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DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS

COCHIN 682 022

Syllabus

M.Sc.(Electronic Science)

(2013-2015)

Course structure

Semester I

C/E

Credi

t

Mathematical and

computational Methods

ELE 2102

circuits

ELE 2103

Network Analysis

ELE 2104

ELE 2105

Electromagnetics

ELE 2101L

Computer Laboratory

ELE 2102L

Electronics Circuits

laboratory

Course No

ELE 2101

Pre requisites

B.Sc.

(Electronics/Ph

ysics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

B.Sc.

( Electronics/

Physics)

19

Semester II

Course No

ELE 2201

ELE 2202

Microprocessors &

Microcontrollers

Communication

Electronics

C/E

Credi

t

ELE 2203

ELE 2204

Control Systems

ELE 2205

ELE 2206

Introduction To Robotics

Microwave Devices and

Measurements

ELE 2210

Data Structures

ELE 2201L

Microprocessor Laboratory

Control Systems

laboratory

ELE 2207

ELE 2204L

Pre requisites

19

Semester III

Course No

ELE 2301

Seminar

ELE 2303

Introduction to

Embedded systems

Computer networks

ELE 2304

Artificial Intelligence

ELE 2302

ELE 2305

ELE 2308

ELE 2309

Systems

Wave guides and

Antennas

Operating System

C/E

Credi

t

ELE 2210

ELE 2206

ELE 2207

ELE 2311

Microwave

Communication And

Radar Systems

Computer Organization

ELE 2312

Computer graphics

ELE 2313

ELE 2310

ELE 2305L

Microprocessor systems

Laboratory

Robotics laboratory

ELE 2310L

Microwave Laboratory

ELE 2312L

Computer Laboratory

ELE 2302L

Pre requisites

ELE 2207

ELE 2206

18

Semester IV

Course No

ELE 2401

Viva Voce

C/E

Credi

t

16

3

=19+19+18+16 = 72

1 Numerical Analysis: Numerical Computations, sources of errors, Numerical

2

3

4

5

Raphson method, iteration methods, Polynomial interpolation: Lagrange

interpolation polynomial, divided differences, Newton's divided differences

interpolation polynomial.

Solution of linear system of algebraic equations: Gauss Siedel iteration

method, Gauss elimination method, Gauss-Jordan method. LU decomposition

method. Error equations. Matrix inversion and Eigen value problems.

Numerical integration and differentiation: Trapeziodal rule. Romberg

integration, Simpsons rule. Improper integrals, error analysis, numerical

differentiation, finite difference methods.

Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Initial value

problems: Euler methods, Modified Euler methods, Runge-Kutt methods.

Solution of simultaneous ODE.

Boundary value problems: Numerical solution of boundary value of

problems, methods of finite differences, Partial Diferential equations, solution

of Elliptic, parabolic and hyperbolic PDE.

References:

1

2

3

4

M.L. James, G.M. smith and J.C. Walford, "Applied Numerical methods Digital

Computation", Herper & Tow,1983.

M.K.Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar, R.K. Jain, "Numerical methods for Scientific and

Engineering Computation", Wiley Eastern Ltd., 1993.

P.Kandaswamy K. Thilagavathy: Numerical Methods, S.Chand & Co. 1996

E.V.Krishnamurthy, S.K. Sen: Numerical Algorithms, Affiliated East West/1001.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Gate turn - off thyristors, TRIAC, Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors: Structure,

Characteristics, Operation, Limitation and Safe Operating Areas; Comparison

of Controllable Switches, Emerging devices and circuits.

Feedback and Stability: Concept, Negative Feedback Loop, General

Requirements of Feedback Circuits, Effect of Feedback on Amplifier,

Performance, The four Basic Amplifier types, The four feedback Topologies,

Effect of Feedback Connection on Amplifier Port Resistance, Examples of Real

Feedback Amplifiers, Feedback Loop Stability.

Operational Amplifiers : Characteristics ,The op-amp architecture,

differential, DC level and Input Stages; Linear op-amp circuits: Non-inverting,

Inverting, Difference, Instrumentation, Summation, Integration,

Differentiation Amplifiers; Non Linear Op-amp Circuits: Open Loop

Comparator, Polarity Indicator, Schmitt Trigger; Non-Ideal Properties of Opamps: Output Saturation, Offset and Bias Voltages and Current, Skew Rate,

Finite Frequency Response, Gain-bandwidth product.

