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Ch 7 Naming Copounds practice test Honors Chem

Matching
Match each item with the correct statement below.
a.
monatomic ion
f.
cation
b.
acid
g.
binary compound
c.
base
h.
anion
d.
law of definite
i.
polyatomic ion
proportions
e.
law of multiple proportions
____

1.

consists of a single atom with a positive or negative charge

____

2.

atom or group of atoms having a negative charge

____

3.

atom or group of atoms having a positive charge

____

4.

tightly-bound group of atoms that behaves as a unit and carries a net charge

____

5.

compound composed of two different elements

____

6.

produces a hydrogen ion when dissolved in water

____

7.

produces a hydroxide ion when dissolved in water

____ 8.
In any chemical compound, the masses of elements are always in the same
proportion by mass.
Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

1.

What type of ions have names ending in -ide?


only cations
only anions
only metal ions
only gaseous ions

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

When Group 2A elements form ions, they


lose two protons.
gain two protons.
lose two electrons.
gain two electrons.

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

What is the correct name for the N ion?


nitrate ion
nitrogen ion
nitride ion
nitrite ion

____ 4.
When naming a transition metal ion that can have more than one common ionic
charge, the numerical value of the charge is indicated by a
a.
prefix.
b.
suffix.
c.
Roman numeral following the name.
d.
superscript after the name.

a.
b.
c.
d.

prefix.
suffix.
Roman numeral following the name.
superscript after the name.

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

5.

Aluminum is a group 3A metal. Which ion does A1 typically form?


Al
Al
Al
Al

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

Which of the following determines that an element is a metal?


the magnitude of its charge
the molecules that it forms
when it is a Group A element
whether it loses valence electrons

____
a.

7.

Which of the following is a cation?


SO32-

b.
c.
d.

sulfate
Ca
chlorite

____ 8.
An -ate or -ite at the end of a compound name usually indicates that the
compound contains
a.
fewer electrons than protons.
b.
neutral molecules.
c.
only two elements.
d.
a polyatomic anion.
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

9.

Which of the following compounds contains the Mn ion?


MnS
MnBr
MnO
MnO

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

How are chemical formulas of binary ionic compounds generally written?


cation on left, anion on right
anion on left, cation on right
Roman numeral first, then anion, then cation
subscripts first, then ions

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

11.

Which of the following is true about the composition of ionic compounds?


They are composed of anions and cations.
They are composed of anions only.
They are composed of cations only.
They are formed from two or more
nonmetallic elements.

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

12.

Which of the following formulas represents an ionic compound?


CS
BaI
NO
PCl

____ 13.
compound?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which element, when combined with fluorine, would most likely form an ionic
lithium
carbon
phosphorus
chlorine

____ 14.
Which of the following shows correctly an ion pair and the ionic compound the
two ions form?
a.
Sn, N; SnN
b.
Cu, O; CuO
c.
Cr, I; CrI
d.
Fe, O; FeO
____ 15.
In which of the following are the formula of the ionic compound and the charge
on the metal ion shown correctly?
a.
UCl, U
b.
ThO, Th
c.
IrS, Ir
d.
NiO, Ni
____ 16.
Which of the following correctly represents an ion pair and the ionic compound
the ions form?
a.
Ca, F; CaF
b.
Na, Cl; NaCl
c.
Ba, O; BaO
d.
Pb, O; PbO
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

17.

In which of the following is the name and formula given correctly?


sodium oxide, NaO
barium nitride, BaN
cobaltous chloride, CoCl
stannic fluoride, SnF

____
a.
b.

18.

Which of the following compounds contains the lead(II) ion?


PbO
PbCl4

c.

Pb2O
Pb2S

d.
____ 19.
correct?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which set of chemical name and chemical formula for the same compound is

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the correct formula for potassium sulfite?


KHSO
KHSO
KSO
KSO

20.

iron(II) oxide, FeO


aluminum fluorate, AlF
tin(IV) bromide, SnBr
potassium chloride, KCl

____ 21.
correct?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Which set of chemical name and chemical formula for the same compound is

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

What type of compound is CuSO?


monotomic ionic
polyatomic covalent
polyatomic ionic
binary molecular

22.

ammonium sulfite, (NH)S


iron(III) phosphate, FePO
lithium carbonate, LiCO
magnesium dichromate, MgCrO

____ 23.
Which polyatomic ion forms a neutral compound when combined with a group
1A monatomic ion in a 1:1 ratio?
a.
ammonium
b.
carbonate
c.
nitrate
d.
phosphate
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

24.

