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Math

Grade 3

Published by Spectrum®
an imprint of Carson-Dellosa Publishing
Greensboro, NC

Spectrum®
An imprint of Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC
P.O. Box 35665
Greensboro, NC 27425 USA
© 2015 Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of
this publication may be reproduced, stored, or distributed in any form or by any means (mechanically, electronically, recording, etc.) without the prior written consent of Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC. Spectrum® is an imprint of
Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC.
Printed in the USA • All rights reserved.

01-227147811

ISBN 978-1-4838-0871-0

Table of Contents  Grade 3
Chapter 1 Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
Chapter 1 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Lessons 1–10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7–16
Chapter 1 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Chapter 2 Adding and Subtracting 2 and 3-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
Chapter 2 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Lessons 1–7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21–34
Chapter 2 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

Chapter 3 Adding and Subtracting to 4-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
Chapter 3 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Lessons 1– 7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39–52
Chapter 3 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

Chapters 1–3 Mid-Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Chapter 4 Multiplication
Chapter 4 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Lessons 1–9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61–70
Chapter 4 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

Chapter 5 Division
Chapter 5 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Lessons 1–7 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75–85
Chapter 5 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86

3

Table of Contents,

continued

Chapter 6 Fractions
Chapter 6 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
Lessons 1–6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90–96
Chapter 6 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97

Chapter 7 Measurement
Chapter 7 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Lessons 1–9 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101–114
Chapter 7 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

Chapter 8 Time
Chapter 8 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
Lessons 1–2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118–120
Chapter 8 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

Chapter 9 Geometry
Chapter 9 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122
Lessons 1–4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123–126
Chapter 9 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127

Chapter 10 Preparing for Algebra
Chapter 10 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
Lessons 1–2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130–134
Chapter 10 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Chapters 1–10 Final Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Scoring Record for Posttests, Mid-Test, and Final Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Grade 3 Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144–159
4

NAME

Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers
(with renaming)
Add.

a

b

c

d

e

1.

2 3
1 1 9

1 7
1 5

3 7
1 4 2

1 1
1 7 5

8 1
1 9

2.

1 6
1 3

8 3
1 1 1

4 3
1 1 4

2 2
1 5 9

6 4
1 6

3.

3 0
1 2 3

7
1 2 5

9
1 3 6

1 8
1 2 5

9 3
1 2

1 3
1 8 6

7 5
3
1 1 6

1 3
3 3
1 7

4 0
5 1
1 2

1 5
2 7
1 4 6

a

b

c

d

e

5.

9 0
2 1 0

1 6
2 9

2 3
2 1 8

2 7
2 7

1 9
2 1 1

6.

5 7
2 1 6

8 4
2 2 3

1 6
2 1 1

2 5
2 5

6 2
2 1 9

7.

9 7
2 5 8

4 6
2 2 3

8 1
2 2 7

4 8
2 1 3

7 4
2 9

8.

3 2
2 2 4

7 3
2 1 2

6 5
2 3 0

7 0
2 2 0

2 3
2 8

4.

Subtract.

Spectrum Math
Grade 3 

Check What You Know
Chapter 1
5

CHAPTER 1 PRETEST

Check What You Know

CHAPTER 1 PRETEST

NAME

Check What You Know

SHOW YOUR WORK

Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit
Numbers (with renaming)
Solve each problem.
 9. The florist has 63 roses and carnations. If she has

27 roses, how many carnations does she have?

The florist has

She has

The florist has

9.

roses and carnations.
roses.
carnations.

10. Bly has 43 pennies, 13 dimes, and 16 nickels.

10.

How many coins does she have in all?

Bly has

pennies.

She has

dimes.

She has

nickels.

Bly has

coins in all.

11. There are 36 students in Cleveland’s class this

11.

year. If 22 are girls, how many boys are in
Cleveland’s class?

There are

students in Cleveland’s class.

There are

girls in his class.

There are

boys in his class.

