THE LIBRARY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA

GIFT OF

HORACE W. CARPENTIER

DICTIONARY
^sAiii.*^
or TBB

HOK-KEEN DIALECT
OF THB

CHINESE LANGUAGE.
ACCORDING TO THE READING AND COLLOQUIAL IDIOMS:
COJVTMJVIJVG

ABOUT

18,000

CUAHACTBRS,

IBIS

SOUNDS AHD TOMB* OV WBICB ABB ACCURATBLV MABKBD.I— ABO TABIOOt BXAMFLBS OV THBIft V>B,

TAKEN GENERALLY FROM APPROVED CHINESE AUTHORS.

ACCOMPANIED BY

A SHORT HISTORICAL

AND STATISTICAL ACCOUNT OF

HOK-KEEN;
A ZBBATKE OM THB OBTBOCBArUV OF THE HOK-XBBB DIALECT;

TUC MBCBUAKV IMOEXEt,

ftc.

BY W
BERK ELEY

H

MEDHURST,
I

BAT A V

A.

GENER/^L LIERARY
UNiVtliSIIY

Of

CALIFORNIA

MACAO, CHINA:

PRINTED AT THE HONORABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY'S PRESS,
BT
G. 3.

STEm AMD BBOTHER.
1832.

ff3o

y-rl

'

C^^-''^^U,n,iX<4^^

TO

THI5

COURT OF DIRECTORS
or TH«

HONORABLE EAST INDIA COMPANY,
AMD TO TBI

SELECT COMMITTEE
FOR THE MANAGEMENT OF THEIR AFFAIRS IN CHINA,
UNDER -WHOSE PATRONAGE, AND BY WHOSE LIBERALITY,

THE FOLLOWING WORK

18

PRINTED,

IT

IS

NOW MOST RESPECTFULLY
BY THEIR MUCH OBLIGED,

INSCRIBED,

AND OBEDIENT HUMBLE SERVANT.

BATAVIA,
JOLV
99th. 1831.

THE AUTHOR

ADVERTISEMENT.

In delay in

the absence of the
its

author of this

Dictionary, a note explanatory of the

publication seems necessary.
the

The
in

printing of

it

was commenced

at

the press of

Hon. E.

I.

Company

1831,

and continued with some

inter-

ruptions until their charter expired in April, 1834,

when

the

work stopped

at the

320th page.

It

remained untouched

until

December,

1835,

when Mr. Medhurst,

being in China, circulated a subscription paper to procure funds to complete the
printing, and obtained

upwards of one hundred names.

Messrs. Olyphant

&

Co.

of Canton advanced the necessary funds on the guaranty of this subscription, and
the printing was immediately resumed, the
their font of Chinese types for the purpose.
It
is

Company having
some
out.

loaned the use of

probable that the student
a
full

will discover

errors in the work, but at

present,

table

of errata cannot be

made

The

following,

however,

have been noticed.
Page 16,
Page 48,
for
for

^ ^
|^ |^

Beiou,

read
read

j^

Page 328,

for

^^

Keen, also read
read

Chaou,

^
Jte

Page

332, for

^
£^ B^
4fc

f^ ""

Keet,
read

Page 87,

for
for for

Ch^y,
CA'Ao/,

read
read

Page 351, for Page 354,
for
for

K'hak,

Page 95,
Page 127, Page

^*

K'hadu, read
K'he,
read

^
-j^
jj^j^

Ch'h6ng,read

M-

Page 357,

144, for
for

Choi,
Heera,
IIo^,

read
read read

Mr

Page 388, for Page 436,
for
for for

Page 221,

^
J^

Page 241, Page 252,
Page 266,

for for
for for for

j|^

Page 541,
Page 542,

Page 274,
Page 276,

^ ^ ^
^

Hdng,

read read read read

Hwkn,
Hwftn,

^ »
jg

^ S. ^
'^ -^

K'hwuy, fead
Le, transpose
P'hwat,
Pin,

XS

read
read

^
||
*"*.

Page 577, Page 6ll, Page 675,

for

for
for

Hwut,

j^

M ^

Seang,
Soe,

read

read
read

Vht^a,

!>-!

-i

P22^

Some

errors in

marking the

tones,
;

and in distinguishing the reading sounds
but
is

from the colloquial,
printing of the

may

also

be found

when

the circumstances attending the
will

work are considered,

it

hoped these imperfections

not be

severely criticised,
S,

Wells Williams.

Macao, June

1,

1837,

PREFACE.

AFTER
already

the

numerous

and

elaborate

works on Chinese Philology
almost to need

before

the

Public,
it

the
that

presentation of a

new one would seem
present

an apology,
to
lar.

were
the

not

the

object

of the

Dictionary
its

is

not so

much

elucidate

Chinese

language

generally,

as that of one of

dialects, in

particu-

Previous
of
a

efforts

have

been

confined

to the

Mandarin or Court dialect, with the
1828, and (so far as the Author's into

exception

Canton

Vocabulary
has
yet

published in

formation

extends)

nothing

been

done

elucidate

the Hok-keen

or

Emoey

tongue.

The Mandarin tongue
the
better

is

partially

understood throughout the whole Empire, by
and, in some
but,
in

informed part of the inhabitants,

central districts,

it

is

said to

be

the current
differ
is

language

of

the

people,

the

southern

provinces,

the vulgar

dialects

more

or less from the Court language, and in Hok-keen, where the dif-

ference
author,

higher lower classes
last

most marked, the cultivation of the Mandarin tongue is less general. The having never visited China, has had little opportunity of conversing with the ranks of the Chinese, but from a constant intercourse with the middling and

who

emigrate

to

the

Eastern

Islands,
in five

his

uniform

experience

for the

hundred knows any thing of the Mandarin tongue, or can In Hokcarry on a conversation of more than ten words in it.
fourteen years has been, that not one

man

keen,

a

doctor,

a

fortune-teller,

a

stage-player,

or a police

officer

may sometimes be

VI

met

with,

who having
will

travelled into

other provinces, or been employed about Governto

ment
most
it
till,

offices,

perhaps
people

be

able

converse a

little
it,

in

the Court dialect

;

but,

in

cases,

the

are totally unacquainted

with

and never think of studying

having

succeeded at the literary examinations, and got a prospect of preferment
they go to a regular school for the study of the Mandarin, and acquire Indeed, instances have been known of they would a new language. of considerable standing giving up the prospect of Government situa(jtburt

or
it

employment,
almost
as

literary

graduates

tions, rather

than take the trouble -of Studying the
the

dialect.

Not only does
provincial
dialects
differ

Mandarin tongue

differ

from the vulgar idioms, but these
so that an inhabitant of

considerably

from each other,

Hok-

keen

will

not be able to understand a native of Canton,
to

— and

the author has frequently
provinces,

had

occasion

interpret

for

two
in

Chinese

from

adjoining

who

could not
is

understand

each other.

Even

the same province, the difference of dialect

some-

times so great, that people divided by

a mountain, a
other.

river,

or twenty miles of country^
ten

are
there

by

no

means
certainly

intelligible

to

each

In

the

counties

of

Hok-keen,

are

as

many

different

dialects,

and

if

the same obtains throughout every
will

on%

of the eighteen neatly two hundred.
.,.;,..,

provinces

of

China, the different dialects in that Empire

be

.'A

the Chinese language, without person, wh<J^ contemplates learning

much

pros-

pect
the.

pf

verbal
,

intercourse

with

the

people, or

who

will

higl^r
weii

do

confined

throughout all but he whose intercourse will probably be to study the Mandarin dialect; and who will have to do with the great mass of the people to one district,
clashes
officers,

and Government

be generally conversant with the Provinces, would certainly

residing in

it,

would do better
-

to study

the vulgar dialect of that particular place.

-ft

f'f

>"

The
darin, but,

archipelago,

commencing the study of Chinese, attended solely to the Manunderstood by the mass of emigrants in the Malayan finding that it was not In 1820, he turned his attention, in the year 1818, to the Hok-keen dialect.
author, on

a small Vocabulary was drawn up, and a few sheets of it printed at Malacca ; in 1823, sent to Singapore, to be printed under the patronage of this work was enlarged, and
the

Singapore

Institution,
affairs

the

Committee of which

offered

to publish

it

at their

own

expence.
lay

The

untouched
1829,
in

of that Institution, however, not having prospered, the Manuscript for several years, was since sent to Malacca and Penang, and, in the
into in

year

came back untouched
the

the author's hands.

Considerable

advancement

having

mean time been made

the knowledge of the language,

and the Select

vu

Gftfnnjjttee

for

managing the
to

affairs

of the Honorable East India
the
press,

Company,

in China,

having

gen^rotisly

offered
entirely,

bring the work through
it

the author

undertook to re-

compose
illustrate

it

the

by the addition of several thousand characters, and to meaning of each principal word by a quotation from some respectable
to enlarge

The

preseni work

is

founded on a native Dictionary of the Hok-keen

dialect,

Sip gnoe yim, or "fifteen sounds," year 1818, called the '\' published in the which contains both the Reading and Colloquial idiom, with the sounds and tones very
accurately defined.
in

JL^

The

inhabitants of

common
the

conversation,

very

Hok-keen have a method of expressing themselves different from the style in which their books are written ;
in the substitution of

and
for

this variation appears, not only

more easy and

familiar

words

abstruse and

difficult

terms used in books, but also in the inflection and altera-

tion

words, giving them sometimes a nasal or contracted termination, This has given rise to the and sometimes completely changing their sound and tone. distinction between the Reading and Colloquial forms of speech, which, in the native
of

even

common

Dictionaries,

are

distinguished,
is

by

having

the

former printed in red, and the

latter in

black
the

ink; while the same
Colloquial in
italics,

attempted to be marked in the following
idiom in
their

work, by putting

and printing the Reading
a

roman

letters.

The
initials

Chinese

have

method
the

of

spelling

words, by dividing them into
final

and

finals,

and

taking

initial

of one word and the

of another, they

In the native Dictionary above alluded to, fifteen initials form a third by the conjunction. (hence the name) and fifty finals are employed, to express all the possible variations in
sound, of which the Hok-keen dialect
is

capable.

These

initials
;

and

finals

are hereafter

described,

and attempted

to

be expressed in European

letters

the system of orthography

which
no

has

doubt
or

been adopted to elucidate these sounds may not possibly be the best, and they would be differently expressed by others but whatever may be the
;

faults

deficiencies

of his system, the author

flatters

himself that

it

is

uniform,

^d

that

any given word will be found to bear the same orthography throughout the work. Walker's and Sheridan's pronouncing Dictionaries have been consulted, but it was found
impossible
to

adopt

their

systems in every instance, as the Hok-keen dialect contains

sounds,
in

which

neither of those orthoepists had ever occasion to illustrate.

The

nasals,

particular, can be accurately expressed by no possible system of European orthography,
if

and

twenty people had to define them, they would no doubt write them in as many different ways; the author has therefore adopted that mode of spelling which appeared

vm
to

him the

best, following,

Dictionary

of

the

most instances, the orthography of Dr. Morrison, in his Mandarin tongue, where the sounds at all resembled each other;
in to the

and having once adopted it, he has found it necessary to adhere out the work, in order to prevent mistakes and confusion.

same through-

In addition to the sounds formed by the junction of the fifteen
finals,

initials

and

fifty

the inhabitants of Hok-keen have a method of multiplying their few monosyllables^
application

by

the

of

various

tones,

which, while the word retains

the

same form of

spelling,

ing
Avhile

Respectproduce an alteration of the intonation, by a variation of the accent. these tones of the Chinese language, some difference of opinion has obtained, and some have considered them of the first importance, others have paid them little
attention.

or

no

from uniform

author inclines decidedly to the former opinion ; having found, experience, that without strict attention to the tones, it is impossible for a

The

person to make himself understood
to

speak,

learn

the

tones,

as

Hok-keen. Chinese children, as soon as they begin speedily as they do the sounds themselves, and the
in

minutest regard to the tones; so that the author poorest people invariably observe the has never heard a real native of Hok-keen make the slightest mistake in the tones,

even
to

in

the

hurried
in

conversation of

common
in

life.

Indeed a Chinese
of a

is

more

likely

make a mistake

the orthography than

the accent

word, and when charged

pronouncing teem instead of leem, will defend himself, by saying that, at any rate the words are in the same tone, and therefore there cannot be much difference
with

between them.
but the Chinese,

A
in

horse in Hok-keen

is

bdi/,

in

the upper tone, with an acute accent,

phy
with

into

bang,

as

speaking of a horse, would as soon think of changing the orthograof altering the accent into bdi/, which is in the lower even tone,
it.

a circumflex over

In

the

native

Dictionary

which

is

made

the basis

of the

loies are most particnlarly defined, and the arrangement of each section present work, the for instance, the first section contains is more according to the tone than the orthography
;

all

the words of the even tone, under a certain
is

final,

as connected with the different initials,

and not a single upper tone
;

brought forward, till all the even tones of that final are section then contains all the words under the upper tone of the same given the second and so on; so that h-wun in the even tone Avill be found under one section, final, This arrangement, in which the accent and kioi'm, in the up|)er tone under another.

and shews what great stress regarded more than the spelling, is peculiar to the Chinese, In they lay on a difference of tone, even more so than on a difference of orthography. the following paii<s, (his arrangement has been reversed, and the words are classed acis

cording

to

their

alpliabctical order,

yet

the

author has endeavoured to mark, in every

instance, the peculiar tone to be afhxed to each word,

and that not only

in the

words placed

IX

but also in the examples adduced; so that, witfr the exception of typographical errors, each word will be found to have, not only the same mode of spelling, but also a uniform intonation, throughout the book.
for

reference

at the

head of each

line,

meaning given to each particular word, some dissimilarity may be observed between the present work and the Dictionary published by Dr. Morrison ; if such should be the case, the author would not be understood as intenIt
is

possible that,

in

the

tionally

differing

from

his

indefatigable "predecessor,

whose elaborate work he has seldom
native Dictionaries, and illustrated

or ever consulted for the meaning of words; but, having followed an entirely independant
authority,

and having adopted the meanings assigned
it is

in

in

the

quotations referred to,

not unlikely but some trifling discrepancy
in
this,

may
but
it

arise.

Fewer meanings

may

also

be found

than in the

Doctor's work

;

must

be remembered, that the present undertaking is on a much smaller scale than the preceding one, and to have given all the meanings of e:ich word, and proofs of their being used
in

every

several

sense,

from

Chinese authors,
it

would have
illustrate,

swelled this

Dictionary to
the language,

too great

a

size,

particularly as
it.

is

designed to

not so

much

as a single dialect of
is

However, the most common and approved sense of each word

generally given.

The
reputation,
viz.

quotations adduced

are most

of

them from Chinese authors of the best

from the Five Classics, the Four Books, authentic Histories, and approved Odes, being generally the same which are quoted in the Imperial Dictionary, under the
characters referred
to.

A

few

vulgar phrases

may be found

here and there,

and some

from novels and unauthorized productions ; but good authors, however ancient, have generally been preferred, both as being held in greater respect among the Chinese
quotations

most appoved sense of the characters in question. It may be that the author has mistaken the meaning of some passages, and has awkwardly expressed
the

themselves, and as giving the

sense of others, while published translations of the works quoted from
in

be brought,

triumphant proof of alledged ignorance or carelessness;
a
person
giving
the

— but
is

may
to

it

must be

remembered, that

sense

of

an

isolated passage
in detail
;

very likely

express himself differently from one

who

translates the

book

and that some variation

or amplification
idea

is

indeed necessary in a quotation, in order to give the reader a correct

of

the

sentence,
If

which
it

would

proper connection.

be asked,

examples
be,

of

every-day

conversation,

where the passage stood in its why not give sentences from modern authors, or in illustration of each character ? the answer may
be
less

requisite

that there are

imitators

no modern authors, of any reputation, but what are built upon, and of ancient writings and to manufacture sentences for the occasion would be
;

Vi

liable

to this very

serious

objection^ that
lor
,

4uch Sentences, may or
li^iskilfilhiess^of
i i

rfiayiinot

be good
:

;Chi-.

nese,

according to

the

proficiency

the I'Gpmpiler* land 'to
'

adduce'

ungrammatical or un-idiomatical sentences. iitiiiielucidationj would be to lead the mind Shoujd the author astray, and to retard instead of promote the progress of the student.

be spared
it

to

compose the Second Part of
adduce, under, each
the

this

Dictionary^,
,

yi^.

tlie

English and Chinese,,

is

his

intention to
to

important word, a phrase /rop. soni;e.JEnglisli
Chinesej by
wliich

author,

and

give

sense

of

it

in

means the

,

st]Lide^nt

will

be

enabled to judge of the familiar way of writing i^nd .speaking Chinese,
of rendering English composition
into
it.
,

aufiif^fjth^
j;d
j

methofi
•'•

)V,i

i,

i

u

-

i,

For the
to

short historical and

statistical

account of Hok-keeiV, the s/uthor

is

indebted

Chinese
to

aud

and geographical works, to Malte Bruh's Universal Geography, an account of the Dutch embassy to Hok-keen in the seventeenth century. These
histories

productions
state

are

most

of

them

old,

yet,

as

of the

province

differs

perhaps

little

China remains long stationary, the present from what it was formerly. In estimating
is

the population of Hok-keen, a different opinion
given,
in

hazarded from

what Dr. Morrison has

however proposed with Hok-keen diffidence, and not without being substantiated by two independant authorities. contains ten counties, of which only one, viz. )^ ')'\\ Cheang chew, riear the port of Emiiey,
his

View of China

for

Philological

Purposes

:

it

is

is

the identical spot where the dialect illustrated the

in this
j|»|

Dictionary

is

spoken

in its purity;

in

adjoining

county

to

the

east,

viz.'

';^

Chwan chew,
but
still

the diialect diflers very
'/^^

little;

and

in

the neighbouring county on the opposite side, viz.
little

yTl

Teaou chew,

in

the province of Canton, the dialect differs a
district

more,

the inhabitants of each

are
>^f1
'fl^

mutually

intelligible

(o

each other.

Of

the dialects

of the northern counties,
north-eastern
vyith

of
of

vT

T'heng chew, andji^
Hin hwa, and
|ig
'}\\

^i^

Yeen peng,

as well as of the
is

counties

pl

Hok.chew^ the author

unable to speak

any degree

of decision.

For
work,

any

typo:i:raphical errors,
tliiCi

which may creep
I

in.

during the

fexciition

of the
at to

the.. jiuthor:

hopes for

indulgence

'«)f

the public, as, the

the distance of nearly two thousand, Imiles fwmi his
correct

work being printed place of abod6, it is impossible for him
to

the

sheets

as

they

are

put to
his

press,

or

mark out any

have iiladvertehtly

dropped from
kindly

pen

in the composition.

To

which might the Rev. Dri: Morrison
errors
itbc-

and

his

son,

who have

undertaken the revision of the proofs,

author would
difficult

express his unfeigned obligations, and his earnest hopes that they mafy sUcceedj in Uie
task of reading

and comparing the very

minute

distinctions, of accent as'

'livell'

as

sound.

XI

which the author has found
it

it

necessary to employ in the work, and that they

may send

forth

to

the pubhc^ as
the

correct as his best wishes could desire.

To
the

Directors of the

Honorable East India Company, and

to the

Gentlemen of

Select 'Committee for the

management

of their atfairs in China, the author acknow-

under great and manifold obligations, for their kind notice and patronage of the work, and for their munificent liberality, in printing it, free uf expence, at
ledges himself as
their

own

press in China.

May
religious

the

present feeble undertaking

be rendered

eminently serviceable

in

the

promotion of Chinese literature, and
purposes,
derive
essential

may

students

of the language,
!

whether

for civil or

benefit therefrom
to bring
it

and

to

that

God who
shall

has granted
all

health for the undertaking,

and

ability

to

a conclusion,

be

the glory.

W.
Batavia, July 29th.

H. M.

1831.

i);!

XIII

SHORT HISTORICAL AND STATISTICAL ACCOUNT

PROVINCE OF HOK-KEEN.
(COMPILED FROM EUROPEAN AND CHINESE AUTHORS;.)

The
Empire
of

PROVINCE
The

of

mS
of

^
its

Hok-kSen,
Capital,

'happy esUMishment,'

lies

in

the S.
is

E. quarter
26° S'

of

tin

China.
30'

latitude

Hok-chew,
jjjg *Jf |

'happy

region,'
is

N. and

its

Longitude

E. from Peking.
(or

The account
is

given of

it

by Malte Brun

as

followsi
Its

" Fon-kien
"
is

Hok-ke6n)

one

of the smallest, yet richest, provinces of the Empire.

situation
fields

favourable for

fishing,

navigation, and trade.

The

air

is

very warm, but pure

and healthy.

The

" are watered with an
"great dexterity,
"
for

infinity

of

rivers,

which come from the mountains, and which the labourers manage with Black tea
is

watering their rice-grounds.

the principal

product.
«

It

also

contains musk,

precious stones, iron, tin, and quicksilver mines; silk, bemp, and cotton are manufactured
bars,

steel is prepared,

both
it

"in the form of

and ready-made

articles

of hardware; and

among

the delicious

and abundant

fruits

which

"produces, the oranges are remarkable for the flavour of muscat grapes which they possess.

Fou-chew-fou (Ilokit

"chew-ho6), the capital of the province,
"
scsses,

is,

above

all,

celebrated for

its

nituation,

for the great trade which

pos-

for the multitude of

iLs

men of

learning, fur the beauty of

its rivers,

which bear the great barks of China-

'ito its very walls,

and, finally, for an admirable bridge, thrown over the gulf, consisting of a hundred arches, and

"entirely- built of a beautiful white Ktone.

Ycn-pcng-fou (Ye£n-p6og-ho6), situated on the declivity of a mountain,
is

"

at the foot of which flows the river Min-ko,

not large, but
is

it

is

considered as one of the handsomest towns in

"the Empire.
"

Tchang-chew-fou (Chi;ang-chew-ho6)
" by the Spaniards from Manilla.

near the port of

Emouy

(Ay-modi°R), a great emporium of

tr&dc, frequented

The Hok-keen province was formerly
early history arc

called

the

token from
as

the

As
country.

early

the

first

year

^ ^ ^ Kong k4m ^ ^
4fl

B4n RB country: or " c
tc,

the

following, notices

respecting

its

" History of China.
215,

of

ft&

Chln-s£-h6ng,
36 districts, or

B.

C.

we

find

mention madii of the Bfln
.

The Empire

being

then divided

into
rfl

or tBK

KwQn,

to which

were added four other*
;

from the

J^ Wat

country,

namely,

|S|

Bftn-teung,

Hok-keen;

^

jffe

Lftm-hae, or Canton

J^ ;bt

.

Kwily-llm,

Cochip China; and

^Sfj

Sa^ng-kwQn (perhaps

Siara.)

:»VV

In the 30th year "f

!^

^^

Han-bootey, B. C.

105, the

people of

^^

Tong-wat slew

T
Ong-S-

^S
seen

0"g-6-seen,

and tendered their submission to the Government.
and the Emperor sent
his

In the precedingyear,

^P ^^ aS
;

had rebelled,
the

General

[^ «S

Y4ng-pok
-Jffi

to subdue the country
rivers.

after

which he
con-

transplanted

people to the region between the

>/J^

Kang and
defiles,

HwaS

The Emperor having

sidered that the country of

b3 Ban

was

full

of dangerous

and the people ever disposed to revolt, which

would be

likely

to

occasion endless trouble to future ages, resolved on completely removing the inhabitants to

another region, leaving their
In the period of the

own country

desolate.

S- T6ng
to

dynasty, in the 12th year of
be the ruler of

^^

Swan-chong, A. D. 849, the Emperor

appointed

^^

"i^ I«a E-Yeen-I6ng

]^

ttii

Keen-chew.

When

Yefin-I6ng came in to return

thanks for the appointment, his Majesty asked,
the
reply.

how

far

Keen-chew was from

the Capital? Eight thousand l£, was

Upon which

the

Emperor

said,
it:

"As

soon as you come thither, whether yoijr government be good
it is far

or bad, I shall be fully acquainted with
to

do not say to yourself,
this?"
.859,

off,

for teii thousand

U

are

a$

near

me

as the steps of ray throne.

Do you know

In

the

5th

year

of

^^
'^

E-cUong, A. D.

U

is

wA

that

m»ny of

the ?unuchs of the palace were

Natives of Hok-keen, and had great influence at

coart
D. 868, Hok-chew

In

the

4th

year of
).

^

He-chong-, A.

|g

j|ij

was taken by the rebel H6ng-cha6u

^ M^

C fFu'"S-cha6u

In

the 7th year of the same rergn, A. D. 8TI, arose the rebel
in the

a native of

S

^^

Ong-se: he was

M\\ Sew-chew,

province of

'v'J^

^

Kang-lftm, and by trade a butcher.

Having collected

a company of about 500 men, he seized upon the government of his native districts and about a month afterwards got possession of
jSi Iffe
-tt*

mi

Kong-chew, when

his adherents swelled to the

number of

10,000.

There was a magistrate of

Koe-s6

district, in the

neighbourhood of
fl-Q

t^

'HJ

Kong-chew, by the name "f 3£ Jill 0"g-'6*^"> ^^o, together

with his younger brethren,

^^
chew

^

Sim-te, and

^E +R

Sim-kwuy, was alike distinguished

for courage
in

and
him.

spirit.

Ong-se made
In
the
1

this

H^ ^M

Ong-teaou

his

Lieutenant-General, and placed much confidence

1th

year o{

^^
both
i

He-chong, A. D. 875,
in

^^
jjjg

and

JS

|lll|

Cheang-chew,

the province

of
to

^ ^
be

Ong-se took possession of yl*

^^

Theng7]^

Hok-keen.

About

this

time

^

|p

Chin-Chong.kwan, who had been appointed
the taxes due

by the

Emperor

Governor of
them,

from that
an

district

and

^^

6ng-se

refusing to pay

^ ^^

demanded j^^ Kong-chew,

Chong-kw4n was enraged,

and

marched

army

to

attack

him.

collected the troops of both the 6ng-s5, in his fright,

^

Sew and

^Q

Kong

districts,

about

5000 men, and crossing the river,

seized upon the three districts of

pQ

Kang,

^

Hong,

and^
In
the

of K'heen, and the same month took possession of the two districts

^

T'heng and

y^ Cheang,

but could not keep them long.

autumn of
and

the

same year,
scarce,

^ ^ Ongse

came

to

]m

'I'll

Cheang-chew, and because the road

was dangerous

provisions

to gave orders throughout the army, that no one should be permitted

XV

bring

their

old

and
'

f«eble

relatives

along

with Ihena,

on pain of death.

brethren
laws,
it

ventured

to

carry

with

them

their

aged mother.

and his But ^fl Ong-te&ou A " All armies have Ong-se reproved them, saying,

^^

and there are
be
the

no armies without them
as
if

;

you have now disobeyed my
Ong-te4ou and
is it

laws,

and

if

I do not punish you,

will

same
no

we had no laws."
them;

his

brethren replied, "All

men have methers,
to throw

and

there

are

men

without

how

that your Excellency

would have us
;

away our

mother."

Ong-se was enraged, and ordered them to behead the old woman

but Ong-teftou and his brethren
kill the

interfered, saying,

"We
>

must serve our mother,
to die

as

much
"

as our general;

if

you

mother, what

will be

the use
over. a

of the sons

we beg therefore

first.

The

the matter was passed troops then interposed, and

A

certain fortune-teller told

would one day become Ong-se, that there was in the army an individual, who
to

king;

whereupon

Ong-se put

death

all

those soldiers

who appeared

to have

the

least

spark of bravery,
far aa Lftm-

or any disposition to assume command. an

This rendered the troops uneasy, and when they came as

!&

iir (Ldm-w^a); in the district of
stout fellows

^

JjJ

Chw4n-chew, Oug-teftou directed the commander of the advanced

guard to conceal some

among
this

the

bamboo

bushes, in

order to seize Ong-se, and binding him,
led his troops to the siege of

expose him to public scorn.

Upon

Ong-teAou was made general, and

j^

l|ip|

Chw4n-chew.
In
the
5th

year
this

of

JJS

!^

Cheaou-chong, A. D. 883,

^
to

j|f}

Ong-teSou took possession of

|g

ji|i|

Hok

chew.

About

time
ruler
his

[^
of

^

Tin-gim, the Governor of j|g

^

Hok-keen, was

sick,

and summoned
the
to

2E 5^
district,

Ong-tcftou.

the

AU

Chwan-cbew,

in

order

deliver over to

him

the

command of

but died

before

arrival.

His Lieutenant,

^ R^
upon

Hwan-hwOy, immediately appointed himself
Ong-teftou'» attacking

succeed, and sent out troops to oppose Ong-ti-aou,

but

|g

)Ui Ilok-chew, Hwanof the same year,

hwQy gave up
(Jng-teafiu

the city and fled: Ong-teadu

then succeeded to the Government.

In the winter

was regularly invested, by the Emperor, with the dignity of Governor of
is

^w
on

Hok-k£en province;

from which period
In
his

dated the elevation of his family to independent sway in that part of China.

the

9th year of [Ig

^
set

Chi-aou.chong, A. D. 888, 5ng-teftou died.
to the

Before his death he had elevated

brother

T^

JR;

W]

Ong-Sini-te

rank

of

Lieutenant-Governor,

and

one

occasion,

for

some

^rror which he had committed,

had struck him with
aside
is

his staff;

Sim-te did not however take offence at this; and
ordered Sim-te to
superintend
as

Ong-t<;&ou,
province.
their
state.

in his

last illness,

bis

own

son,

and
by

the

affairs

of

the

This

^S

*{!

Sim-te

still

worshipped

the

Hok-k»;eu

people,

being

the

founder

of

In the 3rd year of
Emi)eror, to be
ill

^^

A. D. 900, jpg Lgang-T'had-choji, -j^

^

iOj dng-Sim-te was appointed, by the

King of Kj BSn.

He was

a

man

of economical' and sparing habits, wore hempen shoes, and dwell
the place of his
rich

a

mean abode, without ever thinking of enlarging or beautifying
exactions, so
that
all

residence.
his

He was

gentle

in

punishments, and sparing in

ranks became

and

happy, aad

whole territory

was tranquil.

XVI

In the 2nd year

of

^^^
j-.p

Tong-Chong-chong, A. D.

915,

^ ^ ^0
year,
set

Ong-Sim-te, the ruler of

BAn, died,

and was succeeded by his son

5^^
slew

Ye6n-han

In the

following

'^ 5^ A

^

Ong-Yc6n-pin,

the adopted son of

^^

6ng-Sim-te,

^^

Yeen-h5n, and

up

his

younger brother,

M^

Yefin-kin, in his stead.

In the 2nd year of

^

0j-|

^

Tflng-Bfing-chong, A. D. 918, the

Emperor appointed

31 3^ |^ Ong- YefenOng-Yefin-kin assumed

kin to

be king of

^

Bin.

In the 7th year of the same reign, A. D. 923,
altered his

j£ JE

^

the title of

Emperor of Rgl Bin, and
the
1st

name

to

J^

Lin.

In

year «f

murdered
caHed

his

sovereign

^ ^ ^^ ^^
and altered
of

T6ng-Hwuy-tey, A. D.
set

935,

^ ^^

L6-h6ng, of the

Ong-Lln, and
his

up

in

his stead

|ig

^

^

Bin country,
of happiness,
'

Hok-6ng,

'the King

|^
In

||| Key-p6ng,
the

name

to

^1^ Ch'hedng.

3d

year

^ j^

jjg

ChinKo-choe, A.

D.

931,

^E

^

^ng-he,

of the
[||

Bin country,

and set up himself in his room; acknowledging fealty to murdered his nephew and sovereign ^fl Ch'hiiang,
In
the 5th

-^

Chin.
title

year

of the

same sovereign,

A.

D.

933,

^ |^

Ong-he, of the

^ Bdn

country, took the

of Emperor.
In the
1st

year of

^^^

Chin-Ch6y-6ng, A. D. 937,

3E $1 1^
Yin.

6ng-Ye6n-cheng, of the

district of

^^
him
hence
in

Hod-say, styled himself Emperor, and called his country

^

This

£ 51 J^

Ong- Yeen-ch^ng was

the younger brother of

appointments, and iUj
the

^ H^ ^ ^

Ong-he; and he had

|^ /^

j|i^

Hwan-Sin-yew,

to be his President of the board of

Yang-Soo-keung, to be
state.

his President of the military board,

and to be associated with

government of the

The country was

small and the people poor, while the troops had no rest:
his Prince,

S

^^

Soo-keung sought to ingratiate himself with

by

collectiiig as
salt,

much revenue

as possible,

and therefore
left

increased the taxes on fields and arable lands, even to

fish,

vegetables, and fruit; nothing

was

without having a double tax levied on it; insomuch that the people of the country called him "skin-flint."
In the 2nd year of the

same

Emperor, A. D. 938,

^ "^ j^
up

Choo-bun-chin, a military
In
the same
title

officer

of the

R^

BSn

country, murdered his prince

HM

He, and

set himself

in his stead.

Choo-bun-chin yielded subjection to the
the king of Bin.

S^

Chin dynasty, and was dignified with the

of

^i^ 03 ^£ Ban-ong,
year,

^

Upon which

the state of ifi"

Yin marched

to the attack of

71^^ jre

Choo-bfln-chin, and the

Chinese government sent troops to attack Yin. fj^
chin to death, and sent his head to In
the the following

The
chew.

people of

BH

Bin, however, put

-^

^

ift Choo-bfln-

^E JH Keen

year,

A. D. 939, the state of
those

|^

Yin

altered its designation to
latter

^

Ban,

after

which

Emperor's troops contended with

of

ragl

Bin, and the

were routed

;

whereupon the Emperor's

troops entered

^E

iHJ

Keen-chew,

and

5^

jK? Yefin-chdng

came out and surrendered.

Thus

the country of

£4u

fell

into the hands of the Chinese.

xvn

REMARKS
ON THE POPULATION OF
HOK-KEEN.

In the

statement given to Sir G. Staunton, in 1799, by Cbew-ta-jin, a mandarin of high rank, tht populais

Uon of Hok-kcdn
bv
it

rated at 15,000.000, and that of the whole

Empire

at 333,000,000.

This estimate has been
for 1889,

many thought
is

to be exaggerated, but in the appendix to the

Report of the Anglochinese College,

stated

(on the authority of the
in

-^
),

j||-

'1^

jjlf.

Tac-Ch'heng hwQy tein, or "Collection of statutes of the Tae-

Ch'heng dynasty,"

261

volume*

that the

Emperor fi^

P^

Ki-en-liiQng,

in

his

57lh

year, 1792.

found the

UMiount of the whole population to be 307,467,^00.
In Morrison's
yit

"View

of China for Philological purposes,"
statistical

— which follows the
Empire
it

l( •ipi

— |B
"

]sj^

Tac-Ch'heii^<>l

t'hong che, or
in

"Complete
is

account of the En»pire

of the Tae-Ch'hcng dynasty,
is

— the population

Ilok-kcen,

1790,

stated

to

be

1,684,588, while that of the whole
its

rated at less than 450,000,1.011

This statement has been preferred by many, on account of
tionate nanibers to several particular provinces, giving in

moderation, but

seems to assign very
is

dispropor-

some

instances more Ikon

found

in the largest estimate,

and

assigning in others only a few hundred thousands to districts, which, according to every other statement, arr

peopled by millions.
In the possession of the author
l«!«!n',

is

a

work

called 'he

^^

^ ^ ?H ^
as
''

i)^

K'him teng Tae-Ch'heng hwDy
in

"Collection of statutes of the Tae-Ch'heng dynasty, as fixed by authority,"
year

16 volumes, published in

(h'r

'28t1i

of
to

i'^f

176S. |5^ Kecn-rcQng.

According to

this,

the

number of men, between
in

the ages of 16 and 60,

is

stated

he upwards of ICO,COO,000

throughout the whole Empire, and 4,710,399

Hok-ke^n.

Now

if

we

reckon as muiiy
\ioo,(ioo,OiiO

Women,

infants,

and superannuated people,

able-bodied men. we shall havi- an aggregate of

as the probable population .of China.
llii>

With
Ihe

agreiB* tfie
at

account published by Father Alcrslcin,
and
that

in

1743, as qinilcd by
1.
_

Malte Bruu, which rates
statements are as

whole population

198.818,485.

of Hok-kt^en at 8,063,6:
'

The comparative

folio*':

r

(

.

T

XVI II

M'ames of

the

According

to

Provinces.

Sir G. Staunton.

According to Dr. Morrison.
rS90.714"l \ 95,929 I

According to a work in the possession of
the yiulhor.

According to
.4 Her stein.

^^
i:^
\U
ll^

Seng-keng
Tit-ley.

22\742
9,374,217
12,769,872
5,162,351

668,852
15,222,940
'.'5,180,734

38.000,000
24,0C0,000

3,504,038

^
|f§

San-tong

e5,447;63a
1,860,816

San sey
Ild-I4m
Kdiig-soe

27.000,000
85,0)0,000

9,768,189
16,332,507

jpT

^

2,662,969
38,^967,235

7,114,346
12,618,987
12,435,361

fX

yX ES Kang-sey ""'-''"" ;1 Bi
j;^ -^X Cheet-kang

^ ^#

An.hw.y

I ;

£2,761,030 23,161,409
11,006,604

38,000,000

(
19,000,000
15,000,000

1,438,023

5>922,160
1,684,528
18,975,099

5,055,251

4,710,399

8,063,671
15,429,690

21,000,000
14,000,000
13,000,000

8,662,808

91,604,369
9,098,010

4,568,860 4,336,332
3,851,043

8,080,603

8,829,820
7,287,443
7,412,014

jffe

r/ti
ffii

Seem-sey

18,000,000.

2j7,704 340,080
7,789,182
1,491,271

Kam-seuk
Sod-ch'hwan

12,000,000

2,133,222
1,368,496

IS 1^

)|j

27,000,000
21,000,000
10,000,000

2,782,976
6,'!

:^f^
"«"
1>j>l

^ ^ Yin-Urn

^

Kong-tong
K6ng-sey

3,969,248
1,975,619 1,003,05S
1,718,848

82,91 5

2,569,518 3,083,459
2,941,391

3,947,414
2,073,892
3,4-20,722

8,000,000

Kwuy-chew

9,000,000

103,050,060 males.
100,000,00:) /ema/es.

333,009,000

143,124,734

203,050,060.

198,218,483

Prom
and the

a

comparison of the above accoants, w^ may perliaps coacludcj that the
disproportionate
in

first

is

rathc-r

fxjggera'.td^.

second
to
be-

the

numbers assigned

to the varioiis provinces;

but the third (allowing thf

numbers
and

doubled
it

on account of the

females) and the fourth agree so nearly together, in circumstantials

generals, that

cannot be venturing too much, to consider them as affording a true statement, of the populaa.s

tion of China;

particularly

it

regards the provinces of Hok-Ueen and Canton (the most

known

to

Europeans

).

For each
is

of these, — judging
to

from the immense number of emigrants, who, from the two provinces alone, amount,
considering the dense population of the city of

it

said,

half a
universal

million, — also

Canton, — and

taking into ac-

count the
exceed
million

testimony

of the

Hok-kcen people

Ihemselves, that the inhabitants of their native province

the ants in number,

—the sum

of six or eight millions would seem to approach nearer the truth, than the

and a half of Dr.
extract

Morrison's

account, or the fifteen and twenty millions of Sir G. Staunton's.

The

Collowing

from

the
to,

J^

•im'

^ M.
1727,
it

Tae-Ch'h"ng itwuy

teen

is

found

in

the appendix

to the College

Report above alluded
5lh

which abundantly confirms the supposed populousness of these two provinces.

In the
the-

year

of

|^

^

Yung-cheng,

was declared that the population of Hok-keen was so dense, that

al)undance of

commerce must be brought

iu to aid effects of agriculture;

and therefore the people of that provinc*

XIX

were allowed
Canton,
In

to

trade
Is

to

the nations of the south, in the

China

sea
"

.

and the same privilege was extended fa

'which

a narrow territory, with a

numerous population.

order to ascertain the value of each |irovincc in China, and of Iluk-ki-en in particular, the following
in

comparative view of the land

cuhivation, and the revenue derived therefrom

in

the 18th year of

^^Ki^en-

ieOng (A. D. 1753),

is

submitted:

A"ame» of

the

Provinces.

^%

Seng-keng

XX

yeSn-p^ng
Keen-16ng

?^

^ ^^
«K
Ig
jgr
J,|J

^^

lengthened pacification.
established tranquillity.

Sea6u-bo6

awakened military ardour.
the region of the river T'heng.

T'heng-chew.J-p

Hok-l6ng

Ta6-wan

^

^^
^i^,

happy

tranquillity.

terraced harbour,

— Formosa.

The two smaller couuties

are,

E'ng-ch'hun

Leflng-gam

^ ^^ ^ ^^
jjf§

e'lernai

spring.

dragon precipice.

The

seat of

government
is

is in

jj\

Hok-chew.

The whole province
by

yX

^

Kang-sey and

^m
ijij.j

bounded on the north by
Kong-tong
(

^

-Jx Cheet-kang and Yj^
to the south and. east

^ Kang-sey
it is

;

and on the west

Canton); while

bounded by the ocean.

The

rivers

and mountains of

this

province are picturesque and beautiful, and the inhabitants are generally distin-

guished for their literary talents.

The county of

j|g

Hok-chew contains
Bin-heen

ten districU, as follow-

^
^^.

the BSn district. 1^^_ Bdn-kwan,

Ho6-kwan
^

'^^

Ea6u-kw"a, noble

officer.

Hok-chheng
Koe-ti^gn

|g
Y^

^

,

Hok-ch'he"a, happy clearness.
ancient
field.

Teang-lok
E'ng-hok
B4n-ch'heng

M iM
^j^ IJH

fJJ^ A(ie-cA'/i^«,

Tei-ioh, constant delight.
^
^

eternal happiness.

Le€n-kang
L6-gwaii

^ .^ jf ^
-''llS

-Vjhj
,

Bdn-ch'he''a,
,

the clear flow of Bdn.

the connected river. the netted fountain. the screen of the soutli.

,

Pin-ISm

Rt
in \lfi

"m^

,

The

start

of

Government
is

is

\n^\

Bin-kwan, and Yfc Ig

Kaoii-kw^a.
it

This conntj'
4t
is

borderfcd on the west by the ocean,

on the east
iL'(i.

joins

j^

^P- Yaen-peng, to the north
inhabitants are economical,

bounded by ;tp Sm

Keen-lgiig,

and

to the south by
is

'fK

Hin-hwa.

The

but litigious
literature,

and superstitious 4 every family
the

a school, and every

man

a scholar.

The

superior class are fond of
-rt

and

common

people

are

obedient to
fflfe

the laws.

— The
is

most celebrated mountains are the
there
is

IIM

Kew-seen,
*

"nine
and

fairies," and the

4^

Tae-peng,

"gnat

.ostrich;"

also

a

"remarkable

r^tcky

monastery,"
"leviathan,"
Yijiik-hong,

"a marsh-ma!low
the

cave," the scenery about which
flowing
palaces

said to be enchanting.
is

The

river

^? iV»
»

Go,

surrounds

district

towards the

east,

and there

a celebrated pool calkd the v2^

EI

"phoenix

bath."

Of

may
while

be enumerated the

.^ ;^

" " constant and spring, Teang-ch'hun,

yl^
tree

^

Suy-ch'heng,

"water chryslal;"

of temples

may
"

be particularized the 1^^

breeze,"

and

the

^^
/JJ

Bfi-sew,

"eye-brow

longevily.
lie

— This

j^

SeOng-hong,

"fir

county has been the residence of several
lauj;!!!

famous men,
priety; and

among whom

Ch'hae-seang may

mentioned, as having

the

tommon

people pro-

"^

^^

CShin-lck-sew, as having great!) jron oled the general wdfarc.

In the

jg TOng

dyuastj

Jived

S

who would not submit to jbK Chew-p'hok,

^ Mt
of

Hdng-chadu

-,

and

in the

^

&6ng

dynasjty flourished

four

learned

men, who were tailed the four teachers of Bins besides various others celebrated for
all

their talents

ind worth, who
from the
vessels
sea,

belonged to this

district.

— The

city

|g
The

jfM

Hok-chew

lies

about fifteen leagues westerly

on the southern shore «f the up
to
;

river

^
is

Ban, which

falls

with a wide mouth into the sea, and admits

of considerable burden

the city the city

walls.

convenience of this river

makes

the

town very

populous, and the trade thereof brisk

adorned with many beautiful buildings, and has a (arge suburb
Across the bay, near

annexed,
bridge,

called

^^

I^m-lafi, with tnany idol Temples.

^g
islands,

Lara-ta6, lies a stone

130

rods Jong,
rails
is

and one and a half broad, built of white free stone, resting «n 100 yery high arches;
lions, neatly

provided with
at
this

and benches at the top, and adorned at equal distances with stone
in breadth, separated into
is

carved.

The
all

river

place

about half a league

«roaH arms by several

which are

united

by bridges, the principal one of which
temple.

that described above.

Near

this bridge,

at the south end, stands a large

Another bridge, not UnKke
the principal

this,

being about 100 rods long,

may

be seen at the city

|g

^

Hok-ch'heng;

and many more about

-cities.

About

three leagues from

j| ^^

Hok-cbew, stands a temple, reckoned

to be the largest in the province.

The county

of

J^

i!k Hin-hwa, contains two districts, viz
jfi
|||j

:

Phoe-tcen

gQ

Phoi-ch'hin, the
^
,

field at

the water's edge; aa<

Seen-y«w

^
in

the fairy ramble.

The
This

seat of governraertt
is

CQ
|||^

P'hoe-tefin.

a small but fruitful county, bordered
the

on

the south-east by the sea-, on the south

it

skirts

M

Chwin-chew,
every

on
'has

west

^^

E'ng-cb'hun, and

to .the

north

it

is

boonded by
;

^

Hok-chew.
<)|4

— Here,

iji\\

house

a

scholar, and

clever
all

men

spring up

like trees in a iorest

in this respect it is quite

a literary

district,

and considered the orown of
being
a

Hok-ke6n.

— The

land and water carriage in this county are both good,
free-stone-,


it

the

roads

rod

in

breadth,

and paved with square

and the number of

rivuletii

with which

abounds, affording a great facility for inland navigation^ while heavier goods

may be

easily transported by the sea,

which partly surrounds
leng, both
tain-gazers.
4>f

this region.

It contains

two celebrated

hills,

called

9?

^

Ho£-kong, and

'fpf

^S

H6-

which are the fabled residence of

fairies,

and the
hill,

silbject

of much observation by the Chinese moun-

At

the

foot
its

of the

^ -^

Ho«-kong

souih-twrtward
it

from|S
Here

^

Hin^hwa,

lies

a village, in
it
;

the splendour and size of yet

buildings resembling a great city, but

has neither walls nor privileges belonging to
is

many

rich merchants reside there, and traflSc throughout all China.
-to

a well

called the

^

4t

Ha6-

•ching, "crab-fish well," the tides of which are said to correspond

the lea.

The noteJ
a young
(

rivers of this county

are, the

^L

^

^

Kew-rhey, and the

^ ^j

Bok-IAn
at

;

tlje

Jait received its

name from

woman, of

the

name of

TI^

I^

Che6n-bok-l4n,

who, grievod

the

constant

bursting

of a

flood-^ate

by
),

which the lands were
threw herself into the

deprived ^f

irrigation, and the waters designed for that purpose were

lost in the sea

stream, out of vexation, and wt»s drowned.
Ong-sip-p'hfing.
paesiiig

Some time

after this,

a

literary graduate, of the

name of

T+
it:

ffl^

by

this

place, observed the troubled
tale,

sUte of the wyOeis, and asked the reason of

the

boatmen told

him the foregoing
f

adding that the waters were troubled, because the soul of the 4eceased was

XXll

not yet appeased, and
to

it

was likely never would be, as she died a virgin^ and bad
then

left

no posterity, to

sacrifiee

her

manes.

The graduate

made a vow,
this

that if he should succeed in the approaching literary examina-

tion,

he

would return and marry the soul of

|^

:?fc

||

Chegn-bok-ian, in order to procure-her posterity.

He

succeeded accordingly, and

soon returned to
it,

fulfil his

vow, which be did, by causing a tablet to be made,
it

with the name of the deceased engraven on
children,

and to

this

tablet he was regularly married; but as

bore hira no

he married a second wife, and gave the son of This
soi»I

this

second marriage to tIt
"yly |4|

^

Bok-ian, to be her heir

and successor.

lad,

when grown up, regularly

sacrificed to'
stUl.

Bok-l4n, as his

mother; and thus (the
in the reign of

Chinese say), her

was appeased, and the waters became

It is added, that subsequently,


the

^

Cheng-tek,

of the
old

HS B6ng
woman

dynasty

(A. D. 1510), the Emperor
Tdn-p6,

effectually repaired this flood-gate, at

suggestion

of an

called

|® i&

by which means a great quantity of land was brought

under cultivation,
of famous

much
in

to the comfort of the people, and the benefit of the revenue.
this

— There
is

has been a conflux

officers,

county, celebrated as well for their talents as

fidelity, risking their situations rather

than flinch from duty, and scorning to flatter, while they persevered in equity,^ This

the birth-place of -IrK

jliQ^

Ma-cho£,

the

sailor's

goddess,

who was
is

dignified with the title of

^

'^P

T'heen-hwuy, "Queen
mankind.

of Heaven,"

by the present dynasty, and who
ship

said to be abifr to foretell the happiness or misery of
in its stern,

Almost every
her.

bears
this

an

image of
lived

this

goddess

and Chinese seamen scarcely ever venture to sea without
/fej

In
bis

county

a

man, of the family name of
is

Ho, who sought out
fish

the philosopher's stone, and

when

alcbymie preparations bad succeeded,
silks,

said to have

mounted on a carp
fruit, snail-shells,

and sailed away. — The productions,

of this county are grass<;loth,

and cottons, Le-che

&c.

The county of

M AM
L4m-aa

Chwan-chew, contains

five districts,

as follow:

Chin-kang

^
j^
jpj

yj^^

,

the district of the Chin river
ease.

^^

Ldm-w"a, southern

T6ng-an
Hwijy-aa
An-k'hey

S^
iQ yS

^^
,
,

Tdng-w"a, similar case.
ESwiiy-w^a, kind ease.

,

the peaceful stream

.

The

seat of

government
is

is in

^^
The

'££.

Chin-kang.
sea,

This county
the north by
plain,

bounded on the south and east by the
city of

on

the,

west by

^ i^
are
is

E'ng-ch'hin.

^ ^X
y^ j^

y^
;

*;'|'j

Chijang-chew, and

on.

Chin-kang,

its

capital, lies near the sea, in a delightful
its walls

and, by a large bay, admits, the greatest ships to ride close under
it

and that on both

sides of the

city, for

is

built on a promontory, encompassed with water, except on the north and south-east sides.

On

the

opposite

shore

many populous

trading

towns,

chiefly

in

a place towards

the

north-west,

called

J^

jfe

Lok-ySng.
one
of the

Here

the famous bridge called the

^
are

Lok-yang-ke6, which has been deservedly considered

wonders

of China;

it

is built

of a black kind of stone, supported by about 250 strong columns or
tlie

buttresses,

123 on eSch side.

These columns are sharpened towards
they

upper part,

in

order the better to break
of an equal
breadth,

the

impetuous egress and regress of the current;

capped

with

five

stones,

each twenty feet long, and two broad, which successively touch one another, at each buttress, and thus form a path- way
to walk

upon, at

least

2500

feet

in

length

•,

oa each

side,^ rails

of the same kind of stone are put for safety.

XXlIt

adorned with lions

aiid

other images.

It

is

certainly wonderful where so

many

large stone» of equal size could

have been procured, and
stream of wafer.
.

how

they could have been conveyed to, and constructed across, such a wide and impetuous

Before the bridge was built, the people used to cross this part of the river in boats; but

many

vessels being every year destroyed

by the violence of the

tide, squalls,

and other accidents, a man of the name of

^^
by

Ch'hae-seang resolved, for the safety of passengers,
the
lives

to-

build a bridge.

The

tradition respecting

it,

as related
a.

Chinese,

is

as follows: — Formerly,

in crossing this sheet
a.

of water, many boats were upset, and

number of

were

lost:

popular credulity
fairies

soon invented

cause for these numerous disasters, which were imagined to

originate in

two

or elfs^ one of

whom

was a

tortoise,,

and the other a snake
life,

-,

these

wicked

elfs

had.forraerly
till

inspired a certain butcher^ and prompted him to. destroy

much animal

and practise other enormities;,

the

butcher,
old

determined

on

reformation, and desirou» of obtaining a new heart, ripped himself open, and threw his
this,

stomach and bowels into

stream

;

where they remained,

in the

shape of a tortoise and snake, .doing great

mischief, while the butcher himself
title

became a god.

He

is- still

worshipped by the people of Hok-kiien, under the
the darkened
elfs

of

"^ T?
with

1^

^ih Hefin-l'heen-seang-t^y,
tortoise,

"the high Emperor of

Hewens,

" and

is

represented

standing
so

one foot on a
hi
into

and the other on a snake, the two

which formerly excited him to do

much

mischief.
hirnscH"

order to carry- on their wicked designs, the Chinese fable, that the tortoise elf used to
a

transform
offered

boat,

and"

the snake elf into a boatman, and thus appearing at the side of the stream,
it.

to assist |)assengcrs in crossing
elf»,

When

arrived at the middle of the river, a storm generally arose, the
leisure.

boat sunk, and the two
it

assuming their own shapes, devaured the victims at their
boat full

On one

occasion,

is

related,

that

when

tht>

of passengers was acrived, at the middle of the stream, a storm arose,

— the
k'ho

prelude to a disaster; but soddenly a nois* was- heard from heaven, saying, Ch'ha^ tae jln chae rh'hwft.n, put
"l/C
let

tijfm^

A^

IIp

being aboard,
ashore,

not the vessel sink;"

^ ^ 1%' —
the

^*'*''^

'"'"

'^'^ '* <^'^"'

''"'

*'*""'?
all

whereupon

the

storm

abated, and

tetm,—"The Magnate Ch'bae On going escaped safe to laud.
;

the passengers enqnired

one of another, who among Ibem was called by the family name of Ch.'hae
said, that'

but

when none appeared, a woman of the company
been
lately,

though she did not belong

to'

that clan herself, she bad

married to

a

man of

name of Ch'had, and was now pregnant by him
be the person for

:

upott which they- all con-

cluded,

that the infant in her

womb must
if.

whom

the celestial voiee was sent.

The woman

ac-

cordingly
afterwards
a

made a vow,

that

her child of which she was then pregnant should prove to be a boy, and should,
insist

become a magnate, she would
was called

on

his

making a bridge over

this river.

The

child proved to be

boy, and

^.

^

Ghhae-si-ang

;

he prospered in learning, and rose to the dignity

of Twan-bfing-

teen Tae-h'ak-soo

^ B^
was
fell

||^ ]/^

^

Doctor of the decidedly clear Hall." J;;, "Great
if

Arrived at this pitch

of greatness,

he

reminded of his mother's vow; and judging that

he remained at court, the thing would
hiS'

never be done, he

upon a plan of getting himself appointed

to the

government of

native district^ which on

ordinary occasions was not allowed.

He

flourished in the reign of. "(^

^
it

Jin-chong.. of the

Q^

Song dynasty

(A. D.

1050),. and observing the Emperor one day about to go abroad, be previously rubbed some honey on the
tree,

stump of a
imitate

in

order to tempt the ants to swarm there, contriving

so that the ants should form lines to

certain

Chinese characters.

The Emperor

observing the ants thus swarming in a peculiar manner, went-

XXIV

and read the characters thus curiously formed, which sounded as follows: gfr Ch'hae-twan, Ch'hae-twan, pun ho6 chok kwan, " Ch'ha^-twan Ch'hae-twan! be thou an officer
up,
!

—^ ^

»

^ CT yp 'g
in

thy native
it

district."

— This
order,

sentence was no sooner out of the Emperor's mouth, than Ch'hae-seang pretended to take

for

a positive
liking
to

and

fell

down

at

his

Majesty^'s feet, thanking

him

for hi« appointment.
gftn,

The Emperor not

retract his words, because

^

-f-

^ J^
officiate

"g"

T'heen cho6 put he

the son of Heaven never speaks

in vain, confirmed the decree, and he was accordingly appointed to the office.

Uponrhis arrival at

S

iH<|

Chw4n-

.chew, his native district, he spared neither expence nor labour, to execute the task assigned him^ but he
little

made very

progress, at

first,

and the three years of.his

were likely

to. close before the

-work ,couid he completed.

The

j)rincipal difficulty

was to carry the bridge across the deepest part of the -stream; and no hopexouM be enterUined and the bed of the river was
left

,of success, unless the tide retired >remarkably low,

unusually dry.

In order

to

.obtain
•to

this,

Ae thought

it

best to apply to the dragon king of the deep, and, with-this intention, he
loss

drew up a
in the

letter

theCIhinese Neptune, but was at a

how

to send it:

in this
'*

perplexity, he <!ried out

<«ne^ay

midst

**^ ^^^' " ^^° |^ 7*" 'f^ "j^ ^^^ J'" ^^^ uttering these words, a. -servant whose name was ~jV i^

of the hall,

A

*''**^

*** **" ^«^«'^^

into tbe

sea?"— Upon
The poor man

^

Hay-tek-ha^,

thinking .himself called, promptly

answered,
finding

"Here;" and

the magistrate taking his answer for an assent,
letter in his

insisted

upon his going.

there

was no resource, took the

bosom, and went to «leqp close b^ the «ea

side,

when

it

was

quite low water, thinking that

when

the tide rose, the sea would .cover hini, and
«till

he could
,

then.delivor his messa<>-e.

On
for

awaking
another

in the
in

morning, however, he found himself

in the

same
,

place, and the

letter va his

bosom chan»'cd
only one

a

yellow envelppe, which. he immediately took to
in
it,

his .master.

.On opening this

letter,

character

was found written
this

viz.

pS

Ch'hoe,

"vinegar."
,

JFor

some time he was

at a loss to

know

what to make of
.ran thus,

^j'

•»-•

W M

communication; but .on analyzing the character, be found it.coniposed of .four others, which " " the 21st at which time .he imagined the water Jeep-yit jit yew, day, in the evening,

would be nearly dry.

Accordingly he prepared materials and workmen against the appointed period, when the

water was indeed unusually law.; and having laid the foundation of the central buttresses, before the water rose again,
.he

was enabled
expended on

to

proceed with the work without interruption.

Pour

million taels of silver are said to have

.'been

.this

stupendous work.

The people of
always
celebrated.

'this

.county .are

peaceful .and economical, while for literature and rpoesy they have been

— To
"

the

south
.has

of the capital ^f

^

{HJ

Chw4n-chew,

is

a mountain called

W^

P6-kae,

"precious covering,
are also various other
(the

which

on

its

top a turret of nine .galleries, serving as a

land-mark for seamen.t there
.©ff the coast lie

hills. and

mountains, the windings and forms of which are very romantic.

^

rivers,

or Piscadores; and from the interior flow the -j^ ,P'heng-hoe, with -some other smaller rivuleU. In this county
his school

y^ 1^

Lok-yflng and

^ Vn

Chin-kang

J^ "^ <^
his
pupils,

Choo-bdn-kong, the celebrated comliterati

mentator on the .Four Books, established
trines.

of learning,

and hosts of

flocked to hear his doc-

Here, also,

^| g^

y^w-choe

purified

the

minds

of

and
ij^^

^

Tek-sew

emptied the

prisons, by the clear justice of his punishments.

There were

others, also, celebrated for their acquaintance with ancient

laws, and for

their

firm »pd public spirited conduct, all of

whom

were brought up

in this

neighbourhood.

xxv

The county of

Vw

ai|)|

Cheang-chew

is

divided into seven districts, as follow:
the dragon stream.

Leflng-k'hey

n^

y^.

,

Cheang-p'hoe .)&

i^ ^
^JfiJ? ^

Cheo^-p'hoe, the banks of the Fiver Cheang.
the southern stillness.

L^m-chcng
Te&ag-t'haj

P£ng-hd

^ ^^ JE
Trt

,

reo"^-tttii,

lengthened greatness.

—^—^

peaceful harmony.

Cheaou-an
Ha6-l€Dg

sfJ

d^

decided ease.
the limpid ocean.

^^ JTjC

The

seat of

government
is

is

at

^

vS

Li-ung-k'hey.

This county

bordered

on the east by

^ Mi

Chwftn-chew, on the south by the

sea,

on the west by

of Canton, and on the north by part of the province yjf
tants attend to their callings,
ners,

-^

E'ng-ch'hun and

yT

jii T'heng-chew.

The

inhabi-

and study plainness, employing their strength
fierce,

in agriculture

and fishing; their man-

however, are
hills in this

rough,

and the people obstinate and

being violent and difficult to manage.

Of

the

noUble
san,

county,

may

be particularized,

-the

/^^

^

Ta5-bo6, "great warrior," and the

"bridge hill,"
is

near the district of
variegated
in

»^
its

^f||

Cheang-phoe.

— The
On

side of the
islet

^| ^^

^

^

jlj Le4og-

Leflng-gam, or "dragon

precipice,"

beautifuTly

appearance; while the

rocky

of

^

Tan-h4y, "red mist,'

colour every morning and evening. alternately wears a different
is

the east side of the capital of Cheang-chew.

a

mountain, on

which stands a stone of

five

rods high, which (according to the Chinese) shivers and shakes
lies

like
"ft

nearer the city a tree blown by the wind, before rain or tempestuous weather;

another mounUin, called.
crystal

SS
the

Kew-leflng,

"the nine dragons,"
the

which join* the

former,
is

and

is

remarkable for a

fountain.

On

summit of

^^
T?

Lftm-hong, "southern peak,"
'jB*

always seen the happy
is

omen of crimson clouds ;-

and from the heights of the and
flute.

T'heen-kwan, "celestial magistrate,"
gate,"
is

constantly beard the sound of the pipe

The

cavern of the

Sp H^ LeQng-bQn, "dragon
river

warm
is

in winter and cold in to

summer; while

the

enchanting grotto of the

and lead a hermit's

life,

— The

t^ i^

T'hcn-che, "the pillar of heaven,"

enough
is

tempt people to forsake the world
its

Va' Cheang, from which

this

county

named, takes

rise

near the city of-

1b^ WjC Ltflng-g^rai
past .M-

""*

eastward towards the city of
into the sea, into which
it

Jg

ZE, Cheang-pfing, and then takes a southerly direction
itself

^

Tt;4ng-t'hae,

empties

by two mouths.
and loses

More

to the south glides the

JS f^
hewn

Sek-seng, "stone-bank stream,

"

which flows from west to

east,

itself in the sea, to the

northward of

the garrison of

^ ^J

T6ng-san.

On

the south side of the capital of

V^

^jij

Cheang-chew,

is

a large bridge of
stalls.

stone, with thirty-six high arches, and so broad, that

on

ejich side are tradesmen's

shops and mechanic's
^^ll

Of

the remarkable people

which

this

county has produced, may be enumerated tlj

K'hong-seen, a conjurer,

who sold medicines, and was afterwards honoured as a god; also.
dynasty,
in

^ M ij^
^^
every

Chew-k'hong-but, of the

^

Tdng

whose time the people of

this region first

began to understand learning; and

•f the

^

^5

^jfi

jS» Gin-soo-lor,

Song dynasty, who was
it.

so esteemed,
Hffl

that the people of

Chwftn-chew made an image of him, IjJ
book,

and worshipped

Besides, there were

jlJ Tin-sQn,

who
;

read

and

examined

every

substance

;.

^
and

-g- Choo-he, the great philosopher and commentator
style of

and

St

^

Gofi-hac, whose appearance, and mind,

studies,

composition were

all

of an ancient

cast.

Desidcs these famous men, fable speaks of some supernatural inup.

dividuals, such

as-^^

^

Cicejn-ong, who melted a stone wall, and brought

a white toad to follow him; and

J^w^l

Mf\

'ft)

W

I^^'^-lie-gak,

who

flew

away

in the shape of a cockchafer, and was delivered

from the body.

— The

chief productions of this county are silver, iron, and shark's-fins.

The county of

^

Zji Yefin-p^ng

is

divided into the six following districts:

Lam-peng
Cheang-ldk
Say-heen

'^ 5E , ^^

Lam-pai "S^ southern pacification.

^

future

bliss.

i'J/

jHft

Swa-kwan, the sandy
.

district.

Yew-k'hey
Sun-ch'heang
E'ng-an

^ vS
jM
tJ"^
is

blame-worthy stream.
obedient fulness.
eternal ease.

^
2Ii

d^

The

«eat of government
lies

"^

L4m-p6Bg.

This county

in the centre of the Province of

Hok-keen and
;

is

boqnded, on the east by

on the south by
bo6 ^nd

^^

^g
is

^

^

jjjg

U.\

Hok-chew,

E'ng-ch'hun; on the west by

>^ jM

T'heng-chew, and on the north by

Keen-leng.

The
hill,

capital city Hcs

on the western shore of the river

^

^R

^

Seaou-

B4n, from whence the

huildings rise gently up the
largest,
it

presenting a delightful prospect to those
in

who

gass by, and, though none of the

reckoned the handspmest town

Hok-keen.

The

walls tower above the neighbouring heights, which,

on the outside, arc reckoned inaccessible, inaking the
city
is

city \ery strong,

and the key to the whole

territory.

The

is

a league long, but not above a mile and a half broad, full of large and handsome edifices.
is

Every houie
se;en

furnished with water, conveyed fnom the nsountains in cane pipes, the like of which
all

not to be

elsewhere,

throughout

China.

Provisions arc to be had fhere
inhabitants.

in

great abundance, a,nd at a cheap rate, the streets an.d

houses being thronged with

On

the

east

side

of the city, two great rivers, the

|^

BSn, and

tite

36

Sey, uniting their waters,
"EacTi

form a great
is

lake, through which vessels

come
la the

thither,

frv^

all parts

of the adjacent
beautiful teni-

country.
7)les.

of these rivers

famished with a handsome bridge.
is

city there are three

Most of
is

the coarse Chinese paper

made here; and

the people boast, that Ihey speak a purer mandarin dialect
lies

than

spoTcen in any other part of

Hok-keen.
),

The town of •Jw Say
old
city

on the north shore of the

river

(though

it

formerly stood on the southern -shore
that
in
it

the

having been pulled

down by Imperial command, because

a

young roan had murdered
lop
the sun

his father.

To

the north-east of the capital city lies a high mountain,
is

from whose
called iro

may

Tie

seen rising over all the other hills; and to the south of the same

an ascent,

^p

VVat-6ng, on which the ancient kings of

Wat

used to have

many

palaces, to serve as retiring places
J-"*

from She heat of summer.
Ch'hit-seng,

More
Here

southerly are the mountains -H
is

fm

"Kew-seen, "nine fairies," and
in

"seven stars."

also an over -hanging precipice, one hundred fathoms
itself

height; and the

M

l!(^

Koe-hong,

"

orphan peak," which thrusts

high up
jjfT y 7"

into the clouds.

— The river ^Km

ifffl

Bdn, above-mentioned,

rises in the borders,

between

jjjS

^g
it

Hok-keen and

Cheet-kang, near the city

S

Leflng-chwftn,

in

H^ mi

Ch'he-chew, from whence

passes southerly,— then westward, by the cities of

l^b P'hoe-sfing and '^t

— after TCeen-ieng,
from thence,
still

that east, by the city
it

of

3fl£

^

Yi;en-p€ng (where 4t receives the

^^

^^

Sey-k'hey); and
itself into

continuing eastward,

enters the county of T||S >Hn

Hok-chew, and

at last
ifip

disembogues

the sea, in about the twenty-sixth degree of north latitude.

After passing the city

ym
it

P'hoe-sfing, the river flows

with great rapidity, through

vallie.s,

and among rocks and cliSsi but further on

glides along

more slowly:

the

XXVll

general force of the cnrpcnt, fcowever^
polis,
it
is

may be calculated fcy

this, that vessels

gift

ftora

^ b£
it

P'hoe-sfing to the metroit.

Ifg

i/y]

Holt-chew, with the stream, ia Ihree days, while they ate fifteen in towing up against

In some places,
is

dangeroui, «n account of

the swift current, the multiplicity of r9cks, and the narrowness of the channel, which
vessel to pass

ft'equentiy

no Wider than t» permit a small Chinese
pieces.

through {

hence of

often happens, that boats

at-e

broken

to

The

takes a southerly course,
river

— then

^S

'lii

Sey-k'hey

rises in the north, in the territory
it

yT

iii

T'heng-chew, and
aiiites

first

an easterly, when

enters the county

of^^

35. Ye^Q-pgng, and

with the

^
in

Bin-, in the

Sey are many waterfalls and dangerous shoals,

in passing

by which, the boatmen, to prevent ac-

cidents,

tie trusses

of straw before the bows of the vessels; by this means, they bear

oi

the violence, of the blows, should
its

they happen to strike. jr-

The

river

yr

"/Jfe

Yew-k'hey, which
falls

rises in this

county, takes

y^ Yewrk'hey,
officers

and turning to the north,

into the river H3 Bin. — The

course eastward, by the city of

people of this county encourage One

another

the study of the classics and odes, while the poorer sort attend to ploughing and weaving.

Among

the go-

vernment

who have been employed

in this district,

may

be mentioned

A- 1^

Choo-seilng, the father of the cele-

brated philosopher, of

whom

upright cotiduct; and

5^

^ .^

^^

Le-tong, *a» the instructot?
for
hi«

|^ j^

Tin-hwln
in

was distinguished for
banditti.

his steady

Te4ng-ji;ak-kok

exertions

opposing
salt.

The production:

of

this

county are

silver, iron, marble, white grafs-clotb,

musk, and rock
districts, «j

The county of

^^

Keen-lf ng, contains seven
K(:^n>an

fellow

:

J^^
p^^

^^
l^
jP|^

established ease.

Aou-l£ng
Kii^n-yang

tea-cup tranquility.
established vigour.

^
^'.

Chdng-an

-^

exalted case.
the river-side ciUdel.

P'ho6s«ng j[^
Cheng-hfl
Sijflng-khcy

^

jE5(Jftl> regulated harmony.

i^ ^^^

the

fir

tree stream.

The

scat of

government
is

is

in

the two

districts

Kedn-an and

Aou-l«ng.

This county
the east by

bordered, on the north and norlh-eaSt, by part of the province of
oti

|g

Si;kou-bo6,
Iviag

Hok.l«ng, '0. and on the north-west and

the sonlb by

|g
is

Hok-chcw and
l)^

^ 2^
<

^ ^X

Cheet-kang,

on

Yetrt-peng,
jf£j

on the west hy

north by part of the province of jjX

Kang-»oy.

The

^^
c»y,

ca^Jital

on

the eastern shore of the river

^j

B4n,

not nroch inferior, either
auCTcred

in

beauty of size, to the mefropoli^ having revolted from the -4^

of Hok-kecn.

In the last war with the Tartars,
it

it

much damage
laid in ashes,

for,

'^

Ta6-ch'heng dynasty,
sword.
built

was taken, after a long
the
fire

siege,

and

most of the inhabitants being put to the

On

this

occasion

consumed a bridge over

the swift river

Efl U4n,
was also

the

pillars

whereof were

of free stone, to a great height, and finished on the top with

wood

<

it

adorned with houses and

shops on each side; being

now

rebuilt, the
\

town has regained something of
city is another
is
it.

its

former

lustre.

Beyond

the bridge, on

the opposite shore, stands a stately pagoda

and near the

handsome bridge,

also furnished with shops and
all

houses, on both sides.

The

city of

ig ip

Kiien-lfing

a place of great trade, for

those commodities which

come

either

up or down the river must pass ihroiigh

The

city itself

is

larger than

^^

^

Ye4n-p4ng, but

not so
very
is

closely built, having several corn-fields within the walls.

The

streets arc all

paved with pebbles, and are

full

of inhabitants, who get their living hy the manufacture of coarse paper.

Farther up the river

vM
i^

Bin,
taken

the city jHj t|£ l"hue-s£ng,

beyond

which

the

river

is

no longer navigable t here the merchandise

;«tviii

out of the
into

vessels,

and carried by porters over high mountains and deep

vallies,

a distance of four days journey,

the

province of Cheet-kang.

The whole way,

as far as the art or labour of

man

can

make

it,

is

levelled,

and paved with square stones, being provided at intervals with houses and
lers.

entertainment villages, for the

of travel-

The goods

to be transported over the mountains are

first

for weighed, and delivered to a head man, who,
if

a certain gratuity, sends them, by porters, to other places, where the merchant receives them without any trouble:

any thing happens to be

lost, the

head

man

is

bound

to

make

it

good.

It

is

said, that there are

always about

10,000 porters ready at the spot, wailing to receive goods, and carry them
is

over
is

the

mountains.
in

A

toll-house

erected

at

the head
is

of the road, for the levying of a small duty, which
celebrated for
its

employed
jtt"

keeping the road in

repair.
city

This county

mountains,

among which

are the famous

^s

Boo-S

hills,

near the

of

^ -^
the the

Chong-an,

which produce a superior sort of
the

tea, called

Bohea;

this

hill is

divided into nine peaks,
is

and has a rivulet running between them called
of,

J^ vS

Hflng-k'hey, "pearly stream," which

highly spoken

for

beautiful

winding of
of priests

its

waters.

Here are

to be seen a number of temples and monasteries, on the
this region
is,

hill-tops,

residence
ofiBcers

and hermits; the scenery about

also, so picturesque, that

many

noblemen and
to

of government, retiring from the world, select

this as the residence in

which they desire
is

end

their

days.

Near

the city of Jt^

j^
The

P'hoe-seng,
river

is

a

hill

called vfe i2-' G6-leang, which
this

reckoned

one of the ten great mountains of China.
of spoken of in the description
rises
in

^

iE

^
;

Bin, which runs through
in

county has been already
Tong-k'hey, which

Y«;6n-peng county
ftf

addition to this,

is

the

the mountains between the provinces
into the

i}j^

f[^ Cheet-kang

and
:

jjjS

M

^ ^%
"il

Hok-keen, and running south-

ward,
begins

falls

^
^*
last

BSn, below the

city

of

jS

^

Keen-16ng

also, the

brook

W\

Kew-keak, which

in

the ^Sr
falls

B06-6 mountains, runs from thence south-westward, and,
into

after passing by the city of

Keen-ySng,

at

the river

^
be

]^

[«:
also

B^n, near the city of sfe
of which
dashes

m'

Keeu-16ng.

The Chinese speak

of cataracts, a hundred fathoms deep, the

spray

about like

falling pearls;

and of old grottoes,
said to be

with their
incessantly

stone

doors,
to
the

which

are

to

met with

in this

romantic
of a

district.

Here the people are

addicted
while

study, every

family

being possessed

library,

and every

village acquainted with
all the district:

righteousness,
flourished
split

chanting

of odes and reciting of books may be heard, throughout

here

another Orpheus,
soild rocks;

who played upon an

iron flute, and produced sounds that penetrated the clouds, and
his clothes

the

and here dwelt a self-denying philosopher, who, as hong as
despised
all

would hold together

by a hundred
distinguished

patches,
officers,

the silks

and satins of the whole province.

This county has had several

some celebrated for the suppression of
on the fate of empires, and

banditti, others for the preservation of
testified against the vices

human

life;

others, again, discoursed learnedly

of the age.

Among

the

distinguished
character,

natives

may

be mentioned

and contempt of the world;
;

^ ^
J\^

Ch'hae-gwan-ti^ng,

who

taught, his disciples independence of

this

man

applied to

J|^

^

/^^ Choo-bfln-kong, the celebrated philosopher,
16

to be received as his pupil

but the

latter declined that

ley chpo che leet
respect due

S ^ ^ ^ '^ ^ "^ ^ '^ ^ ^ ^^^1^}
^

honour, saying, G06 tong e
^

yew soo
to

che, put long chae

'I ought
"

serve

him

with the

to an old friend, but cannot think of classing

subsequently

became
"=

the

disciple

him among my disciples. His son, Ch'hae-sim, fj^ of the great commentator; and assisted him in writing a commentary on the

^

rl

S

S^^"g

Besides these, the county of

^^

KiJen-lgng

has produced a famous

man

called

iH

^

XXIX

Ho£-aD-kok,
the

who wrote
fir

a

coirtnentary

on

the-

^

^t](

Ch'hun-ch'hew, and who was dignified with the
fail to

title

of

evergreen

tree

of literature: which shews, »ay the Chinese, that celebrated regions ne»er

produce

extraordinary raen.

Besides these literary characters, the Chinese fable of a superhuman

genius, called

"the true

man of

the hazy atmosphere," who,

— with

a bald head and bare feet,

— living on air and devouring mists, — used to
is

rith a smite to the deepest recess of the point wi

^^
county

Bo6-e
are,

hills,

covered with while clouds, and say, there

rov

residence. ce.

The
the
tea

natural

productions of this
ff!

the silver of

H6ng-an,

of

^

^^ |^

P'hoe-seng, the iron of

j^ -^
after

B06-6, and the books of

^ [^

Keen-yang, which have been always sought

by merchants.

The county of 'SK •Sr Seaou-boo
Seiou-boo
Kong-tek

contains the followiDg districts:

T'hae-Mng
Keeii-iSng

^ m^, -^ ^^ ^^
is

awakened military ardour.
bright favour.

^

great tranquility.
established tranquillity.

The

seat of

government
is

^K ^a in BR

tJjP

Seiou-boo.

This county
T'heng-chew,
and

bounded on the

east by

^^

Kt;en-16ng, on the south by

J^

^

Yi^eh-p^ng and

)T

i)A

on the west and north by the province of VJl
first fortified

^Q
in

Kang-sey.

The

capital city of this region

was anciently a mean place, and was
a firm and profitable
soil,

and enfranchissd

the
it is

pP Tflng

dynasty.

Thi»- county possessing

and being on the borders of the province,

fortified with severalgarrisonA.

The

peopli-

of this
here
ta«,
is

and elegant scholars, easily moved, and with region are sturdy agriculturists,
healthy, and the air pure and cold.

difficulty pacified; the climate
is

The most

celebrated mountain in this county
|.{1;

the -f^
in the.

i^

Ch'hitot

"seven terraces:" and of rivers may be specified 'he

v^jR

Cheauu-k'hey. which begins

mounUin

^ 8^ ^
]$l

Oe-kwun, "black prince," and

glides from thence southward, then eastward by the city of

bod; thence bending to the south, in the county "f

51

^

^R

^

Soaou-

Ve«n-p{ng,

it

falls into the

TO V^

Sey-k'hey, near

Chi-ang-lok, from whence both streams run easterly, and pour their waters into the
city
is

^

B4n.
i>

The mosf

remarkable
Pek-ch'he,

J^ j^

Oe-pan,

"the black

mound," and

the

most distinguished

village

that of

|^

"the
and

white mouse."

Of
h<

^
lit

public officers, Sjfc l^i
for
in

and decision,

jfe

!fl^

^

o-yit pj^ were distinguished, Se-g«-scng

-^

-—.

i^

Soe-wfly-ching
the.

was remarkable for

his purity

Yin--

hia

improvement of

public morals;

the

Hflng-teung
tie

with

^^
JT

^

^^
;

I>-kong and
and

Scing dynasty, for their services to the slftU
their

^

were equally celebrated for jp^ L6-h6iig.choe

deep erudition,

as a

proof of which,

great

philosopher j|c

^^
^ilil

Choo-bQn-kong acknowledged

the

one

for

bis teacher and the other for his

friend.

The

natural productions of this county are said to be, silver, iron, copper, and tea.

Tiie county of

T'hen^-chcw contains the following

districts

:

—*

Te4ng-t'hcng
L£iig-hwa

^ /k
_tl

^ jT

^

the lengthened district watered by the T'beng.

peaceful renovation.
ihe

Seang-hdng

;}yLj

upper

H4ng

district.

Bo6p6ng
Chheng-lew

^^ ^^

^

Boi-pai^S^ pacified military ardour.

the pure flow. J^^^ Ckhai"S.it6u,

jaa.
r

E'ng-teng

^ j^ Kwuj-hwa g^lj^, ^^ ^
Le4n-s6ng
^

the connected citadel

.

a returning to complete renovation.
eternal settlement.
'•/T

The

seat of

governmept
is

is

in

-^

TeSng-theng.

This county
the south

bordered on the east by
province

^^

Teen-pgns, on the south-east by
\'X,

M '^
some

Lefing-gftm, on

by part of the

of Canton, on the west by that of

Kang-sey,

and on the north bv
respects, those

«R
and

•JT Se4ou-bo6,

The manners and demeanour of
of China;

the people of this district resemble, in
f-ond

of the

middle regions

they are bold and, courageous,

of fighting, but at the same time honest
hill is well

upright.
;

The

picturesque
the
it

scenery

about the R\,

hM G6-Ieang
"
gate,

("sleeping dragon")
hill

worthy of

being sketched
Lfing-hwa,
"
hill,

while

h£ P^

Leilng-bfln,

"

dragon

a

to the westward of the city of
liie

appears

as if

were piled up into the clouds; the green freshness of

^
iri

^

/ft/

ill

Kim-san, "golden

would please the admirer of landscapes, but the precious metals therein contained would tempt more strongly
of the multitude; the gold mines discovered in this of the capital of
hill

the
it

cupidity
lies

were

first

south

VT M

Worked

the dynasty

tP
is

Song;

T'heng-chew, near the city of

J^

*j||^

Seang-hang, on the eastern shore

of the river

^T

T'heng

;

upon

it

there are three little lakes, which, the Chinese say, turn the iron that

thrown

therein into copper.

The

river
T^fr

>}T T'heng

commences

in tlie territory of

southward by the city of

J^

Siiang-hSng, enters the county
course,
it

ofVBH

M Tiiaouchew,

jM*

(m

T'heng-chew, and proceeding
in the

province of Canton,
it

where continuing
that,

its

southerly

discharges

itself into the

sea.

The Chinese remark on

as singular,

while

all

the other streams of this province flow easterly,

this

alone should have a direct Bouthchly course.
ftfr

Of

the distinguished natives of this county,

some have been celebrated

their abstinence

and uprightness, others

for their learning and poesy; So that the county has not been left ^lestitute of talent

.

This region has abundance

of

all

things

requisite

for the sustenance of mankind, notwithstanding
tin,

it is

so mountainous; and possesses at the

same
herbs.

time ^old, silver, copper,

and iron mines-

it

produces likewise wax, grass-cloth, and various mfedicrnal

The county

of

JfS.

^S_ Hok-l5ng contains the following

districts:

Hfty-p'hoe pS"

Im

the misty water's edge.

Hok-teng

jfig
Tjjl^

Hok-an
Lfing tek

the haj>py caldron. jBj^ ttX the happy rest.

'j^

' :

|^

tranquil virtue.

Sew-leng

Si ^9
is

long-lived tranquillity.
Fiay-p"hoe.

The

seat of go'verriin^nt
is

in

'^ ^m
the

This county

l)ordered

on

east

and south-east by the

sea,

on the south a^d south-west by
ittj*

SS

Hok-chew, on the west by
county
is

^^
and

>Uj

KeiSn-ieng,

Md

on the north hy the province »f

VX

Cheet-kang.

This

very mountainous, and the ways across the hills ire S(!arcely passable, eSpecrilty towards the north and
r^glirtii,

north-east; hence the literary examiner protSeds to this

frbm KS

wj

H</k-cheW, by water.

The

city of
this

Hi^
»ity

'ifii

Hok-!6n^
the hill

is

fair

large, fy?ng near the Sea, to

its

great commercial advantage.

.\ little

above

rises

S^

'^

Leflng-sew,

"

dragOn head;"

south of the same appears the high mountain ilt |||

tUEKl

Hdag-un ; on
the

the

same

side

is

the hill
its

m

^
high

Llm-kim. " southern gold " and
•,

north-east thereof stretches
rises in

nibualata

y^ Kg

Tac-16,

with
to

six

precipices.
the

The

river

^

Lira

a mountain of that
itself

name,
the

and

running

from north
is

south,

through

territory

of

njS fei.

Uok-I£ng, empties

iat«

sea.

This ceunty

not celebrated for the possession of

many famous men; but the

hills are said to

jicM

silver.

The county of *B»

visi

Tafi-wan contains the followin? districts:

Tafi-wan

i^ f^i
Kl IM

terraced harbour.

Hong-san
Choo-ld

phenix

hill.

3S ^1

diverse nets.

Cheang-hwa
This
•ituated

^g /K
called

variegated renovation.

county
to

is

commonly

Formosa, by Europeans, on account of the beauty of
is

its

scenery

;

it

is

opposite

the

main land of the province of Hok-keen, and
io

governed by

officers sent

from China.

This island was originally
speaking a
nent
difiFerent

the

possession
first

of several savage
visited

tribes,

resembling the Malays in complexion, but

language; the
it,

Europeans who
it

this

country were the Spaniards and Portuguese;

to them, the

Dutch took

and finding
and
in

advantageously situated for their Japanese and Chinese trade, formed

a considerable settlement upon

it-,

1632 built there a strong fort, called the castle of Zealandia, surrounded

with a double wall, and provided with redoubts and ramparts: this fort was taken in 1661 by Cox'wga Abe famous

Chinese pirate, whose adherente afterwards submitliiig to the Tartar dynasty, the city and territory surrounding
have since remained
in

it

the

possession

of the
;

Chinese.
its

"Formosa,"
is

" has a Chinese says Malte Brun,

Go

vernment, with a garrison
is

of 10,000

men

but

aurhority

limited to the west side.

The

city of

Tae-wao,

populous and wealthy
to

;

the streets, in straight lines, and oqvered with awnings for seven or eight months in the

year,

protect them from the heat of the sun, lined witt: storehouses and elegant shops, where silks, porcelain,
other

varnished and
galleries,

wares

are

arranged

with

admira:ble art,- so as to give the appearance «f

'so

many charming
city is defcndjcd
it

would be delightful
fortress,

to walk in, if less

crowded with passengers and better paved.

This

by a good
extremely
the
little

which was built by the Dutch.
only

The harbour

is

spacious and deep, but the entrances of
,

are

narrow, and

eight or twelve feet deep.
islands

Between
or

the port of Tafi-wan and the coast of China,

archipelago of the
an'd

of

j^

pAn P'hfing-hoC,

anchorage,

a station which, with a suitable navy, might
that

command

Piscadores (Fishermen's islands), " the Channel of *' Formosa.

afi'ords

good

The Dutch,

however,

complain
set

they could obtain no fresh water there.

The Chinese

say, that the inhabitants of For'left off* their

mosa were a

of savage fishnrinen, bat

now

having<snhroitted to the Gtleistial JSinf)it«, they have

barbarous customs, and bid fair to liecome a civilixed people.

The

smaller toudty of y^k

„„v sniLvoD.

E'ng-ch'hiin contains, besides the capital, the two followisg 'diktricU '•"'"" '"^' "'="' "^ ''''"''"^ "''' •"'" Tek-hwi virtuous renovatiotf."

^

1^,

^,
\\]
,

Tai^-tefin -f^

Tid-ch'hin, great rice

"field.

Theother

wimll county

of'^

^

Leiliig-gftm contains also

two
river

districts, vtt.

Chcai»g-Hfing VBl
J«£iig'yAng

3i
-J^

the pdftin

ofthe

Chiang.

^^

'tranquilliT«<l ocean.

xuu
Tbesf two
i|y|

inferior

counties,

being lately separated, from the larger countiei of

-^

iji4

Chw&n-cbew and

Cheang-chew,

exhibit

nothing

worthy

of remark, beyojid what has been already specified in speaking of
'

the above-named counties themselves.

ON THE ORTHOGRAPHY

HOK-KEEN DIALECT.
HE
the
inhabitants

J.

of Hok-keen,
is

having

no alphabet, distinguish the sounds of

their dialect into initials^

3nd

finals,

knowledge of which

the key to the whole dialect.
I.

Of the

initials.

The

Initials, called

by them Joo-t'hofi
^Ip

i^ i^
6.

Je-l'hadu,

"head characters," are

fifteen in

number, as follow

:

1.

Lew
Peen
Kfiw

P'ho

^
!(|^

11.

Eng
Bfln

^
f^

8. 3.

3^

7.
8.
9.

T'h"a

18.
IS.

4.
5.

Kh^

^ ^
initial

Cheng
jip

"^

Ge
Ch'hut

f*
{j[J

^
B^
all
/ is

14.
15.

Tey jj^

10.

Se
in its

He

^
in the nasal, in

1.

L^w
it
is

1^

gives the

sound of

/,

combination with
in a great

those sounds which are not nasal.;

but when
case
it

joined

to

a nasal

final, the power of the

measure merged

which

acquires a sound something similar to n.
2.

Peen

y^
jj^

gives invariably the initial sound of p.
affords the initial
affords

3.

K6w
K'he

sound of

k.

4.

.^

the

initial

sound of

k'h,

which

is

the k aspirated, to be pronounced

witha strong

emission of the breath, between the enunciation of the k,
5. 6.

and the utterance of the succeeding vowel.

Tey
P'ho

^ ^

gives the initial sound of gives the initial

t.

sound of p'A, which
is

is

the
A,

p strongly aspirated an apostrophe
;

is

inserted between
its-

the

p and the

h, to

shew that the p
is

not softened by the

as in

our word

Philip,

but that, while retaining

natural sound,. the h

to be strongly aspirated before the utterance of the succeeding vowel.-

XXXIIl

7.

T'h"a
the
t

/(jjl

gives

the

initial

sound of

I'h,

which
Ar,

is

the

/

strongly aspirated, as explained
Ihing,

above.

In
as

this

initial,

is

not

softened

by

the succeeding

as in

our word

but something like that word

atteniptrd to be pronounced by a
8.

German
initial

or Hollander, just beginning to learn English.

Cheng
Jip yV

"^

conveys the
the

sound of ch as

in cheap.

9.

gives

sound of j very much softened, as the 7
crosier,

in

French, or like the sound of

s,

in the

English words pleasure, precision,
lu.

&c.
of
s.

Se

Wv
tjx

has the
is

common sound
negative
initial,

II.

Eng

a

denoting that

the

finals finals

arranged under

it

retain the sounds

of the

latter

part of the final, without any addition; except in those
e,

which contain two divided vowels, beginning
initial.

with

expressed or understood, to which the letter

g

is

generally affixed as an

Thus under

this initial

will be

found words beginning with
13.

a, e,

i,

0,

u,

w, and

3/.

Bun Mn

gives

the

initial

b;

except

when connected with a

nasal final, in
initial.

which case

it

drops the

sound of

b,

and takes that of m, as has been already observed under the

first

13.

G6 ^9
Ch'hut

conveys the

initial

sound

of

g hard

;

except

in

nasal

words,

when

it

acquires the sound

of gn, pronounced with a nasal twang.
14.

pj

gives

the

initial ch'k,

which

is

the ch strongly aspirated, to be pronounced with a

whir-

zing noise between the ch and the vowel.
15.

He
the

^
1st,

gives the initial *, but
4th,
7th,

more strongly aspirated than
and 43d
finals,

is

usual in English words.
tr,

In

its

conjunc-

tion

with

lOlh,

11th, 2-th,

being followed by

or

0.

it

approiche* nearly to

the sound of /,

Thus, the
/,

fifteen initials,
k'h,
''

when expressed by our orthography, are
Ih, or
c*>
I

as follow:
g,

and

n,

or k aspirated,

aspirated,

»,

and gn,

P'
k,

a, e,
i,

I,

0,

u,

w, and g,

cKh, or ch aspirated,
h.

p'h, or

p

aspirated,

j,

and m,
which,
n, o, p,

These

comprise,

in

all,

twenty-four
b,

distinct

initial

sounds;

arranged

according
I'h,

to

,

the

Eoclisb

alphabet, stand

thus; —

a,

ch, ch'h, e, g,

gn, h,

i,

j, k,

kh,

I,

m,

ph,

t,

t,

u,

w, and g.

In

this

arrangement
the
soft

it

will

he seen,
expressed
d,

that the soft c, a, f, q, r, v, and x, are wanting.

However,

if

we

consider
will
in

that

c

may be
the

by
v,

»,

the

hard
=,

c

by

Ar,

and the q by kw, the Hok-kiien dialect

be

found to

want only
word,

f,

r,

x,

and

of our

alphabet,
easily

which

letters

are

never

found

any Hok-kiJen

neither

can

the

natives

of that

province

pronounce any

word

beginning

with them.
II.

Of the

finals.

I

The
fifty

finals

used

in

the

Hok-keen

dialect,

and called Joo-boe

3L

-0;, Je-boi, "mother characters," arc
'

in

number, as follow.
i

"iij

.vsA

XXXIV

1.

XXXV

17.
18.

Kin

nt

sounds
;

like the

English word kin; though occasionally drawled out, so as nearly to reserabte
if

kc-jfin.

Keang

^

in

this

sound the vowels are divided, as

written ke-yang, or as if the

word

kei/

were

connected with the
19.

first

syllable of the

word anger, thus key-ang.
in "camlet."'

Kam
Kwa

-y^
TTT

is

pronounced like the word kam, "crooked," or like cam,

20.

is

pronounced as

if

written koo-a, short, with the final a as in papa.
as in far.

21.
22.

Kang Ylt

is

sounded with the a

Kecm

^5

contains a

double vowel,

and

is

pronounced

as if written

ke-yem,

or according to some

ke-yim; an idea

may be formed

of this sound by taking the
key-''em.
is

word

key, and 'cm, the contraction of Ihem, and

prononncing them rapidly together, thus
23.

Kaou

^;
»

the a in this

word

sounded as

in far,

and the ou

as in

pound; some idea may be formed
as a

of

it,

if the

word cow had an a introduced, and were to be pronounced ca-ow, but rapid,

monosyllable.
if

24.

Kea

^

in this final

the vowels are divided,

and must be distinctly pronounced, as

written ke-ya

;

the a being sounded as la far.
25.

Kijcy *OT

;

in this final the

vowels are also distinctly expressed,

as if written

ko-wey and have together

the

sound of co-a
26.

in co-agent,
;

pronounced with a peculiar turn of the mouth.
a nasal sound,
like

K'a

^^

this

is

with the
in

<r

as in /iir;

pronounced with the fuH sound of the
as
if

k, It

but has

the n

is

only slightly heard:

the

ca

carpel,

enunciated

coming

chiefly

from the nose.

been described as an attempt to pronounce a syllable through the nose, while the nose
27.
28. 29. 30.

i» ibut.

Koo 11^ is pronounced exactly like the word cm, Ka J^ is a sound similar to eo, in carl.
Ke j^
is

to cry as a dove.

sounded like
is

kee, in keep,

Kew

II
if

a sound

like that

which

is

attached to the letter f, in English

-.

and

is

pronounced tike

cu in curious, or as
31.

written ke-yew, though but one syllable.
i

Kai"^

^

this

sound

is

similar to the 5th final,

kay, turned into a nasal: hence the ng are written
;

above, to intimate that they are not to retain their full sound, but to be pronounced through the noae
be sounded as in care, and the
38.
is
t

the a to

as in marine.
is

Kwui'^

T^y

this

sound
It

similar

to

the

4th

final,

kwuy, only termiaating

in a strong nasal,

and

seemingly lost in the nose.

may
;

also be written kooi'^^ the small letters

'V not possessing

their full sound,

but intimating the presence of a nasal
33.

and the

i

to be

pronounced as

in

marine.
ke-yo,

Kio

j^

;

in this

sound the vowels are

distinctly divided,

as if written

and pronounced

as in

the syllabic geo, in geometry.
34.
35.

Kec^S
Keo"f^
Ke''a

^g
^^

is

like the 29th final, ke, only turned into a nasal.
final, kit,

resembles the S3d
is

converted into a nasal, as

if

written ke-yeo'S-

36.

^
*^

similar to the 24th final, kea, with a nasal sound introduced.

NB.

This must not be

sounded with
37.
if

the full power of the n, as ke-na, but like kea, or ke-y"a pronouuced through the nose.
is

Kw"a

the same with the 20lh final, kwa, only pronounced with a strong nasal termination

:

as

written koo-w''a.

XXXVl

38.

Ke^S
is

ip^

this
^

sound

is

by some written

fco"^,

and by others ku"S, but the difference

is

immaterial,

as the

word

sounded as

if

attempted to be pronounced without any vowel, thus k^S.

The vowel

is

inserted princi-

pally for the purpose of bearing the accent.
39.

