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CP/16/MT01

MATHS AND AR MONTHLY TEST-1


1. Sudhir rejects 6% of the product as defective. How many will he examine to reject 240
bottles of Thumps Up?
a) 2000
b) 6000
c) 4000
d) 5000
2. 55.55% of a number is 21 less than 2/3rd of that number. What is the number?
a) 156
b) 194
c) 189
d) 186
3. The sales of a company XYZ increases by 28% in 1st month and decreases by 5% in the
2nd month. What is the approximate increase in the sales after 2 months?
a) 20%
b) 22%
c) 18%
d) 19%
4. In an examination, Rahul scored 25% of the total marks and failed by 100 marks
whereas Kartik scored 45% of the total marks and he got 40 marks above the pass
marks. Find the pass marks for the examination.
a) 300
b) 430
c) 275
d) 700
5. Simran purchases two sarees for Rs 8000 each. She sells one for a profit of 25% and
other at a loss of 25%. Find her overall loss%
a) 6.25%
b) 0%
c) 5%
d) None of these
6. A mango vendor sells 10 mangoes for Rs 100 making a profit of 20%. How many did he
buy for Rs 100?
a) 12
b) 18
c) 16
d) 15
7. A trader marks goods at 40% more than the cost price. If he sells it at a discount of
20%, what percent profit did he make?
a) 20%
b) 12%
c) 15%
d) 18%
8. A man sells a pair of shoes at a profit of 20%. If he increases the selling price by Rs 500,
the profit percentage will be 45%. Find the cost price.
a) Rs 1500
b) Rs 1800
c) Rs 2000
d) Rs 2500
9. The cost price of two articles is in ratio 3: 2. Ramesh sold one at the loss of 10% and
other at a profit of 20%. The maximum profit% he can make is:
a) 8%
b) 10%
c) 2%
d) 9%
10. If a discount of 25% is given on the price of an article, the shopkeeper still earns 50%.
Find the mark up%.
a) 50%
b) 80%
c) 100%
d) 120%
11. If a discount of 10% is given on the price of an article, the shopkeeper still earns 35%.
Find the profit % if a discount of further 10% was given.
a) 25%
b) 21.5%
c) 30%
d) 20%
12. The cost of 8 books is equal to the cost of 6 copies. The cost of 5 copies is equal to the
cost of 4 pens. Find the ratio of cost of 1 book to 1 pen?
a) 5 : 3
b) 3 : 5
c) 4 : 5
d) None of these

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13. Ashish sells 40 peaches for Rs 40 and makes a loss of 20%. How many peaches should
Ashish sell in Rs 30 to make a 20% profit?
a) 15
b) 18
c) 22
d) 20
14. A trader first marks his goods by 20%. Due to slack in demand he decreased the price
by 25%. But then he realizes he would make a loss. By what percent should he now
increase the price so that he does not make any loss?
a) 10%
b) 11.11%
c) 12.5%
d) 8.33%
15. A man sells an article at a profit of 15%. If he had bought it at 5% more and sold it for
Rs 80 less, he would have made no profit no loss. Find the cost price of the article?
a) Rs 600
b) Rs 700
c) Rs 800
d) Rs 900
16. Rohit loses 10% when he sells goods for Rs 900. For how much should he sell in order
to gain 5%?
a) Rs 1000
b) Rs 1100
c) Rs 975
d) Rs 1050
17. A man sold a book for a profit of 6%. Had he sold it for Rs 4 more he would have gained
10%. Find the cost price of the book.
a) Rs 80
b) Rs 100
c) Rs 90
d) Rs 110
18. Rohit sells shirts at a profit of 25% for Rs 1250. One shirt was found to be defective and
thus he decides to sell it at a loss of 10% to a customer who was demanding at that
rate. What was the customers demand?
a) Rs 1000
b) Rs 800
c) Rs 900
d) Rs 950
19. Raju purchased goods for Rs 1260. He sold one fourth at a loss of 20%. At what percent
should he sell the remainder so as to make an overall profit of 20%.
a) 30%
b) 35%
c) 40%
d) 33.33%
20. Which among the following is the best deal for the manufacturer?
a) Buy 2 get 1 free
b) Successive discount of 18% and 19%
c) Flat 34% discount on price
d) 60% more quantity of products for the same price
21. If Sohail calculates the profit on S.P. and gets profit percentage as 20%. What is the
actual profit percentage?
a) 20%
b) 16.66%
c) 10%
d) 12.5%
22. A shopkeeper sells at a markup of 10% and also uses a 900 gm weight in place of a 1
k.g. weight. Find his profit percentage.
a) 20%
b) 22.22%
c) 21.45%
d) 20.5%
23. A careless shopkeeper uses a weighing machine which reads 800 grams instead of 1
k.g. Find the markup he should do so that he makes no loss.
a) 25%
b) 22.22%
c) 20%
d) 30%

