellCPUV10TJ U1toyAUKal!lia~.

Xpovia 8TJ.A.TJTTJpiacrij

A1tOOABta f)apou~, j)AUPE~ TOU T]1taTO~, yaoTpeVTSpiTloa IlS avopel;ia Kal OlUppOla. A1tO TO VBUP1KO coo rnuu: 1tOAUVBUpin8a

. IlB 1t6vou~, onT1KT] urpoofn, 81aVOTJT1Ktl oUYXUOTj Ils a1tWAS1a IlVtlIlTj~, TPOIlO~, Bl;aaetVTJOTj KpioTJ~ Kat a1tOOABta tl Bl;aoesvTJaTJ aAAwv OtaVOTjTlKWV 1KaVOTT]TroV.

Euv8pOll0 aTtpTJOTj~ aKoAou8Bi TTj OTSPTJOTj rrorcov cs aAKOOA1KOU~. Ta 1tASOV svrovc OUIl1tTOOllaTa TOU cuvfipouou OTSPTJaTJ<; stvm 0 TPOIlO~ Kat TO napaAtlPTJlla.

EpyaOTijpWKcl SVprl/-WTa

Enins8a U\jfTJA6TSpa ano 50-150 mg/dl stvm BUPTJlla yta 01- vozrootn oe 1tSPl1tTWOS1<; al;161tOlVWV 1tpal;srov.

I118avtl1tTwcrTJ TTJ~ YAUKOt;,TJ~ TOU aillaTo<;. ETO XPOV10 aAKOOA10llO S1t1j)apl>VSTUt TJ TJnaTlKT] AE1Toupyia.

espanda: O~sia 8TJ.A.ijTTJP{aoTJ (j.LefJTJ)

Azroudxpovcn TTJ~ aAKooATJ~ IlE EIlSTO 1') 1tAUOTJ. H XOPtlYTJOTj uv8paKa OBV tXEl 8spaneUTlKtl al;ia. H aywytl stvm KUpiw<; OUIl1tTWllaTlKtlIlE TTJ 81aTtlPTJoTJ KaAtl~ uvuavonc Ka1 TTJ<; eeplloKpaoia<; TOU ocouuroc. Ttvsrrn Tj 810p8rooTJ TTJ<; ol;erocrTJ~ IlB TTJ xoPtlyTtaTt 81TTaVepaK1KWV Kat YAUKOt;,Tj~ Yla TTJV unOYAUxouun. ETa rrat8ui s181K6: ouo-rnurrtucd 1tapaKOAou8eiTat TJ YAUK6t;,TJ TOU uturrroc. AnocpsuYSTat TJ xoPtlYTJoTJ cpaPllaKwv rtou xuTaOTEAAOUV TO KNE orrw~ Kat rcov «OlSYSPTlKOOV» (xoostvn).

ETTJ 8spa1teia TTj~ ol;Bia~ Ils8Tt~ EXS1 ecpapll008ei Tj CPPOUKTOt;,Tt os sv80cpMf)la XOPtlYTtcrTJ 10% tl ano TOU o-roucerot; OE IlEYUAS~ 800Bl~ (200 ypall.) SnB18tl B1tlTaXUVSl TTJV rrTOOoTJ TTJ~ aAKooATJ<; c ro utuu. I1poKaAei 61lro~ vnurtu, SIlBTO Kat 0l;8roOTJ. AVTSVOE1KVUTal os aa8BvBi~ IlS 8taj)tlTTJ, TJ1taTlKtl I3A6:f)TJ xm unepouptXatllia.

H alllOKU8apaTJ SXBlrrOAl> KaAU arroTeAtolla'w, aAAU onuvtn srvm anapaiTTJTTJ, 6rrw<; aTa nOAl> U\jfTJAU Eni1tBOa at8avoATJ<; oro allla (500 mg/dl). Asv octvsru. va tXSl 8eparreUT1Ktl al;ia TJ XOPtlYTJOTj vaAol;ovTJ~· AVT18sTro~ avacpepeTal on Tj cpAoullat;,eviATJ SXBt KaAu anoTsAtollaTa OB KWlla a1to Ils8TJ·

H 1tSP1SKTtKOTTJ'ta oe oivorrvsuuu IlBP1KWV OlV01tVBUllaTwooov rrorcov stvrn (vol %) TJ 1tapaKu'tw:

Mmipu 3- 6070
Kpo.ctd 10 -14070
'&PIJ,OUT 15 - 18070
AU;:EP 20 - 30070
015(,0 35 - 40070
KOVtaK 38-40070
BOTKa 400/0
T(,lV 40%
Oofo xu 40- 43070 LTlIJ.UVnKij no06H1Ta UA.KOOA.T]C:; nEplixouv at KOA.WV1£C:; Kat TO. apWlJ,aTU.

ME8uA.1Ktl aA.KOOA.TJ - SUA.01tVWj.l.U (Wood Alcohol) - ME8uVOA.TJ H ).1EEluvOA:n a1toppoq)(11"at ypijyopu U1tO TO OEp).1a, .0 avu- 1tV£UO.tKO Kat .0 nE1tTlKO OUOHlIJ.U.

H Elavu't'T[q>opoc:; cSOOT] xouutverm. ME 1tOOOTT].U 60 ml Kat aVCO EXOUV OU).1I3Ei 01 1tEptOOOTEPot Elo.VU.Ot. 0o.vu.0c:; tx£t avu<p£pElei IJ,E 15 ml, 0.1...1...0. £1t£(,T]0£ a.o).1o 1tOU ijmE 500 ml cSt6.A.UIJ,U IJ,£ElavoA.T]C:; 40070. TU<pA.cooT[ oUlJ,l3u{v£t IJ,£ A.ijl.JlT] 10 ml, £vw £X£t uvaq>Ep8£i 1'u<pA.COOT[ ).1£ A.ijl.JlT[ ).1tKpOT£PT]C:; nOOOTT[TUC:;.