12. The store has 53 cases of apples and oranges in

12.

the storeroom. If there are 28 cases of apples,
how many cases of oranges are there in the
storeroom?

There are
storeroom.

Spectrum Math
Grade 3 
6

cases of oranges in the
Check What You Know
Chapter 1

NAME

Lesson 1.1   Adding through 20
8-column
Addend
Find the 3-row.
Find the 8-column.

sum

The sum is named
where the 3-row and
the 8-column meet.

1 1

3-row

Addend

addend 3
addend 1 8

+

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10

2

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11

3

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12

4

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13

5

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14

6

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

7

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

8

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

9

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Add.
a

b

c

d

e

f

2
1 3

7
1 9

2
1 5

1
1 7

0
1 3

9
1 5

5
7
1 2

3
1 3

9
1 0

6
1 5

0
1 7

8
1 5

3.

4
1 3

2
1 9

7
1 7

5
1 6

5
1 9

0
1 6

4.

0
1 0

8
1 3

8
1 6

6
1 1

5
1 3

4
1 8

5.

5
1 2

3
1 1

2
1 4

8
1 2

8
1 8

3
1 6

6. 1 0

1 5
1 0

1 3
1 7

6
1 9

9
1 9

5
1 7

1.

2.

11 0

Spectrum Math
Grade 3

Chapter 1, Lesson 1
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
7

NAME

Lesson 1.2   Subtracting through 20
7-column

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

9 10

minuend
1 2
subtrahend 2 7

Find the 12 in
the 7-column.

1

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

2

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11

difference 5

The difference is the
number at the end
of the row.

3

3

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12

4

4

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13

5

5

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14

6

6

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15

7

7

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

8

8

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

9

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Subtract.
a

b

c

d

e

f

7
2 2

6
2 0

5
2 4

1 1
2 6

1 6
2 9

1 3
2 8

5
6
2 3

9
2 6

5
2 2

8
2 0

1 8
2 9

9
2 7

3.

7
2 2

3
2 0

8
2 2

7
2 4

1 0
2 3

9
2 2

4.

1 4
2 3

3
2 2

1 9
2 3

1 3
2 5

1 3
2 8

1 7
2 4

5.

1 2
2 5

6
2 4

1
2 0

1 2
2 3

1 0
2 6

1 1
2 5

6.

3
2 1

2 0
2 3

9
2 1

5
2 1

8
2 7

1 4
2 8

1.

2.

Spectrum Math
Grade 3
8

Chapter 1, Lesson 2
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)

NAME

Lesson 1.3   Adding 2-Digit Numbers (no renaming)
First, add the ones.
4 3
1 2 2

Then, add the tens.

4 3
1 2 2

4 3
1 2 2

addend
addend

5

6 5

sum

2 2
1 1 6

addend
addend

3 8

sum
First, add the ones.
Then, add the tens.

Add.
1.

a

b

c

d

e

f

2 3
1 1 6

1 1
1 2 2

2 0
1 1 0

1 6
1 1 2

7 3
1 1 5

6 3
1 1 3

3 9
2.

1 0
1 1 7

1 8
1 3 0

1 3
1 1 4

3 2
1 5 1

8 1
1 1 1

3 4
1 2 1

3.

1 4
1 1 2

3 4
1 1 3

4 1
1 1 8

3 0
1 5 0

2 7
1 5 0

2 2
1 2 2

4.

1 8
1 4 1

1 3
1 4 2

1 2
1 4 4

3 1
1 1 7

2 7
1 4 2

3 1
1 3 8

5.

1 3
1 1 4

1 5
1 4 3

2 3
1 4 2

2 2
1 7 1

3 7
1 6 0

3 5
1 2 3

6.

1 0
1 4 3

7 3
1 2 0

8 6
1 1 3

5 2
1 1 3

4 2
1 2 6

3 2
1 4 5

Spectrum Math
Grade 3

Chapter 1, Lesson 3
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
9

NAME

Lesson 1.4   Subtracting 2-Digit Numbers (no renaming)
First, subtract the ones.
3 6
2 2 3

Then, subtract the tens.