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24. A shopkeeper sells his goods at a markup of 20%. But by mistake he uses 1250gm
weight in place of a k.g. weight, find his overall profit/loss %.
a) 50% loss
b) 4% loss
c) 50% profit
d) 55.55% profit
25. Pawan sold one- fourth of his stocks at a profit percentage of 10%, one-tenth of
remaining at 20% loss and the rest at a profit percentage of 50%. Find his overall profit
percentage.
a) 32%
b) 34.7%
c) 26.9%
d) 28.3%
26. A man sells two televisions for the same price. He sells one at a profit of 12% and sells
other at a loss of 12%. Find his gain/loss percent on whole transaction.
a) 12% loss
b) 1.44% profit
c) No profit no loss
d) 1.44% loss
27. 2.5% of 478 = x% of 50. Find x
a) 23.1
b) 23.2

c) 23.4

d) 23.9

28. x % of 450 + 20% of 335 = 251


a) 45
b) 30

c) 25

d) 40

29. Two numbers are respectively 20% and 50% of a third number. What percent is the first
of the second?
a) 40%
b) 20%
c) 10%
d) 30%
30. If a number x is 10% less than another number y and y is 10% more than 125, then
x is equal to:
a) 146
b) 123
c) 135
d) 150
31. If 12.5% of 66.66% of 80% of a number is 12, then 30% of the number is:
a) 48
b) 64
c) 54
d) 42
32. Which among the following is the sum of 143 + 122 ?
a) 2988
b) 2888
c) 2788

d) 2688

33. Which among the following is the least?


a) 7/13
b) 10/19

d) 9/17

c) 8/15

34. Which among the following successive discount offer is best for the customer?
a) 25% and 15%
b) 30% and 10%
c) 35% and 5%
d) All are equally good
35. What should be the change in the length of a rectangle, if its breadth increases by 24%,
so that the area remains constant?
a) 19.35%
b) 20.2%
c) 11.11%
d) 15.4%
36. Akash sells an article to Babloo at a loss of 20%, Babloo to Chandra at a gain of 15%,
Chandra to Dheeraj at a loss of 5% and Dheeraj to Arpit at a profit of 10%. If Arpit pays
Rs 500, at what price did Akash purchase?
a) Rs 500
b) Rs 520
c) Rs 503
d) Rs 492
37. C.P. of 6 pencils is equal to the S.P. of 4 pens. Find the profit percentage.

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a) 33.33%

b) 50%

c) 40%

d) 66.66%

38. A 10% increase in price of rice forces a person to purchase 2 kg less for Rs 110. Find
the increase in the price of per kg rice.
a) Rs 5
b) Rs 5.5
c) Rs 0.5
d) Rs 1
39. In a certain community consisting of p persons, a% can read and write. If among the
males alone, b% and among the females alone, c% can read and, write, then the
number of males in the community is:
a)
b)
c)
d)

+
+
( )

40. Over the last two years, Sonus salary has increased twice. And moreover his second
increment was twice the first one in terms of percentages. If overall increase in these
two years was 40.625% then find the first increase.
a) 10.5%
b) 11.5%
c) 12.5%
d) 14%

ANALYTICAL REASONING
Directions for Questions 41 to 43: Read the following information and answer the
questions that follow.
Eight shirts of different companies namely Peter England, Arrow, Levis, Wills,
Blackberry, Izod, Provogue and Lee are kept one above the other in a shelf in an
almirah. The Arrow shirt is immediately above the Levis shirt. The Wills shirt is fifth
from top and Izod shirt is 3rd from bottom. There are exactly 3 shirts in between the
Levis shirt and Blackberry shirt.
41. If Levis shirt is 3rd from top, then Provogue shirt can be at which position from top?
a) 1st
b) 4th
c) 8th
d) Any of these
42. If Levis shirt is the first from bottom, and it is known that the shirts starting with
same alphabets are not kept together then, what is position of Lee shirt from
bottom?
a) 8th
b) 7th
c) 6th
d) None of these
43. To get a unique arrangement, which of the following information would be
necessary?
a) There is exactly one shirt between Provogue and Peter England.
b) There are two shirts between Provogue and Peter England.
c) The Lee shirt is placed exactly below two shirts and has Provogue immediately above
it.
d) None of these

