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You are on page 1of 51

Page 1 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Chapter

Important Topic

1.

Chapter Name

Physical World and measurement

Motion

Force

4.

5.

Pressure

***all

6.

7.

8.

Reflection of light

*** all

Refraction of light

10.

Statical Electricity

magnification

*** All

11.

Current electricity

12.

13.

14

Physics to save life

* x ray

9.

Page 2 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Chapter 2: Motion

Important questions:

Define with unit and dimension: reference frame, Position, rest, motion, absolute rest and motion, scalar and

vector quantity, distance, displacement, speed, velocity, instantaneous speed, velocity, acceleration,

retardation, uniform and non-uniform acceleration, gravity, acceleration due to gravity, gravitational constant,

gravitation

Motion

Explanation

Example

Linear

Rotational

Rectilinear

Periodic

Vibratory

Write down the differences between: Scalar and vector quantity, speed and velocity, velocity and acceleration,

rest & motion.

With which instrument we measure speed?

In case of non-uniform acceleration rate of change of velocity is not same but in case of uniform acceleration

same explain.

Acceleration due to gravity is a good example of uniform acceleration explain.

Prove generally and with dimensional equation: (i) v=u + at (ii) S=ut + at2 (iii) v2 = u2 + 2as (iv) g =

GM/R2

Who gave the laws of falling bodies? Explain the laws of falling bodies.

Using graph prove: (i) v=u + at (ii) S=ut + at2 (iii) v2 = u2 + 2as

Draw (d-t) graph to show rest, uniform and non-uniform speed

Draw (v-t) graph to show rest, uniform and non-uniform acceleration

Speed of a car is 20ms-1 what does it mean?

A car is moving with 4ms-2 what does it mean?

How will you express a vector quantity geometrically?

In this universe, all rest and all motion are relative. There is no absolute rest or motion discuss.

Vibratory motion is a type of periodic motion explain.

Object moving with uniform velocity has no acceleration explain.

When instantaneous velocity becomes equal to the average velocity?

Explain acceleration of the falling bodies.

Gravitational constant is 6.673X10-11 Nm2kg-2 what do you mean by this.

Value of g is 9.8 ms-2 explain.

Value of g is different in different places explain.

Gravity is a kind of gravitation explain.

By analyzing dimensional equation we can justify the equation of motion explain.

SSC 2015 question from Motion

To collect a colourful bread at the point C, a rat moving with a uniform velocity 0.4 ms-1 from the point B. A cat at

the point A observe the rat and starts moving with a uniform acceleration 0.02 ms-2 to collect the bread before the rat

in the same road.

Page 3 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

b) There is no acceleration of a body if its velocity not changes. Explain.

c) Calculate the velocity of the cat to reach at the point B.

d) Is it possible for the rat to collect the bread before the cat? Give your opinion with mathematical logic.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. The velocity of a body increasing from 3m/s to 31 m/s in 7s. What is the acceleration of the body?

2. A train is moving with uniform acceleration of 4m/s2. After crossing a station, it travels a distance of 240m in

10s. What was its velocity at the time of crossing the station?

3. A train travelling at the velocity of 36kmh-1is stopped in 50s by applying a brake. What is the acceleration of

the train?

4. An aero plane starting from rest runs a distance of 2km on the runway at uniform acceleration of 10m-2 before

takeoff. How long will it take to run over the runway?

5. The velocity of a car becomes 10ms-1 after travelling 9m by pressing the accelerator producing an acceleration

of 2ms-2. What was the velocity of the car at the moment of pressing the accelerator?

6. A bus was travelling at 90kmh-1. When the bus crossed a private car then the car started with 5ms-2 to the

same direction. After what time the car will cross the bus?

7. A car started from rest with 2 ms-2 acceleration. Another car from 84m behind started with 20 ms-1 towards

the same direction. After what time second car will cross the first car?

8. A driver was driving a car with 20ms-1 speed. Suddenly he saw a cow at 11m away and instantly he applied

brake. As a result the car stopped 2m before it.

c) Determine the time to stop the car.

d) If the car had same acceleration and the car was moving at 108kmh-1 then was that possible to avoid

accident?

9. A car was moving at 20 ms-1. Suddenly he saw a boy at 46m distance. The driver applied brake in 2s and was

able to stop the car in next 2s.

a) Sketch a (v~t) graph in this case.

b) Was the boy saved? Show mathematically.

10. A bullet after penetrating 3 cm of a wall loses one third of its speed. How far will the bullet penetrate?

11. A bullet of mass 15g mass with 300 ms-1 stops after piercing 3 cm of a plank.

a) What is non uniform deceleration?

b) Sometimes people fall down while getting down from a moving bus Explain the reason.

c) Determine time required to pierce the plank.

d) If the speed of the bullet is doubled then in that time how many planks could be pierced? Explain

mathematically.

12. Show that time required for an object to reach to the maximum height if thrown vertically upward should be

equal to the time to return from the maximum height.

13. Two cars started their journey from rest to the same direction. First car started with 5ms-2 and 15 second to

reach to the uniform velocity. Second car started with 4ms-2 uniform acceleration.

c) What is the distance travelled by the second first car after 15 second?

d) Show that the cars will meet only twice during the journey.

14. Two cars of equal mass moving with 4ms-1 and 7ms-1 uniform velocity. Their accelerations are 0.5ms-2 and

0.4ms-2.

c) When will they cover equal distance?

d) Will their kinetic energy be equal during the journey? Show mathematically.

15. Following table describes the motion of a car.

velocity (ms-1) 0 10 20 30 30 30 30 15 0

time (s)

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40

Page 4 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

b) Sketch a graph and hence describe the motion and determine average speed.

16. Figure shows velocity time graph:

17.

18.

19.

20.

c) Determine maximum kinetic energy if the mass of the vehicle is 1000 kg.

b) Determine average velocity.

In a race a rabbit after reaching 1200m with 4 ms-1 uniform speed saw no trace of tortoise. Then he decided to

have a nap. And went to sleep. The tortoise started with 1ms-1 uniform velocity and after 40 minutes reached

to the finishing line.

a) After what time of the race started the rabbit went to sleep.

b) Show mathematically that the rabbit went to sleep after reaching half of the path.

Rajib with his family members started for visiting Jaflong in Sylhet by microbus. He recorded the magnitude

velocity i.e. speed of the car from the speedometer after every 5min throughout the journey. The magnitude of

velocity he got per hour was 18, 36, 54, 54, 54, 36, and 18 kilometer.

a) Find the distance traveled by the car in first 5min.

b) Draw and explain the velocity-time graph by the collected data.

Suppose an electric train, starting from rest, moves with uniform acceleration of 1.5ms-2 for first 10s and then

next 20s it accelerated at 0.5ms-2. After that the train moves with uniform speed for next 90s and last 30s its

velocity reduces to zero. From the above information draw a velocity-time graph and determine distance

travelled from that graph

A man was walking at 2ms-1. Suddenly a dog started chasing and the man started running. At this in first 4s he

accelerated by 2ms-2 and then move with uniform velocity. After 15s of running the man reached to the safe

place.

c) Determine total distance travelled.

d) Sketch a velocity time graph and justify your answer c.

21.

b) In case of first car will the distance travelled at average velocity be equal to the distance travelled at uniform

acceleration? Analyze.

22. Two cars of equal mass moving with 4ms-1 and 7ms-1 uniform velocity. Their acceleration are 0.5ms-2 and

0.4ms-2.

a) When will they cover equal distance?

b) Will their kinetic energy be equal during the journey? Show mathematically.

23. Mr. Hasan is going to his office. Total distance from his house is 3 km. he started at uniform acceleration and he

travelled first kilometer in 4 minutes

a) What is instantaneous speed?

b) State the laws of falling bodies.

c) Determine time to reach to the office

d) In 6 minutes Mr. Hasan travelled 75 % of the total path justify the statement.

24. An object is left from 180m height tower. At the same time another object is thrown upward at 60 ms-1.

a) What is acceleration due to gravity?

Page 5 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

b) If a stone of mass 2 kg and another stone of mass 1 kg are left from 10m height then which one will strike

the ground with more speed? Explain.

c) Determine time for the first object to reach to the ground. Or, Determine maximum height second object

reach. Or, Determine time for the second object to reach to the maximum height.

d) When will both the objects will meet? Analyze.

25. An object is thrown upward with 196 ms-1.

a) What is periodic motion?

b) Object moving with uniform speed has no acceleration Explain.

c) When will the objects velocity be zero?

d) Will the body raise up to 2 m? Explain mathematically.

26. A school bus was moving with 54kmh-1. To see a student at 46m distance the driver applied brake and was

able to stop 1m in front of the student.

27.

28.

29.

30.

b) When object moves in uniform velocity then that has no acceleration explain.

c) Determine the acceleration of the bus.

d) For what maximum speed in kmh-1 accident can be avoided?

Rudra likes biking. His father gave him a new bike. One day he started his bi-cycle from rest and first 10s he

went at uniform acceleration and reaches to the velocity of 6 ms-1. Then he was paddling but he noticed that

his velocity is not increasing.

a) What is the name of Newtons first law of motion?

b) Action reaction force is equal and opposite directional but does not establish equilibrium condition why?

c) If the bi-cycles mass is 90 kg along with Rudra then what the force acting on the bi-cycle was in first 10s?

d) After 10s Rudra was paddling his bi-cycle but velocity was not increasing. However, we know that when

force is applied body accelerates according to Newtons first law. So, do you think this event is against

Newtons first law? Give your opinion.

While leaving a station a train in first 20s reaches to a speed of 25ms-1 uniformly. The driver had to stop the

train immediately because of misplaced of the rail line at some distance. Before applying brake it moved with

uniform velocity for 30s. Total time of journey was 60s.

a) The train moved at uniform velocity of 25ms-1 what do you mean by this?

b) Give difference between velocity and acceleration.

c) Determine acceleration of the train in first 20s.

d) The misplaced rail track was about 260m from the starting point. Was the train saved? Analyze your answer

by sketching a velocity time graph.

A train started at 0.5ms-2 parallel of a bus which was moving at 72 kmh-1 from the same point. The bus crossed

an open rail line which was 2 km from the starting point of the train.

a) What is negative acceleration?

b) Though action reaction forces are equal but cannot balance explain.

c) What was the speed of the train while crossing the bus?

d) Will there be any accident on the open rail line? Or, represent the event by sketching a distance time

graph.

An object of mass 2.5 kg is thrown at 98 ms-1 upward. After reaching to maximum height it starts returning to

the ground.

a) What is weightlessness?

b) Write down the difference between G & g.

c) At what energy the object will strike the ground?

d) Determine the height at which the kinetic energy will be half of the potential energy.

Page 6 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Chapter 3: Force

Important questions:

Define with unit & dimension: inertia, force, fundamental force, contact and non-contact force, balance force,

unbalance force, force of gravitation, electromagnetic force, weak nuclear force, strong nuclear force, mass,

collision,

Compare fundamental forces.

Inertia depends on mass of any object explain.

State the effect of force on motion.

Give difference between contact and non-contact force.

What can a force do?

Though action reaction forces are same but still object moves, why?

If no force is applied then object will move at uniform velocity explain.

Compare four types of forces.

Newtons 3 laws of motion.

What can we define from first and second law of Newton?

Deduce first law from second law of Newton.

What is momentum? Explain conservation law of momentum.

Momentum of a body is 50 kgms-1 what do you mean by this?