Linear Wave shaping circuit: RC/RL/RLC circuits, Pulse transformer

modelling, switching characteristics of devices(diodes, BJT, MOS,IGBT), switch

with capacitive load, inductive load, non saturating switches, multivibrators

astable, monostable, bistable(commutation and triggering), negative

5

bootstrap, miller, blocking oscillators, transient switching and characteristics.

Power Amplifiers - Classification - class A , class B, Class AB, Class C and

class D - Transformer coupled class AB Power amplifier - Transformer less

class AB push-pull Power amplifier - complementary symmetry power

amplifier - Harmonic distortion in Power amplifiers - Transistor rating -Heat

sinks -Switching amplifiers.

5.

References

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

PHI,

1997.

Millman & Grabel, Micro Electronics McGraw-Hill.

Millman, Jacob and Herbert, Taub, Pulse, Digital and switching

waveforms, Tata McGraw Hill 1991.

Sedra & Smith , Microelectronic circuits, Oxford University Press, 5th

Ed..

Ben G. Streetman, Sanjay Kumar Banerjee Pearson Prentice-Hall, 2009

1.

concepts: Classification of circuits circuit

elements, sources and Kirchoffs law.

Review of Network TheoremsSubstitution, superposition Reciprocity, Maximum Power Transfer, Thevenins,

Nortons, Transients in Linear circuits Initial conditions Rise and decay of

current in RL Circuit Time constant RC circuits with impressed DC Voltage

RL and RC circuits with sinusoidal voltage DC transients in RLC circuits

damping.

Signal representation and network response: Characteristics of signals

Unit step function, impulse and ramp function non sinusoidal signalsrepresentation of a wave using Fourier series expansion Frequency

Spectrum of periodic waveforms Fourier integral and Fourier transforms

discrete and continuous frequency spectra.

Laplace transform analysis: Main properties of L.T. Lap lace Transform of

important signal waveforms. Lap lace transform of important signal

waveforms. Lap lace transform initial of simple network partial fraction

expansion initial and final value theorems convolution integrals.

Network functions: Concept of complex frequency transform impedance

and admittance-driving point impedance and admittance transfer functionrelation between transfer function and impulse response their use in

network analysis and design poles and zeros Pole-Zero plot relation

between time domain behavior and pole zero plot.

Filters, attenuators and equalizers: Relation between bandwidth and rise

time, delay time and network function. Analysis of constant K and M derived

fitters. Introduction to network synthesis of passive one port networks

properties and synthesis of LC. RC and RL network. Foster properties and

synthesis of LC. RC and RL network. Foster and Cauer methods Introduction

to positive real functions.

2.

3.

4.

5.

References:

1

2

Desor and Kuo, Basic Circuit Theory Mc.Graw Hill Book Co.Ltd.(3 rd Edition)

Van Valkenberg, Network Analysis Prentice Hall of India Pvt.Ltd., {3 rd Edition)

1991

6

3

4

Van Vankenberg, Principle of Network Synthesis

1.

Number Systems and Conversion: Binary Codes, Boolean Algebra: Basic

Operations,

Truth Tables, Simplification Theorems, Laws and Theorems of Boolean Algebra,

Duality,

EX-OR and Equivalence, Positive and Negative Logic, Concensus Theorem.

2.

Application of Boolean Algebra: Conversion of English Sentences to

Boolean Equations, Minterm and Maxterm Expansions, Incompletely Specified

Functions;

Kasrnaugh Maps: 2,3 and 4 variable K-maps, Minimum Expressions using

Essential Prime Implicates; Quine-McCluskey Methods; Petricks Methods,

Simplification using Map-entered variables.

3.

Multi-level Gate Network: Functionally Completely sets of Logic Gates,

Multi-level NAND-NOR Gate Networks, Network conversion using alternative

Gate Symbols, Multiple Output memories, Programmable Logic Devices.

4.

Flip-Flops: S-R,Trigger, J-K, Clocked J-K and D-flip-flops, Characteristic

Equations, Design of Binary counter, other Sequences, Counter Design using SR Flip-Flops, J-K Flip-Flops, & D-flip flops, Short cut methods for deriving J-K flipflops input equations, Design of a Code Converter.

