Cattle ranching is the main cause of deforestation. It's not a profitable venture for the country at all.

Cattle ranching should be policed, and if it is, deforestation will decrease by a large amount. Much of the deforestation in the Amazon rain forest is a result of cattle ranching. The extra land that private farm owners obtain from clearing out areas of the rain forest are perfect for cattle ranching. Data shows that 91% of all the land that was gained but clearing out areas of the rain forest are occupied by cattle. Beef exports from Brazil have nearly doubled, due to all that land this is currently available for cattle ranching. This lead to a huge decrease in the cost of beef over the world. Land for cattle ranching is cleared by logging companies and sold to those who want to start their own ranches. The cost of the land sold easily covers the cost of clearing out the areas. The profit that's gained by selling the land is the main reason that Brazil has seen such a huge increase in ranching. It could be said that if there wasn't such a hefty profit to be gained by selling the land, deforestation wouldn't be so prevalent in the Amazon rain forest (Margulis 2010).

The Amazon holds a special place in Brazil's economy. While cutting should be slowed, it shouldn't be stopped entirely. There is a balance that can be achieved between logging and protecting the rain forest. Colonies are being set up in the land of the Amazon. The number of people who do not own land are increasing, and as a solution Brazil has decided to colonize the Amazon forest, despite the criticism that they're receiving from other countries for cutting down the rain forest. They feel that they have the right to use their own natural resources as they see fit. Cutting trees in the Amazon makes quite a few jobs for Brazilians, as well as making land that can be sold for profit. Building roads for cleared areas, constructing homes, logging, and the subsequent cattle ranching all make jobs for Brazilians. Not only is it making jobs, but the “Amazon Frontier” also holds a sort of ideological value to Brazilians (Almeida 1992).

Deforestation is never going to stop in the Amazon. This is because the only reason deforestation is occurring is because Brazil has no other way to stimulate their economy. Brazilians rely on the rain forest. Despite this, the Amazon is a very delicate ecosystem. The balance that nature created in between the many species inside the rain forest is being disturbed by the deforestation. Giving species less area to reproduce could lead to inbreeding. Inbreeding lowers genetic variety, and as a result extinction could occur. This is just one of the few things that could happen to all the different lifeforms in the rain forest if deforestation continues on. A complete stop to deforestation would be very impractical, because Brazilians rely on the rain forest for income. Many people propose that cutting be stopped completely, but this isn't realistic. Their focused should be changed to making policy that would slow the process of deforestation and make it more humane. This would allow the forest time to recover and adapt to the cutting. Not only this, but Amazonion deforestation contributes to 10% of carbon dioxide emissions worldwide. Emilio

Using the rain forest as a sole source of income for Brazil is not going to work for long. Eventually the forest will die out. Brazil needs to look into either using their resources in a renewable way, or finding another source of income other then the rain forest. Forming a society where people live completely off a rain forest hasn't been proven to be sustainable, given modern lifestyles. Each forest is different, and although some communities and tribes have proven that a rain forest is a sustainable source of sustenance, each forest and land area is different. Deforestation is increasing at a steady rate. Even at the rate it's at currently, Brazil can't sustain itself. Increasing the amount of cutting is only going to harm their country and the forest more in the long run, when the resource eventually runs out. This is compounded by Brazil's increasing population. More people lead to more resource consumption, and more deforestation,; if gone unchecked. At the rate that it's being cut right now, it's not going to be sustainable (Moran 1993).

The logging companies in Brazil need to be checked more thoroughly. The illegal logging should be policed harder to protect Brazil's most precious natural resource; the rain forest. There is a policy that limits the logging companies in Brazil to great extent, but there is evidence that a lot of illegal logging cutting occurs. Without anything to enforce the policy, or something to stop people from logging illegally, the policy is basically useless. As areas of the forest are cut down, roads are built. Not only this, but the extreme amounts of roads being built through the rain forest are taking it's toll on the Brazilian economy, as well as opening up easy access points for illegal loggers. Even people who aren't loggers use resources from the forest. After a highway that bisected the rain forest was built, deforestation and cattle ranching levels skyrocketed. There are many illegal roads that are built for illegal cutting (Stearman 1991).

There is a vicious cycle that causes much of the logging in the Amazon. If something could be done to stop the cycle, much of the illegal logging and unmonitored farming would cease. The deforestation of the Amazon is based on a cycle of cattle ranching and farming. When land is cleared, farmers race to claim or buy the land set up agricultural farms. These farmers are usually inexperienced, and they ruin the land quickly. They have no knowledge of farming techniques, like crop rotation. Once the land can no longer yield a crop, they move on to cattle ranching, or they move on to buy or claim new land. The cycle will continue until they run out of land, or the government puts more strict mandates on the land. Because more roads are being built at a startling rate, it opens up many pathways for inexperienced farmers (Przyborski 2010).

Farmers are using the Amazon as a replacement for their lost craps and land. The Brazilian government is making steps toward change by spending more money on agricultural transportation, and reclaiming fraudulent land. The Brazilian government is beginning to recognize a correlation in between agricultural costs and the rate of deforestation. As deforestation increases, spending on agriculture transportation decreases. Based on this finding, Brazil's administration is starting to find illegally claimed land. They are moving towards stopping deforestation of the Amazon more rigidly (Cattaneo 2002).

It is people who migrate to the Amazon who cause the most damage to the rain forest. If Brazil's administration could find a way to stop them from migrating to the area around the Amazon, then it's possible that the deforestation would slow dramatically. It is proven that people who migrate to areas around the Amazon forest remove square feet of the forest than those who have lived around the area for a while. Most families migrate because they've lost land in other areas of Brazil. Not only this, but the families are not very skilled farmers, and such they run the land dry by over planting. When they land they have no longer produces, they move on to the next area of land that was cleared out by loggers. This circular process is what creates much of the deforestation as of today (Campari 2005).

Sustainable logging in the Amazon is possible. All the various functions of the Amazon can be maintain if the forest is cut correctly. Logging can be controlled, so that the Amazon can be used as a sustainable resource. The Amazon rain forest has many significant roles, and most of them can be preserved if the logging done in a way that was sustainable. The forest can still process carbon dioxide, hold the ground together and protect the watershed if the loggers would cut down trees the right way. (Andersen 2002).

Brazil is taking steps to stop the deforestation of the Amazon, and it's paying off. If they continue to do what they are doing now, the rate of deforestation in the Amazon will eventually stabilize. In the third quarter of 2009, Brazil announced that deforestation in the Amazon dropped from 13,000 square kilometers to 7000 square kilometers. This was the largest drop in the rate of deforestation that Brazil had ever seen. While the lower rate of deforestation is reassuring, the Brazilian government made it clear that they will continue to pursue ways to curb the rate of deforestation even further. The 40% drop in deforestation was commendable, but 7000 square kilometers of forest loss is still too much (Phillips 2009).

The beef industry around the world is having a profound effect on the Amazonian rain forest. As demand for beef rises more of the Amazon is going to be removed to make room for cattle ranchers. Beef exportation is a major industry in Brazil. As other countries are lowering their beef exports because of the scare caused by mad cow disease, Brazil's exports are increasing rapidly. Brazil's exports make up a large portion of the world's beef market. Cattle ranching is directly linked to deforestation though. Cattle ranchers need land, and to make land parts of the are being cleared (Lobe 2004).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful