Green Energy

Make the world Eco-friendly_.

By:

J.Rees S.Mohamed Rashith Naveen.K.G Rufus

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Green Energy House
Local homes in the region typically have diesel generators, septic tanks and minimal shading. Green Energy is a private house, built to show what can be achieved with sustainable technologies.

The demonstration house
This home has a self-supporting, steel-framed square roof which creates shaded outdoor spaces and provides shading for the external walls. The enclosed floor area is 135 m2. The large square roof creates comfortable, shaded outdoor living spaces.

Building methods
Earth-building methods were adopted to achieve a culturally-appropriate, environmentallyresponsible living environment. The walls are constructed from hand-made earth bricks, with a sand-filled cavity to provide thermal mass and lower the embodied energy compared to conventional construction. The walls are waterproofed to last longer and have a more efficient life-cycle cost. Earthbased paints were used to lighten the internal walls. The house is linear in design with an east-west axis to minimize wall exposure to the summer sun and to improve cross-ventilation.

Ventilation
Five stationary ridge vents connected by a flexible duct to an adjustable ceiling fan help provide ventilation. Ceiling fans on timer controls help eliminate the need for air conditioning and improve health conditions.

The home features:
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Minimal energy use in construction Energy costs below Large shaded outdoor spaces PV panels and solar water heater Biomass briquetting plant

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Windmill Rain water harvesting plant

Weather conditions
‡ In summer, the mean daily maximum temperature is 95.9o F, with highs reaching 113o F. The winter mean temperature is 38.5o F, with temperatures often dropping much lower. The average annual median rainfall is 257 mm.

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Biomass briquetting plant
It is a renewable energy source and is a biological material derived from wood and other agricultural waste. Briquette A briquette is a block of flammable matter which is used as fuel to start and maintain fire. Common types of briquettes are charcoal and biomass briquettes. Biomass briquette Biomass briquette is made from the agricultural waste, forestry waste & agricultural waste. These are made to give high calorific value. Uses We know that fuels are the heart of industries. There is a huge shortage of coal, natural gases, kerosene, diesel, lignite etc. The price of these fuels is very high. In this situation there comes a worldwide necessity of biomass briquettes to fulfil the alternate source of other fuel. Plant The machine to make the briquettes from agricultural waste, forestry waste and industrial waste is called biomass briquetting plant. Technology be implemented

At present it can be used in industries like paper mills, solvent extraction plant, vegetable plant, chemical plant, textile units, dying house, food processing units, milk plant, sugarcane mill, leather industries, laminating industries etc Advantages
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It runs without binding and chemical Binds raw material itself Does not require electric component Less expensive alternative to fuel woods Low maintenance cost Low management cost due to high production capacity They avoid fossil carbon to the atmosphere Replacing oil by saves the cost of boiler fuel

Plant consist of Crusher, conveyor, dryer, Briquette press and packaging machine

Solar Energy
Solar power is the technology of obtaining usable energy from the light of the Sun. Solar energy has been used in many traditional technologies for centuries and has come into widespread use where other power supplies are absent, such as in remote locations and in space. ‡ Its application is spreading as the environmental costs and limited supply of other power sources such as fossil fuels are realized. We can change the sunlight directly to electricity using solar cells. Solar cells are also called photovoltaic cells - or PV cells for short - and can be found on many small appliances, like calculators, and even on spacecraft. They were first developed in the 1950s for use on U.S. space satellites. They are made of silicon, a special type of melted sand. When sunlight strikes the solar cell, electrons are knocked loose. They move toward the treated front surface. An electron imbalance is created between the front and back. When the two surfaces are joined by a connector, like a wire, a current of electricity occurs between the negative and positive sides

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At the basic level, solar energy is collected and stored during the day while wind energy is collected both day and night.  The electricity generated was used to light school classrooms, a local government office, a village community hall, and small hospital.  The solar home system was developed to fulfill the basic electricity needs of all families.  Thus the challenge of providing electricity in a country where there is an understanding of, and enormous need for, off-grid energy provision could potentially be met.  The energy extended to the installation of solar street lamps and solar fountains.  So a logical next step was to begin the installation of the 80kw photovoltaics system, with its panels, management systems and storage.  All this would provide us with the power we needed to start pumping groundwater, and provide light and electricity for our staff and equipment. PV system provides electricity ‡ The six north-facing panels are mounted on the roof and connected to 24 batteries, managed by a solar regulator and inverter. No back-up generator is used. Energy-efficient appliances are used in the house

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The solar water heating system The solar water heating system operates in a closed circuit with a heat transfer fluid to prevent freezing. Performance The PV system typically produces 2.8 to 3.8 kWh/day. Battery capacity is 5 kWh.

Wind Energy:
At the basic level, solar energy is collected and stored during the day while wind energy is collected both day and night. wind generator The proper name of a wind generator is actually ³Wind Energy Converter´ that being a device that converts the potential energy in the wind to another form of energy. This can either be mechanical or electrical.

wind generator work When the wind blows, the rotor blade stops a percentage of the wind. That percentage is what is converted into energy. According to physics, the maximum amount of wind energy that can be converted is 59.3%. This is known as the Betz Limit. Electricity is provided by a 720-W solar system made up of six 120-W mono crystalline photovoltaic panels. The system is connected to a bank of lead acid batteries. The thermo syphon solar water heating system is mounted in front of the PV system.

Rainwater
‡ Rainwater is stored in two large steel tanks. When water is needed, a circulating pump sends it to a tank and then it is drawn by gravity into the house. Water-saving devices are attached to the shower and sinks, and a composting toilet further reduces water demand. Used household water is recycled to the fruit tree orchard. It provides power for lights, ceiling fans, freezer, washing machine, water pump, iron, toaster, microwave oven, computer, television set, video recorder and a radio. The rainwater system provides enough water for two to three people. The only non-renewable fuel used is liquid propane gas, used for cooking and to operate the refrigerator.

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Further benefits
Without the passive solar design aspects, space heating and cooling costs would increase significantly. Further, living conditions in the home have been greatly improved as compared to typical indigenous housing in the region.