H IJ,EyUA.T[ TO(,tKO.T[.U .T]C:; IJ,£ElUA.tKl'jc:; aA.KOOA.T]C:; u1tocSicS£• at 0.0 ori ).1£. 0. 13 OA.lL,£T at O£ <pOp).1tKO O~U Kat <pop).1aA.cS£ucST]. H <pOPIJ,UA.cS£UcST]1tPOKUA.el I3A.o.l3T[ 01'OV U).1<ptI3A.T]01'PO£tcSij. H IJ,£ElUA.1Kij UA.KOOA.T[ 1J,£1'U 13 o A.i L,£T at Kat un£KKplV£1'at IJ,£ I3pucSu pu8- IJ,O O£ 0XEOT] ).1£ TT]V at8UA.1Kij aA.KOOA.T[, Y1' Uu.O Kat T] U1t0130A.i) .T]C:; a1t6 .OUC:; xveouovsc Kat V£<PPOUC:; cStuPKei UKOIJ,U Kat 4 TlIJ.£P£C:; O£ U1tA.ij A.l'jI.Jl1]. L.OV oPyUVt0).10 1tpoKaA.£i I3A.al3£c:; Kupiroc:; c rn 1tUP£YXUIJ,UTWcST[ opvnvn (£K<pUA.tCJT[ ij1tu.oc:;, veoprov, xnpcSto.c:;), I3A.6.I3EC:; rorv 1tVEUIJ,OVCOV, oicST[).1u £YK£<Po.A.OU, I3A.o.l3£c:; OTOV UIJ,q>tI3A.T]O.pOEtcSi) .

O~s[a OT/ArrrTIP(aaT/: KU1'a1tooT[, Et01tVOij ij an:oppo<pT[OT[ erco TO Mp).1U. Ta OUIJ,1t.w).1a1'u upvoov ouvitElroc:; vo. £1J,<puvt080uv Kat o rcuvtn oU).1l3u{vouv 1tOA.U svcopic. Ta 1tPWTU OU).11t1'WIJ,UTa Ssv stvni E10tKo. Kat n:£ptA.alJ,l3uvouv n:ovoK£<paA.O, £).1£.0, 1tOVO OTO E1tty6.0.ptO, cSta.upaxEc:; 1'1]C:; OPU01]C:;. 2:.T[ OUV£XEtu £1J,<puviL,£.at

KUTUOTOA.i) TOU KNL, O~ECOO1] Kat 1'EA.tKa uvunVEUO't'tKij ice.t KUKA.Oq>OP1Kij EKn.cooT]-8o.vu.0c:;. To. ool3up01'£PU ).10VtIJ,U E1taK6- A.ou8u 1'T]C:; o(,eiac:; OT]A.1]TT]piuoT]C:; IJ,£ ).1£ElavoA.T] stvm TUq>A.COOT], 1tapKlVOOVtKO OUVcSPOIJ,O Kat 1tOA.UV£UplTtcSU rrov aKpcov.

Xoovta OT/AT/rT/p(aaT/: LU).1l3uiVEt ouvi)8coc:; uno Xp6VtU sto nvon IJ,E8uv6A.T]C:;. To npw1'o OU).1nTro).1U sivm 1] EKnTCOO1] T1]C:; OPUOT]C:; 1tOU uzcopet vc KaTaA.ij~Et OE TUq>A.COO1].

Eovaarnpunca suotuuxtix: Entn£cSu IJ,E8avoA.1]C:; OTO ailJ,a no.vco uno 50 mg/d! OUVcSEOV't'at IJ,£ ool3apij cST]A.T].T]piuoT]. 2:T]IJ,UV- 1'tKO EUp1]).1U anOTEA.et 1] ool3apij O(,Ero01].

esparrs(a: 'AIJ,£oT[ U1tOlJ,aKpUVOT] IJ,£ EIJ,E1"O ij 1tA.UOT[. AvrtcSOTO yta TT[ 8EpU1tEia TT[C:; cST]A.T[TT[piuoT[C:; ).1E ).1£Eluv6A.T[ ElVUt T] nt- 8UA.tKl'j UA.KOOA.T[. H Ut8UA.tKij aA.K06A.T] £A.UTTWVEt TT[V TO(,tK6- rrrru TT[C:; 1J,£8uVOA.T]C:; uvuo.EA.A.OVTUC:; TO IJ,£TuI30A.tOIJ,6 TT[C:; O£ TO(,tKOUC:; IJ,£Tal3oA.iT£C:; (q>oplJ,aA.cS£i3cST] KUt q>OPlJ,lK6 0(,15) IJ,£ U1tOTEA.EOIJ,U VU unOl3aA.A.£Tut T[ 1J,£8UVOA.T[ un6 .OUC:; V£<PPOUc:;.

Xoprrvnon uno TOU 01'6).1a.0c:;: APXtK6. XOP1]y£iTat 1,5 mllkg UA.KOOA.T]C:; 40% (v/v) O£ XU).16 1tOPTOKUA.toU O£ cSto.o.T]IJ,U 301...£rrtrov. 2:.T[ OUVtXElU 0,5-1 mllkg KaElE 2 wP£C:; E.Ot WOT£ T[ 01"(1.8- IJ,T[ .T[C:; Ut8UA.tKijc:; UA.KOOA.T[C:; OTO uilJ,u va cStu.T]petTat OTO £1ti1t£cSo rorv 100 mg/ dl.

H Ut8UA.1Kij UA.KOOA.T] ).11topd va cSoEid Kat £vcSo<pA.£l3icoc:; (u1tapxouv .t1'otu OKWaOIJ,UTU) .

H cSto.PK£tu TT[C:; 8£pa1tEiuc:; IJ,£ atElavoA.T[ £(,ap.o..at a1tO .0 £1ti1t£cSo 1'T[C:; IJ,E8uVOA.T]C:; 0.0 ullJ,a Kat TT]V O(,ECOOT]. IEv1Ka cStapKEl n£pinou 4-5 IJ,Ep£c:;. TIpoooxij a1tat.ElTat yta TT[V 1t£pi1tTCOO1] TT]C:; unoyA.uKatlJ,iac:; rroo uzropet va npOKUA.EOEl T[ at8UA.1Kl'j aA.KOOA.T[, tcStaiT£pa 0.0. 1tatcSta.

