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Assignment 1


Module 1: Introduction to

Main discoveries made by Maria Montessori

Dr. Maria Montessori’s, educational approach based on observation and
experimentation. She used a scientific approach. She worked tirelessly
observing children, analyzing results and developing new materials. In start
she worked with mentally disabled children and achieved astonishing results.
After that she thought to work with normal children. She believed the ‘secret
of childhood’ that every child have a potential and it’s the responsibility of
adults to help them and flourish this potential. Montessori was the
revolutionary who created her method from observation, not just from old

Here are some of her observations that have the most importance for early
learning activities:

She carefully observed the inclination of child’s interest and developed
the materials/activities accordingly.

She observed that child whose concentration on graded wooden
cylinders was so strong that efforts to distract him were useless. And when
the child had finished he seemed rested and happy. The child’s ability for
deep concentration and love towards the work was phenomenal.

She also observed the child’s need for repetition which fulfilled a
child’s need. She then decided to give children the freedom to be able to
accomplish their work.

Maria Montessori also observed that children had a great sense of
order. Children put things back to where it belonged. She respected this and
allowed them to do it by placing the materials in an open cupboard rather
than locked cupboards as it was initially done. This cemented the way for the

Nighat Nawaz Roll No DK 1121


They are not work for any incentives or rewards. or a child can be disciplined. · She observed that young children are highly energetic activity powerhouses. Elders/ teachers should be polite and sharp enough to understand the child’s behavior. She observed that children have the ability to select their own work/activity. It depends on the environment. This made her realize that even small children had a sense on personal dignity. stubborn etc. as it was previously thought. Montessori always emphasized the respect for even the youngest child. healthy and Nighat Nawaz Roll No DK 1121 2 . · She observed that a child can learn almost everything in early childhood. · She believed that the child’s behavior depends on the environment. respect and faith. Children are always being practised about keeping their nose clean but no one has calmly taught them how to do it. especially in school timings. She observed that real discipline comes through freedom. Their inner motivation is fair enough to motivate them for a particular work. She noticed that children preferred work over play. happy and healthy. · She observed that her children have more interest in academic activities instead of toys. If proper. A child can be disobedient. always seeking out experiences that will help them grow and develop.Assignment 1 Montessori Module 1: Introduction to freedom of choice for the child to choose their work. · She observed and believed that real obedience comes through love. · When Montessori gave a lesson on blowing the nose she received great cheer from the children. that many things are too complex for children.

So whole building and rooms are designed according to children interest and comfort ability. are designed and sized for children. physical activities. The furniture. Nighat Nawaz Roll No DK 1121 3 . Like cleaning. · After continues research and observation she came to know the traffic patterns of the room arrangements for children. The fame of Maria Montessori. They feel happy and satisfied while doing daily household activities.Assignment 1 Montessori Module 1: Introduction to interactive environment provided to children and their rightful needs fulfilled. Room should not be congested and over loaded. She concluded that children want to learn “Help me do it myself” strategy. washrooms etc. languages. · She discovered that for building child’s complete personality. The second condition is called deviation. Windows low to the ground and low shelves used so that children can have the outside view and used things from shelves. · She noticed that children are more comfortable with their sized furniture and things. · She noticed that children are willing to do their work by their own. art. washing etc. her House of Children and method quickly spread all over the world. After all these observation and changes first “Casa dei Bambini” (House of Children) came out. they need to do activities regarding sensorial concepts. Children love to sit on floor during many activities so there should be rugs or floor mats for them. they behave normal otherwise not. culture and many more. math.