5.

State Graphs and Tables: Design of sequence detector, Construction of

state graphs, Serial data code conversion, Implication Table, Equivalent

sequential networks, Incompletely specified state tables, Flip-flop input

equations, Equivalent state assignments; Interactive Networks: Design of

Parity Checker, Comparator and Pattern Detector.

References :

1 Roth Jr, Charles H, Fundamentals of Logic Design, Jaico Publishing House,

5th Edition

2

M.N. Biswas, Logic Design Theory.

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Introduction:

Review of Maxwells equations Faradays, Gausss and

Amperes laws, boundary conditions, far field vectors, power flow and Pointing

vector.

Propagation: Propagation of uniform plane waves-Uniform plane waves in

lossy media, conductors and di- electronics, skin depth, polarization group

velocity, Normal Propagation of uniform plane waves Uniform plane waves in

lossy media, conductors and dielectrics, skin depth, polarization, group

velocity. Normal and oblique incidence of plane waves on plane boundaries,

oblique incidence, loss less media and perfect conductors.

Equations governing potential functions - Laplace, Poisson equations and

solutions, uniqueness of solution to Lap laces eqn., superposition of solution,

solution to Poissons equation

TEM Waves - loss less transmission lines Sinusoidal steady state excitation

voltage and current as a function of position, matching, power flow. Lossy

transmission line.

Electromagnetic wave propagation in ionosphere. Structure of

ionosphere, Plasma oscillations, wave propagation in plasma, Collision effect in

7

refractions of waves, Regular and irregular variations of ionosphere,

Attenuation factor.

Reference:

1. Jordan.E.C and Balmain, Electromagnetic waves and radiating systems

Prentice Hall.

2. Paul.C.R and S.A.Nassar, Introduction to Electromagnetic fields , McGraw

Hill, 1987.

3 Rao, N. Narayana, Elements of engineering Electromagnetics PHI, 4 th

Edition 1998.

4 John David Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics, 3 rd Edition, Wiley Eastern

2004

1 Review of 8085 Microprocessor Systems: Organization & architecture of

8085, Register Organization. Addressing Modes Interrupts Peripheral

Interfacing: 8255, 8254, 8257, 8259.

2 Interfacing Data Converters & Display Devices: ADCs- Successive

approximation, Integrating type, Flash type, Case study ADC 0808, DACs ,

case study: DAC 0808. 16X2 LCD, 8bit and 4 bit modes.

3 16-bit Microprocessor: 8086 internal architecture- registers, memory

address space, segment registers, memory segmentation, stack, I/O space,

addressing modes, instruction set and assembly language programming.

4 Advanced Microprocessor: Pinouts and Functions of 80386 and 80486

Internal architecture, Memory and I/O space Address Decoding-Memory

Interfacing Dynamic RAM I/O Interface- General Purpose Registers

Programming model, real mode and protected mode operations.

5 Microcontrollers: Intel MCS 51 Architecture, Signal Descriptions, Register

set, Interrupts, In-built peripherals Instruction set System Design.

References

1

with the 8085 Penram International Publishing, India, 3 rd Edition, 1997.

2. Hall, Douglas V., Microprocessors and Interfacing Programming and

Hardware, McGraw HillBook, Company, 1986

3. INTEL Microcontroller application notes / data sheets.

4. Brey, Barry B., The Intel Microprocessors Architecture, Programming &

Interfacing, Third Edition, PHI, 1995.

ELE 2202

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

COMMUNICATION ELECTRONICS

Vestigial Sideband Modulation, Frequency division multiplexing

Multiplexing AM Radio and Television: Angle Modulation, Frequency

modulation and Demodulation. Phase Locked Loop, Limiting of FM waves, FM

Radio, Stereophonic FM Broadcasting

Television: Modulation Techniques, TV Standards, B/W Transmission &

Reception Color Transmission & Reception

Digital Transmission: Pulse Code Modulation, Sampling, Quantising, Coding.

Differential Pulses-Code Modulation. Differential pulse code modulation. Delta

modulation, Digital Multiplexing for Telephony. Digital Modulation Techniques:

ASK, FSK, PSK. QPSK.

