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Risqi Nurtyas S.

W
K2212066/B
LTE 2 CREATIVITY
A. DEFINITIONS OF CREATIVITY
1. According to Amabile (2012; 2), creativity is the production of a
novel and appropriate response, product, or solution to an openended task.
2. Stein (as cited in Sousa’, 2008) defines creativity as a process
that results in novelty which is accepted as useful, tenable, or
satisfying by a significant group of others at some point in time.
3. NACCCE (1999; 30) argues that creativity is an Imaginative
activity fashioned so as to produce outcomes that are both
original and of value.
4. George & Zhou (as cited in To et al., 2008) found out that
creativity is typically the generation or production of ideas or
solutions that are both novel and useful.
5. Creativity is the ability to produce work that is both original and
appropriate or useful (Kim et al in Kaufman & Sternberg, 2010).
6. Sefertzi (2000; 2) defines creativity as the generation of new
ideas or the recombination of known elements into something
new, providing valuable solutions to a problem that also involves
motivation and emotion.
CONSTRUCT:
Creativity is a process of producing the generation of new
ideas or the recombination of known elements into something
new, providing valuable solutions to a problem that also involves
motivation and emotion by a significant group of others at some
point in time.

B. ASPECTS OF CREATIVITY

Elaboration. 3. Urban (2002) found out aspects of creativity:     Fluency – how quickly you can generate ideas. Guilford (as cited in Munandar.how well you can re-prioritise or link ideas in  different ways. Sharp (2014) divides the aspects of creativity into 5:   Imagination originality (the ability to come up with ideas and products that  are new and unusual) productivity (the ability to generate a variety of different ideas  through divergent thinking) problem solving (application of knowledge and imagination to a  given situation) the ability to produce an outcome of value and worth. Re-structuring. Flexibility – how many different categories are reflected Originality – how ‘relevant’ are the ideas.how well you can predict or infer from some ideas to others. 2.1. 1977) identifies the followings as the primary traits of creativity:  word-fluency  associational fluency  ideational fluency  expressional fluency  spontaneous flexibility  adaptive flexibility  originality  elaboration 4. Torrance in Kim (2006) identifies the following aspects of creativity: .

Fluency 2.” C. Resistance to Premature Closure: The degree of psychological openness. which are readily memorized by scorers. shows an ability to  produce a number of figural images. The aspects . shows an ability to produce uncommon or unique responses. INDICATORS From several aspects of creativity by some experts above. based on the belief that creative behavior requires a person to consider a variety of information when processing information and to keep an “open mind. It measures the degree a title moves beyond concrete labeling  of the pictures drawn. Fluency: The number of relevant ideas. Elaboration D. we can conclude 5 indicators for creativity test: 1. Originality 3. Originality: The number of statistically infrequent ideas. The originality lists have been prepared for each item on the basis of normative  data. demonstrates the  subject’s ability to develop and elaborate on ideas. Elaboration: The number of added ideas. The scoring procedure counts the most common responses as 0 and all other legitimate responses as 1. Word beginning Please write as many words as possible beginning with the following syllables. Flexibility 4. Abstractness of Titles: The degree beyond labeling. You have 2 minutes for each. TEST 1. based on the idea that creativity requires an abstraction of thought.

.. The scoring will be based on the number of the words.. Good Luck! a.. zone.. . kid. The score would be considered based on the number of the words.... tip. . vocabulary. FUNCTIONAL: . boss. d. Example: GENERALIZATION → gen... fe: . .. watermelon. Anagram Write as many words as possible using the letters in the following word. and spelling. Thing categories Please mention noun having these following characteristics. kiss. book..... da: . wa: . pro. OVERPROTECTIVE → over.. 3... ACCOUNTABILITY: . neon. body. kite. d. You have 2 minutes for each. protect. DISCOMPOSURE: . b. on. bone. tomato soup. . kitchen.. TEMPTATION: . lychee. kingdom.. lion. bogger. c. rail. Ki → kill. general. b. You only have 2 minutes for each.. c. .. kick. so: . and spelling. 2.. Example: bo → board. Example: red and can be eaten → apple. Good Luck! a. kind.. king. king crab with padang sauce.considered for scoring are the number of the words you have written.... boast. realize. vocabulary.