3 6
2 2 3

3 6
2 2 3

minuend
subtrahend

3

1 3

difference

Subtract.
1.

a

b

c

d

e

f

2 3
2 1 2

8 6
2 2 2

9 3
2 7 1

3 0
2 1 0

9 2
2 1 1

4 8
2 1 6

1 5
2.

6 2
2 1 0

8 3
2 1 3

6 5
2 4 4

5 4
2 1 2

3 7
2 2 5

8 8
2 3 2

3.

8 6
2 4 5

9 2
2 7 0

8 9
2 6 2

7 5
2 6 2

8 8
2 4 4

9 0
2 6 0

4.

8 2
2 4 1

5 7
2 3 6

3 5
2 2 3

6 5
2 4 3

8 1
2 6 0

4 2
2 3 0

5.

6 0
2 3 0

4 6
2 2 5

9 2
2 8 1

8 6
2 3 2

5 7
2 3 6

2 9
2 1 3

6.

2 5
2 1 5

2 8
2 1 2

3 6
2 1 3

4 6
2 1 5

7 5
2 1 4

6 4
2 2 3

Spectrum Math
Grade 3
10

Chapter 1, Lesson 4
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)

NAME

Lesson 1.5   Adding 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
Add the ones.
Rename 12 as 10 1 2.
3 7
1 2 5

Add the tens.

7
1 5

1
3 7
1 2 5

1
3 7
1 2 5

addend
addend

1 2 or 10 1 2

2

6 2

sum

Add.
1.

a

b

c

d

e

f

2 3
1 1 8

7 6
1 1 5

1 3
1 7 7

3 6
1 1 6

1 9
1 6 2

2 9
1 1 9

4 1
2.

2 7
1 3 6

5 2
1 3 9

3 6
1 2 8

3 0
1 5 0

5 6
1 2 7

5 9
1 1 3

3.

5 4
1 2 7

5 3
1 2 8

2 8
1 1 7

1 3
1 1 9

3 9
1 1 7

5 6
1 1 4

4.

6 2
1 1 9

2 7
1 1 8

2 6
1 5 5

1 8
1 1 3

7 2
1 1 8

3 7
1 1 7

5.

2 3
1 5 7

2 9
1 1 6

2 5
1 1 6

3 8
1 1 4

2 6
1 2 8

7 6
1 1 5

6.

2 9
1 1 7

3 4
1 2 7

4 3
1 2 7

2 5
1 2 6

4 8
1 1 2

4 5
1 4 6

Spectrum Math
Grade 3

Chapter 1, Lesson 5
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
11

NAME

Lesson 1.6   Subtracting 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
Subtract the ones.
Rename 52 as “4
tens and 12 ones.”
5 2
2 1 9

Subtract
the ones.

4 12

5 2
2 1 9

Subtract
the tens.

4 12

5 2
2 1 9

3

4 12

5 2
2 1 9

minuend
subtrahend

3 3

difference

Subtract.
1.

a

b

c

d

e

f

3 0
2 2 2

2 2
2 1 9

5 3
2 2 8

4 1
2 2 7

9 2
2 5 6

8 6
2 2 7

8
2.

8 3
2 6 6

6 2
2 5 6

5 1
2 1 7

3 4
2 1 5

4 6
2 2 9

5 7
2 3 8

3.

7 2
2 3 7

8 2
2 6 7

6 4
2 1 8

8 6
2 5 7

4 1
2 1 6

5 3
2 2 9

4.

2 4
2 1 7

6 0
2 2 0

8 6
2 2 7

9 3
2 2 6

5 2
2 1 7

4 7
2 2 8

5.

8 6
2 3 8

4 5
2 1 8

4 2
2 1 9

9 6
2 3 9

6 3
2 2 7

8 7
2 6 8

6.