Ftvsrru cS10p8rooT[ TT]C:; O(,ECOOT[C:; Kat XOpT[YOUV1"at uypo. Y1a va un6.PXE1 cStOUPT[OT[. 2:E 1t£pinTCOOT[ czruouorv ij un£pcStEYEPOT]C:; XopT]Y£lTat cStaL,£1to.lJ,1] i) l3apl3l1'ouptKo.. Aiuoxnanpcr; sqxrpuoL,£.Ul o ruv T[ o.aEl).1T] TT[C:; IJ,E8uVOA.T[C:; stvrn navco an6 50 mgzdl, OTUV unaPXEt l3apto. O(,EroOT[ ij V£<PPtKij av£napK£tu. H e.iuoxriOo.pcr; stvm Un01'EA.£OIJ,UTlKij.

2:.T] XPOVLU cS1]A.1]TT[piuo1] OUVtOTo.Tat 1] UnOlJ,aKpUVoT[ u1t6 1'0 xwpo EK8EOT[C:;.

Tloovvcoon: Le o1;e{a OT]A;TFT]piaaT] T] Bvnotuornru <pElUVEt 'to 25-500/0, EVro 01. l3/"'uI3E'; 'tT]'; opccnc OU01(o/"'U a1toKuElio'tuv'tut J,.I.E'tU J,.I.ia-'el3ooJ,.l.u-oa;------

Icro1tponu/"'lKlt Kal N-ITponu/"'lKij aAKooAl1

H tOO1tP01tUAtKTl a/"'KoOAT] XPT]CJlJ,.l.OnOtEt'tal os OlU<pOPE'; AOOlOV Kat CD~ KaEluplO'ttKO Kat T] N-1tP01tUAlKTl aAKOOAT] XPT]Oluonoisrrrn 0'tT] I3wllT]xavia. AU'tf.~ oi aAKOOA£~ etvm nsptnou OUO <popt~ mo 't01;lKB~ U1tO 'tT]V ul8UAlKTl aAKOOAT].

1:VIJ.7rrWlJ.ara

To, OUJ,.I.1t'trolla"w stvnt 1tUP0Il-OW Il-E au'tu 'tT]<; Ul8uAlKTl~ aAKOOAT]~ Il-E 1tEptOOO'tEpT] BV'WOT].

E1ti1teoo aill-a't0~-150 mg/dl ouvooeue'tUl a1to l)a8u KcOll-a.

nAUOT] Tl1tpOKAT]OT] eusroo eocoun Kal nv txet1tEPUOEl topu, XOPTl'YT]O'Tl uvSpaKu. ~ta'tTlPT]OT] ap'tT]pluK"~ 1t{EOT]~. rAUKO~T] evoo<pAEl3iCD~, OtopEloooT]T]AeK'tpoAu'trov KUl oc,EOl3aolK"~ Woppomuc. LE l3aptu OT]AT]'tT]piaoT], T] atll-OKuEiapoT] exel eoupuovn.

rAYKOAEI:

H Buvu'trupopo«; oooT] 'tT]'; at8UAEYO'YAUKOA1"\~ eivat 1tI:.pt1tOU 100 vpau., svco 't1"\~ OlatEluAevo'YAuKOAT]~ 15-100 'Ypall-. XpT]CJtJ,.l.Ortotouvrrn oo~ uvrupuxrucd o tu rnrroxtvn'ru, o ru u'YPu opsvcov Kat o'tT]l3wJ,.I.T]xaviu. H Ut8UA£VO'YAUKOAT] Kat oi eo tspsc; 'tT]~ o rov oP'YaVtOJ,.l.O J,.I.E'tal3oAi~oV'tut OE 01;UAtKO oE,u, 'to orroto mO'tEUE'tUt o n J,.I.1tOpEi va 1tui~et POAO o tu 'tOC,tKU qicrvousvu.

1:VIJ. 7rrwlJ. at a

To, apXtKU OUIl1t'troll-a'ta (30'-12 copse) oa J,.I.eyUAE<; oooet~ stvm ru {ota J,.I.I;: 't1"\<; OT]AT]'t1"\piuoll~ urco aAKOOAT]. L'tT] OuveXEta

~T]/..,T]'tT]puIoet~ ue ola<popE~ XT]lllKt.; ouotsc • 181

(12-36 roPE~) EJ,.I.<pavi~ov'tat sueroi, KUUVooOT], Ke<puAaAyia, rnXU1tvota, 'taxuKapoiu, u1to'taoT], 1tVEUIlOVlKO oioT]J,.I.u, J,.I.UlK" U1tEProviu, /"'TlSapyo~, uvouptu, a1tcO/"'ew utoEl"oeoov us oxuouocc. Y1tOyAUKUtJ,.l.iu u rcopst va oUIl-I3Ei, uxouu oc,aAoupiu Kat muurouptu oo~ KUt OC,f.CDOT]. ®avu'to~ urropsi vu e1tt/"'SEl or«; 1tPro'tE~ rope~ U1tO uvunvsuo ruoi f.K1t'tCDOT] " U1tO 1tVEUIl-0VtKO oiOT]uu. OAtyoupia ell-<pavi~e'tat Il-e'tu 12 cOpe~ 1tOU unopsi vo eE,e/"'tXElEi os uvouptn. AoElevei~ 1tOU f.XOUV 1tupa'tEWOIl-EVO Kroll-U " o1taoIlOU~ uxopst vu sucuvtcoov 1l1"\ uvuor ptWlllE~ EYKeq>uAtKE~ I3Aul3e~. Y1taol)eo'ttutll-ia KUt rsruvtu, CD~ U1tO'tEAEOI,W OEousuonr; rou aol)eo'tiou, urcopst va UKOAou8"oet OT]AT]'tT]piuoT] a1to atSUA£VOyAUKOAT]. ME'YUA£~ OOOEt~ YAUKOAT]~ uztopst va ztpoKaAtoouv atIl-OAt;'OT]. TEAo~ c mv 3T] <puoT] (2-3 nuspec) 1tapu'tT]pstrm em1tJ..tov vsopucf I3Aul)T].

