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Dredging Processes

Dr.ir. Sape A. Miedema

1. Introduction

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Dredging A Way Of Life

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Offshore A Way Of Life

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Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Offshore & Dredging


Engineering
Dr.ir. Sape A. Miedema
Educational Director

Faculty of 3mE Faculty CiTG Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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What is Offshore & Dredging Engineering?

Offshore & Dredging Engineering


covers everything at sea that does not
have the purpose of transporting
goods & people and no fishery.

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Schedule OE4626 2012/2013


Date

Teacher

Subject

November 14th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Introduction

November 15th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Soil Mechanics

November 21st 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Sand Cutting

November 22nd 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Sand Cutting

November 28th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Specific Energy

November 29th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Clay Cutting

December 5th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Clay/Rock Cutting

December 6th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Rock Cutting

December 12th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Production Estimation

December 13th 2012

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Initiation of Motion

December 19th 2012

Prof.dr.ir. C. van Rhee

TSHD

December 20th 2012

Prof.dr.ir. C. van Rhee

TSHD

January 9th 2013

Prof.dr.ir. C. van Rhee

Breaching

January 10th 2013

Dr.ir. S.A. Miedema

Exercises & questions

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Fields of Interest

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Bottom Founded Structures

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[3]

[5]

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Floating Structures

[6]

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Dredging Engineering
Dredging, Deep Sea Mining & Trenching

[7]

[8]

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Subsea Engineering

[9]

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Global Market Drivers

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Developments, World Trade


Ports & waterways: recurring maintenance, deepening &
extension & capital works
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Worldwide Container Throughput 1990-2015 (mln TEU)


458
347
235
88

1990

145

1995

2000

2005

2010

Worldwide Dry Bulk Cargo 1990-2015 (mln tons)

2015
2411

2299
2178
2057

1750
1566
1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

2015

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, World Trade

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Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Energy

Source IEA 2002

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Developments, Energy
Mb/d
30

285m

1980

25

1990
285m

2000

2010

2020

population in million (2001)

20

15

1271m
10

127m

1032m

USA

Western Europe

USSR/CIS

Japan

China

India

Sources: BGR-database, EIA 2004 (Reference Oil Price)

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Energy (Oil)

Source: BP Statistical review of world energy 2004

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Energy

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Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Urban Development

http://www.overpopulation.net/popmap.gif

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Urban Development

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Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Urban Development


Creation of new land in sea
Coastal and riverbank protection

Jurong Island & Tuas,


Singapore

[13]

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

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Developments, Tourism

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Creation of new land in sea


Beach extension & replenishment
Cruise terminals

[15]

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Developments, Tourism

[16]

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Offshore Moorings

[19]

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Subsea Engineering

[20]

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Pieter Schelte Allseas

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Pieter Schelte Allseas

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Decommisioning

[23]

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Equipment

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The Past

[24]

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The Past

[25]

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The Past/The Present

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The Present
(The Mashour, Suez Canal P.A.)

[27]

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DArtagnan (28.200 kW, 6000 KW)

[8]

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A Rock Cutter Head

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A Rock Cutterhead

[28]

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A Bucket Wheel Dredge

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A Bucket Wheel Dredge

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Gerardus Mercator, Jan de Nul

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The Present
(Gerardus Mercator, Jan de Nul)

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The Christobal Colon (46000 m^3)

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The Volvox Terranova Rainbowing

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A Drag Head

[31]

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The Present, A Backhoe

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The New York (Great Lakes)

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A Clamshell Dredge
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The Present
(The Chicago, Great Lakes)

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The Chicago

[33]

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A 45 m3 Clamshell

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A Hydraulic Clamshell

[21]

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Cable Trenching

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The Digging Donald

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A Rock Trencher

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A Set of PDC Cutters

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PDC Bits

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Dry Mining

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A Tunnel Boring Machine

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An Integrated TBM

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An Integrated TBM

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The Worlds Largest Digging Machine

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

[23]

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

[3]

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Deep Sea Mining

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Questions?

Delft University of Technology Offshore & Dredging Engineering

Sources images
[1] Off shore platform, source: Castrol (Switzerland) AG
[2] Off shore platform, source: http://www.wireropetraining.com
[3] Source: unknown
[4] Concrete island drilling system (CIDS), Beaufort Sea. Credit: BOEMRE.
[5] Types of Turbine Foundations, source: NREL.
[6] Pipeline and Riser Capabilities, source: Offshore Pipelines and Risers (OPR).
[7] How deep sea mining works, source: Nautilus Minerals.
[8] Cutter suction dredger "dArtagnan, source: SDI/DEME.
[9] Chevrons Kuito field, courtesy: Chevron Overseas.
[10] Container terminal Singapore, source: unknown.
[11] Arctic engineering, source: Royal Boskalis Westminster.
[12] Hong Kongs Chek Lap Kok Airport, source: ReoCities.com.
[13] Juron Island and Tuas, Singapore. Source: Google Earth.
[14] Source: World Tourism Organization.
[15] Cruise ship, source: JD cruises & Tours.
[16] Dubai Water Front, source: Al Faraa Properties.
[17] Dubais The World, source: TEN Real Estate.
[18] Palm Island Dubai, source: unknown.
[19] Offshore moorings, source: LOC Marine & Engineering Consultants
[20] Subsea engineering, source: SBS International Ltd.
[21] Hydraulic clamshell with propellors, source: IHC Holland.
[22] Subsea mining, source: IHC Holland.
[23] Source: IHC Holland
[24] Manual dredger, F.X. dArles de Linire, 6 april 1761. Source: National Archive, archive Staten van Holland
[25] Bucket wheel, source: Frlens konversationslexikon vol. II, p. 780-781 (Stockholm 1914)
[26] BLD Bucket dredger, source: IHC Beaver Dredgers.
[27] Cutter-suction dredger Mashour, source: IHC Beaver Dredgers.
[28] An artist impression of a rock cutter head, source: IHC.
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Sources images contd


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Hopper dredge, source: Jan de Nul Group.


Biggest hopper dredge Cristobal Colon, source: Jan de Nul Group.
Drag heads, source: Vosta LMG India Ltd.
Line art drawing of a dredge, source: Pearson Scott Foresman/Wikimedia Foundation.
Clamshell dredger, source: Marmaray.
Digging Donald, source: Allseas.
Rock trencher, source: Rocksaw Atlantic NL Inc.
PDC bits, source: HeJianShi FuLiang Dril Manufactury.
PDC cutters, source: unknown.
Continuous miner, source: Sandvik.
Asphalt milling machine cutting drum, source: unknown.
Tunnel boring machine, source: DM Multimedia.
Integrated Tunnel Boring Machine of D.U.M.B., source: unknown.
Double shield TBM, source: Herrenknecht.
The Westerschelde tunnel boring machines (TBM), source: roadtraffic-technology.com.
Bagger 288 by Krupp, the world's largest excavator. Source: unknown.
Deep sea mining, source: TUDelft/IHC Merwede.
Deep sea vents map, source: Tivey, Oceanogr. magazine, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2007.
Formation of Black Smokers, source: Bergensis University.
Hydrothermal vents, source: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).
Black smoker, source: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI).

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