5 3
2 1 7

9 2
2 4 5

8 6
2 1 8

7 2
2 1 7

6 3
2 4 5

5 2
2 1 3

Spectrum Math
Grade 3
12

Chapter 1, Lesson 6
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)

NAME

Lesson 1.7   Adding Three Numbers
Add the ones.
2 3
4 7
1 1 6

3
7
1 6

Add the tens.

1

1 0
1 6

2 3
4 7
1 1 6

1 6 or 10 1 6

6

1

2 3
4 7
1 1 6

addend
addend
addend

8 6

sum

Add.
1.

a

b

c

d

e

f

1 3
2 6
1 4 5

7
2 9
1 5 6

1 6
2 3
1 2 5

2 7
7
1 3 4

6
1 3
1 2 9

1 0
3 0
1 5 0

8 4
2.

2 2
3 1
1 4 5

1 9
2 1
1 3 2

2 9
1 6
1 1 5

1 3
1 5
1 2 5

4 2
2 1
1 8

2 6
2 3
1 3 5

3.

1 1
3 0
1 4 2

2 7
1 6
1 9

4
7
1 8

3 4
1 6
1 4 1

1 6
2 3
1 3 5

2 9
3 1
1 2 5

4.

8 2
5
1 9

3 3
4 7
1 1 2

8 6
5
1 2

1 8
3 2
1 1 6

4 6
2 9
1 1 6

5 3
2 1
1 1 5

5.

6 6
2 1
1 8

4 7
1 3
1 8

2 2
4 1
1 2 8

2 3
1 5
1 1 7

1 8
1 6
1 2 4

2 3
3 5
1 1 7

Spectrum Math
Grade 3

Chapter 1, Lesson 7
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
13

NAME

Lesson 1.8   Addition and Subtraction Practice
Add or subtract.
a

b

c

d

e

f

7 6
1 2 1

8 2
2 1 9

1 6
7
1 1 3

1 6
1 3 5

7 6
2 3 0

3 0
2 1 3

1 6
1 3
1 2 3

7 6
2 4 3

8 7
2 4 5

9 2
2 7 9

1.

2 3
2 1 0

2.

2 0
1 5 0

3.

4.

2 6
1 5 8

9 6
2 1 7

7 2
1 3

7 9
1 8

1 6
2 8

1 8
1 2
1 4 2

8 6
2 1 9

7 7
1 1 6

4 3
2 2 9

1 6
1 7

8 2
2 4 2

8 6
2 3 9

1 8
1 5 3

8 6
1 5

5.

6.

5 7
2 4 3

9
1 9

0
1 3 0

4 1
2 2 2

1 8
4 2
11 3

8 1
2 7 9

2 7
1 3 4

8 6
1 1 3

9 2
2 3 6

3 7
2 2 4

Spectrum Math
Grade 3
14

Chapter 1, Lesson 8
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)

NAME

Lesson 1.9   Problem Solving

SHOW YOUR WORK

Solve each problem.
1. Philip has 52 marbles. His friend, Edgar, has 39

marbles. How many marbles do they have in all?

Philip has

marbles.

Edgar has

marbles.

They have

marbles in all.

2. Susan has 3 cats. George has 23 fish. Maria has

1.

2.

2 birds. How many pets do they have together?

Susan has

George has

Maria has

Together they have

cats.
fish.
birds.
pets.

3. Mr. Williams’ third-grade class has 27 students.

3.

Mrs. Nakagawa’s third-grade class has 31 students.
How many third-grade students are there?

Mr. Williams has

Mrs. Nakagawa has

Together, there are

students.
students.
students.

4. There are 36 adults and 17 children at the movie

4.

5.

theater. How many people are at the movie theater?

There are

people at the movie theater.

5. Kyle has 77 baseball trading cards. If Omar gives

Kyle 13 baseball trading cards, how many trading
cards will Kyle have?

Kyle will have

Spectrum Math
Grade 3

baseball trading cards.

Chapter 1, Lesson 9
Adding and Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers (with renaming)
15