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Titration-ISA Write up

Equipment list



Safety goggles- for safety and to protect eyes

Burette (50ml)
3 Conical flasks (100ml)- to hold chemicals
2 Pipettes (25ml)- to move chemicals into conical flasks
Funnel- to help pour chemicals into Burette
Burette stand and clamp- to hold burette in place
White tile- to prevent causing damage from spillages
Suitable Paper-for table and graph
Sodium hydroxide solution- Alkali 100ml 0.4 mol dm
Hydrochloric acid 100ml 0.4 mol dm
Sodium hydroxide 100ml 0.5 mol dm
Sodium hydroxide 100ml 0.6 mol dm
Set up equipment so that the burettes tap is facing downward and make
sure head is above the burette.
Fill the burette up to 50 ml, measuring out the acid from the conical flask
using the pipette. Place a conical flask of 25ml of sodium hydroxide
beneath the burette with a white tile underneath.
Place 2 drops of indicator into the solution until it goes a light pink colour,
after doing so begin to pour the acid using the tap at a slow speed while
doing so make sure that you are swirling the beaker at all times. Do this
until none of the liquid is no longer pink.
Record the reading on the burette and measure the change from the 50ml
mark and then record in book.
Wash out flasks carefully and then repeat the previous steps twice more
gaining three sets of results.
Change the concentration of the sodium hydroxide solution by 0.1 mol dm
And repeat the whole test three times.
Calculate an average for the set of results, then interpret the data into a




Ensuring a fair test:

To ensure a fair test we must place down control variables, for example we must
not contaminate equipment by placing some of the acid into the alkali, to
prevent this we should wash out the equipment and make sure we use separate
equipment for separate chemicals. To make sure we do not put too much acid
into the alkali we must make sure that we keep a steady and slow flow of acid
dripping or pouring which can always be stopped quickly to prevent excess.
Another way to maintain a fair test is to use the same person that is monitoring
the tap and use the same person that is deciding when the liquid is see through.
This will help us avoid problems with determining whether the liquid is see
through and help us reduce the amount of excess acid in the neutral solution.

Risk assessment:


Safety measure

Spilling dangerous

Damaging eyes or
causing irritation

Dropping glass

Broken glass, cutting or

injuring people

Broken tile

Cutting or damaging
people or equipment.

Place stools beneath

tables, wear safety
goggles and keep trip
hazards away. Clean up
spillage carefully.
Keep trip hazards away,
notify teacher of
Clean up tile after
incident, notify teacher
and keep the tile away
from the edge of the