Sulfur hexafluoride is an example of a


monatomic ion.
polyatomic ion.
binary compound.
polyatomic compound.

____
a.
b.
c.

25.

Molecular compounds are usually


composed of two or more transition elements.
composed of positive and negative ions.
composed of two or more nonmetallic
elements.
exceptions to the law of definite proportions.

d.
____ 26.
molecular?
a.
b.
c.
d.

What is the ending for the names of all binary compounds, both ionic and

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

Binary molecular compounds are made of two ____.


metallic elements
nonmetallic elements
polyatomic ions
cations

27.

-ide
-ite
-ade
-ate

____ 28.
In naming a binary molecular compound, the number of atoms of each element
present in the molecule is indicated by ____.
a.
Roman numerals
b.
superscripts
c.
prefixes
d.
suffixes
____

29.

Which of the following correctly shows a prefix used in naming binary molecular

compounds with its corresponding number?


a.
b.
c.
d.

deca-, 7
nona-, 9
hexa-, 8
octa-, 4

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

30.

Which of the following is a binary molecular compound?


BeHCO
PCl
AgI
MgS

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

31.

When dissolved in water, acids produce ____.


negative ions
polyatomic ions
hydrogen ions
oxide ions

____ 32.
ends in ____.
a.
b.
c.
d.

When naming acids, the prefix hydro- is used when the name of the acid anion

____
acid?
a.
b.
c.
d.

33.

Which of the following shows both the correct formula and correct name of an

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

34.

-ide
-ite
-ate
-ic

HClO, chloric acid


HNO, hydronitrous acid
HPO, phosphoric acid
HI, iodic acid
What is the name of HSO?
hyposulfuric acid
hydrosulfuric acid
sulfuric acid
sulfurous acid

____ 35.
When the name of an anion that is part of an acid ends in -ite, the acid name
includes the suffix ____.
a.
-ous
b.
-ic
c.
-ate
d.
-ite
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

36.

What is the formula for sulfurous acid?


HSO
HSO
HSO
HS

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

37.

What is the formula for phosphoric acid?


HPO
HPO
HPO
HPO

a.
b.
c.
d.

HPO
HPO
HPO
HPO

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

38.

What is the formula for hydrosulfuric acid?


HS
HSO
HSO
HS

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

39.

Which of the following are produced when a base is dissolved in water?


hydronium ions
hydroxide ions
hydrogen ions
ammonium ions

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

40.

How are bases named?

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

41.

Select the correct formula for sulfur hexafluoride.


SF
FSO
FS
SF

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

42.

What is the correct name for the compound CoCl?


cobalt(I) chlorate
cobalt(I) chloride
cobalt(II) chlorate
cobalt(II) chloride

like monatomic elements


like polyatomic ions
like ionic compounds
like molecular compounds

____ 43.
Suppose you encounter a chemical formula with H as the cation. What do you
know about this compound immediately?
a.
It is a polyatomic ionic compound.
b.
It is an acid.
c.
It is a base.
d.
It has a 1 charge.
____
a.
b.
c.
d.

44.

What is the correct formula for barium chlorate?


Ba(ClO)
Ba(ClO)
Ba(ClO)
BaCl

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

45.

What is the correct formula for calcium dihydrogen phosphate?


CaHPO
CaHPO
Ca(HPO)
Ca(HHPO)

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

46.

What does an -ite or -ate ending in a polyatomic ion mean?


Oxygen is in the formula.
Sulfur is in the formula.
Nitrogen is in the formula.
Bromine is in the formula.

a.
b.
c.
d.

Oxygen is in the formula.


Sulfur is in the formula.
Nitrogen is in the formula.
Bromine is in the formula.

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

47.

Which of the following is the correct name for NO?


nitrous oxide
dinitrogen pentoxide
nitrogen dioxide
nitrate oxide

____
a.
b.
c.
d.

48.

What is the correct name for Sn(PO)?


tritin diphosphate
tin(II) phosphate
tin(III) phosphate
tin(IV) phosphate

Ch 7 Naming Copounds practice test Honors Chem


Answer Section
MATCHING
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

A
H
F
I
G
B
C
D

MULTIPLE CHOICE
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

B
C
C
C
B
D
C
D
C
A
A
B
A
D
B
A
D
A
C

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.

C
B
C
C
C
C
A
B
C
B
B
C
A
C
D
A
B
B
D
B
C
D
D
B
C
C
A
B
B