EpyaCHTlPWKa cvp7}lJ.ara

L'ta oupc 1tapa'tT]pEi'tat1tpoo'te'lvoupia, Kpuo'taA/"'oupia (oE,aAtKOU aol3eo'tiou), epu8pu uiuoorputpic., 1t'troOT] YAUKO~T]~ utuuroc, 1t'tcOoT] olHavEipaKtKcOv. rAUKOA'Tl aill-a'toc; 50 mg/dl " rrePWOO'tEPO U1tOOT]AO{ OT]AT]'tT] ptucn.

@cpa7rcia

AnOJ,.l.UKpUVOT] J,.I.e 1tAUOT] " susro, xopi)YT]OT] uv8paKa. L'tT]V atElUAEVOYAUKOAT] oo~ uv'tioo'to XPT]OlIl-01tOlEl'tat a1to 'to o roun 'tl~ 1tpcO'te~ 8 cOPE~ T] atElUAlKi) aAKoOAT] cs OOOT] 0,4-0,6g/kg oe OtUAUll-a 5-10%/2oopo (4 <popt~)" OE EVOOq>AElltU o't<l'YOT]V BYXUOT] 0,1 mllkg 'tT]V copn OE OtaAUJ,.I.a 5%. H UAKOOA1"\ 1tpe1tet vu ooSEi ru; 1tpro'te~ 4-8 cOpEC;. H atSUAlK" aAKOOAT] eJ,.l.1tOOi~Et 'to ll-e'tal3oAtO J,.I.O 'tTl ~ 'YAUKOAT]<; OE 'tOE,tKOU~ IlE'talloAhe~.

L'tT] olapKEtU xOP"'Y1"\o1"\~ 't1"\~ atElUAtK1\<; UAKOOA1"\C; 1tpt,1tEt va napuKoAouSei'tUl 1"\ YAUKO~T] Kat T] UtElUVOA1"\ rou utuuroc, rAUKOVtKO aol)t,o'tlO (10% OU1AUIl-U) evoo<pAel3{CD~ 't000 000 stvnt a1tapa-L'tT]'to va Ota't'TlPT]8Ei KUVOVtKO 'to aol3to'tlO 'tOU opou, Tin rnv oE,too01"\ Ot't'tUVElPUKtKO vurpto,

E:rci anOUOta~ ve<pptK"C; I3Ao.131"\<;, ooOll-oo'ttK1\ OWUpT]01"\ 'Yta a1tol3oA1\ 't'Tl<; yAUKOATl~.

182 • ATJA:rp;TJPuiO'e1(; us 016,<popee; XTJIl1KSe; oootsc

KuA.6, uno'(eMO'~u'(u oive1 TJ Ul~oK6,8upO'11 os l3uptE<; KU'(uO''(uO'et<;. Ttn ,(TJV unoyA.UKUllliu OE~,(PO~TJ 50/0 evooq>A.E[3iw<;. Tur roue; _Q_rruO'~Qu<; ¢Hl~enq,Il11.

'Exouv XOP11YTJ8ei IlEyUA.E<; OOO'Et<; I3n, B, Kat B6 I'm vc uno,(PE\jfOUV '(0 IlE'(UI30A.tO'~6 '(11<; yA.UKOA.11<; O'E ,(O~lKO 0~UA.1KO o~U.

AKETONH

Xpncnuonrnstrrn W<; OmA.U'(tKO ~EO'O Kat I'm rnv «rrouuxpovO'TJ rrov XPWO''(tKWV uno ru VUX1U.

kUf..LTCTWj,WTa

H E10'nvoi) U KE,(OVll <; npoKuA.ei epE810' J.LO rrov I3poyxwv J.LSXpt nveu~ov1KOU otoi)~u'(o<;. LE EO'W,(EP1Ki) A.i)\jfll npOKUA.e1 yuO',(PEV'rEptKU q>UtvO~EVU, [3puounvOlu, I3puouKupoiu, un08Ep~iu, Suvu'(o. MEyUA.11 oOO'11nPOKUA.e1 unepyA.uKatJ.Liu. I100'O'(1l'(u 200 ml SEWpEi'(Ut E1tlKiVOUV11 Kat Y1U TU nUlOtU 2-3 mllkg.

0spaneia

XOP1\Y11O'll o;uyovou, ,(EXVll'(1\ nvnxvori, npOKA.11O'11 E~E,(OU 1\ nA.uO'11 O''(OJ.LUxou O'E EO'W,(EPtK1\ A.i)\jf11, xopi)')'11O'11 UV8PUKU, unoO''(11PllKnK1\ uycoyi).

KA YI:TIKEI: 0 YI:IEI:

Tn O~EU Kat ot oootsr; rro» EXOUV KUUO''(tKi) OPUO'll oncoe; '(u O;EU, XPllO'tIlOTC010UV'(at O'uxvu 0''(11 [3WJ.L llxuviu, O'TU spvc ornptU w<; uvnopUO'l'i)P1U Kat 0''(0 o rrtt t W<; KUSUp10'TtKa. Ot OllA.ll- 1'1lPtaO'e1<; OEV etvm O'nav1e<;, xopto»; un6 U~tA.EtU (Tuxuie<;) Kat A.1yOl'epO uno eO'KEJ.LIlEVll A.1\\jfTj (UVtOKl'OvlU). Tn O;EU KUl'UO'l'PEoouv roue; 10'TOU<; ~E unweEiu<; OPUO'TJ.