Noise in Analog Modulation: Signal to Noise Ratio, AM Receiver models, FM

receiver models, Noise in AM reception, Noise in FM reception, FM Threshold

effect, Pre-emphasis and De-emphasis in FM

Reference:

1

2

3

4

Wiley&Sons, 1994

Lathi, B.P., Modern Digital and Analog Communication systems, Third

Edition, Oxford series in Electrical and Computer Engineering, (CULT OXFORD

1998).

Taub H., and Schilling D.T., Principles of Communication Systems, Mc-Graw

Hill, 1986.

Hambley, Allan R., An Introduction to Communication Systems, Computer

Science Press, 1990

9

10

ELE 2203

1.

Convolution- Difference Equation Representation of Discrete Time Systems.

The Z transform properties of Z Transform - Inverse Z Transform System

Function

Discrete Fourier transform: Discrete Fourier Transform Properties Block

Convolution, Decimation in- time FFT algorithm Decimation-in-Frequency

FFT Algorithm- Mixed Radix FFT Algorithms.

Two dimensional signals & Systems: Properties 2D Z transform and 2D

DFT. (introduction only)

Digital Filters: Specification- IIR & FIR filters Realization Schemes. Design

of IIR filters - Analog filters approximations- Butterworth & Chebyshev

approximations. Transformation Bilinear & Impulse Invariant Transformation.

Design of FIR filters Fourier Series method Use of Window functionsfrequency sampling design

Finite Word length effects in digital systems - Fixed point arithmeticFloating point arithmetic-Block floating point arithmetic Truncation

Rounding - Quantization error Coefficient Inaccuracy Error, Product round off

error - Limit cycle oscillations Applications of digital Signal Processing (brief

description)

2.

3.

4.

5.

References:

1

2

3

4

Oppenheim, Alan V., & Sihafer, Ronald W., Discrete time Signal Processing,

Prentice Hall of India

Ahmed N., & Natarajan T.R., Discrete- time Signals & System Reston Pub.

Co., 1983

Proakis, John J., Williams A.B., & Tayler F.J., Electronic Filter Design

Handbook , Mc-Graw Hill 1988

L.R.Rabiner & B.Gold, Theory and applications of Digital Signal Processing ,

Prentice Hall of India.

ELE 2204

1.

2.

3.

4.

CONTROL SYSTEMS

of block diagram - Open loop and closed loop systems - Signal flow graphs and

their use in determining Transfer function.

Properties of Systems: Linearity, time invariance, stability and causality;

Special properties of Linear Time Invariant (LTI) systems: Transfer function,

Impulse response; State variable Representation and Solution of State

Equation for Electrical Systems, Electro-mechanical systems and analogous

systems.

Transient and Steady State Analysis: Transient response of first order and

second order systems - Error Constants- Generalized Definition of Error

Coefficients, AC and DC Servomotors and Stepper Motor as Control System

Components.

Concept of Stability: Poles, zeros and their significance in stability analysis,

Tools

and Techniques for LTI Control System Analysis: Root

11

5.

Locus Method, Routh Hurwit's Criterion, Bode Plot, Polar Plot, Nyquist criterion,

Nichols chart.

Design of Control Systems and Compensation Techniques: Control

System Compensators - Elements of Lead Compensation - Lag CompensationLead Compensation Lag-Lead Compensation, P I D Control

References:

1. M. Gopal Control system Principles and design TMH, 1998

2 K. Ogata Modern Control Engineering 3rd ed. 1997, PHI

3 B.C. Kuo Automatic Control Systems, 7th ed. PHI 1995.

12

ELE 2206

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

INTRODUCTION TO ROBOTICS

Spherical Work envelope, Repeatability, Precision, Accuracy. Types of joints,

Prismatic, Revolute, Ball and socket, Number of Axes, Degrees of freedom,

Joint variables.

Actuators and End Effectors :Pneumatic Drives Hydraulic Drives

Mechanical Drives Electrical Drives D.C.Servo Motors, Stepper Motor, A.C.

Servo Motors Salient Features, Applications and Comparison of Drives End

Effectors Grippers Mechanical Grippers, Pneumatic and Hydraulic

Grippers, Magnetic Grippers, Vacuum Grippers; Two Fingered and Three

Fingered Grippers; Internal Grippers and External Grippers; Selection and

Design Considerations.