What is impulse of a force? Show that impulse of a force is equal to the change of momentum.

What is friction? What is the reason for friction? Explain with example different types of friction.

Write down the merits and demerits of friction. How can we reduce friction?

What is brake?

Friction is a necessary evil explain.

What is lubricant?

State Newtons law of gravitation.

Show the relation between force, mass & acceleration.

Gravitational constant is 6.673X10-11 Nm2kg2 write down the meaning.

Explain different types of friction.

On what value of acceleration due to gravity depends?

Deduce the equation for acceleration due to gravity.

Show that acceleration due to gravity is independent of the body but not the place.

Write down the difference between gravitational constant and acceleration due to gravity.

Mass remains same but weight varies explain.

Why our weight does vary in lift?

What is weightlessness? Where an object becomes weightless?

Show that if an object thrown upward with a velocity half of g then it will return to the ground after 1s.

Show that the time taken for an object to reach to the maximum height is equal to the time needed to return to

the initial point.

Give reason:

i. If a bus at rest suddenly starts moving the passengers lean backwards.

ii. When a moving bus suddenly stops the passengers body leans forward

iii. Place a postcard on a glass and put a piece of stone on it. If you strike the postcard it will go away but the

stone will fall down on the glass.

iv. gun moves backward when bullet is shot.

v. use of wheel reduce friction.

vi. Ball bearing is an important invention.

vii. Boat moves backward when you jump to the shore.

viii. Writing on a smooth paper is difficult.

Page 7 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. A force of 2000N acts on a body of mass 20 kg for a time of 0.1 s. What is the change of momentum of the body?

2. A bullet of mass 10g was shot from a gun with a velocity of 500 ms-1. If the mass of the gun is 2 kg, find the

backward velocity of the gun.

3. A boy pushes a box of mass 20 kg with a force of 50N. What will be the acceleration of the box?

4. A car of mass 600 kg is moving with a velocity of 20m-1 on a straight path collides with a stationary truck of

mass 1400kg gets locked with it. What will be velocity of the two combined vehicles?

5. A body of mass 3 kg moves eastward with a velocity of 1ms-1. Another body of mass 1 kg moves westward with

velocity of 2ms-1. At a certain time the two bodies collide with each other and becomes a single body. What will

be the velocity and direction of motion of the combined body?

6. A bullet of mass 10g leaves barrel of a gun of mass 6 kg at the velocity of 300ms-1. Determine the backward

velocity of the gun.

7. A car of mass 60kg is moving with a velocity 20 ms-1 on a straight path collides with a stationary body of mass

140kg gets locked with it. What will be the velocity of the combined vehicles?

8. A force of 1.82X 10-16 N acts on an electron of mass 9.1X10-31 kg at rest for 10-9s. Find the final velocity of the

electron.

9. A bullet of mass 10g having a velocity of 300ms-1 stops after piercing 4.5cm within a piece of wood. Find the

piercing force. How long did the bullet take to pierce this distance?

10. Suppose a stone is thrown from a balloon moving upward. At the time of throwing stone the balloon was at

200m height and it reaches to the ground after 8s. What was the speed of the balloon while throwing the stone?

11. If an object is thrown upward with a speed 25ms-1. Determine the maximum height it reaches and also time

taken to reach to maximum height.

12. Two students of masses 40kg and 50kg are standing 5m apart. Find the gravitational force acting between them.

G = 6.673X10-11 Nm2kg-2.

13. If two spheres of mass 100kg and 500 kg are placed 10cm apart, the attractive force between them is 3.3365X1010N. Find the value of gravitational constant.

14. The radius of the earth 6371km and its mass is 5.975X1024kg. What is the value of acceleration due to gravity on

top of the tallest mountain of the world Mount Everest, the height being 8.848km? G = 6.673X10-11 Nm2kg-2.

15. An object of mass 5kg is allowed to fall freely under the influence of gravity. What will be the value of the force

acting on it? What will be the velocity after 4s?

16. Canon was used earlier in the war. Suppose a canon ball has a mass of 20 kg and it moves with 150 m/s when it

is fired. If the mass and velocity of the canon and canon ball are M, m, V and v respectively then determine

mathematically the backward speed of the canon.

17. Two objects P and Q of mass 20kg and 30 kg moving in a straightly. Q is in front of P. object P is moving with 3ms2 uniform acceleration and Q moving with 10ms -1 uniformly. After 10s P and Q turns to single object and moved

with same velocity at the same direction.

a) Just before meeting what distance covered by P?

b) Determine combined velocity.

18. Two objects P and Q of mass 20kg and 30 kg moving in a straightly. P is going to the east and Q is coming towards

P. object P is moving with 3ms-1velocity and Q moving with 2ms-1.

a) Just before meeting what distance covered by P? What was its velocity?

b) Which law is followed in this incident? Explain.

c) Show that due to collision momentum may be conserved but not kinetic energy.

19. Rahim shot a bullet of mass 20g from a gun of mass 7.5 kg with a speed 20 ms-1. At what speed the gun will move

backward.

20. A car of mass 1500 kg moving with a force of 200N. It is experiencing 50N frictional force & 75N air resistance.

What is the acceleration of the car?

21. Rahim shot a bullet of mass 20g from a gun of mass 7.5 kg with a speed 20 ms -1. As a result the bullet after

penetrating 3 cm of a wood loses one third of its speed. And he felt a backward force on his hand.

c) Determine backward velocity of the gun.

Page 8 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

d) Determine resisting force of the wood and analyze the cause of stopping of the bullet.

22. An object of mass 20 kg starting from rest travels 250m distance in 10s. After that it travels at uniform velocity.

c) Determine distance travel in 5s. [62.5m]

d) To travel 500m distance what will be the force applied? Analyze. [twice] St Joseph 2015

23. While applying force on 2450N car, it accelerates on a frictional surface at 1.6 ms-2. Frictional force is 200N.

c) Determine force acting on the car. [500N]

d) For what change in the weight of the car or frictional force acceleration will be 2 ms-2? Analyze mathematically.

[1960N / 2ms-2] Comilla Jilla School 2015

24. A car of weight 2205N weight is pulled by a force of 600N on a frictional surface. Whereas frictional force is 200N.

c) Determine acceleration of the car.

d) If the frictional force is lessen to half then what will be the change in the acceleration? Analyze. [Khastagir

2015]

25. One day Sony was playing cricket with his elder brother. Suddenly the ball fell down. His brother asked him the

reason but Sunny started laughing. Is it a question brother he asked and said ball will fall down, it wont fly.

It could fly if the earth has no attraction on everything his brother said.

a) What is the name of the force by which the earth attracts?

b) Why is the force important?

c) Suppose a 4kg object is allowed to fall from the roof. What will be the force acting on it? What will be the

velocity after 5 second?

d) If the balls mass is 50 g then discuss the cause of change in weight in different parts of this earth.

26. Radius of the earth is 6371km and mass is 5.975X1024 kg. Hieght of the highest peak on the surface of the earth

is 8.848km.

a) What is gravity?

b) Discuss the difference between gravitationn and gravity.

c) Determine acceleration due to gravity at the acme of the mountain.

d) Discuss acceleration due to gravity is independent of the body but not the place.

27. An object of mass 2.5 kg is thrown at 98 ms-1 upward. After reaching to maximum height it starts returning to

the ground.

a) What is weightlessness?

b) Write down the difference between G & g.

c) At what energy the object will strike the ground?

d) Determine the height at which the kinetic energy will be half of the potential energy.

28. 10N force is applied on an object of mass 1000 kg for 10s and then allowed to move freely. Frictional force on

the plane on which the object was moving was 1N. [Cantt public school & College]

c) Determine distance travelled by the object in first 10s.

d) Can the body travel more than 0.45 m distance? Analyze.

29. One day while returning from his grannys house Taimur jumped from a boat. But unfortunately he fell in the

water. He noticed that the boat moved backward when he jumped. Mass of the boat was 80 kg, mass of Taimur

was 60 kg and he jumped at 4 ms-1.

a) State the law which describes the said event.

b) Explain the conservation law of momentum.

c) Determine backward velocity of the gun.

d) Why did Taimur fall in the water? Discuss the reason.

30. A bird of mass 200g was sitting on branch of a tree. A hunter shot an arrow toward it and the bullet of mass 5g

strike it and the bird fall down from the tree with the bullet.

a) What type of quantity is momentum?

b) Force of gravity works without contact Explain.

c) If before striking the bird the velocity of the bullet was 50ms-1 then afterward what will be the velocity?

d) Show that if only action reaction force works then the momentum remains conserved.

31. A lift at rest accelerated at 2ms-2 from point A and moved 9m to reach at point B. then started at uniform velocity.

After moving 15m reached to point C. then again decelerated at 2 ms-2 and moving 9m stopped at point D. Inside

the lift Rehan felt his weight changed.

a) What is acceleration due to gravity?

b) Deceleration is a type of acceleration explain.

Page 9 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

d) Discuss the change in weight of Rehan.

32. BISC school bus was moving with 54kmh-1. To see a student at 46m distance the driver applied brake and was

able to stop 1 m in front of the student. As a result other students in the bus moved forward.

a) From which law of Newton the reason for which the students inside the bus moved can be explained?

b) Is it possible to explain Newtons first law from the second? Explain.

c) Determine the acceleration of the bus.

d) What was the time required to stop the bus? Was that possible to save the student if the bus was moving at

55kmh-1?

33. The Pictures of two bodies moving in the straight line and having collisions.

b) Displacement is proportional is the square of the duration of time. How?

c) Determine the combined velocity of the two bodies after the collision.

d) In the above mentioned even the kinetic energy is not conserved Analyze.

Chapter 4: Work, Energy & Power

Important questions:

Define with unit & dimension: work, energy, power, 1J, 1W, 1HP, efficiency, kinetic energy, potential energy,

mechanical energy, nuclear fission, B.O.T,

When work done is zero?

What do you mean by 50J of work done?

What is work? Show that W = FS cos

What is positive (work done by the force) and negative (work done against the force) work?

What is energy? Discuss different forms of energy.

Write down the differences between energy and power.

Write down the differences between work and energy.

What is potential energy? Show that potential energy Ep = mgh

Potential energy of a body is 50J explain.

What is kinetic energy? Show that kinetic energy Ek = mv2.

Kinetic energy of an object is 500J explain.

Kinetic energy can never be negative explain.

What is conservation law of energy? Prove that for a falling body energy at any height is same.

Sun is called the source of all types of energy explain.

What do you mean by renewable and non-renewable energy resources?

Page 10 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Source

Origin

Products

Use as

Problems

Coal

Mineral oil/ petroleum

Natural gas

Solar

Hydroelectricity

Wind energy

Geo thermal

Biomass

Nuclear

Can solar cell replace fossil fuel? Discuss its feasibility with advantages and disadvantages.

What is hydroelectricity? Which energy transfers here?

Why is the demand of energy increasing day by day?

What is nuclear reactor?

What is hot spot?

How much is 1MeV?

Make a flow chart to show energy transformation in hydroelectricity power plant.

How can mass be transformed into energy?

What can be found from petroleum?

Efficiency of an engine is 30% explain.

Energy and work done is same explain.

Which energy is used in hydroelectricity power plant?

Solar energy is a renewable energy resource explain.

What is the characteristics of solar cell?

Write down the demerits of using fossil fuel.

What is used to provide electric current to artificial satellites?