kUf..LnrWf..Lara

EaWTspIKrJ ArJllf'T'/: 1ll0[3epo<; KUUO'l'lKO<; xovoc 0'1'0 O'l'OIlU, 1'0 q>upuyyu Kat '(0 E1t1y6.O'l'PtO ~E I3A.EVVOatIlU'(TJPO cuero Kat OlUPP01U us npoO'J.Lt~11 ui~Ul'Qe;. I1l'WO'11 '(11<; niEO'll<; Kat YEV1KU e1KOVU nEp1q>EptK1\<; KUKA.Oq>OptKi)C; UVEnUpKe1Ue;. AO'q>UKl'tKU ouwouevc uno oi011~U 1'11<; yA.wnioue;. Fupro O'TU XEtA.11, 0'1'11 0''(0- J.LUnKTl KOlA.O'tlll'U Kat 1'0 q>upuyyu nUpUl'11POUVl'at A.eUKEe; upX1KcO<; Kat KUl'OmV q>atE<; i) J.LeA.UvE<; EO'XUPE<;, rrou o rnv nEpinl'won rou vrr P1KOU O~EO<; nu{pvouv Kil'PlV11 unOXPCOO'll. 0 8uVUl'o<; J.Lnopei vc EnEA.8Et J.LEO'U O'e A.iyee; cOpe<; uno 1'0 EVTOVO shock i) IlEO'U O'E 1-2 24wpu uno OtUl'PllO'11 1'0U O'l'O~UXOU i) TOU otoooriyou. Ll'llV nepinl'coO'll UUTi) ~e'(a. uno nupo01Kij uvaV11\jfll UKOA.OU8Ei rruperoc, oriueto nEptl'oviTtOU<;. Errtonz; EXOUV nupul'llPllSei atJ.L0A.U<Jll, O~ECOO'll, oml'apu xEe; llA.eKTpOA.ul'COv. Eriv 1'0 .6;wIl0 em~ijO'e1ll m8uvOl'11l'U O''ttvCOO'll<; 1'0U 010'0q>UYou ij 1'0U rruA.COPOU stvm J.LeyUA.11.

Etorrvof O'KOV11e; o~twv ij KUUO'l'tKWV csptcov npoKuA.ei l3ijXu, EVl'OVll Suoqicpin, Keq>uA.uA.yiu, ~aA.11 KU1 IlETa. 6-8 cOPE<; evenTu;11 nVEullOVtKOU OlO1\~Ul'O<;.

BA.6/3T'/ TaU 8Spf..LaTO~: Tn O~EU npOKUA.OUV EVl'OVO xovo J.LE O'Xll~Ul'lO'IlO Ki'rP1VCOV ij IlEA.UVcOV EO'XUpWV.

BA.U[311 O'l'U J.LUl'lU npOKUA.OUV UKOJ.LU Kat UPatCO~EVU, orro»; oi011IlU IlEXP1 KUl'UO'l'pOq>ij<; 1'0U KEpUl'Oe100U<; ~e OUKPUPPOlU, CPCOl'ocpol3iu, novo.

Xp6VlO 81]A.1]T1]pfaa1]: Kupiox; uno e10'nvoij O'KOVll<; ue KUUo rucd npOKUA.E1l'at ola[3pcoO'11 TCOV OOVl'1cOV IlE VEKPCOO'lll'll<; yvuSou, XPOVlO<; I3TlXu<; KU1 O'uxvEe; npoO'[30A.E<; rrvsuuovtuc. EniO'11<; nupuT11P1\811Kuv yUO'l'pEVl'ep1KE<; OlUl'UPUXE<;.

0spansfa

EaWTSp!KrJ A.rJlJf1]: Azruvopsuerrn 11npOKA.llO'11 ellETou ij nA.UO'TJ O'l'OIl6.xou ytU 1'0 q>0130 Olal'PllO'Tj<;. Anuvopeus-cut EniO'TJ<; TJ XPijO'11 UA.KUA.1KWV W<; UVl'tOOl'cov. H npoO'nUeE1U urromconst O'l'TjV cpctcoon '(ou o;toe; '(UXU'(U'(U IlE nOO'Tj VEPOU " KUA.Ul'EPU yUA.UK'(Oe; os noO'o'(Tj'(ee; rrou xuuutvovrcn uvaA.oyu J.LE l'TJV TJA.tK{U, uno

30-120 ml cnu 1tatOta Kat 60-240 ml orouc E:Yr[AiKOU';. M£PtKOi ouVlO'tOUV £tpuPI-LOYll otvoyaorpucoo oroATlVa "flU 'tT1V a1tOllaKpUvoT1 1tooo'tT1'tJ]'.'; roo O~EO';O"£ 1tE:pi1t't{ooT1 ATll.VT1'; l-LE:yaAT1'; rrooo-crrruc.

TeVlin! ueioo: ita 'tOY novo, 1talloi1tova. Avrurctcomon roo shock, ota'tTlPT1oT1 sA£u6sPT1<; nvunvoric, pu6l-LtaT1 T1A£K'tPOAU'tWV, UOU'tO<; Kat o~£OJ3aCllKti.; tooppomo.c. Fin 'tOY Ku60ptOI-Lo 'tOll J3a61l0u Kat 'tT1<; EK'taoT1<; 'tT1<; J3AuJ3T1'; o rov oiooodvo vtverm 01- ootpaYOOK01tT1 0T1 svcoptc.

Av ll1tUPX,OUv E:VO£i~£l'; OtaTPlloTl<;, anocpSUYE:Tat T1 X,OPTlYT1- all OTtOTl1tOT£ ano roo OT0I-LU'W<; Kat 11 X,£lPOllPY1KTl £1tEIlJ3aoTl 8£rop£i'tat1tl8avTl. H X;oPTlYTloll KOPTtKOOTSPOE:10roV ouvTl8ro<; yivsrrn rrpo rcov 48 corxov. AVTEVO£l~l1 Yla 'tll x,0PTlYT1oit roue unoTSASt 11 uuroppavta ana 'to nvdrrspo 1t£1t'tlKO OUO'tTlIlU Tl £VOSt~E:l<; PTl~l1'; oicoocvoo it O'tOIlUX,Oll.

Erracpr1 IJ,6 ta iuitta: Ellvlo'tu'tat 11 UIlSOTlnAuoTl rcov uo.ncov IlS atp60vo vspo Yla IS' xm ue ru J3Mcpapa uvoucrri. ETll OllVEx,sla UIlEOTl IlE'tUCPOpU os ocp8aAlliu'tpo. Anayop£uE:'tat T1 XPitoll XT11-L1KOU av'tloo'tou (aAKaA1Kou),

Erracpr1 IJ,6 TO Seoua: IlAUOtl-L0 Ils utp60vo vepo. AVTlI-LE'tWrnon Tll<; J3AuI3Tl<; w<; £YKaullaTo<;.

Btanvon: 0Epan£ia 1tV£UIlOV1KOU OtOTlI-LUTO<; KUlTOU shock. 0£punEia rrveuuovtac; I-L£ aVTlJ3tOTlKU.

Xpovia OT/A..T/TT/piaoT]: Aztoudxpuvcn uno 'to Xropo EK8£oTl<;.