Kay

w\

is

a sound so

much resembling

the 5th

final,

that

when

this

Dictionary was commenced the

same
the

letters

were employed for expressing both; but closer examination has discovered a difference; the sound of
flat

5th final resembling the
40.

a in care, and that of the 39th, the a \n fale, to

rhyme with gay, may, &c.

Kae"S

VtA

is

like the 16th final, kae, but terminating in a nasal.

41.

K"oe -A
t^"*

is

the same with the 11th final, koe, converted into a nasal.

42.

mu:

is

a

sound

attempted to be

formed

without

opening the

lips;

something like the conit,

tracted

'm

in take 'm.

It is in fact

merely the sound of m, without any vowel either before or after
to open his

or like

the reply of an indifferent person,
43.

when too lazy

mouth.

Kwang yj^
.Kwae°o
Miiey

is

a sound borrowed from the Mandarin dialect, and

may

be sounded koo-wang, pronounced

as a monosyllable.

44.
45. 46. 47.

E9
is

resembles the 8lh

final,

kwae, converted into a nasal as
final,

if written

koo-wae"S.

^
'^

something similar to
is

.the 25th

kdey, only beginning with a nasal.

K"eaou

ff^
;

the

same with the 12th
sound the o

final,

keaou,

turned into a nasal.

Chom

in

this

is full,

as in chop,

and rhyming with adm in sombre,

but pronounced

as though the
48.

mouth was
"2/^
is

quite full.
final,

Gnaflu

resembles the 23d

kdou, only

commencing with a

nasal.

49.
50.

K"o JrL

like the 15th final, ko with a nasal introduced.
is

Gnfiw ^rthese

a sound resembling the 30th
with
the

final,

kew, beginning with a nasal.

\

All

finals,

exception
the final.

of

five,

begin with a k, which being dropped, the remainder of the

word
letters,

is

what
and

properly

constitutes

Of
final

the other five, those beginning with ch, m, and g, drop those
;

leave the rest of the

word for the

while u'" having no

initial

consonant,

is

a

final as it stands.

The
,1.

finals

without the

initial letters are as

follow:
SI.


^1. iU"S
e-yem
32, wuing, or ooj"^
83, eo,

wuti, or oo-uK

11.

oe, or o-oo

ang

41. "oe
42. a""
43. uiang, or

2.

6en, or e-yen

12. eaou,

or e-yaou

22. eem, or

3.

im, or e-im

13. ey,
14.

or e-ay

23. aou

or e-yo

oo-wang

4.

wuy, or oo-wy

eung, or eong
"

B4. ea, or e-ya
25. iiey, or

34.

ee"S

44. wae'"S, or oo-wae^S
45. "'oey
46. "eaou, 47. 48.

5-

ay

13-

o-wey

35. eo^S, or e-yeo"S.
36. e^a, or e-y"a

C.

an
ong
wae, or oo-wae

16. ac

26.

"a

or "e-yaou

7.
8.

17. in,

or e-yin or e-yang

27. oo
28. a 29. e
30. eu; or e-yeK\

37.
38.

w"a, or oo-w"a
e"S, or u"S

om
"aou

18. eang,
19.

9. eng, or e-eng
'la,

am

39. ay
40. ae"S.

49 "o
50. ""ei», or "e-yew.

wan, or oe-wan.

20. wa, or oo-a.

jdwvii

Of

these fifty finals, thirty-three' are pIain,-Bnd stvetiteen n«sal souirfs.

"Hie plain sounds consist

of—

Three simple vowels,

,-.i*..".

».-b..

—"Y' <
y,

28.

«, as in far.
.

29.
15.
II.

6, as in

me.

o, as in go.
oe,

f
I

as in hoe.
i.

16.
5.
I

ae, something like
ay, as a

flat, in care.

39.

Eight dipbthoogs,

I

ay, as a slender, in gay.
1^, as in they.

13.

27. 30.
23.

00, as in coo.
eitr,

as in yew.

aou.
ea.

Three double vowels, divided by a

dioerbesis.

33.
as. {24.

eo.

oey.

One

triple

vowel, divided by a dioErhesis,

-

-

12.

eaou.

am.
an.

Five syllables consisting of a vowel and a consonant,

'

im.
in.

I" L
Three syllables containing a vowel and two consonants.

47.

om.
ang.

r2. {22.

eng.

ong.

eem.

Two
Two

a syllables containing

double vowel and a consonant.

een.

ria 18.
syllables with a

double vowel and a double consonant.

eang.
iwig.
via.

I 14

C

20.
8.

Koie.
tr an.
tt'ang-.

10.

Six syllables, beginning with a w.

43.
1.

wiin.
tcujr.

.

4.

The
by
giving

nasals are formed

from the plain sounds, by attempting to pronounce them
in

through

the nose, or

them

a

nasal

twang

the

termination;

and arc expressed by
first,

an

n,

m, or ng, being prefixed,

inserted,

or afiised, above the line.

Of

the nasals there are three kinds;

those in which single vowels or
2dly,

diphthongs take, a nasal sound, which are denoted by a small n preceding the nasal vowel.

Those formed
3dly,

by

a

half-expressed ng terminating the word, and

communicating

its

nasal sound to the whole.

Those
to the

formed

by

the

letter

m,

in

which

the

sound of the

m

ii

so prevalent, as to

communicate

it» force

whole word.

xxxviil

Of

the

.first

sort of nasals, there are eight, as follow
26.

;


"eaou, formed from 12,

la,

formed from

88. 84.
20.
11.

a

46.
48.

36.
37.

e^a,

ed

"aou,
"o,

——

^

eaou

23.
15.

aou

w"a,
"osj

wa
oe
nasal,

49.
50.

41.

"ew,

——

30.

ew.
alter the sound, as

In

these

instances

all

the

letters

after

the

" are

" does not so though the fuUj

to deserve notic.e in an alphabetical arrangement.

Hence

in the following Dictionar;, the nasal

sound "a follows
initials

immediately after the plain a, and
/,

is

not reserved to

"be inserted

under the

letter

n

;

except where one of the
letters
is

b,

or

g

is

joined

to any of the

above nasal

finals,

in

which case the power of these

merged

into

that of n, m, and gn, which are then written large, and arranged under their proper places in the alphabet.

Of

the second sort of nasals, there are seven as follow:
31.
32.


eo"S',

ai"^,
wui""^,
ee"S",

formed from

5. 4.

ay
wui/
e

35,
38. 40.

formed from

33.

eo

e"^,

7.
16.

ong
ae

34.

29.
44.

ae"S,
8.

wae^S,
in the

wae.
it

In

these

cases

the

"S

is

bo

clearly

discernible

pronunciation of the word, that although

has not

-seemed necessary to write the "S

has been paid to these letters in the alphabetical large, yet attention arrangement

Of

the third sort of nasals, there are two, as follow:
42. u'"


45.
nuiei/.

The number of
'Chinese
to

these finals

is

increased by the contracted tones formed from them.
in-

These appear to the

make only
These

a

difFerenfe

the intonation, but in -European writing they req^u ire a variation in the

orthography.

contracted

tones

do

not always
in

terminate in the same letter, but vary according to the

orthography of the several
tone by

finals;

thus finals ending

a

vowel, whether nasal or plain, form the contracted

adding
of
this

a h

rapid

A to the end of the word, with a short

mark on

the preceding vowel, as ka, kah

;

the
is

presence

however does not intimate that the

latter part of the
is

word

is

aspirated, -but only that it

contracted, and suddenly stopped, before the full sound of the word
t

completed.

Finals terminating in n, form
table.

in the
1.

contracted sound; those in

to

form p; and those

in

ng form k; according to the following

Kwun

forms

kwut

XXXIX

41.

XL

ch'hoe

ki?

ne»g

p'hoOh

hew
no noe
nooi^S

O
oe
oey

58yh Oh

ok
ong oo
eoh,

pae
pai"g

pak
pan

pang paou
paoiib

pat

pay
pSiyh

pe

pe^a

pe&h peak
peang

peaou
pe£b peen

pee"»

pec"gh
peet

pek
peng

3SWI

I.

Kwun

connects

itself

with

its initials

in the folloiriog
t'*,"a

manner:
j,ip
, '

r l,6w

p,een k,6w

k'h,e

i

t,9y
tutf

p'h,d

ch,eng

Sji

^ng
vim

i,«2n

g.,i

ch'h,ut

h,6

K,wun

<
I

',,

lun

pun
this

kwun
s«btiitic,

k'kvmn
the

p'hun

i'hun
is

chun
in:

jun
its

sun

bun

node

ch'hun

hwun.
but

According to
if

ur^of'ithe final
thatf'

omitted

connecjtio*:.,

with several pf the

initials,

the final be souaAei'lioo-umn,
'

Omission will not be discernible, thd^r''"'!

•''

'

i.

,

,,

li,, tr ,'.'<[

;

ft,iw

p,ee9i.i.
_
.

.

fc,6w

k'hji

t,ey

p'h,6

Cki^a
j,

chveng
ch'oo-wuii

jip
^,,

:j*^([
,,

,eng,

!fc.

Koo,-wun<

,,

\,loO:Wun poqr.it>un

koo-wun Ic'hoo-wun too-wiin p'hoo-wun iyioo-wun

joo-wun 'tod-wun oo-wun,
ti,fi4\y

Sfc.

These

sounds
4th, 8th,

however

must

not'' be:

too

muci)

lengthened out, but
finals,

pronounced

as

monosyllables.

The

10th, 20th, 39d,

37th,' 4Sd,

and 44th

all

T)eginning with w,
t|),e,same

may hiVB

that

w

preceded by,

or changed into oo, and thus be J9i.ned with their
8.

initials

in

way

as.,

above.

^.,,j|(',,

Keen
l,^w

conneofsiitself with

it* initials
-111...

as

follows:—
_
t'h,"a

"'i1

/ •
,'

't

iior.iVt^

r K,eeni

p,ien
p'een

k,6w
'>'-'

k'h,i

''"''

l,^^

p'ho

ch,eng cheen

j,ip

>,i

,eng
gfien

b,un

g,i
g'een

ch'h,ut

h,i

l^l'een

-l^^t
udS^t*

k'heen '\t8^

p'heent'keen

Jeen

seen,

been

ch'heen

heen

Here a y
tion

is

-inserted

the

lltn initial,

and

trill

be foun4 prefixed

to

the

same
is

initial,

in itt conjunc-

with

all

those
e,

fiqa;!^

which bavC
If

e followed by a vowel or diphthong.

This

done on account of the
in the

lengthening of the
position
30th,

the consonant

being equivalent

to

ee,

and being formed by 'placing the organs

of

e,

and

squeezing

thetongue against the roof of thp. mouth.
'finals

Th^

2d,

12th» 14i(h, I8th, S9d, 24th,

33d, 85th, S6lh, 4«th, and 40th
».

are incioided

under this

rule.

The 3d and

itth finals, though begin-

ning with
other

of e yet, as they (la^ve a sliglit spiund

connected with them,, are inclu4ed under the same rule.
is

'Underall the

finals,

the conjunction with >tbe' llth initial

formed merely by leaving out the

first letter

of the

final.

3.

Kim

connects, itsplf with,/|te Initials as follows:—
p,een / j/Mf
k' hi
ii

^

f l,iw
l_

>"•:[%( [t,ey

p'h,6

,t'h,"a
t'him
i

ch,tfis
I'

j,ip

s,i
..

,eng

b)i»M

,

g,i

cHhiut
ch him

h,i

Hm

none

mm

k'him
.1

tim th
;".

none
.

chim
"'
jo;.

Jim

sim
"
'"

yim

none

gim

him

,:

For they under the
4.

lltt), initial,

swrTVle under the; .2d

final.

Kwuy

is

ioinefl with its initials in the following
kj,^m-

manner';'—
ch,eng j,ip
'

C l,iw p,een

*'*.^

.,.,

;

<t^^
'luy

P'l''«

t'h,"a

s,i

,eng


bwuy
1st final.

S,^

ch'h.ut

h,i

Kwuy
For

{

\_lui/

pwiij/

heuy

k'hwtiy
in

p'hwuy-

fhuy

chuy

jwuy

suy

wuy

guiuy

chhwuy

hwuy

the omission of the
5.

w

connection with some
its initials
:

initials, see

remarks under the

Kay

is

thus jointed with


Vh,^a
'•"''^V
;

r l,iw

p,een

k,(w -HfH
11th,

k'h,i

t,ey

p'ho

ch,eng
«*'»y

jjp
"•*"*
i

sj

,eng

b,An

g,e

ch'h,ut

h,i

I '"y

m^
9th,
-424',

fVi'
13th,

^"y

f^^
19th,

P* "*,

*"*

^"^

cVhay
35th

hay
39tb,

The

6th,

7th,

15th,

16th,

21st, 23d, 25th,

26th, 27th, 2Sth, 29th, 31st, 3tth,
thie

40th, 4ia,

43lh, 47th, 48th, 49tb; and 50th finals gOth, ssa; srth, 43d, and 44(tb,
finals,

are all join6d in

«anle manher; Without any variation.

The

Sth,

idth,

may

also be referred' toMthiS eS&tnple,

which

is

the usual

method

{oib V^d:

ofjOin?ng4hiii^rswi^

XLlll

6.

Kan

is

thus joined with

its initials

:

fl,iw
(_

p,Sen

k,hB

k'h,i

t,By

p'k,6

f*,"«

ekteng

jAf
none

*,i

,eng

M"
>«ii

ff.*

cKh.vt
ck'han

h,i
halt

/an

pan

Aon
its
\-'...:.

k'han

tan

p'han

fkan
in
.:.
.

ekcH

fOM

m
,eng

I'on

7.

Kong forms
.''':.
>.

junction with
k'h.i
'

its initials
..,

a similar manner, thus:
:.

:

.

.

.-y-.

-'..,,

«.'>

..

'>.>.',

-

.

^

'''' •'•' ICong I I long pong
8.
\

r l,tw

p,8en

k,6w
'
'<

t,iy
•'
'

,

"

p'h,i

eh,*m

ek^eng

-^
p'hong

-

, I'^'iA

-

jjp
none
.]>

i,i

kAn
..'•I

g,t
-;it,'i!^

ek'h,uty
-.''''
i:'

h,6

ri-A'r.

-^,uv,-.\

kong

k'hong

long

t'hong ^

ehong
.

":!:

tong
I-

ong

bong

gong
iiii:'-^

ch'hong

hong

Kwae
l,iw

Joins with
•*

its initials thus.~
I

.'.V

s^'"',>\

p,een

k,iw

i'Ai*

fej/

p'U
none
:

eh"if

ch,eng

j,ip

.

\

fi

,eng
tvae

ft.jjn

g,e
gaiae
,•

ch'b,ut

h,e

Kttae \

cnone
Keng
ha

pwae
is

kwae

k'hwae
its

none
injtj^h

none

chwae

npoi^

none

bwae
,:

none

hwae

9.

thus joined with


'

p,een

A,^
keng

• ,

k'h,i

t,iy

p'h,6

1**,^*.

vr*,«Mr

j,'P

*<t

.«»«•

M"
b*ng
.,^<A

ff.4

ch%Mt
cVheng

h,e

Keng

{" leng
10,

peng

k'heng

teng

p'heng
:

Cheng

cheng

jeng

seng

eng

geng
t»\y\

heng

Kwan
l,iw

ugite$ thus with its initial*

p,een

U,iw

k'h,i

.t,lif

p'h^

..x.fhl^ik

ch,mig j^ip

M
iwan

^mg bjtm

.

gxi

cVk^t

h,i

K,wan

<

Iwan
11.

pwan

kwan
itielf

k'hwan

twan
its

p'hwan
iaitiaU:

t'kwam

«A»«s

71*011

tMn b»an gwtn ctfhwan

hwan

Koe connects
iw
p,Sen
'

thus with
fc**^

kiiu>

ft, K,oe i

l,e^
toe
its
-

p'h,i

l'A,'«

ck,»itg

j,tp'^$,t'^''>img

*,iln

gji

ch'h.ut

h,i

he llo
13.

poe
is

koe

k'hoe

p'hoe

fhoe

choe

none

''tdi''"**'""
final.
..
.

''Will"'-

'ir»^""'lvAiff
'

hoe

Keaou
,
.

thm
•,

Joined with
,1,
,

initialsi-^Me the nAte under the Sd
iii'^i.

^

r
V.

_

,

"

,

1

l,iw

p,een

l;iw

k'h,i

1,1^

p%i

.•'•''•A, #n.i..'v.

X.-

'.

',

wniV

A

..

i.,...A

11

•nil

.kvwa'i

tfk,'m

ek,eng j,ip

t4

,«ng
j/aou

t,4M

g,t
g'iaou
"'''^

cM.mI
cVheaou

hi
h'eaou

leaou piaou

keaou

k'heaou

Uaou p'heaou fhiaou chiaou jeaou $eaou

Haou

is:

Key

is

thus united with JU inlK»ls:
'

'*^'\
c^h]t^
h,i

r
Key {
\.

"
t,t

l,iw
ley

p,.ien

k,iw

k'h,i

t.fy

p'ho

«'*,"«
t'hey

ek,eng

jjp

,eng

i,4n ""glk
*^"ii^'

pe pey

key

k'hey
it*

ley
;

p'hey

chey

eMi"ief'' <^"
fi«al.

''«»> 'A'**^

hey

14.

KeuiH^ unites thu> with
r l,iw i,t p,<kn
peuitg

initials

i^-^c the aote under the 9d

JcM

li%i

1,0]/

ph^

l'*,"«

<it,eng

jAp vf*tt

'.

^ettg

tjtk

g,t

,

ck%ia

.'

k,i

Keung
L leu ung
15.

keung Ifkeung Viang none fhiimg ekeung
its

jemg

tiimg yung iiom gimttg ek'hStitig'hfung
'
i

Ko
1

unites thus with

initials

:

tw

p,een

k,iw

k'h,i

t,iy
to

p'ki

I"*"*

ch,eng
eko

Ko

i,i>

;,V
10

.,,«W|r

b,4n
bo

g,i

ehh,ia
ek'hff
\.r

h,i

{:
16.
',i>»

po

.

ko
itself

k'ho

p'ho

fho

none

v

go

ho

Kae connects
P,een

with

its initials

thus:
p'h,6
t'h,"/t

Kae

'

k,im
kae

kh,i

t,iy

ck,ong

jJp
aofie

tj
toe

,tmg
mt'

tM
iter
'

tH-

ek'kivf
..

rh,i
,

{" lae

pae

k'hf

tae

p'hae

t'hae

ckae

«w

oh'kM

kae

iXMV

17.

Kin connects
p,een

itself

thus with

its initials

!

— see the note
CK^a
t'hin

under the 2d
i;,
:

final.
'I'y

.

I'

Ir.iiiioj.

:*irili

k,iiii

!c'h,i

t,ey
tin
•(!.•)!

p%6
p'AJB

ch,eng
chin

j,ip

*,t tin
\'-\A

,eng

b,dn
bin
':-.'.

g,i gin

ch%ut
cKhin

h,i

lin {l,iw

pin

kin
j\-\

k'hin
:•,-

jin

yin

Mn

18.

Keang

joins thus with
k,(:w

its initials!

— see the note above.
1'',^»\>

l^.i\''

IU\!\'\^

p,een

k'h,6

tjiy

.p'h,6
u---\.

M^.^'-'

«'fc,"a »''••'^

ch,eng j,ip
"
"i-.

»,t

,eng
.

J,<Jn
.
-

g,i
.

cVh,ut
1

h,6

{l,ew leang
19.

peang kiang
joins with
p,een
'

k'hSang

Viang p'hSang t'hSang
the usual way, thusj
t,By

ehSang jeang seang yang none g'eang eVheang h'eang

Kam
l,iw

its initials in


ch,eng
j,ip s,g

r

k,iw
kain'

k'h,i

p'h,d
'\.

n,"a
. 1

,ihg

tfin

g,i
-

ch%ut
1

h,i

Kam

i
\

lam

none

k'ham

•.

ta/n

nene'-

'

i'AIsni

cAain^
"

none
'Ji""'

tarn

am
a

'Ham
•,,
,,,\

gam tVhttm
{

ham
'•""'

20.

Kwa

uniteS' with

Us

initials thuS'jii-

"•ii\'

'"""

>',

-.h-.u^

,iiu,i

j

f l,iw
''

p,een
pica

k,iw

k'h,i

t,Sy

p'h,6

t'h»a

ch,eng-

'^fji^"'' ^,i

-'%^-'''itMh'''^*iM-'^^
'

M
Awa
>\

Ivta
81i-

kwa

k^hwa

tieaV' 'p'lUM-^'^haa'''-'^chwtlt'^'\jwit.-'^wa

tea
;.-'- A

twit
^i.v<.\

gwa
--iv,-,

eh'kwa
v-v

''
Kang

Kang

joins with
k'ht)

its initials

as follows i^ii-J'
p'h,d

'"•

'^'^

-"^''

'X

-.•.'"»

J
'

f
{

l,eu>

p,een

k'h,i

t,ei/

/'A, "a

''

ch,eng

7,'^}<'''i,#''

;*)i^'

J'M'k'.^
tang

'''''^JE'*,«»

M
hang

long
22.

pang
is

kang

k'hang

tang
its.

vp'hang

V hang ^chang- none

sang
final.

ang

gang
"'

ch'kang

Keem
l,iw

thus connected with

initiaJsjM-see aote nwder the 9d
p'h,d

•'•''

p,een

k,6w

k%i
k'heem

t,iy

eh,"a
.'".

Keem { "eem<
ISem
83.

chiefig''f'fp''s\i',^g'Mh^''''f^^^^
'

h,e

none
is

kiem

teem:.

non»

t'hSeih

vhSein \:jeem

seeM

y'eem

none

giem

cVhiem

heem

Kaou

joined thus with
k,ia
k'h,i
k''haou

its initials:

,

n, tw
Kaoui.
laou I/O
34.

p,Sen

t,ey

p'M

,eh,"a

eh,ettg^

,

j,ip.

t,^,
taou

,.,etig

b,iin

g,6

eVh,ut

h,i

paou

kaou

laou

p'hapu ,fha0Urf

phaou

none

aou

baou

gaou
MtW.M.I

cVhaou

kaou

Kea
\,iv)

unites with

its initials

thus; see the note under the 8d • •.!. \
,:
,

final..
*,

;

;

-.^'iU.A

\iO«t->\

'

p,een

k,tw

k'h,6

t,Sy

p'h,6

t'h,"a

eh,eng

;J,ip
j6a.\

>,&

yeng

b,An

g,i

eh'hul

h'e

Kea \ "ea
_lea \lea
25.

none

kea

Vhea

tea

none

none.'.

chSa

ti^a-

ySa

pea

gea

ck'hea

h'ea

Koey

unites thus with

its initials.

,

,j-,i\'i

\c,a\

<j

.tv'-\

/,ew

p,een
p'dey
is

k,(w
kiiey

k'hi

(,ey.

p'h,6.'

•th,'*a

eh,eng

J,ip

1,6

,eng

b,1in

g,i

ch'h,ui
ck'hoey
ts

h.i

Koey

_

\,Vde, ISey

k'hiiey

tSey

p'hoey- tVioey-.'^ckoejf
final

Joey

loey

Sey

boey

goey

hiiey
it,

N. B.

oey

semetimes written wSey, becauie this
ko-ivey.

koey has something of the sound of a

in

and

may be pronounced
96.

K"a

joins thus with

its initials;

r

l,iui

peen

k'&w
fc"«

k'h,b
A:'A"a
it

t,ey

p'h,d

t'h,^a

ch,en^

j.i'p

t,S

,eng

*,jJn

gi

ch'h.ut

hi.

\na
This being

none
the
first

t^a

p'h^a

t'h"a

ch"a

none

t"a

"a

ma

none

none
initials',

none.

of the nasals,

becomes necessary to notice the variation of some of the
Ist,

when

connected with nasal finals; such as the

the I8th, and sometimes the

13th, initials,

which lose in a great

xlv

measure their original sounds, and merge into those of the nasals

;

thus

/

becomes n or
in the

P*,

b becomes m, and
that to
it

g

is

converted into gn.

Indeed, so

much

is

the sound

of the

initial

letter lost

nasal,
full
;

a learner's

ear the words under the above initials appear to

have the sound of n, m, and gn
but a
little

and thus

has

been
1st

thought advisable to write them in
initial

the following dictionary:

closer attention to the sound of the
/ is

when connected with a
into the

nasal final, will convince the student that the

not altogether lost, but enters

in

some measure
little

sound of the word, as though na were written i"o, but pronounced through the nose,

with a
into

more

stress laid

on the n than on the

/.

The sound

of

b, in

the 12th initial

is

more completely merged
of g,

that of m, yet

pronounced with a whining noise,
final, is

like a child

crying ma.

The sound

when con-

nected wiih a nasal

more evidently preserved than
sound.
its

the other two,

and

is

pronounced as though written

gn

full,

with a strong nasal

27.

Koo

is

joined thus with

initials:

\ l,6w

p,'een

h,6w
koo

k''h,h

t,iy

p'h,6

t'h/'a

ch,eng

j,ip

s,6

,eng 00

b,un

g,e

ch^h,ut

A,e

^

loo

poo

k''hoo

too
initial

p'hoo
is

Vhoo

choo

joo

soo

boo

goo

clChoo

huo

The sound
sound of
to

of 00 under the 11th
it,

sometimes written woo, because

this final

has something of the
in

in

as though drawled out into koo-woo;

and

this latter

form has usually been followed

the

succeeding pages.
28.

Ka

joins thus with

its initials

:

\ l,ew
(_

p,een

k,6ic

k'h,&

t,ey

p^h,6
p''ha

Vh^a
Vha

ch^eng

j,ip

s,6

,eng

b,iln

g,e

ch^h,ut

h,6

la

pa

ka
with

k'ha
its

ta
in

cha
:

none

sa

a

ba

ga

ch'ha

ha

29-

Ke

unites

initials

the

usual

way

\ l,h0

p,een

k,iw ke

k'h,i

t,iy
te

p'h,6

t^hj^a
t'he
:

ch,eng
che
the

j,ip

s,e

,eng
c

b,un
be

g,c

ch'h,ul

h,6

(

/e

pe

k'he
itself

p'he
its initials

je

se

ge

cVhe

he

30.
\

Kew

connects
k,iio

thus with

— see

rule under the

2d

final.

Kew

<

Ijiuj

p,een

k'h,i
k'heie
its

t,iy

p'h,6

Vh^a
t'hew

ch,eng

j,ip

s,i

,eng

b,un

g,6

ch'h,ut

h,e

^ lew
31.

pew

kew

tew
thus:

p'hew

chew

jew

sew

yew

bew

gew

ch'hew

hew

Kai"S joins with
S
^'^"^

initials

jj-

-ng

p,een

k,6w

A'A,fi

t,ey

p'h,6

t'h^a

ch,evg j.ip

s,6

,eng b,un

jr,e

ch'h,ut

h,6

( nai^S pat"i kai"g Vhai"S ta{"S p'hai"8 t'ha{"i chaiTS none sai^g aiPS maiPS gnay ch'hai"S hai"S This being a nasal
the
final, the 1st

and 12th

initials

in

connection with

it

are changed from
t

/

and

6, to

n and
it

m ; and
must be
n,

13th

initial

g

is

written g'n, with the omission of the final n^, the

being changed inio^; though

remembered
at

that this

sound

is

to

be pronounced through the nose,

ret.Tining the full

power of both the g and

the beginning 32.

of the word,
itself

Kwui"S connects
p,een

thus with

its initials

;

-nff

)

'j'^'"

k,(w

k'h,i

t,ey

p^h,6

t'h/'a

ch/ng

s,e.

,eny

b,un

g,e

eh'h,ut

h,6

( nooi"S pooi^S

kwufS k'hwui^S tooi^g p'hooi^g Vhooi^g cha^B
tiie

suv%"g wvi^g mooing none ch'hui^g hui"g
as

This

final

being nasal,

1st

and 12th

initials

undergo an alteration

mentioned under the 26th

final;

but

m

xlvi

there are also changes in the vowels, which

make

a difference in appearance while there

is

none
tlie

in

reality, the

vowels being changed only
the
final

to

acommodate
will

the vowel sound to the different consonants of

initials,

but

if

be written koo-i^S, the whole
Kijo unites thus with
p,een
p'eo
its

correspond.

See under the 1st

final.
final.

33.

initials:

see

the note under the 2d

Keo

l,ho

k,6w
keo

k^h,b

t^i'y
i'do

p'h,6
p'h'eo

t^h^a
t'h'eo

ch,eng
ch'eo

j,ip
ji-o

s,&
s'eo

,cng

bfin
b'eo

g,6
g'eo

cVh^ut
ch'k'eo

h,B
h'eo

^ leo
34.

k'heo
its

yeo
finals.

Kee"o

joins thus with

initials:

see under the 26th

and 31st
s,e

\ l,6w

p,'een

k,iw

k'h,b

t,ei/

p''h,6

VhP'a

ch,eng

j,ip

,eng

h,un

g,t

ch''h,ut

h,6

( nee^S pee^S kee^S kliee'^S tee^^S p^het^S Vhee'^S chef's
35.

jec'^g see^S ee^9

mee«^ none
finals.

cK'hee'^g heed's

Keo"S

unites thus with

its initials

:

— see remarks under ihe 2d, 26th and 31st
Vh^a
none
ch,eng
ch'eo^S

\ l,iw

p,een

k,6w
k'eo^9

iVj,5
k''h'eo''S

t,ey

p'h,6

j,ip

s,e

^ng
y'eo'^i

b,un

g,i

cVh^ut

h,t

(_n'eo"S none

teo"S none

none

seo^S

none none ch'h'eo^S h'eo^9

36.

Ke"a

joins thus with

its initials:

see remarks under the 2d, 26th, and 31st finals.
t^h,^a
t'h'e^a

\ l,ho

p,een

k,iw
,

k'h,&

t,ey

p'h,6

ch,eng
ch'eP'a

j,ip

s,e

,eng

bfin
m'ea

g,i

ch'h,ut

h,&

^ na

pe"a
"'

e"a

Vhe^a

te"a
is

p'he^a

none

se^a yeP'a

^'ea cVhe^a he^a
it

Here the
in the

little

denoting the nasal,

omitted under the 1st and 12th
initial
it

initials as
is

unnecessary,

being contained

k and
37.

m

at the

beginning of the words; under the 13th
its initials
:

retained.

Kw"a

connects thus with

see under the 26th and 31st finals.

\ l,iw

p,'een

k,6w
kw^'a

k''h,h

t,ey

p''h,6

fh^a

ch,eng

j,ip

s,&

,eng

b,un

g,i

ch'h,ut

h,6

^ nia^a
38.

pw"a

k'hw"'a

iw^a

p''lwP'a tliw^a

cho^a

none

sw'<'a lo'^a

muP'a none ch'hw^a hw^a
finals.

Ke"S
iw

joins thus with

its

initials:

— see remarks under the 26th
t^h,"a

and 31st

p,'een

k,6w
ke'^g

¥h,h

t,r.y

p^h,6

ch,eng

j,ip

s,&

,eng bfin

g,i

cVh,ut
cA'Ae"^

h,i

^*"^

'

nt^9

pe'^g

k'he^g te"g

none

Vhe^g

chc^g

none

se"g

e^S

none

none

he^g

39.

Kay

unites thus with

its

initials

Kay

• !,&to

p,een

k,iw

k''h,l

t,ey

p'h,6

fh"a
t'hay

ch,eng

j,ip

s,6

,eng

bfin

g,6

ch'h,ut

h,i

^

lay
40.

none

kay

k'hay
its

tay

none
thus:

chay

none

say

ay

bay

gay

ch'hay

hay

Kae"S

joins with

initials

— see

under the 26th and 31st
chfing
s,i

finals.

k/w
nae {l,iw

k'h,h

p'h,b

bfin

g,6

h,i

kae^g
I,

k'hae^g

fhae'^g

chae^g

sae^g

mae

gnae

hae^g
finals,

Under

this final the

b,

and g, are changed by the nasal as noticed under the 26th and 31st

but the
still

small "g^ are

omitted, as being included in the nasal at the beginning of the word, though care must

be

taken to pronounce the whole as coming from the nose.

41.

K"oe

is

found connected with only three

initials

thus:

—K

l,6w
oe
I

k,iw
h^ot

g,6

(1

gnot

xlvii

42.

U"'

is

found in connection with only two

initials

thus:

v.—U^
the

,eng
\

1t,t

.This final

u™

is

found in connection with only these two
to

initials,

first

of which resembles the sound of Mm

•and the latter hum, both attempted

be

pronounced without opening the mouth.
,eng
h,e

{k,6w Icicang
44.

teang
s,6

hwaiig
,eng
b,11n

Kae"6

is

found connected with only four

initials:

— Kwae^S
as

(
}

A,^w

ikwae^S stoats
43.

wae^S

bwa(^9

Moey

is

found connected with only one

initial;

bfin,

miiey. ( l,iw
k,ev)

46.

K"eaou

is

connected with only three

initials,

thus:

— K^eaou
— Chom

g,6

}
I

neaou

W^eaou
tfiy
torn 6,t2n

gncaou
ch,eng
s,6

( k^hji
^

47.

Chom

is

found connected with four

initials,

thus:

(

k'hom
1,610

chom
g,€

som
h,6

48.

Gnaou

is

connected with only four

initials,

thus:

— Gnaou

}

naou

maou
k,iw

gnaou
&,lln

h^aou
h,6

49.

K"o

is

found

in

connection with

five initials, thus:

— KnoJ
}
,

l,tw

g,t

no

kPo
g,6

mo

^0

h^o

30.

Gn6w

is

found connected with only two

initials,

thus

:

— Gn&w

l,6w
neu)

gnew

For a complete view of

the

initials

and

finals,

with the method of joining them, see tho following table.

xlviii

A TABLE OF THE INITIALS AND FINALS OF THE HOKFINALS.

k^L-ew
lun

^P-een

jjt

K-ew

^K'h-e
k'hwun

MT-ey
iCtun
M]| teen
Ji^ tim

^1 P'h-6

ft^T'li-Ha

1
•^

^ K,wun
HP K,een
'tj^

^
O
i\S

pun

fjl leen
lim

i^ peen
pirn

^" kwun t^ keen

^
iK

^
li

p'hun
p'hiJen

7^ t'hun

k'hijen

3:^K,im

^kim
^i kwuy

k'him

O
fe

p'him

^
If

X

t'heen
t'hira

Mluy

pwuy

k'hwuy

JEtuy

MiP'hw^y
iPo p'hdt/ P'han

t'huy

5^K,ay 6^K,an
7"

^kay
^X
pan

~r
'i*
^l|E

kan

'Z^ Kjong

W
vj
Iwae
JEr.

M
:jc.

k'hay k'han

'^tay
-Jt tan
I

pong

kong

k'hong
I

^
"T
JJfln

^ P
O

t'hay
t'han

long

8^K,wae
9 Wl K,eng

JTv pwafe

kwae

ifj k'hwae

peng

0. keng
J,

10||K,wan

'IJ:

Iwdn
loe

H^ pwan
Bfpoe
1;^ peaou
?&.

kwan
koe

ll^K,oe
12]l^K,eaou
13

^

jp"

^
IhI

^
111

M ^ H
^4

O

^j^ p'hong

is t'hong
t'hwae
t'I'eng

twae
teng

k'heng

i

k'hwan
k'hoe
!

twan

^'[5 toe
^(|j

^ TT ^
W

O

p'hwae
P.heng

M
Trfrt

p'hwan
p'hoe

t'hwan

fifhoe

leaou

5^ keaou
ft
key

K,ey

%

pey

fe k'heaou 1A k'hey
k'hijung

teaou

I'^p'beaou
^i-U p'liey

^^ t'healOU
'f^ t'hey

15; tey \^
•-P tijung

14^ K,eung
15

nl leAng

l^,

peung

^keung
|| kae
ftlkin

p'heung

^

t'heung

K,o
K,ae

16

^
rjJ

J^po dUpae

k'ho

i§ p'lio
\^
tae

§t1 k'hae

^

l^t'ho

p'hae

17

K,m

aim

^k'hin
qJi k'hiJang
J^S k'liam

^'tin
1/^ tijang

3^ P'hin
H^l p'lieang
C_/ p'liam
yff.

p t'hae it t'hln
jj

18^ K,eang
19"Q'K,ain

^ leing
^lam
iflwa

-^ pe^ng

^^ keang
P|

t'lie^ng

O pam
^|5 pang

kam

V%
*f|f

'am
tod

I

t'ham
<7rad

20JRK,wa
21

/R kwa
jPC kang

P7 k'hwa
^n. Tc'hang
fif^

P

'"oa

P^

K.ang

^fhang
/P
EftJ

22^K;eem
23^K,aou 24 3^ K,ea
25t|K,6ey

JQ

leera

^
fiilea
[7(1
li,

O peem
paou

;^ keem

k'heem
k'haou

teem
,

O p'heem

ey

^
O

^ M

^ ^
f|il

t'heem
<'AaoM

kaou
kiia

^X

/L

'aou

pj" Ai'Aea

p6ey
P"a

koey
^^' /l"a

H
n.

^
f\

tea

J® p'haou \J li'h'ca
5f» p'hoey

O fhea
j$- t'hSey

k'hoey

toly

26lnX,"a
27ffiK,oo
28 fll K,a

|n.i ik lo6
^iza
lew

ii t'h"a
K'hoo

koo

l^too

p'he

|j§ i'Aoo

Gpa
I£pe
ff^pew
°

Hip ;t7m

^
^^
p'hew
ilti

i'Ad

29/|rK,<

^ke
y
kew

%k

k-"h«

so)/
31

K,«
i^S

^

k'hew

i^

j^iUte tew

#t'he
t'hew

IG^" 7!ai"^

•P^p'Aai

^
°

1$

limits

i"^

5^

;ng noot

/J pool

^^ p'hooi

33

^I

^,fo

tilled

^

tit)

,,..<

A:eo

^^ <7ieo

34^K,6e"^

\h

nee «g

"^

^\k'hei"^

i#/ee"5'.

ffi

P'/'««

xlix

KEEN DIALECT, WITH THE METHOD OF JOINING THEM.
Ch-eng AJ-ip

a|S-e

^E-ng

P^JB -un

up VJ-

kt|Ch-hut

SH-e

^
W

chun

•pjJOn

^sun
y^ seen
V
i\jii

cheen

^

^je6n
ijitn

chim

sim

i^chuy

^chay
Igchan
7J^ chong

^jwAy Ojay
Ojan Ojong

Spsuy
ii^%ay
|J-(

san

song
Q_) swae

J^

chwae
cheng
chtran

O

j^'ae

B

^
^

0jeng
|\jwAn

:^seng

^1' choe

Ojoe
Ojey
^jei'^ng

cheaou

^chey !* Cheung
f^cho
pX chae

Ojo
Ojae Ajln
i^jtiing

^chin

^
)y,^

chcang

cham

Ojam
Ojang

Jptv cAica

|5 cheem

^jeem
CJ
jaou

^H
9P

cAaou

j^ chea

M

choey
ch"d

3^jsey

0/'«
-j-joo

^choo

^cha
;2.che
7g chew

Oja
It^jew

1%

chui^y

OjufS
ukjco

y|[ cheeks

A TABLE OF THE INITIALS AND FINALS OF THE HOK
FINALS.

ew pL-e
p^ «eo"^
«e a

;# ji^

P-€ een

>jtK- ew

^ K'h'fi

T-ev

Ph-6

(tilT'h-na

o
.

peo

"g
ke a
te,

O
a

t'heo"S

3t

la

K,w a

nw a

n

-

pio

a

^

kw a

^
iftP

k'ho^a

IP- tw>^a

Mk'he'^'J

39

f/[l

K,ai/

4otBiK,ae"S
41 i(i

A)na6

O
V^
C-) C-)

pae
p oe

*

%^kay %\ knee's
oe

k'hay

^
O O
(J

;^tay

O O

p'Ae"^
p'liay

•^
^M

<'A«"»"
<'/'«y

k'hae"S

O
"

ta/'S

yf

hate's

K,%e

k'h"oe
k'lu."'

42^1/"'
43

Onu"'.
(_) Iwang

Opu™
pwang
pwae
p"oey
^

O
yQ
P^
_^
\_)

ku"

in

Ot"oe On.'"

7^ K,ioang
J^
M,oey

ktcang

(_^ k'hwang

44 f-^K,v
45

o.

ng

kwae ^

k'hwae
k'hnoey
k'h"eaou

O noey
^^
raeaou

460^K,"eaou
^~

3L

C,hom

Olom

O O O pom
O
Op"o

O k%ey
K eaou

p eaou

O O
O O

O \J W
C_)

twang
twae °
t

oey
eaou

t

O O O O O O
O O

p'h"oe
P'hu-"

p'hwang
p'hwae
p'h"6ey
p'h eaou

^

kom
k"aou
*"<,

•Jw k'hom

p'liom

43 ,X- G,naou

P aou

O
:fx

k'h"aou
k'h"o

O

t

aou

p'h aou

49

^I A' "o

Ot"o
Ot"ew

50 -^^ G,neM

#n6v

O

p"e^y

C_) k

ew

O k'h"ew

O

p'h"o

(_) p'h

ew

O O O O O O O O O O t'h% O

t'hae"S
t'h"oe

t'hu™

t'hwang

t'hwae"^

t'h"6ey
t'h"eaou

t'hom
t'h"aou

t'h"ew

ON THE TONES.
The
a system of paucity of words, or of orthographical variations in the Chinese language, has rendered
Tlie language spoken at court,

tones necessary.

(commonly
is

called the

mandarin

dialect,) contains

four

hundred

and eleven

different monosyllables,

each of which

increased by the application of four tones;*

the Hok-kefen

comprises more than double that number, which are severally varied by almost double the number of tones.

The

four tones of the

court dialect are the

3^

P^ng,

J^

Sijang,

-^

K'h^, and

^

Jip, or the 'even,' 'high,'

*

The
:

following verse, taken from the Chinese Imperial Dictionary, will serve to explain the powers of

these tones

^ ® ^ jM H tS ^ Jt ^ i^ P^ fS 5^ •^ ^- ^ H^ ^ JS ^ ^^ ^ ^
^[1
"K

P^"g seng p6ng

to,

bok

te

g^ng;
leet

Seang seng ko hoe, beng
^'"^^ '^"S

keang
'

;

^*""

'^^"^' ^^ ^''^" *°

i^S ^Sl

j]^

Jip seng twin cheuk, kip sew ch6ng.

K

KEEN DIALECT, WITH THE METHOD OF JOINING THEM.
'^Ch-engAJ-ip
-^ cAeo ° JE chii%
Ojeo"g
jena

9|S-e

^ E-ng ^ B-un
,

-^ G-p

\
|1^

Ch-hut

H-6
Aeo""

yeo

ng

o meo

ng

U gneo"g
-^ ch'he°a

M
3^
i

chw"a

O O jw"a
Oje"g

^p

s'e

a

ye"d n w a

O, 'gw"a
Oine"8

O
X

'}^ ch

hiD

a

p"g gne"

^
O O O
°

ch'he^S

chay
==

^say
Ojae"°
|^sae"g
oe

Si ay

^i^ cAae

o
,

^bay

zCi ch'hdy

ae ng

O
O O O

^
(_)

raae race

gnae

ch'hae"S
ch'h"oe

ch 00
chu"'

Oj"oe
Ojwang

O"'oe
.m u
P|

m Osu"
C_)
•tife

(J Obu'"
"i/

Tf. gno6

O hOoe
\_)

'

Og..'"
(_)

ch'hu™

(J chwang
° (_) chvvae

swang
-ng

wang
irac

O
O
(_)

jwae"^
j"oey
j

(J

bwang bwae "

gwang

(_) ch'hwang

^ hwang
hwae ^
h oey

\J gwae

Och'hwae"?

ch"6ey

O

s"6ey

St "»o^y

O g"6ey
^Ik.

C_) ch eaou

eaou

O s"eaou
+;t5som

O

y eaou

vj meaou

gnedou
goiu

^^ chom
cli"aoii

C> join

Ootr

O mom
/^^ maflu

O

O

J

aou

O

s"aou

5^ gnaou

Och"o

O

ch ew

O

Oj"o
.i"ew

Os"o

0"c

O mew

@

TOO

$^gno
"T^gnfiw

O O O O O

O

ch'hioey
ch'h"eaou

W

O

h^eaou

ch'hom
ch'h"aou
ch'h"o

O horn

^
O

h"a8u

ch'h"ew

|pIh"o h"cw

'departing,' and 'entering' tones;

these in Hok-kijin are multiplied by dividing

them

into high

and low, or into

a

first

and second
First series

series, such

as:—

:

Seang p6ng, _[^
Seangsijang, J[^

3^
J^

clico^S

pafg,

the upper (or

first^

even tone;

the upper (or first) high tone;

called

more

generally the

Seang seng,

\*^

f^
Seang k'hd, J^.
SiJang jip,

seang s'e^a, the high tone

;

^

ched'*g k'hi, the upper (or

first)

departing tone

;

J^

%

cAe6"5'jij>, the upper (or

first)

entering tone.

" The even tone travels on a level road, neither elevated nor depressed

;

"The

high tone exclaims aloud, being- fierce, violent, and strong;

"The "The

departing tone

is

distinct

and

clear, gruffly traveling to

a distance;

entering tone

is

short

and contracted, being

hastily gathered

up."

1"

Second

series

:

Hay

p6ng, "TJ
"T»

Z^
J^

ay paV-i, the lower (or second) even tone

;

Hay seang

ay sedng, the lower (or second) high tone
like the first high tone, goes

;

This being alwa^'s

by the same name of seang seng,

\\

g^

seang

ie^a, the high tone.

Hay
Hay

k'hfe,

"IT
"T^

^
yL

dy

k'hh, the lower (or second) departing tone;

jip,

dyjip, the lower (or second) entering tone.
;

These are the names given them by the Chinese
our method of accentuation.
1.

it

is

for us to describe

and designate them according

to

The Seang p6ng, _£_

3p
and

cheo^S pafff, "upper (or
without any
therefore
effort,

first)
is

even tone,"

is,

as the

name

denotes, a smooth
note.

even tone, gently flowing from the
It

lips,

and

most commonly pronounced with a musical

has

neither rise nor deflection,

is

left

without any accent, being the natural unconstrained expres-

sion of the
2.

voice

;

thus

kwun.

The Seang seang,
as the

J^

J^, "upper
shrill

high tone," or simply Seiing seng,

^^
is

sedng 5e"a, "the high
is

tone,"

is,

name

imports, a high,
;

tone of the voice, pronounced with strength aud rapidity, and

therefore denoted by the acute accent
3.

thus

kwun.
"upper
(or
first)

The Seang

k'hfe,

J^ -^

ch'eo^S k'ld,

departing tone,"

a low

grufi"

tone of the

voice, which seems to come immediately from the throat, and
it.

to

be lengthened out while proceeding slowly from
like

The

Chinese
It
is

call

it

a departing tone, because they say
;

it

goes away

the

flowing

of water,

never to

return.
4.
if

marked with the grave accent

thus kwiln.

The Seang jip,

p

/^ cheo^S

jip,

"upper

(or

first)

entering tone,"

is

a short contracted sound as

terminated abruptly, and has at the same time a rapid utterance, something like the Seang seng,
it

p ^g

sedng

s'e"a:

is

therefore distinguished by a short

mark

",

followed by a final h, in
is

all

those words ending in a vowel,

as ko, kbh

; but in

words ending with a consonant, the entering tone

marked by changing the long consonant
t,

into a corresponding abrupt
letter

one; thus words ending
in

in n, take the letter
letter

as kwun, kiout ; those in ng, take the

k, as keng,

kek

;

and those ending,

m, take the
as

p, as

kam, kap.

The Chinese

consider
;

tliis

to
is

be nothing more than a variation
indeed true with respect to
all

in tone,

and

making no

alteration in the

orthography of a word

which

those words ending in a vowel or diphthong, where the entering tones'' are merely
;

abrupt terminations of the vowel sound of the other tones

as

if

a person about to

pronounce ko long, should be
forming a rapid ko or

suddenly taken with a hiccup, and stop short before the o was well out of his mouth, thus

kbh instead of ho
the organic

:

so also with respect to those words ending in the consonants n, ng, and
letters,

m

;

by considering

formation of those

we
n

shall find, that
is

"the entering sound"
tip

is

nothing more than an abrupt

termination of them.

Thus, the

final

formed by pressing the

of the tongue against the gums of the
;

upper

teeth, while a person breathes

through the nose, with his mouth open

now
vg

the final
is

t is

produced by

a similar process, with the exception of the nasal breathing.

So

also, the final

formed by pressing the

middle of the tongue to the roof of the mouth near the throat, while the voice passes principally through the
nose; and
the final
this, it
is

may be

observed,

is

without the nasal emission. precisely the case with the final A,
lips
till

Further,

m

produced by

closing the

the breath

is

collected,

and then

letting the voice issue

by the

liii

nose: the like process

is

necessary in order to enunciate the final p, except that the sound terminates abruptly

on closing the
5.

lips.

The Hay p6ng,

"FC ZS.

dy

j)ai"^,

"lower (or second) even tone,"

is

an inflected sound, beginning
to

low and ending high, being dwelt upon a moment during the enunciation, and then turned
before coming to a close.
ironically,
It

another tone

may

be exemplified by the drawling tone given to some words when spoken
as an exclamation.
It

or to the word
V

"indeed!" when used

should have
it

been marked by a rising
sake of convenience,

circumflex, thus

kwun ;

but that being rarely
;

met with

in printing offices,

has, fur the

been designated
6.

by the falling circumflex

thus

kwAn.
high tone,"
is

The Hay seang, T> j^^ "lower
('"'

(or second)
is

precisely the

same

as the

Seang seang,

_tl _t>""PP^'^

firs') '''8*'

*°"^ »" ^^^

therefore also generally designated the

Seang seng, _]2 ^f^ siang

se^a, "high tone;" which see.
7.

The Hay

k'hfc>

|\

-^

ay

h'hh,

" lower (or second) departing

tone,'' is a low, protracted,
grufl*

monototherefore

nous sound, something

like the

"upper (or

first)

departing tone," but not so
thus

and guttural;

it is

marked by
8.

a horizontal line, as a long sound

;

kwun.
is

TheHayjip, TC

"K

ay jip, "lower (or second) entering tone,"

a combination of two tones,

" having an abrupt sound, like the upper entering tone," with the addition of an inflected intonation of the vowel,
similar to that just described under the

"lower (or second) even tone."
letters

For

this tone, as far as

it

regards the

abrupt termination of the words, the same
tone," but the inflected intonation
is

and marks are employed as notified
',

under the " upper entering

marked by a perpendicular stroke

either in the middle of the short
;

mark

over the vowel, or when followed

by an abrupt consonant over the vowel alone

thus kah, kat, kap,

kwiit.

The power

of these intonations

may

be seen at one view, together with the manner of their proceeding
figures.

from the mouth, and the use of the signs employed, by the following eight

¥
The
is

± ±
The upper
tone marked
with an

±
The
first

± A
The
tone
jcith
first

first

even tone
not

-^ ~
,

departing

entering

tone marked
with a grave
accent.

marked
a breve

marked.

acute accent

\

accent.

T
The
second

A
\

even tone

The upper
tone

The second
departing

The

second

marked '^

^]

marked with
a circumflex
>

with an

tone desig-

enteringtone marked with a breve and a

nated
acute accept

accent.

by a mark. long

perpendicular.

v

P

liv

None
whether

of these accents have anything to do with stress or emphasis, always retaining their peculiar force,

at the

beginning or end of a sentence

— when

interrogating or affirming

in

angry or in soothing words

wiien speaking aloud, or

when whispering

:

they remain

ever the same.
letters,

The poorer
names of

class of people

and young children, who are unacquainted with
is

and know not the

the accents, or the rules
;

by which the language

governed, are yet most exact in their accentuation of
letters,

Chinese words
the

and generally speaking, the more ignorant they are of

and the methods of defining speech,

more

particular they are in distinguishing the accents.
dialect,
it is

In order to converse intelligibly with the

common

people

in the

Hok-ke6n

indispensably necessary to

attend to the accentuation, particularly as

a slight varia-

tion of decent not only

makes a

difference in the grammatical inflection
different things.

of words, but also quite alters their

sense, and

makes them mean very

This

may

be seen from the following short sentences, which

are put together merely to show the necessity of distinguishing the accent, in words which have precisely the same

orthography.

Sek y6w

16 jin,

-H-

"^ y^ y^
.js

chd woo labu l&ng,
7ne"d poh, cheng kaou;

Beng pok

chfing hoe,

•^

v^
Jg^

jM.

Yeiik mae t'heet koe.

Ay
j.§.

3

^3

ah bay t'heeh kaou,
cJiei'^ bd

He^m

cheen bo8 koh,

H66y k'han pe ko6, Ge cheak pek ho6,
K06 hwuy ho6
Put
te,

Ip]

j^^
^p|

^
\ij^

^ ^ ^ hUm ^ ^ 4^
y
ife
-S-

kadu;

tooi"'S

k'han oe kadu,

^fe
|ff|j

io6 tedh

payh kaSu ;

ho6,

kadu pwuy kaSu ha6u:

'X^ ^^\
hofi,

u^

chae,

Se ko6 wily

.^
Pt

^pl

^^
^'^

se

ka6u ke^a ka8u,
se

Hek

ho6 wily ko6,

^fe

^

d

kadu ke'^a ka6u.

"

Formerly there was an old man,
lot

" Whose

was poor, but
to

his disposition liberal

;

" And he desired
" But found that "

purchase an iron hook,

his

money was

not sufficient

;

Returning, he led after him

a black dog,
;

" And accidentally met a white monkey " The dog barked, and the monkey screamed

:

" So

that

it

could not be known,

" Whether the dog was afraid of the monkey,

" Or the monkey
In these few lines there are
five

afraid of the dog."
letters

words written with the same
all

— kaou — which, according

to the

common

system of orthography, would
from one another
;

be pronounced
:

in the

same way

;

but in tone as well as in sense, they

severally differ

thus, there are

Iv

\

Kaou,

in the first
in the

even tone, meaning
*

'

a

hook
;'

;'

Kabu,
Kadu, Kadu,

high tone, translated

a

dog

in the first departing tone, in the

denoting 'sufficient

;'

second even tone, signifying 'a monkey

;'

Kaou,

in the

second departing tone, meaning
to

'liberal.'

These, without a particular attention
out being
is

the variation of the tones, could not be distinguished,
like
it,

and with-

distinguished, such a sentence,
to

and very many

would not be understood.
in

Another sentence

adduced

show how

all

the

eight tones

may sometimes

occur

connection, each requiring to be very

accurately discriminated

in

order to have the speaker intelligible.

Y6w

tek

clip

kay,

7^ |^
jH.
'^Vr
jffj

^ ^^
alE

tood tek

dy kay,

" "

A

family possessing virtue.
deceit,

Chin j6 bo8 k4y,
Soo
te tae

jS

chin

yea ho kdy,
tat tted kdy,

True, and without
is

kay,

K'hwafe e sim kek,

Mt.

^^ "^ j^ iA ^t\ HS
MM
pt

chty

" This

of great price,

k'hteae te

simkayh;

"And
"

grateful to the heart;

Hwan

chiiey ta^ kSiy,

Yit be ya6u kiy,

jTr)

^
^

/|J]p

hwdn choey ged kdy,
chit be
si bin

" But criminals wearing the wooden collac,

^S j^

bdeyh kdy,

Who

are altogether deceitful.

Sod bJn che hay,

nH S. 'V TJ

Ay kdy,

"Are the

lowest dregs of the people,

T'heen

jJij

kae g6k,

^^^

t'het^S l&ng kae kSyh,

"Alike opposed by Providence and men."
(with the addition of a final h in

Here

the closing words of each line are expressed

by the same

letters,

the 4th, and 8th lines, to denote the abrupt termination of the sound,) but by the various inflections they produce

seven different tones

:

as

Kay, the

first

even tone, denoting
'

'

a family
;*

;'

Kiy,
Kiy,
Kiyh,

the upper tone, translated
the the
first
first

deceitful
'

departing tone, meaning
entering tone, which

a price

;'

means
'

'the breast;'
;'

K4y,

the second even tone, denoting a

cangue, or wooden collar

Kay, the second departing
K&yb,

tone, signifying 'low;'

the second entering tone, which

means

'

to oppose.'

Now
'a

without a due attention to the tones, a person in uttering the above sentence, would be likely to call

family,' a

'wooden

collar;'

to

confound 'price'

willi

'low,' and 'deceitful;'

— or

to use the substantive

'breast' in place of the verb 'to oppose;'

which would render mutual conversation

diflScult,

and the best ideas

frequently unintelligible.

Iri

A TABLE,
Exhibiting the
fifty

Joo boe,

^ ^ j^

hoe, as

divided into eight Tones.

The reading of these characters with a Chinese teacher would enable

the student soon to distinguish between them.

1

3
kwun

4
kim
^1| kwuy
51^

6

7

8
kong
5(g
Jfg

9
j^keng

10
llJkwan kwan

2p.

^

keen

kwun
kwiln

,^K keen

:^ 0^
Hvb^

Ukay

•-F kan

^

kwae kwa6

kim
kim

kwuy l^kiy
kwiiy il^kly

k4n 1^ kong ^a^
i'^"
iffll

^kefen
|fckeet (^ kcSn
keen
<f^ keen

^^

»S*kwut

li^'p

2P

2P ^kw&n v^ kwun ^8

ik^ kim IIS
"^'p

^

^kwiit ^.keet

Q kim «^ kim ^ kwuy kwuy £ QIjjl

o -

^kayh
#P
''ay

kw<iy

^ kan ^M O
kat

>i" "'^"g

jp^ kwdh

kok

J3: kfing

^P^k^y

^kiin ^pong (^ kan Xr kong

Qkat

ijVkok

o kwa6 Q ^ kwa6 ^ kwae f^ o }f,

-

^: k6ng ^k^ng
^-:^kek

J*g

"p kwjln
Xiit

kwat

kdng

l^kwan
J^lcwin

•|{-k6ng

keog

^kwan
^^kwat

is; kek

11

12

13
key

14

15

16

17
r)]

18

19
"H""

20
jU,kwa

^^koe
7=^

^keaou ft
Wjr

^keung

"j^koe

kedou

^
-fit

keung
keilng

^ko ^ko

^
O Q

kae

kin

^^ keang

kam

E^ka6 t|kin

kdm ^|keing ]J

Qkwii
l^xkwi

o5

^Jko6

pip ke^ou ^jj

Ifk^y
ft|k6y

keaouh

"Mi keuk

i-koe

^
A^

j§k6 ^kafe ^kin - ^^''
kae
ka6

keaou
kedou

1^ keftng
-kjt
jfch

keung
keung /g-ko

B^

Mkoe

o21

^jS keaou keaouh HIjI/t

/^ kae

Q =^ ^

pkeak ^gkap
^^ kiiang
idw
|||

P^
(~\

kwah

kin
kin
kin

Qkwa
kw4
kwah

^|ke4ng |^

kim

(> kwa

o

*«>^

gkeuk

^
27

keak

Q kap
29

r~\

22
^keem
ke^ra
l^Ji

23

24
3j|p

25

26

28

30

^X kang ^king

^ ^
t^
jf^

kaou

kea

kaou

Q ke4
Q
/flju

tt

koey

1^ ^"« 11 koo
^i"<i /^ko6

^ka ^ke ^ka gk6
1^

M kew
l^kfew

y kew

* ||kak * Qkang ^ ^ ^ ^M
king
leak

P^k^ng

^kMm raw
(~) keep

^kabu '-^kU keah ^k kaduh ^keep
kaou

ke^m

.,^k6&y

M

|JF

k6

HJAiaA

^keeh
tj]ke

o/fV
=

ke4

^/-ke6m

kaou

^ kei
^
A;ea/i

^/cody
^jjl^oly

M^"'i
^k^'d

^ko8 ^ko6
r\
kooh

Qkk
/~\ iaA

^J^k^w

I^Aa g^ke

kew kew

^l^kdng

^keem
/^
kaouh

'a^ k'dhjh

r\

^kd ^ke
(~N
k'eeh

o

Ivii

A TABLE, &c.— Continued.

31

32

33

34

35

36

37
'g*
/tw"a

38

39

40
kae'^S

^

'^kaing

^kvmi^g^keo )^ke^S
kwufS^ii^
ked

^

keo'^g

1^ kma

^ke"S

^kcf^ Q - ^ke'd. ^kw'^d ^ i^kafS J^ - o - o-o- oB^^-^O :^ o - ^ ^! 5§ ^ ^ O O - ^^^'^ 1^ ^ ^^"'"^"^O -o-o '"^"^

^^^

'^'^"^

'^^^"^

^^^'^

^"'"'^

iD^""^"'"

^O-O-O-O- O-Q41

M

O^-"^

O

W'' O

iE'*""^

#^-^"^

#*"«

5f

^"'"^

O- O- O-Q47

^ ^ kf^ O"" O " 6- ^%AO O- ^- o O - O - B^""'"^ o- o o kay
^"^^

^

42

43

44

45

40

48

49
k"o

50
gnew

O O o #0- O-O-O-O- OO?0- O-O-O-O- o-o- O- O-O- Oo-o- o-o- OX O
''^""'"^

^

j^

k"oe

^

w*"

7^

chom P^ kwaeng^miiey P^ k'^eaou^

^

gnaou

If

<^h5n.

-

^- ^-

^'s"^^

«!J<^'^'^^'^

The
tones,

fifty'f.nals

multiplied

by the

fifteen initials

would produce 750 sounds; these
to

diversified

by the seven

amount

to

5250.

About

half of these have

no characters attached
people.

them, and there are only 2500

distinct enunciations actually in use

among

the

Hok-ke^n

The
five

characters to which tliese are applied in

the following Dictionary
distribution,

amount

to

12,000;
;

on the average about

characters to each enunciation.

The
;

however,

is

very irregular

some enunciations having only one character, and others including many
characters applied to
it.

one simple enunciation (kd,) having

fifty-six

In Morrison's alphabetical Dictionary,

two hundred and forty-seven characters appear under the same

letters.

ON THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE COLLOQUIAL AND READING DIALECTS.
In
vulgar).

the

Hok-ke^n
differ

dialect there are

two

distinct

forms of speech, called the Reading and Colloquial (or
diffuse

These

from

one another, not only in the more compact or

construction of the sen-

tences, but even
as

in the

sounds of

many

of the words.

The Chinese language

admitting of a very contracted
in

well as

of a more dilated

style,

and the books being generally composed

the

former, they

require

P

Iviii

frequently to be

commented

on, and paraphrased

in

order to be readily understood.
of speech.
it

This has given

rise to

the distinction between the reading and

vulgar forms

This distinction prevails to some extent
is

in

the mandarin tongue
it,

;

in

which, after reading over a passage,

generally thought necessary to
this

dilate

upon

for

the
;

sake of elucidation and explanation.

But in the Hok-kefen dialect

proceeds to an unusual
varied, but the

extent

the explanation of any literary composition being not only
in their termination

much extended and
their

words
is

themselves frequently differing
distinction

and sometimes

in

whole construction.

So great

the

between these two forms of speech, that a person well acquainted with the reading dialect, would
the vulgar tongue
;

not be
latter

able to understand a conversation in

nor could a person fully proficient in

the

be able to

make

out the meaning of any passage recited fi'om a book not previously
is

familiar to him.
italics,

In the following pages the colloquial

distinguished
is

from the reading dialect by being put in

and
herein

the spoken sound of particular characters
after

denoted by the word Vulg. being prefixed.
the

The examples

adduced

will

be

sufficient to

show how
distinct

sentences

are

extended and

varied, but

the alterations

particular

words

will

need a more

notice.
to

The

variations

between the reading and colloquial may be generally referred

two heads

;

namely,

regular and irregular.
I.

The

regular variations consist in changes in the termination, and
:

may be arranged according

to

the

order of the finals

though

it

must be remembered that but a feto of the characters

in the reading dialect

are changed according to this system, and those only which are of every day
Charefeters
falling under the 1st
final

occurrence.
as

kwun form kwui"S

in the colloquial;

kwun, houi'^S;

tun,

fooCS; sun, swut'^i;

wun, tcui^S; bun, tnooPS; ch'hun, ch'hui^S;
the 2d final

hwun, hwupi.
pee^S ; keen, kee^S ;
ch'hijen,

Words under
teen,

keen form

Icee"S in the colloquial; as lean, nee"^; peen,

tee^S ;

VWeen, fhee^g; p'heen, p'/iee"^ ;

ch'een, chee^S ;

seen, see";?;
the colloquial

been, mee"^;
;

cVhee^S

;

heen, hee"S.

Words

in the entering tone keet

form keeh

in

as leet, leeh ; peet,

peek ;

teet,

teeh; s'6et,seeh; beet, beeh; &c.

Words under Words under

the

3d and 4th

finals

kim and kwuy

are irregular in their formation of the colloquial.
first

the 5th final kay are also irregular, except in the

and second entering tones, which
see.

are generally vulgarisms, formed from the entering tone of the 9th final;

which

Words under
tan,

the 6th final kan

form kw^'a in the colloquial; as Ian, nic'^a; kan, kw'^a; k'han, k'htc"a;
san, std'^a; an, ic^^a; ban, m?z!"a; han, Aw"a.
ierag' in

<aj"a;

t'han,

Vhw^a; chan, chw^a;
the 7th final
C

Words under
c

kong form kang ^ni
(

the colloquial

;

as:
r

lang

pang

kang

r

k'hang

tang

f

Vhang

'""^'ine"^
(

''""''Ui
/

'""n^e"^
t

"'^'"''"Ue^^
bong,
- -

""'ie"^
(

'''H^ke^^
(

chang

sang
ong,

ang
5«.,;
as lok,

ck'hang
hong,

hang

ch'hong,

chong,|^^^^^

song,j^^„^
tone

| ^„^
in

| ^^,^^„^
colloquial;

J ^^„^
tok,

Words

in the
;

entering

kok form AoA

the

loh; pok,

poh; kok, koh}

toh;

chok, choh

ok, oh; bok, boh; hok, hoh.
occurring under the 8th final

Words
regularity.

kwae

are seldom

formed into the colloquial with any degree of

lis

Words under

the 9th final

keng form ka^S and

k't^a in the colloquial

;

as

:

.eoJ-%eng>«^''»^en4^"f ne a
(_

k'he„g>'^«f

ten

J -f
a

P'heng^l^f
-

en

J -^
C

pe

t'hengi''^"''
( Vhe^a

Cheng,

^'^"f
C
<=^«^

«

^eng^^f «e «
C

ch'heng^^'^^f
C
<=*'*^

beng,

me^a;

heng^^f he a
layh; pek, pai/h;

Words under

this

final,

in the entering

tone kek, form

Mi/h

in the
;

colloquial;

as

lek,

kek, kayh; k'hek, Jt'AayA; Vhek, t'hatfh; chek, chayh; ek, atfh

bek,bat/h; cb'hek, cVh&yh; hek, AayA.
in

Words under
pwan,
-

the

10th final

kwan fonn kw^a and kumV*B
*'*"'""

the colloquial

;

as

:

pw%;

kwan.f ^"'^^ k'hwan, (

twan,

-

'^«''*''

tooi''^:

p'hwan,

-

fkwui^; chwan, (

Sometimes words under

this final, in the entering

tone kwat, form kbiyh in the colloquial

;

as,

kwat, kdiyh

;

k'hwat, k'h'deyh; swat, sdiyh;

ch'hwat, ch'hdiyk;

gwat, gbeyh.
colloquial;
as
loe,

Words under
t'hoe,

the 11th final koe
soe, saou ;
final

form kaou in the
oe, oou.

laou; koe, kaou; toe, taou;

Vhaou; choe, chaou;

Words under
keo; teaou, <eo;

the

12th

keaou form keo in the
ch'eo ;

colloquial;

as leaou,

Ko;

peaou, p'eo

;

keaou,
geaou,

p'heaou, p'heo s cheaou,

jeaou, jeo; seaou, jeo; yaou, y'eo; beaou,

h'eo ;

geoi ch'heaou,

ch'h'eo.

Words under

the 13th final key seldom change into the colloquial

;

but sometimes
see.

colloquial

words

are found under this final derived principally from the 16th final kae;

which

Words under

the 14th final kiiung form keng in the colloquial
;

;

as liiung,

kng ; kuung, keng;

teung,

teng; chtiung, cheng ; yaung, jeng ; yung, cng
tone of this final

ch'hcuDg, ck'heng

;

hiiung,

heng.

Sometimes the entering,

keuk forms kek;

as leuk,

kk; keuk, kek; k'hcuk,

k'hek; teuk, tek; chiiuk, chek; jcuk,

jek; seuk, sek; yeuk, ek; geuk, gek.

Words under
C laou
lo,<
l^

the 15th final

ko form kdey, kaou, and kwa
( kdey

in

the

colloquial

;

as

:

cho,

-

-

<^p'hdey
P'i>o>'\

C sdey
so, <
(^

chaou;

ko,

<

saou

o,

bey; ch'ho, ch^kaou ; mo, bwa;

hea
ho, hoey.

\

kwa

(^p'kwa

sua

gno, gv>a;

Words under
kae, Aey and kwa;

the l6lh final kae sometimes form key, and somcliraes kwa, in the colloquial; as lae,
tae, <ira;

Iwa;

t'hae,

t'hwa; ch'hae, cVhwa; mae, hey;

hae, hey.

Words under

the 17th final
final

kin seldom change into the colloquial with any degree of regularity.

Words
teang, teo"^;

under the 18th
cliijang, cheo'^g;

keang

form

keo^

in

the

colloquial; as

leang, niro'^S;

keang, ked"g

;

seang, s'eo^g; yang, y'io^S; ch'heang, ch''heo^S; heang, h'eo^.
final

Words

occurring under the 19th

kam form h^a

in the colloquial;

as,

lam, na; kam, k^a; tam,

^a;

sam, i^a.

Ix

Words under

the 20th final
the 21st final

kwa

are generally in the colloquial, formed from ko and kan
colloquial,

;

which

see.

Words under Words under
kee'^S ;

kang are principally

and are derived from kong; which
into

see.

the

22d

final

keem sometimes form
t'heem,

the

colloquial

kee^S ; as leem, need's; keem,
this
final

k'hijem,

k'hee^S ;

teem,

tee^i ;

Vhee^S ; but the words under

are principally in

the reading dialect,

Words under
there

the

23d

final

kaou are partly colloquial, derived from ko, and koe
;

;

which see

:

but

are

still

many

reading words under this final whicii form ha, in the colloquial

as laou, ?a;

paou,

pa;

kaou, ka; k'haou, k^ha; p'haou, p'Aa; chaou, eha; aou, a; haou, ha.

Words under
with any regularity
entering sound keak
;

the 24th final
there

kea are principaly
under
this
final

in the reading form,

seldom changing
;

into the colloquial

are also

a few colloquial words, formed from ke
;

which

see.

The

is

chiefly colloquial, and formed from kek

which

see.

Words under
from ko
;

the 25th final koey are principally in the reading form;
:

but there are

some

colloquials
;

formed

which see

and words

in the

entering tone k'deyh are generally formed from kwat

which

see.

Words under
from

the 26th final k"a are partly in the reading form, and partly in the colloquial, formed

kam

;

which

see.

Words under

the 27th final

koo are principally reading words, changing
at

irregularly into the colloquial

;

and some colloquial words formed

random from

the reading.

Words under
by changing pa

the 28th final

ka are partly
into

in the reading form,

which sometimes form
this
final

into the colloquial

into

pay; p'ha
see.

p'hay

:

but

more frequently words under

are colloquialisms,

formed from kaou; which
,

Words under
as ke,
kijet
;

the 29th final

ke

are principally in the reading form,

but sometimes form kea in the are

colloquial;

kea; k'he,
which
see.

k'h'ea; ge, g'ea;

in the entering tone kceh, there

some

colloquial

words

formed from

Words under
into

the 30th final

kew

are principally in the reading form, without any particular changes

the colloquial.

Words under

the 31st final kai^S are
the

all

colloquial,

formed from keng; which

see.

Words under
which
see.

3?d

final

kwui^S are

also all colloquial,

formed principally from kwun and kwan;

Words under
Words under
from

the

33d

final k'eo

are colloquial, formed generally from keaou
all

;

which
;

see.

the 34th final kee''S are

colloquial,

formed principally from keen

but sometimes also

keem

;

which

see.

Words under
Words under
Words

the 35th final fceo^S' are colloquial, and derived from

keang

;

which see.
;

the 36th final ke^a are generally colloquial, derived from keng

which

see.
;

ijnder the

S7th

final

kw^a

are principally colloquial, derived from kan and

kwan
see.

which

see,

Words under
Words under Words

the 38th final ke^S are colloquial, derived mostly from
the 39th final

kong; which

kay are sometimes

colloquial,

formed from kae, and kwuy.

occurring under the 40th to the 50th finals are few and irregular.

Ixi

formations from the reading dialect into the colloThus, taking the summary of the above, the regular
as follows: quial are generally

kwun
keen
keet

forms

kiDuPS

kok

forms

koh

koe

forms

kaou
k'deyh

kae

kwat

«
«

keng
keeh

keaou

keo

kan

kw^a

kek

" „
\

kayh
kuj

keung
1

keng
^oey

Chang
kong

kwan

a

ko
I

kwa
kaou

\

kteui o

Ixii

1

-

1

Kwan,

y^

kbey.

Tdy

aod,
-

Afterwards.
.

Jwa

chey,
chey,
k'hfe, -

_,q)

j)i

t

Hi yea,
Che"a.

Alas!

Lwa

How many

i

*•
-

'v

tio,

By By
No
To

the troop.
also.

T416h

And,

Ok'h^,
Toh
T6ng
one.

9 ^

„„ Where
-

.aiAj iuii are you going 7

Che"4
Bd

ch'beng,

the thousand.

tooi"g,
bin,
-

-

Back again.
Above.
Below.

tuT

tae wi,

resource.

Hwat
Le

ling tae w&,

be

a match for

Ayt6y, Leoh

le i,

A Utile.
Several times.
-

leoh ij
loh,

-

A little.
Up and down.
In a small degree.

Tdk

pa6,

Che6"g

Sa6 sae,

What need?
So
so.

Seo k'hwi,
tJheo k'hoSyh,
K'-n a ne, e
-

Bong,

-

Very few.
Lest.

Bong ke"a ke"a,

Just walking dboitt.

Bong

kofey,

Getting on so

iii.

Chong

se,

After

off.

Bong kong,

Talking in jest.
-

Boeyh cha6 ey,

How can ?
Over and above.
Very, extreme.
Only.

Cha hwuing,
MaT"gh ohae,

Yesterday.

05

ch'hun,
-

This morning.

Se6"g,

Mln i
Ka&u

chae,

-

To-morrow.

Tok
Chi
K'he

tok,

hefth twa,

So great J

k'h6,
t'haSu,
-

Early in ike morning.
In the beginning.

K&h
A',

]t 16,
-

How
-

widely different/

Also.

Swih
II.

b66y,

At

"the

end.

VERBS.
Le&h
chd,

A5u

hkti,
-

To oppress,

to ity'ure.

To To

consider. cut

fj'^ I'hang,

Do not.
Ought.

Kw&h

tew,

down com.

T'hang,

-

Seep sey,

To fatter.
se,

Soo ne8"g,

-

To
>

consult.

Ch6 hw^

To have a lucky
To
repent.

hit.

T'hek kak,
fleet,

-

To throw away.

Se6"g loh khy,

T6h,
To
lin tooi"g,
. .
-

-

-

To burn as fire. To To
be ashamed.
take.

Hoe,

give.

Seiou
T'ho,

16y,
-

Hwat
Th,

To turn around.
To wear on
To
rest in.
at.

the head.

Tin tang,
Pefe"g ka6u lang,

To move. To juggle. To remember.
To be angry.
-

Twa,

Twa te,
K'hea,
-

To dwell

Kh

tit,

To
-

reside.

Sew

k'h^,

Gadu che^n,
Ga8u kwun,
T'hit t'hO,

To play.
To
>

T'hijilng 16k,

To

be joyful.

sport.

Too

teoli,
-

To meet To
-

with.

E
To ramble.
-

w4,

rely on.
(fire).

Ch'hit t'hd,

P'hfth hwa,

To put out

Ixiv

La6u bak cha^,

To weep. To drown.
To
)C^\]
be grieved.
patient.

Kofeyfe,.-

-

-

To

he pleassd.
careful.

Teem
Wut
T'hun

loh chuy,

^-

Sfeyje,

-

To be
..r

chut, lun,

U'"teengh,

To
^..>,

refuse.

To be To To

Teoh bwa,

-i

iV -

'.

-

To

be troubled.

tjm ke^ng^

lose.

Pwah kedou,
Te8,
.

To game. To jump. To plough.
-

W4

Iwa,
;

rely on.
cannot.''>^'
'

Ey, Can

and

Bey,

Choh ch'han, Ga6u k'heem,

Ka laouh,
Te6"g
te,

Tofalldowni
To take
care.

To

be stingy.

O

16,

r

To praise.

III.

NOVNS

&

ADJECTIVES.
L&n
san,
t

Pak

t'hayh,

Naked.

t

Ch'li6w wui"g,

A

sleeve.

A^m koe
Kaou
Gtn

ch&y,

L4 skm,
Ta
po,
-

-

Dirty.

se^'Ou,
,

Cha

bo6,

i

t .

A male. A female.
A
'

&,

A few, odd. A cockchafer. A cheat. A servant boy,
The leprosy.
Four-square.

a

'

slave.

Thafe
'".'

kf^RiEi^^l,

r .
-

Ne6"g pay,
Nefing 16y,

father.
mother.

Sfe

kak,
twa,

r
-

.
-

-

A

Sfe

Great men.

Hkng, a

sort ;

-.

Chit hang, one

sort.

g& s^y,

r

The lower ranks ofmtn.

Wun
Tang

koo,
e"g,

Humpbacked.
The middle.
Diligent.

Sin ne8"g,
Sin

ke"a

safe, -

r

A bride. A bridegroom.
Mud.
Proud.

Kip khy,

Nw"&t'hoe,

Teiou

tit,

Exact, true.
t
-

Keaou
Chae

t'ha6u,

-

Ham

ban,
-

Dull, stupid.

sit 16,

Sfey 6,

A concubine.
Handsome.

So chae, or gay,
T'ha8usai"g,
-

A virgin. A place.
An
animal.

Ch'hin ch'haing,

Laou

4,
-

-

-

A

rogue.
self.

Sbng heung,
Tang,
Bit p8,
-

r
-

Poor.

Kate,

T

One's

Ch'hajng hwun,

Unaccustomed.

A reason, A bat.
Cheap.

Kwjln

s6,
-

Accustomed.

Pangg,

-

Nooingche"4,
Ch'haing majng,

Weak.
Blind.

Boey yeah,

-

:

A butterfly.
Deep, cunning.

Le

k'heet,
;

Ka

cheali,

The back.
-

Ch'hek, corn

Ong, aflame.

Ka

ch'huiig,
teaou,
sai"g,
16,

The buttocks.
Talent.

Kaou

6,

a chair;

Che

chuy, who ?

Cha6

Che^ou chwul"g,
T'haSu chang b66y,

Complete.

Haou

A son.
Troubled.
.

A
.

cue of hair.

Hw&n

Ay,
A',

-

-

-

Sign of the possessive,

P'hun tw"a,

-

r

A diminutive.

DICTIONARY
OP THE

^

HOK-KEEN DIALECT
OF THE CHINESE LANGUAGE.

..

\

4?^

CHINESE AND ENGLISH.

A

M g^
>f

T?^t

^

<''"*•

Oe

*

^1^

^,
*j'|

a black

crow.

A hwuy put
oe

to san

^

^ ^;

a puV^ bi}/

kadu

sw''a, a

f)] ^, ^ crow could

A

!>
If

A
I*

prefix to a

man'* name: A* so6

Ml

^ 09,
a

not

fly

to that hill.

When L^ k6ng 7^ j^
c

went

^

^»*. » fourth sooK^hengjJpJ^,
Teiou-ch^w

WV

Brother! ap appellation generally given

to the inhabitants of

to subjugate the

Tan

J5

he came to -J' nation,
it,

^

/MJ,

TiS

ekete.

a

hill,

and on asking the name of

was informed,
_

that it was called "tjie hill
fly

which crows could not

-

One second
seng

in

order, inferior in rank

:

i

.

over:" for as soon as the crows

came
as

to

the

place, their feathers
their flying.

dropped

off,

so

to. prevent

L IJ
'

^^ ^^,

a secondary sage;

Beng
*

' '^

choo

^^,
^^L

the Philosopher Mencius,
,,„,.,.

was so

called.

K'hong Beng r**

^ ^ Sj
a

^"^'""^

^ *^y

A A

hwin
"jf*

^2,

a ekaSu, a slave girl.

Confucius and Mentios.

Yin a
p'hcen

HH
Jl'

tj*

Opium.

A

|fi|

w^

familiar epithet usedrelated

p'heen kong
»<.

s.
charcoal to

^°°
the

^

hctween

persuus

by

'^ ^)
farm.

" P'**** ^""S

marriage:
distant

Opium

^^J"**^
relatives

Sd s6 yia ^
cypnpctijOW.

^ ^^ i^,
,
I

and

Dumb; Ejeang fhun

t'han

wOy

a

^w

^,;,,

f(
make

^ ^ ^ ©' f
liy

J''"S '''^ '"'^

l'hw"A chd

kdou.

Ejeang swallowed

himself dumb (or to change his voice).

^

To

rely

on, to depend "dp

AE

«

AE

Read Lok: an
of assent.

affirmative; an expression

YHA J^OI;^f&fA
a ill
,^.^~.
"^

collection of clouds.

Ac

lae

^^,

a dark

appearance

of

nA
•*
Jt^

The

noise

made by an

ox,

or an ass: a

nasal

sound.

fi^

the clouds.

^^

-|j|

P%

Minced meat. P6ng teung jeuk "a
Pfj

,,,,•
S^A

^ Vulg:

dy: short: jjn ae ae

/\.

^ y^

^
the

l&ng dy dy, a short man.

"A'^A "''"^

f^ ^§.
pastry.

P«"« '««"?
in pies-,

"«.
ffl?

minced meat
for

Koey "a

gS'

minced meat

Ae

U^^ J^
Sim

iti<^ Vule:

$'eSk:

to love,

to pity, afiFeclion,

, , attachment.

Ae

''^y^^- ^^ f^
tonness,
Bff.

^

^

To
"•=

lament, lamentable:

Lok

j6 put ylm,

j« p"t ^^''"g

1^

i!n

^ i^ "^
Said of the

hoe

ae

e

rfti

^5

^ ^ ^,
;fC

^'"'"

''^ '"^''"

Cheitng lok yea bey

ylm Iwdn,

any at heart.

pe. ae yea bey seang hae;

"Pleasing without i^an-

Hay

put

wuy
:

c

JH

|1

^,

Distance

sad without wounding."
ch'he ode.
t'hat

E^

not considered

Kwan

Ae fhong ch'ham

eh'hdm Chat, sadly pained and grieved.

ke a^ oe yeuk,

wal

ch'hit

^ M ^ He ^^
"JQ^

ae

Che^H

Teung sim ch6ng che f^ jy^
in

^ ^'
]^.^,
Se keng.
'

^'-'"K

'*'''

"P

noe ae
raf

our affections,
jit

*

!tl

chene

H6
ilSfi

bfing

che

^
|^

When

can we

^ ^^
Ae

l!^ and

-t; 'In^

"'"y-

^"Ser, sorrow,

fear,

forget them

?

See the

love, hatred,

desire, are called the seven passions.

Goe ho
ehe''d

ae yit gnfiw

^ '(pf^ — ^' ^"
Do you
think I

^

**"""

chh cheah goo,

am

sparing

Dust; small particles of

dust.

of a single ox? See

^

-?• Beng choo.
ae,

Narrow minded. Pek-6

Lew-hay-hwDy
keung,

y^PH
Ae tl.^?k

Turned sour: sooejfiae
rice injured by heat

'^ f^

[ffi

^W'
it

Ae

and damp,

till

J2L 1^
pectful
;

put

keung; ae

e

put

kwun
iHP

rhoo put yfiw

j^H^

^ RS T
disres-

turns

sour.

See the Lttn ge
ae.

ppae

i\ > ^

Collected,

gathered together:
sip

hew

Pek-6 was narrow minded. Lew-hay-hwOy was

Ae •sTpy

yew yew, ch'hun kwuy

je I6w

=g

but both narrow-mindedness and disrespect,

are what the good

man would not
a narrow
pass, a

adopt.

when the clouds are
drifted

collected together,

about;

in the

season of spring

— we

and again
can

Heem

ae

JM

Rj^

dangerous

defile.

return to the twelve-storied gallery.
gap,
the odes of the

See T6ng

se

A\e .

Tong Dynasty.

Distressed.

AH
A
distressed

&
A.

AK
To Ak

disturbed,

appearance.

w^^^ ^Jt^^ AkTi

water, to irrigate, to fructify

:

li-fa

To

han?, to throttle
ffj]

:

choo ae j6 soo
$i,

H
to

IfX

^

"Sk.

tS'

*''

•^*''h4n, to water the rice fields.

Kw4a ak

^
f|p

)T-

to

pour out.

Ak

Thoe

^
tb
strangled
in,

^,
5F,

*a

'e

jV«A l«adu j^

^F Jq^

pwiJy 'ey, fertile land.

A

surname.

strangle oneVself and die.

Geuk teung

i^

fc^a

*•'*(>»

iae

W

si,

he was

Ak <hak

fE,

restricted,

limited.

the

prison.

Ae

pA.
i

To

belch.

T°4

_
a5
^j.^

CheSngak

[g^

p- Ail/i 0(!A, to

Ak J^li%

^ fe^
kwftn
ii/

to hold

in the

hand:

S6w ak peng
gim
peng

throw out wind
k'he bwiin j« »£ |fe

^ :g ^ ;j^ cVWw
to

kw&n,

seize

on

Ihe

Paou

sit

'^

^ J^

military power.
jflj

!>§.

cAei* pa k'hi mtc^i

ji p'Uth alh,
is

having eaten to

A

curlain;

Wfiy ak IpS

Hlto,

poi letm,

a,

the full, the wind rises and

ejected.

curtain, a tent.

Toguard,

to control. Ch'heein

ih

Wun
^' ^<>P''

tew wfly ak

tcung

^ ^ 4^
a fowl
:

jl^

rf*.'

'<>

to take care of (he slipi of

bamboo u»cd

be planninj; schemes in Ihe tent.

ch'hetin &h tae j'ei by the Mandarins:

'^^ A^j
slips

the officer

who

takes care of these

The cackling of
loud laughing.

the

soand of

of

l)aralioo.

\h
jfp

song

M jg^

tth

to escort. A'h wiin ting, to guard,

Ag
p

to agree in sound, to

rhyme

wiih, to rhyme.

To

drip:

Teem ak

^

^S,

tke

rain

dripping through

A duik;

a lame

duck:

Sat key

isl

»h
*"

A-h

KB
I

^ ^ ^ fH'
kill

''"' "'^

""' "'
ji-

H6ng

yin teem "k

^ ,^ ^ ^,
IS m,
closely
set;

t^nS

"* *>*"» ">

kkllM

t'owU and ducks.

Soo gwat
"*

&h

luk k'hi, the Imperial favour distilling on the people.

seng
$i, in

Py

Fl

^L

"E^

^'

'* ^"''^'* '^* ''''^^*

'"''''"'

the fourth month, the
shell.

young ducks come out

Ak

chak
t

the teeth

near

to each

of the

other

impelled.

Gd

ch'huy

Sh

leuk

^^

lpj|

|$f ,

(the

hill.

looked) grey as geese, and green as ducks.

Ak kim y^
chest,

^

to lay

on

gold-, to gild.

a casket.

Kim kwuy geuk

Xh

Ah

SA^ K
T'ha^-o
ch'hul ^h

chestn and pearly "H. I'i^' g°'''^"

caskets.

^

Ra*
jf;',

^,

the celebrated

A

spindle, a distaff.

Thaio sword came

out ofi

s shealh

sponlancously.

AM
wMm A straw shed; Am
beaou
,

AN
Dark, dismal, no
light: Jit

boA kong wOy

am

'Am
bed.

a temple, a monastery.

Q |1|
iff'

^m, when the sun does not shine,
pwJtn

it is :4-'S

dark.

Pw4n bSng

am

che sod

£^ QB
tr^Mt_f i^

Am

cham

a sim, uncleaa, impure,

^ y^

^^"" *^"^

^"""^

^^ ^*

'""' *'*'*^ '^'**'

and half dark sentences.

filthy

Am
Flesh boiled and preserved.

gE jy, a drain, a spout. 4m Suy ^^ '^^ ChAy dm, an aqueduct.
k'hang

Am pypl JljLl *~
I

To

understand
I

-,

Be am

^ ^j
I

iBv

ftoey

hedou Kea

Am

keng

^g ^g
sfly

em

/ruwn

<i,

the neck,

tit,

do not understand.

the back part of the neck.
to have designs

Am

kan t'heen wuy

^a

^^
to

Am
bending forwards.

kwut

46

»S»

<{&,

^^

the neck

upon the Imperial

dignity.

% %

To remember,

recollect

:

all,

every.

2P

Am

^"^rt

^™

'^^" '=^'^''^

vB i^ S^.

'"

«^"y

An

Peace,
in

rest,

quietness,
?

cessation:

— how!

thing deeply experienced.

what way

A
"[fj]

surname.

ChSng je hoe Igng an ||l
See the

:l{^

^^

^

cheng jein
be at ease.

aou ey an. Being tranquil, then we

#

Pfing an 35.
fir} secure

^ M Tae ^
&
quiet.

may

hak.
rest.

peaceful and at

T'ho an

Am

An

also grief appearance 6f great gri«f,
tins.

An

Ifing

s6ng hoe
it

^ B^ ^
succeed?

^

^'
peet j« e
e,

an chw"d ey che"d,

how can

A'm jeSn seaou hwfln chea, wiiy

^
1

^j^ Rit
ifeo"», /cfldu
A-a-lJra

'P?]"! ffiia
till

^'
is

'^'"""•"'^^

An

atO*
^!p^Tjr~

Vulgarly w"a: a saddle;

ma

an

J^ ^f

bay v)"a, a horse's saddle.
k'hg ch'hut ban jin k'hin
li*.

sfaou k'hi, chong se seo peit te"a

7e?a, greatlj grievfd,

my

soul

ei>is.umed,

Pek ma k'hwa kim
#!> kliwd kim w"a,

an,

can only take

ifly

leave, and no more.

See the Kang

yeem peet

chip

^ y^

^1

^ ^ §t

^ A t'
us.

'^^^

"*

^|J

^.
disturbed Winter, bubthe

k'lied ch'hut

ban Idng Ar'Aw"^,

Riding

The appearance of

out on a white horse, harnessed with a golden saddle,
myriads of people will look at

Am
boiled.

the water in which bling up: also

cocoons

of the silk

worms have been
YiJen an

A

^ ^^,
5

unemployed, indolent.

Am

fjOi^l

All,

every one; to undrrstand.

An sun

yien ^Khun a quail.

'm

%

ANG
Read ong: an

Vulg: w"A: to
the hand
on.

idol, a

place, to put

down,

lo put

god

:

ong

sin

Jng
an tok

m'
Ifr

^, ang
ang

,ln,

a god: ong kong
divinity
id
:

^ ^^
j

kong, a

g£ng gng i(h
pae

Vulgt
IBh,

te"a: a taSIes

^ i^,
m

w"^
ong

a table, a magistrate's bench.

S

g'e

"d ang, to carry an idol
jflE

processioo

pa* ang, to worship the gods.

Lo6
P'hwitn kn

jIn

p'hok ong

^A^
was
in

)t5'

^"^

^-y

''^"'^

^j

^,

p'hw"d An, a judgment
late:

seat.

p'Aafc ang-,

the people

of the Lo6 country dried

Vulg:
teiou,

ie"d:

Jeem-cho6

their gods in the sun; this

a ttine of drought,
their

t'h6ey

Choo

wat, h6 ^n yea

^+-

when the people thought to force
give them rain, by putting
their

gods to

^^

teiou,

Boo

chod king,

^ -^ (3^a ^
fu[
too

images under a

\ll, Je&^'Ciod rh^3,

kaiu htdh w"d, Je6m

burning sun.

See the

A^ ^i,
surname
:

cho twin.

choo came back from court, when Confucius asked
him,
iQn.

^ ^^^
AttEC

Read ong;
^^^^

A

also, overflowing,

why

are

you

so late?

See the

~K =^

hay

^/''T*

^

^'^ ocean.
yftng

CbcQng gog seug

A

surname.

/J^v

, .,„g

^

fi

/^
.').

UiE
to
'

-j^'.

cheUng ^wi

chit si
life

l&ng i
tl)e
r

ang yiO"^,

.spend

An

An

oath.

This

character

is

commonly

one's whole

oq
,'

used in novels.

vast Ocean. !:{;? a* ' ->

Read ong:

a

husband,

an old mani.

An

^=1

A surname.
ling
rageous.

fx.
CI PI

""""
Vulg!^»i|r»
leVsurie':

*"

..'-It
chwftn jit
bofl

Disorderly,

ou|»

An

An Pel

I

^gM
leisure

DJ], ch«,ut"Sjli

a

i„g^

no

,1
Read 6ng: 8 Jar»
sfiy

-

.

.

'^^-^
Sip
lioe

throughout the whole day.
hfiy

chc kan h6y, song chea h4n ]\&n

-1^

'Ang

ing, a water jar.

f^, c/niy "Ong wQy koe jin

6ng

^

>

tHung

kan.,

bdn ie"S iy ling

An an,

iu

a

j^, i>c ,^"^ koi Idng k'hwug, the liquor jar should tebhyin wily
field

"•h-

^
'

A ir^

.
."

of be opened for au old friend. Sect kay twin. ^
'

See the
,

ttn acre» wjde, the mulherry-leaf gatherers go leisurely to

^^

work.

See the

||p

is

Se keng, book of odes.

t|-'

M.'j

lf>

I

l':f''.

Ml

t- 1

i

.•'

^ri. •;

*

>^

X)ng»eng

1^ ^^
Read dng.

afirt«?/l,th? vacant

A

limit,

a boundary?

y£w an IS"

B^

oo

'Jng

Ji

spare between the outer and inner city
gates.

An

P^
Ag ehevg

an,

limited.

Yit jtn che ch«ng »tn yfiw

Read dng: the
oo an,

of a leg ,ob upper part

ftn

one man's

spirits

and

vigour
'
I

slocking; b^et,9ng:^^
the leg of a stocking.

^^

biifyli ifig,

are but limited.

Bfln an

P^ IRj

mooi"^ «fip, the threshold

"JK

of a door.

mi i^,M.1^,

tltt

'O*

!*«''«

of • boot

AOU
lim. the inside of the
nose, a disease in

a6u
Aou
Deep and hollow eyes; the eyes turned

the nose.

i#.
J"»|'*

inward.

To
Read hdng
:

a surname.

Aou
red

twists

s6w aou

^ i^,

ch'hiw aou,

to twist with the hand.

Read hdng: Red; of a
surname
:

colour: a
s"a.

hfing

sam i,T 'Z^, ing

a red coat.

Yitteem

hflng

hwa kwun

peen swat yin e

— ^^ |l ^ W^ ^ ^- X
e,

ch'hae khe,

jew

lie

chim

,

^

^- ^Al
lllf

L6 aou

-4^ 'uSj an

old

woman

:

epithet for the terrestrial gods.

k'hi,

kSh

Ide

chim t'hadu pee*^ kong yin

"one

^^ST Read
A.6u

oe

:

to vomit
to

:

06 t'hoe

jj^ n\thing.

speck of a red flower (a drop of blood), you have
already taken away, and

WlQEl
blood.

aou Choi,

vomit
a<ia

up any

now you come
hum."

to the side

of

my

pillow to whisper and

A

06 h6ng p^ Ot new

|»I,

hoiyh, to vomit

couplet

on the mosquito, made by

^t

iHk Siie-moey.

^OM

^

$J|, adu

laou,

to

rumple
^ff^ iijl

up any
^jf
into

thing.

Che oe new
^adv, to roll

Ang

Read ong

:

A basket

:

t'ho6 ong

T' S|

cAwd adu

up paper

fhot ang, a basket of earth.

a

ball.

To

hold

fast:

chip

aou

^ i^^

to

fSS

Aou

t^

Read 06:

A

surname.