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44. Five children Sonu, Parul, Tonu, Kiran and Radha are standing next to each other
facing north. Sonu is standing next to Parul but not next to Tonu. Kiran is standing
next to Radha who is standing on the extreme left. Tonu is not standing next to
Kiran. Who are standing adjacent to Sonu?
a) Kiran and Parul b) Kiran and Radha c) Tonu and Parul
d) Radha and Tonu

Directions for Questions 45 to 49: Following questions are based on data below.
Nine brothers Prashant, Ashwini, Dhiraj, Sohail, Dilip, Sonu, Abhinav, Nitin and
Viswjit have to divided into three groups of different sizes. The group cannot exceed a
size of four. It is also known thati.
Prashant and Sohail must be in the same group.
ii.
Abhinav and Sonu must be in the same group.
iii.
Ashwini and Dilip cannot be in the same group.
iv.
Sonu and Dilip must be in different groups.
45. If the group of size 4 consists of Prashant, Sohail, Dhiraj and Viswjit, then who can
be the members of group of size 2?
a) Ashwini, Nitin
b) Abhinav, Sonu
c) Dilip, Nitin
d) None of these
46. If Abhinav and Sonu form a group of size 2, then which cannot be a combination of
group of size 4?
a) Dhiraj, Viswjit, Nitin, Dilip
b) Prashant, Sohail, Ashwini, Viswjit
c) Prashant, Sohail, Dilip, Nitin
d) Prashant, Sohail, Nitin, Viswjit
47. If Abhinav and Sonu form a group of size 2, then in how many ways can the group
of size 4 be selected?
a) 7
b) 8
c) 9
d) 6
48. If Abhinav and Sonu are selected in team of size 4 while Prashant and Sohail are
selected in team of size 3, in how many ways can the team of size 2 be selected?
a) 9
b) 8
c) 10
d) 7
49. Which among the following is not a feasible team of size 3 or size 4, if group of size 2
consists of Viswjit and Nitin?
i. Prashant, Sohail, Dhiraj
ii. Abhinav, Sonu, Dhiraj

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iii.
iv.
a)
b)
c)
d)

Abhinav, Sonu, Prashant, Sohail


Prashant, Sohail, Dhiraj, Ashwini
Only (iv)
Only (i), (ii) and (iii)
Only (ii) and (iv)
None of them are feasible

Directions for Questions 50 to 54: These questions are based on information


below.
Ten candidates appear for an interview. Only five among them are selected. There are
two M. Stats, two M.B.As, two M.C.As, three M.A.s and one M.Tech. If at least one
M.Stats is selected then exactly two M.As are definitely selected and vice versa. Only
one M.B.A is selected. If one M.Stats is selected, then M.Tech is not selected.
50. If exactly two M.A.s are selected, then which among the following statements is
true?
a) Two MBAs and one M.Stats are selected.
b) One MBA, one M.Stat and one M.Tech is selected
c) Two M.Stats and one M.Tech is selected
d) Two M.C.As and one M.Tech is selected
51. If the person with M.Tech is selected, then which of the following is definitely true?
a) Exactly two M.B.As are selected.
b) Exactly one M.Stats is selected.
c) Exactly two M.Stats cannot be selected.
d) Exactly two M.C.As can be selected.
52. If two M.Stats are selected, then which of the following is definitely false?
a) One M.C.A can be selected.
b) One M.B.A and one M.C.A cannot be selected.
c) Three M.As can be selected
d) Two M.C.As cannot be selected
53. If none of the two M.C.As are selected, then which among the following is definitely
true about the group selected?
a) Only one M.Stats is selected
b) M.Tech is selected
c) Both M.Stats are selected
d) Three M.A.s can be selected
54. Which among the following statements is definitely true?
a) At least two M.As are always selected
b) At least one M.Stat is always selected
c) Both M.C.As can never be selected