Kinematics: World frame, joint frame, end-effector frame, Rotation Matrix,

composite rotation matrix , Homogeneous Matrix, Link Coordinate, Denavit Hartenberg representation, Arm equation, Tool configuration.

Robot Dynamics: Velocity Kinematics, Jacobian, Singularities, Differential

motion, Euler - LaGrange Equation, Expression of Kinetic and Potential

Energy, Equations of Motion.

Robot Programming & Industrial Applications: : Teach In, Teach

Through, High Level languages robot talk, Comparison of teaching and

programming methods, Software speed up. Industrial Applications: Loading

and Unloading, Die-casting, Spot and ARC welding. Selection of robots.

References:

1. Fu, K.S. et al , Robotics Control, Sensing , Vision and Intelligence,

McGraw Hill.

2. Selig. J. M Introductory Robotics PHI(UK), 1992.

3. Robotics and Automation Handbook Editor: Thomas R. Kurfess, CRC

Press,2005

4. Yoram Koren, Robotics for Engineers, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1992

5. Groover M.P et al Industrial Robotics Technology, Programming &

Applications McGraw Hill.

1. Microwave Tube devices: Velocity modulation, Basic Principles of two

cavity, Klystron and reflex Klystrons, Principles of operation of Magnetron

and TWT.

2. Microwave Semiconductor devices : Transferred Electron devices, Gunn

effect, Principles of operation, SA diode, Reed diode, IMPATT diode, TRAPPAT

diode, YIG Devices

3. Parametric Amplifiers: Non linear reactance, Manley Rowe power

relations, Small signal method, parametric amplifiers, Parametric Upconverter, Parametric Down-converter, Applications

4. Microwave components: Faraday Rotation in Ferrites, Isolator, Circulator

Faraday rotation Switch and Modulator, 3 port circulation, impedance

matching single stub and double stub.

5. Microwave Measurements: Microwave Measurement of Power, Insertion

loss, Attenuation, Frequency, VSWR, Q and Impedance, network analyzer,

measurement of scattering parameter, frequency measurement by slotted

line and resonant cavities.

References:

13

1.

1995

2.

K.C. Gupta Microwaves, New Age International Ltd.1995.

3.

Rajeshwari Chatterji: Microwave, Millimeter wave and sub-millimeter

wave

vacuum electron devices, Affiliated East - West Press, 1994

4.

Sigfrid Yngyesson: Microwave Semiconductor Devices, Kluwer

Academic, 1991.

5.

Stephen C. C. Harsany: `Principles of Microwave Technology, Prentice

Hall, 1997

ELE 2302

INTRODUCTION TO EMBEDDED

SYSTEMS

Hybrid architecture, , Development Environment, embedded software,

Hard real time systems RTOS, 16F87X series PIC processor organization

2 System Connections and Interfacing: 16-bit Microprocessors 8086

Review Address Decoding of Ports and Memory Interrupts and

Response 8086 based systems Minimum mode and maximum mode

operations

3 Interfacing: Interfacing standards, 12C, USART-RS232, RS 485, SPI,

Microwire, USB etc., Analog interfacing, PWM, ADC, DAC, Real Time

Clock, LCDs, PC Keyboard.

4 Analog interfacing: Review of Opamps, Sensors and Transducers

Interfacing and applications A/D converter types, Specifications and

Interfacing.

5 Microcontrollers: Microchip PIC16F87X Architecture, Instruction set .

registers, I/O, memory management, interrupt structure, instruction set

and programming event capture, comparators, Power saving, System

design.

References:

1. Hall, Douglas V., Microprocessors and Interfacing Programming

and Hardware, McGraw HillBook, Company, 1986

2. Brey, Barry B., The Intel Microprocessors Architecture,

Programming & Interfacing, Third Edition, PHI, 1995

3. Microchip - Microcontroller application notes / data sheets.

1.

2.

3.

4.

Services and Standardization, ISO Reference Model for Open System

Interconnection. Functions and Design Issues of the OSI Layers.