Also aou ying

Aou

adhere to one's

own

opinion.

Ong-

I^IUJT

P^ im^ A

a double surname.

keng-kong chip aou 3l. ^'J '2^
Tn\, 6ng-keng-kong obstinately adhered to his

^
own

cup: tay

aou

Aou

^ ^,
sijet
'*''

a tea cup.

opinion.

Aou

k'heng c'heak
""''

heang
'^'''"

E^ ^^
cMi/h

A6u, sek put p«ng yea
•Hl>
adii,

]^-7^
place.

^^
fresh.

y& at H*

*^

ti cheSh u'"

pai"S yei, aou

cheih p'hang, the bottom of the cup was strongly

means a stony uneven

scented with the smell of the sparrow's-tongue

tea.

Read oe

:

stinking,

rotten,

not

A6u

^
^ ^ I •^

But oe k'he
Uneven, an unevenness
in the

^ ^ ^^

me'i^h

aou

ground.

k^hi,

any thing turned, as meat.

Tey aou
I

Aou

^ ^,

a hollow

place

in

Aou naou

stubborn. 'JM^'git sour, surly,

^—'

the ground.

K06 been b6 aou

che

bek

koi chd ty hee'^ k'hwut a k'heSh b'ak chey, the hollow

to-^^i^pg^l^,
ink stone,
collects

Read ho6:
\,

the throat:

y«en hoe

place in

an old

the ink in

n& a6u, the gullet.

abundance.

AP
Pa jeen
hofi

AT
pi!>

ch-he

^ Pg P^ g,
:

"A adu

iy wuy, to guard the important passes of a country.

^

tray for carrying presents on.

Read lok
lok

to assent to.

Put k'heng he

k'hin k'hwai he j|m 1^ aSu, not easily assenting to any thing.

'^

^

vF

A

cage for wild beasts; hoe soo ch'hut

Ap

Read

hoe

:

after,
n|l

afterwards,

behind.

Adu
Tiy hoS
35,
«"*

Chefin hoe

broke out of their cages.

P?

go6 ch'hut Sh,

the

ti<:er

and wild cow

Seethe "T^

i^, chtng
and
last.

adu, before

f^

hay iQn.

and behind,
^;j

first

^^

liy aou, behind

;

hoi lag

1^

Ap

afterwards.

k
Ap ^F"^^ Beautiful,
fair,

hi Ay

#
fdttg,

Familiar, nearly related.
che4,

Keen choo soey
ii

suy ap pit peen
'J^*

^W
tuy
te

^ ^ ^•
'»«'«

^'

*"'*""^ *'^"^

'^"^

cA'Wn

k'ln, y'id

leOh pein lek,

on

seeing a person in

mourning, although a familiar
(i. e.

handsome.

friend, he

would change colour

put on a sad

countenance): Said of Confucius.

%_

To

eat,

to

unite;

also

verbose.
'"*

Yew
*"*
'"^

Ap

l(Jp^%*

Shortness of breath.

Ap
down)
to gobble.

P"5r
_****!

''»"*''*

^p

^ p^ ^ Bt^

cheih, let us all eat together.

^% Ap flkH ^i^
k .^
*'^

Read yip:

to swallow

G6 ap
fishes

s6y

^

Pg

/)(,

W

ap cAriy, the

SS ip, kwa b«ng « J,, rf ih^a Ay jg| ^j, ;0, m'c i, Se is the name of one of the ap, diagrams.

^.

swallow down water.

Jb.

A.
.

To

be moiste moistened)
to be

ap yip hSng loc

iy

A

black kind of bird; also, at at }^^
to get out.

^^

11]^

Ap

moistened
Jg,

difficult

/W

by falling
hong.

dew.

See t the
(o

[^

Kok

To

restrain; at ch£

To

repress,

press

down>

to

descend.
to forbid.
gfi

jt.

to

repress.

BoA k'heuk

Tong
cA^M
k'e^a ne

cheet, k'heung

y£w hok ap the

h6ng,

bod at

cKhing
woa tiyh ling iy kan
it is

wan k'hwut chUy
bt,

chAh,

<f

tin, if the

beam
lAng
t'eAh

yew

u*" I'hang at

cW
See

do

not

tura
the

aside
selling

the

should break,

to be feared

some one may be

aqueducts,
rice.

and

do

not

repress

of

crushed by the accident.

Why
in
,

not?
ap,

ap,
se

h6 put yea

«

IdT

/^
why

"^5

Vulg :poyA:
bin

«"« toa u"' sp means

to pull up. Song jln yew k£ beftou che put tcing j« at che

not?

Choo wat, ip kok

gftn J*

«he

-^

jE) j§!

]^,
ch^,

/^oo cAod Adnjf, «"« loi

fi"" »fiy

Mnj: Wng-

^U ^
"P*
ii/

rim

eVhi i Ay 6™ leang two, ji pAgh
the

e k'ki lai,

a roan of

Confucius

said,

why do you not each one
Sec the
t*

tell

Song country was grieved
fast

that his corn
it

would not

us of

your views?

g|| Seang

iQn.

grow

enough, so he pulled

up

(to

make it longer).

c

AY
Pit at
the

»
at,

•>AYH

M ^,
Ke

phei"S

the bridge of

3
Read hay below, under hay
:

nose.

chit s6w,
;)ofi

ch'heuk at ^S^
Vhe "d,

;

tfiy

"pC

^^

4E "^ ,^ Wp, cM

t'A/ioa fcafr

ay

tey,

underneath.

T'heen hay kok kay
"^ ^s ^"^
^"1/' ^^^

p'hei^S t'haSu gneaou gneaou, they

all

got head-aches,

Jc T^ 1^

^c.

''''**

and drew up the skin of their foreheads (by frown'ingl.
See

Empire, with the different

states

and families.

See

3r -^

Beng choo.

j^

^

Beng choo.
kang
h.'iy

T'heen

bin

^ [^ ^
~|V

l'hee"S h&ng

ay tiy dy payh sai^S,

Heaven has

sent

down

into

The unevenness of mountains.

being the lower classes of people.

Readek:

calamity;
straits.

chae Syh

fji

RJO^

Ay

tay

A

^5

kSaou

iy geo^S,

the

Jyh
kap sdng

affliction,

Ek

keflng j6 put

appearance of pride.

P;E::
hiiung,

yed b6 hwdn
still

Id,

being

in affliction

and poverty, he

was not

Ay

Wt 3

grieved.. Sai<l of

Ch'him ay J3| y5§, deepness of water
s
-

Lew-hay hwDy |^p "j^

M,
:

in

jg; :|L

^ng choo.

Ay

k'hay

Ay

H^ -B*^

a contraction of

C^
^"^
in

Read ek

:

a yoke

pok ek 6.k4y gnfiw
'\'

A7/h

B¥-^

limbs.

flr '
yoke

If Ue ^X
g<>6,-

%
'.

p<'''

«** «
in

* *^3'

to bind
1

the oxen.

"

!

i " .

qn the yoke, "'
.

order to

A'y k'ho6
to speak.

jK

H

i^

fcadu,

dumb, unable
k'hoe

Read ek:

straits,

difficulties.

Kwun

Ch'heng bgng ay
:.

|^

[IS

5^

P

ch'hat"^ mai^S

djD

kaou, blind

AyU

and dumb; said of those who can neither write nor
read'.—

Jt
kwun
choo

choo che ek,

i

Tin Cirhae che kan

leoo

ayh wun,

te

Tin

kok Ch'hai kok

"Are you dumb,

that

you cannot speak?"

dy teung kan, the
was
in straits
.

good

main''(

meaning. Confifcius)

je se ay

k'hoe, put Icng gSn hoe

|^ -^ '^

P

between the

countries of Tin and

Ch'ha^.
•,V> in-'Av.."''.

S?e ~T>

^
:

hay beng.

Mute:

'4y

jeSn
AraoM

jfi

ch'heiou JI^
ch'hed,

^

'mi

^5^ a^

<a/i

he was mute,

Jj/h

a#
-^

Read ae

t^a ae

^T

^

P'A^A

ay*,

to belch.

and did nothing but laugh.

Read
sun

wfiy: short, dwarfish: T'hoe-hfing-

wuy

choo,

put bwan

sod ch'hek

Ji/h
b6

Vtwi-Mng-sun
kvcdn,

te

ay d ke^d,

mw"d

si

ch'heSh

m
Loe heep
the road

Read heep:

narrow, confined.
't^K

TeSng tw&n kong heep -M^ -tt ||g

U"S

tiy

k'hwSh dyh, long and
,

short,

broad and narrow.
ISn hfing
is

n

Tho6-h6ng-sun was a dwarf; not above four
See the

^ ^ ||ff

loe

iyhShU^i,
r.

spans high.

^f

jfiffl

'®[

Honf

stn

twin.

narrow and di£Scult tortravelw

BA
Koc
tint

BAE
*»« cAi>
p'ftea/i,

A

loe

heep

ae

@ j® ^ j^^

kiD"a kgh, obstinate and narrow-minded.

A-yh

D^^
1^

A

noise in the throat,

made hy

belching.

B
Read Read
pa: a scar, a

ok:

bad,

corrupt,

wicked.

mark of a wound.

Bae

Ok kwuy ^^

^,

bai kwuif, a bad
*«* Je. a f»"'

i\y^
^iiiik

devil

V

ok jo&

^,-J^^

ba

^

word
bith
jjti.,

;

ba, a rising of the

ok but |t^
Jfp.

[l|n,

bai met"}!, a worthless thing;

6csh,

an inflammation.

ok jin

J^.

bai Idng, a wicked man.

^
Read bi-iou:
hS.
njS^
a

^

Dull, not bright.

Cheak h"6 put bae
'*''*

prostitute;

ch'heang
jin hoe

ba

Bae

a bad

woman.

Ban

k6

wfl, beaou

P^

A P^ ^ Ui ^'
people
the leprosy.

X^l^
See
SrlJ

45k

^^
*<"?.
'jl^.

^ ^ ^'
a
little tire
li

'""'"' ^'^' "'"

will

not burn brightly.

"^''

-^

Le'el

lican.

ling

ked

ki

se b&,

the Ilok-keen

call a

prostitute B4.

Vulg.

tai:

To

bury, to inter, to hide
;

B& hong

i^ >^^
JII^

B& hong
*<»

Bae
Gnoe

under ground
sacrifice.

also,

the

name of a

put k'ho e
b6

||[

Pj"

^,
is

A*"^

Chang viiy, the

leprojy

incurable.

hofi bafi

kim

« kirn l«ng

"^

ji^ jl^

^^

Road m4ou: pan mftou '8? ^^,

/^ te
?<"<
f>d,

kim ling, the five goi ig hot tai kim twa le

Ilofi's

cantharides: aUo, pitted with the small

(or foreign states) buried gold at Kim-I£ng.
bafi

Chdng
pox.

boo boe

^ j^ X ^'
jft^.

"*""*' '"*

pay

boe,

to
kfi

bury one's parents.
wit. e baC>
i

Read bciou
a fox.
*/^, bd

;

as,

beaou
Ifi

16

^ |g,
geuk bin

bd K,

So5 tey

Beaou

U

|*a |S woo Whang, the foxes have holei.
|j§,
bd,
a.

yew

hee't

^

^ M B J^ Mto baC.
sacrifice

ch'kai tey tin kong,
terrestrial

bde,

to

the

gods

is

called, e

Geuk been

biiaou

£g jQ

pearly faced fox,

a while fox.

Rain

following

wind.

Cheung hong
k'heng la*

Ba6 .J^ff%
|j>
|.

ch'he°a ba6,

hwuy

jefin

Ba ba

^

JS^, a country-born Chinese.
sit

Ba ^^^\^^ Ba
bat

ba put

T6ng

san

kwuy kc

^

eMl
lai,

jit

woo hong k-wd

hoc, yin

hwuy kaiu k'hing
rain,

after a

whole day's wind and

he was

T£"S tw"a kwuif ki,

half-caste Chinese are not

so kind as to be willing to

come.

China. •cquaintcd with the customs of

Read bC:

Ba

m

the eye-brows;

bok b«

'S^ Hwun

hwun

^

)^^

ba

ba

^l^fl^6^- \Bae
clear.

b'ak bat,

the eye-brows.

Kwan-6 y*w

sometimes confused and sometimes

g5ch-hamb6|ig^:fjgM^l,

BAK
Kwan-e
woo
go
ch'hing

10
iy
bat,

BAN
Be bok p'han hgy
dy bak chew,
tiful

Kwan-e
like

(the

|^
the

Q

^ ^,
k'hi

ch'hin ch'hai

^

Mars of China)
silkworms.

had

eye-brows

sleeping

oe

payh pun

hwun bing, beauand
black
clearly

eyes,

with

white

divided.

See the

V Sb
:

seang lun.

Read be:

the
bai,

lintel;

bun

bfi

Bae
Suy
A'fcf

p^

1

mooi"^
k'he fing
l:e

the lintel

of a door.

Bak
^M

^ ^ :^ |g,
le

'"""S

>">/

*
Yi^fin

Read bok wood
bak,

;

se

bok

i^ "X^^ ch'hew

timber.
ch'h'ed"S,

Bok

ch'bijang Jft ^ffr^

bak

a carpenter.

ing mw"d

dy mooi"S
lintel

bai,

may

happy

bok kew g6
bak cKhuy

^ yk i^
hi,

ft

payh cheo^S
in

influences

replenish the

of your door.

ch'hew

to

climb a tree

order

to seek for fish;

(representing

the unsuitableness

Bah

^
j^
Jeuk suy

Read
te

jeiik:

flesh:

te

jei'ik

bSh,

pork;
bih,

y4ng jeiik

yHo"^

mutton;

[^, gnew jeuk 'r*

^ ^
Sft

of the means to the end).

See "St

?• Beng

choo.

|^,

Bak

Read bwat

;

as

bwat

le

hwa

^ ^ "^^
^ji.;

gD& bSh, beef.
to,

bak nee^S hwa, the jessamine flower.

put sod sin sod k'he

Rq

^

;^

11^

^ >^ ^,
k'he,

bSk suy ckey, bo hoe e ye"d

Read bek

:

ink

;

bek been
stone.
'

>pB

*"' che

pool^S dy

although
it

he

had

much

flesh,

Bak

hee^S, an
piiey

ink
i^/J

Biin

bek

yet he would not let
rice at a meal.

exceed the quantity

of

JjT

"7 ^p

^^'' ^"l'

dy poey,

Said of Confucius, iu the

_L

learned men.

?,m

seang lun.

Tong Jeem
woo

p'hek toe se hoo, sey vka hfin bek lim "na

*
Rak

^® #
Read
jiiem
:

/^-

"S
dy

S ^ 1 #.
hoo,

""^^-*'

"^^

to defile,

to soil.

toi

ch'hiyh

tae

dy hwui"^ woo han
is

woo

^
k'he

JkT

bak

14

s4m,

to defile

bak dy lim, within the eastern wall
of books and

the palace

with dirt.

maps,
forest

and

towards

the

western

Put jeem seuk
bak teoh
with a

^i^

^

(|f

^,

«""

t'hang

garden

is

the

of learned men.

he seuk dy Wht,

don't

defile

yourself

common

vulgar

spirit.

T6ng-Le-koe bong lew

chijep

jijem p'haou

j^
Le-

Bam /go* A
k

way of

calling

infants.

^ ^
of
a

i^P bang kei"S liw cheep

>t

^

t^'

^""ff ^'^o"
e

^^ ^^""'^

bak teSh

ay

p'haou,

h^
^"^

Read bwan
bwan /^^

:

to drag,

to

puH; k'han

koe of the T6ng dynasty dreamt
willow
tree

that th^_ juice

Ban

Jr^jjfl
»

/W

k'han ban, to pull along.
t'heen e Jffi IpJ

spotted
to

his

gown, (and

he

Bwan hwuy
e,

afterwards

attained

the highest literary honffif

^T

To"

ban tooi^S I'hee"^ dy
the decrees

to pull back (to reverie)

ours). See the

^S ^^ ^K

kong soo luy hoo.

of heaven.

31
Read bok:
the eye: yulg: bak cheif, the
pit,

Bak

i

eye.

Bt, b6k,

k'hoe,

fS

H

©^

Ban

P

bai, bak, p'hee"^, ch'hUy, the eye-

brows, eyes, nose, and'tnoutb:

m
^

Read cheet:
hwa
ijfr

to pluck,
^

to

pick; chcet
pie|i flowers.

'Ty

ban hwa, to

Wuy

tijang
ti

chea

cheet. chq

^L -^
Jeif,

ijfr^^, wuy

twi ling bin th'hii.

to

B^Nyn
pluck a branch
at

IX
of a superior.

^^AN
the southern Ban.

the

command

See

the

Q?

See

^^

^
;

Song

so6,

Beng

choo.

History of the Song dynasty.

A

Bin

l£b
%
tCfe

myriad,

tetf

thousand
siiey

also,

a

sur-

Distant, a far journej.

Ban

name.
the lord

Bin

yei

^

]i^ '^•
an

of ten

thousand years:

The

plaster of a wall.

Hwuy wa

ek bin

appellation given to the
live the

Emperor, similar to

"Long

Ban

XSny
_^^^^
tiles

§^
hei,

^ S| ^,
walls;

p'AaA p'hwd ay cKhob
peih, broken
ex-

king!"

wi wa dy ck'hi6^S
(a

Ban sew bo6 keang ^,
net"^ bo

^fe

che"d ban
years of
life

and

scratched

reproachful

kmng

chin, ten thousand
;

pression intimating, a bad execution of work).

without limitation
tion

used as a wish of congratula-

Ba an

P
^*
pak
thi'jr

on the Emperor's birth-day.

The

wide

and

vast

appearance

of

water; an inundalion.

Ban
bUn
I'hdou,
sit

Jr
^S^
^^^^
k'hi,

iXot yet: also

used as an expletive.

A
a

cake I bin t'h6e bpj
loaf

Luxuriant,

wild,

Ban

spreading
»»«

as

weeds.

of bread,

I'ok »e

chwin

bftn

t'hde Jf'

M

Ban

^^» "^'^^

'*"

Hn j/etn dy
widely

cKhiou Bh
are

9 J^ H ®U
with

kaxiu eh heng
difficulty

»e

chwdn cheih bUn

t'hiou, in the north country,

weeds

spread
the

eat nothing liut lircad.

cleared away.
eel
;

See

'^

iSi cho twan.

Hi,,

Sue
Ban
tr^/t "Sil^
kifif

%$t
'\

"' Ig.
*" hai

mu>''i
niu'"<S,

:

an

hae bin jf
a congar
eel.

a sea

eel,

Ban

|h&

A

foreigner, a barbarian

;

bin bck

^
Ban

^

•''

'"'"'"'

""' •*"

tl ^,

^

'"'

cu

^g,
sin,

uncivilized

people.

Gin leung

To

slight,

to despise.

heng tok keng, »uy bin bek che

pang.hengef

,^,^;fj^^.J||f|5
Ban 2^\Ai*

Inelegant, ravelled; also,
a guitar

the string of Ian
hfiy.

K'heng

yin

kew

A-enff,

tuy kttou bdn bek &y panp kok, )ii iy ke''d,
sincere,

when a men's words are

and

bin.,Sn^@^/^|L||^,
the

his

conduct

hanging

clouds

broken

and dispersed, seem

respectful, even into barbarous countries, he
safely
travel.

may

iatertwined and raTelled together.

The province of Hok-keen.

A

A

Slowly,

leisurely:

hin

ban

'f^ '(^

Ban

Hok-keen wat Bin seng ||g Htk-kein Reo Bdn lai"*", Hok-

^Q

Ban

^^S*
i--^^

very slow.
a
little

Chhe''a ban g,

-g,

stop

^ ^,
the

keen

is

called

Bin

firoTtnee^'
sip pal

Ban -^Xffi
tijng
{.ft

A.n

expletive, a

particle; also, and.

Ying-bun-kong cheng 14m bin

To
A'Ae

despise, 'iu slight,

to neglect;

boo

Cheng hwat Idm bin iai''S d^ chap pit/h long,
^the

Ban •r^*^

ban

/&

ij©

to contemn.

Tong yung

Yed°S-bua,-k6ng coa<)uered

eighteen caves of

maou, soo wan p6 ban

^ ^^

al^.

BANG
Sff

13
ydng mauu

BAOU
To

\^ ^K

t^:>

*'"

'^"^ Jan &y

teSh,

chid ly hwui"^ k^hi po ban,
perly

by regulating pro-

Bang

talk

incoherently.

the motion

of our countenance, we shall

be able to avoid insult and neglect.

Ban ^mJL^ To

Bin

m A
'

A

surnames

Bang-t'hong

/||^

be inundated by water.

Bang

a celebrated

man

in

the

>_

l|j{

Sam kok.

The same

as ban 'KB

to

slight.

Also put

read beng, a decree.
Ifing ke,

Keen

hijfn jc

Bang

W f^J
rfij

%

-,

Read bong:
bong

to hope, to expect; ke
*'^

^a
bang

^
to

bang, to hope for.

f

ke je put

Ifing seen,

ban yea,
"^^

Bong

to jS

be che keen

~V

S

H
Said of

chun

^

a yea boey ey as one that
it.

k'hwni,
-jfl
,

he looked towards virtue

kliw^il

g&ou Idng ji bSy
e tae

kt yung,
tae

ke yung
if

had not yet come within sight of

j6 bey hoe

scng,

chey se

bin yea,

on seeing clever people, we cannot employ them

A^
;

^ BQn

6ng, in the ~pC

J^

hay beng.

and
this

in
is

employing them
really

if

we do not
See

prefer them,
the

slighting them.

"4^

^
of

Bang

Tae hak.

^
bo

Read bong:

to

dream; a dream, a

vision of the night.

Kew

c,

goe

put hew

bong

kijen

Chcw-kong

A
Ban

sting, the sting of a bee

,

or other

insect.

Ban h6 yew tok
ti'oo

ira

E 7^
tail

kSh bang kei"S Chew-kong,

it

is

now

a long

^H^}

ban boiy
is

tok, in

the

time since I have dreamed about Chew-kong. Said by K'h6ng-cho6 "Mj ~f-^ Confucius, in the

a stinging insect there

poison.

Read bun, a musquito,

a small gnat.
tit;

Bang

fe

Bun teang
quito

^

curtains.

[^^ bang Pe bun
si,

mus-

Read bong:

a net;

a fishing

net.

geet so6

M ^ S ^,
Bang
kin

Bang

Koe chea bong koe,
ch-hAnchebok

yQng

soo

hoe

bang ka

to

be bitten

to death by musquitoes.

-jj^^^^/^
iy
bang,

^ -^ ;^
bong
ch'hiin

1^

fcoiS

fdng

yung

se

Read bong: a head-kerchief;

" The ancients dy hak,
inches

in their nets

used

i^

[fjj

bang

kin,

a kerchief to keep

meshes of four
allow the smaller

square:"

in

order to
that they

formerly worn by
their hair tied closely

officers,

fishes to

escape,

together.

might grow

larger.

Seethe commentary of the

Jh

^

seang beng.

Banj

Exuberant, great, abundant.

One of

the horary characters,

used

Baou

A
Bfing

dog with long shaggy bair.
b4ng

Boo
lijl,

so6

hwuy

M ^^ j^

^P
ehatfhy

by the Chinese in reckoning years,

months, days, and hours. sok jit sin baou

Sip gwat che kaou,

-r

El

a'" Chang hoe kaou pwvy, don't set the dogs a-barking.

cKhey

yit se

$in baou,

upoa

the

chao^

BAY
of the tenth moon, the
first

Id
day will be denoted I^a tHy

BAYH
ttou,

te bat/ bey ke''d,

it

is

not that

I

by the characten sin ba6u.

dare to be
constellations;

behind-hand,

but

because

my

horse
lun.

One

of the

28

the

cannot get forward.
Said by

See the _[2

Sm Seang
last in

Baou

9P
S.
to

Pleiades.

Confucius, when he was

flight.

A
Ba6u

water plant, a certain
sAy,

Read ma: a water dam,
vegetable.

built of stones:

Soo lok p'hw&n
kfi

g&n ch'ba6
;^;-

a farm of the taxes.

Sek

m& S"

J3S-.

ba6.

B

^ Jt

-f

n
and

-^

chedh bay,

a stone
d,

dam

or mound.

on, seo"S k'hi p'hw"d k'eun^

Mi

choo

di/

chUy, kong

i^

'fi, bay

a farm
-f^-

of

the

taxes:

biiiyh

ban e iy baou ch'hai, thinking of going

ke&ou

ma

choo

|^ g£

kio bay a, to let out
iZ.^

the

pond before the prince's school,

the farms;

ch6w m4 choo

¥^ J^
ma
cho6

chiw biy
tf^

a,

there. talking about picking the baou vegetable

the arrack fiirm; a p'been

d^

XE ^X-

See the

-^

ftt

Tae gnay

odes.

a p'hein bdy i, the

opium farm.

M4
Read boe
:

16

sik

to bargain

;

to

bargain

J^

^

-^^ biy

16

ckek,

the cornelian stone.

Baduh

for any thing in the lump.

Boe ko

choo

^
to

^Bff

!£•

baSuh kwHi/ chi,

k
Bat
Sit

to bargain for the whole of a man's fruit.

Readmae:

to buy, to purchase.

£ hwa

'y
Read
with.
sit:

r^l
3K '

keem

tijep

che, raa6 sek Jeaou ytn la£

know, to be acquainted
sit

Seang

;t^

^^

«£a bat,

to

"f" *»"» Ifi"
ti lot,

iii^y !/eih

kadu, bdy cheih lei"^

be mutually acquainted with.

hwAn kdh

joo ^nt

S!

removing a flower, the butterfly
it,

bat je,

to

know

letters.

comes along
the

with

and buying a stone, eyen
it.

Seang ko6 bo6 seang
teo k'hw^d bS seo
bat,

sit

;j;g

||
at

to look

jfe "jfl f|, one another,

surrounding
Tflng K.

clouds accompany

See the

without knowing each other.

See the

^&

t^F

^U
Bay
Mae
to

X
Bat

T6ng

se.

Read mai

:

to sell, to dispose of.
|g{[

Cbd

Read
<.>B^>

bit: secret, close, concealed, near,

mat mae
to

S

^^

cho bdj/'bay,

not distant.

Jip

lira,

wfly k'he6ng

buy and

sell.

p»t
ck'eui nd,

''i't

wHy ke"a

ne

A W P ^T^^' >> when man
u'" bat,

ma6 tok

^ /I W
lick
:

jfg,

l>dy to

bdy god

d,

a

enters

to sell a knife, in order to

buy

a heifer.

the forest
lest it

[to secrete himself] he

is

only afraid

should not be close and secret enough;


Bayh

(Said of those learned

men who

retire

from the

world

in

disgust).

*
^rw -^^

Read

wheat; a surname.
biyh, barley
;

Tae bek
hwan bek

"^ ^) '»«

Beng
R<-ad nia: a horse: a surname.

hiiy

che gwat, bek rh'hew che
fff;

fjC

©

K'hd ra&

^
1»'5#

*
Jl^,

^''^ ****'

*"

"'••«

O" * horse.
put
chin

^^^

5:'
in

*'** '*"*''' **^
first

^y ^''***

bdyh tang kadu,

the

months of summer,
See tke flB

Hwuy k&m hoe

yei,

m&

the wheat harvest comes in.

IP

BE

14

BE
Vulg: boiy: a
Uii\,

A

an end;

t'hofe
tail.

h€

^

I'hadu boiy, i^

head and

Read htj:

to secrete

one't-self.

sew wuy be
k'e^a biiiy,

S ^ ^ B^

Wuy

ke''a t'hadu

to be afraid of both beginning

and ending;

to be irresolute.

Rice; a surname.
rice
is

Be kwuj

;^ ^j

'he

S6w be

put 16ng seang koe

dear.

Bfe

ch'heuk hwuy put to
bi cKhek
rice

^ ^:.^^)^ ^,
be able to look
at once.

t'hadu bSey bij/ ey seo koi, not to
after both

,e&
'

^^4^7f^%
it

head and

tail,

i.

e.

mind two things

chey,

is

not

because

the

and
beng.

paddy are

insufficient.

See the ji^

Be

teen pae sek

-^

^^

JQ "^ Seang
^

The

bleating of sheep.

bi teen pai cheSh,

the fool

Be

used to worship

stones.

This was a
great

man

of the

Song Dynasty, who
high in

possessed

A

talents,

and rose very

office,

but he had
he could

surname,

common

in

the

Ch'hoe

this failing,

that whenever he saw a stone,
it;

country.

not help worshipping

hence he was called a fool.

Query,

Do

not many of his countrymen merit the
>

Vulg:

siiy

:

Beautiful, fine, elegant, good,
e

handsome: Choo wuy se&ou chin be

same appellation

Jl^^
•\|

To

soothe,

to

pacify.

Be

Ifing

boo

kung, Sitn

6,y

gak chin chae

sAy,

Confucius

said,

that

the music of Sikn was very

fine.

-^\^

and

pacify warlike concerns.

See the

±^^
Re

Sey hong
Idng, the

hi.

jin

si:6"S se.

^ ~H
man
siiy

3^ ^^

»ae

he^ iy gAou

clever

of the west.
»5y

Sey-se ch5ng

maou be

1^
H Fl.
^^
X

Any

thing got into the eye.

©^

7)^

|^ f| ^,

Sae-ie
se's

iy ehe"S maou

kwa chhin

ch'hai^S, Sae-

appearance was beautiful and engaging.

To

stop, to put a stop to.

Kwuy-k'hongJr»6jr,
,

Be

choo b6 t5

k'hong-choo bi bS

^ J^ If ^ ^,
to

Beautiful,

wanton,

overturned;

not,

a

cKhal, Kwuy-k'hong-

[vJV

negative particle.

Teng woey che

yim,

choo exterminated the robbers.
Unwearied, not
••'"hira

U
tired.

ban che yim yea

feelinir

Sit

che

/^
yim,
the

^
che

^ ^| "^
ditties
»*J'

p".
have

*^""' '' ** *^'' ^jl^ '^"ff ""^^ ^V

Be

J^^M

ch'him,

tat

che be be

^^ "^
'''''
Be

expression

of

amorous

aeo"S leoh ch'him

KSU WM-'MZ ^. ^' Mhim,
we
shall fee!

"'''

sound. generally a wanton
scy
te

kabu bat e chew seo^S bey yed,

^ 0^ )^
jfi

jb:. *^

'"*"'* »"'**•

on giving up the study of any thing, we think it till we understand difficult, but if we persevere
it,

that

which cannot be stopped.

no disposition to be

tired.

See the

j|,>^

A

kind

of vegetable;
sit

also,

a

flower.

It IE,

Ley

kd.

Bg
to pat a stop to.

^^y 'yV)^
and ate of

Ch'ha6 be

^^

ifn

#, "» W
who

dji cheSh, they picked the
it;

Bd vegeUble,

To

stop,

said of Pek.fe and Seuk-ch«y,

wandered

into the

mountainn,

and liTed on wild

B fe
vegetables,

16
the
rice

BE
A » V
Small,

A

rather

than

eat

of

the

^
§

diminutive,
J'"

worthless,

trifling.

Chew

dynasty.

Be jtxt\T

T*^

P"' ^^'"^

^y

^^

*^*'^

'°°

Ch'heang be hwa

^^
bai:
be.

i^j
the

eh'hed'V bi kwa, a rose.

y^\ A /F iS ^ ^ :^ $,
te

"^
""^

'-"

bo

t'euk

>^y bi

dj/

too,

great

men

Vulg
1^

eye-browsj

bok k^

are not par-

ticular aliout small,

bak ba£, the eye brows. Also written

trifling things.

Ch'hit ch'hek be k'he,

e sew

hoo hoe
'^J'

Chtn sew g6
a head
like

ii
l'«

flp

!^

"^

j^ /g,
insect,

cMn

I'haiu gd bai,
like

H ^ #,
"

-^ /^
***
<JJ'

<^*'*''

<*'**«*
boe,

^ «"

»in,

Mj/ teSh ae&ou

lijf

i

pay

"my

seven-span-

the

Chin

and eye-brows

long, diminutive body,
in

the silkworm.

has only involved

disgrace,

my

parents

an expression of humility.

Bfln be

p^ ip,

mooi"S

bai,

the

lintel
f^i

of a door.

Ch'hun sek Cng bd

^

T6e be hwa

B^
a flower.

^ ^ ^,

the

name

of

TOooi"S' ia^,

may

the

beauties of spring replenish

the

lintel

of your door;

-a good

wish

pasted

up

A
/JiiCr'

large

kind of stag; also, a doe.

Koe

on people's doors.

VpU^

hSng gin be lok
k''hw"i

II '^ 1^
it/

H%
kap
tui

twi

cheSh

gin.

Gd

be

^^,

the

name nfahill.

cheih

djf lek, looking at the large wild geese,

and

the larger slags.

See the

t*

-3l Seang beng.

Very, more, extensive.
gean;;

Hoo-choo che

to,

che be ko, chwan che be keen

To

divide,

to pari.

Vulg:
kwin, chwui"^ e na ling, with respect to the doctrine
of Confucius, the more
higher
the
it it is

moiy

:

Rice-water, congee,

rice

gruel: a surname.

chi-uk

looked
it
is

^ ^^
Un kf
i(t.
*

up

to,

the
into,

dm moiy, congee.
Leftng-hwQy-dng 6 fhod
bin je cheen che tey

appears,
it

and the more
See the

bored

che koe

b6

harder

scem.s.

f^,

gjsi

Seang

lun.

•^

^ 7>wf
I^Jl^^
full

-^^^

Full,
""^

overflowing,
''*

abundant.

Hd
'*"'

suy

^^ ^^

^ ^'
^1
the
7|<

""^

"

^ ^ i II ± ^ ;^ 1 ^ K 1 Z,
ifn
/'-"'/r-*»^-''-"'vr

S

'^-J

te^

hAe e dy yein koi, bi Idn e Ay piyk tai"S, ji

mw''i, the

waters

of the

river

were
hong.

k'ki tea Chat,

on account L«:ftng-hw0y-6ng merely
of
territory,

and overflowing.

See the

j^ Kok

of

extension

harassed

his

people

The

brink,

of water,

water's edge.
'*

(literally, boiled

them down

into gruel), and drove

B^

>

Chae s6y che t*
dy
bi,

/^

^^ •^,

'*"*

them to war.

on the water's edge.

See the same.

Be ho*

f^ 1^_
to

a kind

of monkey.

A mound

or altar of earth.

-1^ I"" To

drag,

influence.

Gno yew h"©

^^

The name of a

place.

Ch'heen toe Bi-oe

BS

r^^
if ehiak

chi-ak.

goe

t

cho6 be the

H ;^ ^

to Be-oe.

wiiy,

e»i

koi

U

U

e,

I

have an eligible

BE
office,

16
you,
to

BEAOU

^bich 1
iiiflueOce.

will give to

draw

it

into

your

See the

^

rS

YeSh keng

A

slanting look

;

read bea, a surname.

Plants growing in the water.

Bg

^t% ^ff^
^r

The

noise

made

in calling

ducks; b£ b€,

something

similar to the "dill, dilly,"

Beaou ^J

The

flowing appearance of water.

of English housewives.

Be

*
Hwin
Be
Ifing

Vulg:

boei/:

not yef

;

not; also, one of

Beaou

The diminutive appearance of things, when viewed at a distance.

the horary characters.
boet/ lai,

Be

lafi

^fe"

^^
Beaou
The
ezpansiveness of water.

not yet come.

b« sSng

j^

^ ^,

yid boey che"d, not yet

completed.
soo jln, yean ISng soo

kwuy ^j^ g^ S,

Dark,

indistinct,

distant,

enlarged.

Beaou
cAai
e^r
ft'jfc

sae kwAy, not being able

to

do your

duty to men, how can you serve spiritual beings?

^ & ^^
village,

Koe heang beaou bo6 chey
koo dy hi:o"S

-Mr

Wjj^

U

bedou

hwuf'S bi chiy, to be removed from one's native
to an unlimited distance.
se.

See the

"K

=St

Hiiy

lun.

See the "S-

Taste.

Gnoe be

^

gi Tdng
M^j
the five tastes; a taste.

choo be

jf^ |jt^

Sam gwat

Distant,

indistinct;

also,

to

look
te sey

puttejeikbe^^7f;^|^p^,
«"a goit/h
jit

Beaou

lightly

on.

Be4ou hoe put

u""

cAae

MA

dy choo
taste

be,

for

three

months he did not know the
of Confucius,

of

flesh;

— Said
the

hwufS, u™ chae kabu
an unknown extent.

id

loh

wuy,

distant,

to

when he was trying
so

to

learn

music of Sun;

ardent was
it.

he

io

his desire to

get acquainted with

See the

J^ |^
to
rest.

Seang

lun.

Beaou * J'.J The

south-east corner of a hbu^e.

To

sleep,
=''«

to

retire

Gno

be
^''^

^^^

S ^ ^ 2'
hong.

*'*"-*»

Beaou

Clear, evident, manifest.

yed kiw
her.

e,

waking and sleeping he sought

See the

^u j^ Kok

Seuk

bin yea ^^ J^,

'^
to

^ ^,

chd tl Vht,
rise.

dm

ehiw k^hwUn.
the

Early

bed and early to

Beaou
See

^'ST
J

Dark, unfathomable.

|Jp |,g

Se keng.
riddle;

%

-,

Deep

and

distant.

Wily jejn j*
ch'him

A
Be
set

a dark
(jSj?

saying.
/^

Chd be
fl|,

kip

Beaou -''CS?
and
slill,

cheng, beaou jegn j6

bj
JL.

jin ch'hae

|j||^
to

chd be

hoe Idng

cKhai,

make

riddles,

and

deep

and

profound.

See

^

people to unravel them.

Chung-choo.

BEAOU
'^Jt^

Kt
Jp

BEEH
^'
beiou,
it is

Beaou

K'heng bcaoii
slight

^ ^,

khin beaou, to

^J
when
called

'^*'*«*

^V

'"»
is

"»o

« »a«"*'
to

and despise.
P'ho

kong

the grain

beginning

grow
Blind of one eye, dim-sighted.

be^ou.

Ong
ong

te
li

hoo

be&ou hoe

Beaou

l^ng

le,

beaou 16ng
*"^^

sc

Hj^

•j^S

|jr
YeSh
kens'.

^

J^ k\ dt At

Jp.,

ckae po cA'Ae a «",

does your Majesty

^} n^ II'

*'*"

^y

'''^"^•

know any
See

thing about the

young shooting corn?

ch'hai"S mai''S ly k'hiu"d, the lame can walk,

and the dim-sighted can

.sec.

See the

^ t^
bok

^ •^
lih

Beng choo.

Hay
p'hah
called

lap wat be4ou

;^ J^ PJ Wj
the

Aaj- t'hee''S

Beaou

#
Lefin
biiiy

kong

be&ou,

summer

hunt

is

The

furthest end
jflu

of any thing,
the

beiou.

beaou yk"
tree.

extremity of a

be4ou

sb^y boe
the

"jf-J^^^

"^'"^
the

Beaou

hohy am,

end of the year,

and

#
kong
kid

Wonderful, deep, mysterious, excellent;
also,

young.

Sin

hwa put

ch'htk
"'"

wQy che beaou £^ f^/
^^ P^^"
'"''''

^
un-

cloie of the season.

PI pH »C ^'
beaou.

^j'f"^S

ck'hek,.

Divine

-% H6 beaou

transft^pations,

Beaou

7^^ i>h, ch'heuk mat"S'

searchable in their nature, are called beauu.

the blade of corn.

B6

beiou

igfr

^y^

wonderful, minute.
very good; excellent:

Beaou slm

Beaou

-'V

mm

V.^T^

"^'"^

appearance of flying dragons.

Le«n beaou
young
in

^ ^i ^^

„eine koey k'hih ehei^e,

years.

Beaou

1,1^ A

little

child; also, to

be alarmed,

i'p
Beaou

and frightened.

Beaou

A^^>

Fine, minute, excellent.

Vulg: bci:

to

copy any thing by writoriginal,

Vulg;

beo:

a

temple,

a

place

of

ing over the

Be&ou joo

Beaou

ISII3

idolatrous worship.

Chong beaou
dy
bid,

Vra

to C^-, bedje,

copy or dccyphcr

^
K'hong-choo

^'
tae

'*'"^

ehong

an

characters; to trace writing.

ancestorial temple.
a

Vulg: neaou: a

cat,

common

cat.

jip

beaou,

biiey

soo

bOn

Beaou
"a
cat

Beaou^th'he t6ngje

|g

^

[pj

%,

neaou kap neaou cKlii tdng cheSh leng,

TL -f illfp\' IChong-choi jipttca bid, tak hang moot"^, Confucius entered
the great

AA

#$
-^

and a rat sucking the lame mother."

temple,

and

en<)nired

about every
ge.

thing he saw.
written

See the

tfi

Lun

— Also

This was a singular circurastapce, which occurred
in the Ilan^ -dynasty,

m

beaou.

»Dd was considered as a
'"

bad omen.

'—

'
'

"i

^52p^
BeSou

Road

beet,
Iftm

basket Work, wicker-work.

«

H6

beaou

^kj fij, po ch'he

a,

the

Beh

young

shoots of corn; a surname.

-^ "^i
Beet sek

j^>

Beet

^ g,

beih ni. a wicker
'!

basket.

''

""

Kok

che je seng, wat beftou

W^ "^

^ ^,

beih

ch'he'iih,

a rush iMt.

BEEN
7"
Been
To
avoid, to do without,
to

18

BE ^N E
To
be drowned,
fo

be overwhelmed.
e

%
p'hek

escape,

Been
soo
tint

But peen nae soo bin been

chew

to conclude.

Befin chit IW
office.

H|t,

to
u'" peen bing

be put out of

yiw

sod

kw"a kap p&yh

jai"S'

Y4ng-s6 cheflng Ch'hae-keng

yfiw,

be been pek

bHn

i

chiw,

why do you not enquire

into

yew teem
/fe'

^| B| g^

^ ^ ^- ^ ^
could
not

the officers'

and people's being drowned

in wine.

See the

1^ J^

J^^
in

re6"S.s6 Vhan CKhwk-keng yiw,

j^

^

Se5"g

se.

bey bein p'syh p'hek woo teim, Ye6"S-s6 following

Ch'hw4-keng
avoid the evil
i.

his

Been

peregrinations,

of the white gem being spotted,
not avoid
contamination.

P
^V^^

Distant; also, been seang
sgo^S",

i^ ^B

bein

to think.

e.

he

could
rib

See

Biien ke

j^

^^, a

sacrifice

offered

the

y?

Sdng-so6, History of the Song dynasty.

Been ^^^^^^

on

every

hirth-day

of

a deceased

relative:

read bin.

Been

^
J^
laSu chAy,

A

low wall to
;

protect

people

from

archery

also, invisible.

Been
The name of a
stream.

Been pe

Uw
Jjj^

suy, teaou chong I ha6

^ ^^
pay

^
make

Bok beSn
tree:

^ j^,
to

the silky

cotton

the

name of a

tree which has

flowers like cotton, and of which they

cloth.

Bok
k'M
the
tedou

beSn,

Kang-iam

yew che ;;^ ;j^
IB

)X

chong i hae, the flowing
to
their

j^
in

^

'^1

^5

'^'''"^

mSe^S,

Kang-lam chey
is

waters of

Be6n stream go
See the
/]>.

respects to the sea.

^

woo, of the silky cotton, there
Kang-lara.

an abundance

Seaou gn4y.

To

urge, to spur on,

to animate, to

BeSn hwa i|^
cotton.

^,

mei"S hwa, the cotton

tree;

Been
Sir!

exert.

Choo
li

pit

been che

-^

tyj^

^ -^,
To

tek k-hak teSh been ley e.
in
it.

Cotton; wool; also,

soft

and yielding^
also,

you must exert yourself

Been

also,

unbroken, uninterrupted;
continuous,
as

close and

weeds and

bring forth children, to bear young.

Been

Hwun

been

^

ffe to be delivered

creeping plants.

Be6n yang
a sheep.

of a child.

^ ^,
liiy

mei"S ye6"S, a wool goat,

The name of a

fish,

a kind of John

Befin been kat

|||:S

^ H^

intertwined

Been

and uninterrupted,
Dory.
plants.

like the tendrils of creeping

A
Been
e

crown, an Emperor's cap.

Ban kok
X)^ if^T

_,-m

Vulg:
down.

bin:

to sleep, to

rest,

to lie

kwan pae been 16w

ffi.

[^

Been

Hlt»
t||<'\^
gno bean

T'heen chok kim
le

p'he,

tey

chok cheen, gwat

seung g6 p'hwan

and coronets of all nations pai bein liw, the robes must pay reverence to the Emperor's crown.

^

f'^

f^ t- 1. i^
''A««"^

a Jm
tey

iS
cho

See the

^ fj T6ng

M # 5^ ^'

«W kimphdey,
iHng

.e.

cheeks tedou, go'iyk lie dy

g6 p'Ani"a

BEEN
gwd
A-'Ate^n,

19
Vulg:

BEET
mce^S;
flour

"the heaven forms my canopy, and the

made

of wheat:

earth

sleep by

of

my my side." A couplet made the RH Bfing dynasty, when,
commenced

carpet, while the

nymphs of the

moon

Been

been paou

5^

'p]
^ffi

bin paou, bread.

by the founder
in the

Been paou kan
A-tt>"a,

61

^,

bin

paou

utmost

biscuit.

poverty, he

his career.

E'beSn way he sen?

^kM M} ^ ^'
" to use

'''""

Been

H I

and
honors ).

Connected,
befin

uninterrupted.

L&n kwuy
'an

mee'^ cho Chaou
imtead of animals

iai"S,

wheaten flour

hong ffi

i^

H|s

y^j

hwa

in sacrifice."

This was done

kwAif

hwa

seo twd. p'hang,

"the l&n
fra-

by

^

cS? Bo6-tey,
compassion.

of the

W
~R

Leing dynasty,

flower and cassia blossoms are successively

out of

See

£

'^t

Hay

— grant;" (used with
Be6n tuy

respect to those

whose sons
literary

beng choo.

grandsons advance successively to

To

drink wine to excess.

^^

Vein

liiy,

a pair

of antithe-

tical sentences, generally

written on boards, and

stuck up on each side of a room.

\ulg: behh: wicker-work, basket-work,
bijet

l&m

^ ^^

be'ih

n£, a wicker

The covering

of a house.

basket.

Beet
The
caves of a roof.

M
©Is
-f'^
biet

Not, nothing, diminutive; to

slight.

Be£n

b4n

|gj

^^

the

noiw of a

Beet

Blac''

Wood.

bird: alsu^ cotton threads.

To
Vulg: H»; The
countenance.
l\i\ V.\i

exterminate,
to

to overthrow, to anfinish.

face, the front,

the
nihilate,

Jin sim J6 been
^^"^ ^^
"'"'

j^

®

'

'*'*"• cheo^S

^-y^
See the _JQ

extinguish,

Bi-et.

kok

chiJa

gn6e

s'ip

g jg j^ j£
fifty

kok goe chap, he overcame

states.

are like their faces i Idng ty bin, people's minds
i.

"^
flfl'

Seang beng.
beet

e.

varying.

Yung

yea,

kh6

so6 Iftm been

^ ®>
ffi

ytngyei, Chang tat e

^ {^ Pf binH
Idm,
all

Kr
'(^

tiii-m

6ng tcng,

hew bfng

ia 9k ^&
spol.<i

Yung
e. in

^M^
biet bd
fire-fly

''^^^

''^"'

^^ '"'^Vkim chhai"^
like a few

yew kSh

Atrui'"*, just

of

may be employed
ruling the people;

in facing the south* (i.

— because

all

rulers been Iftm

lamps, at one time extinguished, and then

Mtbln

"i Idm, face the south, and
*'" "^ ^''*'

bright again:
subjects

— Said
and

of composition which
in others clear.

is

in

been pak

M ft>
To
turn

some
*""=* *••*

parts dark

nortt).

Beet kew chok

|^

the

back on.

Been kwuy
''"

to exterminate all

te'el kdou dy j[^ f^, a man's nine relations.

ch'ok

Been

/^mj I M*|
ed customs.

P"^y

''^

ffi

^ ft ^'

"''^

kwut/ ki, to act contrary to establish-

Beet

To

exterminate.

BEK
Ig:
Atf^^/A;

20

BEK

IJeet

^!S

stockings; ch'hwan beet
bdhyh,
to

^

:,

cKh^ng

wear

Bek

stockinsfs

% t
See the

The covering of

a carriage;

bek

has the same meaning.

TV
liek

Bek

^

To
[}g^
ch'hdyi

plaister:

hw"a,

the

bek kwan keung
*""** ^* *"""" *"?

sit

]§,

Bek
sit,

elevated paths between the rice

fields.

g

HJE J

keung

mTi-an Seang-yin^
Rfl Im
yftng

k'hae ch'heen bek

^1

^
Bek

to plaister the school

and home.

m'
(of

^^""S-y^^Sf^'h^uy cKh&n hw"a, Seang-

^

j||

Cho twin.

the

^^

Chin dynasty) recommended

the enlarging of the paths between the rice fields.

The name of an

insect.

See the

|p^

^ |^
bek
bek.

Cheen kok chhek.

Hijet

.[ilL

Bek
Heet bek

^,
J^

hdei/h

mai"h,
written

the

Bek

^^^
fc:l
ch^n koiy
in a

Sim bek

iip

W^

stm cVhiiey,

to seek

pulse, the arteries

Also

for any thing.

l^f

Seep chew k'hong, j«

bek lo5

1^^

f^'^MM ^' «*
loe,

^J^ jg, hoii/h mar'h kwdn t'hong, the blood of the arteries runs

kwan

t'hong

^

cMy

j& cKhoey

he crossed the water
Said of

boat, and sought out for the road.
^*''" ^"""'^y'"

through the whole frame.

W 5^ ^
Bek r^laf A

his

wanderings.

Bek

Bek

kfi

J^ a^j

a double surname.

white tiger.

The

barbarians of the north.
«

Bek

Bek p'hek

Suy ban
|(J

^k

|]jg,

secret,

close.

Bek

bek che pang, heng

g^ ^f
^""
*^''

;^

^" 1T
kok, yea ke"&,

/f^ ^"^

•'^^"

^^ p""^

even

among

the most

barbarous
safely

Bek

>

Shallow water.

nations, (if
HirSVel.'

we

possess sincerity),

we may

See the

TT

=i^

Hay

lun.

%^A—^^

A

veil,

a covering for the eyes.

Bek
^^

Small rain; ek che e bek; iok

Bek

^ "^
hoe,

yj9^ 1^^ "^

bok

yDng choo

(g | f|
oe
ay,

|«j,

bin ay kin

yung

the veil that

gi3.
_/>|^^
rain.

j,^ added to which there was a drizzling
/]>

^ ^'

t'l'^^^

Che e ,iy

covers the eyes should be black.

See the

'^

jjjS

See the

^

Seaou gnay.

Bek

A

cloth used for

covering over food.

Bek

The same

the

preceding.

To

cover over any thing* one of the
,

Bek
radicals.

Bek

An

excellent horse; to jurpasi.

^"*4%i^

BENG
Bek
Small threads of
silk.

it
O

biSng
Cheng geSm « b6ng hoe

^Vulg; bak: ink bek te&ou
;

^
^e
IMtj
JaA^

^"^^j^^
tyrannical

ehdng k'hih geim i bing hot,
is

government

severer than a fierce tiger.

1T^^%
"
I

/f<Jou,

a stick of ink,

commanly

railed

^

Indian ink; bek sdy

^ ^C

Beng
chdi/,

A

small kind of boat.

bak

liquid ink.

Bfln

bek

che pody

5^ fB 1^ li^

**^''

''''''

^S'

Mng-, the literati.

Ben
|B^

B^ng teng

^ QT
"^
jl^^

very drunk.

Heung bo6 pwan

tefim bek

heng k'hdm bd pui"i leim iy bak
breast there
is.

^ ^ ^ "on ^^
chii)/,

his.

not half a dot of

ink>" — (enti-

Fine

tea,

plucked late from the
fine

tree;.

Beng

mating an entire want of liarning).
Silent,

bfng g4m

tea.

to meditate,

to

refraia

from

speaking.

Bek bek put gSn

ll^^ V.
B^k
ti

^ ='^
f he

^^
silent,

Ben:

Good,

fine.

teim teim b6 kdng wS,

Tfithout speaking.

je che
e,

§^

j|yj

^ ^^

A
tiim teim ji ka

vessel
sat,

for

containing

aay

thing,

bat

to meditate silently and gain a

Beng VI yj^

Seng

k'he bing, e hok, put pe,

knowledge

of a thing.

See the

JQ g^

Seang

iQn.

putkam«ch6y :}i^.|^jnL.;(fe
bing, gin cheS'S,
bd

'

^'%

rt

Vulg:

bit/h:

wheat: tae bek

Bek

^5^^
^^%
Kim hoo

'«'» ^^J'*' barley.

Hwan bek

hwan b&yh, Indian corn.
bofi

bek,

po che6ng jS yew che

^^ ^
Beni

-Jc

^,

cheAou pi, fi" k^d i chiy,

when

the sacrificial animals, the vessels, and the

apparel,

were not ready
See the

prepared,
I-*

he did not

dare to sacrifice.

"^

Seang beng.

i^mW"^
bkj/hy l/ei

iiE

iM li
is

z>
now

'"- *""' '^^
with, respect

chi ji k'haou ch'hdou,

to the wheat,

when

it

sown and harrowed, &c.

See the ~f>

3r

May

beng.

B6ng

m
oe

Clear,

bright;

to illustrate,

to

illu-

mine^ to display, to distinguish; b£ng
pe''

B^

0J

*o

understand clearly.

bfinj

chae seang, hek hek chae hay

HH
ting

Bek

A

veil for the head.

Rfl '(E
bin,

J:. im

Il
te

^ :^
tit/,

1^

>

"("g kwui"S

tt

By

clear

and bright above,

dark and dreary below. See the ^JT

^

Tae gnay.

B6ng

gwk

seflng

kan cheiou

fl^

Bek

A

^

j^ p^
moon

cloth

for

wrapping up any thing.

nu

bing goiyh leiing kan chid, the clear

shining

among

the

firs.

Bold,

fierce,

ferocious,

courageous,

Beng

strong, daring-.

Yiing bdng

^ ^,

B6ng

strong and ferocious.

m

To

survey,

to

behold: a surname.

B^NG
Dark and

S2

BENG
tok woo

Ben
bfing,

dreary.

Also written
cKh'ea,
tin

ae

dim, obscure.

bing bSng,

nothing was

seen of the great chariot, but a cloud of dust, dark

Blind, the pupil of the eye destroyed.

and impenetrable.

See the /V\
)i(,

^pft

Seaou gnay.

Bgn
K'hae

Bok

ligng

S ^
||

,

bak chew ch'hai"^

mail's, the eyes blinded.

kong kap "pH BJ^ hoe, oe oe dm dm, with the storm of wind and
rain,
it

Hong

6

hoey b6ng

^^

bSng jin bok
&]/

W A S'
JIIL

was dark and dismal.

k'hwuy
the

cWhai"S mai"S ling
eyes of the blind.

bak chew,

to open

Small rain

;

also, the sea.

Bit k bSng

Beng
Ch'hap heet
J^,
bfing

"y

bok

^k^^
Beng

An
6

^
the
gfi

pj^

oath, a conspiracy.

H/^
•JJ™^

keet

|jc

j^
to

^,

'^ bok, ^ Pok b6ng yew
hi,

^^ ^"^ **"S" i^^j close raih drizzled down.

^

*"'

^[^

j^ :^ ^^, pak hoi voo

cKhap

hoiyh i kat

bing,

smear

in

the northern sea there are fishes.

with blood, in order to bind with an oath.

Hwan-kong yew gnoe
;ife"

bfing

che

kim

^ ^ ^j
ffil

|g /^
b&ng

Bgn

A

name ; dark.

Bts-'^n-kong woo goe
five

Ay kim,

Hwin-kong bad
on oath.

things which he

interdicted

To
Bfing

open the eyes without seeing any
dimness of sight;
closing the

To
Ben;

sprout out, to shoot forth.

Beng
Ke
sd

light:

g|,y

^ ^,
in

paonk

ei^S,

to

bud.
-ff^

eyes in death.

Ch'hun

se seng, j6 bfing

che

^

bSng beng

jt

jjj^

gg ^^,

e

k'hwH

ch'hai"^ mai"^,

he looked dimly.

Kara
ji paoUh k'hi
lai,

the spring

they begin to

grow, and bud forth.

kam tint , bSng bok "H* \\\ H§| bak chew, he contentedly closed his eyes l^hSyh
sira

H

in

death.

Bgng

^
B6ng
me"d,
e i

Vulg:

me"d: a name, a designation,

fame: bfing seng
reputation.

j^

^^

me"d

se^a,

BSng
^1

beng che
ked
e,

^
to

^

"^s

>">« « cAJ7

%
ke.

give a person a name, in

^

B^ng keep
keep
plant,

ch'ho
a

^ ^ ^,
kind
of
till

bing

ch'hdou,

sensitive

which was said to put forth
day of the moon, and
to

a leaf on

the

first

order to call him by.

See the

jp®

|^

Ley

continue producing
at which time

one leaf a day

the full;
till

^^ %^ To
Benff
rnTJ^'-i.

remember,

to record

the

merits

the leaves began to

fall,

by

the end of the
deceased.
b&ng,

moon

°^ * person

they were

all

gone.

Spoken

Teng leng
of in the
a

^^k\*
tripod.

^

|g,

l-^d

sculptured

^
up

Kong kam.
of an insect, that lends
to another, to be
its

The name

Beng seng

^ 1^,
mai"S

a flag recording the merits

Beng

chrysalis

brought

of deceased persons.

^
bdng
the

as its

own.

Dark, dismal:

hwun

Beng

hwufS,

evening.

^ Boo ^^

B6ngl6ng yew choo

|^

^ ^ -^'
its

bing-ling
chrysalis,"

woo ke"d, "the beng-lgng insect has
which
is

ttn beng bfing cheang tae ke, wiiy

stolen by another.

BENG
BSng A
flying iDsect, that stings

23'

BENG

^ ^]
people.

fi

,

fhuf^S

beng

ling

Ay Idng

ch'hut
'

mooi"^,

the bearer of the message went out at

Jfe^
p f - A kind of dart BSnff Cy J-lIi Han-Kong-ho6
_

the door.

See the 'T^

gffl

Hay

lun.

or

T'heen beng yew chae,
sharp

kfi

wQy Chew-Bfln-6ng
e chd cKhin

weapon.

chok

hwuy

bSng
t'hee''S

^JJKJjV^

#•

^ ^ 7^ ^ 1 W
The

kong ch'hek

bS chek

^ ;^ ^
chok
the

iy beng woo

te

tit,

ch'eo^^

Chew-Blin-Sng hoS,
fixed,
let

"The
as

decree of heaven being

ffl''-^'"'S-'>o6

him

Ao

hwuy

bing kong ch'hek bt dy cKhat,

Emperor
dynasty."

Ban-6ng

of the

Chew

Kong-boo of the Han dynasty made a kind of
flying dart, to oppose the red

Said by Chd-ch'h6

'^
title

^,

when he

eye-browed robbers.
or any
cry or

wanted his son to assume the
See the

of Emperor.

^^

Sara kok.

cry

of a bird,
the crowing

S6 wQn put ch6y, beng tog to ch'hwan ^5:

^
way

Beng J7

noise;

of a cock, or

;X

V^\y
or
htuii,

ringing of a bell, or any other kind
tAn,

^.

A. 5^ :^ M.,
seasons
full
is

tt

wun

u"' chiy chwui"S,

m'e^a

toi

chiy ch'hwan ch'hok, the revolution of

of sound; vulg:
to

to ring, or
call.
fi

I'ht,

to crow,

times and

not equal,

and

the

cry or

of fate

is

of errors.

Said by

^p
;

Key

bfiiig

ko6 hwuy bun
^SfJ'

teung kok
''*^ *'''°"

*a PB
^""^
'"

Ong-put-hae.

f Pj
and
all

P/C

Pi

4"

S^

^""-^

The beginning of any

thing

applied

Ch'e^a 6 t'hong teung kok, the

crowing of cocks,

Bene "'^I^

''"^

beginning of the four quarters

barking

of dogs,

were heard
(i. e.

throughout
See

JDlCL
Sod
s6

of the year: also, a surname.

the middle country

China).

^g[

kae
,

jiw

beng gwkt

^¥-

Beng cho6.
lefin

£
bSng chck kcng
jln
*"

H

^ R^ "^ /^
.ffl-

»d «^ chd

pot tcoo bing goiyh, the four

Sam

put b€ng,

^^
""''

^^
in

ll. Blfi'J

1 A'
it

seasons,

have each their commencing months.

•""

-^"^

Beng bo6 sam ch'heen kaou cho6 3:

tin chew hoe Idng ke^a,

did not sound once
it

three

years,

but

when

did

sound,

it

^^

3-j Bing-choi dy ne6"S Uy
bolyh ki e dy ke^d,

t"a

kwUy

ptc"a ch'hod

the mother of
in order

alarmed people.

Mencius thrice removed her dwelling,
to instruct her son.

A

beam, a

rafter.

Beng
Clear,
fine
rice.

m
to

u V*.^

Any

thing wished, or desired: a sur-

Beng
The
pith of a
tree*, alio,

^JJ4*
the

^
dy

A

surname
to,
fjlj

:

Beiig-bo6-cho6, pang

yew

chek

t^

^ p^ :f ^ ^ it
tcoo

TQ

Beng-boochoo, pan^ kok

name

it cheet, chek ti,

Beng-ho6'Cho6,

when a

of a tree.

country possessed the right way, displayed wisdom.

See the J^,

^

Chc5"g

lun.

A

command, a decree, the decree of

heaven; fate; to order, to command.
Chiiang beng che& ch'hut
hoii

^ '^

Beng

To

open one's' eye>t also, dark.

BEY
Sorrowful.

34
e 6 hoey, ek

BIN
chat iy
the

Put

bo6 beng

kw^a fhe^a Idng biy

bey, i chitpai^S che^h,

under governor attended to people's buying
selling, in

Beng^^k
li,

b6 hoe

gwi, chb hoiy beng yea b6 hwdn
to a share

and

order to promote equity.

See the

if

you

do not admit nie

of the
^

confederacy, 1 shall not be grieved.

See the

/p

Cho twan.
Read beiou

To

be deceived,

to to

err,

to wander

;

bey loe
:

^ ^^
w4n
way.

go the wrong way,
biy

to

transcribe, to

copy

;

Bfiy toe he

^ ^ ^ jg^
Said by
Ritl ^E-3

Be6

to trace writbeftou joo jHi ix^, bedje,
ing.

Ay

loe

boey woo hed
far out of the

hwui^,

we have not yet

wandered
Beftoa sea put chin
to copy
jffi

BH

^ W
^f^
:

bed

t'ei

u"* ehin,

To-yeen-b6ng.

incorrectly.

Read beaou

a temple

:

Tae-pek-kong
Twa-ptiyh-kong

Bey

Bed
•'

beaou -ir
bed,

f^

^ I^
;

^
vate

The
k6w

sleeve of

a coal,

a cuff.

Sect

te4ng, twan yew bey

^^^
'e^'ft

3S /0 ^>

*"* ^"^'^^ ^y '""

'^"*".

an idol temple

the temple of the

cKhbng tiy che"d ch'hiw dy ch'hiw
dress was long,

wufS,

his pri-

with

old great uncle."
Iot

the right hand sleeve

Chong beaou che soo ^iy
too,

short. Said of Confucius, in tbe

7'

SS.

chong beo

J^Im
to

Cheo"?

iQn.

the business

of the ancestorial temple.

Read

mae:
to

to

sell,

dispose

of.

k;^

Intertwined,

twisted,

plaited together.

Bey
in

»|^t^

Mae
to,

ma6 tok

^^ ^^
d,

bey

Tfiw bfiw y6w hoe

^^

^
the

)Jl

^
Rfl

-^

k'hi biy god

to sell a knife,

tiw biw t'hang moi"^,

"to

order to buy a heifer.

twist straw

about the windows and doors,"

— said of the birds
See

To

urge, to strive, to exert one's-self.
bijen cheflng soo

who thus form

their

nests.

[^

Bin

Bin

9B tp ift sS,

Kok

hong.

to exert one's self in a person's service.

Erroneous, confused

:

ho

e

ch'hok

bew

Clever, diligent, intelligent.

Gno suy

Bew
how
is it

Che ch'hoo

fpj

]^ |§

HM

Bin
ilb
bin,

put bin, ch'heng se4ng se che

4^
am

Sft

an chw^d ch'ho bew kaou an niy sai"^,

^
cVKe^d bang
*^«

tjC.

PR

'1'

^ ^'
*'»

«'"'"

*"^ *^*

become

wrong and

confused to so

ch'hi k'hw"d,

although

1

not

great a degree?

Said by

^^^
erroneous,
16,

clever, yet I request the trial

to be made.

See

E-teng-kok.

Bew ^^J^

cKhai/ goe dy h6

w
^^jont

Jb ;^ Seang

beng.

Wrong,

false,

wandering.
ch'heen 16

Bin j6 h"6 hak

^ ^ ^f'^^

'^^ «*

''*«*

Ch'ha che ho

bew

e

^^
li,

ch'hdyh, intelligent and fond of learning.

'^ W.

W

=X"

^
lb,

ey bew kabu che^d cKheng

Bin

To

force one's-self to any thing, against

a

difiFerence

of only a hair's breath will afterwards

the will and power.

lead to an error of a thousand furlongs.

A
Seaou
ch6y
Confucius).

surname:

Bin-cho6 se ch'hek
^'"'^'"'^ *'*«" ^

Read mad:

to buy, to purchase.

Bin

Bdy

cha6

t'h6ng

mae mae,

6

chit

Pe<^. "?" i^ l&'L Bin-choo was standing by the side (of
See the

""

1^

"K

|^

Hay

lun.

BIN
To be Bin
silently grieved,

25
to be displeased

BIT
The name of a
hill.

Bin san to Kang
Bin sw^a e»'Mta
hill

IS
bey bin,
grieved.

and sorrowful.
Pjfi

Ek

keiing j6 put bin
^-^^ *"''

Bin

H M ^ f^'
J^

"^"^•'^

m.
Jp A^

^^

^i)

^ ji,

te

Kang

chtiy,

from the Bin
of

he led

in affliction

and poverty, and yet not

the waters of the

Kang:" — Said

See the

^

^

E",

who

Seang beng.
to

*^ *"?• 'egulated the waters.

Bin

^k f I^QP^
i \y^^
I

To

be sorrowful,

lament, to pity.

G6e

tae je choo bin e

S^^

A
Bin

fine

kind of stone.

Bin geuk put pcen
cAe<JA

JJ.
Id,

Jg 5E
stones and gems.

/f^

1^

jfe

gwd CMy

It

no ling h^dn

^

,

kap ge!ik bi

am

distressed for both of you.

See the

^^
Bin

hwun pein, not distinguishing between

Cho twin.

To

be annihilated,

to be

thrown into

The same

confusion.

Bin & tae bin Iwln
pitj/h soffi' iff e

EP

as the foregoing.

J^,
Sickness,

4^
Iman,
the

9ff SI

IHn tud bin

moral

relations

of

the

people

were

a

disease

i

to

gno koe bin

thrown into the greatest confusion. See the

ra ^^

Bin
Jt'Ate"i

Seo"g

se.

pai"S,

many came

to visit ine

A

in

disapproving name,

or codemnatory
after their

my

sickness.

Sec the

^ ^ Tae

gniy.

epithet, given to

some kings

death.

Such

as

^ ^ J Chew-Binduke
of
the

Bin

and ong, the confused king of Chew, TJ^yg^/iiV

V> IM^

To

constrain onc's-self.

Song-Bin-kong,
country.

the

stupid

Song

A
Bin

thread, a string: the string on which

small coins are strung.

Also written

Bin

1^1 I

To

rub, to scrape, to brush) a

brush.
Kfi

j^
tcaou
wfly

bin.
hfl,

wfly
'

»e

e

tin

The

people

;

the

common

^.
people
;

te

se

kap tK^h,
silk

IF U M- "what

^^^
'»*

"'

'^

l?!,

^""^ '"'"^^f""^

did he use in angling?

nothing
hong.

Bin

CCl
•S

•>'"

^ P^,
Ifing

*" *"'' ""* people.

Bin

but

and thread."

Sec the

bo6

bfing yi-en

^ |j
all

fj^

;^

pat/h iai"S b6 chit

Ug me"d Chang

ked,

" the

^
Bin

^ J^

Kok

been: the face, the countenance;
a surface
s

name by which they could designate people had no
himi"
Said of Sun,

to face, to front.

Jc bod

who was above

prai?e.

®Rcad

biii'n chi-iirij;,

t'hocy

yew hoc g4n

Bin Cheng tae k'ho keen e
piyh
tai''^

^

ffl

;^

^ U, ^,
k'htcni,

®

tit-

?&

^ t^ f,
ira,

^
^E

« ""

'"*^"f *'" '*'»''

dy ting cMng Iwa t'hang

the

kaou (hiy ch'hed woo aou

you must not merely
and
then on
retiring
jfpfl

the people could be extensively seen. dispositions of

comply before
bring up some

one's
after

face,

See the "i*

^

Ko6

bQn.
people, the horde.

words.

See the

Seong

sc.

Bin

are stupid as grub?.

m

The common

Btn

Che ch'he ch'he

t^-^^^, ptyh
the

^»^
Bit

To

rest, to

be silent
a

:

a surname:
fanfovs,iit the

Chin.

sol"? gong gong,

common horde
19 Kok bong.

See the

^

kJ^-w

bit

-^

Jh,

man

Sam>,

_^^*

kok.

V"*'vj

BO

26

BOE
B6
B6 bo
mother.
J

Bit

^
^
%as honey.

A

kind of grass.

a

common

appellation for

Honey
honey

:

bit

hong

5^ ^«
ched"S

bit

p'hang, a

1

1

->

Vulg ne6"S Uy: mother ; hoo bo
:

'!^?

B",

Bit

bee.

K6

kara j6 bit [Ml "fr "bU
bit,

B6

^^ H Ice"^ clChin
Silent whispers
;

T|5J*

as sweet

^
i

P^y

*"'

f^*''^''

^"^ mother.
'["^

Wfly

I'heen

t5y bin but hoo bo

7C [^
all

^

ij^

y^ -^j wAy
quiet, peaceful.

Cheeks tey chd ban me6"h Ay pay bo.
things.

Y^

Loey
lae

Heaven and earth are the parents of
the

See

Bit

S^itJ^
\*jiii^
and quiet.

goey chek
chek
bit,

gwH |^^ ^f^ within and without, peaceful

bit

^

^
se.

^
r

m

Siio"g

se.

See the

\ffi

Han

>
S6
•jl

Read bo6:
JiTS

not, not at all.
b6

Bo6 put keng

Bit

^
ppj.

Vulg:
tired.

bat: secret, close, concealed, re-

^ ^ '^,
pect.

u"

keng, unfailing res-

Ch6ng

k'he bit bit

^
Bit yin put
e,

^ M
-;k

T'heen hay bod put

se che

hoo bo

k'h&"S k'he bat bat, secretly hidden.

choo gno sey kaou 5fe
bat

1^

^ ro ^^

^^
choo

^ -^ -^ ^
" under the
parents;"

^

"TC

4S

fhee^S ay b6 u"* teSh Ay pay io, -Q:^ whole Heavens there are no faiulty
that

hwAn u™

loh hoe,
ratin,

— meaning
A cap,

children

should

never

gwdn

sae kaou,

close clouds without

coming

suppose their parents to be in the

wrong.

from our western border. See the

^ i©

Y'ekh keng.

Bit

Dusty and muddy
den.

;

also,

deep and hid-

Ipjl 'Ef

a hat: Pok-tac-hoe e bo se t'hgy

Ban-tey

^C 'm
BAn-tiy,
the

Pok-tae-hoe Cho chit liy bo se hoe

^kJ^m^t^
Pok took
the

great
it

Empress

a

silken

Fragrant

wood

;

a name for

cassia

;

cap, and gave

to (her son)

Emperor Bun.
chAy
bo,

Bit

cinnamon. Kaou-chew yew

bit htiang se

A
mod
bit

mill.

Suy bo

J^

Bffi

a water

mill.

heo"^ ch'hew,

in

Ihe

district
bit tree,

of Kaou-

J6 g6 swftn bo

^n

^
to

j6^

^^
The

chew, there exists the fragrant
che
tira

— chek

kim
chek

ch'hin cheats hea

heang yea
kim &y
tint

pH

^ >^
which

i'jC
is

^^ W,
the

"like an ant going round Chinese say,
mill-stone
in

pwan swdn te bo a mill stone."

cheish,

that

an ant
opposite

»e tong

h'eo"^,

cinnamon

always travels
direction

round a
that
in

an
is

of the present day.

which the stone
cients

turned

;

from

which

the

an-

obtained

their

ideas of

the motion of the

Bit

To

urge, to exert one's-self.

heavenly bodies.

See the

^ "^ jg

Theenbfln che.

The thumb;

tae bo ch6

Bo
fo bo,

-^

m%

An
twa

acre

:

teSn boe

ffj,

cKhdn

boi,

the great thumb.

^^

an acre of ground.
t'hek,

Gnoe boe che

se che e song

5.

M
B6
The
great toe.
let

y^

W ^,
tree.

^ >2 ^

S'^ *"* ^^ fhiyh, ching e 6 se^,
acres be

every

plot of five

planted with the
Ched''S beng.

mulberry

See the

J^,

^

BOE
^

37

BOlS

Boe

ffOFv

T*i^ **'"^

^''fi

To
preceding.'

siheme, to contrive, to plan a plan, a sheme. put

;

key

bo6 =4* ^M,
jIn bo6,
jfi

WQy
J\^
"""
'"^

teung

hoe

The mal6 of domestic

animals;

the

Boe '^I'T*

name of a

flo*er.

Bo6-tan,

hwa
we

ffO

^
e,

^

.S^

f"'

"'"^ '""^ '"" "^^'^'

teung hoe,

in

consulting people's

interests,

are

che hoo kwiiy chei yea {H; JH- ;tt

"^"M ^ ^ ^>
poo
Acu<u^

unfaithful?

See the _£_

*"'^"'''"

**
is

'"""

^•J'

''^''^''

Bo6 chong chek cheflng
chew thdn
tt.

£y,

the

Moutan

the

richest

and

^
is

Jm Seang lun. ^^ g|j it^, boi
good,

ho

if

the

plan

then follow

noblest of flowers.

See the

-^

^

Tae gnay.
S jin,

An

old

woman:

t'heen boe
bo6 tw"a,

«an
the

^
BoS

Boe

Aj^ ijj,
of a
bill.

Vhee^

name

Boe

#
boe yB4
»g

\u]g:

tieS"^

Uy. a mother: bo6 cho6
mother and
yea,
child.

•W

•^.,

boi ke"d,

K'hiiSn go6

hoo

kTiwun
}j^,

goS

^^^
our
father,

^^. ;J^

^^
is

vhe<^S

gmdn ay nei"^
is

pay, ley te

gwdn &y

ned''S

Uy,

Bog

heaven

and the earth

our mother.

See the

g^
An
^°^
law.

Sey b«ng.
an uncle's wife: gak.
'^'"'

# 4
t'hee"S

Even,
&

equal

to,

alike.

K'hfi

boe 6 t'heen
|B^'

i^
6

A

fffl

#
kap

jv ^^,
iwa,

k'hdh

taa

Idng, j6

pafS

greater than men,

and equal

to

heaven.

Bot n€
also, to
bull.

£^

J^j a name of Buddha:
to

take,

win? the noise of a
sira,

Seang kan cboo

hay bo6
i(4^
'*"ff

yek seng
bin kan

_h "f
lal'^S,

^

t^J.

h

kiw eho6 kong Ay
above

T -^ W Hm
kv/'a,

ay

-,

inslrnctress)

Uy

boi

Boe

*itSt
^^^
dy boi

^ ^'
common

''""^

" """>"-'"-

eh'ht pityh

he >ougbt

to

win the

heart

Seuk hoe pek che cVhej wfly

of the chief,

and

belaw to captivate the
See
the |uc

affections-

of the people.

^
a,

^^

Cheen kok ch'hek.
conversation we call an

te d"',

in

uncle's wife,

aunt>

Buk bog
one, such an one, a certain person.
wat, boe chae soo, bo6 lir-

B
fi

H£^
bofi

bak

ang

the

Boe

„ ^k '^ Wi'
this
is

*

Any

BoS

Cho6 ko che
^'"•^ *°°

^_
of his

" Confucius

^ -^ 2113- ^ ^
informed
is

a#
^ H M.
f^hih ho 6
in

pupil of the eye.

Chfin hoe jin chea,

bok

leing

cho6

H^

^\
than

him saying,

'"* ^ "'*' **' >5^ i^ bak ang i, (to know) what is retained

?'

'**•

such an one, and that
introducing
his

such an onei"
to a blind

a man's mind,

there

is

no

better sign

laid

friends

the pupil of the eye.

See the ~f\

^ Hay

beog.

man who waited on him. The same

See the ~F» iSj
preceding

Hay

iQn.

Boe

as the

;

also,

one

I^JI

^

i*

Kwuy bog

'^\

]^,

a pattern, a rule,

BoS

of the radicals.

^%fcy

a manner, a plan.

Sew chwSn bo6

6

Ijf^
the

cho6ch'hean<r^^;|-^^;^^,

Rang bo6

Boe

^ |^j
of

name of a

tree,

sew chwui"S hd iy kwuy boi i bak ch'heo"^, " to
receive a complete plan from the head carpenter;"—

the

wood

which yields excellent

potash.

»n eapressioa of

y^ §.

Ch6-9oo.

BOE
;

A

28
was a
very ugly
;

BOE

Bog-boe

B OC

^a

-ffl-

'#'1^9

woman,
hence

the wife of

^^

H6ng-tey

it

has become a bye-word for

Boe

iny

ugly female.

Vulg: mSh:

the thin

skin under

the

day

^
I

One of
lucky,

the

horary characters; al»o,

|>

fortunate.

Kit

j'it

wOy boe

is

called

boe.

Bofi

outer skin: the epidermis.
te

Te

jeuk,
yj^
'^'"

>

-

y^

To

praise,

to admire; also, to urge,

kg kin boa,

ch'he h"6 chiia

1^i

^ ^ 1 )i- HX
CMj/h ho
dj/,
it.

Be oe -^^^1^
i

to exert,

t

boe nag
16 It

*«•'

^,
in

^'^'^^"^

"'^'^

\^
virtue.

"f*
I

J^ 7^
applaud

^,

e^<i

iy

tek,

ay kon mih,

preparing meat,

your

take away the tendons and inner skin, and select
the best of

See the

S 3^
feel,

J6 gn4y.

Boe
:&£

/wv/^

Niggardly, parsimonious

% % f-

Vulg: bong: to
hand.

to touch with the

Boe

Jt^f
'J.^r^.
that

-Am bo6 ho6
bo loe,

loe
it

fl^
is

^
so

R&^ am bong
feel

dark

Boe

^X&

To

call,

to

summons.

we cannot

our way.

A
Bog
To
feel: the

tent, a curtain:

wOy boe
wHy

che teung

same as the preceding.

Boe

HI
To

^^

fJ3,

boe iy tang

e^,

within the tent,

— in

the tented field.

To

BoS

r
gain
boi, I

scheme, to plan

:

the saine as
think of, to long after, to desire:

bog.

Gwan

Seen-seng h6ng ch'hoo

wanbog|||^^fi,lH^^=^,
5/n-saj"S' ch'hong k'hah twa
chii/

Boe

a surname: win boe
after.

^B.^^

to fret

Uy

hwui'^S
distant

beseech you. Sir,

to -enlarge this
se.

Jin seaou chek boe hoo bog

A /y
their

Slj^^^C
See

plan.

See the

!& Han

fJT) Idng siy chew boe leem pay boi,
are

when peopl«
pareuts.

young they long
Beng-choo

after
se.

Bog

Tlie back; the flesh of the back.

Tam

bog

Boe

^ ^,
place.

quiet and

still:

the

^ -^ ^^ ii ^ ^t'hee''S

Yit kok che sgy boe, t'heen hay boe che
5"^

~F
e,

^ ^'
is
-

'^'"'

*"* ^^ **^ ***'

name of a
bog
Che

Pok hong yew

ay boe

he that
desired

desired by a whole

Sa-

country,

will be

by the whole Empire.

i^y^ij^l']?'^Z
tey^ in the

Boe-vfln?

-^ ^5

a double surname.

J^^ pdk
region
is

he^S woo Swa-boi &y

northern

the desert of Sha-mCh.

Hwfln boe JS"

M. hwHn

bong, a grave,
"jg"

Boe
An
insect

a tomb.

Koe put sew boe
koi iy ling b6
sevo

X\

that

eats

the

roots

of fj^

Bog
grain.

is J
^^-

ching bong,

the ancients did not ornament their tombs.

See

A
Boe
wheat.

large kind

of wheat: g gno lag bog
^•^^

En
See the

^ ^^ ^'
he presented
/j-,

»l
u™

E
se

^^^

*^"^

^'"^ '"^

^^

'"'^

Ek

boe hwuy koe yea
koi
chd

^ ^ 3p
Iky, to

"A"

^,

«'"^

biiyh,

me

with some large

bong
is

ay

remove a tomb

^

Seiou gnay.

not according to the practice of the ancients.

BOEY
The
evening, dark,

99
dusk
r.

BO^Y
So hSy,
lie

teaou boe
Jit

hgy, lew Ig che cho^
*^* *^*'

Boe
^

i morning and evening.
ch'hwa hwun koe
jit

boe

Q

am

p'hih

mal^

^

'^^ ]%

|j| if:

^,

^ ^ ?'.
hong.

J^ '^ S*^*'
Z^-"

*"^*

«

Ay Ae
like a

a,

diminished and reduced to extremities,

hwid"S koi^ at the decline of

vagabond and abandoned person.

See the

day, beat the evening drum.
Baoiih: to exchange,-

(^ )§ Kok
to
barter,,

Vulg.

Boe

fo trade; boe ek

"g ^j ,
&y

trade,,

com-

merce.

Boe
woo

ch'heen
bS

y6w hod

^
the

^^
See

Body

fflf.,

boe ch'heen

mei'^h, to

exchange
not.

#
I

Redd beaou:
of any thing.

the

end

or

^

extremity

Siiey

bwat wat beaou
'><'^H

M ^ H '^,
is

"^^"^

''""S

biiii/.

what we have, for that which we have
J||T

the end of the year

called

biHj/..

Bik

g;

Seang

se.

sey che,

wQy

che beaou
l^^^

S^

^j^

lu ;^

Luxuriant, abundant; boe seng

"^

Boe

^
Bogy

7^^

ch'hSw

bakig
a.

oiy ke king keb

liiiii/,

the small

branches, of

n.
fir

luxuriant foliage.
''"^

36 sedng pek che
'^^^" "^'"^

tree are called

biiijf.

^p

\'^

\^

^ M'
;

ch'hing p&j/h dy boe, like the
tree..

luxuriance of the

Btiey

^fTir^

^^
'\k

Every, each,

all

bo6y bo6y

&^
-^ A
I'oe

J^,

w
na

Vulg:

U"":

A prune,

a plum: a surname.

Jeak chok

h6 keng, je wOy ye&m

biiiyh chd teaou hd
if

ig kai'^.
to

It

thang cho e
broth,
to a

constantly, frequently.

Bciey jjn j6

iy see"S a'" d,"

we want

make a mixed

wat che,

jit

ek put cheuk i

you ran be the
clever
state.

salted prunes in
services-

it."— Said
to

M

2.
hi,

B '^^^^^%
Jit

*«* "^"S

man, whose
See the

were valuabJe
,e.

the

f\hw"a
please

bi Iciou yed,

if

you wanted

to

every

body, the day would not be long

^^
fiesh

5^"^

enough.

See

7:jp
pfing

Beng choo.

Bo^y y^w
woo
h6

leftng

^^ g
man.
defile;

^|j,

I'^k

pai

Biiey

The

of the

bacfc..

p(ng,

constantly
/j^

meeting with a good

friend.

See the

Biiey jit

^^
"-y

^

Seiou gniy.
every day,

I'ak jit,,

bo4y jln

Bo^y

W-^,

tak Idng, every
'^° pollute,

& @p
•«*p
is

The

best of the

wine? Bo<y, ch^w

jg^
^^^fc

boe yea
chiw
dj,

|| jg
k'hilh

^ ^^
a. plant.

i,siy j^-^^

se ,^

katu Hid, ka«u n'ed, the bo^y.

\P9
Boey

to

jfi

yeen
Ijg

ISng

the strongest (literally the mother) of the wine.

^tp
(hae,

gn6 cb^

1^

^

^ 1^
BiJ^y

Moss;

the

name of

Sfly e

how

can you defile

me

(by your presence)?

^^^^
>^'
ting

ch5 boe, t'hae
f^V i chey
IS

|§ fg:
t'hi,

^ ^ ^,
leisarely sit-

See the

p 2C

Seang beng.

boi^

down upon

the moss.

The name ef

a places also, of

a

river.

To

translate; also, a decoy or trap birds and beasts.

Read

Boey
16: the
tail,

the end,

the ter-

jS&ey

mination;

thofi

be

3§ S.

Vhdou bdiy,

il
birds,

for

Neiou b6£y
a decoy for

& ^,

chedou
is

boSj),

where a liwing bird

used, to decoy others

the head and tail.

into the net..

BO kr
Boey chcak

30

BOK
wooden gag
-them
in their mouths," in

^ji^,
make up

M"'

l&ng, a go-

order to keep

Boe-y
Che gan ;f;

between, to
t'hae

marriages.
biiSy

Put
cheak

from talking,

that they

might march ia
See the

hoo boe che beng,

silence,

and surprise the enemy.

_^

^
e

1^ ^Ct 2: #• i^ I^J
for

^f'
Said of

Sam
.

kok.

u"

ting t'hae

pay hot &y beng leng, hd'" Idng ay wa,
the

— L^

Vernal showers-: bbSy e seen

woo

"without waiting

command

of parents,

or the mediation of the match- maker."

BoSy^^ ^4-^^
Bogy

hok^Pl^^^:^B^,.-. s"o k'ho^, the bak hoe
dy

gdou

Id td.m

maryoung people who venture upon premature
riages,

vennal shower* are

very

^t

to soil the clothes.

without consulting their friends.

See the

A

double ring

;

a great lock or chain.

A
Boey

collection of soot, body I'ban
bo$i/ t'hw"a, coals.

i^
Boey

^
The

The same
birds.

^
Hak

bofty,

a decoy for

sacrifice offered

by an Emperor,
E' t'hae 16

oey

tt
£L

when

seeking for a son.

Read be: Not

yet,

not arrived

at,

so5 g Ko-bcicy
16

\?J^^^ 1^

J-

Boey
woo Thak

unattained.

se hoe,

tuy wat, be

j^

yung Vhai

ch'hae 6 Ko-bSiy, "to sacrise a b6,

fice

with the principal animals to Ko-boSy," in
obtain
children;
first

yin

e

kong, yea boey,

" has

-he

order to
said

because

Ko-biJgy

is

studied the odes7

He

answered, not yet."
:

to

have been the
See the

who brougbt
ke.

forth

*
Boeyh
^'V.E^
"S

Read yaou

to

want,

to desire

:

children.
».

Ley |ft 'p£

^^^ yaou, put bong pgng seng che
s>"

-fc^^ The green and

black appearance which

^^^•^^
B..A oey

^

!§:

J^

It-

^ Si

i.

any thing wears that has
in the rain;

been long

koo bdiyh, it™ p'hah bey ke,
it,

chil se

ling &y wa,

raouldiness.

I have long desired
che,

and have not forgotten
life.

A
Bbev

stem

:

the -t-

/^

sip

ten

the j)rotestations of

my whole

branches, of the horary characters, are

*5[
stem.

tiiaou: -f" J!^ stems of the same, are called sip je kan, twelve too te E e le4ou bc6y -f^ }jh. j|^ biiSy. te&ou boiy, twining about both branches and
called

and the

~

yv
Bo^yh

^^^|>y* Read

beet: a stocking, clothing for
'^S*'

^ ^

/k^V^
I

^^'^

Chf-ak hag,

cheak beet

A^^^

^ ^
ifi
jit

ftf cKh'eiingiy, ch'heiing

^,

bo'Syh, to

wear shoes and stockings.

Read bok:

not, do not.

See

Ae >^

^

Tae gnay.
:

put hak,

Bok wQy, kira hwan yew lag jit, "« §S p3
jit,

Also, a numeral, employed in reckoning

ke

biiey

^^ Jy^
kong
sin

kwiiy boiy,

how many

stalfcs'l

Boey pok
up meri-

kong, kin a jit

u™

fhak, yed teoo lai

don't say

;|^ \o jjj 15^

to

reckon

you
in the

will not

learn to day, thinking

that .another

torious servants.

day may come.

Also, a piece of

wood held

mouth,

to

keep

a gag: people from talking;

ma

k'he kirn, jin

1
Bok
'^^

Vulg: bak:

Wood:

bok

^|

;^J
bak

hSra bofiy
Idng
iheir

H ^ ^- A t^
boiy,

'i^'

*"*

''''^ ^"""'

^^V
f

ch' hew b^ik,iL tree.

\a]g:

ck'hd, hre-

hdm

" the horses were

deprived

of

wood.

Bok ch'heang

^ ^i

metal ornaments,

and the men

held the

cVhed"^, a carpenter.

BOK
Bok
cheflng stn chck clieng, hoc cheilng

31
kan chek
his verses,

BOK
they were harmonious as the pure and

bak than tSh chew che"A, kwun than ("A chew se"^,

genlle breeze.

See the

-4^ 'l^

Tae gnay.

when wood
becomes

(is

cut)

according

to

the line,

it

straight,

and when a prince

(acts)

accord-

H6ng ley ^'T _jl ^pbok bok, the Emperor put on a deep and thoughtful lUI

T'heen choo bok bok

^

ing to advice, he becomes wise.
S?.d"S
se.

See the

tS
to

^g-

Hppc appearance.

See the

J- ffe Seang
given
after

Itin.

To

wash the head,

to

bathe,

wet,

Bok

'*9^
v-^»
Cheaou bok

A

bad epithet

death.

A

surname.

Bok

to drench.

K'bong-choo bok yiiuk j6
rffi

>/^

ti-4o.,

iL ?- y^;^

®,

''''"''^-

WX t^,

a succession of generations,

hoo-choo ehdng eh chew ledou kei''^ 6ng, Confucius

the father's line being ranged the son's

under the cheaou,

used to bathe before going to

court.

See the

under the bok, and so on.
K*^

Se e cheaou bok
Cheet hong bok c
hong,
ttk
||j];

J^ HS ^^,

arranged ac-

j^ ^^

[ij^,

rh'hSey leih

cording to the cheaou and bok.

leVh

hoe,
in

to

be exposed

to

the

wind,

A shepherd,
n.k

a pastor; bok chea

and drenched

the

rain.

^^
who

Bok

J€^ Bekbokm ^^^^
drizzling rain.

a gentle shower, a

J^^
the

may be

applied

both to

those

keep sheep,

and to those

who take

oversight of

men; a

ruler of a province.

A

surname.

Vulg: iak chew: the eyes bok leuk,

Bok

jj#

9^
-^
let

Kim yew sew
bl-k

jln che

gnPw

yftng,

j6

wQy che

Q.
se

^^;^

a table of contents.
I6y che sek

Bok
)^

put

che chea

hwuy

@

^f

^^
lit/

^i^^Kt.'^^M
'"" """" '*" '''"^ ^-y «"" ^'''"*''

bak chew
not
the

«"
eyes

thang h'hw^d hwuy

>^

^ ^ #.
it5i

jt kap e ^"jf e &y ling,

6,y tek,

look

now suppose a man had
and
oxen,

upon

improper

received

another's

sheep

and

had

beauty.

undertaken to feed them, &c.
-|'

See the

J" 'i

Sip
tij/

liok sey s^

^

|jff

f0,

ehap Ay bak chew
(

Seang bcng.
% ».,
Vul;;:
y«<'

A'Aic"A, that

which ten eyes have seen,

i.

o.

bSh:

not,

do not: bok gno

tc

exposed to public view).

when horses feed upon the iy ch'hdou, chew pwHi/,
bok seuk
grass, they

f
1

A kind of grass, sometimes used for food. Ma Se bok scuk, chek hwfty If,^ ft^

Bok

J^^ ~^^^^
chnn
ch'hin

hoe

y^

|i^

^ ^ ^.
knows
roe;

b6 Idng

chae gwi, nobody

bok put
king
not

g^

Rlj

Jt'

*** '»^«.>»'*

'"*
pay
boi,

^ 1^
parents.
l)ok
fi

f^^ jjg,
will

M

fl"*

chun

thus there
their

be

none who do

become

honour
i.Jk^_

A

surname.
3ji
J

fat.

i

Chek

silent,

quiet,

still.

I<^.1m

Harmonious, amicable, friendly

:

hO bok

Bok

LIaC

Bok

^

^P H^^

peaceful.

K6w

1^^

Teaou

chek bok che heang
'**

chok ke bok

--^SLvillage.

il^tK^ ^'

^^^ "'""^ relations liv-

^ ^ ^ ^,
.^ife

^ TO
«**»ff

*^ '*"

Cheng Ay heo"^ U, to angle in a quiet and retired

ing in amity.

See the

'^ H4n

bQn.

Harmonious, obedient,

elegant,

deep

Bok

and

distant.

A

surname.

Kit-hoo

I \^^

Bok

Sick; pain, sicknes*.

chok seung, bok j6 ch'heng hong

^

BdNG
Bok-yeft

3S
To

BONG
deceive
-,

ignorant, stupvd.

Se
*e

^k ^BKj

the

name of a sword.

bong
p'h'ein

bin ye4

^
^

[g]
this

15
is

^,

p&yh sai^S,

to deceive

the people.
Sa-I.ok

che ley

'^^-'^^,
Also,

the
dis-

Hak
j^^

jg put soo chek bont'hak j6 bd seo"^

desert of Sha-mO.
tant:

—wide,
jeen
e,

(fg 4^ ,g, |jj king b6ng, to learn without

'y 'l^^ hwufS hwuf^,
far
off.

^

^ ih
looking

bong

che

bok

hok

yea

thinking engenders stupidity.
Sijang lun.

See the

[

gSj

bang khw"(l
after

chitn a

him

he appeared

Vulg: bang: a net

for

catching
sin,

fish

B6n

or birds.

Chok keet
g6

j6 wiiy

l,6ng koe, e teen 6

fp |i

^
tied

Bok

Diligent

;

seldom used.

m'Mi'm'^nnn^^,'=''okatm,je
ch'hbng bang, i

pMh
and

ihh

kwh

Veih
nets,

M, they
to

knots in
fish

cords,

made

with.

See the

R

M

hunt and

Yekh keng.

Bok

A

different

name

for pulse, or beans.

#
Bong
Read boe,
to feel
:

Bong
sew boe

Having

lost one's

aim

:

disappointed.

^p ^S

An

cWhita hong, to feel with the hand.

outer ring put to

the

wheel of

Bong
The appearance of deep
grass
:

the

Emperor's carriage when em-

chae
W-T

ployed in hunting.

BongcKha^u bong
ness, grass.

ye4, wat ch'ho bong che sin

y ^ ^ ;^
.

^

Bong leang

fflffl

TO^

spirits inhabiting

^^ '«'« teyea, kong
of the long wild

Bong
old,

marshes
be like

and damp
little

places,

said to

6,y

jin sin, dwelling in the wilder-

children of three years

one

is

called

an

officer

of a dark red colour.

See

^^
"E

Beiig-choo.

Careless, rough, slovenly.

Kwun

wfly

Bong

A

large kind of serpent.

Bong
M™ Chang
affairs

cheng yecn but

16

bong

^^
in

^^
and

jl^

25
the

kwun

cho ching sod, the
slo-

The appearance of wide

extensive

16

bong,

management of

Bong

water

:

also,

not clear.

of

government,

be not rough

venly.

See rt^

^

Chong-choo.

Not

clear

;

a dark day, without

much

Bong

Bong

P« bong

^ ^,

light from the sun.

not

to, flatter.