IIpoyvCOOT/

M£YUAO<; ap19llo<; uno ooouc rtufpvoov KaUOTlKE<; ouotsc nE6aivouv OE: A(YO x,povo. 0a.vaT01 olll-Ll3aivouv Kat IlS'tU 2-4 E1300- IlUOE:<; uno xeprcovmou. Azto TOU<; £nL~rovT£<; Il£YUAO rroooo ro cvurrtucoouv OTEVWOn TOU oicoodvo» Tl TOll nllAwpoU.

Ta onOUoaton:pu o1;t.a sfvni: Vl'tP1KO, 8£lLKO (131TplOA1) KUl UOPOXAWP1KO (uxoucrpoprs).

O!;ta 0pYUVIKO,

Ta 0PYUV1Ka. o1;l:':u t.XOUV a06EVEOT£PTl T01tlKTl opaOT1 a1tO ro uvopvcvc Kat I-L0VO O£ nllKVU OlaAUIlU'tu npOKUAOUV J3AUI3s<;. Ta OllV118EOTEpa stvni:

T01tlKU EV'tOVO ai08nI-LU KaUOOll Kat rrovou 0't0 o-rouo., TOV oto otpuvo Kat 'to o'toIlUX,O, EIl£'tO<;, Il£P1K£<; tpOPE<; I-L£ ail-La. Kat Y£V1KU OUI-L1t'tWl-La'tu 1tOll ocp£iAoV'tat ern OEOI-LWOT] TOU uoJ3£o rtoo TOll uil-La'tO<; ano -rn 0~aA..1KU I-LE anO'tSA£OIlU llnaoJ3£O'tlatI-Lia 1tOll £KOllAWVE'tatnOAU evcop«; ue Illl1KE<; ouonaO£l<;, AapuyyoonaOI-LO, J3paollKapoiu, 't£'tUV1KOU<; onaoIlOU<;. T£ALKU UKOAou8£i Krolla Kat 8UvaTO<;.

B6parrcia

IlAUOn O'tOl-LaXOll us uoJ3S0TlO DOrop Tl Il£ OKOVT] KlllwAia<; (2 KOU'tUALU 'tT1<; oODna<; OKOVT1<; O£ VEpO) Yla 'tlll-L£'ta'tponTl roo O~uAtKOD O£ aouiAu'tO o~aAlKo aol3so'tlo, x,OpnYnoll acp80vwv uyprov Kat yta TU OUIl1t'tWIlU'ta Tll<; U1tUoJ3atOTlatllia<;, £VOOCPA£I3iro.; YAllKOVt KO UOJ3EOTlO 10070. AOtnn ayroYTl onro<; o tu nvopyava o~E.a.

To Ka6apo £iVUlnOAD KUUO'ttKO. To ~iOln£ptE.X£13-60?0 O!;lKOD 0!;E.0<;.

LVIJ, xttbuara

Tomxd ano 'tOY £p£8101l0 KUl m8avw<; shock. E'tov opvuV10llO o£v npoKaA£i oc,Eroon ytaTf KU'tU TO I-L£TaJ3oAloIlO TOU napayOVTat av9pUK1KU <iAaTU.

Oeoaneia

IlADOTl YlU TnV unOIlUKpuVOll, Olll-LnTrollaTlKn ayroyTl.

Xpnouiorrotouvtut 01'T] 131.01l11x,aviu ')'lU 1'l1V rrUpaOKEUTJ OUrrOUV10U Kal Ka8ct"ptdfiKWV Kat o1'a X,111l1Ka £pyaO't'l'tpla. ~T]AT]- 1'l1PUla£1(; oUlll3aivouv OX,l arravlU, AOYLO 1'T]~ aUXvTJ~ x,PTJaT]~ 1'LOV napu1t(lvw.

Tu aAKaA1Ko. KaU01'1Ko. OTUV Bvw90uv IlB TO Aino<; cST]lllOUPvouv oo.nwve<;, Il£ uno1'EABo J..lU I3AaI3B~ rroo npox,wpouv oe 130.- 80~ aTOU~ npoal3el3ATlIltvou~ lOTOU<;. TE1'Ote~ ouotsc eivm 1'0 ucSpoi;BicS10 TOU KaAiou (KUU01'1Kii no1'aoaa), TO ucSpoi;£icSl.O 1'OU vc rptou (KaUa1'1KO Vo.1'P10) x.d ,

l:VJ..ln.Wf..taTa

H soorcspuoi ATJ\jIT] EX,£l w~ UnOTEAealla eYKaUIlUTa orn x,£iATj, YAwaau, I3Aewoyovo aTOJ..lU1'o~ Kat 0100<Po.yO. Mrropst vti OUJ..l- 130uv BYKaUJ..lUTU orov oicoouvo x,wpi<; va uno.px,ouv 01'0 o roun. Aia911J..lU xuuoou KU110X,UpO~ rrovoc a1'O a1'OIlU, 1'0 <papuyyu Kat 1'0 aT6J..lux,0, EJ..lBTO~, cSuippOla Kat collapsus. 0 EJ..leTO~ sfvm I3AeVvouumrnpoz; Kat uspucsc; <pOPE~ nBpttx,el 1'J..lTiIlU1'a I3Aevvoyovwv. L1'11V upx,Ti ax,11J..lu1'i~ov1'at AWKconE~ Kat J..l£1'o. xuornvoqxnsr; eAKWOB1~. Biix,u~ Kat «vcnveooruoi cSuax,Ep£la uno oicS11lla 1'11~ YMD't'- 1'icSu<;. 0 8avuTo~ uzropst vu €nEA8£1 usou a£ Aiye~ wp£~ uno 1'0 collapsus. Mrtopet vo: uKoAou9Tiaouv 11E1'o. 2-4 11J..lEP€~ EV1'OVO~ noVO~ KUl aUJ..ln1'wJ..la1'a collapsus uno cSui't'P11a11 a1'oJ..lo.x,ou Ti oioo<payou. M€yo.Ao rroooo ro an6 roix; cSla<puyov1'B~ 1'0 8avu1'0 avarrruooouv O1'Evwa11 ron oicoocvoo J..l£1'u uno J..liiv€~.