Physical Layer Concepts : Data Transfer Modes: Synchronous and

Asynchronous, Speed Matching Concept, Multiplexers, Statistical

Multiplexers, Concentrators, Modems and Switching: circuit, message

and packet.

Data Link Layer and Network Layer Protocols: Elementary Data

Link Protocols, Sliding Window Protocols Pipelining of Data Frames,

Protocol Performance, Specification and Verification, Routing Algorithms

and Congestion Control.

Internetworking, Transport protocols and Applications: Bridges

and Gateways, Multiple Access Networks, Remote Procedure Calls,

14

ISDN, Satellite, Fiber Optic and Cellular Radio Networks.

MAC Networks : Contention and Contentionless MAC protocols, Bus and

Ring

Architectures, CSMA/CD, Slotted Ring and Token Passing LAN

Protocols, IEEE 802 standardization in OSI model: IEEE 802.2, 802.3,

802.4 and 802.5 standards. IEEE 802.11 WLAN Standards.

References:

1. Behrouz A. Forouzan, Data Communication and Networking, Tata McGraw Hill,

2. Pallapa Venkataram and S. S. Manvi, Communication Protocol

Engineering,

PHI, 2004.

3. A. S. Tanenbaum, Computer Networks, Third Edition, PHI, 2002.

4. William Stallings, High Speed Networks, PHI, 1998.

5. Uyless D. Black, Data Communications and Distributed Networks, Third

Edition,

PHI, 1995.

ELE 2305

Drives for Hydraulic and Pneumatic Actuators, H-bridge drives for DC motor,

Overload, Over current and Stall Detection Methods, Position. Speed and

Direction sensing Example of an Embedded System-Robot Controllers.

2. Robot Motion control: Robot Motion Planning, Path planning, Geometric

path, obstacle avoidance, shortest path, Trajectory planning, The boundary

conditions, Control Methods-Conventional Joint PID Control, Computed torque ,

Nonlinear feedback, Adaptive control, Variable structure control

3. Mobile Robots: Introduction to Wheeled robots, Classification of wheels,

Fixed wheel, Centered Orientable wheel, Off-centered orientable wheel,

Swedish wheel, Mobile Robot Locomotion, Differential Drive, Tricycle,

Synchronous Drive, Omni-directional, Ackerman Steering, Kinematics models of

WMR

4. Motion planning and Navigation: Basics, Configuration Space, Obstacles,

Motion Planning Methods, Roadmap Approaches, Visibility graphs, Voronoi

diagram,

Cell

Decomposition,

Trapezoidal

Decomposition,

Quadtree

Decomposition, Potential Fields, Bug Algorithms.

5. Robot Vision: Introduction, Image acquisition, Illumination Techniques, Image

Conversion, Cameras, Sensors, Camera and System Interface, Frame Buffers

and Grabbers, . Image Processing and Analysis Data Reduction: Edge detection,

Feature Extraction and Object Recognition Algorithms. Applications

Inspection, Identification, Visual Serving and Navigation.

References:

1 Fu, K.S.,et.al , Robotics

Intelligence, McGraw-Hill.

2

3

4

5

6

Control,

Sensing

Vision

and

Peters, Ltd, ISBN 1-56881-048-2.

Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, Roland Siegwart, Illah R.

Nourbakhsh, The MIT Press, 2004, ISBN 0-262-19502-X

Robotics and Automation Handbook Editor: Thomas R. Kurfess, CRC

Press,2005.Where am I? Sensors and Methods for Mobile Robot Positioning,

J. Borenstein et al, The university of Michigan, 1996 Zuech, Nello, Applying

Machine Vision, John Wiley & Sons, 1988

Janakiraman.P.A., Robotics and Image Processing, Tata McGraw-Hill, 1995.