Write down various uses of solar cell.

Transformation of energy.

SSC 2015

ms-1

in order to free a mango of mass 0.25 g from its butt at a height 10m

from the ground.

a) What is called friction?

b) What is meant by inertia? Explain.

c) Calculate the potential energy of the mango at the hanging position.

d) Is it possible for the boy to free the mango from its but? Give your opinion with mathematical logic.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. A man can lift a certain amount of water in 2 hours, another man can lift same amount of water in 3 hours,

whose power is more? Why?

2. A person of mass 70 kg can stair up 30 steps of 25 cm height each in 15s. What is his power? What is horse

power?

3. A force of 200N is applied to a body which is displaced by 10m in the direction of the force, find the amount of

work.

4. How much work is done in lifting 20kg of iron from a mine 90m deep?

5.

6.

A force of 10N is applied to a body which moves through a distance of 6m making an angle of 600 with the

direction of the force. Find the work done.

If a body of mass 40kg climbed 6m high stairs in 12s, what is his power?

7.

A boy of mass 35kg climbs 20steps, each step being 20cm high in 5s. What is his power?

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8.

800kg of steel was lifted at a height of 10m in 20s by a crane what power did the crane apply?

9.

A 10kW engine was used to raise bricks on the top of a building 20m high from the ground. How much bricks

can the engine raise on the roof top in one hour?

10. One 4.9kW engine can raise 1000l of water in the tank on the roof of a building in one minute. Find the height of

the roof. [1 litre of water weighs 1kg]

11. A mango of mass 200g is hanging at a height of 7m above the ground. What is the potential energy of the mango?

12. An athlete of mass 60kg stood first in a 100m race. He took 12.5s, what was his kinetic energy while running?

13. A truck weighing 4000 kg moving at a speed of 54kmh-1. What might be the velocity of a car weighing 1000 kg

to make its kinetic energy will be equal to that of the truck?

14. The mass of Imon is 40kg and that of Toma is 30kg. In a race competition Imo nuns with a velocity of 7ms -1 and

Toma at a velocity of 8ms-1, who has the greater kinetic energy while running?

15. An engine of power 10kW can lift 1000 kg of water to a height of 10m in 1 minute. Find

a) the effective

energy, b) power output and c) the efficiency of the engine.

16. A body of mass 2kg is allowed to fall from a height 10m. Calculate the kinetic energy of the body just before

touching the ground.

17. An object of mass 20g is taken to the height of 10m. At what height its kinetic energy will be two third of its

potential energy?

18. An electric motor is used to lift a body of weight 10N at a height 5m. It uses electrical energy of 65J. What is the

energy lost by the motor? Find the efficiency of the motor.

19. To destroy 1kg nucleus completely then you will get 9X1016J of energy show that this energy is equal to

2.5X1010kWh.

20. A person of mass 75 kg came down along a stair of 6m long with a load of 25 kg. If the inclination of the stair is

300 with the horizontal, calculate the work done by the person.

21. A person of mass 70 kg came down along a stair of 6m long with a load of 20 kg as shown in the diagram.

Determine work done.

1

A boy of mass 40kg and a young man of mass 60kg start running from the ground floor and reach the roof

at the same time. Both of them ran with the same velocity of 30m/min.

a) What is power?

b) What do you mean by the work 50J?

c) Find the kinetic energy of the young man.

d) Explain with mathematical logic whether the power of both are equal or not.

2.

Nikhil and Sujan are playing pen fight in their break time. Nikhil is having a red pencil and Sujan has blue

pencil at 10cm distance. Nikhil striked his pencil towards another pencil and as a result the pencil knocked

the second one with maximum kinetic energy. During motion both pencils received 7.5X10-4 N and 5X10-4N

force consecutively. Both the pencils mass 30 gm and maximum velocity 10 cms-1.

a) What type of quantity is energy?

b) Energy and work done are indifferent explain.

c) After striking what was the kinetic energy?

d) After what distance covering the second pencil will stop you think? Give mathematical explanation.

3.

By making dam, water is stored and then that water is used to rotate turbine to produce current. Suppose

in 5 minutes water from a dam flows and rotate a turbine. Area of the place where water stored is 100 m2

and total height is 18m.

a) Which energy is used in hydroelectricity?

b) Why is solar system called renewable energy resource?

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d) Suppose the efficiency of the system is 70%. Is it possible to run a engine of 24kW? Show mathematically.

Figure shows a frictionless pulley only weight of A and B works.

3

4

b) An objects potential energy is 1175J What does it mean.

c) At what velocity object A will strike the ground?

d) Maximum kinetic energy of B is how many times of potential energy of A? Analyze.

1

2

3

4

5.

6.

The spring is compressed by 1m. For this compression 20N force is applied. Then a 50gm ball is kept in front

of it.

a) What type of quantity is work?

b) How does mechanical energy converts in to other form of energy? Give example.

c) What is the work done to compress the spring?

d) If the spring is allowed to expand then what will be the maximum velocity of the ball?

An object of mass m is kept at point C from the ground. At B, kinetic and potential energy are equal.

1

2

7.

b) When the object is allowed to fall freely, the object gains speed v then at point B the object has both

kinetic and potential energy, why? Explain.

c) Determine total energy of the object at point B. Or, Show that x = h/2

d) Suppose the objects mass is 10 kg and allowed to fall freely from A. Determine objects kinetic energy at

A, B and C.

An object of mass m is kept at point C from the ground.

b) Give mathematical expression for kinetic energy.

1

2

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d) At which point kinetic energy will be twice of the potential energy? Determine

8.

Rahim can lift a definite amount of water from a well in 2 hours. Kamal needs 3 hours to lift the same

amount of water.

a) What is the meaning of 10W power?

b) Who has more power mentioned in the stem? Explain.

c) Suppose mass of water with container is m kg, height of the well is h m, and power of Rahim and

Kashem is P1 and P2 then show that 2P1 = 3P2

d) An engine of 20 kW can raise 3000 kg of water at minute to the height of 10 m. Determine the

efficiency of the engine.

9.

Towsif became first in 100 m race in his schools annual sports. He defeated Galib only for 2 second. Galib

finished the race in 12 second. Mass of Towsif and Galib are 50 kg and 40 kg respectively.

a) What is kinetic energy?

b) Explain the energy conversion of Towsif before and after the race.

c) Just before finishing the race what was Towsifs kinetic energy?

d) Compare both of them kinetic energy.

10. Fahim was standing at the base of a hill. He kicked an object and the object moved 20 m towards the base.

It made 600 angle with the ground. A 10N force was applied horizontally on the object.

a) What is work?

b) Work done by Fahim was positive or negative? Explain.

c) Determine work done by Fahim.

d) if there were no hill and the object moved same distance then the amount of work done would be same?

Give your opinion

11. Rahims father is in trouble with their water pump, there house height is 300m, and the pump has power

of 2 kW. Every day 20000 kg water needs to take to the roof.

a) What is power?

b) What is the relation between work done and power?

c) How long the pump can be turned on every day?

d) Compare work done and power.

12. Figure shows an object kept at 100m height. Where its total energy is potential energy. As it is at rest it has

no kinetic energy.

Figure 1

a) What is gravitational potential energy?

b) Give the mathematical expression for kinetic energy.

c) At what speed the object will strike the surface?

d) Determine at which height kinetic energy will be two third of the potential energy.

13. Two engines of 10kW and 5.88 kW can lift 200kg bricks and 1000 litre water to the roof of a 30m height

building in 1 minute.

a) When is work done zero?

b) Potential energy of an object is 50J what do you mean by this?

c) Determine effective power of the first engine

d) Which engines efficiency is more? Show mathematically.

14. An object is thrown upward with a velocity 20ms-1. After sometime, it started returning from the

maximum height.

c) Determine maximum height reached.

c) Determine time required to reach to the maximum height.

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d) From the maximum height if the object falls then at which height from the surface kinetic energy will be

one third of the potential energy?

15. To lift water from a 300m depth well Mr. Hasan bought a pump which can lift 1500 kg water every minute.

Efficiency of the pump is 70%. Suddenly the pump was out of order. His brother gave him another pump of

efficiency 60%.

a) What is mechanical energy?

b) Write down the significance of E = mc2.

c) Determine the power of the first pump.

d) Time taken to lift same amount of water will be different analyze.

16. Look at the figure and answer the following questions:

a) What is Buoyancy?

b) State and explain Pascals law.

c) At which point potential energy is equal to kinetic energy?

d) Energy can be transformed from one from to another or more forms. The total energy of the universe

is constant and unchangeable. How can you prove this statement mathematically form above figure?

Chapter 5: Pressure and Density

Important questions:

Define with unit & dimension: Pressure, density, 1 pascal, stress, strain,

Show the relation between density & pressure.

With which device we measure density?

What is the density of water at 40C?

Density of water is 1000 kgm-3 what do you mean by this?

Write down the uses of density in our daily life.

Rotten egg floats on water but not the good one why?

What is atmospheric pressure? Why is it set as 76 cm height of mercury?

How does pressure relate with altitude?

Which device is used to measure atmospheric pressure?

What do you understand by Torricellis vacuum place?

Why is it necessary to know specific density?

Why is it easier to swim in sea rather than river?

How is weather predicted by knowing atmospheric pressure?

Show that pressure at any point inside the liquid, P = hg. Or, on which does the pressure inside the liquid

depend? Or, show the relation between pressure & height.

Density of gold is 19300 kgm-3 what do you mean by this?

What is buoyancy? Show that magnitude of buoyancy is equal to the weight of the displaced fluid by the

cylinder.

How can you say an object will sink or float? Or, Explain the cause of floatation of any object.

Ship made of iron floats but iron itself sinks in water explain.

Discuss the gradual increase of temperature on the water.

Why does IPS battery need water sometimes?

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State Archimedes law.

A body feels light when immerse in water why?

What is the reason for waterways accidents in Bangladesh?

State Pascals law.

Write down the uses of Pascals law.

Show that greater the cross sectional area the greater the force exerted in case of closed container by using

Pascals law.

Write down the use of hydraulic press.

What is elasticity? Among rubber and steel which one is more elastic?

State Hookes law.

What is elastic substance?

What is elastic limit?

Rubber band seems loose after using frequently why?

Discuss the basic conception of the molecular kinetic theory of matter.

What do you mean by plasma state? Or, what is the name of the fourth state of matter?

Suppose a body is released in water, which forces acts on it?

Pascals law is force multiplier not pressure explain.

The area of the sharp edge of a nail is very small why?

The area of the sharp edge of the knife is very small why?

Gas balloons go up why?

Mount Everest air pressure is what percentage of sea level air pressure?

Why respiration is difficult in high altitude?

Nose bleeds at high altitude why?

What is done for passengers convenience when plane are flying at high altitude?

A man can float in water but not in air, why?

Show that real expansion = apparent expansion + Container expansion in case of liquid

Important Mathematical Problems:

1.

Determine atmospheric pressure in pascal.

2.

3.

The base area of a cylinder is 0.2m2 and its height is 0.5m. To fill it 80kg kerosene oil is required. Find the density

of kerosene.

The mass of a woman wearing a shoe is 50kg. The area of the bottom of the shoe is 200cm2. Find the pressure.

4.

Suppose volume of a storage tank is 12m3. Determine amount of water by which it can be filled.

5.

The pressure of air at a certain place is 76cm of mercury. If the density of mercury is 13600kgm -3, what is the

air pressure at that place?