A vanvsvoTZlCO: BAal311 1'wv rrvsuuovrov J..l€ cSuonv01a Kat BVO£X,OJ..lEVCO~ nVEUJ..lOV1KO oi011J..lU u-ropst vn aUJ..ll3ouv O£ eiorcvori KaU01'1Kwv.

BAa/3TJ uavuov: OicS11IlU KUl KU1'aa1'po<pTJ roo K£PU1'O€lOOU~ J..l€ novo, oaKpUPPOtU, <pw1'o<pol3iu.

EnaqJ1} J..lS TO DipJ..la: ~wn£pva 1'0 OEPIlU I3puOECO~ Kat Y1' uuro 11 131..0.1311 £i;up1'o.1'at nzro TO x,povo €niopaa11~.

eSpa neia

EOOJTspuCr] Ar]tj!TJ: Ano<puyTi npoKA11aTj~ BJ..lE1'OU KUlnAua11~ a"tollax,ou ytu "to <pol3o J..l€yaAU1'£pTj~ I3Aul3T]~ Ti cSla1'p11a11~. I'm 1'TjV

allBOTj upofcoon X,OP11YOUIlB vspo ii yaAu O£ rrooo1'Tj1'£~ 30-120 ml Y1U natcSla Kat 120-240 ml yw eV11AIKoU<;. Azcvopsosrm n x,oPrlYTJOTj Oi;1VOU UV1'1cSo1'ou yta 1'l1V e1;,oucSe1'EpCOOT] TCOV aAKaA1KWv. Emonc cSev x,0p11yeLTat o.V8PUKU~, cS161'1 cSev stvnt unoTeAeolluT1KO~ Kat evcSex,oIlEVw<; urropst vti cSpo.a£1I3AurrT1Ko.npoKaAwvTa~ suero. TEAo<; uzropet va cSuax,epo.vel rov eVcSOOK01t1KO EAeyXO us TT]V oioorpo-yoo xorcnon, Mspucot OUV101'ouv TT]V £1OaywyTi o ro a1'Ollax,o Aerr1'ou KugeTijpa.

Oiooomrco xoxnon: :EUV1OTo.Tat va yive1'at otooqiuvoo xon11a11 Tl~ npw1'e<; 24 wpe<; yw rov Ku90PtallO T11~ EK1'uaTj<; Kat 1'OU l3a81l0u 1'COV I3Aal3wv, rroo BK1'O~ 1'T] ~ cStUYVW01'1KTi ~ 9a Exel xui xpovvcoo rucn aTjllaaiu.

H aliia TOW xootucoo-ceooeiocov 01'11 8epune1u Kat 1'11V npoA11\jfTj o rsvcocscov cSev Ex,el 1'eKIl11Plwgei. LuvTi9w<; x,oPTjyoUV1'al uno 1'TjV apx,rl, eKTO~ UV uno.px,ouv evcSeii;el~ ')'lu cSlo.TP11a11 Ti urrdpx,el rnuoppnvtu TOU uvcorspou nenT1Kou ouo ttiuuroc. XOP11YOUVTatnauolnova Y1U rov novo, aVTllleTwni~eTat 1'0 shock KUl pu8- lli~ov1'at 1'U uypo. Kat 01 11AeK1'poAu1'e~.

Enarpr] ue xa tuiiux: ITAUatJ..lO TCOV J..lanwv u.s 1'pexouJ..l£VO vspo yta 15' Kat a1'Tj OUV~X£la ue cSto.AUJ..lU <pumoAoY1KOU OPOU Kat 0<p9UAJ..lOAOY1Krl e1;,t1'aa11.

Enarpr] ue TO DipJ..la: ITAU<J1J..lO us aw90vo vepo J..lEXP1~ oroo unolluKpuv8ei 1'0 o.AKUAl.

IIpoyvOJOTJ

'Evuc; up18J..l6~ uno nurouc rtou AUJ..ll3o.vouv aAKuAl ne8uivel 1't~ npw1'e<; 24 WpE~. 0o.va"to~ uno nepl"tovl1'lcSU uztops] va aUJ..lI3Bi Kat J..le1'a uxo upKe"tE~ 11J..lEpe~. Le U\jl11AO rtoooc'ro rcov em~wv1'wv avan1'uoae1'at o rsvcoon rou oto orpdvou.

01 I3Ao.l3e~ o rov Kepu1'oelOrl urcopst va stvrn J..lOV1J..l£~.

H uuutovtu (NH3) stvrn UEPlO a1'11V KUVOV1Krl 9£PJ..loKpaaia, svco 11 uYPTJ cuucovtc sivm 1'0 ucSpo;eicSl.O 1'ou UI-LJ..lCOVIOU ztoo ztspttxel 25-290/0 NH3• H 9uvU1'11<POPO<; cSoaTj 1'11~ uYPrl~ uuucovtnr;

stvm rrsptrrou 30 ml (nuxvo-rnru 25 0/0). H uuucovtc 'tOU rpupuuKetOU stvm rrsptnou 5-101170.

Eoorrspuoi Al1\jlll uuucovtc«; rou <puPllaKc:iou (5-101170) OUVl1- 8co~ cc:v 7tPOKUAc:i onoucaiu oUlln'tc.Ollu'tu, c:vc.O 11 7tUKVTl (> 101170) svrovo novo o-ro O'tOIlU, 'TO <pupuyyu Kat 'to O'tOIlUXO, ~nXU, tllC:'TO Kat collapsus. Epc:8101l0~ rcov xveouovorv 1lC: nVWIlOVtKO oiclllla urcopsf vc avu7t'Tux8c:i Kat 1lC:'tU 10-24 c.Opc:~. ~tU'tPlloll oloo<puYOU-O'TOIlUXOU unopet VU oUIlI3c:i upvorsp«.

Elonvor,: Auucovto os llc:yuAllnuKvo'tll'Ta 7tpOKaAc:i c:pc:8t- 0110 'TCOV 0<p8uAllcOv, rcov cvorrspcov UVU7tVC:UO'T1KWV ocwv IlE 1311- Xa, c:pc:8101l0 o rouc-coc Kat <pupuyya. Av n 7tUKVO'tll'TU stvut IlEYUAll 7tPOKUAd O{CllIlU XC:1AEWV, l3upo~ O'TO 8WPUKU Kat nVED- 1l0V1KO oiCllllU.