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d) M.B.A and M.tech cannot be selected together
Directions for Questions 55 to 59: Answers these questions after reading the
information below carefully.
Nine Bollywood stars SS, SK, IK, KK, AB, AK, EH, SD and PC park their cars. The
parking lot is numbered from 1 to 9 and is shown below
1
7
3
6
2
8
4
9
5
The cars in positions 1, 7 and 3 are in row A. The cars in positions 4, 9 and 5 are in row
B. The other cars are in row C. Also 1 is considered left of 7 and immediately ahead of 6
and so on. (Note: If SKs car is at 2, and if KKs car is ahead of SK, then KK could be at
1 or 7 or 3. But in case of immediately ahead KKs car will be at 7. Similar is the
concept for right, left and between). All cars are parked facing north.
The following is also known
i.
SKs car is ahead of PCs car but not at 2 or 8.
ii.
SSs car is immediate left of ABs cars and immediately ahead of SKs car.
iii.
SDs car is right of SKs car but not in the same row.
iv.
There is exactly one car immediately between IKs and SDs.
v.
AK parked his car immediately between PC and SD.
vi.
KK parked his car on a number which is a perfect cube and EH parked his car
on a prime number position.
55. Whose car is parked at 5?
a) KK
b) PC

c) SK

56. Whose car is parked immediately to the left of SDs car?


a) KK
b) AK
c) AB

d) None of these

d) None of these

57. The stars whose cars are parked in Row C are


a) PC, KK, SD
b) SK, EH, KK
c) SS, AB, IK
d) SK, KK, AK
58. The stars whose cars are parked in prime numbered positions are
a) IK, EH, SD
b) IK, EH, SS
c) SK, IK, SD
d) SD, KK, IK
59. How many cars are parked ahead of AKs car?
a) 2
b) 3
c) 5

d) 6

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60. M, N, P, B and R are sitting on a bench. P is second from the rightmost person. M
and P sit together. M sits to the right of N and R. There are two persons between N
and B. In which position is M sitting?
a) Between P and B b) Between R and P c) Between P and N d) None of these

SOLUTIONS TO ANALYTICAL REASONING


SOLUTION TO 41: Let the position of the shirts be as follows:
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8 (from bottom to top in ascending
order of numbers)
It is given that Wills is 5th from top and Izod is 3rd from bottom, i.e. Wills is at 4 and
Izod is at 3.
Arrow is immediately above Levis. Also there are 3 shirts between Levis and Blackberry.
This situation can be seen in two cases as:
CASE 1: 1
Blackberry
Izod
Wills 5
Levis Arrow 8
CASE 2: Blackberry 2
Wills Izod
Levis Arrow 7
8
CASE 3: Levis
Arrow
Izod
Wills Blackberry
6
7
8
rd
st
th
If Levis is 3 from top, the situation is of CASE1, then Provogue can be at 1 , 5 or 8th
position from bottom or 1st, 4th or 8th position from top. Hence, (d)
SOLUTION TO 42: If Levis is first from bottom , then CASE 3(above) is the situation.
CASE 3: Levis
Arrow Izod
Wills Blackberry
6
7
8
Shirts starting with same alphabets are not kept together, so Provogue and Peter
England can be at 6 or 8 in any order. This means, Lee is at 7. Hence (b)
SOLUTION TO 43: From statements (a) and (b) we dont get unique arrangement. But if
Lee shirt is placed exactly below two shirts, then Case 3 is the situation. Also, since
Provogue is immediately above it, we get unique arrangement as followsLevis Arrow Izad
Wills Blackberry
Lee
Provogue
Peter England
Hence, (c)
SOLUTION TO 44: Parul is next to Sonu and Tonu is not next to Sonu. Radha is on
extreme left and next to Kiran who is not next to Tonu. Thus arrangement is:
Radha Kiran Sonu Parul Tonu
Hence, (a)
SOLUTION TO 45: If the group of size 4 consists of Prashant, Sohail, Dhiraj and Viswjit
then two more groups of size 3 and size 2 can be formed. From option (a), if Ashwini
and Nitin form group of size 2, then size 3 will consist of Sonu with Dilip which is not
possible. Option(b) is not possible as size 3 will consist of Dilip and Ashwini which is
not possible. Option(c) is possible. Hence, (c)

