9 views

Uploaded by chutamilho

Problem 1 016

- 19 Beam Review of stucture
- Calculation of Pipe Support
- Engineering Basis 15 June 2012 (1)
- r059210303 Mechanics of Solids
- Pre Stressed Concrete Solving Example
- Mathematical Formulation
- Determining Deflections of Hinge-Connected Beams Using Sing
- syllabus book.pdf
- designe
- Metal Deck Mom Res 4.2m 170thk 20kNm2.pdf
- Roof Deck
- UEMX2313
- EncasGird
- Flexural Torsional Behavior
- Comm Bldg Report(1)
- Firstranker.com Finite Element Methods
- Sp by Cantilever
- Ractangular Over Head Water Tank (Complete)
- Chevron Effect AISC Publication
- CE2201 NOV.DEC 2009.

You are on page 1of 5

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

SAP2000

1

EXAMPLE 1-016

FRAME - TENSION STIFFENING USING P-DELTA ANALYSIS

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION

The SAP2000 tension stiffening calculation using P-Delta analysis is verified in

this example using a tie rod (beam) with a large axial force.

In this example a simply supported, 3-inch-square, steel beam has a large axial

force and a small transverse uniform load. The deflection in the direction of the

transverse load (global Z direction) is reduced because of the stiffening effect of

the tension force. The values of the midpoint deflection and bending moment

with and without tension stiffening are calculated and compared with

independent results derived using formulas presented in Timoshenko 1956.

Two different methods are used to apply the tension stiffening. In one method, a

P-Delta force equal to the specified tension is assigned directly to the beam. The

beam is then analyzed in a linear static load case with the transverse loading

applied. In the second method, the tension is applied to the beam in a nonlinear

static load case that is specified to consider P-Delta effects. The beam is then

analyzed in a separate linear static load case with the transverse loading applied.

This second load case is specified to use the stiffness at the end of the static

nonlinear case.

The beam is modeled with two objects so that there is a midpoint node where

displacements are reported. Several models are created using different

discretizations of the frame objects

Important Note: Shear deformations are ignored in the analysis by setting the

frame property modification factor for shear area to zero.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

0.002 k/in

Z

Y

1

X

2

150"

3

150"

300"

20.25 k

Material Properties

E = 30,000 k/in2

Section Properties

b = 3 in

d = 3 in

I = 6.75 in4

EXAMPLE 1-016 - 1

Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

SAP2000

1

P-Delta force assignment to frame objects

Nonlinear static analysis using the P-Delta option

Automatic frame subdivision

RESULTS COMPARISON

The independent results are calculated using equations 43 and 45 on page 43 of

Timoshenko 1956 along with equation 23 on page 28 of the same reference.

Model

#

Elm

Output

Parameter

SAP2000

Independent

Percent

Difference

Uz (midpt) in

-1.04167

-1.04167

0%

My (midpt) k-in

22.500

22.500

0%

Model

#

Elm

Output

Parameter

SAP2000

Independent

Percent

Difference

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54555

-0.54330

+0.41%

My (midpt) k-in

11.453

11.498

-0.39%

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54343

-0.54330

+0.02%

My (midpt) k-in

11.495

11.498

-0.03%

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54330

-0.54330

0%

My (midpt) k-in

11.498

11.498

0%

16

EXAMPLE 1-016 - 2

Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

SAP2000

1

P-Delta Option Activated

Model

#

Elm

Output

Parameter

SAP2000

Independent

Percent

Difference

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54555

-0.54330

+0.41%

My (midpt) k-in

11.453

11.498

-0.39%

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54343

-0.54330

+0.02%

My (midpt) k-in

11.495

11.498

-0.03%

Uz (midpt) in

-0.54330

-0.54330

0%

My (midpt) k-in

11.498

11.498

0%

16

COMPUTER FILES: Example 1-016a, Example 1-016b, Example 1-016c, Example 1-016d,

Example 1-016e, Example 1-016f, Example 1-016g

CONCLUSION

The SAP2000 results show an acceptable, or exact, match with the independent

results as long as the discretization of the beam is sufficient. The two analysis

methods give identical results.

In general we recommend that you use the nonlinear static load case method to

solve tension stiffening problems.