_

A kmd
^'^^'^

ot

sraoothmg iron
^'^
in

;

koe bong
''°°'

Bong 4pTrar

Bong

The old form of

gM

bong, a net.

!^^^ ^

^

W>

"

'*'"'^

or pond

shape like

a

Chinese

smoothing irqn.

BONG
T6ng bong
a hilly appearance.

B 6ng

|ljw

pS^

BQnj

The name

of a

hill.

^\1^
Cunning,
artful.

B8a^

^
ku'i

To

cover

over any thing.

To
to

l>e

deceived, to be wrought upon,

.h^ Vulg:

mai"S:

sharp,

sharp-pointed.

be

tempted.

Bdn s
mat
^,

Ong kek yaou b6ng
^fthe

j^

ijij^

Y^i

heUng bing iy kSyh, yaou kwui"»
martial spears,

To

flee

away

;

to lose,

to

be

were gitaming

lost,

to die, to be out of exi^teiice.

and sharp.

B6ng
wQy p6
Hurried,
hasty,
in

jinbod 6 wCy p6, jiu

ch'liin e

a

bustle.

Boe
t'hae

B8llg
cKhut bdng Ay
ai pig boi i
Idrtf^,

bo i s'a mii''h

luuy p6, jln

it
^'J.
yeeti,

hwun,

sin

kd peet,

boo

nafi

fh'hong

bdng hoe
,

wHy

p6, a fugitive like myself does

^.Pj

not consider anything of value, except the love of one's parents, which
Ch'hefln^ yeuk
is

J^. ft -f mai"h ckai kd wopi'et, bS ntt that ck hong
aftd

A

^ ^ ^ -^
depart
too

-"i"" "-"'"^ »-""

of real Talae.

bdng hoi, to marry in the evening,
isK
the next

t'hoc an, lifing bo6 jit e

J^

morning,
;j;J;

is

it

not

hurried

and

hasty?

See

^

|^

Toe-ho6

»e.

an jtin, ISng piiiy bd le"d leSh

jit,

when a man
self-

complies with his carnal desires, and pilfers
indulgent ease, the day of his ruin
(i.

To

receive,

to be

acted on;
the

to be

is

uncertain

B8ng

thankful

for;

youth,
bflng

time
to
,

of
be

e.

it

is

near).

youth.
thankful for.

To

4^

^^^^
BOng-

To

forget, to slight, to miss, to lose,

A
Ik^

^
is

surname.

i—

I'f-ng

ke

^^ |g^,

bey ki HI, to forget.

B6ng

e

y&ng ch^ng, seog kong yea

^^hJ^ ^
tek

kay nae tek, wat tok put bAng

JE 11
iy kong

^
16,

^

Ijf

^g

'"''"' '«*" J"*"^ <^«"^.

'^"Kjin
brought

when from youth a person
right way,

kong tok «"* k"a bey ki
promise not to
...

tit,

I

applaud your
it.

up

in

the

he

will display the merits

virtue, and

forget

See the

of a sage.

Seethe

& J^
a

Yeih keng.

j^

5eo"ff

?|:

Bdn

The name of

hill.

Bo Hi

The appearance of

grass

«

abundant.

The wide

(xpansive

appearance

of

B6ng-

B8ng

^^j*-"^

Cheera b6ng

Wt q^,

to look tow»rds.

water.

Pok b^ng

san

;jt

t^
a

jLt,
hiJI,

P"''

'''^"S

B6n!

sui'^a,

the

name of

in

the

B8n

To

cover over

:

a cloth for

corering.

•/Er

'm Hd-I&m

province.

BONG
B6n£
Small drizzling raini
of a river.
also

34-

BONG
Bong bong jeSn k'he
die, jijak clieangbo6y yeen

the

name

j'ehi fcVid

e,

chun a cheang
lie

bale e I&

s&m, looking
as

[

Bon

j

j^
j

The

appearance

of the

sky

before

towards them,

got out of their way,

though

J

he would have been defiled by them.

See

sun-rise.

"^^

^
jjjg^

Beng-choo.

B8ng

^r^

The appearance of

the sky after the

Se bin je seang, bong to

jfi

be

che keen

moon

is

gone down.

sai^S cKhin ch'eo"S woo s'eang hae, bang Id chun

a yea boei/ ey kei"^,

he viewed

the people

as

B8ng

Blind

»

of the eye. having lost the pupil

though they had been injured by him, and looked
towards virtue
sight of
it.

as

if

he

had not yel itorae

in

Said of

^ £P

Bun-ong.

B8n

,j^*i

A

small

kind of insect, that

flies

in

Bon

The

full

of the moon.

B8n

B6ng tong
of war.

t^ ^,

a vrar-boat, a vessel

Disorderly,

corrupt:
order.

vulg.

l&m

sdin,

Bong
also,

out of
yiia

all

Kim

che beng je

l'5ng_4^;tf^fi'lll^.
Chak cKh&yh
l&ng,

VJ-^ a
^^'"S
'

net for catching stags s
eyes.

the

l^a dy

Icang ked

lam sum,

^\£'>

motion of the

those

who

are

now

called

learned

men,

are
ke.

corrupt and disorderly.

See the

f\^ '=^
(||^

Ley

K5=^ A
B8n
l''^

Ch'hoo ek
net for covering over any
Ihing:
jAj p-'
,/c.

bong
clii-y

jln

yea
se

e

e

;^

^

J\^

yea

Idm sdm dy lAng le"a

also,

a pig.
of

te"a, this

then

is

a disorderly, worthless fellow.

The vapours

heaven

descending,
the
corres-

B6ng

when not answered hy
of ponding mists
tlic

Bong

earth.

^
i^: )t^
butterfly.

Read bang: a dream; bong keen ,^^

S

ba)7g kei"^, to

see in a dream.

Chong-chew
a kind of medi-

bong

wfly

hoe
bang

teep
cho

wr*

B6ng
cine,

seaou

# M\k^^,
lae
s'eang
fi

Chong-chew

>R^

^'ct^

boiy yeah, Chong-chew dreamed that

he was a

something

like saltpetre.

Bong
H52

tey

liiang

V^^^^^'J* ^
gwd
ho

bang

liy

sang

dy

hod

pit,

A

great cloth, a large napkin.

I

dreamed

that

the

high

Emperor
in the

presented

me
Vulg: hang: to look towards,
to look

with a good

assistant
se.

government.

See the
to, to

^^

Seo"S

up

hope

for,

to expect.

Ke

bong
anticipate.

^ ^>

hh bang, to hope, to

Bon£

The same

as the preceding.

BOO
Bon
Dark, as when the
sun

35
moon

BOO
The same

and

do not shine; confused.

Boo

as ffrf boo: soft, effeminate.

Readboe: a grave: pae hoe J¥^

^^
Boo
_
de chambers, round a court: a yard.

Bong

pae bong, to worship at the tombs.

K6 boe

seng

ae

'^

koiy huAn bang sai"S

^±%
on passing a
»

ae ch'hdm,

Thick,

fat,

fine, elegant.

Chew gwan
Che. iy

tomb, we feel melancholy.

Boo
brave.

Hyff^
/^ ^ ) I 4
tory

boo boo

f^\

1^

J]||

^,

Bo6

n
bing
dtf

Martial,

military,

A

surname.
sfiiio-

gwin

tey boo boo, the original terrifertile

K6w k6w

hoo hoo, kong hog kan

of the

Chew dynasty was
3[^

and

fat.

See the 4^
bod
hoo,

Tac gnay.

kong hoi &y kan te"d, brave

To
military men, are the clubs and forU of princes.

gambol, to frisk, to throw about
Also written
'flS boo.

See the

^^

Kok

Boo

hong.

BOn

k'ho keng pang,

boo k'ho
«
'^i'

teng kok

Jffft yr^r
Boo kan
bod

-

the arms.

^

Boo

'''^^'"^^,
c
fi

•" brandish a sword.

^ |x f P ^ ^ ^ ^,
acquirements equal
"'

^y"

>>^ ''*"«« ''^ng

Icang kae

^^^^
le
^

\^\

\^>

pang, e &y boa thang le"d kok, his literary talents
are sufficient to regulate a sUte, and his military
to
establish a natioo.

ChUy kap cheaou m6

liang ptng gtm kay,

Ihey brandished their clubs and feathers on both
sides

of the
to sew

stairs.

Said

Cheuk

boo

^P 1^ in

Kok-choo-g«.
boo, frisking

^ ^ ^- ^
Sec the T^n
^(-^ 15

585"*' se.

k'ha to

cVhem
legs.

and gajnboling with the arms and

Boo mP

j^

^

soft, effeminate.

Eng boo S|ifB, a

parrot, a cockatoo.

Boo
a
ffne

Eiig boo Ifing gftn, put

hwfly neaou,

Boo hoo

^^

kind of stone,

bei ey kong wa, tiang urn

li i
still

pu'uy cheaou, a parit

resembling a gem.
ban, to insult, to despise, to revile.

rot

is

able to talk, but

is

nothing more

than a bird.

See the

j|*

Bo&

#Bod
fhidng
to
ae,

k'hey

theiing lap hoo

MM
"'''"1<'«

|g
hilL

Liy U.

til ^'^J

#,

""

''*"''«•

***

The name of a

ke"o ni lap boo ban, do not
lest

begin

shew

favour,

you should
,<..

receive insult.

See the

jpj

^

Sio'^

The same
sult,

as 40;" I10&, to slight, to in-

to despise.

Boo

s'dng jin

che gan

Boo

To

love:

hoojegn Mfe

^

vacant, not
to

1^
de.spisc the

^ A ^ p"
ancient form of

*"" s^nff J'n ^y "fi,

words of the

sa<;es.

self-possessed.

Also written

•^

boo.

Boo

J'HJJf*

To

soothe, to pacify.

Also read hoo.

A If M BoO "^th
T,

The
,.
.

11

kew

^^

,r-

hL

^ ""

bo<J,

not;

bo6

chSey, faultless.

BOO

A

36
|K
j^fj

BOO
Bo8
A
deceitful expression; not; also used

^
Boo

Also used for

boo, not( bo6 j6

^
^V^
tl,

wQyyew
woo,

C

^ W.

"' J^

'*•"

for =ffi bofi, to consult.

to pretend the existence of things

that do not exist.

To
b6: no, not, not in

attend

to

any

thing,

to

employ

Boo rfllh^
^
teSh ka

/far ""' not.
'tj\\

\g.

exigence, do

Boo

one's powers in any thing.
business.

Soo boo

Bo6 yew put j6 Vk ^^-^7^ £, *" '''""'«• "»»» pingt/ew a'" tSh
who
is

Kwun choo boo

pfin

j^
i

-ju

^X

a!^
the

kwun

choo

don't have a friend

not equal

chwan yting k'hwity

lat

kin p/m,

good man
See the

to

yourself.

See the

_t p^
/f^'

Sean<! iQu.

attends sedulously to the principal thing.

Kwun

choo bo6 sey cheng
siy chai"^, a

-j-

ffiE

j^n

^

>

A-K)un choo bd

good man

has nothing

Ji _|_;3^

A

fog, a mist: yin

boo

that he strives aliout.

'""" See the J;. 1^^'^''"=
grass.
A.e

Boo

"*

'"

^J ^^
'^R
chfiy

clouds

and mist; bong boo

^^

a mist.

%,»^
Boo

Overgrown with weeds, and
'^

Lok

hfty

e

koe boo
'^"
'^'''

hwuy ijc
''"P

'^S.
grown.

"^^^

''*'*

*""* "^"^^

^E^^
A surname.
fi™ king.

® ^- Hi S ^ ^'
kw^d
dy boo
mists
chd po6
flying
tit

^y *^*'

""'

pwuy, scattered hazes and

lamenting to see the grass

and weeds so over-

solitary

about together.
bfln.

See the

S^
ft

>C'Ong-put
look

B 00

J

Not, do not, an interdiction.

k^ To

\vith

the

eyes

downward",

i

h
jffl

Bo6 put keng
be
not
in

^
any

Tf.

^^ bo

Boo

1^^^

dim-sighted, near-sighted.

Hoo boo

se

'/"J
See the

case

disrespectful.

chea, e hky

wfly ch'hek
''

gP Ley

Ke.

^
one

I^ji

H M,
To

4^

^ |1
'^•"'"^

"''"

1r^>

^^ '^"^ '''"

chd cKh'eah, near-sighted people take yellow for red.

Bou

boo e
Zing-

m
no
e

A

conjurer, a necromancer,
incantations.

who
gallop about
in

performs
Jin
jfi

A

confusion; to go
le,

surname.

Boo

boo hSng,

put
i'::^

k'ho c chok
ii'

swiftly.

Tit p'heng wat

Iwan
,1!,

te

K
bo

iTij

-t tl- T- Pi
sim,

^ t'
sae

wat ho5

^

IF*

g 11, IL
p'haoii

jEj
boo.

,

til

ke^d kong
is

ti,

/dm sum
tg,

king

hing
if

a"

''Aang-

chd

koug

to ride straight

called

to

gallop about in

kwA

seng,

a

man does not

possess a persevering

disorder

is

called

boo.

mind,

he can

neither be a necromancer,

nor a

A

domestic duck; a wild duck
boo, and a

is

called

physician.

See the

"J»

|^

Hay

lun.

Boo
Kwun cho3
che

common duck
sfing

^W
so

boo.

To

deceive, to cheat.
5""*="

K'hek

gok put
f/-]

sijang

iQy boo

Bo6

C^AIA

*"•

^'^°
itf f:$
tit,

^"'^

y*^*

"^

^ "Z

M t| ^ ht
che"d
if

il fi'
you

^••*^^-

*««

u-

]^ -^
an chw"d ly phSen

^,

'''«"« «'""> Al/ to,

sUng

luy Sh, trying to engrave a wild goose,
will

the

way of a good man,

ypu do not succeed,
duck;

how
lun.

can

it

be deceitful!

See the

J^

|j| Selng

a tame

—said
fail.

only produce

of those who try to imitate

great men, and

Boo

le

BoS

A

sort

of net; nearsighted.

Boo

^

-p^

the

name Of a
the

star:

Boo-chew
place.

/M\

^

j|j,j^

name of a

BUN

37
*t»fln

B 6n
Aroo,

Bun

M
P^
^,

To
ka

cut,
le

to cut off;

choo b6n
cut

H

boey woo bong ck'hong k'hi yitng ch'hea

SM
own

I

hok, dwelling long in office,

without handling or

kwUh

adu,

to

one's

adorning the furniture, carriages, or apparel.

throat.
e,

Teang-j6, Tin-S, le&ogjtn seang

ho wQy bun

kingkaou5|:]^JJ|^,^A^ail
^ij 5ll

Bun

The

sides of the face: also,

bad,

im-

proper.

^,

reo"S-je kap Tdn-i, no

Mng

»e»

Ad k6ng kwdh nd aou &y kaou, Teo'^-j^

and

To

hold

:

te biin
of.

Tia-6 both formed an intimacy, which they called " cut-throat " which. means that
friendship;

Bun

^

W^^

to grasp, to

layvhold

Bok bun
*"
''^"S

tim sect

they

would remain
See the

faithful to each

other

till

death.

^ ^ ^.
cheih, there is

^S
iV

"""^

ffH'«

d^ |g Soo
The

no one to hold my tongue.
gn4y.

See the

ke.

A 36 Tie
mouth, the dimples.

Bun

sides of the

^^^^
Biin

Literary, literature: also,

ornamental,
Bfln
bfln

Vulg. bang: a musquito, a small gnat

Bun

f|/

Y/
ka.

^^^ h&ag chwan
bib, mtti"S bite

hoc,

chek yea put

cheang

^^^ ^g. ^ ^"^ Wn
16
tit,

N/

ornament, surface.

A surname.
civilized:

polished,

cheo^S^ literary composition.
bfln,

Hoo-chu6 too kaou,
bang
the

hfing,

teung, sin,

dt

l&ng &y

kan bey k'kmun, when

musquitoes

our

flesh,

we cannot

^V^^A.iC^^ tf, ki
iy
tin

sleep.

by night.

See »H;

-^

Chong-choo.

iroa ^ hang hwuH, bUn cheo'V, ,iy keH, chin teung, kap Confucius had four subjects of

Hoo-choo

instruction,
sincerity.

regarding literature, conduct,

fidelity,

and

See the
Hfing
Hti

J^
fi

^
lek,

Si-ang lOn.

y£w
i^j

chek t bak b&n
*«"<» chiy

1*^1

-V
chek

^ y^ ^ ft N Mi/7.
rl
ch'hun ay

ivl

Bun fXfUt

'^

KA^pli^
lal,

Uy yid woo

Separated to a disUnoc, divided.

k'hwUy

yung

e

t h'ak bUn,

having done
let

these, if a

man

has any remaining strength,

him
iQn.

employ

it in

learning.

See the

Bun

PA^ //J

Ch'he4ng bun
flower.

^ ^,

J^ 1^

Seang
sky.

the

name of a

An autumnal

sky, a clear
thiien

Siln

BAn
United;
ther.
b<in

ho khip e bfln

Bun

bap

^ ^^

^ ^j
j^oined toge-

^.^}^jf^
'e

'^'*'»

*««'«

'*«

ban

t'hee"^-

Siin cried

and lamented under the clear heavens.

See

^

:y-

B5ng cho6.

%

\^

To

wipe, to rub, to handle.
j^ '''"-y

Koe choo

Bun

Jiyi >l'^ ^^

f™'
iKs

***

*^"

m ^ '^ 1 ^

BOn '^l-

The

variegated appearance of the clouds.

^""« 1^a6u,jt cKhit b'ak

eKhat, an orphan child moans and wipes bis eyes.

Ke kwan k«w,

\>i

scing bun «ek k'hc yOng ke hok

BQn

The

stripes in

checked and embrnidered

cloth.

BLJN
To
hold,
to
lift,

38
to move.

BUN
bfln

H4n 6ng

yci

^ ^ ^ J^j ^ Jl.
T-L>

the wild

ducks stood

in the

Bun
teSh heng

siiang

heung, na6 bfln chijuk

YS ^P
when
in

mouth of

the ravine.

See the

fi
kin^ of the

m Tj

^ ^ ^ae

gniy.

ffi

^>
was

^*"

'"^ '^""^
the

Wham, chew

k'hi k'ha ji chaou,

Bun
Biln

t'hog

jj@ pj,

cheih ChaSu, to hang

Haa

dynasty

wounded
fled.

his

down

the head.

breast, he took to his

heels

and

See the

The

^I^Sooke.
Bdn hoe P^

sign of the plural

number; j^ bun
pe°P'e
;

S

Biin
mooi"^ hoe, a door:
ch'hut moo{"S, to

/^I
is

T

1^

ff1>
-jiltj

''"' ^^' ^**"

g"6

l>un

Bun

PI
k'hoe

ch'hut bfln

Hj P^,
to
k'haou,

11 <J common

^

Idu, we,

us.

This character

in navels.

go out of doors,
rj

go abroad
the

;

bfln

Pt

moof^

before

door:

Read bin: a cake

;

hftn

k'hae bfln

b3 rn,

k'hwuy moo^^' to open the door.,

Bun ^|^1PS>
t^hoe Bin*

/ga H M %,
|(_^^^

fhofi peng

*^" ''"''"

'''"'''

" *"'

Ge
ge

loe yei, ley bfln yea

^ g^
^

cake made of meal,
hAn
t'haoa, bread.

a biscuit:

bSn

^]i.

||

f^
is

^,
the

chd loe,

lit/

chd

RS

mopf'^,

righteousness

road, and propriety the door (by wfcich
enter).

we must

See

^^

^?- Beng-choo.
bfln

T'heen choo kew
kttou

-3^ -h

P^

Bun
hong tty

Ay moofS^

the

Emperor

has nine gates to

his palace.

Kwuy-loe bun soo kwuy
king Choo-loe
a"*

n
jin

Vulg:

mooi"^

:

to

enquire,

to

ask

;

seng biin
a sound.

^ BB^
sin,
-,

sd"a *un, a report,

Choo

wat, be ISng

Bun
fSf,^

jin put

f^

A ^ i^

^oojin,
"J"

yeen leng soo kwuy,

^ J^ ^^ ^ ^
;

hak seng

king teung Choo-loe, the
Choo-loe.

rest

of
Kwily-loe

the disciples did not respect

moof^ hok

sae kwtiy sin dy soo

Hoo-cho*
eh»»"d

koHg, boiy iy

hok sae lAng, boSyh an

iy

Vulg. t'he"a: to hear; t'ham bun 55^

Jiok sae kwHy, Kwuy-loe asked about worshipping

BOn
stealth,

PjM> t'him rhe"a,
bfln

to listen.

Ch'heep

ghosts

and

spirits

:

Confucius

said,

we cannot

mI

^,

Vhttou Che^a, to hear by

yet serve

men

properly,

how

then can

we wor-

a liumble expression, used at the beginning

ship ghosts.

See the J^.
>tl
^

|^
"

Seang

lun.

of essays, meaning, "I have heard," &c.

Ban
TT*

R^

jnoot"^^ jIn,

He

asked about beti,

M^
those
^'"^

Bfln chea bok put Jiia k'h6 yeen

^^^

nevolence :"— lun

f^ ^p,

mooi^S

"

He

asked

i^,

t'he^a

&y l&ng b6 «*" hin Whi yeen,
See

about knowledge."

who

heard, universally arose to action.

T*

^

"^y
and

^^"^•
Bfln-jin, a double surname.

A surname?

^K

Bun

A

fat

and plump appearance.

Report, fame anything that

is

heard.

Biin

A

kind of grain.

Bun
a
ravine,

Lfing bfin

k6ng

6, se 6 sin

•^

^ ^g
fame,
person.

An
Bikn

opening in

where

the

k'hwdh dy o

lo,

se 6 bin

sin,

an honorable
a

water runs out,

and the two

banks

and

extensive
the

praise

bestowed upon
''"6-

project, like a gate

way

;

hoo e chae

Sec

HR

^t

^^^

BUT
Sorrow, trouble
:


yew bQn

BUT
To
beat, to
strike,

-^ B9
»)S

,

to

whip with

a

Bun

Nhwin
Tan
86

Id,

to grieve.

Hwan
R^^

biin

09

^

But

stick or

bamboo.

E'

ma

peen but l/|

grief:

wut bun

boa bQn,

'^

kan, jt

M

^ ^ M^ ^^
to
retire

vexation.
si

chaou seim
the

with a whip.

wut

chut,

from

busy

^ ^
But

%

To
be.

end, to finish, to die

<

not, ^not to

world without regret.

See the

Mj t^

Yekh keng.

.^JL^ To be in
Bun

confusion, disordered.
Iw-an

Kong
the af-

yx
dy ling bS

Kwun

choo put e b6 but ley

-^^ jj'^
> jyTT' J^^^
at that

ke bOn
fairs

|p^

^E

^
in

e ho

k'hte"i, but b6

Uy

soe, the

good

§[,

man

of government
of a stream
e

confusion.

does not do away with

propriety,

for the

sake of elegance.

See the fig gP Ley ke.

>

The name

:

chek

gofi pit

chae

Kwun choo

chit but se, j5 bfing put ch'heng yecn

Bun

Bun

sijang

^|J
pit

^ >]L-^^JL
Iwa
ti

j^
I

chek
shall

gvd

Bun ting

i,

chad iy ling chit pai"S, yin

teuj/

but bi te si, ji

me" a

time

be dwelling upon the river
Si-ing iQn.

a"

ch'heng hoe yeen, the honorable

man

is

pained
his

Bun.

See the

J^ |^

at being nothing in the

world, and becau.se

name

is

not celebrated.

The name of

a small

fish

the

tail

But
of a
fish.

^1_^_
But ntrfjt

Vulg: mte''h: a

thing, an existence, a

person, another person.

Ban but yeik
*"" ""^''*
»«'"*^

^yW
all

y«^"

1^ 4^

But

W i^'
;^

But but

a.

any thiRg small.

yeuk,
l|l

things nourished and growing.

See the

TV

^

Teung yOng.

Do

not,

an expression of prohibition.
16

But

/iT\
bmA ji
bi

but to6

j« bong kong

^^^
See the

g„i |]^ kan, between one's self and otheti,'^' tittng
But kek j« hoe
»*

But gno che kan

J^

^

„^n^

ij,

'hi

mrt"h chi kek, jitn
keng
li,

torn le

!|^ ;f^ kaiu
is

jjj^

^ ^p ^
when an
the
ut-

t'haiu,

do not put yourself vainly to

acquaintance
most, then
is

with thing*

carried to
height.

trouble, without getting the merit of it

knowledge at

its

But k'he

yija

-^T

Sj

""*

t!l

i

'*""* P'*'^"'

<•"

But

But yeak

not deceive.

^ ^^

mjnk.

^

^

To

bury, to inter, to put under ground.
ii hut
sin

But

T^>y

T'hoe hLp ch'h6 jQng, t

But
hap VhSj^h 3/Ang, i
li

A

kind

of vegetable.

bai but hin

sin,

to contract

clandestine intimacies, and to take everything ea<y,
till

To

die,

to

d(-c('a.se

:

Seuk-rheem

wat,
0^-

we bury ourselves

in

ruin.

See the

EP gP

Bo6 ke.
K'hwut but

But

Ch'hoe 6ng kd put but hoe ij;

But

Am

J#

|I|^^

a lofty appearance;

cheem kdng, Ch'hoi &ng k(
said,

a™

si hoi,

Seuk-chefm
?

hilly

the

^^

why

will

not the King of Ch'ho6 expire

See

Cho twin.

BWAN
Ka bwd

40

BWAN
hwdn bwan, cheih bey
ISh,

to

^
:

make people
it.

so

i&

a kind of wood: the

vexed,

that they

cannot stomach

See the

spreading branches of a tree.

^|g,So6
0m

ke.

Read
bwi.

>n6
to,

to grind

;

mo

to

^ JJ^

f^

Evening,

dusk

;

late.

Vulg.
late.

mai'*^

to grind a knife.

J6 tok j6

Bwan

r||JL*

m6 ^p
cKhin chSo^S
ju,^^

J^ ^p
jike

1^^

cKhin cheo"S tok

y^
see

hwui"S, evening; mooi"S,

Kwun

h6 keen che bwan

chiselling

and grinding.

Ofej li

seo kei"^

kadu hedh mooi"^, how came
See the

See the

J^,
6 se

f^

Seang

lOn.

you to
bwd Uy
'(|S
e

me so

late?

M6

Ifiy

B^ |M

H ^S^

yung, to

Seang ktien hwun
kei"S hwun mooi"^,
each other so
late.

bwan
it
is

grind anything for use.

See the at.

Cho twan.

Bjfej i^Q a pity we have seen

^ ^ ^l ^ f£ ^^ ^ f^
^fpf

Soo

*«»

t
^

^

Read bwat:
anoint.

to paste, to besmear, to

Bwah

Jf'Jf^

E'

J'^l

i4^

^j

hwun bwat been |^ «'W hwdn bwSk bin,

^
to

I Jy>

To

pull, to drag: yin

bwan

^j

^,
^^

Bwan

^Jfnjy

to lead.

Bwan

hiifiy
to

t'heen e

'^'^^^
dy
i,

[pI

Hp
the

^,

bwan

tooi"^ t'hee"S

X
Bwah

smear the face with white paint.

to reverse

decree of heaven.

Read bwat:

the small end, the extreme

Bwan

To

pull a carriage.

point of any thing.

Read

tat; as,

kwun

tat

^5 ^s,
and

kwun
hoe

Hwun bwan

Bwah

-*

bwah, the
tat ch'ha^

beta
l§.

vulgaris;

Bwan
to

nj"

wffi,

to be in labour,

be delivered.

^g

35, kaou bwSh

cKhai, a kind of turnip.

Hong

chin cheaou tat leet
I

1^ ;^
I

^ ^^ SJ,
the
till

To

restrain, to

hold back.

hong chin long chSo bwah kAou

leih,

wind
their

and turnip tops, agitated the plantains
leaves were split.

To

Bwan

7

m

Vulg. mw"d: to
completes
full.

fill,

to replenish, to

forget, to let slip out of the mind.

A surname.
suy bw&n

Ch'ho
gaS

bwan

t^

t6ng,

'^
long,

Bw4n ch'heang

ffi

]^ yk
and the water

cKhaou mw"d }!& ffij

U

3g, pw"d cKhe6"S,

Bwan

to climb over a wall.

Bw&n

ch'hut

the pond, chUy mw'"d gai, the grass overspread
filled
it

k'he
to run over,

^ ^ -^^

pw"d

ch'hut k'he,

up to the brink.

as liquor.

CVi tek
teSh i 800

^

bwan -^^ ^/^

^, ^,

sim chi

tit

mw"d, obtaining one's wish, and

fulfil-

B wan
l^l^l

Rice water boiled to a consistency,
and concealed.

ling one's intention.

Troubled: hwun bwan

*rS'
t

'^,

vexed.

Bwan
i

So6

jin hw3,n

bwan,

sit

put hay

Bwan

Bw&n

e

,

a large face.

CHA
Not
clear-sighted,

41
to

CHA
things have beginning and end,
(i.

conceal from

e.

weightier

Bwfin

view, to deceive.

Tae jtu put bw&n,

and minor points).

go«

sit

y6w choey

§t«
00 choey, really

^ A ^ B^.
gtcd
tit

twa ling bey mw"d,

Bwat

^^^^ WtIP
with

The name of a water
spittle-

:

yefin

bwat

wS

caunot be deceived, your honour

lam

V j^,^^ M (^^
spittle.

Seang

se 6

bwat

^^
befouled

seo bak i

Hw"a,

in fault.

Chd-ch'bd
KpJ

seiou, joo ft-bw4n
liy,

^^
'

/{>

^
Bwat

g|,
'

ChS-eVhd

je i-mw''4,

when Ch&the
little

ch'ho was young his designation was
cheat.

*
iS
^FW
J^>1

Bwat h^

^ j^^
1^

to rejoice.

Ljri^ Vulg.

wijrA- a pair of stockings: bwat
iff]

% »

Vulg. bwih: to spread, over,
to smear; to anoint.

to rub,

Bwat

J6 teng tang

^ ^,
:

cVWnff

Bwat ^k3p»
hwHn,
clouds.

San bwat bS

1-^
the

boiyhje cheo"S U"S, w«aring stockthe hall.
as the foregoing

J«» ill
hills

tt
were

^

m,

-"'

"^"^

"

ings, he ascended

overspread

with

small

^^jL^Mm The same

l£ng p'ho

Bwat
To
feed a horse with

b« poe. Id bwkt seng tin

*^

^

com.
water with small covered with
-fc.
dirt.

paces,

our

silk stockings get

Vulg. mih: the

pellicle, tbin skia.

Bwuy
The
not,

J^/tfAl" Small

rain.

end, the extreme, a minor point ;

do not.

But y^w pAn bwat
mei"* woo pHa bwih,

nm ^3

^ ^F

5tOMy

a^
teftou

Dark, the eye* not seeiae *ell.

Cho
Out boi Idng

J^

^,

eU

k'ki

ay teiou, an

early

^^

A

a

woman,—(a

audience, at Court.

Cha
y^j
cA<i ft«^

provincial expression).

Hoo

jin

lit

Cho y6w 6

€ t'heen hay

J^ ;^

eW woo

UU

^ ^
yji^

"]h,

ekee^S iy, he would soon obtain ce-

simm8ht5le.||fXBS^^^3i
Mng' 6a( ("a mc^''A (o ^, as to
!

women,

lebrity

throughout the Empire.

See the

ip

^
we

what do they know about reason

Teung yttng. Cho hfing put kcdn ch'heng
forai,

san been

Chd

^

Read ch6:
merly.
in the

early,
»in

soon, quickly,

B^

H

J^^"^

ijj

cM flg^

k'hi $t ke^i, bS lehn^H ch'hai'*^

Ch6

S. J^ ^

chd k'hi

>w"a iy

bin, travelling early in

the morning,

morning, early.

cannot tee the face of the blue mountains.

CHAE

m
:

CHAE
Chae kae bok ycak chek k'ho e soo seang tdy
)

^
Chae
ed.

To

plant

;

a plant

chae 4aou haou

f-5^

^

"^1

*° P'*"* nutmegs,

Chae
'^^"^
,

chea po^y che

^^ ]^ "^
is

ch'hai chdng ek,

chgw

fhang hok saS teang

tty,

Ay mef^hpoiy yatig

e,

fostering that which

plant-

having fasted and bathed, (hen one
the

may worship
See

See the
||j

^

Teung

yflng.

highest

Emperor

(i.

e.

the Supreme).

Te wit
set/

chae, teang wat ^5

p Q ^^ ^ Q ^,
plants,

1^ +-

Beng-choo.
I

chdng kong chae, twa chdng king ch'hew, those

Se chae chek cheng

4^ m»

'

*

10

iih

chek cheng,

of smaller

growth

are called
trees.

and those

a place of learning, quiet and retired.

of larger growth

_^>^
wonder,
or
excla-

iThe ancient form of the above charac-

An

expression of
-,

Chae

^%^%

^"
a

'

^"*

'''**

i^

^,

*^^ "*'"*

''^

Chae

tion

a note of admiration.

Heea chae
S^""
'^^"^

hill.

HHy
Seang

a,

H66y jea how clever was

^^
wfly

|p]

"111 ,

Htiey.

See the J^. ?iM

Chae

Goods, wealth, treasure.

l&n.

Tae

chae,

Geiou che

kwun

Read

te

;

to

^ EL S" iW
how

yea^ 'Sir gp
Icwuti,

know, to be acquainted

twa chae, Geiou dy chd jin
!

Chae

with.

Te

che,

wuy
ye&

te che,

i— put

te,

great was Gealou as a prince

See'

.the

same.

wuy put

te,

se te

T'heen h^ gSn chae

^^^
TT =M Hay
:

'^,
lun.

''*<'«"^ t'hae

±. >F
chae
that

*ll

fho woo k6ng wa chae, course
!

hoW can Heaven

hold dis-

chd chae, «*" chae

^^
you
it,

^P.

^^

^ ^^
i;^
ill> ^^"^ ^ '^^*

I'e&h

chd tt™ chae, chiy chew si

See the

yed,

when

know

anything,

account

you know

and when you do not know
itj

f /^

Calamity, affliction
trouble.

chae ian

jJIJ

pffi^

not know anything, account that you do
is

this

Chae |J^
lilt

Kdw

chae, sut lia, tu yei

knowledge.
.

See the
rule, to

J^ ^m

Sijang lun.
to arrange
:

kayh p'e&h

Idng,

si

to

yea, to

deliver people
is

7"

%

To

regulate,

,fi.

from trouble,

and pity one's neighbours,
See the

the

Chap

way of

virtue.

Bo6

chae bo6 hae

M

7£ 'pa
ifel

Ch6

twan.

^BP— ^Y*
leuk te6n,

surname.

Choo chae
chijang

^ ^,
kok,

a ruler.

T'had chae

ke^n pang che
^jji^

{if

^
:

b6 chae ho hae,

e cho 6ng pfing pang

^

without trouble or danger.

^|-Jt.«

Distress and trouble
'^'*^'

chae hae p£ng

thai chat
chd 6ng

chedng kwdn pang dy lak
ti

tein, i hoo

Chae

ICC^

*"y y^'"

*^^'* *^''^*>

^^

''oS j6

pa^
the

pang kok,
boards,
in

the

prime

minister

controls

six

order

to assist the

the country. See the sovereign in pacifying
hi hwat e tae u&, foo kttdu suy oo ho dy Idng, yed

H^
Choo-

Chew
'

ley.

when calamity and
although a good

affliction

come

(Dh'ai^

all

at once,

seang

^

Jfl^

a prime minister.

Choo-loe

man were
it.

at the head of af-

way
lot

Kwuy.se chae

^ j^ 1^ ^ ^ ^,
See the

Chae Jj^iP

^
fairs,

he could not help

See the

^^

Tae

hak.

chi Ku'ily-ii dy ehat, Cho6-Ioe was a steward

over the household of Kwiiy-se.

h

sfik

Pure, respectful
one's-self
;

;

to fast, and purify

Seang

iQn.

^

also, a quiet, retired place,

Cha6 che ban bit

$ fl
ail

]|| t[^

,

chat kwin

/A|^

a school.

ban mel'h, to govern

things.

CHAE

43

chaI:
Chae soo k'ho
e

A
So6 p^ng tek chae
,.

t'heea hay, ek j£ cb'hoo

jeuk
'"^

..-f^

^ # ^ ^ T. #
fig
tit

||-

i(0 ilfc

I^.

"^

^

"mT

-^ / Ao*
it

cMl hSy.
will

chlw Chang, once more repeated, and
sufficient.

be

.^,1

gmi

chae

li

fhee"^ iy,

yea cKhin ched"S

See the

J[^

=^

Seang

lun.

.i
.,,11

hfhij/.l49 «M(A..let,in? succeed in.pianagjng' the
jiife,

Emwas

jjust as.I

do

tjiifi,

BJe^;

o(j

fl«sh

;

— thi?

> Jat Chae
''I

A

debt

:

hoo chad

^ ^g

hoo chdy, hod chd}

a wiih expressed by

^0 S^

Tin-p^ng, when he
flesh

was offering a
for the same.

sacrifice,

and cutting up the

g| '^ \
t

to be in debt.

Mae

tedn t'hek, yeu k

choo sun, e ch'heSnsr chad

^y

fP

S
and
in

See the

1^

^ f^

Ttn-ping IwSn.

S ?" ^- 1^ fi
<un,

ft^ *^^
to

''*''"^'' '"''''"'*'

*'* *^''"

ch'hedng

chAi/,

dispose of

fields

Chae i 1%^

houses, and to
'

sell

»

P'heng chae

children and grandchildren,

J^ ^p,

to boil, to cook.

order to pay one's debts.

See the

B||

i^
^a

^
^
'*"'

Chedn Han

se.

The grounds

or sediments of liquor

Sim
:

seftng

chfw chad, hdng ch'he yew

chey chae -jg -S^

sediment.

M
chai

ift. "ft

J^ ^'

*'"'

''^"* ^^
-

'^**"'

'^''^h

wOy

woo,

common

tavern scores for liquor,

may be met
Bold, courageous, daring.

with io every place.

A
(Jhat*
\

child

J

the people of

^^
called

ChaS
Kangtheir

M

'^"> province,

formerly

^
chun

Talent

\

chad l«ng

^

6^^ ehat

teaou,

ability.

Chunhefin yeuk chad, dcheang

IVi^
C^liae

ydwtekttW/f.ja^^t k^ yeuk ch'hi woo chat teaou
gttiu Zing,

children chae.

dy, t Chiang btng vol tek,
;

we should honour
order
to

the

A

year

;

the beginning

an

affair

:

then

;

good, and foster the
to light those

clever, in virtue.

bring-

also,

an expletive.

3t lip jiew pat

who have

See the 'T%

i-"

chad,

Hong-hwun

mt
I6h,

t\noi

lok J2l

Hay

beng.

Chad Iciou
pii/h

nei"S,

Hung-htL'un
i.

nai ti

after

twenty

chad

eight, yeais "
I

Hone-hwun
,;ir.;,.
,.,

i,ii/i

;,
^^1

.

e. ( G«;ftuu llJ ,i)o Jh
.
,

dS:
*fJ
;

)

departed

a,..^^
leaou
e

j^ j^ )^

jO., materials

:

kwan

k'm'a
k'h6

^

ch'hi, a coffin."

Chad bok

put

sin

yOng

yea

this

.life.,,^..^ ,^

,.^

T'ho^g

se Cheng,

choo K»t chae

Jj^^|iE.

^
Kat
See

iy yung,

then the timber
use.

will

be

more

J^M,
tions, t.uui.,

7"*^

*'** ch'hay' ckehg kwal, cho6

than can be exhausted by

See the

J^ 3r
chad

k't[t^t'hAou,

when T'hojig began

his military opera,

Scing beng.

he commenced ,.|^j .j^iiJ „„^ fr.om .the Kat
,

diitrict.
,

/ill

'II.-.

Money, wealth, cash

:

chiidn

^S

^^Bang.cho6.
Again,
to

,

,,:^

,^,,

repeat

;

chad sam

|H

—*

.

'^""^^ % l^j
nl-

^

chei"f chat, money.
*"

Hwat chad
chad k'hd

S^'

wealthy!

TT %^.^^^^>
fc'A4in

cAad '"a, again and again.
wfly Sim, k'hd k'ho chad hoc
'**'

Yit che

— ~y
'**•"•

^^

a wealthy influence.

Chad hoo
clerk.

^

Jp.,

a cashier, a book-keeper,

a

***^ "«"^
is

iy

Chang kSh

hoi,

once

too often,

how

Lftm hong che

sd

hdy, k'ho d

hoo god bin che

can

it

be rc;pe»ted.

CHAE
p^
chey

4*^'

CHAI
hak dy
td
li,

NG

^^
people.

''^,

Mm

hong Ay

tS,

Vhang cKhbng

te te

hing bing
te

dy

tek, tS

ct^hbng tin

gwd p&yh

$ai"^ dy chaS, the timely influence

pSyh tai"^,

hdy^h two

chi hd, the doctrine
in
illustrating res-

of the southern wind can increase the wealth of

of the great school, consists

my

Part of an ode made by

^E
;

Sdn.

plendent virtue, in renovating the people, and in
stopping at the point of extreme virtue.

See the

^
ChaS
together.

To
to

cut as with a scissors

to regulate,

^ J^
Chae

Tae hak.

measure.

Cha6 h6ng

^0

4fl|

a

tailor,

one who cuts out, and

stitches

ge*

Hae chae

,

name of an animal.

Hoe
fiJc

e chag s6ng t'heen tey

che *"

^ ^ /^ ^'
to)
th(js

ip'

J^

^
Hae chae

'^

''""'^ '^^"^ "^'^"^ i'See"?
clip

iM

ley &y to,

your majesty can

and contrive

(act

^

^

an animal, found

in

the north-east,

with one horn, which

according

way of Heaven and Earth.

See the

^ |^
Read

attacks only vicious persons.

Yekh keng.

,

chfiy

:

the navel ; chfiy tae

Chai

»^

^ ^,
Jeak put

To

beat, to strike.

chat twi. the navel strinsr. chai twi, string.

cho to6, hoe cheang se chfiy

y^ ^>

A
lai

portcullis
^

;

sfing bfln

chSh

^ f^
^
^

cheang chedh lot chai,

if

you do not speedily

1^
chiiy chiih,

se"d mool^S chkh, the portcullis

he will eventually lay a plan to circumvent him,
prevail so far as to eat your very
navel.

of a city gate.

Suy chkh y'^

a water-gate, a flood-gate.

To

load, to burden, to bear as a bur-

Chae

den, to sustain, to hold. tey chae
ley chae, the heaven

T'heen hok
fhee"S p'hak

ChSh

The same

as the preceding.

% ^ ^ ^^,
overspreads,
).

and the earth
Cheet twan

under-props

(

all

things

Chah
^jK

W^

^

cMh

toot"e,

to

cut

off,

to cut short.

Suy k'ho chae chew, ek k'hd hok chew
^fi

pT
and

Kim T6ng cheet
]6

A.
-jjv,

Ipl"

^^ in- ^
can

te&ng po6 tw&n, chiiang gno£ sip

chdy Chang chae

chlin,

yea Chang p'hak chUn, water can
the

float vessels,

kok, chih ti^S poi tiy, cheang boiyh got chap
if

li,

now

same element
"f

also

overwhelm them.

The words

you cut

off the

longer

parts

of the T£ng
shorter,

|^

-?" Yftng-choo.
country,
at, in,

and take them to supply the
find
it

Vulg. tes

to consist in, to re-

you

will

to

be

about 50 square Le in

extent.

Chae^-J*
put chae

main
sent.
'1(\

at, to

be in existence, to be pre-

Chae
bi te

^J
tit,

te

tit,

to be present

;

/fc

to be absent.

Chai
chae sin

"S-

h%

Read cheng To wrangle,
:

to strive,

to contend.

Kwun

cho6 boo sey
,

Tae hak

che to,

chae b6ng bSng tek,

bin, chae ch6 S che seen

yt

Wi.

7

Cheng
Choi

30"

^

BB

^^%^^
Seang
lOn.

kwun

dy Idng

bd

sty chai"^, a good man never

wrangles.

See the

j^ Im

CHAM
^^
CA«/"S-

43

CHAM
4;/r
f"**!
kin.

person in the well.

^

Read

chelig:

a well;
jJn yeea

a

surname.

Cheng yew

^ /^ A
is-

Cham

*^
tae

vui; ilg. chom: a bodkin, a hair-pin.

Hwi-

tS

cham ;it ch a flowered bodkin. i|&^ Kim cham •m* i^., a golden bodhair-pin.
A-trii^

ehai"^ vi woo Idne, there

a

Kiiey

Cheng t*y koe

I'heen

^ )& ^ 5^,
(by

Luy
^Aot
"S:

cham J|2 fef ^ a cham eng .S
-f^

ti

cham

kied eng,

" for

^ ^,

na teg

several generations, wear-

tiy Icot Cheeks, Xo be looking at the heavens,

from

ing hair pins and tassels;"
lies

— an allnsion to famioffice.

the bottom of a well

which

means the
which, for successive ages, have been-ia

heavens wou^d look very smalt);

— intimating
Cham
weather, fine

$
CAfl

that a person

who does

so has

narrow views.

JL.^
"i/

To lo

cui o cut off,

to

behead;-

ch4m

sijey

Read

chfing

:

clear

mjT
I

ff
cut

M>
off.

the edges

of a

garment,
as
i'v

ns

and

left

uobemmed,

weather: e

chfing
rain
is

?R

fl^

^

hoe

tustomary when mourning

for a father.

chaC^,

lll«

cle&red

up.

Ch&m hwat soo kok
sc

^

'(J^

PtJ

Bl ,

cham

hteat

wug
tlie

Aj)

kok, to citt off the nations all around.

Chain's

Read chcng:

quiet,

still

;

am cheng

See

/rs Utt Seaou gnay.
tfi

Rh

W^

""* ''*'""^» clandestine.

Cham

ch'h6

kin

^ ^ ^^/j^/
off weeds,
4fi-

''*"'"

cKhdeu

t'eSh ti kin,

when cutting

you should

extract the roots;

— intimating
"^ |^

thatthe evil must.

Chak jAly» Ak
7S.

cl^ak

^

Ij^j

narrow, confined.

be completely eradicated.

Cham sew ban

kip

^^

cham

t'hdou

ahe"d ban kip, he cut off heads, to the amount.

A
Chak

weight tied to a net,
in

to

sink-

it

of several myriads.

down

the water.

Cham
Cham

A

MitnajDaor

•PR^,

J^ Am
El

Cham

^

'"

)|||>

»^.

^rtj.

filthy,

anything not clean.

Cham
The same
at the preceding; also, to
lip*.

Tbe name o£ ».d«viU

Cham

boil

V

sore

Cham

Anything

steeped

ot

soaked

in

Cham

To

peck at any things atabirddoes.

VV^
Cham

wiater.

To

break

;

to slander;

to speak
i,

evil

^
"W
Ay iWvia
tit

of any one.

Gn6 yew k^ng

ch&m

Cham

PyX^ |3

I.

mc;

also, to vomit.

gwd

ij/

yiw,

li

teSh sij/ je,

tai p'hwa
careful,
arise.

Cham

^

hin k'hi,

my

friend

you must be

Pointed, sharp.

for slanderous accusations are

about to

See the

/J>

^

S6ax)u gn4y.

CHAN

46

CHAN
Chan

Cham VJ

1

To

i^

stand alone, to stand long.

To

help, to assist

:

chek k'hd e chan
H)J "pT

Cham

K'heng cham

m^

Mff,

k^hai^S cham,

Chan
chiin

t'heen tey che

hwa yeuk

LJ

a ditch or moat round a city wall.
I'hee"^ ley &y hwd,
yeuk,,

then they (the

Cham

A

chisel,

to

chizel

and cut

sages)
stones.

could

assist the

regenerating and fostering

efforts of

heaven and earth.

Chan

Cham

To

cut

off,

to

file

away.

wl Jt
/ ^% 1^1

A

sacrificial

implement used

in the

ancestorial temple.

Cham
ap
ff^XTF Chan Zkl-!^
»fll

Busby, overgrown
briers.

with thorns and

Chan ^?^fy^

Vulg.

16:

to praise, to applaud,, to

commend.

To

connect, to continue, to succeed.

Chan
A cord, a
for siik.
string:

^-^—

Bo6-6ng chan T'hae-6ng, Ong-kwuy,

a general

term

'4V^%

BQn-6ng che

s5

T ^ ^ ^ y'

t^ 3E

^A2

^>

Bod-6ng kty swi Thai-

6ng, Ong-kwUy,

BAn-ong Ay sw"&, Bo6-6ng con-

Chan y^3a^ A

w
bith,

net for catching

fish.

nected the thread of succession from T'hae-6ng,

Ong-kwiiy, and Bfln-6ng.
:

See the

pp Wg Teung

Read cheng

a surname
pit

:

Cheng-choO

yQng.

'

Chan

t*T~

y*"S Cheng-sek

yew chew jeuk

The name of a

Chan
a chka.

place: four 16

make

Chan-choo 3/66"^ ch'he Chan- tek pit teSh woo chew^

kw&

Chan-cho6,

in

supporting
flesh for

Chan-sek,
him.

4

*

A

story,

an

upper
le

chamber:
bok,

yeuk

would always have wine and

See

Chan fy^tf

^^
Chan

Beng-choo.

/g
J

kiifing ch'hijen

keng seang

yitchiniog;g^|f^-M@.|E
'

^3

if-^^

"*

*''^i'''

^i'dng chin che'^d ch'heng
chit

a
A^S^

li

&y bak, teSh kSh cheu^^
see to the
still

chan dy Idou,

if

A cup

:

chew chan -/m ^g, chiw
Also written

chw''d,

you want to
le,

utmost of a thousand
another
story

a wine cup.

-^

chan.

you should

ascend

of

the gallery.
'°y*^'*'-

Chan

Pi^^t !

'^"'g- ""•

_ ^-^

Superfluous; to add-, also, oppressive,
cruel, injurious.

Chiln n-;^S^

Chan

m

To

collect,

and assemble together.

7^
it

Chek ge chea, wuy

Che

chan

mm^mzn,
k'eb

chek hae ge, se king
right,
is

chdn,

to

injure

what

called

Chdn, injurious.

CHANG
Cbin jim
to ruin.

4^

CHANG
Read chong
:

to run on a sand-bank,

Chang
To
injure

another

from

covetous

ChSn

Mis ^
ship
is

to run aground. Chfln

chong cheak
teSh,

chUn chang

the

motives.
.

aground.
.

.

%

Read

chong

:

a

mane

:

ma chong

Read cheSn: Before.

Che6n hoe

b|T

Chan

m
cMn, Jin
(instead

Chang PtfJ^.

M ^w

*"-y ''*""«^'

a horse's mane.

^>

ch&n

aou,

before and

behind.

^

Chin chew chin

yit

ma, chong j6
*

Kwun

che^Q
'^

sin bSng,

hoo cheSn
nrf

gew h5ng hay sQy
•tt
bay,

choo bSng, put ek che

yea

^

B i^^

^

j\\

M—
goo

.%. 1^*
chit

^P
hay,

jS

^p.

Chin dy chew chin

chedh

chang

ch'hin

cheo^S

dm kwAn

lin teSh

k'el)

me"&, ne6"S pSy ch&n, haou
At/ to li,

the Chin country sent in a horse, as a present,

$ai"S teSh keb me"d, b6 i ek

in a prince's

whose mane
a
bull's neck.

was like the hanging dewlap of

presence, a minister should

use his

own name
I);

of

the

personal

pronoun

and
his

in

%

^
t-—

Read chong: a
>*'>'

fish

of the southern
in its head,
gfi

a father's

presence, a son should use
is

own

Chans iTlV

which has a stone
is

name;

this

an invariable doctrine.

See the

lU\,OC^

and

called, sek

sew

JR "g
Alio
c*'*'^'"'

^ IE
Chan

Ley ke.

^
to help, to asistt.

chiSh t'ha6u hi,

stone-headed
-t-

fish.

*'

m
Hiifiy

called,

ch'hek

chong g^
fish.

Read choe:
'^^°^

Pang
''*'P

^ a^^^,
tail;

Ana Jt.

H'7/
yea,

^ ^'
aid.
-IJi

chang hi, red

^""^
.fii,--

"*""•

and

Read chong: a

t'ho£
tail

chong
of hair.

•>iil

hwuy choe gno

chefc ye4,

fi

gofi

g4n

Chang

£^
T'hofi

Vhadu chang, »

bo6 s«y put wit [pj

J^ ^ 1^ ^ ^^
ira,

chong be p'heiou
p'hed,

|||

^
for

Vhadu chang bdiy
a tax on Chinamen's
tails.

ticket
in

gu)d iy Idng,

na ti

te

gwd Ay
assist

e

M

levied

Batavia.

liy fi"

hw^a

hi,

Ho£y does not

me
he

in anything,
is

\

%

_

Read chong: a
leaves and

lofty tree,

with large

but with respect to
pleased with them.

my

words,

invariably
lun.

chang T^ •^^
I

no branches; a kind of
like a

See the

~K f^ Hay
E-

wJ^

palm,
tree.

bushy at the head,

cocoa nut

Chan

Chan

pang

a warehouse, a

store-house

'^^

Read chong: a queue or
of twisted hair.

tail,

made

Chang
Read cbong:
the

name of a

tree,


Read
chong
:

Chang

p'h6 k'b6 chok chong siiey

R7

pT*

generally,

entirely.

Chang
made up

— the hairy bark aoey,
into rain

TF r^ '^>

P'^^^y Chang cho chang

altogether.

of which can be

mantles.

It is also

used for making

Read chong:

a kind of confectionary,

brushes, trunks, and

other things.

Chang

made of

millet,

folded

up

with

sharp corners, and used, on the feast

Chang

To

pull,

to drag, to

lead.

of the 5th day of the 5th moon:

it is

aUo

called

kak

s6

m ^^> cornered

millet.

CHAOU

48
hefin

CHAOU
Read choe
:

Kk^^
Chang T^J!^

Read chong:

choi^

,^^>
chaou
fro.

To

run,

to

run away,

he&^S cliang, a part of a loom by

which the threads are separated, to admit of the shuttle passing to and

it j6choe^^ ^^MM^
Vhek kak chebn
kith,

to run quickly.

K'he kap e peng

fhwa Iwa peng

to,

j& chaou,

Read ch6ng: a bush; a numeral of

they threw away their armour,

reversed their

Chang

trees

and flowers; se chdng: igr

^
Ckadu

weapons, and

fled.

See the

Jq '^
;

Seang beng.

cKhew chdng, a bush of a
K'heng loe sey ch6ng keuk
k^hin

tree.

Read cho

:

a flea
flea.

kaou cho

a^

^,
soo

fS ^ ^ ^ ^,
chit

ka chaou, a
lay sat
-ffl*

Kaou cho cho

dy
light

loe chiiy

hafh

te

chdng kink hwa,
bush

the

dew

rested

upon the

of the

ka chaou chb soo luy

^0'^%^^^%% makes
sat ho, the flea

chrysanthemun flower.
1

a disturbance, and involves the lonse in trouble.

For the
away;

flea bites sharp,

and immediately jumps

while the lazier louse, lingering about
is

Chang

To

stab, to pierce; also, to hack.

the place,

caught and killed.
all

Said of sharp,

cunning fellows, who do

the mischief, and
it.

leave the duller ones to bear the brunt of

Wood

half burnt;
ch'hd

ch'haS chaou

^
but

Chaou

^

Chaou

a, a daughter

;

this

is

an ex-

ili
half
lighting again.

chaou, a fire brand

ChaoU
for

consumed,

and

Ji H
J\ V tm

the pression of inferiority, intimating
light esteem
;

put

by

in

which the Chinese
if

hold their daughters
the grains, or refuse, after

when asked
tS''i

they have

Read cho

got a son, they say, chaau d
daughter
I

te"a, only

a

:

chaou


Irl
)D^
/fra

brewing
bi

:

chew cho
refuse

&'
of
rice

chew
after

chaou,

the

i

\m_
*

Read cho

:

a furnace, a fire place, a

fermentation.

Chaou

-

Gwin-heen put yeem cho k'hong |5
'Ik

^^

>K

^g

cook-house.
chaau
k'ha.,
a.

Cho keak

-^

^,

l^i^i
E' ke

cooking place.
* ch"

Gwdn-hein

M

heim ehiw chaou be

me

6 d, leng

me

)^,

^^^
god
(

Jfheng, Gwftn-heen did not refuse to cut grains

and

chaff.

See the

|^ pg

Soo kd.

k'ho sSep se 6 chaou, instead of flattering the

of the south-west corner

of the house,
is

who,

JL,tL»

Chaou
for

16,

a sieve made of bamboo,,

though he

is

commonly honoured,
is it

yet held
flatter

Chaou

k|\
^J^\)^
called

straining liquor.

When

birds

in but little esteem),

not better to

dwell in caverns their retreats are

the

not god of the kitchen, (who, though

entitled

"n^ chaou,

and when in trees they are

to a constant sacrifice, yet on certain occasions
is

called .M. chftou, nests.

served

with the highest honours).

Said to

<<<

Long,

anything

that

looks

long.
-fl^

of Confucius, by one who wanted him, instead of the acknowledged princes seeking the fovour of his day, to get into the good graces of their
ministers,

Chaou

Yflng ch4ou 6 j6

ch'bfi

yeen

i

[^

^

IIIJ

iXit CT?.'

dy eKhob ji k'hea, to erect a long building and
dwell therein.

who, at times, might be cabled to do
service.

him more

See the

^ =^

Seang

lun.

CHAOU
Read cho*:
to report to the

496

CHAP
squared,
the Chinese write
in

Emperor;

the^ account

Chaou
'tbe

also, to

play music.
,

Chod k^ gak
i.y

books

3^

Chauu,

settled.

3tlX\.'
guiding

^ ^
;Jt

chabu e

gak, to play

music (of the ancient kings).
I

A
Chaou

long oar,

used for

and

T6ng-gwuy-tin

heen

sip

so5 soe,

chod

impelling

a

boat.

K'hey
se

ch'him

tfing

T-hae.chong^m^f5-t.g.lt.^

se4ng
bfln

ke£n

chauu,

wan han

?
&y

5»C

'^j

Tung-gvcuji-tin hetn chap

hang aeo"S

Cheung

J^ gC -^
efS
is

^ ^^ ^ ^ ^
til

$oi pin, chabu te"d T'hai-ehotig,

T6ng-gwDy-

p^

Jljf, k''hey

chuy ch'him sedng se&ng k'hw"i

keeps chaou,

hwui"^ han

tin presented a document,

recommending the conwhich he reported to

Che" a cheng,
observe

when

the riTcr

deep we
is

sideration of ten things,

frequently
distant

the oar y

when the temple
'

we seldom

Tha^-chong.

bear the

bell.
'

Ako
•'"

written

XS
-

chaou.
,.^
J

A nest, a bird's nest: a surname. Neaou
chadu je. fe,
iiiij

'
..i

A^>

cheabu sew, a bird's

Mod
Chaou
>,

.....i-p,,. '
;

••••'•" V -M .-I.
ahd

D

^
;

raiiddy

Ao^]ff' gif ound

nest.

Seang chea wfly chadu, hay

also, amicable.

chea'wfl, k-hwut

J:

^ ^, f.. 1^ ^
or (he

§i^

^g
wuy

)

k'hdh

kw&n dy way chd

chadu, k'hSh kit/ dy

chb k^hwut, in the higher parts

land

The Boiw of a multitude.
;

-noii'i

il. .1

B

i>

<
'.

11

they form nests, and in the lower, caTems.
the

See

J: ;^

ai5"ff Wnff.

h^ m
A
gallery, a. railing.

Chaou

The name of a
gold.

lake which produces

To

exterminate, to

kill:

y6w choey

Read

(Ifil!

J

t'han

:

to

tak^:

Chaou

B^T)

cha6usamchok;^|P|^_^^,
woo
chiiey

chadu

s^a

ehok,

being
to

criminal, the family

mutt be exterminated

Complete; chew chap

yit siiey

ip,

the third generation.

•—

An yOng

chaCu h""

^ ^ ^ ^'
is

mV)
*"" ***

J^^

ehew chap

chit hbiy,
'

on? whole

year.

teSh ckaCu chwat

pdyh lal"^, trhat

the Use of

The same

as the foregoing;
">"'"*

bwan chap

extermmatmg

the people?

Chap
of chambers
in

iw

VS.'

'^P<

fully complete.

ft ^» »» t/haou ,i|&^>L

i^L

'^

"^eep

succession

Chap cboo
ke
lejik

^^T^

a

!g|l

Jj-^

a document

:

chap

dwelling

ChaoD sIm jpv ?C, chauu

ch'hoit/, to

;.
.
;

.

-Ife

Chaou
to liquidate

^ pQ ^, M A 5^ K i^ M ^ ^
si,

a record.

LOn

b6 jin Tt'jiigsc, yin I'hiiung chap choo
''"
.

^>

'*•*"'
a,

seek after, lo search.
44>'
all

Chaou hwSn
is

ehfhai"S 4y idng Teo"S
%'

tew yin t'heUng Ay chap
fair,
'

I^

to pay

what

deficient,
is

document respecting Mrs. TSo"?, a
"

lady,

demands: when an account

w^^..

enjoyed extraordinary favpir.

.

.'*.*

^

CHAP
To
soak through, to imbibe; also,
full,

sot
sound
is

CHAY;

J

heard, uninterruptedly, within the four

Chap>

")^ ?^^ '' throughout the mind.
'ftj

*^
Chap
s!n

complete.

Kaou hwa chap heep
instruction
'

^^
chap

borders of the land.

diffused

Read
ten

sip

>

ten

men

are called one chap

;

j

.

che kan, Ch^hofe k*Kek sara

i^ P^.

in the course of twelve K'hiihye"& s^a &y toe yip,

^ 3S ^ ^> ^ "^
slip

toe^

^

of anything.
hoiy^

Sip h"6

4^

'H,
of

chap

a

mixed assortment

cftap jejrt

ty kan, CVhoi

goods; pedlar's ware.

three capital days, the Ch'hoe country conquered
cities.

Read

sip: ten; sip chea, soe

checheung

See the

Cho twan.
of

Chap
soi

bak Ay sw&h boiy, ten
is

is

the ter-

,-.'_ tiif

A

small

bamboo,

on which

mination

of

numbers: a decimal

a
liln

perfect

Chap
Se chap

the ancients used to write notes and

number.
Gofi sip

See the

Jh

pffi

^^
S

SeSng

choo.

memorandums.

Also, an early death.
for a letter.

yew gnoe jg ch8

hak

-^
'''"^^'

'\'
•'^

^^
*""

^
'^^^

§

the
ij;\j^

modern term

ffS ife "F"
P^^^^ '"^"^
twi. te

^}

^""* "*"'' ^"^

Bin put yaou chap
b6 chd »i,

'^1^^^>
twan.

tkak, at fifteen years, of age,

my mind was
Seang
lun.

the people did not come to an early

bent on learning.

See the J^l

|^
in

death.

See the

^^ ^^ Cho
a
fish

Read

cheet:

a knot

bamboo; a
CAh"

When

opens

its

mouth

to swal-

Chat
called chap: any-

verse in a chapter: a section.
chat ifl. 'nn

Chap ffffi
ch'huy
Pijj

low anything,
thing
entering

it is

economical,
''''"''

the
lips.

month.

Chap

Cheet yung, jg a^ jin
chat hwiiy

to smack

the

^ ^ M ^ A.
economical
towards others.

yung

ji seSh Hng,

in ex-

TV
Chap

m
wui^S
se

penditure, and affectionate
the

See

The

five

colours mixed together.

J: |m Seang

lun.

X
Chati

To

mix, to blend together
to

j

ch'ham chap

To

urge any one extremely,.

Chap

mix

together.

Hoo

hefin

che ch»p yea h3ng chea, t'heen tey

Kq \ Bok
chat

chek

g

ftifc cftat,

the cuttle

ft^l]^

black and yellow,

mixture of ehee"S tiy Ay seo chap, the intimates the blending of heaven
See the

^aH|l
HVV^»>|

fisb;

a certain

fish

found
bQUQs

in the east-

ern seaSv without

or

scales,

in having eight arms, and a ball of black matter

and earth together.

^

j^^

YUh

keng.

the inside, of wiich ink

is

madp.

A

chattering noise: ch'hily chap chap

kang
ckap
chattering.

l^

P pi ^
the

>

«*^

A
Chay
name of a

wooden

railing

:

yeak chay

«(

'^'"P

king,

mouth,

yehh chay, the grounds or sediment
of medicine.
Also, to examine; the

constantly

Ch6 chd chap chap che
Che l«5y

sod seng, sgang bfln

k6ng

place

:

a surname.

P| Pf It
flq
si
,

B Z f. i^ f^ n
jUng &y
ise^a, seo

j* -V
rfte"fl

chap chap jeang
lai,

Chay

To

stretch

out, to spread.

»

king iy

a chattering and busy

CHAY
Drift

51
down a
river,

CHAY
chay ioiyh ffin 6ng,
the
S''a-I6
officer

wood,

floating

Chay

upon which they

fable ithat genii ride,

named

in order to float into the

milky way,
the stars.

Tang-kong prevented and persuaded the king of
Han.
See the

or heavenly river, and thus get

among

^ Si

ke. ip^ Ko-tey

Seen chay hwan gngw
leen chay chay,

toe

^j|j

ij5 >jP Jj^

^,
Chay
The appearance of walking.

hwan

tedh go6-tadu, a gen'iai sa'iWng
star,'

on a

float,

came across the go6-ta6u

A

preparation of salted

fish

and sour
is

Chay

pi
^^l^'

Vulg. Idn:

I,

myself.

Chay

rice,

which, when cured,

put by.

for food.

'-llltir

-if

,ll(iil;-llr

ChftV

'I'V^' The name

of a

Read chea^ a
.,
.

sister

;

used in addressing

river.^

Chay*

females generally.

A,
Chay
ralhrr sour.
Tr> cut

t..,.U

The name of afrait,

like a pear, bat

This:

chijr
thi«

ko joo

^'^^

,

cW^
"""

Chay
;

Uy

jl,

character.
^

Ghiy ko jin

oE 10
down
also,

A

''*^^ ''* '^'^' "*'*

a float of drift chay

Ch»y

woodi

San bok put
*»"" '*'*^

Hj ^C
""' *°

T^ i^,
'2V

*'' '^**''*'

Chay

cut down the wood on the mountains.

See the

^% -•'^l V
I

False, deceitful; to deceive, to

tell lies.

Put gek ch4y

chiy, do not contend with

Jl]
hS,

^ i^ ^°"S C6 ^
jln

y^^S twin.
I'hccn h6

Ono bo4 j6
yfe

chiy, ji boO ^nd g* fj^

seng chay to

A 3^

jj^

^^
>M,
I

^j^
will

J^, gvd
See
thie

M U

^ ^f^, «" fe ^ |^
deceit.
It

gek

pttyh ch'h'al,

b6

gua

^ij

I'ho

^

hi iy Idng chiy chay kadu t'hee"^

not deceive you, and

a fisberinan riding on a float arrived at the

betray me.

^m
le

do not you

Cho twin.
wine; a wine-cup.

celestial river, (i. e. the

milky way).
J|iB^k^

A

vessel for holding

.

w59^

Read

chap:

to

fast;

chay

eh'hitm.

Chay .^^fc?

Keng-kcung

soo k'hat hwat, chiy

f^
U

mi

hwilQ cheep jim 'be

^ ^ ;^
want, took

Read chae: sediment; but chae

too eh'huy k'hmaM k'hiim k'hiiiyk,
lag

Vhochtw chiy
Keng-keung,
in

m^"h chay,

the sediment of anythinf .

y'ed^S hiy pun Ay chirp,

Urn

e,

S£^g j6 cheep

chae
'*

an inferior
sciing

officer,

cheang
'*"

being

thirsty,

and

^ ij M" 5¥ fR
ehap,

'l^-

"""'

''"^ '*°*

a wine cup and gathered up the juices- of horse

when

it

(the wine) was made, the grounds

dung, to drink

it.

and the liquor were mised together.

See the

Chay
Read chea
:

f^S. Aprewfor making
iff chiy.

wine

;

also written,

to indace, to persuade

;

to

Read
Chat/

chad, a debt:

ho» chad

'B

kinder, to screen; to talk
16

much, Sam-

T&ng-kong chea swat Han dng

hod chiy, to be in debt.

Pfing-lwan

*

wOy

Bchg-seftng-kwnn

sew chad
>

I-

CHAY
Pung-lwdn wuy Beng-se&ng-kwun tew
chit/ ie Seih

5^.

CHA'YH
prawns;
hence the proverb,

—s6y

boe hok

hfty

^
Chay

-H-

g

^

chay boi i hdy chb bah chew,

kok, Pang-lwan went to collect debts for Beng-

the water-mother
eyes.

makes

use

of lobsters- as

its

seang-kwun, in the SeBh country.

Also

frritten.

,\K-t To burst: ch'heiing chiy k'hd Chay •jrljj :^ ^ ch'Mttg duly k'hi, the

^ j^
gun
is

The name

.Qf;v§s'

'jv^f

-^f
Chay

burst.

Read cho:

to sit

downt ch'h6ng cho
pray
lit

WjJ^
A

0&
^
Im»
I

To

talk

much.

Chay
HI

^i"^
7^

^^L^

1^^^
cKhsh 5™

cft'/ie"acAflj^,

down.
J|^

Sek put cheng put cho
ch&'li

I^ ^K
if

^
^

,

u™

chay,
sit

the

mat

Suddenly, unexpectedly.
k(;en je

Kinijinchay

was not straight, he would not
of Confucius.

down;,

— said

Chay

choo

cheang jip 6 cheng,

|~J

\

kae yew t'hut t'hck ch'hek yin-che sim

^

^

Read chek:
-jqr
^

oblique: chpk jjni ITC

ChoJ/h
'It

//^^
'

cAa^ft^yiOT,

an oWique" sound
is

1

i§ Wi El
w5o

^

»il^

'""

^^

'-^"^

^''"^ •''^"

k'hw"d. sby k&"d chgang boiyh jip te chains,

M
iK
!'!

any sound that

not even!

The Chinese

divide the tones into pdns

Z&

poS

Chut Vhek ch'hek pin

Ay sim,
little

now

pafff, even; and chek
are very particular in

JK

cA^^ft;

oblique ; and

people were suddenly to see a
to fall
into

child about

making

their verses to

a well,

they would

all

experience

arrange the even and oblique tones pi-operly.

a feelin?

of anxiety

and
iv

coromiseratioa.

See

Thus,

in

a verse of

five

words

in

each

line,

3^
Chay

^

^^''g-fhpo, u>^

beginning with an oblique tone,

the prosody

would run

in the following

manner:
jjl^

A
A
Chay
> J>iW

pile

of stones,
fence.

put up against a

chek chek p6ng peng chek jf^
chayh chilyh

Zp,

Z^ JJ^^

wooden
camp,

paf^

pair's chUyh.

an encaniprnpntt
to

hay chay
san

p6ng peng chek chek p6ng

^^JKJK,^
,

T>

^

encamp.
|1,

Yin hong

pafS pafS

chayh chityh pai"S.
click

c

t6ng ch5y

^^
top.

J^ ^,

hwHn

pgng pgng p6ng chek

2p.

Z^^^ JZ

.

hong sw"a ting iy chay, the clpuds covered the

pafS pai^S pafS

chiyh

chilyh.

camp on the mountain

chek chek chek peng peng
chayh

jK JK,JK

^^
first.

chuyh chayh pal"^ pai"^.

ff the, verse

«

If'

A

sacrifice offered at the isnd

of the

begins with an even tone,

the coupletb must

be reversed, the two

laJst

lines

beidg put

Read

ch'hi;ak:'aspa^rolw, a small bird.

%
Chay

%

V ulg.

t'hdy,

a kind of

fish,

e^Ued

also

1^^ 1^

Wr\T

^^^ ^^
mother.

7^^:,
This

''''M
is

*<!•

» water-

Chayh
Jj/
^

Wuy
yin

chong

k'he

ch'hijak

chea,

fish

found jn the

way

eh'hew ch&ng

kw"d ch&yh

a

ay

eastern sea, in shape like a lump of dotted blood,

mei"h, chew sd lae.hMph,. iha,t.'^hi>:K,dri\es the

sometimes square,

and sometimes roandt.it has

sparrow into the woods

is

the hawk.

Seethe

no bead nor eyes, and

guided and

ftsststed

by

^

Jh

.

Seang beRg.

CHAYH
He
ch'keak hoe ch6ng

63
P?^ 0^"
*" ^^

CHE
T^
Read chwat
cheung
oflF
:

^^
to spin:

to exterminate

;

chwat

,

eUyh

d kei Chee^S chafS,

the locky sparrow

t^

to cut jj^, chiiyh ching,

calls for fair

weather.

w
-,

'<

o
/*

one's posterity.

Read chek:

h6ng chek CTj

Of, belonging to, with respect to
to,

;

to

go
it.

Chai/h

2^ c| iji*^

^
E'

to

,

p'hdng cUyh, to spin thread.

proceed

;

also,

he,

she,

ch'heuk che

Hoo cho6
kay
jfi

ch6,

y6w
e hoe jin che

che kfiw che yea, kS choo
e

chek, ke kan Kwuy-se che no^ yea

]^^^
k'h^,

kSw che

^ 3^ ^ W
is

"X^

-Itf

m
you

ktu) e,

i

gwd

ley

kay chi choo l&ng, ytte bofyk p'hdng

khih kSh ^eo^S pat ling iy ktw

e,

our

ehUyh, ke"a ni- kan

hwdn Kwiy-si Ay iBw

master's seeking (information)

perhaps different

being the bead of
still

my now

ennobled family,
it is

from (he way
if

in

which others seek it

See the

persist

in spinning thread*

to be

E

chijflng leSng jIn

che »*y <*«

feared
chief).

you

will stir

up

the anger of

j^

KwQy-si (our
;

^^^
ta

See the

Kok

ge

ji^

said

"3^ ffr

by

^

,

fhaou M», 4 liy k'hw''d

po l&ng

tiy kabu ty ttiy,. they secretly

fallowed to see

a roan to his mother.

where their husb&nds-went. See
a division of time,
chijet

A. Jlr Read

ch^et:
lefin

a

B^k

j6 che <*e §|j[

ffjj

^ )^>
one

^^ '«^

Beng-choo.

'«*"» J* *"' '•

Chayh ctIT) Km I^
y^w soo
chil
sfi

season:

^
^vjf:

,

nei"S

silently

meditating

till

ooroprebends

any-

chdyh, timcs^ and seasons.

Yit Ic&a

thing.

pat cheet

— :^

Ch'heang ch'heang hoS h* o*e
;f^ (]g

/\

j^ '(^

^

'jp]'

^,

|jj,
tias

nei"^ woo ti id pttyh shdyh, each, year

gong gong hoe b'ulyh la
going so stupidly.
All, every

Uk

k'ki,

where are you

four seasons and eight divisions of tims..

one; a surname; also,

to.

Che
To. take in the fingers.

r
Che jIn

go: che ho<

^ ^^,
all

a prince of the

Empire^

^
sirs,

A
^

cheUnglAng,

people; che kong

^k
Not
very

/^,

gentlemen.

dry

:

the appearance

of

Put k*
''^

j6 hiiey chija, pal pck che

hoA

flowing water.

#. A

^

iTJj

j|S

"g"

%^ \%y

'>"

kiySak, j«>eo hoiy

chid, piyh piyh che hot, without previous contract

The name of a

river; kiso,. the

sound

there

met together, eight hundred princes of the
Also read, choo.

of running water.

Empire.

Che

lAn

^
sit,

/-i^C Chavh-'MJ?*
/-iL«
.

^'^^ turned sour; the water which
tips

Che

fragrant.

HHj a certain flower.verj. Keen yit seen jt J'lp che

from fermenting

rice.

l&h rhe

k^w

J£ put

bflii

k' heng

Read

cheet: to cut oQ*; cbeet twin

Ch&yh

^ ^ ^,
f'hang,

k-hw''i kie"^ cut Ify

W

Id'^

-

ch'him
:e
13

t ^l, «*4y* '"m"*^. *o cut asunder.

che5"S jip che lin dy ch'hod, ko6 jS 6*"

c

e dy
like-

an

interview

with a good

man

CHE
entering a house full of- the che-Un flower, after

M
See the

CHE
Standing water tanks for holding water,
;

a time we perceive not the fragrance.

^^
cMw

in order to provide against

a drought.

Kay

g6.

wine vessel;

hong geuk

che,

k'he

EX
dj/

wuy T1iaese5ng.h6ng sSw

^ ^^ jg
rising,

To

plough.

piiey,

k'hi letiy

Vhai-seang-hong Ay tfS

Hong che
name

^
is

j|^

j

"-"'"^ >cee"S,

the

hSiy sSw, he took the pearly wine-cup, and

of a yellow wood, used

m

a

drank to the long
hfing.

life

of (his father) T'had-seangffl Han-Ko-choe.
called toe

of pulse, dye: the yellow preparation

Said of

J^

^
sit

kan

^ ^^

taou

kw"a,

ranch

used

Che

^
^
those

Vulg. ket a branch; ley che
the fruit called Litchi.
hae,

2£ i^

among
,

the Chinese,

died with this wood.

Che yeep be

pun

seen pwat

XJ ^^ 7!^ ^,
pdn
sit

Che

•^ K^

ke h'ioh bSey hae, kin

tae

±
ld6u
e,

To

stop,

to halt,

to rest,

to dwell;

only, alone.

Winjgchfe

che, j£ che

teng pwat,

the branches and
is

leaves are yet unin-

e

chiw haV'h,

if

any

one pulled him to

jured, but the root

already destroyed.
are doing

Said of
while

detain him, he would stop.

Said of L€w-hay-hwuy.

who

in

appearance

Well,

Hong neaou
USj

ch6 6 k'hew gg jg'
te

^

jJl InA fc.
the yellow

they are really ruined.

wui"" chedou haf'h

sw"a kak,

A

liml),

a member; soo che pek kwut

bird rested on the corner of the hill.

Che

It
%^
^I >

«^ kepayh kwut, the J^^ Q" 'il*, four limbs and hundred bones.

Pang ke ch'heen

16,

wiiy btn sey che
P''"S *"*
<^''«"^

M\ ^6
ch'heng

^T"
li,

\m

M ^ K.
wuy
le in

^it

Jt ,

payh sai^S sty Iwd, a district of a thousand
extent, for the people to dwell in.

An

order,

a number; also, to divide.

Che

A

surname.

Che

le

^

J|5

to regu-

I

I
1 1
"

Ke ch6

,^y^^^
Che p'hae

^
se

Jtlt,

a foundation.
lefin

T'hae

late.

^ ^^^
Yeen
Che ko

Che '^
a distinct family, a tribe.
Hffl

ch'heen pfeng, ke ch6
yit,

eng,

hwun
^

ke

ban ko6 chfln -j^

3£-

^

^ A

che

B^

rouge,

used by
lips.

Che

Y^^

Chinese ladies for reddening the
flgj

that pai"S, ke chi ch'heng nei^S

ing,-r-htiiutt yit,

Ji ^T
Sew
j6 jew

»M', ointment, salve ; che

cVhea ch'hdyh Ian hot chin,
quillity,

in the midst of tran-

the foundations of the state Jast for a

6,

hoo je geng che
<'*'*<^"' '^''''""

^-

flp

|£ Hg

thousand

years;

when

contending- interests are

fg j[(\^ 0P'

"''^""^ nooi"S nooi"S

united, the chariots and books of a dynasty are

iy cKhaou, b&h cKhin

ch'eo'*^

keen ting dy yiw,

a myriad of ages. preserved for

her hands were like soft yielding grass, and her
flesh

like

congealed

ointment.

See the

^

S^

Che

A

small island.

Kok

hong.

Jjt
Che
'T'%'* Pek che 1^

Che

It

.

the

name o£ a

fra-

The name of a

bird.

grant medicinal herb.

CHE
Che

55
sit

CHE

l^ yS^
!
its

A sweet taste:
7[\
"ti" ,

ch6 put

kam

^

p
Che

cheUh lee"S

a,"'

chae e ay Ad,

*

to eat anything sweet, and not to

know

excellence; said of those

who

are so affected

by the death of their parents,

that they

do not

Che

^ a
two
Aneun chad

/

Ch6

clieang

J^

^^

to

bold in the

hand.

Only, alone; ch6 ch'hoo leaog soo j£

^

^

p>

iH:

i^

? i £ ^'
t'e^i te"d,

'^**

know

the taste of what they
intention,

eat.

chiy no hang $o5
things,

only these

The
of

will; a decree,

an order; ch6 e

and no more.
choo, bin che hoo boe
.

^
1^

'will ^will

and

pleasure;

seng

che

an imperial decree; ch'heng che ^^k

n

^ g,

Lok che kwun

«B
boi,

D
a

to request

^ ^. ^ ^ X ff
6.y
is

'*'**"^

^'•''*"ff

*"** ^

an order.

Idng, si

pSyh tai"^ &y p3y
with no other than

A
a

prince that
finger
;

pleaded

good

sfiw

che "S.

Tn

ch'hiw ch4e,

men,

is

the father of his people.

See the

Che

>]> ^ft

%
che

V—f
r^^

finger of the band, a ring.

Che

s^

Seaou gnay.

che tedra iyi

tQ TTs So

**•*! to point out anything;
to beckon.

I%>1#

A

nankeen

colour:

che hwa poc
cloth.

^^

K'hwut che k'h6 swan
Chang swufS,

j^l I^H

"T

^
>>&

k'liwut
.

Che

^^.

'iK fli
put c

nankeen
siiet

H6ng che

bending the fingers

you can

^fS
"jS.

wfly

hok

enumerate them.

Bod bgng che ch6 ^-

^^
that

^

^Jl

^ :^ ^
'Oo ke

kwi Q^, ing
wear.

chi b6 boiyh

cH

Ay

\f{,
is,

mS''£ Ay

!"«, red and nankeen colours he would not use
for

ekie, the nameless finger;

the ring finger.

common

Said of Confucius in the

r

Siiang lOn.

Che

llappincsi, delight;

also, to stop.

V

The spokes of

a wheel

;

used for a
fing

Che TCPl m
A
toe; cheuk ch6

carriage generally.

Chin

cho6,

^

j^-,

k'ha chai"^,

\^r

\
^I'il

Eng, king che to p6ng

^^ ^C

Jl,

Che

the toes of the feet.

Lin che ch6,

^ 1^

jS

^

,

^"'' ^"f '' *^""' ^"^'

""

chin chin kong cho6

is

^ ^-

]^

^

ch'hia li loe pfc"^, Eng, the son of the king of
[/||;

:|^

Hit

iy chai''S chay chay kong choi,

Chin, descended from his carriage by the side of
the road.

the toes of the griffin have produced very
children;

many

See the rb

=^ Soo

ki.

— alluding to ^ ^ Bfln dug,
See the

who had
houg.

ninety-nine clildren.

^
;

jM Kok
ch6 ISn

Che

The

.same as

Chi
the

Jg

ch6

W
Che

^
^
l^rV
Ch'hwi-llln

A

measure of eight inches; chi ch'hek

RA /^,

in

a small degree.

name of a

fragrant herb.

Vulg. chui: paper; kirn ch6

^^
yOng

kim ckwi,

gilt paper.

Cb'hae-lfln

Che

ind of a lemon-tree, full of thorn*;
itue-trec.

»e p'hfi, kip pe poe,

g6 bong, wfly ch^

yvng eh'hBw
chwd,

p'hd(y, kap p'hwA poi, ht

Che

Cotton wadding, fur clothes; to conceal
a surname.

bang,
;

chi

Ch'hwi-lfln,

made ase of

the

bark of

trees,

and old

rags, with fishing nets; to ^

manufacture paper.

See the

>^

^

Hin

ki,

CHE
record of the
the Christian

<56

CHE
H^o ch'heem
ch6

Han
era.

dynasty,

about the time of

t[+ /^t

'Bg'^

a needle

Also written

Ss

Chi^

Ch^

RV

finger, ger,

a gi good sempstress;

the same'

t^ch.

Che

To

stop, to stay, to detai.a.

Ch^

mmm.

To

promise, to assent to.

A
Che

sister;

tae che

-^ -W^^

twa chi, a

tJyl^
'

sister's
sisters.

husband; cUe raoiiey

m^

-/ft

,

The

will,

intention,, aim, design, pur-

Che
che
tey,

pose, object;

an

historical

account.
(u>a

Jk hm

A

mat: ch'hong che

I4n e
le to,

Che
the

6

to

^^ -^
virtue,

jl

sim chb

Che
^^rt

mind bent on

W

^,

ch'M"^
is doiie

ch'heSh
in
is

ij/

lei/,

oh leap

Ap. kok gin je che "^J
u'" sujf ling

i& ="
Hm
chi,

Ung

kong, what

the land uf beds

and

kong

It

di)

why do you not
See the

mats (behind the curtain),
See the

difficult to talk about.

each

tell

IIS

of your purpose.

^

p

||^

Cho Iwan.
of the bark of

Seang

lun..

The name of a

tree,

Che

Ch^

The same

which paper

as the preceding.

is

made.

To

injure^

to.

hartj put cb£ put kfiw,

Che

To

follow

behind,

lo

come up from

Che
k'hi

h6 yung put chong

behind.

One

of the radicals.

fj
To
boili,

I^H weS,

to seethe » ch6
to

hwan

^ ^3
Che
toe

kiw

ling,

^ Wi U
p

^

lie

***
,

J|^ /^ jj^^ *"* '^'^' ^*'' **
hi,

k'hi u""

when a
their

Che

ehi pooi"^,
jefin

cook

rice.

person

does

no,t

injure

peopJe

nor seek

to5

kin

^ ^ '1 g f<.
Said by

favour, where is the place where he would not

ckt taou hi^d laou kin, in boiling pulse, to burn the pulse roots: alluding to brethren of the same
family,
Ch6-sit.

be well

off.

See the

g'm Sii^ng lOn.
yit

^

%
-J*

To

remember, to recollect; se so&

who

injure one another.

^^ ij&

Che

.52

keng bok,. teet che 6 sim,
,^?

^^
sim,

Cp

—*
*""

P'heng keng ch6
the classics and

sod.

^^

|;g

boil histories;

^ ^, —
same
as

P^l^
to seethe
too chit

S

i( 1^

^

>U"
te

'^*^*"^*

keng

kiiet/

baky cho poo ki

books

meaning, to get

and histories having once passed before
he thoroughly remembered them
in his

his eyes,

perfectly acquainted with them,

mind.
let

\ JL3
Che

A

small island, the

M;

che.

The

N^^K*
bin hwin,

i
te

d ch'ha6 hwan, « chaou S ehe

^
J^

Che

covering of a carriage,

down

in front.

Yulg. ki: a
chaou
ti chi, I

lifack

spot,

a freckle, a
ch'hit

go

to pick herbs,

Che

^
"~

"

p

^

'

mark

in the skin.

Cho koe

about the

ponds and

islands.

See the ffl

fi

Kok

iy
§S
rf.
chap

sip je hek chod ch«

^ 1;^

--t:

-J-

hong.

ii

to ch'heie

ping
ki,

dt/

twa Chiiey, woo
left

ch'hit

je-

oe I'eim

Ay

on his

thigh

Che

A

kind of

stag..

he had seventy-two black coloured spots. of the founder
01

Said

the

im Han

dynasty;

GHE
To
arrive at ; to

&7
go to the atmott ; the
hfing
e

CH^
Teo Ay ki, chSh

Hin iy

ch'heah kS, H&n-sin plucked

Che

extrerae.

Che chek
kadu tiy

^

H||

up the

standard

of Teo,

and

planted

the
'^^

red

XT*

JE

e tee ke"i' leaou,

standard of Hin.

See the

^ f^^"*
on the
;

when he arrived
the

(the old roan) was gone.
Ifln.

See

J^ |&

Seang

But kek it hoe

te che
jisin

^ |^
aou
ti

ttn\i
f?IJ

'^^^ same as the preceding.

^^ ^D M'
eki,

mei"h bat kadu kek,

hwSg

when

A
Che
consisted

present

offered

first

intro-

we obtain an

universal acquaintance with things,
to the

duction to a superior
siderable

— the roost conby

knowledge may be carried
See the

utmost extent.

^M

presents
silk

offered
the

men,

Tae hak.

of gems

and

stuffs;

inferior

Seaoujtn h&n ke, wQy put seen, boA »ey put ch^

oaes, of rare birds

and

beasts:

women brought
chi-

only
to

fh

A i ^^ ^ T^ #. M

PJr

^ _^,
kadu,

-"-'
when

chesnuts and other fruits.

Chip

CT^

S,

jin eng k^hea,

cho a"" ho, b6 tiy

u™

hold a present in the hand.

worthless people are
that which is evil,

unemployed, and begin to do
there are no lengths h>

which

The more

ferocious

they will not go.

Che
kV^yl
to -strike.

and

beasts.

among the birdi Che neaou che put kwiin

h6y, choo che6n »6 jf koc je^n

Che ,JrT^ To

<.:

he

See

*?. Chew ^^ A /M MW^X % ^ '^
pledge, a hostage
;

op^n;

also,

btng iy eheiou b6 che"d kuun, choo chtng

se

koi

Teng kaou

f,

jit»,

ferocioM birds not congregating together,
v

'^^

'he

Chew and

has been usual from former ages.

'v

%

^ *^
tlie

Teng

countries

exchanged bust»ges.

To

regulate, to adjust, to circuihscribf

.

Ch6 twin.

Cha
ji'a

to form, to make.

E' ge che soo,

i-

»., ch. Sim

gi

^ ^ f j;t
See the

ll;

Che

A

stumbling-block; to stumble

jjjjj

to regulate one's affairs by rightcousnos.,

and one's

mind by propriety.

f^ ^i

To make,

to

make up

a

garment.

Hwat
be

Seang

se.

Che

che
kira,

j'^

^,
^*K
«""

regulations.

Suy^w

Hwat ch* kim
restrictions.

leng

^^

-Sfl

^ ^^

orders and

^nt soo jIn hak chd yeen

% H ^. ^
fljf

S^
chd,

Aim

twin,

kfhim

^^M> mh
tti
fine

'"j"*""**^
iih

ling

Wet> damp)

to

mmke anything

nkoist.

although you have ever so
':ihbroidery,
learn to
is it

a

piece of em-

not
up.

neceaiary to set

people

to

make

it

See Ibe

J^ j^

Cho twin.

A

potatoe, a
or'

yam; hwan ch£

;&

^,

a foreign

sweet potatoe«r— %.t;rm of

Chg

To

faoM in

tlie

hand: used for rhc
foreign

reproach,

as

much

as to

say,,

"\do

clod-hopprr."

'''^

A

flag, a

standard. H&n-iin pwat

Teaou
Kaiy cht
fionary.
,/fli)
III ?(i

Che

chd, se

H4n

ch'hek

cM

:.

^ il ^^ ^'

^ ^ J^
^''""'" '^^^

cakes and

eoafec-

CHE
,

58

CHEAl

cheats cA^, a

Che

One

of the horary characters.

To
>

lick anything with (he tongiiel
vi'fin

P'he
;

y
I

To

dwell; ke che

ffi-

l^^

k'hfa

inp^i

j

Che

hoo seaou, chek
chek s^ hoo e

Che /\

yung che
^|5

le

tae,

to reside,

to stop, to stay.

Tfiiig

ke

kwun

•- "
Hwut L6

fh^

ma

-^

/J'*^

^|J

1^.,^^
sfij

^^.t&ng

ch'hea

haj/^h bdy, to delav the carriage and^stop the horses.

£y Idng, sey, chew chew
iiiai

ckwm^^ ywig

che ch'he"^ ; twd,

che hak, sim bo6
6,

che, je leng eiig

^ "^ /® •6 H ^ 1±. 1 ^^ |g ^J. ^i # # M
peen, chut tek chiiey

pay kap /cwun, tho.^ ^hib are vulgar
degree, 'will sbck
those sores and

seng jia jSU

fellows
lick

in a smalleir

ulcers (for gain); and
will

who

are such

•S?
km" a

A^
bd

Hwul-choi kwit Ld-cho6
sii/

&,y

hak
swUh

hu^al^ sim
biliy

in a greater degree,

murder

their parents

and

che, JS By ing pein.,

tek

sovereigns.

Said by ^?-

y^

-+• Choo-hoo-choo.

choey & sing jln,

the

^octrine» of BudJha and

To

collect;

L6-cho6

do,

not

settle the

mind, and bj enabling

che chip

|^ m,

to gather

Che

together; che leeni che sin

their votaries to effect changes, they at length give

§^

^

ofFence to the sages.

Said by,

«^ -?

Cfeao-choo.

cious minister; a scrape-alL
Chafi che chek bin san,

chae san chek bin che

Che

Che eh'heUk

Ok

r,

-t

tni'*!

k*hSbh chd hoiy, pSyh

saV^ chew sw"d,
hiiiy,

— che6"S sw"d^

che

J^

^g^
.

cft'hod t'headu,

a pillar

pdyh »ai"^ chew k'heSh cho
scrapes

when a prince

Che
in

of a house.

Teung lew

t^ che

tp

)M, 16^ *_£, leung ladu hay chedh cho
Ch'eaau,

money together, his people will disperse; but when he disperses his money, the people will
collect around him.

the middle jOf the stream, he

i>laced

a

See the

4*

^

Tae hak.

stone as a pillar.

Vulg jea:
of a lamp,

to cover over, to- conceal.

^ V

The ^ick
.^

Chea
Je^n.,teiig put
bfeng |V|^

to hinder, to obstruct, to shelter,

to

Che

if "1

chok che, yew y6w na tek

screen.

Pati-t'heaou

hok peng cbea kek jJf

*g

leimtengbS cho teem

siitiy

woo yiw

biiiyhf

anchw''d

^^
laid

-f^

^

Pdn-ChSohok peAg'jia .keky

Pan-t'heo

an ambuscade to slop and assault the enemy.
Chtia I&
ous.
firm, but n:at virtu-

iy kwui"S, when lighting a lamp,

if

you do not put

a wick to

it,

although you have

oil,

how

can

it

Chea

shine brightly.

Che

To

To
stop, to stay one's steps.

sigh, to

exclaim; an exchunationt
|l|g^

Chea

he chija pT>

alas

!

alas

t

^
Che
^Jl*

The

standing of a horsft* che pit

^.

A net
Chea
I

for catching rabbits;

iTip^ chea

5^

any place where the Eitiperor

|J^

PI

stops in travelling.

^ ^^

a rabbit's net.

GHEA

5191

CHE A
Song chea

^

^_^

That which, the
je yew
6rtg

person,,

who, what.

,

Chea

^/fe,

the mulberrj-lree;

Chea W^y^

chea, pit se j§ hoe jin

also written Affi

chiJa.

chew woo en ong t-hee"S ay
si, j-ein
fit

iff

Idng, pit tiSh chit

Kam

chea

"ft* "41;,

sugar-cane,

kam
||^

adu ey jln, even
it

if there
I'e

were a person
an age before

Chea

chea cheep k'ho gO t'hong
y4ey gi
tit

to reign,

would cerlai^ly

the people were rendered virtuous.

See

^

-^ ^ M

^

kam
^

ched dy cheep

-f-

fhi"^, the juice of the sugar-cane

may

Beng-choo.

be manufactured into sugar.
Ifing

Wfly

jin chiia,

h"6 jin, l^ng oe jin

'j-^

nUn ling, a benevolenV Ung, lyieSh ling, kwH iy

Chea
^

UJUW

Chei koe

^

chSyh koe, a par-

man
for,

alone can

properly shew

his predilections

and antipathies against, others.
Ifln.

See the

["

The bank

of a stream,

the

edge

of

=Bt Seang

Chea

water.

On

the west of

R? T* L6w-

The people of Keang

Ch ea

mother

chija;

— a wet nurse.

^

k£w, there
called a
hofi to

is

an island, called P'heng-

£j^

-JiB
is

Sip chea

1^ ^

where the water gradually

descends, and

called lok

chei

^X ^^,

'des-

cending to the water's edge:' when vessels enter by

Red.
("Ilea

Chea e

^ ^^

ted clothes, the
Sat chi-a e j6

mistake, they never return.

See the

^^
fircj

dress of

criminals.