The pressure at the bottom of a tank is 2.94X104 Pa. Find its depth.

6.

7.

8.

9.

Mariana Trench not far from Philippines island is the deepest place from the surface of the ocean. It is 10863m

deep. The density of ocean water is 1025kgm-3. Find the pressure at the bottom surface of Mariana Trench.

The diameter of the smaller and larger piston of a hydraulic press are 2cm and 10cm respectively. If a force of

500N be applied to the smaller piston, what force will be exerted on the larger piston?

The ratio of the diameter of the larger and smaller piston of a Hydraulic press is 3:1. How much force is to be

applied to the smaller piston to obtain a force of 1800N on the larger piston.

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10.

11.

Determine mass of the water present in the cylinder as shown below:

12.

13.

14.

Diagram shows an ice cube whose 1/12 part is above water and 11/12 part under water. Density of ice is 917

kgm-3.

15.

1/12 part of ice remains above water. Density of ice cube is 917 gm-3 [Chtt Collegiate school]

a) Determine volume of ice.

b) Will there be any change in water level if all the ice melts?

A ball of mass 0.45kg and density 500 kgm-3 is thrown upward with a speed 10ms-1 vertically upward. After

reaching to the maximum height it returns and hit the water surface.

a) What is the volume of the ball?

b) At what velocity will it strike the water surface?

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16.

Which one has more volume? m1 or m2?

17.

18.

Determine the difference between the weight of the object in air and in water.

19.

Determine pressure at B

20.

A load of 10 kg is suspended from a ceiling through a steel wire of length 2m and diameter 6X10-4m. Find the

increase in length of the wire. Here modulus of elasticity is 2.2X1011Nm-2.

Suppose volume of a gold crown is 10-3 m3 and density of gold is 19300 kgm-3. Determine apparent weight of

the crown.

A 3 kg brick has length, breadth and height are 25 cm, 13.5cm and 5 cm respectively. Density of water is 1000

kgm-3.

c) Determine weight of the brick in water.

d) If another object of equal mass of brick is immersed then the objects weight in water becomes zero.

Determine volume of the object.

Figure shows the relation between atmospheric pressure and altitude.

21.

22.

23.

a) What is barometer?

b) It is easier to cut with a sharp knife why?

c) If a river depth is 20m then determine pressure a man feels at the bottom of the river.

d) In the light of the graph explain why it is difficult to breath and cook on the peak of mountain.

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An objects length, breadth and height are 12 cm, 8 cm and 4 cm respectively. Its mass in air is 2.5 kg and in

water its weight is 20.74N.

a) What is kinetic friction?

b) Change in atmosphere pressure indicates change in weather explain.

c) If the object is immersed in water then what will be buoyancy?

d) Does the event mentioned in the stem follow Archimedes principle? Analyze.

25.

26.

c) Determine pressure at the bottom of container B. area of the container is 90 cm2

d) If object C is dropped in liquid A and B then in which case the object will sink?

An object of mass 30g if immersed in water then it displaces 10 cm3 water. Weight of the object in water is

0.098N. Mass of 1 cm3 water is 1g. [cantonment public, Jahanabad 2015]

c) Determine density of the object.

d) Does the event supports Archimedes principle? Analyze.

27.

Cambrian 2015

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

d) Given incident supports Archimedes principle? Analyze.

If a wire of length 10m and radius 1 mm is pulled by a force of 100N, find the increase in length of the wire. Y =

2X1011Nm-2. [6.37X10-3]

A load of 10 kg is suspended from a ceiling through a steel wire of length 2m and diameter 6X10 -4m. Find the

increase in length of the wire. [3.15X10-3m]

The Youngs modulus of a wire is 2X1011 Nm-2. Find the applied stress in order to increase the length of the wire

by 15%. [3X1010 Nm-2]

What is the magnitude of the force to be applied on steel wire of 2X10-4m2 cross sectional area so that its length

becomes double? Y = 2X1011 Nm-2. [4X107N ]

A wire of length 5m and cross section 1.5 cm2 increases by 2 cm when a load of 5 kg is suspended from it. Find

the a) stress, b) strain and c) Youngs modulus.

Chapter 6: Effect of heat on a substance

Important questions:

Define: Heat, unit of heat, temperature, unit of temperature, 1K, triple point of water, thermometric property,

thermometric substance, lower fixed point (ice point), upper fixed point (steam point), fundamental interval,

real and apparent expansion, fusion, latent heat of fusion and vaporization, vaporization (evaporation,

boiling), condensation, thermal capacity, specific heat

Write down the effects of heat on any substance.

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In which way the total amount of energy of a substance is related with the kinetic energy of the molecules

constituting the substance?

1 calorie = ____J

In mercury thermometer what is thermometric substance & what is thermometric property?

In gas thermometer what is thermometric substance & what is thermometric property?

Why is a scale of temperature essential? How many scales of temperature are there? What are these?

How many definite temperatures are required to construct a thermometer? What do we call these? Define

these.

Establish a relation between Celsius, Fahrenheit and Kelvin scale.

What is molecular kinetic theory of substance?

How do the molecules of a solid, liquid and gas move?

How the potential energy does generate in solid?

Gases have no potential energy?

What is internal energy?

What happens to internal energy when heat is applied?

What causes the rise of temperature in any body?

Explain the reason for expansion of solid while applying heat using kinetic theory.

In which state thermal expansion is most? Why?

The coefficient of linear expansion of copper is 16.7 10-6 K-1 explain.

Why a gap is kept at the joining point of two rails of a rail line?

The coefficient of superficial expansion of copper is 33.4 X 10-6 K-1 explain.

The coefficient of volume expansion of copper is 50.1X10-6 m3 explain.

Show the relation between , and

Different liquids having the same volume expand differently for the same rise of temperature justify with the

help of an experiment.

Show relation between real & apparent expansion.

On what the different states of water depend?

During the change of state temperature does not change though heat is applied explain the reason.

Explain the effect of pressure on boiling point.

Explain the effect of pressure on melting point.

Evaporation produces cooling explain.

Water becomes cold in new earthen pitcher but not in brass vessel why?

Why do you feel cold when air blows over our sweating body?

On what factors evaporation depend?

Which substances rate of evaporation is maximum?

If one glass and one pitcher of water found from the same source then will their specific heat be different or

not? Explain

Show the relation between thermal capacity and specific heat.

The specific heat of lead is 130Jkg-1K-1 what does it mean?

Write down the principle of calorimetry.

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Cause

Flow of air

The area of the exposed

surface of the liquid

Nature of liquid

Pressure on the liquid

Liquid and the temperature of

the air in contact with the

liquid

Effect of dryness

Evaporation increases if

Matter

Water

Ice

Water vapour

Lead

Copper

Silver

Iron

Aluminium

Evaporation decreases if

Specific heat

Give reason:

Gap between two rail lines

If cork of a bottle stuck then mouth of the bottle is heated

Putting on iron tyres round the wheel.

If hot water is poured into thick walled glass bottle then it cracks

Hot water pipes cracks in cold countries but not cold water pipes.

Cooking on the top of the mountain is difficult

Lantern chimney cracks when water sprinkles

Two pieces of ice are frozen into one if pressed together

The wire between two telegraphic, telephonic and electrical kept sag

A piece of iron appears hotter in the sun then a piece of wood

At a position just above fire we feel hotter than at position aside the fire although at the same distance from

the fire.

In desert it is too hot during day time and too cold during night

Rooms with roofs made of straw remain cold in summer and hot in winter

Blanket keeps our body warm

Wearing white clothes is comfortable in hot days and coloured in cold.

Glass rooms or green house always remains hot.

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SSC 2015

b) Specific resistance of copper is 400 J kg-1K-1 what does it mean?

c) What is the temperature of the liquid in the first vessel in kelvin scale?

d) What happens in case of thermal conductivity if the temperature of the liquid of second vessel increase to 100F

and then come close in thermal contact with the liquid of first vessel? Analyze.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1.

The temperature of body of a healthy man is 98.4F. What would be the reading in Celsius scale?

2.

3.

The length of a steel rod is 100m at 20C. If its length becomes 100.033m at 50C, then determine the coefficient

of linear expansion of steel.

Length of a brass at 00C is 2m. If its length at 1000C is 2.0038m, then what will be the coefficient of linear

expansion of brass?

The length of rails is 200m, what is the increase in length for the raise of temperature 200c? Co-efficient of volume

expansion of iron is 34.8X10-6K-1.

Temperature of an aluminum rod of length 100cm at 100C is raised to 2000C, if the co-efficient of linear expansion

of aluminum is 23.8X10-6K-1, then what will be the increase in length of the rod?

At temperature 00C the length and breadth of copper plate are 50m & 40m respectively. At temperature 300C the

area of this plate is 2002m2. Find the coefficient of surface expansion of copper.

What will be the increase in length of a rail of length 100m for a rise of temperature 40 0C. Co-efficient of volume

expansion of iron is 34.8X10-6K-1.

Volume of lead sphere at 00C is 2.5X 10-6m3. At temperature 980C its volume increases by 0.021X10-6m3. Find the

co-efficient of linear expansion, surface expansion and volume expansion of lead.

Volume of a lead bullet at temperature 00C is 25cm3. What will be its volume at 1000C? The co-efficient of linear

expansion of lead is 27.6X 10-6K-1.

Co-efficient of real expansion of glycerin is 53X10-5K-1. If the temperature of volume of 200cm3 of glycerin at 00C

raised to 300C, then what will be its expansion?

Co-efficient of apparent expansion of mercury contained in a glass vessel is 14.66X10-5K-1. If the temperature of

volume of 250cm3 of mercury at 00C contained in this vessel is raised to 300C, then what will be its apparent

expansion?

At constant pressure if the temperature of a gas of volume 500cm3 at 00 is raise through 100C its volume becomes

518.3cm3.find the co-efficient of volume expansion of gas at constant pressure.

At constant pressure, the volume of a gas at 100C is 500cm3. Find its volume at 700C.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

Pressure of a gas at constant temperature 00C is 76cm of mercury. At what temperature pressure will be 89.91cm

of Hg? Co-efficient of pressure expansion of gas at constant volume is

0.00366K-1.

How much heat is required to increase temperature of 3kg lead through 20 0C? Specific heat of lead is 130Jkg-1K1.

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18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of a piece of silver from 280C to780C is 8625J. Find the mass

of the piece of silver. Specific heat of silver is 230Jkg-1K-1. [m=0.75kg]

1520J heat is to be applied on 50g zinc to raise its temperature from 200C to 1000C. Find its specific heat.

[380Jkg-1K-1]

Heat of 8670J is applied to 300g benzene at 230C. What will be its final temperature? Sp heat of benzene is

1700Jkg-1K-1.

[400C]

A body of mass 100kg at temperature 1200C is immersed in 300g of water at temperature 200C contained in a

copper vessel of mass 50g. the final temperature of the mixture is found to be 300C. Find the specific heat of the

material of the body. Specific heat of copper is 400Jkg-1K-1.

[1422Jkg-1K-1]

At 200C, a glass vessel of mass 200g contains 20g water. An iron piece of temperature 1000C is immersed in water

of the vessel and stirred well. The final temperature of the mixture is found to be 31.8 0C. Find the mass of the

piece of iron. Specific heat of glass and iron are 670Jkg-1K-1 and 460670Jkg-1K-1 respectively.