EXAMPLE 1-016 - 3

Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

SAP2000

1

HAND CALCULATION

EXAMPLE 1-016 - 4

Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME:

REVISION NO.:

SAP2000

1

EXAMPLE 1-016 - 5

- 19 Beam Review of stuctureUploaded byPandal Raj
- Calculation of Pipe SupportUploaded bymuthuvelaa
- Engineering Basis 15 June 2012 (1)Uploaded byM.Waqas Liaqat
- r059210303 Mechanics of SolidsUploaded bySRINIVASA RAO GANTA
- Pre Stressed Concrete Solving ExampleUploaded bymohamed19751st
- Mathematical FormulationUploaded byMitrayan Hazra
- Determining Deflections of Hinge-Connected Beams Using SingUploaded bydarker_oblivion7233
- syllabus book.pdfUploaded byShannu Bommakanti
- designeUploaded byMohamed Tabet
- Metal Deck Mom Res 4.2m 170thk 20kNm2.pdfUploaded bysenselessapprentice
- Roof DeckUploaded byadammzjin
- UEMX2313Uploaded byChang King Hon
- EncasGirdUploaded byjfkldjas
- Flexural Torsional BehaviorUploaded byJavier NB
- Comm Bldg Report(1)Uploaded bysafsf
- Firstranker.com Finite Element MethodsUploaded byRavi Kumar
- Sp by CantileverUploaded byPaldex
- Ractangular Over Head Water Tank (Complete)Uploaded byHailemariyam Sewagegn
- Chevron Effect AISC PublicationUploaded byamanpreet_ahuja
- CE2201 NOV.DEC 2009.Uploaded byAravind Phoenix
- Rr211402 Mechanics of SolidsUploaded bySrinivasa Rao G
- Exercises 2Uploaded byJejomar Duque
- Apostila - Eq. DiferenciaisUploaded byAugustoBrito
- May17 Assignment UBGMJD-30-2 DeUploaded byudithairesha
- ADAPT DeflectionsUploaded byCarsonBaker
- Struktur Beton iUploaded byMuhammad Ferdy
- 297.pdfUploaded byVeblin Ruhulessin
- 010004&110004Uploaded bymbeaelnaa
- lecture23.pptUploaded byRobert Andy Wood
- ProMechanica Updated Tutorial 2012Uploaded byrafafranca2

- Tutorial 2 ThermodynamicsUploaded byKhairul Fitry
- Satellite .AssignmentUploaded byArifuzzaman Khan
- what are thisUploaded bylllllllllV
- 06_ASME_Friction_Drilling_Analysis_and_Modeling.pdfUploaded byouterrace
- Training CST 3Uploaded byTrần Phan
- A Brief History and Philosophy of PhysicsUploaded bygheorghe2
- Insulation CoordinationUploaded byAnonymous O7SZExpJVx
- Exp 2 Relative DensityUploaded byumar
- RPP-04 BDC4013 SEM 1 1112 v1Uploaded bytangtszloong
- Related RatesUploaded byCarlo Caniedo
- Plasma Turbulence in the Solar System.pdfUploaded byrambo_style19
- Acs Nmr GuidelinesUploaded byRonnie Dutt
- Chem 17 RDR 3 - Chemical KineticsUploaded byKate Barbara Cayetano Duron
- Production Technologies notesUploaded byarshnoor singh
- [FEA] UGS Femap 9.3 Composite TutorialUploaded byUma Sree Samanvitha
- 22 Unit ConverterUploaded byDenial Elma Basanovic
- 113-2. Mass TransferUploaded byMina Maher Mikhail
- 2013_CBSE_XIIScience_4_2_SET2_sectionAUploaded byShashank Shekhar
- Detuned ReactorsUploaded bythibin
- R07 SyllabusUploaded bykanavath
- Circular Motion Problems SolutionsUploaded bykota_ak
- PS-3Uploaded byShirish Maheshwari
- ntl 2 marksUploaded byPravin Kumar
- Tutorial 2 InterferenceUploaded byGeetansh
- Tema 8Uploaded byJosue Minchala
- pbbdocUploaded byHarrisonic Serande
- A_Method_of_Test_to_Obtain_Diffuser_Data_for_CFD_M.pdfUploaded byNguyen Dang Binh Thanh
- Lab Report of Heat ExchangerUploaded bySalam Albaradie
- CBSE CBSE Class 11 Physics Solved Sample Paper 2017Uploaded byTravel with me Guys
- Ee296 Report 1Uploaded byPaolo Zafra