15

1. Transmissions lines:

Transmission line parameters Transmission line

equations Input impedance, SWR, Smith chart, Microstrip transmission line

2. Wave Guides: TE and TM waves in rectangular wave guides, wave

impedance, attenuation factor and Q factor, Power handling capacity

3. Antennas: Radiation mechanism, Antenna structures, Radiation pattern,

Gain, Directivity, Radiation resistance, efficiency, band width, beam width,

Polarisation, Friss transmission formula, Effective aperture, EIRP

4. Potential Functions:

Potential functions and EM field, Potential

functions for sinusoidal oscillators, Alternating current element short

antennas, Half wave dipole

5. Antenna Arrays: Arrays of two isotropic point sources, Uniform N element

array Array factor pattern multiplication Parabolic reflectors horn

antennas

References:

1. Sadiku, Elements of Electromagnetics, Third edition, Oxford University

Press, 2006

2. Jordan E.C, and Balmain K. G., Electromagnetic waves and Radiating

Systems

3. C A Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, 3 rd Edition, John Wiley

and Sons, 2005

ELE 2310

RADAR SYSTEMS

and diffraction effects, Various Fadings, Path Analysis: Unfaded signal level,

Thermal noise Threshold: Frequency deviation. Antenna gain, Noise on FM

radio link: Sources of noise, FM improvement threshold, Noise power ratio

2. Radar Fundamentals: Introduction, Radar Equation, Block diagram, Radar

frequencies, Applications, Prediction of range performance, Pulse Repetition

Frequency and Range ambiguities, Antenna parameters-System losses

3. Radar Transmiters: Radar Transmitters, Modulators, Solid state

transmitters, Radar Antennas- Parabolic-Scanning feed-Lens-Radomes,

Electronically steered phased array antenna-Applications, ReceiversDisplays-Duplexers

4. Radar Signal Characteristics: Radar range equation, Radar frequencies,

pulse considerations, Minimum detectable signal, Receiver noise, Integration

of radar pulses, FM-CW radar, MTI

5. Special purpose radars: Special purpose radars, Synthetic aperture radar,

HF and over the horizon radar, Air surveillance radar, Height finder and 3D

radars, Bistatic radar, Radar Beacons, Radar Jamming and Electronic

Counters.

References

1. Freeman, "Radio system Design for telecommunications", Wiley 1997

2. Radar Handbook -Merril I.Skolnik , McGraw Hill Publishers, 1990

3. J. C. Toomay, Paul Hannen Radar Principles for the Non-Specialist,

SolTech Pub. 2004

16

1. Fundamentals: Define accuracy, precision, sensitivity, resolution,

linearity, error, and uncertainty., average deviation, and standard

deviation . signal conditioning techniques.Tactile and proximity

Sensors: .Magnetic, Inductive .Capacitive, Optical, Hall Effect, Ultrasonic

and Microwave. Pyro-Electric Touch and Slip Sensors,

2. Position Sensors Potentiometric, LVDT, Optical sensors - Optical

Encoders Absolute Incremental, Velocity and Speed measurements, ,

Quadrature decoding Encoder Resolution, Doppler Sensors

3. Actuators Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Electrical actuators:, DC motors,

AC motors, Stepper motors, BLDC, Solenoids. Motor drives:. PWM and Hbridges, case study L298 based drive.

4. Beacons and Range Sensors: Passive and Active Beacons: Ultrasonic,

Infra red and Laser, Triangulation and Trilateration , Global Positioning

System, DGPS.

5. Inertial Measurement Units: Accelerometer, Gyroscope, Electronic

Compass, Tilt Sensor. MEMS sensors. Case study Analog Devices ADXL345

3 axis accelerometer .

References:

1

Peters, Ltd, ISBN 1-56881-048-2.

2 Introduction to Autonomous Mobile Robots, Roland Siegwart, Illah R.

Nourbakhsh, The MIT Press, 2004, ISBN 0-262-19502-X

3. Where am I? Sensors and Methods for Mobile Robot Positioning,

J. Borenstein et al, The university of Michigan, 1996

4. Introduction to Mechatronics & Measurement Systems, Histand,

M.B. & Alciatore,D.G., McGraw-Hill, 2003

17

- 4.Angle Modulation FMUploaded bynitinmg
- Analog CircuitsUploaded bycosplaysources
- Steven Mark TPUUploaded byjohnstevens1
- Study of Amplitude Modulation TransmitterUploaded byEditor IJRITCC
- Development of Hardware Dual Modality Tomography System.pdfUploaded bymuhammad rodhy
- User Manual ICS-W0837B V1Uploaded bymicrocoms
- 520l0541.pdfUploaded bydozer_kamil
- Cs6304-Analog and Digital Communication-3Uploaded byRajesh G
- mc1496rev4fUploaded bycorneliusflavius7132
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