[82g]

0

0

700g copper of temperature 100 C is placed in 1kg water at 25 C contained in a copper vessel of mass 2kg. If

specific heat of copper is 400Jkg-1K-1. Find the highest temperature of the mixture. [28.980C]

A brass sphere of mass 0.2kg is taken from a furnace and immersed in 150g water at temperature 250C.if it is

assumed that the total amount of heat lost by the brass sphere has been gained by the water and if the final

temperature of both becomes 670C, then find the temperature of the furnace. Specific heat of brass is

380 Jkg-1K-1

Find the amount of heat required to melt completely 200g silver at 300C. Specific heat of silver, its specific latent

heat of fusion and melting point are 230 Jkg-1K-1, 105000 Jkg-1K-1 and 9600C respectively.

[63780J]

Find the amount of heat required to convert 100g of ice at -100C to water at 1000C. Specific heat of ice, melting

point of ice and specific latent heat of fusion of ice are 2100 Jkg-1K-1, 00C and 336000 Jkg-1K-1 respectively.

[77700J]

Exactly equal masses of ice and boiling water are mixed together. As a result the whole amount of ice melts into

water and the final temperature of the mixture becomes 100C. Find the specific latent heat of fusion of ice.

[336000 Jkg-1K-1]

In the figure an experiment is shown to determine the specific heat, S of a solid. The temperature of hot solid is

500C and the temperature of the mixture is 320C. According to figure, answer the following questions:

A piece of copper of 700g and 1000C is kept in a 750g copper container filled with water of mass 250g at 250C. As

a result mixed temperature was found 28.980C. Specific heat of copper and lead is 400Jkg-1K-1 and 130 Jkg-1K-1.

c) Determine heat lost by the copper piece.

d) If a lead block of eaual mass and equal temperature is dropped in thecontainer then will there be any change

of mixture? Opine.

In the figure A, B and C are the different form of same matter. And in this condition no other way heat is exchanged.

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30.

31.

32.

33.

34.

b) If one glass and one pitcher of water found from the same source then will their specific heat be different or

not? Explain

c) According to figure 3, determine the total amount of heat.

d) If total heat for the above system is given to -50C ice then what will be change in the final temperature?

Figure shows an object of 100g and 1200C is kept in a copper vessel of 50g and 200C filled with 300g water. After

some time mixed temperature becomes 300C.

If the specific heat of copper is 400J kg-1K-1 then determine the specific heat of the object.

At 50C length of a rail line is 100m. du to heat from the sun and friction temperature increases by 600C. Co-efficient

of linear expansion of iron is 34.8X10-6K-1. What should be the gap between two rail lines to avoid accident?

[0.0696m]

For 200C change in temperature length of a 100m rail line becomes 100.032m. If any place temperature increases

by 340C and for safety purpose gap is kept 3.94 cm then is it safe?

Distance between two electrical poles is 500m. A wire of length 500.1m at 250C is fixed between the two poles.

At 300C length of the wire becomes 500.14m. If in winter temperature becomes 50C then will the wire tear?

The distance between two electric poles is 30m. A copper wire with a length of 30.01m was connected to those

two pillars in a day when temperature was 30C. Coefficient of linear expansion of copper is 1.67X10-6K-1. The

wire tore in a winter day when the temperature of the air was 4C.

a) Define triple point of water.

b) If two bodies have the equal amount of heat, yet can they be at different temperature? Explain.

c) Express the temperature of air in Fahrenheit scale.

d) Explain the cause for the wire to tear with mathematical logic.

35.

36.

a) What is evaporation?

b) During melting of ice temperature remains same why?

c) If the temperature increases by 300C then area changes by 2m2. Determine coefficient of linear expansion of

the metal. [2.78X10-5 K-1]

d) What will be the change in temperature to increase the volume of the metal by 2%? [2400C]

Volume of mercury is 500 cm3 at 300C. Apiece of aluminum of mass 850gm at temperature of 1200C is thrown in

mercury. So the volume of mercury increases 0.35 cm3, the specific heat of mercury and aluminum is 140Jkg-1 and

896Jkg-1 k-1 respectively. The density and co-efficient of volume expansion of mercury are 13600Kgm-3 and 1.75

x 10-6k-1 respectively.

Page 24 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

37.

b) Why do you feel cold when air blows over your sweating body?

c) What is the final temperature of mercury?

d) Does the above stem support the principle of calorimetry? Explain with mathematical analysis?

A piece of copper of 700g and 1000C is kept in a 750g copper container filled with water of mass 250g at 250C.

As a result mixed temperature was found 28.980C. Specific heat of copper and lead is 400Jkg-1K-1 and 130 Jkg-1K1.

a) What is 1 calorie?

b) Two pieces of ice are frozen into one if pressed together why?

c) Determine heat lost by the copper piece.

d) If a lead block of eaual mass and equal temperature is dropped in the container then will there be any change

of mixture? Opine.

Important questions:

Define with unit: complete vibration, time period, frequency, 1Hz, wavelength, phase,

What is wave? What does it carry?

What is periodic motion? Define with example: linear & circular periodic motion.

What is oscillatory or vibratory or harmonic motion? Give example

What is mechanical wave? Give example.

What is transverse wave? Give example.

Write down the characteristics of wave.

Write down the difference between transverse & longitudinal wave.

Show the relation between time period and frequency.

Show the relation between wave speed, frequency and wave length.

Draw a wave with amplitude 1cm, wavelength 0.5cm and frequency 5 Hz.

How does sound travel from one place to another? Explain.

Write down the characteristics of sound wave.

Why is sound called mechanical wave?

On what velocity of sound wave depend?

How is intensity of sound wave related with the amplitude?

What is echo?

What can be done to stop echo in a big hall room?

To hear echo at 300C minimum distance is required is 17.5m explain.

How is echo used to determine depth of a well?

How does bat fly?

What is the frequency of sound created by bat?

What is the speed of sound in air, water and iron?

What is audible range? Define ultrasonic and infrasonic sound.

What is SONAR?

What type of sound is used in SONAR?

Why is ultrasonic sound used to measure the depth of a sea?

Write down the application of ultrasonic sound.

How do elephants communicate?

How many characteristics are there of musical sound? What are these? Explain.

What is loudness or intensity of sound? What is its unit?

What is pitch? On what pitch depend?

What is quality or timbre?

Why the voice of men is deep and the voice of women and children is sharp?

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

What is noise? Write down the harmful effects of noise. What steps can be taken to reduce noise?

What is sound pollution?

Explain the cause of sound pollution.

Explain the troubles of sound pollution on public health.

Why water wave is called transverse wave?

Suppose frequency of sound is 1200Hz. If the temperature of the day is 250 then determine the wavelength of

the sound.

Is the velocity of the wave particles in the following wave same? Explain.

What is the persistence period of hearing?

Chapter 7: Waves & Sound

SSC 2015

Kajol made a strong sound 17m away from a hill and he did not hear the echo. He moved few distance back and

again made a sound and in this case he heard the echo. That day the velocity of sound in air was 350 ms-1 and

frequency was 1400 Hz

a) What is called frequency?

b) Why does the bat feel free moving at night? Explain.

c) Calculate the wavelength of the sound wave.

d) Why did Kajol not hear the echo at first position? Explain the cause with mathematical logic.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. The wavelength of sound produced by an object in the air is 20cm .If the velocity of sound in the air is 340ms-1,

find the frequency and period of the object. [1700 Hz; 05.8810-4s]

2. What is the speed of sound at 200C?

3.

4.

A man clapped standing on one of the banks of a river. Echo is heard after 1.5s due to the reflection of the

sound from another bank. If the velocity of sound at that time is 340ms-1, what is the breadth of the river?

[255m]

The wavelength of a sound wave produced by a body in air is 0.2m. If the speed of sound is 340ms-1 in air, find

its frequency.

Dhaka Radio Station broadcasts programme in 630kHz medium wave. If the speed of radio wave is 3X108ms-1.

Find its wave length.

The sound wave produced by a tuning fork of frequency 250Hz describes a distance of 1020m during 3s in air.

Find the wave length of the wave in air.

If the wave length of sound wave produced by Radio Speaker of frequency 300Hz is 1.15m, find the speed of

sound in air.

The wavelength in water produced by a sound is 8.75cm. If the speed of sound in air and water are 332ms-1 and

1452.5ms-1 then find the wavelength and frequency in air.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Can you hear echo?

11. Determine the time difference between second and minute hand of a clock.

12.

a) After hearing any sound it remains in our brain for 1/10th second. What is it called?

b) To hear echo why it is necessary to keep the time difference at least 0.1s between the main sound and echo?

c) At 00C temperature for what minimum distance echo can be heard? Determine.

d) At 400C what should be this distance?

13. Mr. Bellal lives 800m away from bus stand. It takes 4.5s to reach horns sound to his ear. Suddenly he suffered

from stomachache and visited the doctor. The doctor said that he had ulcer.

a) What is sound wave?

b) How does the horns sound reach to Mr. Bellals ear?

c) Determine the velocity of the horn sound.

d) Why Mr. Bellal was suffering from ulcer? What are the other problems Mr. Bellal can suffer? To prevent

sound pollution what steps can be taken?

14. Observe the following diagram and answer the questions

a) What is echo?

b) For which position (A or B) the man will hear the echo?

c) If after 0.1s echo is heard then determine the speed of sound.

d) Evaluate the use of echo in our daily life.

15. Figure shows a room of 17 m wide. A student is sitting at the middle of the room. He heard the echo after 50

millisecond and 60 millisecond. From the ceiling no sound is reflecting.

a. What is echo?

b. How can you prevent echo in a room?

c. With the help of echo how will you determine the depth of a well?

d. Determine i) the speed of sound and ii) the length of the room.

16. While returning from the market Mr. Zaman called a rickshaw. Market is a very noisy place. He does not like

that. Thats why every Friday he uses to go there. When he called the rickshaw he heard echo of his sound. He

was surprised but then he saw the buildings on two sides of his way and understood why the echo is coming.

a. What is echo?

b. In which way loud sound is harmful?

c. What might be the minimum distance between Mr. Zaman and the buildings for which he was hearing the

echo?

d. By using echo how can we measure the depth of a sea? Explain with the help of a diagram.

Page 27 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

17.

a) What is time period?

b) Write down the characteristics of waves.

c) Determine the speed of the wave.

d) If the wavelength is halved keeping the amplitude same then what will be the change in the speed of the

wave? Discuss.

18.

d) If the frequency of the given wave is doubled keeping the amplitude same then draw the figure and evaluate

the change in time period, frequency and wave speed if any.

19. A body vibrating in a definite frequency in medium A creates a wave whose wavelength is 20 cm and wave

velocity 160 ms-1. The body creates a wave with the wave velocity 240 ms-1 in another medium B.

c) Calculate the wavelength of the wave of medium B.

d) Determine the number of complete vibration produced in the wave of medium B within the time which the

wave of A medium needs to travel 320m.

20. Mathematically show the distance travelled by the sound for 20 oscillations in medium A and medium B as

shown in the diagram:

21. After seeing lighting a boy standing on the ground heard the sound 4s later. After s from this, his friend heard

the sound of the thunder while he was in the water. The average temperature of air was 200C. the velocity of the

sound in water is 1460 ms-1. What is the distance between the source of the sound and the boy and his friend?

22. Velocity of sound produced in water is 1450 ms-1. To complete one oscillation the sound takes 3.45X10-4s time.

The temperature of the wave is 200C and at the same temperature the velocity of the sound is 1/3rd of the velocity

of sound in iron. Explain mathematically the change in wavelength between two medium.