Brown and soft: . The score would be considered based on the number of the unusual functions. to cool down the hot food. b. G-O-T: . Laptop: . 6. Green and smelly: . Plain and white: .  Eating sugars as much as possible  Biting lots of cruel humans  Building a house next to cane plants  Swimming in the sugar sea  Helping other ants’ trouble .. a book → to help women’s training to walk like a model.. Consequences Write what will happen if the following things happen... c. You have 2 minutes for each. Good Luck! a.. perfumed white shirt Good Luck! a... Mirror: .. 5.... B-T-S: ... R-T-L: . c... Example: a fan → to dry out wet hair.fragrant and white → baby powder.. ... The aspect you need to consider is the number of sentences.. Example: T-O-P → they observe policies analyzed poetries Timmy offers pens B-A-P → Ben Barry avoids procedures Tom owns pencils Becky admires President Good Luck! a. The scoring will be based on the number of your answers. jasmin flower. Unusual functions Please write unusual functions of the following objects as many as possible in 2 minutes for each. to hit ... b. b. Three word sentences Make sentences as many as possible from the following three letters. 4. Newspaper: . Example: You born as an ant. You have 3 minutes to think and write the answer as many as possible.. c.

There is no water in the world. b. 2. 2. c) 1 (a. QUESTION OF READIBILITY No . 6 3 (a. 3. 6 (a. c. 3. c. c) 2 (a. d).Good Luck! a. d).) . Questions Do you understand the instruction? Do you know the time allotted to do each item? 3. 1. b. b. You can pay things with paper. Do you understand the aspect(s) that is (are) considered for scoring? Yes No . b. 5. c. b. You married to an alien. BLUEPRINT Indicators Fluency Originality Flexibility Elaboration Number of questions 1. c) F. b. 4 (a. Do you know how many words/sentences/ you should write/create? 4. E. 5 (a. c. b.

5. The score is the total number of correct words produced. that each It is new sentence may only use one word from the preceding . The score is the total number of Fluency acceptable responses. The score is the total number of appropriate required sentences. Correct here means that no other letter is used outside those in the test words and that the words are 3 4 Thing categories Three word sentences Fluency correctly spelled. Are the examples clear? G. HOW TO SCORE The total number of correct answers X 5 20 X 5 = 100 H. SCORING RUBRIC As cited from Munandar (1977): N o. 1 Type of subtest Word beginnings Indicator Scoring Notes being test Fluency The score is the total number of words 2 Anagram Fluency that fulfill the stated requirements.

Flexibility score: and The score is the total number of originality different responses. Kessler. T. Sentences containing more than one word from the foregoing sentences 5 Unusual functions Flexibility do not add to the score. Componential Theory of Creativity. . 2013. Responses given by less than 2% of the respondents receive a score of 6 2 points.). Originality score: Originality is defined in terms of statistical infrequency of the responses. Ed. relevant or A possibilities response is irrelevant when the respondent merely restates or describes the conditions that already exist.sentences. (2012). Encyclopedia of Management Theory (Eric H. Fluency and Fluency and elaboration are Consequences elaboration combined into one score. The score is determined by the number of consequences produced. Sage Publications. I.99% of the respondents. A score of 1 point is given for responses given from 2% to 4. REFERENCES Amabile. A score of 0 is assigned to all responses given by 5% or more of the respondents. M.

18 (1). (2011). H. C.de Sousa’. Afonso III. and Personality. 32 (1981): 439–476. F. Barron. intelligence. David M. 55– 82 p. (2006). Portugal: Instituto Superior D. . Zhanetta .. K. Inc. Journal of Creativity Research.: Can we trust creativity tests? a review of the torrance tests of creative thinking (TTCT). Kim. (2008). Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Unraveling the mastery behind creativity. Annual Review of Psychology: Creativity. 3–14 Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Frank and Harrington. Inc. Journal of Creative Behavior. International Journal of Psychology: a Biopsychosocial Approach. Gerlovina . Still the Elusive Definition of Creativity.