Go£ hak

p'heen.

putchun|5,j^,^jfn;f,V(g,
l^hai

dng t^a

dj/

chbey ling ji bd ckun chat, he

^*^
i

To

roast,

to

heat by

the

chea
flesh.

killed the red apparelled criminab,

without

Chea

dis-

^-^tT^

jeuk

^

1^,

chid bah, roasted
yftng" cho,

crimination.

^^ ^fc,

Kiley chea £

siiuk

be?

Chea

M
The

Beng-choo wat, kiiey cbe4 chae |j^
Sister,

^ ^ :^
Bing-choo
said,

mother;

also,

to slight, to des/J>
-((fl
,

pise;

seaou chc4

tea ched,
sis-

kap

yefS

cho,

tiy chit dy k'hUh hi!

little sister;

chea chiia

ilQ^ flD,

kong, koiy chid chae.
dates,

Of

roasted flesh and sheep's

ters; a title

of respect, applied to young

ladies.

which
flesh
1

is

the

nicest?

Beng-choo

people of

Wl Senk

called

a mother flH chea.

roasted

Vulg.

cAeS/i: to lend, to

borrow.

Kay
kdy

\f

-

To

offfer'

up,

to depend

en, to help,
;

Chea

chi-i lap

yung

'ft
Y6wm&

^i^^f^>

Chea

__

to assist, to borrow, to lend

elegant,

chidh lai yung, to borrow for use.
chi-a j!n

|I|

polished.

chea

seng che

A

^ "^
ride.

/^ ,^ :^ '^
k'hid,

Hong

lew

wijn

cha

^ ^ \^^
'-j^

elegant

woB bdy dy Idng rheSh Idng
horses

and accomplished manners.

Ihose

who had

used

to

lend

them

to

people to

Ch'h6 16 put chei

"^

^'^ ^,

ch'haou dy

Chbd

<^M«r

Ilc3<l

$^*

'•

<^

si^rnatne.

u"

tat

chilSh,

straw shoes need not be borrowed.

-

CHE^A

na

60

CHEAH
Che»d
»«t*.^

Read cheng
if*^

:

the

first.

Cheng' gwat

Read cheng:
ch£ng

feelings,

passions;

jtti"'^

H

,

che^a goiyh, the ^rstiiionth.
fairy,

t

£Q

y^

i|^^ idng

cWu,

kindness.

Read cheng: a

an

elf:

jaou

Che^a

cheng

^

j^h^ yaou

che"a, evil genii.

Read

cheng-.

a character

in a play.

He-h&n-bQn ge hek pek seS cheng,
6 che wfly hoo hoo

Che»a

He cheng
in a play.

]^^,hi

che"a, a part
jfen

^ '^ ^ ^ ^ |^
f^'koi-Mn-bUn loo
e ehd

H6ng cheng

^

^^',^2.UA^, chwi
tSoh oe pSi/h

ang che^a, a red-faced character.
/»"

6e' cheng
character.

chi^a, kap
elf,

ang p6, K'hoe-

oe

che"a, a black-faced

han-bfln

met an

which was really a black

and

white snalie;

and they became
elfs

man and

wife together.

These

are supposed by the

Chinese to he beasts, which transform themselves
into

human

#
li

Read

chit

:K'haou

chit

^ M-,

k'ha

cheilh,

the back, the back-bone.

L6

k'he Cheng chit

^^j£^^fc„^
never eat the middle

shape, for the purposes of mischief.

u"" lei^Sh che^tl cheah,

of the back of a fox.

%^M^

Tasteless.; Tasteless,;

ch'hoo but

che"a chij^a

Che"a
in
it.

chej/

Uy mei"h

Read chek:

single, only one,

one; a

che^d che"a, this thin has no taste ing

Chedh
ch'hwSn

numeral
chit

;

yit

chek gnSw

—. <^ /t
Yit chek

chedh j|g,

gSo, a cow.
chit

^5
Che^a

^^^ft

Read cheng:

right,

square, correct,

<^^^^^

% t^

proper; soo cheng

^ j£,

^

chedh

chiln,

one

ship.

se

che^i
Pfing

four square, in proper Order.

Read chek: a

trace;

cVeuk chek

cheng Z:^ j£^ paf^ chg^H, just. Yew tae j!n chea cheng ke, j6 but cheng chea

Cheah

JP
yea

^^

1

t'Aa chedh, a foot-step. 3|£^

Leiik

keng seen *ng che

tin

chek

^

woo twi ling &y ling tae seng

che^i.

ka
is

le,

jt

seen ing

dy hod ehSih, the
traces of the

six

classics contain

pat ling chew che^a, wherever there

a great

the ancient

former kings.

See

man, be

first

corrects himself, and then others

will be coxrected b^ bim.

See

j>

3?

Wt -^
TV

Chong-choo.

Hay-beng.

Read «6ng:

to perfect, to complete, to

J^^^
Chtiah

Read

siti

to eat; sit

hwan >i

Che^a

adjust, to finish,

8€ng

biit

jfi
Sfing jiH

K^ Mt,

che"i

meS''h,

lo perfect anj-thing,

W^
kong

^f^

chedh poofs, to eat rice. Chin-Bun-

^""S

•''hit sit

c

gnoe lok che yea,

to complete a thing.

yea jin e che k'hwae

^ "^ ^ ^ ^ '^
Bfin
to

J^J^y
for

cke''d{dng, to

become • man ;
k'h(t cheilh te chit

to be

fit

something.

goe ISh dy yea, yid dy Idng
the

Bo6 soo chae jSn, sgng soo chae t'heen |tt

/^ A. JsJi
men,

^ ^ ^,

^

hoi

e

ley

eho6,

duke of Chin,

"^

"^^"" '""

'^*°« '^'^>

begged
desert,

for something

eat in the five-tta'

che"d too chae ekee"S, to plan affairs rests with

when

the wild people gave

him s lump

but to complete

them

rests

with heaven.

of earth.

See tbe

/^

^

Cbo.tw«a.

^EAK
'

^
b6'

CHEANG

Si't

put ge

^

/j^

never spoke while
'"«''«

— Said eating.

=E^ cheih

iing

via,

he

^^
Cheak

To

bite, to

gnaw, to eat

;

choe cheak
,

of Confucius,

^WL
^^
A

^''°° be

^%%
To

Pl P§ J^ g^
of anything.

to

try

LQn-g6.

the

taste

Cheak
Cheak
burn,
to

light,

a. fire,

a lighted torch.

wasl.

Bo6y

cheak

Cheak
Put

jS

;$^,

W"

""f.
in

a

Cheak

To

cut,, to

hack.

match-maker, a go-between,
to

order

make up

marriages.

t'hae bbfiy chijak che gdn

^^^
<Jy tea,

The
jj^

string of a

bow;

to fasten the

J^ g",
K

u'" «ng- I'hae

Ad™ Mng

without

string on a buw.

waiting for the mediation of the matchrraaker.
A.

Vulg. tUSh: to clothe,. to put on; also

handful, a ladle-full.

Yit cheak

added

to

verbs,
.

to

signify

their

Cheak

^^
y0
of water.

^^y
chit

^^^^

—^l^X^y
a handful
right,
yes.

Uking

effect;

also,—ought, should,

chKak ckdy iy ckiy,

Cb£ak
Piiey

e sok tae

Cheak

^
"^^m
-p-Jl

cheak

J^T,

ia^

a wooden, clip

hih twi, to put on clothes, and bind on a girdle.

or bowl, for holding wine.

K'bin cheak
sight of.

^ ^ ^ >^, ^^
A'Ate^d
^

ch'heng $"a

tUBh,

to

get a

Cheak

k'P/^
you

^j

hurried, off

ftie's

guard.
'««* »*

ChiA
flower, used in medicine.

so6 lo6 chafi
slave,

M
cWir,
to

^^
bfln

j^i

-^

'

chat,

you ought

to die

!

Cheat chew

g^ ^^

/!„
^

Cheak

jjO— I ' >#
Cheak. chek
ehiu)
t'iSh

pour out wine. Chim cheak
to consider, to
sfty
.

Mg^^
cUak
,

Cheang ch'hae

j^

-JE-

variegated

weigh a matter.
^ij

Cheang
cheang koo

colours;

chiiang

"^ [^

'

seen

g^

^
in

^J^

che

chutf.

i taiteng,

pouring out
first?

W^

bUtt cheo"^,
,

literary

composition;

chapters

and

sections.

wine, for

whom

should

we pour out

\ surname. Hw4n hoe kfi y6w bOn

chiiang

Sheak

%}r \/\
fgy
-J

^"

'"'

asunder

with a knife,

to

^^
how
Said

j^"^^^
/fl„.

>

fling

kwu^

hoe, e

ig woo bdn cheang,

hew

d,own.

splendid were his literary accomplishments!

Chew cheak
kwan cheak
rank,
office.

of.^

Geiou,

in the

Cheak

g^ Y^

)g ^^ '^ 1^

a

J; |^ aeo"S
yi-a,

wine-cup;
cheak.

Kwun choo

che chi 6 to

put s*ng cheang

,

kw^a

Y6w

rheen cheak

^3^,
chi-a,

put^^ZJL^i^^^^-^^|. twi iy
*"«"» choi

tim ehi

ti to,

fi™

y6w j!n cheak

chija

^ 5^ f #. ^ A 1^ 4.
c*ea/f ijr ling,

che"i cheats a^" noih, the good man, in bending,
his attention

«'"'"'*-'"^
there are

towards sound doctrine, does not

woo ling cheak Ay
rank, and

ling,

stop

till

men of celestial

he has finished the chapter.

See the

men of human

rank.

~|>

^

Hay

bcng.

^)1E4NG
Koe cheang "bx vMi
_'«»«

1^
kaj/

cmrn^
Vulg. cheo"S:
tl)ick water,

kw^a,

congee,

Chean»' o
1

a husband's parents.

Ch'heep ^in

C heang
cheang iSK

syrup;

be6n

cheang

^ffl
;

a^
ye&

be hwiin bfing, ho e pae koe cheang

mie"S cheats, leaven, yeast

^

^

yed cheo"S^ cocoa-nut mitk.
,

&u

sin

yea

bSet/

hwun

bing, bSiyh an chw^d
is

ey

B6

chijang

^^ ^^
A

*^ cheo"^, Ticf water.

pai twi kay kw^a, tefore ray perso^
bited,

exhi-

precious stone, a kind of half

how

can

1

pay

my

respects

to

my

husband's parents?
veiled),

— Said by a young bride (when
dwejling.

gem. Long cheang aS. Jja^ a son.

«n entering her husband's

£

cheang-

^^ j^

t^e camphor

Cheang

Cheang

hflng

^S

f^,

fcar^

alarm

tree.

trepidation.

To

display, to

illustrate-;
,

chei^ng
clearly.

A

«nall kind of stag, without horns.

Cheang

^«>
/h" *&" fSj

hing

0A QH

to shew

Cheang k'hwat yew seftng
cheang b6ng e iy woo

g^ ^r
to

fc'eng s'edng,

illustrate his possession

of fonetancy.

See the

Cheang H| rrf

JT%
A

Q

K!¥
a pomfret
fish.

».,»

'

g:

Seo^S

te.

small kind of locust, of a green
Igfe

The name of a

river;

Cheang-chew
district

colour; cheang ch6 H|^
chi, a toad.

cheats

Cheang^
keen, where
tlie

the
in the province

name of a
of
ijjS

'v

"^k

Hokthis

Vulg. keo^S: a small kind of deer,

dialect

is

^oken which
>'
' •

r^^y^

very handsome; an antelope.

Dictionary
>'M

is

intended to illustrate.
,-wi,i'
11"''

iM

J"._[:'

i:'[

•:

Shall, will, atiout to be; to take,

Chew cheang P^
insane,

deceitfal;

Pi

Cheang
yei,

to undertake.

Cheang jip bAn,
wat,

mai.

<h*hek k6

mi

hwuy kam hoe
f^^

mk

put chin yea

^^
iy
se

f^^^
Cheang
king,
chin

Vulg, cKeoV'. the palm of the hand;
to

hold

in

the

hand;

cheang

biiiyh jip
se

moof^
tiij/

p'hSh e
aon,

bay,

u™
cheang
le

kwan

gwe k^i

bay u""

ke''d,

when about to enter
Confucius whipped

the gate (after a defeat),
hi« horse eayiug,
it is it is

not

that I dare to be behind-hand,

because

my
^r

iiP

^^ K6 ^ H ^ f-. to ^ ^.
^

^ J^^

^

'H*, to manage, to rule;
to

regulate: s6w cheing

cKhiw cheats, the palm of the hand.
kfi

jfi

se

choo soo hoe, che

cheang
'''^^

^t

^^'W"

horse will not go.

See the _£^

§«

Seang

lun.

cheo^^ Whw^a chey
it

liy,

ki e iy ch'hiw chei"?,

T'heen cheang

6

hoo-choo wfly bok tok

would be

as easy as

looking at this (said

Confucius), pointing tp ^is hand,
botyh leak Ian dy hoo-choo chd bok tok, heaven
is

Pv%
Cheang /I
I

A

surname.

3;

jf* Bepg-cho6'«

about to take our master and make him
(

mother's family napue was Cheang

ao alarm

to the world

).

See the same.

CHEANG
Cheang
Vulg. cheo^: » Mrname.

63
Hin-sita

CHEAOU
into

the

office

of

fr&t General.

See the

^ p^

Soe

k^.

Cheang k'hwin

^

Wj,

to exhort,

Cheang

l

Uy^^ A

lofty

and precipitous mountain.

Cheang
apj^lawd.

to induce, to persuade.

P5 cbeing

^^ ^^

s

P* c*«fi'V, to praise, to

To
Cheslng

limit,

to separate,

to

divide

by a partition.

P£ng cheiog
s>

Vulg. cheo^, aa oars ko cheang

Wr
partition.

1>W

'

J*^"

<^^'i'f'

screen, a

Cheang
oar,

t

W

che6''S,

to

pull an

or rather to push over the

Chin Se-h6ng teuk t6ng chiiang, eteuk jeQng

oar, according to the Chinese manner.

Keen choo t5ng song cheang, ch'huy song

Chin Si-h£ng k'hi ting chedng, i kw"* jeAng

t.ikch.hewla8)|g^-^f

^^^
fi"*

^.|^^
the boat
is

bran

ij/

lAng, the first

Emperor «t

the Chin

c/tjJn
>

d iti
16

ntl

ty «hi6"S, ch'huy
if

dynasty, built a defence, to keep out the western

ting

»ai

hmdn

bd U6,

barbariaK.

provided
it

with a pair of oars, when pushing
fce

along you need not

anxious about
*

it's

Chean£

^^XC»

A.

kind of epidemic disease, called

not coming.

W^T"
to advance,

J}^
Che&ng

"Iso

^W JK

chi-ang ley.

Chean

Cheang chin
to get

-^ 5^

,

One of

the radical*.

forward in the world.

;H
^ip
Read ho«:
Ip^ M

M^T==|

Toe cheing -^
cheing

TlV *

^
,

S
,

-4V
to carry on the back,
to carry pick-a-back.

taiu ehed'S,

ketchup made of pulse.

See"?
all

Chiang

Kiiing hoo

g^ -^

.ea'f chtd't,

^JF^
^R
Tfl
,

kC cho6 chei yea

;^

^ J^

IJl

kinds of pickles and sauces.

f Ao kin cKiing e iy ki^a, to carrj

Put tek kS

chiiing put
«''

sit

^ i^ 1£ ^
in

a child in a cloth over the back.

_t.

7R ft
if

*'^
.

t€3h e 4y ckgi'V S'"chekh,

he did not get the proper sauce to anything,

Cheaoii

Anything burnt black

in

the

fire.

he would not eat it.— Said of Confuclns,
»•«»

A

surname.

±
,^ I

Ira

SSang

iBn.

Cheing so^y 7}^

^

Keng cheaou
• General^

keng cheo,

Cheaou

a plantain, a banana.

Pa cheaou
H--

Ch'eShg

issimo;
J

Ui cheing kwun JU

fl8t

4 ^VS

l«w p'heen
chit

li-u'k

a great General; the middle

^^ g
lek,

flqge»

is

also called

^ |^
tftn,

^,

pa cheo la6u

p'hei^

the planUin

chi-ing cht.

leaf spreads a broad patch

of green.

Hiu Ko.ch6e

teuk

pae

HtD-sin

wOy

Chew Bok 6Bg hok

che i cheaou

S

i|^

^P

ii»

K ^^

*•« <!«»
.

Emperor of
upon which he

the

Hin

cheo heSh,
it

Bok, the king of Chew, covered
leaf.

dyowty

built a terrace,

installed

with a plantaia

CHEAOU
Hod cheaou QH >^
ha6 cheo, pep-

m
Cheaou ^J"
| |

CHEAOU

Cheaou

per.

ch'he

kfi

Hong hoe 6 cheaou to6 pek, wun yea |^ jS JM f^jjr
;'^ -1^
,

Distant; also, te

urge.

1^.

^^

*''"ff

*»« the

'''«'

''"^

cAeo bwSh peih, cKhi e

i.y

seo,
in

empress

Cheaou

Cheaou ggaou
also,

^^

|||S, lofty, hilly
kill.

;

rubbed the walls with pepper,
herself of the

order to'avail
the idea that

the peak of a

warmths

— (from

Clear,

evident;

che£m suy hok

e,

pepper warms the outside as well us the inside
of the body.)

Cheaou

ek k'hong che cheaou

Jg

Stt /4r

^.
three divisions
r

Sam cheaou '^ B^^
Cljiiiaou
II

suyjiin bat, yea chin chae cheaou b^ng, although
they
dive

^ IL ^
(into

i^>

'^^"^ '*•* ^'^"^

of the body

viz.

from the head
to

down,

the

water)

ever so

I k^

t<>

the heart,

from the heart
ta the

deep, yet they are ver.y visible.
in

Said of fishes

the navel,

and from the navel
to.

a clear pond.

See the

feet.
is

"jv

5p Tae

gniy.

According
oesophagus,

others,

the cheaou

HII

the

To

steal

the upper

part

being reckoned
the second,

Cheaou
to

a glance with, the

ejes,

look askance.

from the heart

to the stomach, to the navel,

from the stomuch

and the third

*
A
pond a round pool
:

is.

called

from the navel to the bladder.

Cheaou:

Cheaou

n
men,
-,

Yulg.
to.

ch'eo:

to ca}1
'Ho

with the hand;

/ A>r v3
tA
^21

^

tg, .

one

not, straight,

^

cheaou.

Ong

lip 6

cheaou seang "^^ Up
te

jj

beckon,

assemble.

Cheaou

r

6ng k'hia

cheaou pee^,

heSn lap soo

^1"^

f^

|5^

i>

«'«<'

the king was standing by the side of the pond.

gadu lingy

kwi sew thak ch'hayh

l&ng,

to

See the

J^

assemble clever people, and to receive learned

^
hoo

Se'ang beng.
sister;

— (in order to form a
examine

Read ch£: an elder

eUsieusister's

party,

and strengthen

one's intcFests.)'

Chddou
clearly;- intelligence;:

i$
my kip
and
then

-flth

.^r

J

an

elder

husband.

Cheaou

y^^f» To
Iv'^VJ

BuBt gnd, choQ koe,, sQy kip pek che

RB ^?
aunts,
sister.

cheaou ge3.ou

ra
-jaSI

a dwarf.

kabu twa

chi,

he a^ked after

my

Bright, xlear, to display, to illustrate.

Cheaou Wl^Ar
f-^
Bok.

Cheaou bok

^
is

enquired

about my. elder

the

See the

order, of generation,

the father's

^^

Wiiey hong.
a bird^, ne&ou
che

contemporaries being called ChSaou, and the
son's

Read neapu:

The second
bok.

word

otherwise

Cheat eaou
ifM^^yt,

cheang soo, k€ bSng yea ae, jin
che cheang soo, kS
giti yea.

seen

written

*^

BQn-6ng chae seang, oe cheaou

6 t'heen
re

'yt

i
btn,

jfe

±. ;^

^

f- 7C' ^''^"S
Bfln-6ng
is

ling

A/if

Jal

g

-HI ^§j^ cheaou ktou baiyh

si,

e

lu>a ch'eb te

t'hee^S,

highly

iy hdou ae ch'him,

—tdng

kiou- boiyh
is

se,

e dy
it's

exalted, — how brilliant

even to the

skies.

See

kong
voice

via, hd,

when a

bird

about to die

the

-^

H

Tae

gn4y.

is

lamentable, and

when mea

are about

CHEAOU
to die their words are

65
good
See the

CHEAOUH

^E PP
CheaOU

Lun-ee. °
Vulg. ched
:

Cheaou
to display, to illustrate,
;

^EM
'*^

jff^y^

%ieaou

chuy

|^

ij§

'

grieved,
lean,
c-

wearied out,
maciated.

tired

of;

V^\

Bin che cheftou chuy e
s6

geak cheng, be jew sim 6 ch'hoo

chea yea

iJ'a

to "eflect, to illdmine
to.

according

^YV^

Bgng gwat seflng kan cheaou,
s'eiing

ch'heng chwin sek

ISw

^^
chw"&

^ti

f^

iHi

^ ^ -E

.

'^*''

"'"^ ^^

*"''"

'^ ''"

geak iy ching

sod,

boey woo k'hih

cKhim

t chey

cKhing kan ched,
ting
Idott,

ch'heng

it/

te

cheSh
firs,

iiy

U, the people have never been more wearied
this

the clear

moon shining among the

out with oppressive government, than at
present time.

and the limpid stream flowing over the

stones.

See

*e J^ |j^

Seinff bfng.

Tae
yjt

jln

Viy
^

bfing €

cheiou
stDit jit

;^
(

A ^ ^^
iy bing,
is

Pin

twa Idng

go'iyh

i
)

chid kwid'S, the great

man

that

the sage

Cheaou

njj^ it f~T

MCC

Cheaou chuy
,

fS

^,

grieved to

. . the , heart, vexed.

connects the brilliancy of the sun and moon,
in

order to illumine the world.

^
Chelou
an
order
iin

»fc

A

chamber on the top of a

city

To

walk quickly, and in a hurried

Cheaou
_

manner.

STpt QAkk
te

'*""
seang,

^°^

^^^^

cheaou
sit

loe

kim b«ng s^k

toung

To

inform;

a decree,

Cheaou

^X^
1^
bfln

from the Emperor.

Kwun

chUou

ladu

chio"S, /dm haou te ckidh
the

teung
ch'hed lae, the

drum sounds upon
and the metal

chamber
the

ym

bQn cheing kwun che bcng, put

fheen choo cheiou

^ ^
tf?

of the citadel,
ntidst

rings in

'|^ !|^

of the itone-built dwelling.

I'he^a

cheing kwun ty bing,
in the

bS

fhe^a hdng
to the

tiy iy cheiou,

army we attend

Chieaou

The name

of a small bird.

orders of the general, and not to the decrees

of the Emperor.

See lie

]^

^

JLPh^

Chiiaou
<:"''«^''

hoo
;|^,

^ K6e ^
a
,

bfln.

*»"«•-

Cheiou ^fnSm

^heftou hoo ch'heaou soo
,

^\V^
Ung man
ch'hed

/|i

^^±

'*«"* ^A'*^ ^H

I'hak

ch'hiyh Ay ling, the wood-

smiles at the scholar.

Cheaou

To

gnaw, to

bite,

to chew.

Cboo-ma6-sin che&ou ch'hae wfly hwat

^
Cho
chijaou
-li^

cKhA

<'»in chHh,

" Choo-mae-sin used to cut
;"

gS

f*d
^

cAM, to

and collect wood, for a livelihood
wards he attained to high rank.

— but after-

Cheaou yi| t'i*-,
V

perform a

sacrifice,

and

to have a

religious procession.

*
Cheaoiih

Cheiou

rlH^

To

steal

a glance.

•#

The

chirping of birds.

CHEEM
-k

Che^h

66

CHEEM

^

Read

leep: to fold: leep ch6

;

Cheem

cheih chwd, to fold paper.

m
i—
C?

To

stand in waiting

;

to stand awry.

To

look

up

at,

to

Read cheep:

contemplate.

to receive: geng cheep
cheeh,

Chee m

Cheem che chae

che6n, hwut jeSn

Cheek

J^ ^^

,

Se"d

to

meet,

to

welcome.

T'haS jin cheep k'hek

f^ A ^ ^,

^
*'*""«»

chaeho5p)|;^^|fj-.^^^^
'^'"""^ '^*""
"^

1^'
te

'^

t'hauu ching,

hwut

jein

aau,

(the

doctrine of Confucius) apat
it,

Chae ling, cheih Idng ft'M^A,

to treat people

pears,

when looking

and receive

to be before us, and
;

visitors.

Ch'hoe kong cheep ^

^

fit
a

^ Mj
madman

then suddenly seems behind us again
ch'hoe

(meanino-

that

it

embraces a variety of objects).

dy gong Idng chelh cKhea,

of the

Ch'ho6 couDtry met the carriage (of Confucius).

To

speak much, verbose.

A surname.
to

Cheem
Cheeh

Ge gan cheem cheem, h6 kl

yea

^

The

chirping of insects; the squeak-

ing of mice.

king wa cheem cheem, s"a soa kaiu he&h

your talk

is

quite verbose

— why so mucb of
a
point.

chaif,
it.>

Ckelh

1

Lwan

cheet

|^

^

,

nooi^S cheih,

a buil on the neck, or head.

Cheem

^i
of a
hill.

Pointed, sharp, of a conical shape

;

coming
I'l

to

San cheem

J.

^^*
Cheek

Read

^^>

sti>"a

che€m, the sharp peak

seet:

the tongue:

sect

keng

'

-m

"S* *tf

yung chekh chSh cKh&Vy to
i.

plough with the tongue,

e.

to

Cheem

follow the occupation of a school-master.

Sod put

k'ip

seet

^^^
See the
to

"j§*

,

«* cheah

bay

n
bd

A

needle

;

sew cheem <j^
Bii6

4-J-^

{„,

work with a needle^
put yin seen
til

cheem

M

cMem

jeuk hSy kaiu

bey yin

sw"d[,
;

||- ^j^ ^j j^^, without a needle we

ch'hAjf cheih,

four horses cannot

cannot draw the thread
overtake the tongue.

T> ^^ Hay

—(meaning, that without
into the

iDn.

an introduction,

we cannot get

ac-

quaintance of people.

Read

cheat:

break; cheet cheet

Cheek
oft

Im'

"' ''*^^*> t" break in two.

To

cover, a thatched covering for
;

Cheem
to find out by divination,

a collage

a straw bed used

when

2p:

To divine,

mourning.

Cheem
fe^a le"a,

to prognosticate.

Put chijem jg

e e

Cheem

The name of a

large fish, with hand*

/^^

F^

ifn

E,

^'

«*"

pok kwi
all.

you have not divined,
|j& Hay
iun.

that is

to
.

under, the belly.

See the "F»

The blowing of

the wind

;

to blow.

Cheem

Long tong

yfiw

hong

chefira,

seng

Cheem

tt

To

look on.

he kean gwat bfing

4i |{|j Mi

.^1

^' ^

^^

^Jj

^^

**"

tang yew kong

CHEEM
cVhoey, cVhaf'S ched toe si k'hw^i kei^S gSigh
ktvui"^' the waves are agitated, because the wind

67

CHEEN
divided iat» long and short,difiicult,
affairs

are

some

and some easy.
Gradual, gradually, by degrees, step

blows, and the stars appear few,

because the

moon

shine» bright.

Cheem
i']

by step.
tong,

Chin gS jin

to t6

gwSn
iBl

To

cheem jip kay keng

Cheem

£
I&
r^ "S*

poMess alone, to excel competito top the whole, to be the

-j-j*

tors,
first.

^ U W, 1. MK^^>
iy
I'hd

'''" ''^""

Boey che^m pek hwa k*hoey
'^'"

W

iy lAng, kaiu

ti

gwin

tang,

chiim

^ ^.
to ride

" ^*^^"' '**"'' f"^''

jip kadu ho kin;;, a fisherman of the nasty, arriving at the

Chin dy-

hwa iy ChaSu, the plum blossom stands out
as the head of a

"Peach fountain" cavern,

hundred

flowers.

gradually entered, the fairy land.

GO

t'ho6 t<>k clii-em

^ S^ ^^
on
the

llj.

^^

''*"''"

lok cheim,

head of the sea
that
is,

Cheem

To

sell,

to sell again.

monster,

alone distinguished;

tei^na

cb6ng gw4n
to

tp

.J|^-

y^^

tSimg chekng gwdni

atUin the highest literary rank.

Tun

cheen ffi

W,

diflSculty,

ina-

bility

to proceed.

•eSm^ to bide under water, ^iTfZf> ^"'S*

Cheem

^vnT
4
den
;

*"'""'^'" YangJv'heche6mch0ng
Rn.

JPl
e.

:s

m
is

^y-

To

enter, to advance.

Igim k'hi"^, the influt^nccs of the suo are hidi.

tlie

sun

set

See the

^|

a:

Tun cheen
Clieen
getting
rassed.

ji^

-j^g,

difficulty

of
bar-

ySih keng.

forward,

hampered,

G& cheem
Iwi
te chdj/

chae cho
ch'hadu,

^^ J^ A^
dive

jSJL^

h£ item

tlie fishes

down among

A
Cheen

bird of prey, a

hawk

:

wQy chdng

the weeds.

See the

|4t

|^

So keng.

k'he ch'hcak chcA, cheen yc4, ^BL

^

—^

.^

To
in

steep

anything

in

hot

water,

chdng
order to get
off Ibe bair; to
boil

kw"d
little

chdyh

d,

tl

chien
is

y'ei,

what

Cheem •Jrt|A
y*">J
Gnoe
5G:
jit,

to

drives

birds into the woods,

the hawk.

warm anything;
chek cheCui

water.
yiiuk

fhong ch'h£ng

Soft hair or wool,

worked up

into

^'^j" """' "''" H'J i^j tt )^'^ ie"4 leo ch^y, ch'hi"u ching ck, after five days,
(

B

Cheen

^tf_pr

doth: cheen

teaouf^ji^,
a blanket
;
<

cAc*^
bo.

^^

tiiou, ti&ou, a carpet,

cheen

the

new married
invite
(

wife

)

must warm tome water,
)

and

her husband's parents

tu

liathe.

The same

as.

the

preceding: £ l"i
Fjvj

A
Cheem
yl
soo

short time, not long
Hi)',

.-

chgem s&
Sfi

Cheen

y4ng

m6

plieen p'hein cheen

P""*

tempore.
Iftn

hwun
yed'V md, kadu
che''i p'hei'V che''d

k6w cheem, Roo y6w

e

B4 Ar

p'he^ iy
till
it

^
ttioa

So.
6h

fll

pre

Sf^

at

hwun koi kwi cheem,

chee^St the rain beats the sheep's wool,

kwi

k'htvaiy

times and seasons are

foims into flakes of

felt.

CHEEN
Cheen

68

CHEEN
To
cut with a
scistors
;

kaou cheen

ifll^ A
j>»

large kind of

fish.

Cheen

|9 1 1
'[^J
•W
leap

%

_

Thick rice-water, congee; the thick
is

^ ^> Y6w

*" chein, a pair of scissors.

ae le peng cheen che beaou
""*" "^

Cheen

alHf
y^ r'»

called cheen

g&^ and

the thin

^ M 4f ^ ^
Ae

'f^'
ho,
it

^'^ ^^
all

'^^

cheuk 5n,

peng kay Ay chein iy

has

the
scis-

rnoiity.

excellent qualities of

files,

and Peng

Cheen

^
%_

A

certain fragrant

wood

s

also called
''''"'"'*

/*%

sors.

— Ae
is

t'hSn heang

bok

f^ ^

and Peng were the most celebrated
files,

/JC.

jnakers of scissors and
sion

and

this expres-

heo"^ ch'ha, a kind of sandal-wood.
used in
people.

used

to intimate

the

sharp,

cutting

*^ A flag with a crooked
Cheen
summoning
the

sUff,

nature of good literary compositions.

common

Se jln e cheen
cKiUng lAng tSSh
feiiou e i cheen,

f,

/\^

^ f^,

Shallow, not deep, applied to car-

Cheeu
riages.

people in general
with a crooked

must be summoned by a
staff

flag,

Prepared,

anything
:

prepared,

a

See

"^

IX- Beng-choo,
cook, to fry
:

Cheen
r-^j^

plan or view

to

number, to adjust.

E

hoe sam choo chea che cheen
'-"

_ Y^r- To

boil, to

cheen tSy

^^

(^heen

0|l
tr^rVS

-^^ chw^aUy,
ce HlT ft

to boil tea; cheen
fish.

•^ f^a
of those

H T- * Z #,
how
three

*-"^

""""

long dy ehien,

different

from the views

cheen hi, to fry

gentlemen!

See the

~p

|jm

Loey yung cheang cheen ho che sao |a1

^p

^ 5^ ^ ^
kwan chw^a kap
yung
officer

Jiiy lan.

"^ ''^"'' "''^""^ -^^^ '"^^ *'""^
t'eaou

hd

dy

sod,

the

A
Cheen

scaffold,

Loeyof
xhijen to

a temporary erection

:

superintended

the

business

T^ jW,
swat

temporary roads.

the food. boiling and preparing

Teang-leing
chwat chgen t5
public docu-

Han 6ng

scaou

Cheen pe&ou

^

5|

^^ji

^ fl; J^ 3E 'B ^ ^
s'eo

5^
chin

TSo"S-l^dng k'hwui^S ffin ong
to,

tooi'V

Cheen

ment; bamboo
ciently

slips,

which were an-

Teo"S-leang advised the king of Han
the temporary roads.

used for books.

to burn and destroy

Cheen

Ik'^

1^
i^\S
•^^Ki
.

wood. Fragrant, scented

To

tread upon, to walk over

:

cheen

Cheen
To
see
clearly
;

gin

"="
jfe( i.

tdh wd, to tread one's
to fulfil one's engage-

words,
.also,

e.

small

a.nd

Cheen
shallow.

ments

).

Cheen
also,

kfi

wOy, hfing

k^ 16y,

choe k« gak

The

smell of mutton

<

mutton
dy way, ke"d
walk
in their

Cheen
fat,

e

dy

Ity,

chilou

e

dy gak,

" to

ways, to practise their ceremonies,

>
Cbcjen

A

thread to sew with

t

putchwatj^
"6

and to play their music."'
by
posterity
filial

— This

when

.done
is

cheen

J^ |g ^q ||,
ched''S sw"a,

ioof^

towards
piety.

their

ancestors,

the

M^^\^

cKMn

unbroken, like

height of
yflng.

See the ffa

^

Teung

a continued thread.

CHEEN
Che6n
I'heen

69

CHEEN
ckw^i tvS 8ng, "
of
I.

choo wuy

yijen

^ ^ -^
:

\u,

beg leave to take the blond
it

J^

tih

hdng tiy iy wuy, to take upon one'srank of an Emperor.

my

neck and splash

over your majesty."

'self the

A
a part-

desperate

expression of

oM

jpa "UQ

Lin-

Cheen

A

seang-j6.
glass

drank at parting

ing feast.

Cheett

^ ^ pJa^
}f

Again,

as before:
'^'^9

sfiy

cheen chi
koii

:JJI^f^^,
A-dou,

chHou

kSh

\>J^

water flowing against the same

Cheen

Happy, hicky

;

to exhaust.

glace.

See the

Sj

^
''*^*
,

VUh-keng.

To cut off: * W^^
I

6

koe

ehefia beet ch'hoo,

Cbeea

III

j^te4ousit

^^^i^lft:
povW,
I will just

v^5y» Cheen "pjlP
|>| -^
M-n.

Vulg: chei'^, an arrow: sea.cheen
jjf ff arrow.

chei^, to shoot an
yit

Seet-jln-kwily

cheen

Kwun-san

chiy Uy.ji cheik

cU

k'hi

'^

cut off and exterminate this country, and then

^J
tm''a,

Seih-jln-kwHy chit ke chei'V an te^a Kwun-

^ t 1 )£ W
"^
See the
db^

SeSh-jIn-kwdy with one arrow pacified

go to breakfast.
the region of Kwun-sw''a.

=P

So6

k«.

Chefen

Broth nude of

flesh.

Again,

over

again

;

also, grass-, a

Cheen
Cheeii
shallow words.

straw mat.

Chin cheen ke

^
a

/S.

&jk

Chin kok kSh ke hwui'^- there
^

was again a famine

in the

Chin country.
irem-

^ ^.y^ Worms
Clieeii

found

in

hooks and
first,
.

clotbes.1,

rtj^t •^^ I *

they are yellow, at
old

but when

Cheen

"j-qjv^%

A

shaking of the head;
limb*.

become covered with a white
called.

El r~l

''og of the

hence they ar« powder like sUver,

pek

To
Cheah;

present, to send in, to introduce

to notice, to bring forward, to oi-

Ikk^
Cheen

fc up
pit

as a sacrifice.

p^^
'li[

wffj^^ To

fight,

to

go t» war

;

also,

to

Kwivn soo song,

seuk j£ che^n che

^S n&

fear and tremble.
sin, chae,

Cho6 che
chit

s6y Pjf
ck'hai'V
A.y

•t'^^W

chefin,

^^
.In,

mrf"*, pU tfSh chi

I'ek

jt chein

e,

W ^ ^'
chijen

^oo-cftorf

iy >i» kin

ehehh

when

the prince bestows
it,

any thing raw, we
it

ch'hai, chein I'hai, chit pai"S,

the things about

must cook

before

we

offer

up.

See (he

which Confucius was particularly careful, were
feasting, war,

and sickness,
ffij^

ehe^n

keng keng

mj^

#^

^^ trem-

Cheen

bling and shaking.

^&rtr

"^^ "'"* "^ *

'*'•'•

"• Sf"^

To

splash with water

;

the rapid flow-

Cheen

ing of water.

Ch'hing tek £ keng
tae
flng
*^*

Vulg. eking:

Before,,

in.

time

or

^

hiJet

chein
,

S i^ i^ A i

f§ f^ J^
* **"« *"*-y*

Chegn

<*'*«"^

m

place

I

fhofi chijfia
in front.

nS

1n|T

I'hiou-

thing,

Bcea chein

YR

70
"qft",

Jin chdn,

before one's face;
Jit,

chefin jit

Head cheen a
;

sort of woollen cloth,

m]

P

^

chSng

a former day.
e

Cheeks

Sey oe e chegn, bo6

seen hoe, sey oe 6
flf\

ft
tfii

or felt

:

cheen teftou

cheeks

tedaa, a carpet, a rug; cheen bo
felt
,

ho5, bo6 e cheOng cheSn

^

f}- ||^,

fe

ckee"^ po, a

haJCf

'

-

A\H

sey

wAn

ti

Vha&u ching, u"' (hang ebb
ti

e te aou,

sij/ Ij)

wdn

aou

lai,

fl™ Chang Chin

e te

tha&u

CAee^g"

The

hair collected together.

ching, that which
ed,

we have formerly

disapprov-

we must not subsequently prefer, — and that which we should in future dislike, we must
not do
previously.

*
Cheek's

Young

in years,

green, not

come
s€,

to age or maturity.

Seaou cbe

See the

^ ^ Tae
:

hak.

heet k'hd be teng, kae che chae sek

Vulg. chei^S

:

money, cash

Chwan

Chegn
Mi

cheeks dy kae
te

s(,
sefc,

h'uiyh

k'hk

bbey te^a leoh king
before

cheen

|^^
:

fhiin cheS''S;to get |j|^

ai

in'tW' time of youth,
are
settled,

money

tong cheen ^pj

^S
yft}

tdtig

the animal

spirits

people should

•^chei"^, copper cash, pice.

Also, a surname.

guard against

the lun.

love of beauty.
"
,

See the
,

T6
^pT

teung ho yeep, teep ch'heng chefen
ife

FP

^

T* Wi Hay Him
I

pq

^S

chAp k'hwut d
chei"^,

teiing h6

letn i hSSh, tiep

cKhafS

the leaves of

the water
like so

lily in the midst of the, pool,

look

Chei

Chhoo keang j^ 1^,
young, gfeen ginger.

ckei"S reo"^,

much

green' money.

*

p
,.

The name of
||5
^
ijiJC,
to,

a star:
f*""

cheSn cheuk
longevity, ad-

CheenS

Read chin:
to

to stick

in,

to cram,

Cheen

"^nil

'^'^'^

wedge

;

a wedge.

-,',<^lrl.J

dressed

females

^JE^
Chef's '^r||%
,

Read cheen
ilt B??

:

an arrow

t

h°6 cheen

hoiy chee"S, a fire arrow.

Base, mean,

lowly

;

hay chtjen ~T\

H

-4

Kong yim

soo chi^en
iil^

Cheen
y^ QjT 55.

vulgar. lo^FJn-ftsh^fn se jin

^^
like

nfr

kong yim thin a chei"^, time

flies

ches6yodya^^^J^
J4/
soJig-

A.
se

an arrow.

heung kap hay cheen

Idng Idng ay siy wan, poverty and a
dition are what
all

mean conthe

Read che^n money,
:

cash

:

bod

chefin

men dislike. See
„bi -gniS--

p

,

Cheek's

4lH:

^
l6ng
for

b6

chei"^,

no

money.

Seang iDn.

Yea

wuy

che€n,

che choo

yeS"S tdng cho chei^S, chi choo Chew tSdou

k'hi,

Cheen

To

turii

rodiid, to

revolve.'

the regulation

melting

copper

in

order

U>

^

make money, began
'^'|;["'''\o

with the.

Chew

dynasty.
'

'''i

'draV^'anything oluti-as
yi,

Wi^fc':

Cheeks

Jp&

chei''S

^

^|

to
^

lead,

to

CHEET

71

CHEET
The
sting,

^

9 yu

Vulg. cheih: to receive, to connect.

Cheep jJ^TC^

Ke kaou yea

Cheet

<}'fj_^„i,^^,^

kind of

e to, kfi cheep yea

blubber.

.(;

I

Cheet

iLy

JTo turn

tvpsy-lurvy
,ii<>Pr
.
,

;

to

leap, to

seo cheep cheiou liy soi, intimacies accord-

.3KEi
ing

jump,

W
to

to virtue, and associations consistent with

propriety.

See the
"'iy

*K

A comb,
Cheet
kivun woo sat

comb: kw°akwunso6

|5?

Hay

beng.
pe rhoo se kin cheet
,

Cheep lew yim

^J -^ '^ >^

»«»

chiT
each
<

^E

yg" (Sp

ch'hiw Urn chUy,
other's hands,
in

to descend by holding

order to drink water.
rhi;cn s€ e

gwi

li

dy cha b6e gin a
thine

sf kin chert,

my

prince has

sent roe

handmaid,

to

^

^
f

Gravy,

juice,

liquid

:

wait upon your

towel
to

and comb.

Said by

Cheep

y

Vj W

.^^v

^

Bf
its

M
M.

ft

'*'<^
,

^K

^

Hwa^-eng,

her husband, when she

ehedou si

ISh cheep,

heaven at prois

went to be married.

See the

j^ 'f^

Cho twan.

per seasons sends

down

juice, (that
siiy

rain),

KiJung teung p^ k'hwiin,

cheep put t'hong

Chin' cheet

^
.least

4^

#

IJI

^

Cheet

jBC

^
bfe "<^!ireful

^

^

cAiin chat, to

>i- >f>

"'""^ "^""^
t'hong, they

and ecotiomical.

pe k'hwiin Idp kadu chUy cheep

My

were so straightened

in

the palace,'
find a

that the

Cheet
Ihorough-

Bright,

clear.

drop of liauid could not

fare.

The

eye lashes

:

b6 cheep che kan
''****^'^"
.

A
Cheet
derived.

,:,.,„: river in the so uttKeak^of China.

m
'

M S ;i
lashes.

fe^

'»" ^y'

from which the name of the pro-J
vince

o^

CljFet-kang

J^

yX.*'*

An
Going out
fitable,

insignia or seal of^oflBce, given

aslant

;

also, sharp, pro-

Cheet
I
ficer

by the sovereign, to ensure the coofidence

J

"^

convenient.

of the people

in

the of-

appointed.

Vulg. chethi to break, to break off:

Cheet
•sH)
li

aou cheet

j^

ifr

to
^

twist

.^t^^lT'
off.

^
a

section,

a verie

i

teuk chi-et

WOy

che ti>ang chi!& chi-et

^
*••«

^^
pluck

Cheet

ifi

^> "'"*

'* '""" *' '*'*««' ke, to

pill ^^ f*
ch^qu^ cut
,'

^
'

JV
in

tek (hml, a ^9'>\f
«

or joint

bamboo
*

ho6 cheet VH^ gn, a
to
establiMi'

off the branch of'» tree for a superior.

See

through the middle,
parties,

.'

1'

_h

^

cotifidence between two

^'=""5 ''^"S-

Tek
cut» tp

che, h«ng ho? Ti-ung-kok, jeak hap

ho.">

To
Cheet

cape

:

chisel

h6ng

'-"Ml ,lt. ft
4S^
may
tit

^

^t*

p.

-^^

^ .^f
'rifWn

X^

to join

a seam.

tash tim chi, ft«"i ti

TUms-Vok,

thio'S hap hoi chiet, obtaining; oni\ aim, we
travel

through the whole of China (and

Cheet

Star-light,

the iighi '«Tathe sUrs

'")
find all agreeing with us), like the correspond-

ence of the two sides of a cheque.

CHEET,
CbAn
cheet

72
chat,

CHEK

^iP.

chdn

economical.
.
.

keeping within bounds.

Cheet

^
#

Verbose, talkative;

many words.

To
to

overcome,
send

to

obtain a victory,
;

news

of a victory

also

J^

To

obtain

in succession,

to

make

diligent, quick, accomplished.

Cheet

^yijg*

progress from one to another. Le£n

Ch6y ho6 Ia6 he^n cheet
the

^ -^ ^^\M>
country came and
his victory.

4/^s'eo

«hget sam

gwSn

^ ^3

Tti.

prince

of the

Chgy

twd. teilng t^a

gwdn^

to obtain in succes*

offered

up the news of
twan.

See the

sion the

7t i^ ^^^
jU
in

Yit gwat sam cheet
«"fl ktciig til

— H ^ i^
5ffi

*
Chek

three highest literary prizes.

y

cM goi^h
i^nay.
^

^,^1^
"^"S-r^

To

^

reprove,
to

ta blame v to seek, to
sustain

expect?
burden.

an

office,

or

ye^d, to obtain three victories

one month.

See the A-y

Seaou

E^^
lek
to

Beng ke t'heen
'|^

t'ho,

yew

Cheng hoo cheet cheet

^ 4^ :^ i#
-^
/Afirst

kwuy chek
(

^

^pt^'|f ^ ^,
world
)

openly

in

the

upper

afraid
(

of Hea-

carry on the war with vigour.

ven's judgments,, andi secretly
cheet a, a fe-

in

the lower

Cheet chod

world) a^rehensive of the

devil's torments.

Cheet

male

office,

u^roducedi
dynasty
:

in

Chek

h^wat

yew

chijey

^ ^ 7^ M,
gftn

chek hw'at

the time of the

Han

also

woo choey,

to punish the guilty.

written wS: cheet.

Y6w

g^n chek chea, put tek k6

chek k'he

'

heet

The

kong
hair of the eye^Iaihes.
tea

tea chek Jin
k'hi,

dy

Idng,

u'""

tit

t'he"a

e

dy

chew

those

who

are entrusted

with

-;? 'M>
(

the office
is

of admonishurs,

when

their

advice

not attended to, should quit their situations.

'heet

Rapid, quick.

Chek

Merit

;

meritorious work.

A fan
Cheet

;

in the east \t i»caried cheet,

and in the west seen

j^
»«"^"^.

sei"S-

• ^||_

Vulg.

cheSk-:

to

borrow

;

also,

if,

Bo6-6ng

se

chok

cheet

^r

"p^

Chek

^^T^
I

^n

*'*^ ''*«^" <^''d It' ^"^-^"S ing was the first who made fans.

'ft

Bod-

^

supposing.

Chek wat

be tey ek ke

p'haou choo

f§ 0.
you

Wt
toot"S, to

'iP

T^'

ch'hin cheoJ'S
k'e^d,
if

tI^ ^P. /^ king yed ioey chae,
say
that
is it

Cheet twan

^Wi ^mt
Cheet che

yed woo. p'hS siy

you
that

Cheet

break
stop.

off.

Cheet lew

S

^ jt

to

know

nothing about the family,
?

bow

at Uv)

you are nucsing their children
Se keng.

See the

=^

j|^

tedou, to break off willow branches.

?;

s;.

Cheet

A

•,^?^

-Sr

.:

kind of crab.

Chek

^

The

blade of grass.

•ir»t

Cheet

v">

A

lofty hill,

a high m?antain.

Chek

Small.

CHEK;
To
spin
:

IS
^h ^3
che
p'hdng
merit.

CHEK
Deep and confused
;.

hong chek

song jin
che

yew

Chek

It
^ ^ X.
mother
Tras

chaj/h, to spin

thread; also^

Chek
,

e

keen t'heen

hay

.

che chek

Kong-hoo-bfln-pek
fl^

boe

chek
sing Jin teoo ey k'hw"A kei"^ l'hee"S hay

/^

# M'

Kong.h-oo-bAn.p&sh

ay ne6^S ity p'hdng

chij/h,

Kong-hoo-bfln- pitch's

&y chi cK'him, a sage can look into the most
deep and confused things in the world.
See the

spinning thread.

To

accumulate, to collect, to heap
to board up.

Chek

up together,

Chek

seeou e ko tae
chek siy i che^d
things
till

^

/J>

V]

Chek
|g.

A

trace, a foot-step

;

koi chek. "^

•^,

antiquities.

kw&n

Ivsa,

to accumulate little

they become lofty and large.

Cheuk chek

Chek

tek luy

kong

^

^J^/;

;^

IJ!/ ,

*» accu-

Chek

'^

%

steps; T'hae-6ng teaoH

mulate virtue, and pile up merit.

:*:

^ 3: ^ S £ M:^
^

K

k'ha cheUk, foot-

ke ong chek

^'•"^^"s

tehi Ch&ou ch'hdng ke 6ng

Ay chedh, Thae-6ng

To

Chek

advance

,

the

appearance

of

first

laid

the foundation of the traces of roy-

sharpness.

alty (in his family.)

A
Chek

sleeping

mat

;

hw* j& wan,

A
tae

foot-step,

a track; ke

tin

ma

chek

che ch.k e
hj.o

^^

^^

C^I

*««
,

^^ -^ ^ % »%
1^^
A-"a,
!

Chek

s6y put keng che ley

^ ^ BE
where the

se lae hoo

&y ch'heSh, so flowered

and elegant

bdy cheSh tiy bS keng dy
du«t of carriages

ley, lands

this is surely the

B pt "' "

mat of a great

officer.

Sec the

and the foot-steps of horses

have never been known.

To Chek.

tread,

to

jump;

also, the sole

of the foot.

come

to,

to arrive at

5

then

;

The

kerchief with
tied,

which
in its

the

hair

Chek
chek »e

chek kim

^|J

/^ now
^

;

chek i£

Chek

* •A
^^.^^
yf||*£|i*

is

to

keep

it

place.

PTo
pP

ifJ &^'
that

}

'*^'" P^*"^' iranjediately;

^^

is.

— Also written
li-fin

6n

chek.

Large

itones
i

in

the

middle of a

Seen jin kiou

bin, chhit

ek k'ho 6 chek

Chek

pond
of

also,

a name for the desert
J»|;

*^^5?^ Kim kwun

Swa bok

j^

Sha-ra8h.
^

In

^ :^
for war.

'

*" '^"^

*''

^•J'*

"'"^'
a.

«*'*''

"^^"^

yea Chang kabu leo

t'hat,

when

toe say chek, luy gwat twan jin yi-en

clever

man

teaches the people, in seven year* they, can be
fit

t"a

See the

"T-i

It

hiiiy

say chek,

kw^y gbiyh

jit

1001"^

|j^

Hay

iDn.

l&ng hwun,
the

now you have undertaken
months together you

to cross

desert, for

will

find

Chek

The

noise of

many

voices, the

hum-

BO smoke of human habitations.

ming of

insects.

CHEK
To
dislike, to

W
be paiaed with; the

CHEK
when
the sun declined to

Chek

iP
^
/fT
,

the west, the mar-

snuff of a caudle.

Tim
ffi^

chelc ch'hara

ket was held.

See the

dwat

t'hijen

ligng

iS

^ t&
Ch«»k
words

M

^ Chew

ley.

g'»d ch'hSyh sat p'hiei ty

wa Vhein

chwat Ay siy ke"d, I

dislike slanderous

and xuiaous actions 4— said by the the Emperor
SQn.

3-t
Chek

V^^ ^^"

"'^*'

^

J^t'tc.

to Iwing into

straits.

Narrow, contracted; loechek^ loe ayh, the road is narrow
.

%

Vulg. chat

:

the

name

of a

fish

:

Chek

seen chek gin se

Vhody

ffiE

6|IJ

Single,

alone:

yit

chek

Chek
.iXhin ched"S gin sw"d pkyh
JBesh

chit

chedh,

one,

one of anything

&y bSh, the raw

Hfing
^

Un

eng chek

of the

clutt fish is

white like sHver thread.

hing tw"a ye"d

che&h,

^^ J^ j|^ a single form and

a lonely shadow.

Said of an only son, without

Chek

The same

as the preceding-; vnlg. dhit

brethren.

.i^llliJ(U

fdll

hic.i

A

kind

of
;

-gTain.,

like

millet, but

Chel

A

dead ghost.

Chek

-itmuller

hoe chek
jan officer

]fcj

W

the

name
over the grain.

'.of

who

presided

Chek

White

rice.

Sei chek
grain.

jIQ;

S

the gods «f'-the

land and

A
Oblique:

small step
sit

^

to

walk with a short

-

^^

chA yim OC 'g

ch&yh

Cliek

st^; to

with the legs crossed

Chek

;a
k'he, jip

yim, an oblique sound:; the Chinese
ihave four tones, viz. peng, seang,

one over

the other.
then,

A
Chek
B|j

rule,

a law, an example;

2^ Jt

^ X»

^^"^'

'''^""^' *'*^'i*'

After that.

G4n

j€ se wfly t'heen

the even, ascending, departing, and

centracted

hay chek

^i^f:^^-Jt
liay

or entering tones;

these are again multiplied, by

kong ji ley ley chb fhee^S
(

hwat chek,

dividing each of them into

upper and lower,

if he speaks

as a sage

)

a man becomes for ages

thus making seven or eight.
division of

But

the general

an example to the Empire.

See the

HI ^g

them

is

into pfing ZE.

pai"^, and

Teung

yftng.

chek

JK

,

ch&yh, even and obliq-ue, according

Wan

che chek yew

bong, kin che chek put

to which their verses are regulated.
«ay,

Hence they

€hd

se pit le

p^ng chek yim

^P -ip 1^ yim, in making

^

^^
to

rt]^

hwiit"^ Ay
'ting
ttiose
lis,

Ung chew
tan,

woo' bang
(

Un,
act

kin

dy
)

cfto se
^

pH
it

teSh chae
is

pai"S chSyh
be

yedb6 yeim

wheii

we

properly

verses

necessary

who are

at a distance witi look towards

acquainted with the even and oblique sounds.

and those

viSio

are near will oot dislike us.

^

',

The sun
Jit
j'il

declining toward the west.

Chek

7^

chek jS ch'he
l'iia6u"i

g ^j^Y^^
chew che^4
ch'he.

C/iek

tae

^

Head seuk:
brother.

an

uncle,

a father's

Chew-kong nae S6ng-6ng

che seuk hoo yea

S| /^ Jh

gfi'

CHEK
3E
/2l

VB
SSng-Sng &y

CHENG
cVhat cVhin ched'V p'hang
k'hi, thieves

^X

ifi. ^

CA<K.-fconff ,e

sprung

chek pay,

Chew-kong was the uncle of S<ng-6ng.

up

as thick as bees.

^ f^A
Chek
^fX4yl

Read cheak: a candle:

lap

cheak

Chek

jla chea

wuy

che chek

^
is

'fc.

^ |h
an
in-

kong hwuy, bod bS pat che&oa
he who injures
benevolence
called

iih chek kviui"S li«'uy, bd ckit liy siy tiy

u™

jurious person.

ched bing, by the brightness of a candle, there
is

nothing so minute

but

what

it

may

be

j^k

Then, how; the sign
tense
;

of the past

illomtned.

X
Chek
m
l

Cheng ^^^i^^
r*l
Still, qaiet, tranquil, relired, inactire,

a surname

:

cheng sun

^^

J^
se c

J

a great-grandson.

Cheng

wuy haou hoc 'w'

^^^
still

*y

motionless.

Chek

jefin

put long

^^^ Wh

'**'"

'^'" ** "'^''^

^
GoC

.^

01

^ '^
piety
?

,

cfteng-

an ney ehfw king ked woo haou,
alone be considered
filial

how can

this

and unmoved.

See the _t

^
wOy
pji^ ^

Seing

lun.

Cliek

i choo

e che biin,

Far from the norse

<o{

men.
Che bun

cheng

\A Ylw

^

K*W

The appearance of lofty

hills;

k'hae

J^
4y
I

>j^ ];^
jnoo?"*',

^J^:^!^^^^-^^ U
gTtfl
feilh

cho

woo kSh yio"^

Chek
«u)"a

been bong ch'him chek

R3

^^
the

^^
k-hw''i

ciieng

ti

Yhe kap Ktw iy mooi"^,

,

k'hwt0

ih

thought you would propose some rare ques-

bing

kwdn kwin, on opening
lofty iiills afar off.

the school,

we

tion,

how

is

it

that

see

you

have

only

askrd

about

Y€w

and K^w.
kfi

Oe

chek

j^ i^

^

oe Outt, the

oame

Cheng k«4n

jIn,

be

sit

k* b€ng '©'

M

Chek
i)iV'^>J

of a
IJjt

fish,

called also, bek chek
ch'hat, the cuttle
flsh.

S

bak

idey bat e iy mi'S,

I

have sees the

man but

^o sot know

his

name.

Chek

L6ng chek aft

|^

all io

confusion.

Chek

Xl^r*l
Choo

m^
Ji~<J^'*.
hofi

^

book, a register,
Jffl.

a record

;

teen

Chens*

chek

3^

an

historical record.

pA -^ ^ \ii-f I pJ

A

priest «f

Budha, a monk, a

re-

cluse.

Se win cheng

la^ seaoo,

keiougw^ly k'hek

kohe^p J^-j^

A

surname.
»eo"S lai ched, keo gwiiy ling k'hayh hin kiey,
i

oe k£ hae k6 yea, jS kae k'he k£

!

when the temple
(o it; and

is

afar

off,

few priests come
is

^r ^£t'hel;

choo hoe
e

win

e

Ay hae ka

when the bridge
g<o

dangerous,

tra-

te,

ji ch6 poi
vellefs

seldom

over

it.

kak

&y cVhityh, the princes of the Empire
reflected

were displeased Ibat the history
themselves,

on

To

increase,

to

add to

:

kay cheng

and

therefore

did

away with the
beng.

records.

See the ~T»

Chek

m

•^ Hay
a

Cheng

jRj Hoe k'hoe
y/Jl

to increase
siiiy

more and more.

cheng

B

ri

Ht

Vu^.
an

tVhal,

thtef,

a
to

robber,
injure.'

mooi"S iy lion chhiy tik

nefS

k'hSh ehiy,

injurioirs

person;

the inhabitants of each dwelling increase year

CbJkje bOTE k'b« ftj

^ i^ ^,

by year.

GHENG
To
hate, to abhor;

7#
cheng oe
e

CHENG
states

|^ ^,
\^
\}
j

contending together, are not said to cor-

Cheng

§

to

abominate.

G6 jln

k'hoe kip,

rect one another.

Seethe
«=»'«°g

m

^|f

Teung
rft)

yflng.
.

luy Cheng

g jin.

J\^

^"'"1

!'«

j^ p"'

^.

J® i^

>5f^

A

§1 1^
jtn, ji bS

^ ts

J

^''"^ '^^^ '^"^ *

cft'Afti/

(8 ifctoan

ai ke

cKhatUng

fhSyh meiH,

d^ wa, lak pah hoe ling
ing people

cheng hwun, attack-wp

at the passes of a country,

examine (travellers),
See ^t:

in conversation,,

frequently be-

but do not take duties from them.

^^

come hated by them. See
|.
-I,.

the

..,,

J^ |^
silk

Seang

lun.

Beng-choo.

.^^

The

general

name of

and cloth.

Chenj

%i

\^

Ch'he-yang hwan cheng chea yea

Cheng

The same

as the above.

A
cheng,
at Ch'lH--vaiig

y&ng woo Idng bdy bay
people trade in cloth.

kind of gong, or copper instru-

Cheng

ment of music.
jit

Se t'ho6 ch'hay

k'hwa long cheng
r

j^

tj^

j^

Chen

To

tie

a string on a bow.

Q

\^ i®

SiE

ch'hew t'haou
16,

te

k'he ch'hay

ch'hut jit ch'hiu chea^S tdng

the rising sun

looks like a brass gong hung up on the top

Clieng ^S^in^
,

w
^

^ A

of the trees.
fishing net, a cast net.

_

tarset,

or bull's eye, used as a

Chen

To

view alone, to contemplate.

Chenff

^•^^
J^
*tiiu»

1 1"*

mark
sit

for shooting at.

Kwun

choo
Correct, modest, chaste, firm
;

choo cheng gok, hwan kfiw choo

cheng

kasin^^^-^lE||j)C^f|^
choo Ay
tSh

Cheng

le

jg

-t/-*

chin cheet

dy cha boe

Idng

ait

e

dy cheng gok,
e plin sin,

ke^d,

a virgin,

a modest young

ehew hwan

tooi"S

kiw

te

the

target,

misses the centre of the good man, when he See turns and reflects upon himself.
the

Kwun
ifo

choo cheng jf put leang
>
''"'""
is
'^'""'

•©
*"

^ Im

^^
"^S' *'"'

'^'"^"^ ''' •'^

^

j^

Teung

yflng.
che''a
^

the good

man

generally

upright, without

Cheng gwat

H

gaiyh,

the

first

attending

to the smaller points of sincerity.

month of

the year.

>
Cheng
afraid.

t

To

ask, to
clieng

make enquiry,

to spy

:

Cheng

^
^i
A
a superior

ly\

y^"

i^ j^ ^
tree
;
:

a spy.

Hasty walking

;

The name of a

le

cheng -th

To

travel towards, to punish, to set

Cheng

i^ ^

an evergreen

planks used in

Cheng

to rights, to take.

Cheng chea

building

mud

walls,
is

which

are

seang hwat hay yea, tek Kok put

bound together, and the earth
in

then beaten

seang cheng y Ea

^^

Pr> ffi ^Sl

"ife

J;: -(j^ "]^ {{j |5c cheng se li twa hwat si aiy,
,

^
Cheng

between them.

_,

^

Cheng seing

jjS" jjBP^

lucky omens,

tek kok b6 seo cheng yea,
state

"correction"
inferior;

is

when
equal

TKpl
ffl^^^

fortunate emblems. Kokkaycheang
hin, pit

corrects an

yew cheng sSang

CHENG
Am
is

77

CHENG

k'hi^ pit

woo cheng
rise

s'eAng,

when s country
there
will

Cheng

about

to

into

celebrity,

certainly be favourable omens.

See the

ip ^"

m
cKh'iiey

To

beat, to

thump, to pouu^.

Cheng

kira koe, ch'hiiey beng n?e

iX

/4^
"''•

, Mi PJv ".1 b&ag dy nae, to beat the gongs and drums,

^

p'*"''

^'""' *""''

Teung
-I

yflng.

and blow the sounding pipe.
wrangle,
to strive, to contend;

i«l>

To

Cheng
Soo

sijang

cheng

xH

J^.^

«o cbaf^,

Chenj

^Zy

Clear brightness: suy cheng 7|^
ehiii/

^a,

|3^I
Chen"* "

chec^S^ a crystal.

to quarrel.
cheiig bfing 6 teiou, seang

cheng

le d ch'he

%^ ^ _ A

flag,

with feathers stuck in at the

ch'hai/h

Idng

rhai"S me''&

»e"a

U

tedoii,

chd

M^
ff Af*
^
_

^"P °^ ^^^ ^'^^i Cheng

Cheaou

tae hoo

^^:^^
See

W;&,'**»
Beng-choo.

teng

li

ling choi'V

n

te ch'hi,

the scholar strives

tae hoo i cheng,

a great oflicer rnusl be sum-'
flag.

for fame at court, aod the merchant struggles
after

moned by a cheng

df ^^

gain
ke.

in

the

market.

See the

^ =P

%^

Correct, good, pure, small, minute,
*"'>''<-'•

Soo

Chenff Tlv^rt*

fi^e-

^5

cheng, jin siiuk,

'^

Pj

jfi

bflo yit

h6 soo

Cheng

Steep,

lofty,

difficult

of ascent.

-"

fih. itn.lft jl bi chit h6 iy

ۥ
tae

f-^

M
to

^^^^'p.
^'

'

"^^' •''"
i,

"*•

Vhea iy

correct in

righteousness and

accustomed to benevolence,

A
('heng

kind of guitar,

with

twelve

or

without a single atom of sinister intention.

thirteen strings.

Read cheung:
hong cheng

pound

in a mortar.

The

pupil of the eye;

Cheng
sew, those
will

chci to sew
bak cheng

:;^ H^^

U

^ ^ ^,
Ung tt^
hiiiy

Cheng

C'hcung be

^; y^

theng

bi, to

pound

rice.

Cheung kew

^; f^>
a wine

kak ty

cheng koO, a mortar.

who have square
Said by Vt"

pupils in their cyec

A

live long.

3^

Kwan-lok.

Chen

cup: chew cheng

jffi

cup or glass.

^^^--41
beJl
:

Cheng

J .->• U*
yn
• "J

Cheng teng

$^ I^^

the dragon-fly,
six

Read cheung: «
C/iensr

cjieung bing

an insect with four wings and
f*"'-

Cheng tCiigteem

sfiy,

hwun

^ V^
Oak

^

Cheng tin,

the

heU

ring*.

>iu,

gak

yin,

.eep s,m
ch'iAu

hong 4^+
tiim

m"S

^
li

cheung ko6 yin

^l.

^j^

ifjf

|| ^. ^,
ch'hoey

hoechaei^.^.^^.lilj;^^^',
Ung king
chok gak, chok gak.

ekiiy,

boig j,gih
in

Wham

te

cheng koi

kma p'hang, the dragon-fly ^ips

the water,

an ntg king ehae, people talk of
rousic« as
if

raiwic,

and of

and the painted butterfly leeks the flowers.

bells

and drums c<4U|itiited music
lOn.

Cheng

^ ^.^'^ Tlie
Ka

See the
appearance of (tdneM.

~|V

^ Hiy
chai

cheng

the

name
Ifce

of a bird
calamity

Cheng

Cheng

that can keejp

down

of

fire.

plius tree over the well.

^

Vulg.

chai*^: a well: a surname.

Chfing seang

yew

16

Jt _|-

/fT

4i_

"^ ling woo

It 4,

there was a

CHENG
P'h8 jeak kwut cheng, kwut cheng
put kip

78
kiw
jim, j6
yea'

CHENG
Choo
(?ll)

sut

e ch^ng,

seuk kara put cheng

jt

chwAn,

yew

wfly

k'he

cheng

^^ iF.
to,

It Ife

^

IK

'<=

,

^*'*«'^ '^"s ^

ehe"A

che

chwuy k"i

u"* che"it, if

you lead
will dare

:^,iP

^ ^ ft

Ifi

'

P'f'^Je'"'' /'«>«'

«'"''"^

people on by correct principles, who
to be incorrect.

kwut chtti^^ kadu jim, na bS kip chw^d,
Vhek kak chai"^, like as
if in

t/iw

wAy

See the

n> §w Hay

lun.

digging

a well,

_

p

To

regulate,

to rectify, to govern

:

having dug nine rods deep» without coming

to the spring,

you cease

your labour,
~\-*

you
beng.

Cheng iTYf f^yX^K

^^^"S *"*
politics.

JJ^

^

>

government,

Cheng chea, cheng yei,
]f{f

must give up the well. See the

^7 Hay

che put cheng yea s6y e cheng jln

J^ f^
Chenff ^jii^^" M 1 l*»
tify
:

To

adjust,

to regulate,

to adorn,

tiiJjT
chew

n

IE

A :t T^ IE
to

^ j£
,

-tH
tt""

'^"^'^

'° P"' ""y

thing to righls.

Sew

sS che"i,

siy e che"A Idng

dy

che"i,

cheng fl^ cheng
put lap

^^

to repair and beauto adjust.

to regulate

means

put to rights,

— that

by

chfiy
lt:€ii


le,

^
le

which we set right people's wrongs.

Said by

,

Kwa

hay put ch£ng kwan

^v;

^
I

Choo-choo.

^,^^^
eWh&n
field

Read

cheung:

to

plant,

to sow.

bo

payh Ay,

li

ay bS ching

kin,

in

a

Cheng

of melons, do not

puU up your
tree,

shoeS) and

y^S
J_'
'^

^''^""S '"'^

•''^''""

II '^ %. >
plant

chhng hoi cheo,
l-^

to

pepper;

when going under a plum
your head dress
:

do not adjust

cheung

tek

^^

,

cheng teky to plant virtue.

(lest

you should be suspected

of stealing the melons or plums).

^^
Cheng

Read chSen: a mat:

kaou

cheen

25 im
mattress,

ka ching, a thick mat or

A
Clheng

made of straw bound

fast

convulsive

motloa of the skin
together, and

used for sleeping on
the passions^ ch*hil chfing the

and muscles.

^
the
rising sun.

Cheng

The appearance of

ChSn£

tn
'("pl

Jk^ The feelings, 'H 'fpq
cheng
>

seven

passions; jtn

^^ 1^ ,
be hwat,

kindness; chfing le

Read cheiing

:

to swell

:

keak cheAng
a swelling of

W

''''"'°"'

t<-'asonable.

He, noe,

ae, lok,

wuy

seng,
/j^

—hwat,
f|

Cheng
t!id''S

fflgl

hM

*'*" cfi^igi

the legs; teang cheung
ching, swollen.

U^

Bra

chek wuy che ch6ng

g ^ :^ ^
Ifl.
k'elk

#.

fk,

#.

W\

m^
lok,

'"""" **' *^"' *'*^'

ae ch'hdm, t'heUng

yed boey hwat, kong kei
ching, joy,

Read cheung: a seed; cheung choo

tai^S ,—hwal leaou, chew kong

Cheng
ching
a,

*Ep -4-

ching chi, a single seed.

anger,

grief,

and

pleasure,

before they

are

Sip cheung choo -|-

^f

^

chap

displayed, are called

nature;

when

displayed,

a term of abuse.

they are denominated passions,

^^^ft

Correct, straight, right: cheng keng
honest, upright.
'^'^'"'
'''>

%

,

Vulg. chaV'S:

fair

weather; a clear

Cheng

% W^ J£ ^^ ^^*^^^ JF Ifl
blunt
}

Cheng

tit

Chen"

MI

'

*

sky; calm, serene; e cheng
lioe

^ V^

straight-forward,
just.

J

chai"^, the rain

is

cleared up.

pfing

ch^ng

^

J£ , paf^ ch'e^i,

Also written {]M ch6ng.

CHENG
T'heen ch«og keng seng heen

',9

CHE
To

NG

^
the

^j^if^^^
hein,

ehee'*e
^ is

chafS hwm"S cKhafS

when
See

Cheni

present,

to

give as a present
,

•.

the sky

clear,

the bright sUrs appear.

hong cbeiig

|^ |^
^^^"S

to offer up.

y^ pg So6

ke;

Vulg. chin: a story of a house, a

^YV% *^'*"" ''^^' ^/ - I th *'*' teo"?, Cheng
'

]% ]^
y^

,

cKheng
Liiiik

pure and clean.

Chgng
a palace,
courts.

first

or second floor,
Chfiiig

aa additional
"o*
^

1
Pj"

>|

chSug put
^

k'ho so5y

chamber.

keung Wt

^

jS.

Leak Ay chUy ch'heng khe,

^

u"* I'hang

with a successiea of chambers

and

p'hSijf

nw^d, the waters of the

Lisuk. are clear,

and must not be defiled by

spittle.

Cheng

^^h •^ Q
^

Chun -

ch«D{r "'•^ \^^ "Tt
hills.

-^

^

^

the lofty ap-

"-

— *"

To

adorn

;

clear..

peatance oi

To %^
Tranquil, peaceful: also, to think;
to
rest

reprover
sin,

cheng

ko« chea, kwun y«w boo y6w cheng cho6

Cheng

^-^*
f^
Chinese to

ngulate.

An

rfieng
;

and tranquillity
night."

i^ ^, — answering in
h£ng aim
,

S^
ttn, in

-J"

,

*<>*

cha, jln kicun lead
t"d

Vhang

C*d igjin

"good

nea''S

pay ^oo Vhang

dg haiu tai^,

L£ng cheng

e le wAn,

t»m pok
?r4

k'hdi

former limes, princes had ministers that could

^ it irM it j;^
thing t
ti

^" ?^ '6

'^-^

leprove them, aud fathers, children that could,
advise then.

kaiu

hwui"^,

tdm pBh Chang bing
will enable

See the

j^

||^

L4y

k*.

ling iy Hm, peace and tranquillity a

man

to extend hit thoughts to distant objects,
tasteless

To

look displeased.

and a

indifference to the world

will

enlighten the mind.

Said by ^gft

^^ ^"

Vj£,

A

pit,

a hole.

Jfn kae wat, £ te,—

Cboo-kat-bo6-ho4.

k'he j* lap choo

ko«

hwi

hint
te

cben»
Rest, the opposite of motion,
itill-

che leung,

jg bok che

Cheng
t~-

ness,

quietness, inactivity.
jiii

Te chS&
-J^

tong,

chea chi-ng ^\\
^^
'^"^
''"

^W
£]/

^^
"""
"til
,

""'''

'"

/^'W chd poA king, gtcd woo ti,—na biiiyh
lap e koi hwa.

'""*"'

Jin

Idng

cheng

ching,

men of knowledge
still.

kv^iji

ham chlng Ay

leung, chew bS
say,

are active, but the _J2

men of benevolence
lun.

See

lAng iy chae teem pec"S, people

all

"

I

am

knowing, "—but

if

you were

to drive and catch the midst of

Seaug

Chek cbSng che
ehlng
Aj/

ch'he
still,

^^ ^ f^
quiet place.

>

"^
c

tfcero,

in

a net or a

trap, or in

a pil-fall, they would none of them

wSy,

a.

know how
yflng.

t» escape.
rice in:

See the
'jl

A "^
Cheng t^|7

An

earthen pot to boil

Jb.

^
thus,

Teopg

ho6 cheng ch'hwin
t'hd

V),^1u^
See

^,

^k>^
CAe«ff ^j«**

Road chong:
5J^
>

chong

gijep

Xr^a
Beng-cho6.^

^

te^d

b'ok

kaou cht poo}"', to

che"^ giep, a farm: chong kay

n«e pans and pots in cooking.

-^ -^

^%
a lurnaroe.

j[k

^,

f^"^ kay, a

farmer. AJso^

CHE^^
^ ^
Read chongi an ornament, a headsek

80

CHEO
^JL-^-m Read chong: a warehouse
-,

Che^S }\Ji*

/\^\

M
''«

dress;
^

to adorn.

Chong

^

*^

hoo chong
ko6 ehe^S

CM

,«ff

k-hong he Ij^
k'hang
store-house empty.

g^

^

1^^

che"S s6k, to adorn ; say cho«fg
a toilette.

k'hang,

the

treasury

and

^^k,
I'hae

cfte"ff,

t'heaou Put I'hae chong cheng, choo je6n y4ou

Read chong

:

the viscera, the bowels

:

withch£"S cMng, choo jein yaiu Cheaou,
toilette, she is

Ching

h|gh
yl*'^ 9J^f-m,
five

jinyewgn6ech5ng y^
l&ng woo goe che"S,

;^^||^
people have

out waiting for the aid of the
naturally handsome.

viscera.

Read cheaou
bribes received by in-

:

to call, to beckon by

Read chong:

Cheo

the hand, to assemble.

Be kam chek

Che^S

ferior officers-, stolen

goods.

Tuy

ci^o.g
for stolen goods,

'^^,tu,

Chens,

to.e^rci.

t§ ^.
Pji
chjeo,

cheaou, seen se hong bOn

4^ ^jT
"'^^
1

:fe

# ^ r^
to
call

^

"'^ *""
but

'^'"'

tae seng sea p'hay

Vhhm fh^na,
you,
first

do not
write a

dare

directly

|J»
Che>^S

-

Read chong: goods
'f^

5

chong h"©

^
Cheo

letter to

make

enquiry.
:

cW"ff hoiy, liaggage, stores.

Read cheaou
choo kay A

a plantain

:

cheaou
'"^!/<

_
i,

sok chong chew O'ng la6 che jin,

^m

'ff |tj

c**" «
,

^^''\

the plantain street.

Ung

p'ak

Chens chew

ke"i

loe,

passengers

travelling to
set

and

fro,

pack up

their luggage, and

^
Cheo
1^1 »

Read seiou:

few, not many, scarce.

Koe

jjn bo6y cheung,

kck ch'hut

out in the way.
teen chong
a farming

^^r
a farms
ch£*S,
eh'hdn

stiaou

h6 e chey

^

A ^J

ijf^

Che'^S

^
I3t
tt

Read chong:
Vti

ching, kok ch'hut cheo cheo i chiy, the ancients,

rt£,

estate.

Ha6 chong

f^ ft, ^
se

<'''«"^'

'•*

"^"^ warehouse,

from every kind of grain, used to take a litto sacrifice it (to the manes of tle of each,
those who, first invented food),

Gwan hoe

seng chae

te6n chong
"''"

^^
to

^ ^.
in

ffl

|t

,

fi"""""

*^

""'"^ """
^
-.

Read

cheiou-. to reflect, to illumine.

ch-hdn che"S,

I desire in the

next birth

Cheo

be boTO
reign,

some farm-house :— Said
killed.

by a sove-

9 ^jL yW^
# i V>
k'hi,

Jit chiiaou
J^'
/'Aflda

ban hong

J]j

^^ |^ "^ ,
h^S,
the

eheb che"d bin

when about to be

sun illumines myriads of places.

Che

M

K6 chong J^

^, U

che"S, an in-

Read cheaou

1

a sacrifice, a religious

'^
l'ftee"S

dictment, an

accusation.

T'heen

ChSa

procession.

Cho cheaou k€ hok
^*" ^*^"
'^"'^

hay

l)6o

to, jin bin

b6o k'ho ko

ch5ng^^ iajf.
ay b6
l:d

/;

KM "f-t
is

ffi , to perform a sacrifice in order to seek

# il M

"'"'

7li
ta

to

Ay U, l&ng payh sai"S bo

happiness.

^h

Chang

chfS, when the Empire

without

where to go the right way, the people have no
and prefer theij indictmente.

Read cheaou:

to

eat,

to gnaw.

CHEONG

81

CHEONG
k'hw^d. t'hee"S

X
Jh.

Read chea:

to

borrow

:

na

le chiia

ay &y Ckak cKhayh

Idng,

6ng-

Chedh

an-sek

of the Song dynasty settled the form
and confined them

-f^
> il.
^hedh

tekch'hoobit^l^^f^-^^ltj,

^^ ta
Sck h"6

I'oh

ey

chi-Sh

lit

chey Uy mei"h,
this
?

of literary compositions,
to eight sections;
till

where can we borrow such a thing as

in the Bfing dynasty,

literary compositions

were used for trying and

1^ i^

cheoh huey, to
,

warm
bo6
;;fc

examining scholars,
See the

throughout the Empire.
lekk.

/We,
when
clothes,

Y?p|

oneVselfat the

fire.

H4n

lae

long sek h"6

:^ 7k

^

^^

So6

Cheops
the cold weather comes, if

Read cheang: the camphor

tree.

you have no
at the
fire.

Chedh

^
f _%

you must warm yourself

Read cheang

:

the

name of a

river,

Read sek:

to cut

down.

Sek
fell

se

^

Cheops

in the k(;en,

province of

^

'^k

Hokname

^^
A
I'ip

cheSh ch'hew, to

which gave
tVA
^

rise to the

trees.

of Cheang-chew
pit-seen

)#
is,

Cheo'V-chew, the

foundation.

WOy ke sit,

department where the dialect of this dictionary
is

Chedh

j^J^
we must

ke che«h

^ g ^Ji, ^
Cheops

spoken.

There

also,

Chcang-p'hoe-heen
the
district

^ ^^ J^j

Cheo^S.p'koi-kwitt,

lae seng k'hed ke chedh, in
first

making a great house,

of Cheo''s-p'hoe.

lay a

good foundation.
,

chedh

the handle of a

Read cheang:

the

name of a

fish.

Read

chi-ang: starch, for stiflfening

Cheops
chedh

clothes;

^
pat pe
se

am cheang

>Q

^^

dm

Read

lek: a stone
;

;

a measure of ten

cheats, starch.

pecks
yit

a surname.

Kim boo

san,

kwdn

sek che to

'^ y^ Ml

Cheops JJ2»»
J%A^ Cheops ^^^
Ge gno

cheSh dy chey,

now

a

hill

is

nothing more than

m
!m

Read che&ag: a surname.
I'ol fly!

riO
:

i:v<,',

a heap of stones.

Seethe

flJ

^a

TiJungyQng.

Read cheang

^^
gwd

the palm.

Sew

chijang

>

ch'hiw chi'6'V, the palm

Rcadcheang: a chapter, a

section;

of the hand.
sey

Olio"?

a surname.
ijJn chitons,

BQu

chijang "At ^J^

ycuk vca, him cheang ck gno

literary composition.

Song, Ong-an-sek, tcng chok bQn cheang, e

wOy

lut;

che Bfing nae 6 bfln chi^ang

cheu"S yed

tiy at yea,

fish

is

a

thing
I like.

fheen hay

so5

9^^%T^ %*(f.
J

that I like,— a bear's
^'^'^

palm

is

also

what

-T" Bi^ng-thoo.

X ^ p^ ^ 1^ i
Chi kadu

^i««- i'idou,

dng-anlit
;

Read cheang: an

oar,

K6
to

cheang
or

cheih le"d chd bdn cheo"^, i piyh koi chb

Chedng

ko

chiid"S^

pull,

Bing

tedou, ch'he"i i

Hn

cheoH

ch'hi

push over, the oar.

CHEUK
P6
Ched^',
chijang

8S

CHEUK
which a good governor will seek to obtain.

j^ (^^
fence.

?» c^eo"^< a
sJn

See the

T^ =^ Hay

lun.

mound, a

Tae

kok

clic

Heng

tey je sew cheuk, ch'hey choo soo e

hok

p6 cheang yea ;/C

'^ 1^

-til

J

'"'^ •'^"
is

*'"

'"'''

"JC ^^ ^" cheo"S,

^@

Ae"a
ch^hin

le

cKhin ched"S k'ha
k'hoi,

cKhim,

boe ke"d

a great minister

the defence of a country.

cheu"S s^a

elder and

younger
but

brethren are like

Read cheing; sauce or gravy. Toe

one's legs and

arms,

Chedng

cheang

g^ ^S ,

taou ched"^, a

wives and children are only like one's apparel.

kind of ketchup made of pulse.

To

confide to, to entrust with; also,

Seen hoo cheang yung pek yew

sip je

yung

Cheuk

to assemble, to connect.

Han 6ng

che cheang, tok Han-sink'ho chiiuk

kwA chap je &y Idng yung cheo"S che"d pSi/h and twelve Ung, the cook used one hundred
jars of sauces.

See the

la

W

Hdn

ong dy chedng, tok Bdn-sin Chang
of
all

Chew

ley.

cheuk Vhok Iwd sod,
the king

the generals of

of

Han, Hftn-sin alone could be
See

Cheftng chS
toad.

chUngchi, a

entrusted with the great affairs of state. the

^%
"/^ rRl

Soo

ke.
16,

Nae cheuk kS k6
Read seang
;

jS ko che

J^

^^
Jq ^[

to ascend

;

up, at the

^n

"a y2,
e kong,

""^

'^'"P

^"^^ ^ ^^ '"""

on. top, upon, ahove,

Seang tong

Idng, ji kap
elders,

he then assembled his

kae, chek seen cho cheuk, seang
sey

and informed them, &c. See the

kae chek

seen

yew cheuk

Jl

^ f^
k'ha,

Siiang beng.

An
cheats tang hay, chew tae seng
to

instrument

used

for stopping

cKhew &y

Cheuk

music.

ched"S sae kay chew tae seng che"A ch'hiw dy
k'ha,

when ascending the

eastern stairs

first

The name of an
when ascending
the right fool.

officer,

set

down

the left foot; and
stairs, first set

Cheuk
^

presiding

over the ancestorial temple.
the western

down

See the

|||£

L^yke.
to itch.

„ To

entrust to the care of.

Han
&

^^
M^^^

Read yang:

Chw^n sin chin

Cheuk

[rl^Q

Cheaou-leet

tey

cheuk

koe
^l|

Choo-kat-boo-hofi^^

Mn sin

cheo"^ ledou ledou, the body

il IR i^ It
le'et

^ ^ i^
hoe

^ ^
Han
dy-

'

^^" ^'^'""

tiy

Vhok koe ke"d

Ckoo-kat-boo-hciy

itches all over.

the

^M^
Cheuk

SuflScient,

enough;

the feet.
to
lie

Te

Emperor Cheaou-leet of

the

jC ^^^^

nasty entrusted his
content.

orphan child to Choo-kat-

cheuk

^0
sit

^^

boo-hoS.

Cheuk

cheuk peng, bin sin che

A candle.
gin Idn,

Lap

chiiuk

^^ *^ dh
^

kaou peng, kwilpiyh saVS

"a

suffici-

Cheuk
ch'eo

chek, a

wax

candle.

Cheuk cheaou

a sufficiency of weapons, and ency of food,
the confidence of the

b6okeang^BS^|f ,cA.A
b& keang,

people;"— three

a caadle illumines

all

around.

things

CHEUNG
MiJSy cheuk

83

CHEUNG
Sin cheung, hoe

ftg

Cheuk

^

^

dm moiy,
Ch'hwat

koe,

feng jia beng seng

congee,
chijuk,

rice

water.

been ch'him hek, chek wuy

Cheng, mat "»
sing, the

hvnuPS dy koe,
bell,

ling Idng beng

morning

and the evening drum,

cKhSiyh dm
k'haou,

mo£y, bin ch'him oe, chek wui/ j&

are to

make people

alert

and watchful.

"

drinking

watery

gruel,

and

with
the

a face as black as ink,
throne and wept."

he approached

Cheung

Cheung kew

^^

Q

cheng koo,

a pestle and mortar.

This was the conduct of
his royal father.

a

filial

son,

on the death of

Vulg. Cheng:

to pound,

to beat;
bi,

See the

J2_

^^ Seang

beng.

Cheung
calling fowls
,
:

cheung be

:^ ;^ ^ cheng

to

beat out rice.

Cheuk

^ J,l J
\

ft f

1'hc noise

made
^"^^

in

cheuk key
chuck

^

koi ken, to

Stupid, foolish

:

Ac-kong wat, kw"a

jF

\

like fowls.

Cheunj
*\ii>
tt'oo

jin

cheung gS
>

A^M
A
kind ef

]^
said,

^
I

jEj.

^
f "•«

-^^-'^""S

'«'>''e>

Cheuk

Boils and blains, on the bands and
feet.

Cheung gai,

Ae-kong

am

stupid

and foolish.
wish well

To

bless, to feliciUle, to

Cheuk

^S^W* 11 1/^1
Cheuk
sea

to, to pray for blessings on.

A
life.

Cheung:

insect.

surname.

The

Cheuk sew Sff
;|^

^,

to wish
to thank.

one long

end, the issue, the termination

;

^,
belt,

Cheun

finaJ.

A surname.
Wrt
y

But yew pun

bwat, soo
tied

Cheuk gj\^^
fly'rjnc^

The

on the outside of

^S ^K.
too

S «" f^
I'haou

ydw cheung se a|t

^T

mee"h woS p^n bwaU
biiiy,
;

a garment; a girdle.

woo k'hi

stcih

things have

their origin

and termination

affairs

have a

Read

siiuk

:

an uncle,

a father's

beginning and an end.

Cheuk

younger brother.

Cheun
To
collect;

To

scrape anything.

a cup, a

certain mea-

sure; a surname.

Chew chcung
Vulg. ching: the seed of anything v

Ban cbeung

6

gno hO kay yeen
s

^ 1^

J!/n

^

^^
See

"ff^

Cheung
Gnoe kok

offspring.

Cbiiung cbiiung ^(^

^S,

*""

'^ ff"^" ''**'"'ff ^•y <^*'*^*

short hair.
chl-a,

woo s"a me6"h kay, what would ten thousand
measures of grain add to

cheung che

be

chi-a

yea

me

?

^

•?•

Beng-cho6.
Vulg. Cheng: a
bell.

ehew

$e

ching dy

s<iy,

tbc five kinds of grain

Y4ou cheung

are.^he best of aH seeds^

Cheung
Cbiiung 16

The

heel

of the foot

;

to

tread

^^

'

^ double sur.

Cheun

with the heel; to cut

off.

Chcung
jfjj

bQo jC ko Bfln-kong

^ f^

CHEUNG

84

CHEW
^ J.
«

^"pt^

3

Ar'Aa

tkh

moofS ji kap BUn-kong

To

follow behind, to accompany

;

kong, treading on the threshold, they informed

Bun-kong-, &c.

See

^^
j^

Beng-choo.

Cheung jt^km,
lAngi
e

Chiiung gno chea, k6

Y6w

e

^fj^£

Tekng

cheiing

Cheung

^
Ig

k^d
it

se

Yiiti

e,

he that accomp'anies

ieb'^S
^

cUng, me,
will

not be

Y6wJ

See the

to be swollen.

J^ |^

.

Keak chleung

fflS

,

^'ha cheng,

*
Chew

Seang

lun.

P

_

A

boat, a vessel

:

chewkesey che
'''"^"

Cheun

a swell:iocr of the legs.

-jTp
§ nJ
Teung

^

-$: Fit

M>

^^

'^'^'^^

sky kaou dy may, wherever boats

or carriages have travelled.
All, the whole,

See the VO .S"

many

:

cheiJtngjtn

Cheung

^
J^t^^
tek

A

yflng.
te ch'heen le tey,

cheiing l&ng, all people.

P'hitma ya6u

k'heng chew

Kw^a koe

put k'ho e tek cheiing

6 ko ban teflng san

^ ^ ^ g^ ^ ^
le

chey, the

few certainly

cannot

contend

bay p'haou chaou ch'heng

dy

ley, K'hin k'hin
8ti>"a,

with the many.

Hwan
rjrj

ae cheung j6 ch'hin jln
^

^^

^^^
all,

&y chan
horse
miles

i

koiy ban teUng dy

with one

we

have

gallopped

over a thousand

hwHn ae
&y
J&ng,

cheiing Idng, j6 ch'hin

of country, and with a light boat

we

kin woo jin

to generally kind

have sailed past ten thousand ranges of
>

hills.

but intimate with the virtuous.
SiJang lun.

See the _£^
chiiung.

Also written

^

To

Chew
to seek and

/UL
1/
-^f

cover over, to conceal, to hide

:

sfly

chew

e be

che chuy pey

gwd dy

^ H 'd who H,
ho,

will

Cheun

Leflng cheung ra|

conceal

my

excellencies.

See the

j^ ^^

not meet with.

Kok

hong.

To

plant, to

sow; cheung ch'hae
cVhai,
to plant

Garrulous,

many words;

to speak

Cheung

JS

^

Chew

'

c/i^ng-

much.

vegetables.

kok S!n-16ng kaou bin cheung gnoe
^k.

jjj^

^ @ -^ ^
To

^

The

axle or cross-bar, in front of
;

}

Sin-I6ng kh bin

cUng

Chew
Eng-k'ho

a carriage
carriage,
sijuk

sometimes put for a

gnoe kok. Sin-long taught the people to plant
the five kinds of grain.

heep

chew,

6

choe

|^

^
it.

^%%
Cheung J^\\^

follow, to comply with; from,
of.

ch-hea, e ke"d,

Eng-k'ho-seuk

took the carriage
with

out

A surname.

Also written

under

his

arm,

and walked away

l>^
ISf

/)^ Cheung.
leflng,

Yin cheung

hong cheQng hoe

^^
Chew

See the

^
A

\^.

Cho twan.

J-^

1^

,

hwHn Vhhn

ieUng, hong thin

hoe, clouds follow the dragon,
tiger.

and wind the

See

the^

^

rdh

keng.

^

flock

of

little

birds,

chirping

to<rether;

a cry of

distress.

CHEW
To
circulate,

85

CHEW
Chew

U

Chew

perambulate,

to

revolve.

m
^ >

ers

High land

in the midst of water,'
river.

an island in a

Chae ho

chechew5^^;^))H,'««'S

island of the river. kvng iy chew, in the

Round,

all

round, complete, univer}

Chew
(Tn

sal,

liberal

a surname.

Kwun

cho6 chew jS put p*

7^ -^

^

Chew

Deceitful; to cheat

T^ KV

!cviuh

cKoo
is

iy ling chew ji b6

Ppf
Wine, fermented
liquor.

pi, the

good man

liberal

and not narrow
Siiang lOn.

SU chew
to

minded.

See the J^.

f^

Chew
Con-

soo hong K'hong-choo chew l«w

^^ ^
sd Ae"?.

JS
first

>& jQ
wine.

cheih

chiw,

drink

v#'pC| H^^

K'hong-choo chew Ihn
all

tek "cbok chew

^ ^ i^ P
sKn g^o

,

ff<

'**

fucius rambled round about

parts.
1

Ay hwan
chew

ehi chiw, the north-western foreign-

Chew pe
ch6y

H^

^ ^,

completely prepared

invented

wine.

completely provided.

E' oi che chew, j« h"6

^M

P

Chew chgy

tu supply the

ho iy u«, E'

disliked the best wine, but loved

Chew
/

want* of the poor.

S06 che seang
tae e leo

virtuous words.

chew

%-Z.^

Yew

chew soo seen scng chwan

7^

^^
hc''a

chew chty, make them

provide for one another.

Jjb. ri:

^1

woo chiw pooVS

hoi pay

dte'ih, if

when we have

wine and

food,

we

Chew

\W
Ife^

^

k A district, a

department. Chew,

hiien
*"**
A

give

it

to our parents and elders to eat,

—(how
piety
!

%

^

smaller

"**"' ^'"' ^"^" ' Chew ho6 districU.

can

this

alone

be

considered
lOn.

filial

)

See the J;^

^

Sean^

a colony. a capital of a district,
sin, hfing

Gin put teung
chew
16,

tok keng.

_^^su^

Saou chew

^^ »^

,

* besom, a

hfing

hoe chae

^ 1^ ^\B
hi
tit

jut

fT

Chew

^"fc,^fc

broom. Seaou-k'hong ch'hcy cbok

T^
k'hong
first

kechew/j;j^^j^^f.,
invented

wS

b6

Hung
li,

rin,

tig

ki"6. fce"i

tok

king, tuy

cho saiu chiw, SeaouSeiou-k'hong k'hi ch'hey

chew

Vham

ly

chae,

when

a

besoms.

See the

=^

Dor tnan^s words are not faithful and sincere,
his actions true

"fr Swat ban.

and respectful, although

in

A

,

The name of a

beast,

found

in the
acs,

his native district and village,

how can

he get

Chew

^3C |-t|

west,— about the size of an
in

forward

!

/^l*y
The
turnings

shape

like

monkey, and

and

windings of

expert in climbing

trees.

Chew

stream.

^
ChetD

Read sew:

to keep, to guard, to

^^Ef
\I
hat

Uke

care of.
»o

Sew keng

«j^

chiw km^S,

keep watch.

"^^ Sew

Chew

chek

Chew

^UPp,

the noise

made

iMijh^

chew mciCh, to

Uke

care of any

by

infants

and children.
thing.

CHEY
Sew,
sijuk wily tae?

86
sin wfly tae

CHEY
Beng ho6 suy yln ok, ek kok y6w
p'hit chey

«ew

^
of
all
?

k'Mh twd
cares,

?

ckiw Idn pin
is

sin k'htth twa,

dy hoi suy king

si p'ha"i,

ySa kok woo

p'hit

which

the most important
personal

— The
is

chey, fierce tigers,

although they may
each

be call-

care of one's

own

conduct

the

ed

savage,

yet

have

their equals

and

most important.