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SOLUTION TO 46: Option (d) is not possible as if Prashant , Sohail, Nitin and Viswjit
are in team of size 4, then size 3 would consist of Dilip and Ashwini which is not
possible. Hence, (d)
SOLUTION TO 47: If Abhinav and Sonu form a group of size 2, then only one of Dilip or
Aswini must be there in group of size 4. The following cases are possibleCase 1: If Prashant and Sohail are not in group size 4
In this case, Dhiraj-Nitin and Viswjit will be in group size 4. The fourth member is one
among Dilip and Ashwini. Thus, two such groups are possible.
Case 2: If Prashant and Sohail are in group size 4
In this case, the third member can be selected in two ways (i.e. between Ashwini and
Dilip) and fourth member can be selected in three ways (i.e. among Viswjit, Nitin and
Dhiraj). So, number of ways = 23 = 6 ways.
Thus, total ways of selection = 2 + 6 = 8 ways. Hence, (b)
SOLUTION TO 48: If Abhinav and Sonu are selected in team of size 4 while Prashant
and Sohail are selected in team of size 3, then the possible members of team of size 2
can be selected in these waysCase 1: if Dilip or Ashwini is selected.
The other player can be one of Viswjit, Nitin and Dhiraj i.e. ways of selection is 23 = 6 .
Case 2: If Dilip or Ashwini both are not selected.
The two players will be two of Viswjit, Nitin and Dhiraj. 2 out of 3 can be selected in
C(3,2)= 3 ways.
Total ways of selection = 6 +3 = 9 ways. Hence, (a)

SOLUTION TO 49: We need to keep in mind that Ashwini and Dilip cannot be in same
group and Sonu and Dilip cannot be in same group. (i) is not feasible as then Ashwini,
Sonu and Dilip will be in group of size 4. (ii) is not feasible as Ashwini and Dilip would
be in same group then. (iii) is not possible as Ashwini and Dilip will be together in same
group. (iv) is not feasible as Sonu and Dilip would be in same group. Hence, (d)
SOLUTION TO 50: Two M.As are selected, so at least one M.Stat should be selected.
So, options (d) is eliminated. Option(a) is not possible as two M.B.As cannot be
selected. Option (b) is eliminated as if one M.Stat is selected then M.Tech is not
selected. Hence, (c)
SOLUTION TO 51: Option (a) and (b) are eliminated directly. Option (c) is false as when
exactly two M.Stats are selected, two M.A.s can be selected to form a group. Option (d)
is correct i.e. if two M.C.As are selected then one M.A. and one M.B.A can be selected to
form a group. Hence, (d)
SOLUTION TO 52: If two M.Stats are selected, then two exactly M.As are definitely
selected. Thus, three M.As cannot be selected. Hence, (c)
SOLUTION TO 53: If none of two M.C.As are selected, the groups so formed can be

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i.
2 M.Stats, 1 M.B.A, 2 M.A.s
ii.
3 M.A.s, 1 M.B.A, 1 M.Tech
Thus, options (a), (b) and (c) may be true. Option (d) is correct. Hence, (d)

SOLUTION TO 54: Some of the groups that can be formed arei.


2 M.Stats, 1 M.B.A, 2 M.A.s
ii.
3 M.A.s, 1 M.B.A, 1 M.Tech
iii.
1 M.Stats, 2 M.A.s, 2 M.C.As
From the above three groups, its clear that options (b), (c) and (d) are not definitely
true. Thus, option (a) is definitely true. Hence, (a)
SOLUTION from 55 to 59: From (i) and (ii), SKs car is at 6, SS car is at 1 and ABs car
is at 7. PCs car is behind SKs car, so it could be at 4 or 9 or 5. Now, from (iv) and (v)
we get, PC s car has to be at 4, SDs car is at 5 and IKs car is at 3. This also satisfies
condition (iii). From (v), AKs car is at 9. From (vi), KKs car is at 8 (perfect cube) and
EHs car is at 2 (prime number). Thus, the parking table is as follows 1- SS
7-AB
3-IK
6- SK
2-EH
8-KK
4-PC
9-AK
5-SD
Now all questions can be answered.
Q55: SDs car is parked at 5.
Q56: AKs car is immediately to the left of SDs car.
Q57: Cars at positions 2, 6, 8 comprise of Group C. It belongs to EH, SK and KK.
Q58: Prime number are 2 , 3, 5 and 7. The respective cars belongs to EH, IK, SD and
AB.
Q59: There are six cars (belonging to SK, EH, KK, SS, AB and IK) parked ahead of AKs
car.
Hence,
55. (d)
56.(b)
57.(b)
58.(a)
59.(d)
SOLUTION TO 60: Lets number positions as 1 to 5 from left to right. As P is second
from rightmost person, so P is at 3. M sits with P, so M could be at 2 or 4. But as N and
R are left of M, so M is at 4 while N and R are at 1 and 2 in some order. Since, there are
two persons between N and B, so N is at 2 and B at 5. So, N is at 1. This means, M is
sitting between P and B. Hence, (a)

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