E7tu<pn 1lC: 'TO ctpllU 7tpOKaAc:i svtovo EpE8l01l0 Kat EYKUUlla. Enarpr, JU:; Ta tuitux: 'Evrovoc EPE8101l0~, 7tOVO~ Kat 80AWon 'tOU KEPU'TOE1COU~. Apvorspc urropst vu npOKUAEOc:t nrpo<.piu UIl<PtI3AllO'tPOEto06~ Kat xuruppdx-rn.

@gpam;(a

Ioxuouv con uvnrpspovrru O'TU UAKUAEU

AEPIA

MovoE;tic'ho rou 6:V{lpUlW (CO)

~llAll'TllPtUOEt~ urco llovo(,E10to 'TOU uv8puKa oUlll3uivouv uxouc O'Tn xwpu Ilu~ U7tO 'tll XpnOll IlUYKUAtc.OV Y1U 8tplluVOn n U7tO 8EPIlUO'tPE~, to{w~ 7tE'tPEAUiou, OC: KAE10'TOU~ xwpou~, oruv O'tEPOUV'tat u£pta7taycoycOv OCOAl1VWV 11 orov OEV A£HOUPYouv xuAU. Axouu U7tO 'tuxuiu CtappOn <pco'tu£piou 11 uxo o xomun El<!nVOl1 'TOU. To <pCO'tUEPlO 7t£P1EX£t CO 151170 OE OyKO. MovocstCtO roo uv8paKu nupuy£'tat 07t0l) vtvsrm U't£Ai]~ Kauon

UV8pUKU. E7tioll~ 7tUPUYE'tat U7tO OA£~ r«; ll11xavt~ sororepucru; Kauoll~ KUt 7tC:P1EXE'tat o-rov utpu 'tll ~ c:~u't uion ~ 'tOU coroicivn'TOU. LE 7tUPKUYU~~ 7tupUY£'Tal cnuuvrucn 7tOOO'Tll'tU Ilovo~c:tc{ou (0 KU7tVOC, uxopst VU 7tc:pttXEl o.xo 0,1-101170). Ti' nuro at rtupoOI3EO'tc:~ CtU'tPEXOUV 'tOY K{VCUVO CllAll'tllpiuon~. 0 KU7tVO~ uno rotvdpu, ni7tu Kat rcoopu nEpttXC:l 41170 Ilovo~c:icto.

TO~IK6TT/Ta: To 1l0vo(,EiclO stvm 'TO(,tKO ym 'tOY uv8pco7t0 Kat 'tU ~c.Ou. H 'to(,lKO'Tll'TU 'TOU O<pEiAE'tat 0't0 on EXC:l tOXUPl1 'TUOll va svdrvarru 1lC: 'TllV muooomptvn, 1lC: 'TnV ortotu oXllIlU'ti~El av- 8PUKUAatllOO<patpiVll (HbCO). H ruon uu'tl1 stvm 210 <pOPE~ 10XUPO'TC:Pll uno UU'Tl1 'tOU 0~uy6vou. Ti' curo, sdv o rov siczrvsousvo utpu U7tUPXEl Ilovo~c:icto OE rtoooo-co 0,11170 OC: OYKO Kat 'to o~uyovo OC: 7tOOOO'TO 211170, rors 'to 501170 'tll~ muootpmptvru; 8a IlE'tU'tpU7tEt OE HbCO. To ano'taAc:ollu 'tllC, CEOIlEuollC, 'tllC, Hb stvcn va C:Au't'Tw8c;{ n ucuvornru Yla Il£'ta<popu o(,uyovou o rouc 10'tOUC, 11£ £7tUKOAOu80 'tllv uvo~ia 'Touc,. To KNE stvct 'to nAEov EDui0811't0 o rnv aAAC:l\jln O2 xt E't01 U7t' UU'tO EIl<puvi~ov'tat 'ta 7tpw'ta ouunrcouuro., BAUI3E~ 7tPOKUAOUV'tat E7tiOll~ oro IlUOKUPCtO Kat os UAAU opvnvn.

KAlVlKSC; gKOT/AWOSlC;: H KOpta C:KOnAWOll OE OllAll'tllPiuOll 1lC: Ilovo(,£icw stvut 11 OU07tVOla.

O~g(a OT/AT/TT/p(aOT/: 01 C:KOllAWOEl~ uno Ilovo~£icto Kat 'ta OUIl7t'TWIlU'tU rrou rrpoxun-rouv E(,Up'tcOV'tat uno 'tn ouvxevrprcon rou 1l0vo(,Etciou o rov uapu, U7tO 'to xpovo 'tllC, EK8£01lC, Kat uno 'tll IlU1Kl1 CPUO'TllPtO'tll'tU roo o.rouoo.

1. Tluxvorrrtu CO (HOV uapu 0,011170 OEV 8a 7tPOKUAEO£t OUIln'twllu'tu KU'TU 'tll ClupKc:ta EK8C:0llC, Ecoc, 8 WpE~.

2. "EK8EOll O£ 0,051170 CO yta Iliu wpu Ku'ta 'tll C1UPKEtU spyuoiuc, unopsi vn npoKuAEOc:t oourcrcouo.ru, 07tW~ Kc:<paAaAyiu. To u{lla 8u axc:t KU'TU 7tpOOEYYlO11 201170 uv8puKU/,atIl00<putpivn. MUKpO't£Pll EK8c:on o ro tCto nEpt~UAAOV 11IlEYUAU'tc:pn opuo-rnpiornr« 8u uu(,n OEt 'tOY KOPEO 110 roo uilla'toc, O£ 40-501170, IlE OUIl7t'tWJ..I.u'ta KC:<puAaAyiu, vo.oric, £uc:pc:8to'T0'tn'tu, C:AU'T'tWon 'tllC, UVU7tV£\)O'TtKl1~ A£t'TOUpy{u~, novo o ro 0'tn80~, ouyxuon, C:AU't'TWIl£Vll uv'ticpuoll KUt A11t08uJ..I.iu, Kl)UVCOOll Kat COxpo'Tn'tU.