See the

"]^

j^
Chew

Hay
se

beng.

companions.

To

swear ; an oath.

Chew

flcr PM^

^ ^^
Bin

To

ascend, to go up.

Chey pe kong
cheats '
^J'

XU

chiw chwa, to take an oath.

Chey

iff^
hall.

tSng

^'^^^,
up

ho6, chek k'hwat k'hoe choe chew

kong long, to ascend
See the

to the public

K ^- iJ 1 P i-a
with an oath.

Pit

,

p'^''

"""'

^"^ '''

^

M

Kok

hong.

chiw Ic'hwat ch'hiiy chiw chwA, when the people have any disputes, they open their months
See
the.

tS

"*

'*^

m

Sed"S

si.

Chey
rail-

_»- To Jpfi^
*

involve, to be pushed in, or let

fall.

Seiou jln

16 j6

b6o choo,

'Jy^l
scolding;

te

e chey 6 koe hok /j^ /\^

^
kaou

Ch'han chew

Chew

"^

ing words.

chae ey chey sak ling laou ji id ke"d,

te

hok

i,

the

little

one

e. ( i.

I) being old, and having
shall

Read choo: a kind of insect that

Chevi

no children, know that I

be shoved into
I die ).

eats wood.

some ditch or another,-( when
to,

See the

^ ^

Then; to go
complete.

to approach to;
t5,

^ '^
Chey

Ch6 twan.

Chew

^r*»

Chew yew

j^ chdng
I— i

A

into sheaf of corn; to bind corn

a bundle.

chew wah woo
approach the

to

ij/

Idng, j6 ehe^d ka

te,

to

virtuous,

and adjust one'sself

To

ascend, to go up.

Chey

t

kcw

by them.
Jit

cheang gwkt chew

|^

^
;

fc /»

'"*''«

Chey
kiw
cemeteries.
ling, to

ascend up to the nine

daily advances,

and monthly improvements.

To

present,

to send as a gift.

Seaoucjhi:

Chew

To

load, to burden

to contemplate.

Chey

JP^^
-y

kg cheang p5 chong Pek sew
chey" ,|.

A

great bird,

found in the south,

Ml m

^

ffi

^^

SHou-chong Payh,

sew e 6y cheang
re-

Chew

with a yellow head, red eyes, and

of a variegated colour.

Qu.

the

officer the Sea6u-chong PSyh pe &y chey, of silk and cloth. the

ceived

presents

A cerUin
Even; a
sort,

sweet vegetable,— capsella

a

class.

Go6

chey
us,

Chey

^j(

351

f>
'

H

1^ ^

gwdn Ay Ung,

we,

Chey

pursa pastoris.

Ki kam
,

je chey

Chin Teng t6ng chey

^ ^P |^
the Chin

JF^
chSo"S

Jt -^
chey,

^^
hong.

« -i^ «««"^ ^'''«''

as sweet as the eie^r vegetable.

Chin kok kap Teng kok ting

chei/,

See the

Md

Teng

and alike. countries were equal

M M. Kok

CHEY
Chey
"^

87
son
is

CHEY
not a

^l1
J"*!
I

''"'' '"''
dicinal

^ ^^
pieces,

'

"'* '*"'•

"'

human

being, but

j» the mother

of the western king, metamorphosed into this
form.

drugi.

JrJJijL

To

cut to

to

cut up into

naiuce raeat.

Jn^
Chey

To

sacrifice,

a sacrifice.

Chey

biit

pC2^
#-^^
Choo

^^,

chiymei''h, an offering.
sin chac.

Cheyjfichae, chey sin je

Chey

v^ji^^ The

noise of

many

voices.

wat, go6 put

€ chdy, j6 put chey

^
^
tit.

^'^A^X>^> ""^^
Chey

^*''"''

"''"'^
ti

^ To6
l-j

chey

^

loi chai, the navel.

til,

chiy stn bing ch'hin cheo"^ tin bing
king,
chiy,

Hoo-ehoo
ched''S
b6

gmd

i6

cho
(

po6

tkiy, ch'hin
)

sacrifice

to

your ancestors

To

present, to send.

:^: Cheyse^
Ma-wan-wuy

as though they were present, and

sacrifice to the

Chey

to

send

a

letter.

G»Qy^6
Md-wan

chey

se

||

g^
Choe
e

were present. gods as though the gods
fucius said,
if

Con-

|5^

I

am

not personally engaged
to

t'het/ Gts.'ug-gi>

chey p'hay.
in the sacrifice,
it is

me

as if there was

no

Ma-wan

carried a letter for

GwQy-g6.
sacrifice.

See the

J^ |^

^^""B

'*'"•

Read

choe.

A surnatne.

Loe
^"^

Chey

hang ^fi
»eo p'hih,

:^

# 1^

,

<^*^J' '"'P

the Chey country went to

Ch.,

war with the Lod country.

See the

J^ j^
Chey

^^
,

Kt'T^ The

name of a kind of

grain.

Seang beng.

A meeting
a season.

together; an opportunity,

T6ng GS che chey "m,
'"»

The name

of a stream

;

also, full

and abundant.

Chey
>

chey to soo
''''^

JJ\
and Ci.
fc

^^ ^
To
^^°'° '*"^y
b6

«''«

*'«"« "f Tfing

^ "^ ^ i
t'hak

''^^ **"^ ^^

be pained, to be troubled.
^'^"'^

Bo6

cKhii/h

ling,

abundant

indeed was the

multitude of scholars.
gn4y.

Seethe y4\^SSe&ou

Chey

^^^ /,^f\

^
to,

^

^ ^'
distress

ka
it.

ti

hw&n

do not

yourself about

% __

Elder

sister:

Ch6y

W« H
•^^
Seaou ch£y

chey chcyjfflflQ^,

a respectful
females.

mode of

addressing

Chey
'<^<>

The

cessation of rain

%

fair weather.

/K j(Q^.

chH,

little

miast

my

To

supply,

to

assist,

to regulate,

young

mistress.

Chey
This, these.

to settle, to cross the vater.
ch'hfi

Kew

Chey

jln put sejin, nae
lad

che

le,

ban bin i chey

Q

Chey

* -^i"

se sey

dng bde,

hwa

sin

l"^
cke^t.

ban Idng i chiy,

by the profiU of the

# ^ ^n^i^
'ft
,

'**^ '^^

""^

**" **

""^' ""*
per-

pestle

and mortar, the wants of myriads of people See the

ti tae 6ng ay

Uy,

lat

hwi

tin, this

are supplied.

^ ^^

i'«'« *«»«••

CHEY
Chey

SB

CHHA
beard and leen

much may

be

considered as

WHf*^

Useless words, garrulity.

extensively learned.

^*fc
The name
of a stream of water.

Read cho

:

to

sit

down. Ch'heng cho
pray
sit

Ch?1/

^|v ^"^ ft Jp ^ ^
^

^, ch-he''i chey,

down.

Sek put cheng

put cho

Hj ^^

ch'heSh bi ti cKe"il, bo boiyh chey,

A

kind of grass, of whicb clotk

is

if the
sit

mat was not put square, he should not
it;

jnade.

down upon
Ira ®'^°S

—said

of Confucius,

in the

-t
K* The name
of an insect.

'""•

Cb5, gn6 b«ng g6 cho6
chey,
Sir,

^ f^
le

f|^

ff
to

^f-,

gwa bing bing kap
and
I will

kon^,
it

sit

down,
you.

clearly

explain

See

The

navel.

Se

chfiy

hB kip yf^

Kt.

^t ^-

Beng-cho8,

toe chai,

*|

boiifh

an <^w"d ey kip kaou,

if

wantit

Ch'ha

An

auxiliary

word, seldom used.

ing to cat one's own navel, how could
got at
!

be
)

— used
(

to express an tmpossilrility.
to set

V-

The hands entwined
kwun, yaou
sew chin
siiftng

together.

Jip
jin,

To

regulate,

rigtit,

to put

Ch'ha

^^M^
jj^

cheet,

hong

ChSy
chfiy

in order.

A surname.
te e chfiy hia

Pit cheang

sew ley e chSy te&ou, oheng hwat
kwan, pgng

^y^ ^r ^C A =^

too

cb^haX^^ 'tilt, <^^^^
j'P

kwun,

y'eo

sedng

iiL^^j^

cheet,

teoh l&ng,

cVhew

chin cKha,

when

entering a district, the loins are constantly bent;

Wl ;^
,paCS

Bi

lek k'jhak teSh sew liy toe e chiy

and when meeting with people, the hands are
always joi«ed->->(ia making complimettts).

te&ou ting,
te e

che"a

hwat

tot

e

cMy

chd kw^a,

ch(y piyh sai^,

we

must certainly

cultivate

propriety
the

in

order to regulate the
regulate

court,

adjust

laws in order to

Ch'lia

the

officers,

and equalize

the government in

PP

flry* To

boil,

or fry

^ny

thing.

order to regulate the people.

Said by

^^
Ch'ha Ch'ha

#i"*^

Ch'ha chey

Sun

cho6.

^^

^

missing sne's

Chey

yl/jfJ^To

taste,

to

eat.

Chey

J^ ^OjS

Read

to

:

many, not

few,

much.
many.

^
^
.

To

be angry, Xo be enraged.

Sim to

:^ ^^ Sim chey, very
"'''' ''"'"*
J

.

^_ To
\g^

boast, to brag

;

to deceive.

Kam
fla,.

^ Pi M* %• ^£ if twui^
iy
ling,

^^^

To

bfin

keen chea, hak che p'hok
*'*""'

Ch'ha

g;ll X»
sion*.

gan ch'ha

ge-^^^t£^

teriog «»rds and boasting expres-

chi p'hok kak, those

who have

CHHAE
ChUa
ch'ha

89

CHHAE
Bun
ch^hac

paper

money ;

^—^^
j

^

chei^S ch'hi,

to take.

Ch'hae

^r jf^

^

variegated, or«

namented.

To
Ch"h4 k'ho

pluck,

to

pick,

to

gather.

^ :^

1° examine, as

Ch'hae

Ch'hae t4y

i$ "^ ,

to gather tea.

at the public examinations.

San yew beng s6w, I£y-hok wuy
che put ch'ha6

Kwan

ch'hae

^ j^

^

^ \t^. ^^ ^
"""" ''^"^

tiw"a
^

cVU,

21 '^ t^

*"'""
'

**"'

'^3'"^<'*

""J*

a coflSn.

e bi ban, wheuj the hills are

infested

by

wild

animals, the l£y-hok herbs are not gathered.

Ch'ha

l.t> ^®*^ I^CIb^ k'ho

eh'hafi: fire-wood.

Tae chea
seaou chea
J.J*

sek

wuy che

sin,

Ch'hew ch'hae
estimation.

'^

Z^S"^
tuia 6.y

hap sok wtiv che ch'ha6

^ "^

Ch'hae

^

«"
,

hold in

9$ ch'h.6^;^Mft^^rW'<.
Idng bi ch'hew ek'hMi,
to

K'han jin bo6 ch'hew

Hhang p''hwi king

k'ei

tin, tig Ay hap tok

look down upon a

koiig keb

cKhi, the great pieces of fire-wood,
split,

which can be

are called

logs;
in

and the

Ch'hae
bundles,

Le&ou ch'hae

^

ffi. a fellow stu-

small pieces that

are

bound up

dent, a brother officer.

*
Ch'hae

are called faggots.
.rU'.-i>'

To
Ch'hae ch'hoe

pluck, to gather; also; variegated

To

.mv'in.;. i,. gness, to suppose.

Ch'hae ^ItP*

colours.

Gnoe

ch'hai

5. >^ "^
'

3h iH

'" "^""jecture

wrong. Got

choo ek yew ch'h«e ySen
jjj;

-^ +

>^^^^
Ch'ha^

five colours.

ch'hafc hod-*,

pok

gftn ch'hai

che

you,

/^ |m my good

^

^

^

e^i

(ty

Choi yid woo cp'hae,
th'haiu, tae

sir,^

have your suspicions.
a bodkin.

kay

lat bdn

e, let

u* go and gaus

^7«^ A
Ch'hae

ther the
hair-pin,
yit

hod-d

Kim

plant

;

I

te

say let

go and

p6
gather
it.

See the

p ^yr

ch'hae

song, k'ho yaou

»6w,

^ J^
Hwa

Kok
;

hong.

Variegated

colours

bright

and
or-

g

1

'"a ti

ting pi ch'hae chit tUy, I'hang
I

yaou

Ch'hae

shining.

ch'hae

^£ 3^

Vhiou,

now

send

you

a pair

of precious

namented.

bodkins,, that
Alii
/J;il-'

may adorn

yoar- head.

^^^^m A large tortoise;
Ch'hae
An
auxiliary

a rnle. Vulg. c**»i.

Ch'hae

r j§^

word

r

not

^^aL
bUn-teung

-si rwtJ.

^

* surname.

Chong-bfln-ti-Qng ke

ch'haa|^^j,|,^--^^CWch'hdng $i

chai hoi tw6 koo

k'hii,

Violent, strongr highly gifted; foog

Chong-bQn-teQng made a bouse for
tortoise to dwell in.

a

large
iQn.

Ch'hae

^>
eft'Wii
is

bearded.

Kfi jin

be-

ch'be"a ch'hae

See the

Jh ?&

Seang

The name of an
kwi
ho ch'huy cKhew, the
fine beard.

insect,

whose venom
Ch'had

ch'hai"^

man

Ch'hae

ir_l,fc>

lie* in its tail;

a scorpion.

handsome, and has a

16 j6w tok, hoDg kwun che fhcfiog

:feH'HAl&

90

CH'HAI

NG

Gin-cho6 ch'hai yew put seen, peen

te che;

^^ )
is

cKhai
te

i.y

bSiy woa tok, hbng

kwun

lb

An

ch'hae te che, peen keng, put bfing chok

gS
ho.

iwd seo

hoe, in the tail

of the scorpion there
in

poison,

how much more

your honorable

Jl^ |g^

^ B^ 1^
a
tM
too

,

GAn-choo too too a

u™

young-er brother.

peen chae
fhi,

4 chae

e,

pienkdt/, bd kSh
fault, than

Gin-choo no sooner had a
it;

he

The

portion ,«( territory allotted to
chief officers.

Ch'hae

nobles, and e long

Seem
tey

immediately knew
it,

and as soon as he knew
it,

he instantly amended
it

Chew-kong che ch'hae

and did not prac-

tice

again.

Chew-kong

i.y

cKhah

tit/,

to the

eastward

of

A
Ch'hag

wolf.

So

lek put wan, se ch'hae

Sijem was the territory of Chew-kong.
the

See

>6ng yea

-^

1^ =E Kok„g6:
e,

^^
se ch'hai long,
is

-j^

,

i^^ Pf^ J| *e"a so teim lek «"» kiw

^,

^^

a man, who, when a

sister-in-

Vegetables.

SU ch'hae

•^ 3^^
JJI

<:heih

law
wolf.

drowning, will not help her, must be a

Ch'hae

ch'hai,
fast.

to

eat vegetables only, to

See the

"K

^ Hay
Cheih,
if

beng.
sit

Ch'hae kwa

2^

cucu-

Toe

pe ch'hag hoe, ch'hag hoe put

4^

mis Japonicus.

Suy soe

soo, ch'ha^ keng, kwa,

chey pit chae

hoi,

ch'hai hoi u"'

you threw them

to the wolves and tigers, the wolves and tigers

op

W

J

sut/

ch'hoe

&y cheih, ch'hai Che"^, kap

would not eat them. See the /J\ Jtt Seaou goiy.

Jcwa, kabu chiy tek k'hak teSh chae kai, although

we have nothing but coarse provisions,
TPgetable soup, with melons, yet when we
to sacrifice

— and
come
See

Read soo

:

ttf

sacrifice.

Soo ong
Sacrifice

jjip

T^
an

^

ch'hae

ang^-^to
'
;

to

we must do
^*^^°S ISn-

it

with reverence.

idol.

^•'

_t

^
A

The
Ut?

eyes fixed,
Jr.'
'ij:,.'!
•>

and

not revolving

or .wand^ing about.

Ch'hae

sickness.

^\^%
F-J V
fire^wood.

Vulg. cA'W: fire-wood. Sewteetsin

Chattering, garrulity.

sin ch'hd,

collect

and

st4>re

up the

Read ch'hap

:

to stick into, to pierce.

A surname.

Ch'hap hwa

M

ip^

,

cKh&h hwa,

to stick flowers in the hair.

A
Ch'haS

burnt

sacrifice,

offered

up

to

Read

heaven, b^ the Emperor.

cb'heng

:

azure,

blue.

ch'hai f^S
Just now, just then, then, thereupon;
near, immediatel7
cb4iA«.
:

g^— rri
aan
l)o6

Cb'heng b«ng -H"
mai"S, blind.

^cA'iai"*
t'hog; leuk

also' written

^h

Ch'hepg
suj

put

16,

swat j>ek

yew,

Jjtuig

jfion been

f^

ji|

^

CH'HAl

/NG
)

91
chuif, tok

Cft'HAM
gwd
chit

ling ch'hai"^, this age
I

is

?fi

,

ch'hai"S

tw"M 66
lek

labu,

ISk tayh

chew
hong

altogether intoxicated, and

alone«m^wake,

teoo pdi/h t'haiu;

cMy

bo

kwAn

li,

V
Ch'hai^S

A

Read ch'heng:

cold, chilly. Ch'hin

ch'hoet/

chew

xvoo jeiou bin, the

azure niouo-

taias
falls

grow not
they

old,

and yet whei) the snow
heads;
the

^^P

•nQ
Ckhai^S

ch'heng ^*g,cft'A.-,r*'A-<»ff,
beautiful.
;„«,i-rif)

have

hoary

green

waters are not troubled, and jet when the

The sound
of metal,
gong.

of metal, the ringing
the -baiting

wind blows Ihey have a wrinkled

face.

of a

Read ch'heng: I^IJ * \ leeks; full and Ch'hai^S _" _
1

the

flowers

of

luxuriant.
huian
^

Hwan

k
Ch'lmk

Read

cb'hat:

to examine.
,

Ch'hat
(to

1^

ch'heng

^ ||

cfc'A.f"*",

^£^

''"g^

eh'httk

Aw"*",,

indigo, the indigo plant.

inspect the watch.

Read

seng: a star.

H^o kim

seng

Read ch'huk: a
a chisel.

chisel-; to

cut with
tae

Ch'hai^S
a
Jit,
fire-fly.

Ch'bok san t'hong

hac',

Icen sek po^ Iftm t'hecn

^^

gwat, seng sin, hey yeen
'

H H
'*'

^^

»lj

ii ;^

)ft-

^^M
the sun,
(viz.

S ^ ti I^ 5^'
^

'"'''"

^"' ^''^**" <^*'*«'"^ »'"'
stars «re

'«**,"•

nr'a Chang twa hai, nei"^ chiSh poi lam f Are"*',
chiselling through a hill, to afford a passage
for the sea;

moon, and

hung up therein

in the heavens).

and melting stones, to repair the

P'hd ji
seng

pok

(In

ke

sey,

J{

cheung

southern heavens;
pretend,
difficult!)
i

(all

this,

as the Chinese

keiing

che

ff ^Q
chae,

:^t

^ ^- ^
Ch'ham
\rv^i,»

having
'!

been

done,

what

then

is

;

i'lr-f.

I'l

tin

k'hei e

At/

to

ji chikng cKhai^S

keiing e, like the northern star, which ^ests
in its place,
it.

^V
^J^^

'to ffnxs/i^hieni

;

to be equal to

;

to

wait upon, to
:»','?"e»«y

visit.

Kong ch'ham
>">"l^

and

all

the stars

move round
(.•.•;.l'i!>

See the

J2

^

Selag

lOn.

.1^,

:.'.

^ # % i.

Read seng: raw, uncooked. Kwun

.nn,flff*,**'^«> "'/^f"^ ."y< ">"'» which equals .that of heaven ?nd earth; an expression
foolishly applied by the Chinese to their sages.

Ch'haiH
kwun

sod seng, pit seuk j6 cbeen che

_tf»
soi hei

>v A carriage borse, two horses appended
**"

cKhafS &y mei"h,
e,

pit teSh chi

Ch'ham fc^'^
m'I ..-

tek jt chehn

when a prinde bestows on
should
§j|j

us raw food, we
offer it

cook and then Seang
lun.

*7

^^
— said

'^^'(**i^-

SeAng I'hwat ch'ham

6.,cbeng che

f B^ i: la
e,

It.
to

chap chap t'h4ou big t hoi

be frequently
it

Sec the _J^

took a horse from his carriage, and gave

him;

Reads£ng:
to be
jfi

to

awake, to arouse,

friend.

of Confucius, wheh he met an old ''iq ;dli»f laiin.oT

awake.

^

kae

cli^y,

gno tok sing

^

iji;

^^

Ch'ham

#

The same

as

0,

ch'ham.

To

visit.

CVham

keen

^^

^iik'ham

kef^S,

to wait upon.

^6iiHAM
Ch'ham loe
ch'ham laou, to

!^

CH'HaM

leak out, to drip through.

Ch'ham

Ch'ham hwOy Imi

'[|S

to repent, to

regret exceedingly.

A fine

appearance, a man's name.

J^K Ch'ham ^^JEl/
Ch'ham
1

Ch'ham ge
divination.

^ SI Ho6

a prophecy, a

ch'him

^^ '^

,

a charm.

Ch'ham

The name of a

tree.

To

be

ashamed.
*«"'"'
,

Ch'h&m k'hwiiy
**
•'S

^1 1
i

^ \%
of.
I

'^i''

ashamed

A sharp
Ch'ham
JJI^'tT*^

instrument, a plough-share.
I

il^^H
liy

Go6

Sim ch'ham 6 Bing-choo
«"''"

Te4ng ch'ham, teftng ch'ham, pek
bok p^ng, gno seng t'hok choo
e

^^Mt^^^-,
Beng-choo,
feel

'*'" "'"'^ '"""""

very

much ashamed

before Beng-choo.

..

pij/h ch'hd pai"S,

gwd

sai"S t'hok

U

i,

chd me"a,
!

Ch'ham

The same

as the preceding.

the long plough-share!

the long plough-share
;

with the white wooden handle Uve, we depend on

as long as

we
life.

Ch"h4m g4m

of this, for the support

^^
hill.
;

,

a lofty and

Ch'him

precipitous

Ch ch'ham

^^12 A small
To

kind of

chisel.

To

be greedy

to eat without being

Ch'hamna-^f*
assist; to pierce;

»«"'"'="• satisfied.

"": ^" pat "^"j «"" Buy sit f-"^ kew, bo6

sharp.

T'heen
star.

f^j5^
iS ^L
t'ham

ch'ham b6ng
eheSh
pdj/h

^^\jl%
kaou
hwiin,

Ch'ham

ch'ham

^^
;

suy

yea

b6

^

the

name of a

cheah

dy me''d se"a, although

he eats

not the eight or nine tenths, yet he has
Grieved, pained
painful, miserable,

name

of a glutton;
is

— said

of the sun, when the

moon

Ch'ham

f

wretched.

Yew sim

ch'ham ch'ham

eclipsed.

leera kok che geak ^> JQ >& ^^

y^^>

A

cunning

rabbit.

Yeak

ch'him

"^
4\i,>

iSw
fci=l

17 TS <—

/-^

htedn
>

16

du sim
^

kui''a

cVhdm

Ch'ham ^/^02J>
y'eak ch'hdm
teih, the

ch'ham

t'hoe,

ge k'heen hek che

cKhdm, leem kok ay pi
ful

g'eaU,

with a sorrow-

mind,

miserable and wretched, pondering

cKhdm dy

t'hoi,

too teSh kaou, hoe e

over the oppressions of the country.

See the

cunning rabbit, frisking about, when
is

^\ 1^
Ch'ham

Seaou gniy.

he meets with a dog,

taken.

See the f\\

&M

Seaou gnay.

>^1 To

meet with

;

past and done.

^ M»

To

revile, to slander,

to

backbite.

Ch'hSm "^^^S^ ^"° ^^^
.^'SvA
Mill*

^^^%

'^^^i

ch'ham gan kg

Ch'ham

^

^

Sand mixed

in food.

gwi dy yiw
k'hi,

teSh siy je,

sai p'hwi

dy wd

tit

my

friend

you

had

better

take care.

CHHAN
slanderous

93
about
to
arise.

CH'HANG
The
of a genr.

accusations

are

See the

/]>

^^

Seaou gnay.
6ng ch'han

Ch'han

Weak, cowardly:

3i
yvrC
TTp nTi

brilliancy

gofi

Ch'han

"^^^ seam of a garment

;

to unloosr.

"T^
country.

iy ong nooi"^ 6ng, our king

is

a

weak prince;

said of the

king of the

^

Tid

^

"'S- 'A'*'*'"
•>"*

a silk worm.

Gnoe

Ch'han
Ch'han
To
rail
at,

vl-jr.

.

che t'hek, se che c song, p'hit.

to scoM.

,^% J^

hooich'hftn che, jchek 16 chca

cheuk

The

noise of water gently rippling

Ch'han

along; the appearance of weeping.
Sfihg

^^g-oe
ch'hing

boi dy I'hkyh,
e,

ching
laou

e

i

se^, pkit

gwat long ch'han wan
I' hit

Wi
chiiy

^

^H
amuse

hod ch'he ch'hdm
Itcan
i,

cheie

dy cheuk kaoufive

'

"^"^ ^"^^^ ATeifl"^

fho l'he"a

a tenement of

acres,

if

&y khw"a k'hni^a la6u, availing ourselves
moon-shine,
let

of

the

us

go

and

pUnted with the mulberry tree, and. silk worms fed on it by a single woman, will enable theold people of a family to wear
silk.

ourselves with the slowly rippling water.
Jk

See the

To

eat, to swallow.

WQy

choo che

Jt
Ch'iian

^
I-

^^""2 bing.

Ch'han

''o^'

S''^^gt

*"6 gno put Ifing ch'han

My
I

}^^
not
eat.

^j^ I

Read

tefin

:

a

field.

Keng te«n

j^
kip

way

It

dy yetn koi, tat gwd bey cheih,
I

fQ

,

fA** ch'hdn, to cultivate the

ground.

on your account,

am

"Egno kong

Icfn,

si'iv

so-affected, that I can-

Ch'han

^ X/^^ ^
Jt
too't"^,

^

A meal.
Bwan

Yit ch'han hwiu

_^^
rice.

has. li

gwd dy kong
rain

ch'hdrl,
fifst

luy

kip

gwa dy

lae k'hea ch'hdtt,
field,
fields.

cW' 1001"^ pooi"S, a meal of
ch'han

upon our public
private

and then
See the

let it

come upon our
Se-iou gnay.

|]^ the evening meal ; the Lord's supper.

^^

mat"S hv,ui"e

/]» jj^

Ch'han

A

*j^>p
red colour; also,

K«*«'

ch'hong:

an onion.

Kbey

dampi' moist.

Ch'hang

>^^
i^^Lk^
cA'Aanff,

^
Read

^''^hun
,

yung ch'hong

^ ^ |^
j,u„^
season,

''*^^* *<** '*'*"» t'hfe^'e
flesh

ffi*'^

a duster.

eating

in

the
it.

»pring

Ch'han

Ch'han tok

we should use onions wtth
ch'hing ISh,

See the

to dust the table.

^E
Ch'hang

Ley

ke.

Ch'han

r)^

Bright, clear.

Ch'han Ian

W

^

ch'hong:

clear,

intelligent
,

Ch'hong bcng
mc''d, clever,

^

pjj

ch-hang

handsome, elegant.

\lf\^

intelligent.

Ch'han

Rice, food, victuals

;

elegant

;

clear.

Ch'hcmZy^<%

The

hair dishevelled.

CH'HAOU

94

CH'HAP

Not

straight,

all

in confusion.

Ch'haou

#

•^

Vulg. ch'hd: to

fry,

to

cook any

thing without water.

Read

ch'hdng:

fond

Ch'hdng'^S4'AL

Ch'ham ch'h6ng ch'hong
ch'hdng, to

m Wf §^
Wj

of eating.

Ch'haou ^m/iifj

To

joke with pleasing words
;

;

to

whisper

to

disturb.

ck'Mm

he greedy.

Ch'haou
i^?'il'^ To take^
to copy, to transcribe;

A

wry

face, a

crooked mouth.

also written

M? -ch'haou.
Ch'haou

Read ch'ho

:

grass.

Sitch'hi-^M^
Song
pek
se so<j,

cheih cKhdou, to eat grass.
tey che

Cheang-chew

Ch'haou

To

catch

fish,

with fishing stakes.

ch^ho kae hwa

P^

^^

5^

^^
to

^_^

.j.j.|

^^

;ifj£ ^

Songdi/ ley kabu Cheang-chew
Idng, che"d

>>>
Ch'haou
hoo jin
cheo^S,

Filaments, thin threads.

Hoo
e

jin

cKhe thak cKh&i/h dy
cho po6
the

pSyh eJChdou

ch'hAn

ch'haou,

e wfly

hok

k'hwuy

h«ia,

when the emperor of
Cheang-chew, to
all

Song dynasty came

yung ch'hdm

&j/

sw^d, i cho s"a

}/in

CKamine the scholars, hundreds of plants
j)ut forth their flowers.

women
worm,

use

the filaments
to

spun
clothes.

by

the silk

in order

make

•**>»> To
Ch'haou

.^r^

speak

for, or

on behalf of any

Ch'haou

ITC

Ch'haou
rice,

I^

fr^

^

J

a strainer for

made of wicker work.
stinking, Totten,
ill-

Read hew:
Ch'haou swat

^ i^

*"
,

borrow

Ch'haou
biiiyh

flavoured.

Hew
^

ok put

sit

]^
bo

Ch'haou

expressions, to

commit

plagiarism.
liiy

^ ^ /^
not eat;

ch'hiou

p'bd"e

Bo6

ch'haou «wat. boO

tong

cheih, the -stinking and

bad he would

— said
To

of Confucius.

siiSyh, fi"*

Chang lAy

ting,

do not commit
See the

pla-

giarism, do not use tautology

||

Ch'haou

-square accounts, to

pay up

all

differences.

1^

Ley

ke.

Read ch'ho:

to bold in the

hand;

To stick

in, to

pierce.
stick

Ch'he ch'hap
to thrust.

Ch'haouJtpP
\^^^^
Be

.^ ,

to exercise.

Ch'ho leen

Jan.

WS

,

Ch'hap

m Wl


.

in,

ch'haou leen, to drill soldiers.
e,

leng ch'ho to, j6 so6 kat, se6n :put pae

Ch'hap teep

,a

little

person.

Ch'hap
boey ey
ch'haou
to,

ji sai kwah mee"h, cheo

a dwarf.

u"^ pae, if

though unable to handle a knife,
it is

a person be set to cut an; thing,
that he will not spoil the

seldom

Ch'hap

The

noise

of slicing any thing.

work.

CHHAT
Ch'bap
cards.

95

CH'HAY
Ch'hat

pa€

§j

to

shuffle

m
^T^

The name of

a tree

;

the sound of

waving trees and

grass.

A

noedle, a pick-axe^ a crow-bar.

Ch'hat

y^
-

To

-

speak

slowly,

and. personally

i—»

examine any thing.

Ch'liap heet
to

S^

jjj|_

cVhap hafyh,

draw blood,

in

order to confirm
hiiey,

Ch'hat

jryC^L To
jk
•¥->

rub, to rub out,

to

blot out,

an oath.
•choo hofi

KwQj-k'hew che
se,

sok seng chae

j8 put ch'hap heet

Readch'hip: the name of a stream;
"'*"'

Ch'hat
/^S
fflX -ifiL
5

)^yK^
f '^>
paint, to

' *""**

°^ varnish,

paint.

Kw6g-k''hevi &y Koeg, choo hot pak
se,

Soo ch'hip
varnish.

1^ j^

tae ch'hat, to

i'hadu saCS^ chae bing

ji bo ch'hap hoij/h,

at the assembly

of Kwuy-k"hew, the princes

of the empire
the sworn

tied

up the victim, and brought
without

(;%

Read chck^atbief.

Cho

chek

^
Hae

cho ch'hal, to turn thief.

contract,

drawing

their

blood
beng.

in

confirmation.

See the

"K ^^

chek
Hiiy

yfe

0W

hae cKhat, a pirate.

Hoe

chek
jfi

IM Hw

j A'fl5« cA'fca/, full

of

thieves.

Yew
To
receive, to

put sun ley, tijang

jft

bo4 sut yeen,
jfjj

Ch'hap

#-

obtain, to lead, to

(o j«

put soo, se wfly chek

cammcDce.

^
si,

>[^

^
han

Ch'hap

#
%

Many

words, garrulity, chattering.

Ch'hap ch'hap kan^ p^ch^htp ch'hap king,
to

pg |^
chatter.

J^ eL {^ sedou lein ji b6 ji M hnat tut, laou ji bej/
,

sun ley,
ae

/ti'O

kong keo

^

ch'hat,

in

youth

not

to

act
;

the part of a
in riper years,
-,

To

grandson or younger brother
examine, to search, to inquire

not to have an^ settled employment
<old

and

in
is

Ch'hat

5^^^^

into.

Kong

tae, chiiey seaou,

put

^ij^
>i\
Hiiji

bang
fj)
,

bfing ch'hat *»"«' '^ <"'«.
ch'hat,

J^

^Ac

^ ^
and

H /h.
^-A** '^M<

age not to be
is

(fit for

)

death; he
thiefr>
11
,

who

'Mcb

no better than «,
: '
1

<We*

2p
Wrong,
Ch'^iRv

i-,:.t
'

woo bSng bing

my

merit has been

erroneous^

uneven

-,

to

great,

my

fault trivial, only I have not had

send on a message.

Ch'hay che
"

the advantage of a <iear
fcy

examination-, — said

M

16,

bew

c ch'heen le
,

^^

L6-ieng.
jfi

Ch'hat g4n

kwan sek
Atf via, jf.

^

^ ^. ^
'^'

^E

i-^
chit

f*

M
16.

^
^'"^
)
(

'*'*-^ ^«'

W
at

]^ |^ ]£'
$ek,

It, ,biw

kHou

ch'heng

It,

varying
it

(

first

iing ch'hat ling

k'hw^i e Ag bin
hif

but the
length
)

down of

a feather,

may

differ

at

examine a man's words, and survey
tenance.

coun-

a thousand

"Ch'hay soo

3g

4rp

ch'hny sai, to send on

^X ^ A pillar,
Ch'hat

a flag-staS*; also, a pagoda.

an errand.

«|»)|
*'5nj',

Leit ch'hat seang bSng

^J

^jj

band»

folded

together,
take.

and

Ch'hay
a

row of pillars opposite

to each other.

XThe

intertwined; aho, to

CHHAY
Ch'hay

96

CH'HAYH

A^
jt^
/|^
:j|7

Ch'haycheyiJ,^^,
settled
in

unfixed, un-

mind.

Ch'hay

Brittle, easily

broken

;

infirm.

Ch'hay

The outer branches of

a tree.

Ch'hay

%^ To examine minutely. Ch'hay k'ho *° search and enquire. •^^S^^ S!

^

:>

_*" '-t

Chay kwan kg
sim,

jtn,

chck

siin

j6

Ch'hay

Uneven.

yea; sey ch'hay kg

chek kaou j6 yea

Idng,

chek ch'hin

cheb^^

sUn

sit;

Ch'hay

To

take under the arm.
ch'hay e

sedng sey

dy sim, chek ch'hin cheo"S kaou ktvet,

on just seeing the man, he appeared honest

and sincere; but on narrowly examining his

Ch'hay

it
%^.

Young, proud,

at ease.

heart, he appeared

cunning

and deceitful.

The

noise

of a multitude.

To

be angry, to speak in anger;

Ch'hay %
\g^
pfe

also written

p^

Ch'hay.

Read

ch5.

Ch5 h"d

;^^^ cKhay
goods, to buy

Ch'hay
To
boast, to deceive.

hoiy,

to forestall
in

Cheet

jin,

up a quantity,
the price.

order to raise

Ch'hav

"""^T^^

''"^y
k'hfi,

g^y te4ou
e

soo, pit leet

poe

tl

choo k'hwa ch'hay 'jm

^
Ch'hayh

Read ch'hek:

a book,

a record.

1^ "^
ke"d kap

Cheet-kang iy Idng, tak pde gay

HIH
s6y chai,

^*^

ch'hek s6y ch'hae,

kae

seng
JBj-

cheih ledou ting dy sod chid, pit pa6 leet poe

hegn che bfing gin ye&

3S

VhU

bdy dy peng,

t ka te

k'hwa

Mm/^mw±^ n M ^^
cho

'^ cft'/.«3/A 111,

-whenever cKhdy, the people of Cheet-kang,

po6

se

sing Jin gdou

Idng dy

they go to
insist

meet a messenger from the court,
their

bSng

wa, the things
are

contained in the books
sayings

on drawing out

horse and foot

and records,

altogether famous

soldiers, in order to boast

and make a shew.

of philosophers and clever men.

A privy 5^
A

\

mixed, impure.
ft'A

Lok ch'hay

Read ch'hek:

sorrowful.,

Song

ley

JHlj

ch'hay , to go to stool.

Ch'hayh
te"S'

che yaou- ae t'hong ch'ham ch'hek

hd dy Iky soi, che
in

t'e'dh

ae Che^a ch'ham
it

sickness; also,

recovery

from
ch'hUyh,

funeral

obsequies,'

is

only

re-

sickness.

quisite to feel anguish and sorrow of heart.

A

Read ch'hwat: a
brokenness of voice
lost,
;

handful.

Kim hoo
che to

the voice

broken and

Ch'hayh

tey,

yit ch'hwat t'hoe

-^

CH'HE
chey liy ley,
the
chit

97
now
of

CH'HE
wa,

ch'hSyh t'hoi ay chey,
is

wa

sit

chek ch'he, hoe seang

sit

yea m])

whole

earth

merely

a

handful

ground.

See thj iJi Im" Teung )'Ong.

JtS
at

-^
a,

-Ht

gei kang chedh chwd, chwd chedh
cheJth

To

lift

up the eyes, to look
to look angry. the

full

kap

kap a

gH

kang,

the

centipede

kills the

any
yftng

thing-,

Ch'hethe toad
dis-

snake,

the snake

eats the toad, and

^

15^

name of a
'he

poisons the centipede; thus they de-

vour one another.

Uict.
star.

T hcen

ch'he

^

name of a

[jf| ^

Sometimes confounded with wu^ Ch'he.

A
Ch'he

kind of hemp, without seeds

:

also,

^^%,%
Ch'he
fcl'CIi

The name of
for
its

a water bird, reputed

the

name of a

grass.

fidelity to its

mate.

Kwan

"^||-**
tiaoH

kwan

ch'he

k'hew.chaehdche chew
'"""'
,

Ch'he

ill fi 1%. ^ 7^ ± m
ty ch'he
k'hevo,

*-"

11
111
1^

A

clay

mound covered
of ascent.

with stones;

difficult

Iwi

ti

h6 dy chew, the
in

cooing turtle
the
river.

doves,

dwelling

an island of

Ch'he

The

neck.

See the

|^ ^^
-,

Se keng.

Ch'he

CJ
r^l _

To introduce

to walk slowly, without

>-

Marshy
grass.

ground,

overgrown

with

advancing; also,

an expletive.
a sore, an ulcer.
,

Ch'he

Yung chhe j^

^
2^

ja
away

K'he

si-l liiflng

jf hong che

Ch'he

Chut yew

peiig

ch'he chea, K'he
'/fj^

k-w"d ehicd leHlng ji hSy If chUy lek,

he drove

wOy w6n che

^ Ml^kj ^
iy
Idnf;,

^

the snakci and

dragons, and sent them

^Jl

^.
Ch'he

into the marshes.

See

'

^'"^

'^''"^

*"'"

'"'"* ch'he"^

^ -^

Beng-choo.

IChi

lat leap e

chwiii"^,

when any of

A

fly-blow

t

the eggs of flies laid in

his soldiers

had a sore or an ulcer, K'he would

raw meat.

suck

it

for

them 5—

who had such

,|^ a love for his soldiers, that he

said of Gofi-k'he

^

,

would do any thing for them.

Ch'he

The

wmc

with

the 'fcltoVing.

Chhe

A kind of monkey, to wait in order ^ y\ Wl to find an advantage against any. 'M_r*^
Lcing
o K'hck

ch'he kck Sc-hOng
>

Ch'he

Foolish,

unwise, simple; also, sick.

and K'hek ting haou buiyh p'hSh Si-h6ng, Lcftng
wailed for an opportunity of attacking Se-h6ng.

^^^^^
See the

it;5

M

'^'^^"^ '-"P '^'*'*

The female

of birds.

Tong kwat

ch'he
''"S

Ch'he

hcflng

PJ >^
literally,

iltjl

^

,

''"P

^ f^
M
Chek

Sod ke.
of a river.
the

ktcat ch'he heung, to try one's strength

The name

with any one

;

to see which

is

the

Ch'he-tcong
place.

Ch'he

>

man and
Sfly
te

'Which the

woman.
|||
^.f|

pb

name of a

oc che ch'he hcflng
'^''^

r*j
'"'^'

'^
"''"

ch'he

^1

^

,

a centipede

;

di
the

III

'*"•*'

''"'* ""

"

^^ ''""^
the

Ch'he

also called,

goS kong
ch'he
sit

^^

^zj,
si-&

gH
sit

knows the male and female of

rrow!

Sec

kang.

Chck

siia,

As 4^ Seaou

gnay.

e

A

CHHE
Ch'he
Ch'he heaou
prey.

98

CHHE
Walking
to

a

bird

of

Ch'he

slowly, without being able

get forward.

A
Ch'he

chicken

;

an animal that can eat
it

as soon as

is

born.

Ch'he
Keen
pe

To

walk

fast,

to

go quickly.
pit

Ch'he
woo
le

le pit

ch'he,

keen hae

^ *
Ch'he
pit

*P
-

Sickly; not thriving.

To

take, to lay hold on, to require, to

13 \^

receive.

\ a\g.

ChS)/h.

Loe-teung-

pit

teSh

kin /ce"d,

k'hw"d

woo hae

"^1
j6 bo6 chhe

Icen

wuy
ft}l

jin pa6 14n, kae hwun,

teoh s'eim pee"^, seeing an advantage, you should

hasten

towards
it.

it,

and

seeing a danger,

#
,

1

jl,

jou

A # 11 ^
hwdn
Iwan iy

^^.

fin lis -^X.
kail Idn,

Loe-teung-mn k&h lung pai
I'hdoii

should avoid

k'hwuy

ch'hut

Chhe

To

sod,j( bo bbiyh Vhllyh ch'hie"^, Loe-teQng-leen

laugh.
used
to
dissolve
difficulties,

and

disentangle

Ugly. Giiench'he

to ^^

handsome,

confused matters, for

people,

without taking
ke.

Ch'he

and ugly.

Je

kam

che cheaou but,

any money.

See the

4^ =^ So6
;

geSn

ch'he

chae

pe '^P'

^ "^
Ch'he
te

Extravagant

great, large.

Hong
e

p'hek
/fflf

sc4 ch'he, boo put

wuy

^

it/

cheb mei^h, ch'hin ch'hai^^ k'heep se

he

taou, like as

when a

inirror reflects things, the

kwa

ch'hea ch'he, b6 siy «"" A:"d, dissolute and

handsome and the ugly
represented
).

are there

(

faithfully

extravagant, and sticking at nothing.

See the

h
order, a series,

An
Ch'he
Kok yew

Ch'ham ch'he
/j^
^

put chfiy
uneven.

teng ch'he

^^ ^ ^ /& ^ ^

mixed,

Ch'he

,

kok woo

#
I JL*

^

S«ang beng.

^''''^''l^li.""^^-^"-

A

pestle.

Kew
P''^''^

ch'he

ting ch'he, each one according to

order.

Ch'he

Ty"^
I
I

''''''^'

^

|A: ^ ^"^ mortar. Chim
^

Q

koo

ch'he

Ch^he

A

vessel for

holding wine.

^^

^
to

teem cKhi, a stick

with which washer-m,-n beat clothes.

Ch'ham ch'he

Ch'he

^^
hills.

\m^ To
the

dwell,

rest in,

to

take up
j

uneven

Ch'he

appearance of

J^^i
kdn
luh
so

'in

abode.

Tek put

ch'he jtn,

een

chae, bd
til

twa

te

jin iy

way, boeyh

Ch'he

To

collect.

an chw''d ey
a

chb
fix

tt,

if in

selecting a residence,

man does not

upon a virtuous neighbour?

An insect;

also, stupid, foolish.

Ch'he-

hood, how

can he be considered wise
lun.

See thg

Ch'he
pSt/h s.al"S

y6w

"^ ~^,

the

name of a country.
f|^

-t
Put

pf) SeSng
e

Bin che ch'he ch'he
iy gai ga^>

j^ ;^ ^,
mob.

ke t6 tek che, put ch'he yea
"tiL >

t^e stupid

^ ?1 # >2. ^ y^

^ K[
^

*" ^*<^«<"' *

CHHE
(5
til

99
anything not

CH'HE

teoh, bo

hSiyh ch'he
to

two, le e,

obtained

according
)

the
in.

right

way,

(

the

Ch'he

£f
I

\

Congealed
in

;

not flowing

;

a hindrance

f "^
"V
.

the way,

preventing progress.

good man

does not rest

Vulg.

khe

:

the teeth.

K'hoe ch'he
of

Ch'he

Cb'he
ch'h6

rj
the

-^

ch'kuy
also,

k'hi, the teeth

mouth;

age.

Tfln b6ng
"''*"-^ *'*'

^
•k

To

stop, to ce.ise from.

hin^tj^M' "^"
when the
lips are

*"

Ch'he

kw"i,

will gone, the teeth

get cold,

— (meaning,

that without
fail).

good neigh-

^
Uk
ch'hdnu

Many. Yit ch he
in general

-

-^^

altogether.

Also read Ch'htJet.
the side of steps.

The stones by
written

Also

bours,

men

are likely to

Ch'he
yil,

chiiak T'hijen hay y6wtatchun sam,
yit,

tek y.t
.

^ ^ 3^ f: ^. ^ — /^ _*
-]T
t'hee"^

ch'h*

yfrf^ ^ y4

f^^ bwau kae 'ch'he

Ch'he.

Leuk ch'ho

%%%f^ #
ch'hi, the green

.

mw^d gtm kay iy

ay

no

tat

chun »"a
hang,

grass covers the stones of the steps.

hang, cheak
tek

wuy

ehil

hang, chhuy k'hi

chit

heng

chit

hang, there are three things
;

much

Ch'he

Heaven honoured and preferred under
which
virtue.
is

one of

office,— another,

age,- and another,

^
^
•^J^-J
f.| )l^
i ch'hi

The

thorns of a tree.

See

^ fmouse.

B5ng-cho6.

Ch'he

— ^ To pierce, to stab, either with a. weapon or by words; to ridicule. |3«||
Ko
sijang ch'he c ch'he ke.

hoo

se

|i^
Ch'he

A

L6

ch'he

j^

^

ncaou
,

khcw e .iinng U

^|<^

you

rats

!

Ge kwuy heen

t6 suy,

ke ling,— leim

VA Ml

H

fi:
'

^n
le

'"'"'"' """''

1. E W JO'"" iR
'' "'
k'hew ay hoi,
iu
i o Id

ch'he t5 teng kiy

yfiw
'

^^^7^i^

fft '^{{t 7j<. Aea k'hw"i hec"S k'hwut

JHIft

lAng, recite

"the mouse" ode,
repeat "the

order

to

ridicule

men; and

dove"

ditty, in

d dy chUy, neaou ch'hi t'haou teng kiy Ay ytw,

order to praise people.

the ant peeps at the water

in

the hollow of
J"k*

^
I

% A

thorn,
needle.

a prickle

;

as sharp

as a

the iuk-stnne, and the rat steals the oil in the

Ch'he

nl|l

stand of the lamp.

Ch'he

Sick and sad

;

also,

a.

sick

mouse.

Ch'he

The name

of a

fish.

To go To
Ch'he
marry.

towards

i

the

mind

tending

Ch'hd ch'hey Ch'he
put tek

Ch'he

towards any thing. 'E ch'he
intention.

^

feff^

ch'hwA boi, to marry a wife.
ch'hey
jfi

h6,

hwuy

biifiy

Pleasant.

Gftn

yiw

ch'hd

>>«:

"P"

5^ j^
e'k

^

.

king
an rhw^d,
bd

tea

mod

ch'hi be,
tflng,

pleasant discourse,

hd"* Idng bly chd
?

til,

how must

eh'hd hiding put

sey

wOy
'"'"*

5

j^

[p]

we
It

act in marrying a wife
will not do.

without a mediator
flH

^^ nlAng,

Pfi

^^^^'

"'"^

"

"'

See the

1^

Kok

hong.

Uy

c»4 yii kih yeii'^,

when

the tendency

CH'HE
of people's minds arc dissimilar, their conduct
will also
differ.

100

CH'HEA
A

market.

Kay

ch'he

i^

Ch'he
The
flaming up of
fire.

^
"i)5
liSh.

in

the streets and markets.

H"6

che

Ch'he

ch'he, put k'ho p'hok bijet

j^ "^

rp ^
y(>

I^oe

chew

ch'hS hoc, put

sit

^

^ ]g
&y
flesh,

Et
«'"

biy Ay chew,

kay

ch'he

cheih, vintner's wine
ch'he, bo t'hang p'hSh

and market
(

Confu-

hwa, a

fire,

when blazing

cius would not eat;

lest it

should be unclean
ge.

up, cannot easily be quenched.

or injurious).

See the

3m =S LQn

Clihe

>§# Wine "7^5^
4^

^
and food.
'

_

-1

Read sooj
bring
lyj.j

to feed, to give food, to

ache

|*f

i

,Soo ch'h4n t'hew

se lapi

Sh

ch'he ch'h&m i'hew sw"/)

»|*ijfc

A

place.

Ho

io feed
ch'he
'j'jil'

silk
'^''

worms and
''^

1^

s"fl

spin

the silk.

Soo

te

di'he

Itfft

meg"h u'%, what
written

plaice.'

where? Also
-fc.

K^ A^

>

'^' '"

keep

pig«.

/x^^
s6

^
til

ch'he. ch'he,
sijfin

K'heuk keng t'hong yew
ch^ham |J4 J wan k'heuk

p8ng seung

^ ff ^ ^ fl. M B 1 1
di/ log

Ch'hiia

t'hong kabu

yew am ay
a

uuy, hofy aeo"S pang

teem

ch'hiim -dy si,

Hong-tey chok ke, yin

*
te

Read ke a
:

carriage.

Ma

ke

S

OT

buy ch'hea,
horses.

a

carriage drawn by

A

surname.
ti-ung
sfi

te

Wan, Siiaou-

crooked path leads
in a

to

dark places, and when
recite prayers.

ho kay gnfiw, che HSy-teung

kay

ma

^

iSf

monk's chamber we should

^ i^
tang

fl^ i/P

J^
6y

,

rVm^S-tey chi ch'hea, yin

A
Cii'he

wing, a pinion.

Teang leang

ch'he

hwuVS Ay

mei"h, Sedou-ho kay goo, ch^
si

ye4
sit,

Sg^ji^li,
spreading both
its

teo-S„,,y
wing*;.

kanu
(

Hiy-t'eSng

kay

bay,

\Vui"S-tey

B.

C. 2622)

first

invented carriages, to carry

heavy things, and convey them to a distance;

Read

se: to try, to prove.

Sc k'han

Seaou-ho

(

B.

C.

2.538)

added buffaloes;
(

and

Ch'he

^Ht

y^

,

ch'he k'hw''4, to

make a
in the

time of Hey-t(;ung
'See the

B. C. 2142) they

trial.

used
se

-liorses,

Gno

suy put bin, ch'heng selng

che

^
Ch'h'ea kg

"p^

^

Koe

soo.

leaou,

ch'he"d ch'hi k'hw''a

e,

although I
try me.

am

CU'hea

|^ |^ ^

a kind of stone,

nearly resembling a gem.

^
Cli'he

•not clever, yet I

beg you
gentle;

to

> ^

Ex Extravagant,
mmense.

wasteful; stretched out,

^

»

Slow,

to

walk slowly; a
lafi

Ch'hea

Ch'hea chek put sun,

y^C*» "^ I 'J
l,'hw"a

surname.
ira

Ch'heng hong ch'he
,

k'heem chek koe

M^^
lai,

^^

H|j "^^

3^
s-eo".>

^>''^'"s

^^

'"'"s

k k'hw"a A

the

pure

wind

^

plj

^

ch'hea
^

ch'he

chew u"" skn,

gently

k''heem
gant,' a

chew koe

loe,

from being too

e.xtrava-

approaching

man becomes

careless; and from being
;

too parsimonious, he becomes vulgar

— said by

i'h'he

ilL

Dull, stupid.

Confucius,
is

who

added,

nevertheless vulgarity

better tlvan

carelessness.

CH'HE^A.

101

CH'HEA'H
hay,

yiw

soo

dy kw"a

biiiy chae sty k'hi

iy

U'fly,

Ch'hea

To

lc"d ch'hS''d,

now

the

tear open.

carriage

is

got ready,
not

but the

officer inis

attendance does
1

know

where he

to

go;

beg therefore to enquire.

See

Ch'hea

To open

the

moath

wide.

^

3h- Beng-choo.

The

Ch'hea

«nuflr

of a candle, the ashes of

CA'he d

Read

k'bin:

to stand awry

;

to

walk lame.

intense! also written ffr Ch'hija.

Read

ch''beng:

to hire, to era^tloy.

To

be

purged
as

;

a dysentery
a.

;

the

Ch'he^d ^[^X^
te
4(5

"^ * labourer.

Boo

che^jn

koi

Ch'hea

same

•,©

ch'hena|[IE
che£"S

si;

II jlf^,

k^ndm

cK" he" A, ja<il as if

wc had no money

to hire

them with ;— said of work-people, when
laijy,

Ui^

are

and neglect

their duty.

Ch'he"a

A

stone.

J^J^
Ch'he a

Beih ch'he"a of wood or
gainst.

^^
;

Ch'he^d
,

Seng but

;^

^

ch'he''d
^

mrt"*,

a splinter
to run
a-

to adjust anything that

is

awry.

bamboo;

Jt.

A.
Read ch'bek:
red, a reddish

brown

Ch'heah

colour; also, sincere.

Ch'hek sim

^^^
C"h'hc"a

Also, moreover

just, merely.
,

Koe
•$im pi

Cj
•iJ**^
ly,

ch'hc"a
les».

^
.

Ij^

disordely, care-

k»k,

to

serve vne*s

Koe

ch'he''a

Hi _^ ^ mereyiia,

country with a

sincere heart.

just then, for a time.

Cb'he'Hi
Jit

pun
^

^
gin.

^ ^-Z ^ # ^. -^ ;^ dj/

t'bctn che

seng

but

soo che

Ch'hedh

ch'hefa t'hee"S

tai"S mel'lli, sae hoe

e chit &y kin pin,

nidreover

beaven

in

its

tiw, t'hee"S goe teiou hc^a, "in

M
that

Read ch'he:
Ibrougb.

to prick,

to pierce

Cli'hi;

sew, fhijem gnoc

working the

producing See

all things,

gave them but one ori-

embroidery, £ve. threads were added."
ancient
Indies

The
their

^1 -^

Ben^-cboo.

added

one

thread

to

embroidery, each day after the Winter solstice^

Head ch'hcng:
C/t'Ag^«

to

invite,

to beg,
iC-y

so

when

five

were

added,

it

was

of

^"S*
^J JtJ

*° request, to greet.

BoG

put

course

five

days after mid-wiajer; hence the

ch'hcng

^j^Tf^l^, bong tiy
do not

poets used this expression, as an elegant way of
ilesignating time.

bd ch'he"4 Idng ckiih, at cemeteries, invite people to cat.

TSee the

^ ||
^
in

Tdng

se.

Kim
kam

sijng 6 c

kay

c,

ytiw soo be te sey che,

rtw chheih

ch'heng
fJt B

^ ^P
S

^^M^M^Al'^
%.

Ch'htdh

y^

oil

cake,—

something used
tore of
oil.

the manufac-

1L.

^,

'"« ^1) '^'^'^^ ^ ^^-^

•GH'HEANG
A
Ch'heak

103

CH'HEA

NG

felicitous bird.

He

ch'heak
also

^

Ch'heang

The sound

of metil and gems.

t?^^
1

pil,*'''"''^

of joy;

called,

**^
its

kan ch'heak

^

,

the dry bird,

from

abhorrence of damp,
said to Vulg, chayh a: a sparrow}

Ch'heang
of birds,
&

Ch'heak

be the most lascivious

#
,

>^^^ A

stick, sharpened at both

ends,

and used in repelling thieves.

ho say way ch'hSak bo6 kak,
ch'h.an gna ok

Ch'heang yew

^ 5t )S
an chw"d
' '

^

eke chOy a king cMt/h

^ || ^ M ^, ^ |^ U
ij/

Ch'heang

ig

1

a female

musician, a dancing girl
extrava-

kak,

ey

cVhui^S gwd
sparrow
has

cKhou,

who

says

that the
it

no

horns, — see

Ch'heang

how
the

has bored through

my

house.

See

f
-_

Ch'heang k6ng

n^Ai.>

gant and mad; rude and boisterous.

\^f

Ho Keet Tew

cbe ch'heang

k'loey

^M
JI

Kok

hong.
;

Kiel Tew ay ch'heang
a

1pf^#2^gP> "-^^-"^ how wil* and
k'hiidy,

To

respect

stumbling-stone

wicked were Keet and
•,

Tew

!

Ch'heak

a|q* PI
^J
»
^_^

also,

the

variegated

colour

of

h

|-|

A prostitute.
a whore.

Ch'heang ba,

5g^>

stones.

Ch'heang^ff^L
K'hwan

Ch'heang choo j(^ -^^

y^^^9
Ch'heang

Slowly, leisurely, easily.
ch'heak

tKh'eang ke"d, a whoreson.

Ch'heak

y y^t
fl>"l

W

iM.

gentle and easy.
fhiiey. k'he put

Ch'heang poe
plant.

S
^
bell
;

a water

Chek g&e ehin
^l]

ch'heak ch'hgak jedn

f^

^^

p
my
is

^ J^ ^ ^
'^^y- *"** ""*

J

c*«*

«"»"* <=^^" '^"p

ch'hiak ch'^heak
retiring

j'B6n,

thus

entering on, or
it

Ch'heang

[^

Ch'heang k'hap
of heaven.

the door

from

oflSce,

how

not free and

unrestrained.

See the
leih:

~p
a

^
little

Hay

The sound of a
beng.

a spear, a
HjJ^ ^jc^

Ch'heang
Vulg.
rising of the

lance.

Ch'he ch'heang
ch'h'eo*'^,

k'heih

to grasp a spear.

Chhta.^
Ch'heak

skin^ a wrinkling of the skin.

Teang

ch'heang

twan

keem,

cheen

chin

t'heen hay beng cheang

To walk

and stop,

by

fits

and

^ ?^ T <^ ^
a

-^ f^;^^^.

^
may

'

'^"^ '*'*^''"^ ''" ''''"''

starts? to

walk quickly.

ehein twih t'hee"^ ay £y bing cheang, with

long

spear and

a short

sword, we
all

Full, flourishing

J

also,

good words.

contend to the utmost with
generals
in

the fiercest

Ch'heang
E'

A surname.

E' pae ch'heang g4n

the

empire.

See the

S^ ^^

^ f^ ^
fi
Sea^S
ge.

^,E' paeho

dy wa,

Peng

se.

bowed when he heard good words. See the

Ch'heang

to wander Ch'heang kong-l^ ^£ ^ crazily about, without knowing

whither.

Ch'heang ge

|g ^ft

,

cKhioXS d

Koe chea bo6
!

seang, ch'heang ch'heang hoe.

Ch'heang

Mt

the pomfret

fish.

CHHEANG
e,

103
Pek
tew
jil

CHHEANG
ch'he4ng
twat

^^ ^
|j^
to

.

cheh)

eh'heang cVhiang

hoi, boiyh

iih

Hh

pSyh
day.

ch'hei^S I'hByh, .p\ander, in the open

k'hi, a blind

man, withoat a
where
^^ffl
^

leader,

wander?

il.7.-.)U:.-'l

orll

;

jJtr-l.::

ing wildly about,

will

he go

See

^^3^^
Ch'heanff l>ljv^

Bird's

feathers; feathers plucked
birds,

11

E

from

make garments,

L-^y

Ch'heang kwijy
soul of

4^

an

evil spirit

;

the-

^^^o^

and ornament

flags.

a person devoured by a tiger, which
till

6ng-keung cheak hok ch'heang

^_

does not dare to quit the tiger,
led

it

has

^^
feathers.

^^
stork's

^

Ong-keung ch'hing hBh mi ig s"a^

him

to devour another person.

Ong-keung wore a garment made of

The

noise of tinkling ornaments,

To

harmonize,

to

agree
^

with.

Ch'heang

banging about a person.

Ch'heang

Ch"heing ho

^ ^^

harmoni-

To
Ch'heani

stop suddenly.

Yin cheang been

To sing;

also, to lead, to introduce.

che,

ch'heang jecn chc

•i$,
boiyh hefn
e,

^^

jKh

Ch'heang
Y.it

Ch'heang k-heuk

f^ ^^fA*f6"«

k'hek, to sing songs.

eh'heang j'eln hliy^h, the clouds

ch'heang
thil

jfi

sam t'han

pS (^ ^^

were ab9ut' to appear, when »ud(}cnly they
staid.

Pl|

Ay ch'hei"^,ji t'a ktcui/ I'hdou k'hu:uy,
sang, (the bystanders) thrice

when once he
applauded.

See- the-

fjs "=P

Ley

ke.
-jr^

Ch'heang

Liberal, gcntre.

Kwan

si'ing

ch'heing choo HSng-tcy

^S
first

I
iy
ley,

pR 1^
'

^ ^^

kin ytn che6"S k'he Chaou-

High, lofty;
discover,

also, to-

open out, to
£-ng,

shoo

frui"^-l^y,

caps and clothes were
(

Ch'heang^flll^

Hftn-sln

Mag

ko

iatroddccd b7 'W<ii''S-tey

B. C. 2622).

chhe4ngtey^^;ff.1.^
ffdn-sin ke"d ing, ti

kwdn ch'hUdng

Ch'heang

Clear, bright.

II4n-sin

commenced
aad
lofty

building- his re-

sidence, on high

ground.

Ch'heang

^

A
Wicked,. eviL

'

field

where grain

is

gathered

;

Ch'heang
.

a barn floor.

».

To

pay, to

A
Ch'heang

long day

;

also, clear,^-<;learfy

Ch'heang

'•^^

•"""•'

^m
16ng,
;

make good.
>

Ch'hi-ang.

'° forfeit

ones

perceived.

Chun-pul-g6 wfly
Yulg. eh'h6d"S:
walls.

hck

goe

t& tdng

a

^cd

wilkout

sea l6Dg

kim

k'hd

t6ng sea I6ng e Put-

g6, Put-ge
to take

mi6 kim cl'hS&ng xhe

^^
office.

To

snatch,

by force, to

plunder.

Ch'he&ng jln

i^ /^

,

ch'hed^S idng, to plunder people.

iH"7,

wheu

Chiln-put-gfi

was

in

CHHEANG
some person
took
by
(

im
)

CH'HEAOU
Chfin ch'hedng j|^ of a ship or boat.

tnteading to steal from him
his

jM ^

the mast

away the gold of
mistake
;

fellow-lodger
suspected

Ch'heang-

the

fellow-lodger

Fut-g6, wherefore Put-g6 bought some gold,

A
Ch'heang

mechanic.
b'ak

Bok ch'heang

yfC

aud made

it

good

to him.

^r

cKhio"^,
jin

a carpenter. jS seaou

An.arena, or public

field.

Cheen
t'heo"^''

Ch'hiiiing

ch'hok

Ch'heang

ch'heanj a
field

m
battle.

cheen

che, chek ong noe, 6 Wuy put

sin kfi

jim e

of

K'ho ch'hijang

/^

j;fe

li'ho t'h'e6"S,

a place of public exami-

^\^'^^^,
Whe, yin wfiy bey sin
people

'"'^S ch'hedng dy Idng
e,

Jj|
j^^^

nation.

Toe ch'he4ng

f|^

;

Ixdou Ched"^,

ch'hak ji cKhong k'hah «ey
e

chew 6ng sew
if

a place for gambling.

dy Jim,

the work-

were
it

to

chisel

(the timber),

and

To

cut, to injure-

Ch'heing chek

Ch'heang

make

too small, your majesty would be
it

tBc

i^

^^

hack and injure.
angry, thinking
^weight.
insufficient

to bear

its

See the j^.

'E

Si-ang b«ng.

Ein ch'hiiang

Ch'heang'

J^ j^

the
^

name

of an

office

held by females.

Ch'hean
The
bowels,
the entraik.

jj^^

Ch'heSng keak h«ng
ch'hedng k'ha ke^d,
limp.

In I

^^
*'""

^y^

to hop, to

Tae

Ch'hean

ch'hi-ang

y^ f&^

twa U"S, the

great gut.

Hwa
Ch'heaou
U"^
Ir^

ch'heaou

MC W>

'^^'^'*«'''

Ch'heSng jedk twan
lavH^^f

a bSiyh

a spade.

"the

" entrails.about to snap asunder;

JleaAsoe:

to search,

to look for,
sara .hoo

meaning

that

a person
anger,

is

greatly affected
hie

Ch'henou

.to

seek after.
soo,
taij

Hwat

with grief

or

or that

heart

is

k'hS

soe san lim

^^

ready to burst.

A
Ch'heangHwiln

wall.

PwAn

ch'heang ffi
to

f^,
over

hoo k'hi sod, Iwi ek'h'eaeu

ski"<i

lim,

he sent

pw"d

ch'hed"^,

climb

out three
ed the

sets

of horsemen,

who

fully search-

hills

and woods.

t'hoc che ch'hijing put k'ho

woo yea

Sorrowful,' discon)posed^ displeas-

Ch'heaou
6^ cKhei^S jj Chang bwih piyh, a wall made
of

ed;
jiJen

to.

change colour. Ch'hiiaou
'j|||[

chok sek

|^ f^

duns and

mud

Q,

cannot

Well

be White

ch'heaou jein pei"S sek, being>di$pleased, he

washed.

changed countenance.

Ch'heanff

The same as

the preceding.
,

To Ch'heaou

signify an.y thing by the eyes;

to cast sheep's eyes.

Ch'hiJing

b6

hwa

^^

-i

Ch'heaou gedou

tall

ia

Ch'heang'

ch'heo^S bi hwa, a rose.

Ch'heaou
person.

CHHEAOU
Sorrowful, hasty,
still.

105

CHHEEM
Ch'hin ch'heiou

Yew
jj_£»

sim

Ch'heaou

ch'heaou ch'heaou

ii
sad.

^S

'm

Ch'heaou
i I

^ |^,
^

t" bar-

gain, to

come near

to one ano-

TH

hu'dn

Id

dy sim ktc"a cKh'edou

V^
kwdn,

ther's prices.

ehhedou, a sorrowful miod, discomposed and

Ch'heaou
k'h&h

keng

ko

i^

S '^

ck'liedoH

to get

up the price;

to

raise

^5
Ch'heaou

*,

>^

Vulg. ch'heo
to

:

to laugh, to be pleased, teeth.

the value of any thing.

^,
^/^^
temptible.

shew the

H^o

ch'heaou

i(-f

Keen ch'heaou

^ ^^
,

To
'^^'^'^'

walk backwards

and

fortei,

'"'

laughable.
seaou,

Ae^«
,

con-

Ch'keaduh

wards.

Ch'heaSuh ch'heaOuh

to dandle

up and down.

Boo ch'hcang
Inelih

tae

ch'heaou
twa

jM;, Jp.

y^ ^^,
Ch'headuh
written

Slips of

bamboo, with which they

ch'hiw cheo"^

ch'hed,

he clapped

his

hands and laughed aloud.
Ch'hijkou.

— Also

beat time, whilst singing songs.

^
Ch'heaou

Ch'headuh
Handsome, sood-looking.

To

approach, to come near.

in
benevo lent, not well-disposed.
, ,
,

At,|> Not Ch'heaou /f*«r

Read bun:
to stoop.

to

bow down

the head

.

l^yV

malevoleni lent.

To Ch'heaou

pipe with the mouth, to whistle
written

X
;

also

Wl
To

Ch'heaou.

Ch'heeh

A

kind of craw-fish.

'J^^iT^ A
Ch'heaou

bbard. scabbari

ch'he'Aou

TJ
boo Poi

jS^hI
'I
• >J

to

the .e*. t

sheath of a sword.

Chfi-ch'h kae ch'heiou I'ho
'

Ch'heein

All, the
all

whole

;

the universal voice

i

^ i^M^i^^
hoe
Poi,

speaking.

rW-cA'Ao fhiou
the

iH
Slips

Chfi-ch'ho
it

loosened

scabbard

of bamboo,

used

in

prog-

and gave

to Poe. See the

^^

^

Sam-kok.

Ch'heem
ticate.

nosticating.
to
I

T'hew ch'heem
lots,

i^

draw

to

prognos-

Ch'heem

se

Ch'heem
Ch'heaou 'T^jr^ The

^^
&,

,

a letter,

a
^

writing.

Ch'heem

bfing

j& ;g

ch'heem me

to sign one's

name.

changing of the countenance.

A
Ch'heein

lap, the front lap

of a garment:

also, even, regular.

Cheung tcaou

ch'hae 14m, put 6ng yit ch'heem

Ch'heaou

To

walk further apart.
chae k'heSh Urn, bS mi»"i chit ch'heem,
all

the

8

c

CH'HE ^M
morning
liusy
in

106
-fc.

CH'HEEN

gathering the indigo plant,
lap-full.

without getting a single

E

chefin

hoe ch'heem je yea
s"a

"^

^jj

^^
his

Ch'heen

^ ^'
hebind.

ching aou

pal"S

ching,

^
Keung

Vulg.
leen

cfe'A«ng-:

a thousand. Ch'heen
,

-^ 4&

chit ch'heng nie"S,

a thousand years.
sit

before .and. garmen t was of an even length

ch'heep 6ng hgy, soe pek;

k'hek

ko bey, sam ch'heen

'^
To
exterminate.

Ch'hijem k'hwat

(ng mw"d, kwHi/

^ j^ '^ ^ •^—
J

'^

^ ^ '^ S^ ^
keung
lae

6y sey

£

nil pdt/h,

cfceift di/

ling k'hai/h

Ch'heem
he

[J

k6

k'hoey

1^
6.y

^ '^ 1:

'

keng, koiy s"a ch'heng, a palace full of con-

ch'heem ieet e

Iwa I'haSu ling,

cubines, to the

amount of

several hundreds-,
to

exterminated their great chief.

and

passing

strangers

entertained,

the

number of

three thousand.

Ch'heem

Slips of

bamboo.

Ch'heen
The
curtain of a carriage: also, to

Ch'heem |l|n=r
Ch'heea
used to enSquare pieces of wood,

# ¥
k'hw"ii

The head over a thousand men.
luxuriant

Luxuriance;

herbage.

Wan

se ae

ch'heen ch'heen 55?
'""''"^
/^l/

M if ^ ^,
Ch'heen bek

^'''*««'

ch'heen ch'heen, the distant trees look

Ch'heem

grave letters on

;

printing blocks.

thick with leaves.

Kan ch'heem
of wood, on which there

^^
is

a block
,

writing.

^

[Jg

^

ch'hdn hw^S.

Ch'heen

a path between the paddy-fields ; a road.

Ch'heem UniJI?

To

try to get near.

Ch'heen

To

stick in.

Ch'heem

-SM
L

"'^'^

'''•"""

S ^ "^
intrude.

'"'''"'

a bodkin.

Pheen

ch'heen

fflH

Ch'heen
%.
False, deceitful, to

I,

to

walk

round and round.

erroneous; also,

Ch'heem

p-Tl^

usurp,

to

T'heen

To

beng hwut ch'heem
-te, t'hee"^ beng
heaven
is

^ f^ 9^
decree

Ch'heen

-*

to

Ch'heen se jgg 'fit Sun remove one's habitation.
remove.

b6

ch'hi,

the

of

seng 6 Cboo-pang, ch'heen €

Hoo>

never wrong.

hay

-t

//»
te

pU 'w. je
Choo-pdng,

/Ji,

^ 9L

Siin sai^S two.

$wd.

wuy kabu

The name

of

a

fruit,

like an

Hoo-hay, Sun was born in

Choo-pftng, and

Ch'heem

in orange, abounding

Canton.

he removed ta Hoo-hay.

See the 'T?

jg^

Hay

beng.

Cheaou ch'heen

the

name

Ch'heem

To

stab, to

thrust through.

Ch'heen
of a tree.

CH'HEEN

107

CH'HEEN

Cli'heen

To

gambol, to

frisk.

Ch'heen

m
/
I
it

A

vessel,

similar

to

the

above,

made of wood.
exhaust, to complete.

Ch'hew ch'heen

ffiW

K^^ phah
yea tim

'teng^

>jQ To

Keflng
lfi\\^

Ch'heen

eh'hew, a swing; to swing.

Ch'hew
tira

Ch'heen

>&flg^ ~

Vitn

bdk ch'hein

^ i^ ^
tiraA, for

ch'heen jeen lok,

rAi»ttj"S'

n^e"^ ijy

whole

years
te

would not be completed.

e^S ISh,

kabu

maVS

ch'liim ck'hmi,

swinging
till

Xy
Ch'heea ^J«^~^
I

Handsome; a
pearancc;
to

pretty, smiling, aphire

the cradle at the side
at night.

of the hall,

late

and

employ

rM

people; a son-in-law.

The blazing up of a

fire.

Ch'heen

K'haou ch'heaou ch'heen hdy

J^ 5^ Yj};
|6f

^^

Ch'heen
to

che e

sin

i^

^

I-^

^
in

'

''"^

k'hd ck'hH ch'hein hty, a pleasing smile, with

e tSh leSh

yang

ch'hi,

order

handsome dimples.
hong.

See the

IS Wijey

make

it

blaze,

See the

^^
To
as

you must put on firewood.

Cheem koesoo
'u

Cho twan.

leng wat ch'heen
ti koi,

'^

jSh

^Uf

13 In
and
to

cheem

kap tat

yung

Idng,

disperse, to scatter; the

same

king kid
time,

ch'he"il,

to hire people for a short

Ch'heen

order

and

^^

ch'heen.
called

employ them,

is

ch'heen.

•^

^-^

Shallow,

not deep.

Siiy ch'heen
.

Ch'heen

W^^
^ ^^^i
Chew k6
iif

Ch'heen

A

tall

person.

ch'heen
k'hin,

>j^ )^ )^ shallow water.
e,

<-l'^S *•'*'"

chhijen

ehg che, yiw che

]^

The

Ch'heen

luxuriant appearance of grass;

^1
wuy, eng
e, stte e,

and herbs

also,

new and

bright.

approaching the shallow

parts of the stream,

you may wade through, or
See the

The name of

a plant,

used as a.

swim

across them.

^ J^

Kok

Ch'heen
red dye.

hong.

A broken
Ch'heen

carriage; the lining of

a carriage.

Ch'heen

^1 1

To

cut,

to slice.

Ch'heen

To

open, to display, to enlarge.

Ch'heen

How,, obstructed.

Read jeaog:

to

yield,

to give'

Ch'heen

A. slow bu&alo.

Ch'hein

preference to,

to disclaim one's.

K^^
A
Ch'heen
holding fruits and flowers.
vessel

right to.

made of bamboo,

for

Ling

6 16y jeang,

wQy kok hoe hd y£w,
kok wti

cheiou tig $oi tco cKhiin, liiou

li

CHHEEP
*"fl

108
how
to yield ac-

CH'HEK
Mae
ch'heep, put te ke seng, chek pok che

7nee"h Sh,

he that knows

what difficulty cording to propriety,
he find
in

would
See the
i,

managing the country.

a'"

chae e dy aai"S, chek pok
if

e,

in

buying
fa-

a concubine,

you

do not know her
it.

Ch'heen

-^^

mily

name, then cast lots for

Good

words,

flattery, artful

dis-

pJ^
t]i\
\

course.

To
new, — fresh,

steal,

to pilfer.
,

Ch'heep bun

Ch'heep
as meat,

1^
Yang-h"6

^

''*"»" I'lie^a, to hear by

Read

seen:

stealth.

not stale or stinking.

Seen ge
fresh
fish.

ch'heep p6 geuk tae keung Bft
^1'
~i^.

M.

^

c)rhee"S

U,

^
Ch'heep

li^

^
Ivsa

^J

,

-»'^««-*o

l'l"iou

Wuy
tok Jin

kwun

yOng

seen

'P ^'
Hy

^

kwun yung

ch'hee"S

JfJ ffi^ mei"h, the

fh&yh

po

gSuk

keung,

Yang-ho

stole

away the precious gem, and the

large bow.

food. prince especially oiu«t have fresh
the

See

^

-f^

Cho twin.

A

little

man, a dwarf.

Chhee^°

m

Read

ch'iieen

:

to stick in.

*
Ch'heet
Song

To
be

cut,

to

slice

5

to

urge, to

urgent

with

;

earnest, true,

Read ch'heen

;

Ch'hee'^

>m
%\^^^
See the

a light blue colour,
to a

real.

approaching
ley

grey.

Put kam pek ch'heet
Uj
fjM

y'ea

^X\

yung soe poe choo ch'heen

^ '^

-fcH

i^n^ pgfi ch'heet,

^ II Ml t ^ 1^ \t
yung
use coarse cioth,

not daring to urge

-"'
^

'' '^''^

or constrain.

ch'hoe poe oe ch'lie6"S, in

funeral rites

B6ng kwun put oe kwun

cb'h'eet

k'hak che g4n

of a
ley.

dark

grey

colour.
b6

-^ j^ G6

win cKheel k^hak iy wa, an

intel-

ligent prince does not dislike true and faith-

Ch'hee"g"

Read ch'he

:

to pierce, to perforate,

ful

words.

$1
for

to

draw thread through a peedle.

Ch'heet bOn je kin soo
kin
ch'heet

;^ Po^

]!]]

^

^,

moot"^ ji

kin

ted"S^

earnestly

Read

sek:

a

carpenter's
b'ak
,

pencil.

enquiring, and narrowly considerino-.

Ch'hee^^

Bok

sek

-^ ^^

ch'hee"S^

an instrument used by carpenters,

Ch'heet yaou ipj
ch'heet
-jj] -tfl

^
liieni

^

important.

Chheet

earnest.

marking the length of any

thing.

Jfc.

Read

:

to

Ch'hef^h

walk slip-shod.

P^

to

sob and weep

Vulg.s^ye-

a concubine. Yit ch'hey

At
II

the side,
;

sidelong; to

ovcrs5

Ch'heep

yit ch'heep

^ — ^,

turn

rebellious.

chit

Bin-cho6

dy boi

chit

iy sdy

(,

one wife
!']

h'hek, gin gin j« yea

and one concubine.

S 1^ ^n

gfj

.^
te

-|t^
sin

ife

Bin-choo
,

k'hea

CHHEK
pee^S^ hi vat ig
his side,

109

CHHEK
Ch'hek tey bok hwuy
kfi

yeS^, Bin-cho6 waited at harmonious and delighted.
ch'l.ek

yew ye4 f^

Soo hwan

choo rhoo an

{^ jV wA
tl an,

^ ^^ ^ /^
se e &y, there
is

^^

^,

chit

chheSh tey bS u"

not a foot of ground, but

-^

[r^

^

$ai
^

hwan twin £y ke"a ka

what belongs to him.

See

"^-J" Beng-choo.
to drive

make

the rebelliuun people

become

tranquil.

To
Ch'hek

Open, to burst, as seeds and

Chhek
^^

Few, great;
distant
;

tJ) fill,

away

;

Df
;!^
lA^

flowers,

when

to

roof a house,

vegetating.

Lfly

6 chuk, jC pek

ko ch'ho bok,

Grieved, pained, sorrowful
cess of feeling.

;

an ex-

kaekaprh'hel,';|?-j^^,ifil^.^^

Ch'hek

frrrjr.

Ke song
*"*',

ae ch'hek

^

](V

,

'f^S

*«"i ^"^

<^'^'''

Ji

/'**'«

^ Vli>
ch'hdm

^ ^^M
being
in

""^

" "'

hiag koiy chi ch'hauu bak, ehd p&o p'hwA k'hak,

I'hon:. ch'hek,

mourning, a perafiTected.

when

the

Ihiindcr
fruits,

and

rain

prevail, then
trees, burst

son should be sorrowful and

the various

plants,

and

from their

seeds.

Ch'hek
to knock.

To

pierce, to perforate.

Ch'hek

To

beat,

A
Ch'hek
Ch'hek
to

hook.

T'hok

c^hek

Ijf)..

To Ch'hek
Yim

t'hak eh'hityk, to

read books.

A

search, to examine.
JOlj

toe

1^ ^

to fathom,

com-

plank or board for writing,
before the invention of paper.

used

prehend.
ch'hek jftng put

che wQj- sin

Chw4n soo p6

kin
cli'^An

che

ch'hek

|^

^

Pifj

^

l^j

/F
ij/,

]B'i

^
the

mh

i''f'

.

*'"•

^^"^

''*

*** '*'*'*
unsearchis

f^

/<ll

'

nil'

peng too p6 k'hih ye" a

way king
in

k'eo stn,

that which

is

able

operations of

nature

called

iy chhiyh. the record of an undiminished army, and complete victory.

•divine.'

See the

^ |^

riih keng.

Ch'hek
Ch'hek jin che
|jj||

jT^cf

The appearance of
walking.

little

children

Grieved, affected.

\y^
Ch'hek

Chhek
j/in

III

Sim, jin che twan jea

||^

Red

:

also,

empty, waste,

naked.

Ay rim kw"a, fin ty
is

lican

t/ed,

the feel-

ing of compassion
volence.

dfx ^J w
Ch'hek t5y

Ch'hek been
a red face.
ch'hiien

-^

j||

^

ch'heih bin,

the principle of bene7fy^

See the _j^

Seang beng.
Ch'hijn ch'hek
e*'*etf*,

^^^^^ ^,
le.

ch'heih

liy che^A ch'heng

li,

waste ground to the dis-

foot measure.

Chhek

XA
sip ch'htiD
d

tance of a thousand

Ch'hek keak

^

ffiK

.

"^
and

K.

''*'**'•
,

inches

ch'heih k'ha, bare-fool.

feet.

hatchet
sip

;

also,

near,

nearly

Yit se wuy hwun,

hwun

wQj ch'hek

wfly ch'hiln,

Ch'hek

related
'in

?

sorowful.

A

surname,

2^ ft
-*«

^,
f^

-f"
'^3'*

kcflng, chek

hoo hoc put choo,
K."

^^'\'--f-t'^K, chi hwun, hwun cho
ehap
ehd chheSh, a grain ef corn
divisions arc an inch,
is

hod kwuy, chek ch'hin ch'hek wiiy

ck'hUn, chap eh'hi>n

^
ke"a

rt^'

a division, ten

f^!

,

'Oig heung, chek pay boi u'" leuh Idn
pod kwiiy, chek
ch'hin

chi)

ten inches arc a foot.

ke"i,

ch'hek

Idn,

CHHEK
when poor, our very parents
children ledge us for their
;

110
will

CH'HENG
To
rub, to sift{ also, to
fall

not acknow-

as a

and when rich,

Ch'hek
leaf.

our nearest relatives

will

be afraid of us.

2p
jL>Am a
Ch'hek
plan,

Pure, clear, clean.

Gwat ch'heng

a scheme

;

a book, a re-

T_)-^

cord; a whip, to whip.

Bo6 key

Ch'heng

fheett6y ;3 'j^^f^^sSiyH ch'heng kadu Uy, the moon is clear,
through and through.

y^f^
bS
Icf:}/

ch-hekk'h6seto|fg"5J';^,
se,

ch'hek Chang

having no

plan to

Hong h6 sam

adopt

i

unable to suggest a scheme.

Bun Boo

che cheng, poe chae hong ch'hek

^ M H "f ^. - m i^.
»"a ch'heng neff^S, chit

ch'heen

It-gn,

yit tdng ch'heng

^"^"^

"' the

iy
still

ting ch'heng,

Yeliow
Boo-dng &y chdng
sod,

river

becomes

and

clear once

poi

te

hong ch'hek, the
is

in

three

thousand years.
ch'heng "
,

government of Bun-ong and Bo6-6ng
tained
ffl

conthe

in

the

historical

records.

See

Chheng /KtiV "^ I v>

,

yi^-X Leng

i^

to walk

as

'^^ '^ one were drunk. if
praise.

^

to walk lame,

JM'

Teung

yeflng.

Ch'hek ke whipped

ma

f^

^ }^
See the

,'>'"'

^

^S **^' ^^
lun.

To

call, to

name, to
[\!?-

Ch'heng

his horse.

J^

^j^ SiJang

Ch'hen

hoe its

to praise.

Ke
kfi

put
tck

Ch'hek

m
^^ -rFp
^

ch'heng ke lek, ch'heng

The same

as the preceding.

ho Idy

u"* sad ch'heng hoe e dy lat,

ch'heng

koe e Hy lek, a

good horse must be praised,
its

Ch'hek

A
To

small step

;

to walk slowly.

not according to
to
its

strength,

but according

good qualities. See the "7\ gjm
Vulg.
ch'hai'"^
:

Hay

lun.

break,

to
-fej

burst.

Koe h6ng

azure; light blue.

Ch'hek

kap ch'hek

g^

^

^^

kabv.

^

Ch'heng

y
Ch'hek

V^^
f

Ch'heng sek

-^

^

ch'haing sek,

\

hing g&y k'hak p'hwd,

when

ve-

^

an azure colour.
ch'hai"S
t'hi,

Ch'heng t'hae

seeds getation commences, the

burst.

ten

^ w

green moss. Also writ-

Ch'heng.

An

agricultural instrumeat.

Ch'heng
Ch'hek
The
noise

A

privy, a necessary.

made by

birds.

P?

A

kind of willow, growing by the

side of rivers, of a reddish colour.

Ch'hek

Bad

rice.

The name
colour.

of a

fish,

of a light green

7W
Ch'hek
Not advancing
;

Vulg. t'han
to

:

a kind

of cockle.

make no pro-

Ijj|-"

B4n

jin e tefin chcunp; che,
tiiSn

wuy

ch'heng

PI

y^^^B] II

CHHENG

111
le

CHHENG
wuy
jin tey

^
they

s| j^ [5

B<i«
^

«fli"ff

&y ling

ch'han

ch'he e,

king ked

t'han

t'e^d,

the people
in fields,

of

^ yV
cKhin,

^6ng
iSi *p
bey yin
is '

^
S"""*

j^,
^i'

^\
*""

^^
ch'hin

J^

^
are

cheo"^'
Icwiii,

Hok-keen province
call

feed

them

wliirh

wuy

l&ng

cKhong kay

cockle
t'hong.

pits.

See the

J^

^^
Ch'heng

my mind

like a pair of scales,

which

Cbe"a je

not to be elevated or depressed for any man.
Clothes worn underneath, an inner

Ch'heng

A

reddish

colour.
dress; to
assist.

Ch'heng ge

IW

to accord

with propriety.

Ch'heng

To

give, to present.

Ch'heng
The name
of

A

sacrifice

;

also,

money.

a

creeping

plant,

Ch'heng

ilwan

ch'heng

P^ ^&
,

kwan

Vulg. ch'hin: to weigh, to find out

eh'hai'^S, indigo.

Ch'heng

the weight of any

thing.

S6j e

ch'heng but, jS te

kfi

k'heng teQng

To

invite, to ask, to beg, to greet.

Ch'heng "^^m*

^^'^^''^ J'" "'

^^^^

Iw

A "^
sit

che4
"

P rj
down.

S

ya ^yj,^^/],f\]]^

11^

/KT -Hi

tiy i ch hin mei:"h, ji chae e iy

ig

^

cKh/*a l&ng cheih chiw, to
drink wine.

k'hin ting y'ei, that by
in

which we weigh things,

invite people

to

order to ascertain whether they are light

Ch'heng cho =m

^^

ch'he"d chiy, pray

or heavy.

Ge hong j In
tor of Gfi

ch'hing h«:6n -j^ J^|

A-pfl
)

^'

Gt hong jtn cKhe^d botyk kefS,
begged to lee
(

the inspec-

Ch'heni

€1

Ch'heng
to

pit -^ ^.^ch'hingphei'^, blow the nose.

Confucim.

Kwun

ch'heng tek t soo jc chca
''"""'
,
'•*

^ ^^ ^^
'''''

Ch'heng ch'heng

^n mt

to

run

f^M ZL"^
chis no
hang,
Sciing beng.

'•*"*«''''

"*

'*

Ch'hcn,

I

beseech

your

highncsi to

Ik
so,

away, to run inces«aully. Ch'heng

choose between these two.

See the

jQ

^
Ch'hen.

ch'b<ingj6ch-ho6^^|l^|^Pj):|A^ tVhing rh'htng an ney, merely Ihutv always
invariably the same.

Ch'heng >/t'^

^^\^ A

duster duster.
lHh,

Ch'h^nj tok
to dust the table.

Unsaleable, that cannot be dispos-

ch'heng

II
1_
%'T\ I >J

ed oL

fcS

B6ng ch'heng
way.

Ch'heng

^

't&^

to miss the

Ch'heng leing
cool.
16y,

/S )^,
jfi

ehew eh'UH,

Ch'heng J

Hwin

wfly jln cboo chc

tong wun

hay

ch'heng

To

rub

:

used for Im' Ch'he^n, to

Ch'heng

kvin

chd ling k'c"a Ay Ity, leSh tang t'hee"^

hire.

ig
_jfc

hoe pay boi tSo, ji hay

Che^
is,

hoi e ch'hin,
in the winter
in

To

weigh, to regulate the weight
thing
j

the

duty

of

all

children

Ch'heng "TT*!^
^>|
I

of any

a pair of
ch'heng,

icales.

(to keep

their parents)

warm, and

the

Gno sim

j€

put l£og

summer,

cool.

CH'HENG
^Jk^
Vulg.

U2
to
hire,

CH'HEO
1

chhe"a

to

em-

j>

J,

Read ch'hwan

:

to put on, to wear.

Ch'heng

i^
Mng
<*C^
Ung, t»
fire

ploy as a labourer.

Ch'heng jin
''''"'^^

cho kong

chd kang

to work. kwiti/, to hire people
:

^ X # I^

Ch'heng

rT\ ^^^

Ch hwin sam
to put

^

:|^,

ch'heng s^a,

on

clothes.

Ch'hwan beet

ch'heng

biili/h,

to

wear stockings.

Read ch'heung

a cannon, a great

Ch'heng^^

g""-

K'hae ch'hdng t"a jin
i
1-

A^
Ch'he*^S.^^<

Read
up
;

ch'h hong: to ciillect,

to store

a

1^

/^

^

l^hwuy cKhing phSh

pi ace for gathering, a gra-

$

a gun and shoot people.
the

JT^

nary.

Nae chck
tree,

Read yung:
'f^t^
whiih
first

name of a

nae ch'hong
di/

T'j

"H"

Jn

^

tuoo

ig
becomes
tree,

chek,

woo

cVhe"^, some was collected,
liy.

Ch'heng

shoots up as a creeper,

and some was stored

and
large tree; the
tree,

afterwards

a

very

Ch'hong
Indian
fig

I'nn

hoo k'hoe

;^V

or banyan

|© j^ ^^ cWk<^

— very

Urn hod k'hoi, a granary and treasury.

comnion

in tbe provinces of

HokCh'hong
found
-chut

^^

keen and Kong-tong,

but

is

never

^

not hurried.

north of the river vHr Cheet, in the province

* >

Read ch hong ch'hong
K'hae

:

the hold of a si ship.

of Cheet-kang.

I
f

_

SeOng pek \^
a cedar or

^

Ch'he^SMg;,

ch'hong

f^ ||,

fc'

way

cKUng

piij/h,

/•\/0t
ch'hong

ch'heng, to
^

hwin open the hold. Ch'h

Ch'hengTtf^^

fir tree.

J6 seung
sS,

ch'hUn cKhe"S, a ship's hold.

soo pek che yew sim, kwan

je put kae k-ho ek yeep ^\i

i^ ^jfl"^ '^
^^J

Ch'he'^S

•A/fc^

Pan ch'hong

^^
j^

,

pan cKhe^S,

iu\t 0Bt¥i
ch'hin eheo"S

'4pSi/h

tk Pi

"M'
mind

an ulcer, a sore.

cKMng

&y woo sim, Chabu
with a

si t& j& bo kdy like

ke !»"« heSh,
fir,

the evergreen

which passes through
its

Ch'he^S

,-Av Ch'hong
%_
Read

choe

^^

cKhi'^

the four seasons, without altering
es or changing
its

branchffig.

chadu, to run away.

leaves.

See the

pL

Ley

ke.

$
Ch'he^K

Ch'hgng

#
tZ>\\

ch'hflng

:

a bed stead.

Been

Ch'hfing boo

"^

^, an

expression

of respect.

f
any thing

Hr ^^
>f

ch'hong

0^

^

bin
^

cKhi^,

a sleeping place.

Sun chae

chhong

k'hira

^?

^

RJ^

3^

,

'heno°

%U I ^^ 'J

To

pierce, to stick in;

Siin lu'd le ch'h£''S iw'"A k'him, Siin

was

sitting

on the hed-slead, playing the guitar.
with which to pierce a hole.

See the

T ^ H^y
^^_
Ch'lieo

hEng.

Chheng-

A

vessel

for holding salt

Ph:

ch'heo cKhiit/. Scaou k'hoe Dfj ^ a sharp mouth, clever at speakin?.

p

implement

used

in breeding

Ch'heng

ch'heo

Ch'heo

krj/.

a

game

cock.

si Ik-

worms.

CHHEOH
Cnkeo

113
the

CHHEO
kw"a
our
hearts

•• ^

Nfr

^Si5> Vp*

YIn-seaou

M

'^^ WAn-ch'heo,
in in

u'" se ch'heoh, bei/

Chang hoe ling

A-icui"*",

name of
vinceof

a district,

the prothe

are not like mats,

they cannot


in

Hok-keenjjp^^

be rolled up at pleasure.

department of 'fe
the border* of the clouds.

Mi

Cheang-chew, and near
ChSo"S.p'hoi. Also,

Sek kwin t'heen hay
ATrui"§"

vm jm

^ j^ ^

~T*

,

ch'heih

up

ehee^
like

ay, he

got possession of the

empire,
rapidly.
-fc.

the rolling

up of a mat

;

i.

e.

Jr»f^»
L>n

Read ch'hcaou
ch'heaouiff
able.

:

to

laugh.

H''6

neo

^Jm^ -X^Yit k'hey

.i=.

Ad cA'Aeo, laugh-

% f,
Ch'heo'^^

Read
'^'"'1

ch'heang-.

a water plant, a

ch'he,

j6

leng jin cb'heaou


to

\p* I "J
N>

K^
"

°f sedge.
J

Ch'heang po6

ch'heo"^ poi, the hang-

ing sword plant.

fc'W, ji ki, Idng eh'hid,

when once you show

g

Wheo"^ m6
furious

sin

^3
of

your

teeth,

you give occacion to others

CA7tec»"gy|

'2L

g J^

^

kind

madness.
ch'heo"S

>^ X^-f
laugh.

Ch'heang kdng
boisterous.

^U ^,

king, rude,

Read jeio u

.

Kang j edo u

jT J^

^

Ch'heS

ka ch'he 6, a imall insect; a small

Ch'heo ° jfl y"^ Read
Read

ch'hijang

:

a pomfret

fish.

'^y^

shell

fish

ch'hiiaug

:

a spear.

Put yung

Readch'hck: a fo»t measure.

Yit

Ch'hedh
Ch'hiin

ch'hek
foot.