23. Difference between frequencies of two tuning forks is 218 Hz. The wavelength of the first one is thrice of the

wavelength of the second one. Determine the frequency of both the tuning forks.

24.

d) To hear the echo in minimum time what should be the height of the water? Analyze. [27.8m]

Page 28 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

25. Standing between two mountains if you make sound then after 2s and 3s you hear echo. What is the distance

between two mountains?

26.

d) In case of second wave is it possible to hear echo? Analyze.

27.

d) What will be the difference in distance between the medium P and Q for 30 oscillations?

28.

Figure shows waves created by two tuning forks A and B. speed of the sound 350 ms-1.

c) Determine wave speed.

d) Compare the frequency of the waves given in the diagram.

29. Samin is standing 17m to the east of a hill. Moreover, Sahil is standing 2km to the east of the hill. Samin shot a

bullet. Sahil heard that sound after 5.65s. And after sometime again heard that sound. Then Sahil shot a bullet

and this time Samin heard the sound after 5.75s. Samin heard the sound only once.

a) What is echo?

b) Write down two differences between transverse and longitudinal wave.

c) Determine speed of sound at the place mentioned in the stem.

d) Sahil heard the sound twice but Samin once Analyze the reason.

30. P and Q are two mediums. Speed of sound in P and Q are 350 ms-1 and 400 ms-1 respectively. Wavelength

difference between P and Q is 0.4m.

a) What is transverse wave?

b) Establish relation between frequency, wavelength and speed of sound.

c) Determine time period in medium P.

d) What will be the difference in distance travelled between P and Q for 30 oscillations? Justify your answer.

31. To recover Launch Pinak 6 a specialized team used SONAR to send signal and also to receive to identify the

launch. In a place they got echo after 0.29s. Speed of sound on that day in water was 1450 ms-1. Nature of wave

in air and water are different. [Viq 2015]

c) What was the depth of that place?

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

32. Suppose A and B are source and reflector respectively. One day a man shouted standing at A and heard his

echo after 1.4s. next day when he shouted from the same place then he heard his echo after different time.

Distance between A abd B is 0.21 m and speed of sound on the next day was 1216.8 km h-1. [SAGC]

c) Determine temperature of the next day.

d) Analyze the reason for hearing echo in different time.

33. In air and water difference in wavelength of a 300 Hz frequency sound is 4.16m. Temperature of the day is

340C. [Faridpur 2015]

c) To travel 1000m distance how many complete oscillations are required? [851]

d) Speed of sound in water is how many times of the speed of sound in air? Determine mathematically.

34.

Figure shows a wave created in water. Velocity of sound wave in water and air are 1452ms -1 and 332ms-1 respectively.

a) Define unit of frequency?

b) We can hear sound when we clap but we dont when we say bye by moving our hand why?

c) Determine the wave length of the wave in air.

d) Sound is a wave give argument.

35. Light moving from an optical fiber to air changes wave length from 45.2nm to 63.3nm.

b) Explain Snells law.

c) Find out the speed of light inside the fiber.

d) Mathematically analyze the mechanism of propagation of light inside the fiber.

Important questions:

What is light?

How can we see object?

Which part of our eye image forms?

Write down the properties of light.

How does light behave?

What do you mean by luminous and non-luminous objects? Give example.

In which medium light travels in straight line?

What is reflection of light?

Write down the laws of reflection.

Write down then difference between regular and diffused reflection.

What is mirror?

What are plane and spherical mirror?

How is a mirror prepared? Or, what is silvering?

Write down the uses of plane and spherical mirror.

Define: pole, centre of curvature, radius of curvature, principal and secondary axis, principal focus, focal

length, focal plane,

What is image?

Compare real and virtual image.

Page 30 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

How does image form for a point source? Explain with diagram.

How does image form for an extended source? Explain with diagram.

What type of image forms on digital camera?

Show that when an image forms on a plane mirror then the object distance = image distance. Or Show that in

case of plane mirror the image is as much behind the mirror as the object is in front of the mirror.

Write down the characteristics of the image formed in the plane mirror.

How many rays minimum required forming an image?

Deduce the relation between focal length and the radius of curvature of a concave mirror or concave mirror.

Explain the diagram, the position, nature and the size of images when objects are placed in the principle axis of a concave

mirror at the following position:

Between pole and principal focus

At principal focus

Between principal focus and the centre of curvature

At the centre of curvature

Between infinity and centre of curvature

At infinity

How does periscope work? Write down the uses of simple periscope.

How are mirrors used in blind turns on hilly roads?

What is magnification? Give mathematical expression.

Linear magnification of a mirror is 1.5 what does it mean?

Prove that for a particular ray of incident of a plane mirror, the angle of rotation of the reflected ray is twice the angle of

rotation of the mirror.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. Suppose a 10cm object is kept at 20 cm distance from a concave mirror. If the focal length of the mirror is 10

cm then determine image height and magnification.

2.

If focal length of a concave mirror is 3 cm then what is the radius of curvature?

Sample Stem Questions

*** 2015 Question came from refraction of light. This chapter is very important for Stem.

1.

b) Why metal coating is given behind a mirror?

c) Determine the position of the image of the object PQ by drawing figure.

d) Compare the mirrors 1 and 2 in formation of images.

1

2

3

4

a) What is an image?

b) Why rays incident normally on the mirror returns along the same path?

1

2

2.

Page 31 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

c) Determine the value of the angle of reflection in the light of figure above?

d) The image formed in the plane mirror PQ is virtual; explain with the help of diagram.

3.

Mirror

i.

ii.

3

4

Uses

Nose, ear, throat observation

As reflector in motor vehicles

b) Write down the difference between regular and diffused reflection.

c) If an object is kept 20 cm in front of (i) no mirror then image forms at infinity. Determine radius of curvature of

the mirror.

d) Mirror no. (ii) is used to see the rear view in the vehicles. Discuss its reason with ray diagram.

1

2

3

4

4.

Figure shows a concave mirror. An object of length 10 cm is kept at 7 cm distance from the pole. Here linear

magnification is 1.5.

a) What do you mean by pole of a mirror?

b) Linear magnification of a mirror is 1.5 what do you mean by this?

c) Determine image length for the above diagram.

d) Complete the diagram and determine the position, nature and size of the image.

1

2

3

4

5.

6.

b) On what diffused reflection depends.

c) How does an extensive source image forms on first mirror explain.

d) If an object is kept 10 cm distance from the first mirror then where will the image form? Discuss with ray

diagram.

In the saloon while having a haircut Seam noticed his infinitive image as on both the walls mirror is fit. After his

haircut, the barber brought a mirror backside of him to show his backside hair. He noticed that the distance

between him and his image changing while bringing the mirror near to him.

a) What is image?

b) Write down the laws of reflection.

c) How does an extensive source image forms on first mirror explain.

d) Image distance changes while bringing the mirror near Explain with ray diagram.

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

7.

8.

a) When we say a mirror is convex or concave?

b) Explain the image formation of object OA.

c) With scale diagram show the image formation of the object and determine linear magnification where centre of

curvature is at 10cm.

d) For the given mirror show the relation between focal length and radius of curvature.

A glass sphere of radius r is coated with metal. At point A a hole is made. A light ray enters through A in such a way

that AB = 2r, i.e, if AB is a side of a square then diameter of the circle will be equal to the diagonal of the square.

1

2

3

4

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

a) What is silvering?

b) How will you identify different types of mirror?

c) Complete the ray diagram and explain.

d) If sphere is filled with water then how will be the path of light ray? Explain.

1

2

3

4

a) Which mirror is used by the dentists?

b) m = 1 is possible for which mirror?

c) Determine image height of the object if the linear magnification is 3.

d) It is possible to get the image both magnified and diminish image from the above mirror explain.

1

2

3

4

b) Write down two differences between concave and convex mirror.

c) If PC = 24 cm then show that PF = 12 cm.

d) Second mirror always forms virtual image explain.

1

2

3

4

9.

10.

Important questions:

Define: refraction of light, refractive index, critical angle, total internal reflection, optical fibre

What is the reason behind refraction of light? Or, why light bends while going from one medium to another

medium?

State the laws of refraction.

State and explain Snells law

Refractive index of glass w.r.t air is 1.52. What do you mean by this?

Absolute refractive of glycerin is 1.49. What do you mean by this?

Why the refractive index of different medium is different?

Or, on which the refractive index depends?

For which colour of light refractive index of a given medium is minimum and for which maximum?

Show the relation between velocity of light and refractive index.

On which critical angle depends?

Critical angle of diamond with respect to water is 330, what do you mean by this?

Critical angle of glass is 410, what do you mean by this?

Write down the condition for total internal reflection.

Write down the uses of optical fibre.

Explain mirage.

Explain why mirage is seen on pitch covered smooth street during sunny day.

Show the relation between critical angle and refractive index.

Page 33 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

While walking or travelling in vehicle on a pitch covered road during summer days you may have noticed that

the road is wet and silvery. It seems that there is water on the road explain the reason.

Define: lens, pole, optical centre, centre of curvature, radius of curvature, principle axis, principle focus and focal

length, power of a lens

Why a convex lens is called a converging lens?

Why a concave lens is called a diverging lens?

Which rays do you think convenient to draw the image of an object in front of the lens?

Where is an object to be placed in front of a convex lens to get images of following nature and size?

a) real and magnified b) real and diminished c) real and equal to the size of the object

d) virtual and magnified

An object is placed in front of a convex lens at a distance twice its focal length. Where will the image be formed?

What will be its nature and size?

How would you identify a lens without touching it?

Write down the uses of lens.

Power of a lens is +3d what do you mean by this?

Explain the diagram, the position, nature and the size of images when objects are placed in the principle axis of

a concave mirror at the following position:

Object at infinity

Object at a distance greater than twice of the focal length

Object at a distance twice the focal length

Between focal length and twice the focal length

At principle focus

Between focal length and optical centre

Which ray is called mid ray?

Spectrum produces due to the refractive index of different medium for different colour analyze.

Rainbow has refraction and reflection both analyze the fact.

Discuss about different parts of our eye.

Compare human eye and camera or, why camera is called bionic eye?

Explain the accommodation of eye.

What is aqueous humour and Vitreous humour? Write down their importance.

What is the specialty about human eye?

What is least distance and farthest distance of distinct vision?

What is persistence of vision?

What is the benefit of having two eyes?

How do we see things?

Discuss the cause, effects and remedy of short sight or myopia and long sight or hypermetropia.

How can we perceive the colour of coloured object?

Write down the use of refraction of light in our daily life. (in points)

SSC 2015

Sakil took a convex lens of focal length 20 cm. he placed an object at the centre of curvature on the principle axis

30 cm away from the optical centre and he observed the image on the screen placed behind the lens.

a) What is called refraction of light?

b) Critical angle mainly is an angle of incidence Explain.

c) What is the power of the lens in the stem?

d) If the object is taken 15 cm towards the lens then what measure would be taken by Sakil to see the position of

image of the object? Show by ray diagram.

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

1. When light refracts from air to water, the angle of incidence is 30 and angle of refraction is 19. Find the

refractive index of water with respect to air.

2. The refractive index of water with respect to air is 1.33. What is the refractive index of air with respect to

water?

3. If velocity of light in vacuum is 3X108ms-1, then find the velocity of light in water. Refractive index of water is

1.33.

