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Sequence of Presentation

1.Why Process Control?
2 What to Control?
2.What
3.Role of Sensors and Instruments
4.Modes Of Control Systems
5.Basics of Feedback Control Systems
6.Examples of Servo Control Systems
7.Conclusions

1. Why Process Control ?

1.Safety of Equipment and Personnel
2.Productions
2
Productions Specification of quality &
quantity
3 Operational Constraints
3.Operational
4.Observe Environmental and Country
Laws
5.Economics

Control Objectives
Give example

1. Safety of
Equipment
q p
&
personnel
2. Production
Specification of
quality &
quantity
3. Operational
Constraints
4. Environmental
Regulations
5. Economics

T6

Feed

T1

T2

T5

F1

T4

T3

F2
Process
fluid

PC

Vapor
Product

L1

F3
Steam

A1
L. Key

Liquid
product

Operational Constraints 4. E i Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 F2 Process P fluid T6 PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Safety of Equipment & personnel 2. Production Specification of quality & quantity 3. Key Liquid product . Environmental Regulations 5 Economics 5.Safety of Equipment & Personnel High pressure in drum is dangerous 1.

Production Specification of quality & quantity 3. Environmental Regulations 5.Control Objectives Give example 1. Operational Constraints 4. Safety of Equipment q p & personnel 2. Economics T6 Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 F2 Process fluid PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Key Liquid product .

Production Specification of quality lit & quantity 3.Safety of Equipment No flow could damage the pump 1. Safety of Equipment & personnell 2. Operational Constraints 4. Key Liquid d t product . Economics F d Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 F2 Process fluid T6 PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Environmental Regulations 5.

Operational Constraints 4. Economics Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 F2 Process fluid T6 PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Key Liquid product . Safety of Equipment q p & personnel 2. Production Specification of quality & quantity 3.Smooth Production Rate Always keep the production rate smooth 1. Environmental Regulations 5.

Production Specification of quality & quantity 3. Safety of Equipment & personnel 2.Quality Assurance Give Example 1. Environmental Regulations F2 5. Economics Process fluid PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Operational Constraints T6 Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 4. Key Liquid product .

Constraints Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 4. Economics Process fluid T6 PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Key Liquid product . Safety of Equipment & personnel 2.Quality Assurance Achieve L. Production Specification of quality & quantity 3 Operational 3.Key by adjusting the heating 1. Environmental Regulations F2 5.

Environmental Regulations 5. Production S Specification ifi ti off Feed quality & quantity 3 Operational 3. Economics T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 F2 Process fluid T6 PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L.Observe Environmental and Other Regulations Never release hydrocarbons y to atmosphere 1. Constraints 4. Safety of E i Equipment t& personnel 2. Key Liquid Li id product .

Key Liquid product . Constraints T6 Feed T1 T2 T5 F1 T4 T3 4.Economics Give Example 1. Safety of E i Equipment t& personnel 2. Economics Process fluid PC Vapor Product L1 F3 Steam A1 L. Production S Specification ifi ti off quality & quantity 3 Operational 3. Environmental Regulations F2 5.

Production Specification of quality & quantity 3. Operational C Constraints i 4. Safety of Equipment & personnel 2. Economics Give Example .Economics 1. Environmental Regulations 5.

2.Ensure Stable Operation (Avoid Unsteady State) 3 O ti i d O 3.Optimized Operation ti (Control Operating Costs) .The Influence of External Disturbances (Suppress Them) 2. What to Control ? 1.

Suppress the Influence of External Disturbances Disturbances? .

Ensure Stable Operation .

Ensure Stable Operation (cont’d) .

Optimized Operation (online) .

we reduce the variability. .Potential Stochastic Gains through effective Process Control When we control a process.

Potential Stochastic Gains through effective Process Control (Cont’d) Variability is moved from controlled to manipulated variable! .

Potential Stochastic Gains through effective Process Control (Cont’d) What statistics can we calculate l l t from this data? How do we relate variability to process performance? .

etc. It measures performance for a control objective. average value of the key variable! . Calculate the process performance using the distribution not the distribution. production rate.Potential Stochastic Gains through effective Process Control (Cont’d) Process performance p efficiency. yield.

Examples of feedback system .

3. . Role of Sensors and Instruments A typical instrument has three components: ` A Sensor ` A Modifier ` A Display (Or transmitting arrangement) Sensors feel the condition and originate the signal i l followed f ll db by modification difi ti and d amplification for effective display or transmission.

` Process control go hand in hand “If you cannot measure you cannot control!” .Comment on Sensors and Instruments ` Instruments are the eyes of engineer/ operator that can see & feel the intense process variable inside the vessels ` Accordingly the measurements should be reliable and as close to actual condition as possible with reasonable costs.

Example of Temperature Control (Heat exchanger) .

4. Tracking) Sequential Control System Distributed Integrated Modes of Implementation ` Pneumatic ` Electronic ` Digital . Modes of Control Systems ` ` ` ` ` Feedback Control Systems (Regulatory) Feedforward Control Systems(Servo.

Basics of feedback control system .

Example of Composition Control .

Examples of feedback system .

Examples of feedback system .

Where is Control Done? .

Examples of feedback system .

Examples of feedback system .

Control System Implementation ` Analog and local Control ` Microprocessor based Distributed Control ` Field Bus based Distributed Control System (State of art with ever growing capabilities and features!) .

Control Systems Implementations In Industry .

Control Systems Implementations In Industry .

Control Systems Implementations In Industry .