Ch'k to

tiiilng

ch'h<;ang rhu I'hiien choo,

f^

chil ch'heSh,

one

che

se

hwat

lul

t4

I'liae

peng

x^ n\
;|4^

-r<

y6w s6y twin, ch'hek y6w sey teftng
I

^

fr {k
,

% -T. s\ m ik
ch'hia"!^'

ili TJr

u'" .vung li"^

hod

/han hung Uy, che woo siy k'hik
tijf,

te hteal lid li

kaiu

t'hai

chit ch'tieSh

woo »iy k'hih
is

j)C'ng,

there

is

no need of using a long spear
emperor
;

WS,
long.

an' inch

is

too short, and a foot

too

to

assist

the

but

it

is

only ne-

cessary
to

to publish

good

laws,

in

order to

promote universal

tranquillity.

Ch'heoh

'Ilic

eating

of

a

duck or goose.

Read

ch'hijang

:

to snatch, to take

Chheo^^
A
reddish kind
caterpillar.

by force, to plunder.

Ch'heang
l\jf}
,

of insect

:

3

twat cba6 bit
hairy

^^^
'.

ch'heo"^

I'hilyh ch'het^f mfi''h, to plunder

and

take

money and goods.
Read
ch'heang
an

Read

lek:, a
;

mat,

for

sitting

or
ta-

open shed,

Ch'he'i')^^
«itJM)UL Walls.

sleeping on
ble,

used also for a

because the ancients ate their

meals off mats spread upon, the ground.
-J ^
..:,
.
,

Read
J,n^
I

cVfi?4W*^!lli»' silig.
jltj

Chhcang
khek,

(

r

''

Giio sim hwuy' »ek, put k'ho

kwan jca

,

Jj^'

Ch'heo"^

^SL

fli'he6"e

k'heuK'Ilp,

,

to sin^' sonsts.
2 L

CBHEO^^
Bo8 twan
s"a sod ji

114
*"
,

CH'HEUK
Read scang
:

j6 chheing

M

;J:^j

jfjj

P^

an elephant.

K'he

ch'hed"^ khek,' to

sing

without

Ch-heo"?

ho6 p& soo seang, je wan che,
t'heen

any

reason.

hay tae wat

ffig

|^

^fvT

Ch'heang be hwa
ch'heu^S bt hwa, a

^ ^^ ^
rose.
c/ieo"«^

'

hoi pt sae chSo"S, ji hoe e hwui"^, t'hee"^ ay

chew two hw''a
leopards, lions

hi,

driving away tigers and

and elephants, and removing
the

Read ch'hSang

:

a wall. Ch'heiing
petthy

them

to a distance,

whole empire was

Ch'hed^S
Chun
«

p'hek
wall

Ij^^,
of a house.

a

greatly delighted. See

thejl^j^ Siiangbeng.
draw up.
K'liip

teaou
dt/

ch-hgang

,1,^

^ ]^

^j^

,

•^ ^i%

Read

k'hip: to

kw&n kw&n

ch'kod, teaou k''hek

ty ch'heo"^,
See the

Ch'hed'"-Sy/lrf

ady "iJh-J^,

ch'hed"S chiy,

to

a high house,

and sculptured

walls.

%Ai^^^

draw water.
k'ho e k'hip

Keng twan chea, put
^-va^^^ Reld ying
to

ch'him

:

winnow.
cA'/ieo"?

Y^ng
cA'/i<-/r,

i'hang cKheo"^ ch'him
is

chUy,

when

the rope a deep

CA'Ae^^^Im;^

ch'heuk

|| 3| ,

short,

we cannot draw water from

/"^•Vc^ to winnow corn. To che y^ng che, k'hong pe
t'hadu

place.

Said by Tjj

3.

Chong-choo.
Jffi

chae cheSn

A
Ch'heuk

Han-ch'hiiuk

|||

a man's

eh'lie6"S e, k''he"S
it

pi
it,

te

cMng,
and

sifting

name, who lived under the Hay
dynasty.

and winnowing
all fly

the

husks

chaff

will

before you.

Near, close, short.

Pek ch"heuk
t**

Chheuk
Ch'heo^S

E
si

Read ch'heang: a mechaRic.
ch'heang

Boo
JM\

36
The

iS.

***

'*'S^»

hasten.

ek je6n

^^ j^

teeth too near together.

Ak
also,

ws

,

sue kong bak cKh'eo"S yea

Ch'heuk
in

ch^heuk

^ gS
in

^

urgent

;

anniy, "conjurers and carpenters are also

an instrument for marking a door. Grass growing

a hole

thus;"
living,

— the

former

profiting

by

people's

and the latter living by people's dying,
luxuriance
;

a

in having to

make

coffins for

them.

Ch^heuk
busby appearance.

Read yung:

to hire, to let one's

Ch'heo^S

services,

to

engage

in

service.

T6ng-koe

soo k'he,

Ch'heuk
Hay-hok

Grieved, sorrowful.

peen seng, wOy yea kay ydng

^ ^^ ^
k'he chd

Ch'heuk poey -jg ^^jeShpiJey,

kot iy soo k'hi, Hay-hok u)"^

gai'^S'

Ch'heuk

p'hSh t'helh kay Ay cKh'eo^^, when the troubles

^^ Plf

not
out.

straightened',

not stretched

of Tong-koe commenced, Hay-hok changed
his

A small
Ch'heuk
Ch'hek
both

step.
.

The two

characters

surname, and

hired

himself

into

the

i^

and Ch'heuk

=^

,

family of a blacksmith.

signifiying a small

step.

\

CHHBUK
when
put together
to walk.
i^fii.

115

CH'HEUK
eh'hai"^ sin bS seo

form the character /t-f

hkin

tiSh, the stars

do not

HSng,
'-

run against one another.
ris-

f^

Stretching up, high, elevated;
'"»

Ch'heuk seng seang

noe

iS

IJP

V-

-^

,

Ch'heuk

i^rf V?

straight

up.
te

Ch'heng san
ch'htjuli

hwan

teSb

sing seang ay nnCy. to eacite

hi<

pL pp ^
Sffi

ti-Qng tcep, put

tey

majesty's displeasure.

je-keto^^g^^/f.^nqg^;^
-^
ch'heng sw"a ling leep,
chey,
I

Gn6w ch'heuk

jin
Jtj:;.

u™

chae ch'heuk

|^^

^^

^

^oo tab teuh

fdng, an ox gores people.

lay VS09 tvia

the green hills piled one

upon

another,

do not know

bow much

To

knit

the

brows,, to

draw up

elevated from the earth.

Ch'heuk
to

the forehead into wrinkles.

Ke
ko

To

tread ou,

trample

under
k'hit

^i^'\

chit sew, ch'heuk at, j6 seang

Ch'heuk

foot.

Ch'heuk jejfie che,

jin putsijak yea [|^

^

[|[]

^

^ ^ t ^ S.
knk
lae
t'he''i,

ffO ffi p'hed"^ Chaou gneaou
king, they
all

%, ^*» P'"
began

'->""'"

gvedou, ji
to fcol
brow<!,

kay

seo

u"" ling, Vein k'hil eheilh
siio"S,
if

k'hw^i

ch'lieng k'hi

their heads ache,

and knitting their
See the

you trample on a things and then
even a beggar will not

they addressed each other.

h

^
jip
\(.;i

give

it

to any one,
it

Seang beng.
Narrow, small, applied
to the

ciMKid'er

clean.

See

Gan-ch'heuk

Ch'heuk

aj
B. C. 250.

of a man,

time of the

^ ^ ^^
who

Ij. Bchg-choo.
jffi
,

meshes

the
in

name
the

Ch'heuk

of a net.

Ch

hiiuk

koe put
sin sit

lived

woo

tfi,

g6 peet put k'ho

Chcen kok,

Ch'heuk

^

'^ .^
To
kick,, to touch with the foot,

»oJ bat
^

ly bing bS Jip tlwoo
if

tt,

chiie

ht pelh bS t'hang ISadu ch'eih,

^u

do not

allow a net with close

meshes to enter the

t» step over.

pools, the fish and tortoises ^ for

consumption
)r

Ch'heuk

^
se,

Yulg.

lilUtz to seize, to

apprehend,
the band.
hfihg bfln

will

be inexhaustible.

.

See the

-3r Seang

to catek,^

to<

take

in

beng.

Tok

sffy

lehg

peiii

XT
Ch'heuk
The
fat

hwa eng toS

hfing,

ch'heuk niiCho-ch'ho

part of a wolf's

breast.

^ -^ "^ |S
ke"d bAn
se,

TSh suy
toi

eh'hut long

ptin

wa ^^"4

yeo^,

fc'W liSh Ch6-

To
Ch'heuk

urge, to constrain, to distress,
-,

ch'hd, TiJh immediately gave orders for cir-

to hasten

near.

culating

hand-bills

in

all

directions, -des-

cribing the form and appearance of the man,
in

order to apprehend Chd-ch'h6.

See the

'heuk Ch'he

V^\

'^''"^'

^'^'^^""^MM'

"•""""

of Budha.

Sam kok.

To Ch'heuk

run against, to offend, to gore

(as a bull).

Seng

sin

put seang

Ch'heuk

Careful, a cajrcful appearance.

ch'heuk

^^

'^

^

r

CH'HEUNG
Ch'Iieuk

116

CH'HEUNG
^ %
To
move, to agitate4
''^^P *"''
to
fly

up;

To ^eak

quickly.

Ch 'heUIlff 'W|XX
\f

'''^°'

empty.

Sat k'he

I
,

To

seek

for

by

flattery,

to seek

Tfr

4'^ jjh thai l&ngjli/ k'hi ch'htung kaou l'hee"S^
spirit

ch'heung

t'heen

^

for by adulation.

the

murderous

mounted

up to the

very heavens.

Gak-ch'heuk
of a man,

^
who

|r§

the

name

^
Ch'heunff

Young,

small

;

the noise

made

in

lived in the time

VCl*
f

perforating ice.
J'"

Soo

e

ch'heung
*""
^"'''

of Confucius.

;^ "^
me

'4'

A^

The

teeth meeting each other,

wry

seaou Vein Idng, to

a young man.

teeth.

Ch'heung
Vulg.
ch'hJiXh:

.Small,

young:

also,

a surname.

a

fuot

measure;
see.

also read

Ch'hek, which

Even, equal,

just.

Ho<t'heenpu4

ChlieuTig

ch'heung, kang ch'hoi k'heuk

To

rub, to

mb

out;

to

liriish,

to dust.

H) ^^,
Uy
fill

twa t'hee^S

fi'»

pai"S,

kdng

chij,

SJ" ho, "the great heavens are unjust, in

'To extend, to

up, to carry

sending

down

these calamities:"

— an impati-

Ch'heung'
Ch'heung.

out to the utmo«t, to stop up:
a surname.

ent complaint of the dealiqgs of providence.

Also written

o"
The same
Ch'lij&uuj^
as

Vm

Ch'heung; an

Ch'heung kwun che pa6u
{h'heung

unsettled «tate of mind.

"^ffa^
pauu, to
/|iji

f^j
the
ke.
I'lio

mw^d

jin

kwun dy

fill

Unconstrained,

easy,

unforced.

prince's cook-house. Seethejjffl'sP '

PU

Ley '
j

Yew

je ch'heung je

^ ^p ^ If
See
tlie

Ch'heun

Put been j6 teuug, put soo je
tek,

ch'heung yftng teiing

t«,

chliiw wui"^ i'hal he k'hang, to take
•sleeve

one's

seng jtn ye4,

;^

aod sto^ one's

ears.

^
u™

[ffj

^f».

^m ^f

^
to

,g»

jfj)

Kok

hong.

K'hok je ch'heung
king k'hwdh jt
and carry
it

che

|^ (^
mw" d
e,

^ ^^
to

kedng j&
.

teiing,

sai seo^S ji

tit

teSh,

ch'heung

yAng

le

tang e^^

dy

li,

chiy

t:h\eung

extend

chew

se

seng Jiu yea, without effort to hit

out to the utmost.

Sec the

upon the centre, without tnuch thought to
obtain any thiiig, and spontaneously to follow
tiie

due medium,
to.

is

what a sage alone can

The

heart

moved,

the

mind
attain

Ch'heung

See the

OT

affected.
\

^
,

Teung
to

yilng.

To

W)ithstand^

oppose,

to

Ch'heuns:

A

gera. -worn

as an

ear-ring.

Ch'heung

come' across, to rush abruptly.
Ch'h'eiirig

h6ng ban

le

^f

:

CH'HEUNG

117
spread across i\J
a'"

Ctt'HiiW'

^

ffi J

cVheung kw''d ban

16,

to the extent of ten thousand le.

ch'hing,

woo gin chei^S

fi'*

cheak yung,

Ch'heung tut

^^^

'« f"*** abruptly

chey le kqmg leiou
clothes

Uy dy

Idng,

one who has

and does not wear then,

who

has-

Ch'heung

The name

of a plant.

apparel and does not

make

use of

it,

this is-

what

is

*
Ch'heung
To
be sad and sorrowful;

called a shameful follow.
• •

•/

The autumn,
name.

harvest, ripe.

.\ sur-

Ch'he w
to
to;

Ch'hun, hay, ch'hew, tong
'

^ M ^V ^
Slowly, leisurely!
to allow;
ch'hew, long, spring, sumiaer,

'*'*""'

*'^-^'

autumn, winter.
'"*'*'*
-,"

Ch'heung•

give loose to, to give

way

Ch'hew ha che bwkt
h6 dy boiy,

"

T^X^^i^,

lA'^

although,
ley,

ereB,

if.

the end of an autumn's

down

Ch'heung pae
sib

yeuk pae toe

|^

^
Ch'hew

i.

e.

a very insignificant thing.

^tj

w/ fS

loose conduct injures pro-

priety, lustful

desires tend to the breach of

u
Ch'hew.

the laws..

Kara yew je k6
lijcy,

sira

hoe

!

ch'heung yew, keuug

bok kiiOag kC goey

TO S" 31

yp
bin

ckae k"d woo no Hy tim

km^a
bo

'

ch'heung
kap- gwa.

voS, ing kap lai bin &y ling,

dy

Idng,

how

dard
if

we' Encourage

a

Ch'hewv

double heart! and even

we

did,

it

should

be with those at home, and never with those,

abroad.

Ch'Jiew
Vulg. ch'hing: a rannoD, s great
gun.

Ch'hew

To come

without being invited.

Ch'heunir

A^a

Awry, not sMirht,

iucorrecl..

s
Ch'heung
Y4w

Vulg. ch'hing: to put on, to wear.

cKheng Ch'heung sam .^p *^ s"a, to put on clothes.
e put ch'heQDg,

yew se4ng put

chiiak,

ch'hoo che wQy Ian jIn
8 F

Tq

Jj^

^ ^£, ^

CH'HEW
Read
se:

118
K'hoe
the
se

CH'HEW
Read seuk
:

a beard.

P
Ch'hew

to

redeem
thing

a.

pledge,

Ch'hew

^.
Co
ch'h4n
J

^,
bfi,

ch'hiii/

ch'hew,

beard

about the mouth.
be jiJem
se

^U

^^
the

^ |^, ^
silk-

Im
E'
kong
ch'hew

»^—"

to

redeem

any

out

of

pawn.

kong seuk choey
choey,

J^

^^M

t'>>"
j

g-o

ch'hdn iy bak hat, be jeem &y

to

practise meritoxiou$

like sleeping €h'hiiy cKhew, eye-brows

things in order to

make up

for one''s faults-

worms, and

*.

beautiful flowiu^ beard.

See

"^

REI

Sam

kok.

To

Ch'hew
the spring of

bear a burden, to sustain any

thing.

Ch'hew

fr»S6 ch'hew
a loc|c

^^,

Vulg.

cKhaau: stinking, patrid

;

Ch'hew

also read hew.

Je oe ok ch'ew
.

iio

^ ^> ^
like

^*''''"

^"^""^

Ch'hew

A

witn p'ha"i ch'haou,

the being disgust-

surname.
-ed

with a bad smell.

See the
a

^h i^ Tae hak.
to
raise a

To
ill-favourVulg. k'heepse: ugly,

build up

wall,

Ch'hew

parapet.

Cheng ch'hew b6o kew
,

Ch'hew

ed.
ness.

Ch'h«w

loE

H^ pg

,

ugli-

^%^^
higher, it

^*«'"^ *'A^?A

k^h&h kwdn, bo u'" ho, if the well were built

Ch'hew hoo put been keen kong koe

|^
Ch'hew

would he no harm.

Ch'hew ch'hae
boe

bey bein HI kee"S twS kay kvP'a, though

^ -^^
^

to receive

a

woman be

ever so ugly-, she caanot avoid

JiL

*°^ -""^

'"

polite

manner.

and mother-in-law. «eeing her father

Put yaou « che cb'hdw ch'hae
*" *"*•*'' ""P ^ ''''*^'" i>l )^ tt f?!^^ f A' Aae, to jefusc proper attention to any one.
,

Ch'hew

Cho s6w

^

Read sew

:

a hand.

Sew keak

^^

^,
feet.

^

k'ha ch'hiw, iiands and

?
Ch'hSw

chip yiiak,

ySw sew peng
'*

tek

JQ_

^

ft #. ;& f- i: ^>
che"it ch'hiw

"*'"*" '''''''"''
left

m
^ 4&
ch'hew, te

-^ Read s*w:

to

answer politely, to

return a compliment.

Pe seang
tiiy /ffif

Jin chea,

Un wuy

s^w

gim

p'hin, in the

hand he
flute.

held a pipe, and in the right hand, a

Jdng, Bh kap e ch'hiw tUy, with "those great

Y6w

sew h^o hAn the

j in

^^
ling,

people, it
jjfj:

is

diflicult

to

converse and

pay

p||

-^ K

yiw cKhiw ad Sng Ay

a wan-

compliments.

fond of dering hand, and a fellow
said of those

leisure^;


Ch'hew

Read

se

:

a tree.

Se bok

who have no

certain employ-

ch'hew bak, timber.

j^ ^^ WDy pok
jit

ment.

ch'hun t'heen se,

Kang tong

Read sew-

the

head.
sek,

Sew

sek
fe

ai'hew

M^
bodkins, &c.

^

«VAeu)
>

ornaments

TVuy pak
tang

le

cho

cKhun I'hee"^ dy

for the head,

luch as hair-pins, ^

Kang

gwd

cho jit

am dy hwAn,

^in the north of the rivet
)

Wfiy yon areas
-;;-ih

If

'^'i.

CH'HEY
a tree
in

119
season, whilst I on
as the clouds

CH'HEY
The wind and
a squall.
rain
rising

the

spring

up

into

the east of the

Rang stream am

around the setting sua.
,

Said by one poet,
.•

.of another.

,

CiChew

"J-^L
/Vr^yt

Yang bbey i||
^
'''•"*

)^

,

cKheu!

A"

To thump

with the

fist.

°^ plum.
,

.

.

.

I

Vulg. bot: a wife.

Hoo

ch'hey

The
silk

different coloured

threads in

Ch'hey
Soo
j^

'4r'

^^

""S

i"*^'

husband and

or cloth.

wife.

kwuy

ch'hey,

tae

pcEg be

p'hwan
'''''^^*

ling

± U i. at '^ ^ ^^> Ui
i(D

Gafi ch'hey
grily.

to look an-

''^^

chhwd
the

tooi"S

boe, t'hdn

»«^
his

boet>

yed^S,

scholar

taking
is

home

wife,

^^^
Ch'hey

Perspiration; also, clear water.

K^

does

it

before the ice

melted.

See the

>
If^ %am
e Ay t'httiu hiih woo hw''a, on his

Ch'he ch'hey j6 h6,

pit

ko hoo boe
^

^D
ing

fpj

iil>

i^

X^

^^
""

forehead stood the perspiration.

See the

'*'*"'* *"* '***

^
Ch'hey

Jh

Seing beng.

,^V^|
a person, to give a person

chui"d, pit teSh kap

pay boi king, in marryact?

a

wife

how must we

we ought
See

To marry
in

certainly first to inform our parents.
the

marriage to any one.
e kfi

K'hong-

choo

A\

5tt Sea6« gniy.
t'ho e

heng che choo ch'hey

Grass growing

luxuriantly

\

PVi'

/Chong-ihoo
b9i,

Ay

h(:"a

Ay ke"4 hoe
brother's

e chd

berant herbage.

Confucius took

his

daughter,

and fave her to him In marriage.
Sorrowful, grieved.

See the

± 1^
K'he ch'hey

Seang

lOn.

The first; former,

early.

Be ch'hey yjr jjS

^

rice flour.

yKTJ
mjrw
djf

^ 1^
ch'hey

*=
,

beginning.

Thad
but

che

sS,

bin kae tun

To

scrub clean.

Teng

ch'hey

jffi

^ij Je"a rh'kiy,,\hf icrapings

o(

U

chek, pHyh lai''^ chd po6

tin but, at the

the

pot.

\-f

,

,.

.,

time of the beginning,
nerally all

the people were ge-

Munt aud

plain.

See the CP

=P

Read

ch'ily

:

brittle,

easily broken.

Soo k£.
Ch'hey beng wat,
te

put hion

7^

g^
was

^ :^,

*'

^Q
kong,

*'** <'A«iiu

Ay ting

Hng
first

t'hai put

hiou iy ling, the very

Ufiable to walk* to drag the feet

decree

-

m

.'''j)

t,-'>/;l!'

I

put the

uofilial

to death."

walking.

^ri^Hii^

120

CH'HIN
time, (for which Confucius severely

#
Ch'him y/CAmm

reprov-

"%^^
fy^V

Deep.

Ch'him bo6 t6y

]^
Ji'p
j'ip

fe |g .
san

ed him.

)

See the
P^*^

J^^

a bottomless depth.

wuy

Ch'him

k'heung put ch'him,
bit

Itm wfly

^ ^/fs

|^ Seang
F*
,

iQn.

k'hwAn bd

cKMh
did

ch'eo''S gin se,

kheung put

TV p4

'lig:

f^, :;^

'^.
*^^*''

J^
hills

1
it

f5t
is

>F

^%

'•''

"'^
'•""':
fl""

A ""
the

(Confucius)

in his sleep,

not

lie

stretched out like a corpse.

See the

Seang
cannot go

lun.

ch'him,

j'ip

ni

wAy ke"u

bat, entering

only to be feared

we

Small of stature

;

not inclined to

into the woods deep enough; and retreating we be not lest are

Ch'him
grow
tall.

we

only

apprehensive
;

sufficiently

concealed

— said
J^ /^

by

those

who

Ch'hi im
life.

To
H\K KF

engrave

wooden

blocks

for

forsake the

world and adopt a hermit's
'/^

printing

K6

jiQ

ch'him w4n d

^^

'

k'hah

ye^& ling ch'hiin hwul"^, surpassing others to a great depth and distance.

To game,

to pJay.

at

games of

Jf.

^

chance.

Ch'him

^f

A

supernatural influence, produc-

ing-

both good and bad

effects.

Ch'him It^tflf A

kind of cinnamon tree

t

Ch'him

kiiak

Ch'him

Confused, in disorder.

h6ng

Ch'him

^
;

|jl

ff

,

ch'him k'ha ke"A, to walk on tip
toe.

Ch'him

To

advance gradoally.

The name

of

a river

to fathom
$

Ch'him

>

the depth of water with any thing
to lade. kin, to sek put

^^
Ch'him

To
to

enter

by degrees,

to

invade,

AfS^
I^V^^
Uht

pare off; calamitous.
teng,

Gnoe

yiO Ge
may
to

chw^n suy che

kam

ch'him

kok put

wuy

che tae ch'him

ge iy chw"d chuy suy the ktn, ch'hat dy sUk u""

M,

kdTig kit)

two.

ch'him,

when the
is

five

k"d khi Chdm, the fountain of righteoHsness
be ever so near, yet we must not presume
fr,Qm,,^^

kinds of grain do not come up, this a great calamity.

called

draw

^;t|i:,4

thief's rope.

Tek
hwan

jJn ch'him che ^j^
ch-hirn hw'at e, the

^ ^
'j^
northern

^

''*

'^^

.VI j --J'T k .Ylrii ciyhjin,
.V.J

barbarians

Ch'him
deep
sets

a large house, with
court's.

of chambers and

invaded

hira.

Near;
i.

to

draw oear

;

near relatives ;

Vy

To

sleep,

to rest.

Ch'him

sit

j^
.

Ch'hin
**•"

to hold near and <Jear.

Ch'hin ae

Ch'him

IJ^S^

^
her.

k'hwUti keng, a sleeping chain-

/|J^
fit

Chafi-g tew ch'him
taou si

^ ^ ^,
"^
Chae-6
slept in

Ckai-ii

H
to,

^ jS
J

^1^.
to
,

'° '"^^

intimately. Ch'hin

approach.

Leang

ch'hin
,

parents.

Ch'hiii

choo

k'hwAn,

the

^g

^

cKhin ka

day

one's self.

CH'HIN
Hin chae
ch'hin

121

CH'HIP
lU-ad ch'hdng
:

loe peen bod cbe ch'hek, boo ke

to weigh, to ascertain

san yfiw

wan

ch'hin

^

"/(£

S^

^

Ch'hm

the

weight

of

any

thing;

see

ch'hing.

song h'eung twa toe pie"^, ho che kin iy ch'hek
poo kKi'iy Iwa ck'him sw"a
ii'oo

htcvlng lai ay

ch'hin, the poor, though dwelling at the road

Ch'hip

A

ranltitude of people.

side,

have no near

relatives

to

own

tliem

;

while the rich, though retreating to the deep

mountains,
seek them.

have distant relatives coming to

Ch'hip

Persons collected together.

A
Ch'hin

little

rising of the skin, a small

A
Ch'hip

sound made by the mouth and

4A
y^r^.j-

blister.

Chip

pit

eh'heuk han,

tougue.

Ch'hip
eh'hiw ceh''a ch'hin leih, Jioldiog the pencil in
the cold weather, the hand becoinea blistered
r-,,
.1

j^ yj

The same
mouths.

as the above-, also,

many

and chapped.

J^P ^ V*^
^"rt*

T^ie descent of rain,

water bubblin?

Ch'hip
laugh,
Tiifin

To
Cli'hin

ch'heon ch'hew

yit gfln tc siiang,

heung noC ch'hin

Sew

ch'hip
\a

^g ^P

,

to repair, to

and
a

'31

Chhip

put

order t

also

cover

^
wa,

itSL^^l
le

^
e,

'^^"
>

'''''''''"

ch'hcui chit

hod

house.

kaou chi chai

t'ehng hoi

hemg

no( Ay

A small

oar, a

paddle.

Jeak chcy

hwan

cKh'eb

Tcen<h'hcen-«h'liew,

on acof-

Chhip
tia

tie ch'hwan, je

chok chew ch'hip

count of one word was promoted to the
ficer

of prime mioislcr, at whidi the (Il-ung

ledou
I

liL-tt

rh'hwui"^,

le

Chang

clu> chtin

geo,
will

noC tartars laujrhcd.

when

want to cross a great

river,

you

#
Ch'hin

serve for a paddle.

V™An
inner coffin, • shell.
.

Connected,

joined

together,

and

haiulfd down, without interruption.

The

lining

of a ganneiit( also fspd

United together,
ch'hip 5j^
l:

harmonious.
agreeing.

Ho

Ch'hin
for ch'hin

w

parents.

^

,

':-.

To
Ch'hin
Clothe* worn near the body.

store up, to lay aside; also,

to^

st()|v to put a slop to.

Chad ch'hip
,

kan

1^"

^ ^^ -^ j^
ch''bip,

f*<»'

A'A^"^

kan ko, to lay aside warlike instruments.

Ch'hin

Read ch'heng: cold; cWhew
cool and pleasant

ch'hin.

Peng

yfiw

h"6 yeS, hwut

cHcang choo

hwOnyH^^>f;^.|jg)Jt.^^

S

a

CH'HIP
itt.
J

122

CH-HO
\

peng

to te

ch'hin eh'eo"^ haty^ bS hoe e M)/"li,
seo,

ch'eang ka
fire,

military

weapons are'

like

Seven.
ch^hil,

Sip ch'hit
seventeen.

-f-

\2

,

t^"?

if

we do not put a stop to them,
fingers.

they

Ch'hit

^^T'

Ch'hit

sip

J^

will

burn our own

"T" fCh'hit chap, seventy.
Ch'hit sip jS cheflng sim sey yeuk, put j6 ke

A

tree out uf

which ooies a certain

liquid, of

which they make varnish;
chap
hdiy ji
toe,

t'hdn

sim

kw"a

sty

ai b6 koiy

the varnish tree.

hwat
paint;
also

at seventy I followed

whateuer

my

Vulg,
the

cli'hal:

varaisk,

heart desirid,
rule. Said

without overstepping
in the

the right

name

of a river.

by Confucius,

f*^^ Seang lun.

Vulg. k'ha

t'hadu
te t'ho6,

woo:

the

knee.

Ch'hit

The same

as the preceding.

Le4ng ma

k'hoe che ch'hip

4ft

,

ho bay kdy fhalM,

cKhUy

kaitu k'ha
till

t'hdu

^ ^
,

woo, a good horse keeps his head low,

his

Ch'ho —|*_''^^x
how

y ^ The

colour of a

gem

5

purely white.
kfi

Ch'ho hgy ch'ho hgy

che teen

mouth

reaches his knees.

LSang s6w kd kS ch'hip

^ ^ j§ |b ^
j^|J

white
!

!

,

and how pure

f

does

it

display

it-

no ty cVhiw, koiy e Ay k'ha VhAou woo, both
his hands reached over his knees (as he stood

self

See the

g

S
g6

Kok

hong.

upright) said of Lfiw p5 Sara kok.

mS^

in the

^.

Ch'ho

Ch'ho

m

hills

covered

with stones.

United, harmonious.

^g^ ^r^^ To

grind and rub. J6 ch'heetje ch'ho

Ch'ho

IS3E
\jC£m
and
filing

cA'Ain ched''S cKheet ^p tlj -ki |^>
cl'"^!""

chSd"S ch'ho,
_

like splitting
?ffi Siiang lun.

^^

A

kind

of insect, fouad
}

adhering

(bones.) See the

p

to oyster-shells

also

found on the
vessels at

bottom
sea: shingles.

.

of uncoppered

Ch'ho t6

Ch'ho
an appellation indica-

!^ Rv

to miss an oppor-

tunity, to miss one's aim.

T*j^~
Ch'hip

^ t^^rl'
^'*2|

Harmonious
live

;

To

hold,

to

grasp
to.

;

resolution,

of talent and wisdom.

Ch'ho
The name of a
plant; grass grow-

firm

adherence

Chefin ban
tefin kiien

teang t'hong k'hek,

yew

hean

Ch'hip

ing thick together.

^M

ch>ho
^

lo" ']i

^^^

Ifi

^%
in

cheSn hd.n ted"S t'hong iy Idng k'hSyh

tSin klin,

woo gaiu ch'ho glm mee"h,

the

^rj^
Ch'hip

Gngw

ch'hip

^^

, ff^J"

cVhip, the
5

former part of the

Han dynasty-Teo"?
Ch'ho peng

t'hong
cele-

ti^^W
shops.

name of a vegetable medicine

very

had a guest called

Teen-keeng who was

commoa

in the Chinese apothecary's

brated for his firm grasp.

^k ^^

cVhaou peng, to drill soldiers.

CH'HO

123
K'faeuk ch'ho

CH'HO
the notes or- rules for
|

^^ A
Ch'ho
Hft
tied |y|3\pK

raw smell

;

the smell of raw meat.

Tong kay

sat

gnew, woo hew seng

singing a song.

To
,

push, to hurt.

Soo

e yil

h6 ch'ho

tarn;

pee"^ ty eh'koo I'hai goo

Id

s&m ch'kaou

Ch'ho

^{^^

« ji", jeak tat che 6 ch'he te4ou

ch'hai'S eKhOy

the next door neighbours
in

on the eastern side were
ling

the habit of kilafid

oxen,

which occasioned dirt

stink,

lAngy ch'hin ched"^
ting, he

tit

p'htth

lb kay ch'he tedou
in the lea^'t as

connected with a raw smell.

thought that when he was
it

Gd

ch'ho

Ch'ho

#U
fish.

h^ cK^ho, the smell

pushed by people,

was the same
the

though he

had been struck
See the

of raw

market or the palace.
beiig.

J^ "^
Small.

Seang

Vulg. ch'haou,

grass.

Hd ko

ch'ho

Ch'heet jeuk wfly ch'hd -HI
^

Ch'ho

^ f^ ^
ti ti

Ch'ho

,

li^ *» ch'haou, straw.
small.

{^

^^
cut
off.

cA'Aec* bOh cho
till

ch'ho,

Ch'heng ch'ho l6 t6ng, ch'he ch'he

to chop

up meat

it

becomes

tdng, lak

wvy woo kap
the

i,

when green
in

Ch'ho

Td

grassy, to

mow down

grass

grows

about

pools,

every, part

grass.

.

there will be frogs.

P5 Sim

ch'ho ch'hong che

|^ |^ j^
e,

j^l]

'^,

pe sim ch'haou ko ch'hong

P»-s!ra

made a

Ch'ho

A

^"*"'

•"'""te,

ChOpg eh'ho.^ B^^

brukea. into small pieces.

rough sketch of Ch'ho
se

it.

]^

^

^

ch'ho Je tea,

to write the

T6goto,toentcr, towait upon. Ch'ho

running hand.

Ch'ho
a rough sketch, a hastily

ch'hoo
pit

5^

^,

hurried;

Ch'heng.

Chho ko

^^^

bod

kwuy,. j«

ch'hd 6 tedou

written thing.

Ch'ho ch'ho.

^ J^

looi"^ lai, ji ch'hd kabu ledou,
,

short and. hasty.

we beseech you
Sec

do not return home, but go to the court.
*'"'

-h

ri§!

Si-ang beng..
break, off,

Ch'ho

ilH|y

The same

as the preceding.

To
GrieveJ^ sorrowful. L6 sim ch'ho h6y

to

Ch'ho

maim;

to

cut l&

Ch'ho
sorrowful
t

M ^^

<j^

^

,

mh

bvA iy »im

f»J
a^.

pieces, to dissert.

eh'hd

hiy,

a troubled

mind^ how

In actions- to regard our words, ani)
in

See the

^ |^

Kok. hong.

Ch'ho

words to regard our actions^

is

called ch'hd.

Ch'ho

The female of quadrupeds.

Rice mixed with th* huik. Ch'ho be

Ch'h6

7K i^

unbeaten rice.

\^
Ch'ho

Cheet ch'ho
'|'h

^, to hold to one's
Ch'ho

The

noise

made by

birds

»

to chirp^

i

*y^

purpose: to adhere to self-prescrib-

Xt

to whistle.

Neaou

ch'hd ch'heen llm
'^*^"*"

•l *

ed rule*.

goey

~P *^ ^b*

CH'HOE
huou kabu cWheng lim giea, the birds whistled

124

CH'HOE
til

dy Idng, k'hi

t'hek

kak ong k'hwut &y Idng

beyond

the thousand groves.

chek pdyh sai"^ hok,
to
Jit

when we
and

elevate the upset

mAv2
Ch'ho "Zt"?^
ffj

To

miss

an

opportunity^

lose

right

to places
fellows,

of trust,

aside

all

time; also to pass over.
ch'ho to, soey put gno ^

gwat
fl

crooked
to us.

the people will then submit

^t ^

R

See the J^.
Vinegar.

=m

Seang

lun.

Swan

j6 ch'hee

hiiey bo

hoe gwd,

days and

months are passed

|^ ^p |g^
as

Ch'hoe

l«^

sieui"»

ch'hin cheo"^

f/i'/ioe,

sour

by, and years of long life are not afforded me.

B»%^ l"|

as vinegar.

Coarse, large, gross, not

fine.

Cheng
coarse.

XiSng yim sam seng ch'hoe, put keen <h'huy

Ch'hoe

ch'hoe
IS'oe

is

*Q^

fine

and

h6„gtoi^|jj^^}-||.^||||^i^
klii lim jB^^ l^ng

sim

kam

chiia,

k6 seng ch'hoe

s^a teng ch'hoi. a"' I'hang

k'hi

kei"S ch'huy

h6ng

toe,

it

is

better

to

sew k'hd
kwh. ley,

dj/

sim

kw"a kin long
is

e

Ay

se" a ch'hoe

driuk three pints of vinegar, than to go and
see

when a person

moved by an angry
is

Ch'huy-hong-toe,

(who

was

a, very bad

feeling, the sound of hismualc

coarse and
kfi

shrill.

tempered man.)

Vulgar, coarse,

Pe

seaou

tae,

^^
Ch'hoe
I

_ The

eastern step.

Teiou hok j6
j"r,

lip

Ch'hoe

e

k6 ch'hoe lelng, j6 scang hwat

\CE
I
lip

fl^ ffn iUou lie Hy hok, |?p jig, ch'heng
te

' ^''""^ ^'"'

^

-^

jk lehea

tang

pee^ Ay gim

kay, dressed

&y ch'hoe ledng, j& sSo^S hwal

e,

compare the

in

his

court

apparel,

(Confucius) stood on

small and great, the coarse and refined together

the eastern steps.
.^g,

See the

J"

|jm Seiing lun.

in order to reward or punish them.

^

Happiness, emolumei^t, rank.

LeSn
T'heen

Ch'hoe
Ch'hoe hwun

Ch'hoe
and dun^.

S^

p,

ch'hoe piin, dirt

Tf|^p chhoc^l^^
/I'

long

life.

r

ch'hoe beng tek

^ |^ p^ ^^
tck

t'hee^S

sod

hok

k'hi

hoe

b6ng

dy Idng,

^

•%

>

A

bushy

tree-;

a clump of trees

:

hea.ven bestows blessings on
virtue.

men

.of illustrious

Ch'hoe -V^^l^ .^^r^
Sin ch'hoe

name of a

district.

Cheng ch'hoe

^^ ^p

3

properly arranged.
miserable, wretched.

il ^tT^ The
Ch^hoe
III

sacrifice

offered at

the

close

-^ ^^

t>l

of the year.

Ch'hoe

WM

The name

.of

a river.

Ch'hoe
The
stones at the bottom of
pillars-,

4dt To
M
To
kftil^

take, to manage, to arrange.

Ch'hoe

place, to

lay:

vulg.

ch'hoo,

a

a pedestal.

Ch'hoe
Ke
tit,

bouse. P'haou h"6, ch''had che chek
sin

To
Oi-lioe

reject, to set aside.

ch'hoe

^k
hay
it

/Q "V
iky,

Che

h-ayf^//<^^^
fire,

~|\
this

p'ho hoiy, hay e te chek ch'hd dy

choo ong chck bin hok

^ ^ ^S

would be to collect

and place

under a slack of fire-wood.

GMROEYH
2P
f^ _
.Ch hik?/ \^^i
hong, to play

JS5

CH'HONG
f &!/ ]:Sh

Read ch'huy: blow, lleaU
'"str ''nstrument.

to

blow a wind

"•

cliH',

to

cat

the grai^^,, and

drink

Ch'huy se^ou yin hong
jta

SI

ch'hoeg aeaouch'hteS,

k
Ch'hok

the sweet wort of the liquor.

on the pipe, and draw the fabulit

^ \t To

rub, to grind; to
'"

fill; also,

to

ous bird hon^ out of

relrent.

"^d
'Cf

'**'

^""^^
e
wfly

T'hna san che
ch'hok
f{fe

se'k,

Ch'hor

y

^

k'ho

Read

ch huy

:

to

hpil

hy

stean-.

Ch'huy ko

1^

^
.

^

eh-hoej/

hoiy,

^ M ^M ^,>^
lai

lij

^
may

»»"'» 'J> 'Af^'t '•'""'.«
hill,

to boil dumplings.
jfi

Ek choo

ehd liy i, the stones of another

jS
j?fj

sit

che, cheet haS

ch'huy
'):^

"^^e

'^. ^.

cheih e cheih kwut j£ ch'hiiey

^

§^

ilri

±

^ 3^
*^'''«

be used for grinding stones.

Ch'hwan ch'hok
g"<;

'*"''

Ji

e,

the people ex-

^

^

|ii

,

an error.

Ch'hok

'j^

,

a mistake.

changed their children and ate them (not bearing to devour their

own

offspring)

;

and broke

Ch'hok

ME ^

Shap.

Che^n chhok

^^
^

chee"^

XVI IfTi'

Vha&u, the head of an arrows.

up the bones

for firewood to

cook them with

(speaking of a famine.)

Yea long

^

Ak
a tobacco pipe.

•j^^

kwun

eh'hiiej/,

Ch'hok

ch'hak

to urge.

to

distress.

Ch'huey

^^ mf^ ^
Ij
brains.

Read ch'huy
iwj ^

:

marrow.

Tho6
fh'lidej>,

16

Chaofi

kak
I

the

Ch'hok

T'hong jip kwut
jip

A

i
I

A

rhinoceros horn, not yet shaped
a cup.

ch'hfiy

' I.

into

A

»j^

^^

Ch'e"it
^

kwut

ch'hiiiy,

a

pain that

penetrates the bones

and marrow.

Chhok /I UV> A

surname.

^Te
Ch'hoev

ch'hiicy

1^

^

^

pig's

marrow.

'SvS*

\

"^
-

A

Ch'hok
Club
or. stick to ,beat people

^^?^

a child. Ch'hwan Hjg- ,«*!*'f* ... . /Ar.«n. ch'hok not successful.
••

^ii^

with.

Vulg.

rA'Aff"^:

a granary.
^

Ch'hong
intrepid.
sit,

^

,

Read
*'">

sin
•""'

:

to seek, lu. search.
'"''
*-

Jit

Ch'hong
*''"*"s *^*"^"s

c'liiit

'^ AS

uuiiiM]^4«
liiir

Ch'hoSi/

^^/»l^

t'ho

Kwan
k'hoe ch'heun,

cbc cirhung

hod)

takjit ch'hoej) kwie

a, i

kaou

d, $(o

fheng

p'liili,

every day
fight

looking

for

clubs and pikes, to

^
Jk

,

Artrin

M

^1^%%'^%%
/im tei"^, hod k'hoi
full,

tfy cA'fte"*^

mw''d, yo|ir highness' granaries. are

and
^Z^

and contend with.

See the

Jq

your

treasuries overflowing.

See

t'be

Cho twan.

*
Ch'hwyh

Beng-ch6<>.
'

I'/I-Oi'.'

y

Read ch'hwat

:

to

^uaff, to drink

JK^

Expansive,
river.
,

wide; the
. ,

name of a

largely, to small.

.Poe k^ cho

jfi

Ch'hong ^_J-J"

Ch'hong hae •"

y&

f/p irt>

sfe

the

ch-hwat

k6

Ifi

Hvifc j^

fj^

^ide,sea.

CH'HONG
e Ch'hong long che suy ch'heng h6y, k'ho

126

CHHONG
^
__

Hasty,

in

a hurry.

Boo koe ch'hong
>

chok gno
lyj

eng

'^

^^
lai

i^

*i%

Z 7^ ^^ ^ "^
kin

Ch'hong

cJChong long ay ch&y ch'heng,

1^ A \M ^
without any

ch'hong
soo

M ^^ % %
hedh
be

bo

."a

Icadu

ch'hong
in

ch'hong,

Chang

siy the

gwd ny

twA,
will

the

clear
to

cause,

to

a

hurry also

waters of
rinse

Ch'hong-13ng,

serve

written Tf] ch'hong.

the tassels of

my

cap.

Ch'hons:

^hP^
Cll'hong,^^^^^

Green the colour of grass;
name.
Cli'iiong t'heen

a sur-

>^
^\Jj^
ch'hong
IS

Tlic

same as the preceding.

"^

^,
Ch'hong

Read
ting

t'hang
,

:

a

window
and

;

also writ-

J\^

the azure heavens.

^ ^
te

^

Chae

Ch'hong seng

^^

tX-

the people.

ch'heang wat jew, chae ok wat

Vulg.

chViaitg:

an

onions;

also

;^i|P
hong yiw,
wall
in the
in

1^1 Bfl^'
ch'hoo

Ch'hong

written

ch'hun "^chliong. Kocy

ch'heo^'^

hong t'hang,

iK£^
bah
the
IS

ys"g

•^'•'""'"s

Ht
be

^

a hole

is
is

called

Yew, and an

ffl

^.'
in

rh'hun

t'hee"S

yang
must

ch'hang,

meat

oppening

a house,

called t'hang.

spring

season

cooked

with

\

j[V

A

pole for carrying burdens, sharpe-

onions.

Ch'hon"'7k!^^^

ned at both ends; also the name
of a
tree.

^ iA^
Ch'hong
The sound
tinkling gems.

Vt R?| A
Ch'hong

horse of a white colour

;

others

OJP^

say, of a grey colour.

Ch'hon
%-!

Ch'hong keng
of a bird-

the

name

Ch'hong
Vulg.
cKhe'"%:

A

hilly,

appearance.

an
,

ulcer.

Seng
ch'he"S,

Ch'hon

il^^

ch'hong

^^

^i"^

Ch'hey ch'hong

to have an ulcer.

Ij'M '[g

,

sarrowful,

Ch'h&ng
To
written ch'hong, injure; also JfJ

sad,

affected.

Siiey

hwut hwut
sg

hSy wfly
ch'hey

boe,

6

kim

hey

an injury done with a knife.

ch'hong

To

hear

clearly.

Ch'hong bgng

^ H^
m"S
till

^ ^, ^, "^ ^ M' ^
ne£"^
hiiiy

'1^

hwut
e

'II^ >

hwut hiy
dy
si hey,

peeng

mOoi"S, gwd

kdm

Ch'hon
I^V

J^ HH^ ch'hang me"A, intelligents,

ch'hey ch'hong, the years go

away so suddenly
feel affected

^

clever.

the evening ot

life

;

I

with

Soo k'hong che ch'hong, put
leng Cheng

6 leu'k lut, put

gnoe

yim

^^

|^^

^^^
,
,

the lapse of time,

till

1

am

sad and sorrowful.

iy gain
ch'e"ci

t'he^a,

M
if

i lak

Ay

liu,

chew ley
all

,^5^W Ch'hong^^^^

Bong ch'hong aK /^ s 5Pf ^
cultivated,

^

.

rude, un-

like a wilderness.

with goe yim, even soo-k'hdng
hearing,

his

clever

he had not the six ruler

To Ch'hon

creat,

to coraraence,
also

to

lay

a

of music, could not correct the fine sounds.

foundation;

to

adjust.

See the

~JT

^

Hay beug.

Ch'hong cho t'heen tey

M]\ ij^

CHHOO
'

127
" to create
Christian

CH'UOO
*I4>
^ •''•'"^
young
''^''""

TP Wl
the

,

eVhong cho fhee"^
the

teg,

heavens and

earth."

A

Ch'hoo

phrase.

1^

KS

^^^'"^
,

'^•«'''''*

ginger,, greon ginger.

Kwun chod
k'ho

ch'hong

geep,

sQy

t'hong

wuy

key yea

^^

fl)

pj' r,^

JM

^^^^%%
ling ch'hung soo

Ch'hoo

The colour of a gem; purely

white.

,

kviun choo iy

geep, cVhe"d sity hay &y (hang Vhang sBo asta,

the

good

man commences an

undertaking,

Ch'hoo

Small diminutive.

and the clue of his seheme can be connected
to succeeding ages- See the
[-

"^ Seiing biJng.
To
hold in the hand
;-

T6ng ch'hong

Wc

jSj]

to correct and adjust.

;

Ch'hoo
Ihe hand

the palm

ol'

a branch.

To commence,
Ch'hongfin
above.

to form
the

;

also written as the

chMu

n;j

same

Yulg. Vkoih: to prop up, to poke
with a stick
cule, to
;

to

blume,. to ridi-

revile^

Ch'ilOll"'

U-f-t To

store

up goods.

¥
ll I

Ch'hoo
Vulg. cVhi"f^: a bed
''^'''''"g

^>

jflace.

B<-6n

^
jit

In

order,

second,.

neXt

in

order.
to-

Ch'hoo se
order.

'hl^',

according

Ch'hong

iW^

0R

tI^

*'«
,

'•''*^'^>

"

Yit ch'hoo


^

»

ik^^

Ml pal-, the first.
Seng
jfi

Ch'hoo
te

couch.

i^

the next day.

che

chea seang yea, hak j6

te .che

chea ch'ho(>

Ch'hona>§> |.,.___

Vulg.

cfc'/iilng-:

greedy^ gluttonous.

5^ "Hi '"i"^ ji chae e dy Idng, se saang ling yea 6h Ji chae t iy Idng, se tiy

/C

^

:>

^^
Ch'hoo ^1*1^

This, the opposite of that;
stop.

aUo

to

jS yea,

to be
is

born with
the

the

knowledge of
of talent
;

L6 choo

k'h^ pe ch'he ch'hoo

nay thing,

highest

order
it

to acquire the k'hi hwut Uy, t'hdyh ehey Ify,

knowledge of
See the

by study

is

L6-chod rejected

the next in order.

"K

^

Hiiy iQu.

that and selected this.

A

men's name

;

advantageous

;

also-

rh'h

'

iJ'L-k.

^''°''''

Confusedly; also written

^
sur-

Ch'hoo

written

^

olihoo.

^^M^
Ch'hoo

ch'hoo.

Advantageous

;

to
to

help
attain

and
to.

assist,

To

laeaaure, to mete out.

A

Ch'hoo

te substitute,

Jin

name.

bo6 heng

tiy, fao£

put ch'hoo yeea

le,.

s"d soo u'"

chine,

those people

have n»
I

Ch'hoo

Clear water

%

the

name of a

river.

brethren,
the

why do you k5 \lM Kok hong.

not

assist

them

Se«

CH'HUI

NG
:

128
a house,
to

CH'HUN
sheperd'g boy pointed to the distant village-

Read ch'hoo

place

;

Ch'hob f-~l '^

a place where

we may put a
in.

per-

of the almond blossom."

© f^
Ch'hoo

^!|

son to dwell
ch'hoo

Ch'hoe fhck

t'hah, a dwelling.

Ch'hui

.ng

ch'Sa ch'hid''li

A

flowin

a

gem

;

a

stone in the

midst of a gem.

Ch'hui
to
find

.ng

fe ^
^M.

^ J^
a

the axle-

tree of a carreage-

A

sickness

a

fault,

fault

^

L

J.

Read ch'hwan:
to

to string through
string.

run

on

Kwan

ch'hwan keng twan
ch'hui"^
classics

kwni"S

keng

twan,
;

to
i.

run
e.

Ch'hoo

with.

E
gwd

ch'he & kew, put je hSy

through the

and records

to

S^
ho,
n'ot

gwd

that/h

ch-hofl^f)t^^:^^j| heSm u"' kiw, bo hoe
16

agree with them.

f^

whether

I

take

it

or

ask,

it

I

am

found

with

by

you.

See the ^^Q '(^

CKhui

Road ch'hun

:

to pierce, to sting.

Cho twan. The
name of a
;

grass,

rised as a

Read cb'hwun
v«g"

:

a string of any
any thing
on*,

Ch'ho8

jj^
7^

dye

also edible.

ch'hui

thing

;

to run

a

string.

k
Ch'hooh

Read ch'huy:
iron,

the

hissing

of hot

Lflh luy hoe, jg choo che ch'hwan

al
choo

when -put

into

the

water;

Jip
6iy

^ -^

^^

$.,

**" '""^ *"* "^'^'^ ehed"S

also

to harden steel,

and temper

ch'huX^S,

connected,

t<^ether just

like a string of beads.

the blade of a sharp

instrument.

Ch'heng

siiy

ch'huy kg hong
chiiy

^
a

yj^.

ij^

^
also

J^

ch'hmg

ch'hoSh

e
it

dy hong,

to tem-

Ch'hui

.ng

per the point,

by putting

into pure water.

*
Ch'hnf°

Read

chhwan

:

stream

hea eh'hui"S kaou ay
;

#
passes
;

Read ch'hwan
pass through.

:

to perforate, to

Ge ch'hwan kew

kheukchoojj^^/i^^J^,
wan iy
choo,

an ant

Ml
river.

*^'=^""^-

S-ch-hwan

through

the
it.

hole Of a bead which,

sw"a ch'hui"^
ch'hwan

^l^jll^ mountains and
k'ha ch'hui"^'

has nine hends in

Kew

^ ^
,

Read

ch'hwan

:

an armlet,

a

the anus.

Ch'hu
Read ch'hun: a
ch'hun
village.

.ng

bracelet.

Hwa
ch'hui''^'

ch'hwang Jt"
an ornamented

•""•

Ch'hm

J-

L
chfi

Heang
^''''«'"^'

ill
bracelet

^11 hwa

hco"^

some

say, a hair pin.

/R%\
ChiJa

^|5

a contry village.
yevr,\bok,1i6ng

bnn thewkay'hS ch'he

Ch'hu\

ng ^\^*
rwrnl^^

Read ch'hun

:

to string

any thing

ou a piece of bamboo.

yaou

Mhg

hwa'dh'hun

'^'|f^
'

^^

^,

cheiih

vwofS

chbiu

tt'oi/

id' iSSy

woo, bok

^\^
Ch'hun

The

spring

season,

the

spring

'tonz

hwui''S ke- heng'-hwa'aWiif'S,' 1
^irtii^bcl

begged

"jf^^

Ch'hun wfly

j<t^3i).i^y_sew

boey

to ask where^the

jW^ls, ^when the

1^

cheem pek hwalk'hoey

^^

CH'HUN

129

CHHUN
The moving of
the eyes;
,

to

blink.

ka nooi'S
pij/h

nef^ dy

t'hauu.

A"' cheem ehe''d
is

Ch'hun

hwa ay twd, the spring
the

the head of a
is

whole year, and

plum

blossom

the

Bok

8#
I

Ch'hun

sit

^ ^N
'^ -^W

the twinkling

of an eye.

t;h'hun j6 teen

H

chief of a hundred flowers.

nSyh
village.

ch'hin cheo^S seih n&, the eyes

^ move
,

bak chew
like

Ch'hun

A-

#
arrived,

Vulg. ch'hui"^: a

Ch'hun

lighting.

teung biln yew ch'hoo jin,
la6

him
itH

Seen hak put ch'hun, j£ hoe k'ho g&n se4 e
»

ban

sin

^f

t|l

fjfl

^

^ ^ B9
they
all

Ut'

^*'''""

'^""^ ''**"" """"
sil,

seng ih bak chew fi™

—J

tin tang,

j6 aou (hang lat
the eyes

chiy liy Idng,

chi pio la6 mnoi'^ leAou
in the village that this

king chSh chei"^,

first

learn to keep

when they heard

man

from blinking,
archery.

and

te

then you

can talk of

came

to hear the news.

The

ancient
written

form of

A>'T

ch'hun

;:

Chhun

also

*I5

^

ch'hun

and

^
;

Chihun

_,.

,

,

«->

MTT?
I'TTTft

'/

Vulg. ch'hnrdn hard
, .

:

to
.
.

pant, to
,
.

breathe

.
;

to

speak in a whisper,
of insects; also stupid,

ch'hun.

y^
Read
sin
:

The motion
d""-

to stretch out, to extend
is

Ch'hun

^7©V

to straighten anything that

bent.

^
/==•

^^

Ch'hun pun

^^^

stupid.

Ch'hun j6 ban keng
'* ***J'
If3f

^^^
you stupid

To

think, to conjecture, to measure,

|flj,.ff""ff

*<•»

fifng,

savage.

Ch'hun

to estimate.

T'ha jln y6w sim, 6
che
{(ti,

-ft
"T*
tolc

ch'hOn

t'ok

"T JS j^
e,

P'^ ^^"^ ""^

*""•

^ 5^ ^^^
K
kind;

lij»^

Ch;hun

ch'hum
past a

(J&^

To

blow

another

man
it.

has aa idea,, and.

judgement upon

Ch-'hun
thick,
also

Vulg. eh'hui"^

:

to string any thing,

on a piece of bamboo.
Rich, affluent;

Ch'hun
written

^

ch'hun.

An

inch.
chfl

Yit ch'hiin k'he

ir

To

turn, back,

to

back

;

also used

Ch'hiin

Ch'hun
for tbe following.

^
breath.

ch'hAn k'hi, an inch of

Ch'hiln sim cb'biien k»i gijep

-^

<jj»

-4-

"fi"

Wrong, erroneous.

Ch'hub ch'hok

3E

chit
^

ch'hiuig

dy iim Arm'a sed"^ kaoA
an
inch-square

chit

Ch'hun

A|l;4s, an
se

error, a mistake.
kfi

K6

ch'heng

koi

dy geep,

heart

gnoe ke,

to ch'hiiu pak iHl

speculates- for a patrimony, of a.tbousand ag(;s.

goe dy ch'hea, e iy
his

to

eh'hUn ch'hok pak chap,

books amounted

to five waggon-loads, but

Ch'hfln /I }p^_ To

respect,

to honour.

his doctrines

were erroneous and confused.
kind
of tea,

Ch'hun

n
8
I

A

which

is

gathered

To

push, to beckon, to touch the

Ch'hun
elbow.

late in the season.

CH'HUY

130

CH'HUY
To
be
afraid
of,

#
Ch'hut

&
*^y

To

go out.

Ch'hut goey

^ ^|»

and
ch'hiiy

concerned
yijen

^

ch'hut

gwa, to go

abroad.

Tey

Ch'huy

about.

Go6 put

.^
"^

choo jip chek haou, ch'hut chek
should not be afraid of him.

^^

^A
and

See the

\~

KiJ#.ffliJ^''^^ ''"';
I'eoh

jip teSh hioo hauu, ch'hut

gdnu chb
filial

s'eoh

te,

Seang beng.

yoiing people at
parents,

home should be
respectful
luu.

to their

abroad

to

superiors.

Ch'huy '^j.^lfZ Deep

See the

J^fffl Seang

m

water.

'^jh^

Vulg.

cKh'ciy:

marrow.

Hdn

jip

A

stanza in a song

-,

a scene in a

Ch'huy

play.

Yit

ch'hut

__

ch«-g^
ZJS.

j^

one
^

'^
to the bones

kwut ch'huy

^)\,'^^,
cold

kw"d

jip Jtwut ch'hdey,

penetrating

scene.

and marrow.

Ch'huy

A

Ch'huy "T--^^ The
surname.

m
gim

brightness of a gem.

^»» To

measure; to rub, to wipe.
piin,

Put

To

urge,

to

constrain.
"''gfi'

Ch'buy
t'*
'i''*-

Ch'huy Jt -T^

ch'huy kg

j6 chSy kS bwat,

Ch'huy

chhijuk
ten.

{^'fS^jt"

hong

ch'hiin che bok, k'ho so6

ko

To

push

forward,

to

extend

and
tok e Ay pAn, j& ch'hing chiy e Ay
bo'ey,

chew
i

ch'huy kong,

to enlarge upon,

and

chit ch'htin

ay

cKhti,

I'hang

sat k'h/lh

kw&n

extend

in speech;

to expatiate.
leng,
se

ladu, if

you do not measure from the root

Ch'huy

hefen

jeang

kwan

nae

ho

and put the ends together then a piece of wood

an inch-square,
Idng je n'eo"^ ey
&.y,

may

be raised hi^rher than a

choo

kw^a

cheie

ho,

when
of

l«fty tower.

clever people are pushed forward, and
abilily
ficers

men

yielded
will be
se.

to,

then

all

the different of-

Ch'huy

|Pf«%

To go backwards

and forwards.

harmonious.

See the

f^

^
The name
of a bird about the
siire

Seang

Ch'huy

^
Xij^

Vulg. ch'hdey:
cook.

to boil, to steam, to

of a sparrow, whose feathers are of
a.

deep green colour.
^

Ch'huy
Vulg. cKhoey:
to blow, to play on

yit

Ch'huy

a pipe; also written ffi^ ch'huy.

Chniuy

Ch'huy

»

A

vegetable-;

also

called,

ek

hoe

#
^T^

^ M\
W'.

a bird like a swallow.

Secondary, assisting.

Ch'huy ch'hea

1m

,

a spare carriage.

ch'ho

^-f^^,

"profit mother

Ch'huv

scold,

to vociferate.

CHHWA
Ch'huy

131

CHHWA
Ch'hwa
kiiey

Ch'liuy

cellaneous, few, odd.

# ^
t'hofi

Vulg. ch'hooh:

to thrust

hot

iron

into water, in order to harden

Ch'hwa
it.

^ 32
tied

a piece of
to

hempen
dress of

cord,

the head-

women,

to indicate that

Broken, broken to
ch'huy jro

pieces.

Ch'huy
shivers.

they are in mourning.

T^

all

broken to

fi
Ch'hwa
Not tight
;

Ldng ch'huy 'M-i^i
ke ch'huy
'

Idn san, mis-

a rope not twisted

tight.

Sin
5ffi

6 p'hek ^

6 che
<'A'2o«

S" gS U-k *rX\ ^N
kap

M
Ch'hwa -pClC

iH.

S^ i^ fPE.

^""'

''•^

hwut

liy p'hek, ehb poi biiiyh p'hih cVhitj/

te t'heSou,
I

3^

Read ch'hae

a surname.

both jny own head and this gem, will
to

break

pieces against the pillar.

Vulg. ch'hiy:

brittle, easily

broken.

Ch'hwa

Ch'hwa pwa
winnow,

M

to

sift

and

as corn.

The

fine hair

of animals

;

fine furs

Read so4

:

a snake.

Tok

seJl

Ch'huy

used for a carpet.

Ch'hlCa
;

Uf'|>
GiiCw
»'•

1^^
also

^

lok ch'hicd, a poisonous snake;

Read k'boe

:

the

mouth

an

orifice.

pronouccd
scft

ehtcd.

K'hoe ch'he
the teeth.

"j^ , Neaou k'hoe
tattler,

P

ch'hui, k'hi,

pit t'heng,

i gan t'h^ng
'

it

IM

^^
yi-a,

,

li.

^

^
witli

yj.

Wi II
t'

«""'

'*" "'"''"' '"""^

chedou

ch'hiii/,

a bird's beak, a
yi-i,

a chatterer. je

l'he"a,

ch'hwd

ho bak chew t'he"a,

oxen hear

K'hoe che 6 be

bo k che t sek
yea.

their noses,

and snakes bear with their

eyes.

che «seng yek, seng

U ^^ B^-tll.
di/

i\]

ch'hiiy

dy

te

be,

bak chew

le

nek, he

Ch'hwa

^1 ^

.^^»

To

abduct, to lead away.

Tin sum
rlrhnfi

li^"?
<^''-

P""^
li*

leftng,

sijang

k'hang dy
in

le te"a,

chiy se s^ng yea, the nioulh
the eye of colours, and

judging of

tastes,

^

4\v\

H ^ £ i^
got

tdn s"a kap

wufS

ned^

tea

ffi ;!^. ch'hwa

the ear of sounds, are each according to nature.

r/imJtt,

Mr. Tin-s"* and Miss Wui"S-goe abstogellier.

See the

^ ^-

conded

Beng cho6.

Read ch'be

:

to marry, to

take in

Ch'huy

High and imminent.

ch'hwa

marriage.

Ch'he ch'hcy hwuy wuy

yanu- yea, jC

yew

sfi

hoc wuy

yati;;

Chhuy

The countenance

soft

and obliging.
ji

ch'hKO boi

it"'

il J/in

wuy
Mn,

ai e ch'he Ian,

woo tt yea ai
a wife,
it

c cA***
is

when a man

#
Cli'hwa
declines,

To

beat.

Jit

boe ch'hwa hwun koc

marries

not merely because he

wants her to support him, and yet sometimes

maf^
we beat

hivui"^ dy koe,
the

when

the day

he

is

glad of her assistance,

See the
I

p>

^

evening drum.

Hay

beng.

I

\

CH'HWAN
Read
to
:

133

CH'HWAN
way hay
III

to lead.
loe, to

To

Ch'hwa

cKhaa

lead the way.

^
3^
,

gno seen

lo5 6

^ ^, To ^^^^
loe
first

pit yin
<^*^

ch'hwan tek

^

"!»

i^
'«*'

^
for

?^
rivers

*"i' J"'

''*^'' <'•'''"''"«

a low situntion, we must avail ourselves of
the

ch'hwa
for

gwa iy

seng

loe,

lead the

and

marshes.

See the

TT ]£

way

me.

Hay

beng.

2P
Ch hw a
7,,

The same

"

To

bolt.

Ch'hwan

bfln

^ ^^
for

Ch'hwan
,

as the preceding

;

also

jy^S"

ch'hw^a movies, to bolt the door.


J3>^^

one of the radicals.

Read

cA'/i«i"?

:

to

ib
n
Ch'hw a
Koe sOn

perforate,

to

^^

|JI| ^

W

Ch'hwan
cft'fcio"<i,

the

string through.

name of a wood, used
ing handles.

mak-

Ch'hwan
ch'hw"ct

To

select,

to

choose.

n

^

A

bolt.

MoofS

ch'hw a

To

explain,

to

confer with, to

the bolt of a door.

Ch'hwan S^^T"
,

reason with.

B(in tey sok i

/fc

a'hw"d

to,

^ 5^
to

t° g«* O"*

ch'hwan
Arin tiy

^

?iti:|||^,
held
people
in

CA'AtO a

jf^

of the way,
route.

go

by another

the chap chap kap Idng ch'hwan lun,

Emperor
argument.
v,-i»,

Bun

frequently

A

scale

;

to weigh,

to

judge

of,

A

of very small kind

fish.

Ch'hwan /T^^f^

'^ P"* '" order.

Ch'hwan leang
,

^J^
Bok

k'heng teung
Tc'hin

^ g; |1 ;^
weigh and
^^"'

ch'hwan neo"^

tang, to

dis-

The

eyes

moved a*ay.

criminate the light from the heavy.

Ch'hwah

ch'hwShB ^Qjbak chew ch'hwah,
squinting eyes.

\'\

I

Fishing stakes
'^''^

made of bamboo.
*^^
^^
''^"^

Ch'hwan

>^^^
iUi^

^

''^"^

ch'hwan

To

take

to any thing by force,

;(^ ;§; '^„

"p. 1^ ^^
tit

Chhwah

snatch by violence.


ftiout

tit
-

i

hey ki Idn &y wa,

hi bey

ki

Ity

cKhwan, obtamiog our wish, we

Read

ch'hat:

a grater

;

to grate

ch'hwah

7k^>

any thing.
\7r>>

Ch'hae t'hoS ch'hat
ch'hai Chain ch'hwSh,

and when we have forget our engagements, the fish we forget the fishing stakes.
caught
See the

p^

Chong ch6o.

radishes. a graler, for scraping turnip

^
Ch'hwan

"Whole, recovered from sickness;
to heal.

vF^^

Se

e

chea ch'he ch'ham

Ch'hwah

To

be purged, to be griped.

y
se i

"r
chU

t'hong chea, e ch'hwan peng yea

Vulg. ch'hui^S

;

a stream, a
,

river.

ch'hi ch'hiim ehe"&, chea, o ch'hwa

Ch'hwan

San ch'hwan jlj jj)
rivers.

hills

and

ha pai"S, thus

we use
in

caustics, probes, pain,

and

suflfering,

order to remedy diseases.

CH'HWAN
^

1S3!
to

CH'HWAN
Confucius made selections from the odes, and
classics, fixed the rules

^^

To

change,

alter,

to reform.

Ch'hvvan

n^^ l^^k.
^S
Seang

^ew ok
"PK

put

ch-bwan

^

^^
My,
'pj

of ceremony and music,

^

koo ay p'ha"t bu

arranged the diagrams of the

Chew

dynasty,
records;

not reformed from i>W vices.
se.

See the

and compiled the spring
in all

and'

autumn

of which He merely

republished,

and

^ ^^
Ch^hwan >/ ^f
jf
4J|
,

The

fluidity

of water; fluid and

did

not compose anything

new.

Sec

^•

'^

moveable
Ch1.wan

like water.

-Z> choo choo.

Seng yivt

UfJ

,u.y

,ea 'j^

^ ^ /K
Ch'h war>
and
flexible

ling ty aai"^ ch'hin cheo"S ehhtean ehiy,
i& like

t&^T

Vulg. ch'hwi"^: to perforate, to go*
through.

human nature
water.

the fluid

To
»

separate; back to back, foot to
:

^a

k

To

pant, to breathe hard,

eh'hwan

Ch'hwan

foot

to

go

in opposite directions.

Ch'hwan

^5^
jflJ/V

J^'h^

^^

,

-''*»'»" ^'ft-oy. t«

Hwun

Iffw

ch'hwSn

tfi

^

y?r?

draw breath.

Ch'hw4« sit

^

S

,

^^
in

E|m

hwun

laS'u

iSo poiy ehdmt, to

flow

to breathei also writhen

p^

cli'hwan.

din'erent directions, and' gallop-

away from

one another.
Valg. cVhui"^-- to $tring>anything

To

run away, to abscond".

Ch'he
oft

Ch'hwan

on a

file

or string.

Ch'hwan

ch'hwan ra^

Sf >

to

scamper

nke mice.

To

uswrp, to take what does not

Chin pek e tey

ttliing

yung; t6ng ch'hwan

Ch*hwan
choo,
s5

lawfully belong to ene.

it ke

kengban-^j^|k^^.^|j|.|0j
3™ ^^
J

gclou
ch'hwan

f he

kcung,. pek geiou che

^
his,

chin pek kap e ay aeu te tedng yung,
te

fi»'^^%^*^,
gUou
if

chi pod chaou

keng bun, Chin-pek, and

younger brether TcQag-yung, absconded tok'hiii
ti

gUttu Ay kcung ch'hti, km**
»e-

gether to the territory of the Barbarians.

uy haou tai"^
dwelt
in

ch'hwan ycd, but
palace-,

he had out

Gfiou's

and

driven

Ch'hwan

Pe chhw

^"W

,

eh'hew soh.

GeSou's sou, that would have been
tioB.

usurpa-

a bracelet; an arm- ring.

See the ~f»

Chhwin wSy

^

^ Hay
"jit
^

b«ig.

To
throne

pot Wood on the
to

fire,

to

cook

'"

"*"? ^^

Ch'hwan

*^y^
^rS^"
I'hd

f«od,

dress victuals.

E' ho6
^jS

To

collect

together;
to

to arrange

cheng ch'hwan LI

Ch'hwan

in

order:

compile a book.

tii"i

kap oey
in

M

^S

^&
cook

che

mei"h, to

K'hoiig choo san se se, teng ley
wak, ch'hwan chew ek, sew

anything

a pot or a pan.

ch'hun eh'hew,

kae

sut j«

put

chok

yi-a

|t

^ H
1']

Ch'hwan

The ore

of metal*.

li"

3i^ i!n
U'^a

^ tp
Uy
gak,

ife

'

'''''""^

^^"^
^'"*f

te re,

chimin chew

ek,

tew

Ch'hwan

A

stone ring, a

gem

bracelet: ar>

ch'hun eh'hew, chi poo tut king ji bi tin ehd.

armlet made of a single gem.

CH'HWAT

134

CHIM

*
Ch'hwan

^
H6ng
tey

Vulg. chUn a ship, a toat
:

Chiien

Ch'hwat

Small,

ch'hw&n
a ship of war.
sin

Tp'

cheen

cMn,

insignificant.

Keung koe,

H°6-tek,

chok
fc».^»

To pour
wine.

out, to increase.

Chim chew

ch'hwan

^^ gib ^^^j^
Ay
jitt

US,

Chim
***
I

itiufS ley

sin,

K'eung-koi kap H"d-lek

€hd cMn,

the yellow Emperor's servants called

Chim

chijak

^

Sft

,

to

deliberate

on,

to

Keung-koe

and H^o-tek

first

built vessels.

consider.
Jfi

(A. C. 2622).

hoe 6ng chim cheak

A
.^%
di'hvvat
ak

f]
it.

ffl

,

V^u'g- ch'hbiyh: to quaff, to drink
largely. Also

jein aSu vng Fhang chim cheak, afterwards your

r^
swat

majesty can consider of

wrtten

p^ ch'hwat.
An
instrument made «f

Seaou go tae ch'hwat, je thong

wood and
Sin

/|N#;f^i(^lJ-l^^.
eat
little

Chim

iron,

used in killing people.

sby cheSli twd Urn ch'hin clie5"S t'he^S ak teSh
siiyh,

che heung put cheuk e tong chim

to

.and Jrink

much,

is

like

throwing hot water on enow: Jl would soon
.melt
.a

My heng

bo

kabu

i

WS

chim

rhif,

my

breast

man away.
To.eat, to taste.

not equal to hear the iron club.

.See the ISfe

Tofi.poe ch'hwat
,

^m

^ff

Cheen kok ch'hek.

Ch'hwat

ch'heng

cKheng

A
Chim

kind of chalk

used in

"_nJjJ

drawings,

sed"^ cheih Urn Ay sod, to think

found jn ravines and

hills

and to

of nethiog but eating and drinking.
1

be met with after a thunder storm.

Ch'hwat

The

-ckin

broken, or

split.

Chim
the

[1

^ A

stone resembling a

gem^ an

inferior

^rWr^ kind of gem.

To

.collect,

to .take .up with

|.^-Vulg.

cheemi a
e

needle, used .in sewing.

Ch'hwat

fingers;

to

mak-e

a

collection.

Chim

Cheem-ho

tok kaa se wfly

lun,

Sam

che ch'hwat che yea
^l'

^^ J^
""J'"''
e.

bong chim wuy koe

S

auj

J^ aM

M'^^^,
Soo
se

«"«

<*'*«"'

f*"^"^

to take up anything with three finger*.

tok king &y
kaou,

se -chb

sw''&,

t'ha

mai"^ cheem chd

ch'hwat g^" of

^Q

§ f^ "g
extracted

,

» comthe

Cheem-h6 took
coocoon

a single filamint of the
for

j>ilation

sentences

from

silk worm's

thread

and

a sharp

four Books.

aeedle for a hook.
'Vulg. chetm

A
Ch'hwat

superfluity; anything over; the

:

a

needle.

T6ng
pi

tek

ends of threads in sowing.

Chtm

it
in the art

jin keet seen <:him sut

'W I—
Tek-

/ong te&ou Ay Tek-

\P9_ Black

cloth, used in

jin-keet gadu cho sew cheem

ay hwat

sul,

making

caps,!

Ch'hwat
)?

jin-keet, of the

Tong

dynasty, was well versed

and head

-kerchiefs.

of sewing.

CHIN
Chim
OiM
to kiss.
^

135

CHIN

P/;^

clCiiy

[ijr

P^

Chin

A Chim

pillow,

ChJm

tt
6ej^

on. Chadu, a pillow for sleeping

put an chim

^ J^ ^ $
t'hoS

Oak chew I'h^y

^

To

stretch

open

the

eyes.

Hiing

ong chin bok I'hdy che

;^ ^1

§ia

@
Even

Pfc J21
e,

^

*«»? Sng tai"S *'Au-«^

the

chim
^

king of

Hang

stretched

open
Siif

his eyes, and

menaced him.
;

'''*'""'•

to, until

to arrive at, to
tc

come

^f^

;fefc,

an

cWm, unable

to

sleep

easj-

on one*

Chin

to.

Kwan

heung sew
chin
'^*''
.

kek, pek

lok

ham \^

pillow.

The back ef the neck, the bone at

^S
sew thai

li J^
si,

^^

gllil

''^

^^
'''""^

che"d pSyh &y lok chi po6 laf kaoit

Chim

the back of the neck.

the multitude

of evil things

being

killed

out

of the way, a hundred emoluments will arrive

To hang

th« head down.

together and <:ome.

Exuberant herbage.

T'h6 che yaog

Chin
Read sim, an aunt, an uncle's wife.
Ay
liy

yaou,

k£ yeep chin chin

UK ~7
is

ay, e

Ay heSh boe sing, the Peach-tree
j)lant,

To
»/•

steep

and soak, as

m ;^

but a small
the water,

but

its

leaves are exuberant.

-^

to sink, to enter-, gradualhy.

Chim
slan-

I ...X^

A

tree yielding a fruit, a little

sraal-

)i^^^
^ %_
^

JQn che chom

j^

jf^

^,

Chin

'Jt<ly^^

I" than a chesunt.
chin

Le che put ku

der, soaking

and spreading, like water.
of a river; also gradual,

1^

lek^f ^i^^H.
k'ein,

The name
by

eha boi Ay chip

put ki

chin kieA

lih

d,

Chim •^.*^3^

degrees.

Chlro

bfing
.

chim

women
ing but

offer as the ioiroductory

present, noth-

Ha^C^

chhiiang

^ i^ i^ ^
;

gradually

large and

small

chesunts.

becoming brights and clear.

The name of

a river,

Choo
e,

sin e

Chin
Read t'h&m a turnarae
tftm

ki'

«^ng

6

chey jin

chin wiiy

akio written
ifr-^

'j^

chant, a

surname.

'p^

'"*"''
,

**"

**

'

'^^^y

^H ch'hea hoe

ling kiiiy le chin

kap wuy Ay chiy, Ciioo-sin
he rude
in

Read sim: a

crab.

II6ng sjm
red
crab.

took the carriage

to help

people

|^

^^

Ang chim,

a

across the chin and wing rivers.

True, sincere.
the true god.

Chin

sin
sit

^ tm

Chin
^

Jt
^^tm,

Tu

boil,

to distil,

to

make warm;

some

say, to ^dry

in the sun.

Chin

boO gwuy

The name of a
in

sacrifice,

offered
sot-

ch'httt,

true

and

real

wthout

dissimulation.
real article-,

Chin

r^T^^

the

autumn.

Yeak

chin

Chin h^o "m.

"^

c*'" lioiy, the

^^Y^
^. J^

sedng, e kong seen Ong

^ ^
jji^

something verj good.

'4^ 3fe

3E

^

^^''^

'"^

'^'""

"""^ ^^

CHIN
chijf,

13Q
the spring,

CHIN

lal

hehi

seen 6ug,

summer,

autumn and winter

sacrificei,

are offered to t^^

manes of the ancieot K^ngS

chit

^m
.it

'

'''"P '"'P

'•''»

chit chin,

chap chin chi
ten leaps

tttdu,

cUp

taoH chd

chit eheSh,

Chin

A ^JiJ>r
A

make
pain in the
I)

a chin, ten chins,

ones.

make a peck, and

ten

pecks make a picul, or hundred weight.

pearl, a precious things.

Chin choo

'^^^

square

piece of

wood

at the

Chin

%^
J6 yew
se'k

;^|^,^

pearl.
rare.

Chin kg

^ ^,
Jj^ ]C.

Chin

precious and

se.ang ?he chin
s$

j^ 7a IK
6,ji

J^" _^ ^
^.
t'hee-^^

back of a

carriages.

Kaewanseaug

t'heen, chin

# >^ ^ :^
ley.

hong seang tey

^

fl}

Wroi &»?

chi,r!hc-o^S

3^^
is

fhak rh'hayh

&h

ling

thin, learning

chin si

Uak ch'Mn cheoS

tey,

a pearl on the tabic; (^ very valuaj[)le thing.)
l)5ng se

of the

the top

carriage must be round

like the

Cho5 wuy
ka
te

chin

^ ^ ^ ^ ]^

Heavens
See the

,

and «.e back square like the earth.

cha beng sd &y chin, to consider one's self

^J

m Chew

as the

most valuable pearl of the age.

Ch in
Chin
A
stone nearly reserahling s gem.

The

paths between the

paddy

fields,

A
Chin
'

potter,

one

who makes
;

earthen
yeen,
to

Chin

A

little

rising

of the skin.

vessels; a surname
cast, to

read

mould

;

also bright,

clear.

Hoo

stiang che

hwa hay, hay che cheung
kin,

seang,

Chin

A *^^
:^ irn

^

"^"^'^

^"™""'
t'he

'''*'"»"'

a

Jining

Tong sechin

k'hek, pitpgaou

y^w n6 che cbae

wuy

chin cbea che s6y

wuy
5Jti>

m Z,

^

^«"«-J%< dy si ch'heSns lw"a
dy, pit

»»«, se

fmSh poi Chi

tm

pedou

Hng ji

hwd
t'hoi

se siy, si sey

dy

I'

hang

si

twa cKhin cheo^S

hog e cKhut, in Uie

warm

weather,

when you

iy

t« kin,

eVhut chae seo hwHy &y Idng siy

cha, superiors reform their inferiors,
riors

and

infe-

obey their superiors, just like clay
it

in the

wear a single garment of grass cloth, (you should have another garment underneath ) and let this be outside; (that your body be m>t exposed,
through the thin cloth ).
lun.

pottery;
will

rests solely
it.

with the potter

how he

See the

J;;

^

Seang

work

V

_%

-

A ford, a landing-place,
boats touch, a ferry.

a place where

k^ Jt

^^"'t tuened, twisted as a cord
rope;

?

a

Chin ^/»#* ~ f f
3^^

Sod choo

loi;

Chin

3ft;>JJV
si

Se ySw hek

chin

kfi

heng che

bOn chin yeen

j^

sae choo loe

moofS

chin,

^il he ordered Choo-

^^

W

ch-hin cheo"S at chin u" hi^a
is

dy cKhiw pi,

loe to enquire after the ferry. Aiaj JUU. Hay IQq

See the "TT

^
Chill
hak

that

like

twisting round one's eJd«r brother's
"j;.

arm.

See the

^

H5y

biing.

Read seng

:

a measure^ thehundredth
Sip hap wfly seng,

%, *

To

look

at, to

examine.

Chin ch'heet
chinch-heel

Chin

part of a peck.

^^^

k6 bek
e

1^ -^ J^ 1^^

sip seng wfly toe, sip toe wfly

dy miy"h, to examine the pulse.

CfllN
Blaek
hair,
all

137
hoi
!|nd

GHIN
e

in

confusion;

also

laoU,

(

the

Earth
letting

)

contains

the

rivers

Chin

written

-^

-chin.

seas without

them

leak

through.

See the rb

^

Teung

yttng.,

Ch in

J^^EI To
To

tie,

to bind.

Cllin
save, to deliver*
to help
sfiy

CMw kew !§
E* wOy chin

Chin

JCT^

and tavei

~^ ^
itn

^ %%^ To enter, to aavah'ce^ 'go forward. to advance, ij^ ^^Cfc CheSn chin Kwun choo sam yip j£ chin -^t* ^«t^^
't*6

nft^

-,

^

^

*»«« choo iy Ung »"« hay chok
good man makes three bows
(

ke 6

h"6 che teung yea V\

yip ji aott chin, the

and then advances;
si biiiyh

speaking of the ceremonies

chin

A^etw

ka

ti

t

chiit/

biiet/

Ay teung,

usual in archery.)

See the

\-

3:

Strang iQn.

they look upon

it

as delivering

them from the

Cho
ii^
tetSh

seen seng t to, ch'he j€ chin

t^

^fe

^

midst

of

fire

and

water.

See the

J^ j^
Chew

tE i^

i1^

5^

'"^
,

'***

"'"

""'"^

'« '"^'

Seang heog.
All
;

the whole

the way,

miy"h ki"i ji cWn, meeting our elders in we should walk ijuickly and advance

;

altogether.

Chin
pou twa

I6y chin chaS lo6 ^

^ ff fH :^
i.y

towards them.

^Vt -^^
le loi

chew teiou

Uy

not , chit

^1^^^ The
Chin

same as the above> the name of
Chin kok I'heen hay bdk

kok, the ceremonies of the
existing a
in

Chew

^S33»

dynasty, are

all

the

Lue. country.
to

^^^^
Chin

To

give

present

any one
j

.on

S^

^
is

a sUte.

kiiang yeen

f

(iJ^
it

^ ^ 5^
be said that

chin kok, Chft^S Sy bS k'hih Mrtng beng, with

respect to the Chin country

may

^jp£^ ^Ti^
__

cmnmenring

a

journey

also

tflri-

there

not a more powerful state in the Empire.
'

thers^^chin. Hi-ng

ch(>a pit £ chin
pit teoh

'ff woo niciChsAnge, people setting out on a journey
'

^

'i^"

J^

^

ime

.-M

bsib
tflng

Ae'»4

hi 6y ling

A
Chin

boy.

Chin cho6 hSn
*ey

.^^

__
-i^

4^

are accDstoroed to

receive presents.

See the

m'
Q^
J^S^i \

^ ^^
J^chin.

*«"« che"d

ban

iSng,

about a myriad of yuungroen.
as

The same

5—• To save, to help.
Chin

Chin chey B|^

^^

Chin

^
gem.

Chin

;

also

written

5^:
chin bin
htin

assist

hy charity, to supply wants.

Ian bfin t^y hwat ch'hong lim e,

^^^.^tl-iy. 11^1^,
lint, i chin

Cllin

beautiful

bUn t^y k'hwuy hwat ch'he"S

kiw
dy-

pSyh sai"?, Bfln, the Emperor of the
nasty opened

Han

vai^ To

thrust .in, to crjMD in; to

wedge;

out his

granaries,

to

supply the

Chin

wants of the people.

f

^

a widge.

Chin hwat

^j^

Cm

^
Chin
^jjj

>,.
,

stick the sign-board,

or insignia of

Sore

Chin

lips

;

the

same as 3|v
chin.

office into one's girdle.

chin

;

i-

also

written

R^

Chin
To
act,

to

commence,
siiet

to receive.

Chin

Chin ho hae jS put

nn

^ aS

^ ^
'^pj
''"

^E

m
__
|l|
PIe

Chin

(in

j^ £^
I4n

to wrap silk round
tffflce.
.

a girdle, to be ini
siien

sin

seng
^*'''

gin chc

|^
**

^

a

]2'

""
is

^-^ *'" *"'"*"

/'"P''

king,

'

'*'" '*"'

'"'*

'^ *"

a seulleman in office

hard to be conversed with.

CHIN

138
Cho

CHIP
koi Uat s3h Ji te
kok,
in early

Chin

^ Ip
^

-^

_

To

reprove, to bear witness to.
cl'in

antiquity, they
in

kan

P JI*

'^

^

RlE,

1° bear witness.

tied knots in a string, as

memorandums

manag

Soo wuy,

e chin cheng-kok-kwun,

chSng-kok-kwun put fheng

i

ing

affairs.

fijj"

iJ^,

|iE JJ^
"'"' '"'

SP
1\

M. tt IP
fco/f

^ ^^

"' ""^ ^i^

^^i^_

To

exhaust, to carry to the utmost;
;

Chin
—p

cAeng-

Icwun, cheng-kok-kwun a'" t'he"a, Soo-

^C»
JJ^^
ChTn t'ho6 choo chin

very, extremely
chin.

Also written

^
;

wuy

reproved Cheng-kok-kwun, but Cheng-koknot
listen to

kwun would
pff

him.

See the an;

1

ppi*

I

faU

^ BH
H
gwd dy

>

chin t'hd6u, to the utmost

cheen kok ch'hek.

^g ^
,

to

commit

suicide.

Se put chin gin, g4n put chin e
Chit chin
>

To

prove, to testify,

g ~^^^
chin
I

'^ "^ ^s
gwd dy wa,

sH

bey chin

Chin
ffiilfi*

to verify, to' substantiate.

K6 hoo

ud bey
all

i, I

cannot by writing exhaust
all

je^ng ying jS choo chin che
'^

H^ ^M
_/i

^^
*^"^
a
stole

have to say, nor by words express

tfn haou sai"^ cha

i:^

'

^^
the

^"-^ ''*"""

meaning.

See the B.

M

my

^

tk

keng.

kan

chin,

father

sheep and the son testified against him
»i.

Chin
;

Presents given to any one, on com-

mencing a journey.

!_ To

be moved, to be moved with fear

Chin

YT^

*" agitate.

LOy

chin pek

le,

ji't

A
Chin

kind of grass, used for a yellow

/P^.
BS
'Icaoii

chekou ban hong

H'

^ ~^
chit

^g^ g
l&,

dye; also to advance.

my

tdn kaau chit pdyh the thunder rolls

jit

cheo

ban

he''S,

to a hun-

AChip

I

^

To

hold, to keep, to seize,

to imone's
^

dred

le,

and the sua illumines to a myriad climes.

£j[f

prison.

Chip yew sfj

^

]/ ^^
The name
of a country
;

father's friend.

also a sur-

Soo choo ch'he te4ou, je ch'hey ch'beep chip

Chin
Emperor of

name, and the name of a dynasty.

Chin se h6ng

^ ^
j|^

,

the

first

ch'he t'ia6u, ji boi siy 6 hoe Idng

leith,

to be put

the Chin dynasty,

who burnt
men; who

the
also

to death in the market or public court, and to

books and imprisoned

learned

have one's wives and concubines seized.

Sec the

constructed the great wall of China (B. C. 804).

II IE
Chip sew

I^y ke-

A
Chin
dtf

small insect,

a kind

of

snail,

a

^k ^', gim
to

ch'hew, to grasp one's hand.

periwinkle.

Chlu s«w go bS
^^
''*"*'" **'^'

fe

^ /a
Chin

^
Chip

Chipb«y^^,
Chip soo
holding

retam one

s error.

>

'^*'"

ch'hSng

chija
office.

bak bai, with a head like a periwinkle, and

^ ^,

peron*

eyebrows like silk-worms.

A

Chinese beauty.

The name

of a river.

Chip

Ropes

for tying a horse's feet.

A string,
Chin

aline, a cord; also straight,

a straight line.

Seang koe keet chin

Chip

'^w

The sound

of crying.

CHIT
Grass growing luxuriantly;

139

CHIT

a kind

of coarse grass.

Chit

it

Firm stubborn i

also foolish.

To

settle, to collect, to

intermingle,

to assemble, to

meet together.

Che

Chit

A crooked bend in a hill

;.

alio foolish.

chip ^ft

S^

to collect together.

Chip hbev '
•»

PTC

ffi.

-^

m

'

k'heSh cho hoiv, to assemble.
,

T6ng ydw choo

so6 keng chek,

b(in chip

sod

Chit

The sound of

reaping:

com.

long teiou woo choo lOo keng chek, chea ay biin
chip, si

k'hod0?^^r^ 1511:^^011,
Fetters

OB the

legS) stocks.
lit.

Some

read

&y k'hoi, the

T6ng

dynasty had Philo-

Chit

this character

Chit k'hok soo

sophical and historical works, classics and records,

chea,

hwuy chdog beng yea

l5 j^
is

with such kind of literary collections, enough
to
fill

four store houses.

te.

ehe^i

bin'g, to die in

fetters

and manacles,

not a praper death.

See the ~Y%

^^Hnay

beng.

Three people assembled together.
e

Chit
:

Stopped up, closed upj obstructed.

The

issning)

out of a fountain

a small

opening for water.-

Chit

A. short reap hook,

for reaping corn..

To

arise, to ascend.

Chit

ma

pHyh cheing bay, to mount a horse.

Yim
operating
in.

chit |i^

W&

,

secret

influence.

Chit

To

arrive at, to

go

to.

one** favour: protection.
Office,

employment.

Chit

hwun

Chit

^
chit

Thin, meagre.

chu
government.

yj^
'S*

,

a charge, or duty.
Aic'a t*'V,

Kwan
office

^i

an

under

Chit

Tlie

name of a

fish.

Yew

m\
Chit
Chit

gftn chek. ckefc,

put tek k^'cbit chek k'he

king
reng I
fi4
It,

tea

the

name
ehlm
cannot

dy chek chii, bey

tit

than e Ay chit

hwan
if

of a bird.

k'hi, sustaining the office of adviser,
fulfil

the duties of

our

office,

we should

chit

^ 7^

^

ka cheih, the back

5

depart

Se« the

J^

jfe

Siing beng.

the
'^''''

br»w of a

hill.

L6 k'hd ck^ng
*^

#Pii6y @ -^ jE ^^
chit,

«

^'^-^ «'*^'»

Chit

T6

gather up, to take, to collect.

never eat the middle of the back of a fox.

Chit

Thin ground.

Chit

»2V»? C'''* ''''^' I'm

Pfll

>

»» *P«ak disorderly

and irregularly.

CHiT
To
Chit
weave. Chit poe

140
t"

CHO
inferiors well,
their

,^ ffi ,

^^ave

without harbotrring
then
all

jealousy in

cloth.

T'heen

sttti

k'haou chit

JU

minds

the

concuhines' will

be

pleased

with them.
dte

t'hee^ tun

kU chit

hvuln lag ay kirn, the heavenly
in

youths skilfully
the clouds.

weave the variegated coloars^

Chit ley

the

name of

a

me-

dicioal plant

Chit

^ftfe

Read

yit,

one.

Yit jin

— y^,

chit

To

talk without -ending.

4y
to

Idng,

one person.

Hiiey yea, bfln

^^
Chit

yit j6
Platii,

te sip,

soo yea biln yit j6 te je

plainness, substance, form-,

fJjT
^

demonstrate.
e, h6 e

Kwun

choo Chit j6 e
j?rt

_^

ban wfly

^fo /gr ]/I

^ ^,
See the

kwun

choo chU p'ok te"a le"a,
the

^^^'^ B
good man
it

itn ;3^

,

Chap hang, sod yea
hang,

chew chae hSiy yea t'he^a chit hang, t'he^a chit hang, chew chae ne
hearing

Hoey on

one thing knows ten;

iiiiyh leSh b&n

chb s"d meg"*,

Sow on hearing one
""^

thing,

knows only two. See

more, what has he to do with plain and nothing

ornament

!

'|^

|^ Hay

tea.

Jb p^
I

^^^°s '""
Quiet, at

X
c:iiit

rest,

peaceful.

Kwan choo
lefim

%_ >rr ^"i

Pain, sickness; sick, to
dislike
s'"'
i

be sick

of,

to

hasty, speedy.
'^^'^^'^'
'^*'"'

Chod che

sey

Cho

Ar^
kwun

put jip ch'hS,

wuy k« cM)

^

VXV.
411

^^^^'

«*'''•

^

?"
*'"

^ 0f
""
'^''*^''

choo iH^ jip th'he, yin

wuy

ai Soiyh k'hih

illH

^, *'''»"^
choiu,
chit

^5' "'•V

ch'hai,

SCO

pai^S,

the things which

<ho leim, the ^ood

man

does not enter markets,

Confusius
fasting,

was

particularly'

careful about

were

and pure. because he wishes to be quiet

war, and sickness.
fijang

Chit hfing seen

chea,

wuy che put

tey,

Cho

\t
^«^^
eh.\n
too feSh,

The

ettd,

the conclusion.

ke"d tae sens
cho seo
te,

si

twa Ay Ung,

king keo

s"*

gauu
is

To meet

with,

to fall

in

with.

E

to

walk quickly before a superior,

Cho

seaou yea y6w,

6

kwun seang cho

to

fail in

our duty as a younirer brother.

Seethe
woo hwHn maf'^
taking

mt

fho, kap

k^un
cloudy

le seo

-|;;|^^H5ybeng.
Chit
Sick
;

advantage,

of

a

sky,

to wander out in the evening

in order to obtain

poisonous.

a meeting
Chit toe

with you.

^ ^,

envy, jealousy.
jfi

Hoe

Chfiw cho

^ If,

chew chaou, grains

C^it

hwuy
che

leng f hae hay,

boo

chit toe

Cho
^

obtained from distilling liquor.

Gwln
sit

sira,

koe cheung ch'heep lok che

v^

been

put veijn

cho

k'hong che

|fe>

ric

ii\!f

-V

koe

hwuy By kwun

i'hae se siy,
e,

hein chew chaou be k'he"S

iy cheah, Gwan-heen
did

ji bo

Chit toe

e &y sim kw"a. Hod cheUng siy ko&y

(one
grains

of Confucius'

disciples)
his food.

not

refuse

when the empress and

treat their princesses, can

and chaff for

CHd'
puri"

14V
A

CMO
date.
^

Been j« hoog cho
bin ch'hin ckyp"*"

^ ^
ifl
cho,

''

oil'
fied

or refined.

&nf

having

a face like a red date.

Said ^f b1|

Cho

'^^*^
^«ui
(Jj^

P -^ / W^
'*

The

lefr.

Cho sew

7^

^

fl^
^

kwan

6. se yftng cli»
chi*,

/d cAftc,

the left hand.
attendants.

Cho yew

^ ;^
ili
..

Cheng sek
,

^ ^ P^ ^ ®^
t» perform.
'*''

eheng

sek ai cheSh yeSng
certain

Cbeng-sek was fond of a

Cho yew kae wat he6n,
IE)
e

b5 k'ho jea

^ ;^ ^ ^ ^
tIC

kind of

dates'^

'""

Wng-, fAo poi

kmg
all

S
Cho

.

.

To mate,

ti do,

Cho
*«"*i«

g&ou, yea b'uiy Chang,
is

wheD your attendants
still

say that a raan

clever,

Cho /^LnT 1*9'^
chd ji,
to

'"'"S I'"" fi^

X ^,
trade.
to

>""e

to work.

y»u must not think of employing him.