4. Refractive index of glass wrt glycerin is 1.09 and the velocity of light in glycerin is 2.04X108ms-1. Find the velocity

of light in glass.

5. If the focal length of a lens is +0.1m then what is the power of the lens?

6.

7.

8.

9.

Incident angle 300 and refracted angle is 19.250 when light passes from air to glass js. Determine speed of light

in glass.

Sample Stem Question

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Shelli, a student of class X cannot see the written words on the blackboard. She consults with the doctor and the doctor

advised her to use a lens of power -2D as spectacle.

a) What is lens?

b) How do you identify lens without touching it?

1

2

d) Explain why it is logical for Shelli to use a spectacle of (-) ve power.

3

4

On the hot summer day, we see watery substance in front of us on the pitch-black road. Actually, that is not

water. That is mirage. Mirage is best seen in desert.

a) What is optic tube?

b) Refractive index of glass with respect to water is 1.11 what do you mean by this?

c) Discuss the basis of the above-mentioned incident.

d) Light only refracts when passing from one medium to another medium obliquely Explain in light of the

laws of refraction.

Sunil likes fishing. Every Saturday he uses to go to the river with his father. While seeing a fish Sunils father

threw a spear at 300 angle but the spear went just side of the fish.

a) What is choroid?

b) Write down the function of rod and cone.

c) If the refractive index of water w.r.t air is 1.33 then determine refractive angle.

d) If the fish is at the same place then how will he able to catch explain your opinion.

Inside the sea two scientist are experimenting marine life. They are at 100 km from each other. If one sends

light signal then another see it after t second. Refractive index of air with respect to water is 0.75.

a) What is the relation between refractive index and optical density?

b) Refractive index of air with respect to water is 0.75 what do you understand by this.

c) Determine the value of t.

d) If red light is used to send signal in place of white then will there be any change in t? Explain.

A student is observing refraction of light from water to glass. Absolute refractive index of water and glass are

1.33 and 1.52 respectively.

a) What is the function of vitreous humour?

b) Between glass and water through which speed of light is more. Explain.

c) Determine refractive index of glass w.r.t water.

d) Suppose light is travelling from glass to water, then for what incident angle light will reflect completely?

Explain.

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Animesh Samundh

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

1

2

3

4

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

6.

7.

a) What is lens?

b) How will you determine principle axis of the first lens? Explain with diagram.

c) Determine power of the first lens.

d) Determine what type of image will form if an object is kept at 20 cm and 10 cm.

Two mens sight problem is mentioned in the table:

Minimum distance can

Focal length of the glass

read the book

used

1st

-37.5 cm

2nd

50 cm

1

2

3

4

b) What is the benefit of having two eyes?

c) Determine focal length of the glass used by the 1st man.

d) What type of lens should be used by the second man? Give your logic.

1

2

3

4

8.

a) What is optical centre?

b) Critical angle of glass is 410 what do you mean by this?

c) If the speed of light in medium A is 2.88X108 ms-1 then determine speed of light in medium B.

or, determine refractive index of medium A.

d) If the mediums shown in the diagram are interchanged keeping the angle of incidence unchanged then

what will happen? Analyze your opinion.

1

2

3

4

9.

RAJUK 2015

a) What is critical angle?

b) When i>r and r>i? Explain.

c) Show the relation between critical angle and refractive index.

d) Absolute refractive index of water and glass are 1.33 and 1.52 respectively then determine critical angle

between these.

1

2

3

4

10.

a) What is refractive index?

1

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Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

c) Determine RI of medium b with respect to medium A.

d) If in place of medium B another medium C is used then critical angle becomes half. Which one is optically

dense, B or C?

2

3

4

11.

a) What is refraction of light?

b) Why does light refract?

c) Determine angle of incidence.

d) At what distance the apparent mark will move from the real mark. Determine.

1

2

3

4

b) Give difference between total internal refraction & reflection.

c) If medium a is vacuum then determine refractive index of medium b.

d) In which medium speed of light is more? Show with mathematical analysis.

Russel is in class X. He cannot see the board clearly from back side. So his class teacher fixed his seat in the

front.

a) What is myopia?

b) What is the reason of Russels problem?

c) What is accommodation of eye?

d) To remove problem what should Russel do? Explain.

1

2

3

4

b) According to your opinion, in case of drawing image of the object OA placed in front of the lens, which rays

are convenient explain.

c)Drawing the image from the figure mention the position, nature and size of it

d) Show the positions of the object for which the image is magnified.

Figure shows a concave lens. A student was told to draw image formed by concave lens. He drew as following

he didnt get the image.

1

2

12.

13.

1

2

3

4

14.

15.

Page 37 of 51

Animesh Samundh

3

4

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

b) What was the mistake made by the student?

c) How image forms by a concave lens?

d) How magnified image forms by a compound microscope?

1

2

3

4

b) Why is convex lens used as magnifying glass?

c) Determin the power of lens A.

d) Which lens is used for reducing the radius of eye ball? Give an analytical explanation.

1

2

3

4

16.

Parts

Eye ball

Sclerotic

Cornea

Choroid

Description

Circular object situated in the eye

cavity/orbit. This ball is flattened in

its front and back.

It is composed of white, strong and

dense fibrous tissues

It is the frontal part of sclerotic. This

part

of sclerotic is transparent and

slightly convex at

the outer side.

On the inner side of the sclera

Iris

the cornea.

Pupil

Eye lens

made of transparent organic

substances. Its radius of curvature of

the back side

is greater than that of the front side.

This lens is hooked in the eye ball by

ciliary muscles and suspensor

OUR EYE

Colour

White

Function

It can rotate around a certain area

in the

eye cavity.

It determines the size of the eyes

and protects the eyes and save

them from any external hazards.

Deep black

reflected internally within the eye.

may vary from person to

Iris regulates the

person. Usually the colour of amount of light falling on the eye

Iris is black, light azure or

lens.

deep brown.

Through this pupil, light

enters the eyes.

Page 38 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Retina

suspension of these

muscles and ligaments, the curvature

of the lens changes. It ultimately

changes the

focal length.

Just behind the eye lens, there is a

layer of semi-transparent light

sensitive

membrane in the innermost side of

the eye ball. It is made of some nervefibers called rods and cones

Chapter 10: Statical Electricity

Important questions:

How many protons and electrons are there in our body?

What is the basic property of electron and proton? Or, what is charge?

Why an object becomes charged by friction?

What is electric force?

Which force is basic and important force of nature?

What is static electricity?

What is electric property?

Why an atom has no electrical property?

Atom is electrically neutral explain.

What happens when a glass rod is rubbed by silk?

What happens when a polythene rod or ebonite is rubbed by flannel?

What is electric induction?

Discuss charging a neutral body into positive and negative charge by induction process.

Explain the reason:

i. balloon rubbed and pressed with the wall then balloon attached with the wall.

ii. flow of water bends towards a plastic rod when a charged plastic rod is brought near.

What is electroscope?

Why gold, aluminium or any other light material is used for leaf?

How electroscope is used to see the existence and nature of charge?

State Coulombs law.

Define 1C.

What is electric field?

What is electric field intensity? Show that E =

What is electric lines of force? Write down the characteristics of lines of force.

How electric lines of force indicates direction of electric field intensity?

What do we measure by electric lines of force?

The number of lines of force passing through unit area perpendicular to the lines of force at a point in the electric field is

proportional to magnitude of the electric intensity at that point.

In which way lines of force are related to E?

Show electric lines of force between two same, opposite and unequal charges.

What is neutral point?

What is electric potential? What does it determine?

What about potential if the charge creating field is positive?

What about potential if the charge creating field is negative?

What about electric lines of force for positive and negative charge?

Potential of the earth is considered as zero explain.

What is 1V?

Potential is 20V what do you mean by this?

What is capacitor?

What is the function of a capacitor?

What type of insulating materials used in capacitor?

Page 39 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Write down the uses of capacitor.

Discuss the working principle of the followings:

electrostatic painting spray

ink jet printer

photocopier machine

Discuss the reason:

the wheels of aero plane are made of conductor rubber

Sparking or explosion may occur when a truck or tanker etc carries fuel from one place to another

television screen becomes dirty frequently

Treatment equipments of the operation theater in a hospital free from electric charges as they attract dirt and germs.

Hanging metal chain with petrol transporting truck

wires are connected to the pillars by a porcelain cup

Thunder bolt and lightning

Lightning conductor or lightning arrester

Explain the phenomenon of charging a body on the basis of structure of atom.

How an object can be charged by the process of friction?

What is electrostatic induction?

What do you mean by inducing charge and induced charge?

Describe how a body is charged by the process of induction.

Describe the construction of a gold leaf electroscope.

Describe how a gold leaf electroscope can be charged positively.

How the nature of charge of a charged body can be determined by a gold leaf electroscope?

What are the factors on which the electrostatic force between two charges depends?

1. Two bodies of charges 20C and 50C are placed at a distance of 2m in vacuum. Find the amount of force between the

charges.

2. If a body of charge 5C is placed at a point in an electric field then it gains a force of 200N. Find the magnitude of electric

intensity of that point.

3. Determine electric field intensity for the following figure:

4.

5.

Determine force between the two charges if Q1 = 20C and Q2 = 30C and d = 5cm.

What will be force if the distance is doubled and charges are halved?

There are 3.2X10-19C charge in a helium nucleus and 10X10-19C charge in a neon nucleus. If the distance in air between

them is 3X10-9m then find the electric force between them.

[ 32X10-11N]

6.

A plastic ball of mass 8.4X10-16kg is kept hanging in an electric field of 2.6X104NC-1. Calculate the charge in the ball.

[3.23X10-19]

7.

What is the magnitude of electric field in which an electron will experience a force equal to its weight?

11NC-1]

8.

Two equally charged pith balls are separated by 2.0 mm in air. They repel each other with a force of 4X10-5N. Calculate the

charge in each pith ball.

[1.33X10-10C]

[5.57X10-

9.

Page 40 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

d) If the quantity of charges of bodies A and B are increased two times and the distance between then is reduced to half,

then what will be the change of the acting force? explain mathematically.

10. Mass and charge of an object are 0.9g and 6nC respectively. Object A is tied with a thread at a height of 8m from another

object B of mass 500g. The charge of object B is 8nC.

c) Determine how much force will be exerted by the object B upon the object A?

d) If the thread is torn, will object A touch the object B within 1.5s?

11.

c) Determine force between two charges.

d) In between two charges where the electric field intensity will be zero?

Or, Where we need to place a 5C charge on the joining line of the charges to get the resultant force zero? Explain

mathematically.

12.

d) If we connect the mentioned charges with a conducting wire then what changes will occur in forces between the charges.

13.

In the above diagram to bring 1C charge from a place zero potential to body A and B 100J and 10J of work done is required

respectively. Where C =

= 9X109Nm2C-2

d) Connecting A and B by conducting wire explain direction of flow of electrons.

14.

d) Compare the forces found from the figure B with the force of figure A.

15.

d) Determine a point between these two charges where force / electric field intensity / potential will be zero.

16.

d) Determine a point where force / electric field intensity / potential will be zero.

d) If the charges at A and B are doubled and distance is half then will there be any change in force between two charges?

Analyze mathematically.

17.

Charges at A and B are 3X10-6C and 5X10-6C respectively and distance between two charges is 6m. [Nasirabad, Chittagong]

a) State Ohms law.

b) Electric intensity at different point of electric field is different Explain.

c) Determine force acting between the two charges.

d) Show the drection of electric intensity at C with mathematical analysis .

Page 41 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

18.

Above figure shows that work done to bring a unit positive charge from the zero potential to A and B are 50J and

5J respectively.

c) Determine force acting between A and B.

d) If A and B are connected with a conductor then in which direction electron will flow? Explain.

19.

b) Why object becomes charged?

c) Determine force acting between the charges.

d) What will be the direction of the electric field 2m from A? Explain mathematically.

20.

Three spheres are placed at the same line and AB=2m and BC = 2m

a) What is charge?

b) How do you understand an object is charged or not?

c) Determine force acting between A and C.

d) Suppose you touch A, B and C for a while and again keep them in their own position then compare force acting between

A and B and A and C.

21. Figure shows a gold leaf electroscope:

b) Repulsion is the surer test of electrification explain.

c) How will you understand the presence of positive charge on body with the help of gold leaf electroscope? Discuss with

diagram.

d) What is induced charge? How will you turn a neutral body in to positive charge by induction process? Explain.

22.

Animesh Samundh

Page 42 of 51

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

Important questions:

What is electric current? Define its unit.

With an experiment describe production of electric current from static electricity.

What is galvanometer?

What is conventional current direction?

What is electric circuit?

Draw the symbols of the followings:

Switch, Cell, Battery, Fixed resistor, Variable resistor, Fuse, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Galvanometer, Earth

connector, Wires crossed, Wires not connected, Bulb

Draw a circuit using a switch, an ammeter, a voltmeter, two bulbs in series, a fuse, a fixed and a variable resistor.

Define with example: conductor, insulator and semiconductor.

State and explain Ohms law with graph.

What is resistor? Describe different types of resistors.

What is emf? Write down the difference between emf and potential.

On what temperature of a conductor depends?

What is resistivity or specific resistance? How do we express it? Write down its unit.

The resistivity of silver at 20 C is 1.610-8 -m what do you mean by this?

Complete the table:

Material

Resistivity

Silver

Copper

Tungsten

Nichrome

What is conductivity? How do we express it? Write down its unit.

Write down the difference between series and parallel circuit.

What is electric energy? Give mathematical expression for electric energy.

What is electric power? Give mathematical expression.

What is system loss? How can we reduce this system loss?

If the transmission line voltage is increased by ten times, then what is the system loss?

What is load shedding?

Discuss the followings:

1. Damaged insulation

2. Overheating of the cables

3. Damped conditions

What is circuit breaker? How does it work?

What is fuse? How does it work?

What is earth wire? How does it work?

How do we connect switch in the circuit? Explain.

A bulb has 220V ~ 100W. Write down its significance.

Show that the emf of any cell during flow of electricity is equal to obtained voltage and lost voltage.

Find out equivalent resistance for series and parallel combination.

Show the difference between ammeter and voltmeter

Show the difference between electric potential and electromotive force.

SSC 2015

Animesh Samundh

Page 43 of 51

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

b) Why the electric intensity is not same at all points in the electric field?

c) Calculate the potential difference between the points A and B.

d) Is there any change of flow of current in the circuit if the resistances are connected in parallel combination?

Analyze mathematically.

Important Mathematical Problems:

1. The specific resistance of the nichrome wire used in an electrical heater is 100 10-8 m. What will be the

resistance of 15 m long wire having cross sectional area 2.0 10-7 m2?

2. If two resistances of values 5 and10 are connected in series and parallel combination separately, calculate

the equivalent resistance in both cases.

3. On the body of an electric bulb 100 W-220 V is written. What is its filament resistance? What amount of

electricity will flow through it?

4. Alvi uses a bulb of 220V-100W during his study for 3 hours daily. On the contrary his brother Alif uses a table

lamp of 220V-40W for 4 hours daily. The cost of each unit of electrical energy is 3.5 taka.

a) Determine the current of the lamp used by Alif.

b) Who is economical between Alvi and Alif considering money? Analyze with mathematical arguments.

5. A current of 2.5 A is flowing through the filament of the headlight of a motor car. If the potential difference

between the two ends of the filament is 12 V, what is the resistance?

6. The electromotive force of a dry cell is 1.5 V. What is the energy spent by the cell in driving 0.5 C of charge round

the circuit.

7. Specific resistance of copper and nichrome are 1.7X10-8 m and 100 X10-8 m respectively. In electric kettle,

nichrome is used in place of copper. Such type of nichrome kettle length is 40 cm and area 2.4X102cm2.

c) Determine resistance of the kettle mentioned in the stem.

d) Why is nichrome used in electric kettle? Analyze.

8. We know about the resistance. If 12 resistance is connected in series in the circuit then the current decreases by the ratio

9.

5:3. If we add extra resistance then the current become half of its initial value.

a) What is called electric potential?

b) Draw an analog and a digital signal?

c) What was the resistance of the circuit before adding the second resistance?

d) What was the extra resistance?

In Ratris house they use the following electric items:

Item

Quantity

Power/W

bulb

2

100

Fan

2

150

TV

1

150

Computer

1

150

c) Determine total unit consumption per day.

d) Determine electric bill for the month of July if 1 unit cost tk 4.

Duration/hrs

8

20

15

5

Page 44 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

1.

2.

3.

4.

Determine current through R3.

5.

6.

Determine i1, i2 and i3.

7.

8.

mathematically.

9.

10.

Page 45 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

ii. If both are closed then will there be any change in

i? Show mathematically.

11.

resistors.

13.

15. Design a circuit so that total resistance will be

10

resistor.

12.

Will there be any change in potential if K1 is closed but

K2 is open?

14. Find V and emf of the circuit

16.

silver will increase or decrease? Give your opinion.

c) Determine total resistance of the circuit.

Page 46 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

mathematically.

18.

17.

of radius of 0.2 cm is 4.2X10-8 m. What is the

resistance of a 12 km wire?

d) Determine current through R3.

19.

c) Determine combined resistance.

d) Determine current through each resistance.

21.

d) Determine voltmeter reading.

b) Why do we connect ammeter in series and voltmeter

in parallel? Explain.

c) Determine the current flow through the circuit Y.

d) If R1 and R3 in circuit Y are changed to infinitive and

zero consecutively what percentage of current will

change? Determine.

20.

closed.

d) Will there be any change in current if key remains

open or close? Analyze.

22.

d) In which circuit more current will flow? Explain.

Page 47 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

23.

combined resistance as 7

Important questions:

Who first gave magnetic effect of current?

What is magnetic effect of current?

Draw a diagram to show electric current and its corresponding magnetic field.

What is solenoid?

What happens when you insert an iron rod into a solenoid?

What is electromagnet?

How do the magnetic field lines produced by a solenoid behave? How can you make a magnetic field caused by

solenoid strong?

How can you increase the intensity of the magnetic field of an electromagnet?

Write down the uses of electromagnet.

Variable magnetic field can produce electromotive force which creates electric current through a closed circui

who and when first showed it?

What is electromagnetic induction?

Who worked on the electromagnetic induction at the same time?

How many experiments were shown by Faraday?

What are induce current and induce voltage? How can these be created?

What is the effect of a magnetic field on the current carrying wire? Explain with diagram.

On the basis of what electric motor works?

How can you increase the intensity of the of the magnetic field in motor?

Discuss about different parts of electric motor.

How does the motor which we use work? Or compare practical motor with theoretical motor.

Write down the use of motor.

What is generator? How does it work?

What is the difference between generator and electric motor?

What is transformer? How many types of transformers are there?

How does a transformer work?

How electricity is provided to long distance from national grid?

Show the relation between emf, electric current and number of turns for a transformer.

Give your opinion that transformer works only in alternate current not in direct current.

The lines of force are more in the down than that of the up of the wire shown in the second figure explain the reason

Page 48 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

1. In a transformer, the voltage of primary coil is 10V and current 6A.If the voltage of secondary coil is 20 V;

calculate the current of secondary coil.

2. The number of turns of primary coil in a transformer is 50, voltage 210V. If the number of turns in the

secondary coil is 100, what will be the voltage?

3. The number of turns of primary coil in a transformer is 18 and the number of turns of secondary coil is 90. If

the electric current of primary coil is 7A, what will be the electric current of secondary coil?

4. Any transformer is connected with the source of 240V AC. The number of turns of its primary coil and

secondary coil is successively 1000 and 50. What is the voltage of its secondary coil?

5. Figure shows a step down transformer. Its primary coil turn is 60 and voltage is 220V. It has 180 turns in its

secondary coil.

b) Where do we use step down transformer normally?

c) What voltage is provided by the above-mentioned transformer?

d) Transformer works in alternate or direct current? Explain your opinion. OR, Show that Energy is conserved.

6.

Figure 1 : Transformer

c) Determine current in the secondary coil.

d) What will be the change in number of turns if you want to get 440V from the given transformer? Explain

mathematically.

Chapter 13: Modern Physics and Electronics

Important questions:

How modern physics was evolved? OR, Why a new era has been introduced at the beginning of 20th century?

Who and when observed the nuclear event first?

What is nuclear event?

Which event is a spontaneous and continuous phenomenon and fully controlled by the nature.

Pressure, heat, electric and magnetic field cannot stop or increase or decrease the emission of these rays.

Who observed radiation emits from the heavy elements like Polonium, Thorium and Actinium etc.?

What is radioactivity? What is its unit? Define its 1 unit?

What do Radioactive elements emit?

How does radioactive elements transform into lighter elements

What is disintegration?

Radium transforms into which element through radioactive disintegration?

What is half life?

Write down the uses of radioactivity?

Write down the harmful effects of radioactivity.

What should be done to get rid of harmfulness of radioactivity?

Page 49 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

alpha

what

type

penetrating

power

influenced by

ionization

mass

charge

detection

Florence

velocity

beta

gamma

What is electronics?

How does the real journey of electronic begin? Explain with Addisons effect.

Who first invented vacuum tube?

How does the vacuum tube work?

Who invented triode?

How transistor was invented?

Wht is IC?

What is analogue signal?

What is digital signal?

How does analogue signal converts to digital signal?

Write down the advantages and disadvantages of analogue and digital signal.

What are semiconductors?

What is doping?

What is n type semiconductor? How does it construct?

What is p type semiconductor? How does it construct?

What is diode? What is the function of diode?

What is transistor?

What is IC?

Which year IC was invented?

What is microphone? How does it work?

What is speaker? Write down its function.

How is 20th century important?

What is radio? Write down the uses of radio.

Who contributed in Radio?

Discuss the working procedure of radio.

What is television?

Who invented television?

Who was the first TV actor?

Discuss the functions of black and white television.

How many electron guns are present in colour TV?

How the coloured image does becomes visible on the colour television?

What is telephone?

Who and when invented telephone?

How does telephone work?

How does mobile phone help us?

How does mobile phone work?

What is Fax? Who and when invented Fax?

How does Fax work?

What is computer?

What is input of a computer?

What is RAM?

Page 50 of 51

Animesh Samundh

DOHS, Mohakhali, Dhaka Cantonment

What are hardware and software?

Write down the use of a computer?

What is internet? Write down the uses of internet.

What is email?

How does email work?

a) What is semiconductor?

b) What is the function of modem?

c) Discuss the way of passing information for the signal mentioned in figure 1.

d) Which signal is useful to send signal to the long distance? Analyze.

Page 51 of 51

Animesh Samundh

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