Cho

t
fik'fieng

seng 16 ^15^

/^ ^^/o

ChdjoO^f^,
make
a writ~

make an agreement,

The same

a» the above

»

also to bend.

ten contract.

^ ^
Vulg. cAa
.-

To. help, to
hold.

assist,

to second, to upt-

early.

Cho

k1»«

J^

^

,

Cho

^ Av*
^0j

Cho

ch6.

Uht, early in the morning. Cft'heng
tily

cb6 yit poey
cha. chit
Veti.

^ ^ — ^ ^.
in

V^

T'hl'iing chac

«h* Aug peug

Pangkok^^J^^i^.^
uiig,
is

CAeiSng chai i boo cho

ping

ti

pang kok,

aou lay, early

the morning

a

the general

superintendent

to

assi^ (te king

cup of

in ccgulating the country.

Ch6 chok
too,


kan

be

^ ^ :^ ^
early
to

,

fW

*»»< rhd
late

miy^

fc^triln»

work and

Cho

to rest.

m.
H.^i yj^ H^

To

liave i peaceful,

quiet.

Vulg,. ehadu k^ha

:

The same a&
in bo3
sit,

the above

early.

Cho

a cook-bouse, a kit-

pit siin t'hiSen to

^ iA
to the

nie

«

<V

Idng

me

«

<"h<^

bu

sit,

pit titn

Cheeng iy
faulty

to,

early and late being

^ ^ ^ ^.
li

|^ Jt |^

A:«p «r<!^ jgfcp rfj/«A/.««

kak, ling k'ho seep sty

chain k'ha, compared

exempt from
celestial

we may be obedient

Kith flattering the
is
it

God «f

the corner 61 Out house,

way.

not bctUr to
tlie

flatter th^

God

of the kitchen

See

_^ |^
the

SSang
in

iQn.

Cho

Vulg, ka

iktudt a,

a

flea.

^P"

^^^^
liLj^

To arrange
name

order

^ an, ordec^ ^

a class;

Cho

of

country

a surname.

^ M^
Cho "^ItXSy

To

wash, to cleanse, to purify.

Cho

1^ '^ "E Z'
k'hi l&n dy lek^

^Z cheto^^jg:||.>:i^^ M
»

•*" J^"*^ '*''' ^ ''*"

^

*

*^" *°^

Jtjl kmun chi"i poiyt

Hwun

chO peng chin

^-

^"^j^
cla.'>scs

ehu pod chin^ divided into

they advance' tbgetber.

*'^ ***"

""^ chlieng eh'heng
ong ty
to,

Ch6 ch'hd kan
was a corrupt

hfiflng
villain.

^ ^.^
city.

;K||'

Chd.ch'hd

t

kfw

hap

seen

we

should cleanse our personal

conduct and purify

our virtue,

in order to seek confonnitjt with the

Ch6 ^J^Sf

Tbc name of a

doctrinet of the ancient kings.

3

M

CHO
Ch6

143

CHOE
A seat,
a
settle,

A

manger.

Ma

ch6

JE

jjM

bat/ cho,

a throne.

Cho
jl*

seilng

a horse's manner.

Cho
Cheng seang
ko pwan
e

pin k'hek bwan
cho

^ Jl
Cho

^ ]^.
seats

ting lAng

k'Myh mw"d, the

The name

of an insect.
clio
sit sit

were

full

of visitors.

Ch^

yew

le,

chija

Cho
€hat"S ting oS
Jifhtih fe,

a,

ch6 cheiih e tiy

sit,

Icay chit piv^A,

over the weJl there

hung

a

^
pliyh

A

black colour.
;

ley

.^ ^^
cho.

,

low people pek
pilt

also written

hwun

^ J^ j^ ^

Cho
nc

/3v

bo

hwun

peet,

not to distinguish between

pear,

more than the

half of which had been eaten
3fcr

black and white.

by

insects.

See the J*

Seang beng.

Cho -^^'"'"'^''"PtP"

make a

distur-

ChO

A

n 1^1

bance to talk at randonu

beat.
'^'"^

Ch~ »/VH^

m V^S*

inountain streams winding round and finding a passage out.
to form, to create.

ChO

To

malve. a noise, to

ta&

iocohereatly..

w ^f_

To make,

Cho hwa

Cho '^^1^

^

IJ^j

creation

;

a lucky

hit.

Kwuy

CM
ChO

A

JL^^^
kind of basket.

siu chea, t'heen tey

che kong yung,

j6 ch5 hwa che chek yea

'^^^

^ ^^f^ "^
dy
clieah.

se t'hee"^ ley

Ay kong yung,

cho hmd,

Sick, diseased.

Ghosts and

spirits are the meritorious efforts of

Heaven and Earth, and
See

the traces of

creation.

J^

-T'

Choo

choo.

t\ Lo chd

€li8
fined,

anything aot yet reor purified.

-fc.

•g^
Choe

The name
I

of a city, the native town

Ch8

A. sickness.

A >^ ^ ^ il ?,
Wig Ay
the son
ke"ji

^1

«*

J

^^ Confucius.
'^"^

Seuk wuy choe
'^^ hoS
'''^

jin

^«^

^ II
said

J^^

'^''"y

« '^"s cho.
that

bat liy hoe,

who

ever

of the

man of Chae understood
_Jh

pro-

Vulg.

cha]/: to

sit.

Ch'heng cho
sit

<^4 .

priety..'

See the

^

Seang iQn
;

€ho
hwa,
s5

ch'hc^d chei/,
loe,

pray

down.

Choo

The name of a country

vulg. cke^

:

cheng sek, jeem yew, kong sey

Choe
Ay Idng lap

a surname.

Choe jIn

e ch'hoe jin

ch5

36

i=^3^t'^.#^.^M
Choo-loE, Cheng-sek, Jiiera-yew and
sat

'Kp

^^

Kong sey-hwa
See the

by the side
lun,

(

of

Confucius.

)

ay Idng Chai, the people of Chae contended with those of Ch'hoe.
see

ch'hoi

"H ^m Hay
to sit

Cho
haou

g t'hae t'han

^ £J

fijp

0.

,

e^ey « ling

Choe

cM

k''hi,

and wait for the morning.

w

To

consult with any one.

Choo choe

^^

to

take counsel of any.

CHOE
Choe

143
taxes, rent.
rent.

CHOE
Grass.
rt^
^

U
yM^
biin,

Choe soey ^jj
choc
lilt

^^

Tey H^ou
te£a

Choe

Seng choe

yit

sok

&^

^—

.

^1

ground
I'been

sai"^ rh'hdou chit pay, thcro

grew
^ffe

bOn ke sou

hay

bin

a bundle of grass.

See the t\\

choechepHan^^|^^^-p:^[5

Seaou gnay.

^ ^H

'"""'
,

*''''

^J' *^

*"" l'hee"S ai/ pij/h

sai"^ ch'hdn choe chit pii"d, in the time

ofUaou-

Choe

Pe choe
ed in

^ ^,
sacrifice.

fragrant grass: offer-

half of the taxes on rice fields were re-

mitted to the people.

Choe Choe
A
mixture of green and red.

linhtC

^

^^'^ ^"^ ^"'"» ""' '"

*^''-

Choe gE

[3|it

[i^

,

a corner,
the

a point
is

Choe

A

small kind of

fish.

Clioe

The

1st

month of
gwat

year

also

called choe

[^

H

the cor-

ner month.

,Jk^

Vulg. ckdou: to run a way, to
t" escape.

flee,

Choe

Choe

nJ-T ^^^^~

Long choc
good

^^

,

gaSu

cAdou, a
chauii,

runner.

Pie choo

IH"^

Grass growing luxuriantly.

^ ^j
for-

pde

to

be defeated.

K'he kap 5 peng j« choe

|^

^ ^ J^
t»,

jfij

:^,

Choo choe

^g *S
jfi

"<•'
,

gc"'ng

Chek kak chein kih, I'hwa peng

Ji chiou, they
their

Choe

ward, unable
yi-uk chin
[ffi

to advance.

Cheuk

threw away their armour,
«fler Ihem, and
(led.

drew

weapons

choo choe f& ^Sv

^

jE
the

Sec

^
,

choo. JJ. biiog

ill

*'Aa
*

iiilt/h

chm jt

bei,

Ar"/},

feet desiring to proceed, but unable to advance.

«^ Choe
"

M^
jin

To

stop.

Choe chf
pjj

j]-

,

to hinder.

Choe

Choc gf

1^1^,*

benevolent kind

O^ '^^^*

Lftn

choe

^ pg

„,t"<i

rhoK

t,.

obstruct.

of animal.

P*

yew chong

ch'hotig

chl^ii

choe

kwiin

To

go, to advance; to depart

;

also

Ung woo

chong

cVhong nw"i choe jin licun, a

Choe

written

p
to

choe.

worthless favourite one Chong-ch'hono-, hindered
•Jie

prince.

See the

J^

^

Seang beng.

To

hoc,

weed

',

also

a hoe, a

A Choe

vessel used

in sacrifice.

Choc

tor

Choe

weeder.

Hwuy
k'he che
le

ke cheung chea,

^ i ^^ SV
rTTj

choe

jfi

^^

^ |§ ^.

e ty ching iy ling leSh

m.
of sacrificial

che sou, chek seang bun che e ^JH

t'kui''d

jt

k'M

e,

those

who do

not belong to

Choi toe &y sod, chlw bat t'he''a
vessels, I

e,

the business

that race,

must he weeded and rooted out.

have heard something about.

Choe

The name of

a tree; alio a surname.

Choe

J^L*!

The same

as the above.

CHOE
An
ancestor.

144

CHofe)

Seen cbo6

^

)pE

'

'^

Vulg. chabu, to report, to send

in

a

Choe

fa
jjjEI

former ancestor.

A

surname.

Choe
tek

choug |g^

^

,

ancestors.

Choe

Choe
Choe
se

report,

Choe gak

^

,

chabu

gak, to play

up music.

;[c^

the virtue of progenitors.

Seen choe hoo boe, chek put gn6 ch'huy

^

keng seang, seng tek put ch'hong

WIl^M^^^^' ""^ my
ihiw hu
t'hek
kale gu-ii.
first

"*"' "'" *"''

ti /f^ IIJl. fhaou cheats, sing t^ang b6
are perpetually
sent
in,

§
»

M

^

^
will

^

cft«d»pri« ehesu

boii/h Vhi"a, reports

ancestors and

but his majesty

iraraediate parents will

not reject me.

not

listen

to them.

To

hold in the mouth.

Choe cheak

»

To

do, to act, to pepfonn.

Choe
become

Choe

•j^L
soras

•'^'^

"^

^ "Ji^^
Hong hwun

" '" ''^^^ '''"'

Choe

AAA^
I lan
iu
I
-^

kwan

1^

ikf ,

choe kw"a, to

a mandarine.
i^!)

Choo soo k'be ch'hay
'^'"^

and ruminate flowers" meaning to meditate

fi^

on

literary subjects.
I

the commencement performing anything,

^^

IP

^

*""

'''** *''"'"'" *'''
is

^
Choe

To

die.

nae choe lok,

difficult.

A^tl
pay
hoe,

k'ho pe jj^ pek s6ng jS song

^
Choe
)

Waters meeting

in

one stream, and

bong hwun kabu

si,

cheo"S se"S pUyh sai^S clChiH
( i.

rushing forwards.

when Hong-hwun

e.

Geaou

^

To

assemble.

Ke mi hok

choe

^

had died: the people felt as if they
father and mother.

lost their

Choe
together.

See the

"^ ^

h5y beng.
seal

.TTTjr ifB 'fi/c > the carriages and horses all arrived

ch'hea bay ehb pou kabu.

The
Ciice

threads
is

with which the

of

office

tied.

Cho6 sew

^^

^

Happlnes.
,

E'ng sek chod yin
ing koa

^
bestow
/j\ ||£

a fringe or border.

Choe

St:

jSj
(

sou hok hoe- ke"d
)

To

to. stop: to put a stop
/jpj"

Ho
'^^

jit
'''"''

)f¥
»B.
ehliity

s^un,

may

Heaven

ever

Choe

soo cho6

7
this stop.

^
'

happines on your posterity.

See the

ifl.

Seaou gniy.

jh cMy

lit/

iwU, on what day

will

To

swear

)

to take an oath

regard-

Choe

m
m.
^
pJj-

Choe
Cho6 chong

ing anything gone by.
chfle
ehwa.,

K'hwat k'hoc
e <iM
oatlis.

^ J^

^ S*"" °"

^'"'^'^

ch&w
his

j^\2
mouth

^%,
in

the seal of office

is

engraved

;

that
five

ch^w

vociferated

for a prince of the

Empire was

p^k* A
Ch.oe

sort of

music

played

the

first

for an Emperor seven inches square, and that

month of the

year.

inches and a half.

Teen cho6
over

Choe

^

ffl^^

« god presiding

Choe go6

^^
;

The

teeth uneven

rice-fields.

Choe

and irregular
cally for

also used metaphori-

J^-r^ Choe t|

Chew cho6 5{1 |i , ^''^"' '*'''"• ^^ choe ho6 chew curse, to swear. Ho6
'^^
.

not agreeing together.

^j^ ffl f;]^ 5£ and cursing disorderly. swearing irregularly

»'*'" '•''*'"

^'"^«'

Choe

To

scold,

to

rail

at.

:^.

CHOEY
The
flesh

143

CHOH
United, joined, connected
;

to

con-

of a sacrifice; al»' wrUteh

Choe
choe.

Choey

"^
!:m-

fr'

J^^

nect.

"_--.^y

Choc

fe^^

The galloping of ahorse; togo to gallop. Choe k'he
up quickly.
Vulg.
chart
:

swiftly,

To

break, to break

^^

in pieces.

Chofy

to rise

Choey ;^pffc

kong

wuy j6w

^
i)/

^ij

j^

^

,

p'hih ch'hhj/ gnag
to help, to aid, to assist.
fflj

cho nooi"^,
soft.

tO'

break up hard things and make them

Choe

Siiang choe ffl

see chun,

to

I*':
Hiiay yea,

A

collection

of

frost

and

snow

liclp

one another.
drifted snow.

;

hwuy cho5 ^06 chga yea [pj
-Hi
,
'io'^J' i'S'i.

-J^

^^ B^

^^
;^

Chan f"" *i

gwd

A

crime, a fault
if*l

Bou
"

cbiiey

boo koc
and
sin-

&y lAng, Hii^y does not afford nie any help.

T^

faultless
ii44

~k

Very, extremely

;

the chief.

Choey oe

less.

Choev _r

I ~Z*

-'^

<*'"

'^''"^

"'""i *o t^ke very

A
Chiiey

crime, a

sin.

Yew
sinful.

choey

7h 5E
chiit-y

^

much.
kong'wfly chody :t^

E

cheiing chut che teung

woo

choey,

Hek
yea

6

cheing

kwaa peng

^ ^ ^ I^
chut

J^/

^^

^,
Id is

t'heen

bo6 sey
*^*
>

to

3^

ffi
*"

"jkl^

Hy teung,

kong
merit

^.
is

^ 1^ II
16,

ill

^***-«' ^

''*^^

'*•*

Uy yil, among
Chck

generals and soldier*,

Chang

when a man

sins against heaven, there

the principal thing.
lek tong seen,

none that can intercede for him.

Sec the

wfly seen 'choey lok

Chiiey jin put noe
tai seng, ehd ho chin chae t'heung lok,

5E /^
let

"Xs

?2

,

"-'"o

choei/

tbeaccu-'
and
'

iy

lAng bi lAy ke''i «un,
in

not criminals involve

mutation of virtue
the doing of

is

of

first

importance:

their families

trouble.

good
bite,

aSbprfs-the greatest pleasure.
to cat, to gnaw.

Jt^
Chiiey

To

Sinjiicy

Pj^

koe chody Che
AS sin

''ly^fc

^ ^ j^ fj -^^
c,

^ Choey Ujl||^ 0<h
tvoo
chit

Read

suy, to sleep.
sit

Bwat

to

kok yew

gn6e be ch'ho,

che so6 jin put

"""P suy

^ # ^ ;^ s ^
country
there
is

Chang a koe cheih
it.

the

flics

and grubs had gnawed and eaten

Uy
in

giie

be ch'haou, cheih e tai ling b6

3pJ^
Chiiey

Chiidy sey

<^pj^^

ke^i

lai,

cMiy &y a bridegroom who attaches
^

^ t® »

chin

ki chSiy,
plant of

the

Bwat-to

a
1

fine

tastes which

when eaten

will keejp

_^^^
Hoo

himself to his father in law's family.

choey KM"

^

a fleshy excrescence, a wart.

k
Chdh

people from sleeping.

Read chok

:

to

make,

to

commence.

Mftou

choey

Its

,

a whisp of

L/hoey

J^l^t

coarse grass, stuck up as a sign for

if

Chok ch'heing (^
to build

a wall.

^^ chdh chheu"S' Sey chok ^,

^

tfy chSh, a spy.

people to meet, and drink together.

Choey

^^
8

A

fleshy excrescence,

a swelling; the

tek

;

to throw.

Tek

se'k

same

as

^?

Chdh
chiiey.

i^R

PRead
K

'jR

^

chSh chOh, to throw stones.

CHOK
Chdh

146
shoot with ao arrow.
-gji" ^

CHOM
To
elevate, to promote, to raise to
office.

#
H^
&g
bird.

Read sek

:

to

Sek cheen wjc
let fly

cMh

chee^S^ to

Chok

Chok che hoe

pin k'hek cbe

an arrow.

Ek

put sek seuk
teSh

teung, jS lip che 6 kwfln sin che

^ ^ ^j
See
J;;^

cMh

ched^S b6

cMh

haiH,

chedou, in

archery he did not shoot a settled

?r

E /^

-t'' **
te

''*** * '^

'^"^ k'htiyh dy

|^

,

Sermg
to

iQn.

teong, ji lip e

kwun

sin

dy ting, to elevate

X X
Chok

To make,
to do.

commence

operations,
to

one in the midst of the guests, and to establish

^rCZ
f 1^

Chok soo

^^

make

one over the host of ministers.

trouble.

The
wuy beng

barb

of an arrow
-Jl^
"fife ,

;

a

relative.

Chok chea che wQy

seng, sut chija che

Chok

K6w

chok

the nine series

of relatives.

Ay Idng king kei sing, t'k&n dy Idng kung ked Hng, he that
first

invents a thing

may
it

be called

a

Chok

A

scorbutic disease.

philosopher, and he who imitates

may

be called,
kd.

an intelligent roan.

See the

=£ L6y

An

eagle.

Boo

tCng tSng che lae g6,

A.
Chok
Chok
day.
jit

Chok

^«r
'•

bCng ke y&ng che gak chok

a
S*
ydng
hall

13^

,

cia hwui^S^ yester,

bod tS tdng ting dy lai gi, haou te ke

dy gak

chok, the Phoenix sporting
(referring to

on the

Chok

of

To

T6ng

be ashamed.

Gcaou 3'^ )

^

and the eagle

screaming at the hill of
Bfln ong

ke ydng (referring to
betoken the appearance

,^_,

^

When
host,

a guest pours out wine to a
it is

A^

^2.

''"*''

)

}

Chok

nQ^C
called

of a sage.

called

chok
the

gfe

and when
it is

a

host

answers

libation

yfyft^ Chora kwuy

fftt -trl

,

a

good

rule.

s€w
chok

%j— 1>

Chom

kae t1/

^
jf
to

,.

good

counsel.

S6w

^^

,

mutually

to

pledge

one

/^^t

T6ng-b6ng-to,

chok soo
(j:

but che

another.

kwuy kae

Chok

The name
wood.

of a tree

;

also to cut

down

^W
i chd

chom^c
-t\J

j^

f
in

J

j\^, le"db6ng
kai,

chd si

biih

\l^ dy chom,
list

^Z
of

kwuy

T6ng-b6ng-tQ made a

the four prohibitions,

order to form a rule

\yty% T"

wash, to rinse, to cleanse. Ch'heng

and a caution.

Chok

y/>f-#-»

soo chok eng, chok soo chok eheuk

cKheng ay s6y kin
water

tviA 16

dy iky

k'ka, the clear

may

serve to wash the tassel of one's cap
feet.

A^/f A bodkin, a hair-pin. Kim chom Chom ^fc^Q ^^ a golden hair-pin. Luy tae chom eng tcl f f^ || k^fiy
,
,

^

^

,

ni tSy

chdh chom kwi eng, foe

sevef'al

generations
( i.

and the muddy to wash one's
Vulg.
Id:

they have: worn hair-pii>s and tassels
dirty.

e.

they

and tak,

muddy

Keng
keng
of

.

have. 'been La
_fc.

oflice,.

and

worn

its

insignia).

Chok

6

wQy chok .}g yj^

JB :^^
Wuy

ckdy bak levy

ohiiy 16, the waters

the Heng, render the waters of the

muddy.

Chom

>-• 1^

How.

Chom

mahyang^'^, li^^g,
in

an ckw^d yeo^^y

what manner.

See the

^

ffiT

Kok

hong.

^^^^

Chdm

tek ch'hew p'ho yit

chw&n 'fe

CHONG
^^

147
^y
''* '^^'^

CHONG
ffl Tf; sad and sorrowful, as
)

^

"*
il^
di/

^

^

*"

''''^"'

fh'I'ew

ch'hek eh'idm, cVhin che«^S bd kody
it

e,

p'Koehit

teoi'S,
?

how

shall

we get

the

autumn

were displeased.—
a farm.

waves to turn

fc

|.A

Vuig. aai ffhwa, to defame, to slander, to blast a roan's reputation.

Chong

Chom ^/t^M
I* |Z1

Pe

chdm

^A^ P # ^ %>
fellows,

jin chea, sfly tek e bo£, Ij^

chok t'heen cho&

*
^
in
. 'i

Volg.

ch^

:

Chong sea
house.

Ff* ]ff£

cluPS sH, a farm

Boe

wfly te6n chong k'hek, teaou
sin

% % ^ f£ ^.^
chii

*•"«* '^* *«* p*"'' "*

f^

"7"

(5

>

"'"'^ hiBUl^S chd ch'hdn che"S

Mng-, c*g eAu^ a /a ^ sou >feu"S', those slanderous

dy Idng
jin sin,

k'hiyh,

vUn a ehae

hdng

Uy dy
became

who

can join
^

in

counsel with them.

the evening be was a stranger at a

See the

ChSrah

m
R^
biio

/J> J{|

S^aoo gnay.

country farm, and the

next morniBg

a minister of the Emperor.

To

bite,,

to chew; tke n»ise

nade

%
-•

A

square

gem

;

a precions. stone, of
lik«

by eating.

Chon;

i

an

octagon

shape,

the earth.

P'hek chong

^ J^

,

a gem nine

An

ancestor,

a

forefather

s

to

ho-

inches square,

used ia inviting the Emperor.
high bunch of hair.
''"*•*
»

Chong

nour; to respect as a roaster; a
surname.
a double surname.

A
Chong
^

T*ho« chong

Chong ch^ng ^j>

"^kf ^

®^

**"•* * t*^ "f hair.

Choc thong
jr^

iljlj

^^

forefathers.

Chong heaou,

an anceslorial temple.
bijiing
cfce

^^i^ Ma chong ^ |^^ bay cUamg, a horse's
* %
Vulg. che"8
:

Chong

l£y,

scy e soo hoe kfi seen
to ornament, to adoro.

chong

dji

1^

sit/

6 ch'hae cHy seen Idng, the

ceremonies of
order
to

the anccstorial

temple,

are

in
tlie

Chong }jHjr Hwa sek '
f-^^
wa
tek

chong hi
che"^
very

^

(fj 4]^
to

|^ ,
paint

kauu

lit^,

sacrifice

to

forefathers.

See

and adorn,

till

it is

fine.

A
Yin put
sit

ch'bin,

ck

lady's toilette, ap]>afatu8 for dress-

k'ho

chong
,

yija

m ^ 'k ^^ ii
i"*
tit

V]'

^'

^

la

''"'" "^'^

Chong

ing. i

Teng

lo6 k'hae ekong keng, f?: /[^ f^^' '"^ *^"''0'
at

kok cUeak seen

e

e &,y I'hang tIChiH

wu dy

G9

Idng,

yea t'hang
if

leih e cho ehoo,

m
also

following teachers,

we do

^. it l^
k'e^d,

^ M- ^,
chambt^r
to
in

j|^

'A^
she

not miss a person that can be nearly approached,

u'i kiih ch'hing tin t"a,

one

tinio

we

ascends the

may
l^jj

take

him

for

a.

master.

open her
slu;

toilette

and

See

J^

Seatig iQn.

looking-glass, and at another
the gallery

icaw

'again.st

dreMed

new appMek

%.

Chong

A
To

\%

An

adorning, a setting off; to orna-

dLvioc person of ahli^BltJf.
'I

11)

hU>^l

I.

be pleased
consider,

and
to

Chong'ltlJ^ <J /l"^
alstt

Bienl, to dress.

Put chnk

yil

hwdn
TKT

chong, chin tek hong Iftw

t'b'ati

delighted;

Chong

1^

to

reflect.

cb'hek jeak bo6 chong

M ^
/*%

Ch'hek

yung

chit

dy huun che^, chin tU

teijh

hong liw

dy yefi"^, without needing a single painting or

CHONG
adorning, she has altogether an elegant appearance.

148
hpw can
called

CHONG
such a way as this be sufficient to be

See the

"K '^ Koe

se, ofd 'pbims.

good.
|2

See the
bribe.

f*

Sm

Seang

lun.
sen>

Chong

M
cKeih,
footsteps.

A

Sew chong
e

& wt
che"^,

To

be established, to stand

firm.

Chong

cho'"S^ to

receive bribes.

K6 sew

jeuk sim

fham woo cho chong
koo

A

trace, a footstep.

Ho

ch^Jie

bek

Chong

hong

chong

fflj

^^
for
his

5§^

^

,

jeuk k'hUh
disgrace

sim i

fham

chey

the

boeyh Id I9h

li'hi

cVhiiey, e &y p'hang

and

shame
dirty

of it

would be greater,
'

where

shall

we seek

fragrant

than coveting
bribes.

advantages and sitting on

Viilg,

Chang:

the

name of a

tree;

Chon
V.^-^

Straight,

upriglit

;

lengthways.

Chong
;

which has leaves without branches,.
of the bark of

which rain

cloaks

Stern, sedate

;

correct

;

adorned

a

may

be made.

A

kind of palm tree, in appeartree.

Chong"

r_l

iff''*

farm

?

also a surname.

Lira che

ance like the cocoanut

y\^
Mil
lun,

echong,chekkeng^;^J^TJi
kaou e i chong geim Idng chew king

> w^^

Vulg.

chang:

to

run

aground.

^7

la&

Chong J*f^&l

Ch'hwan chong cheak say

toraing before the people with sedateness,
us.

they will respect

See the

H gS SiJang lun.
sheep.

/^.^^^
ship

^

|& J^
the

'/J/,

chUn chang leSh twa,

ran aground on the sand.

Chon

An

,

ewe^

4 female

Chong

Wa chong
To

^^

the

name of a

hill.

dress the

A

head 4 when

females

Chon^

written fishing net; also

^a

chong.

Chong
of waters; the appearance
'

come of

age, and adorn their head
wish,
is

dress, a congratulatory

ex-

^i* ".^ The noise * Chong ? / „
,.
.

pressed bj hd chong

To

collect

and

bind

together
;

;

the
also

Chong
A
sticli

whole-, altogether,

generally

for beating anything-, a post

Chong

stuck in the ground.

Chong
Itae

The

inside, or contents of

anything;

Chong

to

put

in,

to adorn. to dress,

Chong hwiin

Chong b«ng
an

^ ^^ ^ ^ ^^
se

j^,
J

^^er

all,

_,

but if only.

Chong

long chong, the whole.

chong me''d, a general terra,

^ j^
ch^S Uy,
Good,
name.

^

Chong chae

universal appellation,

8^

to put -anything in.
excellent, thick, kind.

Chong tok »H

"&

^

a general superintendant

;

a Governor General of a Province.

A sur-

Chong peng

se

kw4n

j^ ^W iW i

^ 1^

^

to have

Chong
f^ y£
i>l

Choo

wat, se to y^a ho

a general hold of the reins of power.

chijuk e chong

^
ej/

-^ j^
ho,

^ jg

-JW,

K'hong chong

poor and
leisure,

dis-

'

*""

*'*""

^°"^' '^^^^

'^^ '" -^^"

Chon 6ng/4l2|

tressed

;

also not at

Also

ioigh chajk

kaiu i king

Confucius said

vy^

written jM.

chong.

(

ChJ)NG
A

149

CH&IG

Chong

sheaf of

com.

Chong

y^^

Distressed, reduced to diffieulties>

Chong;

\Ch6ng kak =§f ra ahorse'* mane.

Chbm

The appearance of

standing.

i\Xi>
«
Strong'^

hate

Chong

H Jl»
#|»' •

Chong keen
robust.

^M

fleuri^ing,

robust.

chi^g

ke^a,

\t'\^ A
Chong;

male pig

;

a boar; a pig 6th months

Kip kS chong yea, beet
fjJ

old

k'he hong kong, kae che chae toe

^T Hi

e

ty

M^^ yea,
to

hiiiyh k'hi too too

a kong gnay leSh
are

ChOng

^
Iwtt

|5qv
To
exalt, to

honour, to respect.

Chun

ch6ng

^ ^g

to honour, and obey.

king kai

sio

p'hdh,

but

when people

Cb6ng ko bok

tae

6 heo

kwiiy

grown

strong, and

their

blood and

spirits are
£

firm, they should be

pod kwiiy, there are none
the
rich and
great.

more elevated

guarded against quarrelling
than

See tb«

and fighting.

Mj iM
keung

M4-hok-p'ho

16

'm

^m.

""*
Ti-^

long ek chong Jf^ i^ yft *"* ''*''' '^"^^ '"*" ^^"^ "*

^

Yiiih keng.
K'hira ch6ng t'hcen to

4^ 1^
to,

Tf?

^

l:ien chong,

ma-hok-p'ho, when old became

much

king t'hin t'he/^ dy
the dictates of heaven.

respectfully

to follow

stronger then formerly.

See the "fS

^

Seo"? se.

,_^

fc--

To

bury,^
5

to

inter,

to

pot under

Chong >i^ |/^
,^J.i^^
Che e ley

ground Seng

also

written

gb
so6

chong.

ChOng

soo

che e ley,

chong

y] ]0 ^

safS hoh

^^

;2 1^

t.

% 1^
proper man-

cloth, and the

m
;

^

Taxes

levied

by

barbarous states

;

among whom

the wealthy

were

re-

quired to pay annually a piece of

poorer

sort

about twenty

feet

sae e chiou liy loi, tt tai e

of cloth

which was called

Q^
to

5fe chflng poe.

when our parents are alive we must serve them according to propriety, and
ch'edou liy loiy

Yulg.

k'hi"^ :
up.

hide,

to conceal,

when dead, we must bury Ihcm
ner.

in

to store
s(iy

San ch6og ho£ pa,

Sec the

Jj^

fm

Seang lun.

Chori!

j^^.

7K
K-hdng chong
jnbcnding

ll'S

^k

H.
in

yin kaou leflng }ij |£ f-^ '""" ^''"^"^ '"^ "^ '*'^ '^'"'
tygers and.

^

I^H^ straight,

stiff.

kaou ledng,
leopards,

the hills are .secreted
in the waters lie

and

concealed serpents

and dragons.

Chong lf>^ j^^'^-

Transverse threads, in weaving.

Yflng che chek h£og,

itk.

che chek ch&ng

Q
us,

Vulg. ching

:

a kind of eoBfectionary
sharp corners,

pdng kak e chew k'hi'^,

if

they

employ
if

Ch6n
moon.

tied

up

in leaves, with

then we commence operations, but
ject us,

they re-

and used on the 5th day of the 5th
Also written fS. chong.

then

we
lOn.

lay

ourselves by.

See the

-t.

11

Seang

CHONG
To
collect in
;

150

CHOOTo
lay

a buncln to grow in

ChOn
B6
e sip

a bush
JJtili]

a bush.
chit

Yitchong

se

up goods

in store;

a store-

Chong

house, a treasury.

chang ch'hew a bush

tree.

chong Ian

i)vx

m
6.3

>s^.

m

sii/

hoe

^^^
Choo

Red, vermilion

;

a surname.

Oe che

wun lam ka noof^ chdng
rain moistens the bushy

tin hwa, the small
flower.

lS.n

^^T '^J
sek,

che tw'at choo yea
.ar*

W

^ ^ ;^ ^

Ji'ora

chi sek dy twat choo

(Confucius) disliked a red colour because

ChOn

Plants growing bushy and luxuriantly.

it

took away from the beauty of the vermilion

See the "T*
the lofty and
hills.

=m Hay
pearl.

lun.

•Gang chong jfn

ChSng

^^

j

A
Choo

Chin

choo

^^ Mj
e choo

a

grand appearance of

precious pearl.

Soo che

geuk

put tek been yeen

^

^X P7 3^

To
be.

be annihilated,

to die 4 not to

~[t /f\ ^3:
tit

W^

^^

hok saS e i choo geuk bey

h'ein

yeen, if I serve them with pearls and

gems,
sions.

I shall not

be able to avoid their aggres-

See the

The name of

a

ri*;er.

p

'd6 Seang beng.

Put

chin choo gijuk,

sey chin wvly

siien jin

^ ^

A

form,

appearance

;

a sort

;

a do-

choo geuk, sey chin

se hd Idng,

they did not value

Chlong il fV
mSou

'^"™'^"*-

^"

•^''°"»

7j/ V
l(§

^^^'

^" '"

pearls and gems, but they valued good men.

dictment.

Teang-cho6-p6ng-ch5ng

j5 boo jin le choo

iO

A iC -?
chio^S
or
girl,

^^ J^ jQi3%
'^^"^

w

A

vermilion coloured powder.

Choo

'*""^
'

J'^"S'/^'^''«"^

Choo

TC2t
'\A^j^

bek

^ m,

§•''«

<:>">o b'ak,

red ink.

maou

cKhin

che

hoi

ling

Hi

choo,

G(;6n choo tijem

A, pa
>

pit tey se,

T.eo"S.cho6-p8ng's appearance
a

was like that of

# # 1 ^. fc *- 1 it
yekh keng, gtm
lie

'"' '""' "'"'

woman

pit lai Ity se,

with vermilion ink

Beng yang key-seng.ch'hey

si-k

ch.5ng choe\

and then put stops to tlietook of diagrams;

tae hoo so6 Bj^ f si-ang, ch'heng

^ KM JUL ^
chabu hong

took up the pencil and composed odes,
•Choo sey i^;

f^

cinnabar.
^

yeo"^
ley

.ke_v

sens

&y

hoo

sea

chi^S

the

name of a

cWh-^d

I'hey e

dy ang

si, in the

B6ng

dy-

Choo
medicine.

nasty Ye6"S-key-seng's

wife
it

wrote out a do-

cument, and presented

to the

Emperor beg-

stead of her husban<i. ging to die in the
'

Choo
,

The name of

a river.

^

The
goe

bowels.

Gno^ thGng

Chono;

^ ^|

To

rely on, to

borrow, to help; also

che"', the five viscera.

Choo
Siiey

to

bestow.

Choo

p'hin

^^

mm

^

natural abilities.
Strono-, vigorous;

great and Sourish-

Chon

ke chek hwat ch'hong lim,

e

choo t'heen

CHOO

151
he

CHOO
who
rises

E

,

bat ne&'S tang, chek k'hwiii/ chlie^
in seasons

tint,

i choo

at cock-crowing,
is

and diligently
See the

fhec"S hay pahi/ sai"^,

of scarcity he supply

practices virtue,

a disciple of Siin.

opened the public granaries,
the people of the Empire.

in order to

-yC

^
»

H5y

bSng.

Form,

appearance,

talent,

ability.

Black;

also, this, here,

now.

Bun dng

Choo

I^J^r

T'hijen choo e hak lek peng chin,

Choo

ke but, bOn put chae choo hoe

^^1^^

suy ji;6n st-ng ttk che seo

^^ ^S
si'iy

bAn ong kauu
laou hoe,
literature

si,

c

iy bUn k'ham C""
is

se

wa

cht

Cheeks choo kap hak lek cho po6
jein

katrn,

chew

since
still

bQn-ong

dead, does

not his

che^A lek iy ling,

when heaven-bestowed

remain with

me

?

Said by Con-

talents,

and powers devoted to learning, are both

fucius, in the

J^ gm

Stiang lun.

united together, then

may one succeed

in

com-

character. pleting a virtuous

V
Choo

V>

^^

Juicy; also abundant. E' loe choo jun

Choo

^y/y
%-r!>

A

new

rice field,

that has only been

Jwir^
and
rain.

uun lAm,

raoistoncd with the dews

cultivated for one year.

Choo he

h^

5?|v: j

^^^^> Aaver.

Choo choc

Choo

^^
w»j|»

^ ^,

""'
,»••'<=

to

Choo
To An
produce, to be Lorn, to increase.

advance,
gress.

unable to

make any

pro-

The
agricultural

six kinds of grain are called

^S
they

implement;
kc,

a hoe.
ifi

Choo

Choo MT'lfli

Suy y£w choo

put j6 fhae

Choo hod
iuy woo choo
t'hae e ke, u'" tat teoh teng

^^
^^^

C^^^-

choo,

when placed

in vessels

are called
keiig

^
in

^cng.

cho^, c keung choo

seng

iy

ni,

although we have agricultural implements, there
is

rhSh ch'hiii. i

k-eUng kip choo ting,
assist

the princes
in

the right season. nothing like obtaining

See

of the Empire

ploughing,

order to

••'^

JL.

j^

^*^°R

''*"S'

provide the grain

used in sacrifice.

Choo
thcr.

bofi

Choo

Ajjt*
•/f^

small stature.

Choo jS choo

jfi,

pae

^
e

=11

to
^

consult toge-

Choo

C^^^
1^^
'

Choo chea

.^

Ij^

an cx,

<|lamatioo.

^,
|Ss

choo je choo ji pae

gud twa

tele, this

diminutive dwarf defeated us at Te.

See the

;^
Choo

Cho twan.
grass and vegetables;

Choo

\^\

Black.

Choo

m^

*

or
,

s''a,

black

clothes.

*^jr/f^ Abundance of

^^7\
«M A

this,

here,

now,
earnestly.

Choo
Key b6ug j6
seija

Waggons

for carrying baggage.

Choo

'*^""g ijlm

^

,

'«»Sg»S< wjggons.

Diligently,

Choo

\\^
'^A.
'^ C-

k'he, choo choo

w fly

chca,

siin

Choo
che.6eyea|gt||i(n^.^:f^

|Vt> %^^

Money, wealth.
treasure.

n"6 choo
k'hu^l"^

"^ |^

,

Choo

h"o hwiiy

^-

^ ^ ti -i
hu

'

"''

'""'

jn^

kv, i s« fhw&n

l\l*r«iW(»'^^

g"

''"/^
sun uy hjak seng,

choo choo cho

&y

lung,

se

CHoa
ai hwiiy yiing chSe^S, too leSh e
choo,
i.y it

m
chwdn
hiiiy

CHOO
Mftou choo

3&

'^m
;

a kind of coarse

choo-k'hong was fond of spending money,
it

Choo

grass

or rush

to thatch a house

yet when
again.

came

to the time,
,

he got wealthy
ke.

with coarse grass; also to collect.

See the

^ p^
lower,

Soo

Choo
_
IN
-|

a weight of about eight ounces-

The

hem

of a garment,

the

Choo ^JxFi^

border of a dress.

Leep choo seng
"^'^"''
'

}^\
pee^S,
pai/h

*»"s

^^

"Jf "s!

*""

A
''"•''

weight of about 14 ounces.

Choo

Choo

cheo^S te"S, "he gathered up the

choo

^ ^r

small

weights.

border of his garment, wlien ascending the hall."
Lest he should trip and
fall.

See the

J^

^
"^

iL^t^
Choo

Choo chea
a sigh.

=^ t^
Choo

,

an exclamation,

Seang

lun.

•*Tyy.
T^ I""

je sun, t'hijen che

Choo

e

chiia

^ ^
/^
dead
tree,

lek soe chae je

*

'^'"^

''^

^^

keung :gk

''^"^'

^ ^S
sin,

person in mourning.

Uy
still

sun,

t'hee^S
!

dy

lek

soi

chae

li

ay

O

•CCC A

standing

erect, a

thou Sun
person.

Heaven's calculations centre
t'i«'

in

your

Choo
dry post.

See

~F»

Im Hay

lun.

The name of a

river,

whose waters

Choo

are as black as varnish.

•A small kind of iron pan.

Nae
'

teng

Choo

Choo
ones.

kip choo

^

^fr

^^
seung.

'""^ '^"^

f r It
Ke
jS sd

Dead

grain.

An

expletive, an auxiliary
;

word

all

every one

a surname.

Choo hoe

gS
choo

'fte

a prince of the Empire.

kap siy te^d, great pans and small

soo hoe,

che k€

cheang

"Sl.

See the

Chew

cheats

k'hw''tl
it

choo

chdy liy,

ke

e

dy

cKhew
at this

Choo

chS6"S,

would be as easy as looking
)

Hair on the upper

lip;

mustachios.
(

said Confucius,

pointing to his hand.
lun.

See

the

~p gW Seang
Ifing

Choo hoe

cheen jin

6 t'heen choo
''""'
.

Choo

Corn collected together

j^
pire

^to

^AT^^
J

gw
Em-

'"'^

^^ "'

chein lang hoe hong tiy, the princes of the

may

introduce a person to the Emperor.

Choo

Te choo

L&

ged, a spider.

See the "TV

Hay

beng.

Also

^

a dou-

ble surname.

Choo

Hard

skin on the hands and feet.

Cho&

Choo

m

^
Choo

Vulg. ke"a

:

a son, a child; a

title

of respect, a philosopher.

Se bin

choo

lafi

^ ^ ^ ^^

Pdyh sai"S

t^^f^ Gim
rain

choo
;

VK

ch'hin cheo"^ ke"d lai, the people

came forward
Seang beng.

'i&

,

a long incessant
just like children.
river.

also the

name of a

See the J^.

^

sun suy ge, keng se put k'ho put t'hok

CHOO
Iceng cVhtiyh a"*

153
and
is

CHOO
found of
literary

men,

may be

called

sun, suy gaS,

fhang

hu Vhak,

an intelligent prince.

though

children

and grand children are dull,
classics.

Choo

teiing sin

^t W^ igj
See the

'e2ft

leung sin cho

they must not neglect reading the

yaou kin, consider fidelity and sincerity as of the
=3l
highest importance.
[-'

Choo put ge kwae,

lek,

Iwan, sin

^^ ^K

gw

Seang

lun.
ta-

T^

y]

pjl
lat,

jliffl

hoo choo bi kong, koo kwae,
IwSn,
sin

Sin choo pad
blet,

jiffl


it

twl,

the ancestorial
^

k'hwiii/

hwAn

bing,

Confucius

near

which

is

supposed

the spirit' of

never spoke

of strange things,

violent deeds,

the deceased settles.

disorderly matters, and spiritual subjects.

See

'"^

1^ PP

LQn

Water
g6.

flowing to one

part,

to setJ

Choo
To
bear,

y

to sustain,

to

overcome.

Choo

Choo

scy

^ ^^^
anything


sin

tle,

to fix.

Choo

e

y^

K3

fettled

intention.

Choo k"h4n

\^ ^^

^

carefully.

fixed look.

Cheng
Vulg.
a:

kwan choo, put
se

te giiey
Tffl

boo ch"hod
\g^

diminutive
goo
a, a

as,

nae

t'hok

chc

hwat

xS

Choi)

Gu6w choo it
cow, a
calf.

^i

/f\

'jX

young
Kin

To

stop: also read che.

kwin

choi, hd ti chaou te

gwa

bin &y soo hoo,

The

ancient from of the choo

Cho6
racter.

i^,

cha-

chttf Xiy

chew

$e t'hak eh'hii/k

Ag hwat, to keep

the

spirits

settled

and

the

mind

intent,
•,

not
is

galloping after

outward engagements

thi<

To

throw up earth
;

on the root of

the rule to be observed in study.

Choo

the corn

also ivritten jSX choo.

To
The name
of a tree, said to be the
the
,

stick to stab,
|U|]

to

thrust in

;

also

Choo
fl
into

written

choo.

Bok

kani rhoo

Choo
KeSou choo

kinc of jJt iSl

trees.

Choo

t'han

jIm kong che hok
-111

tijung

^i

TOr

sandal wood.

^^ZM^
tot,
I

•^'" *"''•'*"

'" '^

""'^

-^

j^^

,

an appellation signifying

li dj/

pak

do nut dare to thrust a weap-

father and son.

on

your

holly.

A
Choo

mark, to know

when we are

to

Disordcly unrestrained loose, wantun

^

slop; a

dol, a spot.

Teng tcung
'*

h°6 cho6
«"«• hoi!/ feint,

'^

»t*
fire

^C
io

""^

Choo

8ciig

6ng put chok, choo hoe hong

'""^

a spark of

the lamp.

^
^
Choo

iil>i }

"a 6ng bu k'hi, choo hoc lam

mm, when

Choo

±
choo j^}
feast.

A

master, a lord

;

also to rest in, to

do not holy sovereigns

arise, the princes of the

consider as most important.

ChQa
Lofi

Empire become

disorderly.
to Steep in water.

choo

|j]Q[

^

a ship-caplain.

4^
jc

" superintcndant

of a religious

Pin choo

^^,^
hi
e.

g"est. »«<• host.

W sl^
'

%,
'^

Tojoak;
choo

Cheem

^ ^^
flesh,

t"
,

soak gradually

Ae

bin

h"6 soo, k'ho

wuy

bC-ng

choo

e

^s^
Choo

through.

pUt/h sai"S ji hii"a

t'hak

cKhayh

lang, I'hang

Sliced

minced meat.

kong

se

bhig choo

he who loves the people

CHOO
Cho6

I54r:

CHOO

^ ^m^Sti
sod se,

%^

^

To

interpret, to

comment on
se

;

a com-

mentary.

Sod

choo he chip choo

Choo

^S^ ^ ^ S ^ K^\M
ck'hddu
b/ih,

% *^

Rotten

flesh.

Ye6m
.

lok

bafi

choo
lai

^^^'"

"0-0

kwut

to bury old bones and
flesh.

choo

bAn kong

chip

choo

yea,

on the

put under ground rotten
Kind,

four books, choo-he compiled a commentary.
affectionate,

soft
6

and

mild.

ChoO

Wfly jin hoo, ch6o

cho6

'&

Choo

A worm

that eats wood.

^^mJ^

^ 3^
b'ak.

^

ir>'

^,
is

'

'^''"

'^"^ "* "^""^
is

pay, yaou kin Iwu

te choo, for

one who

a father,

To

Choo

fly

upwards,

to

mount up

in

flying.

^M
-4^1

the most important thing

kindness.

See the

Ta5

Choo Choo
Timely
rain, fertilizing showers.

Log choo neaou ms, ^M, B. jmrj «tS3 (Vt5J

j

loi
'

s6

chedou, a kind of cormorant.

Choo sek }0^
I
'

^

heep cheSh, a load-

"fc^
"-»r.^

To

melt, to cast metal.
Sif-

Choo ch'heng
J6 kim

Choo

stone, a magnet.

ChoO sek yin cheera

Choo

^s,

to cast cannon.

^^plt"
k'ho jlp

chac yi-ayttng chod, ban leang kae

Vheih the loadstone draws the steel.

^

hwan^^p
P]"

^:^>^f^^,%^
Icim

yV

$11

J

'*'*'" cheo"S

twa

ie

t/ed

Choo

A

hard sort of earthenware.

yeo"S choo, ch&^a ban i/eu"S ling t'hang jip hwdn,
in just like the metal melting in the foundry,

ten thousand forms the mould.

it

can be introduced in to
J

Cho&

Rice cakes ; a kind of confectionary,
also written

jcA cho6.

A
Choo

horse with his feet entangled

;

to

Thatching, a thatched cottage.

Geaou

/rv%

tie

4Pf£
...i^

up a horse.

ChoO

Excessive, extreme, over and above.

^:
-

wQy

I'heen

choo

si,

m^ou chod
.

•>- •'^

^ :^ ^ ^ Bf ^
st,

^fc

-i-^

Tu^ Choo yT^^^-

K'haou g4n, leng sek, choo keung,
cho k'hew bSng
t'he che

B^

,

gedou cho hong ley dy

woo

hii'"

a ch'hob Choi dy kay,

when GeSou was Emperor,

J^

"=*

•^
Choo

and earthen steps. they had thatched cottages,

wa, ha dy bin sek,

kiiey

Chain dy kSung, cho k'hew

bing sedou

Uy

e,

artful words, a

smooth count-

enance, and excessive respect, were what Cho-

m
vi'An

The

noise

made

in calling fowls.

k'hew-b6ng was ashamed

of.

Self, one's-self;

from.

Choo ke

Choo Choo
To
collect, to a accumulate.

P
t6ng ch'he jin

|^

ka

te,

one's-self, a near relation.

T'hae kap choo wan choo gnae, e

ch'heen^e
te

'X

f^

^

i^^,

^

Choo

Chad choo

'*

^

money, wealth.

ka

te

gnae, twa

l&ng ch'ht jin

pw^a kaou

ge,

T'hae-kap vexed himself and reformed himself

CHUT^^
at

155
in

CHUN
Ceremonies observed

T6ng, where he dwelt
to

benevolence,,

and

reraoTed

righteousness.

See

the

jH ^^

Seong

se.
jfl

Chun

when drinking

wine

in

a village.

Hwftn soo choo gno

cbok,

ek choo gno j6
Lofty honourable, noble.

Chun
to

keng.

JkT

hwdn

soo ch'eUng

gwa ji

chd yea. duiAng

gwd

Chun

IS
tSng

to

honour,

respect.

ji sew jip, every thing rest* with one's self to

T'heen chun tey pe, k'he6n k'hwun

commence and with

one'i-self to complete.

^XM^^^'^'l^'^^'
and the earth low,

'"^^^

ktcdn tey kay,
is

k'heen k'hwun te"a teSh, the heaven

lofty

and thus the two

A. small mouth.

great principles of nature are fixed.

Read chwan

:

a brick,, a

tile.

Oe
j

Soo bin y6w hoo che chun, yew bo6 che iefin hoe k'ho 6 wQy bin hoo boe

ch'hin,

^K^
pay
aou Chang
the

chd chok chwan

j^^ ^pJM
bricks.

oe ch& lyhi I'h&ou chd chiil"^,

Oe-

^j

.K.

5C Pf

'

'"^ P^.y* »«i"^ "'oo neo"^
J'ein

cho was the

first

who made
:

dy chun, woo neu"^ ley dy ch'hin,
chd piyh

saVS dy pay

boi,

in

employing

|«J.^

Read chwan

to perforate anything

people,

if

one maintain the dignity of a father

^

3^J^
it

Chwin che
na
kBen

U

keen

and the aQcclion of a mother, then may he be

|g "^ 5^
more

chui"^ e

koi,

the the

we
I

considered the parent of the people.

penetrate into the
netrable appears.

doctrine

more

irape-

Chun

A

wooden

vessel

;

a bottle made of

An

awl, a gimlet,

Ltiuk

wood.

chw^n

^ 1^^
A
To

lak chui''S, a bote.

An

earthen vessel, in the shape of a
116 c

kind of

mud

fish

;."

with red eye*.

Chun
I,

bottle.

wuy kwun, tenng

le

creep into the mud.

yitchunfSI^Jr;.g-^rfl|g.-an chui'd ey wity kwun, hay leung
shall I
It

chit

dy chun, bow

comfort you, Sir!

But by

Read chwin:

the whole.

Chfy chw4n

Climbs

^ —
J
I

in the midst of the villa^. setting down a bottle

/5^ —L-*

y

chea6u chui"S, complete,
-

entire.

> -^ To
rijgl
l

follow, to obey, to learn.

Chun

Ch'hoo hwuy ban chwan, che bo6

'^'^Wk'
this is

'^^^^

"^ ""

'^

^|^ |^ *"" cAtfu?"*^ dy boi,
1^]^

Chun

"^

seen 6ng che hwat j6 ko

chea, be

^^,
yea,

che ydw

yiia

§,

^ ^ Z j^moo chiy
l(y

not a perfectly secure plan.
hwal, je woo
kiit^y
sit

dy, biieg

soo

Read chwati
I

:

to suck.
leng,

Chwan j6
to

to fuJIow
still

the

rules of the ancient
is

kings

^1

chui"S
^

suck

and

to be in an error,

impossiUe.

Sec

milk.

A
Chui^S

place where the

hair turns or

Chun
hair.

curls

on the head} loag

'^^^ 111 Y-"^

'^'^^^

appearance of

hills,

CHUN
Chun
Ite

156
to sU cross legged

CHUN
To
hold to,

Chun

^ 5^^

;

Chun

chat

f^ '^

*"
,

JAg "^^
Chun
^I ^7^t
I*

|-~|

to sit in a
sit

reclining,

posture.

To

Chun

hold to economical rules.

Kwun
t'hiiy

in an unceremonious manner.

choo keung keng chun chat,
bfing

16y

Sincerity of mind.
sincere virtue.

Chun

tek

|^ /^^,

j:eangj

1^ IS y\
chat,

0)1 lui

^ ^ ^ ^ ^ cMm
*'"""
'^^00

||J^

keung keng,
soi, the

Vhty n'eo"^ Ung, 6 bing Ity
is

good
in

Chun

^
m.
Vf^i % t_

man
Anything beginning to grow
difficult.
;

raspectful,

economical and yielding

thick

;

girder to

illustrate the rules of propriety.

Even; a
Chi'in

rule,

a pattern; to adjust.

Chun sob

'J^

^^ a carpenter's line.
key chekwuj

Chun

Earnest and sincere.

Ke

kijet'bok lek yeen,

Chun

K^^ Chun
fin
;

sek

^^

laid
,

up

in a cof-

dark like a long night.

~tj
lal

il]

^ 1^
swa

1^'^

.. keet ch'in bak chew
soh,

.

l

ay kliwuy

siio

kwuy ki chAn
tit,

&

chb si kak,

Chun

^
Jeng

Tpt-^F*
e,

^

To

instruct repeatedly.

Chun chun

ei"S,

pafS kwa
powers

having carried to the utensil
the ancie«ts

jc6n bSng che hoE

-y

^

^ f| .^ ^
kong, je

the

of vision

added the

teAns

holi
it

heng

compass and Tule, and carpenter's
to

line ia order

how

repeatedly

was

inculcated and

make

things

square,

and

round, level and

enjoined.

straight.

See

^

131 Beng choo.
to

To

Chun

instruct any one personally-;

to

Respectful
repeat a caution.

;

respect,

numerous,

Chun
an acxespect-

collect together.
•^l"'"

KiJung keng je

To

collect

words together;

^

ilfiln

If ,t°

honor and

Chun

cumulation of expressions ; also read
chiin.

Chun Chun
tMJ^s|
The name of a
fish
;

The name of

a

bird of prey.

also read chun.

A very

swift bird, the
is

name of a
flight.

bird

^_*
Chun
^jrM%
Ic'hi

Cold and shivering, to tremble with
cold.

Chun
hoe che

that

rapid in
tin,

its

Teiing

H4n

to geet ch'he chit

^

ne chae
^l|
tfing

yew chun

chip e tin

jlf'

j^*

^ B- W P' ft T
&t/

chun, to be cold

till

the teeth chatter.

v^fc^ To

allow, to grant.
to permit.

M'un chun j^
chiin
(>i^"

thUn cheaou chip
fucius was

te

tin hoi

te"a,

when Con-

Chun

i/

tt

J-ffi ,

T'heen choo
'^""S

in the tin

country, there was a flock

choe
chabu, the

^ "y,^ ^,

%

of swift birds collected on the Hall of the prince
of Tin,

Emperor granted

the request.

Chun

To

diminish, to cut

off.

Chun

"TjLpil

A

kind of petticoat

;

also to

honour.

CHUN
^S"

157

CHUN

^ *

A man
kiiet
;

of superior wisdom and talent;

Chun J\^A^

""^ eminent for wisdom,

Chun

Chun

1^^^
ary talent

^

Yv-

^ "'3" "f extraordin-

to a conclusion.

m
^

To
u

be finished, to be concluded.

Soo
s«S 6

wan

ohiln

^i M^

-tT-

^S
is

u-dn ledou,

the business

brought

a hero.
t'heen ha.y

Chun kcet chae wuy, chek
kae wkt, jC gw4n
lip

che soo
ffi

6

ke teaou

^ ^
su-

J^^ Deep

;

to deepen

;

to dtg a welldeeper.

Chun

^/A^
J&;

Soo chun cheng, ch'hut, cheiing je

^ J^
ffiee"^

ftB

cAun kHl Ay Idng thai wuy, chek
fdiig

l/^ y
^

yeemche|^y^^ajj^]fn
chedng
to di<;
his ese,

sue e k'hwul chai"S, kabu cKhut,

ay &y t'hak ch'hSyh
lip
le

chd poi hw"a hi

aou je yiem
a,

they ordtrcd' him

(Sim)

ji

gwdn

t
is

&y

ledou,

when a man of
throne,

well

deeper, and

when he had made

perior

talent

on

the

then

all

the

cape sideways, they proceeded to cover him with
earth; (thinking that he was
still

learned

men

in the

Empire

will be pleased,

and

in

the well).

will desire to stand

in his court.

See the
strange; won-

"H

'^ Hay

beng.

Soperior; to overcome

;

To

retire,,to hesitate, to

be undecided

;.

Chun
til

derful

;

the same as the above.

Tek
,

Chun
teoh ye"d,

wilt

k'hek,
;j:1|:

^p^

Chun

^^^
ke"d
.

>^»*

al so

read chDn.

Chdn'sOin wiry scuk

itJ^

-PC

IS

^**» '""'

**"-»

"i

kong ked

Ic'hek,

to obUin. a victory

k'he, tviiy t'hey,

to hesitate, going

backwards

is

called

overcoming.

and forwards, fearing and reticing.

Chun

The same

as

^

V V» To
chiin.

dig anything deeper: to deepen
in

vl.

Chun
Chiin
*«'•'«'•

"^

yj^^ II tj

ditch,

order to

let

the water tlow.

Chiin k'hi-en kiiey ke ch'hwan
^

j^

Chun

m^
.^C
LG bou

>^

Lofty, high jalso stern, urgent.

t^ i^ SE

**»««'

ch'him

ill

cKMn

kaou,

kk

e I'heen

M

i^\^^%,

ch'hbng twd chiiy ch'hui''S, to deepen the ditches
in the fields and enlarge the streams.

kaoit CheiP^,

high as the heavens.

wfty

gcdm
chii

chiin

'^%^3iM.^%'
an officer should

chd ku>"a bou

An
CbCin

g'eim chiin,

officer

whose business

it

was to
chiin

study ta be stern and urgent.

I#
for.

encourage husbandry.
che h«

Tcia
*

A

fc.

Lofty, long,

im[>cnding, dangerous.

IB

J^

^

-§•
hi,

k'hwuiiS
the officer

chd ch'hiln dy chtin

ktv"a

hw^a

Chun

Jl^. r^l

San gam ko chun
aui^a gdm.

]^'^l'^^,
and

kwAm

chiin, the hills

encouraging agriculture was greatly pleased.
after
is

caverns, are lofty and dangerous.

• >j^ The remains

eating; the surplus
left.

Chun
Chun

1>(?

of food, what

JSou k'heuni;
chijen

•^ tJ^

\^S^
Wise, prudent.

hck

chiin e,

koe put 6

i^
cunning
rabbit;
also

k'hedng kS"a hek thei. si

# #. ik ^ ^2 S,>
habu,

^

^/ft

'*"*

^i'

""^^

cheilh tin dy,
(

eh'ea u"'

an animal

*"<{ lai lest it

when food

is

presented

),

fearing
it

Chun

much be

that cats tygers

and leopards.

the leavings (of the prince)

should therefore not be offered to the gods.—
8

*

CHlJfN

158
Bok 6ng
sgng pat

CHUT
ships and paper

A large fiae horse.
Chiin
chun

men

;

meaning that the

ships of

ma

yfiw pijen t'heen

hay

^S

the one country are

weak and
it is

the

men

robust,

while in the other country
bole

just the reverse.

6ng

WhU
iy,

piti/h chiln

bay, fhit Vhd p'iin

mw"d

fhee"S

Bok-ong mounted on

the eighth

Chun
Jfc.

To

the whole excellent horse travelled throughout

bore through, to perforate.

Empire.
^

*

-.^

Vul". chui"S: to wind thraugh
'""''

the

A.
r%

_

A

soldier,

a private
:

soldier;

done,

Chun "ffl^B
wjf-3r»
fish

^^

'^''""

^'^ "^
j'ip

M. t^

A

Chut

JK

hi chu/'S
^

nw"u

fhoe, the

"

^^r%
I

finished, at the end

suddenly.

Goe

k'he wfly cheang, e peng chuttong

.-elided into the

mud.

.h'himsit^i&^i)lt..^^^l0]^
-^
goe
Ic'lii

ehb clieilng,

leap

peng chut

liing

Chxin

Bt

To

look and

stare at.

k'hwkn cheSh, Gofi-k'he was a general who slept

and

ate with

his soldiers.

Chun

m

servation. Siin

A

ditch of water.; a dyke.

Sdy chun

Ch'hong chut

•^

^

,

busy, having no leisure.

'J^jjll

chuy chAn, an aqueduct.

Chat

A

body of a hundred men.

^&% To

cut,

to

engrave.

Also

written

Chun
Chut

The

ancient form of

2S

chut,

also

written

3p

chut.

Chun

#
Ung

To
to

remain in existence, preserve, to
retain.

/j^ , and preenquire after one's health

K6

chfln

^

to

Chut

J»jl jT To hold, to «/l—I the head.

seize

by

the

hair

of

^

fheen

chija

chiin,

gek t'heen
^

chi;&

bong

Chut

Anything

in a

cave; about to rush

)i
iy

^ ^- #. M ^ 1 1

''-

'"''"'

out of a cave.

he chdn, gek t'hee"S &y Idng bdng,

who
""

of heaven will be precomplies with the dictates
served,

»

"-

A

lofty

and

dangerous
t"
i

hill.

Chut

bathe who disobeges hikven

will perish.

Chilt

S*t^

peng

^^

precipitate.

The hands
CliCui
rassed.

held,

restricted,

embar-

Pek chut

Chut
a vessel, ship, a boat,
t'btJet jin,

^^
at,

a kind
,

of medi-

cine.

Chun

^
•^

Read cK'hwAn: a

'^^— Teong kok
h6 Ian

che ch'hwAn

To
Chvit

langh

to ridicule; to inform,'

t'hi-et

ch'hwan che jin

to announce.

GoS ong hwin choo
se

Fp

U^

iiu"a

chwd chun Vhcih Mng,

ho

Ian

Vhe^h

1^ /-^

^ ^ 1^ •^
sin se,

hwat chCy chut sim
.

^ ^E

jlS

'"'•^» <:f'0" '"^'«' ffo^ <>"g

have paper ships chAn chwd ling, in China they
ctnd iron men,

chiykok ch'heo

when the king oftheG*«

but in Europe they

have iron

the Ch6y country relumed from fighting against

CHUY
country, he laughed at Sin-se (because he had
dissuaded

159

CHUY
A
small kind of

chesnut

;

also read

Cliut

#
%
I
_

him from going).

Chuy
^

chin.

San yew chuy,

sip

yew Igng

Chut be
of rice.

fctf

-^

a glutinous

kind
lat
(7,

sip

ley

wou
in

l^ngy

in

the

hilly

parts are

chesnut

and

the

damp grounds

are rushes.

The

capital

of a pillar; to insert

in
j

Oiut

*

a hollow space.
a blunt

Chut gwut *2> i/T
of
timber
i

Chuy

Kaou chuv

^ Xis

ka chuy, a dove.

piece

without

branches, to insert in any hollow space.

^
^^Tl^^
a fowl's beaks to suck, to peck
to
,
;

also

To

rub to grind.

Chut k'he

ilf(

^

know.

to rub out.

An

Vulg. cVhiy: the mouth, a beak.
awl, anything pointed.

Chuy

to

che

bwat,

cheang chin ch'hc

che

%
Chiiy

Read suy
^"y

:

water; a surname.
)

Chw&n

clieem to iff

biiijf,

cheang chhi

Chltyli e,
( 1.

even to

*y|v
>^

^^

n^ '^
I'hofi

cAii'"<! chtiy,

a fountain

of water.

the point of a knife or an awl

e.

the roinuteit

thing)

all

will
lip

be taken from them.
tey,

WOy
t'heen hay

yew gw4n

hwat suy

la*

'W'-^lK*
chiiy
liv-

Sun boo

chuy che

e

yew

^j
laf^

-jt-

VV 3^

Kiiy Koi gwin t'haSu wth

only from the fouDtain head, doeK the
,

ing Mrater come.
Ic'hea

cheem iy tiy i woo t'hee"^ hag,

Suu had

not so

much ground

as to «el

up

a

bodkin on,

To
Chiiy

be drunk.

and yet he obtained the Empire.

drank with
vim,

Ch£w cbuy J!^^ wine. Teem yeiiiu yea
bofl

^

Chuv

m
hat k'hi^S

An

iron bar, a

crow bar

;

ako

to beat.

put chuy

kwuy |H^

fj^

Choo hae sew soo
chuy,

sip

kin flieet

chuy

sat

chin

p'he

^^
ling
ii/

^'^'^W^^Wi, cheih M
ho
IcaoH
rhity,

"'""
hiiyh

'**"'' ""''""
too/"*^,

""''

getting
will

enough

to drink

of an

ev^ping,

men

n^of

le

ch'hiw v!ui''S ,t rhap

return before they are
kiti

intoxicated.

t'heih chuy, btHyk

chuy I'hai chin p'hi, choo-hae

kept

in

his sleeve
in

an iron bar of forty pounds
to

Chuy

riH^ll

Head

sut

:

to cnt

up,

to cut

ofl'.

weight,

order

beat to

death chin-p'he,

See the

C^ |^

So6-ke.

Chuy
Chuy
Great,
large.

Xo

collect

together.

o

he sorrowful,

to

be

distrcsod.

The

fleshy

Cliuv
also fat;

part

of

a bird's

tail

;

Chfn

Oan

sck cheflou
,

cbQy

^ f^
down

f tt

and a bare bone.

Wx

the countenance cast

with

CHWA
Lew
hijang

160
ha'o

GHW^A
Read sda

k6w

t'han

koe pok

che cheaou

Chua
laoA

hUng
Ay

kaau ay

tVid

kltuuy k'hw"il cWhia

4fe
_,

:

a snake

hoo

cheaiu chuy,

Laou-heang sighed nine

A.

path

between
«^hwa

the

paddy

fields.

times,

on observing the

distress of the cliarioteer.

Chwa
Cbijaou chuy e

Distressed, pained.

Q^^ .^>^W
^Jt
tIk VZ\ ifr
.

^^"S
all

fj%^,cheH
Chew

chwa.,

in

a row.
to swear.

Chuy
tressed

geik

Cheng

f^^^f^^M'
jiii

Read

se

:

se •??

^
le

ch'eAou chuy t

giAk Ay

r.heng,

dis-

Chwa

chew chwd, to take an
soo yeak ek wit se
la po

oath..

Liim

by an oppressive governweut.
the dangerous

^ ^ ^A ^^
private

ChQy ^^2CS%

^y^

cha boe sae k'h'ea sea yeak,

Collected

tog<ther

;

appearance of

hills,

yea kong chwa, men and

women making

engagements together, may

also be called swear

Jgf]>^
Chuy

Distressed,

grieved

;

the

same

as

ing.

#
A?^y^

Read

chiien

:

to boil.
l&y,

Chgeu tSy
to
boil
Ifiy

chw^a
very small.

tea.

ChOy

K'bipsily cheen t4y je6n
(

chi-aou

Chuy
Head suy
:

f^,

a small country.

- iKii
chw'^a tdy,

% ^- '1 # ^^ %
seo
liy
in

""'""' """'

ch'hd

ch'eti

kwwL"S cKhdyh,

who, what, which, whose.
^

draw some water
set fire to

order to boil the lea, and

Chuy

Se suy

J^ III
siiy,

che chuy,

who

is it

.'

the lOg, in order ta throw light

on

Choo wuy

wat, wfly ^gOng

y6w

the book..

^^-^
kong, se teong

Read ch^n> a cup, a drinking
also written

vessel;

yim, who

are you

Sir

?

He
,

«

/

%p^*

cban

T§ chw"d.

answered, I

am Teung-ycw.

^
^''^
'"''"•''

Chan ch'heng tjy

— ^ ]^ '^

YU
,

S5 suy che ko
Ay kSiy
sit,

^^f^'i^^M'
is

chit

chw"d ch'heng

tAj/,

3 cup of good tea.
:

whose fault

it

?

Head chin

to praise.

Chok cban
make an

Read che
sin chwd,

:

paper.
letter

Sin ch6

|=

^,

-ffe
I

r

iS

R«^

chd

chw"d, to

paper

;

also written

oration, in one's praise.

@
Ho5
chok
feff-

ch6.

Read chwin
IQn
ch'hd

:

a fountain.

Suy chwiin

ban,

ch'hae

poe to ch'haon

che

'^]%W
chd
)

ft t*

^#
tore

-J^

-^

'^'"'3'

chw''d, a fountain of

hoe hitn t'eaou

ley.

ch'hwd

lAn ch'ho poi

^^;

fP
dy-

water, sek Jin chfte cli'heng chw^n
I'bi-en kin gwatk'hwut

siiang, to

fhong

p-hah ch'haou

chwd, in the letter;
ch'hwa-lfin

Han

nasty

(

A. D. 850
small,
in

cloth and

\ -^ y^ ^ ^ J^^
I'hong
is

beat

it

order to

make

paper.

chedh ling, e Ay

to

By

kabu Vhea^S

/,/„

Water

falling

from a high place;

gofyh kliwut,

the

man

humbly seated on a
his.

Chwa

stone by the side of the pure fountain, but

a cataract.

system of dqctrine

is

lofty

enough to penetrate

CHWAH
to the root of Heaveo,

161f
the

CHW4N,
Chpe ch'hae ^6;
to sljp a;^idc.

and to
.

cavern of

chaou

clfwdliy.

to sprain.

the moon.

.

^^^P%

Eraliers.
**'<*J'

H"6

Ifiw

chan

Chw^d ^^'j^'

'"^

cAw"'«.
fire.

>f^ ^iwre are

^ ^^
still

..»:-'

To

be givjen ,up to Ofie thing

;

to be

Ghwan
-Ai

^\'
^ Yj'

C^
~VJ
a niind
to anything.

tent on anything; to engross whol'j:

in
J

embers the

Hno kaou chan
a
sraajl
fire

lEbwan

s^ip

Jle

che

H[ j^jk

^
up

4S iS
chimney.

-3S'

hvit/

ka cbw"i,

or

bcn,t

on, ^nd

the will given

See
long

Read ch4n
"^ food.

:

an overplus, a rerantant
ChSji poey e leng
chija.

~p*^

Hay

beng.

Han bwat

tok chwan kwJln seen peng

rhw^^d XJ"^*^

boiy, tang tSh

chwan kwdn gfm

pai"^,.

in

the

hap leng

bOli,.

an odd cup

of drink, and some

latter

part

of the
the

Han

dynasty.

Tang-toh
on the

cold roasted meat.

Chw^^d

to sprinkle -one's life's

m
I*
bit/
e,

engrossed

authority,

and seized

Read cheen

:

to sprinkle.

E' keng

ceins of government.

heetcheenjlnJ5[^jfiLt|A,
'**''
'''''

G^

i& h^o choo yOng, chiien j6 h''6 choo chwan

ff^^^^X

'fiitin

a hoij/h chH)''u ling,
jt ai ka
te yiing,

blood on a person.
cheap, easily procur-

hay cheen j& ai choo chwan,

Read cheen:

the stupid like to get themselves into employ-

Chw'

n.

able.

Be cheen
is

^

|||,

*^ c1iui"a,

ment, and the mean like to have every thing
their

j^\^^^

*hc rice

own w»y.

See the

llj
F.J?'

cheap.

Teung

yAng,.

Cheen chek ma6 che,

kwuy. chok put

k'hd

Chwan
kuii^ chivo
if

The name

of

a.

water plant.

n™

fhang,.

if it

is

cheap,

buy

it,

dcar^ refrain.

Chwaa jW^fcf
Chwae
t'ho6

The name

of a large

fish.

to^

-figl

to slip down.

T'hap
I'haAu

chwae

^^
oa

||p^

mh

^l-|»

Vulg, cAuj"?' a brick

j

also written

ckwae,. to fall

one's head.

Chwan

%,D
4^^^

T^
To

chwan.

Wi. chwan

^^
to
set

Aeu chwi"S' bricks and
display,

tiles.

The mouth

full

of food i

to

commence,

Chwan
To
spout out

forth.

This character is used
letter writing,
it is said,

in

Suy chwiih chut

^
ban

modern
close of an epistle,

where

at the

ifn

Hj

water spilling or running

kin ch'ho6

chwaa
set

^ 1^ ^
The

'^'''*

'*

!it]

respectfully

forth for the information of such, a one,

&c.

Ka chwah

a cockroach.

whistling of birds,- the scream-

Chwan.
Read ch'hae
:

ing of

a parrot;
:

to turn; a sound.

to differ,^ to fall short.
•^iV

Chicah

Cheng ch'hae bdo kelo

afe

Vulg.. tooi"S

to

turn

round, to
to

M^^

^

Cheng chwih

bo

jwa

Chwan

return.

Wun

chwan yff Bra

chat/,

it

does not corac far short.

transports.

Kew

the be tek, te6n

S

K

CHWAN
chw4n

162

CHWAT
bubbling up, without cessalionj day or night.

hwan ch'hek
kiw e
bSei/
to

^ "^
tit,

^fe -f^

Jw
out

ffl||

pw^it

tooV^,

chwdn

See the ~1\

j^

Hay

beng.

tooC^,

yvw hwdn
he

tooi^S,

seeking her, withturns,

sureess,

turns

and

and turns

To

inform, to announce

;

to publish

;

again.

See the

^H
e cho
-in

Kok

hong.
6

Ch wan
che

also

a work, a business.

E

hoe

Han-an-kok,

chwan

ch'heuk

wfly

pe

sam choo chea che chwan

^ ;c H S ^ J^ i, ;^ Wi>
wan chwdn
vti'hek
leo'''S

''""''-'""'

H -^ ^ ;^ ^,
dy sey kh dy soo,

S -^
stated.

ASA ffcWS chiy 8"a Idng

ti,

H&n-an-kok
prepara-

my

views are very difFerents

transported 'grain,
tions.

order to

make

from what those three gentlemen have

Sew chwan

•j'^

i|^

to write a history.

Jim kwun ke Chae gwan, pek sew k'hin te chwan

Chwan

«7^f^

Yulg. chni^S
perforate
;

:

to hore through,

to

an awl, a bare.

kwun
kang

tiva
ti

le

Chai gwdn, pSyh t'haou mo

k'liiii

chwdn, Mr. Jim dwells at'Phaegwan,
his

and though

head

is

grey, he

is

still

busilly

3^
Chwan '^•'^

Vulg. chuf^: the whole complete,
fully
all

employed publishing works.

prepared,

to secure against

accidents.
;

WSn

chSn

^ ^^
The same
as the above.

ivdn thui"S, to complete

a surname.

Seng 6ng ke soo. Log

ctf^iut

ban chwan

^^^.^^ '^^,^ing
voo, e iff boe
ch'hut

^
To
eat and drink.

ing kej/ang

ban chufS, a philosophic
will pro-

Yew

chew soo

king

in

commencing an undertaking,
all

seen seng chwan

^ 1^ '^ ;^ ^
P""'"^
fioe sin

duce plans proof against
written

accidents.

Also

t^'^ ^^j
cheSk,

""''' '^''^"'

sa'"S
it

^^

chwan.

having

wine and

food,

to give

to

Chwan kwun hok but
kwun pak
thrown
lak se,

^ ^ M V^
vhole army

chwnfS
was over-

one's elders, to eat and drink.

See the

f' =&!

the

SiJang lun.

atid

annihilated!

%_

^

To

tranquillize a business, to

manage
to ex-

Ak chwan

Chwau

/^^the name

of an

Chwan S«^<^
fJT^vJi^

a matter to select words:
plain

ancient genins, in the time ef

i^

anything

;

to converse with

any one.

A

sacrificial

Chwan

animal,

perfect

and

Chwan

turn on

an

axis.

without blemisli.

Vulg.

chvP'd

:

a fountain. 'Suy
'''"^"^'

chwin

Chwan ^IJ^ _^^J^^
J^ Vl-

7K^^
of
water.

'^^^

^ fountain

*
Ch\vat

Gwan chwan
'f*

hwtin,

put

si;a

tew yea -te
'^'"^""

^

-^ ft 'R

^

*''''^"

'""""

^
|{j 'gn

The

small posts an the tops of beams.
ch'hae,
jljj

Chong bun teung ke
cheet cho chwat

san

U ^ ^ ^.
leUng ch'hung
te

^m ^^
koo

chong

bull

so

chae

hwiin bo Mff^h jit mai"^, a fountain

of water

hoe

tti'd

k'h'ed,

ueu wd sw^a

chat a,

ud

E
cMy
hills

163
Chong-bua-teung made
in,

E

ck'kttou te t'hedou a,

a place for a tortoise to dwell

and painted

Chwat

on thejoists, and water plants on the posts.

See the

J^ nW

Seang

lun.

flower Just budding forth

S

The

grass beginning

to

grow.
,

LSn
l&n

chwat ke g4y

^ "^ i^ ^
its

hwa

too

a ch'hut e &y guy, the I4n
leaves.

J.
Dull, not clever, unskilful.

Soo yew

To

cut off;

To

e-xterrainatci

strange;

Chwat

Hi
difficult

Ian e, jin

hwun k'haou chwat

^a

Chwat

supereminenl.

Chwat
.

tijilng

poe twan

i]>UU IS
Ic'hu

^^^
in

''"''> ''"^ PO^ '^y'

mod oh K'ltwae ling huun

tun,

things are both

to cut off the long,

order to

make up

for

and easy, men are sometimes clever, and

the short.

soractiraes anskilful.

Beet chwat JgC

^,

to exterminate, to annihilate.

E
E

r
ploughed

He, she,

it-,

an
*

expletive;
e.

a

surname.
6

Also written

E

yin keng

y^w

sin

E

cheya^^ftj^^;^-^;^if.
ti

e yin chSh ch'hin,

yiw

tin

&y ne^a yea,

W"
«m
chi
li

In,

upon,

at;

from-,
t
:

to dwell in;

an

expletive.
to,

Also read

a sarnarae.

CM
{ gay

ke 6

tck, e c jin,

yew

E-yin
tdi

in the wilderness of yew-sin.

chip tiw te tek,

Vh^H.t

jin.

Chit I'hd

%

Clothes; that which

is

worn on

the body.

fh6 cA'A^w^djr, have the will bent en learning, keep
a firm grasp of virtue,

E

j[^ ^
cheu^S

E

hok

-/^

BH,
soo

«"" A.'Aof> apparel.

E

follow the dictates of benefine arts.

0^^^

st-ang

chae

^ ^ ^ "^
in

'

^"

volence, and amuse yourself with the
'^•^

Sec

te aeons',

the clothes are

the box.

_h 1^

^'^*°s •""•

To

Sam
rest

le^n boA kae £

hoo che

and rely on; to follow, to comply.

{«; k'ho

wDy haou

e

E
jr. dictates of benevolence.

W^^

E^jin-^^
,

nin

*"a nei"S bu kiiy i neS"^ pay ay

l!i,

I'

t jin

to

comply

with

the

hang' king uoi

haoU

i,

for

three

years not to swerve from one's

E

^
iVi)^
ching
displeasure.

father's

way,

may

be called,

filfaf

piety.

See the

An

expression of sorrow, and pain.
6 seng ae,
||]|-

SHa

chfing chek he
e

wily e chek

choo hwae chin
'IS

4 ^. 1 1I.IJ 1
chelc hu;"a hi

>|f ||J

^|

.[A
'J'

*f. It,

''"^

E

sai"^ at, gel: ling iy i chek c

choo k'hi*'^ chin, complying with men's feelings, they

^
WA ^
"
lily,

T^e. sauu!

as.

the abyye.

are pleased and bear

good-will towards

one;

but

E

"^

crossing their views, they are pained, and conceive

E

7;^^ jj£
\\\

,

mud,

,

Ghhut c n« j«

put

*^''"''

il^ yJg.
I

ffil
16,

^^ M.ch-hu,
coming out
of

/e

me"u

hot ji bu

E

^

the ilimc and yet not

muddy.

$aid of the water-

To

return.

which grows

ip

marshy ground, and yet looki

so clean.

E
E
na'me of a river.

164

E
.

'V'1^* Th«

_

.

By, with:

to use,

to

do;

in order to.
chiiet che.,

E'

>^
Y/
the

^

Te ho

je ho, put e ley

ek

put k'ho heng

f^'^jj^

|p

jfp

fp;:^
c,

E

V»?^

To

groan.
jt cWheng ch'heng h6, bo Cho
lij/

loi chun chat

yea

bey ke^i, to

study harmony and nothing
it

elso, without

Ak

e

n|

a forced laugh; a strong

regulating

by propriety
Se-ang lun.

;

this

will

not do.

See

.

laugh.

± f^
1^.

Kwun

so6 sin e ley, sin soo

kwun
,

e

tcung

E

The name of

a wood.

E

fi.

g%

f!"

U :&

^^
sa,^in
a pVince

r'n

k.un

sin e ley, j'ln sin h'ok sae jin

kwun

e teung,

should employ his minister according to propfieff,

The

streaks on ripi)Ung waters also syno-

and a minister should serve
See the

his prince with fidelity.

niinous with

^

hey.

J^ fM Seang
ffi

lun.

Se ke sey e

^ ^ J^
^^

k'hw^a
,

i sey

chit,

E

«^
"al
w_^^ '^^

The waving

lippeardnce,

of a Bag;

also

observe what he does.

the appearance of fleeting clouds.

S6y e
eten

fijr

]^,

therefore.

E' did

W ^,

"ntil^.
'

to.

E' hoc

V]

e aou, afterwards.

^ An
E

exclamotion of admiration Ar regret.

ho

^]|^,
;

alas! alas!

E'

^^TjT^ E'

jgn T/'T'lll

the seeds of the e plant,

Y .J^

'"

sliaps 1"''^ peiHs.

A

healer

to

heal.

E

seng
e.

E

.^

lY^*

doctor; also written

^

^ 4^

,

a

Jin je boo

The appearance of walking alone
body bent.

;

the

-^\

boo e hSng, put k'ho e chok

^
Sim,

'la. >j^
u"*

^T

i^ 'f^

^ ^'
sae

^

j|g

'""^

''""'^

*^ ''^"^
if

thang hoe

e cho

kong

sin

saf^,

a

The name

of a

wood

;

also a surname.

man

has not a settled

mind,

he cannot become a

conjuror or a doctor.

Ke

e

E

JR ^S

the

name of a

stone,

like

"nS^" A
An

kind of water fowl.

a gem.

E

expletive; a particle; also to be, to

The name of
"g"
,

the
;

first

sovereign of the

hay dynasty

A

surname.

E' sew

do.
siin

jeing,
*
*6i£i

yew
s"".

t'heen hay

^ ^^

An

exclamation

of

one

wounded

or

^3
ay,

vfei'

'JC

"P

^y neo^S woo thee^^

E

to received what was yielded

him by sim and

obtained the Empire.

A

particle; in, at,

upon; more

fl-equenlly

read 6; a surname.

E'

The same

as

-^

e.

/

^
,

165
to

E
Vulg. hoe
:

^_
*

To

rely

on, to incline

one

side,

to

rain.

Lok

e

E'

X^Y
I

^ M I'll ^
fAfX-

^

lean againt.

E'

wa, to confide upon.
6

E'

^ ^^ Wk
f ^.
''*"

hoe,

Chae

&,

chek keen ke

6 h6ng yea

ll
bin Che e

to rain.

T'heen yfiw jeSn chok yin,
e,

p"hae je6n hay

chek beaflu put jeSn
g,J

(^ *^

fir

^'

"""
he

'^

^'''''''''

k'hw"a e tea

te

hw^d ch'M, when

was

in

Sf
the

'1^-

J^ .jlH m^ ^-

the carriage, he might be seen leaning on the cross
bar.

Z^

^^%
>

]^^ ^k ''^^"^ ^^^ •'^^"

*"''^"'

p'Aad je^n loh hoe, chek tew put jein hin k'hi

^,

when
and

See the ~V\
p'heen, boo

|ffi

Hay

liin.

Bo6
/2^

*,

ong to ch6ng
i<5
^

tit

^ jg ]£
til,

M^M
6ng &y
to

Heavens become

overspread with clouds,
then
the

send

down

plentiful showers,

corn sud-

jg;

p'hee"^

b6

ynd,

che^H

^he

royal

without partiality and without inclination, See the and straight. is correct

way

E'

^^
E

Seing
'

se.

^
^
-^mm^

denly springs up.

See the

J^ 'St

Siiang beng.

The

excess of weeping.

E' lo6

Ka«u6^|^,achair. E'na6u,j^
X^l
a stool.

M^

not straightened, crooked.
tofi

E' tea6u

^ ^,
teiik

a bench

E'
sit

E' chea soo che
a'"
tit

^S

ji^

W ^^ ^

,

iy long, tai

e aaoA gay,

crooked

To
fr...

drag along
lok,

on oue

side.
jfi

Chin
e che

people were set to sweep the ground.

E'

k6

16w

kwuy

5k

To

Stop, to finish, to

end

;

extreme.

J£ e

E
chin u'" kci"S e

'

1^^

3rt

Ay

lok, ladu

kwii/ kie"a ji

Whan

p^
i,

tis"a le''a,

that and nothing else.
hofl

e,

the Ch!n country lost their deer,

when L«w-kwuy

^^^
JP'
desist
liiHi

Bod

chek 6n^
to

M
if

2(. M'J
you
refer

3Z
you

swih chek Sng Ay

hoi,
I

will not

r^:
E"

((yer

took and dragged them along.

from your enquiries, then
royal way.

shall

v«r9

To

give,

to bestow

;

the sanie as

w

I 9

|^
rP

c.

to

the

See the

J-

^^

Seang

bcni:.

Boo
chiia,

fing

lae

lae

soo

hac sty sck c
"A^

T'heiing n6 put wfly c sin chea
"
"tt

^
boo

wQy seen jin se hod |f^
**<'

^

leung

nt

M
'

f»}» /g
k'hUh

iiiiyh

cho

/fN >^ iim iy soo,
to

Q

Confucius
6ng twa
te

did not

do
|n

anything that was

the

lae ti hoi, tin
k^hith

^"^

f''e«> tok

lok

extreme.

See the
jfi

^
fi^

Hay

beng.
tt"a',

ho dy ling li
gifts

poo,

Bo6-0ng bestowed great
.

Jc ch'hoo

icjl\\^^

(^

^, an niy le"a

on

all

within the fojir seas, but amongst tbc

thus and thus only.

largesses

he conferred, those to good people only
richest.

were the

See the

H ^ Chew
to walk

Vulg. hoe': te give, to bestow, to pro-

se.

E

JOT^

mise. also with,
k1i6 i bo6

together with.
e, e seang

K'ho
pj*

hwQy

To

walk awry

;

in succession.

a seo"S I'hang hoe Idng, woo si

n'*'

Chang hoe Idng

^|-1l* Hoo

e

E

"

^
;

"jg

the

name of a

plaotit the

hoo idng, teang yin hwuy,

soipetimcs

we think we

I

y

plantago

now
,

called ke cboSn

^h'ho

1^^

W^
Hoo
^

vu\

^

may
not,

give a thing, and sometimes

we think we may
genero«ily.

ch'hea ching ch'haou, the

when
[>

to

give would

be

excessive

grass before the carriage.

See the
^
•'•"''

3? Han

beng.
sS

Also written

J^

c.

>^
E

^

jJ^

°^ screen, placed

Wuy
Jb

gno e je yew
lok
t'ok

hoo

1^
8

before a door

or

window, to prevent
appartment.

gvid kap

U

u>oo

ffc ^J^ '^ 'i^ JE an niy iai"S hoo, you

^

persons looking into an
s

only and

I

are thus.

Sec the

J^

pj^

Bcipg

lun.

E
A
covering
a canopy;
J

166
to spread over

E
^J>t»

A

E ^|3I^
-J

E' tew

^ "^
J

5. the universe.

E'

lijey lijej

E

certain plant.

'E
lily.

jin

W1~

the seeds

fe j^

in the

world

E'

bfln^^

4\^

\

"P

of the water

a double surname.

'E pe

}

few, scarce.

E'

^VJR

Careful; to rely on.

A

dark

and

^^
E'

windy appearance

of the

Feathers.

E'

e'k

^^

^,

wings.
Ifing

E'

ra6

weather.
to death. Teng j* ^ To kill, to die, to put cheSn hoe kek che, chin e /flr—'^ pek ge jeung,

^A^y\
sit

put hong bwan chea put

ko hwuy

m&

bo

hong 7nw"d

cited,

chew

bey

kw&n

poey,
it is

E

-when wings and feathers are not rich and full, impossible to
fly

"B^
high.

teng pek gi jMng hwan, ching aou phSh

e,

chin si,

the prince of the
foreigners,

Teng country

attacked the Jeflng

and beat them before
all

and behind,

till

Hesitating, doubtful.

they were

dead.

See the
in

^^
sit

Cho twan.

Rice heated and

a state of fermentation.

The name of

a country.

E

Soo

e jS ae,

>k /^ J
Hoo
kind of screen.

{fS '^ poof'S jwkh t&m, ji k'keep, bo

put

^

|^

the rice was heated by fermentation bSiyh chedh, when

e -S?

a

and sour he would not eat

it.

See the _£2.

=m

Seang

lun.

_

Constant and
able,

fine,

permanent, good, ami-

E' hew
person
;

p^p^O

the groaning of a sick

^^J^

and virtuous,
^•^«

Gno
"^

kfiw e tek
'«*

internal sorrow.

^i^
)ia>^

|c

^ ^ ^'

^y

'«fr'

I

love amiable virtue.

An

intention.

*E soo

Che e

'^ "^j

design.

^ S, it w
.

thought.

Choo

e

h—* The
'VS.
"""

offspring of a pig

:

a young pig.

9\^J^
Seen s6ng
sing
sit

purpose.
•'S

e

-^ |^

iBl

^

,

'"^ ««"«" ch'hong

,

indolent; vulg, j/eit, tired, fatigued,

e dy i, first purify the intention.

See the

•j^

^

E/fjO
E

wearied.

Tae

hak.

A

kind of swallow.

Bok

te

k6ej6 "M.
*•'''•

^0

^ II i|

""
,

'^"^ ' '«

"•" of

knowing that

it

was such a kind

W
m

Clotted blood
mass.

;

blood coagulated into one

A

small swelling; aboil, a pustule.
t'hong,

Tan
k'hoe

•E

e chea

yim yeak

chea

An

exclamation intimating dissatisfaction

i iy t'he"cl cheih ySh dy k'hoi,

to

fillip

a boil

is

and discontent; a cry of pain.

IVQ?

drink medicine painful, and to

is bitter.

6
A
•E
quiver and case for holding a

167
bow and

^

arrows.

Peng put kae e

^ "^
e

fi2
a.

|^

,

E

peng m"* Chang t'haou

Ay

i,

soldier

must never take

off his quiver

and bow
at the

%
1^
^^
let
'

Profitable; advantage.

case.

In, at,

upon
6.

;

to go towards.

Also written

^^
'E
f'^'t
this is the

A

A
fiflal

particle, used
5

close of a

E

TJ

J

E

e ch'haS pin, Iftm kan che

sentence

an expletive.

KS

soo cbe

wuy

e

pin, i e ch'ha£ cho, € pe

h€ng

16

-^

meaning of
to,

it.

'"^

tA^ ban

pin, l&m

kan Ay piny
h6ng
16,

lai A'Ae

Teaou bun
bj*

sek so6 k'ho ^

A

^^^^ ^
mAi'"S hwui"^ si yea
to die.

ch'hai chiiy ch'haou, te

hwUh

liy

come and

mlti>"h chae

Che^a

to,

us gather the Pin vegetable, on the borders of

Chang, in the morning having heard the right doctrine,
in the evening

the

southern

shore;

come and

let

us gather

Ihe
JI?

we may by content

See the

water plants, in the running strearaes.

See

[^

Kok

hong.
I,

j»2»^ To

be satisfied, to be

full, to

be content;

^^
>|
tek hoe

myself.

T'heen seng tek 6

fi,

hwSn

tiiey

E ^rt'f^
k'hek

content.

Boo 3ng

k'hek yin chok e ko

R/v ^ i k; ^ #
i/'e"d

if^

^^

*-

""^

^ ^ -^
gwd, hwin
tiiiy e

fpj^

'1^""^ '""^

'A^J'

ify

yin

t'e&ou,

chb ^ 6y ko,

when Bo6-6ng

hvat gwd t"a mei"h tae wd.
degree of virtue upon nie,

Heaven has bestowed

this

conquered the Yin dynasty, he compo«ed the song
of content.

See the

^ |S Chew

and what can Uwftn-tii^y do to me.
St-ang
iQn,

See

h

g6.

To

At

cat to the fuJU to feast.

E
the

Even, equal.

Sore eyes: a

cataract in the eye;

A
eyes.

name of a medicine good for the

^^^ J^
and even.

Plain, and even.
J

Tae
It,

to sTm *

4^ 5^

—H
E

Hoe
,

seng j6 i yit bik

hing hoe tai"S, ji pal"*' cWl bak,

^ ^when 1^
jfj]

'"•«

to

chin chai pdl"S kap
is

the

k'hwie, the great doctrine

very plaid

of one eye. queen was born, she was blind

^
eat flesh.
I

To

clothe, to pat

on clethes.

L6 chc&

Tdng

e

,

a kind of insect.

dpeksitjcuk^^^^/^j^, the
laou Idng ch'hing poi pek cheUhbih,

Doe

C

old people would then be able to wear silks, and

1^ j^

^

a mother's,
sister;

sister.

Sey 6
a
con-

^XtIj
cubine.

* w'fe'»

also

To

rain, to rain

upon.

"E gno kong

tefin,

»|

sny kip gno soo
Jj? I/^^
I'sh

^ ^ ^ ^ M IX
gwd iy kong
dy, let
let it
it

GS

£
j||^

m,

the

name of a

bill,

towards

the riling sun.

hoe

ch'hdn,
first

suy kip kaou

gwd dy

sae k'hea

rain

upon our public
our private
field.

field,

and then

come upon

To

call

aloud; also to laugh.

See the

/K

^

Seaou gn4y.

i
%, To sit cross legged, to
sqiiat

163
on the ground.

t
l^^
i^^
To
praise, to applaud,

to give one

a good

E ffSK

Gwan jeang

g

so5

J^];^^\^,
k'ha teng haou,

name.
sfly
i,

Gog
j6

che

6 jin

yek

sfly

hwuy

|V^/VL» giein jedng p'htth k'wim Gw4n jeang sat cross legged waiting (for
Sec the
~f\

yew

sey 6 chiia,

k6 yew sey

Confucius).

|^ H5y

lun.

0r

yea, che ehvy
A.

# ^\ ^^ M Wi '^ ^, maf^
che chuy o
Id, Id,

s'-"^

^^ ""p '""^
€heo"S ^loo

cKMn

E

^
sh woo

I injself;

loose; also a surname.

Wuy
sty

6 put sin

yew

jS

k^aou

jit =|^

^

e

woo

sty ch'he, in

my
I

intercourse with

^>
am

people,

I
I

do not know
should
praise,

whom
but
if

should blame and
I
praise any,
it
i^

whom
ched"S bing
jit,

ch-hin

if

you say

that I

because they have
in the

been tried.
lun.

Said by confucius

not true,

I appeal to the bright sun.

See the

|^ J^

"^

^ Hay
An
a bird.

Kok

hong.

'

ornament for a

flag,

in the
•*

"When a
it is

field to is

cultivated for one year,

duipe of • ''**'

called

"^ chooj

and when
it is

it is culti-

vated for two years,

called

^
6

&•

A

precious gem.

t